Tavi 13. mineraluri resursebi 1. Sesavali ... - momxmarebeli.ge

momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 13. mineraluri resursebi 1. Sesavali ... - momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 13. mineraluri resursebi1. Sesavalimineraluri resursebi qveynis ekonomikis sayrdenia.. amave dros,samTo-mopoveba erT-erTi wamyvani sferoa garemoze mavne zemoqmedebisSesaZleblobis TvalsazrisiT. saTanado garemosdacviTi regulirebisgareSe mineraluri resursebis mopoveba garemosTvis Zalzed didi zianismomtani SeiZleba iyos.saqarTveloSi mineraluri resursebis mopovebisas garemos dacvismizniT saqmianobis regulirebis safuZvelia saqarTvelos garemosdacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis ministris #538 brZaneba “garemosaTvismiyenebuli zianis gaangariSebis meTodikis damtkicebis Sesaxeb” dainstruqcia _ “sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebisas, afeTqebissamuSaoebis ganxorcielebisas, nayarebis ganlagebisas daeqspluataciisas atmosferuli haeris dacvis wesebis Sesaxeb”. am wesebisdarRvevis SemTxvevaSi damrRvevs ekisreba administraciuli dasamoqalaqo pasuxismgebloba saxelmwifos mimarT.2. arsebuli mdgomareobasaqarTvelos geologiur Taviseburebas gansazRvravs misimdebareoba evraziul da afro-arabul filaTa Sesayarze. teritoriaaraerTgvarovania Tavisi agebulebiTa da geologiuri ganviTarebisistoriiT (ruka 1), aman ganapiroba wiaRiseuli sabadoebismravalferovneba, romelicruka 1.


saSualo da mcire zomis sabadoebsa da gamovlinebebSia ganawilebuli.saqarTvelos mineralur-resursuli fondi warmoadgens qveynisteritoriasa da mis ekonomikur zonaSi ganTavsebul sabadoTa damaRaroTa erTobliobas, romelTaTvisac damtkicebulia saxelmwifobalansze ayvanili maragebi. amdenad, resursuli fondi warmoadgensresursuli bazis im nawils, romlic Tavisi ekonomikuri da samrewvelomaCveneblebiT SeiZleba CarTul iqnas sabazro urTierTobebSi.dRevandeli mdgomareobiT, saqarTvelos myari mineraluri resursebisfondi moicavs balansze ricxul 552 sabados. maTgan mopovebisa dagadamuSavebis pricesSi garemosaTvis potenciurad meti zianis miyenebaSeuZliaT LliTonebs, xolo myari mineraluri resursebis sxva saxeebiSedarebiT inertulebi arian (cx. 1; cx. 3)cxrili 1: balansze ricxuli sabadoebi# mineraluriresursis saxeobaraodenoba ganzomilebamaragebidamtkicebuliliTonebi (Savi,feradi,_1keTilSobili,iSviaTi) 52sawvavi resursebi2 naxSiri 3 aTasi t 373 9343 torfi 5 aTasi t 47 644mosapirkeTebeliqvebi 1074 gabro aTasi m 3 7 2245 gabro-dioriti aTasi m 3 5 9726 sieniti aTasi m 3 6607 graniti aTasi m 3 5 4008 tufobreqCia aTasi m 3 14 9389 daciti aTasi m 3 2 28910 teSeniti aTasi m 3 6 16511 diabazi aTasi m 3 10 74112 bazalti aTasi m 3 45 05213 doleriti aTasi m 3 19 579qimiurimrewvelobisnedleuli 4414 bariti aTasi t 4 731mJavagamZleandeziti aTasi t 12 71715 mirabiliti aTasi m 3 149316 bentoniti aTasi t 6 41817 mineraluripigmenti aTasi t 43718 talki aTasi t 2 77419 kalciti aTasi t 27 21120 diatomiti aTasi m 3 7 995


gansakuTrebuli sifrTxilis gamoCenaa saWiro ninowmindis raionis avWalisada wyaltubor raionis anaria-wuTaisis torfis sabadoebTan mimarTebaSi,maTi mopovebis licenzia jer gacemuli ar aris.cxrili 2: saqarTvelos sawvavi resursebiresursi sabado ganzomileba maragebi muSavdeba Tu aramuranaxSiriaxalcixe aTasi t. 71321C 2 -4415droebiT armuSavdebanaxSiri tyibuli-Saori aTasi t. 281673muSavdebaC 2 -49806torfi ninowmindis r.-ni aTasi t. 255 ar muSavdebatorfi lanCxuTis r.-ni aTasi t. ∑ 38105 ar muSavdebatorfi w y a l t u b o sr.-niaTasi tona 355 ar muSavdebaSavi liTonebi. saqarTvelo ar ganekuTvneba msoflios ZiriTadrkinisSemcvel auzebs. miuxedavad amisa, rkinis prognozuli resursebi damisi 4 ZiriTadi sabado (foladauris, Zamis, tyibuli-Saoris da sufsanatanebis)sakmaod soliduria (cx. 3, ruka 3). tradiciul sabadoebTan erTadsaqarTveloSi gvaqvs mdidari zRviuri magnetit-titanomagnetituriqviSrobebi, romlebic mniSvnelovan dagrovebebs qmnian mdinareebis sufsisada natanebis deltebSi.gagral i T o n e b isoxumiS a v iz R v afoTibaTumimarganecispilenZ-barit-polimetalebityvia-TuTiaspilenZirkinadariSxaniruka 3.1. WiaTura; 2. yvirila; 3. Cxari-ajameTi; 4. Sqmeri; 5. madneuli; 6. kvaisa; 7. mTianiafxazeTi; 8. mTiani aWara; 9. madneuli. 10. foladauri; 11. Zama; 12. tyibuli; 13.luxumi; 14. cana.cxrili 3: saqarTvelos liTonebisa da iSviaTi elementebismaragebi da resursebiliToni ganzomileba damtkicebulimaragebiresursebiprognozuli


Fe aTasi t 19 419,69 172 000,0Mn aTasi t 222 381 2 480,0Co t 15,9 49,3Au kg 45 726,4 798 816,9Ag t 5 063,64 1 122,2Cu aTasi t 1 082,91 5 761,9Pb aTasi t 285,52 3 304,5Zn aTasi t 733,26 8 649,0Sb aTasi t 14,74 54,5As aTasi t 40,65 0,0Se t 89,8 13,1Te t 98,6 1,7W t 0 5,8Hg t 1 776 177,3Al aTasi t 176 000 205 000,0S aTasi t 1 384,3 0,0Cd t 554,4 570,0In t 49,5 0,0Bi t 180,5 170,0WiaTuris sabados aRmoCenidan dawyebuli, saqarTvelo iTvlebamsoflios erT-erT ZiriTad marganecmatarebel provinciad (cx. 4; ruka3.). saqarTveloSi dReisaTvis moqmedi samTo-mompovebeli sawarmoebidangaremosaTvis erT-erTi Zlieri damabinZurebeli swored marganecismopovebaa.r.-nizestafonisr.-nicxrili 4: marganecis sabadoebi da maTi maragebiraioni sabado ganzomileba maragebi muSavdeba TuaraWiaTuris WiaTura aTasi t. 201921 muSavdebar.-niC 2 - 12662Terjolis Cxari-aTasi t. 5000 muSavdebaajameTiyvirilisdepresia(ubanirodinauli)aTasi t. 15460C 2 - 11540onis r.-ni Sqmeri aTasi t. B+C 1 – 647,7C 2 – 190,5B+C 1 +C 2 –738,1ar muSavdebadroebiT armuSavdebakeTilSobili (xalasi), feradi da msubuqi liTonebi (ruka 4). gardamd.-ebis engurisa da xramis qviSrobebisa (Au araumetes 2t.), keTilSobililiTonebis gavrceleba saqarTveloSi dakavSirebulia or madnianformaciasTan _kolCedan-polimetalurTan da spilenZporfirulTan.


saqarTveloSi cnobilia ori tipis kolCedanuri sabado: pirveli _didi kavkasionis samxreT ferdze (adange, zesxo, da artani) da meore _bolnisis madniani raionis, dakavSirebuli madneulisa da TanmxlebkolCedan-polimetaluri tipis sabadoebTan. madneulis meoradikvarcitebidan xdeba oqros mopoveba.bolnisis madniani raionis siaxloves mdebareobs dambludis sabado,romelic Seicavs: oqros, vercxls, spilenZs, tyvias, TuTias, indiums.ufro mcire masStabis mqonea merisis samTamadno raioni, romelicwarmodgenilia ZarRvuli oqro-polimetaluri mineralizaciiT dawarmoadgens spilenZporfiruli sistemis gare Saravands.garda amisa saqarTveloSi cnobilia tyvia-TuTiis 8 sabado,romlebic didi kavkasionis samxreT ferdzea ganlagebuli. arsebulimonacemebiT es madnebi Seicaven samrewvelo mniSvnelobis Ag, Ga, Ge, Se, Teda Tl.keTilSobili, feradi da msubuqi liTonebis ganawilebaruka 4.pirobiTi niSnebi:zeda marjvena kuTxe:_ msxvili (didi) sabadoebi;_ mcire sabadoebi;_ Cu-pirotituli sabadoebi;_ Au-Ag-Cu-Pb-Zn-barituli msxvilisulfiduri sabadoebi;_ Au-Ag-Cu-Pb-Zn ZarRvuli sabadoebi;_ porfiruli Cu-polometalurisabadoebi;_ stratificirebuli Pb-Zn sabadoebi;_ ZarRvuli tipis Pb-Zn sabadoebi;_ Al (analcimi) sabado;_ oqros qviSrobebiqveda marcxena kuTxe:I. pirveli rigis tereinebi_ didi kavkasionis_ somxiT-yarabaxisII.subtereinebi Savi zRvatranskavkasiistereinis_ CxalTa-tfaris_ gagra-javis_ mestia-TianeTis_ Zirulas_ aWara-TrialeTis_ Sua mtkvris


iSviaTi liTonebi da elementebi. saqarTvelos iSviaTi liTonebissabadoebi moicaven mTavari qedis vercxliswylis, volframisa damolibdenis mcire sabadoebs.oqro-dariSxanis, dariSxanisa da oqro-stibiumis sabadoebssaerTaSoriso mniSvneloba aqvT. maT Soris aRsaniSnavia luxumis oqrodariSxanisstratiformuli sabado, romelic Sedgeba anTimonitisa daoqrosSemcveli arsenopiritis Canawinwklebisa da realgar-auripigmentismasiuri zonebisagan. garemos dabinZurebis TvalsazrisiT es sabadogansakuTrebiT saSiSia. misi gaumarTavi mopovebisa da gadamuSavebisasadamianebisa da cocxali organizmebis sicocxles emuqreba safrTxe (cx.5; ruka 3), garda amisa dabinZurebuli niadagisa da wylis reabilitaciapraqtikulad SeuZlebelia.cxrili 5: dariSxani da misi Tanmxlebi liTonebiraioni sabado ganzomileba maragi muSavdeba Tuaraamrolaurisr.-niluxumi aTasi t. 8,70,9droebiT armuSavdebalentexis r.-nicana aTasi t. 30,22519,987droebiT armuSavdebalentexis r.- Woroxis aTasi t.ni1,85/2,63 ar muSevdebaqimiuri, agroqimiuri, keramikuli, naxevradZvirfasi da sanakeToboqvebis, inertuli, metalurgiuli da saamSeneblo masalebis resursebismopoveba-gadamuSaveba nakleb zians ayenebs garemos da sworieqspluataciis pirobebSi safrTxes ar uqmnis adamianebis sicocxles,Tumca garemos damabinZureblebad rCebian.saqarTveloSi ama Tu im myari mineraluri resursis xvedriTi wilimineralur-resursuli bazis saerTo moculobaSi da Sesabamisadresursis TiToeuli saxis samrewvelo aTvisebis procentuli raodenobamocemulia me-6 cxrilSi, saidanac Cans _ samTo-mopovebiTi samuSaoebiswarmoebiT garemos dabinZurebis ra potenciuri saSiSroeba arsebobs.cxrili 6: saqarTvelos mineraluri resursebis ZiriTadi tipebisSefaseba aTvisebis mixedviT# resursebis ZiriTadi tipi xvedriTiwili, %samrewveloaTvisebisxarisxi, %1 Savi liTonebi 10.1 452 feradi da Zvirfasi liTonebi 12.4 63 iSviaTi liTonebi da elementebi 0.8 54 qimiuri da agroqimiuri4.7 15nedleuli5 keramikuli nedleuli 0.5 706 naxevradZvirfasi qvebi 0.9 37 mosapirkeTebeli masalebi 8.6 108 inertuli da saSeni masalebi 4.0 2510 sxva nedleuli 2.4 3511 mTlianad 100.0 24


saqarTveloSi gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobis mqone sabadoTa rigsganekuTvneba liTonTa sabadoebidan – WiaTuris manganumisa damadneulis (bolnisis madniani raionis) sabadoebi. Aamave rangisadSeiZleba CaiTvalos aramadniani sabadoebidan ceoliTSemcveli (Zegvi,TeZami, axalcixe da sxva) sabadoebi da saamSeneblo mosapirkeTebelimasalebi, Tumca maTi potenciali aTvisebis TavalsazrisiT sruladgamoyenebuli ar aris.mineraluri resursebis mopovebis zemoqmedeba garemozeqveynis ekonomikuri ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebelia mineraluriresursebis mopoveba da damuSaveba-gadamuSaveba, Tumca am procesebs Tanaxlavs garemoze mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba. esenia TviTmyofadilandSaftebisa da ekosistemebis SesaZlo moSla; miwis, wylisa da haerisdabinZurebis saSiSroeba da adamianisaTvis janmrTeli da usafrTxosasicocxlo garemosaTvis safrTxis Seqmna. samwuxarod saqarTveloSimomuSave samTo-geoligiuri kompaniebi xSirad iyeneben moZvelebul dagaumarTav teqnologiebs, riTac mniSvnelovan zians ayeneben garemos. ammxriv aRsaniSnavia didi masStabebis mqone garemos dabinZurebebi: md.yvirilasi _ dakavSirebuli marganecis mopovebasTan, md. maSaverasi damisi Senakadebis, aseve haeris – dakavSirebuli bolnisis jgufissabadoebis madnebis mopovebasTan da maT gadamuSavebasTan. mdinareebisdabinZurebas Tan sdevs maTi mimdebare teritoriebis dabinZureba. esukanaskneli mniSvnelovan masStebebs aRwevs Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas,rom am mdinareebidan gamoyvanili arxebiT irwyveba sasoflo-sameurneodaniSnulebis miwebi, xolo am miwebze moyvanili produqciiT, romlebSicTavisTavd gazrdilia mavne komponentebis Semcveloba, sargeblobsadgilobrivi mosaxleoba. garda amisa, am produqciis realizacia xdebarogorc didi qalaqebis, ise soflebis bazrebze.haeris dabunZurebaze did gavlebas axdens sasargeblo wiaRiseulismopoveba Ria karieruli wesiT. am ukanasknelze xSirad warmoebs burRvaafeTqebiTisamuSaoebi, garda amisa karierebze intensiurad moZraobssatvirTo manqanebi _ es yvelaferi ki erTianobaSi iwvevs haerSimniSvnelovan gafrqvevebs da Sesabamisad mis dabinZurebas. am procesisSerbileba SesaZlebelia (magaliTad samanqano gzis morwyviT), magrammisi sruli likvidacia ara. dabinZurebuli haeridan mavne nivTierebebisgadatana da daleqva, emisiis centridan, did manzilze xdeba _gansakuTrebiT wvrili, wminda fraqciebis. es Tavis mxriv iwvevsniadagisa da aqidan ki gruntis wylebis dabinZurebas.aseTive masStabis problemebi iqmneba im sabadoebzec romlebicdakavSirebulia ZiriTadad Savi, feradi, keTilSobili, msubuqi, iSviaTiliTonebisa da elementebis mopovebasTan da damuSavebasTan.mniSvnelovan safrTxeebs Seicavs sabadoebi da maRaroebi,romlebidanac sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebiTi samuSaoebi droebiTSeCerebulia. aseTi obieqtebi dakonservebulia, magram rCeba didialbaToba imisa, rom maTgan moxdes garemos damabinZurebelinivTierebebis gatana, magaliTad miwisqveSa wylebiT. TugaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom miwisqveSa wylebiT xSirad ikvevebianzedapiruli wylebi da garda amisa es wylebi miwis Rrma horizontebsaRweven, maSin cxadi xdeba, rom rogorc lateralze, ise vertikalzegaremos dabinZureba did masStabebs aRwevs. es garemoeba gansakuTrebulSeSfoTebas iwvevs maSin, roca saqme exeba vercxliswyals, dariSxansa da


sxva Zlier momwamlavi nivTierebebis gatanas sabados an samTogamonamuSevris konservaciis adgilidan.yoveli sabados “sicocxlis mosalodneli xangrZlivoba”ganisazRvreba misi maragis odenobiTa da sasargeblo wiaRiseulismopovebis licenziis gacemisas gansazRvruli wiaRiseulis yovelwliurimopovebis raodenobis pirobiT. garda amisa mniSvnelovania Tavadsasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis licenziis moqmedebis vadebi wiaRiTsargeblobis saxeebis mixedviT (saqarTveloSi sasargeblo wiaRiseulismopovebis licenziebi gacemulia 2-5w.-dan 20-25 wlis vadiT.) magaliTad:madneulis oqro-spilenZ-barit-polimetaluri eqspluataciaSi myofi sabadoskompleqsuri damuSaveba (bolnisis r.-i) gacemulia 20 wlis vadiT,amave vadiTaa gacemuli mopovebis licenzia md. okrilas marcxenanapirze oqros madangamovlinebaze oqros mopovebaze (mestiis r.-ni,Wuberis xeobis mimdebare teritoria). Sesabamisad dro, romlisganmavlobaSic garemos dabinZureba mniSvnelovan masStabebs miaRwevssoliduria. Tu amas davumatebT dros, romelic dasWirdebagabinZurebuli garemos srul reabilitacias (im SemTxvevebSi, Tu esSesaZlebeli iqneba), maSin gasagebi xdeba _ ra masStabis problemebTangvaqvs saqme.3. ZiriTadi gamowvevebi:myari mineraluri resursebis mopovebasTan dakavSirebuli garemozezemoqmedebis ZiriTadi problemebia haeris, wylisa da miwis dabinZureba,mewyerebis gaaqtiureba. dReisaTvis aseTi zemoqmedebis kontrolis daminimizaciis erTaderTi meqanizmi garemos dacvis inspeqciis saqmianobaa,romelic axorcielebs saxelmwifo kontrols garemos dacvis sferoSi.masve evaleba garemos dabinZurebis faqtebis gamovlena da aRkveTa, asevesasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis licenziebis pirobebis Sesrulebiskontroli. Tumca sasargeblo wiaRiseulis mopovebis samuSaoebisspecifiurobidan gamomdinare aucilebelia samTo-geologiurisaqmianobiT gamowveuli garemos dabinZurebaze kontroli. aqgasaTvaliswinebelia is garemoeba, rom myari minereluri resursisTiToeul saxes mipovebisa da gadamuSavebis misTvis damaxasiaTebeliTavisebureba axasiaTebs da TiToeuli maTganisaTvis garemosdacviTiproblemebic gansxvavebulia.arsebuli mdgomareobidan gamomdinare, mineraluri resursebismopovebiT gamowveuli garemosdacviTi problemebis Seswavlisa daSemcirebisTvis aucilebelia dawesdes samTo-mopovebiT saqmianobaTagaremosdacviTi monitoringi. is ar unda Semoifarglebodes mxolodregulirebis obieqtis (konkretuli samTo minakuTvnis farTobis) da misicalkeuli nawilis, magaliTad samTo-mopovebiTi warmoebis siaxlovesmdinaris sisufTavis kontroliT, aramed unda mowmdebodes mdinerebisSenakadebis, miwis (rogorc zedapirze, ise 20-40sm. da saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi >) da haeris sisufTave _ obieqtis sakontrolo wertilebsgareTac.

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