What should we know about drugs of abuse

medportal.ge

What should we know about drugs of abuse

4

ratom

visTvis

winaTqma

ra

romeli

riT

rogor

ratom daiwera es wigni

didi xania vfiqrobdiT dagvewera wigni, raTa axalgazrdobamde migvetana

codna narkotikebis Sesaxeb, magram xelSi aRebuli kalami bevrjerve ukan

dagvidia, davfiqrebulvarT, rogori unda iyos igi aris ki dro, axalgazrdobas

aseTi saxis informacia rom mivawodoT romeli informaciis gaSuqebaa ufro

mniSvnelovani da sxva. bevri fiqrisa da gansjis Semdeg im daskvnamde

mivediT, rom yvela konteqstSi warmodgenili subieqturi informacia eWvis

qveS daayenebda mis mimarT interess. amitom gadavwyviteT, mogawodoT mxolod

is obieqturi realoba, romelsac hqvia simarTle. simarTle da, rac SeiZleba,

meti simarTle narkotikebis Sesaxeb. daskvnebi mkiTxvelisaTvis migvindia.

vfiqrobT, wigns unda gaecnos Cveni sazogadoebis yvela warmomadgeneli,

vinaidan, rogorc saqarTvelos Sromis, janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis

saministros sazogadoebrivi jandacvis departamentis monacemebi gviCvenebs,

Cvens mosaxleobas jer ara aqvs bolomde gaTviTcnobierebuli is mavne

zegavlena, romelsac axdens narkotikebi sazogadoebis janmrTelobaze.

narkotikebisagan miyenebuli zarali gacilebiT ufro didia, vidre es am

wignSia aRwerili. is, rasac Tqven aq waikiTxavT, narkotikebis moxmarebiT

gamowveuli uzarmazari problemis mxolod erTi aspeqtia. udidesi mniSvnelobis

matarebelia narkotikebiT gamowveuli mosaxleobis kriminalizacia, am

nivTierebebis gamoyenebiT ganprobebuli sazogadoebis janmrTelobis mdgomareobis

pirdapiri Tu iribi garTulebebi, romlebic iwvevs mosaxleobaSi sxvadasxva

avadmyofobebiT daavadebianobisa da avadobis zrdas da saboloo jamSi maT

invalidizacias. narkotikebis moxmarebasTan aris dakavSirebuli ara marto

iseTi infeqciebis gavrceleba, rogoricaa Sidsi da B da C hepatitebi, aramed

igi xels uwyobs aseve mravali epidemiis gavrcelebas.

am wignis mizani sulac ar aris vinmes datuqsva an SeSineba an didaqtikuri

toniT darigeba. albaT sazogadoeba iseve warmoudgenelia unarkotikod,

rogorc, mag., seqsisa da alkoholis gareSe, magram isini pirovnebasa da

sazogadoebas ar uqmnis iseT problemebs, rogorsac narkotikebi. dResAalbaT

warmoudgenelia narkotikebis moxmarebis srul aRkveTaze saubari, magram

Cveni survilia, minimumamde daviyvanoT maTi moxmarebiT gamowveuli saSiSroebebi.

ai, am survilma gvibiZga mogvemarTa TqvenTvis am wignis saSualebiT.

visTvis aris gankuTvnili es wigni

axalgazrdebisaTvis, mozardebisaTvis, ocdameerTe saukunis mcxovreblebisaTvis. es is

Taobaa, romelic jer ar aris dazianebuli narkotikebiT, maT jer ar gausinjavT narkotiki,

ar gasCeniaT mis mimarT interesi, magram viciT, rom maTi nawili aucileblad gamoiCens am

interess. amitom vfiqrobT, rom Tuki maT droulad mivawvdiT aucilebel informacias, isini

ufro kargad Seafaseben sakuTar gadadgmul nabijs. axalgazrdobis didma nawilma icis, rom

narkotikebis miReba ar aris kargi, magram xSirad interesi Zlevs da aseTi “


5

eqsperimenti”””savalalo SedegiT mTavrdeba. Cveni azriT, winamdebare

wigns yuradRebiT unda gaecnon maTi mSoblebic. mravali wlis praqtikam

dagvarwmuna, rom, Tu mSobeli amomwuravad ver pasuxobs axalgazrdis

mier dasmul SekiTxvas, igi iZulebulia pasuxebi sxvagan eZebos. amiT

zaraldeba ara marto mozardi, aramed mSoblis avtoritetic.

romeli narkotikebia saSiSi

Tambaqoc da alkoholic iseTive narkotikebia, rogorc sxva “”quCis”

narkotikebi”. gansxvaveba mxolod erTSia, Tambaqo da alkoholi legalurad

arsebobs, advilad misawvdomia da maT Sesaxeb Cven gacilebiT mets da

adreul asakSi vigebT, vidre sxva narkotikebis Sesaxeb; samedicino TvalsazrisiT

Zneli saTqmelia, ”quCis”narkotikebi” ufro mavnebelia janmrTelobisaTvis, Tu

Tambaqo. yvela adamiani, romelsic zrunavs sakuTar janmrTelobaze, valdebulia

warmoidginos, ra zians miayenebs nebismieri narkotikis araswori formiT gamoyeneba.

aq diskusia, Tu romeli narkotikia ufro mavnebeli, Cveni azriT, zedmetia.

mTavaria, axalgazrdam, romelic mTeli Tavisi arsiT da qceviT iltvis

damoukideblobisken, sakuTari me-s damkvidrebisken, unda gaiTvaliswinos, rom

Tu ki nebismier narkotiks, arasworad gamoiyenebs, igi mTeli sicocxlis

manZilze damokidebuli xdeba maT mimarT da uyalibdeba qcevis iseTi stereotipi,

romelic arc sxvas moswons da, rac mTavaria, arc mas. magram ...

ra unda gvaxsovdes mudam

mozardebi floben gacilebiT ufro did informacias sazogadoebaSi

arsebul rogorc karg, aseve cud movlenebze, vidre es Cven, ufrosebs,

gvgonia. maTTvis sruliad miuRebelia is ormagi morali, romelic xSirad

sazogadoebaSi aris gavrcelebuli. amitom maTTvis imis gageba, rom narkotikebi

cudia, Znelia, radgan maTi miRebiT isini da maTi megobrebi siamovnebas

grZnoben. usiamovneba ki, romelic uciloblad mohyveba maT gamoyenebas,

droSia gadanacvlebuli da mxolod sakuTari gamocdilebiT SeigrZnoba.

rogor aviciloT es problemebi

kacobriobis progresis mamoZravebeli Zala aris interesi, interesi imis

mimarT, rac, ar ici da ginda, rom icode. swored, es aris xSirad mizezi mozardis

ziarebisa narkotikebTan. amis profilaqtika unda daiwyos ara narkotikebis

Sesaxeb uaryofiTi miTebis moyoliT, aramed mozardis swori aRzrdiT. rogor

Zalian martivad! nebismierma adamianma unda icodes, rom aris raRac, rac ar

SeiZleba, zianis momtania, miuxedavad imisa, rom SesaZlebelia es sasiamovnoc ki

iyos. meore da mniSvnelovani aRzrdaSi aris adamianuri siTbo. misi gamoxatulebis

erT-erTi formaa mSobelsa da Svils Soris siyvaruli, Tbili megobruli

urTierToba da simarTle, rac pativiscemasa da ndobas badebs.

riT gamoirCeva es wigni

rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT, wignis daweris dros vxelmZRvanelobdiT mxolod

erTi principiT, mkiTxvelisaTvis migvewodebina Cveni mravalwliani gamocdilebiT

dagrovili simarTle narkotikebis Sesaxeb. amitom mkiTxveli wignSi moipovebs

misTvis yvela sasurvel informacias bunebaSi arsebul yovelgvar im saSualebaTa

Sesaxeb, romelic iwvevs miCvevas da adamians aqcevs damokidebuls maT mimarT.

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