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lelakakulia.ge

Untitled

interviu Cawerilia 25 ianvars.

_ qalbatono lela, modiT, saubari

ruseTis mier xmelTaSua zRvaSi ganxorcielebuli

saswavlo samxedro manevrebis

TemiT daviwyoT. miuxedavad imisa,

rom es Zalze masStaburi swavlebebi

iyo, anu umsxvilesi postsabWoTa periodSi,

dasavleTma TiTqos verc ki Seam-

Cnia igi.yovel SemTxvevaSi, swored aseT

daskvnas akeTebs araerTi ucxoeli analitikosi.

realurad rogoraa saqme _

dasavleTma ver SeamCnia Tu ar SeimCnia

kremlis nabijebi?

_ ar SeimCnia da ai, ratom: ruseTi ukve

meramdened cdilobs, rom aCvenos msoflios

Tavisi siZliere, aqaoda, ai, ra SeiaraRebis,

ra Zalebis mflobeli varo. magram dasavleTma

kargad icis, rom ruseTi daSlis

pirzea, Zalian uWirs da normaluri samxedro

Zala ar aqvT. dasavleTma ignorireba gauke-

Ta am swavlebebs. es dumili iyo pasuxi,

rom Tqvens `Sida samzareuloSi~ rac xdeba,

yvelaferi viciTo da saWirod ar CaTvala

deboSis atexva. mokled, ruseTs surs sabWoeTis

droindeli reputaciis aRdgena, magram

ar gamosdis.

_ iyo versiac, rom es swavlebebi

siriis sakiTxs ukavSirdeboda...

_ ruseTi mTlad Riad ver emxroba

sirias. raRacas ki afiqsirebs viTom, magram

mainc Tavs ikavebs. kremli iaraRiT rom

amaragebs axlo aRmosavleTs, es jer kidev

1993-Si maqvs naTqvami. saerTod, ruseTi swored

im sakiTxebSi aqtiurobs, romlebic dasavleTisa

da amerikis winaaRmdegaa mimarTuli

da exmareba maT mowinaaRmdegeebs.

_ SeZlebs ruseTi siria Tavisi gavlenis

qveS moaqcios?

_ siriaze gavlenas ruseTi ver moipovebs.

siria ufro natosken gaixedeba da ara

ruseTisken.

_ Tqven araerTxel brZaneT, rom

ruseTsa da amerikas Soris `gadatvirTvis~

politika dasruldeboda, rom maT Soris

urTierTobebi `civ omamde~ mividoda.

pirvelad es termini 2007 wels axseneT.

da ai, xuTi wlis Semdeg msoflio

media xmamaRla alaparakda ruseTamerikas

Soris `civi omis~ ganaxlebis

safrTxeze. _

_ diax, dRes `civi omi~ marTlac Zalze

`gaaqtiurda~, magram garTuleba arc ruseTs

awyobs da arc amerikis SeerTebul Statebs.

_ mainteresebs, xom ar daeSveba

kvlav am or saxelmwifos Soris sabWo-

Ta kavSiris periodis `rkinis farda?~

_ kremls Zalian ki unda, `rkinis fardis~

daSveba, magram ar gamouva. saerTod,

bevrjer vTqvi da vimeoreb: ruseTis dRevandeli

mTavroba droebiTia. modis axali xalxi,

romlebic ruseTs am Cixidan gamoiyvanen.

_ qalbatono lela, irkveva, rom

rusi Cinovnikebi Zalze Sewuxebulni arian

qveynis imijiT msoflioSi da uaxloes

droSi seriozul muSaobas gegmaven am

mimarTulebiT, raTa dakarguli saxe

aRidginon. saamisod 2013-2015 wlebSi

mTavroba apirebs gaaaqtiuros muSaoba

ucxoeTSi arsebul rusul samecniero

da kulturul centrebTan. aris Tu

ara es nabijebi am mimarTulebiT warmatebis

momtani?

_ ar arsebobs, amgvari nabijebiT rusTi

reputacias ver aRidgens. qveyanaSi saSineli

korufcia boboqrobs, amas romeli kulturuli

RonisZiebebi uSvelis? saamisod saWiroa

Cinovnikebis daxsna, muSaobis stilis Secvla

da ase Semdeg. saerTod axali Zalaa saWiro,

axalgazrdoba, romelsac evropuli ganaTleba

aqvs miRebuli da ara dRevandeli Zala,

romelic sabWoTa kavSirSia CarCenili.

_ qalbatono lela, evropis oTxma

saxelmwifom, `gazpromis~ oTxma klientma

oficialurad moiTxova misgan kontraqtis

pirobebis gadaxedva bunebriv

airze fasebis Semcirebis mizniT. gasuli

wlis ianvarSi am korporaciamukve

dauklo fasi safrangeTis, germaniis,

da me getyviT Tqven...

mkiTxvels yovel nomerSi vTavazobT intervius

qarTvel winaswarmetyvelTan. igi isaubrebs

mocemuli momentisTvis yvelaze metad

aqtualur Temebze, Tumca qalbatoni lelas

pasuxebi yovelTvis efuZneba ramdenime wlis

win Caweril winaswarmetyvelebebs.

slovakeTis, italiisa da avstriis gazis

kompaniebs.

_ `gazpromi~ kvlavac iZulebuli Seiqneba,

rom bunebriv airze fasi dauklos evropas,

rac aSkaras gaxdis, rom rusuli `CrdiloeTisa~

da `samxreTis nakadebi~ Zalze

wamgebiani proeqtebia. anu am gazsadenebis

aSenebaze gaRebuli Tanxebi wyalSi gadayrili

fulia.

_ ise, qalbatono lela, realurad,

rogoria `gazpromis~ mier bunebrivi

airis mopovebis masStabebi ruseTSi?

saqme isaa, rom Tavad gazprommac ki

aRiara mopovebuli gazis moculobis

Semcireba.

_ aRiara, magram ar ifiqroT, rom

realuri cifrebi gamoaqveyna. realoba kidev

ufro mZimea, magram zust informacias ruseTi

arasdros aravis ar miscems.

_ saerTod, marTlac ulevad aqvT

ruseTSi gazis sabadoebi?

_ ara, geTayva, ruseTs ar aqvs gazis

ulevi maragi. es tyuilia.

_ qalbatono lela, aSS-ma fiqaluri

gazis sabadoebi gaxsna da aqtiurad

iwyebs mis damuSaveba-mopovebas. sainteresoa,

ramdenad didia misi maragi?

_ ai iq ki namdvilad aris Zalian didi

maragi. Tu gaxsovs, me warsulSi vTqvi,

amerika Tavisi maragidan miscems evropas gazsmeTqi.

hoda, a, batono, eg procesi iwyeba.

_ ese igi amerikuli fiqaluri gazi

rusul bunebriv airs msoflio bazarzec

Caanacvlebs?

_ aucileblad.

_ gamoiyenebs Tu ara amerika mas

iseTive politikur iaraRad, rogorc

amas ruseTi akeTebs?

_ gamoiyenebs, aucileblad gamoiyenebs,

magram amas ise `lamazad~, anu Wkvianurad

gaakeTebs, rom ar aalaparakebs aravis. amaSi

amerikelebi `asebi~ arian.

_ ramdenad Seesabameba simarTles

gavrcelebuli xmebi, rom fiqaluri gazi

bevrad mavnebelia garemosTvis?

_ am xmebs is kompaniebi avrceleben,

romlebsac `gazpromTan~ raRac interesebi

akavSirebT. fiqaluri gazi mavneblobiT arafriT

gansxvavdeba imisgan, romelsac dRemde

iyenebda msoflio. orive erTnairad feTqebadia

da orivesTan sifrTxilea saWiro.

_ qalbatono lela, msoflio presiT

vrceldeba mosazrebebi, rom baraq obamasa

da kongress Soris `Taflobis Tve mosalodneli

ar aris~. aSS kongresi ukve

akritikebs prezidents `mtredebis gundis~

msgavsi kabinetis Camoyalibebis

gamo. ramdenad mosalodnelia maT Soris

SeuTanxmeblobis gamZafreba da ra Sedegebs

moitans es?

_ ra Sedegs moitans da kongresi verasdros

Seurigdeba obamas politikas da rac

viwinaswarmetyvele, aucileblad asruldeba.

obama politikur TamaSebs waagebs!

_ minda mkiTxvels Sevaxseno ori

amonaridi Tqveni interviuebidan. #54:

`obamas ki ici rogor vuyureb? gaxsovs,

ianukoviC-iuSenkos Soris rom akeTebda

ukraineli xalxi arCevans warsulSi,

roca iuSenkom gaimarjva da me mainc

rom sul gaviZaxodi, ianukoviCia prezidenti-meTqi?

ai, swored ase vxedav,

anu me mas prezidentad ar aRviqvam~.

#69: `ici, ianukoviCi gamaxsenda. gaxsovs,

erTxelrogor gaunules prezidentoba,

magram mere mainc gaxda ukrainis

pirveli piri? paraleli revoluciasTan

ar gaavlo. esimitom vTqvi, rom vxedav,

amerikaSic igive meordeba~ obamas prezidentoba

aRar SeiZleba!!!~

am winaswarmetyvelebaTa mixedviT ra

gamodis? is, rom obama realurad ar

marTavs SeerTebul Statebs, Tu is,

rom misi sisustis gamo kosmosSi is

prezidentad ar aRiqmeba?

_ obama kosmosSi prezidentad aRar

aRiqmeba. konstitucia ki miexmara mas meored

mosvlaSi, magram politikis sworad

warmarTvaSi ver miexmareba. eqmneba didi

problemebi, didi winaRobebi, gansakuTrebiT

kongresTan daeZabeba urTierTobebi da yvelaferi

ise damTavrdeba, rogorc viwinaswarmetyvele.

_ qalbatono lela, vin iRebs politikur

gadawyvetilebebs qveyanaSi saSinao

Tu sagareo politikasTan dakav-

SirebiT? isev amerikel politikosTa

gundi, romelic Tqven warsulSic axseneT?

_ diax, is gundi kvlav muSaobs, imitom,

rom sxva gza arcerT partias ar aqvs _

arc `respublikelebs~ da arc `demokratebs~.

sxvaTa Soris, prezidentsa da am gunds

Soris sakmaod daZabuli urTierTobaa, popularul

enaze rom vTqva, xocaven erTmaneTs.

an rogor iqnebian mSvid urTierTobebSi,

roca gasuli 4 wlis manZilzec araferi

gaukeTebia obamas da verc axla, meore

vadisas gaakeTebs? Tavze emxoba amerikas

saqme. magaliTad Tundac israelis mimarT

daSvebuli uamravi politikuri Secdoma kmara.

es Secdomebi ki Zalian Zviri ujdeba

Tavad amerikas. gadaxedos mkiTxvelma am Temaze

arsebul winaswarmetyvelebebs da naxavs, rogor

maqvs aRwerili is problemebi, romlebic am

Secdomebis gamo wamoiWreba SeerTebuli

Statebis winaSe.

_ qalbatono lela, CrdiloeT koream

gasuli wlis dekemberSi, saerTa-

Soriso sanqciebis miuxedavad, Sori

moqmedebis balistikuri raketa gamoscada.

vrceldeba informacia, rom Crdilokoreelma

specialistebma sxvebisgan

damoukideblad, daxmarebis gareSe Se-

Zles misi awyoba. ramdenad Seesabameba

es realobas?

_ es sicruea. Crdilokoreelebs TviTon,

damoukideblad namdvilad ar gaurTmeviaT

Tavi balistikuri raketebis agebisTvis. arsebobs

gareSe damxmare Zala da es Zala (es

warsulSic maqvs naTqvami) ruseTia!

_ mokled, ruseTi aris yvelgan,

sadac amerika da dasavleTia, oRond,

yvelgan agebs brZolas.

_ diax, aseTia bediswera.

_ barem aqve CagekiTxebiT, qalbatono

lela. daRestneli parlamentarebi

ruseTis Tavdacvis saministros

oficialuri weriliT mimaraven, 3-5

aTasamde gazardos maTi respublikidan

wvevamdelTa raodenoba?

_ auxdaT winaswarmetyveleba da aRar

mihyavT Crdilokavkasielebi rusul armiaSi?

_ aRar mihyavT. SarSan, magaliTad,

sul 179 wvevamdeli gaiwvies jarSi

daRestnidan~.

_ da axla gainteresebs, ratom iTxoven

wvevamdelTa raodenobis gazrdas, ara?

_ rogorc yovelTvis, arc axla

cdebiT.

_ daRestnelebs sakuTari axalgazrdebis

samxedro gamowvrTna sWirdebaT da rusul

jarze ukeTesad, Tanac, legalurad, amas

sad moaxerxeben? iq Zalianac kargad iswavlian

sxvadasxva iaraRis gamoyenebas, srolas,

brZolas da mere, es ukve gawvrTnili jariskacebi

gadasarevad Seubrundebian saomrad

rusebs. mokled, rusebs daRestnelebi swored

imitom ar mihyavT jarSi, ris gamoc daRestnelebs

surT wasvla.

_ saqarTvelo-ruseTis dRevandel urTierTobaze

ras ityviT? xom ar aris

erTgvari morigebis niSnebi imaSi, rac

dRes xdeba?

_ ruseTTan morigeba ar niSnavs mainc

da mainc imas, rom mas unda davemonoT.

saWiroa maTTan molaparakebebi Cveni teritoriebis

dabrunebis mizniT. sxvaTa Soris,

am mizans emsaxureboda Cveni mxcovani patriarqis

Sexvedrac prezident putinTan. gaxsovs,

rodis vTqvi, patriarqi moskovSi wava

da ityvian, rom amas saqarTvelos gadasar-

Cenad akeTebs-meTqi? hoda, asecaa.

_ qalbatono lela, alasanias vicepremierobidan

gadayenebaze ras ityviT?

_ da ra unda vTqva? es rom ase

moxdeboda, karga xania vicodi. warsulSi

isic vTqvi masze, rom `giorgi brwyinvale~

ar aris da saqarTvelos prezidentoba ar

aweria. ra vqna, es Cemi gadasawyveti ar

aris, es winaswarmetyvelebaa da me ar vTxzav

mas. da saerTod es dasawyisia... oRond,

rasac vxedav, imas CemTvis davitoveb.

P.S. mkiTxvels kidev erTxel `SevCivleb~

imis Taobaze, rom qalbatoni lelasTvis

kiTxvis dasma ioli ar aris. saqme isaa,

rom Zalze Znelia gamonaxo Tema, romelzec

mas nawinaswarmetyvelebi ar aqvs da Tanac,

mravalgzis. xolo rodesac gviCndeba SekiTxvebi

konkretul pirebTan dakavSirebiT,

igi uars gveubneba maT moxseniebaze Tavis

CanawerebSi.

mTavari redaqtori: irma gelaSvili

gazeTi registrirebulia vake-saburTalos raionul sagadasaxado inspeqciaSi.

gazeTSi da vebgverdze gamoyenebuli masalebis da fotoebis gadabeWdva-gamoqveyneba

redaqciis Tanxmobis gareSe akrZalulia. saavtoro uflebebi daculia.

www.lelakakulia.ge / el-fosta: lelakakuliapost@yahoo.com

2


kosmosSi kosmosSi kosmosSi dro dro dro ar ar ar arsebobs!

arsebobs!

arsebobs!

