saqarTveloSi geologiuri garemos ... - momxmarebeli.ge

momxmarebeli.ge

saqarTveloSi geologiuri garemos ... - momxmarebeli.ge

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xelovnuri gruntebis gavrcelebis farTo areali da sxva uaryofiTi

movlenebi urbanizebuli teritoriebis damaxasiaTebeli niSania. istoriuli

periodis ganmavlobaSi warmoiqmnili kulturuli fenebis - “teqnogenuri

grunti” simZlavre rigi qalaqebis calkeul ubnebze 2-20 m-s aRemateba.

sacxovrebeli Tu sxva daniSnulebis nagebobebis ganTavseba sensitiuri

gruntebiT agebul ferdobebze xSirad iwvevs mewyrul-gravitaciuli

procesebis Casaxva-ganviTarebas, gruntis jdenas da sxva arasasurvel

procesebs. q. Tbilisis farglebSi ukanaskneli oTxi aTeuli wlis

manZilze warmoiqmnili 60-ze meti mewyeri yvela provocirebulia adamianis

araswori saqmianobiT, maT Soris muxaTgverdis sasaflaos mimdebare

teritoriaze, xevZmaris, libanis da sxva.

geologiuri garemos transformaciis saqmeSi “Tavisi wvlili Seaqvs”

xazobrivi sainJinro komunikaciebis – saavtomobilo gzebis da

milsadenebis mSeneblobas. “baqo-Tbilisi-jeihanis” navTobsadenis da

Sahdenizis gazsadenis mSeneblobis da eqspluataciis procesSi moxsnili

da gadaadgilebuli gruntebis moculoba milionobiT kuburi metriT

ganisazRvreba. igive iTqmis saavtomobilo gzebis rekonstruqciasTan

dakavSirebiT. dadgenilia, rom magitraluri gazsadenis 1km. gasayvanad

saWiro xdeba niadag-mcenareuli fenis darRveva 4 ha-ze, xolo

saavtomobilo gzis gayvanis SemTxvevaSi ki 2 ha-ze. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT

imas, rom saqarTveloSi saavtomobilo gzebis saerTo sigrZe aRemateba 20000

km-s, xolo magistraluri milsadenebis sigrZe Seadgens 1120 km-s da maTi

umeteseba gayvanilia rTul sainJinro-geologiur pirobebSi naTeli gaxdeba

Tu ramdenad didia geologiuri garemos teqnogenuri transformaciis

masStabebi.

sasoflo-sameurneo saqmianoba da misi gavlena geologiur garmoze

gansakuTrebiT masStaburi iyo XX saukunis ganmavlobaSi. kulturuli

landSaftebis warmoqmna, sairigacio saqmianoba da sairigacio erozia,

gruntebis meoradi damlaSeba, teritoriebis daWaobeba an piriqiT Waobebis

amoSroba arasruli CamonaTvalia im cvlilebebisa rac ganicada garemom

sasoflo-sameurneo miwebze.

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