rusudan mirzikaSvili levan asabaSvili

dspace.nplg.gov.ge

rusudan mirzikaSvili levan asabaSvili

istoriebi

rusudan mirzikaSvili

levan asabaSvili

nino lomaZe

brZola TavisuflebisTvis

brZola TavisuflebisTvis

nino jafiaSvili

interviuebi

arseni roginski, rusuli `memoriali~

nino beqiSvili

jeimz qarTeri

kaxa Tolordava

analizi

qarTuli kinoindustriis kinoindustriis problemebi

nino ZanZava

isaqarTvelo

saqarTvelo

jvarcma

paata qurdaZe

esei

neoliberalizmis kritika

irakli kakabaZe

specproeqti

sazRvrebi

Tebervali 2010 #57

fasi 5 lari

saavtoro

rafika

levan berZeniSvili

dokumenturi proza

sxvebis qveyana

sandro naveriani

literatura

osip mandelStami

erekle deisaZe

olesia TavaZe

nugzar zazanaSvili


garekanze: rusudan mirzikaSvili, levan asabaSvili

foto: daviT mesxi

mTavari redaqtori:

nino lomaZe

aRmasrulebeli redaqtorebi:

nino jafiaSvili, salome

kikaleiSvili

art-redaqtori: giorgi nadiraZe

redaqtor-stilisti: nino svaniZe

koreqtori: nino saiTiZe

nomerze muSaobdnen: daviT buxrikiZe,

ana korZaia-samadaSvili, kaxa

Tolordava, daviT CixlaZe, levan

berZeniSvili, sandro naveriani,

salome kikaleiSvili, nino

jafiaSvili, nino ZanZava, irakli

kakabaZe, klaudia ruSi, giorgi

gvaxaria, daviT makariZe, SoTa

gagarini, gigi guledani

foto: daviT mesxi, levan xerxeuliZe,

qeTo caava, marika qoCiaSvili

ilustracia: mariam zaldastaniSvili,

maia sumbaZe

dizaini: Tornike lorTqifaniZe

sazogadoebasTan urTierToba:

lela SubiTiZe

sareklamo gayidvebi: Salva CubiniZe

distribucia: zviad Sengelia

gamomcemeli: Sorena SaverdaSvili

gamomcemloba:

Sps `em fabliSingi~, Tbilisi 0105,

faliaSvilis q. 108, tel.: 912326

el-fosta: mpublishing@caucasus.net

sxva gamocemebi: liberali, biznesiadamianebi,

meTodebi, strategiebi,

dialogi, Tibisi da Tibiselebi.

stamba: Sps `sezani~, Tbilisi,

wereTlis gamz. 140, tel.: 357002

Jurnali gamodis 2004 wlis 25 dekembridan

© “M Publishing” saavtoro uflebebi

daculia. JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli

masalebis nawilobrivi an mTliani

gamoyeneba gamomcemlobis nebarTvis

gareSe akrZalulia.

4 cxeli Sokoladi

6 redaqtoris werili

8 Cveni avtorebi

N57, Tebervali 2010

mimoxilvebi 10 ubraloebis ZiebaSi kibernetikulsa da meqanikurs

Soris daviT CixlaZe

12 xinkali da koketoba daviT CixlaZe

14 mowodebebi poeziad daviT CixlaZe

16 banqos TamaSi mecnierulad...

anu ufasod mijaWvuli `promeTe~ daviT buxrikiZe

imogzaure 20 yelis tba

saqarTveloSi sandro naveriani

istoriebi 24 rusudan mirzikaSvili da levan asabaSvili

raze fiqrobs urban reaqtori nino lomaZe

32 brZola TavisuflebisTvis nino jafiaSvili

interviuebi 40 arseni roginski: ruseTSi ar arsebobs politikuri

sivrce nino beqiSvili

44 interviu jeimz qarTerTan kaxa Tolordava

fotoproeqti 48 patara qalaqSi daviT mesxi

analizi 56 qarTuli kinoindustriis problemebi nino ZanZava

specproeqti 62 sazRvrebi

dokumenturi proza 76 sxvebis qveyana sandro naveriani

isaqarTvelo 80 jvarcma. teqnikuri personali da dekoracia

paata qurdaZe

84 kvazimoda giorgi kalatoziSvili

saavtoro 88 rafika levan berZeniSvili

esei 92 neoliberalizmis kritika ocdameerTe saukuneSi

irakli kakabaZe

gasworeba

`cxeli Sokoladis~ 56-e nomerSi, statiaSi `dmanisis aRmoCena~ SecdomiT

iyo miTiTebuli gamofenis mowyobis adgili. dmanisSi aRmoCenili uZvelesi

adamianis eqspozicia gaimarTa niderlandebis bunebis istoriis nacionalur

muzeumSi, q. leideni. gamofena gaixsna 2009 wlis 28 noembers da gagrZeldeba

2010 wlis 28 Tebervlamde.

aseve ar iyo aRniSnuli, rom proeqti ganxorcielda sadazRvevo kompania

`jipiai holdingis~ mxardaWeriT.


piris Rrus movlis saukeTeso saSualebebi

GPC-isa da wiTeli -s afTiaqebSi

macdunebeli siamovnebis

moyvarulTaTvis

R.O.C.S.-is kbilis pasata “yava da Tambaqo”

specialurad SemuSavebulia yavis, Cais, wiTeli

Rvinisa da Tambaqos moyvarulTaTvis. igi

saSualebas gaZlevT SeinarCunoT momxibvleli

Rimili da jansaRi sunTqva. amcirebs Tambaqos

bolis uaryofiT zemoqmedebas piris Rruze.

abraziuli nivTierebebis zomieri Semcveloba

saSualebas iZleva gamoiyenoT R.O.C.S.-is kbilis

pasata “yava da Tambaqo” yoveldRiurad.

yava da Tambaqo


edaqtoris werili

6 cxeli Sokoladi

javaxeTis zeganze, sul kideSi, sadac saqarTvelos somxeTi esazRvreba, erTi patara

sofelia _ sameba. sul TxuTmeti ojaxi cxovrobs _ sami duxoborebis, cxra

somxuri da sami qarTuli. iq, SarSan me da daviT mesxi JurnalisTvis werilis gasake-

Teblad wavediT. jer Tovli ar ido, amitom soflamde advilad mivaRwieT. gzaze

duxoborebis mitovebuli, naxevrad, an mTlianad dangreuli saxlebi idga. or patara

SenobaSi skola iyo, erTi somxurenovani, erTic qarTuli. Cveni maspinZeli qar-

Tuli skolis maswavlebeli gaxldaT, cico naTenaZe. ramdenime dRis win dagvireka

da Jurnalis dabadebis dRe mogviloca. cota xnis mere, pavlemac dareka, mezobeli

soflidan. mere iqaur ambebs moyva: wels Tovli gvian movida da gzebic axla Caiketa;

gorelovka doxuborebis ramdenime ojaxma datova da iq isev aWaridan ekomigrantebi

daasaxles; orive soflis skolebs, axali saswavlo wlis saxelmZRvaneloebi isev ar

hyofnis, biblioTekebi isev mouwesrigebelia; sofels eqimi axlac ar hyavs, miwebis

problema isev mougvarebeli rCeba, arada arc erT ojaxs soflis datoveba ar unda.

sasazRvro dacvaSi pavle mainc ar miiRes, samebaSi qarTulenovan skolaSi isev istorias

da geografias aswavlis. yovel diliT gamTeniisas dgeba, transports rom

miuswros, mere samebamde erTi saaTi fexiT midis. ukan isev mesazRvreebs, an ise,

SemTxveviT Camvlels mohyveba. gasarTobad isev koswinkasTan da armenTan erTad dadis,

vabRuilebT Zvel motociklets da varTo, _ ambobs. CamodiT, xom dagvpirdiT

zamTris javaxeTi unda vnaxoTo.

mTavari gzatkecilidan samebamde oTx kilometrs isev fexiT, cxeniT, an marxiliT

gadian. axla yvela ojaxSi gazafxulamde produqtebi aqvT momaragebuli da daTbobas

elodebian. saRamoobiT romelime ojaxSi, SeSis Rumels mousxdebian da qveynis

ambebs arCeven.

aucileblad waval. male, sanam gzebi gaixsneba da sanam soflis gzebze welamde

Tovli devs.

nino lomaZe

mogvwereT, editor@shokoladi.ge


Cveni avtorebi

nino beqiSvili

saqarTveloSi jerjerobiT ar dawyebula diskusia imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra unda

vuyoT gasuli saukunis 70 wels _ saqarTvelos sabWoTa istorias. mediaSi

am Temaze TiTqmis araferi iwereba, arc samecniero kvlevebis Sesaxebaa

cnobili sazogadoebisTvis. qarTvelebis umetesobas sabWoTa istoriisgan

gaTavisufleba martivi ambavi gvgonia _ magaliTad, goridan stalinis

Zeglis aReba an, meore msoflio omSi daRupuli gmirebis xsovnisadmi

miZRvnili memorialis afeTqeba. arc imis gaxseneba gvsiamovnebs, rom aq

vinme piotr ivanovi ki ar Semosula, meTerTmete armias sergo orjonikiZe

SemouZRva da is cnobili 25 Tebervlis depeSac qarTvelis, filipe maxara-

Zis dawerilia. raRaa gasaxsenebeli _ 90-ianebSi orjonikiZis Zeglic aviReT

da mTawmindaze filipe maxaraZis saflavic avafeTqeT. am oris sakiTxi

namdvilad mogvarebulia. iqneb, imis mizezi, sabWoTa istoris Sesaswavlad

da gasaazreblad rom ver movicaleT, Sidapolitikuri areulobebiT,

qaosiT da omebiT damZimebuli wlebia? 2006 wels TbilisSi „okupaciis

muzeumi“ gaixsna. TavisTavad es saxelic „okupaciis muzeumi“ ukve cxadad

asaxavs xelisuflebis ritorikas _ saqarTvelo msxverplia. ra Tqma unda _

aris, amaze WkuaTmyofeli ver ikamaTebs, magram Cveni wili pasuxismgebloba

sadRac haerSia gamokiduli. aravis unda qarTveli jalaTebis gaxseneba.

maTze, vinc jer „danosebs“ werdnen, xolo Semdeg sixaruliT ikavebdnen daxvretili

da gadasaxlebuli mezoblebis saxlebs, arasdros visaubrebT ise,

rogorc winaprebze. arc msxverplTa vinaoba viciT (ramdenime gamonaklisis

garda) da, miT umetes _ arc jalaTebis. `okupaciis muzeumis~ pirvelive

darbazSi erT kedelze tyviebiT dacxriluli is vagonia gamofenili, sadac

1924 wels bolSevikebma SorapanSi asobiT adamiani daxvrites, meore mxares

ki uzarmazar ekranze vardebis revoluciis amsaxveli videokadrebi Seu-

Cereblad trialebs _ rogor Semodis mcxeTidan manqanebis jaWvi, rogor

svams saakaSvili SevardnaZis Cais, rogor zeimobs mTeli qarTveli eri

da a.S. Tan muzeumia, romelsac sul sxva datvirTva unda hqondes, meore

mxriv ki _ banaluri oficialuri propaganda, is, rasac ukve karga xania,

miveCvieT da SeiZleba, Tvalsa da yurs aRarc gvWrides. Tumca, mTavari

siurprizi „okupaciis muzeumis“ sadarbazo kibeebzea gamofenili: absoluturad

sabWoTa esTetikiT Sesrulebuli foto _ saakaSvili da iuSCenko

bavSvebTan erTad, Tanac zustad ise, rogorc kompartiis pirveli mdivnebi

gvinaxavs pataraobisas _ liderebi siyvaruliT, mzrunveli saxeebiT dahyureben

bavSvebs. `okupaciis muzeumSi~ ucxoel stumrebTan, Tanac stalinizmis

profesional mkvlevrebTan erTad movxvdi. maT Soris iyo arseni

roginskic, visTan interviusac am nomerSi waikiTxavT.

8 cxeli Sokoladi

nino ZanZava

saqarTveloSi weliwadSi ramdenime

srulmetraJian mxatvrul films iReben,

romelTa biujeti, adgilobrivi resursebis

gaTvaliswinebiT, arcTu ise dabalia

da naxevari milionidan erTi milioni

laris farglebSi meryeobs. filmebs safestivalo

cxovrebac aqvT da adgilobriv

gaqiravebaSic trialebs. maRalCinosnebi

qarTuli kinos SesamCnevad mzard potencialze

akeTeben gancxadebebs. Tumca,

rodesac Cemi profesiiT dainteresebul

axal nacnobebs veubnebi, _ kinokritikosi

var meTqi, _ gakvirvebulebi mpasuxoben:

rogor unda wero imaze, rac ar ariso.

am kiTxvas gansakuTrebiT xSirad taqsis

mZRolebi svamen. is adamianebi, visTvisac

dRes kino namdvilad ar arsebobs.

samagierod, maT warsuli axsovT, rodesac

kinoSi siaruli yoveldRiuri cxovrebis

nawili iyo. kinematografis sicocxlisunarianobas

misi masobrioba ganapirobebs.

SeiZleba arsebobdes elituri kino, magram

ar arsebobs elituri kinoindustria.

saqarTveloSi kinowarmoebis procesi ar

aris Sekruli. marTalia, gaCnda teqnikuri

saSualebebi, magram ara filmis warmoebis

yvela etapisTvis. gaumarTavia warmoebis

procesisTvis saWiro infrastruqtura, ar

arsebobs srulyofili laboratoriuli

momsaxureba, normaluri kinoproeqcia,

filmis dacvis pirobebi, kinokritika,

safestivalo sivrce, distribucia, bolos

da bolos _ taqsistebi ar dadian kinoSi.


`TbilRvino~ 2009 wels

STambeWdavi SedegebiT asrulebs

2009 wlis SedegebiT `TbilRvino~ #1 Rvinis eqsportiori

kompaniaa saqarTveloSi.

2009 wels `TbilRvinom~ ISO 9001 (xarisxis marTvis

sistema) da ISO 22000 (sakvebis uvneblobis marTvis sistema)

sertifikatebi miiRo.

2009 wels `TbilRvinos~ produqciam yvelaze prestiJul

saerTaSoriso konkuresebze 14 medali moipova, maT Soris

2 oqros da 4 vercxlis medalia.


mimoxilva

ubraloebis ZiebaSi kibernetikulsa

da meqanikurs Soris

avtori: daviT CixlaZe

foto: qeTo caava

19 dekembers Tbilisis samxatvro

akademiis kursdamTavrebulma

giorgi maRraZem personaluri

gamofena gamarTa Tbilisis Tojinebis

muzeumis erT-erT darbazSi.

Tbilisis saerTo kulturuli

monotonurobis fonze es gamofena

sasiamovno araadekvaturobad

gamoiyureboda.

rogorc wesi, Tanamedrove mxatvris

mxridan dadaizmze pirdapiri

apelireba groteskad an gulubryvilo

pativiscemad aRiqmeba

xolme, radgan miiCneva, rom mas

Semdeg didi dro gavida da xelovneba

ukve mraval axal mimdinareobasa

Tu tendenciaSi

transformirda. dadaizmis idea,

romelic sityvebisa da niSnebis

wminda formamde dayvanas da Semdeg

ukve maTi axali, frivoluri

mniSvnelobebiT aRWurvas emsaxureba,

100 wlis Semdegac kargad

Cans dakvirvebuli TvalisTvis.

aseTebi arian kiber-filosofosi

da mwerali hakim bei, igive piter

lamborn uilsoni, sakuTari, fragmentuli

da seriuli ornamentebis

10 cxeli Sokoladi

nawerebiT; an meTiu barni, romlis

logo, marTalia, ukve sinTetikuri

faqturisaa, magram mainc

makratlis gamosaxulebiT.

dadaizmis idea sadac cocxlobs,

iq, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom adamianebs

wignis wakiTxva jer ar daviwyebiaT.

diax, swored wakiTxva da ara

kiTxva. aseTi wakiTxvebi swored

dadaizms ufro ukavSirdeba da

ara semiotikas an struqturalizms,

radgan Tu niSnebis formebis

mowesrigebaze vlaparakobT, unda

vaRiaroT, rom forma pirvel rig-

Si swored rom vizualuria da misi

kvalic Tanamedrove vizualur xelovnebis

sawyisebSi unda veZeboT.

giorgi maRraZis namuSevrebis

faqturaSi aSkara iyo gzavnili

kibernetikulze. mxatvari

gvTavazobda saukeTeso saTamaSo

moedans, mxiaruli miniSnebebiT

kargad nacnob qrestomaTiul dadaistur

Sriftebze da dizainze.

Tanamedrove xelovnebaSi damkvidrebuli

konteqstisaTvis es

namuSevrebi marTlac lamaz da

daxvewil saTamaSoebs hgavda,

romelTa gamoyenebiTi funqciac

ucnobi iyo.

iSviaTia, rom dRevandel saqarTveloSi

dadaisturi apelirebebi

morigi dacinviT ar damTavrdes,

radgan aq jer kidev namdvilad

ar muSaobs me-20 saukunis esTetikuri

postulati `rogor~ da

ara `ra~. saqarTveloSi cdiloben

weron bodriaris filosofiaze da

simulakraze, magram qveyanas jer

arc erTi Tanamedrove xati ar

Seuqmnia da saxalxo artistebi Tu

masobrivi scenis varskvlavebi jer

isev ara suraT-xatebad, imijebad

an bilbordebad, aramed `karg an

magar kacebad da qalebad~, karg

pirovnebebad moiazrebian mxolod.

suraT-xati an saTqmeli,

romlis miRmac ar Cans adamiani,

aris is mTavari, riTac mTeli Tanamedrove

dasavleTi arsebobs.

Cven am simulakrasadmi dauokebeli

simpaTia gvaqvs, magram moraliT

vapelirebT da kvlav Soreul

moswavleebad vrCebiT. swored

pirovnulobis aRmoufxvreli

kultis da cvalebadi moraluri


Sexedulebebis gamo mTlianad gadavagdeT

yvelaferi, rac ki memkvidreobiT

SegveZlo dagvetovebina

sabWoTa dizainis gamzadebuli

struqturebidan. dRes Cvens moqalaqes

ara aqvs saSualeba, icodes

art nuvo an sabWoTa konstruqtivizmi,

radgan moralis prioritetiT

Semofargvla infantiluri

zRaprebiT dakmayofilebis

pirobas qmnis, rogoricaa xuTkun-

Wula an komble. giorgi maRraZis

gamofenis adgilic simboluri da

zRaprulia _ isev Tojinebis an

marionetebis muzeumi.

dRes moulodneli ar unda

iyos axalgazrdebis pretenzia

cifrul snobizmze. kibernetikulTan

Sexeba CvenSi prioritetia,

magram mxolod SMS-ebis gau-

Cerebeli, nevrotuli gagzavniT

Semoifargleba. saqarTveloSi

Catma ukve imdenad Caanacvla wignic

da cxovrebac, rom erotikuli

voiaJebi ki ara, albaT internetiT

qorwili da bavSvis gaCenac Sesa-

Zleblad eCvenebaT. xolo is, rom

dasavleTSi axalgazrda adamianebi

kafeebSic ki wignebis gareSe arasodes

arian, CvenTan warmoudgenlis

sazRvrebs scildeba.

SeiZleba paradoqsia, magram mxolod

TamaSs da simulakras Seu-

Zlia adamiani gamoiyvanos rTuli

gaucxoebidan, dramatizebidan da

tragizmidan, rasac yovelTvis

dros da epoqas abraleben. am mniSvnelobiT

ki, vin ityvis, rom Tama-

Si seriozuli ram ar aris? dadaizmi

TamaSi iyo da swored aseTi

TamaSi gvaseriozulebs imdenad,

rom SegviZlia naTeli da dalagebuli

xedviT SevxedoT cxovrebas

da yvelaferi davinaxoT im sizustiT

da ubraloebiT, rogor-

Sic is aris.

gamosavali ubraloebasa da daTmobaSia.

aseTi gamosavali ipova axalgazrda

mxatvarma giorgi maRra-

Zem, romelmac dRevandeli drois

Sesabamis sakuTar enas miagno. es

umniSvnelo ram ar aris, Tumca

cxadia, rom mis stilze SeiZleba

jer adre iyos saubari da mxatvarma

kidev bevrjer SeiZleba gadauxvios

arCeuli gzidan. gulwrf-

eloba ki namdvilad saxezea, rac

yovelTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovania.

gabedulebaa, rodesac aseTi nihilisturi,

virtualuri snobizmis

droSi ar uSindebi bohemur, pankur

da avangardistul aluziebs da

reminiscenciebs mxolod imis imedad,

rom es yvelaferi dRevandeli

moduri, samomxmareblo, advili

dizainis da aplikaciebis enasTan

uzadod gaqvs Serwymuli; garSemo

ki xelovnebis mTeli Tanamedrove

struqtura orad or models

imeorebs _ erTi mxriv, saloni

da sruli mgrZnobelobiTi stagnaciaa

gamefebuli, xolo meore

mxriv, daStampuli postmodernizmi,

romelic saleqcio darbazis

anda trafaretuli Jurnalistikis

moTxovnebs Zlivs scildeba.

erTi ram cxadia, giorgi maRraZe

sentimentalizmSi namdvilad ar

aris CaZiruli, man ubralod igrZno

niSnebis realuri Zala, riTac

sakuTari dramatuli faqturebisa

da zedapirebis Seqmna SeuZlia.

cxeli Sokoladi 11


mimoxilva

xinkali da koketoba

avtori: daviT CixlaZe

foto: Temo barZimaSvili

gasul Tves axalgazrda artistma

da aqtivistma nikoloz luti-

Zem `niu art kafeSi~ 20 dekembers

warmoadgina performansi `xarSva~.

gamofenis mosawvevs xinkali exata,

kote sulaberiZis grafikuli

SesrulebiT. performansis anonsi

gvauwyebda Tezisebs, romlebic

Tanamedrove sivrceSi warmar-

Tuli realobis reabilitirebaze

migvaniSnebda. xinkaliT artisti

albaT migvaniSnebda cxovelis msxverplSewirvis

velur gadmonaSTebze

da vegetarianizmze, rogorc

araZaladobaze nebismieri sicocxlis

mimarT. marTlac, Tanamedrove

Tbilisi, ise, rogorc arasdros,

saxinklebiTaa savse.

misasalmebelia, rom nikoloz

lutiZis performansi simboluri

datvirTvis ar aRmoCnda da masSi

mxatvris mier SemoTavazebuli

sawyisi Tezisebis pirdapiri ilustraciebi

ar gvixilavs. anu mas ar

Semoutania darbazSi xinkliT savse

qvabi da Tavze mduRare naxarSi

ar gadausxams. erTaderTi, rac

yvelaze moulodneli iyo, artistma

kros-dresingis (sawinaaRmdego

sqesis tansacmelSi gamowyoba) performansi

SemogvTavaza. is Cacmuli

iyo rogorc drag-qvini, qalis

12 cxeli Sokoladi

tansacmelSi gamowyobili transvestiti

da rogorc Tanamedrove

iaponuri butos Teatris mocekvave.

da man danapirebi Segvisrula

_ gviCvena misi sxeulis simZimis

centri da eqspresiuli reagireba

sayovelTao xarSvis gacxovelebul

ritualebze.

kros-dresingis elementebi saqarTvelos

artistul konteqstSi

Segvxvedria gia eZgveraZesTan,

zura jiSkarianTan, miSa andRulaZesTan

`SabaTis SouSi~, magram

konceptualuri, pankuri Tu komediuri

esTetikis miRma, es strategia,

rogorc ubralod artistuli

eqspresia, gamoyenebuli ar yofila.

artisti gviCvenebda, Tu rogoria

misi sxeulis reagireba dRevandel

brutalur warmarTobaze.

nikoloz lutiZis performansi

gamoirCeoda gawelili tempiT,

romelic sulac ar aRmoCnda mosabezrebeli

da man erTgvar meditaciaSic

ki CarTo auditoria.

swored am niSniT hgavda es performansi

butos esTetikas, sadac

Senelebuli moZraobebis ritmi namuSevris

Sinaarss mniSvnelovnad

gansazRvravs. aq butos esTetikas

ritualuri dekoratiuli grimic

Segvaxsenebda, rac, saerTod, sxeu-

lis mokvdavobaze pirdapiri miniSneba

iyo, swored imave sxeulis,

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seqsualurze sabolood isev

sxeulis kritikad gadaiqceoda da

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Tanaarseboba saqarTveloSi kempis

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xinkali da koketoba _ ase aRvwerdi

nikoloz lutiZis performansis

gzavnils. CvenSi gavrcelebul

ukiduresad materialistur

msoflxedvebSi, rac siduxWiriT

aris ganpirobebuli, koketoba

mainc arasodes Tmobs poziciebs

da cdilobs, rac SeiZleba erotikulad

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CvenTan, rodesac liberalizmi da

eTnocentrizmi, dogma da erosi

realurad erTmaneTTan sabrZolo

poziciebSia.


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mowodebebi poeziad

avtori: daviT CixlaZe

foto: marika qoCiaSvili

dekemberi marTlac datvirTuli

aRmoCnda da ara imdenad raodenobrivad,

aramed warmodgenili iventebis

xasiaTis TvalsazrisiT, rac

SeiZleba mokled daxasiaTdes, rogorc

aqtivizmisa da esTetizmis

iRbliani da iSviaTi Sexamebebi. 21

dekembers xatia SiukaSvilis poeturi

wignis `Savi leqsebi an ukan

ssrk-sken~ prezentacia `art-kafe

qaravanSi~ saimedo, magram arcTu

bolomde dadgenil impulsebs gvigzavnida,

rom CvenSi TviT yvelaze

uimedo sferomac ki, rasac literatura

hqvia, kvlav naxa saSualeba

axali, dRevandeli poetikisa da enis

moZebna daiwyos _ samitingo enisa

da poetikis. rTuli gziT siaruli

gadawyvita xatia SiukaSvilma, poetma,

ukve araerTi sayuradRebo

krebulis avtorma, romelic aqamde

wminda lirikuli impulsis poetad

SegveZlo mogveazrebina.

rodesac platonma socialuri

amjobina poeturs, man poeturi teqsti

albaT samoqalaqo mowodebebiT

Secvala. mxolod saqarTveloSi Sei-

Zleba Segxvdes imdenad Tavdajere-

14 cxeli Sokoladi

buli da umanko poeti, rom masTan

platonic da sxva msgavsi wminda

wylis suraT-xatebi mxolod kekluci

saubris sagnad rCeba. poeziaSi

samoqalaqo paTosi adrec saeWvo

iyo da Cven amisTvis araerTi marTlac

SesaniSnavi sabWoTa poetis

Cumi gasamarTleba mogvixda. poezia

ver egueba mis sxeulSi sxva enebis

SemoWras da masSi araTu mowodebebi,

TviT filosofiuri gansjebic

ki meorexarisxovnad miiCneva. amitom

sjobs, poetma weras daanebos

Tavi, vidre poezia rame sxvas, Tundac

eTikurad amaRlebuls an truizmebis

deklamirebas amsaxuros.

ra suraTia saqarTvelos poetur

sivrceSi? mTel areals jiutad

avsebs zomieri verlibri, sadac

aranairi enobrivi da tropuli eqsperimenti,

ukve didi xania, aRar mimdinareobs

da principSi isic igive

paradigmaa, rac mis mierve uaryofili

tradiciuli leqsi.

xatia SiukaSvilis wignis prezentacia

garkveulwilad sensaciasac

gulisxmobda. bolodroindeli tendencia

saqarTveloSi, rom an saer-

Tod unda gaCumde anda ukiduresad

iaqtiuro da iyviro, am saRamozec

dadasturda. zura rTveliaSvilis

msgavsad, garda imisa, rom es axalgazrda

poeti qalic aqtivistia,

anu monawileobs samoqalaqo gamosvlebsa

da politikur mitingebze, mis

leqsebSic xSiria mowodebebi, epataJuri

frazeologia da erTgvarad

xazgasmuli mZafri protestis

grZnoba. piradad CemTvis es poeziis

pirvelxarisxovani elementebi ar

aris, radgan ar mgonia, poezia informatiuli

saTqmelis iaraRi iyos.

da gansxvavebiT isev zura rTveliaSvilisgan,

xatia SiukaSvils

politikasTan profesia akavSirebs,

is studenti, axalgazrdobis demokratiuli

ligis prezidentia,

xolo diplomatia misi Seswavlis

sagania. politikosi seriozul poetur

gancxadebas akeTebdes, araTu

iSviaTia, ormxrivad sariskoc aris.

magram vin icis, ra siurprizebs

gvimzadebs axali, 21-e saukune, sadac

`xelovneba xelovnebisTvis~

nacvlad SeiZleba gaCndes raime

utopiuri, rogoricaa, vTqvaT, `xe-


lovneba politikisTvis~.

Tu xatia SiukaSvilis poetikas

politikur da aqtivistur komponentebs

CamovacilebT, is Cven winaSe

warsdgeba, rogorc kargad nacnobi

lirikuli poezia konvenciuri formiT,

magram sadac, erTi SexedviT,

axali TiTqmis araferi xdeba formis

TvalsazrisiT. mTeli am aqtivisturi

xmauris gamo SeiZleba ifiqro,

rom xatia SiukaSvili ar aris

is poeti, vinc ikvlevs niSans, rogorc

Sinaarss. saboloo jamSi ki es

imas niSnavs, rom aseTi poeti arc

aris poeti saerTod.

aseTi, mowodebiTi poetikis sarisko

zonaSi, sadac mkiTxvels

lamazi sityvebiT veRar gaabrueb

da yursac ki mosWri mas, an raRac

gulubryvilo gamorCenis imedad

SeiZleba Seexetos vinme anda iseTi

gabeduli poeturi mowodebis mqone

Semoqmedi Segvxvdes, vinc fiqrobs,

rom daRupva sjobia, vidre mkvdrad

arseboba.

msgavsad yvela 2000-ianeli poetisa,

isic cdilobs iyos axali, magram

am Taobas jerjerobiT saTqmeli ar

moutania. mizezi ki is aris, rom isini

yuradRebas ar aqceven formas. maT

uaryves forma, rogorc marqsistuli

gadmonaSTi da mTlianad wminda

ideas miecnen TavianTi azriT. for-

ma maTTvis mxolod saSualebaa. anu

cduneba laparakisa didia da aravis

axsovs 20-e saukunis mTavari esTetikuri

ideologiis postulatebi:

`forma aris saTqmeli~ da `saSualeba

aris Sinaarsi~. Cveni koleqtiuri

forma ki sazogadoebaa da masze

pasuxismgeblobas politika ewodeba.

xolo udidesi gabedulebis da

mgrZnobelobis mqone unda iyos poeti,

rom politikuri aqcios sakuTar

samuSao arealad, sakuTar formad,

sakuTar saTqmelad.

miuxedavad yvelafrisa, mainc aris

raRac, rac am tipis miswrafebaSi Sei-

Zleba gvizidavdes da gamoarCevdes

mas sxva danarCenisgan. upirveles

yovlisa, es aris TviTon intonacia

narativis. swored intonaciam

gadaarCina zurab rTveliaSvili

aseTive rTul gzaze, rodesac man

avangardistuli gemovneba da mowodeba

masobrivi xelovnebis momxmareblebs

ZaliT SesTavaza TiTqmis

yovelgvari warmatebis gareSe.

magram TviTon ki SeZlo poetad

gadarCena. es intonacia iyo, rac

adre, aseve, dalila bedianiZes panacead

gamoadga. swored intonacia

gamoarCevs poets da ara Sinaarsebi

da sadRac sxvagan arsebuli saTqmeli.

SegviZlia kidev Sors wavideT:

ramdenime poetia, vinc truizmebiT

mimoxilva

Tavis gatana SeZlo _ albaT, mainc

ufro SoTa rusTaveli da daviT

guramiSvili. ilia WavWavaZe swored

am truizmebis maqsimalizaciis gamo

ar miiCnia bevrma srulfasovan poetad.

da Tu kargad davukvirdebiT,

swored ilia WavWavaZis poetikis reabilitaciazea

dRes laparaki xatia

SiukaSvilTan. aseTi SesaZlebeli

ambiciiT ki ara mxolod axali poeturi

ena iqneba dadgenili da aRmoCenili,

aramed saTqmelic ufro humanuri,

araabstrahirebuli gaxdeba da

bevri adamianis realur satkivarTan

da bedTan miva.

xatia SiukaSvilis ambicias, rogorc

yvela wamowyebas, bevri sir-

Tule elodeba win. Tu saerTod

SeZlo aseTma fenomenma ganviTareba

Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi,

romelic, rogorc avtors miaCnia,

mTlianad erTi gansxeulebuli

luarsab TaTqariZea da ara ilia

WavWavaZe, vinc sakuTar TavSi gonebrivi

sizarmace daZlia. poet qalTan

es amocana dgas _ rogor gadavaqcioT

mowodebebi poeziad, anu

rogor gamoviyenoT dRevandeli realoba

poeziis sasargeblod. da Tu

imasac gavixsenebT, rom namdvili

poeti yovelTvis Tavidan ibadeba,

maSin xatia SiukaSvilisTvisac es

kidev erTi saintereso dasawyisia.

cxeli Sokoladi 15


anqos TamaSi mecnierulad...

anu ufasod mijaWvuli `promeTe~

avtori: daviT buxrikiZe

ufulo kulturisa da ukulturo

festivalebis dro, rogorc Cans,

uaxlesi istoriis arqivs bolomde

ver CavabareT. Tanac arqivebi dagvianebiTac

ixsneba xolme da ukve

kargad nacnobi faqtebi Tavdayira

dgeba. magram mivendoT optimizms

da davijeroT, rom saqarTveloSi

yvelaze mniSvnelovani saerTaSoriso

kinofestivali, romelic yoveli

wlis noember-dekemberSi imarTeba,

aRar iqneba imdenad Rataki, rom momavalSi

misma organizatorebma oficialuri

safestivalo konkursis Catareba

ver SeZlon da verc mTavari

prizi _ `oqros promeTe~ gascen.

cxadia, Cveni dagvianebuli refleqsia

ganvlil safestivalo ambebs

veRar Secvlis. Semodgoma Zalian

datvirTuli aRmoCnda Sida da gare

kulturuli aqciebiT, festivalebiT,

SexvedrebiT Tu Tanamedrove

`art-zonebis~ mauwyebeli gamofenebiT.

amasobaSi Tbilisis saerTaSoriso

kinofestivali erTgvarad `daiCagra~

kidec. qveyanaSi mniSvnelovani

nebismieri kulturuli movlena an

16 cxeli Sokoladi

festivali qveynis imijzec aisaxeba,

ase vTqvaT _ misi savizito baraTia,

romelic ar SeiZleba raime socialur

an kulturul koniunqturas

SevwiroT. ar SeiZleba arc kinematografiuli

`promeTe~ davamSioT

da arc Teatraluri `saCuqrebis~

gacema avkrZaloT. Tumca es ufro

seriozuli Temaa.

Tbilisis pirveli saerTaSoriso

Teatraluri festivali rom kargad

iyo reklamirebuli da misi biujeti

or milions gascda, lamis yvela gazeTma

Tu Jurnalma gvamcno, rac TavisTavad

sasamovno moulodnelobaa,

magram ratom ergo ukve fexze damdgar

`promeTes~ mxolod asi aTasamde

lari? miT umetes, rom festivalis

organizatorebi saiubileo, meaTe

festivalisTvis Tadarigs winaswar

aucileblad daiWerdnen. ara mgonia

an sponsorebs gamoeCinoT garkveuli

ugulisyuroba, an kulturis, Zegl-

Ta dacvisa da sportis saministros

_ siZunwe.

ramdenadac viciT, saxelmwifom

kino lamis mTavar prioritetad

levan koRuaSvili, `quCis dReebi~

gamoacxada da uaxles kinoproeqtebSic

sakmaod didi fuli Caido,

magram... luiji komenCinis cnobili

filmis personaJisa ar iyos, `banqos

TamaSs simkacre da eSmakoba sWirdeba,

iseve rogorc `mecnieruli~

midgoma~.

roca Jurnali `cxeli Sokoladi~

Tbilisis kinofestivalis dReebSi

saintereso kinoblogebs qmnida

da diskusiebs awyobda, ver

gaiTvaliswinebda, rom eqvsdRiani

`kinomaraTonis~ Sedegebi da analizi,

garkveuli mizezebis gamo, Cven

furclebze dagvianebiT aisaxeboda.

amdenad, gacilebiT ufro saintereso

iqneboda festivalis zogadi

politika, filmebis SerCevis Taviseburebani,

naklovani Tu dadebiTi

mxareebi. cxadia, aucilebeli perspeqtivis

gaTvaliswinebiT.

Tbilisis saerTaSoriso kinofestivalis

aTwliani istoria 2000

wlidan iwyeba, rodesac is pirvelad

festival `saCuqaris~ farglebSi

gaimarTa. ori wlis Semdeg ki damoukidebeli

statusi miiRo da calke


maik li. `vera dreiki~

karolin linki, `zamTarSi erTi weli gaxdeba~ nika maCaiZe, `anarekli~

festivalad Camoyalibda. igi yoveli

wlis Semodgomaze, daaxloebiT

erTi kviriT epatiJeba kinomanebs.

rogorc aRvniSneT, wels prizebi,

iseve rogorc `oqros promeTe~, ar

gaica. gasul wels mTavari prizi

stefan arsenieviCis films `siyvaruli

da sxva danaSaulobani~ mieniWa;

`vercxlis promeTe~ ki saukeTeso

reJisurisTvis ozjan alperis `Semodgomas~

gadasces.

qarTuli kinematografisaTvis

yvelaze warmatebuli mainc 2005

weli gamodga. gela babluans `vercxlis

promeTe~ gadaeca saukeTeso

reJisurisaTvis (filmi `cameti~),

xolo levan TuTberiZis `mogzauroba

yarabaRSi~ fipresiT daajildoves.

manamde, 2004 wels `oqros

promeTes~ mflobeli dito cincaZe

gaxda, romlis pirveli didi evropuli

warmateba _ `gasrolis SiSi~

(san-sebastianis saerTaSoriso kinofestivalze)

reJisoris samSoblo-

Sic gaiziares.

ukve aTwliani gadasaxedidan kargad

Cans organizaciuli sakiTxebis

sirTule da mudmivi finansuri problema,

romelsac festivalis direqcia

TiTqmis yovelwliurad awydeba.

saimedo partniorebi _ goeTes

instituti, diumas saxelobis franguli

kulturis centri, `qarTul-

britanuli kulturis platforma~

da sxvadasxva qveynis saelCoebi mudmivad

TanamSromloben festivalTan,

rac mxolod misasalmebelia. samagierod,

lamis minimalur donezea

yofili sabWoeTis qveynebTan kavSiri

da arc maTi axali filmebiT vart

ganebivrebulebi.

finansurma krizisma da uprizod

darCenilma festivalma (romelic

Jurnalistebma `upatarZlo

qorwils~ Seadares), cxadia, sasiamovno

STabeWdileba ver datova kinomanebze,

magram sapremiero Cvenebebma

da gansakuTrebiT saintereso stumrebis

Camosvlam sagrZnoblad gamoacocxla

safestivalo atmosfero.

marto didi britaneli reJisoris,

maik lis stumroba, misi filmebi da

masterklasi xom ukve movlenaa.

festivali kinoTeatr `amiranSi~

swored maik lis cnobili filmiT _

`vera dreiki~ daixura, romelsac Tavad

reJisoric eswreboda. veneciis

kinofestivalis triumfatori da

sam `oskarze~ nominirebuli filmi

(reJisura, scenari da qalis mTavari

roli) did britaneTSi 50-ian wleb-

Si aralegalur abortebs exeba. vera

dreiki gulwrfelad, usasyidlod

da `keTili zraxviT~ exmareba qalebs,

anu, maSindeli kanonis mixedviT,

Cadis danaSauls.

mimoxilva

reJisori xazgasmulad neitraluria

personaJis mimarT da gvitovebs

saSualebas, Tavad SevafasoT damnaSavea

vera dreiki Tu garemoebis

msxverpli. mkacri da pirquSi realizmi

ar ewinaaRmdegeba SesaniSnav

retro-stilizacias da, rac mTavaria,

maik li ar aris moralisti.

festivalma aseve gaixsena britaneli

reJisoris filmebi `SiSveli~ da

`udardeli~.

radgan finaliT daviwyeT, aqve

davZenT, rom festivali levan ko-

RuaSvilis axali filmiT, `quCis

dReebiT~ gaixsna, romelic ukve ianvris

bolos roterdamis saerTaSoriso

kinofestivalis oficialur

konkursSi iqneba warmodgenili. ko-

RuaSvilis films erTi SexedviT banaluri

siuJeti aqvs _ policielebi

aSantaJeben `staJian~ narkomans, rom

man sakuTari megobris Svils wamali

gaukeTos, Semdeg ki mdidarma mamam

Svilis gamosaxsnelad didi fuli gadaixados.

umTavresi filmSi mainc garemoa _

cxadi, zusti da Semzaravi, romelic

reJisorma daundobeli neitralurobiTa

da yovelgvari sentimentebis

gareSe asaxa. aranakleb mniSvnelovania,

rom filmSi monawile msaxiobebi

siyalbis gareSe TamaSoben, rac

qarTuli kinosaTvis namdvilad

cxeli Sokoladi 17


siurprizia. da mainc, sruliad moulodnelia

guga kotetiSvilis mier

gansaxierebuli mTavari gmiri, 45

wlis carieli da martosuli `Ceki~,

romelsac cnobili dizaineri yovelgvari

paTetikisa da xelovnuri

dramatizmis gareSe TamaSobs; ubralod

da gansacvifrebeli realurobis

gancdiT.

levan koRuaSvili zedmiwevniT

kargad icnobs imedgacruebul, depresiul

90-ianelTa `dakargul~ Taobas,

romelmac sakuTari cxovreba

erT unayofod saSinel kiTxvas gadaayola

_ sad da rogor viSovoT

wamali? magram ufro saSiSia, roca

ufrosi Taobis magaliTi avadmyofurad

gadamdebi xdeba; roca gza arsaiT

midis, xolo Tineijerebi skolis

merxebidan gadian `dakacebis~

gakveTilebs.

festivalis damaintrigebel dasawyissa

da maRalmxatvrul finals

Soris daaxloebiT 120 filmi moeqca;

mxatvruli, dokumenturi, reporta-

Juli, moklemetraJiani, ucxouri Tu

Sinauri. mayurebels eqvsi dRis ganmavlobaSi

SeeZlo nairgvari arCevani

gaekeTebina. magaliTad, axali germanuli

kino (karolin linkis fsiqologiuri

drama `zamTarSi erTi weli

gaxdeba~, an mixael balhauzis dokumenturi

filmi `berlinSi~); frangul

retrospeqtivas (loran kantes

SesaniSnavi `klasi~ an Zmebi dardenebis

gamorCeuli `lornas mdumareba~)

Seedarebina; enaxa SedarebiT ucnobi

italiuri filmebi: evropuli `seza-

18 cxeli Sokoladi

mateo garone, `gomora~

riT~ dajildoebuli, mateo garones

`gomora~ da erovnuli kinematografiuli

priziT `gamagrebuli~ paolo

benvenutis `puCini da gogona~. bevri

filmis naxva saerTod SeuZlebelic

iyo mkacri safestivalo grafikis

gamo.

radgan 2009 wels safestivalo

konkursi ar arsebobda, bevri re-

Jisori ufro momgebian situaciaSi

aRmoCnda. mayurebeli Tanabrad gadanawilda

darbazebsa da filmebs

Soris. veravin ityoda, romeli filmi

romels jobda. amitomac mayurebeli

sakuTar intuicias ufro

endo. qarTuli programidan, levan

koRuaSvilis garda, STabeWdileba

moaxdina moklemetraJiani filmebis

programam. gansakuTrebiT irakli

faniaSvilis Cumi simZafriTa da dramatizmiT

gamorCeulma filmma `sergo

goTorani~, romelic afxazeTidan

ltolvili ojaxis tragedias `ugmirod~

gviCvenebs, xolo operatoris,

naTela grigalaSvilis namuSevari

marTlac SesaniSnavia. moulodneli

rakursiT gamoirCeva nuca mesxiSvilis

`bedniereba~ (scenaris avtori

zaira arseniSvili) da 2008 wlis omisadmi

miZRvnili filmi `dadumebulebi~

(reJisori salome jaSi).

dramaturgiulad sainteresodaa

agebuli nino furcxvaniZisa da piter-ian

smitis filmi `ra Tqma unda

amerikaSi~, romelic aralegalur

emigraciasa da sasiyvarulo TavgadasavalSi

gaxlarTuli `mSvenieri

qarTveli qalis~ (msaxiobi qeTevan

loran kante, `klasi~

salome jaSi, `dadumebulebi~

xarSilaZe) istorias mogviTxrobs.

SedarebiT `norCebidan~ ki zaza rusa-

Zis `nakecebi da bzarebi~, nika maCai-

Zis `anarekli~, da sandro jandieris

Chamber piece (es ukanaskneli londonis

kinoskolaSi swavlobs) axdens

karg STabeWdilebas. dokumenturi

filmebis programidan unda gamovar-

CioT vano burdulis `konfliqtis

zona~ da oliko JRentis `knut hamsunis

kavkasiuri misteriebi~.

SedarebiT didi da warmatebuli

qarTvelebidan festivalma nana

jorjaZe, irakli kvirikaZe da nino

kirTaZe daafasa. safrangeTSi mcxovrebi

mixeil kobaxiZis 70 wlis iubile

da misi moklemetraJiani filmebis

retrospeqtiva gacilebiT

saintereso aRmoCnda, vidre nana

jorjaZis arafrismTqmeli da xelovnuri

zRapari-filmi `meteoidioti~.

aRarafers vambob nino kirTaZis

subieqtur da evropul koniunqturaze

gaTvlil dokumentur filmze

`zogi ram saqarTvelos Sesaxeb~,

romelic zeaRelvebuli saakaSvilis

tele-portrets ufro hgavs...

fragmentebi Tbilisis uprizo

kinofestivalis cxovrebidan SegveZlo

erTi SegonebiT dagvemTavrebina:

krizisi ufro gvaZlierebs,

radgan socialur imunitets amaRlebs.

ratomRac mgonia, rom samagierod,

festivalis dones akninebs

da ukve momdevno kinofestivalze,

`banqos TamaSi mecnierulad~ anu, eSmakoba

fulis dazogvis mizniT, aRar

gamova. Tumca, vin icis?!


imogzaure saqarTveloSi

yelis tba

avtori: sandro naveriani

foto: kote gabriCiZe

didi siamovnebiT davTanxmdi, damewera

rame rubrikis qveS `imogzaure

saqarTveloSi~. didi siamovnebiT

imitom, rom rac Tavi maxsovs, marTla

aqeT-iqiT davexetebi da araTu ku-

Txe, saqarTveloSi administraciuli

erTeuli ar meguleba, rom ar viyo

namyofi. hoda, ra gasakviria, rom gamixarda

da Tanac vifiqre, siamovnebi-

Tac davwer da didi tvinis Wyletac

ar damWirdeba, ra da rogor davweromeTqi.

da roca sawerad davjeqi, swored

maSin mivxvdi, rom me am qveynis

TiTqmis araferi vici. ki, bevri mixetialia

da yvelgan namyofi var, magram

is, rac mniSvnelovania, is, rac

ganasxvavebs saqarTvelos sxvadasxva

kuTxeebs erTmaneTisgan _ adamianebi _

maT Sesaxeb araferi vici. garda imisa,

rom am aRmoCenam Zalian damamwuxra,

damafiqra kidec da Tvalic amixila

_ droa gavicno Cemi qveyana da viyo

ukeTesi turisti, vidre avstrieli

klausi, an Sveicarieli markusi.

am yvelafridan gamomdinare, gadavwyvite

dRes saqarTvelos im nawilze

mogiyveT, sadac aravin cxovrobs,

20 cxeli Sokoladi

garda gareuli cxovelebisa da zafxulobiT

karvebSi dabanakebuli turistebisa.

am adgils yelis tba hqvia

da dRes iq moxvedra TiTqmis SeuZlebelia.

ara imitom, rom zamTaria, aramed

imitom, rom yelis tbis mimdebare

teritorias dRes rusi da osi mesazRvreebi

akontroleben.

yelis tbaze moxvedra ramdenime

marSrutiT aris SesaZlebeli da aqedan

yvelaze popularuli TeTri aragvis

xeobidan, gudamayris marSruti

da qsnis xeobis marSrutia. amboben,

_ qsnis xeobidan jobs, ufro STambeWdavia,

bevrad ufro lamaziao. eg

marSruti me ar vici, me aqedan, aragvis

xeobidan wavedi, zemo mleTas

cota gavcdi da serpantinis pirvelive

mosaxvevSi Camovedi transportidan,

danarCeni fexiT unda gvevlo.

oTxni viyaviT _ Tiniko, daTo, Zia

da me. Tinikoc da daToc tye-RreSi

gamocdili mogzaurebi arian, mec,

ase Tu ise vqaCav, ai, Zias ki aSkarad

etyoboda, ro gamoucdeli iyo. amas

pirvelad maSin mivxvdiT, rodesac

transportidan Camosulebma bargis

gadanawileba daviwyeT. Zias iseTi

zurgCanTa hqonda wamoRebuli, erTi

kilometri ori kilo bargic ro etarebina,

mxarze mosakidebeli qamrebi

mxrebs moaWrida. es problema movagvareT,

magram mere aRmoCnda, ro

TiTqmis CustebiT iyo wamosuli, rac

imas niSnavda, ro erTi aTjer mainc

gadautrialdeboda fexi da SeiZleba

ukan mobrunebac ki dagvWirveboda.

Zias sasaxelod unda iTqvas, ro yvelaze

magrad iara. maSin 15 wlis iyo.

daviZariT da pirveli dabrkoleba

iq Segvxvda, sadac yazbegas saxli dgas

da saxls kidev ramdenime qofaki icavs.

yazbegas saxli aragvis marjvena

napirze (dinebis mimarTulebiT) sul

marto dgas, Sefenili mTis ferdze.

yazbega saxlSi ar iyo, misma qaliSvilebma

ki ZaRlebs veraferi mouxerxes,

amitomac TiTqmis kedelze

mogviwia xoxva. rogorc iqna, aviareT

yazbegas saxls ukan mTis ferdi da

gavswordiT. pirvelive naxevar saaTSi

ise daviRale, vifiqre, aqve gavSli

karavs-meTqi. sworze mwyemsebi

Segvxvdnen. salam-qalamis Semdeg, _


aba, saiT gagiweviaTo, _ da ro gaiges,

yelis tbaze mivdiodiT da Tan Cemi

qoSinic didxans ismines, Tavi gaaqnies

da gza dagviloces. ki gagvikvirda,

uxalisod ro agvixsnes gza, xelebiT

da Tavis gawev-gamoweviT, magram sami

dRis Semdeg, rodesac tbas mivaRwieT,

mivxvdiT ratomac gvixsnidnen uxalisod

_ amxela gzis Cveneba SeuZlebelia

da gansakuTrebiT maSin, roca Ti-

Tqmis gzis dasawyisSi xar. mignebiT ki

mivagnebdiT, topografiuli samxedro

rukac gvqonda da Tan Tbilisidan

erTi TviT adre yelis tbaze namyofi

jaba malaRuraZec xazze iyo, da Tu

sadme orientirs vkargavdiT, egreve

zari jabasTan da, yvelaferi Tavis

adgilze dgeboda.

orsaaTnaxevari ise viareT, erTxelac

ar gavCerebulvarT da sakmaod

didi da rTuli monakveTi gaviareT.

dasasveneblad ro davsxediT, davinaxeT,

ro gudauri TiTqmis motovebuli

gvqonda. ise ki, ucnauri sanaxavi

iyo xevis meore mxares motitvlebuli

gudauri. amis Semdeg kidev cota viareT,

ramdenjerme SevisveneT da aragvis

saTavesTan misulebs, iq, sadac

miwas mowyvetili mdinare CanCqerad

iqceva, davbanakdiT. pirvelma dRem,

rukis da jabas monacemebis Tanaxmad,

sakmaod nayofierad Caiara, anu meore

dRes, daaxloebiT xuTi-eqvsi saaTis-

Tvis ukve yelis tba unda gvenaxa.

im Rames davkrifeT deka da gzad

daTreuli fiCxic mivayoleT da mSvenieri

koconi gamogvivida. davlieT

arayi, romelic imdeni gvqonda, sad

wagveRo, ar vicodiT da daviZineT.

ufro sworad ki daveyareT karvebSi

da gaviTiSeT.

meore dRe ufro rTuli iyo, vidre

wina RamiT warmogvedgina, cecxlis

garSemo mjdomebi arays ro vurtyamdiT.

pirvelad sworad yelis tbaze

gamovcade, Tu rogori mZime SeiZleba

iyos `paxmelia~. me da daTo davitanjeT,

rac Seexeba Zias da Tinikos, maT

araferi etyobodaT. miuxedavad imisa,

rom Zia da Tiniko mkvircxlad Seuyvnen

biliks, iZulebulni gaxdnen, Cemi da

daTos temps morgebodnen, amitomac

yelis tba verc im dRes vnaxeT. Tumca,

erTi aTjer mainc iyvira win wasulma

Ziam, _ vxedav, vxedavo, magram... Cven

vulkanur platos mivuyvebodiT, sadac

ramdenime aTeuli tba aris da albaT

gazafxulobiT kidev ufro meti.