`winaswarmetyvelebam ar icis Svili da qmari, axlobeli da

megobari. Cven vambobT imas, rasac vxedavT da gveubnebian...

miiReT ise, rogorc vwinaswarmetyveleb!~

2012 weli, 10 ianvari.

qarTul politikaSi yvelaferi ise vi-

Tardeba, rogorc ramdenime wlis win viwinaswarmetyvele.

dRevandeli mTavroba aris gardamavali

rgoli. bevri ram icvleba.

axal saxeebad movlenili Zveli politikosebi

xalxis gulebs mainc ver moigeben!

xalxi ver iviwyebs warsuls. imdenad Rrmad

aris maT mexsierebaSi Camjdari mavanTa mier

gadadgmuli araswori politikuri nabijebi,

rom iviwyeben ki ara, piriqiT, ar patioben!

es vici 100 procentiT. amitom maTi roli

politikaSi nulis tolia.

rac gakeTdeba da ra miRwevebic ar unda

hqondeT, xalxi mainc premiers miawers yvelafers:

`es premieris damsaxurebaa~, `es

premierma gaakeTa~ da a.S. koaliciis wevrebi

xvdebian (Tumca, sanam movidodnen mTavroba-

Si, maSinac kargad icodnen, rom Sansi aRar

eqnebodaT; icodnen da ar gauSves momenti

xelidan, movidnen mTavrobaSi, romelsac xalxi

ar miiRebs), rom xalxi mxolod erTaderT

adamians xedavs _ premier-ministrs, misi

sjera mxolod.

momavalSi umravlesoba mainc daiSleba!

yvela Tavis TamaSs iwyebs, magram rac ar

unda moimoqmedon, TavSive wagebuli aqvT.

arc axali partiebis Seqmna uSveliT da arc

sxva araferi. ase rom, politikaSi maTi

adgili ar iqneba, vxedav!

dadgeba dro, roca premieri maT

veRar uSvelis, piriqiT, moiSorebs

im xalxs, romlebsac TiTqos dRes

eyrdnoba da endoba. ar daijeroT!

vimeoreb, igi maT Zalian male

moisvris politikur sanagveze. premieri

xmamaRla ganacxadebs, rom

maT ar ician saqme, ar ician,

sagareo politika rogor marTon,

bevri ram gaafuWes da a.S. da a.S.

gansakuTrebuli uaryofa sakuTari

mrCevlebis mimarT uCndeba premiers.

maTi analizebi da politikuri

sibece mTlad gaagiJebs da

vxedav, iwyebs brZolas. igi axal

Zalebs eZebs studentebSi. diax,

eZebs axlagazrdebs, romelTa mowodebac

aris samSoblos siyvaruli,

qveynis gadarCena da ara `mariaJoba~

da keklucoba, piradi interesebis

dakmayofileba, warsulidan

gamoyolili boRmis dakmayofileba,

rac politikoss namdvilad

ar moutans sikeTes!

iqneba didi cvlilebebi da es cvlilebebi

qveyanas gaaocebs. modian axalgazrdebi,

axalgazrda mecnierebi. Zveli politikosebi

ki politikuri arenidan qrebian. aRarsad

iqnebian Zveli saxeebi. sul sxva politikuri

qari dauberavs saqarTveloSi. es is politikaa,

romelic saqarTvelos gadaarCens da

masTan brZola, pirvel rigSi, ruseTs gauWirdeba

da aseve sxva qveynebsac. es sul sxva

saqarTveloa. es is qveyanaa, romelic wamyvani

saxelmwifoebis brZanebebs ar asrulebs!

vxedav, saqarTvelo male ferebs

Seicvlis!

ruseTi rTul mdgomareobaSia. bevri ram

icvleba rusul did politikaSi, saqarTveloSi

arsebul politikur viTarebas ki jer veraferi

gauges. TiTqos bevri ram icvleba

saqarTvelosTan damokidebulebSi, garda erTi

sakiTxisa _ ruseTi okupantia da unda

Seasrulos Tavisi valdebulebebi eqvspunq-

tiani xelSekrulebis mixedviT _ daabrunos

okupirebuli teritoriebi! es sakiTxi maSin

daixureba, roca dagvibruneben qarTul teritoriebs

da es asi procentiT asec iqneba

momavalSi!

gadis dro da yvelaferi sruldeba! dgeba

Jami, rodesac politika xalxis, Cemi

qarTvelebis sasargeblod imuSavebs! sofeli

Zlieria _ ese igi, saxelmwifoc Zlieria!!!

* * *

afxazeTi da samaCablo saqarTveloa!

somxeTidan ruseTisken mimavali

rkinigza im dros gaixsneba, roca

ruseTi datovebs afxazeTsa da

samaCablos. es Tema dRes didi

Tavistkivilia.

sainteresoa, vin unda iaros dRes am

rkinigziT _ marto somxebma Tu afsuebma

Tbilissa da somxeTSi? bevri sxva sasikeTo

nabijebic SeiZleba gadaidgas, magram es

yvelaferi mainc absurdia, vinaidan manam,

sanam ruseTis nebaa gvamyofos aseT mdgomareobaSi,

araferic ar gamova.

ruseTs Tavisi gegma aqvs Sedgenili _

ra Tqma unda, mzakvruli _ saqarTvelos

mimarT. ise, zogi Wiri marTlac margebelia.

bevr afxazs arc rusebis xilva surs da

sxvaTa Soris, arc adgilobriv somxebs endoba

(imaze mets vxedav, vidre vwer. ar

msurs yvelafris Tqma). Tavad afxazeTSi

mcxovreb afsuebs ar undaT, ar surT es

rkinigza.

saqarTvelos premieris gancxadeba

rkinigzasTan dakavSirebiT diplomatiuri

gancxadeba iyo, meti

araferi, imitom, rom es gza mxolod

somxebs sWirdebaT.

ai momavalSi ki, rodesac ruseTTan normaluri

urTierToba damyardeba, es rkinigza

qarTvelebsac gamoadgebaT.

da saerTod, nebismier SemTxvevaSi, rkinigzis

amoqmedebiT saqarTvelos araferi daakldeba.

romeli saxelmwifos mxridanac ar unda

modiodes mzakvruli Canafiqrebi, asruleba

ar aweria. am saukuneSi, am civilur droSi

dagegmili mzakvrobebi tolfasia saukuneebis

win momxdari Semosevebisa monRolTa, Turq-

Ta, yivCaRTa da Tu sxvaTa mxridan. maSindeli

uxeSi fizikuri Zala dRevandel politikur

zraxvebs edreba. sxvaTa Soris, dRes

ufro uWirs saqarTvelos, vidre warsulSi,

magram rogorc maSin gadarCa Cveni samSoblo,

ise gadarCeba dResac da momavalSic.

hoda, minda Sadimanebs imedebi gavucruo:

Cemo qarTvelebo, nu SeSindebiT!

kosmosi ar dauSvebs qarTuli genis

ngrevasa da gadaSenebas! isevvimeoreb:

winaswarmetyvelebebi

yovelTvis sruldeba!

rac Seexeba saqarTvelos droSis Secvlas,

droSa ki ara, politikosebi unda

Seicvalon. unda movidnen `mecnierebi~, imitom,

rom saqarTvelos bedi parlamentze,

mTavrobaze, anu politikosebzea damokidebuli

da maT didi pasuxismgebloba ekisrebaT

qarTveli xalxis winaSe. da frTxilad! xalxi

imdenad gamwarebuli da gawamebulia, rom

aravis arafers ar apatiebs.

2013 weli, 18 ianvari,

saRamos 8 saaTi da 10 wuTi.

baqo-Tbilisi-yarsis proeqti saqarTvelos

ekonomikisTvis saSiSroebas ar warmoadgens.

lela kakulia

minda aRvniSno, rom zRva Tavis funqcias

arasdros dakargavs. imuSavebs sazRvao portebic

da sxva magistralebic, imitom, rom arsebobs

iseTi tvirTi, romelic zRviT unda gaataro,

da aris iseTic, rac xmeleTiT unda gadazido.

orive saxis gadazidvebis arseboba Zalian

didi fufunebaa rogorc azerbaijanisTvis,

ise TurqeTisTvis, ruseTisTvis da a. S. ai

es aris swored `abreSumis gzis~ funqciis

mniSvneloba. es satransporto derefani

saqarTvelosTvis Zalian momgebiania ekonomikurad

da igi aucileblad ganxorcieldeba. marTalia,

ruseTis imedi ar unda hqondes kacs,

imitom, rom is yovelTvis xels gviSlis

yvelaferSi, magram am proeqtis ganxorcielebaSi

igi xels ver SegviSlis.

rac Seexeba qarTul mineralur wylebs,

yvelaferi saqarTvelos sakuTrebaSia da kvlavac

aseTad darCeba. xmebi `borjomis~ gayidvasTan

dakavSirebiT fuWia. saqarTvelos

yvela simdidre missave mflobelobaSi iqneba.

veravin verafers versad waiRebs. warsulSi

me ukve viwinaswarmetyvele da gagaxsenebT,

rom Tu romelime ucxoelma rame iyida

saqarTveloSi, imas momavalSi an Tavad saxelmwifo,

an qarTveli biznesmenebi gamoisyidian

da isev Cvens sakuTrebaSi dabrundeba.

minda aRvniSno, rom is, rac dRes

xdeba kaxeTSi indoel fermerebTan

dakavSirebiT, droebiTia, imitom,

rom am miwebis garda kaxeTs

araferi aqvs.

Cven ruseTisxela teritoriebs ar vflobT,

rom miwebis gasxviseba ar dagvemCnes. indoeli

fermerebis saqarTveloSi myarad fexis

mokidebas me ar vxedav zustad imitom, rom

kaxelebi ar daTmoben TavianT miwebs. es

miwebi qarTvelma glexma unda iyidos da

axalma mTavrobam yvelaferi unda gaakeTos

maTi xelSewyobisTvis. Torem xom xedavT,

kaxelebi meore `baxtrioniT~ imuqrebian?! da

izamen kidec, Tanac imaze mets, vidre warmogidgeniaT.

amitom, frTxilad!!!

rac Seexeba bagratis taZarTan

dakavSirebul skandals, iunesko

Tavis poziciebs ar daTmobs!

Tu am sakiTxSi daixia ukan, gamodis, rom

sxva drosac unda dauSvas precedenti. es

organizacia ki amis gakeTebas ar apirebs.

aba, naxeT, romis an saberZneTis istoriuli

Zeglebi rogor aris Senaxuli. arafers ar

aqvs iq saxe Secvlili. siZvele aris siZvele

da is aseTad unda Semoinaxos msofliom.

aravis mosvlia azrad, magaliTad,

kolizeumis aRdgenis, restavraciis

mizniT misTvis pirvandeli saxe

Seecvala. asea mTel danarCen msoflioSic.

minda aRvniSno, rom qarTuli sasamarTlos

reforma aucilebelia. es asec moxdeba da

bolos da bolos, miviRebT sasamarTlos,

romelic politikosebs ki ar moemsaxureba,

aramed xalxs. es rTuli saqme araa _ mxolod

neba da Sesruleba sWirdeba. amas xels

veravin SeuSlis, rogorc ar unda ecados.

kidev vimeoreb, momwons Sinagan saqmeTa,

iusticiisa da ganaTlebis ministrebi. isini

Tavs gaarTmeven TavianT saqmes. mTavrobaSi

ki iqneba didi cvlilebebi da es cvlilebebi

emsaxureba qarTvel xalxs da mTel

saqarTvelos!

gimeorebT: Cvens qveyanas veravi-

Tari miwieri Savi Zala ver moereva!

Cven gvicavs kosmosidan wamosuli

energia!

3


axlo aRmosavleTSi situacia ar dawynardeba.

israelSi xalxi mxars uWers im

partias, romelic icavs israelis interesebs.

Razis seqtorsa da sxva mraval sakiTxze

wlebis win uamravi ram maqvs nawinaswarmetyvelebi

da dRes yvelaferi sruldeba.

* * *

amerikuli politika Zalian sustia. vxedav,

rom rusebi ufro did Setevas ganaxocieleben

politikuri gancxadebebiT. razec

adre Tavs ikavebdnen, dRes yvelafers gamoamzeureben.

amerikam aucileblad unda Secvalos

politikuri kursi, vinaidan udidesi

siZneleebis winaSe dgeba. amerikelebi tradiciebs

icaven _ vgulisxmob TeTr saxlSi arsebul

tradiciebs, konstitucias, magali-

Tad, prezidentis arCevis kanons, magram rac

am Temaze viwinaswarmetyvele, yvelaferi asruldeba.

rac Seexeba amerikis prezidents,

mis magivrad saqmeebs ufro nayofierad

akeTebda hilari klintoni.

anu, realurad, xSir SemTxveva-

Si, is asruldebda prezidentis

funqcias. igive mouwevs axal saxelmwifo

mdivansac.

* * *

aRsaniSnavia, rom safrangeTi ar daTmobs

poziciebs maliSi. is bolomde ibrZolebs

iq da mas evropuli saxelmwifoebic daexmarebian.

isini arcerT SemTxvevaSi ar miscemen

islamistur dajgufebebs moZlierebis

saSualebas. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi evropa

uZlurebas gamoavlens. maliSi situacia damSviddeba.

mTavari isaa, rom adgilobrivi

mosaxleoba safrangeTis mxaresaa da maTi

survilicaa teroristuli dajgufebebis

Tavidan moSoreba. brZola didxans ar gagr-

Zeldeba. muslimebis, islamistebis gamarjveba

iq gamoricxulia. saerTod, es dajgufebebi

ukontrolod moqmedeben, Torem safrangeTs

rom ver moerevian, es xom unda

scodnodaT?

2103 weli, 22 ianvari,

18 saaTi da 45 wuTi.

saqarTveloSi Zalian swrafi politikuri

cvlilebebi wava.

momavalSi kanonSi Seva cvlileba,

romlis mixedviTac, arc prezidents,

arc premiers, arc parlaments

arasdros eqnebaT ufleba, Seucvalon

Tbiliss dedaqalaqis statusi.

saqarTvelo imdenad pataraa, rom dedaqalaqis

funqciebis gadanawileba sxvadasxva qalaqeb-

Si uazrobaa. amitom am kanonis ZaliT, aravis

arasdros aRar eqneba ufleba, sxvagan gadaitanos

dedaqalaqi. es iqneba is, rac xels

SeuSlis Sadimanebs qveynis danawevrebaSi.

saerTod, ras gadaekidnen quTaiss?! quTaisSi

ibadeboda araerTi fenomeni, romlebic mere

sruliad saqarTvelos edebodnen da emsaxurebodnen.

quTaisi da mTeli saqarTvelo

aris ulamazesi mxare kavkasiaSi da ara

mxolod kavkasiaSi. momavalSi quTaisi iqneba

erT-erTi Zlieri da mZlavri qalaqi aseve

ekonomikuradac.

me miyvars Cemi quTaTurebi, maTi

sxarti goneba, maTi iumori; miyvars

ulamazesi gelaTi, mowameTa, bagratis

taZari. marTalia, ar aris swori,

rom am siZveles saxe ase Seucvales,

magram kosmiuri energia, romelic

aqamdec iyo iq davanebuli, arsad

wasula da arc wava.

erTi minda aRvniSno: ar ufiqriaT zogierTebs,

rom sadac parlamenti aaSena, iq

sastumrosac aaSenebs mTavroba deputatebisa

da parlamentis TanamSromelibisTvis da mere

vinRa iqiravebs binebs kerZo mflobelebisgan?

ra ganviTarebas xedaven parlamentis

quTaisSi arsebobiT, visac surs, rom parlamenti

iq darCes? (axla gamaxsenda, erTma

fotografma rom SiSveli qali dasva cnobil

TeTr qvebze fotoebis gadasaRebad da

mere quTaTurebma rom erTi magrad gaJeJes.

amgvar `Tavisufal~, evropul cxovrebas quTaisi

arasdros miiRebs).

TiTqos saqarTvelos Zalian rTuli

periodi udgas, magram gasavleli

saqarTvelom ukve gaiara da

axlos aris is dro, roca Cveni

qveyana Camoyalibebuli, Zlieri saxelmwifoa

da aravisi saburTao ar

aris, arc amerikis, arc ruseTisa

da arc evropis.

kavkasiaSi mniSvnelovani sakiTxebi zustadac

saqarTvelos gavliT gadawydeba. saqarTvelo

aris garanti kavkasiaSi Tavisuflebisa

da demokratiisa. somxeTs haeriviT sWirdeba

saqarTvelo, aseve azerbaijans da mTel kavkasias.

saqarTvelo ruseTs ar dauTmobs. maT

mimarT ritorikis Serbileba niSnavs, rom

adre Tu pirdapir vaginebdiT dedas, axla

`kulturulad~ vlanZRavT. asea, batono, politika

moiTxovs TamaSs. politikosma es Tama-

Si unda icodes, raTa sakuTari qveyana

gamoiyvanos rTuli mdgomareobidan da gadaarCinos.

magram dRes rom vakvirdebi, Tundac

politologebs, maT nawils sxva azri

hqonda warsulSi, axla ki sxvas laparakobs,

politikuri movlenebi sxvagvarad Seabruna,

sxvagvarad afasebs da es xalxs ar esmis.

