parlamentis uwyebani

parliament.ge

parlamentis uwyebani

g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T isaWiroa gansakuTrebul zomaTamiReba, raTa gaZlierdesadgilobrivi Temi da Semcirdesgare migracia. regionebSi migraciisSedegad uaresdebaagreTve mosaxleobis xarisxobrivimaCvenebeli. kerZod,migrantebs Soris 60%-ze metiumaRlesi da saSualo specialuriganaTlebis mqone piria.potenciuri migraciis mizezebidanSeiZleba gamovyoT materialurixelmokleoba, cudisocialuri pirobebi da mudmivisamuSaos uqonloba.yovelive amis gaTvaliswinebiT,mTiani regionebisa da gansaxlebiskomitetSi momzaddakanonproeqti `saqarTvelosSromis kanonTa kodeqsSi damatebisSetanis Taobaze~, romlismizania sabiujeto sferoSidasaqmebuli pensionerebismaterialuri Semosavlebis zrdada cxovrebis pirobebis gaumjobeseba,kerZod sabiujetoorganizaciebSi, dawesebulebebsada uwyebebSi, agreTve maTstruqturul qvedanayofebSi dasaqmebulpensionerebs xelfasTanerTad miecemaT Sesabamisipensia sruli odenobiT.kanonproeqti `sasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebismiwis sakuTrebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebis Setanis Taobaze~saqarTvelos parlamentis mier1999 wlis 9 ivniss miRebuliiqna kanoni `sasoflo-sameurneodaniSnulebis miwis sakuTrebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~.am kanonis Tanaxmad, saZovrebimaRalmTian regionebSi saerTosasoflo da saTemo sakuTrebadgamocxadda da soflebs SorissaZovrebis sazRvrebi dgindeba,tradiciulad, arsebuli mijniT,mosazRvre soflebis sakrebuloebisSeTanxmebis safuZvelze.magram am kanonis amoqmedebamseriozuli problemebi Seuqmnaim raionebisa da soflebismosaxleobas, romlebic tradiciuladsxva raionebis teritoriazezamTris, zafxulis subalpurida alpuri saZovrebiTdroebiT sargeblobdnen. amasTan,calkeuli adgilobrivi mmarTvelobisorganoebis xelmZRvanelebmadaiwyes aRniSnuli saZovrebisukanonod ijariT gacemada TviTneburad daaweses sxvadasxvagadasaxadebi. bolo wlebSiam mizeziT mniSvnelovaniproblemebi Seeqmna mecxoveleobisganviTarebas. aqedan gamomdinare,subalpuri, alpuri da zamTrissaZovrebi unda darCes saxelmwifosakuTrebaSi.aRniSnuli sakiTxebis mosawesrigeblad,saZovrebis racionaluradgamoyenebisa da pirutyvisgadasareki trasebis momsaxurebis,aseve saZovrebis sworadgadanawilebisa da efeqtianigamoyenebis mizniT, mTianiregionebisa da gansaxlebis komitetSimomzadda kanonproeqti`sasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebismiwis sakuTrebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Taobaze~.kanonproeqti ar iTvaliswinebsdamatebiT finansur xarjebs.~saxelmwifo specialuri wodebebisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebis Setanis mizania`saqarTvelos SinagansaqmeTa organoebSi samsaxurisgavlis wesis Sesaxeb debulebisdamtkicebis Taobaze~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 1997 wlis17 martis #139 brZanebulebis24-e muxlis `saxelmwifo specialuriwodebebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos 2000 wlis 5dekembris kanonTan SesabamisobaSimoyvana.saqarTvelos prezidentisbrZanebulebis 24-e muxlisSesabmisad, saSualo specialuriwodeba _ leitenanti eniWebaTsajaro samarTlis iuridiulipiris _ Sinagan saqmeTa saminiskanonproeqti`saxelmwifo specialuriwodebebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebis Setanis Sesaxeb~tros akademiis kursdamTavrebulebs,rodesac `saxelmwifospecialuri wodebebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanoni aRniSnulsar iTvaliswinebs. migvaCnia,rom kanonis me-5 muxls (saqarTvelosSinagan saqmeTasaministros specialuri wodebebi)unda daematos me-3 punqti,romelic Tavis mxriv Sssakademiis kursdamTavrebulTaTvisSeqmnis saSualo specialuriwodebis _ leitenantis miniWebissakanonmdeblo safuZvels. amasTanaRvniSnavT, rom aRniSnuliwarmoadgens `saxelmwifo specialuriwodebebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis pirvelimuxlis me-4 punqtis pirdapirmoTxovnas, romlis TanaxmadakrZalulia am kanoniT gauTvaliswinebelispecialuri wodebebisminiWeba.kanonproeqti `saxelmwifospecialuri wodebebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Sesaxeb ar iwvevssaqarTvelos saxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiTi saxsrebisgamoyofas.kanonproeqtis avtoria saqar-Tvelos parlamentis iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisa daadministraciuli reformebiskomiteti.kanonproeqti saqarTvelosparlaments waredgineba iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciuli reformebiskomitetis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i5


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti saqarTvelos organul kanonSi`saqarTvelos saarCevno kodeqsi~ cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqti saqarTvelosorganul kanonSi `saqarTvelossaarCevno kodeqsi~ cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Sesaxebexeba ramdenime mniSvnelovansakiTxs _ amomrCevelTa aRricxvasada registracias dasaarCevno administraciis Seqmniswessa da saarCevno komisiebisuflebamosilebebs. garda amisa,dazustebulia zogierTi cneba,termini da procedurulisakiTxebi.amomrCevelTa zusti siebisSedgenis mizniT SemoRebuliapotenciuri da iuridiulieleqtoratis cnebebi. maTganpirveli moicavs yvela moqalaqes,visac Teoriulad aqvs arCevnebSimonawileobis ufleba,xolo meore moicavs im amomrCevlebs,romlebic kanoniTdadgenil vadaSi gaivlian saarCevnoregistracias. sworedam meore kategoriis amomr-Cevlebs eqnebaT arCevnebSi monawileobisiuridiuli ufleba.amomrCevelTa zusti identificirebismizniT SemoRebuliamaTi eleqtronuli registraciismeqanizmi (saxeldobr,piris biometruli parametrebisdadgena misi registraciisasda Sesabamis monacemTa Setanaeleqtronul monacemTa bazaSi).dawvrilebiTaa aRwerili amomr-CevelTa aRricxvisa da saarCevnoregistraciis wesi da vadebi,Semowmebis meqanizmebi, gansazRvruliapasuxismgebeli pirebi,sanqciebi darRvevebisTvis dasaarCevno komisiebis gadawyvetilebaTagasaCivrebis wesi. gaTvaliswinebuliasiebis maqsimalurixelmisawvdomoba yveladainteresebuli pirisTvis (magaliTad,internetSi ganTavseba).gardamaval debulebebSi asaxuliaamomrCevelTa aRricxvisada saarCevno registraciis orialternatiuli varianti.pirveli varianti iTvaliswinebszemoT aRweril eleqtronulregistracias, oRond2003 wlis saparlamento ar-CevnebisaTvis dadgenilia Ziri-Tadi normebisgan gansxvavebulivadebi da wesi (drois faqtorisgaTvaliswinebiT). garda amisa,imis gamo, rom moqalaqispiradobis mowmoba amomrCevelTadaaxloebiT naxevars aqvs daes mowmobebi yovlad daucvelia,SemoRebulia kodirebuli, fotosuraTiani,gayalbebis sawinaaRmdegodacvis mqone amomrCevlismowmobebi.meore varianti iTvaliswinebs2003 wlis saparlamento arCevnebisaTvisamomrCevelTa aRricxvasada saarCevno registraciaseleqtronuli meTodisgamoyenebis gareSe. dawvrilebiTaaaRwerili informaciisSegrovebis, misi Semowmebis,amomrCevelTa (rogorc potenciur,aseve iuridiul amomrCevelTa)siebis Sedgenis (maTSoris, monacemTa kompiuterulibazis) wesi da vadebi.mkafiodaa gansazRvruli dagamijnuli saarCevno komisiaTada komisiebis TanamdebobispirTa uflebamosilebani. saxeldobr,centraluri saarCevnokomisiis ZiriTadi funqciaganisazRvra arCevnebis organizebiTda qvemdgomi komisiebismoqmedebis kanonierebis SemowmebiT.csk-s praqtikulad aRarunda dasWirdes normatiuliaqtebis gamocema (garda, gamonaklisSemTxvevaSi, saarCevnoprocedurebis vadis Secvlisa).mas SeuZlia gaauqmos Secvalosqvemdgomi saarCevno komisiismxolod is gadawyvetileba,romelic exeba arCevnebis dRemdegamarTul procedurebs. racSeexeba kenWisyrasa da misiSedegebis Sejamebas, gadawyvetilebasiRebs saolqo saarCevnokomisia, csk-s ki SeuZliasasamarTloSi saolqo komisiisgadawyvetilebis gasaCivreba. cskda saolqo saarCevno komisiakenWisyriT aRar wyvets iseTsakiTxebs, romelTa gadawyvetacdamokidebulia wardgenilisabuTebis sisrulesa dasizusteze (magaliTad, partiebis,saarCevno blokebis, kandidatebisada meTvalyureTa registracia).am sakiTxebs erTpirovnuladwyvets komisiis konkretuliTanamdebobis pirida masve ekisreba pasuxismgeblobaukanono gadawyvetilebebismiRebisaTvis.rac Seexeba saarCevno administraciisSeqmnisa da misisaqmianobis sakiTxebs, kanonproeqtSiwarmodgenilia isproeqti, romelic 2002 wlisaprilSi pirveli mosmeniT miiRoparlamentma (pirveli mosmenisasgamoTqmuli SeniSvnebis gaTvaliswinebiT).es proeqti iTvaliswinebs(kanonis ZiriTadnawilSi) csk-s Seqmnas parlamentisarCevnebis SedegebissafuZvelze, partiebis, saqarTvelosprezidentisa da avtonomiurirespublikebis umaRlesiwarmomadgenlobiTi organoebismier paritetul safuZvelzedaniSnuli pirebisagan, xolosxva komisiebis Seqmnas partiebismier daniSnuli wevrebisagan.gardamavali debulebebis Tanaxmad,2003 wlis saparlamentoarCevnebisaTvis komisiebi Seiqmnebabolo saparlamento da adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSi,sul cota 4-procentianiSedegis mqone (proporciularCevnebSi) partiebis mierdaniSnuli pirebisagan; csk-sTiTo wevrs daniSnaven saqarTvelosprezidenti da avtonomiurirespublikebis umaRlesiwarmomadgenlobiTi organoebi.komisiebi Tavad irCeven Tavmjdomares,mis moadgilesa dakomisiis mdivans.im SemTxvevaSi Tu miRebuliiqna amomrCevelTa eleqtronuliregistraciis modeli, saWiroiqneba daaxloebiT 3 milionilari mis gansaxorcieleblad(maT Soris, amomrCevlis mowmobisufasod gasacemad).p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i6


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iwarmodgenili kanonproeqtiSemuSavebulia saqarTvelos konstituciis,adamianis uflebaTasferoSi saerTaSoriso aqtebisada am sferoSi saerTaSorisoorganizaciebis rekomendaciaTaganxorcielebisa da saqarTveloSiadamianis uflebaTadacvis ganmtkicebis mizniT,aRniSnulis uzrunvelsayofad,`saqarTveloSi adamianTa uflebaTadacvis ganmtkicebis Ronis-ZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 17maisis #240 brZanebulebisme-2 punqtis Sesabamisad, saqar-Tvelos iusticiis saministrosdaevala adamianis uflebaTadacvis sferoSi arsebuli saerTaSorisoaqtebis moTxovnaTagaTvaliswinebiT sisxlis samarTliskodeqsSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Taobazekanonproeqtis momzadeba.kanonproeqtis pirveli punqtiT,`saqarTveloSi adamianTauflebaTa dacvis ganmtkicebisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis17 maisis #240 brZanebulebisme-2 punqtis `b~ qvepunqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli davalebisSesabamisad, sisxlis samarTliskodeqss emateba axali danaSaulis_ erovnuli da rasobrividiskriminaciis Semadgenloba.sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis142-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuliapasuxismgebloba adamianTa TanasworuflebianobisdarRvevisaTvis_ maTi rasis, kanis feris,enis, sqesis, religiisadmidamokidebulebis, aRmsareblobispolitikuri an sxva Sexedulebis,erovnuli, eTnikuri,socialuri, romelime wodebisadmian sazogadoebrivi gaer-Tianebisadmi kuTvnilebis, warmo-Sobis, sacxovrebeli adgilisan qonebrivi mdgomareobis gamo.amasTan, kodeqsiT ar arisgaTvaliswinebuli pasuxismgeblobaim qmedebisaTvis, romelicmiznad isaxavs erovnuli anrasobrivi mtrobis an ganxeTqilebisCamogdebas, erovnulipativisa da Rirsebis damcirebasanda rasis, kanis feris, sokanonproeqtisaqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~cialuri kuTvnilebis, erovnulian eTnikuri warmomavlobisniSniT adamianis uflebebisSezRudvas. kanonproeqtisSesabamisad, sisxlis samarTliskodeqsis XXIII Tavs (danaSauliadamianis uflebebisa da TavisuflebebiswinaaRmdeg) daemataaxali 1421-e muxli _ rasobrividiskriminacia, romlis redaqciaCamoyalibda `rasobrivi diskriminaciisyvela formis likvidaciisSesaxeb~ saerTaSorisokonvenciiT gansazRvruli `rasobrividiskriminaciis~ cnebisSesabamisad. muxli Sedgeba saminawilisagan da makvalificirebelgaremoebebad miCneulia igiveqmedeba Cadenili: a) sicocxlisan janmrTelobisaTvis saSiSiZaladobiT anda aseTi Zaladobisgamoyenebis muqariT; b) samsaxurebrivimdgomareobis gamoyenebiT;g) pirTa jgufis mier;d) ramac gamoiwvia adamianissicocxlis mospoba an sxvamZime Sedegi. sasjeli pirvelinawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli qmedebisaTvis_ Tavisuflebis aRkveTavadiT sam wlamde, meorenawiliT _ Tavisuflebis aRkveTavadiT xuT wlamde, xolomesame nawiliT _ TavisuflebisaRkveTa vadiT xuTidan aTwlamde.proeqtis amave punqtiT, sisxlissamarTlis kodeqss emateba1422-e muxli _ invalidobisgamo SezRuduli SesaZleblobismqone pirTa uflebebis SezRudva.`SezRuduli SesaZleblobismqone pirTa socialuri dacvisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisme-2 muxlis Tanaxmad, SezRuduliSesaZleblobis mqonepirTa diskriminacia isjebakanoniT, Tumca sisxlis samarTliskodeqsi ar Seicavsspecialuri Semadgenlobis saxiTam pirTa uflebebis dacvisuzrunvelsayofad mimarTulsisxlissamarTlebriv akrZalvas.zemoaRniSnulis gaTvaliswinebiT,proeqtiT warmodgenili1422-e muxlis Tanaxmad, invalidobisgamo SezRuduli SesaZleblobismqone piris uflebebisSezRudva, ese igi ampirisaTvis kanoniT miniWebuliuflebis ganxorcielebaze uarisTqma, ramac arsebiTad xelyoam piris ufleba, warmoadgenssisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobissafuZvels. makvalificirebelgaremoebebad miCneuliaaRniSnuli qmedebis samsaxurebrivimdgomareobis gamoyenebiT,araerTgzis, agreTve, Zaladobisan Zaladobis muqaris gamoyenebiTCadena, agreTve qmedebiTmZime Sedegis gamowveva.kanonproeqtis meore punqtiT,`saqarTveloSi adamianTa uflebaTadacvis ganmtkicebisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis17 maisis #240 brZanebulebisme-2 punqtis `g~ qvepunqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli davalebisSesabamisad, sisxlis samarTliskodeqss emateba axali danaSaulisSemadgenloba _ adamianistrefikingi (vaWroba).adamianiT vaWroba misi eqspluataciismizniT saerTaSorisoorganizebuli danaSauliserT-erT seriozul da yvelazegavrcelebul nairsaxeobas warmoadgens,romelsac damnaSavisaTvismcire riskis fasadudidesi mogeba moaqvs. statistikurimonacemebiT, yovelwliuradizrdeba ricxvi im adamianebisa,romlebic kontrabandisgziT gadahyavT sxvadasxva qveyanaSieqspluataciis mizniT,sadac isini, faqtiurad, monurmdgomareobaSi imyofebian. maTSoris sakmaod didia procentuliSemadgenloba qalTa daarasrulwlovanTa, romelTacmotyuebis, gadabirebis, gatacebis,mosyidvis Tu Zaladobis sxvaformebis gamoyenebiT hyidianprostituciaSi Cabmisa dasxvadasxva saxis momsaxurebisgawevis mizniT. unda aRiniSnos,rom am TvalsazrisiT ZiriTadaddonorebad iTvlebian postsabWouriqveynebi, rac gamowveuliaam qveynebSi SeqmnilimZime ekonomikuri mdgomareobiTada dasaqmebis sistemis mouwesrigeblobiT.imis gaTvaliswinebiT, romadamianiT vaWroba tran-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i9