Rame erT-erTi patara tbis napiras

gavaTieT. karvebi qviSaze gavSaleT

da gavimeoreT is, rac wina RamiT _

koconi, oRond cota mokrZalebuli

da dalevac kidev ufro mokrZalebuli.

raSic Tavi ar davzogeT, Wama iyo.

gemrielad mivirTviT da mkvdrebiviT

dagveZina.

daTom dilauTenia wamogvyara. Cven

patara sanapiros jer mze ar mosdgomoda,

kera, ra Tqma unda, gaciebuli

iyo, da amitomac CavicviT yvelaferi,

racki Tan gvqonda, ramenairad

sicives rom ar avetaneT. daTom jer

dasiebul saxeebze Semogvxeda, mere

karvebis garSemo da mTel plaJze jer

kidev Tbili daTvis nakvalevi gvanaxa

da xeli CrdiloeTiT gaiSvira, _ am

goras iqiT yelis tba ariso.

yelis tba marTlac ulamazesi sanaxaobaa,

miT ufro dilauTenia, jer

kidev haeri ro ar iZvris da tbas

mzis sxivebi ar dasdgomia. ggonia,

TiTqos uzarmazari sarkis namsxvrevi

gdia da masSi yvelaferi Cans, rac

mas zeviT aris. mzis amosvlis Semdeg

niavic dauberavs xolme da garda imisa,

ro tba mzis sxivebs ireklavs da

misi sruli silamaziT datkbobas ver

axerxeb, tbac livlivs iwyebs, da sarkis

efeqtic momaval dilamde qreba.

dilaobiT yelis tba yvelaze lamazia.

gadaviReT fotoebi, vibodialeT

aqeT-iqiT da or saaTSi banakSi davbrundiT.

jer aTi saaTic ar iyo. gadavwyviteT,

maleve avbargebuliyaviT,

rom is manZili erT dReSi Cagvevlo,

romlis amovlasac TiTqmis sami dRe

movandomeT. aq cotaTi kanonzomierebis

darRveva movisurveT albaT, da

amitomac moxda ise, rom mainc meore

dRes CavediT.

me mTeli meore dRe weli mawuxebda.

xo, damaviwyda meTqva, rom yovel

Rame wvimda. Cem karavSi wyali Semovida,

Sesabamisad saZile tomaraSic

da weli amitomac mtkioda _ gamicivda.

welis tkivilis gamo, CemTvis

imogzaure saqarTveloSi

adgoma-dajdoma did sirTuleebTan

iyo dakavSirebuli, amitomac daTos,

Tinikos da Zias vuTxari, _ me waval,

ar gavCerdebi, gaxurebulze saerTod

ar mawuxebs welis tkivili, da aragvis

saTavesTan dagelodebiT, iq, sadac

pirveli banaki gvqonda-meTqi. Ziam, _

mec wamogyvebio.

saaTnaxevari-ori saaTi iyo, rac

gzaSi viyaviT, me da Ziam srolis xma

rom gavigeT. Zalian Sors, daaxloebiT

40 wuTis savalSi qveviT davinaxeT,

wertilebi moZraobdnen. Zias

filosofiurad vuTxari, _ mwyemsebi,

maTTan SevisvenoT da iq davelodoT

daTos da Tinikos-meTqi. Tan

gamoricxuli iyo, daTo da Tiniko

agvcdenodnen _ ukana gzaze viRac

RvTisnieris mier agebul yorRanebs

movyvebodiT.

daaxloebiT 40 wuTSi adgilze mivediT.

manamde vxedavdiT, rom mwyemsebi

raRac ucnaurad gadaadgildebodnen.

arc rame oTxfexi dagvinaxavs da

cota eWvi ki Semepara _ mwyemsebisTvis

cota ucnaurad iqcevian-meTqi. mere

vifiqre, monadireebi iqnebian, aba,

sxva vin unda iyos-meTqi...

Руки вверх! _ didi lodis uknidan

gamoZvra axalgazrda ymawvili da

avtomati mogviSvira me da Zias. mas

kidev ori daexmara _ mogviSvires ruminuli

kalaSnikovebi; dagvagdes qvas-

Tan da gvekiTxebian aTas sisuleles.

Zias uxaria, erTferovnul Tbilisur

cxovrebas mowyvetili aseT ambav-

Si ro gaexvia. ver xvdeba, ramdenad

seriozulad SeiZleba ganviTardes

movlenebi da amitomac raRac sisuleleebs

laparakobs, mesazRvreebs

elaparakeba. aRmoCnda, rom osi mesazRvreebi

yofilan da Cven gvadanaSauleben

sazRvris ukanono gadakveTasa

da jaSuSobaSi. me da Zias (15 wlis

aris!). arafers ar gveubnebian, garda

imisa, ro cxinvalSi unda wagviyvanon

da xelisuflebas gadagvcen. gveubnebian,

rom Tavis megobrebs elodebian

da, rogorc ki isini movlen, cxinvalisken

daviZvrebiT, magram gamoCnda

erTi problema _ rodesac gvkiTxes,

marto xarT Tu arao, _ vuTxari, _

ki-meTqi. am Cemma daufiqrebelma pa-

cxeli Sokoladi 21


imogzaure saqarTveloSi

suxma kinaRam imsxverpla daTo: sanam

mesazRvreebis megobrebs velodebodiT,

erT-erTi mesazRvre, romelsac

SemdegSi rododendroni SevarqviT,

durbindiT aremares aTvalierebda.

uceb SaSxana (snaiperski vintovka ra)

moimarjva da Caujda. meorem hkiTxa,

_ ra xdebao, _ da rododendronma, _

viRac zangi da qali modiano. zangi

daTo iyo, wverebSi da damwvari saxiT.

amitomac, sanam yvelafers mivxvdebodi,

instinqtma daaswro Cem gonebas da

saswrafod iyvira _ не стреляйте, они с

нами...

sanam daTo da Tiniko Cvenamde movidnen

(gzaSi maTac egonaT, rom mwyemsebi

daxvdebodaT), avuxseni mesazRvreebs,

rom ar momityuebia isini,

rodesac vuTxari, marto varT-meTqi.

Cvenze win iyvnen da megona, ukve unagirs

iqiT iqnebodnen da amitomac

giTxari, rom marto varT, eseni aq

moCanCaleben-meTqi.

daTo da Tiniko gaRimebulebi movidnen,

Tinikos gzad alpuri yvavilebis

Taigulic ki Seekra. roca

mixvdnen, raSi iyo saqme, iseTive ga-

Rimebulebi darCnen da gverdiT mogvisxdnen.

hoda visxediT ase gaRimebulebi,

sanam is sami mesazRvrec ar

movida. yvelaze uaryofiTi gmiri teroristi

Tu gagaxsendaT vinme, romelime

amerikuli `boevik~-trileridan,

ai, sworad eg gmiri iyo erT-erTi im

samidan da amitomac mis danaxvaze

Rimili bunebrivad wameSala da sa-

Sineli mwuxareba gamomexata saxeze.

yvelaferze vifiqre, rac ki damiSavebia

cxovrebaSi da vinane yvelaferi,

22 cxeli Sokoladi

risi gakeTebac SemeZlo da ar gavake-

Te. kbilebamde SeiaraRebuli, cxenze

amxedrebuli Samil basaevi moemarTeboda

Cvenken dinjad da cxenis yoveli

nabiji maaxlovebda infarqtTan, arada

aseTi axalgazrda viyavi.

sabednierod, Samil basaevi mxolod

`vidze~ aRmoCnda Samil basaevi da im

eqvskacian jgufSi mTavari da yvelaze

saSiSi Turme sul sxva yofila, saxeladac

da gvaradac `ZeduSka~, romlis

sityvac iseTive kanoni iyo danarCeni

xuTisTvis, rogorc _ venesuelis

ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis ministrisTvis

ugo Cavesis sityva.

bevri rom aRar gavagrZelo, dagvavles

xeli da narnariT Camovlili

es daRmarTi sul aRmarTad gviqcies

_ cxinvalisken gzas SevudeqiT.

roca mivxvdiT, ro ar mogvklavdnen,

daviwyeT jer tkbili sityviT axsna,

rom agentebi ar varT, mere cota waviwuwuneT,

mere mxolod vwuwunebdiT

da bolos roca fexebi aRar gvemor-

Cileboda da arc goneba, isev instinqtma

gamogviyvana mdgomareobidan da

gavbrazdiT. ufro sworad ki, Tiniko

gabrazda, Cven ki Tinikoze vbrazobdiT,

_ nu uyviri, aqve dagvxocaven,

dagvCexaven, dagvyrian da egeTi ramerumeebi.

Tinikom Tavisi gaitana: maSin

maRlaferiZe mcxeTa-mTianeTis regionis

gubernatori iyo, amaT vuTxariT,

gadarekeT cxinvalSi, gadarekon

vasosTan da iq gaarkveven, vin varT

Cven. aman gaWra, mirekva-morekvis Semdeg

gviTxres, _ dRes veRar gagiSvebT

da Rame erTad unda gavaTioT, xval ki

Tqven gzaze mibrZandiTo.

im Rames isev is gavakeTeT, rasac

wina RameebSi vakeTebdiT _ iseTi koconi

gvqonda, jordano brunosac ki

SeSurdeboda, arCvis mwvadebi (amaT iq

unadiriaT kidec), cota arayi da cotac

spirtSi gazavebuli wyali. maSin

ki vinaneT, simZimis gamo pirvel banakTan

ori litri arayi ro davtoveT,

magram verafers vizamdiT _ vsviT da

vsviT es wyalnarevi samedicino spirti.

sadRegrZeloebSi yvelam aRvniSneT,

rom politikis dedac da Cven

Zmebi da debi varT, ram gagvyo osi da

qarTvelebi, ro orive marTlmadideblebi

varT da daviZineT, magram tkbilad

vera, imitom rom isev gawvimda da

isev davsveldi.

diliT fotoebi gadaviReT, Zias

avtomatic ki misces xelSi da xelic

gadaxvies. `ZeduSkam~ Tavisi telefoni

Cagvawerina, Cven Cveni miveciT da

saxlSi mSvidobiT davbrundiT.

omamde `ZeduSkac~ rekavda da Cvenc

vrekavdiT masTan, omis mere ki Cveni

telefonebi dadumda. dadumda yelis

tbac, imitom rom iq, qarTvelebis da

saqarTveloSi Camosuli turistebis

garda, aravin dadioda da isic Zalian

iSviaTad, axla ki albaT aRaravin dadis

da, vin icis, kidev ramdeni weli

iqneba ase.

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SoTa rusTaveli, `vefxistyaosani~ _ saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis

`vefxistyaosnis~ akademiuri teqstis damdgeni komisiis bolo redaqciiT;

`mogiTxrobT `vefxistyaosnis~ Sesaxeb~ _ enciklopediuri krebuli poemisa da misi

avtoris Sesaxeb;

`vefxistyaosans~ mogiTxroben avTandil arabuli da mamia malazonia _ poemis

prozauli versia, romlis avtoria filologiis mecnierebaTa doqtori avTandil

arabuli. teqsts erTvis mxatvar mamia malazonias ilustraciebi;

`vefxistyaosans~ warmogidgenT qeTi matabeli _ poemis uZvelesi xelnawerebisa

da mxatvar mamuka TavaqaraSvilis ilustraciebis mixedviT Seqmnili 52 folianti,

romelsac axlavs filolog levan gigineiSvilis esse qarTul da inglisur enebze;

`vefxistyaosnis~ gamocemaTa bibliografia 1712-2008 w.w. _ qarTul da ucxour

enebze dabeWdili poemis 300-ze meti gamocemis CamonaTvali.

wignebi SegiZliaT SeiZinoT literaturul art kafe `qaravanSi~.

misamarTi: furcelaZis q. 10

telefoni: +995 32 99 66 91

899 67 77 56 irina


24 cxeli Sokoladi


aze fiqrobs urban reaqtori

rusudan mirzikaSvili da levan asabaSvili

avtori: nino lomaZe

foto: daviT mesxi

istoria

cxeli Sokoladi 25


istoria

`aravin icis, rogor gaxdeba ukeTesi Cveni qalaqi, amas mxolod lamazi provinciuli

dasaxlebebis TvalierebiT, masStabebis cvliT, an ocnebis qalaqebis

agebiT ver moaxerxeb. amisTvis ubralod, gareT unda gaxvide da gaiaro~.

jein jeikobsi

`qalaqi xalxisTvisaa~

erTi oTaxi

amaRlebis quCaze, `ai, iq, sololaks

ivaniSvilis biznes centri

rom adgas Tavze, imis qvemoT~,

rusos da levanis saxlSi mivdivar.

orientirad haiteq stilis

Senobas viReb da misamarTs maSinve

vpoulob. rkinis WiSkriT mocu-

26 cxeli Sokoladi

cqnul ezoSi Sevdivar. pirdapir

naxevrad dangreul orsarTulian

saxls vxedav. meore sarTulze

wina kedeli mTlianad CamorRveulia

da ZvelisZveli Spaleri, WaRi

da patara SuSabandi moCans, sadac

raRac avejic ki dgas. cxadia, iq

aravin cxovrobs.

am ezoSi adre rva ojaxi cxovrobda.

saxlis qveS, patara sardafSic

Turme qurTebis mraval-

Svilian ojaxs hqonda bina. Zveli

mosaxleebidan iq mxolod levanis

ojaxiRa darCa. ubralod cota

gafarTovdnen da bavSvobisdroindel

saxlSi, meore sarTulze,


miSenebuli abazaniT da sarecxis

gasafeni Zveleburi, gorgolaWiani

TokiT, mSoblebi darCnen. maT

qvemoT levanis Zmis ojaxi dasaxlda.

levani da ruso ki erTi ke-

Tili mezoblis saxlSi cxovroben,

romlebic karga xnis win israelSi

wavidnen sacxovreblad da is erTi

oTaxi maT dautoves. `iSviaTad

Camodian, daxedaven aqaurobas,

madlobas gvetyvian, yvelaferi

ucvleli rom xvdebaT xolme da

mere isev midian~, _ miyveba levani

da ezos sruli aRweris mere saxlSi

miZRveba. patara SuSabandi,

zamTris sicivis dros mcenareebis

droebiTi TavSesafaria. oTaxSi

SesasvlelSi Toras droSa hkidia.

`gansakuTrebiT es axarebs, rom

droSa isev adgilze xvdeba. mokled,

yvelaferi isea, rogorc datoves,

araferi Segvicvlia~.

levani mSoblebTan da ZmasTan

erTad im erT oTaxSi gaizarda,

sadac deda da mama dResac arian.

iq yvelaferi Zveleburadaa, avejic

igive dgas, Spaleric iseTivea,

moxatuli zemodan. `raRacnairad

miyvars iqauroba. momwons

kidec aseT patara sivrceSi rom

gavizardeT. did saxlSi yvelas

Tavisi oTaxi, meti piradi sivrce

aqvs. urTierTobebic sxvanairi

yalibdeba. me da Cemi Zma xSirad

vkinklaobdiT xolme, da ufro

metjer vidre es did saxlSi Sei-

Zleboda momxdariyo, magram es patara

konfliqtebi, vfiqrob, kidev

ufro arkvevs urTierTobebs, aaxlovebs

adamianebs erTmaneTTan~.

* * *

ramdenjerac wereTelze stadionis

monakveTs gaivlis, rusos

Tavisi `erTi oTaxi~ axsendeba. patara,

erTsarTuliani mogrZo saxli

da is erTi oTaxi, sadac deda,

mama, bebia, TviTon da patara Zma

cxovrobdnen. raRacnairi fragmentuli

da romantikulia es mogoneba

_ sawoli, sadac dedasTan

erTad eZina, mocucqnuli samzareulo,

sadac bebia fusfusebda,

saerTo ezo, sadac mezobel bavSvebTan

erTad TiTqmis mTel dRes

atarebda. mere mSoblebma doliZis

quCaze didi bina miiRes da iq gadasaxldnen,

magram is patara oTaxi,

erTmaneTze rom brazobdnen da

erTi omaxiani karis gajaxunebis,

an `samudamo~ gabutvis saSualeba

ar hqondaT, mainc sxvanairad

axsendeba. ambobs, rom axali bina

da sakuTari piradi sivrce maSinve

ratomRac ver moirges. `xSirad

mainc erT oTaxSi visxediT xolme~.

es `erTi oTaxi~ ucnaurad

istoria

amekviata. ufro sworad, es maTi

cxovrebis akviateba mgonia, radgan

yvelaferi, rasac isini ake-

Teben, razec fiqroben, muSaoben,

ganicdian da uxariaT, konkretuli

Tu zogadad sivrcis garSemo

trialebs da yovelTvis akviatebuli

erTi patara oTaxidan iwyeba.

oTaxi akademiaSi

rusos rom vkiTxe, ase mipasuxa,

_ akademiaSi erTi gavrcelebuli

miTis da ambiciis gamo Cavabareo.

miTis _ akademiaSi bohemuri

atmosferos Sesaxeb da ambiciis,

romelsac im mizans arqmevs, rac

maSin hqonda _ undoda rame masStaburSi,

globalurSi mieRo monawileoba.

da Caabara kidec. levanic

iq gaicno, kurselebi iyvnen.

ise, zustad arc erTma ar icoda,

ra undodaT. ufro zustad, rac

icodnen dRes, is zedapiruli da

araseriozuli eCvenebaT. `sindisi

mqenjnis xolme, roca maxsendeba,

rogori miamiturebi viyaviT. arada,

ramdeni ramis swavla da gake-

Teba, SeiZleba Secvlac ki Segve-

Zlo~. gvian mixvdnen, rom mTavari

arqiteqturaSi misi socialuri

funqcia da Sinaarsi iyo da ara

dizaini da vizualuri formebi;

rom karg arqiteqturas maincdamainc

bevri fuli ar sWirdeba;

cxeli Sokoladi 27


istoria

rom konstruqciis teqnikur detalebze

yuradRebis gamaxvileba

Zalian mniSvnelovania, maT ki es

drois fuW flangvad miaCndaT. ho,

da gemovneba. imasac gvian mixvdnen,

rom qalaqSi, arqiteqturaSi

da zogadad, urbanul cxovreba-

Si yvelaze mTavari adamianebi da

maTi uflebebia. mokled, es Ziebis,

cdis, winaswari ganwyobebis ngrevis

da imedgacruebebis periodis

dasawyisi iyo. mxolod intuiciiT

grZnobdnen, rom raRac mniSvnelovan

xazs acdenilebi, meorexarisxovan

detalebze amaxvilebdnen

yuradRebas. furclavdnen

maSin jer kidev iSviaTi `TaSenis~

gamocemis priala furclebs da

imaxsovrebdnen arqiteqturul detalebs.

`verasdros vimaxsovrebdi

am mSral informacias. maviwydeboda

arqiteqtorebis saxelebi, nagebobebis

aSenebis TariRebi~. albaT

swored imitom, rom aqcents

arasworad svamdnen. ar icodnen,

ra socialuri, ekonomikuri da

28 cxeli Sokoladi

politikuri procesebi uswrebda

win am axali stilis da mimarTulebebis

formirebas. ubralod iyo

_ mogwons? ar momwons. me is ufro

momwons. da rac ufro moswondaT,

imis mibaZvas cdilobdnen. erTi

sityviT, maT varskvlavoba, `magari

arqiteqtoroba~, originaluri

dizainebis keTeba undodaT. dRes

ukvirT, rom gverdze rCebodaT

yvelaze mTavari _ rodesac proeqtze

muSaobdnen, sivrces adamianebisgan

daclil, cariel obieqtebad

aRiqvamdnen.

akademiaSic iyo erTi patara

oTaxi, sadac bolo kursebze, leqciebis

garda, mTel dros atarebdnen.

albaT mxolod es oTaxi

amarTlebda rusos molodinebs,

akademiis studentebis `miTiuri

bohemuri cxovrebis~ Sesaxeb. Sei-

Zleba am oTaxisTvis Rirda kidec

iq swavla. radgan yvelaze mTavari

rac institutidan gamoyvaT, is

adamianebi arian, visTan erTadac

iq trialebdnen da kiTxvebi, rom-

lebze pasuxis Ziebac dRemde ar

dausrulebiaT. `oTaxSi~ Rame xSirad

rCebodnen da xazavdnen plan-

Setebze, feravdnen da mere erTmaneTis

namuSevrebs arCevdnen. isev

_ mogwons? ar momwons. me is ufro

momwons-diskursSi.

levanis da rusos saerTo istoriac

im oTaxidan iwyeba. Tavidan

ubralod megobrobdnen, mere megobrobas

sxva rameebic daemata da

imad iqca, rac dRes erTmaneTis-

Tvis arian _ `megobrebi da partniorebi~.

`yvelas ukvirda, ase

rom vacnobdiT erTmaneTs. arada,


zustad gamoxatavs imas, rac Cven

erTmaneTisTvis varT. saSinlad ar

uxdeba am yvelafers Seyvarebuli,

Zalian bavSvuri mgonia es epiTeti.

maSinac ase vfiqrobdi da axlac

ase vfiqrob~.

ase rom ar efiqraT, im arcTu

ise romantikuli gadawyvetilebis

miReba Zalian gauWirdebodaT, rac

institutis damTavrebamde cota

xniT adre miiRes. maT miznebis misaRwevad

pirvel rigSi xarisxiani

ganaTlebis miReba sWirdebodaT.

amas savaraudod erTad ver moa-

rom am Sansis xelidan gaSveba ar

Rirda, amitom fakuleteti aRar

gauprotestebia da wavida. levani

germaniaSi gaemgzavra da gadawyvita

bedi iqve ecada. Tumca maleve

dabrunda da arqiteqturul kompaniaSi

daiwyo muSaoba.

ruso luvenSi istoriuli qalaqebis

konservaciis saerTaSoriso

kanonmdeblobas, regulirebas da

meTodologias swavlobda da paralelurad,

praqtikuladac muSaobda

jgufTan erTad, erT-erT Zvel

ubanze. pirveli, ramac belgiis im

urban reaqtori fiqrobs, rom, pirvel rigSi,

Sesacvlelia mTliani urbanuli politika, romelic,

maTi azriT, Zalian zedapiruli da myifea, da kidev

SerCeviTi, radgan realurad mxolod maTi uflebebia

daculi, visac fuli aqvs.

xerxebdnen, amitom ase ifiqres _

orives damoukideblad ecada bedi

da, rac mTavaria, gansxvavebuli

mimarTulebebi aerCiaT, rom mere

saerTo saqmeSi funqciebi mxolod

kompetenciis mixedviT gaenawilebinaT

da moqmedebis areali gaefarTovebinaT.

luveni

rusom belgiaSi, istoriuli qalaqebis

konservaciis ganxriT

saswavlo stipendia moipova. am

specialobaze, marTalia, arasdros

uocnebia, magram ifiqra,

civi qalaqis institutSi brinjiviT

daabnia, avtomatizirebuli

biblioTeka iyo. verafriT mixvda,

rogor SeeZlo kompiuteriT

wignebi aerCia. amitom karga xans

biblioTekas sul Soridan uvlida,

sanam gambedaoba ar moikriba,

TviTdajerebuli gamometyvelebiT

avtomatizirebul karSi ar

Sevida da biblioTekars daxmareba

ar sTxova. meore gansacdeli

eseebis weris dros daatyda Tavs.

akademiaSi mxolod proeqtebis xazvis

gamocdilebis mere, sakuTari

azrebis mkafiod Camoyalibe-

istoria

ba da furcelze gadatana Zalian

gauWirda.

luvenis, studentis revoluciuri

ganwyobebisa da cvlilebebis

Semdeg TbilisSi dabrunda

da kulturis, sportisa da Zegl-

Ta dacvis saministroSi, sajaro

samsaxurSi daiwyo muSaoba. male

saministros daxmarebiT staJirebaze

iuneskos ofisSi gaemgzavra,

msoflio memkvidreobis marTvis

Sesaswavlad. da Tavi amoyo dasavluri

biurokratiis namdvil,

isteriul da superteqnokratiul

samsaxurSi _ bevri qaRaldiT,

dokumentomaniiT Sepyrobili TanamSromlebiT

da Tavisuflebisa

da SemoqmedebisTvis sruli vakuumiT.

iq dReebi gaWrili vaSliviT

hgavda erTmaneTs _ orkestris

dasis mowesrigebuli svliT da saqmiani

gamometyvelebiT №123445

konvenciis, №2345 samuSao jgufis

№1456 oTaxisken, da mere isev ukan

_ rac mTavaria, bevri qaRaldiT

xelSi. Tavidan aRtacebuli iyo

am wesrigiT. moswonda da dResac

moswons maTi muSaobis kultura

da pasuxismgebloba. magram Tan

gaacnobiera, rom: biurokratiis

am labirinTebSi adamianebs xSirad

ar axsovT, risTvis muSaoben; rom

am keTilSobilur samsaxurSi mTavari

mainc komerciaa; rom qveynebs

Soris namdvili xelCarTuli br-

Zola imarTeba axali ZeglisTvis

msoflio memkvidreobis statusis

mosapoveblad; da rom es yvelaferi

kulisebs miRma, politikuri

garigebebis xarjze xdeba, da ara

ubralod samarTlianobis dacvisaTvis.

cxeli Sokoladi 29


istoria

30 cxeli Sokoladi

iuneskodan axali aRmoCenebiT

da msoflio masStabis aparatze

cota Secvlili warmodgeniT isev

kulturis saministroSi dabrunda.

axal sammarTveloSi, romelic

kulturuli memkvidreobis teritoriebis

dacvaze muSaobda. `levans

sasacilod ar hyofnida Cemi

sajaro moxelis statusi da es moxsenebiTi

baraTebi, yoveldRiuri

angariSebi~. magram ruso maSin fiqrobda,

rom raRac mniSvnelovans

akeTebda, rodesac am teritoriebis

fizikur dacvaze, regulirebasa

da sakanonmdeblo cvlilebebze

muSaobda. sxvadasxva qveynis

sakanonmdeblo bazebs ikvlevda

da maT analizs samuSao jgufs

awvdida. muSaobda dafinansebis

mopovebazec. `vTargmnidi wignebs

meTodologiis, sakanonmdeblo

regulaciebis Sesaxeb. magram male

mivxvdi, rom Cem mTavar mizans iq

ver mivaRwevdi. vfiqrobdi, rom


yvelaze mniSvnelovani am sferoSi

decentralizacia, pasuxismgeblobis

gadanawileba da axali marTvis

meqanizmis Seqmna iyo. maSin es ar

iyo prioriteti. vifiqre, albaT

yvelafers dro sWirdeba-meTqi da

wamovedi~.

aseTi egzistencialuri krizisebis

dros sakuTar Tavs filosofiur

gamocdebs uwyobs xolme.

iRebs pauzas da imis gaanalizebas

cdilobs, sad ascda mTavar gzas;

ra iyo mizani, riskenac midioda da

ramdenad iyo es is, rac mas marTla

sWirdeboda. maSinac ase moiqca, dajda

da gaixsena _ jer megobrebis

da ojaxis wevrebis rCeva-darigebebi,

motiviT _ risTvis iklav Tavs,

ras aTeneb Rameebs saministroSi;

erTi komfortuli samsaxuri iSove

da moiwyve cxovreba da a.S. mere

muSaobis dros yvelaze didi imedgacruebebic

gaaxsenda da miiRo gadawyvetileba

_ iviwyebs idealizms

da xdeba absoluturad pragmatuli,

karieraze orientirebuli,

cota konformisti gogo. midis

saswavleblad irlandiaSi, xarisxis,

da SeiZleba momavali statusis

mosapovebladac. mere brundeba

ukan, Tbil da komfortul samsaxurSi,

aranairi `Ramis Teneba~ da

`samyaros SecvlisTvis brZola~. da

wavida.

delfti da `dialeqtikuri

eqsperimenti~

amasobaSi levani prezidentis

stipendianti xdeba da holandia-

Si, delftis universitetSi arqiteqturis

fakultetze magistris

xarisxis mosapoveblad midis. pirvel

rigSi imis anazRaureba unda,

rac akademiaSi gamotova. arqiteqturis,

urbanizmis Teoria unda

iswavlos da mis mTavar kiTxvebze

pasuxebi ipovos; sworia Tu ara arqiteqturis

avtonomiuri aRqma da

istoria

ra kavSiri aqvs xelovnebis sxvadasxva

mimarTulebebs erTmaneT-

Tan. `vxvdebodi, rom arqiteqtura

xelovnebis sxvadasxva mimarTulebas

da bevr teqnikur specialobas

aerTianebs. mindoda, gamego, ra

wertilSi gadakveTdnen es absoluturad

gansxvavebuli dargebi

erTmaneTs, Tundac proeqtze mu-

Saobis dros~. akademiaSi ki aseTi

davalebebi hqondaT xolme. mocemuloba:

skolis proeqti. raRac N

farTobze, N raodenobis saklaso

oTaxiT da a.S. magram arasdros

icodnen, sad igeboda skolis Senoba,

rogori dasaxlebuli iyo

teritoria, rogori xalxi cxovrobda,

ra problemebi hqondaT.

`es Zalian mniSvnelovani detalebia.

gamodis ar vfiqrobdiT, rom

am proeqtebs Cven realurad adamianebisTvis

vakeTebdiT~.

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 96

CvenTan, sivrce socialuri kuTvnilebaa. magitom

miyvars es TviTSeqmnili naxalovka. iq Cven uaxles

istorias waikiTxav _ rogor agebdnen adamianebi

saxlebs, ra masalebs iyenebdnen da rogor dizains

irCevdnen. es aris swored is kulturuli muxti,

romelic kargad iq Cans, sadac kontroli naklebia da

metia Tavisufleba.

cxeli Sokoladi 31


istoria

32 cxeli Sokoladi


Zola TavisuflebisTvis

avtori: nino jafiaSvili

foto: gogi cagareli, iuri meCiTovi

cxeli Sokoladi 33

soxumi 1992


istoria

`erT ambavs getyvi, kargad rom

mixvde, ra sigiJeSi vcxovrobdiT

90-ian wlebSi, _ meubneba Toma da

ecineba, _ rodesac SevardnaZe saqarTveloSi

Camovida, kitovani

mivida da uTxra, _ atomuri bombi

maqvso. SevardnaZem jaba daibara

da sruliad seriozulad hkiTxa:

kitovani ase ambobs da, marTla

rame xom ar aqvso? me vici, rom saqarTveloSi

rusebs egeTi araferi

hqoniaTo~.

sicils ucbad wyvets, aRarc am

istoriis moyolas agrZelebs da

Cemi iq yofna droebiT aviwydeba.

ramdenime wamSi spontanuri fiqrebidan

gamofxizlebuli xmamaRla

meubneba: `ici, ratom unda vicodeT,

rogorebi viyaviT axlo warsulSi?

imitom, rom me, magaliTad, ar var

darwmunebuli, rom Cven Tu es daviviwyeT,

sazogadoeba aRarasodes

gaimeorebs imas, rac Caidina, ar var

darwmunebuli, rom qarTvelebi kidev

erTxel ar daangreven sakuTar

qveyanas sakuTari xeliT~.

Toma CageliSvils, TiTqmis aTi

welia, vicnob da rac vicnob, sul

saqarTvelos uaxles istoriaSi iqeqeba.

ar meguleba am bneli da sastiki

epoqis arc erTi mTavari moqmedi

piri, romelsac piradad ar Sexvedria

da saaTobiT ar usaubria. rom

hkiTxoT, dawvrilebiT agixsniT,

rogor miviReT damoukidebloba

ise, rom arc ki gagvigia, mogiyvebaT,

rogor gaatara saqarTvelos pirvelma

prezidentma Tavisi ukanaskneli

dReebi, ratom daeca soxumi an

ratom esrodnen qarTvelebi erTmaneTs

zurgSi; rogor eyo Tbilisis

da afxazeTis omiT daRlil qveyanas

da xalxs Zala, gangsteruli epoqis-

Tvisac gaeZlo, rogor ibrZoda Cveni

saamayo kulturuli elita privilegiebisTvis,

roca dasWirdaT rusebis

mier darigebuli avtomatebiT xelSi.

im istoriebis nawili, romelic

Tomam detalurad Seiswavla, mis

satelevizio filmebSi moxvda, nawilic

_ `cxeli SokoladisTvis~ Caweril

am interviuSi.

SeiZleba Tqven es periodi kargad

34 cxeli Sokoladi

gaxsovT, me bevri rame daviwyebuli

mqonda, didi nawili ki arc vicodi.

ubralod, ar damviwyebia, im radikaluri

dapirispirebis dros romel

mxares videqi, da ganvicdi amas,

Tumca zustad aseve Semrcxveboda,

sapirispiro mxares rom vmdgariyavi.

mokled, Tu Tqven rodesme am periodis

gaxseneba dagWirdebaT, gecodinebaT,

rom am saubris Canaweri

SeiZleba amaSi dagexmaroT. Tavad

mixvdebiT, ra gadavlaxeT, ra gavacnobiereT,

ras aRar CavidenT da

dRemde ra ar Segvifasebia. mixvdebiT,

rogorc erma da qveyanam, risi

Sansi gavuSviT xelidan, da jer kidev

risi Secvla SegviZlia.

Toma, ra xdeba saqarTveloSi maSin,

rodesac sabWoTa kavSiri iSleba?

rodesac cvlilebebis qarma dabera

da mosaxleobas Tavisi azris gamoTqmis

saSualeba mieca, qarTvelma

xalxma konkretulad da mkafiod

ganacxada: Cven gvinda damoukidebloba.

es iyo mTavari dakveTa.

im periodSi qveyanas isev komunisturi

elita marTavda, Tumca

ukve Candnen isinic, vinc saqarTvelos

damoukideblobaze xmamaRla

daiwyes laparaki.

vin aris es xalxi?

profesorebidan dawyebuli kanonieri

qurdebiT damTavrebuli.

zviadi, qarTvelTa saTayvanebeli

mwerlis konstantine gamsaxurdias

Svilia, misi, rbilad rom vTqvaT,

Secdomebi mxolod viwro disidenturma

wreebma ician. akaki baqraZis

leqciebze auditoriebSi teva ar

aris, nodar naTaZe universitetis

profesoria, irakli baTiaSvili

elituri ojaxis Svilia, irakli wereTeli,

disidenturi saqmianobis

gamo, axali gamosulia sapatimrodan.

mokled, yvela ganaTlebuli

adamiania, raRac TvalsazrisiT _

elitis wevric.

am wreSi udidesi avtoritetiT

sargeblobs merab kostava. is principebisTvis

mebrZoli adamiania, 10

weli gadasaxlebaSi, cixeebSi gaata-

ra, mxolod da mxolod imitom, rom

komunistebis winaSe bodiSi ar moixada,

formaluradac ki.

gia Wanturia, romelic momaval-

Si yvelaze Zlier partias qmnis da

jaba ioseliani _ profesori, yofili

kanonieri qurdi. mokled, isini

ar arian ubralo adamianebi.

ai, es aris Cveni momavali politikuri

elita, romelsac komunisturi

partia male mmarTvelobas

aCuqebs. ai, es adamianebi hpirdebian

qarTvel xalxs, rom damoukideblobamde

miiyvanen. magram saqme isaa,

rom maT Tavad ar sjeraT imis, rasac

xalxs hpirdebian, ar sjeraT,

rom saqarTvelos damoukidebloba

realuria.

ai, erTi magaliTi amis sailustraciod:

zviad gamsaxurdia ukve

uzenaesi sabWos Tavmjdomarea,

misi moadgile akaki asaTiani moskovSi,

gorbaCovTan Sexvedraze Cadis.

akaki asaTiani miyveba: `vxedav, rom

kremlSi aranairi wesrigi, aranairi

simkacre ar aris, visac saidan unda,

iqidan Semodis, saidanac unda, gadis,

Cans, rom moSlilia mTeli sistema.

Camovedi da zviads veubnebi:

`zviad, sabWoTa kavSiri iSleba! man

ki bolomde ver daijera~.

radgan politikur elitas ar

sjera imis, rom sabWoTa kavSiri

SeiZleba Zalian male daiSalos, arc

imis sjera, rom male xelisufleba-

Si mova da amitom pasuxismgebloba

saerTod ara aqvs da es aris yvelaze

tragikuli.

ra saWiro iyo amdeni laparaki damoukideblobaze,

sabWoTa kavSiri am

dros xom Tavisi sikvdiliT kvdeba?

magas maSin veravin xedavda. Tavad

amboben, rom rodesac erovnuli

moZraoba daiwyes, aravin fiqrobda,

rom xval parlamentis wevrebi,

premier-ministrebi, prezidentebi

gaxdebodnen; ar egonaT, rom mTavrobaSi

movidodnen.

ra lozungebi aqvT, rogor undaT,

rom damoukideblobas miaRwion?

unda SeeqmnaT erovnuli kongre-


Tbilisi 1988

aprili, Tbilisi 1989

istoria

Tbilisi 1990

aprili, Tbilisi 1989

merab kostavas dakrZalva, Tbilisi 1990


istoria

si, anu komunistebis alternatiuli

xelisufleba, Tumca konkretulad

ra unda ekeTebina kongress, kaci-

Svilma ar icoda.

amave dros saSineli radikalebi

iyvnen, baltiispirelebi, vinc im

dros damoukideblobisken arCevnebis

gziT midioda, aq sasacilod

aigdes. arCevnebi qarTvelebisTvis

xelisuflebasTan alianss niSnavda.

is xalxi, vinc ambobda, _ monawileoba

unda miviRoT arCevnebSio,

moRalateebad gamoacxades.

1990 wlis martSi arCevnebi mar-

Tlac CaiSala da komunistebs xelisuflebaSi

yofna TiTqmis erTi

wliT gauxangrZlivdaT.

ratom viyaviT Cven politikurad

aseTi umwifrebi da axlomxedvelebi?

erTaderTi obieqturi mizezi,

riTac SeiZleba es umwifroba gavamarTloT,

isaa, rom 200 weli ar

vicodiT, ra iyo saxelmwifoebrioba.

Cven ngrevis specialistebi aRmovCndiT,

imitom rom ar vicodiT

Seneba.

90-ian wlebSi mTel msoflio-

Si saqarTvelo xdeba rekordsmeni

ekonomikis ngreviT, Cven da tajikeTi.

91-dan 93 wlamde, 3 weliwadSi

saqarTvelom 50 wliT ukan daixia.

am gamoucdelobis gamo, am etapze

ra Secdomebi mogvdis da risi Secvlis

Sanss vuSvebT xelidan?

qveyanaSi maSin ori Zalaa. axali

politikuri elita, romelic

Zalian popularulia, laparakobs

sanukvar miznebze, magram aranairi

kompromisis gagoneba ar unda da

marto gmirobis Cadenaze fiqrobs.

meore mxares arian komunistebi,

romlebic viTom gamocdilebi

arian, viTom ician qveynis marTva,

magram isinic arafris maqnisebi aRmoCndnen,

sakuTar Tavsac ki ver uSveles.

amave dros 9 aprilis Semdeg

sruliad diskreditebulebi arian.

maSin saqarTveloSi 300 aTasze

meti komunisti iyo da isini arCevnebSi

xmas mrgval magidas aZlevdnen,

imitom rom sakuTari Tavis ar

36 cxeli Sokoladi

sjerodaT, Zalian degradirebulebi

da demoralizebulebi iyvnen.

mTavari Secdoma is iyo, rom verc

axalma, verc politikurma elitam,

romelic unda mosuliyo xelisuflebaSi,

da verc komunistebma,

romlebic jer kidev xelisuflebaSi

iyvnen, ver gaiTavisa pasuxismgebloba.

swored amis gamo, Cveni

qveyana sul male faqtobrivad

daingra.

raSi gamoixateba es upasuxismgebloba,

sad Cans, rom politikosebi

ar fiqroben sakuTari nabijebis Sedegebze?

magaliTad: maSindeli gazeTi `komunisti~,

da es ar iyo SemTxveviTi

gamocema, sruliad seriozulad

werda: araqarTvel mosaxleobas

unda avukrZaloT erT Svilze metis

gaCenis uflebao, _ da es sazogadoebis

ganxilvis Tema gaxda.

ganwyoba aseTi iyo: saqarTvelo

varT Cven _ qarTvelebi da sxvebis

_ afxazebis, osebis, azerbaijanelebis,

somxebis, rusebis gadasawyveti

ar aris, rogor unda vicxovroT. me

maxsovs, osuri organizacia `adamon

nixasis~ erT-erT gancxadebaze

irakli wereTelma mitingze Tqva:

`eseni viRa arian, amaTi saqme isea,

kum fexi gamoyoo~, anu osebi sasacilod

aigdo. maSindeli erovnuli

moZraoba sxva erebis mimarT siZulvils

Tesavda. araferi ar moxdeboda

am xalxs rom dalaparakebodnen,

magram fexebze ekidaT is, ras ake-

Tebdnen, emociebiT xelmZRvanelobdnen.

Cveni pirveli prezidenti

gaxda adamiani, romelic afxazebs

eubneboda: Tqven rogorc eri ar

arsebobT da Tu TviTgamokveva gindaT,

wadiT da CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi

gamoerkvieTo.

rodesac gamsaxurdia xelisuflebaSi

movida, siebi Seadgines da osebs

samsaxuridan erekebodnen. gamsaxurdias

xelisuflebam bakurianSi

10-15 sofeli 48 saaTSi dacala

osebisgan. igive xdeboda kaxeTSic.

Cveni sazogadoebis umravlesoba

amas mxars uWerda, moswondaT ose-

bs rom erekebodnen, Zalian moswondaT,

roca afxazebs vCagravdiT.

rogori iyo amaze afxazebis da osebis

pasuxi, aris Tu ara maTi politikuri

elita ufro brZeni?

sabWoTa kavSiris daSlisas, rogorc

Cven veZebdiT axal adgils,

aseve eZebdnen isinic axal sasicocxlo

sivrces. Cven rom saerTo

ena mogveZebna, orivesTvis kargi

iqneboda, magram Cveni politikuri

elita erTnairi iyo _ sadac qar-

Tvelebi osebs jobnidnen, iq osebs

erekebodnen, sadac osebi qarTvelebs

_ qarTvelebs erekebodnen. igive

xdeboda afxazeTSic. gudauTidan

qarTvelebi morbodnen, soxumidan

afxazebi garbodnen.

erTnairi umecrebaa samive mxares.

Cvenc, osebic da afxazebic erTnairi

qajebi viyaviT da erTmaneTi

gvZulda.

Tumca imis paralelurad, rom

qarTvelebi osebs da afxazebs upirispirdebian,

dapirispireba dawyebulia

Tavad erovnuli moZraobis

SigniT. ratom?

radikaluri dapirispireba mas Semdeg

daiwyo, rac gamsaxurdiam ganacxada,

rom 1990 wlis gazafxulze

uzenaesi sabWos arCevnebSi miiRebda

monawileobas. opoziciam gamsaxurdias

es gadawyvetileba did

Secdomad da kremlis TamaSSi monawileobad

Seafasa. Wanturiam gamoacxada,

rom gamsaxurdia da SevardnaZe

aliansSi arian, gamsaxurdia

kremlis agentia. gamsaxurdia igives

ambobda Wanturiaze, dapirispireba

TandaTan Rrmavdeboda.

maSin sazogadoebam arCevani gamsaxurdias

sasargeblod gaakeTa.

imave wlis 26 maiss lokomotivis

stadionze gamsaxurdias mxardasa-

Werad Zalian bevri xalxi mivida,

gamsaxurdia xelSi aitaces da ise

Semoatares wre. ai, maSin iqca zviad

gamsaxurdia beladad.

opozicia mixvda, rom qarTuli

sazogadoebis didi nawili gamsaxurdias

mxares iyo.


Tbilisis samoqalaqo omi, 1991

Tbilisis samoqalaqo omi, 1991

1990

Tbilisis samoqalaqo omi, 1991

Tbilisi, 1996


istoria

amitom 1990 wlis 30 oqtombers

gamsaxurdia Tamamad wavida arCevnebze

da gaimarjva kidec, Tumca

bedis ironia isaa, rom gamsaxurdias

egona, umciresobaSi iqneboda.

mrgval magidas egona, rom

komunistebis opoziciaSi iqneboda.

rodesac arCevnebis Sedegebi

gamoacxades, gamsaxurdias pirveli

sityvebi iyo: `axla ra vqnaT~?!

xelisuflebaSi mosvla pasuxismgeblobas

niSnavda.

gamsaxurdia xelisuflebaSi noemberSi

movida, dekemberSi ki ukve

problemebi hqonda oseTSic da

afxazeTSic.

pirveli, rac erovnulma mTavrobam

gaakeTa, uari Tqva axal samokavSireo

xelSekrulebaze, romlis

gaformebasac mixail gorbaCovi

cdilobda.

axali samokavSireo xelSekruleba

ganaxlebuli sabWoTa kavSiris Seqmnas

gulisxmobda.

kremlSi Sexvedrisas gorbaCovma

akaki asaTians hkiTxa: rad gindaT

damoukidebloba? akaki asaTiani pasuxobs,

_ gulwrfelad rom vTqva,

minda, rom Cemma Svilma rukaze naxos

Tavisi qveyana. es Cveni dapireba

iyo da amaze uars ver vityvi-

To. akaki asaTiani miyveba: `erTxans

miyura gorbaCovma da mere miTxra:

iseTi rame ar gaakeToT, rom ukan

dasaxevi gza ar daitovoT, erTi aTi

wlis Semdeg saqme SeiZleba ise wavides,

rom damoukideblobaze xeli

Tavad mogiweroT. me vkiTxe, _ mixail

sergeeviC, Tqven fiqrobT, rom

aTi wlis Semdeg sabWoTa kavSiri

aRar iarsebebs? Черт его знает! _ mipasuxa

man~.

am etapze Cans Tu ara saqarTveloSi

dasavleTis interesebi, Tu saqarTvelo

isev mxolod ruseTis anabaraa?

jorj buSma, romelic maSin

ukrainaSi Cavida, calsaxad Tqva,

rom amerika mxars ar uWerda sabWoTa

kavSiris daSlas. Cven gvinda,

rom es qveyana demokratiuli gaxdeso,

_ ambobs igi. am etapze saqar-

Tvelosac Zalian gasagebad uTxres,

38 cxeli Sokoladi

rom Tqven ar gangixilavT rogorc

damoukidebel qveyanas sabWoTa kav-

Siris gareTo.

Tavad sabWoTa kavSirs da gorba-

Covs ki saqme cudad hqondaT. maSin

gorbaCovi cdilobda, rom respublikebi

axal samokavSireo xel-

Sekrulebis xelmoweraze daeTanxmebina

da acxadebda, rom am dokuments

xeli ara marto respublikebma, aramed

avtonomiebmac unda moawerono.

gorbaCovma avtonomiebi saxelmwifoebs

daupirispira. da amiT man

avtonomiebi ruseTs iseve aufeTqa,

rogorc saqarTvelos.

gorbaCovs, romelsac sabWoTa kavSiris

gadarCena undoda, safrTxe

pirvel rigSi ruseTidan emuqreboda.

boris elcini da ruseTis axali

politikuri elita ambobda, _ Cven

Cveni qveyana gvaqvs gadasarCeni da

ar gvWirdeba respublikebi, romlebsac

resursebi unda gavuyoT, maT-

Tan Tanabaruflebian urTierTobas

avawyobTo. elcinsa da gorbaCovs

Soris Zalian mwvave dapirispirebaa.

warmoidgineT, ruseTis prezidents

manqanis sawvavs da saburavebs ar aZlevdnen.

am politikur brZolaSi elcini

gamsaxurdias kargi mokavSire SeiZleba

yofiliyo da iyo kidec. elcini

rom ruseTis prezidenti gaxda,

mis banketze Tamada gamsaxurdia

iyo. Rvinoebi da koniakebi qarTvelebma

Caitanes. elcini Tanaxma iyo

oseTis avtonomiuri olqis gauqmebaze

da gamsaxurdias SeuTanxmda,

rom kavkasiaSi saerTo politikas

gaatarebdnen. Tumca es urTier-

Toba gamsaxurdias dudaevTan megobrobam

gaafuWa. gamsaxurdiam

elcinis saxiT mokavSire dakarga

da uneblieT aRmoCnda saqarTvelo

gorbaCovis TamaSSi CarTuli.

rogor transformirda damoukideblobisTvis

brZolis idea ZalauflebisTvis

brZolad, rogor mivida

ase mokle droSi qveyana samoqalaqo

omamde?

zviad gamsaxurdiasTvis da mTeli

saqarTvelosTvis 1991 wlis 2 se-

qtemberi gadamwyveti aRmoCnda. im

dRes giorgi Wanturia kinos saxlis

win mitings marTavda. iq maqsimum

200 kaci idga. axlac maxsovs kinos

saxlidan rusTavelis Zeglamde sivrce

Sevsebuli ar yofila. arc gza

iyo gadaketili.

kacma ar icis ratom, gamsaxurdiam

mitingis daSla gadawyvita, darbevisas

pistoletebidan gaisroles

da ramdenime adamiani daiWra kidec.

9 aprilis mere qarTul sazogadoebaSi

mitingis daSla 9 aprilis

tolfas danaSaulad iTvleboda.

1989 wlis Semdeg mitingi saqarTveloSi

arasdros aravis dauSlia.

axla kidev erTi SemTxveva, 7 noemberic

gamaxsenda.

mgoni, marTla asea. mokled 91

wlis 2 seqtembers qarTvelebisTvis

TiTqmis 9 aprili gameorda.

am dRidan moyolebuli ise swrafad

ganviTarda yvelaferi, rom veravin

moaswro azrze mosvla. 4 Tve-

Si ise airia situacia, rom ZaRli

patrons veRar cnobda. yoveldRe

Cxubebi, Setakebebi, mitingebze Tavpiris

lewva, saSineli ganukiTxaoba

xdeboda.

opozicias axali liderebi gamouCnda

_ Tengiz kitovani da Tengiz

sigua _ gamsaxurdias yofili

premier-ministri da sardali, romlebic

mxolod da mxolod imaze

iyvnen nawyenebi, rom Tanamdebobebi

dakarges. veravin ityvis, rom isini

politikuri ideebisTvis an idealebisTvis

ibrZodnen.

imis gamo, rom kitovans jari

hyavda, masTan da siguasTan gaer-

Tianda mTeli opoziciac. aqve idga

kulturuli da inteleqtualuri

elitac, romelic ambobda: CvenTan

aris simarTle da samarTali, gamsaxurdia

aris sibnele. gamsaxurdias

winaaRmdeg isini sityviTac

ibrZodnen da kalaSnikovebiTac,

maT iseve miiRes monawileoba qveynis

dangrevaSi, rogorc yvela danarCenebma.

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 99


soxumi 1993 afxazeTi 1993

afxazeTi 1992

soxumi 1992

soxumi 1993


interviu

arseni roginski:

ruseTSi ar arsebobs politikuri sivrce

avtori: nino beqiSvili

SarSan noemberSi hainrih biolis fondma da germanuli

saxalxo universitetebis asociaciam (dvv

international) gamarTes erToblivi vorqSofi Temaze

„saqarTvelos sabWoTa warsulis gaazreba“, sadac

qarTvelebTan erTad monawileobdnen germaneli,

baltiispireli da rusi sabWoTa istoriis specialistebi.

vorqSofze moxseneba waikiTxa cnobilma

rusma disidentma, adamianis uflebebis damcvelma

da istorikosma arseni roginskim. misi moxseneba

stalinizmis gaazrebis rusul diskurss Seexeboda.

arseni roginski gasuli saukunis 70-iani wlebidan

ikvlevs sabWoTa terors, aris araerTi krebulis

avtori da redaqtori, uflebadacviTi organizaciis

„memorialis“ erT-erTi damaarsebeli da gamgeobis

wevri.

interviu arseni roginskisTan swored vorqSofis

Semdeg CavwereT.

40 cxeli Sokoladi

Tqven stalinizmis mkvlevari xarT. rogor SeiZleba axsnaT

Tanamedrove ruseTSi stalinis popularoba?

ruseTSi stalinis maRali reitingis Sesaxeb sayovel-

Taodaa cnobili. es ambavi normalur adamians, cxadia,

SokSi agdebs. imasac getyviT, rom sinamdvileSi stalinma

satelevizio konkursSi „ruseTis saxeli“, mesame ki ara,

pirveli adgili daikava. im adamianebis ricxvi, vinc dRevandel

ruseTSi stalins ukanaskneli saukuneebis yvelaze

ufro warmatebul adamianad Tvlis, marTlac didia _

ruseTis mosaxleobis daaxloebiT 53 procenti. am dros

amave mosaxleobis daaxloebiT 70 procenti stalinur

represiebs gaumarTleblad miiCnevs. da es Sizofrenia

ar aris, ase paradoqsuladaa mowyobili dRevandeli ruseTis

sazogadoebrivi cnobiereba.

amis mizezi, upirveles yovlisa, rusuli sazogadoebrivi

cnobierebis formirebaSia saZebni, rac gasuli

saukunis 90-ian wlebSi, sabWoTa kavSiris daSlasTan er-


Tad daiwyo. ssrk-s daSlas maSin jer kidev aravin uwodebda

„did geopolitikur katastrofas“, rogorc Semdgom

daarqva putinma. istoriuli mexsierebis afeTqeba,

romelic „perestroikis“ wlebs mohyva da rogorc maSin

gveCveneboda, axali istoriuli realoba Seqmna, maleve

CaCumda mravali mizezis gamo, gansakuTrebiT ki imis

gamo, rom ruseTSi adamianebma dakarges socialuri statusi,

amas mohyva sakmaod mtkivneuli reformebi, sayovelTao

qaosi. daisva SekiTxva _ „vin varT? adre sabWoTa

adamianebi viyaviT. dRes vin varT?“ am kiTxvaze pasuxi

advilad moZebnes saqarTveloSi, litvaSi, yirgizeTSi _

ssrk-s SemadgenlobaSi Semaval yvela respublikaSi. rusebi

ki ver daeyrdnen rsfsr-s identobas. rsfsr-s istoria

masaTa cnobierebaSi ar iyo gamoyofili sabWoTa

kavSiris da ruseTis imperiis istoriisgan. „vin varT“ _

am kiTxvaze pasuxis Ziebisas xalxi nel-nela gadaixara sabWoTa

warsulisken da gansakuTrebiT breJnevis drosken,

roca garkveuli stabiluroba iyo. amas daerTo erTi faqtic:

maSin, 90-ianebSi, imdroindeli qaosiT Sewuxebul

rusebs yofili sabWoTa respublikebis, gansakuTrebiT,

baltielebisgan wamosulma pretenziebma nacionaluri

wyena gauCina: „guSin erTad viyaviT, dRes ki gamodis, rom

yvelaferSi damnaSaveebi Cven varT. Tanac isini, Cvenze

ukeT cxovrobdnen, iq Saqari 90 kapiki Rirda, CvenTan _

98“. ra moxda respublikebSi? isini amboben, Cven gvqonda

didi istoria, movidnen bolSevikebi da dagvipyres, da

axla gavTavisufldiT _ swored amis sapasuxod gaCnda

ruseTSi Zlieri nacionaluri wyena da kompleqsi: „guSin

pativs gvcemdnen da dRes vezizRebiT“. roca baltielebi

da polonelebi amboben, _ rusebma faSistebi gayares

da TviTon dagvipyreso _ es absoluturad gaugebaria

rusebisTvis, romlebic Tvlian, rom berlinSi midiodnen

da gzad moZme erebi gaaTavisufles. roca ruseTSi gaiges,

rom saqarTveloSi okupaciis muzeumi gaixsna, es maT

udides Seuracxyofad miiRes.

Zlieri xelis, stabilurobis, nacionaluri siamayis

moTxovnileba xalxSi TandaTan ufro Zlierdeboda da

es yvelaferi nel-nela miiwevda sabWoTa warsulisken.

elcins ar surda sabWoTa warsulze dadebiT konteqst-

Si saubari da moifiqra, rom Cven gmiruli warsuli 1917

wlamde gvqonda, da amitom, unda gvyvareboda stolipini,

aleqsandre meore da sxva... xalxma es saerTod ver

gaigo. movida putini da Zalian martivi da pirdapiri

pasuxi gasca xalxs: „Tqven didi ruseTis Svilebi xarT,

Tqven ssrk-s memkvidreeebi xarT. Tqven unda iamayoT

ssrk-Ti, Cven davamarcxeT faSizmi, Cven ukan mxolod gamarjvebebia

da a.S.“. es mSvenivrad gaigo xalxma. putinis

roli ruseTis dRevandel prostalinistur ideologia-

Si Zalian didia, magram es politikac garkveuli sazogadoebrivi

SekveTis sapasuxod gaCnda. aRarafers vambob

sabWoTa simbolikis dabrunebaze, es isedac cnobilia.

2003 wels putini Sexvda rus istorikosebs da Tqva, _

Cven didi istoria gvqonda da am gmiruli istoriis ma-

interviu

galiTze unda aRvzardoT axali Taoba, rusi eris mTavari

gamarjveba faSizmze gamarjvebaao. 2005 wlis gamarjvebis

wlisTavi mTeli qveynisTvis sayovelTao „vaSad“

iqca, ris fasad, rogor gavimarjveT, amaze, rogorc wesi,

ar laparakoben.

dRevandeli rusuli cnobiereba winaaRmdegobrivia:

ruseTi _ Tan ssrk-s gamgrZelebelia, Tan im danaSaulebebze,

rac sabWoTa xelisuflebam Caidina, pasuxismgeblobis

aReba ar unda. oficialuri propaganda ambobs: Cven

mivdivarT gamarjvebebisken da Tan mtrebiT varT garSemortymuli,

qveynis SigniTac arian mtrebi _ magaliTad

Cven, uflebadamcvelebi, mTeli „memoriali“. Tanamedrove

rusul saskolo saxelmZRvaneloebSi asea aRwerili:

terori cudia da msxverpli gvecodeba, magram ai, ase-

Ti fasi gadavixadeT Cveni didi modernizaciisTviso. am

fonze ucnaurad gamoiyureboda medvedevis gamosvla,

roca man stalinis terori axsena da Tqva, rom teroriT

aranairi modernizaciis gamarTleba ar SeiZleba.

is, rom istorikosebi raimes daweren da es rusi xalxis

cnobierebaze ramenairad aisaxeba, Cven ukve gaviareT.

istorikosebma simarTle daweres, uamravi wigni gamoica,

magram moqalaqeebis tvinebze amas aranairi gavlena ar

mouxdenia. ruseTSi mecnierebasa da sazogado cnobierebas

Soris udidesi ufskrulia da arc raime pozitiuri

cvlilebebi Cans am mxriv.

rogori gavlena hqonda politikur cxovrebaze 2008

wlis agvistos movlenebs? ra Seicvala ruseTSi amis Semdeg?

politikuri cxovrebis cudi damkvirvebeli var. magram

meCveneba, rom agvistos oms didi gavlena ar mouxdenia

ruseTis politikur cxovrebaze. ganaTlebul elitas

am omma moutana kidev erTi didi imedgacrueba xelisuflebis

mimarT da aseTi xalxi ruseTSi cota ar aris.

mosaxleobis udidesi nawili ki mTlianad TanaugrZnobda

mTavrobas da gulwrfelad dResaswaulobda gamarjvebas.

omis dReebSi saavadmyofoSi viweqi, 6 agvistos operacia

gavikeTe da loginidan ver vdgebodi. es Cveulebrivi,

rkinigzelTa saavadmyofo iyo, sadac ubralo

adamianebi mkurnaloben. palatebSi televizorebi ar

idga, pacientebi koridorSi gadiodnen televizoris

sayureblad da iqidan maTi SeZaxilebi mesmoda, _ „vaSa!

vaSa!~ Semdeg palataSi Semobrunebulebi didxans laparakobdnen

amaze, Zalian uxarodaT rusuli iaraRis gamarjveba.

mxiarulobdnen, karg ganwyobaze iyvnen. ar vici

ramdeni xniT, magram am omma kidev ufro metad ganawyo

xalxi mTavrobis mxardasaWerad. Tumca, mTavari idea is

ar yofila, rom saqarTveloze gavimarjveT. amerikelebze

gavimarjveTo, _ es iyo xazgasmuli da kidev erTxel

afeTqda isedac Zlieri antiamerikanizmi. me ki Zalian

mZime xasiaTze viyavi, palataSi radio mqonda da, roca

medvedevis sityvebi gavigone osi eris genocidze, mar-

Tla cudad gavxdi. es sityva xelisuflebisgan JRerda

cxeli Sokoladi 41


interviu

putini stalini ar aris. ruseTis mmarTvelebs surT, dasavlel liderebs

daemsgavson. maT undaT, rom dasavleTma pativi sces, Tanac isini Zalian cinikurebi

arian da ician, rom dasavleTi maT bevr rames apatiebs. SemTxveviT xom ar

uswavliaT enebi? mmarTveli elitis Svilebic dasavleTSi swavloben, da maTi

fulic dasavleTSia da ara CineTSi.

rogorc ganaCeni. Zalian cud xasiaTze davdeqi, imis

gamo ki ara, rom rusebma moiges es omi, warmoudgeneli

agitacia-propagandis gamo, da imis gamoc, rom aranairi

sociologiuri kvleva ar damWirvebia, iqve, saavadmyofoSi,

Cem palataSi vnaxe, rogor kargad miiRo da rogor

gaixara ubralo xalxma am yvelafriT. maSin kidev

erTxel davinaxe cxadad, ramdenad Sors varT xalxisgan.

saSineli gancda mqonda Cemi tankebis gamo sxvis miwaze.

saSineli. magram esec, maSin, 2008 wlis agvistoSi ar yofila

pirveli. daaxloebiT aseTive gancda mqonda meore

CeCnuri omis dros. me arc evropel mSvidobismyofelebs

vendobi, isinic raRac Tavis TamaSs TamaSoben. maxsovs,

1999 wels, roca vesaubrebodi Cem megobar germanelebs

da vlaparakobdiT imaze, rom miloSeviCi faSistia, vki-

Txe, _ esTetikurad rogor warmogidgeniaT germanuli

TviTmfrinavi belgradis Tavze-meTqi?

uflebadamcvelebi „memorialidan“ maleve gamoemgzavrnen

saqarTveloSi. me vende Cem kolegebsa da megobrebs,

romlebmac Semdeg Tqves, rom pirveli gasrola

saqarTvelos mxridan iyo. magram amas, mgoni, didi mniSvneloba

ar aqvs. warmoidgineT ori adamiani, erTma meores

mxari gakra, meorem ki sapasuxod _ uro Cakra TavSi.

aseTi Tanafardobaa. saakaSvili rusul propagandaSi

Zalian uaryofiTi figuraa da faSists eZaxian, da miuxedavad

amisa, is CemSi simpaTias ar iwvevs. Tavidanve cxadi

iyo, rom is populistia, populisti xelisuflebis

saTaveSi ki yovelTvis upasuxismgebloa. meCveneba, rom

am omma veranairi roli ver iTamaSa rusuli politikis

ganviTarebaSi, roli iTamaSa xelisuflebis namdvilma

sigiJem _ samxreT oseTisa da afxazeTis aRiarebam, rac

cxadia, omze mniSvnelovania. im fenisTvis, romelsac me

vekuTvni, es omi kidev erTi mizezi iyo imedgacruebisa,

Semdeg daiwyo krizisi da gamarjvebis ganwyoba Zalian

male gauqra xalxs.

Cveni mTavari monapovari postsabWoTa sivrceSi rusuli

enaa da amas unda gavufrTxildeT. putins, rogorc

Cans, hgonia, rom es patara sacodavi oseTi ufro mniSvnelovania,

vidre is, rom saqarTvelom SeiZleba uari

Tqvas rusul enaze. es imdenad sxvadasxva wonis ambebia,

rom amis axsna sasacilocaa. magram dRevandeli ruseTis

mmarTvelebs es ar esmiT.

Tqven sabWoTa teroris mkvlevari xarT. SeiZleba Tu ara

ruseTSi gaxSirebuli politikuri mkvlelobebis terorad

aRqma?

42 cxeli Sokoladi

ara, es stalinuri terori namdvilad ar aris. yvela

mkvlelobas sxvadasxva mizezi aqvs. ruseTis mosaxleobaSi

urapatriotuli ganwyobebi izrdeba. gaCnda neonacisturi

dajgufebebi. isini sakmaod bevrni arian, Tanac

amgvari ganwyobebi yvela asakis mosaxleobaSia. neonacistebi

fiqroben, rom xelisufleba maT mxars uWers, da

garkveulwilad, arc cdebian. samarTaldamcavebi maT

mimarT ufro simpaTiiT arian ganwyobilebi, vidre antipaTiiT.

me mainc mgonia, rom xelisuflebis zeda eSelonebSi

ukve xvdebian am saSiSroebis Sesaxeb. xvdebian,

rom es ara sayrdeni, aramed saSiSroebaa ruseTisTvis.

magram am neonacistur dajgufebebs Zlieri dasayrdeni

aqvT armiasa da samarTaldamcavebSi. vfiqrob, rom

stanislav markelovis mkvleloba marTlac neonacistebis

xeliTaa gakeTebuli, radganac is Zalian aqtiurad

ibrZoda maT winaaRmdeg. SeiZleba, swored maT mierac

iyos mokluli, vinc am saqmezea dapatimrebuli. natalia

estemirovas mkvlelobas sxva mizezi aqvs da pirdapir

ukavSirdeba kadirovis reJims. natalia saocari adamiani

iyo, mas hqonda gansakuTrebuli pasuxismgeblobis grZnoba.

aseTi adamianebi axla Zalian cotani arian. roca

groznoSi putinis saxeli daarqves prospeqts, is ubralod,

aRar dadioda am quCaze. arsebobs aseTi Janri qalaquri

winaaRmdegobisa _ magaliTad, faSisturi reJimis

dros germaniaSi, miunxenSi faSisturi simbolo dadges

da Zalian bevri germaneli gverds uvlida am adgils,

specialuri, SemovliTi marSrutebi SeimuSaves. natalias

ar esmoda miniSnebebisa, ara mxolod CeCneTSi, mTel ruseTSi

saerTod, gavrcelebulia urTierTobis es forma.

arsebobs raRac zRurbli, romelsac ar unda gadaabijo,

aris raRac dauwereli kanonebi, rogor unda moiqce ama

Tu im SemTxvevaSi. cxadia, am wesebs araferi aqvs saerTo

kanonebTan. mas ar esmoda es ena. kadirovi yvelanairad

ecdeba, rom misi sikvdili boevikebs daabralos. eseni,

samiveni _ politkovskaia, markelovi da natalia Cemi

axloblebi iyvnen. politkovskaia da markelovi xSirad

dadiodnen „memorialSi“, ar iyvnen „memorialis“ wevrebi,

magram axlos iyvnen CvenTan. natalia ki Cveni TanamSromeli

iyo da es yvelaferi Zalian mtkivneulia. politkovskaia,

markelovi, estemirova _ es rigi, ra Tqma unda,

arsebobs. maTi mkvlelobebis mizezebi SeiZleba gansxvavebulia,

magram erTi ram namdvilad aerTianebT: ramdenad

saSiSia ruseTSi cxovreba, roca gakveul Temebs ikvlev

da rusul nacionalistur cnobierebas exebi. sqema,

romliTac ruseTis xelisufleba moqmedebs, namdvilad


stalinuria: gareSe mtrebis garemocva da mexuTe kolona

qveynis SigniT. roca am sqemas masebi uWers mxars, da

am masebSi kidev eqstremistuli dajgufebebi arsebobs,

maSin yvelaferi SeiZleba moxdes da saSiSroeba marTlac

realuria. es „civi omis“ klasikuri sabWoTa sqemaa.

magram, meore mxriv, ruseTSi arsebobs damoukidebeli

presa. rogor axerxebs is arsebobas?

albaT dRevandel ruseTSi avtoritarizmi arc ise-

Ti saSiSia. zustad ra SeiZleba ewodos dRevandeli

ruseTis xelisuflebas, rogor SeiZleba aixsnas misi

arsi, ar vici, Sesabamisi sityva jer ar mougonebiaT.

putini stalini ar aris. ruseTis mmarTvelebs surT,

dasavlel liderebs daemsgavson. maT undaT, rom dasavleTma

pativi sces, Tanac isini Zalian cinikurebi

arian da ician, rom dasavleTi maT bevr rames apatiebs.

SemTxveviT xom ar uswavliaT enebi? mmarTveli elitis

Svilebic dasavleTSi swavloben, da maTi fulic dasavleTSia

da ara CineTSi. amitomac, imas, rac maT safr-

Txes ar uqmniT, ase vTqvaT, itanen. ruseTi xom patara

saqarTvelo ar aris! saqarTveloSi albaT erTi didtiraJiani

opoziciuri gazeTic sakmarisi iqneba, ruseTis-

Tvis ki ra aris erTi „exo moskvi“ da „novaia gazeta“?

ramdenime milioni mkiTxveli da msmeneli _ es ruseTis

mosaxleobis erTi procentia. me vfiqrob, rom ufro

didi mniSvnelobisaa radio „Tavisufleba“, romelic

ruseTSi gvarianad izRudeba, magaliTad, peterburgSi

interviu

radio „Tavisufleba“ mxolod mokle talRebze mauwyeblobs.

erTi mxriv, xelisufleba amas imitom uSvebs,

rom dasavleTs aCvenon, _ ai, CvenTan Tavisufali presa

arsebobso. magram es mxolod erTi mxarea. mTavari isaa,

rom damoukidebeli presis msmenelTa da mkiTxvelTa

raodenoba ruseTis xelisuflebisTvis aranair safr-

Txes ar warmoadgens. meinstrimi mTlianad iziarebs

xelisuflebis politikas da nacionalur-patriotuladaa

ganwyobili.

„memoriali“ rogor daarsda? Tqveni organizacia, ukve

20 welia, arsebobs da miuxedavad mravali winaaRmdegobisa,

dRemde sakmao warmatebiTac moRvaweobT.

garkveul xanamde qveyana cxovrobda ise, TiTqos stalinuri

terori arc arsebula. 1987-88 wlebSi, maSin,

roca sajarooba axali dawyebuli iyo, magram qveyanaSi

jer ar arsebobda politikuri Tavisufleba, stalinuri

teroris Temas ukve moexsna tabu da es sakiTxi aqtualuri

gaxda. axalgazrdebis erTi jgufi xelmowerebs

agrovebda teroris msxverplTa memorialebis dasadgmelad,

teroris Semswavleli centrebis dasaarseblad,

sadac iqneboda arqivi, muzeumi. `memorialis“ mTeli

struqtura swored am axalgazrdebma moifiqres, romelTac

manamde disidentur wreebTan aranairi kavSiri

ar hqoniaT.

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 105

cxeli Sokoladi 43


interviu

interviu jeimz qarTerTan

avtori: kaxa Tolordava

foto: levan xerxeuliZe

`swori notebis aReba

yvelaferi araa, Tu suli

ar gazarde; mxolod

asea SesaZlebeli musikis

gakeTilSobileba! musikas Tu

siaxlisken ar ubiZge, ajobebs,

saxlSi darCe da Zvel diskebs

usmino~ _ jeimz qarTeri.

44 cxeli Sokoladi


interviu

cxeli Sokoladi 45


interviu

`swori notebis aReba yvelaferi

araa, Tu suli ar gazarde; mxolod

asea SesaZlebeli musikis gakeTil-

Sobileba! musikas Tu siaxlisken ar

ubiZge, ajobebs, saxlSi darCe da Zvel

diskebs usmino~. es Tqveni sityvebia.

SeiZleba gTxovoT, ufro siRrmiseulad

ganmimartoT, Tu ras gulisxmobT

`sulis zrdasa~ da `musikis gakeTil-

SobilebaSi~?

Cemi konteqstidan gamomdinare, gipasuxebT

(radganac mxolod ase Semi-

Zlia am kiTxvaze pasuxis gacema), rom

CemTvis sulis zrda niSnavs im fesvebTan

dabrunebas da iseTi vibraciebis

da `sulebis gamoZaxebas~, ramac

Tavis droze me musikaSi `Semagdo~.

im musikosebs vgulisxmob, visTanac

warsulSi mimuSavia _ julius hemfils,

lesTer bouis, sxva uamrav

danarCen musikoss, da maTac, visTanac

dakvris saSualeba ar momcemia,

magram Cveni `musikaluri Sexvedra~

maTive Canawerebis meSveobiT Semdgara.

rodesac jon qolTreinis Love

Supreme-s vusmen, gansakuTrebiT am

opusis mesame nawils, an vTqvaT One

Down One Up-s, Jruanteli mivlis

xolme. am dros xvdebi, Tu rogor

SeiZleba Tanamedrove jazis dakvra

meoce saukunis samociani wlebis gadmosaxedidan.

es Canawerebi drois

kafsulasaviTaa, an Tu gnebavT

drois audio kafsulasaviT. Cemi

maswavlebeli, donald uoSingToni

xSirad imeorebda, rom musika da

cxovreba erTia da zemoT xsenebuli

albomebis smenisas me bgeraSi SeCerebuli

daZabuli samocianebi mesmis.

imdroindeli sazogadoeba uTanasworo

iyo, Tumca amis miuxedavad, mainc

arsebobda sulieri simSvidis, xsnis,

imedis gaRvivebis da msoflio moqalaqed

gaxdomis SesaZlebloba da

ara marto individualurad, aramed

zogadsakacobriodac. qolTreinis

da misTanebis meSveobiT iyo es SesaZlebeli,

radganac isini danarCen

samyaros, sxva kulturebs maTsave

musikaSi `Cabudebis~ uflebas aZlevdnen.

qolTreinis musika sulierad

amzadebda adamianebs ucxo kulturebis

da axali urTierTobebis aRsa-

46 cxeli Sokoladi

qmelad da axliT savses tovebda maT.

yvelam unda icodes, rom im dros musikosebs

ar ulxindaT, magram mainc

axerxebdnen Rrma da ulamazesi musikaluri

dokumentebis Seqmnas da momavali

TaobebisTvis datovebas. es ki

pasuxismgeblobasTanaa kavSirSi; ara

marto musikalur, aramed _ kulturul

pasuxismgeblobasTan Semdgom

TaobebTan mimarTebaSi.

kritikosebis garkveuli nawili

Tvls, rom jazis, rogorc musikaluri

idiomis, Semdgomi winsvlis sawindari

inovacia ki araa, aramed misi

tradiciis kliSeebis gareSe warmo-

Cineba da am gziT gaZliereba. dRes es

Zalian rTuli unda iyos da amitom

sainteresoa amis Sesaxeb Tqveni azris

mosmena: migaCniaT Tu ara, rom dRes

jazSi inovaciisTvis sakmarisi adgilia

darCenili?

diax. Cven, jazmenebs erTgvar musikalur

Tokze gviwevs balansireba,

radganac isic kargad mesmis, rom sxva

danarCen `musikalur wyalSic~ gviwevs

`fexis dasveleba~. es mxolod da

mxolod Semdgomi inspiraciisaTvis

xdeba. magaliTad, Cem bolo albomSi

Present Tense originaluri kompoziciebicaa

Sesuli da standartebic,

magram iseTi standartebi, sadac, rogorc

mimaCnia, jer `fexi aravis Seudgams~

maTi pirvelad gamosvlis dRidan.

erT-erTi kompozicia am diskze

_ Shadow Sands pirvelad ormocian

wlebSi Sesrulda da es kompozicia,

Tu elingTonis Sophisticated Lady-s

hari qarniseul interpretacias ar

miviRebT mxedvelobaSi, erTaderTia,

rac me vici, romelic mxolod bas

klarnetze bariton saqsofonis Tanxlebis

gareSe Sesrulebula. vinaidan

me bas klarnetzec vukrav, CemTvis

saintereso iyo am kompoziciasTan

dabruneba da misi axali aqcentebiT

gamdidrebis mcdeloba; yvelaferTan

erTad es seriozuli gamowveva iyo

CemTvis da swored amas vgulisxmob

imaSi, rom inovacia SesaZlebelia.

esaa inovaciis inovaciiT gamdidrebis

da misi kidev ufro Sors `gagzavnis~

mcdeloba.

am ramdenime Tvis win brZaneT, rom

TqvenSi erTdroulad Cabudebulia

mudmivi zrdis procesSi myofi ramdenime

musikosi. rodis xvdebiT, rom

erT-erTi maTgani mzadaa raime Rirebulis

warmosaCenad?

amas mxolod dakvrisas Tu mixvdebi,

radganac aseT rameebze winaswar

bevri Tu ifiqre, maSin musika meqanikuri

da bundovani xdeba, absoluturad

steriluri…

Sesabamisad, musikis aRmoCenis procesi

usasruli procesi unda iyos...

ra Tqma unda, da vinaidan Cven, Cvenive

arCeuli instrumentebis meSveobiT

vaxerxebT axali aRmoCenebis

`samogzaurod~ wayvanas, araa aucilebeli,

es mogzauroba mxolod erTi

instrumentiT Sedges. sxvadasxva

instrumentis gamoyeneba axali SesaZleblobebis

aRmoCenisken gibiZgebs,

iqneba es bgeriTi Tu ritmuli

SesaZleblobebi. me saqsofonze ise

ar vukrav, rogorc bas klarnetze

an, vTqvaT, fleitaze. ra Tqma unda,

garkveuli msgavseba aris, magram garkveuli

tipis msmenelisTvis es yvelaferi

ase ar JRers, gansakuTrebiT

maSin, Tu is ukve sxva musikosebis

mier aris `moTelili~ _ magaliTad,

visac Jan-pier rampali da hubert

losi hyavT mosmenili. eriq dolfis

SemTxvevaSic asea, Tumca davamateb,

rom mis SemTxvevaSi aris raRacebi,

rasac ubralod ver gaeqcevi, rodesac

bas klarnetze ukrav. am instrumentze

misi Sesrulebis manera

ubralod ubadloa da SeuZlebelia,

zegavlenas gaeqce.

Tqven dabadebiT musikosi brZandebiT,

aseT musikosebs ki, rogorc wesi,

arafris eSiniT. da mainc, mainteresebs,

Tu yofila Tqven cxovrebaSi ise-

Ti periodi, rodesac SeuSinebixarT

im faqts, rom magaliTad saqsofonze,

Tqvenamde uamravi didebuli musikosi

ukravda?

ra Tqma unda, magram CemTvis es

yovelTvis gamowveva iyo da ara

dabrkoleba. es is uRelia, rac Ti-

Toeulma Cvenganma unda zidos. amave


dros, rogorc ukve giTxariT, musika

da cxovreba ganuyofelia. Cemi

maswavlebeli xSirad gvimeorebda

Carli farqeris sityvebs, rom musika

cxovrebaa, da Tu ar gicxovria, maSin

Seni instrumenti sxvisTvis sainteresos

verafers moyveba. ufro axalgazrda

rom viyavi, CemTvis Zneli iyo

amis gageba, magram Cveni maswavlebeli

dauRalavad gvibiZgebda imisken,

rom gveyida wignebi da gvekiTxa musikosebis

cxovrebaze, imaze, Tu rogor

da ra pirobebSi iwerdnen isini

ama Tu im disks. Tumca es yvelaferi

araa; yvelaze saintereso mainc isaa,

Tu ra xdeboda qolTreinis, bili

holideis Tu farqeris cxovreba-

Si albomis Caweridan Caweramde, da

ra viTarebebma miiyvanes isini im

konkretul momentamde, rodesac maT

axali diskis Cawera gadawyvites. ra

moxda maT cxovrebaSi iseTi, ramac

saSualeba misca maT, drois kafsulaSi

SeeCerebinaT esa Tu is momenti,

rac dRes maTi memkvidreobis nawilia?

marTlac, amis Sesaxeb kiTxva

rom daviwye es namdvili aRmoCena

iyo CemTvis. swored maTma cxovrebam

da gadatanilma ganapiroba, Tu rogor

ukravdnen isini instrumentebze

da ama Tu im kompoziciebis rogori

interpretaciebi SemogvTavazes im

garkveul momentebSi. bili holidei

kargi magaliTia: misi fanebi bevrs

saubroben gviandeli ocdaaTianebis

da adreuli ormocianebis bili

holideize da miaCniaT, rom es misi

saukeTeso periodi iyo. samagierod,

bevrs gulze ar exateba gviandeli

ormocianebis da adreuli ormocdaaTianebis

gardamavali periodi

mis SemoqmedebaSi. mxolod holideize

gadamkvdar fanebs esmiT mis

imdroindel musikaSi, Tu ra xdeboda

im dros mis cxovrebaSi. imdroindeli

misi cxovreba ki missave frazirebaSi,

xmis tembrSi, mTlianad

mis musikalur arsebaSi aisaxeba. am

dros SeuZlebelia lesTer iangi ar

gagaxsendes. viRacisTvis es SeiZleba

ucnauri iyos, magram meore mxriv bevri

gaigebs amas, radganac maTi cxovreba

im dros erTmaneTSi iyo gadajaWvuli

da roca holidei mReris,

SeiZleba daiWiro, Tu ra xdeboda

im dros maT cxovrebaSi. Cven holideis

simReraSi zustad is SegviZlia

daviWiroT, risTvisac mzad varT. es

muzeumis monaxulebasaviTaa, sadac

Senive individualuri gemovnebis da

interviu

mzadyofnis mixedviT irCev, Tu romeli

suraTi mogwons; imis mixedviT,

ukve ganvlilma cxovrebam ris aRsaqmelad

mogamzada. Sesabamisad, ama Tu

im naxatis interpretaciis Seneburi

mcdeloba SeiZleba gansxvavdebodes

sxva vinmes mcdelobisgan, vinc,

vTqvaT, Sengan gasxvavebiT, ufro

meti yuradReba naxatis sxva aspeqtebs

miaqcia. magram ai, am momentidan

dawyebuli Senzea damokidebuli, Tu

rogor daexmarebi danarCenebs imis

aRqmaSi, rac mogewona; ramdenad gadamdebi

aRmoCndebi Sen maTTvis. es

yvelaze mniSvnelovania! igive xdeba

musikaSic. rodesac saqsofonistma

ilinois jeqeTma, Jazz At the Philharmonics-is

sakoncerto seriebSi bluzis

dakvra daiwyo, 1944 wels man sruliad

Secvala konteqsti ara marto

musikaluri TvalsazrisiT, aramed

scenazec. misi dakvris manera saocrad

gadamdebi iyo am sityvis sauke-

Teso mniSvnelobiT! rodesac jeqeTi

instruments xelSi iRebda da bgeras

sadRac maRla mimarTavda, yvelaferi

aviwydeboda kacs. is ki imas ukravda,

rac icxovra...

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 106

cxeli Sokoladi 47


fotoproeqti

patara

qalaqSi

avtori, foto: daviT mesxi

ra saerTo aqvs siRnaRSi

gadaRebul cekvis gakveTilebs da

Tbilisis sportskolas? aWaris

erT-erT sofelSi, mandarinis

plantaciaSi mokalaTebul biWs da

dedaqalaqis centrSi, fanjarasTan

mdgari axalgazrda wyvilis

portrets?

Cveulebrivi axalgazrdebi

arian, romlebic erT patara

qveyanaSi, sxvadasxva qalaqSi

cxovroben. patara qalaqis cneba

xom dedaqalaqsac Seesabameba. isini

ar cdiloben, gamorCeulobis

ZiebaSi romelime subkulturaSi

an `ucnaur~ CacmulobaSi

eZebon individualizmi. aq

aseTi `raRacebi~ araa saWiro.

sevdiani garemos miuxedavad, maT

portretebSi aris heroizmi da

romantizmi. kargad ician, rom

martivad araferi gamouvaT,

magram es ar aSinebT. amitom,

SeuZlebelia isini ver SeamCnio!

48 cxeli Sokoladi


fotoproeqti

cxeli Sokoladi 49


fotoproeqti

50 cxeli Sokoladi


fotoproeqti

cxeli Sokoladi 51


fotoproeqti

52 cxeli Sokoladi


fotoproeqti

cxeli Sokoladi 53


fotoproeqti

54 cxeli Sokoladi


fotoproeqti

cxeli Sokoladi 55


analizi

qarTuli

kinoindustriis

problemebi

avtori: nino ZanZava

foto: nino ZanZava, erovnuli kinocentris arqivi

im adamianebs, romlebsac qarTuli kinematografis

avanCavani ainteresebT, am bolo dros xSirad uCndebaT

kiTxva _ eSveleba Tu ara qarTul kinematografs da

SeiZleba Tu ara davijeroT, rom qarTuli kino krizisidan

gamosvlis mdgomareobaSi imyofeba. kiTxva sakmaod

rTulia, ufro sworad mokle pasuxi ar aqvs.

kinoindustriis kritikuli zonebis da maTi arsebobis

mizezebis Zieba SeiZleba am kiTxvebiT daiwyos: ra

problemebi aqvs qarTul kinos dRes? rogor viTardeba

kinowarmoebis sfero? ras akeTebs saxelmwifo erovnuli

kinematografis ganviTarebisa da waxalisebisTvis?

rogor da ramdenad efeqturad moxda sabWoTa struqturis

rRveva da axliT Canacvleba? arsebobs Tu ara

distribuciis qseli? ra mdgomareobaSia kinoTeatrebi

da ratom ar arsebobs qveyanaSi arc erTi municipaluri

kino? romel profesionalur resurss unda daeyrdnos

qarTuli kino da ramdenad zrunavs saxelmwifo axali

profesionaluri kadrebis Camoyalibebaze? aqvs Tu ara

azri filmebis Seqmnas, romlebic, mouvlelobis da prezervaciis

saTanado saSualebebis daucvelobis pirobebSi,

swrafi ganadgurebisTvisaa ganwiruli?

90-ian wlebSi kinoTeatrebis didma nawilma funqcionireba

Sewyvita da im filmebsac, romlebsac wlidan wlamde

iRebdnen, mayurebeli ekranze ver naxulobda. dairRva

kinoindustriis funqcionirebis Semkvreli rgolebis

jaWvi da infrastruqtura. ideologiuri wnexisgan Tavisufali

kinostudia „qarTuli filmi“ damoukidebel

reJimSi, srulyofilad funqcionirebas veRar axerxebda,

damoukideblad Seqmnili kinokompaniebi ki xSirad

erTi filmis gadaRebis Semdeg wyvetdnen arsebobas.

„saxelovani kinematografiuli warsulis“ presi dResac

Zlieria da Tavisuflad muSaobaSi jer kidev xels

uSlis reJisorebs. Zvels axali kliSeebi enacvleba. magaliTad,

Tuki sabWoTa periodSi evropuli kinematografisgan

gansxvavebuloba qarTuli nacionaluri kinos

saamayo aspeqti iyo, axla piriqiT xdeba _ qarTveli re-

Jisorebi cdiloben evropul bazarze orientirebuli

produqcia Seqmnan, rogorc amboben xolme, „evropul

standartebs“ Seusabamon gasayidad gamzadebuli maTi

pirmSoebi. „evropul standartSi“ da qarTuli kinos

gaevropelebaSi an gaamerikulebaSi avtorebi imdenad

filmis proeqtis ganviTarebis, warmoebis procesis an

gayidvis meqanizmebs ar gulisxmoben, ramdenadac bundovan

survils, qarTuli kino raRacnairad dasavlel mayu-

56 cxeli Sokoladi


analizi

oTar koSoriZe, `operacia vundelandi~, 1982

cxeli Sokoladi 57


analizi

rebels moawonon. Temis Ziebisas reJisorebi (gansaku-

TrebiT axalgazrda) da prodiuserebi svamen kiTxvas:

ra ufro moewoneba, ra ufro daainteresebs dasavlel

mayurebels.

marTlac sainteresoa, romeli aspeqtebiT SeuZlia

qarTul kinoindustrias dRes lokaluri Tu saer-

TaSoriso masStabiT Tavi moiwonos? garda imisa, rom

evropel da amerikel kinematografistebs SegviZlia

movuyveT qveynis ulamazes landSaftebSi ganfenili

Tvalwarmtaci peizaJebisa da qarTuli kinos saukunovani

istoriis Sesaxeb.

saqarTveloSi arsebobs ramdenime saxelmwifo kinodawesebuleba,

romelTac wesdebaSi kinematografis ganvi-

Tarebaze orientirebuli amocanebi uweriaT. es dawesebulebebia:

saqarTvelos kinematografiis erovnuli

centri, saaqcio sazogadoeba „qarTuli filmi“, qar-

Tuli filmis ganviTarebis fondi. erTi SexedviT, sami

sxvadasxva istoriuli warsulis mqone kinoinstituciis

funqcionireba kinoindustriis strategiuli winsvlis

garantias unda iZleodes.

saaqcio sazogadoeba `qarTuli filmi~

saqarTvelos gasabWoebamde qarTuli kinematografi

ramdenime mxatvrul films da daaxloebiT 150 kinoqronikas

iTvlida. gasabWoebis Semdeg kinowarmoeba

mTlianad saxelmwifo dafinansebas daeyrdno da 70

wlis manZilze amgvarad funqcionirebda. „saqkinmrewvi“,

„Tbilisis kinostudia“, kinostudia „qarTuli filmi“

sabWoTa xelisuflebis mier marTuli erTi da imave

instituciis sxvadasxva periodis saxelwodebaa. Tumca,

gasuli saukunis dasasruls, rodesac qveyana meored gaxda

damoukidebeli da saqarTvelo kidev erTxel Sevida

kritikul fazaSi, qarTuli kinoindustriis yvelaze

msxvili moTamaSe, kinostudia `qarTuli filmi~ didi

cvlilebebis da rRvevebis winaSe aRmoCnda. kinostudia

„qarTul filmTan“ mimarTebaSi 90-iani wlebis qarTul

presas Tu gadaxedavT, imdenad gansxvavebul mosazrebebs

gadaawydebiT da kinematografistebs Soris imdenad

daundobeli kamaTis momswreebi gaxdebiT, rom Tavgza

advilad agebnevaT da calsaxa pasuxis gamotana gagiWirdebaT.

1991 wels „qarTuli filmi“ kinokoncernad gadakeTda,

prezidentad maSin besarion guguSvili dainiSna. mas

Semdeg, rac zviad gamsaxurdias xelisufleba daemxo,

prezidenti kvlav rezo CxeiZe gaxda, romelic „qarTul

films“ 1991 wlamde 18 wlis ganmavlobaSi marTavda.

1994 wlidan kinokoncerni saaqcio sazogadoebaa. komandituri

sazogadoebis Tavmjdomaris postze isev rezo

CxeiZea. rogorc qarTuli presa iuwyeba, amave wels re-

JisorTa jgufma uari Tqva dafinanseba saxelmwifosgan

mieRo da ganacxada, rom kinom sakuTari Tavi Tavadve

unda irCinos. es reJisorebi maSin lamis moRalateebad

gamoacxades.

58 cxeli Sokoladi

qarTuli filmis ganviTarebis fondis direqtori da

erovnuli kinocentris yofili direqtori gaga CxeiZe

ambobs: „bevrs miaCnia, rom saaqcio sazogadoebad „qar-

Tuli filmis“ gardaqmna Secdoma iyo. saaqcio sazogadoebam

mogebaze rom imuSaos, dividendebi rom gasces,

didi warmoeba unda hqondes... roca centraluri (saxelmwifo)

dafinanseba Sewyda, warmoudgeneli iyo „qarTul

films“ sakuTari Tavi erCina“.

aqciebis ori mesamedi dResac saxelmwifos xelSia,

erTi mesamedi ki TanamSromlebis, romlebic sazogadoebis

aqcionerebi gaxdnen da Tavis droze nominaluri

Rirebulebis vauCerebi daurigdaT. „qarTuli filmis“

daqvemdebarebaSi gadavida uZravi qoneba (kinoTeatrebi,

sxvadasxva daniSnulebis Senoba-nagebobebi, miwebi) da sadistribucio

qseli. gaga CxeiZe: „yvelaferi es saxelmwifom

kinostudias gadasca. aman logikurad gamoiwvia garkveuli

dapirispireba kinematografistTa kavSirsa da

qarTul films Soris. faqtobrivad, es iyo ori banaki,

romelic maSin erTmaneTs eomeboda. kinokavSiri iyo sabWoTa

ideologiis gamtarebeli, marTalia, SemoqmedebiTi

kavSiri erqva da sakuTari Semosavlebic hqonda.

magram ZiriTadad, saxelmwifos kmayofaze arsebobda“.

Tumca, arsebobda dapirispirebis sxva mizezebic: „sabazro

ekonomikaze gadasvlam TavisTavad moitana da dRis

wesrigSi daayena sakiTxi, rom reJisorebsa da prodiuserebs

damoukideblad unda earsebaT. aqedan gaCnda mo-

Txovna, saxelmwifos ara marto „qarTuli filmisTvis“

mieca fuli, aramed sxva proeqtebze da damoukidebel

studiebzec gaenawilebina“.

gaga CxeiZe aseve miiCnevs, rom im axalgazrda reJisor-

Ta mxridan wamosuli ukmayofileba, romlebic fiqrobdnen,

rom „qarTuli filmis“ mier ar unda momxdariyo

kinowarmoebis procesis monopolizacia, gamarTlebuli

iyo: „1992 wels maT scades, daerwmunebinaT ufrosi

Taoba, rom saWiro iyo meti damoukidebloba mieRoT

dedakinostudiisgan. Seqmnes „adam da eva“, sadac buba

xotivari, Temur babluani, nana jorjaZe da sxvebi mu-

Saobdnen“.

wlebis ganmavlobaSi „qarTulma filmma“ ver moaxerxa

saxelmwifos mxridan misTvis dakanonebuli qonebis racionalurad

da saqmisTvis sasargeblod gamoyeneba.

uZravi qonebis nawili gaqiravda da gaiyida, zedmetad

guluxvi saxelSekrulebo pirobebis safuZvelze miwebi

da Senobis farTobebi grZelvadiani ijariT gaica, zogic

aRnagobis uflebiT, rac meijareebs saSualebas aZlevda,

iseTi saxis nagebobebi aegoT, rogorsac moisurvebdnen.

gaga CxeiZe: „ar vici, ramdenad hqonda adgili farul garigebebs,

arc es aris gamoricxuli. albaT adre Tu gvian

imaze, rac maSin xdeboda, viRacam pasuxi unda agos. ar

moxda „qarTuli filmis“ Zireuli reorganizacia“.

asea Tu ise, 90-ian wlebSi „qarTul films“ hqonda

Semosavali, romelic marTalia, kinowarmoebis procesis

sruli svliT aRdgenas ar eyofoda, magram racio


`bevrs miaCnia, rom saaqcio

sazogadoebad `qarTuli filmis"

gardaqmna Secdoma iyo. roca

centraluri dafinanseba Sewyda,

warmoudgeneli iyo `qarTul films~

sakuTari Tavi erCina~.

naluri gankargvis da ganxorcielebis SemTxvevaSi, kinoindustrias

iseT CixSi da absurdul mdgomareobaSi

mainc ar moaqcevda, rogori mdgomareobis Sedegebsac

qarTuli kino dRemde imkis. „qarTuli filmis“ araswori

politika da menejmenti kinoindustriis kolafsis

erT-erTi mniSvnelovani mizezi iyo. SesaZloa, 90-ian

wlebSi ar arsebobda xalxi, romelic axal sistemaze gadarTvaSi

moexmareboda kinostudias an aseTi xalxi iyo

da maT ar hqondaT saSualeba, TavianTi ideebi ganexorcielebinaT.

gaga CxeiZes azriT, ar iyo neba, gaetarebinaT

reformebi, „maT ar icodnen, ra unda ekeTebinaT, ar

iyo xalxi, visac evropuli gamocdileba eqneboda, visac

ecodineboda, ra xdeba evropaSi, rogor unda ganviTarebuliyo

kino“.

kinoqalaqis idea da qarTuli filmis

ganviTarebis fondi

e.w. Zveli kinostudiis teritoriaze arsebuli pavilioni,

romlis erT kedels dResac aqvs gakruli abra

warweriT „adam da eva“, 20-iani wlebis dasawyisSi germane

gogitiZis xelmZRvanelobiT aigo. 1992 wels, axalgazrda

reJisorebis moTxovniT (Temur babluani, buba xotivari,

nana jorjaZe...), „qarTuli filmis“ materialur

bazaze Sps-s saxiT kinostudia „adam da eva“ dafuZnda.

„adam da evas“ TiTqmis mTeli sawyisi kapitali swored

„qarTuli filmis“ iyo. „qarTulma filmma“ sawesdebo

kapitalSi maSin Tbilisis istoriuli pavilioni Seitana.

Tumca, „adam da evas“ mogeba mogvianebiT unda gadanawi-

analizi

lebuliyo ara wilobrivi monawileobis mixedviT, aramed

sxvanairad: mogebis 10% darCeboda „qarTul films“,

xolo danarCeni axal kinostudias.

ramdenime wlis win „adam da evam“ Zveli pavilioni ker-

Zo mewarmeebs axal pavilionSi gaucvala, romelic specialurad

maTTvis diRomSi aSenda. danarCeni uZravi qoneba

(Senobebisa da miwis saxiT), kvlav „qarTuli filmis“

kuTvnilebaSi rCeboda. es adgili qalaqis centrSia da

Sesabamisad komerciulad Zalian Rirebuli. mamuka xazaraZe,

romlis xelSic Zveli pavilioni aRmoCnda, rezo

CxeiZesTan winadadebiT mivida. xazaraZis survili iyo,

SeeqmnaT organizacia, romelic erTdroulad gankargavda

Zvel pavilionsac da mis garSemo arsebul teritoriasac,

axali proeqtidan miRebuli mogebis nawili

qarTuli kinos dafinansebaze wavidoda. ase Seiqmna „kinoqalaqis“

idea. gaga CxeiZe: „es iyo Zalian patriotuli

da kargi SemoTavazeba, romelic siamovnebiT miiRo

rezo CxeiZem. swored im mizniT, rom gaadvilebuliyo

komerciuli saqmianoba da erToblivi qmedeba, Camoyalibda

qarTuli kinos ganviTarebis fondi, romelSic kinostudia

`qarTulma filmma~ anu saaqcio sazogadoebam

cxeli Sokoladi 59


analizi

Seitana uZravi qoneba _ 25 aTasi kvadratis saxiT“ (Zveli

kinostudiis mTeli teritoria). 2005 wels 6 adamianisgan

Semdgari fondi Seiqmna, sadac sami kinostudiis,

xolo sami _ saxelmwifos warmomadgeneli iyo. mamuka

xazaraZem didi investiciis mozidvis pasuxismgeblobac

aiRo, laparaki iyo 50-60 milion dolarze. „kinoqalaqis“

saxiT gakeTdeboda komerciul-kulturuli

centri, romelSic kinostruqturebic moeqceoda, maT

Soris _ kinomsaxiobTa Teatric. xazaraZem warmoadgina

proeqti, arsebobda maketis ori varianti. kinoqalaqSi

iqneboda ramdenime kinoTeatri, agreTve kinos muzeumi,

Tumca, 80% komerciul struqturebs unda daekavebina

(sastumro, maRaziebis qseli da a.S.). gaga CxeiZem, romelic

dRes ukve fondis direqtoria, miuReblad miiCnia

istoriuli pavilionis miuzik-holad gadakeTebis idea:

„fondSi gansxvavebuli mosazrebebi arsebobda. saboloo

jamSi fondi im azrs miemxro, rom komerciuli

riski Zalian didi iyo. SeiZleboda im situaciamde mivsuliyaviT,

rom „qarTul films“ Semosavali ar mieRo

an mogeba ar yofiliyo didi da mniSvnelovani. laparaki

iyo teritoriis gayidvazec, razec fondi ar wavida. pi-

60 cxeli Sokoladi

daTo janeliZe, `jayos xiznebi~, 2009

radad me vfiqrobdi, rom kinostruqturebi aucileblad

unda SenarCunebuliyo da am kompleqsis sadRac

30% Cvens sakuTrebaSi unda yofiliyo. amaze xazaraZe

da misi partniorebi ar wamovidnen. maT mainc miaCndaT,

rom unda Camoyalibebuliyo erTiani saaqcio sazogadoeba,

danawevreba-dayofis gareSe. Cven gveSinoda, rom kinostruqturebs

davkargavdiT. SesaZlebeli iyo droTa

ganmavlobaSi arakomerciulobis motiviT daexuraT kinoTeatri

an kinos muzeumi da gadaekeTebinaT restornad.

aranairi garantia ar iyo. arc is iyo gamoricxuli,

rom odesme biznesi sxva adamianebis xelSi ar gadavidoda,

romlebic kinoTi saerTod ar iqnebodnen dainteresebulni.

da es riski kidev ufro izrdeboda“.

proeqti SeCerda, Tumca qarTuli filmis ganviTarebis

fondi arsebobas ganagrZobs. dRes misi saqmianobis

ZiriTadi nawilia Zveli kinostudiis ijariT gacemuli

farTis iuridiuli kontroli da Zvel meijareebTan

urTierTobis mowesrigeba. meijareebisgan miRebuli

TanxiT mimdinareobs amave teritoriaze ganTavsebuli

dokumenturi filmebis studia „mematianes“ saarqivo masalis

gadarCeva, katalogizacia da Sesanaxad mowesrigeba.

am proeqtis dasrulebis Semdeg anu gazafxulidan

fondi gegmavs, Tavisi mcire biujeti saganmamaTleblo

miznebs dauTmos, SeZlebisdagvarad daafinansos qar-

Tveli studentebis swavla ucxoeTSi, moawyos seminarebi

axalgazrda kinematografistebisa da momavali profesionalebisTvis.

dRes saqarTvelos kinematografiis

erovnuli centri erTaderTi

saxelmwifo dawesebulebaa, romelic

qveyanaSi filmebis warmoebas konkursis

safuZvelze afinansebs.

oTar koSeirZe, `operacia vundelandi~, 1982 nino axvlediani, `besame~, 1989


kinocentri

„rodesac Zvel, totalitaruli saxelmwifosTvis damaxasiaTebel

struqturasa da e.w. axal talRas Soris

dapirispireba Seiqmna, axalgazrdebis saTaveSi eldar

Sengelaia idga. miuxedavad imisa, rom is Zalian didi

xnis ganmavlobaSi da dResac xelmZRvanelobs kinematografistTa

kavSirs, mas aRmoaCnda Zalian kargi alRo da,

faqtobrivad, mixvda saiT unda wasuliyo saxelmwifo

kinopolitika. SevardnaZis dros man mTavrobas Zalian

swori gadawyvetileba miaRebina (rogorc vici, swored

batoni eldaris gavleniT miiRes) _ kanoni kinematografis

saxelmwifo mxardaWeris Sesaxeb. gadawyda, rom kinematografs

sWirdeboda daxmareba saxelmwifos mxridan

da es marTlac kargi iyo. amis gamo, daiwera kanoni, romelic

saqarTvelos parlamentma miiRo da swored am kanonis

safuZvelze Seiqmna saqarTvelos kinematografiis

erovnuli centri“, _ ambobs gaga CxeiZe, romelsac 2005

wlidan sami wlis ganmavlobaSi erovnuli kinocentris

direqtoris Tanamdeboba ekava.

saqarTvelos kinematografiis erovnuli centri dRes

saqarTveloSi kinos sakiTxebSi umaRlesi saxelmwifo

instanciaa da erTgvar kinosaministros warmoadgens. kinocentris

mizani qarTuli kinos ganviTarebis saxelmwifo

mxardaWeris koordinacia da saamisod saxelmwifo

biujetidan gamoyofili Tanxis saTanadod mobilizebaa.

(kinocentris debulebiT gansazRvruli ZiriTadi amocanebia:

kinos ganviTarebisTvis samecniero, sainformacio,

sawarmoo da materialur-teqnikuri bazis srulyofa;

erovnuli kinoproduqciis warmoebis finansuri

mxardaWera; kinos infrastruqturisa da kinoqselis

ganviTarebisTvis saxelmwifo mxardaWeris uzrunvelyofa;

saqarTvelos erovnuli kinoarqivis Seqmna; kinoganaTlebisa

da kinomcodneobis ganviTarebis xelSewyoba;

SemoqmedebiTi da sainJinro-teqnikuri kadrebis momzadebis

xelSewyoba; saerTaSoriso kavSirebis ganviTareba,

saerTaSoriso kinoorganizaciebSi warmomadgenlobis

uzrunvelyofa; kinofestivalebisa da sxva kulturuli

RonisZiebebis, agreTve saerTaSoriso kinofestivalebSi

monawileobis xelSewyoba).

kinocentri 2000 wels Seiqmna da 2003 wlamde misi ZiriTadi

saqmianoba kinostudia „qarTuli filmis“ mier

dawyebuli srulmetraJiani filmebis dasruleba iyo.

