4 poezia

culture.gov.ge

4 poezia

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

# 7 7-20 agvisto 2009

gamodis or kviraSi erTxel, paraskeobiT

fasi 50 TeTri

ubis

wignidan

mamuka

wiklauri:

`TiTqos me

gadavikvnite

fexi da

Tavisuflebis

sisxlian

droSasaviT

avafriale igi!~

II-III

poezia

manana

CitiSvili:

`var

galumpuli

martis civi

wvimebis

TqoriT...~

IV-V

gaxseneba

vaxuSti

kotetiSvili:

`sikvdili deda

yofila,

sicocxle _

dedinacvali.~

XI

interviu

kote

jandieri:

`edgar pos

prozam

pirvelad

magrZnobina

stilis magia.~

XII-XIII


2 ubis wignidan

mgeli

roca Tavisuflebasa da gautexlobaze

vfiqrob, yovelTvis mgelze nadirobis

ambavi maxsendeba.

am ambavs cota Soridan daviwyeb.

germania_sabWoTa kavSiris omi

rom damTavrda, Cems sofelSi, jaridan,

erTi calfexa kaci dabrunda.

mSoblebi gardacvliliyvnen, saxls

miwis zvavi dascemoda da daengria. erT

dros kargi, gamarTuli ojaxis Svili

boganod darCa... isic adga da erTi mitovebuli

samxedro yazarmis WerqveS

Sesaxlda... iSova saxarazo xelsawyoebi

da fexsacmelebis SemkeTeblad daiwyo

muSaoba.

es xeibari kaci lagazianT gigo iyo.

Cems sicocxleSi ar Semxvedria masaviT

gautexeli da bediswerasTan Seupovrad

mebrZoli kaci. igi morebs

Wrida cicabo ferdobebze da samanqano

gzebisken acurebda; kldeebs Slida

samSeneblo qvis dasamzadeblad; nadirobda;

xevsureTSi gadadioda qoxebis

asaSeneblad...

erTi sityviT, Zalian magari kaci

iyo. ufro mosmena uyvarda, vidre _

laparaki. maSin jaridan Camosulebi

aTas tyuils da marTals hyvebodnen,

is ki dumda. ar uyvarda Tavisi Tavgadasavlis

Txroba. omis gaxseneba ar

siamovnebda _ jojoxeTi iyo, magis patronis

deda vatireo, – ityoda xolme

iseTi daZabviT, TiTqos rkinis ketiT

qvas iRebs kldis Sibidano. sxvebisgan

gamegona, naRmisgan dafleTili fexi

unarkozod moWres da kontuziac imis

Semdeg daemarTao. warmovidgendi xolme

Zvalze xerxis Wrials da suli mexuTeboda...

...im wels saSualo skola davam-

Tavre. universitetSi ver Caviricxe.

_ axla ra unda akeTo? – mkiTxa gigom.

_ ra vici, Zia gigo, vimecadineb da

momaval wels kidev vcdi...

_ momaval wlamde didi droa, wignebs

nu moekvlevinebi, – ironiulad SemomRima

Tavisi alali RimiliT gigom,

– modi SevamxanagdeT, ebraelma fenielam

kargi xafangebi momitana, kai sanadiro

agilebic vici da vinadiroT

melaze da kvernaze, iqneb mgelic davi-

WiroT! nadiris tyavi fenielas CavabaroT,

karg fass mogcemo, Sempirda.

fuls davxarbdi-meTqi, ver vityvi,

magram mainc davTanxmdi gigos. uaris

Tqma SemexaTra, Tanac Zalian miyvarda

tyeSi da mTebSi siaruli.

gigom axalTaxali xafangebi miCvena:

meliis, kvernis, mglis... samgle xafangebs

wminda foladis dakbiluli

Svildebi hqonda.

_ amaT dasagebad aucileblad ori

kacia saWiro, – Tqva man.

mokled, SevTanxmdiT da noembris

bolos, roca nadirs bewvi gaumagrda,

saqmes SevudeqiT. gigom maswavla xafangebis

dagebis mTeli xelovneba –

xafangis Casadgmeli adgilis amorCeva,

SeniRbva, saCvevis dayra, xafangis

qoniT gapoxva.

_ yinvaSi liToni wivis da nadirs

afrTxobs, amitom qonis wasma aucilebeliao,

– miTxra man.

ZiriTadad melas da kvernas viWerdiT,

ramdenime tyis katac daviWireT...

mgeli ver gavabiT! Cvengan dayril

saCvevs – xorcsa da Zvlebs – ar ekareboda,

xafangebs Soriaxlos utrialebda.

gigo mgelze, rogorc Rirseul megobarze

ise laparakobda, RimiliT meubneboda:

– mgeli sxva vaJia; eg Cven ar

dagveWerineba, Cven Cvensas mainc vecadoT,

iqneb gavabaTo...

erT dilasac samgle xafangebs mivakiTxeT

da vnaxeT, rom mgeli gabmuliyo,

magram jaWvi, riTac xafangi iyo

dabmuli, gaewyvita da xafangi jaWvis

nawyvetianad Tan waeRo. sisxli misdevda

mglis nakvalevs. cotaze mivyeviT

da gamovbrundiT. gigom Tqva: – azri

ara aqvs kvalis miyolas, mag mgels ukve

mTa eqneba gadavlili, axlos ar gaCerdebodao...

ukan dabrunebulni sul mgelze

vlaparakobdiT da es dananebiT naTqvami

damamaxsovrda gigosi: – sawyali

mgeli, im xafangs ver moicilebs, Wrilobas

yinva dauxarvavs da mainc mokvdebao...

meoredac gavabiT mgeli, magram

verc amjerad daviWireT. axla mTlad

daSlil-dalewili xafangi dagvxvda.

cal-calke eyara Svildebi, xafangis

mTvare, ena... daelewa da wasuliyo.

Tovlze sisxli brwyinavda.

_ ra Zala aqvs am tials! _ TiTqos

vaJkacoba Seuqoo, ise Tqva gigom.

tyavebis wasaRebad mosul fenielas

vusayvedureT: – es ra xafangebia?!

erTxel jaWvi gawyvita mgelma, meored

ki sul daSala da dalewao.

Semdgom amosvlaze fenielam axali

xafangi amogvitana. – inglisuriao, –

Tqva man, amas vera nadiri ver wauva, mTavaria,

magar xeze an kldis SibSi Rrmad

Casobil samsWvalze miabaTo.

erT adgilze gvyavda mgeli moCveuli

– Zvlebs vuyridiT, xafangs ki ar

vugebdiT da is inglisuri xafangi iq

davugeT. mgeli ukve gabriyvebuli iyo,

xafangs ar eloda da aucileblad unda

gabmuliyo.

meore dilas jer isev bneloda, gigom

rom gamomiara. mxarze ocdaoTxkalibriani

Tofi ekida, welze ki – omidan

Camoyolili maTara.

_ eg radRa ginda-meTqi, – mivuTiTe

maTaraze.

_ dagvWirdeba, – orazrovnad SemomRima,

– Sen cota kakali da msxlis

Ciri Caiyare jibeSi da wavideT.

Sua ianvris dilis yinva wvavda yvelafers,

magram Cven xafangSi gabmuli

mgeli gveloda da yinvas ver vgrZnobdiT.

gigo did nabijebs adgamda, pro-

Tezze fexsacmeli ar ecva da xis fexs

joxiviT ibjenda. laparakiT aTas rameze

vlaparakobdiT, fiqriT ki – mxolod

mgelze vfiqrobdiT da mivdiodiT,

mivfrinavdiT.

mivuaxlovdiT im adgils. sadacaa

unda davxedoT Cvens xafangebs, magram

cudi niSania – im midamoSi CamiCumi ar

ismis... mgeli Tu gabmulia, iqaurobas

unda sZravdes... mivediT... davxede da

sisxliT gadaRebil xafangSi nadiris

fexi davinaxe – gadaWrili Tu moglejili

wina fexi.

_ sakuTari fexi gaukvnetia am tials,

– Tqva gigom.

_ fexi gadaukvnetia?!

_ ho, ro ibrZola da verafers gaxda,

Tanac riJraJma rom moaRwia, adga

da fexi gadaikvnita!

me warmovidgine fexis gadasakvnetad

CaRunuli mgeli, TiTqos Zvlebis

saSineli Wrialic momesma, TiTqos kbilebSi

mogdebuli ZarRvebic davinaxe

da civma Jruantelma damiara.

gigo dumda da mivxvdi, rom igi im

dRes daubrunda, unarkozod rom moa-

Wres dafleTili fexi... magram gigo,

albaT, TokiT yavdaT gakavebuli da

fexsac sxvebi aWridnen... es ki... es mgeli

ki...

xafangis maxloblad Tovlze Cam-

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

literaturuli gazeTi 7-20 agvisto 2009

mamuka wiklauri

sxvadasxva drois

Canawerebi

ovsxediT.

_ xo giTxari, mgeli Cven ar dagveWerineba_meTqi,

mgeli sxva vaJia –

gaWirvebis, yinvis, sifrTxilis, simamacis,

Tavisuflebis Svilia.

saxeze Sevxede da gamikvirda – mome-

Cvena, rom mglis gaqceva uxaroda gigos...

mec raRac mixaroda – TiTqos me gadavikvnite

fexi da Tavisuflebis sisxlian

droSasaviT avafriale igi! ar vici,

arsebobs Tu ara paTetikuri fiqri,

magram im wuTs me paTetikurad vfiqrobdi:

es Cveni mTebi, kldeebi da aragvia,

es mgelic Cveni mTebis Svili da

Cveni Svilia. es mgeli Cvenma miwam dabada

da upirveles yovlisa, daumor-

Cilebloba da gaWirvebis atana aswavla...

mixaroda, rom mgelma dagvamarcxa

me da gigo, daamarcxa inglisuri

xafangis konstruqtorebi, daamarcxa

bewveulis vaWari feniela, daamarcxa

eSmakoba da gapoxili rkina...

sxvam ki ara, es Cvenma mgelma dagvamarcxa,

Cvenma mTebma dagvamarcxes!

mere gigom xmamaRla, sazeimo siciliT

gaicina, maTaras Tavi moxsna da

Tqva: – es arayi Cveni gamarjvebis

saTqmelad wamoviRe, magram mglis sadRegrZelo

unda vTqva, kai vaJia, eku-

Tvnis...

gaarxilebul Tovlze, aryisa da qadis

naWrebis gverdiT, kakali da msxlis

Ciri davyare, jer gigom moiyuda

WurWeli, mere me gadmomawoda. da ase,

xan is svamda da xan – me. sadRegrZeloebs

ar vambobdiT. aba, ra unda gveTqva?

laparakiT ki sul mgelze da mglis

Seudrekel sulze vlaparakobdiT...

mgelze, romelmac Tavisuflebis simbolosaviT

datova sakuTari kbilebiT

gadakvnetili sakuTari fexi!

amasobaSi zamTris mzec daefina mwvervalebs

da sisxliviT daiRvara Tovlian

qedebze...

gamarjvebuli mgeli ki sadRac kldis

exSi iwva da tkivilebiT daRrubluli

mzeriT gahyurebda mSobliur

mTebs.

patara xalxi

isev umZafresi brZolebia kavkasia-

Si. isev ebrZvis didi ruseTi kavkasiel

patara xalxebs. msoflio sainformacio

saSualebebi gadmoscemen, rom

kremlma isev aiwyvita apeurebi Tavisi

`avRanuri receptiT~ da arafrad agdebs

patara xalxebis uflebebs – iyvnen

Tavisufalni, Tavisi nebis mixedviT

ganagon Tavisi cxovreba.

kavkasiuri omis axali talRa ruseTma

am ociode wlis win daiwyo da dRemde

grZeldeba – rusebis axal_axali

samxedro SenaerTebi miemarTebian kav-

kasiisaken. omis dasawyisSi CeCneTis

prezidentma joxar dudaevma gaafrTxila

ruseTis xelmZRvaneloba: – nu SemoxvalT,

Torem Tqveni jariskacebis

kuboebis Savi flotilia gacurdeba

aqedano. ar daujeres. maxsovs, ruse-

Tis maSindelma samxedro ministrma

TxuTmeti wuTi moiTxova Tavisi xelisuflebisgan

– zustad TxuTmet wu-

TSi gavanadgureb `amboxebulebso~.

oci weli gavida mas Semdeg. isev iRvreba

sisxli – ixocebian Tavisi miwawylis

damcveli qarTvelebi, CeCnebi,

qistebi, daRestnelebi; ixocebian `demokratiuli

ruseTis~ beladebis mier

Semogzavnili ubeduri jariskacebi.

sikvdilisTvis yvela codvaa, magram

kavkasielebi samarTlian tyvias isvrian...

kavkasielebi momxduris tyviiT

ecemian Tavis soflebSi, Tavis qalaqeb-

Si, Tavis tyeebSi, Tavisi mdinareebis

napirebze, Tavisi mTebis CrdilSi da

gautexeli meomrebis sikvdiliT kvdebian...

rusebi ki sxvis miwaze kvdebian

da maT sikvdils saxelad dampyroblis

sikvdili hqvia.

kavkasielebi ufro `lmobieri sikvdiliT~

kvdebian, radgan brZolis

dros sikvdilze ki ara, Tavisufal sam-

Sobloze fiqroben, mtrisadmi mtrulad

daxvedris dauJangavi tradicia

aRanTebs maT suls da ara imperiuli

fsiqologiuri sneuleba. patara xalxebisaTvis

brZola aucileblobaa, bedisweraa.

xom ebrZvian arwivebi grigalebs,

xom ar Tmoben vefxvebi junglebs!

da isinic ibrZvian, radgan sxva

alternativa ar arsebobs – Tu ar ibrZole,

Rirseulad ver icocxleb, uRirsi

sicocxle ki TviT sikvdilze uaresia,

radgan `vaJkaci sadac Sercxveba,

imis samare iq ari~.

...da roca saqarTveloSi zari reks;

roca CeCneTSi da inguSeTSi zari reks;

roca daRestanSi zari reks, ar ikiTxo:

– visTvis reks zari?

zari reks SenTvis! zari protoiberTa

Camomavlebs eZaxis: dampyrobeli

unda ganidevnos kavkasiidan!

...da bolos, wasakiTxad minda Semog-

TavazoT Cexi mwerlis irJi magenis er-

Ti didebuli moTxroba `patara xalxi~.

es moTxroba qarTulad revaz inaniSvilma

Targmna misTvis damaxasiaTebeli

`dauSrobeli~ eniT. ase rom, Cemgan

wamowyebul saubars irJi mageni gaagr-

Zelebs. moTxroba mcire zomisaa da mas

aq mTlianad gadmovwer:

`didma tamerlanma Tavisi laSqari

daZra. mTeli naxevari azia ukve mis fexqveS

gminavda. gamarjvebebs didi msxverpli

mohyva. orasi aTasi meomari daiRupa.

umSvenieresi qalaqebi daingra.

unayofieresi vel-mindvrebi gaudabnovda.

magram tamerlani fiqrobda,

rom gamarjvebebi am msxverplad Rirda.

qveyniereba ufro da ufro mimzidvelad

eCveneboda. ufro da ufro met

raRacas hpirdeboda. axla erTi isRa

darCenoda, maRali mTebi gadaelaxa, iq

mcxovrebni daemorCilebina. CaSvebuliyo

qvemoT, barSi da iqaurobac amoevso

TavzardacemulTa kiviliT. maSin

tamerlani Tavisi cxovrebis mTavar

saqmes gasrulebulad CaTvlida.

...iareT fxizlad da gabedulad!

laSqari win nela miiwevda. yovelgvar

Cqams udarielebda. yovel mosafa


7-20 agvisto 2009

rSi SeiZleba sikvdili mjdariyo.

magram mowinaaRmdege ara da ar

Cndeboda.

tamerlani iRuSeboda. sul eloda,

mTielebi ai axla, ai axla gamoiRebdnen

xels, aCoCqoldebodnen mewinaveni.

atydeboda qvebis griali, saomari

yiJina. magram amaod, arsad aravin

gamoCenila arc pirvel dRes, arc meore

dRes, arc mTel kviras...

miadgnen cadazidul cixes, magram

irgvliv Semowyoba verc ki moaswres,

rom deda-koSkis Tavze Woksgamobmuli

TeTri droSa aRmarTes.

avidnen zeviT. Turme iq ukve gaSlil

sufrasTan elodnen, umorCilesad

epatiJebodnen. tamerlani wamiT ar

Seyovnebula, mrisxaned ikiTxa:

_ ratom damnebdiT?

mecixovneebma araferi Tqves. marto

Tavs xridnen da mkerdTan xeli mihqondaT.

maSin tamerlanis meomrebi

magidasTan micvivdnen, aayiraves, cixe-

Si myofni gaTokes da egre gaTokilni

gaiyoles ukan.

meore cixec ubrZolvelad danebda.

sxva aTic aseve – tamerlanis dafdafebisa

da naRarebis xmam dasca. datyvevebulTa

ricxvma aTi aTass gadaa-

Warba. bolos laSqari sataxto qalaqs

miadga, magram iqac, sataxtos karTan,

ukve qalwulebi icdidnen. qalaqis uxucesni

ki maSinve tamerlanis karvisken

gamoeSurnen, galavnis karis gasaRebebi

xelisgulebze dadebuli mohqondaT.

CoCqoliT, erTmaneTis gaswrebiT

Sevidnen karavSi.

didi sardali arc ki ganZreula. igi

qalaqs gahyurebda da grZnobda, ra See-

Zlo mas. es arwivebis bude mTel wels

ibrZolebda da arafers SeimCnevda...

SeiZleba verc aeRo igi tamerlans. qalaqis

uxucesni ki morCilad qeddadrekilni

edgnen win.

_ ratom damnebdiT, laCrebo? _

hkiTxa tamerlanma uxucesebs.

_ didia Seni didebis Zala, mbrZanebelo!

veravin gauZlebs am Zalas.

_ aax! _ tamerlanma zizRiT Caiqnia

xeli, miwas Caacqerda da Cafiqrda.

aq, ori samyaros am mijnaze, erTguli

xalxi Wirdeboda. veluri magram

Seupovari xalxi. mTielebi rom gasZalianebodnen,

saTanadod Seafasebda am

Zalas da Tavis mokavSired gaixdida.

ase undoda. es hqonda fiqrad. es

umweo cxvrebi ki TviTon uSverdnen

yels yasbis danas.

_ ratom damnebdiT-meTqi, laCrebo?

– isev igrgvina tamerlanma.

uxucesni xmas ver iRebdnen. bolos

yvelaze ufrosi wamodga win da Tqva:

_ nu gagvirisxdeba Tqveni mowyaleba

da mogaxsenebT. Cven sad SegviZlia

TqvenTan Sebma. Cven patara xalxi varT!

_ patara xalxi? mainc ramdenni

xarT?

_ mxolod sami milioni, mbrZanebelo.

tamerlani ise daawva magidis kides,

ficrebis WraWuni moisma. mis irgvliv

mdgarni SeZrwundnen. sardlis Tvalebma

cecxli gamokveses. sastikma Rimilma

gadauara bageze, zizRiT moegriza

saxe.

_ sami milioni! sami milioni patara

xalxi! sami milioni Wkuis kolofi

dedakaci! Tqven yvelaferi awon-dawoneT,

Cemi xasiaTis garda. Tqven sul ge-

SiniaT am qveynidan aRgvisa, geSiniaT

arsebobisac. me ki Tqvens damegobrebas

vapirebdi! magram Tqven Cemi erTgulni

arasodes iqnebiT. dRes Tqven me

mometmasnebiT, xval ki Cemze Zliers mihyudebT

zurgs. rogorc Tqveni bedi

inebebs, ara?

tamerlani wamodga. irgvliv iara-

Ris Cxaruni atyda. tamerlanma brZana:

`yvelani gaTokeT da SoltebiT garekeT

CrdiloeTisken! visac mzareuli

ar gyavT, airCieT vinc gindaT da waiyvaneT

mzareulad. visac monebi ar gyavT,

airCieT da waiyvaneT monebad. garekeT

saqoneliviT! yovel maTxovars,

mawanwalas, qurdsa da avazaks mieciT

es Cvrebi. Tu xma amoiRo romelimem, iqve

CaaZaRleT, CaaZaRleT mTeli imisi

modgmac. arc qali daindoT, arc bavSvi.

aq aravin ar aris dasandobi!

tamerlanma Tvalebi daxuWa da es dasZ-

ina: `umjobesia, veluri xari daexetebodes

martod marto am xriok mTebSi, vidre

sami milioni dedakaci daCoqili eZebdes

Tavisi uvneblobis wamals~.

wvlili

...samwuxaro ambavi Sevityve – qalbatoni

maro abramia gardacvlila. guli

mwydeba, rom ver daveswari mis dakrZalvas.

RmerTma acxonos!

qalbatonma marom didxans imuSava

`saqarTvelos mTavlitis~ rwmunebulad.

es `mTavliti~ mefisdroindeli

`cenzoris~ sabWourad gadmoTargmnili

saxelwodebaa. ase rom, maro abramia

msoflioSi Tavisi simkacriT aRiarebuli

sabWouri `mTavlitis~ TanamSromeli

iyo, magram dRes igi didi madlobiTa

da didi pativiscemiT minda

movixsenio. faqtiurad, Cven, oriveni,

Tanamoazreni viyaviT – gvwamda, rom

sabWouri totalitarizmi didi

boroteba iyo da igi, adre Tu gvian, TavisTavs

amoiWamda. amasTan, vicodiT,

rom verc me, rogorc gamomcemlobis

mTavari redaqtori da verc is, rogorc

cenzori, radikalurad ver SevcvlidiT

msoflio Wirad qceul sab-

Wour `ideebs~. am SemTxvevaSi Cven mxolod

SeniRbuli brZola da SemovliTi

gzebiT siaruli SegveZlo da ganuwyvetliv

ganzrax CaZinebuli darajis

rols vTamaSobdiT...

gasuli saukunis 60-iani wlebidan,

rogorc cnobilia, SedarebiT `daTba~.

yovlismomcvel doqtrinas nesti Seepara,

`ideologiuri skami~ imperias

veRar ganasaxierebda da didi mniSvneloba

mieniWa imas, Tu vin ijda `im~

skamze. magaliTisTvis aviRoT gazeTi

`literaturuli saqarTvelo~. xom

mkveTrad gansxvavebuli iyo es gazeTi,

vTqvaT, giorgi natroSvilisa da vaxtang

WeliZis dros? – zogi `riskavda~,

zogi – vera; zogi SedarebiT erTgulad

emsaxureboda sabWour Stampebs, zogi

– ara... aseve iTqmis Jurnal `ciskris~,

gamomcemloba `meranisa~ da sxva gamocemebisa

da gamomcemlobebis Sesaxebac.

maxsovs, erTxel, erTma axlobelma

raikomis mdivanma miTxra – vici, rom

es partia da raikomebi sigiJea, magram

Cems adgilze rom `marTla komunisti~

dasvan, es sigiJe aunazRaurebel msxverpls

gamoiwvevs...

davubrundeT isev `mTavlits~.

me didxans vmuSaobdi gamomcemlobebSi

da arcTu iSviaTad matyobinebdnen:

esa da es wigni gauCerebia `mTavlits~

da gibarebeno. mec dauyovnebliv

mivdiodi.

marjaniSvilis quCaze, gamomcemlobebis

cnobil saxlSi erTi oTaxi ekava

`mTavlits~ da sam magidasTan CemTvis

sami Zvirfasi adamiani ijda: maro

abramia, petre liklikaZe da maTi

ufrosi andro (samwuxarod, gvars ver

vixseneb).

_ aba, ra xdeba, pativcemulo luka

isarliSvilebo-meTqi, – vekiTxebi misalmebis

Semdeg.

_ ra xdeba, batono ilia (raki me

isini cenzor luka isarliSvilebad

movixsenie, maTac `iveriis~ redaqtor

ilia WavWavaZed momnaTles da am Cvens

poet amas da amas Zalian gautevia da

sabWoTa kavSiris dangrevas lamobs, –

meubneba erT-erTi.

_ mere ra aris magaSi cudi? – vicini,

viciniT...

_ araferi, magram xan himnebs wers

kompartiaze, xan kidev `antisabWouris~

gapareba unda; Cven mainc gviTxras

saidumlod – erTi davijeroT, Tu –

meore?!

...kargi xalxi muSaobda maSin `mTavlitSi~

da isev im raikomis mdivnis naTqvami

unda gavixseno – maT adgilze rom

`namdvili mTavlitebi~ yofiliyvnen,

bevr cud ambavs daatrialebdnen...

me da qalbatoni maro erT dRes,

erTi mizeziT gagvaTavisufles samsaxurebidan:

me – redaqtorobidan, is –

`mTavlitobidan~. es moxda 1985 wels –

`perestroikis~ gariJraJze. erT gamocemaSi

`gagvepara~ kolau nadiraZis antisabWouri

leqsi `25 Tebervali 1921

w.~. Cans, jer mainc naadrevi iyo Cemnairi

redaqtori da qalbatoni marosnairi

`mTavlitis rwmunebuli~...

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

patara nekrologSi, romelic erTi

gazeTis bolo gverdze gamoqveynda,

vkiTxulobT: `wavida Cvengan adamiani,

romlisTanebmac didi wvlili Seitanes

Tavisuflebisa da demokratiis damkvidrebaSi~.

WeSmaritad!

martia

- yizlaris cxvari modga dariala-

Sio! - ityodnen xolme da es iyo gazafxulis

pirveli namdvili daquxeba, utyuari

niSani gazafxulis mobrZanebisa.

