xeobis macnes axali cxovreba _ liaxvis xeoba

kheoba.ge

xeobis macnes axali cxovreba _ liaxvis xeoba

qurTis municipalitetis

sagamomcemlo dawesebuleba

`liaxvis xeoba~

damfuZneblebi:

qurTis municipaliteti

direqtori:

giorgi WoveliZe

E-mail: contact@kheoba.ge

eleqtronuli versia

www.kheoba.ge

koreqtori:

neli darbaiZe

saredaqcio kelegia:

nino CibCiuri

899 48 62 77

nana kaxniaSvili

898 46 06 04

nino kasraZe

898 91 69 62

buRalteri:

gia basiSvili

855 32 22 07

Jurnali

`liaxvis xeoba~ gamoicema

Sps `sagamomcemlo saxli

qarTuli elita~-s

mier

Jurnali xelmZRvanelobs

Tavisufali

presis principebiT.

redaqcia pasuxs ar

agebs ucxouri presidan

gadmoTargmnili

masalebis, faqtebis,

informaciis sizusteze.

redaqciaSi

Semosuli masalebi

avtorebs ar ubrundebaT.

masalis sizusteze

pasuxismgebelia avtori.

misamarTi: q. gori, verxvebis

Casaxleba. (aRmaSeneblis #89/24

tel.: (+99532) 91-00-84

xeobis macnes axali cxovreba _ liaxvis xeoba

didi da patara liaxvis xeoba _ saqarTvelos uZvelesi

kuTxe. es is mxarea, sadac mters verasodes eguebodnen da

moyvares RvTiuri siyvaruliT pasuxobdnen _ qarTulad!

swored aseTi mxaris da xalxis gazeTi iyo `xeobis macne.~

romelmac wlebs gauZlo, simarTlis Tqmasa da qveynis

dacvaSi gaatara didi dro, sulisCamdgmel gamomcemlebTan

erTad, araerTi omi ibrZola, gulSeudrekelad, arafers

SeuSinda da dRemde movida isev ise _ mecixovned, abjrad

da xmalad saqarTvelosi! da, amitom, Tavis xalxTan erTad

gaxda devnili...

gazeTi `xeobis macne~, wels, 2011 wlidan, Tavis saTqmels ukve

Jurnalis saxiT miitans devnil mosaxleobasTan da aramarto

maTTan... amieridan, sruliad saqarTvelosTan gazeTi

`xeobis macne~ Jurnalis saxiT _ `liaxvis xeobad~ mova ambav-

Ta macned.

mokled, gazeTma `xeobis macnem~ xalxs Tavisi saqmiTa da

sityviT Seayvara Tavi, amitomac, isev xalxis moTxovniT gadakeTda

Jurnalad da amieridan Jurnali `liaxvis xeoba~

ufro mravalferovnad gaaSuqebs movlenebs, sainteresod

da mniSvnelovnad, gansakuTrebuli, metad Rirebuli masalebiT

mogawonebT Tavs.

maS ase, Semovida Cvens realur cxovrebaSi axali qarborbala,

mcxunvare mze, boboqar-mRelvare zRva, klde damcveli

qveynisa _ Jurnali `liaxvis xeoba!~

RmerTma inebos, rom `liaxvis xeoba~ male isev Tavis miwa-wyalze

dabrundes _ iq, ZirZvel qarTul miwa-wyalze gamoices,

da es male iqneba, male...

s a r C e v i

konfliqtebis zona

kokoiTi uflebadamcvelebis

winaaRmdeg. devnilebis

protesti gv.4

devnilTa problema

rusma `mesazRvreebma~

axalgorSi gadaadgilebis

reJimi gaamkacres. cxinvalis

separatistuli reJimis e.w.

generalurma prokuraturam

sisxlis samarTali aRZra.

saqarTvelos prezidentis

iniciativas baRafSi da

kokoiTi gamoexmaurnen.

gazrdili tarifebi

cxinvalSi gv.5

sxvadasxva

2010 weli _ konfliqtis

zonis soflebisTvis.

`liaxvis xeoba~ dasavleT

saqarTveloSi

mcxovrebi devnilebis

problemebs gaecno. gv.6=

gmirebi

xelisufleba gmiri

romelaSvilebis ojaxSi.

saqarTvelos prezidenti

Sobis brwyinvale

dResaswauls uSgulSi

Sexvda. inglisuri enis da

kompiuteris

Semswavleli ufaso kursebi

gv.7

sxvadasxva

werovanSi mTavroba

xalxs Sexvda. `xeobis macnes~

internet gverdi erTi wlisaa

gv.8

politika

`or weliwadSi ubinao

III

devnili ar unda arsebobdes.~

devnilebisTvis regionebSi

mSenebloba 2011 welsac

gagrZeldeba gv.9

socialuri Tema

,,socialuri daxmarebis

programa~

saaxalwlod. ,,2011 – gasul

welze ukeTesi iqneba~ gv.10

kultura

,,yvelaze Wkviani~

devnili moswavle. nana

aleqsandria werovanSi.

cxinvalis Teatri devnili

patarebisTvis gv.11

sporti

Tasis miRma da ligaSi

dasarCenad gv.12

religia

meufe anania: Cveni sicocxle

Cveni enis, kulturisa da

tradiciis codnaa. gv.13

`xsna

RmerTSia~ gv.15

mematiane

qsnis erisTavTa

warmoSobis Sesaxeb gv.16

sagvareulo istoria

oqropiriZeebi gv.17

sxvadasxva

Cemi TvaliT danaxuli

rusuli agresia gv.20

poezia

poezia gv.21

krosvordi gv.22

3


kokoiTi uflebadamcvelebis winaaRmdeg

samxreT oseTis de faqto respublikis

prezidenti amas winaT

adgilobrivi televiziis pirdapir

eTerSi gamovida da uflebadamcvelebis

kritika daiwyo. kokoiTis

azriT, Crdilo oseTSi mcxovreb

uflebadamcvelebs ara aqvT ufleba

cxovreba aswavlon samxreTel

osebs. mas yvelaze metad ruslan

mayaevi ar moswons, romelic aqtiurad

ibrZoda cxinvalSi dakavebuli

uflebadamcvelis, fatima

margievas gasaTavisufleblad da

kokoiTs mudmivad akritikebda adamianis

uflebebis SelaxvisTvis. de

faqto respublikis prezidentis

azriT, uflebadamcvelebi, romlebic

sxvadasxva fondebis mier finansdebian,

mxolod uaryofiT movlenebs

amCneven da qurdebisa da

narkomanebis damcvelebad gamodian.

„roca narkomanebs iWeren, prezidentia

damnaSave. roca keTilmowyobisTvis

gamoyofil fuls

flangaven, maSinac prezidentia

damnaSave. yvela ucbad uflebadamcveli

xdeba. es bumberazi egreT

wodebuli mayaevisnairi uflebadamcvelebi

jer imisTvis gvakritikeben,

rom mSenebloba ar mimdinareobs.

viWerT xalxs da maSinve

isini damcvelebad udgebian xalxs,

vinc fuls iparavda da binZur saqmeebs

akeTebda. am xalxs moraluri

ufleba ara aqvs samxreT oseTze

ilaparakos. cxovrob mand, CrdiloeT

oseTSi, da uvli raRac Rorebis

fermas, mixede Sens saqmes da

aq nu gvaswavli rogor vicxovroT“,

– ganacxada eduard kokoiTma.

osi uflebadamcveli ruslan

mayaevi didi xania de faqto respublikis

prezidents adamianis

uflebebis darRvevis, korufciis

didi masStabebis, arasamarTliani

arCevnebisa da ukanono patimrebis

gamo akritikebs. misi statiebi

xSirad ibeWdeba, rogorc rusul,

ise Crdilo osur presaSi. ruslan

mayaevi radio Tavisuflebas-

Tan saubarSi ambobs, rom kokoiTis

uflebadamcvelebi ar sWirdeba,

radgan maT gareSe Tavs komfortulad

grZnobs. misi TqmiT, mas bednieri

da uzrunveli cxovreba unda

rigiTi osebis siRaribis fonze:

„samxreT oseTis cixeSi me vici

ori adamiani, romlebic patimrebi

ki ara, mZevlebi arian ise, rogorc

es CeCneTSi da Talibebis dros

avRaneTis cixeebSi xdeboda, roca

adamianebi, ubralod, mZevlebi iyvnen

gasacvlelad an materialuri

sargeblisTvis. uflebadamcvelebi,

ra Tqma unda, mas (kokoiTs)

ar sWirdeba, iseve rogorc ar

sWirdeba, magaliTad, sakonstitucio

sasamarTlo da samarTliani

arCevnebi - arc saparlamento da

arc saprezidento. mas ar unda

asobiT aTasi devnilis gaxseneba

samxreT oseTidan da saqarTvelos

sxvadasxva raionidan. isini iseve

zaraldebian ruseTis teritoriaze,

rogorc zaraldebodnen saqarTveloSi.

gansakuTrebiT Crdilo

oseTSi maT omonis xeljoxebi

xvdebaT. mas iq uamravi umuSevari

hyavs. maTi dasaqmebisTvis finansebi

ar arsebobs. ra Tqma unda,

mas bednieri cxovreba unda da ar

unda kanoni“, – ase upasuxebs kokoiTis

braldebas ruslan mayaevi.

ruslan mayaevi kokoiTis kritikas

maincdamainc did yuradRebas ar

aqcevs da acxadebs, rom ukanonobis

winaaRmdeg brZolas gaagrZelebs.

swored mayaevis da sxva rusi

uflebadamcvelebis damsaxurebaa,

rom ramdenimeTviani patimrobis

Semdeg cxinvalis cixidan osi

uflebadamcveli fatima margieva

gaaTavisufles. margieva iaraRis

ukanonod Senaxvis braldebiT iyo

dakavebuli, uflebadamcvelebi ki

mas gansxvavebuli mosazrebebis

gamo politikur patimrad miiCnevdnen.

moskovSi atexili didi

xmauris Semdeg, de faqto respublikis

samarTaldamcavebi iZulebulni

gaxdnen, margieva sasamarTlo

darbazidan gaeTavisuflebinaT.

4 IV

konfliqtis zona

devnilebis

protesti

cxinvalSi

gausaZlisi socialuri mdgomareobis

gamo, devnilebma cxinvalis

administracias protestiT

mimarTes. maT cxinvalis meri, revaz

xugaevi Sexvda. es Sexvedra

de faqto respublikis saxelmwifo

televiziis eTeriT gadaica.

90-iani wlebis qarTul-osuri

konfliqtis Sedegad, devnili

adamianebi cxinvalSi autanel pirobebSi

cxovroben da kokoiTis

xelisuflebis mimarT ukmayofilebas

gamoTqvamen. pirveli

konfliqtis dros araerTi osi

erovnebis moqalaqe saqarTvelodan

wavida. nawili sacxovreblad

vladikavkazSi gadavida,

da iq miiRo devnilis statusi,

nawilma ki cxinvals miaSura.

miuxedavad imisa, rom ukve 20

weli gavida maTi sacxovrebeli

pirobebi odnavadac ar gaumjobesebula.

es adamianebi naxevrad

dangreul saerTo sacxovrebleb-

Si cxovroben. zogierT devnils

am dromde arc pasporti, arc moqalaqeoba,

arc devnilis statusi

da arc raime saxis sxva dokumenti

aqvs. devnilebi kokoiTis

xelisuflebisgan problemebis

saswrafod mogvarebas moiTxoven.

im dros, roca de faqto respublikaSi

rogorc pirveli,

ise meore konfliqtis dros

dazaralebuli aTasobiT adamiani

cxovrobs, adgilobrivi xelisufleba

biujetidan dafinansebas

gamoyofs da ruseTSi xanZrebis

Sedegad dazaralebulebs humanitarul

daxmarebas ugzavnis. amis

gamo iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli

pirebi aRSfoTebas ver malaven.

cxinvalis merma darbazSi Sekrebilebis

damSvideba scada da

Sehpirda, rom xelisufleba maTi

problemebis mogvarebiTac dainteresdeba.

am dapirebis miuxedavad,

zogierTma devnilma protestis

niSnad darbazi datova. bevr

devnils kokoiTis xelisuflebis

dausrulebeli dapirebebis ukve

aRar sjera.


devnilTa problemebi

rusma `mesazRvreebma~ axalgorSi

gadaadgilebis reJimi gaamkacres

cxinvalis separatistuli reJimis e.w.

generalurma prokuraturam sisxlis

samarTali aRZra

egreT wodebulma rusma mesazRvreebma axalgoris

raionSi gadaadgilebis reJimi gaamkacres. isini dabaSi

im adamianebs aRar uSvebdnen, romlebsac adgilobrivi

registracia ara aqvT. saguSagodan araerTi

adamiani ukan gaabrunes. adre ki, visac axalgorSi

sakuTreba hqonda da piradobis mowmobebis rusulad

naTargmni da notariulad damtkicebuli aslebi an

adgilobrivi osuri administraciis mier gacemuli

cnobebi gaaCnda, raionSi Sesvla uproblemod SeeZlo.

rogorc axalgoreli Tamar mearayiSvili ambobs, gamkacrebuli

reJimis gamo problemebi dabaSi moRvawe

sasuliero pirebsac SeeqmnaT. „mkacrad afrTxileben

mgzavrebsac da mZRolebsac, rom visac ara aqvs

Caweris adgilad axalgori, aqeT aRar unda wamovidnen.

amas winaT erTi usinaTlo invalidi modioda

aqeT, dedasTan, ise, sul aq cxovrobs, magram rusTavSia

Cawerili da isic ki ar SemouSves. arada, saRamo

iyo ukve da mZRols misi qarTul saguSagomde gadayvana

mouxda. Svilebsac ki mSoblebTan Camosvlis

uflebas aRar aZleven. moZRvari, romelic aq msaxurobs,

mama antoni, afxazeTSia dabadebuli, devnilia.

orSabaTs isic Camosves saguSagoze da aqeT aRar

gamoatares“, – ambobs Tamar mearayiSvili. axalgorSi

yoveldRiurad izrdeba vladikavkazidan Casuli im

osi erovnebis moqalaqeebis ricxvi, romlebmac didi

xnis win binebi gayides. samxreT oseTis de faqto

amis Sesaxeb informacias “resi” e.w. generalur

prokuroris pirvel moadgileze eldar kokoevze

dayrdnobiT avrcelebs. misi informaciiT, samSeneblo

kompaniebma `veqtorma,~ `ruslanma.~ `gelmotma~da

`skerkma~ sagadasaxado aRricxva ar gaakeTes, rac

kanondarRvevaa. gansakuTrebiT yvelaze meti dar-

Rveva kompania `veqtors~ aRmoaCnda. `am droisTvis

Riad rCeba edisi-cxinvalis wyalsadenis mSeneblobis

sakiTxi, romelic kompania `veqtors~ unda aeSenebina,

radgan safrTxe mosaxleobis sasmeli wyliT momaragebis

problemas exeba. aRniSnulTa dakavSirebiT

aRZrulia sisxlis samarTlis saqme da mimdinareobs

gamoZieba,~ - acxadebs kokoevi. misive TqmiT aRniSnul

sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, uwyebaTa Soris im jgufis

morigi sxdoma 2011 wlis ianvars gaimarTeba.

respublikis prezidentis mier gamocemuli brZanebis

Semdeg, romelic axalgoris raionis mosaxleobisTvis

miwis nakveTebisa da sacxovrebeli farTebis CamorTmevas

exeba, ukve gayidul saxlebze pretenziis

saqarTvelos prezidentis

iniciativas baRafSi da kokoiTi

gamoexmaurnen

mqone moqalaqeebis ricxvi gaizarda. amas xeli axal- prezident mixeil saakaSvilis mier, jer evropargorSi

Catarebulma sasamarTlo procesmac Seuwyo. lamentSi, Semdeg ki, euTos samitze gamoTqmul val-

gamotanili gadawyvetilebis mixedviT, saxlebis qadebulebas, rom teritoriuli mTlianobis aRsadgenad

rTvel myidvelebs binebis dasaclelad aTdRiani vada saqarTvelo Zalas arasdros gamoiyenebs, gancxadebe-

miecaT. rogorc Tamar mearayiSvili ambobs, patiosani biT gamoexmaurnen afxazeTis da samxreT oseTis de

myidvelebi brZolas agrZeleben da de faqto re- faqto respublikebis prezidentebi. erTmaneTisgan

spublikis uzenaes sasamarTlos mimarTaven. rogorc damoukideblad gavrcelebuli, Tumca, praqtikulad

axalgoris sakrebulos Tavmjdomarem, avTandil yo- identuri Sinaarsis gancxadebebis Tanaxmad, saqarT-