2005 wlidan ki misi struqturuli cvlileba moxda da

daiwyo sainformacio bazebis mobilizeba, saganmanaTleblo

proeqtebis ganxorcieleba, kinoeqsportis meqanizmebis

daxvewa, kavSirebis damyareba ucxoel kolegebTan,

festivalebis saxiT qarTuli kinematografis CarTva

ucxour kinoprocesebSi da kinomemkvidreobis dacvaze

zrunva. 2008 wels kinocentris xelmZRvaneloba Seicvala,

romelmac „qarTuli kinos ganviTarebis strategia“

SeimuSava, anu es aris gegma, romlis mTavari misia kinoseqtoris

gaZliereba erovnul doneze da saerTaSoriso

asparezze misi konkurentunarianobis amaRlebaa.

analizi

marTalia proeqtis `kinematografis ganviTarebis strategiis~

prezentacia gasuli wlis oqtomberSi kulturis,

sportisa da ZeglTa dacvis saministroSi gaimarTa,

Tumca is jer kidev ar damtkicebula Sesabamisi struqturebis

mier.

kinowarmoebis problemebi

1990-dan 2000 wlamde saqarTveloSi 43 mwarmoebeli

kinokompania Seiqmna, aqedan sami mxolod dokumentur

filmebze muSaobda, erTi animaciurze, danarCenebi ki

ZiriTadad, mxatvrul da mcire raodenobis dokumentur

filmebs Sereulad awarmoebdnen. 43 organizaciidan

ocdaeqvss 90-ian wlebSi (umetesobas ki mTeli arsebobis

manZilze) mxolod TiTo filmi aqvs warmoebuli.

zogierTis maqsimumi ki mTeli dekadis ganmavlobaSi 6

filmia. ramdenime maTgani („sxivi“, „+1“, „dro“, „adami da

eva“, „noe“, „sameba“, „freska“, „kavkasioni“, „orbi“, „kvali“)

„qarTuli filmis“ materialur-teqnikur bazaze

Seiqmna da realurad damoukidebel Sps-ebs arc warmoadgendnen.

CamoTvlili kinostudiebis TanamSromlebs

saxelmwifo biujetidan gamoyofili Tanxidan xelfass

isev da isev „qarTuli filmi“ uxdida. erTi SexedviT absurduli

situaciis detalebSi Caxedva am statiis amocana

araa, magram rogorc faqti, rbilad rom vTqvaT,

sainteresoa. mniSvnelovani isaa, rom „qarTuli filmis“

msgavsma „restruqturizaciam“ qarTuli kinowarmoebis

bedze arcTu ise kargi gavlena iqonia.

dRes saqarTvelos kinematografiis erovnuli centri

erTaderTi saxelmwifo dawesebulebaa, romelic qveyana-

Si filmebis warmoebas konkursis safuZvelze afinansebs.

2000 wlidan 2003 wlamde kinocentrma monawileoba mii-

Ro kinostudia „qarTul filmSi“ 9 srulmetraJian da 2

moklemetraJian animaciur filmze dawyebuli muSaobis

dasrulebaSi. xolo 2003 wlidan moyolebuli dRemde kinocentri

kidev 11 srulmetraJiani, 10 moklemetraJiani

mxatvruli, 12 moklemetraJiani sadebiuto, 16 dokumenturi,

6 animaciuri filmis Tanadamfinansebelia.

kinowarmoebis sferoSi kinocentris politika orientirebulia

iseTi proeqtebis dafinansebaze, romlebic

kinematografis mxatvrul ganviTarebas uwyobs xels

da e.w. potenciur safestivalo kinod iTvleba. magram,

rogorc ukanasknelma welma gviCvena, kinematografistebi

saqarTveloSi komerciuli filmebiTac arian dainteresebulni,

romlebic maT popularobas adgilobriv

bazarze moupoveben. garda saerTaSoriso kinofestivalebisken

mizanmimarTuli filmebis avtorebisa, saqarTveloSi

sxva tipis prodiuserebic gaCndnen. isini

ufro metad lokalur mayurebelze akeTeben gaTvlas

da qveynis Sida bazarze aqtiurad damkvidrebisTvis

ibrZvian („idiotokratia“, „rac yvelaze Zalian giyvars“,

„rac yvelaze Zalian giyvars 2“, „gogona slaididan“).

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 108

cxeli Sokoladi 61


specproeqti

sazRvrebi

ideis avtori: ana korZaia-samadaSvili

ilustracia: maia sumbaZe

`gveraferi gavige. mTeli bavSvoba es sazRvari, berlinis

kedelze gacilebiT metad, Cemi piradi rkinis farda iyo.

auRebeli. gayinuli. Rrma, bneli wylis Txrili. boboqari

talRebis kedeli. adgili, sadac yoveldRe vxedavdi, Cemi

samyaro sad mTavrdeboda.

axla ki wesieri mowmobac ar mqonda _ da gamiSves. ori wuTic

da SvedeTis karibWe gaixsneba. ise gavSterdi, rom udanaSaulo

gogos roli sul damaviwyda da gaxevebulma gadavixade

madloba.

roca gemi navsadgomidan gavida, gembanze avedi. zasnics

Sevcqerodi da cremli mdioda.

guli ar amCuyebia, risxva momawva. ra banaluri ambavi yofila.

yoveldRiuri, arafrismTqmeli. ubralod, SvedeTis sazRvari.

gaiareT, aq sayurebeli araferia, gaiareT~.

klaudia ruSi

.


fotoproeqti

specproeqti


specproeqti

Sveduri borani

klaudia ruSi

baltiis zRvasTan gavizarde. iseve,

rogorc dedaCemi, babuaCemi, misi

mSoblebi da maTi mSoblebi, da maTi

mSoblebi da ase... 500 wlis ganmavlobaSi

Cemi winaprebi kapitnebi da kapitnis

colebi iyvnen. mTeli dinastia,

Zveli gvari da ucvleli samSoblo,

rogorc wesi da rigia: vustroveli

bradheringebi fiSlandiidan. deda-

Cems gaumarTla, rom gogod gaCnda.

gvaris gamgrZelebels bebia da babua

sruli seriozulobiT silvestrs

daarqmevdnen. silvestr bradheringi

fiSlandiidan. aseTi rameebi meniuSi

weria xolme.

Cemi biologiuri mama dedaCemis

ocnebis mamakaci ar yofila, magram

ojaxur koncefciaSi kargad jdeboda.

mxolod da mxolod sazRvao Zalebis

oficeri iyo, Tan saqsoneli,

magram kapitani.

is riugenis Crdilo dasavleT kideSi

msaxurobda. marcxniv Tu gavuyvebodiT,

hidenis tbas mivadgebodiT,

sadRac iq, zRvis meore napirze

ki SvedeTis samefo iyo. maSin karl

gustavis da silvia zomerlaTis Sesaxeb

araferi msmenoda, magram SvedeTi

zRapruli qveyana iyo CemTvis. ocnebis

mxare. adgili, sadac ar gviSvebd-

64 cxeli Sokoladi

nen, sadac daTviviT didi da Ronieri

kacebi cxovrobdnen, qalebi `ABBA~s

agnesas hgavdnen da yvela feradi

bafTebiT cekvavda `maisis xis~ gar-

Semo. me ase warmomedgina. mxiaruli

qveyana, qera xalxiT savse.

kunZulis aRmosavleTiT, zasnicidan,

dReSi orjer gemi treleborgSi

gadioda. Sveduri borani. sul Canda,

zRvas seravda, iqiT-aqeT, Zalian

nela, TiTqos horizontis gaswvriv,

rogorc Cans, sanapiro zolis paralelurad.

me da dedaCemi ki yovel

zafxuls visxediT da deda TeTr

gems gascqeroda.

Cemi erT-erTi yvelaze adreuli

mogoneba swored es suraTia. bakenbergis

ukacriel sanapiroze varT,

kldeebTan, romlebsac mercxlebi

dastrialeben. TeTri sabavSvo qudi

maxuravs, SiSveli dedis kalTaSi vzivar

da xels viqnev, xels vuqnev did

gems. deda mkocnis da yurSi CamCur-

Culebs: gpirdebi, erT dRes am borniT

gavcuravT, Sen da me, baltiis

zRvis sxva napirebisken. damijere,

ase iqneba.

wlebi gavida, Cemi mSoblebi gaiyarnen,

Cven berlinSi gadavsaxldiT.

magram ramdenjerac Svedur borans

davinaxavdiT xolme, deda Tvalebs

xeliT iCrdilavda, zRvas miacqerdeboda

da Cumad oxravda. erT dResac

iqneba da am borans gavyvebiT.

ar gavyolivarT.

mere bevrjer mifiqria da miocnebia,

ra adgilas SeiZleboda treleborgSi

mimaval malmos eqspresSi damalva,

an sxva ra gziT movaxerxebdi

SvedeTSi gadaparvas. aq xom berlini

ar iyo, arc mavTulxlarTebi Canda

da arc guSagebi dadiodnen. es xom

zRvaa. raRacnairad mainc unda xerxdebodes

meore napirze gadasvla..

maSin ar vicodi, ramdeni adamiani

daiRupa baltiis zRviT gaqcevis mcdelobisas,

ar vicodi, rom skandinaveli

meTevzeebi TavianT badeebSi

wlebis ganmavlobaSi gvamebs poulobdnen,

da rom Cemi sayvareli zRva

gdr-m sasikvdilo xafangad aqcia. es

rom mcodnoda, albaT zRvaSi veRarc

vibanavebdi.

bebiaCemi StralzundSi cxovrobda.

iseve, rogorc dedaCemma, Tavisi

kapitani da fiSlandia manac miatova.

rogorc ki saSualeba eZleoda,

umalve hidenis tbaze miemgzavreboda

xolme: 2,50 marka noidorfamde,

3,00 marka vitemde da 3,50 qloste


amde. cxadia, bebia Stralzundis

navsadgomSi yvela bileTis gamyidvel

qalbatons icnobda da, cxadia,

zasnicis mebileTe qalbatonebTanac

kargi urTierToba hqonda. da ai,

1989 wlis 10 noembris dilas bebia-

Cemi, aRmosavluri koniakis boTliT

jibeSi, Stralzundis navsadgomSi gamocxadda

da qalbatonebs daxmareba

sTxova. zasnicidan treleborgSi mimavali

gemis bileTebi undoda, ori

gza, 1989 wlis 24 dekembrisTvis. es

misi saSobao saCuqari iyo. Sveduri

borniT mogzauroba. baltiis zRvis

meore napirisken.

im Soba dRes boranma lamis erTi

saaTiT daigviana da treleborgis-

Tvis dro aRar darCa. gembanidan

mainc gadavediT. SvedeTis 10 wuTi.

uSno, usaxelo navsayudeli, sawarmoo

nagebobebi, wvimisgan ganacrisferebuli

garemo, magram SvedeTi.

rogorc iqna. Cveni mainc gavitaneT.

im qveynisa cota meti mxolod xuTi

wlis Semdeg vnaxe. erTi weli italia-

Si vswavlobdi da bevr skandinavels

davumegobrdi. aprilis dasawyisSi

boloniidan yvelani gaiqcnen, radgan

pos zeganze metismetad dascxaT.

me maiss mamacurad gavuZeli, Cemi

megobari Sarlota ivnisis bolomdec

ki darCa. mere ramdenime Svedma

studentma agvistoSi gotlandiaSi

dagvpatiJa. SvedeTi Zalian momewona.

xalxi Tbili iyo, saxlebi _ ulamazesi,

da yvela IKEA-s katalogidan

gadmosuls hgavda. oraguli da arayi

yvelgan hqondaT. polaruli samoTxe.

malmos eqspresiT jer zasnicSi

gavemgzavreT, mere gemze avediT da

SvedeTisken aviReT gezi. yvelaferi

kargad aewyo. bebiaCemis mosanaxuleblad

yovelTvis malmos eqspresiT

miwevda xolme mgzavroba. martivi

mizezis gamo. rac 6 wlisa moviyare,

berlinidan, ZiriTadad, martoka

mivdiodi xolme bebiasTan. malmos

eqspresi Stralzundamde mxolod samjer

Cerdeboda, amitom Zalian mcire

albaToba rCeboda imisa, rom sadguri

amereoda, araswor matarebelSi

avidodi an saidanme gadmovvardebodi.

Sesabamisad, wlidan wlamde am ma-

tarebelSi vijeqi. es Zalian maxalisebda,

radgan vicodi, rom zasnicSi

matarebels boranze gadaiyvandnen da

mere is treleborgidan gaagrZelebda

gzas. garda amisa, matarebels saxelic

kargi erqva: malmos eqspresi.

Soreuli, usazRvro samyaros Zaxili.

me ki StralzundSi, riugendamis sadgurSi

Cavdiodi. yuradReba, karebi

iketeba da frTxilad, matarebeli

gadis.

amjerad me da Sarlota matareblidan

ar CavsulvarT da pirvelad

gaviare gza malmomde. kmayofilebas

ver vmalavdiT. magari iyo _ mivemgzavrebiT!

1996 wels, roca Sveduri borniT

mesamed vimgzavre, bavSvoba wamomewia.

mindoda, zafxulis buniobas

CrdiloeT SvedeTSi Sevxvedrodi. 19

ivnisi iyo da Cems piradobis mowmobasac

da evropul pasportsac im dRes

gasdioda vada. es zed wasvlis win aRmovaCine.

germanul uwyebebSi sirbilis

dro aRar darCa, amitom araferi

damrCenoda _ egeb da gamimarTlos.

malmos eqspresi sadRac Ramis orze

Cavida zasnicis navsadgomSi. egeb gamimarTlos

da aRaravin amovides, Tu

arada, Tavs movimZinareb da egeb ver

SemamCnion. Tu gaWirda, patara gogosaviT

moviqcevi: gafarToebuli Tvalebi,

tkbili luRluRi, umweo caxcaxi.

yovelTvis Wris. imedia, guli

mebaJeebsac unda hqondeT.

ise, mTlad darwmunebulic ar viyavi,

rom gavZvrebodi, imitom rom vadagasuli

sabuTi erTia da manqanebis

sadgomis qviTris arqona _ sul sxva.

aseTi fiqri mitrialebda.

zasnicSi CavediT, matarebeli rweva-rweviT

gemis mucelSi Sevida da

mesazRvreebis jeric dadga. bolos

viRaca movida, mRviZars Tavze damadga

da sabuTi momTxova. mivawode da

brZnulad vecade, TariRi ceraTiTiT

damefara. amaod. mebaJes wamis measedi

dasWirda imisaTvis, rom maxvili

TvaliT problemas Caswvdomoda.

`qaliSvilo, Tqvens mowmobas ori

saaTis win gauvida vada~.

kai. Tvalebi farTod gavaxile: `ese

igi, SvedeTSi ar SemiSveben?~

specproeqti

pasuxi ar gaucia, miTxra, momyevio.

ukve vxedavdi, rom borkilebi damades,

moxeleebis gacurebisTvis an

qveyanaSi ukanonod Sesvlis mcdelobiTvis

damapatimres...

mere ki ai, ra moxda: gverdiT

ganyofilebaSi gamiyvana, ujridan

fotoaparati amoiRo da mkiTxa, xurda

ar maqvs, aTi marka geqnebaTo. mere

suraTi gadamiRo da axali mowmoba

damimzada.

sul ubralod.

veraferi gavige. mTeli bavSvoba es

sazRvari, berlinis kedelze gacilebiT

metad, Cemi piradi rkinis farda

iyo. auRebeli. gayinuli. Rrma, bneli

wylis Txrili. boboqari talRebis

kedeli. adgili, sadac yoveldRe vxedavdi,

Cemi samyaro sad mTavrdeboda.

axla ki wesieri mowmobac ar mqonda

_ da gamiSves. ori wuTic da Svede-

Tis karibWe gaixsneba. ise gavSterdi,

rom udanaSaulo gogos roli sul

damaviwyda da gaxevebulma gadavixade

madloba.

roca gemi navsadgomidan gavida,

gembanze avedi. zasnics Sevcqerodi

da cremli mdioda.

guli ar amCuyebia, risxva momawva.

ra banaluri ambavi yofila. yoveldRiuri,

arafrismTqmeli. ubralod,

SvedeTis sazRvari. gaiareT, aq sayurebeli

araferia, gaiareT.

veRar gaviare. cxviridan skvintli

mdioda, maxsendeboda, rogor mewureboda

xolme guli, roca am TeTr

gems vxedavdi. maxsendeboda, rogori

SegrZnebaa, roca samyarodan gariyuli,

aRmosavleTSi datusaRebuli da

daviwyebuli xar.

imwams mivxvdi, rom Sveduri borani

Cemi saSveli iyo. me aRar viyavi ususuri

gogo, baltiis zRvis piras rom

idga, `maT~ Cems cxovrebasTan xeli

aRar hqondaT da usamarTlod mas ve-

Raravin ganagebda. SvedeTi da borani

araferSuaSia; saubaria Tavisuflebaze,

romelic horizontze moCans.

1996 wlis 20 ivnisis Rames Cavedi.

moajirTan videqi da vxedavdi, rogor

qreboda RameSi zasnicis sina-

Tleebi.

cxeli Sokoladi 65


specproeqti

When I’m 64

ana korZaia-samadaSvili

erTi akviatebuli sizmari mqonda,

arc cudi, arc kargi, ubralod,

cxovrebis Tanmxlebi iyo: bnel SesasvlelSi

kars vaReb. derefanSic

bnela, magram es araferia, ar me-

Sinia, radgan iqaurobas Cinebulad

vicnob. Sesasvlelidan or nabijSi,

xelmarcxniv, saxelurs vpoulob,

patara oTaxSi Sevdivar, Suqs van-

Teb da vxedav erT mxares wignis

Taroebs, meore mxares _ logins,

win _ Zvel karadas. Zalian dalagebulia

es oTaxio, ver ityvi, magram

esec araferia. Sevdivar am oTaxSi,

Tarodan wigns viReb, stafilosfer

toms, `uTavo mxedari~, dawolas

da wakiTxvas vgegmav da Zalian

kargad vgrZnob Tavs, imitom, rom

es sinamdvileSi arasodes naxuli

oTaxi Cemia, Cemi saxlia.

didxans vxedavdi am sizmars, mere

_ aRara, bolos mimaviwyda kidec.

sul cota xnis winaT, erTi wignis

koreqtura unda gamekeTebina.

amonabeWdi Taroebze davde _

66 cxeli Sokoladi

ra meCqareba? mTavaria, Cabarebis

bolo vada guSin ar iyos... hoda,

erT dResac mivedi saxlSi da vifiqre,

namusic kargi saqonelia,

jandabas, Sevudgebi-meTqi saqmes.

Sevedi oTaxSi, avanTe Suqi da Tarodan

gadmoviRe ara stafilosferi

tomi, aramed A4-ze amobeWdili

wigni, gind daijereT, gind _ ara,

`uTavo mxedari~. da umalve vicani:

erT mxares _ wignis Taroebi, meore

mxares _ logini, win _ Zveli karada.

Zalian dalagebulia es oTaxio,

ver vityvi, magram ai, dardi, imitom,

rom manamde sizmarSi asgzis

naxuli oTaxi Cemia, Cemi saxlia, da

Tu vinmes ar moswons, SeuZlia, sul

ar Sexedos; me iq Zalad SeTreuli

aravin minaxavs.

. . .

is, rasac qoneba hqvia, CemTvis

amouxsnel gamocanad darCa. Cemi

sabralo, sabWoeTSi Camoyalibebuli

tvini verafriT ver xvdeba,

ratom unda iyidos kacma veneciis

romelime palaco. rad minda? ramden

oTaxSi unda daviZino? amis-

Tana ra unda gamasuqos gamCenma,

rom Cveulebriv derefanSi ver gaviaro?

verafriT vxvdebi, ratom

yiduloben adamianebi saxlebs dedamiwis

sxvadasxva mxareebSi _ Tu

amdeni fuli meqneba, yvelaze karg

sastumroebSi vicxovreb, yvelaze

gemriel kerZebs SevWam, swored

imas vnaxav, rac gamixardeba, da am

dros araferze vidardeb, radgan

_ damijereT, Cemxela qalisa tyuilic

daijereba, _ sakuTreba Tavis

tkivilia da meti araferi.

ara, kidev erTi ramaa: damRupveli,

ZirgamomTxreli, cxovrebis

Semcvleli siyvaruli. miSveleT,

xalxo! me Seyvarebuli var!

me miyvars saxli, da me, qals, romelmac

zustad icis, rom kerZo

sakuTrebis nebismieri forma, TviT

ojaxic ki, totaluri mamaZaRlobaa,

Cemi, sakuTari saxli miyvars,


da imis warmodgenaze, rom is SeiZleba

odesme Cemi aRar iyos, guli

miCerdeba.

rac erTad varT, sxva qveyana-

Si cxovrebis azri aRar momsvlia.

saxlma Tbiliss, rogorc Cans, saSviliSvilod

mimaWeda. mis WerqveS

gaTenebuli ramdenime Ramis Semdeg

sxvagan darCena aSkarad aRar mixaria

da sul avtopilotic rom mWirdebodes,

mainc mivaRwev, simRer-simReriT:

`When I’m 64...~ me misi iseTi

erTguli var, rom Tavadac mikvirs,

da saxlic amiT mpasuxobs: yovel-

Tvis miRebs, Cemi misvla yovelTvis

uxaria da upirobod vuyvarvar.

rac ar unda vqna, vuyvarvar. Cven

Tormeti welia, erTmaneTze vgiJdebiT.

mas mere, rac Cems cxovrebaSi

es saxli gaCnda, gavuge maT, vinc

quCis brZolebSi iRupebodnen. gasagebi

gaxda gamoTqma: `vai usaxlkaros~.

axla mesmis, ratom iTvleboda

saxl-karis gadawva ojaxis

wevris mkvlelobis tolfasad. mas

mere, rac saxli myavs, CemTvis laparaki

damCemda, yovel SemTxvevaSi,

gareSe Tvali verasodes mixvdeba,

rom saxls velaparakebi, xolo Tu

mixvda, da, miT umetes, teqsti Tu

gaigona _ ehehei, aniCka, es ra mogsvlia!

`salami, saxloviC! _ vRriancelob

karis gaRebisas, _ xom xar magrada

da magrada?~

`aba, Sen ici da Senma saxlobam! _

vubareb gasvlisas, _ Sen dardi ar

gqondes, male Camoval da silamazeebs

Camogitan~.

da Camomaqvs kidec. saCuqari imas,

saCuqari amas da erTic _ saxls.

aTasgvari sisulele, oRond praqtikuli,

rom saxlovskis zedmeti

bargi ar avkido. me ki baraqians vikideb

xolme: zurgiT maqvs naTrevi

Tujis sakidebi, uzarmazari qva

_ sanaTuri, romelic saxlovskis

klimaturi Taviseburebebis gamo,

vaglax, gacocxlda (ar gamifrenia,

marTla: stalaqtiti Tu stalagmiti

yofila da gubis dayeneba dasCemda).

mudmivi stumrebic ukve Cemi

ki ara, saxlis stumrebi arian da

misTvis zrunaven: anTiam saferfle

moutana, ueWvelia, sadRac awapnili,

evem jibe gaukeTa _ vardisferi

konverti, romelic krizisis fonze,

vaglax, carielia, magram arsebobs.

Cemi da saxlis Wiqebi Tbilisis Ramis

cxovrebaze srul warmodgenas

iZleva, TeTreuli stumrebis hipur

suliskveTebaze metyvelebs,

xolo temperatura imis dasturia,

rom мы в воде ледянной не тонем и в

огне почти не горим...

mavanni mixsniT, rom es saxli

unda gavyido da sxva unda viyido,

radgan saxli moxucia, avadaa, da

mTlad Tavxedebi imis Tqmasac ki

mibedaven, rom misi sneuleba Sei-

Zleba gadamdebi aRmoCndes. Zalian

Wkvianuri rCevaa: Cemi didi siyvaruli

iseT tips unda davuTmo,

romelsac is moxucad, avadmyofad

da fuWad miaCnia, romelic masTan

kontrabanda

gigi guledani

Cemi sofeli svaneTSi, ruseTis

sazRvarTanac axlosaa da afxazeTis

sazRvarTanac. is iTvleba

xeobis centralur dasaxlebad,

magram arc erT rukaze araa datanili,

miuxedavad imisa, rom

gacilebiT ufro patara garSemo

soflebi (da rukebze zogjer amave

soflis calkeuli ubnebic ki)

aRniSnulia xolme, magram mTlianad

sofeli _ arasdros. ra Sei-

Zleba iyos amis mizezi, eSmakma

uwyis. mamaCems vkiTxe, ar icoda.

megobrebs vuTxari da, _ raime

specproeqti

erTad ki ar icxovrebs, aramed TavisTvis

amuSavebs, da RamiT martos

datovebs, da awyeninebs, da dascinebs...

ara!

mogaxsenebT, briyvebo, rom samSoblos

da saxls ar vyidi, rom deda

moxucic dedaa, rom Tu karg gamokvlevas

CaitarebT, Tqven ufro

avadmyofebi aRmoCndebiT (hehe!), me

ki saxli arafers gadamdebs, radgan

raqitis asaki gamivida, jansaRi

saxsrebi maqvs da kameliebiani qalbatonis

namdvil ambavs Cemze veravin

moyveba. ololo Tqven!

es Cemi sayvareli sazRvaria:

zRurbli, romelsac gadavabijeb _

da SenTan var, saxlovski.

dae, iwvimos, iTovos _ TavSi qva

ixalos da mucelSi samarTebeli! kedlebi

sqelia, mtkice, saxuravamde ki

Zalian Soria. dae, iyefon quCis ZaRlebma

_ axlos mainc ver movlen, Cveni

mura yvelas moereva. mere ra, rom

xandaxan uadgilo adgilebidan wyali

gvasxams _ egeTebi gadagvitania? mere

ra, rom qalaqis mesveurebma pativi

dagvdes da zogi kari ar gveReba da

zogi ar gveketeba _ Cvens garda aq

Zvirfasi araferia, da Cveni waRebac,

me Tu mkiTxav, ar Rirs. ase rom, Sen

nurafris dardi nu geqneba, Sen rogor

Segelevi, saxlovski. sadRa vipovi

SenisTana CemisTana saxls?

da vicxovrebT ase, me da Cemi

saxlovski, da erTmaneTi Zalian

gveyvareba, maSinac, roca 64-is gavxdebi.

saidumlo obieqtebi xom ar ariso;

meTqi, ra sisulelea...

ra saidumlo obieqti _ erTi

klubia soflis centrSi naxevrad

gamocvlili, erTi samsarTuliani

skola, sasaflao, axali eklesia,

Zveli maRaziebi, bevri kalmaxi

cxeli Sokoladi 67


specproeqti

mdinareSi (romelzec soflidan

mdinaris saTaveebisken asuli

xalxi dinamitiT nadirobs xolme)

da axali fexburTis moedani.

klubs SarSan gamoucvales gadaxurva,

oRond marto nawilobriv,

imitom, rom `centridan~ gamoyofili

fuli mTel saxuravs ar eyo

da aseve axal fexburTis moedans

sami wyeba rkinis bade standartuli

modeliT karebebs ukan

aqvT, maSin roca am SemTxvevaSi

mdinaris gaswvriv unda hqonoda,

radgan, rogorc wesi, swored

mdinareSi gadafrenili burTebi

ikargeba xolme yvelaze xSirad.

swored aq bolo omis dros,

aTi agvistos dilas aivanze rom

gamovedi da Cem pirdapir marmarilos

myinvars avxede, zed

uzarmazari asoebiT ewera: `vania,

Celiabinsk. avgust, 2008~, razec,

ra Tqma unda, elda meca, magram

ezoSi wyaroze piri rom davibane,

myinvars xelmeored avxede,

aRmoCnda, rom warwera sizmridan

gadmoyolili halucinaciis nawili

iyo.

bolodroindeli sizmrebidan

ki ramdenime iyo iseTi, romle-

68 cxeli Sokoladi

bic ase Tu ise sazRvrebis darRvevas

an gadalaxvas ukavSirdeboda.

erTi xdeboda rokis gvirabSi,

erTi saqarTvelo-somxeT-azerbaijanis

sazRvarze, erTi Turqe-

Tis sazRvarze, erTic tajikeTavRaneTis,

sadac TiTqos me da

Cemi megobari sayofacxovrebo

teqnikis haSiSze gadasacvlelad

CavediT.

am oTxi siuJetidan mxolod

TurqeTis sazRvris epizodi dasrulda

tragikulad _ specnazis

snaiperebma umowyalod Cacxriles

TurqeTidan gadmosuli samxedro

jipi da adgilze myofma

televiziam Tavisi mikroavtobusidan

satelitebze gadasca manqanidan

gadmosuli dasisxlianebuli

koreeli jariskacis saxe.

saidan moxvda koreeli jariskaci

Turqul samxedro jipSi da

ratom gamoarRvia am adamianma

TurqeT-saqarTvelos sazRvari,

amoucnobi darCa. fonis specanalizma

perimetrze veranairi radiacia

ver aRmoaCina.

am erTis garda, danarCeni `sasazRvro

epizodebi~ bednierad

sruldeboda xolme. maxsovs,

rokis gvirabidan ruseTisken

sul xoxviT gavaRwie da rusi

mesazRvreebiT garSemortymuls

fotokamerebis Cxakunis meti

aRaraferi mesmoda, magram mixaroda,

rom mSvidobiT gadavrCi.

im wuTas xelSi meWira sicocxlis

ori garantia _ bevri Jurnalisti

garSemo da ucxo, magram simpaTiuri

axalgazrda kaci pijak-

Si, romelic operatorebis ukan

idga, gabrwyinebuli saxiT Tvals

mikravda da TiTebiT maCvenebda

gamarjvebis niSans (`V~). mivxvdi,

rom is CemiT amayobda.

saqarTvelo-somxeT-azerbaijanis

sazRvarze me da Cemi megobari

visxediT maRlobze, xan

erT qveyanas gadavxedavdiT, xan

meores da yurSi ratomRac sa-

galoblebi Cagvesmoda. `samxreT

sazRvarze cvlilebebi ar aris~,

_ CavZaxeT bazas raciaSi.

tajikeTs rac Seexeba, mand

me da Cemma megobarma ubralod

areulobiTa da rusul-tajikuri

korufciiT visargebleT. tajikur

(anu yofil sabWoTa) sazRvars

maSin (90-ianebSi, da albaT

dResac) rusebi akontrolebdnen.


Talibebi RamRamobiT masobrivi

SturmebiT awvebodnen avRaneTidan.

sazRvrispira srolaSi

bevri ixoceboda, magram amasTan

erTad iyo TanamSromlobis sanimuSo

magaliTebic, da Sedegad,

duSanbedan wyvetilad wamosuli

opiatebis TeTri nakadebi moZme

respublikebSi regularulad nawildeboda.

asrulebda Tu ara Tavis funqcias

tajikuri sazRvari? ra Tqma

unda, asrulebda, Tu davuSvebT,

rom sazRvari aris xazi romelic

or samyaros erTmaneTisgan mijnavs.

ras akavebdnen rusi mesazRvreebi

_ Talibebis gavlenas

Tu narkotrafiks? albaT ufro

Talibebs, radgan narkotrafiki,

rogorc ukve vTqviT, isec da

asec awyobilad muSaobda. eWvi

maqvs, rusebs egonaT, rom Talibebs

tajikeTze ideologiuri

gavlenis gavrceleba undodaT,

arada, eseni sinamdvileSi, ubralod

narkotrasebisTvis ibrZodnen.

SeZles Tu ara mxareebma TavianTi

miznis miRweva? eSmakma

uwyis. arc maSin da arc axla

amaze detalur informacias ar

vflob, am geopolitikur frontebze

me WianWvelas wonac ki ar

maqvs _ ubralod cifruli kamerebis

partia gadavcvale ramdenime

kilo haSiSSi (es iyo da es)

da wamovedi TviTmfrinaviT ukan.

sxvaTa Soris, arc duSanbesa da

arc Tbilisis aeroportebSi wi-

Teli (sasazRvro kontrolis)

xazi ar gadamikveTia. ra saWiroa

zedmeti beWdebi pasportSi?

mokled, Cemi mokrZalebuli

gamocdilebiT, yvela sazRvari

akrZalvaze mianiSnebs. Tu Cven

winaa sazRvari, es imas niSnavs,

rom amis iqiT raRacis gakeTeba

ar SeiZleba. kargia Tu ara es?

mTavari sazRvris molodinSi

giorgi gvaxaria

`TurqiSis~ TviTmfrinavebSi rom

patara ekranebia damontaJebuli,

vgiJdebi, ise momwons. vuyureb

rukas da vxvdebi, sada var.. rac

mTavaria, dro ase ufro swrafad

gadis.

CemTvis es procesi ormagad sasiamovnoa.

araerTxel minaxavs

sizmarSi zevidan danaxuli qalaqi,

zevidan danaxuli qveyana, zevidan

danaxuli planeta. dafrinav da

uyureb! drodadro Tvals Wutav,

ukeT rom dainaxo. an dabla eSvebi,

raTa Seexo yvelafers, rac mogwons.

sanam am ekranebs daamontaJebdnen,

TviTmfrinavSi radiomimRebs

vrTavdi xolme. ukrainul enas

ruminuli cvlida, ruminuls ungruli,

ungruls _ germanuli...

franguli enis gagonebisTanave

vxvdebodi, rom TviTmfrinavi parizs

miuaxlovda!

esec Taviseburi netareba iyo _

specproeqti

Cemi azriT, sazRvari ar atarebs

dadebiT muxts, imitom rom, rogorc

wesi, sxvisgan Tavsmoxveul

akrZalvasa da gareSe kontrols

gulisxmobs. Tumca, sazRvrebis

gauqmebisTvis deklarirebuli

brZola infantilurobad mimaCnia:

ra saWiroa los-anjeleseli

marqsisti studentis doneze

dasvla, roca yovelTvis mosula

molaparakeba TamaSis wesebze?

`SeTanxmeba savizo reJimis gamartivebis

Sesaxeb~; `SeTanxmeba sazRvris

gadakveTis gamartivebis

Sesaxeb~; `SeTanxmeba kavSirSi gawevrianebis

Sesaxeb~.

da Tu eseni ar muSaobs, yovelTvis

SeiZleba cxovrebiT gadaRlili

rusi generlis moZebna,

romelic nebismier tvirTs,

nebismier sazRvarze xakisferi

TviTmfrinavebiT uproblemod

gadmogataninebs.

jer erTi, ase ufro swrafad gadioda

dro im tanjvaSi, romelsac

`frena~ hqvia (CemTvis, frena yvelaze

saSineli tanjvaa) da meorec

_ enebis cvla badebda samyaros

dauflebis gancdas, mTlianobisa

da mravalferovnebis erTianobis

SegrZnebas.

sabWoTa epoqaSi gazrdilisTvis

Tavisufali gadaadgilebis ufleba

yvelaze didi saCuqari iyo, rac

iRbalma momaniWa. Sengenis vizebi

cxeli Sokoladi 69


specproeqti

roca SemoiRes, mTeli weli vagrovebdi

fuls, evropa rom dameTvalierebina.

axla vixseneb, ra damrCa

im mogzaurobidan? kiolnis

taZari? romis kolizeumi? briuselis

`grand plasi~? gaudis saxlebi

barselonaSi? ara da ara. yvelaze

waruSleli gancda am qveynebs

Soris gauqmebuli sazRvari iyo;

aeroportSi pasportis `damTvalierebeli~

mesazRvris sazizRar

mzeras gadavurCi, matarebelSi

aRar Semosulan ucnaurad Cacmuli

qalebi da kacebi, romlebic kidev

ufro met kiTxvas gisvamen, vidre

maTi kolegebi aeroportSi...

magram evropaSi yvelaze sasiamovno

mainc manqaniT mogzauroba gaxda;

avtobanebze gauqmda sasazRvro

punqtebi, uamrav adamians rom

daakargvines cxovrebis Zvirfasi

dro _ wuTebi, saaTebi, dReebic ki

(am sasazRvro punqtebTan xom, rogorc

wesi, ugrZelesi rigi idga).

erTi qveynidan meoreSi moxvedra

ramdenime wamSi gaxda SesaZlebeli;

da sizmarSi frenisa ar iyos,

am SemTxvevaSic sul ramdenime

wamSi icvleboda ena, faqtura,

stili, dizaini, ganaTeba; germania-safrangeTis

sazRvarze, ufro

sworad ukve gauqmebuli sazRvris

or mxares, sruliad gansxvavebul

yavas aduRebdnen, gansxvavebuli

gemo hqonda luds, kruasans...

CemTvis, adamianisTvis, romelic

lamis mTeli cxovreba sazRvris

gauqmebas qadagebda, es `Sengenis

zona~ axali sicocxlis dasawyisi

iyo... Tanac imis imedi, rom `zona~

gafarTovdeboda da cota xanSi

Cvenc aRmovCndebodiT kiolnis

taZris, romis kolizeumis, gaudis

saxlebis sivrceSi.

Cven... ver mogarTviT batono.

evrokavSiri ki ara, ager nato-s

`mosawvevic~ ar gvaRirses. magram

kargi dRe ar daudga arc saerTo

evropul saxls, romlis mSeneblobis

utopia qSiStof kiSlovskim

jer kidev 90-iani wlebis dasawyisSi

gamoxata `veronikas ormag cxovrebaSi~;

sazRvari yovelTvis iqnebao,

_ amtkicebda kiSlovski.radgan am

planetas `bednierebis maragi~ SezRuduli

aqvs, viRacam aucileblad

viRacis xarjze unda icxovros da

aucileblad unda iyos kedliT, sazRvriT

gamoyofilio.

sazRvris gauqmebasTan erTad

usaSvelod daemsgavsnen erTmaneTs

franguli, germanuli, espanuri,

italiuri qalaqebi; daiwyo

`tiraJireba~ fexiT mosiaruleTa

ubnebis, TavianTi `zaraTi~ da `H

& M~-iT. erTnairi fuli, erTnairi

maRaziebi da inglisuri ena, romelic

arcTu ise iSviaTad adgi-

kavkasiuri carcis sazRvari

SoTa gagarini

erTi ZvelisZveli franguli filmi

gamaxsenda axla _ „kanoni kanonia~

(La Loi C’est la Loi). fernandeli da

toto TamaSoben. Zalian magari filmia.

siuJeti viTardeba italiurfrangul

sazRvarze aRmocenebul

patara qalaqSi. erTi inspeqtoria,

romelic Tavisi yofili colis

qmars da bavSvobis megobars dasdevs.

is-isaa unda Caavlos, rom saSinel

70 cxeli Sokoladi

ambavs igebs _ Turme igi, safrange-

Tis ki ara, italiis mxares dabadebula

da maSasadame safrangeTis iurisdiqciis

qveS myof `borotmoqmeds~

ver daakavebs; metic, saswrafod

unda miatovos ojaxi, saxli, kari da

dabrundes ukan, samSobloSi... quCis

gadaRma. sabralo iwyebs CaliCs, rom

rogorme daibrunos safrangeTis

moqalaqeoba, raRac maqinaciur sqe-

lobriv enaze ufro xSirad ismis,

sazRvrebis gauqmebis tendenciis

gagrZelebaa.

sazRvris gadakveTa iq, sadac

odesRac sasazRvro punqti moqmedebda,

aRaranair rituals ar

warmoadgens. yavasac ukve erTnairi

gemo aqvs germaniasa da safrangeTSi.

ras niSnavs es? sazRvrebi vinatroT?

ratomac ara. Tuki Tavisuflad

gagvatareben, aqeT-iqiT

moZraobis, frenis uflebas mogvcemen,

ratomac ar unda vinatroT

mravalferovani planeta,

romlis Svilebi sxvadasxva enaze

ilaparakeben, sxvadasxva fuli eqnebaT,

sxvadasxvanairi maRaziebi,

magram erTmaneTTan urTierTobas

ar gawyveten. icxovreben ase _

mravalferovan erTianobaSi

ratom ar SeiZleba?

anda, rom vicodeT, rom mTavari

sazRvris, sikvdil-sicocxlis

sazRvris gadakveTis SemTxvevaSi,

isev SegveZleba ukan dabruneba,

xom aRar SegveSindeba xifaTis?

gadavalT da davbrundebiT _ araa

problema!

magram, vai, rom ar viciT, gamogvatareben

Tu ara ukan, planetaze,

romelic, miuxedavad imisa, rom

`bednierebis maragi~ SezRuduli

aqvs, mainc Zalian sayvarelia.

masac SeimuSavebs, magram kacs bedi

rom ar geqneba... saboloo jamSi igi

italiis moqalaqeobasac kargavs da

rCeba samSoblos gareSe. mTeli cxovreba

sazRvarze unda gaataros.

faqtobriv da fiqtiur saxelmwifoebs

Soris sazRvrebma garkveuli

aqtualoba CemTvis mas Semdeg Sei-

Zina, rac ulamazes soxumel gogonasTan

SevuRldi. gamogitydebiT,


manamde es sazRvrebi CemSi raRac

bundovan, yavlgasul, baneridan

„gvaxsovdes afxazeTis~ tipis mowodebisgan

gamowveul grZnobas aRvivebda.

ai, warsulebis sadRegrZeloSi

viRac SenTvis sruliad ucxo

tips rom moixsenieb, maspinZlis xa-

TriT. axla ki raRacnairad, TiTqos

ufro naRdi, ufro pragmatuli datvirTva

miiRo; miT umetes _ bolo

dros, rodesac qarTul-afxazuri

da qarTul-osuri sazRvari, qar-

Tul-rusuli sazRvris konteqstSi

ganixileba.

oh es sazRvrebi... aravin davobs,

sazRvari imisTvisaa, rom daicva. magram

konkretulad rogor unda daicva?

xom arsebobs dacvis sxvadasxva

taqtika.

zogi imasac ambobs, _ saukeTeso

Tavdacva Tavdasxmaao.

ise mainc netav rame azri aqvs sazRvrebis

da barikadebis arsebobas

erTmaneTis msgavsebs Soris? maT Soris,

vinc erTnairad fiqroben, erTi

da igiveze ocneboben, erTnairad

uyvarT deda, coli, samSoblo. Tumca

vin icis. me isic minaxavs, Zmebi

erTmaneTs rogor aginebdnen, _ Seni

wili dedaco. arada, deda saerToa.

deda aSkarad saerToa.

ho, deda saerToa, roca aqac iseve

iqcevian, rogorc „iq~, roca geub-

nebian, rom patriotisTvis „lideri

yovelTvis marTalia~, roca „mTavaria,

iseTi magari tipi iyo, rom masebis

marTva SegeZlos~.

Tqveni ar vici, magram me marTla

meSinia, roca sazRvrebis dacvis

aucileblobis argumentiT amar-

Tleben totalitarul tendenciebs.

marTla geubnebiT, aqamde ubralod

vyoymanobdi Svilis ambavze, am garemosTvis

ver vimetebdi, axla ukve

lamisaa, saerTod vazeqtomiis gake-

Tebaze vifiqro.

ara, gasagebia, rom kargia, Tu bavSvma

icis forsmaJorul garemoebebSi

rogor moiqces, icodes pirveladi

daxmarebis gaweva da a.S. magram maSin

relevanturi terminebiT isaubron.

ra SuaSia „samxedro-patriotuli

aRzrda?~ ra saWiroa skolebSi es samxedro

angaJireba, mkerdze mjiRis

cema, qarTuli sulis aRmatebulebis

da rusebis dedis ginebis mecnieruli

legitimacia, magas ver vxvdebi.

ra, vinmes eWvi epareba, rom ase ar

moxdeba?

gaxsovT, „patriotebis banakebis~

keTebisasac aSkarad raRac „boiskautebis~

pontSi gvindoda gamosuliyo.

is gansxvavebaa, rom boiskautebSi

manqurTul morCilebas, `jos, jos~

da populizms ki ara, individualur

iniciativas da jgufur muSa-

specproeqti

obas aswavlian. da qeTevanis ZuZus

kertebis Sesaxeb uniWo sazepiroebis

nacvlad _ `mezRvauris kvanZis~

Sekvras, romelic (albaT) ufro gamoadgebaT

patriotebs cxovrebaSic

da fors-maJorul situaciaSic.

an Tu es yvelaferi saxelmwifos

gasamyareblad keTdeba _ Tuki arsebul

saganmanaTleblo sistemaSi

ar gamodis bavSvis damoukidebeli

azrovnebis unaris aRzrda, am sistemaSi

axali azris CamxSobi manqanebis

instalaciiT miviRebT adamians, vinc

unda gaamyaros Cveni saxelmwifoebrivi

safuZvlebi? me ramdenadac

vici, Tanamedrove, Zlieri saxelmwifos

safuZveli samoqalaqo sazogadoebaa,

xolo sazogadoeba aris individebis

erToba da ara samxedro

SenaerTi. isic zustad vici, rom aSS

aSS-d lari flintebma aqcies da ara

patriotTa banakebma.

Tumca, Tu rusebisamebr mesame

roms da meoTxe reixs vaSenebT, maSin

ratomac ara. iyos zizRis gakveTilebic,

hitleris citatebic saxelmwifo

arxze, gamoviWiroT da gamovirwyaT

organizmidan TiToeuli

„wveTi araqarTuli sisxli~, Tavis

qalac gavzomoT fargliT, gamoviTvaloT

sabrZolo sulis kuTri

wona da yvelaze mZimeebianebs davajaxoT

yvelaze msxvilgaviani gogo-

cxeli Sokoladi 71


specproeqti

nebi, lekvebiviT rom dayaron bavSvebi

specializebul saxlebSi, raTa

Zlieri Taoba aRvzardoT sazRvrebis

dasacavad da ara viRac gaCxikinebuli

inwiligentebi. 100%-ian garantias

gaZlevT, rom am SemTxvevaSi

marTla gavZlierdebiT, magram ra

unda daicvan am Zlierma jariskacebma?

risTvis unda gaswiron is Tavi,

romlisTvisac saazrovno funqciis

CamorTmevaze zrunvaSi Zalian bev

fuls davxarjavT?

axla sad aris is opozicia, „demokratiis~

da „pluralizmis~ skandirebiT

yurebi rom gamomiWedes?

Tumca, etyoba, imaTac romi undaT.

ise, marTla rom avarCioT erTi kai

ulayi da SeviyvanoT parlamentSi,

albaT bevrze cudad ar gaarTmevs

saqmes Tavs.

vici, viRacebi metyviT, _ ai Cven,

Cveni sisxlis fasad sazRvrebis gauval

kedlebad qcevas vcdilobT, Sen

modixar da am kedels Signidan gvingrev.

Cven da rusebs Soris sazRvars

angrev, Sli. arada, sazRvars, namdvil

sazRvars qarTvelebsa da rusebs

Soris, swored Tqven SliT batonebo,

roca cdilobT iqaur gopnikebs, sapirwoned,

aqauri qudze-gopnikebis

mTeli Taobebi daaxvedroT. mTavari

xom mentaluri sazRvaria, Torem

qvis kedlebma auRebeli troac ver

daicva, miuxedavad imisa, rom mis

dasacavad „ganurCevlad sqesisa~,

mxardamxar iRwvodnen heqtorisnairi

devgmirebi da Zlevamosili amazoneli

qalebi, romlebisac Tavad

herakles eSinoda Tavis droze. gana

gemduriT. vici, siyvaruliT mog-

sazRvris nacia

daviT makariZe

`me TiTqmis mivaRwie Cveni samyaros kides, da vnaxe sagnebi

iseTi, rogorebic arian isini sinamdvileSi. sruliad gansxvavebuli

imisgan, rogorsac maT CvenTvis akeTeben. CvenTvis

sasargeblod~...

filip diki, `Time Out of Joint~

`dro umniSvneloa, mxolod sicocxles aqvs mniSvneloba~.

liuk besoni, `mexuTe elementi~

`odesRac Cven zRvis organizmebi viyaviT da wyalqveS vcxovrobdiT.

akvariumis tyveobaSi moqceulni, vcdilobdiT,

zRvis zedapiris miRma gagvexeda da gangvecada, Tu ramdenad

didi iyo samyaro, romelic zeviT gvelodeboda~.

timoTi liri, `RmerTis Svidi ena~

bavSvobaSi mainteresebda, Tu

ras ganicdida qristefore kolumbi,

rodesac fexi san salvadoris

miwaze dadga. mainteresebda

ori saukunis Semdeg ras

ganicdidnen pirveli kolonistebi,

rodesac veluri dasavleTis

dapyroba daiwyes. Cem warmosa-

72 cxeli Sokoladi

xvaSi cocxldeboda aTasobiT kilometrze

_ texasidan CrdiloeT

dakotamde gadaWimuli frontiris

istoria, romelic nel-nela

dasavleTisken miiwevda, ukan ki

aTvisebul da umankoebadakargul

miwas tovebda. maTi gza sisxliT

da ofliT iyo gaJRenTili da

diT. magram mgoni, es iseTi siyvarulia,

rogoriTac „Tavisi wili~ deda

uyvarT xolme. Zalian Tu davagvianebT

amis gacnobierebas, Cvenc im

filmis mTavar gmirs davemsgavsebiT,

sazRvarze rom mouwia dasaxleba. ra

erqva aRar maxsovs. gafrangebulma

da bednierad mcxovrebma uceb rom

aRmoaCina, rom arasasurveli qveynis

nawili yofila, Seecada iqidan Tavis

daRwevas, daaRwia kidec, magram

safrangeTma kari Cauketa da darCa

ganwiruli erT viwro zolze win da

ukan uazrod sasiarulod.

rasakvirvelia, Caketaven kars. aba,

romeli dasavluri struqtura Seifarebs

banZ qveyanas, romelic, suverenitetis

mizniT, adolf hitlers

citirebs.

burusiT mocul horizontisken

miiswrafvoda. kolonistebis Ti-

Toeuli nabiji qaosis samefos-

Tvis gamoglejili miwis kidev

erT naglejs Cuqnida civilizacias,

magram male, iseve rogorc

yvelaferi maT mier ukve mravaljer

gancdili, Tavis idumal xi-


ls kargavda da banalur yoveldRiurobad

iqceoda. xifaTs da

Tavgadasavlebs mowyurebulni ki

kvlav aiyrebodnen da axal avantiuristebTan

erTad win, samyaros

kidisken miemarTebodnen.

miuxedavad Crdiloamerikeli

aborigenebis maRalganviTarebuli

sulieri kulturisa, teritoriebi,

romlebic TeTrkaniani

mosaxleobis kontrols ar

eqvemdebareboda, moklebuli iyo

evropuli civilizaciisTvis damaxasiaTebel

infrastruqturas da

wesrigs. frontiri iyo sazRvari

wesrigsa da qaoss Soris. adgili,

sadac erTmaneTs veluri samyaro

da civilizacia xvdeboda. sadac

mxolod Seupovar da energiiT

aRsavse pionerebs ZaluZdaT cxovreba.

kolonizacias da frontirs albaT

arc erTi qveynis istoriaSi

ar Seusrulebia iseTi roli, rac

_ amerikis istoriaSi. amerikelma

xalxma Tavisi TviTidentifikacia

frontirs daukavSira. magram,

garda amisa, frontiri is droebi-

Ti avtonomiuri zona iyo, sadac

civilizebul adamians SeeZlo

Tavisuflad amoesunTqa da mcire

Tavdasxmebi ganexorcielebina

velur samyaroze. samyaroze, romelic

Tavisi spontanuri bunebis

gamo, mas im axal gancdebs Cuqnida,

romlebic mowyenil beber

evropaSi ganuxorcielebeli oc-

neba iyo. swored am gancdebis molodinma,

avantiuristulma sulma

aiZula maTi umravlesoba, mietovebinaT

Cveuli wynari da nacrisferi

cxovreba, cxovreba, sadac

TiToeul maTgans zustad SeeZlo

ganesazRvra, Tu ra eloda win,

da gadaecura okeane uzarmazar

daundobel zvirTebs mindobili

xomaldebiT. Serkineboda miwas,

romelsac manam ar enaxa miwaTmoqmedi

adamianis xeli, sacalfexo

bilikebis nacvlad, gzebi gaekvala

da pirispir damdgariyo im realobis

winaSe, sadac aravin uwyoda,

ra urCxuli daesxmeboda Tavs

udabur tyeebSi Tu xeobebSi, sadac

mxolod gangebis da sakuTari

moxerxebulobis imedi SeeZlo

hqonoda.

me-20 saukune imiT gaxda aRsaniSnavi,

rom adamianma bolo Te-

Tri laqa gaaqro planetis rukidan.

amieridan aRar arsebobda

teritoria, romelic aravis ar

ekuTvnoda, miwis nagleji, sadac

civilizebul adamians fexi

ar daedga. gaqra frontiri, romelic

qaosisa da wesrigis ara

marto gamyofi, aramed damakav-

Sirebeli xidi, erTgvari neitraluri

teritoria iyo. albaT maT,

vinc gadalaxa epoqis es rubikoni,

daaxloebiT igive gancda unda

hqonodaT, rogoric me, rodesac

mivxvdi, rom bavSvuri ocnebebi

samyaros garSemo mogzaurobaze

specproeqti

ukacrieli da SeubRalavi kunZulebis

aRmosaCenad ganuxorcielebeli

iyo. es swored is uZlurobis

da usamarTlobis gancda iyo,

romelzec hakim bei werda: `nuTu

Cven ganwirulni varT, verasdros

gamovcadoT avtonomia; arasdros,

Tundac erTi wamiTac ar davdgaT

fexi miwas, romelsac mxolod Tavisufleba

marTavs? nuTu mxolod

warsulis nostalgia da momavalze

ocneba dagvrCa?~

albaT swored am gancdam ai-

Zula ciolkovski, kosmosSi mogzaurobaze

eocneba, pirveli astronavtebi

ki uaxloes kosmosur

sivrceSi gaWriliyvnen da sxva

ciuri sxeulebis kolonizaciaze

daewyoT fiqri.

Tumca adamianis gonma sul sxvagan

aRmoaCina Terra incognita; iq,

sadac adre mxolod filosofosebi

da mistikosebi grZnobdnen

Tavs laRad. globaluri sainformacio

qseli axal velur dasavle-

Tad, axal frontirad gadaiqca

maTTvis, visTvisac siaxlis gancda

pirveladi instinqtia.

ufro Rrma warsulSi Tu CavixedavT,

aRmovaCenT, rom globaluri

qseli, rogorc TviTganviTarebadi

sainformacio struqtura,

maSin Caisaxa, rodesac pirvelyofilma

adamianebma informaciis

gacvla did manZilebze daiwyes.

pirveli sasignalo koconebi Tu

dolebis ena internetis uZvelesi

cxeli Sokoladi 73


specproeqti

winaparia. Tumca maSindeli sainformacio

teqnologiebi, informaciis

Senaxvis da gadacemis mwiri

resursebis gamo, ufro instrumentuli

saSualeba iyo, vidre

Ding an sich 1 .

magram Tu kacobriobis mTel

istorias am paradigmaSi ganvixilavT,

is warmogvidgeba rogorc

sainformacio sivrcis mSenebloba,

romelic ara marto garkveuli

informaciis dagrovebas, aramed

misi analizis da urTierTkavSirebis

SeqmniT informaciisagan

informaciis warmoebas da TviTganviTarebas

niSnavs. saukuneebis

ganmavlobaSi es kacobriobis mTavari

saqmianoba iyo sakuTari Tavis

gadarCenasTan erTad.

nel-nela viTardeboda rogorc

informaciis Senaxvis, aseve misi

gadacemis da damuSavebis teqnologiebi.

moxetiale mTxrobelebi

wignebma Secvala. gutenbergis

revoluciam saSualeba gaaCina am

codnis raodenoba da gavrcelebis

areali xarisxobrivad gazrdiliyo.

nel-nela erTeuli pirovnebebis

aRqmaSi yovelive es formas

iZenda da saxifaTo magram momxibvleli

moCvenebis saxiT evlineboda

maT. moCvenebis, romlis sacecebi

planetas iyo SemoWdobili da

adamianebis warmosaxviT sazrdoobda.

teqnologiurma revoluciam

ki, romelic eleqtroenergiis gamoyenebiT

telegrafiT informaciis

gadacemiT daiwyo da bolos

globalur cifrul sainformacio

qselamde migviyvana, am moCvenebas

fizikuri sxeuli SesZina.

dRes am qselis saSualebiT Ti-

Tqmis realur droSi SegviZlia

miviRoT informacia planetis nebismieri

kuTxidan. am qselSi Tavmoyrili

codna TiTqmis utoldeba

kacobriobis xelT arsebuls.

TiToeuli CvenganisTvis xelmisawvdomia

informaciis damuSavebis

saSualebebi. dRes Cven SegviZlia

movipovoT imaze gacilebiT meti

codna, vidre kacobriobas Seuqmnia

saukuneebis manZilze. magram

74 cxeli Sokoladi

yvelaze mTavari albaT isaa, rom

am qselma dagvanaxa sainformacio

sivrcis ganviTarebis TiTqmis

usazRvro perspeqtiva da amiT

daabruna bavSvobisdroindeli

rwmena, rom win kidev bevri gvaqvs

Sesacnobi da gansacdeli.

dRes axali frontiri am samyaroSi

gadis da mowesrigebul represiul

institutebs damorCilebul

informacias da mwyobrSi

Camdgar tranzaqciebs im potenciur

SesaZleblobebisagan mijnavs,

romlis aRmoCenac sainformacio

qaosSi win gvelodeba.

informaciis digitalizaciam

gamoaRviZa miviwyebuli survili,

gauziaro sakuTari simdidre

sxvas. sagnobriv samyaroSi

gaziareba yovelTvis danakargs

gulisxmobda. cifruli informacia

ki ise SeiZleba aCuqo sxvas,

rom araferi dakargo unikaluri

informaciis flobis upiratesobis

garda. amitomacaa, rom sainformacio

produqciis mwarmoebeli

kompaniebi dRemde uSedegod

ebrZvian informaciul mekobreobas.

dRes xom TiToeuli Cvengani

SeiZleba gaxdes mxiaruli rojeris

droSis qveS mebrZoli, Tu

Seecdeba eWvis qveS daayenos vinmes

gansakuTrebuli ufleba, gaavrcelos

esa Tu is informacia.

dRes Zalian martivia Sen megobars

socialuri Tu P2P 2 qselidan

sayvareli simRera, axali filmi

Tu Seni samagido wigni gauziaro,

da Tan ise, rom Sen amiT araferi

dagakldes.

dRes ukve saeWvoa, ra ufro

mniSvnelovania, flobde sxvebisagan

dafarul codnas, Tu guluxvis

socialuri statusi gqondes;

an ufro metic, ar flobde arafers

da iyo Tavisufali, radgan

is, rasac sxvas uziareb, aRar sa-

Wiroebs masze mijaWvas da gan-

Tavisuflebs sakuTari Tavisgan.

Tumca es midgoma ufro misticizmTanaa

dakavSirebuli da exmianeba

gnostikur ideebs, romlebic

Zalian popularulia qselur

sazogadoebebSi. sagulisxmoa, rom

gnosticizmis da teqnologiebis

sinTezma axali literaturuli

mimdinareoba Seqmna _ kiberpanki,

romlis mimdevari avtorebis winaswarmetyvelebebma

globaluri

qselis dRevandeli formiT Camoyalibebas

Seuwyo xeli.

vebgverdebis bumidan didi dro

ar gasula, rodesac TiToeuli

korporacia, Tu kerZo piri internetSi

personalur gverdebs

qmnida, Tanamdrove Web 2.0 3 teqnologiam

ki blogosferos saxiT

axal sainformacio qaoss daudo

saTave. sul raRac aTiode

wlis win Cemi pirveli vebgverdi

swored ase, primitiul HTML redaqtorSi

Sevqmeni da am teqnologiis

mouqnelobis gamo kibersivrcis

talRebSi mivatove. dRes

ki yvelaze mouxerxebelma momxmarebelmac

ki icis, rogor Seqmnas

sakuTari vebdRiuri, sadac

sakuTari TeTreulis istoriidan

dawyebuli `atomuri ganTiadebis~

mowyobis teqnologiebiT damTavrebuli

yvelafris Sesaxeb Seu-

Zlia isaubros da Tan ise, rom

praqtikulad veravin SezRudos

Tavisufali TviTgamoxatvisadmi

misi miswrafeba. an Seqmna saidumlo

konspiraciuli sazogadoeba,

romelic, doqtor benveis msgavsad,

fizikuri realobis winaaRmdeg

amboxSi miiRebs monawileobas.

magaliTad iseTi, rogorebic

iyvnen Хакеры Сновидения, romlebic

fizikuri realobis matricis

gatexvis uZveles ocnebas eswrafvodnen;

an mixeil radugas mimdevrebi,

romlebic globaluri

qselis teqnologiebis da magiuri

codnis sinTezis gamoyenebiT axali

matricis Seqmnas apireben.

Tumca arseboben iseTi jgufebic,

rogoric iyo, magaliTad,

Heaven’s Gate, romlis wevrebi mas

Semdeg gaxdnen cnobili, rac 1997

wels koleqtiuri suicidi moawyves

im imediT, rom sicocxles

heil-bopis kometaze gaagrZelebdnen,

romelmac dedamiwas Cau


qrola. Tumca es SemTxvevac imas

aCvenebs, rom globaluri qseli

SeiZleba TiToeuli pirovnebis

interesebs emsaxurebodes, ramdenad

miuRebelic unda iyos es

interesebi sazogadoebis sxva wevrebisTvis.

dRes ukve interneti eWvis qveS

ayenebs teritoriuli sazRvrebis

unars, Seakavos dedamiwis sxvadasxva

kuTxeSi mcxovrebi adamianebis

uSualo urTierToba; da

amiT ufro aRvivebs adamianebis

survils, cxovrobdnen Ria da gamWvirvale

politikur sistemaSi.

gutenbergis revoluciam elituri

politikuri sistema imiT daangria,

rom gaauqma erTeulebis

monopolia codnaze. internet

revolucia daangrevs totalitarizms

imiT, rom saSualebas miscems

TiToeul Cvengans, ipovos

Tanamoazre msoflios nebismier

wertilSi. internet revolucia

daubrunebs sazRvars Tavis mistikur

bunebas, erTdroulad iyos

gamyofi da damakavSirebeli banalurobasa

da siaxles, wesrigsa da

qaoss, sikvdilsa da sicocxles

Soris. radgan sicocxle mudmiv

ganaxlebas, moZraobas da spontanurobas

niSnavs; da sad unda vipovoT

sicocxlis energia Tu ara

sazRvrebis miRma?

dRevandeli socialuri qselebis

momxmareblebi ukve virtualur

sazogadoebebs qmnian ara

marto imisTvis, rom erTmaneTs

sakuTari Sinauri cxovelebis ancobaze

esaubron, aramed imis-

Tvis, rom realuri Zalisxmeva moaxmaron

kibersivrcis gareT maTi

garemomcveli samyaros Secvlas.

iqneba es mcire socialur-politikuri

gaerTianebebi Tu `mebr-

ZolTa klubis~ msgavsi kulturu-

li Jamming-is jgufebi.

es cxovrebaa samarTeblis pirze,

saxifaTo da momajadoebeli.

cxovrebis wamebi, romlis intensivoba

Rirs imad, rom dagaviwydes

mSvidi da uzrunveli sibere

da gadaeSva kibersivrcis fsiqodelur

mogzaurobaSi. mogzaurobaSi,

romelic erTdroulad

momxibvlelicaa da saxifaToc;

brwyinvale da idumalebiT moculic.

magaliTad iseTi, rogoric

e.w. Darknet-ia, qselis `bneli~ mxare.

is bevrisTvis SeiZleba ucnobi

iyos. magram am jurRmulebSi mravali

axali idea ibadeba. idea, Tu

rogor dauZvre saxelmwifo Tu

sxva sazogadoebriv represiul

aparatebs da Seiqmna sakuTari,

Tundac droebiTi, avtonomiuri

zona.

dRes qselis saSualebiT Sei-

Zleba axali xelovnebis Seqmna,

romelic Tavis srulyofas mxolod

qselSi Tu miaRwevda. iqneba

es xelovnuri inteleqtis Seqmnis

mcdeloba, romelic axali literaturis

nimuSebis generacias

daiwyebs, boti 4 , romelic internetSi

performansebs moawyobs,

Tu konveis Game of Life-is 5 TviTganviTarebadi

virtualuri ujreduli

koloniis cocxali suraTi.

qselSi xSirad vpoulob xolme

im iSviaT nivTebs, romlebsac

internetis gareSe Znelad Tu mivagnebdi.

brainpaint.com-ze swored

amgvar mowyobilobebs da programul

uzrunvelyofas gadavawydi.

teqnologiurma garRvevam

stimuli misca axali interfeisebis

SemuSavebas, romelic saSualebas

gvaZlevs, ufro mWidro

da uSualo urTierToba gvqondes

kibersamyarosTan. neironuli

ukukavSiris garnitura saSulebas

specproeqti

gvaZlevs, kompiuteri mxolod gonebis

daZabviT vmarToT da misi

meSveobiT SevqmnaT siurrealisturi

ferweruli namuSevrebi an

sivrceSi sxvadasxva sagnebi gadavaadgiloT,

maT Soris _ magali-

Tad, unarSezRuduli adamianis

savarZeli.

portatuli gajetebi, mobiluri

interneti kidev erTi nabijia

qselSi Cveni CarTulobis gasazrdelad.

Semdegi nabiji implantantebi

da nanoteqnologiaa,

romlebic saSualebas mogvcems,

informacia uSualod gavcvaloT

sxva realur Tu virtualur arsebebTan,

an Tundac im xelovnur

gonTan, romelsac aseTi interesiT

da SiSiT elodeba kacobrioba.

momavlis teqnologiebis en-

Tuziastebi, magaliTad iseTebi,

rogoric tim liri iyo, sruliad

fantastikur proeqtebs gvTavazoben;

iqneba es cnobierebis

mdgomareobis Secvla qselTan

simbiozis gansaxorcieleblad Tu

sakuTari gonis internetSi gadatana

sikvdilis Semdeg.

am eleqtronuli frontiris

wina xazze amoucnobis pionerebi

arian, teqnologia maTTvis, iseve,

rogorc oqro pirveli amerikeli

oqrosmaZieblebisTvis, mxolod

sababia sakuTari moxetiale

daudgromeli da interesiani bunebis

realizaciisaTvis.

es swored is sazRvaria, romelic

Cveul samyaros ucnob, faTerakebiT

aRsavse sainformacio qaosidan

gamoyofs. sazRvari, sadac

cxovreba yovelTvis sainteresoa,

radgan aqedan nebismier wams SemiZlia

gadavdga nabiji amoucnobisken

da mqondes imedi, rom

samyaro Tavis momxibvlelobas

arasdros dakargavs.

1

sagani Tavis TavSi

2

piringuli qseli (Peer-to-peer), qseli romlis saSualebiTac misi monawileebi uSualod ukavSirdebian erTmaneTs da romelic gulisxmobs monawileebis

Tanasworobas. aseT qselebSi ar aris gamoyofili serverebi da TiToeuli monawile erTdroulad aris rogorc klienti aseve serveri. magali-

Tad BitTorrent, Soulseek da eDonkey.

3

Web 2.0 gulisxmobs qselSi kontentis Sevsebas misi momxmareblebis meSveobiT. amis magaliTia blogebi, socialuri qselebi da Wiki.

4

kompiuteruli programa, romelic damoukideblad muSaobs qselSi.

5

ujreduli avtomati, romelic sivrceSi cocxali organizmebis koloniis simulacias axdens.

cxeli Sokoladi 75


dokumenturi proza

sxvebis qveyana

avtori: sandro naveriani

pirveli, rac avRaneTSi Cemi damoukidebeli

cxovrebis dros gavakeTe,

is iyo, ro wavedi fostaSi

da Cemi colis Txovnis Sesrulebas

mivyavi xeli. ori sityviT davwere

werili, ro Cavedi, kargad var,

RmerTo Cemo, aseTi silamaze arsad

minaxavs da msgavsi sawerilo Sinaarsis

winadadebebi. Cavde konvertSi,

davartyi marka da didi siamayiT gavuSvire

fostis qals, romelmac 60

centis ekvivalenti CamiCoTqa avRanur

avRanebSi (afghan), gamiRima da

erTmaneTs mzeriT davemSvidobeT.

Cemi coli romantikosia (mec viyavi

erT dros) da konvertiT miRebuli

werili xo warmogidgeniaT,

ras niSnavs misTvis?! darwmunebuli

viyavi, werils sanTlis Suqze waiki-

Txavda, an wvimian aminds daelodeboda.

ramdenime dReSi msgavsi procedura

kvlav gavimeore. maSin ukve Suqrias

vicnobdi da misi rCeviT mxolod

Ria baraTi SeviZine qabulis

xediT da zedve davwere sayvareli

adamianisTvis Soreuli qveynidan sa-

Tqmeli sityvebi. Ria baraTs markac

mivakari, 1966 wels gamoSvebuli,

romelic jer kidev ZalaSia. Suqriam

76 cxeli Sokoladi

Ria baraTis gagzavna imitom mirCia,

rom daluqul konvertebs saguldagulod

amowmeben sabaJoze da ufro

didxans andomebs adresatamde misvlaso.

avRaneTSi yofnis dros Tanamedrove,

dasavlur cxovrebas mowyurebul

axalgazrda avRanel gogoeb-

Si didi popularobiT sargeblobda

indoeTSi warmoebuli mwvaneZiriani

Savi fexsacmeli. qabulis mdidrul

ubnebSi, sadac Raribebic mravlad

daiarebodnen, aTidan or gogos

mainc ecva aseTi fexsacmeli. erTi

SexedviT amaSi araferi gasakviri

ar aris, miT ufro CvenTvis _ Tavisuflad

SeiZleba saqarTvelos

bolo oci wlis istoria `jeqsonebis~,

`piramidebis~, Savi `levisebis~

da `reibanebis~, `kabaSarvlebis~ da

rezinis botebis (`valinka~) epoqebad

davyoT. amitomac CavTvale,

rom avRaneTSi, kerZod ki qabulSi,

induri warmoebis mwvaneZiriani Savi

fexsacmlis epoqaa da verc verafers

gavigebdi, rom ara sastumros

damlagebeli axalgazrda gogo Suqria.

Suqria tipiuri avRanelia,

gaWirvebuli da fulis saSovnelad

yvelaferze wamsvleli. vgulisxmob

iseT saqmes, rac, magaliTad, saqar-

TveloSi bevrs eTakileba _ cocxs

xom ar aviReb xelSi da rame. ori

kviris ganmavlobaSi SuqriasTan sakmaod

Tbili urTierToba Camomiyalibda,

Tu rame kiTxva miCndeboda,

mas vekiTxebodi da isic dauzarlad

mpasuxobda. aRmoCnda, rom Zalian

kargad icis Tavisi qveynis istoria,

kargad icnobs avRanel xalxs

da avRaneTis geografiasac. Zalian

iSviaTia, rom avRaneli avRaneTis

yvela provinciaSi iyos namyofi,

Suqria ki araTu namyofi, TiTqmis

yvelgan namuSevaric aris. erT

dilas sastumros nomerSi axali

gaRviZebuli eleqtronul fostas

vamowmebdi. karze kakuni gaisma. gavaRe.

Cem win Suqria idga. im dRes

misi morigeoba ar iyo da amitomac

SeTanxmebulebi viyaviT, 12 saaTis-

Tvis bamianis provinciaSi unda wavsuliyaviT.

Suqrias gidoba unda

gaewia, me ki gadavuxdidi. jer aTic

ar iyo da vuTxari, _ cota adrea,

raRac saqmeebi maqvs-meTqi. rusulad

vsaubrobdiT. brwyinvaled laparakobda

rusul enaze. vici, ubralod

raRac unda gaCvenoo. oTaxSi

Semovida. xelSi patara CanTa eWira,


Cayo xeli da wiTeli maisuri amoi-

Ro, gaSala, da tanze miido, TiTqos

izomavso. maisurs warwera hqonda

FUCK ME TENDER. ra Tqma unda, zustad

im azrebma gamielves TavSi, ramac

Tqven am wuTas, magram rogorc

ki amas Suqriac mixvda, saswrafod

amixsna, Tu ratom maCvena es maisuri.

da maSin naTeli gaxda, Tu ratom

aris axalgazrda avRanel gogonebSi

aseTi popularuli induri warmoebis

mwvaneZiriani Savi fexsacmeli.

mTeli datvirTva mwvane ZirSia.

mwvane Ziri aris paroli, kodi, karis

gasaRebi. Tu gogos unda seqsi,

ubralod seqsi vinmesTan, ucnob-

Tan, is icvams mwvaneZirian Sav fexsacmels

da gadis quCaSi. dadis iseT

adgilebSi, sadac xalxmravlobaa,

sadac mravlad arian axalgazrda

biWebi, romlebmac, aseve, daaxloebiT

aTidan orma icis, rom mwvane

Ziri aris paroli, gasaRebi misi

seqsualuri cxovrebis gasamdidreblad.

rodesac biWi da gogo erTmaneTs

SeamCneven, nel-nela eclebian

xalxis masas, gogo midis, biWi ki

ukan mihyveba, erTi 30 metris moSorebiT.

mere ki, darwmunebuli var,

giJuri seqsi aqvT, Tavisi fantaziebis

gaRviZebiT da rTuli triukebis

SesrulebiT. maxsovs, sami-oTxi

wlis win miSa anTaZem momiyva msgavsi

ambavi, oRond ar maxsovs avRaneTze

iyo Tu iranze. ro Camovedi

da es ambavi movyevi, salome kikaleiSvilma

miTxra, _ egeTi rame sadRac

kinoSi maqvs nanaxio; kinoSi ki

ara, Cemi TvaliT vnaxe-meTqi.

seqs-kodi xSir-xSirad icvleba. es

SeiZleba iyos yviTeli mzis saTvale

an wiTeli xelCanTa cisferi koplebiT.

mTavaria iyos qalis aqsesuari

an samosi da iyos gaTvaliswinebuli

avRanuri dres-kodi. axali seqs-kodis

SerCeva advilia, rTulia kodis

andergraundul qselSi gavrceleba.

aq Zalian didi sifrTxile marTebT

axalgazrda mondomebul qal-vaJebs

_ maT or frontze ebrZvian _ tradiciuli

avRanelebi da islamuri

policia. oficialurad, islamuri

policiis saqme ar aris, vin visTan

dawveba da rogor pozaSi, magram saqme

isaa, rom islamur policiaSi ZiriTadad

iseTi adamianebi muSaoben,

romlebic avRanuri tradiciebis

da islamuri kanonebis upativcemulobas

aravis patioben. maT ar aqvT

ufleba, daakavon faqtze daWerili

axalgazrdebi da amitomac ukanonod

uswordebian, scemen, zogjer

klaven kidec (SemoakvdebaT) da rac

yvelaze saSinelebaa (sikvdilze metadac

ki), yofila SemTxvevebi, rom

ukanonod dakavebuli axalgazrdebi

radikali TalibebisTvis gadauciaT,

maT ki msxverpli sajarod

dausjiaT stadionze, fexburTis

matCis dawyebamde aTasobiT mayureblis

winaSe.

Talibebi qveynis teritoriis

udides nawils akontroleben, amitomac

maTi gavlena avRanelebze

didia. didia aseve SiSi, rac aisaxeba

adamianebis Tundac Cacmulobaze.

avRaneTis kanonmdebloba iranuliviT

ar avaldebulebs qalebs tradiciuli

samosis _ burkis tarebas,

magram avRaneli qalebis (gansaku-

TrebiT saSualo da ufrosi Taobis)

umetesoba mainc atarebs burkas.

veravin ityvis xelaRebiT, rom am

qalebis didi nawili SiSis gamo atarebs

burkas, maTSi morwmune fundamentalistebic

arian, magram sakmaod

didi nawili swored SiSis gamo

icvams avRanur samoss. avRanel qalebSi

(da kacebSic) gabatonebuli

SiSi ar aris abstraqtuli da utrirebuli

_ maT sakuTari TvaliT

unaxavT, Tu rogor uswordebian

Talibebi dasavluri orientaciis

qalebs, romlebic sakmaod popularulebi

iyvnen avRaneTSi, muSaobdnen

televiziebSi, radioebSi da a.S.

Talibebis muqaris mudmivi obieqtia

TOLO TV, romelic avRaneTSi

yvelaze popularuli telearxia

axalgazrdebs Soris. am arxze xSirad

atrialeben dasavlur kinos da

musikas. amitomac, TOLO TV simamacis

erTgvar sazomad iqca _ Tu qali

xar da TOLO TV-Si muSaob, ese igi

arafris geSinia.

TOLO TV-Si ori wlis win Suqriac

dokumenturi proza

muSaobda. iqac damlageblad. arada,

Zalian undoda rame musikaluri gadacemis

wamyvani yofiliyo, gamxdariyo

popularuli, mere amerikis

an romelime evropuli qveynis viza

advilad aeRo da saswavleblad wasuliyo,

magram avRaneTi amerika ar

aris, didi SesaZleblobebis qveyana,

rom damlagebeli gogo telewamyvani

gaxdeso, _ miTxra Suqriam.

avRaneTi marTlac ar aris didi SesaZleblobebis

qveyana da yvelaze

cudi isaa, rom avRaneTSi yvelaze

cudad avRanelebi grZnoben Tavs.

avRaneTis mosaxleobis didi nawili,

rac unda paradoqsuli iyos, Tu

ar mistiris, sixaruliT ixsenebs im

dros, rodesac sabWoTa jarma moaxdina

qveynis okupacia. avRanelebi

ixseneben, rom im wlebSi bevri sacxovrebeli

korpusi aSenda, egreT

wodebuli kulturis saxlebi, rogorebic

saqarTvelos sxvadasxva

regionebSi uxvad aris (am wuTas

abaSis kulturis saxli maxsendeba),

aSenebdnen qarxnebs, fabrikebs,

eleqtrosadgurebs da a.S. erTi sityviT,

avRanelebi iseve daabrmaves

komunistebma `ufaso cxovrebiT~,

rogorc Cven da dResac maT urCevniaT

Tevzis Weris swavlas, pirdapir

Tevzi miscen. Cemi Zvirfasi

Suqriac ki, romelic avRanuri sazogadoebis

fonze namdvili gamonaTebaa,

romelsac sakmaod jansaRi

azrovneba aqvs, da romelsac arc

ki axsovs sabWoTa okupaciis wlebi,

mSoblebisgan gagonil ambebs

da dRevandel realobas erTmaneTs

rom adarebs, daufiqreblad ambobs,

rom is dro urCevnia. ratom akeTeben

am or erTmaneTze uares epoqas

Soris arCevans sabWoTa okupaciis

xanaze, rTuli gasagebia. amisaTvis

saWiroa, icxovro avRaneTSi, oRond

icxovro, rogorc rigiTma avRanelma

da ara rogorc Casulma enjeoSnikma,

an narkobaronma, romlebic

Zalian bevrni arian avRaneTSi.

araoficialuri monacemebiT,

saerTaSoriso organizaciebisgan

avRaneTis ganviTarebisTvis gamoyofili

Tanxis didi nawili ucxoe-

cxeli Sokoladi 77


dokumenturi proza

lebis xelfasebs da maTi ofisebis

keTilmowyobasa da usafrTxoebas

xmardeba. danarCeni Tanxa ki nawildeba

saganmanaTleblo programis

ganviTarebaze, humanitarul daxmarebasa

da narkotikebTan brZolaze.

narkotikebTan brZolaSi Tamamad

SeiZleba iTqvas, rom avRaneTi wagebulia

_ 2002 wlamde, anu vidre

koaliciuri jarebi avRaneTSi Sevidodnen,

avRanuri heroini msoflio

bazris 15 procentsac ki ar Seadgenda,

2008 wlis bolo da 2009 wlis

pirveli dekadis monacemebiT ki,

heroinis msoflio bazris 93 procents

avRanuri heroini warmoadgens.

am 93 procentidan 70 procentis

warmoeba pakistanis sazRvarTan

mdebare regionebSi xdeba da am 70

procentidan 50-is _ gelmandis

provinciaSi. Tavad gansajeT, Tu

raoden didi zrda moxda am eqvsi

wlis ganmavlobaSi da am uzarmazari

nabijebiT ufskrulisken svlas

Tavisi obieqturi mizezebi aqvs.

im dros, rodesac dasavleTidan

avRaneTis miyruebul provinciaSi

Casuli trenerebi adgilobrivebs

dasavlur faseulobebze leqciebs

ukiTxaven, sakuTari uflebebis

dacvas aswavlian da momavlis mowyobaSi

`exmarebian~, avRanelebs

ubralod SiaT da wyuriaT. rodesac

es trenerebi TveSi oTxi treningis

CatarebaSi 5000 dolars

(savaraudod) iReben da avRanelebs

ki, ubralod, isev SiaT da wyuriaT,

da xvdebian, rom am `gakveTilebma~

SeiZleba rame sikeTe marTlac

moutanos maT oRond axla ara; da

xvdebian, rom treningis dasrulebis

Semdeg saxlSi mSieri Svilebi

daxvdebaT, romelTac ukve soioc

ki aRar aqvT, maT erTaderTi gza

rCebaT _ opiumis moyvana, an ki isev

treningebze siaruli da momavlis

da humanitaruli daxmarebis imedi.

aseT mdgomareobaSia avRaneTis mosaxleobis

udidesi nawili. sauke-

Tesod aris aRwerili avRanelebis

cxovreba NGC-is dokumenturi filmebis

seriaSi `heroinis omi~ (heroin

war). filmSi TvalnaTliv Cans, rom

78 cxeli Sokoladi

patiosan avRanelebs, romlebsac ar

undaT opiumis moyvana, moparva, maqinacioba,

perspeqtiva ar aqvT. yovel

SemTxvevaSi, me ase davinaxe da

albaT seriis avtorsac amis Cveneba

undoda. naxeT da darwmundebiT.

amgvari viTarebis gamo, ra gasakviria,

rom Suqriasac da sxva

bevr avRanelsac urCevnia amerikelebma

(da sxvebmac) maT fuli

miscen da ara fulis keTeba aswavlon,

romelic, SesaZloa, aRarc

dasWirdeT. isic sagulisxmoa, rom

mTlad fulis keTebas rodi aswavlian

avRanelebs (arada, maT swored

fuli sWirdebaT). Suqriam erTi

genialuri ambavi miambo: panjSeris

provinciis erT-erT qalaqSi ucxoelma

damkvirveblebma aRmoaCines,

rom qalebSi suicidis mcdeloba

da TviTmkvlelobiT dasrulebuli

sicocxle bolo erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi

aRemateboda mTeli gasuli

aTwleulis statistikur monacemebs.

bolo erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi am

qalaqSi daaxloebiT (zustad ar maxsovs)

50-mde TviTmkvleloba dafiqsirda

da ormocdaaTive msxverpli

qali iyo. kvlevis Sedegad aRmoCnda,

rom suicidis talRis agorebamde

ramdenime TviT adre qalTa

organizacias treningi Cautarebia

Temaze `qalTa uflebebi ojaxSi~.

TavisTavad, trenerebi avRanel qalebs

aswavlidnen da uxsnidnen, rom

qali kacis Tanasworuflebiania da

sakmaod safuZvlianadac aaTvisebines

avRanel qalebs, rom ar unda

moixaron qedi qmris winaSe, ar unda

hqondeT recxvisgan kani damskdari

da msgavsi dasavluri Zvirfaseulobebi.

rogorc Cans, avRaneli

qalebi Zalian kargi moswavleebi

yofilan, imitom rom treningis

dasrulebis Semdeg uamravma avRanelma

qalma uari Tqva imis keTebaze,

rac `tradiciulad~ avRaneli

qalis saqmes warmoadgens. bevr ojaxSi

amas mohyva qmrebis sastiki reaqcia,

zogjer mkvlelobac ki, magram

amavdroulad isic aRmoCnda, rom

avRaneli meojaxe mamakacebis didi

nawili (yovel SemTxvevaSi, am re-

gionSi) damyoli, gamgoni, lmobieri

da gonebanaTelia _ roca moismines

meuRleebisgan, rom aseTi jafa

maTTvis Seuracxmyofelia, ar gauprotestebiaT.

magram sabolood

gairkva, rom gardacvlili qalebi

sworad am nabijma daRupa. wlebis

ganmavlobaSi erTi da imave saqmis

keTebis Semdeg maT gaacnobieres,

rom sxva ramis keTebac SeeZloT, SeeZloT

sakuTari siamovnebisTvisac

ecxovraT, ekeTebinaT is saqme, rac

maT Svebas mohgvrida... daskvnaSi

uamravi faqtoria moyvanili da am

yvela faqtoris gaerTianebiT gamodis,

rom am qalebma Tavi depresiis

niadagze moikles, depresia ki treningma

gamoiwvia.

treninggavlili adamianebi avRaneTSi

bevrni arian. ar gagikvirdeT,

Tu qabulSi, mdinare qabulis

Camyayebul arxSi adamianTa jgufi

dainaxeT, romlebic sruliad autanel

sunSi sxedan (arc vfiqrob, maT

Seuracxyofa mivayeno, ubralod,

iq marTlac saSineli sunia, radgan

mTeli kanalizacia iq Caedineba da,

garda amisa, 400000-ian qalaqSi 4

milioni adamiania ukve, aqedan Ti-

Tqmis 70 procents saxli ar aqvs

da mdinare qabuli tualetad aqvT

qceuli), purs da mwvads miirTmeven

da avRaneTis evro-atlantikur sivrceSi

integraciaze saubroben, an

ganixilaven recesiis gavlenas avRaneTis

agrarul industriaze.

aseTi ambebi kidev ufro amyarebs

da amarTlebs avRanelebis didi

nawilis arCevans, ufro sworad ki

nostalgias sabWoTa okupaciis epoqisadmi.

Suqrias mamas uTqvams Turme

erTi jariskacisTvis, _ rusebi

bombebs gvesrodnen da ise gvklavdnen,

Tqven ki SimSiliT gvklavTo.

saerTod, erTi ram SevniSne iq yofnis

dros, avRanelebi erTi da imave

ambavs orjer erTnairad ar mogiyvebian

_ yovelTvis axal-axali

gaformebebiT gadmogcemen, magram,

rac mTavaria, faqtebs arasodes

amaxinjeben _ Tu sadme ori adamiani

gardaicvala, veravisgan gaigonebT

rom samia daRupuli.


im dros, rodesac dasavleTidan avRaneTis miyruebul provinciaSi Casuli

trenerebi adgilobrivebs dasavlur faseulobebze leqciebs ukiTxaven,

sakuTari uflebebis dacvas aswavlian da momavlis mowyobaSi `exmarebian~,

avRanelebs ubralod SiaT da wyuriaT.

qabulis aeroporti rusebis (sabWoelebis)

aSenebulia, daaxloebiT igive

zomis rogoric Cveni (Tumca, Cveni aeroporti

bevrad ufro komfortuli

da lamazia). aeroports aqvs Tavisi

internet-kafe da restorani, romelic

yvelaze Zviri restorania mTel

avRaneTSi, amitomac iq ar Sevsulvar.

TviTmfrinavSi Casxdoma/Camosxdoma

isev trapis saSualebiT xdeba. aeroporti

or nawilad aris gayofili,

erTi nawili samoqalaqo reisebs emsaxureba,

meore _ samxedros. samxedro

nawilis Tavze gamudmebiT xedav nato-s

vertmfrens, romelic an jdeba

an frindeba. ganuwyvetliv moZraoben

samxedro, bronirebuli jipebi, didi

antenebiT da tyviamfrqvevebiT, rac

saSinlad ganerviulebs _ sul megona,

rom raRac xdeba, rom aeroports

Tavs daesxnen, an kidev uaresi, Talibebma

qabulic aiRes da es brge mokavSireebi

saxlebSi mirbian, me ki axla

davdgi qabulis miwaze fexi. Tumca,

rogorc ki aeroports moSordebi,

trasas daadgebi da yovel 200 metrSi

bilbordebs dainaxav, romelzec karzai

da bavSvebi/moxucebulebi arian

gamosaxulni, mSviddebi, anu SeiZleba

arc mSviddebi, magram is `militaristuli

qaosi~, romelic aeroportSi

naxe, gaviwydeba.

aeroportSi ukraineli enjeoSniki

da treneri elena banasi da misi indoeli

qmari niSok kalpaki damxvdnen.

esec enjeoSniki da Tan magari

qvelmoqmedi, romelic arafers ar

iSurebs avRaneli bavSvebisTvis.

isini oTxi wlis win kievSi gavicani,

ufro sworad elena aq, TbilisSi gavicani

xuTi wlis win da kievSi misi

qmari. sul aseT adgilebSi dadian,

palestinaSic raRac misiiT iyvnen,

eraySic da ra vici, sadac ki mexi gavardeba,

yvelgan Cadian da adgilobrivebs

exmarebian. niSokis winaprebi

mdidrebi arian, indoeTis yvela did

qalaqSi sastumroebis qseli aqvT.

elenam Tqva, _ londonSi da sidnei-

Sic aqvT raRac biznesebio. aRar CavZiebivar,

ra da rogor, mTavari iyo,

ro gavige _ niSoks bevri fuli aqvs,

romelsac cota sxvanairad da sxvebisTvis

xarjavs.

elena da niSoki avRaneTSi, ukve

rva Tvea, cxovroben da cxovroben

TiTqmis naRdi avRanelebiviT, qabulis

Raribul ubanSi, Raribul saxl-

dokumenturi proza

Si oRond komfortulad. aqvT magari

generatori, romlis wyalobiTac

or avRanur ojaxs eleqtroenergiiT

amarageben, satelituri antena da

telefonebi, da aqvT toiota korola,

romelic yvelaze popularuli

manqanaa avRaneTSi. sworad am korolaSi

visxediT samive da aeroportidan

sastumrosken mivdiodiT. Cven

win aseve toiotas markis manqana midioda,

oRond jipi, gawkrialebuli,

sxvanairi nomriT da amerikis dro-

SiT. saubar-saubarSi am toiotas daaxloebiT

or metrze mivuaxlovdiT.

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 111

cxeli Sokoladi 79


isaqarTvelo

80 cxeli Sokoladi

paata qurdaZe

jvarcma. teqnikuri personali da dekoracia

www.paatakourdadze.blogspot.com

Je suis témoin, je suis le seul témoin de moi-même.

Antonen Artaud

me mowme var, me erTaderTi mowme var sakuTari Tavis.

antonen arto

skami _ lursmnebi. sent-etienis vagzali. dekoratori fransua boSe.

ramdenime wlis win Cemma Svidi wlis Svilma, Tinam rveulis furcelze golgoTas gza daxata.

naxatze iesosa da am siuJetis klasikuri personaJebis garda, marcxniv kadridan TiTqmis gasuli

mosiarule adamianis fragmenti Canda _ misi sxeulis mcire nawili, fexi, da siarulisas ukan

darCenili marcxena xeli, romelSic raRac Cxirebi eWira.

Cem kiTxvaze, Tu ra eWira am kacs xelSi, mipasuxa , _ `batons xelSi lursmnebi uWiravs, da golgoTaze

miaqvs~.

es naxati misi ucnobi personaJiviT sadRac gaqra. magram man Cemze STabeWdileba moaxdina,

mis mixedviT moTxrobac davwere, sadac laparaki iyo lursmnebze, rogorc Cveni civilizaciis

konstruqciis mdgradobis mniSvnelovan komponentze.

1.

adre arasodes mifiqria: faqtia, viRacam lursmnebi gamoWeda, viRacam wamoiRo.

Cven mxolod maT Sesaxeb gvaqvs mcire warmodgena, vinc am lursmnebiT ieso jvarze daaWeda _

viciT, rom isini jalaTebi iyvnen. Tumca maT Sesaxeb arc erT saxarebaSi ar aris raime naTqvami.

es mxolod sxvadasxva epoqis naxatebsa da speqtaklebSi nanaxi scenebis Cvenive fragmentuli

warmosaxvis nayofia.


principSi, profesionali jalaTi, rogorc personaJi, arc ise sainteresoa. viciT, rom isini

arasodes aravis uyvarda, zizRiani mzerebis garemocvaSi cxovreba da sikvdilis industriaSi

Sroma maTive arCevani iyo. tradiciulad _ Tavze SavCaCCamofarebul jalaTebs mxolod franc

kafkam misca `adamianuri~ saxe erTxel: Tavis `sasjelaRsrulebis koloniaSi~.

TviT iesos jalaTebis `anonimurobac~ ki daculia _ isini ignorirebulni arian oTxive mociqulis

mier.

gacilebiT sainteresoni arian pirovnebebi, romlebic sikvdiliT dasjas teqnikurad uzrunvelyofen.

isini xSirad, varaudis sawinaaRmdegod, sruliad dadebiTi pirovnebebi aRmoCndebian

xolme. magaliTad eqimi, polotikosi da cnobili humanisti Jozef inias giliotini (Joseph

Ignace Guillotin 1738_1814).

es gvari, or saukuneze metia, sikvdilis meqanikur manqanasTan, giliotinasTan asocirdeba, da

warmoTqmisas SiSis Jruantels iwvevs. sinamdvileSi sikvdilis es dazga jer kidec XVI saukune-

Si arsebobda. eqims araferi ar mougonia. man mxolod bevri ibrZola imisaTvis, rom sikvdiliT

dasjis barbarosuli meTodebi humanuriT Seecvala; garda amisa, sikvdilmisjilTa uflebebi

Tanabari gamxdariyo. 1791 wels eqimis xangrZlivi mcdelobis Sedegad kanoni miiRes da giliotina

pirvelad gamoiyenes Cveulebrivi qurdis, vinme lui miSel lepeletielis Tavis mosakve-

Tad.

manamde sikvdiliT dasjis mravalnairi meTodi arsebobda safrangeTSi: aristokratebs

xmliT aclidnen Tavs, aznaurebs najaxiT, mefis sicocxlis xelmyofT cxenebze gamobmuls

`oTxSi amoRebulT~ fleTdnen, qurdebs da mkvlelebs ki ubralod saxrCobelaze kidebdnen an

borbalze akravdnen, rom jalaTs rkinis ketiT misTvis yvela Zvali saTiTaod daemtvria.

Raribebs, ra Tqma unda, ar hqondaT saSualeba, swrafi da `xarisxiani~ sikvdilis sanacvlod,

jalaTisaTvis fuli gadaexadaT. amitom maTi dasjis dros najaxi xan kargad ar iyo galesili,

xan mizans cotaTi scdeboda, xan kidev borbalze gakruls marTlac nel tempSi amtvrevda jalaTi

yvela wvril Zvals, radgan rkinis xelketiT pirdapir TavSi erTi dartymiT sicocxles-

Tan gamosalmeba fuli Rirda, romelic sikvdilmisjils ar gaaCnda....

parlamentari da eqimi Jozef giliotini sikvdilis arCevanSi gansxvavebas socialur usamarTlobad

miiCnevda. misi azriT, teqnologiurad da humanitarulad srulyofili sasjelis

umaRlesi zomis saerTo meTodis SemoReba pirveli nabiji unda gamxdariyo sikvdiliT dasjis

gauqmebis, aboliciis gzaze, romlis gavlas kacobriobis civilizebulma nawilma mainc giliotinis

dakanonebis Semdeg TiTqmis 200 weliwadi moandoma.

didi revoluciuri teroris wlebSi dapatimrebuli giliotini cixidan mxolod mas Semdeg

gamouSves, rac misive jalaTi maqsimilian robespieri „giliotinirebuli~ iqna revoluciis

(konkordis) moedanze. swored es zmna (guillotiner) damkvidrda frangul enaSi sikvdiliT dasjis

sinonimad sabralo eqimisa da humanistis survilis sawinaaRmdegod.

Jozef giliotini cixis Semdeg politikas aRar gahkarebia. darCenili sicocxle medicinas

miuZRvna, is ibrZoda Cutyvavilas winaaRmdeg sayovelTao acrebisaTvis, iyo erT-erTi pirveli,

vinc Seqmna sazogadoebrivi janmrTelobis programa, daaarsa safrangeTis pirveli eqimTa

asosiacia, romelic dRes safrangeTis medicinis akademiaa... mTeli cxovreba uSedegod cdilobda

am sikvdilis manqanisaTvis saxeli gamoecvalaT. araferi gamouvida, mas Semdegac ki, rac

safrangeTSi giliotina 1977 wels ukanasknelad gamoiyenes, didi humanistis gvari mainc saSinelebis

sinonimad darCa.

eqimi giliotinis sevdiani istoria SesaniSnavi magaliTia, Tu rogor SeiZleba humanitaruli

brZola barbarosobad da sadizmad moinaTlos da adamianebis keTildReobisaTvis gaweuli

didi amagis miuxedavad, aswleulebis manZilze Seni saxeli mxolod zizRs iwvevdes. riskis Tavze

aReba namdvili humanistebis xvedria. radgan isini ZiriTadad moRvaweoben sistemaSi, romelsac

adamianur sisastikis sistemas davarqmevdi. Tumca mas politikur enaze adamianuri samarTali

(justise) hqvia da is iseTive Zvelia, rogorc samyaro. es sistema, rogorc wesi, ara marto

adamianebze, TviT ufalze maRla dgas. swored am sistemis msxverpli gaxda iesoc.

isaqarTvelo

cxeli Sokoladi 81


isaqarTvelo

82 cxeli Sokoladi

sabednierod, sisastikis sistemas Tavisi rCeuli `marginalebi~, Tavisi humanistebi hyavs, ise-

ve, rogorc daundobeli sadisti jalaTebi. magram, rogorc ukve aRvniSne, adamianTa am kategorias

gansazRvruli da dadgenili roli aqvs mikuTvnebuli sazogadoebis istoriis TeatrSi.

aris sisastikis sistemaSi monawileTa kidev erTi kategoria, romelic, Cemi azriT, bevrad

ufro sainteresoa Tavisi mistikuri funqciis gamo. me mxedvelobaSi myavs enTuziastebi, romlebic

yvelgan gvxvdebian, sadac raime mniSvnelovani xdeba.

isini uceb, moulodnelad, TavianTi lursmnebiT xelSi, saidanRac aRmocendebian xolme

brboSi. procesis raRac Sualedur mosamzadebel monakveTSi yvelaze wina planze garbian da

gamorbian, bevrs qoTqoTeben, fusfuseben, adamianebs aqeT-iqiT sweven, yvelaze gadamwyvet momentSi,

daWedebisas, CaquCis moqnevis win ki sadRac qrebian. saidan, an rodis modian an sad midian,

aravin icis. maT arc saxe aqvT, arc raime gansakuTrebuli niSani, rom daimaxsovro.

isini iq iyvnen, rodesac aqilevsma agamemnonis dasaxiCrebuli gvami cxenze gamobmuli mia-

Tria sakuTar banakSi, maSinac, rodesac CauSeskusa da misi cols dasaxvretad `asamarTlebdnen~

1989 wlis Sobis dRes, rodesac qabulis fexburTis stadionze Talibebi sabralo qalebs rozgavdnen

, rodesac didi kulturuli revoluciis dros pekinSi saxalxo tribunalebs awyobdnen,

rodesac italiuri daumorCileblobis wevrebma daxvretili benito musolinisa da misi

sayvarlis klara petaCis gvamebi ganTavisuflebuli milanis erT-erT moedanze fexebiT dakidebuli

gamofines...

me melursmneebi pirvelad 1989 wels TbilisSi leninis Zeglis Camogdebisas SevamCnie: jer

amweebis garSemo fusfusebdnen, mere iliCs lajebSua cecxli SeunTes, TiTqos brinjaos yverebis

gasaTbobad, mere sadRac gaqrnen. xalxis Tavdauzogavi garjis Sedegad Zeglis Camogdebis

Semdeg ki isev davinaxe: motexil da Zirs gagorebul leninis Tavs fexebs da joxebs urtyamdnen

gametebiT da mxiarulad iginebodnen…

es adamian-fantomebi TiTqos sikvdils damalobanas eTamaSebian da rodesac celmomarjvebul

Sav angelozs pirispir SeeCexebian, TavianTi sabralo aqtiurobiT mis gulis mogebas cdiloben

da gamosdiT kidec. maT droSi xetiali uyvarT, xan romel epoqaSi amoyofen Tavs da xan

romelSi. sxvadasxva epoqidan xan ras gamoayoleben xolme xels da xan ras: virusebs, briyvul

Cvevebs, modas... amitom xSirad istoria, personaJebi, adamianebis paranoia meordeba.

me marTla gamiCnda iseTi grZnoba, TiTqos Cemi Svilis daxatul mamakacis fragments, romelsac

golgoTaze iesosaTvis lursmnebi miaqvs, sadRac Sevxvedrivar; ufro metic, rom mas gamudmebiT

vxvdebi Cemi cxovrebis sxvadasxva etapze, sxvadasxva qalaqSi, droSi, konteqstSi.

2.

1972 wels, 13 wlis asakSi CemSi, iseve rogorc Cemi Taobis bevr TbiliselSi, roki da ieso er-

Tdroulad Semovidnen.

Cemi azriT, veberis cnobil rok operas maSindel represirebul da uflebaayril qarTul

marTlmadideblur eklesiaze aranaklebi damsaxureba aqvs saqarTvelos xelaxla `gaqristianebaSi~.

maSin saqarTveloSi wesierad aravin icoda gansxvaveba qristianul konfesiebs Soris. amas

arc eklesia iTxovda: mTavari iyo, rom rogorRac qriste gaxseneboda xalxs.

sulebze nadirobis azarti mogvianebiT 80-ian wlebSi gaCnda _ rogorc ki mrevlma SesamCnevad

moimata da sasuliero koniunqtura Camoyalibda.

90-ian wlebamde saqarTvelo sekularul qristianul qveynad darCa Cem maxsovrobaSi.

adesis motkbo sunian 70-ianebSi ufrosebisaTvis marTlmadidebloba weliwadSi erTxel

aRdgomis dRes sasaflaoebze qeifi da danTebuli sanTeli iyo, CemTvis ki, cxadia _ wiTeli

kvercxebi da cxeli Taflis suni, romliTac sanTlebis CamoqnaSi bebiaCems vexmarebodi yoveli

aRdgomis win: ratomRac eklesiaSi nayid sanTels ar endoboda, ambobda, _ namdvili sanTeli Taflisgan

mzaddebao. ai, sul es iyo... da sxva TiTqmis araferi.


Cemi da Cemi megobrebis mSoblebi _ represirebulni, represirebulTa Svilebi, Tavad yofili

jalaTebi, an jalaTTa Svilebi iyvnen, isini SiSSi da siZulvilSi daibadnen: mJavanaZis korumpirebuli

60-iani wlebi swored siZulvilidan gamosvlis mcdelobis kompromisuli wlebi iyo,

romelmac sayovelTao korufcia da totaluri sulieri konformizmi aswavla qarTvelebs _

SeuZlebeli iyo aseT gamudmebul mtanjvel autanel siZulvilSi, amxela boRmaSi cxovreba,

rac 20, 30, 40 da 50-iani wlebis represiebma da ideologiurma garyvnilebam moitana.

nebismieri gza, romelsac am koSmaris dasasrulisken SeeZlo waeyvana xalxi, misaRebi iyo.

saqarTvelom es gza ruseTze adre ipova _ sayovelTao konformizmSi ganbanvis, siZulvilidan

ganTavisuflebis mcdelobis 60-iani wlebi. neilonis epoqa, romelSic jalaTebi da msxverplni

erTnairad groteskulni gaxdnen. daqorwindnen, saerTo ojaxebi Seqmnes, erTad Seecadnen qeifiT

daeviwyebinaT is, risi mtanjveli maxsovroba sicocxleSi xels uSlidaT, erTad SeTxzes

dRes arsebuli qarTuli briyvuli sadRegrZeloebis udidesi nawili, romelmac garkveulwilad

saqarTvelos axali istoria msubuqad gadaiyvana sxva, SedarebiT ufro moqnil orbitaze,

romelic dRemde iq darCa. radgan es istoria aRaravis ainteresebs. masze aravin muSaobs.

me maTi kargad mesmis. isini gmirebi ar iyvnen, da arc undodaT yofiliyvnen. gmirebi Tu

dasWirdebodaT, yovel nabijze ramdenic gnebavT, imdeni hyavdaT, omis, Sromis, CrdiloeTi

polusis, Sua aziis, kosmosis, maRaroebis da aTasi sxva... es mxolod sabralo, ganadgurebuli

Taoba iyo, romelmac Tavi aiZula daejerebina, rom cxovreba ase Tu ise mSvenieria...cotaTi uke-

Tesi, vidre maTi mSoblebisa gulagSi. aRaravis undoda, scodnoda, ra iyo adre realurad. da

maT erTad SeTxzes es „adre~.

Semdeg 70-ianebi movida, Cemi Taoba. Cven ukve siZulvilis SviliSvilebi viyaviT: jalaTebisa

da maTive msxverplTa konformizmis nayofi. Cveni roli, anu, rogorc mogvianebiT davarqviT,

misia, am mRvrie wylis Tu Saqriani Rvinis gafiltvra-dawmenda iyo. mcdeloba mainc…

mTeli es periodi, Cemi `eklesia~ plexanovze. Cemi, 23-e skolidan or nabijSi iyo gorkis klubi.

mis parkSi Cven WuWyian Tovlis qvasaviT gundebs kantikuntad Semosul gogonebs, an erTmaneTs

vesrodiT. gayinuli wiTeli sveli TiTebiT nestian sigaret `luqss~ uimedod vsresdiT,

bevrs veweodiT da vlaybobdiT, kasius kleize, rokze, seqsze, veberis operaze, iesoze da misi

partiis Semsrulebel ian gilanze...