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T isnacionalur danaSaulTa kategoriasmiekuTvneba. am sferoSiarsebuli kanonmdeblobis harmonizaciisTvalsazrisiT, kanonproeqtzemuSaobisas Seswavliliiqna saerTaSoriso organizaciebismier aRniSnul sakiTxTandakavSirebiT momzadebuli analitikurimasalebi, aseve sxvadasxvaqveynebis _ ruseTis,ukrainis,poloneTis, daniis, holandiis,CineTis, Sveicariis, Sveciis,safrangeTis, iaponiis, belgiis,iugoslaviis sakanonmdeblogamocdileba am sferoSi. zemoTmiTiTebuli qveynebis umravlesobiskanonmdebloba adamianiTvaWrobis (trefikingis) calkedanaSaulad gamocxadebisas,Semoifargleba adamianTa vaWrobiTmxolod prostituciisada sxvadasxva seqsualuri momsaxurebisgawevis mizniT.zogierTi qveynis _ belgiis,iugoslaviis, poloneTis, Sveicariis,kanonmdebloba ki acxadebsra trefikings danaSaulad,moicavs adamianebiT vaWrobisTiTqmis yvela formas.saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuliadanaSaulebi, romlebic garkveulwiladukavSirdeba adamianiTvaWrobis SemTxvevebsac _ iZuleba(150-e muxli), arasrulwlovnisantisazogadoebriv qmedebaSiCabma 171-e muxli), arasrulwlovaniTvaWroba (172-emuxli), prostituciaSi Cabma(253-e muxli). amasTan, garkveuliTaviseburebebisa da mZime TanamdeviSedegebis, aseve saerTa-Soriso aqtebis moTxovnaTagaTvaliswinebiT. mizanSewoniliaadamianiT vaWrobis calkedanaSaulis Semadgenlobis saxiTCamoyalibeba, romelSic konkretuladiqneba gansazRvrulirogorc am danaSaulis cneba,ise misi makvalificirebeligaremoebebi da Sesabamisipasuxismgeblobis zomebi.warmodgenili kanonproeqtiTsaqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsis XXIII Tavs (danaSauliadamianis uflebebisa daTavisuflebebis winaaRmdeg)emateba 1431-e muxli _ adamianistrefikingi. danaSaulis cnebada misi makvalificirebeligaremoebebi Camoyalibda `transnacionaluriorganizebuli danaSauliswinaaRmdeg~ gaer-Tianebuli erebis organizaciiskonvenciis `adamianTa, gansaku-TrebiT qalebiTa da bavSvebiTvaWrobis Tavidan acilebis,aRkveTis da damnaSaveTa dasjis~damatebiTi oqmis mixedviT _adamianis yidva an gayidva anmis mimarT sxva ukanono garigebisganxorcieleba agreTve,iZulebiT, SantaJiT an motyuebiTadamianis gadabireba,gadayvana, gadamalva anda miRebaeqspluataciis mizniT. eqspluataciadCaiTvleba adamianis gamoyenebaiZulebiTi Sromis,danaSaulebriv an sxva antisazogadoebrivqmedebaSi an prostituciaSiCabmis, seqsualurieqspluataciis an sxva saxismomsaxurebis gawevis, agreTve,adamianis sxeulis organos,organos nawilis an qsovilisgadanergvis an sxvagvarad gamoyenebismizniT.muxli Sedgeba sami nawilisaganda meore nawilis mixedviT,danaSaulis makvalificirebelgaremoebebad iTvlebaigive qmedeba, Tu igi Cadenilia_ a) araerTgzis; b) ori anmeti piris mimarT; g) samsaxurebrivimdgomareobis gamoyenebiT;d) dazaralebulis saz-RvargareT gayvaniT; e) dazaralebulissicocxlis an janmrTelobisaTvissaSiSi ZaladobiTanda aseTi Zaladobisgamoyenebis muqariT; v) winaswariSecnobiT umweo mdgomareobaSimyofis anda damnaSaveze materialuradan sxvagvarad damokidebulismimarT mesame nawilismixedviT, danaSaulis makvalificirebelgaremoebad iTvlebaigive qmedeba Cadenili: a)Cadenili organizebuli jgufismier; b) ramac gamoiwviadazaralebulis sicocxlis mospobaan sxva mZime Sedegi.pirveli nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuliqmedebisaTvis gaTvaliswinebuliasasjeli _ TavisuflebisaRkveTa xuTidanTormet wlamde vadiT. meorenawiliT _ Tavisuflebis aRkveTarvidan TxuTmet wlamdevadiT, xolo mesame nawiliT_ Tavisuflebis aRkveTa Tormetidanoc wlamde vadiT.unda aRiniSnos imis Taobaze,rom ramdenadac adamianiTvaWroba transnacionalur dana-Sauls warmoadgens. am dana-SaulisaTvis pasuxismgeblobiszomebis gansazRvrac, moxda`transnacionaluri organizebulidanaSaulis winaaRmdeg~gaeros konvenciis Sesabamisad,romlis Tanaxmad, transnacionalurixasiaTis danaSaulisaTvissasjelis minimalurizRvari unda iyos oTx wlamdeTavisuflebis aRkveTa. amasTan,sasjelTa zomis gansazRvramoxda im garemoebis gaTvaliswinebiTac,rom saqarTvelossisxlis samarTlis kodeqsisme-18 muxlis mixedviT, sisxlissamarTlebrivipasuxismgeblobadawesebulia mxolod gansakuTrebiTmZime danaSaulTamomzadebisas, xolo me-12 muxlisTanaxmad, gansakuTrebiT mZimedanaSaulad iTvleba iseTidanaSauli, romlis CadenisaTvisackodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuliasasjelis saxiT TavisuflebisaRkveTa aT welze metivadiT an uvado TavisuflebisaRkveTa.proeqtis mesame da meoTxepunqtebis Sesabamisad, cvlilebaSedis sisxlis samarTliskodeqsis 172-e muxlSi, romliTacgaTvaliswinebulia pasuxismgebloba_ arasrulwlovanTavaWrobisaTvis, kerZod,im garemoebis gaTvaliswinebiT,rom kodeqss emateba 1721-emuxli _ arasrulwlovnis trefikingi,am muxlis meore,mesame da meoTxe nawilebiamoRebuli iqna.proeqtiT warmodgenili 1721-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli`arasrulwlovnis trefikingis~cneba Camoyalibda `transnacionaluriorganizebuli dana-Saulis winaaRmdeg~ gaerTianebulierebis organizaciiskonvenciis `adamianTa, gansaku-TrebiT, qalebiTa da bavSvebiTvaWrobis Tavidan acilebis,aRkveTis da damnaSaveTa dasjis~damatebiTi oqmis moTxovnaTaSesabamisad, romlis Tanaxmad,dasjadia arasrulwlovnis yidvaan gayidva an mis mimarT sxvaukanono garigebis ganxorcieleba,agreTve, misi gadabireba,gadayvana, gadamalva anda miRebaeqspluataciis mizniT, miuxedavadimisa, gamoyenebuli iyo Tuara mis mimarT am oqmiTgaTvaliswinebuli iZulebiszomebi _ motyueba, SantaJian Zaladoba.muxli Sedgeba sami nawilisaganda makvalificirebelip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i10


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T igaremoebebi ganisazRvra proeqtiTwarmodgenili 1431-emuxlis gaTvaliswinebiT. xolosasjelTa zomebi 1431-e muxliTgaTvaliswinebulTan SedarebiTmkacria.proeqtis mexuTe punqtiTwarmodgenili cvlilebebi momzadda`saqarTveloSi adamianTauflebaTa dacvis ganmtkicebisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis17 maisis #240 brZanebulebisme-2 punqtis `a~ qvepunqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli davalebisSesabamisad. davalebis Tanaxmad,iusticiis saministros daevalasaqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuliwamebis cnebis `wamebisa dasxva sastiki, araadamianuri dasxva Rirsebis Semlaxvelimopyrobisa da dasjis winaaRmdegsaerTaSoriso konvenciis moTxovnebTanSesabamisobaSi moyvanismizniT kodeqsSi Sesabamisicvlilebebis Setanis Taobazewinadadebebis momzadeba.`wamebisa da sxva sastiki,araadamianuri da RirsebisSemlaxveli mopyrobisa da dasjiswinaaRmdeg~ saerTaSorisokonvenciis pirveli muxlisTanaxmad, `wameba~ gansazRvruliarogorc nebismieri moqmedeba,romliTac romelime pirsganzrax ayeneben Zler tkivilsan tanjvas, fizikurs Tuzneobrivs, raTa misgan anmesame pirisagan miiRon cnobebian aRiareba, dasajon qmedebisaTvis,romelic man anmesame pirma Caidina an romlisCadenaSic igi eWvmitanilia,agreTve daaSinon an aiZulonigi an mesame piri nebismierimizeziT, romelsac safuZvladudevs nebismieri xasiaTisdiskriminacia, roca aseTtkivilsa da tanjvas ayenebssaxelmwifos Tanamdebobis pirian sxva oficialuri piri, anmaTi waqezebiT, nebarTviT damdumare TanxmobiT~.konvenciis aRniSnuli ganmartebismixedviT, ramdenadac`wamebis~ subieqti unda iyosTanamdebobis piri an masTangaTanabrebuli piri, warmodgeniliproeqtis meoTxe punqtiTSesabamisi cvlilebebi Sedissisxlis samarTlis kodeqsisSesabamis XXXIX TavSi _samoxeleo danaSauli, konkretuladki, 335-e muxlSi, romeliciTvaliswinebs pasuxismgeblobasCvenebis micemis iZulebisaTvis.kerZod, Seicvala am muxlissaTauri da redaqcia da CamoyalibdamiTiTebuli konvenciiTgaTvaliswinebuli cnebisSesabamisad. 335-e muxlisarsebuli redaqciiT gansaz-Rvruli iyo pasuxismgeblobamxolod Cvenebis da daskvnisiZulebisaTvis, Sesabamisad, SemosazRvruliiyo aseve pirTawre, romelTa mimarT vrceldebodaam nomris moqmedeba.proeqtiT warmodgenili redaqciiT,aRniSnul muxls daematapasuxismgebloba ganmartebismicemis iZulebisaTvis, daemataaseve makvalificirebeli niSnebida gafarTovda pirTa wre.proeqtiT warmodgenilicvlilebebiT, miTiTebuli konvenciiTgansazRvruli damamZimebeligaremoebebis Sesabamisaddakonkretda aseve am muxlismeore nawiliT gaTvaliswinebulimakvalificirebeli garemoebebida Camoyalibda SemdegiredaqciiT _ qmedeba Cadenili:a) sicocxlis an janmrTelobisaTvissaSiSi ZaladobiT anZaladobis gamoyenebis muqariT;b) dazaralebulis wamebiT.amasTan, gamkacrda am muxliTgaTvaliswinebuli sasjeliszomebi da damatebiTi sasjelissaxiT daemata _ Tanamdebobisdakavebis an saqmianobis uflebisCamorTmeva xuT wlamde vadiT.warmodgenili kanonproeqtismiReba ar iwvevs safinansoekonomikurcvlilebebs.kanonproeqti momzadda saqarTvelosiusticiis saministrosmier saqarTveloSi euTos misiisadamianur ganzomilebaTa ofisisada amerikis iuristTa asociaciissisxlis samarTlis programissamarTlebrivi mxarda-WeriTa da TanamSromlobiT.kanonproeqti `arasapatimro sasjelTaaRsrulebis wesisa da probaciis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~`sasamarTlo aqtebis aRsrulebissistemis srulyofisdamatebiT RonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos prezidentis 2002wlis 31 dekembris ~1635gankargulebis pirveli punqtisSesabamisad saqarTvelos iusticiissaministros daevala moqmedkanonmdeblobaSi cvlilebebisSetana, romelic uzrunvelyofssaaRsrulebo biuroebisagan arasapatimrosasjelTa aRsrulebisada probaciis funqciebis gamijvnas,iusticiis saministrossistemaSi arasapatimro sasjelTaaRsrulebisa da probaciissamsaxuris Seqmnas, samsaxurisTanamSromelTa samarTlebrivistatusis dadgenas da maTisocialuri da samarTlebrividacvis garantiebis dawesebas.aRniSnuli gankargulebisSesabamisad saqarTvelos iusticiissaministroSi momzaddasaqarTvelos kanonis proeqti`arasapatimro sasjelTa aRsrulebiswesisa da probaciisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~.warmodgenili proeqtis SesabamisadsaqarTvelos iusticiissaministros sistemaSi arasapatimrosasjelebis aRsrulebisada msjavrdebulTa mimarT probaciisRonisZiebebis gamoyenebisfunqciis Sesrulebis uzrunvelyofismizniT iqmneba struqturuliqvedanayofi _ arasapatimrosasjelTa aRsrulebisada probaciis departamenti daiusticiis saministros teritoriuliorganoebi _ arasapatimrosasjelTa aRsrulebisada probaciis biuroebi.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i11


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqtis Sesabamisad,aRmasrulebel samarTlebriv aqtebsuSualod aRasrulebenarasapatimro sasjelTa aRsrulebisada probaciis oficrebi,romlebic saqmianoben saqarTvelosiusticiis saministrosteritoriul organoebSi _arasapatimro sasjelTa aRsrulebisada probaciis biuroebSi.probaciis biuros xelmZRvanelobsarasapatimro sasjelTaaRsrulebisa da probaciis ufrosioficeri _ probaciisbiuros ufrosi, romelsacTanamdebobaze niSnavs daTanamdebobidan aTavisuflebssaqarTvelos iusticiis ministri.probaciis biuros samoqmedoteritorias, debulebas,saStato ganrigsa da xarjTaRricxvasamtkicebs saqarTvelosiusticiis ministri.kanonproeqtis SesabamisadaRsrulebas daeqvemdebareba aramxolod sasamarTlos ganaCeni,ganCineba da dadgenileba, aramedaseve sxva is samarTlebriviaqti, romelic iTvaliswinebsmsjavrdebulTaTvis sasjelisRonisZiebaTa Secvlas (mag., amnistiisada Sewyalebis aqti).proeqtiT regulirdeba msjavrdebulipiris probaciisbiuroSi gamocxadebis sakiTxi,kerZod, aRsasrulebeli samarTlebriviaqtis ZalaSi Sesvlidanaraugvianes 10 dRisa. msjavrdebulipiri valdebulia gamocxaddesprobaciis biuroSi sacxovrebeliadgilis mixedviTaRsasrulebel samarTlebrivaqtTan mimarTebaSi Tavis ufleba-movaleobaTagasacnobad.am vadaSi msjavrdebuli pirisprobaciis biuroSi gamoucxadeblobawarmoadgens probaciisbiuros ufrosis mier sasamar-TloSi wardginebiT mimarTvissafuZvels msjavrdebulisaTvissamarTlebrivi mdgomareobisgamkacrebis moTxovniT. aRsaniSnavia,rom proeqtis mixedviT,samarTlebrivi aqti probaciisbiuros unda gadaegzavnos amaqtis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes10 dRis vadaSi.warmodgenili kanonproeqtiTkanons emateba axali 121 da122 muxlebi, romlebic iTvaliswinebsarasapatimro sasjelTaaRsrulebisa da probaciissamsaxuris TanamSromelTasamarTlebrivi statusis gansaz-Rvras, maTi socialuri dasamarTlebrivi dacvis garantiebisdadgenas. proeqtis mixedviT,samsaxurebriv uflebamosilebaTaganxorcielebisas probaciisoficeri aris xelisuflebiswarmomadgeneli da misi kanonierimoTxovna savaldebuloaSesasruleblad. probaciis oficriskanonieri moTxovnis Seusruleblobaki gamoiwvevs pasuxismgeblobaskanoniT dadgeniliwesiT. probaciis oficersufleba aqvs samsaxurSi miRebisdRidan samsaxuridan ganTavisuflebisdRemde miiRos SromiTigasamrjelo, kanonmdeblobiTdadgenili wesiT isargeblosyovelwliuri SvebulebiT, sapensiouzrunvelyofiT welTanamsaxurebis mixedviT. samsaxurebrivimovaleobis Sesrulebisasprobaciis oficris da-Rupvis SemTxvevaSi mis ojaxssaxelmwifo biujetidan eZlevaerTdrouli kompensacia 10wlis xelfasis odenobiT, xoloprobaciis oficers, romelicdaiWra an dasaxiCrda samsaxurebrivimovaleobis Sesrulebisas,sxeulis dazianebis simZimisSesabamisad eZleva kompensaciasaxelmwifo biujetidan 1-dan5 wlamde xelfasis odenobiT.probaciis oficeri uzrunvelyofiliasaxelmwifos xarjzesamsaxurebrivi tansacmliT. probaciisoficris dadgenilinimuSis formis samsaxurebrivtansacmels gaaCnia saxelmwifospecialuri wodebis amsaxveliniSnebi. probaciis oficersufleba aqvs Seinaxos daataros kanonmdeblobiT gansaz-Rvruli Tavdacvis specialurisaSualebebi, romelTa nusxasada Senaxvis, tarebis da gamoyenebiswess, moqmedi kanonmdeblobisgaTvaliswinebiT,amtkicebs saqarTvelos iusticiisministri.`saaRsrulebo warmoebaTaSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisTanaxmad am kanoniT dadgeniliwesiT aRsrulebas eqvemdebarebasisxlis samarTlis saqmezekanonier ZalaSi Sesuli sasamarTloganaCeni pirisaTvis sasjelissaxiT jarimis dakisrebisSesaxeb, romlis aRsrulebasuzrunvelyofs saqarTvelos iusticiissaministros saaRsrulebodepartamenti da saaRsrulebobiuroebi. funqciaTadublirebis Tavidan acilebismizniT, warmodgenili proeqtismixedviT, probaciis samsaxurebisaRsrulebas Sesabamisad ardaeqvemdebareba arasapatimrosasjelis iseTi saxe, rogoricaasasjelis saxiT jarimis dakisreba.Sesabamisi cvlilebebigaTvaliswinebulia `arasapatimrosasjelTa aRsrulebis wesisada probaciis Sesaxeb~ kanonispirvel, me-5, me-8, me-10, me-13muxlebSi.proeqtis Tanaxmad, msjavrdebulebTanaRmzrdelobiTi xasiaTis,aseve sxva RonisZiebebis gamoyeneba,romlebic xels SeuwyobsmsjavrdebulTa resocializacias,penitenciuri sistemis socialurmuSakebTan erTad SeiZlebaganaxorcielon socialurmadawesebulebebma an calkeulmapirebma arasapatimro sasjelebisaRsrulebisa da probaciisdepartamentTan dadebuli xel-Sekrulebis safuZvelze. aRniSnuligamowveulia im garemoebiT,rom msjavrdebulTa resocializaciismizniT SesaZlebeliasaWiro gaxdes sazogadoebaSimisi socialuri dafsiqologiuri adaptaciis mizniTmravalmxrivi daxmarebisaRmoCena.proeqtis mixedviT, probaciisoficeri msjavrdebulisaTvisdakisrebuli movaleobis Seusruleblobisyovel faqts atyobinebsaRsasrulebeli samarTlebriviaqtis mimReb sasamar-Tlos, sxva SemTxvevaSi kisasamarTlos msjavrdebulissacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT,aseT SemTxvevebs ki SeiZlebawarmoadgendes amnistiis anSewyalebis aqtebis miReba.proeqtis Sesabamisad, axaliredaqciiT yalibdeba kanonis21-e muxli, romlis mixedviT,msjavrdebulis mier dakisrebulimovaleobis SeusruleblobadCaiTvleba msjavrdebulis daumorCileblobaprobaciis oficriskanonieri moTxovnisadmian misi uari dakisrebulimovaleobis Sesrulebaze, xolomsjavrdebulis mier dakisrebulimovaleobebis sistematuri Seusrulebloba(rac gulisxmobsdakisrebul movaleobaTa aranaklebsamjer Seusruleblobas)warmoSobs sasamarTlosadmiSesabamisi wardginebiT mimarTvissafuZvels.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i12


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iarasapatimro sasjelebis aRsrulebisada msjavrdebulTamimarT probaciis RonisZiebebisgamoyenebisaTvis saqarTvelosiusticiis saministros sistemaSiaxali samsaxuris Camoyalibebaiwvevs Sesabamis cvlilebebssaqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsSi (proeqti Tan erTvis),sadac axali samsaxuris gaTvaliswinebiTzustdeba arasapatimrosasjelebis aRsrulebisada msjavrdebulTa mimarT probaciisRonisZiebaTa gamoyenebazeuflebamosili organos dasaxeleba.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos iusticiis saministrosmier.msjavrdebulTa da patimarTasamedicino momsaxurebis saTanadodoneze organizeba daam sferoSi maTi uflebebisjerovani dacva sasjelaRsrulebissistemis reformis umniSvnelovanesimimarTulebaa. daavadebulimsjavrdebulisa dapatimris mimarT patimrobis,rogorc sasjelis RonisZiebisaRsruleba metad specifiurisferoa da saWiroebs mkacrda zust samarTlebriv reglamentacias.msjavrdebulTa da patimarTasamedicino momsaxurebis ganxorcielebissakiTxebs exeba `patimrobisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis IX Tavi, magram masSiasaxuli debulebebi srulyofiladver aregulireben samedicinomomsaxurebis organizaciulsakiTxebs, kerZod: kanonSiar aris asaxuli samedicinomomsaxurebis makoordinirebelida xelmZRvaneli organo; kanonSimxolod naxsenebia sasjelaRsrulebisdepartamentis samkurnalodawesebuleba, magram araris gansazRvruli misi statusi,masSi avadmyofis moTavsebisada gaweris organizaciiswesi, samkurnalo dawesebulebissaqmianobis wesi msjavrdebulismimarT sasamarTlos mier gansaz-Rvruli reJimis aRsrulebasTandakavSirebiT, samkurnalo dawesebulebisxelmZRvanelis uflebamosilebamsjavrdebulis mimarTwaxalisebisa da disciplinuriRonisZiebebis gamoyenebasTan,reJimis Secvlisa da pirobiTvadamde gaTavisuflebis Sesaxebmasalebis sasamarTlosaTviswardgenasTan dakavSirebiT dasxva urTierTobebi, rac warmoiSobamsjavrdebulis sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebidan samkanonproeqti`patimrobis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~kurnalo dawesebulebaSi gadayvanis,misi iq yofnisa daukan dabrunebis dros; araris gansazRvruli samkurnalodawesebulebaSi operatiul-sam-Zebro RonisZiebebis ganxorcielebis,dawesebulebaSi momxdaridanaSaulis mokvlevisada gamoZiebis samarTlebrivimeqanizmebi da sxv.aRniSnuli sakiTxebis dauregulireblobaiwvevs mTel riggaurkvevlobebs samkurnalodawesebulebebis saqmianobaSi, racsaboloo jamSi uaryofiTadaisaxeba rogorc msjavrdebulTada patimarTa samedicino momsaxurebisxarisxze da maTiuflebebis dacvaze, aseve samkurnalodawesebulebebis normalurfunqcionirebaze.aRniSnuls emateba is garemoebac,rom `patimrobis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis miRebisSemdeg sasjelaRsrulebis sistemaSiganxorcielda mTelirigi organizaciuli da struqturulireformebi, rac arasaxula kanonSi da saWiroebssakanonmdeblo doneze ganmtkicebas,kerZod:reformis sawyis etapze samedicinosamsaxuri formirebuliqna rogorc sasjelaRsrulebisdepartamentis struqturulierTeuli. `saqarTvelos iusticiissaministros debulebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos prezidentis2000 wlis 30 oqtombris#471 brZanebulebis safuZvelzesamedicino samsaxuri gamoeyosasjelaRsrulebis departamentsda Camoyalibda iusticiis saministroscentraluri aparatisstruqturul qvedanayofad.sasjelaRsrulebis med-personalisasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebaTaadministraciebis daqvemdebarebidangadavida iusticiissaministros samedicino departamentiscentralizebul daqvemdebarebaSida mas uSualodkurirebs ministris erT-erTimoadgile. aRniSnuliT SesaZlebeligaxda sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebebis samedicinosamsaxurebis saqmianobis srulfasovanikontroli, ramac xeliSeuwyo patimarTa samedicinomomsaxurebis gaumjobesebasa daam sferoSi patimarTa uflebebisjerovan dacvas.yovelive zemoaRniSnulidangamomdinare, warmodgenili kanonproeqtimiznad isaxavs samedicinomomsaxurebis sferoSiarsebuli problemebis gadawyvetas,raTa aRniSnuli momsaxurebaganxorcieldes sistemurda mowesrigebul garemoSi.kanonis IX Tavis saTauriscvlileba ganpirobebulia imgaremoebiT, rom sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebaSi xorcieldebarogorc msjavrdebulTa,aseve braldebulTada gansasjelTa samedicinomomsaxureba. amave garemoebiTaagamowveuli kanonproeqtis pirvelimuxlis me-10 punqtiscvlilebebic.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxlisme-7 punqtiT yalibdebakanonis 37-e muxlis axaliredaqcia. igi gansazRvravs, rommsjavrdebulTa da patimarTasamedicino momsaxureba xorcieldebasasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebebissamkurnalo ganyofilebebSi,msjavrdebulTa dapatimarTa samkurnalo dawesebulebebSi,xolo saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi _ sxva Sesabamisiprofilis samedicino dawesebulebaSi.samedicino momsaxurebissferoSi msjavrdebulTa dap a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i13


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ipatimarTa uflebebis uzrunvelyofismizniT aRniSnuli muxlisme-2 punqti adgens, rommaTi samedicino momsaxurebaxorcieldeba janmrTelobis dacvissferoSi moqmedi kanonmdeblobis,qveyanaSi aRiarebulida danergili profesiuli dasamomsaxureo standartebis Sesabamisad,xolo me-3 punqtiafiqsirebs im struqturulcvlilebebs, razec zemoTgvqonda saubari da gansazRvravssaqarTvelos iusticiis saministrossamedicino departamentisZiriTad funqcias.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxlisme-9 punqtSi warmodgeniliakanonis me-40 muxlis axaliredaqcia, romlis pirveli punqtigansazRvravs, rom msjavrdebulTada patimarTa samedicinomomsaxurebas axorcielebssasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebissamedicino samsaxuri. me-3punqti adgens, rom samkurnalodawesebulebaSi an sxva Sesabamisiprofilis samedicino dawesebulebaSimsjavrdebulisa da patimrisgagzavnis, mkurnalobisada gaweris organizaciasa dakontrols axorcielebs iusticiissaministros samedicinodepartamenti.msjavrdebulTa da patimarTasamkurnalo dawesebulebis Seqmnisada funqcionirebis samar-Tlebrivi daregulirebis mizniT,kanonproeqtis pirvelimuxlis me-11 punqtiT yalibdebakanonis 43-e muxlis axaliredaqcia. msjavrdebulTa dapatimarTa samkurnalo dawesebuleba,misi samedicino saqmianobissferodan gamomdinare,SeiZleba iyos rogorc mravalprofiluri,aseve specializebuliprofilis. amave muxlisme-5 punqti adgens samkurnalodawesebulebaSi msjavrdebulisada patimris moTavsebis safuZvels,kerZod masSi ganTavsdebianis pirebi, romelTa mkurnalobaSeuZlebelia ganxorcieldessasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebissamkurnalo ganyofilebaSi. racSeexeba samkurnalo dawesebulebisreJimis sakiTxs, kanonproeqtiTar xdeba aRniSnulis gansaz-Rvra. samkurnalo dawesebulebisaTvisSeuZlebelia calsaxadromelime reJimis daweseba,vinaidan igi warmoadgensSereuli reJimis tipis dawesebulebas,romelSic SeiZlebagadayvanil iqnen msjavrdebulebisaerTo da mkacri reJimissasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebebidanda sapyrobiledan. aqedangamomdinare, 43-e muxlis axaliredaqciis me-6 punqti adgens,rom samkurnalo dawesebuleba,masSi moTavsebuli TiToeulimsjavrdebulis mimarT, uzrunvelyofssasamarTlos ganaCeniTmsjavrdebulisaTvis gansazRvrulireJimis aRsrulebas.marTalia, samkurnalo dawesebulebisZiriTadi funqciamsjavrdebulTa da patimarTamkurnalobaa, magram imis gaTvaliswinebiT,rom msjavrdebuls,misi daavadebis saxidan gamomdinare,SeiZleba drois xangr-Zlivi periodis manZilzemouxdes samkurnalo dawesebulebaSiyofna (gansakuTrebiTes Seexeba tuberkuloziTdaavadebul msjavrdebulebs,romelTa mkurnaloba wlebismanZilze grZeldeba sasjelaRsrulebisdepartamentis tuberkuloziTdaavadebul msjavrdebulTasamkurnalo dawesebulebaSi),mis mier sasjelismoxda xorcieldeba samkurnalodawesebulebaSi. amdenad, samkurnalodawesebulebis administraciismier saWiro xdebamoqmedi kanonmdeblobiT gaTvaliswinebuliiseTi RonisZiebebisgatareba, rac dakavSirebuliasasjelis aRsrulebisorganizaciul mxaresTan (sareJimo,usafrTxoebis, operatiul-samZebroRonisZiebebi). aqedangamomdinare, 43-e muxlis axaliredaqciis me-7 punqti gansaz-Rvravs, rom samkurnalo dawesebulebazepirdapir vrceldeba`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis me-8, me-9, 95-eda 96-e muxlebi, riTac samar-Tlebrivad daregulirdeba samkurnalodawesebulebebisa damsjavrdebulTa dacvis, aRniSnuldawesebulebebSi mokvlevis,gamoZiebis, operatiul-samZebroda uSiSroebis RonisZiebaTaganxorcielebis sakiTxebi. samkurnalodawesebulebaze pirdapirvrceldeba aseve `patimrobisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis 93-94-e muxlebis moTxovnebi,rac gulisxmobs samkurnalodawesebulebaSi sazogadoebrivikontrolis mudmivmoqmedikomisiis Seqmnasa damsjavrdebulTa da patimarTareligiuri moTxovnilebebisdakmayofilebis uzrunvelyofas.garda amisa, me-7 punqtisTanaxmad, samkurnalo dawesebulebazevrceldeba aseve`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoniT sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebisaTvis dadgeniliyvela norma, Tumcasamkurnalo dawesebulebis profilisada specifikis gaTvaliswinebiT,rac ganpirobebuliaimiT, rom janmrTelida avadmyofi msjavrdebulebismimarT erTnairad ver ganxorcieldeba`patimrobis Sesaxeb~kanonis rigi moTxovnebi (magaliTad,msjavrdebulTa gancalkevebiTmoTavsebis, maT mimarTdisciplinuri RonisZiebebisganxorcielebis, Sromisa daganaTlebis Sesaxeb kanonSiarsebuli debulebebi da sxv).aRniSnulma asaxva unda hpovossamkurnalo dawesebulebis debulebasada SinaganawesSi, romelsacamtkicebs saqarTvelosiusticiis ministri.`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis 43-e muxlisaxali redaqciis CamoyalibebasTandakavSirebiT, `patimrobisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqtispirveli muxlis me-8 punqtiTxdeba kanonis 43-e muxlisdebulebis 38-e muxlSi gadatana.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxlispirveli punqti iTvaliswinebskanonSi arsebuli xarvezisaRmofxvras. kerZod,sasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebaTaCamonaTvalSi fiqsirdebaarasrulwlovanTa aRmzrdelobiTidawesebuleba, romelicfaqtobrivad warmoadgens sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebas.Sesabamisad, kanonis me-6 muxlidanxdeba me-4 punqtisamoReba (miT ufro, rom msgavsdebulebas Seicavs kanonis 82-e muxli).garda aRniSnulisa, kanonproeqtiiTvaliswinebs sxvasakiTxebis daregulirebasac,kerZod:aWaris avtonomiuri respublikisteritoriaze, q. baTumSiganTavsebulia ~3 sapyrobile,romelTan mimarTebaSic ar arisgansazRvruli aWaris avtonomiurirespublikis iusticiisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i14


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T isaministros uflebamosilebebi.q. baTumis ~3 sapyrobilisdislokaciis adgilis gamogarkveuli problemebi iqmnebadawesebulebis administrirebisTvalsazrisiT. garda amisa,garkveulwilad rTuldeba ur-TierTobebi arasamTavroboorganizaciebisa da masobriviinformaciis saSualebebis warmomadgenlebTan,romlebic aWarisavtonomiuri respublikis iusticiissaministrosagan iTxovensxvadasxva saxis informaciasq. baTumis ~3 sapyrobileSimimdinare procesebisa da iqmoTavsebul msjavrdebulTa dapatimarTa yofiTi pirobebisSesaxeb. aRniSnulidan gamomdinare,kanonproeqtis pirvelimuxlis me-2 punqti iTvaliswinebskanonis me-7 muxlisaTvismeore punqtis damatebas,romlis mixedviTac avtonomiurirespublikis teritoriaze moqmedisasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebisdireqtors TanamdebobazeniSnavs da TanamdebobidanaTavisuflebs saqarTvelosiusticiis ministri. wardginebasdireqtoris daniSvnis TaobazeakeTebs avtonomiuri respublikisiusticiis ministri sasjelaRsrulebisdepartamentTanSeTanxmebiT. amasTan, kanonproeqtispirveli muxlis me-3 punqtis damatebis Sesabamisad,avtonomiuri respublikis iusticiisministrs saqarTvelosiusticiis ministris mier Sei-Zleba gadaeces sasjelaRsrulebisorganoebis calkeulikategoriis mosamsaxureTa TanamdebobazedaniSvnisa da gaTavisuflebisuflebamosileba (aqigulisxmeba avtonomiuri respublikisteritoriaze moqmedisasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebismosamsaxureTa daniSvnis uflebamosileba).aRniSnuli damatebaiTvaliswinebs aseve miTiTebuliuflebamosilebis sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebis direqtorisaTvisdelegirebis SesaZleblobasac,rac ukve gaaCniasaqarTvelos iusticiis ministrs`saqarTvelos iusticiis saministrossasjelaRsrulebis organoebSisaxelmwifo samsaxurisgavlis wesis Sesaxeb~ saqar-Tvelos prezidentis 1999 wlis31 dekembris #706 brZanebulebiT.kanonproeqtiT xdebaaRniSnulis sakanonmdeblo donezeganmtkiceba, amasTan, uflebamosilebisdelegireba gavrceldebaara marto rigiTiSemadgenlobis calkeuli kategoriismosamsaxureebze, rogorces saqarTvelos prezidentiszemoaRniSnul brZanebulebaSiagansazRvruli.`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoni msjavrdebulsaZlevs axloblebTan urTier-Tobis SesaZleblobas, racgamoixateba maT mier xanmokleda xangrZlivi paemnebiT sargeblobisuflebaSi. paemaniwarmoadgens msjavrdebulisgaresamyarosTan urTierTobissaukeTeso saSualebas da xelsuwyobs gaTavisuflebis SemdgomsazogadoebasTan mis adaptacias.iqedan gamomdinare, rom kanoniTdadgenilia paemnebis raodenobasasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebisreJimis Sesabamisad, xSiriaukanono paemnebis organizebisfaqtebi, rasac garkveulisazRauris fasad xels uwyobensasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebaTamosamsaxureebi. warmodgenilikanonproeqti iTvaliswinebspaemnebis raodenobisgazrdas, rac xels Seuwyobssasjelis aRsrulebis procesishumanizacias da Seamcirebs amsferoSi arsebuli korufciismasStabebs.`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis 68-e muxlisSesabamisad, msjavrdebulis sasjelismoxdisagan pirobiTvadamde gaTavisuflebasTan dakav-Sirebuli masalebis sasamarTlosaTvisgansaxilvelad wardgenisuflebamosil subieqtswarmoadgens sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebis direqtori. aRniSnuliuflebamosilebavrceldeba agreTve sapyrobilis,rogorc sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebis, direqtorzec.rogorc praqtika cxadyofs,xSiria SemTxvevebi, rodesacZiebisa da sasamarTlo procesisgaWianurebis gamo, sasjelismoxdisagan pirobiT vadamdegaTavisuflebis kanonmdeblobiTdadgenili SeRavaTi msjavrdebulzeSeiZleba gavrceldessasamarTlos mier gamotaniliganaCenis kanonier ZalaSiSesvlisTanave. aseT SemTxvevaSisapyrobilis direqtori uflebamosiliawarudginos sasamar-Tlos aRniSnuli masalebi,magram sasamarTlos mier sakiTxzegadawyvetilebis misaRebadgarkveuli droa saWiro, xolo`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis me-20 muxlisSesabamisad `TavisuflebaaRkveTilimsjavrdebuli sasjelismosaxdelad igzavneba, araugvianes 10 dRisa, kanonierZalaSi Sesuli sasamarTlosganaCenis aslis sapyrobilisadministraciis mier miRebisdRidan~. aseTi pirobis gamo,rodesac msjavrdebuli moklexanSi gadayvanili unda iqnessxva sasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebaSi,rogorc praqtikagviCvenebs, sapyrobilis direqtoriar iyenebs misTvis kanoniTminiWebul uflebamosilebas. TukanoniT ganisazRvreba aseTSemTxvevaSi msjavrdebulis sapyrobileSidatovebis SesaZlebloba,sapyrobilis direqtoriisargeblebs kanoniTminiWebuli uflebamosilebiT.aRniSnuli meqanizmi aseve xelsSeuwyobs Tavad msjavrdebulissasjelis moxdisagan pirobiTvadamde gaTavisuflebis kanoniTminiWebuli uflebis operatiulrealizacias. amasTan, Tavidanagvacilebs msjavrdebulis gadayvanassxva sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebaSi, rac arasasurveliaTavad msjavrdebulisaTvis,vinaidan maSin, rodesacmisi vadamde gaTavisuflebissakiTxis dadebiTad gadawyvetarealuria da igi elodebaaRniSnulze sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebas,mas uxdeba sxvasasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebaSigadasvla da damnaSaveTaaxal garemosTan iZulebiTiadaptireba. Tumca, im garemoebisgaTvaliswinebiT, rommsjavrdebuls SesaZloa arsurdes sapyrobileSi darCena,igi SeiZleba gadayvanil iqnesSesabamis sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebaSi. aRniSnuli meqanizmiskanonSi asaxvas iTvaliswinebskanonproeqtis pirvelimuxlis me-4 punqti,romlis Sesabamisadac kanonisme-20 muxls emateba me-4 dame-5 punqtebi. am damatebidangamomdinare, kanonproeqtispirveli muxlis me-15 punqtiTxdeba damatebis Setana kanonis75-e muxlis me-3 punqtSi daiTvaliswinebs sapyrobileSi immsjavrdebulTa moTavsebas,p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i15


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iromelTa pirobiT vadamdegaTavisuflebis masalebi wardgeniliasasamarTloSi gansaxilvelad.saboloo jamSi kanonproeqtiTSemoTavazebuli meqanizmixels Seuwyobs msjavrdebuliskanonieri uflebebisdacvas, etapirebis xarjebisSemcirebas da sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebebSi operatiuliviTarebis stabilurobas.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxlisme-5 punqtis `a~ qvepunqtiTxdeba kanonis 23-emuxlis me-3 punqtis debulebisamave muxlis me-2 punqtSigadatana, amasTan, vinaidan msjavrdebulisgadayvanis wesisada pirobebis gansazRvra undamoxdes normatiuli aqtiT,xolo sasjelaRsrulebis departamentisTavmjdomares aseTiaqtis gamocemis uflebamosilebaar gaaCnia. sityvebi `departamentisTavmjdomaris brZanebiT~icvleba sityvebiT `iusticiisministris brZanebiT~.kanonproeqtis avtori dawarmdgenia saqarTvelos iusticiissaministro.kanonproeqtis miReba ar iwvevssafinanso-ekonomikur Sedegebs.kanonproeqti ~sagadasaxado kodeqsSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~sagadasaxado kodeqsSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanismizania Tambaqos nawarmis dabegvriskuTxiT sagadasaxadosistemis srulyofa, misi dargisspecifikasTan da qveynis dRevandelmdgomareobasTan SesabamisobaSimoyvana.Tambaqos nawarmis dabegvrisoptimaluri modelis gansazRvradResac uaRresad aqtualurproblemad rCeba, radganac igisaxelmwifo biujetis SevsebiserT-erT mniSvnelovan wyaroswarmoadgens. bolo wlebispraqtikam daadastura, rom sagadasaxadotarifebis gauTavebelmacvlilebebma (1995-2001 ww. 6-jer) da maTma zrdam ukiduresadmZime mdgomareobaSi Caayenaadgilobrivi mwarmoeblebi,mkveTrad Seamcira saxelmwifobiujetSi Senatanebi da katastrofuladgazarda adgilobrivbazarze kontrabanduli warmoSobissigaretis xvedriTiwili. finansTa saministrosmonacemebiT, Tambaqos nawarmisimportisaTvis aqcizuri markebisrealizaciiT miRebuliSemosavali 1999 wels Seadgenda58 755 aTas lars, 2000wels _ 28 448 aTas, 2001wels _ 15 057 aTas, 2002wels _ 20 406 aTas.kontrabandas qveynis bazriswilis daaxloebiT 61%-iuWiravs (35 500 yuTi TveSi).kontrabandis aseTi zrda gamowveuliaimiT, rom qveyanaSimoqmedi Tambaqos nawarmisdabegvris tarifebi gacilebiTmaRalia dsT-Si da saqarTvelosmezobel qveynebSi moqmed analogiurgadasaxadebTan SedarebiT.msoflio gamocdilebisanalizi cxadyofs, rom nebismierqveyanaSi TambaqosTan mimarTebaSisagadasaxado tarifebis zrdaiwvevs kontrabandis xvedriTiwonis mkveTr zrdas dabiujetSi Senatanebis Semcirebas.msoflios ganviTarebuli qveynebismagaliTma dagvanaxa, romaseT SemTxvevebSi administrirebisgamkacrebas ar moaqvs sasurveliSedegi da rom mxolod sagadasaxadotarifebis liberalizaciaaxdens Zireul gavlenaskontrabandis Semcirebasa dabiujetSi Senatanebis zrdisprocesze. finansTa saministrosmonacemebiT, rodesac 1999 welsaqcizuri markis Rirebulebaufiltro sigaretze Seadgenda5 TeTrs, xolo filtrianze25 TeTrs, adgilobrivi Tambaqosnawarmidan miRebulma SemosavalmaSeadgina 3,9 mln lari. 2000wels aqcizuri markis Rirebulebagaizarda 30 TeTramde,xolo filtrianis 40 TeTramde.Semosavalma Seadgina mxolod770 aTasi lari.ukanasknel wlebSi dargSiSeqmnili situaciis analizzedayrdnobiT, mizanSewoniladmigvaCnia ufiltro sigaretida papirosi _ 7 TeTridanSemcirdes _ 2 TeTramde 1kolofze (20 Reri); aRniSnuligadasaxadi miuaxlovdeba mezobelsaxelmwifoebSi arsebul sagadasaxadotarifebs (mag.: ruseTi_ 1,8 TeTri, azerbaijani _1,6 TeTri da a. S.), racminimumamde daiyvans kontrabanduliufiltro sigaretebisxvedriT wonas adgilobrivbazarze. azrs daukargavs ukvexmarebaSi arsebuli aqcizurimarkebis xelmeored gamoyenebismavne praqtikas, rac am sferoSiarsebuli Crdilovani ekonomikiserT-erTi dasayrdenia.gaxdis adgilobriv warmoebasmTlianad legalurs, moawesrigebsaRricxvianobas, gazrdiswarmoebis moculobas da konkurentunarianobas.vinaidanufiltro sigaretis warmoebaTiTqmis 90%-iT efuZnebaadgilobrivi resursebis gamoyenebas,misi moculobis zrdagamoiwvevs adgilobrivi nedleulisbazis reabilitacias,Seqmnis axal samuSao adgilebsrogorc warmoebaSi, ise soflismeurneobaSi. yovelive zemo-Tqmuli aucileblad gamoiwvevsbiujetSi Senatanebis gazrdasminimum 3 milion laramde.sigaretis warmoebisaTvis sa-Wiro daWrili Tambaqo damosawevi Cibuxis Tambaqodamoukidebel saxelmwifoTaTanamegobrobis qveyanaTa sagareoekonomikuri saqmianobisaTvisgaTvaliswinebuli sasaqonlonomenklaturiT gadis erTida igive sasaqonlo kodiT,rac sigaretis warmoebisaTvissaWiro importirebuli daWriliTambaqos ganbaJebis dros qmnissabaJo organoebis mxridanproblemebs. Tanaxmad sagadasaxadokodeqsis 273-e muxlisme-13 punqtisa, mosawevi CibuxisTambaqo ibegreba fiqsirebuligadasaxadiT 1 kg-ze 20 lariTda, samwuxarod, xSiriaSemTxvevebi sabaJo organoebisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i16


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T imxridan, rodesac sigaretiswarmoebisaTvis saWiro daWrilTambaqos aniWeben mosaweviCibuxis Tambaqos kvalifikacias.aRniSnuli winadadebis realizaciaadministrirebis TvalsazrisiTar aris dakavSirebuliaranair winaaRmdegobebTan.sagadasaxado kodeqsis 273-emuxlis me-13 punqtis Tanaxmad,adgilobrivi warmoebis Tambaqosnawarmis miwodeba dRg-sa daaqcizis nacvlad ibegreba fiqsirebuligadasaxadiT. amavedros sigaretis miwodeba dRg-Ti ar ibegreba anu verxorcieldeba sazRvarze da qveynissivrceSi gadaxdili dRgsCaTvla. nebismieri saxisTambaqos nawarmi eqvemdebarebaaqcizuri markiT niSandebasda aqcizuri markebis SeZenisasfiqsirebuli gadasaxadi gadaixdevinebamTliani odenobiT.gamomdinare aRniSnulidan, Tambaqosnawarmis dabegvris eswesi ar iTvaliswinebs saeqsportodgankuTvnili samamulosigaretis nawarmis dabegvriskanonier meqanizms. rogorcwesi samamulo nawarmis nebismierisaxis eqsporti ibegrebadRg-sa da aqcizis nulovaniganakveTebiT, rac ar vrceldebamxolod da mxolod Tambaqosnawarmze, radgan dRg-sa daaqcizis nacvlad ibegrebafiqsirebuli gadasaxadiT.sagzao fondisa da samewarmeosaqmianobaze gadasaxadebiT dasabegrbrunvebSi ar Sedisdamatebuli Rirebulebis gadasaxadi,xolo samamulo Tambaqosnawarmi, Tanaxmad sagadasaxadokodeqsis 273-e muxlis me-13punqtisa, aRniSnuli gadasaxadismagivrad ibegreba misi Semcvelifiqsirebuli gadasaxadiT 20TeTriT 1 kolof sigaretze,xolo fiqsirebuli gadasaxadiSedis dasabegr brunvaSi, gamodisrom sagzao fondis gadasaxadiTda gadasaxadiT samewarmeosaqmianobaze ibegreba fiqsirebuligadasaxadi, anu adgiliaqvs ormag dabegvras.migvaCnia, rom adgilobriviwarmoebis Tambaqos nawarmzesamewarmeo saqmianobisaTvis gadasaxadisganakveTis zRvruliodenoba ganisazRvros fiqsirebuligadasaxadis gareSe produqciismiwodebiT miRebuliSemosavlebis (materialuri danaxarjebisgareSe) ara umetes1.0 procentiT.kanonproeqti `sabaJo tarifisa da gadasaxadisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisSetanis Taobazeproeqtis mizania Tambaqosnawarmis Semdgomi warmoebisaTvissaWiro daWrili Tambaqos sabaJogadasaxadisagan ganTavisufleba,vinaidan es ukanaskneli warmoadgenssigaretis warmoebisaTvissaWiro nedleuls,ise rogorc foTlovani Tambaqo,romelic aseve ganTavisuflebuliasabaJo gadasaxadisagan.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlissaproceso kodeqsSi cvlilebisada damatebis Setanis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos sisxlis samar-Tlis saproceso kodeqsSi cvlilebisada damatebis Setanismizania kodeqsis 48-e muxlis(gansjadoba) `advokatTa Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonTan SesabamisobaSimoyvana. aRniSnuli kanonis38-e muxlis me-8 punqtisbolo winadadebis Sesabamisadadvokatis winaaRmdeg aRZrulisisxlis samarTlis saqme ganxilulunda iqnes pirveliinstanciiT. uzenaesi sasamar-Tlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTasasamarTlo kolegiis mier,rodesac saqarTvelos sisxlissamarTlis saproceso kodeqsis48-e muxlis me-3 nawilisSesabamisad advokatis mierCadenili danaSauli Tbilisisada quTaisis saolqo sasamar-Tloebisa da afxazeTisa daaWaris avtonomiuri respublikebisumaRlesi sasamarTloebissisxlis samarTlissaqmeTa sasamarTlo kolegiebisgansjad saqmeebs ganekuTvneba.warmodgenili kanonproeqtisSesabamisad advokatis mierCadenili danaSauli saqarTvelosuzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlissamarTlis saqmeTa sasamarTlokolegiis, rogorc pirveliinstanciis sasamarTlos gansjadia.amisaTvis saqarTvelossisxlis samarTlis saprocesokodeqsis 48-e muxlis me-3nawilidan amoRebulia sityva`advokatis~, romelic ematebaamave muxlis me-4 nawils.kanonproeqti ar iwvevs saqarTvelossaxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiTi saxsrebisgamoyofas.kanonproeqtis avtoria saqar-Tvelos parlamentis iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisa daadministraciuli reformebiskomiteti.kanonproeqti saqarTvelosparlaments waredgineba iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciuli reformebiskomitetis sakanonmdeblo iniciativiswesiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i17


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ixilisa da bostneulis wvenebzesabaJo gadasaxadi, romelicudris 30%, ar exeba xilisada wvenebis koncentratebs, radkanonproeqti`sabaJo tarifisa da gadasaxadisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Sesaxeb~gan ewinaaRmdegeba mizans, xel-Sewyoba Wirdeba adgilobrivwarmoebas, xolo wvenebis SemotanazesabaJo gadasaxadebisgazrda gaTvaliswinebuli iyomsoflio savaWro organizaciiswevr qveynebTan gaformebulxelSekrulebebSi.kanonproeqti ` sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Sesaxeb~`sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb~`saqarTvelos kanonis me-2 muxlisTanaxmad, sxva dawesebulebebTanerTad, saqarTvelosprokuraturaSi saqmianoba iTvlebasajaro samsaxurad. prokuraturismuSakebis SromisanazRaurebis sakiTxebi regulirdeba`saqarTvelos prokuraturismuSakTa socialuridacvis garantiebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanoniT, xoloamave sistemis StatgareSe dadamxmare mosamsaxureTa Tanamdebobrivisargos ganakveTebisada TanamdebobaTa dasaxelebisdadgenis wesi ar regulirdebaarc am kanoniTa da arc`sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanoniT. aRniSnuliunda CaiTvalos kanonis xarvezad,rac seriozul sirTuleebsqmnis miTiTebuli kategoriismosamsaxureTa SromisanazRaurebis sakiTxebTan dakav-SirebiT. migvaCnia, rom prokuraturissistemis moxeleTa,StatgareSe da damxmare mosamsaxureTaTanamdebobrivi sargosganakveTebi da TanamdebobaTadasaxelebebi unda ganisazRvrossaqarTvelos generaluri prokurorismier. aRniSnuliskanonmdeblobaSi asaxva Tavismxriv iwvevs `sajaro samsaxurisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisme-9 muxlSi 71-e punqtis damatebas.kanonproeqti `sajaro samsaxurisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebis Setanis Sesaxeb~ar iwvevs saqarTvelos saxelmwifobiujetidan damatebiTisaxsrebis gamoyofas.kanonproeqtis avtoria saqar-Tvelos parlamentis iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisa da administraciulireformebis komiteti.kanonproeqti saqarTvelosparlaments waredgineba iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciuli reformebiskomitetis sakanonmdeblo iniciativiswesiT.kanonproeqti `samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Taobazeparlamentis mier 1998 wlis15 oqtombers miRebuli iqnakanoni `samoqalaqo aqtebisregistraciis Sesaxeb~, romelmacaraerTgvarovani reaqcia gamoiwviasazogadoebis sxvadasxvafenaSi. radgan aRniSnuli kanoniexeba iseT seriozul sakiTxsrogoricaa eTnikuri da moqalaqeobrivikuTvnilebis aRniSvnasamoqalaqo aqtebis registraciisformebsa da piradobis damadasturebelsabuTebSi. samTavroboda arasamTavrobo struqturebSigamarTuli debatebis,agreTve sazRvargareTis qveynebisgamocdilebis gaziarebiT Semu-Savebuli iqna aRniSnuli kanonproeqti,romelic eyrdnobamiRweul sazogadoebriv-politikurkonsensuss. kanonproeqtisTanaxmad yvela moqalaqesCanaweri samoqalaqo registraciismowmobebSi eqneba erTgvarovani.magram Tavad samoqalaqoaqtebis registraciis organoebSiarsebul dabadebis aqtSi Sedisaxali grafa, romelic iTvaliswinebsbavSvis eTnikuri warmomavlobisregistracias, romel-Sic Canaweris Setana moxdebamSoblebis urTierTSeTanxmebiT.SeuTanxmeblobis SemTxvevaSi,bavSvs Caewereba eTnikuri warmomavloba_ qarTveli. sworedam cvlilebis Setanas iTvaliswinebswarmodgenili kanonproeqti.kanonproeqtis avtori dainiciatoria saqarTvelos parlamentissamoqalaqo integraciiskomiteti.kanonproeqtis miReba argamoiwvevs damatebiT xarjebssaxelmwifo biujetidan.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i18


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iaRniSnul kanonSi damatebisSetana gamowveulia `ukanonoSemosavlis legalizaciis aRkveTisxelSewyobis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis proeqtisSesabamisad. kanonproeqtis mekanonproeqti`normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Taobaze10 muxlis Tanaxmad finansurimonitoringis samsaxurs uflebaeniWeba Tavisi kompetenciisfarglebSi gamosces normatiuliaqtebi, romlebic Seexebainformaciis mowodebis, damu-Savebisa da gadacemis pirobebsada wesebs, rac iwvevs Sesabamiscvlilebebs normatiuli aqtebisSesaxeb kanonSi.kanonproeqti `savaldebuloxanZarsawinaaRmdego dazRvevis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebebis Setanis TaobazedResdReobiT mravali sawarmosada organizaciis kuTvnilSenoba-nagebobaSi kompaqturadganTavsebulni arian devnilebi,ris gamoc realurad Senobanagebobebismflobelebi am aqtivebsver iyeneben. amitomam obieqtebze `savaldebuloxanZarsawinaaRmdego dazRvevisSesaxeb~ kanonis gavrcelebamaTi mflobelebisaTvis damatebiTsagadamxdelo wnexs warmoadgens.aRsaniSnavia, rom mosaxleobasacxovrebel farTze ganTavisuflebuliaaseTi tipis gadasaxadisagan,aqedan gamomdinare,mizanSewonilia devnilTa problemebisgadawyvetamde, maT mier,dakavebuli sawarmoebisa daorganizaciebis farTi ar daeqvemdebarossavaldebulo xanZarsawinaaRmdegodazRvevas.warmodgenili kanonproeqtiar iwvevs biujetSi cvlilebebs.am kanonproeqtis avtoriaparlamentis wevri mixeilmaWavariani.saqarTvelos parlamentis mier2002 wlis 6 noembers saqar-Tvelos sagadasaxado kodeqsis158-e muxlis pirvel nawilsdaemata `k~ qvepunqti, romeliciTvaliswinebs sasoflo-sameurneodaniSnulebis miwebis gan-Tavisuflebas Sesabamisi gadasaxadisagan,Tu masze moweulimosavlis naxevarze meti ganadgurdastiqiis (qariSxali,setyva, gvalva, wyaldidoba) dasxva forsmaJoruli garemoebebisSedegad.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi~ damatebis Setanis Sesaxebkanonis miRebis dros ariqna gaTvaliswinebuli is garemoeba,rom 2002 wlis 6noembramde ganmeorebiTi aqtebispraqtika mosavlis aRebis winar arsebobda da zaralifiqsirdeboda mxolod erTjeradiraionuli komisiisaqtiT stiqiis moxdenis SemdgomperiodSi. aRniSnulma Seuqmnabarierebi stiqiis Sedegaddazaralebul mosaxleobas miwaTsargeblobisgadasaxadisagangaTavisuflebis saqmeSi, xSiriasubieqturi midgomis faqtebic,amitomac agrarul sakiTxTakomitets da, kerZod, iniciatorslagodexis raionis maJoritardeputats daviT kapanaZesmiaCniaT sagadasaxado kodeqsisgardamaval debulebebSi aRni-Snuli saxis cvlilebis Setanagaamartivebs stiqiiT dazaralebulimosaxleobisaTvis sasoflo-sameurneodaniSnulebis miwisgadasaxadisagan ganTavisuflebisproceduras, rasacmouTmenlad elis Cveni soflismosaxleoba.kanonproeqti `patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebis Setanis Taobaze`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis 43-e muxlisTanaxmad, `msjavrdebuls, romelicreJimis an sxva garemoebaTagamo ar SeiZlebaregularulad gamoyvanil iqnesgasaseirneblad unda mieceshaerze yofnis neba, dReSi,aranakleb, erTi saaTisa~.aRniSnuli sakanonmdeblo normagamomdinareobs patimrobissaerTaSoriso standartebidanda emsaxureba patimris saerTofizikuri mdgomareobis xel-Sewyobas. miuxedavad amisa,`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoni aRniSnuli SeRavaTisgavrcelebas iTvaliswinebsp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i19


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T imxolod msjavrdebulebze, racSedarebiT araTanabar pirobebSiayenebs braldebul pirebs..kanonSi arsebuli aRniSnulixarvezis gamo adamianis uflebaTadacvis saerTaSorisoorganizaciebisa da evropissabWos adamianis uflebaTadacvis komitetis mier araer-Txel gamoTqmula SeniSvnebida rekomendaciebi.warmodgenili kanonproeqtipatimrebTan mopyrobis minimaluristandartuli wesebissrulyofisa da patimrobispirobebis humanizaciis mizniTiTvaliswinebs `patimrobis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis43-e muxliT msjavrdebulTaTvisgaTvaliswinebuli SeRavaTisgavrcelebas braldebul pirebzec,raTa haerze yofnisufleba mieceT im SemTxvevaSi,rodesac maTi gasaseirnebladregularuli gamoyvana reJimisan sxva garemoebaTa gamo arSeiZleba.aRsaniSnavia, rom warmodgenilisakanonmdeblo cvlilebaar iqneba sasjelaRsrulebisdawesebulebebSi operatiul sareJimoviTarebis garTulebisada usafrTxoebis pirobebisgauaresebis winapiroba da arSeuSlis xels sapyrobileSiganTavsebul patimarTa mimarTsagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa ganxorcielebas.kanonproeqtis miReba saxelmwifobiujetidan damatebiTxarjebis gamoyofas ar gamoiwvevs.kanonproeqti `maRalmTiani regionebissocialur-ekonomikuri da kulturuliganviTarebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~mTiani regionebisa da gansaxlebiskomitetSi SemovidnenTxovniT saCxeris, duSeTis,qobuleTis, xelvaCauris, sagarejos,gardabnis, vanis, Coxatauris,tyibulis, borjomisada axalcixis raionebis maJoritarideputatebi, rom amraionebis rigi soflebi akmayofileben`maRalmTiani regionebissocialur-ekonomikuri dakulturuli ganviTarebis Sesaxeb~kanonis normebis moTxovnebsda ar arian SetanilnimaRalmTiani soflebis CamonaTvalSi.es garemoeba mosaxleobissamarTlian ukmayofilebas iwvevsda iTxoven, rom aRniSnulsoflebs mieniWoT maRalmTianisoflebis statusi.saqarTvelos mecnierebaTaakademiis mTianeTis problemebiskompleqsuri Seswavlis komisiis,saqarTvelos miwis marTvissaxelmwifo departamentis, saqarTvelosgeodeziisa da kartografiissaxelmwifo departramentisda rigi arasamTavroboorganizaciebisagan miRebuliiqna informaciebi amsoflebis hifsometruli maCveneblebis,saxnav-saTesi farTobebisraodenobis, klimaturipirobebis, raionuli centridandaSorebis, gzebisa da saerTosocialur-ekonomikuri mdgomareobisSesaxeb. miRebulimonacemebi ganxiluli iqnakomitetTan arsebul eqspertTasabWosa da komitetis sxdomaze.dadginda, rom werilebSimiTiTebul rig soflebs Sei-Zleba mieniWos maRalmTianisoflebis statusi.zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare,ganxiluli problemebis sakanonmdeblodoneze mosagvarebladmTiani regionebisa dagansaxlebis komitetSi momzaddakanonproeqti `maRalmTiani regionebissocialur-ekonomikurida kulturuli ganviTarebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~.kanonproeqti saqarTvelos organul kanonSi`saqarTvelos saarCevno kodeqsi~ cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~saqarTveloSi arsebul ukiduresadmZime politikur, ekonomikurda socialur fonzemoaxloebuli saparlamento ar-Cevnebi demokratiuli da samarTlebrivisaxelmwifos CamosayalibebladuaRresad did,SeiZleba iTqvas, gadamwyvetmniSvnelobas iZens.qarTuli politikuri speqtri2003 wlis saparlamento ar-Cevnebs ganixilavs ara mxolodsakanonmdeblo xelisuflebaSimandatebis mopovebis saSualebad,aramed rogorc pirvel damniSvnelovan etaps momavalisaprezidento arCevnebis samzadisSi.cxadia, im politikurZalas, romelic saparlamentoarCevnebSi mniSvnelovan warmatebasmiaRwevs, uCndeba realuriSansi saprezidentoarCevnebSi gamarjvebisa. aqedangamomdinare, saqme exeba xelisuflebisorive Stos, _ rogorcsakanonmdeblos, aseve aRmasrulebels,_ rac Tavis mxrivp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i20


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iukavSirdeba, rogorc saSinao,ise sagareo politikuri orientirebisSesaZlo cvlilebebs.amdenad, 2003 wlis saparlamentoarCevnebi, SeiZlebaiTqvas, cdeba saqarTvelos farglebsda garkveulwilad sxvaqveynebisa da saxelmwifoebisinteresTa sferoSi eqceva.cxadia, rom `sxvaTa interesi~mxolod mayureblis an meTvalyurisfunqciiT ar iqnebaSemofargluli da, axlo warsulisada dRevandeli realobidangamomdinare, isini yvelanairiberketebiTa da saSualebebiTecdebian qmediTi zegavlenamoaxdinon, rogorc mimdinaresaarCevno kampaniaze. asevearCevnebis Sedegebze, rac kidevufro gaamZafrebs arCevnebisperiodSi politikur ZalTaSoris bunebrivad arsebulwinaaRmdegobas, ramac, SesaZloa,qveyanaSi samoqalaqo dapirispirebada destabilizacia gamoiwvios.yovelive zemoT Tqmulidangamomdinare, xelisuflebamac darogorc parlamentSi arsebulma,iseve arasaparlamento opoziciamacyvelaferi unda iRonos,raTa miRweul iqnas imgvariSeTanxmeba, romelic gamoricxavsyovelgvar siyalbes da eWvisgareSe daayenebs arCevnebisSedegebis samarTlianobas. isicunda iTqvas, rom arCevnebissamarTlianoba pirvel rigSiamomrCevelma, saqarTvelos moqalaqemunda irwmunos da araucxoelma damkvirveblebma.saqarTvelos uaxlesi istoriismanZilze pirvelad gaCndaimis SesaZlebloba, rom arCevnebSimonawileoba miiRos politikurZalTa absoluturmaumravlesobam, Tu, ra Tqmaunda, maT eqnebaT garantia,rom arCevnebi samarTliani dademokratiuli iqneba.samwuxarod, arsebuli saarCevnokodeqsi amgvar garantadver gamodgeba. ufro piriqiT,is saSualebas aZlevs mmarTvelZalas ara marto akontrolossaarCevno procesi, aramederTpirovnulad miiRos misTvissasurveli gadawyvetileba. amisSesaniSnavi dasturia 1999 wlissaparlamento arCevnebi.bunebrivia, mxolod saarCevnokodeqsi, rogori srulyofilicar unda iyos, ver uzrunvelyofsdemokratiuli dasamarTliani arCevnebis Catarebas,magram misi srulyofa dadaxvewa mniSvnelovan winaRobasSeuqmnis arCevnebis gayalbebismsurvelT.swored am mimarTulebiTimuSava Tanxmobis darbazismier Seqmnilma komisiam damivida im daskvnamde, rom arsebulsaarCevno kanonSi SesatanimniSvnelovani da kardinaluricvlilebebi; kerZod, aucilebeliagadaisinjos:1. saarCevno kampaniis dawyebisvadebi da Sesabamisad mTelisaarCevno procedura.2. amomrCevelTa registraciiswesi3. saarCevno administraciisdakompleqtebis wesi4. saarCevno obieqtebismxardamWerTa siebi5. arCevnebis dafinanseba6. davebis ganxilva7. saarCevno subieqtebis registracia8. kenWisyra9. arCevnebis Sejamebada bolos10. saarCevno sistemavfiqrobT, rom saarCevnoprocedura unda daiwyos centralurisarCevno komisiisdakompleqtebiT arCevnebis Catarebamde90 dRiT adre, nacvlad60 dRisa. Sesabamisad gaizrdebaam vadasTan mibmuli sxva vadebic.saarCevno proceduris gadideba30 dRiT saSualebasmiscems komisias da arCevnebSimonawile subieqtebs normalurreJimiT warmarTon TavianTisaarCevno kampania.Tavi II. amomrCevelTa registraciaamomrCevelTa registracia damasTan dakavSirebuli procedurebiaris erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesiberketi samarTlianiarCevnebis Casatareblad. amitommniSvnelovani momentia `amomrCevelTaZiriTadi siebis~ Sedgena.migvaCnia, rom `amomrCevelTasiebs Sesabamisi administraciulida TviTmmarTvelobisada mmarTvelobis organoebidanmoipovebs saolqosaarCevno komisia da gadascemssaubno saarCevno komisiebskenWisyramde ara ugvianes 65dRisa~. saubno saarCevno komisiasiebis miRebisTanave, kenWisyramdeara ugvianes 60 dRisa kenWisyrisSenobaSi TvalsaCino adgilasgamoakravs amomrCevelTa siebsda iwyebs mis dazustebas.saarCevno siebis gadamowmebisada dazustebis ufleba aqvsyvela subieqts, vinc arCevnebSiRebulobs monawileobas, agreTvenebismier dainteresebul kerZopirs.pasuxismgebloba amomrCevelTasiebis saboloo sisworezeekisreba saubno saarCevnokomisias.nebismieri dava amomrCevelTaZiriTad siebTan dakavSirebiTganixileba sasamarTloSi.amomrCevelTa saboloo siebiqveyndeba kenWisyramde araugvianes30 dRisa. saboloo sia damowmebuliunda iyos saubnosaarCevno komisiis mier damas xels unda awerdes saubnosaarCevno komisiis wevrTaumravlesoba.Tavi III. saarCevno olqebida saarCevno ubnebisaarCevno olqebisa da ubnebisSeqmnis vadebi izrdeba 30dRiT da Sesabamisad vRebulobT`kenWisyramde ara ugvianes 88da 80 dRisa~.Tavi IV. saarCevno administraciasaarCevno administracia, ker-Zod ki saarCevno komisiebisdakompleqteba da maTi uflebamosilebaaris erT-erTi imsakiTxTagani, romelic gamudmebiTiwvevda politikuripartiebisa da organizaciebisvnebaTaRelvas. gamarjvebulipolitikuri Zala yovelTviscdilobda imdagvarad Seecvaladakompleqtebis wesi, rom yveladonis komisiaSi moepovebinaumravlesoba da 1999 wlissaparlamento da 2000 wlissaprezidento arCevnebSi miaRwiakidec mizans. miRebuli SedegiTdRes ukmayofiloa yvela, radgansaarCevno komisiebi yvela donezeda mTlianad saarCevnoadministracia iqca ara arCevnebisCatarebis, aramed ar-Cevnebis gayalbebis meqanizmad.Seqmnil viTarebidan erTaderTgamosavlad migvaCniaparitetuli wesiT komisiebisdakompleqteba arCevnebSi mo-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i21


