qarTuli

eqe.ge

qarTuli

nino gordelaZe • gvanca Cxenkeli • TinaTin kuxianiZe

qarTuli

ena da literatura

pedagogis

sasaCuqre egzemplari

moswavlis wigni

6


teqstebi

Tavi I

ametyvelebuli buneba

mTani maRalni vaJa-fSavela 12

quCi vaJa-fSavela 16

nekerCxlis wiTeli foToli revaz inaniSvili 25

TuTa ana kalandaZe 28

Tavi II

da me vigoneb...

wamye beTaniisaken galaktion tabiZe 34

xazarula nawili pirveli nodar dumbaZe 35

xazarula nawili meore nodar dumbaZe 39

xazarula nawili mesame nodar dumbaZe 44

Cveni Werami giorgi leoniZe 49

aleqsandre yazbegi biografia 55

namwyemsaris mogonebani aleqsandre yazbegi 56

bardnala lado asaTiani 60

Tavi III

sibrZne sicruisa

sulxan-saba orbeliani biografia 66

mTieli da kaklis xe (igav-araki) sulxan-saba orbeliani 67

aqlemi da viri (igav-araki) sulxan-saba orbeliani 70

mefe da avsityva (igav-araki) sulxan-saba orbeliani 71

usamarTlo SirvanSahi (igav-araki) sulxan-saba orbeliani 76

Tavi IV

legendebSi Semonaxuli warsuli

sparsi istorikosis Canaweri SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti 80

baxtrionis aReba xalxuri 82

baxtrionis aReba vaJa-fSavela 85

baxtrionis aReba akaki wereTeli (nawyveti moTxrobidan `baSi-aCuki~) 86

legenda bazaleTis tbis Sesaxeb SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti 92

bazaleTis tba ilia WavWavaZe 94

ori Tqmuleba sakuTari saxelis warmoSobaze xalxuri

I. sofeli glola 96

II. modinaxe 99


Teoria

gramatika

mxatvruli xerxebi

21

sametyvelo bgera

23

fonetikuri movlenebi

29

moTxroba

48

ras Seiswavlis gramatika

53

sityvis Sinaarsi

62

igavi

78

mravalmniSvnelobiani sityva

68

sinonimebi

73

faqti, varaudi, Tvalsazrisi

105

sityvaTa klasebi – arsebiTi

saxeli

88

arsebiTi saxeli da Tandebuli

101


teqstebi

Tavi V

sicili gadamdebiao!

baron miunhauzenis Tavgadasavali rudolf erix raspe

I. rvafexa kurdReli 108

II. galxobili bgerebi 109

baron miunhauzenis Tavgadasavali rudolf erix raspe

III. Cinuri Rvino 115

oboli da qosamatyuara zRapari 119

uwindeli cxenebi raRa iqmneno xalxuri 122

Tavi VI

xalxuri sityviereba

miwa Tavisas moiTxovs zRapari 130

sabralo dedabrisasa xalxuri 139

eTeri zRapari

I-II. 140

III-V. 142

VI-VII. 145

VIII-IX. 148

opera `abesalom da eTeri~ SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti 151

Tavi VII vaJa-fSavelas samyaroSi

Svlis nukris naambobi vaJa-fSavela

I. 156

II-III. 159

IV-V. 162

xmeli wifeli vaJa-fSavela 170

Rame mTaSi vaJa-fSavela 179

Tavi VIII

didi wignebi

vefxistyaosani SoTa rusTaveli 182

ambavi rostevan arabTa mefisa 183

rostevan mefisagan da avTandilisagan nadiroba,

naxva arabTa mefisagan mis ymisa vefxistyaosnisa 188

vefxistyaosnis aforizmebi 192

homerosis `odisea~ SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (zurab kiknaZe, Tamaz Cxenkeli) 198

odisevsi da penelope homerosi

I. 199

II. 203


Teoria

gramatika

anotacia

127

reklama

128

Tandebulebis marTlwera

110

zedsarTavi saxelis warmoqmna

123

zRapari

154

ricxviTi saxeli

134

nacvalsaxeli

152

personaJi

180

zmna

166

zmna da gramatikuli pirebi

175

funqciuri teqstebi

212

sakiTxebi Zveli qarTuli enis

gramatikidan

194

sruli da usruli moqmedeba

207

Sorisdebuli

209


teqstebi

Tavi IX

qarTuli saliteraturo enis istoriidan

qarTuli saliteraturo ena da ilia WavWavaZe nawili pirveli zurab WumburiZe 216

qarTuli saliteraturo ena da ilia WavWavaZe nawili meore zurab WumburiZe 220

meoce saukunis qarTuli terminebi da giorgi nikolaZe SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti 222

Tavi X

Cemi Tbilisi

Tbilisis istoria SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~; T. beriZe) 226

... rusTvelis prospeqtze siaruli lado asaTiani 236

sadRegrZelo iyos misi galaktion tabiZe 237

gazafxulis dResaswauli SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~) 238

lurji sufra SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~) 238

muSTaidi SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~) 239

`zepiri gazeTebi~ Zvel TbilisSi SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~) 241

pansionebi da gimnaziebi SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~) 241

transporti SemecnebiTi xasiaTis teqsti (saymawvilo enciklopedia `Tbilisi~) 242

saxelmZRvanelos leqsikoni 251


Teoria

gramatika

arqaizmi da neologizmi

224

teqstis gasworeba

249

kavSiri

232

nawilaki

244


`usulo sagnebs suli Cavbere,

avasaubre lodebi kldisa...~

vaJa-fSavela

Tavi

1

ametyvelebuli buneba

• mTani maRalni (moTxroba) ............................................................................................................................................................12

• quCi (moTxroba) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................16

• mxatvruli xerxebi (literaturis Teoria) ............................................................................................21

• sametyvelo bgera (gramatika) ................................................................................................................................................23

• nekerCxlis wiTeli foToli (moTxroba) ......................................................................................................25

• TuTa (leqsi) ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................28

• fonetikuri movlenebi (gramatika) ..........................................................................................................................29

11


teqstebi

ametyvelebuli buneba Tavi I

12

uTimTimebT

uTamaSebT,

ufeTqavT

rasme

anu rames

iburavT

ifaravT

utusavs

utrusavs

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

mTani maRalni

idgnen da elodnen. usazRvroa mTebis molodini;

usazRvro zRvada dgas imaT gulSi. wiTlad, sisxlisfrad

Sededebuli uTimTimebT gulmkerdSi. gareT, saxeze

ki araferi etyobaT, garda mterobisa. es aris kidec

niSani molodinisa. vin ra icis, ra ambavia mTebis gulSi,

ra cecxli duRs da gadmodis.

mTebo, mTebo! ras eliT, vis eliT nuTu gyavT satrfo

didi xnis unaxavi iqneba Svili dakargeT iqneba Zma an

deda gyavT Sors wasuli da araferi ambavi mogsvliaT

pasuxi ar ismis. dganan warbSeuxrelad. elodnen, elian

da kvlav eqnebaT molodini. ra daaSrobs imaT gulSi im

molodinis zRvas ara aqvs imas bolo, arc dasasruli,

rogorc RvTaebas...

roca yvela suldgmuls, mwers, balaxs, yvavilebs, mdinares

da mousvenar, dauRalav niavs daeZinebaT, maSin,

mxolod maSin amoioxreben da cremlsa Rvrian. Cven, kacni,

maSin vambobT: ax, ra mZime lodiviT naRveli mawevs gulzeo.

ratom ar mReriT, mTebo gana ise unda movkvde, rom

Tqveni xma, Tqveni simRera ver gavigono! ratom ar iciniT

Rimili mainc miCveneT Tqveni, kargebo! magre rogor

dagimonaT, SegipyroT, dagimorCilaT erTma fiqrma, rom

sxva yovelive Zala da niSani sicocxlisa daTrgunvila

Tqvens gul-gonebaSi! ara, ara. xandaxan Tqvenc gixariaT

da qveyanas ki hgonia, viTom Tqven arafers grZnobT. xom

vici, Tqvens gulSi sanTlebi daenTeba, roca laRi arwivi

dagTamaSebT Tavze da dasasveneblad Tqvens kalTaze

CamoeSveba. ra lamazebi xarT maSin! rogor gixdebaT, rom

is Tqveni aRzrdili Svili ise mamaci, Seupovari da lamazia.

is xom Sikrikicaa Tqveni. RmerTs uambobs, atyobinebs

Tqvens ambavs...

ara gaqvT azri idea grZnoba arc ocnebobT rogor

ara! maS raa is mSvenieri yvavilebi, Tqven rom gulmkerds

gimSvenebT egaa Tqveni ocneba, imedi, nugeSi. rad

iburav T Tavs xSiri nislebiT, Tu Cum-Cumad rasme ara

fiqrobT da mag fiqrs ar gvimalavT adamianis Svilebs!

rad mogyavT balaxi rad adenT civTa wyaroTa rad

aqanebT zvavebs rada zrdiT laRTa xar-jixvTa vis

atyueb T, Tqve kargebo!

dganan da elian. wvima wvims imaT Tavze, elva utusavs

oqros qoCors, mexi eTamaSeba imaT Tvalebs da xSiradac

erWoba isariviT gulmkerdSi. araferia. ingreva xSirad

naxevari mTa da zvavad midis xevSi. klde da lodebi mainc


tyvreba

aq: skdeba

sudari

anu sudara –

TeTri qsovili

(micvalebulis

gasaxvevad)

savarjiSoebi

45

50

elian. wadiT, visac ar gindaT CvenTan, maRla, cis axlos

yofna, dabla ganisveneT.

debs Tovls. yinavs. civa. qva tyvreba. mTebs sudari

CaucvamT tanze, TiTqos mkvdrebi iyvnen. dagvmarxeT,

dagvitireTo – gveZaxian...

dganan da elian. guli stkivaT, Zalian stkivaT. magram

ar ixocebian, arc Wleqdebian. elian, vis an ras raRacas.

diax, raRacas. es raRacaa unaxavis danaxva. naxes da

gaaTaves, rasac imaTi Tvali da guli miswvdeboda. sxva

axali moswyurebia imaT Tvalsa da gulsa. es xom Tvalgulis

gaumaZRrobaa swored rom isaa.

vaJa-fSavela

teqstis Sinaarsi

1. `vin“ uwevs RmerTTan Sikrikobas

mTebs

• ratom uwodebs vaJa-fSavela mas

mTebis „Sikriks“ RmerTTan

2. riT iburebian mTebi wuxilis

dasafarad

3. ratom umalaven mTebi sxvebs TavianT

fiqrsa da survils

4. avtoris azriT, ra aris mTebis `imedi,

grZnoba, idea, ocneba~

13


teqstebi

ametyvelebuli buneba Tavi I

14

5. vaJa-fSavelas TqmiT, ra uxarebs mTebs

guls

6. Seni azriT, ris momswre SeiZleba

iyvnen mTebi

7. „elian, vis ras raRacas. es raRacaa

unaxavis danaxva“.

rogor axsni vaJa-fSavelas pasuxs mis

mierve dasmul SekiTxvebze

8. daasaxele fraza, romelic

nawarmoebSi xSirad meordeba. ratom

imeorebs avtori am frazas ras

hmatebs es nawarmoebs

imsjele

9. qvemoT CamoTvlilTagan romels

SeurCevdi meore saTaurad am

nawarmoebs pasuxi daasabuTe.

a) zvavis Camowola

b) cis axlos yofna

g) zamTris sudara

moZebne teqstSi

10. vaJa-fSavelas Tavis erT -erT poemaSi

„kopala“ aqvs aseTi striqonebi:

„nislni, daRlilni curviTa,

mTis yureT mimaluliyvnen;

mTani maRlaiT dascqerdnen,

Rrma fiqriT Saburviliyvnen:

beCavebs bevri etirnaT,

srul cremlad dawurviliyvnen.“

moiZie moTxrobaSi „mTani maRalni“

msgavsi ganwyobis mqone monakveTi da

Seadare am strofs.

alalma dauqrola – uceb raRac

mouvida, raRac daemarTa, raRac

SeemTxva (alali – qoris msgavsi,

magram ufro patara mtacebeli

frinveli).

1. meoTxe klasamde toli ar

hyolia, magram aq ki raRac alalma

dauqrola (akaki wereTeli); 2.

ra alalma dahqrola amisTanam,

11. gaixsene, ra aris epiTeti. yuradRebiT

waikiTxe teqstis me-4 abzaci da

moZebne is epiTetebi, romlebsac vaJafSavela

arwivis dasaxasiaTeblad

iyenebs.

dawere

12. warmoidgine da aRwere mTebi,

romlebmac vaJa-fSavelas aseTi

ganwyoba Seuqmna. Seni naSromi gaacani

Tanaklaselebs.

13. ipove teqstSi Sesabamisi monakveTi da

Seni sityvebiT dawere Canaxati: `mTebi

da arwivi~.

ena

qarTuli idiomebis leqsikonidan

14. gadaiyvane nar-bolosarTiani

mravlobiTis formebi

eb-bolosarTian mravlobiTSi:

a) rada zrdiT laRTa xar-jixvTa

b) rad adenT civTa wyaroTa

15. Seni varaudiT, ratom SeurCia vaJafSavelam

am nawarmoebs saTaurad

`mTani maRalni~ – gamoTqma,

romelSic Zveli qarTuli enisaTvis

damaxasiaTebeli mravlobiTi forma

gamoiyena

16. vaJa-fSavela wers: `usazRvroa mTebis

molodini, usazRvro zRvada dgas

imaT gulSi~.

qvemoT CamoTvlilTagan romlebia

SinaarsiT axlos mdgomi epiTetTan –

`usazRvro~

uZiro, ulevi, unapiro, uTvalavi,

ukidegano, usasrulo, TvalSeudgami,

Tvaluwvdeneli.

rom rac simRerebi icoda, sul

daaviwyda (ilia WavWavaZe)

davaleba

moifiqre raime ambavi, romelSic

gamoiyeneb am gamoTqmas, da Cawere

rveulSi.


es sainteresoa!

vaJa-fSavela

qarTveli poeti da

sazogado moRvawe.

daibada 1861 wels

fSavSi, sofel CargalSi.

is fSavSi cxovrobda

da TbilisSi iSviaTad

Camodioda. dakrZalulia

mTawmindaze.

albaT, gaxsovs, rom vaJa-fSavela fsevdonimia.

poetis namdvili saxeli da gvaria luka

razikaSvili. igi saqarTvelos mTian mxareSi,

fSavSi daibada da misi fsevdonimic swored

aqedan modis. vaJa-fSavela bavSvobidan

eziara qarTul xalxur poezias. poetis mama

– pavle qarTuli wignis didi moyvaruli iyo.

mas saxlSi aseTi garToba SemouRia: samuSao

dRis Semdeg, saRamoobiT, ojaxis wevrebi

miusxdebodnen buxars da ejibrebodnen

erTmaneTs Tqmulebebis, zRaprebis,

andazebis TqmaSi. msjelobdnen, uziarebdnen

erTmaneTs STabeWdilebebs monaTxrobis

Sesaxeb. kiTxulobdnen wignebs. vaJa-fSavela

bavSvobidan aseT garemoSi izrdeboda.

davaleba

klasSi imsjeleT, ras fiqrobT aseT garTobaze.

isaubreT, Tavad Tqven rogor erTobiT.

vaJa-fSavela da

aleqsandre yazbegi

vaJa-fSavela ojaxTan erTad

vaJa-fSavela CargalSi cxovrobda da

Tavisi nawerebi TbilisSi drodadro

xurjiniT Camohqonda.

15

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