Cven, maSin, gudamayris sul bolo

sofelSi, zed uReltexilTan vcxovrobdiT

da pirvelni vxvdebodiT nazamTrali

cxvar-mecxvaris dabrunebas.

uReltexilze pirveli yovelTvis

martia da misi fara gadmodioda. mere

ki mas mohyvebodnen akeenT gigos, akeenT

ninis, aTnoxeli maxares, zandukeli

Tevdores da sxva ganTqmul mecxvareTa

farebi... pirveli ki, rogorc

vTqvi, yovelTvis aTnoxeli martia iyo

– is gadmouZRveboda xolme farasac

da gazafxulsac. maRal-maRali, xmelxmeli

kaci iyo martia. yavisfer sawvimars

ar iSorebda avdarsa da darSi. welze

ki mouSoreblad ekida saSualo

zomis xanjali. Sexedavdi, ubralo xanjali

iyo – xis tari hqonda, qarqaSze

ki Txis gapoxili tyavi iyo gadakruli;

Tumca ki yvelam icoda, rom am `Txistyavian~

qarqaSSi saukeTeso foladi

ido.

mTeli Tavisi `moZravi qalaqiT~

gadmoemarTeboda xolme martia – cxvriT,

vacebiT, jiSiani ZaRlebiT, bargakidebuli

cxenebiTa da saxedrebiT,

ulamazesi batknebiTa da TiknebiT, kvicebiTa

da CokinebiT... CvenTvis, patarebisTvis,

yvelaze momxiblavi sanaxavi

mainc lekvebi iyo – mozrdilebi

Tavisi fexiT modiodnen, patarebi ki

xurjinebSi isxdnen da zanti mzeriT

gadmohyurebdnen `axal qveyanas~.

zamTris ambebic mohqondaT mwyemsebs

– dananebiT ambobdnen, Tu rogor

moeyina orive xelis TiTebi gabriels.

keTil sicils ver ikavebdnen, roca

hyvebodnen, Tu rogor daewva gasaSrobad

cecxlTan dakidebuli Sarvali

gigos; rogori leqsi gamoTqva niniam

rusis `kuxarkaze~ gamijnurebul gigize;

arc imas iviwyebdnen, Tu rogor

Seakvda velis mglebs faris saukeTeso

ZaRli boTa...

stumrebiT ivseboda Cveni sofeli

– aqeT modiodnen da mecxvareebs egebebodnen

monatrebuli meuRleebi,

debi, Zmebi, Svilebi...

modiodnen Semcvlelebic, Ziri-

Tadad, 15-16 wlis biWebi, siamayiT iRebdnen

mecxvaris didad `prestiJul~

fexkavian joxebs da `yizlarelebs~

ubis wignidan 3

monatrebul ojaxebSi gzavnidnen. faraSi

`Zvelebidan~ mxolod martia rCeboda,

ymawvilebis anabara ar tovebda

Tavis faras.

ase, erT kviras, cxra-aT dRes itrialebdnen

farebi aragvis WalebSi, mere

ki sazafxulo saZovrebs gainawilebdnen

da cxvar-mecxvarec Tavis kuTvnil

sabinaoze daidebda binas – zogi aqve,

gudamayris saZovrebze, zogic – xevsureTis

mTebSi – maTuraze.

...gamoxda xani. martia xanSi Sevida

da mwyemsobas Tavi gaaneba. erTxel qorwilSi

Sevxvdi. isev magrad iyo. isev

iseTi sawvimari ecva da isev is xanjali

ekida. mTeli Rame ar dauZinia: mReroda,

leqsebs ambobda, xmamaRla iloceboda,

`gadasulebs~ ixsenebda...

meore dilas, mzis amosvlisas, skamze

CaeZina. qalebma `leJankaze~ dauges

logini da imaze wamovawvineT. TiTqosda

swrafadve unda CasZineboda, magram

ver daiZina, wuxda, trialebda, wrialebda.

me iqve axlos vijeqi, vxedavdi martias

SeWirvebas da gverdiT mjdoms Cavulaparake:

– martia ver isvenebs, cudad

xom ar aris-meTqi?

- ara, cudad ar ari, magram eg `le-

Jankaze~ ver moisvenebs, – mipasuxa RimiliT,

– Zveli mecxvarea da miwaze

Zilsaa naCvevi...

marTlac! am saubarSi viyaviT, rom

Zil-RviZilSi myofi martia sawolidan

gadmovida, Cvensken arc gamouxedavs,

iqve balaxiani mindori moaTvaliera

da miwva. dawva da aRarc ganZreula,

daiZina tkbilad.

mRerodnen naqeifari, Ramenatexi

biWebi; viRac TeTr cxens moaqrolebda

Wala-Wala; wiTel kabas moafrialebda

mSvenieri Teona, sixarulsa da

siyvaruls veRar malavdnen mTebi;

yvaoda deka, xolo dekians qvemoT ayvavebuli

dekianiviT qaTqaTebda cxvris

didi fara...

martias eZina. is Tavis miwaze iwva.

SiSi

SiSiT iyo gaJRenTili TiTqmis

mTeli saukune – SiSma moicva galaktion

tabiZis TiTqmis mTeli sicocxlec.

am saukunis didi nawili eSmakma

miisakuTra, uflis wilad ki cota ram

darCa. SiSi Rrubels hgavda – SiSiT ga-

JRenTil Rrubels.

eSinoda yvelas: cekas mdivansac da

menaxiresac; bolSeviksac da menSeviksac;

damnaSavesac da udanaSaulosac...

Turme TviT `did stalinsac~ eSinoda

– erTxel uTqvams: rusebi amomTxrian,

ar mapatieben, rom qarTveli varo...

dasasruli me-7 gverdze


4 poezia

gazafxulis wvimis Semdeg

brwyindeba are RvTiuri naTliT,

ganqra Rrubeli _ leviaTani

da iqargeba serebi qarTlis,

viT RvTismSobelis kabis kalTani.

miwyda wveTebis Cumi qilikic,

ca aris lurji da mSvidze mSvidi

da cisartyela _

qristes biliki,

mwvervalebidan mwvervalze midis.

aragvelebis monologi

xmlebiT atexil

qariT vSrebodiT,

wyluls cxeli sisxli

gvbanda,

erTi mtris Cexvas

vera vrCebodiT,

zRurblTan

meore Canda.

muxlT mainc

arvis ar veqnebodiT,

RvTis da

mamulis garda,

Cven sikvdiliTac

ise vkvdebodiT,

rom

ukvdavebas hgavda.

erTi sikvdili ras momklavs

egre rad stiri, gvirilav,

cremliT rad iTxri Tvalebsa,

giTxari, niavs uyvarxar,

Tavs imad dagtrialebsa.

xom naxe, lurjma pepelam

ra yofiT mogialersa.

cam margaliti gapkura,

mze gikocnida Tvalebsa.

mec Senebr mijnurs vnatrulob, _

laRsa, fermkrTomiaresa,

amova ciskris varskvlavi,

amoanaTebs aresa.

amoiyolebs survilsa

riJraJze moankaresa,

sakinZis Rilebs Semixsnis

marcxena ZuZus mxaresa.

ucxodamc Cametoleba,

ucxo surviliT Camlevsa,

verc gaTenebas SevityobT,

verc vigumanebT mTvaresa,

erTi sikvdili ras momklavs

mis mklavze mwoliaresa.

Sindi Semodgomis tyeSi

qaris mklavebSi

tye qarvisfer samosels ixdis,

ca aris mkrTali

da mzis sxivic ucxod amoa,

da iberiis Zvel miwaze

daRvrili sisxli

Sindis totebze

mocaxcaxe fesvebs amoaqvT.

dilis Tbil mzeSi

SaSvs galoba rogor mobezrdes,

Cumi alersi Seagebes

mnaTobs ifnebma...

da tyispirebSi,

ulamazes Sindis totebze,

iberielTa

uZvelesi sisxli mwifdeba.

qsnis xevze

mze eswrafeba Casvlasa,

mTvare amosvlas gvianobs,

galaRdi, mtero,

qsnis xevze

sisxlis Rrublebi diano,

guls javriT daminayreben,

cremls wvimad damayriano.

aprili modis

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

modis aprili, _

dro saocar xmaTa da ferTa,

SaSvis galoba Seemsxvreva

vnebiT cis kides,

kars Semogimtvrevs siyvaruli

SroSnebTan erTad

da asaks Sensas

sul fexebze Camoikidebs.

nu gaixseneb Cavlil dReebs

dardiT da sevdiT,

miende iRbals

da gangebis nebas adrove,

eg siyvaruli,

rogorc bolo simRera gedis,

sul sxva samyaros

sxva napirTan migaaxlovebs.

inTeba guli,

gaToSili yinviT da setyviT,

rom ar elodi,

imnairi sinaziT galobs

da muxlmodrekiT

uzenaess madlobas etyvi,

ukanaskneli,

RvTaebrivi saCuqris gamo.

modga aprili, _

dro saocar xmaTa da ferTa,

SaSvis galoba Semsxvrevia

vnebiT cis kides,

kars Semogimtvrevs siyvaruli

SroSnebTan erTad

da asaks Sensas

sul fexebze Camoikidebs.

guram doCanaSvilTan saubris Semdeg

arCvi var,

sityvebiT mobalaxe,

bage mzis kocniT maqvs anaceri...

ufalo,

Sena xar mokarnaxe,

me mxolod codvili gadamweri.

suli verc leqsebSi Cavatie

da arc grZnoba SemrCa gauToSi,

RmerTo,

siTamame mapatie

sityvis am RvTaebriv saufloSi.

Tendeba

manana CitiSvili

Tendeba.

caSi iSleba

nislis frTaTeTri marao,

sumbulma miTxra: “miyvarxar~,

guguliskabam _ “arao! ~

gmadlobT, gamCeno, Tu orniv

ufalma daifarao.

ukvdaveba momenatra

ra SoriSors iarebi,

Rrubels galavnebad makrav,

Seni bagis fialebiT

badagis sma momenatra.

romel brolis koSkSi grTaven,

xatauriT vina gmosavs,

netav visTvis aniaveb

mag wamwamTa maraosa.

saiT miaqvs Seni tivi

dros,

vin gixsnis ube-kalTas,

an eg mkerdi TeTr mtrediviT

vis xelebSi afrTxialda.

nuRarc SoriT iarebi,

nurc galavnad Rrubels makrav,

Seni bagis fialebiT

ukvdaveba momenatra.

laSarSi

SenTan movedi,

laSaris xevisbero

da muxlmoyrili gevedrebi:

nu damiwuneb

samsxverplo kurats,

aminTe

Taflis sami sanTeli

da vercxlis TasiT

siyvaruli

damimwyalobne.

ilaparakon am gvirilebma

Cveni Sexvedra saswauls hgavda,

yvela zRapari erTad gaxunda...

SiSiT vucdidiT karsmomdgar zamTars,

magram uecrad gamozafxulda.

tors gvcemda civi qarebis rema,

ramdeni fiqri Cumad damiwda...

Jamma iseTi siaviT gvgvema,

guls aRtaceba gadaaviwyda.

da wuTisoflis zakviT vnebulni

gza-gza namalav cremlebs vafendiT,

da erTxel, mwuxriT daRamebulni,

abrialebul cecxlSi gavTendiT.

uflisTvis arc ra iyo maluli,

guli madlobis locviT aivso...

dRes kargad viciT, es siyvaruli

aris bolo da samaradiso.

Ramis koSmarTa gaqra zmoreba,

movida grZnoba sulis damxsnelad,

da Cven sikvdilSic gvemaxsovreba,

rogor gviyvarda ukanasknelad.

pirispir SevrCiT aprils vnebians,

uwin mzisa da siTbos natrulni,

es varskvlavebi nakverCxlebia,

qristes cecxlidan gadmofantuli.

axla Tovlisfer gvirilebs vumzerT

da cas,

rom ibnevs varskvlavs Rilebad,

vTxovT,

rom Cvens Semdeg Cvens siyvarulze

ilaparakon am gvirilebma.

* * *

Soridan wylulebs veRar gimTeleb,

Sen vis iRbalze moTqvam, arRano?

moval da iseT dRes gagiTeneb,

veRaraferma ver daaRamos.

giambob, dardis ra yana vcele,

rom mxolod qaris maxsovs alersi

da Sens TvalebSi CarCenil cremlebs

amovkref bagiT umxurvalesiT.

mainc aTasjer gakoceb

me axla riT gagaoco,

marti yinulebs alxobs...

aTasjer unda gakoco,

aTiaTasjer gnaxo.

7-20 agvisto 2009


7-20 agvisto 2009

momdevs niavi fofina,

TiTqo arsaiT midis,

gana rodisme vyofilvar

gubed mdgari da mSvidi?!

tanT mecva zRapris perangi,

Senc ra iolad gende...

gulsgareT arcros vRelavdi,

arcros ucecxlod venTe.

Jami, afTrisebr myefare,

sisxlis madenda gubes,

gnoliviT Semovefare

Sens kalTasa da ubes.

ra vuyoT, sxvebi daloces,

me guls mabjenen laxvars,

mainc aTasjer gakoceb,

aTiaTasjer gnaxav.

am gazafxulze

adre mosulxar, SroSano,

adre Cagicvams farCebi,

jer isev yinuls lokaven

lomisis mTebze arCvebi.

vaiTu, susxma dagazros

mzesa da siTbos naCvevi,

am gazafxulze me da Sen

usiyvarulod davrCebiT.

jvarcma

geTsimaniis mwuxare bindi,

sofeli ramdens gevno, gedava

da mainc gwamda,

rom jvarcmad vRirdiT,

gwamda yvelafris miuxedavad.

da dasTme CvenTvis suli da xorci,

jvarze gaekar saxeliT uflis,

axla aTasi iuda gkocnis,

magram arc erTi iskvneba yulfi.

rom is samyaro Senc dagenaxa

rad mogaqvs CemTan gvirgvini eklis,

bedi xom isec bevrjer meflida,

ras ifiqrebdi,

rom Seni nekniT

RmerTi Cemnair qals Tu Seqmnida.

almuri mzis da silbo avazis,

mTvarem grZneuli suli momfina,

SenTvis viyavi ise lamazi,

rogorc arasdros ara vyofilvar.

abruebs ares surneli vardis,

mze mkerdmoReRil mindvrebs ikonebs,

me Sen miyvardi,

rogoric mwamdi,

rogoric TviTon gamogigone.

da Zvel simRerebs vwerdi xelaxla,

da leqsad locvas krZalviT vbedavdi,

rom is samyaro Senc dagenaxa,

romelsac marto TviTon vxedavdi.

Seni saxeli

var galumpuli

martis civi wvimebis TqoriT,

ra drodan gicdi,

Camogaza cremlma yvrimali,

ar genatreba saubari,

ros sityvebs Soris,

viT ekalT Sua,

unazesi vardi imalvis.

saRamovdeba,

modiddeba TvalebSi dardi,

wamwamTa tevrSic

idumalad, nela avdrdeba,

da eg saxeli _

sisxlisferad mbrwyinavi vardi,

bageebs swydeba

da sizmrebSi uCinardeba.

qsanze

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

gadaxsnilia warsulis wyluli,

mamRvrevs borotis cda da qadili,

me mxolod aq var yvelaze sruli,

yvelaze wrfeli da Tan namdvili.

mTebze Cans cixe, viT lomis tori,

mtrisTvis arami sisxlis damdeni,

me vici, ras mTxovs xofa da cxmori

an ras moelis Cemgan kabeni.

SoriT mixmoben mcxeTa da xovle,

(ixsneba zeca _ uflis sayelo,)

rom TiTo leqsi, viT mecixovne,

yvela cixeSi Camovayeno.

dae, aRsruldes gangebis Tqmuli,

nu gegonebaT, iyos advili...

magram me aq var yvelaze sruli,

yvelaze wrfeli da Tan namdvili!

* * *

marti _ mindvrebis iiT mferavi,

islis Rerebi qarma mikona,

bevri getrfoda,

magram veravin

Seni tirili ver gaigona.

Cumad Camodga bindi meserTan,

mTvare cis TaRze dajda inaxad,

Sen bevrs uyvardi,

magram verc erTma

Seni simaRle ver dainaxa.

merme Tqvi

avxedo,

zeca movxio,

davxedo,

miwa Cavxaro,

vlewo yinulis abjari,

CanCqeri avaxarxaro.

ia da vardi valaRo,

sadac ekalic ar xarobs,

Cems trfobiT niavs Semoswyrnen _

`Cveni mijnuri ar xaro...~

mermec momride bageni,

mermec Tqvi:

`ar miyvarxaro!“

adgilis dedis monatreba

iq erisTavTa

nawamebi suli mimelis,

iq unda davrCe

ukanasknel amokvnesamde,

qarTls rom uWirda,

fexze idga amer-imeri

da fSav-xevsurni

Surisgebis maxvils lesavdnen.

axla am gzebze

mxolod qari dahqris moxete

da arc qarTuli iSlebian

caSi droSani,

RmerTo, maRalo,

usamSoblo poets momxede,

kvlav makrefine gazafxulze

qsanze SroSani.

poezia

mzia Cxetiani-mindodauri

axali qarTuli simRera Zvelebur kiloze

sad mimuxTlebs bedi, Cemi mxlebeli,

nislia da gzaze sisxlis kvali Cans,

bindi mova, wava matarebeli

da moReril biWebs omSi waiyvans.

dRes soxumi saqarTvelos gulia,

aq sisxli sdis saqarTvelos – sruliad!

qarTl-kaxeTi, afxazeTi, guria...

erTia da gulis monawuria.

ver vfarav da verc verasdros vfaravdi,

mklavs, mawvalebs seni ese, maradi –

siyvaruli misi, kubos karamdi,

arsi Cemi, savizito baraTi.

daRlili var, gana daxarjuli var,

mainc cecxlad anTebuli guli var.

sanTeli var, mis xats Sewiruli var,

CaRvenTili erTgulebis saxadiT.

qarTveli var, Cemgan ar xams Ralati,

arc _ silaCre, arc _ jalaTis xalaTi!

TviT erekles amowvdili xmali var,

erTgulebis cecxlSi gamomwvari var.

afxazeTi natyviari gulia,

aq sisxli sdis saqarTvelos, sruliad!

Cvenc aq vdgavarT, ragind tanjva gvebevros,

vibrZviT, viwviT, samSoblosTvis virjebiT,

ver dagvjabno, bedo, avo bebero,

ukvdavebis zRurblze mdgari biWebi.

samSoblod Tqmuli

jer isev gvaTbobs Cveni planeta,

kvlavac imediT gvzrdian dedebi...

nu momixdebi samtrod karebTan,

vimegobroT da mtlad dagedebi.

Sen zarde baRSi Seni mzis nergi

me Cemsas davrgav, Sensas ras uSlis!

ase vixaroT mziT da sikeTiT

Sen - Sens mxareSi,

me – Cems mamulSi.

RmerTmac gvaridos tkivil-simware,

SuRli da mtroba ar gvekadreba,

cxra zRvas gamoRma mec gavixareb,

Tu cxra zRvis iqiT gagixardeba.

kacni varT...

RmerTma ase ineba:

Cven-Cveni gza gvaqvs,

mere ra moxda?

Sen cxra zRvas iqiT Tu getkineba,

me davikvneseb cxra zRvis gamoRma.

kaci kacisTvis ucxo ar gaxlavT!

mec vardebs giwvdi, joxs ar giRereb

da yvela hangze ufro xmamaRla

kvlav samSvidobos vambob simRerebs.

mesame

Cven suls gvimRvrevda mudam mesame!

am gzebsac isev mesame urevs,

ra gvemarTeba, Seni kvnesa me,

gadabrunebuls ver xedav urems?

gza erTi naTobs aq – erTobisa!

vidre wveT-wveTad Cvens sisxls Sesvamen.

nu gamixareb mters, Cems mosisxars,

mxari momeci, Seni kvnesa me!

ver grZnob, Cvens Soris ra gesls Tesaven?

mamuls xelidan rogor gvaclian?

Zma xar, dafiqrdi, Seni kvnesa me,

ra dros SuRlia,

ra dros RvarZlia!

qalSavav

Cveulad aRar icini,

ar gaanaTeb wyal-Walas,

Tol ram Cagiqro cimcima,

qalSavav, bindis TavSalav?

_ Camoiara sikvdilma,

ferdebi CamoaTava.

bevri wamgvara tol-swori

Tu TvalSuqura wawali,

is vaJic me rom movwondi,

vzi ubekalTadamwvari.

riT SerCa, an rac vitire

am TolT sicocxlis niSani,

ar vici, xval ras mipirebs

wuTisofeli pirSavi.

5


6 proza

elguja berZeniSvili

cira

kvirosi babua as wels iyo mitanebuli,

misi debi ki ass gadacilebulni,

magram kvirosis datirebisas, arc

Tmebis daSla daviwyebiaT da arc

frCxilebiT mkerdis xokva. rac Seexeba

kivils, yovel axlad gamoCenil mosamZimreebs

rom unda miagebon, aq samive

das xmam umtyuna da maTi moTqma da

tirili ezos ar gascdenia.

Zveleburi WiSkari farTod gaeRoT,

xavsian, yavriT gadaxurul WiSkars veluri

vardi Semoxveoda, wvril-wvrili,

TeTri kokrebiT daxunZluli pawia

vardebi gamabruebel surnels afrqvevdnen,

ezo mwvane iyo, forCxiT daxvetili,

erT yvavils ver dainaxavdiT;

gadamwvanebuli iyo ezo, mxolod Robis

ZirSi, aqa-iq moCanda TeTri gvirilebi.

muxis barjgebze Semdgari WiSkari

TeTrad yvaoda mzeSi. erT barjgTan me

videqi, meoresTan Cemi biZaSvili genadira.

orives mklavze farTo, Savi Za-

Za gvekeTa. Cveni movaleoba iyo sam-

Zimarze mosuli stumrebis, moyvrebis,

naTesavebis da mezoblebis miReba, gvirgvinis

CamorTmeva da micvalebulamdis

micileba, romelic ezos siRrmeSi,

cacxvis qveS iyo dasvenebuli.

ai, moadgnen mozareni WiSkars. berikacebma

Cabalaxebi moixades da TavSi

icemdnen xelebs. qalebi kiodnen. Cven

CamovarTviT gvirgvinebi, Robis sarebze

CamovacviT, mere amovudeqiT gverdiT

mgloviareebs orsave mxridan da

wavuZexiT cacxvisken.

mosamZimreebma Soridanve miatires

Wirisuflebs da isinic tiriliT Semoegebnen.

me da genadira WiSkarTan davbrundiT.

me Rrmad vsunTqavdi veluri

vardis surnels. genadira vaSls

Wamda, kbeCda wingamoyrili magari kbilebiT

da Ria nacrisfer Tvalebs tyiuriviT

abrialebda. mousvenari iyo,

erT adgilas ver Cerdeboda da miTxra:

wamoi, tyeSi gadaviaroT, SaSvis bude

meguleba, bartyebi dazrdilni iqnebiano,

ramxelaze abCenen pirs rom naxo,

gagikvirdebao.

_ stumrebs vin daxvdeba? _ vikiTxe

xmadabla.

_ uCvenodac geikvleven gzas, eger

araa cacxvis qveS, sad geiqceva.

_ sxva dros iyos-meTqi, _ vuTxari.

_ sxva dros frenas iswavlian da

carieli bude ra sanaxaviao.

me bartyebze ufro erTi gogos danaxva

mainteresebda, niavma rom Savi

dolbandi aufriala da wamiT Tvali

movkari mis lamaz saxes, gogom umalve

damala saxe dolbandSi.

_ vin aris-meTqi, vkiTxe genadiras,

vinaa is gogo-meTqi.

_ am ojaxis mkvidriao, kvirosi

babuas naSvilebi, rasilamazea rom

icode, moitaces, vincxam moitaca, igi

mokles, imizaa, Savebi rom acvia.

zariT Seegebnen Saosan gogos.

_ berikaci ra

satiralia, magan mo-

Wama misi wuTisofeli,

satirali Senia, Cveno

ubeduro gogoo, _

atirda CaxleCili

xmiT mina bebia. mina

bebias xma Cauwyda, magram

aspiro bebiam gaagrZela

tirili, is Sebrunda

da daatira

Zmas: kvirosia, adeqi Seegebe,

Caikari gulSi;

Seni cira dabrunda,

mogvakiTxa, ar dagiviwya,

mere Saosan gogos

miubrunda; rac Sen waxvedi,

sul imas iZaxda,

cira raferaao neta, xom ar uWirso,

xom ici mis SviliSvilebSi rom ar gamoerCeodio,

Seni ambavi ki ar

gviTqvams, doumaleT! gogo saxes

ifaravda, malavda, Tu ar undoda am

qveynis danaxva? me Semecoda, gogo.

cira mdumared daixara da Sublze

emTxvia kvirosi babuas, debs Caexvia,

isinic exveodnen da tirodnen,

CaxleCili xmiT moTqvamdnen. uecrad

matrone bebiam Sehkivla sixaruliT,

saxe gaubrwyinda, gaocebuli, cremliani

Tvalebi miaStera gogos. es ar iyo

mwuxarebis kivili, ufro aRtacebiT

amoZaxils miagavda. matrone bebias danaoWebuli

saxe bednierebas ufro gamoxatavda,

vidre mwuxarebas. matrone

bebia cremlebs iwmendda da gogos saidumlo

CurCuliT raRacas ekiTxeboda.

gogo Tavs uqnevda, matrone bebia

ki gaiZaxoda, dideba Senda, mamazeciero

RmerToo. miizida gogo axlos,

kocnida da efereboda, magrad ixutebda

gulSi. momeCvena, rom gogo darcxvenili

iyo, iqneb Tavs damnaSaved

Tvlida, iqneb mkvleli daiWires _

vfiqrobdi, magram ram gaaxara ase matrone

bebia, ra uTxra aseTi gogom. gogo

ki Savi dolbandiT ifaravda saxes,

lamaz saxes, ase Zalian rom mizidavda

da ase Zalian rom mindoda damenaxa.

matrone bebia gadaixara mina bebiasken

da raRac uCurCula: marTla? _ wamoiZaxa

mina bebiam, marTla? ra miTxari,

ai, nena ra gamaxare. moi, nena moi,

moi, Ceemo sayvarelo. mina bebiam gverdze

moisva gogo da efereboda. gogo

gaunZrevlad ijda. Savad Sesudrul

gogos ar surda naTeli dRis danaxva.

gamudmebiT ifaravda saxes, magram abreSumis

Txel, gamWvirvale dolbandSi

mainc atanda misi dafaruli silamaze

da Sav simuqeSi xandaxan gakrTeboda

cremlis kamkami. gogo mdumared ijda,

TeTr TmadaSlil da Savi caxociT Sublwakrul

moxuc debs Soris, odnav

Tavdaxrili, gaqvavebuli, orive xeli

mucelze daewyo da miwas Cascqeroda.

mere kvlav gaiswora dolbandi, wamodga

da misianebisken gaemarTa. misianebi

ki isini iyvnen, vinc wyalgaRma Soreul

soflidan, pativsacemad, tirilSi

gamohyolodnen. isini sefaSi damsxdariyvnen

da adgomas ar apirebdnen,

mTels Cvens kuTxeSi ganTqmuli iyo

kvirosis `janis” Rvino, Cinebuli, surnelovani

Rvino, albaT amitomac iyo,

sefidan xandaxan gaismoda mokle Semo-

Zaxili.

_ dRevandeli dRei, _ ambobda matrone

bebia saxegabadruli, _ bednierebis

dReia, _ Tan cremlebs imSralebda

xelis guliT.

_ gadairie, qalo? Zmai win giwevs

da aia bedniereba? _ sayveduriT uTxra

mina bebiam.

_ mase ar miTqvams me, mara arc magia

didi ubedureba, sacodav kvirosias

Cvenc rom gavyolodiT ar jobda? ar

iqneboda kai?

_ mai dRei araa Sors, _ Tqva aspiro

bebiam siciliT da ukbilo pirze

xeli aifara.

_ ra geCqareba neta, ramdeni saqmea

gasakeTebeli.

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

_ me mase ar miTqvams, _ Tqva matrone

bebiam, _ me gogo Semebrala, sacodavs

raRacam xom unda gauxaros guli,

mamis suls geficebi, awi Tu rame gamixardeboda,

aRar megona, amis Tqmai

mindoda, nametari gamexarda, guli Tu

ar gamiskdeboda aRar megona, rom

Sevityve.

_ TviTon giTxra cicam? _ ikiTxa

mina bebiam.

_ ara. CemiT mivxvdi, xeli rom movxvie

maSin.

_ rois? _ ikiTxa aspiro bebiam da

yurze amoifara xeli, roiso?

_ rois da rom mivixute maSin,

wixlebi rom damiSina, Semiqanda guli

saguleSi.

matrone bebia uxmod icinis, wiTel

RrZilebs aCens, naoWebiT daRarul

saxeze cremli sdis sixarulis, mina

bebia da aspiro bebiac xaroben. debis

sixaruls ar iziarebda kvirosi babua.

mas magrad eZina da araferi esmoda,

TeTr TmaSi Cavardnili futkari cdilobda

amosvlas, magram esec ar gaugia,

amboben, rom aRarasodes gaaxels Tvalso.

_ ai kai, Cven ase gagvaxara misma gamoCenam

da misma ambavma, magram TviTon

ra Tqva? _ ikiTxa xmadabla mina bebiam,

_ raio, ra Tqva, datiebas xom apirebs?

_ gadirie, dao? magi ram gafiqrebina,

deitiebs, aba ras izams.

_ aba ras izams, _ Tqva genadiram,

_ vincxam xom unda gaacxebinos suli

im unamusos!

_ vin unamusos? _ Cumad vkiTxe

genadiras.

_ vin da, vincxam moukla mama.

_ mama? mama Tu qmari?

_ sulerTia magi, igi ar unda iarebodes

miwaze cocxali.

_ nena, Sen wai, Sens saqmes mixede.

arikaci ar gekiTxeba sxvis ambavs.

_ wamoi, _ miTxra genadiram, _

modian.

Sors, Sukis bolodan, kivili moismoda.

me da genadira barjgebTan davdeqiT,

viRac TmadaSlilma qalma moakivla

WiSkars, mis kivils saTxiledan

gamoexmaurnen mamali indaurebi. me da

genadiras sicili wagvskda. qali isev

akivlda da saTxiledan isev gamoexmianen

indaurebi, Cven gvirgvini CamovarTviT

mgloviareebs da mesris sarebze

davkideT. gverdiT amovudeqiT

stumrebs da cacxvisaken daviZariT.

Wirisuflebi mxiarulad saubrobdnen.

`neta ra uTxra gogom moxucebs”. yvelaferi

rom moTavdeba, genadiras vki-

Txav, iman yvelaferi icis.

Cven, me da genadira didxans videqiT

WiSkarTan, magram aRaravin gamoCenila,

mere WiSkarTan uremi Camoayenes, uremSi

wiTeli xarebi iyo Sebmuli, didi,

TeTrrqebiani xarebi, mTel qveyanas

rom erCivna kvirosi babuas. Cven gvirgvinebi

CamovkideT urems, kvirosi babua

rom gadaasvenes ezodan da uremze

daasvenes, sefaSi simRera wamoiwyes,

debi daclil Sua ezoSi idgnen da mo-

Tqvamdnen.

_ jorkodan jorkze ver gadavjdebi

da sasaflaoze rafer avaRwev?

_ tiroda mina bebia.

stumrebisTvis mowyobil sefaSi

xandaxan wamokruli simRera gaismoda.

_ kai, sircxvilia, ra drois simReraa,

Seityobs gogo da Tavi mogveWreba,

rafer ginda mere, rom Sexedo Tvaleb-

Si, _ ismoda qalis xma da mas, boxi xmiT

pasuxobda kaci: `Tu ici Sen, ra xnis iyo

ai micvalebuli, magis xnobamde mimaRwevia

da mere Tu ginda Cems saflavze

xorumi icekveT WiboniT da doliT~...

_ ai xalxi ar apirebs neta wasvlas?

_ ikiTxa matrone bebiam.

_ Znelia daia kvirosis Rvinis mitoveba,

_ Tqva mina bebiam, _ wamoiT,

gausinjoT gemo, romel Wuridanaa Tu

iciT?!

_ waiT axla, Tavs nu daixocavT Sim-

7-20 agvisto 2009

SiliT, TiTo lukma CeicdineT pirSi,

_ Cailaparaka genadiram.

_ genadira gadareulo, Sen aqana

unda iyo axla, _ CaxleCili boxi xmiT

SesZaxa aspiro bebiam.

_ a, mivalT! wamoi! _ Tqva genadiram

da xeli gadamxvia. Cven sirbiliT

wamovewieT kvirosi babuas urems da

gavyeviT sasaflaosaken.

ukanaskneli

cnobebi...

Savi yuTi. garsmovlebul CarCos

SuagulSi, qvemoT, oqrosferi warwera

_ anasonic. Savi yuTis marcxena kuTxeSi,

qvemoT, inTeba wiTeli Rilaki, vidre

teleekrani ganaTdebodes da gamosaxuleba

gamoCndebodes ismis gamayruebeli,

uwyveti gabmuli xriali da

diqtoris xma: `ama wlis 15 maiss, diliT,

daaxloebiT 6 saaTsa da 30 wuTze

baTumis sanapiro parkSi moxda ubeduri

SemTxveva”.

ekrani nel-nela naTdeba da Cndeba

zRvis piras mdgari sazRvao policiis

inspeqtori, TeTr formaSi gamowyobili

axalgazrda kaci. is mSvidad ganagrZobs

saubars: `zRvaSi Sevida ucnobi

qali da daixrCo. ar gamovricxavT

TviTmkvlelobis versias, Cven moviwvieT

am ambis erT-erTi TviTmxilveli

_ gTxovT, qalbatono!” kadrSi Semodis

da msxvili planiT Cndeba WaRara

mandilosani. is aRelvebiT laparakobs:

`diliT Zalian adre gameRviZa,

samzareuloSi gavedi yavis mosaduReblad.

Cveni fanjrebi zRvas gadahyurebs.

radgan Zalian bneloda, farda

gadavwie. mindoda damenaxa rogori

dari idga, magram sruliad sxva ram

davinaxe. dilis bindbundSi viRac martoxela

qali ukacriel sanapirosken

miiCqaroda, gamikvirda, vin aris am dilaadrianad,

ra unda zRvaze-meTqi.

isic gamikvirda, xelSi gaSlili qolga

rom ekava. mere vifiqre, albaT bavSvebs

daeZebs, isini xom uTenia gamodian

zRvis piras da talRebisgan gamoyril

niJarebs daeZeben da agroveben, mere

saferfleebad rom mihyidon turistebs,

magram erTi bavSvic ar daminaxavs~.

kadrSi Semodis policiis inspeqtori

da TviTmxilvel mandilosans

mokrZalebiT eubneba: `qalbatono,

Tqven mxolod is gviTxariT, rac dainaxeT~.

SeniSvniT SemkrTali mandilosani

swrafad agrZelebs Sewyvetil sityvas:

`diax, davinaxe zRvisken mimavali qolgiani

qali, roca is napirs miuaxlovda,

swrafad gaixada kaba da kombinizonis

amara swrafad gaemarTa zRvisken,

talRebSi SesvlisTanave gaqra, TiTqos

zRvam Caylapao. me Tvalebs ar vujerebdi.

Tvals ar vaSorebdi talRebs,

iqneb sadme gamoCndes, iqneb sadme

amoyos Tavi-meTqi, magram is zRvidan

aRar amosula. mivxvdi, rac gaakeTa da

Zalian SemeSinda. ai sul es iyo, rac Cemi

TvaliT davinaxe. mezoblebs yvelas eZina,

rom gameRviZebina ras uSvelidnen,

magram vinmesTvis xom unda meTqva, avdeqi

da Tqven SegatyobineT~.

_ sworadac moiqeciT! _ ambobs inspeqtori

da bloknotSi raRacas iwers.

qalbatoni ki xels iSvers gverdiT

da ambobs: ai, iq awyvia yvelaferi, rac

datova.

ekranze moCans aqafebuli talRebi,

sveli qvebi, moqufruli ca da

TeTrqafmoreuli talRebi. kamera mihyveba

napirs, obieqtivi nela micocavs

svel qvebze da uecrad im adgilas, sadac

qalis mitovebuli nivTebi awyvia,

moCans daWmuWmuli kaba, erTmaneTis

gverdiT miwyobili maRalqusliani

fexsacmelebi, iqve agdia dakecili


7-20 agvisto 2009

qolgac. kadris siRrmeSi moCans usazRvro

sivrce da obieqtivis minaze SerCenili

didroni Sxefebi. bundovnad

moCans aborgebuli TeTri talRebi,

Sxefebi nel-nela dacigligoben da

dawmendili obieqtivi uCvenebs caSi

atyorcnil talRebs.

sabralo qali vinmes rom gadayroda

im wams, vinmes rom daeZaxa: SeCerdi,

qalo, ras Cadixaro. rogori idumali

silamaze mosavs! SeCerdi, SeCerdi, Se-

Cerdi, magram mas am qveynisa aRaraferi

ar esmis. qali gaqra TiTqos, zRvam Caylapa.

talRebi uxmaurod iSlebian qvi-

Sian napirze, siCumeSi, mdumarebaSi,

azvirTebul talRebSi wamiT Cndeba da

iZireba kombinizoniani qalis sxeuli,

xandaxan Camofxrewili kombinizonidan

amovardeba cali, mZime, TeTri

ZuZu da umalve iZireba. aqafebul tal-

RebSi, wamiT Cndeba gogos Camorecxili

Tma, gafiTrebuli, gaqvavebuli saxe,

mTvarisferi Ria Tvalebi, mistiuri,

idumali. yvrimalze akruli sifrifina,

patara niJarebi, TvalebSi SiSi da

Zrwola. TmaSi wyalmcenareebi, daSlili

kavebi, TeTr qafSi Savi gvelebiviT

iklaknebian da mis yels exvevian. silamaze

dasaRupavad ganwiruli, ara,

ara, ara, ara ar gavatan zRvas am simalazes,

SeCerdi, SeCerdi, SeCerdi, Se-

Cerdi, qalo, ra gawyenines, ase rogor

gatkines guli, ase advilad rom imeteb

Tavs, nuTu ar genaneba Seni sinorCe,

Seni sinaze, SeCerdi, SeCerdi, SeCerdi,

gTxov SeCerde, SeCerdi, gogona! nela

abrunebs Tavs, siZulviliT savse mzera,

nela iZireba talRebSi, mere Cndeba misi

saxe, TeTri, gafiTrebuli, gaqvavebul

saxeze SeiZra Calurjebuli bageebi da

aborgebul talRebis uxmauro mquxarebaSi

moisma CauRweveli siRrmidan,

Soridan, TiTqos zRvis fskeridan

amoRweuli xmaCamwydari xma: `vin xar

Sen? Cems gadarCenas rom lamob... iqneb

ggonia, sikeTes Cadixar, ra ici Sen, Cemi

saidumlo, ra ici, Sen, ra moxda da rac

moxda, imis Semdeg aRar minda sicocxle,

ra ici, iqneb sikvdili xsnaa~. tal-

Rebma CaiTries qali, gaaqres, gadakarges.

sikvdili yvelasaTvis xsnaa.

talRebi uxmaurod iSlebian qviSaze.

policiis inspeqtori, kabaSi frTxilad

axvevs qalis fexsacmelebs, iRebs

qolgas, da uwvdis ucnob policiels,

romelic aqomamde ar gamoCenila

ekranze.

inspeqtori xmamaRla acxadebs: cxadia,

kabiT da fexsacmelebiT saqme ar

gaixsneba, magram am erTaderT nivTier

mtkicebulebas, aq xom ar davtovebT,

Cven mas sammarTveloSi CavabarebT da

is saqmes waadgeba, saqme ki aRZrulia.

axla mTavaria gvamis povna, magram

aseT RelvaSi, roca talRebi xuT bals

aRwevs, Zebna SeuZlebelia. Cven mogviwevs

cda. erT or dReSi albaT zRva

damSviddeba, talRebi daiklebs da SeudgebiT

Zebnas. ukve gafrTxilebulia

maSvelTa korpusi, mzadyofnaSia ramodenime

motoriani navi, katerebi, Cven

aucileblad vipoviT gvams, an zRva

gamoriyavs sadme. policieli stovebs

ekrans, ukanasknel, TeTr talRebs STanTqavs

sibnele. ekrani bneldeba, uecrad

naTdeba da moCans gamayruebel

RriancelSi saSineli Setakeba, adamianebi

umowyalod scemen erTmaneTs,

gamSveleblebic erevian muStikrivSi,

veluri yiviliT ubraguneben muStebs

cxvir-pirSi. dasisxlianebuli saxeebi,

Semoxeuli pijakebi, gverdze moqceuli

sayeloebi, haerSi dafrinavs awyvetili

TeTri maqmanebi, TeTri pepela

halstuxebi, ramodenime moCxubari

uZravad agdia iatakze, msxvili planiT

Cndeba yrontSi xelwaWerili, enagadmogdebuli

msuqani kaci _ `Cveni

partia arasodes” _ xrotinebs igi CaxleCili

xmiT, mas TavSi xvdeba skamis

fexi da mocelili ecema iatakze, is,

vinc uTavaza TavSi keti, xmaliviT

iqnevs skamis fexs da yviris `wadiT,

Tqveni partiac”... am aliaqoTSi uwyvetad

ismis mikrofonSi qalis gamyinavi

xma: kolegebo! kolegebo! kolegebo!

gTxovT daikavoT adgilebi!

me vTiSav televizors. dadumda

pandoras yuTi. vin iyo is sacodavi

qali? yuTis marcxena kuTxeSi dabla,

cimcimebs wiTeli Suqi. wiTeli wertili

nel-nela mcirdeba, rogorc SuqniSani,

matareblis bolo vagonisa, sibneleSi

rom dainTqmeba da CaiZireba.

axla iq, bnel RameSi, borgaven tal-

Rebi. zRva xmaurobs, mZimed irweva

wyalmcenareebSi gaxveuli qalis sxeuli.

vin icis, am saRamosac ki gamoriya

sadme qviSaze da Riad darCenil TeTri

TvalebiT ascqeris civad mocimcime

Soreul varskvlavebs, vin iyo neta, an

qolga raRad undoda?

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

dasasruli

yvelas Tavisi SiSi hqonda - yvelas

Tavisi uZilo Rameebi Trgunavda da

awamebda. galaktionsac sakuTari SiSi

ungrevda Caketil karebs... SiSiT ga-

JRenTili Rrublebis samefoSi iwereboda

misi leqsebi. RrublebiT amovsebuli

dro ukidegano burusad iqca. am

buruss arc dasawyisi uCanda da arc –

dasasruli. iyo qalaqebi, iyo soflebi,

hquxda tribuna, yefda radio, magram

yovelive es burusSi iyo da am burusSi

adamianebi ki ara, adamianTa aCrdilebi

ilandebodnen. SemTxveviTi

arc isaa, rom oTar CxeiZem Tavis erTerT

saukeTeso romans swored `burusi~

uwoda da am romanSi swored es ukidegano

burusi aRwera.

galaktionis es SiSi Tu ver SeigrZeni,

Tu mas gemo ar gausinje, Tu Sxamma

ar dagiara mTel sxeulSi – ise ver waikiTxav

mas da mis dros.

me, piradad, roca galaktions mTlianad

vkiTxulob (da ara nawil-nawil,

da ara mxolod rCeul leqsebs, SiSze

kidev ufro raRac saSinels vxedav: mas

sikvdilisa ki ar eSinoda, katorRis

civi qari ki ar iWreboda mis TeTr RameebSi...

ara! ara! mas sakuTari Tavis ki

ara, sakuTari Semoqmedebis gadarCena

undoda. mas imisa eSinoda, rom moklavdnen

da aRar daiwereboda is leqsebi,

romlebic ukve momdgariyvnen dasabadeblad.

es SiSi `fexmZime poetis~

SiSi iyo. poeziis gadasarCenad iwereboda

antipoezia – revoluciisa da revoluciis

beladebis sadidebeli leqsebi

da poemebi. iwereboda maSinac ki,

roca xalxs sisxlis tba yelamde miswvda,

`Soreuli aRmosavleTis~ cixeebi

`udanaSaulo damnaSaveebiT~ aivso

da am `damnaSaveebs~ Soris misi uaxloesi

adamianebic iyvnen, magram...

magram, is xom arc medrove iyo da

arc – sulmdabali; arc yru iyo da arc

brma... is burusis Svili iyo, burusSi

qmnida Tavis Semoqmedebas; is burusis

Svili iyo da roca miicvala, samaredac

is burusi eqca.

leqsi

qarTul poeziaSi Sedevrebi sanTliT

saZebni araa, magram am did erovnul

saganZurSi aris araerTi iseTi

leqsic, romelic mxolod Sedevrobaze

ar acxadebs pretenzias da Sedevrze

odnav metia, `erTi gafreniT metia~.

aseT leqsebSi mxolod erTi poetis subieqturi

xma ki ara – saerTo, erovnuli

zaris guguni ismis da am zars TviT

ufali rekavs.

amjerad sam aseT leqsze minda SevCerde.

upirvelesad `meranze~ mogaxsenebT

oriod sityvas. es leqsi saqarTvelos

istoriis im monakveTSi daiwera, roca

mzakvruli politikiT SemoRweulma

rusma kolonizatorma sabolood gaauqma

erovnuli saxelmwifos sammarTvelo

sistema da fexqveS gaigdo

yovelive is, risTvisac qveyanas qveyana

hqvia, nacionaluri saxelmwifo ewodeba:

moSala samefo taxti da akrZala

qarTuli ena skolebsa da saxelmwifo

dawesebulebebSi; gaauqma saxelmwifo

– daSala igi da guberniebis sax-

proza 7

mamuka wiklauri

sxvadasxva

drois

Canawerebi

iT SeuerTa ruseTs, gaauqma TviT sityva

`saqarTvelo~; moSala avtokefalia

da akrZala qarTuli wirva-locva...

am usazRvro unamusobaze gaocebiT

daaRo piri sacodavma qarTvelma, – es

rogoro! _ daigmines 1832 wlis SeTqmulebma;

_ es rogoro! _ iyvira mariam

dedofalma da xanjali gauyara

rusis oficers; _ es rogoro! _ igrgvina

konstantine dadeSqelianma da...

ai, am fonze daiwera `merani~. masSi

swored mojadoebuli wris garRvevis

dauokebeli wyurvili da `bedis samZ-

Rvris gadalaxvis suliskveTebaa adevnebuli

gafrenili meranis fafars. arc

ilia orbelianis datyveveba da arc

oficrobaze meocnebe poeti! es saqar-

Tvelos adgilis dedis Tavganwiruli

wivili ismis qarSi; es qarTvelTa uZvelesi

RvTaeba – TeTri giorgi laparakobs

didi poetis piriT: – `gaswi, merano!..~

`kai yma~ ki maSin daiwera, roca monobis

uRelSi Sebmuli eris zneobas gauCnda

erozia. arada, zneoba qarTvel-

Ta umTavresi iaraRi iyo yovelTvis.

swored zneobiT amarcxebda qarTveli

eri kaliasaviT Semoseul mters. es leqsi

maSin daiwera, roca CarC-vaWrebi-

Ta da mxolod sakuTar jamSi Camacqerali

`CoTqiani~ naZiralebiT aivso qveyana.

`kai ymaSi~ daJangebuli gordas sevda

amoiRvara:

`Rame maZRrebi daswvebiT,

diliT mSivrebi sdgebiTa;

Tavis jams CascqerT, saqveynod

arc ros ar gamasdgebiTa.

Tavisad scocxlobT, mconared

leSi alaRoT, hkvebdiTa,

gaigebT kargis garjasa,

gwyinsT da SuriTa xdebiTa,

uqmad CamahlevT sicocxles,

uqmad saflavSi swvebiTa,

dahkargavT saaqaosa,

verc saiqios swvdebiTa.

ar iciT, dasCndiT risada,

an risaTvisa hkvdebiTa!~

aqve minda gavixseno kidev erTi leqsi,

romelSic xalxuri genia gugunebs,

romelSic gautexlobisa da daumor-

Cileblobis xma ismis mowodebad:

`ar gastydeT, arxotivnebo,

gatexviT ra iqnebisa!

visac mogvikvlen, davmarxoT,

axla sxva gaizrdebisa!~

es leqsic saqarTvelos istoriis

did mdinares mohyva da dResac axali

sicocxliTa da sabrZolo suliskveTebiT

ikiTxeba igi. aseTi iyo Cveni warsuli.

dapyrobis dauokebeli wadiliT

iyurebodnen Cvensken didron-didroni

saxelmwifoebi. zogierTs dResac

Cveni `siyvaruliT~ ukvnesis guli da

dResac maTganaa dafleTili Cveni samkvidro

miwa. dResac isev avad SemogvRmuis

madadaucxromeli mteri da amitom

swvdeba zecas mSobliuri miwis wiaRidan

da mSobeli xalxis gulidan amovardnili

xma:

- ar gastydeT!.. ar gastydeT, radgan

mtris Sekaveba mxolod xalxis Tavgzianobas,

mxolod xalxur gautexlobas

da xalxur Tavganwirvas xelewifeba!

erTi xeliT da guliTaa Seqmnili

`merani~, `kai yma~ da `ar gastydeT!~ es

leqsebi Cveni miwis Rrma fenebidan amoisrola

adgilis dedam.


8 gamoxmaureba

tariel Wanturia

sarCeli

1.

Cemma mkiTxvelma SeiZleba icodes:

Cveulebrivi mrgvali saiubileo Tari-

Rebis _ vTqvaT, 50-is, 60-is, 70-is, 80is,

90-is nacvlad, me sazogadoebas Sev-

Tavaze saiubileo TariRebis axali

modeli _ erTnairi cifrebi _ 11, 22,

33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88, 99... _ ori xuTiani,

ori eqvsiani, ori Svidiani, ori rviani,

ori cxriani...

swored ivlisSi Semisrulda es Cemeuli

saiubileo TariRi _ 77 weli!

_ ori Svidiani!

iubile Cvenma axaldaarsebulma Tu

axalaRdgenilma gazeTma ori kritikuli

weriliT _ lanZRva-ginebiT _

momiloca!

erTi werilis avtorebi cotne da

sandro TvaraZeebi brZandebian, meorisas

ki ar vaxseneb, davtoveb ase, uxseneblad

_ mis avtors, rogorc Cans, araferi

aqvs saerTo mwerlobasTan, gansakuTrebiT

Cemi werilis TemasTan _

poeziasTan, da mxolod sakuTari saxelis

reklama ainteresebs. am siamovnebas

ki ar mivaniWeb.

axla cota ram imis Taobaze, Tu ram

damawerina `cudi interviu~, agreTve

pasuxi Tamaz CxenkelisaTvis, visdami

Cems siyvarulsa da uRrmes pativiscemaSi,

rac mTavaria, Tavad Tamaz Cxenkels

ar epareba araviTari eWvi!

ar vicodi, cotnec Tu werda rames.

Tu es debiutia misi, piradad me aRtacebuli

ara var amiT. yovel SemTxveva-

Si, yvelafridan Cans, rom tandemSi

lideris maisuri sandros acvia. mokled,

Cems gulSi avtorad mainc mas vTvli.

ase rom, roca tandemi Cems abdaubdaze

laparakobs, es, etyoba, batoni

sandros daskvnaa. ase vTqvaT, Cems mier

misi misamarTiT gamoTqmuli saqebari

sityvebis samagieroa.

avtorebi r. TvaraZes rom mixasiaTeben,

amaze tyuilad irjebian. Cemi mizani

sulac ar yofila, r. TvaraZisTvis

raRaceebi wamomeZaxebina, vTqvaT, is,

rom partiis cekaSi muSaobda. da Tu

mainc mikiJineben amas, maSin unda vTqva,

rom gulubryvilod gamoiyureba

Cemi oponentebis mcdeloba, ubralo

saqmed gamoacxadon r. TvaraZis zneobrivi

kompromisebi. cekaSi imitom ijda,

rom bibliaze emuSavao! RmerTis

motyueba nametani Wirs! iudamac _

SiSTvil iba _ adga da Tavi Camoixr-

Co! da avdgeT axla da iudas fenomenis

gamarTleba vcadoT? Tumca me es

ambebi aRar mikvirs. arc is mikvirs, saqarTveloSi

lustraciis kanonis miReba

rom ara da ar undaT!

ra SeiZleboda r. TvaraZis sawinaaRmdego

mqonoda galaktion tabiZes-

Tan mimarTebaSi! arc araferi. mogagonebT

Cems azrs, romelic gamoTqmuli

maqvs vaxtang javaxaZis wignisadmi

miZRvnil werilSi `ucnobi~:

`ucnobi~, revaz TvaraZis, mixeil

kveselavasa da nodar tabiZis wignebTan

erTad, galaktionologiis pirveli

furclebia~.

`danarCeni Wirisufali, rogorc

vTqvi, saqarTveloa! _ igive revaz

TvaraZe, igive mixeil kveselava, igive

vaxtang javaxaZe~.

ai, aseTi gaxldaT Cemi damokidebuleba

r. TvaraZisadmi _ galaktionologisadmi

manam, sanam erT mSvenier

dRes xelSi ar aviRe galaktionis

rCeuli, Sedgenili batoni revaz TvaraZis

mier.

rCeulma damarwmuna, rom r. TvaraZis,

rogorc galaktionologis kompetencia

nulis tolia! _ rogor Sei-

Zleba, kacs, romelmac galaktionis

rCeulSi mariam gariyulis `reCi~ Seitana

galaktionis leqsad, galaktionologi

uwoda! roca me es `aRmoCena~ gavakeTe

da mogvianebiT, roca vaxtang

javaxaZem Cemi es `aRmoCena~ faqtiT

daadastura (man ipova mariam gariyulis

is sityva, romelic r. TvaraZem

rCeulSi galaktionis leqsad Seitana),

gavCumdi, aRar momidvia cisa da

qveynisTvis es ambavi! mxolod axla,

gabrazebul gulze, vTqvi mwared is,

rac vTqvi!

r. TvaraZe am faqtis Taobaze ar

Semxmianebia, magram is dRe iyo da is

dRe, wesieri gamarjoba aRar uTqvams!

Rimilis momgvrelia r. TvaraZis

RvTismoSiSobaze saubari! sainteresoa,

rogor moariga erTmaneTSi biblia

da partiis wesdeba, lenin-stalini

da petre-pavle, sikeTe da boroteba,

marTali da tyuili! Cems im nawyen

opusSi saWirod ar CamiTvlia, CamomeTvala

isic, Tu ram kargi gamosvlia

xelidan r. TvaraZes! albaT amas movaxerxebdi,

magram im wuTas Cemi Tema da

mizani sxva iyo!

Cveni ojaxis saqmeSi erevao, damiweres

cotne da sandro TvaraZeebma!

ician Cemianebma, me Cemi ojaxis saqmeeb-

Si ar verevi tradiciis doneze da sxvis

saqmeSi ratom Cavereodi! me sxvisi

ojaxis saqmeebSi ki ar Caverie, Cemi

ojaxis _ qarTuli poeziis saqmeebSi

Caverie! rodis Caverie maTi ojaxis saqmeebSi!

rodis vaxsene rusudani _ namdvili

RvTismoSiSi qarTveli qali!

rodis vaxsene gansvenebuli leila _

rezis pirveli meuRle, namdvili marTlmadidebeli

qristiani, romelic

wlebis manZilze mgalobelTa gunds

xelmZRvanelobda sionis taZarSi!

rodis vaxsene inga lorTqifaniZe _

SesaniSnavi mecnieri da aseve namdvili

qristiani qalbatoni! rodis vaxsene

igive cotne, romelic yovelTvis ise

miyvarda, rogorc saerTod miyvars

Cemi Svilis Taobis kargi biWebi! me vaxsene

rezis SecdomebTan da kompromisebTan

dakavSirebuli ori-sami faqti,

Torem, sxva ram ganzraxva mqonoda,

sxvagvaradac movaxerxebdi saubars!

ojaxis saqmeebSi Carevaa? Seni Svilis

poetur krebulebs rom naxav da

mcire xnis mere sayovelTao gancxadebas

gaakeTeb, aravTari poezia da

poeti saqarTveloSi ar arsebobso! es

gancxadeba Sens Svils ar exeba? da Tu

es faqti vaxsene, es ojaxis saqmeebSi Carevaa?

es aris ara vinmes ojaxis saqmeebSi

Careva, aramed qarTuli poeziis

saqmeebSi Careva! da amis ufleba ara

maqvs?

iqneb gadavaWarbe! oRond mTavar-

Si rom marTali var, amaze ori azri

ar unda arsebobdes. gavimeoreb, gavimeaTeb

da gavimeaTaseb, ra aris es mTavari!

`galaktionisa da ana kalandaZis

garda poets aravis davarqmevdi!~

revaz TvaraZe

`meoce saukunis gamoCenili qar-

Tveli poetebi erTad rom Sekra, muxlebamdec

ver miswvdebian galaktions~.

Tamaz Cxenkeli

ai, aman gamaRiziana da gamaRiziana

samarTlianad! es unda momwoneboda?

ar unda mecada garkveva, unda ganvagrZo

Tu ara wera! Tu _ davjde unda

da mTeli darCenili cxovreba viki-

Txo mxolod galaktioni, romelic qarTuli

poeziis did triadaSi myavs dasaxelebuli

(SoTa, akaki, galaktioni),

da merec araerTi xotba maqvs misi dawerili!

CamovTvalo? sul arafers ar

kiTxuloben? an galaktions rad unda

masTan erTad damarxuli saqarTvelo,

an, davijero, aRtacebaSi movidoda,

qarTuli poeziis sikvdils Tu gaigebda?

erTia, rom saerTod uWirs poezias

_ samefo xils, da meorea is ucnauri

faqti, rom saqarTveloSi namdvili

hazavaTi wamoiwyes ara zogadad poeziis,

aramed maincadamainc qarTuli poeziis

winaaRmdeg, da cdiloben, am bin-

Zuri omis mosagebad gamoiyenon `masobrivi

mospobis iaraRi~ _ galaktioni!

cudi intervius avtoris advokatoba

rom ikisres, werilis avtorebs

win erTi siZnele daxvdaT: Tu isini

rogorme ver gaaneitralebdnen im

samarcxvino frazas (galaktionisa da

ana kalandaZis garda poets aravis davarqmevdio),

batoni revaz TvaraZis-

Tvis piris mowmenda gaWirdeboda. da

ai, werilSi gaCnda aseTi versia: Jurnalistma

Turme `erTi konkretuli

fraza damaxinjebulad gaitana saTaurad,

ris gamoc mama maSin Zalian Sewuxebuli

iyo. es garemoeba b-n tariels

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

cxadia, SeiZleba ar scodnoda~. cota

waibodiSesaviT, iqneb dagveTanxmoso.

ar gamova eg saqme. Tu Sewuxebuli iyo,

ojaxis wevrebTan ki ar unda ewuwuna,

unda redaqciaSi misuliyo da gazeT-

Si gancxadeba gaekeTebina. ra rogoraa

saWiro aseT SemTxvevaSi, mSvenivrad

icoda kacma, romelmac mTeli cxovreba

kancelariebSi gaatara! amitom

avtori frazisa _ galaktionisa da

ana kalandaZis garda poets aravis davarqmevdio

_ batoni revaz TvaraZea!

avtorebs Tavadac eeWvebodaT, rom

am SeTxzul versias vinme daijerebda.

amitom naTqvams aseTi gagrZeleba aqvs:

`vTqvaT, revaz TvaraZem marTlac is

dawera... amitom adamiani unda anaTemas

gadavceT?~ ese igi, Txouloben amnistias

_ mere ra, rom gogla leoniZes,

tician tabiZesa da kompanias poetis

saxeli CamoarTva, unda epatios!

mTavari mainc sxva ram yofila: `yvelaze

guldasawyveti aq is aris, rom es

Secdoma mosdis inteleqtualuri

profesiis adamians. ra movTxovoT ma-

Sin politikosebs, inteleqtualuri

sferodan daSorebul xalxs?~...

kargia, ara?

fulis gaTeTreba viciT, rac aris!

saxelis gaTeTeba? es naklebmniSvnelovani

raRac gvgonia!

vTqvaT, Sen iyavi komunisti! metic

_ komunisturi ideologiis damcveli!

_ vTqvaT, cenzori! vTqvaT, iyavi

cekas pirveli mdivnis ndobiT aRWurvili

piri maSindeli fsevdoarCevnebis

dros; iyavi partiis Tbilisis saqalaqo

komitetis biuros wevri da miRebuli

gaqvs yvela komunisturi ordeni

da medali! diax, es iyo ase, magram

dRes Sen aRar mowons Seni warsuli da

gadawyvite, gaaTeTro igi iseve, rogorc

mavani da mavani aTeTrebs fuls!

_ WuWyian, saeWvo warmomavlobis

fuls!

faqtia: bevri axerxebs dRes amas, da

aqvT didi saxeli da bevri fuli _ tetri,

tetri...

(gaxsovT eldar Sengelaias `ara-

Cveulebrivi gamofena~, xom?)...

ris damtkicebas cdiloben Cveni

axalgazrda kritikosebi _ sul er-

Tia, vin rogor gaiara cxovrebis gza?

givi gegeWkori rom ar yofila kompartiis

wevri da petre rom iyo, sul

erTia?

oTar WilaZe rom ar yofila kompartiis

wevri da pavle rom iyo, sul

erTia?

Tamaz Cxenkeli rom ar yofila kompartiis

wevri da ivane rom iyo, sul

erTia?

revaz TvaraZe rom iyo kompartiis

wevri da me ar vyofilvar, sul erTia?

iyos, batono, sul erTi! _ sul er-

Tia, bolomde sul erTi mainc ver dar-

Ceba! _ adgeba viRaca, aka morCilaZis

an laSa buRaZis an daTo turaSvilis

an kote yubaneiSvilis an rati amaRlobelis

an daviT qarTveliSvilis an

zaza burWulaZis an maTnairi qalis an

kacis Wkuis, da or sias gaaSanSalebs

_ erTSi partiuli mwerlebis gvarebi

iqneba, meoreSi _ upartioebis! da gakeTdeba

es ara eris gaTiSvis, aramed

swored misi gaerTianebis mizniT, rom

namdvilad moverioT Semcdar warsuls,

namdvilad movinanioT, namdvilad

wavideT win, da aRarasodes gaver-

TiandeT leninis, duCes, hitleris,

truxilios da ZmaTa maTTa partiebSi!

es ki manam ar moxdeba, sanam uars vambobT

lustraciaze... sanam Tund erTi

ubralo gadakruli sityva, ubralo

miniSneba gvaRizianebs da vebrZviT

erTmaneTs, radgan Turme cudi mamebic

nayvarebaT Svilebs. gagaxsenoT?

_ `adamians yovlad uvargisi mama SeiZleba

hyavdes da, bunebrivia, isic ki eyvareba

da misTvis Seuracxyofis miyenebas

aravis apatiebs...~

vTqvaT, Cikotilo iyo mamaCemi _

ai, is, 52 qalbatoni rom moaxrCo wamebiT!

isic unda miyvardes da arc misi

Seuracxyofa unda vapatio aravis?

an politikosebi ratom arian inteleqtualizmisagan

Sors! _ marTla

asea mahaTma gandis an vaclav havelis,

CerCilis an sen-Jon persis, merab kostavas

an zviad gamsaxurdias saqme?

kidev erTi absurduli faza Zmebis

werilidan:

`axalgazrdobaSi garkveuli gaugebrobis

gamo is mcire xniT marTlac

aRmoCnda ceka-Si (sxvaTa Soris, TviTon

igonebda mogvianebiT paradoqss,

7-20 agvisto 2009

rom iq muSaobisas StudirebiT daamu-

Sava mTeli biblia~...

vinc cekaSi ar imuSava, man biblia

ver waikiTxa da StudirebiT ver daamuSava?

cekaSi rom ar mieRoT, bibliis

wakiTxvas ar apirebda? ra saubaria

es, morwmune xalxis mainc ar eridebaT?

sam mwerals _ oTar WilaZes, me da

kidev erTs _ partiaSi Sesvla SemogvTavazes

da gvarian samsaxurebsac

Segvpirdnen. oTarma da me uari vTqviT.

am cota xnis winaT, Tu ar vcdebi `kviris

palitraSi~, oTarTan saubari daibeWda.

oTarma Cemi maSindeli xumroba

gaixsena _ partiaSi Sesvla rom kargi

iyos, Tamazi oTars Seiyvanda-meTqi,

vTqvi me maSin!

ai, am saCoTiro Temas exebian sandro

da cotne, magram saTqmeli nametani

miCumaTebuli aqvT, TiTqo marTla

arafers niSnavdes is faqti, rom Sen,

Semoqmedi kaci, TanamSromlobdi fa-

Sistur partiasTan da axla lamis jildoc

moiTxovo amisTvis!

2.

pirveli kritikuli werilis avtorebs

arc poezia ainteresebT da arc

galaktioni. maT ainteresebT r. TvaraZe.

meore werilis avtors _ Cems mier

uxseneblad datovebul Jurnalists

_ arc r. TvaraZe ainteresebs da arc

galaktioni. mas vaintereseb me _ igi

Cemi paskvilantebis mier mogzavnili

Jurnalistia. es rom asea, amaze sxva

dros. axla uxsenebeli avtoris teqstze

vityvi ramdenime sityvas.

mousmineT:

`diax, es ufro mware da Znelad gadasatania:

`galaktionis da anas garda...~

galaktionis genialurobas da er-

TaderTobas Seeguen _ sxva ra gza hqondaT!

ai, mis gverdiT vinmes, Tanac er-

Tis dayenebas verafriT eguebian.

Tundac is erTi amas yvelaze metad

imsaxurebdes~.

ese igi, me Turme ver Sevegue...

ras Sevegue da ras ver Sevegue, sanam

amas vityode, manamde neba momeciT,

gagaxsenoT aTeuli wlebis winaT dawerili

Cemi erTi werilis nawyveti:

poeziis dedofali _ ana

safo, gabriela mistrali, emili

dikinsoni, ana axmatova, marina cvetaeva,

neli zaqsi, silvia flaTi, bela axmadulina,

iuna morici, jois kerol

outsi... _ vixseneb did poet qalbatonebs,

da me mixaria, rogorc qarTvels

da, sxvaTa Soris, rogorc guruls,

rom poeziis am varskvlavebSi ana kalandaZe

erTi yvelaze kaSkaSa, yvelaze

brwyinvale varskvlavia. marto Wadrakis

dedofali ki ar gvyavs Cven! Cven,

qarTvelebs, poeziis dedofalic gvyavs

_ ana kalandaZe. givi gegeWkoris

erTi mSvenieri leqsis fraza-mimarTva

magondeba: dedofalo ana! ana kalandaZe

WeSmaritad dedofalia Cveni

poeziis, Tamar dedofalTan erTad saxsenebeli

qarTveli qalia da aseTad

darCeba igi saqarTvelos istoriaSi!

sxvaTa Soris, wels, ramdenadac vici,

taxtze Tamaris asvlis 800 wlisTavia!

yvelas gvaxsovs: Tavisi erT-erTi Sedevri

_ `Soria Tamar~ _ poeziis dedofalma

swored Cvens saTayvanebel dedofals

uZRvna Tavis droze!

`sustia Tamar! mZlavria Tamar!~ _

es striqonebic gaxsovT albaT! igive

SeiZleba iTqvas misi avtoris misamar-

TiTac:

sustia ana! mZlavria ana! _ misi sisuste

momxiblavia, da misi simZlavre

_ gautexeli!

zustad am aTi wlis win aseTi ram

davwere, maxsovs:

`mas, vinc yvelaze niWieria!~ _ saqarTveloSi

rom gaegorebinaT vaSli

amgvari saCoTiro warweriT, CvenSi

albaT ar atydeboda-meTqi axali troas

omi, radgan qarTveli poeti qalebi

_ mSvenierni da gonierni _ mis erTaderT

kanonier mflobelad ana kalandaZes

miiCnevdnen-meTqi!

igive mdgomareobaa dResac, aTi

wlis merec, aTi wlis win naTqvams axla

is SemiZlia davumato, rom im vaSlis

kanonier mflobelad marto qalebi ki

ar CaTvlidnen ana kalandaZes, aramed

poeti mamakacebic, da gaakeTebdnen

amas ara mxolod rainduli da jentlmenuri

mosazrebiT. Cveni damokidebuleba

ana kalandaZisadmi mTlianad


7-20 agvisto 2009

apologeturia, da arc erTi pozitiuri

epiTeti, anas saxelTan naTqvami,

ar aRiqmeba hiperbolad.

bednieria qali, visTanac mTeli

saqarTveloa gamijnurebuli! im bednier

dRes gaumarjos, roca ana kalandaZe

gaCnda am qveyanaze!

ai, am teqstis avtors miwers uxsenebeli

Jurnalisti, rom me Turme anas

pirvelobas da galaktionis gverdiT

mis moxseniebas ver Sevegue.

roca werili waikiTxa Cemma Svili-

Svilma anam _ gasagebia vis gamoc davarqmevdiT

mas am saxels _ diax, roca

es abdaubda waikiTxa, momibrunda da

mekiTxeba: _ babu! giJia?

ana Wanturia iyo Cemsa da Cems axlo

mezobels Soris mekavSire _ roca wignebi

gvqonda gasacvleli, an sxva ram

iseTi saqme, telefoniT rom ver mogvardeboda!

Cems anas rom Tavi davaneboT,

Tavad anas sanaTesaos ar gaecineba

am absurdze? da esaa amis mere Jurnalisti?

sircxvilis grZnoba saer-

Tod ar gaaCnia?

marto ana kalandaZis winaSe ki ara

maqvs Turme danaSauli, saSineli mkrexeloba

Camidenia galaktionis wina-

Sec. uxsenebel Jurnalists moaqvs citata

Cemi werilidan, romelic ager

axla dawerili hgonia, da komentarsac

mSveniers ukeTebs:

`me SemiZlia, Sevadgino XX saukunis

qarTuli poeziis anTologia galaktionis

gareSe, da mis gverdiT davdo

galaktionis `rCeuli!~ ar daijero,

Cemo Tamaz, im anTologias muxlebamde

miwvdes galaktion tabiZis `rCeuli~.

aseTi mkrexeluri azri karga xania,

ar wamikiTxavs. arc msmenia~.

diax, es iyo, es aris Cemi mTavari

saTqmeli, da axla gavarCev, vin mkrexelia

da vin _ ucodveli. es muxlebamde

miwvdena-armiwvdenis fraza Tamaz

Cxenkelisaa, da me igi sagangebod

gavimeore. ratom gavakeTebdi amas,

gonieri mkiTxveli iolad mixvdeba!

axla swored im gonier mkiTxvels minda

mivmarTo! sainteresoa, vin meti

mkrexelia _ is, vinc amtkicebs, rom

galaktion tabiZes muxlebamde ver

miwvdeba XX saukunis yvela qarTveli

poeti erTad Sekruli, Tu _ is, vinc

irwmuneba, rom erTi galaktion tabi-

Ze muxlebamde ver miwvdeba XX saukunis

mTel qarTul poezias!

kidev erTi margaliti uxsenebeli

avtoris Sedevridan:

`revaz TvaraZes rom daewera, galaktionis

da tariel Wanturias garda

poets aravis davarqmevdio, masTan SekamaTebis

survili ar gauCndeboda, ar

etyoda, sadac murmani, muxrani da,

rac mTavaria, anaa, amis Tqma uxerxuliao.

ara mxolod vici, amis utyuari

sabuTic maqvs. gvaqvs...~

Tavis droze Zalze solidurma da

aseve Zalze kompetenturma Jurnalma

`omegam~ saukeTeso poetebis xuTeul-

Si damasaxela. ar gainteresebT is xu-

Teuli? _ galaktion tabiZe, tician

tabiZe, giorgi leoniZe, lado asaTiani,

tariel Wanturia. am xuTeulidan

oTxi gardacvlilia. ese igi, meoce saukunis

cocxal poetebSi saukeTesod

CamTvales. ra vqeni _ gavgiJdi? gadavirie?

ar vici me, ras niSnavs

romelic ginda reiting-listi? _ am

quCaze rom pirveli xar, im quCaze Sei-

Zleba oceulSic ver moxvde! zogier-

Ti saxels daxarbebuli mweraliviT,

vatriale es faqti masmediaSi? vameorebine

waramara, waRma-ukuRma? xom

xedavT ager, am Cvens uxsenebel vai-

Jurnalists, arc gaugia es ambavi,

Torem, rom gaego, am frazas mainc ar

dajRabnida, ras izamdao, maSin rogor

moiqceoda, galaktionTan erTad rom

daesaxelebineTo! ras vizamdi, axla

mainc Tu mixvdeba neta! ras vizamdi da,

vijdebodi CemTvis da davelodebodi

XXII saukunes, ra azrisa iqnebodnen

`iqaurebi~ poeziasa da poetebze!

ase, Tqven da Tqveni Wkuis xalxs,

arc galaktioni gindodaT Tavis

droze! ase ar iyo?

Cemi werilidan erTaderTi swori

daskvna mainc gamoutania aramkiTxe

mrCevels _ mimxvdara, rom poetisa da

poeziis Sefasebisas arapoetze metad

poetis azri mainteresebs. amas gauRizianebia,

es rogoro, me ara maqvs Sefasebis

uflebao? ase Tuao, maSin arc

geronti qiqoZes eqneboda es ufleba,

arc akaki gawerelias, arc akaki baqraZes,

arc guram asaTianso! amaT ki etoleba,

magram is aRar icis, am `kvartetidan~

romelma ver gamoicno vaJa

fSavelaSi geniosi.

rogorc Cans, warmodgena ara aqvs

sityva `eqspertis~ semantikaze! rogor

fiqrobs: roca leqszea saubari,

visi azri ufro sainteresoa _ mamuka

baraTaSvilis Tu nikoloz baraTaSvilis!

lavrosi kalandaZis Tu ana kalandaZis!

dodo abaSiZis Tu irakli aba-

SiZis!

uxsenebels, rogorc Tavad brZanebs,

karga xnis winaT waukiTxavs Cemi

Canaweri, sadac cnobili frazis (`sxva

saqarTvelo sad ari~) waRma-ukuRma

trials viwuneb. Sewuxebulia, warmovidgine,

rogor atkenda es guls ana kalandaZeso!

anas rogor vatkine guli,

amis Taobaze ukve movaxsene mkiTxvels.

Zvelad Tqmuls aqve barem axalsac davumateb:

xom ar SeiZleba, giJebiviT

dRemudam imas gaviZaxodeT, sxva saqarTvelo

sad ariso, da Cvens am infantilur

bJodials umaRles poeziad vacxadebdeT!

sxva saqarTvelo sad aris

da yvelgan: trefikingis buduarebSi,

narkomanTa bandebSi, mtris mexuTe

kolonaSi, sxva qveynebis kulturisa da

mecnierebis samsaxurSi, geiaRlumebze,

amerikaSi, evropaSi, aziaSi, mezobeli

qveynebis cixeebSi... da Tu axalgazrdebis

gasagonad swori SeniSvna

gamovTqvi, amiT codva Cavidine?

3.

ar daijeroT, poeziaSi iyos saidumlo,

romelic icoda akakim da ar icoda

rusTavelma!

icoda vaJam da ar icoda rusTavelma!

icoda galaktionma da ar icoda

rusTavelma!

icodnen poetebma: imave ticianma,

imave goglam, imave ana kalandaZem,

imave murman lebaniZem... da ar icoda

rusTavelma!

empaier bildingis xuroTmoZRvars

arc ufiqria, rom is, rac icoda man,

ar icodnen xeopsisa da xefrenis piramidebis

mSeneblebma!

imave galaktions uweria, rom `udareblad

mcodne leqsis xerxis~, uwinares

yovlisa, swored rusTavelia.

amitom gamoiyureba absurdad imis gauTaveblad

mtkiceba, rom galaktionis

mere, galaktionis garda, galaktionis...

da ase Semdeg! galaktioni didia

imitom, rom igi sxvebze ukeTesi

mcodnea leqsis xerxis, didma qarTulma

poeziam rusTavelisgan rom mii-

Ro memkvidreobiT, im xerxis, didma mo-

ZRvarma rom dautova saqarTvelos anderZiT!

`qarTuli poezia dResac galaktionis

gziT midis, yovel SemTxvevaSi _

jerjerobiT isev galaktionis gziT

midis...~ (v. javaxaZe).

logikuri SekiTxva giCndeba: ratom

midis galaktionis gziT da ratom ar

midis rusTavelis gziT! `Zveli xerxi

_ gaxde axali!~ _ piradad me momwons

frostis es swavleba! _ rusTavelis

Zveli xerxi anu, Tu galaktionis eniT

vityviT, leqsis xerxis es udarebeli

codna mudam axali fenomenia, da igi

saSualebas iZleva, am Zveli xerxis wyalobiT

Senc iyo axali!

v. javaxaZe wers: konst. gamsaxurdias

ubrZanebia, verc rusTaveli, verc

vaJa galaktionis ufaqizes Sedevrebs

ver dawerdneno!

axla kiTxvas Sevabruneb: galaktioni

ki dawerda vefxistyaosans? metsac

vityvi: rusTaveli ufro moaxerxebda

galaktionis leqsebis daweras, Tu

galaktioni _ vefxistyaosnis Seqmnas!

SeiZleba, k. gamsaxurdias es absurduli

fraza davimowmoT? risTvisaa es

saWiro! riT ver daviRaleT am aramki-

Txe reklamis keTebiT, an kidev, brwyinvale

poets galaktion tabiZes _ rad

sWirdeba amdeni reklama, miT umetes,

rom Tavad igi didebulad uwevda reklamas

sakuTar Tavs _ galaktionologiis

Seqmnis ideac man SemogvTavaza,

samtrediisTvis sagalaktionos darqmevasac

is moiTxovda da, mis garda axlomaxlo

poeti rom ar dadioda, amasac

is ar qadagebda gamudmebiT?

me ar vwer Cemi paskvilantebisTvis,

me Cemi mkiTxvelebisTvis vwer. patiosanma

mkiTxvelma ki icis, rom me galaktioni

qarTuli poeziis triadaSi movixsenie,

Tanac araerTxel: SoTa, akaki,

galaktioni! erTi ram kidev: galak-

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

tionis striqoni _ SoTa, ilia, akaki,

vaJa da... me gavSifre pirvelad da me

davumate mas galaktioni _ Sevasrule

galaktionis survili! _ galaktionis

is leqsi am saxiT (SoTa, ilia, akaki,

vaJa da galaktioni) swored Cemi

daJinebis Sedegad gamoqveynda JurnalSi.

ai, es yvelaferi sakmarisi yofila

saimisod, rom me galaktionis winaaRmdeg

mebrZoli sazogadoebis xelmZRvanelad

gamomacxados romeliRac

literaturulma autsaiderma!

iqneb ar ician paskvilantebma, giJi

rom iyo ezra paundi! daxvreta hqonda

misjili, da sikvdils swored sigi-

Jis diagnozis wyalobiT gadaurCa.

amaze, rogorc cnobilia, cnobilma

mwerlebma iCaliCes!

meramdened CamovTvalo genialuri

giJebi _ igive holderlini, igive selini,

paundi, van gogi, gogoli, igive

graneli... marto galaktionis saxels

adevs ratomRac tabu! ratom _ aravin

icis!

saswrafod unda Seiqmnas mecniereba

galaktionologiao!

saswrafod unda Seiqmnas mecniereba

oTarologiao, es rom daweros

oTar WilaZem, xom siciliT daixoca

xalxi! an, analogiiT, anas rom daewera,

analogia unda Seiqmnaso, analogiuri

sicili ar gaismeboda?

xdeba raRac, raSi garkvevac aucilebelia.

rogorc Cans, gonier azrs

win kerpTayvanismcemloba gadaeRoba!

ra sawyenic unda iyos es, didi qar-

Tveli poeti galaktion tabiZe mxolod

didi qarTveli poetia da aseTad

darCeba marad! _ verasodes veravis

gavagebinebT, ratom aris, an aris ki

igi didi?

ar Targmneso! ar Targmnes ki ara

_ ver Targmnes. galaktioniseuli

umaRlesi harmoniis analogis Seqmna

sxva enebze _ SeuZlebelia! galaktioni

rom didi poetia, es ubralod sityvaze

unda dagvijeron, igi uTargmneli

Semoqmedia!

mainc raSi mdgomareobs Cemi mkrexeloba,

ar aris saintereso?

me erT brwyinvale poets _ galaktion

tabiZes _ vamjobine yvelaferi,

rac danarCen saqarTvelos poeziis

dargSi Seuqmnia! ai, es yofila danaSauli!

arCevanis winaSe rom dadges saqarTvelo

_ aqeT rusTaveli da iqeT

mTeli qarTuli poezia, rogor fiqrobT,

ra arCevani unda gaakeTos saqarTvelom!

iqneb vinmes marTla hgonia,

rom saqarTvelo uars ityvis besikze,

guramiSvilze, akakize, iliaze,

vaJaze, galaktionze, leoniZeze, tician

tabiZeze, griSaSvilze, ana kalandaZeze...

roca reiting-listzea saubari,

rusTavels pirveli adgili garantirebuli

eqneba, magram mTel qarTul

poezias igi verasodes Caanacvlebs!