Tumca, es ra mosatania, roca dRes politikuri

speqtri isea areuli, rom vin sad

aris da ra unda, RmerTma uwyis?!

me ki vici, rom saqarTvelo mainc Seva

natoSi, qveynis mowyoba iqneba iseTi, rogoric

israelSia (mTavroba, parlamenti) da dRes

megobris gaxseneba

`Cemo sayvarlebo, Cemo kargebo, Tqven

gaixareT, idRegrZeleT da gamravldiT, rom

aseT did saqmes emsaxurebiT da Cemi lelas

sityvebi xalxamde mogaqvT! Tqven SemogevloT

zauri babua!..~

erTi welia, es sityvebi da xma, romelic

maT warmoTqvamda, aRar ismis redaqciisa Tu

misi TanamSromlebis pirad telefonebSi; erTi

welia, rac mquxare, mousvenari da daudegari

kaci _ Cveni zauri babua _ aRar gvexmianeba

da Cveulebisamebr ar boboqrobs; erTi

welia, rac gamudmebiT vixsenebT da Tvalze

cremli gvadgeba _ gulwrfeli cremli,

imitom, rom yvelas gviyvarda, vafasebdiT da

udides pativs vcemdiT.

ase icoda, ucbad mogvayrida xolme saTqmels,

erTi amosunTqviT kidec mogvefereboda, kidec

gagvamxnevebda da kidec miseburad `SeaCvenebda~

xolme mavanT, romlebsac gonebis Tvali

da yuri daxSuli hqondaT da winaswarmetyvelis

sityvebs arad dagidevdnen. es `diplomiani

mwyemsi~, rogorc Tavad uwodebda sakuTar

Tavs, ise dalagebiT Camogvirakrakebda xolme

wlebis win nawinaswarmetyvelebi

movlenebis asrulebis faqtebs,

pirdapir SegSurdeboda misi informirebuloba

da erudicia.

uSiSari iyo Cveni zauri

babua. aranair safrTxes ar

erideboda. uSiSaric iyo da

samarTlianic. Tu rames arasworad

miiCnevda, arc sxvisas

indobda da arc Tavisas. xmama-

Rla (da Tanac, rogor xmamaRla,

lamis pirdapir kabinetSi

uvardeboda mavans sakuTari

azris `gasaziareblad~) icoda

gulsmowolili sadardeblis

amoTqma. arc mZafr sityvebs

erideboda _ ra vqna, aseTi

uxeSi kaci varo, ityoda xolme.

magram uxeSi mxolod imaT

mimarT iyo, vinc amas marTlac

imsaxurebda, danarCenebTan saocrad Tbili,

mosiyvarule da alersiani gaxldaT. amadac

bevrs afrTxobda misi danaxva da gaurboda,

bevri ki siamovnebiT urTierTobda masTan.

isec xdeboda, rom gazeTze muSaobis procesSi

gvirekavda da raki gaigebda, saqmes

vakeTebdiT, ucbad mogviWrida, kargiT, babu,

kargiT, xels ar SegiSliT, imuSaveT da

droze gagvixareT gulebio.

hoda, erTi welia, rac aRarc `xels

gviSlis~, aRarc Cven gvefereba da aRarc

visme aforiaqebs pirdapiri, SeuferadebelgauSalaSinebeli

gamonaTqvamebiT. erTi welia,

imier samyaroSi gadasaxlda zaur

wilosani _ qalbatoni lelas uangaro da

erTguli megobari, qveynis gulSematkivari

kaci, romelmac, miuxedavad imisa, rom urwmuno

varo, Tavad ambobda, winaswarmetyvelis

TqmiT, sasufevelSi daimkvidra adgili.

batono zaur, Cveno zauri babua, gviyvarxar

da gvenatrebi.

uRrmesi pativiscemiT,

redaqcia.

jon forbs keri (daibada 1943

wlis 11 dekembers, koloradoSi)

_ amerikeli politikosi, demokratiuli

partiis wevri. 2012 wlis 21

dekembers prezidentma obamam oficialurad

waradgina aSS saxelmwifo

mdivnis Tanamdebobaze.

jon keri forbsebis cnobili

ojaxis warmomadgenelia. man privilegirebuli

ganaTleba miiRo jer

Sveicariis prestiJul kerZo skolaSi,

Semdeg ki ielis universitetSi.

1966-1970 wlebSi monawileobda

vietnamis omSi.mesamed

daWris Semdeg armiidan demobilizda

da omis winaaRmdeg

moZraobas SeuerTda.

2004 welsaSS prezidentobis kandidati

gaxldaT, magram arCevneb-

Si jorj buS umcrosTan damarcxda.

2013 wlis 21 ianvridan jon forbs

keri aSS saxelmwifo mdivnis movaleobis

Sesrulebas Seudga.

ukve yvelaferi amisken midis.

Cveni bedi rom dRevandeli politikuri

TamaSebis Sedegad wydebodes, Cveni bundRa

aRar iqneboda. magram, miuxedavad imisa, rom

politikosebi umniSvnelovanes Secdomebs uSveben,

saqarTvelos araferi daakldeba, yvelaferi

asruldeba sityva-sityviT.

qarTveli eri Tvalyurs gadevnebT

da nu daiviwyebT, batonebo, rom

xalxi brZenia. isini arafers aRar

gapatieben. politikurma movlenebma

xom saerTod gamoawrTo xalxi

da isini bevr politikoss sjobnian.

ise, marTali Tu gindaT, evropa daRlilia

rusul-qarTuli urTierTobebiT da is

Serbilebuli politika, romelsac dRes atarebs

saqarTvelo, moswonT kidec. Tumca, Cvens

mTavrobas sifrTxile marTebs, vinaidan bevri

uaryofiTad afasebs rusuli droSis qveS

dgomas. ruseTi ar gviyurebs, rogorc Tanaswor

saxelmwifos, afxazeTisa da samaCablos

TemiT apelirebs da zustad vxedav,

rom amiT cdilobs daaCoqos, anu uari aTqmevinos

Cvens qveyanas natosa da evrokavSirze.

rac Seexeba saqarTvelos mier palestinis

damkvirvebel saxelmwifomde statusis amaRlebisTvis

mxardaWeras, es ar iyo swori

politikuri gadawyvetileba. unda daecvaT `oqros

Sualedi~. Cven jer ar varT is saxelmwifo,

rom israels Tvali daexuWa am gadawyvetilebaze,

rasac sxva saxelmwifoebis mimarT akeTebs.

is, rac mere atexa israelma Cveni qveynis

mimarT, namdvilad ar iyo sasiamovno. amas

araferi garTuleba ar mohyveba, marTalia,

magram boRma israels mainc darCeba. roca

saxelmwifoSi ori Zala erTmaneTs ebrZvis,

midis brZola wesebis gareSe (Tumca, amasac

gadaitans saqarTvelo) da israelmac realobas

Tvali unda gausworos, unda gaiazros,

ratomac gadadga saqarTvelom es nabiji.

aqve minda vTqva, rom ergneTis bazrobis

Tema qoTanze yuris mibmis Temas hgavs, saidanac

ginda, iqidan rom miamagreb. marTali ki

isaa, rom rogorc ki qarTveli da osi

erTmaneTs xels CamoarTmeven, maT Soris urTierToba

maSinve daTbeba. mTelma msofliom

icis, rom es ruseTi ketavs urTierTobas

afxazebTan da osebTan da SuRls aRvivebs

maTsa da Cvens Soris. ruseTi am TamaSebs

arasdros moeSveba Cvens qveyanaSi da Cveni

mTavroba frTxilad iyos, rom xalxis, qarTveli

xalxis risxva ar gamoiwvion!

(GAGgagrZeleba iqneba)

4


arqivi

`lela kakulia -

qalbatoni momavlidan~

dodo beselia

Cveni yoveldRiuroba gajerebulia aTasgvari

informaciiT, romelsac uzarmazari doziT

viRebT presiTa Tu televiziiT. igi moicavs

Worsa da marTals. dabneul sazogadoebas

uWEirs Wrel, daxlarTul labirinTSi gzis

gakvleva. damZimebuli politikuri Tu socialuri

mdgomareobis fonze dro da dro

iwyeba bumi ama Tu im winaswarmetyvelebasTan

dakavSirebiT, romelic radikalurad

Secvlis politikur situacias qveyanaSi. ra

Tqma unda, xSir SemTxvevaSi es siyalbea da

aJiotaJi didxans ar grZeldeba, Tumca, sabednierod,

TbilisSi cxovrobs qalbatoni

lela kakulia, romlis Sesaxeb bevri ram

msmenia. misi winaswarmetyvelebebi qarTul

politikaSi sistematurad, TanmimdevrobiT

marTldeba.

da ai, momeca saSualeba, qalbaton lelas

Tavad gavcnobodi. unda giTxarT, warmosaxviT

igi mkacri gamometyvelebis, miukarebel

adamianad myavda warmodgenili,

magram qalbatoni lela CemTvis sasiamovno

moulodneloba aRmoCnda _ qeraTmiani, Ria

feris, lamazi RimiliT, Tvalebi ki saocari

hqonda. me isini or did, lurj

RiRilos Sevadare. misi qaluri mimzidvelobis

mTavari Strixi swored Tvalebi

iyo. uzarmazari, cisferi Tvalebi qalur

sinazes, siTbos, momxiblaobas asxivebdnen,

maTi siRrmidan ki is idumali imzireboda,

romelic CvenTvis, ubralo mokvdavTaTvis

namdvilad amoucnobi iyo. maTi sikaSkaSe

Tvals mWrida da mipyrobda. diax, es sxva

mzera iyo, mzera qalisa, romelmac icis

is, rac momavalSi elis saqarTvelos. misi

fenomeni misaRebi da sarwmunoa qveynis pirveli

pirebisTvis. misi adreuli wlebis

winaswarmetyvelebebi politikur sferoSi saocari

sizustiT axda. mkiTxvelisTvis ufro

gasagebi rom iyos razea saubari, moviyvan

magaliTebs qalbaton lelas Canawerebidan,

sadac qronologiuri sizustiTaa nawinaswarmetyvelebi

yvelaferi, rac garkveul

periodSi saqarTveloSi Tu mis sazRvrebs

gareT moxda. mkiTxveli Tavad darwmundeba

maT sisworeSi. qalbaton lela kakulias

CanawerebSi 1992 wlidan iwyeba

winaswarmetyvelebebi baton eduard SevardnaZeze,

swored im droidan daiwyo qalbatonma

lelam xilvebis Tavmoyra da Cawera.

ra Tqma unda, am Canawerebis srulad sagazeTo

statiaSi moyvana SeuZlebelia, magram

ramdenime maTgans vTavazob mkiTxvels:

`1993 weli _ SevardnaZe prezidentia...

mcdeloba mkvlelobisa. `cekas~ yofil mobinadres

bombs Caudeben, magram gadarCeba~

(22 marti, 1992 weli).

parlamenti Tvalis asaxvevi momentia.

arqivi arqivi

laqlaqeben, viTom interesebs icaven xalxisa,

magram prezidenti wyvets yvelafers... SevardnaZes

uWirs Zalian, magram TviTonac

xom icoda, raze modioda... SevardnaZe pirdapir

kontaqtze gadis amerikasTan. mis gonebas

dadebiTad afaseben. prezidentis kargi urTierToba

aRmosavleTis qveynebTan miexmareba

qristianul qveynebs bevri ramis gadawyveta-

Si (12 noemberi, 1992 weli).

`parlamenti orad iyofa. daupirispirdebian

kitovani, ioseliani... momavalSi

saqarTveloSi ori partia darCeba. prezidentia

saTaveSi, gverdiT 9 kaci hyavs,

romelnic marTaven saqarTvelos~ (18 dekemberi,

1992 weli).

`SevardnaZe prezidentia! amerikas da evropas

ar awyobT saqarTvelos prezidentis

pensiaze gasvla, amitom mxars uWeren yvelanairad.

aq didi politikuri TamaSi midis.

ruseTs ar awyobs prezidentis mTavroba,

imitom, rom prezidentma amerika da

evropa Caaxeda kavkasiaSi. es jer kidev 1992

wels viwinaswarmetyvele. hoda, Sedegi mainc

saqarTvelos sasargeblod iqneba (11 agvisto,

1995 weli).

`dros ver vxedav, magram kidev patara

teroristul aqts vxedav. isev gadarCebian.

15 ricxvi, 25 ricxvi _ araferi gamouvaT,

prezidents sasikvdilo dartyma ascdeba, magram

momavalSi, 1998-1999.... wlebSi mouwyoben

terors, isev bombs Caudeben, rogorc 1995w.

29 agvistos, magram gadarCeba, gadarCeba

isev saswaulad. axlandelSi CarTulni iyvnen

giorgaZe, `mxedrioni~. axal terors ase vxedav:

undaT, rom esrolon. vxedav, snaiperiviT

zis saxuravze daqiravebuli mkvleli.

maRali, Savgvremani pirovnebaa, Srami aqvs

loyaze, meomaria (ar aris gamoricxuli,

iyos CeCeni an Tundac daqiravebuli rusi).

SigniT parlamentSi boliviT avardeba raRac.

TiTqos unda Seiqmnas iseTi saxe, romelic

diversias hgavs. es aris fsiqologiuri

zemoqmedeba. yvelafers Cveni energiiT vketavT

da Sexeba gamoricxulia. SevardnaZis

ojaxis wevrebzec aqvT gadawyvetili nadiroba,

raTa aqedan imoqmedon masze _

prezidentze. araferi gamouvaT! terors,

romelsac vxedav 1998-1999 wlebSi gamowveuli

iqneba muslimanebisgan (8 seqtemberi,

1995 weli).

`saqarTvelo sufTavdeba momavali mTavrobisTvis,

romelic viwinaswarmetyvele, giorgi

brwyinvalisTvis. partiebi daiSleba, rCeba,

rogorc 1992 wels vTqvi, ori partia da

cxra kaci, romelnic marTaven saqarTvelos,

arcerTi ministri _ 99% procenti _ ar

darCeba Tavis adgilze, yvela moixsneba.

iqmneba axali parlamenti, romelic saerTod

ar hgavs winas. verc Zvel deputatebs ver

citatebi * citatebi * citatebi * citatebi * citatebi * citatebi * citatebi * citatebi * citatebi

dasavleTs metismetad

didi geopolitikuri interesebi

aqvs saqarTveloSi

da Cvenda samwuxarod,

Zalian xSirad

maTi interesebis gamo

sakuTar Tavs ar

vekuTvniT. es interesebi

imdenad didia, rom

mendeT, saakaSvilis

frazeologiasa da miT

umetes, `didi politikosis~,

irma nadiraSvilis

gamonaTqvamebs dasavleTi ar gadaayolebs

Tavis geopolitikur interesebs.

nana devdariani,

yofili ombudsmeni.

dasavleTs, ubralod,

ar aqvs ufleba, dakargos

saqarTvelo!

winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi

Cven davkargavT gasasvlels

kaspiis zRvisken,

azebaijanisken, yazaxe-

Tisa da saerTod centraluri

aziisken!

saqarTvelos SesaZlo

dakargvis variantic ki,

aucileblad unda gamovricxoT.

saqarTvelo warmoadgens strategiul

koridors da is unda darCes Ria!

zbignev bJezinski,

amerikeli politologi,

socilogi,

saxelmwifo moRvawe

vxedav. es yvelaferi droebiTia. am mTavrobas

patara periodi aqvs mmarTvelobisa. afxaze-

Ti, samaCablo _ es saqarTvelos ganuyofeli

nawilia, iyo da aris. wyeulebi amoixocebian,

afsuebi garbian! garbian osebic!

ruseTi am sakiTxs uceb gadawyvets saqarTvelos

sasargeblod (8 oqtomberi, 1995

weli).

`giorgi brwyivalis (saqarTvelos momavali

prezidenti) moRvaweobis periodi xangr-

Zlivia. mas nu eZebT im pirovnebebs Soris,

romlebic 1995 wlis arCevnebSi iyridnen

kenWs. xolo yvelaferi, rac dRes xdeba,

drois mokle periodiT isazRvreba. momaval-

Si iseTi rameebi asruldeba, rac dasajerebladac

Znelia. mere ki ufro Sors gavixedebiT

(2 noemberi, 1995 weli).

`erovnul-demokratiul partiaSi didi

ganxeTqilebaa. mamuka giorgaZe daupirispirdeba

irina sariSvil-Wanturias. es partia

bolos mainc orad iyofa. sariSvili ar

daTmobs poziciebs da daiwyeba Ria brZola.

moqalaqeTa kavSirs es dapirispireba, ra

Tqma unda, Zalian awyobs, magram maTac

igive daemarTebaT. analogiuri ganxeTqileba

iqneba moqalaqeTa kavSirSic. Jvanias Zirs

gamouTxris erT-erTi deputati (28 noemberi,

1995 weli).

aseTi utyuari uamravi magaliTi SeiZleba

SevTavazoT mkiTxvels, rac, albaT, Sors

wagviyvans, mxolod erTs davamateb _ JurnalSi,

romlis saxelwodebacaa `lela _

qarTveli vanga Tu...~ da romelic mTlianad

eZRvneba qalbatoni lela kakulias fenomens,

erT-erT werilSi, sadac gaSuqebulia misi

winaswarmetyvelebebi zviad gamsaxurdiaze, erTma

adgilma Zalian damainteresa _ `gamsaxurdia

veRar azrovnebs, gasaqcevs eZebs. dudaevTan

zis da yoveldRe elandeba, rom klaven.

igi mokvdeba da mainc damalaven, raTa xalxs

cocxali egonos. imedic kargi ram aris,

magram es yvelaferi umtkivneulo sisulelea

(19 maisi, 1992 weli).