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T inawile subieqtebis warmomadgenlebiT.imisaTvis, rom komisiaar iyos mravalricxovani daSeZlos normalurad warmarTosTavisi saqmianoba, vfiqrobT,rom centralur saarCevnokomisiaSi da, Sesabamisad, sxvakomisiebSi, wevris daniSvnisufleba mivceT.a) im politikur partias(saarCevno) bloks an missamarTalmemkvidres, romelicregistrirebulia iusticiissaministros mier da romelmac1995 wlis saparlamento, 1998wlis adgilobriv, 1999 wlissaparlamento da 2002 wlisadgilobrivi arCevnebis oficialuriSedegebis mixedviTdaikava 1-15 adgili erT-erTSimainc.b) im politikur partiebs,romlebic politikuri mosazrebebisgamo 1992-99 wlebSiboikots ucxadebdnen arCevnebs(`mrgvali magida~) an iyvnendevnili da parlamentis 2000wlis 20 aprilis dadgenilebiTsaSualeba miecaT SeeqmnaTpolitikuri organizacia damimdinare wlis 1 ianvramdegaiares registracia iusticiissaministroSi.aucileblad unda iqnes gaTvaliswinebulikidev erTifaqtori: 1991-92 wlebis movlenebisSemdeg politikurpartiaTa garkveulma nawilmaboikoti gamoucxada arCevnebsda, faqtiurad, politikuriprocesebis miRma aRmoCnda. dResmaTi damokidebuleba arCevnebisadmigarkveulwilad Seicvala,amitom migvaCnia, rom`mrgval magidas~, agreTve impolitikur Zalebs, romlebicpolitikuri motivebiT boikotsucxadebdnen arCevnebs an iyvnendevnili da 2000 wlis 20aprilis parlamentis dadgenilebiTmiecaT saSualeba politikuriorganizaciis Seqmnisada iusticiis saministroSigatarebuli arian registraciaSimimdinare wlis 1 ianvramde,unda mieceT ufleba, romcentralur da Sesabamisadsaolqo da saubno, komisiebSidaniSnon TiTo-TiTo warmomadgeneli.centraluri saarCevno komisiaTavis Semadgenlobidan irCevsTavmjdomares, moadgiles damdivans.mniSvnelovani momentia arCevnebisSedegebi7 centralurisaarCevno komisia saolqosaarCevno komisiidan miRebuliinformaciis safuZvelze axdensarCevnebis Sedegebis dajamebas,adgens oqms da miRebuldokumentaciasTan erTad gadascemsuzenaes sasamarTlos. uzenaesisasamarTlos didi palataganixilavs miRebul dokumentaciasda amtkicebs arCevnebisSedegebs.Tavi V. subieqtebis registraciada mxardamWerTa siebi1. arCevnebSi monawileobisufleba aqvT im politikurorganizaciebs, romlebic registrirebuliarian iusticiissaministros mier.2. saarCevno subieqtebi registraciaSigasatareblad gancxadebiTmimarTaven SesabamissaarCevno komisias.vfiqrobT, rom mxardamWerTasiebis Segroveba aris zedmetibiurokratiuli meqanizmi, radganrealurad arc siebisSedgena xdeba da arc misigadamowmeba. es norma arsebulkodeqsSi nominaluria da arcraime dadebiTi efeqtis motanaSeuZlia, amitom umjobesia, romis saerTod amoviRoT kodeqsidan.Tavi VI. arCevnebis dafinansebaarCevnebi dafinansdeba saxelmwifobiujetidan. centralurmasaarCevno komisiam kenWisyramdeara ugvianes 85 dRisa, saqarTvelosfinansTa saministrosunda warudginos arCevnebismomzadebisa da Catarebis dafinansebisgegma.finansTa saministrom kenWisyramdearaugvianes 80 dRisa,arCevnebisaTvis gamoyofilisaxsrebi unda Caricxos centralurisaarCevno komisiisangariSze.im SemTxvevaSi, Tu saWirofinansebi droulad ar iqnaCaricxuli centraluri saar-Cevno komisiis angariSze, pasuxismgeblobaekisreba piradadfinansTa ministrs. vfiqrobT,rom ministri aseT SemTxvevaSiunda tovebdes dakavebul Tanamdebobas.saarCevno subieqti saarCevnokampaniis dafinansebisaTvis xsnissaarCevno fonds. saarCevnosubieqtis mier warmoebulisareklamo saqmianobis dafinansebaunda moxdes mxolod saarCevnofondidan. saarCevno subieqtivaldebulia arCevnebis Catarebidan6 Tvis vadaSi Seinaxosfondis angariSi da moTxovnisSemTxvevaSi waredginos yveladainteresebul pirs.Tavi VII. kenWisyraerT-erTi umniSvnelovanesiprocesi, romelic gamudmebiTdavebs iwvevs da arCevnebissamarTlianobas eWqveS ayenebs,aris kenWisyris procedura.am procesSi arCevnebis gayalbebisyvelaze gavrcelebulimeTodia e.w. `karuseli~, rodesacerTi da igive amomr-Ceveli xmas aZlevs ramdenimeubanSi `karusels~, rom TavidavaRwioT, aucilebelia amomr-Cevelma gaiaros markirebis procedura.sxva gamosavali Seqmnilisituaciidan ubralod ararsebobs.Tavi IX. davis ganxilvasaarCevno komisiis yvelagadawyvetileba arCevnebis CatarebamdeSeiZleba gasaCivrdessasamarTloSi. sasamarTlo valdebuliamiiRos nebismierisarCeli, romelic ukavSirdebaarCevnebis Catarebis procedurasda sami dRis vadaSi gamoitanosgadawyvetileba.arCevnebis Catarebis Semdeg,rodesac raionuli sasamarTlodaamtkicebs saubno saarCevnokomisiis mier SejamebuliarCevnebis Sedegebs, raionulisasamarTlos mier miRebuligadawyvetileba gasaCivrdessaolqo sasamarTloSi.Tavi XIII. saqarTvelos parlamentisarCevnebSi monawilesaarCevno subieqtebis registraciapartiebma arCevnebSi monawileobismisaRebad saTanadogancxadebiT unda mimarToncentralur saarCevno komisias.partiis registraciisaTvisaucilebeli ar aris mxardam-WerTa siis wardgena, sakmarisiaiusticiis saministros miergacemuli registraciis mowmoba.partiuli siis wardgenisasSesabamisi komisia erTi kvirisvadaSi amowmebs miRebulisabuTebis Sesabamisobas kanonTanp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i22


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T imimarTebaSi; Tu aRmoCndeba,rom warmodgenil sabuTebSidaSvebulia Secdoma, ukanubrunebs saarCevno subieqtssabuTebs da konkretuladmiuTiTebs Secdomebze. saarCevnosubieqti valdebulia 3 dRisvadaSi gaasworos Secdomebida kvlav warudginos saarCevnokomisias. partiis an blokismier maJoritarul olqSi wardgenilikandidati ar saWiroebsmxardamWerTa siis wardgenas.misi registraciisTvis sakmarisiapartiis wardgineba.sainiciativo jgufis mierwardgenili kandidati arsaWiroebs mxardamWerTa siebs_ sakmarisia 5 kaciani sainiciativojgufis gancxadeba.orive SemTxvevaSi aucilebeliakandidatis Tanxmoba.Tavi XIV. saqarTvelos parlamentisarCevnebis SedegebisSejamebasaubno saarCevno komisiaajamebs arCevnebis Sedegebs, adgensoqms da arCevnebis CatarebasTandakavSirebul mTel dokumentaciasgadascems raionulsaamarTlos, raionuli sasamar-Tlo 10 dRis vadaSi ixilavssaubno saarCevno komisiebismier miRebul dokumentacias,arCevnebTan dakavSirebul saCivrebs,amtkicebs Sedegebs daproporciuli arCevnebis Sedegebsgadascems centralur saar-Cevno komisias, xolo maJoritaruliarCevnebis Sedegebssaolqo saarCevno komisias.raionuli sasamarTlos miermiRebuli gadawyvetileba SeiZlebagasaCivrdes saolqo sasamarTloSi.saolqo saarCevno komisiadauyovnebliv aqveynebs raionulisasamarTlos mier damtkicebulmaJoritarul deputatTa miRebulSedegebs.maJoritar kandidatTa miermiRebuli Sedegebi gamoqveynebidanori dRis vadaSi SeiZlebagasaCivrdes saolqo sasamarTloSi.saolqo sasamarTlo gasaCivrebidan5 dRis vadaSi iRebsgadawyvetilebas, romelic sabolooa.saqarTvelos parlamentis ar-Cevnebis Sedegebs, raionulisasamarTloebis mier damtkicebulimonacemebis safuZvelzeajamebs centraluri saarCevnokomisia da dasamtkicebladgadascems uzenaesi sasamarTlosdid palatas.uzenaesi sasamarTlos didipalata dokumentaciis miRebidan5 dRis vadaSi amtkicebssaqarTvelos parlamentis arCevnebissaboloo Sedegebs dagamosaqveyneblad gadascemssaqarTvelos centralur saar-Cevno komisias.centraluri saarCevno komisiadauyovnebliv, magram ara ugvianesarCevnebis Catarebidan 30dRisa, aqveynebs uzenaesi sasamarTlosdidi palatis mierdamtkicebul saqarTvelos parlamentisarCevnebis sabolooSedegebs.saarCevno sistemasaqarTvelos parlamenti 150proporciuli da 85 maJoritarulisistemiT arCeulideputatisagan TiTqos yvelanivTanxmdebiT, rom deputatTaraodenoba Sesamcirebelia, magramam etapze sanam ar garkveula,rogori iqneba administraciulteritoriulimowyoba, rogoriiqneba Tavad parlamenti _erT palatiani Tu or palatiani,aseT daZabul viTarebaSi,rogorc Cven vimyofebiT,deputatTa raodenobis Semcirebazesaubari da, miT umetespolemika, fuWi Zal-Ronis xarjvaiqneba da sxva araferi. amitommigvaCnia, rom deputatTa raodenoba,rogorc proporciuli,aseve maJoritaruli, undadarCes igive, rac aris.sxva sakiTxia saarCevno sistema,saarCevno sistemasTandakavSirebuli erTi gamokveTilipozicia ar arsebobs. yvelanivTanxmdebiT, rom arsebulisaarCevno sistema ar varga,Tumca erT nawils miaCnia,rom am sistemis ZiriTadinakli aris 7%-iani barierida Tu es barieri daiwevs4%-mde, yvelaferi misaRebia.meore nawili ki fiqrobs,rom saarCevno sistema mTlianadSesacvlelia. CvenSi rogorRactradiciad iqca arCevnebis winsaarCevno sistemisa da kodeqsiscvlileba. es samwuxaro realobadRemde grZeldeba, magramsimarTle unda iTqvas: arsebulisaarCevno sistema Tavisi7%-iani barieriT Cveni dRevandelirealobisaTvis namdviladmiuRebelia _ jer erTi, arCevnebissamarTlianad CatarebispirobebSic ki, arCeuli parlamentiar Seesabameba amomr-Cevlis interesebs. 1995 welsamave sistemiT CatarebulmaarCevnebma 5%-iani barierispirobebSi mogvca parlamenti,romelsac realuri mxardaWeraamomrCevelTa 40%-mde hqonda(maSin 5% barieri daZliasamma politikurma organizaciam,maT mier miRebuli procentebisjami 40%-s ar aRemateboda).mandatebis 60% bariergadalaxulmapartiebma gainawiles,igive sistemiT CatarebulmaarCevnebma 1999 wels amomr-CevelTa TiTqmis 25% datovaarCevnebis gareSe. Cveni qveynissaarCevno sistema pirdapir ubi-Zgebs saarCevno kampaniis periodSiarCevnebSi monawile subieqtebsurTierTdapirispirebisaken;dRevandel viTarebaSiZneli warmosadgenia, vin rogorgamoiyenebs am dapirispirebas.Cveni azriT, arsebobs saar-Cevno sistema, romelic aprobirebuliaqarTul sinamdvileSi.am sistemiT Catarda1992 wlis saparlamanto arCevnebida man SeZlo parlamentSipolitikur ZalTa iseTi speqtrisSeqmna, romelmac saSualebamisca qveyanas SeiaraRebulisamoqalaqo dapirispirebidanstabilizaciamde mosuliyo. amsistemas `dawyvetili~ siebissistemasac uwodeben. radganmis mixedviT saqarTvelo 10saarCevno olqad iyo dayofilida mandatebis raodenoba olqSiamomrCevelTa raodenobis mixedviTproporciulad iyo ganwyobili,TiToeuli politikuriorganizacia yovel olqSical-calke warmoadgenda siasmandatebis raodenobis mixedviT,garda amisa, centralur saar-Cevno komisiaSi iyo erTianie. w. sakompensacio sia. partiismier miRebuli xmebi, rogorcolqSi ar aRmoCndeboda sakmarisimandatis mosapoveblad,centralur saarCevno komisiaSiiyrida Tavs, jamdeboda daTu is sakmarisi aRmoCndebodaTundac erTi mandatis misa-Rebad, saarCevno subieqti ammandats moipovebda anu qveynisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i23


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T imasStabiT amomrCevlis nebasrulad iyo gamoxatuli. ariskidev erTi faqtori _ amsistemiT amomrCevels uflebaaqvs SearCios misTvis misaRebisami saarCevno subieqti dagaukeTos rangireba. dausvasmas 1, 2 da 3; yovelive esgamoricxavs partiaTa Sorisxist dapirispirebas.amomrCevlisaTvis kenWisyrisprocedura sirTules ar warmoadgens,radgan biuletenSiyoveli saarCevno subieqtiswin aris carieli ujra; amujraSi amomrCevelma undaCaweros cifrebi SemdegiTanmimdevrobiT; cifri `1~ _im partiis (sarCevno blokis)saxelwodebis gaswvriv, romelsacaZlevs upiratesobas sxvebiswinaSe: cifri `2~ _ impartiis (saarCevno blokis)saxelwodebis gaswvriv, romelsacpirvelis Semdeg aZlevs upiratesobassxvebis winaSe; cifri`3~ _ imis gaswvriv, romelsacpirveli oris Semdeg aZlevsupiratesobas sxvebis winaSe).komisia axarisxebs da TavdapirveladiTvlis yovelipartiisTvis (saarCevno blokisTvis)dawerili `3-ebis raodenobas,Semdeg _ `2~-ebisraodenobas da bolos _ `1~ebisraodenobas. amis Semdegcal-calke konvertebSi undaCaewyos is biuletenebi, romlebSicmocemul partias `1~aniuweria. konvertebs undadaeweros saarCevno ubnisdasaxeleba da nomeri, partiis(saarCevno blokis) saxelwodeba,maTSi Cadebuli biuletenebisraodenoba.saubno saarCevno komisiidanmiRebuli oqmebis safuZvelzecentraluri saarCevno komisiaadgens 1 - mandatis kvotascalkeuli mravalmandatianiolqebis mixedviT da anawilebsmandatebs; aseve iTvlis sakompensacioqulebis raodenobasda Sesabamisi wesiT anawilebssakompensacio siis mandatebs.analogiuri wesis gamoyeneba,romelsac amomrCeveli aseverangirebiT 1,2,3 _ irCevsmaJoritar kandidats CvenidRevandeli realobisTvis gacilebiTmisaRebia. es sistemamaJoritaruli wesiT arCevnebisCatarebis pirobebSi mkveTradamcirebs fulis faqtors daxels uwyobs kandidatebs SorisamomrCevelTa umravlesobisTvisyvelaze misaRebi kandidatisgamarjvebaskanonproeqti `saavtomobilo transportis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti`saavtomobilo transportis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ SemuSavebulia`samewarmeo saqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemissafuZvlebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis moTxovnaTa safuZvelze.aRniSnuli proeqtis pirvelimuxlis pirveli punqtiT kanon-Si damatebis saxiT Setaniliaterminebi da maTi ganmartebani.kanonis me-5 muxlSi Setaniliacvlilebebi, riTac dakonkretebulia`produqciisa damomsaxurebis sertifikaciisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanoniszogadi debulebebi da igimoyvanilia SesabamisobaSi saqarTveloskanonebis `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisa danebarTvis gacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ da `transportisa dakomunikaciebis sferos saxelmwifosmarTvisa da regulirebiswesis Sesaxeb~ normebTan,kerZod:1. `saavtomobilo transportisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisme-5 muxlis Sesabamisad,`saqarTvelos saavtomobilotransportiT mgzavrTa gadayvanis,tvirTis gadazidvis dasxva saxeobasTan dakavSirebulisaqmianoba xorcieldeba specialurierTiani formis sertifikatissafuZvelze~. aRniSnulinorma ewinaaRmdegeba zemoTmoyvanil kanonebis moTxovnebs,radgan kanoniT gaTvaliswinebulSemTxvevaSi fizikuri an iuridiulipiris saqmianoba xorcieldebaam saqmianobis uflebisdamadasturebeli dokumentis _nebarTvis safuZvelze, xolo`produqciisa da momsaxurebissertifikaciis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis me-2 da me-7muxlebidan gamomdinare, sertifikatiadasturebs dadgenilmoTxovnebTan sertificirebuliproduqciis (momsaxurebis) xarisxismaCveneblebis Sesabamisobas.aRniSnulidan gamomdinare,kanonis me-5 muxlis saTauri,agreTve am muxlis pirvelipunqti Camoyalibebulia axaliredaqciiT, romelic adgensmoTxovnebs saavtomobilo transportisdargSi gamoyenebuliproduqciisa da gaweuli momsaxurebismimarT.2. kanonis me-5 muxlis me-2 punqtis nacvlad kanonproeqtSiSetanilia me-2, me-3, me-4 da me-5 punqtebi,romlebSic `produqciisa damomsaxurebis sertifikaciis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis me-10 muxlis moTxovnebis Sesabamisad,gansazRvrulia organo(saqarTvelos transportisa dakomunikaciebis saministro), romelsacekisreba savaldebulosertifikaciis samuSaoTa organizeba,agreTve sertifikaciissistemis Seqmna. amasTanave dakonkretebuliasistemis sertifikaciisorganoebisa da sagamocdolaboratoriebis akreditaciisCamtarebeli organo (akreditaciisorgano), misi statusisada ufleba-movaleobis gansaz-Rvris wesi, rac moqmedi kanonmdeblobiTdRemde ar arisreglamentirebuli, aRniSnuligaremoeba ki sertifikaciissistemis srulyofili funqcionirebiserT-erT xelSemSlelfaqtors warmoadgens.3. imis gaTvaliswinebiT, romzemoaRniSnuli cvlilebebi moicavsam kanonis me-8 muxlispirveli da mesame punqtebisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i24


dawesebulebis xalmZRvanelismier damtkicebuli gegmiurSemowmebaTa grafiki.proeqtiT dgindeba Sidauwyebrivi kontrolis specialurireestris Seqmnis valdebuleba,romelSic SeitanebamiTiTebani TiToeuli ganxorcielebulimokvlevis, Semowmebisda auditis Sesaxeb. kanonproeqtiagreTve Seicavsgeneraluri inspeqciis moTxovnis,wardginebisa da rekomendaciebismareglamentirebel normebs.kanonproeqtis IV Tavi exebageneraluri inspeqciis organizaciulstruqturas, xelmZRvanelobasada maT sajaro mosamsaxureebs,dadgenilia is moTxovga n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T inormas, es ukanasknelni undaiqnes amoRebuli.4. warmodgenili proeqtiTkanons damatebulia 51-57 muxlebi,romlebiTac ganisazRvrebasaavtomobilo transportis dargSisanebarTvo saqmianobis saxeebi,sanebarTvo pirobebi,nebarTvis moqmedebis vada, agreTvemaTi moqmedebis SeCerebisan gauqmebis safuZvlebi.kanonproeqti SemuSavebuliasaqarTvelos transportisa dakomunikaciebis saministros mier.kanonproeqti `generaluriinspeqciebis Sesaxeb~`generaluri inspeqciis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis proeqtimomzadebulia saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 17aprilis #430 gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `antikorufciulRonisZiebaTa gegmis~ Sesabamisad.kanonproeqti miznad isaxavsaRmasrulebeli xelisuflebissamTavrobo dawesebulebebSi Sidauwyebrivi kontrolis ganxorcielebasTandakavSirebuli ur-TierTobebis mowesrigebas, kontrolisganmaxorcielebeli subieqtebisSeqmnisa da saqmianobissafuZvlebis, ganeraluri inspeqciismosamsaxureTa samarTlebrivida socialuri dacvisgarantiebis dadgenas.miuxedavad Sesabamisi erTianisakanonmdeblo aqtis ararsebobisa,dReisaTvis aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis sistemiszogierT samTavrobo dawesebulebaSiukve damkvidrebuliageneraluri inspeqciis instituti,romelTa statusi Sesabamisidawesebulebis debulebiTaagansazRvruli. erTiani sakanonmdeblosafuZvlebis gareSemoqmed generalur inspeqciebsmaTTvis dakisrebuli funqciebisganxorcielebis procesSi mniSvnelovaninaklovanebebi da dabrkolebebiSeiZleba warmoeSvas.warmodgenili kanonproeqti amxarvezis Sevsebas emsaxurebada miznad isaxavs Sida uwyebrivikontrolis mwyobri sistemisCamoyalibebas.samTavrobo dawesebulebaTaSida kontrolis sistemissrulyofas, saTanado institucionalurda sakadro gaZlierebasgadamwyveti mniSvnelobaeniWeba maTi gamarTuli daefeqturi saqmianobisaTvis, korufciismasStabebis Semcirebisada interesTa konfliqtis profilaqtikisuzrunvelsayofad.Sida kontrolis efeqturida moqnili samsaxurebis Camoyalibebabevrad Seuwyobs xelsam dawesebulebaTa saqmianobas,maTi marTvis optimizacias,aRmoCenil darRvevebze samarTlebrividevnis procesis obieqturda srulyofil ganxorcielebas.kanonproeqtis pirveli TaviTganisazRvreba generaluri inspeqciissamarTlebrivi statusi,inspeqciis saqmianobis samarTlebrivisafuZvlebi, ZiriTadiprincipebi da miznebi. proeqtismixedviT generaluri inspeqciawarmoadgens saqarTvelos samTavrobodawesebulebis struqturulqvedanayofs, romelicasrulebs Sesabamisi dawesebulebissistemaSi Sida uwyebrivikontrolis funqcias.kanonproeqtis II TaviT ganisazRvrebageneraluri inspeqciebisfunqciebi. inspeqciaaxorcielebs samsaxurebriv kontrolsdawesebulebis sistemisorganoebSi adamianis uflebaTada TavisuflebaTa, disciplinisada kanonierebis dacvaze, finansebismiznobrivi gankargvis,materialur faseulobaTa dasxva saSualebaTa dacvis damaTi racionaluri gamoyenebisuzrunvelyofaze. axorcielebssamsaxurebriv mokvlevas dawesebulebissistemis mosamsaxureebismier Cadenil gadacdomebze dasxva. generalur inspeqciasdakisrebuli funqciebis SesrulebismizniT eniWeba mTelirigi uflebebi da movaleobebi,romelTagan SesaZlebeliagamoiyos mosamsaxuris aramarTlzomieriqmedebis SedegadsaxelmwifosaTvis zianis miyenebisan kanonmdeblobiT gaTvaliswinebulisxva safuZvlis arsebobisassaxelmwifos saxeliTsasamarTloSi administraciulian samoqalaqo-samarTlebrivisarCelis aRZvris ufleba.kanonproeqtis III Tavi eTmobageneraluri inspeqciis saqmianobasTandakavSirebul debulebebs.kanoniT dakisrebul ZiriTadfunqciebs generaluri inspeqciaaxorcielebs samsaxurebrivi mokvlevis,Semowmebisa da auditismeSveobiT. kanonproeqtis mixedviTgadawyvetilebas samsaxurebrivimokvlevis, Semowmebisan auditis Catarebis TaobazeiRebs dawesebulebis xelmZ-Rvaneli an generaluri inspeqtori,amasTan gadawyvetilebasamsaxurebrivi mokvlevis, Semowmebisan auditis CatarebisTaobaze formdeba administraciuliaqtis saxiT da undaSeesabamebodes zogadi administraciulikodeqsiT administraciuliaqtisaTvis dadgenilmoTxovnebs. kanonproeqti adgens,rom samsaxurebrivi mokvlevisan Semowmebis safuZveli Sei-Zleba iyos cnobebi dawesebulebissistemis mosamsaxurismier Cadenili samarTaldarRvevisan disciplinuri gadacdomisSesaxeb, maT Soris moqalaqeTazepiri an werilobiTi saCivrebi,sasamarTlos (mosamarTlis) ker-Zo ganCinebebi (dadgenilebebi),sxva saxelmwifo organoebidanmiRebuli Setyobinebebi damasalebi, masobrivi informaciissaSualebebiT gamoqveynebuliinformaciebi, generaluri inspeqciissaqmianobis procesSi gamorkveulifaqtebi, agreTvep a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i25


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T inebi, rac waeyeneba generaluriinspeqciis sajaro moxeles Tanamdebobazegasamweseblad.generalur inspeqcias xelm-ZRvanelobs generaluri inspeqtori,romelsac TanamdebobazeniSnavs da Tanamdebobidan aTavisuflebsSesabamisi samTavrobodawesebulebis xelmZRvaneli.proeqtiT detalurad reglamentirdebageneraluri inspeqtorisuflebamosileba. ganisazRvrebageneraluri inspeqtoris moadgilisda sxva sajaro mosamsaxureTastatusi.kanonproeqtiT saqarTvelosprezidentis uSualo gamgeblobissferoSi gaTvaliswinebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis generaluriinspeqtoris samsaxurisformireba, romelic uzrunvelyofssaqarTvelos saxelmwifokancelariis sistemis organoebis,saqarTvelos prezidentisgamgeblobis sferoSi arsebulisaxelmwifo saqveuwyebo dawesebulebebismimarT Sida uwyebrivikontrolis ganxorcielebas.kanonproeqtis VI TaviT ganisazRvrebageneraluri inspeqciisdamoukideblobisa da inspeqciismosamsaxureTa socialuri dacvisgarantiebi.VII Tavi exeba generaluriinspeqciis saqmianobaze sazogadoebrivmonitoringsa da misangariSvaldebulebas. gansazRvruliasamTavrobo dawesebulebisxelmZRvanelis brZanebiT,dadgenili wesiT da uflebamosilebisfarglebSi monitoringissabWos Seqmnis wesi, romlismizania inspeqciaze dakisrebulifunqciebs efeqturadganxorcielebaSi xelSewyoba. aRniSnuliTavi aseve aregulirebsgeneraluri inspeqciis miergaweuli saqmianobis SesaxebangariSs, wardgenis wessa dawarsadgeni angariSis formas,gansazRvrulia, rom generaluriinspeqtori angariSs warudgensSesabamisi samTavrobo dawesebulebisxelmZRvanels, es ukanaskneliki saqarTvelos prezidentsada parlaments. generaluriinspeqciis angariSi aseve eqvemdebarebagamoqveynebas.kanonproeqtis VIII Tavi exebageneraluri inspeqciis biujetsada materialur-teqnikuri uzrunvelyofissxva sakiTxebs,gansazRvrulia, rom generaluriinspeqciisaTvis momdevno wlisbiujetSi gaTvaliswinebulisafinanso asignebebi ar SeiZlebaiyos generaluri inspeqciisaTviswina wlisaTvis gamoyofilasignebebze naklebi.kanonproeqtiT ganisazRvrebais samTavrobo dawesebulebebi,romlebSic generaluri inspeqciasavaldebulo wesiT iqmneba.esenia saxelmwifo kancelariada saministroebi. rac Seexebasaxelmwifo departamentebsa dasaxelmwifo inspeqciebs, maTsistemaSi generaluri inspeqciisSeqmnis sakiTxs mizanSewonilobiskuTxiT gadawyvets saqarTvelosprezidenti. aRsaniSnavia proeqtisimperatiuli moTxovna,rom generaluri inspeqciisSeqmnam ar unda gamoiwviossamTavrobo dawesebulebissaStato ricxovnobis gazrdada igi dawesebulebis struqturulireorganizaciis farglebSiganxorcieldes.generaluri inspeqciisaTvisgamoyofili sabiujeto saxsrebisodenobis gansazRvra SesabamisisamTavrobo dawesebulebisaTvisgamoyofili sabiujeto asignebaTafarglebSi ganxorcieldeba.amdenad, kanonproeqtis miRebaar iqneba dakavSirebuli damatebiTsabiujeto danaxarjebTan.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos iusticiis saministrosmier.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSi cvlilebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~warmodgenili kanonproeqtimomzadebulia `saqarTvelossamxedro ZalebSi wvevamdelTagawvevis procesis gaumjobesebisgadaudebel RonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos prezidentis 2002wlis 20 dekembris ~1578gankargulebiT gaTvaliswinebulidavalebis safuZvelze. saqarTvelosiusticiis saministroSiSesabamisi saxelmwifo uwyebebismier warmodgenili winadadebebisgaTvaliswinebiT.kanonproeqtis mizania, arsebulipasuxismgeblobis meqanizmebisgamkacrebiT xeli SeuwyossaqarTvelos samxedro ZalebSiwvevamdelTa gawvevis procesSiSeqmnili mdgomareobis gaumjobesebas.kanonproeqtis Sesabamisad,mkacrdeba saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTakodeqsis 1963-e (samuSaoze imsamxedro valdebulTa miReba,romlebic samxedro aRricxvazear arian ayvanilni). 197-e(samxedro aRricxvis wesebisdarRveva), 1971-e (savaldebulosamxedro samsaxurSi gamwvevkomisiaSi gamoucxadeblobasamxedro valdebulebis moxdisaganTavis aridebis mizniT)da 198-e (samxedro bileTisganzrax gafuWeba an misi dakargvadaudevrobiT) muxlebissanqciebi. amasTan, 1963-e muxlisdispoziciis Sesabamisad icvlebaam muxlis saTauric.kanonproeqtis miReba argamoiwvevs safinanso-ekonomikurcvlilebebs.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris da saqarTvelosiusticiis saministros mier.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i26


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `samxedro valdebulebisa dasamxedro samsaxuris Sesaxeb ~saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~kanonis proeqti iTvaliswinebs`samxedro valdebulebisa dasamxedro samsaxuris Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi im aucilebelicvlilebebis Setanas,romlebic gamomdinareoben amavekanonSi 2002 wlis 21 ivnissSetanili cvlilebebidan. ker-Zod, am cvlilebebis safuZvelzemoqalaqeTa samxedro aRricxvazeayvanisa da samxedro savaldebulosamsaxurSi gawvevis organizaciissakiTxebis adgilobrivimmarTvelobis organoTa kompetenciaSigadacema. logikuradmoiTxovs mmarTvelobis adgilobriviorganoebis kompetenciebisada samxedro savaldebulo samsaxurSigawvevis organizaciisdazustebas.warmodgenili proeqtis pirvelimuxlis I punqti iTvaliswinebsmmarTvelobis adgilobriviorganoebis mier moqalaqispirvelad samxedro aRricxvisada saaRricxvo monacemebSi SesulcvlilebebTan dakavSirebulisruli monacemebisSesaxeb SeiaraRebuli Zalebisgeneralur StabTan erTadsaqarTvelos prezidentisadmiangariSis wardgenis valdebulebas.es cvlileba ganpirobebuliaim garemoebiT, rom`adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisada mmarTvelobis Sesaxeb~organuli kanonis Sesabamisadadgilobrivi mmarTvelobis organoebimaTze kanoniT delegirebulikompetenciebis ganxorcielebisasangariSvaldebulniarian saqarTvelos prezidentiswinaSe.proeqtis I muxlis me-2 dame-4 punqtebi iTvaliswinebskanonis me-14 da 24-e muxlebispirvel punqtebSi sityvebis`adgilobrivi mmarTvelobisorganos xelmZRvaneli~ SeicvalossityvebiT: `adgilobrivimmarTvelobis aRmasrulebeliorgano~-Ti. cvlileba gamowveuliaimiT, rom aRniSnulsakiTxze gadawyvetilebas undaRebulobdes kolegialuri organo_ raionis gamgeoba,qalaqis mTavroba da ara erTpirovnuladgamgebeli an meri.proeqtis pirveli muxlisme-3 punqtis `a~ qvepunqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia kanonis me-20 muxlis pirvel punqtSidazvervis saxelmwifo departamentisinteresebis damatebada pirveli punqtis axaliredaqciis Camoyalibeba, racexeba samxedro ZalebSi gawvevisSesaxeb saqarTvelos prezidentisbrZanebulebis SemuSavebis organizacias.kerZod, aRniSnuliproeqtis momzadeba saqarTvelosTavdacvis saministros nacvladevaleba erovnuli uSiSroebissabWos. cvlileba ganpirobebuliaim garemoebiT, romerovnuli uSiSroebis sabWoSiTavs iyris rogorc Tavdacvis,saxelmwifo uSiSroebis daSinagan saqmeTa saministroebis,saxelmwifo sazRvris dacvissaxelmwifo departamentis,saxelmwifo dacvis specialurisamsaxuris da dazvervis saxelmwifodepartamentis moTxovnebi,aseve regionaluri politikisada marTvis samsaxuris mierwardgenili monacemebi samxedrosamsaxurSi gasawvevi resursebisTaobaze. amdenad, gawonasworebuligadawyvetilebis proeqtismomzadeba ufro upriania saxelmwifouSiSroebis sabWosaparatSi, vidre Tavdacvis saministroSi,romelsac ubralodveRar eqneba saWiro informacia,rogorc mTlianad samxedrosamsaxurSi gasawvevaTa TaobazemoTxovnis, aseve arsebuli resursebisSesaxeb.proeqtis pirveli muxlisme-3 punqtis `b~ qvepunqtiiTvaliswinebs kanonis me-20muxlis me-2 punqtis axalredaqcias:`SeiZleba gawveuli iqnassamxedro samsaxurSi da isimsaxurebs kanoniT dadgenilsrul vadas Tu ar Seiqmnasamxedro samsaxuridan ganTavisuflebisan gadavadebis sxvagaremoeba~. es cvlileba ganpirobebuliaimiT, rom visacaqvs gadavadeba da gamoTqvamssurvils samxedro samsaxurSigawvevis Sesaxeb _ samxedronawilSi moxvedrisas ramodenimeTveSi iTxovs SeiaraRebuliZalebidan daTxovnas samxedrobileTis vadaze adre miRebismizniT.warmodgenili proeqtis pirvelimuxlis me-5 punqti ukav-Sirdeba Semkreb-gamanawilebelipunqtisa da samxedro-samedicinosaeqsperto komisiis saqmianobisorganizaciaSi Sesatan cvlilebebs.kerZod, rogorc Semkrebgamanawilebelipunqti. asevesamxedro-samedicino saeqspertokomisia gamodian Tavdacvissaministros uwyebrivi daqvemdebarebidan.Semkreb-gamanawilebelipunqtis organizeba ganisazRvrebaprezidentis brZanebulebis Sesabamisad.rac Seexeba wvevamdelTasamxedro-samedicino saeqspertokomisias, mas awarmoebs centralurgamwvev komisiaSi Seqmnilimudmivmoqmedi samxedro-samedicinosaeqsperto komisia, romlisuflebamosilebani gansaz-Rvrulia `samxedro-samedicinoeqspertizis Sesaxeb debulebiT~,romelic damtkicebulia saqarTvelosprezidentis 1999 wlis4 agvistos #481 brZanebulebiT.proeqtis I muxlis me-6punqti iTvaliswinebs redaqciulixasiaTis cvlilebas. naxsenebi`samxedro komisariatis~magivrad unda iyos `samxedroganyofileba~.warmodgenili proeqtis pirvelimuxlis me-7 punqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia kanonis 30-e muxlis `e~ da `T~ qvepunqtebSicvlilebebis Setana. `z~qvepunqtis gauqmeba da 30-emuxlSi `J~ qvepunqtis damateba.`e~ qvepunqts gaTvaliswinebuliadaematos sityvebi `Tu saSualospecialursaswavlebelSi Caricxvamdear hqondaT saSualoganaTleba~. am cvlilebis Setanaganpirobebulia imiT, romkanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli SeRavaTiunda gavrceldes mxolodim wvevamdelebze, romlebicp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i27


