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evropis sabWos axali direqtivawyaldidobebTan dakavSirebiTevropis sabWos 2007/60/ direqtiva wyaldidobis riskis Sefasebisa da menejmentis SesaxebZalaSi Sevida 2007 wlis 26 noembers. am direqtivis mixedviT wevr qveynebs evaleba wylissavali yvela mimarTuleba da sanapiro zolis wyaldidobis riskis qveS yofnis Sefaseba,wyaldidobis gavrcelebis da am zonaSi riskis qveS myofi aqtivebis da adamianebisrukaze datana da adeqvaturi da koordinirebuli zomebis miReba wyaldidobasTandakavSirebuli riskis Sesamcireblad. es direqtiva agreTve zrdis sazogadoebisuflebebs miiRon informacia da Tavisi azri gamoTqvan dagegmarebis procesSi.es direqtiva SemoTavazebuli iyo eropis komisiis mier 18/01/2006 da sabolood gamoicaoficialur JurnalSi 2007 wlis 6 noembers. am direqtivis mizania im riskis Sefaseba damarTva, rac wyaldidobas SeiZleba hqondes adamianis janmrTelobaze, garemoze,kulturul memkvidreobasa da ekonomikur saqmianobaze. direqtivis moTxovnaa wevrmaqveyneba Tavdapirvelad Caataron winaswari Sefaseba 2011 wlamde, mdinareebis auzebis damaTTan dakavSirebuli sanapiro zolebis wyaldidobasTan riskis qveS yofnisSesafaseblad. aseTi zonebisTvis maT unda Seqmnan wyaldidobasTan dakavSirebuli riskisrukebi 2013 wlisTvis da Camoayalibon wyaldidobasTan dakavSirebuli riskis marTvisgegmebi, romlebic fokusirebuli iqneba prevenciaze, dacvaze da mzadyofnaze 2015wlisTvis. direqtiva exeba Sida da sanapiro wylebs evropis sabWos mTeli teritoriisfarglebSi.es direqtiva unda Sesruldes wylis CarCo direqtivasTan koordinaciaSi,gansakuTrebiT wyaldidobasTan dakavSirebuli riskis marTvis da mdinareebis auzebismarTvis gegmebis koordinirebiT da sajaro monawileobis procedurebis koordinaciiTam gegmebis momzadebisas. yvela momzadebuli Sefaseba, ruka da gegma misawvdomi undaiyos sazogadoebisTvis.wevrma qveynebma unda agreTve moaxdinon wyaldidobasTan dakavSirebuli riskis marTviskoordinacia saerTo mdinareebis auzebSi, mesame qveynebTan koordinirebis CaTvliT, dasolidarulad ar Caataron iseTi qmedebebi, romlebic gazrdis wyaldidobis risksmezobel qveynebSi. wevrma qveynebma mxedvelobaSi unda miiRon movlenaTa grZelvadianiganviTareba, rac moicavs havis Secvlas da miwis mdgradi gamoyenebis praqtikaswyaldidobasTan dakavSirebuli riskis marTvis ciklis farglebSi, razec saubaria amdireqtivaSi.istoria1998 da 2004 wlebs Soris evropam ganicada 100-ze meti didi, damazianebeli wyaldidoba,2002 wlis zafxulSi mdinareebze dunai da elba momxdari katastrofuli wyaldidobebisCaTvliT. 2005 wels momxdarma mZime wyaldidobebma kidev ufro gaaZliera SeTanxmebuliqmedebebis saWiroeba. 1998 wlis Semdeg, evropaSi momxdarma wyaldidobebma 700-mdeadamianis daRupva, TiTqmis naxevari milioni adamianis iZulebiTi gadaadgileba daTiTqmis 25 milardi evros odenobis zarali gamoiwvia.katastrofuli wyaldidobebi sicocxles emuqreba da adamianebTan dakavSirebultragediebsa da mZime ekonomikur zarals iwvevs. wyaldidoba bunebrivi movlenaa, magramSesabamisi zomebis miRebiT SesaZlebelia wyaldidobis albaTobis Semcireba da maTigavlenis SezRudva. ekonomikuri da socialuri zaralis garda, wyaldidobasSesaZlebelia mZime ekologiuri Sedegi moyves, magaliTad, iseTi nagebobebis datborva,sadac inaxeba didi raodenobiT toqsikuri qimiuri masalebi an daWaobeuli teritoriebisda zianeba. momaval aTwleulebSi mosalodnelia wyaldidobis gazrdili riski evropaSida meti ekonomikuri zarali.2

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