Tavad rusTavelma yvelaze ukeT uwyis,

rom misi udidebulesoba qarTuli

poezia didad aRemateba mis udidebulesoba

rusTavels!

ai, es ar ician infantiluri gonebis

patronma grafomanebma. isini namdvili

stalinelebi arian bunebiT, isini

pirovnebis kultis wnevis Sedegad

WkuanaRrZobi kerpTayvanismcemlebi

brZandebian. amitom maTTan polemikas

azri ara aqvs _ isini sul ase ivlian

jguf-jgufad, da roca erTi maTgani

maTi kerpis saxels xmamaRla ityvis

romelime redaqciis SenobaSi (rogorc

es im dRes momxdara), maSinve gaugonari

taSiscema atydeba _ kerpTayvanismcemelTa

erToba mtkice da

uSeniSvnoa!

poezia mokvdao, irwmunebian. es unda

davijero? da mainc vwero? amis mTqmeli

xelmocaruli meleqse galaktionis

apologeti ver iqneba! igi galaktionis

mkvlelia _ im jgufis wevria,

sabediswero paskviliT xeli rom kres

da jer kidev bavSvobidan TviTmkvlelobis

maniiT Sepyrobili didi poeti

sikvdilisTvis gaimetes! oRond eseni

_ mkvleli winaprebis memkvidreni

_ winaprebze didi jalaTebi arian! _

amjerad isini sasikvdilod imeteben

ara erT romelime did poets, aramed

mTlianad poezias! _ did qarTul poezias!

ai, am tipis maniakebis ganeitraleba

evaleba Cvens sazogadoebas.

am Temaze rom xma gaviRe, velodi

Tu ara aseT reaqcias? ra Tqma unda,

velodi!

gamoxmaureba

9

aris ki axali poetebis amgvari ignorireba,

maTi daunaxaoba, daufasebloba,

fexebze dakideba, maTi sruli

uaryofa, Segineba, damcireba...

ara, ar aris axali!

SanSe, grigalo da iaralio, am tipis

panegirikebs uwerdnen, dro iyo,

sandro SanSiaSvils! xar poeziis irema

xari da sadRegrZelo Senze axiao!

_ uwerdnen galaktionis magier, galaktioni

ki TiTqos arc arsebobda _

miCumaTebuli hyavdaT, mokveTili,

araraobad gamocxadebuli imave ticians,

paolos, sxvebs...

axla galaktions iyeneben `masobrivi

mospobis iaraRad~ _ mxolod is

aris da sxva aravino, da acxadeben amas

batoni fsevdofuturologebi im momavlis

saxeliT, romlisac araferi

ician, da arc SeiZleba icodnen, ocdameore

da momdevno saukuneebis saxeliT

gamoaqvT sasikvdilo ganaCeni, da

ar ician, rom es verdiqti _ absurdi

araTu eqvemdebareba gasaCivrebas, aramed

axlave cxaddeba absurdad imaT

mier, vinc uflebamosilia, es gaakeTos

_ namdvili mkiTxvelebis, yvelaze kompetenturi

mkiTxvelebis saxeliT...

vaxtang javaxaZem dawera apologia

galaktionze!

unda daweron Tu ara sxvebmac _

udareblad mcodneT leqsis xerxis _

sul sxva wigni galaktionze! _ ara

apologia, aramed namdvili, marTali,

obieqturi, miukerZoebeli wigni did

poetze, romelic iyo Sepyrobili gandidebis

maniiT, da Tavisi didi niWis

wyalobiT iolad axerxebda, daerwmunebina

sazogadoebis udidesi nawili,

rom qarTul poeziaSi iyo mxolod galaktioni

da sxva aravin!

gaugebrobebi, rasac xelmocaruli

poetebi weren, TiTqo meoce saukuneSi

mxolod galaktionia da sxva aravin,

faqtiurad galaktionis virtualuri

anderZis gaxmovanebaa, da es gaugebrobebi

manam ar amoiZirkveba, sanam am

Temas xels ar mokideben naRdi poetebi

_ udareblad mcodneni leqsis xerxis

_ galaktionis am formula-striqonis

daviwyebis ufleba arc poetebsa

aqvT da arc arapoetebs!

ratom unda vamtkicoT rame ucTomeli

futurologis rixiT _ vin dagvajera

am doneze, rom Cveni yoveli

varaudi, yoveli hipoTeza wyalgauvali

WeSmaritebaa! ver mokvdeba poezia

_ an TeatrSi SeZvreba igi, an kinofilmSi,

kompiuterSi daidebs binas, estradidan

Segvexmianeba, hepenings daepatroneba,

saxelmZRvaneloebs daepatroneba,

gasvenebebSi itirebs, qorwilebSi

imRerebs da Cvenc simReris

gunebaze dagvayenebs...

vaxtang javaxaZem gaakeTa Tavisi

didi saqme _ genialuri qarTveli poeti

xelidan gamostaca jalaT drosa

da medroveebs, da Seqmna apologiis

Tanamedrove, klasikuri nimuSi! vaxtang

javaxaZe erTaderTia, romelsac

yovelgvari hiperbola epatieba, isic

ki, roca brZanebs, galaktionis mkiTxveli

jer ar dabadebulao! maS, Sen vina

xaro, ar vkiTxavT vaxtangs, radgan viciT

apologiis Janruli Tavisebureba!

magram ar SeiZleba, mTelma saqarTvelom

mxolod apologia weros da

danarCeni poeturi sivrce gauqmebulad

gamoacxados!

iqneb vaxtangsac eTqva am Temaze

rame! es iqneboda yvelaze didi eqspertis

Careva im saqmeSi, romelic man yvelaze

ukeT icis...

wagvikiTxavs ki galaktionis TvaliT

yvelaferi, rac galaktionis gardacvalebidan

naxevari saukunis Semdeg

Seqmnila qarTul poeziaSi? gvifiqria

imaze, ra moewoneboda, risgan

movidoda aRtacebaSi ras CaTvlida

gameorebis da gaZlierebis, ganvi-

Tarebis Rirsad? isev minda gumiliovis

frazebis damowmeba – kargi leqsi

isaa, rom waikiTxav da gulSi raRac

Camorekavs – `ratom me ver... ratom me

ar...~ nuTu am naxevari saukunis man-

Zilze araferi Seqmnila qarTul poeziaSi

iseTi, galaktions amgvar grZnobas

da amgvar fiqrs rom gauCenda! gindaT

CamogiTvaloT? dagisaxeloT is

poetebi da is leqsebi, did poets keTli

SuriT rom aRavsebda, aRagznebda,

daafiqrebda, axali Sedevrebis Sesaqmnelad

SemarTavda...

P.S.

miiReben sarCels? ar miiReben? _

esec sakiTxavia _ samarTals saqarTveloSi

yvela doneze uWirs!


10 poezia

* * *

iveri maisuraZe

epoqa Zelgi,

areuli bani, ebani...

xma WeSmariti

sicruis xmas eTelvineba.

bedis RurRumSi

Cia kacs rom fexi dagicdes.

iRbali getyvis:

me arao _

RmerTma ineba.

Selocva

samSobloqarTa

qarTa,

fexze mexebi

qaliS,

sadole vgrixe qara,

movTale Cxiri – qara,

qada da kecis qara,

gulSi ekalo – qara..

qadna-qadini

moqanda,

mTxova dana da

qalbana,

viTom siwminde

sawmendad,

mRvrie tyuilma

dambana.

vnexe kide da

qalabi,

movel qalSava

qalamde,

RmerTo wamisa waiRe,

sasiyvarulo gadamde.

landebis mesa

vika mJavanaZe

iq, sadac talRa borgavda RamiT,

melandeboda landebis mesa...

naiarevi da mTvrali amiT, –

vkvdebodi TiTqos im eul dResac;

atmis kvirtiviT avfeTqdebodi, –

mamacs, sicocxle mwyuroda mainc.

me, momakvdavi, sios SegTxovdi,

Sen is saunje gaeci saiT?

axla movdivar Ramis aCrdili,

movsulvar isev Cumad da gvian, –

msurs, movismino, velad gaWrili

Seni hangebi cas rogor cvlian.

alvis foTolze dafrenils SaSvad,

mefereboda landebis mesa.

alerss SegTxovdi da Candi arsad, –

Sen ar gesmoda is Cemi kvnesa.

aSuRuri balada

aSuRuri bedi maqvs, –

qalaqs leqsiT vifarav,

meinaxed damisves

mTvrali Zia nikala.

mis iremze Savxtebi,

viajameb napirze,

Cemi gulis xatebi,

mTvarev, SuqiT gamivse!

amicekve kalmaxi, –

qorfa, deda-mtkvarisa,

da harifi manaxe,

maWarma rom gasrisa.

Sens aSuRur duqanSi

movel isev, nikalav,

Sen barbaciT sufras Sli

da bebrul cremls mimalav.

Svel-iremze Savxtebi,

vaalafeb napirze...

Cemi gulis xatebi,

mTvarev, SuqiT gamivse.

* * *

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

melamunebi natvrao,

Soridan

melacicebi..

cotaa enamzeoba,

SenTvis

mcirea ficebi.

Tebervals Cumad

Segwirav.

dagifinode nislebi.

wamove,

dedas davxede..

magram..

uSenod viclebi.

* * *

gana marto qals Cvevia,

TvalT-arCevanTa urCoba.

Taflians qera undoda,

qeras Savfera ujobda....

ias augi vuTxari,

wyevla damfina bageze.

vah, Cemo umadurobav,

ra sikvdiliviT maqezeb..

* * *

xan erze dgeba bindi...

bnelSi uxmobdnen vaCas:

aha, dideba Seni,

metic,

vaSa da vaSa.

arqauli kolxa

kdema – gonebis kandeli,

tkivilTa korianteli...

sulSi iyefebs, cxreba

amorZalebis wyeba.

sulSive cremlad wydeba, –

xaTun xataeTs xatobs,

qarTuli lxini cxveba

da zRapars aclis qatos.

Zu mgeli rZian jiqnebs

mTvaris falosSi iqnevs...

sulSi iyefebs, cxreba

amorZalebis wyeba.

nayofs iRebs saqmisa,

guTnisdeda kolxas poxavs

da beberi qal-misani

rokviT ferTxavs velur Coxas.

kdema – gonebis kandeli.

vnebaTa korianteli...

sulSi iyefebs – cxreba

amorZalebis wyeba.

moqceuli warmarTis balada

Tvali – sulis sarkmeli da sasTumali, –

zecam mwuxrze ise Cumad daiurva, –

simZimiliT CamouSva man vuali

da mzisferi dauRamda graviura.

siom simi daapura Zvel romansiT

da vnebiT kvlav eleqseba mamal hunes,

me ki... mipyrobs urwmunoba im Tomasi, –

sanam hune nacnob tramals daibrunebs

da Sav xalebs kvlav vukocni ToTo titebs,

saxe uTrTiT maT, – RmiliT cremlgaToSilT

da rZis delgma ZuZuebSi xvneSiT mitevs,

da bubunebs dedamiwa cxel saSoSi.

Tu noyier TavTavebad kvlav migemeb, –

agireklav Zvel Tqmulebad mzis saydarze,

xelisgulze piramidebs amigeben

da memfisis vrcel qviSnarSi idarbazeb.

me movwydebi wveTad noes kidobnidan,

kvlav giJurad gavagelveb mamal hunes

da viqnebi is brZeni da is mogvi da

is warmarTi, rwmeniT RmerTs rom dagibrunebs.

brma

damiZaxebs:

Zmao!

unda emono laCars,

me ki

Cem wili qeba

erTi RmerTisTvis damrCa.

Tbilisuri

sam xmaSi vxate

sameba,

dameba

mzera smeniTa.

sxvasTan Tu mivel TumniTa,

SenTan – wvaleba-TmeniTa.

sadac layafi gavabi,

alayafebi gamiRes,

gnaxe,

sulidan Semovel

da mecxre caze wamiRe.

Tiva

bavSvis ambavs

Citi arevs,

misTvis qva vis daeSina?

dayvaveba

yvavils Svenis,

dananeba

berSi qSinavs..

samkapaze wola msurda,

damelode

Zilis Sina..

Sori veli urmebs amtvrevs,

Serwymis gza ver SeaSina..

vnebiani rafsodia

dageSili gitarebi...

galeSili simebi...

bedis kocnad idarebi,

xelisgulze itarebi,

rogorc boSis sizmrebi.

avgarozis qali morbis,

kabisZiri amaod

etalReba Tavis dobils

farSavangis maraod.

tempi... tempi...

weli – kerpi.

saltes svetSi gavebi.

xeTa qoros vnebiT vetrfi, –

mlocven mTvaris qarvebi...

momTabare gazafxulebs

Wreli boSa kartebi

cxeli tuCiT daapurebs

da cecxliviT atydebi!..

avgarozis qali morbis,

kabisZirSi banaob,

ejaxebi wvivze dobils

mocekvave maraod.

iasamnebis TeTri balada

g.g.-s

dRes diliT qarma sevda gamando,

mec gavumxile faruli dardi,

da mainc ise, rogorc arasdros,

me mis motanil yvavilebs vgavdi.

Seirxeoda CemSi suliviT

iasamnebis TeTri balada...

badagad modga Cumi survili

da mudaxilad svetSi gqargavda...

gvenatreboda orives siTbo...

ise mxiblavda Seni alersi,

mefiqreboda – cas wynarad TiTqos

me davurwie mkerdi mTvaresi.

ucxo varskvlavma kocna damaswro,

man damabeda Senze zRva dardi,

da mcemda qari, rogorc arasdros,

da mitovebul salocavs vgavdi.

7-20 agvisto 2009


7-20 agvisto 2009

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

`qveynad raime qaris garda ar arsebula~

andro buaCiZe

Strixebi vaxuSti kotetiSvilis portretisaTvis

studentobis wlebSi vaxuSti kotetiSvilis

leqciebs veswrebodi da

Cvens urTierTobasac aqedan Caeyara

safuZveli. imxanad vaxuSti universitetSi

mxatvruli Targmanis Teoriis

da praqtikis kurss uZRveboda. mas

aqeT mravalma welma gaiara. erTi xanoba

mTargmnelobiT kolegiaSic mogviwia

erTad muSaoba da yovelTvis sixaruls

maniWebda masTan Sexvedra da

saubari.

merec araerTxel Sevxvedrivar an

vwvevivar Sin. bolo dros TviTonve

Semexmiana da mTxova mivsuliyavi. mivedi.

mSvenieri Sotlandiuri viski SemomTavaza.

gazafxulis wynari saRamo

iyo, visxediT da vsaubrobdiT. ucnauria,

dro rom gaivlis, aRarc gaxsovs,

ras exeboda saubari. samwuxarod, es

Sexvedra gamosaTxovari gamodga.

axla saubari fiqrma Secvala. me

xSirad vfiqrob vaxuStize.

maxsendeba goeTes erTi gamonaTqvami,

Tu ginda raime Seqmna, TviTon

unda warmoadgende raRacaso. mar-

Tlac asea. SemoqmedebaSi adamianis

mTeli pirovnuli arseba monawileobs.

erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani

pirovnebiseuli zneobrivi mrwamsia,

eTikuri msoflgageba. me vfiqrob vaxuSti

am niSniT da, saerTod, mTeli

Tavisi sulieri wyobiT saxelovani mamis,

vaxtang kotetiSvilis da misive

saukeTeso TanaTaobelebis uSualo

memkvidre iyo. amitomac mis sicocxlismoyvareobas,

artistul bunebas da

siwrfeles, analitikur da lirikul

niWierebas zneobrivi principuloba

erwymoda.

vaxuStisTvis ucxo iyo rogorc

primitiuli nacionalizmi, ise meore

ukiduresoba - erovnuli nihilizmi.

Tavisuflebis wlebSi jer erTma iCina

Tavi da dRes aqa-iq meorec TandaTan

xavsiviT ikidebs fexs.

Tavisuflebas Tavisufali adamianebi

amkvidreben. isini aramarto TavianTi

SemoqmedebiT, aramed cxovrebis

niriTac qmnian Tavisufal azrs. isini

angreven dogmebs, gaqvavebul warmodgenebs,

biurokratiul kliSeebs.

aseTebi iyvnen tician tabiZe, vaxtang

kotetiSvili, paolo iaSvili, pavle

ingoroyva, geronti qiqoZe... maT Sesaxeb

da saerTod, amgvari adamianebis

Sesaxeb, mogviTxrobs vaxuSti avtobiograful

wignSi `Cemi wuTisofeli~.

es wigni exeba im adamianebs, vinc XIX

saukunis zRurbli gadmolaxa da XX

saukuneSi uxrwneli faseulobani gadmoitana.

am faseulobaTa mqoneni Zveli

saqarTvelos saxes amJRavneben. vaxuSti

wers: `isini gaJlites 1921-22 wleb-

Si, 1924 wels, 30-ian wlebSi, Zirfesvianad

37-Si, da merec, Tuki vinme gadar-

Ca Rirseuli da keTilSobili, Jletdnen

da Jletdnen; xvretdnen vagonobiT

Tavadebs da aznaurebs, SeZlebul,

gamrje glexebs da gamoCenil specialistebs,

mecnierebs da xelovanT... xvretdnen

Wkuis gamo, codnis gamo, da Tqven

warmoidgineT, mxolod da mxolod

silamazis gamoc ki...~ cota qvemoT ki

dasZens: `ilias mokvliT daiwyes

saqarTvelos gonis amoSanTva da ji-

Sian qarTvelTa amowyvetiT gaaberwes

saSo erisa~.

am ramdenime wlis win vwerdi: `Cemi

wuTisofeli~ exeba imas, razec dRes

yvelaze metad unda fiqrobdes qar-

Tveli kaci - ratom gamodga Tavisufleba

aseTi mware da gausaZlisi? xom

ar vgavarT im frTebmokvecil frinvels,

romelsac galiaSi xangrZlivma

tyveobam frena daaviwya? daaviwya is,

rac misi daniSnulebaa. adamians mxolod

Tavisuflebis pirobebSi SeuZlia

sakuTari Tavis realizacia - arCevanis

gakeTeba, pirovnuli SesaZleblobebis

gamomJRavneba. marTalia, saamisod

is, upirveles yovlisa, Sinaganad unda

iyos Tavisufali, magram SeuZlia `homo

sovietikuss~ Tundac es, rac TavisTavad

arcTu ise cotaa? ra Tqma

unda, ara. mas daaviwyes, rom Tavisufleba

misi daniSnulebis winapirobaa.

`tyavispaltoianebma~ Tavisuflebis

aRsakveTad umokles gzas mimarTes -

fizikurad gaanadgures adamianebi,

romelTa gadakeTebac ver SeZles.

amiT aramarto Cakles Tavisuflebis

suli, - TavianTi varaudiT misi arsebobis

SesaZleblobac amoZirkves.

vaxuSti kotetiSvili mogviTxrobs

im adamianebze, romlebic Tavisuflebas

yoveldRiuri cxovrebis wesiT

amkvidrebdnen da im atmosferoze,

romelSic jer kidev suldgmulobda

Tavisufleba. da yvelaze Semzaravi is

aris, rom es cxovrebis sazrisis Semcveli,

mravalferovani samyaro gaqra,

miwispirisgan aRigava. ufro swori

iqneba Tu vityviT, - mzakvruli Zaladobis

gziT aRgaves, ver amoZirkves,

magram aRgaves. vaxuSti kotetiSvilis

mTeli mizanswrafva imiskenaa mimarTuli,

rom rac SeiZleba mkafiod, xelSesaxebad,

feradovnad aRweros, gaacocxlos

da Cvens Tvalwin warmoaCinos

es gamqrali samyaro~.

am avtobiografiul, memuarul

prozaSi Semzaravi represiebis epoqa

sxvagvari rakursiT aris ganWvretili:

nawarmoebSi aqcentirebulia

ara uSualod represiebi an totalitarizmis

sisastike, aramed is, Tu vin

an ra imsxverpla sabolood am axladamoqmedebulma

maxinam. vaxuSti detalurad

aRwers im pirovnebebs, im sindisierebiT

da kulturiT aRbeWdil

sociums, romlis cxovrebis wesic

safuZvelSive gamoricxavda bolSevizmis

maxinj CanasaxTan Tanaarsebobis

SesaZleblobas. kiTxulob am wigns da

dRevandeli realobis Semyure xvdebi,

rom es gamqrali samyaro, es aunazRaurebeli

msxverpli sabediswero

gamodga saqarTvelosTvis.

kidev erTi monakveTi minda moviyvano

Zveli Canawerebidan: `vaxuSti

kotetiSvilma gamoricxa yovelgvari

maneruloba imiT, rom marTlac faqtobrivi

masalis tradiciul mTxrobelad

mogvevlina. man Tavidanve itvirTa

tradiciuli mTxrobelis roli,

rac, Cemi azriT, winaswargamiznuli

da bunebrivad gaTvlili mxatvruli

xerxi iyo. amiT man Tavidanve miani-

Wa mniSvneloba Tavis mdgomareobas da

mimarTa im bunebriv intonacias, romliTac

ambavi unda gadmoeca. magram

moxda moulodneli ram: pirveli gverdebidanve

es intonacia Zlieri warmosaxvis

wnexqveS moeqca. sruli gasaqani

mieca fantazias, vrcel, vizualuri

xatebiT daxunZlul gansjebs,

metaforul frazebs, movlenaTa da

saganTa xatvas, Txrobis eqspresias~.

ase rom, mogviano periodSi vaxuStim

prozauli Txzuleba Seqmna.

kidev erTxel ifeTqa STagonebis Sadrevanma

da erTad moiyara Tavi misma

pirovnulma, Tandayolilma Tu SeZenilma

niSan-Tvisebebma: erudiciam, gulisxmierebam,

unatifesma gemovnebam,

daxvewilma iumoris grZnobam, Tavisi

sulieri siZlieris Semcnobi kacis silaRem

da umZimesma cxovrebiseulma

gamocdilebam. yovelive es SenivTda

da vaxuSti Tavdaviwyebul mTxrobelad

mogvevlina.

es bolo xans moxda. xolo Tavdapirvelad,

jer kidev sruliad axalgazrda

kacma sparsuli poeziis Targmnas

mohkida xeli. am sferoSi garkveuli

tradicia ukve arsebobda, magram

vaxuStim axali suli STabera mas - Seqmna

azrobrivi simwyobriT da siRrmiT,

lirizmiT da emociurobiT aRbe-

Wdili Targmanebi. Cvens Tvalwin gacocxlda

da aelvarda rudaqis, firdousis,

abu saidis, ansaris, omar xaiamis,

nizami ganjelis, saadis, hafezisa

da sxvaTa nairferovani samyaro.

universistetis derefnebSi daabijebda

studentTa araerTi Taoba, romelic

xmamaRla warmoTqvamda momnusxvel

striqonebs: `Sen sanTeli xar, me mimqrali

sanTlis mudara, magram ganTiads

sanTlisagan ara unda ra~. es TiTqos

Cveulebrivi, ubralod naTqvami

sityvebi, araCveulebrivi STagonebis

quraSi iyo gadamdnari.

vaxuStiseuli analitikuri niWi, silaRe

da maZiebluri daudgromloba

aramxolod aRmosavluri poeziis TargmanebSi

gamovlinda, aramed am filosofiuri

poeturi nimuSebis vrcel,

mecnierulad dadgenil komentar-

Si. mxedvelobaSi maqvs misi gamokvleva,

romelic urTulesi sparsuli leqsis

poetikas Seexeba. araerTxel vyofilvar

mowme Tu rogor kiTxulobda

vaxuSti xaiamis Tu hafezis ama Tu im

robaias, rogor ganmartavda calkeul

sityvasa Tu cnebas, da Semdeg rogor

awvdida msmenels Tavis poetur

variants. misi komentari imdenad amomwuravi

iyo, rom sityvasityviTi sizustis

maZiebeli skeptikosi snobebi Tu

provincialebi pirSi Calagamovlebulebi

rCebodnen. vaxuStis Tavisi sizuste

hqonda - `poeturi sizuste~,

romlis mecnierulad dasabuTebac

SeeZlo da romlis erTgulic mTeli

cxovrebis manZilze darCa.

vaxuStiseuli analitikuri Ziebani

calke saubris Temaa, magram ar SemiZlia

aq Tundac gakvriT ar vaxseno zogierTi

maTgani. maxsendeba vTqvaT,

vaJa-fSavelas calke gamocemuli xu-

Ti poema, romelsac sxva literaturaTmcodneebTan

erTad vaxuStis uaRresad

naTlad dawerili, brwyinvale

komentari axlda. aseve yovelTvis

waruSlel STabeWdilebas tovebda

Cemze vaxuStiseuli interviuebi. am

interviuebSi aRZruli publicisturi

paTosi imdenad wrfeli da maxvilia,

rom warmoudgenelia ar SeZras adamiani.

`kacTaTvis~ - ase hqvia mis erT pasuxs,

romelic misive werilebis wign-

Sia gamoqveynebuli da romelsac piradad

me daufiqreblad miviCnev Tanamedrove

qarTuli publicisturi

azrovnebis mSvenebad.

avstrieli germanulenovani poetis

rainer maria rilkes `duinuri elegiebis~

TargmniT vaxuSti kotetiSvilma

iseTi mwvervali daipyro, romlis

Semdegac TiTqos araferi ar unda

gagvkvirveboda. magram ara! uTargmneli

poeziis Targmnis procesi gagr-

Zelda, amis Semdeg vaxuStim Targmna

iosif brodskis `didostaturi ekvilibristikiT~

aRbeWdili leqsi `ori

saaTi rezervuarSi~. am maTlac uT-

Targmneli nawarmoebis Targmani mxolod

gakvirvebas SeiZleba iwvevdes.

gakvirvebas SeiZleba iwvevdes sicocxlis

ukanasknel wlebSi (roca mas Zlieri

STagoneba ewvia) Targmnili marina

cvetaevas da gansakuTrebiT boris

pasternakis araTu Znelad saTargmni,

faqtobrivad aseve uTargmneli leqsebi.

poeziis vrcel labirinTebSi mgznebare

sulierebiT aRsavse, magram

ukve jangatexili vaxuSti kotetiSvili

hermenevtikosis CiraRdniT

daabijebda. misi CiraRdani yvelaze

ufro bnel kuTxe-kunWuls aclida

saburvels da gamWoli sinaTliT anaTebda.

amiT imis Tqma minda, rom misi

yoveli Targmani konkretuli poeturi

teqstisa da saerTod, poeziis

Rrma gagebis safuZvelze iyo aRmocenebuli.

arsebobs amqveynad araerTi mimz-

gaxseneba

11

idveli leqsi Tu moTxroba, esse Tu

traqtati, tilo Tu qandakeba, simfonia

Tu noqtiurni, magram yovelive

amas xom cocxali, moZravi, cxovelmyofeli

da ganumeorebeli pirovneba

qmnis. da rac ufro mkafioa ama Tu im

qmnilebaSi aRbeWdili pirovnebiseuli

unikalobis xarisxi, miT ufro mniSvnelovania

es qmnileba. ase rom, pirovnebaa

yvelafris Tavi da Tavi.

vaxuStis yoveli fraza STambeWdavi

iyo. STambeWdavi iyo misi yovel

saganTan da TemasTan Sexeba. erTxel

maxsovs, rilkeze wamoiwyo saubari.

saubrobda didxans. da es iyo rilkeze

saubari poeziis konteqstSi. amiT Ti-

Tqos vaxuSti xazs usvamda zogadad

poeziis gagebis aucileblobas da mxolod

amis Semdeg - rilkes mouxelTebeli

xelweris wvdomas. da marTlac,

am zogadi saubris CamTavrebisTanave

vaxuSti moulodnelad uSualod rilkes

Taviseburebebs gadaswvda, TiTqos

SeamWidrova Tema da rilkes poeturi

metyvelebis unikalobas Seexo;

sailustracio masalac uxvad moixmo

da naucbaTev monologSi poetis intonaciuri

wiaRsvlebis primati da

azris paradoqsuloba ise xelSesaxebad

gamokveTa, rom am poetis sxvagvari

gageba TiTqmis SeuZlebeli meCvena.

es iyo variacia rilkes Temaze. da

aseTi variaciebi da improvizaciebi

vaxuStis stiqias warmoadgenda (gavixsenoT

xalxuri poeziis saRamoebi).

rilkes Tema isev zogadad poeziaze saubriT

dagvirgvinda; vaxuSti dasZenda:

poezia Tavisi arsiT Znelad gasagebia,

arada is sakuTar TavSi atarebs

gagebis aucileblobas, Rrma gageba ki

maSin aris SesaZlebeli, roca erTi

enidan meore enaze Targmnis hermenevtikuli

procesi xorcieldeba. amitomac

aris poeziis Targmna `maRali

xelovneba~.

gasaocari iyo vaxuStis damokidebuleba

sikvdilTan. me iSviaTad minaxavs

kaci, romelic ase gaSinaurebodes

sikvdils. misi xalxur kiloze dawerili

leqsebic sikvdils utrialebs

irgvliv:

Cven aryofnidan movediT

da vnaxeT, yofna rac aris,

azri amqveynad yofnisa

TiTqos ari da arc aris.

win - wyali, ukan - mewyeri,

cecxli da bolos nacari.

bednierebas veZebdiT,

magram ver vpoveT marcvali,

sikvdili deda yofila,

sicocxle - dedinacvali.

sakvirvelia: mravalWirgamovlil

vaxuStis eWviani undobloba ar Sehyria.

siyrmis vaJiSvilis, tatos sikvdilis

Semdegac ki raRac iseTi eguleboda

sicocxlis wiaR, rac aZlebinebda

da mcireoden Svebas gvrida. ra iyo

es ukanaskneli navsayudeli, iqneb sikvdilTan

SeTamaSebis Tu gaSinaurebis

survili? Tu amaoebaTa amaoebis SegrZneba?

iqneb yovelive es erTad Tavmoyrili,

xalxur kiloze SeTxzul leqsebad

da aseve sonetebad amoTqmuli?

ucnauria, magram vaxuSti aramcTu

pirquSi an xelCaqneuli, kacTa mimarT

gulgaciebuli skeptikosi ar gamxdara,

rogorc es Cveulebriv xdeba

xolme, aramed piriqiT, ufro naRvlianad

faqizi, mimndobi da lmobieri

gaxda. mas Cumi sibrZne daeufla. am gansacdelis

Jams aRmoCnda, rom misi ke-

TilSobileba niRabi ar iyo. aRmoCnda,

rom keTilSobileba realurad arsebobs,

magram misTvis adgili naklebad

moiZebneba. aRmoCnda, rom vaxuSti

sxvaTaTvis miukareblad, uCinrad da

saTuTad inaxavda Tavis arsebaSi dedmamis,

leilas da tatos xsovnas da es

iyo Turme misi arsebis SigniT Camdgari

uxilavi sayrdeni niSansveti.

da me mebadeba erTi kiTxva: netav

Tavisi SemoqmedebiTi cxovrebis gariJraJze

Tu ifiqrebda es kaci, rom imxanad

mis mier Seudareblad Targmnili

omar xaiamis erTi robaia ase zedmiwevniT

miesadageboda missave sikvdiliswina

ganwyobas:

qveynad raime qaris garda ar

arsebula,

radgan yoveli daqceula, ar

avsebula,

ararsebuli arsebulad CaTvale,

Zmao,

arsebuli ki miiCnie ararsebulad.


12 interviu

mwerali kote jandieri:

_ dRemde maxsovs is STabeWdileba,

roca Tqveni moTxrobebi wavikiTxe,

gansakuTrebiT `saojaxo qronika~

da `dapatiJeba kinoSi~. rogor

warimarTa Tqveni SemoqmedebiTi cxovreba

pirveli nawarmoebidan dRemde,

da ramdenad Seicvala igi?

_ `saojaxo qronika~ pirveli

moTxroba ar yofila. mas ramdenime

gamouqveynebeli da erTi sauniversiteto

almanax `pirvel sxivSi~ gamoqveynebuli

teqsti uZRoda win. unda

vTqva, rom universitetis mweralTa

wre, romlis beWdviTi organoc iyo

zemoxsenebuli almanaxi, Cemi studentobis

dros axalgazrda literatorebis

popularizacias, reklamirebas,

an, exla rom ityvian `fromouSens~, ki

ar isaxavda miznad, aramed, Tamamad

SeiZleba iTqvas _ Tavisufali azris,

arasabWouri ganaTlebisa da inteleqtualuri

cxovrebis centrs warmoadgenda.

es wre jer kidev niko kecxovelis

reqtorobis dros daarsda da axlandeli

gadasaxedidan naTlad Cans,

rom misi muSaobis formati Zalian sintereso

da efeqturi gamodga _ mweralTa

wris wevrs manqanaze sam egzemplarad

gadabeWdili sakuTari nawarmoebi

unda warmoedgina gansaxilvelad

(cxadi, Tuki amisi survili hqonda).

aqedan ori egzemplari, ganxilvis

dRemde erTi kviriT adre pirveli korpusis

mesame sarTulze, studentTa

samkiTxveloSi ideboda. nebismier

msurvels SeeZlo winaswar gacnoboda

teqsts. darCenili ori egzemplari

eZleoda winaswar SerCeul or oponents

sarecenziod. es oponentebic,

cxadia wris wevrebi iyvnen. bolos ganxilvis

dRec dgeboda. oTxmocdamecamete

auditoria xalxiT ivseboda. SemaRlebaze

mdgar grZel magidasTan

avtori, oponentebi, mweralTa wris

moqmedi Tavmjdomare da batoni tariel

kvanWilaSvili (wris xelmZRvaneli)

ikavebdnen adgils. avtors xmama-

Rla unda waekiTxa Tavisi nawarmoebi,

mere tribunasTan oponentebi dgebodnen

TavianT recenziebs kiTxulobdnen.

amis Semdeg iwyeboda Tavisufali ganxilva,

romelSic monawileobis miReba

darbazSi myof nebismier adamians See-

Zlo. saocaria, magram xSirad

oponirebis done bevrad aRemateboda

imdroindeli oficialuri sabWoTa

kritikis xarisxobriv niSnuls. oratorebi

Tavisuflad operirebdnen egzistencializmis,

fsiqoanalizis,

struqturalizmisa da Tanamedrove

Teologiis cnebebiTa da meTodologiiT.

me piradad pirvelad swored

im sxdomebze gavige rolan bartis,

levi-strosis, iungis, adleris,

roman iakobsonis saxelebi. es namdvili

revolucia iyo _ literaturuli

istorizmis, e.w. `ganxilvis~ wignebisa

da socrealisturi litkritikis

brtyel-brtyel frazeologiasa da

mdare, stereotupul azrovnebaze

aRzrdili axalgazrdebi aq ecnobodnen

mxatvrul teqstTan arsobrivi

midgomis, sruqturuli analizis, nawarmoebis

farTo kulturul konteqstSi

ganxilvisa da ganzogadebis anbans.

saocaria, batoni tarieli tradiciuli

sabWouri filologiuri skolis

aRzrdili gaxldaT. zemoTCamo-

Tvlili avtorebis nawerebs is ar icnobda,

vinaidan sabWouri cenzuris

mier es yvelaferi tabudadebuli iyo.

magram misgan mkafio, Tumca uTqmel

mxardaWeras, waxalisebas da cxovel

interess vgrZnobdiT. Cven, masTan er-

Tad bnelSi xelis cecebiT vpoulobdiT

codnisa da Tanamedrove azrovnebis

naglejebs _ akrZalul saxelebs,

wignebs, statiebs, calkeul

azrebs da vcdilobdiT gavrkveuliyaviT

msoflioSi mimdinare kulturul

da civiliziciur procesebSi.

bevrisaTvis es sakuTari Tavis realizaciis

saSualeba, prestiJis saqme da

keclucobis sgani gaxda. amiT Cven,

yvelani met-naklebad vcodavdiT.

dRevandelobisgan gansxvavebiT, maSin

CvenTvis bevri ram xelmisawvdomi ar

iyo, magram saWiro wignis Zebna Cveva-

Si gadagvivida. sabWouri tabuebi da

cenzura sakralur saburvelSi xvevda

ucxoel avtorTa gvarebs, teqstebs,

mTel mimdinareobebs. es badebda

azarts, akrZaluli xilis mowyvetis

wyurvils da cnobismoyvareobas.

es aris nebismieri cenzuris dadebiTi

mxare, logikuri ukuefeqti, rasac verasdros

vercerTi cenzori ver moereva.

Tu puSkinis pirad werilebs

gaecnobiT, paradoqsul azramde mixvalT:

benkendorfi rom ar yofiliyo,

SesaZlebelia puSkins Tavisi didi talanti

qeifSi, SayirSi, qalebis devnasa

da banqos TamaSSi gaeflanga. cxadia,

ramdenime Sedevrs mainc dagvitovebda,

magram ara, im saocrebas, rasac

misi mTliani Semoqmedeba: lirika, poemebi,

dramebi da proza qvia.

axla Cven vcxovrobT gaxsnili

sazRvrebis, internetis msoflio qselis,

uwyveti sainformacio nakadebis

pirobebSi da Sewuxebuli varT sayovelTao

uwignurobis, gaTavxedebuli

umecrebisa da warmatebuli uvicobis

moZalebisagan. xandaxan Tavs mezozouri

eris reptiliad vTvli. es aris

Cemi Taobis bednierebac da ubedurebac.

ase rom, Sinagani emigracia _ anu

e.w. `SemoqmedebiTi cxovreba~ garegnuli

cvlilebebis gareSe mimdinareobs.

_ ra aris Tqveni azriT dResdReobiT

mwerlis mTavari daniSnuleba

da riT gansxvavdeba igi klasikad

qceuli mosazrebisgan mwerlis

daniSnulebis Sesaxeb?

_ mwerlis daniSnulebaa adamianebs

garkveuli xniT daaviwyos yofi-

Ti wvrilmanebi da usiamovnebebi, gaaTavisuflos

egocentrizmis diqtatisagan

da ganacdevinos sxvisi (Tundac

gamogonili personaJebis gansacdeli),

Tu gaumarTla _ mkiTxveli ka-

Tarzisamde miiyvanos, riTac mas

emociur da inteleqtualur siamovnebas

moutans. amisaTvis ki saWiroa

mweralma periodulad daiviwyos Tavisi

yoveldRiuri problemebi, cota

xniT gamovides sakuTari tyavidan da

personaJis cxovrebiT icxovros.

me ar vici, ras gulisxmobT `klasikad

qceul mosazrebaSi mwerlis

daniSnulebis Sesaxeb~, magram Tu es

eris mamobas, faris mwyemsobas, manaTobel

Suqurad yofnas an sxva, amdagvar

sazogadoebriv aqtivobas niSnavs, ma-

Sin kategorialud gpasuxobT _ ara,

es ar aris mwerlis daniSnuleba. Tu

goeTe da ilia WavWavaZe weris paralelurad

amasac axerxebdnen, es ar niSnavs,

rom yvela mwerali valdebulia

igive moiwadinos, mxolod imitom, rom

azrebisa da gancdebis sityviT

gamoTqma da sityvebis sworad dalageba

SeuZlia.

meore mxriv, nebismieri moqalaqe,

maT Soris mweralic, valdebulia xmas

imaRlebdes usamarTlobis, siyalbis,

adamianuri Rirsebis fexqveS gaTelvis,

Zaladobis, rasobrivi, erovnuli, kon-

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

`stili gansazRvravs literaturas~

fesiuri Tu asakobrivi segregaciis,

socialuri Cagvrisa da politikuri

devnis winaaRmdeg. es banaluri WeSmaritebaa.

ise ki, Tu adamians wera siamovnebas

aniWebs, misTvis gacilebiT xelsayrelia

marginalur mdgomareobaSi yofna,

vidre socialur avanscenaze dgoma

da telekamerebis win gauTaveblad

gancxadebebisa da komentarebis keTeba

literaturisgan daSorebul sakiTxebze.

_ erT-erT interviuSi aRniSnavT,

TviTtkboba ar maxasiaTebso, magram

mainc, rogor grZnobT, rom moTxroba

`gamovida~...

_ me mgoni, am SekiTxvaze Cemi mosazreba

ukve gamovTqvi. roca teqsti

dawerilia, is avtorisgan damoukidebel

cxovrebas iwyebs. im momentSi,

rodesac bolo frazas wertili esmis,

mwerali qreba da Cndeba mkiTxveli,

romelsac Cveulebrivi mkiTxvelisagan

mxolod imiT gansxvavdeba, rom

nawarmoebis wakiTxva pirvels Seu-

Zlia, aqvs ufleba Seasworos, an sulac

dawvas teqsti. Tu Cems nawerSi aSkara

sibriyve ar SeiniSneba, Tu is gonebriv

interess da emociur muxts iwvevs, ma-

Sin SeiZleba vivaraudo, rom raRac

gamovida. amis Semdeg mkiTxveli qreba

da Cndeba redaqtori skalpeliT xel-

Si.

_ weris dros xangrZlivi pauzebi

gaqvT Tu TavauRebliv muSaobT?

_ Tu Tavi ar aiRe da ar miixedmoixede,

ris Sesaxeb unda wero? pauzebs

rac Seexeba, me mgoni, es gardauvalia.

sxva saqmea, maTi xangrZlivoba.

Cems SemTxvevaSi pauzebi wlobiT gr-

Zeldeba xolme. axla rom vakvirdebi,

yvela moTxroba, romelic ki damiweria,

erTi scenariT iqmneboda: emociuri

biZgi, erTi, an ori mxatvruli

saxe, pirveli ramdenime gverdi, rogorc

kamertoni, romelic gansazRvravs

ritms, Txrobis stils, leqsikas,

mere pauza... mexsierebaSi mxolod ritmi

da mTavri xati, an personaJi rCeba.

xangrZlivi cda momentisa, rodesac

romelime azri, Tundac sruliad ganyenebuli,

unisonSi mova mexsierebaSi

Senaxul gancdasTan. Tu es moxda, mere

bunebrivad Cndeba fabula, sxva personaJebi,

siuJeti ki weris dros ixlarTeba

da TavisiT mieqaneba finalisaken.

es yvelaze sasiamovno etapia.

cxadia, es albaT yvelaze araracionaluri

meTodia mxatvruli teqstis

dasawerad. aravis vurCevdi mis gamoyenebas.

sawuxarod, sxva teqnikas ar

vflob. Tumca, mkiTxvels es raSi ainteresebs?

_ iwerT Tu ara mniSvnelovan STabeWdilebas?

dameTanxmebiT droTa

ganmavlobaSi bevri ram ikargeba da

qreba, risi gacocxlebac mere TiTqmis

SeuZlebelia.

_ gamigia, rom bevri swored ase

iqceva. me ki kaxuri bunebisa Tu sizarmacis

gamo es arasdros gamikeTebia.

SesaZloa, spontanurad dawerili da

Semdeg ujraSi didi xniT dasaflavebuli

pirveli ramdenime gverdi Tqvens

mier naxsenebi Canawerebis kompensaciaa.

Tu adamians guli udevs amisken

da sakmao Sinagani disciplinac aqvs,

jobs sistematiurad iwerdes ubis wignakSi.

es gacilebiT swori da profesionaluri

mgonia. bevri ram, mar-

Tlac fermkrTaldeba da ikargeba.

Tumca, amave dros, mniSvnelovani

swored is mgonia, rac mexsierebidan

ar iSleba. saqme mexsierebaSic ar aris

_ wera did emociur stresebTanaa

dakavSirebuli da am dros aracnobieridan

moulodnelad amodis xolme

is, rac didi xnis dakarguli da daviwyebuli

gvgonia. am TvalsazrisiT, Sesa-

7-20 agvisto 2009

Zloa yvelaze sando `ubis wignaki~ Cveni

mravaltanjuli da daundobeli

aracnobieri iyos.

_ Tu gqoniaT romelime mwerlis

gavlena? stilur gavlenas vgulisxmob

da ara zogad STabeWdilebas.

_ rogorc cxovelebis, ise adamianebis

naSierni samyaros Secnobas miba-

ZviT iwyeben. mibaZva universaluri instrumentia

raRacis gasagebad. aristotele

musikas frinvelTa mibaZvas,

dramaturgias ki `ambebis~ mibaZvas

uwodebda. maxsovs, meaTe klasSi `didostatis

marjvenas~ rom gavdiodiT,

mTeli klasi dakavebuli viyaviT kowia

gamsaxurdias stilis parodirebiT

da erTmaneTs vejibrebodiT iseTi

margalitebis mogonebaSi, rogoricaa,

magaliTad: `CiJi uyvardao, dedisimeds,

biJi!~, anda `fexi rom daartyi,

Zalian getkina, xes?~ am xumroba-xumrobaSi,

Cven mivageniT im sintaqsur

gasaRebs, romliTac martivad ixsneba

kowias stilis saidumlo. msgavs parodiul

cdebs iakob curtavelis, vaJafSavelas

da ilia WavWavaZis mimarTac

vatarebdiT. piradad CemTvis, es

uwyinari stiluri TamaSobani seriozuli

skola (enjeoSnikebis enaze

`Treiningi~) aRmoCnda.

dabal klasebSi, sanam edgar pos

novelebs wavikiTxavdi, literaturisadmi

Cemi interesi siuJetis ganvi-

TarebiT da personaJTa xasiaTebiT

Semoifargleboda. magram edgar pos

prozam pirvelad magrZnobina stilis

magia. es seriozuli aRmoCena iyo,

erTgvari kulturuli Soki. aqedan

erTi ram myarad CamebeWda TavSi _

stili gansazRvravs literaturas.

me maSin amas `enas~ veZaxdi. vxvdebodi,

rom `mamis mkvlelic~ da `me, bebia,

iliko da ilarionic~ qarTulad,

magram sruliad gansxvavebul enaze

iyo dawerili. mosayoli ambis Sesatyvisi

enis gamonaxva dRemde mTavar

literaturul amocanad mimaCnia.

stilur gavlenas rac Seexeba,

pirdapiri gagegebiT aseTi ram ar SeminiSnavs.

individuluri stili ki sakmaod

pirobiTi cneba mgonia. ra stiluri

niSnebis Tanxvedraa, aka mor-

CilaZis iseT romanebs Soris, rogorebicaa,

vqvaT `faliaSvilis quCis

ZaRlebi~ da `gadafrena madaTovze~?

aq mxolod Zalian gamocdil teqstologs

SeuZlia raime sintaqsuri an

leqsikuri msgavsebis aRmoCena, isic

didi gaWirvebiT. am mwerlis mTavar

Rirseba swored sxvadasxva narativis

flobaa da ara raRac akviatebuli individualuri

stili.

sawinaaRmdego magaliTsac moviyvan:

grigol robaqiZe zustad erTi

eniT aRwers irubaqiZis miTosur ambavs

da arCibald mekeSis tragikul peripetiebs

gasabWoebis droindel

saqarTveloSi, amave eniT gadmovqcems

stalinis horoskops da sakuTar STabeWdilebebs

`suxiSvilebis~ koncertis

naxvis Semdeg (`qarTuli genia,

rokviT ganfenili~). rodesac mTxrobeli

mxolod erTi, xelovnurad gamogonili

narativis tyveobaSi imyofeba,

es, Cemi azriT, individualuri

stili ki ara, ufro maneraa. manera ki

egocentrizmisa da TviTtkbobis

gamoxatuleba mgonia.

mkiTxvelma SeiZleba ikiTxos _ ki

magram, marsel prustis nawarmoebebi

xom mkafiod gamoxatuli stiluri

erTianobiT gamoirCeva, prusti xom

sxva mweralSi verafriT agereva? esea,

magram, arsebiTad, yvelaferi rac

prustma dawera, erTi didi romania.

igive SeZleba iTqvas balzakze, romelmac

mTel Tavis prozas erTi saTauric

ki mougona _ `adamianuri komedia~.

amitom zRvari idividualur stilsa


7-20 agvisto 2009

da maneras Soris, erTi SexedviT, Zneli

gasavlebia. Tumca kargi mkiTxveli

amas yovelTvis grZnobs.

_ marsel prusti werda: `kargi

wignebis erT-erTi gasaocari Tviseba

swored isaa, rom avtorisTvis mas

SeiZleba `daskvnebi~ erqvas, mkiTxvelisTvis

ki `biZgi~. TqvenTvis romelia

yvelaze kargi wigni?

_ pasuxi Tqvensave kiTxvaSia _

kargi wignia is, romelic iZleva biZgs

iseT sakiTxebze fiqrisaTvis, razedac

wakiTxvamde saerTod ar gifiqria, an

fiqris sagani aseT rakursSi jer ar

daginaxavs; romelic emociur da inteleqtualur

daZabulobas iwvevs da

aRviZebs warmosaxvas; romelic, mokled

rom vTqvaT, sakuTar Tavs da pirad

problemebs gaviwyebs, amiT ki

Tavisuflebas ganiWebs. aseTi wignebi,

RvTis madliT, Zalian bevria.

kargi wigni, maRal literaturas

ar niSnavs, magram mis gareSe samyaro

daiRupeboda. Cvens TaobaSi vis ara

aqvs wakiTxuli iaSaRaSvilis `mglis

biliki~?! snobebi ityvian, rom es saer-

Tod ar aris literatura, rom gemovnebis

daqveiTeba aseTi teqstebiT

iwyeba da sxv. magram `mglis biliki~ is

wigni iyo, romelic Soreuli reisis

mZRolebs `sideniis~ qveS edoT da

xanmokle gaCerebebis dros kiTxulobdnen;

maRaziis gamyidvl qalebs

nervebi eSlebodaT, rodesac myidveli

aiZulebda Tvali moewyvitaT gacrecili

furclebisaTvis da Zexvi

aewonaT; madloba iaSaRaSvils, ioram

Cadunels da kidev bevrs, romelTa

wignebic gamarTuli qarTuli enis

wiaRSi amyofebda amden adamians da

droebiT mainc aTavisuflebda rutinis,

erTferovnebisa da wvril-wvrili

sazrunav-sawuxaris Waobisagan. maSin

aravin ityoda ase: `madloba unda movuxado~,

`pozicia davafiqsiro~, anda

`informacia gavaJRero~.

_ mwerlis Semoqmedeba mainc sinamdvilisa

da gamogonilis Serwymaa,

ase Cans Tqvens bolo moTxrobaSi

`globalizacia~. es metad saWirboroto

problemaa dRevandel

msofliosTvis da arc saqarTveloa

gamonaklisi.

_ filosofosma da poetma mamuka

lekiaSvilma erTxel moswrebulad

Tqva, civilizacia istoriis didi mdinaris

napirebze mSenebare kompleqss

hgavs, romelic amave mdinaris motanili

masaliT igeba. urTierTdakavSirebul

Senoba-nagebobaTa daxvaveba nelnela

aviwrovebs kalapots da nabijnabij

arTmevs mdinares mis kuTvnil

sivrces. es usasrulo mSenebloba nagebobaTa

kompleqss sabolood erT did

saxlad aqcevs, romlis SigniTac mihqris

artaxebSi moqceuli mdinare da

vinaidan es artaxebi sul ufro da

ufro viwrovdeba, mdinaris dineba

sul ufro swrafi da cofiani xdeba.

es procesi bolos miRwevs kritikul

zRvars, rodesac istoria Surs iZiebs.

didi madloba mamukas am martivi da

zusti metaforisTvis, romelic na-

Tel warmodgenas gvaZlevs Tanamedrove

civilizaciur procesebze, globalizaciasa

da momavlis perspeqtivaze.

namdvilad aris raRac giJuri

proeqtSi, saxelwodebiT `globalizacia~

_ anu erTi veeba saxli, romlis

SigniTac mdinarea gamoketili. XX

saukunis bolos frensis fukuiamam

ukve gvamcno kidec istoriis dasrulebis

Sesaxeb. mere aRmoCnda, rom

fukuiamas `informacia~ istoriis

gardacvalebis Sesaxeb naadrevi da

gadaWarbebuli aRmoCnda, magram tendencia

(an, rogorc Cveni liberalinteleqtualebi

ityvian, `intencia~)

zustad aris nagrZnobi da Cavlebuli.

cxadia, es xeriozul xifaTs uqmnis

civilizacias. Cven vxedvT, rom sabediswero

bzari ukve Tavidan bolomde

gasdevs civilizebul samyaros da mamuka

lekiaSvilis sityvebiT rom vTq-

vaT, `am mravalsarTulian nagebobas

niu-iorkis tyupebiviT dangreviT emuqreba~.

Cven vgrZnobT, rom rRvevas

ganicdis yvela Sre da sarTuli:

ideologiuri, politikuri,

ekonomikuri, kulturuli, socialuri

da egzistencialuri. igive iTqmis

adamianis fsiqikisa da cnobierebis

Sesaxebac. yvela CamoTvlil sferoSi

konfliqtebi da ganxeTqileba

permanentuli da Seuqcevadia.

_ globalizacia CvenSic ikidebs

fexs, rasac Tqveni moTxrobis personaJebic

grZnoben, magram sjobs

met-naklebad gacnobierebuli

hqondes sazogadoebas, Tu rasTan

aqvs saqme, raTa mosalodnelze naklebi

davkargoT.

