Untitled

kheoba.ge

Untitled

qurTis municipalitetis

sagamomcemlo dawesebuleba

`xeobis macne~

damfuZneblebi:

qurTis municipaliteti

direqtori:

lali romelaSvili

899 25 29 18

E-mail: contact@kheoba.ge

eleqtronuli versia

www.kheoba.ge

redaqtori

nino CibCiuri

899 48 62 77

koreqtori:

neli darbaiZe

saredaqcio kelegia:

nana kaxniaSvili

898 46 06 04

nino kasraZe

898 91 69 62

eka ecataZe

851 44 66 29

nino beruaSvili

897 15 12 45

buRalteri:

gia basiSvili

855 32 22 07

Jurnali

`liaxvis xeoba~ gamoicema

Sps `sagamomcemlo saxli

qarTuli elita~-s

mier

Jurnali xelmZRvanelobs

Tavisufali

presis principebiT.

redaqcia pasuxs ar

agebs ucxouri presidan

gadmoTargmnili

masalebis, faqtebis,

informaciis sizusteze.

redaqciaSi

Semosuli masalebi

avtorebs ar ubrundebaT.

masalis sizusteze

pasuxismgebelia avtori.

misamarTi: q. gori, verxvebis

Casaxleba. (aRmaSeneblis #89/24

tel.: (+99532) 91-00-84

III

a T i m c n e b a

1. me var ufali RmerTi Seni, da ara iyvnen Senda RmerTni ucxoni, Cemsa gareSe.

2. ara hqmne Tavisa Senisa kerpi, arca yovladve msgavsi, raodeni ars caTa Sina ze,

da raodeni ars qveyanasa zeda qve, da raodeni ars wyalTa Sina qveSe qveyanisa: ara

Tayvani-sce maT, arca msaxurebde maT.

3. ara moiRo saxeli uflisa RvTisa Senisa amaosa zeda.

4. moixsene dRe igi SabaTi da wmida-hyav igi: eqvs dRe iqmode, da hqmne maT Sina

yovelive saqme Seni, xolo dRe igi meSvide SabaTi ars uflisa RvTisa Senisa.

5. pativ-ec mamasa Sensa da dedasa Sensa, raTa keTili geyos Sen da dRegrZel iyo

qveyanasa zeda.

6. ara kac-hkla.

7. ar imruSo.

8. ar iparo.

9. ara cili-swamo moyvassa Sensa wamebiTa cruiTa.

10. ara guli giTqmides colisaTvis moyvasisa Senisa, ara guli giTqmides saxlisaTvis

moyvasisa Senisa, arca yanisa misisa, arca karaulisa misisa, arca yovlisa

sacxovarisa misisa, arca yovlisa misTvis, raica iyves moyvasisa Senisa.

s a r C e v i

politika

ruseTTan gauqmebuli

xelSekruleba da

saqarTvelo-somxeTis

urTierToba gv.4 koba

subeliani parlamentis

sxdomaze gv.5=

siaxleebi

devnilebma sasoflosameurneo

teqnika miiRes,

devnilebma sagazafxulod

xvna-Tesva daiwyes gv.6

konfliqtis zona

incidenti cxinvalSi gv.7

sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis

Tema sofel ergneTSi,

incidenti cxinvalis centrSi,

kokiTi - samxreT oseTisa da

afxazeTis damoukideblobis

aRiarebas kidev erTi qveyana

apirebs, `komersanti~ -

ruseTsa da afxazeTs Soris

teritoriuli dava ar cxreba,

cxinvalSi saprotesto aqcia

daSales gv.8 cxinvalSi

gatarebuli 18-dRiani

tyveobis detalebi gv.9

okupirebul teritoriaze

arsebuli saflavebi

Wirisuflebis gareSe,

cxinvalidan devnili

deda dakarguli Svilis

kvaldakval gv.10

istoriuli faqtebis

gayalbebis morigi mcdeloba

cxinvalSi gv.11

devnilTaA cxovreba

xeobelebi wilkanSic

cxovroben gv.12

mogvarebuli sakiTxi

sazogadoebrivi problema

yvelam erTad movagvaroT,

gamwvanebis aqcia werovanSi,

SaumianSi sasmeli wylis

problema mogvarebulia gv.14

sporti

lelos gaitanen, male saTaveSi

moeqcevian gv.15

samaCablos da fexburTis

siyvaruliT gv.16

ganaTleba

giorgi sosiaSvili:

disciplina, patiosneba da

profesionalizmi gv.17

sxva da sxva

nikoloz oTinaSvili

cxinvalis gamocemebs

specialur werils

umzadebs, axalgazrdebis

roli konfliqtebis

daregulirebisa da

urTierTobebis damyarebebSi

gv.19

isev anTroponimebis anu

gvarebis Sesaxeb, sul male

taZris kurTxeva moxdeba

gv.20

religia

saswauli sveticxovelSi gv.21

qvelmoqmedeba

gavagrZelebT aqciebs,

saqarTvelos yvela

did qalaqs movivliT

da Tanamoazreebsac

SemovierTebT gv.22

eqimis rCevebi

`Zlevamosili da uZleveli

zeciuri mxedari~, eqimi

gvirCevs qurTidan -

werovnamde gv.24

siyvaruli da rCevebi

siyvarulis dRe kodaSi,

rCevebi siyvarulze gv.25

cirki

Sapito - anu moZravi cirki

gv.26

msaxiobi

salome kokuaSvili:

gaTxovebas ar vapireb gv.27

saintereso msoflio gv.29

poezia gv.33

horoskopi gv.34

3


84 momxre, 0-is winaaRmdeg -

kenWisyris aseTi SedegiT gaauqma

19 aprils saqarTvelos parlamentma

ruseTisa da saqarTvelos

mier xelmowerili xelSekruleba

saqarTvelos teritoriis gavliT

rusuli samxedro bazebisTvis

personalisa da samxedro tvirTis

tranzitis organizebis Taobaze.

ras cvlis xelSekrulebis gauqmeba

somxeTSi moqmedi ruseTis samxedro

bazisTvis da ratom gaxda

saWiro aseTi nabijis gadadgma?

Tavdapirvelad vTqvaT, rom, 2006

wlis 31 martiT daTariRebuli

xelSekrulebis safuZvelze, ruseTs

ufleba hqonda gamoeyenebina

saqarTvelos rogorc saxmeleTo,

aseve sahaero sivrce somxeTis

teritoriaze moqmedi Tavisi samxedro

bazis mosamarageblad. giumris

bazisken swored saqarTvelos

gavliT xdeboda tvirTebis, samxedro

teqnikisa Tu piradi Semadgenlobis

tranziti. saqarTvelo

sakuTari interesebidan gamodis,

magram es exeba somxeTis interesebsac,

radgan, bolos da bolos,

baza xom somxeTis teritoriaze

mdebareobs...19 aprils, rodesac

xsenebuli xelSekrulebis gauqmebis

Taobaze prezident saakaSvilis

iniciativa warudgina parlaments,

sagareo saqmeTa ministris

moadgilem nino kalandaZem aRniSna,

rom xelSekrulebis gauqmeba ruse-

Tis mxridan 2008 wels da Semdgom

gamovlenili agresiiT aris nakarnaxevi

da rom am nabijis safuZveli

politikuri mizanSewonilobaa.

marTalia, xelSekrulebis moqmedebis

5-wliani vada noemberSi

iwureba da saqarTveloc axla winaswar

iWers misi argagrZelebis

Tadarigs, magram, rogorc nino kalandaZe

ambobs, xelSekruleba ukve

TiTqmis 3 weliwadia mainc aRar

muSaobs: `ruseTma 2008 wlis ivlisSi

mogvmarTa bolos nebarTvaze

da saqarTvelos xelisuflebamac

swored maSin gasca bolo

nebarTva. xolo Semdeg momarTvaze

ruseTis federaciam saqarTvelos

xelisuflebisgan ukve uari miiRo.

da mas Semdeg ruseTis federacias,

rogorc aseTi, aRarc moumarTavs.~

ra alternatiuli gzebi gamonaxa

2008 wlis Semdeg ruseTma da ra

gzebiT maragdeba amJamad giumris

baza, es jerjerobiT gaurkvevelia.

amasTan dakavSirebiT informacias

ar flobs erevneli eqsperti,

erovnuli da strategiuli kvlevebis

centris xelmZRvaneli

manvel sarqisiani; magram imas, rom

saqarTvelom 19 aprils gadadgmuli

nabijiT xelSekrulebis xelaxla

amoqmedebis Teoriuli Sansic

ki gaauqma, somexi analitikosi

`sakmaod seriozul gadawyvetilebas~

uwodebs. mis mier moxmobili

logikiT, am nabijma garkveulwilad

somxeTis interesebic

daazarala. am RonisZiebis mizania

piradi Semadgenlobis gadayvanisa

da samxedro teqnikis miwodebis

Seferxeba giumris bazisTvis...~

mesmis saqarTvelos interesi,

rodesac ruseTTan mimarTebiT axdens

nivelirebas msgavsi nabijebiTac.

ra Tqma unda, saqarTvelo

sakuTari interesebidan gamodis,

magram es exeba somxeTis interesebsac,

radgan, bolos da bolos,

baza xom somxeTis teritoriaze

mdebareobs. `giumris bazis amJamindeli

momaragebis gzebsa da

meTodebze arafers ambobs, magram,

somexi analitikosis msgavsad, saqarTvelos

mier gadadgmul nabijs

situaciis garTulebis konteqstSi

ganixilavs cnobili rusi analitikosi

aleqsandr golci:“ cxadia,

rom am RonisZiebis mizania piradi

Semadgenlobis gadayvanisa da samxedro

teqnikis miwodebis Seferxeba

giumris bazisTvis... neba momeciT

SegaxsenoT, rom ruseTis samxedro

armia didwilad wvevamdelebiT

aris dakompleqtebuli. gamodis,

rom piradi Semadgenloba am bazaze

6-TveSi erTxel icvleba da

4 IV

politika

ruseTTan gauqmebuli xelSekruleba da

saqarTvelo-somxeTis urTierToba

rTuli SemTxveva iqneba, Tuki amis

gakeTeba SeuZlebeli aRmoCndeba...~

msgavsi Sinaarsis komentarebis

fonze, bevrisTvis saeWvoa, rom

saqarTvelos Tavdacvis ministris

baCo axalaias viziti somxeTSi

droSi, ubralod, daemTxva saqarTvelos

gadawyvetilebas gaeuqmebina

didwilad swored somxeTis interesebSi

Semavali xelSekruleba.

aseT eWvze laparakobs irakli

aladaSvilic, samxedro Jurnal

`arsenalis~ mTavari redaqtori:

`SeiZleba qarTulma mxarem mosinja,

erevnis reaqcia rogori Sei-

Zleba yofiliyo am nabijTan dakav-

SirebiT. Cven ar unda dagvaviwydes,

rom somxeTi da ruseTi samxreT

kavkasiaSi strategiuli partniorebi

arian da maT aqvT dadebuli

ormxrivi Tavdacvis xelSekruleba,

romlis mixedviTac maT SeuZliaT

daexmaron erTmaneTs omSi.~

irakli aladaSvili ixsenebs im

xelSekrulebis Sinaarss, romelic

ruseTma da somxeTma 2010 wlis

agvistoSi gaaformes da romlis

mixedviTac, ruseTis bazas moqmedebis

vada 2044 wlamde gauxangrZlivda.imas,

rom saqarTvelos

Tavdacvis ministris vizitisas

xelSekrulebis mosalodneli

gauqmebis Temazec aucileblad

ilaparakebdnen, aseve varaudobs

erevneli analitikosi manvel sarqisiani.

Tumca, misi TqmiT, axalaias

vizitis Sesaxeb somxeTSi Zalian

mwiri informacia gavrcelda. rac

Seexeba saqarTvelos parlamentis

19 aprilis gadawyvetilebas, mas

jerjerobiT ar mohyolia somxeTisa

da ruseTis mxridan oficialuri

gancxadebebi.


politika

koba subeliani _ parlamentis sxdomaze

qveynis umaRlesi sakanonmdeblo organos wevrebma,

„samTavrobo kvireulis“ farglebSi, okupirebuli

teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,

gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministr koba subelians

mousmines.okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT

gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa

ministrma, koba subelianma detalurad isaubra ganxorcielebul

RonisZiebebze. im sakmaod mZime memkvidreobis

fonze, romelic dRevandelma xelisuflebam

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa mdgomareobasTan

dakavSirebiT miiRo, ministris TqmiT, viTareba dRes

mniSvnelovnad gamosworebulia, Tumca, saministros,

mTlianad mTavrobas, parlamentis daxmarebiT, viTarebis

sabolood gamosworebisaTvis kidev didi Zalisxmevis

gamoCena mouwevs.rogorc koba subelianma

ganacxada, warmatebiT xorcieldeba devnilTaTvis

saxelmwifo obieqtebis sakuTrebaSi gadacemis da

maTTvis sacxovrebeli binebis dakanonebis procesi.

bolo sami wlis ganmavlobaSi qveynis masStabiT

TiTqmis 22 aTas ojaxamde dakmayofilebulia biniT, 5

267 ki - alternatiuli TanxiT. eseni arian rogorc

afxazeTidan, aseve samaCablodan devnilebi. sul dakanonebulia

620 obieqti, maTgan 277 - TbilisSi, 343

ki - raionebSi. ministris informaciiT, mniSvnelovnad

mowesrigda devnilTaTvis eleqtroenergiis miwodebisa

da gamricxvelianebis sakiTxi, dadebiTad wydeba gaziT

momaragebis sakiTxic. aqcenti aRebulia devnilTa

sacxovrebeli obieqtebis garemontebaze da maTTvis

sacxovrebeli pirobebis gaumjobesebaze. mTel am

process donori organizaciebi uweven monitorings.

saministros saqmianobis prezentaciisas, deputatebs

slaidebis naxvis saSualebac hqondaT, sadac TvalnaTliv

Canda am uwyebis xelmZRvanelobiT ganxorcielebuli

proeqtebi: sad, ra viTarebaSi cxovrobdnen

devnilebi da rogoria axla maTi sacxovrebeli pirobebi.

620 dakanonebuli obieqtidan 343 ukve garemontebulia.

„dRes xalxi ukeTes pirobebSi cxovrobs

vidre adre. wina xelisuflebas mciredi mainc

rom gaekeTebina 17 wlis ganmavlobaSi, devnilebi ase

gausaZlis yofaSi dRes ar iqnebodnen,“ - ganacxada

koba subelianma, Tumca man isic dasZina, rom gasakeTebeli

jer kidev bevria. saqarTvelos teritoriaze

257 aTasi iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli piri imyofeba,

rac daaxloebiT 80 aTasi ojaxia. rogorc ministrma

Tqva, devnilTaTvis samuSao adgilebis Seqmnazec

zrunaven, raSic partniori organizaciebi exmarebian.

ministri fiqrobs, rom donori organizaciebisa da

mTavrobis erToblivi muSaobiT, nel-nela am problemasac

moagvareben. ministrma samomavlo gegmebsa da

saqmianobis prioritetebze saubrisas ganacxada, rom

kidev bevria usaxlkaro devnili. maTTvis moZiebuli

aqvT 100-mde obieqti, romelTa proeqtirebac mimdinareobs

da sacxovrebel binebad maTi gadakeTebis Sesaxeb

mais-ivnisSi tenders gamoacxadeben. „jer kidev

bevri adamiani imyofeba gausaZlis mdgomareobaSi da

swored esaa Cveni safiqrali. samwuxarod, erT dReSi

ver keTdeba yvelaferi, magram Cven Zalasa da energias

ar daviSurebT imisaTvis, rom yvelas gavuumjobesoT

sacxovrebeli pirobebi“, - ganacxada koba subelianma.

ministrma ekomigrantebzec gaamaxvila yuradReba da

V

aRniSna, rom maTi daxmarebis procesi grZeldeba da

ramdenime ojaxi Sesabamisi daxmarebiT welsac iqneba

dakmayofilebuli.parlamentis wevrTa mxridan ministris

misamarTiT bevri kiTxva daisva, romlebsac man

amomwuravad upasuxa.koba subelianma uaryo fraqcia

`qristian-demokratebis~ Tavmjdomaris, giorgi axvledianis

braldebebi da ganacxada, rom simarTles ar

Seesabameba is faqti, TiTqos devnilebs quCaSi yridnen

da satvirTo avtomanqanebiT gadahyavdaT. misi TqmiT,

am process akvirdebodnen gaeros ltolvilTa umaRlesi

komisariatis TanamSromlebi da am procesTan

dakavSirebiT maT SeniSvnebi ar hqoniaT. devnilTa

gamoyvana im sacxovreblebidan xdeboda, romlebic

ukanonod iyo dakavebuli.saministros TanamSromelTa

mxridan moqalaqe fifias TviTmkvlelobamde miyvanis

braldebasTan dakavSirebiT, koba subelianma ganacxada,

rom es faqti misi piradi tragediacaa. rogorc man

ganacxada, is uyuradRebod namdvilad ar dautovebiaT,

Tumca sabolood, misi gadarCena ver moaxerxes.saparlamento

umciresobis lideris giorgi TargamaZis

SeniSvnaze, TiTqos 2008 wlis omis Sedegad, samaCablodan

devnilebs ar eniWebaT statusi, koba subelianma

ganacxada, rom es sinamdviles ar Seesabameba.

devnilis statusis miniWebas gansazRvruli proceduriT

xdeba da Tu ki vinme mimarTavs saministros,

romelsac devnilis statusi ekuTvnis, is mas aucileblad

miiRebs. `qristian-demokratebi~ ministrs

devnilTa jandacvis ugulebelyofasac sayveduroben.

rogorc magda anikaSvilma ganacxada, devnilebisaTvis

samedicino momsaxureba miuwvdomelia. misi TqmiT, am

adamianebma 2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdeg mZime

stresi gamoiares da meti yuradReba sWirdebaT.levan

vefxvaZis sapasuxod ki ministrma ganacxada, rom

devnilebisaTvis Semweobebis Sewyvetas aravin apirebs.

es mxolod maSin moxdeba, rodesac Sesruldeba saxelmwifos

saboloo mizani - devnilebi sazogadoebaSi

srulad iqnebian integrirebulni.

nino CibCiuri

5


devnilebma sasoflo-sameurneo

teqnika miiRes

„iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa cxovrebis stabilizaciisa

da maTi sazogadoebaSi integrirebis

proeqtis“ farglebSi devnilebs sasoflo-sameurneo

teqnika gadaecaT. teqnika miiRes saqaSeTisa da SavSvebis

devnili da adgilobrivi Temis servis jgufebma.

aRniSnuli RonisZieba sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis

gadacemis mesame etapia. „qea“-m 2010 wels analogiuri

teqnika gadasca skris, berbukis, axalsoflis,

kodas, Saumianisa da xurvaleTis servis jgufebs.

TiToeuli jgufisTvis miwodebuli teqnikis Rirebuleba

130 aTasi dolaria. proeqtis farglebSi xdeba

jgufebis mudmivi treiningi biznes gegmis Sedgenis,

buRalteriasa da msgavs sakiTxebze. jamSi, aRniSnulma

jgufebma 70 682 laris Semosavali miiRes. aRniSnuli

momsaxurebiT dReisaTvis 2000-mde iZulebiT

gadaadgilebulma pirma da adgilobrivma fermerebma

isargebles. rogorc okupirebuli teritoriebidan

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa

da ltolvilTa ministrma koba subelianma aRniSna,

aRniSnuli proeqtis mizania, devnilebs sakuTari Semosavlis

wyaro hqondeT: „Cveni mizania, saxlebTan er-

Tad, devnilebs Semosavlis wyaro gavuCinoT. swored

amisTvis aris aRniSnuli teqnika gamoyofili. devnil

mosaxleobas SeeZleba miwa daamuSaos da sxvis daxmarebaze

naklebad iyos damokidebuli. maT sakuTari

Semosavali eqnebaT da sxvisi daxmarebis molodinSi

ar iqnebian. TiToeul traqtors minimum ori Temi

gamoiyenebs. saTesle saSualebebs ki, ara marto devnilebs,

aramed adgilobriv mosaxleobas soflis meurneobis

saministro urigebs. am yvelafris mizania,

devnilebs sakuTari Semosavali hqondeT. `iZulebiT

gadaadgilebul pirTa cxovrebis stabilizaciisa da

maTi sazogadoebaSi integrirebis proeqts~ norvegiis

mTavrobis sagareo saqmeTa saministros dafinansebiT

axorcieleben „qea norvegia“ da „qea saerTaSoriso

kavkasiaSi“, partnior organizaciebTan erTad: samoqalaqo

ganviTarebis saagento (CIDA), devnil qalTa

asociacia `Tanxmoba~ da `treiningebisa da konsultaciebis

centri~. proeqtis biujeti Seadgens 19

milion norvegiul krons (2.9 milioni aSS dolari).

proeqti 2009 wlis ivlisSi daiwyo da 2012 wlis

ivlisis bolomde gagrZeldeba. sasoflo-sameurneo

teqnikis gadacemas daeswrnen: saqarTvelos okupirebuli

teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,

gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministri b-ni koba subeliani,

Sida qarTlis gubernatori batoni zurab arsoSvili,

soflis meurneobisa saministros warmomadgenlebi.

agreTve, saqarTveloSi moqmedi saerTaSoriso

da adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciaTa xelmZ-

Rvaneli pirebi.

6 VI

siaxleebi

devnilebma sagazafxulod

xvna-Tesva daiwyes

Sida qarTlSi mcxovrebma devnilebma saministros

daxmarebiT xurvaleTSi xvna-Tesva daiwyes. aRniSnul

CasaxlebaSi devnilebisTvis 35 heqtramde miwa damuSavda

da hibriduli simindi daiTesa. miwis damuSavebas

ministri koba subeliani liaxvis xeobis

maJoritari, deputati badri basiSvili da Sida qarTlSi

prezidentis rwmunebuli zurab arsoSvili

daeswro. xurvaleTSi devnili 139 ojaxi cxovrobs.

TiTo ojaxis sakuTrebaSia naxevari heqtari miwa,

romlis nawilze siminds moiyvanen, danarCen nawilze

ki sxva mosavals. analogiuri samuSaoebi rogorc

Sida qarTlSi, ise sxva regionebSic gagrZeldeba. rogorc

devnilebma aRniSnes, SarSan mosavalma gaamarTla

da wels ukeTes mosavals elian. jemal maxniaSvili,

devnili: „mTavrobis daxmarebiT miwa SarSanac

davamuSave da simindi davTese. vinc ar daizara, xeli

gaanZria da cota iSroma, yvelam kargi mosavali miiRo.

vinc araferi gaakeTa 30 tomara simindi aiRo.

SarSan, me 100 tomara simindi aviRe. xelSewyoba welsac

gvaqs. xedavT, rom miwas gvimuSaveben, Sroma ar

gvezareba da ukeTes mosavals velodebiT.“ okupirebuli

teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,

gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministrma koba subelianma

aRniSna, rom analogiuri daxmareba sxva regionebSic

gagrZeldeba: „Sida qarTlSi, mTlianad, 300

heqtari miwa davamuSaveT. es imas niSnavs, rom devnili

mosaxleoba sxvis daxmarebaze ar iqneba damokidebuli

da sakuTari Semosavali eqneba. marto sacxovrebeli

sakmarisi ar aris, Warb Semosavals realizaciasac

gaukeTeben da Tanxac gauCndebaT. devnili mosaxleoba

iseve cxovrobs, rogorc adgilobrivi mosaxle. ase,

nel-nela ojaxebi ekonomiurad Zlierdebian.“

nino CibCiuri


konfliqtis zona

sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis Tema

sofel ergneTSi

Jurnal liaxvis xeobis #2-Si dabeWdil statias

sasoflo-sameurneo teqnikis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb gamoxmaureba

mohyva. ergneTis erT-erTi mkvidri nodar kasraZe

im Tanasoflelebs pasuxobs, romlebmac JurnalTan

saubrisas ganacxades, rom prezidentis naCuqari traqtorebi

kerZo pirebis xelSi moeqca da isini adgilobriv

mosaxleobas araferSi adgeba. nodar kasraZe aRniSnavs,

rom vinc aseT informaciebs awvdis medias, SesaZloa

proeqtSi warumatebeli da ganawyenebuli pirebi iyvnen.

TviTon ki ambobs, rom arasamTavrobo organizaciis erTerT

proeqtSi gamarjvebuli biznes gegmis avtoria da

traqtoric amis Sedegad gadaeca, romelsac rogorc Tavad

ganmartavs xSirad usasyidlod, zogjer ki sakmaod

mizerul fasSi ergneTelebs da mimdebare soflebis

glexebs amuSavebinebs. rac Seexeba prezidentis saCuqars,

ganmartavs, rom is tirZnisis sakrebulos abaria, romli-

Tac mosaxleoba agreTve aqtiurad sargeblobs.

incidenti cxinvalis

centrSi

cxinvalis centrSi incidentTan dakavSirebiT de

faqto respublikis samarTaldamcavebma ganacxades, rom

avtomobilis korteJidan, romelSic rusi sportsmenebi

imyofebodnen, adgilobriv milicias jer sityvieri

Seuracxyofa miayenes, Semdeg ki cecxli gauxsnes. osuri

sainformacio saagentoebis mtkicebiT, manqanaSi imyofebodnen

ruseTis moWidaveTa nakrebis mTavari mwvrTneli

jambolat Tedeevi (metsaxelad diki), de faqto

respublikis Tavdacvis yofili ministri anatoli barankeviCi

da ruseTis Widaobis federaciis prezidenti

mixeil mamiaSvili. srolis Sedegad aravin daSavebula.

rogorc de faqto respublikis S.s.s–s pressamsaxurSi

ganacxades, rom ara cxinvaleli Zalovanebis TavSekaveba,

sisxlisRvris Tavidan acileba SeuZlebeli iqneboda. incidentis

Semdeg rusi sportsmenebis korteJma de faqto

respublikis teritoria datova. dRes osurma saagentoebma

internetSi gaavrceles videomasala, saidanac

Cans, rom erT–erTi manqanidan samarTaldamcavebs Sua

TiTs uCveneben da osur enaze dedis gineba ismis. osuri

mediis cnobiT, amas jambolat Tedeevi akeTebs, Tumca

kadrebSi misi saxe ar Cans. imave kadrebSi isic Cans,

rom ucxouri manqanebis korteJs SeiaraRebuli pirebi

dasdeven. aRniSnuli incidentis Semdeg ruseTis elCi

de faqto respublikaSi elbrus kargievi sagareo saqme-

Ta saministroSi daibares. kokoiTis xelisufleba am

etapze Sefasebebisgan Tavs ikavebs. cxinvalSi momxdari

SeiaraRebuli provokacia rusuli mediis yuradRebis

centrSi moeqca. incidentis sruliad gansxvavebul ver-

VII

sias hyveba manqanaSi myofi mixeil mamiaSvili. rusuli

saagentoebisTvis micemul interviuSi igi acxadebs, rom

provokacia kokoiTis xelisuflebis Zalovani uwyebebis

mxridan daiwyo, roca korteJis gamoCenisas maT haerSi

umisamarTo srola daiwyes. mamiaSvilis informaciiT,

cxinvalSi Tedeevis mamis dabadebis dReze imyofebodnen,

Tan wayvanili hyavdaT daRestneli axalgazrda moWidaveebi,

romlebmac os TanatolebTan saCvenebeli wvrTnebi

gamarTes, RonisZiebebis dasrulebis Semdeg ki maTi manqanebis

korteJi blokirebuli iqna 7 manqaniT, saidanac

SeiaraRebuli xalxi gadmovida da srola atexa. mamiaSvilis

azriT, provokacia jambolat Tedeevis winaaRmdeg

iyo mimarTuli. wels, noemberSi, de faqto respublikaSi

saprezidento arCevnebi Catardeba. jambolat Tedeevi

ruseTSi kokoiTis opoziciuri dajgufebis erT–erTi

lideria. am jgufs saprezidento arCevnebze saku-

Tari kandidatura eyoleba. kokoiTis opozicias jer

ar gadauwyvetia, vin miiRebs maTi mxridan arCevnebSi

monawileobas. sakuTar kandidats eduard kokoiTic

amzadebs. rogorc cnobilia, kokoiTis da Tedeevs ara

marto politikuri, aramed piradi dapirispirebac aqvT.

Tavis droze kokoiTis gamarjvebaSi Zmebma Tedeevebma -

metsaxelad dikebma - didi roli iTamaSes, magram Semdeg

maT Soris dapirispireba daiwyo. isic cnobilia, rom

kokoiTis dikebma araerTxel scemes kidec. moskovuri

opoziciis kidev erT liders, de faqto respublikis

yofili generaluri prokuroris axsar koCievis TqmiT,

kokoiTi diqtatoria da cxinvalSi demokratiis Sesaxeb

saubari zedmetia. koCievis azriT, kokoiTis Tedeevis

Zalian eSinia da provokacias uwyobs. Tedeevi ki sazogadoebas

male daanaxvebs kokoiTis namdvil saxes.

konfliqtologi paata zaqareiSvili cxinvalSi momxdar

incidents moaxloebuli saprezidento arCevnebis

WrilSi ganixilavs. misi azriT, or gunds Soris brZola

ukve daiwyo da am brZolaSi iaraRis JRaruni mudmivad

iqneba. de faqto respublikis prezidentis arCevnebi

mimdinare wlis noemberSi gaimarTeba. miuxedavad imisa,

rom konkretuli kandidatebi jer ar dasaxelebula, cxinvalSi

saarCevno maraToni ukve daiwyo. es maraToni

rom Zaladobis gareSe ar Caivlis, bolo erTma kviramac

cxadyo. SabaTs adgilobrivma Zalovanebma omis dros

dazaralebulTa aqcia daarbies. gavrcelebuli informaciiT,

am aqciis monawileebi moskovuri opoziciis liderebis

mier imarTebian. guSin ki cxinvalis centrSi

SeiaraRebuli provokacia moxda. cxinvalSi mxolod

is aris cnobili, rom kokoiTi sakuTar memkvidred de

faqto respublikis amJamindel genprokurors Teimuraz

xugaevs amzadebs, opozicia ki moskovel biznesmens albert

jusoevs uWers mxars. jusoevis garSemo kokoiTze

ganawyenebuli xalxia Sekrebili. maT Sorisaa jambolat

Tedeevi, romelsac putinTan axlo urTierToba aqvs.

nino CibCiuri

7


8

kokoiTi: samxreT oseTisa da

afxazeTis damoukideblobis

aRiarebas kidev erTi qveyana

apirebs (?!)

samxreT oseTisa da afxazeTis damoukideblobis

aRiarebas kidev erTi qveyana apirebs, - amis Sesaxeb

cxinvalis reJimis liderma eduard kokoiTma ruse-

Tis sagareo saqmeTa ministr sergei lavrovTan cxinvalSi

gamarTuli Sexvedrisas ganacxada.

`exo maskvis~ informaciiT, kokoiTma es gancxadeba

Sexvedris Semdeg gamarTul erTobliv preskonferenciaze

gaakeTa.

Tumca, kokoiTis ar daukonkretebia, romeli qveyana

apirebs afxazeTisa da e.w. samxreT oseTis damoukideblobis

aRiarebas. eduard kokoiTisa da sergei lavrovis

Sexvedra dRes cxinvalSi gaimarTa.

`komersanti~

ruseTsa da afxazeTs Soris

teritoriuli dava ar cxreba

ruseTsa da afxazeTs Soris teritoriuli dava

ar cxreba. gazeT `komersantis~ informaciiT, mxareebi

ver Tanxmdebian ruseT-saqarTvelos saxmeleTo saz-

Rvris demilitarizaciaze gagris raionis maRalmTian

zonaSi. kerZod, mxareebi maRalmTian sofel aibRas

ver iyofen.

`komersanti~ ruseTis sagareo saqmeTa saministroze

dayrdnobiT iuwyeba, rom soxumma soflis

ruseTisadmi kuTvnileba aRiara da axla sazRvris

VIII

konfliqtis zona

dadgena da xazis gavleba mxolod teqnikuri saqmea.

Tumca, amgvari ganwyoba ara aqvs afxazeTis "prezident"

sergei baRafSs, romelmac ganacxada, rom "arc

erTi kvadratuli metri miwis gadacemas ar apirebs".

cxinvalSi

saprotesto aqcia

daSales

ruseT-saqarTvelos omis dros dazaralebuli mosaxleobis

nawili auSenebeli saxlebis sanacvlod

fulis gadaxdas moiTxovda.

erT-erTi monawilis, liana Tedeevis TqmiT, momitingeebs

Tavdapirvelad milicielebma wre Semoartyes,

Semdeg ki adgilze samxedro mosamsaxureebi mividnen.

"Cven is axalgazrdebi dagvexsnen Tavs, romlebic

inara gabaraevas emuqrebodnen. ise gvaginebdnen, manamde

aseTi sityvebi arsad gamigia. uflebadamcvel besarion

oseevs wixlebiT scemes. daapires, CemTvisac daertyaT,

magram qalebma damicves", - ganacxada Tedeevam.

mitingi gasul SabaTs 11:00 saaTze daiwyo; igegmeboda,

rom mitingebi 10 dRis ganmavlobaSi gagrZeldeboda.

saprotesto aqciaSi mxolod 20 adamiani monawileobda,

romelTagan umetesoba qalebi iyvnen.

uflebadamcvel inara gabaraevas mimarT de-daqto

Tavdacvis saministros TanamSromlebis mxridan muqaris

Sesaxeb informacia gasul kviraSi gavrcelda.

gabaraevas sami mamakaci daemuqra da saqmianobis Sewyveta

mosTxova.

cxinvalSi aRdgeniTi samuSaoebis neli tempi ramdenime

saprotesto aqciis mizezi gaxda. samSeneblo

samuSaoebisTvis moskovma cxinvalis reJims 2008-

2009 wlebSi 10 miliardi rubli, wels ki 6 miliard

810 milioni rubli gamouyo.

nino CibCiuri


konfliqtis zona

cxinvalSi gatarebuli 18-dRiani tyevobis detalebi

cxinvalis cixeSi am droisTvis 4 qarTveli_

midelaSvili, razmaZe, sxirtlaZe da demetraSvili

rCebian. rogorc Sinagan saqmeTa saministros warmomadgenelma

nata javaxiSvilma ganmarta, maT sanacvlod

osuri mxare ruseTis ori dakavebuli moqalaqis,

xuranovisa da Tedeevis, gaTavisuflebas iTxovs. dakavebulTa

gacvlis procesebi 2008 wlidan dRemde

periodulad ewyoba. SeTanxmebebi ZiriTadad sofel

ergneTTan, incidentebis previnciisa da maTze reagirebis

farglebSi gamarTuli Sexvedrebis Sedegad

xdeba. Tumca ra viTarebaSi gaatares osur mxares-

Tan tyveobis periodi, gaTavisuflebuli qarTvelebi,

garkveuli mizezebis gamo Riad Zalian cotas saubroben.

erTerTi gamonaklisi 34 wlis daviT ZaZamia

aRmoCnda, romelmac 18 dRiani tyveobis detalebis

gaxmaureba ,,liaxvis xeobasTan” gadawyvita. didi liaxvis

xeobis sofel TamaraSenidan devnili yveba, rom

omis dros cxinvalis cixeSi rusma jariskacebma dedasTan

erTad waiyvanes.

_ rogor aRmoCndiT cxinvalis cixeSi da ra viTarebaSi

gaatareT 18 dRiani tyveoba?

_ cxinvalSi me da deda sofel aCabeTidan gadagviyvanes,

Tavdapirvelad cxinvalis Sinagan saqmeTa saministros

TanamSromlebis kontrolis qveS viyaviT,

sadRac sardafSi. erTi kviris Semdeg ki rusebs migvabares.

maiZulebdnen meTqva, rom viyavi saqarTvelos

Tavdacvis saministros TanamSromeli,romelic viTomda

saakaSvilis davalebiT vklavdi os bavSvebs, qalebs

da moxucebs. aseve unda meTqva, rom danarCen qarTvel

jariskacebTan erTad vbombavdi cxinvals da garSemo

mdebare soflebs. es yvelaferi erT did furcelze

eweraT da me unda wamekiTxa, erT-erTi rusuli televiziis

winaSe. rodesac Cemgan uari miiRes sastikad

gamiswordnen, ar maxsovs ras mirtyavdnen, an ramdeni

mcemda. Seuracyofas ayenebdnen tyveobaSi myof qarTvel

qalebsac. isini calke yavdaT, magram iseve rogorc

maT, mec yvelaferi mesmoda.

_ Tqven axseneT, rom adgili hqonda fizikur

Seuracxyofebs, ZiriTadad ra dros vlindeboda maTi

es agresia da kidev ras iTxovdnen Tqvengan, Tundac am

sastiki cemis Tavidan acilebis sanacvlod?

_ saerTod mTeli am periodis manZilze maTi

wixlebis qveS yoveldRe vxvebodiT, gansakuTrebul

agresis ki Cveni siCume iwvevda. maxsovs mTxovdnen

maiZulebdnen meTqva yvelaferi, rac vicodi qarTuli

jarisa da SeiaraRebis Sesaxeb. detalurad mimeTiTebina

maTi ganlagebis adgilebi, strategiuli obieqtebi

da a.S. ruqebi ki ekavaT xelSi, magram raRac gasasvlel-gamosasvlelebs

azustebdnen da cdilobnen

raRac daecdinaT Cemgan. roca maTTvis sasurvel informaciebs

ver iRebdnen, maSin iwyeboda maTi agresia

da cemis dros Tan CamZaxodnen,_es gekuTvnis, imitom

rom qarTveli xaro. vigebdi rom msgavs dakiTxvebs

dakavebul qalebsac uwyobdnen da maTac ayenebdnen

Seuracyofebs.

_ vin gascemda uSualod brZanebebs, samoqalaqo

formaSi iyvnen vinc gcemdaT?

_ ara SeiaraRebulebi da formianebi iyvnen. ramdenime

adamiani iyo, romlebic e.w. zedamxedvelobis

funqcias iTavsebdnen. odnav moSorebiT isxdnen da

IX

,,cixeSi qarTuli

droSis Seuracxyofas

maiZulebdnen“

mimdinare pricesebiT xalisobdnen, maT Soris maxsovs

erT-erTi maTgani iyo minZaevi. misi mimRimari saxe

gansakuTrebiT damamaxsovra maSin, rodesac samsafexurian

kibeze gaSlil qarTul droSaze cemiT gamatares,

Semdeg maiZulebdnen droSa Seuracxmyo. amaze uaris

Semdeg yvelaze metad mawames, mTeli brbo zed Semdga,

ar maxsovs goneba ra dros davkarge, roca ukve Tvalebi

gavaxile, sadRac derefanSi marto vegde.

_ 18-dRis ganmavlobaSi ra iyo Tqveni sakvebi da

mTel dReebs im sardafSi atarebdiT?

B_ bolo dReebSi qarTvel tyveTa ricxvma daaxloebiT

180-s miaRwia. amitom adgilebi rom aRar

iyo, yvela erTad mogvaTavses. saSineli qaosi, autaneli

pirobebi, saxanZro manqanebiT mohqondaT CvenTvis

wyali da gamxmari puris natexebi, romlis miRebac

daswrebaze iyo. rac Seexeba cixidan gasvlas, arvici

qalebi sad gayavdaT, magram Cven qalaqs gvasufTavebinebdnen,

gvamebs gvagrovebinebdnen da gvamarxinebdnen,

humanitarul tvirTs gvaclvinebdnen da ase mSiermwyurvalebs

isev im erT nestian oTaxSi gvyridnen.

_ rodis da ra viTarebaSi moxda Tqveni gaTavisufleba?

_ rodesac Cven cixidan gamogviyvanes cxinvali

gamarjvebas zeimobso gviTxres. qalaqSi rusuli

droSebiT iyo xalxi gamosuli. Cven ergneTTan migviyvanes

da Tomas hamarbergis SuamavlobiT qarTul

mxares gadagvces. maSin gavige, rom Cveni gacvla qarTvelebis

mier dakavebul osebze xdeboda.

omis Semdeg, roca dakavebulTa gacvlis Sesaxeb

molaparakebebi daiwyo, osuri mxare yvelas gaTavisuflebas

iTxovda, principiT, ,,yvela–yvelaze~, magram

qarTuli mxare omamde dakavebuli de faqto respublikis

moqalaqeebis gaTavisuflebaze, romlebic sxvadasxva

mZime danaSaulisTvis ixdian sasjels, ar

daTanxmda. samxreT oseTis de faqto respublikis

prezidentis specialuri warmomadgenlis moadgilis

merab Cigoevis gancxadeboT, marek dudaevisa da goris

teraqtis mowyobisTvis dakavebulis gasaTavisufleblad

osuri mxare Zalisxmevas ar iSurebs. qarTuli

mxare ki acxadebs, rom mSvidobian moqalaqeebs teroristebSi

ar cvlis.

nino CibCiuri

9


erTaderTi vaJis saflavis mitoveba lafaCebisTvis

mTavar satkivars warmoadgens. devnili ojaxi

micvalebulTa xsenebis dRes welsac mxolod locviT

Semoifargla, saTanado pativis migeba da is

tradiciebi rac xeobaSi axsovT, fiqroben, rom TandaTan

daviwyebas eZleva. 21 wlis axalgazrda omamde

erTi kviriT adre avtoavariis Sedegad daiRupa.

Mmaia nasuaSvili (gardacvlilis deda): ,,es

saSinelebaa, amqveyniuri jojoxeTi, wiTeli jvrisgan

gvamis gadmosveneba viTxoveT, magram rusuli mxare

amaze ar Tanxmdeba. gamotirebac ver movaswariT, 40

TbilisSi gadavixadeT, mxolod misi daRupvis adgilze

Tu gavdivarT, kaspTan, sadac avaria mouxda.

vladimer lafaCi (gardacvlilis mama): Cven saflavis

gakeTebac ver movaswariT, erT kviraSi omi daiwyo

da wamovediT, arc ki viciT gadaurCa Tu ara sasaflao

saomar moqmedebebs, Tumca xalxi ki ambobs xeo-

10

X

konfliqtis zona

okupirebul teritoriaze arsebuli

saflavebi Wirisuflebis gareSe

bis taZrebsa da saflavebs aravin mikarebiao, magram

aRdgoma dResac rom mSobeli Svilis saflavze ver

gava saSineli gancda da tkivilia.

adgilnacvali ojaxebi xelisuflebas rusulosur

mxareebTan molaparakebebis warmoebas sTxoven,

raTa sul mcire droiT mainc gaxdes SesaZlebeli

maTi usafrTxod gadaadgileba mamapapeul miwaze

micvalebulTaTvis pativis misagebad.

lamzira goCaSvili(devnili): 2 axalgazrda Zma

myavs daRupuli, es umZimesi gancdaa, magram Cvens

tkivils ufro aormagebs is mdgomareoba, raSic 2008

wlis omis Sedegad aRmovCndiT, Cveni micvalebulebis

saflavebze aRdgoma dRes paska da wiTeli kvercxebic

ver gagvaqvs. erTaderTi nugeSi eklesia da maTi

sulebis mosaxseniebeli locvis wakiTxvaa.

qeTevan qurCiSvili(devnili): vTxov Cven xelisuflebas,

rom sul erTi saaTi mainc moxerxdes Cveni

gadayvana, mxolod Cveni micvalebulebis saflavebis

mosanaxuleblad, es udidesi madli da sixaruli iqneba

TiToeuli CvenTaganisTvis.

sasaflaoebis da salocavebis monaxulebis Tema

araerTxel iyo dayenebuli ergneTis Sereul Sexvedrebze.

am problemis mogvarebis sakiTxi win sazogadoebisa

da samarTaldamcavebis gorSi gamarTul Sexvedrazec

iqna daayenebuli,iq Sekrebulma mosaxleobam

sanugeSod ki mxolod is moismina, rom SeTavazebaze

cxinvalidan pasuxs elodebian. dRes ukve cnobili

xdeba rom mSvidobiani mosaxleobis usafrTxoebaze

pasuxismgeblobas rusuli mxare sakuTar Tavze ver

iRebs.

ioseb beruaSvili (qurTis municipalitetis Tanam-

Sromeli: qarTulma xelisuflebam araerTxel daayena

es sakiTxi, magram rusuli mxare usafrTxod gadaadgilebis

mxriv pasuxismgeblobas ver iRebs. gvindoda

aRdgomisTvis mainc momxdariyo devnili Wirisuflebis

mcire droiT gadayvana saflavebze, magram am

winadadebaze rusul-osuri mxareebi ar wamovidnen.

eqspertebi fiqroben, rom procesis dasawyebad

aRniSnuli gadawyvetilebis sasikeTod miReba mniSvnelovani

komponenti iqneba, Tumca xelisuflebis

Semdeg sakiTxis ganxilvaSi veRarc sapatriarqo erTveba,

radgan gavrcelebuli informaciiT, ruseTis eparqia

fiqrobs, sakuTar avtokefalias dauqvemdebaros

xeobaSi darCenili Zeglebi. molaparakeba mimdinareobs.

Sinagan saqmeTa saministros warmomadgenelma

nato javaxiSvilma aRniSna, rom ergneTis Sexvedrebze

qarTuli mxare osur mxares am problemis gadaWris

gzebze esaubreba da sTavazobs, rom Wirisuflebs rogorc

erTi, ise meore mxridan naTesavebis saflavebze

daubrkolebeli gasvla SeeZloT, Tundac religiur

dReebSi. am winadadebaze osuri mxaris Tanxmoba jerjerobiT

miRebuli ar aris.

2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdeg konfliqtis zonis

zogierTi qarTuli soflis sasaflao okupirebul

teritoriaze moeqca. iq mcxovrebi adamianebi

didi xania veRarc salocavSi da veRarc micvalebulebis

saflavebze gadian. ergneTi, zemo niqozi,

dvani, zardianTkari, flavi – es im qarTuli soflebis

arasruli CamonaTvalia, romelTa sasaflaoebi amJamad

okupirebulia. axla am soflebSi an devnilTa CasaxlebebSi

gardacvlilebs axal sasaflaoebze asaflaveben.

okupirebul saflavebze darCenil micvalebul-

Ta axloblebs sasuliero pirebi mxolod locvisken

mouwodeben.

nino CibCiuri

cxinvalidan devnili deda

dakarguli Svilis kvaldakval

21 wlis erbeg valievi dedas 5 welia ar unaxavs.

venera ecadaSvili omamde cxinvalSi cxovrobda, misi

vaJi ki orjonikiZeSi taqsis mZRolad muSaobda, 2006

wlis 14 martis Semdeg ki misi kvali manqanianad

gaqra. dedas Svilis Sesaxeb am dromde aranairi informacia

ar gaaCnia.

,,_ osuri mxridan arc raime SemoTavazeba yofila

da verc verafers mivakvlie. sad aRar viyavi, vis aRar

mivmarTe, magram uSedegod. martoxela qali var da

gamosavals veRar vxedav, rom Cemi Svilis arsebobaze

rame Sevityo~._ambobs venera ecadaSvili.

Ddevnil ojaxs orjonikiZeSi naTesavebi ar yavs.

dedas osi kriminalebis mier raime usiamovno faqtis

ganxorcielebaze gafiqrebac uWirs, venera ecadaSvili

xelisuflebas daxmarebas da 21 wlis vaJis moZebnaSi

daxmarebas amjerad ,,liaxvis xeobis~ SuamavlobiT

sTxovs.

Nnino CibCiuri


konfliqtis zona

istoriuli faqtebis gayalbebis

morigi mcdeloba cxinvalSi

cota xnis win cxinvalSi gamoica broSura, romlis

winasityvaobidan irkveva, rom misma Semdgenlebma is

miuZRvnes e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ saxelmwifoebriobis

meoce wlisTavs. masSi Tavmoyrili masalebis erTi

Tvalis gadavlebiTac ki aSkara xdeba, rom avtorTa

mier igi tendenciuradaa Sedgenili da obieqturad

ar asaxavs ori monaTesave xalxis qarTvelebisa da

osebis mravalsaukunovan keTilmezoblur urTier-

Tobebs. samagierod, xotbaSesxmulia rusul - osuri

urTierTobebi, romlebic, rogorc arsebuli saarqivo

masalebi miukerZoeblad metyveleben, XX-e saukunis

20-ian wlebamde arc Tu ise saxarbielo yofila...

aRniSnul gamocemaze „eqspertTa klubma“ komentari

sTxova ivane javaxiSvilis istoriisa da eTnologiis

institutis axali da uaxlesi istoriis ganyofilebis

mecnier-TanamSromels mzia tyavaSvils,

romelsac Cvens mkiTxvels qvemoT vTavazobT. bro-

Sura warmoadgens uaxles periodSi (2008, 2009 da

2010 wlebSi) e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ teritoriaze

momxdari istoriuli movlenebis mokle aRweras, romlis

Sinaarssac zustad miesadageba misi erT-erTi

Tavis qvesaTaurad gamotanili lozungi _ „Россия

и Южная Осетия – братские народы навеки!“ mocemuli

publikaciis Sinaarsidan da paTosidan gamomdinare,

cxadi xdeba, rom misi avtorebi ruseTis

reaqciuli wreebisa da maTi cxinvaleli marionetebisagan

miRebuli dakveTis gulmodgine Semsruleblebi

arian. broSuris avtorebs 2008-2010 wlebis movlenebis

SedarebiT vrceli aRwerisaTvis Sesavlis saxiT

wamZRvarebuli aqvT „e. w. samxreT osuri qronikebi“

_ Краткая хронология становления Югоосетинской

государственности. igi warmoadgens im TariRebisa

da istoriuli movlenebis CamonaTvals, romlebic, avtorTa

azriT, yvelaze „Rirsaxsovari“ iyo. aRniSnuli

„politikuri erTeulis“ cxovrebaSi 1774

wlidan 2008 wlamde. Semdeg iwyeba momdevno sami

wlis ganmavlobaSi e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ teritoriaze

momxdari mniSvnelovani movlenebis SedarebiT

vrceli mimoxilva. ufro cxadi rom gaxdes, Tu ras

exeba „e. w. samxreT oseTis“ istoriuli faqtebis

ukanaskneli sami wlis „angariSi“, mokled moviyvanT

im TariRebs, romlebsac pativi ergoT moxvedriliyvnen

zemoT dasaxelebul CamonaTvalSi. 2008 wlis

mniSvnelovani movlenebis nusxaSi vxvdebiT: 26 agvistos

_ d. medvedevis mier samxreT oseTis damoukideblobis

cnobis brZanebaze xelmoweras; 9 seqtembers

_ samxreT oseTsa da ruseTs Soris diplomatiuri

urTierTobis damyarebas; 24 ianvars _ d. medvedevis

mier federaluri kanonis _ „ruseTis federaciasa da

samxreT oseTs Soris megobrobis, TanamSromlobisa da

urTierTdaxmarebis xelSekrulebis ratifikacias“ da

a. S. 2009 weli:

30 aprili _ saxelmwifo sazRvrebis erTobliv

dacvaze ruseTisa da samxreT oseTis ormxriv Se-

Tanxmebaze xelis mowera; 1 maisi _ rusi mesazRvreebis

mier samxreT oseTis sazRvrebis dacvis dawyeba;

15 seqtemberi _ moskovSi xelmowerili SeTanxmeba

ruseTsa da samxreT oseTs Soris samxedro TanamS-

XI

romlobaze, romelic iTvaliswinebda am ukanasknelis

teritoriaze samxedro bazebis ganlagebas da a. S.

2010 weli:

1 Tebervali _ ruseTis federaciasa da samxreT

oseTs Soris xelmowerili SeTanxmeba uvizo mimosvlaze;

5 aprili _ d. medvedevis mier xelis mowera

federalur SeTanxmebaze _ „samxreT oseTis respublikis“

sazRvrebis erToblivi dacvis Sesaxeb; es Se-

Tanxmeba ratificirebuli iqna saxelmwifo saTaTbiros

mier 2010 wlis 26 marts da a. S. erTi sityviT

rom aRvniSnoT, osi politikosebi emadlierebian da

xotbas asxamen ruseTis xelisuflebas saqarTvelos

agresiisgan e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ sazRvrebis dacvis,

omisgan dangreuli ekonomikis aRorZinebis, „uangaro

ekonomikuri Tu samxedro daxmarebis“ da, rac

mTavaria, axali suverenuli politikuri erTeulis

(samxreT oseTis) cnobisTvis. ruseTis saxelmwifosagan

gansxvavebiT, „angariSSi“ metad uaryofiTadaa

warmoCenili saqarTvelos xelisuflebis pozicia

osuri mosaxleobis mimarT, ruseTis okupaciisgan

sakuTari teritoriis dacvis gamo, igi agresoradaa

gamoyvanili. gakritikebulia misi „diskriminaciuli

politika“. publikaciaSi moxvedrili istoriuli

movlenebi SeiZleba or jgufad gavyoT: pirveli, e.

w. „samxreT oseTis“ ruseTTan urTierToba, romelic

rogorc, avtorebi gvTavazoben, yovelTvis pozitiuria

da leitmotivad ruseTis xelisuflebis osi

xalxisadmi siyvaruli, maTi pativiscema, maTi ekonomikis,

kulturis ganviTareba da sazRvrebis uangaro

dacva gasdevs; meore, e. w. „samxreT oseTis“ saqarTvelosTan

urTierToba, romelic, avtorebis mier

darTuli komentarebis mixedviT, mTlianad negatiuria

da agresiasa da osi xalxis diskriminaciazea agebuli.

saqarTvelos xelisuflebis mimarT wayenebuli

braldebebi, sinamdvileSi, saerTaSoriso samarTlis

normebis mixedviT, ucxo qveynis agresiisgan da separatizmisgan

sakuTari teritoriebis dacvaa. mTeli

publikacia mraval faqtobriv uzustobas Seicavs,

romelze dayrdnobiTac arasworadaa Sefasebuli istoriuli

movlenebi da gakeTebulia mcdari daskvnebi.

Cven mxolod zogierT maTgans SevexebiT. avtorebi

qronikas, maTi azriT, pozitiuriT _ e. w. erTiani

oseTis ruseTTan SeerTebiT _ iwyeben. moviyvanT citatas:

„1774 г. октябрь - Вхождение единой Осетии,

как федерации гражданских обществ, в состав

11


12

xeobelebi wilkanSic

cxovroben

am mwkrivSi kotejebi cisfrad SeuRobavT. mavTulbadiT

SeRobili ezo, sadac koteji dgas, imdenad kopwiaa,

rom ityvian, av Tvals ar enaxvis. ezo movlilia

– dasufTavebuli. kotejis ukan patara saTavsoa da

kidev raRac Senoba. mis gverdiT am orivesTan SedarebiT

ufro patara saTavso miuSenebiaT. am samidan

erT–erTSi is yvelaferi inaxeba, rasac diasaxlisi

saZinebelsa da misaReb oTaxSi zedmetobad Tvlis.

meore Senoba, cota ufro mozrdili, saqonlis sadgomia,

sadac orma xbom gamoizamTra. SarSandeli xbo

mermis ukve mewveli Zroxa iqneba. patroni varaudobs,

rom ori Zroxa Tavis sarCo Tivas da qatos iyidis,

ojaxsac gamokvebavs da gasayid produqciasac gamoimuSavebs.

aq ganTavsebul 400 kotejSi xom sul mcire

50 mcirewlovani bavSvi mainc eyolebaT. saqonlis

movla arc yvela diasaxliss surs da amis SesaZlebloba

arc yvelas aqvs. aseTi ojaxi iZulebulia rZe

da rZis produqtebi Seisyidos. medicinis mtkicebiT,

naturaluri produqti asakis SeuzRudavad yvelas

da gansakuTrebiT bavSvebs esaWiroebaT.

mSromeli adamiani yvelgan icxovrebs

pawia kotejTan msubuqi avtomanqana gaCerda, saidanac

mamakaci gadmovida da maspinZels dauZaxa.miuxedavad

imasa, rom guliswamRebi qari qroda, Suaxnis

qali baRidan gamovida da stumars miegeba. maT raRac

Cailaparakes,mere ludam saqonlis sadgomis gverdiT

mdebare pawia saTavsos kari gaaRo, romelic Cven

zemoT vaxseneT. saqaTmidan 20–22 qaTami gamovida.

ulamazesi Sinauri frinveli ezos erT wamSi moefina.

mere diasaxlisma klientis mier miniSnebul qoCora

qaTams sakenki dauyara, miityua da uceb daiWira.

diliT adrianad dgeba, vidre TviTon isauzmebs,

xborebs, Rors, da frinvels mixedavs, yvelas Tavis

wil ulufas miutans. kargad mouvlis, sadgoms

dausufTavebs, mere xelpirs daibans da samzareuloSi

fusfuss daiwyebs.

kargad icis, rom movla da patronoba saqonlisTvisac

da frinvelisTvisac bevrs niSnavs. amitomaa,

rom devnilTa dasaxlebaSi mcxovrebi rusi qalbatoni

ukve bevrma gaicno. oci dedali gasayid kvercxsac

debs.

`– Zalian gamrje da dauzarelia. SromaSi atarebs

mTel dRes. baRi danarnarebuli aqvs, xarisxiani

mosavlis misaRebad da pirutyvisa da frinvelis

mosaSeneblad bevrs cdilobs. zogs yavis smasa da

WoraobaSi gahyavs dReebi. luda ki yavis dalevasac

aswrebs da uTavbolod Sromobs kidevac“.

,,sxva dasaxlebidanac modian. qaTami 12–15 lari

Rirs. mermis ukve rZe da mawons gayidis. gvian Semodgomidan

TiTqmis aprilamde erTi litri rZe da mawoni,

Tu xarisxiania, ori lari Rirs. RmerTma misces,

dRes da Rames SromaSi asworebs,“ – damajereblad

gvesaubrebian mezoblebi cxinvalidan devnil qalbatonze,

romelic daojaxebis Semdeg qurTaSi cxovrobda,

axla ki mcxeTis raionis im dasaxlebaSi cxovrobs,

sadac liaxvis da frones xeobidan devnilebis

garda axalgorelebic arian.

XII

devnilTa cxovreba

martis erT dRes, roca sakmaod grZelvadiani

susxisa da qaris mere mzem Rrublebidan gamoixeda da

Tavisi sxivebiT qveyanas moefina, Ceni gazeTi mcxeTis

raionis sofel wilkans estumra.

es sofeli Tavisi teritoriuli mdebareobiT, nayofieri

miwebiTa da saukeTeso saxnav–saTesis garda,

mSromeli da SeZlebuli xalxiT cnobili gaxlavT.

sofelTan axlos, iqve, sul ramdenime metris daSorebiT

devnilTa dasaxleba gaSenda da masac wilkani

daerqva.

kotejebi, faqtobrivad, iseTive proeqtiT aSenda,

rogorc – werovanSi, xurvaleTSi, skraSi, metexSi.

gansxvaveba isaa, rom saabazano aq saerTod araa, sapirfareSo

ki gareTaa. sacxovrisi misaRebisgan da

ori oTaxisgan Sedgeba. iseve, rogorc devnilTa yvela

sxva dasaxlebaSi, devnilebisTvis dawesebuli SeRava-

Ti – bunebrivi airis danaxarji – TveSi 50 lari da

moxmarebuli eleqtroenergiis 13 lari (erT sulze)

yvela ojaxisTvis mniSvnelovani SeRavaTia.

Rumeli da yoveldRiuri moxmarebis sagnebi da

inventari TiToeul ojaxs aqac gadaeca. zogierTi

macxovrebeli dasaqmebulia – saxelfaso danazogiT

maT avejic SeiZines da sxvadasxva daniSnulebis sagnebic.

soflis meurneobiT daiteresebulma devnilebma

kotejis irgvliv arsebuli nakveTi saguldagulod

daamuSaves da ojaxisTvis saWiro raodenobis bostneuli

moiwies. zogma ukve namyeni Cayara, zogma nayofi

moiwia kidec – sxvadasxva jiSis da sxvadasxva saxis

xili moaSenes. namyens gasul SemodgomiT ukve niSanic

hqonda. vaSli, msxali, atami, qliavi, leRvi, bali... am

miwaze yvela jiSis xili modis.

Sexvedra xalxTan

erT–erT ubanSi xalxis jgufi SevniSneT da Cvenc

maTken gavemarTeT. mziani amindis gamosvliT gamowveul

sixaruls mezoblebi erTmaneTs uziarebdnen da sagazafxulo

saqmianobis Sesaxeb saubrobdnen.

zogierTma diasaxlisma xaxvi da niori SemodgomiT

dargo, zogi ki axla dargavs da imedovnebs, rom mart-

Si dargulic karg Tavs gaikeTebs. ,,wilknel xeobelebs“

miaCniaT, rom martidan ukve yvelafris dargvis

da daTesvis droa.

– sagazafxulo samuSaoebi daiwyo? – vekiTxebi

misalmebis Semdeg.

CvenTan, xeobaSi, TebervalSi Tovli icoda da baRs

rogor daamuSavebdi?! aq ki sxvaa. SemodgomiT rom

mosavali aviReT, baRi mivalag–movalageT, movfocxeT,

simindis kaWaWisa da pamidvrisa da kartofilis

Reroebisgan gavasufTaveT da davbareT. SemodgomiT

dabaruls sul sxva fasi aqvs, miwa fuvdeba da ise

fxvierdeba, rom nergi fesvs ukeTesad ikidebs da Sesabamisad,

mosavlianicaa. erTi Tve, ianvari davisveneT,

Torem baRSi muSaoba Tebervlidan daviwyeT“,––qemertidan

devnili samocdaaTiode wlis vano oTinaSvili

saintereso mosaubre aRmoCnda.

_ Cveni brZeni winapari Tvlida –– kargi mosavali

mkacri zamTris Sedegiao. Tqven ras ityviT?

– Tbili zamTari qalaqelebs uxariaT, Torem soflelma

kacma icis, rom es kargis momcemi araa. dekemberi–ianvari

Tbili zamTari iyo, magram Tebervalsa

da martSi arc yinva gvaklda da arc – Tovli. ase,

rom wels cudi mosavali ar unda miviRoT.


devnilTa cxovreba

Suaxnis qalma, valiam, romlis aremare marTlac

edemis baRs hgavs, saukeTeso jiSis marwvis nergi ukve

araerT ojaxs gaunawila.

rogorc maTma mezoblebma gviTxres, vanom da valiam

SemodgomiT am ubanSi yvelaze saukeTeso mosavali

moiyvanes.

,,–am farTze, rasac xedavT, imdeni pamidori moiyvanes,

rac saxlSi gamoiyenes, xom kargi, rac ara–

da – gayides. xeobaSi rom cxovrobdnen, iqac aseTi

mSromelebi iyvnen,“ – amas isev mezoblebis mxridan

vigebT.

–arasamTavrobo organizaciebma Tu Seitanes raime

wvlili arsebuli mdgomareobis gasaumjobeseblad?

– vekiTxebi xalxs.

,,–rogorc quxs, ise ar wvimso“, xom gagigoniaT?

sxva raionebSi ase hgoniaT, TiTqos arasamTavroboebma

dolarebi Tavze gvayares, magram ar daijeroT,“

– meubneba axalgazrda qali, romelsac arc fotos

gadaReba surs da arc – vinaobis dasaxeleba.

kiTxvas isev xalxs vubruneb. rogorc luda

gveubneba, wilkanSi erT–erTi arasamTavrobo organizacia

Sevida, romelmac xalxs 50–procentiani dafinanseba

SesTavaza.

,,mezobel sofelSi erT–erT ojaxs Zroxis yidvaze

movurigdiT. ,,be“ davutove. darwmunebuli gaxldiT,

rom organizacia marTlac gadagvixdida. ramdenjerme

davureke da Sevaxsene, pirobas nu gadaxvelT–meTqi.

miTxres, uCvenod nu mixvalTo. patronma ki aseTi

piroba wamogviyena – Tu daTqmul vadaze Tanxas mivitandi,

saqonels matanda, Tu ara–da – ara. arasam-

Tavrobos kidev ramdenjerme davukavSirdi, cud dReSi

Cavvardi da momxedeT–meTqi, moiTmineo, ase mipasuxes!

,,sanam petre movida, pavles tyavi gaaZreso“, xom

gagigoniaT, xoda, mec imedi gadamewura, axla imasRa

vfiqrob,gadaxdil Tanxas ra davamato, rom is mewveli

furi wamoviyvano. ar wamoviyvan da im gadaxdil ,,be“s

vinRa damibrunebs?~

xalxis ukmayofileba im arasamTavroboebisadmi

gamoixata, vinc maTTan sxvadasxva SepirebiT mivida,

Tumca araferi gaukeTebiaT.

– ezoebi vin SeRoba? – vekiTxebi xalxs.

– madloba ezos SeRobvisTvis. mavTulbade da bo-

Zebi ,,gaerom“ SegviZina da Cveni ZalebiT SevRobeT“.

vano oTinaSvili ukmayofilebas gamoTqvams imis gamoc,

rom is 200–200 lari, romelic yvela devnilisTvis

iyo gaTvaliswinebuli, mas da mis meuRles ar

Sexvda:

– xan kokaias mivakiTxe ltolvilTa saministroSi,

xan – vis da xan kidev – vis, magram araferi gamovida.

visi imedi viqonioT? – gvekiTxeba imeddakarguli

qemerteli devnili.

,,–gamgeobam Toneebi ki Cayara, magram fiCxi saidan

movitanoT?problemebi Tavzesayari gvaqvs, neta dainteresdeT

da erTi kargi gvariani statia moamzadoT,“

– aseTia aq CasaxlebulTa mier gakeTebuli komentarebi.

xalxisTvis gulsatkenia isic, rom am dasaxlebaSi

arc raime saganmanaTleblo centri funqcionirebs,

arc – sportuli seqcia, arc – gadamzadebis kursebi,

moswavleebi werovnis mesame sajaro (devnilebis)

skolaSi swavloben. me–9 klasis moswavles, giorgi

maisuraZes ,,Tibisi fondi werovanSi“ mier SemodgomiT

ganxorcielebul fsiqo–socialur reabilita-

XIII

ciis treningebze daswrebis didi survili ki hqonda,

magram siaruli ver moaxerxa. amis mTavari mizezi

transportireba iyo. aCabeTidan devnili biWi werovnis

skolaSi diliT im avtobusiT miemgzavreba, romliTac

– sxva bavSvebi da saRamos isev im transportiT

brundeba wilkanSi, riTic diliT imgzavra. treningebi

ki gakveTilebis Semdeg tardeboda. treningze darCenis

SemTxvevaSi mas werovidan wilknamde arsebuli

gzis gavla fexiT mouwevda. aseTi mdgomareoba sxva

bavSvebsac hqondaT. wilkanSi dasaxlebuli moswavleebi,

faqtobrivad, werovanSi arsebul sportul

wreebSi ver erTvebian.

ra gakeTda?

mniSvnelovani, rac wilkanSi bavSvebisTvis gakeTda,

atraqcionia.

am xnis manZilze 4–5 ojaxi erTi sveli wertiliT

sargeblobda. wylis onkanebi dasaxlebaSi

ezoSi ganTavsda. bulaCauris wyals rom gemovnebiT

bevri wyali ver Seedreba, es, devnilebis garda soflis

mosaxleobamac kargad icis. wyali momxmarebels

grafikiT miewodeboda. am mxriv mdgomareoba gaumjobesda.

gasuli wlis bolos gaeros organizaciam

wyali TiTqmis yvela kotejSi Seiyvana.

aq Casaxlebulebi madloblebi arian imiT, rom kotejis

garSemo miwis farTi 90–100 kvadratul metrs

Seadgens.anu es is farTia, sadac TiToeuli ojaxisTvis

mTeli wlisTvis sakmarisi bostneulis moyvana

SeiZleba. mosaxleoba madlobas gamoTqvams gaeros

mimarT ezoebis SeRobvisTvis. axla am dasaxlebaSi

xalxis gancxadebiT „fao“–s organizaciaa Sesuli.

Sesabamisi anketis wardgenis Semdeg, proeqtis mowonebis

SemTxvevaSi devnili 50 procentiT dafinansdeba,

riTic raime saintereso mcire samewarmeo

saqmianobis wamowyebis realuri Sansi miecemaT.

yvelaze umTavresi

aq macxovrebelTa gulistkivili imaSi gamoixateba,

rom ar aqvT sabavSvo baRi. dRemde ver moxerxda

werovnamde arsebuli dangreuli gzis da verc Sida

gzebis moasfalteba.

ufro metad xalxs gadauxuravi aivnebis sakiTxi

awuxebs. amasTan SedarebiT ufro metad ki ––

dasaqmebis problema. da kidev erTi mniSvnelovani,

rasac isini cota xmadabla gvimJRavneben –– sofels

abano esaWiroeba. am mxriv mosawesrigeblad es xalxi

ZiriTadad dedaqalaqSi midis, axloblebTan. gansakuTrebiT

wilknelebi samTavrobo da arasamTavrobo

seqtors aRniSnuli sakiTxis mogvarebas sTxoven.

nana kaxniaSvili

13


sazogadoebrivi problema

yvelam erTad movagvaroT

sazogadoebam ukve kargad icis, rom werovanSi da

wilkanSi Casaxlebuli devnilebis sasaflaosTvis adgili

mcxeTis raionis, Zveli qandis teritoriaze gamoiyo,

sadac ukve 30-mde micvalebuli daikrZala.

gasuli wlis erT–erT nomerSi ,,xeobis macne“ werda,

rom SeuRobav sasaflaoze adgilobrivi mosaxleobis

pirutyvi Sedioda, ris Sedegad bedis ukuRmarTobiT

isedac guldamZimebuli devnilebis sasaflaoze Zalze

arasasurveli suraTi Seiqmna.

arsebuli problemis mosagvareblad iZulebiT

gadaadgilebulebma xan vis miakiTxes da xan _ vis.

sabolood maTi Txovna gulTan axlos soflis rwmunebulma

batonma firuz xoSagaevma miitana da misi

ZalisxmeviT sasaflao SeiRoba. wels ki, Tavi axalma

problemam iCina, – mTel am teritorias ekliani balaxi

moedo. problemis mosagvareblad saWiroa erT dRes

e. w. `SabaTobis mowyoba“. jerjerobiT oficialuri

gancxadeba ar gaukeTebiaT, Tumca am sakiTxze ukve axalgoris

gamgeobis kuluarebSic saubroben.

samwuxarod, mwyobridan gamovida karebic da xSirad

iq isev saqoneli dadis.

iZulebiT gadaadgilebulebis TxovniT mimarTaven adgilobrivi

municipalitetebis xelmZRvanelobas, yvelas,

visac am sakiTxis mosagvareblad raime wvlilis Setanis

SesaZlebloba aqvs, daTqmul dRes moxdes zemoT aRniSnuli

dasaxlebidan xalxis sasaflaomde transportireba

da adamianTa mudmivsamyofelis eklisgan gasufTaveba.

nana kaxniaSvili

gamwvanebis aqcia werovanSi

am dReebSi werovanSi sxvadasxva jiSis xe dairgo.

rogorc axalgoris municipalitetis ,,dasufTavebisa da

keTilmowyobis samsaxuri“–s ufrosi genadi jarmeliSvili

aRniSnavs, maT samsaxurs devnilTa dasaxlebisTvis

1000 Ziri akacia, 1000 ifani da 500 fiWvi axalgoris

maJoritarma deputatma devi ovaSvilma gadasca.

naleqiani amindebis gamo aqcia ramdenime dRes

gagrZelda.

qurTis municipalitetis TanamSromeli vaxtang

miqelaZe aRniSnavs, rom am aqciaSi mniSvnelovani wvlili

liaxvis xeobidan devnilebmac Seitanes.

xeebi sxvadasxva ubanSi dairgo.

gamwvanebis process aq macxovrebeli xalxi exmaureba.

isini moxarulebi arian, radgan miaCniaT, rom am

etapze werovanSi xeebis dargva marTlac mniSvnelovani

da yvelasTvis sasikeTo saqmea.

sxvadasxva azris miuxedavad, gadawyda, rom male

werovanSi ruebis gasufTavebis procesi daiwyeba. amis

Sesaxeb ufro konkretulad Cvens mkiTxvels momaval

nomerSi vauwyebT.

nana kaxniaSvili

14 XIV

mogvarebuli sakiTxi

SaumianSi sasmeli wylis

problema mogvarebulia

qurTis municipalitets werilobiTi TxovniT,

mimarTa Saumianis devnilTa CasaxlebaSi mcxovrebma

mosaxleobam, sadac Casaxlebulia 2008 wlis ruse-

Tis agresiis Sedegad devnili 210 ojaxi. werilSi

isini aRniSnaven, rom Saumianis devnilTa CasaxlebaSi,

devnil mosaxleobas ar miewodeboda sasmeli wyali,

radganac mwyobridan iyo gamosuli WaburRilidan wylis

amomqaCi CayvinTuli tumbos Zravi.

devnil municipalitetebs, ,,adgilobrivi TviTm-

marTvelobis Sesaxeb“ saqarTvelos organul kanonSi

cvlilebis Setanis gziT ufleba miecaT sxva TviTmmarTveli

erTeulis teritoriaze, sadac kompaqturad

arian gansaxlebuli iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli pirebi,

ganaxorcielon devnili mosaxleobis socialuri da

sayofacxovrebo pirobebis gaumjobesebis mizniT sxvadasxva

RonisZiebebi.

qurTis municipalitetma 2011 wlis biujetis

Sesabamisi xarjidan gamoyo 1160 (aTas as samoci)

lari, riTac moxda zemoT aRniSnuli wylis amomqaCi

CayvinTuli tumbos Zravis SeZena da damontaJeba. am

RonisZiebis gatarebis Sedegad Saumianis devnilTa

CasaxlebaSi SesaZlebeli gaxda devnili mosaxleobisaTvis

sasmeli wylis ocdaoTxsaaTiani grafikiT

miwodeba.

Saumianis mosaxleoba madlierebas gamoxatavs qur-

Tis municipalitetisadmi.

qurTis municipaliteti devnilTa sxva kompaqtur

CasaxlebebSic apirebs msgavsi RonisZiebebis gatarebas,

raTa gaumjobesdes devnili mosaxleobis socialuri

da sayofacxovrebo pirobebi.


sporti

lelos gaitanen

cxinvalis regionidan devnili sportskolis moswavleebi

kvlav warmatebulTa sias amSveneben. rogorc

Cvenma mkiTxvelma icis, qurTisa da eredvis

krivisa da Widaobis, aseve safexburTo skolis aRsazrdelebma

araerTi gamarjveba izeimes.

kvlav warmatebuli aRmoCnda axalcixeSi gamar-

Tuli Sejibri. Ria pirveloba krivSi 1–3 aprils

gaimarTa, sadac Cvens sportsmenebs kompetenturma Jiurim

kargad momzadebuli mokriveebi ewoda.

rogorc eredvis krivisa da Widaobis skolis direqtori

roin cotniaSvili aRniSnavs, skolis xelmZ-

Rvaneloba devnili moswavleebis normaluri varji-

Sis pirobebis Sesaqmnelad Zalian bevrs cdilobs.

TbilisSi, kodaSi, SavSvebSi, werovansa da gorSi muSaoben

mwvrTnelebi, romlebic bavSvebs mTli mondomebiT

amecadineben da samagierod, ufrosebis mcdelobas

biWebic saTanadod afaseben – qomagebis gulis

gasaxarad isini warmatebas warmatebaze Rebuloben:

,,axalcixis Ria pirvelobaze marTlac sainteresod

iasparezes moswavleebma, rac maTi mwvrTnelebis, merab

maisuraZis da ivane qristesiaSvilis didi damsaxurebaa.

gundur SejibrSi am orive skolis mokriveebma

me–2 adgili aiRes,“ – gvesaubreba roin cotniaSvili.

sportskolis xelmZRvanelobas imedi aqvs, rom

devnili bavSvebi kvlav warmatebiT iasparezeben sportul

sarbielze da lelos maTTvis sakadrisi SedegebiT

gaitanen. aqve im bavSvTa vinaobas gTavazobT,

romlebmac axalcixeSi gamarTul pirvelobaze monawileoba

miiRes:

1. maisuraZe giorgi – 1 adgili – 38 kg.

2. TaboSvili joto – 1 adgili – 52 kg.

3. vaxtangaSvili Tengo – 1adgili – 42 kg.

4. teraSvili giorgi – 2 adgili – 40 kg.

5. arboliSvili Tornike – 2adgili 36 kg.

mwvrTneli – merab maisuraZe – gori

gunduri – 2 adgili

1. nika borcvaZe – 1 adgili – 75 kg.

2. valiko memarniSvili – 1 adgili – 60 kg.

3. mamuka borcvaZe 2 adgili – 54 kg.

4. levan midodaSvili – 2 adgili – 42 kg.

mwvrTneli – ivane qristesiaSvili – werovani

gunduri 2 adgili

werili dasabeWdad mzad iyo, rodesac sportskolis

direqtori dagvikavSirda da gvamcno, rom saqarTvelos

pirvelobaze aprilSi gamarTul SejibrSi

araerTgzis gamarjvebulma,eredvidan devnilma andro

beruaSvilma gaimarjva (70 kg. woniTi kategoria).

vulocavT andros am gamarjvebas!

XV

male saTaveSi moeqcevian

am sityvebiT iwyebs saubars safexburTo skolis

direqtori ,,xeobis macnesTan“. vaxtang yazaxaSvils

eamayeba, rom devnili fexburTelebi am etapze saqarTvelos

masStabiT erT–erTi saukeTesoebi arian. misi

gancxadebiT, safexburTo gundi, `liaxvi“ amJamad ori

gundisgan Sedgeba,–1993 da 1995 wels dabadebuli

vaJebi warmatebisadmi interess mTeli mondomebiT

avlenen. ,,amis Sesaxeb maTive Sedegebi metyvelebs.

ufrosi gundic da umcrosic gulmodgined cdilobs

gamarjvebas, winsvlas da warmatebas, risTvisac minda

TiToeuli maTganisadmi uaRresad didi madloba

gamovxato.aqve davamateb imas, rom am etapze Tavisi

SedegebiT saqarTvelos masStabiT gansakuTrebuli

mainc 1995 wlianTa gundia. igi 14 gundian gaTamaSebaSi

ukve me–2 adgilzea,“–gvesaubreba igi.

mimdinare wlis aprilis Sedegebi aseTia:

1993 wels dabadebul vaJTa gundma ,,liaxvma“

(mwvrTneli gigla imnaZe) stumrad iTamaSa

,,goliadorTan“,romelic daamarcxa angariSiT 2:0.

rogorc fexburTis moyvarulebi mesaubrebian, sakmaod

saintereso da daZabuli Sexvedra Sedga ,,liaxvsa“

da Tbilisis ,,dinamos“ Soris. aRsaniSnavia,

rom saturniro gaTamaSebaSi ,,dinamo“ me–2 adgilzea

da am Sexvedris gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi Tanatol

gundTa Soris lider gundad CaiTvleboda, Tumca man

ver daZlia winaaRmdegoba da es TamaSi fred 1:1

dasrulda.

1995 wels dabadebul vaJTa gundma ,,liaxvi“

(mwvrTnelebi ivane babuciZe da zurab qristesiaSvili)

aseve warmatebiT daasrula Tbilisis safexburTo

skolasTan Sexvedra. safexburTo skola ,,pirveli“

stumrad myofma devnilebma daamarcxes angariSiT 1:2,

xolo Semdgomi Sexvedra gaTamaSebis erTpirovnul

liderTan Tbilisis ,,SevardenTan~ Sedga, unda aRiniSnos,

rom ,,Sevardeni~ gasul wels elit–ligis Cempioni

gaxldaT da TamaSs am sezonzec didi warmatebiT

agrZelebs. mas 18 TamaSidan 17 gamarjveba hqonda,

Tumca es Sexvedra misTvis sabediswero aRmoCnda. mas

xeobidan devnilTa gundma mougo angariSiT 1:0. Zlier

gundTan gamarjvebiT ,,liaxvma“ gulSematkivarTa

mxridan kidev ufro meti simpaTia daimsaxura.

21 aprils, 35–e safexburTo skola ,,orsa“ da

1995 wels dabadebul vaJTa gund ,,liaxvs’“Soris

Sexvedras mTavrobis warmomadgenlebic daeswrnen.

stumrad myofma ,,liaxvma“ kvlav gamarjveba izeima

angariSiT 2:0.

,,madloba maJoritar deputat badri basiSvils,

mTavrobis wevrs, kaxa goCaSvils da qurTis municipalitetis

sakrebulos Tavmjdomares, goderZi nebieriZes

imisaTvis, rom dainteresdnen da movidnen,“–

aRniSnavs vaxtang yazaxaSvili.

am etapze 1995–wliani ,,liaxvelebi“ 14 gundian

gaTamaSebaSi meore adgilze arian da biWebi imedovneben,

rom saturniro gaTamaSebaSi sul male saTaveSi

moeqcevian, amis imeds maT sakuTari Sedegebi aZlevT

– mimdinare sezonze devnil vaJTa gunds xom dRemde

ar waugia!

nana kaxniaSvili

15


90-iani wlebis dasawyisSi samaCabloSi ganviTarebuli

sayovelTaod cnobili movlenebis Semdgom

am regionidan devnili qarTuli mosaxleobis didi

nawili gorSi dasaxlda. mSobliuri kar-midamodan

iZulebiT gadaadgilebulma mosaxleobam maSinve scada

devnilobaSi ramdenime iseTi organizaciis aRdgena,

romelic manamde cxinvalSi funqcionirebda

da am adamianebisaTvis sulier, Tu inteleqtualur

sazrdos warmoadgenda. ase gaCnda 1993 wels gorSi

safexburTo klub `cxinvalis~ Camoyalibebis idea.

am saqmis mTavari sulisCamdgmeli, devnilobamde cxinvalis

stadionis direqtori faco nasuaSvili gaxldaT.

misma ideam qveynis xelisuflebaSic maSinve

hpova mxardaWera, magram es mxolod cxinvalis `cxinvalis~

dafuZnebis procesSi gaweul mxardaWeraSi

gamoixata. sxva mxriv baton facos da gundis Seqmnis

sxva inciciatorebs faqtobrivad carieli xelebiT

uwevdaT saqmis gaZRola. udaod gmirobis tolfasia,

rom nasuaSvili `qarTlis~ stadionze bazirebuli

`cxinvals~ wlebis ganmavlobaSi TiTqmis uangarod

Tavkacobda. amasTan, metad mcire odenobis jamagiriT

SeZlo man fexburTlebisa da mwvrTnelebis Senar-

Cunebac 1999 wlamde. am wels qveynis centraluri

biujetidan dafinansebuli maTi klubis biujeti ukve

80 aTasi lari gaxda, magram Cveulebisamebr arc aseTi

Tanxaa fexburTis gundis normaluri funqcionirebisaTvis

sakmarisi, Tumca batonma facom klubi araTu

SeinarCuna, aramed misi meoredan umaRles ligamde

aRzevebac SeZlo!

`cxinvalis~ Camoyalibebidanve igi gunds umeteswil

iseTi moTamaSeebiT akompleqtebda, romlebic yofili

samxreT oseTis safexburTo klubebs, an safexbur-

To skolebs warmoadgendnen. garda qarTvelebisa

`cxinvalSi~ asparezobdnen Sida qarTlis regionSi

mcxovrebi osi erovnebis sportsmenebi da wlebis ganmavlobaSi

TamaSobda osi erovnebis ramdenime iseTi

fexburTelebic ki, romlebic imavdroulad cxinvalSi

cxovrobdnen.

erTxans gundis kapitani cxinvalis mkvidri, eTnikuri

osi, slava margievi gaxldaT, romelic 1990

wels saqarTvelos erovnuli safexburTo Cempionatis

gariJraJs cxinvalis `liaxvSi~ Sexvda, mere

iqidan erTxans ukve qarTvelebis gareSe darCenili

safexburTo klubSic gairja da swored nasuaSvilis

mecadineobiT bolos isev saqarTvelos Cempionats

daubrunda amjerad klub `cxinvalis~ rigebSi.

maSin erT-erTi qarTuli gazeTisaTvis micemul interviuSi

margievs isic ar daumalavs, rom mSobliur

qalaqSi garkveuli problemebic Seeqmna Tavisi safexburTo

karieris qarTul klubSi gagrZelebis gamo.

`ramdenime Tanaqalaqelma araerTxel misayvedura Cemi

saqarTvelos CempionatSi asparezobis gamo. lamis

moRalatedac CamTvales, magram me Cems qmedebaSi ver

vxedav problemas. Cven yvelaferi unda gavakeToT Cveni

erebis xelaxali daaxloebisaTvis da mgonia, rom

Cemi saqarTvelos CempionatSi asparezobac am gzaze

16

XVI

sporti

samaCablos da fexburTis

siyvaruliT

gadadgmuli erTi nabijia~ _ ambobda igi. saintersoa,

rom margievs vidre asaki da fizikuri kondiciebi

uwyobda xels cxinvalis `cxinvali~ ar dautovebia.

klubis xelmZRvanelis mier arCeuli saklubo

politikis gamo aq Tavi moiyares da erTmaneTis

gverdiT burTs agorebdnen rogorc qarTveli, ise

osi erovnebis moTamaSeebi. Sesabamisad `cxinvalis~

arsebobis upirveles principadac mudam aRniSnuli

sakiTxi iTvleboda.

qarTvelebisa da osebis erT safexburTo gundSi

warmatebiT gaerTianebis mTavari Semoqmedi ki pirvel

yovlisa faco nasuaSvili iyo. igi mogvianebiT ukve

dimitri sanakoevis mondomebiT Camoyalibebul safexburTo

klub `spartakisTvisac~ zrunavda. swored

`qarTlis~ stadionze marTavda da marTavs `spartaki~

saSinao Sexvedrebs Cveni qveynis CempionatSi.

am arenis saxarbielod movlil-davarcxnil balaxis

safarze xSirad saqebari sityvebi ar dauSurebiaT

morigi kalendaruli matCisas stumrad Camosuli

wamyvani qarTuli klubebis mesveurT. calsaxad nasuaSvilis

damsaxurebad unda miviCnioT bolo xans

cxinvalis `spartakis~ TamaSebze qomagTa raodenobis

zrda.

2008 wlis agvistos saomari moqmedebebis Semdeg

iZulebiT gadaadgilebul devnilTa garkveuli

nawili `qarTlis~ arenis siaxloves daasaxles. batonma

facom farTod gauRo stadionis kari fexburTis

TamaSis mosurne patarebs da maleve isini,

Seqmna-ra bavSvTa safexburTo klubi `samaCablo~ _

erT gundSi gaaerTiana. `mSobliuri garemodan mowyveta

mec gamovcade da cxadia Zalian mtkivneuli

iyo. me vicodi raoden Znelia ufrosi asakis adamianisTvisac

ki uceb kar midamos dakargva da marTalia

isev sakuTar saxelmwifoSi, magram garkveulwilad

ucxo garemoSi dasaxleba. rodesac agvistos omis

mere Cvens stadionTan naRvlian Tvalebiani liaxvis

xeobeli patarebi vnaxe, maSinve gadavwyvite, rom `qar-

Tlis~ bazaze bavSvTa safexburTo skola Semeqmna da

patara devnilebisTvis fexburTis siyvaruli gameRvi-

Zebina. Tanac sportiT dakavebuli bavSvis swor gzas

acdenis Sansic xom bevrad mcirea~ _ gviTxra bavSvTa

`samaCablos~ gaxsnaze batonma facom.

samwuxarod am amagdari kacis guli ramdenime dRis

win gaCerda. batoni faco 63 wlis asakSi gardaicvala

da gadauWarbeblad SegviZlia vTqvaT, rom iqve

dasrulda devnilTa fexburTis erTi mniSvnelovani

etapic, romelic misi sirTulidan gamomdinare SesaZloa

grandiozuli warmatebebiT daxunZluli ar

yofila, magram mSobliuri kuTxisa da fexburTis siyvaruliT

aRsavse da nayofieri namdvilad iyo!

specialurad

JurnalisaTvis

`liaxvis xeoba~

vasil balaxaZe


ganaTleba

goris universitetis aqtiuri cxovreba da

SvilebTan saubars monatrebuli reqtori

Ggiorgi sosiaSvili:

disciplina,

patiosneba da

profesionalizmi

,,liaxvis xeoba” goris universitets estumra,

romelsac saTaveSi sul axlaxans giorgi sosiaSvili

Caudga. ambobs, rom samaCablo wlebis ganmavlobaSi

misi sakvlevi Tema iyo. interviu odnav mogvianebiT,

manamde ki misi mokle biografiuli Strixebi::

daibada goris raionis sofel dicSi. daamTavra dicis

saSualo skola, ris Semdegac cxinvalis saxelmwifo

pedagogiur institurSi Cairicxa, romelic daam-

Tavra 1999 wels. amis Semdeg Caabara i.javaxiSvilis

saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis aspiranturaSi,

saqarTvelos istoriis specialobaze. iqve

daicva disertacia 2005 wels, Temaze ,,samaCablos istoria~,

sxvadasxva dros muSaobda sxvadasxva samsaxurebSi,

maT Soris 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi oyo ,,goris

moambis~ Jurnalisti. mogvianebiT arCeul iqna JurnalistTa

federaciis wevrad. muSaobda aseve dicis

saSualo skolaSi istoriis maswavleblad. goris

universitetis mravaldargovan kolejSi istoriis

leqtorad. cxinvalis pedagogiur institutSi laborantad,

ufros maswavleblad, goris unoversitetSi

arCevis wesiT dainiSna asocirebul profesorad. 2

saswavleblis gaerTianebis Semdeg ki goris saswavlo

universitetis profesorad muSaobda. 2010 wlamde_

goris saganmanaTleblo resurscentrs xelmZRvanelobda,

2011 wlis 17 Tebervlidan ki oficialurad

dainiSna goris universitets reqtorad. yavs meuRle

marika mZinariSvili, romelic muSaobs dicis sajaro

skolaSi da 2 Svili: 15 wlisNnodari da 11 wlis

naTia, romlebic amave skolis moswavleebi arian.

B_ batono giorgi, oficialurad daniSvnamde ramdenime

Tvis ganmavlobaSi asrulebdiT reqtoris

movaleobas, ra situacia dagxvdaT da ra siaxleebi

SeitaneT universitetis cxovrebaSi?

_ minda giTxraT, rom TviTon saswavlebeli Zalian

did tradiciebs eyrdnoba, mogexsenebaT rom

am SenobaSi jer arsebobda nikoloz baraTaSvilis

pedagogiuri instituti, Semdeg Camoyalibda ekonmikuri

saswavlebeli, bolos ukve goris universiteti

daarsda. raT qma unda yvela adamiani, rodesac axal

samsaxurSi iwyebs moRvaweobas uCndeba axali xedva,

axali ideebi da mec raTqma unda axali gegmebiT

XVII

movedi, minda rom goris universiteti ara mxolod

regionSi aramed mTeli qveynis masStabiT gaxdes

erT-erTi mowinave umaRlesi saswavlebeli, romelic

Tamamad daakmayofilebs Tanamedrove standartebs da

gaxdeba yvela kursdamTavrebulisTvis sasurveli

saswavlebeli. rodesac abiturienti avsebs ganacxads

da irCevs goris universitets Cven ufleba ar gvaqvs

mas ar davaxvedroT studentisTvis jansaR urTier-

Tobebze orientirebuli garemo. amitom Cven daviwyeT

sxvadasxva mimarTulebiT siaxleebis Semotana, es Seexeba

rogorc Sefasebis sistemis daxvewas, ise akademiuri

programebis modernizacias, aseve profesormaswavleblebis

waxalisebis sistemas, maSin rodesac

profesori umaRles saswavlebelSi umaRlesi saxea,

rTulia, rom mas gaaCndes jamagiris problema.

_ iyo es problema?

_ zogadad aseTi midgoma arsebobda, ar iyo meti

resursi saswavlebelSi, me amas veravis ver davabraleb

bunebrivia, magram Cven SevZeliT, garkveuli

Tanxebis dazogvis xarjze, warmomadgenlobiTi sab-

Wos msjelobis Sedegad, momdariyo profesorebis

xelfasebis mateba. rac daricxuli saxiT 800 lars

Seadgenda. ramdenime TveSi ki es Tanxa 1000-laramde

gaizarda. ra Tqma unda esec ar ris sakmarisi magram

SevecdebiT etapobrivad gavaumjobesoT maTi materialuri

mdgomareoba. rodesac profesori Sedis studentebTan

mas unda hqondes garantia, rom misi ojaxi

mSieri ar iqneba, sxvanairad maRalxarisxian leqcias

is ver Caatarebs. garda amisa, Cven davnergeT waxalisebis

sxvadasxva sistema, kerZod, akademiur sabWos

sxdomaze gatanil da damtkicebul iqna sakiTxi, romlis

mixedviTac profesori, romelic aqtiuradaa Car-

Tuli sxvadasxva profesiul gamocemebSi, mas miecema

garkveuli fuladi premiebi.

_ rac Seexeba SemoqmedebiT wreebs, ramdenad mravalferovania

am mxriv dRes goris universiteti?

_Bbevri studenti, rodesac Cvens universitetSi

Semodis marto mecnierebaze orientirebuli ar aris.

mas surs sakuTari potencialis realizeba moaxdinos,

swored am mizniT Cven CamovayalibeT qoreografiuli

studia, romelmac ukve gvasaxela da TurqeTis

qalaq nazilSi gamarTul festivalze pirveli ad-

17


gili aiRo. garda amisa arsebobs, literaturuli wre,

inteleqtualTa klubi, Teatraluri dasi. saerTo

jamSi TiToeul students saSualeba aqvs leqciebis

dasrulebis Semdeg CaerTos sxvadasxva sportul Tu

kulturul aqtivobebSi ra Tqma unda sruliad ufasod.

amas garda goris universitetSi aqtiurad keTdeba

aqcenti samecniero konferenciebis mowyobaze.

rac wels ukve mesamed maisSi igegmeba.

goris universitetSi swavloben aseve devnili

studentebic ra SeRavaTebiT sargebloben isini?

_ amasTan dakavSirebiT mogaxsenebT, rom TviTmmarTvelobas

aqvs Camoyalibebuli garkveuli pozicia.

Cveni rekomendaciiT SemuSavda konkretuli kreiteriumebi,

romlis mixedviTac xdeba ara mxolod

iZulebiT gadaadgilebulTa, aramed socialurad

daucveli studentebisTvis swavlis gadasaxadze Se-

RavaTis daweseba. maTi ganacxadebis ganxilva dafinansebis

Sesaxeb da Sesabamisi gadawyvetilebis miReba

ukve TviTmarTvelobis prerogativaa.Mmiuxedavad

Cveni mwiri biujetisa aucileblad SevecdebiT, rom

CamovayaliboT specialuri programa, rac aRniSnul

kategorias swavlis pirobebs gauumjobesebs.

_ rac Seexeba Tqvens samuSao reJims, ramdenad datvirTulia

goris universitetis reqtoris erTi Cveulebrivi

dRe.

_ yoveldRiurad drois ukmarisobis gancda meufleba,

saerTod Tavisufali drois SegrZneba ar

maqvs,Cemi Tavisufali droa, roca vwer, roca meZleva

saSualeba prozaSi vimuSao da raRac axali Sevqmna.

es CemTvis gantvirTvis wuTebia. samsaxurSi yoveldRe

soflidan davdivar, mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi

uamravi saqme, Sexvedrebi da a.S. roca sazogadoeba

ndobas gicxadebs konkretul ,,ubanze~, ufleba ar

gaqvs Tavisufali droiT ganebivrde.

_ aseTi datvirTuli reJimis fonze rogor SeafasebdiT

sakuTar Tavs, rogori mamaa giorgi sosia-

Svili?

Yyvela mamas Tavi warmoudgenia, rom aris Zalian

kargi mSobeli, mosiyvarule, Tumca aqve imasac getyviT,

rom Cemi Svilebi monatrebulni arian CemiT da

me maTTan ,,mamobrivi~ saubriT, rodesac saxlSi

vbrundebi ukve Zalian gviania da faqtiurad amis

dro namdvilad aRar mrCeba. vcdilob maTi aRzrdis

saqmeSi wvlili SabaT-kviras mainc Sevitano.

_ ramdenad mkacri xelmZRvaneli hyavT goris universitetis

TanamSromlebs?

_ saerTod Cemi moRvaweobis formulireba movaxdine

aseTi saxiT: disciplina, patiosneba da profesionalizmi.

es is Tvisebebia, romelTa gareSec adamianis

cxovreba ver warmomidgenia. me TviTon var

sakuTari Tavis mimarT metad momTxovni. sakuTari

moRvaweobisTvis rom gadamixedia, dagegmili cxovrebiT

movdivar dRemde. vici ra unda gavakeTo. roca

adamiani amas xvdeba warmatebis miRweva ukve aRaraa

rTuli. ,,bedniereba misi xvedria vinc bevrs Sromobso~.

Sroma aucilebelia ojaxSic da samsaxurSic me

viTxov TanamSromlebisgan rom maqsimalurad gaarTvan

Tavi sakuTar movaleobas.Kkolegialoba kidev calke

Temaa me am sakiTxSi mzad var yvelasTan. magram rogorc

ukve giTxariT Cemi moTxovnac da pasuxismgeblobac

yovelTvis zemoT aRniSnul 3 aspeqtzea orientirebuli.

esaubraNnino CibCiuri

18 XVIII

ganaTleba

xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma

studentebs ,,studenturi dReebi -

2011~-is gaxsna miuloces

gorSi dRes adgilobrivi xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma

goris saswavlo universitetis studentebs

,,studenturi dReebi - 2011“-is gaxsna miuloces. studenturi

dReebis gaxsnasTan dakavSirebiT univesitetis

pirvel korpusSi RonisZieba gaimarTa, romelsac

samTavisisa da goris mitropoliti andria (gvazava),

adgilobrivi xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi, sazogado

moRvaweebi, profesor - maswavleblebi da studentebi

eswrebodnen. meufe andriam daloca studentebi.

maT RvTis wyaloba da samomavlod warmatebebi usurva.

RonisZiebis dros Sida qarTlis gubernatorma

zurab arsoSvilma prezidendis stipendianti studentebi

sigelebiT daajildova. ,,studenturi dReebi

- 2011“-is farglebSi sxvadasxva saxis sportuli,

gasarTobi da kulturul-SemoqmedebiTi RonisZiebebi

moewyoba. RonisZiebebis mizania axalgazrdebis erTmaneTTan

daaxloeba, jansaRi cxovrebis wesis popularizacia

da studentebis waxaliseba.,,studenturi

dReebi - 2011“ pirvel ivniss dasruldeba.

amerikis elCi gorSi imyofeboda

jon basi aSS saelCos dafinansebiT axalgazrda

iuristTa asociaciis mier ganxorcielebuli proeqtis

farglebSi gamarTuli konkursis Sedegebs

gaecno da gamarjveulTa dajildoebis ceremonials

daeswro. proeqtis farglebSi Catarda 2 konkursi

sadac kandidatebs naxatebi da piesebi unda waredginaT

ojaxuri Zaladobis Temaze.

,,moxaruli var rom kvlav Sida qarTlis regionSi

vimyofebi es proeqti ZiriTadad adgilnacval pir-

Ta CasaxlebebSi ganxorcielda. cnobilia, rom da am

regionSi omis Semdeg ojaxuri Zaladobis faqtebi

sakmaod gaxSirda. aseTi proeqtebis ganxorcielebiT

vcdilobT Cveni wvlili SevitanoT mosaxleobis gacnobierebasa

da masze sazogadoebis mier yuradRebis

mipyrobaSi, ”_ ganacxada jon basma.

,,_treningebi devnilTa 21-ve Casaxlebasa da saz-

Rvrispira soflebSi CavatareT, movawyeT mrgvali

magidebi. Cveni mizani iyo devnilTa integracia da

ojaxSi Zaladobisa Tu trefikingis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT

mosaxleobis informaciuli uzrunvelyofa.

_aRniSna iuristma qeTi bebiaSvilma.

organizatorTa ganmartebiT,Ddagegmilia gamarjvebuli

scenaris mixedviT ,,ojaxuri Zaladobis~

faqtis dadgma da Cveneba, ris Sedegadac masze msjeloba

gaimarTeba.


sxva da sxva

nikoloz oTinaSvili cxinvalis gamocemebs

specialur werils umzadebs

cxinvalidan devnili, enaTmecnieri nikoloz

oTinaSvili defaqto respublikis kontrolze

daqvemdebarebul gamocemebs specialur werils umzadebs.

misi informaciiT, cxinvalSi ibeWdeba wignebi

da gazeTebi sadac istoriuli detalebi damaxinjebuladaa

asaxuli. n. oTinaSvilis SefasebiT aseTi saxiT

kokoiTis qveSevrdomebi cdiloben momaval Taobas istoriuli

faqtebis Sesaxeb gayalbebuli informacia

miawodon da damaxinjebuli ideologiiT aRzardon.

amis magaliTad qarTvel enaTqmecniers konkretuli

magliTebi mohyavs:

,,osuri mxare

axal Taobas

gayalbebul

istorias

awvdis~

,,_ yofil reqtorsa da istorikoss iulia gagloevs,

cxinvalSi gamoucia wigni da analogiuri

Sinaarsis werilebi ibeWdeba rusulenovan gazeT ,,respublikaSic~

sadac damaxinjebul informaciebTan er-

Tad ganmartebulia isic, rom qarTvelebma istoriuli

faqtebi ise asaxes, rogorc es Tavad awyobdaT~_aseTi

saxis werilebis gavrceleba cxinvalSi sistematiurad

xdeba, amitom gadavwyvite maT avtorebs saTanado

pasuxi gavce, realoba maTTvis ucnobia, an yvelaferi

kargad ician da amis aRiareba ar surT. maT calkeuli

ambiciebi gaaCniaT, yalbi istoriebi iwereba. qarTul

enas mTel msoflioSi swavloben, mis gareSe

arcerTi civilizacia ar aixsneba, es magaT ar undaT

rom gaigon, zogierT oss, Tavis damcirebad miaCnia

qarTuli enis qeba, ara da vaxuSti bagrationi osebs

ganixilavda mxolod saqarTvelosTan kavSirSi.

vfiqrob Tu aseTi azrovnebis SenarCuneba gaagrZeles,

osebs aq ki ara mTel kavkasiaSi SeeqmnebaT problemebi.

mimaCnia, rom ufro aqtiurad unda amoZravdes

saxalxo diplomatia, simarTle unda vuTxraT erTmaneTs~_aRniSnavs

nikoloz oTinaSvili.

specialurad osuri mxarisTvis Sedgenil gamoxmaurebas,

romelzec nikoloz oTinaSvili muSaobs

,,liaxvis xeobis~ momdevno nomerSic daibeWdeba.

Nnino CibCiuri

XIX

axagazrdebis roli konfliqtebis

daregulirebasa da urTierTobebis

damyarebaSi

qarTvel da os axalgazrdebs urTierT daaxloebisa

da kavSirebis damyarebisken politologma gia

JorJolianma specialurad Jurnal ,,liaxvis xeobidan~

mouwoda. misi azriT axalgazrdebi dRes ukve

mzad arian, rom ara politikaze, aramed sxvadasxva

cxovrebiseul sakiTxebze saerTo ena gamonaxon da

erTad imsjelon ama Tu im sferoSi arsebuli problemebis

mogvarebis gzebze.

,,_ me vfiqrob ufro Tamamad unda aiRon TaviaanT

Tavze pasuxismgebloba, maTi SesaZleblobebidan gamomdinare.

yvela sakiTxis myisieri gadawyveta ra Tqma

unda SeuZlebelia, magram maT unda daiwyon mcdeloba

nabij-nabij gadawyviton umwvavesi problemebi da upasuxon

im urTules gamowvevebs, romlebic Cveni qveynis

winaSe dgas. maT rogorme unda SeZlon daamyaron

kavSirebi, daiwyon urTierTobebi, daiwyon msjelobebi,

Cvens TanamoZme afxazebTan da osebTan. magaliTad ganaTlebis,

jandacvis, ekonomikis da a.S. problemebze,

rac SeiZleba namdvilad iyos soxumsa da cxinvalSi.

gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs pirad kontaqtebs,

kavSirebs, gamoyenebul iqnas socialuri qselebi, romlebic

iseT perspeqtivebsa da SesaZleblobebs qmnis,

rac aqamde miuRweveli iyo. aman SeiZleba gadalaxos

yovelgvari sazRvrebi, mTavrobebis ganwyobebi da ramdenadac

vxedav aseTi aqtivobebi ukve dawyebulia.

rac meti iqneba aseTi iniciativebi, miT met progress

miviRebT~_aRniSnavs politologi gia JorJoliani.

Ppolitologebisa da eqspertebis garkveuli

nawili fiqrobs, rom arsebuli rTuli viTarebis daregulirebaSi

axalgazrdebs mniSvnelovani rolis

Sesruleba SeuZliaT. maTive informaciiT am mosazrebas

soxumeli da cxinvaleli axali Taobis nawilic

iziarebs da mzad arian politikis gverdis avliT

qarTvelebTan erTad sxvadasxva aqtualur sakiTxebze

erToblivi Sexedulebebi gamoxaton da saerTo saintereso

Temebze erTad imsjelon.

nino CibCiuri

19


am cota xnis winaT cxinvalSi gamomaval gazeT `respublikaSi~

romelic rusul enaze ibeWdeba, mkiTxvels

SesTavaza xelmocaruli `mecnieris~ vinme zarbeg

jagaevis statia, romelic Tavisi SexedulebiT Turme

zemo qarTlSi arasodes ucxovria da sxva misTanani.

amaze ra Tqma unda pasuxi male gaeca da amJamad

Cveni Jurnalis mkiTxvels vTavazobT zemodxsenebuli

anTroponimuli modelis Sesaxeb, romelsac

qarTveloba didi xnidan atarebs, gansxvavebiT Tundac

osebisagan, romlebic gvian arian Crdilo kavkasiaSi

mosulebi. gvari maTTvis ucxo ram iyo, rac axlac

asea. osini sakuTar gvars ar atareben, radgan saer-

Tod ar gaaCniaT aseTi ram.

qarTuli gvar-saxeli dokumenturad ukve meSvide

saukuneSi gvxvdeba. qristianobis miRebis Semdeg sparsuli

saxelebi Secvala kanonizebulma qristianulma

saxelebma.

`qarTlis cxovrebis~ pirvel tomSi warCinebulTa

Soris ukve gxvdeba zviadi da kaxaberi. mTis regionebSi

SemorCa gaanTroponimebuli qarTuli sityvebi:

irema, loma, lekvia, mgela, mercxala, rCeula,

saZagela, futkara, qoria, SoSia, Cqaria, ZaRlia, ciskara,

xmala da mravali sxva. qarTul gvar-saxelTa siRrmeSia

warmoqmnili. CvenTan moxda gvarovnuli gvaris

jer gviandel gvarSi, Semdeg gvar-saxelSi gadasvla.

memkvidreobiTi saxelis gareSe qarTuli enobriv-eTnikuri

samyaro arasodes yofila. pirovnebebi qar-

Tul saistorio sabuTebSi, ZeglebSi Cawerili arian,

rogorc saxeliTa da gvariT, ise saxeliT, mamis saxeliTa

da gvarsaxeliT. es dokumentebia: XIII_XIV

saukuneebis qsnis erisTavTa sagvareulo matiane ,,Zegli

erisTavTa~, Semdgomi saukunis ,,gergeTis sulTa

matiane~, ikorTis Jamn-gelani, cxinvalis XVII saukunis

davTari, 1715 wlis frones xeobis dafTari

da sxvebi sadac saerTod ar aris osis xseneba da

modeli da eTnikuroba mTlianad qarTulia, rac ase

aRizianebT Sovinistebs. es imitom aRizianebT, rom

qarTuli kulturis zeoba TavianT Seuracxyofad miaCniad

da cdiloben daaZvelon TavianTi `kultura~,

magram faqts ver gaeqcevian, radgan yvelaferi sicrue

aris da iqneba.

mejudis xeobis sofel breTis IX_X saukuneebis

asomTavruli warwera mogviTxrobs `qriste meufeo

yovelTao, adide erisTavT-erisTavi ioane Ze bakur yan-

Caelisa~, erisTavisa da erisTavT_erisTavis tituls

axsenebs X saukunis Zeglebis dodoTis, borcsjvris,

tbeTis warwerebi, sadac vkiTxulobT `adiden RmerTo

erisTavi-erisTavi ioane~.

gvarsaxeli esaa memkvidreobiTi saxeli, romelic

oTxi Taobis ganmavlobaSi mainc gadaecema Taobidan

Taobas. Semdgom aseTi modelebi icvleboda, radgan

politikuri movlenebis Sedegad Zveli qreboda da

axali warmoiSoboda, magram modeli mainc rCeboda.

zemoTxsenebuli asomTavruli warwerebi ki ukvdavi

Zeglebia da Cveni xalxis saukunovan gamZleobaze

miuTiTebs.

Zvel ZeglebSi ZiriTadad oTxi jgufis gvarsax-

20 XX

sxva da sxva

isev anTroponimebis anu

gvarebis Sesaxeb

elebi gvxvdeba. esenia: eponimuri, eTnonimuri, geografiuli

da profesiuli. eponimur gvarsaxelebs

safuZvlad udevT winapris saxeli. magaliTad oTinadanjer

miviReT OoTinasZe, Semdeg oTinaSvili (dirbis

eklesiis X saukunis asomTavruli warwera), go-

Cadan_ goCaSvili, eliozidan _ elioziSvili da sxva.

eTnonimur gvarsaxelebs miekuTvnebian: ZurZukeTidan

_ ZurZuki, dvaleTidan _ dvali an dvaliSvili,

dvaliZe, dvalaZe, basianidan _ basiSvili da sxva.

geografiul gvarebs Cveni mxridan ganekuTvnebian:

xideSidan _ xidaSeli, kasriskaridan _ kasraZe, Jameridan

_ Jamereli, qemertidan _ qemerteliZe, Tuxarisidan

_ Tuxareli, borcvisjvridan _ borcvaZe da sxva.

Cveni gvarsaxelebis originaloba da TavisTavadoba

maTi mawarmoeblebis mravalricxovnobaSi gamoixateba

_ Ze, _ Svili, _ ian, _ ur, _ Si, _ fxe, _ Xee da sva.

isini ZiriTadad krebiTobis, kuTvnilebis, sadaurobis

gamomxatvelni arian. TviT _ Ta da _ Ti sufiqsebi,

romlebiTac Cveni gvarebi formdeba osebmac

gadaiRes da dRes isini TavianT kuTvnilebad miaCniaT,

magram es ase ar aris, imitom, rom rogorc CvenSi

aRniSnuli sufiqsebi geografiul da kuTvnilebis

aRsaniSnavad gamoiyeneboda da axlac gamoiyeneba osebma

qarTuli tomis dvalebisgan SeiTvises, romlebic

kavkasionis qedis iqiTa da aqeTa samxreTis kalTebze

cxovrobdnen da asemilireba ganicades osTagan.

Tumca yvela geografiuli saxeli dResac qarTulia

da qarTuli enis meSveoobiT ixsneba.

nikoloz oTinaSvili

sul male taZris

kurTxeva

moxdeba

werovanSi wminda giorgis saxelobis taZari aSenda.

iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli xalxi fiqrobs, rom

amiT metad sasikeTo saqme gakeTda, radgan isedac

uamravi problemebiT aRsavse devnilebs maTgan erT–

erTi mniSvnelovani moexsnaT. aqamde maTi nawili wirva-locvaze

sxvagan dadioda.

,,– mas mere, rac xeobidan wamovediT, Cveni mrevli

wirva-locvas dedaqalaqSi, samebis sakaTedro taZar-

Si eswreba. garda amisa, Cven erTmaneTs vnaxulobT,

vsaubrobT, rac fsiqologiuri ganmuxtvis erT-erTi

saSualebaa. TbilisSi wasvlas yovelTvis ver vaxerxebT.xan

dro ar gvaqvs, xan ki arc – samgzavro

fuli. axla ki es sakiTxi mogvarda, werovnis axladaSenebul

taZarSi vivliT.“ – ZarwemSi cxovrebis

dros nana kasraZe, soflis sabavSvo baRSi aRmzrdel–

maswavleblad muSaobda, kviraobiT da sxva dResac,

rom gaigebda wirva tardeboda, igi qurTis eklesiaSi

dadioda, ramdenime kilometris gavla xSirad fexiT

uxdeboda, Tumca sulieri sazrdo misTvis imdenad


eligia

mniSvnelovania, arc axla da arc maSin eklesiamde

fexiT siaruli ar ezareboda. nana niqozis eklesiaSic

xSirad dadioda. masTan erTad taZrisken mimaval

bevr Zarwemels, qemertels da kexvels SeniSnavdiT.

mrevli erTmaneTs axla ukve werovanSi xvdeba,

– qalbatono dodo, ras niSnavs TqvenTvis taZarSi

yofna da galoba?

– mZime cxovrebiseuli pirobebi gvaqvs. naTqvamiT

javri naxevrdebao, xom gagigoniaT da Cvenc, Cven

saTqmels erTmaneTs vuambobT. amiT TiTqos vTavisufldebiT.

galoba ki imdenad saocaria, TiTqos sxva

samyaroSi xar, TiTqos miuwvdomels wvdebi...

– axerxebT, rom ojaxs Tavi daaRwioT?

– rasac guliT moisurveb, is saqme aucileblad

gamova. TiToeuli adamianisTvis taZarSi siaruli,

wirva-locvebi da biblia, miTumetes dRevandel qaosur

yofaSi Zalian bevrs unda niSnavdes. sami Svilis

dedas saqmis meti ra maqvs, magram yvela saqmes protests

vucxadeb da sulis gadasarCenad taZarSi mivdivar.

mimaCnia, rom es yvelaze mniSvnelovani saqmea.

– batono vaxtang, visi iniciativiT aigo taZari?

– (saamSeneblo kompaniis inJineri, vaxtang sixaruliZe)

iniciativa xalxis mxridan wamovida. moTxovnas,

cxadia, mxari sapatriarqomac dauWira. samSeneblo

saqmianoba mcxeTa–mTianeTis gubernator cezar Co-

Celis didi mxardaWeriT samSeneblo kompaniam ,,niu

enerji“-m ganaxorciela. rogorc xedavT, taZari ukve

aSnebuli da keTilmowyobilia, mwyobrSia aseve satrapezo

da kelia. brebi da WaRebi, iseve, rogorc

sxva mowyobiloba, prestiJul maRazia ,,axal naTeba“–

Si SeviZineT da 900 lari marto amaSi gadavixadeT.

ezo, romelsac sakmaod didi farTi ukavia, filebiT

mopirkeTda.

– anu samuSaoebi dasrulda?

– ki, TiTqmis. bolo etapia. imedia, mrevls guls

gavuxarebT da male taZari srul mzadyofnaSi 20

aprils iqneba.

vidre inJiners SevxvdebodiT, taZarSi myof mama

raJdens gavesaubreT, romelic qurTis eklesiaSi wiravda.

– axal taZarSi mrevli Tu modis, mamao?

– ki, xedavT, modian. xan me vkiTxulob locvebs,

xan – sxvebi. aRsarebas rom vibareb, gvianobamde aq

miwevs–xolme yofna.

– rogorc gavige, Tqven ar iRvawebT am taZarSi.

mrevlis udidesi survili minda gadmogceT, maT ar

surT moZRvari Seicvalon. Tqveni aq darCena xalxis

udidesi survilia. rogoria Tqveni azri am sakiTxis

Sesaxeb?

– mesmis Cemi mrevlis, magram werovani teritoriulad

mcxeTa–Tbilisis eparqias ekuTvnis da am

sakiTxsac Sesabamisad aRniSnuli eparqia wyvets.

– dagvloceT, mamao...

aRdgomis brwyinvale dResaswauli axlovdeba. yvelas

gilocavT am mniSvnelovan dRes da yovelive

warmatebas gisurvebT. RvTisadmi rwmeniT da udidesi

siyvaruliT gecxovroT. RmerTma ukeTesi momavlis

imedi ar mogiSaloT!

wminda giorgis saxelobis taZris kurTxeva

werovanSi savaraudod giorgobas – 6 maiss Sedgeba.

nana kaxniaSvili

saswauli sveticxovelSi

21 aprils daaxloebiT Ramis pirvel saaTze, sveticxovlis

aRmosavleT kedelze wminda nikolozis

gamosaxvis TviTmxilveli uamravi adamiani gaxda.

movlena, romelic ukve moinaTla saswaulad da

romelzec ukve mTeli qveyana laparakobs, mironis

xarSvis dros moxda. aseulobiT RamismTeveli mrevlis

Tvalwin taZris aRmosavleT kedelze uecrad

wminda nikolozis gamosaxuleba gamoCnda.

– ra Tqma unda, didi madlisa da wminda nikolozis

mfarvelobis niSania is, rac moxda, magram getyviT,

rom sasuliero sferoSi ase Tu ise, Rrmad Caxeduli

pirisTvis moulodneli araferi momxdara. amiT imis

Tqma ki ar minda, rom aseTi gamocxadebebi Cveulebrivi

movlenaa, aramed minda, mironis xarSvis mniSvnelobas

gavusva xazi. rogorc mama gabrieli ambobda, mironis

xarSvis dros iq wmindanebi trialeben. albaT, RamiTac

bevrni iyvnen, xalxTan gamoCena ki wminda nikolozma gamocxadeba naxevar saaTze met xans gagrZelda.

ineba... magaliTad, 16 wlis win, roca sveticxovelSi xalxi idga da loculobda, Tavdapirvelad wminda

aseve mironi ixarSeboda, kedelze mcire xniT ramden- nikolozis gamoCena imdenad didi moulodneloba iyo,

ime wmindani gamoCnda. mironis xarSva udidesi madlis rom zogierTi SeuZlod gaxda. Tumca mironis xarS-

mqone ritualia da ar aris gasakviri, rom am rituvis rituali ar Seferxebula – sasuliero pirebma

als wmindanebi eswrebian... _ganmartaven dedebi. saritualo moqmedeba gaagrZeles...

XXI

21


gazafxuli qvelmoqmedebiT daiwyo, romelic rusuli

agresiis Sedegad dazaralebuli cxinvalis regionis

unarSezRudul bavSvebs ekuTvnodaT. qvelmoqmedeba

organizatorebma originaluri da namdvili qarTuli

saxasiaTo formatiT gdawyvites _ qarTuli xalxuri

cekva, Tbilisuri, namdvili qarTuli gemovnebiani

saestrado musika, rasac Taviseburi, erTob saintereso

momRerali axalisebda Tavisi niWierebiT da simReriT

_ soso narimaniZe. marTla Zalian saintereso gamovida

saqvelmoqmedo proeqti _ Cven davbrundebiT!

mTavari organizatorebi: liaxvis maJoritari deputati

saqarTvelos parlamentSi badri basiSvili, Sida

qarTlSi prezidentis rwmunebulis administracia,

okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul

pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa saministro,

Jurnali ,,liaxvis xeoba~, giorgi WoveliZe, Jurnali

`naTlia~, saeklesio maRazia ,,madli~ (xelmZRvanelebi

merab dvali da lali goCitaSvili). am madlian saqmeSi

yvelaze didi wvlili Seitanes qarTuli estradis

yvelaze gemovnebianma ansamblebma _ `qarTulma xmebma~,

`Teatralurma kvartetma~, `Tbilisurma kvartetma~ da

msoflioSi cnobilma focxiSvilebis `cekvis akademiam~.

qvelmoqmedebisTvis qvelmoqmedeba saeklesio maRazia

`madlma~ gaiRo da RvTiuri madli da mfarveloba

gaatana koncertSi yvela monawiles da organizators.

es fasdaudebeli saCuqrebi `madlis~ warmomadgenelma,

legendaruli suxiSvilebis ansamblis solistma Tamar

dvalma gadasca yovel maTgans.

saqvelmoqmedo koncerti, romelic unarSezRuduli

bavSvebisTvis moewyo, mniSvnelovania, magram ufro didi

da mniSvnelovani datvirTvis matarebelicaa proeqti

_ Cven davbrundebiT, _ saqarTvelo gamTliandeba! Cven

marTla davbrundebiT, yvela erTad da rusuli okupaciis

Sedegad sakuTari miwa-wylidan devnili bavSvebi,

isev iq _ liaxvis xeobaSi gaagrZeleben TamaSs, iq aRizrdeba

momavali Taobebi saqarTvelosTvis! amitomac,

idea da proeqti, TavisTavad, gamarTlebulad mimaCnia.

aqcia-proeqti „Cven davbrundebiT“, kodasa (TeTriwyaros

raioni) da gorSi gaimarTa. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT,

saqvelmoqmedo koncertis mizani rusuli agresiis

Sedegad dazaralebuli cxinvalis regionidan devnili

unarSezRuduli bavSvebis mxardaWera da daxmareba iyo.

RonisZiebebs devnil mosaxleobasTan da yvela organizatorTan

erTad, samxreT-oseTis droebiTi administraciis

xelmZRvaneli, dimitri sanakoevi eswrebodnen. organizatorebma

ukve isic aRniSnes, rom msgavsi aqciebi

ara marto devnilTa CasaxlebebSi gagrZeldeba, aramed

saqarTvelos TiTqmis yvela did qalaqs moicaven.

koba subeliani: Cven aucileblad davbrundebiT,

ubralod sanam davbrundebiT, manamde unda movaxerxoT

is, rom viyoT Zlierebi, ekonomikurad, sulierad da

fizikurad Zlieri ojaxebi gvqondes! yvela iZulebiT

gadaadgilebulma ojaxma SeZlos, rom, dabrunebis Sem-

TxveveaSi xelcarielebi ki ar dabrundnen _ xelsavseebi

iyvnen. amitomac Cveni mTavroba yvelafers akeTebs.

am proeqtidan Semosuli pirveli Tanxebi cxinvalis

regionidan devnil 40 unaSezRudul bavSvs gadaecema.

badri basiSvili: WeSmaritebaa, rom Cven aucileblad

davbrundebiT. vidre davbrundebiT Cven gvinda,

rom am kategoriis xalxs _ unarSezRudul bavSvebs,

22

qvelmoqmedeba

gavagrZelebT aqciebs, saqarTvelos yvela did qalaqs

movivliT da Tanamoazreebsac SemovierTebT

XXII

focxiSvilebis cekvis akademia

Tbilisuri kvarteti

qarTuli xmebi


qvelmoqmedeba

Cveni mxridan ufro meti yuradReba hqondeT, yoveldRiurad

vizrunebT maTze, gavagrZelebT am aqciebs da saqarTvelos

yvela did qalaqs movivliT da SemovierTebT

Tanamoazreebs. pirveli etapi 40 bavSvisTvis iqneba gansaz-

Rvruli, romlebic msgavsi problemis winaSe dganan. Cven

davexmarebiT da SevumsubuqebT unarSezRudul bavSvebs

mZime cxovrebas. Cven aucileblad davbrundebiT, _ saqarTvelo

gamTliandeba. male saqarTvelo erT-erTi Zlieri

da warmatebuli qveyana iqneba. Cveni mTavroba gamudmebiT

muSaobs devnilTa problemebze, unarSezRudul adamianebze

da sxva politikur, socialur-ekonomikur Tu kulturul

sakiTxebze, ris dasturadac es proeqtic gamodgeba _ qvelmoqmedeba

da kulturuli RonisZieba erTmaneTTan Seerwya,

rac amave dros socialur sakiTxsac agvarebs.

nugzar WiaberaSvili: qarTveli kaci RvTismoSiSia

da bunebiT qvelmoqmedi, sikeTis mkeTebeli da amitomac mas

ufali arasodes miatovebs... vidre am proeqtze muSaobas

daviwyebdiT iyo sxvadasxva versia, Tu rogor SevweodiT

qveyanas, magram yvelaze karg prioritetad cxinvalis regionis

devnili unarSezRuduli bavSvebis daxmareba miviCnieT,

romelic srul sinTezSi da harmoniaSi movida yvela, Cveni

Tanamemulis ocnebasTan, saqarTvelos gamTlianeba _ Cven

davbrundebiT! saqarTvelosTvis samaCablo da cxinvalis

regioni iseTive erTiani nawilia, rogorc kaxeTi, samegrelo,

aWara, svaneTi an qarTli, amitomac Cven gavamTlianebT erTsulovnebiT,

SromiT, swavliT, RmerTis ZaliT Cvens qveyanas

da es qvelmoqmedebac swored amisi magaliTia.

daviT arCvaZe: rodesac am aqciaSi monawileoba SemomTavaza

RonisZiebis erT-erTma organizatorma, Jurnal

`naTlias~ damfuZnebelma da mTavarma redaqtorma, nugzar

WiaberaSvilma, arc davfiqrebulvar ise daveTanxme, radgan

es Zalian mniSvnelovania, CemTvis da sruliad saqarTvelosTvis

_ davexmaroT cxinvalis regionidan devnil,

unarSezRudul bavSvebs da Cven davbrundebiT! amaze karg

saqmes verafers gavakeTebT, rom davexmaroT unarSezRudul

bavSvebs da saqarTvelo gavamTlianoT, erTad, SromiT, sikeTiT,

qvelmoqmedebiT, siyvaruliT da simReriT. me am aqciaproeqtSi

manamde miviReb mnawileobas, vidre amas organizatorebi

saWirod miiCneven.

Tamar dvali: Cemi ojaxi mudmivad eweva qvelmoqmedebas

_ es Cemi mSoblebisaTvis Cveulebrivi ambavia, sulieri

moTxovnilebaa. Sesabamisad maTi damsaxurebaa, rom mec

gamiCnda qvelmoqmedebis survili da dRes aq var Cems qarTvelebTan

erTad, romlebsac esoden esaWiroebT daxmareba.

gela focxiSvili: focxiSvilebis cekvis academia

yovelTvis mowodebis simaRleze dgas da mudam iqaa, sadac

Cvens qveyanas sWirdeba. me da mTlianad, Cemi cekvis akademia

Tu qarTuli nacionaluri baleti `metexi~ yovelTvis

mzad varT imisTvis, rom Cems qarTvel xalxs vemsaxuroT,

saxelmwifos SenebaSi miviRoT monawileoba, patara, magram

gulwrfeli wvlili SivitanoT. Cven kidev gavagrZelebT am

turnes da ai naxeT _ Cven davbrundebiT! Cven davbrundebiT

cekviT da simReriT!

giorgi WoveliZe: Cven davbrundebiT! Cven valdebulni

varT, rom msgavsi problemebis mqone bavSvebs gverdiT

davudgeT, gansakuTrebiT iZulebiT gadaadgilebulT.

yovelTvis vgrZnob am bavSvebis problemas da minda, maT

gverdiT viyo, rac SemeZleba davexmaro.

soso narimaniZe: xeobelebo, yvela miyvarxarT! Cven

davbrundebiT! Cven gavimarjvebT! me mjera amisi. me Tu 2011

wlis niWieris gamarjvebuli gavxdi, gpirdebiT, rom msgavsi

saxis saqvelmoqmedo aqciebs movawyob mTels saqarTveloSi

da TqvenTan kidev araerTxel davexmarebi cxinvalis regionidan

devnil unarSezRudul bavSvebs.

neli darbaiZe

XXIII

soso

narimaniZe

Teatraluri kvarteti

23


,,ZlevaSemosili da uZleveli

zeciuri mxedari~

6 maiss, qarTuli marTlmadidebluri eklesia saqarTveloSi

erT-erT yvelaze RirsSesaniSnav religiur

dResaswauls - wminda giorgis xsenebis dRes, giorgobas

aRniSnavs. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebluri

ekelsia wmida giorgis xsenebas orjer aRniSnavs: 6

maiss - wmidanis aRsrulebis dRes da 23 noembers

- misi borbalze wamebis dRes. am ukanasknel dResaswauls

qarTuli ewodeba, radgan saqarTvelodan

gavrcelda sxva adgilobriv eklesiebSi. giorgobis

dResaswaulTan dakavSirebiT sazeimo wirva-locva

qveynis yvela marTlmadideblur taZarSi tardeba.

dResaswauli saqarTvelos ganmanaTleblis - wminda

ninos mier iqna daarsebuli. cnobilia, rom is wminda

giorgis naTesavi iyo, mas eTayvaneboda da qveyanas misi

siyvaruli da Tayvaniscema uanderZa. Sua saukuneebSi

qveynis sxvadasxva kuTxeSi wminda giorgis saxelze

weliwadis dReebis Sesabamisad 365 salocavi aigo.

wmida giorgi mesame saukunis meore naxevarSi daibada

kabadokiaSi, mdidar qristianul ojaxSi. mamamisi

mowameobrivad aResrula. daqvrivebuli deda kabadokiidan

samSobloSi wavida da iq ganagrZo Svilis

qristianulad aRzrda. Wabuki giorgi romis laSqarSi

ganmwesda mxedrad. axovanma, mamacma da uSiSarma

meomarma male imperator diokletianes (284-305)

yuradReba miipyro. man Tavis pirad mcvelad daniSna

wmida giorgi da mxedarTmTavris maRali wodebac

uboZa. kerpTayvanismcemelma imperatorma Tavisi ganmgeblobis

bolo wlebSi sastiki brZola gamoucxda

qristianobas. senatis sabWoze nikomidiaSi man sruli

Tavisufleba mianiWa provinciis mmarTvelT qristes

mimdevarTa dasasjelad da Tavis mxriv mxardaWerac

aRuTqva. wminda giorgim es rom Seityo, gaaTavisufla

Tavisi monebi, qoneba glaxakT dauriga, senatSi

gamocxadda, sajarod aRiara qristianoba da yvela iq

myofsac mouwoda, mieRoT es WeSmariti sarwmunoeba:

“me mona var qristesi, RmrTisa Cemisa da msasoebeli

misi. sakuTari nebiT warvmdgarvar Tqven winaSe, raTa

vewamo WeSmaritebisTvis~. - `ra aris WeSmariteba?~ -

hkiTxa erT-erTma warCinebulma. `Tavad qristea WeSmariteba,

devnili Tqven mier~, - iyo pasuxi. dasjis

win wmida giorgim mTeli guliT SesTxova ufals,

Seendo mtarvalTaTvis, romelTac ar uwyoden, ras

iqmodnen da sTxova, WeSmariti rwmenis Secnobamde

mieyvana isini, Semdeg ki morCilebiT moudrika qedi

jalaTis maxvils. igi aResrula 303 wlis 23 aprils.

anderZisamebr, wmida giorgis sxeuli dakrZales palestinis

qalaq ramlaSi, konstantine didis mefobis

dros ki gadaasvenes wmidanis saxelze aSenebul did

taZarSi, qalaq lidiaSi. wmida giorgi ewama 30 wlis

asakSi da eklesiis istoriaSi Sevida, rogorc ZlevaSemosili

da uZleveli zeciuri mxedari.

24 XXIV

eqimis rCevebi

eqimi gvirCevs. qurTidan – werovnamde.

samedicino universitetis warmatebiT damTavrebis

Semdeg zeinab garayanaSvilma muSaoba eqim – pediatrad

qurTis saavadmyofoSi daiwyo, miuxedavad imisa rom,

rTul samuSao reJimSi uwevda muSaoba wuTiTac ar

ufiqria mietovebina misi xeoba da xeobis bavSvebi.

misi moRvaweobis periodSi araerTi bavSvi gaizarda,

romelTac ukve sakuTari Svilebi mihyavT qalbaton

zeinabTan. 2008 w. movlenebis Semdeg qurTis saavadmyofom

bina werovanSi daido, devnili qalbatoni zeinabic

isev ganagrZobs muSaobas amjerad devnil bavSvebTan,

romelTac didi fsiqologiuri Tanadgoma esaWiroebaT.

qalbaton zeinabs gazafxul – zafxulis periodSi

bavSvebSi arsebul SesaZlo problemebze vesaubreT.

_ qalbatono zeinab ZiriTadad romeli daavadebebia

xSiri gazafxulze?

_ zamTris sezonisTvis Warbobs sasunTqi gzebis

daavadebebi, gazafxulze ki mosalodnelia mwvave nawlavuri

infeqciebi, rogorc mozardebSi aseve bavSvebSi.

_ ZiriTadad ra iwvevs maT?

_ am davaadebebs sxvadasxva gamomwvevi mizezi aqvs.

ZiriTadad esenia: nawlavis Cxiri, fsalmonelebi, xSirad

am daavadebebs daubaneli xelis daavadebebsac uwodeben.

_ rogor aviciloT Tavidan es daavadebebi?

mSoblebs vurCevT bavSvebs aswavlon piradi higiena

da xSirad dabanon xelebi sapniT, ar miscen vadagasuli,

saeWvo saWmeli. moaridon avadmyofebs.

_ rogor vumkurnaloT maT?

_ Tu bavSvs aReniSneba Rebineba, faRaraTi, temperaturis

mateba, aucileblad binaze unda mieces didi

raodenobiT rehidratoruli siTxeebi, humanas eleqtrolitebi,

rehidroni da rac SeiZleba droulad mimarTon

eqims.

gisurvebT jamrTelobas.

eka ecataZe


siyvaruli da rCevebi

siyvarulis dRe

kodaSi

TeTriwyaros raion sofel kodaSi siyvarulis

dResTan dakavSirebiT 15 aprils Catarda RonisZieba

saxelwodebiT _ `rac mtrobas daungrevia siyvaruls

uSenebia~. zeimis dawyebisas kulturis saxlis direqtorma

nino JuJniaSvilma es dRe yvelas miuloca.

Sesrulda cekvebi da simRerebi, aseve leqsebi siyvarulze.

Aam yvelafris Semdeg daiwyo konkursebi 17-dan

25 wlamde wyvilebisTvis. darbazSi moTavsebuli iyo 7

danomrili magida. wyvilebi magidebis mixedviT iRebdnen

konkursSi monawileobas, TiToO magididan gadioda TiTo

wyvili. Kkompetenturi Jiuris gadawyvetilebiT gamarjvebuleba

wilad xvda: lela xaWapuriZes, sergo midodaSvils.

valeri enipapaSvils, levan beruaSvils, merab

basiSvils, iago metrevels, mariam masiSvils, beqa yaulaSvils,

ela xaWapuriZes, omar beruaSvils mariam yoCiSvils.

konkursantebs Jiuris gadawyvetilebiT gadaecaT

samaxsovro saCuqrebi. am RonisZiebas eswrebodnen eredvisa

da qurTis municipalitetis TanamSromlebi, patara

liaxvis gamgebeli batoni gia maxniaSvili, eredvis municipalitetis

sakrebulos Tavmjdonare batoni emzar

beruaSvili, TeTriwyaros minicipalitetis sakrebulos

Tavmjdomaris moadgile qalbatoni Tamar dalaqiSvili

da kulturis saxlis TanamSromlebi. RonisZieba saRamos

10 saaTamde gagrZelda.

nana beruaSvili

rCevebi siyvarulze ar surT. dadeqiT grZnobaze maRla, sZlieT emociebs

zogierTi mecnieris azriT, siyvaruli fsiqikuri

daavadebaa, romelsac eiforia da depresia, mRelvareba

da pasiuroba, dabneuloba da mTebis gadagorebis

survili axasiaTebs. avadmyofobaa Tu ara, faqtia –

siyvaruls marTlac saswaulebis moxdena SeuZlia.

SeyvarebulisTvis gadaulaxavi dabrkoleba ar arsebobs.

samwuxarod, es yovlismomcveli grZnoba yovelTvis

dadebiT emociebs rodi aRZravs, metadre maSin,

rodesac Cven gviyvars, mas ki ara, an Cven kvlav gviyvars,

mas ki ukve aRar. aseT dros yvelaze mgznebare

adamianic ki mdgomareobidan gamodis da sruliad

paralizdeba.

rogor moviqceT?

rCeva pirveli

2-3 dRe idardeT da cremlebi RvareT, mere ki

mTeli negatiuri energia samsaxurisken mimarTeT. es

froidiseuli sublimaciis meTodia, roca seqsual-

XXV

uri energiis sxva miznebisken mimarTva adamians warumateblobisgan

Tavis daRwevaSi exmareba. momxdari

logikurad gaacnobiereT, mSvidad da obieqturad SeafaseT

misi yvela dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxare. siyvaruli

erTgvari nebayoflobiTi monobaa – kargavT

uamrav dros, nervebs, Zalas, fuls, megobrebs, samsaxurs,

sanacvlod ki arcTu ise sasiamovno mogonebebs

iRebT. uxmeT Rirsebas – gana amas imsaxurebT?! Tavidan

moicileT Savbneli fiqrebi, daiwyeT imis keTeba,

rasac mgznebare romanis gamo karga xania ver moabiT

Tavi. iseT saqmes mohkideT xeli, romelic arc dag-

RliT da arc gagaRizianebT. warmatebis SemTxvevaSi

mixvdebiT, rom samyaro arc ise cudia. uiRblo siyvarulic

uwindeliviT mZime da damTrgunveli aRar

mogeCvenebaT.

rCeva meore

pasteris meTodi

lui pasters daavadebaTa sawinaaRmdegod organizmSi

infeqciis dasustebuli gamomwvevebi Sehyavda,

romelTa mimarTac organizmi imunitetis gamomuSavebas

iwyebda. Tu siyvaruli srulfasovani Sromis sa-

Sualebas ar gaZlevT, mieciT grZnobas gasaqani, ipoveT

sxva obieqti da dauokebeli vneba misken mimarTeT.

ase damcavi vaqcinis dozasac miiRebT da aRarc warsul

grZnobaze fiqri gagawamebT. oRond zomiereba ar

dakargoT, Torem SesaZloa, axali urTierToba axali

tanjvis wyarod geqceT.

rCeva mesame

deromantizacia

uiRblo siyvaruls gansakuTrebuli simwvaviT

Zlier romantikuli adamianebi ganicdian. isini sxvebze

metad axdenen siyvarulis idealizebas da yovelgvari

dabrkoleba udides tanjvas ayenebT. Tu Tqvenc

aseTi brZandebT, saswrafod SeicvaleT samyaros Sesaxeb

romantikuli warmodgena da upasuxo siyvarulsac

sxva TvaliT dainaxavT.

rCeva meoTxe

gons modiT

nu daujerebT adamianebs, romlebic garwmuneben,

rom siyvaruli ukvdavia, rom guls ver ubrZaneb, rom

mxolod erTxel SeiZleba wrfelad giyvardes. ase-

Ti frazebi alkoholikebisa da narkomanebis Segonebebs

waagavs, romelTac mavne CvevasTan gamoTxoveba

da sul male iamayebT sakuTari TaviT, rac upasuxo

siyvarulis efemerul xiblze gacilebiT meti siamovnebis

momgvrelia.

Jurnal `liaxvis xeobis~

erguli mkiTxveli nino basiSvili

25


26

Sapito – anu moZravi cirki...

Sapito – albaT cotam Tu icis ras niSnavs, arada

es sityva yvela bavSvis sayvareli cirkis Sesatyvisia,

oRond ara SenobaSi gamarTuli sanaxaobis, aramed Sapito

– mosiarule, moZravi cirkia. evropisa da aziis

qveyanaSi cirkis mxolod es saxeoba arsebobs, Cvens

qveyanaSi ki sul ramdenime wlis win Seiqmna da mas

Semdeg araerTi bavSvis guli gaaxara. usamsaxurod

darCenilma cirkis msaxiobma, ramaz garSauriSvilma

evropuli Sapito saqarTvelos ganuyofel nawilad

aqcia. batoni ramazi warmoSobiT axmetidan aris, amitom

Sapitos maspinZloba Tavdapirvelad kaxelebs

ergoT wilad, Semdeg Tbiliss estumra da dedaqalaqis

yvela ubani moiara. batoni ramazi cirkiT adreul

asakSi dainteresda da erT-erTi saintereso

msaxiobic gaxda, is arc iumoris arqonas uCivis da

saintereso mosaubrec aRmoCnda:

_ batono ramaz daviwyoT Tavidan, rogor moxvdiT

cirkSi?

_ es yvelaferi Zalian adre daiwyo, 14 wlis viyavi

pirvelad Jongliorobis Sesaxeb gazeTSi rom wavikiTxe

da davinteresdi am saqmiT, radgan savarjiSod

saWiro Tokic ki ar mqonda, saguldagulod dabmul

virs Toki Sevxseni da varjiSi daviwyeT, droTa ganmavlobaSi

Cemma gatacebam Sedegi gamoiRo da Telavis

Teatris 200 wlis Tavze, yaenobis dResaswaulze

patara sanaxaobac gavmarTe. Cemdami interesi maSinve

gaCnda da sul male Tavi didi cirkis arenazec davimkvidre.

_ ZiriTadad cirkis romel nomrebs flobT?

_ me ukve imdeni xania cirkSi var, rom uamravi

nomeri SemiZlia Sevasrulo, var bagirze mosiarule,

iluzionisti, klouni, cxovelebis momTvinierebeli,

Jongliori – da saerTod SeiZleba iTqvas, rom var

adamiani, romelsac SeuZlia saaTnaxevris ganmavloba-

Si araCveulebrivi sanaxaobiT warvsdge mayureblis

winaSe.

_ ras gvetyviT konkretulad Tqveni cirkis –

Sapitos Sesaxeb, ramdeni adamiani gyavT dasaqmebuli

da ra saxsrebiT arsebobT?

_ ukve mesame welia rac Sapito Sevqmeni, CvenTan

sul 9 adamiani varT, 4 msaxiobi danarCeni 5 ki saorganizacio

saqmeebs uZRveba, CvenTan aris vaJa natroSvilic,

75 wlis profesionali cirkis msaxiobi, kaci

– romelic ara xeliT, aramed fexiT: - wers, xatavs,

Wams, akeTebs nebismier rames, Tqven warmoidgineT fexiT

mizanSic ki isvris. sul raRac Tvenaxevris win

kidev erTi wevri Segvemata, ucnobma adamianma patara

daTvis beli gvisaCuqra, romelsac ,,balu~ davarqviT,

,,balu~ CvenTan erTad cxovrobs da cdilobs iswavlos

sacirko nomrebi da male warsdges mayureblis

winaSe.

Cven Cvens Tavs CvenTviTonve varCenT, rasac aq xedavT

piradi saxsrebiT SeviZine da gavakeTe, e.w. darbazSi

150-200 kacs itevs, dReSi xSirad or sanaxaobas

vmarTavT, bileTi 3-4 lari Rirs, SabaTobiT ki

socialurad daucveli mosaxleobisTvis warmodgenas

ufasod vmarTavT, axlo momavalSi usasyidlod invalid

bavSvebsac vimaspinZlebT.

_ mayurebelma Tqven proeqt ,,niWieridan~ gagicnoT,

XXVI

cirki

`sul raRac Tvenaxevris win

kidev erTi wevri Segvemata~

Semdeg iyo Tqveni saocari nomeri – mtkvarze gabmul

Tokze gaxvediT, exla ra siaxles sTavazobT Tqvens

gulSematkivars, riTi moxiblavT maT gulebs?

_ pirveli maisidan meore Sapito _ cirkis naxva

mTawmindazec iqneba SesaZlebeli, savaraudod SabaT

– kviras mTeli datvirTviT mTawmindaze vimuSavebT,

mzaddeba axali saintereso nomrebi, romelsac Cvens

erTgul mayurebels eqskluziurad SevTavazebT. ,,ni-

Wieris~ Semdeg iyo SemoTavazebebi, viyaviT gastrolebze

yofili sabWoTa kavSiris qveynebSi, esenges qveynebSi,

italiaSi, TurqeTSi magram sabolood isev

TbilisSi davbrundiT.

_ es yvelaferi karieris Sesaxeb, magram ras gvetyviT

pirad cxovrebaze, cirkTan erTad Tu dagrCaT

amisTvis dro?

_ myavs meuRle – natalia SauqriSvili da 13

wlis gogona. me da nataliam erTmaneTi didi xnis win

cirkis arenaze gavicaniT, amJamad natalia ,,amaltas~

– sacirko studias xelmZRvanelobs da erTiani ZalebiT

isev vcdilobT Cveni profesiis adamianebi

gavzardoT.

saubris Semdeg batoni ramaz ,,balusTan~ erTad cirkis

arenasken gaemarTa, manmade ki dagvpirda, rom saintereso

sanaxaobas devnili bavSvebisTvisac gamarTavs.

eka ecataZe


msaxiobi

gaTxovebas ar vapireb

me jer mxolod cxovrebis

sawyis etapze var

daaxloebiT 2000–2001 welia. qarTul–osuri

eTnokonfliqti droebiT miyuCebulia.

cxinvalSi, Sua qalaqSi dro da dro qarTvelebi

gamoCndebian, Tumca Cumad, ise

malulad gaivl–gamoivlian, gagikvirdeba,

cdiloben, aravin SeamCnios. am siCumesa da

ucnaurobaSi 8–9 wlis qarTveli gogona bogirze,

qalaqis centrSi dgas da xan cekvavs,

xan qarTulad mReris. xmamaRla, ise, rom

gamvlel–gamomvlelis yuradRebas iqcevs.

cqmutavs, rokavs, mokled, erTi wuTiT ar

isvenebs. vuyureb da gulSi meamayeba, amdens

rom bedavs, Tumca SiSis Jruanteli mivlis,

vfiqrob, neta iseTi aravin gamoCndes, qarTveli

bavSvis xmam gaaRizianos da mis

qcevas skandali mohyves. eWvi ar aris, mec

SarSi gavexvevi, radgan bavSvi dedamisma

– qurTis saavadmyofos eqimma, yvelasTvis

sayvarelma da unikalurma pirovnebam, mari

xmiadaSvilma me Camabara. am dRes iza maswavlebelma

xeobeli bavSvebi xom cxinval-

Si erT–erT skolaSi daibara. mari eqimi

morige gaxldaT da wilad mxvda pativi,

rom misi qaliSvili cekvaze Cem axlobel

bavSvTan – nona kaxniaSvilTan erTad

wameyvana.

salome kokuaSvili dRes ukve Tbilisis elitaruli

Jurnalebis wamyvan saxed iqca. wlebis win

rom cxinvalSi misTvis yuradReba Tundac erTi wamiT

migeqciaT, ueWvelia, mas momaval karieras uwinaswarmetyvelebdiT.

– rodesac Cems Tanaklaselebs gavumJRavnebdi Cems

mizans, rom mindoda mec populeruli gavmxdariyavi

an vinme cnobils vbaZavdi, damcinodnen da ,,ocnebis

koSkebidan miwaze daSvebas “ mirCevdnen, Tumca me

vicodi da axlac ase mjera, rom mTavari mondomebaa,

SeuZlebeli araferia da amitomac maT mtkiced

vpasuxobdi:,,ai, vnaxoT!“

– dRes Sen qarTul telearxebze da Jurnaleb-

Si xSirad Canxar, rac popularobas niSnavs. rogor

fiqrob, ra aris karieris ganmsazRvreli mTavari

faqtori – survili Tu iRbali?

– popularoba, ra vici, visTvis miRwevadia da visTvis

– mxolod fantazia da ocneba, me ki davrwmundi,

rom mTavaria moindomo. Tu Sen niWsa da unars realizebas

gaukeTeb, miaRwev...Tumca amaSi iRbalic xels

unda giwyobdes. gaxde cnobili, es arc ise martivia_

amaSi iciT, ramdeni Sroma devs?!

– mainc ramdeni?

– popularoba nabij–nabij miRwevadia. bavSvobidan

cekvaze davdiodi. iseTi seriozuli qoreografi,

rogoric batoni Temur qamxaZea, TbilisSi bevri ar

XXVII

aris. swored masTan vswavlobdi cekvas. erTxelac

rusTavi–2–ze mocekvaveebis miReba gamocxadda. mec bedi

vcade da gamimarTla. Semdeg CemTvis Zvirfasma adamianma,

nika grigoliam SemomTavaza komedi–SouSi monawileobis

miReba, iqidan – sxvagan da ase... aba, pirveladve vin dagsvams

wamyvanad?!

– cekvaze rogor axerxebdi siaruls, Sen xom qur-

Tis skolaSi swavlobdi?

– Tavdapirvelad mSoblebma Tbilisis 147–e

skolaSi mimiyvanes, Semdeg ki, vinaidan deda qurTis

saavadmyofoSi muSaobda da saxli xeobaSic gvqonda,

sacxovreblad iq momiwia gadasvlam. bolo klasebSi

ki isev TbilisSi gadasvlam momiwia da xom geubnebiT,

mTavari mondomebaa, mec movindome rom cekva meswavla.

– radganac xeobaze CamoagdeT sityva, aqve gkiTxavT,

rogor gaixsenebT iqaobas?

– aCabeTi, qurTa da saerTod, xeoba CemTvis ulamazesi

gaxsenebaa ara imitom, rom bavSvobis droindeli

yvelaferi tkbili da gansakuTrebulia, aramed isedac...

iqaoba , marTlac ulamazesi iyo da dRes guli

mwydeba, rom iqaobis Sesaxeb ukve warsulSi vaxseneb

– ,,iyo“...

– Tavs Tineijerad Tvli?

– 20 wlis gavxdi anu Tineijerobis asakidan

gamovedi.

– jer patara xar, magram mainc gkiTxav,Seni ganvlili

gza dRemde...

– formula ,,kreativ“–Tan vTanamSromlobdi

pirvel arxze, Cemi pirveli gadaReba Sedga filmSi

,,rac yvelaze Zalian giyvars“ da amitomac es filmi

didi simpaTiebiT maxsendeba. monawileobas vRebulobdi

,,Cven ofisSi“, mesame TaobaSi. amJamad vswavlob

ilia WavWavaZis saxelobis saero universitetSi menejmentis

da administrirebis specialobaze, paralelurad

isev vTanamSromlob formula ,,kreativTan“, Tumca

amJamad ukve ,,imedis“tele–arxTan da vTvli, rom

studiaSi, sadac axla var, Cemi adgili vipove. CemTvis

27


Zalian sainteresoa seriali ,, gogona gareubnidan“.

– ,,Ramis Sou“–s sakmaod mravalricxovani mayurebeli

hyavs da TiToeul monawile mayureblisTvis

ukve cnobadi da sainteresoa. vis daasaxelebdi maTgan

rogorc SenTvis yvelaze misaReb da axlobel

adamianad?

– samuSao pirobebic da urTierTobebic aq imdenad

mowesrigebulia, rom Znelia erT–erTis gamorCeva.

– rogor moxvdi „formula kreativSi“?

– ,,komedi–Sou“–Si ,,qeTo da kote“–s viRebdiT.

Sualedi mqonda. am dRes gamocxadebuli iyo qasTingi

serialisTvis `mesame Taoba~. visargeble SualediT

da qasTingi gaviare. auarebeli msurveli iyo. 4 turi

gaviare da mimiRes. axla „Ramis Sous studiaSi var“.

– rogor uTavseb swavlas da gadaRebas?

– saswavlebelSi kviraSi sam dRes gvaqvs leqcia.

zogjer vacden, magram swavla sulac ar miSlis xels

Cem sayvarel saqmianobaSi...

– rodis amTavreb universitets da ras apireb

momavalSi?

– swavlas maisSi vamTavreb.am etapze mimaCnia, rom

gadaRebis gareSe cxovrebas CemTvis azri daekargeboda,

samomavlod ki uamrav rames vgegmav. jer mxolod

starti aviRe da sawyis etapze var!

– daojaxebas rodis gegmav?

– ojaxi, seriozuli tvirTia da jer–jerobiT

ar vfiqrob. mimaCnia, rom qali 30 wlamde ar unda

gaTxovdes.

– Seni bavSvobisdroindeli megobrebi naadrevad

daojaxdnen. maTTan isev kontaqtob?

– vinc ojaxis tvirTs naadrevad aikidebs, yvela

mecodeba.pirovnebad jer unda Camoyalibde da mere

gadawyvito, Tu vis daukavSiro Seni momavali. Tqveni

mkiTxveli, imedia, icnobs Sida qarTlis masStabiT

gamarTul silamazis konkursis gamarjvebul Tamuna

melanaSvils. igi Cemi bavSvobis megobaria. mis garda

nino WuluxaZec dedaa. mivdivar maTTan, yvela Zalian

miyvars, magram nu miwyenen da, vgrZnob, rom Cveni azrebi

ukve gansxvavebulia. ojaxuri mizezebis gamo

28

XXVIII

msaxiobi

maT dro aRar aqvT...

– amboben, rom Zalian sada xar. Cacmis rogori

stili mogwons da makiaJs Tu ikeTeb?

– ar mesmis maTi, vinc quslian fexsacmels yoveldRiurad

xmarobs, aqsesuarebs aisxavs, makiaJis gareSe

ezoSic ki ar Cava da morTva–mokazmvis gareSe Tavs

uformod myofad miiCnevs. ra saWiroa?gansxvavebul

formaSi yofna speqtaklze, restoranSi an raime

RonisZiebazea saWiro da ara – yoveldRiurad. saxeze

mxolod gadaRebis dros mikeTben makiaJs. sportuli

samosiT ki araTu mTl qalaqs Semovivli, aramed qasTingebzec

ase davdivar, Tumca cudad nu gamigebT–da,

aravis davuwunebivar...

* * *

salome kokuaSvili, romelsac deduleTi liaxvis

xeobasTan akavSirebs, Zalian saintereso mosaubrea,

Tavisufali da ukompleqso. moswavle–axalgazrdobas

kargad axsovs, Tu ra didi wvlili Seitana man,

jer kidev pirveli kursis studentma TamaraSenSi

gamarTuli silamazis konkursis organizebaSi. rogorc

dedamisi gveubneba, sul patara iyo salo, roca

sakuTar, bavSvur problemebs damoukideblad wyvetda.

9 wlis iyo, dedam aCabeTidan TbilisSi rom marto

gagzavna da rodesac avtobusi mwyobridan gamovida,

patara gogonam yvelas yuradReba miiqcia – aseve idga

da elodeboda dedaqalaqisken mimival transports,

rogorc – ufrosebi. 13 wlis iyo, marto gaemgzavra

TurqeTSi gamarTul axalgazrdul festivalze, 17

wlisam ki saberZneTSi imogzaura.

misi naTlia, elene tabataZe, salos bavSvobas ixsenebs

da amayobs, rom megobris qaliSvils iRbali da

samomavlod kidev Zalian bevri warmateba daanaTla.

20 wlis salomes iRblisac sjera da miaCnia, rom

qali mxiaruli, komunikabeluri, megobruli da amave

dros Wkviani unda iyos.

esaubra nana kaxniaSvili


saintereo msoflio

yvelaze saxifaTo

`avtomagistrali~

dedamiwaze

`El Camino de la Muerte~ – ase hqvia yvelaze saxifaTo

gzas dedamiwaze. igi boloviaSi mdebareobs da

sigrZiT 56 mils aWarbebs. es gza, mimavali boliviis

mTavar qalaq – lapasaSi, 1930-ian wlebSi paragvaelma

samxedro tyveebma gaiyvanes. bevri maTgani mSeneblobisas

daiRupa, axla ki ramodenime aseuli mgzavri

iRupeba yovelwliurad. es saxeli gzam 1999 wlis

dekemberSi miiRo, rodesac avtomanqana, romelSic rva

israelis moqalaqe-turisti imyofeboda, xramSi gadaiCexa.

rodesac zRvis donidan 3600 metris simaRlidan

am arnaxul daRmarTebze iwyebT daSvebas 330

metramde, mZRoli, romelic aqamde TiTqosda profesionali

geCvenebodaT, iwyebs locvas da Tqvenc dainteresebuli

garSemo iyurebiT da rwmundebiT, rom

zustad is momenti dagidgaT cxovrebaSi, rodesac

marTla unda ilocoT. Tqvens win, saocari simaRlidan,

iSleba arnaxuli xedi. sadRac qvemoT, Cans patara,

wvrili vercxlisferi Zafi. es mdinare koroikoa, romelic

mieqaneba amazonisken. Tavad gza (Tuki SeiZleba

mas ase ewodos) siganeSi sam metrs ar aRemateba.

alag-alag ki ise viwrovdeba, rom ori manqana gverds

ver uqcevs erTmaneTs. warmoudgenelia, magram es

erTaderTi mTavari gza gaxlavT mikroavtobusebisa

da avtomobilebisTvis.

XXIX

yvelaze msuqani

mozardi

Tineijerebs Tu hkiTxav, raze ocneboben da risi

miRweva surT, umetesoba albaT ityvis, rom simdidre,

msaxioboba, momRerloba an ubralod, popularoba

surs. magram es ar exeba britanel mozards, jorjia

deviss. misi erTaderTi ocnebaa, iyos normaluri, sxvebis

msgavsad janmrTeli da bednieri.

17 wlis asakSi gogona ukve 40 stounze (254 kg)

mets iwonis, ramac aqcia britaneTis yvelaze msuqan

mozardad. es ki, cxadia, janmrTelobis gauaresebasac

iwvevs – jorjias gamudmebiT awuxebs muxlisa

da zurgis tkivilebi. aseTi axalgazrduli asakis

miuxedavad, mcireodeni manZilis gavlis Semdegac ki

sunTqva uCqardeba da aqoSinebuli Cerdeba.

gogonam yvelaze msuqani mozardis statusi 2 wlis

winac moipova, magram maSin 45 kg-iT naklebs iwonida.

mas SesTavazes aSS-is specialur banakSi gamgzavreba,

sadac wonis daklebas moaxerxebda. marTlac, 9

Tvianma reJimma mas 95 kg dauklo. magram gavida dro

da aramarto daklebul wonas, aramed daklebamdel

maCvenebelsac gadaaWarba.

albaT gagikvirdebaT, rogor SeiZleba es moxdes?

rogor SeiZleba gogona, romelic yoveldRe iyureba

sarkeSi, xedavdes, rom misi garegnoba icvleba da amis

SesaCereblad arafers akeTebdes? an ras akeTeben

misi mSoblebi, roca aseT mkveTr cvlilebas xedaven?

jorjia samxreT uelsis qalaq aberdarSi cxovrobs

dedasTan da 73 wlis maminacvalTan, arturTan erTad.

tansacmlis Sovna WarbwonianTa specialur maRazieb-

Sic ki uWirs. jorjia Tavis simsuqneze aseT komentars

akeTebs: `me yovelTvis mesmoda, rom Cemi wona

Cemi saqmea, Cemi pasuxismgebloba. imaSi, rac moxda,

arasodes aravis davadanaSauleb, garda sakuTari Tavisa.~

Tumca Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom misi 55

wlis dedac Warbwonianobiskenaa midrekili, cxadia,

rom momxdarSi `damnaSave~ mxolod gulubryvilo

mozardis daudevroba ver iqneba. lesli (deda) 108

kg-s iwonis da Warbi woniT gamowveuli problemebis

gamo ramdenime wina kbili dakarga. savaraudod, Svi-

29


lis janmrTel kvebasac did yuradRebas ar aqcevda.

jorjia RamiT erTmaneTze Setyupebul or sawolze

iZinebs. simsuqnisa da avadmyofobis erT-erTi

ZiriTadi mizezi Warbi raodenobiT tkbileulisa da

fast food-is miRebaa, amas damatebuli isic, rom

deda-Svili gamudmebiT eweva. dedis TqmiT, gogonam

momateba 5 wlisam daiwyo, roca mamamisi gardaicvala

38 wlis asakSi.

`im periodSi Wama CemTvis erTaderTi siamovneba

iyo, es komfortis SegrZnebas miqmnida. roca vWamdi,

ufro naklebad ubeduri viyavi.~ amis gamo 10 wlis

asakSi gogona 76 kg-s iwonida. dedamisis xelmeored

daqorwinebam saqme ar gamoaswora – gogonas maminacvali

asakSi Sesuli da avadmyofi iyo, amitom masze

mzrunveloba isev dedis prerogativad darCa. dResdReobiT

ki ase imarTlebs Tavs: `yovelTvis ver gaakontroleb,

ras Wams Seni Svili.~ banakSi gamgzavrebisas

misi dieta Sedgeboda oragulisgan, salaTebisgan,

wiwilisa da bizonis mWle xorcisgan. amas emateboda

seirnoba, CogburTis TamaSi da curva. Sedegi saxeze

iyo – pirvelive kviras 10 kg-mde `daigdo~, 9

TveSi ki 115 kg-ze Camovida. `es saocari SegrZneba

iyo, me Cveulebriv cxovrebas vubrundebodi. mixaroda

sarkeSi Caxedva, Cems saxeze dakvirveba. mjeroda, rom

yvelaferi SesaZlebeli iyo.~

amis Semdeg 3 TveSi isev unda mibrunebuliyo damatebiT

40 kg-is dasaklebad, magram saxlSi misvlisas

gaigo, rom mis maminacvals kibos diagnozi dausves

da banakSi dabrunebaze uari ganacxada. ZiriTad dros

oTaxSi Seketili atarebda da Wamda. `vfiqrobdi, rom

TevziTa da CipsebiT ar movimatebdi, magram ase ar

aRmoCnda.~ zafxulis bolos gogonam isev moimata

20 kg-mde. gasuli wlis oqtomberSi misma wonam

gadaaWarba banakSi wasvlamdel maCvenebels.

aprilSi is 18-is xdeba – Sedis im asakSi, roca

misi tolebi momavlis dagegmvas iwyeben, magram jorjias

momavalze fiqri ar SeuZlia. misi erTaderTi

survili momavalTan dakavSirebiT aris gaxdoma, ufro

mcire zomis tanisamosis Cacma da quCaSi Tavisuflad,

damoukideblad siaruli.

30 XXX

saintereo msoflio

`gavaJe~ – mavritanuli

tradicia

yovel ersa da saxelmwifos Tavisi tradiciebi,

wes–Cveulebebi, Sexedulebebi aqvs. Sesabamisad, sxvadasxva

xalxebis gemovnebac gansxvavebulia. afrikis

erT–erTi saxelmwifo – mavritania silamazis

Taviseburi aRqmiT gamoirCeva. silamazis mTavari

kriteriumi simsuqnea. rac ufro msuqania qali, miT

ufro mimzidvelia yvelasaTvis. iseT Raribul qveyanaSi,

rogorc mavritaniaa, simsuqne simdidris, janmrTelobis,

bevri Svilebis da prestiJis niSania. simsuqne

– warmatebuli qorwinebis winapirobaa.

„gavaJe“ –es aris afrikuli tradicia, romlis mimdevrebic

TavianT patara gognebs bavSvobidanve asuqeben.

umetes SemTxvevaSi es iZulebiT xasiaTs atarebs.

naxevradudabno qveyanaSi, sadac arc erTi „fastfood~–is

obieqti ar aris, gasasuqebeli ZiriTadi

sakvebi produqti axlamowvelili Zroxis rZea. gulisrevamde

misul atirebul bavSvebs aiZuleben bolomde

dalion sakmaod mozrdili rZiani jamebi. maT

momavalze „mzrunveli“ dedebi xSirad awameben kidec

sakuTar Svilebs – joxebiT fexebs ukraven da autanel

tkivils ayeneben, sanam jami ar daicleba.

erT–erTi aseTi dedis TqmiT, gogonebis gasuqeba

maTive sasikeTod xdeba, raTa isini gaxdnen mimzidvelni

mamakacebisTvis da iSovon kargi qmari, 5–7 wlidan

unda dauwyon bavSvs gasuqeba, rom man gaTxovebamde

moaswros sasurvel wonamde asvla. gamxdari qalebi

Sidsis matareblebad iTvlebian, amitom bavSvovidanve

unda Candes, rom gogonas gasuqeba SeuZlia. rogorc

ki gogona sakmarisad „Camrgvaldeba“. SeuZlia „bednierad“

gaTxovdes. asaks maincdamainc didi mniSvneloba

ar aqvs. erT–erTi mavritanieli gogona deda

10 wlis asakSi gaxda.

`gavaJe~-ze gazrdili qalebiT eqimebi dainteresdnen.

garda imisa, rom xSiria `Zvlebdamtvreuli~ pacientebi,

maT saWmlis-momnelebeli sistemis seriozuli

problemebi aqvT. adamianis uflebaTa dacvis saerTa-

Soriso organizaciam mkacrad moTxova mavritaniis

mTavrobas mieRo zomebi am „tradiciis“ aRsakveTad.

Tumca religiur-kulturuli zne-Cveulebis aRmofxvra

arc ise advili aRmoCnda da gavaJe dResac

warmatebiT asuqebs xuTi wlis sarZloebs.


saintereo msoflio

suris tomis

ucnauri tradiciebi

suri eTiopiaSi, sudanis sazRvarTan mobinadre tomia,

romlis wevrebic ucnauri tradiciiT gamoirCevian:

garkveul asakamde misvlisas gogonebi wina kbilebs

iZroben, tuCs ixvreten da Sig TefSs ideben.

aseve ixvreten yurebsac. tuCSi Cadebuli TefSis

zoma droTa ganmavlobaSi izrdeba da zogjer diametrSi

40 sm-s aRwevs. meoce saukunis bolos suris

tomelebis raodenoba 20 000-s scdeboda. maT saku-

Tari religia aqvT, hyavT cis RmerTi,saxelad tuma.

sjeraT sulebis arsebobis da xSirad loculoben,

atareben msxverplSewirvis ritualebs, raTa tumas

aamon. aseve hyavT `wvimis momyvani~. es tituli memkvidreobiT

gadaecema mxolod mamakacis Stos. roca

wvima sWirdebaT, wvimis momyvani xeebis specifikuri

jiSebidan foTlebs agrovebs, nayavs maT da zels.

miRebul wvens miwas ureven, Semdeg wvimis momyvans

usvamen tanze. es rituali rom dasruldeba, wesiT

wvima unda movides.

garda tuCis gaxvretisa, suris tomelebi zogjer

sxeulze ikeTeben Wrilobebs. zogierT anTropologs

miaCnia, rom amiT bavSvobidanve aCveven tkivilsa da

sisxls. aravin icis, saidan da ratom daiwyo tuCSi

TefSis Cadebis tradicia. zogi mkvlevari fiqrobs,

rom maT istoriaSi iyo periodi, roca suris tomeli

qalebi tyved mihyavdaT xolme, isini ki am gziT Tavs

imaxinjebdnen. gogona gansazRvrul asaks rom miaRwevs,

saWrel kbilebs aclian, joxiT zeda (iSviaTad

qveda) tuCs uxvreten da uwelaven iqamde, rom Tixis

patara TefSi Caetios.

suris erT-erTma tomelma, saxelad nabalam BBC-is

TanamSromelTan, brius parisTan saubrisas ganacxada:

XXXI

- arc maxsovs, tuCis gaxvreta rodis moxda. es

Zalian didi xnis win iyo. es saqme TavianT Tavze

Cemma Zmam da mamam aiRes. tuCi rom ar gamexvrita,

ver gavTxovdebodi, arc Cemi ojaxi miiRebda saqonels

(suris tomSi qali Sinaur cxovelebze icvleba). Cemi

tuCi Zalian farToa, Sesabamisad did TefSs vatareb.

am TefSis gamo 60 Sinauri cxovelis fasi maqvs. iSviaTia

gogona, romelic TefSis Cadebaze uars ityvis.

kidev erTi ucnauri tradicia WrilobebiT sxeulis

damaxinjebaa. qalebi ekals irWoben kanSi da maRla

weven mas, Semdeg ki aweul nawils samarTebliT Wrian.

kanis moWril nawils agdeben, xorci SiSvldeba da

am adgilas samudamod rCeba naWrilobevi. zogjer

kacebic mimarTaven msgavs proceduras. es maSin xdeba,

roca dapirispirebuli tomidan vinmes moklaven.

Wrilobis forma sxvadasxvaa. magaliTad, suris erTerT

jgufSi marjvena mklavze iWrian nalis formas

imis saCveneblad, rom mamakaci mokles, xolo Tu qali

mokles, marcxenaze ikeTeben.

piTonma fexmZime

cxvari gadaylapa

rogorc Cans, aseTi raRacebi marto filmebSi ar

xdeba.

2006 wlis 15 seqtembers malaiziis erT-erT

sofelSi, kampung iaborSi gamoZaxebul saxanZro brigadas

albaT maTTvis yvelaze uCveulo situacia daxvdaT.

6 metramde sigrZis piTons fexmZime cxvari gadaeylapa.

igi Sua gzaze iwva, verc adgilidan iZvroda

da sadilic verafriT moenelebina.

roca mexanZreebi mis Sepyrobas Seecadnen, gvels

SeeSinda, sadili ukan amoanTxia da mxolod maSinRa

SeZlo adgilidan daZruliyo.

gvelebis umetesoba msxverplis paralizebisTvis

Sxams iyenebs, Tumca, piToni maT ricxvs ar ganekuTvneba,

igi msxverpls jer gudavs da Semdeg ylapavs,

ris Semdegac nel-nela amuSavebs mas.

Tumca, malaizieli piTonisTvis fexmZime cxvari metismetad

didi lukma aRmoCnda.

31


70 weli wylisa da

sakvebis gareSe

pralada jani miCveulia cxovrebas mSieri kuWiT.

is amtkicebs rom sasicocxlo Zalebs kosmosidan

iRebs.

Tavdapirvelad eqimebma moxuci TaRliTad miiCnies

Tumca misi gasinjvis Semdeg skeptikosebi sxvanairad

alaparakdnen. unikaluri iogi moaTavses palataSi

eqimebis mudmivi meTvalyureobis qveS. pirvelive

gamokvlevis Sedegebma eqimTa undobloba gaaqarwyla

da axla isini cdiloben gaarkvion SeiZleba Tu

ara sxva adamianebmac iswavlon cxovreba wylisa da

sakvebis gareSe.

82 wlis pralada janis TqmiT is wylisa da

sakvebis gareSe cxovrobs ukve 70 welze metia, 8

wlis asakSi rodesac is dawanwalebda da cxovrobda

gamoqvabulSi indusebis taZris gverdiT estumra

qalRmerTi amba. mas Seecoda oboli da daasaCuqra

igi am araCveulebrivi SesaZleblobiT. mas Semdeg sicocxlis

SesanarCuneblad mas yofnis mxolod ori

wveTi jadosnuri neqtrisa, romelsac yoveldRe ugzavnis

qalRmerTi zecaSi mdebare gansakuTrebuli

gziT, swavlulebs amze jer komentari ar gaukeTebiaT

miTumetes jer es gansakuTrebuli gzac ver upoviaT.

palataSi sadac srul izolaciaSi ukve kviraze

metia wevs iogi damontaJebulia, ramdenime saTvalTvalo

kamera mTeli am drois ganmavlobaSi, mas arc

araferi uWamia da arc araferi daulevia. yoveldRe

qqimebi cdiloben aRmoaCinon sul mcire Sedegi

mainc organizmis SimSilisa magrama amaod moxucs

wonaSi odanvi daklebac ki ar aReniSneba. gamokvlevebma

aCvena rom 82 wlis moxucis tvinis ujredebi

arafriT Camouvardeba 25 wlis axalgazrdis

tvinis mdgomareobas. misi sxeulic uCveulod Zlieri

da axalgazrdulia

sudxir Saxi. eqimi nevrologi

32 XXXII

saintereo msoflio

vfiqrob saqme namdvil saswaulTan gvaqvs. im 108

saaTis ganmavlobaSi, rac Cven hospitalSi imyofeba mas

araferi uWamia ar miuRia arcerTi wveTi siTxe da

ar gasula sapirfareSoSi. yovelive es ki mecnierebis

winaSe rbilad rom vTqvaT rTul kiTxvebs svams. adamianma

SeiZleba icocxlos wylisa da sakvebis gareSe

3,4,7 gawi-gamowi 12 dRe. mocemuli SemTxveva ki unikaluri

fenomenia.

fiziologebi, bioqimikosebi molekuluri biologiis

warmomadgenlebi, romlebic swavloben baton janis

irwmunebian, rom iogiT dakavebam miiyvana misi sxeuli

biologiur cvlilebebamde. Tavad jani ki rogorc

ukve aRvniSne am yvelafers qalRmerT ambavs miawers,

romelmac misca mas sasicocxlo Zala.

eqimebi imedovneben rom es SemTxveva maT saSualebas

miscems aRmoaCinon meTodi rac admianebs daexareba

eqstremalur situaciebSi sakvebisa da sasmelis

gareSe gadarCenaSi.

fhuketis

vegetarianuli

festivali

mTvaris kalendris mecxre Tvis pirvel saRamos

Cineli xalxi religiuri Temebidan miemgzavreba

fhuketSi, tailandSi. isini monawileoben mimdinare

dResaswaulSi, romelic cxra dRe grZeldeba. festivals

vegetarianuli ewodeba. festivalis dros

momlocvelebi Tavs ikaveben xorcis Wamisgan, alkoholis

miRebisgan, seqsisgan da ginebisgan. es praqtika

Seqmnilia imisTvis, rom marTon boroti sulebi, raTa

uzrunvelyon jamrTeloba da mSvidoba es rituali

TariRdeba adreuli mecxramete saukuniT, rodesac

1825 wels Cinuri operis jgufi ewvia qalaq katus

tailandSi, Cineli maRaroelebis gasarTobaT, romlebic

iq muSaobdnen. jgufis wevrebs daemarTaT malaria,

xolo daavadebis samarTavad, maT mimarTes vegetarianul

dietas.

festivalis dros aTasobiT adamiani ixvretavs

sxvadasxva nawils sxeulisas, gansakuTrebiT loyebs,

dadian cxel naxSirze, yvela uxmobs RmerTs. iTvleba,

rom es adamianebi miiReben RvTaebriv kurTxevas,

da imitom isini ar ganicdian seriozul sisxldenas,

infeqcias da mniSvnelovan naiarevs. yovelwliurad

TviTdasaxiCreba ufro da ufro saSineli xdeba,

radgan monawileebi am ritualis uCveulo nivTebiT

ixvreten sxeulis sxvadasxva nawilebs.


poezia

yvelaferi kargad iqneba

nu daecemi Tavs nu itanjav

tanjva yovelTvis fiqriT iwyeba

ifiqre kargi da dainaxe

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

rogorc iswavli samyaros xedvas

Seni cxovrebac ise iqneba,

guls nu gaitex, gwamdes ufalis

da yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

ytuil-ubralod Relva da SiSi

gana ver atyob, rom ar gixdeba

nu SiSob, uflis iwame marad,

da yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

roca vardebi depresiaSi

da Seni tanjva atyob iwyeba,

maSin mouxme TviT STagonebas,

Tqvi yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

romc dagarwmunon, Sen iRupebi

Seni sicocxlis wuTi iTvleba,

rwmenas mouxme da Sen ixilav,

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

Tu codvebi gaqvs, suliT daeci

RmerTi ar gtovebs, Sensken ixreba

is mowyalea, yvela codvilis

da yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

rodesac imeds azri aRar aqvs

da Seni guli boRmiT ivseba,

erTaderTia rac gadagarCens

Tqvi yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

didi niWia TavSekaveba

niWiT sibnele naTliT icvleba,

roca am niWs flob, Sen ukve ici

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

roca irwmuneb sityvebis Zalas

da es sityvebi, SenTvis ifrqveva

sxvebs auxseni da STaagone

rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba!

rodis iqneba? rogor iqneba?

roca kiTxvebi gulSi ismeba,

nu ufiqrdebi, uazro kiTxvebs,

RmerTis wyalobiT

sulyvelaferi kargad iqneba!

vinaidan leqsis avtori ar viciT, redaqcia bodiSs

ixdis unebarTvod gamoqveynebisTvis.

dedas

Sen gagiTeTrda Tmebi mas ukan,

Zvirfaso kabas ki...

erTi morCi SerCa susaubris...

dezTa wkaruniT

gagiwvevda qalwulT husarni

da did darbazSi Weqda mazurka...

rokavdnen wyvilni,

viT gedebi, iisfer tbaSi...

brwyinvale kandelTa

hgavda brwyinvas varskvlavT miriadT...

XXXIII

Smagi sinaTle

Tvals sWrida mkerdze briliants

da iagunda tiroda TmaSi...

lamazi kaba iasamnis surnels akmenda,

ecileboda

TviT sanTelTac ubrwyinvales Suqs...

maRali mxrebi imSvenebdnen indur abreSums...

brinjaos qalia

sul SiSveli idga sarkesTan...

Sen gagiTeTrda Tmebi mas ukan

da Zvirfasi kabas

erTi morCi SerCa susambis...

Seyvarebulni odes qarebi...

iasamani svel kibeebTan

raze fiqrobda?

misi gaZrcvili rto, uyvavilo,

qars ar mihqonada...

guldaxuruli

misi rtoebi

Tavs Zirs ixridnen...

Seyvarebulni odes qarebi

muxls ar iyridnen...

ukve zizRi da sicive krToda

maTi TvalebiT...

rogor gulgrilad,

o, ra gulgrilad

qrodnen qarebi...

1954 Semodioda CvenSi kalanda

da me vigoneb CaxlarTul Robes,

serebs Tovlians...

xmobda qaTami guriis sofels,

yefda Tolia...

idga bermuxa RamismTevari

TovlSi nabdiTa...

diliT misdevda serze mwevari

nakvlevs nadirTa...

qari Tvreboda RviniT naqebiT

grZneul maranTan...

Semodioda CiCilakebiT

CvenSi kalanda...

1945

aspinZas midis mefe erekle...

aspinZas midis mefe erekle,

TaTarze mihyavs qarTlis laSqari...

gadaiares beber xerTvisTan,

saaTabagos mtveri aSales...

ukan datives Zveli awyuri –

isic mravali brZolis momlevi...

bevri mteri gyavs, dido mefeo,

aravinaa Seni momrevi!

mze brwyinavs Seni laSqris marjvenas,

mze kelaptarobs imaT maxvilze...

sul gamarjvebiT, ZveliT, mxedrebo,

esmodes miwas Tqveni Zaxili;

Sen gagimarjos, xalxis laSqaro,

qarTlis xseneba rom ar waSale!..

gadaiares beber xerTvisTan,

saaTabagos mtveri aSales.

ana kalandaZe

33


astroprognozi

5 maisis - 5 ivnisi, astrologiuri prognozi

verZi _ imis mixedviT, Tu ramdenad SesZlebT sayvarel

adamianTan srulfasovan da damoukidebel

urTierTobis Seqmnas, iqneba

damokidebuli Tqveni ganwyobaca da saqmeebSi

warmatebac. sazogadoebrivi saqmeebi

uamrav dros wagarTmevT, amitom

xSirad ganmartovdiT, raTa rigianad

modundeT da daisvenoT. es xelsayreli droa uZrav

qonebasTan dakavSirebuli saqmeebisaTvis. ucxoelebTan

kavSiri SesaZloa perspeqtiuli mivlinebiT dasruldes.

kuro _ xelmZRvanel pirebTan SesaZloa daiZabos

urTierToba, amitom axals nurafers

moimoqmedebT. CaatareT kvlevebi, Tumca

eqstremalur situaciebSi sjobs

mSvidad da damajereblad imoqmedoT.

dro dauTmeT bavSvebsa da ojaxis

wevrebs, raTa maTac igrZnon Tqveni mzrunveloba.

Tavdajerebuloba dagexmarebaT rogorc sasiyvarulo

urTierTobaSi, ise materialuri dovlaTis mogrovebaSi.

tyupebi _ uari TqviT azartul TamaSebze da imoqmedeT

megobrebTan SeTanxmebiT. dadebiTad

warimarTeba urTierToba ucxoelebTan,

oRond dagWirdebaT moTminebisa da yuradRebis

gamaxvileba. kargi iqneba Tu am

periodSi ixelmZRvanelebT intuiciiT.

araxelsayreli periodia qorwinebisTvis, amitom pirad

cxovrebaSi nu aCqardebiT. axali STabeWdilebebis

survilis gamo bevr dros gaatarebT mogzaurobasa an

gadaadgilebebSi.

kirCxibi _ gaaanalizeT sakuTari qcevebi, raTa ar

dauSvaT adrindeli Secdomebi. es periodi

araxelsayrelia azartuli TamaSebisa da

gamoucdel partniorebTan TanamSromlobisaTvis.

nebismier sakiTxTan mimarTebaSi

daiokeT eiforia, raTa yvelafris mimarT

gulgrili ar gaxdeT. daicaviT ojaxuri

tradiciebi da Tavs ufro daculad igrZnobT. naTesavebi

ki dagexmarebian saqorwino da sasiyvarulo urTierTobebis

daregulirebaSi.

lomi _ Tqveni popularoba gaizrdeba ucxoelTa

Soris, ramac momavalSi SeiZleba

kargi Semosavali mogitanoT. sesxis

aRebis procedura gamartivdeba,

xolo finansuri mdgomareoba gamoswordeba.

dadebiTi emociebi da

stabiluri mdgomareoba ki dagexmrebaT saqmeebis momgebianad

dasrulebaSi. moqmedebisas nu gamoiyenebT farul

da ukanono meTodebs. ucxoeTidan miRebuli informacia

an daxmareba Zalze drouli iqneba.

qalwuli _ xelmZRvaneli pirebisa an zemdgomi

organoebisgan mosalodnelia zewola,

amitom gagiWirdebaT gadawyvetilebis

miReba. winaaRmdegobebis

gadalaxva gagiadvildebaT Tu intuicias

daujerebT da windaxedulad

imoqmedebT. sasiyvarulo urTier-

TobebSi metad momTmeni da taqtiani

iyaviT. SeZlebisdagvarad gadadeT mogzauroba, raTa

saxlidan Sors ar gagiuaresdeT janmrTelobis mdgomareoba.

saswori _ nu CaereviT sxvis saqmeSi da monaw-

34 XXXIV

ileobas nu miiRebT kamaTsa da diskusiebSi,

raTa aman emociuri foni

ar gagimuqoT. gamoswordeba finansuri

mdgomareoba da bavSvebTan Tama-

Sisa da garTobis xalisi gagiCndebaT.

sworad gaTvlili saubrebis Sedegad

SesZlebT Zveli sasiyvarulo urTierTobis gamosworebas.

kargi droa mravalricxvovani kavSirebis damyarebisa

da saqmiani mogzaurobebisaTvis.

morieli _ droa garkveul siamovnebaze TqvaT

uari da daiviwyoT mavne Cvevebi da

komleqsebi. sasiyvarulo partniorTan

urTierTobisas sjobs Tavi aaridoT

saWirboroto sakiTxebis ganxilvas,

radgan Zalzed dabneuli iqnebiT da araseriozul STabe-

Wdilebas datovebT. axalma adamainebma da Sexvedrebma

SesaZloa goneba gadagiRaloT. daRlilobis dasaZlevad

meti dro gaatareT bavSvebTan, sayvarel adamianTan an

megobrebTan erTad.

mSvildosani _ SesaZloa aucilebeli gaxdes

kvalifikaciis amaRleba. es mSvenieri

periodia codnis misaRebad an gasagrZeleblad.

gaumjobesebas daiwyebs

materialuri mdgomareobac. muSaobisas

daRlas ver igrZnobT, Tumca Tqveni

organizmis rezervebi usazRvro araa

da drodadro sasurvelia SeisvenoT. samsaxureobrivi

romani zedmet problemebs SegiqmniT isedac daZabul

ojaxur urTierTobaSi.

Txis rqa _ zedmiwevniT SeamowmeT yvela sabu-

Ti da ar daujeroT Worebs. bevr

xalxTan urTierToba damRleli

iqneba. megobrebTan erTad dawyebuli

saqme ki Zalzed perspeqtiuli. axal

sferoSi ganaTlebis miReba an Zvelis

gaRrmaveba momavalSi damatebiT

Semosavals giqadiT. sayvarel adamianTan

an meuRlesTan urTierTobas gamocda elis:

Tu Tavs aaridebT konfliqtebs, advilad SeinarCunebT

Zvirfas urTierTobas.

merwyuli _ piradi problemebi TqvenTvis umniSvnelovanes

adgils daikavebs, amitom

yvela sxva saqme ukana planze

gadava, ramac SesaZloa kolegebisa da

xelmZRvaneli pirebis ukmayofileba

gamoiwvios. ecadeT metad pedanturi

iyoT axali partnorebis SerCevisas da nu SegeSindebaT

SesaZlo cvlilebebis. ojaxiswevrebTan da sayvarel

adamianTan urTierTobisas wyenas gulSi nu

CaidebT, radgan es cudad aisaxeba Tqvens janmrTelobaze.

sxva qlaqSi mogzauroba da axal xalxTan

urTierToba met xaliss SegmatebT.

Tevzebi _ megobrebisa da axloblebis wreSi

gatarebuli dro erTi-orad SegmatebT

silaRes, oRond spirtian sasmelebs nu

mietanebiT. meti iocnebeT raTa icodeT

rodis da risken gindaT swrafva.

sasiyvarulo sfero gagaxarebT Tavisi

stabilurobiTa da simSvidiT. saqmeebSi warmoqmnili

gaugebrobebis gamo bevrjer mogiwevT gegmebis Secvla,

rac sakmaod damRleli aRmoCndeba, amitom kargi

iqneba, Tu periodulad mainc SeisvenebT.

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