rostom CxeiZe daviT qarTveliSvili giorgi lobJaniZe nodar tabiZe ...

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rostom CxeiZe daviT qarTveliSvili giorgi lobJaniZe nodar tabiZe ...

literaturuli gazeTi

#26

#26 14-27 maisi 2010

gamodis or kviraSi erTxel, paraskeobiT

fasi 50 TeTri

rostom CxeiZe

II - III

giorgi lobJaniZe

IV - V

daviT qarTveliSvili

VI - VII

nodar tabiZe

zviad ratiani

XII

X - XI

xorxe luis borxesi

XIV - XVI


2 proza literaturuli gazeTi

Sehxaroda germanul nacizmsa da

hitlers knut hamsuni. am politikuri

moZraobisa da misi winamZRolis warmatebebs

ukavSirebda Tavis eTikurmoralur

ideals, kacobriobis xsnasa

da bednieri cxovrebis dadgomas yvela

qveynisaTvis. amitomac miyuradeboda

aseTi mRelvarebiT nacizmis aRzevebas

da cdilobda Tavisi publicisturi

gamosvlebiTa da germaniis

samxedro ZlierebisaTvis mxurvale

Tanadgomis gamocxadebiT TviTonac

monawile yofiliyo grandiozuli da

sasikeTo cvlilebebisa msoflio politikur

rukaze.

norvegiac SeiZleba STaenTqa germanuli

nacizmis momZlavrebas hamsumoda

win amaRlebul swrafvas, da ratom

uwodebda represiebs, Tuki nacizmi

rkinis xeliT aRkveTda mowinaaRmdegeTa

yovelgvar mcdelobas, ukmayofilebis

ganwyobileba SeetanaT

xalxSi da simxneve waerTmiaT misTvis.

dae gamwyraliyo Tomas mani, hamsuni

sakuTari eris _ Tanac kacobriobis

mxsnelad SemarTuli eris _ maZagebels

ver gamoeqomageboda.

meore msoflio omis cecxlovani

sunTqva sul ufro xelSesaxebi xdeboda.

mogvianebiT gaixsenebs hamsuni: maSindeli

movlenebi yvelaferze metyvelebda,

garda germaniis daRupvisa.

radganac germaniaSi nacional-socializmis

xana daiwyo, qveyanas sicocxle,

moqmedebis unari, sayovelTao

aRmavloba ewvia. gamocxadda neba da

germanuli Zalis saswauli fiureris,

adolf hitleris, winamZRolobiTo.

da msoflio omi ras gamoewvia

hamsunis mtkice rwmeniT: inglisisa

da mxolod inglisis moqmedebas, radganac

es qveyana germaniis aseT aRmavlobas

arafrisdidebiT ar moiTmenda.

hitleri didxans gaurboda saxelmwifoTa

samxedro dapirispirebas,

iTxovda, sxva ra, iTxovda, rom sul

mciredi mainc daeTmoT misTvis, iTxovda

martoden WuWrutanas, derefans

germaniis miwa-wylis Soreul nawilTan.

magram inglisi ara Tmobda, radganac

omi surdao.

inglisi Tu oms mowadinebuliyo,

hitlersac sxva ra unda eRona, Tu ara

is, rom maxvili eSiSvla

da daiRvreboda diTirambebad misi

moixseniebda yvela xalxis uflebaTa

dacvisaTvis mebrZolad. aRiarebda

evangelistur winaswarmetyvelad da

umaRlesi rangis reformatorad, visac

bedisweris ganCinebiT moRvaweoba

mouxda umagaliTo sisastikis epoqaSi

da swored amas Seewira.

omis dasrulebisTanave gaasamarTlebdnen

hamsuns samSoblos Ralatis

braldebiT da cixes mxolod xandazmulobis

wyalobiT gadaurCeboda.

erTxans SinapatimrobaSi gamoketavdnen,

mere moxucTa TavSesafarSi amyofebdnen,

Semdeg ki oslos fsiqiatriul

klinikaSi gagzavnidnen gamosakvlevad.

arafrisdidebiT ar gatydeboda

hamsuni da ar moinaniebda Tavis saqciels:

_ rasac vwerdi, Secdoma ara yofila.

ar yofila Secdoma, rodesac vwerdi.

savsebiT viziareb maSindel Sexedulebebs

da sindisic gakrialebuli

maqvs.

gonebrivi unaris asakismieri daqveiTebao,

_ aseTi aRmoCndeboda misi

samedicino daskvna. sicocxlis ukanasknel

wlebs Tavis mamulSi gaatarebda,

norholmSi, gamomcemloba rom

gamoisyidda misTvis, Torem sasamarTlo

ganaCeniT qonebas erTianad CamoarTmevdnen.

1949 wels misi bolo Txzuleba gamoqveyndeboda,

mogonebani _ `gabardul

bilikebze~, romelic sruliadac

ar amJRavnebda hamsunis gonebrivi

unaris asakismier daqveiTebas.

wigni aRwerda mis gancdebs dapatimrebis

dRidan uzenaesi sasamarTlos

rostom CxeiZe

ra moewia hamsuns,

paunds ra moewia

(Tavi monografiidan `grigol robaqiZe da axali miTosi~)

knut hamsuni

ni amas STanTqmad sulac ar miiCnevda

_ oRondac britanelebisaTvis daemoklebinaT

xelebi da maTi samxedropolitikuri

eqspansiisaTvis erTxel

da samudamod moeRoT bolo da dae

TavianTi gavlenis qveS moeqciaT.

sZulda inglisi hamsuns, hoi, ra

sZulda, ver epatiebina norvegiis dapyroba-rbevani

da axla fiureri da

germania TiTqos mis nacvlad iZiebda

Surs. am TvaliT gahyurebda maT winsvlas

da an aRtaceba rogor daefara,

an imedi ratom gadaewura.

mTels evropaSi gaeTqva saxeli hamsuns,

arc elitaruli saliteraturo

wreebis dafaseba da aRiareba aklda da

arc sayovelTao popularoba, 1920

wels miniWebuli nobelis premia _ romanisaTvis

`madli miwisa~ _ mxolod

oficialurad adasturebda mis did

zegavlenas evropis samwerlo da kulturul

cxovrebaze da amitomac mis-

Cerebodnen gulisyuriT mis yovel sityvas

da, rodesac germanel Jurnalistsa

da pacifists karl fon oseckis

nacistebi _ Zalauflebis xelSi Cagdebis

Semdeg _ daapatimrebdnen da

sakoncentracio banakSi gaamwesebdnen,

yvela gansakuTrebiT moeloda hamsunis

saprotesto gamoxmaurebas.

osecki gabedulad amxelda nacistTa

mkacr represiebs sxvagvarad

moazrovneTa mimarT da germaniis militaristul

swrafvebsac da, cxadia,

siTamames aseTi politikuri reJimis

pirobebSi aravin apatiebda.

mis gamoqomagebas vinc moindomebda,

kidec moifiqrebdnen waredginaT

nobelis premiaze, imedovnebdnen, misi

mopoveba daixsnis sakoncentracio

banakidano. oseckis wardgena premiaze

did dava-kamaTs gamoiwvevda mis

momxreTa da mowinaaRmdegeTa Soris

da mwvave paeqrobisas hamsuni... Jurnalistis

mowinaaRmdegeTa banakSi aRmoCndeboda.

igi oseckis gaamtyunebda,

da misi am saqcieliT aRSfoTebuli

herman vildenvi da Tomas mani ki

hamsuns daayenebdnen mZafri kritikis

samizneze.

inglisi muxlebze unda dadges,

bolSevikebisa da amerikelTa damarcxeba

ara kmara, inglisma unda ganicados

mware da sruli fiasko, mxolod

maSin eSveleba evropasac da msofliosac,

mxolod maSin daisadgurebs

sayovelTao mSvidobao, _ sxva arafris

gagoneba ara surda hamsuns, inglisis

muxlebze damCoqebeli ki germania

iqneboda Tu iqneboda, fiureris winam-

ZRolobiT, da rodesac amxela misia

CaeTqvaT, ras astexodnen es sxvagvarad

moazrovneni, ratom ar aclidnen

mizandasaxul moqmedebas. da am oseckisac

viTom ra eneba, ratom gadadgosaxelis

xsenebaze hamsuni:

_ igi jvarosani da reformatoria,

surda Seeqmna axali epoqa da axali

cxovreba yvela qveynisaTvis, mtkice

saerTaSoriso erToba yoveli

qveynis sakeTildReod. ai, ra surda.

da mis garjas ukvalod ar Cauvlia,

xalxma da erebma mas mxari dauWires,

mxardamxar dadgnen, xalxma da erebma

gadawyvites masTan erTad gaemarjvaT.

Cven amis mowmeni varT.

da kidev:

_ igi medgrad dgas, adolf hitleri,

es gamoCenili adamiani, romelmac

mSvidad da msubuqad wamoaqcia mTeli

msoflio da axla meore mxares abrunebs!

igi gaumklavdeba! mis gverdiTaa

misi italieli TanamebrZoli, masTan

arian evropis mTavari kontinenturi

saxelmwifoni, isini erToblivad gaarTmeven

Tavs _ da omsac bolo moe-

Reba!

`misi italieli TanamebrZoli~ gam-

Wvirvaled mianiSnebda benito musolinis.

amjerad ukve TanamebrZolad

qceula is kaci, visic hamsuns erT

dros, vidre hitleri aRzevdeboda,

yvelaze metad eimedeboda. italiur

faSizms rom miesalmeboda, misi gamomcemeli

aRuTqvamda, musolinis piradad

gagacnobo. da nasiamovnebi hamsuni

didad daumadlebda: Zalian mindoda

gamomexata musolinisaTvis Cemi

udidesi aRfrTovaneba da uRrmesi pativiscema

_ mowyale RmerTma am

areul Jams WeSmariti vaJkaci mogvivlinao.

da ahyveboda ocnebas, ra iqneba norvegiasac

ewvios italiur-germanuli

sikeTeni da faSizmma raRac formiT

Cems samSobloSic gaimarjvoso.

meore msoflio omi rom atydeboda

da germaniis armia norvegiaSic Sei-

Wreboda, hamsuni mouwodebda Tanamemamuleebs,

winaaRmdegobas nu gauwevT

germanelebs, maT Cveni dacva aqvT ganzraxuli

ingliselebisagano. Tumc

nacistebTan TanamSromlobiT ar

uTanamSromlia, magram arasodes daufaravs

Rrma simpaTia maTdami.

ocnebis evropa mxolod ase warmoedgina:

saxelmwifoTa gaerTianeba germanuli

nacional-socializmis winamZRolobiT.

fiureris sikvdils nekrologiT

gamoexmaureboda 1945 wlis 7 maiss da

mier gamotanil sabraldebo ganaCenamde,

da Seuracxyofisa da wyenis

umZafres SegrZnebas. gulistkiviliT

aRniSnavda: TanamemamuleTagan TanagrZnobas

Tu ara, ufro met pativiscemas

xom mainc vimsaxurebo.

mkiTxveli aRiarebda, rom kvlavac

did xelovnad darCeniliyo, saukeTeso

stilistad da mTxrobelad.

am wigniT hamsuni mkiTxvelis winaSe

wardgeboda ara gasamarTlebul politikosad,

ara sulier moZRvrad, vinc

TvistomT yalb ideas uqadagebda,

aramed unikaluri talantis mwerlad,

vinc msoflios uZRvna norvegiam.

misi saxelis irgvliv advilad ver

SeTanxmdebodnen da norvegielebi

didxans ikamaTebdnen, rogor SevafasoT

hamsuni _ rogorc mwerali Tu

rogorc politikosio rogorc patrioti

Tu rogorc kolaboracionistio

da saRi Tvalsazrisi mainc is aRmo-

Cndeboda, misi mxatvruli memkvidreobis

gadasarCenad gamiznuli, TviT

norvegiuli sazogadoebis ganaCenma,

hamsuni rom kolaboracionizmisaTvis

gaasamarTles, ar unda gvaiZulos, `misteriebis~

Semoqmedi faSistad SevracxoTo.

bolosdabolos, ras warmoadgenda

hamsunis faSizmi es iyo mtkice

uaryofa inglisuri civilizaciisa

da masTan erTad teqnokratuli procesebisa,

ramac mkveTrad gadaasxvafera

qalaquri cxovreba meoce saukunis

damdegso. nacisti Tu iyo iyo,

cxadia, magram norvegiis samefo ojaxma

Tu ingliss Seafara Tavi okupaciis

dasawyisSive, iqidan `marTavda~ norvegias

da amisaTvis isini aravis dausjia,

90 wlis hamsuni ise icavda Tavis

samSoblos, rogorc SeeZloo.

vera, ver gaimetebdnen dasakargavad

im literaturul miRwevebs, rac

hamsunis saxels ukavSirdeboda, hitleris

qeba-didebas ver anacvalebdnen,

da mkiTxvels amitomac Seagonebdnen:

Tu hamsunisa araferi wagikiTxavT

da mxolod raRac-raRacebi gsmeniaT

masze da cota ar iyos aTvalwunebiT

uyurebT, Zalian gTxovT, nu SeaqcevT

zurgs mis Txzulebebs, rogorc moiqcnen

norvegielebi meore msoflio

omis damTavrebisas. waikiTxeT misi

Tundac erTi wigni da TviTonve Se-

ZlebT pasuxi gasceT SekiTxvas _ vin

14 - 27 maisi 2010

aris hamsuni faSisti Tu... oRond es

aucileblad piradad unda gadawyvitoTo.

saqarTveloSi knut hamsunis mxatvruli

naazrevi gansakuTrebiT maxlobeli

aRmoCndeboda konstantine

gamsaxurdiasaTvis da 1923 wels miunxenSi

daweril literaturul-kritikul

etiudSi lamis Tayvanebamde miRweul

damokidebulebas Tavidanve

gaamJRavnebda: Cems sawol oTaxSi, So-

Tasa da ilias suraTis qvemoT, maRali,

mxarbeWiani, saTvaliani kacis suraTi

hkidia. igi saocari dakvirvebiT

icqireba win, gancvifreba ixateba mis

saxeze, TiTqos SimSilisa da tanjvisagan

Tavgabelatebuli kacis nacvlad

_ bunebis wiaRSi, zRapruli cidan Camovardnili

balRi iyoso.

da iqve mosdevs:

_ WeSmaritad `cidan Camovardnili~

mweralia igi.

SoTa rusTvelisa da ilia WavWavaZis

moxsenieba hamsunis gverdiT

TavisTavad ukve metyveli miniSnebaa,

norvegieli mwerali `dionisos Rimilis~

Semoqmedis sulier Tanaziarad

da literaturul orientirad rom

qceula, magram TiTqos amasac ar kmarobs,

radgan aleqsandre yazbegis

aCrdilsac gamoixmobs, Tanac orgzis.

rogorc yazbegis personaJebs

aRiqvams realurad arsebul adamianebad,

ise hamsunisas.

rogorc yazbegis gmirTa siyvaruli

eCveneba raRac sakvirvelebad, ise

hamsunisa.

konstantine gamsaxurdias TvalSi

`misteriebis~ Semoqmedi miTosur

gmirebsac ki utoldeba, amitom idumalebaSi

hxvevs mis biografias da

mkiTxvels umtkicebs, mTavaria, rom

mudam Tan vatareb nagelis fiqrebs,

masTan erTad mitanjnia da cremlic

miRvriao.

idumalebis mociqulad ixsenieben

`misteriebis~ mTavar gmirs

qarTvel mwerals Zalian moswons

ezra paundi

aseTi saxeldeba da hamsunzec gadaaqvs,

isic imave saocari JiniTaa Sepyrobilio.

erT romanTan dakavSirebiT axsenebs

`sisxliT daweril striqonebs~,

magram msjelobis paTosi gvagrZnobinebs,

rom es aRmtaci Sefaseba norvegielis

mTels Semoqmedebaze ganzogaddeba,

iseve, rogorc `bumberazuli,

magram Cumi brZola adamianis gulsa

da Jins Soris".

am etiudis Seqmnis Semdgom sakmao

xani gasula, hamsuni germanuli nacizmisa

da fiureris mexotbed qceula

da arc devna-Seviwroeba moklebia

da arc sasamarTlo Tu fsiqiatriuli

saavadmyofo. misi saxeli saTrevi gamxdara

da, Tumc norvegielebs bolosdabolos,

SeundiaT misTvis da _ gardacvalebis

Semdeg _ misi Txzulebani

aRar ikrZaleba, sabWoTa reJimis

saqarTveloSi Tu aris SesaZlebeli

konstantine gamsaxurdias am portretuli

monaxazis xelmeore gamoqveyneba

Turme SesaZlebeli yofila.

etiudi `knut hamsuni~ daibeWdeba

eseebis ortomeulSic da rCeul TxzulebaTa

tomeulebSic.

egaa, mwerals dasWirdeboda sagangebo

postskriptumis darTva:


14 - 27 maisi 2010

`samwuxaroa, rom mixrwnilebaSi gadamdgari

moxuci hamsuni faSisti kanibalebisadmi

simpaTiiT ganimsWvala~.

erTgvar gamarTlebas imiT uZebnis,

rom am politikur Secdomas misi xandazmuli

asakiT xsnis, TiTqos maSin

norvegiels bevri aRaraferi moekiTxeboda.

asea Tu ise, qarTvelma mweralma

aucileblad unda dagmos misi es

nabiji, raTa am xerxiT etiudi gadaarCinos

cenzuris msaxvral xels.

taqtika gaamarTlebs.

70-ian wlebSi hamsunis qarTul Tematikas

miuZRvnidnen statiebs, erTi

mxriv, nodar kakabaZe da nodar ruxaZe,

da, meore mxriv, mixeil kveselava,

aeridebodnen mis nacistur idealebze

msjelobas da maTi narkvevebi

daubrkolebliv gaaRwevda `literaturuli

saqarTvelosa~ Tu `saunjis~

furclebze.

erT kritikul werilSi otia paWkorias

rom dasWirdeboda knut hamsunis

romanis (`misteriebi~) xseneba, rogorc

STamagoneblisa erT-erTi qarTuli

romanisaTvis, arc mas Seexeboda

cenzoris kalami.

80-ian wlebSi `misteriebi~ calke

wignadac gamoicemoda da, rasakvirvelia,

mTargmneliseul boloTqmaSi Tamar

abramiSvili biografiul cnobebs

amoaklebda nacizmiTa da fiureriT

gatacebasa da amis gamo hamsunis mware

xvedrs.

arc mis sxva romanebs, moTxrobebs,

piesebsa Tu statiebs eloda raime winaRoba,

Tuki iTargmneboda, erTader-

Ti adolf hitleris qeba nursad gasxlteboda.

CvenSi mxolod grigol robaqiZis

saxels unda dasdevdnen amosaSlelad,

rogor Tu fiurers ganadidebdao.

is ki ara, gadaTqmam Tu monaniebamac

veraferi uSvelos.

hamsuns moCvenebiTi monaniebac ar

dasWirdeboda: savsebiT viziareb maSindel

Sexedulebebs da sindisic

gakrialebuli maqvso.

Sehxaroda italiur faSizmsa da

musolinis ezra paundi. radiogamosvlebiTac

asxamda xotbas da politikur

pamfletsac Seqmnida `jefersoni

da/an musolini~. originaluri

saTauria, ara erTdroulad maerTebeli

da mapirispirebeli kavSirebi.

`da~ kavSiri airCios, anda `an~, erTerTi

datovos da meores Seelios. magram

sworedac esaa poetis Canafiqri

_ orive erTdroulad, radganac meti

simkveTrisaTvis arCevanis Zieba ur-

Cevnia saboloo gadawyvetilebas.

vrcelia es pamfletic, grigol

robaqiZis `musolinisa~ ar iyos, da

masaviT didebis SaravandSia gaxveuli

duCes monumenturi figura.

`musolinis pirovnebis nebismieri

Rrma gansja garkveulwilad rwmenis

aqtia, da damokidebulia imaze, Tu rogoria

_ Seni rwmeniT _ es kaci da risi

miRweva surs~, _ rodesac aseT Sexedulebas

gvimtkicebs paundi, igi Tvi-

Tonvea xelSesaxebi dasturi, musolinize

msjeloba rwmenis ritualisagan

rom arc ganerCeva da mxolod am

gadasaxedidan gaiazrebs mis politikur

idealsac da TviTeul nabijsac.

musolinis arasodes uTxovia gansxvavebuli

xasiaTis mqone erebisaTvis,

gadaeRoT faSizmis agebuleba da monaxazio,

_ es dakvirveba paundisaTvis

umniSvnelovanesia da duCes monumenturobis

erT-erTi arsebiTi niSani; da

rakiRa misi es Tviseba aRmouCenia,

Tamamad mimarTavs sulac kacobriobas:

gadaiyvaneT inglisSi da naxavT,

Tu rogor gahyveba Tavis fesvebs da

duglasiviT vitanagemots CaeWidebao.

vitanagemoti ras gulisxmobs

Zveli anglo-saqsuri sityvaa da

aRniSnavda saxelovan adamianTa krebuls.

am krebulSi Tavs iyridnen episkoposebi,

uxucesebi, Tenebi da sxvani.

maT asaxelebdaT mefe da ikribebodnen

misTvis rCevis gasaziareblad saxelmwifos

marTvisas. da musolini inglisSi

rom dabadebuliyo, am tradiciis

erTguli mimdevari iqneboda.

musolinis saidumlos amoxsnasac

xom ar utrialebda paundi

am rangis poets es ganzraxva aucileblad

eqneboda da kidec miakvlevda,

yovel SemTxvevaSi, TavisTvis ivaraudebda:

duCes saidumloeba albaT

mis unarSia, amoirCios umniSvnelovanesi

da usaWiroesi elementi yovelgvari

CaxlarTuli viTarebidano.

da kidev: rodesac adamianTan aqvs

saqme, pirdapir miadges am kacis interesis

Suagulso.

sxvani musolinis imitom Tu aRiarebdnen,

plutokratia daTrgunao,

paundi am saxelmwifo moRvaweSi gacilebiT

mets xedavda, upirvelesad ki

pirovnebas, vinc politika xelovnebad

aqcia.

gansakuTrebul sulier siaxlovesac

amitom ganicdida masTan da mondomebuli

gaxldaT, yvelas Seetyo da

erwmuna duCes es gamorCeulobac da

misi warmatebis sawyisic:

_ musolinim uTxra Tavis xalxs,

saxelmwifosaTvis aucilebelia poeziao,

da amitomac avida civilizacia

ufro maRal doneze romSi, vidre londonsa

Tu vaSingtonSi.

ar apatiebdnen amerikelebi paunds

italiuri faSizmiTa da musoliniT

aRtacebas da 1943 wels saxelmwifo

RalatSi dasdebdnen brals.

amerikel mweralTa Sorisac araer-

Ti gamoCndeboda, vinc am uTvalsaCinoesi

poetis sikvdiliT dasjas moiTxovda,

kacisa, vinc aramarto Tavisi

mxatvruli ZiebebiT gahkvala axali

gzebi XX saukunis msoflio modernizmSi,

aramed sasikeTo pirovnuli zegavleniTac.

misi saguldagulo redaqciiTa da

TanadgomiT gamoqveyndeboda tomas

sternz eliotis poema `berwi miwa~,

epoqaluri qmnileba da Taviseburi

orientiri, romelsac avtori am sityvebiT

miuZRvnida ezra paunds: Cemze

did ostatso.

misi TanadgomiT gamoqveyndeboda

jeimz joisis romani `ulisec~, aseve

epoqaluri qmnileba da Taviseburi

orientiri.

mis zegavlenas ganicdida ernest

heminguei, sul sxva maneris Semoqmedi,

magram paundi arasodes SemozRudula

erTi romelime stilistikiTa Tu

poetikiT da upirvelesi momxre gaxldaT

literaturuli mravalferovnebisa.

swored heminguei gamoidebda Tavs

paundisaTvis am umZimes Jams, gamoidebda,

Tumc TviTon demokratobda da

general frankos faSistur moZraobasac

iaraRiT upirispirdeboda espaneTSi.

maswavleblad aRiarebda paunds

da Zalian awuxebda misi bedi. cxadia,

verasodes apatiebda Tavs, mxolod

Soridan rom edevnebina Tvali, Tu

rogor warimarTeboda poetis bedi.

amitomac moelaparakeboda saerTo

literaturul megobrebs da SesTavazebda:

suliT avadmyofad gamovacxadoT

da sikvdiliT dasjas amiT gadavarCenTo.

daujerebdnen da am TxovniT

mimarTavdnen amerikis mTavrobas.

romSi myof paunds Zalian ki undoda,

amerikelTa samxedro Zalebs Cabareboda,

magram musolinis sikvdiliT

dasjidan or dReSi italieli partizanebi

daakavebdnen saxlSi. keri boltoni

poetis biografiis gadmocemisas

sagangebod aRniSnavs, rom paunds

konfuciusis wigni Caudevs jibeSi da

partizanebs ise gahyolia, darwmunebuli,

rom daxvretdnen. igi xom aramarto

gatacebuli iyo Cinuri poezii-

Ta da filosofiiT da Targmnida kidec,

is ganwyobilebani Tavis leqseb-

Sic Semohqonda, da niSandoblivia,

rom eliotma Searqva `Cinuri poeziis

gamomgonebeli Cvens droSi~.

igi mzadaa daxvriton maincdamainc

konfuciusis wignTan erTad. magram

sikvdiliT dasjis nacvlad piza-

Si Caiyvandnen da yvelaze saSiS

samxedro tyveTa banakSi moaTavsebdnen.

esec misi radiogamosvlebis saz-

Rauri.

rakiRa faSist samxedro damnaSaveebs

gauTanabres, cariel, betonis

iatakian oTaxSi amitomac Seagdes, autaneli

sicxis pirobebSi, mTeli Rame

Suqic rom ara qreboda.

paunds janmrTeloba Seeryeoda da

samkurnalo blokSi gadaiyvandnen, sadac...

`pizuri simRerebis~ weras Seudgeboda.

noemberSi vaSingtonSi gadaafrendnen

da cixeSi Casvamdnen, magram

suliT avadmyofad gamocxadebis Semdeg

SeSlil damnaSaveTa wm. elizabe-

Tis saxlSi miuCendnen adgilsamyofels.

aq gaagrZelebda weras da 300

literaturuli gazeTi

tradiciul Cinur leqssac Targmnida,

rac 1954 wels ixilavda mzis sina-

Tles.

bolingenis premia rom daarsdeboda

1949 wels, kongresis biblioTekis

amerikuli mwerlobis sabWo, imave

premiis Jiuri, pirvel laureatad

aRiarebda ezra paunds `pizuri simRerebisaTvis~.

Jiuris wevrTa Soris imyofeboda

alen teitic, poeti, eseisti da mecnieri,

vinc am literaturuli movlenis

irgvliv sagangebo eseis dawerda

_ `ezra paundi da bolingenis premia~,

raTa aexsna amgvari gadawyvetilebis

aucilebloba da piradi motivic, Tu

ratom dauWira mxari pirvel laureatad

paundis arCevas, miuxedavad imisa,

rom literaturul Woriknebs araerTxel

CaewveTebinaT teitisaTvis,

Sens Semoqmedebas paundi yovelTvis

aTvalwunebiT ixseniebdao.

alen teiti ar gaiziarebda Tvalsazriss,

paundis upasuxismgeblo Sexedulebani

mxolod axlos Cauvlis mis

poezias, rac Seuryvneli rCebao.

miuRebeli Sexedulebani uSualod

poeziis SuagulSiao, _ waedaveboda

nagulisxmev oponentebs, _ da ise unda

aRviqvaT, rogoric sinamdvileSia:

subieqturi, kerpi da ganyenebulio.

kerZo SemTxvevas ganazogadebs teiti

da sulac ara fiqrobs, TiTqos

pirovnebis biografia da Semoqmedeba

ori sruliad gancalkevebuli movlena

iyos, arsad rom ar gadahkveTen er-

Timeores. isini bevrwilad unda gansazRvravdnen

erTmaneTs, da Tu gulubryvilo

mkiTxveli SeiZleba motyuvdes

da keTilSobilebis iluzia ke-

TilSobilebad aRiqvas, sikeTis iluzia

sikeTed, moralis iluzia moralad,

profesionals aseTi Secdoma arasodes

daemarTeba da mis Tvalwin Txzulebis

arsi da eTikuri mrwamsi xelSesaxebad

iSifreba.

teits `pizuri simRerebis~ formaluri

upasuxismgeblobac xvdeba

TvalSi da irwmuneba, kritikuli SeniSvnebi

maSinac gamiCndeboda, poemaSi

antifaSisturi Tvalsazrisebi rom

iyos gamoTqmulio.

sagangebod aRniSnavs imasac: romis

radioTi paundis gadacemebs aravi-

Tari zegavlena ara hqonia am qveyana-

Si da mxolod sakuTari Tavis saziano

daudevrobad darCao.

am simRerebis antisemitizmi

miaCnia, rom simRerebis antisemitizms

seriozulad aravin aRiqvams,

garda liberali inteleqtualebisa,

radganac: paundis Sexedulebebs antisemitebi

ver gamoiyeneben, saamisod

Zalze umankoao.

mravalmxriv sagulisxmoa teitis

esei da ase rom gavyveT, veRarc CamovexsnebiT.

amitomac mis birTvs davukvirdeT,

ris garSemoc ikvris kompoziciuri

qarga.

ratom misca xma paundis dajildoebas

ratom da:

_ literaturis sijansaRe damokidebulia

sazogadoebis sijansaReze da

piriqiT; da mudam fxizlad unda vadevnoT

Tvali procesis orive mxares.

mwerlis specifikuri movaleobaa

izrunos sazogadoebis janmrTelobaze

ara mTlianad, aramed literaturaSi

_ es niSnavs, rom man gamudmebiT

unda icodes, Tu ra dReSia ena mis

dros. paundis enaze bolo ocdaaTi

wlis manZilze dakvirvebis Sedegad

davrwmundi, rom mas yvela sxvaze meti

wvlili miuZRvis inglisuri leqsis,

Tu ara warmosaxviTi formebisa, enis

aRorZinebaSi mainc.

politikuri koniunqtura sruliad

ucxoa ara mxolod alen teitisa da

Jiuris sxva wevrebisaTvis, aramed amerikuli

sinamdvilisaTvis saerTod.

Jiuris wevrebs miniWebuli aqvT ufleba,

TviTon gadawyviton laureatis bedi,

da ar emuqrebaT devnis saSiSroeba, Tundac

iseTi kacic rom SearCion, vinc

cixidan SeSlil damnaSaveTa saxlSi

gadauyvaniaT da aravin uwyis, eRirseba

Tu ara odesme Tavisufali cis xilva.

1953 wels paunds jer kidev ara hqonia

diagnozi dasmuli, mxolod zogadad

aRniSnavdnen: pirovneba daer-

Rvao. 50-iani wlebis Sua xanebSi gavlenian

pirTa da Jurnalebis SuamdgomlobiT

igi gaaTavisufles da 13-wliani

tusaRobis Semdeg _ 1958 wlis 18

proza 3

aprils _ saxelmwifo Ralatis braldebac

gauuqmes.

oriod TveSi, kerZod, 30 ivniss, igi

italiaSi gaemgzavra da neapolSi daxvedril

Jurnalistebs faSisturi salami

misca.

mis msoflxedvaSi odnavi cvlilebac

ar momxdara da arc diplomatiuri

mosazrebiT ucdia TavSekaveba.

amasac ar ikmarebs da saqveynod

ganacxadebs:

_ mTeli amerika fsiqiatriuli

saavadmyofoa.

`simRerebis~ SeTxzvasac kvlav gaagrZelebda

da mimowerasac iseT politikur

moRvaweebTan, rogorebic

iyvnen kasperi da mosli.

`igi Seurigebeli darCa amerikuli

sistemis mimarT da politikuri Sexedulebis

gamo mxolod gardacvalebis

_ 1972 wlis noemberi _ Semdeg eRirsa

aRiareba da jildoebi~, _ ityvis keri

boltoni, Tumc ratom unda gamogvrCes,

rom bolingenis literaturuli

premia sicocxleSive da sulac SeSlil-

Ta saxlSi gamoketvis Jams argunes.

qarTul sinamdvileSic misi saxeli

sicocxleSive SemoaRwevda zviad gamsaxurdias

meoxebiT. jer 1971 wels gamocemul

monografiaSi `XX saukunis

amerikuli poezia~ daeTmoboda

paunds oriod gverdi da gamorCeul

movlenadac moixsenieboda rogorc

imaJizmis mimdevari da rogorc im

rangis Semoqmedi, vinc SeuZlebelia

Caetios erTi nacionaluri literaturis

sazRvrebSi. iqve mis or leqssac

gaecnoboda mkiTxveli. Semdgom ki

1972 wels gamoqveynebul mcire anTologiaSi

`amerikeli poetebi~ misi

kidev araerTi poeturi nimuSi moeqceoda

qarTul enobriv samoselSi.

paundi rom jerac cocxalia,

orive wignSi gamWvirvaledaa miniSnebuli:

misi yvelaze popularuli wignia

`qebani~, romelic jer arc unda iyos

dasrulebulio.

cxadia, gakvriTac arsadaa aRniSnuli,

es poeti italiur faSizmsa da

musolinis rom ganadidebda da amisaTvis

arc cixe daklebia da arc fsiqiatriuli

klinika, magram mTavari

isaa, rom qarTul enazec Tavisuflad

Cndeba misi saxelic da leqsebic. ar

dagiSlian, Tu maincdamainc mis Tavgadaklul

faSistobas ar Seasxam xotbas

da am gadasaxedidan ar gaiazreb

mis poeziasa da biografias.

CvenSi mxolod grigol robaqiZis

saxels unda dasdevdnen amosaSlelad,

rogor Tu duCes ganadidebdao.

`o, RmerTo! o, venera! o, qurdebis

mfarvelo merkuri!~ ismineT Cemi vedreba,

maRirseT Tambaqos patara farduli~

_ ukve qarTul enazec SesTxovda

zecas ezra paundi _ `momaqiraveT

Tambaqos patara farduli, an

momiCineT sxva ram xeloba, oRond

marideT mwerlis dawyevlili xeloba,

romelic iTxovs dRedaRam tvinis

muSaobas~.

sakuTar bedisweras vin gaqcevia,

paundi rom garideboda, da es vedrebac

piradi xvedris gadaulaxaobis

tragizmiT ganmsWvalula.

arafers moinaniebda.

aravis Seepueboda.

da idga neapolSi Jurnalistebis

winaSe faSisturi JestiT, d'anuncios

mignebuliT, musolinis misakuTrebuliT.

aRarc erTi iyo, aRarc meore,

dros waeRo maTi metoqeobac da italiuri

faSizmic daemsxvria, rogorc

mZlavri moZraoba. paundiRa inarCunebda

mis garegnul niSnebs, isRa ekowiweboda

musolinis saxels da daJinebiT

cdilobda yvelasaTvis Seegonebina,

rom saxelmwifosaTvis aucilebelia

poezia.

es mrwamsi ar unda damarxuliyo

duCes nawameb sxeulTan erTad.

amerikisaTvis ki Tavisi 13-wliani

patimroba rogor epatiebina.

mTeli amerika fsiqiatriuli saavadmyofoao,

_ mgznebarebas Caaqsovda

am sityvebSi da am frazis Semdeg

italiis miwaze xelSesaxebad SeigrZnobda

Tavisuflebas.

neta sabWoTa imperiaze raRas ityoda,

cali fexi rom mainc Semocdenoda

da misi poeturi mzeris winaSe erTbaSad

gadaxsniliyo am qveynis arsi

amerika Tu fsiqiatriuli saavadmyofo

iyo, neta sabWoeTs raRa unda

darqmeoda

da iZireboda qveyniereba tkivilsa

da sasowarkveTaSi.


4 poezia literaturuli gazeTi 14 - 27 maisi 2010

meduza. SroSnis Taiguli

yvelaze metad zRva momwonda,

kargad vcuravdi,

ciskiduramde

mividodi

xelur-tivuriT,

arc zvigenebi maSinebdnen,

miT ufro maSin,

roca miyvardi

da CemSi veRar eteoda

es siyvaruli,

zRvasaviT iyo,

mawydeboda,

rogorc napirs

wasalekavad.

gaxsovs

mamCnevdi _

suli maSin kbiliT mekava...

yofas vekide,

rogorc saydars _

liTonis zari

da Cems SigniT

vgugunebdi

daurekavad.

yvelaze metad zRva miyvarda

da Ralatic _ pirveli da unamdvilesi _

zRvisagan maxsovs,

zRvaze maxsovs,

roca talRebs daunaneblad miveci Tavi

da maT siRrmeSi TavganwirviT

TaviT CaveSvi,

saxiT pirdapir meduzaSi Cavenarcxe,

romelic wyalSi lotosiviT gadaSliliyo

da Sxamiani sacecebi amoeSvira,

rogorc mklavebi _

Seyvarebulis Casaxvevad gamzadebuli...

da saxeze TiTqos asi WinWari damcxes,

TiTqos asi siyvarulis Wmunvam Semipyro,

uceb davsivdi da tuCebi amomeburca,

tkivilisagan damebrica

da roca Tavi amovyavi,

Sen gegona, rom

giRimodi...

RamiT saxeze

siyvarulis mTeli Sxami gamomefina,

mxolod ase mogerie da dagamTavre,

roca TiTqos erTianad momerRva xorcni

da vbutbutebdi:

RmerTo, ukan gibruneb tuCebs,

aRar mWirdeba,

radgan mxolod meduza mkocnis

da vnebianad mekoneba,

viT satrfos bage,

rogorc wiaRi _

ukuRmarTad waRma mbrunavi,

zRvam es maCuqa,

CemTvis mxolod susxi ikmara,

satrfos mklaviviT amomido TavsasTumali _

TeTri meduza,

rogorc velis SroSanTa gundi

gamoucnobad mocaxcaxe xelSi ekava

da maniSnebda _

siyvaruli swored es aris:

Sens sivrceebSi gugunebde

daurekavad...

kvrinCxi

noemberi Cumad da TavisTvis tiris

Canacruli zecis Camuqebul iriss,

megobarma ise Camomtexa mxari,

TiTqos kvrinCxis totebs Seamtvria wkiri.

wvimis TqeSis garda vin daiwyebs valals,

vin itirebs xeebs _ Casxepils da moWrils,

dgas tyis piras erTi ekliani kvrinCxi

da totebiT mZime simartoves fxoWnis.

viRas eli netav, daZenZilo kvrinCxo,

qarTlis velze mdgaro tetiav da boTev,

ase unda idge... gazafxuli aRar

agiyvavebs metad Camosxepil totebs.

ar WikWikebs Citi da noembris qarSi

gadabmuli wvimis TxlaSuniRa ismis,

megobari midis Tu orRobis bolos

milawlawebs dardiT gacrecili nisli...

Sahidebi

magrad makoce,

diliT ukve aRar viqnebiT;

davalebaze oriveni unda gavideT,

didi qalaqis or kideSi gavifantebiT

da Sekreba aRarasdros mogvixerxdeba,

kvamlad aviwevT zecisaken,

mimovibneviT,

da vin icis,

iq egeba veradros SevxvdeT...

giorgi lobJaniZe

magrad makoce Sig tuCebSi,

tani eniT momisinje,

neba-neba ahyevi sxeuls,

erTi nakvTi,

erTi wiboc arsad migrCes daukocneli,

xval es sxeuli mtvrad iqceva

da am Tvalebs qari waiRebs...

samoTxeSi

samoTxe CemTvis SenTan iyo.

sadac gxedavdi,

yvelaferi iq miyvaoda,

iq neldeboda udabnos xvati

da Cems SigniT moiwevda,

rom gul-mkerdze

forejebad gamomfenoda.

diax, samoTxe, _

radgan CemTvis akrZaluli xili iyavi,

yvela mcnebiT

aRkveTili,

beWeddasmuli

da siyvarulsac mxolod maSin movaxerxebdi,

Tu sakuTar Tavs, sxeulsa da sulsac davTmobdi,

davagdebdi, rogorc kans da mogecemodi an

agiRebdi,

rom msgavsi msgavsiT Secnobiliyo...

amitomac:

Sen iyavi

jojoxeTi

da imitom, rom

jojoxeTi Sen iyavi,

jojoxeTi

samoTxe iyo...

sad mivdivarT, xval saiTken gaveSurebiT,

didi qalaqis or kideSi

naRmebiT unda SevangrioT

CvenTvis

uwyalod Carazuli samoTxis bWeni,

unda davTmoT sxeuli Cveni

maradiuli netarebis mosapoveblad...

magram manamde

miwieri netarebis aRmtac wuTebSi

magrad makoce.

Seni sxeulis yvela myesiT

Cemi tanis yvela myesi daimaxsovre,

im adgilebs miageni,

sadac suli da sxeuli erTmaneTs erwymis...

sadac sxeuli sulSi gadadis,

rom

roca xval, Cveni Tavis nangrevebSi gavabijebT

da nawil-nawil avalT zecaSi,

mainc micno

da siyvaruli iq gavagrZeloT...

* * *

m. m-s

ai, gaviareT

es Seni qaSanic,

udabnos gzebia

vrceli...

Raribi qoxebi _

aliziT naSeni,

velze miSvebuli

cxeni...

da avtobusebis

mwuxare sadguri

yiJiniT mihqondaT

xurmebs,

sadac Sen

wasuli megobris

kvaldakval

malulad tirodi

Turme...

yvelani vacilebT

uCumrad viRacas,

gviqreba sxivebi anci,

mere ki,

baliSSi pirqve Camxobilni,

CavbRuiT drosa da manZils.

ros TiToeuli

Cvenganis qaSanSi

mova umdidresi Wiri _

trfoba _

da Cven, rogorc

udabnos Rrublebi,

Raribi cremlebiT vtiriT...

mivdivarT,

TandaTan

xelSi gvecriceba

Zvirfas misamarTTa ruka,

cxovreba gavida,

ratomRa meZaxi,

nuRar mimaxedeb ukan...

lursmnis naWdevi

irakli kakabaZes

babuawvera gaifanta...

Tma aRar SerCa Tavze,

mxolod erTi Reroa, _

isic susti,

mocaxcaxe,

miukarebi...

CaJangebuli lursmaniviT

arWvia miwas,

romlis xelisguls

sisxlic ki ar moswveTavs ukve _

imdenma xanma gaiara,

rom yvelafers xma Cauwyda

da

gailursa...

nu geSinia,

araferi aRar matirebs,

mxolod da mxolod

alya-alya daWrili xaxvi,

romelic _ Cemgan gansxvavebiT _

asfurcelam sxvanairad gamoiyena,

me ki iseT zRaparSi var,

sadac verafers, _

TviT xaxvsac ki, _

ver viyeneb

pirdapiri

daniSnulebiT...

roca devisken mivdiodi,

guli

xaxviviT

furcel-furcel

Semovifcqveni,

gzaze davtove

saegebisod:

iqneb, vinmes moveZebne _

devSi

Casuli _

da am furclebs

Cems kvaldakval gamohyoloda.

ramdenma xanma gaiara...

Cven erTmaneTs kafeSi SevxvdiT...

xaxvis furclebis Taiguli

meWira xelSi,

romelic TeTri vardebiviT

gamogiwode...

Sen ki, _

uecrad, _

babuawveras bususebma agwva Tvalebi

da, saxeze xelebi rom aifare,

swored maSin

SegamCnie

lursmnis naWdevi...

inversia

gaga lomiZes

me damesizmra,

rom did mindorSi

davdevdiT wvimiT gawuwul peplebs,

rogorc maisis briala leqsis

warmoudgenlad mxiarul refrens

da Cven orive viyaviT bavSvi,

Sua gzaze rom xeli gagviSves,

da mze gvaWerda, viT musikosis

grZeli TiTebi damcvdar klaviSebs.

sizmari cxadis inversiaa

da gasakviric ar iyo albaT,

radganac Seni wrfeli Rimili

mudam peplebis magonebs farfats.

oRond miTxari da ZilSi mainc

nu Camayoleb sananebelad,

netavi cxadis romel mindorze

farfatebs sizmris lurji pepela.


14 - 27 maisi 2010

fragmenti

me sxva miTosidan movdivar:

iq, sadac moZRvarma gayida mowafe.

ase daiwyo amoyiraveba.

eli, eli, lama sabaqTani*,

rogor mtkiva jvarze damsxvreuli tani,

rogor mewvis beWi,

rogor xarobs eWvi,

rogor mtovebs sisxli

yvela ZarRvis ReWviT...

suls ras vuberavdi es amdeni xani,

ra vagrove ase

TrTolviT,

misxal-misxal,

eli, eli,

jvari

yurZnis mtevans isxams,

nuTu marTla is xar,

me rom vnaxav sisxams.

Tumca gana me var

jvarze, gana me var _

gaxeTqili guli aRar migavs mtevans,

datetkili saxe

Camqral zambaxs migavs,

vin gaigebs sulis orazrovan igavs:

da aRelda zRva da amovida iqidan mxeci.

Sublze ubrWyvialebda

gasresil ocnebaTa aTinaTi da

uaryofil siyvarulTa ukuRmarTi madli.

amoigmina da iRriala:

sad aris moZRvari, mowafis gamyidveli,

zRvaTa amomyiravebeli,

jojoxeTis bWeTa amombrunebeli

sad aris,

sad aris...

dro _ safrTxobela

ver viswavle ToqmaCoba,

ver dagikar kveri

yvelaferze

da yvelaze

samtrod wamoRerils.

rac gindoda, gamogewrTo

mag Sens samWedloSi,

me aprili momixmobda

iaiis droSiT

da gazafxuls nakadulad

gavyev Rele-Rele,

dRisiT mze da RamiT mTvare

mikocnidnen xelebs,

Cems talRebSi banaobda

varskvlavebis gundi,

Sen Cin-medlebs CabRuodi

da gaqucul mundirs.

frenis SemZles da mosurnes

risTvis melaslasa,

zamTris ymoba rad mindoda

gazafxulis vasals

sul es aris, rac Ralatis

xanZars gadaurCa,

warsuls wvimis Tbili ferfli

afenia lurjad.

iqve erTi safrTxobela

SesCvevia Citebs,

Znelad fiqrobs, Tavze xelebs

mZimed Semoidebs,

verafriT ver gaugia

ugonos da undils _

kacsa Svenis mundiri Tu

kaci Svenis mundirs...

ucxoplaneteli

am qalaqis caze mxolod angelozebi dafrinaven,

da Tu uflis nebiT miwaze Camovlen,

maincdamainc lutis qalaqSi unda Camovidnen

gasafrTxileblad:

aiRe sarCo-sanovage

da gzas daadeqi,

daiRupeba yvela da yoveli,

vinc vnebas imisaTvis ar iyenebs,

risTvisac mieca!

gareT brbo Rrialebs:

mogveci, mogveci

Seni stumrebi,

madisaRmZvrelia maTi aramiwieri silamaze,

piraRma amovabrunebT,

rogorc RmerTi Cvens qalaqs,

Cveni codvebisTvis...

angelozebma Wkua iswavles.

ician, dRes luti aRar aris,

rom brbos vnebas gadaarCinos

maTi eTeruli sxeulebi

da amitomac

dafrinaven ucxoplanetelTa kostumebSi,

gulmiuvalni,

mokvdavTa ukuRmarTi vnebebisgan daculni

da Seuxedavobis javSanSi damalulni...

*`ufalo, ufalo, raisTvis damiteve me!~ (arameuli)

literaturuli gazeTi

vin gadaarCens silamazes wartyvnisagan _

yovel gazafxuls,

daunaneblad isxipeba iasamnebi...

angelozebma Wkua iswavles.

mxolod am sulel iasamnebs ar yofniT Wkua:

rogorc ki siTbo xels dauqnevT,

totebidan moiweven yvavilebis frial-frialiT,

yru samyaroze upasuxod Seyvarebulni...

Cemo ucxoplanetelo,

Tu SegiZlia,

Tan waiRe moyvavile iasamnis mTeli xeebi,

rogorc guli qveynis yvela Seyvarebulis,

da roca iq Sens angelozur martoobaSi

mag Sens ucxoplanetelis javSans gaixdi

da WeSmarit silamazes amoaSuqeb,

marto ar iyo,

SenTan darCes

suni

totebdamtvreuli iasamanis...

* * *

martoa Cemi megobari mRvdeli, ufalo,

oTxkedelSua wevs did taxtze, Tavis katasTan,

TviTon hgonia, rom arasdros marto ar aris,

radgan Sen hyavxar da suyvelgan gverdiT

dahyvebi,

rogorc Sleifi sizmrebis da warmosaxvebis,

rac arasdros, erTxelac ar gauucxovda.

gexvewebi, am imedebs nu gaucrueb,

romc ar iyo, adeqi da Tavi Seqmeni,

iyavi masTan,

nu datoveb katasTan marto,

sizmariviT aucxaddi,

gaumartivdi...

* * *

ise viRlebi,

leqsebs rom vwer,

axla marto sizmrad vnaxulob,

da sizmari diliT ukve veRar gamomaqvs:

detalebi maviwydeba

anu mTavari...

wuxelac gnaxe,

rad mobrundi

xom damemuqre,

rom arasdros,

aRarasdros ar moxvidodi,

monatrebiT rom dagesaje.

nuTu axla Senc mogenatre

marTla, maSin gafrTxileba ver movaswari,

mindoda meTqva:

damsjelia TviTon dasjili

da sasjeli mudam ise ulmobelia,

rom tkivili sizmrad wanwals dagawyebinebs,

aTas ZilSi Segaxetebs, rom dagarwmunos:

Turme amqveynad aravisac ar enatrebi

da sinamdviles ki ara da,

sizmarsac ki veRaravis auyiraveb:

mkvdrebs _ miwaSi,

cocxlebs _ ZilSi

anu miwamde...

metamorfoza

rusudan kaiSaurs

Cemi megobari

leqsebad iqca da

sityvebi gaujiqdnen,

daumwardnen...

dedad iqca da

qmari meore qveyanaSi gaemgzavra,

miatova,

Svilebi daizardnen...

Cemi megobari gawvdil xelebad iqca,

samaTxovrod ki ara,

sxvaTa saSvelad,

Robeze Semodebul purad,

romelsac vkocnidiT bavSvobaSi

da asakenkad beRurebs vutovebdiT.

Cemi megobari

Tvalebad iqca

da mTeli samyaro SigniT moiqcia

wiaRiviT,

avoba ara,

evoba mounda.

modi, iqeci vaSlad, megobaro,

me xed viqcevi,

kenweroze gamogibam,

gulSi Cagixuteb da

Sens Tavs mosawyvetad aravis davanebeb.

umwifari mxare

Cemken moaqcie,

wiTeli mxriT ki

mzes ekekluce,

rogorc samoTxeSi...

poezia 5

saxaliso maTematika

SoTa iaTaSvils

xelfasamde ramdeni dRea

albaT 15,

me ki 10 lariRa damrCa,

1 coli da

2 Svili

_ Sesamosi,

gasaTbobi,

gamosakvebi...

vzivar da vfiqrob, aTi lari

TxuTmet dRes rogor gadavawvdino:

iqneb meyida ori Tevzi da xuTi puri,

magram 10 larad esec ukve aRar mogiva

gagiJebulad Tavbrudamxvev inflaciaSi...

arasodes ar mqonia

didi niWi maTematikis,

axla, miTufro, davibeni,

RmerTo, mixseni:

Sen ra xania, ra xania aq ar yofilxar:

2000-ze meti xnis win,

roca moxvedi,

sul sxva dro iyo:

maSin kaci

ras ar iyidda

30 vercxlad,

Tvidan Tvemde Tavs gaitandi

da gamaZRars SegrCeboda

iumoris droc da xalisic:

SexeT frinvelebs anda SexeT velis SroSanebs,

ar edardebaT, ra ecmebaT tanze xvalisTvis

da ras SeWamen xval, romelic jer ar damdgara,

dRes arseboben uzrunvelad, mSvidad da laRad

da Tqven raRad

gawrialebT dRe xvalindeli

eg uwyinari iumori guSindelia

da Tu guSin,

viT ulvaSebSi CaRimeba,

ise ismoda,

dRes ukidures sarkazmad iqca,

SenTvis ucxoze ucxo qirqilad,

Soltis zuzunad,

qancgawyvetili xarebiviT rom

xvalindeli imedisken migverekeba...

xval kanaSi qorwilia

da Tu uceb Rvino gaTavda,

rogor avuxsnaT RmerTs,

ra gviWirs,

me piradad aRarc maxsovs,

im dros ra erqva

inflacias,

yvela Cvengans rom SigniT gviTrevs

Savi xvreliviT...

dRes monetebze keisrebi aRar xatia,

firosmani da Svilis nukria gamosaxuli...

lili _ SroSani

mxolod ase gagacocxle,

sxva ver SevZeli

veraferi da

verc sityvam moicala

Tavis Tavis amosaTqmelad...

ise uxamsad SiSvelia

sinamdvile,

aRarc aRmagznebs...

xolo suli uxorcoa

da xels versad mouTaTuneb,

veraferze verafriT

ver Camoeyrdnobi...

haers fxoWnis erTicida lili

_ SroSani,

mzes uRimis,

rogorc iq,

im uflis ReleSi,

jer cxadi ar dawyebia

da sizmariviT

gamoucnobi

momavali uTrTis xelebSi...


6 proza literaturuli gazeTi 14 - 27 maisi 2010

dRes paraskevia da salome tradiciulad

CemTan rCeba. ramdenime saa-

Tis win Tornikes velaparake. miTxra,

rom kargad aris, mec vuTxari, rom

kargad var, Tumca realurad es ase ar

aris, Tornikesgan gansxvavebiT salome

Cems gverdzea da mxedavs, rogorc var.

mefereba, mawynarebs, rogorc Seu-

Zlia, rogorc icis, zedmetad emociurad

da es kidev ufro cudad mxdis.

vTxov, rom gaCumdes. salome Cumdeba,

Tumca gamomdinare iqidan, rom

salomes ukve sakmarisad vicnob, yovel

SemTxvevaSi msgavs wvrilmanebSi,

vici, rom misi dumili sul ramdenime

wuTs gagrZeldeba da amis Semdeg

salome kidev ufro emociurad daiwyebs

Cems dawynarebas, ris Semdegac

kidev ufro cudad gavxdebi, amitom

vcdilob mongreuli (Tu mojRanuli

SeiZleba erTdroulad orive) saxe

gavasworo da viTom davwynardis

mdgomareoba da kargad vxdebis procesi

gaviTamaSo. viwyeb saxis gasworebas.

es procesi Cemgan did Zalisxmevas

saWiroebs da mgoni araferi ar gamomdis

da piriqiT ufro vingrevi (Tu

vijRanebi SeiZleba erTdroulad

orive), salome matyobs da Cems dawynarebas

iwyebs, ra Tqma unda, kidev

ufro aqtiurad da gulmodgined. me

da salomes erTmaneTi rom gviyvardes,

ase ar iqneboda, misi TiToeuli sityva

ase mZimed ar imoqmedebda Cemze.

vdgebi, salomes Sublze vkocni, misi

Sublis siTbo msiamovnebs da meorejer

vkocni, Semdeg abazanaSi mivdivar.

salome mekiTxeba, sad mivdivar,

me mSvidad vpasuxob:

_ abazanaSi, _ Tumca gramatikulad

swori forma mgoni saabazanoa,

magram cxovrebaSi gramatika imdenadve

mniSvnelovania, ramdenadac misi

darRveva, radgan mTavari informaciis

gadacema da miRebaa. Tumca gramatikuli

wesebis dacvisas, Tavs ufro

higienurad grZnobs adamiani, ra Tqma

unda, is adamiani. vinc icis gramatikis

arseboba da misi elementaruli wesebi.

saabazanoSi Sesvlisas maxsendeba,

rom sadRac maqvs wakiTxuli leqsi sa-

TauriT `yofis gramatika~, magram

leqsis avtors ver vixseneb, aseTi

fiqrebi ki mTiSaven realobisgan, Tu

SeiZleba sizmriT gamowveul cud,

ufro sworad saSinel ganwyobas ase

ewodos, magram iseT adgilas da mdgomareobaSi

mabrunebebs, sadac dabruneba

aranairad ar msurs. CemTvis

Semodgoma yvelaze saSineli weliwadis

droa, foTolcvena, Camocvenili

foTlebis fexqveS xraSuni da msgavsis

garegnuli detalebi arafer Sua-

Sia, mizezi CemSia, Cems sizmrebSi, Semodgomaze

TiTqmis yvela sizmarSi

mkvdrebi mesizmrebian: mamaCemi, Cemi

megobrebi, bebiebi da mTeli Semodgoma

cudad var, rame axali biznesi unda

daviwyo, guls da tvins gadavayoleb

da cotas viZineb, iqneb meSvelos. saxeze

civ wyals visxam, Tan vfiqrob: ra

kavSirSia erTmaneTTan weliwadis

dro da Cemi sizmrebi, TavisTavad me

vercerTs ver vakontroleb, verc Semodgomis

dadgomas da verc Cem sizmrebs,

amboben, rom am ukanasknelis kontroli

SesaZlebelia, Tumca piradad

me jerjerobiT im dones mivaRwie, rom

sizmarSi vxvdebi, rom sizmarSi var,

magram amas CemTvis mxolod gamoRvi-

Zebis ramdenimewamiani Sveba moaqvs,

sxva araferi. kidev visxam saxeze civ

wyals, bolomde fxizeli minda viyo,

TavisTavad sizmrebSi moqmedebis

mxriv saSineli araferi ar xdeba, saqme

exeba mkvdrebis mier dasmul SekiTxvebs,

romlebzec me pasuxi ar maqvs,

xolo maT mzeraze vatyob, rom yvelaferi

ician, es albaT sizmarSi Cayolili

cocxlebis mier mkvdrebis

Sesaxeb gamoTqmuli erTerTi kliSea,

realurad arcerTma cocxalma ar

icis ra ician mkvdrebma: yvelaferi,

araferi, Tu codna maTTanac SefardebiTia.

sadmi ar maZlevs imis saSualebas, sakuTar

Tavisadmic aseTi mkacri viyo da

odesRac CemSi arsebuli susti principebi

gaxsenebisas ar gavazviado,

xolo maSindeli Cemi cxovrebis miznis,

gavmxdariyavi astronomi (mindoda

mekvlia varskvlavebi da saerTod

ca, aRmomeCina axali planetebi, romlebsac

Cemi mSoblebis, Cemi megobrebis

saxelebis darqmevas vupirebdi)

Seusrulebloba Cem cxovrebaSi yvelaze

did warumateblobad ar CavTvalo.

wamlis keTebac amitom daviwye,

caSi gasvla mindoda, magram miwisqveS

movxvdi; TandaTan, gauazreblad da

miuxvedrelad.

salomes samsaxurSi gavuare,

salome bankSi muSaobs, TviTon ambobs,

rom bavSvobaSi mxatvroba undoda, magram

am profesiis naklebadperspeqtiulobis

gamo iZulebuli iyo sabanko

saqme Seeswavla, salomes imedi aqvs,

rom wlebis Semdeg, rodesac misi cxovreba

kalapotSi Cadgeba, aucileblad

daubrundeba xatvas da TavisTvis daxatavs,

yovelgvari gamofenebis mowyobis

gareSe.

Tvalwin midgeba klimaqsiani salome

marjvena xelSi funjiT, cariel

tilosaa miSterebuli da pirveli

monasmis gakeTebas ver bedavs. sacodaobaa.

me da salome xandaxan Cven yofil

meuRleebs vixsenebT da am sityvaze

viciniT, axla vxvdebiT, rogori patarebi

viyaviT uRelSi Sesabmelad.

salomes yofili qmari amerikaSia. yavs

coli da sami Svili, gadamzidav manqanaze

muSaobs, Tako erTxel yavda

amerikaSi wayvanili, Takos amerika ar

moewona. xandaxan vfiqrob, rom es adamiani

Cemze bednieria, yavs ojaxi, aqvs

samsaxuri da Camoyalibebuli aqvs

cxovrebis mizani, me maqvs fuli, minda

kidev ufro bevri (am mojadoebuli

wridan me ver gamoval, Tu saswauli

ar moxda, saswauli Cemi gakotreba

da Cemis mxriv gakotrebis rogorc

madlis miRebaa, mxolod Cemi ZalebiT

amas ver SevZleb) da maqvs sakmarisze

meti eWvebi cxovrebis azrTan dakav-

SirebiT, xandaxan mgonia, rom yvela

asea da saqme gaubedaobasTan da urTierTndobis

ararsebobasTan gvaqvs,

magram mgoni es Zalian optimisturi,

(optimisturi igivea, rac araswori)

Sexedulebaa da, realurad adamianebis

umravlesoba mxolod xilul da xelSesaxeb

sagnebze fiqrobs.

Zalian bevrs vfiqrob araspecialobiT,

arasaqmiT, magram jer erTi, am

kompanias ukve ramdenime welia araoficialurad

saxelmwifo marTavs da

me mxolod procentul wils viReb, anu

me aravin arafers ar mekiTxeba, vgulisxmob

marTvis principebs, romelic

mogebis perspeqtividan gamomdinare

icvleba da meorec, cxovrebaze fiqri

viRaceebis profesia ar aris da mec

maqvs sruli ufleba vifiqro, vimsjelo,

sakuTar TavTan mainc, realurad

am verbaluri onanizmis mizezi isaa,

rom mSvidad ver var, raRac maklia,

mgoni siyvaruli. “raRac maklia, mgoni

siyvaruli” kargi saTauria bulvaruli

romanisTvis, bulvarul literaturaSi

namdvil, saWirboroto kiTxvebs

svamen, ubralod pasuxebia am kiTxvebze

zedmetad optimisturi (zedmetad

optimisturi igivea rac zedmetad

araswori) gamaxsenda ramdenime

bulvaruli romani, ise rogorc Sei-

Zleba gagaxsendes am Janris wigni; bundovnad

da yovelgvari emociis gareSe

isev gavutie, oRond realur problemaze

ar vifiqro da mzad var zepiri

recenzia davwero bulvarul literaturaze,

ocdasami wlidan ocdaSvid

wlamde imdeni vikiTxe, rom ramdenimejer

samoyvarulo recenziis

dawerac mominda, am droisTvis mama-

Cemi ukve wynarad iyo da piriqiT meubneoda,

rom Tavisufali dro wignebisTvis

dameTmo, radgan, misi azriT, me

bevri Tanamedrove biznesmenisgan gandaviT

qarTveliSvili

Semodgoma

(fragmenti romanidan `siyvaruli da msxali~)

li da axla mxolod gamoCenili adamianebis

memuarebs vkiTxulob, ase vikmayofileb

kiTxvis moTxovnilebas da

Tan literaturisgan distancias. rac

Seexeba Tanamedrove modur mwerlebs,

maT ZiriTadad filmebiT vecnobi, ise-

Ti gancda maqvs, rom isini zustad am

mizniT weren, rom maTi wignebis mixedviT

filmebi gadaiRon.

_ wavideT sadme _ vgrZnob rom

Zalian minda saxlidan gasvla, salomesTan

ase marto yofna Zalian miWirs,

magram sul marto darCena, kidev ufro

metad, mTeli cxovrebis manZilze

cudsa da uaress Soris virCev, albaT

aseT mdgomareobaSi var, an zogadad

sxva arCevani ar arsebobs.

_ cudad aRar xar _ mekiTxeba

salome.

_ ara, _ vpasuxob kategoriulad,

magram keTilganwyobiT, Tumca Sinaganad

cudad var da saxlSi yofna ar

minda. viwyeb restornebisa da barebis

CamoTvlas. salome meubneba, rom gavideT

da gzaze movifiqroT, Tavs vuqnev,

salomesTvis aseTi daugegmaoba

romantikaa, dagegmili romantika,

salomem icis, rom cud adgilas ar

movxvdebiT, ra Tqma unda avtokatastrofaSi

ar movyvebiT.

salome momzadebas naxevar saaTs

andomebs, TavisTavad yoveldRilidan

viyavi wamosuli, formalurad

ase iyo, magram fuls dedaCems varTmevdi,

romelic am ambavs TavisTavad

mamaCems eubneoda da gamodis, rom mama

Tanaxma iyo. ori wlis manZilze

vikeTebdi wamals, aqedan gamomdinare

urTierToba miwevda Zalian CaSvebul

(gonebrivadac da fizikuradac) adamianebTan,

Tumca maTgan raRaceebi

viswavle, ufrosworad maTTan urTierTobam

raRaceebi maswavla, es codna

SemdegSi, rogorc mama ambobda: “adamianur

cxorebaSi” dabrunebuls

Zalian gamomadga.magaliTad is, rom

adamianebSi yvelaze susti maTi principebia,

romelsac didi mondomebiT

areklameben erTmaneTTan, “me amas ar

gavakeTeb”, “me ese arasdros ar moviqcevi”,

da dRes, rodesac viRacaze

amboben, rom principuli adamiania da

masTan molaparakeba TiTqmis SeuZlebelia,

gulSi mecineba da vxvdebi, rom

am adamianma kargad da mizanmimarTulad

imuSava da Sedegs miaRwia. ra Tqma

unda, arseboben myrali xasiaTis adamianebi,

magram myrali xasiaTi principulobas

ar niSnavs. CemTvis principuli

adamianebis arsebobis dajereba

biznesSi gakotrebis tolfasia,

xolo cxovrebaSi kidev erTi zedmeti

kompleqsis gaCenis sawindari,

Tumca aseTi damokidebuleba sxvebi-

saZinebelSi vbrundebi. salome wevs

da wigns kiTxulobs, Cems danaxvaze

wigns debs da miRimis, mekiTxeba rogor

var. me vpasuxob;

_ kargad.

Semdeg wignze vuTiTeb da vekiTxebi

ras kiTxulobs wigns iRebs da miwvdis,

wigns varTmev, jer avtoris saxels

da gvars vkiTxulob, Semdeg sa-

Taurs da wigns salomes vubruneb.

_ ici _ mekiTxeba salome.

_ kino maqvs nanaxi.

_ kino ar varga, wigni normaluria,

_ mixsnis salome.

me vpirdebi, rom aucileblad wavikiTxav,

Tumca orivem viciT, rom

pirobas ar Sevasruleb, Cemi da

salomes literaturuli gemovneba

erTmaneTisgan sagrZnoblad gansxvavdeba,

salome mxolod ekranizebul

wignebs kiTxulobs, me Tavisdroze

rac wavikiTxe, imasac sakmarisad vTvurobaSi

es nervebs momiSlida, magram

kviraSi erTxel arauSavs, avitan, da

kidev erTxel vfiqrob: salome, rom

miyvardes, albaT piriqiT Zalian momewoneboda

misi galamazebis da SefuTvis

procesi.

manqanaSi salome Tavis megobrebTan

rekavs da ekiTxeba, ras Svebian, patiJebs,

eubneba, rom SemogvierTdnen,

magram sad konkretul adgils jerjerobiT

ver eubneba. minda, rom yvela

dapatiJebuli movides, iqneb xalxmravlobam

miSvelos, rac Seexeba adgils,

avarCevT, vipoviT. es problema ar

aris.

ra Tqma unda, advilia, yvelaferi

mamaCems davabralo, romelmac

Tvrameti wlidan am biznesSi Semtena,

ra Tqma unda, SemiZlia Tavi vimarTlo,

rom sxva mamikos saamayo Svilebisgan

gansxvavebiT, es ambavi gavaproteste

da ori wlis ganmavlobaSi sax-


14 - 27 maisi 2010

sxvavebiT pirveli Taobis biznesmeni

ar viyavi da is wiTeli, komunisti, magram

mainc kapitalisti iyo, aqedan

gamomdinare, valdebuli viyavi maTgan

gansxvavebiT xepre ar vyofiliyavi.

_ ai, Tornikes kidev vinc unda is

gamovides, _ ambobda mamaCemi da me

mxolod am dros vfiqrobdi imaze, rom

Tornike viRac unda gamosuliyo.

guSin bevri mkvdari erTad damesizmra,

viweqi sad an raze, ar vici, maxsovs,

rom viweqi. mkvdrebi Tavze

madgnen da erTdroulad melaparakebodnen,

mxolod maTi xmebi mesmoda,

ras meubnebodnen ver vxvdebodi, Semdeg

sxvadasxva cxovelebad daiwyes

rigrigobiT gadaqceva, mamaCemi

(romelsac sizmarSi ratomRac Cems

megobrad vTvlidi, xolo bebiaCems

dedis mxridan mamaCemad) aqlemad gadaiqca

da am dros (Tu arsebobs sizmarSi

dro) mivxvdi, rom sizmarSi

viyavi da gaviRviZe, SvebiT amovisunTqe,

Tavi wamovwie da Cems gverdze

mwoli salome davinaxe. gamaxsenda:

paraskevi iyo da salome CemTan darCa,

vecade uxmaurod wamovmdgariyavi, magram

salomem mainc gaiRviZa, sanam

gamofxizlebas da SekiTxvis an SekiTxvebis

dasmas moaxerxebda, saZineblidan

gavedi, Sevedi tualetSi, Sardisgan

davicale, ase kidev ufro amovisunTqe,

xelebi gadavibane da vigrZeni,

rom mSioda, samzareuloSi Sevedi,

salome samzareuloSi damxvda, albaT

es aris mistiuri qaluri intuicia,

xom SeiZleboda pirdapir saZinebel-

Si davbrunebuliyavi, magram salomem

gamoicno Cemi gadaadgilebis marSuti.

lurji xalaTi ecva, sigarets

eweoda da drodadro amTqnarebda,

macivari gamovaRe, salomem sigareti

Caaqro, miTxra, rom davmjdariyavi,

davjeqi, salome Tavad mivida macivarTan

da saWmelebis gamoReba da magidaze

dalageba daiwyo, Semdeg TefSi,

dana-Cangali da Wiqa momitana, axal

sigarets moukida da Cems pirdapir

dajda. Cemi dakvirvebiT qalebi ufro

fanatikuri mwevelebi arian, vidre kacebi

da saerTod qalebi ufro fanatikosebi

arian, vidre kacebi. erTerT

JurnalSi wakiTxuli statia gamaxsenda,

statia safrangeTis terorizmTan

mebrZol samsaxurs exeboda, maTi wesdebis

Tanaxmad qali teroristebis

ganadgureba adgilzeve unda moxdes,

radgan qali teroristebi gansaku-

TrebiT saxifaToebi arian, SesaZloa

es samagieroa im mravalsaukunovani

miTisTvis, romelic Tavad kacebma

qalebis siZliereze Seqmnes.

Wama daviwye. salome eweoda.

drodadro salomes vuyurebdi da

vgrZnobdi, rom ar miyvarda da es usiyvaruloba

cxovrebas gemos ukargavda.

_ ar miyvarxar, _ vuTxari salomes.

Tavi davxare da Cangali moxarSuli

Roris xorcis naWerSi CavarWe.

_ arc me, Cven asakSi siyvaruli ar

arsebobs, magram Zalian SegeCvie, _

miTxra salomem.

vigrZeni, rogori daZabuli iyo Sinaganad

salome, ramxela Zalisxmevis

Sedegi iyo am winadadebis gamarTva,

Semecoda, magram gaCumebas azri aRar

qonda.

_ me verc geCvevi, _ vTqvi da

Zalian daviZabe.

salome ukve tiroda.

_ maSin ra saWiro iyo saerTod am

urTierTobis dawyeba miTxar, ra saWiro

iyo.

_ ar vici, _ mxrebi aviCeCe, wamovdeqi

da gavimeore, _ ar vici.

samzareulodan gamovedi, salome

gamomyva. saZinebelSi SevediT.

_ mitrialdi, _ miTxra, ufro

sworad, mibrZana salomem.

_ ratom _ vkiTxe.

_ unda Cavicva, saxlSi mivdivar.

mivtrialdi da skolaSi kuTxeSi

dayenebuli bavSviviT vigrZeni Tavi, im

gansxvavebiT, rom laparakis ufleba

literaturuli gazeTi

mqonda.

_ SegiZlia dRes darCe, me sxva

oTaxSi daviZineb, _ SevTavaze

salomes.

_ didi madloba, ar aris saWiro.

tumbodan nivTebis aRebis xma mesmoda,

Tavi mivatriale, salome ukve

Cacmuli iyo, sarkesTan idga da sayureebs

ikeTebda. ra Tqma unda, amas gauazreblad

akeTebda.

_ imedia Tavs ar moiklav, _ vuTxari.

salomem gamomxeda:

_ Sen Seni Tavi vin ggonia, xval

aRarc memaxsovrebi, Se idioto.

xvalamde daviwyeba zedmeti mouvida

magram araferi ar miTqvams, CemTvis

mTavari ambavi ukve momxdari iyo,

salome midioda da Tavisuflad viwyebdi

sunTqvas, Tavisufleba Tavidan

rTulia, cota gamiWirdeba. ra Tqma

unda, yvelaferi dResve ar damTavrdeba

da salomesTan ramdenime axsnaganmartebiTi

Sexvedra kidev momiwevs,

am Sexvedrebis dros mTavaria, ar gavtyde

da ar Sevurigde.

salomem CanTa marjvena mxarze gadaikida

da wavida. ar gamicilebia,

gavige karis gajaxunebis xma, im wamsve

loginze davegde. konkretulad

araferze ar vfiqrobdi, qaosurad

albaT erTdroulad bevr rameze,

ufro gancdebSi viyavi.

Semdeg gamaxsenda, rom ukve didi,

zrdasruli adamiani viyavi da aseT

raRaceebs ar unda emoqmeda Cemze,

magram aman ver miSvela. mobiluri

telefoni gadamqonda xelidan xelSi,

mindoda damereka salomesTvis, mekiTxa

rogor aris, magram amave dros

vxvdebodi, rom araviTar SemTxvevaSi

ar unda damereka, am darekviT yvelafers

gavafuWebdi da Semdeg

paraskevs salome CemTan darCeboda.

mobiluri telefoni iatakze davagde,

aviRe, davxede, ekrani gatexili qonda,

kidev davagde sabolood gasafu-

Weblad, Semdeg baraTi amoviRe da baraTi

tumboze davde da davweqi, mokuntuli

viweqi. aTasi saSineleba warmovidgine,

rac SeiZleba damarToda

salomes, realuri da naklebadrealuri,

Teoriulad SesaZlebeli da

TiTqmis gamoricxuli, Tumca im

wuTebSi CemTvis yvelaferi mxolod

erT kategorias realurs miekuTvneboda.

gaTenebisas CameZina, meZina cota

da gaRviZebulma vigrZeni is, rac

wamlis gadagdebis pirvel dRes, oRondac

ufro msubuq formaSi; vigrZeni,

rom mivatove raRac Zalian cudi da

aucileblad misatovebeli, magram mis

gareSe kidev ufro cudad vgrZnobdi

Tavs, gacilebiT cudad.

gamocdilebiT vicodi,

rom es yvelaferi

gaivlida da

amovisunTqavdi, magram

codna tkivils

ver ayuCebs. mTeli dRe

viweqi; xan gverdebze,

xan gulze, xan gulaRma,

Tumc vgrZnobdi,

rom yvelaze metad

gaunZrevlad wola da

gaTiSva mWirdeboda.

ramdenimejer tualetSi

gavedi, magram es

Zalian avtomaturad

gavakeTe, megona, rom

viweqi da, Tan davdiodi.

Cemi es SegrZneba

arc gamkvirvebia da

miTumetes arc gasxivosnebulad

CamiTvlia

sakuTari Tavi. viweqi,

mxolod viweqi da samwuxarod

ver viTiSebodi.

yvelaze metad ukve

salomesTan momavali

axsna-ganmartebiT Sexvedrebi

maRelvebda.

ase rom, winsvla saxeze

iyo.

proza

7

im dReebSi ratomRac sul Cem yofil

colze vfiqrobdi. Cemi yofili

coli rom gavicani, saxlidan ramdenime

Tvis win viyavi wamosuli, wamlis

keTeba ukve dawyebuli mqonda da gadavwyvite,

rom sruli bednierebisTvis

Seyvarebuli (zustad ase

vfiqrobdi; Seyvarebuli da ara siyvaruli)

mWirdeboda, erTmaneTi Cemi

erTerTi megobris dis dabadebis

dReze gavicaniT, Cveni asakidan gamomdinare

bevri suleluri kiTxva davusviT

erTmaneTs da bevrjer uadgilod

da giJurad gavicineT, Semdeg daiwyo

seirnobebi. saxlSi colTan erTad

davbrundi.

dRes am yvelafers rom vixseneb,

mgonia, es ambebi sxvisi warsulia da me

maTTan aranairi kavSiri ar maqvs. ucnauria,

zogs imdenad siamovnebs saku-

Tari warsulis gaxseneba, oRond

raRac gaaxsenebine, oRond warsulSi

cxovreba acade, me ase ar var, saerTo

jamSi es albaT kargia, radgan

logikurad gamodis, rom Cems cxovrebaSi

raRac xdeba, Tu ar xdeba minda,

rom moxdes.

salomec Cemi yofili coliviT

iqneba, ara kidev ufro metad ucxo,

radgan masTan Svili ar myavs da ramdenime

Tvis Semdeg veRarc gavixseneb,

ratom vxvdebodi mas, kidev ramdenime

xnis Semdeg saerTod veRar gavixseneb,

rom vxvdebodi, urTierTobis faqts

ver uarvyof, magram detalebi aRar

memaxsovreba.

arc masTan, arc CemTan, erTmaneTs

neitralur teritoriaze, kafeSi

SevxvdiT.

axsna-ganmartebebis gareSe arc

daSoreba da arc dakavSireba ar gamodis,

am SemTxvevaSi saqme daSorebas exeboda.

davsxediT, Cveni saubari salomes

filosofiuri SekiTxviT daiwyo:

_ amixseni, ras niSnavs siyvaruli

_ ver agixsni, _ gamecina.

_ rogor, meubnebi, rom ar giyvarvar,

ese igi, ici ras niSnavs siyvaruli..

_ ara, vici ras niSnavs usiyvaruloba,

_ gavawyvetine salomes, _ usiyvarulobis

codna ar niSnavs siyvarulis

codnasac, ubralod vuSveb, rom

siyvaruli arsebobs.

_ da Seni daSvebis gamo ikideb realur

urTierTobas.

_ ara, ar vikideb, uars vambob, _

davazuste.

_ zrdilobiani metyvelebis

gakveTili gvaqvs! _ salomem ironiulad

gaiRima, _ mkidia zrdiloba, magari

yle xar. midi, midi, miTxari rasac

fiqrob.

_ getyvi. exla rom agyve, aranairad

ar mawyobs, raRaceebi rom giTxra,

gamova, rom axloblebi varT da

CemTvis egre ar aris. Sen Tu imisTvis

xar aq mosuli, rom aqedan erTad wavideT

SenTan an CemTan, winaswar getyvi,

rom eg ambavi ar gamova, piradad me imisTvis

Segxvdi, rom giTxra da agixsna,

rom Sen arafer SuaSi ar xar, kargi

adamiani xar, Zalian normalurad viweqi

SenTan, sxvaTaSoris, bevrTan ar

mqonia egeTi ram, ase rom, marTla seriozul

kompliments geubnebi, magram

ar miyvarxar, usiyvaruloba marto is

ki ar aris, qmari, an coli, an sayvareli

rom SegZuldeba, guli gereva da

ginda yovel xuT wuTSi saxeSi gacxo,

ara, eg siZulvilia, usiyvaruloba sxva

ramea, ai garegnulad rom normalurad

xar, magram Sinaganad simSvide

rom gaqvs dakarguli. ici, ras

vgrZnobdi SenTan, rom erTad arasdros

ar vyofilvarT, sul calcalke

varsebobdiT. mTeli am xnis ganmavlobaSi

martoebi viyaviT. vici, exla Sen

imdenad CemTan daSoreba ki ar genaneba,

ara, Sen dawyobil gegmebze giWirs

uaris Tqma, ara Cemze, mxolod gegmebze,

radgan Senc arasdros gyvarebivar,

_ gavCumdi, wyali movsvi.

salomesTan Sexvedris Semdeg ofis-

Si wavedi. davjeqi. kabinetSiRa vigrZeni,

rom salomesTan urTierToba ukve

warsuli iyo, rac ra Tqma unda ar

gamoricxavda imas, rom salomesTan

kidev momiwevda ramdenimejer Sexvedra,

magram ukve rogorc warsulTan,

”Sexvedra warsulTan” gamaxsenda Zveli

qarTuli filmis saTauri, Tumca

filmis Sinaarsi ver gavixsene. karg

xasiaTze viyavi da keTili saqmis gakeTeba

mominda, TanaSemwes gamovuZaxe,

vuTxari moeZebna Cvens TanamSromlebSi

yvelaze mravalSviliani da mis-

Tvis premia gamoewera 200 dolaris

odenobiT. saerTod, xanmokle da zomieri

qvelmoqmedeba mSvenieri gasar-

Tobia. qvelmoqmedebiT SesaZloa gaer-

To aqtiurad, anu piradad mixvide da

saCuqrebi da garkveuli Tanxis Ceki

gadasce daxmarebis obieqts, an obieqtebs,

qvelmoqmedebiT aseve SeiZleba

gaerTo pasiurad, anu darCe uxilavad

da daxmarebis obieqtis, an obieqtebis

TvalSi usxeulo. legendarul

arsebad darCe. orive SemTxveva-

Si qvelmoqmedeba mSvenieri gasarTobia.

Semdegi ori dRe aqtiur qvelmoqmedebas

davuTme, viyavi upatrono

bavSvTa saxlSi, avitane saTamaSoebi da

produqtebi, bavSvebs mivefere da wamovedi.

ukana gzaze davfiqrdi, ramdeni

keTili saqmis gakeTeba SemiZlia da

ar vakeTeb, saxlSi dabrunebuli ukve

Cemze gacilebiT mdidar adamianebze

vfiqrobdi, ramdeni kargi saqmis gakeTeba

SeuZliaT da ar akeTeben.

aRvadgine auzze siaruli da curva,

ZiriTadad zurgze vcuravdi, naklebad

viRlebodi da pirdapiri da

gadataniTi mniSvnelobiT Tavisuflad

vsunTqavdi, usiyvarulod, magram

Tavisuflad, am dReebSi siyvarulze

arc mifiqria, ar gamodis

erTdroulad Tavisuflad sunTqva da

siyvarulze fiqri.

CemTvis moulodnelad orive male

damTavrda. salomesTan daSorebac da

am daSorebiT gaCenili Tavisuflebac.

daviwye yoveldRiuri cxovreba.

orSabaTi, samSabaTi, oTxSabaTi, xuT-

SabaTi, paraskevi (monebis sayvareli

dRe), SabaTi da kvira dReebi ar aris,

SabaTi da kvira (saRamomde) droa,

saerTod ar mecodebian monebi, eamayebaT

ase rom cxovroben, goniaT, rom

esaa cxovroba, an erTmaneTTan ajereben

rom asea, ar undaT gaSifrva, rom

sinamdvileSi Seumdgari adamianebi

arian da mosawyeni cxovrebiT cxovroben,

realurad verc iazreben sad

arian da ra WirT da me aq minda siyvarulis

povna, aq, Cemi SexedulebiT

amaTze.

sxvagan sad veZebo


8 proza literaturuli gazeTi

dasawyisi # 9-25

karoCe, xo xedav, rogori dro iyo.

mobiluri ro ar ari, xo xedav, ra sxvanairia.

ras gixsni mec, ro ar gaxsovs,

rogori ponti iyo erTxel wamoveli

Zegvidan da matarebliT wamoveli

da afeTqda. matarebeli afeTqda,

cecxlebi gauSva da rogor pontSi

modioda, ici ai, fexburTSi ro

Senelebebia, ro gameorebebi, ai, egre

ro TamaSobden sinamdvileSi. ravalia.

Zegvidan modioda, karoCe, ras

modioda. ro movediT borjomSi vagzalze,

meTqi, saRol, romeli saaTia,

ise Semovida, ro kide cecxlebs uSvebda

gverdebidan. imito, ro egeTi dro

iyo, manqanebi ro ar iyo da wamoveli,

mobiluri ro mqonoda, vafSe ar wamovidodi,

prosto, gadavrekavdi, ro

dilaze cota Semagviandeba, erT

saqmeze dapirebuli viyavi, karoCe, da

vsio. da saqeifoT viyaviT im ZegvSi da

Tavidanve uTxari, meTqi, me unda gamiSvaT,

dilaze saqme maq da, karoCeo, iq

Zegvelebi vinc iyo imaT Tqves, rva saa-

Tianze Camoivliso da CagsvamTo,

prosto, rva saaTianze cxramde ar Camoivliso

da, mament, aTamdeco, pastaians

agvianebso da iasnia, ro agvianebda,

SevardnaZe agvianebda samsaxurSi

da matarebeli ar daagvianebda

karoCe, is droebia ra, Suqebi ro ar

ari. xoda, karoCe, mobiluri ro mqonoda,

xo davrCebodi da dilaze gamovyvebodiT

yvela erTaT rames. prosto,

Sepirebuli viyavi, erTma mTxova,

gamyevio da unda gavyolodi, axlobels

korSkis cexi qonda da mimyevio

da, karoCe, magra niudobnaT viyavi iq,

imito, ro ra gamovida, ro matarebels

elodebi da, mament, ar modis da dgaxar

da es xalxi, es Zegvelebi ra,

visTanac viyaviT saqeifoT, xo iasnia,

ro dagtoveben. Zegvis stanciaze xo ar

dagtoveben marto, ro davai elode.

Tan Zegvelebi arian, xo azze xar.

Zegvi, azze xar Tu ramea da egreve

srokze wavlen. prosto, CxubisTvis,

Tore rame gagebas ki ar awvebian. prosto,

Zegvelebi arian. ari xo ici egeTi

adgilebi, ro zadnistebi ar arian da

Cveni axloblis deidaSvilebi iyvnen

ra, Zegvelebi, da erTi kai amindebiao

da avideT ZegvSio da sami-oTxma kacma

waveliT da xo ici, ra ponti ari, Cven-

Tanac yofila egre Cven ezoebian saxlebSi,

ro visac yurZeni aqs cota meti,

an aryis qvabs dadgams, an ravi, roca

rTvelia, feCs gamoitans ezoSi, an mayals

da wavida mwvadebi da kai ponti

aris. prosto, eg ukve gazafxulze iyo

da rTveli da rame ki ara, prosto. Tan

exla Zveli dro ro iyoso, vinao to

prosto marTla uWirda xalxs sofel-

Si da vafSe yvelganac uWirda da samwvade

aviReT da wavediT, taqsim wagviyvana.

xoda, karoCe rogoria, ro me unda

wamovide da Zegvis sadgurSi matarebels

velodo. prosto, Tavidanve

uTxari, meTqi, egeTi pontia. karoCe,

ician, su egeTi pontebi maq, xoda ro

wamovediT, ro matarebels velodebodiT,

yvela wamovida. karoCeo, sanam

ar Cajdebio, davai Cvenc aq viqnebiTo,

da erTi masti iyo, vzrosli, garmoniT

da mReroda da isac wamovida da,

karoCe, raxanc kai amindi iyo, am Zegvis

peronzedac wavida sma, imito, ro wamoiRes

da marTla erTi saaaTi velodeT,

magari sibnele iyo da lampa qonda

stanciis kacis da meTqi, veunebodi,

semaforiT mogvinaTe. magraT iWers

garmoni bnelSi da egre garmongarmon

Semaciles matarebelSi. kai

aTi saaTi iqneboda, prosto, Sors ver

Semaciles, tamburs iqiT ki ver Sexvidodi,

su xalxi idga da matarebelic

ro Camodga, kaixans idga da kide ori

Wiqac movaswariT. prosto, gzaSi magra

davigruze. ramdeni xani modioda

TbilisSi da kide vagzalidan sanam

kide saxSi miveli.

egreTi dro iyo, umobiluroba iyo.

da pridaCu kide uSuqoba da ubenzinoba

da ravi, ra aRar iyo, karoCe, da

aka morCilaZe

legendaruli qemeras piradi

da sazogadoebrivi cxovreba

14 - 27 maisi 2010

magito vyvebi, ro eg kide ufro mere

iyo da me vambof, jaridan ro Camovedi,

iqamde aiRe erTi xuTi weli. maSin

ar iyo eg naTias ambavi,

xoda, biZaCemi dgas Cven balkonSi,

egre meliasaviT Cafiqrebuli da, aba,

fiqrobs, ra vqnao, ar unda umamaCemoT.

vafSe, egre cxovreba ra stranni ramea,

ro raRaca ponti roa da ro ici, ro

viRaca unda mogexmaros da imaze

brazdebi, rato droze ver vipoveo, an

vafSe TiTon imazec ro brazdebi, ro

sad ari, me egre mWirdebao da SeniT

ro miawve rato, vesi ara gaq iasnia,

meorenairaT ro Sexedo, qarTvelebi

varT, xo, Zma Tu ar wamogyva da Zmakaci,

aba, vin xar vafSe. mara, egrec xo

texavs, ro imaT imedze midiode da

imaTi trakiT. ai, ro ari xolme, ro

sanam Zmakaci ministria da fuls ro

Soulof da ro aRar ari da ro veRar

Soulof. mara eg niCivo, eg gasagebia.

prosto, Jizneni ambavSi Camokidebaze

vambof. me vafSe ar maxsovs, ro iseT

pontSi, imedi mqondes vinmesi, ro Cem

Tavze metaT. mazavikic magito gamovedi

albaT, Tore mazavikobaSi vis imedze

iqnebi Seni Wkuis imedze unda

iyo. xo egrea. da imdeni ki unda gqondes

cxovrebaSi raRaca, ro sadRacas ro

midixar saqmeze, Sen magivraT sxva ar

miiyvano salaparakoT.

karoCe, dgas da dgas, fiqrobs, sad

ipovnos.

karoCe, wavediTo, am Tavisianebs

uTxra da waviden, meTqi sad midixarT.

xo unda vicode, ojaxSi adis Tu

rogorsac ari. meTqi, me waval, movZebni,

ijeqi Sen aqa. eg ucbaT movifiqre.

meTqi, eg ro ipovis, pirdapir waiyvans

da ravi me, mere ra iqneba da ase, cota

sxvanairaT iqneba. arao.

meTqi, daje, daje, dedaCems veunebi,

mixede amaT, me waval, meTqi, biWebs

manqanas gamovarTmev. vifiqre, aman

gamomayolos Tavisi ZmakaciTqo, mere

vifiqre, Caval, birJaze, vinme manqaniT

iqneba Cvenebi da vataref, ara da

fuli maq da taqsiT waval. fuli mqonda

maSin oxraT, futbolebidan.

meTqi, Cem das veunebi, tuflebi momitane

da wavedi.

momitana tuflebi da es biZaCemi

iZaxis, ara, arao. meTqi, ra ara ara, Sen

moundebi mTeli Rame da me ucbaT vipovi.

marTla gagebaSi ar viyavi, sad

iyo, mara me meti xodebi vicodi, svaneTis

quCis boloze mamaCemis Zmakaci

cxovrobda. venaxa. venaxas eZaxoden.

rato eZaxoden, ar vici, rac me

im zamTars magis kubo vatare beWiT,

TovlebSi, su moyinuli viwro isini

iyo. magraT miyvarda. venaxa iyo moxeve.

prosto, venaxi qonda ezoSi, mTeli

ezo venaxi qonda. da magito albaT

eZaxoden venaxas. veraferi moifiqres.

su boloSi cxovrobda, exla magis

Svilebi cxovroben. xoda, meTqi, sanam

aqedan da venaxasTan Cavla. da Caveli

da saxSi iyo da meTqi, simona Zia, mama-

Cemi ar ici, sad ari

mamaCems magra evaseboda venaxa da

pastaiani imasTan Cavidoda xolme, Tu

saxSi iyo da meuneba venaxa, ro mamaSenmao,

naSuadRevs Semoiarao da meuneboda,

Caicvi, puri vWamoTo, ori manqana

xalxi iyoo da, aba, me ar gavyevio,

vera var janzeo. meTqi, sad arian, xo

ar ici. da magari kaci iyo es venaxa.

biWoo, mamaSeni ro metyvis, puri vWamoTo,

znaCit, daleva undao. ro prosto

saWmeli iyoso, metyodao, wamo, mwvadi

vWamoTo, magas galubois mwvadi

uyvarso, ro miTxras, xinkali vWamo-

To, maSin SindisSi iqnebao da prosto

puri vWamoTo ro ityviso, znaCit xo

xvdebi, sacas iqnebao. saqeifoT ariano.

xinkals kide, me magas mainc ar vendobio,

moxeve kaci varo, Tu xinkali

unda, maita, aq movaxvioT da Cavyaro-

To. raWvelebmac iswavles kai xinklis

moxvevao, maraoo, sad saxlisao da sad

moxevisao da sad egao. egeTebs miawva.

me magisi dro ki aRar mqonda da bevri

aRarc mifiqria, davjeqi taqsze da

birJaze arc Camivlia da pirdapir

gavaweqi.

miveli, Seveli, xalxi ari, savsea.

bevri xalxi ari. xoda, eseni SigniT

kupeebSi zian, an ukan. ukana sxamda

xolme. xoda, egec mitydeba exla, ro

kupeebi saTiTaod ro gavaRo, da

pirdapir ukanisken waveli da es meduqne

meZaxis, saiT genacvaleo da meTqi,

kacs veZeb, ra. da sworeT ici, sadac

eZebo karoCe, moyuCebulSi yavs eseni.

vina xaro. meTqi, Svili var da mama-

Cemis saxeli uTxari. meTqi, dauZaxe,

ra. ar Sexvalo meTqi, ara. egre

mirCevnia, kide iq unda madRegZelon

da dro midis, CemTvis vfiqrof.

Sevida, gamovida, gamova exlao, Wiqa

uWiravso.

exla me miyure. mamaCemTan xo strogiSi

var isedac da exla vafSe. mama-

Cemi ukve ro daleulia aq, vafSe

CemTvis eg ari verxi, ro nevrozebi da

ambavi. exla magas auxsni naTias, ro

magisi gulisTvis ras vCaliCof xoda,

gamovedi duqans gareT da amoviRe sigareti

da vewevi da gadavagde egreve,

meTqi gamova kide gamitrakebs. eg

sworaT vqeni, marTla ar evaseba, ro

vewevi.

rato ar evasebaT xolme, ver vigef.

TiTon xo ewevian. mec ar damevaseba,

mixeila ro davinaxo sigaretiT, ro

gaizdeba.

xoda, gamovida da, ra ario, bebiaSeni

mokvdao daleuli aq karoCe. da

bebiaSeni mokvdao is ar ukvirs, me ro

movageni, icis, ra mamaCemis Svili var,

xodebi vici da eg evaseba SigniT, gul-

Si, mara paxodu eapasneba.

ara, meTqi, biZaCemi movida. vin bi-

ZaSenio. meTqi, Seni Zma, romeli Cemi

Zmao da meTqi, amirana da uyuref, ar

evasa.

ra iyo, ra moxdao.

meTqi, naTia gaipara.

rogorc kedlisTvis giTqvia. aba,

Cemi da gaparuliyo.

mara viderSka imazec eqneboda.

mamaCems qonda egeTi rameebi.

mereo.

mere geZebsTqo, imaT ojaxSi unda

asvla da uSenoT ar undaTqo, unda

uTxras, ro ar undao da wamoyvana undao,

prosto ar icis, sad ariTqo.

mere me ra unda vqnao.

imaT ojaxSi unda, ro ayveTqo.

exlao

xo. CvenTan ari meTqi, xalxi axlavs,

balkonSi zis. modioda saZebrad da me

wamovediTqo.

amoiRo sigareti da Semo, erTi,

Semoo.

gamikvirda. mxarze momado xeli,

wamoo da SeveliT.

Seveli. erTi aTi kaci zis. ori rusia.

es rusebi erTi paxania naRdaT,

TiTebze nakolkebi aq. meorec cota

axalgazda. isini arays svamen, eseni

Rvinos da ro daminaxes mamaCemis Zmakacebma,

vao, biWi mosulao, amas qemeras

eZaxian ubanSio, yvela icnobso da xo

ici, rogorc ari. damsves da madReg-

Zeleben, mamaCemic damijda gverZe.

ro madRegZeles da madloba vTqvi

da cota ro Tavis saqmes mixedes, mama-

Cemi meuneba, eso ario miSa primorskio,

am vzrosli rusze meuneba. eg ro bur-

Si yavdaT xolmeo, sityvas CemTan abarebdao

da exla Camosuliao da exla

es kaci mivatovo da naTias iqamde miuswro,

sanam gaxeTqaven, verc gamova

da arc moeswrebao.

egeTi laparaki icoda kacurSi,

CaTlaxuri, Tan mTvrali da Tan am

russ euneba, moi sin priSolo, Zelce

malenkoe v domeo. magari rusuli icoda

mamaCemma, televizoris rusuls

vafSe ar gavda, sul ver gaigebdi, ras

laparakobda. blatnoi ra. fenia qvia.

naswavli qonda, Tore manamde ra rusuli

unda codnoda. da es rusi icinis,

aZin spraviSiao ili podmogu kinuwo.

da icinian.

mamaCemma, ise gamovida, ro moubodiSasaviT,

ro amasTan Seileba salaparako

mqondes da yuradReba ver

mogaqcioo. azze var magaTi bazaris.

xoda, ravi meTqi, Sen ici.

egre rogor Tqva naTiaze.

me xo gulSi vici, ro rac meti xani

mamaCemi gaajanjlebs, miT me mawyobs.

karoCeo, vin ario.

vin meTqi.

vin da biWio.

me mxrebs viCeCav.

da Semomxeda egre, rogorc mgeli

televizorSi. aba, namdvili mgeli me

sad minaxia. biZaCemi xo meliasaviT

idga balkonSi. melia minaxia. sofel-

Si.

xoda, is meliasaviT idga, es iyureboda

mgeliviT. da me kide ro giTxra,

magaT Soris gansxvavebac eg iyo, ro

mamaCemi egeTi iyo da is iseTi, mara is

paxodu myrali iyo. orive myralebi

iyvnen bazarSi. oRond amas stoika qonda

da imas kide _ ara.

xoda, egre ro Semomxeda, mamaCemi

biZaCemi ki ar ari. karoCe, Tu atyuef,

icis. an vafSe ar eunebi, an ar atyuef.

imas Tavidanve pastanovka egeTi qonda

Tavis tvinSi, ro me magra azze var

naTias ambebis da magis saqmrosac vicnof.

meTqi, ari ra, wesieri biWia. magra

pativs cems naTias da naTiasac magra

uyvars.

gamomxeda erTi da qalebis deda

movtyano.

ra unda uTxra.

es patara gogoebi rogor iZaxian,

ro miyvarso, magaTi deda movtyano.

sufrazec ki gaigones.

vicini suleliviT.

erTi minda uTxra, Sen ra ici, siyvaruli

ra ari. prosto xalxia. Tan

paxodu, mec xo ar vici. me xo, ra strannia,

aravin ar Semyvarebia da mec ar

vici, prosto, me momwons, ro uyvarT.


14 - 27 maisi 2010

magra mevaseba da maSinac mevaseboda,

amaT kide raebi aqT TavSi, me ver vigef,

raRaca borotobebi. me xo vici, magaT

goniaT, ro gogos Tu uyvars, znaCit

prosto veRar wynardeba da kaci unda.

magas egeTi Sexeduloba qonda, ro Tu

gamoavlens gogo siyvaruls, znaCit

magari uzdelobaa. dalocvilo, baiTebi

gagqonda da ravi da Serbodi da

darbodi da magaze uaresia gogos ro

vinme Seuyvardes da kide ravi, me ravi,

ras Svebodi pa Jizni, erTxel axlobelis

mama momiyva. karoCe, ra mniSvneloba

aq, ra momiyva. kaSmars momiyva

da egeTi tipebi awvebian, ro wesieraT

da rame.

mara me Cemi ambavi mqonda, rac undoda,

is elaparaka. meTqi, ra uTxra.

anu, iseTi miWiravs, ro ar modixar.

ravio, ra unda uTxrao, damelodoso.

xo xedav. stumrebi gvyavso. meTqi, eg

ki dagelodeba albaT, mara saqme ar

moicdis. da erTi kide gamomxeda im

mgeliviT, telvizoridan ro iyureba

xolme.

biWoo, Sen wadi da uTxario, ro

damelodoso, exla prosto ver avdgebio.

an vafSe, uTxari, aq gamovideso da

davilaparakebTo da ravio. ra unda

karoCeo, ro ojaxSi avyveo meTqi xo.

da mere ro im ojaxSi magan iaros, Tavis

SviliSvilebs eferos da me kide vZuldeo

vin arian isini CemTvis, rato

unda avide da vibazro iq, rac magas

undao. xo iasnia, ro siroba undao.

sirobas ar ambobda, mag sityvas, ufro

halalaT ambobda.

ra undao, karoCeo.

meTqi, ravi ra unda, dabruneba

unda.

yvelas unda dabrunebao, me egre

vicio, mara rato undaT, ver gaigefo.

vin ario, inglisis dedofalia naTiao

da safrangeTis mefes unda gaayoloso

ra unda, Tu wesieri biWiao.

meTqi, me ravi, ra unda, xo ici,

rogoric ari. xoda, ari da iyoso, uTxari,

aqeT amovidneno. xaraSo, vetyvi

meTqi. mikiTxoso da gamovalo.

xaraSo meTqi da is iyo wamodgomas

vapiref, maica, ijeqio.

vzivar.

sadRegZelo iTqva.

me kide magra mawyobs. rac mets

vijdebi, isini miT mets damelodebian.

egre ar jobia

naTias ro kiTxo exla, aba, Tu gaixsenebs

mageebs.

vzivar, eseni sadRegZelos amboben.

meTqi kaia, vijdebi kide mets da es meuneba,

karoCeo, moixeda da sad arian,

miTxario.

mamaCemia ra, xo xvdebi, im pontSi ki

ara, ro mamaSens unda gamoutyde, im

pontSi, ro egeTi roJaa ra, imdeni ki

ar xvdeba, ra da rogor, prosto, icis.

pastanovkebi icis da raRacaSi dami-

Wira da mixvda, ro vici da egeTi tipi

kide raRacaSi ro dagiWers, mogawveba

bolomde. tyuils etyvi, mere imaze

mogawveba da gawveba da gawveba da

aRar Tavdeba, karoCe.

me ro mivedi is ieWva.

midi exla da amas uxseni, an vafSe

gaq xalisi, ro magas ebazro xo ara

gaq, iasnia, mara raRacas SejibrebasaviT

pontia da ukve vafSe sxvagana xar.

prosto, mec magis Svili var da mec

mere eg Sejibreba miCdeba, isedac

miCdeba, mara magas ro vebazrebodi

adre xo, vafSemc.

xoda, mag dros yvelaze verni pasuxi

ra ari, ro gace ro arc moatyuo

da ro arc uTxra ki movatyuef, mara

mere sxvanairaT motrialdeba. egre

qonda saqme dayenebuli.

xoda, meTqi, upasuxe:

ra ari, ro

cota Zerskuli pasuxia, umcrosisgan

ufrosze, mara karoCe, au, da ravi

da mageebs jobia.

da ar evasa, es ra ari ro.

uyurebs, exla xo ar momawveba, ro

Causvi.

arc araferio. Sen icio.

da vzivarT.

meTqi, wavide, ar wavide.

exla kide xo ar vkiTxav, wavideTqo

karoCe, rogori biWiao.

meTqi, patiosani, xo giTxari da

wesieri biWia da uyvars da amasac uyvars.

wayva ra, veunebi. gaiparen biZa-

Cemis gamo.

aq gamovideso, miTxra.

avdeqi, imaT bodiSi uTxari da gamovedi,

taqsi ar miCqaria, amovedi fexiT

da mere WiWiko daviWire. maSin Wi-

Wikooba iyo.

wamovedi saxSi. movedi. eseni isev

zian balkonSi.

ra xdeba meTqi axali.

da ravi, ra unda xdebodeso. gogoebma

saxSi naTias werili miitanes,

Cemi nebiT gavyevio. eg etyoba windawin

qonda dawerili da gogoebisTvis

micemuli. gogoebi kide iZaxian, ar

viciT, sad ario. es werili viRacam

moitana biWmao erTis saxSio, ar vicnobT

im biWso.

karoCe, Cveulebrivi gaparvis bazaria.

ra qeni Seno, biZaCemma, mival, gadavwvav

imaTo.

me uTxari, mamaCemi Tu migyavs da ver

gadawvav da midi, gadi, gelodeba

iqaTqo, uTxari.

prosto sufraa da stumrebi yavs,

Camosulebi da ver gamodisTqo.

gaaqnia Tavi, ar moewona, iq midi.

egona, mamaCemi wamomyveboda da egeTi

rameebi. mikvirs xolme. Zma ar iyo magisi

ver mixvda, ro ar wamomyveboda

adamianebs aqT xolme egre, ro raRacas

elodebian, rac varianti ar ari,

ro moxdes. mec mqonia xolme egre, mere

gadaveCvie. karoCeo, wavalTo.

dajden da waviden.

dedaCemis ambavi kide xo ici, vaime,

ra moxdebao, rame ar moxdeso, ar

moklas vinmeo. vin unda moklas meTqi,

dedi, aman amas ar icnob, es magaria

kuxnidan lojamde, iqa yavs terorSi

xalxi. Cem das gaexarda, fxukunobs da

fxukunob.

Sen raRa gacinebs meTqi. Tan Cemsas

vfiqrob, meTqi, aba, ra moxdeba.

dedaCemma kide, ara kacoo, aman ki

ara, mamaSenmao.

amaze sul gamecina. iman vinRa unda

moklas meTqi, naTias gulisTvis kacs

moklavs da viSkaze wava amdeni welia

erTaT xarT, veRar iswavle eg kaci Cem

das kide veunebi, midi magis daqalebs

daureke Tu ici vinmes nomeri da damalaparake

me.

xo vicodi, ro arafers ar ityvian

daqalebi. egeT pontSi arasdros

arafers ar amboben xolme, Tu vzrosli

ar daawva. mara mainc meTqi, gakontroldes.

ra ici. arc maxsovda magisi

daqalebis saxelebi da damiwyo Cem dam

moyola da axsna, romeli romelia. es

ari vlaparakobT da am dros gavixede,

dedaCemi gadis ezoSi da meTqi, vin movida

da movida viRac kacebi, erTi Cveni

ubneli da Cavedi mec. vicani, biZa

kaci iyo, maRliT cxovrobden, magis

gogosac vicnobdi da karoCe vicnobdi

ra. da is oric axlavs da esenio Cemi

megobari xalxiao, da karoCe, mamaCemis

naxva undaT.

ar ario, dedaCemma. aba, wavidnen da

vin icis rodis movleno, magisi Zmac

eZebda, amosuli iyoo. swores euneba.

exla mTel ambavs xo ar mouyveba da

xoda eseni Cafiqrden.

Zaan gvindoda imis naxvao.

meTqi, raRacas mivxvdi da Cven xo

ver dagexmarebiT da im oridan erTma

mkiTxa, Sen Svili xar, Sviloo iseTi

kaci iyo, Tbili kacebi ro arian. da

meTqi, diax. da meo nugzaris mama varo.

nugzara is ari ra, naTias biWi. is

literaturuli gazeTi

iyo nugzara, me ro velaparake da meTqi,

gamarjobaT da dedaCems vuyuref,

exla meTqi, ra vTqva, ai, im pontSi, ro

meTqi, dedaCemia, da rac saWiroa is

unda vTqva da meTqi, vicnof, Zalian

sasiamovnoa. kai axloblebi varT. da

dedaCemma ise SeSinebulma gadmomxeda.

xodao, nugzarma coli SeirToo,

dagvirekeso da, Svilo, ar ari kargi

mdgomareobao Tqveni naTesaobis mxridano

da mamaSeni unda vnaxoT aucileblado.

magra dalagebulaT da wesieraT

laparakobda, arc nerviuloba,

arc araferi. meTqi, mamaCemi da deda-

Cemis ambavi xo ici, ra jigaria deda-

Cemi da rogor ucbaT aiRo Tavis Tavze

da mobZandiTo, rao da isini uaroben.

ara, arao. mobZandiTo.

iman ra moifiqra, me ar vici, magra

ki gamouvida. arc araferi moifiqra,

prosto, raRaca ifiqra im wuTSi da

egeba mTlad Wkvianuric ar iyo, mara

jigruli iyo da imaT arao da sad naxavT

exla imas, a, biWi wava da moZebniso,

aman icis imis asaval-dasavalebio da

SemoipatiJa da imaTac miayenes manqana

da Semoviden.

kai kaci iyo is nugzaras mama. merec

gamoCda da vafSe mevaseboda imasTan

Tu movxvdebodi purisWama. sofelSi

qonda magraT gakeTebuli. kaxeli iyo

isic. imas eg ar gauWirdeboda. iolebi

arian kaxelebi, Cven kide, aba, ha,

sul javri da boRma.

amoviden da exla ki ar vici, ra vqna.

isev mamaCemTan wavide, Tu isini wasulebi

arian ukve amaTTan da es kaci

kide CvenTan ari wamosuli, nacnoboba

gamouZebnia da magra ise ilaparaka.

Sviloo, me ki ar vicnobo Cem sar-

Zloso, TvaliTac ar daminaxiao, mara

Cem biWs vicnofo da imisi imedi maqo.

exla arc is minda, ro gamomivides, rom

viTom saxvewari gamixdeso da arc is

minda, ro Cem biWs guli etkinoso da

imaze metis warmodgenac ar mindao,

imito, ro imas iqiT, xo ici, yvela Cvenians

davicavTo, Svilia, Sviloo. dedaCemi

usmenda, lamis crmelebi moadga.

ucbaT gadavida imaT mxareze.

movkvdiT me da Cemi da siciliT, aqeT

gamovediT da vicinodiT.

dedaCemi meuneba, wadi, moZebne mamaSenio.

eg kide ukve aRar vici, rogor

vqna.

meTqi, wamosulebi ro iyvnen an ravi,

kide Sedi iqa exla.

da am kacs veunebi, meTqi, biZaCemi

iyo mosuli da isac mamaCems eZebdaTqo.

da vin icis, egeb TqvenTanac

wamovidenTqo.

me mainc waval, Tu gindaTTqo.

es laparakebia da kide manqanis xma

gavigoneT, rogorc dabarebuliviT.

gaegeba dedaCemi da mamaCemi mosuliyo,

balkonidan vxedav, taqsis

acdevinebs. arc biZaCemi, arc vinme.

Semovida WiSkarSi kai gabrazebuli,

ukve gorlazea, ra. dedaCems raRaca

uTxra da gamoagZela gza, amodis

kibeebze.

eseni wamoiSalen, veunebi, aha, movidaTqo.

amovida balkonSi da meTqi, mami,

siZis mxarea da am Cven ubnel biZas

CamoarTva xeli da iman egreve dauwyo

laparaki da acnobs: esac Cemi axlo

xalxiao, am mamaze da meoreze euneba.

da ar gvinda Sari da araferio da uyvarT

erTmaneTio.

mamaCemma, vici, ro uyvarTo da momitrialda

ucbaT da gaixeda ezosken

da mTel xmaze ambobs, me ki vici, ro

uyvarT, mara im pirqvemotynuls ra

uyoo.

es xalxic uyurebs.

karoCeo, mamaCemi euneba, ar gicnobT,

mara pativsa gcemTo, Soridan

gicnobTo. Cemi Zma Tqvensa wamovida da

me imis sityvaze atviCai vera var, Svilia

bolobolo da gogoao.

proza

gagrZeleba Semdeg nomerSi

9

miuxvden isinic. da wavalTo, ra,

bodiSio.

da maica, sad waxvalTo, mamaCemma

maicao, da dedaCems eZaxis, gamoitane

Rvinoo, maicaT, ojaxSi pirvelaT xar-

To.

me xo vici, gadaria biZaCemma da

exla imis nazlo iqceva.

ara, arao, ukeTes droso, RmerTma

qnaso, lxinSio, isini iZaxian.

maica kacoo, raxan CemTan moxveli-

To, mamaCemma, ese igi, iciT, vinca

varo.

kaio, imaT. xoda, dedaCemma gaSla

daiwyo. CvenTan xo egre ar ari, ro

prosto Rvino da rame, mTeli TefSebi

da ambavi da mamaCemma, nu geSianiTo,

bevrs ar gagaCerebTo, vici, ro ra ambaviao,

age, mec saqmidan varo, taqsi

melodebao da mec meuneba, ras dadeqio,

Rvino amoitaneo.

Cavedi da erTi grafinka Camovasxi

da egreve, midi, midi daasxio Cqarao.

davasxi da uyurebs am kacs, mamamiss,

daglocav, Cemo axlobelo da naTesavo

kacoo, RmerTmao, gaisamdros Sen

SviliSvilTan erTaT mogiyvanos am

ojaxSio da vicinodeT am ambavzeo. me

Tu rame gamegeba bavSebiso, eg naTia kai

gogoa, yvelaze kai Cven gvarSio, Cveno,

age, boRmebi varTo, anda CaCumebulebi

age emasaviTo, Cem daze aCvena da eg

ari xalisianio da namdvilio. amaT

goniaT, me didi srokebi mqonda da

ojaxis ar vicio. yvelaferi vicio.

karoCe, gaumarjoTo da miuWaxuna da

sanam dalevs, iman uTxra, RmerTma mosalocaT

momces saqmeo, Sen sityvasac

vendobio da Seni naTqvamic mixariao,

prostoo, aba, ar vici, rogor iqneba

saqmeo, rogorc Sen ambofo da ravi,

sul ro gulistkena dagvrCeso, mainc

SevxvdebiT da Wiqas avwevT me da Senao.

isic iseTi biZa iyo.

mamaCemma kide mousmina, manamde ar

dalia da meo erTi rame vicio, sityvis

Tqmao. raxan vTqvio, egre iqnebao.

dalies da gadakocnes erTmaneTi

da gaistumra.

vdgevarT yvela balkonze da amobrunda

mamaCemi da burtyunobs, ux,

naTia, naTia, Sen mogityano da dajda.

taqsi CarTuli soCikiT elodeba.

rao, dedaCemma.

raoda, gadavwvavo da wavida imaT

sagineblaTo da vipovi amaRamve da

davabrunefo. me raRas meZebda eg

utvinoo, magas egona mageebSi wavyvebodio

dedaCems SeeSinda.

nu geSinia, qaloo, ra unda qnas,

didi didi am kacs guli atkinoso.

meTqi, egre ar ari. ra ici, ro auvarden,

sadacas arian, iq ra moxdeba.

gamoixeda da Sen Tu ici, me rato

movedi saxSio.

meTqi, ravi.

karoCeo, exla wadi, gaigeo, sad

ariano da wadi iqao da wamoiyvane da

miiyvane biWTan saxSio da mere ixtunaos

magano.

Tavis Zmaze ambobs, biZaCemze. ar

vici, ra uTxra biZaCemma.

da egre rato gamxecda.

mere mivxvdi, ro Cadioda kibeze,

Cemi Svilebi ro magis saxsenebeli

gaxdebao, Tu raRaca eseTi Tqva.

me mivxvdi, iman rac uTxra. Cem daze

uTxra, Senic egre izams da naxavo. da

aman ro warmoidgina, daigruza.

midi, midi, egre qenio, damiZaxa da

xma ar gavigo Tqveni da enis laqlaqebio,

ar uTxraT vinmes rame, Tore

dagxocavT suyvelaso.

motrialda, Caiyo jibeSi xeli da

dado kibeze fuli, aRarc amobrunda.

wavida, Cajda taqsSi da wavida saqeifoT.

orasi maneTi iyo, karoCe, imoZraveo.


10 mogoneba literaturuli gazeTi 14 - 27 maisi 2010

nodar tabiZe

Tanamecxedre da megobari

...1973 wlis 17 seqtemberi. mirekavs

marika CxartiSvili – niWieri Jurnalisti

da enaTmecnieri (erTad vswavlobdiT

aspiranturaSi).

_ nodar, ici vin gavicani bicolaSeni

– olga dariusi.

_ sad rodis

_ radiodan damavales, sabWoTa

kavSiris Seqmnis ormocdaaT wels vzeimobT

da kargi iqneba, sxvadasxva respublikis

warmomadgenelTa portretebi

Segveqmnao. mec gavisarje da

mivakvlie am estonel qalbatons, friad

originalur pirovnebas.

avReldi. olga dariusisa da galaktionis

urTierTobis Sesaxeb sakmao

cnobebi mqonda, magram, Cemda samwuxarod,

is ki ar vicodi, Tu am bolo

xanebSi TbilisSi cxovrobda.

ki ar Sevexvewe, TiTqmis davavale

marikas, saswrafod dakavSireboda

qalbaton olgas da gadaeca Cemi Txovna

audienciis Sesaxeb.

ori dRis Semdeg marika meubneba:

_ Zalze gaixara, roca Seni ganzraxva

Sevatyobine. aucileblad movides,

suliT da guliT velio.

da ai, 1973 wlis 23 seqtemberi.

kari Tavad gamiRo.

_ mobrZandiT, geTayva, mobrZandiT!

_ gulwrfeli RimiliT Semipati-

Ja. makvirdeba.

_ Zlier gavxarT mamaTqvens. abesalomi

zRapruli pirovneba iyo, san-

TeliviT kaci.

vigrZeni galaktionis gavlena. mamaCemi

prokled ki ara, abesalomad moixsenia.

qalbatoni olga vaJa-fSavelas

prospeqtze cxovrobs, 27-Si. is vano

sarajiSvilis meuRlis kompanionia.

ukaviaT ori oTaxi. vanos meuRle qiqoZea.

olgas pirveli qmaric qiqoZe

gaxldaT, cnobili mxatvari.

qalbatoni olgas oTaxSi yurad-

Rebas ipyrobs wignebiT savse didi Taroebi.

iqve momcro karadaSi antikvaruli

nivTebi SevniSne. kedlebze suraTebia.

erTze bratislavas lamazi

xedi Cans. TiTqmis carieli saweri magida.

moCuqurTmebuli CarCodan

galaktioni Semomcqeris...

oTaxSi vano sarajiSvilis meuRle

Semodis. mesalmeba da megobars xmama-

Rla eubneba:

_ am axalgazrda kacs aucileblad

sasmeliT unda gavumapinZldeT.

patara magidaze saswrafod Cndeba

torti, yava, tkbili sasmeli.

_ es torti me gamovacxve Tqvens

sapativcemulod. aba, davagemovnoT.

yavas vatkbob. saubari grZeldeba.

_ sadoqtoro disertacias rodis

icavT – mekiTxeba qalbatoni olga.

Cans, Cems Sesaxeb sakmao informacia

aqvs. interesdeba Cemi Zmis bediT. igonebs

mis erT faTerakian Tavgadasavals

a.S.

ucxoobis yinuli galRva. qalbatoni

olga kargi mTxrobeli aRmoCnda.

Cven rusulad vmetyvelebT.

_ galaktioni SemTxveviT gavicani.

erT ojaxSi gvianobamde Sevr-

CiT, qaRalds vTamaSobdiT. diasaxliss

gamaspinZleba daaviwyda da ai, gvian

nacnob veqilTan – romeo TalakvaZgalaktionis

cxovreba da moRvaweoba urigod rodia Seswavlili, magram

saZiebel-gasaanalizebeli kvlavac bevria.

geniosis yoveli nabiji gaazreba-axsnas moiTxovs. metic: ar SeiZleba

gulgrilni davrCeT Tundac saxeldaxelod SeTxzuli strofisadmi, papirosis

kolofze Camowerili riTmebisa Tu iCqiTad gatyorcnili kalamburisadmi.

cxadia, miT ufro ar gvepatieba galaktionis uaxlesi adamianebis Crdil-

Si datoveba.

me erT-erTi pirveli gavisarje olga iuris asul dariusis `reabilitaciisaTvis~,

galaktionologiaSi misi rolis garkvevisaTvis. viswrafvi, es

xazi gavagrZelo da vrceli gamokvleva mivuZRvna am niWier qalbatons,

romelic oTx welze meti poetis gverdiT idga da TvalsaCino wvlilic Seitana

mis cxovreba-moRvaweobaSi. igi ara mxolod meuRle gaxldaT, aramed

mrCeveli, literaturuli konsultanti, mTargmneli. galaktioni TiTqmis

yovelTvis iTvaliswinebda am erudirebul, xelovnebis safuZvlianad

mcodne Tanamecxedris rCevas, mosazrebas.

amjerad momavali wignis erT qveTavs gTavazobT.

esTan erTad Sin vbrundebi. Cems kavalers

vTxove, gastronomamde mivecilebine.

mivuaxlovdi maRazias da cxvirwin

kari momixures – gvianiao. am

dros ucnobma mamakacma xeli Camavlo,

kari jiqur SeaRo da gamyidvelebs mimarTa:

_ pativi eciT lamaz qals. rac

surs, swrafad moarTviT.

me gaocebul-gaognebuli var. vin

aris es kaci ra utaqtobaa ase moqceva.

Tanac Cems kavalerze vbrazob, romelic

arxeinad dgas da gamvlel-gamomvlels

Tvals ayolebs. viyide,

rac mindoda da gamovedi. ucnobi

damemSvidoba. cudi araferi ukadrebia.

maSinve romeos Sevutie:

_ rogor SegeZlo, gulgrili yofiliyavi,

roca Sens Tanmxlebs ucnobi

kaci ase moeqca

_ ici, vin iyo is ucnobi saqarTvelos

poetTa mefe.

_ galaktion tabiZe

_ diax!

galaktionze bevri ram msmenoda,

gansakuTrebiT Cerniavskisagan. Cerniavski

yofili general-gubernatoris

vaJi gaxldaT. Seuxedavi, magram suliT

umdidres-ufaqizesi, friad ganaTlebuli,

poeturi bunebisa. mas axlo

urTierToba hqonda qarTvel mwerlebTan,

romlebic sargeblobdnen misi

keTili guliTa da didi codniT. da

ai, am Cerniavskisagan vicodi, vin iyo

galaktioni...

Semdeg davaxlovdiT. es iyo 1937

wels. galaktioni mZime mdgomareoba-

Si iyo. mec travmirebuli gaxldiT.

gavugeT urTierTs, davmegobrdiT.

olia okujava axali daWerili iyo

da galaktioni Zlier ganicdida amas.

olia maSin daupatimrebiaT, roca

galaktioni saavadmyofoSi iwva. olias

Turme SinsaxkomlebisTvis uTqvams:

Zalze cudad yofila Tqveni saqme, Tu

me miWerTo.

...kargad maxsovs. akaki wereTlis

iubile unda Catarebuliyo. galaktionma

moiTxova, misTvis miendoT

moxsenebis wakiTxva. irakli abaSiZe

daTanxmda. galaktionma gatacebiT

daiwyo muSaoba. me mainc veWvobdi, rom

lirikoss kargi moxseneba gamouvidoda.

amitomac vuTxari:

_ modi, rasac akakize fiqrob, yvelaferi

leqsad gadmoeci.

moewona es idea da Seudga weras. im

xanebSi Zalze bevrs vkiTxulobdiT, ra

Tqma unda, akakis nawarmoebebs; rogorc

qarTulad, ise rusulad. jer qarTulad

waikiTxavda leqss, mere metyoda:

_ aba, vnaxoT, rusulad rogor

JRers – da agrZelebda bolTis cemas.

erTxel vkiTxe:

_ galaktion, akaki marTla didi

poetia

_ arao, – miTxra.

_ maS vin aris didi poeti

_ vaJa-fSavela. masaviT aravis

daunaxavs buneba. filosofosia, geniosia.

_ qalbatono olga, – daveWvdi me,

– es rogor, galaktioni xom aRmerTebda

akakis nuTu marTla ase fiqrobda,

rogorc Tqven brZaneT

_ namdvilad ase miTxra. erTia poetis

siyvaruli da meorea misi sidiadis

aRiareba.

olga dariusi agrZelebs:

_ galaktionma dawera, rac surda

da elodeboda, rom pirvel sityvas mas

miscemdnen. magram ase ar moxda, rac

umwvavesad ganicada. daiwyo loTobis

seria. dRedaRam svamda. me ver gavu-

Zeli da Cems binaSi gadavedi. cxadia,

uyuradRebod ar damitovebia. yoveldRe

vagzavnidi mosamsaxures. erTxel

es qali aRSfoTebuli dabrunda da

pirdapir Semomitia.

_ Êàê âàì íå ñòûäíî, âåäü îí áîëüíîé

÷åëîâåê.

loTobas gacieba daemata da vi-

Tareba garTulda. am dros CemTan movida

Cerniavski da kategoriulad momTxova,

Joresis oTxSi davbrunebuliyavi.

mec ase moviqeci.

Cerniavskim mirCia, baraTi gamegzavna

stalinisaTvis. rigiani qaRaldic

ki ar mqonda. Cemi disSvilis rveulidan

amovxie furceli da mivwere stalins,

rom saqarTvelos upirvelesi

poeti umZimes mdgomareobaSia. mkurnaloba

sWirdeba. mweralTa kavSiri ki

yuradRebas ar aqcevs. ho, ar damaviwydes,

im xanebSi galaktions leninis

ordeni mopares, rasac tragikulad

ganicdida. erTi sityviT, mivwere is,

rac simarTle iyo da risi gakeTebac

me, rogorc galaktionis uaxloes adamians,

mevaleboda. baraTs xelic

movawere.

cda ar damiklia da galaktionic

male fexze dadga.

erT dRes telefoni awkrialda.

galaktioni yurmils iRebs. ekiTxebian:

rogor brZandebiTo. galaktioni

gakvirvebul-dabneulia, rodis iyo,

rom mweralTa kavSiri misadmi aseT

dainteresebas iCenda

_ xom ar isurvebdiT saguramoSi

dasvenebas

galaktioni pasuxobs:

_ ra Tqma unda, mxolod ori adgili

minda.

_ xval yvelaferi mogvarebuli

iqneba, batono galaktion, diliT manqana

mogakiTxavT.

galaktioni mxrebs iCeCavs, ukvirs,

raRac saswauli xdebao. me gavumxile,

rom stalins baraTi gavugzavne da,

albaT, amis Sedegia-meTqi. abuzRunda,

ratom miwereo.

sxvaTa Soris, stalini icnobda

galaktions. roca qarTveli mwerlebi

moskovs Cavidnen da galaktioni ar

Caiyvanes, stalins ukiTxavs: À ãäå æå

âàø êîðîëü ïîýòîâ

ase da amrigad, gavemgzavreT

saguramoSi. mogvces mSvenieri oTaxi.

win uzarmazari kaklis xe Srialebda.

iqve wyaro moCuxCuxebda. araCveulebrivi

peizaJi. galaktioni mTeli

gatacebiT Seudga muSaobas. xSirad

saxlidan moSorebiT mivdiodiT. hamakSi

movkalaTdebodiT da me vukiTxavdi

dikenss. galaktions Zlier uyvarda

dikensi. yovelTvis mZlavrad ganicdida

misi personaJebis Tavgadasavals.

erTi epizodi: ZmisSvilma zurgi

Seaqcia mWedels da am ukanasknelma

TrTolviT warmoTqva: `araferia, pep!

yvelaferi SeiZleba moxdes~. es rom

moismina, galaktioni aenTo. dawera

kidec mSvenieri leqsi imave sityvebis

variaciiT. xsenebuli nawarmoebi

pirvelad pavle ingoroyvam waikiTxa

da miTxra:

_ olga iurevna, galaktioni sityvis

jadoqaria. aseTi poeti Cven ar

gvyolia.

saguramoSi kargma sazogadoebam

moiyara Tavi: pavle ingroyva da

geronti qiqoZe meuRleebiTurT, sergo

kldiaSvili da sxvebi...

geronti araCveulebrivi mosaubre

iyo. xSirad gvepatiJeboda TavisTan.

me mivdiodi, galaktioni ki fexs iTrevda.

galaktioni Zalze eWviani iyo.

Cemi marto gaSveba yovelTvis eZneleboda.

ai, saseirnod unda wavideT.

geronti qvemoT gvelodeba. me vicvam,

galaktions ar unda, rom wavide, magram

arafers ambobs da momyveba.

geronti mTeli gza maxvilsityvaobs,

galaktioni ki xmas ar iRebs.

sxvaTa Soris, galaktionma sTxova

gerontis: Cems saRamoze sityviT gamodio.

amasTan dakavSirebiT gerontim

brwyinvale baraTi gamougzavna. friad

dasanani iqneba, Tu is daikarga.

geronti werda: Cveulebriv poetebs

xuTi grZnoba aqvT, Tqven ki meeqvsec

gagaCniaT. gamoirCeviT didi intuiciiT,

movlenebis uzustesi aRqma-SegrZnebiT.

Tqven geniosi brZandebiTo.

Semdeg Sendobas iTxovda, sityviT ver

gamovalo. galaktions ise moewona

werilis pirveli naxevari, rom, Sen

warmoidgine, ar gabrazebula.

erT dResac galaktioni cekaSi

daibares. SeSfoTda, ra undaT Cemgano.

mTxova wavyolodi. uari vuTxari.

me ki ar mibareben, aramed Sen-meTqi.

wadi, galaktion, nu geSinia, me kargi

winaTgrZnoba maqvs. galaktions sjeroda

winaTgrZnobisa. zogjer crumorwmunec

iyo.

_ keTili, waval. mxolod Sen fexs

saguramo, 1940 weli. galaktion tabiZe da olga dariusi damsvenebelTa Soris


14 - 27 maisi 2010

ar moicvli oTaxidan. es kaklis xe

daxate. Cems Txovnas Tu Seasruleb,

qalaqidan saCuqars Camogitan.

galaktioni gaemgzavra. me xatva

daviwye, magram momewyina eulad yofna.

araCveulebrivi amindi. qvemoT sicil-kiskisi.

Cavedi, Tumca did xans ar

darCenilivar...

da ai, dabrunda galaktioni. saxe

ucinis. bednieria. _ ra moxda – vekiTxebi.

ordeni damibrunes, Cemi ordeni.

me da Cerniavski yovelTvis vambobdiT,

rom gamoricxulia qurdebs

moeparaT ordeni. vis rad undoda. xom

ver gayididnen. es viRac-viRacebma

mouwyves, raTa mgosnis komprometireba

moexdinaT.

galaktioni jibidan iRebs SefuTul

nivTs da frTxilad xsnis. margalitis

yelsabami. marTalia, imitacia

iyo, magram Zalze originalurad

da lamazad gamoiyureboda. arc ki

mikiTxavs, ra misca. arc TviTon uTqvams.

erTxans daiJina: agaraki unda giyidoo.

Sen xom Zlier giyvars bunebao.

me vicinodi.

_ sadauri hercogi an lordi Sen

myavxar, aseT saCuqars rom mpirdebimeTqi.

_ yvelaferi gamoangariSebuli

maqvs. aucileblad unda giyidoo.

ra Tqma unda, es ar momxdara.

saguramoSi Salva dadiani movida.

moqeife kaci iyo. gaimarTa banketi. ra

Tqma unda, me da galaktionic veswrebodiT.

im xanebSi galaktioni ar svamda.

mis gverdiT ijda viqtor gabeskiria.

damaimeda: olga iurevna,

erT wveTsac ar davusxam, nu RelavTo.

danapirebi marTlac Seasrula. mweralTa

kavSiris Tavmjdomarec CvenTan

iyo. rom SezarxoSda, movida da mi-

Txra:

_ Îëüãà Þðåâíà, êàêîé-òî ñâîëî÷

íàïèñàë ïèñìî Ñòàëèíó, – cxadia, man icoda,

vinc iyo werilis avtori. me xom

xels vawerdi.

Cans, is werili TbilisSi gadmogzavnes

da amitomac iyvnen zog-zogni

aforiaqebul-SeSfoTebulni.

erT zafxuls kislovodskSi gavemgzavreT.

me da galaktioni ialbuzze

avediT. ar gvijerebdnen, SeuZlebeliao.

Cven ki marTlac moveqeciT

mwvervals kenweroze.

kislovodskSi me sastumroSi vcxovrobdi,

radgan oradgiliani sagzuris

Sovna ar moxerxda. iqve iyo uSangi

CxeiZec, mkurnalobda. mzem damwva da

ramdenime dRe gareT ver gamovdiodi.

galaktioni gamibrazda: saxeze damwvroba

sulac ar gemCneva, CemTan ratom

ar modixaro. am gabrazebas lo-

Toba moyva. araferma gaWra.

uSangim Tavisi drama gadasca wasakiTxad.

galaktions ki amisi Tavi ar

hqonda. vTxove, daebrunebina avtorisaTvis.

ver moaxerxa. mere me mivutane

da avuxseni, rom galaktioni avad iyo.

_ nuTu, ar SeiZleba misi gankurneba

– Sewuxda uSangi.

bevrs vxetialobdiT. erTxel gzispira

sasadiloSi SevediT. galaktioni

miujda magidas da daiwyo blokis

citireba: `mijaWvuli var me am

duqanze~...

galaktions sicili uyvarda. gadamdebi

iyo misi xarxari. cirkSi varT.

arenaze jambazebi gamovidnen. mexuTe

rigSi gogonam kiskisi atexa. galaktioni

ayva. gogonas wkriala xma da

galaktionis baritoni – momxibvleli

Serwyma iyo. male es sicili mTel darbazs

gadaedo da zanzarebda cirki.

galaktioni didi bavSvi iyo;

araCveulebrivad wminda da moralurad

spetaki. ar uyvarda valis aReba.

arc me maZlevda uflebas, mesesxa. Cven

ki dalxinebiT rodi vcxovrobdiT.

stumrebs ver guobda. Tavadac gaurboda

vizitebs. mxolod erTxel

dafacurda, roca moskovidan mxatvruli

kiTxvis ostatebi mewvivnen. sadili

gavumarTeT da galaktionmac

kargad moilxina.

mxolod giorgi quCiSvilTan megobrobda.

sxvebi arc modiodnen Cven-

Tan. zogjer giorgisac auxirdeboda.

metyoda:

_ ar SemouSva, loTiao.

Cemi disSvili eSmakurad mowkuravda

Tvalebs:

– Tqven ki ar brZandebiT loTi, batono

galaktion

_ ara! _ upasuxebda galaktioni.

_ ai, yvela loTma poetma sabolood

mainc aRiara, rom loTia, Tqven

ki ar tydebiT, – ar eSveboda Cemi disSvili.

galaktioni Sexumrebuli iyo mas-

Tan. aqtiuradac ereoda gogonas cxovrebaSi.

sawyali, tuberkuloziT

daavadda. saWiro iyo saswrafo daxmareba,

da ai, Cvenc mivakiTxeT janmrTelobis

komisariats. ficxelauri

fexze wamoudga:

_ amjerad Zalian gviWirs, batono

galaktion, magram mainc mogixerxebT

rameso.

marTlac, abasTumnis sagzuri gamogviyves.

Cemi disSvili 1944 wels gardaicvala.

galaktioni zogjer mSiSarac iyo,

magram moqalaqeobriv simamaces mainc

ar kargavda.

daiwyo samamulo omi da Cemi meore

disSvili – eriki, romelic odesaSi

cxovrobda, saswavleblidan gamoricxes,

radgan mamamisi germaneli iyo.

sul mTlad mainc ar gaswires da TbilisSi

gamogzavnes. cxadia, CemTan movida.

cota xnis Semdeg galaktioni mekiTxeba:

_ ratom ar dadis skolaSi

_ imitom, rom ar iReben.

_ ratom ar iReben

_ imitom, rom germanelia.

_ mere ra. axlave wavideT, sadac

jer ars.

mivediT qalaqis miliciis sammarTveloSi.

galaktioni icnes da

daakmayofiles misi Txovna.

aucilebeli iyo teqnikumSi mowyoba,

Tanac iseTSi, romelsac javSani

hqonda. aseTad iTvleboda saaviacio

saswavlebeli. iq direqtorad jibuti

muSaobda.

_ yvelafers gavakeTeb, batono

galaktiono.

da marTlac, es problemac mogvarda.

magram Cveni gasaWiri amiT ar dam-

Tavrebula. SeuZlebeli gaxda muSaobis

dawyeba, radgan germaneli iyo.

qalbatoni olga mcire xniT yovndeba.

Subli eRareba. mere xels Caiqnevs

da agrZelebs:

_ hoda, erikma sabuTebi dakarga.

axal pasportSi erovnebad estoneli

Cauweres da yvelaferi mogvarda. leningradSi

umaRlesi saswavlebeli daamTavra.

axla kuibiSevSi muSaobs. roca

TbilisSi Camovida, mTxova mTawmindaze

ameyvana. galaktionis saflavi

gvirgviniT Seamko. galaktionis

udidesi pativismcemelia, moyvaruli.

galaktioni arcTu iSviaTad avadmyofobda

– svamda. samkurnalo kombinatidan

eqimi gvakiTxavda, erovnebiT

somexi. mgoni, leningradis quCaze cxovrobda.

ganaTlebuli da Wkviani

kaci gaxldaT. galaktioni keTilad

iyo ganwyobili misdami. varjiSi ur-

Cia. pirvel xanebSi galaktioni seriozulad

moekida am siaxles, magram

male mobezrda. ase icoda. uZneldeboda

saqmis miyvana bolomde.

kabinetSi yovelTvis uwesrigoba

sufevda. areul-dareuli iyo wignebi,

xelnawerebi dafantuli. me vTxove,

gveyida saqaRaldeebi da wesrigSi

mogveyvana kabineti. energiulad Seudga

muSaobas, magram male mobezrda.

misTvis gare samyaro TiTqmis ar arsebobda.

mTlianad iyo STanTqmuli

poeziaSi. amitomac bevr rames iviwyebda.

icoda Tqma: uamravi mteri myavso.

Tavdapirvelad ar mjeroda. mere da

mere davrwmundi, rom ar aWarbebda.

xSirad vukiTxavdi goeTesa da haines

germanulad. zogjer estonuri

leqsiTac interesdeboda. JReradobaze,

musikalobaze amaxvilebda yuradRebas.

iWerda riTmebs da imeorebda.

erTxel miTxra: minda davwero lirikis

filosofiao. me vurCie, poeturad

moeTxro. damTanxmda da Seqmna

kidec didebuli nawarmoebi `saubari

lirikis Sesaxeb~...

vatyob, qalbatoni olga daiRala.

TvalebSi ki mainc is cecxli ukiafebs,

romelsac Zvirfasi adamianis gaxseneba

iwvevs.

SevTanxmdiT: ori dRis Semdeg kvlav

vewvevi.

warsuls daviwyebis bindi gadaecala.

sicocxle grZeldeba.

literaturuli gazeTi

gigi xornauli

1965 wlis Semodgomaze movam-

TavreT `xalxuri sibrZnis~ xuTtomeulis

gamocema da axla ukve sxva wignebsac

maZlevdnen sarecenziod da saredaqtorod,

gansakuTrebiT ki iseTebs,

romlebTanac raime sajaxiro iyo

dakavSirebuli, Tundac avtoris magier

dednis momzadeba, an `saomari~.

batonma xutam gamomiZaxa da damavala:

`Cemi saxeliT daukavSirdi baton

konstantine gamsaxurdias, rodis

SeiZleba mixvide masTan `didostatis

marjvenis~ ilustraciebis wamosaRebad.

ori cali wignic sTxove - dedans

Sen moamzadeb da redaqtoric Senve

iqnebio~. wina dRes gazeT `komunist-

Si~ iyo werili: frangulma gazeTma

`lumanitem~ moamTavra `didostatis

marjvenis~ beWdva gagrZelebiTa da

uxvi ilustraciebiT, mxatvarma Jan

dorvielma ki es yvelaferi baton konstantines

saCuqrad gamougzavnao.

batoni xuta aseT Sanss, aseT ideas

xelidan ar gauSvebda. mudam imis ZiebaSi

iyo, ra da rogor gamoeca.

gamocxadebuli hqonda: karg ideaSi

honorars viZlevi, oRond vinmem rame

moifiqreTo.

CemTvis, mTlad axalbeda redaqtorisTvis,

aseTi didi mwerlis wignis

redaqtoroba didi pativi iyo. ama-

Relva imanac, rom SesaZlebloba meZleoda

piradad gavcnobodi Cveni

drois aramarto did mwerals, aramed

did patriots, saocar pirovnebas, vis

Sesaxebac legendebi dadioda. misi

Soridan xilvac ki did mowiwebas

iwvevda CemSi. exla ki masTan saqmiani

urTierToba unda damemyarebina.

Zalian vRelavdi. yurmili kinaRam xelidan

gamivarda, roca telefonSi

batoni konstantines xma gavigone.

miTxra, roca gnebavT, maSin mobrZandiTo.

me aRar gadavde, exlave wamoval-meTqi.

misamarTis kiTxva ara

mWirdeboda, radgan kolxuri koSkisTvis

Tvalis Sesavlebad ramdenjerme

viyavi namyofi studentobis dros.

WiSkris kari zviadma gamiRo. batoni

konstantine misaReb oTaxSi meloda.

savarZlidan wamoweviT CamomarTva

xeli da meore savarZelze mimiTiTa.

zviadic iqve Soriaxlos Camojda.

- xornaulio, mgoni is miTxariT,

ara

- diax, batono konstantine.

- Tqvenia, `ciskarSi~ rom daibeWda

moTxroba `TuTi~

- diaxo, - vupasuxe da vigrZeni

rogor wamovwiTldi. gavocdi, Cemi

nacodvilaris wasakiTxad rogorRa

moicala, an gvari ram daaxsoma-meTqi.

folkneris erT-erTi interviudan

maxsovda: isev da isev msoflio literaturis

klasikosebis xelaxla wakiTxva

maZlevs bevr axals, Tanamedrove

Tu rame gaxmaurda, mxolod imas vkiTxulobo.

- lado baliauris Semdeg mTieli

prozaikosi ara gvyolia. kargi

prozaikosi dadgeboda, rom ecliaT.

prozaikosi lado da poeti gabriel

jabuSanuri. Zlierni iyvnen.

- lado dediZma iyo Cemi.

- marTla! kvici gvarze xtiso. momewona

Tqveni moTxroba. gagmarjvebiyos,

Wabuko!

qalbatonma mirandam keTili RimiliT

Semogvitana TefSebze dawyobili

yveli, puri, xorci da tyemali.

Rvino zviadma Semoitana doqiT da

welSi gamoyvanil WiqebSi daasxa. batonma

konstantinem aiRo da dailoca:

- keTili iyos Cveni gacnoba, gigiav!

mixarian, roca karg axalgazrdebs vxvdebi!

xeli mogemarTos keTil

saqmeze! - sadRegrZelos waxevsuruleba

scada.

- batono konstantine, Tu gaqvT,

dedanisaTvis momeciT ori wigni da me

gavakeTeb yvelafers, - Sevbede sami

sadRegrZelosa da cota saubris Semdeg.

- ra vqna, ar vici. Svilebs geficebi,

ori erTnairi wigni aRar SemomrCa.

ase saCqarod ki saidan...

- meores me viSovi, Tqveni wignebis

Sovna ar gamiZneldeba-meTqi, -

davaimede da bodiSis moxdiT vTxove

mets aRar SegawuxebT-meTqi.

magidisxela muyaoebze aRmoCnda

mogoneba 11

konstantine gamsaxurdia

dawebebuli grafikulad Sesrulebuli

eqvs-eqvsi ilustracia. bevri iyo.

nawili SevarCieT da zviadma manqaniT

Camomatanina gamomcemlobaSi. am

mcire manZilze mgzavrobisas zviadSi

Sevicani is saocari pirovneba, romlis

msgavsic mxolod ocnebiT Tu warmomedgina.

meore dResve viSove meore cali,

orive CamovaWrevine stambaSi da furclebad

qceulisagan dedani davawebe.

daviwye kiTxva redaqtoruli TvaliT

da imden Secdomas vpoulobdi, SeveWvdi,

awyobis dros damaxinjebul variants

xom ar vkiTxulob-meTqi. manamde

xuTjer mainc mqonda wakiTxuli, magram

amnairi araferi SemimCnevia. ise

kiTxvisas, saerTod yvela nawarmoeb-

Si, da miTumetes `didostatis marjvenaSi~,

Sinaarsi gitacebs, lafsusebs

ver amCnev da arca aqvs mniSvneloba.

redaqtoruli Tvali ki gifuWebs xibls.

SemdegSi sxva mwerlebis wignebi

rom wavikiTxe am TvaliT, iq uaresi

viTareba iyo xSirad.

awyobis Sedegad daSvebuli Secdomebis

garda, iyo zmnis piris niSnebis

araerTgvarovneba, zedmetoba an nakleboba.

magaliTad aseTebi: `am dros

gamoscvivdnen garamelebidan monebi~.

`s~ aq zedmetia. erTi Secdoma aseTic

ki iyo: zviad spasalari saRamoxans

estumra melqisedeks mefis davalebiT

- Sorena girSels mivaTxovoTo. SuadRe

iyo, roca memaSxleebma gamoaciles

WiSkramde. martod darCenilma

zviadma varskvlavebiT moWedil cas

axeda.

aSkara iyo aq `SuadRis~ nacvlad

`SuaRame~ unda yofiliyo. Secdomebma

erTi Tormetfurcliani rveuli

Seavso. TanamSromlebma miTxres, mag

rveuls kowia Tavze gadagaxevs, ver

itans enaTmecnierul Carevebs - enas

mwerlebi udeben kanonebs da ara enaTmecnierebio.

ver gavbede im rveulis Cveneba batoni

konstantinesTvis. calke amovwere

aSkara da tipuri Secdomebi,

dedanic gaviyole da kidev vestumre.

man guldagul CaaTvaliera, Sigada-

Sig SesZaxebda: marTla ase miweriao!

SuadRe-SuaRamis aRrevaze gagiJda -

maCvene, maCvene erTi dedani, nuTu

marTla aseTi sisulele aris gaparulio!

naxa da lanZRva daiwyo

`Steri~ redaqtorebisa. xeli CamomarTva,

furclebi damibruna da

miTxra:

- yoCaR, xevsuro, kargad gimuSavia,

eg yvelaferi Casasworebelia, sxvac

Tu iyos, Caasworeo.

maSin davrwmundi, uvicTa abdaubda

Cxikins da kbenas ver itanda batoni

konstantine da Worebsac isini uvrcelebdnen.


12 interviu literaturuli gazeTi 14 - 27 maisi 2010

mwerali

_ logikuri iqneba, Tu saubars

Seni axali krebuliT daviwyebT. `negativma~

ukve daimsaxura poeziis moyvarulTa

maRali Sefaseba. ramdenadac

vici, masSi gaerTianda rCeuli

leqsebi oTxi sxvadasxva krebulidan.

ra gaxda misi gamocemis safuZveli

da rogori iyo samuSao procesi

_ am krebulis gamocemas ramdenime

mizezi hqonda: pirveli is, rom mindoda

raRacnairad `wameSala~ Cemi

ori Zveli wigni _ `CurCulis gakve-

Tili~ da `gamomigone,~ romlebic ar

miyvars, ar momwons... zustad arcki

vici, ra formulireba movZebno. da

kidev, mindoda gamomesworebina is

xarvezebi, rac `jibis haerisa~ da `gzebi

da dReebis~ gamocemisas gaipara.

_ cota ar iyos, ucnauria Zveli

nawerebis ase mkveTrad uaryofa.

mainc ra ar mogwons pirvel or krebulSi,

romliTac Tavis droze poetur

sivrceSi bevris simpaTia daimsaxure

_ Zalian martivad rom vTqva, ar

momwons raze vwerdi, rogor vwerdi...

raRacas vxlaforTobdi, siyvarulze

movTqvamdi. im periodSi wignisadmi

aranairi midgoma ar gamaCnda. davwerdi

raRacebs, Cavyridi erTad da wigns

vuwodebdi. dRes Rirebulebebi Seicvala.

am gadasaxedidan wigni CemTvis

sul sxva ramea.

_ ras gulisxmob

_ zogadad, vcdilob, ar viyo konceptualisti

da msgavsi gansazRvrebebi

yovelmxriv avirido, magram

mimaCnia, rom wignze muSaobisas garkveuli

struqturis Camoyalibeba da

mis erT mTlianobaSi gaazreba aucilebelia.

CemTvis mniSvnelovania vicode,

ratom mosdevs erTi leqsi meores.

SesaZloa, viRacisTvis meorexarisxovani

iyos, magram me unda vicode.

Zvel wignebSi es procesi TviTdinebazea

miSvebuli. SemeZlo, Cavjdomodi

da raRacebi Camesworebina,

gansakuTrebiT, `CurCulis gakveTil-

Si~, magram miviCnie, rom es wigni amden

drod da nervebad ar Rirda. rac Seexeba

danarCen ors (igulisxmeba `jibis

haeri~ da `gzebi da dReebi~ _ n.k.),

mindoda isini xelaxla gamocemuliyo.

_ ra principiT SearCie axali krebulisTvis

leqsebi

_ simarTle giTxra, gansakuTrebuli

principebiT ar mixelmZRvanelia,

radgan sabolood, CemTvis oTxive wigni

erTi mTlianobaa, erTiani koncefciiT,

stiliT, TematikiTa da xelweriT

Seqmnili. vfiqrob, saintereso

krebuli gamovida, magram arc imas gamovricxav,

rom erT dRes aRar momewonos.

Tumca es ufro varaudia, radgan

sakuTari Tavi iseTi dinamiuri

aRar mgonia, rom es leqsebic ZvelebiviT

iolad movikveTo.

_ erTiani stili, Tematika da

koncefcia axsene. arada, oTxive krebuli

gansxvavebulia, wignidan wignamde

igrZnoba cvlilebebi.

_ rasakvirvelia, cvlileba iqneba,

es xom bunebrivi procesia. sxvaTa

Soris, im wlebis ganmavlobaSi, rodesac

es wignebi cal-calke Tu erTad

gamoicemoda, Cemi cxovreba mkveTrad

Seicvala, rac aisaxa kidec leqsebze.

mTlianobaSi es yvelaferi aris is,

rasac ver gaveqeci da erTad movuyare

Tavi. albaT momavalSic igives gavagr-

Zeleb.

_ nebismieri xelovanisTvis Zalze

mniSvnelovania sakuTari Tavis Zieba

SemoqmedebiT sivrceSi, gansxvavebuli

stilisa Tu samwerlo enis Seqmna.

rogor fiqrob, miageni Sens gamokveTil

stils, Sens arxs poeziaSi

_ weris procesSi Zalian bevr rameze

vfiqrob, magram am sakiTxebze _

arasdros. xelovnurad imis gakontroleba,

rasac hqvia stili, xazi, arxi,

Zalian rTulia da arabunebrivic

gamodis. erTi SexedviT, SeiZleba kargi

Sedegi miiRo, magram sabolood, es

meTodi ar amarTlebs. yovel SemTxvevaSi,

CemTan mimarTebaSi. zogadad,

yvelaferSi bunebrioba miyvars. werac,

rogorc sxva nebismieri saqmianoba,

bunebriv procesad mimaCnia, romelic

adamianis pirovnuli Tvisebebidan,

Sinagani konstituciidan da xasiaTidan

gamomdinareobs. rogorc

unda moindomo, Tu niWi ar gaqvs, sakuTar

Tavs ver gadaaxtebi. piradad me

ver vityvi, rom raime gansakuTrebuls

vakeTeb. stilis TvalsazrisiT Tavs

standartul avtorad miviCnev. siaxlis

Seqmnis moTxovnileba ar maqvs da

zviad ratiani:

`CemTvis oTxive wigni erTi mTlianobaa~

` _ Svilo, Cven gana gaCenidan ase viyaviT!

dedis muclidan, akvnidanve ki ar Segvaxma

SuSis TvalebiT gawyobili cvilis niRabi;

Sen es Tvalebi oci wlis win unda genaxa –

anTebulebi siamayiT, Sav-mewamuli

droSebis qarSi, bnel quCebSi, rodesac qSeniT

xmis CaxleCamde gavyvirodiT: ena, mamuli,

sarwmunoeba...~

(negativi. 20 wlis Semdeg)

guram wibaxaSvilis foto

am sityvebis avtori zviad ratiania, erT-erTi gamorCeuli poeti

Tanamedrove literaturul sivrceSi. misi leqsebi karga xania Seiyvara

mkiTxvelma da miuxedavad imisa, rom siaxleebiT xSirad ar gvanebivrebs,

mouTmenlad veliT misi yoveli axali wignis dabadebas.

ramdenime Tvis win kidev erTi krebuli gamosca, romelSic avtoris bolo

oTxi wigni gaerTianda: `boloswina leqsebi~ (2009), `Ria da faruli

miZRvnebi~(2008), `gzebi da dReebi~(2005) da `jibis haeri~ (2000). aqedan pirveli

ori cikli axalia, danarCen ors ki ukve icnobs mkiTxveli. krebuls `negativi~

hqvia da negativis, anu ukuRma xedvis principiTaa dalagebuli. man ukve

miipyro literaturis kritikosTa yuradReba da vfiqrobT, Sesabamis

Sefasebasac daimsaxurebs, manamde ki Tavad avtors movusminoT.

arc msgavs pirobebs vuyeneb sakuTar

Tavs. erTaderTi, Cems Tavs mkacrad

vuTxari: raxan ar iSli, jandabas,

were leqsebi, oRond cxovrebaSi ar ipoeto.

ar minda es yvelaferi gadavides

yoveldRiurobaSi, qcevaSi da

a.S.

_ rogorc poetma, sakuTari Tavis

fasi Tu ici

_ ra Tqma unda. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi,

arc davbeWdavdi. miT umetes,

erTxel dawerils meored aRar gamovaqveynebdi.

_ bevria leqsi, romelsac ar be-

Wdav

_ Zalian. saerTod, nela vwer. iSviaTad

gamomdis xolme is, rac minda.

leqsebs, romlebSic mkveTrad avcdi

Canafiqrs, aRar vaqveyneb. xandaxan

maT sxva nawarmoebis `saSen masalad~

viyeneb, magram ZiriTadad Tavs vanebeb

da aRar vubrundebi.

_ me vici, rogori TviTkritikuli

xar sakuTari nawerebis mimarT.

_ TviTkritikuli namdvilad var,

imitom rom yvelaze ukeT vgrZnob, ra

davakeli leqss, risi gakeTeba mindoda

da ra gamovida. bolo dros vcdilob,

amis demonstrirebisgan Tavi Sevikavo,

radgan aseTma damokidebulebam

SeiZleba mavani gaaRizianos. xandaxan

Tavis qeba gacilebiT bunebrivia,

vidre kritika. erTi ram mamSvidebs

_ intervius iSviaTad viZlevi da

amdenad, Cemi TviTkritikuloba saaSkaraoze

naklebad gamodis. winaaRmdeg

SemTxvevaSi am Temaze arc vilaparakebdi.

_ miuxedavad imisa, rom sakuTar

Tavs gamorCeulad ar miiCnev, bevri

novator poets giwodebs. rogor

fiqrob, ratom

_ ver getyvi. zogadad, TiToeuli

adamiani aris novacia, gamomdinare

iqidan, rom ganumeorebeli genetikuri

kodi aqvs da samyaroSi misi

msgavsi aravinaa. rac Seexeba novacias

poeziaSi, aq yvelaferi leqsis xarisxamde

midis, anu, ramdenad xarisxianad

vwer me, poeti zviad ratiani imas,

rasac vwer. swored es ganapirobebs

siaxles da zogadad, moZraobas poeziaSi.

mere kidev, poezia xom TviTregulirebadi

substanciaa, cocxali

organizmi, romelic Tavad igonebs

raRacebs.

_ ras gulisxmob

_ roca igrZnobs, rom novaciaa

saWiro, swored maSin gamoigonebs im

bages Tu kalams, romelmac es siaxle

unda moitanos.

_ anu, Tavad awesrigebs procesebs

_ rasakvirvelia. ena cocxali

organizmia, romelsacTavisi wesebi

aqvs da ramdenic unda ecado, misi

bunebisTvis miuRebels iZulebiT ver

miaRebineb.

_ enobrivi Ziebebi Tu gitacebs

_ ra Tqma unda, rogorc poeziiT

seriozulad dakavebul nebismier adamians,

Tumca es yvelaferi TviTmiznad

arasdros gamixdia. Cemi enobrivi

Ziebebis ZiriTadi arsi simartivesTan

midis. minda, naweri rac Sei-

Zleba sada da gamWvirvale gamovides.

garkveuli TvalsazrisiT, mSralic

ki. azri bolomde iyos naTeli da

saTqmels zustad gadmoscemdes.

_ arada, bolo dros prozaSic da

poeziaSic bundovanebis tendencia

mZlavrobs.

_ aseTi ram CemTvis kategoriulad

miuRebelia, bundovanebas literaturul

borotebas veZaxi. SeiZleba

erTs gulisxmobde da mkiTxvelma sxva

ram dainaxos, magram is, rom mizanmimarTulad

daamaxinjo saTqmeli, ar mesmis.

is ki ara, vcdilob naweri maqsimalurad

davwmindo, rom ar darCes

zedmeti SekiTxva, ar iyos zedmeti sityvebi,

frazebi da saxeebi, Tundac,

lamazi.

_ ar SemiZlia ar gkiTxo `negativis~

Sesaxeb. es aris erT-erTi saukeTeso

opusi Sens bolodroindel

nawerebSi. CemTvis `negativi~ im Taobis

protestia, romelmac is saSineli

20 weli damsxvreuli ocnebis koSkebTan

erTad sakuTari mxrebiT zida. ra

ganwyobiT daiwera igi

_ SeiZleba kiTxvis dros es leqsi

aRqmuli iyos, rogorc protesti, magram

werisas aseTi ganwyoba namdvilad

ar mqonia. wina planze mware mogonebebi

gadmodioda, romelTac saleqso

formas vaZlevdi. es leqsi erTgvari xarkia

im sastiki wlebis winaSe, romelic

mZime tvirTad gvawevs yvelas, vinc es

wlebi gamoviareT. me erT-erTi maTgani

viyavi, patara biWi, romelic droSas

amayad vafrialebdi da mixaroda, rom

Cemi susti xelebiT bednier saqarTvelos

vaSenebdi. Tumca amas mohyva uamravi

ubedureba, romelic dRemde gr-

Zeldeba. am leqsSi konkretul gvamebze,

konkretul adamianebze vwer. es yvelaferi

CemTvis mZime gadasatania. sxvaTa

Soris, im wlebis SiSi dRemde momyveba,

zogjer sizmris donezec ki. mas

Semdeg vufrTxi xalxmravlobasac. es ar

aris poza an TamaSi, marTla konkretuli

SiSia, radgan sxvebis msgavsad, im periodSi

mec Tavze damemsxvra idealebi.

amitomac aris CemTvis `negativi~ ara

protesti, ara manifesti, aramed _ lirika.

ufro zustad ki, samoqalaqo lirika.

drodadro maqvs periodebi, rodesac

am ganwyobis leqsebs vwer. aseTi iyo

`mamebi,~ `rekviemi cocxlebisaTvis,~

romlebic imave tkivilsa da gamocdilebazea

agebuli.

_ anu, erTi jaWvis sxvadasxva rgolia

_ albaT asea. es nawerebi mkiTxvelma

SeiZleba samoqalaqo an Tundac saprotesto

lirikad miiCnios, CemTvis ki

iseTive leqsebia, rogorc nebismieri

sxva.

_ sainteresoa isic, rom amdeni

wlis Semdeg Tqvi saTqmeli.

_ es leqsi Zalian didxans da mravalnairad

iwereboda. masze muSaoba

jer kidev 90-iani wlebis meore naxevridan

daviwye, sabolood ki aseTi saxe miiRo.

me mgoni, cudi ar aris. yovel Sem-

TxvevaSi, zustad iseTi gamovida, rogoric

mindoda. vfiqrob, `negativSi~

Cemi SesaZleblobebis maqsimums miva-

Rwie, rac iSviaTad xdeba.

_ amitomac xom ar ewoda krebuls

am leqsis saxeli

_ erT-erTi mizezi esec iyo, Tumca

ara erTaderTi. krebulis saxelwodeba

bevri TvalsazrisiTaa gamarTlebuli:

`negativi~ ukuRma xedvas niSnavs, wign-

Si ki TariRebi ukuRmaa dalagebuli.

fotografiaSi negativi firebis Senaxvas

ukavSirdeba, aqac Zveli leqsebia

Semonaxuli. erTi sityviT, es sityva

iZleva saSualebas, qoTans yuri nebismieri

mxridan moaba. ukeTesi SefuTva

ver movifiqre.

_ `araviTari niWi winaTgrZnobis _

damindo RmerTma.

magram, raTa iRblianad megrZno Tavi,

momca meore _

warsulis niWi.

warsulis, sadac gamudmebiT raRac

icvleba.~

warsuli Sens nawerebSi aqtiurad

figurirebs. ratom maincdamainc

es Tematika

_ Cems leqsebSi warsuli aqtualuria

imdenad, ramdenadac ZiriTadad

sakuTar Tavze vwer, sakuTar gancdebze;

ambebze, romelic Tavad gadamxda,

adamianebze, romlebic Cems

garSemo trialeben. Cemi poezia ar

aris orientirebuli zogadsakacobrio

problemebze, masStabur

masalaze. rasakvirvelia, es SezRudulobaa,

rac Zalian ar momwons. minda

gavarRvio es wre, anu, vwero ise,

rom yvela leqsSi me ar vigulisxmebode.

arada, yovelTvis ase gamomdis.

amerikul poeziaSi arsebobs

termini _ `aRsarebiTi poezia,~ romelic

yvelaze zustad miesadageba

Cems Semoqmedebas. aq igulisxmeba

rogorc cxovrebiseuli biografia,

aseve SemoqmedebiTic. rodesac sakuTar

Tavze wer, grCeba mxolod warsuli.

_ awmyosa da momavalSi Tavs ver

xedav

_ momavali CemTvis mxolod ke-

Tili survilebiT Semoifargleba.

zogadad, meocnebe ar var da arc im

asakSi vyofilvar, roca, wesiT, unda

vyofiliyavi. bavSvobas vgulisxmob.

_ sevdasa da melanqoliaze ras

ityvi Sens leqsebSi xSirad saocari

sevda igrZnoba.

_ yovelTvis mindoda, cota ufro

msubuqad mewera, magram gamodioda

ise, rom ironiisa da cinizmis

mcdelobebis miuxedavad, risi gamoxatvac

konkretul leqsSi mindoda,

sabolood sevda rCeboda.

_ erTi periodi aqtiurad iyavi

dakavebuli TargmaniT. mkiTxvels

axsovs Sens mier gadmoqarTulebuli

celani, elioti, rilke... amJamad

Tu Targmni

_ iseTi intensivobiT veRar. samwuxarod

Tu sabednierod, dro cota

maqvs da mirCevnia sakuTar Semoqmedebas

movaxmaro. ise, mzad maqvs

amerikeli poetis, mark strendis

leqsebi. sakmao masala damigrovda,

magram jerjerobiT gamocemas ver

vaxerxeb. drodadro wvril-wvril

Targmanebsac vaqveyneb, magram im six-

SiriT ara, rogorc `arilis~ xanaSi.

_ Sens poeziaSi ra xdeba am krebulis

Semdeg Seisveneb Tu kidev

gvimzadeb rames

_ krebulSi Sesuli axali wignebi

sruli saxiT ar aris warmodgenili.

`boloswina leqsebica~ da `Ria da faruli

miZRvnebic~ gacilebiT mas-

Staburia. aq mxolod mcire nawili

Sevida. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom am gamocemiT

Cemi axali wigni davaanonse.

bevri leqsi damrCa, gansakuTrebiT

`boloswina leqsebidan~, romelTac

aucileblad gamovaqveyneb.

_ anu, gagrZeleba iqneba.

_ aucileblad, oRond droa sa-

Wiro. ideebi mawuxebs, Tumca maT jer

amorfuli saxe aqvs. am etapze goneba-

Si mxolod carieli formebia, romlebic

sityvebiT unda Sevavso. Semdeg

ki iqneba gagrZeleba. sxvanairad Seu-

Zlebelic aris, radgan sabolood, am

saqmianobiT bednieri var.

esaubra nana kobaiZe


14 - 27 maisi 2010

mTargmneli

nino doliZe:

literaturuli gazeTi

interviu

`kargad rom Targmno, avtors

pirovnul doneze unda gaugo~

didi xani ar aris, rac qarTuli wignis bazarze kidev erTi axali Targmani gamoCnda. `me vnaxe ramala” _ ase

ewodeba cnobili palestineli poetis, murid al-barRuTis pirvel prozaul qmnilebas. memuarebi axalgazrda

arabistma nino doliZem Targmna. wignis avtori sakuTar Tavze, devnilobis tkivilze, cxovrebiseul gamocdilebaze

gviambobs. gulwrfelad gadmocemuli gancdebi, agresiisa da boRmisgan Tavisufali xedva, TanagrZnobiT danaxuli

palestina-israelis ubedureba – axlo aRmosavleTis konfliqtis mTel tragizms saocari simZafriT gangvacdevinebs

da media saSualebebiT `Seqmnili” aRmosavluri sinamdvilis nacvlad, sul sxva realobas warmogvidgens.

Targmani vaxuSti kotetiSvilis xsovnas eZRvneba. baton vaxuStisTan, misi sicocxlis bolo wlebSi, mxatvruli

Targmanis SemoqmedebiT saxelosnoSi dadioda nino doliZe da sxvebTan erTad mTargmnelobiTi saqmis kotetiSviliseul

gamocdilebasa da codnas iziarebda.

13

_ qalbatono nino, martis bolos

kairoSi imyofebodiT da monawileoba

miiReT saerTaSoriso konferenciaSi

`Targmani da epoqis

gamowvevebi”. Tqveni moxseneba `me

vnaxe ramalas” qarTul Targmans

Seexeboda. zogadad, konferenciis

Tematika mravalferovani iyo.

rogorc vici, egviptelebma sakmaod

masStaburi RonisZieba gamarTes.

mokled miambeT konferenciis

Sesaxeb...

_ `Targmani da epoqis gamowvevebi”

egviptis `Targmnis erovnuli

centris” mier organizebuli pirveli

saerTaSoriso konferencia gaxldaT.

centri 2008 wlamde egviptis

kulturis saministros bazaze,

proeqtis saxiT arsebobda, Semdeg ki

damoukidebel organizaciad Camoyalibda.

misi mizania originali

enidan arabul enaze Targmanis waxaliseba.

daarsebidan mokle droSi

centrma xuTasamde wignis gamocema

SeZlo. arabul enaze iTargmneba

rogorc mxatvruli, ise samecniero,

saganmanaTleblo, SemecnebiTi xasiaTis

literatura. Targmnian

rogorc evropuli enebidan, aseve

induridan, Cinuridan, sparsulidan,

Turqulidan... bolo dros ki enaTa

am CamonaTvals bosniuri, koreuli,

yazaxuri, eTiopiuri da sxv. Seemata.

konferenciaSi oTxmocamde ucxoelma

specialistma, mecnierma da

mTargmnelma miiRo monawileoba.

monawileTa raodenoba asormocdaaTs

aRemateboda. RonisZieba

kairos operis did darbazSi sazeimod

gaixsna. misasalmebeli sityva

egviptis kulturis ministrma warmoTqva.

manve `Targmnis erovnuli

centris~ mier sagangebod dawesebuli

rifa‘a at-tahtavis saxelobis

premia, asi aTasi egvipturi funtis

odenobiT, ramdenime ucxoel da

arab mTargmnels gadasca. egvipteSi

mTargmnelobiTi saqmis ganviTareba

saxelmwifo interess warmoadgens,

amisTvis Tanxebs ar iSureben.

_ saxelmwifos mxridan gamor-

Ceuli yuradReba Targmnis saqmes

ratom eqceva

_ saxelmwifo dainteresebulia

rac SeiZleba meti wigni iTargmnos

da gamoices arabul enaze. iTvleba,

rom mTargmnelobiTi skolis dawinaureba

Tanamedrove egvipturi kulturisa

Tu xelovnebis ganviTarebis

erT-erTi aucilebeli pirobaa. amas

istoriuli gamocdilebac karnaxobT.

saqme isaa, rom napoleonis eqspansiis

Semdeg (cnobili reformatoris

– muhamed alis epoqaSi), roca

e.w. `egvipturi aRorZineba~ daiwyo,

egvipteli moRvawis - rifa‘a attahtavis

ZalisxmeviT gaCaRebulma

mTargmnelobiTma muSaobam, didad

Seuwyo xeli qveynis ganviTarebas da

egvipte evropul kulturas aziara.

maSin aTasobiT wigni iTargmna arabul

enaze. ase rom, Tanamedrove

egviptis daintereseba arabulenovani

TargmanebiT, SemTxveviTi da

usafuZvlo araa. saxelmwifo,

amasTan erTad, msoflioSi arabuli

enisa da kulturis popularizaciisTvisac

zrunavs.

_ konferenciaze mravalferovani

Tematika iyo warmodgenili –

Targmani da globalizacia, Targmani

da kulturuli identoba, terminologiis

Targmnis sakiTxebi, mxatvruli

Targmanis problemebi da

sxva. swored am ukanasknel sakiTx-

Tan dakavSirebiT minda gkiTxoT –

mxatvruli Targmanis sferoSi, ra

ZiriTadi problemebi gamoikveTa

aseve, mainteresebs, ramdenad nac-

nobia es Temebi qarTveli mTargmnelebisTvis

_ konferenciaze saubari Seexo uSualod

mxatvruli Targmanis procesTan

(enasTan, versifikaciul sistemebTan)

dakavSirebul konkretul problemebs,

aseve arabulidan Sesrulebul mxatvrul

Targmanebs da saerTod, ama

Tu im qveyanaSi arabulidan Targmnis

tradicias. garda amisa, ganixileboda

iseTi teqnikuri sakiTxebi, rogoricaa

sxvadasxva ucxo enebze saTargmni arabuli

masalis SerCeva, sxvadasxva qveynebSi

arabulidan naTargmni teqstebis

gamocema, gavrceleba, mTargmnelebisTvis

specialuri premiebis daweseba.

Tanamedrove arabul literaturaSi

garkvevas arTulebs is faqti, rom erTi

mxriv, arabuli samyaro aTeulobiT

qveyanas moicavs, meore mxriv, iqmneba

didi raodenobiT literaturuli

produqcia da ar arsebobs wignebis

agentebis sistema, rac dagvexmareboda

maT aRnusxvasa da SefasebaSi.

araerT qveyanaSi (britaneTi, germania,

espaneTi...) arsebobs specialuri, mxolod

arabul literaturaze orientirebuli

gamomcemlobebi, aseve periodika

- `banipali~, `lisani~ - romelic

mxolod Tanamedrove arabuli literaturis

Targmanebs aqveynebs. maT

muSaobaSi did rols asruleben evropaSi

mcxovrebi arabebi.

_ rogorc vici, konferenciaze

aRiniSna, Tu ramdenad didia mTargmnelis

roli ama Tu im enis ganaxlebis

saqmeSi. iq iTqva: `Cven vTargmniT teqsts

da ara enas. kulturas, mis umniSvnelovanes

niSnebs xom swored

teqsti Seicavs”. sainteresoa, ra igulisxmeba

am sityvebSi da Tqveni,

rogorc mTargmnelis, gamocdileba

Tu `eTanxmeba” am azrs

_ ra Tqma unda, veTanxmebi da es,

upirvelesad, mxatvrul teqsts exeba.

teqsti aris aramxolod raRac enaze

dawerili sityvebi, aramed konkretuli

enis matarebelTa msoflaRqmisa Tu

xedvis amsaxvelia. amitomaa, rom Targmani

nebismier epoqaSi kulturul aRmavlobasa

da progresTan iyo dakav-

Sirebuli. mTargmneli ara mxolod amdidrebs

sakuTari enis wiaRs, aramed is

kulturuli procesis uSualo monawiled

gvevlineba. rac ar unda daviwrovdes

msoflio, adamianebi uars ar

ityvian sakuTari kulturis enaze. Tanamedrove

msoflioSi arsebobs globaluri

ena da identobis gamomxatveli

enebi. identobis enaa swored is ena,

romelic saukeTesod gamoxatavs da

gadmogvcems konkretuli eris

tkivilsa Tu sixaruls. aseve identobis

enaze Targmnili nawarmoebi aRiqmeba

yovelTvis ufro srulfasovnad, vidre

sxva Sualedur enaze wakiTxuli.

dRes, rodesac msoflio ise dapataravda,

rom uaxlesi teqnologiebis

gamoyenebisas verc ki vgrZnobT man-

Zils sxvadasxva Soreul qveynebsa da

adamianebs Soris, arsebobs problema,

romelsac mxatvruli Targmanis garda

veraferi moagvarebs. amis sailustraciod

murid al-barRuTis cnobili

memuarebi `me vnaxe ramalac~ SeiZleba

gamodges. es upretenzio wigni, mxatvrul-dokumenturi

proza, romelic

Tanamedrove arabuli samyaros umniSvnelovanes

problemaze da erTerTi

poetis cxovrebasa da gancdebze

mogviTxrobs, gacilebiT metismTqmelia,

vidre yvela Tanamedrove media

saSualebiT gadacemuli informacia,

erTad aRebuli. aseT SemTxvevebSi mxatvrul

Targmans, rogorc sxva teritoriaze,

dedamiwis sxva kuTxeSi mimdinare

procesebis Sesaxeb umniSvnelovanesi

informaciis Semcvel saSualebas,

veraferi Caanacvlebs, radgan es

`informacia~ istoriul faqtebsa da

politikur movlenebs ki ar eyrdnoba,

aramed adamianur tkivilsa da gancdebs.

mogexsenebaT, piradul gamocdilebaze

dayrdnobili literatura

amsxvrevs stereotipebs. amitomaa,

rom am wignis gamosvlis da sxva enebze

gadaTargmnis Semdeg, bevrma evropelma

mkiTxvelma Seicvala azri palestinis

konfliqtTan dakavSirebiT. Cvenc

stereotipebis batonobis pirobebSi

gviwevs cxovreba. erT-erTi aseTi gabatonebuli

Sexeduleba, palestinel

arabs mxolod terorists an werakiTxvis

ucodinars ukavSirebs.

_ mxatvruli Targmanis SemoqmedebiT

saxelosnoSi dadiodiT. batoni

vaxuSti kotetiSvili sakuTar

gamocdilebas giziarebdaT... ra aris

is ZiriTadi, rac misgan iswavleT ra

aris aucilebeli imisTvis, rom mxatvruli

Targmani srulyofilad

Sesruldes

_ erTi SexedviT, mxatvruli Targmanis

swavla an swavleba SeuZlebelicaa.

ra Tqma unda, aris teqnikuri mxare,

gariTmvis sqemebi, sariTmo sityvebis

semantika... SeiZleba saubari

stilze, intonaciaze, melodikaze, magram

saboloo jamSi is, Tu rogor

Targmni (gansakuTrebiT poezias), xSirad

qvecnobier doneze rCeba da Tvi-

Ton mTargmnelmac ar icis. batoni

vaxuStis SemoqmedebiTi saxelosno

imiT gamoirCeoda, rom es iyo ara mxatvruli

Targmanis Teoriuli kursi,

romelic universitetSi ikiTxeba

rogorc dasavleT evropis, ise aRmosavleTmcodneobis

mimarTulebaze,

aramed uSualod mis mier dagrovili

gamocdilebis CvenTvis gaziareba.

gamocdileba ki, rogorc dasavluri,

ise aRmosavluri poeziis Targmnisa,

mas sakmaod didi hqonda da is, rogorc

Tavad ambobda, `tanjvisa da wvalebis~

aTeulobiT weliwads moicavda.

am `sasiamovno wvalebisTvis~ ki ar

aris sakmarisi mxolod ucxo enis codna,

aucilebelia saTargmni teqstis

swori aRqma da gaazreba, nagulisxmevi

qveteqstis wakiTxva da am nagulisxmevis

TargmanSi gadmotana. mTargmneli

unda icnobdes im kulturas, romelsac

miekuTvneba saTargmni nawarmoebi.

saWiroa agreTve erTgvari poeturi

alRo, zneoba da keTilsindisiereba.

_ `me vnaxe ramala” Tqveni pirveli

Targmani ar aris. Tanamedrove aRmosavluri

literaturis nimuSebs

drodadro qarTul periodul

gamocemebSi aqveynebT xolme. sainteresoa,

ra motivaciiT iwyebT ama Tu

im nawarmoebis Targmnas

_ azri, rom raRac Targmno, dakav-

Sirebulia survilTan, Sen mier wakiTxuli

sxvasac gauziaro. mogexsenebaT,

CvenTan, mTargmnelis Sromas aravi-

Tari materialuri sazRauri ar mosdevs.

amitom, Tu nawarmoebi marTla ar

mogewona, mis mimarT ar ganewyve, amxela

Sromis gaweva sruli mazoxizmi

gamodis. sxvisTvis azris gaziareba

yvelaze mniSvnelovania mTargmnelisaTvis.

da raki asea, warmoidgineT,

rogori madlobeli var maTi, vinc

dro gamonaxa da maSin, roca adamiani

wignis kiTxvas saerTod veRar aswrebs,

swored es Targmani waikiTxa.

_ murid al-barRuTis manamde SexvdiT,

sanam mis Semoqmedebas gaecnobodiT.

misi memuarebis wakiTxvis survilic,

albaT, am Sexvedris Semdeg

gagiCndaT. ratom mogewonaT es wigni

_ murid al-barRuTis, pirvelad,

2006 wels beiruTSi, samecniero forumze

yofnisas Sevxvdi. RonisZiebas

beiruTis amerikis universiteti mar-

Tavda. palestinel avtorTan Sexvedrac,

forumis farglebSi moxda. SekiTxvebi

`me vnaxe ramalasTan” dakav-

SirebiT dausves. nawarmoebiT swored

maSin davinteresdi. wigni momewona imitom,

rom iq adamianuri gancda, emociebi

wina planze dgas. aseT dros,

gadaWarbebuli sentimentalizmis `sa-

SiSroeba” yovelTvis arsebobs, Tumca

al-barRuTi safrTxes ostaturad

icilebs Tavidan. is Zalian gulwrfelia.

poza, romelic damaxasiaTebelia

sakuTar Tavze mTxrobeli adamianisaTvis,

minimumadea dayvanili nawarmoebSi.

momewona is, rom samSoblodakarguli

palestineli poeti agresiuli

da brazisgan gondakarguli

sulac ar aris. is aramxolod imperialisti

dampyroblebisgan miyenebul

zaralze saubrobs, aramed sakuTari

xalxis naklsac kargad xedavs. `me

vnaxe ramala” kidev imitom momewona,

rom masSi cxovrebiseuli gamocdileba

uSualod da poeturadaa asaxuli.

al-barRuTi pirvel rigSi poetia

da es misi prozidanac kargad Cans. ise

moxda, rom ukanaskneli ormocdaaTi

wlis manZilze al-barRuTis samyaro-

Si normaluri da anomaluri movlenebi

erTmaneTs gadaejaWva. xalxs uwevs

Tavisi yoveldRiuri cxovreba istoriuli

eqstremizmis, omebis, emigraciis,

zewolisa da usamarTlobis

pirobebSi gaataros. magaliTad, erTerTi

paradoqsi xuT milionamde

ltolvilad qceuli palestinelisTvis

aris is, rom dabombva, palestinuri

ojaxis gamTlianebasTan, misi

yvela wevris TavmoyrasTan SedarebiT,

naklebmniSvnelovan siaxled aRiqmeba.

al-barRuTi ambobs: `cxovreba arasodes

iqneba ioli. gamartiveba da

gaubraloeba, yovelTvis iqneba Cemi,

rogorc poetis, mteri~.

_ Targmanis gamosvlis Semdeg,

araerTma adamianma paralelebi

qarTul sinamdvilesTan gaavlo.

vici, rom qarTveli devnilebi gamogexmaurnen

– ase gvgonia, wigni

Cvenzea dawerilio...

_ wignis Sesaxeb saintereso recenziebi

gamoaqveynes soxumis saxelmwifo

universitetis profesorebma,

aseve batonma rostom CxeiZem. paralelebze

mec vfiqrobdi, Tumca Targmnis

motivacia es ar yofila. wignSi

saubaria emociaze, devnilobas rom

sdevs; gaucxoebis problema ki, nebismieri

eTnikuri warmomavlobis devnilSi

sruliad adeqvaturia... magaliTad,

wignSi al-barRuTi wers: `adgilebi,

romlebic Cvens survilebSia,

droa, magram mTavari konfliqti xom

adgilebs exeba. isini xels giSlian

imaSi, rom gqondes es adgilebi da

maSasadame, maTTan erTad miaqvT Seni

cxovrebis nawilic~. swored es gancda

uCndebaT Cvens devnilebsac. maT-

Tvis afxazeTi aris dro, romelic iq

gaatares.

_ qarTvel mkiTxvels Tanamedrove

aRmosavluri literaturis nimuSebs,

albaT, kvlavac SesTavazebT...

_ albaT ase iqneba, radgan aRmosavleTTan

bevri ram gvakavSirebs. vfiqrob,

qarTvel mkiTxvels kargad esmis

aRmosavluri literatura. zog

SemTxvevaSi qarTvel mTargmnelebsac

ukeT esmiT aRmosavleli mwerlebisa,

xalxisa, vidre vTqvaT, rusebs an

dasavleT evropelebs. imisaTvis, rom

kargad Targmno, avtors pirovnul

doneze unda gaugo. SeuZlebelia, Tan

zemodan uyurebde da Tan Targmnide

mas.

esaubra Tamar Juruli


14 Targmani literaturuli gazeTi 14 - 27 maisi 2010

Cemi dRevandeli Tema budizmia. me

mogiTxrobT mis xangrZliv Tavgadasavals,

ori aTas xuTasi wlis win rom

daiwyo benaresSi, roca momaval budad

Sobilma nepalelma ufliswulma

sidharaTham Tu gautamam aamoZrava

dharmis borbali, Camoayaliba oTxi

keTilSobiluri WeSmariteba da

dasaxa rvajeradi gza. mogiTxrobT

imas, rac mTavaria msoflio religia-

Ta Soris am yvelaze farTod gavrcelebul

religiaSi. budizmis pirvelsawyisni

ucvlelad arseboben Zveli

welTaRricxvis V saukunidan moyolebuli

dRevandel dRemde, anu, sxva

sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, heraklites,

piTagorasa da Zenonis droidan moyolebuli

im momentamde, roca iaponiaSi

doqtorma suZukim ganmarta misi

safuZvlebi, romlebsac dRemde cvlilebebi

ar ganucdiaT. es religia

Seicavs miTologias, astrologias,

nasesxeb sarwmunoebebs, magias, magram

Cems winaSe mdgari problemis sirTulis

gamo Semovifarglebi mxolod

imaze saubriT, rac saerToa budizmis

sxvadasxva seqtebisaTvis, romlebic

SeiZleba gavaerTianoT hinaianad, anu

`patara etlad~.

uwinares yovlisa, ganvixiloT

budizmis sicocxlisunarianobis sakiTxi,

rasac SeiZleba istoriuli axsna-ganmartebani

moeZebnos, magram yvela

es ganmarteba SemTxveviTi, an, Tu

gnebavT, sadavo da saWoWmano iqneba.

pirveli budizmis religiur SemwynareblobaSi

mdgomareobs. es uCveulo

Semwynarebloba garkveuli epoqebiT

rodia Semofargluli: sxva religiebisgan

gansxvavebiT, budizmi yovel-

Tvis gamoirCeoda SemwynareblobiT.

budizms arasdros miumarTavs

cecxlisa da maxvilisaTvis, arasodes

ufiqria, TiTqos cecxliTa da maxviliT

SeiZleboda rwmenis Canergva.

roca aSokam, indoeTis mbrZanebelma,

budizmi miiRo, arasodes ucdia axali

religiis ZaliT danergva. namdvil

budists Tavisuflad SeuZlia gaxdes

luTeraneli, meTodisti, presbiterianeli,

kalvinisti, sintoisti; SeuZlia

aRiarebdes kaTolicizms, daosizms;

iziarebdes mahmadianur Tu iudeur

sarwmunoebas. da piriqiT, qristians,

iudevels, musulmans ekrZaleba

budizmis aRiareba.

budizmis religiuri Semwynarebloba

misi sisuste ki ara, misi odindeli

Taviseburebaa. budizmi, uwinares

yovlisa, iyo is, rasac Cven iogas vuwodebT.

ras niSnavs sityva `ioga~ is

warmosdgeba laTinuri "jugo"∗-dan.

`jugo~ disciplinaa, romelsac eqvemdebareba

adamiani.

da mere, Tuki vecdebiT gavigoT,


jugo niSnavs `Sekvras~, `mikvras~,

`mibmas~; jugum _ `uRels~ (mTargmn).

ras aswavlida buda

Tavisi pirveli qadagebiT

benaresis `irmis

baRSi~ ori aTasi wlis

winaT, Cven gavigebT

budizms. magram aq saqme

gagebas ki ar exeba,

aramed imas, rom Rrmad,

suliT da xorciT CavwvdeT

mis arss. Tumca budizmi

arc sxeulis realobas

aRiarebs da

arc sulisas. mogvianebiT

vecdebi agixsnaT

es.

magram aris erTi mizezic.

budizmi Zalze

momTxovnia rwmenis mimarT.

es bunebrivia, radganac

yvela religia

rwmenis gamovlenaa. araerTxel

mikiTxavs Cemi

TavisTvis: ras niSnavs

iyo argentineli iyo

argentineli _ niSnavs

grZnobde, rom argentineli

xar. ras niSnavs iyo

budizmi iyo budisti _

ar niSnavs gesmodes

xorxe luis borxesi

b u d i z m i

budizmi, radganac gageba oriode wu-

Tis saqmea; iyo budisti, niSnavs

grZnobde oTx keTilSobilur WeSmaritebas

da rvajerad gzas. Cven ar CavuRrmavdebiT

rvajeradi gzis wvrilmanebs,

radganac es ricxvi dayofisa

da qvedayofis induisturi tradiciisagan

iRebs dasabams, da CavuRrmavdebiT

oTx keTilSobilur WeSmaritebas.

maT garda, arsebobs legendac

budaze. Cven SegviZlia eWvis TvaliT

vuyurebdeT am legendas. me myavs

iaponeli megobari, Zen-budisti, romelsac

didxans da megobrulad vepaeqrebi

xolme. erTxel rogorRac

vuTxari, budas istoriuli realuroba

mwams-meTqi. diax, mwamda da mwams,

rom ori aTas xuTasi wlis winaT cxovrobda

nepaleli ufliswuli sidharaTha

(anu gautama), romelic gaxda

buda, rac fxizels, gabrwyinebuls,

gasxivosnebuls, Cvengan gansxvavebuls

niSnavs; diax _ Cvengan, romelTac gvZinavs

da ZilSi vxedavT am grZel sizmars

_ Cvensav cxovrebas. maxsendeba

joisis fraza: `istoria koSmaruli

sizmaria, saidanac ginda male gamofxizlde~.

ocdaaTi wlis sidharaTham

gaiRviZa da buda gaxda.

me vekamaTebodi am Cems megobar

budists (dabejiTebiT ver vityvi, rom

qristiani var, magram gadaWriT ki SemiZlia

vTqva, rom budisti ara var) da

veubnebodi: `ratom ar unda gvwamdes

ufliswuli sidharaTha, kapilovast-

Si rom daibada qristes Sobamde xuTasi

wlis adre~ is ki pasuxad meubneboda:

`imitom, rom amas araviTari mniSvneloba

ara aqvs. mTavaria gvwamdes

moZRvreba~. man dasZina, vfiqrob,

ufro intuiturad, vidre gacnobierebulad,

rom gwamdes an gainteresebdes

budas istoriuli realoba, _ igivea,

rac maTematikis Seswavlis gaigiveba

piTagorasa Tu niutonis biografiasTan.

Cinuri Tu iaponuri monastris

ber-monazonTa meditaciis erT-erTi

Tema swored imaSi mdgomareobs, rom

saeWvod migaCndes budas arseboba. esaa

erT-erTi im eWvTagani, romelTac

unda Seagonebde sakuTar Tavs WeSmaritebis

sawvdomad.

sxva religiebi ufro met ndobas

moiTxoven. Tu qristianebi varT, WeSmaritebad

unda migvaCndes, rom RvTis

erT-erTi hipostasi adamianis ieramde

daeSva da iudeaSi monaTlul iqna.

Tu musulmanebi varT, WeSmaritebad

unda vracxdeT, rom ar aris RmerTi,

garda alahisa, da muhamedi winaswarmetyvelia

misi. magram Cven SeiZleba

sas budad iqceva.

es arseba irCevs kontinents, sadac

gansxeulebisas unda daibados. budisturi

kosmogoniis mixedviT, samyaro

oTx samkuTxa kontinentadaa danawevrebuli;

centrSi oqros mwvervali

_ merus mTa mdebareobs. zeciuri arseba

im kontinentze ibadeba, romelsac

Seesabameba indoeTi. is irCevs

Tavisi Sobis saukunes da irCevs dedas.

axla ki _ legendis miwieri nawili.

dedamiwaze cxovrobs dedofali _

saxelad `maia~. maia `iluzias~ niSnavs.

dedofali xedavs sizmars, romelic

Cven uCveulod gveCveneba, magram

savsebiT Cveulebrivia indoelebisTvis.

erTxel dedofali, mefe Sudhodanas

meuRle sizmars naxulobs: eqvseSviani

TeTri spilo, oqros mTis

kalTebze moxetiale, umtkivneulod

Sevida mis ferdSi. dedofali iRvi-

Zebs; mefe Tavis astrologebs uxmobs,

romlebic uxsnian, rom dedofali Sobs

Zes, romelic an samyaros mbrZanebeli

iqneba, anda buda _ fxizeli, naTelmosili,

romlis misiac kacTa modgmis

xsnaa. mefe pirvel xvedrs irCevs: mas

surs Svili samyaros mbrZaneblad ixilos.

mivubrundeT eqvseSvian TeTr spilos.

oldenbergis SeniSvniT, indoeT-

Si spilo Sinauri da Cveulebrivi cxovelia.

unda gvaxsovdes (zogjer sasargebloa

mivmarToT istorias), rom

ricxvi eqvsi _ CvenTvis TviTneburi

da uxerxuli ricxvi (aki sams an Svids

vamjobinebT), indoeTSi sul sxvagvarad

aRiqmeba, radganac iq miaCniaT, rom

arsebobs sivrcis eqvsi mimarTuleba:

zeviT, qveviT, win ukan, marjvniv, marcxniv.

eqvseSviani spilo indoelebisaTvis

ucnauroba rodia.

mefe qurum-brahmanebs mouxmobs da

dedofali umtkivneulod mSobiarobs.

meloginis Sesawevnad bodhis wminda xe

dabla xris Tavis totebs. qudbediani

yrma dabadebisTanave oTx nabijs gadadgams:

CrdiloeTiT, samxreTiT, aRmosavleTiT,

dasavleTiT, da, Tanac, lomiviT

buxunebs: `me var uebro, es Cemi

bolo gansxeulebaa~. indoelebs swamT

adrindel gardasxeulebaTa uricxvi

simravle. ufliswuli izrdeba: ai, is

ukve moisaria, uebro mxedari, uebro

mocurave, sworupovari aTleti, ubadlo

kaligrafi da brZenTa Soris sworupovari

(aq Cven SeiZleba gavixsenoT

qristes da mwignobarTa ambavi). Teqvsmeti

wlisa qorwindeba.

mamam icis (astrologebma auwyes),

rom mis vaJs safrTxe emuqreba: SeiZle-

WeSmariti budistebi viyoT da budas

arsebobas ki uarvyofdeT: ase vTqvaT,

SegviZlia vfiqrobdeT, rom misi realurobis

rwmena arsebiTi rodia, _

arsebiTia, moZRvreba gwamdes. WeSmaritad,

legenda budaze imdenad mSvenieria,

rom me aucileblad mogiTxrobT

mas.

frangebi Zalze gulmodgined swavloben

budas legendas. misi daskvna

aseTia: budas cxovreba ambebis mTeli

rigia, xanmokle drois manZilze rom

gadaxda erT, erTaderT kacs. es ambebi

SeiZleba aseTic yofiliyo da iseTic.

budas legenda aRafrTovanebda da

kvlavac aRafrTovanebs milionobiT

adamians. swored am legendiTaa STagonebuli

amdeni mSvenieri suraTi,

skulptura, poema.

budas legenda ganmanaTlebluri

xasiaTisaa. is ar moiTxovs rwmenas.

iaponelebi amtkiceben, rom buda istoriuli

rodia. istoriulia moZRvreba.

legenda caSi iwyeba, sadac cxovrobs

arseba, romelic saukuneebis,

sityva-sityviT, usasrulo aswleulebis

manZilze agrovebs siqveles da

saTnoebas, vidre ar gaicnobierebs,

rom Tavisi uaxloesi gardasxeulebiba

budad _ adamianad iqces, romelic

ixsnis kacTa modgmas, Tuki oTx rames

Seicnobs: siberes, sneulebas, sikvdils

da asketizms. mama sasaxleSi gamoamwyvdevs

da mTel harems Cuqnis

Tavis Zes; qalebis ricxvs ar davasaxeleb,

radganac is ganpirobebulia metismetobisaken

swrafviT, rac esoden

niSneulia indoelebisaTvis. Tumca

ratomac ar unda vTqva: oTxmocdaoTxi

aTasze metni iyvnen.

ufliswuli bednierad cxovrobs.

man ar icis, rom qveynad arsebobs tanjva,

radganac umalaven siberes,

sneulebas da sikvdils. daniSnul

dRes Tavisi sazeimo etliT sasaxlis

oTxi sworkuTxa karibWidan erT-erTi

bWiT gamodis. ramdenime nabijis Semdeg

ucnaur arsebas xedavs, yvelasagan

gansxvavebuls, vinc ki manamde unaxavs:

mobRunkuls, danaoWebuls da

Tmagacvenils, ris vaivaglaxiT rom

milaslasebs, joxs dayrdnobili.

ufliswuli kiTxulobs: vinaa es ubeduri:

adamians ki Camohgavs, magram

marTla adamianiao meetle pasuxobs:

es berikacia; yvelani mas davemgvanebiT,

Tuki siberes mivaRwevTo.

Semcbari ufliswuli sasaxleSi

brundeba. eqvsi dRis Semdeg samxreTis

bWiT xelaxla gadis sasaxlidan. galavanTan

kidev ufro ucnaur arsebas _

keTrisgan saxedasaxiCrebul da sisxldawretil

kacs xedavs. kiTxulobs,

vinaa es kaci, Tuki SeiZleba amas kaci

ewodoso. _ avadmyofio, _ miugebs

meetle, _ yvelani amas davemgvanebiT,

Tuki suli SegvrCao.

SeSfoTebuli ufliswuli kvlav

sasaxleSi brundeba. eqvsi dRis Semdeg

isev gamodis sasaxlidan da xedavs adamians,

romelic cocxali gegonebodaT,

kanis fers sicocxlis niSanwyali

rom SerCenoda. _ vin ariso, _

kiTxulobs ufliswuli. _ mkvdario,

_ miugebs meetle. _ yvelani mas davemgvanebiT,

Tuki karga xans vicocxlebT.

ufliswuls sasowarkveTa ipyrobs.

mis winaSe sami gamaognebeli WeSmariteba

gaixsna: WeSmariteba siberisa,

WeSmariteba sneulebisa, WeSmariteba

sikvdilisa. meoTxejerac gamodis. xedavs

naxevrad SiSvel kacs, saxeze simSvide

rom gadahfenia. kiTxulobs, vin

ariso. pasuxad esmis: es asketia, romelmac

uaryo yvelaferi da miaRwia

naTelmosilebas.

amnairi sulieri cxovreba ufliswuls

gadaawyvetinebs yvelafers

zurgi aqcios. budisturi moZRvrebis

Tanaxmad, asketizmi naTelmosilebis

miRwevis erT-erTi gzaa, magram jer

sicocxlis sitkboeba unda igemo. ar

SeiZleba yvelafris uaryofiT daiwyo.

aucilebelia bolomde dacalo

sicocxlis fiala, da mxolod Semdeg

aiyaro guli am cxovrebaze. magram

cnobiT ki unda icnobde mas.

ufliswuli gadawyvets buda

gaxdes. magram swored am dros axareben:

Senma colma vaJi Sobao. ufliswuli

wamoiZaxebs: `jaWvi momdeso~,

rac imas niSnavs, rom Svili sicocxles

ajaWvavs. amitom axalSobils

`jaWvs~ arqmeven saxelad. sidharaTha

Tavis haremSi Sedis. xedavs sicocxliT

savse mSvenier qalebs, magram maxinj

da keTrovan dedabrebad aRiqvams

maT. mere sanTiobos miaSurebs. qals sZinavs.

xelSi patara uWiravs. ufliswuli

kocnas upirebs, magram icis, rom

Tu akoca, wasvlas veRar SeZlebs, da

midis.

moZRvrebs daeZebs. aq iwyeba biografiis

is nawili, romelic SeiZleba

arc iyos legendaruli. rad unda

vsaxavdeT imaT Segirdad, visac is Semdeg

miatovebs moZRvrebi asketizms

aswavlian, raSiac karga xans iwafavs

Tavs. bolos da bolos, trial mindorSi

toveben. misi sxeuli uZravia, da

RvTaebebs, ocdacameti zecidan rom

dascqerian, hgoniaT ukve mokvdao. magram

erT-erTi maTgani, yvelaze brZeni,

ambobs: `ara, ki ar momkvdara, aramed

budad iqcevao~. ufliswuli iRvi-

Zebs da iqve, maxloblad moCuxCuxe


14 - 27 maisi 2010

wyaros miaSurebs. wyurvils moiklavs

da wminda bodhis _ codnis xis qveS

moikalaTebs.

amas mosdevs saswaulebrivi gadaxveva,

eSmakTan brZolis saxarebiseul

siuJets rom exmianeba. eSmaks mara

hqvia. es sityva ismis Rameuli eSmas _

"nightmare"∗-is saxelSi. eSmaki grZnobs,

rom mbrZaneblobs qveynad, magram aw

ukve safrTxe emuqreba, da is Tavis

sasaxles tovebs. gawyda misi sakravis

simebi, suraSi ki wyali amoSra. is saCqarod

krebs Tavis laSqars, kazmavs spilos,

romelic, RmerTma uwyis, ramdeni

utevanis simaRlisaa, amravlebs

rogorc Tavisi xelebis, ise saWurvlis

ricxvsac, da ufliswulis winaaRmdeg

saomrad midis.

saRamoxans ufliswuli codnis xis

qveS zis, masTan erTad rom movlenia

qveynierebas. eSmaki mTeli Tavisi laSqriTurT,

lomebis, vefxebis, spiloebisa

da aqlemebisagan rom Sedgeba, ufliswuls

setyvasaviT ayris isrebs; magram

rogorc ki uaxlovdebian samiznes,

isrebi yvavilebad iqcevian. budas

cecxlis zvavi atydeba Tavs, magram

is mis zemoT laplapa gavalaks qmnis.

gulxeldakrefili da uZravad mjdomare

ufliswuli WvretaSi inTqmeba.

SesaZloa, verc amCnevs, rom Tavs

esxmian. gaxevebuli sicocxlis arsze

fiqrobs. da, amrigad, uaxlovdeba nirvanas

_ xsnas. mzis Casvlisas eSmaki

ukve Zleulia. kontemplaciis grZeli

Rame ki kvlavac grZeldeba. ganTiadisas

sidharaTha ukve sidharaTha ki

aRaraa, aramed _ buda. man miaRwia nirvanas.

is gadawyvets iqadagos Tavisi

moZRvreba da fexze dgeba. man ukve ixsna

Tavisi Tavi, axla ki sxvebic unda

ixsnas. Tavdapirvelad benaresSi, `irmis

baRSi~ qadagebs; amas mosdevs meore

qadageba, sadac buda ambobs, rom yvelaferi

cecxlis alSia gaxveuli: sxeulic,

sulic, sagnebic _ yvelaferi

iwvis. daaxloebiT amave dros heraklite

efeseli ambobs, rom cecxlia yvelaferi.

budas moZRvreba asketizmi rodia,

radganac asketizmi, misi azriT, Secdomaa.

adamianma xeli rodi unda aiRos

xorciel cxovrebaze, _ imis gamo, rom

xorcieli cxovreba mdabalia, arakeTilSobiluri,

Seuracxmyofeli da

avadmyofuri, _ da arc asketizmze,

romelic aseve arakeTilSobiluria da

avadmyofuri. is qadagebs keTilSobilur

saSualo gzas (visargebloT Teologiuri

terminologiiT). man miaRwia

nirvanas, magram kvlav, ormoc

welze metxans cocxlobs, romlebsac

qadagebas uZRvnis. mas SeeZlo ukvdavi

gamxdariyo, magram roca ukve bevri

mowafe hyavs, TviTonve irCevs Tavisi

sikvdilis moments.

is mWedlis saxlSi kvdeba, sasomixdili

mowafeebiT garSemortymuli.

ra eSvelebaT umisod buda eubneba maT,

rom is, arsebiTad, arc aris; rom ise-

Tivea, rogorc yvela maTgani; maTsaviT

ararealuri da mokvdavi; da Tavis

moZRvrebas utovebs maT. am mxriv, is

principulad gansxvavdeba qristesagan.

iesos, Cemi azriT, SeuZlia uTxras

Tavis mowafeebs, rom Tuki Seiyrebian

orni, TviTon iqneba mesame. buda sxvagvarad

fiqrobs; is eubneba maT: Cems

moZRvrebas gianderZebTo. sxva sityvebiT,

Tavisi pirveli qadagebisas man

aamoZrava dharmis borbali. amas iqiT

budizmis istoria iwyeba. masSi bevri

ram xdeba: lamaizmis, magiuri budizmis,

mahaianas, anu `didi etlis~ budizmis

warmoSoba, hinaianas, anu `mcire

budizmis~ gagrZelebad rom gvevlineba,

Zen-budizmis gavrceleba iaponia-

Si.

Cemi azriT, budizmSi arsebobs ori

_ urTierTmsgavsi da lamis Tanmxvedri

mimarTuleba: pirveli budas

qadagebebisgan iRebs dasabams; mas am-

Jamad CineTsa da iaponiaSi aswavlian

da Zen-budizmad iwodeba. meore mi-

Tologiuri danaSrevebia, zRaprebi.

*

koSmari (ingl.).

sainteresoa zogierTi am zRaparTagani.

cnobilia, rom budas SeeZlo saswaulebis

moxdena, magram ieso qristesi

ar iyos, arc mas uyvarda saswaulebi

da es barbarosul sanaxaobad

miaCnda. aq gadmogcemT sandalozis

burTulis ambavs.

indoeTis romeliRac qalaqSi

erTi vaWari brZanebs sandalozis xisgan

gamoWran eqvsi burTula, romlebsac

lerwmis gasapnuli grZeli joxis

Tavze aTavsebs da ambobs, sandalozis

burTulas imas mivcem, vinc mas miswvdebao.

modis ramdenime aramarTlmorwmune

moqadage, magram vercerTi

ver asrulebs pirobas. cdiloben

vaWari moisyidon da aTqmevinon, TiTqos

maT SeZles CamoeRoT burTula.

vaWari civ uarzea, da maSin masTan midis

budas umcrosi Segirdi, visi saxelic,

am epizodis garda, arsad ar ixsenieba.

Segirdi haerSi aiweva, eqvsjer

Semoufrens burTulas, moxsnis

da vaWars miarTmevs. es ambavi budas

yuramde miaRwevs da amnairi mkrexelobiT

ganrisxebuli morwmuneTa

Temidan aZevebs Segirds.

Tumca buda TviTonve axdenda

saswaulebs. magaliTad, Tavazianobis

saswauls. SuadRisas udabno unda

gadaesera. ocdacamet caze msxdomare

RmerTebi Crdils afendnen

Tavze. budas ar undoda romelime

maTgani moemdurebina da ocdacamet

budad iqca, raTa TviTeul RmerTs

daenaxa mis mier Crdildanafeni.

literaturuli gazeTi

nis gemo. ra Tqma unda, budas mimdevrebi

daexetebodnen da, albaT, xvdebodnen

kidec erTmaneTs metafizikuri

paeqrobebisas, magram budizmis

arsi am paeqrobebSi rodia. budisti

SeiZleba aRiarebdes nebismier religias,

Tuki imavdroulad moZRvrebis

arss misdevs. arsebiTia mxolod xsna

da oTxi keTilSobiluri moZRvreba:

tanjva, tanjvis mizezi, tanjvisgan

gankurneba da misi gankurnebis saSualeba.

uzenaesi mizani nirvanaa. WeSmaritebaTa

rigs mniSvneloba ara aqvs.

miiCneven, rom isini Seesabamebian Zvel

samedicino tradicias, romelSiac

msjeloben borotebaze, diagnozze,

mkurnalobasa da gankurnebaze. am Sem-

TxvevaSi gankurneba swored nirvanaa.

axla ki rTul sakiTxebs vuaxlovdebiT.

imas, ris uaryofasac Cveni

dasavluri goneba cdilobs. CvenTvis

gardasxeuleba, uwinares yovlisa, poeturi

cnebaa. budistisaTvis suli ki

ar gardasxeuldeba, ramdenadac budizmi

uaryofs sulis arsebobas, aramed

_ karma, cnobierebis Taviseburi

struqtura, romelsac usasrulod

gardasxeulebis unari Seswevs. dasavleTSi

es idea ukavSirdeba sxvadasxva

moazrovnis saxelebs, uwinares yovlisa,

piTagorasas. piTagoram icno

fari, romliTac troas omSi ibrZoda,

magram maSin mas sxva saxeli erqva. `saxelmwifos~

meaTe wignSi platoni aRgviwers

meomris _ saxelad er-is sizmars.

es meomari xedavs imaT sulebs,

budistur arakebs Soris gansakuTrebiT

RirsSesaniSnavia erTi _

isris araki. brZolaSi daWril meomars

ar unda isari amouRon. Tavdapirvelad,

mas surs gaigos mSvildosnis

saxeli; kasta, romelsac is ekuTvnis;

masala, romlisganac damzadebulia

isari; adgili, sadac mSvildosania

da isris sigrZe. vidre yovelive

amas gaarkvevdnen, daWrili kvdeba.

`magram me gaswavliT, _ ambobs buda,

_ isris amoRebas~. am igavSi isari samyaroa,

Cveni pirovnebisa da yovelive

imis idea, rac moqceulia CvenSi. buda

ambobs, rom fuWi kiTxvebis gulisTvis

ar unda vkargavdeT dros. ase magaliTad,

ras gvargebs imis gageba, sasrulia

samyaro Tu usasrulo anda

nirvanis Semdegac icocxlebs buda Tu

ara yovelive es araarsebiTia. arsebiTi

ki isris amoRebaa. saqme exeba Selocvas,

xsnis kanons.

buda ambobs: `msgavsad imisa, rogorc

mTeli okeanis wyals mxolod

erTi gemo aqvs _ mlaSe, Cems moZRvrebasac

mxolod erTi gemo aqvs _ xsnisa~.

moZRvreba, romelsac qadagebs

buda, uzarmazaria, rogorc okeane,

magram mxolod erTi gemo aqvs _ xsromlebic,

vidre daviwyebis mdinaris

wyals Sesvamdnen, Tav-TavianT beds

irCeven. agamemnoni irCevs arwivs, orfevsi

_ geds, odisevsi ki, erTxel

`arvin~ rom dairqva, kacTa Soris yvelaze

mokrZalebulisa da ucnobis beds

irCevs.

empedokle akraganteli erTgan

igonebs Tavis gardasul sicocxleTa

ambavs: `me viyavi qaliSvili, viyavi

rto, viyav yorani, viyavi zRvis mier

Sobili munji Tevzi~. cezari am cnebis

warmomavlobas druidebs ukavSirebs.

kelti poeti taleisini ambobs,

am qveynad ar moiZebneba forma, me rom

ar vyofiliyavio: `me vsardlobdi

brZolas, me viyavi maxvili xelSi, viyavi

samoci mdinaris napirTa SemaerTebi

xidi, wylis qafad viqec, viyav

varskvlavi, viyav sinaTle, viyavi xe,

viyav sityva wignis furcelze, dasabamiT

ki wigni viyavi~. ruben darios

aqvs leqsi _ SesaZloa, yvelaze mSvenieri

mis leqsebs Soris, _ romelic

ase iwyeba: `me viyavi meomari, dedofal

kleopatras sarecelze rom eZina~.

gardasxeulebis Temas didi adgili

eWira literaturaSi. masve vxvdebiT

mistikosebTanac. plotini ambobs,

Targmani

15

gind erTi sicocxlidan gadasulxar

meore sicocxleSi, da gind erTi sawolidan

gadaginacvlebia dasaZineblad

meore oTaxSi mdgar sawolzeo.

me mgonia, TviTeul Cvengans erTxel

mainc hqonia iseTi gancda, TiTqos amnairi

wami ukve gangvecados ama Tu im

wina gansxeulebisas. dante gabriel

rosetis mSvenier leqsSi _ `anazdeuli

naTeli~ vkiTxulobT: "I have been here

before"∗. is mimarTavs qals, romelsac

flobda an awi daeufleba, da eubneba

mas: `Sen Cemi xar, usasrulod mravaljer

yofilxar Cemi da mTeli maradisobis

manZilzec Cemi iqnebi~. es Cven

gvagonebs budizmisaTvis esoden niSneul

`ciklTa doqtrinas~, netari avgustine

rom epaeqreba `uflis qalaq-

Si~.

saqme isaa, rom Zveli istorikosebi

da piTagorelebi icnobdnen induistur

moZRvrebas, romlis Tanaxmadac

samyaro ciklTa usasrulo simravlisagan

Sedgeba, romlebic izomebian

kalpebiT. kalpa adamianuri warmosaxvis

unars aRemateba. warmovidginoT

Teqvsmeti aTasi kilometris simaRlis

rkinis kedeli, romelsac yovel eqvsas

weliwadSi erTxel benaresuli sifrifana

qsoviliT wmends angelozi.

rodesac es Teqvsmeti aTasi kilometris

simaRlis kedeli daileva, kalpis

mxolod pirveli dRe gaivlis. RmerTebi

imdenxans cocxloben, ramden

xansac grZeldeba kalpa. Semdeg ki

kvdebian.

msoflio istoria ciklebad iyofa.

am ciklebs Soris Tavs iCens uzarmazar

sicarieleTa simravle, roca araferi

ar xdeba, anda arseboben mxolod

vedebis wignTa sityvebi. es sityvebi

arqetipebia, dasabams rom aZleven sagnebs.

TviT RvTaeba brahmac kvdeba da kvlav

ibadeba. arsebobs erTi gulis-

SemZvreli Tqmuleba brahmaze, Tavis

sasaxleSi rom cxovrobs. erTi amnairi

sicarielis Semdeg brahma gardaiqmneba,

is daseirnobs sruliad dacarielebul

darbazebSi da sxva RvTaebebze

fiqrobs. misi nebiT Cndebian sxva

RmerTebi, romlebsac swamT: brahmam

imitom Seqmna isini, rom uwinac aq iyo

maTi savane.

yuradReba SevaCeroT samyaros istoriis

am xilvaze. budizmi ara scnobs

erT RmerTs; anu, ufro sworad, Sei-

Zleba erTi RmerTi iyos, magram es

araarsebiTia. arsebiTia is, rom Cvens

beds Cvenive karma gansazRvravs. is,

rom me mewera 1899 wels davbadebuliyavi

buenos airesSi; isic, rom am saRamos

es leqcia unda wamekiTxa Tqven-

Tvis, da isic, rom Tvalis Cini unda

damSretoda, _ yovelive es winaswar

gansazRvruli iyo yvela Cemi uwindeli

gardasxeulebiT. da swored amitom

iwodeba es karmad. karma, rogorc

mogaxseneT, esaa struqtura cnobierebisa,

unatifesi azrobrivi struqtura.

Cven yovelwamierad vqsovT da vxlarTavT

Cvens karmas. mas qsoven ara

marto Cveni miswrafebani da Cveni moqmedebani,

aramed Cveni mosvenebac, Cveni

naxevrad Tvlemac: Cven gamudmebiT

vqsovT mas. rodesac vkvdebiT, ibadeba

sxva arseba, Cvenive karmis memkvidre.

deiseni, Sopenhaueris mowafe, budizmis

didi pativismcemeli, gviambobs,

rogor Sexvda indoeTSi erT brma

maTxovars da Seibrala. maTxovarma ki

uTxra: `me Tu brmad davibade, maSasadame,

esaa Cems mier yvela uwindeli

dabadebisas Cadenili codvis sasjeli.

ase rom, Cemi sibrmave savsebiT samarTlianiao~.

am adamianebisTvis misaRebia

tkivili. gandi winaaRmdegi iyo

saavadmyofoebis daarsebisa da ambobda:

saavadmyofoebi da saqvelmoqmedo

dawesebulebani mxolod aferxeben valis

gadaxdas da amitom ara Rirs SevewioT

gaWirvebulTo; Tu isjebian, ese

igi, wilad xvdomiaT tanjva, radganac

dasasruli me-16 gverdze

*

`aq uwin vyofilvar~ (ingl.).


16 Targmani literaturuli gazeTi

im codvebisTvis itanjebian, romlebic

unda gamoisyidon, da Tu me Sevewevi

maT, mxolod vaferxeb valis gadaxdaso.

karma sastiki moZRvrebaa, magram

misTvis niSneulia saintereso ariTmetikuli

progresia: mTeli Cemi awindeli

sicocxle winaswarve gansazRvrulia

Cemi uwindeli sicocxliT,

romelic, Tavis mxriv, gansazRvruli

iqneboda misive winamorbediT, da ase

Semdeg, dausrulebliv. ese igi, aso `h~

gansazRvruli iqneboda aso `j~-Ti, `j~

_ aso `x~-Ti, `x~ aso _ `W~-Ti; mxolod

am anbans dasasruli aqvs, magram ara

aqvs dasawyisi. saerTod, budistebi

usasrulobas dRevandeli realobiT

iTvlian; maTi azriT, dRevandel dRemde

usasrulod didi xani gavida; amitom

`usasrulobao~, rom amboben, isini

ama Tu im usasrulobas an aRuracxadobas

ki ar gulisxmoben, aramed saku-

Triv `usasrulobas~.

eqvsi bedidan, rac nebadarTulia

adamianTaTvis (mavani SeiZleba iyos

demoni, mcenare, cxoveli), yvelaze

rTuli bedia _ iyo adamiani, da Cven

Tavis saxsnelad unda vsargeblobdeT

amiT.

buda warmoidgens zRvis siRrmeSi

mobinadre kus da zRvaze motivtive

mors. yovel eqvsas weliwadSi ku erTxel

amoyvinTavs wylidan, da uiSviaTesi

damTxveva iqneboda, moris naxvret-

Si rom amoeyo Tavi. amrigad, buda ambobs:

`adamianad Sobis bedniereba iseve

nakleb savaraudoa, rogorc is, rom

kum swored moris naxvretSi amoyos

Tavi. Cven unda visargebloT Cveni adamianuri

arsebobiT, raTa mivaRwioT

nirvanas~.

ra aris tanjvis mizezi, sicocxlis

mizezi, Tuki Cven uarvyofT RmerTis

ideas, Tuki ar arsebobs samyaros Semoqmedi

erTi RmerTi amis mizezad buda

Zens saxavs. sityva `Zeni~ SeiZleba ucnauradac

mogeCvenoT, magram, modiT,

CvenTvis cnobil sxva sityvebs SevadaroT

igi.

davufiqrdeT, magaliTad, Sopenhaueris

`nebas~. Sopenhaueri samyaros

ganixilavs `rogorc nebas da warmodgenas~.

arsebobs TviTeul CvenganSi

ganxorcielebuli neba, romlis wyalobiTac

ibadeba samyaros warmomqmneli

warmodgena. sxva moazrovneTa

naazrevSi Cven vxedavT amave ideas, mxolod

mas sxva saxeli hqvia. bergsoni

msjelobs sasicocxlo impulsze, bernard

Sou _ sasicocxlo Zalaze, rac,

arsebiTad, erTi da igivea. magram arsebobs

sxvaobac: bergsonisa da SousTvis

sasicocxlo impulsi _ esaa

Zala, romelsac aucileblad unda

vmorCilebdeT. Cven Semdgomac unda

warmovidgendeT samyaros da vqmnideT

mas. SopenhauerisTvis, bneli SopenhauerisTvis

_ da budasaTvis _ samyaro

sizmaria. Cven unda SevwyvitoT

misi warmodgena da SegviZlia xangr-

Zlivi wvrTniT mivaRwioT amas. pirveli

maTgani _ esaa Zeni, romelic aris

tanjva. Zeni Sobs sicocxles, sicocxle

ki _ garemoebaTa ZaliT _ ubedurebaa.

maS, raRas niSnavs sicocxle

sicocxle niSnavs dabadebas, siberes,

sneulebas, sikvdils. da sxva ubedurebaTa

Soris _ erTi, budas yvelaze

saSinel ubedurebad rom esaxeba, _ ar

viyoT maTTan, vinc gviyvars.

Semdeg unda veridoT vnebebs. TviTmkvleloba

ar ivargebs, radgan es

vnebiani saqcielia. TviTmkvleli samudamod

sizmrebis samyaroSi rCeba.

unda gvesmodes, rom samyaro moCvenebaa,

sizmari, da TviT sicocxlec

sizmaria. magram Rrmad unda SevigrZnoT

es, azrobrivi wvrTniT vewioT

amas. budistur monastrebSi erT-erTi

meditacia aseTia: neofitma Rrmad

unda ganicados Tavisi sicocxlis

yoveli wami, mTeli arsebiT mieces

amas. unda fiqrobdes: axla SuadRea,

axla gavdivar ezodan, axla Sevxvdebi

bonzas; imavdroulad ki unda esmodes,

rom SuadRec, ezoc, bonzac iseve irrealuria,

rogorc TviTon da misi

azri, radgan budizmi uaryofs individualobas.

erT-erTi udidesi imedgacrueba

`me~-sadmi imedgacruebaa. am mxriv,

budizmi iumis, Sopenhaueris, Cveni

masedonio fernandesis azrs emTxveva.

subieqti ar arsebobs, arsebobs mxolod

azrobriv mdgomareobaTa rigi.

Tu vambob _ `me vTvli~, maSasadame,

vcdebi, radganac vgulisxmob ama Tu

im garkveuli subieqtis da, maSasadame,

azrovnebis _ misi qmediTobis nayofis

arsebobasac. maSasadame, unda gveTqva,

xazs usvams iumi, ara `me vTvli~,

aramed _ `iTvleba~, iseve, rogorc

amboben `cris~. roca Cven vambobT _

`quCaSi cris~, imas ki ar vgulisxmobT,

rom viRaca axdens moqmedebas, aramed

_ imas, rom `raRaca xdeba~. zustad

aseve vambobT _ `quCaSi cxela~, `qu-

CaSi civa~. diax, Cven unda vambobdeT

_ `igrZnoba~, `miiCneva~, da Tavs varidebdeT

subieqts.

budistur monastrebSi neofitebi

usastikes disciplinas eqvemdebarebian.

maT SeuZliaT miatovon monasteri,

roca moeprianebaT. maria kodama miambobda,

rom gvarebis registrireba

saerTod ar xdeba. monasterSi SesvlisTanave

umZimes samuSaos asrulebineben.

dasaZineblad dawolils Txu-

Tmetiode wuTSi aRviZeben: unda recxos

da dagavos; mZinares ki sastikad

sjian. amrigad, is iZulebulia gamudmebiT

fiqrobdes, magram Tavis codvebze

ki ara, aramed yovelive arsebulis

irrealurobaze. is iZulebulia

gamudmebuli TviTwvrTniT aRwevdes

samyaros irrealurobis SegrZnebas.

aq ki Cven mivadgebiT Zen-budizms da

bodhidharmas. bodhidharma iyo pirveli

misioneri; cxovrobda VI saukune-

Si. indoeTidan CineTSi gadadis da imperators

xvdeba, romelmac budizmi

miiRo. is misioners acnobs monastrebisa

da taZrebis saxelebs da neofit

budistTa ricxvs usaxelebs. bodhidharma

ambobs: `yovelive es iluziebis

samyaros kuTvnilebaa; monastrebic

da berebic iseve ararealurni arian,

rogorc me da Sen~. Semdeg ki meditaciaSi

inTqmeba da kedelTan jdeba.

moZRvreba iaponias aRwevs da sxvadasxva

mimarTulebebad ganitoteba.

maT Soris yvelaze cnobili Zen-budizmia.

mis wiaRSi mikvleul iqna sa-

Sualeba, romlis meSveobiTac miiRweva

naTelmosileba. es saSualeba qmediTia

mxolod meditaciis ramdenime

wlis Semdeg. naTelmosilebas anazdeulad

aRweven: silogizmebis rigze

laparakic ki zedmetia. WeSmaritebas

myisierad SeigrZnobT. am saSualebas

satori ewodeba, da is ganpirobebulia

moulodneli

garemoebiT, romelic

logikis miRma Zevs.

Cven yovelTvis obieqtis,

subieqtis, mizezis,

Sedegis, logikisa Tu

alogikuris cnebebiT

vazrovnebT; unda uarvyoT

yvela es kategoria.

Zen-budizmis moZRvari ambobs:

WeSmariteba azris

anazdeuli gaelvebiT miiRweva,

rac pasuxis

alogikurobis wyalobiT

xdeba. neofiti ekiTxeba

moZRvars: vin aris buda

moZRvari miugebs: `kviparosi

bostania~. sruliad

alogikuri pasuxi, romlis

wyalobiTac aRweven We-

Smaritebas. neofiti kiTxulobs:

ratom movida bodhidharma

dasavleTidan

moZRvarma SeiZleba miugos:

`sami girvanqa seli~.

am sityvebSi ar aris alegoriuli

azri. maTSi moqceuli

pasuxi uazroa, magram

miznad isaxavs

gaaRviZos intuicia. mowafe

raRacas ekiTxeba, moZRvars

SeuZlia pasuxad

gaartyas. ai, magaliTad, uTuod legendaruli

igavi bodhidharmaze.

bodhidharmas Tan axlda erTi mowafe,

kiTxvas kiTxvaze rom ayrida,

moZRvari ki ar pasuxobda. mowafe cdilobda

meditaciaSi danTqmuliyo. cota

xnis Semdeg marcxena xeli moikve-

Ta, moZRvars win daudo imis niSnad,

rom undoda misi mowafe gamxdariyo

da Tavisi survilis dasturad ganzrax

daisaxiCra Tavi. moZRvarma yuradReba

ar miaqcia am ambavs, rac, bolos

da bolos, materialuri, anu iluzoruli

movlena iyo, da _ `ra gindao~

_ hkiTxa. `didxans veZebdi Cems gonebas

da ver vipoveo~, _ uTxra mowafem.

moZRvarma mokled mouWra: `ver ipove

imitom, rom ar arsebobso~. maSin mowafem

Seicno WeSmariteba, mixvda, rom is

rogorc pirovneba ar arsebobs, da

irwmuna, rom samyaroSi yvelaferi

ararealuria. ai, daaxloebiT, Zen-budizmis

arsi.

Zalze Znelia religiaze msjeloba,

miT umetes, maSin, roca misi aRmsarebeli

ara xar. Cemi azriT, arsebi-

Tia budizms igavTa TamaSad ki ar aRiqvamde,

aramed _ qcevis kodeqsad,

romelsac SeiZleba mivmarToT da

romelic askezas ar moiTxovs Cvengan.

is kidev ufro naklebad gvrTavs imis

nebas, rom mTeli arsebiT miveceT xorcieli

cxovrebis Tavisuflebas. is

Cvengan moiTxovs, uwinares yovlisa,

14 - 27 maisi 2010

meditacias, magram ara Cveni codvebisa

Tu Cvens mier gancdilis Temaze.

Zen-budizmSi meditaciis erT-erTi

Temaa fiqri gancdilis iluzorulobis

Sesaxeb. budisti mRvdeli rom vyofiliyavi,

megoneboda TiTqos es-esaa

daviwye cxovreba da mTeli Cemi uwindeli

yofa sizmari iyo. inteleqtualuri

wvrTnis wyalobiT Cven Tanda-

TanobiT vTavisufldebiT Zenisgan.

rogorc ki SevignebT, rom Cven rogorc

pirovnebebi ar varsebobT, saer-

Tod vwyvetT imaze fiqrs, TiTqos Sei-

Zleba bednierebi viyoT da aRarc Cvens

movaleobad miviCnevT bednierebisaken

swrafvas. Cven mivaRwevT simSvides.

Tumca es imas rodi niSnavs, TiTqos

nirvanis mdgomareoba sulis simSvides

Seesabameba, rasac gvidasturebs legenda

budas Sesaxeb. bodhis wminda xis

qveS mjdomare buda nirvanis mdgomareobas

aRwevs, magram, ra Tqma unda,

mravali wlis manZilze cocxlobs da

kvlavac ganagrZobs Tavisi moZRvrebis

qadagebas.

ras niSnavs nirvanis mdgomareobis

miRweva es niSnavs, rom Cveni moqmedeba

Crdils aRar fens. sanam am qveynad

vcxovrobT, karmas veqvemdebarebiT.

Cveni yoveli moqmedeba ganwonilia

cnobierebis im struqturiT, karmad

rom iwodeba. nirvanis mdgomareobis

miRwevisas Cveni moqmedeba Crdils

ukve aRar fens, Cven Tavisufalni

varT. wmida avgustine∗ ambobda: roca

xsnilni varT, raSi gvWirdeba sikeTesa

da borotebaze msjelobao. Cven mxolod

sikeTes viqmT, ise, rom arc

vfiqrobT amaze.

ra aris nirvana budasadmi interesi

dasavleTSi upiratesad gamowveulia

am mSvenieri sityvis wyalobiT.

warmoudgeneli Cans, rom sityva `nirvana~

ar imarxavdes ama Tu im faseulobas.

mainc ras niSnavs uSualod

`nirvana~ esaa Caqroba, damSvideba,

dacxroma. uwin miaCndaT, rom Tu vinme

nirvanis mdgomareobas miaRwevs, lampariviT

qreba. mkvdari nirvanaSi gadadis,

rasac Tana sdevs damSvideba. magram

yvelaferi piriqiT xdeba. erTma

avstrielma orientalistma SeniSna,

rom budas msjelobis amosavali

wertili iyo misi epoqis fizikuri

warmodgenebi, Caqrobis idea ki maSin

iseTi rodi iyo, rogoric dRes aris:

miaCndaT, rom Caqrobisas ali ki ar

qreba, aramed sxva hipostasiT kvlavac

arsebobs. amitom `nirvana~, pirdapiri

gagebiT, Caqrobas ki ar niSnavs, aramed

imas, rom Cven sxvagvarad ganvagrZobT

arsebobas. saerTod, mistikosTa metaforebi

ritorikuli metaforebia; magram

isini sul sxvagvarni arian budistTa

Soris. nirvanaze msjelobisas

nirvanis Rvinos, nirvanis vards an

nirvanis xvevnas rodi gulisxmoben.

nirvana SeiZleba kunZuls SevadaroT

zRvis aboboqrebul talRebSi. Tumca

is SeiZleba SevadaroT baRsac. nirvana

raRac TavisTavad arsebulia, Cveni

gagebis miRmuri.

yvelaferi, rac dRes giambeT, fragmentulia.

absurduli iqneboda TqvenTvis

gadmomeca religiuri moZRvreba,

romelsac amdeni weli mivuZRveni

da romelic sustad mesmis, _ samuzeumo

eqsponatis demonstrirebis mizniT.

CemTvis budizmi samuzeumo eqsponati

ki ara, gzaa xsnisa. da ara marto Cem-

Tvis, aramed milionobiT adamianisTvisac.

budizmi msoflios yvelaze

farTod gavrcelebuli religiaa, da,

vgoneb, Cems dRevandel leqciaSi sakmaod

mokrZalebuli viyavi mis mimarT.

Targmna baCana bregvaZem

*

avgustine kaTolikeebisaTvis

wmidania, CvenTvis _ netari (mTargmn.).

literaturuli gazeTi

gamodis saqarTvelos kulturis, ZeglTa dacvisa

da sportis saministros finansuri mxardaWeriT

redaqtori irakli javaxaZe

redaqtoris moadgile uCa SerazadiSvili

Jurnalistebi xaTuna alxaziSvili, nana kobaiZe, Tamar Juruli

tel.: 292196; mob. tel.: (877)742277; (899)269852; e-mail: litgazeti@yahoo.com

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