_ saqarTveloSi (da saqarTvelos

gareTac) bevri fiqrobs, rom globalizacia

qveynebisa da erebisaTvis

viRacis mier xelovnurad Tavsmoxveuli

Zaladobrivi qmedebaa. am `viRaca-

Si~, albaT trans-nacionaluri finansuri

korporaciebi unda igulisxmebodes.

xalxurad amas zogjer `masonebis~,

uares SemTxvevaSi ki `sionistebis~

globalur SeTqmulebad naTlaven

xolme. aseTi tipis msjelobas

xSirad vismenT bazrobebze, transportSi,

teleekranidanac ki.

namdvilad ar mivekuTvnebi im

snobebis ricxvs, romlebic waramara

gaiZaxian neoliberalur kliSed

qceul uazro frazas: `me ar mjera

SeTqmulebaTa Teoriis.~ gvjera, Tu ar

gvjera, faqtia, rom masStaburi SeTqmulebebi

istoriariaSi xdeboda,

xdeba da momavalSic moxdeba. magram,

am konkretul SemTxvevaSi namdvilad

ver gaviziareb istoriis primitiul

masonofobiur axsnas.

me viziareb azrs, rom globalizacia

dasavluri civilizaciis istoriuli

ganviTarebis Sedegad warmoSobili

kanonzomieri procesia da

istoriis subieqtebis _ erebis, winaSe

Slis axal politikur, ekonomikur da

kulturul perspeqtivebs, magram,

amave dros Seicavs seriozul xifaTsac.

globalizaciis procesis pozitiurad

gamoyeneba damokidebulia

TiTeul calke aRebul erze da

erovnul saxelmwifoze, mis inteleqtualur,

sulier da materialur mzaobaze.

magram, vinaidan aseTi mzaobis

xarisxi yvela konkretul SemTxvevaSi

sxvadasxvaa _ globalizaciis procesTan

dakavSirebuli sargebelic da

saSiSroebac yvela calke aRebuli

erisTvis gansxvavebuli iqneba. aqedan

gamomdinare, ganuzomlad izrdeba

nebismieri erovnuli xelisuflebis

mniSvneloba da misi pasuxismgebloba,

raTa maqsimalurad gamoiyenos axali

saSualebebi da minimumade Seamciros

eris winaSe mdgari xifaTi.

rodesac saubaria globalizaciis

pozitiur mxareze, aqcenti sam arsebiT

momentze keTdeba:

1. informaciiuli nakadebis swrafi

da SeuzRudavi miRebisa da gavrcelebis

saSualeba planetarul

masStabSi (masmedia, multimedia, interneti

da sxv.).

2. dedamiwis nebismier wertilSi

kapitalis swrafad da SeuzRudavad

mozidvis saSualeba, saWiro proeqtis

gansaxorcieleblad (saerTaSoriso

sabanko qseli, safondo birJebi da

sxv.).

3. nebismieri profesiisa da kvalifikaciis

adamianTa (fizikuri da inteleqtualuri

resursis) Tavisufali,

an gamartivebuli wesiT gadadgilebis

saSualeba.

Teoriulad, nebismier ersa da

erovnul xelisublebas SeuZlia am

sami saSualebidan nebismieris saku-

Tari nacionaluri interesebis Sesabamisad,

gaazrebulad da efeqturad

gamoyeneba. analogiurad _ nebismier

adamians, an korporaciuli niSniT

gaerTianebul adamianTa jgufs Seu-

Zlia zemoxsenebul saSualebaTa

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

gamoyeneba sakuTari interesebisaTvis.

magram, swored amaSive imaleba safrTxec.

saqme isaa, rom globalizaciis

procesi araproporciulad zrdis

Zlieri saxelmwifoebisa da korporaciuli

jgufebis ideebs, politikuri

da ekonomikur interesebis

gavrcelebisa da gabatonebis saSulebas.

2004 wlisaTvis mesame samyaros qveynebis

jamurma valma ornaxevar trilion

dolars gadaaWarba, am valis momsaxureba,

ki am qveynebs yovelwliurad

samas samocdaTxuTmeti miliardi

ujdebaT. es 3-jer metia, vidre mesame

samyaros qveynebi jandacvasa da ganaTlebaze

jamurad xarjaven da

ocjer aRemateba ganviTarebadi saxelmwifoebisaTvis

ekonomikuri daxmarebis

saxiT gamoyofil Tanxebs.

dedamiwis mosaxleobis naxevari cxovrobs

dReSi 2 dolarad. amave dros,

ganviTarebad qveynebSi kerZo kapitalisa

da uZravi qonebis 70-dan 90

procentamde ekuTvnis am qveynebSi

mcxovrebi ojaxebis 1 procents. mesame

samyaros qveynebis saxelmwifo biujetis

udidesi nawili procentiani

sagareo valebis gadaxdas, adgilobriv

CinovnikTa gamdidrebas da Ziri-

Tadad maT dasacavad Seqmnili policiuri

Zalebisa da armiebis Senaxvas

xmardeba da ara mosaxleobis

ekonomikur daxmarebas, romlis absoluturi

umravlesobac siRatakis zRvars

qvemoT imyofeba (j. perkinsi,

2005).

meqanizmi, romlis saSualebiTac

dedamiwaze aseTi globaluri `status-kvo~

miiRweva, martivia:

1. erovnuli mTavrobebis darwmuneba

infrastruqturisa da energetikis

seqtoris ganviTarebisaTvis

uzarmazari sagareo sesxebis aRebis

aucileblobaSi;

2. msoflio bankis, savaluto fondis,

an msxvili transnacionaluri korporaciebisagan

sesxis gacema im

pirobiT, rom proeqtirebisa da ganxorcielebisaTvis

gamoyofili Tanxis

ori mesamedi moxmardeba ucxoeli

eqspertebis, inJinrebisa da teqpersonalis

anazRaurebas, agreTve sabanko

momsaxebas;

3. erovnuli mTavrobebis iZuleba,

gadauxdeli valebis momsaxurebis sanacvlod

gaasxvison bunebrivi

resursebi da strategiuli obieqtebi.

perkinsi Tvlis, rom, glibaluri

imperiis Camoyalibebis JiniT Sepyrobili

korporaciebi, bankebi da

mTavrobebi iyeneben mTel Tavis finansur

da politikur muskulaturas,

raTa Cveni skolebi, universitetebi,

interviu

13

firmebi da masobrivi informaciis sa-

Sualebebi aRiarebdenen da amkvidrebdnen

azrs, rom sixrbe ganviTarebis

mTavari stimuli da motivaciaa,

rom dedamiwis bunebriv simdidreTa

ukanmouxedavi eqspluatacia gamarTlebulia,

rom Cvenma Svilebma unda

mibaZon adamianebs, romelTa cxovrebis

wesic yovlad uzneo da gauwonasworebelia,

rom dedamiwis mosaxleobis

didi jgufebi unda cxovrobdnen

"dawinaurebuli" elitaruli umciresobis

karnaxiT da eqvemdebarebodnen

mas...

ra Tqma unda, yvelaze advili da

komfortuli iqneboda yvelaferi

organizebuli SeTqmulebis, an SeTqmulTa

jgufisaTvis gadagvebralebina,

magram saubedurod, Tu sabednierod

es SeuZlebelia. es ar aris SeTqmuleba.

es Cven varT, mTeli Cveni

uazrobiT, sixarbiT da cofiT. yvelafers

Cvenive xeliT vakeTebT, ufro

swored vaoxrebT da amitomac gviWirs

globalizaciasTan swori, arsebobisaTvis

met-naklebad uxifaTo mimarTebis

gamoZebna.

_ ra mniSvneloba aqvs TqvenTvis,

rogorc mwerlisTvis mocaleobas?

_ mocaleobis Sesaxeb kacobriobis

erTerTi mTavari wignis, bibliis

pirvelsave gverdze saocari ram weria:

Tavidan RmerTma Seqmna zeca da

miwa, Semdeg dReebis mixedviTaa aRwerili

samyaros Seqmnis etapebi, bolos

ki teqsti gvamcnobs, rom meSvide dRes

RmerTma daisvena. Zneli warmosadgenia,

rom RmerTi daiRala. es cnoba demiurgis

mier Seqmnil kosmiur wesrig-

Si mocaleobis adgilsa da mniSvnelobaze

migvaniSnebs. es namdvilad RvTaebrivi

mWvretelobisa da hedonizmis

gamoxatulebaa.

meore, qarTvelTaTvis umTavres

wignSi, `vefxistyaosanSi~ rusTaveli

RmerTis mier adamianebisTvis boZebuli

madlis, mijnurobis axsnisas mocaleobas

aucilebel pirobad miiCnevs

siyrmesa da siuxvesTan erTad.

mocaleoba srul usaqmurobasa da

marazmSi yofnas ar niSnavs. kidev erTi

bibliuri gamonaTqvamis Tanaxmad,

`aris Jami qvaTa grovebisa da aris Jami

qvaTa srolisa~. mocaleoba STabeWdilebebis,

codnisa da gamocdilebis

grovebis Jamia. Semoqmedeba ki _ qvebis

srolaa.

gavkadnierdebi da vityvi, rom mocaleobis

rolisa da mniSvnelobis SefasebaSi

me srulad veTanxmebi zemoTmoyvanil

avtoritetul mosazrebebs.

esaubra xaTuna alxaziSvili


14 Targmani

pativcemulo sazogadoebav!

upirvelesad unda mogibodiSoT,

vinaidan ar maqvs am leqciis inglisurad

wakiTxvis unari. ukve mesame welia,

rac amerikaSi vcxovrob, da am

enas jerovnad ver daveufle. niuiorkSi

Camosvlis pirvelive dRidan

urTierToba rusul emigrantul wreebTan

davamyare da mxolod rusuli

problemebiT var dakavebuli. gaxldiT

yovelkvireuli rusulenovani Jurnalis

`axali amerikelis~ erT-erTi

damfuZnebeli da, aqedan gamomdinare,

inglisuri mxolod supermarketsa da

metroSi Tu mWirdeboda. saerTod, inglisur

enas rusi emigrantebi sxvadasxva

doneze floben. es codna Semdegnairad

SeiZleba davaxarisxoT:

metros inglisuri, supermarketis inglisuri;

ufro zemoT – televizoris

inglisuri da `deili niuzis~ inglisuri.

bolos ki, mwvervalze – `Caina Taunis~,

anu Cinuri ubnis inglisuri. yvelaze

metad Cven im inglisuris gageba

gviWirs, romliTac Cinuri restornebis,

samrecxaoebisa da sakancelario

maRaziebis mflobelebi sargebloben.

Cems megobarTagan yvelaze gonierni

umTavresad inglisuris cud codnaSi

madanaSauleben. maT ori argumenti

aqvT:

1. Tu inglisurs srulyofilad daeuflebi,

SeZleb amerikel da inglisel

mweralTa nawarmoebebis originalSi

wakiTxvas da Sens winaSe axali,

brwyinvale samyaro gadaiSleba.

2. inglisuris safuZvlianad Seswavla

gagiadvilebs amerikelebTan ur-

TierTobas da dagexmareba, ukeT Seicno

es saocari qveyana da sakuTari Tavi

mis srulyofil moqalaqed SeigrZno.

amaze Cemi kontr-argumentebiT

vpasuxob xolme. inglisuris Zalian kargad

Seswavlis SemTxvevaSic ki, didididi

is SevZlo, rom ukeT gavigo amerikeli

da ingliseli avtorebis nawarmoebebSi

siuJeti, Caswvde maT azrebsa

da ideebs.

Tumca literaturaSi yvelaze naklebad

swored azrebi, ideebi, da gansakuTrebiT

siuJeti mainteresebs. Cem-

Tvis yvelaze Rirebulia ara nawarmoebis

analitikuri mxare, aramed misi

xmovani gama, misi aromati, misi gradusi,

misi ferweruli da fonetikuri

struqtura - anu swored is, rasac Cven

auxsnel mimzidvelobas veZaxiT.

Tan unda gamogitydeT, rom Cems

samSobloSi, rac ar unda ucnaurad

geCvenoT, mTargmnelobiTi saqmianoba

Zalze kargadaa organizebuli. bevr

niWier mwerals da poets cenzura maTi

nawarmoebebis gamoqveynebis saSualeba

ar aZlevs da isic iZulebulia mTargmnelobas

mihyos xeli, raTa rogorme

saarsebo saxsari moipovos. Semi-

Zlia uamravi SesaniSnavi saxeli gavixseno,

dawyebuli pasternakisa da axmatovasgan,

brodskiTa da axmadulina-

Ti damTavrebuli. amiT TargmanTa done

udaod gaumjobesda, magram es moxda

mTliani rusuli literaturis

xarisxis klebis xarjze. asea Tu ise,

ruseTSi SesaZlebelia joisis, oruelis,

kiplingis, hemingueis, folkneris,

kolduelis, Tomas vulfis, stainbekis,

vonegutis, apdaikis, selinjerisa

da mravali sxva, SesaniSnavi ing-

sergei dovlatovi

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

literaturuli gazeTi 7-20 agvisto 2009

rusuli literaturis brwyinvaleba da siRatake

lisurenovani avtoris TargmanTa yidva.

rac Seexeba pirad kontaqtebs, bevri

Tavisufali dro ar maqvs. amitom

vcdilob literatorebTan viTanam-

Sromlo, umTavresad amerikel slavistebsa

da mTargmnelebTan, anu rusuli

enis mcodneebTan. aseTebia, magaliTad,

amerikelTa Soris Cemi uaxloesi

megobari, rusuli filologiis

profesori karl proferi da mTargmneli

en fridmani, visi rusulic Cemsas

ar Camouvardeba.

gamogitydebiT, rac mogaxseneT,

suleluri TavismarTlebaa da saku-

Tari udardelobis gamarTlebis

mcdeloba. amitomac kidev erTxel

gTxovT patiebas imisaTvis, rom am leqcias

rusulad gikiTxavT.

axla Cveni leqciis Temas davubrundeT.

leqciis saTaurad onore de balzakis

romanis saxeli `kurtizanTa

brwinvaleba da siRatake~ avirCie. literaturis

Sedareba Tavisufali yofaqcevis

qalbatonTan mkrexelobad

sulac ar mimaCnia. yovel SemTxvevaSi

literaturas is ufro esadageba, vidre,

vTqvaT, patiosani diasaxlisis

andac keTilsindisieri mosamsaxuris

roli. Tavisufali yofaqcevis qalbatonTan

literaturas isic aaxlovebs,

rom misi Rirebuleba masSivea, da ara

mis mier gaxmovanebul principebSi.

leqciis am saTaurs isic amarTlebs,

rom dResdReisobiT rusul literaturaSi

erTdroulad SeimCneva rogorc

misi udao didebis niSnebi, misive

aSkara ubadrukobac.

daviwyoT iqidan, rom evropuli da

amerikuli literaturisgan gansxvavebiT,

rusuli literatura, dasavluri

gagebiT, literaturas saerTod ar

warmoadgens.

es paradoqsi erTgvar ganmartebas

saWiroebs.

rusuli marTlmadidebeli eklesia

(ruseTis mTavari eklesia) dasavluri,

kaTolikuri da protestatuli eklesiebisgan

gansxvavebiT rus xalxSi didi

avtoritetiT arasdros sargeblobda.

mas ar gaaCnda is mrisxane Zala,

romelic misdami pativiscemasa da

SiSs daTesda. rusul xalxur zRapreb-

Si bevrgan vawydebiT mraval Seuracxyofasa

da dacinvas mRvdelTmsaxur-

Ta mimarT. iq xSirad abuCad igdeben

mRvdlebsa da maT colebs, romlebic,

rogorc wesi xarb, briyv da gaiZvera

tipaJebad arian gamoyvanilni. rusuli

eklesiis istoriaSi mravali mowame

da gmiria, magram Zalian iSviaTad Tu

waawydebiT moqmedebis pozitiuri

programis mqone religiur moRvawes.

rusuli eklesiis avtoriteti swored

axla mtkicdeba, am bolo aTwleulSi,

anu disidentobis epoqaSi, rodesac

ramdenime rusma mRvdelTmsaxurma didi

sulieri simtkice gamoavlina totalitarzmTan

brZolaSi riTac xalxis

siyvaruli da pativiscema daimsaxura.

rac Seexeba rusul filosofias,

igi dasavlur filosofiaze bevrad

axalgazrdaa. man ganviTareba mxolod

me-19 saukuneSi daiwyo, riTac msoflios

iseTi brwyinvale saxelebi misca,

rogoricaa bulgakovi, soloviovi,

leontievi, berdiaevi da sxvebi. istoriulad,

filosofosebs ruseTSi

yvela juris antisocialuri elementebi

enacvlebodnen – salosebi, mawanwalebi,

galoTebuli mwignobar-molaybeebi

da ubralo quCis takimasxrebi.

maT mimarT rusuli sazogadoeba

yovelTvis erTgvar zizRnarev cnobismoyvareobas

avlenda.

sxva ambavia literatura, romelic

ruseTSi yovelTvis ukiduresad popularuli

iyo da didi pativiscemiT

sargeblobda. mwerals ruseTSi winaswarmetyvelad

Tvlidnen da mas titanur

SesaZleblobebs awerdnen. mwerlisagan

ruseTSi yvelaze didi, saxelm-

(niu-iorkis universitetSi wakiTuli leqcia)

wifoebrivi mniSvnelobis sakiTxebis

gadaWras elodnen xolme. misi roli

da funqcia aq yovelTvis gansakuTrebulad

sapatio iyo. amitomac sakuTar

Tavze Tqma, rom `mwerali var~ ruseT-

Si iseTive cud tonad iTvleboda, rogorc

Tqma imisa, rom `ulamazesi var~,

an `seqsualuri giganti var~, an ubralod,

rom `var kargi adamiani~. ruseTSi

mwerlebTan damokidebuleba Zalian

hgavs amerikelebis damokidebulebas

kinovarskvlavebTan an sportis CempionebTan.

sabWoTa kavSirSi satelevizio

reklama rom arsebobdes, filmebs

Soris pauzebSi vixilavdiT ara fara

fosets, an muhamed alis, aramed kurt

voneguts, apdaiks da aizek baSevic zingers.

Tumca, ra dasamalia, rom fara

foseti mainc ukeT gamoiyureba, vidre

zingeri, da Tundac voneguti.

swored am mizeziT rusulma literaturam

TandaTan SeiZina is Tvisebebi,

romlebic mas aranairad ar sWirdeboda.

religiis analogiurad, man Tavze

udidesi zneobrivi muxtis itvir-

Ta, xolo filosofiis darad garesamyaros

inteleqtualuri ganmartebis

misias daepatrona. wminda esTeturi,

artistuli movlenidan literatura

TandaTanobiT cxovrebis saxelmZRvanelod

gadaiqca. ufro xatovnad Tu

vityviT, nacvlad imisa, rom TviTon

yofiliyo oqro, igi oqros mopovebis

instruqciad gadakeTda.

amas xeli rusulma literaturulma

kritikamac Seuwyo, romlis safuZvlebic

seriozulma sazogado moRvaweebma

_ belinskim, CerniSevskim da

dobroliubovma Cayares. kritika literaturas

iseT moTxovnebs uyenebda,

romelTac saerTo araferi hqondaT

literaturis esTetur RirebulebebTan

da mas sazogadoebriv-politikuri

tendenciebis msaxurebas avalebda.

rusuli literaturisagan moelodnen

xalxis keTildReobaze zrunvas,

ganaTlebis popularizacias, da arc

ise ukanasknel rigSi – mimzidvel da

damajerebel zneobriv qadagebas.

amgvarad, WeSmariti rusuli literaturis

istoria misi esTeturi uflebebis

SenarCunebisaTvis brZolis da

am, mis mierve dawesebul, esTetur

sazRvrebSi Tavisufali ganviTarebisTvis

brZolis ambavia.

amis zedmiwevniT zust magaliTs

udidesi rusi poeti da prozaikosi

aleqsandr puSkini warmoadgens. pu-

Skinma ganasaxiera yvelaferi saukeTeso

da srulyofili rusul literaturaSi.

sabWoTa kavSirSi puSkinis

pirovneba da Semoqmedeba dReisTvis

mTlianad kanonizirebulia. arsebobs

misi saxelobis asobiT humanitaruli

dawesebuleba, mis nawarmoebebs aswavlian

skolebsa da universtetebSi. misi

portretebi iseve xSirad gvxvdeba

TvalSi, rogorc leninisa da breJnevis

portretebi. sinamdvilisgan xSirad

Zlier daSorebul mis gamosaxulebebs

waawydebiT abanoebsa da stadionebze,

sabavSvo baRebsa da stomatologiur

klinikebSi. puSkinis Semoqmedeba

wmindaTa-wmindaa leninisa da breJnevis

Semoqmedebis msgavsad. Tumca, es

yovelTvis ase rodi iyo. puSkins Tanamedroveni

qarafSutobasa da molaybeobas

abralebdnen, Txzavdnen masze

mware parodiebs da misgan meti sazogadoebriv-politikuri

JReradobis

mqone nawarmoebebs iTxovdnen. amasTan

dakavSirebiT moviyvan erT citatas

puSkinisa da mis axlo megobris, Tavad

viazemskis mimoweridan.

viazemski wers:

`yvela mwerlis amocana isaa, rom

mkiTxvels sikeTisadmi siyvaruli,

codvisadmi ki siZulvili gauRvivos~.

puSkini mtkiced da mkacrad pasuxobs:

`sulac ara. poezia zneobriobaze

maRlaa. yovel SemTxvevaSi, is sul sxva

ramea~.

puSkinis am gancxadebaSi gansaku-

TrebiT mniSvnelovani meore nawilia.

gansja imaze, ra ufro maRla dgas, poezia

Tu zneoba, iseve rTulia, rogorc

imis garkveva, spilo ufro Zlieria Tu

veSapi. sirTule swored isaa, rom isini

sruliad gansxvavebuli movlenebia.

puSkinisaTvis zneobrivi an ideologiuri

pretenziis wayeneba iseTive

sibriyvea, rogorc mglisa Tu qoris

amoralobaze laparaki. iseTive sisulelea,

rogorc mcdeloba moraluri

zewola movaxdinoT qariSxalze, wyaldidobasa

Tu udabnos papanaqebaze.

puSkini qmnida, Tu SeiZleba iTqvas,

bunebriv reJimSi sicocxlisadmi sruli

TanagrZnobiT, da amgvarad nebismieri

mosazrebis gamoxatva SeeZlo. am

dros misi piradi sazogadoebriv-politikuri

Sexedulebebi sruliad araaqtualuria.

puSkinis gmirebi iSviaTad

msjeloben abstraqtulad, da maSinac

ki roca es xdeba, msjelobis sagani

mainc SemoqmedebiT process exeba, risi

magaliTicaa puSkinis `mcire tragedia~

– `mocarti da salieri~.

puSkini ara profesiiT, aramed sakuTari

fiziologiuri wyobiT iyo xelovani.

misi Segneba artistuli procesis

warmmarTvel berkets warmoadgenda

da yovelive, rasac misi xeli

exeboda, literatura xdeboda. aseTi

iyo misi piradi cxovrebac - brwyinvale

literaturul siuJetSi moqceuli

mravali detali, romelic tragikuli

finaliT damTavrda. amrigad,

puSkinis Semoqmedeba warmoadgenda

literaturaSi esTetizmis gamarjvebas

sazogadoebriv-politikur qadagebebsa

da moralistobaze. Tu CavTvliT,

rom rusuli literatura puSkiniT

iwyeba, es namdvilad mravlismomaswavebeli

da iRbliani dasawyisi gaxldaT.

axla ki rusuli prozis im oTxi gigantis

Semoqmedebas Sevexod, vinc puSkinis

gakvalul gzas daadga. vgulisxmob

tolstois, dostoevskis, turgenevsa

da gogols.

oTxive maTgans udidesi plastiuri

niWi gaaCnda da TiToeuli maTgani sazogadoebriv-politikur

da sulierregiliur

moRvaweobis sferoebSi ama

Tu im doziT sakuTarma TavSeukavebelma

TviTgamoxatvam imsxverpla.

lev tolstoi aTamde genialuri

wignis avtori iyo. mogvianebiT ki man

sruliad unayofo zneobrivi moZRvreba

Seqmna, uari Tqva sakuTar nawarmoebebze,

dawera aTasobiT warmoudgenlad

mosawyeni igavi da TiTqmis degeneratuli

traqtatebi xelovnebaze,

baletze, Seqspirul dramebze. bolos

igi saSinel zneobriv tanjvaSi, yvela

problemaze pasuxgaucemlad, rkinigzis

sadguris mosacdelSi mitovebuli

da ojaxidan gaqceuli gardaicvala.

sainteresoa misi `iasnaia polianas~

skolis bedic. tolstoim saku-

Tar sofelSi glexTa SvilebisaTvis

skola gaxsna, romelSic TviTonve aswavlida.

mas aRafrTovanebda mowafeebis

sxarti goneba da uSualoba. mwerali

bavSvebs zneobriv principebs

unergavda, rasac mogvianebiT moyva is,

rom maTi umetesoba `narodnikebad~,

loTebad da gzaabneul adamianad Camoyalibda,

visac sakuTar pedagogze iSviaTad

Tu dascdeboda raime kargi.

xalxis mexsierebaSi tolstoi did

Semoqmedad darCa, misi sazogado moRvaweoba

ki, romelic mas sakuTari cxovrebis

mTavar saqmed miaCnda, aRaravis

axsovs da mxolod akademiuri wreebis

interesad rCeba.

dostoevskim oTxi genialuri romani

Seqmna, magram sakuTar saJurnalo-sazogadoebriv

asparezze rogorc

slavianofilma publicistma, Tavi

saSinel reaqcionerad da, rac mTavaria,

Zalian mosawyen avtorad warmoaCina.

misi uzomod gawelili `mwerlis

dRiuri~ axlosac ver miva misive mx-


7-20 agvisto 2009

atvrul nawarmoebebTan.

dostoevskis sicocxleSi yvelaferi

saukeTeso literaturas ukavSirdeba,

yvelaferi cudi ki - katorRa,

gadasaxleba, iZulebiTi samxedro samsaxuri,

finansuri Tu sazogadoebrivpolitikuri

gaugebrobebi pirdapir

kavSirSia mis mcdelobebTan, daemkvidrebina

Tavi aramxatvrul sferoeb-

Si.

turgenevis Semoqmedeba marTlac

genialuri `monadiris CanawerebiT~

iwyeba. Semdeg igi `ideuri~ romanebis

Txzvas Seudga, ramac sicocxleSive

mouRo bolo mis warsul didebas. turgenevis

Tayvanismcemlebi gansakuTrebiT

usvamen xazs mis mier bunebis silamazis

aRweris SesaniSnav unars. me es

aRwerilobani sworxazovan naturalistur

Txrobad mimaCnia, romliTac

SeiZleba mxolod botanikosi an mxaredmcodne

dainteresdes. turgenevis

gmirebi sqematurebi arian, misi ybada-

Rebuli qalebi ki mkiTxvelSi yvelanair

grZnobebs iwveven maTi gacnobis

survilis garda. dRes Znelad warmomidgenia

inteligenti adamiani, romelic

turgenevis moTxrobebs waikiTxavs,

Tu mas raime praqtikuli an akademiuri

miznebi ar gaaCnia, vTqvaT aseTi

`turgenevi da me-19 saukunis 60-iani

wlebis rusuli sazogadoebrivi azrovneba~.

gogols satiruli mimarTulebis

fenomenaluri artistuli monacemi

da totaluri iumoris grZnoba hqonda,

rac rus mwerlebs arc Tu xSirad

axasiaTebT. man datova erT-erTi saukeTeso

rusuli romani `mkvdari sulebi~,

Semdeg ki zneobrivi idealebis

Ziebas CauRrmavda, gamosca samarcxvino

wigni _ `megobrebTan mimowerebidan~,

romelSic monobis instututis

gamarTlebas Seecada, Cakla sakuTar

TavSi Semoqmedi da axalgazrda da

sruliad SeSlili gardaicvala.

am oTxi titanis Semcvlelad movida

Cexovi _ rusul literaturaSi pirveli

WeSmaritad evropeli mwerali,

artistuli Semoqmedi, romelic aranairi

sazogadoebriv-politikuri gamoxtomebiTa

da fokusebiT ar gasvrila.

man pirvelma moipova dasavleTis

didi aRiareba. saukeTeso amerikeli

mwerlebi daufaravad saubrobdnen mis

gavlenaze, samSobloSi ki igi yvelaze

aRviraxsnili da Seuracmyofeli Tavdasxmebis

obieqtad aqcies belinskis,

CerniSevskisa da dobrolubovis literaturul-kritikuli

skolis warmomadgenlebma.

Cexovs brals sdebdnen

cinizmSi, gulgrilobaSi, xalxis gaWirvebisadmi

uyuradRebobaSi. kritikosma

mixailovskim mas Robis ZirSi Sim-

SiliT sikvdilic ki uwinaswarmedtyvela.

amis miuxedavad, Cexovma didi

sulieri simtkice gamoiCina, sazogadoebriv

politikur vnebebamde ar

daeca da sakuTar TavSi Semoqmedi

SeinarCuna, riTac ukvdavebasac miaRwia.

misi Semoqmedeba aRsavsea RirsebiTa

da simSvidiT, is normaluria am

sityvis saukeTeso mniSvnelobiT, rogori

normaluric unda iyos cocxali

bunebis nebismieri movlena.

aq uadgilo ar iqneba Seqspiris citireba.

erT-erT monologSi hamleti

ambobs sityvebs, romelTa mxolod miaxlovebiT

gaxseneba SemiZlia, Tumca

maT azrSi absoluturad darwmunebuli

var. hamleti acxadebs:

`ra momivida netav iseTi, kaxpa

dedakaciviT sakuTari sulis gamoxatvas

sityvebiT rom vlamob...~

hamlets unda Tqvas, rom sityvebi

unayofo refleqsiis Sedegia da, rom

namdvili kaci sakuTar Tavs aqtiur

nayofier moqmedebaSi unda gamoxatavdes

da, rom Tanamedrove sazogadoebas

swored amgvari moRvawe sWirdeba

da a.S.

es azri savsebiT misaRebia hamletisnairi

saxelmwifo moRvawis piridan,

magram miuRebelia SemoqmedisTvis,

vinaidan Semoqmedis mxridan TviT

sityvaa saqme. miuxedavad amisa, yvela

rus mwerals sakuTar SemoqmedebaSi

umaRlesi miRwevisTanave sazogadoebriv-politikuri

moRvaweobisadmi

ltolvis dauokebeli Jini gauCnda da

am asparezze saSineli marcxi iwvnia.

amgvari globaluri warumateblobis

nimuSad Tundac solJenicinis publicisturi

moRvaweoba gamodgeba. sol-

Jenicinma SemoqmedebiTi gza mSvenieri

romanebis weriT daiwyo, magram

dasavleTSi moxvedrisTanave gadawyvita

bralmdeblisa da winaswarmetyvelis

mantia moesxa da ise movlenoda

sazogadoebas. igi saTaveSi Caudga rusuli

sazogadoebrivi azrovnebis friad

saxifaTo nacionalur-qristianul,

saboloo jamSi avtoritarul tendencias,

riTac sakuTari Tavis komprometacia

moaxdina im mkiTxvelTa

TvalSi, visac ruseTis momavali evropul-demokratiul

saxelmwifod hqonda

warmodgenili.

solJenicinis literaturuli antipodia

didi rusi poeti, Cemi Zveli

nacnobi da piradi gmiri iosif brodski.

igi ver acduna veranairma sazogadoebriv-politikurma

rolma da is

poetad, mxatvrad, ostatad darCa.

swored amitom igi dRemde mwvave kritikis

obieqtia rusuli emigrantuli

beWdviTi sityvisa, sadac bolo dReebs

iTvlian belinskisa da dobrolubovis

mimdevarni, romelTac TavianTi winaprebis

arc uangaroba da arc vneba ar

gaaCniaT, TumcaRa maT Secdomebs dausjelad

amravleben.

brodskis da solJenicins isev davubrundebi,

rodesac Tanamedrove

etapze myof rusul literaturas ganvixilav.

yovelive zemoTqmuli imas rodi

niSnavs, rom literaturas mkiTxvelze

dadebiTi gavlenis moxdena ar ZaluZs.

araviTar SemTxvevaSi. namdvili literatura

amgvar zegavlenas mniSvnelovnad

axdens, magram ara ise sworxazovnad,

rogorc amas plakati, an,

vTqvaT, masobrivi sainformacio saSualeba

akeTebs. literatura amas rTuli,

iribi saSualebiT aRwevs, am meqanizmis

zemoqmedebis gaanalizeba Znelia.

bevrad ufro iolia yuradRebis

gamaxvileba im martivsa da naTel grZnobebze,

romelic ase Tu ise yvela mki-

Txvels awuxebs ruseTSic da dasavleTSic.

rodesac raime SesaniSnavs

kiTxulobT, warmtac musikas usmenT,

an niWier ferwerul tilos aTvalierebT,

erTi wuTiT swydebiT realobas

da TiTqmis usityvod ambobT:

`RmerTo, ra sulelurad, briyvulad

da arasworad vcxovrob! rogori

udardeli, daundobeli da umsgavso

var! dResve, axlave daviwyeb sxvanair

cxovrebas _ Rirseuls, keTilSobils,

gonivruls...~

ai, es, Tavisi arsiT, religiuri

grZnoba warmoadgens literaturis

zneobriv gamarjvebas. es grZnobaa misi

mkiTxvelis gonebaze moraluri zegavlenis

nayofi – im zegavlenisa, romelic

mxolod esTeturi xerxebiT Tu miiRweva...

ase rom, revoluciamdeli rusuli

literatura metnaklebi warmatebiT

axerxebda sakuTari artistuli uflebebis

dacvas da orad gaxleCili sazogadoebrivi

valdebulebebisa da saku-

Tari daniSnulebis msaxurebisaTvis

brZolaSi viTardeboda. ruseTSi arsebobda

zogjer msubuqi, zogjer ki

sakmaod daundobeli klerikaluri da

samoqalaqo cenzura, sazogadoebrivi

sikeTis ideiT gamsWvaluli uceremonio

literaturuli kritika. magram

1917 wlamde ruseTs ar hqonda artistebze

damiznebuli da maT daTrgunvaze

orientirebuli sadamsjelo aparati.

amitomac mweralTa Soris saukeTesoni

axerxebdnen dasaxuli amocanebis

Sesrulebas. Tu marcxdebodnen,

mxolod sakuTar TavTan da ara saxelmwifosTan

uimedo orTabrZolaSi.

1917 wlidan ki yvelaefri Seicvala.

leninma oficialurad da araorazrovnad

xelovnebas garesamyaros

Semcvleli erT-erTi instrumentis

roli miuCina. es periodi rusuli literaturis

mizanmimarTuli ganadgurebis

dasawyisia. aqedan moyolobuli

igi gausaZlis pirobebSi ganagrZobs

arsebobas, kargavs saukeTeso warmomadgenlebs

da saxelmwifosTan mTliani

asocirebis donemde mdabldeba. oficialuri

monacemebiT rvaasamde gamorCeuli

literatori stalinis sakoncentracio

banakebSi ganadgurda. magram

kidev ufro didi saSineleba iyo,

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

rom literatura kargavda uZvirfases,

misi sicocxlisunarianobisaTvis

aucilebel Tvisebas – Ria da uSiSari

TviTgamoxatvis unars.

da Tuki ocian, ocdaaTian wlebSi

rusuli literatura raRacnairad

jer kidev iZleoda brwyinvale da

Rirseul nayofs, es misi normaluri

da bunebrivi ganviTarebis faqtad ar

unda miviCnioT. metad xatovnad rom

vTqva, es iyo Camqrali varskvlavis

Suqi, da Tuki solJenicins davesesxebi

– is miwaSi gamqrali tbis narCen qafs

ufro hgavda.

WeSmariti literatura raRac periodiT

mainc agrZelebda arsebobas

im mizezis gamo, rom damjeli meqanizmi

moqmedebaSi TandaTanobiT modioda,

da momavalSic garkveuli xarvezebiT

Tu axerxebda muSaobas.

1941 wlis omis dawyebisTvis literatura

ukve TiTqmis mTlianad ganadgurda

da mas mere am sferoSi mtanjvelma

ubadrukobam didi xniT

daisadgura.

50-iani wlebis bolosTvis xruSCovis

moklevadianma daTbobam literaturul

ZalTa gamococxleba gamoiwvia

da JurnalebSi gaielva axalgazrda,

niWieri mwerlebis – aksionovis,

gladilinis, voinoviCis, okujavas,

efimovis, axmadulinas, SuqSinis, iskanderis,

balteris da sxvaTa saxelebma.

es iyo didi iluziebisa da kidev

ufro didi imedebis periodi. bevrs

egona, rom literaturuli procesis

aRdgena SesaZlo xdeboda da rom Sesa-

Zlebeli iyo gadebuliyo xidebi klasikur

rusul literaturasa da samociani

wlebis jansaR mxatvrul tendenciebs

Soris.

vai rom, am iluziebs axdoma ar eweraT.

sazogadoebis demokratizaciis

procesi swrafad Sevida CixSi da is,

rac amas mohyva kidev ufro ubadruki,

unayofo da gulisgamawvrilebeli

aRmoCnda.

Tu stalinis dros niWier mwerlebs

nawarmoebebs jer ubeWdavdnen, Semdeg

lafs asxamdnen da bolos xvretdnen

an sakoncentracio banakebSi anadgurebdnen

(babeli, pilniaki, mandelStami),

axla maT aRar xvretdnen, cixeSic

TiTqmis aravis svamdnen, magram aravis

aRarafersac uqveynebdnen. saukeTeso

mwerlebi, SeTqmulebiviT werdnen

`ujrisTvis~, rogorc maSin ambobdnen.

naklebad Rirseulni da rwmenaSi meryevni

ki mTeli guliT saxelmwifos samsaxurSi

Cadgnen, riTac Zlier mimzidvel

materialur keTildReobas miaRwies.

Tumca aseT pesimistur pozicias

Cemi yvela megobari rodi iziarebs.

zogi maTgani cdilobs gadamarwmunos:

`...ki magram, xom arsebobs niWieri

nawarmoebebi. xom axerxebs zogierTi

cenzuruli barierebis gverdis avlas?

xom arsebobs raRac soro sindissa

da naZirlobas Soris?..~ da a.S.

amis pasuxad maT erT igavs vuyvebi,

romelic sakmaod banaluria, Tumca

kargad gamoxatavs movlenis arss.

warmoidgineT, rom gyavT deda, romelic

Tqvens ZmasTan erTad miluokis

StatSi cxovrobs. uceb igebT, rom dedaTqveni

mZimed gaxda avad da saavadmyofoSi

moxvda, SeSfoTebuli Zmas

werils ugzavniT: `ra mouvida dedas?

saswrafod mipasuxe!~

Tqveni Zma saswrafod gpasuxobT:

`CvenTan, moluokiSi, saSineli amindia~.

da Semdeg is niWierad, brwyinvaled

aRwers miluokis aminds. dedaze arc

erTi sityva.

Tqven kidev ufro nerviulobiT,

gzavniT kidev erT werils _ `dedas

ra sWirs?”

Zma gpasuxobT: `CvenTan, miluoki-

Si, transporti cudad moZraobs.”

Semdeg modis miluokis transportis

niWieri aRwera. dedaze ki isev

arcerTi sityva.

da ase gauTaveblad, rac marTla

gvaRelvebs, imaze arcerTi sityva,

mTavarze arcerTi sityva.

dedis magier SegviZlia samSoblo

warmovidginoT, misi bediT davinteresdeT.

an, rac kidev ufro rTuli da

zustia, rac literaturas literatu-

Targmani

15

rulad aqcevs –Ria, Tavisufali da

uSiSari TviTgamoxatva...

rodesac sabWoTa kavSirSi vcxovrobdi

da Cems moTxrobebs arsad beWdavdnen,

Cemma rva wlis qaliSvilma,

romelic amas Zlier ganicdida, erTxel

mirCia:

`mama, Senc ra sul cud rameebze

wer, aiRe da rame kargze dawere. magaliTad

ZaRlze. Tu ZaRlze dawer,

SeiZleba Seni moTxroba dabeWdon

kidec...~

hoda, mec erTi patara igavi movigone.

isic sakmaod banaluria da aseve

gamoxatavs viTarebis arss.

erT saxelmwifoSi mxatvari cxovrobda.

erTxel mefem is TavisTan miixmo

da uTxra:

_ damixate rame da kargad dagajildoveb.

_ ra gsurT, davxato?

_ rac mogesurveba, _ upasuxa mefem,

_ yvelaferi, patara mwvane muxluxos

garda.

_ ese igi, rac minda yvelaferi Semi-

Zlia davxato? – Seubruna kiTxva mxatvarma.

_ ra Tqma unda, _ upasuxa mefem,

_ yvelaferi, erTi patara mwvane muxluxos

garda.

mxatvari Sin wavida samuSaod. gavida

erTi Tve, ori, sami. mefes mobezrda

lodini. mxatvari daibara da hki-

Txa:

_ sad aris Seni naxati?

mxatvarma amoioxra da moaxsena:

_ ver vxatav, mefeo, radgan dilidan

saRamomde im patara mwvane muxluxoze

vfiqrob...

dRevandeli rusuli literaturis

suraTi Zlier usicocxlod meCveneba.

magram Tu asea, maS ratomRa vuwode

Cems gamosvlas `brwyinvaleba da siRatake~.

siRatakis mxriv yvelaferi rigzea,

ai, brwyinvaleba ki raRac ar mo-

Cans. Tumca es mTlad ase ar aris. erTxel

Tomas manma aseTi ram ganacxada:

`germanuli literatura aris iq, sadac

var me~.

aseTi gancxadeba iseT gigantsac

ki, rogorc Tomas mania, SeiZleba vinmem

trabaxad CauTvalos, magram es mxolod

erTi SexedviT. am gancxadebiT

Tomas mans erTi martivi ramis Tqma

surda. sakuTari saxelis xseneba mxolod

pirobiTi da SemTxveviTia. mas

undoda eTqva, rom sanam cocxlobs da

muSaobs erTi WeSmariti mwerali, literatura

grZeldeba. maSasadame, sanam

cocxlobs da Sromobs Tundac erTi

genialuri rusi mwerali, rusuli

literaturis genialoba grZeldeba.

literaturis marcvali SesaZloa

ara mxolod erTma kacma ataros saku-

Tar TavSi, aramed ufro metic, igi Sei-

Zleba aTwleulobiT inaxebodes uxamsobisa

da lpobis qveS da uceb, pirvelive

xelsayrel momentSi man SesaZloa

umSvenieresi tani aiyaros. rusuli sityvierebis

aRorZinebis imeds maZlevs

is, rom dRes literaturaSi moRvaweobs

erTi genialuri rusi mwerali.

es aris iosif brodski. mis garda literaturas

qmnis kidev ramdenime maRali

klasis ostati: aqsionovi, voinoviCi,

iskanderi, siniavnski, zinovievi da

erofeevi.

garda amisa, arsebobs kritika. Cemi

megobrebi da kolegebi, vaili da genisi

cdiloben dasavleTSi wminda wylis

mxatvruli, sufTad esTetikuri

kritikis nimuSebi Seqmnan, rac kargad

gamosdiT. amas yvela emigranti beletristis

mier maTdami gamoxatuli

zizRic mowmobs. am ukanasknelT miaCniaT,

rom ubadrukoba Soridan Sesa-

Zlebelia Rirsebad aRviqvaT, xolo

sakuTar qmnilebebSi dabudebuli mowyeniloba

siRrmed gavasaRoT.

didi imediT moveli solJenicinis

axal nawarmoebebs.

me ki msurs vicocxlo im dRemde,

rodesac Cemi samarcxvino, msoflios

safrTxobelad qceuli samSoblo

aRorZindeba da es, imavdroulad, Cveni

mravaltanjuli literaturis

aRdgomis dRec iqneba. es ori procesi

garduvalia da arc ki vici, romel

maTgans veli meti mRelvarebiT...

1982

Targmna nikoloz ruruam


16 sarkmeli

axali proeqti _

`sakacobrio Janri~

socialuri da ekonomikuri kvlevis

britanuli sabWo muSaobas iwyebs

axal proeqtze, romelic genetikisa da

bioinformatikis sferoSi kvlevis

popularizacias isaxavs miznad. proeqtis

ZiriTadi amocanaa, Seiqmnas mokle

moTxrobebisa da leqsebis biblioTeka,

romelic genetikis Tematikas

mieZRvneba.

axalma proeqts ucnauri saxelwodeba

aqvs _ `sakacobrio Janri~.

dResdReobiT socialuri da

ekonomikuri kvlevis britanuli sab-

Wos vebgverdze ganTavsebul bazaSi 27

nawarmoebia. monawileobis miReba yvelas

SeuZlia. Tu proeqtis avtorebi

miRebul nawarmoebTa xarisxs dadebi-

Tad Seafaseben, is proeqtis oficialur

vebgverdze ganTavsdeba.

mkvlevarTa gancxadebiT, am proeqtis

Seqmnis idea nakarnaxevia amerikeli

mwerlis, maikl suenuiqis nawarmoebiT.

is `samecniero fantastikis perioduli

cxrilis~ avtorad mogvevlina.

TxzulebaSi warmodgenilia mendeleevis

Cveulebrivi cxrili, romlis

TiToeul elements patara fantastikis

Janris moTxroba eZRvneba.

vudhauzis

uCveulo sketCebi

2009 wlis 25 ivliss londonis wignis

maRaziaSi _ `qalders~ _ pelama

grenuil vudhauzis (avtori wignebis

ciklisa `jivsi da vusteri~) axlaxan

napovni adreuli Txzulebebis mxatvruli

kiTxva gaimarTa. gazeTi `gardiani~

ityobineba, rom es nawarmoebebi

_ satiruli xasiaTis sketCebi _ politikuri

xasiaTis patara piesebia.

gasakviri ki isaa, rom amgvari xelwera

apolitikuri vudhauzisTvis marTlac

uCveuloa.

oTxive teqsti, romelic 1904-1907

wlebiT TariRdeba, literaturaTmcodne

pol sfairingma aRmoaCina. sket-

Cebi vudhauzs Tavis megobar barTram

fleTcer robinsonTan erTad dauweria

da gazeT `deili eqspressa~ da

yovelkvireul `venaiTi fearSi~ daube-

Wdavs. sabolood, es sketCebi yvelasgan

miviwyebuli aRmoCnda.

patara piesebSi avtori, romelic im

xanad 20 welze cota meti xnisa iyo,

saukunis dasawyisis politikuri debatebis

parodias warmogvidgens. is

ostaturad aqilikebs importul

saqonelze dawesebuli tarifebis reformasa

da gadasaxadebis reformas.

sxvaTa Soris, gadasaxadebze diskusiam

1906 wels konservatorTa marcxi gamoiwvia,

xolo liberalebma arCevnebSi

damajereblad gaimarjves. Tavad

vudhauzi, kolonialuri Cinovnikis

vaJi, proteqciuli tarifis reformis

mxardamWeri da, ra Tqma unda, cnobili

politikosis, jozef Cemberlenis

partiis qomagi iyo.

umsxvilesi

internetbiblioTeka

msoflioSi erT-erTma umsxvilesma

wignebis savaWro qselma _ `barns

end nobl~ _ eleqtronuli wignebis

gayidvis sakuTari onlain maRazia Ses-

Tavaza mkiTxvels. smartfonebis, portatuli

Tu stacionaruli kompiuterebis

momxmareblebisTvis axla ukve

700 aTasze meti dasaxelebis eleqtronuli

wignia xelmisawvdomi.

amJamad kompaniis vebgverdidan

ufasod naxevarmilionze meti wignis

CamotvirTvaa SesaZlebeli. yvelaferi

es ki `barns end noblsa~ da internetis

saZiebo sistema `gugls~

Soris gaformebuli SeTanxmebis wyalobiT

moxda. vebgverdze ganTavsebulia

wignebis eleqtronuli versiebi,

romelTa saavtoro uflebebi

iTvaliswinebs sazogadoebriv moxmarebas

da romlebic universitetebis

biblioTekebSia daskanerebuli.

`barns end nobli~ milionobiT ukve

dabeWdili wignis mflobelia, TiTqmis

milioni dasaxelebis wigni vebgverdis

saSualebiT SegiZliaT Seukve-

ToT, xolo amieridan ufasod

eleqtronuli wignebis CamotvirTvis

SesaZleblobac geZlevaT.

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

gamodis saqarTvelos kulturis, ZeglTa dacvisa

da sportis saministros finansuri mxardaWeriT

literaturuli literaturuli gazeTi

gazeTi

`hari poteris~ parki _

male!!!

rogorc `telegrafi~ ityobineba,

gazafxulze floridis StatSi `hari

poteris~ parki gaixsneba, romelic 80

aTas kvadratul metrs moicavs. yvela

atraqcioni da nagebobebi filmisa da

joan roulingis wignis mixedviT aiwyoba.

proeqtis ganxorcieleba 200 milionze

meti dajdeba. winaswari varaudiT

`hari poteris~ parki 2009 wels

unda gaxsniliyo, Tumca msoflio finansurma

krizisma yvelafer amas xeli

SeuSala.

masStabur parkSi aigeba hogvardis

cixe-simagre, gaSendeba akrZaluli tye

da dainiSneba hogvardis eqspresi. hogvardsSi

ganTavsdeba atraqcioni `jadoqrebis

samyaro~, romelic amerikuli

mTebis formiT Sesruldeba. parkSi

aseve ganTavsdeba sofeli hogsmidi

restornebiTa da maRaziebiT, sadac

warmodgenili iqneba jadoqarTa skolis

simboloiani da hari poteris

nivTebi. parkis damTvaliereblebs Sesa-

Zlebloba miecemaT, naxon kompiuteruli

efeqtebis wyalobiT Seqmnili

filmis scenebi da personaJebi. `hari

poteris~ mixedviT gadaRebul filmSi

monawile msaxiobebma ukve Seqmnes specialurad

am parkisTvis ramdenime scena,

romelic damTvalierebela interaqtiuli

TamaSis nawili aRmoCndeba.

nabokovis

dausrulebeli romani

`fleiboiSi~

Jurnali `fleiboi~ iqneba pirveli,

vinc vladimer nabokovis dausrulebeli

romanidan _ `lauras originali~

(sxvaTa Soris, mweralma sikvdilis win

am romanis ganadgureba iTxova) _ nawyvets

gamoaqyveynebs. `fleibois~ es nomeri

2009 wlis 10 noembers, wignis bazarze

gamoCenamde erTi kviriT adre

gamova.

ucnobia, ra Tanxa daujda Jurnals

nabokovis literaturul agent endriu

uailTan dadebuli garigeba. Tumca,

`fleibois~ literaturuli redaqtoris,

emi greis loidis, romelmac

mwerlis bolo romanis fragmentis

dabeWdvis ufleba moipova, gancxadebiT,

nawyvetisTvis, romlis moculobac

5 aTas sityvas ar aRemateba, safasuri

jer ar gadauxdiaT.

loidis sityvebis Tanaxmad, garigebis

iniciatori `fleibois~ gamomcemeli

da vladimer nabokovis Semoqmedebis

didi motrfiale hiu hefneri yofila.

`fleiboi~ msoflioSi erT-erTi

cnobili brendia. Jurnali 1953 wlidan

sxvadasxva enaze gamodis. 1964 wels

vladimer nabokovma swored am Jurnalis

korespondents misca gulaxdili

interviu, xolo 1969 wels `fleiboim!

gamoaqveyna nawyveti misi `jojoxeTidan~.

romani `lauras originali~ nabokovis

bolo da dausrulebeli romania.

sikvdilis win mweralma cols xelnaweris

ganadgureba sTxova. rogorc Tavad

nabokovi ambobda, mas mosvenebas ar

aZlevda imaze fiqric ki, rom mkiTxvels

ar SeeZlo enaxa is, rac man goneba-

Si daasrula, magram qaRaldze ver gadaitana~.

Tumca nabokovis qvrivi sxvagvarad

moiqca, man ar Seasrula meuRlis ukanaskneli

survili da sikvdilis win,

1991 wels daweril anderZSi mwerlis

dausrulebeli romanis bedi maT vaJs,

dimitri nabokovs miando. 2005 wels

Svilma daapira xelnaweris ganadgureba,

Tumca gadawyvetileba maleve Secvala

da ganadgurebis nacvlad mamis

romanidan fragmentis gamoqveyneba

ganizraxa.

dausrulebeli romani 50 Tabaxis

furclisgan Sedgeba. xelnawerebis

mTavari gmiri zedmeti wonisgan dakompleqsebuli

da amiT Sewuxebuli mecnieri

filip uaildia, romelic imis

garda, rom garegnuli ieriTac ver

daikvexnis, ojaxSic ubeduria. hyavs

coli, romelic mxolod da mxolod

imitom SeirTo, rom hgavda qals,

romelic mas erT dros TavdaviwyebiT

uyvarda. mTeli romanis manZilze filip

uaildi TviTmkvlelobis versiebs

amuSavebs.

redaqtori irakli javaxaZe

redaqtoris moadgile uCa SerazadiSvili

Jurnalistebi xaTuna alxaziSvili, Tamar Juruli

7-20 agvisto 2009

aRmoCena qairoSi

mSeneblebma, romlebic qairos

egviptis muzeumis baRSi muSaoben, aRmoaCines

samalavi 9 artefaqtiT. maT

ricxvSi aRmoCnda msxverplSewirvis

magida, ieroglifebiani qvebi, stelis

nawilebi da ramesidebisdroindeli

svetebis fragmentebi warweriTurT.

amgvari samalavebi muzeumis baRSi

orjer aRmoaCines. 1952 wlamde arqeologebi

mikvleul artefaqtebs

gaurkveveli warmomavlobis statusiT

inaxavdnen, akeTebdnen samecniero aRwerilobas

da TiToeuls aucileblad

afiqsirebdnen muzeumis samecniero

wignebSi. mesame samalavis arseboba

dRemde yvelasTvis ucnobi iyo.

baRSi mimdinare samuSaoebi dakav-

Sirebulia muzeumis gafarToebasTan,

romelic Senobis dasavleTis mxaris

Sesasvlelis rekonstruqcias isaxavs

miznad.

tel.: 292196; mob. tel.: (877)742277; (899)269852; e-mail: litgazeti@yahoo.com

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines