nawili I Zveli qarTuli sasuliero mwerloba - Ganatleba

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nawili I Zveli qarTuli sasuliero mwerloba - Ganatleba

8

nawili I

Zveli qarTuli sasuliero

mwerloba

(V–XI ss.)

rac erTxel cxovlad suls daaCndebis,

saSviliSvilod gardaicemis.

nikoloz baraTaSvili

yoveli eri Tavisi istoriiT suldgmulobs, igia saganZe,

sadac eri poulobs Tavis sulis Rones, Tavis sulis bge­

ras, Tavis zneobiT da gonebiT aRmatebulebas, Tavis

vi naobas, Tavis Tvisebas.

ilia WavWavaZe

mxolod gonebaSezRuduli adamiani aris Seuwy narebeli

Zveli kulturuli monapovris mimarT, mas uWirs siaxlis

miRebac da siZvelis dafasebac.

dimitri lixaCovi

Zveli avtorebis kiTxvisas Cven raRac Zalze mniSv­

nelovans viZenT, rac Semdgom Tanamedrove epoqisa da

adamianebis ukeT gagebaSi gvexmareba.

jerom bruneri


qarTuli xelnaweri wm. ekaterines monastris biblioTekidan.

sinas mTa, egvipte. badri vadaWkorias foto

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Tavi I

roca Zaladoba

uZluria

`Zalis sisuste isaa, rom Zalis meti

araferi swams.~

citata XX saukunis literaturidan


purobis scena `SuSanikis wamebidan~.

mxatvari-ilustratori mamia malazonia


hagiografiis mxatvruli bunebisaTvis

hagiografiis mizania rwmenisa da idealebisaTvis Tavda debuli

ada mianis saxis Seqmna. hagiografia pirovnebis amaR le bas

gviCvenebs. wesisamebr, mas erTi mTavari gmiri hyavs, nawar moebis

saTauric ama ze metyvelebs.

qristianuli religia TvaliT xilul, grZnobad samyaros

mi iC nevs adamianis droebiT samyoflad, `wuTisoflad~, romlis

miRma ar sebobs `zena sofeli~, anu zeciuri, maradiuli samyaro.

RvTis xatad Seqmnilma adamianma dakarga msgavseba Tavis

pirvelsaxesTan. adamianis misiaa qristes baZviT miwierisa da

zeciuris SekavSireba. `xatsa TÂssa mamsgavse da sakrvelad

grZ no badisa da gonierisa myo fobisad damawese~ (Sens saxes

damamsgavse da xorcielisa da su lieris SemaerTeblad damadgine).

daviT aRmaSenebelma am wi nadadebaSi Caatia epoqis msoflmxedvelobrivi

mrwamsi.

yovelive amis gaTvaliswinebis gareSe SeuZlebelia qristianuli

mwerlobis gageba da TviT mowamis saxis wvdoma.

wmindani xidis gamdebia wuTisofelsa da zena sofels Soris.

igi `zecisa kacia da queyanisa angelozi~. amitom hagiografiul

na warmoebSi aRiwereba namdvilad momxdari ambavi, wmindanis

Ta na me d rove is toriuli garemo, Tumca hagiografisaTvis sinamdvile

mxolod TvaliT xiluli samyaro ar aris. misTvis

rea lobaa zena sofelic. misi mi zania wmindanis svlis Cveneba

su lieri samyarosaken. Cveulebrivi eniT Wirs amis gamoxatva.

mwer lebi Civian, rom sityva ver itevs sa Tqmels. amitom

isini moiSvelieben bibliis saxe­simboloebs. es simboloebi

konkretul mniSvnelobasTan erTad sulier Sinaarss mo icaven.

aseTi simboloebia: `sZali qristesi~, `meTerTmete Jamis mu Saki~,

`talantis gamravleba~ da sxv. TiToeuli maTgani saxarebis igavebidan

iRebs saTaves.

magaliTad, simbolo, romelic `SuSanikis wamebaSi~ mowamis

sa xesac Zerwavs, siuJetur Txrobasac warmarTavs da nawarmoebs

kompoziciuradac kravs _ es aris `sZali qristesi~. igi Segvaxsenebs

saxarebis igavs aTi qalwulis Sesaxeb da migvaniSnebs,

rom mowame RvTiuri siyvaruliT ganimsWvala.

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24

m o v e m z a d o T t e q s t i s

w a s a k i T x a d

wamebaÁ wmidisa SuSanikisi

iakob xucesi

avtori

`wamebaÁ wmidisa SuSanikisi~ qarTuli mwerlobis Cve namde moRweul

uZ veles Zegladaa aRiarebuli.

Sua saukuneebSi dRevandelobisgan gansxvavebulad esmodaT avto ris

roli. erTaderT Semoqmedad miiCneoda RmerTi. avtori ki RvTis nebis

aRmsruleblad iTvleboda. amitom xSirad igi arc gvimxelda Tavis vinaobas.

amiTac aris gamowveuli, rom ar viciT bevri literaturuli

nawarmoebis, xuroTmoZRvruli Zeglis, xatis, freskisa Tu sagaloblis

SemoqmedTa vinaoba; ar viciT, pirvelma vin Targmna bibliuri wignebi,

vin aago mcxeTis jvari, vin Seqmna yinwvisis angelozi, gelaTis mozaika,

Zveli qarTuli sagaloblebi.

`SuSanikis wamebis~ avtoris Sesaxeb ki sakmao cnobebi gvaqvs. teqsti

dan Cans, rom misi saxelia iakobi. igi qvemo qarTlis sapitiaxSos karis

eklesiis mRvdeli da SuSanikis sulieri moZRvari yofila. iakobi

na warmoebis ara marto avtoria, igi personaJicaa. mowamebrivi gzis

dasawyisidan dasasrulamde iakob xucesi mxarSi udgas SuSaniks, amxnevebs

mas, sapyrobileSi moinaxulebs, TanaugrZnobs, sazrdos awvdis, rCevas

aZlevs.

nawarmoebidan Cans, rom iakob xucesi Rrmad ganswavluli pirovneba

yofila.

Txzuleba dawerilia SuSanikis mowamebrivi aRsasrulis (475 wlis

17 oqtomberi) Semdeg, varsqenis sicocxleSive (mokles 482 wels) e.i.

476­482 wlebSi.

`SuSanikis wamebis~ avtoriseul xelnawers Cvenamde ar mouRwevia.

mi si uZvelesi nusxa TariRdeba X saukuniT.

V saukunis qarTli

hagiografi realurad momxdar ambavs asaxavs. igi sagangebod aRniSnavs,

rom TviTon iyo monawile yovelivesi. amitom mis nawarmoebs

didi samsaxuris gaweva SeuZlia istorikosebisaTvis, igi Zvirfasi

istoriuli wyaroa.

iakob xucesis monaTxrobSi saintereso cnobebia V saukunis qar­

Tlis Sesaxeb. moqmedeba iSleba qvemo qarTLlSi, im mxareSi, sadac bol­


nisis sionis taZris kedelze erT­erTi UuZvelesi qarTuli warweraa

amokveTili.

cnobilia, rom qvemo qarTlis pitiaxSi imxanad qarTlis mefes,

vax tang gorgasals, eurCeboda da Zlier mfarvels sparseTSi eZebda.

sparseTis samefo kars sapitiaxSoze gavlena adrec hqonia mopovebu ­

li. varsqenis karze gaSinaurebuli `kaci erTi sparsi~ garkveuli uflebe

biT sargeblobs pitiaxSis sasaxleSi.

imJamindeli qarTlis sazogadoeba fenebad aris dayofili. feodalur

sazogadoebas Seadgenen `aznaurni did­didni~, `aznaurni~ da

`uaznoni~. Tavisuflebis armqoneTa, `uaznoTa~, Soris naxsenebi arian

mona­msaxurni.

nawarmoebSi gvxvdeba qarTvelTa yofa­cxovrebis SeswavlisaTvis

saintereso cnobebi.

qarTlis gaqristianebidan daaxloebiT saukunenaxevaria gasuli.

saeklesio cxovreba warimarTeba qristianuli samyaros aRiarebuli

centrebis (siria, palestina, bizantia) msgavsad; aSenebulia eklesiebi,

Camoyalibebulia sasuliero fena: mTavarepiskoposi, episkoposi, xu ce si,

diakvani. feodals karis eklesia aqvs da hyavs `episkoposi saxlisaÁ~.

mowame dedofals xelTa aqvs saxareba, mowameTa wignebi, zepirad

icis fsalmunebi. gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovani ki isaa, rom iakob xucesis

`SuSanikis wameba~ nasazrdoebi da STagonebulia bibliuri wignebiT,

kerZod, saxarebiT. es ki imaze metyvelebs, rom imJamindeli

msmeneli, mkiTxveli, Rrmad yofila gaTviTcnobierebuli sa xarebis

nawarmoebSi aRwerili moqmedeba viTardeba da ba curtavSi, sapitiaxSos centrSi. curtavi

bolnissa da rusTavs Soris, mdinareebis _ maSaverasa da xramis _ SesarTavTan mdebareobda.

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sibrZneSi. sxvagvarad SeuZlebelia, vinaidan mas unda Ses Zleboda

nawarmoebis gageba, rom wmindanis mowamebrivi Rvawlis Tanamonawiled

egrZno Tavi.

davakavSiroT

ukve SeZenili codnisa da gamocdilebis

axlTan dakavSireba

kidev erTxel miubrundiT mocemuli Tavis saTaurs. rogor fiqrobT,

ra aris Zaladoba? rodis aris, Tqveni azriT, Zaladoba uZluri (anu

risi miRweva ar SeiZleba ZaladobiT)?

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gavaanalizoT

mxatvruli analizis elementebi

I. avtori _ mTxrobeli _ personaJi. sityva avtori, ro melic la Tinuridan

momdinareobs da `moqmed subieqts~, `dam fuZnebels~, `mxatvru li

nawarmeobis SemTxzvels~ niSnavs, sxva dasxva mniSvnelobiT gamoiyeneba.

pirvel rigSi, is aRniSnavs na warmoebis Semqmnels _ konkretul adamians

Tavisi biografiiTa da xasiaTiT, anu avtors, rogorc pirovnebas. garda

amisa, am sityviT aRiniSneba `avtoris saxe~ nawarmoebSi, anu avtori, ro-

gorc personaJi (es maSin, rodesac mwerali Tavis TxzulebaSi sakuTar

Tavs asaxavs). da bolos, es sityva gamoiyeneba, rodesac vsaubrobT

avtorze, rogorc Semoqmedze, xelovanze, ostatze, romelic na warmoebis

yvela detalSi amJRavnebs Tavs.

avtori-personaJi amave dros nawarmoebSi gadmocemuli ambis mTxrobelicaa.

oRond im gansxvavebiT, rom mTxrobeli SeiZleba ubralo TviTmxilvelic

iyos, avtori-personaJi ki ambis aqtiuri monawilea.

iakob xucesi samive rolSi gvevlineba, igi nawarmoebis avtoricaa,

masSi gadmocemuli ambis mTxrobelic da personaJic. kiTxvis procesSi

daakvirdiT iakob xucess, rogorc nawarmoebis personaJs, da scadeT,

gamijnoT igi iakob xucesis, rogorc nawarmoebis avtorisagan.

II. gmiri da antigmiri. personaJis sinonimad xSi rad ga moiyeneba Sesityveba:

`literaturuli gmiri~. sityva `gmi ri~ personaJis dadebiT

rolze, mis gansakuTrebulobasa da gamorCeulobaze amaxvilebs yuradRebas.

gmiri mxatvrul nawarmoebSi gadmocemuli ambis centralu ri

figuraa. antagonisti ki is personaJia, romelic gmirs upirispirdeba.


hagiografiis mizania rwmenisa da idealebisaTvis Tavdadebuli ada­

mianis saxis Seqmna. Cveulebriv, mas erTi mTavari gmiri hyavs. mowames

gzaze xvdebian adamianebi, romlebic abrkoleben, an piri qiT, amxneveben,

TanaugrZnoben. isini mwerlis mTavar yuradRebas ver iqceven, magram ise

arian daxatuli, rom mkiTxvels Tavs amaxsovreben.

uaryofiTi personaJi, anu antigmiri, hagiografiul nawarmoebSi

mowamis saxis warmoCenas emsaxureba, masTan dapirispirebaSi ikveTeba

wmindanis Rvawli. hagiografiis mTavari gmiri mowamea da ara mtarvali.

aseTi xedva aris Sua saukuneebis ferweraSic. idealur gmirs saxiT

Cvensken Semobrunebuls xatavdnen, uaryofiT personaJebs ki profilSi

warmogvidgendnen. miiCneoda, rom xati, freska cxovelmyofel zemoqmedebas

axdenda mnaxvelze. amitom uaryofiT personaJs xatavdnen meore

planze, an misi saxis erT nawils gviCvenebdnen, raTa borotebasTan naklebi

kontaqti hqonoda adamians. magaliTad, iudas profilSi gamosaxavdnen.

uaryofiTi personaJebis xatvis es tradicia Semdegac gagrZelda (ix.

italiuri renesansis udidesi warmomadgenlebis _ jotos `iudas ambori~,

ticianis `keisris dinari~ da sxv.).

kiTxvis procesSi daakvirdiT, rogor migvaniSnebs avtori _ vin aris

nawarmoebSi gmiri da vin _ antigmiri.

gamoviyenoT

kiTxvis strategia

epoqis msoflmxedvelobis gaTvaliswineba. roca sxva epo qa Si Se ­

q m nil mxatvrul nawarmoebs kiTxulobT, aucileblad unda gaiT vliswinoT

im epoqis msoflmxedveloba. yvela nawarmoebi Tavisi drois

nayofia da, Sesabamisad, im dro indeli rwmenisa da msoflmxedvelobis

gaTvaliswinebis gareSe misi srulyofili gageba SeuZlebelia. gan sakuTrebiT

es ha giografiaze iTqmis.

hagiografiuli teqstebis gageba rom gagiioldeT, gul dasmiT waikiTxeT

saxelmZRvanelos Sesavalsa da am Tavis da sawyisSi mocemuli

paragrafebi: `adamianis ganviTarebis qris tianuli gza~ da `hagiografiis

mxatvruli bunebisaTvis~; ase ve, Tavad teqstebis kiTxvis dros yuradRebiT

gaecaniT Tan darTul komentarebs, romlebic leqsikuri

erT e ulebis gar da, msoflmxedvelobrivi, sarwmunoebrivi da kulturuli

realiebis ganmartebasac Seicaven.

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wamebaÁ wmidisa SuSanikisi

a aw damtkicebulad giTxra Tquen aRsasruli wmidisa

da sanatrelisa SuSanikisi.

I. iyo mervesa welsa sparsTa mefisasa. karad samefod

waremarTa varsqen pitiaxSi, ZÀ arSuSaÁsi. rameTu pirvel

igica iyo qristiane, naSobi mamisa da dedisa qristianeTaÁ,

damtkicebulad danamdvilebiT, darwmune

biT.

iyo mervesa welsa sparsTa mefisasa es

moxda sparsTa mefis mefobis merve wels

(igulisxmeba perozi, romelic me fobda

459-84 wlebSi).

pitiaxSi sparsuli samoxeleo termini,

erismTavari.

varsqen pitiaxSi qvemo qarTlis mmar-

Tveli V saukunis meore naxevarSi. qarT

lis sa mefo xelisuflebas dau pi rispirda

da irans miemxro, 482 w. vaxtang

gorgasalma moakvlevina.

arSuSa qvemo qarTlis pitiaxSi V saukunis

Sua wlebSi. mematianis TqmiT, `kaci

Wkviani da gamomrCeveli~. upirispirdebo

da iranis dampyroblur politikas.


da colad misa iyo asuli vardanisi, somexTa spaÁpetisaÁ,

mamisagan saxeliT vardan, da siyuaruliT _ saxeli misi

SuSanik, moSiSi RmrTisaÁ, viTarca-igi vTquT, siyrmiTgan

TÂsiT. da ukeTurebisa mis saxisa qmrisa misisaÁsa maradis

guls-etyÂn da evedrebin yovelTave locvis-yofad misTÂs,

raÁTamca cvala igi RmerTman saxisa misgan ugunurebisa da

iqmnamca gonierebasa qristÀssa.

xolo amis ubadrukisa da samgzis sawyalobelisa varsqenisi

viTar-me vin Tquas, yovlad ganwirulisaÁ, viTar-igi

ganagdo sanatreli sasoebaÁ qristÀsi?! anu vin ara stirodis

mas, romelsa arca Wiri exilva, arca SiSi, arca maxÂli, arca

pyrobilebaÁ qristÀsTÂs?!

rameTu raJams wardga igi winaSe sparsTa mefisa ara Tu

pativisa moRebisaTÂs, aramed ZRunad Tavsa TÂssa Seswirvida

mefisa mis mimarT uvaris-yofiTa WeSmaritisa RmrTisaÁTa da

Tayuanis-scemda cecxlsa, rameTu yovliT kerZove Tavi TÂsi

qristÀsgan ganagdo. xolo sawyalobeli ese colsa iTxovda

sparsTa mefisagan, raÁTamca saTno-eyo mefesa, da esreT

etyoda, viTarmed:

_ romeli-igi bunebiTi coli ars da Svilni, iginica

esreve movaqcine Sensa Sjulsa, viTarca-ese me.

amas uqadebda, romel-igi ara aqunda ÃelTa SuSanikisgan.

maSin ganixara mefeman da brZana colad misa asuli mefisaÁ.

vardani vardan mamikoniani, gamoCenili

so mexi sardali. saTaveSi Caudga iranis

wi naaRmdeg ajanyebas. daiRupa sparselebTan

brZo laSi.

spaÁpeti spaspeti, mxe darTmTavari.

ukeTurebisa mis saxisa qmrisa misisaÁsa

ma radis guls-etyÂn Tavisi qmris uke Turebas

guli sul ugrZnobda.

evedrebin yovelTave locvis-yofad

misTÂs yvelas evedreboda, rom elocaT

misTvis.

viTar-me vin Tquas rogor Tqvas vinmem.

Ta yuanis-scemda cecxlsa aRiarebda

cecxl Tayvanismcelobas, zoroastrizms.

yovliT kerZove savsebiT, mTlianad.

raÁTamca saT no-eyo mefesa rom Tavi moewo

nebina me fisaTvis.

bunebiTi coli kanonieri coli.

iginica... movaqcine maTac movaqcev

(maz de anur rjul ze).

uqadebda hpirdeboda, aRuTqvamda.

romeli-igi ara aqunda ÃelTa SuSa nikisgan

risi dasturic ar hqonda SuSanikisgan.

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davfiqrdeT, gavaanalizoT, SevafasoT:

1. ris Sesaxeb Txrobas gvpirdeba avtori? (cod.).

2. rodis xdeba nawarmoebSi gadmocemuli ambavi? (cod.)

3. Cans Tu ara teqstis mocemuli monakveTidan im konfliqtis arsi,

romelic nawarmoebSi unda ganviTardes? (pasuxi da asabuTeT)

(gag.).

4. amoicaniT Tu ara gmiri da antigmiri da, Tu amoicaniT, ra niSnis

(niSnebis) mixedviT? (gag.).

5. Cans Tu ara, rom meuRlis saqcieli SuSanikisaTvis mou lodneli

ar yofila? (gag.).

6. rogor ganmartavs avtori varsqenis saqciels? (cod.).

7. Sesaval statiaze (`V saukunis qarTli~), mocemuli monakveTis

Sinaarssa da teqstis komentarebze dayrdnobiT aRadgineT

nawarmoebSi gadmocemuli ambis istoriuli konteqsti (vin arian

aq moxseniebuli istoriuli pirebi, ra urTierTobaa qarTlsa

da sparseTs Soris, ra politikuri datvirTva eniWeba varsqenis

saqciels?) (sinT.Sef.).

8. rogor fiqrobT, ras unda niSnavdes nawarmoebis `da~ kavSiriT

dawyeba? (anal.).

II. da ijmna mefisagan sparsTaÁsa pitiaxSman. da viTarca

moiwia igi sazRvarTa qarTlisaTa, queyanasa mas hereTisasa,

zraxva-yo, raÁTa auwyos da wina miegebnen mas aznaurni,

da misni Zeni, da msaxurni misni, raÁTa maT gamo, viTarca

erTguli, soflad Sevides. da warmohmarTa sadiaspanoÁTa

cxeniTa monaÁ TÂsi, viTarmca movida dabasa, romelsa saxeli

hrqÂan curtav.

da viTarca moiwia da Sevida winaSe SuSanikisa, dedoflisa

Cuenisa, kiTxvaÁ hrqua. xolo sanatrelman SuSanik, viTarca

winaÁwarmetyuelman, hrqua:

ijmna wamovida.

qarTli pirveli qarTuli saxelmwifo

aRmosavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze.

Ca mo yalibda Zv.w. IV saukunis dasasruls.

na warmoebSi asaxul xanaSi, vaxtang gorgaslis

mefobis dros (V s.), qarTlis

samefos Semad genlobaSi moeqca dasavleTi

saq arTvelo da samxreT-dasavle-

Ti sa qar Tvelos nawili.

hereTi istoriuli mxare aRmosavleT

saqar TveloSi.

zraxva-yo ganizraxa.

aznaurni didebulebi.

sadiaspano cxeni sadespano, saSikriko

cxeni.

viTarmca movida rom mosuliyo.

kiTxvaÁ hrqua moikiTxa.


_ ukueTu suliTa cxovel ars igi, cocxalmca xarT igica

da Senca. ukueTu suliTa momkudar xarT, mokiTxvaÁ ege Seni

Sendave moiqecin!

xolo kacman man ver ikadra sityuad misa. xolo wmidaÁ

SuSanik afucebda da hkiTxvida damtkicebulad. xolo kacman

uTxra marTali da hrqua, viTarmed:

_ varsqen uvar-yo WeSmariti RmerTi.

viTarca esma netarsa SuSaniks, davarda igi queyanasa

zeda da Tavsa damarT scemda da cremliTa mwariTa ityoda:

_ sawyalobel iqmna ubadruki varsqen, rameTu uvaryo

WeSmariti RmerTi da aRiara atroSani da SeerTo igi

uRmrToTa.

da aRdga da dauteva taZari TÂsi da RmrTis moSiSebiT

eklesiad Sevida, da Tana miiyvanna samni igi Zeni misni da

erTi asuli, da waradginna igini winaSe sakurTxevelsa, da

esreT ilocvida da ityoda:

afucebda aficebda.

hkiTxvida damtkicebulad CaZiebiT, da-

JinebiT ekiTxeboda.

damarT Zirs, dabla.

atroSani cecxlTayvanismcemloba, maz-

deanoba (Zvel iranSi, agreTve ma Sindel

axlo da Sua aRmosavleTSi gavrcelebuli

religia).

SeerTo SeuerTda.

taZari aq: sasaxle.

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_ ufalo RmerTo, Senni mocemulni arian da Sen daicven

eseni.

da viTarca mwuxrisa Jami aRasrules, saxlaki erTi mcire

pova maxlobelad eklesiasa da Sevida mun Sina simwariTa

savsÀ da mieyrdna yuresa erTsa da mwariTa cremliTa

tiroda.

III. xolo episkoposi igi saxlisa mis pitiaxSisaÁ, romelsa

saxeli erqua afoc, ara mun iyo, aramed kacisa visame

wmidisa vanad misrul iyo kiTxvad raÁsme sityÂsa. da meca,

xucesi dedoflisa SuSanikisi, Tana vhyvandi episkopossa mas.

da myis moiwia Cuenda diakoni SinaÁT da gÂTxra Cuen ese

yoveli: moslvaÁ pitiaxSisaÁ da saqmeni dedoflisani. xolo

Cuen aRvivseniT mwuxarebiTa da didiTa tiriliTa vtirodeT

ganmwarebulni codvaTa CuenTa warmoCinebisaTÂs.

mwuxrisa Jami aRasrules saRamos locva

aRavlines.

saxlaki senaki.

yure kuTxe.

vani saxli, samyofeli.

SinaÁT Sinidan.

codvaTa GuenTa warmoGinebisaTÂs Cveni

codvebis gamoCenisTvis. sasuliero

pirebs miaCniaT, rom varsqenis rjulgadasvliT

kidev erTxel gamovlinda

ada mianis codvili buneba.


xolo me vijmen adre da miviwie dabasa mas, romelsa iyo

netari SuSanik. da viTarca vixile igi ganmwarebuli, meca

vtirode mis Tanave da varqu netarsa SuSaniks:

_ Ruawlsa didsa Seslvad xar, dedofalo. ekrZale sarwmunoebasa

qristÀssa, nuukue mterman, viTarca srsÂlman, sa-

Zovari poos Sen Tana.

xolo wmidaman SuSanik mrqua me:

_ xuces, da meca didsa Ruawlsa ganmzadebul var.

da me varqu mas:

_ egrÀT ars. mÃne iyav, moTmine da sulgrZel!

xolo man mrqua me:

_ Cemda martoÁsa arian Wirni ese.

xolo me varqu mas:

_ Wiri Seni Wiri Cueni ars da sixaruli Seni sixaruli

Cueni ars. Cueni ara xolo Tu dedofali oden iyav, aramed

Cuen yovelTa, viTarca SvilTa, guxedevd.

da varqu me sanatrelsa mas xuaSiadadre:

_ viTar gegulebis, miTxar me, raÁTa uwyodi da aRvwe ro

SromaÁ Seni.

xolo man mrqua me:

_ raÁsa mkiTxav amas?

da me miuge da varqu mas:

_ mtkiced sdgaa?

da man mrqua me:

_ nu iyofin Cemda, Tumca veziare saqmeTa da codvaTa

varsqenisTa!

me miuge da varqu mas:

_ mware gonebaÁ aqus mas, guemasa da tanjvasa didsa

Segagdos Sen.

Ruawlsa didsa Seslvad xar didi gansacdeli

mogelis.

ekrZale gaufrTxildi.

nuukue vaiTu.

mteri igulisxmeba mteri RvTisa, eSmaki.

srsÂli sirsvili (kanis daavadebaa),

`ÃorcT mZoari~ (saba).

saZovari poos sazrdo naxos, ixeiros.

egrÀT ars asea.

moTmine momTmeni, tanjvis damTmeni.

xuaSiadad-re saidumlod, dafarulad.

viTar gegulebis rac gulSi gaqvs, rasac

apireb.

raÁTa uwyodi rom vicode.

SromaÁ Rvawli.

mtkiced sdgaa? mtkiced dgaxar?

nu iyofin Gemda ficis formulaa. niSnavs:

RmerTma damifaros! RmerTma nu

qnas!

Tumca veziare rom veziaro.

mware gonebaÁ aqus gaborotebulia.

33


34

xolo man mrqua me:

_ umjobÀs ars Cemda ÃelTa misTagan sikudili, vidre

Cemi da misi SekrebaÁ da warwymedaÁ sulisa CemisaÁ; rameTu

masmies me pavlÀs mociqulisagan: `ara damonebul ars ZmaÁ

gina daÁ, aramed ganeyenen~.

da me vTqu:

_ egreT ars.

da vidre Cuen amas sityuasa Sina viyveniT, kaci erTi

SekrebaÁ SeerTeba.

masmies msmenia, gamigonia.

pavle mociquli sxva mociqulTagan gansxvavebiT,

pavle sicocxleSi ar damowafebia

da arc Sehxvedria macxovars, metic, is

qristes mimdevarTa moZule iyo. qristes

gza ze Sedgomamde igi iyo savle (sauli),

romaeli didgvarovani q. tarsidan. qristi

anTa dasarbevad damaskoSi mimavalma

sa ulma ixila zeciuri naTeli da Caesma

macxovris xma: `saul, saul, raÁsa mdevni

me?~ igi sam dRes mkvdariviT gonmixdili

iyo. misi arseba SeiZra, mokvda Zveli

adamiani da gaiRviZa axalma adamianma.

savle pavled iqca. qristianTa mdevneli

qristes mociquli gaxda.

ZmaÁ gina daÁ Zma an da (ase mimarTavdnen

qris tianuli mrevlis wevr mamakacsa da

qals).

ara damonebul ars ZmaÁ gina daÁ, aramed

ganeyenen es aris pavle mociqulis korin

TelTa mimarT pirvel epistoleSi

ga moTqmuli azri, romlis mixedviT, Tu

ur wmuno meuRle morwmune meuRlisagan

ar moiqceva qristes rjulze, maSin

ganSoreba jobs; morwmunis neba

Tavisufalia, igi da monebuli ar aris.


sparsi movida da Sevida igi winaSe netarisa SuSanikisa da

tiriliT ityoda:

_ eseviTari saxli mSÂdobisaÁ viTar sawyalobel iqmna

da sixaruli mwuxarebad gardaiqca!

xolo zraxviTa iyo igi varsqenisiTa da zakuviT ityoda

amas da unda monadirebaÁ netarisaÁ mis. xolo wmidaman man cna

zakuviTi igi zraxvaÁ misi da moizRuda Tavi misi mtkiced.

davfiqrdeT, gavaanalizoT, SevafasoT:

1. sad SeCerda sparseTidan mobrunebuli varsqeni da ratom? (cod.).

2. raze migvaniSnebs avtoris komentari: `viTarca erTguli soflad

Sevides~? (gag.).

3. rogor gesmiT `suliTa cxovel~ da `suliTa momkudar~? (gag.).

4. ra damokidebulebas amJRavnebs SuSaniki rwmenaSecvlili qmris

mimarT (rogor moixseniebs mas)? (gag.).

5. rodis Cndeba nawarmoebSi avtori, rogorc moqmedi piri (anu

rodis moixseniebs is Tavis Tavs pirveli piris nacvalsxeliT) da

vin aris igi? (cod.).

6. saidan Cans, rom avtors imTaviTve hqonda ganzraxuli SuSanikis

Rvawlis aRwera? (cod.).

7. mowamisaTvis aucilebel romel sam Tvisebaze gaumaxvila xucesma

SuSaniks yuradReba? (cod.).

8. rogor fiqrobT, ras niSnavs SuSanikis sityvebi _ `Cemda martoÁsa

arian Wirni ese~? (gag.).

9. vis sityvebs imowmebs SuSaniki (gadmoeciT es sityvebi Tanamedrove

qarTuliT) da ris uflebas aZlevs es miTiTeba mas? (cod.).

10. rogor fiqrobT, vin unda iyos `kaci erTi sparsi~ da mis ra

farul zraxvaze migvaniSnebs avtori? (gag.).

11. risi Tqma SeiZleba dedoflisa da misi sulieri moZRvris

urTierTobaze am epizodis mixedviT? (Sef.).

unda monadireba netarisaÁ mis undoda

ne taris (SuSanikis) gulis mogeba.

mozRuda Tavi Sors daiWira Tavi.

35


36

IV. da Semdgomad samisa dRisa movida varsqen pitiaxSi.

da uTxra sparsman man farulad da hrqua:

_ me viTar micnobies, coli Seni gandgomil ars Sengan.

da me gety Sen: nu ras ficxelsa sityuasa ety mas, rameTu

dedaTa bunebaÁ iwro ars.

da xvalisa dRÀ viTar aRdga pitiaxSi, gÂwoda Cuen,

xucesTa, da mivediT. da sixaruliT SegÂmTxÂvna da gurqua

Cuen:

_ aw nuras meridebiT me da nucaRa gZag.

da Cuen miugeT da varquT:

_ warswymide Tavi Seni da Cuenca warguwymiden.

maSinRa iwyo sityuad da Tqua:

_ raÁsa Ãel-iwifa Cem zeda colman Cemman eseviTarisa

saqmed? aw mivediT da arquT, viTarmed: Sen Cemi xati

daamÃu, da sagebelsa Cemsa nacari gardaasx, da Seni adgili

dagitevebies da sxuad warsrul xar.

iwro SeWirvebuli, mwuxare, wuxilis ganmcdeli

(iwroeba gasaWiri, SeWirveba).

SegÂmTxÂvna Segvxvda, Segvegeba.

raÁsa Ãel-iwifa Gem zeda colman Gemman

eseviTarisa saqmed? ra ufleba hqonda

Cems cols, ase momqceoda?

xati aq: kera, ojaxis Rirseba.

daamÃu daamxe, daaqcie.

sagebelsa Gemsa nacari gardaasx Cemi

sa receli Seuracxyavi, meuRleoba uaryavi.


xolo wmidaman SuSanik Tqua:

_ ara Tu me aRmemarTa xati igi da memca davamÃu. xolo

mamaman Senman aRhmarTna samartÂleni da eklesiani aRaSenna

da Sen mamisa Senisa saqmeni ganhryunen da sxuad gardaaqcien

keTilni misni; mamaman Senman wmidani Semoixuna saxid TÂsa,

xolo Sen devni Semoixuen, man RmerTi caTaÁ da queyanisaÁ

aRiara da hrwmena, xolo Sen RmerTi WeSmariti uvar-hyav da

cecxlsa Tayuanis-ec. da viTarca Sen Semoqmedi Seni uvar-hyav,

egreca me Sen Seuracx-gyav. da Tu mravali tanjvaÁ moawio

Cem zeda, me ara veziaro saqmeTa SenTa.

xolo Cuen ese yoveli miuTxarT pitiaxSsa. xolo man

ganiwyo guli da ibrdRuenda misTÂs.

V. merme miavlina jojik, ZmaÁ TÂsi, da coli jojikisi, Zmis

coli TÂsi, da episkoposi saxlisa TÂsisaÁ da hrqua maT:

_ esreT arquT: aRdeg da moved adgilsa TÂssa da nu

egeviTari gonebaÁ gipyries. ukueTu ara, TreviT mogiTrio!

da viTar miiwines da Sevides winaSe dedoflisa da

mravalsa dasajerebelsa sityuasa etyodes mas, maSin wmidaman

SuSanik hrqua maT:

_ kacno brZenno, Tquen keTilad ityÂT, garna nu

dagijerebies, Tumca me misa colad-Ra viyav? megona me,

viTarmed igi Cemda movaqcio da RmerTi WeSmariti aRiaros,

da aw me maiZulebT amas yofad? nu iyofin ese Cemda! da Sen,

jojik, arRara Cemi mazli xar, da arcaRa me Seni Zmis coli,

samartÂle martvilTa saxelze agebuli

sam locvelo.

martvili mowame. berZnuli war momav

lobis sityvaa da Tavdapirvelad

aRniSnavda mow mes, dammowmebels. Semdeg

mieniWa wamebulis mniSvnelobac.

martvili qristes hbaZavda, mas emo wmeboda,

masaviT daiTmenda tanjvas. sarwmunoebisaTvis

Tavdadebuli adamiani raki

emowmeboda macxovris tanjvas, amitom

`mowame~ (mowme) amave dros wamebulic,

tan julic iyo.

saqmeni ganhryunen (saqme ganhryuen)

namoq medari waaxdine.

sxuad gardaaqcien keTilni misni Secvale

misi keTili saqmeebi.

wmidani Semoixuna saxid TÂsa wmindanebi

Semoikriba, Semoiyvana saxlSi.

devni Semoixuen eSmakebi, uwmidurni Semo

ikribe.

hrwmena irwmuna.

ganiwyo guli guli mouvida, gajavrda.

ibr dRvenda misTvis brdRvinavda, brazobda

masze.

episkoposi saxlisa TÂsisaÁ igulisxme -

ba sasaxlis karis episkoposi afoci.

nu egeviTari goneba gipyries gons modi,

gons moege.

garna oRond.

Tumca.. colad-Ra viyav? kidev coli

viqnebi.

37


44

5. vin Sevida SuSanikis sanaxavad da am personaJis ra Tvisebaze

metyvelebs es faqti? (cod. Sef.).

6. ganmarteT SuSanikis sityvebi: `sisxli ese ganmwmedel ars

codvaTa CemTa~ (gag.).

7. romel epizodSi Cans nawarmoebis avtoris saxeli? (cod.).

8. SeadareT erTmaneTs SuSanikisa da varsqenis damokidebuleba

sadedoflo samkaulebis mimarT. rogor fiqrobT, ra ganapirobebs

maT amgvar damokidebulebas? (anal.Sef.).

es sainteresoa!

daakvirdiT mocemul gamosaxulebas. es aris saflavis stela, romelic

saberZneTSia aRmoCenili da Zveli welTaRricxvis V saukuniT

TariRdeba. masze gamosaxulia warCinebuli qalbatoni, saxelad ge geso,

moaxlesTan erTad. rogorc Cans, moqandakem gardacvlili qalbatonis

si cocxlesTan gamoTxovebis scena gamosaxa: qalbatoni naRvliani saxiT

dahyurebs samkaulebiT savse zardaxSidan amoRebul beWeds.

gaixseneT sadedoflo samkaulebis ambavi `SuSanikis wamebidan~. rogor

fiqrobT, SeiZleba Tu ara am or kerZo SemTxvevaze dayrd nobiT,

vimsjeloT, rom samkauli aris wuTisoflis siameTa simbolo. rogor

gesaxebaT, wuTisoflisadmi ra damokidebuleba mJRavndeba samkaulTa

daTmobis am or epizodSi?


t e q s t i s w a k i T x v i s S e m d e g

davfiqrdeT, gavaanalizoT, SevafasoT:

1. vin arian iakob xucesis nawarmoebis perosnaJebi? is toriuli pirovnebebi

arian isini, Tu mwerlis fantaziiT SeTx zulni? SuSanikisa

da varsqenis garda, kidev vis vxedavT nawarmo eb Si? (cod.).

2. sad xdeba nawarmoebSi aRwerili moqmedeba? kidev romeli geografiuli

adgilebia masSi naxsenebi? (cod.).

3. gaixseneT da CamoTvaleT teqstSi naxsenebi wminda wignebi. sa suliero

wodebebi da socialuri fenebi. (cod.).

4. sparseTis romeli mtris winaaRmdeg ibrZvis varsqeni? (cod.).

5. romeli personaJebi warmoTqvamen qvemoT moxmobil frazebs?

mouZebneT TiToeul maTgans konteqsti. (cod.).

a. `he, he, ganisuene!~

b. `mtkiced sdgaa?~

g. `uwess pitiaxSi~;

d. `nuraraÁ gglian~;

e. `mtki...~

6. rogor gesmiT: `meaTerTmete moqmedi venaxisaÁ~? ratom moixseni ebs

Tavis Tavs ase SuSaniki? (gag.).

7. SuSanikisagan gansxvavebiT, varsqeni nawarmoebSi arsad ar asa buTebs

sakuTar pozicias. rogor axsniT am faqts? (gag.).

8. ra braldebas uyenebs SuSaniki varsqens? (gag.).

9. vTqvaT, mxatvari xarT da `SuSanikis wamebis~ dasuraTeba ga dawy viteT.

romel epizodebs SearCevdiT? (anal.).

10. warmoidgineT Tavi SuSanikis epoqaSi. ra kiTxvebs dausvamdiT varsqens,

iakob xucess, jojiks? (anal.).

11. rogor fiqrobT, SuSanikis Tavdadeba mxolod pirovnuli mniSv nelobis

mqonea (mowame TviTsrulyofas mieswrafvis), Tu mis saqciels

sazogadoebrivi mniSvnelobac aqvs? (pasuxi daasabuTeT) (Sef.).

mxatvruli analizis elementebi

avtori _ mTxrobeli _ personaJi

12. vin aris nawarmoebSi gadmocemuli ambis mTxrobeli?

13. daaxasiaTeT iakob xucesi, rogorc personaJi.

57


kiTxvis strategia

gaviTvaliswinoT epoqis msoflmxedveloba

14. daasaxeleT nawarmoebidan romelime adgili, mxatvruli saxe an

gamonaTqvami, romelic epoqis msoflmxedvelobis gaTvaliswine bis

gareSe TqvenTvis gaugebari darCeboda.

58

damatebiTi amocanebi

davfiqrdeT literaturis bunebaze

waikiTxeT ana kalandaZis usaTauro leqsi:

roca sxivi gansasvenad

yvavilebiT TeTr gvirgvinebs

eaxleba da yvavili

saalersod rtoebs gaSlis,

ymai erTi miadgeba ucxo senaks,

`_ rai ginebs?~

`_ xuces, giwess pitiaxSi~.

`SuSanikis wamebis~ romeli epizodiT aris es leqsi STagonebuli? rogor

fiqrobT, ratom warmoadgina poetma es epizodi, rogorc mravalgzis ganmeorebadi

moqmedeba _ `roca sxivi... eaxleba... miadgeba~, rogorc maradiuli

awmyo da ara, rogorc ukve dasrulebuli, warsuli ambavi?

zepiri metyveleba

imsjeleT, SeiZleba Tu ara vuwodoT SuSaniks `zneobrivi gmiri~?

arian Tu ara zneobrivi gmirebi dRes? vis SeiZleba vuwodoT Cvens droSi

zneobrivi gmiri?

moamzadeT zepiri gamosvla Temaze: `vis SeiZleba ewodos gmiri Cvens

droSi~.

ar dagaviwydeT !

Tqveni msjeloba unda Seicavdes Teziss, anu debulebas, romlis

dasabuTebasac apirebT, Tqveni debulebis dasasabuTebel argumentebs, da

daskvnas, romelic dakavSirebuli iqneba TezisTan.


gaixseneT da gadmoeciT yvela is epizodi, sadac Cans `kaci erTi sparsi~,

SeafaseT TiToeul SemTxvevaSi misi saqcieli da gamoitaneT daskvna:

a. vin SeiZleboda yofiliyo es kaci da ra rols asrulebs igi qarTlis

pitiaxSis karze?

b. risi Tqma surs avtors am personaJze yuradRebis gamaxvilebiT?

SeafaseT jojikis saqcieli da imsjeleT: Tu SeniSneT cvlileba mis

pirovnebaSi?

imsjeleT Temaze: iakob xucesi, rogorc nawarmoebis avtori da personaJi.

moiSvelieT Semdegi gegma:

• vin aris iakob xucesi da sad, romel epizodSi Cndeba igi pirvelad

rogorc nawarmoebis personaJi?

• romeli epozodidan xdeba CvenTvis cnobili nawarmoebis avtoris

saxeli?

• ra mizani amoZravebs mas SuSanikTan pirveli dialogis mixedviT?

• iakobi purobis Semdeg nagvem dedofalTan (komentari);

• rogor axasiaTebs iakobs misi emocia cixeSi nawamebi dedoflis naxvis

Semdeg?

• kidev rodis Cndeba iakobi dedoflis gverdiT?

• romeli epizodebidan Cans SuSanikis damokidebuleba iako bi sadmi?

• rogoria iakobis, rogorc avtoris, damokidebuleba sxva per sonaJebisadmi?

• ra aris iakobis, rogorc hagiografis, mizani SuSanikis Rvawlis aRwerisas?

kidev erTxel gadaxedeT am Tavis sawyis gverdze moxmobil citatas.

rogor fiqrobT, ra kavSirSia is Tqvens mier Seswavlil nawarmoebTan?

59


es sainteresoa!

1983 wlis 15 noembers Tbilisis zaqaria faliaSvilis saxelobis

operisa da baletis TaetrSi uCveulo premiera Sedga. mayurebelma ixila

hagiografiuli nawarmoebis mixedviT dadgmuli pirveli qarTuli

sa opero speqtakli `iyo mervesa welsa...~

musikis avtori _ biZina kvernaZe, libreto da dadgma robert sturu

asi, diriJori jansuR kaxiZe, _ ewera afiSaze.

saopero speqtaklma sazogadoebis araerTgvarovani reaqcia gamoiwvia.

biZina kvernaZis musikam yvela aRafrTovana, samagierod kritikis qarcecxli

daatyda Tavs libretos (scenaris) avtorsa da speqtaklis damdgmel

reJisors.

waikiTxeT qvemoT moyvanili recenzia da gaarkvieT, ram gamoiwvia mayureblis

kritikuli damokidebuleba libretos avtorisa da damdgmeli

reJisoris mimarT?

60

nana qavTaraZe

pasionebi, anu ori `SuSanikis wameba~

(nawyvetebi)

biZina kvernaZis opera `iyo mervesa welsa~ Tematikis, saxeebis, musikaluri

enis da dramaturgiis originalobis TvalsazrisiT qar­

Tuli saopero xelovnebis axali sityvaa. es aris hagiografiuli nawarmoebis

mixedviT dawerili pirveli qarTuli opera, romlis bgeraTa

samyaroSi am saxis literaturis suli da koloriti trialebs. operis

I moqmedebis safuZvlad aRebulma iakob curtavelis moTxrobis

teqstma Tavidan bolomde gansazRvra musikis emociuri toni, saCino

gaxada literaturuli wyaros zogierTi intonacia: ada mianuri siTbo

da tkivilebi, siwminde, sulis simartove, Zala da amaRleba, qarTlis

bedTan pirovnebis mimarTebis dramatuli simZafre.

hagiografiulma safuZvelma garkveuli zemoqmedeba moaxdina agre

Tve musikaluri dramaturgiis axali modelis Camoyalibebaze. hagiografiuli

literaturis msgavsad, kvernaZis operasac SeiZleba vuwodoT

`erTi gmiris nawarmoebi~. operis centrSi dgas SuSanikis saxe,

romlis irgvliv ganfenilia musikaluri dramaturgiis mTe li sivrce,

misi Semadgeneli yvela elementi. operis danarCeni per sonaJebi TiTqos

mxolod imdenad arseboben, ramdenadac saWironi ari an SuSanikis sulieri

samyaros mravalmxrivobis, misi tragediis gadmosacemad...

SuSanikis saxis yvelaze Zlieri musikaluri gamoxatulebaa lait­

Temaze agebuli misi `locva~. es aris SuSanikis amaRlebuli ganwyobis

musikaluri portreti, romelic mowamebrivi suliTaa gamsWvaluli.

biZina kvernaZem igi TiTqos qarTul freskebze asaxuli vedrebis


motivis Zlieri gancdiT dawera. am qarTul miniaturul `ave­marias~

Saravandedad efineba kaTarsisuli siwminde, maRali sulis martoobis

tkivili, aRsarebis intimis siTbo...

rogoria am operis libreto da reJisoruli gadawyveta? pirvel

yovlisa, unda iTqvas, rom libretos avtori da reJisori erTi da

igive pirovnebaa. robert sturuas miznad ar dausaxavs curtavelis

moTxrobis inscenireba, man gamoiyena mxolod misi motivebi, misca

mas Tanamedrove JReradoba da, cxadia, rogorc yvela libretisti,

isic uflebamosili iyo, Seeqmna Tavisi ideur­mxatvruli koncefcia.

am koncefcias ki gamoxatavs iakob curtavelis teqstze dawerili I

moqmedebisa da robert sturuas teqstze agebuli II moqmedebis libretoebis

Sepirispireba. meore mxriv, msmenelis mwvave reaqcias swored

libretos is nawili iwvevs, romelSic robert sturuam mkveTrad

`gadauxvia~ curtavelis moTxrobisagan.

sami novelisagan Semdgar II moqmedebaSi iakob xucesi, rogorc pilate,

`samsjavros~ scenas gaiTamaSebs, romlis monawilenic arian

sulebi. isini SuSanikis martvilobis TavianT versias gviamboben, Tayvans

scemen da adideben mis saxels. SuSaniki ki uaryofs yvelafers:

`SeCerdiT, xalxno, momigones, ar daijeroT!~ Turme SuSanikis tragedia

ojaxis ngreva da varsqenis dakargva yofila, varsqenis gamazdeaneba ki

samSobloze zrunvis aucileblobas gaupirobebia: `ugunuria xalxi, ar

esmis simZime mefeTa xvedris~, _ ambobs varsqeni.

amgvarad, libretos mixedviT, I moqmedebaSi Cvens winaSea Zlieri sulis,

mtkice rwmenis SuSanikis _ mowamis saxe, II moqmedebaSi ki sturuaseuli

SuSaniki amsxvrevs im fenomens, romelic Tavis warmodgenaSi curtavelis

moTxrobis mravali Taobis qarTvelma mkiTx velma Seqmna...

scenebi saopero speqtaklidan

`iyo mervesa welsa~.

SuSaniki - m. maRlaferiZe,

xucesi - z. anjafariZe

reJisori da scenaris avtori, romelic scenars mxatvruli nawarmoebis

mixedviT qmnis, upirveles yovlisa, am nawarmoebis mkiTx velia.

rogor fiqrobT, aqvs Tu ara mkiTxvels ufleba, Taviseburad, sxvebisagan

gansxvavebulad waikiTxos (gaigos, aRiqvas) mxatvruli nawarmoebi?

61


saganTaSorisi kavSirebi

saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemuli `SuSanikis wamebis~ teqsti ilust ri ­

rebulia Tanamedrove mxatvris, mamia malazonias, mier. mxatvari aSkarad

Suasaukuneebis religiuri Sinaarsis saxviTi xelovnebiT aris

STagonebuli.

daakvirdiT Suasaukuneebis xatwerisa da freskuli mxatvrobis ni ­

muSebs. maTze qristeSobisa da iesos ierusalimSi Sesvlis scenebia gamosaxuli.

SeadareT isini `SuSanikis wamebis~ teqstis 31 da 54­e gverdebze

ganTavsebul ilust raciebs:

ra saerTo detalebs xedavT am namuSevrebSi? ra aiRo mxatvarma

Suasaukuneebis religiuri mxatvrobis kanonikuri (savaldebulo) scenebidan

da, Tqveni azriT, ra simboluri datvirTva mianiWa man am detalebs?

62

RvTismSoblis xatis detalebi. zarzma. XI s.


atenis sioni. XI s.

mxeri. XIV s.

63


64

weriTi samuSao

dawereT moTxrobis dasawyisi, sadac aSkarad gamoikveTeba ori

dapirispirebuli personaJi. gamoiye neT maTi warmoCenis sxvadasxva

xerxi: aRwereT am personaJebis ga moCena nawarmoebSi (anu maTi

moqmedeba), qceva da metyveleba. Se giZliaT pirdapiri daxasiaTebis

xerxsac mimarToT. Txroba SewyviteT maSin, roca CaTvliT, rom

mkiTxvels ukve advilad SeuZlia amoicnos am or personaJSi gmiri

da antigmiri, agreTve maT Soris mosalodneli konfliqtis xasiaTi.

waikiTxeT Tqveni naweri klasSi (an waukiTxeT mewyviles) da

gadaeciT moTxroba partniors dasamTavreblad.

dasrulebuli moTxrobis wakiTxvis an mosmenis Semdeg, imsjeleT,

ramdenad sworad amoicno mewyvilem Tqveni Canafiqri da

moulodneli iyo Tu ara moTxrobaSi konfliqtis Semdgomi gan vi-

Tareba da dasasruli.

davaleba SeiZleba SeasruloT wyvilebSi an jgufebSi.

dawereT ese: `gmiri Sua saukuneebis hagiografiul nawarmoebebSi da

Gvens TanamedroveobaSi~ an: `gmiri da antigmiri dRes~, romelSic

gadmoscemT Tqvens azrs imis Sesaxeb, Tu vin migaCniaT gmirad an

antigmirad Tanamedrove samyaroSi (SegiZliaT imsjeloT, rogorc

Tanamedrove literaturul an kinogmirebze, ise realuri cxovrebidan

aRebul magaliTebze).

o r T o g r a f i a

teqstis ena

damatebiTi asoniSnebi Zveli qarTulisaTvis

Tqven ukve icnobT or gansxvavebul asoniSans, romlebic Zveli qarTuli

teqstebis werilobiT gadmosacemad gamoiyeneba, esenia: Á da Ã.

kidev or gansxvavebul asoniSans unda mivaqcioT yuradReba Zveli

teqstebis kiTxvisas:

1. uTuod SeamCnevdiT, rom zog iseT sityvaSi, romelSic dRes v iwereba

da gamoiTqmis, Zvelad u asoniSani iwereboda: Tuali, Zuali, sxua, Zue li,

quabi, dasua, hrqua da sxv.

magram am SemTxvevebSi es asoniSani u xmovnad ar unda wavikiTxoT. es

aris v –s msgavsi wyvilbagismieri Tanxmovani (orive bagis monawileobiT


Zvel qarTulSi ki ase ar iyo. daakvirdiT: SuSanikis senakSi mosuli yrma

ikiTxavs:

_ iakob manda arsa?

TxrobiT kiloSi iqneboda: `iakob manda ars~. e.i. kiTxvas Zvel qarTulSi

_a daboloeba (ars-a) gadmoscems.

romelia kiTxvis gamomxatveli niSani winadadebaSi: `_ mtkiced sdgaa?~

moZebneT msgavsi magaliTebi.

`ra T a~ da `ra T amca~

Zveli qarTuli teqstebis kiTxvisas uTuod SeamCnevdiT, rom sxvadaxva

adgilas orive kavSiri gamoiyeneba: raÁTa da raÁTamca.

magram maTi gamoyenebisas aucilebelia davakvirdeT am wevr-kavSirebTan

Sewyobil zmnebsac da aRmovaCenT, rom pirvels kavSirebiTi kilos mwkrivebi

Seewyoba, xolo meores _ TxrobiTi kilos mwkrivebi:

raÁTa ganawesos.

raÁTamca ganawesa.

orive niSnavs: `rom ganawesos.~ –mca nawilaki (raÁTa-mca) TviTon aris

matarebeli kavSirebiTis Sinaarsisa.

d a v a l e b a : axla SegiZliaT damoukideblad daZebnoT raÁTa, raÁTamca

kavSirebis winadadebebi da daakvirdeT, romeli mwkrivis formebi Seexameba

maT.

e n i s i s t o r i a

iakob xucesis xelnawers rom Gvenamde moeRwia

`SuSanikis wameba~ V saukunis literaturuli Zeglia, magram misi xelnawerebi

mxolod gviandeli periodisaa moRweuli.

sainteresoa, rogori iqneboda es teqsti, TviT iakob xucesis xeliT

dawerili rom gvexila?

rogorc mecnierebma daadgines, Semdegdroindeli xelnawerebisagan mTavari

ganmasxvavebeli iqneboda is, rom pirvandeli teqsti xanmeti iqneboda,

iseTive, rogoric aris palestinis udabnos monastris, bolnisis sionis da

sxva uadresi warwerebi.

xanmeti niSnavs imas, rom yvelgan, sadac ki unda iyos meore subieqturi

an mesame obieqturi piris niSani, maSin iqneboda x _ TavsarTi:

II subieqturi: Sen x-wer, x-akeTeb, x-cem...

III obieqturi: igi mas x-wers, man mas x-rqua...

67


agreTve vnebiTebi: x-iyo, x-iqmna...

aseve zedsarTavis aRmatebiTi xarisxis formebi: x-udideÁs-i (udidesi), xumaRleÁs-i

(umaRlesi), x-ufroÁs-i (ufrosi)...

amis gaTvaliswinebiT, SegviZlia `SuSanikis wamebis~ pirvandeli teqsti

aRvadginoT:

da xijmna mefisagan sparsTaÁsa pitiaxSman. da viTarca moxiwia igi

sazRvarTa qarTlisaTa queyanasa mas hereTisasa, zraxva-yo, raÁTa xauwyos da

wina moxegebnen mas aznaurni, da misni Zeni, da msaxurni misni, raÁTa maT gamo

viTarca erTguli soflad Sevides. da warmoxmarTa sadiaspanoÁTa cxeniTa

monaÁ Tvisi, viTarmca movida dabasa, romelsa saxeli xrqvian curtav.

d a v a l e b a :

1. romelia am teqstSi xanmeti formebi da ras gamoxatavs maTSi x _

TavsarTi?

2. aRadgineT xanmeti formebi `SuSanikis wamebis~ Semdeg fragmentSi:

`da raJams Semwuxrda, mouwodes colsa jojikisasa da inebes erTad

purisa WamaÁ, raÁTamca moiyvanes wmidaÁ SuSanikca. da viTarca moiwia Jami

purisaÁ, Sevides jojik da coli misi winaSe wmidisa SuSanikisa, raÁTamca

masca aWames puri, rameTu yovelni igi dReni uzmasa gardaevlnes. da viTarca

metad aiZules, da ZliT wariyvanes taZrad, xolo gemoÁ araraÁsaÁ ixila.

xolo colman jojikisaman miarTua RÂnoÁ WiqiT da aiZulebda mas, raÁTamca

igi xolo Sesua. hrqua mas wmidaman SuSanik risxviT:

_ odes yofil ars aqamomde, Tumca mamaTa da dedaTa erTad eWama puri?!

da ganyara Ãeli da WiqaÁ igi pirsa Sealewa da RÂnoÁ igi daiTxia~.

es sainteresoa!

sityva xucesi, romelic SiSanikis epoqaSi mRvdels aRniSnavs, warmoSobiT

xanmeti forma yofila, kerZod, aRmatebiTi xarisxis forma (x-uceÁs) da igi

imaves aRniSnavda, rasac Semdegdroindeli xarisxis forma uxucesi.

68


m o v e m z a d o T t e q s t i s

w a s a k i T x a d

wamebaÁ wmidisa da netarisa haboÁsi

ioane sabanisZe

avtori

`abos wameba~ arabTa batonobis dros, qarTvelTa didi gansacdelis

Jams dawerili hagiografiuli nawarmoebia. man Cvenamde IX saukunis xelnaweriT

moaRwia.

nawarmoebs wamZRvarebuli aqvs avtorisa da samoel qarTlis ka­

Talikosis mimowera. swored es mimowera gvawvdis cnobebs hagiografis

Sesaxeb.

qarTlis kaTalikosi samoeli sTxovs ioane sabanisZes, aRweros maTi

Tanamedrovis, abos, martviloba. igi ioanes miiCnevs RvTismosav, Rrmad

ganswavlul pirovnebad da miandobs abos Rvawlis asaxvas, raTa es

naSromi daidos eklesiaSi wamebulis mosaxseneblad da STamomavlobis

gasamxneveblad.

ioane sabanisZes mZime tvirTad miuCnevia kaTalikosis Txovna, magram

uari ver Seubedavs da didi mokrZalebiT Sesdgomia am sapatio davalebis

Sesrulebas.

ioane sabanisZe, sxva hagiografebis msgavsad, marTlad aRwers wmin ­

danis Rvawls. amas xels uTuod isic uwyobda, rom igi abos ara mxolod

icnobda, masTan sulieri siaxlove, qristesmieri siyvaruli akav­

Sirebda.

avtoris Sesaxeb, am mimoweris garda, araviTari sxva cnoba ar mogvepoveba.

magram erTi ram cxadia: mas brwyinvale ganaTleba miuRia, ioane

sabanisZes Rrmad aqvs SeTvisebuli Tavisi epoqis mTeli kulturuli monapovari.

abo awames 786 wlis 6 ianvars, xolo samoeli qarTlis kaTalikosi

iyo 790 wlamde, maSasadame, `abos wameba~ dawerili unda iyos 786­790

wlebSi.

kompozicia

Txzuleba oTxi Tavisagan Sedgeba. pirveli _ qadagebaa, romelSic

av tori saqarTveloSi Seqmnil viTarebaze, wmindanobis arsze, wmindanis

Rvawlis sazogadoebriv mniSvnelobaze da sxva sarwmuneobriv sakiTxebze

msjelobs. meore da mesame TavebSi hagiografiuli Txrobaa, romelic

sakuTriv abos ambavs aRgviwers; meoTxe Tavi ki wmindanis qebas, mis Sesx­

69


ma­Semkobas warmoadgens. es Tavi qarTuli himnografiis anu sasuliero

poeziis pirvel nimuSadaa miCneuli.

nawarmoebis Tavebad ase dayofa da dasaTaureba iSviaTad gvxvdeba

hagiografiul mwerlobaSi.

70

VIII saukunis qarTli

VII saukunis dasawyisSi aRmocenebulma axalma religiam, islamma,

uC veulo siswrafiT iwyo gavrceleba. arabebma cecxliTa da maxviliT

daimorCiles mravali qveyana da VIII saukuneSi qarTlic daipyres.

am periodisTvis qarTls arabi moxele, amira ganagebs. igi amave

dros msajulicaa. qarTveli erismTavari amiras emorCileba. dasavleT

saqarTveloSi myofi nerse erisTavi qarTlSi dabrunebis uflebas Tbilisis

amirasgan iRebs. am dros arabebs igi erismTavris Tanamdebobidan

ukve gadaYyenebuli hyavT.

saqarTvelos istoriidan cnobilia, rom arabTa sastik laSqrobas,

qarTlis msgavsad, verc afxazeTi (dasavleT saqarTvelo) gadaurCa,

magram dampyroblebi iq ver gamagrdnen. axalmonaTlulma abom afxazeTSi

mxolod qristiani mosaxleoba ixila, riTac didad gaixara.

nerse erisTavs qarTlSi Tanamoazreebic hyolia. es, pirvel yov li sa,

samoel kaTalikossa da ioane sabanisZeze iTqmis. qarTvelebs daunaxavT

erovnuli gadagvarebis safrTxe da mas mxned win aRsdgomian.

mZime uRlis miuxedavad, VIII saukunis qarTLlSi kulturuli cxovreba

ar Camqrala. cnobilia, rom mravalWirgamovlili nerse erisTavis ojaxSi

aRizarda VIII­IX saukunebis udidesi qarTveli moRvawe grigol xanZTeli.

aq, erisTavis karze, miiRo man brwyinvale ganaTleba da Semdgom es codna

qveynis sulier aRorZinebas moaxmara.

geografiuli garemo

Tu `SuSanikis wamebaSi~ moqmedeba mxolod qvemo qarTlSi mimdinareobs,

`abos wamebaSi~ personaJebis samoqmedo garemo gacilebiT vrcelia:

baRdadi, Tbilisi, CrdiloeTisaken mimaval gzaze _ dariali, Semdeg

xazareTi, afxazeTi (dasavleTi saqarTvelo), isev Tbilisi. am gzis

did nawils mTavari gmiri, abo, qarTlis erismTavar nersesTan erTad

gaivlis.


davakavSiroT

ukve SeZenili codnisa da gamocdilebis axalTan dakavSireba

Tu gangicdiaT odesme Zlieri SiSi? SegiZliaT aRweroT, ra aris SiSi

anu ras grZnobs SeSinebuli adamiani? rogor fiqrobT, SeiZleba Tu ara

SiSis daZleva?

gavaanalizoT

mxatvruli analizis elementebi

simbolo. VII klasis saxelmZRvaneloSi simbolo ase iyo ganmartebuli:

`sagans, movlenas, adamians an adgils, romelic sakuTari Tavis gar da,

kidev gamoxatavs, simbolos uwodeben~. SeiZleba asec iTqvas: `simbolo

aris raRac konkretuli (sagani, movlena, moqmedeba), romelic raRac

abstraqtuls (magaliTad, ideas) gamoxatavs~. maSasadame, simbolo aris

konkretuli, xiluli da xelSesaxebi, is ki, rasac simbolo gamoxatavs

abstraqtuli, uxilavi da mouxelTebelia.

simbolo uzarmazar rols TamaSobs Sua saukuneebis qristianul es­

TetikaSi. TviT qristianuli RvTismsaxureba da eklesiis Senobac ki

sim bolurad gaiazreba. simboluria is, rom taZarSi yvelaze wminda

ad gili, sakurTxeveli, aRmosavleTis mxares mdebareobs (qriste xom

aRmo savleTSi daibada), simboluria freskebis ganlageba, freskebze gamosaxuli

figurebi da maTi TiToeuli Jestic ki; Tavad taZari miwisa

da zecis SemaerTebeli simboloa da sxv.

`SuSanikis wamebis~ magaliTze Tqven naxeT, Tu rogor ixsneba am

na warmoebis mTavari Tema bibliuri saxe­simbolos (`sZali qristesi~)

meS veobiT. daakvirdiT, romel saxe­simbolos eniWeba gansakuTrebuli

mniSvneloba ioane sabanisZis nawarmoebSi abos mowamebrivi gzis ga azrebisaTvis.

gamoviyenoT

kiTxvis strategia

teqstis dakavSireba istoriul konteqstTan. sxva epoqaSi Seqmnili

mxatvruli nawarmoebis kiTxvisas am epoqis msoflmxedvelobasTan erTad,

is istoriuli viTarebac unda gaiTvaliswinoT, romelic fonad gasdevs

nawarmoebSi gadmocemul ambavs. amis gareSe misi siRrmiseuli gageba,

iseve rogorc gmiris saqcielis mniSvnelobis gaazreba da Sefaseba

srulyofili ver iqneba.

yuradRebiT gaecaniT Sesaval statias: `VIII saukunis qarTli~, nawarmoebis

im adgilebs, sadac avtori qarTlSi arsebul viTarebas aRwers

da SeecadeT SeafasoT abos Rvawli istoriuli konteqstis gaTvaliswinebiT.

71


72

wamebaÁ wmidisa da netarisa

haboÁsi

mo senebaÁ wmidisa haboÁsi

w glocav Tquen, qristÀs mimarT survieliTa guliTa

momipyreniT saCinoni ege sasmenelni Tquenni da ufroÁs-

Ra sacnobelni ege yurni gulisa da gonebisa Tquenisani

ganhmarteniT smenad da maspinZel eqmneniT sityuaTa amaT

CemTa.

da ara Tu xolo Cemda martoÁsa saZiebel ars smenad

sawadeli ese martÂlobaÁ wmidisa amis mowamisaÁ, ara med

moÃsenebaÁ xseneba, mogoneba (ek lesiaSi

wmindanis xsenebis dRes RvTismsaxurebisas

galobdnen mis saxelze Seq

mnil saga loblebs da kiTxulobdnen

misi Rvawlis amsaxvel Txzulebas).

ufroÁs-Ra ufro metad.

sacnobeli Secnobis unaris mqone.

ganhmarteniT gaxseniT.

ara Tu xolo Gemda martoÁsa saZiebel

ars smenad martÂilobaÁ mxolod

me ki ar unda vcdilobde martvilobis

mosmenas.


t e q s t i s w a k i T x v i s S e m d e g

davfiqrdeT, gavaanalizoT, SevafasoT:

1. ra viciT nawarmoebis avtoris Sesaxeb? romeli wyaro gvawvdis am

cnobebs? (cod.).

2. ramden nawilad aris dayofili ioane sabanisZis hagiografiuli

Txzuleba da ra aris gadmocemuli TiToeul nawilSi? (cod.).

3. vin iyo abo da risTvis ewama igi? (cod.).

4. Tbilisis romel ubanSi dasajes sikvdiliT abo? (cod.).

5. mxatvari rom iyoT, `abos wamebis~ romeli epizodebis daxatvas

isurvebdiT? (anal.).

6. ra aqvT saerTo `abos wamebas~ da `SuSanikis wamebas~? (anal.). ra

ganasxvavebs am or teqsts erTmaneTisagan? (Sef.).

7. daZebneT teqstobrivi paralelebi am or hagiografiul nawarmoebSi

(anal.).

8. SeadareT erTmaneTs abo da SuSaniki (anal.). SeiZleba Tu ara, am ori

mowamis magaliTze vimsjeloT im saerTo kanonebis Sesaxeb, romelic

hagiografiuli personaJis warmoCenas udevs safuZvlad? (Sef.).

9. rogor fiqrobT, ra aris am nawarmoebis mTavari saTqmeli? (Sef.).

10. Tqveni azriT, dResac gvmarTebs Tu ara `Cueulebisaebr mamulisa

slvaÁ~? (Sef.).

mxatvruli analizis elementebi

simbolo

11. TqvenTvis nacnobi romeli saxarebiseuli saxe-simbolo SegxvdaT

ioane sabanisZis TxzulebaSi da ra datvirTva eniWeba mas am teqstSi?

12. romel saxarebiseul saxe-simbolos eniWeba gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba

nawarmoebSi abos mxatvruli saxis gaazrebisaTvis?

kiTxvis strategia

teqstis dakavSireba istoriul konteqstTan

13. SeafaseT abos Rvawli da misi mniSvneloba maSindeli qarTlisaTvis

istoriuli konteqstis gaTvaliswinebiT.

91


102

zepiri metyveleba

mkiTxvelis Teatri

damatebiTi amocanebi

Tqven mecxre klasis saxelmZRvanelodan iciT, ra aris mkiTxvelis

Teatri da rogor unda warmoadginoT is. daiyaviT jgufebad da moamzadeT

`abos wamebis~ teqsti mkiTxvelis TeatrSi warmosadgenad. jgufebis xelmZRvanelebma

unda gaiTvaliswinon nawarmoebis Tavebis gansxvavebuli intonacia

da Sesabamisad gaanawilon teqsti `Teatris msaxiobebs~ Soris.

jgufuri gamokvleva da prezentacia

abo _ Tbilisis mfarveli wmindani

moiZieT masalebi abos, rogorc Tbilisis mfarveli wmindanis, Sesaxeb

(rodis aris dawesebuli abos xsenebis dRe, abosadmi miZRvnili sagaloblebi,

abos wamebis Temaze Seqmnili mxatvruli nawarmoebebi, mis saxelze dawerili

xatebi, mis Sesaxeb arsebuli gamokvlevebi); agreTve, moinaxuleT TbilisSi

abos saxelTan dakavSirebuli adgilebi (abos wamebis adgilze aRmarTuli

jvari, abos niSi mtkvarTan, metexis ZirSi, misi saxelobis eklesia, abos qandakeba)

da warmoadgineT Tqveni mokvleuli masala (zepiri moxseneba TvalsaCino

foto an videomasalasTan erTad) auditoriis winaSe.

weriTi samuSao

dawereT Txzuleba saTauriT: abo _ SiSis daZlevis gza

gaixseneT weriTi samuSaos Sesrulebis etapebi da ecadeT Tanmimdevrulad

daicvaT isini. upirveles yovlisa, daakvirdiT Txzulebis saTaurs da

gansazRvreT, ra kuTxiT unda warmarToT Txroba, rom saTaurs sworad upasuxoT

(anu gansazRvreT weris mizani), Semdeg moiZieT teqstSi Tqveni miznis

Sesabamisi magaliTebi, SeadgineT Txzulebis gegma da SeudeqiT davalebis

Sesrulebas.


l e q s i k a

gardagularZnes

teqstis ena

Zvel qarTulSi gularZna `gadaxras, gamrudebas, RvlarWnas~ niSnavda,

xolo gularZnili gamrudebuls, daRvlarWnils. gularZna, daRvlarWna

erTi sityvis variantebi Cans.

amdenad, gardagularZnnes unda niSnavdes `gadaxares, gadadrikes~

(mZlavrebiT, SiSiT).

s t i l i

ori mwerlis stilis gansxvaveba

orive nawarmoebi _ `SuSanikis wamebac~ da `abo Tbilelis wamebac~ sarwmunoebrivi

TavSewirvis ambavs mogviTxrobs. erTnairad mZafrad viTardeba

mowameobrivi ambavi da Sedegic erTnairia. erTaderTi ram, rac am or

nawarmoebs erTmaneTisagan sagrZnoblad ganasxvavebs, aris am ori mwerlis

stili. erTis damaxasiaTebelia lakonizmi, xolo meorisa _ uxvsityvaoba.

SevadaroT nawarmoebebis TiTo fragmenti erTmaneTs:

1. `umjobeÀs ars Cemda ÃelTa misTagan sikvdili, vidre Cemi da misi

Sek rebaÁ da warwymedaÁ sulisa CemisaÁ, rameTu masmies me pavleÀs

mociqulisagan: `ara damonebul ars ZmaÁ gina daÁ, aramed ganeyenen~.

2. `sadaRa Semiwynara me qristeman da ganmaSora Cemgan bneli igi

pirvelisa mis umecrebisa CemisaÁ da Rirs myo naTelsa mas missa,

arasada uvar-vyo me saxeli misi. daRaTu bevreuli oqroÁsa da vecxlisaÁ

momcen me, ginaTu tanjviTa da guemiTa ganmikiTxon me, ver

ganmaSoron me siyuarulsa uflisa Cemisasa. da aw Sen nu damayeneb,

RmrTis msaxuro!~

d a v a l e b a : axla pasuxi gaeciT kiTxvebs:

a) romel mwerals ekuTvnis pirveli da romels _ meore nawyveti?

b) asaxavs Tu ara es ori nawyveti erTgvar viTarebas da Tu asaxavs, ra

TvalsazrisiT?

103


g) romeli mwerali ufro lakonurad gadmoscems saTqmels?

d) gamoyaviT is sityvebi da frazebi, romlebic erT-erTi maTganis uxvsityvaobas

ganapirobebs.

ivaraudeT, rogor ityoda qvemoT moyvanil fragmentSi gadmocemul

saTqmels iakob curtaveli:

`momipyreniT saCinoni ege sasmenelni Tqvenni da ufroÁsRa sacnobeli

ege yurni gulisa da gonebisa Tqvenisani ganhmarteniT smenad da maspinZel

eqmneniT sityvaTa amaT CemTa!~

104

stilizacia istoriuli Sinaarsis TxzulebebSi

rodesac mwerali istoriul sinamdviles aRwers, igi cdilobs am sinamdvilis

enobrivi Taviseburebebic asaxos. magram radganac im enobrivi viTarebis

mTlianad aRdgena SeuZlebelia, mwerali mimarTavs stilizaciis xerxs.

es imas niSnavs, rom igi calkeuli xerxebis gamoyenebiT qmnis siZvelis

STabeWdilebas, moaqvs Sesabamisi epoqis enobrivi `surneli~.

am TvalsazrisiT or rames unda davakvirdeT:

1. aris Tu ara gansxvaveba mwerliseul Txrobasa da personaJebis metyvelebas

Soris?

2. romel arqaul formebsa da sityvebs iyenebs mwerali istoriuli

epoqis koloritis Sesaqmnelad?

mwerali nodar wuleiskiri abos Rvawlis gadmocemisas zomierad mimar-

Tavs stilizaciis xerxs da es upiratesad personaJTa metyvelebaSi vlindeba.

magaliTad, mwerali `saCqarod~ Camosvlis mniSvnelobiT iyenebs zmnas

`CamoiWra~, xolo `mokvlis~ magier `mokvdinebas~.

d a v a l e b a : daakvirdiT dialogebs da moZebneT is sityvebi da formebi,

romlebic stilizacias emsaxureba.

daimaxsovreT!

stili da stilizacia

enis gamoyenebis Tavisebur maneras, romelsac mimarTavs avtori sakuTari

Canafiqris gadmosacemad stili ewodeba.

stili SeiZleba iyos martivi an rTuli, sada an amaRlebuli, sasaubro

metyvelebasTan miaxloebuli an oficialuri da sxv.

avtoris stili Tavs iCens rogorc sityvaTa arCevanSi, ise winadadebebisa

da frazebis (abzacebis, mTliani teqstis) agebulebaSi. amitom sti-


lis gansazRvrisas unda daakvirdeT teqstSi gamoyenebul

• leqsikur erTeulebs (sityvebs) da konkretul saxeebs;

• winadadebebisa da frazebis agebulebas;

ganmeorebebsa da paralelur struqturebs.


stilizacia ki ama Tu im stilis Segnebuli mibaZvaa da ZiriTadad

is toriul Tematikaze Seqmnil nawarmoebebSi gamoiyeneba. aseTi tipis

TxzulebebSi stilizacia aRwerili epoqis koloritis gadmocemas emsaxureba.

amis magaliTia nodar wuleiskiris istoriuli romani.

zogierT SemTxvevaSi stilizacia komikuri efeqtis Seqmnas isa xavs

miznad. es parodiaa. parodia sxva Txzulebis an TxzulebaTa tipis iumoristuli

imitaciaa. komikur efeqts parodiaSi nawarmoebis stilisa da

Sinaarsis SeuTavsebloba qmnis. magaliTad, Tu Tqven arqauli enis elementebs

Tanamedrove ambebis gadmosacemad gamoiyenebT, an yoveldRiur,

wvrilman ambebze amaRlebuli, maRalfardovani stiliT isaubrebT, es

parodia iqneba.

weriTi samuSao

dawereT Txzuleba stilizaciis xerxis gamoyenebiT




gansazRvreT mizani: istoriuli koloritis gadmocema Tu komikuri

efeqtis Seqmna;

gansazRvreT Txzulebis Janri: istoriuli moTxroba, iumoristuli

moTxroba, satira, tragedia, komedia Tu sxva;

moifiqreT Txzulebis Tema da fabula;

ar dagaviwydeT:

• TxzulebaSi unda gamoiyenoT stilizaciis xerxi miznisa da

nawarmoebis Janris gaTvaliswinebiT;

• Tu komikuri efeqtis Seqmnas ar isaxavT miznad, ar unda iyos

Seusabamoba Tqveni Txzulebis Sinaarssa da formas Soris.

umjobesia, Tu davalebas jgufurad SeasrulebT. Semdeg TiToeulma

jgufma klasSi warmoadginos Tavisi Txzuleba, danarCenebma ki Seafason

maTi namuSevari. Sefasebis mTavari kriteriumi unda iyos, Seesabameba

Tu ara Txzuleba dasaxul mizans da ramdenad kargad gaarTves Tavi avtorebma

dasmul amocanas. TiToeulma Semfasebelma Tavisi pozicia unda

daasabuTos.

105

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