CiSvilma ganacxada rusma samxedroebma gadaadgilebivelom werilobiT unda daadasturos Zalis gamouysTvis

gamkacrebuli reJimi, ramdenime dRiT aamoqmedes, eneblobis iuridiulad ganmtkicebuli valdebuleba.

dReidan ki dabaSi Sesvla kvlav uproblemod SeiZle- sergei baRafSi da eduard kokoiTi aseve aRniSnaven,

ba; Tumca, rogorc sakrebulos Tavmjdomare ambobs, rom afxazeTi da samxreT oseTi saqarTvelos wi-

axali wlidan es reJimi isev gamkacrdeba. garda amisa, naaRmdeg Zalas ar gamoiyeneben da mxolod saerTaavTandil

yoCiSvili de faqto respublikis xelisu- Soriso samarTliT gaTvaliswinebuli Tavdacvis

flebis gadawyvetilebasac gamoexmaura, dabaSi laris uflebiT isargebleben. de faqto prezidentebis mier

mimoqcevidan amoRebis Taobaze. misi azriT, kokoiTis gavrcelebul orive gancxadebaSi naTqvamia isic, rom

xelisuflebas amis gakeTeba gauWirdeba, radgan rusi afxazeTisa da samxreT oseTis usafrTxoebis garanti

jariskacebic ki larze vaWrobas amjobineben, radgan maTi strategiuli mokavSire - ruseTia.

rublis kursi Zalian dabalia: „saqme iqiT mihyavT,

rom undaT, viTom marTla damoukidebel erTeuls

daamsgavson, magram mand lari ar aikrZaleba, radgan

mosaxleobis did nawils aqeT aqvs orientacia da

lars iyeneben. produqtebis umetesoba aqedan Sedis

da TviTonac (osebi da rusebi) lariT vaWroben“.

rogorc osuri media iuwyeba, de faqto mTavrobis

gadawyvetilebiT, axalgoris raionis teritoriaze

laris mimoqceva 2011 wlis 10 ianvridan aikrZaleba.

bolomde isic gaurkvevelia axali wlidan, rogor

SeZleben sakuTrebis mqone, magram dabis registraciis

ar mqone pirebi axalgorSi Sesvlas.

gazrdili tarifebi cxinvalSi

cxinvalis separatistulma reJimma okupirebul

teritoriaze mcxovreb mosaxlebas eleqtroenergiis

safasuri gauzarda. amis Sesaxeb informacias `osinformi~

e.w. ekonomikis ministr konstantin kolievze

dayrdnobiT avrcelebs. misi TqmiT, mosaxlebas 30%

gazrdili tarifis gadaxda 1 ianvridan mouwevT, romelic

1 vt/sT 80 kapikidan 1.14 rublamde gaizarda.

amasTan, separatistebis informaciiT, eleqtro energiis

safasuri e.w. samxreT oseTSi moRvawe mewarmeebisTvisac

gaizarda da misi Rirebuleba 1 vt/sT 1.43

rubli gaxda.

V

5


2010 weli _ konfliqtis

zonis soflebisTvis

sxva da sxva

`liaxvis xeoba~ dasavleT saqarTveloSi

mcxovrebi devnilebis problemebs gaecno

2010 weli yvelaze mZime okupirebuli terito-

sastumro ,,kolxeTSi~ mcxovrebi devnilebis

sayofacxovrebo pirobebi dRiTidRe gausaZlisi

riebis mosazRvre qarTuli soflebisTvis iyo. amas xdeba. 90-wlebis adgilnacvali pirebi am drom-

aRiarebs rogorc xelisufleba, ise opozicia. cxde avariul SenobaSi cxovroben, maTi informaciiT

invalis mosazRvre soflebSi problema kokoiTis saxuravidan wyali Camodis da kedlebic daSlis

xelisuflebis mier gadaketilma sarwyavma arxebma pirasaa misuli, rac aq cxovrebisTvis seriozul

Seqmna. gvalvian zafxulSi aTasobiT heqtari miwa safrTxes warmoadgens. moZvelebuli Senoba aRd-

mourwyavi, adgilobrivi mosaxleoba ki umosavlod genas aRar eqvemdebareba. devnilebi fiqroben, rom

darCa. amis gamo maTi socialuri mdgomareoba maTi gadayvana axal farTSi dauyonebliv unda mox-

kidev ufro damZimda. xelisuflebam sofel zemo des.Aaq macxovrebelTa didi nawilisTvis ucnobia,

niqozTan alternatiuli wyalsacavi gaakeTa, magram Seasaxleben Tu ara an rodis, axal korpusebSi, rom-

aman problema bolomde ver moagvara. wyalsacalebic e.w. ,,malTayvis~ ubanSi Sendeba.aRniSnuli

vis zemoT darCenilma soflebma wyali mainc ver sakiTxis irgvliv arsebuli detaluri procesebis

miiRes. ergneTis mcxovreb lia ClaCiZis TqmiT, farulad mimdinareobaze miuTiTeben adgilobrivi

misma Tanasoflelebma umZimesi weli gadaitanes. arasamTavrobo seqtoris warmomadgenlebi. orga-

SemodgomiT xelisuflebam dazaralebul soflebSi nizacia ,,argomedias~ xelmZRvanelis ganmartebiT

SeSa da fqvili ki Seitana, magram, adgilobrivi mTeli rigi gadawyvetilebebi iZulebiT gadaadg-

mosaxleobis azriT, es sakmarisi ar aris. adgiilebuli pirebisa da adgilobrivi mosaxleolobrivi

xelisufleba gasul wels warmatebuls bisgan damoukideblad aris miRebuli.devnilTa

uwodebs. saarCevno wels nacionaluri moZraoba adgilobriv samsaxurSi ganmartaven rom axlad-

TviTmmarTvelobaSi umravlesobiT movida. regiomSenebare korpusebSi sawyis etapze sacxovrebeli

nis vice-gubernatori zurab CxeiZe ambobs, rom farTis gareSe myof ojaxebs Seasaxleben.proeqti

okupirebuli teritoriebis mosazRvre qarTul 3 etaps moicavs, foTis meris gancxadebiT naqi-

soflebSi gasakeTebeli kidev bevria. Svebas adgiravebSi mcxovrebi devnilebis Semdeg xelisuflelobrivi

mosaxleoba momavali wlis pirvel naxba im ojaxebis Sesaxlebazec izrunebs, romelTa

evarSive igrZnobs, radgan sarwyavi wylis problema sacxovrebeli sakuTrebaSi gadacemas ar eqvem-

mTlianad mogvardeba. opozicias xelisuflebis debareba. amis mixedviT ki sastumro kolxeTSi

dapirebebis ar sjera. erovnuli forumis region- mcxovrebi devnili mosaxleoba meore etaps ekuTaluri

organizaciis lideris TqmiT, xelisuflevnis. samSeneblo samuSaoebis dasrulebas aRniSbas

konfliqtis zonaSi mcxovrebTa problemebi nanul CasaxlebaSi aprilisTvis varaudoben. dRevanklebad

adardebs da finansebis did nawils egreT deli monacemebiT foTSi sul 7304 devnili ojaxi

wodebul `fasadur~ proeqtebze xarjavs. soflad cxovrobs. momavali wlisTvis mSenebare obieqtebSi,

da qalaqad mcxovreblebic erTxmad aRiareben, rom sxvadasxva raionebidan kidev 30 aTasi devnilis

mTavar problemad dasaqmebis problema rCeba da Sesaxleba igegmeba, foTSi varaudoben, rom aseT

xelisuflebam am mimarTulebiT unda daiwyos viTarebaSi socialuri foni kidev ufro gamwvavde-

proeqtebis ganxorcieleba, xelisufleba ki, Tavis ba. mTavar problemad adgilobrivebi mosaxleobiT

mxriv, irwmuneba, rom momavali weli 2010-ze bev- gazrdil qalaqSi umuSevrobas xedaven.

rad ukeTesi iqneba.

nino CibCiuri

6 VI


gmirebi

xelisufleba gmiri

romelaSvilebis ojaxSi

rusuli agresiis Sedegad Ddevnili romelaSvilebis

ojaxi saqarTvelos xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma

moinaxules. parlamentis wevrebi: nugzar wiklauri,

goCa kuprava, daviT kirTaZe, badri basiSvili

ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis ministris moadgile andria

WuluxaZe da liaxvis xeobis goris biuros

xelmZRvaneli revaz kaxniaSvili uSualod gaesaubrnen

gmirulad daRupulTa ojaxis wevrebs, damdegi

dResaswauli miuloces da saaxalwlod saCuqrebi

gadasces. xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma ojaxis

wevrebTan erTad kidev erTxel gaixsenes levan da

giorgi romelaSvilebis gmirulad daRupvis istoria,

2008 wlis agvistos omis dros da aRniSnes, rom

eseni iyvnen is pirovnebebi, romlebiTac qveyana mudam

iamayebs. ,,_samSoblos gaerTianebisa da gaZlierebisTvis

maTi mxridan aRniSnuli saqcieli marTlac

samagaliTo unda iyos TiToeuli mamuliSvilisTvis.~

aRniSnes deputatebma. SegaxsenebT, rom romelaSvilebi

jer cxinvalidan Semdeg ki sofel xeiTidan arian

devnilebi. Zmebs sakuTari saxli cxinvalSi omis dros

Tavad dauwvavT, ,,_Tu Cven ara arc araviso~-uTqvamT.

amis Semdeg erT-erTi maTgani tankSi aafeTqes, meore

ki okupantebs dauxvretavT. Oorive Zmas meuRle da

erTi mcirewlovani qaliSvili darCa. saqarTvelos

xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma aRniSnes, rom ara

mxolod axal wels aramed saerTod, aseTi ojaxebis

mimarT xelisufleba yuradRebas arasodes moadunebs.

nino CibCiuri

Sida qarTlis gubernatoris iniciativiT gorSi verxvebis

devnilTa dasaxlebaSi inglisuri enis da kompiuteris Semswavleli

ufaso kursebi gaixsna. proeqtis prezentacia dRes zurab

arsoSvilma Tavad moawyo. proeqti germaniis teqnikuri Tanam-

Sromlobis sazogadoebis (GTZ) da goris municipalitetis

gamgeobis xelSewyobiT xorcieldeba. proeqti erTwliania da

am xnis manZilze orive specialobaSi iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli

pirebis gadamzadeba moxdeba, sxvadasxva asakobriv jgufebSi.

ofisis teqnikuri aRWurva germaniis teqnikuri TanamSromlobis

sazogadoebam da goris municipalitetis gamgeobam uzrunvelyo.

gamgeoba daafinansebs pedagogebis xelfasebsac.

VII

saqarTvelos prezidenti

Sobis brwyinvale

dResaswauls uSgulSi Sexvda

saqarTvelos prezidenti mixeil saakaSvili Sobis

brwyinvale dResaswauls uSgulSi, lamariis saxelobis

eklesiaSi, uSgulis mosaxleobasTan erTad Sexvda.

mixeil saakaSvilTan erTad, uSgulSi saparlamento

umravlesobis, ramdenime warmomadgenelic imyofeboda:

ganaTlebis, mecnierebisa da kulturis komitetis

Tavmjdomare giorgi gabaSvili, dargobrivi ekonomikisa

da ekonomikuri politikis komitetis Tavmjdomare

giorgi melaZe, didi da patara liaxvis xeobis

maJoritari deputati badri basiSvili, evropasTan

integraciis komitetis Tavmjdomare daviT darCiaSvili,

iuridiul sakiTxTa komitetis Tavmjdomare pavle

kublaSvili, Tavdacvisa da uSiSroebis komitetis

wevri goCa kuprava, prezidentis rwmunebuli samegrelo-zemo

savaneTSi zaza gorozia, Tbilisis meri gigi

ugulava.

sadResaswaulo liturgia mestiisa da zemo svane-

Tis eparqiis episkoposma meufe ilarionma aRavlina.

lamariis saxelobis eklesia me-12 saukuneSi aSenda,

uSgulSi ki sul 40 komli cxovrobs. Sobis Rame

prezidentma uSgulSi im mosaxleobasTan erTad

gaatara, romlebic sakuTar saxlebs rTuli meteorologiuri

pirobebis miuxedavadac ar toveben. mixeil

saakaSvilma da masTan erTad myofma xelisuflebis

warmomadgenlebma, saqarTvelos yvelaze maRal

mTiani regionidan Sobis brwyinvale dResaswauli

miuloces mTel saqarTvelos, RvTis mfarveloba da

gaerTianebul saqarTveloSi cxovreba usurves.

inglisuri enis da kompiuteris

Semswavleli ufaso kursebi

7


werovanSi mTavroba

xalxs Sexvda

werovnis resurscentrSi, organizacia ,,ukeTesi

momavlisTvis“ iniciativiT municipalitetis warmomadgenlebsa

da devnilebs Soris Sexvedra moewyo,

romelsac, mcxeTis, eredvis da qurTis municipalitetis

TanamSromlebi eswrebodnen.

organizacia ,,ukeTesi momavlisTvis,“ resurscentris

da mTavrobis warmomadgenlebs Soris dialogis

mTavar Temas werovanSi Casaxlebuli devnilebi

warmoadgenda. aris Tu ara valdebuli mcxeTis municipaliteti

daexmaros devnilebs problemebis mogvarebis

TvalsazrisiT, ramdenad Seswevs Zala amisTvis,

ra ufro prioritetulia iZulebiT gadaadgilebul

pirTa problemebis mosagvareblad, es is SekiTxvebia,

rac am Sexvedris dros daisva.

resurscentris xelmZRvanelis, baia romelaSvilis

kiTxvaze, Tu ra saxis SekiTxvebiT mimarTaven

devnilebi maT, socialuri samsaxuris ufrosma marina

zurabiSvilma upasuxa, rom ufro xSirad janmrTelobis

mdgomareobis gauaresebis dros da samedicini

dawesebulebaSi Tanxis gadaricxvis moTxovniT

mimarTaven, rac, misive gancxadebiT, SeZlebisdagvarad

wydeba. mcxeTis municipalitetis warmomadgenlebma

iseTi magaliTebic moiyvana, rodesac xalxi umniSvnelo

problemebis gamo raionis xelmZRvanelobas

akiTxavs (mag. naTuris gadawvis, onkanis gaRebis da da

msgavsi sakiTxebis gamo). saubari avtosatransporto

da Sida gzebsac Seexo. rogorc raionis xelmZRvaneloba

aRniSnavs, werovanSi gzis moasfaltebis

sakiTxi dRis wesrigSi dgas da Sesabamisi samuSaoebi

mimdinare wels daiwyeba.

mcxeTis mTavrobis warmomadgenlebma is faqtebic

gaixsenes, rodesac gasuli wlis zafxulSi werovanSi

wyalkanalis seriozuli safrTxe Seiqmna, romlis

mogvarebaSic mTavari roli swored mcxeTis mTavrobam

Seasrula.

Sexvedris iniciatoris, nana Cqareulis mier

gamoiTqva mosazreba devnilTa CasaxlebaSi gamwvanebis

aqciis mowyobis Sesaxeb. zepiri SeTanxmebis mixedviT,

organizacia `ukeTesi momavlisaTvis“ werovanSi xeebs

mTavrobasTan erTad dargavs.

msgavsi tipis Sexvedra werovnis resurscentrSi

18 dekembers ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis saministros

TanamSromelTan, q–n iulia xaraSvilTan Sedga.

stumarTan dialogi ufro araoficialur sakiTxebze

warimarTa, magaliTad, rogoria qalis roli saqarTveloSi,

ram gadaawyvetina afxazeTidan devnil qals

aqtiur sazogadoebriv saqmianobaSi CarTva, rogor

arTmevs Tavs siZneleebs da rogor uZRveba metad

mravalferovan da saintereso saqmianobas igi da a S.

samTavrobo struqturis wevrebTan da sazogado

moRvaweebTan devnilebis Sexvedras resurscentri

da organizacia ,,ukeTesi momavlisaTvis“ momavalSic

gegmaven.

nana kaxniaSvili

8 VIII

sxva da sxva

www.kheoba.ge

`xeobis macnes~ internet

gverdi erTi wlisaa

ukve erTi welia gazeT ,,xeobis macnes” mkiTxveli

eleqtronuli versiiTac ecnoba, internetmisamarTze

www.kheoba.ge. garda amisa erTi

wlis ganmavlobaSi saiti operatiulad avrcelebs

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirebTan dakavSirebul

siaxleebs da konfliqtis zonaSi mimdinare movlenebs.

xelisuflebis mier CasaxlebebSi dagegmil

Tu ganxorcielebul saqmeebs devnilebi ZiriTadad

aRniSnuli saitidan igeben.