1992 wlis 3 martiT daTariRebul CanawerSi

aris winaswarmetyveleba gamsaxurdias

erT-erT vaJze. qalbatoni lelas TqmiT, mas

uzarmazari misia daekisreba saqarTveloSi

_ `Cemi winaswarmetyveleba bevrs guls gauxeTqavs,

magram dawynardiT, igi modis ara

Suris saZieblad, aramed saqarTvelos asayvaveblad~.

es da sxva uamravi winaswarmetyveleba,

romlebic amovikiTxe qalbatoni lelas

mTel rveulSi, maZlevs imis uflebas, rom

Tamamd ganvacxado, igi CvenTvis sruliad

gaugebari fenomenia, saocari unariT dajildoebuli,

magram amave dros absoluturad

normaluri qali _ Svilebis mosiyvarule

deda da ojaxis mzrunvli diasaxlisi.

am patara sagazeTo werilSi, ra

Tqma unda, srulad ver SevZeli warmome-

Cina qalbatoni lelas gansakuTrebuloba,

magram bolo sityvis magier vityvi _ me

moval TqvenTan, qalbatono lela, davbrundebi,

raTa kvlav ganvicado erTxel

gancdili _ Tqveni qaluroba, ubraloeba

da araCveulebrioba!

arsebobs gancda, rom

[saqarTvelos mmarTveli]

gundi, rogorc Cans, ufro

efeqturi iqneba. Cemi azriT,

am gunds ar amoZravebs

ideologia, an xelisuflebaSi

darcenis maniakaluri

idea. Sesabamisad, ar daiwyebs

yvela mosaxvevSi

rusuli SeTqmulebis Zebnas,

rac ukanasknel wleb-

Si saakaSvilis reJims axasiaTebda da rac

saqarTvelosTvis Zalian destruqciuil aRmoCnda

da ver daexmara mas vercerTi sagareo

politikuri miznis miRwevaSi.

linkoln mitCeli, kolumbiis

universitetis saerTaSoriso

politikis profesori

5


1993 weli, 10 agvisto,

11 saaTi, kojori.

somxebi arcerT SemTxvevaSi sandoni

ar arian! saqarTvelos, yovelTvis vambobdi,

Ralatoben da kidev uRalateben;

vambobdi, rom saWiroa yuradRebis gamaxvileba

sazRvrebze. saqarTvelos mimarT,

vxedav, rom proeqtebi aqvT Sedgenili,

romlebic sazRvrebs Seexeba. daiwyeben

azerbaijaniT da viTom apireben damTavrebas

saqarTveloTi.

konfliqtebi

* * *

sazRvrebTan dakavSirebiT

minc iqneba. magram somxebi droze

movlen gons; ufro imitom, rom gaerosa

da natos Careva saqarTvelosTvis dacviTi

saxea. sazRvrebi yuradRebis centrSia da

es xels uSlis somxebs saqarTvelos miwebis

mitacebaSi.

Suri, siborote! somxebi ver aitanen

amerikisa da evropis aseT yuradRebas

saqarTvelos mimarT, magram maTi yvela

cda CafuSulia.

male somxebi

* * *

zraxvebs gamoamJRavneben:

sazRvrebi, miwebi saqarTvelosgan! magram

danTebul Zlier cecxls wyals rom gadaasxamen,

ise swrafad Caqreba yvelaferi.

vxedav, rom somxebi mwared waageben!

1995 weli, 25 oqtomberi,

saRamos 7 saaTi.

gafrTxilebT: sasomxeTis mxridanac nu

moadunebs saqarTvelo yuradRebas!

1996 weli, 12 marti, dilis 9 saaTi.

sasomxeTi sando ar aris. igi, icodeT,

igive ruseTia.

2008 weli, 20 agvisto, ureki.

sasomxeTi unda gafrTxildes, Torem,

rac mouva, mere sakuTar Tavs daabralos.

sasomxeTze viwinaswarmetyvele oci wlis

win, bevrjer vimeoreb da kidev erTxel

gavafrTxileb (Tumca mainc yovelive asruldeba):

isini qronikuli mtrebi arian

qarTvelebisa, magram yovelTvis saqarTvelo

rCeba gamarjvebuli. es aris sruli

simarTle, asi procentiT. ai naxavT!

2009 weli, 19 ianvari, ureki, naTlisReba.

somxeTi, vxedav, rom aqeT gvicxadeben

brZolas. javaxeTi _ es ZirZveli miwa

qarTuli, Turme somxebisaa. gadaxedeT

1995 wlis 11 agvistos da aseve 1995 wlis

25 oqtombris winaswarmetyvelebebs, sadac

zustad aris danaxuli yovelive,

rasac somxebi moimoqmedeben saqarTvelos

winaaRmdeg. winaswarmetyveleba, xedva

mTavrdeba sityvebiT: isini itaceben

miwebs da frTxilad, rom momavalSi

TviTon ar aRigavon miwis pirisagan. iq

aseve vafrTxilebT somxebs atomuri

eleqtrosadguris gaSvebasTan dakavSirebiTac,

radgan cecxlSi gaxveuls vxedav

momavalSi. es winaswarmetyveleba Zalian

yuradsaRebia, miT umetes, rom igi ase

mTavrdeba: sasomxeTis survilebs, miitacos

qarTuli miwebi, rogorc danTebul

cecxls gadasxmuli wyali, ise gadauvlis

didi talRa da maT zraxvebs swrafad

Caaqrobs. Sav zRvaze somxebi verasdros

damkvidrdebian. isini imoZraveben ise,

rogorc dRes moZraoben da meti araferi.

mesxeT-javaxeTSi ki mravali qarTveli,

stiqiisgan dazaralebulebi Casaxldebian

da amas veravin da veraviTari Zala ver

SeaCerebs. ase rom, yvela kavkasiur qveyanas

vurCevT, saqarTvelosTan frTxili

politika gaataron. nu gaviwydebaT, rom

saqarTvelo is centria kosmosisTvis,

romelic mTel kavkasias gaaerTianebs.

2009 weli, 25 aprili, Tbilisi.

minda aRvniSno, rom sasomxeTs saqarTvelos

teritoriebTan dakavSirebiT, araferi

gamouva! man unda dagvibrunos rusebis

mier naCuqari qarTuli miwebi!!!! rac aucileblad

asruldeba asi procentiT. isini

Sav zRvaze mxolod saqarTvelos gavliT

imogzaureben! xolo aWara, goderZis

uReltexili, maTTvis Caketilia. somxebi

aWaraSi fexs ver moikideben, vxedav,

veRarc sxvagan saqarTveloSi. es ase

asruldeba asi procentiT.

2009 weli, 15 maisi, Tbilisi.

vxedav somxebis mcdelobasa da did

survils, rom afxazeTis dedaqalaqs –

soxums, daarqvan patara erevani. isini

afxazeTSi avtonomias Txouloben. mokled,

iseTi qaosi iqneba, rom Tavsa da

bolos ver daadgamen (qarTul miwas yvavyornebi

Semoesivneno, vityviT). iqneba iseTi

Sejaxebebi, rom vxedav, somxebi datove-

rac rac ukve

ukve

ben ZirZvel qarTul miwas - afxazeTs.

soflebi carieldeba. arcerTi somexi ar

darCeba afxazeTSi.

2009 weli, 8 ivlisi, ureki.

minda avRniSno: nurc somxebi elodebian

goderZis uReltexilis, ase vTqvaT,

miTvisebas! es arasodes moxdeba. aris

winaswarmetyveleba, rom saqarTvelo

ibrunebs teritoriebs. diax, rac somxeTma

da aseve azerbaijanma miiTvises ruseTis

meSveobiT, yvelaferi saqarTvelos teritoriaa!

SeegueT, batonebo, es saqarTveloa

da daubrundebaT qarTvelebs. winaswarmetyvelebas

veravin aRudgeba win!

lela kakulia

somxeTSi 2013 wlis 18 Tebervals saprezidento

arCevnebia daniSnuli. masSi monawileobas

rva kandidati miiRebs, romelTa

Soris yvelasaTvis cnobili, saxelmwifos

amJamindeli prezidenti serJ sarqisianic

gaxlavT da aqamde ucnobi, metad ambiciuri,

ganaTlebiT inJiner-mSenebeli, xolo profesiiT

miTologi vardan sedraqianic. ai,

swored misma, pres-klub `tesaketSi~ 2013

wlis 10 ianvars micemulma intervium gvibi-

Zga, kidev erTxel SevxebodiT somxur Temas

Cveni gazeTis furclebze da kidev erTxel

Segvexsenebina mkiTxvelisTvis, Tu ra aqvs

qalbaton lelas naTqvami zogadad somxuri

zraxvebis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos mimarT.

maS ase, gTavazobT amonarids interviudan

miTolog, da Tavisi Rrma rwmeniT, somxeTis

momaval prezidentTan, romlis originalis

xilva SegiZliaT Semdeg misamarTze: http://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=PrUlwKmmO_E&feature=share&list=UU-D5h_0o18575sI-glIZg1Q

`me msurs gesaubroT sagareo politikaze,

gansakuTrebiT ki, afxazeTisa da samxreT

oseTis damoukideblobis aRiarebis Taobaze.

bevrs hgonia, rom somxeTs ar SeuZlia scnos

isini damoukidebel saxelmwifoebad, rom

es ar Seesabameba Cvens politikur interesebs,

vinaidan saqarTveloze gadis somxeTisTvis

mniSvnelovani magistralebi.

dRes Cven msofliosgan viTxovT arcaxis

(yarabaRis somxuri saxelwodebs. _ red.).

aseT SemTxvevaSi ismeba kiTxva: Cven Tavad

ratom ar vcnobT zemoxsenebul saxelmwifoebs?

gamodis, rom Tu somxebs ar surT

azerbaijanis SemadgenlobaSi cxovreba da

surT iyvnen damoukideblebi _ es samarTliania,

xolo Tu afxazebi da osebi iswrafvian

saqarTvelos Semadgenlobidan gasvlisken _

es usamarTloa.

me xelT maqvs wigni `sabWoTa somxeTis

enciklopedia~, romelSic dabeWdilia mcire

statia _ samecniero naSromi afxazi mefeebis

Sesaxeb.

aRvniSnav, rom afxazeTis samefos somex

bagratunTa erT-erTi Sto marTavda. somxeT-

Si arabi dampyroblebis winaaRmdeg brZolas

Sedegad somxuri saxelmwifos aRdgena mohyva

da taxtze bagratunTa dinastiis warmomadgenlebi

avidnen. am periodSi afxazTa

samefom didi finansuri da samxedro daxmareba

gauwia somxeTs. afxazTa samefos

dedaqalaqi maSin quTaisi gaxldaT. aqedan

daskvna, rom dRevandeli afxazeTi aris mxolod

nawili istoriuli afxazTa samefosi

da Cveni samomavlo mizanic swored is gaxlavT,

rom aRvadginoT igi dedaqalaqiT

quTaisSi. Cveni mefeebi tyuilad xom ar

exmarebodnen erTmaneTs?

samwuxarod, somxur-afxazuri keTilmezobluri

urTierTobebi didxans ar gagrZelebula,

vinaidan afxaz da somex bagratunTa Soris,

saqarTvelos gayofa-ganawilebis niadagze,

konfliqti daiwyo. Sedegad, somxebma poziciebi

daTmes da Tbilisic afxazebis xelSi gadavida.

afxazma mefeebma amis Semdeg sakuTar

titulebs kidev erTi tituli `mefe afxaze-

Tisa da qarTlisa~ daumates. amgvarad afxazeTis

damoukideblobis aRiarebiT, Cven

aramxolod Cveni sindisisa da RmerTis winaSe

viqnebiT marTlebi, aramed SevqmniT kidec

pirobebs maTTan samxedro, politikur da

ekonomikur sferoebSi saTanamSromlod.

bunebrivia, arsebobs javaxeTis problema

da axlandeli xelisufleba saqarTvelosi

cotaTi `ganawyenebulia~, rom somxebi

saqarTveloSi cxovroben. amitom Cven unda

movaxerxoT is, rom somxebma icxovron somxeTis

teritoriaze da qarTvelebi aRar iqnebian

`nawyenebi...~

albaT mkiTxveli dameTanxmeba, rom am intervius

vercerTi qarTveli ver auvlis

gulgrilad gverds, vinaidan araviTari mniSvneloba

ar aqvs, vis kalams ekuTvnis msgavsi,

sruliad naTeli miznebis mqone, abdaubda

_ saxelmwifo moRvawisas, politikosisas,

samecniero sferos warmomadgenlisas Tu erTi

vinme ambiciuri, `WeSmariti somxuri ideebiT~

Sepyrobili briyvisas, vinaidan is Tanabrad

saxifaToa da aqedan gamomdinare, sayuradReboc

qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis.

faqti erTia, rom vardan sedraqiansa da

mis ideebs, sul cota, 35 aTasi adamiani

uWers mxars (swored amdeni moqalaqis xelmoweraa

sakmarisi prezidentobis kandidatad

dasaregistrireblad), xolo kidev ramdeni

aTasi dgas am xilul mxardamWerTa ukan,

amis daskvna rTuli araa, vinaidan es pirveli

SemTxveva ar gaxlavT, roca somxebi

cdiloben miiTvison yvelaferi qarTuli. Tumca,

rogorc winaswarmetyveleba gvamcnobs, uflis

nebiTa da gangebulebiT, saqarTvelos

isini verafers gamoscinclaven!!!

1997 weli, 4 agvisto,

dRis 2-is naxevari, kojori.

somxeTi waagebs ruseTTan kontaqtSi.

vxedav, amjerad iq ar SeZvren, sadac

saWiroa.

1998 weli, 10 Tebervali,

dRis 2 saaTi.

somxeTi damarcxdeba _ ruseTis ayola

ar awyobT, magram mere yvelaferi

damSviddeba. ise ki, saqarTveloSi rac

daatriales rusebma, igives imeoreben

somxeTSi _ gayofa, dapirispireba da a.S.

2008 weli. 7 marti.

somxebs ruseTis imedi aqvT, magram

vxedav, ruseTi maT uRalatebs, sul sxvagvar

politikur nabijebs gadadgams.

sasomxeTi ruseTs zurgs Seaqcevs.

2012 weli, 5 seqtemberi,

dilis 7 saaTi.

Tuki somxebi fiqroben, rom ruseTi

maTi didi megobaria, vxedav, rom Zalian

cdebian!

ruseTi CaiTrevs somxeTs kavkasiis

omebSi, Tanac Tavis dapirebebs arc aasrulebs!

lela kakulia

am Temaze sakuTari komentarisa da analizisgan

Tavs SevikavebT da pirdapir Semog-

TavazebT somxur presaSi (gamocema `lragil~)

16 ianvars gamoqveynebul publikacias `somxeTi-ruseTi:

eqvsi scenari, anu rusTa

fiqrebi somxeTze~, romlis avtoric gaxlavT

politologi igor muradiani.

`sxvadasxva jgufebis rusi politikosebisa

da politologebis somxeTTan dakavSirebuli

Sefasebebisa da poziciebis ganxilvisas

vrwmundebiT, rom ruseT-somxeTs Soris

arsebuli amJamindeli krizisi ruseTis politikis

Sedegi gaxlavT. is, rom rusi politikosebi

20 wlis ganmavlobaSi somxeTis

erovnuli interesebis ignorirebas axdendnen

da am politikam Tavis apoTeozs miaRwia,

somexi politikosebis, inteligenciisa da

sajaro moxeleebis moRvaweobis Sedegicaa.

maTi qmedebebi fsiqologiuri faqtorebi-

Ta da qcevis stereotipebiTaa ganpirobebuli

Tu es sxvadasxva faqtorTa erTobliobiTaa

gamowveuli, arc ise mniSvnelovania.

upirvelesad, unda aRiniSnos, rom somexi

politikosebi ori aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi

ruseTTan uTierTobas mxolos piradi interesebidan

gamomdinare agebdnen. amgvari

qmedebiT isini imaRlebdnen reitings, vinaidan

rusebTan damyarebul kavSirebs sakuTari

Zalisxmevis, sakuTari damsaxurebisa da sak-

6


moxda

moxda

uTari avtoritetis Sedegad asaRebdnen. amasTan,

amgvari stili SeiniSneba ara mxolod politikosebs,

aramed sxvadasxva _ msxvil Tu

wvril funqcionerTa Sorisac.

saamisod metnaklebad mosaxerxebeli stili

moskovTan urTierTobaSi gaxldaT familaroba,

`tusovSCina~ da ruseTis mxridan

yvela SesaZlo Tavxedobasa da `gadacdomebze~

Tvalebis daxuWva. aRsaniSnavia isic,

rom mocemuli stili ruseTSi arsebuli

somxuri sazogadoebrivi organizaciebis mierac

proeqtirdeboda.

bolo wlebis ganmavlobaSi sait `lragiris~

komentarebSi ikiTxeboda gafrTxilebebi, rom

ruseTTan mosalodneli urTierTobebi sulac

ar iyo sasixarulo, da rom kargi iqneboda,

gagveazrebina qcevis amgvari stili. faqtia,

rom ruseTTan urTierTobisas xelidan gvaqvs

gaSvebuli uzarmazari SesaZleblobebi, romel-

Ta meSveobiTac SegveZlo Tavidan agvecilebina

axla arsebuli usiamovno Sedegebi.

ruseTi cdilobs, rom somxeTTan urTier-

TobaSi sakuTari poziciebi SeaTanxmos ara

marto TurqeTTan da azerbaijanTan, aramed

israelTanac, belorusTanac da ukrainasTanac.

eWvsgareSea, rom samxreT kavkasiasTan saku-

Tar politikas ruseTi yovelTvis aTanxmebda

aSS-Tan da wamyvan evropul saxelmwifoebTan,

rasac didi warmatebebi ar mohyolia,

magram saqme isaa, rom am mcdelobebisas

erT sibrtyeSi ganixileboda saqarTvelo,

azerbaijani da somxeTi.

