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qurTis municipalitetis<br />

sagamomcemlo dawesebuleba<br />

`xeobis macne~<br />

damfuZneblebi:<br />

qurTis municipaliteti<br />

direqtori:<br />

lali romelaSvili<br />

899 25 29 18<br />

E-mail: contact@kheoba.ge<br />

eleqtronuli versia<br />

www.kheoba.ge<br />

redaqtori<br />

nino CibCiuri<br />

899 48 62 77<br />

koreqtori:<br />

neli darbaiZe<br />

saredaqcio kelegia:<br />

nana kaxniaSvili<br />

898 46 06 04<br />

nino kasraZe<br />

898 91 69 62<br />

eka ecataZe<br />

851 44 66 29<br />

nino beruaSvili<br />

897 15 12 45<br />

buRalteri:<br />

gia basiSvili<br />

855 32 22 07<br />

Jurnali<br />

`liaxvis xeoba~ gamoicema<br />

Sps `sagamomcemlo saxli<br />

qarTuli elita~-s<br />

mier<br />

Jurnali xelmZRvanelobs<br />

Tavisufali<br />

presis principebiT.<br />

redaqcia pasuxs ar<br />

agebs ucxouri presidan<br />

gadmoTargmnili<br />

masalebis, faqtebis,<br />

informaciis sizusteze.<br />

redaqciaSi<br />

Semosuli masalebi<br />

avtorebs ar ubrundebaT.<br />

masalis sizusteze<br />

pasuxismgebelia avtori.<br />

misamarTi: q. gori, verxvebis<br />

Casaxleba. (aRmaSeneblis #89/24<br />

tel.: (+99532) 91-00-84<br />

III<br />

a T i m c n e b a<br />

1. me var ufali RmerTi Seni, da ara iyvnen Senda RmerTni ucxoni, Cemsa gareSe.<br />

2. ara hqmne Tavisa Senisa kerpi, arca yovladve msgavsi, raodeni ars caTa Sina ze,<br />

da raodeni ars qveyanasa zeda qve, da raodeni ars wyalTa Sina qveSe qveyanisa: ara<br />

Tayvani-sce maT, arca msaxurebde maT.<br />

3. ara moiRo saxeli uflisa RvTisa Senisa amaosa zeda.<br />

4. moixsene dRe igi SabaTi da wmida-hyav igi: eqvs dRe iqmode, da hqmne maT Sina<br />

yovelive saqme Seni, xolo dRe igi meSvide SabaTi ars uflisa RvTisa Senisa.<br />

5. pativ-ec mamasa Sensa da dedasa Sensa, raTa keTili geyos Sen da dRegrZel iyo<br />

qveyanasa zeda.<br />

6. ara kac-hkla.<br />

7. ar imruSo.<br />

8. ar iparo.<br />

9. ara cili-swamo moyvassa Sensa wamebiTa cruiTa.<br />

10. ara guli giTqmides colisaTvis moyvasisa Senisa, ara guli giTqmides saxlisaTvis<br />

moyvasisa Senisa, arca yanisa misisa, arca karaulisa misisa, arca yovlisa<br />

sacxovarisa misisa, arca yovlisa misTvis, raica iyves moyvasisa Senisa.<br />

s a r C e v i<br />

politika<br />

ruseTTan gauqmebuli<br />

xelSekruleba da<br />

saqarTvelo-somxeTis<br />

urTierToba gv.4 koba<br />

subeliani parlamentis<br />

sxdomaze gv.5=<br />

siaxleebi<br />

devnilebma sasoflosameurneo<br />

teqnika miiRes,<br />

devnilebma sagazafxulod<br />

xvna-Tesva daiwyes gv.6<br />

konfliqtis zona<br />

incidenti cxinvalSi gv.7<br />

sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis<br />

Tema sofel ergneTSi,<br />

incidenti cxinvalis centrSi,<br />

kokiTi - samxreT oseTisa da<br />

afxazeTis damoukideblobis<br />

aRiarebas kidev erTi qveyana<br />

apirebs, `komersanti~ -<br />

ruseTsa da afxazeTs Soris<br />

teritoriuli dava ar cxreba,<br />

cxinvalSi saprotesto aqcia<br />

daSales gv.8 cxinvalSi<br />

gatarebuli 18-dRiani<br />

tyveobis detalebi gv.9<br />

okupirebul teritoriaze<br />

arsebuli saflavebi<br />

Wirisuflebis gareSe,<br />

cxinvalidan devnili<br />

deda dakarguli Svilis<br />

kvaldakval gv.10<br />

istoriuli faqtebis<br />

gayalbebis morigi mcdeloba<br />

cxinvalSi gv.11<br />

devnilTaA cxovreba<br />

xeobelebi wilkanSic<br />

cxovroben gv.12<br />

mogvarebuli sakiTxi<br />

sazogadoebrivi problema<br />

yvelam erTad movagvaroT,<br />

gamwvanebis aqcia werovanSi,<br />

SaumianSi sasmeli wylis<br />

problema mogvarebulia gv.14<br />

sporti<br />

lelos gaitanen, male saTaveSi<br />

moeqcevian gv.15<br />

samaCablos da fexburTis<br />

siyvaruliT gv.16<br />

ganaTleba<br />

giorgi sosiaSvili:<br />

disciplina, patiosneba da<br />

profesionalizmi gv.17<br />

sxva da sxva<br />

nikoloz oTinaSvili<br />

cxinvalis gamocemebs<br />

specialur werils<br />

umzadebs, axalgazrdebis<br />

roli konfliqtebis<br />

daregulirebisa da<br />

urTierTobebis damyarebebSi<br />

gv.19<br />

isev anTroponimebis anu<br />

gvarebis Sesaxeb, sul male<br />

taZris kurTxeva moxdeba<br />

gv.20<br />

religia<br />

saswauli sveticxovelSi gv.21<br />

qvelmoqmedeba<br />

gavagrZelebT aqciebs,<br />

saqarTvelos yvela<br />

did qalaqs movivliT<br />

da Tanamoazreebsac<br />

SemovierTebT gv.22<br />

eqimis rCevebi<br />

`Zlevamosili da uZleveli<br />

zeciuri mxedari~, eqimi<br />

gvirCevs qurTidan -<br />

werovnamde gv.24<br />

siyvaruli da rCevebi<br />

siyvarulis dRe kodaSi,<br />

rCevebi siyvarulze gv.25<br />

cirki<br />

Sapito - anu moZravi cirki<br />

gv.26<br />

msaxiobi<br />

salome kokuaSvili:<br />

gaTxovebas ar vapireb gv.27<br />

saintereso msoflio gv.29<br />

poezia gv.33<br />

horoskopi gv.34<br />

3


84 momxre, 0-is winaaRmdeg -<br />

kenWisyris aseTi SedegiT gaauqma<br />

19 aprils saqarTvelos parlamentma<br />

ruseTisa da saqarTvelos<br />

mier xelmowerili xelSekruleba<br />

saqarTvelos teritoriis gavliT<br />

rusuli samxedro bazebisTvis<br />

personalisa da samxedro tvirTis<br />

tranzitis organizebis Taobaze.<br />

ras cvlis xelSekrulebis gauqmeba<br />

somxeTSi moqmedi ruseTis samxedro<br />

bazisTvis da ratom gaxda<br />

saWiro aseTi nabijis gadadgma?<br />

Tavdapirvelad vTqvaT, rom, 2006<br />

wlis 31 martiT daTariRebuli<br />

xelSekrulebis safuZvelze, ruseTs<br />

ufleba hqonda gamoeyenebina<br />

saqarTvelos rogorc saxmeleTo,<br />

aseve sahaero sivrce somxeTis<br />

teritoriaze moqmedi Tavisi samxedro<br />

bazis mosamarageblad. giumris<br />

bazisken swored saqarTvelos<br />

gavliT xdeboda tvirTebis, samxedro<br />

teqnikisa Tu piradi Semadgenlobis<br />

tranziti. saqarTvelo<br />

sakuTari interesebidan gamodis,<br />

magram es exeba somxeTis interesebsac,<br />

radgan, bolos da bolos,<br />

baza xom somxeTis teritoriaze<br />

mdebareobs...19 aprils, rodesac<br />

xsenebuli xelSekrulebis gauqmebis<br />

Taobaze prezident saakaSvilis<br />

iniciativa warudgina parlaments,<br />

sagareo saqmeTa ministris<br />

moadgilem nino kalandaZem aRniSna,<br />

rom xelSekrulebis gauqmeba ruse-<br />

Tis mxridan 2008 wels da Semdgom<br />

gamovlenili agresiiT aris nakarnaxevi<br />

da rom am nabijis safuZveli<br />

politikuri mizanSewonilobaa.<br />

marTalia, xelSekrulebis moqmedebis<br />

5-wliani vada noemberSi<br />

iwureba da saqarTveloc axla winaswar<br />

iWers misi argagrZelebis<br />

Tadarigs, magram, rogorc nino kalandaZe<br />

ambobs, xelSekruleba ukve<br />

TiTqmis 3 weliwadia mainc aRar<br />

muSaobs: `ruseTma 2008 wlis ivlisSi<br />

mogvmarTa bolos nebarTvaze<br />

da saqarTvelos xelisuflebamac<br />

swored maSin gasca bolo<br />

nebarTva. xolo Semdeg momarTvaze<br />

ruseTis federaciam saqarTvelos<br />

xelisuflebisgan ukve uari miiRo.<br />

da mas Semdeg ruseTis federacias,<br />

rogorc aseTi, aRarc moumarTavs.~<br />

ra alternatiuli gzebi gamonaxa<br />

2008 wlis Semdeg ruseTma da ra<br />

gzebiT maragdeba amJamad giumris<br />

baza, es jerjerobiT gaurkvevelia.<br />

amasTan dakavSirebiT informacias<br />

ar flobs erevneli eqsperti,<br />

erovnuli da strategiuli kvlevebis<br />

centris xelmZRvaneli<br />

manvel sarqisiani; magram imas, rom<br />

saqarTvelom 19 aprils gadadgmuli<br />

nabijiT xelSekrulebis xelaxla<br />

amoqmedebis Teoriuli Sansic<br />

ki gaauqma, somexi analitikosi<br />

`sakmaod seriozul gadawyvetilebas~<br />

uwodebs. mis mier moxmobili<br />

logikiT, am nabijma garkveulwilad<br />

somxeTis interesebic<br />

daazarala. am RonisZiebis mizania<br />

piradi Semadgenlobis gadayvanisa<br />

da samxedro teqnikis miwodebis<br />

Seferxeba giumris bazisTvis...~<br />

mesmis saqarTvelos interesi,<br />

rodesac ruseTTan mimarTebiT axdens<br />

nivelirebas msgavsi nabijebiTac.<br />

ra Tqma unda, saqarTvelo<br />

sakuTari interesebidan gamodis,<br />

magram es exeba somxeTis interesebsac,<br />

radgan, bolos da bolos,<br />

baza xom somxeTis teritoriaze<br />

mdebareobs. `giumris bazis amJamindeli<br />

momaragebis gzebsa da<br />

meTodebze arafers ambobs, magram,<br />

somexi analitikosis msgavsad, saqarTvelos<br />

mier gadadgmul nabijs<br />

situaciis garTulebis konteqstSi<br />

ganixilavs cnobili rusi analitikosi<br />

aleqsandr golci:“ cxadia,<br />

rom am RonisZiebis mizania piradi<br />

Semadgenlobis gadayvanisa da samxedro<br />

teqnikis miwodebis Seferxeba<br />

giumris bazisTvis... neba momeciT<br />

SegaxsenoT, rom ruseTis samxedro<br />

armia didwilad wvevamdelebiT<br />

aris dakompleqtebuli. gamodis,<br />

rom piradi Semadgenloba am bazaze<br />

6-TveSi erTxel icvleba da<br />

4 IV<br />

politika<br />

ruseTTan gauqmebuli xelSekruleba da<br />

saqarTvelo-somxeTis urTierToba<br />

rTuli SemTxveva iqneba, Tuki amis<br />

gakeTeba SeuZlebeli aRmoCndeba...~<br />

msgavsi Sinaarsis komentarebis<br />

fonze, bevrisTvis saeWvoa, rom<br />

saqarTvelos Tavdacvis ministris<br />

baCo axalaias viziti somxeTSi<br />

droSi, ubralod, daemTxva saqarTvelos<br />

gadawyvetilebas gaeuqmebina<br />

didwilad swored somxeTis interesebSi<br />

Semavali xelSekruleba.<br />

aseT eWvze laparakobs irakli<br />

aladaSvilic, samxedro Jurnal<br />

`arsenalis~ mTavari redaqtori:<br />

`SeiZleba qarTulma mxarem mosinja,<br />

erevnis reaqcia rogori Sei-<br />

Zleba yofiliyo am nabijTan dakav-<br />

SirebiT. Cven ar unda dagvaviwydes,<br />

rom somxeTi da ruseTi samxreT<br />

kavkasiaSi strategiuli partniorebi<br />

arian da maT aqvT dadebuli<br />

ormxrivi Tavdacvis xelSekruleba,<br />

romlis mixedviTac maT SeuZliaT<br />

daexmaron erTmaneTs omSi.~<br />

irakli aladaSvili ixsenebs im<br />

xelSekrulebis Sinaarss, romelic<br />

ruseTma da somxeTma 2010 wlis<br />

agvistoSi gaaformes da romlis<br />

mixedviTac, ruseTis bazas moqmedebis<br />

vada 2044 wlamde gauxangrZlivda.imas,<br />

rom saqarTvelos<br />

Tavdacvis ministris vizitisas<br />

xelSekrulebis mosalodneli<br />

gauqmebis Temazec aucileblad<br />

ilaparakebdnen, aseve varaudobs<br />

erevneli analitikosi manvel sarqisiani.<br />

Tumca, misi TqmiT, axalaias<br />

vizitis Sesaxeb somxeTSi Zalian<br />

mwiri informacia gavrcelda. rac<br />

Seexeba saqarTvelos parlamentis<br />

19 aprilis gadawyvetilebas, mas<br />

jerjerobiT ar mohyolia somxeTisa<br />

da ruseTis mxridan oficialuri<br />

gancxadebebi.


politika<br />

koba subeliani _ parlamentis sxdomaze<br />

qveynis umaRlesi sakanonmdeblo organos wevrebma,<br />

„samTavrobo kvireulis“ farglebSi, okupirebuli<br />

teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,<br />

gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministr koba subelians<br />

mousmines.okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT<br />

gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa<br />

ministrma, koba subelianma detalurad isaubra ganxorcielebul<br />

RonisZiebebze. im sakmaod mZime memkvidreobis<br />

fonze, romelic dRevandelma xelisuflebam<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa mdgomareobasTan<br />

dakavSirebiT miiRo, ministris TqmiT, viTareba dRes<br />

mniSvnelovnad gamosworebulia, Tumca, saministros,<br />

mTlianad mTavrobas, parlamentis daxmarebiT, viTarebis<br />

sabolood gamosworebisaTvis kidev didi Zalisxmevis<br />

gamoCena mouwevs.rogorc koba subelianma<br />

ganacxada, warmatebiT xorcieldeba devnilTaTvis<br />

saxelmwifo obieqtebis sakuTrebaSi gadacemis da<br />

maTTvis sacxovrebeli binebis dakanonebis procesi.<br />

bolo sami wlis ganmavlobaSi qveynis masStabiT<br />

TiTqmis 22 aTas ojaxamde dakmayofilebulia biniT, 5<br />

267 ki - alternatiuli TanxiT. eseni arian rogorc<br />

afxazeTidan, aseve samaCablodan devnilebi. sul dakanonebulia<br />

620 obieqti, maTgan 277 - TbilisSi, 343<br />

ki - raionebSi. ministris informaciiT, mniSvnelovnad<br />

mowesrigda devnilTaTvis eleqtroenergiis miwodebisa<br />

da gamricxvelianebis sakiTxi, dadebiTad wydeba gaziT<br />

momaragebis sakiTxic. aqcenti aRebulia devnilTa<br />

sacxovrebeli obieqtebis garemontebaze da maTTvis<br />

sacxovrebeli pirobebis gaumjobesebaze. mTel am<br />

process donori organizaciebi uweven monitorings.<br />

saministros saqmianobis prezentaciisas, deputatebs<br />

slaidebis naxvis saSualebac hqondaT, sadac TvalnaTliv<br />

Canda am uwyebis xelmZRvanelobiT ganxorcielebuli<br />

proeqtebi: sad, ra viTarebaSi cxovrobdnen<br />

devnilebi da rogoria axla maTi sacxovrebeli pirobebi.<br />

620 dakanonebuli obieqtidan 343 ukve garemontebulia.<br />

„dRes xalxi ukeTes pirobebSi cxovrobs<br />

vidre adre. wina xelisuflebas mciredi mainc<br />

rom gaekeTebina 17 wlis ganmavlobaSi, devnilebi ase<br />

gausaZlis yofaSi dRes ar iqnebodnen,“ - ganacxada<br />

koba subelianma, Tumca man isic dasZina, rom gasakeTebeli<br />

jer kidev bevria. saqarTvelos teritoriaze<br />

257 aTasi iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli piri imyofeba,<br />

rac daaxloebiT 80 aTasi ojaxia. rogorc ministrma<br />

Tqva, devnilTaTvis samuSao adgilebis Seqmnazec<br />

zrunaven, raSic partniori organizaciebi exmarebian.<br />

ministri fiqrobs, rom donori organizaciebisa da<br />

mTavrobis erToblivi muSaobiT, nel-nela am problemasac<br />

moagvareben. ministrma samomavlo gegmebsa da<br />

saqmianobis prioritetebze saubrisas ganacxada, rom<br />

kidev bevria usaxlkaro devnili. maTTvis moZiebuli<br />

aqvT 100-mde obieqti, romelTa proeqtirebac mimdinareobs<br />

da sacxovrebel binebad maTi gadakeTebis Sesaxeb<br />

mais-ivnisSi tenders gamoacxadeben. „jer kidev<br />

bevri adamiani imyofeba gausaZlis mdgomareobaSi da<br />

swored esaa Cveni safiqrali. samwuxarod, erT dReSi<br />

ver keTdeba yvelaferi, magram Cven Zalasa da energias<br />

ar daviSurebT imisaTvis, rom yvelas gavuumjobesoT<br />

sacxovrebeli pirobebi“, - ganacxada koba subelianma.<br />

ministrma ekomigrantebzec gaamaxvila yuradReba da<br />

V<br />

aRniSna, rom maTi daxmarebis procesi grZeldeba da<br />

ramdenime ojaxi Sesabamisi daxmarebiT welsac iqneba<br />

dakmayofilebuli.parlamentis wevrTa mxridan ministris<br />

misamarTiT bevri kiTxva daisva, romlebsac man<br />

amomwuravad upasuxa.koba subelianma uaryo fraqcia<br />

`qristian-demokratebis~ Tavmjdomaris, giorgi axvledianis<br />

braldebebi da ganacxada, rom simarTles ar<br />

Seesabameba is faqti, TiTqos devnilebs quCaSi yridnen<br />

da satvirTo avtomanqanebiT gadahyavdaT. misi TqmiT,<br />

am process akvirdebodnen gaeros ltolvilTa umaRlesi<br />

komisariatis TanamSromlebi da am procesTan<br />

dakavSirebiT maT SeniSvnebi ar hqoniaT. devnilTa<br />

gamoyvana im sacxovreblebidan xdeboda, romlebic<br />

ukanonod iyo dakavebuli.saministros TanamSromelTa<br />

mxridan moqalaqe fifias TviTmkvlelobamde miyvanis<br />

braldebasTan dakavSirebiT, koba subelianma ganacxada,<br />

rom es faqti misi piradi tragediacaa. rogorc man<br />

ganacxada, is uyuradRebod namdvilad ar dautovebiaT,<br />

Tumca sabolood, misi gadarCena ver moaxerxes.saparlamento<br />

umciresobis lideris giorgi TargamaZis<br />

SeniSvnaze, TiTqos 2008 wlis omis Sedegad, samaCablodan<br />

devnilebs ar eniWebaT statusi, koba subelianma<br />

ganacxada, rom es sinamdviles ar Seesabameba.<br />

devnilis statusis miniWebas gansazRvruli proceduriT<br />

xdeba da Tu ki vinme mimarTavs saministros,<br />

romelsac devnilis statusi ekuTvnis, is mas aucileblad<br />

miiRebs. `qristian-demokratebi~ ministrs<br />

devnilTa jandacvis ugulebelyofasac sayveduroben.<br />

rogorc magda anikaSvilma ganacxada, devnilebisaTvis<br />

samedicino momsaxureba miuwvdomelia. misi TqmiT, am<br />

adamianebma 2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdeg mZime<br />

stresi gamoiares da meti yuradReba sWirdebaT.levan<br />

vefxvaZis sapasuxod ki ministrma ganacxada, rom<br />

devnilebisaTvis Semweobebis Sewyvetas aravin apirebs.<br />

es mxolod maSin moxdeba, rodesac Sesruldeba saxelmwifos<br />

saboloo mizani - devnilebi sazogadoebaSi<br />

srulad iqnebian integrirebulni.<br />

nino CibCiuri<br />

5


devnilebma sasoflo-sameurneo<br />

teqnika miiRes<br />

„iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa cxovrebis stabilizaciisa<br />

da maTi sazogadoebaSi integrirebis<br />

proeqtis“ farglebSi devnilebs sasoflo-sameurneo<br />

teqnika gadaecaT. teqnika miiRes saqaSeTisa da SavSvebis<br />

devnili da adgilobrivi Temis servis jgufebma.<br />

aRniSnuli RonisZieba sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis<br />

gadacemis mesame etapia. „qea“-m 2010 wels analogiuri<br />

teqnika gadasca skris, berbukis, axalsoflis,<br />

kodas, Saumianisa da xurvaleTis servis jgufebs.<br />

TiToeuli jgufisTvis miwodebuli teqnikis Rirebuleba<br />

130 aTasi dolaria. proeqtis farglebSi xdeba<br />

jgufebis mudmivi treiningi biznes gegmis Sedgenis,<br />

buRalteriasa da msgavs sakiTxebze. jamSi, aRniSnulma<br />

jgufebma 70 682 laris Semosavali miiRes. aRniSnuli<br />

momsaxurebiT dReisaTvis 2000-mde iZulebiT<br />

gadaadgilebulma pirma da adgilobrivma fermerebma<br />

isargebles. rogorc okupirebuli teritoriebidan<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa<br />

da ltolvilTa ministrma koba subelianma aRniSna,<br />

aRniSnuli proeqtis mizania, devnilebs sakuTari Semosavlis<br />

wyaro hqondeT: „Cveni mizania, saxlebTan er-<br />

Tad, devnilebs Semosavlis wyaro gavuCinoT. swored<br />

amisTvis aris aRniSnuli teqnika gamoyofili. devnil<br />

mosaxleobas SeeZleba miwa daamuSaos da sxvis daxmarebaze<br />

naklebad iyos damokidebuli. maT sakuTari<br />

Semosavali eqnebaT da sxvisi daxmarebis molodinSi<br />

ar iqnebian. TiToeul traqtors minimum ori Temi<br />

gamoiyenebs. saTesle saSualebebs ki, ara marto devnilebs,<br />

aramed adgilobriv mosaxleobas soflis meurneobis<br />

saministro urigebs. am yvelafris mizania,<br />

devnilebs sakuTari Semosavali hqondeT. `iZulebiT<br />

gadaadgilebul pirTa cxovrebis stabilizaciisa da<br />

maTi sazogadoebaSi integrirebis proeqts~ norvegiis<br />

mTavrobis sagareo saqmeTa saministros dafinansebiT<br />

axorcieleben „qea norvegia“ da „qea saerTaSoriso<br />

kavkasiaSi“, partnior organizaciebTan erTad: samoqalaqo<br />

ganviTarebis saagento (CIDA), devnil qalTa<br />

asociacia `Tanxmoba~ da `treiningebisa da konsultaciebis<br />

centri~. proeqtis biujeti Seadgens 19<br />

milion norvegiul krons (2.9 milioni aSS dolari).<br />

proeqti 2009 wlis ivlisSi daiwyo da 2012 wlis<br />

ivlisis bolomde gagrZeldeba. sasoflo-sameurneo<br />

teqnikis gadacemas daeswrnen: saqarTvelos okupirebuli<br />

teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,<br />

gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministri b-ni koba subeliani,<br />

Sida qarTlis gubernatori batoni zurab arsoSvili,<br />

soflis meurneobisa saministros warmomadgenlebi.<br />

agreTve, saqarTveloSi moqmedi saerTaSoriso<br />

da adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciaTa xelmZ-<br />

Rvaneli pirebi.<br />

6 VI<br />

siaxleebi<br />

devnilebma sagazafxulod<br />

xvna-Tesva daiwyes<br />

Sida qarTlSi mcxovrebma devnilebma saministros<br />

daxmarebiT xurvaleTSi xvna-Tesva daiwyes. aRniSnul<br />

CasaxlebaSi devnilebisTvis 35 heqtramde miwa damuSavda<br />

da hibriduli simindi daiTesa. miwis damuSavebas<br />

ministri koba subeliani liaxvis xeobis<br />

maJoritari, deputati badri basiSvili da Sida qarTlSi<br />

prezidentis rwmunebuli zurab arsoSvili<br />

daeswro. xurvaleTSi devnili 139 ojaxi cxovrobs.<br />

TiTo ojaxis sakuTrebaSia naxevari heqtari miwa,<br />

romlis nawilze siminds moiyvanen, danarCen nawilze<br />

ki sxva mosavals. analogiuri samuSaoebi rogorc<br />

Sida qarTlSi, ise sxva regionebSic gagrZeldeba. rogorc<br />

devnilebma aRniSnes, SarSan mosavalma gaamarTla<br />

da wels ukeTes mosavals elian. jemal maxniaSvili,<br />

devnili: „mTavrobis daxmarebiT miwa SarSanac<br />

davamuSave da simindi davTese. vinc ar daizara, xeli<br />

gaanZria da cota iSroma, yvelam kargi mosavali miiRo.<br />

vinc araferi gaakeTa 30 tomara simindi aiRo.<br />

SarSan, me 100 tomara simindi aviRe. xelSewyoba welsac<br />

gvaqs. xedavT, rom miwas gvimuSaveben, Sroma ar<br />

gvezareba da ukeTes mosavals velodebiT.“ okupirebuli<br />

teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,<br />

gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministrma koba subelianma<br />

aRniSna, rom analogiuri daxmareba sxva regionebSic<br />

gagrZeldeba: „Sida qarTlSi, mTlianad, 300<br />

heqtari miwa davamuSaveT. es imas niSnavs, rom devnili<br />

mosaxleoba sxvis daxmarebaze ar iqneba damokidebuli<br />

da sakuTari Semosavali eqneba. marto sacxovrebeli<br />

sakmarisi ar aris, Warb Semosavals realizaciasac<br />

gaukeTeben da Tanxac gauCndebaT. devnili mosaxleoba<br />

iseve cxovrobs, rogorc adgilobrivi mosaxle. ase,<br />

nel-nela ojaxebi ekonomiurad Zlierdebian.“<br />

nino CibCiuri


konfliqtis zona<br />

sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis Tema<br />

sofel ergneTSi<br />

Jurnal liaxvis xeobis #2-Si dabeWdil statias<br />

sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb gamoxmaureba<br />

mohyva. ergneTis erT-erTi mkvidri nodar kasraZe<br />

im Tanasoflelebs pasuxobs, romlebmac JurnalTan<br />

saubrisas ganacxades, rom prezidentis naCuqari traqtorebi<br />

kerZo pirebis xelSi moeqca da isini adgilobriv<br />

mosaxleobas araferSi adgeba. nodar kasraZe aRniSnavs,<br />

rom vinc aseT informaciebs awvdis medias, SesaZloa<br />

proeqtSi warumatebeli da ganawyenebuli pirebi iyvnen.<br />

TviTon ki ambobs, rom arasamTavrobo organizaciis erTerT<br />

proeqtSi gamarjvebuli biznes gegmis avtoria da<br />

traqtoric amis Sedegad gadaeca, romelsac rogorc Tavad<br />

ganmartavs xSirad usasyidlod, zogjer ki sakmaod<br />

mizerul fasSi ergneTelebs da mimdebare soflebis<br />

glexebs amuSavebinebs. rac Seexeba prezidentis saCuqars,<br />

ganmartavs, rom is tirZnisis sakrebulos abaria, romli-<br />

Tac mosaxleoba agreTve aqtiurad sargeblobs.<br />

incidenti cxinvalis<br />

centrSi<br />

cxinvalis centrSi incidentTan dakavSirebiT de<br />

faqto respublikis samarTaldamcavebma ganacxades, rom<br />

avtomobilis korteJidan, romelSic rusi sportsmenebi<br />

imyofebodnen, adgilobriv milicias jer sityvieri<br />

Seuracxyofa miayenes, Semdeg ki cecxli gauxsnes. osuri<br />

sainformacio saagentoebis mtkicebiT, manqanaSi imyofebodnen<br />

ruseTis moWidaveTa nakrebis mTavari mwvrTneli<br />

jambolat Tedeevi (metsaxelad diki), de faqto<br />

respublikis Tavdacvis yofili ministri anatoli barankeviCi<br />

da ruseTis Widaobis federaciis prezidenti<br />

mixeil mamiaSvili. srolis Sedegad aravin daSavebula.<br />

rogorc de faqto respublikis S.s.s–s pressamsaxurSi<br />

ganacxades, rom ara cxinvaleli Zalovanebis TavSekaveba,<br />

sisxlisRvris Tavidan acileba SeuZlebeli iqneboda. incidentis<br />

Semdeg rusi sportsmenebis korteJma de faqto<br />

respublikis teritoria datova. dRes osurma saagentoebma<br />

internetSi gaavrceles videomasala, saidanac<br />

Cans, rom erT–erTi manqanidan samarTaldamcavebs Sua<br />

TiTs uCveneben da osur enaze dedis gineba ismis. osuri<br />

mediis cnobiT, amas jambolat Tedeevi akeTebs, Tumca<br />

kadrebSi misi saxe ar Cans. imave kadrebSi isic Cans,<br />

rom ucxouri manqanebis korteJs SeiaraRebuli pirebi<br />

dasdeven. aRniSnuli incidentis Semdeg ruseTis elCi<br />

de faqto respublikaSi elbrus kargievi sagareo saqme-<br />

Ta saministroSi daibares. kokoiTis xelisufleba am<br />

etapze Sefasebebisgan Tavs ikavebs. cxinvalSi momxdari<br />

SeiaraRebuli provokacia rusuli mediis yuradRebis<br />

centrSi moeqca. incidentis sruliad gansxvavebul ver-<br />

VII<br />

sias hyveba manqanaSi myofi mixeil mamiaSvili. rusuli<br />

saagentoebisTvis micemul interviuSi igi acxadebs, rom<br />

provokacia kokoiTis xelisuflebis Zalovani uwyebebis<br />

mxridan daiwyo, roca korteJis gamoCenisas maT haerSi<br />

umisamarTo srola daiwyes. mamiaSvilis informaciiT,<br />

cxinvalSi Tedeevis mamis dabadebis dReze imyofebodnen,<br />

Tan wayvanili hyavdaT daRestneli axalgazrda moWidaveebi,<br />

romlebmac os TanatolebTan saCvenebeli wvrTnebi<br />

gamarTes, RonisZiebebis dasrulebis Semdeg ki maTi manqanebis<br />

korteJi blokirebuli iqna 7 manqaniT, saidanac<br />

SeiaraRebuli xalxi gadmovida da srola atexa. mamiaSvilis<br />

azriT, provokacia jambolat Tedeevis winaaRmdeg<br />

iyo mimarTuli. wels, noemberSi, de faqto respublikaSi<br />

saprezidento arCevnebi Catardeba. jambolat Tedeevi<br />

ruseTSi kokoiTis opoziciuri dajgufebis erT–erTi<br />

lideria. am jgufs saprezidento arCevnebze saku-<br />

Tari kandidatura eyoleba. kokoiTis opozicias jer<br />

ar gadauwyvetia, vin miiRebs maTi mxridan arCevnebSi<br />

monawileobas. sakuTar kandidats eduard kokoiTic<br />

amzadebs. rogorc cnobilia, kokoiTis da Tedeevs ara<br />

marto politikuri, aramed piradi dapirispirebac aqvT.<br />

Tavis droze kokoiTis gamarjvebaSi Zmebma Tedeevebma -<br />

metsaxelad dikebma - didi roli iTamaSes, magram Semdeg<br />

maT Soris dapirispireba daiwyo. isic cnobilia, rom<br />

kokoiTis dikebma araerTxel scemes kidec. moskovuri<br />

opoziciis kidev erT liders, de faqto respublikis<br />

yofili generaluri prokuroris axsar koCievis TqmiT,<br />

kokoiTi diqtatoria da cxinvalSi demokratiis Sesaxeb<br />

saubari zedmetia. koCievis azriT, kokoiTis Tedeevis<br />

Zalian eSinia da provokacias uwyobs. Tedeevi ki sazogadoebas<br />

male daanaxvebs kokoiTis namdvil saxes.<br />

konfliqtologi paata zaqareiSvili cxinvalSi momxdar<br />

incidents moaxloebuli saprezidento arCevnebis<br />

WrilSi ganixilavs. misi azriT, or gunds Soris brZola<br />

ukve daiwyo da am brZolaSi iaraRis JRaruni mudmivad<br />

iqneba. de faqto respublikis prezidentis arCevnebi<br />

mimdinare wlis noemberSi gaimarTeba. miuxedavad imisa,<br />

rom konkretuli kandidatebi jer ar dasaxelebula, cxinvalSi<br />

saarCevno maraToni ukve daiwyo. es maraToni<br />

rom Zaladobis gareSe ar Caivlis, bolo erTma kviramac<br />

cxadyo. SabaTs adgilobrivma Zalovanebma omis dros<br />

dazaralebulTa aqcia daarbies. gavrcelebuli informaciiT,<br />

am aqciis monawileebi moskovuri opoziciis liderebis<br />

mier imarTebian. guSin ki cxinvalis centrSi<br />

SeiaraRebuli provokacia moxda. cxinvalSi mxolod<br />

is aris cnobili, rom kokoiTi sakuTar memkvidred de<br />

faqto respublikis amJamindel genprokurors Teimuraz<br />

xugaevs amzadebs, opozicia ki moskovel biznesmens albert<br />

jusoevs uWers mxars. jusoevis garSemo kokoiTze<br />

ganawyenebuli xalxia Sekrebili. maT Sorisaa jambolat<br />

Tedeevi, romelsac putinTan axlo urTierToba aqvs.<br />

nino CibCiuri<br />

7


8<br />

kokoiTi: samxreT oseTisa da<br />

afxazeTis damoukideblobis<br />

aRiarebas kidev erTi qveyana<br />

apirebs (?!)<br />

samxreT oseTisa da afxazeTis damoukideblobis<br />

aRiarebas kidev erTi qveyana apirebs, - amis Sesaxeb<br />

cxinvalis reJimis liderma eduard kokoiTma ruse-<br />

Tis sagareo saqmeTa ministr sergei lavrovTan cxinvalSi<br />

gamarTuli Sexvedrisas ganacxada.<br />

`exo maskvis~ informaciiT, kokoiTma es gancxadeba<br />

Sexvedris Semdeg gamarTul erTobliv preskonferenciaze<br />

gaakeTa.<br />

Tumca, kokoiTis ar daukonkretebia, romeli qveyana<br />

apirebs afxazeTisa da e.w. samxreT oseTis damoukideblobis<br />

aRiarebas. eduard kokoiTisa da sergei lavrovis<br />

Sexvedra dRes cxinvalSi gaimarTa.<br />

`komersanti~<br />

ruseTsa da afxazeTs Soris<br />

teritoriuli dava ar cxreba<br />

ruseTsa da afxazeTs Soris teritoriuli dava<br />

ar cxreba. gazeT `komersantis~ informaciiT, mxareebi<br />

ver Tanxmdebian ruseT-saqarTvelos saxmeleTo saz-<br />

Rvris demilitarizaciaze gagris raionis maRalmTian<br />

zonaSi. kerZod, mxareebi maRalmTian sofel aibRas<br />

ver iyofen.<br />

`komersanti~ ruseTis sagareo saqmeTa saministroze<br />

dayrdnobiT iuwyeba, rom soxumma soflis<br />

ruseTisadmi kuTvnileba aRiara da axla sazRvris<br />

VIII<br />

konfliqtis zona<br />

dadgena da xazis gavleba mxolod teqnikuri saqmea.<br />

Tumca, amgvari ganwyoba ara aqvs afxazeTis "prezident"<br />

sergei baRafSs, romelmac ganacxada, rom "arc<br />

erTi kvadratuli metri miwis gadacemas ar apirebs".<br />

cxinvalSi<br />

saprotesto aqcia<br />

daSales<br />

ruseT-saqarTvelos omis dros dazaralebuli mosaxleobis<br />

nawili auSenebeli saxlebis sanacvlod<br />

fulis gadaxdas moiTxovda.<br />

erT-erTi monawilis, liana Tedeevis TqmiT, momitingeebs<br />

Tavdapirvelad milicielebma wre Semoartyes,<br />

Semdeg ki adgilze samxedro mosamsaxureebi mividnen.<br />

"Cven is axalgazrdebi dagvexsnen Tavs, romlebic<br />

inara gabaraevas emuqrebodnen. ise gvaginebdnen, manamde<br />

aseTi sityvebi arsad gamigia. uflebadamcvel besarion<br />

oseevs wixlebiT scemes. daapires, CemTvisac daertyaT,<br />

magram qalebma damicves", - ganacxada Tedeevam.<br />

mitingi gasul SabaTs 11:00 saaTze daiwyo; igegmeboda,<br />

rom mitingebi 10 dRis ganmavlobaSi gagrZeldeboda.<br />

saprotesto aqciaSi mxolod 20 adamiani monawileobda,<br />

romelTagan umetesoba qalebi iyvnen.<br />

uflebadamcvel inara gabaraevas mimarT de-daqto<br />

Tavdacvis saministros TanamSromlebis mxridan muqaris<br />

Sesaxeb informacia gasul kviraSi gavrcelda.<br />

gabaraevas sami mamakaci daemuqra da saqmianobis Sewyveta<br />

mosTxova.<br />

cxinvalSi aRdgeniTi samuSaoebis neli tempi ramdenime<br />

saprotesto aqciis mizezi gaxda. samSeneblo<br />

samuSaoebisTvis moskovma cxinvalis reJims 2008-<br />

2009 wlebSi 10 miliardi rubli, wels ki 6 miliard<br />

810 milioni rubli gamouyo.<br />

nino CibCiuri


konfliqtis zona<br />

cxinvalSi gatarebuli 18-dRiani tyevobis detalebi<br />

cxinvalis cixeSi am droisTvis 4 qarTveli_<br />

midelaSvili, razmaZe, sxirtlaZe da demetraSvili<br />

rCebian. rogorc Sinagan saqmeTa saministros warmomadgenelma<br />

nata javaxiSvilma ganmarta, maT sanacvlod<br />

osuri mxare ruseTis ori dakavebuli moqalaqis,<br />

xuranovisa da Tedeevis, gaTavisuflebas iTxovs. dakavebulTa<br />

gacvlis procesebi 2008 wlidan dRemde<br />

periodulad ewyoba. SeTanxmebebi ZiriTadad sofel<br />

ergneTTan, incidentebis previnciisa da maTze reagirebis<br />

farglebSi gamarTuli Sexvedrebis Sedegad<br />

xdeba. Tumca ra viTarebaSi gaatares osur mxares-<br />

Tan tyveobis periodi, gaTavisuflebuli qarTvelebi,<br />

garkveuli mizezebis gamo Riad Zalian cotas saubroben.<br />

erTerTi gamonaklisi 34 wlis daviT ZaZamia<br />

aRmoCnda, romelmac 18 dRiani tyveobis detalebis<br />

gaxmaureba ,,liaxvis xeobasTan” gadawyvita. didi liaxvis<br />

xeobis sofel TamaraSenidan devnili yveba, rom<br />

omis dros cxinvalis cixeSi rusma jariskacebma dedasTan<br />

erTad waiyvanes.<br />

_ rogor aRmoCndiT cxinvalis cixeSi da ra viTarebaSi<br />

gaatareT 18 dRiani tyveoba?<br />

_ cxinvalSi me da deda sofel aCabeTidan gadagviyvanes,<br />

Tavdapirvelad cxinvalis Sinagan saqmeTa saministros<br />

TanamSromlebis kontrolis qveS viyaviT,<br />

sadRac sardafSi. erTi kviris Semdeg ki rusebs migvabares.<br />

maiZulebdnen meTqva, rom viyavi saqarTvelos<br />

Tavdacvis saministros TanamSromeli,romelic viTomda<br />

saakaSvilis davalebiT vklavdi os bavSvebs, qalebs<br />

da moxucebs. aseve unda meTqva, rom danarCen qarTvel<br />

jariskacebTan erTad vbombavdi cxinvals da garSemo<br />

mdebare soflebs. es yvelaferi erT did furcelze<br />

eweraT da me unda wamekiTxa, erT-erTi rusuli televiziis<br />

winaSe. rodesac Cemgan uari miiRes sastikad<br />

gamiswordnen, ar maxsovs ras mirtyavdnen, an ramdeni<br />

mcemda. Seuracyofas ayenebdnen tyveobaSi myof qarTvel<br />

qalebsac. isini calke yavdaT, magram iseve rogorc<br />

maT, mec yvelaferi mesmoda.<br />

_ Tqven axseneT, rom adgili hqonda fizikur<br />

Seuracxyofebs, ZiriTadad ra dros vlindeboda maTi<br />

es agresia da kidev ras iTxovdnen Tqvengan, Tundac am<br />

sastiki cemis Tavidan acilebis sanacvlod?<br />

_ saerTod mTeli am periodis manZilze maTi<br />

wixlebis qveS yoveldRe vxvebodiT, gansakuTrebul<br />

agresis ki Cveni siCume iwvevda. maxsovs mTxovdnen<br />

maiZulebdnen meTqva yvelaferi, rac vicodi qarTuli<br />

jarisa da SeiaraRebis Sesaxeb. detalurad mimeTiTebina<br />

maTi ganlagebis adgilebi, strategiuli obieqtebi<br />

da a.S. ruqebi ki ekavaT xelSi, magram raRac gasasvlel-gamosasvlelebs<br />

azustebdnen da cdilobnen<br />

raRac daecdinaT Cemgan. roca maTTvis sasurvel informaciebs<br />

ver iRebdnen, maSin iwyeboda maTi agresia<br />

da cemis dros Tan CamZaxodnen,_es gekuTvnis, imitom<br />

rom qarTveli xaro. vigebdi rom msgavs dakiTxvebs<br />

dakavebul qalebsac uwyobdnen da maTac ayenebdnen<br />

Seuracyofebs.<br />

_ vin gascemda uSualod brZanebebs, samoqalaqo<br />

formaSi iyvnen vinc gcemdaT?<br />

_ ara SeiaraRebulebi da formianebi iyvnen. ramdenime<br />

adamiani iyo, romlebic e.w. zedamxedvelobis<br />

funqcias iTavsebdnen. odnav moSorebiT isxdnen da<br />

IX<br />

,,cixeSi qarTuli<br />

droSis Seuracxyofas<br />

maiZulebdnen“<br />

mimdinare pricesebiT xalisobdnen, maT Soris maxsovs<br />

erT-erTi maTgani iyo minZaevi. misi mimRimari saxe<br />

gansakuTrebiT damamaxsovra maSin, rodesac samsafexurian<br />

kibeze gaSlil qarTul droSaze cemiT gamatares,<br />

Semdeg maiZulebdnen droSa Seuracxmyo. amaze uaris<br />

Semdeg yvelaze metad mawames, mTeli brbo zed Semdga,<br />

ar maxsovs goneba ra dros davkarge, roca ukve Tvalebi<br />

gavaxile, sadRac derefanSi marto vegde.<br />

_ 18-dRis ganmavlobaSi ra iyo Tqveni sakvebi da<br />

mTel dReebs im sardafSi atarebdiT?<br />

B_ bolo dReebSi qarTvel tyveTa ricxvma daaxloebiT<br />

180-s miaRwia. amitom adgilebi rom aRar<br />

iyo, yvela erTad mogvaTavses. saSineli qaosi, autaneli<br />

pirobebi, saxanZro manqanebiT mohqondaT CvenTvis<br />

wyali da gamxmari puris natexebi, romlis miRebac<br />

daswrebaze iyo. rac Seexeba cixidan gasvlas, arvici<br />

qalebi sad gayavdaT, magram Cven qalaqs gvasufTavebinebdnen,<br />

gvamebs gvagrovebinebdnen da gvamarxinebdnen,<br />

humanitarul tvirTs gvaclvinebdnen da ase mSiermwyurvalebs<br />

isev im erT nestian oTaxSi gvyridnen.<br />

_ rodis da ra viTarebaSi moxda Tqveni gaTavisufleba?<br />

_ rodesac Cven cixidan gamogviyvanes cxinvali<br />

gamarjvebas zeimobso gviTxres. qalaqSi rusuli<br />

droSebiT iyo xalxi gamosuli. Cven ergneTTan migviyvanes<br />

da Tomas hamarbergis SuamavlobiT qarTul<br />

mxares gadagvces. maSin gavige, rom Cveni gacvla qarTvelebis<br />

mier dakavebul osebze xdeboda.<br />

omis Semdeg, roca dakavebulTa gacvlis Sesaxeb<br />

molaparakebebi daiwyo, osuri mxare yvelas gaTavisuflebas<br />

iTxovda, principiT, ,,yvela–yvelaze~, magram<br />

qarTuli mxare omamde dakavebuli de faqto respublikis<br />

moqalaqeebis gaTavisuflebaze, romlebic sxvadasxva<br />

mZime danaSaulisTvis ixdian sasjels, ar<br />

daTanxmda. samxreT oseTis de faqto respublikis<br />

prezidentis specialuri warmomadgenlis moadgilis<br />

merab Cigoevis gancxadeboT, marek dudaevisa da goris<br />

teraqtis mowyobisTvis dakavebulis gasaTavisufleblad<br />

osuri mxare Zalisxmevas ar iSurebs. qarTuli<br />

mxare ki acxadebs, rom mSvidobian moqalaqeebs teroristebSi<br />

ar cvlis.<br />

nino CibCiuri<br />

9


erTaderTi vaJis saflavis mitoveba lafaCebisTvis<br />

mTavar satkivars warmoadgens. devnili ojaxi<br />

micvalebulTa xsenebis dRes welsac mxolod locviT<br />

Semoifargla, saTanado pativis migeba da is<br />

tradiciebi rac xeobaSi axsovT, fiqroben, rom TandaTan<br />

daviwyebas eZleva. 21 wlis axalgazrda omamde<br />

erTi kviriT adre avtoavariis Sedegad daiRupa.<br />

Mmaia nasuaSvili (gardacvlilis deda): ,,es<br />

saSinelebaa, amqveyniuri jojoxeTi, wiTeli jvrisgan<br />

gvamis gadmosveneba viTxoveT, magram rusuli mxare<br />

amaze ar Tanxmdeba. gamotirebac ver movaswariT, 40<br />

TbilisSi gadavixadeT, mxolod misi daRupvis adgilze<br />

Tu gavdivarT, kaspTan, sadac avaria mouxda.<br />

vladimer lafaCi (gardacvlilis mama): Cven saflavis<br />

gakeTebac ver movaswariT, erT kviraSi omi daiwyo<br />

da wamovediT, arc ki viciT gadaurCa Tu ara sasaflao<br />

saomar moqmedebebs, Tumca xalxi ki ambobs xeo-<br />

10<br />

X<br />

konfliqtis zona<br />

okupirebul teritoriaze arsebuli<br />

saflavebi Wirisuflebis gareSe<br />

bis taZrebsa da saflavebs aravin mikarebiao, magram<br />

aRdgoma dResac rom mSobeli Svilis saflavze ver<br />

gava saSineli gancda da tkivilia.<br />

adgilnacvali ojaxebi xelisuflebas rusulosur<br />

mxareebTan molaparakebebis warmoebas sTxoven,<br />

raTa sul mcire droiT mainc gaxdes SesaZlebeli<br />

maTi usafrTxod gadaadgileba mamapapeul miwaze<br />

micvalebulTaTvis pativis misagebad.<br />

lamzira goCaSvili(devnili): 2 axalgazrda Zma<br />

myavs daRupuli, es umZimesi gancdaa, magram Cvens<br />

tkivils ufro aormagebs is mdgomareoba, raSic 2008<br />

wlis omis Sedegad aRmovCndiT, Cveni micvalebulebis<br />

saflavebze aRdgoma dRes paska da wiTeli kvercxebic<br />

ver gagvaqvs. erTaderTi nugeSi eklesia da maTi<br />

sulebis mosaxseniebeli locvis wakiTxvaa.<br />

qeTevan qurCiSvili(devnili): vTxov Cven xelisuflebas,<br />

rom sul erTi saaTi mainc moxerxdes Cveni<br />

gadayvana, mxolod Cveni micvalebulebis saflavebis<br />

mosanaxuleblad, es udidesi madli da sixaruli iqneba<br />

TiToeuli CvenTaganisTvis.<br />

sasaflaoebis da salocavebis monaxulebis Tema<br />

araerTxel iyo dayenebuli ergneTis Sereul Sexvedrebze.<br />

am problemis mogvarebis sakiTxi win sazogadoebisa<br />

da samarTaldamcavebis gorSi gamarTul Sexvedrazec<br />

iqna daayenebuli,iq Sekrebulma mosaxleobam<br />

sanugeSod ki mxolod is moismina, rom SeTavazebaze<br />

cxinvalidan pasuxs elodebian. dRes ukve cnobili<br />

xdeba rom mSvidobiani mosaxleobis usafrTxoebaze<br />

pasuxismgeblobas rusuli mxare sakuTar Tavze ver<br />

iRebs.<br />

ioseb beruaSvili (qurTis municipalitetis Tanam-<br />

Sromeli: qarTulma xelisuflebam araerTxel daayena<br />

es sakiTxi, magram rusuli mxare usafrTxod gadaadgilebis<br />

mxriv pasuxismgeblobas ver iRebs. gvindoda<br />

aRdgomisTvis mainc momxdariyo devnili Wirisuflebis<br />

mcire droiT gadayvana saflavebze, magram am<br />

winadadebaze rusul-osuri mxareebi ar wamovidnen.<br />

eqspertebi fiqroben, rom procesis dasawyebad<br />

aRniSnuli gadawyvetilebis sasikeTod miReba mniSvnelovani<br />

komponenti iqneba, Tumca xelisuflebis<br />

Semdeg sakiTxis ganxilvaSi veRarc sapatriarqo erTveba,<br />

radgan gavrcelebuli informaciiT, ruseTis eparqia<br />

fiqrobs, sakuTar avtokefalias dauqvemdebaros<br />

xeobaSi darCenili Zeglebi. molaparakeba mimdinareobs.<br />

Sinagan saqmeTa saministros warmomadgenelma<br />

nato javaxiSvilma aRniSna, rom ergneTis Sexvedrebze<br />

qarTuli mxare osur mxares am problemis gadaWris<br />

gzebze esaubreba da sTavazobs, rom Wirisuflebs rogorc<br />

erTi, ise meore mxridan naTesavebis saflavebze<br />

daubrkolebeli gasvla SeeZloT, Tundac religiur<br />

dReebSi. am winadadebaze osuri mxaris Tanxmoba jerjerobiT<br />

miRebuli ar aris.<br />

2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdeg konfliqtis zonis<br />

zogierTi qarTuli soflis sasaflao okupirebul<br />

teritoriaze moeqca. iq mcxovrebi adamianebi<br />

didi xania veRarc salocavSi da veRarc micvalebulebis<br />

saflavebze gadian. ergneTi, zemo niqozi,<br />

dvani, zardianTkari, flavi – es im qarTuli soflebis<br />

arasruli CamonaTvalia, romelTa sasaflaoebi amJamad<br />

okupirebulia. axla am soflebSi an devnilTa CasaxlebebSi<br />

gardacvlilebs axal sasaflaoebze asaflaveben.<br />

okupirebul saflavebze darCenil micvalebul-<br />

Ta axloblebs sasuliero pirebi mxolod locvisken<br />

mouwodeben.<br />

nino CibCiuri<br />

cxinvalidan devnili deda<br />

dakarguli Svilis kvaldakval<br />

21 wlis erbeg valievi dedas 5 welia ar unaxavs.<br />

venera ecadaSvili omamde cxinvalSi cxovrobda, misi<br />

vaJi ki orjonikiZeSi taqsis mZRolad muSaobda, 2006<br />

wlis 14 martis Semdeg ki misi kvali manqanianad<br />

gaqra. dedas Svilis Sesaxeb am dromde aranairi informacia<br />

ar gaaCnia.<br />

,,_ osuri mxridan arc raime SemoTavazeba yofila<br />

da verc verafers mivakvlie. sad aRar viyavi, vis aRar<br />

mivmarTe, magram uSedegod. martoxela qali var da<br />

gamosavals veRar vxedav, rom Cemi Svilis arsebobaze<br />

rame Sevityo~._ambobs venera ecadaSvili.<br />

Ddevnil ojaxs orjonikiZeSi naTesavebi ar yavs.<br />

dedas osi kriminalebis mier raime usiamovno faqtis<br />

ganxorcielebaze gafiqrebac uWirs, venera ecadaSvili<br />

xelisuflebas daxmarebas da 21 wlis vaJis moZebnaSi<br />

daxmarebas amjerad ,,liaxvis xeobis~ SuamavlobiT<br />

sTxovs.<br />

Nnino CibCiuri


konfliqtis zona<br />

istoriuli faqtebis gayalbebis<br />

morigi mcdeloba cxinvalSi<br />

cota xnis win cxinvalSi gamoica broSura, romlis<br />

winasityvaobidan irkveva, rom misma Semdgenlebma is<br />

miuZRvnes e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ saxelmwifoebriobis<br />

meoce wlisTavs. masSi Tavmoyrili masalebis erTi<br />

Tvalis gadavlebiTac ki aSkara xdeba, rom avtorTa<br />

mier igi tendenciuradaa Sedgenili da obieqturad<br />

ar asaxavs ori monaTesave xalxis qarTvelebisa da<br />

osebis mravalsaukunovan keTilmezoblur urTier-<br />

Tobebs. samagierod, xotbaSesxmulia rusul - osuri<br />

urTierTobebi, romlebic, rogorc arsebuli saarqivo<br />

masalebi miukerZoeblad metyveleben, XX-e saukunis<br />

20-ian wlebamde arc Tu ise saxarbielo yofila...<br />

aRniSnul gamocemaze „eqspertTa klubma“ komentari<br />

sTxova ivane javaxiSvilis istoriisa da eTnologiis<br />

institutis axali da uaxlesi istoriis ganyofilebis<br />

mecnier-TanamSromels mzia tyavaSvils,<br />

romelsac Cvens mkiTxvels qvemoT vTavazobT. bro-<br />

Sura warmoadgens uaxles periodSi (2008, 2009 da<br />

2010 wlebSi) e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ teritoriaze<br />

momxdari istoriuli movlenebis mokle aRweras, romlis<br />

Sinaarssac zustad miesadageba misi erT-erTi<br />

Tavis qvesaTaurad gamotanili lozungi _ „Россия<br />

и Южная Осетия – братские народы навеки!“ mocemuli<br />

publikaciis Sinaarsidan da paTosidan gamomdinare,<br />

cxadi xdeba, rom misi avtorebi ruseTis<br />

reaqciuli wreebisa da maTi cxinvaleli marionetebisagan<br />

miRebuli dakveTis gulmodgine Semsruleblebi<br />

arian. broSuris avtorebs 2008-2010 wlebis movlenebis<br />

SedarebiT vrceli aRwerisaTvis Sesavlis saxiT<br />

wamZRvarebuli aqvT „e. w. samxreT osuri qronikebi“<br />

_ Краткая хронология становления Югоосетинской<br />

государственности. igi warmoadgens im TariRebisa<br />

da istoriuli movlenebis CamonaTvals, romlebic, avtorTa<br />

azriT, yvelaze „Rirsaxsovari“ iyo. aRniSnuli<br />

„politikuri erTeulis“ cxovrebaSi 1774<br />

wlidan 2008 wlamde. Semdeg iwyeba momdevno sami<br />

wlis ganmavlobaSi e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ teritoriaze<br />

momxdari mniSvnelovani movlenebis SedarebiT<br />

vrceli mimoxilva. ufro cxadi rom gaxdes, Tu ras<br />

exeba „e. w. samxreT oseTis“ istoriuli faqtebis<br />

ukanaskneli sami wlis „angariSi“, mokled moviyvanT<br />

im TariRebs, romlebsac pativi ergoT moxvedriliyvnen<br />

zemoT dasaxelebul CamonaTvalSi. 2008 wlis<br />

mniSvnelovani movlenebis nusxaSi vxvdebiT: 26 agvistos<br />

_ d. medvedevis mier samxreT oseTis damoukideblobis<br />

cnobis brZanebaze xelmoweras; 9 seqtembers<br />

_ samxreT oseTsa da ruseTs Soris diplomatiuri<br />

urTierTobis damyarebas; 24 ianvars _ d. medvedevis<br />

mier federaluri kanonis _ „ruseTis federaciasa da<br />

samxreT oseTs Soris megobrobis, TanamSromlobisa da<br />

urTierTdaxmarebis xelSekrulebis ratifikacias“ da<br />

a. S. 2009 weli:<br />

30 aprili _ saxelmwifo sazRvrebis erTobliv<br />

dacvaze ruseTisa da samxreT oseTis ormxriv Se-<br />

Tanxmebaze xelis mowera; 1 maisi _ rusi mesazRvreebis<br />

mier samxreT oseTis sazRvrebis dacvis dawyeba;<br />

15 seqtemberi _ moskovSi xelmowerili SeTanxmeba<br />

ruseTsa da samxreT oseTs Soris samxedro TanamS-<br />

XI<br />

romlobaze, romelic iTvaliswinebda am ukanasknelis<br />

teritoriaze samxedro bazebis ganlagebas da a. S.<br />

2010 weli:<br />

1 Tebervali _ ruseTis federaciasa da samxreT<br />

oseTs Soris xelmowerili SeTanxmeba uvizo mimosvlaze;<br />

5 aprili _ d. medvedevis mier xelis mowera<br />

federalur SeTanxmebaze _ „samxreT oseTis respublikis“<br />

sazRvrebis erToblivi dacvis Sesaxeb; es Se-<br />

Tanxmeba ratificirebuli iqna saxelmwifo saTaTbiros<br />

mier 2010 wlis 26 marts da a. S. erTi sityviT<br />

rom aRvniSnoT, osi politikosebi emadlierebian da<br />

xotbas asxamen ruseTis xelisuflebas saqarTvelos<br />

agresiisgan e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ sazRvrebis dacvis,<br />

omisgan dangreuli ekonomikis aRorZinebis, „uangaro<br />

ekonomikuri Tu samxedro daxmarebis“ da, rac<br />

mTavaria, axali suverenuli politikuri erTeulis<br />

(samxreT oseTis) cnobisTvis. ruseTis saxelmwifosagan<br />

gansxvavebiT, „angariSSi“ metad uaryofiTadaa<br />

warmoCenili saqarTvelos xelisuflebis pozicia<br />

osuri mosaxleobis mimarT, ruseTis okupaciisgan<br />

sakuTari teritoriis dacvis gamo, igi agresoradaa<br />

gamoyvanili. gakritikebulia misi „diskriminaciuli<br />

politika“. publikaciaSi moxvedrili istoriuli<br />

movlenebi SeiZleba or jgufad gavyoT: pirveli, e.<br />

w. „samxreT oseTis“ ruseTTan urTierToba, romelic<br />

rogorc, avtorebi gvTavazoben, yovelTvis pozitiuria<br />

da leitmotivad ruseTis xelisuflebis osi<br />

xalxisadmi siyvaruli, maTi pativiscema, maTi ekonomikis,<br />

kulturis ganviTareba da sazRvrebis uangaro<br />

dacva gasdevs; meore, e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ saqarTvelosTan<br />

urTierToba, romelic, avtorebis mier<br />

darTuli komentarebis mixedviT, mTlianad negatiuria<br />

da agresiasa da osi xalxis diskriminaciazea agebuli.<br />

saqarTvelos xelisuflebis mimarT wayenebuli<br />

braldebebi, sinamdvileSi, saerTaSoriso samarTlis<br />

normebis mixedviT, ucxo qveynis agresiisgan da separatizmisgan<br />

sakuTari teritoriebis dacvaa. mTeli<br />

publikacia mraval faqtobriv uzustobas Seicavs,<br />

romelze dayrdnobiTac arasworadaa Sefasebuli istoriuli<br />

movlenebi da gakeTebulia mcdari daskvnebi.<br />

Cven mxolod zogierT maTgans SevexebiT. avtorebi<br />

qronikas, maTi azriT, pozitiuriT _ e. w. erTiani<br />

oseTis ruseTTan SeerTebiT _ iwyeben. moviyvanT citatas:<br />

„1774 г. октябрь - Вхождение единой Осетии,<br />

как федерации гражданских обществ, в состав<br />

11


12<br />

xeobelebi wilkanSic<br />

cxovroben<br />

am mwkrivSi kotejebi cisfrad SeuRobavT. mavTulbadiT<br />

SeRobili ezo, sadac koteji dgas, imdenad kopwiaa,<br />

rom ityvian, av Tvals ar enaxvis. ezo movlilia<br />

– dasufTavebuli. kotejis ukan patara saTavsoa da<br />

kidev raRac Senoba. mis gverdiT am orivesTan SedarebiT<br />

ufro patara saTavso miuSenebiaT. am samidan<br />

erT–erTSi is yvelaferi inaxeba, rasac diasaxlisi<br />

saZinebelsa da misaReb oTaxSi zedmetobad Tvlis.<br />

meore Senoba, cota ufro mozrdili, saqonlis sadgomia,<br />

sadac orma xbom gamoizamTra. SarSandeli xbo<br />

mermis ukve mewveli Zroxa iqneba. patroni varaudobs,<br />

rom ori Zroxa Tavis sarCo Tivas da qatos iyidis,<br />

ojaxsac gamokvebavs da gasayid produqciasac gamoimuSavebs.<br />

aq ganTavsebul 400 kotejSi xom sul mcire<br />

50 mcirewlovani bavSvi mainc eyolebaT. saqonlis<br />

movla arc yvela diasaxliss surs da amis SesaZlebloba<br />

arc yvelas aqvs. aseTi ojaxi iZulebulia rZe<br />

da rZis produqtebi Seisyidos. medicinis mtkicebiT,<br />

naturaluri produqti asakis SeuzRudavad yvelas<br />

da gansakuTrebiT bavSvebs esaWiroebaT.<br />

mSromeli adamiani yvelgan icxovrebs<br />

pawia kotejTan msubuqi avtomanqana gaCerda, saidanac<br />

mamakaci gadmovida da maspinZels dauZaxa.miuxedavad<br />

imasa, rom guliswamRebi qari qroda, Suaxnis<br />

qali baRidan gamovida da stumars miegeba. maT raRac<br />

Cailaparakes,mere ludam saqonlis sadgomis gverdiT<br />

mdebare pawia saTavsos kari gaaRo, romelic Cven<br />

zemoT vaxseneT. saqaTmidan 20–22 qaTami gamovida.<br />

ulamazesi Sinauri frinveli ezos erT wamSi moefina.<br />

mere diasaxlisma klientis mier miniSnebul qoCora<br />

qaTams sakenki dauyara, miityua da uceb daiWira.<br />

diliT adrianad dgeba, vidre TviTon isauzmebs,<br />

xborebs, Rors, da frinvels mixedavs, yvelas Tavis<br />

wil ulufas miutans. kargad mouvlis, sadgoms<br />

dausufTavebs, mere xelpirs daibans da samzareuloSi<br />

fusfuss daiwyebs.<br />

kargad icis, rom movla da patronoba saqonlisTvisac<br />

da frinvelisTvisac bevrs niSnavs. amitomaa,<br />

rom devnilTa dasaxlebaSi mcxovrebi rusi qalbatoni<br />

ukve bevrma gaicno. oci dedali gasayid kvercxsac<br />

debs.<br />

`– Zalian gamrje da dauzarelia. SromaSi atarebs<br />

mTel dRes. baRi danarnarebuli aqvs, xarisxiani<br />

mosavlis misaRebad da pirutyvisa da frinvelis<br />

mosaSeneblad bevrs cdilobs. zogs yavis smasa da<br />

WoraobaSi gahyavs dReebi. luda ki yavis dalevasac<br />

aswrebs da uTavbolod Sromobs kidevac“.<br />

,,sxva dasaxlebidanac modian. qaTami 12–15 lari<br />

Rirs. mermis ukve rZe da mawons gayidis. gvian Semodgomidan<br />

TiTqmis aprilamde erTi litri rZe da mawoni,<br />

Tu xarisxiania, ori lari Rirs. RmerTma misces,<br />

dRes da Rames SromaSi asworebs,“ – damajereblad<br />

gvesaubrebian mezoblebi cxinvalidan devnil qalbatonze,<br />

romelic daojaxebis Semdeg qurTaSi cxovrobda,<br />

axla ki mcxeTis raionis im dasaxlebaSi cxovrobs,<br />

sadac liaxvis da frones xeobidan devnilebis<br />

garda axalgorelebic arian.<br />

XII<br />

devnilTa cxovreba<br />

martis erT dRes, roca sakmaod grZelvadiani<br />

susxisa da qaris mere mzem Rrublebidan gamoixeda da<br />

Tavisi sxivebiT qveyanas moefina, Ceni gazeTi mcxeTis<br />

raionis sofel wilkans estumra.<br />

es sofeli Tavisi teritoriuli mdebareobiT, nayofieri<br />

miwebiTa da saukeTeso saxnav–saTesis garda,<br />

mSromeli da SeZlebuli xalxiT cnobili gaxlavT.<br />

sofelTan axlos, iqve, sul ramdenime metris daSorebiT<br />

devnilTa dasaxleba gaSenda da masac wilkani<br />

daerqva.<br />

kotejebi, faqtobrivad, iseTive proeqtiT aSenda,<br />

rogorc – werovanSi, xurvaleTSi, skraSi, metexSi.<br />

gansxvaveba isaa, rom saabazano aq saerTod araa, sapirfareSo<br />

ki gareTaa. sacxovrisi misaRebisgan da<br />

ori oTaxisgan Sedgeba. iseve, rogorc devnilTa yvela<br />

sxva dasaxlebaSi, devnilebisTvis dawesebuli SeRava-<br />

Ti – bunebrivi airis danaxarji – TveSi 50 lari da<br />

moxmarebuli eleqtroenergiis 13 lari (erT sulze)<br />

yvela ojaxisTvis mniSvnelovani SeRavaTia.<br />

Rumeli da yoveldRiuri moxmarebis sagnebi da<br />

inventari TiToeul ojaxs aqac gadaeca. zogierTi<br />

macxovrebeli dasaqmebulia – saxelfaso danazogiT<br />

maT avejic SeiZines da sxvadasxva daniSnulebis sagnebic.<br />

soflis meurneobiT daiteresebulma devnilebma<br />

kotejis irgvliv arsebuli nakveTi saguldagulod<br />

daamuSaves da ojaxisTvis saWiro raodenobis bostneuli<br />

moiwies. zogma ukve namyeni Cayara, zogma nayofi<br />

moiwia kidec – sxvadasxva jiSis da sxvadasxva saxis<br />

xili moaSenes. namyens gasul SemodgomiT ukve niSanic<br />

hqonda. vaSli, msxali, atami, qliavi, leRvi, bali... am<br />

miwaze yvela jiSis xili modis.<br />

Sexvedra xalxTan<br />

erT–erT ubanSi xalxis jgufi SevniSneT da Cvenc<br />

maTken gavemarTeT. mziani amindis gamosvliT gamowveul<br />

sixaruls mezoblebi erTmaneTs uziarebdnen da sagazafxulo<br />

saqmianobis Sesaxeb saubrobdnen.<br />

zogierTma diasaxlisma xaxvi da niori SemodgomiT<br />

dargo, zogi ki axla dargavs da imedovnebs, rom mart-<br />

Si dargulic karg Tavs gaikeTebs. ,,wilknel xeobelebs“<br />

miaCniaT, rom martidan ukve yvelafris dargvis<br />

da daTesvis droa.<br />

– sagazafxulo samuSaoebi daiwyo? – vekiTxebi<br />

misalmebis Semdeg.<br />

CvenTan, xeobaSi, TebervalSi Tovli icoda da baRs<br />

rogor daamuSavebdi?! aq ki sxvaa. SemodgomiT rom<br />

mosavali aviReT, baRi mivalag–movalageT, movfocxeT,<br />

simindis kaWaWisa da pamidvrisa da kartofilis<br />

Reroebisgan gavasufTaveT da davbareT. SemodgomiT<br />

dabaruls sul sxva fasi aqvs, miwa fuvdeba da ise<br />

fxvierdeba, rom nergi fesvs ukeTesad ikidebs da Sesabamisad,<br />

mosavlianicaa. erTi Tve, ianvari davisveneT,<br />

Torem baRSi muSaoba Tebervlidan daviwyeT“,––qemertidan<br />

devnili samocdaaTiode wlis vano oTinaSvili<br />

saintereso mosaubre aRmoCnda.<br />

_ Cveni brZeni winapari Tvlida –– kargi mosavali<br />

mkacri zamTris Sedegiao. Tqven ras ityviT?<br />

– Tbili zamTari qalaqelebs uxariaT, Torem soflelma<br />

kacma icis, rom es kargis momcemi araa. dekemberi–ianvari<br />

Tbili zamTari iyo, magram Tebervalsa<br />

da martSi arc yinva gvaklda da arc – Tovli. ase,<br />

rom wels cudi mosavali ar unda miviRoT.


devnilTa cxovreba<br />

Suaxnis qalma, valiam, romlis aremare marTlac<br />

edemis baRs hgavs, saukeTeso jiSis marwvis nergi ukve<br />

araerT ojaxs gaunawila.<br />

rogorc maTma mezoblebma gviTxres, vanom da valiam<br />

SemodgomiT am ubanSi yvelaze saukeTeso mosavali<br />

moiyvanes.<br />

,,–am farTze, rasac xedavT, imdeni pamidori moiyvanes,<br />

rac saxlSi gamoiyenes, xom kargi, rac ara–<br />

da – gayides. xeobaSi rom cxovrobdnen, iqac aseTi<br />

mSromelebi iyvnen,“ – amas isev mezoblebis mxridan<br />

vigebT.<br />

–arasamTavrobo organizaciebma Tu Seitanes raime<br />

wvlili arsebuli mdgomareobis gasaumjobeseblad?<br />

– vekiTxebi xalxs.<br />

,,–rogorc quxs, ise ar wvimso“, xom gagigoniaT?<br />

sxva raionebSi ase hgoniaT, TiTqos arasamTavroboebma<br />

dolarebi Tavze gvayares, magram ar daijeroT,“<br />

– meubneba axalgazrda qali, romelsac arc fotos<br />

gadaReba surs da arc – vinaobis dasaxeleba.<br />

kiTxvas isev xalxs vubruneb. rogorc luda<br />

gveubneba, wilkanSi erT–erTi arasamTavrobo organizacia<br />

Sevida, romelmac xalxs 50–procentiani dafinanseba<br />

SesTavaza.<br />

,,mezobel sofelSi erT–erT ojaxs Zroxis yidvaze<br />

movurigdiT. ,,be“ davutove. darwmunebuli gaxldiT,<br />

rom organizacia marTlac gadagvixdida. ramdenjerme<br />

davureke da Sevaxsene, pirobas nu gadaxvelT–meTqi.<br />

miTxres, uCvenod nu mixvalTo. patronma ki aseTi<br />

piroba wamogviyena – Tu daTqmul vadaze Tanxas mivitandi,<br />

saqonels matanda, Tu ara–da – ara. arasam-<br />

Tavrobos kidev ramdenjerme davukavSirdi, cud dReSi<br />

Cavvardi da momxedeT–meTqi, moiTmineo, ase mipasuxes!<br />

,,sanam petre movida, pavles tyavi gaaZreso“, xom<br />

gagigoniaT, xoda, mec imedi gadamewura, axla imasRa<br />

vfiqrob,gadaxdil Tanxas ra davamato, rom is mewveli<br />

furi wamoviyvano. ar wamoviyvan da im gadaxdil ,,be“s<br />

vinRa damibrunebs?~<br />

xalxis ukmayofileba im arasamTavroboebisadmi<br />

gamoixata, vinc maTTan sxvadasxva SepirebiT mivida,<br />

Tumca araferi gaukeTebiaT.<br />

– ezoebi vin SeRoba? – vekiTxebi xalxs.<br />

– madloba ezos SeRobvisTvis. mavTulbade da bo-<br />

Zebi ,,gaerom“ SegviZina da Cveni ZalebiT SevRobeT“.<br />

vano oTinaSvili ukmayofilebas gamoTqvams imis gamoc,<br />

rom is 200–200 lari, romelic yvela devnilisTvis<br />

iyo gaTvaliswinebuli, mas da mis meuRles ar<br />

Sexvda:<br />

– xan kokaias mivakiTxe ltolvilTa saministroSi,<br />

xan – vis da xan kidev – vis, magram araferi gamovida.<br />

visi imedi viqonioT? – gvekiTxeba imeddakarguli<br />

qemerteli devnili.<br />

,,–gamgeobam Toneebi ki Cayara, magram fiCxi saidan<br />

movitanoT?problemebi Tavzesayari gvaqvs, neta dainteresdeT<br />

da erTi kargi gvariani statia moamzadoT,“<br />

– aseTia aq CasaxlebulTa mier gakeTebuli komentarebi.<br />

xalxisTvis gulsatkenia isic, rom am dasaxlebaSi<br />

arc raime saganmanaTleblo centri funqcionirebs,<br />

arc – sportuli seqcia, arc – gadamzadebis kursebi,<br />

moswavleebi werovnis mesame sajaro (devnilebis)<br />

skolaSi swavloben. me–9 klasis moswavles, giorgi<br />

maisuraZes ,,Tibisi fondi werovanSi“ mier SemodgomiT<br />

ganxorcielebul fsiqo–socialur reabilita-<br />

XIII<br />

ciis treningebze daswrebis didi survili ki hqonda,<br />

magram siaruli ver moaxerxa. amis mTavari mizezi<br />

transportireba iyo. aCabeTidan devnili biWi werovnis<br />

skolaSi diliT im avtobusiT miemgzavreba, romliTac<br />

– sxva bavSvebi da saRamos isev im transportiT<br />

brundeba wilkanSi, riTic diliT imgzavra. treningebi<br />

ki gakveTilebis Semdeg tardeboda. treningze darCenis<br />

SemTxvevaSi mas werovidan wilknamde arsebuli<br />

gzis gavla fexiT mouwevda. aseTi mdgomareoba sxva<br />

bavSvebsac hqondaT. wilkanSi dasaxlebuli moswavleebi,<br />

faqtobrivad, werovanSi arsebul sportul<br />

wreebSi ver erTvebian.<br />

ra gakeTda?<br />

mniSvnelovani, rac wilkanSi bavSvebisTvis gakeTda,<br />

atraqcionia.<br />

am xnis manZilze 4–5 ojaxi erTi sveli wertiliT<br />

sargeblobda. wylis onkanebi dasaxlebaSi<br />

ezoSi ganTavsda. bulaCauris wyals rom gemovnebiT<br />

bevri wyali ver Seedreba, es, devnilebis garda soflis<br />

mosaxleobamac kargad icis. wyali momxmarebels<br />

grafikiT miewodeboda. am mxriv mdgomareoba gaumjobesda.<br />

gasuli wlis bolos gaeros organizaciam<br />

wyali TiTqmis yvela kotejSi Seiyvana.<br />

aq Casaxlebulebi madloblebi arian imiT, rom kotejis<br />

garSemo miwis farTi 90–100 kvadratul metrs<br />

Seadgens.anu es is farTia, sadac TiToeuli ojaxisTvis<br />

mTeli wlisTvis sakmarisi bostneulis moyvana<br />

SeiZleba. mosaxleoba madlobas gamoTqvams gaeros<br />

mimarT ezoebis SeRobvisTvis. axla am dasaxlebaSi<br />

xalxis gancxadebiT „fao“–s organizaciaa Sesuli.<br />

Sesabamisi anketis wardgenis Semdeg, proeqtis mowonebis<br />

SemTxvevaSi devnili 50 procentiT dafinansdeba,<br />

riTic raime saintereso mcire samewarmeo<br />

saqmianobis wamowyebis realuri Sansi miecemaT.<br />

yvelaze umTavresi<br />

aq macxovrebelTa gulistkivili imaSi gamoixateba,<br />

rom ar aqvT sabavSvo baRi. dRemde ver moxerxda<br />

werovnamde arsebuli dangreuli gzis da verc Sida<br />

gzebis moasfalteba.<br />

ufro metad xalxs gadauxuravi aivnebis sakiTxi<br />

awuxebs. amasTan SedarebiT ufro metad ki ––<br />

dasaqmebis problema. da kidev erTi mniSvnelovani,<br />

rasac isini cota xmadabla gvimJRavneben –– sofels<br />

abano esaWiroeba. am mxriv mosawesrigeblad es xalxi<br />

ZiriTadad dedaqalaqSi midis, axloblebTan. gansakuTrebiT<br />

wilknelebi samTavrobo da arasamTavrobo<br />

seqtors aRniSnuli sakiTxis mogvarebas sTxoven.<br />

nana kaxniaSvili<br />

13


sazogadoebrivi problema<br />

yvelam erTad movagvaroT<br />

sazogadoebam ukve kargad icis, rom werovanSi da<br />

wilkanSi Casaxlebuli devnilebis sasaflaosTvis adgili<br />

mcxeTis raionis, Zveli qandis teritoriaze gamoiyo,<br />

sadac ukve 30-mde micvalebuli daikrZala.<br />

gasuli wlis erT–erT nomerSi ,,xeobis macne“ werda,<br />

rom SeuRobav sasaflaoze adgilobrivi mosaxleobis<br />

pirutyvi Sedioda, ris Sedegad bedis ukuRmarTobiT<br />

isedac guldamZimebuli devnilebis sasaflaoze Zalze<br />

arasasurveli suraTi Seiqmna.<br />

arsebuli problemis mosagvareblad iZulebiT<br />

gadaadgilebulebma xan vis miakiTxes da xan _ vis.<br />

sabolood maTi Txovna gulTan axlos soflis rwmunebulma<br />

batonma firuz xoSagaevma miitana da misi<br />

ZalisxmeviT sasaflao SeiRoba. wels ki, Tavi axalma<br />

problemam iCina, – mTel am teritorias ekliani balaxi<br />

moedo. problemis mosagvareblad saWiroa erT dRes<br />

e. w. `SabaTobis mowyoba“. jerjerobiT oficialuri<br />

gancxadeba ar gaukeTebiaT, Tumca am sakiTxze ukve axalgoris<br />

gamgeobis kuluarebSic saubroben.<br />

samwuxarod, mwyobridan gamovida karebic da xSirad<br />

iq isev saqoneli dadis.<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebulebis TxovniT mimarTaven adgilobrivi<br />

municipalitetebis xelmZRvanelobas, yvelas,<br />

visac am sakiTxis mosagvareblad raime wvlilis Setanis<br />

SesaZlebloba aqvs, daTqmul dRes moxdes zemoT aRniSnuli<br />

dasaxlebidan xalxis sasaflaomde transportireba<br />

da adamianTa mudmivsamyofelis eklisgan gasufTaveba.<br />

nana kaxniaSvili<br />

gamwvanebis aqcia werovanSi<br />

am dReebSi werovanSi sxvadasxva jiSis xe dairgo.<br />

rogorc axalgoris municipalitetis ,,dasufTavebisa da<br />

keTilmowyobis samsaxuri“–s ufrosi genadi jarmeliSvili<br />

aRniSnavs, maT samsaxurs devnilTa dasaxlebisTvis<br />

1000 Ziri akacia, 1000 ifani da 500 fiWvi axalgoris<br />

maJoritarma deputatma devi ovaSvilma gadasca.<br />

naleqiani amindebis gamo aqcia ramdenime dRes<br />

gagrZelda.<br />

qurTis municipalitetis TanamSromeli vaxtang<br />

miqelaZe aRniSnavs, rom am aqciaSi mniSvnelovani wvlili<br />

liaxvis xeobidan devnilebmac Seitanes.<br />

xeebi sxvadasxva ubanSi dairgo.<br />

gamwvanebis process aq macxovrebeli xalxi exmaureba.<br />

isini moxarulebi arian, radgan miaCniaT, rom am<br />

etapze werovanSi xeebis dargva marTlac mniSvnelovani<br />

da yvelasTvis sasikeTo saqmea.<br />

sxvadasxva azris miuxedavad, gadawyda, rom male<br />

werovanSi ruebis gasufTavebis procesi daiwyeba. amis<br />

Sesaxeb ufro konkretulad Cvens mkiTxvels momaval<br />

nomerSi vauwyebT.<br />

nana kaxniaSvili<br />

14 XIV<br />

mogvarebuli sakiTxi<br />

SaumianSi sasmeli wylis<br />

problema mogvarebulia<br />

qurTis municipalitets werilobiTi TxovniT,<br />

mimarTa Saumianis devnilTa CasaxlebaSi mcxovrebma<br />

mosaxleobam, sadac Casaxlebulia 2008 wlis ruse-<br />

Tis agresiis Sedegad devnili 210 ojaxi. werilSi<br />

isini aRniSnaven, rom Saumianis devnilTa CasaxlebaSi,<br />

devnil mosaxleobas ar miewodeboda sasmeli wyali,<br />

radganac mwyobridan iyo gamosuli WaburRilidan wylis<br />

amomqaCi CayvinTuli tumbos Zravi.<br />

devnil municipalitetebs, ,,adgilobrivi TviTm-<br />

marTvelobis Sesaxeb“ saqarTvelos organul kanonSi<br />

cvlilebis Setanis gziT ufleba miecaT sxva TviTmmarTveli<br />

erTeulis teritoriaze, sadac kompaqturad<br />

arian gansaxlebuli iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli pirebi,<br />

ganaxorcielon devnili mosaxleobis socialuri da<br />

sayofacxovrebo pirobebis gaumjobesebis mizniT sxvadasxva<br />

RonisZiebebi.<br />

qurTis municipalitetma 2011 wlis biujetis<br />

Sesabamisi xarjidan gamoyo 1160 (aTas as samoci)<br />

lari, riTac moxda zemoT aRniSnuli wylis amomqaCi<br />

CayvinTuli tumbos Zravis SeZena da damontaJeba. am<br />

RonisZiebis gatarebis Sedegad Saumianis devnilTa<br />

CasaxlebaSi SesaZlebeli gaxda devnili mosaxleobisaTvis<br />

sasmeli wylis ocdaoTxsaaTiani grafikiT<br />

miwodeba.<br />

Saumianis mosaxleoba madlierebas gamoxatavs qur-<br />

Tis municipalitetisadmi.<br />

qurTis municipaliteti devnilTa sxva kompaqtur<br />

CasaxlebebSic apirebs msgavsi RonisZiebebis gatarebas,<br />

raTa gaumjobesdes devnili mosaxleobis socialuri<br />

da sayofacxovrebo pirobebi.


sporti<br />

lelos gaitanen<br />

cxinvalis regionidan devnili sportskolis moswavleebi<br />

kvlav warmatebulTa sias amSveneben. rogorc<br />

Cvenma mkiTxvelma icis, qurTisa da eredvis<br />

krivisa da Widaobis, aseve safexburTo skolis aRsazrdelebma<br />

araerTi gamarjveba izeimes.<br />

kvlav warmatebuli aRmoCnda axalcixeSi gamar-<br />

Tuli Sejibri. Ria pirveloba krivSi 1–3 aprils<br />

gaimarTa, sadac Cvens sportsmenebs kompetenturma Jiurim<br />

kargad momzadebuli mokriveebi ewoda.<br />

rogorc eredvis krivisa da Widaobis skolis direqtori<br />

roin cotniaSvili aRniSnavs, skolis xelmZ-<br />

Rvaneloba devnili moswavleebis normaluri varji-<br />

Sis pirobebis Sesaqmnelad Zalian bevrs cdilobs.<br />

TbilisSi, kodaSi, SavSvebSi, werovansa da gorSi muSaoben<br />

mwvrTnelebi, romlebic bavSvebs mTli mondomebiT<br />

amecadineben da samagierod, ufrosebis mcdelobas<br />

biWebic saTanadod afaseben – qomagebis gulis<br />

gasaxarad isini warmatebas warmatebaze Rebuloben:<br />

,,axalcixis Ria pirvelobaze marTlac sainteresod<br />

iasparezes moswavleebma, rac maTi mwvrTnelebis, merab<br />

maisuraZis da ivane qristesiaSvilis didi damsaxurebaa.<br />

gundur SejibrSi am orive skolis mokriveebma<br />

me–2 adgili aiRes,“ – gvesaubreba roin cotniaSvili.<br />

sportskolis xelmZRvanelobas imedi aqvs, rom<br />

devnili bavSvebi kvlav warmatebiT iasparezeben sportul<br />

sarbielze da lelos maTTvis sakadrisi SedegebiT<br />

gaitanen. aqve im bavSvTa vinaobas gTavazobT,<br />

romlebmac axalcixeSi gamarTul pirvelobaze monawileoba<br />

miiRes:<br />

1. maisuraZe giorgi – 1 adgili – 38 kg.<br />

2. TaboSvili joto – 1 adgili – 52 kg.<br />

3. vaxtangaSvili Tengo – 1adgili – 42 kg.<br />

4. teraSvili giorgi – 2 adgili – 40 kg.<br />

5. arboliSvili Tornike – 2adgili 36 kg.<br />

mwvrTneli – merab maisuraZe – gori<br />

gunduri – 2 adgili<br />

1. nika borcvaZe – 1 adgili – 75 kg.<br />

2. valiko memarniSvili – 1 adgili – 60 kg.<br />

3. mamuka borcvaZe 2 adgili – 54 kg.<br />

4. levan midodaSvili – 2 adgili – 42 kg.<br />

mwvrTneli – ivane qristesiaSvili – werovani<br />

gunduri 2 adgili<br />

werili dasabeWdad mzad iyo, rodesac sportskolis<br />

direqtori dagvikavSirda da gvamcno, rom saqarTvelos<br />

pirvelobaze aprilSi gamarTul SejibrSi<br />

araerTgzis gamarjvebulma,eredvidan devnilma andro<br />

beruaSvilma gaimarjva (70 kg. woniTi kategoria).<br />

vulocavT andros am gamarjvebas!<br />

XV<br />

male saTaveSi moeqcevian<br />

am sityvebiT iwyebs saubars safexburTo skolis<br />

direqtori ,,xeobis macnesTan“. vaxtang yazaxaSvils<br />

eamayeba, rom devnili fexburTelebi am etapze saqarTvelos<br />

masStabiT erT–erTi saukeTesoebi arian. misi<br />

gancxadebiT, safexburTo gundi, `liaxvi“ amJamad ori<br />

gundisgan Sedgeba,–1993 da 1995 wels dabadebuli<br />

vaJebi warmatebisadmi interess mTeli mondomebiT<br />

avlenen. ,,amis Sesaxeb maTive Sedegebi metyvelebs.<br />

ufrosi gundic da umcrosic gulmodgined cdilobs<br />

gamarjvebas, winsvlas da warmatebas, risTvisac minda<br />

TiToeuli maTganisadmi uaRresad didi madloba<br />

gamovxato.aqve davamateb imas, rom am etapze Tavisi<br />

SedegebiT saqarTvelos masStabiT gansakuTrebuli<br />

mainc 1995 wlianTa gundia. igi 14 gundian gaTamaSebaSi<br />

ukve me–2 adgilzea,“–gvesaubreba igi.<br />

mimdinare wlis aprilis Sedegebi aseTia:<br />

1993 wels dabadebul vaJTa gundma ,,liaxvma“<br />

(mwvrTneli gigla imnaZe) stumrad iTamaSa<br />

,,goliadorTan“,romelic daamarcxa angariSiT 2:0.<br />

rogorc fexburTis moyvarulebi mesaubrebian, sakmaod<br />

saintereso da daZabuli Sexvedra Sedga ,,liaxvsa“<br />

da Tbilisis ,,dinamos“ Soris. aRsaniSnavia,<br />

rom saturniro gaTamaSebaSi ,,dinamo“ me–2 adgilzea<br />

da am Sexvedris gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi Tanatol<br />

gundTa Soris lider gundad CaiTvleboda, Tumca man<br />

ver daZlia winaaRmdegoba da es TamaSi fred 1:1<br />

dasrulda.<br />

1995 wels dabadebul vaJTa gundma ,,liaxvi“<br />

(mwvrTnelebi ivane babuciZe da zurab qristesiaSvili)<br />

aseve warmatebiT daasrula Tbilisis safexburTo<br />

skolasTan Sexvedra. safexburTo skola ,,pirveli“<br />

stumrad myofma devnilebma daamarcxes angariSiT 1:2,<br />

xolo Semdgomi Sexvedra gaTamaSebis erTpirovnul<br />

liderTan Tbilisis ,,SevardenTan~ Sedga, unda aRiniSnos,<br />

rom ,,Sevardeni~ gasul wels elit–ligis Cempioni<br />

gaxldaT da TamaSs am sezonzec didi warmatebiT<br />

agrZelebs. mas 18 TamaSidan 17 gamarjveba hqonda,<br />

Tumca es Sexvedra misTvis sabediswero aRmoCnda. mas<br />

xeobidan devnilTa gundma mougo angariSiT 1:0. Zlier<br />

gundTan gamarjvebiT ,,liaxvma“ gulSematkivarTa<br />

mxridan kidev ufro meti simpaTia daimsaxura.<br />

21 aprils, 35–e safexburTo skola ,,orsa“ da<br />

1995 wels dabadebul vaJTa gund ,,liaxvs’“Soris<br />

Sexvedras mTavrobis warmomadgenlebic daeswrnen.<br />

stumrad myofma ,,liaxvma“ kvlav gamarjveba izeima<br />

angariSiT 2:0.<br />

,,madloba maJoritar deputat badri basiSvils,<br />

mTavrobis wevrs, kaxa goCaSvils da qurTis municipalitetis<br />

sakrebulos Tavmjdomares, goderZi nebieriZes<br />

imisaTvis, rom dainteresdnen da movidnen,“–<br />

aRniSnavs vaxtang yazaxaSvili.<br />

am etapze 1995–wliani ,,liaxvelebi“ 14 gundian<br />

gaTamaSebaSi meore adgilze arian da biWebi imedovneben,<br />

rom saturniro gaTamaSebaSi sul male saTaveSi<br />

moeqcevian, amis imeds maT sakuTari Sedegebi aZlevT<br />

– mimdinare sezonze devnil vaJTa gunds xom dRemde<br />

ar waugia!<br />

nana kaxniaSvili<br />

15


90-iani wlebis dasawyisSi samaCabloSi ganviTarebuli<br />

sayovelTaod cnobili movlenebis Semdgom<br />

am regionidan devnili qarTuli mosaxleobis didi<br />

nawili gorSi dasaxlda. mSobliuri kar-midamodan<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebulma mosaxleobam maSinve scada<br />

devnilobaSi ramdenime iseTi organizaciis aRdgena,<br />

romelic manamde cxinvalSi funqcionirebda<br />

da am adamianebisaTvis sulier, Tu inteleqtualur<br />

sazrdos warmoadgenda. ase gaCnda 1993 wels gorSi<br />

safexburTo klub `cxinvalis~ Camoyalibebis idea.<br />

am saqmis mTavari sulisCamdgmeli, devnilobamde cxinvalis<br />

stadionis direqtori faco nasuaSvili gaxldaT.<br />

misma ideam qveynis xelisuflebaSic maSinve<br />

hpova mxardaWera, magram es mxolod cxinvalis `cxinvalis~<br />

dafuZnebis procesSi gaweul mxardaWeraSi<br />

gamoixata. sxva mxriv baton facos da gundis Seqmnis<br />

sxva inciciatorebs faqtobrivad carieli xelebiT<br />

uwevdaT saqmis gaZRola. udaod gmirobis tolfasia,<br />

rom nasuaSvili `qarTlis~ stadionze bazirebuli<br />

`cxinvals~ wlebis ganmavlobaSi TiTqmis uangarod<br />

Tavkacobda. amasTan, metad mcire odenobis jamagiriT<br />

SeZlo man fexburTlebisa da mwvrTnelebis Senar-<br />

Cunebac 1999 wlamde. am wels qveynis centraluri<br />

biujetidan dafinansebuli maTi klubis biujeti ukve<br />

80 aTasi lari gaxda, magram Cveulebisamebr arc aseTi<br />

Tanxaa fexburTis gundis normaluri funqcionirebisaTvis<br />

sakmarisi, Tumca batonma facom klubi araTu<br />

SeinarCuna, aramed misi meoredan umaRles ligamde<br />

aRzevebac SeZlo!<br />

`cxinvalis~ Camoyalibebidanve igi gunds umeteswil<br />

iseTi moTamaSeebiT akompleqtebda, romlebic yofili<br />

samxreT oseTis safexburTo klubebs, an safexbur-<br />

To skolebs warmoadgendnen. garda qarTvelebisa<br />

`cxinvalSi~ asparezobdnen Sida qarTlis regionSi<br />

mcxovrebi osi erovnebis sportsmenebi da wlebis ganmavlobaSi<br />

TamaSobda osi erovnebis ramdenime iseTi<br />

fexburTelebic ki, romlebic imavdroulad cxinvalSi<br />

cxovrobdnen.<br />

erTxans gundis kapitani cxinvalis mkvidri, eTnikuri<br />

osi, slava margievi gaxldaT, romelic 1990<br />

wels saqarTvelos erovnuli safexburTo Cempionatis<br />

gariJraJs cxinvalis `liaxvSi~ Sexvda, mere<br />

iqidan erTxans ukve qarTvelebis gareSe darCenili<br />

safexburTo klubSic gairja da swored nasuaSvilis<br />

mecadineobiT bolos isev saqarTvelos Cempionats<br />

daubrunda amjerad klub `cxinvalis~ rigebSi.<br />

maSin erT-erTi qarTuli gazeTisaTvis micemul interviuSi<br />

margievs isic ar daumalavs, rom mSobliur<br />

qalaqSi garkveuli problemebic Seeqmna Tavisi safexburTo<br />

karieris qarTul klubSi gagrZelebis gamo.<br />

`ramdenime Tanaqalaqelma araerTxel misayvedura Cemi<br />

saqarTvelos CempionatSi asparezobis gamo. lamis<br />

moRalatedac CamTvales, magram me Cems qmedebaSi ver<br />

vxedav problemas. Cven yvelaferi unda gavakeToT Cveni<br />

erebis xelaxali daaxloebisaTvis da mgonia, rom<br />

Cemi saqarTvelos CempionatSi asparezobac am gzaze<br />

16<br />

XVI<br />

sporti<br />

samaCablos da fexburTis<br />

siyvaruliT<br />

gadadgmuli erTi nabijia~ _ ambobda igi. saintersoa,<br />

rom margievs vidre asaki da fizikuri kondiciebi<br />

uwyobda xels cxinvalis `cxinvali~ ar dautovebia.<br />

klubis xelmZRvanelis mier arCeuli saklubo<br />

politikis gamo aq Tavi moiyares da erTmaneTis<br />

gverdiT burTs agorebdnen rogorc qarTveli, ise<br />

osi erovnebis moTamaSeebi. Sesabamisad `cxinvalis~<br />

arsebobis upirveles principadac mudam aRniSnuli<br />

sakiTxi iTvleboda.<br />

qarTvelebisa da osebis erT safexburTo gundSi<br />

warmatebiT gaerTianebis mTavari Semoqmedi ki pirvel<br />

yovlisa faco nasuaSvili iyo. igi mogvianebiT ukve<br />

dimitri sanakoevis mondomebiT Camoyalibebul safexburTo<br />

klub `spartakisTvisac~ zrunavda. swored<br />

`qarTlis~ stadionze marTavda da marTavs `spartaki~<br />

saSinao Sexvedrebs Cveni qveynis CempionatSi.<br />

am arenis saxarbielod movlil-davarcxnil balaxis<br />

safarze xSirad saqebari sityvebi ar dauSurebiaT<br />

morigi kalendaruli matCisas stumrad Camosuli<br />

wamyvani qarTuli klubebis mesveurT. calsaxad nasuaSvilis<br />

damsaxurebad unda miviCnioT bolo xans<br />

cxinvalis `spartakis~ TamaSebze qomagTa raodenobis<br />

zrda.<br />

2008 wlis agvistos saomari moqmedebebis Semdeg<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul devnilTa garkveuli<br />

nawili `qarTlis~ arenis siaxloves daasaxles. batonma<br />

facom farTod gauRo stadionis kari fexburTis<br />

TamaSis mosurne patarebs da maleve isini,<br />

Seqmna-ra bavSvTa safexburTo klubi `samaCablo~ _<br />

erT gundSi gaaerTiana. `mSobliuri garemodan mowyveta<br />

mec gamovcade da cxadia Zalian mtkivneuli<br />

iyo. me vicodi raoden Znelia ufrosi asakis adamianisTvisac<br />

ki uceb kar midamos dakargva da marTalia<br />

isev sakuTar saxelmwifoSi, magram garkveulwilad<br />

ucxo garemoSi dasaxleba. rodesac agvistos omis<br />

mere Cvens stadionTan naRvlian Tvalebiani liaxvis<br />

xeobeli patarebi vnaxe, maSinve gadavwyvite, rom `qar-<br />

Tlis~ bazaze bavSvTa safexburTo skola Semeqmna da<br />

patara devnilebisTvis fexburTis siyvaruli gameRvi-<br />

Zebina. Tanac sportiT dakavebuli bavSvis swor gzas<br />

acdenis Sansic xom bevrad mcirea~ _ gviTxra bavSvTa<br />

`samaCablos~ gaxsnaze batonma facom.<br />

samwuxarod am amagdari kacis guli ramdenime dRis<br />

win gaCerda. batoni faco 63 wlis asakSi gardaicvala<br />

da gadauWarbeblad SegviZlia vTqvaT, rom iqve<br />

dasrulda devnilTa fexburTis erTi mniSvnelovani<br />

etapic, romelic misi sirTulidan gamomdinare SesaZloa<br />

grandiozuli warmatebebiT daxunZluli ar<br />

yofila, magram mSobliuri kuTxisa da fexburTis siyvaruliT<br />

aRsavse da nayofieri namdvilad iyo!<br />

specialurad<br />

JurnalisaTvis<br />

`liaxvis xeoba~<br />

vasil balaxaZe


ganaTleba<br />

goris universitetis aqtiuri cxovreba da<br />

SvilebTan saubars monatrebuli reqtori<br />

Ggiorgi sosiaSvili:<br />

disciplina,<br />

patiosneba da<br />

profesionalizmi<br />

,,liaxvis xeoba” goris universitets estumra,<br />

romelsac saTaveSi sul axlaxans giorgi sosiaSvili<br />

Caudga. ambobs, rom samaCablo wlebis ganmavlobaSi<br />

misi sakvlevi Tema iyo. interviu odnav mogvianebiT,<br />

manamde ki misi mokle biografiuli Strixebi::<br />

daibada goris raionis sofel dicSi. daamTavra dicis<br />

saSualo skola, ris Semdegac cxinvalis saxelmwifo<br />

pedagogiur institurSi Cairicxa, romelic daam-<br />

Tavra 1999 wels. amis Semdeg Caabara i.javaxiSvilis<br />

saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis aspiranturaSi,<br />

saqarTvelos istoriis specialobaze. iqve<br />

daicva disertacia 2005 wels, Temaze ,,samaCablos istoria~,<br />

sxvadasxva dros muSaobda sxvadasxva samsaxurebSi,<br />

maT Soris 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi oyo ,,goris<br />

moambis~ Jurnalisti. mogvianebiT arCeul iqna JurnalistTa<br />

federaciis wevrad. muSaobda aseve dicis<br />

saSualo skolaSi istoriis maswavleblad. goris<br />

universitetis mravaldargovan kolejSi istoriis<br />

leqtorad. cxinvalis pedagogiur institutSi laborantad,<br />

ufros maswavleblad, goris unoversitetSi<br />

arCevis wesiT dainiSna asocirebul profesorad. 2<br />

saswavleblis gaerTianebis Semdeg ki goris saswavlo<br />

universitetis profesorad muSaobda. 2010 wlamde_<br />

goris saganmanaTleblo resurscentrs xelmZRvanelobda,<br />

2011 wlis 17 Tebervlidan ki oficialurad<br />

dainiSna goris universitets reqtorad. yavs meuRle<br />

marika mZinariSvili, romelic muSaobs dicis sajaro<br />

skolaSi da 2 Svili: 15 wlisNnodari da 11 wlis<br />

naTia, romlebic amave skolis moswavleebi arian.<br />

B_ batono giorgi, oficialurad daniSvnamde ramdenime<br />

Tvis ganmavlobaSi asrulebdiT reqtoris<br />

movaleobas, ra situacia dagxvdaT da ra siaxleebi<br />

SeitaneT universitetis cxovrebaSi?<br />

_ minda giTxraT, rom TviTon saswavlebeli Zalian<br />

did tradiciebs eyrdnoba, mogexsenebaT rom<br />

am SenobaSi jer arsebobda nikoloz baraTaSvilis<br />

pedagogiuri instituti, Semdeg Camoyalibda ekonmikuri<br />

saswavlebeli, bolos ukve goris universiteti<br />

daarsda. raT qma unda yvela adamiani, rodesac axal<br />

samsaxurSi iwyebs moRvaweobas uCndeba axali xedva,<br />

axali ideebi da mec raTqma unda axali gegmebiT<br />

XVII<br />

movedi, minda rom goris universiteti ara mxolod<br />

regionSi aramed mTeli qveynis masStabiT gaxdes<br />

erT-erTi mowinave umaRlesi saswavlebeli, romelic<br />

Tamamad daakmayofilebs Tanamedrove standartebs da<br />

gaxdeba yvela kursdamTavrebulisTvis sasurveli<br />

saswavlebeli. rodesac abiturienti avsebs ganacxads<br />

da irCevs goris universitets Cven ufleba ar gvaqvs<br />

mas ar davaxvedroT studentisTvis jansaR urTier-<br />

Tobebze orientirebuli garemo. amitom Cven daviwyeT<br />

sxvadasxva mimarTulebiT siaxleebis Semotana, es Seexeba<br />

rogorc Sefasebis sistemis daxvewas, ise akademiuri<br />

programebis modernizacias, aseve profesormaswavleblebis<br />

waxalisebis sistemas, maSin rodesac<br />

profesori umaRles saswavlebelSi umaRlesi saxea,<br />

rTulia, rom mas gaaCndes jamagiris problema.<br />

_ iyo es problema?<br />

_ zogadad aseTi midgoma arsebobda, ar iyo meti<br />

resursi saswavlebelSi, me amas veravis ver davabraleb<br />

bunebrivia, magram Cven SevZeliT, garkveuli<br />

Tanxebis dazogvis xarjze, warmomadgenlobiTi sab-<br />

Wos msjelobis Sedegad, momdariyo profesorebis<br />

xelfasebis mateba. rac daricxuli saxiT 800 lars<br />

Seadgenda. ramdenime TveSi ki es Tanxa 1000-laramde<br />

gaizarda. ra Tqma unda esec ar ris sakmarisi magram<br />

SevecdebiT etapobrivad gavaumjobesoT maTi materialuri<br />

mdgomareoba. rodesac profesori Sedis studentebTan<br />

mas unda hqondes garantia, rom misi ojaxi<br />

mSieri ar iqneba, sxvanairad maRalxarisxian leqcias<br />

is ver Caatarebs. garda amisa, Cven davnergeT waxalisebis<br />

sxvadasxva sistema, kerZod, akademiur sabWos<br />

sxdomaze gatanil da damtkicebul iqna sakiTxi, romlis<br />

mixedviTac profesori, romelic aqtiuradaa Car-<br />

Tuli sxvadasxva profesiul gamocemebSi, mas miecema<br />

garkveuli fuladi premiebi.<br />

_ rac Seexeba SemoqmedebiT wreebs, ramdenad mravalferovania<br />

am mxriv dRes goris universiteti?<br />

_Bbevri studenti, rodesac Cvens universitetSi<br />

Semodis marto mecnierebaze orientirebuli ar aris.<br />

mas surs sakuTari potencialis realizeba moaxdinos,<br />

swored am mizniT Cven CamovayalibeT qoreografiuli<br />

studia, romelmac ukve gvasaxela da TurqeTis<br />

qalaq nazilSi gamarTul festivalze pirveli ad-<br />

17


gili aiRo. garda amisa arsebobs, literaturuli wre,<br />

inteleqtualTa klubi, Teatraluri dasi. saerTo<br />

jamSi TiToeul students saSualeba aqvs leqciebis<br />

dasrulebis Semdeg CaerTos sxvadasxva sportul Tu<br />

kulturul aqtivobebSi ra Tqma unda sruliad ufasod.<br />

amas garda goris universitetSi aqtiurad keTdeba<br />

aqcenti samecniero konferenciebis mowyobaze.<br />

rac wels ukve mesamed maisSi igegmeba.<br />

goris universitetSi swavloben aseve devnili<br />

studentebic ra SeRavaTebiT sargebloben isini?<br />

_ amasTan dakavSirebiT mogaxsenebT, rom TviTmmarTvelobas<br />

aqvs Camoyalibebuli garkveuli pozicia.<br />

Cveni rekomendaciiT SemuSavda konkretuli kreiteriumebi,<br />

romlis mixedviTac xdeba ara mxolod<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebulTa, aramed socialurad<br />

daucveli studentebisTvis swavlis gadasaxadze Se-<br />

RavaTis daweseba. maTi ganacxadebis ganxilva dafinansebis<br />

Sesaxeb da Sesabamisi gadawyvetilebis miReba<br />

ukve TviTmarTvelobis prerogativaa.Mmiuxedavad<br />

Cveni mwiri biujetisa aucileblad SevecdebiT, rom<br />

CamovayaliboT specialuri programa, rac aRniSnul<br />

kategorias swavlis pirobebs gauumjobesebs.<br />

_ rac Seexeba Tqvens samuSao reJims, ramdenad datvirTulia<br />

goris universitetis reqtoris erTi Cveulebrivi<br />

dRe.<br />

_ yoveldRiurad drois ukmarisobis gancda meufleba,<br />

saerTod Tavisufali drois SegrZneba ar<br />

maqvs,Cemi Tavisufali droa, roca vwer, roca meZleva<br />

saSualeba prozaSi vimuSao da raRac axali Sevqmna.<br />

es CemTvis gantvirTvis wuTebia. samsaxurSi yoveldRe<br />

soflidan davdivar, mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi<br />

uamravi saqme, Sexvedrebi da a.S. roca sazogadoeba<br />

ndobas gicxadebs konkretul ,,ubanze~, ufleba ar<br />

gaqvs Tavisufali droiT ganebivrde.<br />

_ aseTi datvirTuli reJimis fonze rogor SeafasebdiT<br />

sakuTar Tavs, rogori mamaa giorgi sosia-<br />

Svili?<br />

Yyvela mamas Tavi warmoudgenia, rom aris Zalian<br />

kargi mSobeli, mosiyvarule, Tumca aqve imasac getyviT,<br />

rom Cemi Svilebi monatrebulni arian CemiT da<br />

me maTTan ,,mamobrivi~ saubriT, rodesac saxlSi<br />

vbrundebi ukve Zalian gviania da faqtiurad amis<br />

dro namdvilad aRar mrCeba. vcdilob maTi aRzrdis<br />

saqmeSi wvlili SabaT-kviras mainc Sevitano.<br />

_ ramdenad mkacri xelmZRvaneli hyavT goris universitetis<br />

TanamSromlebs?<br />

_ saerTod Cemi moRvaweobis formulireba movaxdine<br />

aseTi saxiT: disciplina, patiosneba da profesionalizmi.<br />

es is Tvisebebia, romelTa gareSec adamianis<br />

cxovreba ver warmomidgenia. me TviTon var<br />

sakuTari Tavis mimarT metad momTxovni. sakuTari<br />

moRvaweobisTvis rom gadamixedia, dagegmili cxovrebiT<br />

movdivar dRemde. vici ra unda gavakeTo. roca<br />

adamiani amas xvdeba warmatebis miRweva ukve aRaraa<br />

rTuli. ,,bedniereba misi xvedria vinc bevrs Sromobso~.<br />

Sroma aucilebelia ojaxSic da samsaxurSic me<br />

viTxov TanamSromlebisgan rom maqsimalurad gaarTvan<br />

Tavi sakuTar movaleobas.Kkolegialoba kidev calke<br />

Temaa me am sakiTxSi mzad var yvelasTan. magram rogorc<br />

ukve giTxariT Cemi moTxovnac da pasuxismgeblobac<br />

yovelTvis zemoT aRniSnul 3 aspeqtzea orientirebuli.<br />

esaubraNnino CibCiuri<br />

18 XVIII<br />

ganaTleba<br />

xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma<br />

studentebs ,,studenturi dReebi -<br />

2011~-is gaxsna miuloces<br />

gorSi dRes adgilobrivi xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma<br />

goris saswavlo universitetis studentebs<br />

,,studenturi dReebi - 2011“-is gaxsna miuloces. studenturi<br />

dReebis gaxsnasTan dakavSirebiT univesitetis<br />

pirvel korpusSi RonisZieba gaimarTa, romelsac<br />

samTavisisa da goris mitropoliti andria (gvazava),<br />

adgilobrivi xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi, sazogado<br />

moRvaweebi, profesor - maswavleblebi da studentebi<br />

eswrebodnen. meufe andriam daloca studentebi.<br />

maT RvTis wyaloba da samomavlod warmatebebi usurva.<br />

RonisZiebis dros Sida qarTlis gubernatorma<br />

zurab arsoSvilma prezidendis stipendianti studentebi<br />

sigelebiT daajildova. ,,studenturi dReebi<br />

- 2011“-is farglebSi sxvadasxva saxis sportuli,<br />

gasarTobi da kulturul-SemoqmedebiTi RonisZiebebi<br />

moewyoba. RonisZiebebis mizania axalgazrdebis erTmaneTTan<br />

daaxloeba, jansaRi cxovrebis wesis popularizacia<br />

da studentebis waxaliseba.,,studenturi<br />

dReebi - 2011“ pirvel ivniss dasruldeba.<br />

amerikis elCi gorSi imyofeboda<br />

jon basi aSS saelCos dafinansebiT axalgazrda<br />

iuristTa asociaciis mier ganxorcielebuli proeqtis<br />

farglebSi gamarTuli konkursis Sedegebs<br />

gaecno da gamarjveulTa dajildoebis ceremonials<br />

daeswro. proeqtis farglebSi Catarda 2 konkursi<br />

sadac kandidatebs naxatebi da piesebi unda waredginaT<br />

ojaxuri Zaladobis Temaze.<br />

,,moxaruli var rom kvlav Sida qarTlis regionSi<br />

vimyofebi es proeqti ZiriTadad adgilnacval pir-<br />

Ta CasaxlebebSi ganxorcielda. cnobilia, rom da am<br />

regionSi omis Semdeg ojaxuri Zaladobis faqtebi<br />

sakmaod gaxSirda. aseTi proeqtebis ganxorcielebiT<br />

vcdilobT Cveni wvlili SevitanoT mosaxleobis gacnobierebasa<br />

da masze sazogadoebis mier yuradRebis<br />

mipyrobaSi, ”_ ganacxada jon basma.<br />

,,_treningebi devnilTa 21-ve Casaxlebasa da saz-<br />

Rvrispira soflebSi CavatareT, movawyeT mrgvali<br />

magidebi. Cveni mizani iyo devnilTa integracia da<br />

ojaxSi Zaladobisa Tu trefikingis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT<br />

mosaxleobis informaciuli uzrunvelyofa.<br />

_aRniSna iuristma qeTi bebiaSvilma.<br />

organizatorTa ganmartebiT,Ddagegmilia gamarjvebuli<br />

scenaris mixedviT ,,ojaxuri Zaladobis~<br />

faqtis dadgma da Cveneba, ris Sedegadac masze msjeloba<br />

gaimarTeba.


sxva da sxva<br />

nikoloz oTinaSvili cxinvalis gamocemebs<br />

specialur werils umzadebs<br />

cxinvalidan devnili, enaTmecnieri nikoloz<br />

oTinaSvili defaqto respublikis kontrolze<br />

daqvemdebarebul gamocemebs specialur werils umzadebs.<br />

misi informaciiT, cxinvalSi ibeWdeba wignebi<br />

da gazeTebi sadac istoriuli detalebi damaxinjebuladaa<br />

asaxuli. n. oTinaSvilis SefasebiT aseTi saxiT<br />

kokoiTis qveSevrdomebi cdiloben momaval Taobas istoriuli<br />

faqtebis Sesaxeb gayalbebuli informacia<br />

miawodon da damaxinjebuli ideologiiT aRzardon.<br />

amis magaliTad qarTvel enaTqmecniers konkretuli<br />

magliTebi mohyavs:<br />

,,osuri mxare<br />

axal Taobas<br />

gayalbebul<br />

istorias<br />

awvdis~<br />

,,_ yofil reqtorsa da istorikoss iulia gagloevs,<br />

cxinvalSi gamoucia wigni da analogiuri<br />

Sinaarsis werilebi ibeWdeba rusulenovan gazeT ,,respublikaSic~<br />

sadac damaxinjebul informaciebTan er-<br />

Tad ganmartebulia isic, rom qarTvelebma istoriuli<br />

faqtebi ise asaxes, rogorc es Tavad awyobdaT~_aseTi<br />

saxis werilebis gavrceleba cxinvalSi sistematiurad<br />

xdeba, amitom gadavwyvite maT avtorebs saTanado<br />

pasuxi gavce, realoba maTTvis ucnobia, an yvelaferi<br />

kargad ician da amis aRiareba ar surT. maT calkeuli<br />

ambiciebi gaaCniaT, yalbi istoriebi iwereba. qarTul<br />

enas mTel msoflioSi swavloben, mis gareSe<br />

arcerTi civilizacia ar aixsneba, es magaT ar undaT<br />

rom gaigon, zogierT oss, Tavis damcirebad miaCnia<br />

qarTuli enis qeba, ara da vaxuSti bagrationi osebs<br />

ganixilavda mxolod saqarTvelosTan kavSirSi.<br />

vfiqrob Tu aseTi azrovnebis SenarCuneba gaagrZeles,<br />

osebs aq ki ara mTel kavkasiaSi SeeqmnebaT problemebi.<br />

mimaCnia, rom ufro aqtiurad unda amoZravdes<br />

saxalxo diplomatia, simarTle unda vuTxraT erTmaneTs~_aRniSnavs<br />

nikoloz oTinaSvili.<br />

specialurad osuri mxarisTvis Sedgenil gamoxmaurebas,<br />

romelzec nikoloz oTinaSvili muSaobs<br />

,,liaxvis xeobis~ momdevno nomerSic daibeWdeba.<br />

Nnino CibCiuri<br />

XIX<br />

axagazrdebis roli konfliqtebis<br />

daregulirebasa da urTierTobebis<br />

damyarebaSi<br />

qarTvel da os axalgazrdebs urTierT daaxloebisa<br />

da kavSirebis damyarebisken politologma gia<br />

JorJolianma specialurad Jurnal ,,liaxvis xeobidan~<br />

mouwoda. misi azriT axalgazrdebi dRes ukve<br />

mzad arian, rom ara politikaze, aramed sxvadasxva<br />

cxovrebiseul sakiTxebze saerTo ena gamonaxon da<br />

erTad imsjelon ama Tu im sferoSi arsebuli problemebis<br />

mogvarebis gzebze.<br />

,,_ me vfiqrob ufro Tamamad unda aiRon TaviaanT<br />

Tavze pasuxismgebloba, maTi SesaZleblobebidan gamomdinare.<br />

yvela sakiTxis myisieri gadawyveta ra Tqma<br />

unda SeuZlebelia, magram maT unda daiwyon mcdeloba<br />

nabij-nabij gadawyviton umwvavesi problemebi da upasuxon<br />

im urTules gamowvevebs, romlebic Cveni qveynis<br />

winaSe dgas. maT rogorme unda SeZlon daamyaron<br />

kavSirebi, daiwyon urTierTobebi, daiwyon msjelobebi,<br />

Cvens TanamoZme afxazebTan da osebTan. magaliTad ganaTlebis,<br />

jandacvis, ekonomikis da a.S. problemebze,<br />

rac SeiZleba namdvilad iyos soxumsa da cxinvalSi.<br />

gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs pirad kontaqtebs,<br />

kavSirebs, gamoyenebul iqnas socialuri qselebi, romlebic<br />

iseT perspeqtivebsa da SesaZleblobebs qmnis,<br />

rac aqamde miuRweveli iyo. aman SeiZleba gadalaxos<br />

yovelgvari sazRvrebi, mTavrobebis ganwyobebi da ramdenadac<br />

vxedav aseTi aqtivobebi ukve dawyebulia.<br />

rac meti iqneba aseTi iniciativebi, miT met progress<br />

miviRebT~_aRniSnavs politologi gia JorJoliani.<br />

Ppolitologebisa da eqspertebis garkveuli<br />

nawili fiqrobs, rom arsebuli rTuli viTarebis daregulirebaSi<br />

axalgazrdebs mniSvnelovani rolis<br />

Sesruleba SeuZliaT. maTive informaciiT am mosazrebas<br />

soxumeli da cxinvaleli axali Taobis nawilic<br />

iziarebs da mzad arian politikis gverdis avliT<br />

qarTvelebTan erTad sxvadasxva aqtualur sakiTxebze<br />

erToblivi Sexedulebebi gamoxaton da saerTo saintereso<br />

Temebze erTad imsjelon.<br />

nino CibCiuri<br />

19


am cota xnis winaT cxinvalSi gamomaval gazeT `respublikaSi~<br />

romelic rusul enaze ibeWdeba, mkiTxvels<br />

SesTavaza xelmocaruli `mecnieris~ vinme zarbeg<br />

jagaevis statia, romelic Tavisi SexedulebiT Turme<br />

zemo qarTlSi arasodes ucxovria da sxva misTanani.<br />

amaze ra Tqma unda pasuxi male gaeca da amJamad<br />

Cveni Jurnalis mkiTxvels vTavazobT zemodxsenebuli<br />

anTroponimuli modelis Sesaxeb, romelsac<br />

qarTveloba didi xnidan atarebs, gansxvavebiT Tundac<br />

osebisagan, romlebic gvian arian Crdilo kavkasiaSi<br />

mosulebi. gvari maTTvis ucxo ram iyo, rac axlac<br />

asea. osini sakuTar gvars ar atareben, radgan saer-<br />

Tod ar gaaCniaT aseTi ram.<br />

qarTuli gvar-saxeli dokumenturad ukve meSvide<br />

saukuneSi gvxvdeba. qristianobis miRebis Semdeg sparsuli<br />

saxelebi Secvala kanonizebulma qristianulma<br />

saxelebma.<br />

`qarTlis cxovrebis~ pirvel tomSi warCinebulTa<br />

Soris ukve gxvdeba zviadi da kaxaberi. mTis regionebSi<br />

SemorCa gaanTroponimebuli qarTuli sityvebi:<br />

irema, loma, lekvia, mgela, mercxala, rCeula,<br />

saZagela, futkara, qoria, SoSia, Cqaria, ZaRlia, ciskara,<br />

xmala da mravali sxva. qarTul gvar-saxelTa siRrmeSia<br />

warmoqmnili. CvenTan moxda gvarovnuli gvaris<br />

jer gviandel gvarSi, Semdeg gvar-saxelSi gadasvla.<br />

memkvidreobiTi saxelis gareSe qarTuli enobriv-eTnikuri<br />

samyaro arasodes yofila. pirovnebebi qar-<br />

Tul saistorio sabuTebSi, ZeglebSi Cawerili arian,<br />

rogorc saxeliTa da gvariT, ise saxeliT, mamis saxeliTa<br />

da gvarsaxeliT. es dokumentebia: XIII_XIV<br />

saukuneebis qsnis erisTavTa sagvareulo matiane ,,Zegli<br />

erisTavTa~, Semdgomi saukunis ,,gergeTis sulTa<br />

matiane~, ikorTis Jamn-gelani, cxinvalis XVII saukunis<br />

davTari, 1715 wlis frones xeobis dafTari<br />

da sxvebi sadac saerTod ar aris osis xseneba da<br />

modeli da eTnikuroba mTlianad qarTulia, rac ase<br />

aRizianebT Sovinistebs. es imitom aRizianebT, rom<br />

qarTuli kulturis zeoba TavianT Seuracxyofad miaCniad<br />

da cdiloben daaZvelon TavianTi `kultura~,<br />

magram faqts ver gaeqcevian, radgan yvelaferi sicrue<br />

aris da iqneba.<br />

mejudis xeobis sofel breTis IX_X saukuneebis<br />

asomTavruli warwera mogviTxrobs `qriste meufeo<br />

yovelTao, adide erisTavT-erisTavi ioane Ze bakur yan-<br />

Caelisa~, erisTavisa da erisTavT_erisTavis tituls<br />

axsenebs X saukunis Zeglebis dodoTis, borcsjvris,<br />

tbeTis warwerebi, sadac vkiTxulobT `adiden RmerTo<br />

erisTavi-erisTavi ioane~.<br />

gvarsaxeli esaa memkvidreobiTi saxeli, romelic<br />

oTxi Taobis ganmavlobaSi mainc gadaecema Taobidan<br />

Taobas. Semdgom aseTi modelebi icvleboda, radgan<br />

politikuri movlenebis Sedegad Zveli qreboda da<br />

axali warmoiSoboda, magram modeli mainc rCeboda.<br />

zemoTxsenebuli asomTavruli warwerebi ki ukvdavi<br />

Zeglebia da Cveni xalxis saukunovan gamZleobaze<br />

miuTiTebs.<br />

Zvel ZeglebSi ZiriTadad oTxi jgufis gvarsax-<br />

20 XX<br />

sxva da sxva<br />

isev anTroponimebis anu<br />

gvarebis Sesaxeb<br />

elebi gvxvdeba. esenia: eponimuri, eTnonimuri, geografiuli<br />

da profesiuli. eponimur gvarsaxelebs<br />

safuZvlad udevT winapris saxeli. magaliTad oTinadanjer<br />

miviReT OoTinasZe, Semdeg oTinaSvili (dirbis<br />

eklesiis X saukunis asomTavruli warwera), go-<br />

Cadan_ goCaSvili, eliozidan _ elioziSvili da sxva.<br />

eTnonimur gvarsaxelebs miekuTvnebian: ZurZukeTidan<br />

_ ZurZuki, dvaleTidan _ dvali an dvaliSvili,<br />

dvaliZe, dvalaZe, basianidan _ basiSvili da sxva.<br />

geografiul gvarebs Cveni mxridan ganekuTvnebian:<br />

xideSidan _ xidaSeli, kasriskaridan _ kasraZe, Jameridan<br />

_ Jamereli, qemertidan _ qemerteliZe, Tuxarisidan<br />

_ Tuxareli, borcvisjvridan _ borcvaZe da sxva.<br />

Cveni gvarsaxelebis originaloba da TavisTavadoba<br />

maTi mawarmoeblebis mravalricxovnobaSi gamoixateba<br />

_ Ze, _ Svili, _ ian, _ ur, _ Si, _ fxe, _ Xee da sva.<br />

isini ZiriTadad krebiTobis, kuTvnilebis, sadaurobis<br />

gamomxatvelni arian. TviT _ Ta da _ Ti sufiqsebi,<br />

romlebiTac Cveni gvarebi formdeba osebmac<br />

gadaiRes da dRes isini TavianT kuTvnilebad miaCniaT,<br />

magram es ase ar aris, imitom, rom rogorc CvenSi<br />

aRniSnuli sufiqsebi geografiul da kuTvnilebis<br />

aRsaniSnavad gamoiyeneboda da axlac gamoiyeneba osebma<br />

qarTuli tomis dvalebisgan SeiTvises, romlebic<br />

kavkasionis qedis iqiTa da aqeTa samxreTis kalTebze<br />

cxovrobdnen da asemilireba ganicades osTagan.<br />

Tumca yvela geografiuli saxeli dResac qarTulia<br />

da qarTuli enis meSveoobiT ixsneba.<br />

nikoloz oTinaSvili<br />

sul male taZris<br />

kurTxeva<br />

moxdeba<br />

werovanSi wminda giorgis saxelobis taZari aSenda.<br />

iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli xalxi fiqrobs, rom<br />

amiT metad sasikeTo saqme gakeTda, radgan isedac<br />

uamravi problemebiT aRsavse devnilebs maTgan erT–<br />

erTi mniSvnelovani moexsnaT. aqamde maTi nawili wirva-locvaze<br />

sxvagan dadioda.<br />

,,– mas mere, rac xeobidan wamovediT, Cveni mrevli<br />

wirva-locvas dedaqalaqSi, samebis sakaTedro taZar-<br />

Si eswreba. garda amisa, Cven erTmaneTs vnaxulobT,<br />

vsaubrobT, rac fsiqologiuri ganmuxtvis erT-erTi<br />

saSualebaa. TbilisSi wasvlas yovelTvis ver vaxerxebT.xan<br />

dro ar gvaqvs, xan ki arc – samgzavro<br />

fuli. axla ki es sakiTxi mogvarda, werovnis axladaSenebul<br />

taZarSi vivliT.“ – ZarwemSi cxovrebis<br />

dros nana kasraZe, soflis sabavSvo baRSi aRmzrdel–<br />

maswavleblad muSaobda, kviraobiT da sxva dResac,<br />

rom gaigebda wirva tardeboda, igi qurTis eklesiaSi<br />

dadioda, ramdenime kilometris gavla xSirad fexiT<br />

uxdeboda, Tumca sulieri sazrdo misTvis imdenad


eligia<br />

mniSvnelovania, arc axla da arc maSin eklesiamde<br />

fexiT siaruli ar ezareboda. nana niqozis eklesiaSic<br />

xSirad dadioda. masTan erTad taZrisken mimaval<br />

bevr Zarwemels, qemertels da kexvels SeniSnavdiT.<br />

mrevli erTmaneTs axla ukve werovanSi xvdeba,<br />

– qalbatono dodo, ras niSnavs TqvenTvis taZarSi<br />

yofna da galoba?<br />

– mZime cxovrebiseuli pirobebi gvaqvs. naTqvamiT<br />

javri naxevrdebao, xom gagigoniaT da Cvenc, Cven<br />

saTqmels erTmaneTs vuambobT. amiT TiTqos vTavisufldebiT.<br />

galoba ki imdenad saocaria, TiTqos sxva<br />

samyaroSi xar, TiTqos miuwvdomels wvdebi...<br />

– axerxebT, rom ojaxs Tavi daaRwioT?<br />

– rasac guliT moisurveb, is saqme aucileblad<br />

gamova. TiToeuli adamianisTvis taZarSi siaruli,<br />

wirva-locvebi da biblia, miTumetes dRevandel qaosur<br />

yofaSi Zalian bevrs unda niSnavdes. sami Svilis<br />

dedas saqmis meti ra maqvs, magram yvela saqmes protests<br />

vucxadeb da sulis gadasarCenad taZarSi mivdivar.<br />

mimaCnia, rom es yvelaze mniSvnelovani saqmea.<br />

– batono vaxtang, visi iniciativiT aigo taZari?<br />

– (saamSeneblo kompaniis inJineri, vaxtang sixaruliZe)<br />

iniciativa xalxis mxridan wamovida. moTxovnas,<br />

cxadia, mxari sapatriarqomac dauWira. samSeneblo<br />

saqmianoba mcxeTa–mTianeTis gubernator cezar Co-<br />

Celis didi mxardaWeriT samSeneblo kompaniam ,,niu<br />

enerji“-m ganaxorciela. rogorc xedavT, taZari ukve<br />

aSnebuli da keTilmowyobilia, mwyobrSia aseve satrapezo<br />

da kelia. brebi da WaRebi, iseve, rogorc<br />

sxva mowyobiloba, prestiJul maRazia ,,axal naTeba“–<br />

Si SeviZineT da 900 lari marto amaSi gadavixadeT.<br />

ezo, romelsac sakmaod didi farTi ukavia, filebiT<br />

mopirkeTda.<br />

– anu samuSaoebi dasrulda?<br />

– ki, TiTqmis. bolo etapia. imedia, mrevls guls<br />

gavuxarebT da male taZari srul mzadyofnaSi 20<br />

aprils iqneba.<br />

vidre inJiners SevxvdebodiT, taZarSi myof mama<br />

raJdens gavesaubreT, romelic qurTis eklesiaSi wiravda.<br />

– axal taZarSi mrevli Tu modis, mamao?<br />

– ki, xedavT, modian. xan me vkiTxulob locvebs,<br />

xan – sxvebi. aRsarebas rom vibareb, gvianobamde aq<br />

miwevs–xolme yofna.<br />

– rogorc gavige, Tqven ar iRvawebT am taZarSi.<br />

mrevlis udidesi survili minda gadmogceT, maT ar<br />

surT moZRvari Seicvalon. Tqveni aq darCena xalxis<br />

udidesi survilia. rogoria Tqveni azri am sakiTxis<br />

Sesaxeb?<br />

– mesmis Cemi mrevlis, magram werovani teritoriulad<br />

mcxeTa–Tbilisis eparqias ekuTvnis da am<br />

sakiTxsac Sesabamisad aRniSnuli eparqia wyvets.<br />

– dagvloceT, mamao...<br />

aRdgomis brwyinvale dResaswauli axlovdeba. yvelas<br />

gilocavT am mniSvnelovan dRes da yovelive<br />

warmatebas gisurvebT. RvTisadmi rwmeniT da udidesi<br />

siyvaruliT gecxovroT. RmerTma ukeTesi momavlis<br />

imedi ar mogiSaloT!<br />

wminda giorgis saxelobis taZris kurTxeva<br />

werovanSi savaraudod giorgobas – 6 maiss Sedgeba.<br />

nana kaxniaSvili<br />

saswauli sveticxovelSi<br />

21 aprils daaxloebiT Ramis pirvel saaTze, sveticxovlis<br />

aRmosavleT kedelze wminda nikolozis<br />

gamosaxvis TviTmxilveli uamravi adamiani gaxda.<br />

movlena, romelic ukve moinaTla saswaulad da<br />

romelzec ukve mTeli qveyana laparakobs, mironis<br />

xarSvis dros moxda. aseulobiT RamismTeveli mrevlis<br />

Tvalwin taZris aRmosavleT kedelze uecrad<br />

wminda nikolozis gamosaxuleba gamoCnda.<br />

– ra Tqma unda, didi madlisa da wminda nikolozis<br />

mfarvelobis niSania is, rac moxda, magram getyviT,<br />

rom sasuliero sferoSi ase Tu ise, Rrmad Caxeduli<br />

pirisTvis moulodneli araferi momxdara. amiT imis<br />

Tqma ki ar minda, rom aseTi gamocxadebebi Cveulebrivi<br />

movlenaa, aramed minda, mironis xarSvis mniSvnelobas<br />

gavusva xazi. rogorc mama gabrieli ambobda, mironis<br />

xarSvis dros iq wmindanebi trialeben. albaT, RamiTac<br />

bevrni iyvnen, xalxTan gamoCena ki wminda nikolozma gamocxadeba naxevar saaTze met xans gagrZelda.<br />

ineba... magaliTad, 16 wlis win, roca sveticxovelSi xalxi idga da loculobda, Tavdapirvelad wminda<br />

aseve mironi ixarSeboda, kedelze mcire xniT ramden- nikolozis gamoCena imdenad didi moulodneloba iyo,<br />

ime wmindani gamoCnda. mironis xarSva udidesi madlis rom zogierTi SeuZlod gaxda. Tumca mironis xarS-<br />

mqone ritualia da ar aris gasakviri, rom am rituvis rituali ar Seferxebula – sasuliero pirebma<br />

als wmindanebi eswrebian... _ganmartaven dedebi. saritualo moqmedeba gaagrZeles...<br />

XXI<br />

21


gazafxuli qvelmoqmedebiT daiwyo, romelic rusuli<br />

agresiis Sedegad dazaralebuli cxinvalis regionis<br />

unarSezRudul bavSvebs ekuTvnodaT. qvelmoqmedeba<br />

organizatorebma originaluri da namdvili qarTuli<br />

saxasiaTo formatiT gdawyvites _ qarTuli xalxuri<br />

cekva, Tbilisuri, namdvili qarTuli gemovnebiani<br />

saestrado musika, rasac Taviseburi, erTob saintereso<br />

momRerali axalisebda Tavisi niWierebiT da simReriT<br />

_ soso narimaniZe. marTla Zalian saintereso gamovida<br />

saqvelmoqmedo proeqti _ Cven davbrundebiT!<br />

mTavari organizatorebi: liaxvis maJoritari deputati<br />

saqarTvelos parlamentSi badri basiSvili, Sida<br />

qarTlSi prezidentis rwmunebulis administracia,<br />

okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul<br />

pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa saministro,<br />

Jurnali ,,liaxvis xeoba~, giorgi WoveliZe, Jurnali<br />

`naTlia~, saeklesio maRazia ,,madli~ (xelmZRvanelebi<br />

merab dvali da lali goCitaSvili). am madlian saqmeSi<br />

yvelaze didi wvlili Seitanes qarTuli estradis<br />

yvelaze gemovnebianma ansamblebma _ `qarTulma xmebma~,<br />

`Teatralurma kvartetma~, `Tbilisurma kvartetma~ da<br />

msoflioSi cnobilma focxiSvilebis `cekvis akademiam~.<br />

qvelmoqmedebisTvis qvelmoqmedeba saeklesio maRazia<br />

`madlma~ gaiRo da RvTiuri madli da mfarveloba<br />

gaatana koncertSi yvela monawiles da organizators.<br />

es fasdaudebeli saCuqrebi `madlis~ warmomadgenelma,<br />

legendaruli suxiSvilebis ansamblis solistma Tamar<br />

dvalma gadasca yovel maTgans.<br />

saqvelmoqmedo koncerti, romelic unarSezRuduli<br />

bavSvebisTvis moewyo, mniSvnelovania, magram ufro didi<br />

da mniSvnelovani datvirTvis matarebelicaa proeqti<br />

_ Cven davbrundebiT, _ saqarTvelo gamTliandeba! Cven<br />

marTla davbrundebiT, yvela erTad da rusuli okupaciis<br />

Sedegad sakuTari miwa-wylidan devnili bavSvebi,<br />

isev iq _ liaxvis xeobaSi gaagrZeleben TamaSs, iq aRizrdeba<br />

momavali Taobebi saqarTvelosTvis! amitomac,<br />

idea da proeqti, TavisTavad, gamarTlebulad mimaCnia.<br />

aqcia-proeqti „Cven davbrundebiT“, kodasa (TeTriwyaros<br />

raioni) da gorSi gaimarTa. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT,<br />

saqvelmoqmedo koncertis mizani rusuli agresiis<br />

Sedegad dazaralebuli cxinvalis regionidan devnili<br />

unarSezRuduli bavSvebis mxardaWera da daxmareba iyo.<br />

RonisZiebebs devnil mosaxleobasTan da yvela organizatorTan<br />

erTad, samxreT-oseTis droebiTi administraciis<br />

xelmZRvaneli, dimitri sanakoevi eswrebodnen. organizatorebma<br />

ukve isic aRniSnes, rom msgavsi aqciebi<br />

ara marto devnilTa CasaxlebebSi gagrZeldeba, aramed<br />

saqarTvelos TiTqmis yvela did qalaqs moicaven.<br />

koba subeliani: Cven aucileblad davbrundebiT,<br />

ubralod sanam davbrundebiT, manamde unda movaxerxoT<br />

is, rom viyoT Zlierebi, ekonomikurad, sulierad da<br />

fizikurad Zlieri ojaxebi gvqondes! yvela iZulebiT<br />

gadaadgilebulma ojaxma SeZlos, rom, dabrunebis Sem-<br />

TxveveaSi xelcarielebi ki ar dabrundnen _ xelsavseebi<br />

iyvnen. amitomac Cveni mTavroba yvelafers akeTebs.<br />

am proeqtidan Semosuli pirveli Tanxebi cxinvalis<br />

regionidan devnil 40 unaSezRudul bavSvs gadaecema.<br />

badri basiSvili: WeSmaritebaa, rom Cven aucileblad<br />

davbrundebiT. vidre davbrundebiT Cven gvinda,<br />

rom am kategoriis xalxs _ unarSezRudul bavSvebs,<br />

22<br />

qvelmoqmedeba<br />

gavagrZelebT aqciebs, saqarTvelos yvela did qalaqs<br />

movivliT da Tanamoazreebsac SemovierTebT<br />

XXII<br />

focxiSvilebis cekvis akademia<br />

Tbilisuri kvarteti<br />

qarTuli xmebi


qvelmoqmedeba<br />

Cveni mxridan ufro meti yuradReba hqondeT, yoveldRiurad<br />

vizrunebT maTze, gavagrZelebT am aqciebs da saqarTvelos<br />

yvela did qalaqs movivliT da SemovierTebT<br />

Tanamoazreebs. pirveli etapi 40 bavSvisTvis iqneba gansaz-<br />

Rvruli, romlebic msgavsi problemis winaSe dganan. Cven<br />

davexmarebiT da SevumsubuqebT unarSezRudul bavSvebs<br />

mZime cxovrebas. Cven aucileblad davbrundebiT, _ saqarTvelo<br />

gamTliandeba. male saqarTvelo erT-erTi Zlieri<br />

da warmatebuli qveyana iqneba. Cveni mTavroba gamudmebiT<br />

muSaobs devnilTa problemebze, unarSezRudul adamianebze<br />

da sxva politikur, socialur-ekonomikur Tu kulturul<br />

sakiTxebze, ris dasturadac es proeqtic gamodgeba _ qvelmoqmedeba<br />

da kulturuli RonisZieba erTmaneTTan Seerwya,<br />

rac amave dros socialur sakiTxsac agvarebs.<br />

nugzar WiaberaSvili: qarTveli kaci RvTismoSiSia<br />

da bunebiT qvelmoqmedi, sikeTis mkeTebeli da amitomac mas<br />

ufali arasodes miatovebs... vidre am proeqtze muSaobas<br />

daviwyebdiT iyo sxvadasxva versia, Tu rogor SevweodiT<br />

qveyanas, magram yvelaze karg prioritetad cxinvalis regionis<br />

devnili unarSezRuduli bavSvebis daxmareba miviCnieT,<br />

romelic srul sinTezSi da harmoniaSi movida yvela, Cveni<br />

Tanamemulis ocnebasTan, saqarTvelos gamTlianeba _ Cven<br />

davbrundebiT! saqarTvelosTvis samaCablo da cxinvalis<br />

regioni iseTive erTiani nawilia, rogorc kaxeTi, samegrelo,<br />

aWara, svaneTi an qarTli, amitomac Cven gavamTlianebT erTsulovnebiT,<br />

SromiT, swavliT, RmerTis ZaliT Cvens qveyanas<br />

da es qvelmoqmedebac swored amisi magaliTia.<br />

daviT arCvaZe: rodesac am aqciaSi monawileoba SemomTavaza<br />

RonisZiebis erT-erTma organizatorma, Jurnal<br />

`naTlias~ damfuZnebelma da mTavarma redaqtorma, nugzar<br />

WiaberaSvilma, arc davfiqrebulvar ise daveTanxme, radgan<br />

es Zalian mniSvnelovania, CemTvis da sruliad saqarTvelosTvis<br />

_ davexmaroT cxinvalis regionidan devnil,<br />

unarSezRudul bavSvebs da Cven davbrundebiT! amaze karg<br />

saqmes verafers gavakeTebT, rom davexmaroT unarSezRudul<br />

bavSvebs da saqarTvelo gavamTlianoT, erTad, SromiT, sikeTiT,<br />

qvelmoqmedebiT, siyvaruliT da simReriT. me am aqciaproeqtSi<br />

manamde miviReb mnawileobas, vidre amas organizatorebi<br />

saWirod miiCneven.<br />

Tamar dvali: Cemi ojaxi mudmivad eweva qvelmoqmedebas<br />

_ es Cemi mSoblebisaTvis Cveulebrivi ambavia, sulieri<br />

moTxovnilebaa. Sesabamisad maTi damsaxurebaa, rom mec<br />

gamiCnda qvelmoqmedebis survili da dRes aq var Cems qarTvelebTan<br />

erTad, romlebsac esoden esaWiroebT daxmareba.<br />

gela focxiSvili: focxiSvilebis cekvis academia<br />

yovelTvis mowodebis simaRleze dgas da mudam iqaa, sadac<br />

Cvens qveyanas sWirdeba. me da mTlianad, Cemi cekvis akademia<br />

Tu qarTuli nacionaluri baleti `metexi~ yovelTvis<br />

mzad varT imisTvis, rom Cems qarTvel xalxs vemsaxuroT,<br />

saxelmwifos SenebaSi miviRoT monawileoba, patara, magram<br />

gulwrfeli wvlili SivitanoT. Cven kidev gavagrZelebT am<br />

turnes da ai naxeT _ Cven davbrundebiT! Cven davbrundebiT<br />

cekviT da simReriT!<br />

giorgi WoveliZe: Cven davbrundebiT! Cven valdebulni<br />

varT, rom msgavsi problemebis mqone bavSvebs gverdiT<br />

davudgeT, gansakuTrebiT iZulebiT gadaadgilebulT.<br />

yovelTvis vgrZnob am bavSvebis problemas da minda, maT<br />

gverdiT viyo, rac SemeZleba davexmaro.<br />

soso narimaniZe: xeobelebo, yvela miyvarxarT! Cven<br />

davbrundebiT! Cven gavimarjvebT! me mjera amisi. me Tu 2011<br />

wlis niWieris gamarjvebuli gavxdi, gpirdebiT, rom msgavsi<br />

saxis saqvelmoqmedo aqciebs movawyob mTels saqarTveloSi<br />

da TqvenTan kidev araerTxel davexmarebi cxinvalis regionidan<br />

devnil unarSezRudul bavSvebs.<br />

neli darbaiZe<br />

XXIII<br />

soso<br />

narimaniZe<br />

Teatraluri kvarteti<br />

23


,,ZlevaSemosili da uZleveli<br />

zeciuri mxedari~<br />

6 maiss, qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesia saqarTveloSi<br />

erT-erT yvelaze RirsSesaniSnav religiur<br />

dResaswauls - wminda giorgis xsenebis dRes, giorgobas<br />

aRniSnavs. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebluri<br />

ekelsia wmida giorgis xsenebas orjer aRniSnavs: 6<br />

maiss - wmidanis aRsrulebis dRes da 23 noembers<br />

- misi borbalze wamebis dRes. am ukanasknel dResaswauls<br />

qarTuli ewodeba, radgan saqarTvelodan<br />

gavrcelda sxva adgilobriv eklesiebSi. giorgobis<br />

dResaswaulTan dakavSirebiT sazeimo wirva-locva<br />

qveynis yvela marTlmadideblur taZarSi tardeba.<br />

dResaswauli saqarTvelos ganmanaTleblis - wminda<br />

ninos mier iqna daarsebuli. cnobilia, rom is wminda<br />

giorgis naTesavi iyo, mas eTayvaneboda da qveyanas misi<br />

siyvaruli da Tayvaniscema uanderZa. Sua saukuneebSi<br />

qveynis sxvadasxva kuTxeSi wminda giorgis saxelze<br />

weliwadis dReebis Sesabamisad 365 salocavi aigo.<br />

wmida giorgi mesame saukunis meore naxevarSi daibada<br />

kabadokiaSi, mdidar qristianul ojaxSi. mamamisi<br />

mowameobrivad aResrula. daqvrivebuli deda kabadokiidan<br />

samSobloSi wavida da iq ganagrZo Svilis<br />

qristianulad aRzrda. Wabuki giorgi romis laSqarSi<br />

ganmwesda mxedrad. axovanma, mamacma da uSiSarma<br />

meomarma male imperator diokletianes (284-305)<br />

yuradReba miipyro. man Tavis pirad mcvelad daniSna<br />

wmida giorgi da mxedarTmTavris maRali wodebac<br />

uboZa. kerpTayvanismcemelma imperatorma Tavisi ganmgeblobis<br />

bolo wlebSi sastiki brZola gamoucxda<br />

qristianobas. senatis sabWoze nikomidiaSi man sruli<br />

Tavisufleba mianiWa provinciis mmarTvelT qristes<br />

mimdevarTa dasasjelad da Tavis mxriv mxardaWerac<br />

aRuTqva. wminda giorgim es rom Seityo, gaaTavisufla<br />

Tavisi monebi, qoneba glaxakT dauriga, senatSi<br />

gamocxadda, sajarod aRiara qristianoba da yvela iq<br />

myofsac mouwoda, mieRoT es WeSmariti sarwmunoeba:<br />

“me mona var qristesi, RmrTisa Cemisa da msasoebeli<br />

misi. sakuTari nebiT warvmdgarvar Tqven winaSe, raTa<br />

vewamo WeSmaritebisTvis~. - `ra aris WeSmariteba?~ -<br />

hkiTxa erT-erTma warCinebulma. `Tavad qristea WeSmariteba,<br />

devnili Tqven mier~, - iyo pasuxi. dasjis<br />

win wmida giorgim mTeli guliT SesTxova ufals,<br />

Seendo mtarvalTaTvis, romelTac ar uwyoden, ras<br />

iqmodnen da sTxova, WeSmariti rwmenis Secnobamde<br />

mieyvana isini, Semdeg ki morCilebiT moudrika qedi<br />

jalaTis maxvils. igi aResrula 303 wlis 23 aprils.<br />

anderZisamebr, wmida giorgis sxeuli dakrZales palestinis<br />

qalaq ramlaSi, konstantine didis mefobis<br />

dros ki gadaasvenes wmidanis saxelze aSenebul did<br />

taZarSi, qalaq lidiaSi. wmida giorgi ewama 30 wlis<br />

asakSi da eklesiis istoriaSi Sevida, rogorc ZlevaSemosili<br />

da uZleveli zeciuri mxedari.<br />

24 XXIV<br />

eqimis rCevebi<br />

eqimi gvirCevs. qurTidan – werovnamde.<br />

samedicino universitetis warmatebiT damTavrebis<br />

Semdeg zeinab garayanaSvilma muSaoba eqim – pediatrad<br />

qurTis saavadmyofoSi daiwyo, miuxedavad imisa rom,<br />

rTul samuSao reJimSi uwevda muSaoba wuTiTac ar<br />

ufiqria mietovebina misi xeoba da xeobis bavSvebi.<br />

misi moRvaweobis periodSi araerTi bavSvi gaizarda,<br />

romelTac ukve sakuTari Svilebi mihyavT qalbaton<br />

zeinabTan. 2008 w. movlenebis Semdeg qurTis saavadmyofom<br />

bina werovanSi daido, devnili qalbatoni zeinabic<br />

isev ganagrZobs muSaobas amjerad devnil bavSvebTan,<br />

romelTac didi fsiqologiuri Tanadgoma esaWiroebaT.<br />

qalbaton zeinabs gazafxul – zafxulis periodSi<br />

bavSvebSi arsebul SesaZlo problemebze vesaubreT.<br />

_ qalbatono zeinab ZiriTadad romeli daavadebebia<br />

xSiri gazafxulze?<br />

_ zamTris sezonisTvis Warbobs sasunTqi gzebis<br />

daavadebebi, gazafxulze ki mosalodnelia mwvave nawlavuri<br />

infeqciebi, rogorc mozardebSi aseve bavSvebSi.<br />

_ ZiriTadad ra iwvevs maT?<br />

_ am davaadebebs sxvadasxva gamomwvevi mizezi aqvs.<br />

ZiriTadad esenia: nawlavis Cxiri, fsalmonelebi, xSirad<br />

am daavadebebs daubaneli xelis daavadebebsac uwodeben.<br />

_ rogor aviciloT Tavidan es daavadebebi?<br />

mSoblebs vurCevT bavSvebs aswavlon piradi higiena<br />

da xSirad dabanon xelebi sapniT, ar miscen vadagasuli,<br />

saeWvo saWmeli. moaridon avadmyofebs.<br />

_ rogor vumkurnaloT maT?<br />

_ Tu bavSvs aReniSneba Rebineba, faRaraTi, temperaturis<br />

mateba, aucileblad binaze unda mieces didi<br />

raodenobiT rehidratoruli siTxeebi, humanas eleqtrolitebi,<br />

rehidroni da rac SeiZleba droulad mimarTon<br />

eqims.<br />

gisurvebT jamrTelobas.<br />

eka ecataZe


siyvaruli da rCevebi<br />

siyvarulis dRe<br />

kodaSi<br />

TeTriwyaros raion sofel kodaSi siyvarulis<br />

dResTan dakavSirebiT 15 aprils Catarda RonisZieba<br />

saxelwodebiT _ `rac mtrobas daungrevia siyvaruls<br />

uSenebia~. zeimis dawyebisas kulturis saxlis direqtorma<br />

nino JuJniaSvilma es dRe yvelas miuloca.<br />

Sesrulda cekvebi da simRerebi, aseve leqsebi siyvarulze.<br />

Aam yvelafris Semdeg daiwyo konkursebi 17-dan<br />

25 wlamde wyvilebisTvis. darbazSi moTavsebuli iyo 7<br />

danomrili magida. wyvilebi magidebis mixedviT iRebdnen<br />

konkursSi monawileobas, TiToO magididan gadioda TiTo<br />

wyvili. Kkompetenturi Jiuris gadawyvetilebiT gamarjvebuleba<br />

wilad xvda: lela xaWapuriZes, sergo midodaSvils.<br />

valeri enipapaSvils, levan beruaSvils, merab<br />

basiSvils, iago metrevels, mariam masiSvils, beqa yaulaSvils,<br />

ela xaWapuriZes, omar beruaSvils mariam yoCiSvils.<br />

konkursantebs Jiuris gadawyvetilebiT gadaecaT<br />

samaxsovro saCuqrebi. am RonisZiebas eswrebodnen eredvisa<br />

da qurTis municipalitetis TanamSromlebi, patara<br />

liaxvis gamgebeli batoni gia maxniaSvili, eredvis municipalitetis<br />

sakrebulos Tavmjdonare batoni emzar<br />

beruaSvili, TeTriwyaros minicipalitetis sakrebulos<br />

Tavmjdomaris moadgile qalbatoni Tamar dalaqiSvili<br />

da kulturis saxlis TanamSromlebi. RonisZieba saRamos<br />

10 saaTamde gagrZelda.<br />

nana beruaSvili<br />

rCevebi siyvarulze ar surT. dadeqiT grZnobaze maRla, sZlieT emociebs<br />

zogierTi mecnieris azriT, siyvaruli fsiqikuri<br />

daavadebaa, romelsac eiforia da depresia, mRelvareba<br />

da pasiuroba, dabneuloba da mTebis gadagorebis<br />

survili axasiaTebs. avadmyofobaa Tu ara, faqtia –<br />

siyvaruls marTlac saswaulebis moxdena SeuZlia.<br />

SeyvarebulisTvis gadaulaxavi dabrkoleba ar arsebobs.<br />

samwuxarod, es yovlismomcveli grZnoba yovelTvis<br />

dadebiT emociebs rodi aRZravs, metadre maSin,<br />

rodesac Cven gviyvars, mas ki ara, an Cven kvlav gviyvars,<br />

mas ki ukve aRar. aseT dros yvelaze mgznebare<br />

adamianic ki mdgomareobidan gamodis da sruliad<br />

paralizdeba.<br />

rogor moviqceT?<br />

rCeva pirveli<br />

2-3 dRe idardeT da cremlebi RvareT, mere ki<br />

mTeli negatiuri energia samsaxurisken mimarTeT. es<br />

froidiseuli sublimaciis meTodia, roca seqsual-<br />

XXV<br />

uri energiis sxva miznebisken mimarTva adamians warumateblobisgan<br />

Tavis daRwevaSi exmareba. momxdari<br />

logikurad gaacnobiereT, mSvidad da obieqturad SeafaseT<br />

misi yvela dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxare. siyvaruli<br />

erTgvari nebayoflobiTi monobaa – kargavT<br />

uamrav dros, nervebs, Zalas, fuls, megobrebs, samsaxurs,<br />

sanacvlod ki arcTu ise sasiamovno mogonebebs<br />

iRebT. uxmeT Rirsebas – gana amas imsaxurebT?! Tavidan<br />

moicileT Savbneli fiqrebi, daiwyeT imis keTeba,<br />

rasac mgznebare romanis gamo karga xania ver moabiT<br />

Tavi. iseT saqmes mohkideT xeli, romelic arc dag-<br />

RliT da arc gagaRizianebT. warmatebis SemTxvevaSi<br />

mixvdebiT, rom samyaro arc ise cudia. uiRblo siyvarulic<br />

uwindeliviT mZime da damTrgunveli aRar<br />

mogeCvenebaT.<br />

rCeva meore<br />

pasteris meTodi<br />

lui pasters daavadebaTa sawinaaRmdegod organizmSi<br />

infeqciis dasustebuli gamomwvevebi Sehyavda,<br />

romelTa mimarTac organizmi imunitetis gamomuSavebas<br />

iwyebda. Tu siyvaruli srulfasovani Sromis sa-<br />

Sualebas ar gaZlevT, mieciT grZnobas gasaqani, ipoveT<br />

sxva obieqti da dauokebeli vneba misken mimarTeT.<br />

ase damcavi vaqcinis dozasac miiRebT da aRarc warsul<br />

grZnobaze fiqri gagawamebT. oRond zomiereba ar<br />

dakargoT, Torem SesaZloa, axali urTierToba axali<br />

tanjvis wyarod geqceT.<br />

rCeva mesame<br />

deromantizacia<br />

uiRblo siyvaruls gansakuTrebuli simwvaviT<br />

Zlier romantikuli adamianebi ganicdian. isini sxvebze<br />

metad axdenen siyvarulis idealizebas da yovelgvari<br />

dabrkoleba udides tanjvas ayenebT. Tu Tqvenc<br />

aseTi brZandebT, saswrafod SeicvaleT samyaros Sesaxeb<br />

romantikuli warmodgena da upasuxo siyvarulsac<br />

sxva TvaliT dainaxavT.<br />

rCeva meoTxe<br />

gons modiT<br />

nu daujerebT adamianebs, romlebic garwmuneben,<br />

rom siyvaruli ukvdavia, rom guls ver ubrZaneb, rom<br />

mxolod erTxel SeiZleba wrfelad giyvardes. ase-<br />

Ti frazebi alkoholikebisa da narkomanebis Segonebebs<br />

waagavs, romelTac mavne CvevasTan gamoTxoveba<br />

da sul male iamayebT sakuTari TaviT, rac upasuxo<br />

siyvarulis efemerul xiblze gacilebiT meti siamovnebis<br />

momgvrelia.<br />

Jurnal `liaxvis xeobis~<br />

erguli mkiTxveli nino basiSvili<br />

25


26<br />

Sapito – anu moZravi cirki...<br />

Sapito – albaT cotam Tu icis ras niSnavs, arada<br />

es sityva yvela bavSvis sayvareli cirkis Sesatyvisia,<br />

oRond ara SenobaSi gamarTuli sanaxaobis, aramed Sapito<br />

– mosiarule, moZravi cirkia. evropisa da aziis<br />

qveyanaSi cirkis mxolod es saxeoba arsebobs, Cvens<br />

qveyanaSi ki sul ramdenime wlis win Seiqmna da mas<br />

Semdeg araerTi bavSvis guli gaaxara. usamsaxurod<br />

darCenilma cirkis msaxiobma, ramaz garSauriSvilma<br />

evropuli Sapito saqarTvelos ganuyofel nawilad<br />

aqcia. batoni ramazi warmoSobiT axmetidan aris, amitom<br />

Sapitos maspinZloba Tavdapirvelad kaxelebs<br />

ergoT wilad, Semdeg Tbiliss estumra da dedaqalaqis<br />

yvela ubani moiara. batoni ramazi cirkiT adreul<br />

asakSi dainteresda da erT-erTi saintereso<br />

msaxiobic gaxda, is arc iumoris arqonas uCivis da<br />

saintereso mosaubrec aRmoCnda:<br />

_ batono ramaz daviwyoT Tavidan, rogor moxvdiT<br />

cirkSi?<br />

_ es yvelaferi Zalian adre daiwyo, 14 wlis viyavi<br />

pirvelad Jongliorobis Sesaxeb gazeTSi rom wavikiTxe<br />

da davinteresdi am saqmiT, radgan savarjiSod<br />

saWiro Tokic ki ar mqonda, saguldagulod dabmul<br />

virs Toki Sevxseni da varjiSi daviwyeT, droTa ganmavlobaSi<br />

Cemma gatacebam Sedegi gamoiRo da Telavis<br />

Teatris 200 wlis Tavze, yaenobis dResaswaulze<br />

patara sanaxaobac gavmarTe. Cemdami interesi maSinve<br />

gaCnda da sul male Tavi didi cirkis arenazec davimkvidre.<br />

_ ZiriTadad cirkis romel nomrebs flobT?<br />

_ me ukve imdeni xania cirkSi var, rom uamravi<br />

nomeri SemiZlia Sevasrulo, var bagirze mosiarule,<br />

iluzionisti, klouni, cxovelebis momTvinierebeli,<br />

Jongliori – da saerTod SeiZleba iTqvas, rom var<br />

adamiani, romelsac SeuZlia saaTnaxevris ganmavloba-<br />

Si araCveulebrivi sanaxaobiT warvsdge mayureblis<br />

winaSe.<br />

_ ras gvetyviT konkretulad Tqveni cirkis –<br />

Sapitos Sesaxeb, ramdeni adamiani gyavT dasaqmebuli<br />

da ra saxsrebiT arsebobT?<br />

_ ukve mesame welia rac Sapito Sevqmeni, CvenTan<br />

sul 9 adamiani varT, 4 msaxiobi danarCeni 5 ki saorganizacio<br />

saqmeebs uZRveba, CvenTan aris vaJa natroSvilic,<br />

75 wlis profesionali cirkis msaxiobi, kaci<br />

– romelic ara xeliT, aramed fexiT: - wers, xatavs,<br />

Wams, akeTebs nebismier rames, Tqven warmoidgineT fexiT<br />

mizanSic ki isvris. sul raRac Tvenaxevris win<br />

kidev erTi wevri Segvemata, ucnobma adamianma patara<br />

daTvis beli gvisaCuqra, romelsac ,,balu~ davarqviT,<br />

,,balu~ CvenTan erTad cxovrobs da cdilobs iswavlos<br />

sacirko nomrebi da male warsdges mayureblis<br />

winaSe.<br />

Cven Cvens Tavs CvenTviTonve varCenT, rasac aq xedavT<br />

piradi saxsrebiT SeviZine da gavakeTe, e.w. darbazSi<br />

150-200 kacs itevs, dReSi xSirad or sanaxaobas<br />

vmarTavT, bileTi 3-4 lari Rirs, SabaTobiT ki<br />

socialurad daucveli mosaxleobisTvis warmodgenas<br />

ufasod vmarTavT, axlo momavalSi usasyidlod invalid<br />

bavSvebsac vimaspinZlebT.<br />

_ mayurebelma Tqven proeqt ,,niWieridan~ gagicnoT,<br />

XXVI<br />

cirki<br />

`sul raRac Tvenaxevris win<br />

kidev erTi wevri Segvemata~<br />

Semdeg iyo Tqveni saocari nomeri – mtkvarze gabmul<br />

Tokze gaxvediT, exla ra siaxles sTavazobT Tqvens<br />

gulSematkivars, riTi moxiblavT maT gulebs?<br />

_ pirveli maisidan meore Sapito _ cirkis naxva<br />

mTawmindazec iqneba SesaZlebeli, savaraudod SabaT<br />

– kviras mTeli datvirTviT mTawmindaze vimuSavebT,<br />

mzaddeba axali saintereso nomrebi, romelsac Cvens<br />

erTgul mayurebels eqskluziurad SevTavazebT. ,,ni-<br />

Wieris~ Semdeg iyo SemoTavazebebi, viyaviT gastrolebze<br />

yofili sabWoTa kavSiris qveynebSi, esenges qveynebSi,<br />

italiaSi, TurqeTSi magram sabolood isev<br />

TbilisSi davbrundiT.<br />

_ es yvelaferi karieris Sesaxeb, magram ras gvetyviT<br />

pirad cxovrebaze, cirkTan erTad Tu dagrCaT<br />

amisTvis dro?<br />

_ myavs meuRle – natalia SauqriSvili da 13<br />

wlis gogona. me da nataliam erTmaneTi didi xnis win<br />

cirkis arenaze gavicaniT, amJamad natalia ,,amaltas~<br />

– sacirko studias xelmZRvanelobs da erTiani ZalebiT<br />

isev vcdilobT Cveni profesiis adamianebi<br />

gavzardoT.<br />

saubris Semdeg batoni ramaz ,,balusTan~ erTad cirkis<br />

arenasken gaemarTa, manmade ki dagvpirda, rom saintereso<br />

sanaxaobas devnili bavSvebisTvisac gamarTavs.<br />

eka ecataZe


msaxiobi<br />

gaTxovebas ar vapireb<br />

me jer mxolod cxovrebis<br />

sawyis etapze var<br />

daaxloebiT 2000–2001 welia. qarTul–osuri<br />

eTnokonfliqti droebiT miyuCebulia.<br />

cxinvalSi, Sua qalaqSi dro da dro qarTvelebi<br />

gamoCndebian, Tumca Cumad, ise<br />

malulad gaivl–gamoivlian, gagikvirdeba,<br />

cdiloben, aravin SeamCnios. am siCumesa da<br />

ucnaurobaSi 8–9 wlis qarTveli gogona bogirze,<br />

qalaqis centrSi dgas da xan cekvavs,<br />

xan qarTulad mReris. xmamaRla, ise, rom<br />

gamvlel–gamomvlelis yuradRebas iqcevs.<br />

cqmutavs, rokavs, mokled, erTi wuTiT ar<br />

isvenebs. vuyureb da gulSi meamayeba, amdens<br />

rom bedavs, Tumca SiSis Jruanteli mivlis,<br />

vfiqrob, neta iseTi aravin gamoCndes, qarTveli<br />

bavSvis xmam gaaRizianos da mis<br />

qcevas skandali mohyves. eWvi ar aris, mec<br />

SarSi gavexvevi, radgan bavSvi dedamisma<br />

– qurTis saavadmyofos eqimma, yvelasTvis<br />

sayvarelma da unikalurma pirovnebam, mari<br />

xmiadaSvilma me Camabara. am dRes iza maswavlebelma<br />

xeobeli bavSvebi xom cxinval-<br />

Si erT–erT skolaSi daibara. mari eqimi<br />

morige gaxldaT da wilad mxvda pativi,<br />

rom misi qaliSvili cekvaze Cem axlobel<br />

bavSvTan – nona kaxniaSvilTan erTad<br />

wameyvana.<br />

salome kokuaSvili dRes ukve Tbilisis elitaruli<br />

Jurnalebis wamyvan saxed iqca. wlebis win<br />

rom cxinvalSi misTvis yuradReba Tundac erTi wamiT<br />

migeqciaT, ueWvelia, mas momaval karieras uwinaswarmetyvelebdiT.<br />

– rodesac Cems Tanaklaselebs gavumJRavnebdi Cems<br />

mizans, rom mindoda mec populeruli gavmxdariyavi<br />

an vinme cnobils vbaZavdi, damcinodnen da ,,ocnebis<br />

koSkebidan miwaze daSvebas “ mirCevdnen, Tumca me<br />

vicodi da axlac ase mjera, rom mTavari mondomebaa,<br />

SeuZlebeli araferia da amitomac maT mtkiced<br />

vpasuxobdi:,,ai, vnaxoT!“<br />

– dRes Sen qarTul telearxebze da Jurnaleb-<br />

Si xSirad Canxar, rac popularobas niSnavs. rogor<br />

fiqrob, ra aris karieris ganmsazRvreli mTavari<br />

faqtori – survili Tu iRbali?<br />

– popularoba, ra vici, visTvis miRwevadia da visTvis<br />

– mxolod fantazia da ocneba, me ki davrwmundi,<br />

rom mTavaria moindomo. Tu Sen niWsa da unars realizebas<br />

gaukeTeb, miaRwev...Tumca amaSi iRbalic xels<br />

unda giwyobdes. gaxde cnobili, es arc ise martivia_<br />

amaSi iciT, ramdeni Sroma devs?!<br />

– mainc ramdeni?<br />

– popularoba nabij–nabij miRwevadia. bavSvobidan<br />

cekvaze davdiodi. iseTi seriozuli qoreografi,<br />

rogoric batoni Temur qamxaZea, TbilisSi bevri ar<br />

XXVII<br />

aris. swored masTan vswavlobdi cekvas. erTxelac<br />

rusTavi–2–ze mocekvaveebis miReba gamocxadda. mec bedi<br />

vcade da gamimarTla. Semdeg CemTvis Zvirfasma adamianma,<br />

nika grigoliam SemomTavaza komedi–SouSi monawileobis<br />

miReba, iqidan – sxvagan da ase... aba, pirveladve vin dagsvams<br />

wamyvanad?!<br />

– cekvaze rogor axerxebdi siaruls, Sen xom qur-<br />

Tis skolaSi swavlobdi?<br />

– Tavdapirvelad mSoblebma Tbilisis 147–e<br />

skolaSi mimiyvanes, Semdeg ki, vinaidan deda qurTis<br />

saavadmyofoSi muSaobda da saxli xeobaSic gvqonda,<br />

sacxovreblad iq momiwia gadasvlam. bolo klasebSi<br />

ki isev TbilisSi gadasvlam momiwia da xom geubnebiT,<br />

mTavari mondomebaa, mec movindome rom cekva meswavla.<br />

– radganac xeobaze CamoagdeT sityva, aqve gkiTxavT,<br />

rogor gaixsenebT iqaobas?<br />

– aCabeTi, qurTa da saerTod, xeoba CemTvis ulamazesi<br />

gaxsenebaa ara imitom, rom bavSvobis droindeli<br />

yvelaferi tkbili da gansakuTrebulia, aramed isedac...<br />

iqaoba , marTlac ulamazesi iyo da dRes guli<br />

mwydeba, rom iqaobis Sesaxeb ukve warsulSi vaxseneb<br />

– ,,iyo“...<br />

– Tavs Tineijerad Tvli?<br />

– 20 wlis gavxdi anu Tineijerobis asakidan<br />

gamovedi.<br />

– jer patara xar, magram mainc gkiTxav,Seni ganvlili<br />

gza dRemde...<br />

– formula ,,kreativ“–Tan vTanamSromlobdi<br />

pirvel arxze, Cemi pirveli gadaReba Sedga filmSi<br />

,,rac yvelaze Zalian giyvars“ da amitomac es filmi<br />

didi simpaTiebiT maxsendeba. monawileobas vRebulobdi<br />

,,Cven ofisSi“, mesame TaobaSi. amJamad vswavlob<br />

ilia WavWavaZis saxelobis saero universitetSi menejmentis<br />

da administrirebis specialobaze, paralelurad<br />

isev vTanamSromlob formula ,,kreativTan“, Tumca<br />

amJamad ukve ,,imedis“tele–arxTan da vTvli, rom<br />

studiaSi, sadac axla var, Cemi adgili vipove. CemTvis<br />

27


Zalian sainteresoa seriali ,, gogona gareubnidan“.<br />

– ,,Ramis Sou“–s sakmaod mravalricxovani mayurebeli<br />

hyavs da TiToeul monawile mayureblisTvis<br />

ukve cnobadi da sainteresoa. vis daasaxelebdi maTgan<br />

rogorc SenTvis yvelaze misaReb da axlobel<br />

adamianad?<br />

– samuSao pirobebic da urTierTobebic aq imdenad<br />

mowesrigebulia, rom Znelia erT–erTis gamorCeva.<br />

– rogor moxvdi „formula kreativSi“?<br />

– ,,komedi–Sou“–Si ,,qeTo da kote“–s viRebdiT.<br />

Sualedi mqonda. am dRes gamocxadebuli iyo qasTingi<br />

serialisTvis `mesame Taoba~. visargeble SualediT<br />

da qasTingi gaviare. auarebeli msurveli iyo. 4 turi<br />

gaviare da mimiRes. axla „Ramis Sous studiaSi var“.<br />

– rogor uTavseb swavlas da gadaRebas?<br />

– saswavlebelSi kviraSi sam dRes gvaqvs leqcia.<br />

zogjer vacden, magram swavla sulac ar miSlis xels<br />

Cem sayvarel saqmianobaSi...<br />

– rodis amTavreb universitets da ras apireb<br />

momavalSi?<br />

– swavlas maisSi vamTavreb.am etapze mimaCnia, rom<br />

gadaRebis gareSe cxovrebas CemTvis azri daekargeboda,<br />

samomavlod ki uamrav rames vgegmav. jer mxolod<br />

starti aviRe da sawyis etapze var!<br />

– daojaxebas rodis gegmav?<br />

– ojaxi, seriozuli tvirTia da jer–jerobiT<br />

ar vfiqrob. mimaCnia, rom qali 30 wlamde ar unda<br />

gaTxovdes.<br />

– Seni bavSvobisdroindeli megobrebi naadrevad<br />

daojaxdnen. maTTan isev kontaqtob?<br />

– vinc ojaxis tvirTs naadrevad aikidebs, yvela<br />

mecodeba.pirovnebad jer unda Camoyalibde da mere<br />

gadawyvito, Tu vis daukavSiro Seni momavali. Tqveni<br />

mkiTxveli, imedia, icnobs Sida qarTlis masStabiT<br />

gamarTul silamazis konkursis gamarjvebul Tamuna<br />

melanaSvils. igi Cemi bavSvobis megobaria. mis garda<br />

nino WuluxaZec dedaa. mivdivar maTTan, yvela Zalian<br />

miyvars, magram nu miwyenen da, vgrZnob, rom Cveni azrebi<br />

ukve gansxvavebulia. ojaxuri mizezebis gamo<br />

28<br />

XXVIII<br />

msaxiobi<br />

maT dro aRar aqvT...<br />

– amboben, rom Zalian sada xar. Cacmis rogori<br />

stili mogwons da makiaJs Tu ikeTeb?<br />

– ar mesmis maTi, vinc quslian fexsacmels yoveldRiurad<br />

xmarobs, aqsesuarebs aisxavs, makiaJis gareSe<br />

ezoSic ki ar Cava da morTva–mokazmvis gareSe Tavs<br />

uformod myofad miiCnevs. ra saWiroa?gansxvavebul<br />

formaSi yofna speqtaklze, restoranSi an raime<br />

RonisZiebazea saWiro da ara – yoveldRiurad. saxeze<br />

mxolod gadaRebis dros mikeTben makiaJs. sportuli<br />

samosiT ki araTu mTl qalaqs Semovivli, aramed qasTingebzec<br />

ase davdivar, Tumca cudad nu gamigebT–da,<br />

aravis davuwunebivar...<br />

* * *<br />

salome kokuaSvili, romelsac deduleTi liaxvis<br />

xeobasTan akavSirebs, Zalian saintereso mosaubrea,<br />

Tavisufali da ukompleqso. moswavle–axalgazrdobas<br />

kargad axsovs, Tu ra didi wvlili Seitana man,<br />

jer kidev pirveli kursis studentma TamaraSenSi<br />

gamarTuli silamazis konkursis organizebaSi. rogorc<br />

dedamisi gveubneba, sul patara iyo salo, roca<br />

sakuTar, bavSvur problemebs damoukideblad wyvetda.<br />

9 wlis iyo, dedam aCabeTidan TbilisSi rom marto<br />

gagzavna da rodesac avtobusi mwyobridan gamovida,<br />

patara gogonam yvelas yuradReba miiqcia – aseve idga<br />

da elodeboda dedaqalaqisken mimival transports,<br />

rogorc – ufrosebi. 13 wlis iyo, marto gaemgzavra<br />

TurqeTSi gamarTul axalgazrdul festivalze, 17<br />

wlisam ki saberZneTSi imogzaura.<br />

misi naTlia, elene tabataZe, salos bavSvobas ixsenebs<br />

da amayobs, rom megobris qaliSvils iRbali da<br />

samomavlod kidev Zalian bevri warmateba daanaTla.<br />

20 wlis salomes iRblisac sjera da miaCnia, rom<br />

qali mxiaruli, komunikabeluri, megobruli da amave<br />

dros Wkviani unda iyos.<br />

esaubra nana kaxniaSvili


saintereo msoflio<br />

yvelaze saxifaTo<br />

`avtomagistrali~<br />

dedamiwaze<br />

`El Camino de la Muerte~ – ase hqvia yvelaze saxifaTo<br />

gzas dedamiwaze. igi boloviaSi mdebareobs da<br />

sigrZiT 56 mils aWarbebs. es gza, mimavali boliviis<br />

mTavar qalaq – lapasaSi, 1930-ian wlebSi paragvaelma<br />

samxedro tyveebma gaiyvanes. bevri maTgani mSeneblobisas<br />

daiRupa, axla ki ramodenime aseuli mgzavri<br />

iRupeba yovelwliurad. es saxeli gzam 1999 wlis<br />

dekemberSi miiRo, rodesac avtomanqana, romelSic rva<br />

israelis moqalaqe-turisti imyofeboda, xramSi gadaiCexa.<br />

rodesac zRvis donidan 3600 metris simaRlidan<br />

am arnaxul daRmarTebze iwyebT daSvebas 330<br />

metramde, mZRoli, romelic aqamde TiTqosda profesionali<br />

geCvenebodaT, iwyebs locvas da Tqvenc dainteresebuli<br />

garSemo iyurebiT da rwmundebiT, rom<br />

zustad is momenti dagidgaT cxovrebaSi, rodesac<br />

marTla unda ilocoT. Tqvens win, saocari simaRlidan,<br />

iSleba arnaxuli xedi. sadRac qvemoT, Cans patara,<br />

wvrili vercxlisferi Zafi. es mdinare koroikoa, romelic<br />

mieqaneba amazonisken. Tavad gza (Tuki SeiZleba<br />

mas ase ewodos) siganeSi sam metrs ar aRemateba.<br />

alag-alag ki ise viwrovdeba, rom ori manqana gverds<br />

ver uqcevs erTmaneTs. warmoudgenelia, magram es<br />

erTaderTi mTavari gza gaxlavT mikroavtobusebisa<br />

da avtomobilebisTvis.<br />

XXIX<br />

yvelaze msuqani<br />

mozardi<br />

Tineijerebs Tu hkiTxav, raze ocneboben da risi<br />

miRweva surT, umetesoba albaT ityvis, rom simdidre,<br />

msaxioboba, momRerloba an ubralod, popularoba<br />

surs. magram es ar exeba britanel mozards, jorjia<br />

deviss. misi erTaderTi ocnebaa, iyos normaluri, sxvebis<br />

msgavsad janmrTeli da bednieri.<br />

17 wlis asakSi gogona ukve 40 stounze (254 kg)<br />

mets iwonis, ramac aqcia britaneTis yvelaze msuqan<br />

mozardad. es ki, cxadia, janmrTelobis gauaresebasac<br />

iwvevs – jorjias gamudmebiT awuxebs muxlisa<br />

da zurgis tkivilebi. aseTi axalgazrduli asakis<br />

miuxedavad, mcireodeni manZilis gavlis Semdegac ki<br />

sunTqva uCqardeba da aqoSinebuli Cerdeba.<br />

gogonam yvelaze msuqani mozardis statusi 2 wlis<br />

winac moipova, magram maSin 45 kg-iT naklebs iwonida.<br />

mas SesTavazes aSS-is specialur banakSi gamgzavreba,<br />

sadac wonis daklebas moaxerxebda. marTlac, 9<br />

Tvianma reJimma mas 95 kg dauklo. magram gavida dro<br />

da aramarto daklebul wonas, aramed daklebamdel<br />

maCvenebelsac gadaaWarba.<br />

albaT gagikvirdebaT, rogor SeiZleba es moxdes?<br />

rogor SeiZleba gogona, romelic yoveldRe iyureba<br />

sarkeSi, xedavdes, rom misi garegnoba icvleba da amis<br />

SesaCereblad arafers akeTebdes? an ras akeTeben<br />

misi mSoblebi, roca aseT mkveTr cvlilebas xedaven?<br />

jorjia samxreT uelsis qalaq aberdarSi cxovrobs<br />

dedasTan da 73 wlis maminacvalTan, arturTan erTad.<br />

tansacmlis Sovna WarbwonianTa specialur maRazieb-<br />

Sic ki uWirs. jorjia Tavis simsuqneze aseT komentars<br />

akeTebs: `me yovelTvis mesmoda, rom Cemi wona<br />

Cemi saqmea, Cemi pasuxismgebloba. imaSi, rac moxda,<br />

arasodes aravis davadanaSauleb, garda sakuTari Tavisa.~<br />

Tumca Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom misi 55<br />

wlis dedac Warbwonianobiskenaa midrekili, cxadia,<br />

rom momxdarSi `damnaSave~ mxolod gulubryvilo<br />

mozardis daudevroba ver iqneba. lesli (deda) 108<br />

kg-s iwonis da Warbi woniT gamowveuli problemebis<br />

gamo ramdenime wina kbili dakarga. savaraudod, Svi-<br />

29


lis janmrTel kvebasac did yuradRebas ar aqcevda.<br />

jorjia RamiT erTmaneTze Setyupebul or sawolze<br />

iZinebs. simsuqnisa da avadmyofobis erT-erTi<br />

ZiriTadi mizezi Warbi raodenobiT tkbileulisa da<br />

fast food-is miRebaa, amas damatebuli isic, rom<br />

deda-Svili gamudmebiT eweva. dedis TqmiT, gogonam<br />

momateba 5 wlisam daiwyo, roca mamamisi gardaicvala<br />

38 wlis asakSi.<br />

`im periodSi Wama CemTvis erTaderTi siamovneba<br />

iyo, es komfortis SegrZnebas miqmnida. roca vWamdi,<br />

ufro naklebad ubeduri viyavi.~ amis gamo 10 wlis<br />

asakSi gogona 76 kg-s iwonida. dedamisis xelmeored<br />

daqorwinebam saqme ar gamoaswora – gogonas maminacvali<br />

asakSi Sesuli da avadmyofi iyo, amitom masze<br />

mzrunveloba isev dedis prerogativad darCa. dResdReobiT<br />

ki ase imarTlebs Tavs: `yovelTvis ver gaakontroleb,<br />

ras Wams Seni Svili.~ banakSi gamgzavrebisas<br />

misi dieta Sedgeboda oragulisgan, salaTebisgan,<br />

wiwilisa da bizonis mWle xorcisgan. amas emateboda<br />

seirnoba, CogburTis TamaSi da curva. Sedegi saxeze<br />

iyo – pirvelive kviras 10 kg-mde `daigdo~, 9<br />

TveSi ki 115 kg-ze Camovida. `es saocari SegrZneba<br />

iyo, me Cveulebriv cxovrebas vubrundebodi. mixaroda<br />

sarkeSi Caxedva, Cems saxeze dakvirveba. mjeroda, rom<br />

yvelaferi SesaZlebeli iyo.~<br />

amis Semdeg 3 TveSi isev unda mibrunebuliyo damatebiT<br />

40 kg-is dasaklebad, magram saxlSi misvlisas<br />

gaigo, rom mis maminacvals kibos diagnozi dausves<br />

da banakSi dabrunebaze uari ganacxada. ZiriTad dros<br />

oTaxSi Seketili atarebda da Wamda. `vfiqrobdi, rom<br />

TevziTa da CipsebiT ar movimatebdi, magram ase ar<br />

aRmoCnda.~ zafxulis bolos gogonam isev moimata<br />

20 kg-mde. gasuli wlis oqtomberSi misma wonam<br />

gadaaWarba banakSi wasvlamdel maCvenebels.<br />

aprilSi is 18-is xdeba – Sedis im asakSi, roca<br />

misi tolebi momavlis dagegmvas iwyeben, magram jorjias<br />

momavalze fiqri ar SeuZlia. misi erTaderTi<br />

survili momavalTan dakavSirebiT aris gaxdoma, ufro<br />

mcire zomis tanisamosis Cacma da quCaSi Tavisuflad,<br />

damoukideblad siaruli.<br />

30 XXX<br />

saintereo msoflio<br />

`gavaJe~ – mavritanuli<br />

tradicia<br />

yovel ersa da saxelmwifos Tavisi tradiciebi,<br />

wes–Cveulebebi, Sexedulebebi aqvs. Sesabamisad, sxvadasxva<br />

xalxebis gemovnebac gansxvavebulia. afrikis<br />

erT–erTi saxelmwifo – mavritania silamazis<br />

Taviseburi aRqmiT gamoirCeva. silamazis mTavari<br />

kriteriumi simsuqnea. rac ufro msuqania qali, miT<br />

ufro mimzidvelia yvelasaTvis. iseT Raribul qveyanaSi,<br />

rogorc mavritaniaa, simsuqne simdidris, janmrTelobis,<br />

bevri Svilebis da prestiJis niSania. simsuqne<br />

– warmatebuli qorwinebis winapirobaa.<br />

„gavaJe“ –es aris afrikuli tradicia, romlis mimdevrebic<br />

TavianT patara gognebs bavSvobidanve asuqeben.<br />

umetes SemTxvevaSi es iZulebiT xasiaTs atarebs.<br />

naxevradudabno qveyanaSi, sadac arc erTi „fastfood~–is<br />

obieqti ar aris, gasasuqebeli ZiriTadi<br />

sakvebi produqti axlamowvelili Zroxis rZea. gulisrevamde<br />

misul atirebul bavSvebs aiZuleben bolomde<br />

dalion sakmaod mozrdili rZiani jamebi. maT<br />

momavalze „mzrunveli“ dedebi xSirad awameben kidec<br />

sakuTar Svilebs – joxebiT fexebs ukraven da autanel<br />

tkivils ayeneben, sanam jami ar daicleba.<br />

erT–erTi aseTi dedis TqmiT, gogonebis gasuqeba<br />

maTive sasikeTod xdeba, raTa isini gaxdnen mimzidvelni<br />

mamakacebisTvis da iSovon kargi qmari, 5–7 wlidan<br />

unda dauwyon bavSvs gasuqeba, rom man gaTxovebamde<br />

moaswros sasurvel wonamde asvla. gamxdari qalebi<br />

Sidsis matareblebad iTvlebian, amitom bavSvovidanve<br />

unda Candes, rom gogonas gasuqeba SeuZlia. rogorc<br />

ki gogona sakmarisad „Camrgvaldeba“. SeuZlia „bednierad“<br />

gaTxovdes. asaks maincdamainc didi mniSvneloba<br />

ar aqvs. erT–erTi mavritanieli gogona deda<br />

10 wlis asakSi gaxda.<br />

`gavaJe~-ze gazrdili qalebiT eqimebi dainteresdnen.<br />

garda imisa, rom xSiria `Zvlebdamtvreuli~ pacientebi,<br />

maT saWmlis-momnelebeli sistemis seriozuli<br />

problemebi aqvT. adamianis uflebaTa dacvis saerTa-<br />

Soriso organizaciam mkacrad moTxova mavritaniis<br />

mTavrobas mieRo zomebi am „tradiciis“ aRsakveTad.<br />

Tumca religiur-kulturuli zne-Cveulebis aRmofxvra<br />

arc ise advili aRmoCnda da gavaJe dResac<br />

warmatebiT asuqebs xuTi wlis sarZloebs.


saintereo msoflio<br />

suris tomis<br />

ucnauri tradiciebi<br />

suri eTiopiaSi, sudanis sazRvarTan mobinadre tomia,<br />

romlis wevrebic ucnauri tradiciiT gamoirCevian:<br />

garkveul asakamde misvlisas gogonebi wina kbilebs<br />

iZroben, tuCs ixvreten da Sig TefSs ideben.<br />

aseve ixvreten yurebsac. tuCSi Cadebuli TefSis<br />

zoma droTa ganmavlobaSi izrdeba da zogjer diametrSi<br />

40 sm-s aRwevs. meoce saukunis bolos suris<br />

tomelebis raodenoba 20 000-s scdeboda. maT saku-<br />

Tari religia aqvT, hyavT cis RmerTi,saxelad tuma.<br />

sjeraT sulebis arsebobis da xSirad loculoben,<br />

atareben msxverplSewirvis ritualebs, raTa tumas<br />

aamon. aseve hyavT `wvimis momyvani~. es tituli memkvidreobiT<br />

gadaecema mxolod mamakacis Stos. roca<br />

wvima sWirdebaT, wvimis momyvani xeebis specifikuri<br />

jiSebidan foTlebs agrovebs, nayavs maT da zels.<br />

miRebul wvens miwas ureven, Semdeg wvimis momyvans<br />

usvamen tanze. es rituali rom dasruldeba, wesiT<br />

wvima unda movides.<br />

garda tuCis gaxvretisa, suris tomelebi zogjer<br />

sxeulze ikeTeben Wrilobebs. zogierT anTropologs<br />

miaCnia, rom amiT bavSvobidanve aCveven tkivilsa da<br />

sisxls. aravin icis, saidan da ratom daiwyo tuCSi<br />

TefSis Cadebis tradicia. zogi mkvlevari fiqrobs,<br />

rom maT istoriaSi iyo periodi, roca suris tomeli<br />

qalebi tyved mihyavdaT xolme, isini ki am gziT Tavs<br />

imaxinjebdnen. gogona gansazRvrul asaks rom miaRwevs,<br />

saWrel kbilebs aclian, joxiT zeda (iSviaTad<br />

qveda) tuCs uxvreten da uwelaven iqamde, rom Tixis<br />

patara TefSi Caetios.<br />

suris erT-erTma tomelma, saxelad nabalam BBC-is<br />

TanamSromelTan, brius parisTan saubrisas ganacxada:<br />

XXXI<br />

- arc maxsovs, tuCis gaxvreta rodis moxda. es<br />

Zalian didi xnis win iyo. es saqme TavianT Tavze<br />

Cemma Zmam da mamam aiRes. tuCi rom ar gamexvrita,<br />

ver gavTxovdebodi, arc Cemi ojaxi miiRebda saqonels<br />

(suris tomSi qali Sinaur cxovelebze icvleba). Cemi<br />

tuCi Zalian farToa, Sesabamisad did TefSs vatareb.<br />

am TefSis gamo 60 Sinauri cxovelis fasi maqvs. iSviaTia<br />

gogona, romelic TefSis Cadebaze uars ityvis.<br />

kidev erTi ucnauri tradicia WrilobebiT sxeulis<br />

damaxinjebaa. qalebi ekals irWoben kanSi da maRla<br />

weven mas, Semdeg ki aweul nawils samarTebliT Wrian.<br />

kanis moWril nawils agdeben, xorci SiSvldeba da<br />

am adgilas samudamod rCeba naWrilobevi. zogjer<br />

kacebic mimarTaven msgavs proceduras. es maSin xdeba,<br />

roca dapirispirebuli tomidan vinmes moklaven.<br />

Wrilobis forma sxvadasxvaa. magaliTad, suris erTerT<br />

jgufSi marjvena mklavze iWrian nalis formas<br />

imis saCveneblad, rom mamakaci mokles, xolo Tu qali<br />

mokles, marcxenaze ikeTeben.<br />

piTonma fexmZime<br />

cxvari gadaylapa<br />

rogorc Cans, aseTi raRacebi marto filmebSi ar<br />

xdeba.<br />

2006 wlis 15 seqtembers malaiziis erT-erT<br />

sofelSi, kampung iaborSi gamoZaxebul saxanZro brigadas<br />

albaT maTTvis yvelaze uCveulo situacia daxvdaT.<br />

6 metramde sigrZis piTons fexmZime cxvari gadaeylapa.<br />

igi Sua gzaze iwva, verc adgilidan iZvroda<br />

da sadilic verafriT moenelebina.<br />

roca mexanZreebi mis Sepyrobas Seecadnen, gvels<br />

SeeSinda, sadili ukan amoanTxia da mxolod maSinRa<br />

SeZlo adgilidan daZruliyo.<br />

gvelebis umetesoba msxverplis paralizebisTvis<br />

Sxams iyenebs, Tumca, piToni maT ricxvs ar ganekuTvneba,<br />

igi msxverpls jer gudavs da Semdeg ylapavs,<br />

ris Semdegac nel-nela amuSavebs mas.<br />

Tumca, malaizieli piTonisTvis fexmZime cxvari metismetad<br />

didi lukma aRmoCnda.<br />

31


70 weli wylisa da<br />

sakvebis gareSe<br />

pralada jani miCveulia cxovrebas mSieri kuWiT.<br />

is amtkicebs rom sasicocxlo Zalebs kosmosidan<br />

iRebs.<br />

Tavdapirvelad eqimebma moxuci TaRliTad miiCnies<br />

Tumca misi gasinjvis Semdeg skeptikosebi sxvanairad<br />

alaparakdnen. unikaluri iogi moaTavses palataSi<br />

eqimebis mudmivi meTvalyureobis qveS. pirvelive<br />

gamokvlevis Sedegebma eqimTa undobloba gaaqarwyla<br />

da axla isini cdiloben gaarkvion SeiZleba Tu<br />

ara sxva adamianebmac iswavlon cxovreba wylisa da<br />

sakvebis gareSe.<br />

82 wlis pralada janis TqmiT is wylisa da<br />

sakvebis gareSe cxovrobs ukve 70 welze metia, 8<br />

wlis asakSi rodesac is dawanwalebda da cxovrobda<br />

gamoqvabulSi indusebis taZris gverdiT estumra<br />

qalRmerTi amba. mas Seecoda oboli da daasaCuqra<br />

igi am araCveulebrivi SesaZleblobiT. mas Semdeg sicocxlis<br />

SesanarCuneblad mas yofnis mxolod ori<br />

wveTi jadosnuri neqtrisa, romelsac yoveldRe ugzavnis<br />

qalRmerTi zecaSi mdebare gansakuTrebuli<br />

gziT, swavlulebs amze jer komentari ar gaukeTebiaT<br />

miTumetes jer es gansakuTrebuli gzac ver upoviaT.<br />

palataSi sadac srul izolaciaSi ukve kviraze<br />

metia wevs iogi damontaJebulia, ramdenime saTvalTvalo<br />

kamera mTeli am drois ganmavlobaSi, mas arc<br />

araferi uWamia da arc araferi daulevia. yoveldRe<br />

qqimebi cdiloben aRmoaCinon sul mcire Sedegi<br />

mainc organizmis SimSilisa magrama amaod moxucs<br />

wonaSi odanvi daklebac ki ar aReniSneba. gamokvlevebma<br />

aCvena rom 82 wlis moxucis tvinis ujredebi<br />

arafriT Camouvardeba 25 wlis axalgazrdis<br />

tvinis mdgomareobas. misi sxeulic uCveulod Zlieri<br />

da axalgazrdulia<br />

sudxir Saxi. eqimi nevrologi<br />

32 XXXII<br />

saintereo msoflio<br />

vfiqrob saqme namdvil saswaulTan gvaqvs. im 108<br />

saaTis ganmavlobaSi, rac Cven hospitalSi imyofeba mas<br />

araferi uWamia ar miuRia arcerTi wveTi siTxe da<br />

ar gasula sapirfareSoSi. yovelive es ki mecnierebis<br />

winaSe rbilad rom vTqvaT rTul kiTxvebs svams. adamianma<br />

SeiZleba icocxlos wylisa da sakvebis gareSe<br />

3,4,7 gawi-gamowi 12 dRe. mocemuli SemTxveva ki unikaluri<br />

fenomenia.<br />

fiziologebi, bioqimikosebi molekuluri biologiis<br />

warmomadgenlebi, romlebic swavloben baton janis<br />

irwmunebian, rom iogiT dakavebam miiyvana misi sxeuli<br />

biologiur cvlilebebamde. Tavad jani ki rogorc<br />

ukve aRvniSne am yvelafers qalRmerT ambavs miawers,<br />

romelmac misca mas sasicocxlo Zala.<br />

eqimebi imedovneben rom es SemTxveva maT saSualebas<br />

miscems aRmoaCinon meTodi rac admianebs daexareba<br />

eqstremalur situaciebSi sakvebisa da sasmelis<br />

gareSe gadarCenaSi.<br />

fhuketis<br />

vegetarianuli<br />

festivali<br />

mTvaris kalendris mecxre Tvis pirvel saRamos<br />

Cineli xalxi religiuri Temebidan miemgzavreba<br />

fhuketSi, tailandSi. isini monawileoben mimdinare<br />

dResaswaulSi, romelic cxra dRe grZeldeba. festivals<br />

vegetarianuli ewodeba. festivalis dros<br />

momlocvelebi Tavs ikaveben xorcis Wamisgan, alkoholis<br />

miRebisgan, seqsisgan da ginebisgan. es praqtika<br />

Seqmnilia imisTvis, rom marTon boroti sulebi, raTa<br />

uzrunvelyon jamrTeloba da mSvidoba es rituali<br />

TariRdeba adreuli mecxramete saukuniT, rodesac<br />

1825 wels Cinuri operis jgufi ewvia qalaq katus<br />

tailandSi, Cineli maRaroelebis gasarTobaT, romlebic<br />

iq muSaobdnen. jgufis wevrebs daemarTaT malaria,<br />

xolo daavadebis samarTavad, maT mimarTes vegetarianul<br />

dietas.<br />

festivalis dros aTasobiT adamiani ixvretavs<br />

sxvadasxva nawils sxeulisas, gansakuTrebiT loyebs,<br />

dadian cxel naxSirze, yvela uxmobs RmerTs. iTvleba,<br />

rom es adamianebi miiReben RvTaebriv kurTxevas,<br />

da imitom isini ar ganicdian seriozul sisxldenas,<br />

infeqcias da mniSvnelovan naiarevs. yovelwliurad<br />

TviTdasaxiCreba ufro da ufro saSineli xdeba,<br />

radgan monawileebi am ritualis uCveulo nivTebiT<br />

ixvreten sxeulis sxvadasxva nawilebs.


poezia<br />

yvelaferi kargad iqneba<br />

nu daecemi Tavs nu itanjav<br />

tanjva yovelTvis fiqriT iwyeba<br />

ifiqre kargi da dainaxe<br />

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

rogorc iswavli samyaros xedvas<br />

Seni cxovrebac ise iqneba,<br />

guls nu gaitex, gwamdes ufalis<br />

da yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

ytuil-ubralod Relva da SiSi<br />

gana ver atyob, rom ar gixdeba<br />

nu SiSob, uflis iwame marad,<br />

da yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

roca vardebi depresiaSi<br />

da Seni tanjva atyob iwyeba,<br />

maSin mouxme TviT STagonebas,<br />

Tqvi yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

romc dagarwmunon, Sen iRupebi<br />

Seni sicocxlis wuTi iTvleba,<br />

rwmenas mouxme da Sen ixilav,<br />

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

Tu codvebi gaqvs, suliT daeci<br />

RmerTi ar gtovebs, Sensken ixreba<br />

is mowyalea, yvela codvilis<br />

da yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

rodesac imeds azri aRar aqvs<br />

da Seni guli boRmiT ivseba,<br />

erTaderTia rac gadagarCens<br />

Tqvi yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

didi niWia TavSekaveba<br />

niWiT sibnele naTliT icvleba,<br />

roca am niWs flob, Sen ukve ici<br />

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

roca irwmuneb sityvebis Zalas<br />

da es sityvebi, SenTvis ifrqveva<br />

sxvebs auxseni da STaagone<br />

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

rodis iqneba? rogor iqneba?<br />

roca kiTxvebi gulSi ismeba,<br />

nu ufiqrdebi, uazro kiTxvebs,<br />

RmerTis wyalobiT<br />

sulyvelaferi kargad iqneba!<br />

vinaidan leqsis avtori ar viciT, redaqcia bodiSs<br />

ixdis unebarTvod gamoqveynebisTvis.<br />

dedas<br />

Sen gagiTeTrda Tmebi mas ukan,<br />

Zvirfaso kabas ki...<br />

erTi morCi SerCa susaubris...<br />

dezTa wkaruniT<br />

gagiwvevda qalwulT husarni<br />

da did darbazSi Weqda mazurka...<br />

rokavdnen wyvilni,<br />

viT gedebi, iisfer tbaSi...<br />

brwyinvale kandelTa<br />

hgavda brwyinvas varskvlavT miriadT...<br />

XXXIII<br />

Smagi sinaTle<br />

Tvals sWrida mkerdze briliants<br />

da iagunda tiroda TmaSi...<br />

lamazi kaba iasamnis surnels akmenda,<br />

ecileboda<br />

TviT sanTelTac ubrwyinvales Suqs...<br />

maRali mxrebi imSvenebdnen indur abreSums...<br />

brinjaos qalia<br />

sul SiSveli idga sarkesTan...<br />

Sen gagiTeTrda Tmebi mas ukan<br />

da Zvirfasi kabas<br />

erTi morCi SerCa susambis...<br />

Seyvarebulni odes qarebi...<br />

iasamani svel kibeebTan<br />

raze fiqrobda?<br />

misi gaZrcvili rto, uyvavilo,<br />

qars ar mihqonada...<br />

guldaxuruli<br />

misi rtoebi<br />

Tavs Zirs ixridnen...<br />

Seyvarebulni odes qarebi<br />

muxls ar iyridnen...<br />

ukve zizRi da sicive krToda<br />

maTi TvalebiT...<br />

rogor gulgrilad,<br />

o, ra gulgrilad<br />

qrodnen qarebi...<br />

1954 Semodioda CvenSi kalanda<br />

da me vigoneb CaxlarTul Robes,<br />

serebs Tovlians...<br />

xmobda qaTami guriis sofels,<br />

yefda Tolia...<br />

idga bermuxa RamismTevari<br />

TovlSi nabdiTa...<br />

diliT misdevda serze mwevari<br />

nakvlevs nadirTa...<br />

qari Tvreboda RviniT naqebiT<br />

grZneul maranTan...<br />

Semodioda CiCilakebiT<br />

CvenSi kalanda...<br />

1945<br />

aspinZas midis mefe erekle...<br />

aspinZas midis mefe erekle,<br />

TaTarze mihyavs qarTlis laSqari...<br />

gadaiares beber xerTvisTan,<br />

saaTabagos mtveri aSales...<br />

ukan datives Zveli awyuri –<br />

isic mravali brZolis momlevi...<br />

bevri mteri gyavs, dido mefeo,<br />

aravinaa Seni momrevi!<br />

mze brwyinavs Seni laSqris marjvenas,<br />

mze kelaptarobs imaT maxvilze...<br />

sul gamarjvebiT, ZveliT, mxedrebo,<br />

esmodes miwas Tqveni Zaxili;<br />

Sen gagimarjos, xalxis laSqaro,<br />

qarTlis xseneba rom ar waSale!..<br />

gadaiares beber xerTvisTan,<br />

saaTabagos mtveri aSales.<br />

ana kalandaZe<br />

33


astroprognozi<br />

5 maisis - 5 ivnisi, astrologiuri prognozi<br />

verZi _ imis mixedviT, Tu ramdenad SesZlebT sayvarel<br />

adamianTan srulfasovan da damoukidebel<br />

urTierTobis Seqmnas, iqneba<br />

damokidebuli Tqveni ganwyobaca da saqmeebSi<br />

warmatebac. sazogadoebrivi saqmeebi<br />

uamrav dros wagarTmevT, amitom<br />

xSirad ganmartovdiT, raTa rigianad<br />

modundeT da daisvenoT. es xelsayreli droa uZrav<br />

qonebasTan dakavSirebuli saqmeebisaTvis. ucxoelebTan<br />

kavSiri SesaZloa perspeqtiuli mivlinebiT dasruldes.<br />

kuro _ xelmZRvanel pirebTan SesaZloa daiZabos<br />

urTierToba, amitom axals nurafers<br />

moimoqmedebT. CaatareT kvlevebi, Tumca<br />

eqstremalur situaciebSi sjobs<br />

mSvidad da damajereblad imoqmedoT.<br />

dro dauTmeT bavSvebsa da ojaxis<br />

wevrebs, raTa maTac igrZnon Tqveni mzrunveloba.<br />

Tavdajerebuloba dagexmarebaT rogorc sasiyvarulo<br />

urTierTobaSi, ise materialuri dovlaTis mogrovebaSi.<br />

tyupebi _ uari TqviT azartul TamaSebze da imoqmedeT<br />

megobrebTan SeTanxmebiT. dadebiTad<br />

warimarTeba urTierToba ucxoelebTan,<br />

oRond dagWirdebaT moTminebisa da yuradRebis<br />

gamaxvileba. kargi iqneba Tu am<br />

periodSi ixelmZRvanelebT intuiciiT.<br />

araxelsayreli periodia qorwinebisTvis, amitom pirad<br />

cxovrebaSi nu aCqardebiT. axali STabeWdilebebis<br />

survilis gamo bevr dros gaatarebT mogzaurobasa an<br />

gadaadgilebebSi.<br />

kirCxibi _ gaaanalizeT sakuTari qcevebi, raTa ar<br />

dauSvaT adrindeli Secdomebi. es periodi<br />

araxelsayrelia azartuli TamaSebisa da<br />

gamoucdel partniorebTan TanamSromlobisaTvis.<br />

nebismier sakiTxTan mimarTebaSi<br />

daiokeT eiforia, raTa yvelafris mimarT<br />

gulgrili ar gaxdeT. daicaviT ojaxuri<br />

tradiciebi da Tavs ufro daculad igrZnobT. naTesavebi<br />

ki dagexmarebian saqorwino da sasiyvarulo urTierTobebis<br />

daregulirebaSi.<br />

lomi _ Tqveni popularoba gaizrdeba ucxoelTa<br />

Soris, ramac momavalSi SeiZleba<br />

kargi Semosavali mogitanoT. sesxis<br />

aRebis procedura gamartivdeba,<br />

xolo finansuri mdgomareoba gamoswordeba.<br />

dadebiTi emociebi da<br />

stabiluri mdgomareoba ki dagexmrebaT saqmeebis momgebianad<br />

dasrulebaSi. moqmedebisas nu gamoiyenebT farul<br />

da ukanono meTodebs. ucxoeTidan miRebuli informacia<br />

an daxmareba Zalze drouli iqneba.<br />

qalwuli _ xelmZRvaneli pirebisa an zemdgomi<br />

organoebisgan mosalodnelia zewola,<br />

amitom gagiWirdebaT gadawyvetilebis<br />

miReba. winaaRmdegobebis<br />

gadalaxva gagiadvildebaT Tu intuicias<br />

daujerebT da windaxedulad<br />

imoqmedebT. sasiyvarulo urTier-<br />

TobebSi metad momTmeni da taqtiani<br />

iyaviT. SeZlebisdagvarad gadadeT mogzauroba, raTa<br />

saxlidan Sors ar gagiuaresdeT janmrTelobis mdgomareoba.<br />

saswori _ nu CaereviT sxvis saqmeSi da monaw-<br />

34 XXXIV<br />

ileobas nu miiRebT kamaTsa da diskusiebSi,<br />

raTa aman emociuri foni<br />

ar gagimuqoT. gamoswordeba finansuri<br />

mdgomareoba da bavSvebTan Tama-<br />

Sisa da garTobis xalisi gagiCndebaT.<br />

sworad gaTvlili saubrebis Sedegad<br />

SesZlebT Zveli sasiyvarulo urTierTobis gamosworebas.<br />

kargi droa mravalricxvovani kavSirebis damyarebisa<br />

da saqmiani mogzaurobebisaTvis.<br />

morieli _ droa garkveul siamovnebaze TqvaT<br />

uari da daiviwyoT mavne Cvevebi da<br />

komleqsebi. sasiyvarulo partniorTan<br />

urTierTobisas sjobs Tavi aaridoT<br />

saWirboroto sakiTxebis ganxilvas,<br />

radgan Zalzed dabneuli iqnebiT da araseriozul STabe-<br />

Wdilebas datovebT. axalma adamainebma da Sexvedrebma<br />

SesaZloa goneba gadagiRaloT. daRlilobis dasaZlevad<br />

meti dro gaatareT bavSvebTan, sayvarel adamianTan an<br />

megobrebTan erTad.<br />

mSvildosani _ SesaZloa aucilebeli gaxdes<br />

kvalifikaciis amaRleba. es mSvenieri<br />

periodia codnis misaRebad an gasagrZeleblad.<br />

gaumjobesebas daiwyebs<br />

materialuri mdgomareobac. muSaobisas<br />

daRlas ver igrZnobT, Tumca Tqveni<br />

organizmis rezervebi usazRvro araa<br />

da drodadro sasurvelia SeisvenoT. samsaxureobrivi<br />

romani zedmet problemebs SegiqmniT isedac daZabul<br />

ojaxur urTierTobaSi.<br />

Txis rqa _ zedmiwevniT SeamowmeT yvela sabu-<br />

Ti da ar daujeroT Worebs. bevr<br />

xalxTan urTierToba damRleli<br />

iqneba. megobrebTan erTad dawyebuli<br />

saqme ki Zalzed perspeqtiuli. axal<br />

sferoSi ganaTlebis miReba an Zvelis<br />

gaRrmaveba momavalSi damatebiT<br />

Semosavals giqadiT. sayvarel adamianTan<br />

an meuRlesTan urTierTobas gamocda elis:<br />

Tu Tavs aaridebT konfliqtebs, advilad SeinarCunebT<br />

Zvirfas urTierTobas.<br />

merwyuli _ piradi problemebi TqvenTvis umniSvnelovanes<br />

adgils daikavebs, amitom<br />

yvela sxva saqme ukana planze<br />

gadava, ramac SesaZloa kolegebisa da<br />

xelmZRvaneli pirebis ukmayofileba<br />

gamoiwvios. ecadeT metad pedanturi<br />

iyoT axali partnorebis SerCevisas da nu SegeSindebaT<br />

SesaZlo cvlilebebis. ojaxiswevrebTan da sayvarel<br />

adamianTan urTierTobisas wyenas gulSi nu<br />

CaidebT, radgan es cudad aisaxeba Tqvens janmrTelobaze.<br />

sxva qlaqSi mogzauroba da axal xalxTan<br />

urTierToba met xaliss SegmatebT.<br />

Tevzebi _ megobrebisa da axloblebis wreSi<br />

gatarebuli dro erTi-orad SegmatebT<br />

silaRes, oRond spirtian sasmelebs nu<br />

mietanebiT. meti iocnebeT raTa icodeT<br />

rodis da risken gindaT swrafva.<br />

sasiyvarulo sfero gagaxarebT Tavisi<br />

stabilurobiTa da simSvidiT. saqmeebSi warmoqmnili<br />

gaugebrobebis gamo bevrjer mogiwevT gegmebis Secvla,<br />

rac sakmaod damRleli aRmoCndeba, amitom kargi<br />

iqneba, Tu periodulad mainc SeisvenebT.

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