Tavi 10. mineraluri resursebi reziume ... - momxmarebeli.ge

momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 10. mineraluri resursebi reziume ... - momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 10. mineraluri resursebi

reziume

saqarTvelo mdidaria mineraluri resursebiT, Tumca maTi

mopoveba da gamoyeneba, saTanado regulirebisa da kontrolis gareSe,

garemosTvis didi zianis momtani SeiZleba iyos. es gansakuTrebiT

exeba liTonebis mopovebas. am obieqtebze aucilebelia ara marto

garemosdacviTi kontrolis gamkacreba, aramed garemos

sareabilitacio RonisZiebebis Catareba, magaliTad, WiaTuraSi,

kazreTSi, luxunze, canaze, sadac garemos dabinZureba wlebis

ganmavlobaSi mimdinareobda.

1. Sesavali

mineraluri resursebi qveynis ekonomikis sayrdenia. aqve aRsaniSnavia,

rom samTo-mopovebas erT-erTi wamyvani adgili uWiravs garemoze mavne

zemoqmedebis SesaZleblobis TvalsazrisiT da amdenad, saTanado

garemosdacviTi regulirebis gareSe mineraluri resursebis mopoveba

SeiZleba Zalian saziano aRmoCndes garemosTvis.

saxelmwifo regulireba

saqarTveloSi yvela saxis mineraluri resursi saxelmwifos

sakuTrebas warmoadgens. maT damuSavebas specialuri nebarTva –

sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis licenzia _ esaWiroeba, romelsac

saxelmwifo auqcionis wesiT, mineraluri resursis saxisa da masze

moTxovnis gaTvaliswinebiT, sxvadasxva vadiT gascems. licenziasTan

erTad wiaRiT mosargeble droebiT sargeblobaSi iRebs miwis farTs,

miwis minakuTvnis saxiT, romelic aucilebelia resursis mopovebasTan

dakavSirebuli saqmianobisaTvis. wiaRiseulis mopovebis dasrulebis

Semdeg igi valdebulia ganaxorcielos am teritoriis rekultivacia da

ise daubrunos saxelmwifos.

licenziantis mier mineraluri resursebis mopovebis licenziis

miRebis Semdeg aucilebelia garemoze zemoqmedebis nebarTvis aReba da

saqarTvlos garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministroSi

garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebis proeqtis wardgena. am procedurebis

gavlis gareSe licenziants ekrZaleba mopovebiTi samuSaoebis dawyeba da

garemoze raime saxis zemoqmedeba.

mineraluri resursebis mopovebis periodSi licenzianti valdebulia

daicvas garemos dacvis saTanado wesebi, romlebic dReisaTvis mxolod

sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebisas atmosferuli haeris dacvisTvisaa

(afeTqebiTi samuSaoebis warmoebisas) dadgenili.

mineraluri resursebis mopovebisas garemoze zemoqmedebis

saxelmwifo kontrols garemos dacvis inspeqcia axorcielebs. masve

evaleba garemos dabinZurebis faqtebis gamovlena da aRkveTa, aseve _

sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis licenziebis pirobebis Sesrulebis

kontroli. is uflebamosilia garemisdacviTi Semowmebis procesSi

regulirebis obieqtisgan kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT moiTxovos

axsna-ganmartebebi, daubrkoleblad miiRos saWiro informacia da

Semowmebis procesSi regulirebis obieqtis saqmianobis Seswavlisa da

laboratoriuli sinjebis aRebis mizniT moiwvios Sesabamisi eqspertebi

da specialistebi.


2. mineraluri resursebis maragi

saqarTvelos geologiur Taviseburebas gansazRvravs misi mdebareoba

evraziul da afro-arabul filaTa Sesayarze. teritoria

araerTgvarovania Tavisi agebulebiTa da geologiuri ganviTarebis

istoriiT (ruka 1.), rac ganapirobebs wiaRiseuli sabadoebis

mravalferovnebas. geologiuri procesebis intensivoba, maTi

ganviTarebis areali da masStabi gansazRvravs sabadoebis sididesa da,

xSir SemTxvevaSi, maT xarisxs. mineraluri resursebis didi sabadoebi

saqarTveloSi aRmoCenili ar aris. aq mineraluri resursebi ZiriTadad

saSualo da mcire zomis sabadoebsa da gamovlinebebSia ganawilebuli.

ruka 10.1. saqarTvelos geologiuri ruka

mineraluri resursebis sabadoebis Seswavlis safuZvelze xdeba am

sabadoebSi arsebuli resursis maragis Sefaseba _ daTvla/gadaTvla.

yvela saxis mineraluri resursis maragis daTvlisaTvis mopovebuli

geologiuri informaciis Semowmeba da maragebis damtkiceba xdeba

saqarTvelos garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministrosTan

arsebul sasargeblo wiaRiseulis maragebis saxelmwifo uwyebaTaSoris

komisiaze. komisiis daskvna mineraluri resursis maragis saxelmwifo

balansze ayvanis erTaderTi safuZvelia. monacemebi damtkicebuli

maragis Sesaxeb gadaecema wiaRis Sesaxeb informaciis erTian saxelmwifo

fonds (saqarTvelos garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis

saministros ssip „garemos erovnul saagentos~) maragebis mineralurresursul

fondSi aRsaricxavad.

amdenad, mineralur-resursuli fondi warmoadgens qveynis

teritoriasa da mis ekonomikur zonaSi ganTavsebul im sabadoTa da

maRaroTa erTobliobas, romelTaTvisac damtkicebulia saxelmwifo

balansze ayvanili maragebi. es fondi aris resursuli bazis nawili,

romlic Tavisi ekonomikuri da samrewvelo maCveneblebiT SeiZleba

CaerTos sabazro urTierTobebSi.

dRevandeli mdgomareobiT saqarTvelos myari mineraluri

resursebis fondi moicavs 552 sabados. maTgan mopovebisa da

gadamuSavebis procesSi garemosaTvis potenciurad meti zianis miyeneba

SeuZliaT LliTonebs, xolo myari mineraluri resursebis sxva saxeebi

SedarebiT inertulia (cxr. 10.1; diagr. 10.1) da, Sesabamisad, _ naklebi

zianis momtani.

saqarTveloSi gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobis mqone sabadoTa rigs

ganekuTvneba: liTonTa sabadoebidan – WiaTuris manganumisa da

madneulis (bolnisis madniani raionis) polimetaluri sabadoebi. amave

rangis sabadoebad SeiZleba CaiTvalos aramadniani sabadoebidan

ceoliTSemcveli (Zegvi, TeZami, axalcixe da sxva) sabadoebi da

samSeneblo-mosapirkeTebeli masalebi.

cxrili 10.1. mineraluri resursebis fondSi ricxuli sabadoebi

# mineraluri resursis

saxeoba

raodenoba ganzomileba maragi

damtkicebuli

1 liTonebi (Savi, feradi,

keTilSobili, iSviaTi)