>

>> gagrZeleba gv. 112

isaqarTvelo

cxeli Sokoladi 83


isaqarTvelo

84 cxeli Sokoladi

giorgi kalatoziSvili

kvazimoda

„morigi qarTuli nagvis suni mcems“! _ cenzurisa da zedmeti Selamazebis

gareSe, erT-erTma mayurebelma swored am sityvebiT moaxdina giga

aglaZis filmis „gogona slaididan“ premieris prognozireba. piradad me

kinoSi (da arc mis gareT) msgavsi araferi migrZvnia. erTaderTi, rac vigrZeni,

isic mwuxarebiT, reJisoris marcxis suni iyo, magram droze adre

mainc ar mimitovebia fskerisaken mimavali gemi.

simarTle iTqvas, nagavzec SeiZleba iyos moTxovna; miT ufro Tu artefaqtis

saxiT amis uamravi magaliTi gvaqvs da am xelobis uamravi mimdevari

gvyavs. nagavze fasic Sesabamisi unda iyos. ra Tqma unda, faswarmoqmnasa da

Rirebulebis aRqmas is samomxmareblo bazari unda aregulirebdes, romelic

giga aglaZis Semoqmedebis mimarT maincdamainc keTilganwyobili ar

momeCvena. reJisoris advokatirebas ar vapireb, magram arc misi Semoqmedebis

usafuZvlo lanZRva mimaCnia mizanSewonili. swori iqneba Tu films

„gogona slaididan“ mayureblis komentarze dayrdnobiT gavarCevT da

ase mainc davicavT neitralitets, obieqturobas, romelsac, rogorc wesi,

moiTxoven Cvengan reJisorebi.

minda:

rame magari ra...

ZarRviani....

www.shokoladi.ge


naRvliani...

sevdiani....

guliani....

cecxlsasroli...

dardiani...

realuri...

kardinaluri...

radikalur-socialuri!

(momTxovni: forum.ge)

megobrebo, aseT formulas qarTul kinoSi aravin iyenebs. am xatovani

sityvebis karnaxiT aravin qmnis filmebs. ratom? imitom, rom sityvaTa

wyoba „socialuri dakveTa“ cud asociacias tovebs da postsabWoTa memkvidreobad

aRiqmeba. arc giga aglaZem Seasrula socialuri dakveTa.

samagierod, misi filmi „gogona slaididan“ asprocentiani pleismenTia

da ama Tu im brendTan komerciulad gaTvlili garigeba. amis wyalobiT,

aglaZem saqarTveloSi yvelaze ZviradRirebuli sareklamo filmi gadai-

Ro, romelSic samodelo saagento „slaidis“ (sxvaTa Soris, giga agla-

Zis meuRlis samodelo saagento) gogonebi konkretuli markis manqanis

prezentacias awyoben; avtoavariis SemTxvevaSi aucileblad gaigebT romel

sadazRvevo kompaniaSi unda daazRvioT manqana; romelma dizainerma

unda CagacvaT imisaTvis, rom sazogadoebis naRebisa da eliturobis

konteqstidan ar amovardeT; gaigebT, romel fotografTan unda gaiaroT

fotosesia da kidev uamrav yofiT detalsa da reklamas mohkravT Tvals.

filmis „gogona slaididan“ reJisorma saaTnaxevrian CarCoSi moaqcia is

informacia, romelsac „yviTeli furclebi“ sqeltaniani gamocemebiT

gvTavazobs.

sad aris aq kinos adgili? ra Tqma unda, gadasaReb moedanze. sad mTavrdeba

kino? samwuxarod iqve. saaTnaxevris ganmavlobaSi kinoekranze,

24 kinokadris nacvlad, mxolod im subliminalur xerxsa da 25 kadrs

vxedavT, romelic mayureblis cnobierebaze Zaladobas axdens da qvecnobierSi

reklamisadmi madis aRZvras emsaxureba. giga aglaZeSi klipurma

cnobierebam sZlia kinematografiuls. `gogona slaididan~ marTlac

klips gagonebs, romelSic gemovnebiani kostiumebi da makiaJi reJisuris

nakls faravs. am usaxur filmSi yvelas Tavisi saxe (da saxeli) aqvs. zura

yifSiZe, nanuka xazaraZe, kristi yifSiZe, naTia maqacaria, merab sanoZe,

avTandil cqvitiniZe, jiji rejini da sxva mravali filmSi sakuTar Tavs

ganasaxiereben, ris gamoc xSiria imis gancda, rom kinoekranze Jurnali

„saxe(l)ebi“-s ekranizacias gvTavazoben. Jurnalis ekranizaciis Sesaxeb

Tu gsmeniaT rame? arc me da arc im mayurebels, romlis (da)ukmayofileba

aisbergs hgavs (rac zedapirze Cans, ori imdeni siRmeSi imaleba) da romelsac

aglaZis gemi „gogona slaididan“, gabaritebiT _ 90 60 90 ukve Seejaxa!

„tutsi“ Tu tutuci?

(mkiTxavi: forum.ge)

filmis „gogona slaididan“ gadaRebis dros xSiri iyo „tutsi“-ze

apelireba. xSirad imasac axsenebdnen, rom mTavari rolis Semsrulebeli

zaza beJaSvili raRaciT hgavs dastin hofmans. modiT, msgavsebas ar

SevexoT, Torem sxvaobis garCeva sakmaod mtkivneuli aRmoCndeba rogorc

zaza beJaSvilisTvis, ise „slaidis“ reJisorisTvisac. „tutsi“,

isaqarTvelo

cxeli Sokoladi 85


isaqarTvelo

86 cxeli Sokoladi

albaT, is orientiri unda yofiliyo, romlis mixedviT gadaiRebdnen

komediur melodramas, sxvagvarad rom vTqvaT _ filmis qarTul rimeiqs.

keTilSobili mizania, cuds verafers ityvi. mTavari ki mainc is

aris, Tu ra resursiT apirebdnen am miznis miRwevas. aRmoCnda, rom sakmaod

mwiri resursiT _ ramdenime modeli da zaza beJaSvili, romelic

„raRaciT“ hgavs dastin hofmans, qmnian filmis safuZvelsa da meryev

sayrdens...

„tutsis“ Sinaarsi kargad maxsovs. araCveulebrivi siuJeti aqvs, kargi

dinamika, samsaxiobo dasi da reJisura. dastin hofmani msaxiobia, romelic

kastingebze marcxs ganicdis da imedgacruebuli wyvets kinobiznesSi

sxva gziT SeRwevas. zaza beJaSvili igive nabijs dgams oRond

modeli gogos gulSi SesaRwevad. amisaTvis kinopersonaJi zuzu qalis

tansacmelsa da maRalquslian fexsacmels irgebs, magram am klounadis

ukan mamakaci mainc ioli amosacnobia. mainc riT ver moxibla zuzum

naTia axvlediani, Zalian lamazi da momxibvleli modeli, romelic Se-

TavsebiT arqiteqtoric yofila? zuzu inkognito mas ZviradRirebul

kabebsa da yelsabams ugzavnis, mTel Tbiliss aWrelebs naTias bilbordebiT,

uamrav fuls xarjavs modelis gulis mosagebad... zuzum naTias

yuradReba miipyro, simpaTia ki ver daimsaxura. ratom? odesme Tu SegxvedriaT

adamiani, visTvisac raodenoba xarisxis sinonimia? Tu ginaxavT

adamiani, romelic morTmeul Sokolads misi Rirebulebis aRmniSvnel

Ceksac Tan ayolebs (albaT imisaTvis, rom ufro tkbilad miirTvaT)?

zuzu originalurobiT ar gamoirCeva; metic, filmis posterze calsaxad

amoikiTxavT mis daxasiaTebas _ „zuzus bevri fuli aqvs da bevri

gogo hyavs, magram im erTaderTma mas yvelaferi Seucvala!.. raa?! Zalian

sasacilo komedia~.

es ukanaskneli fraza films gvixasiaTebs, rogorc romantikul kinokomedias.

mniSvnelovania, rom „slaidSi“ Canan miSa andRulaZe da vaso

fxakaZe iumorinas SesaSuri Hi-klasis xumrobiT. imedia, am kritikuli

remarkiT Tavs ar avatkiebT, Torem, veWvob, isev analginis gareSe iqnebian...

gamosavali mxolod erTi aqvT _ autkiebel Tavs nu aitkieben. kino-

Si „kamedi Sous“ sketCebiT nu gvakvirveben; giga aglaZis films erT did

kinoanekdotad nu aqceven!

rac Seexeba giga aglaZes, reJisorma sareklamo filmSi „gogona slaididan“

modebis samWedlo aRbeWda. es is sivrcea da maWanklobis instituti,

romelSic mdidari mamakacebisaTvis lamaz sacoleebs „Wedaven“. nebismier

qveyanaSi samodelo biznesi mdidar da fulian mamakacebs lamazi

gogonebis eqsports sTavazobs. aglaZis samaWanklo „slaidi“ nawilobriv

am stereotipis damsxvrevasa da ukugdebas cdilobs, rodesac lamazmani

naTia mdidar zuzus ar ikarebs, saCuqrebs ki siamovnebiT iRebs... ra Tqma

unda, es ukanaskneli ver axerxebs damkvidrebuli stereotipis msxvrevas.

modelebs uyvarT lamazi tansacmeli, ZviradRirebuli samkaulebi

da Ramis klubebSi TeTrad gaTenebuli Rameebi. ukve meramdened mebadeba

kiTxva _ maSin vis raSi sWirdeboda es klounada? miT umetes, rom filmis

finalSi naTias Tavs saCuqariviT miarTmeven zuzus. ase, ubralod, miiyvanen

ipodromze, gadasvamen manqanidan gatkepnil mindorze da dautoveben

zuzus, rogorc miTiur minotavrs utovebdnen lamazmanebs... zuzu Taviseburi

minotavria, „mas bevri gogo hyavs“ da iseTive pirutyvis funqcias

asrulebs, rogoric buRas aqvs fermaze Zroxebis ganasayofiereblad. sa-


mwuxarod uxeSi, magram zusti Sedarebaa. zaza beJaSvilis kinopersonaJi

ar iwvevs simpaTias. Tanamedrove qarTul kinoSi is tipur tutucs ganasaxierebs...

„am filmma mokla qarTuli kino“

(Wirisufali: forum.ge)

bolo aTi wlis ganmavlobaSi es fraza xSirad msmenia. aglaZis films

„gogona slaididan“ ar mouklavs qarTuli kino. qarTuli kino movkaliT

Cven, qarTvelma mayurebelma Cveni dietiT da „dabalkaloriuli“, anu

ugemovno fsevdosulieri sazrdos (filmebis) miRebiT. giga aglaZem ki

mxolod sakontrolo gasrola gaakeTa. ase rom, aglaZes nurafers davwamebT.

isev sakuTar Tavs da, maT Soris, sakuTar tradiciebs davabraloT.

samegreloSi, sanam micvalebuls gaasveneben da miwas miabareben, qelexs

manamde ixdian xolme... zog sofelSi es tradicia dResac SemorCa. ama Tu

im filmis gaqiravebac aseT qelexs hgavs. sanam dakrZalaven, manamde moilxenen,

gaixseneben warsuls, SeiZleba erTi kviris Tavzec ar dakrZalon;

nabaxusevze uamravi sadRegrZelo gaaxsendeT da roca mixvdebian, rom

daugviandaT micvalebulis gacileba, rogorc iqna marxaven. qarTuli

filmebis gaqiravebac am principiT xdeba. mkvdradSobil films atareben

ekranidan ekranze, reklamiT izidaven mayurebels farTomasStabian panaSvidze

12:00, 14:00, 16:00, 18:00, 20:00 da 22:00 saaTze, Semdeg ki didi vaivaglaxiTa

da godebiT asamareben. kinokritikosebi, rogorc wesi, miwis erT

muWas mivayriT xolme da wuTieri dumilisTvis kompensacias xmamaRali

recenziebis gamoqveynebiT viTxovT.

amis Semdeg SevTanxmdeT, rom nekrofilia, micvalebulisadmi ltolva

cudi da mavne movlenaa. imazec SevTanxmdeT, rom micvalebulis naxvaSi

fuls ar unda vixdideT _ es ukve marazmia.

„aris holivudi da bolivudi, Cven ki nolivudi gvaqvs“...

(eqspertizis daskvna morgidan: forum.ge)

ra kargia, rom saqarTveloSi kinos gadaRebis moda dabrunda. ra cudia,

rom modaSia kinos gadaReba, miuxedavad imisa, gesmis Tu ara reJisura.

iqneb amitom, mayurebeli arcTu usafuZvlod axsenebs „nolivuds“, anu

nuls, nulovan zRvars, romelsac uaxlovdebian reJisorebi modis SegrZnebiT,

magram stilis gareSe. giga aglaZis opuss „gogona slaididan“

stili ar gaaCnia. Tumca reJisorma aq yvelafers mouyara Tavi, rac ki modaSia.

maT Soris personaliebs... moda warmavalia _ es yvelam kargad viciT.

albaT, reJisoric gaigebs. mas xom xSirad uwevs samodelo saagento

„slaidSi“ misvla...

aglaZis „kvazimoda“ ekranebze mogzaurobs. misi opusi „gogona slaididan“

garegnulad lamazia, Sinaganad ki carieli da uintereso. premieris

Semdeg mayurebeli imasac ambobda, rom siuJeti „TiTidan gamowovilia“

da „yuriT moTreuli“. amaze komentaris gakeTeba miWirs. sainteresoa,

ras ityvis reJisori? moaxerxa Tu ara mayureblis morjuleba? Tu „gogona

slaididan“ ubralod reJisoris egzibicionizmia, romelic miznad

isaxavda mayurebelSi mazoxisturi midrekilebis gamovlenas?

22 dekemberi, 2009

isaqarTvelo

cxeli Sokoladi 87


saavtoro

rafika

avtori: levan berZeniSvili

ilustracia: mariam zaldastaniSvili

dedamiwis zurgze ar moiZebneba

adamiani, romelTanac imdeni melaparakos

an mekamaTos, ramdenic rafikasTan

milaparakia da mikamaTia.

verc vixseneb sxva adamians, romel-

Tanac imdeni mqondes salaparako

da sakamaTo, ramdenic masTan. Cveni

patimroba da, saerTod, Cveni ur-

TierTobac TiTqmis ocdaxuTi wlis

win damTavrda, magram salaparako,

sakamaTo, saCxubari da saomari kidev

darCa Semdegi ocdaxuTi saukunisTvis.

rafika, rafael aSotis Ze papaiani,

dabadebuli 1942 wels, colSvi-

88 cxeli Sokoladi

liani, ori Svilis mama, 1982 wlis

10 noembers daapatimres. oTxi weli

mkacri reJimis banaki da ori weli

gadasaxleba hqonda misjili. rafika

somxeTSi helsinkis kavSiris erTerTi

damfuZnebeli iyo eduard

aruTunianTan erTad 1975 wels; mogvianebiT,

rodesac aruTuniani da

misi jgufis ori wevri daapatimres,

rafikasTan da edmon avetianTan

Cxreka Catarda. maSin ar dauWeriaT,

magram seriozulad gaafrTxiles.

xolo roca gafrTxilebam aRar ga-

Wra, Jora xomizurTan erTad daapatimres

da gulagis gzasac gauyenes.

rafikas mama, aSot papaiani (igive

aramaSot papaiani, es misi samsaxiobo

fsevdonimi iyo) somxeTSi cnobili

kaci yofila rogorc Tavdapirvelad

msaxiobi da Semdeg ramdenime

piesisa (ZiriTadad, komediisa) Tu

kinoscenaris avtori. sxvaTa Soris,

aSot papaianic Cveneburi yofila,

Cemi da daTosi ar iyos, baTumSi yofila

dabadebuli, ase rom, isedac

Cveni „zemliaki“ rafika „TiTqmis“

baTumelic iyo.

rafael papaiani CemTvis gansaku-

Trebuli patimari iyo, upirveles

yovlisa imitom, rom CemTan er-

Tad baraSevos politikuri zonis

istoriaSi pirveli saerTaSoriso

„kolmeurneobis“ Tu qibucis, „samxreT

kavkasiis xalxTa qristianul

federaciis“ Seqmnis iniciatori

gaxldaT (manamde politikur patimarTa

saerTo-sameurneo dajgufebebi

gamokveTilad nacionalur xasiaTs

atarebda) da, meorec imitom,

rom amden patimarSi igi erTaderTi

iyo Cemi „namdvili“ kolega anu filologi

_ rafael papaiani erevnis

valeri briusovis saxelobis rusuli

da ucxo enebis institutis

kursdamTavrebuli da filologiis

mecnierebaTa kandidati brZandeboda

(samwliani aspirantura tartus

universitetSi hqonda gavlili da

disertaciac estoneTis am SesaniSnav

samecniero centrSi saxelgan-

Tqmul iuri lotmanTan hqonda daculi).

didi dro ar damWirvebia imis

dasadgenad, rom rafika sakvirveli

kaci iyo. swored imitom, rom

„sakvirveli“ iyo, me masze permanentul

dakvirvebas vaxorcielebdi.

papaiani CemTvis Sesaswavli fenomeni

iyo. es iyo uaRresad mravalmxrivi

kaci: somxeTisa da, rac gasaocaria,

saqarTvelos istoriis brwyinvale

mcodne mecnieri, rusuli enisa da

literaturis SesaniSnavi specialisti,

daxvewili rusulis mqone

rafinirebuli stilisti, niWieri

poeti, erudirebuli, taqtiani, fr-

Txili, Taviseburad sevdiani iumoris,

kolosaluri Sromismoyva


eobisa da udidesi moTminebis

adamiani.

rafikas mravalmxriobis miuxedavad,

misi upirvelesi hipostasi

mainc ostatoba iyo. rogorc mravalmxrivi

mesrop maStocisTvis

moigones madlierma Tanamemamuleebma

erTi sityva „mTargmneli“ (anu

somxuri anbanis Semqmnels, ganmana-

Tlebels, misioners da somxuri samociqulo

da somxuri kaTolikuri

eklesiebis wmindans mTavar damsaxurebad

bibliis Targmna CauTvales),

ise rafikas daxasiaTebac SeiZleboda

erTi sityviT da es sityva iqneboda

„ostati“. somxebis ostatobis

ambavi sayovelTaod cnobilia da

rafikac uniWieresi da uxelmarjveesi

maisteri iyo. Tavisi, boria

maniloviCis sityviT rom vTqvaT,

maisterSaftis erT-erTi Sedevri,

wekos 12 sigaretis erTdroulad

damamzadebeli manqana, „qristes

asakisa“ rom Sevsruldi, im dabadebis

dReze maCuqa, oRond am manqaniT

sigaretebis damzadebisTvis saWiro

moTminebiT ver aRmWurva da me

wekos sigarets isev xeliT vaxvevdi.

Tavis sakerav manqanaze TviTnakeTi

ormagi propeleri hqonda damagrebuli

da zafxulSi mis manqanasTan

jdomas araferi sjobda. sakerav

manqanaze gaumjobesebaTa da gaiolebaTa

iseTi wyeba hqonda Catarebuli,

rom dRiuri produqcia _

92 wyvili „variSka“ (ceraTiTa xel-

TaTmani) dilis 11 saaTisTvis ukve

Seqmnili hqonda da Semdeg saaTebSi

momavali dReebis angariSSi muSaobda

(xalxi ambobda, ramdenime aTasi

wyvili xelTaTmanis maragi aqvs

Senaxuli „Savi dRisTviso“, Tumca

ra dReebic gvedga, imaze Savs ras

eloda, ar vici).

sxvadasxva dros rafikam mocaleobis

Jams Seqmna nivris avtomaturi

sanayi manqana (es aparati ZiriTadad

uqmad cdeboda, sad iyo „samanqano“

niori!), nigvzis aseve avtomaturi

sakepi (esec mTlianobaSi saCvenebeli

modeli iyo, nigozi iSviaTi xili

iyo banakSi, Cem garda arc aravis

hqonia arasodes), Tabaxis qaRaldis

mxazveli aparati, Semwvari Tevzis

naWridan Zvlebis xorcis struqturis

dauzianeblad gamomcleli

manqana, xisgan damzadebuli xorcis

meqanikuri sakepi manqana (es unikaluri

manqana ki gvqonda, magram

xorci banakSi sami weli TvaliT ar

minaxavs), TviTnakeTi zusti saswori

(wonida, ra Tqma unda, erTi miligramis

sizustiT) da ase Semdeg,

yvelas verc CamovTvli da verc gavixseneb.

mravalricxovani Teoriebidan,

romlebic sxvadasxva xalxisa

da epoqis geniosebis somxur warmomavlobas

amtkicebs (me piradad,

marTalia, ara rafikasgan, cxovrebis

sxvadasxva monakveTSi momismenia

rusTavelis, Seqspiris, baironis,

mocartis, iulius keisris, qristes,

budas, muhamedis, iuri dolgorukisa

da lev tolstois somxobis

„damadasturebeli“ Teoriebi), Tuki

iseTic arsebobs, romelic leonardo

da vinCisac am uZveles eTnoss

miakuTvnebs, me mis gasaZliereblad

mraval arguments movitandi rafikas,

SeiZleba iTqvas, genialuri

materialur-teqnikuri Semoqmedebidan.

Senaxvis, gadanaxvis, saguldagulod

gadamalvis, dakonservebis,

dazogvis, Txlad daWris trfials

rom etyvian, is iyo. mravali Tvis

win sayvareli meuRlis, anahitis

mier damzadebuli yaurma rom gaufuWda

da msunagma griSa feldmanma

SeuWama, eg xom araferi. kidev ufro

xangrZlivi (sami wlis!) Senaxvis zu-

Txis konservi „baliki“ gagvixsna saaxalwlod,

_ gaisad am dros aq aRar

viqnebio da gadasaxlebaSi marto

xom ar SevWamo. joni laSqaraSvilma

rom avadmyofobis dros gamozogi-

saavtoro

li karaqiT saaxalwlo torti daamzada,

rafikas sayveduri daimsaxura,

_ wels isedac uamravi saWmeli

gvaqvs (aq, Cemi warmodgeniT, cota

gadaaWarba), eg karaqi gaisisTvis

unda Segenaxa, ra ici, gaisad ra iqnebao.

banakis maRaziaSi, romelsac zonuri

tradicia „lariokad“ moixseniebs

(aqedanaa, sxvaTa Soris, cnobili

gamoTqma, „karaqia lariokSi“,

rac CemTvis „SeuZlebel situacias“

aRniSnavs _ karaqi ar Sedioda „lariokis“

uaRresad Rarib asortimentSi;

ise ki, es gamonaTqvami „Tavi

damanebes“ mniSnelobiT gamoiyeneba),

iyo maRali da dabali moTxovnis

produqtebi. maRali moTxovniT

sargeblobda zeTi (boTlianad

Rirda maneTi da 2 kapiki, 20 kapikad

Rirebuli boTli Semdeg TveSi „lariokobaze“

Cabarebas eqvemdebareboda),

Savi Cai (90 kapiki), weko (1 kolofi

15 kapiki, me, magaliTad, TveSi

20 kolofi mWirdeboda), asanTi (1

kapiki; unda gqonoda, aravin ar mogcemda),

mrgvali konfeti, romelsac

Saqris funqciis Sesruleba SeeZlo

(kilo 3 maneTi Rirda, oras gramze

mets ver vyidulobdiT), saweri

rveuli (klasikuri sabWoTa Tormetfurcliani

versia 2 kapiki Rirda)

da saweri kalami _ pasta (Zviri iyo,

30 kapiki). SedarebiT dabali moTxovniT

sargeblobda sxvadasxva juris

jemi anu „pavidlo“ (zustad maneTi

Rirda, qila 10 kapikad Cabarebas

eqvemdebareboda), Tevzis paSteti

„volna“ (76 kapiki), dauviwyari sabWoTa

konservi Завтрак туриста „turistis

sauzme“ _ Tevzis, tomatisa

da brinjis ganumeorebeli kombinacia

(80 kapiki), Tambaqos Zviriani

cxeli Sokoladi 89


saavtoro

nawarmi, magaliTad, ufiltro sigareti

„prima“ (15 kapiki) da ramdenime

produqti fantastikis an patimrebis

dacinvis sferodan, magaliTad

maneTnaxevrad Rirebuli kiSiniovis

Tambaqos fabrikis produqcia,

filtriani sigareti „malboro“,

romelic saerTod ar sargeblobda

aranairi moTxovniT da amitom „lariokidan“

„lariokamde“ iyo da iyo.

rafika 22 dekembers iyo dabadebuli.

Cveni zonuri cxovrebis

pirvel wels, rodesac Sesabamisi

gamocdileba ar gvqonda, me da

daTom gadavwyviteT, sasiamovnod

gagvekvirvebina iubilari, „lariok-

Si“ yovelTviurad dasaxarji Cveni

kuTvnili 10 maneTidan sami gavimeteT

da dabadebis dReze arnaxuli

saCuqari, ori kolofi „malboro“

vaCuqeT. darwmunebuli viyaviT,

rom Cveni finansuri TavganwirviT

megobari aRfrTovanebuli darCeboda

da gulisfancqaliT velodebodiT

Zvirfasi saCuqris gadacemis

moments. saRamos, rodesac rafikam

mokrZalebul sufraze migvipatiJa,

gazeTSi saguldagulod gaxveuli

saCuqari mivarTviT. nel-nela gaxsna

gazeTi da sigareti rom dainaxa,

iubilars, aSS-s maSindeli

prezidentis, ronald reiganisa ar

iyos, xalxuri sibrZne daaviwyda,

am SemTxvevaSi, naCuqari cxenisa da

misi kbilis Sesaxeb, da msaxiobisa

da dramaturgis aSot Tu aramaSot

papaianis mxolodSobilma Zem, rafaelma

WeSmaritad tragikuli xmiT

Seicxada, SehRaRada mamas, SeiZleba

iTqvas, zecasTan dagvabezRa mezobeli

xalxi, _ bedkrulo qarTvelebo,

es ra giqniaT, sam maneTad xom

mTeli sami qila „pavidlo“ movidodao!

90 cxeli Sokoladi

CaiT Sesmul erT-erT sadRegrZeloSi

„gadanaxuli droSebis kavaleri“

vuwode da moewona. yvelaferi

hqonda gadanaxuli, joni sawyobis

gamges eZaxda da me muzeumis direqtors.

komersantuli talantiT

Cvens zonaSi veravin Seejibreboda:

erTxel erT-erT patimars saswrafod

safosto marka dasWirda, mTeli

zona Semoiara da bolos CvenTan

movida, _ viRupebi, werils ver vagzavni

da am TveSi werilis gagzavnis

ufleba mixundeba, miSveleTo.

saSineli grZnobaa, roca samkapikiani

markis uqonlobis gamo, ori

kviris naweri 32-gverdiani werili

giuqmdeba, iseTi STabeWdileba rCeba,

rom mxolod xmis miwvdena da

werilis miwera SegiZlia Seni axloblebisTvis

da amasac ver axerxeb,

sulieri sicarielisa da Ralatis

morevSi eSvebi, sicocxle aRar ginda.

amas mixsnida Cemi ukraineli Tanazoneli,

xma ukankalebda da Rrma

depresiisken mieqaneboda. davamSvide,

_ nu geSinia, markas giSovi-meTqi

da wavedi rogorc rwyili an rogorc

avTandili. mivadeqi, ra Tqma

unda, rafikas. vuTxari, _ rafik, axperjan,

cavadtanem, marka mWirdeba,

kargi kaci iRupeba-meTqi.

_ safosto marka iSviaTi nivTia,

_ ganacxada rafikam. _ misi Rirebuleba

sabazro moTxovnasTan erTad

icvleba. mzad aris klienti, rom

gadaixados?

_ ra unda gadaixados, samkapikiani

marka sWirdeba kacs, _ saqmeSi gulubryvilo

Cauxedaoba gamovavline

me.

_ axperjan, levanjan, ar minda

axla leqcia wagikiTxo qarTul

uyairaTobaze. Tqveni qoneba xom gaaniaveT,

axla me maswavliT, ra Rirs,

rogorc Sen ambob, „samkapikiani“ marka?

_ da ra Rirs samkapikiani marka,

aTi kapiki? _ rac SeiZleba saqmianad

vikiTxe me.

_ aTi kargi ricxvia, oRond me am

ricxvs SensaviT uyuradRebod ar

moveqceodi. Sen xom xazs usvam, rom

„lariokSi“ marka sami kapiki Rirs,

me mas gadaudebeli saWiroebis koeficientze,

10-ze gavamravleb da

davadgen, rogorc ingliselebi

ityvian, emerjensi praiss: 30 kapiki,

anu ori kolofi weko.

_ ori kolofi weko ra ambavia?! _

ver davmale aRSfoTeba me.

_ vivaWroT? _ iseTi saxiT ikiTxa

rafikam, rom vaWrobis yvelanairi

xalisi damekarga. amas filologiuri

argumentic daemata saliteraturo

klasikidan, _ Торг здесь

неуместен! _ ostap-suleiman-bertamaria-bender-beis

msgavsad, mkacrad

ganacxada rafikam da 30 kapikis Rirebulebis

sxva produqtebis Camo-

Tvla daiwyo: ori kolofi „prima“,

erTi asanTis kolofi Cai da a.S.

wavedi gasaWirSi Cavardnil Cem

ukrainel ZmasTan. avuxseni situacia

da erTi kolofi weko movTxove.

gaxarebulma saswrafod momirbenina

erTi kolofi weko. me rom mqonoda

marka, xom ici, rom gaCuqebdi-meTqi,

_ da vicio, _ miTxra. mec rom mqonoda

da Sen dagWirveboda, gaCuqebdio,

magram axla ise mWirdeba, rom

erTi kolofi weko am saqmeSi memeteba,

kidev kargi, markis patronma

ori an meti rom ar moiTxovao (taqtiani

kaci iyo da patronis vinaoba

ar ukiTxavs, Tumca, ra Tqma unda,

mixvdeboda, banakSi kerZod vis eqneboda

aseTi mwvaved deficituri

saqoneli). Cemi maragidan erTi kolofi

weko davamate da rafikas mivutane.

_ xom xedav, ra iolad dagvTanxmda

klienti, sami unda meTqva, _

sinanuliT Tqva rafikam.

is aRar miTqvams, erTi kolofi

Cemi rom iyo, miT umetes, rafikam

„mogeba“ orad gahyo da Cemi kolofi

weko damibruna. simarTle rom


vTqva, ukrainel megobars Cemi kolofi

imitom ki ar davumate, rom

gansakuTrebiT keTili kaci var;

ara, ubralod, erT sacodav markaSi

ori kolofi wekos moTxovna momerida,

rafikam ki ukve seriozulad

gadawyvita, _ momavali gadaudebel

SemTxvevaSi emerjensis koeficienti

15-mde gaezarda.

rafika principuli kaci iyo da

yvela saprotesto aqciaSi monawileobas

iRebda. protestis ZiriTadi

forma gaficva iyo. gavificebodiT

da saamqroSi ar SevdiodiT, ar

vmuSaobdiT. zogierTi patimari am

protests ssrk generaluri prokuroris,

rekunkovis saxelze weriliT

„amagrebda“; werilSi ewera, _

ssrk generaluro prokuroro, amisa

da imis gamo, protestis niSnad, am

ricxvidan im ricxvamde gaficvas

vacxadeb, razedac xels vawer _ patimari

esa da es. werili konvertSi,

konverti _ safosto yuTSi. qar-

Tvelebi arc erT RonisZiebas ar

vacdendiT, yvela protests vuer-

TdebodiT, magram ssrk generalur

prokurors ar vaRiarebdiT da werilebs

ar vwerdiT _ isedac mSvenivrad

atyobinebdnen sadac jer ars,

vin monawileobda gaficvaSi da vin

ara. danarCenebi am werilebs werdnen

da safosto yuTSi agdebdnen.

joni laSqaraSvilma daiCema, _ rafika

kavkasieli kacia, generalur

prokurors werilebs ar miswerso.

erTxelac, rafika rom safosto

yuTSi rekunkovisadmi gasagzavn

werils agdebda, jonim xelidan gamostaca,

gaxsna da saxe gaebadra:

konvertSi marTla carieli furceli

ido.

rafika, „viTarca-igi vTquT“,

wlebis manZilze iuri lotmanis

moswavle iyo. gairkva, rom am gasaocar

kacs mec Sevxvedrivar, boria

maniloviCic da vadim iankovic. er-

Txel inteleqtualur-samsaxiobo

TamaSi wamoviwyeT, or-orkacian

gundebad daviyaviT, gundis erTerT

wevrs pantomimiT unda gadaeca

meoresTvis raime sityva an fraza.

finalSi me da rafikam (mwvrTnelebi

Jora xomizuri da genrix alTuniani)

piterelebis uZlieresi gundi

davamarcxeT, romelSic poliakovi

da maniloviCi Sediodnen, xolo

mwvrTnelebad donskoi da tolstixi

hyavdaT: rafikam moaxerxa da

JestebiT gamagebina, rom piterelebs

Cafiqrebuli hqondaT politpatimarTa

biblia _ „adamianis uflebaTa

sayovelTao deklaracia“.

gamarjvebulebs damarcxebulebma

Cai mogvarTves da swored maSin gaixsena

rafikam, rogor auxsnia amgvar

TamaSSi lotmans partniorisTvis

urTulesi termini режим Салазара

(rafikas aspirantobisas antoniu

di oliveira salazari jer kidev

portugaliis diqtatori iyo). iuri

lotmans munjurad jer klasikuri

diqtatori warmoudgenia, Semdeg

ki gadasula meore nawilze: meuRles

zara erqva. mouyvania lotmans

qalbatoni zara, auRia xelSi virtualuri

„dana“ da dauwyia zaras

sxeulis aravirtualuri nawilis

„CamoWra“, Semdeg xelebiT kiTxvac

dausvams, _ axla netav ras vSvrebiTo.

ra Tqma unda, gvisaubria qarTul

anbanze. rafikas aRizianebda, Jora

rom mrglovans swavlobda da mis

grafikaSi kosmiur wesrigs eZebda.

rafika movses xorenacis eyrdnoboda

da amtkicebda, mesropma mTargmnel

jagas daxmarebiT qarTuli

anbani Seqmna, raSic xels uwyobdnen

mefe bakuri da qveynis arqiepiskoposi

moseo.

_ marTalia Tu ara, rom mesropma

qarTuli ar icoda? _ davsvi me Cemi

mTavari SekiTxva.

_ ase ambobs koriuni, _ ar ikadra

tyuili rafikam.

_ filologi kaci xar, SeiZleba

ena ar icode da misi fonemebi gamohyo?

_ vikiTxe me da xangrZlivi

kamaTisTvis movemzade. ena araTu

unda icode, aramed mas uRrmesad

unda grZnobde, masSi mniSvnelobis

matarebeli elementebi rom gamohyo.

_ ra Tqma unda, ara, magram qarTuli

fonemebi, rogorc Cans, mTarg-

saavtoro

sad gyavT

istorikosebi, Tqven

xom poetebis qveyana

xarT? _ bebiaCemis,

ivlita beraias

terminiT rom vTqva,

`ironia gamikeTa~

rafikam.

mnelma jagam gamohyo, _ moulodnelad

aRmoaCina ucnobi geniosi V

saukunis saqarTveloSi rafikam.

_ qarTvelebs kargad icnob, umaduroba

qarTuli nacionaluri ni-

Sania? _ mwared vikiTxe me.

_ gansakuTrebuli umaduroba

qarTvelebisTvis ar Semityvia, _

frTxilad aRniSna rafikam.

_ amodena saqme gaukeTebia mesrops

da Cven viTom madlieri ratom ar viqnebodiT?

_ ise vikiTxe, rom rafikas

gaWirveboda koreqtuli saubari.

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 115

cxeli Sokoladi 91


esei

neoliberalizmis kritika

ocdameerTe saukuneSi

avtori: irakli kakabaZe

1972 wlis arCevnebze CileSi sakmaod

daZabuli mdgomareoba Seiqmna.

ramdenime partiam xmebis daaxloebiT

erTi da igive raodenoba

daagrova. sul mcire procentiT

gamarjveba memarcxene socialistur

partias xvda wilad. Tumca

gansxvaveba mogebulsa da wagebulebs

Soris Zalian mcire iyo _ qveyana

ramdenime banakad daiyo. salvador

aliende qveynis prezidenti gaxda,

magram misi xelisuflebaSi yofna

xanmokle aRmoCnda. 1973 wels samxedro

xuntam, general pinoCetis

xelmZRvanelobiT, saxelmwifo gadatrialeba

moaxdina, raTa `memarcxene

radikalebis~ TareSi aRekveTa

da qveyanaSi samoqalaqo mSvidoba

daebrunebina. momavali 16 wlis

ganmavlobaSi Cilem, am samoqalaqo

92 cxeli Sokoladi

mSvidobis garda, praqtikulad yvelaferi

naxa. pinoCetis samxedro

policiurma reJimma ekonomikuri

neoliberalizmis saxeliT qveyanaSi

teroris kampania gaaCaRa, romelsac

aTasobiT udanaSaulo adamiani

Seewira. am yvelafris ideologiuri

gamarTleba is iyo, rom Cile ar

moxvedriliyo `komunistebis~ mmar-

Tvelobis qveS. samxedro xuntis

mmarTvelobis pirveli wlebidanve

diqtaturas da terors ukve bevri

konservatiuli politikosic daupirispirda.

1976 wlisTvis qveynis politikur

wreebSi ukve konsensusi iyo

imis Taobaze, rom CileSi samxedro

diqtatura mZvinvarebda. Tumca, es

diqtatura sakuTar Tavs `demokratiis

da liberaluri ekonomikuri

Rirebulebebis damcvelad~ asaRebda.

pinoCetma amerikidan saswrafod

Caiyvana Cikagos ekonomikuri skolis

studentebi, romelTac milton

fridmanis ideebis ganxorcieleba

umalve daiwyes da globalur,

transnacionalur korporatiul

wreebSi Cile uceb cnes `liberalur,

Tavisufali ekonomikis mqone

warmatebul qveynad~. is mravalricxovani

daxvretebi, dapatimrebebi,

udanaSaulo adamianTa wameba,

teroristuli reJimi ekonomikis

`liberaluri~ Tu `liberali~ mamebisTvis

arafers niSnavda. isini

xom komunistebs umklavdebodnen

da rogorc Zveli liberaluri gamoTqma

ambobda: kargi komunisti

mxolod mkvdari komunistia. aqedan

gamomdinare, salvador aliendes


(romelic mxolod socialisti iyo

da ara komunisti, Tumca amas memarjvene

eqstremistebisTvis mniSvneloba

arc hqonia) da misi aTasobiT

momxres mkvleloba, imdroindeli

`liberaluri~ korporatiuli elitis

TvalsazrisiT, aucilebeli

piroba iyo Ciles demokratiuli

ganviTarebisaTvis, radganac, maTi

azriT, demokratiis upirvelesi ni-

Sani privatizacia da ekonomikuri

eqspluatacia iyo.

rodesac sakuTari mtrebi saxlSi

safuZvlianad gaanadgura, generali

pinoCeti sazRvargareT myof mtrebzec

gadavida. jer iyo da, argentinaSi

mokles xuntis amboxebuli

generali, romelic ar daemorCila

samxedro reJims da emigracia

amjobina. 1976 wels ki vaSingtonSi,

qalaqis centrSi bombiT mokles Ciles

yofili elCi amerikis SeerTebul

StatebSi, orlando letelieri

sakuTar TanaSemwesTan erTad.

es iyo erT-erTi pirveli sagareo

teroristuli aqti, romelic amerikis

miwaze Caidines. TviT fordis

respublikurma administraciamac ki

ver dafara aRSfoTeba da gadawyvita

gamoZiebina mkvleloba da am afe-

Tqebis organizatorebi amerikuli

marTlmsajulebis winaSe warmdgariyvnen.

1976 welsve demokrati da

SedarebiT memarcxene jimi karteri

amerikis prezidentad airCies. karteris

administraciam da iusticiis

saministrom gadawyvites, rom pasuxi

moeTxovaT letelieris mkvlelebisaTvis.

gamoZiebas generaluri

prokuroris ofisis axalgazrda

TanamSromeli lourens barsela

uZRveboda. mis winaSe metad rTuli

amocana idga _ hari trumenis cnobili

gamoTqmisa ar iyos, `sakuTari

ZaRliSvilebis~ (Our Son of a Bitches)

qveyanaSi unda moeZebna teroristul

aqtSi damnaSave adamianebi.

miuxedavad imisa, rom amerikeli

liberalebi, evropel kolegebTan

SedarebiT, bevrad ufro progresul

poziciebze dganan samoqalaqo

uflebebisa da socialuri Tavisuflebebis

sakiTxSi, sagareo politikaSi

Zirfesviani cvlilebis gatare-

esei

ba iSviaTad xerxdeba xolme. aqedan

gamomdinare, kisinjeris mier datovebuli

memarjvene memkvidreoba

sakmaod rTuli gadasalaxi zRude

iyo idealisti da progresuli karteris

administraciisaTvis. Tumca,

letelieris SemTxvevaSi, moulodnelma

faqtebma da, amave dros, axalgazrda

gamomZieblis seriozulma

namuSevarma Sedegi gamoiRo. pirvel

rigSi, sruliad SemTxveviT, bombis

afeTqebis adgilas aRmoCnda im

sakontaqto pirebis fotografiebi,

romelTac es mkvleloba SeukveTes

kubel antikastroel emigrantebs.

es fotoebi CileSi gadagzavnes da

iqac sruliad SemTxveviT isini meore

dResve ramdenime gazeTSi gamoqveynda.

xuntam veRar moaxerxa

mkvlelobis damkveTebis vinaobis

dafarva. amerikis generaluri

prokuroris gundi meore dResve

santiagoSi Cafrinda da pinoCets am

pirTa eqstradicia mosTxova. amas

isic daemata, rom erT-erTi uSualo

damkveTTagani amerikis moqalaqe

aRmoCnda. xuntam zewolas veRar

cxeli Sokoladi 93


esei

gauZlo da eWvmitanilebi amerikis

mxares gadasca. amerikelma eWvmitanilma

ki, saproceso garigebis safuZvelze,

ukve pirdapir daasaxela

mkvlelobis uSualo damkveTi _ Ciles

uSiSroebis samsaxuris ufrosi,

generali kontrerasi. amis Semdeg

ukve amerikis generalurma prokurorma

kontrerasis eqstradiciac

moiTxova. ai, es ki ukve zedmeti

iyo `megobari ZaRliSvilebis~ re-

JimisaTvis. xuntam uari ganacxada

eqstradirebaze, radganac aSkara

iyo, rom mkvlelobis dagegmvis Zafs

TviT pinoCetamde mivyavdiT. saqme

gaiwela. 1980 wels amerikis Seer-

Tebul StatebSi reiganis administracia

movida, romlisTvisac pino-

Ceti ara mxolod megobari, aramed

gmiric ki iyo da TiTqos am saqmeSi

damnaSaveebis dasjis perspeqtivac

daixSo. cnobilia, rom pinoCeti

TviTon metad gaRizianebuli iyo

prokurori barselas qmedebebiT da

mas `koRo~ uwoda. `koRoebma unda

icodnen, rom marTalia, maTi kbena

gvaRizianebs, magram maTi mokvla

erTi dartymiT kacs ar gauWirdeba

da imedia, amas ar gvaiZulebeno~,

94 cxeli Sokoladi

_ imuqreboda `neoliberalebis~

sayvareli rkinis generali.

1980-iani wlebis bolomde CileSi

araferi Secvlila. pinoCetis diqtatura

agrZelebda `liberalur~ ekonomikur

reformebs da Sesabamisad

`liberalurad~ epyroboda sakuTar

mowinaaRmdegeebs. zogs stadionze

xvretda, zogs wynar okeaneSi agdebda,

zogsac magelanis sruteSi gadauZaxebda.

sikvdilis eskadronebi

uswordebodnen yvelas, vinc mdidrebisa

da samxedroebis winaaRmdeg

amoxvneSasac moaxerxebda. jimi karteris

idealisturi administracia

ronald reiganis militaristulma

politikam Secvala, sadac komunistebis

aCrdili isev nomer pirvel

mtrad gamocxadda. TiTqos pinoCets

`koRoebma~ veraferi daakles. civi

omic sabWoTa kavSiris damarcxebiT

damTavrda. reiganis mier naqebma

`globalurma kapitalizmmac~

gaimarjva da ekonomikuri liberalizmis

CeqmiT damamkvidrebel pinoCetsac

TiTqos mxolod madloba

ekuTvnoda istoriisgan.

magram es ase ar moxda. amerikis

generaluri prokuroris asistentma

`koRom~ saqme ar Sewyvita, piriqiT

pinoCetis saqmes daemata ramdenime

sxva qveynis moTxovnac da bolos is

did britaneTSi vizitisas daakaves

espaneTis generaluri prokuroris

moTxovniT. jer amerikis generaluri

prokuroris moTxovnas

espaneTis magistratis balTazar

garsonis moTxovna daemata, romlis

gamoc pinoCeti weliwadze met xans

inglisSi gaxldaT dapatimrebuli;

Semdeg ki igi gaasamarTles Cile-

Si mosamarTle xuan guzman tapias

TavmjdomareobiT. sabolood pinoCetic

da kontrerasic CileSi gaasamarTles

da istoriamac maT ganaCeni

gamoutana rogorc sisxliani

diqtaturis warmomadgenlebs da

ara rogorc `liberaluri ekonomikuri

Rirebulebebis~ damamkvidrebel

gmirebs. istoria bevrad ufro

samarTlianad sjis, vidre nebismieri

ideologia. is yovelTvis Tavis

adgilas ayenebs robespierebs, napoleonebs,

taleiranebs, hitlerebs,

stalinebsa Tu sxva mmarTvelebs,

romelTac sakuTar droSi propaganda

an mTlianad ganadidebs, anac

miwasTan asworebs.


me-20 saukunis pirveli naxevris

gamoCenilma italielma moazrovnem

antonio gramSim kargad Camoayaliba

`kulturuli hegemoniis~

Teoria, sadac igi sxvadasxva tipis

dominaciuri sistemebis arsebobas

ara mxolod materialur-empiriul

faqtorebs miawers, aramed sworedac

rom kulturuli diskursis

WrilSi ganixilavs Tanamedrove

biurgeruli, `liberaluri~ sazogadoebis

funqcionirebis safu-

Zvlebs. misi azriT, biurgeruli

ideologiiT `tvingarecxili~ samoqalaqo

sazogadoebis interesTa

jgufebad dayofasTan da jgufuri

konkurenciis paradigmaSi Cabmas-

Tan erTad xdeba kapitalisturi

ideologiis moZliereba. gramSis

azriT, kulturuli hegemoniis Sedegad

sulac ar aris saWiro aSkarad

gamoxatuli diqtatoris arseboba,

sistema TviT asrulebs am

funqcias, sadac konkurenciisa da

sikvdilis SiSs avtomaturad aqvs

diqtatoris funqciis SeTavsebis

gansakuTrebuli unari da amis Sedegad

policiuri funqciebis didi

nawilis sakuTar Tavze aReba swo-

redac rom `samoqalaqo sazogadoebis~

saSualebiT xdeba.

sainteresoa, rom hana arendtis

gamokvlevebiT xSirad totalitarizmis

safuZvels sworedac rom

`moqalaqis~ (germanulad Burger)

instituti warmoadgens. swored es

biurgerebi iyvnen isini, visac ebraelebi

sakuTari nebiT mihyavda sakoncentracio

banakSi, vinc faSizmsa

Tu antisemitizms amarTlebda. hana

arendti am SemTxvevaSi ara mxolod

ebraelebis Cagvraze laparakobs,

aramed pirveli msoflio omis Sedegad

darCenili yvela sxva umciresobisac,

romelTac maSindeli

`eri-saxelmwifoebi~ sruluflebian

moqalaqeobas ar aZlevdnen, rameTu

maTi `eri-saxelmwifoebi~ eTnikuri

niSniT iyvnen agebulni da maSasadame

`liberalur damokidebulebas~

mxolod am qveynebis eTnikuri maspinZlebi

imsaxurebdnen.

herbert markuze 1936 wels daweril

`Zalauflebis SeswavlaSi~

Segnebulad urevs terminebs `samoqalaqo

sazogadoeba~ da `bur-

Juaziuli sazogadoeba~, radganac

germanul enaSi es terminebi erTi

esei

da igive signifaeriT aRiniSneba.

Tanamedrove italieli filosofosi

jorjo agambeni ki 1995 wels

ukve laparakobs homo sacer-ze, anu

qarTulad rom vTqvaT, `sulier arsebaze~,

romelsac adamianis uflebebi

ar aqvs, es laTinuri gamoTqma

inglisurad iTargmneba rogorc

Bare Life. es aris SiSveli sicocxle,

romlis mokvlac yvelas SeuZlia da

mis sicocxles aravin icavs. ramdeni

aseTi SiSveli sicocxlea Cvens

irgvliv? maTi ricxvi sxvadasxva

gamoTvliT miliardebs aWarbebs,

magram es miliardebi wamyvani gazeTebis

hedlainebze arasdros xvdeba.

aris Tu ara es samarTliani?

am kiTxvaze pasuxi albaT ufro Sinagani

mrwamsis sakiTxia. bevri memarcxene

politikosi Tu sazogado

moRvawe, bevri religiuri lideric

Tvlis, rom es miuRebelia da rom

unda gamoinaxos gza, rom adamianebis

sicocxle metad dafasdes. neoliberalizmisa

da fiskaluri konservatizmis

ideologiis momxreebi,

raRa Tqma unda, ase ar fiqroben.

>>> gagrZeleba gv. 92

cxeli Sokoladi 95


gagrZeleba

raze fiqrobs urban reaqtori


aSenda. magram ar icodnen mTavari

_ proeqtis Seqmnis socialuri mizani

da koncefcia.

es komunistebis erT-erTi socialuri

eqsperimenti iyo. maT

burJuaziuli sazogadoebis komunistur

sazogadoebad gardaqmna

undodaT. amisTvis ki pirvel rigSi

(marqsistuli filosofiis mixedviT)

kapitalizmis birTvis, ojaxis

struqturis rRveva iyo saWiro.

komunistebi ideis gansaxorcieleblad

specialuri sivrcis Seqmnas

cdilobdnen, sadac es procesi bunebrivad

unda dawyebuliyo. kompleqsSi

Sedioda _ saZile zona,

sadac wyvilisTvis mxolod sawoli

da saweri magida idga, saerTo sasadilo,

samrecxao da calke Senoba,

sadac bavSvebisTvis 24-saaTiani

baRi unda yofiliyo, rom mSoblebs

sakuTari drois Tavisuflad

gamoyeneba SeZlebodaT. socialuri

sacxovrebeli Zvel ubanSi, parkTan

axlos aSenda. rodesac ginzburgi

proeqts le korbuziesTan

ganixilavda, mis frang kolegas

parkis maxloblad sacxovreblis

aSeneba sasacilodac ar hyofnida.

`ra ggoniaT, muSaTa klass parkSi

bulbulis stvenis mosmena sWirdebao?~

amitom mSvidad miugo, rom

komunistebisTvis socialuri kondenseri

utopiuri sazogadoebis

Seqmnis eqsperimenti iyo _ sazogadoebis,

romelsac produqtiulobis

maqsimaluri xarisxi unda

eCvenebina _ diliT muSa unda yofiliyo,

Sua dRes saTevzaod wasvla

unda SeZleboda, saRamos ki,

privatul sivrceSi, sadac bavSvebis

xmauri ar Seawuxebda, inteleqtualur

samuSaos miscemoda, da

magaliTad kritika ewera.

magram eqsperimenti Cavarda.

kraxis mizezi ideis absurduloba

iyo, rac TviTon proeqtis Semqmnelebma

daadastures, rodesac _

mTavarma arqiteqtorma kompleqsSi

is farTi airCia TavisTvis, romelic

isev burJuaziuli ojaxisTvis

iyo gankuTvnili. finansTa komitetis

Tavmjdomarem ki saxuravze sa-

zogadoebriv sivrced Cafiqrebul

farTze penthauzi dadga. da narkomfinis

saxli erT, Cveulebriv

`komunalkad~ gadaiqca.

`ai, aseT Temebze vsaubrobdiT

da amitom momwonda misi leqciebi.

Tan Cven jgufurad vmuSaobdiT.

da esec Zalian momwonda.

universitetSi es gamoricxuli

iyo, radgan jgufSi Sejibri da

konkurencia ar arsebobs, Sesabamisad

superstarebis gadarCeva da

Sefaseba rTulia. jgufSi muSaoba

Zalian produqtiuli da efeqturi

iyo, radgan pasuxismgebloba

kompetenciis mixedviT nawildeboda

da yvela akeTebda imas, rac

sxvebze ukeT icoda. SeiZleba meti

dro midioda komunikaciaze, magram

esec mniSvnelovani momenti

iyo, radgan Zalian bevri swored

am ganxilvebis dros viswavleT.~

levani am jgufTan erTad Tavis

pirvel urbanul proeqtze sami semestri

muSaobda. maT mexikos erTerTi

gareubani ekatepeki airCies

(4-milioniani mosaxleobiT), sadac

ramdenime wlis win developerebis

mier gaSenebuli izolirebuli

sacxovrebeli ubnis (14 aTasi

saxliT) qalaqis bunebriv qsovil-

Si integraciisTvis unda SeewyoT

xeli. izolirebul sacxovrebel

ubans qalaqis danarCeni nawilisgan

ormetriani kedeli hyofda. am

kedlis miRma arsebobda ori radikalurad

gansxvavebuli samyaro

_ erT mxares qalaqi, TviTganvi-

Tarebuli sivrce, saocrad dinamiuri,

cocxali da xalxmravali,

meore mxares ki steriluri, erTsaxovani

garemo, absoluturad

erTnairi saxlebiT. `dakarguli

iyo qalaqis mTavari xibli _ misi

mravalferovneba. da komunikacia,

rodesac mezoblad cxovroben yvela

socialuri fenis adamianebi da

urTierToba maT Soris Cveulebrivi

ambavia, _ ambobs levani, _

izolirebuli sacxovrebeli ubnebi

ki, xSir SemTxvevaSi, umniSnvelo

qonebrivi segregaciis gamo, am

socialur fenebs Soris xelovnur

gagrZeleba

sazRvars qmnis da maT Soris komunikacia

qreba~. maT im konkretuli

arealis problemebis gadasaWrelad

jer zogadad meqsikis

politikur-ekonomikur-socialuri

istoria ikvlies, mere fokusi

daaviwroves da or-or kacianma

jgufebma am konkretuli arealis

dasaxlebis socialuri problemebi

Seiswavles. `es is SemTxveva iyo,

rodesac qalaqmSeneblobis mTeli

politika developerebis xelSi

moxvda da yvelaferi mtacebluri

mogebis reJimSi gadavida. es izolirebuli

sacxovrebeli ubnebic

am problemis sivrciTi gamosaxuleba

iyo~.

levani fiqrobs, rom gaumarTla,

radgan delftSi istoriul momentSi

moxvda. dRes ukve universitetSi

bevri ramea Secvlili _

`dialeqtikuri eqsperimentidanac~

mxolod maaris kursi darCa, migelis

urbanuli asimetriis kurss

ki gamoemSvidobnen. erTi sityviT,

darCa mTeli konteqstiT da SinaarsiT

Secvlili `Sou rum~ Senoba,

sadac awi mxolod `varskvlavebi

gaizrdebian~.

`rac iqidan wamomyva, aris mar-

Tla Zalian magari gamocdileba da

megobrebi, romlebTanac kontaqti

dRemde ar gamiwyvetia~. metic,

maTTan urTierToba albaT kidev

ufro intensiuri gaxdeba mas Semdeg,

rac levani da ruso saqarTveloSi

`urban reaqtoris~ fargleb-

Si urban aqtivobas daiwyeben.

raze fiqrobs urban

reaqtori

rusos `pragmatuli eqsperimentic~

kraxiT dasrulda. ambobs,

rom Zalian ecada, magram misgan

konformisti gogo mainc ver dadga.

`dResac isev venTebi im problemebze,

rogorc adre. Sevegue

imas, rom es cxovrebis wesia da ara

ubralod kariera~. Tumca, dResac

kulturuli memkvidreobis dacvis

erovnul saagentoSi iuneskosTan

urTierTobis sakiTxebze muSaobs.

ar icis, ramden xans darCeba iq.

cxeli Sokoladi 97


gagrZeleba

rac namdvilad icis, is aris, rom

levanTan erTad urban reaqtors

mixedavs da imis realizebas ecdeba,

rac verc erTma verc sajaro

samsaxurSi, verc kerZo kompaniaSi

ver moaxerxa.

urban reaqtori jer mxolod

blogia. mas jer mxolod Tvrameti

mimdevari da aTamde aqtiuri wevri

hyavs. isini alternatiuli codnis

bazis Seqmnas apireben, iseTis,

rogorzec studentobis dros

TviTon ocnebobdnen. gaakeTeben

mobilur biblioTekas, sadac Sexvedrebs

da seminarebs moawyoben.

mere ukve TanamoazreebTan erTad

sazogadoebaSi urbanizmis mimarT

interesis gaRvivebas da zogadad

aqtivizmis Sesaxeb maTi warmodgenebis

Secvlas Seecdebian.

`rodesac erT-erT organizacia-

Si Cveni SeTavazebiT mivediT, ase

gviTxres, _ Zalian ambiciurebi

xarTo, _ da Tavazianad dagvemSvidobnen,

_ ambobs ruso. magram Cven

imedgacruebebisTvisac mzad varT.

rodesac sistemuri cvlilebis-

Tvis ibrZvi, marcxi TiTqmis garantirebuli

gaqvs. magram yvelas ase

rom efiqra, kacobriobis istoria-

Si arc araferi Seicvleboda, xom?

amitom Cvenc patar-patara winaaRmdegobebis

gadalaxviT viwyebT,

ramac gvinda, saboloo miznamde

migviyvanos~.

urban reaqtori fiqrobs, rom,

pirvel rigSi, Sesacvlelia mTliani

urbanuli politika, romelic,

maTi azriT, Zalian zedapiruli da

myifea, da kidev SerCeviTi, radgan

realurad mxolod maTi uflebebia

daculi, visac fuli aqvs.

ruso ambobs, rom aseve Sesacvlelia

midgoma istoriuli memkvidreobis

mimarT. adre Zalian xistad

da sworxazovnad udgeboda

Zeglebis konservacias, rodesac

Zeglebis absolutur auTenturobis

SenarCunebas uWerda mxars.

dRes fiqrobs, rom esec fetiSia.

`qalaqi istoriis ganmavlobaSi

icvlis saxes. es procesia da bevri

cvlileba Zalian kanonzomieria.

98 cxeli Sokoladi

istoriuli ubnebis SenarCunebis

politika cota moqnili unda iyos.

magaliTad maT, visac qalaqSi tualeti

ezoSi aqvs, unda aZlevdnen

uflebas, Senobis ukana fasadze

patara farTi miaSenon da tualeti

saxlSi Seitanon. unda iyos Tavisufleba

imisTvis, rom qalaqma

sunTqva SeZlos, magram aseve unda

arsebobdes Zalian moqnili regulaciebi,

`sunTqva~ barbarosobaSi

rom ar gadaizardos~.

am problemebis gadaWris gzebic

Zalian kompleqsuria. rTulia,

Seqmna proeqti, romelSic yvelas

socialur moTxovnas gaiTvaliswineb,

ise, rom ar daarRvev qalaqis

bunebriv qsovils. proeqts, romelsac

efeqturi ekonomikuri modeli

aqvs da swor iuridiul Car-

CoSi zis.

rodesac qalaqis istoriul ubnebSi

biznes interesi Cndeba, sacxovrebeli

teritoria mosaxleobisgan

icleba da Senobebi mSral

turistul obieqtebad gadaiqceva.

ruso am process `gaSardenebas~

eZaxis.

safrangeTis Crdilo-dasavleT-

Si, istoriul provincia bretonSi

yovel wels fermerebis festivali

imarTeba. es mxare Zalian saxasia-

To dialeqtiT da kidev ufro saxasiaTo

tradiciebiTaa cnobili.

ucxoelebsac es lamazi mxare swored

am uCveulo niSnebiT izidavs

da weliwadis am dros bretonSi

aTi aTasobiT turisti Cadis. yvela

Tavmoyvare bretoneli nacionalur

kostumSia gamowyobili da

adgilobriv dialeqtze saubrobs.

`mokled turistebi sanaxaobiT

bednierebi arian, _ ambobs ruso,

_ magram rogorc ki festivali

mTavrdeba, uecrad qreba tansacmelic

da momentalurad yvela

frangulad iwyebs saubars. es yvelaferi

speqtaklia~.

`Cven ver vamCnevT, ramdenad

cocxalia Cveni qalaqi, _ ambobs

levani, _ sadme rom midixar da

am gapiwkinebul quCebs da Senobebs

uyureb, sinamdvileSi mxolod

fasads xedav, ra xdeba fasadis

ukan, imas ver amCnev. es yvelaferi

samuzeumo eqsponats emsgavseba.

Tbilisis istoriul ubans jer

gamuzeumebis procesi ar Sexebia,

amitom bevrad ufro meti kulturuli

muxti aqvs, vidre im qalaqebs,

sadac cxovreba mowesrigebulia.

yvela procesi, rac aq xdeba,

Zalian aSkarad Cans quCebSi. nebismieri

evropuli qalaqi droSia

gayinuli. CvenTan, sadac procesi

kontrols jer ar eqvemdebareba,

sivrce socialuri kuTvnilebaa.

CvenTan sivrce procesia, breton-

Si ki _ forma. magitom miyvars es

TviTSeqmnili naxalovka. iq Cven

uaxles istorias waikiTxav _ rogor

agebdnen adamianebi saxlebs,

ra komponentebs umatebdnen, ra

masalebs iyenebdnen da rogor dizains

irCevdnen. iq, komunikaciac

mogvarebulia da higienac. igrZnoba

TviTmyofadi da dinamiuri

procesebi, romelzec kontroli

naklebad vrceldeba. da, Cemi

azriT, es aris swored is kulturuli

muxti, romelic kargad iq

Cans, sadac kontroli naklebia da

metia Tavisufleba. amitom vfiqrobT,

rom sxvadasxva problemis

gadaWris gzebi yvela doneze unda

veZeboT. mgoni, mxolod ase SeiZleba

Sualedis moZebna~.

_ gavdivarT? _ kiTxulobs ruso,

rodesac daviT mesxi Tavis fotomowyobilobebis

Calagebas iwyebs.

qalaqSi gavdivarT. me da mesxsac

gvinda rusosTan da levanTan er-

Tad `umisamarTod gaviseirnoT~,

iqneb naxalovkaSic, rom Cvenc davinaxoT

is, rasac isini, ukve didi

xania, xedaven _ Cveni qalaqi. am

seirnobis ambavs ki aq ar mogiyvebiT.

radgan `sakuTari qalaqis~

aRmosaCenad rukebi da sxvebis

rCevebi araferSi gamogadgebaT. am

dros ubralod gaixuravT kars da

gadixarT umisamarTo da umizno

mogzaurobaSi, sadac ras ipoviT

da ras aRmoaCenT, winaswar aravin

icis.


Zola TavisuflebisTvis


gagrZeleba

dias bolo politikuri gadawyvetileba,

sanam is devnili gaxdeboda.

1991 wlis dekembris bolos elcinma

damoukidebloba gamoacxada da

ruseTi sabWoTa kavSiridan gavida.

31 dekembers, maSin, rodesac Tbilis-

Si erTmaneTs vxocavdiT, gorbaCovma

ganacxada, _ `me vwyvet Cem uflebamosilebas

sabWoTa kavSirs meTauris

rangSi, am saxelmwifos daSlis gamo~.

am dros TbilisSi saSineli omi

iyo, tyviebiT vulocavdiT erTmaneTs

axal wels. ai, ase dasrulda Cveni br-

Zola damoukideblobisTvis. sabWoTa

kavSiri ise daiSala, rom verc ki gavigeT.

gaviRviZeT pirvel ianvars da

arc ki vicodiT, rom ukve damoukideblebi

viyaviT. arc televizia ar mu-

Saobda, da arc gazeTebi gamodioda.

ase dasrulda Cveni brZola damoukideblobisTvis,

romelic mivi-

ReT Cvengan damoukideblad. aseve

miiRo damoukidebloba uzbekeTma,

tajikeTma, yirgizeTma, TurqmeneTma

da yazaxeTma. gaero-m yofili sabWoTa

respublikebidan maleve cno

14-is damoukidebloba, erTis garda,

da es erTi saqarTvelo iyo. gaero-m

ar icoda, visi damoukidebloba unda

ecno, qveyanas xelisufleba ar hyavda.

am etapze mainc ratom ar Cndeba aranairi

pasuxismgebloba imaze, rasac politikosebi

akeTeben?

vis unda hqonoda es pasuxismgebloba?

ar mgonia, Tengiz kitovani

an maSin an axla acnobierebdes imas,

rac Caidina. misi `kliCka~ iyo `bawia~,

ukraineli anarqisti `batia maxnos~

mibaZviT, romelic xan bolSevikebs

ebrZoda 1919 wels, xan TeTrebs... imis

mixedviT, rogor awyobda. `kliCka~

hqonda am adamianis, da es moswonda,

siamovnebda. aqedan Cans misi politikuri

pasuxismgeblobis siRrme.

jaba ioseliani yofili kanonieri

qurdi iyo. Tavisi mentalitetiT es

adamiani mTeli cxovreba saxelmwifos

ebrZoda da rogor SeZlebda is saxelmwifoebriv

azrovnebas. erTia `bawia~,

meore kanonieri qurdi da mesame sigua.

ai, es triumvirati _ samxedro

sabWo marTavda qveyanas.

100 cxeli Sokoladi

visi iniciativiT Camodis eduard SevardnaZe?

SevardnaZe saqarTveloSi 1992 wlis

7 marts, gamsaxurdias damxobidan mesame

Tves Camovida. manamde samxedro

sabWos Zalaufleba isev kalaSnikovebiT

eWira. TbilisSi 10 aTasobiT

zviadistis mitingebi imarTeboda,

xalxs quCaSi xvretdnen da mainc ver

Slidnen.

ase didxans rom veRar SeinarCunebdnen

Zalauflebas, pirveli jaba ioseliani

mixvda.

politikurma da inteleqtualurma

elitam kitovanis da jabas xeliT ki

moaxerxa gamsaxurdias damxoba, magram

ara imisTvis, rom mere maTTvis daeTmoT

Zalaufleba.

amas kargad xvdeboda jaba ioseliani

da daiwyo kidevac molaparakebebi

SevardnaZesTan. `stalinis mere aseTi

didi kaci ar gvyolia, moskovSi ganZi

gvyavs da ratom unda gavuSvaT xelidan,

Camosvlaze Tu daviTanxmeT, miliardi

moaqvso~, _ legendebi dadioda

SevardnaZeze.

`yvela magis megobari iyo, buSidan

dawyebuli SulciT damTavrebuli, ra

unda gveqna, me da kitovani xom ar viqnebodiT

TbilisSio?~ _ jabas sityvebs

geubnebi.

mTeli komunisturi inteligencia

da nomenklatura, yvela, visac ar undoda

gamsaxurdia, SevardnaZis Camosvlas

elodeboda, siguas da kitovanis

garda. maT icodnen, rom SevardnaZis

xelSi Zalaufleba aRar eqnebodaT,

sigua imdenad gabrazebuli iyo, rom

aeroportSi ar wavida mis dasaxvedrad.

kitovans SevardnaZisTvis mxolod

sagareo saqmeTa ministris posti

emeteboda, sxvaTa Soris, Tavis droze

zviad gamsaxurdiasac. mokled, SevardnaZes

samsaxurs yvela sTavazobda.

SevardnaZis Camoyvanis gamo, jabasa

da kitovans Soris ise daiZaba

urTierToba, rom kinaRam meore omi

daiwyo. maSin jabam mxedrioni fexze

daayena da pirdapir Tqva, an damTanxmdebiT,

an sxva zomebs miviRebo.

jabas mxars sazogadoebrivi azric

uWerda da Tavisi gaitana.

sxvaTa Soris, maSin kitovanma jabas

uTxra, _ eg kaci rom Camogyavs, icode,

jer me damiWers da mere Seno...

sazogadoeba ratom aris aseTi ususuri,

ratom ver axdens is gavlenas politikur

procesebze?

sazogadoeba imaze fiqrobda, _

axla vis gavyveTo. maSin jabam ixumra,

_ `tramvais gayeviTo~. `cekadan~

pirdapir omze gadavediT. Cven qveynis

marTvis araferi vicodiT, bnel oTaxSi

aRmovCndiT da xelebis cecebiT

davdiodiT. es giJuri 90-ianebi iyo.

es namdvili sigiJe iyo. dRe ise Tendeboda,

rom aravin icoda, ra unda

ekeTebina.

SevardnaZe mzad iyo am nabijisTvis?

sanam SevardnaZe saqarTveloSi

Camovidoda, elcins Sexvda da azri

hkiTxa, Wkviani kaci iyo, gansxvavebiT

sxvebisgan, da Camosvlamde daiwyo

mxardamWerebis mopoveba. elcini dai-

Tanxma, manamde Zalian cudi urTier-

Toba hqondaT, ar uyvardaT da ar

endobodnen erTmaneTs, raRac Zveli

komunisturi angariSebi hqondaT. SevardnaZe

saqarTveloSi mxolod ruseTis

mxardaWeris miRebis Semdeg Camovida

da Camoitana sakuTari wignis

honorari _ 100 aTasi dolari. es iyo

misi legendaruli miliardi. sxvaTa

Soris, misi CamosvlisTanave gaero-m

saqarTvelos damoukidebloba aRiara.

SevardnaZem kargad icoda, sad modioda.

man Tqva `rodesac me TbilisSi

Camovedi, maSin saqarTvelo ar arsebobdao~.

miuxedavad imisa, rom es arapopularuli

mosazrebaa, me viziareb

am Sefasebas.

saqarTvelos xelisuflebis iurisdiqcia

ar vrceldeboda arc afxazeTSi,

arc samegreloSi, arc aWaraSi

da arc yofil samxreT oseTSi. samtrediaSi

xan vrceldeboda, xan ara.

qveyana Tavidan bolomde samoqalaqo

omSi iyo Cafluli. quCebSi bandebi

daTareSobdnen, Zarcva-gleja da ya-

CaRoba iyo.

SevardnaZe rom Camovida, erT-erTi

pirveli Sexvedra universitetSi hqonda.

gamosvlisas majis saaTi moixsna


da tribunaze dado. es saaTi mopares.

ai, aseTi iyo maSin saqarTvelo.

gaazrebis, Sefasebis, SeCerebis, raime

alternativis moZebnis sivrce ar arsebobda?

aranairi. erTaderTi, rac moxda am

periodSi, samoqalaqo omis dawyebis

win, is iyo, rom eqimma gia abesaZem

cocxlad daiwva Tavi. es nabiji imitom

gadadga, rom ramenairad SeeCerebina

is sigiJe, rasac qarTvelebi

akeTebdnen. adamianma navTi gadaisxa

da Tavi moikla Sua rusTavelze, er-

TaderTi mizniT, _ egeb mixvdeT ras

akeTebTo.

2 seqtembridan 4 Tve Tbilisi isterikaSi

cxovrobda. aranairi Sefaseba,

araviTar analizze ar aris saubari.

an aqeT unda yofiliyavi, an iqiT,

sxva arCevani ar arsebobda. saSineli

radikalizmi iyo. qarTvelebi iseTi

sisastikiT ibrZodnen erTmaneTis winaaRmdeg,

jer TbilisSi da mere samegreloSi,

rom aseTi sisastikiT arsad

ubrZoliaT _ arc afxazeTSi da arc

oseTSi.

ratom Camodis SevardnaZe, ratom

aris is Tanaxma Caibaros aseTi qveyana?

da ra arCevani hqonda? ruseTSi is

sZuldaT. gansakuTrebiT gacofebulebi

iyvnen samxedroebi. gorbaCovi

rusia da mas apaties sabWoTa kavSiris

daSla, ai SevardnaZe rusi ar iyo da,

yvela ubedureba mas daabrales.

bolos dacvac mouxsnes da mis usafrTxoebas

iciT, vin icavda? _ iqauri

qarTveli mafiozebi, Savebi...

jaba ioseliani momiyva TviTon, _

damirekes da miTxres, Tu migyavT es

kaci aqedan, droze waiyvaneT, Torem

mis usafrTxoebaze pasuxs veRar vagebTo.

Camovida da pirveli rac gaakeTa,

azerbaijanSi da somxeTSi Cavida, undoda

regionuli lideri gamxdariyo.

ase ambobs Tengiz sigua, romelic

Tan axlda SevardnaZes molaparakebebze.

is dRemde amtkicebs, rom

is amerikelebma gamouSves, raTa es

regioni ruseTisaTvis gamoeglijaT

xelidan. am Sexvedrebze SevardnaZe

cdilobda, daerwmunebina liderebi,

SeeqmnaT regionuli kavSiri da mibrunebuliyvnen

dasavleTisken. magram

es ar gamovida, somxeTSi uari

uTxres yarabaRis gamo, maT ruse-

Tis mxardaWera sWirdebodaT. uari

uTxres azerbaijanSic.

ra aris SevardnaZis nomer pirveli

amocana?

man Tavis misiad erovnuli konsolidacia

gamoacxada. Seqmna saxelmwifo

sabWo da Seiyvana absoluturad

yvela politikuri Zala. es sabWo

imelSi ijda da marTalia, laqlaqis

garda arafers ar akeTebda, magram

saidanRac xom unda daewyo.

realuri xelisufleba isev jaba ioselianis,

kitovanisa da siguas xelSi

iyo.

SevardnaZe cdilobda, Tanamdebobebi

yvelasTvis mieca, imisTvis, rom

yvela gamsaxurdiasTan brZolaSi Caeba.

misi Camosvlis dRidan samoqalaqo

omi kidev ufro gamwvavda. ase rom,

misi mTavari amocana gamsaxurdias da

zviadistebis damarcxeba iyo.

anu saqarTvelos damoukideblobis-

Tvis brZolis idea am etapze zviadistebis

damarcxebad transformirda?

92-Si zviad gamsaxurdia gaiqca saqarTvelodan,

Torem samoqalaqo omi

ki ar damTavrda, dapirispireba samegreloSi

gadavida. da im wlebSi es

mxare Zalian usamarTlod da sastikad

daisaja. walenjixaSi saSineli Setakebebi

iyo, xalxis dasawiokeblad Tbilisidan

reidebi igzavneboda.

Tavisi sisastikiTa da daundoblobiT

samegrelo amaT ormagad gaazviadistes.

moTareSe razmebi xalxma ver

miiRo da verc miiRebda _ yaCaRoba

iyo, qoneba mohqondaT, mdidrdebodnen.

am bandebidan nawils kanonieri qurdi

jaba ioseliani xelmZRvanelobda,

nawils _ kitovani metsaxelad `bawia~.

gagiJda iq xalxi. radikalizmi gaormagda

da gaaTmagda. am awiokebebis

gamo, xalxma mokida xeli kalaSnikovs

da SeuerTda qobalias. polkovniki

qobalia metsaxelad `loTi~ gamsaxur-

gagrZeleba

dias gvardiis sardali iyo, romelic

darCa saqarTveloSi da samegreloSi

gaiqca. imis Tqma minda, rom erT mxares

`bawiaa~, meore mxares `loTi~. es

xalxi iyofs saqarTvelos, es xalxi

ibrZvis ZalauflebisTvis. orive mxares

rusuli iaraRi uWiravs, rusebi

wyveten, vis ramdeni kalaSnikovi miscen.

ai, es aris Cveni saqarTvelo.

amerika gvigzavnis humanitarul

daxmarebas, rom mSivrebi ar davixocoT.

puri safuraJe xorbliT cxveba

da dilis 5 saaTze ukve rigebi dgas.

erTaderTi, rac iyideba, puria. ukve

yvelaferi moSlilia, mTeli qveyana

mkvdaria.

Cven, rogorc eri, aRar varsebobT,

aranairi imuniteti aRar gagvaCnia.

afxazebi sargebloben qarTvelebis

dapirispirebiT, sakanonmdeblo bazas

qmnian da damoukideblobis gamocxadebisTvis

emzadebian.

afxazeTi amave dros zviadistebis

Zalian seriozuli dasayrdenia, qar-

Tuli mosaxleobis 90 procenti zviadistia

da 92-is zafxulSi, 14 agvistos

iwyeba omi afxazeTSi. SevardnaZes

ori mTavari amocana aqvs: bolo mou-

Ros afxazebis separatizms da mospos

zviadistebis dasayrdeni. garda amisa,

rkinigza iZarcveba, saSineli yaCaRobaa,

gansakuTrebiT gudauTaSi. yvela

tvirTs, romelic ruseTidan modis,

maT Soris somxeTisTvis, gudauTaSi

gauZarcvavs ar tovebdnen.

anu afxazeTis omi imitomac daiwyo,

rom qarTvelebs Soris dapirispireba

grZeldeboda?

es omi yvelas awyobda. zviadistebi

fiqroben, rom SevardnaZes daasamareben,

SevardnaZes imedi aqvs, rom afxazeTis

sakiTxs sabolood gadawyvets,

afxazebs ki rusebi agulianeben da

imedi aqvT, rom gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi,

damoukideblobas moipoveben.

rodesac SevardnaZis kabinetSi am

omis dawyebis Sesaxeb msjelobdnen,

man Tqva, rom jaris Seyvana arZinbas-

Tan unda SeTanxmdes. mas Tavad daelaparaka

da Tanxmobasc miiRo, rom,

rkinigzis gakontrolebis mizniT,

afxazeTSi jari Sevidoda.

cxeli Sokoladi 101


gagrZeleba

ar fiqrob, rom am omis dawyebis pasu-

xismgebloba sabolood mainc qarTvelebzea?

me vfiqrob, rom afxazebze isevea,

rogorc qarTvelebze. afxazebs rom

moendomebinaT, es omi ar iqneboda.

saqarTvelos jari rodesac soxumSi

Sedis, es gadaRebulia, sigua arZinbas

eZebs, magram ver poulobs. arZinba

jer daimala da mere omis dawyebis Sesaxeb

gasca brZaneba.

arZinba rom winaaRmdegi yofiliyo,

fiqrob, rom SevardnaZe jars ar

Seiyvanda?

SeiZleba ar Seeyvana an jari rkinigzas

gayveboda da zviadistebs

daupirispirdeboda. afxazebi Segnebulad

wavidnen qarTvelebTan omze,

maSin gamsaxurdias da arZinbas interesebi

erTmaneTs daemTxva. pirveli

tyvia roca gavarda da qarTvelebma

da afxazebma erTmaneTs esroles,

gamsaxurdias pirveli mowodeba iyo:

davdgeT mcirericxovani afxazi xalxis

gverdiT, gadavarCinoT afxazebi

genocidisgano. es aris im adamianis

mowodeba, romelic manamde ambobda, _

afxazebi rogorc eri ar arsebobso.

ai, ase transformirda misi damokidebuleba,

mxolod imitom, rom gamsaxurdiasTvis

afxazeTSi SevardnaZis

gamarjveba mis dasamarebas niSnavda.

pirveli, rac gaakeTes gamsaxurdias

momxreebma, omis dawyebis Semdeg gudauTaSi

Cavidnen da molaparakebebi

daiwyes. uzenaesi sabWos wevrma jemal

gamaxariam afxazeTis televizias

interviu misca da wamyvanis kiTxvaze

_ gaerTiandebian Tu ara qarTvelebi

afxazebis winaaRmdeg _ upasuxa: `Cven

SevardnaZesTan arasdros gaverTiandebiT~.

qobalia dResac irwmuneba,

rom afxazebi Tanaxma iyvnen, gamsaxurdias

momxreebi afxazeTSi SeeSvaT,

rogorc samSvidobo Zala. ramdenad

daujerebeli rameebi xdeboda, ara?

am dapirispirebam Tavidanve gagvwira

damarcxebisTvis.

aq Zalian mniSvnelovania ruseTis

rolic, axla ukve elcini iTxovs yofili

sabWoTa respublikebisgan `esengeSi~

Sesvlas.

102 cxeli Sokoladi

2 seqtembers, roca droebiT Sewyda

afxazeTis omi, SevardnaZem arZinbas

yvelaferze, rac undoda, xeli moawerina,

maT Soris _ ganiaraRebaze.

maSin es SevardnaZis seriozul gamarjvebad

CaiTvala. Semdeg erTi Tve

elodebodnen rusebi, rom sanacvlod

is `esengeSi~ Sesvlaze xels moawerda,

magram es imdenad arapopularuli nabiji

iyo, rom SevardnaZem ver gabeda

amis gakeTeba. `esengeTi~ TamaSi saqar-

Tvelos Zalian Zvirad, afxazeTis fasad

daujda.

hqondaT Tu ara Sansi qarTvelebs, ar

daewyoT es omi?

Cemi azriT, hqondaT. SevardnaZe

axla ambobs, rom Secdoma iyo am omis

dawyeba. `me davuSvi Secdoma, rodesac

afxazeTSi piradad ar Cavedi da

ar Sevxvdi arZinbas~, _ ambobs is.

jari rom Sevida soxumSi, afxazuri

droSa Camoxsnes. kitovanma wamoiRo

es droSa da ferxTiT daugdo SevardnaZes,

viTom didma sardalma imperators

nadavli miarTva.

Cven afxazebs ar ganvixilavdiT

saqarTvelos moqalaqeebad, Cven

ubralod unda Semogvemtkicebina es

kuTxe. aseTi midgoma iyo da politikosebTan

erTad am ganwyobas mosaxleobac

iziarebda.

rodis gawyda sabolood qarTvelebsa

da afxazebs Soris damakavSirebeli

Zafi? rodis dadga momenti, roca ukan

dasaxevi gza aRar darCa?

omis Semdegac iyo ukan dasaxevi

gza. arZinba xels awerda saerTo saxelmwifos

Seqmnas saqarTvelosTan

da Tanaxma iyo devnilebis dabrunebaze.

primakovma is TbilisSi Camoiyvana,

SevardnaZesTan 10 Tu 12-saaTiani

Sexvedra hqondaT. ar vici, ramdenad

Sesruldeboda es SeTanxmeba, magram

amaze ukve SevardnaZem Tqva uari. mas

erTiani saxelmwifo undoda, da ara

afxazebisa da qarTvelebis mier er-

Tad Seqmnili saxelmwifo.

ratom awerda amaze xels arZinba?

molaparakebebi grZeldeboda, rodesac

ruseTs problemebi eqmneboda

Crdilo kavkasiaSi, maSin Cveni ur-

TierTobebi Tbeboda da isini afxazebze

zewolas aZlierebdnen... erTi

sityviT, gveTamaSebodnen...

ruseT-CeCneTis meore omis dros

ukve prezidenti putini sTxovda

SevardnaZes, rom saqarTvelos mxridan

jaris Seyvanis saSualeba miecaT

qarTvelebs, amis sanacvlod,

soxumamde teritorias gvaZlevdnen

erT dReSi, zustad erT dReSi mogcemTo...

SevardnaZe ar endo maSin rusebs,

ifiqra, rom kidev moatyuebdnen... an

kidev ar gawira CeCnebi, ar vici, ra

moxda. amaze gabrazebulma rusebma ma-

Sin daiwyes pirvelad afxazebisaTvis

pasportebis darigeba...

rom davubrundeT 90-iani wlebis dasawyiss,

maSin Cven Tbilissa da samegreloSi

erTmaneTs vxocavdiT da afxazebisTvis

ra unda SegveTavazebina, ratom

unda vyofiliyaviT maTTvis mimzidveli

da saintereso?

Cven Soris uTanxmoeba SeiZleba

didi xnis manZilze yofiliyo davis

sagani, magram amas omi ar mohyoloda.

arc Cven da arc afxazebs ar aRmogvaCnda

imuniteti. orive mxarem

davuSviT didi Secdoma da yvelaferi

gavafuWeT. es rogorc qarTuli, ise

afxazuri politikuri elitis Secdomis

Sedegi iyo, rogorc daingra danarCeni

saqarTvelo, ise daingra afxazeTic.

dasavleTi am dros gvarwmunebda, _

mTavaria, ruseTTan gamonaxeT saer-

To enao. `elcini xeliT gviWiravs da

meore xeliT TavSi ver CavartyamTo~,

_ eubnebian saqarTvelos xelisuflebas,

romelic daxmarebas iTxovs.

ruseTi amiT kargad sargeblobda da

Cvenc Cveni bedovlaTobiT amis saSualebas

vaZlevdiT. didi Zalisxmevac

ar sWirdebodaT, iaraRs arigebdnen

mxolod.

afxazeTSi omis dawyebis win, saqarTvelos

Tavdacvis saministros

axalcixis divizia da diviziis mTeli

SeiaraReba gadasces. tankebi, qvemexebi,

tyvia-wamali iqidan pirdapir afxazeTSi

wavida.


afxazeTis omis tragedia raSi iyo?

saxelmwifoebrivi tragizmi raSi Cans?

am omma daamtkica, rom saqarTvelo,

rogorc saxelmwifo, ar arsebobda, es

iyo brZola dapirispirebul politikur

banakebs Soris. afxazeTis omSi

vinc gaimarjvebda, is iqneboda legitimuri.

am oms erTnairad Seewiren

qarTvelebic, afxazebic da saqarTvelos

teritoriebic. saxelmwifoebrivi

azrovneba da qveynis momavali politikosebis

ambiciebs gadayva.

am oms raRac raundebi hqonda, ara?

rogor eqcevian qarTvelebi am omSi

erTmaneTs?

SevardnaZe kargavs soxums imitom,

rom mas ebrZvis gamsaxurdia, amis Semdeg

gamsaxurdia kargavs danarCen

afxazeTs imitom, rom mas mxars ar

uWers SevardnaZe.

gamsaxurdias da SevardnaZis mebr-

Zolebs yvelaze metad zurgSi erTmaneTis

tyviis moxvedris eSinodaT. am

dros yvela viTom soxumSi midioda

da sinamdvileSi iq aravin Casula.

soxumis ukanaskneli dReebi lakmusis

qaRaldia. kargad Cans, ra eri, ra

sazogadoeba, ra saxelmwifo viyaviT.

Cven ar viyaviT gamarjvebis Rirsi.

SevardnaZes rom soxumi gadaerCina,

es iyo gamsaxurdias politikuri

sikvdili da Tu gamsaxurdia gadaar-

Cenda danarCen afxazeTs, es iqneboda

SevardnaZis politikuri sikvdili.

erTis ukan naxevari saqarTvelo

idga, meore naxevari ki meores ukan.

Cven, gulubryvilo adamianebs ki gvegona,

rom kritikul momentSi gaver-

TiandebodiT, aRmoCnda, rom aseT

kritikul momentSi SevardnaZe da gamsaxurdia,

maTi momxreebi kidev ufro

didi mtrebi gaxdnen.

soxumSi darCenilebis bedi aravis

adardebda, afxazebs rom mtrebad

vTvlidiT, gasagebia, magram soxumis

qarTveli mosaxleoba, es xalxi gawires?

gawires. 200 aTasi adamiani iyo

alyaSi, rodesac soxumis Sturmi

daiwyo. es xalxi fexebze ekidaT, im

wuTSi gamsaxurdias da SevardnaZis

bedi wydeboda. SevardnaZem Tavisi

bolo koziri, `sng~ arc soxumis, arc

gagris, arc oCamCiris gadarCenisTvis

ar gamoiyena, aramed gamoiyena maSin,

rodesac mis Zalauflebas realuri

safrTxe daemuqra da zvidistebi

quTaisTan mividnen. ai, maSin Sevida

saqarTvelo `sng~-Si. sanacvlod, rusebis

samxedro mxardaWera miiRo da

admiral baltinis flotis desanti

foTSi.

es faqtobrivad samoqalaqo omis dasasruls

niSnavda?

diax, zviadistebi mixvdnen, rom

ruseTma SevardnaZe airCia da aRarc

ubrZoliaT. 1993 wlis 7 noembers samTavrobo

jarebi zugdidSi Sevidnen.

pirvel `beteerSi~ vaxtang goguaZe

ijda, meoreSi _ avTo margiani, zed

saqarTvelos droSa frialebda. qalaqi

iyo mkvdari, maSin zugdidi kidev

erTxel da sabolood gaiZarcva.

gamsaxurdia afxazeTSi gaiqca,

afxazebma is Tavisi momxreebiT mii-

Res, Tumca mosTxoves, rom afxazeTis

damoukideblobisTvis moewera xeli.

gamsaxurdia maSin mixvda, rom Zalian

cudad gamoiyenes. man es aRar gaakeTa,

ris gamoc gamoagdes afxazeTidan da

iZulebuli gaxda, maRalmTian samegrelos

tyeebSi damaluliyo, didxans

ixetiala da bolos Tavi moikla. sa-

Sinel apaTiaSi iyo. yvela Semoecala

da mxolod 3 adamianTan erTad darCa.

ojaxebi ukve mis miRebaze uars ambobdnen,

eSinodaT...

mokled, afxazeTis omis ganmavlobaSi

yvela mainc imaze fiqrobda, visi

sikvdiliT da damarcxebiT damTavrdeboda

es omi _ gamsaxurdiasi Tu SevardnaZis.

saboloo jamSi afxazeTis

omi orives damarcxebiT damTavrda.

magram SevardnaZem xelisuflebis SenarCuneba

moaxerxa. cota xniT adre

elcini mas sTavazobda, _ modi, gavyoT

saqarTvelo da dasavleTSi iyos

gamsaxurdia, aRmosavleTSi ki Sen iyavio.

sabednierod, maSin saqarTvelo

amas gadaurCa.

rogor SevZeliT cxovrebis gagrZeleba

am damangreveli omebis Semdeg?

gagrZeleba

saqarTvelo saSineli depresiuli

xdeba. afxazeTi dakargulia, asiaTasobiT

devnilia, romlebsac qveyana

ver uvlis. arc saWmelia, arc sasmeli,

arc sacxovrebeli. saqarTvelo sruli

bankrotia.

ai, es miiRo saqarTvelom SevardnaZis

CamosvliT. ar gamarTlda arc

erTi imedi, rasac qarTveli xalxi

masze amyarebda.

omis Semdeg SevardnaZes xels aRar

aZlevs samxedro mmarTveloba. gamsaxurdia

moklulia, afxazeTis omi

da samoqalaqo omic damTavrebuli.

da iwyebs politikuri dasayrdenis

momzadebas. omis dros sigua da kitovani

gadaayena. jaba isev Zalian

Zlieri figuraa. samoqalaqo omSi

yvelaferi mxedrionis kiserze gadavida.

Tuki afxazeTis omamde ruseTis

mTavari amocana iyo, rom saqarTvelo

ruseTze ufro susti qveyana yofiliyo,

afxazeTis omis dasrulebis

Semdeg faqtobrivad rusebi iwyeben

saqarTvelos mTavrobis daniSvnas.

SevardnaZes im momentSi arafris Secvla

ar SeuZlia. Cveni bedi isev

vake-saburTalos gadasasvlelze

wydeba. uSiSroebis ministri igor

giorgaZe, Sinagan saqmeTa ministri

SoTa kviraia, amas mohyva mogvianebiT

Tavdacvis ministrad vardiko

nadibaiZis daniSvnac. yvela Zalovan

ministrs Tavidan bolomde ruseTi

akontrolebda. parlamentis spikeri

vaxtang goguaZe sul moskovSi

ijda, imitom ki ara, rom agenti iyo,

mas gulwrfelad sjeroda, rom saqarTvelos

xsna mxolod da mxolod

moskovze gadioda.

ase daiwyo axali cxovreba. SevardnaZe

Tavis politikur dasayrdens

moqalaqeTa kavSirSi xedavda, Tumca

giorgi Wanturia, romelic opozicia-

Si iyo, SevardnaZesTan farul molaparakebebs

awarmoebda da mas arwmunebda,

rom dasayrdeni masSi daenaxa.

Wanturia iTxovs, rom SevardnaZem Tavisi

ministrebi gauSvas da mTavroba

edepem daakompleqtos. is axalgazrda

iyo, Zlieri politikuri organizacia

hqonda, arsad ar eCqareboda, Sevard-

cxeli Sokoladi 103


gagrZeleba

naZis prezidentobis vadis amowurvamde

dacdac SeeZlo.

mxedrioni, rusebis mier daniSnuli

Zalovani ministrebi, moqalaqeTa

kavSiri _ SevardnaZes yvela gverdze

unda gaewia da gia Wanturias imedad

yofiliyo. SevardnaZe amas ar da ver

izamda, Tumca Wanturias Tavi dauqnia

da daTanxmda. misi Tanxmoba ki

imas niSnavda, rom Wanturia unda

momkvdariyo. mas gadarCenis Sansi

aRar hqonda, Wanturiam Zalian iCqara

da yvelas erTdroulad daupirispirda.

hqonda Tu ara Wanturias imis potenciali,

rom qveynis bedi sxvanairad

waeyvana, ra politikuri miznebi amo-

Zravebda?

gia Wanturia, rogorc ki xelisuflebaSi

movidoda, yvelas Tavebs

daayrevinebda. ar vici, qveynisTvis

rogori iqneboda, magram misi mtrebi

amas kargad xedavdnen da, pirveli

visac Tavi gaagdebines, es Tavad gia

Wanturia iyo.

erTaderTi Zlieri politikuri

organizacia mas hyavda, Tanac kargi

SeiaraRebac hqonda. magram maSin politikosebs

da politikur partiebs

aravin gaaxarebda. maSin avtomatis da

gangsterebis dro iyo.

Wanturias mkvlelobas sxva gaxmaurebuli

mkvlelobebic mohyva, rogorc

Sen ambob, saqarTvelo gangsteruli

qveyana gaxda. hqonda Tu ara am

mkvlelobebis umravlesobas politikuri

sababi da kavSirSia Tu ara isini

erTmaneTTan?

im dros Cven kanonebi aRar gvqonda

_ arc sabWoTa kavSiris da arc damoukidebeli

saqarTvelosi, es iyo

mgluri kanonebis xana. adamianebi

klavdnen erTmaneTs, da es iyo martivi

da erTaderTi gamosavali.

am mkvlelobebis fonze ki SevardnaZe

Zalauflebas TandaTan imyarebda.

misi mTavari metoqeebi absoluturi

Zalauflebis gzaze mainc igor

giorgaZe da jaba ioseliani iyvnen.

rusebi SevardnaZes ar endobodnen

da alternativasac amzadebdnen _ es

104 cxeli Sokoladi

alternativa igor giorgaZe iyo. mas

rusebma yvelaze brZolisunariani

qvedanayofebi Seuqmnes. avtoritetic

mzardi hqonda. amas SevardnaZe

kargad xedavda.

rodesac giorgaZe moskovSi Cadis,

is saqarTveloSi veRar brundeba.

vaJa lorTqifaniZe, maSindeli saqarTvelos

elCi moskovSi, Tavad

hyveba, rogor mivida igor giorga-

Ze masTan, da SevardnaZes SeuTvala,

rom Semodgomaze TbilisSi Cavidoda

da arCevnebSi daexmareboda. 95 wlis

zafxulia, saparlamento da saprezidento

arCevnebi SemodgomisTvisaa

daniSnuli. es rom vaJa lorTqifaniZem

SevardnaZes gadasca, man upasuxa:

jer mand iyos, ar Camovideso.

giorgaZe ministrad iTvleba, magram

SevardnaZe TbilisSi ar uSvebs... moqalaqeTa

kavSiri Zlierdeba da mxedrioni

nel-nela sustdeba. `jabas

biWebze~ ukve nadirobaa dawyebuli,

mxedrions Sinagan saqmeTa ministri

SoTa kviraia aviwrovebs. SevardnaZem

jaba ioseliansac SeuTvala, rom politikidan

wasuliyo. maT Soris yvela

xidi sabolood Caingra, mtrebi

gaxdnen.

saparlamento arCevnebSi SevardnaZe

moqalaqeTa kavSiris gayvanas

apirebs. qveynis konstitucia TiTqmis

ukve mzadaa xelmosawerad. anu

saxelmwifom raRac elementaruli

funqciebi unda SeiZinos. ra Tqma

unda, es bevrs xels ar aZlevs... mokled,

SevardnaZe unda mokvdes.

gia WanturiaTi daiwyes da saxelmwifos

meTauriT daasrules. rodesac

29 agvistos SevardnaZe konstituciaze

xelis mosawerad midis, mas

manqanaSi afeTqeben. es uSiSroebis da

mxedrionis operacia iyo.

SevardnaZem Tavisi sicocxlis fasad

raRacis gadarCena SeZlo. mas

esmoda konstituciis mniSvneloba da

yvelaferze wavida am dokumentis misaRebad.

jaba ioselianis daWeris Semdeg

SevardnaZe erTpirovnuli mmar-

Tveli xdeba.

parlamentSi ki modis axalgazrda

Taoba, romelic sxvanairad fiqrobs,

da romelic avad Tu kargad

dResac Cveni qveynis xelisufleba-

Sia.

sazogadoebaSi odnavi optimizmi

Cndeba.

konstitucia, baqo-jeihanis milsadeni

da dasavleTis strategiuli

interesebis sferoSi moqceva, laris

SemoReba, ruseTis samxedro bazebis

gayvanaze xelSekrulebis mowera, es

SevardnaZis proeqtebia. 96-97 wlebSi

SevardnaZe absoluturi mmarTvelia

da mas reformebis dawyeba SeuZlia,

Tumca, amis sanacvlod, man iseTi

xalxi Semoikriba, romelic totalur

korufciaSia CarTuli, qveyanac

isev ukan-ukan iwyebs svlas da WaobSi

efloba.

ratom ar fasdeboda qarTveli politikosebis

gadawyvetilebebi vardebis

revoluciamde, cxadia, magram ratom

ar moxda es 2003 wlis mere, ratom

aravin daisaja Cadenili danaSaulebebisTvis?

politikuri kompromisia. Zveli

TeTreulis qeqva aRar moindomes. wesiT,

SevardnaZe unda gasamarTldes,

iseve, rogorc unda Sefasdes gamsaxurdias

mier Cadenili danaSaulic.

ra SegveZlo Segveqmna am 20 wlis

ganmavlobaSi da ra Secdomebi davuSviT

iseTi, ris gamosworebis Sansic

SeiZleba aRarc arasdros gvqondes?

yvelaferi gamsaxurdias damxobiT,

an ufro sworad gamsaxurdias ar-

CeviT daiwyo. Cven ar vicodiT, ras

virCevdiT; maT ki, vinc avirCieT, ar

icodnen, saiT unda waeyvanaT qveyana.

mTeli es wlebi Cven mivdiodiT

arsaiT, saSineli ngreviT da patara

gamonaTebebiT. unda vaRiaroT, rom

drois absoluturi umravlesoba

fuWad davkargeT.

mTeli Cveni erovnuli moZraoba

da TavisuflebisTvis brZola imiT

sruldeba, rom 1995 wels damoukidebeli

saqarTvelos prezidentis

postisTvis erTmaneTs ori komunisti

_ eduard SevardnaZe da jumber

patiaSvili upirispirdeba, da orive

lideri damoukidebeli saqarTvelos

momavalze laparakobs.


arseni roginski:

ruseTSi ar arsebobs politikuri sivrce


gagrZeleba

qmnes organizacia, dRemde yvelani aq

agrZeleben moRvaweobas. ratom moxda

ase? imitom, rom es idea: istoriuli

mexsierebisa da adamianis uflebebis

Serwyma sakmaod sicocxlisunariani

aRmoCnda, da meore _ Cven SevZeliT

struqtura Segveqmna. rusi inteligenciis

cxovreba mainc araformaluria

da ZiriTadad pirad megobrobazea

damyarebuli. Cven ki SevqmeniT organizacia,

romelic wesdebas efuZneba da

magaliTad me, gamgeobis wevrs sakmaod

mzRudavs es wesdeba. vTqvaT, roca

raime gancxadebis gakeTeba gvinda, Tu

ar gaiara gamgeobaze kenWisyra, ise ar

vuSvebT, amasobaSi ki xSirad ramdenime

dRe gvekargeba. magram miuxedavad imisa,

rom mTavari proceduraa, „memorialSi“

aranakleb rols TamaSobs mis

wevrebs Soris piradi megobroba.

rogoria politikuri cxovreba ruseTSi?

ruseTSi, ubralod, ar arsebobs

politikuri cxovreba. bolo sociologiuri

kvlevebiT, putinis reitingi

daeca da is 75 procentia, medvedevisa

ki _ 68 procenti. asea erTwliani

mZime krizisis Semdeg. am ricxvebis

mixedviT xom SegiZliaT warmoidginoT,

ra xdeba ruseTSi? yvela opozi-

ciuri partia damarcxda an gauqmda.

memarjvene ZalTa kavSiri daiSala.

„iablokomac“ unda gadawyvitos, ra

qnas, daiSalos Tu gaagrZelos arseboba.

albaT ar daiSlebian, magram

cxadia, rom axlo perspeqtivaSi politikuri

warmatebis realuri Sansebi

maT ar aqvT. amas ramdenime mizezi

aqvs: ruseTSi saSinlad drakonuli

saarCevno kanonebia, partiebs akrZaluli

aqvT dafinanseba miiRon ucxoeTidan.

ruseTSi ki mTeli biznesi

xelisuflebasTanaa asocirebuli da

xelisuflebazea damokidebuli. Tuki

romelime biznesmeni gabedavs da opoziciur

politikur partias daafinansebs,

Zalian seriozuli problemebi

Seeqmneba. axla ar davasaxeleb, magram

ruseTSi arseboben biznesmenebi, romlebsac

namdvilad undaT winasaarCevnod

daafinanson partiebi, magram ver

bedaven. amas garda, problemebia TviT

partiebSic _ maT cudad aqvT formulirebuli

sakuTari identoba, sanam

parlamentSi iyvnen, Zalian bevri Secdoma

dauSves da popularoba dakarges.

vici, rogorc muSaoben evropeli

politikosebi, sakmaod axlos vicnob

ramdenime germanuli partiis muSaobis

princips. germaniaSi axlaxan damTavrda

arCevnebi da isini ukve momavali

interviu jeimz qarTerTan

106 cxeli Sokoladi

arCevnebisTvis emzadebian, swavloben

mosaxleobis ganwyobebs, mudmivad mu-

Saoben sakuTar Tavze. Tanac, rusuli

kanonmdebloba opoziciur partiebs

ar aZlevs normaluri funqcionirebis

saSualebas. partias, romelsac aqvs 3

procenti, unda hyavdes warmomadgenloba

parlamentSi, imitom rom ruse-

Tis mosaxleobis 3 procenti sami milioni

adamiania. ruseTSi politikuri

brZolisTvis sivrce namdvilad ar

arsebobs da aseT dros opoziciuri

politikuri partiebis rols garkveulwilad

sazogadoebrivi organizaciebi

iReben sakuTar Tavze, maT Soris

_ „memorialic“. Cven es arc gvinda,

arc gvainteresebs politika da arc

viciT. xSirad gvekiTxebian, _ ratom

ar ayalibebT partiaso. arada, Cven

maSinve daviRupebiT, imitom rom es

Cveni saqme namdvilad ar aris. Tumca,

mosaxleobis raRac nawili swored am

mxares, politikis mxares aRgviqvams.

dRevandeli xelisufleba, ra Tqma

unda, xvdeba, rom Cven sustebi varT,

da namdvilad ar varT Zlierebi. magram

imis gamo, rom mimdinare ambebze

sul vrefleqsirebT, sul vfiqrobT

da vmoqmedebT, bevr politikur partiaze

ufro Zlierebi vCanvarT. es ki

cota sasaciloa.


ve, rogorc xarisxianad xarjav dros

ojaxis wevrebTan. anu, erTs Caberav

Tu ara, is geubneba, _ Seni dabali

tonebi formaSi veraa, amitomac midi,

ufro meti waivarjiSe. me Tu es ar gavakeTe,

adamianebs im musikas ver movasmenineb,

rac Cemgan modis. saqsofoni

aucileblad `gamcems~, moumzadebeli

rom var....

`santa klausi tenor saqsofonze da

bas klarnetze!~ _ ase wargadginaT 1988

wels, Tqven pirvel koncertze lesTer

bouim. im dRes Tqven TaviT fexebamde

wiTlebSi iyaviT gamowyobili. ra roli

iTamaSa lesTer bouim imaSi, rom Tqven

ufro Rrmad aRgeqvaT musika?

amaze ubralo pasuxi maqvs _ swored

man Camiyvana pirvelad niu iorkSi. ra

Tqma unda, adrec viyavi namyofi iq,

biZaCemTan, magram bouis meSveobiT

pirvelad davukari niu iorkSi. is istoria,

Tqven rom ixsenebT, 31 maiss

moxda detroitis xelovnebis muzeumSi.

me bolo mementSi damamates im

koncerts. lesTers moewona Cemi bgera,

me ki wamdauwum vumeorebdi, _ ra

magari xar meTqi! man miTxra, rom axali

bendis Seqmnaze fiqrobda da Cemi

koordinatebi Caiwera. momdevno wlis

noemberSi ki damireka da niu iorkSi

Casvla mTxova. mSoblebis darwmuneba

momiwia, rom gaveSviT; im dros mxolod

19 wlis viyavi. gamiSves. les-

Teri im dros bruqlinSi, uoSingTon

aveniuze cxovrobda da erTi kviriT

niu-iorkSi Casulma detroitelma

biWma pirvelad vigeme bruqlinuri

cxovrebis gemo. biZaCemi im dros

manheTenze cxovrobda. misi naxvac

movaxerxe. swored man mayidina Cemi

pirveli namdvili instrumenti, Salmer

Mark IV. misi megobrisgan viyideT.

biZaCemi Zalian kmayofli iyo imiT,

rom musikas seriozulad vudgebodi

da amitomac kidev erTxel damabruna

niu iorkSi. siamovnebda Cemi smena.

mokled, lesTers rom davubrundeT,

me mis axal bendSi daviwye dakvra. saocrad

mravalmxrivi musikosi da adamiani

iyo, ara? mis bendebSi sruliad

gansxvavebuli musikosebi ukravdnen.

Cven bendSi basze sisil maqbi ukravda,

dramze _ aw gardacvlili filip uilsoni,

fortepianoze _ donald smiTi,

me da lesTeri ki Casaberebze. es bendi

SemdgomSi New York Organ Ensemble-is

saxelwodebiT cnobili bendis bir-

Tvi iyo. iq ukve amina klod maiersi

ukravda orRanze, jan-pol boreli _

gitaraze, don moie _ dramze da, rac

mTavaria, sTiv ture, frenq leisi da

julian frisTeri _ Casaberebze. sxva-

Ta Soris, 1989 wels filip uilson-

Tan erTad senT-luisSi hiti gvaqvs

Cawerili. swored im dros gavicani

julius hemfili da maSin iyo koncertebze

viRac maRali, xmel-xmeli

kaci rom SevniSne. saqsofonisti rom

iyo, mxarze gadakidebuli CasadebiT

mivxvdi. ubralod modioda da gvismenda.

xma ar amouRia arc erTxel.

lesTers vkiTxe, _ vinaa es kaci meTqi.

man ki momigo, _ frenq louao! kinaRam

gadavirie! frenq lou! mivvardi da

lamis siyvarulis axsna davuwye. ase

daiwyo Cveni TanamSromloba. mokled,

yvelaferi es Cem cxovrebaSi lesTeris

meSveobiT moxda da swored mas-

Tan erTad iaponur DIW-ze Cawerilma

albomebma mimiyvana Cem sadebiuto

albomamde JC on the Set. iciT, kidev ra

viswavle lesTerisgan? moqniloba. man

wamaxalisa sxvadasxva instrumentze

rom damekra da sxvadasxva, gansxvavebuli

saxis bendebTan memuSava. am

tipis moqniloba saSualebas gaZlevs,

gansxvavebul musikalur situaciebs

moergo. magaliTad, aris SemTxvevebi,

rodesac minda, rom ufro ekonomiuri

viyo da amitomac Cem Organ TriosTan

mivdivar turneSi; an, rodesac

saWirod miviCnev, maSin dRevandeli

bendis formatiT vmogzaurob, romelic

Present Tense-ze momuSave bendis

momcro formatia, septetidan kvintetze.

an kidev, e.w. `boSur bendTan~

vmogzaurob xolme; sxvaTa Soris, am

bendTan jango reinhardtis 100 wlis-

Tavze davukravT. aseTi moqniloba

gonebagaxsnils gtovebs. World Saxophone

Quartet-is wevrebs (World Saxophone

Quartet-is originaluri wevrebi

dawyebuli 1977 wlidan iyvnen devid

mari, oliver leiqi, hemieT blueTi da

julius hemfili. hemfilis bendidan

gagrZeleba

wasvlis Semdeg iq bevri sxva saqsofonisti

ukravda. dRes bendis meoTxe wevri

Toni qofia k.T) sakuTari damoukidebeli

proeqtebidan axali energia

da vibraciebi moaqvT bendSi.

sul erTi wuTiT naklebad Tavmdabali

Tu gaxdebiT, rogor fiqrobT, ra axali

arCevanis Semateba moaxerxeT idiomisTvis?

ver vityodi, rom es aucileblad

axalia, magram mgonia, rom mTavari

mainc Tavisuflad darCenis SesaZleblobaa.

Tqven bevri didi musikosisgan gsmeniaT

komplimenti dawyebuli lesTer

bouiT da dasrulebuli sisil TeiloriT.

Tavad Tu gaimetebdiT keTil sityvebs

im damwyebi musikosebis mimarT,

visac SeiZleba Cven jer ar vicnobdeT?

pirveli, vinc TavSi momdis jei-di

alenia, detroiteli saqsofonisti,

romelic axla niu iorkSi cxovrobs.

kidev erTi detroiteli musikosi maxsendeba,

rafaeli hqvia, gvari ar maxsovs.

albaT mxolod am orze SevCerdebi...

da bolos, es Tqveni pirveli koncerti

iqneba TbilisSi. ras eliT dRevandeli

saRamosgan?

musikis karg saRamos. dRevandeli

koncerti ori nawilisgan Sedgeba _

Cemi da markus mileris bendi. igive iyo

wlevandel `fleibois~ jaz kruizze.

marTla mouTmenlad veli dRevandel

saRamos. da iciT kidev raze vocnebob?

_ markusi da me, Cven orive bas klarnetze

vukravT da, ukve ramdenime Tvea,

vsaubrobT SesaZleblobaze, rom erTad

CavweroT albomi _ me, markusma da beni

mofinma; samive bas klarnetze davukravT.

vnaxoT... ho, saintereso musikaluri

saRamo iqneba dRes. Cven didebuli

adamianebi dagvxvdnen aeroportSi;

sxvaTa Soris, ukve karga xania, aeroportebSi

amdeni Jurnalisti erTad

ar minaxavs, mikrofonebs rom giSveren

da SekiTxvebs gisvamen... manqanaSi, sastumrosken

rom mivdiodiT, saintereso

interviu mqonda. mokled, jerjerobiT

yvelaferi kargad midis!

cxeli Sokoladi 107


gagrZeleba

qarTuli kinoindustriis problemebi


nia. CamoTvlili kinoTeatrebidan regularulad

mxolod 10 funqcionirebs. 1992

wels Tbilisis kinoTeatrebi qalaqis municipalitets

miekuTvna, xolo 1994 wels

qveyanaSi arsebuli yvela kinoTeatri

mflobelobaSi gadaeca saaqcio sazogadoeba

„qarTul films“. amis Semdeg saaqcio

sazogadoebis mier zogi kinoTeatri

gaiyida (maT Soris 1909 wels aSenebuli

Tbilisis „apolo“!!!), zogi aRar arsebobs,

zogic gaqiravda, nawilSi dRes restornebi

da sabanketo darbazebia gaxsnili, sxvagan

kidev ra...

kinocentris kinoeqsportis mimarTulebis

TanamSromeli da damoukidebeli

kinoprodiuseri ana ZiapSipa: „kinoTeatrebi

salaroebis Semosavlebs sajarod

ar xsnian. Sesabamisad Zalian rTuli, Ti-

Tqmis SeuZlebelia daiTvalo Tu ra mogebas

iRebs gaqiravebaSi myofi filmi. amis

gamo, ucxoeli patrniorebis ndobac, romlebsac

Tana-prodiuserobis saxiT filmSi

fulis Cadeba surT, iklebs. imitom, rom

mayureblis daswrebis monacemebi misTvisac

xelmiuwvdomeli iyo, reJisori soso

jaWvliani Tavisi filmis seansze („svani“)

kinoTeatrSi Sesul TiToeul mayurebels

iTvlida. is yoveldRe dadioda an agzavnida

warmomadgenels mayureblis raodenobis

Sesamowmeblad“. kinoTeatrebs

ar aqvT ufleba, ar gascen msgavsi tipis

informacia.

filmis gayidvis kidev erTi saSualeba

televiziaa. sazogadoebrivi mauwyebeli

erTi srulmetraJiani filmis Cvenebis-

Tvis avtorebs 300 lars uxdis. es Tanxa

cotaTi metia srulmetraJiani filmis-

Tvis saWiro kasetisTvis, romelzec televiziaSi

mitanamde avtorma filmi unda

Caweros.

arc sazogadoebrivi mauwyeblisTvis da

arc kerZo telekompaniebisTvis filmwarmoebis

procesSi CarTva ar aris aqtualuri

sakiTxi. bolo wlebSi televiziebis

sakuTari produqcia teleserialebiT da

im dokumenturi filmebis warmoebiT Semoifargleboda,

romelTa avtorebi amave

arxebis Jurnalistebi arian. am mxriv gamonakliss

warmoadgens telekompania `imedis~

CarTva gia aglaZis proeqtSi „gogona

slaididan“ (2009), `rusTavi 2~-is „rac

yvelaze Zalian giyvars“ (pirveli filmi

2008, meore filmi 2009). `rusTavi 2~ da

telekompania „imedi“ aseve dainteresebulebi

arian daviT imedaSvilis proeqtiT

„ocnebis qalaqi“, romelic warmoebis

procesSi imyofeba. orive kompania films

teqnikuri saSualebebiT exmareba da

satelevizio eTeriT filmis gavrcelebasac

uzrunvelyofs. filmebs, romlebsac

uWirT farTo mayureblis mopoveba, saqme

kidev ufro rTulad aqvT. ana ZiapSipas

TqmiT, Tuki raime saxis interesi arakomerciuli

filmebis mimarT adre yofila,

es iyo piradi nacnobobis da kerZo iniciativis

Sedegi. Sesabamisad, aq ar gvaqvs regulirebuli

meqanizmi. saqarTveloSi ar

arsebobs winaswari gayidvebis cnebac, romelic

evropaSi ase damkvidrebulia. telekompania

filmwarmoebaSi dafinansebiT

Sedis da Semdeg produqts sakuTar sae-

Tero badeSi svams. ana ZiapSipa: „evropaSi

TiTqmis arc erTi dokumenturi filmi ar

sruldeba da ar realizdeba televiziebis

Carevis gareSe. qarTuli telekompaniebi

unda mixvdnen, rom mxolod reJisorebs

da filmis avtorebs ar sWirdebaT

maTi am procesSi CarTva: rom es ormxrivi

interesis sferoa. kargi dokumenturi

produqcia televiziisTvisac Zalian momgebiani

iqneba. unda moxdes am ideis swori

formiT lobireba“. lobireba ki sakmaod

kompleqsuri movlenaa: Tbilisis meaTe saerTaSoriso

kinofestivalze ana ZiapSipam

mis mier organizebul dokumenturi filmebis

wardgenis forumze pirveli arxis

direqtori gia Wanturia dapatiJa. stumari

forums ar ewvia, magram anas mainc

sjera, rom Tuki televiziebi msgavs mipatiJebebze

uars ar ityvian, sakiTxiT aucileblad

dainteresdebian da mixvdebian,

rom saqme interesTa gacvlas exeba da ara

fulis maTxovrobas avtorebis mier.

kinowarmoeba ar arsebobs kinodistribuciis

gareSe. saqarTveloSi prodiuser-

Ta umetesoba fuls im biznesSi debs, romelic

dRes wamgebiania. Tumca, finansebs

rom Tavi davaneboT, „realurad kinos

imitom vakeTebT, rom mayureblamde mivides.

distribucia kinoTeatrebSi, igive

dividize filmis dabeWdva an satelevizio

eTerSi Cveneba swored im adamianebamde

filmis mitanaa, visTvisac avtorebi,

wesiT, kinos unda iRebdnen. problemas

warmoadgens calkeuli prodiuserebisa

da saprodiusero kompaniebis Zalebis Se-

Tanxmebulad gamoyenebis da konsolidaciis

ararseboba. isini unda mixvdnen, rom

erTnairi problemebi eqmnebaT. arasdros

minaxavs maTi erTiani iniciativa da saqmis

gamosworebis mcdeloba. vfiqrob, rom Zalian

mniSvnelovania Zalis konsolidacia

da ideebis lobireba“, _ ana ZiapSipa.

municipaluri kinoTeatri

gagrZeleba

Cven qveyanaSi ar arsebobs sivrce, sa-

dac adamianma SeiZleba kino Seiyvaros, sadac

mayurebels, amerikuli blokbasterebis

garda, sxva filmebis naxvis saSualeba

eqneba. aseTi mdgomareoba gansakuTrebiT

mtkivneulia studentebisa da momavali

profesionalebisTvis. erTaderTi

saSualeba, gaecno Tanamedrove kinoSi

mimdinare procesebs da naxo kinoklasika,

internetia. am mxriv, qarTveli kinos

moyvarulebi namdvili memarcxeneebi

arian. rodesac filmebis naxvis sxva gza

ar gaqvs, filmebis Camowera da sxvisTvis

gaziareba, modur enaze rom vTqvaT, moparvis

codvaSi gayenebs. kinomoyvaruli

da kinoqurdi, gnebavT, kinoyaCaRi dRes

saqarTveloSi sinonimebia. es faqti calsaxad

metyvelebs imaze, Tu ramdenad saWiroa

alternatiuli kinosivrcis arseboba,

iseTisa, rogoric magaliTad, municipaluri

kinoTeatria.

municipaluri kino arakomerciuli,

kulturuli instituciaa. municipalur

(igive komunalur) kinoTeatrebs Ziri-

Tadad qalaqis municipalitetebi afinanseben.

evropaSi, umetes SemTxvevaSi,

municipalur kinoebs aqvT sakuTari, damoukidebeli

kinoTeatrebi. gamomdinare

iqidan, rom municipaluri kinos politika

Zireulad gansxvavdeba komerciulisgan,

is ar warmoadgens mis konkurents. evropaSi

municipaluri kinoebis politikaa

„sxvanairi filmebi vaCvenoT sxvanairad“.

„sxvanair filmebSi“ igulisxmeba: filmebi

ara mxolod dasavluri qveynebidan,

dokumenturi, eqsperimentuli da damoukidebeli

kinoproduqcia, uxmo da moklemetraJiani

filmebi, romelTac distribuciis

problemebi aqvT da komerciul

kinoTeatrebSi ar aCveneben. „sxvanairad

Cveneba“ ki niSnavs filmebis originalurad

Cvenebas: originalis enaze, Sesabamis

formatSi da uxmo filmebis SemTxveva-

Si _ Sesabamisi siCqariT da musikaluri

cxeli Sokoladi 109


gagrZeleba

TanxlebiT. ara ise, rogorc komerciul

kinoTeatrebsa da satelevizio eTerSi

aCveneben: sinqronizirebuli TargmaniTa

da Seusabamo formatiT...

saqarTveloSi municipaluri kinoTeatris

funqcionirebis gamocdileba ar

arsebobs. Tumca, misi saWiroeba aSkaraa,

gansakuTrebiT dRes, rodesac qveyanaSi

sabWoTa warsulidan SemorCenili kino-

Teatrebis umetesi nawili ar funqcionirebs,

xolo is, rac moqmedia, komerciul

kinoze aris orientirebuli. mniSvnelovania

is faqtoric, rom komunaluri kinoebi

kargad dagegmili programirebis Sedegad

filmebs garkveul konteqstSi warmoadgenen:

Tematuri an personaluri retrospeqtivebi,

kinos istoriis periodebis amsaxveli

retrospeqtivebi da a.S. filmebis

programireba erTgvar saganmanaTleblo

xasiaTsac atarebs. evropul sistemaSi

filmebis Cvenebebs Tan axlavs moxsenebebi,

diskusiebi an saleqcio kursebi.

evropaSi municipaluri kino kinofestivalebis

organizebis iniciatoradac

gvevlineba an zogjer Tavadvea kinofestivalebis

organizatori. municipaluri

kinoTeatrebisa da maTi qselis SeqmniT

saqarTveloSi gadawydeba lokaluri da

saerTaSoriso festivalebis yovelwliurad

gamarTvis problemac. cnobilia, Tu

rogor uWirT saqarTveloSi kinofestivalebs

arseboba arakomerciuli darbazebis

ararsebobis gamo. sivrcis saTanado mowyobiT

komunalur kinos SeuZlia maspin-

Zloba gauwios ara mxolod kinoCvenebebsa

da festivalebs, aramed videoartebisa

da musikalur festivalebs, aseve fotoeqspoziciebs.

komunaluri kinodarbazi

SeiZleba iqces auditoriad ara mxolod

kinematografistebis, aramed xelovnebis

sxva dargebis warmomadgenlebisTvis da,

rac mTavaria, mayureblebisTvis.

kinoarqivi

filmis sicocxlisunarianoba misi fi-

zikuri mdgomareobis ganuyofeli nawilia.

filmi, pirvel rigSi, Zalian saTuTi

fizikuri obieqtia, romelic movlas sa-

Wiroebs. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, is swraf

degradacias eqvemdebareba. qveyanas mxolod

maSin aqvs moraluri ufleba, mdidar

kinematografiul kulturaze ilaparakos,

Tuki sakuTari kinomemkvidreobis

110 cxeli Sokoladi

dacvis garantia aqvs da am garantiis

uzrunvelyofas maqsimalurad cdilobs.

Tu ra kriteriumebiT ganisazRvreba

kulturuli memkvidreoba, xangrZlivi

saubris sagania, Tumca cxadia, rom kulturuli

memkvidreobis obieqtad filmis

da xelovnebis nebismieri sxva nawarmoebis

gadaqceva droiT faqtors ar ukavSirdeba.

Sesabamisad, movlasa da patronobas

iseve saWiroebs filmi, romelic saukunis

dasawyisSi gadaiRes, rogorc filmi,

romelic ekranebze gasul TveSi gamovida.

maTi konservaciis pirobebi ki erTmane-

Tisgan mxolod teqnologiuri TvalsazrisiT

gansxvavdeba.

ferad firs aqvs unari, ori Tvis man-

Zilze ise degradirdes, rom sruliad

gamousadegar mdgomareobaSi aRmoCndes.

gamousworeblad savalalo ki is aris,

rom saqarTveloSi saxelmwifos dRemde

ar aqvs an arasworad aqvs gaazrebuli, Tu

ramdenad saTuTia kinofiris buneba da

rom qveynis arqivebSi arsebuli Tu reJisorebis

sawolqveS moTavsebuli absoluturad

yvela filmi yoveldRe 24 saaTis

ganmavlobaSi gafuWebis procesSia.

erovnuli kinematografis ganviTareba

gulisxmobs misi arsebobis SenarCunebas

yvela etapze. aqvs Tu ara filmis Seqmnas

azri maSin, rodesac is imTaviTve gasanadgureblad

aris ganwiruli?

saqarTvelos kulturis, sportisa da

ZeglTa dacvis saministroSi saqarTvelos

kinematografis erovnuli centris

mier „qarTuli kinematografis ganviTarebis

strategiis“ prezentaciis garda,

samomavlo saqmianobis proeqtiT aseve

„qarTuli filmi“ wardga. proeqti kinoarqivis

daarsebasa da filmebis Senaxvis

meTodebs mimoixilavda. „qarTuli filmi“

gegmavs Seqmnas digitaluri sacavi,

rac studiis kinokoleqciis cifrul

formatSi gadatanas gulisxmobs. bevri

adamianisTvis, romelic konservaciis

sakiTxebSi ar erkveva, proeqti SeiZleba

Zalian momxibvleli aRmoCndes. realurad

ki digitaluri sacavis Seqmna pirvel

rigSi saTanado teqnikuri bazis mowyobas

ukavSirdeba, rac did finansebs moiTxovs.

Tumca, evropasa da amerikaSi ar arsebobs

saxelmwifo arqivi, romelic filmebs acifruli

saxiT inaxavdes. digitaluri sacavis

arastabilurobis gamo, is filmebis

konservaciis saSualebas ar warmoadgens.

aramdgradoba Senaxuli masalis mudmiv

migracias moiTxovs. filmebis Senaxvis

yvelaze saimedo gzaa kinofirebis movla

da gafrTxileba. kargad Senaxulma masalam

SeiZleba 500 wels gauZlos.

qarTul kinos uWirs, miuxedavad imisa,

rom ramdenime welia, viTarebas uke-

Tesi piri uCans: weliwadSi minimum or

qarTul films iReben, gaCndnen prodiuserebi,

romelTac imaze meti ician, vidre

90-ian wlebSi gadaRebuli filmebis

titrebSi moxseniebulma axalma profesiulma

erTeulma „prodiuseri“. cotaa

ucxour kinofondebTan TanamSromlobis

da kinoproeqtis ganviTarebis evropuli

standartebis dacvis magaliTebi. distribuciis

sistemis gaumarTaobis gamo, qar-

Tveli prodiuserebi xSirad filantropebis

STabeWdilebas toveben. Tuki isini

kinos biznesad aRiqvamen da mogebis naxvis

survilic aqvT, maSin gaugebaria, ra logikiT

awarmoeben filmebs, roca ician,

rom filmebis distribuciis seqtori Cven

qveyanaSi mouwesrigebelia. aseve gaurkvevelia,

ratom ar SeiZleba moxdes Zalebis

konsolidacia am problemis gadasaWrelad.

reJisorebi ukmayofiloni arian

sagadasaxado sistemiT; TavianT Zvel

filmebs saxlSi karadebSi an sawolebis

qveS inaxaven, imitom rom samarTlianad

ar andoben arqivs an maTi fizikuri arseboba

saerTodac ar axsovT, sanam romelime

festivali retrospeqtivaze ar

miipatiJebs. magram isev da isev, isini ar

erTiandebian da ar erevian problemebis

erToblivad mogvarebis procesSi. qar-

Tveli kinematografistebi daqsaqsulad

moqmedeben da cal-calke awydebian erTsa

da imave sirTuleebs.

dRes ar aris profesiuli mzadyofna

imisaTvis, rom qarTuli kinoindustria

fexze dadges. SiSveli siyvarulis

nacvlad, qarTul kinos yvelaze metad

filmis Seqmnis da gavrcelebis yvela

etapis mcodne profesionalebi sWirdeba,

romlebsac momavalSi ecodinebaT, ra

meTodebiT unda ibrZolon mdgomareobis

gamosasworeblad, ecodinebaT, rom gaxvretili

navidan wylis peSviT amoRebis

da naxvretze fexis dadgmis nacvlad, jobia,

navi SekeTdes da mxolod amis Semdeg

SeuerTdes did naosnobas.


sxvebis qveyana


gagrZeleba

jvarcma. teqnikuri

personali da

dekoracia


sad aqcies, sadac dacvis uflebaayrili,

gamudmebiT braldebulis galiaSi xar

uadvokatod gamoketili. am procesidan

erTaderTi gza, Zneli misaxvedri ar

unda iyos, sadac midis.

3.

saqarTvelo totalur anarqiul dapirispirebaTa,

konfliqtTa `mdidari~

gamis qveynad Camoyalibda. ver vixseneb

sxva iseT qveyanas, sadac erTdroulad

amdeni gansxvavebuli konfliqti mimdinareobdes,

miT umetes iseTi ukiduresad

isteriuli formiT, romelic mxolod

Cven gvaxasiaTebs: politikuri, socialuri,

aRmsareblobiTi, inteleqtualuri,

kulturuli, eTnikuri, separatistuli...

agreTve sagareo-samxedro konfliqti

ruseTTan. TviT yvelaze cxeli aRmosavleTis

konfliqturi qveynebSic ki,

Tu erayel Siitebsa da sunitebs ar CavTvliT,

dapirispirebul mxareebs raRac

mciredi mainc aerTianebT...

21-e saukunis gonebisaTvis Cveulebrivi

logikiT gasageb problemur qveyanaze

metad, Cveni samSoblo raRac bibliuri

babilonis Tanamedrove kavkasiur mizanscenas

ufro waagavs, sadac RmerTma, sxvadasxva

enaze moyayane babilonelebisagan

gansxvavebiT, adamianebi kidev ufro martivi

sisastikiT dasaja _ aq didebulnic

da ubralonic, RvTis moSiSnic da misi

saxelis mgmobelnic _ yvela erT enaze

laparakobs, da mainc araferi esmiT

erTmaneTis, maTi `qalaqi~ RmerTma jojoxeTis

cxra garsis meaTe danamatad

gadaaqcia, sadac mxolod melursmneebi

grZnoben Tavs bednierad, isic imitom,

rom droSi da ganwyobilebebSi wanwalis

Seudarebeli unari aqvT, agreTve qameleonebi

arian da, rogorc erTxel ukve

aRvniSne, maT verc sikvdili amCnevs da

verc sicocxle.

Tumca, me-19 saukunidan moyolebuli

fotografiis, mogvianebiT ki kinematografis

wyalobiT, maTi dokumenturad dadasturebuli

vizualuri kvali mdidarma

arqivebma mainc Semogvinaxa. am arqivebis

gamoyeneba sazogadoebis yvelaze mZimed

daavadebuli nawilis, axali Taobis politikosebis

mkurnalobisaTvis garkveuli

meTodis SemuSavebis Semdeg, Cemi azriT,

savsebiT realuria. audio-vizualuri Te-

rapiis meTodi ki Zalian martivad, TiTqmis

borjes-kubrikis „meqanikuri forToxlis~

mixedviT SeiZleba Seiqmnas, mxolod

cxadia, `aleqsis~ nacvlad iZulebiT kinoseansze

gakoWilebi qarTveli Tanamedrove

politikuri da inteleqtuali paranoebi

unda davsvaT, da ZaliT vayurebinoT

specialurad SerCeuli arqivebi, dokumenturi

da mxatvruli filmebi, Zveli

satelevizio gadacemebi.unda vayurebinoT

sakuTar „vinteij~ video anareklebi,

movasmeninoT sakuTari xma warsulidan,

sakuTari primitiuli ideebi, xumrobebi,

propaganda... vuCvenoT sabWoTa xelisuflebis

udidesi warmatebebi 1917 wlis

revoluciis 20 wlis Tavze: iseve rogorc

dRes, ssrk-s dangrevidan oci wlis Tavze,

maSinac daaxloebiT igive warmatebebiT

iwonebda qveyana Tavs: qveynis eleqtrofikaciiT,

pirveli sabWoTa traqtorebiT,

bavSvTa saxlebiT, axali sanatoriumebiT,

parkebiT, karuselebiT, Caisa da Tambaqos

plantaciebiT...

es yvelaferi marTlac ar arsebobda

revoluciamde. Tumca avadmyofebs gamudmebiT

unda SevaxsenoT, rom es 1937

welia, didi represiebis weli... rodesac

adamianis uflebebze fiqric ki sikvdiliT

isjeboda.msoflioc, sayovelTao

teqnologiuri progresis fonze, yvelaze

barbarosuli omisaTvis emzadeboda.

1923 wels benito musolinim msoflio-

Si pirveli Cqarosnuli avtobanis mSenebloba

daiwyo italiaSi. mas adolf hitlermac

mibaZa 1938-Si…

yvelani erTnairad saubrobdnen saku-

Tar warmatebebze. germaneli da italieli

faSistebic da sabWoTa komunistebic,

Cveni gulubryvilo axalgazrda

politikosebisaTvis Zalian sasargeblo

iqneboda, moesminaT am adamianebis mier

warmoTqmuli daaxloebiT igive frazebi

sakuTar warmatebebze, romlebiTac

dRes TviTon 21-e saukunis progresistebi

qarTvel mosaxleobas esaubrebian:

avtobanebze, bednier bavSvobaze, mSenebare

obieqtebze, gare da Sida mtrebze.

omis ganuwyvetel realur saSiSroebaze,

samxedro-patriotul aRzrdaze…

teqnologiuri da garkveuli saxis socialuri

progresi tiraniis damaxasiaTebeli

Semadgeneli detalebi, Tu gnebavT

lursmnebia. maSin msoflio marTlac

gagrZeleba

yvelaze sazareli omisaken mieqaneboda

duCesa da hitleris aSenebuli Cqarosnuli

avtobanebiT, da mogexsenebaT, Zalian

swrafadac miaRwia kidec.

tiranebs gulwrfelad uyvarT Tavian-

Ti samSoblo. isini energias, saxsrebs, da

gansakuTrebiT adamianebis sicocxles

ar iSureben misi `keTildReobisaTvis~,

msxverplSewirvis idea maT epoqis, politikuri

Sexedulebebis miuxedavad, aucileblad

aerTianebT.

isini Tvlian, rom mosaxleoba iyofa

or nawilad: mSromel da muyaiT adamianebad,

da zarmac parazitebad. zarmacebi

unda gaisrison!

zarmacebisa da parazitebis kategorias

ki Tavad adgenen: bolSevikebisaTvis

es burJuebi da kulakebi iyvnen, nacistebisaTvis

ebraelebi, xeibrebi, boSebi,

homoebi... es yvela kategoria Tavisi arsiT

gaWrili vaSliviT waagavs erTmaneTs.

radgan yovelTvis moiZebneba iseTi socialuri

kategoria, romelic sazogadoebis

muyaiT nawils tvirTad awveba zurgze.

saqarTveloSi dRes arsebobs aseTi

kategoriebi da es SemaZrwunebelia.

rom SemeZlos, sabWoTa qronikebis iZulebiTi

CvenebiTa da mosmeniT me maT vai-

Zulebdi, sakuTari Tavis identifikacia

moexdinaT maTive winaprebTan, vaiZulebdi

Tavidan moeSorebinaT es gulubryvilo

idea, sakuTari Tavis izolirebisa

Cveni saerTo sastiki wiTeli istoriuli

warsulidan, Sevecdebodi ganmekurna

sxva drosa da sivrceSi gadasaxlebis infantiluri

obsesiisagan, radgan sakuTar

warsulSi sakuTari Tavis identificirebis

unarsmoklebuli Taoba, verasodes

ver SeZlebs axal epoqasTan identificirebas.

is yovelTvis acdenili iqneba

realobas: radgan warsuli iseTive

droa, rogorc awmyo da momavali. misi

gamocalkeveba da mtvrian Taroze Semodeba

metafizikurad arRvevs samyaros,

romelSic cxovrob, da mas SeuZlebels

xdis.

am Taobis samyaros erT-erTi mniSvnelovani

nawili ki saqarTveloa, romelic

maT arc metad ekuTvniT da arc naklebad,

iseve, rogorc am miwaze dabadebul

nebismier sxva adamians: nebismieri erovnebisa

da religiis, nebismier seqsualuri

orientaciis, Tu gnebavT, ukve karga

cxeli Sokoladi 113


gagrZeleba

xnis win mkvdars, gamqrals da aseve jer

kidev ar dabadebul adamians... maT Soris,

Capaevis sindromiT Sepyrobil 30iani

wlebis kulturis komisrebsac, maT

Tanamedrove sozebsac da cotaTi _ mec.

sxva xelovani melursmneebic aqtiurad

fusfusebdnen am dReebSi, gansakuTrebiT

amaswindeli quTaisuri Big Bang-is, da

TavianTi kolegis, berZeniSvilis Tavs

siurprizad damtydari ubedurebis gamo.

uceb aRmoaCines, rom `memoriali mainc

uSno iyo da salaparakod arc Rirs, rom

jobia daRupul deda-Svilze vitiroT~.

saerTod, Zalian adamianurebi aRmoCndnen,

mxolod TavianTi TanamoZme

berZeniSvilisTvis misamZimreba arc ufiqriaT,

etyoba emociuri Sokisagan daaviwydaT,

rom Svilis sikvdili, viRacis

vulgaruli azriT, „xeibarisa da Seuxedavisac~

ki, tragediaa.

es yvelaferi xandaxan gacocxlebul

fantastikas emsgavseba da meCveneba. rom

qarTveli melursmneebi male `ideologiur

esTetiur policias~ Seqmnian, romelic

gamoavlens `saeWvo ideologiis~

kulturis Zeglebs, wignebs, naxatebs da

adgilze gaanadgurebs maT.

meCveneba, rom fantomi melursmneebi

bejiTad axorcieleben cxadSi, rei bredberis

`farengeiti 451°~-s, yovel SemTxvevaSi

`saeWvo ideologia-esTetikis~

Semcveli namuSevrebis gamovlenisaTvis

didi enTuziazmiT moRvaweoben, rom mere

gverdiT gadgnen da profesionalebs

dauTmon asparezi: profesional piroman

mexanZreebsa da amfeTqeblebs ki ra dalevs

saqarTveloSi.

warmomidgenia, ra siamovnebiT aafe-

Tqebdnen pikasos gernikas, mis mtredebs

makratliT frTebs daaWridnen, dawvavdnen

bunuelis, eizenSteinis firebs, sartrs,

maiakovskis, andre bretons, lui

aragons, miwasTan gaasworebdnen korbuzies

arqiteqturas _ isini xom yvelani

komunistebi, anu `saeWvo ideologiis~

matarebelni iyvnen.

me piradad saqarTveloSi da Tbilis-

Si aRmarTuli cxeniani mefeebi, saerTod

qandakebebis da miT umetes biustebis

umetesoba sulac ar momwons, vaxtang

gorgaslis, daviT aRmaSeneblis Zeglebis,

aseve vakis parkSi `stefen kingis~

personaJebis kompleqsis CaTvliT. miT

114 cxeli Sokoladi

umetes, Tavad axali modern arqiteqturisa

da monumenturi xelovnebis iseTi

`saeWvo~ nimuSebi, rogoric aris magali-

Tad oqros mamali meriis win, oqros sawmisiani

medea baTumSi an oqros promeTe.

alievis memorialzec ar vgiJdebi mainca

da mainc, ase mgonia, demokratiuli moZme

azerbaijanis did Svils, geidar alieviC

alievs Savi oqros memoriali, `benzokalonka~

ufro mouxdeboda.

Cveni saxlebis, Cveni mSoblebis, sasaflaoebze

Cveni bebiebis da babuebis qandakebebian

da marmariloze kalkirebul

fotoebian `araCveulebriv gamofenebze~

aRarafers vambob... avafeTqoT, traqtorebi

gadavataroT vakisa da saburTalos

Tvaluwvdenel sasaflaoebs. da iq prestiJuli

gamWvirvale sacxovrebeli ubani

davaproeqtebinoT niderlandel arqiteqtorebs.

beverli hilze ufro magari.

kukia movaasfaltoT da kavkaz-disnei

gavxsnaT, xolo muxianSi axali las vegasi

avaSenoT da ofSorul zonad gamovacxadoT...

safrangeTSi, meore frontis regionebSi,

normandiis, kales yvela sofel-

Si dgas memoriali, zogi iseTi saSinelebaa,

masTan SedarebiT berZeniSvilis

afeTqebuli namuSevari siqstis kapelad

mogeCvenebaT, magram gabedeT da TiTi

daakareT romelime maTgans, miT umetes

administraciuli Senobis agebis preteqstiT.

mere ra, Tu viRacisaTvis quTaisis memoriali

`saeWvo esTetikisa~ iyo... mere

ra... memoriali saflavis qvaa. saflavis

qvebi ki yovelTvis uSnoa, da maT amis

gamo ar afeTqeben. maxsovrobas ar afe-

Tqeben. is TavisTavad bunebrivad umtkivneulod

ixsneba, zavdeba droSi. (mémorial,

memoir, maxsovroba).

sul raRac ori Tvis win safrange-

Tis sazogadoebrivi arxis `frans 2~-is

dakveTiT frangma dokumentalistebma,

izabel klarkma da daniel kostelma

gadaiRes yvelaze grandiozuli dokumenturi

filmi meore msoflio omis

Sesaxeb, saTauriT `apokalifsi~. es aris

eqvsi filmisagan Semdgari 52-wuTiani

dokumenturi filmebis seria, romelic

namdvil movlenad gadaiqca dasavlur

arxebze. ramdenime dRis win erTma Cemma

rusma megobarma damidastura, rom am

filmis naxviT meore msoflio omis Sesaxeb

mTeli misi warmodgena Seicvala,

rom yvelaferi rac leningradSi skolaSi

aswavles, Tavdayira dadga, rom am

omSi yvelas Tanabrada aqvs monawileoba

miRebuli. rom iyo keTili mxare da boroti,

anu germania Tavisi mokavSireebiT.

da rom saamayoa, rodesac keTili mxaris

siaSi udavod xar, radgan es utyuari

dasturia Seni erovnuli istoriuli moralisa.

am keTil mxareSi sakuTari rolis unikalurobis

gazviadebas dRemde yvela

qveyana cdilobs, isinic ki, visac principSi

satrabaxo bevri araferi aqvT.

magaliTad safrangeTi eqvswliani kolaboraciis

Semdeg saqarTveloze naklebi

adamianuri danakargiT dRes rogorc

gamarjvebuli qveyana gaero-s uSiSroebis

sabWos wevria. gamarjvebulTa am

absoluturad usamarTlo klubis meore

wevri aseve gamarjvebuli ruseTia, romelsac

Cveni teritoriebis 25 procenti

aqvs okupirebuli, agreTve Cveni mfarveli

amerika, britaneTi... isini ruseTs

verafers eubnebian, rodesac is okupirebuli

teritoriebidan damkvirveblebs

panCuris kvriT agdebs. arc aris gasakviri,

ra Tqma unda, yofili TanamebrZolebi

arian, erTmaneTis solidarulni... maT

xom omi moiges!...

Cven ki, ratomRac, sakuTari surviliT

gamovdivarT am `keTilTa~ klubidan da

raRac gaugebar pasiur mdgomarebaSi

viyenebT Tavs baltiis qveynebiviT, romlebsac

Tavisi sruliad gansxvavebuli

istoriuli pozicia da morali aqvT am

omTan dakavSirebiT.

me meamayeba, rom qarTvelebs, Cem uaxloes

ojaxis wevrebs imdenive investicia

aqvT Cadebuli evropis ganTavisuflebaSi,

ramdenic britanelebs,

amerikelebs, rusebs. Tumca ar vTvli,

rom magaliTad frangebs, an britanelebs

Cemi raime marTebT, piriqiT, maT iseve

daicves saqarTvelo, rogorc qarTvelebma

isini. qarTveli politikosebisa da

inteleqtualTa didi nawilis mosmenis

Sedegad xSirad iseTi STabeWdileba meqmneba,

rom sabWoTa skolaSi an universitetSi

swavlis Semdeg istoriis wigni

aRar gadauSliaT. rom axal Taobas an

saerTod ar aswavlian istorias, an sa


WoTa wignebiT aswavlian, radgan Cveni

sakuTari istoriis umniSvnelovanesi

furceli absoluturad gawiTlebuli

davtoveT, da daviviwyeT.

Cven ki ubralod ganze vdgebiT am saerTo

istoriidan, da Cven damsaxurebas

sxvebs vCuqniT. Tavad ki, stalinis eTnikuri

warmomavlobis gamo, mxolod bodi-

Sebs vuxdiT msoflios.

gaero-s uSiSroebis sabWos imdenive

sisxli marTebs qarTvelebisa, ramdenic

rusebis. Cven ki TiTqos gvrcxvenia am

omSi monawileobis.

vin icis, berZeniSvilis monumentis

adgilze, parlamentis nacvlad, iqneb

rafika


gagrZeleba

_ vicodi, rame rom geqneboda Senaxuli,

_ kidev erTxel ar vapatie

safosto markis ambavi.

_ berZnuli anbani rogor Seiqmna,

patara da didi asoebi erTad Camoyalibda?

_ Cemi avtoritetis aRiarebiT

daiwyo rafikam.

_ ara, ra Tqma unda. Seiqmna erTi

berZnuli anbani da es iyo is, rasac

axla mTavrul anu did asoebs veZaxiT.

laTinuric ase iyo, kirilicac,

qarTulic da somxuric. mxolod

saukuneebis Semdeg swrafi werisas

Camoyalibda patara asoebi, _ akademiurad

da kompetenturad Camovayalibe

fonetikuri anbanuri sistemis

ganviTarebis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli

WeSmariteba me.

_ qarTulis SemTxvevaSi es nusxuria

anu xucuri? _ cbierad ikiTxa

rafikam.

_ ki batono, _ vaRiare sakiTxSi

misi Caxeduloba me.

_ berZnebma, romaelebma, slavebma,

somxebma es didi da patara, mTavruli

da nusxuri asoebi ikmares da

Tqven ratom ar gaCerdiT, axali mxedruli

ratom SeqmeniT? _ rogorc

iqna „damajaxa“ Tavisi mTavari Seki-

Txva-argumenti rafikam.

_ aseTi dauokebeli xalxi varT da

imitom, _ arc ise damajereblad vupasuxe

me.

_ ara, levanjan. ara axperjan. mxedruli

imitom SeqmeniT, rom mTavruli

mesropis naCuqari iyo da nusxuri

misgan ganviTarebuli, mxedruli

ki sakuTriv Tqveni Semoqmedebaa, is

ukve aravis da arafers ar hgavs, ra

Tqma unda kuTxovani nusxuridan

momdinareobs, magram TaRovan-rkalovania,

mas sul sxva grafikuli filosofia

udevs safuZvlad, mokled,

somxurs aRar hgavs: Tqven Tqveni

axali mxedruli anbaniT mokaliT

mesrop maStoci TqvenSi, Tqven uari

TqviT mis saCuqarze. is ambavi, rom

Tqven axali anbani SeqmeniT, CemTvis

sakmarisi argumentia mesropis mier

qarTuli mTavruli anbanis Seqmnis

hipoTezis dasamtkiceblad.

_ SenTan didi bodiSi, axper rafikajan,

magram Tqven Tu aseTi utyua-

116 cxeli Sokoladi

ri argumentebiT amtkicebT xolme

samecniero Tezebs, mose xorenacisa

da koriuns Rirseuli cvla gaCeniaT,

verafers ver ityvi, _ davuwune

finaluri argumenti me.

_ me Cveni istorikosebis mjera, _

uyoymanod ganacxada rafikam.

_ me Cveni istorikosebis mjera, _

ar movicvale fexi mec.

_ sad gyavT istorikosebi, Tqven

xom poetebis qveyana xarT? _ bebia-

Cemis, ivlita beraias terminiT rom

vTqva, „ironia gamikeTa“ rafikam.

_ poeti kacisgan poetebis ironiulad

moxsenieba gamkvirvebia. qarTveli

poetebi Tu ar mogwonT, rusTavels

ras gadaekideT? xelebi Sors

rusTavelisgan! _ visrole, rogorc

iqna, dRis lozungi.

_ me rusTavelis somxobaze arasodes

milaparakia, egec qarTvelebis

mofiqrebuli provokaciaa da somxebis

mier sulelurad atacebuli.

yovel SemTxvevaSi, am saqmeSi, sul

cota, dediT qarTveli niko maris

xeli urevia. ise rusTavelisgan

Tqvenc karga Sors xarT, rogorc

samarTlianad gamxilaT astafievma.

_ apapapa, astafievi da rusebi ar

gvinda, _ Seicxada miSa poliakovma,

_ viqtor astafievs rac rusebze da

somxebze aqvs naTqvami, ar gamaxsenebinoT,

kargi araferi iqneba.

_ ὣς οἵ γ’ ἀμ ί ον ά ον Ἕκ ορος ἱ ο

άμοιο , Так погребали они конеборного

Гектора тело, `ase dakrZales cxenebis

momTvinierebeli heqtoris gvami~, _

ganacxada vadim iankovma da „iliadas“

dasasruliT xazi gausva kavkasiuri

debatebis pirveli raundis

finals. me ki gamaxsenda roman miminoSviliseuli

Targmani, „ase dakrZales

im dRes heqtor, gmiri mxedari“,

arada, ramdenime disertacia mainc

arsebobs, romlebSic xazgasmulia,

ra didi mniSvneloba aqvs „iliadas“

ukanasknel striqonSi heqtoris moxseniebas

(am poemis pirveli striqoni

aqilevsiT da misi risxviT iwyeba),

Tanac swored „cxenebis momTviniereblad“

moxseniebas.

1986 wlis noemberSi rafikam banakis

sasjeli moixada da gadasaxle-

baSi waiyvanes. banakis wesebis mixedviT,

patimari gaTavisuflebamde ori

TviT adre Tmebs mouSvebda xolme,

„moSveba“ Zalian „xmamaRali“ sityvaa

am SemTxvevaSi, sruli „boqsidan“ or

TveSi didi Tma aravis amosdioda,

aravis, rafikas garda. erTi Tvis Tavze

rafikas Zalian didi Tma amouvida,

imdenad didi, rom iseTi erTi

patara scena gaTamaSda klub-sasadiloSi,

arkadi raikins SeSurdeboda.

swored rafikas Tmebze da, zogadad,

kavkasiuri Tmis safarze vlaparakobdiT

sadilis dros, rodesac

sasadiloSi nasvami kontroliori

trifonovi SemoiWra da mTeli xmiT

daiRriala:

_ Снять головные уборы! _ noemberi

idga da bevrs exura qudi, magram

yvelam moixada, maT Soris, ra Tqma

unda, rafikamac: gaTavisuflebis

win, Tundac gadasaxlebaSi gamgzavrebis

win patimari gansakuTrebiT

frTxili xdeba da rafika xom manamdec

ar iyo TavzexelaRebuli.

_ Сними папаху, Папаян! _ SesZaxa

trifonovma da roca mTeli banaki

siciliT daixoca, TviTonac sicili

autyda da saboloo daskvnac gamoacxo:

_ Вот х... ё... твою мать, у этих армяндемократов

даже волосы по-другому

растут.

_ swored amaze unda davwero sadoqtoro

disertacia, „demokratiis

roli Tmis zrdis daCqarebis saqme-

Si“, _ ganacxada rafikam („daCqareba“

_ ускорение gorbaCovis epoqis erTerTi

mTavari sityva iyo „glasnost-

Tan“ da „perestroikasTan“ erTad).

_ „somxur Tavze demokratiis

roli Tmis zrdis daCqarebis saqmeSi“,

_ Tavazianad Seuswora joni

laSqaraSvilma da Cemze miuTiTa, _

qarTul Tavs, rogorc xedav, verc

demokratia Svelis, _ da mxolod

qarTvelebisTvis gasagebi frazac

daamata, _ Cveni xom WianWvelac ar

varga.

rafael papaiani somxeTis parlamentSi

adamianis uflebaTa dacvis

komitets xelmZRvanelobda. amJamad

somxeTis sakonstitucio sasa-


gagrZeleba

marTlos mosamarTlea. tradiciul

xSir Tmas wver-ulvaSic miumata da

Zalian soliduri ieri miiRo. rogorc

avtorma dawera didi wigni

„Tanamedrove samarTlis qristianuli

fesvebi“ (Христианские корни

современного права), gamoaqveyna

statia lotmanis krebulSi; moskovSi

gamomcemloba „iunipres sk“ gamosca

misi Targmanebis krebuli „XX

saukunis somxuri poezia. rCeuli

gverdebi“, masSi 16 poetis Targmani

Sevida ovanes TumanianiT dawyebuli

akop movsesiT damTavrebuli. papaianis

SesavalSi weria, _ am poetebis

Targmna maTma siyvarulma gadamawyvetinao.

sxvaTa Soris, rafael

papaiani mTargmnelTa sakmaod mcirericxovan

jgufs miekuTvneba, romelsac

ormxrivad Targmna SeuZlia:


gagrZeleba

lad iohan galtungis cnobil termins

_ `struqturul Zaladobas~ waagavs.

bevri Tanamedrove socialuri

mecnieris azriT, Zaladobis mTavari

mizezi sazogadoebaSi arsebuli

uTanasworobaa; uTanasworoba _ erovnul,

eTnikur, sqesobriv, rasobriv,

seqsualur, religiur Tu sxva niadagzea.

aris kidev erTi faqtori, romelsac

praqtikulad aRaravin axsenebs

_ es aris klasi. 21-e saukuneSi,

mienstrim mediis Tanaxmad, TiTqos

klasobrivi problema aRar aris da

TiTqos Raribi da Rataki adamianebi

ar arseboben. amas ara mxolod ultramemarjvene

konservatiuli presa

wers, aramed zomierad progresuli,

liberaluri gamocemebic. JiJekis,

badios, ransieris, agambenis da bevri

maTi Tanamedroves kritikas verc

liberaluri New York Times, Washington

Post uZleben.

liberalizmis erT-erTi udidesi

miRwevaa me-20 saukunis meore naxevar-

Si umciresobaTa uflebebis dacvis

saqmeSi momxdari pozitiuri cvlilebebi.

magram, umciresobebis uflebebis

dacvisas neoliberalur elitas

TiTqos umravlesoba daaviwyda.

yvelaze didi Cagruli masa, es aris

klasobrivi ierarqiis yvelaze qveda

safexurze mdgomi adamianebi. sworedac

rom es `xelSeuxebelTa~ kastaa

dRes mTavari problema _ magram maT

Sesaxeb liberalur presaSi bevrad

naklebs gaigebT, vidre sxvadasxva um-

ciresobis Sesaxeb. anu 21-e saukuneSi,

liberalur diskursSi `identobis politikam~

klasobrivi sakiTxi praqtikulad

mTlianad gamoaZeva sasaubro

enidan. cxadia, identobis politikas

metad legitimuri adgili aqvs socialur

mecnierebebSi da sazogadoebriv

cxovrebaSi, magram klasobrivi sakiTxis

amgvari ugulebelyofa dRevandeli

neo-liberalebis sasargeblod ar

metyvelebs.

Tanamedrove neoliberaluri modeli

dRevandelobis udidesi moazrovneebis

mxridan udidesi kritikis

cecxlqveSaa. miliardobiT Rataki

adamianis sicocxle dRes kiTxvis niSnis

qveS dgas da neoliberaluri institutebi

am gamowvevas adekvaturad

ver pasuxoben.

amerikis samoqalaqo uflebebis mo-

Zraobis erT-erTma yvelaze Tvalsa-

Cino warmomadgenelma 60-ian wlebSi,

malkolm X-ma Tavis droze aseT ram

Tqva: rasizmis sistemasTan brZolaSi

xandaxan liberal melas konservatori

mgeli mirCevniao.

Tanamedrove transnacionalur

korporatiul samyaroSi orive, konservatorica

da liberalic im sistemas

emsaxureba, romelsac JiJeki `sistemur

Zalmomreobas~ uwodebs. Tumca

21-e saukuneSi jerjerobiT kargad

gamokveTili alternativa ar Cans. am

alternativaze fiqri da laparaki sakmao

marginalizaciis riskTanac aris

dakavSirebuli. Tumca, am bolo xane-

www.shokoladi.ge

bSi gamoikveTa adamianTa jgufi, romelic

usityvod ar iRebs socialuri

darvinizmis dogmebs. es garkveuli

progresis niSania Cven sazogadoebaSi.

Tumca jer kidev didi gzaa gasavleli

WeSmariti memarcxene azrovnebis damkvidrebamde

im garemoSi, sadac jer

kidev Sejibria, vin ufro reaqciul

da memarjvene platformas airCevs.

sabWoTa kavSiris dangrevis Semdeg

qarTveli neoliberalebis mxridan

xSirad gamigia mosazreba pinoCetis

Sesaxeb, romelic mas `gmirad~ da `aRmSeneblad~

acxadebda. generali pino-

Ceti araerTi qarTveli neoliberali

politikosisa Tu politologisaTvis

naTeli wertili iyo; CemTvis ki piriqiT,

gmiri is xalxi iyo, vinc mas

ebrZoda da is prokurori, vinc mas

pasuxi agebina.

liberalur azrovnebas, ra Tqma

unda, Rirsebebic aqvs. erT-erTi ase-

Ti Rirseba sworedac rom damoukidebeli

marTlmsajulebis sistemaa, is

sistema, romelmac neoliberaluri

oligarqiis interesebis damcveli pinoCeti

sabolood mainc marTlmsajulebis

winaSe daayena. igive daemarTa

perus arCeul `neoliberal~ diqtators

alberto fuximoris, romelic

sakuTar uSiSroebis ministrTan er-

Tad axla sasjels ixdis. liberaluri

sistemis pirobebSi Temida mainc saku-

Tar adgilas dgas da mxolod `koRos~

rolSi ar aris.

es uTuod liberalizmis Rirsebaa.


literaturuli kafe `qaravani~

warmogidgenT:

1 Tebervali, orSabaTi, 19 saaTi

poet zviad ratianis leqsebis

axali krebulis `negativis~ prezentacia

8 Tebervali, orSabaTi, 19 saaTi

Sexvedra poet diana anfimiadisTan

22 Tebervali, orSabaTi, 19 saaTi

Sexvedra zurab qarumiZesTan

literatura da musika

literaturuli kafe `qaravani~, mis.: furcelaZis 10


misamarTi: abanos q. N 3

radio „nacnobi“ gepatiJebaT

klubSi „nacnobi“

tradiciuli qarTuli samzareulo

cocxali musika


WWW.LIBERALI.GE

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