Cven unda gvcodnoda, rom somxeTidan

gasrolil pirvelsave replikas ruseTis

politikasTan dakavSirebiT, moskovSi isteria

mohyveboda. magram Seqmnili situacia

ruseTisTvis ufro moulodneli aRmoCnda,

vidre somxeTisTvis. mcire gamonaklisis garda,

dums TiTqmis yvela somexi politikuri

komentatori da Jurnalisti, vinaidan maT

dumili, sxvadasxva motivaciaTa gamo, mravali

wlis manZilze iswavles. da mainc, moskovSi

yuradRebas aqceven ara fulze gayidul

somxur medias, ara saparlamento Tu

arasaparlamento politikosebs, aramed saqmis

realur viTarebas, vinaidan angaJementebis

CrdilSi Camoyalibda ara somxuri, aramed

saerTaSoriso situacia.

gairkva, rom ruseTSi moRvawe is pirebi,

romelTac Tanamdebobrivad evalebaT viTarebis

komentireba da rekomendaciebis SemuSaveba, mravali

wlis ganmavlobaSi jiutad da darwmunebiT

acxadebdnen, somxeTTan problemebi ar arsebobs

da principSi, arc SeiZleba arsebobdeso.

hoda, axla maT sruli profesiuli fiasko

ganicades. rogorc cnobilia, ruseTis analitikur

da politikur-saproeqto gaerTianebas

araerTi aseTi fiasko ganucdia saerTaSoriso

politikis mkveTr mosaxvevebSi. maT Soris,

erayis omTan, `axal~ Turqul politikasTan,

iranisTvis SeiaraRebis miwodebasTan, centralur

aziasa da azerbaijanTan politikis dagegmvas-

Tan, serbeTTan, bulgareTTan, ukrainasTan, belorusTan

da agreTve baraq obamas administraciis

politikasTan dakavSirebiT.

araferi axali amaSi ar aris, magram,

rogorc Cans, somxeTis SemTxvevam ara mxolod

morig fiaskoze auxila Tvali mavanT,

aramed zogierTi midgomis gadaxedvis aucileblobaSic

daarwmuna, Tundac, samxreT

strategiuli mimarTulebiT. gamoricxuli ar

aris, rom ruseTis mcdeloba, daaCqaros

saqarTvelosTan urTierTobebis daregulireba,

aseve gamowveulia somxeTis mxridan arasasikeTo

molodinebiT. swored ruseTis politikuri

xelmZRvanelobis amJamindel ganzraxulobaTa

gamo iTqva sakramentuli fraza moskovis

Zalian `maRal~ kabinetSi: `es Zalze aradroulia,

vinaidan mogviwevs pasuxis gacema~.

garkveuli Tvisebebis mqone somxebTan

urTierTobisas Zalze tipiuria imgvari fraza,

rogoricaa `somxeTis gasvlas koleqtiuri

usafrTxoebis xelSekrulebis organizaciidan

ruseTi verc igrZnobs~. diax, Zalze saxasiaTo

frazaa, miT umetes, Tu maT didi

gamocdilebis mqone amxanagebi warmoTqvamen,

rac kidev ufro aZlierebs isteriulobis

STabeWdilebas. adamianebs, romlebsac

`winaswarmetyvelobaze~ hqondaT pretenzia,

gamoeparaT ara mxolod imperia, aramed mTlianad

ruseTi da axla maTi adgili ...-zea.

sainteresoa, rogor xsnian Seqmnil viTarebas

is rusi eqspertebi, romlebic muqTa

samTavrobo grantebiTa da sarCoTi arian

uzrunvelyofilni. moskovSi Seiqmna situacia,

roca ara mxolod `marjvena xelma ar icis,

ras sCadis marcxena~, aramed pasuxismgebeli

amxanagebic ar akeTeben TavianT saqmes. ruse-

Tis prezidentis administraciaSi Zalze didi

Zalauflebaa Tavmoyrili, romelTac familarul

da `tusovkur~ meTodebamde mihyavs rusuli

sagareo politika. ruseTis prezidentis amJamindeli

administracia _ es muqTa lukmis

gamanawilebeli sakoordinacio centria, rac

realur funqcias ukargavs ara mxolod sagareo

saqmeTa saministros, aramed Tavdacvis

saministrosac da generalur Stabsac, romlebic

srul prostraciaSi aRmoCndnen.

ruseTis diplomatiuri korpusi da generaliteti

damcirebul mdgomareobaSi aRmoCndnen

da drodadro prezidentis administraciisgan

mTel rig kiTxvebze pasuxs iTxoven.

kerZod, somxeTis problemasTan dakavSirebiT

prezidentis administraciasac da uSiSroebis

sabWosac, ase Tu ise, mainc mouwevT ganmartebebis

gakeTeba, radgan samxedroebi ruseTs

icaven (da ara `oboronserviss~). magram Sss,

Tavdacvis saministro da genStabi sul ufro

naklebad iTxoven ganmartebebs da Tavad, avtonomiurad

cdiloben sakiTxebis gadaWras.

axla moskovSi somxur sakiTxze fiqroben

da ramdenadac cnobilia, rus `damproeqteblebs~

miTiTebuli aqvT, mokle droSi waradginon

raime gonivruli gegma. am droisTvis

ukve arsebobs ramdenime `konceptualuri~ daskvna:

1. araferi gansakuTrebuli ar momxdara.

somxeTi adrec aviTarebda urTierTobebs natosa

da evrokavSirTan; igi aseve mkacrad

icavs koleqtiuri usafrTxoebis xelSekrulebis

organizaciis winaSe aRebul valdebulebebs.

amitom, partniorul urTierTobaTa CarCos

gaTvaliswinebiT, arsebuli problemebi unda

gadaiWras Cveulebrivi konsultaciebis gziT;

2. situacia unda aRviqvaT seriozulad,

romelsac SesaZlebelia mohyves usiamovnebebi,

vinaidan nato da evrokavSiri ukve Seudgnen

somxeTSi damkvidrebis axal etaps. axla saqme

exeba ara saerTo da deklaraciuli xasiaTis

programebs, aramed somxeTTan `individualur~

muSaobas _ somxeTTan, romlis SesaZleblobebic

Cven ver SevafaseT;

3. somexi xalxi ar aris boroti, wyena

male aviwydebaT da unda gavigoT, riT

ganawyendnen isini da ra pretenziebi aqvT.

yvelafris Zalian swrafad gamosworeba Sei-

Zleba, Tuki jer kidev aumoqmedebel sazogadoebriv

resursebs gamoviyenebT, risTvisac

somxuri politikur-sazogadoebrivi seqtoris

mimarTulebiT xarjebis gaReba mogviwevs;

4. mravali wlis ganmavlobaSi Cven mxars

vuWerdiT, praqtikulad, somxur samxedro

elitas da ara politikurs. samxedroebs

mxolod saomari gamocdileba aqvT da didxans

ar moiTmenen politikas. Cven yuradRebas

ar vaqcevdiT somxur interesebs. amasTan

dakavSirebiT, saWiroa, rom mxari davuWiroT

ufro metad marTul politikur elitas,

romelic amasTan, pacifisturi ganwyobisa iqneba;

5. Cven dros vkargavT. somxeTma gansazRvra

Tavisi sagareo prioritetebi da

nato-m da evrokavSirmac ukve aamoqmedes

TavianTi meqanizmebi, rac avtomaturad gadaiyvans

somxeTs mtrul banakSi. amitom aucilebelia

gadavdgaT ufro metad gadamWreli

nabijebi realuri samxedro konfliqtis

konstruirebis mizniT, raTa somxeTi kvlav

daubrundes Cvens politikur kalapots;

6. dro ukve dakargulia da procesis

daweva uazrobaa. rogorc somexma eqspertebma

SeniSnes, `realuri safrTxis winaSec ki

yovelTvis racionalurad ver moiqcevi~.

situacia, roca somxurma sazogadoebam, miuxedavad

imisa, rom is kritikuladaa ganwyobili

Tavisi politikuri xelmZRvanelobis

mimarT, faqtobrivad, mxari dauWira

prodasavlur kurss, sworad unda SevafasoT.

axla Cven axali urTierTobebi ki ar

unda davamyaroT somxebTan, aramed unda

SevinarCunoT ukve arsebuli.

magram es `ucxo biWebis~ naazrevia. problema

moskoveli politikosebis mier arCeuli

strategiisa da taqtikis arCevaSi ki

araa, aramed imaSi, erTdroulad aamoqmedeben

Tu cal-calke rusebi am eqvs scenars.

magram iqneb meSvide scenaric arsebobs?

maS, rogoria is? ra aris ufro cudi,

roca scenari arsebobs Tu roca ar arse-

bobs? magram es ruseTis saqmea. rac Seexeba

somxeTs, saqme scenari ki raa, aramed is, vin

ganaxorcielebs mas. viRacam Tqva, es gmiroba

araa, es bedisweraao!~

saerTod, somxeTSi Tu mis gareT, bolo

periodSi gansakuTrebiT momravldnen adamianebi,

romlebic rusul politikaSi somxeTisTvis

damRupvel niSnebs xedaven da kategoriulad

moiTxoven moskovisTvis zog

moTxovnaze uaris Tqmas. aseT TemaTa Soris

gaxlavT evraziuli kavSiris sakiTxi, romelic,

eqspertTa garkveuli wreebis SefasebiT,

somxeTisTvis damokles maxvilad iqca.

saqme isaa, rom axla erevani dgas alternativis

winaSe _ dasavleTi Tu aRmosavle-

Ti, xolo amis paralelurad, ruseTi pirdapir

aZalebs somxeTs, gawevriandes evraziul

da sabaJo kavSirebSi. es warmonaqmnebi ki

araerT somexs miaCnia neosovetikur gaer-

Tianeba-kavSirebad da irwmunebian, rom aucileblad

unda Tqvan maTze uari, Tanac, yovelgvari

mobodiSebis gareSe. magram somxeTis

xelisufleba, Cans, rom sxva azrisaa da

sabaJo kavSirTan TanamSromlobis gzebs eZebs.

SeerTebul StatebSi somxeTis yofili elCis,

saerTaSoriso urTierTobebis eqspert, amJamad

aSS-Si mcxovreb armen xarazianis TqmiT,

evraziuli kavSiris ideas saswrafod unda

gaeces uaryofiTi pasuxi. `somxebma naTlad

da mkafiod unda uTxran rusebs: somxeTma

airCia Tavisi gza, romelic ar ewinaaRmdegeba

ruseTTan Cvens bunebriv urTierTobas, magram

evraziuli kavSiris wevroba ar Seesabameba

somxeTis interesebs. aq Cveni saxelmwifos

damoukideblobis problema dgas da vfiqrob,

ar arsebobs aranairi politikuri mizani,

romlisTvisac damoukideblobis daTmoba Rirs~.

xazarianis SefasebiT, somxeTis ekonomika

rusuli ekonomikuri da politikuri interesebis

kontrolsaa daqvemdebarebuli. ruse-

Ti akontrolebs somxeTis strategiul infrastruqturasac,

sawarmoo bazasac da mTel

rig sasicocxlo sferoebsac. mokled, somxeTis

damoukideblobasa da suverenitets

safrTxe emuqreba da es situacia saswrafod

unda gamoswordes.

1996 weli, 15 ivnisi,

dilis 5 saaTi.

ukrainaSi afeTqebul atomur sadgurze

iwyeba seriozuli muSaoba. Cernobili _

es xumroba araa. momwamlavi radiacia

ukve kosmosSia. es sakiTxi Seexeba msoflios

yvela qveyanas, amitom erTiani

ZaliT Seuteven am uxilav Sav Zalebs _

radiacias.

2008 weli, 21 ianvari,

ureki, dilis 5 saaTi.

vxedav, ukrainaSi Cernobili Jonavs,

radiacia isev vrceldeba... amaze ki

fiqrobs msoflio, magram mainc ar asruleben

samuSaoebs ise, rogorc saWiroa.

momavalSi yvela amoZravdeba, daiwyeba

didi gawmendiTi samuSaoebi msoflio

masStabiT. madloba ufals!

2010 weli, 24 aprili,

Tbilisi, Ramis 2 saaTi.

momavalSi ukrainis mTavroba ruseTs

did fuls mosTxovs. es Cernobils exeba.

diax, vxedav, reaqtori isev Jonavs da

saWiroa seriozuli muSaoba. ukrainis

mTavroba ruseTs sdebs brals, vinaidan

swored komunisturma ruseTma aaSena

Cernobili. momavalSi ki, dadgeba dro,

roca mTeli evropac aforiaqdeba am

sakiTxiT da vxedav, yvela saxelmwifo

miiRebs monawileobas, raTa Cernobilis

problema erTxel da samudamod moagvaron!

lela kakulia

(gagrZeleba gv.11)

7


onald ronald d. d. asmus asmusi asmus

mcire omi,

romelmac msoflio SeZra

(dasawyisi

#49-70)

marTalia, civi omi dasrulda da ruseTic

ukve mtrad aRar ganixileboda, magram vaSingtoni

gasuli saukunis 90-ian wlebSic aucileblad

miiCnevda `mewinavis~ roli etvirTa, roca

saqme mniSvnelovan da strategiulad winaaRmdegobriv

sakiTxebSi moskovis `moTvinierebas~

exeboda. vaSingtonSi isic icodnen, rom evropas

saqarTvelos mxardaWeris gaunelebeli Jini

namdvilad ar swvavda, magram buSi axla am

mosazrebiTa da mocemulobebiT ar xelmZRvanelobda,

Man omis moTavebis sadaveebi nebayoflobiT

gadauloca beber kontinentsa da

kerod, safrangeTs, romelic imJamad rigiTobiT

Tavmjdomareobda evrokavSirs.

buSis administraciis maRalCinosnebi dabejiTebiT

amtkicebdnen, rom es maTi mxridan

yvelaze gonivruli nabiji iyo: amerikas rom

medroSeoba ekisra, amiT moskovs xel-fexi

gaexsneboda, viTarebas aSS-ruseTis dapirispirebaSi

gadazrdida da Sesabamisad, evropel mokav-

Sireebsac ganze gandgomasa da pasuxismgeblobis

Tavidan aridebas gauadvilebda. aAmerikelebs

ki surdaT naTlad daenaxvebinaT ruseTisTvis,

rom maT qmedebas aramxolod aSS, aramed

mTeli saerTaSoriso Tanamegobroba aRudgeboda

win. is, rom nikola sarkozis gaprezidentebam

SesamCnevad daaTbo safrangeTis urTier-

Tobebi aSS-sTan, vaSingtons saqmes uiolebda

_ elises sasaxleSi kvlavac Jak Siraki rom

mjdariyo, buSis administraciis warmomadgenelTa

aRiarebiT, bevri ram imTaviTve SeuZlebeli

iqneboda.

TeTri saxlis administraciis kritikosebsa

da evropis bevri saxelmwifos xelisufalT ki

gansxvavebuli axsna moeZebnebaT: prezidentobis

miwuruls, poziciebSeryeuli buSi, ubralod,

metismetad susti aRmoCnda: erayis omTan dakav-

Sirebuli dapirispirebis Semdeg, mokavSireebTan

urTierTobis gamosworeba bolomde ver

moaxerxa da ruseTze zemoqmedebis berketebic

TandaTanobiT ecleboda xelidan. marTalia,

Tavad buSs putinTan guliTadi megobroba

akavSirebda, magram aSS-ruseTis urTierTobebi

TandaTanobiT sul ufro fuye xdeboda. verc

buSis saxelmwifo uSiSroebis gundma daamyara

rus kolegebTan is aucilebeli saqmiani kav-

Sirebi, rac moskovTan efeqturad gamklavebis

saSualebas Seqmnida. Aase magaliTad, raisis

urTierToba sagareo saqmeTa ministr lavrovTan

ukiduresad daZabuli iyo da saboloo jamSi,

praqtikulad gawyda kidec. 10 wlis win, roca

dasavleTi da ruseTi lamis SublebiT Seaskdnen

erTmaneTs kosovos gamo, amerikeli maRal-

Cinosnebi ara marto mudmivad esaubrebodnen

telefoniT TavianT rus kolegebs, aramed

moskovSic Cadiodnen pirispir sasaubrod, raTa

viTareba ukontrolo ar gamxdariyo.

aAxla ki vaSingtons aRarc igive urTierTobebi

hqonda da aRarc Zveli gavlena,

rac amerikel maRalCinosnebs Tavadac

mSvenivrad moexsenebodaT.

ra motivebiTac unda exelmZRvanela vaSingtons,

buSis gadawyvetilebis Sedegebi Sorsmimavali

aRmoCnda: es imas niSnavda, rom saqarTvelos

uZlieresi mxardamWeri da mokavSire xmalamowvdili

ar ecdeboda zogadad dasavleTis

darazmvas ruseTisaTvis sakadrisi pasuxis gasacemad,

an, Tundac, moskovTan molaparakebebis

gasamarTavad; arc nato ikisrebda am krizisis

mogvarebaSi umTavres rols; es ki imas niSnavda,

rom saerTod gamoiricxa nebismieri samxedro

SesaZlebloba, ramdenadac swored aSS iyo

erTaderTi saxelmwifo, romelsac samxedro

ZaliT SeeZlo moskovisaTvis Semdgomi nabijebis

gadadgmaze aeRebinebina xeli. eEs imas

niSnavda, rom Tbiliss imedad da sayrdenad

evrokavSiri rCeboda, iq ki azrTa aSkara

sxvadasxvaoba iyo da yvela erTnairad ar

miesalmeboda saqarTvelos dasavleTSi dauyovnebliv

integracias. Arada, am azrTa sxvadasxvaobis

gaTvaliswinebiT, ramdenad moaxerxebda

evrokavSiri, moskovs aRdgomoda win da

miTumetes, ZaliT ukve mopovebulic daeTmobinebina?

radgan amerika ar iqneboda ruseTze zewolis

meTauri, saqarTvelos safrangeTisTvis

unda miemarTa; kargi aq is iyo, rom es

qveyana evrokavSirSi didi gavleniT sarge-

saqarTvelo, ruseTi da dasavluri samyaros momavali

blobda da Tu Zalisxmevis gaerTianeba moxerxdeboda,

Sedegis miRweva iqneb moxerxebuliyo

kidec. mniSvnelovani iyo Tavad nikola

sarkozis pirovnuli Taviseburebanic _ safrangeTis

prezidents yuradRebis centrSi yofna

uyvarda da yovelmxriv Seecdeboda, msoflio

avanscenaze momgebiani kuTxiT warmoeCina safrangeTic,

evrokavSirica da sakuTari Tavic.

Nnaklebad imedis momcemi ki is Canda, rom

safrangeTisTvis saqarTvelos sakiTxi namdvilad

ar warmoadgenda umTavresi yuradRebis sagans.

roca am qveyanas evrokavSiris xelmZRvaneloba

ergo, swored im zafxuls, zogadad Savi

zRvis regioni Znelad moiazreboda safrangeTis

prioritetTa Soris. jer kidev ivnisSi,

safrangeTis sagareo saqmeTa saministros erTma

maRalCinosanma kerZo saubarSi garkveviT

mianiSna, ra adgili ekava saqarTvelosa da

amierkavkasias misi qveynis sagareo prioritet-

Ta nusxaSi: `saqarTvelo araa, arc arasdros

yofila da verc verasdros moxvdeba safrange-

Tis gansakuTrebuli interesis arealSi; magram

Cveni amocanaa, Tavad evrokavSiris farglebSi

misi ganxeTqilebis vaSlad gadaqceva ar davuSvaT

_ Sesabamisad, Sualedur pozicias davikavebT

maT Soris, visac, erTi mxriv, misi

meti daxmareba surs da meore mxriv _ vinc

amisgan Tavs ikavebs~.

saqarTvelosTan mimarTebiT Tavad sarkozisac

amgvarive Sualeduri xedva hqonda: is gacilebiT

ufro gagebiTa da TanagrZnobiT ekideboda

ukrainisa da saqarTvelos msgavsi qveynebis

miswrafebebs, vidre misi winamorbedi elises

sasaxleSi da angela merkelisgan gansxvavebiT,

safrangeTis prezidents arc saakaSvilis mimarT

piradi SeuTavsebloba gamoarCevda;

is ki ara, bevrma mimomxilvelma maT

msgavsebebsac ki miaqcia yuradReba _ maT

emociurobasa da midekilebas mkveTri qmedebebisken,

rasac zogjer safuZvliani gaTvla

aklda xolme.

marTalia, sarkozi imavdroulad winamorbedze

Riad da Tamamad akritikebda putins da ruse-

Tis avtokratiisken mibrunebas, magram ruseT-

Tan mWidro uerTierTobebis SenarCuneba mainc

franguli diplomatiis tradiciul amosaval

debulebad rCeboda _ evropaSi Tu mis farglebs

gareT safrangeTis gavlenis gasazrdelad.

zogadad dasavleTisa ar iyos, arc parizSi

ugrZvniaT am omis moaxloeba, Tumca, roca

faqtis winaSe dadgnen, pasuxismgeblobac igrZnes,

evropis mxridan raRac sapasuxo qmedebis

aucileblobis Taobaze. evropaSi bevrs axsovda,

Tavidan rogor ver SeZles sisxlisRvris

SeCereba balkaneTSi, gasuli saukunis 90-iani

wlebis damdegs da SuaxanebSi.

Tu evrokavSiri ganze gadgeboda da

arafers moimoqmedebda saqarTvelos ganadgurebis

win aRsadgomad, es gamousworebeli

ubedureba iqneboda, rogorc safrange-

Tis, aseve mTlianad evropuli sagareo

politikisTvis; xolo Tu evrokavSiris mcdeloba

warmatebiT dagvirgvindeboda, es,

imavdroulad, safrangeTis warmatebadac

CaiTvleboda.

roca saqme uSualod evrokavSirsa da piradad

mis qmediTunarianobas Seexo, sarkozis,

cxadia, didi arCevani aRarc darCenia, magram

es gadawyvetileba garkveuli riskis Semcveli

namdvilad gaxldaT.

8 agvistos, pekinSi, olimpiuri TaAmaSebis

gaxsnaze, putinTan gamosalaparakeblad sarkozic

mivida, magram buSisa ar iyos, ruseTis lideri

masac sakmaod civad Sexvda. safrangeTis prezidentma

putins ori dRe sTxova Suamavlobisa

da konfliqtis mSvidobianad dasrulebisTvis.

putinma amaze uari uTxra. maSin sarkozim erTi

dRe iTxova, Tundac, brZolebis Sesawyvetad

da amazec uari miiRo. sarkozim daaskvna, rom

ruseTis liders viTarebis ganmuxtvis aravi-

Tari survili ar gaaCnda da apirebda, `Wkua

eswavlebina~ saakaSvilisTvis. parizSi imis seriozuli

SiSi gaCnda, rom putini am konfliqtiT

isargeblebda da erTxel da samudamod

`daauToebda~ saqarTvelos. safrangeTSi

sarkozi sagonebelSi Cavardnili dabrunda.

wesiT, evrokavSiris prezidenti jer guldasmiT

unda moTaTbireboda kavSiris wevrebs,

Semdgom nabijebTan dakavSirebiT garkveuli

TanxmobisTvis mieRwia da mxolod mere, Tanac

kargad gaTvlili iniciativiT gamosuliyo. magram

dro ar iTmenda da sarkozi namdvilad ver

daicavda dadgenil wesebs _ mSvenivrad esmoda,

rom viTareba aramarto saqarTvelosTvis,

aramed evropisTvisac sagangaSo iyo. arada,

parizi aRaSfoTa saqarTvelos mier ganxorcilebulma

qmedebebma da bevri uSualod saakaSvils

abralebda omis gaCaRebas. ukve omis

Semdeg, momxdaris sakuTari xedva safrangeTis

prezidentma ase Seajama: `qarTulma samxedro

nawilebma wamoiwyes ieriSi, rac TavisTavad

Secdoma iyo; oRond rusuli armiis reaqcia

sruliad araproporciuli gaxldaT~.

mizezSedegobriobis amgvari xedva, iqneb,

uaRresad sworxazovani da mcdaric ki Candes,

magram roca pasuxismgebloba daekisra, parizs

Zalze cota dro hqonda imis gamosaZieblad,

rogor daiwyo omi da vin iyo mTavari

damnaSave. omi ukve gaCaRebuli iyo da umTavres

amocanasac axla jer misi Sewyveta warmoadgenda.

da mainc, ueWvelia, mTeli am krizisis

dros, frangul xedvasa da diplomatiaze mainc

aisaxeboda is gancda, rom Secdoma saqarTvelom

dauSva. Tbiliss mainc bedma gauRima, radgan

evrokavSirs sarkozis msgavsi Zlieri lideri

edga saTaveSi; Tumca, parizis garkveuli skepticizmic

xazgasasmelia. manamde, zogadad saqarTvelos

sakiTxebSi, parizi, ase vTqvaT, mTavar

moTamaSed ver CaiTvleboda da Tavad sarkozic

naklebad iyo Caxeduli saqmis viTarebaSi da

arc mainc da mainc anaRvlebda saqarTvelo.

mas eSinoda, rom omi aramarto saqarTvelos

daangrevda, aramed evropisa da

ruseTis xangrZliv gaucxoebasac daudebda

saTaves. umniSvnelovanesi iyo dapi rispirebis,

rac SeiZleba, swrafad dasruleba.

safrangeTs surda, ar daeSva saqarTvelos

damarcxeba da am qveynis okupacia, magram

parizisTvis isic uaRresac mniSvnelovani

gaxldaT, dasavleTisa da ruseTis urTierToba

axali civi omis fazaSi ar gadasuliyo,

anu sasworze axla Tavad evropis

interesebi ido.

pekinSi putinTan civi saubris Semdeg sarkozim

mTeli Zalisxmeva medvedevTan saerTo enis

gamonaxvisken mimarTa. wina wlis gazafxulze,

moskovidan dabrunebulma safrangeTis sagareo

saqmeTa ministrma, bernar kuSnerma sarkozis

uTxra _ medvedevi putins ar hgavs, is

rusebis axali Taobis warmomadgenelia da

savaraudod, is kaci, visTanac `saqmis keTeba~

SeiZlebao. 2008 wlis gazafxulze da zafxulSi

sarkozim ramdenime sauzme gamarTa frang inteleqtualebsa

da JurnalistebTan, sadac imasac

gausva xazi, ruseTTan urTierTobaSi rogor

apirebda aqcenti ufro medvedevze gadaetana

da ara putinze. ase apirebda igi sakuTari

winasaprezidento saarCevno kampaniis dros putinis

sawinaaRmdego gancxadebebis dabalansebas im

lideris imijTan, visac ruseTTan saerTo enis

gamonaxvis Zala Seswevda.

roca parizi iniciativiT gamovida, sarkozis

surs, moskovSi Camovides da cecxlis Sewyvetis

Taobaze molaparakeba gamarToso, medvedevi

dauyovnebliv dadebiTad gamoepasuxa; Tumca

ki, viTareba mainc sarikso Canda: saqarTvelos

armia dezintegracias ganicdida, ruseTis SeiaraRebuli

Zalebi ki Tbilisidan sul ramdenime

saaTis savalze idgnen. marTalia, medvedevis

moTxovnebi omis dasrulebis pirobebTan dakav-

SirebiT imxanad jer kidev ar gulisxmobda

saqarTveloSi reJimis Secvlas da ruseTis

prezidentma erTgvari mzadyofnac ki gamoxata,

saomari moqmedebebis dawyebamde arsebul status-kvos

dabruneboda, magram safrangeTis dazvervas

moepoveboda saubris Canawerebi, sadac

saqarTveloSi myofi generlebi kremls moaxsenebdnen,

Tbilisisaken gza xsniliao da nebar-

Tvasac iTxovdnen dedaqalaqisken dasaZvrelad.

rogorc Cans, Tavad moskovSi am nebarTvis

micemasTan dakavSirebiT Tanxmoba ar arsebobda.

vaSingtonisa ar iyos, verc parizi mixvda,

realurad ra amocanas isaxavda ruseTis xelisufleba.

moskovSi Casul safrangeTis prezidents

saqarTvelos dedaqalaqi aRebuli rom daxvedroda,

es gamousworebeli diplomatiuri

marcxi iqneboda piradad misTvis, magram

wausvleloba da Tbilisis bedis anabara

mitovebac, ise, rom evrokavSirs araferi

ecada, aseve uaRresad saxifaTo Canda.

safrangeTis saxelmwifo uSiSroebis mrCeveli

Jan-david leviti, Tavidan prezidents eubneboda,

moskovSi vizitisgan Tavi SeikaveT,

radgan didi albaToba arsebobs, mag droisTvis

mosaxdeni ukve momxdari iyoso.

Pparizma moskovs amgvari gzavnili miawoda:

safrangeTis prezidenti mzadaa ruseTSi Casas-

8


vlelad, oRond imTaviTve acxadebs, rom ruse-

Tis qmedebebs verafriT daeTanxmebao. sarkozis

Casvlas mxolod im SemTxvevaSi eqneboda azri,

Tu konfliqtis mogvarebis gza gamoinaxeboda

da omic evropisTvis misaRebi pirobebiT dasruldeboda.

vizitamde sarkozim da medvedevma

oTxjer isaubres telefoniT, maTma mTavarma

mrCevelebma ki _ bevrad metjerac.

sarkozi or winapirobas ayenebda: jer

erTi, cecxli mis Casvlamde unda Sewyvetiliyo

da meore _ moskovs SeiaraRebuli

Zalebi Tbilisisken ar unda daeZra.

medvedevma daarwmuna frangi kolega _

imisTvis ar gepatiJebi, uxerxul mdgomareobaSi

Cagagdoo da orive am winapirobis

Sesrulebas daTanxmda.

magram, sinamdvileSi, vin ganagebda kremls

_ medvedevi, putini Tu samxedroebis raime

dajgufeba? roca sarkozi 12 agvistos, gamTeniisas

moskovisken gafrinda, srulebiTac ar

iyo darwmunebuli, rom mis moTxovnebs mar-

Tlac gauwevdnen angariSs.

amasobaSi bernar kuSneri saqarTvelosken gamoemarTa

viTarebis adgilze gasacnobad. mas humanitaruli

krizisebisa da ltolvilebis daxmarebis

sakiTxebze muSaobis didi gamocdileba

hqonda. masTan erTad euTo-s warmomadgeneli,

fineTis sagareo saqmeTa ministr aleqs stubic

moemgzavreboda. igi axalgazrda, qarizmatuli

lideri iyo, cnobili Tavisi blogiT. magram,

swored euTo da ara safrangeTi axorcielebda

sadamkvirveblo misias samxreT oseTis teritoriaze,

hqonda dajavSnuli manqanebi, hyavda TanamSromlebi

adgilze da icnobda garemos. sxva-

Ta Soris, 7 agvistos saRamos, swored stubma

dawera Tavis veb-gverdze, rom yvelaze uaresis

SiSi hqonda da meore dRes omic daiwyo...

stubi kuSners daukavSirda da SeTanxmdnen, rom

TbilisSi erTad Cavidodnen, rogorc evrokav-

Sirisa da euTos warmomadgenlebi. maTi Camosvlisas,

9 agvistos RamiT, ruseTi ukve mTeli

qveynis masStabiT bombavda sxvadasxva samizneebs,

ramdenime yumbara ki Tbilisis saerTaSoriso

aeroportis siaxlovesac daeca _ ministrebis

TviTmfrinavis miwaze dDaSvebamde sul raRac

erTi saaTiT adre.

CamosvlisTanave isini saakaSvilTan Sexvedraze

miiwvies, Sexvedris Semdeg ki vaxSamze, restoran

`kopalaSi~. sufrasTan saubari cecxlis

dauyovnebliv Sewyvetas exeboda da mTel am

scenas erTgvari siurealizmis elferi dahkravda

_ qveyanaSi omi iyo gaCaRebuli, Tbiliss

ki araferi etyoboda da xalxic erToboda _

ZiriTadad restornebSi atarebda dros! roca

kuSnerma da stubma es gaikvirves, saakaSvilma

urCia _ gorSi CadiT da Tqveni TvaliT

naxeT, ras niSnavs omio... magram SuaRames gadacilebuli

iyo da stumrebmac dilamde mocda

amjobines. meore diliT euTo-s jgufebma,

romelTac safrangeTi da fineTi xelmZRvanelobda,

cecxlis Sewyvetis dokumentis Savi varianti

moamzades. daaxloebiT, dilis aT saaTze teqstTan

dakavSirebiT SeTanxmebasac miaRwies

saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa ministr ekaterine

tyeSelaSvilTan, romelmac am postze gela

beJuaSvili Secvala sul ramdenime TviT adre.

magram, gaCnda problema: moskovSi waRebamde

am dokumentze saakaSvilis xelmowera

iyo aucilebeli, mas ki, Cveulebisamebr

RamenaTevs, axlac Rrma ZiliT eZina;

TanaSemweebma ki am SemTxvevaSic ver gabedes

misi gaRviZeba. saqarTvelos prezidentma

oriod saaTis mere, 12:14 sT-ze

moawera xeli dokuments.

kuSneri da stubi, rogorc iqna, gorSi

Cavidnen, sadac rusebis dabombvis Sedegad

qalaqisaTvis miyenebuli ziani sakuTari TvaliT

ixiles. am etapze zarali zomieri iyo, magram

qarTvelebma mere vizitis amsaxveli kadrebi

(stili daculia)

qalbatono lela,

ufali gfaravdeT, amin!

miviRe Tqveni pasuxi Cems SekiTxvaze. Tavidan

SemeSinda. megona, Cemi saSveli ar aris-Tqo,

magram roca wavikiTxe, seriozulad cudad

gavxdi sixarulisgan.

qalbatono lela, bolo aTi wlis ganmav-

ruseTis winaaRmdeg e.w. `sapiaro brZolebSi~

mainc kargad gamoiyenes.

kuSneri da stubi xelaxal Sexvedras moskovSi

gegmavdnen _ rusebisaTvis cecxlis Sewyvetis

Taobaze xelSekrulebis warsadgenad;

Tumca, kuSners moulodnelad parizidan daukav-

Sirdnen, ris Semdegac man, cota ar iyos,

yurebi Camoyara da stubs uTxra, Sin raRac

`administraciuli problema~ gamomiCndao. rogorc

gamoirkva, elises sasaxlem mas mtkicebulebebis

moZieba daavala. safrangeTis xelisuflebas

ar surda cecxlis Sewyvetis Taobaze mxolod

qarTul mxaresTan SeTanxmebuli teqstiT Semofargluliyo.

am droisaTvis sarkozis ukve

gadawyvetili hqonda mosalaparakeblad moskovSi

Casvla da ar undoda ruseTisaTvis

saZulvel pirovnebasTan misi piradi monawileobis

gareSe TbilisSi SeTanxmebuli dokumentiT

yofiliyo xelfexSekruli. stubi maSinve

mixvda euTosa da fineTis roli ukve

amowuruliao, Tumca Tavs imiT inugeSebda,

fineTma cecxlis Sewyvetis xelSekrulebis

proeqtis momzadebaSi xom mainc Seitana wvlilio.

maSin man araferi icoda imis Sesaxeb,

rom zemoxsenebul Jan-david levits parizSi

ukve sakuTari proeqtic moemzadebina.

da mainc, realuri problema, SeiZleba, is

gamxdariyo, rom moskovi araviTar proeqts ar

daTanxmeboda. kuSneri Tbilisidan gaemgzavra

da marto Cavida vladikavkazSi _ CrdiloeT

oseTis dedaqalaqSi, romelic istoriulad

moskovis samxedro forposts warmoadgenda da

saidanac man erT dros mTeli amierkavkasiis

dapyroba ganaxorciela. mas ukve nanaxi hyavda

qarTveli devnilebi gorSi da axla surda is

osebic moenaxulebina, romlebmac sazRvari gadakveTes

da ruseTs Seafares Tavi. man Semzaravi

istoriebi moismina _ rogor bombavda SuaRamisas

qarTuli artileria maT sacxovreblebs, ra

Seteva mohyva amas im sardafebSi xelyumbarebis

Seyris CaTvliT, sadac isini afarebdnen Tavs.

kuSners maTi Nnaambobi damajereblad moeCvena

da safuZvelic ar gasCenia, ar erwmuna. es

yovelive omis daundobeli simarTlis nawili

gaxldaT, ramac kidev ufro ganumtkica imis

gancda, rom saqarTvelom ugunuri qmedeba Caidina

da moraluri upiratesobac dakarga.

ltolvilTa banakisken mimaval frangul delegaciebs

gzad rusuli javSanteqnikisa da fexosnebis

grZeli kolona Semoxvda, romelic rokis

gvirabiT samxreTisken, saqarTvelosken miemarTeboda.

es marTlac STambeWdavi sanaxaoba gaxldaT.

franguli delegacia ukve vladikavkazSi imyofeboda,

roca maT safrangeTis elCma saqarTveloSi,

erik furniem daureka da omis ukanaskneli ambebi

acnoba; mere sTxova, saqarTvelos ruka aeRoT,

zed ori patara qalaqi epovaT da maT Soris

xazi gaevloT. swored am xazze gadioda ukve

ruseTis armiis mewinave poziciebi da naTlad

Canda, rom saqarTvelo Suaze iyo gayofili.

roca mere fanjridan saqarTvelosken mimavali

ruseTis damatebiTi Zalebis usasrulo rigs

gaxedes, TvalnaTliv dainaxes ruseTis samxedro

Zalaca da saqarTvelos winaSe mdgomi realuri

safrTxec. Tuki ruseTi am Zalis amoqmedebas

gadawyvetda, saqarTvelos saqme wasuli iyo.

franguli xedvis Camoyalibebaze orma faqtorma

iqonia gavlena, roca imave dRes sarkozi

pirispir Sexvda medvedevsa da putins: saqarTvelo

aSkarad udidesi gansacdeli winaSe idga da

aucilebeli iyo qveynis gadarCena,

magram parizi imaSic darwmunebuli iyo,

rom saakaSvili daufiqreblad Caeba omSi

da Tavi marTlac iseT gauwonasworebel

liderad warmoaCina, rogoradac manmade

bevri axasiaTebda kidec.

parizis gadasaxedidan, Seqmnil viTarebaze

pasuxismgebloba, nawilobriv, Tbilissac ekisreboda

mkiTxvelis mkiTxvelis fosta

fosta

lobaSi, Svilis dabadebis garda, ise ar

gamxarebia araferi, rogorc Tqveni pasuxi

Cems kiTxvaze, romelmac, faqtiurad, daCoqils

siZneleebisa da simwrisgan, damcirebulsa

da TiTqmis cocxal gvamad qceuls

daalevina Tqvengan wamosuli energiiT savse

kamkama wyali, romelic momcems Zalas gavsworde

welSi, gadavlaxo damcirebac, siZnelec,

SeviSro Tvalze uimedobis cremli da rac

mTavaria, gavixaro Cems ojaxTan erTad.

Tqven, qalbatono lela, damibruneT rwmena,

cxovrebis azri da simwris cremli

sixarulis cremlma Secvala. ufalma daglocoT,

qalbatono lela, rom xarT

Cveulebriv xalxTan erTad, qarTvelebTan

erTad da mTel saqarTvelosTan erTad,

rom uimedo xalxs ubrunebT im imeds,

romelic ar unda davkargoT adamianebma.

didi madloba!

Tqven gaixareT, idRegrZeleT, imisTvis,

rom giyvarT Tqveni da saerTod, Cveni

lamazi da patara saqarTvelo, giyvarT Tqveni

eri da guli SegtkivaT yvela gaWirvebulze

da gsurT, rom Cvens qveyanaSi ar

_ frangebis azriT, amiT saakaSvilisTvis

imis dabruneba ki ar unda ecadaT, rac omiT

dakarga, aramed es omi SeeCerebinaT, saqarTvelo

gadaerCinaT da am patara qveynis gamo

dasavleTisa da ruseTis axali civi omis

dawyeba gamoericxaT. frangebis mier dasaxuli

amocanebis sworad gaazreba gadamwyvetia

imaSi gasarkvevad, Tu ra moxda moskovSi im

saRamos.

sarkozis gamgzavrebamde parizs, cxadia, mWidro

kontaqtebi hqonda, rogorc sakuTar partniorebTan

evrokavSirSi, aseve vaSingtonTanac.

mTavari sakiTxi imis garkveva iyo, ra amocanebs

daisaxavda sarkozi da cecxlis Sewyvetis pirobebidan

gamomdinare, ra CaiTvleboda safrangeTis

warmatebad. zustad aravin icoda, ra miznebs

isaxavda am omSi ruseTi, magram misi armiis

Semdgomi winsvla sul ufro aZlierebda safrTxes,

rom moskovis mada kidev ufro gaizrdeboda.

dasavleTisTvis erTxmad miuRebeli iyo

saqarTveloSi reJimis Secvla; arsebobda Tanxmoba

imasTan dakavSirebiTac, rom ruseTi adrindel

samxedro status-kvos unda dabruneboda.

saakaSvilis mkacrad gakritikebis miuxedavad,

medvedevma sarkozisac da buSsac orive zemoxsenebuli

principis gasaziareblad Tavisi mzadyofna

daudastura. axla saqme is gaxldaT,

ramdenad daicavda igi am pirobas da droulad

Tu miiRebda saTanado zomebs. mesame da

saboloo amocana krizisis kidev ufro gaRrmavebis

aRkveTas gulisxmobda da aseve ruse-

Tis darwmunebas, raoden mcdari iyo misi

nabiji; Sesabamisad, im garantiis miRebasac,

rom msgavsi qmedebebi SemdgomSi sxva mezoblis

mimarTac ar iqneboda ganxorcielebuli.

mTeli am xnis ganmavlobaSi parizi da

vaSingtoni SeTanxmebulad moqmedebdnen. roca

amerikam gadawyvita sadaveebi evropisaTvis daeTmo,

es sulac ar niSnavda imas, TiTqos man kuluaruli

diplomatiis warmarTvazec aiRo xeli.

moskovis mimarT saWiro poziciis TvalsazrisiT,

parizma da vaSingtonma, ase vTqvaT,

`kargi da cudi policielis~ rolebi

gainawiles. amis miuxedavad, elises sasaxlesa

da TeTr saxls bolomde SeTanxmebuli

hqondaT xedvaca da zogadi moTxovnebic.

sarkozim da buSma samjer isaubres da

Sejerdnen, rom atlantis okeanis orive sanapiroze

viTarebas erTnairad aRiqvamdnen da

sarkozis misiasac yvela erTnairad afasebda.

moskovSi gamgzavrebamde, bolo saubrisas, sarkozim

buSs uTxra kidec: `jorj, mixaria, rom Cvens

Soris es laparaki Sedga. CvenTvis ukve dResaviT

cxadia yvelaferi~.

magram, diplomatiaSi arsebobs uZvelesi

wesi: vinc realurad awarmoebs molaparakebebs

da Canawerebsac akontrolebs, bolo

sityvac misia. sinamdvileSi, vaSingtoni, mxolod

`taqsiSi ybedi mgzavris~ rols asrulebda

da im saqmis lomis wili, rac

cecxlis Sewyvetis pirobebze ruseTis da-

Tanxmebasa da maTi jarebis gamoyvanas gulisxmobda,

parizs unda etvirTa _ vaSingtonisa

da zogadad, SeerTebuli Statebis roli

arc unda gamOCeniliyo, anu saWe sarkozis

etrialebina, oRond, buSis arCeuli gziT

evlo. roca sarkozi moskovSi gaemgzavra,

TeTr saxlSi miiCnies, rom yvelaferi Se-

Zlebisdagvarad iyo gaTvlili;

administraciam icoda, raoden Zlieri

da Sedegze gamiznuli lideri gaxldaT

safrangeTis prezidenti, isic kargad moexseneboda,

rom am Soumenis niWiT dajildoebul

adamians Seelo, diplomatiis niuansebi

pirovnuli xibliT gadaefara,

Tan is ambavic aSfoTebda, rom elises

sasaxle da safrangeTis sagareo saqmeTa saministro

mTlad unisonSi ar `mRerodnen~.

iyvnen gaWirvebulebi. uRrmesi madloba yuradRebisTvis,

imisTvis, rom migzavniT energias,

raTa SeveWido Cems problemebs da

mixsniT yvela kars, rom SevZlo gadavlaxo

es `cudi palasa~.

deda da mama naadrevad davkarge, im

dros, roca maTi Tanadgoma da rCeva mWirdeboda

da Tqven Tqveni pasuxiT maZlevT

rCevas, rom Wkuis saswavlebelia is, rac

moxda. Tu ar gewyinebaT, Tqvens rCevas

miviReb ise, rogorc dedis rCevas.

minda daviCoqo muxlebze da dagikocnoT

xelebi, qalbatono lela. didi madloba!

P.S.

albaT, Zalian SegawuxeT, magram TqvenTan

saubriT vgrZnob Zalis matebas, imedi da

rwmena mibrundeba.

RmerTma daglocoT, amin!

d. kobaxiZe

(werilidan amoRebulia mozrdili monakveTi,

vinaidan masSi adresanti piradi cxovrebis

erT-erT epizods aRwers).

9


internet-media

gasuli wlis meore naxevarSi ruseTi da

aSS gamudmebiT cdilobdnen politikurad

`daekbinaT~ erTmaneTi, Tumca yvelaze didi

rezonansi im gadawyvetilebebs mohyva, romlebic

am saxelmwifoebma 2012 wlis bolos

miiRes. aSS prezidentis, baraq obamas mier

14 dekembers xelmowerili, egreT wodebuli,

`magnitskis aqtis~ sapasuxod (rac im rusi

Cinovnikebis mimarT sanqciebs gulisxmobs,

romlebic iurist mag-

nitskis cixeSi gardacvalebis

faqts ukav-

Sirdebian), dumam 19 dekembers

spontanurad miiRo

kanoni, romelic

amerikis moqalaqeebs

ruseTidan bavSvebis

Svilad ayvanas ukrZalavs.

amas garda, rogorc

11 dekembers dumis Tavmjdomarem

nikolai nariSkinma

ganacxada, ruseTis

parlamentis gadawyvetilebiT,

qveyanaSi aikrZala im amerikuli

xorcis importi, romelic raktopamins (kvebiTi

danamati, romelic oTxfexa saqonlis

kunTovani masis gazrdas uwyobs xels. _

red.) Seicavs. arsebiTad, es amerikul xorcze

srulad uaris Tqmas niSnavs, vinaidan

aSS-Si raktopamini usafrTxod miiCneva da

farTod gamoiyeneba mecxoveleobaSi. 20 dekembers

ki prezidentma putinma kidev erTxel

Seaxsena sazogadoebas, rom amerikuli

raketsawinaaRdego sistemis gafarToeba evropaSi

safrTxes uqmnis ruseTis birTvul

potencials da amitom moskovi yovelTvis

amis winaaRmdegi iqneba.

ruseT-amerikis amJamindeli urTierTobebis

safuZvelze SesaZlebelia ramdenime varaudis

gamoTqma. pirveli: iluzia maT Soris urTierTobebis

`gadatvirTvis~ Taobaze unda

gaifantos. am or did `derJavas~ yovelTvis

gansxvavebuli strategiuli interesebi hqondaT

da kvlav aqvT, amitom, adre Tu gvian,

isini mainc miiRebdnen meore mxarisTvis miuRebel

gadawyvetilebebs. sxva sityvebiT rom

vTqvaT, `megobrobaze~ saubars gardauvlad

mohyveboda pragmatuli politikuri nabijebi,

Tavisi dadebiTi Tu uaryofiTi SedegebiT;

meore: `gadatvirTvis~ politikis moqmedebis

mTeli periodis ganmavlobaSi ruseTma

da aSS-m erTi nabijiTac ki ver waiwies win

mTel rig sakamaTo sakiTxebSi. magaliTad,

amerikuli raketsawinaaRmdego sistemis evropaSi

ganTavsebis Taobaze mxareebma veranair SeTanxmebas

ver miaRwies. sajildao qvad rCeba

situacia siriaSi (ruseTi kvlavac ganagr-

Zobs siriis mmarTveli reJimis momaragebas

sabrZolo iaraRiT da CineTTan erTad blokavs

dasavlur iniciativebs gaeros uSiSroebis

sabWoSi). amas garda, moskovi mtkivneulad

reagirebs aSS-is iniciativebze, romlebic

2012 weli, 16 noemberi.

pitsburgi. kremli akvirdeba, evropa amboxebulia,

xolo mavans uCndeba eWvi, rom

moskovi saidumlod afinansebs dasavleTis

strategiuli gegmebis CasaSlel kampanias.

es civi omisdroindeli filmi ar gaxlavT.

saubaria aSS-Si gazis mopovebis mZlavr

zrdaze. amgvari zrdis politikuri Sedegebi

xom kolosaluria.

burRvis teqnologia,

romelsac fiqalis hidravlikuri

rRveva hqvia, dominos

principiT azanzarebs

msoflio energetikul bazrebs

vaSingtonidan moskov-pekinamde.

mavani manamde

warmoudgenel rames

winaswarmetyvelebs: rom

aSS-s uaxloes momavalSi

aRar mouwevs bunebrivi

internet-media internet-media

aivaras bagdonasi: `axali etapi ruseTamerikis

urTierTobis gacivebaSi~

postsabWoTa qveynebSi demokratizaciisa da

samoqalaqo sazogadoebis ganviTarebas exeba

(maT Soris, Tavad ruseTis federaciaSic).

kremli am iniciativebs ruseTisa da misi

gavlenis qveS myofi saxelmwifoebis saSinao

saqmeebSi Carevis mcdelobad ganixilavs.

am da sxva politikurma sakiTxebma araer-

Ti laxvari Casca rusul-amerikul urTier-

Tobebs. amasTan, aRsaniSnavia, rom aSS-is

mier adre

ruseTTan urTierTobis, `gadatvirTvis~

politikis dasrulebas vxedav.

arcerTi mxare ar aris gulwrfeli

erTmaneTis mimarT, roca

keTilmegobrul urTierTobebze laparakoben.

ruseTi, rogorc yovelTvis,

amerikas #1 mtrad miiCnevs. ase iyo

da ase iqneba yovelTvis.

lela kakulia

2008 weli, 9 marti.

airis importireba da rom ruseTi didad

wagebuli aRmoCndeba.

`swored aq dgeba Tavdayira yvelaferi~,

_ ambobs eqsperti fiona hili. _ `ruse-

Tis batonoba gazis evropul bazrebze warsulSi

rCeba~.

am dros nebismierma qveyanam _ energoresursebis

myidvelia is Tu gamyidveli

_ SeiZleba moigos an waagos.

`aSs-is, ruseTisa da CineTis fortunac

da agreTve maTi msoflioze zegavlenis moxdenis

miRebul

g a d a w -

yvetilebaTAgan

arcerTi

y o f i l a

vladimer putinisTvisimgvaradsaxi

f a T o ,

rogoric

aris `magn

i t s k i s

a q t i ~ .

eqspertTa SefasebiT, am aqtma ubralod gaacofa

moskovi.

kremlis mkveTri reaqcia am aqtTan dakav-

SirebiT, ruseTis xelisuflebis sistemas ukav-

Sirdeba. aravisTvisaa saidumlo, rom korufcia

ruseTSi mTel saxelmwifo manqanaSia

gamjdari (sakmarisia berezovskis, gusinskisa

da sxva rusi oligarqebis xmauriani saqmeebisa

da agreTve bevri politikosis samwuxaro

gamocdilebis, aseve sazogado moRvaweebisa

da saSualo rgolis bi-

znesmenebis magaliTebis

gaxseneba, ramac uamravi metnaklebad

SeZlebuli adamiani

aiZula, qonebis nawili

dasavleTSi Seenaxa).

aqedan gamomdinare, `magnitskis

aqtiT~ gaTvaliswinebuli

sanqciebi aryevs

putinis xelisuflebas: rusi

Cinovnikebis SiSs dasavleT-

Si `persona nongratad~

gamocxadebis winaSe, Seu-

Zlia welSi gadatexos putinis

cnobili vertikali,

romelic usityvo morCilebas

efuZneba.

amgvarad, amerikis SeerTebulma

Statebma ruse-

Tis prezidents pirdapir,

e.w. mzis wnulSi miayena

dartyma. amitom miamitoba

iyo imis molodini, rom ruseTi am nabijs

upasuxod datovebda. TumcaRa, ormxriv gamoxdomaTa

politikam SesaZloa politikuri da

ekonomikuri winaaRmdegobebis spiralis amoZravebamde

miiyvanos saqme, rac kidev ufro

gaarTulebs or qveyanas Soris isedac gamwvavebul

urTierTobebs.

movlenebis amgvari ganviTarebisgan Tavis

arideba SesaZlebelia (Teoriulad mainc), Tuki

ruseTi da amerika dialogs daiwyeben iseT

sakiTxebze, romlebSic Sexebis wertilebi

moiZebneba. magram msgavsi dialogis survili

ar SeiniSneba. ufro metic, ruseTi ganagr-

Zobs asadis gadarCenisTvis brZolas da

ganzraxuli aqvs momavalSic aqtiurad ebrZolos

iranis winaaRmdeg mimarTul amerikul

antisaraketo sistemis ganviTareba-gafarToebas.

da es yvelaferi SeerTebul StatebTan

TanamSromlobis Tanmimdevruli programis

ararsebobis fonze. eqspert ariel qoenis

azriT, ruseTis mmarTvel elitas mTeli

yuradReba aSS-sTaan urTierTobis negatiur

aspeqtebze gadaaqvs, planze swevs ormxrivi

politikisTvis aqtualur sakiTxebs da sazogadoebaSi

qmnis miTs amerikis, rogorc

umTavresi sagareo mtris Sesaxeb.

vaSingtoni ver SeZlebs rameniri gavlena

moaxdinos moskovis amgvar poziciaze. erTi

mxriv, aSS ar flobs im berketebs, romelTa

meSveobiTac ruseTSi situacias Secvlida,

meore mxriv, prezidentobis meore vadis

ganmavlobaSi obamas mouwevs yuradReba mTeli

datvirTviT gaamaxvilos Sida politikaze,

raTa `fiskaluri garRvevis~ problemebi

gadaWras. Sesabamisad, is iZulebuli iqneba,

bevrad naklebi dro dauTmos ruseTTan dialogs.

daskvnis saxiT SeiZleba vTqvaT, rom ruseTamerikas

Soris `gadatvirTva~ raRac Zalian

gaiwela da misi perspeqtivebi Zalze bundo-

magnitskis kanoni (igive magnitskis sia da

magnitskis aqti), gaxlavT 2012 wlis dekemberSi

aSS-Si miRebuli kanoni, romelic personalur

sanqciebs (aSS sazRvris gadakveTa, aSS-is bankebSi

arsebuli finansuri aqtivebis dayadaReba)

akisrebs im pirebs, romlebic pasuxismgebelni

arian adamianis uflebaTa da uflebis uzenaesobis

principis darRvevaze. kanons saxeli

ewoda cixeSi gardacvlili iuristis, sergei

magnitskis gvaris mixedviT, romlis gardacvalebaSic

zemoT naxsenebi pirebi arian braldebulni.

siaSi Sesulia Sss, gamoZiebis federaluri

biuros, federaluri sagadasaxado samsaxuris,

saarbitraJo sasamarTlos, generaluri

prokuraturisa da sasjelaRsrulebis federaluri

samsaxuris 60 Cinovnikis gvari. 2012 wlis

14 dekembers `magnitskis kanons~ xeli moawera

aSS prezidentma baraq obamam.

vania. `magnitskis aqtma~ kidev metad gaamwvava

or qveyanas Soris politikuri uTanxmoebebi.

imis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom situaciis Sesacvlelad

arc argumentebi Cans da arc misaRebi

zomebi, gamoricxuli ar aris, rom amerikis

SeerTebul Statebsa da ruseTs Soris axlo

momavalSi urTierToba kidev ufro gacivdes.

kevin begosi: ,,gazis bumi aSS-Si.

ruseTi - mTavar wagebulTa Soris?~

unari didwiladaa damokidebuli gazis globalur

bazrebze Seqmnil viTarebaze~. aseTi

daskvna gaakeTa harvardis universitetTan

arsebulma kenedis saxelobis saxelmwifo mar-

Tvis skolam Tavis moxsenebaSi.

es istoria ramdenime wlis win daiwyo,

roca gazis mopovebis mowinave teqnologiebis

wyalobiT,

gazisa da navTobis sakiTxi daregulirdeba.

amerikac Rebulobs iseT

zomebs, rom am problemebs didi xniT

gadawyvets.

lela kakulia

SesaZlebeli

g a x d a

fiqaluri

g a z i s

uzarmazari

sabados aRmoCenapensilvaniasa

da teqsasSi.

eqspertebivarau-

dobdnen, rom amerikaSi gazi Tavdeboda,

magram am aRmoCenis Semdeg bazarze fiqalurma

gazma daiwyo Semodineba da fasebic mkveTrad

daeca.

ruseTi gazs didi moculobiT yidda

evropasa da sxva qveynebSi arsebul pirobiT

fulad erTeulTan 10 dolaris SefardebiT,

xolo aSS-Si imave moculobis gazi daaxloebiT

3 dolari Rirs. hoda, msoflios

energetikulma kompaniebma da politikosebmac

yuradReba miaqcies amgvar maTematikas.

zogierTi evropuli saxelmwifo im momavalze

alaparakda, rodesac rusuli gazis

wili Semcirdeba. 2009 wels ruseTma TiTqmis

ori kviriT Seuwyvita gazmomarageba

evropis 15-ze met saxelmwifos da isinic

iZulebulebi Seiqnen, saswrafod daewyoT

energiis alternatiuli wyaros Zebna.

finansuri fsonebi am TamaSSi uzomod

maRalia. ruseTis energetikulma korporacia

`gazpromma~, romelsac saxelmwifo afinansebs,

gasul wels mogebis saxiT 44 miliardi

dolari miiRo. es kompania msoflioSi yvelaze

met bunebriv airs moipovebs, xolo

misi mniSvnelovani nawili sxva saxelmwifoebSi

gaaqvs.

magram gasul TveSi `gazpromma~ uari Tqva

sakuTar gegmebze, daemuSavebina axali sabadoebi

arqtikaSi da ganacxada, rom axla

Cadebuli investiciebi ar amoigeba. korporaciis

ukanasknelma finansurma moxsenebam

aCvena, rom misi mogeba TiTqmis 25 procentiT

daeca.

am strategiul potencialze winasaarCevno

kampaniisas prezidentobis kandidatebic laparakobdnen.

`respublikeli~ miT romni ambobda,

rom gaatarebda imgvar politikas, romelic

xels Seuwyobda `ruseTis energetikuli wyarosgan

evropis damokidebulebis Sesustebas~.

baraq obamam ki ganacxada, rom SeerTebuli

(gagrZeleba gv.11)

10


(dasawyisi gv.10)

Statebi daamuSavebs `pirdapir fexqveS mdebare

bunebrivi airis sabadoebs, romlebic

as wels iqneba sakmarisi~, da romelTa wyalobiTac

`2020 wlisTvis gazis importi

aSS-Si ganaxevrdeba, xolo mxolod gazis

sferoSi 600 000 adamiani dasaqmdeba~.

poloneTis garemos dacvis saministrom ki

`asoSeiTed press~ ganucxada, rom `fiqaluri

gazis mopovebis gazrda evropaSi Seamcirebs

bunebrivi airis imports alJiridan da ruseTidan~.

am sakiTxs yuradReba miaqcies kremlis

umaRles wreebSic. 2011 wels vladimer

putini mediisa da samecniero sferos warmomadgenlebs

xvdeboda. erTaderTi momenti,

rodesac is realurad CaerTo saubarSi,

dadga maSin, rodesac putinma gadawyvita,

msmenelTaTvis aexsna, Tu ramdenad saxifaToa

fiqalis hidravlikuri rRveva. `gazpromis~

faswarmoqmnisa da saeqsporto kontraqtebis

ganyofilebis xelmZRvanelma sergei komlevma

aRiara, rom cota xnis win marTlac hqonda

adgili fasebis mkveTr dacemas, TumcaRa

iqve ivarauda, rom gazi aSS-idan evropaSi

didi raodenobiT ar Seva. sxva sityvebiT,

Tu moTxovna bunebriv airze gaizrdeba, ruseTs

kidev ufro gaumravldeba potenciuri myidvelebi

misi uzarmazari rezervebis wyalobiT.

man iqve isic aRniSna, rom fiqaluri

mkiTxvelTa mkiTxvelTa sayuradRebod!

sayuradRebod!

`winaswarmetyvelebam ar icis qmari da Svili, axlobeli da

megobari. Cven vambobT imas, rasac vxedavT da gveubnebian...

miiReT miiReT ise, ise, rogorc rogorc vw vwinaswarmetyveleb!

vw inaswarmetyveleb!

inaswarmetyveleb!~

inaswarmetyveleb!

wesebis sruli dacviT, nimuSis mixedviT SeavseT winamdebare

anketa; miitaneT an gagzavneT igi daviT aRmaSeneblis

gamziris #44-Si mdebare qalaqis mTavar fostaSi (safosto

indeqsi 0102) boris quTaTelaZis saxelze, `mokiTxvamde~.

anketis Sevsebisas yuradReba gaamaxvileT Semdeg niuansebze:

aucilebelia miuTiToT namdvili (sapasporto) saxeli da

wlovaneba; erT anketaSi dasviT erTi konkretuli

kiTxva, romelic Seexeba Tqvens pirad cxovrebas da ara

politikas (SegiZliaT gamogzavnoT anketebis ganusazRvreli

raodenoba, mxolod axali nomrebidan amoWrili).

zogadi Sinaarsis SekiTxvebs (mag. `ra melis momavalSi?~)

da gaurkvevel, rTulad wasakiTx gzavnils pasuxi ar

gaecema.

fostis waReba moxdeba yoveli Tvis 25 ricxvisTvis.

pasuxs miiRebT el-fostis meSveobiT Tvis bolomde,

misamarTze, romelsac miuTiTebT anketaSi.

P.S. gTxovT ar gamogzavnoT anketis qseroaslebi

da kiTxvebi, romlebic dakavSirebulia Sav magiasTan.

aseT SekiTxvebs pasuxi ar gaecema. redaqcia

gazi ufro met zians ayenebs garemos, vidre

organuli saTbobis sxva saxeobebi.

saerTaSoriso konsaltinguri kompaniis `feis

globalis~ aRmasrulebeli vice-prezidenti jeims

dimeri miiCnevs, rom fiqaluri gazis mopovebis

Rirebuleba aRemateba masze sabazro fass.

dimeris kompania am sakiTxs `gazpromisa~ da

Tavisi sxva klientebis interesebidan gamomdinare

swavlobs. dimeris prognoziT, `fiqaluri

gazis mopovebisTvis kapitaldabandeba aSS-Si

Sewydeba~ da fasebi gaizrdeba. dimerma ar

gaamxila, Tu ra tipis samuSaos asrulebs is

`gazpromisTvis~. `feis globali~ germanul

kompania `simenss~ ekuTvnis.

im faqtma, rom `feis globali~ `gazpromze~

muSaobs, garkveuli ukmayofileba

da gakvirveba gamoiwvia vaSingtonSi. xolo

eqsperti fiona hili aRniSnavs, rom gazis

sferos zogierTi evropeli mimomxilveli

fiqaluri gazis mopovebas esoden aqtiurad

imitom ewinaaRmdegeba, rom amas gazis bazarze

ruseTis wilis Semcireba mohyveba. `me

uamravi ram msmenia imis Taobaze, rom amgvar

mosazrebebs rusebi afinanseben, magram

damamtkicebeli dokumentebi ar gamaCnia~. _

acxadebs eqsperti da aRniSnavs, rom fiqaluri

gazis mopovebasTan dakavSirebul Worebs bevri

WeSmaritebad miiCnevs, vinaidan `gazpromi~

flobs araerT media-kompanias~ rogorc

nimuSi:

saxeli: eka (ekaterine) asaki: 19 w.

var abiturienti. vabareb turizmis fakultetze.

SekiTxva:

movewyobi Tu ara umaRles saswavlebelSi?

el-fosta (miuTiTeT miuTiTeT garkveviT garkveviT): garkveviT ekaterine@yahoo.com

saxeli: asaki:

SekiTxva:

el-fosta:

ruseTSi, ise evropaSi, xolo isini Tavis

mxriv aqveyneben statiebs im ekologiuri

riskebis Taobaze, romlebic fiqalis hidravlikur

rRvevas sdevs.

`gazpromi~ kategoriulad uaryofs mTel

am konspirologiur Teoriebs da acxadebs,

rom `yovelive es sruliad ar Seesabameba

kompaniis interesebs~.

amerikul energetikul kompaniebs Zalian

surT eqsportze gaitanon gazis produqcia.

`eqsportis dawyeba sxva qveynebs saSualebas

miscems mimarTon ruseTs fasebis dawevis

moTxovniT~, _ ambobs saxelmwifo politikis

institutis TanamSromeli kenet medloki,

_ `es molaparakebaTa magidasTan

msxdomTa pozicias cvlis. Tu yvelafer amas

daajamebT, gaogndebiT, imdenad uzarmazar

masStabebTan gvaqvs saqme~.

`amerikuli fiqaluri gazis gantolebaSi

arsebobs erTi uzarmazari ucnobi~, _

ambobs fiona hili, _ `ruseTisa da zogi

sxva saxelmwifosgan gansxvavebiT, arc saxelmwifos

da arc sxva nebismier kerZo

kompanias ar SeuZliaT gaakontrolon an

marTon es uxvi saCuqari. saqme Semdegia:

SeZlebs ki amerika gaakeTos is, rasac

akeTebs ruseTi? anu gamoiyenebs Tu ara

gazs SeerTebuli Statebi politikur instrumentad?~

rac rac ukve ukve moxda

moxda

(dasawyisi gv.6-7)

warsulSi Cven ukve gavamaxvileT yuradReba

Cernobilis atomur eleqtrosadgurze,

rodesac mkiTxvels

evropis saxelmwifos

mier miRebuli gadawyvetilebisTaobaze

vacnobeT. am

gadawyvetilebis

Tanaxmad, 2012 wlis

26 aprils unda

dawyebuliyo axali

damcavi sarkofagis

mSenebloba.

da ai, sul axlaxan,

ianvris Sua

ricxvebSi, avariis

likvidatorTa axalma

Taobam pirveli

miRwevebis Taobaze

informacia gamoaqveyna.

`gadalaxulia

pirveli mniSvnelovani

mijna, gadadgmulia

pirveli

seriozuli nabiji avariis gamoZaxilebis

aRsakveTad, rasac aqamde grZnoben ara mxolod

ukrainis, aramed mravali sxva qveynis

macxovreblebi~. _ ganacxada evropis ganvi-

Tarebisa da rekonstruqciis bankis prezidentma

batonma Cakrabartim. swored es banki

gaxlavT axali sarkofagis agebis erT-erTi

iniciatori da proeqtis umsxvilesi donori.

grandiozuli nageboba, romlis simaRle 108

metri, sigane 257 metri, xolo sigrZe 162

metri iqneba da romlis

TaRebqveSac uproblemod

gaimarTeba

Tavisuflebis qandakeba,

saukunovani gamZleobisa

iqneba da amiT,

praqtikulad, samudamod

gadaiWreba Cernobilis

problema. proeqtis gansaxorcieleblad

saWiro

samuSaoebis dafinansebaSi

40 donori saxelmwifoa

CarTuli da

1.54 miliardi evroa

gamoyofili.

pirveli sarkofagi

1986 wels, avariidan

umokles vadaSi aigo,

magram ramdenime wlis

Semdeg naTeli gaxda,

rom is ver akavebda

radiaciis gaJonvas.

marTalia, am faqtis miCqmalvas da problemis

uCumrad gadawyvetas karga xans cdilobdnen,

magram es SeuZlebeli aRmoCnda.

ris Semdegac evropis ganviTarebisa da rekonstruqciis

bankma xali sarkofagis aSenebaze

tenderi gamoacxada. tenderSi frangulma

konsorciumma `novarkam~ gaimarjva. Tumca im

momentSi mSeneblobisTvis saWiro Tanxebs

Tavi ver mouyares da proeqtis ganxorcieleba

gadaido. mxolod 2011 wlis Sua

periodSi amcno ukrainis mTavroban sazogadoebas,

rom pirvel etapze aucilebeli 700

milioni evro ukve mobilizebuli iyo, da

rom Tanxa, ramdenime evropul saxelmwifos-

Tan erTad, ruseTmac gaiRo. mSenebloba 2015

wels unda dasruldes.

lela kakulia

#71

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