,,CasaxlebebSi arsebul saTemo centrebSi gvaqvs

internetiT sargeblobis saSualeba, bevr maTgans

kompiuteri kotejSic aqvs. gazeTis gamosvlamde

CvenTan dakavSirebul informaciebs xeobis saitidan

vecnobiT. garda amisa, www.kheoba.ge ze Cveni

xeobis salocavebis fotoebsac vaTvalierebT. salocavebis

garda, galereaSi monatrebul adgilebsac

vxvdebiT.~ aRniSnaven ,,xeobis macnes~ erTguli

mkiTxvelebi.

,,Cveni saiti ukve 1 welia aqtiurad moqmedebs.

,,xeobis macnes” saredaqcio kolegia maqsimalurad

cdilobs devnilebs swrafad da amomwuravad miawodos

yvela is informacia, rac maT exebaT. Cven

kidev ufro daxvewil tempSi ganvagrZobT muSaobas

da axali wlidan muSaobis axal relsebze

gadavinacvlebT, imisTvis, rom Cvens adgilnacval

xeobelebs swrafad da droulad mivawodoT

maTTvis saintereso ambebi.~_acxadeben ,,xeobis

macnes~saredaqcio kolegiaSi. maTi TqmiT gamocemis

erTguli mkiTxvelisTvis 2011 weli ufro metad

aqtiuri iqneba. axali wlidan ,,xeobis macne~

devnilebs bevr saintereso siurprizs pirdeba.

nino CibCiuri


politika

`2 weliwadSi ubinao devnili ar unda arsebobdes~

devnilTa mimarT samoqmedo gegmis miRwevebi da

saWiroebebi ganixiles sastumro „Seraton–Si“.

dokumenti – „devnilTa mimarT samoqmedo gegmis

ganxorcielebaSi miRwevebisa da saWiroebebis

Sesaxeb“, okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT

gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa

saministrom donorebs, diplomatiur korpuss,

saerTaSoriso da arasamTavrobo organizaciebs warudgina.

saqarTvelos mTavrobis mier, damtkicebuli

devnilTa mimarT saxelmwifo strategiis

ganxorcielebisTvis. 2010 wlis dasawyisSi Seiqmna

devnilTa gansaxlebis strategia da samoqmedo

gegma. aRniSnuli dokumenti SemuSavda saministrosa

da saerTaSoriso organizaciebis TanamSromlobiT,

romelic moicavs informacias 2008 wlidan

dRemde miRweul Sedegebisas; gansaxlebis sferoSi

arsebuli saWiroebebis, pasuxismgebeli mxareebis,

Senobebisa da beneficiarebis SerCevis principebis,

komunikaciisa da privatizaciis gegmebis, aseve, socio-ekonomikuri

ganviTarebis Sesaxeb. dokumentSi

mocemulia strategiis ganxorcielebis sami faza

da am fazebSi ganxorcielebuli Tu dagegmili

saqmianobebis CamonaTvali. donorebma gaweuli samuSao

dadebiTad Seafases da aRniSnes, rom saministrosTan

TanamSromloba aqtiurad gagrZeldeba.

„Cven nayofierad vTanamSromlobT saministrosTan.

erTad vaxorcielebT proeqtebs da amerikis mTavroba

apirebs, devnilTa sacxovrebliT uzrunvelsayofad

dafinanseba gazardos. Cven Tavs vTvliT

saministros partniorebad. dRevandel Sexvedraze

me, amerikis SeerTebul Statebis devnilTa migraciis

biuros mier SemuSavebuli proeqti warmovadgine,

romelic devnilebis gansaxlebisken

iqneba mimarTuli. moxaruli var, rom msgavsi kon-

ferenciebi imarTeba,“ – aRniSna aSS–s regionalurma

koordinatorma ltolvilTa sakiTxebSi gregori

gardnerma. ministris, koba subelianis TqmiT,

2 weliwadSi qveyanaSi ubinao devnilebi ar unda

arsebobdnen: „Cveni angariSi moicavs ra gaakeTa saxelmwifom

devnilTa dasakmayofileblad, sacxovrebeli

farTebis gadasacemad, saremonto –sareabilitacio

samuSaoebisTvis da devnilTa dasaqmebisTvis.

aseve, ganvixileT momavali wlis gegmebi.

2011 wels regionebSi saremonto samuSaoebi da

mSenebloba gagrZeldeba. Cveni gegmis Tanaxmad, uaxloes

2 weliwadSi ubinao devnili ar unda arsebobdes.“

rac Seexeba sxva gegmebs, saministros

administraciuli departamentis xelmZRvanelis,

valeri kopaleiSvilis TqmiT: „mimdinare proeqtebia,

mSenebloba wyaltuboSi, igegmeba mSeneblobebi

saqarTvelos sxva qalaqebSic. aseve, gagrZeldeba

arsebuli kompaqturi Casaxlebebisa da karkasuli

Senobebis reabilitacia da sacxovreblad gadakeTdeba,

sadac devnilebi Sesaxldebian. misive TqmiT,

procesi manam gagrZeldeba, sanam yvela devnili ar

dakmayofildeba.

nino CibCiuri

devnilebisTvis regionebSi mSenebloba 2011 welsac gagrZeldeba

saqarTvelos regionuli ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis saministros municipaluri ganviTarebis

fondma 2010 wlis Sedegebi Seajama da 2011 wels dagegmili proeqtebi waradgina. RonisZieba premier

ministrma nika gilaurma gaxsna, romelic fondis sameTvalyureo sabWos Tavmjdomareobs. warmatebul

190 proeqtSi Sedis devnilebisTvis ganxorcielebuli proeqtebic. premier ministrma aRniSna, rom

msgavsi proeqtebi qveynis ganviTarebisTvis aucilebelia: „Cveni saboloo mizania qveynis ekonomikuri

ganviTareba. Zalian bevri mniSvnelovani samuSao Sesrulda Tundac devnilebisTvis da es procesi 2011

welsac gagrZeldeba.“ fondis aRmasrulebeli direqtoris, levan WiWinaZis TqmiT, mTeli saqarTvelos

masStabiT, 2010 wels devnilebisTvis 3000–ze meti sacxovrebeli obieqtis reabilitacia da aRdgena

moxda. rac Seexeba 2011 wels, misive TqmiT: „wyaltuboSi 42 korpusSi mimdinareobs muSaoba, sadac

devnilebi Casaxldebian. aWaraSi ki dagegmilia 52 korpusis mSenebloba.“ okupirebuli teritoriebidan

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministrma aRniSna, rom procesi manam

gagrZeldeba, sanam sacxovrebel farTs yvela devnili ar miiRebs. koba subeliani: „donorebis daxmarebiT

da municipaluri ganviTarebis fondis meSveobiT, regionebSi, karkasul mdgomareobaSi arsebuli Senobebi

binebad gadakeTda da afxazeTidan devnilebs gadaecaT. aseve, garemontda koleqtiuri centrebi.

2011 wels regionebSi igegmeba 60–mde karkasuli Senobis binebad gadakeTeba da aseve afxazeTidan

devnilebisTvis gadacema. regionebSi aseve daiwyeba axali mSeneblobebi. ase rom, regionebSi devnilTa

biniT dakmayofilebis procesi manam gagrZeldeba, sanam TiToeuli devnili ojaxi farTiT ar iqneba

uzrunvelyofili.“ angariSis prezentacias prezidentis administraciis ufrosi, fondis sameTvalyureo

sabWos TanaTavmjdomare daviT tyeSelaSvili, regionuli ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis ministri,

fondis sameTvalyureo sabWos Tavmjdomare ramaz nikolaiSvili, mTavrobis wevrebi da saerTaSoriso

organizaciis warmomadgenlebic daeswrnen.

nino CibCiuri

IX

9


10

,,socialuri daxmarebis

programa~

saaxalwlod

sakrebulos gadawyvetilebis Sedegad qur-

Tis municipalitetis administraciis samsaxurma

wina saaxalwlod socialuri daxmarebebis Sesaxeb

gancxadeba gaavrcela, romlis mixedviT 100 larian

daxmarebas miiReben Semdegi kategoriebi: mravalSvilianebi,

80 wels gadacilebulebi, unarSezRudulebi,

ded-mamiT oboli arasrulwlovanebi, usinaTloebi,

teritoriuli mTlianobis brZolis dros

dainvalidebulebi da daRupulTa ojaxebi, aseve gardacvalebulTa

da axalSobilTa ojaxebi. qurTis municipalitetis

gamgeobis administraciis ufrosis

badri goCaSvilis informaciiT, 2010 wels gardacvlilTa

raodenoba liaxvis xeobidan devnilebSi 80iT

ganisazRvra, xolo axalSobilebis ricxvma 160-s

miaRwia. misive ganmartebiT, socialuri daxmarebis

programasTan dakavSirebiT Sesabamis samsaxurSi am

droisaTvis 444 gancxadebaa Sesuli da maTi dakmayofilebis

procesi ukve dawyebulia, daxmarebebis

gacema 2011 wlis ianvramde gagrZeldeba. saerTo

jamSi aRniSnuli programisTvis qurTis municipalitetidan

sul 55 aTasi lari gamoiyo. SegaxsenebT,

rom devnilma municipalitetebma iZulebiT

gadaadgilebul pirebSi aRniSnuli erTjeradi saxis

daxmareba, liaxvis xeobis maJoritari deputatis

badri basiSvilis iniciativiT gasul welsac ganaxorciela.

gancxadeba

didi da patara liaxvis xeobis maJoritari deputatis

badri basiSvilis biuroSi cxaddeba vakansia deputatis

mdivnis, saqmis mwarmoeblis Tanamdebobaze;

agreTve qurTis municipalitetis gamgeobaSi iuristis

Tanamdebobaze;

msurvelebma gTxovT warmoadginoT Semdegi dokumentacia:

avtobiografia.

diplomis asli;

piradobis mowmobis asli;

q. Tbilisi, daviT aRmaSeneblis quCa N 89/24.

sabuTebis miRebis bolo vadaa 2011 wlis 10 marti

X

socialuri Tema

,,2011 – gasul

welze ukeTesi

iqneba~

2008 wlis agvistos omis Sedegad devnileb-

Si saaxalwlo ganwyoba naklebad SeiniSneboda.

dResaswauli bevrisTvis Cveulebrivi dReebisgan

arafriT gansxvavdeba. arasaTanado ganwyobas

devnilebis umravlesoba, dRevandel yofa-cxovrebas

ukavSirebs.zogierTi maTgani ambobs, rom dagrovili

problemebis didi nawili amdromde

gadauWreli rCeba. gansakuTrebul ukmayofilebas

goris narkologiuri centris avariul SenobaSi

mcxovrebi devnilebi gamoTqvamen. erT-erT aqtualur

sakiTxs CasaxlebebSi gaeros programis Sewyvetaa,

ris Sedegadac wels devnilebSi sasursaTo

produqtis Setana Sewyda.Ddevnilebis mdgomareoba

wels gansakuTrebulad gaarTula gazafxulze mosulma

Zlierma wvimam, ris Sedegadac dazaralebulebs

svel kotejebSi yofna uwevdaT. zogierTi

maTgani ki xelisuflebis mxidan wels gamoCenili

yuradRebiT kmayofilia. Sida qarTlis regionSi

devnili municipalitetebi 2010 wels warmatebuls

uwodeben. xelisufleba ar uaryobs rom,

wvril-wvrili problemebi jer isev gadauWrelia,

magram is rac droul yuradRebas saWiroebda Sei-

Zleba iTqvas, rom srulad aRmofxvrilia. farTis

siviwroveze saubroben sabavSvo baRebSi Sesaxlebulebic.

ori wlis Semdegac isev rCebian devnilebi,

statusis, fuladi kompensaciis an sacxovrebeli

farTiT dakmayofilebis molodinSi. Ddevnilebi

mTavar problemad umuSevrobas miiCneven, romlis

mogvarebas wels ZiriTadad arasamTavrobo organizaciebi

cdilobdnen.Eeqspertebis azriT gasul

welTan SedarebiT devnilebis mdgomareobis TvalsazrisiT

2010 weli ukeTesi aRmoCnda. Aasea Tu

iseAaxali wels devnilebi mainc problemebiT Sexvdnen.

xelisufleba irwmuneba, rom adgilnacvali

pirebis mimarT yuradRebas ar moaduneben. devnilebi

imedovneben rom 2011 gasul welze ukeTesi

iqneba.

nino CibCiuri


kultura

werovnis sabavSvo baRis

aRsazrdelebi

nana aleqsandria

werovanSi

ukve weliwadze metia, rac

devnilTa yvelaze did dasaxleba

werovanSi sabavSvo baRi funqcionirebs.

Tanamedrove standartebis

doneze aRWurvil sabavSvo baRSi

dRes axalgoridan, liaxvis da fronis

xeobidan devnili bavSvebi dadian.

aq maT garTobis, dasvenebis da

saTanado codnis misaRebad yvelanairi

piroba aqvT . gasuli wlis

zafxulSi sabavSvo baRi uyuradRebod

arc samxreT oseTis administracias

dautovebia. dimitri sanakoevi

sabavSvo baRis xelmZRvanelobis

gancxadebas saTanado literaturiT

momaragebis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT

yuradRebiT moekida da devnili

bavSvebis gulis mogebac moaxerxa, _

saCuqrad maT uamravi wigni da saTamaSo

Cautana.

komfortul, higienuri Tvalsaz-

risiT mowyobil sabavSvo baRSi am-

Jamad saaRmzrdelo dawesebulebis

garda ganTavsebulia werovnis

resurscentric. ise, rogorc saqarTvelos

arcerT skolamdel dawesebulebaSi,

aRsazrdelebi aq yovelgvari

gadasaxadis gareSe dahyavT.

mSoblebis gancxadebiT, baRi fasiani

rom iyos, bavSvTa kontigenti Zalze

mcire iqneboda, radgan socialur

zRvars qvemoT myof mosaxleobas

Tundac mizeruli gadasaxadis

gadaxdis saSualebac ki ar aqvs.

mimdinare wlis ianvarSi saaRmzrdelo

dawesebulebas marTlac da sapatio

qalbatoni estumra . msoflio

Cempionma WadrakSi nana aleqsandriam

devnil bavSvebs sakvebi produqtebi

Cautana da aRmzrdel-maswavleblebs

gaesaubra. gasaubrebis Sedegad aRmoCnda,

rom iseve rogorc zogadad

werovanSi, endokrinologiuri daavadebis

procentuli maCvenebeli, samwuxarod,

maRalia sabavSvo baRSic

da rogorc ufrosebTan, Ciyvis problema

umcrosebTanac dgas, rac saa-

Rmzrdelo dawesebulebis direqtoris,

eka midelaSvilis gancxadebiT,

stumarma qalbatonma gulTan axlos

miitana. sabavSvo baRSi imedovneben,

rom qalbaton nana aleqsandrias

iniciativiT, werovanSi maRalprofesional

medikosTa jgufi Cava

da saTanado aparaturis meSveobiT

aRniSnul problemas adgilzeve

gamoikvleven.

nana kaxniaSvili

,,yvelaze Wkviani~

devnili

moswavle

2010 wlis 22 dekembers, goris me-4 sajaro skolis meore, klasSi

Catarda inteleqtualuri Sejibri ,,yvelaze Wkviani.~ konkursi 7 baliani

sistemiT Sefasda. Tavdapirvelad konkursSi 3 finalisti unda gamovleniliyo.

magram sabolood 5 saukeTeso moswavle dasaxelda. saWiro iyo sa-

Tadarigo kiTxvebis dasmac, magram vinaidan msgavsi saxis konkursi pirvelad

Catarda skolaSi xuTive bavSvi dajildovda fasiani saCuqrebiT da sigeliT

,,yvelaze Wkviani.~ finalistebad dasaxeldnen: 1. giorgi maisuraZe, 2. veriko

kasraZe, 3. salome meqvabiSvili, 4. nikoloz cxvedaZe, 5. jemal oniaSvili

gamarjvebul moswavleebs warmateba miuloca specialurad mowveulma

stumarma-goris municipalitetis kulturisa da ganaTlebis samsaxuris

specialistma nino tatiaSvilma. RonisZiebis dasasruls klasis damrigebelma,

lia meqvabiSvilma aRniSna, rom msgavsi saxis Sejibrebebi skolaSi

erTjeradi xasiaTis ar iqneba da moswavleTa gaaqtiurebis mizniT igi momavalSic

Catardeba. aRsaniSnavia, rom goris meore sajaro skolaSi 2008

wlis agvistos omis Semdeg, moswavleTa 30% iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli

bavSvebi Seadgenen.

XI

cxinvalis Teatri devnili

patarebisTvis

liaxvis maJoritari deputatis

badri basiSvilis iniciativiTa

da samxreT oseTis droebiTi

administraciis erToblivi

organizebiT, goris kulturis

centrSi devnil patarebs cxinvalis

ivane maCablis saxelobis

saxelmwifo dramatuli Teatris

msaxiobebma saaxalwlo zRapari

,,pepi grZeli winda~ warudgines.

zRapris gmirebma bavSvebs damdegi

Soba-axali weli miuloces da is

dRe gaulamazes. patarebic aqtiurad

CaerTvnen zRaparSi da msaxiobebis

mier naTqvam gamocanebs

swrafad pasuxobdenen. rogorc

Teatris mmarTvelma zaal TediaSvilma

,,xeobis macnesTan~ saubarSi

aRniSna, RonisZiebis mizani iZulebiT

gadaadgilebuli bavSvebis gaxaliseba

da saaxalwlo ganwyobis

Seqmnaa. 28 msaxiobi monacvleobiT

cdilobs sakuTari misia patara

mayurebelTan pirnaTlad ganaxorcielos.

msgavsi saxis RonisZiebiT

cxinvalis Teatrma goris garda

werovnis da kodis devnilTa Casaxlebebic

moicva. mmarTvelis informaciiT,

cxinvalis Teatrs axal

wels 135 weli usruldeba da

saiubileo TariRTan dakavSirebiT

gamarTul speqtaklebze msaxiobebi

devnili mayureblis Tbilis-

Si miwvevasac gegmaven. RonisZieba

kulturis centrSi erT saaTs

gagrZelda. msaxiobebi etapobrivad

scenas SemoqmedebiT jgufebsac

uTmobdnen. RonisZiebis dasasruls

msaxiobebma devnili patarebic aiyolies

da cekva simReriT maTTan

erTad darbazi Semoiares. kulturis

centridan gamosul bavSvebs

,,Tovlis babuas saCuqrebi~ qurTisa

da eredvis municipalitetebis

TanamSromlebma daaxvedres.

11


Tasis miRma da ligaSi dasarCenad

Tebervlamde saqarTvelos erovnul safexburTo

Cempionatis umaRles ligaSi Sesvenebaa, gundebi ardadegebze

wavidnen, Tumca es taim-auti mwvrTnelfexburTelTaTvis

mxolod ori kvira gagrZeldeba.

isini maleve Seikribebian sezonis ganaxlebisaTvis

rigianad mosamzadeblad. Sesvenebazea umaRles ligis

binadari cxinvalis `spartakic~, romlis gamosvlis

Sefasebasac Cempionatis pirvel etapis mixedviT qvemoT

SemogTavazebT.

gasuli sezonis arcTu urigod Catarebis Semdeg,

rodesac cxinvalelebma ligaSi mexuTe adgili

daikaves, qveynis Tasze ki naxevarfinalSi gavidnen

mimdinare sezonSi gulSematkivari `spartakisgan~

ukve ufro did miRwevebs eloda. Tumca Cempionatis

starti gundma metad arasaxarbielo aiRo. `spartaki~

pirvelive turebidan saturniro cxrilis

fskerze damkvidrda, magram isic gasaTvaliswinebelia,

rom Cempionatis dasawyisSi cxinvalelebs gaTamaSebis

favoritebTan mouwiaT paeqroba. ase, Tu ise maT `zestafonTan~,

`olimpTan~, `dinamosTan~ da `vit jorjiasTan~

matCebSi erTaderTi qula aiRes, mxolod 2

burTi gaitanes, xolo sakuTar karSi 9 miiRes. Sesabamisad

aravisTvis didi moulodneloba ar yofila,

rodesac klubis Tavkacebis gadawyvetilebiT mTavari

mwvrTneli goCa Ciqovani oqtomberSi postidan wavida

da gundis gawvrTna axalgazrda specialists badri

kvaracxelias miando. sainteresoa, rom kvaracxelias

iqamde esoden sapasuxismgeblo posti arasodes ekava

romelime gundSi, Tumca ki imave `spartakSi~ dublSemadgenlobas

xelmZRvanelobda. miuxedavad amisa misi

muSaobiT motanili pozitiuri SedegisTvis didi xnis

lodini ar gamxdara saWiro. `spartakma~ axaldaniSnuli

Tavkacis xelSi nayofieri noember-dekemberi

Caatara, sZlia-ra uSualo konkurentebs zugdidis

`baias~ (2:0), foTis `kolxeTs~ (4:0) da Cempionatis

erT-erT liders `vit jorjias~ (1:0), xolo `zestafonTan~

qula gaiyo. samwuxarod cxinvalelebma

analogiuri warmatebiT veRar iasparezes Tasis

gaTamaSebis, sadac meoTxedfinalur etapze imave `vit

jorjiasTan~, damarcxdnen ori matCis jamSi 1:3 da

gamoeTiSnen Tasis gaTamaSebas. gunds axla umTavresi

miznad ligaSi adgilis SenarCuneba aqvs dasaxuli,

rac bolo xans maTi TamaSis erTob gamosworebuli

xarisxidan gamomdinare gadauWreli amocana ar unda

iyos.

qomagTa yuradRebas SevaCerebT gundis saTamaSo

12 XII

sporti

stilsa da fexburTelebze, romelTa zurgzec gadaiara

sezonis ganvlili monakveTis paeqrobebma.

gundis saTamaSo taqtikuri sqema rogorc Ciqovanis,

ise kvaracxelias xelmZRvanelobiT TiTqmis identuri

iyo. kerZod, saSinao matCebSi formula gaxldaT

4-4-2, xolo _ stumrad 4-5-1. warmatebis miRwevas

`spartaki~ ZiriTadad mobiluri Sua xazis, aqtiuri

flangebis da iqidan Cawodebebis gamoxmaurebisas TavdasxmelTa

produqtiuli TamaSiT cdilobda. kars gamocdili

qarTveli kiperi soso griSikaSvili icavda.

amaTTan igi gundis lideri da kapitani gaxldaT.

swored griSikaSvilis damsaxurebiT da Tavganwiruli

garjis wyalobiT iqna mopovebuli, ramdenime

metad saWiro qula. dacvaSi orive mwvrTneli upiratesobas

aniWebdnen xazze ganlagebul oTx mcvels.

maTgan centraluri mcvelebis funqcias umeteswilad

tetunaSvili da kameruneli legioneri boiomo fridolini

iTavsebdnen, flangeli mcvelebi ki periodulad

icvlebodnen (aqubardia, WafoZe, korsantia,

lobJaniZe). naxevardacva rogorc zemoTac aRvniSneT

`spartakis~ erTgvari koziri iyo. centrs yvela

matCSi saqarTvelos axalgazrduli nakrebis erTerTi

wamyvani figura Teimuraz Sonia amagrebda, visac

ampluis mixedviT partniorobas uwevdnen mgelaZe, kakaSvili,

v. bolqvaZe... naxevardacvis marjvena flangze

gamocdili SoTa kaSia irjeboda, romelmac Sonias

msgavsad TiTqmis yvela SexvedraSi iTamaSa, sapirispiro

flangze ki monacvleobiT vxedavdiT saraliZes,

dekanoiZes, maisuraZes. es ukanaskneli amJamindeli

formaciis `spartakis~ yvelaze staJiani wevri iyo

(Tumca aqve aRvniSnavT, rom man daTmobili saTamaSo

droiT ukmayofilebis gamo gundi ukve datova da

Cempionatis ganaxlebas sxvagan Sexvdeba). Tavdasxmis

xazi yvelaze susti gaxldaT cxinvalelTa rigebSi.

zogadad amaze metyvelebs gundis mier gatanili mxolod

18 goli (amdenive matCSi), Tumca Tu gaviTvaliswinebT,

rom aqedan ampluiT TavdamsxmelTa angariSze

oden 6 golia, advili warmosadgeni xdeba

maTi TamaSis produqtiuloba. SemtevTa Soris sagulisxmoa

gundSi dekemberSi Caricxuli mixeil baraba-

Zis kargi TamaSi, man mxolod sam SexvedraSi moaswro

monawileoba da ori golis gatana mainc SeZlo.

rasac ver vityviT gundis kot divuarel legioner

tieri klovisze, romelmac 16 matCSi mxolod 4-jer

aiRo metoqis kari.

gagacnobT yvela fexburTelis Sedegs ganvlil 18

turSi (fexburTeli gvaris gverdiT miTiTebulia

naTamaSebi matCebis odenoba, frCxilebSi gatanili

golebi, minusiT mekaris mier gaSvebuli burTebis raodenoba):

griSikaSvili 17 (-21), WafoZe 18, boiomo 15,

TavberiZe 5, korsantia 9, kaSia 18 (10), Sonia 18 (4),

mgelaZe 8 (1), saraliZe 5, klovisi 16 (4), dekanioZe

13 (2), CalaZe 11, maisuraZe 7 (1), xaWvani 6, jiSkariani

1, buzalaZe 8, bolqvaZe 8 (2), aqubardia 5, dauSvili

2 (-2), jayeli 3, alaviZe 7, babulaiZe 8, narimaniZe

4, Zagania 8, kakaSvili 6, mamudovi 2, tetunaSvili 8,

lobJaniZe 4, barabaZe 3 (2), zerekiZe 2, WiWveiSvili

(zugdidis `baia~ sak. karSi).

`spartakma~ saSinao SexvedraTa didi nawili

Cveulebisamebr gorSi `qarTlis~ stadionze gamarTa,

Tumca maspinZlis ampluaSi ramdenjerme TbilisSi

`lokomitivis~ stadionzec aqvs naTamaSebi.

vasil balaxaZe


eligia

meufe anania:

Cveni sicocxle

Cveni enis, kulturisa da tradiciis codnaa

manglisi-walkis episkoposi meufe anania (jafariZe) ukve

18 welia rac am eparqiis mwyemsmTavaria. qarTuli samRvdeloebis

Rvawli mudam ganuzomeli iyo qveynisa da eris winaSe.

eklesia mudam amTlianebda ers da arasodes gadauxvevia

wminda marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoebisagan.

meufes dRevandel qarTul realobaze da iloris wminda

giorgis taZris xelyofis faqtze sasaubrod vewvieT. meufem

gulistkiviliT aRniSna, rom Tu momavali Taobis religiuri

aRzrda ar daviwyeT savalalo Sedegs daaxloebiT

ormoci wlis Semdeg miviRebT.

_ dagvloce meufe...

_ siyvaruliT glocavT da

gakurTxebT.

_ meufe, dekembris Tve gansakuTrebulad

gamoirCeva wmindanTa

dResaswaulebis simravliT. qarTvelebi

odiTganve did pativs

miagebdnen wmindanebs da maT saxelzec

uamravi eklesiaa agebuli.

_ marTlac sixaruliT gauwyebT,

rom dekemberSi bevri wmindanis

xsenebis dRea. amjerad

wminda nikolozze visaubreb. yvelas

mogexsenebaT, rom yvela qarTvelis

sayvareli wmindania wmin-

da nikolozi da misi saxelobis

uamravi eklesia gvaqvs. uwmindesmac

ineba da sagangebo locva miuZRvna

wminda nikolozs, am locviT

wmindans SesTxova qarTveli

eris mfarveloba. nikorwmindis

taZari wminda nikolozis saxelobisaa

da nikorwmindac amitom

ewoda. wminda nikolozi moSurne

da Tavdadebuli iyo marTlmadidebeli

sarwmunoebisaTvis. is maSin

icavda marTlmadideblobas, roca

Zalian uWirda wminda eklesias.

me-4 s-Si brZola mimdinareobda

arianelobasTan. am dros ariozis

XIII

mwvalebloba Zalian gavrcelda

da ise gaZlierda, rom ukve saimperatoro

karze fexi moikida da

episkoposebis mcire nawilic Cai-

Tria. nikeis saeklesio krebaze

wminda nikolozis da sxva sasuliero

mamebis Tavdadeba, rom ara, vin

icis ra mimarTulebiT wavidoda es

eresi. yovladwminda RvTismSobeli

aZlierebda da ecxadeboda wmindans

am did brZolaSi. saqarTvelo

rogorc RvTismSoblis da aseve

Cveni patriarqis vedrebiT wminda

nikolozis wilxvedri qveyanacaa.

me-4 saukuneSi gansakuTrebuli

sisastikiT idevneboda qristianoba

da swored am dros cxovrobs

wminda barbare. Cveni xalxis siyvaruli

gansakuTrebulia am wmindanis

mimarT da amas adasturebs

is uamravi eklesia romelic mis

saxelzea agebuli. qarTveli

xalxi wmindanis saxelze acxobs

namcxvrebs da lobianebs. es

tradicia maSinac ki ar darRveula,

roca aTeistebi komunisturi re-

Jimis dros devnidnen qristianul

rjuls.

_ meufe, wminda barbares xsenebis

dRes yvela ojaxSi Sedis mefexuri

(mekvle). es religiuri Tu

qarTuli ZirZveli tradiciaa?

_ es Cveni ZirZveli tradiciaa

da gamoxatavs swored am wmindanis

siyvaruls. is, rac saqarTveloSi

am dRes qarTul ojaxSi xdeba,

arsad mTel msoflioSi ar xdeba.

barbare vinaidan ubiwo da wminda

qalwulia, es tradicia swored siwmindesTan

aris dakavSirebuli.

_ meufe, afxazeTSi iloris

wminda giorgis eklesiis kedlebi

gadaaTeTres da gumbaTic

Seucvales. es rusuli politikis

kvalia, romelic uwinac ar erideboda

qarTuli kulturis waSlas

Cvens eklesia-monastrebSi.

_ es Zalze sawyeni da samwuxaro

saqcielia, romelic ar

ekadreba rus morwmuneebs da mrevls.

mec gavixseneb erT ambavs: msgavsi

saqcieli marto afxazeTSi

ar xdeba, axlaxans viyavi ukrainaSi

da erT-erTi saswaulmoqmedi xatis

mosalocad mivedi brailovis

monasterSi, romelic ukrainaSi

ruseTis iurisdiqciaSia moqceuli.

am dros monazonma Semoiyvana

mlocvelTa jgufi monasterSi da

uxsnis ras niSnavs, marxva, eklesia

da a.S am dros momesma sityva

afxazeTi. ar mivaqcie yuradReba,

meored oseTi rom axsena mivubrundi

Cems gverdiT mdgoms da vkiTxe

ratom axsena am monazonma oseTi.

13


im adamianma miambo, rom RvTismSoblis

xatma daicva osi qalebi da

bavSvebi kaciWamia qarTvelebisgan,

romlebic maT mosaklavad iyvnen

misulebio.Ggamikvirda aTasxuTaswlovani

didi literatura gvaqvs

da arc erT striqonSi ar wamikiTxavs

RvTismSobeli da oseTi. mivedi

monazonTan da vkiTxe Tqven iciT

ras ambobT? monazonmac igive gamimeora

da daayola RvTismSoblis

eklesiis Tavze gamocxadebam qarTveli

boevikebi gaaSeSao. vuTxari

rogor SeiZleba xalxs mcdar

istorias rom uambobT, saidan moitaneT

es informacia. monazonma

miTxra, rom giorgi alanskim gamoaqveyna

moskovis centralur

marTlmadideblur saitze da mec

wavikiTxeo. giorgi alanski aris

TviTmarqvia mRvdeli, romelmac

Tavi ikurTxa cxinvalSi episkoposad.

imave dRes vnaxeT es saiti.

iq daxatul cxinvalis eklesias

aweria `aTswlovani osuri eklesia~.

am saitze devs uzarmazari

damuSavebuli, gayalbebuli masala.

am saits kiTxuloben saberZneTSi,

rumineTSi, ruseTSi da fiqroben

damuSavebulia samecniero masala,

moyvanilia wyaroebi da Turme

rac qarTvelebs kultura hqoniaT

yvelaferi alanuri kultura yofila.

saitze aseve CamoTvlilia

osi wmindanebi da maT Soris moxseniebulia

biZina ColoyaSvili,

Salva da elizbar qsnis erisTavebi.

am informaciis naxva SeiZleba

alaniis eparqiis saitze. ruseTi

cxinvalis teritoriaze aTaswlovan

qarTul kulturas da eklesiebs

Cuqnis sxva xalxs. xelidan

gvaclian uzarmazar qarTul kulturas

da amas kadrulobs samwuxarod

rusuli eklesia da mTel

ruseTSi avrcelebs gayalbebul

informacias.

_ `Jamsa meored mosvlisas eSmakni

Sevlen eklesiaSi da iqadageben

Tu mwyemsi ar iqneba fxizlad~.

Tqveni naambobidan gamomdinare iqneb

es Jamic kars momdgaria?

_ is monazoni qarTveli ar

aris. qarTveli samRvdeloeba ki

aris sulierad Tavdadebuli da

gmiri qarTveli erisaTvis. Tuki

raime saamayo aqvs dRes qveyanas,

literatura, xuroTmoZRvreba Tu

mwerloba, Cveni eklesia-monastrebis

da samRvdeloebis damsaxurebaa.

`qarTuli samRvdeloeba

mudam patronobda Cvens ers,~ es

aris ilia marTlis (WavWavaZe)

sityvebi. Aarabobis Semdeg roca

saxelmwifo aRar gvqonda, eklesia

14

Caudga saTaveSi qveyanas, Sekriba

eri da gaaerTiana saxelmwifo.

saero xelisufleba yovelTvis patriotuli

iyo, roca mteri imarjvebda

am dros eklesia xdeboda

eris mama da patroni. saqarTvelos

saero da sasuliero xelisuflebas

harmoniuli urTierToba hqondaT,

istoriulad ase iyo da mjera,

rom momavalSic ase iqneba.Eamis

mizezi ki aris is, rom Cven eklesias

arasodes gadauxvevia wminda

marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoebisagan.

Cven mociqulebisagan rogorc

miviReT marTlmadidebloba zustad

ise SevinarCuneT. amaze werda

cnobili bizantieli istorikosi

da sazogado moRvawe prokofi kesarieli,

giorgi mTawmindelic amas

aRniSnavs bizantiis imperatorTa

paeqrobaSi, iq ambobs: `qarTulma

eklesiam yvelaze metad SeinarCuna

marTlmadidebloba~.

_ meufe, qarTveli wminda mamebis

Rvawli ganuzomelia eris winaSe,

magram Cven gvyavs amave dros brwyinvale

himnografebi, romelTac

sazogadoeba ar icnobs.

_ es sakiTxi mec mainteresebs,

himnografebi marTlac rom

Zlierebi gvyavda, minCxi, bolneli.

magaliTad, ioane minCxi iyo me-10

s-is udidesi himnografi, qarTuli

sasuliero literaturis bumberazi

inCxuridan (martvilis raioni).

xSirad vambob: ioane minCxi, rom ar

yofiliyo rusTavelic ar iqneboda,

man moumzada genialur poets

safuZveli. unda SeviswavloT es

udidesi himnografi, poeti, romelic

leqsad gamoTqvamda im azrebs

da ideebs, romlis gamoTqmac

Cven axla gviWirs sityvierad da

proziT.

_ meufe, patriarqis mowodebam

XIV

religia

rom yoveli mesame bavSvis naTlia

Tavad iqneboda, TiTqos eri gamoacocxla,

magram isev vnaxulobT

nagavsayrelze mitovebul axalSobilebs.

_ mec mifiqria am sakiTxze.

aborti Zalian didi tragedia da

udidesi codvaa erisa da uflis

winaSe. dedas, romelsac ese Tu

ise uyvars Tavisi pirmSo iZulebuli

xdeba bavSvi gadaagdos, ama-

Si kanonia damnaSave. wakiTxuli

gvaqvs yvelas franguli literatura,

personaJs romelsac ar unda

Svili, Tbilad gaxveul bavSvs mdidari

ojaxis karTan tovebs. dRes

es kanoniT akrZalulia, amisaTvis

dedas sjian. es rom nebadarTuli

iyos da dedam Tavisi Svili cota

SeZlebul ojaxs miuyvanos, amaSi ra

aris danaSauli? es aris sazogadoebis

da kanonis brali. sazogadoeba

komunisturi reJimis Semdeg

ganadgurebuli da sulierad dacemulia,

es aris aTeizmis kvali. sapatriarqom

gaakeTa gancxadeba, rom

Cven mogviyvanon bavSvebi da mosaklavad

nu gaimeteben.

_ meufe, skolebSi religiis

swavlebis Sewyvetam xom ar miiyvana

Taobis garkveuli nawili aqamde?

_Aabsoliturad geTanxmebiT. erTi

periodi gamoCnda naTeli wertili,

Cveni momavali Taobis sulieri

aRzrdisaTvis. mere CaTvales,

rom ar iyo saWiro, magram riTi

unda SevavsoT Cven es zneobrivi

deficiti? ojaxis ufrosi Taoba

modis aTeisturi periodidan,

zneobrivad ar varT ganmtkicebulebi.

deda, romelic ikeTebs 10-

20 aborts sicocxlis manZilze,

is Svilsac ar ufrTxildeba. amisaTvis

saWiroa religia, zneobis

swavla, ufali RmerTis Seswavla,


eligia

romelmac mogvca sindisi, romelic

dRes gamrudebuli da dakargulia.

religiis sagani namdvilad saWiro

iyo, SeiZleba xarvezebi iyo, magram

sazogadoebisa da saxelmwifos

TanadgomiT es unda gasworebuliyo

da bavSvebisaTvis ise unda

migvewodebina, rom yofiliyo zneobriobis

saswavlo sagani. dRes ki

bavSvebi mitovebulebi arian am

mxriv da ar ician ra aris cudi

da kargi.

_ amas daerTo erovnuli Rirebulebebis

gadafasebac.

_ CemTan moiyvanes naTesavis

bavSvi da mamamisi siamayiT meubneba:

`iciT Cemma Svilma qarTulze

ukeTesad inglisuri wera-kiTxva

icis~. es aris yvelaze didi ubedureba.

es iqneba Cveni tragedia

30-40 wlis Semdeg, jer isedac raodenobrivad

mcirdeba Cveni eri, imitom

rom Sobadoba Zalzed cotaa.

Tan amas emateba is, rom xalxi ar

aris gacnobili sakuTar erovnul

kulturas. Cven davemsgavsebiT afrikul

tomebs, romelTac sakuTari

kultura ar hqondaT da civilizacia

frangul da inglisur enaze

miiRos. inglisuri kargia, magram

ukve meore welia devnilebi Sobis

dResaswauls mSobliur mxare-

Si ver zeimoben. istoriul eklesia-monastrebs

rusi okupantebi

daepatronen, Tumca konkretulad

ra mdgomareobaSia mitovebuli

taZrebi adgilnacvali pirebisTvis

am dromde ucnobi rCeba. devnili

mrevli qristianul dResaswaulebs

kompaqtur obieqtebSi an

adgilobriv taZrebSi xvdebian. istorikosebic

da sasuliero pirebic

liaxvis xeobas istoriuli

ZeglebiT erT-erT gamorCeul mxared

ixsenieben. 2008 wlis agvistos

omma ki iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli

pirebis garkveuli nawili

samlocvelo keras daaSora. sa-

Sobaod aRniSnuli mrevli goris

Tu Cven ar davaxvedreT ukeTesi

qarTulis codna, davemgvanebiT

togos da ganas da es iqneba Cveni

eris gardacvaleba. Cveni sicocxle

Cveni enis, kulturisa da

tradiciis codnaa.

_ meufe, Tqvens eparqiaze gviambeT...

_ Cemi eparqia aris manglisiwalkis

eparqia. es aris mTiani

regioni, aTeistebis dros rogorc

yvelgan, aqac gauqmebuli iyo wirva-locva.

am eparqiis mTavarepiskoposad

1992 wlidan daviniSne,

manamde samcxe-javaxeTSi viyavi.

momavali wlis martSi 30 weli

Semisruldeba rac epikoposad

makurTxa misma uwmidesobam sveticxovelSi.

axla ki eparqiaSi gvyavs

ormoci sasuliero piri, TiTqmis

yvela eklesia-monasteri moqmedebs

da hyavs mrevli. CvenTan

uamravi axali eklesia gaixsna _

manglisis, aseve TeTri wyarosa da

walkis mxares. am mxriv vfiqrob

rom win gadavdgiT nabiji.

_ meufe, mrevli mxolod qar-

Tuli mosaxleobaa?

_ Cveni mrevli walkaSi ber-

Znuli mosaxleoba iyo, magram maT

XV

datoves saqarTvelo da daubrundnen

istoriul samSoblos, saber-

ZneTs. maT samosaxloebze Camosaxldnen

svanebi da aWarlebi. svanebi

eklesias gverdiT udganan, Tu rame

warmatebas mivaRwieT eparqiaSi es

svanebis damsaxurebaa. isini Zalian

Zlieri mrevlia, gviyvars da did

pativs vcemT.

_ da aWarlebi?

_ aWareli mosaxleoba nel-nela

qristiandeba. magram problema

iciT raSia, mosaxleoba ZiriTadad

mainc musulmanuri mTiani aWaridanaa

da isini elodnen eklesia

daexmarebodaT maT miwebis, binebis

gaformebaSi da miiRebdnen qristianobas.

eklesias es funqcia rom

hqonoda, kargi iqneboda. etyoba

viRacam daisaxa miznad, iyos es

xalxi musulmani. axalgazrda

Taobas surs gaqristiandes, magram

maT waxaliseba mainc sWirdebaT, am

kuTxiT ki eklesiis funqcia damcrobilia.

_ da bolos, meufe, dRes daTmenis

sibrZnec daviviwyeT qarTvelebma.

_ Cven unda vilocoT da Cvenive

locviT ukeTesoba iqneba qveyanaSi.

`xsna

RmerTSia~

RvTismSoblis saxelobis sakaTedro

taZris dekanozma RvTisom

(sexniaSvili) da diakonma giorgim

(kareliZem) daloces:

mama RvTiso: ,,minda saSobaod

davloco Cveni Tanamemamuleebi,

romlebmac droebiT datoves

sacxovreblebi da salocavebi.

is saZirkveli, riTac unda Sendebodes

adamianis cxovreba es aris

RvTis rwmena, siyvaruli da RvTis

SiSi. Cveni winaprebi ase agebdnen

cxovrebas da dRemde mogvyva is

mcneba, rom nebismieri eklesia es

aris RvTis saxli. Cven unda gaver-

TiandeT qristeSi, raTa erToblivi

locviT, erToblivi TanadgomiT,

SevZloT urTierT gaZliereba.

,,yvelaze didi Rvawlia, rodesac

erTmaneTis simZimes vitvirTavT.

pavle mociquli brZanebda ,,urTierTars

simZime itvirTeT da ese

aRasruleT sjuli qristesio.~

Cven ver SevZlebT amas Tu ar

gveqneba RvTis rwmena. erTmane-

Tis siyvaruli da Tanadgoma. Cven

erToblivad unda vilocoT deda

eklesiaSi, raTa RvTis wyalobiT

dadges is Jami, rodesac Cven davbrundebiT

saukuneebis win RvTisgan

boZebul miwa-wyalze da Cvens

os ZmebTan erTad gveqneba mSvidobiani

Tanacxovrebis saSualeba,

urTierTars siyvaruli, rameTu

iq darCenili adamianebis umetesoba

ganicdis, rom isini qarTvel

mrevls daaSores, amitom Cven

unda davitovoT imedi, rom is si-

15


yvaruli, is saZirkveli, rac CvenSi

winaprebis mieraa Cadebuli Tavis

Sedegs gamoiRebs, mTavari mxolod

RvTisken siarulia. ,,xsna aris

RmerTSi.~

Mmama giorgi: Cveni eparqia

droebiT devnili mrevlisTvis

zrunavs. yvela CasaxlebaSi, sadac

isini cxovroben Sendeba taZrebi,

umravlesobaSi ukve mimdinareobs

RvTismsaxureba, eparqiaSi moqmedebs

misioneruli samsaxuri, romelic

intensiurad gadis am mosaxleobasTan,

migvaqvs maTTan saxarebebi,

xatebi. skraSi ukve aris samlocvelo

kera, sadac mama daviTi

(kasraZe) moRvaweobs. Aam adamianebs

Tamamad SeuZliaT iqonion

mRvdelTan urTierToba, Caabaron

aRsareba da a.S. aseve SavSvebis

CasaxlebaSi mama petre aRavlens

RvTismsaxurebas, metexSi ki mama

iakobia. wminda wylis dasaxlebaze

Cven ukve mivmarTeT adgilobriv

xelisuflebas da maT gamogviyves

teritoria, sadac taZaris mSenebloba

gazafxulidan daiwyeba.

meufe andrias locva-kurTxeviT

Cveni eparqia maqsimalurad cdilobs,

adgilnacval mrevls sulieri

da fizikuri Tanadgoma gauwios.

mtkivneulia im taZrebis

mitoveba, sadac maTi winaprebi

Tavad loculobdnen, magram RvTis

sityvebia ,,sadac erTi da ori

ilocebs Cemi saxeliT mec maTTana

var.~ am mowodebiT unda iyvnen es

adamianebi, RmerTi aris yvelgan, es

aris droebiTi ganSoreba. Ddeda

RvTismSoblis locva-kurTxeviT

gvwamdes, rom es adamianebi TavianT

miwa-wyals da sasuliero pirebi,

iq darCenil taZrebs aucileblad

daubrundebian.

esaubra nino CibCiuri

16 XVI

mematiane

qsnis erisTavTa

warmoSobis Sesaxeb

cxinvalis sainformacio saSualebebi

dros ar kargaven da xSirad

gvarebis etimologias sTavazoben

TaviaanT msmenelebs. ra Tqma unda

qarTuli gvarebis etimologia-Cxreka

dgas pirvel adgilze. Ees imitom,

rom zemo qarTlis miwa wyalze, qarTvelTa

uZvelesi cxovrebis kvali

saeWvo da sxva erovnebis gaxadon

da sxva erovnebis xalxs miaweron.

aq pirvel yovlisa osebi da somxebi

igulisxmebian da gvarebs Sesabamis

formatsac uZebnian. Ees formati

`ovi~ an `evi~ daboloebaa da morCa

gvari mzad aris. amis Sesaxeb ramdenjerme

miiRes pasuxi Sovinistebma,

magram aseT etimologias mainc

ar eSvebian da ,,axal gamogonebebs~

sTavazoben TaviaanT briyv msmenelebsa

da mkiTxvelebs. Tu es zemoxsenebuli

gvaris daboloebebi ase

moswonT Sovinistebs, maSin CrdiloeTSi,

kavkasiis qedis gadaRma unda

eZebon da Cxrikon TavianTi winaprebis

danatovari gvarTa da toponim-

Ta warmomavloba-daboloebani da

ara aq saqarTveloSi, sadac osTa da

skviTTa xseneba qarTul wyaroebSi

saerTod ar Cans da gvarebic da toponimebic

yovelTvis qarTuli enis

Senebis Sesabamisad iyo gawyobili,

dResac da momavalSic ase darCeba.

aseTi mecnierebis moyvarulma axla

viTom yvelaferi moagvares da maTma

propagandistebma gadawyvites war-

Cinebuli gvarebis gaoseba SesTavazon

Tavis mrevls da samizned qsnis

erisTavebis warmomavloba osurad

gamoacxades, Turme erisTavebi osebi

yofilan da am Sovinist qarTvelebs

gauqarTvelebiaT. saerisTavos sagvareulo

matiane ,,Zegli erisTavis~

avtori, largvisis monastris msaxuri

grigol bandaisZe mogviTxrobs,

osi rostomis Crdilo kavkasiidan

jer dvaleTSi, xolo Semdeg qsnis

saerisTavoSi mosvlas xalxiT.

yovelive es kargad aris Seswavlili

qarTul istoriografiaSi

da miuxedavad amisa osi avtorebi

Tavis primitiul Sexedulebebs ar

eSvebian, weren da gadascemen aTasi

yuriT motanil sicrues da cdiloben

erisTavebis mTeli kultura da

istoria osebs miaweron. cxromis

xeobaSi rostomamde arsebobda erisTaobis

instituti da mere rogorc

SandaiZe gadmogvcems, ocdaoTxma erisTavma

ierisTavao. Kki batono, Tu

es marTalia, maSin vin iyvnen es eri-

sTavebi? viTom osebi, davuSvaT, rom

es marTalia, sad weria, romel osur

dokumentSi, romel sigelSi, romel

onomatikaSi da kidev Tu gnebavT

zepir gadmocemaSi? arsad, yovelive

mtknari sicruea, magram Seayare kedels

cercvi. Tu or-sam xeobaSi

Crdilo kavkasiaSi osebi ase iyvnen

dawinaurebulebi, sad Cans yovelive

es, arsad imitom, rom TviTon osebi

yabardoelebis yrmebi iyvnen da mere

gvian feodalur xanaSi, qarTuli

bagrationebis sayrmoSi Sediodnen

da mimdinareobda maTi qarTizacia.

misi avtorebi ar eSvebian Cxreka-

Ziebas da TavianTi azriT viTom

saqarTvelos istoriis sakiTxebis

gadakeTeba surT, Tavis yaidaze, magram

es SeuZlebelia. feodaluri

ideologia, garkveuli mosazrebebiT

Tavis warmomavlobas ucxour

warmomavlobebad Tvlida. es imitom,

rom isini Tavad uzenaesma moavlina

ama Tu im qveyanaSi sabatonod

da momavlad. es aris qristianuli

ideologia. xolo Cveni ,,moZme~ osebi

qristianobaze da Tund islamze

mwyralad arian, radgan TviT didi

swavluli vaxuSti bagrationi ma-

Tze aRniSnavs, rom ,,osni orsav

religious umecarni~ xom ar ge-

SiniaT batonebo? rom Tqveni winapris

adgili da Tqveni ar aris

saqarTveloSi? Tqveni winapari am

didebul taZrebs urwmunoebis gamo

ver aagebda!? Tu ram warsuli gaga-

CniaT, Tqven moZme skviTebTan unda

eZeboT da is ,,didi kultura~ romelic

gagaCniaT erTmaneTs gaunawiloT,

sxva arCevani TqvenTvis ar arsebobs.

QqarTuli anomastikoni da

toponomika uamrav sabuTs icnobs

da nawili gamoqveynebulia kidec,

rac araviTar eWvis safuZvels ar

tovebs. moviyvanT erTs, mxolod romelic

qarTlis erT-erT soflis

bazilikaze asomTavruli grafikiT

aris amotvifruli, igi meaTe saukunis

warweraa da qsnis erisTavis mieraa

Sesrulebuli ,,meoxebiTa wmidisa

RmrTismSobelisaiTa aRmarTe

ese jvari wmidisa RmrTaebisa asulman

didisa raWisa erisTavisman, mirianis

colman rjulis qristes salocavad

Cuenda da CuenTa naTesavTa

momkvdavTa yovelTa.~Ees Zegli

warwerac iqneba osur onimastikons,

istorias da Tqvens rjul-rwmenas

exeba? Aara gvgonia.

nikoloz oTinaSvili


sagvareulo istoria

o q r o p i r i Z e e b i

albaT gava dro da momavali JamTaaRmwerlebi gviamboben saukunis agresias Sewiruli qarTuli soflebis, maT

mkvidrTa cxovreba-moRvaweobis Sesaxeb. TiToeuls xom Tavisi saintereso warsuli aqvs, Tavisi Rirseuli pirovnebebi

hyavs... amjerad disevze da mis mkvidr gvarze-oqropiriZeebze giambobT.

disevi mdinareebis, patara liaxvisa da mejudis wyalgamyofi qedis dasavleT mTiswineTSi mwvaneSi Cafluli

uZvelesi da ulamazesi, oqropiriZeebis sagvareulo sofelia. igi daviT aRmaSenebels mcxeTisTvis Seuwiravs,

romelsac sveticxovlis WirnaxuliTa da sasuliero kadrebiT momarageba evaleboda. es faqti dasturdeba ,,mtkice

da ucilobeli Semowirulobis~ sigeliT, romelic siZvelis gamo erekle meoris dros ganuaxlebia da Tavisive

xelmoweriT daumowmebia kaTolikos antons. sigelSi vkiTxulobT: ,,nebiTa RvTisaTa Cven mefeT mefem afxazeTisaTa,

aRmosaval-dasavlamde mayrobel patronman xelmwifeman daviT da Zeman Cemman demetreman ese mtkice da ucilobeli

Semowirulobisa sigeli mogaxseneT Tqven caTa sworsa sasosa Cuensa sveticxovelsa da mas Sina aRmarTebulsa da

kvarTsa sauflosa da mironsa wmidasa SemogwireT sofeli disevi Tavis samarTlianis samzRvrebiTa... Semogviwirams

yovelis kacis uciloblad da ulaparakod da xelSeuSlelad mogvirTmevia da kacni Semogviwirams keTilgvarovani

oqropiriZeni...~

disevi uZvelesi droidanve yofila dasaxlebuli, rasac mowmobs zemoxsenebuli sigeli da sofelsa da mis

midamoebSi mdgari aTaswlovani taZrebi, miwaSi napovni samarxebi, qvevrebi, qarTvel mefeTa moWrili monetebi. mraval

saukuneTa qartexilebSi gamovlils, aq yoveli nangrevidan Soreuli warsuli, aw ukve daferflili istoria

gadmogvcqeris. gasuli saukunis 30-ni wlebis bolos disevSi arqeologebs dauwyiaT gaTxrebi, magram samwuxarod,

meore msoflio oms SeuSlia xeli. wminda daviT mefis mier oqropiriZeebisadmi nawyalobevi dokumenti imiTacaa

saintereso, rom aq naxsenebi TiTqmis yvela toponimi dRemde cocxalia.

disevis Sesaxeb arsebobs ramdenime legenda. erT-erTis mixedviT es midamo erT qalbatons ekuTvnoda. im xanebSi

qarTvelebs mniSvnelovani omi mougiaT. omSi Tavi usaxelebia mis Zmas da das misTvis aqauroba uCuqebia. amitom

am adgilisTvis diseuli, e.i. dis naCuqari daurqmeviaT. Tu konstantine gamsaxurdias ,,daviT aRmaSenebels~ davimowmebT,

disevi qarTvel monarqTa arc Tu iSviaTi maspinZeli yofila, rac misi SesaniSnavi bunebiT da upirvelesad

strategiuli adgil-mdebareobiT iyo gamowveuli. didi mwerali istoriul wyaroebze dayrdnobiT wers, rom daviT

mefes orboZalis (disevis mTianeTi) midamoebSi cxenebi gauwyda-Sxamiani balaxi Wameso. savaraudod, irkveva, rom

disevi qveynis cxenosani jaris erT-erT sawvrTnel-mosamzadebel adgils warmoadgenda. daviT mefis rezidenciidan

(naWarmagevidan) disevamde sul raRac 25 km. iyo. disevelTa savizito baraTia soflis aRmosavleTiT, tyis piras

gadmomdinare yinuliviT civi wamala wyaro (legendis mixedviT igi Tamar mefis mieraa saxeldebuli), romelic

ZvelTaganve samkurnalo TvisebebiT gamoirCeoda.

qveynis sxvadasxva kuTxeSi mosaxle oqropiriZeebma ician, rom warmoSobiT maTi mama-papa disevidan iyo. am patara

sofelSi erTi Ziridan momdinare oqropiriaanT ramdenime ganStoebaa: maxarebliaani, qaqucaani, gabrielaani, mRvdliaani,

zurabiaani, kikiaani, mWedliaani da epitaani. ,,keTilgvarovani oqropiriZeni~ samarTlianad amayoben Tavisi warsuliT,

saxelovani winaprebiT. isini odiTganve uflisa da mamulis samsaxurSi idgnen, gamorCeulni Tavisi ganaTlebiT,

sulierebiT, qristes rjulisadmi siyvaruliT. swored amitomaa ase Warbad warmodgenili qarTuli marTlmadidebluri

eklesiis istoriaSi oqropiriZeTa gvaris cnobili sasuliero moRvaweebi. disevidan iyo Sio mRvimis monasterSi

dakrZaluli didi saeklesio da sazogado moRvawe, ilia WavWavaZis piradi moZRvari aleqsandre episkoposi

(eriskacobaSi aleqsi oqropiriZe-1824-1907). saqarTvelos ugvirgvino patriarqi, sxvadasxva dros afxazeTis,

goris, qarTl-kaxeTis, guria-samegrelos arqimandriti da episkoposi, swavla-ganaTlebis fuZemdebeli afxazeTSi,

,,meore mociqulad da aRmaSeneblad~ wodebuli, ber-monazvnuri cxovrebis amRorZinebeli saqarTveloSi, qarTvelTa

Soris wera-kiTxvis gamavrcelebeli sazogadoebis sapatio wevri, didi qvelmoqmedi, gaWirvebulTa Semwe da meoxi,

qarTvelT erTobisTvis mudmivi mlocveli, uamravi saero Tu saeklesio literaturuli Zeglebis, qarTuli sagaloblebis

Semgrovebel-gamomcemeli. wminda aleqsandrem Tavisi safasiT aRadgina Sio mRvimis, zedaznis, jvris, sveticxovlis,

daviT garejis, afxazeTis, mSobliuri disev-kulbiTis lekTagan dangreuli eklesia-monastrebi da sxva.

didi saeklesio da sazogado moRvawe leonide (eriskacobaSi longinoz oqropiriZe 1861-1921). 1887 wels man

daamTavra kievis sasuliero akademia da RvTismetyvelebis kandidatis xarisxiT dabrunda saqarTveloSi. jer kidev

1898 wels didma iliam mas qarTuli eklesiis ganZi uwoda. igi erovnuli ideebis erTguli iyo da samSoblo

misTvis umTavresi sazrunavi gaxda. 1888 wlidan igi iniSneba ,,kavkasiaSi qristianobis aRmdgeneli sazogadoebis

misionerad da skolebis inspeqtorad. didia ber-monazon leonides Rvawli qarTvelTa erovnuli gaTviTcnobierebis,

ganaTlebis saqmeSi. ,,pirvelad me wavakiTxe ,,deda ena~ mTis Svilebs da pirvelad me avamRere hangze dabeCavebuli

Cemi moZmeni~ werda didi mRvdelTmTavari. misi moRvaweobis gvirgvins qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliisaTvis

brZola da rusi egzarxosebisagan gaTavisufleba warmoadgens. 1917 wlis 12 marts mZime da mravalwliani brZolis

Semdeg man sazeimod miuloca ers qarTuli eklesiis damoukidebloba da egzarxos platons ganucxada daetovebina

saegzarxoso sasaxle da wabrZanebuliyo samSobloSi. igi qveynisTvis umZimes wlebSi (1918-21) meTaurobda

qarTul eklesias. misi uwmindesoba gaZlierebuli locvisken da samSoblos dacvisken mouwodebda ers. patriarqis

mxurvale mowodeba-qadagebiT frTaSesxmulma qarTvelma iunkerebma, axalgazrdobam arnaxuli simamace gamoavlines

da mteri SeaCeres Tbilisis misadgomebTan. bolSevikebis SemoWris dReebSi man SeZlo erovnuli siwmindeebis

gadamalva. 20-ian wlebSi TbilisSi wylis epidemia mZvinvarebda. morCilebma uwmindess regionebidan Camoutanes

wyaros wyali, leonidem uari ganacxada: davlev im wyals, romelsac Cemi mrevli miirTmevso. 1921 wels xandazmuli

mRvdelmTavari am daavadebas emsxverpla.

XVII

17


18

XVIII

sagvareulo istoria

guriisa da imereTis, Semdgom alaverdis episkoposi pirosi (eriskacobaSi maTe oqropiriZe-1873-1922), ganaTlebuli

mRvdelmTavari, kievis sasuliero akademiis kursdamTavrebuli RvTismetyvelebis kandidatis xarisxiT. iyo

saeklesio da saRvTismetyvelo wignebis gamocemis komitetis Tavmjdomare, Jurnalis ,,saqarTvelos saegzarxosos

moambis~ redaqtori. 1916 wels iniSneba saqarTvelos eparqiis mesame qorepiskoposad. (axlaxans gamoica misi naSromi

,,axali aRTqmis ganmartebani~). pirosi rusul-bolSevikur agresias Sewiruli pirveli qarTveli mRvdelTmTavaria,

romelmac 1922 wels alaverdis taZarSi SeWril bolSevikebs ar gaumxila taZris ganZis samalavi. igi

sastikad awames, ris Sedegadac axalgazrda episkoposi gardaicvala. xelisufalTa brZanebiT igi Cumad dakrZales

alaverdis monasterSi. kaTolikos-patriarqis ambrosis (xelaia) locva-kurTxeviT mas wesi augo episkoposma

qristeforem. alaverdSi moRvaweobda pirosis papac-mRvdel-monazoni silvestri, aleqsandre episkoposis Zma. igi

cnobili iyo Tavisi mkacri cxovrebiT. momavalma mRvdelmTavarma aq, alaverdSi, papis meTvalyureobis qveS miiRo

pirveldawyebiTi ganaTleba.

Tavisi droisaTvis cnobili dekanozi iyo ilarion oqropiriZe. sasuliero ganaTleba manac ruseTSi miiRo. iqve

moRvaweobda wlebis manZilze, Semdeg dabrunda saqarTveloSi, alaverdis monasterSi damkvidrda da iqve aResrula.

sainteresoa misi studentobis droindeli werilebi. aleqsandre episkoposisadmi gamogzavnil erT-erT baraTSi

(1895) igi xazgasmiT aRniSnavs rus moxeleTa Sovinizms, Tavgasulobas:

,,qarTvelebs mogviva Tu ara werili, uwin TviTon xsnian da Tu qarTul enaze aris dawerili, xelSi ar gva-

Zleven... axla ki inspeqtorma Semdegi ambavi gamogvicxada: miswereT mSoblebs rusulad moiweron xolmeo, Tqven,

rogorc ruseTis qveSevrdomebs, neba ara gaqvT qarTul enaze iqonioT miwer-mowerao. Tu amas iqiT qarTul enaze

mogividaT rame, icodeT davxevT da gadavyriTo~...

XIX saukunis dasawyis cnobili misioneri iyo mRvdeli daviT oqropiriZe-wminda aleqsandre episkoposis mama.

igi marTlmadideblobis saqadageblad mivlinebul iqna liaxvis xeobis saTaveebSi-sofel edisSi. am mxareSi mama

daviTi iyo pirveli mRvdeli, romelic osebs avi znis moSlis (gansakuTrebiT qurdobis), qristes moZRvrebisken

mouwodebda. zemoCamoTvlili pirebi oqropiriZeebis maxarebliaanT Stos ekuTvnian. am ganStoebam kidev araerTi

saeklesio da saero moRvawe misca qveyanas. samwuxarod, maT Sesaxeb Zalze mwiri cnobebia Semonaxuli.

disevTan mWidrod iyo dakavSirebuli da aq bavSvobis saukeTeso wlebi gautarebia mtrisgan veragulad moklul

kirion meores (1855-1918). dediT igi oqropiriZeebis mRvdliaanT Stos ekuTvnoda. kirioni (eriskacobaSi giorgi

saZagliSvili) iyo didi erovnul-saeklesio moRvawe, mecnieri, istorikosi, saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi.

saero interesebis dacvisaTvis mas wlebis manZilze sdevnida ruseTis xelisufleba da mxolod 1917 wels SeZlo

samSobloSi dabruneba. imave wlis saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis istoriul arCevnebSi man mitropolit leonideze

ramdenime xmiT meti miiRo da igi gaxda axali qarTuli eklesiis pirveli saWeTmpyrobeli. samwuxarod,

mteri ar isvenebda. erTi wlis Semdeg igi mxecurad mokles martyofis sapatriarqo rezidenciaSi.

kirionis winaprebs (dedis mxridan) didi Rvawli miuZRviT CrdilokavkasielTa Soris qristianobis gavrcelebaSi.

me-18 saukunis dasawyisSi CeCneT-lekeT-inguSeTSi ganTqmuli misionerebi iyvnen besarion da gabriel oqropiriZeebi.

pirveli kirionis papis papis papa, meore ki-papis papa iyo. maTi STamomavlebidan friad ganaTlebuli da

qarTlSi kargad cnobili dekanozi iyo gabrieli-umcrosi (1824-1904?), kirionis biZa (dedis, darias Zma). cnobili

mRvdeli iyo misi Zma zaqaria, aseve Svili besarioni (1848-19?). igi liaxvis xeobis soflebSi msaxurebis Semdeg

egzarxos ioanikis ganCinebiT wminda sinodma 1879 wels fSav-xevsureTSi miavlina saqadageblad. saqarTvelos sxvadasxva

kuTxeSi moRvaweobdnen mRvdlebi ioane, daviTi da sxvebi. aRsaniSnavia, rom am Stodan gamosul mamakacTa

umetesoba sasuliero piri iyo. am ganayofs ,,mRvdliaani~ swored eklesiis msaxurTa simravlis gamo ewoda. mniSvnelovani

amagi dasdo liaxvis xeobas mRvdelma aleqsandre oqropiriZem (1879-1959). XX saukunis dasawyisidan

igi aqtiur sasuliero moRvaweobas eweva, materialurad exmareba xelmokle ojaxebs, aswavlis, wignebiT amaragebs

Rarib da miusafar bavSvebs-maT Soris osebs. yazbegSi yofnis dros erT-erT gaWirvebul os bavSvs bolomde upatrona.

miaRebina dawyebiTi ganaTleba. es iyo SemdgomSi didi mecnieri, profesori vasil abaevi. moZRvrisa da misi

aRzrdilis urTierToba aTeuli wlebis manZilze grZeldeboda. 1959 wels, aleqsandres dakrZalvaze igi Sublze

eambora da ase gamoemSvidoba amagdar moRvawes: ,,mSvidobiT ganisvene Cemo dido moZRvaro da moamagev.~ samwuxaroa,

rom misma modgmam ase gadagvixada madloba. aleqsandres cxovrebaSi mniSvnelovani iyo 1917-21 wlebi. igi monawileobda

saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis pirvel arCevnebSi. 1921 wels saqarTvelos bolSevikebi ipyroben.

moZRvars iZulebiT hyrian samRvdelo wodebas. osebi uiaraRo qarTul mosaxleobas Seesivnen (istoria meramdened

ganmeorda), yofili mwyemsmTavari piradi nacnobobiT axerxebs Tbilisidan sakmarisi iaraRis Camotanas da qarTul

soflebSi darigebas (soflebSi Camoyalibebuli hyavda razmebi). aleqsandres Tavdadebam xeobis qarTveloba ixsna

osTa rbeva-awiokebisagan (rac ver SevZeliT dRevandelma Taobebma).

aramarto Sida qarTlis, mTeli saqarTvelos masStabiT aris aRsaniSnavi oqropiriZeebis zurabiaanT Stos Rvawli.

dReisaTvis Cvens istoriul mexsierebas SemorCa am Stois erT-erTi damaarsebeli mRvdeli besarion oqropiriZe

(XVIII s.) da misi Svilebi zurabi, adami da qristine. es ukanaskneli yofila mcxeTis samTavros dedaTa monastris

monazoni,Semdeg winamZRvari (XIXs-is 40-50-ni w.). maTi memkvidreebidan gamorCeulia saingilos erT-erTi

ganmanaTlebeli, cxinvalis blaRoCini da liaxvis skolebis inspeqtori, dekanozi irodion oqropiriZe (1859-1933).

mis saxels ukavSirdeba saingiloSi qurmuxis wminda giorgis, Tasmalos, meSebaSis, ToqolTos, kaxis da sxva

taZrebis ageba. mRvdelmTavarma daaarsa vaJTa da qalTa skolebi, sadac rusi Cinosnebis winaaRmdegobis miuxedavad,

bavSvebs mSobliur enaze aswavlida saRvTo sjuls, qarTul enas, maTematikas da sxva. misi qadagebiT gamahmadianebuli

ingiloebi mama-papis rjuls ubrundebodnen. cnobili istorikosi mose janaSvili mama irodionis Sesaxeb werda:

`...irodionma Tavis sityva-qadagebiT, Tavis keTilSobili moRvaweobiT didi amagi dasdo saqarTvelos Soreul

kuTxis Svilebs-ingiloebs.~

1905 wlidan mama irodioni cxinvalis (liaxvis xeobis) mrevlis winamZRvrad ganamweses. sul male goris mazris

olqis mTavarxucesad da samrevlo-saeklesio skolebis zedamxedvelad irCeven. mosvlis dRidan daiwyo aqtiuri


sagvareulo istoria

moRvaweoba. aarsebda skolebs, aRadgenda eklesia-monastrebs, sadac atarebda wirva-locvebs, jvriswerebs, naTlobebs.

gansakuTrebiT cdilobda osebis qristes rjulze moqcevas. arwmunebda maT swavla-ganaTlebis saWiroebaSi,

qarTvelebis erTgulebaSi. 900-ian wlebSi aqtiurad CaerTo qarTuli eklesiis avtokefalistTa moZraobaSi. igi

xelmZRvanelobda rusul mxaresTan sxvadasxva rangis molaparakebebs, gabedulad amxelda rus moxeleTa zraxvebs.

qarTuli sazogadoeba didad afasebda mama irodions. mis mravalricxovan ojaxSi xSirad ikribebodnen sofrom

mgalobliSvili, anton furcelaZe, daviT kasraZe, niko lomouri da sxva. 1920 wels Tavisi patriotuli poziciis

gamo osebma daatyveves, fexiT gadaiyvanes rokamde (rasac sainteresod aRwers mogonebebSi) da uReltexilis meore

mxares Tovlze daacures. igi saswaulebrivad gadarCa. miuxedavad mravali zewolisa, mRvdelmsaxurs gasabWoebis

Semdegac ar miutovebia eklesia. marTalia, cxinvali daatovebines, magram mSobliur disevSi damkvidrda da iq ganagrZo

RvTismsaxureba. ociani wlebis bolos Zlier Seaviwroves, araerTxel daapatimres. ukanasknelad 1928 wels

daiWires da sneuli moxuci cxra Tve cixeSi amyofes. 1932 wlis zamTarSi e.w. komisiam mama irodioni sakuTari

ojaxidan gamoasaxla, saxli dauluqa, yvela saeklesio nivTi, xati, literatura mis Tvalwin dawves. dambladacemuli

moZRvari Tebervlis namqerSi Ria cis qveS miatoves. meore wels mRvdelmTavari gardaicvala. irodion

oqropiriZem Rirseuli STamomavloba datova. iSviaTia erTma ojaxma amdeni profesori, ganaTlebuli mamuliSvili

misces samSoblos. mRvdelmTavris ufrosma vaJma besarion oqropiriZem (1886-1964) Sveicariasa da avstriaSi miiRo

ganaTleba. venis universitetis medicinis doqtoris umaRlesi xarisxis diplomis mopovebis Semdeg samSobloSi

dabrunda da eweoda nayofier moRvaweobas. mis saxelTanaa dakavSirebuli saqarTveloSi malariisa da tropikul

daavadebaTa likvidacia. igi udidesi avtoritetiT sargeblobda sazogadoebaSi. 1941 wels mas mieniWa saqarTvelos

damsaxurebuli eqimis wodeba. misi sami Svilidan erTi-irakli oqropiriZe (1914-1987) cnobili qarTveli moqandake,

saqarTvelos damsaxurebuli mxatvari, Tbilisis samxatvro akademiis profesori iyo. misi namuSevrebi daculia

saqarTvelos suraTebis galereaSi. cnobili xelovanis Seqmnili araerTi qarTveli moRvawis (u. CxeiZe, i. nikolaZe,

a.balanCivaZe da sxva) qandakeba amSvenebs Rirseul mamuliSvilTa panTeonebs. aTeuli wlebis manZilze aziarebda igi

momaval Taobebs WeSmarit xelovnebas. saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis paleobiologiis institutis swavluli

mdivani iyo misi Zma oTar oqropiriZe (1912-1988), profesori, sxvadasxva Sromebis avtori. maTi umcrosi da-nora

– medicinis mecnierebaTa doqtori, profesori, saqarTvelos samkurnalo da samecniero stomatologiis TvalsaCino

warmomadgeneli da araerTi Taobis aRmzrdelia.

mRvdelmTavris meore vaJi-giorgi oqropiriZe (1888-1961), hidromelioraciis specialisti, teqnikur mecnierebaTa

doqtori. saqarTvelos masStabiT monawileobda mraval sairigacio arxis mSeneblobaSi. maT Soris iyo im

droisTvis unikaluri tirifonis sainJinro-sarwyavi sistemis iniciatori da mSenebeli (1929-1930). monawileobda

qalaq goris sasmeli wyliT momaragebaSi. sakuTari iniciativiT daaproeqta da gaiyvana sofel vanaTidan mSobliur

disevSi sarwyavi arxi, romelic dRemde fasdaudebel samsaxurs uwevda am mxaris soflebis mosaxleobas. irodionis

qaliSvili zina-damoukidebeli saqarTvelos damfuZnebeli krebis Tavmjdomaris moadgilis, bolSevikebisgan daxvretili

aleqsandre lomTaTiZis (1882-1924) meuRle da gamoCenili qarTveli arqeologisa da sazogado moRvawis

giorgi lomTaTiZis deda iyo.

cnobili ekonomisti gaxldaT irodionis momdevno vaJi andro (1892-1955), romlis Svili Tina profesiiT

qimikosi, aTeuli wlebis manZilze pedagogiur moRvaweobas eweoda Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi. meore

Svili, vaxtangi saqarTvelos sasoflo-sameurneo institutis meqanizaciis fakultetis profesori iyo. qalaq

goris mTavar ftiziatrad didxans muSaobda irodionis erT-erTi qaliSvili Tamari (1898-1974), xolo misi Svili

nino oqropiriZe dRemde goris universitetis profesoria. Rirseuli Svilebi aRzardes moZRvris Svilebma elenem

da ekaterinem.

dekanozis musikaluri niWiT dajildovebuli qaliSvili qeTevani (1906-1994), cnobili saxalxo lotbaris

aqvsenti megreliZis meuRle da Tanamosaqme, erovnuli xalxuri sakravebis brwyinvale specialisti, Semsrulebeli

da pedagogi gaxldaT. misi Svilebic liana da aqvsenti megreliZeebi profesional musikosebad, Rirseul moqalaqeebad

Camoyalibdnen da mniSvnelovani adgili daikaves saqarTvelos musikalur cxovrebaSi. qeTevanma cxinvalSi

gaatara Tavisi bavSvoba. ,,imJamindeli daba cxinvali, wers igi Tavis mogonebebSi, wminda qarTul dasaxlebas

warmoadgenda. misi mosaxleobis mometebuli nawili qarTvelebi iyvnen. iyo erTi ubani gaqarTvelebuli somxebisa

da e.w. qarTveli ebraelebisa. Cems mexsierebaSi iq mxolod 3-4 osi cxovrobda, isinic qarTvel qalebze iyvnen

daqorwinebulni da cxinvalSi farTlis maRazia da manufaqtura hqondaT. maSin cxinvali ayvavebul baRs hgavda da

gamorCeuli inteligencia hyavda. cxinvalSive izrdeboda, isic mRvdlis ojaxSi akademikosi Salva xidaSeli. 1917

wels cxinvalSi Zalian bevri wiTelarmieli mogrovila-wers qalbatoni qeTevani... es wiTelarmielebi meti wili

osebi iyvnen. Tavadebs daerivnen. maCablebi, ciciSvilebi, vaCnaZeebi, favleniSvilebi, kidev sxvebic, yvela daiWires.

eleqtronis boZs ekiTxebodnen (viTomcda leniniao), ,,davxvritoT Tu arao,~ viTom isic pasuxobda, ,,daxvriteTo,~

da xvretdnen yvelas. maSin bevrma TavadiSvilma gvari gamoicvala.

zurabiaanT Stos ekuTvnoda disevis eklesiis diakvani lado oqropiriZe (1881-1961), romelsac Tavisi ganaTlebiTa

da maxvilsityvaobiT gancvifrebaSi mohyavda mnaxveli. SesaniSnavad flobda Cvens istoriasa da literaturas,

rusul enas, zepirad icoda ,,vefxistyaosani.~ 1941 wels germanelebTan brZolaSi daiRupa im droisaTvis cnobili

samxedro piri, batalionis meTauri, polkovniki ivane oqropiriZe. misi gmirobis Sesaxeb araerTxel daiwera presaSi.

wignSi ,,erTguleba,~ misi xelqveiTi, maSin jer kidev leitenanti vladimer janjRava (SemdgomSi general-leitenanti)

werda, rom Tavisi ganaTlebiT, profesionalizmiT, patriotizmiT ivane oqropiriZem waruSleli STabeWdileba

moaxdinao Cemze.

sofel disevis, oqropiriZeebis da maTi cnobili warmomadgenlebis Sesaxeb jer kidev bevria sakvlevi. monografiuladaa

Sesaswavli did mRvdelmTavarTa, saero moRvaweTa cxovreba da Rvawli, genealogia. mkvlevarTa, upirvelesad

am gvaris SvilTa valia sxvadasxva muzeumebsa Tu sacavebSi, saojaxo arqivebSi miakvlion mtverwayril masalebs,

romelnic naTels mohfenen am saintereso soflisa da gvaris warmoSobis istorias.

XIX

19


Cemi TvaliT danaxuli

rusuli agresia

`Cemo samSoblo, Cemo mamulo,

mravaltanjulo da nawamebo...~ me

im adamianTa ricxvs vekuTvni, vinac

Tavis Tavze gamoscada 2008 wlis

8 agvistos omis saSineleba.

gaTenda 7 agvisto, haeri TiTqos

Segubebuliyo, Citebsac SeewyvitaT

galoba, irgvliv yvelaferi gayuCebuliyo.

diliT gameRviZa Tu ara

Tvali movkari Cems dedikos, romelic

xatebis win muxlmodrekili

idga da Tvalebidan cremli

sdioda. dedasamSoblos gadarCenas

sTxovda ufals. 8 agvisto...

ca uceb orma TviTmfrinavma

gadasera, iqve axlos baRebSi bombebis

afeTqebis xma gaisma. sofeli

saSinelma kivilma SeZra. es ar

iyo ubralo godeba, es iyo sulis

kivili.

xalxi garboda baRebisaken, eZebdnen

TavSesafars. Cems mezobel

axalgazrda dedas xeli Caekida

Tavis sami wlis SvilisaTvis,

xolo ZuZuTa bavSvi xelSi eWira

da garboda tiriliT. bavSvi iqceoda,

dedas kabaze ekideboda, im

wuTs Camoiqrola sikvdilma, umal

SevigrZeni misi siSave, ra kargi

yofila sicocxle, romelsac ase

ar vufrTxildebiT. me xelSi aviyvane

patara biWuna, romlis mamac

gmirulad ibrZoda cxinvalis misadgomebTan.

gavrbodi... gavrbodi

TavganwirviT.

da ase tanjvaSi cremlSi da

godebaSi ganvlo Tveebma, dReebma,

saaTebma. me axla xaSuris ilia

WavWavaZis saxelobis me-3 sajaro

skolis IX klasis moswavle var,

devnili... TavisTavad rTulia am

`titulis~ tareba, xandaxan momeZaleba

sevda, menatreba Cemi saxlkari,

Cemi patara sofeli nuli, is

vaSlis xec ki menatreba, bavSobaSi,

rom miyvarda iq asvla, me is celqi

biWic menatreba, romelic Cemi yuradRebis

misaqcevad yvelafers

akeTebda TavisTvis, bavSvurad...

SeCerdi ruseTo! aRmomxda es

leqsi:

`amden tanjvas da ubedurebas

rogor gauZlos gulma,

albaT sul male bolos momiRebs

da Semiwydeba sunTqva.

Cven davbrundebiT! Cven davbrundebiT!

IXa klasis moswavle

TinaTin JameraSvili.

20

`Cemo tkivilo~

saukuneebis manZilze qarTveli

kacisaTvis saTayvanebeli iyo sami

RvTaebrivi saunje ena, mamuli, sarwmunoeba.

mamuli am sityvis yovlad

_ mpyrobeli mniSvneloba vrcelia

da farTo, amave dros aris viwroc

da konkretuli, konkretuli adamianisaTvis...

n. dumbaZe ambobda, rom

samSoblos gancda sakuTari saxlidan,

sakuTar ezo-karidan iwyeba,

amis Semdeg modis mcneba erTiani

didi samSoblo _ saqarTvelosi.

CemTvis Zalian mtkivneulia sam-

Soblos Temaze saubari. CemTvis

samSoblo, Cemi soflidan iwyeba,

aramgonia Tu sadme iseTi krialaa

ca, ise mcxunvared da alersianad

anaTebs mze rogorc iq, arwivis

budesaviT SeyuJul Cems patara

sofel nulSi, didi istoriuli

warsulis mqone Cemi sofeli ocdameerTe

saukuneSi aRigava pirisagan

miwisa, yvela Cvengans smenia xalxuri

andaza `Citi sadac daibadeba,

misi baRdadi iq ariso.~ asea namdvilad,

or welze metia ar minaxavs

Cemi sofeli amitomac menatreba

Cemi saxli, Cemi miwa, upatronod

darCenili Cveni salocavebi, winaprebis

mitovebul saflavebze

albaT balaxi bibinebs maxsendeba

xalxuri leqsi, Cvens nasaxlarze

odesme `balaxi abibindebao.~ ra

saSinelebaa, roca cocxali xar da

Sens nasaxlarze balaxi bibinebs.

xis simaRle fesvebidan izomeba,

Cven ufesvod darCenil patara

nergebs Cveni miwa gvinda, macocxlebeli

wyali da haeri gvenatreba,

gvinda mogviSuSdes Wrilobebi, tani

aviyaroT, fesvebi ganze gavdgaT gamravldeT,

gavZlierdeT da qveyanas

movedoT.

IXa klasis moswavle

TinaTin JameraSvili

Sexvedra devnil qalebTan

verxvebis CasaxlebaSi qalTa

sakonsultacio centr ,,saxlma~

goris genderul resurscentrTan

da goris krizisul centrTan er-

Tad moawyo Sexvedra iZulebiT

gadaadgilebul mosaxleobasTan.

Sexvedra Catarda genderuli Zaladobis

winaaRmdeg 16 dRiani

kampaniis farglebSi da mieZRvna

genderuli Zaladobis problemisa

da aqciis mniSvnelobis gaSuqebas.

Sexvedraze moewyo filmis ,,ojaxuri

Zaladoba danaSaulia”. Sexvedra

Catarda gaeros ltolvilTa

umaRlesi komisariatis finansuri

mxardaWeriT, proeqtis ,,genderuli

XX

sxva da sxva

da seqsualuri Zaladobis daZleva

saqarTveloSi~ farglebSi. qalTa

sakonsultacio centri ,,saxli~

ojaxuri Zaladobis problemebze

1997 wlidan muSaobs. 2007 wlidan

organizaciam fokusireba Tavis

saqmianobaSi iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli

mosaxleobis problemebzec

moaxdina. rogorc Sexvedraze

aRiniSna 2008 wlis omis Semdeg

Zaladobis faqtebi devnilebSi sakmaod

gaxSirebulia.

axalgazrdebis qar-

Tul-osuri Sexvedra

moldovaSi

samoqalaqo sazogadoebis axalgazrduli

seqtorisaTvis qarTulosuri

dialogis ganviTarebis

mizniT viziti kiSinovSi 6 dRes

gagrZelda. Sexvedrebis pirvel

etapze qarTvelma da osma axalgazrdebma

moldavisa da dnestrispireTis

konfliqtis Sesaxeb moismines

amomwuravi informacia. 1991

wels moldovis mier damoukideblobis

gamoacxadebas mohyva imave

wels slavuri mosaxleobis dnestrispireTis

moldavuri respublikis

gamocxadebac, rac Seiara-

Rebuli konfliqtiT gagrZelda.

amJamad statusze molaparakebebi

moldavasa da e.w. dnestrispire-

Tis moldavur respublikas Soris

mSviadobian, dialogis reJimSi mimdinareobs,

mxareebs Soris Tavisufali

mimosvlis fonze.qarTvelma

da osma axalgazrdebma moldova

dnestrispireTs Soris arsebuli

urTierTobebi ganixiles da qar-

Tul-osur mxareebs Soris dialogis

ganviTarebis aucileblobaze

isaubres. axalgazrdebi ramdenime

saerTo sakiTxze Sejerdnen, maT

Soris iyo mxareebs Soris mimosvlis

aRdgenis aucilebloba.

Tumca problemis mogvarebis gzebis

sxvadasxva prizmaSi ganixilvas

hqonda adgili, miuxedavad amisa,

dialogis aucileblobas gaesva

xazi. aRiniSna, rom procesSi garda

samTavrobo doneze CarTulobisa,

samoqalaqo sazogadoebis gaaqtiurebacaa

saWiro. qarTvel da os,

qarTvel da afxaz axalgazrdebs

Soris Sexvedrebi dialogis ganvi-

Tarebis mizniT periodulad moldovasa

da kosovoSi imarTeba. proeqts

axorcieleben organizaciebi:

“iqv paqs qristi”, utrexi; `bergofi

mSvidobis mxardaWera~, berlini;

“konfliqtebisa da molaparakebebis

saerTaSoriso centri”, Tbilisi, os

da afxaz partniorebTan erTad.


poezia

ilia babuciZis xsovnas

aq mSvidad sZinavs gmirTa–gmirs,

vinac jer srulad ymawvilma

samSoblos gadasarCenad

mters Tavze tyvia awvima.

magram muxTalma sikvdilma

am gmirTa–gmirsac uwia.

axla aq wevs da Wadrebi

totebs, viT mklavebs uwvdian.

samSoblos Sewirulebi

arasdros ara kvdebian,

modian axalgazrdebi

gmiris saflavTan dgebian,

fics sdeben –

deda–samSoblos

erTgulni daezrdebian.

nunu razmaZe

sof. aCabeTidan devnili

Semodgomaa saqarTveloSi

Semodgomaa saqarTveloSi,

bunebam yvelgan icvala feri,

magram Cems lamaz samaCabloSi,

mouvlelobiT gaxma venaxi.

netav rodemde eyofa mtersa,

Cveni naSromi, Cveni najafi,

rogor gagwira ase uRmerTod

rogor Semohkra vazsa najaxi?

gulSi imedis sxivi anTia,

rom davibrunebT im aremares,

me Tu ver mival, sxvebi xom mivlen

da ayvavdeba isev is mxare.

nuca arboliSvili

leqsi eZRvneba Cems

megobars, lida

bigulaeva–basiSvils

erTi ubralo osi qalivar,

Svili gavzarde qarTveli xuTi,

Tu gavamravle qarTvelTa modgma,

gana ra aris amaSi cudi?

gamomaZeves samaCablodan,

ver minaxia deda–mSobeli,

gadamiketes gza–misasvleli,

miwa gagvixda gasayofeli.

am dros ki guli orad ipoba,

iqiT samSoblo, aqeT qm arSvili,

wunarisaken garbis fiqrebi,

ormagi xdeba Cemi tkivili.

RmerTo maRalo Sen gadmogvxede

da miawvdine maT Cemi xmebi,

gveyofa omi, mtroba da SuRli,

Semomarige is Cemi Zmebi.

nuca arboliSvili

monatreba

me vinatrebdi erT muWa miwas,aRebuls Cemi

saxlis ezodan,

rom Camaxuton gulSi momakvdavs,

poeziis gverdi

romelsac vetrfi ase Soridan.

me mesizmreba Cemi sofeli,

mamis saflavi, damwvari saxli,

me menatreba yvela nacnobi,

mimofantuli is Cemi xalxi.

me menatreba Cemi ubani,

didi, patara, kaci Tu qali,

lia, Tamriko, nino, manana, Tiniko, sofo,irma

Tu lali.

me menatreba, rom erTi wamiT

SemovexvioCem saxlis kedlebs,

mere Tund ZirSi mosaWrelada

cemiT gavuwvdi mters damWknar xelebs.

es monatreba, es mogoneba,

es yvelaferi sizmrebSi qreba,

im dawyevlili agvistos mere

Tvalebze cremli yoveldRe Cndeba.

nuca arboliSvili

tkbili sizmari

gareT qari qris, saxlSi marto var,

isev avyevi fiqrebs,

Tvali davxuWe da CameZina,

tkbilad mivyvebi sizmrebs,

,,saxlSi vbrundebi, mimixaria,

mTaze gadavel fexiT,

xelis guliviT mosCans xeoba,

ulamazesi xediT,

ager gamoCnda Cemi sofelic,

Cemi saxli da karic,

ayvavebula mTeli xeoba,

yvelgan baRnari ari.

uceb Zlierad daigruxuna, caSi avarda ali,

mimovixede, versad vipove,

Cemi patara saxli.

qaris zuzunma gamomaRviZa,

oTaxs movavle Tvali,

mivxvdi sadac var,amovioxre,

gulSi Camiwyda ZarRvi.

Cemi fiqrebi sul dastrialebs,

Cems samaCablos mudam,

da SiSi mipyrobs ardabrunebis,

gulo, gavuZloT unda.

nuca arboliSvili

gazafxulia samaCabloSi,

ayvavda atami, bali,

me ki sada var, Tavs vekiTxebi

werovanSi ki zuzunebs qari.

Tvalebs davxuWav, xeobaSi var,

Cems saxls daveZeb, gzas ver vpoulob,

gamoviRviZeb, avqviTindebi,

Svebas cremlebSic ki ver vpoulob,

gazafxulia samaCabloSi,

ayvavdeboda iq yvela xili,

RmerTo, maRirse saqarTveloSi

rom aRaravis erqvas devnili

nuca arboliSvili

XXI

* * *

uimedobam xeli Camavlo,

gaugebrobis cecxlSi Camagdo

Tavs ar manebebs warsulze fiqri

da jojoxeTis cxel qvabSi viwvi.

ar vici, ra mWirs

ar vici, vin var

vis, an ras vebrZvi ase Zalian

me, me aRar var...

ar vici sad var

Cems samSobloSi

stumris rangSi var.

Tumc. maspinZlobas kargni miweven

sulis Wrilobas brZamiT mixveven,

viT upatronos, lukmas migdeben,

sasoebas ki, gulSi mifenen.

miwa yovelTvis Tavisas iTxovs

da viT deda, Svils TavisTan mixmobs

qarTvels uxmoben damwvari mTebi,

erT dros mamacni, Seudrekelni.

me, yovel RamiT vebrZvi am fiqrebs

damarcxebulis seni magijebs.

Tavs lafs gvasxamen sisxlisa msmelni

erTmorwmuneni da mezobelni.

qarTveli deda, ZaZiT Semoses,

Tvalidan sisxlis cremli adines,

bevri kai ymis mze daabneles

bevric, yvav-yornis lukmad aqcies!

bevrs Seurcxvines kaba-leCaqi

da maT wminda suls daasxes lafi,

fexqveS gaTeles qarTvelTa mrwamsi,

dResac am lafiT varT mTlad dasvrilni

qedmoxrilni da Sercxvenilni.

diplomatiac aRara gvSvelis,

swored is droa, xmals vikraT xeli,

sisxliT davicvaT qarTuli geni,

rogorc sCvevia qarTulsa rjulsa,

mudam mamacsa da Seudrekelsa,

mters SevumokloT savali gzebi,

ar SevarcxvinoT winaparT Zvlebi

gaverTiandeT, rogorc arasdros,

iberTa sisxli wyeulT vananoT.

mjera, rom male dadgeba Jami

taZarSi dareks, mquxare zari,

xuci emTxveva mesiis jvarsa,

madlobas swiravs cadmyof ufalsa!

sadRac boboqrobs `mravalJamier~

sadRac galoben `Sen xar venaxsa~

`uflisa sisxliT~ pirs isveleben,

xotbas asxamen mxedarTmTavarsa,

wminda giorgis, uwmindes landsa...

es niSania gamarjvebisa,

Tamaris miwis gabrwyinebisa,

aq dasruldeba, Jami warRvnisa;

tirilis; glovis; sisxlis; ZaZisa!!!

nino WuluxaZe

sof. aCabeTi

XIIkl.

21


krosvordi

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11

12 13

18

19 20 21

24

27

31

37

41

28 29

32

38

44 45 47

22 XXII

25

35

42

33

39

14 15 16 17

Tarazulad: 1. sofeli didi liaxvis xeobaSi; 4. sofeli didi liaxvis xeobaSi; 7. Sxami anu... 10. erTerTi

saukeTeso Rvino da yurZeni qarTlSi; 11. bibliuri winaswarmetyveli; 12. Txis jogi; 13. cixe didi

liaxvis xeobaSi; 14. akaki wereTlis leqsi; 18monasteri, sadac dakrZalulia vaxtang VI-is Svili; 19.

daba da kurorti didi liaxvis xeobaSi; 20. cxinvaleli akademikosi; 22. marqsizm-leninizmis beladTa

Semoklebuli saxeli; 24. sofeli prones zeobaSi; 25. os-alanebis Tavdapirveli samSoblo; 26. samkurnalo

saojaxo mcenare; 27. braziani, anCxli; 28. Sida qarTlis CrdiloeTis istoriuli mxare da iq mosaxle

qarTveluri tomebi. 30. kargi amindi; 31 sofeli raWaSi; 32. Sorisdebuli, mwuxarebis gamomxatveli;

33. sofeli patara liaxvis xeobaSi; 36. boroti anu...; 37. asurel mamaTagan erT-erTi wminda mamis saxeli;

38. kiTxva; 40. ra ewodebodaT adreul saukuneebSi saqarTvelos ama Tu im kuTxis pirvel pirebs?; 41.

vinmesgan fuli iTxova anu...; 42. gakafuli tye; 43. gariJraJi, gaTeneba; 44. yvelaze gemrieli tolma; 45.

biWi megrulad; 46. mdinare saqarTveloSi; 47. liaxvisa da mejudis wyalgamyofi qedi.

Sveulad: 1. sofeli didi liaxvis xeobis saTaveebSi; 2. sofeli patara liaxvis xeobaSi. 3. ver Seewyo,

ver...; 4. uqme dRe; 5. sofeli kaspis raionSi; 6. `bednieri eris~ avtori; 7. cnobili salocavi da sofeli

patara liaxvis xeobaSi; 8. istoriuli saTavado Sida qarTlSi; 9. nasoflari patara liaxvis xeobaSi;

13. `aixvia~ zmna momaval formaSi; 15. didi sicxe; 16. gvirgvinosani mefe-qali; 17. sofeli patara liaxvis

xeobaSi. 18. yurZnis unikaluri jiSi qarTlSi; 19. mwerali, romelic saukunis win gvafrTxilebda osebis

Tavgasulobaze; 21. sagnis, bolo an nawili; 23. samonastro kompleqsi didi liaxvis xeobaSi; 25. sakuTari

saxeli; 28. cxinvalis Zveli ubani; 29. saqarTvelos mTianeTSi erTi gvaris dasaxleba, romelsac hyavda

Tavisi ufrosi; 30. sofeli cxinvalis maxloblad. 33. ` cvrian ... Tu fexSiSveli~...; 34. sxva sxvis omSi...;

35. Sida qarTlis kavkasionis erT-erTi maRali mwvervali; 36. siTxe, romelSic Zveli berZnebi WeSmaritebas

xedavdnen; 39. devnilTa Casaxleba; 40. kaxuri anegdotis personaJi.

wina nomris krosvordis pasuxebi

Sveuli: 1) qemerti; 2) usxmeli; 3) suslovi; 4) fotnisa; 5) eklesia; 6) qartia; 7) leonide; 8) siatebi; 10) wiara;

11) abeli; 15) azo; 16)aval; 24) naniauri; 25) kodibini; 26) vanaTisa; 27) latinuri; 28) wveriaxo; 29) verxvebi; 30)

livliva; 31) tliayana; 36) qurTa; 37) sveri;

Tarazuli: 1) qsuisi; 4) frone; 5) esqile; 9) maxisi; 12) velorbola; 13) amala; 14) to; 16) ateni; 17) ru; 18)

erozia; 19) nesvi; 20) lile; 21) iribi; 22) rao; 23) axaliweli; 32) abo; 33) qalau; 34) ravqeniT. 35) erqva; 37)

sno; 38) ini; 39) vakis; 40) narixula; 41) xula; 42) tbeTi; 43) gvria; 44) ubiri; 45) yua; 46) buadze; 47) Tve; 48)

ilia; 49) amin; 50) Trobis; 51) eva;

krosvordi Seadgina zurab oqropiriZem

40

43

46

30

22

26

36

34

23

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines