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Tanamedrove energoefeqturi teqnologiebis da ... - Tkibuli Tea

Tanamedrove energoefeqturi teqnologiebis daganaTebis iniciativakorporatiuli xelSekruleba # 114-A-00-05-00106-00SemzRudavi konstruqciisTbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtireba gazrdilienergoefqturobis doniT da energopasportisSemuSaveba saavadmyofos SenobisTvis dmanisSi(proeqtirebis etapi)aRniSnul angariSSi mowodebuli informacia ar aris aSS.-s mTavrobisoficialuri informacia da, Sesabamisad, ar gamoxatavs aSS.saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentosa da aSS.-s mTavrobis pozicias.


energopasportis angariSiTbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebagazrdili energoefqturobis doniT daenergopasportis SemuSaveba saavadmyofosSenobisTvis dmanisSi (proeqtirebis etapi)momzadebulia: USAID/kavkasiisTvissaqarTvelo, Tbilisi 0131jorj balanCinis q. 11proeqtis farglebSi: Tanamedrove energoefeqturi teqnologiebisa daganaTebis iniciativa (NATELI)saqarTvelo, Tbilisi 0105i. WavWavaZis me-2 Cixi#4-8, bina 6/tel.: +995 32 50 63 43faqsi: +995 32 93 53 52momzadebulia mdgradi ganviTarebis da politikis centris miervinrok interneSenalisTvisTbilisi, 2011 wlis aprili2


sarCevi1. reziume ................................................................................................................................ 42 Sesavali .................................................................................................................................... 72.1 winapirobebi ................................................................................................................................................. 72.2 proeqtis ganxorcielebis procesi ............................................................................................... 93. proeqtis organizacia ......................................................................................................... 104 standartebi da wesebi .................................................................................................... 115 Senobis TbodacviTi donis proeqtireba energopasportis programis gamoyenebiT115.1 Senobis TbodacviTi donis proeqtireba gazrdili energoefeqturobiT .......... 115.2 energopasportis programaSi gamoyenebuli TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebisproeqtirebis meTodologia ............................................................................................................ 125.2.1 gare kedlebis TbodacviTi done ........................................................... 155.2.3 iatakis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebi ..................................................... 185.2.4 fanjrebis TbodacviTi done .................................................................... 195.2.5 karebebis TbodacviTi done .................................................................. 206. energomoxmareba .................................................................................................................... 216.1 energiis sabazo da efeqturi moxmareba, romelic efuZnebasaavadmyofos Senobis SemomzRudavi konstruqciis gazrdilTbodacviT dones .................................................................................................................................... 216.1.1 sabazo da energoefeqturi moxmareba dmanisis saavadmyofosSenobisTvis ...................................................................................................... 216.2. energomoxmarebis gamoTvla energopasportis SedegebzedayrdnobiT ...................................................................................................... 237. energoefeqturobis potenciali .................................................................................. 268 rentabelurobis analizi energoefeqturobaze dayrdnobiT ............................... 278.1 Senobis SemomzRudavi konstruqciebis gazrdili TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis ekonomikuri gamoTvlebi ............................................................................. 278.2 energoefeqturobis rentabelurobasTan dakavSirebuli sxvarekomendaciebi .......................................................................................................................................... 299. ekologiuri sargebeli .................................................................................................. 31danarTi a .................................................................................................................................. 32danarTi b .................................................................................................................................. 453


1. reziume20 adgiliani zogadi profilis saavadmyofos Senoba dmanisSierT-erTi im saavadmyofoTagania, romlebic saqarTvelos masStabiTsadazRvevo kompaniis mier Sendeba. es erT-erTia im kompaniebisgan,romlebmac hospitaluri seqtoris ganviTarebis programis farglebSigamocxadebul tenderSi gaimarjves. Kkompaniebma aiRes valdebuleba,saqarTvelos masStabiT saavadmyofoebis mSeneblobaze da yvelabeneficiaris sadazRvevo momsaxurebiT uzrunvelyofaze.“vinrok interneSenalma” qvekontraqtorad aiyvana “mdgradiganviTarebis da politikis centri”, imisaTvis, rom am ukanasknelsdaeproeqtebina dmanisis saavadmyofos Senobis SemzRudavikonstruqciis yvela struqturuli elementis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebi gazrdili energoefeqturobis doniT, agreTve SeeqmnaSenobis energopasporti energosertificirebis reitinguli sistemisgamoyenebiT.es angariSi inicirebulia rogorc daxmareba, romelsac “vinrokinterneSnali” uwevs sadazRvevo kompania “alians medi pluss”,romelic amJamad dakavSirebulia “ai-si jgufTan”, proeqt “naTelis”farglebSi, romlis saqmianoba saqarTvelos hospitalur seqtorSienergoefeqturi RonisZiebebis ganxocielebas gulisxmobs. es proeqtiaSS saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentos mier arisadministrirebuli. “vinrok interneSenali”-ma ramdenime sadazRvevokompanias, rogorebicaa “irao medi”, “jipiai holdingi”, “ai-si jgufi”,saavadmyofoebis SenobebisTvis energoauditebisa da energopasportebis SemuSavebaSi daxmareba gauwia.Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis anu struqturis ZiriTadifunqciaa Sida sivrceebis garemosgan gamoyofa. igi asrulebserTgvari damcavi Sris funqcias kondicirebis sistemebTanerTobliobaSi, raTa SenarCunebul iqnas Senobis Sida klimaturipirobebi da xeli Seuwyos mis klimatur kontrols. SenobisSemzRudavi konstruqciis proeqtireba warmoadgens specializirebularqiteqturul da sainJinro praqtikis erTobliobas, romelicefuZneba samSeneblo mecnierebas da Sida klimatis kontrols. maRaliTbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis SenobebSi SemzRudavi konstruqciaamcirebs energiis moxmarebas da masze garemos gavlenas Senobisarsebobis mTeli drois ganmavlobaSi. Senobis SemzRudavikonstruqciis proeqtireba moiTxovs arqiteqtorebis, mSenebeliinJinrebis da samSeneblo Tboteqnikosi inJinrebis Senobisintegrirebuli midgomis SemuSavebas, romlis mizania SemzRudavikonstruqciis gazrdili energo efeqturobiT uzrunvelyofa.4


Senobis struqturis inovaciuri daproeqteba, energoefeqturobisgaTvaliswinebiT, energomoxmarebis mniSvnelovani Semcirebissawindaria. aseTi Semcirebis miRweva SesaZlebelia energoefeqturisamSeneblo blokebiT (erT feniani samSeneblo sistema) an mravalfeniani fasaduri sistemiT. es sistema gulisxmobs Cveulebriv,farTod gamoyenebul araefeqtur samSeneblo blokebs damatebiTiizolaciis feniT. mTeli rigi samSeneblo masalebi da produqtebi,romlebic gamoiyeneba maRali TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis Senobebisdaproeqtebisas rig ganviTarebul qveynebSi SemuSavebuli dawarmatebiT gamoyenebulia.mSeneblobis procesma SesaZlebelia seriozuli gavlena iqoniosSenobis garsis struqturis SerCevaze gadawyvetilebis miRebisasgazrdili energoefeqturobis miRwevis uzrunvelsayofad. zogjeraseTi gadawyvetileba miiReba mSeneblobis procesSi, magaliTad,rogorc es “alians medi plisis” SemTxvevaSi moxda. KkompaniisxelmZRvanelobam miiRo gadawyvetileba, Senobis struqtura gazrdilenergoefeqtur donemde aeyvana energiis dazogvis mizniT, maSinrodesac Senobis ZiriTadi daproeqteba ukve dasrulebuli iyo. aseTSemTxvevaSi, erTaderTi gamosavalia damatebiTi izolaciis fenisgamoiyeneba.Senobis struqturuli komponentebis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis Sefaseba SesaZlebelia “energopasportis”eleqtronuli modeliT, romelSic mTeli Senoba ganixileba, rogorcerTi mTliani siTburi erTeuli. es aZlevs Tboteqnikos inJinerssaSualebas ganixilos Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciisgaumjobesebis da Sesabamisad gaTbobis sistemaze datvirTvisSemcirebis mravali varianti. am gamoTvlebTan erTad damatebiTgamoiyeneba Senobis energosertificireba. energosertificirebassafuZvlad udevs klasifikaciis kriteriumebi, romelic momdinareobsTbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis saproeqto gamoTvlebidan dagansazRvravs Tburi balansis gantolebis komponentebze dafuZnebulkuTr energomoxmarebas. “energopasporti” erTi wlis ganmavlobaSigaTbobis sistemis mTliani datvirTvis gansazRvris saSualebasiZleva.“energopasportis” eleqtronuli programis sertificirebisnawili mocemulia 1.1 naxatSi. qvemoT SegiZliaT dmanisissaaavadmyofos TbodacviTi donis daproeqtebis Sedegebi ixiloT.5


SenobaTa energoefeturobis tipebidadgenili tipiranJireba, (kj/m 3o CdRe ) (kj/m 3o CdRe )axali da rekonstruirebuli SenobebiAZalian maRali


ekonomikur gamoTvlebSi gamoyenebuli 10.47% -realurisaprocento ganakveTi miRebulia 14%-iani nominaluri saprocentoganakveTidan da 3.15 %-iani oficialuri inflaciis ganakveTidan. 22 Sesavali2.1 winapirobebigazrdilma fasebma energomatareblebze, iseve rogor klimatiscvlilebebTan dakavSirebulma sakiTxebma adamianebis sxvadasxvasaqmianobebSi energomoxmarebis Semcirebis Sesaxeb gaTviTcnobierebasSeuwyo xeli. vinaidan Senobebi energiis umsxviles momxmareblebswarmoadgenen, energiis/siTbos moxmarebis Semcireba am seqtorSiuaRresad mniSvnelovania. energoefeqturoba, erT-erTi saukeTesosaSualebaa, aseTi Semcirebis – optimaluri xarji/xarisxTanSefardebis misaRwevad. ganviTarebulma qveynebma ukve aiTvises axalimidgoma, romelic orientirebulia SenobebSi energomoxmarebisSemcirebaze, xolo samSeneblo normebi energoefeqturobassavaldebulos xdis. magaliTad evrokavSiris direqtiva “SenobebisenergomaxasiaTeblebis” (2001/0098) Taobaze, warmoadgens SenobebSienergoefeqturobis miRwevis erTgvar saxelmZRvanelos. TiToeulievrokavSiris wevri qveyana valdebulia miiRos samSeneblokodebi/normebi romelic unda TanxvedraSi iyos moyvanili 2001/0098direqtivis moTxovnebTan. Eenergoefeqturoba pirdapir damokidebulia Senobisstruqturuli komponentebis TbodacviT maxasiaTeblebze. maRalienergo efeqturobiT daproeqtebul SemzRudavi konstruqciisTbodacviTi Tvisebebs, SeuZlia energiis/siTbos moxmarebis 40-50%-iTSemcireba. energoefeqturobis gamoTvlis meTodologia efuZneba”gradus dReebis” midgomas da zemoT aRniSnuli direqtivissaxelmZRvanelo principebi miznad isaxavs, rogorc axali, asevearsebuli Senobebis energosertificirebas maTi rekonstruqciisSeTxvevaSi.saqarTveloSi, axlo warsulSi gare kedlebi Sendeboda ZvelisabWouri principebis Sesabamisad, romelTa struqturulimaxasiaTeblebi sruliad ar asaxavdnen energoefeqturobis dones.dReisTvis kar-fanjrebi ormagi SeminviT warmoadgenen erTaderTinovaciur struqturul komponentebs, romlebic axal SenobebSigamoiyeneba, maSin rodesac kedlebis amoyvana, kvlavac Cveulebrivi,araefeqturi blokebiT (umetesad cementis) xdeba.amave dros, energoefeqturobis ideam saqarTveloSimniSvnelovani mxardaWera moipova adgilobrivi sadazRevo kompaniebismxridan, romelTac energoefeqturobis doniT gamorCeuli SenobebisaSeneba gadawyvites. am midgomam satesto Semowmeba programa2 wliuri inflaciis ganakveTi 3/2% momzadda ENSI - is ekonomikuri programiT.7


“energetikis ganviTareba soflad” da “naTeli”-is proeqtis farglebSigaiara.proeqti “naTeli”, romelic ganixilavs energoefeqturobissakiTxs, rogorc mis erT-erT prioritets, sadazRvevo kompaniebssaavadmyofoebis Senobebis SemzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis daproeqtebaSi da sertificirebis gaTvaliswinebiTSenobis energopasportis SemuSavebaSi daxmarebas uwevs. SedegebmaaCvena, rom saqarTvelos klimaturi pirobebis gaTvliswinebiTSesaZlebelia mcire investiciebiT energo dazogvis miRweva.proeqt “naTelis” qvekontraqtors mdgradi ganviTarebis dapolitikis centrs gaaCnia gamocdileba saqarTvelos masStabiTganxorcielebul axal saavadmyofoTa mSeneblobis procesSi, racmaRali TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebis sistemis danergvisSemuSavebas gulisxmobs. Cevulebriv, mdgradi ganviTarebis dapolitikis centri kompaniebs gare kedlebis erTmagi feniTmSeneblobisTvis samSeneblo masalad perlitis blokebis gamoyenebasurCevs, romlebic saqarTvelos bazarze advilad moipoveba.“naTelis” proeqtis farglebSi SerCeuli iyo dmanisSi mdebaresaavadmyofo misi SemzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebisTvis energoefeqturobis gazrdilidoniT. angariSSi aseve mocemulia energopasporti, romelic amowmebssertificirebis reitings dmanisis saavadmyofos SenobisaTvis.“aliansi medi plusis” SemTxvevaSi, gadawyda kompaniisaTvismravalfeniani gare kedlebis aSenebis SeTavazeba. Ees gadawyvetilebaefuZneba arsebul situacias, rodesac kompaniam gare kedlebismSeneblobisas gamoiyena araefeqturi samSeneblo blokebi, es moxdamanam, sanam kompaniis administraciam gaiazra energo danazogebismniSvneloba. am SemTxvevaSi gare kedlebisTvis izolacia gamoiyenebarogorc meore fena, rac energoefeqturobis standartebTanTanxvedras uzrunvelyofs.detaluri Sefasebis Sedegebi mocemulia angariSSi.8


2.2 proeqtis ganxorcielebis procesiproeqtis ganxorcielebis procesi moicavs Senobis SemzRudavikonstruqciis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebiss daproeqtebasa daenergopasportis momzadebas “energopasportis’ eleqtronuliprogramis gamoyenebiT. proeqtis ganxorcielebis mTliani procesiSedgeba 6 mTavari saqmianobisgan, rogorc warmodgenilia grafikSiqvemoT.9


3. proeqtis organizaciaproeqtis/Senobis/obieqtissaxelwodeba:20 sawoliani saavadmyofos SenobadmanisSimisamarTi: Tbilisi, mosaSvilis q. 24sakontaqto piri:telefoni:elfosta:roli proeqtSi:Senobis mflobeli:Senobis TbodacviTi donisdaproeqtebisa da“energopasportis”proeqtirebis sakontaqto pirimisamarTi:telefoni:arCil axalkaci897 001 910 (mobiluri)aakhalkatsi@alliancemed.gesargeblis mimRebi, “alians-mediplusi” sadazRvevo kompania “aisijgufTan” erTad miiRebs bolnisSi 20sawoliani saavadmyofoes SenobisTbodacviTi donis proeqts, misteqnikur da ekonomikur Sefasebasenergomoxmarebis kuTxiT daenergopasports saavadmyofos SenobisSemzRudavi konstruqciis miniWebuliklasifikaciis sistemiT.Sps-“alians-medi plusi”karina meliqiZeTbilisi, al.yazbegis q. #34, nakveTi #3, oTaxi 104(99532) 206773 (ofisi)faqsi: (99532) 420060el-fosta:roli proeqtSikonsultanti:telefoni:roli proeqtSi:kmelikidze@sdap.ge; kmelikidze@hotmail.compasuxismgebelia SemzRudavikonstruqciis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis daproeqtebasa daenergopasportis momzadebaSi“energopasportis’ eleqtronuliprogramis gamoyenebiTTengiz jiSkariani – saqarTvelosteqnikuri universitetis profesori893 79 00 84 (mobiluri)SemzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis daproeqtebis jgufiswevri10


4 standartebi da wesebiqvemoT gansazRvrulia standartebi da wesebi, romlebicSeesabameba energoefeqturobisa da modernizaciis RonisZiebebs: Senobebis Tbodacva SNIP 23-02-2003 Senobebis TbodacviTi donis daproeqteba SP 23-101-2004 samSeneblo Tboteqnika SNIP II-3-79 * -1996 IECC saerTaSoriso energiis konservaciis kodeqsi 2009EN ISO 13790 2004 –is Senobebis Tbodacva - gaangariSebisevropuli standarti gasaTbobi farTobisTvis saWiroenergomoxmarebis gansazRvris mizniT. samSeneblo masalis fasebi saqarTvelos bazarze (2010 – 2bloki) SemuSavebuli saqarTvelos mSeneblobis SemfasebelTagaerTianebis mier (saqarTvelo, Tbilisi, a. WavWavaZis 5).5 Senobis TbodacviTi donis proeqtireba energopasportisprogramis gamoyenebiT5.1 Senobis TbodacviTi donis proeqtireba gazrdilienergoefeqturobiTmSeneblobis axali normebi, romlebic ganviTarebul qveynebSidainergeba, gansakuTrebul mniSvnelobas aniWebs Senobis garsisgazrdili TbodacviTi donis moTxovnas. Ees axali normebiiTvaliswinebs energo efeqturobas, romelic gamoTvlilia “gradus –dReebis” mixedviT. Senobis geometriis integrirebuli Sefaseba misSemzRudav konstruqciebTan kombinaciaSi - kedlebTan, fanjrebTan,karebebTan, iataksa da saxuravis sistemebTan qmnis TburimaxasiaTeblebis gaumjobesebisadmi inovaciuri midgomis safuZvels.es uzrunvelyofs unikalur SesaZleblobas, SeirCes optimaluriTermuli winaRobis R-sidide mTliani Senobis TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebis koncefciaze dayrdnobiT. es asevemoicavs misi konstruqciis yvela komponentis optimaluriTbogamtarobis koeficientiebis dadgenas.es midgoma gamoyenebul iyo “alians medi plus-is” mier dmanisSimSenebare saavadmyofosTvis. TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtisSefaseba Sesrulda energopasportis eleqtronuli programisgamoyenebiT, rac miznad isaxavda Senobis yvela gare komponentisoptimaluri gazrdili R-Termuli winaRobis sididis gansazRvras.Sefasebis saboloo mizani am SenobaSi energiis moxmarebis SemcirebismiRwevaa.11


is klimaturi monacemebi, romelic iyo gamoyenebuli ”gaTbobisgradus dReebis” (ggd) gamosaangariSeblad energopasportiseleqtronul programaSi, aRebulia saqarTvelos samecnierogamoyenebiTi monacemebis cnobaridan (nawili 1). ggd gamoTvla moxdazogadi formulis Sesabamisad:ggd = (t in – t heat.per )x Z heat.per ( 1 )sadac:t in - aris Sida temperatura, 0 C;t heat.per – saSualo temperatura gaTbobis periodSi;Z heat.per – dReebis raodenoba gaTbobis periodSidmanisSi ganTavsebuli saavadmyofos ggd Cveni gamoTvlebiTgansazRvrulia rogorc:ggd = (21 –2.9) x 182 = 43505.2 energopasportis programaSi gamoyenebuli TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebis meTodologiaerTi gaTbobis sezonis ganmavlobaSi Senobis gaTbobisaTvissaWiro havaze morgebuli energiis kuTri moxmarebis sididewarmoadgens sakvanZo pirobas saTanado energoefeqturi RonisZiebebisgansasazRvrad. energiis kuTri moxmarebis parametri SemoTavazebulia,rogorc siTbos is raodenoba, romelic saWiroa gaTbobis sezonisganmavlobaSi Senobis mTliani farTobis kvadratuli metris anmoculobis kuburi metrisaTvis gradus dReSi, romelic izomebakj/(m 20 CdRe) an kj/(m 30 CdRe) - Si.Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis gazrdili TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebi ganisazRvreba erTi gradusi dRis ganmavlobaSienergiis kuTri moxmarebiT da efuZneba qvemoT CamoTvlil samprincips: standartis Sesabamisi kuTri Tburi moxmarebis donis dadgenaSesafasebeli Senobis tipisTvis da gaTbobis gradus dReebisgaangariSeba Sesaferisi klimaturi pirobebisTvis.saqarTvelosTvis standartis Sesabamisi Tbodacvis donedadginda saukeTeso saerTaSoriso praqtikis analizis da axalirusuli da evropuli energoefeqturobis normebis mixedviT; damproeqtebels unda gaaCndes Tavisufleba, rom miaRwiosoptimalur TbodacviT dones, romelic efuZneba mTlianiSenobis energomoxmarebis moTxovnas, misi calkeulielementebisTvis sxvadasxva versiebis SerCeviT. standartisSesabamisi TbodacviTi donis gansazRvra xdeba SemzRudavikonstruqciis calkeuli elementebisTvis Senobis mTlianienergomoxmarebis moTxovnaze dayrnobiT. konkretuli proeqtismixedviT ganisazRvreba Senobis kuTri Tburi moxmarebis sididegaTbobis sezonisTvis. energopasporti Sesrulebulia imisaTvis,rom Sedardes proeqtis kuTri Tburi moxmarebis sidide12


standartis Sesabamis donesTan Sesabamisobis damtkicebismizniT. xdeba Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis mTliani TermuliwinaRobis gaangariSeba, Sedegebis Sedareba gansazRvruldonesTan da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi proeqtSi cvlilebebisSetana.energoefeqturi Senobebis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebisproeqtirebasTan dakavSirebiT gasaTvaliswinebelia Semdegi mTavariprincipi:Senobis iseTi geometriuli formis SerCeva, romelic SeamcirebsTbodanakargebs;saproeqto midgoma, romelic miznad isaxavs Senobis garezedapiris farTobis moculobasTan Sefardebis Semcirebas;energiis moTxovnis Semcireba TbodacviTi donis gazrdiT haerisgamtarobis Semcirebis CaTvliT;haeris saTanado mimoqcevis uzrunvelyofa unda moxdes haerisorganizebuli Sewovis saSualebiT;Senobis gaTbobisaTvis saWiro energomoxmarebis moTxovnilebisdakmayofileba unda moxdes maqsimaluri efeqturobiT.urTierTkavSiri gare temperaturas, mzis radiaciasa da Sidatemperaturas Soris Senobis doneze ganisazRvreba misi orientaciiT,formiT da SemzRudavi konstruqciis Tbofizikuri maxasiaTeblebiT.Sesabamisad Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis klimatze orientirebulproeqts gaaCnia siTburi komfortuli pirobebis gaumjobesebis daenergiis moxmarebis Semcirebis didi potenciali.Senobis energiis moxmareba da TbodacviTi donis ranJirebaxdeba misi Tburi maxasiaTeblebis Sefasebis safuZvelze. es Sefasebaaseve, safuZvels uyris rekomendaciebs SemzRudavi konstruqciissxvadasxva komponentebis Sesaferisi samSeneblomasalebis/produqtebis SerCevas.gazrdili energoefeqturobiT TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebisproeqtirebis Sefaseba Sps “aliansi medi plusis” mier dmanisSiasaSenebeli 20 sawoliani saavadmyofoebis SenobisaTvis Sesruldaenergopasportis eleqtronuli programis gamoyenebiT. Senobisproeqti (geometriuli forma) mokled aRwerilia qvemoT mocemulcxrilSi 5.1.13


cxrili 5.1moculobiT-gegmarebiTi parameterebi simbolo sazomi erTeuli mniSvnelobagasaTbobi farTis mTlianistruqturuli moculobaV h m 3 5103.2Senobis mTliani farTobi A l m 2 1601.2Senobis gasaTbobi nawilis garekedlebis mTliani farTobi, maT Asum e m 2Soris:2570.8- kedlebi, fanjrebis CaTvliT,aivnebi, Sesasvleli karebebi,A w+F+ed m 2 842.8vitraJebi- kedlebi A w m 2 707.4- fanjrebi da aivnis karebebi A F m 2 91.9maT Soris: fanjrebi da aivnebisAkarebebi kibisa da liftis ujredSiFA m 2 0- vitraJebi A F m 2 0- erkerebi A F m 2 0- Sesasvleli karebi da alayafiskarebiA ed m 2 43.5-saxuravebi (gaerTianebuli) A w m 2 864-sxvenis Weri (sxveni ar Tbeba) A c m 2 0-sxvenis Weri (gaTbobiT) A c m 2 0- Weri teqnikur sardafebSi A f m 2 0-sardafebisa da saTavsoebis Weri,romelic ar TbebaA f m 2 0- gasasvlelebisa da erkerebis Weri A f m 2 0-gruntze ganlagebuli iataki - sul A f 864fanjrebisa da aivnebis karebebisfarTobis Tanafardoba kedlebisfarTobTan fanjrebisa da aivnebisp -- 0.11karebebis CaTvliT: A F/A w+F+edSenobis kompaqturoba Asum e /V h kdes e 0.50Senobis forma gavlenas axdens SemzRudavi konstruqciiszedapiris moculobasTan Tanafardobis koeficientze, romelicgansazRvravs Senobis gare temperaturisa da mzis gamosxivebisgandaculobis xarisxs da Sesabamisad gavlenas axdens Senobasa da14


garemos Soris siTbos cvlis doneze. Senobis geometriuli formawinaswar Sefasda zemoT aRwerili “oTxi ZiriTadi principis”Sesabamisad. rogorc moculobiT-gegmarebiTi parametrebis cxrilidanCans, Senobis kompaqturobis koeficienti ganisazRvreba Semdegnairad:k e des = A e sum /V h =2570.8/ 5103.2 =0.50gamoTvlili sidide Senobis kompaqturobis moTxovnilebisdadgenil doneზე naklebia. Senobis kompaqturobis moTxovnilebisdadgenili done gamoTvlilia eleqtronuli pasportis Sesabamisad,romelic Seadgens k des e =0.61. (Senobis kompaqturobis indeqsis niSnulisabolood ar aris Sefasebuli). Uunda aRiniSnos, rom Senobisgeometriuli parametrebi kargad iqna daproeqtebuli, Tumca Senobiskompaqturobis indeqsi kvlavindeburad dabalia.samSeneblo masalaTa da produqtebis Sefaseba SesruldaSenobis calkeuli komponentisTvis SemzRudavi konstruqciisTbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis gazrdaze mimarTuli proeqtis SeqmnisTvalsazrisiT. gazrdili TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebasmoyveba Senobis mier siTbos moxmarebis Semcireba, rac moiTxovsSemzRudavi konstruqciebis (kedlebis, saxuravis, sxvenis iatakis,pirveli sarTulis iatakis) damatebiTi izolaciis da energoefeqturifanjrebisa da aivnebis karebebis damontaJebis saWiroebis ganxilvas(dagmanuli vitraJebiani saTavsoebis CaTvliT).Senobis SemzRudveli konstruqciis parametrebis Sefasebamizolaciis parametrebis dadgenis mizniT, upiratesoba mianiWamasalebs dabali Tbogamtarobis koeficientiT - λ W/mK.Tbogamtarobis koeficienti aris samSeneblo masalis siTburikontrolis umniSvnelovanesi maxasiaTebeli, romelic ganapirobebsmaT unars winaaRmdegoba gauwion Senobidan siTbos gadinebas.5.2.1 gare kedlebis TbodacviTi doneSenobis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis Sefaseba, iseve rogorcenergopasportis SemuSaveba dmanisis saavadmyofosTvis, misimSeneblobis periodSi daiwyo. sadazRvevo kompaniis sainJinro jgufismier gare kedlebis aSenebisTvis “Cveulebrivi”, farTod gamoyenebuliblokebi SeirCa. Senobis Eenergoefeqturobis misaRebi parametrebismiRwevis mizniT, mdgradi ganviTarebis da politikis centrmasadazRvevo kompanias Cveulebriv blokebiT aSenebul kedlebze,izolaciis fenis dadeba SesTavaza.cxril 5.2-Si mocemulia ZiriTadi informacia dmanisSiganlagebuli saavadmyofos tipuri SenobisaTvis, romelic SeicavsCveulebrivi blokebiT naSenebi gare kedlebis gaangariSebas daiTvaliswinebs Senobis orientacias horizontis mxareebis Sesabamisad.15


cxrili 5.2gare kedlebis mTlianifarTobi707.4 m 2 ²U-Tbogadacemiskoeficienti(saSualo)0.537 v/m 20 Corientacia C C-a a s-a s s-d d C-dkadlis farTobi m 2 294.66 102.59 208.97 101.13masalis tipiCveulebriviblokebiCveulebriviblokebiCveulebriviblokebiCveulebriviblokebiblokebis zoma, sm 40x20x20 40x20x20 40x20x20 40x20x20izolaciis tipiTboteqnikurigaangariSebiTmiRebuli kedlebisTermuli winaRobiskoeficienti RgazrdilienergoefeqturobisgaTvaliswinebiTenergopasportiseleqtronuliprogramiTgansazRvruli R -TermuliwinaRobiskoeficientimineraluri mineraluri mineraluri mineraluribambabambabambabambaCveulebrivi mZime blokebiT axlad aSenebuli kedlebis mTlianiTermuli winaRobis koeficientis gamoTvlis dros ganisazRvra, romam bolokebis R koeficienti ar gadaaWarbebda savaldebuloTermuli winaRobis dones, rac dmanisisTvis Seadgens: R=0.632 m 20 C /W.mineraluri an qvis bambis izolaciis fena sisqiT: σ= 0.05mdaaxloebiT λ=0.5 v/m K TbogamtarobiT SemoTavazebuli iyo rogorcgaredan damatebiTi fena. kedlis gare zedapirze datanili sqelibaTqaSi fena (sisqiT σ= 0.03m) iseve rogorc Sida zedapiris baTqaSisnalesi iyo gaTvaliswinebuli Tboteqnikuri gaTvlebisas. amgaangariSebebSi Semdegi ricxvebi iyo gaTvaliswinebuli: garebaTqaSis fena - cementisa da qviSis nalesi sisqiT: δ=0.03 m, λ=0.93 v/m K;Sida baTqaSis nalesi – δ=0.01m, λ=0.25 v/m K. kedlebis zedapirisgamyarebis mizniT mineraluri/ qvis bambasTan erTad unda iyosgamoyenebuli minis boWkos bade.qvemoT moyvanilia SerCeuli masalebis sia gare kedlebisTvis:-baTqaSis nalesi – δ=0.01m, λ=0.25 v/m K.- Cveulebrivi blokebi;- mineraluri/qvis bamba (σ= 0.05m , λ=0.5 v/m K ) xis ZeliT gamagrebisTvis;- minis boWkos bade;- gare baTqaSis fena – cementisa da kviSis nalesi (δ=0.03 m, λ=0.93 v/m K)romelic daitaneba minis boWkos badeze;-wyalgaumtari rezinis msgavsi saRebavikedlebis mTliani Termuli winaRobis koeficienti ganisazRvrarogorc:R0 = Rin+Rc+Rout = 1/8.7+0.01/0.25+0.05/0.05+0.632+0.03/0.93+1/23=1.86m 2 0 C/vSesabamisad, Tbogadacemis miaxloebiTi koeficienti Seadgens:U= 1/1.86= 0.537 v/m 20 K.1.86 m 2 0 C/v16


5.2.2 saxuravis TbodacviTi donesaxuravis TbodacviTi donis daproeqteba meore sarTuliszemoT arsebuli civi sxvenis gaTvaliswinebiT iTvaliswinebsgadaxurvis filis izolacias. saxuravis TboteqnikurimaxasiaTeblebis winaswari Sefaseba energopasportis eleqtronuliprogramiT Sesrulda. ganisazRvra, rom saxuravis TboteqnikurimaxasiaTeblebi unda iyos daaxloebiT R 0 =2.6 m 20 C/v raTa daakmayofilossaavadmyofos SemzRudavi konstruqciis gazrdili TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis saproeqto moTxovnebi.Aam miznis misaRwevad gadawydasaxuravis daproeqteba gazrdili energoefeqturobis doniT.qvemoT 5.4 cxrilSi mocemulia gaangariSebis Sedegebi, romelicmoicavs izolaciis gansazRvrul dones saxuravis yvela nawilisaTvis,saizolacio masalis tipis, aseve sisqis gaTvaliswinebiT.cxrili 5.4saxuravi (teqnikuri sarTulis Tavze da daproeqtebuli terasebis qveS)saxuravis proeqtis zogadi SefasebasaxuravisfarTobisaxuravis tipimTlianisaxuravi uSualodgasaTbobi farTis TavzeTbodacviTi donisdaproeqteba gazrdilienergoefeqturobiskoeficientiT teqnikurisarTulis Tavze daterasis qveS mdebarefilisTvisR -Termuli winaRobiskoeficientisTboteqnikurigaangariSebasaxuravisTvis864 m²masalis tipim1a/rkinabetonisfila σ 1 = 0.18 m,λ=2.04 v/m 0 C;rkinabetonis filaizolaciistipim2minabambissafarifolgazeσ=0.1 mU-Tbogadacemiskoeficienti(saSualo)masalis tipim3qviSacementismoWimvaσ = 0.03 mλ=0.93 v/m 0 C0.36 v/m 20 Cfilissisqeλ=0.04 v/m 0 CSenobis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis gaumjobesebis mizniT,rogorc es energopasportis eleqtronuli programiTSesrulebuli gaTvlebis Sesabamisad dadginda, aucilebeliameore sarTulis Tavze dagebuli yvela filis Tboizolacia.ganxorcielda saxuravis konstruqciis Sreebis gansazRvra daSerCeva, rogorc es mocemulia qvevidan zeviT mimarTulebiTdawyebuli rkinabetonis filidan:- wyalgaumtari fena;- minabambis fena - σ =0.1m, λ=0.04 v/m 0 K ;- wyalgaumtari fena;- qviSacementis moWimva - σ = 0.03m λ=0.93 v/m 0 K ;saxuravis konstruqciis Termuli winaRobis koeficientis R 0gansazRvris mizniT Sesrulebuli Tboteqnikuri gamoTvlebi ariTvaliswineben wyalgaumtar fenebs, amdenad isini proeqtSiSetanilia mxolod saxuravis datenianebisgan dacvis mizniT.mTliani Termuli winaRobis koeficienti saxuravis yvelanawilisTvis ganisazRvra rogorc:R 0= 1/ 8.7 + 0.18/2.04 +0.1/0.04 + 0.03/0.93 + 1/23= 2.78 m 2 0 C /vTbogadacemis koeficienti Seadgens: U= 1/2.78= 0.36 v/m 20 Cm17


energopasportiseleqtronuli programiTSerCeuli R- TermuliwinaRobis koeficienti2.78 m 20 C/v5.2.3 iatakis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebienergopasportis eleqtronuli programiT SesrulebuligamoTvlebiT gansazRvruli iyo Termuli winaRobis saproeqto doneiatakisTvis: R=3.81 m 20 C/v. amdenad, aucilebelia iatakis TermuliwinaRobis donis gazrda R=3.33 m 20 C/v dan optimalur donemde R=3.81m 20 C/v-mde. qvemoT mocemul cxrilSi 5.4 warmodgenilia TbosainJinrogamoTvlebi, romelic asaxavs pirveli sarTulisaTvis SerCeuldamatebiTi saizolacio fenebs.cxrili 5.4iatakiiatakis proeqtis zogadi SefasebaiatakisfarTobiiatakis tipiiatakismasalamTlianisamSenebloTbodacviTi donisdaproeqteba gazrdilienergoefeqturobiskoeficientiT gruntzeganlagebuliiatakisaTvisR -Termuli winaRobiskoeficientisTboteqnikurigaangariSebaiatakisTvisenergopasportiseleqtronuliprogramiT SerCeuliR- Termuli winaRobiskoeficientirkinabetonis fila864 m 2 U- Tbogadacemiskoeficienti(saSualo)gruntze ganlagebuli iatakis filaiatakis rkinabetonis fila sisqiT σ = 0.18 m; λ= 2.04 v/m 20 K0.26 v/m 20 CTermuli winaRobis koeficienti sardafis iatakisTvisgamoangariSebul iqna specialuri meTodologiiT, romelicgulisxmobs standartizirebul Termuli winaRobiskoeficientebs iatakis sxvadasxva ormetriani zonebisaTvis. isganisazRvra rogorc Rf = 3.3 m 2 0 C /v da iyo miRebuligadawyvetileba winaRobis koeficientis Rf =3.81 m 2 0 C /v –mdegazrdis aucileblobis Sesaxeb.saavadmyofos Senobis iatakis konstruqciis saizolaciodSerCeuli iyo Semdegi samSeneblo masala dawyebuli rkinabetonisfiliT (qvemodan-zemoT) σ =0.18m, λ=2.04 v/mK;wyalgaumtari fena;qviSacementis fena: σ=0.02m; λ=0.93 v/mKSlakis da pemzis fena an keramzitis Semavsebeli: σ= 0.08 m, λ=0.19v/m 0 C;qviSacementis fena: σ=0.02m; λ=0.93 v/mKbiTumis mastika: σ=0.003m; ; λ=0.17 v/mKRf=3.33+0.003/0.17+ 0.02/0.93 +0.08/0.19 +0.05/0.93= 3.81 m 2 K /vTbogadacemis koeficienti Seadgens: U= 1/3.81= 0.26v/m 20 K3.81 m 2 0 C /v18


5.2.4 fanjrebis TbodacviTi donedmanisis saavadmyofos tipuri SenobisaTvis SerCeuli iyometaloplastmasis fanjrebi ormagi SeminviT. cxrilSi 5.5 mocemuliaam fanjrebis zogadi aRweriloba da maTi orientacia qveynismxareebis mimarT:cxrili 5.5fanjrebis mdgomarxobis zogadi Sefasebafanjrebis aRwera-tipuri saavadmyofos SenobisaTvis iyoSerCeuli metaloplastmasis fanjrebiormagi SeminviTorientacia masala 1 saxeoba 2 zomaA x BfarTobi raodenoba sulm m 2 cali v/m 20 CU-Tbogadacemiskoeficientidmetaloplastmasa2 G 1.5x1.7 2.55 1 2.55 2,86∑=2.6ametaloplastmasa2 G G1.0 x 3.01.0 x 2.71.0 x 1,53.02.71.53339.08.14.52.86∑=21.6smetaloplastmasa2 G1.5 x 1.70.8 x 1.01.0 x 3.01.0x 2.72.550.83.02.7983322.956.49.08.12,86∑=46.5Cmetaloplastmasa2G1.5 x 1.01.5 x 1.71.52.559313.57.652.86∑=21.2sul 91.9masala 2saxeoba 5R- TermuliwinaRobiskoeficientixe (W), alumini (Al), plastmasa (P), foladi (St)erTmagi CarCo (S), ormagi CarCo (D), dapresili masalis CarCo (B),erTmagi Seminva (1G), ormagi Seminva (2G), sammagi Seminva (3G)0.35 m 2 0 C /v19


cxrili 5.65.2.5 karebebis TbodacviTi donearqiteqtorisa da damproeqteblis mier dmanisis saavadmyofosSenobebisTvis SerCeuli ormagi Seminvis gare karebebis aRwera maTiqveynis mxareebis mimarT orientaciis Sesabamisad mocemulia cxrilSi5.6.karebebis mdgomareobis zogadi Sefaseba -karebebis aRweraSenobaSi iqneba dayenebuli rkinis karebebi.karebebis mTliani farTobi 43.5 m 2 ²orientacia masala 2 saxeoba 5 zomaAxBd rkinis - 0.9x2.10.9x2.7(vitraJiani2G karebebi)a4.4x6.2farTobiraodenobasulm m 2 cali v/m 20 C1.892.4327.2811U-Tbogadacemiskoeficienti4.32 2.861 31.33 2.86rkinis-1.5x2.74.05srkinis -1.4x2.7 3.78 1 3.78 2.86Cmasala 2saxeoba 5R- TermuliwinaRobiskoeficientirkinis - 1.5x2.7 4.05 1 4.05 2.86xe (W), alumini (Al), plastmasa (P), foladi (St)erTmagi CarCo (S), ormagi CarCo (D), dapresili masalis CarCo (B),erTmagi Seminva (1G), ormagi Seminva (2G), sammagi Seminva (3G)0.35 m 2 0 C /v20


simboloebi - Qh y –aRniSnavs mTlian energomoxmarebas, Qt –Tbodanakargebs Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciidan TbogadacemisSedegad, Qv – Tbodanakargebs infiltraciis Sedegad, Qs da Qi mzisradiaciiTa da Senobis Sida siTbos gamoyofis Sedegad miRebulsiTbos.Q y h , mj 1229760Q t 972068Q v 301187Q s -92311Q i -151071naxati 6.1 energopasportiT gamoTvlili Tburi balansis komponentebidmanisis saavadmyofos tipiuri Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciisTvismZime betonis blokebiT (versia 1 - sabazo).Q y h ,mj 672223Q t 478672Q v 301187Q s -92311Q i -151071naxati 6.2 energopasportiT (versia 2) gamoTvlili siTburi balansiskomponentebi dmanisis saavadmyofos tipuri SenobisSemzRudavikonstruqciisTvis gazrdili TbodacviTi doniT.22


6.2. energomoxmarebis gamoTvla energopasportis SedegebzedayrdnobiTqvemoT mocemul naxaტebze 6.3 da 6.4 naCvenebia SenobisSemomzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis orivesertificirebis Sedegebi, rogorc (sabazo) zogadi (versia 1), asevegazrdili energoefeqturobis doniT (versia 2) dmanisissaavadmyofosaTvis. Sedegebi gviCvenebs gaTbobis sezonisTvis energiiskuTr moxmarebas. saproeqto sidideebi warmodgenilia SemdegiganzomilebiT: kj/(kj/m 3 o CdRe ).SenobaTa energoefeqturobis tipebidadgenili tipiranJireba, (kj/m 3 o CdRe ) (kj/m 3 o CdRe )axali da rekonstruirebuli SenobebiAZalian maRali


SenobaTa energoefeqturobis tipebidadgenili tipiranJireba, (kj/m 3 o CdRe ) (kj/m 3 o CdRe )axali da rekonstruirebuli SenobebiAZalian maRali


cxrili 6.1. energopasportis eleqtronuli programiT gakeTebulienergomoxmarebis gamoTvlebis Sedegebis orive versiis Sedarebadmanisis saavadmyofos SenobisTvis.TermuliwinaRobiskoeficientigarekedlebisa dafanjrebisTvis:TermuliwinaRobiskoeficientisaxuravisfilisa da pirvelisarTulisiatakisTvis:Qh y – mTlianienergomoxmareba:normatiulikuTri energiismoTxovnilebagaTbobaze:gamoTvlili(daproeqtebuli)kuTrienergiismoTxovnilebagaTbobaze:danazogiversia 1-sSesabamisaddanazogi,romelicSeesabameba martivbloksversia 1R kedeli - m 2 0 C /vR fanjara - m 2 0 C /vR saxuravi - m 2 0 C /vR iataki - m 2 0 C /vmjkj/[m 30 CdRe]kj/[m 30 CdRe](kvtsT)mj (%)(kvtsT/m 2 ) (kvt sT/m 2 )(kvtsT)Senobis SemomzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtireba saqarTveloSiarsebul Cveulebriv praqtikaze dayrdnobiT sawyisi monacemebis analizis safuZvelze,gamoTvlili energopasportis eleqtronuli programis 1-li (sabazo) versiiT.mZime betonis izolaciis 1229760 42.955.40blokiT: gareSe0 0R kedeli =0.61 R saxuravi =0.95R fanjara =0.35 R iataki =3.333(341600)Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtireba gazrdilienergoefeqturobis gaTvaliswinebiT, gamoTvlili energopasportis eleqtronuli programis me-2 versiiT.CveulebrivimZimeblokebiT,mineraluri/qvissaizolaciofeniTTboizolaciiT 672223(186728.6)42.9165.2130.28116.62557537(154871.4)45.3%165.21213.34R kedeli =1.86R fanjara =0.35R saxuravi =2.78R iataki =3.81zemoT mocemuli cxrilidan 6.1. SegviZlia davaskvnaT, romdmanisis saavadmyofos Senobas didi energodazogvis potencialigaaCnia, im SemTxvevaSic Tu gare kedlebi mZime betonis blokebisganaSendeba da amavdroulad gare komponentebi, rogoricaa saxuravi damiwiszeda iataki saTanadod iqneba saizolacio feniT dafaruli.Sesabamisad, zamTris periodSi energiis dazogvis potenciali sabazodonisgan gansxvavebiT 45.3% iqneba.cxrili 6.2 gviCvenebs bunebrivi airis danazogs, romelicdmanisis saavadmyofos SemzRudavi konstruqciis gazrdili TbodacvismaxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebis Sedegad warmoiqmneba.25


energomatarebelierTeuliarsebuli(sabazo)RonisZiebisSemdegdanazogiadgilobrivi gaTboba kvt.sT/weli 341600 186728.6 154871.4adgilobrivigaTbobisTvis saWiro gazi m 3 /weli36495.7 19949.6 16546.1cxrili 6.2gazis Tbounarianoba aRebulia rogorc:energomatarebeli Tbounariano erTeuli SeniSvnebibagazi 33676 kj/m3 an 9360 kvt.sT /1000 n.m 3 rac udris8045 k.kal/1000 n.m 37. energoefeqturobis potencialiaq mocemuli ricxvebi miRebulia ekonomikuri kompiuteruliprogramiT Catarebuli gamoTvlebis Sedegad. ganisazRvrasaavadmyofos Senobis energoefeqturobis gaumjobesebis potenciali,romelic warmodgenilia cxrilSi 7.1:cxrili 7.1miwodebuli energiis danazogi 154871.4 kvt.sT/weliwminda danazogi 8438.5 lari/weliinvesticiebi 45762.7 lariukugeba 5.4 weliqvemoT mocemul cxrilSi warmodgenilia energiis dazogvispotenciali im energoefeqturobis gansazRvrisTvis, რომელიც Tan sdevsSenobis SemzRudavi konstruqciebis gazrdili TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebas dmanisSi mdebare saavadmyofos tipuriSenobis SemTxvevaSi maTi ukugebis periodiTa (PB) da wminda mimdinareRirebulebis koeficientiT (NPVQ):energoefeqturobis potenciali dmanisisTvisgasaTbobi farTobi: 1601.2 m²energoefeqturi RonisZieba investicia wminda danazogi ukugeba NPVQSenobis SemomzRudavikonstruqciis gazrdiliTbodacviTi done* 10.47 % realuri saprocento ganakveTis safuZvelze[lari] [kvt.sT/w] [lari/w] [weli] *45762.7 154871.4 8438.5 5.4 0.7526


ekonomikur gamoTvlebSi gamoyenebuli realur saprocento ganakveTadaRebulia 10.47%. es cifri gamomdinareobs 14% nominaluri saprocentoganakveTisa da 3.15 % oficialuri wliuri inflaciis ganakveTidan.8 rentabelurobis analizi energoefeqturobazedayrdnobiT8.1 Senobis SemomzRudavi konstruqciebis gazrdili TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis ekonomikuri gamoTvlebienergoefeqturiRonisZieba axladaSenebulisaavadmyofosaTvis–proqtis ganxorcieleba Senobis SemzRudavikonstruqciis gazrdili TbodacviTi doniTSenobis arsebuli mdgomareoba. “naTelis” proeqtisTvis SerCeuli iyosaavadmyofos Senoba dmanisSi. proeqti iTvaliswinebs saqarTvelossaavadmyofoebis seqtoris energoefeqturobis gazrdis saqmianobas dasamuSaoebi xorcieldeba sadazRvevo kompania “aliansi medi pliusi”TxovniT, romelic pasuxismgebelia zogadi profilis saavadmyofosmSeneblobaze dmanisSi.RonisZiebis aRweraSenobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis gazrdili TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebisdaproeqtebis mizania optimaluri R - Termuli winaRobis koeficientisgansazRvra Senobis yvela gare komponentisTvis. Senobis geometriisintegrirebuli Sefaseba misi ESemzRudavi konstruqciis komponentebismaCveneblebTan kombinaciaSi: kedlebi, fanjrebi/ karebebi, iataki dasaxuravis sistemebi.danazogis gaangariSeba (ENSI sakvanZo ricxvebis kompiuteruliprogramiT an sxva saSualebiT)saWiro investiciis gamoTvla Cveulebrivi blokiT naSeni gare kedlebis daSemdgom maTze mineralis/qvis mineraliT izolaciis datanebisaTvis.sul gare kedlebis farTobi Seadgens - F=707.4m 2 .SemzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis energroefeqturobiszrdis misaRwevad SeTavazevul iqna gare kedlebze izolaciis fenisdataneba. mineraluri/mineraluri Salis sisqiT δ=5sm, minis boWko badesTanerTobliobaSi, SeTavazebul iqna rogor izolaciis masala. mineraluri/qvisbambis izolacia xis panelebs Soris unda damagrdes sisqiT:M δ=5sm,romlebic Tavis mxriv magrdeba gare kedlebze. KkedelSi CaRrmavebebisTavidan acilebis mizniT, aucilebelia xis panelebisa da izolaciis fenisTanabari sisqiT SerCeva. Tavdapirvelad xis panelebze magrdebaMminisboWkos bade, Semdeg xdeba cementi-qviSis nazavis gadasma da sul bolos”praimaris” firmis wyalgaumtari saRebaviT gadaRebva.baTqaSis safaris fasi gamoTvlebSi gaTvaliswinebuli ar aris, radgan essaWiroa nebismieri tipis kedlisTvis miuxedavad misi Termuli winaRobis27


koeficientisa.Cveulebrivi blokebis, iseve rogorc cementisa da qviSis nalesis dabaTqaSis nalesis fasebi, samSeneblo daproeqtebisas ganixileba da proeqtisdokumentaciaSia Sesuli. Cveni gaTvlebiT izolaciis fenisTvis Semdegifasebi iqna ganxiluli: mineraluri/qvis bambis izolacia, xis panelebi, minisboWkos bade da wyalgaumtari saRebavi. xis panelebisa da mineraluri bambisizolaciis dasamagrebelad saWiro lursmnebi da Surupebi Cvens ekonomikurgaangariSebaSi gaTvaliswinebul iqna.mineraluri/qvis bambis Rirebuleba saqarTvelos samSeneblo bazarzesaSualod Seadgens 2.5 lars m 2. mTlianad gare kedlis dasafarad 707.4x2.5=1768.5 laria saWiro.”praimaris” firmis wyalgaumtari saRebavi Rirebuleba daaxloebiT 6 larsm 2. Seadgens. Kkedlis mTliani farTobis gaTvaliswinebiT, wyalgaumtarisaRebavis fasi daaxloebiT Semdegia: 6 x 707.4.=4244.4 lars. Mminis boWkosbadis fasi Seadgens 1 lars m 2. rac niSnavs rom fasi mTliani SenobisTvisiqneba 707.4 lari.xis panelebis fasi sisqiT: δ=5sm, daaxloebiT 900 lari (1.8 lari metrze)iqneba.rac Seexeba Surupebsa da lursmnebs daaxloebiT aRebulia 200lariMMmTliani kedlis farTobisTvis. damatebiTi izolaciis fenis mTlianiRirebuleba iqneba Semdegi: 1768.5+4244.4+707.4+900+200=7820.3 lari.saxuravis TboizolaciisTvis saWiro investiciis Sefaseba.saxuravis izolaciisaTvis saWiro investiciis gamoTvla gulisxmobs:.unda moxdes Senobis saxuravis yvela filis izolacia: F =864. m 2wyalgaumtari fenis fasi saqarTvelos bazarze 1.5 lari 1 kv.m-isTvis.saxuravis izolacia gulisxmobs 3 fenis dagebas, amdenad, misi Rirebulebaiqneba: 1.5 x 3 x 864=2592 lari10 sm-iani mina bambis tipis saizolacio masalis fasi 5 laria/kv.m. amdenad,mTliani saxuravis farTis izolaciisTvis iqneba: 5 x 864=4320 lari.cement-qviSis safari σ = 0.03m fenisTvis eRireba daaxloebiT 5.5 lari/m 2saqarTvelos samSeneblo bazarze arsebuli cementis da qviSis fasebisa danarevi masalis wilis Sesabamisad, rac iTvaliswinebs 4 wili qviSa Sereuli1 wil cementTan. am RonisZiebis Sesrulebis mTliani Rirebuleba Seadgens:5.5x5864=4752 lari.saxuravis TboizolaciisTvis saWiro mTliani investiciis Rirebuleba iqneba:2592+4320+4752= 11664 lariiatakis izolaciisTvis saWiro investiciaiatakis qveda farTobSi igulisxmeba pirveli sarTulis iatakis farTobiF=864 m 2wyalgaumtari fena Seadgens: 1.5x864=1296 laripemzisa da Slakis an kalcitis SigTavsi sisqiT σ= 0.05m iatakis farTobisTvisF=864 m 2 daaxloebiT Rirs 3.4 lari/kv.m, Sesabamisad, sul: 2937.6 lari.cementisa da qviSis ormagi safari sisqiT: σ= 0.07m Rirs 9.15 lari/1 kv.m,28


Sesabamisad, mTliani farTobisTvis igi Seadgens: 7906 lars.iatakis izolaciisTvis saWiro mTliani investicia Seadgens:1296+2937+7906=12139.3 lars.Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis yvela komponentebisTvis saWiro mTlianiinvesticia iqneba: 7820.3+11664+12139=31623.3 lari.energopasportis eleqtronuli programiT ganisazRvra, rom TbodacviTimaxasiaTeblebis gazrdas moyveba siTbos moxmarebis Sesabamisi Semcireba120535.3 kvt.sT-iT weliwadSi dmanisSi ganlagebuli SenobisaTvis, risSedegadac miviRebT bunebrivi airis danazogs: 154871.4.m 3fulad gamoxatulebaSi dmanisis saavadmyofos SenobisaTvis es Seadgens:16546.1x0.51=8438.5 lariELsamontaJo xarjebi ganisazRvra: 14139.4 lari (5.5 l/m 2 ) mTliani garefarTobisTvis: F= 2570.8 m 2mTliani investicia 45762.7 larisaoperacio da saeqspluatacio xarjebi (+/-) 0lari /weliwminda danazogi 8438.5 lari /weliekonomikuri gamoyenebis xangrZlivoba 50 weli8.2 energoefeqturobis rentabelurobasTan dakavSirebuli sxvarekomendaciebidReisTvis axal saavadmyofoTa SenobebSi energiisa da siTbosSemcirebis sxvadasxva meTodi arsebobs. erT-erTi aseTi meTodiaalternatiuli daproeqtebisa da mSeneblobis praqtikis cvlilebiTSemomzRudavi konstruqciis TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis zrda.TavisTavad energoefeqturi Senobis proeqtis koncefcia gazrdiliTbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebiT efuZneba mTliani Senobis, rogorcerTiani Tburi erTeulis modelirebas energiis moxmarebisTvalsazrisiT da saTaves iRebs “oTxi ZiriTadi principis midgomaSi”.es midgoma aRwerilia meTodologiis nawilSi da iTvaliswinebsSenobis kompaqturobis koeficientis Sefasebas, rogorc am oTxidanerT-erT ZiriTad princips.Senobis forma gavlenas axdens SemzRudavi konstruqciiszedapiris farTobis Sefardebaze mis moculobasTan, romelicgansazRvravs im SefardebiT gavlenas, romelsac axdens Senobaze garehaeri da mzis radiacia, da Sesabamisad siTbos mimoqcevas Senobasa dagaremos Soris.Senobis forma (misi geometriuli forma) gamoxatulia“kompaqturobis moculobiT”, romelic Tavis mxriv Sefasebuliakompaqturobis koeficientis indeqsiT. aseTi indeqsis maCveneblidmanisis saavadmyofosTvis dabalia, rac geometriuli parametrebiskarg daproeqtebaze miuTiTebs. aqedan gamomdinare, danazogebis29


mizniT Senobis arqiteqturuli gaumjobesebis gagrZelebis saWiroebaaRar arsebobs.energopasportSi warmodgenili energiis dazogvis midgomagviCvenebs mTeli Senobis Tburi balansis komponentebs. Senobisenergiis moTxovnilebis dasakmayofileblad da energiis dazogvisoptimaluri Sedegis misaRwevad, rekomendirebulia TanamedrovegaTbobis sistemis damontaJeba.Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis daproeqtebis drosTanamedrove gaTbobis sistemis gaTvaliswineba iZleva mis TbodacviTmaxasiaTeblebsa da siTbos miwodebas Soris balansis miRwevissaSualebas. es SesaZlebeli xdeba Tanamedrove kontrolis meqanizmiTaRWurvili gaTbobis sistemis damontaJebis Sedegad. Termostats undaSeeZlos gaTbobis sistemis kontroli, raTa SenarCunebuli iyostemperaturis dadgenili done SenobaSi.dmanisisTvis dagegmili saavadmyofos tipuri SenobisaTvisenergiis saboloo moxmarebis sistemebis damontaJeba undaganxorcieldes maqsimalurad efeqturad. magaliTisaTvis, ganaTebissistemis daproeqtebisas unda gaviTvaliswinoT energoefeqturifluorescentuli naTurebi sensoruli sistemiT. es kidev ufrogazrdis energiis danazogs SenobaSi.Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom saavadmyofo erT-erTi yvelazeintensiuri energomomxmarebelia, misi energomomaragebis saimedoobisTvalsazrisiT mizanSewonilia ganaxlebadi energiis wyaros gamoyenebaganaTebisa da/an gaTbobis mizniT. ganaxlebadi energiis wyaroebisgamoyeneba energomoxmarebis Semcirebis garda, Seitans wvlils maTisaimedo energomomaragebas, energetikuli damoukideblobisa dausafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofaSi da amasTan pacientebisTvissaavadmyofoSi arsebuli pirobebis gaumjobesebaSi.amasTan, ufro meti energo dazogvis miRweva uaxlesi efeqturienergo sistemebis danergviTaa SesaZlebeli. magaliTisaTvis, ganaTebissistemis daproeqtebisas unda gaviTvaliswinoT energoefeqturifluorescentuli naTurebi sensoruli sistemiT.Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom saavadmyofo erT-erTi yvelazeintensiuri energomomxmarebelia, romelic uwyvet da maRali xarisxisenergiis miwodebas iTxovs, upriani iqneba Senobis damoukidebelienergiiT uzrunvelyofa. es miRwevadia ganaTebisa da/an gaTbobismizniT ganaxlebadi energiis wyaros gamoyenebiT. es RonisZieba,rekomendaciis saxiT saavadmyofos/”aliansi-medi-pliusis”administracias miewoda.30


centralurigaTbobabunebriviairiTxevadisawvavisxva9. ekologiuri sargebeliCO 2 -is koeficientis konventireba bunebrivi airisaTvis kg/kvsT-Simoxda Semdegi emisiis koeficientis gaTvaliswinebiT – 1.89t CO 2 /1000m 3 .gamoangariSebuli miwodebuli energiis danazogi da masTandakavSirebuli CO 2 -is emisiis Semcireba dmanisis saavadmyofosfarTobisTvis - F= 1601.2 m 2. mocemulia qvemoT cxrilSi 9.1arsebuli mdgomareoba – sabazo(kvtsT/m 2 f)energoefeqturobisarekonstruqciisSemdeg (kvtsT/m 2 f)cxrili 9.1daRonisZiebebis- 213.34 - -- 116.62 - -danazogi (kvtsT/m 2 f) - 96.72 - -danazogi (kvtsT/w) - 154871.4 - -CO 2 emisiis koeficienti (kg/kvtsT) - 0.202 - -CO 2 emisiis Semcireba (kg/m 2 f) - 19.53 - -CO 2 emisiis Semcireba (t/w)31.27dmanisis saavadmyofos Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciisgazrdili TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis proeqtirebis ganxorcielebisSemdeg miRweuli iyo CO 2 - is emisiis Semcireba, romelic Sefasdaenergopasportis eleqtronuli programiT – 31.27 tona/weliwadSi.96.72x 0,202=19.53 (kg/m 2 a)19.53x 1601.2= 31.27 (t/w)31


danarTi aenergopasportidmanisis 20 sawoliani saavadmyofos energetikulipasporti Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciis proeqtigazrdili TbodacviTi maxasiaTeblebis gaTvaliswinebiT32


dmanisis saavadmyofos eleqtronuli energopasporti Sesrulebuli k.meliqiZis mierenergo pasportis forma SemuSavebuliai.a.matrosovis mierqveyana : saqarTveloqalaqi: dmanisizogadi informacia proeqtis Sesaxeb 2011/05/13Senobis misamarTidmanisiSenobis tipisaavadmyofocalke mdgomiSenobis simaRle 8.9sarTulebis raodenoba2 sarTulianikonstruqciuli gadawyvetilebaproeqtis avtoriavtoris misamarTi da telefonis nomeriproeqtis ganviTarebis weliproeqtis kodiproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebul adamianTa raodenoba 75parametrebi aRniSvna erTeuli sidide1 2 3 41. Senobis normatiuli parametrebi1.1. kritikuli Termuli winaRobis sidideebisiTbos gadacemis mimarT:R reqm 2 ∙grad/vt- gare kedlebiR reqm 2 ∙grad/vt2.505- fanjrebi da aivnebis karebebiR reqm 2 ∙grad/vt0.417- saxuravebiR reqm 2 ∙grad/vt3.340-sxvenis gadaxurva gauTbobeli sxveniTR reqm 2 ∙grad/vt2.82233


- saxuravebi gasasvlebis Tavze (erkerebisqveS)R reqm 2 ∙grad/vt 3.340- gauTbobeli iatakqveSa saTavsoebisa dasardafebis saxuravebiR reqm 2 ∙grad/vt2.822- Sesasvleli karebebi da WiSkrebiR reqm 2 ∙grad/vt0.5061.2 normatiuli haercvlis jeradoba k ereq1.3 normatiuli haercvlis jeradoba0.610.519meqanikuri ventilaciis saaTebi kviraSin asamsarTuliani1.477n vsaaTebisraodenoba16834


parametrebi2. Senobis saproeqto maCveneblebi da maxasiaTeblebi2.1 moculobiTi dagegmarebis parametrebiaRniSvnaerTeulisidide1 2 3 4gasaTbobis nawilis mTliani struqturuli moculobaoTaxebis mTliani gasaTbobi farTi farTobiV hA lm 3m 25103.21601kedlebis mTliani farTobiSenobis gasaTbobis farTis gare kedlebis mTliani farTobimaT Soris:A hA esumm 2m 22570.8- kedlebi, fanjrebi, aivnebisa da Sesasvleli karebebis fanjrebi,vitraJebi- kedlebiA w+F+edA wm 2m 2842.8707.4- fanjrebi da aivnis karebebifanjrebi da aivnebis karebebi liftisa da kibis ujredSi- vitraJebi- erkerebi-Sesasvleli karebebi da WiSkrebi- saxuravebi (erTad)- sxvenebis Werebi (gauTbobeli farTobi)- gasaTbobi sxvenebis Weri- teqnikuri iatakqveSa saTavsoebis Weri- gauTbobeli iatakqveSa saTavsoebisa da sardafebis Weri- gasasvlelebisa da erkerebis Weri- iataki miwis zedapirze – sulA FA FAA FA FA edA wA cA cA fA fA fA fm 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 291.90043.5864000864Ffanjrebisa da aivnebis karebebis kedlebTan TanafardobiskoeficientiP- 0.11A F / A w+F+edSenobis kompaqturoba A c m /V hAsaWiroebs k e des , m -1 moTxovnebis gaumjobesebul normebsk e des ,m -1diax35


2.2. TbodacviTi donedayvanili Termuli winaRoba:- kedlebiR wrm 2 ∙grad/vt2.86- Ffanjrebi da aivnis kedlebiR Frm 2 ∙grad/vt0.35- vitraJebiR Frm 2 ∙grad/vt0.00- erkerebiR Frm 2 ∙grad/vt0.00- Sesavleli karebebi da WiSkrebiR edrm 2 ∙grad/vt0.35- saxuravebi (erTad)R wrm 2 ∙grad/vt2.78- sxvenebis Werebi(gauTbobeli farTobiR crm 2 ∙grad/vt0.00- gasaTbobi sxvenis Werim 2 ∙grad/vt0.00- teqnikuri iatakveSa saTavsoebis WeriR frm 2 ∙grad/vt0.00- gauTbobeli iataqveSa saTavsoebisa dasardafebis Weri- gasasvlelebisa da erkerebis Weri- iataki miwis zedapirze sul 09rR frR frR fm 2 ∙grad/vtm 2 ∙grad/vtm 2 ∙grad/vt0/0003.81Senobis dayvanili Tbogadacemis(transmisiuli) koeficientiK mtrvt/(m 2 ∙grad) 0.495Tburi nakadis urTierTmimoqcevis zegavleniskoeficienti fanjrebisTvisk-1siTbos gadacemis pirobiTi koeficientiinfiltraciisada ventilacii gamo dakarguli Termulienergies GgaTvaliswinebiTSenobaSi gadacemis zogadi koeficientiK minfK mvt/(m 2 ∙grad) 0.322vt/(m 2 ∙grad) 0.80736


1 2 3 42.3 Senobis TbodacvisTboenergetikuli parametrebisaerTo TbodanarkargebisSemZRudavi konstruqciissaSualebiT gaTbobis periodisganmavlobaSiQ h mj 779858gaTbobis periodSi siTbosSemodineba SenobaSi- xvedriTi sayofacxovrebosoTbos gamoyofa- sayofacxovrebo siTbosGgamoyofa SenobaSi-- mzis gamosxivebiT miRebulisiTbos Semodineba SenobaSiq intQ intQ svt/m 2mjmj615107192311gamWirvale konstruqciaSenobis orientaciaFfasadis fanjrebiAreaFacade ExposureA, m 2 (I)91.9A * I ,Mmj- pirveli- meore- mesame- meoTxe21.221.646.52.6C(847)a(1307)s(2287)d(1307)25958.857349.5133018.2176239.8erkerebi 0 1902- fanjris daCrdilvis koeficientiSuqSeuRwevadi elementebisgaTvaliswinebiT- erkerebis daCrdilvis koeficientiSuqSeuRwevadi elementebiT- fanjrebis saSualebiT mzisgamosxivebis SedarebiTiSeRwevadobis koeficienti- erkerebis daCrdilvis koeficientiSuqSeuRwevadi elementebiTdakidebuli sanaTurebis daCrdilviskoeficienti- erkerebis saSualebiT mzisgamosxivebis SedarebiTiSeRwevadobis koeficientiSenobis gasaTbobad gaTbobisτFτ scyk Fτ scyk scyzedametaloplastmasi--rigis fanjrebi-0,80.740.90/8337


periodis ganmavlobaSiTbur enrgiaze moTxovna:-damatebiTi siTbos moxmarebiskoeficienti gaTbobis sistemis mier- moTxovna Tbur energiazeSenobaSi gaTbobis periodSigamoangariSebuli xvedriTi siTburienergiis moxmarebaSenobaSi gaTbobis periodSigamoangariSebuli xvedriTi siTburienergies moxmarebasiTbos mowodebis avtomaturiregulirebis efeqturobiskoeficienti gaTbobis sistemaSisiTburi wyarodan Senobiscentraluri Tbomomaragebissistemis energoefeqturobisgamoTvlili koeficientisiTburi wyarodan SenobisdecentralizirebuliTbomomaragebis sistemisenergoefeqturobis gamoTvlilikoeficienti.3. TCN Sesabamisobis testigamTbariβ hlQ hymj/m 3q hdesTermostatisakontrolisζε odesε decsardafiT1.13-mjmj/m 3kj/(m 3 ∙grad.dRe)da siTboserTiani672223131.730.28centralurisistema0.950.50.65TCN-moTxovnebTan TbodacviTi donisproeqtirebis Sesabamisoba SenobisgaTbobis sistemis mier energiesnormirebuli kuTri Tburi moxmarebaSeesabameba Tu ara siTburimaxasiaTeblebis CN-moTxovnebs?q hreq(m 3 ∙grad.dRe) 42.9diaxNnormatiuli pirobebinormatiuli Sida Hhaeris temperaturaSida haeris xvedriTi wonat intγ intgrad2111.7838


normatiuli gare haeris temperaturagare haeris xvedriti wonagasaTbobi sxvenis normatiuli temperaturateqnikuri sardafis normatiuli temperaturagaTbobis periodis xengrZlivobagaTbobis periodSi gare Hhaeris saSualotemperaturagradus dReebi gaTbobis periodisTvisianvarSi qaris saSualo siCqaris maqsimumit extγ extt c intt c intz htt htD dvnm 3 /sTgradnm 3 /sTgradgradusdReebisraodenobagrad.dRem/wm-1213.07142182-2.94349.80Senobis energo pasportizogadi informaciadanarTi e СНиП 23- 02-2003Sevsebis TariRi(dRe, Tve, weli) 4/21/11Senobis misamarTidamproeqtebelidamproeqteblis misamarTi da telefoniproeqtis kodiDmanisi0000normatiuli pirobebisaproeqto parametrebi1 normatiuliSida haeris temperatura2 normatiuli gare haeris temperatura3 gasaTbobi sxevnis normatiulitemperatura4 teqnikuri sardafis normatiulitemperatura5 gaTbobis periodis xangrZlivoba6 gaTbobis periodSi gare haeris saSualotemper.7gradus dReebi gaTbobis periodisTvist intt extt ct cz htt htD derTeuli koeficientigradgradgradgraddReebisraod.gradgrad.dRe21-12142182-2.94350funqcionaluri daniSnuleba, tipi, Senobiskonstruqciuli gadawyvetileba8 daniSnuleba 09 adgilmdebareoba calke mdgomi10 tipi 2 sarTuliani11 Konstruqciuli gadawyvetileba erT Sriani dag are izolacia39


Ggeometriuli da Tbo-energetikuli maCveneblebimaCvenebelimaCvenebelidaerTeulimaCveneblisnormatiulimniSvnelobamaCveneblissaproeqtonormatiulimniSvnelobamaCveneblisfaqtobrivimniSvneloba1 2 3 4 5 6geometriuli maCveneblebi1213141516Senobis SemzRudavi konstruqciissaerTo farTobimaT Soris:- kedlebi,- fanjrebi, da aivnebis karebebi- vitraJebi- erkerebi- Sesasvleli karebebi daWiSkrebi- saxuravebi(erTad)- sxvenebis Werebi(gauTbobelifarTobi)- gasaTbobi sxvenebis Weri- teqnikuri iataqqveSa saTavsosWeri- gauTbobeli iataqveSasaTavsoebisa da sardafebisWeri- gasasvlelebisa da erkerebisWeri- - gasasvlelebisa daerkerebis Weri- iatakis miwis zedapirzesulmTliani sacxovrebeli farTigamosayenebelifarTi(saz.adgilebi)gasaTbobis moculobadasaproeqtebelifarTi(saz.adgilebi)17 gasaTbobi moculobaSenobis fasadis Seminvis18 koeficienti19 Senobis kompakturobismaCvenebeliA sum e , m 2A w , m 2A F , m 2A ed , m 2A c , m 2A c , m 2A c , m 2A f , m 2A f , m 2A f , m 2A h , m 2A h , m 2A l , m 2A l , m 2A l , m 2 - 2570..8707.491.90043.508640000864.1601.2-0-V h , m 3 5103.2f 0.11k e des , m -1 0.61 0.5040


Tbo-energo daproeqtebis maCveneblebiTbo-energo daproeqtebis maCveneblebi1 2 3 4 5 620 Senobis SemzRudavikonstruqciebisTvis dayvaniliTermuli winaRobis koeficienti- kedlebi,R o r ,m 2 ∙grad/vtR wr 2505 1.86- fanjrebi, da aivnebis karebebirR F 0.417 0.35- vitraJebirR F 0.417 0.00- erkerebirR F 0.00- Sesasvleli karebebi da0.506 0.35WiSkrebirR ed- saxuravebi(erTad)rR c 3.340 0.00- sxvenebis Werebi(gauTbobelirR c 2.822 2.78farTobi)- gasaTbobi sxvenebis WerirR c 3.340 0.00- teqnikuri iataqqveSa saTavsosWeri- gauTbobeli iataqveSasaTavsoebisa da sardafebisWeri- gasasvlelebisa da erkerebisWeriR fr1.625 0.00R fr2822 0.00R fr3340 0.00- iatakis miwis zedapirzesulSenobis21 Tbogadacemis(transmisiuli)koeficienti22 gaTbobis peridoSi haercvlisjeradobis koeficientiSenobaSi haercvlis jeradobiskoeficienti testirebisdros(50paskalis SemTxvevaSi)23 siTbos gadacemis pirobiTikoeficienti infiltraciisadaventilaciis gamo Termuli energiesgaTvaliswinebiT24 SenobaSi siTbos gadacemiskoeficientiR frK m tr ,vt/(m 2 ∙grad)n a , 1/hn a , 1/hK m inf ,vt/(m 2 ∙grad)K m ,vt/(m 2 ∙grad)3.81- 0.4950.519 0.5190.3120.80741


25Eenergetikuli maCveneblebisaerTo Tbodanakargebi Q h ,Senobis SemzRudavikonstruqciis saSualebiT mj - 779858gaTbobis periodisganmavlobaSi26SenobaSi xvedriTisayofacxovrebo siTbosgamoyofaq int , vt/m 2minimum 10 627 SenobaSi xvedriTisayofacxovrebo siTbosgamoyofa gaTbobisperiodSiQ int ,mj- 15107128mzis gamosxivebiTmiRebuli siTbosSemodineba SenobaSigaTbobis periodSiQ s ,mj-9231129Senobis gasaTbobadgaTbobis periodisganmavlobaSi Tburenergiaze moTxovna:Q h y ,mj-672233031siTburi wyarodan Senobiscentraluri Tbomomaragebissistemis energoefeqturobisgamoTvlili koeficientisiTburi wyarodan Senobisindividualuri binebisTvis daavtonomiuri Tbomomaragebissistemis energoefeqturobisgamoTvlili koeficientikoeficientebidesε o0.5ε dec0.6532 avtomaturi regulirebisefeqturobis koeficientiζ 0.953334Tburi nakadisurTierTmimoqceviskoeficientidamatebiTi siTbos moxmarebiskoeficientik 1β h1.1342


3536Kkompleqsuri maxasiaTeblebiSenobaSi gaTbobis periodSi q des h ,gamoangariSebuli xvedriTi [kj/(m 3 ∙gradus.dRe)]siTburi energiis moxmarebaSenobis gaTbobis sistemis q req h ,mier energiis normirebulikuTri Tburi moxmareba[kj/(m 3 ∙gradus.dRe)]30.2842.937 energo efeqturobis tipi38 Seesabameba Tu ara Senobisproeqti normatiulmoTxovnebs?esaWiroeba Tu ara Senobis39 proeqts damatebiTisamuSaoebi?diaxaraSenobis klasifikacia energoefeqturobis mixedviTdadgenili tipi rekomendaciaSenobaTa energoefeqturobis tipebiranJireba, kj/(m3.gradus.dRe)axali da rekonstruirebuli SenobebisTvisA‹21Zalian maRaliBB maRaliBB21-39BBBCnormaluri39-45‹=B30.28ekonomikuriintensivobamsgavsi-arsebuli SenobisTvisDE44-75›76dabaliZalian dabalisasurvelia Senobisrekonstruqciaaucilebelia SenobisdaTbuneba racSeiZleba male43


siTburi balansis komponentebiQQ hyQ tQ vQ sQmj67223478672301187-92311-15107135rekomendirebulia:36pasporti Sevsebulia:organizacia:misamarTi da telefonis nomeri:pasuxismgebeli Semsrulebelimdgaradi ganviTarebis dapolitikis centri9955322207673k.meliqaZe44


danarTi bmzis radiaciis gamoTvla dmanisis klimaturipirobebisTvis, romelic Sesulia energopasportiseleqtronul programaSiTvehorizontalurizedapiriC Ca a sa s sd d Cd gaTbobisperiodisxangrZlivobadReebisraodenoba TveSiI254 126 127 198 315 410 341 198 129 31 31II 313 158 161 233 331 401 339 233 161 28 28III 449 213 222 308 375 420 377 308 225 31 31IV 487 192 223 287 319 309 311 279 221 20 30V590 207 273 332 339 295 326 313 266 0 31VI 644 200 299 352 337 284 337 333 288 0 30VII 672 217 308 384 357 316 365 369 304 0 31VIII 598 185 259 334 358 337 362 334 256 0 31IX 446 137 179 259 328 336 323 254 177 0 30X 348 105 127 213 322 385 318 204 122 11 31XI 226 84 90 149 260 332 266 149 89 30 30XII 212 101 102 160 290 381 290 160 102 31 31gaTbobisperiodis-Tvis1902 847 896 13151897228719321307896 18245

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