52 aTasi t 419 965


myari sawvavi resursebi

2 naxSiri 3 aTasi t 373 934

3 torfi 5 aTasi t 47 644

mosapirkeTebeli qvebi 107

4 gabro aTasi m 3 7 224

5 gabro-dioriti aTasi m 3 5 972

6 sieniti aTasi m 3 660

7 graniti aTasi m 3 5400

8 tufobreqCia aTasi m 3 14 938

9 daciti aTasi m 3 2 289

10 teSeniti aTasi m 3 6 165

11 Ddiabazi aTasi m 3 10 741

12 Bbazalti aTasi m 3 45 052

13 Ddoleriti aTasi m 3 19 579

14 Mmarmarilo aTasi m 3 4 259

15 marmarilosebri kirqva aTasi m 3 78 026

qimiuri mrewvelobis

nedleuli 44

16 bariti aTasi t 4 731

mJavagamZle andeziti aTasi t 12 717

17 Mmirabiliti aTasi m 3 1493

18 Bbentoniti aTasi t 6 418

19 mineraluri pigmenti aTasi t 437

20 talki aTasi t 2 774

21 Kkalciti aTasi t 27 211

22 Ddiatomiti aTasi m 3 7 995

samSeneblo masalebi 312

23 RorRi aTasi m 3 459 221

24 qviSa-xreSi aTasi m 3 658 487

25 saagure Tixebi aTasi m 3 135 207

26 carci aTasi m 3 3 962

27 sakire kirqvebi aTasi t 292 173

28 TabaSiri aTasi t 20 342

29 sacemente Tixebi aTasi m 3 64 070

30 sacemente kirqvebi aTasi t 392 014

31 Ggaji aTasi m 3 14 917

32 saxuravi fiqlebi aTasi m 3 11 796

33 msubuqi Semavseblebi aTasi m 3 220 323

34 sakedle qvebi aTasi m 3 4 898

35 kvarcis qviSa aTasi m 3 168 804

36 Pperliti aTasi m 3 13 500

damxmare nedleuli 10

metalurgiisaTvis

37 dolomiti aTasi t 44 904

38 cecxlgamZle Tixa aTasi m 3 91 636

39 sayalibe qviSa aTasi m 3 2 300

40 spongoliTi aTasi m 3 19 57

41 safluse kirqva aTasi t 1 700

samrewvelo masalebis

maragebi

42 Camosasxmelo

Bbazalti 2 aTasi m 3 9 892

43 loTografiuli qva 1 aTasi m 3 120

44 sanakeTo qvebi 3 t 920

nedleuli soflis 9

meurneobisaTvis

45 torfi aTasi t 41 880

46 ceoliTi aTasi t 30 381

47 Tixiani TabaSiri aTasi t 3 460


nedleuli keramikis 9

warmoebisaTvis

48 keramikuli Tixa aTasi m 3 2 504

49 traqiti aTasi m 3 945

50 Tixiani TabaSiri aTasi t 2 232

Savi liTonebi. saqarTvelo ar ganekuTvneba msoflios rkinis Semcvel

ZiriTad auzebs. miuxedavad amisa, sakmaod mniSvnelovania rkinis

prognozuli resursebi da rkinis 4 ZiriTadi sabado (foladauris, Zamis,

tyibuli-Saoris da sufsa-natanebis) (diagr. 10.1, ruka 10.2). tradiciul

sabadoebTan erTad saqarTveloSi gvaqvs mdidari zRviuri magnetittitanomagnetituri

qviSrobebi, romlebic mniSvnelovan dagrovebebs qmnian

md. sufsisa da md. natanebis deltebSi. dReisaTvis rkinis sabadoebi ar

muSavdeba, magram maTi Seswavla grZeldeba da damuSavebis procesis dawyeba

uaxloesi momavlis saqmea.

ruka 10.2. liTonebis gavrceleba saqarTveloSi.

vercxli

alumini

rkina

spilenZi

TuTia

tyvia

surma

kadmiumi

vercxliswyali

bismuti

teluri

seleni

indiumi

manganumi

dariSxani

oqro

kobalti

volframi

diagrama 10.1. liTonebisa da iSviaTi elementebis maragebi saqarTveloSi.

me-19 saukunis bolodan 1 saqarTveloSi daiwyo manganumis mopoveba da

es qveyana iTvleba msoflios erT-erT ZiriTad manganummatarebel

provinciad (cxr. 10.2; ruka 10.2.). manganumis mopoveba dResac aqtiurad

1 roca didi qarTveli poetis akaki wereTlis ZalisxmeviT aRmoaCines WiaTuris

manganumis sabado.


mimdinareobs. dReisaTvis gacemuli licenziis pirobebis mixedviT,

WiaTuris manganumis sabadodan 2008-2011 ww. mopovebuli unda yofiliyo

1,6 mln tona liToni, momdevno wlebSi _ 40 aTasi t. weliwadSi, jamuri

minimaluri mopoveba _ 200 aTasi t. Cxari-ajameTis sabadoze licenzia

gacemulia 27 wlis vadiT, jamuri mopovebaa 20 aTasi t.

cxrili 10.2. manganumis sabadoebi, maTi maragebi da mopoveba

raioni sabado maragi

aTasi t

muSavdeba Tu

ara

WiaTuris WiaTura 201 921 muSavdeba

r-ni

Terjolis CxariajameTi

5 000 muSavdeba

r-ni

zestafonis

r-ni

yvirilis

depresia

(ubani

15 460 ar muSavdeba

rodinauli)

onis r-ni Sqmeri 1576 ar muSavdeba

iSviaTi liTonebi da elementebi. saqarTvelos iSviaTi liTonebi

Tavmoyrilia kavkasionis mTavari qedis dariSxanis, vercxliswylis,

volframisa da molibdenis mcire sabadoebSi. oqro-dariSxanis,

dariSxanisa da oqro-stibiumis sabadoebs saerTaSoriso mniSvneloba

aqvT. dariSxanis mopoveba amJamad Sewyvetilia, Tumca mopovebis licenzia

luxunis sabadoze gacemulia 25 wlis vadiT, 9534 t. jamuri mopovebis

moculobiT.

liTonebis, maT Soris, oqros da vercxlis mopoveba intensiurad

mimdinareobs bolnisis raionis oqro-spilenZ-barit-polimetalur

sabadoebze, sadac kompleqsuri damuSavebis licenzia gacemulia 20 wlis

vadiT, weliwadSi 0,4-1 milioni t. madnis mopovebis pirobiT. aq

madneulis sabados damuSavebis procesis paralelurad mimdinareobs

axali saeqspluatacio ubnebis daZieba da arsebuli liTonebis maragebis

daTvla, SemdgomSi maTi mopovebis procesSi CarTvisaTvis.

cxrili 10.3: dariSxani da misi Tanmxlebi liTonebi

raioni sabado maragi,

aTasi t.

muSavdeba Tu

ara

ambrolauris luxuni 8,7 aRar muSavdeba

r-ni

lentexis r- cana 30,225

ni

aRar muSavdeba

lentexis r- Woroxi

ni

1,85 ar muSavdeba

ruka 10.3. araliTonuri mineraluri resursebis gavrceleba

saqarTveloSi.

2. mineraluri resursebis mopovebis zemoqmedeba garemoze

mineraluri resursebis mopovebasTan dakavSirebuli garemoze

zemoqmedebis ZiriTadi problemebia haeris, wylisa da miwis dabinZureba,


mewyerebis gaaqtiureba da tyis safaris gaCexva, Tumca dro da

masStabebi, romlis farglebSic mineraluri resursebis mopovebis

Sedegad garemos ziani adgeba, gansxvavebulia. igi damokidebulia

sabados `sicocxlis mosalodnel xangrZlivobaze~, romelic

gansxvavebulia TiToeuli sabadosTvis. igi ganisazRvreba sabadoSi

arsebuli maragis odenobiTa da sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis

licenziis vadiT (saqarTveloSi sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis

licenziebi gaicema 2-5 wlidan 20-45 wlamde vadiT) da licenziiT

dadgenili yovelwliuri mopovebis raodenobiT. garda amisa,

mniSvnelovania resursis saxeobac. magaliTad, liTonebis an myari

sawvavi resursebis Seswavlasa da mopovebas gacilebiT meti dro

sWirdeba, vidre samSeneblo masalebisaTvis saWiro nedleuls.

saqarTveloSi amJamad moqmedi samTo-mompovebeli sawarmoebidan

garemos erT-erTi Zlieri damabinZurebelia manganumis mopoveba. mas Tan

axlavs md. yvirilas dabinZureba Mn-is ionebiT. magaliTad, 2009 wlis

ianvarSi q. WiaTuris SesasvlelTan, mdinaris wyalSi manganumis ionebis

Semcveloba 3,9 mg/l dafiqsirda (manganumis ionis zRvrulad dasaSvebi

koncentracia wylebSi 0,1 mg/l-ia). mopovebis adgilidan dawyebuli

mdinaris qvemo weli da misi momijnave miwebi mTlianad dabinZurebulia

im niSnulamde, sadac ganzaveba xdeba. sawarmoo dabinZurebas aZlierebs

is garemoebac, rom mdinare Tavis mxriv recxavs madnian horizontebs da

masSi TavisTavad momatebulia Mn-is ionebis Semcveloba.

garemosTvis didi zianis momtania, agreTve, bolnisis jgufis

polimetaluri sabadoebis madnebis mopovebasTan dakavSirebuli

saqmianoba. aq madnis mopoveba Ria karieruli wesiT xdeba. karieris

damuSavebis siRrmem 300 metrs miaRwia. karierze warmoebs burRvaafeTqebiTi

samuSaoebi, rasac emateba karieris terasebze da karierze

misasvlel gzebze avtoTviTmclelebis aqtiuri ormxrivi moZraoba, rac

haerSi mtvrisa da sxva dambinZurebeli nivTierebebis mniSvnelovan

gafrqvevas iwvevs. dabinZurebul haerSi mavne nivTierebebis gadatana

emisiis centridan did manZilze xdeba, gansakuTrebiT _ wvrili, wminda

fraqciebisa. atmosferuli naleqebis zegavleniT am mtvridan

gamotutuli mZime liTonebis garemoSi moxvedra seriozul zians ayenebs

niadagsa da gruntis wylebs.

mopovebiTi samuSaoebis garda, garemoze mniSvnelovan gavlenas

axdens nedleulis gadamuSavebasTan dakavSirebuli procesebi, rac

aisaxa, magaliTad, md. kazreTulas mdgomareobaze, romelic wlebis

ganmavlobaSi binZurdeboda bolnisis madnis gamamdidrebeli sawarmos

saqmianobis Sedegad. agreTve nawilobrivaa dabinZurebuli md. maSaverac.

wina wlebSi Catarebuli mdinareebis wylis xarisxis monitoringis

Sedegebi aCvenebs, rom md. kazreTulas monakveTSi (karieris naJuri

wylebis Cadinebidan md. maSaveras SesarTavamde) TiTqmis aranairi

pirobaa imisa, rom masSi raime cocxali organizmebi arsebobdnen, anu

mdinare arsebiTad mkvdaria. md. maSaveraSi ki, romelsac TviTgawmendisa

da ganzavebis maRali SesaZleblobebi aqvs, dafiqsirebulia zRvrulad

dasaSvebi koncentraciebis gadaWarbeba mxolod calkeul SemTxvevebSi

(ZiriTadad im periodSi, rodesac mamdidrebeli fabrika ar muSaobda).

fabrikis fuWi qanis sanayaros da gamosatuti grovebis ganTavsebis

teritoria Zalze mniSvnelovnadaa dabinZurebuli mZime liTonebis

ionebiT (ZiriTadad spilenZi, TuTia, rkina, aseve sulfatis ionebi).


seriozuli saremediacio RonisZiebebis gareSe am teritoriis soflis

meurneobisaTvis gamoyeneba momavalSi dauSvebelia.

mniSvnelovan safrTxes Seicavs sabadoebi da maRaroebi, romlebzec

droebiT SeCerebulia sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis samuSaoebi.

aseTi obieqtebi dakonservebulia, magram rCeba didi albaToba imisa, rom

maTgan moxdes garemos damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis gatana, magaliTad,

miwisqveSa wylebiT. es garemoeba gansakuTrebul SeSfoTebas iwvevs maSin,

roca saqme exeba vercxliswylis, dariSxanisa da sxva Zliermomwamlavi

nivTierebebis gatanas sabadosa Tu samTo gamonamuSevris konservaciis

adgilidan.

am mxriv aRsaniSnavia luxunis oqro-dariSxanis (realgarauripigmenturi)

da canas dariSxanis (arsenopirotuli) sabadoebi. me-20

s-is 90-ian wlebamde raWis (uravi) da svaneTi (canas) samTo-qimiuri

qarxnebi awarmoebdnen maRali sisufTavis dariSxans, gankuTvnils

naxevargamtaruli sistemebisaTvis da 16 dasaxelebis sxvadasxva

dariSxanSemcvel preparats. dariSxanisa da misi naerTebis miRebis

mizniT koncentrats wvavdnen specialur RumelSi. Sedegad sahaero

sivrce da Sesabamisi teritoria 20 km-is radiusze sistematurad

binZurdeboda dariSxanis sulfiduri formebis gamowviT gamonabolqvi

gazebisagan, romlebic, garda gogirdis dioqsidisa, dasaSveb normaze

meti raodenobiT Seicavda wvis sxva produqtebsac, maT Soris _ `TeTr

dariSxans~. raWa da svaneTi ekologiuri katastrofis safrTxis winaSe

aRmoCnda. dReisaTvis es warmoebebi gaCerebulia, magram arsebuli

monacemebiT [1-5], aq sasoflo-sameurneo savargulebis niadagSi

dariSxanis Semcveloba saerTo fonTan SedarebiT 20-30-jeraa gazrdili,

moimata pirutyvisa da adamianebis onkologiuri daavadebebis ricxvmac.

md. madnis Relis (md. luxunis wylis) xeobis da misi mimdebare

teritoriis anTropogenuli dabinZurebiT xsnis raWis mosaxleoba

regionSi futkris ojaxTa ricxvis da gadamfreni frinvelebis

katastroful Semcirebas.

garda mavne gamonabolqvi gazebisa, dariSxanis gadamamuSavebeli

sawarmoebi aseve warmoqmnidnen dariSxanis Semcvel saxifaTo narCenebs

(e.w. `kudebs~), romlebic didi odenobiTaa daxvavebuli sabadosa da

sawarmos mimdebare teritoriebze. saWiroa am saxifaTo narCenebisgan

teritoriebis gadaudebeli aRdgena-gasufTaveba, raTa gamoiricxos saSiS

nivTierebaTa gadarecxva da gavrceleba garemomcvel bunebasa da

garemoSi.

aseve mniSvnelovan safrTxeebs Seicavs saqarTvelos mTavrobis mier

ukontrolo teritoriebze darCenili sabadoebi da maRaroebi _ qvaisis

tyvia-TuTiis sabado _ samxreT oseTis teritoriaze; tyvarCelis

qvanaxSiris sabado, axeisa da avadxaras vercxliswylis sabadoebi _

afxazeTis avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze. maTi mdgomareobis

Sesaxeb informacia ar mogvepoveba.

keramikuli, naxevradZvirfasi da sanakeTobo qvebis, inertuli da

samSeneblo masalebis resursebis mopoveba-gadamuSaveba zogadad naklebi

zianis momtania, Tumca araswori warmarTvis SemTxvevSi SeiZleba

gamoiwvios garemos mniSvnelovani dabinZureba. aq mTavari riskebi

dakavSirebulia atmosferuli naleqebiT teritoriis gadarecxvis

Sedegad dabinZurebul wylebTan, romlebic SeiZleba moxvdes wylis

obieqtebSi, xmaursa da vibraciasTan, mopovebasa da gadazidvis


samuSaoebTan dakavSirebul mtverTan. Aamrigad, aucilebelia am

zemoqmedebaTa saTanado regulireba da kontroli.

3. ZiriTadi gamowvevebi

qveynis ekonomikuri ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebelia mineraluri

resursebis mopoveba da damuSaveba-gadamuSaveba, Tumca am procesebs Tan

axlavs garemoze mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba. dResdReobiT saqarTveloSi

samTo-mopovebiTi mrewveloba garemosTvis potenciurad erT-erTi

yvelaze saSiSi saqmianobaa. man SeiZleba gamoiwvios da rig SemTxvevebSi

ukve gamoiwvia kidec niadagebis, wylebis (zedapiruli da miwisqveSa) da

haeris mniSvnelovani dabinZureba, ramac SeiZleba seriozuli uaryofiTi

gavlena iqonios mimdebare teritoriis mosaxleobaze. ufro metic,

wylisa da haeris saSualebiT dabinZureba SesaZloa sakmaod did

teritoriazec gavrceldes.

gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia garemoze zemoqmedeba mineraluri

resursebis Ria karieruli wesiT mopovebisas. am dros xdeba mimdebare

teritoriebis dabinZureba nayari masalebiT, niadagebis mospoba an

dazianeba, xSirad _ tyis safaris gaCexva. samwuxarod, saqarTveloSi

momuSave samTo-geologiuri kompaniebi xSirad iyeneben moZvelebul da

gaumarTav teqnologiebs, riTac mniSvnelovan zians ayeneben garemos.

axali teqnologiebis danergva ki did kapitaldabandebasTanaa

dakavSirebuli. amitom am saqmianobaTa garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebisas

mopovebiTi saqmianobiT garemosTvis potenciurad miyenebuli zianisa da

misi Tavidan acilebisaTvis saWiro investiciebis Sejereba-dabalansebis

safuZvelze unda moxdes adekvaturi teqnologiis SerCeva da Sesabamisi

emisiebis SeTanxmeba/damtkiceba.

garemoze mineraluri resursebis mopovebis zemoqmedebis Sefasebisas

gasaTvaliswinebelia, rom myari mineraluri resursis TiToeul saxes

aqvs mopovebisa da gadamuSavebis misTvis damaxasiaTebeli Tavisebureba

da garemosdacviTi problemebic gansxvavebulia TiToeuli maTganisaTvis.

aucilebelia saqmianobis saxelmwifo kontrolis makontrolebeli

organos (garemos dacvis inspeqciis) warmomadgenlebs am riskebis da

maTi Tavidan acilebis an Serbilebis programebis Sefaseba SeeZloT.

samwuxarod, garemos dacvis inspeqcias dReisaTvis sakmarisi raodenobis

Sesabamisi specialobis mqone kadrebi (geologebi, samToelebi,

hidrogeologebi da sxv.) ar hyavs da am mxriv aucilebelia inspeqciis

SesaZleblobaTa gaZliereba.

aucilebelia, agreTve gaZlierdes garemos monitoringi im samTomopovebiTi

da gadamamuSavebeli sawarmoebis garSemo, romelTa

saqmianobac saSiS nivTierebebTan da mZime metalebTan aris

dakavSirebuli. monitoringi ar unda Semoifarglebodes mxolod

regulirebis obieqtis axlos garemos faqtorebis kontroliT, aramed

unda exebodes moSorebul teritoriebsac, radgan gasaTvaliswinebelia

dambinZurebelTa haerisa da wylis saSualebiT gadatanis SesaZlebloba.

mTeli rigi samTomopovebiTi teritoriebi istoriulad

dabinZurebulia jer kidev sabWoTa kavSiris mier ganxorcielebuli

samTo-mopovebiTi saqmianobebis Sedegad. dRevandeli mompovebeli

kompaniebi am dabinZurebaze pasuxismgebeli ar arian. aucilebelia

SemuSavdes axali midgomebi dabinZurebuli teritoriebis aRdgenaremediaciis

mizniT. aucilebelia am mizniT SemuSavdes programebi,


moZiebuli iqnas dabinZurebuli teritoriebis aRdgenis xarjebi,

gaZlerdes TanamSromloba saxelmwofosa da dRevandel mflobel

kompaniebs Soris. am mxriv misasalmebelia rigi mewarmeebis iniciativebi.

magaliTad, 2006 wlis noembridan saaqcio sazogadoeba `madneulSi~,

romelic bolnisis madans amuSavebs, funqcionirebs Sromis

usafrTxoebis, janmrTelobis dacvisa da ekologiis samsaxuri, romlis

mimarTulebaa sawarmos teritoriaze arsebuli istoriuli dabinZurebis

aRmofxvra da garemoze SesaZlo mavne zemoqmedebis Semarbilebeli

RonisZiebebis gatareba. am mimarTulebiT sawarmo aqtiurad

TanamSromlobs saqarTvelos garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis

saministrosTan.

gamoyenebuli literatura:

1. R Gigauri, M. Gakhutishvili, K. Giorgadze & Z. Machaidze, A Method of Sodium

Dithioarsenate(V) Production from Hydrometaiiurgical Industrial Wastes of Non-ferrous

and Noble Metals, Proc. Georgian Acad. Sci. 2004, 30, 205.

2. R. Gigauri, I. Chelidze, A. Chiraqadze, M. Gakhutishvili, R. Sakhvadze The New

Technology of Production of High Pure Metallic Arsenic. First International

Conference on Nanochemistry and Nanotechnologies, March 23-24, 2010. Tbilisi,

Georgia

3. M. Gakhutishvili and R. Gigauri Arsenic Removals. International Conference and

Exhibition, Batumi-Spring-2010.

4. r. gigauri, g. CaCava, dariSxani da garemomcveli buneba Tbilisis

universitetis gamomcemloba, Tbilisi, 2004

5. mdinare rionis auzSi mTavari damabinZurebeli wyaroebis (`cxeli

wertilebis~) identificireba da Sefaseba (Identification and Evaluation of

Pollution Sources (Hot Spots) in the River Rioni Basin), CENN, 2008 w.

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