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iCaricxuli arian saswavlebelSiarasruli saSualo ganaTlebiT.kanonis 30-e muxlis pirvelipunqtis `z~ qvepunqtis gauqmebaganpirobebulia imiT, rom 20kviris orsulobis damadasturebelicnobis wardgenadRevandel viTarebaSi Zalzediolia _ rac araerTxeldadasturebula.kanonproeqtis miReba armoiTxovs damatebiT finansurxarjebs.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris da saqarTvelos iusticiissaministros mier.kanonproeqti `advokatTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi, samoqalaqo saproceso da sisxlissaproceso kodeqsebSi cvlilebebisSetanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqtTapaketTan dakavSirebiTmoqmedi `advokatTa Sesaxeb~kanoni, iseve rogorc saprocesokanonmdebloba iTvaliswinebs,rom pirs, romelsac ara aqvsgavlili advokatis testireba2003 wlis 1 ivnisamde ekrZalebasaadvokato saqmianoba. vinaidanamjerad advokaturis reformada advokatTa testireba moqmedikanonis mixedviT ar Catarebula,aucilebelia kanonmdeblobaSiSesabamisi cvlilebis Setana,raTa Tavidan acilebul iqnessamarTlebrivi vakuumi dauzrunvelyofil iqnes saqarTveloskonstituciiT gaTvaliswinebulidacvis ufleba.warmodgenil kanonproeqtTapaketi, kerZod `advokatTa Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebida misgan gamomdinarecvlilebebi samoqalaqo saprocesoda sisxlis saprocesokodeqsebSi miznad isaxavs zemoaRniSnuliproblemis gadaWras.pirvel rigSi, gadaweuliasapoceso vadebi 2006 wlis 1ivnisamde. garda amisa, dadgeniliaadvokaturis reformiswinsvlisaTvis aucilebeliRonisZiebebis ganxorcielebisrealuri vadebi, rac xelsSeuwyobs advokatTa profesiissaerTaSoriso standartebisSesabamisad Camoyalibebas.warmodgenil kanonproeqtTapaketis miReba ar iwvevsdamatebiT xarjebs saxelmwifobiujetidan.kanonproeqtis avtori dainiciatoria fraqcia `moqalaqeTakavSiri~.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos sagzao fondisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Taobaze~saqarTvelos kanonis `saqar-Tvelos sagzao fondis Sesaxeb~me-4 muxlis I nawili iTvaliswinebswarmoebuli produqciis,Sesrulebuli samuSaoebisa dagaweuli momsaxurebis moculobis1%-is odenobiT gadasaxadssaerTo sargeblobis saavtomobilogzebiT sargeblobisaTvis.am sawarmoTa Soris Sediseleqtroenergetikisa da bunebrivigazis sawarmoebi, romelTaproduqciis gadazidvas saerToaraferi aqvT saavtomobilogzebiT sargeblobasTan. aRniSnuliproduqciis transportirebaxorcieldeba erTSemTxvevaSi eleqtrogadamcemixazebis, xolo meore SemTxvevaSimilsadenebis saSualebiT. eleqtroenergetikisada bunebrivigazis sawarmoebs gaaCniaT TavianTiavtomeurneobebi, romelTamier Sesrulebuli samu-Saoebi ar aRemateba mTlianimoculobis 1-5%-s.gamomdinare aRniSnulidan,mizanSewonilad migvaCnia saqar-Tvelos kanonSi `saqarTvelossagzao fondis Sesaxeb~ Setaniliqnas damateba warmodgenilisaxiT, ris Sedegadac aRniSnulisawarmoebis dabegvra moxdebamaT mier warmoebuli produqciis,Sesrulebuli samuSaoebisada gaweuli momsaxurebismoculobis 0,1%-is odenobiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i28


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iwarmodgenili kanonproeqtiTsasamarTloebis Sesaxeb organulikanonis 46-e muxlsemateba me-5 punqti, romeliciTvaliswinebs mosamarTleTa sakvalifikaciogamocdisagan saqar-Tvelos sakonstitucio sasamar-Tlos wevrebisa da yofiliwevrebis ganTavisuflebas.aRniSnuli cvlileba ganpirobebuliaSemdegi garemoebebiT:saqarTvelos konstituciis 83-e muxlis pirveli punqtisSesabamisad, saqarTvelos sakonstituciosasamarTlo sakonstituciokontrolis ganmaxorcielebelisasamarTlo organoa,romelic uzrunvelyofs saqarTveloskonstituciis uzenaekanonproeqti`saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos organul kanonSi damatebisSetanis Taobaze~sobas, konstituciur kanonierebasda adamianis konstituciuriuflebebisa da Tavisuflebebisdacvas.sakonstitucio sasamarTlosaseTi konstituciuri uflebamosilebaTavisTavad gansaz-Rvravs sakonstitucio sasamar-Tlos mosamarTleTa umaRleskvalifikacias, rac dadasturebuliasaqarTvelos kanoniT`specialuri wodebebisa darangebis Sesaxeb~. aseve gasaTvaliswinebeliais garemoeba, rom`saqarTvelos sakonstituciosasamarTlos wevrTa SerCevisassaqarTvelos prezidenti, parlamentida uzenaesi sasamarTloiTvaliswineben kandidatisprofesiul gamocdilebas,romelic unda Seeferebodessakonstitucio sasamarTloswevris maRal statuss. mosamar-Tlis sakvalifikacio gamocdagulisxmobs mosamarTleTa profesiulicodnis Semowmebas.amrigad, aRniSnuli wesis gavrcelebasakonstitucio sasamarTloswevrze aramarTlzomieria.kanonproeqtis avtori dainiciatoria saqarTvelos parlamentisiuridiul sakiTxTa,kanonierebisa da administraciulireformebis komiteti.kanonproeqtis miReba argamoiwvevs damatebiTi sabiujetosaxsrebis gamoyofas.kanonproeqti `adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelierTeulis qonebis Sesaxeb~adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobawarmoadgens saqarTvelos moqalaqeTakonstituciiT aRiarebulda kanonmdeblobiT garantirebuluflebas da SesaZleblobassakuTari pasuxismgeblobiTda damoukideblad TviTmmarTvelerTeulebSi arCeuliorganoebis meSveobiT gadawyvitonadgilobrivi mniSvnelobissakiTxebi. am uflebis ganxorcielebiserT-erT ZiriTadmaterialur safuZvels warmoadgensadgilobivi qoneba. `adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobisa dammarTvelobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosorganuli kanonis 33-e muxlma daadgina sruliadaxali instituti _ adgilobrivisakuTreba. amave muxliTganisazRvra adgilobrivi sakuTrebisobieqtebis Seqmnis safuZvlebic.2001 wlis 2 agvistos`adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisada mmarTvelobis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos organulkanonSi Setanili cvlilebebiTmoxda qonebasTan dakavSirebulisakiTxis garkveuli detalizebac.kerZod, kanonis 33-e muxlsdaemata axali me-4 da me-5punqtebi, romlis mixedviTacmoxda adgilobrivi qonebisobieqtebis kategoriaTa gansaz-Rvra, magram rac Seexeba adgilobriviqonebis flobis, sargeblobisada gankargvis formebsada wess, igi dRemde araris dadgenili. am sakiTxisgadauwyveteloba aferxebs adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobiskanoniT miniWebul uflebamosilebisganxorcielebas _ mar-Tos adgilobrivi qoneba. kanonproeqtismizania daadginosTviTmmarTveli erTeulisaTvissaxelmwifo sakuTrebaSi arsebuliqonebis gadacemis wesebida adgilobrivi qonebis marTvissferoSi adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobiswarmomadgenlobiTida aRmasrulebeli organoebiskonkretuli uflebamosilebebi.kanonproeqtiT adgilobriviqoneba, maTi daniSnulebisa damniSvnelobidan gamomdinaredayofilia or kategoriad:ZiriTad (ganusxvisebel) qonebadda damatebiT qonebad. ZiriTadqonebas miekuTvneba iseTiobieqtebi, romlebic warmoadgensadgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisganxorcielebis arsebiT materialursafuZvels da, Sesabamisad,akrZalulia am saxisobieqtebis raime formiT gasxviseba,maTi funqciebis Secvlada raime valdebulebebiT datvirTva.yvela sxva danarCeniobieqti miekuTvna damatebiTqonebas, romelTa flobis, sargeblobisada gankargvis wesiregulirdeba samoqalaqo kodeqsiT.qonebis kategoriebidan gamomdinare,kanonproeqtiT dawesebuliaam qonebis adgilobriviTviTmmarTveli erTeulisaTvisgadacemis gansxvavebuli wesi.ZiriTadi qoneba kanonis amoqmedebisTanavecxaddeba TviTmmar-Tveli erTeulis sakuTrebad.amasTan im ZiriTadi qonebisgadacema, romelic emsaxurebaramodenime TviTmmarTvel erTeuls,xdeba xelSekrulebissafuZvelze, raTa daculi iqnesp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i29


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iTiToeuli TviTmmarTveli er-Teulis interesi. aseT SemTxvevaSies qoneba gadaecema ansaerTo sakuTrebaSi TviTmmar-Tvel erTeulebs, an maT SorisurTierTSeTanxmebiT gadaecemaerT-erT maTgans.aseve gansxvavebuli midgomaadamatebiT qonebis gadacemasTandakavSirebiT. kanonproeqtiTdamatebiTi qonebis gadacemaxdeba mxolod TviTmmarTvelobisorganos moTxovnis safuZvelze.amasTan, konkursis wesiT saxelmwifoqonebis gasxvisebisasTanabari pirobebis SemTxvevebSi,TviTmmarTvel erTeuls eZlevaam qonebis upiratesi Sesyidvisufleba.kanonproeqtiT gansazRvruliaqonebis marTvis sferoSiadgilobrivi warmomadgenlobiTiorganos _ sakrebulos damisi aRmasrulebeli organos_ gamgeobis (meriis) konkretuliuflebamosilebebi, adgilobrivisakuTrebis uflebis dacvisgarantiebi da adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis (mmarTvelobis)organoebis interesebis sasamarTlowesiT dacvis SesaZleblobebiadgilobriv qonebazesakuTrebis uflebis darRvevisSemTxvevebSi.kanonproeqti ganxiluli daSejerebuli iqna evrosabWoseqspertebis monawileobiT TbilisSigamarTul ordRian samuSaoSexvedraze. gaTvaliswinebuliiqna maTi winadadebebida rekomendaciebi.kanonproeqtis miReba ar arisdakavSirebuli saxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiTi saxsrebisgamoyofasTan.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos saxelmwifo qonebismarTvis saministros mier saqarTvelosprezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris monawileobiT.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi~ damatebis Setanis Taobaze~kanonproeqti `saqarTvelossagadasaxado kodeqsSi~ saqar-Tvelos kanonSi damatebis SetanisSesaxeb ganpirobebulia`TviTmmarTveli erTeulis qonebisSesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiT.am kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaTviTmmarTveli erTeulisaTvissaxelmwifo sakuTrebaSiarsebuli qonebis usasyidloerTjeradi gadacema.gamomdinare iqidan, rom saxelmwifosmier TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis ZiriTadi qonebisgadacema xdeba usasyidlod daam qonebis gadacemam ar undagamoiwvios adgilobrivi xarjebismniSvnelovani gazrda, proeqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia TviTmmarTvelierTeulis gaTavisuflebauZravi qonebis gadacemis gadasaxadisagan.kanonproeqtis miReba ar arisdakavSirebuli saxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiT saxsrebisgamoyofasTan.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos saxelmwifo qonebismarTvis saministros mier saqarTvelosprezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris monawileobiT.kanonproeqti `saregistracio mosakreblebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSidamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~kanonproeqti `saregistraciomosakreblebis Sesaxeb~, saqar-Tvelos kanonSi damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ ganpirobebulia`TviTmmarTveli erTeulisqonebis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiT.am kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaTviTmmarTveli er-TeulisaTvis saxelmwifo sakuTrebaSiarsebuli qonebis usasyidloerTjeradi gadacema.gamomdinare iqidan, rom saxelmwifosmier TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis ZiriTadi qonebisgadacema xdeba usasyidlod daam qonebis gadacemam ar undagamoiwvios adgilobrivi xarjebismniSvnelovani gazrda, proeqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia TviTmmar-Tveli erTeulis ganTavisuflebaZiriTadi qonebis saregistraciomosakreblis gadaxdisagan.kanonproeqtis miReba ar arisdakavSirebuli saxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiT saxsrebisgamoyofasTan.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos saxelmwifo qonebismarTvis saministros mier saqarTvelosprezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris monawileobiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i30


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebisa dadamatebis Setanis Taobaze~.kanonproeqti `saxelmwifoqonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~,saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebisada damatebis Setanis Taobaze~ganpirobebulia `TviTmmarTvelierTeulis qonebis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqtiT. am kanonproeqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis saxelmwifosakuTrebaSi arsebuli qonebisusasyidlo erTjeradi gadacema.TviTmmarTveli erTeulisaTvissaxelmwifo qonebis gadacemisasam qonebaze saxelmwifo kargavsflobis, sargeblobisa dagankargvis uflebas, rac warmoadgensprivatizebis formas.aqedan gamomdinare, saWiroa,kanonis me-6 muxlSi, romelSicganisazRvreba privatizebis formebi,daematos TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis saxelmwifo qonebisusasyidlod gadacemisformac.amasTan, radgan damatebiTiqonebis miReba TviTmmarTvelierTeulis mier unda moxdessaerTo wesis safuZvelze, raTaxeli Seuwyos TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis qonebis formirebas,gaTvaliswinebulia saxelmwifoqonebis privatizebisasTanabari pirobebis SemTxvevaSiTviTmmarTvelobisaTvis upiratesiSesyidvis uflebis miniWeba.kanonproeqtis miReba ar arisdakavSirebuli saxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiTi saxsrebisgamoyofasTan.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos saxelmwifo qonebismarTvis saministros miersaqarTvelos prezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris monawileobiT.kanonproeqti `sanotaro moqmedebaTaSesrulebisaTvis sazRauris Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebis Setanis Taobaze~kanonproeqti `sanotaro moqmedebaTaSesrulebisaTvis saz-Rauris Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebis Setanis Sesaxebganpirobebulia `TviTmmarTvelierTeulis qonebis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqtiT. am kanonproeqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis saxelmwifosakuTrebaSi arsebuli qonebisusasyidlo erTjeradi gadacema.gamomdinare iqidan, romsaxelmwifos mier TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis ZiriTadi qonebisgadacema xdeba usasyidlod daam qonebis gadacemam ar undagamoiwvios adgilobrivi xarjebismniSvnelovani gazrda, proeqtiTgaTvaliswinebulia TviTmmarTvelierTeulisaTvis ZiriTadiqonebis gadacemis xelSekrulebisaTvisdadgindes simboluriTanxa erTi lari.kanonproeqtis miReba ar arisdakavSirebuli saxelmwifo biujetidandamatebiTi saxsrebisgamoyofasTan.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos saxelmwifo qonebismarTvis saministros mier saqarTvelosprezidentis regionaluripolitikisa da marTvissamsaxuris monawileobiT.saqarTvelos erovnuli bankismier momzadebul iqna saqar-Tvelos kanonis proeqti `saqar-Tvelos sagadasaxado kodeqsSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~. aRniSnuliganpirobebulia im garemoebiT,rom, marTalia, `saqarTveloserovnuli bankis Sesaxeb~ saqar-Tvelos organuli kanonis Tanaxmad,saqarTvelos erovnulibanki, misi aqtivebi, qonebada Semosavali, agreTve, misisaqmianoba da operaciebi gaTavikanonproeqti`saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~suflebulia yovelgvari gadasaxadis,gadasaxdelisa da mosakreblisagan.gamomdinare iqidan,rom zemoaRniSnuli kanoniorganulia da `normatiuliaqtebis Sesaxeb~ kanonis Sesabamisad,ierarqiulad ufro maRladgas, vidre sagadasaxadokodeqsi, sadavo ar aris isfaqti, rom upiratesoba eniWebaorganuli kanonis normebs,miuxedavad amisa, realobaSixSirad adgili aqvs sxvadasxvaorganoebis (kontrolis palata,sagadasaxado da sabaJo organoebi)mxridan zemoaRniSnulisakiTxis eWvqveS dayenebas, amitomam gaugebrobis aRmosafxvreladda sakiTxisadmi erTiani damkafio midgomis uzrunvelsayofad,aucileblad migvaCnia sagadasaxadokodeqsSi Sesabamisicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetana.aRniSnuli kanonproeqtis mi-Reba ar gamoiwvevs sabiujetosaxsrebis gazrdas.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i31


lovania is garemoeba, rom`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonian romelime sxva normatiuliaqti ar aregulirebs `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis amoqmedebamdearsebuli daculi teritoriebisfunqcionirebasTan dadaculi teritoriebis dacvisada gamoyenebis reJimis dacvasTandakavSirebul sakiTxebs konkretuladama Tu im daculteritoriasTan mimarTebaSi.SeiZleba iTqvas, rom amTvalsazrisiT (Tu mxedvelobaSiar miviRebT borjom-xaragauliserovnul parksa da borjomissaxelmwifo nakrZals) saqarTga n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `gazomvaTa erTianobisuzrunvelyofis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~`gazomvaTa erTianobis uzrunvelyofisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqtismizania aRniSnulikanonisa da `samewarmeo saqmianobislicenziisa da nebarTvisgacemis safuZvlebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnaTaharmonizacia, agreTve sistemisoptimizacia, ramac unda daaregulirosgazomvaTa erTianobisuzrunvelyofis sfero.gazomvis saSualebebma, undaganaxorcielos ama Tu imfizikur sidideTa gazomvebi.gazomvaTa saSualebebis mierzusti gazomvebis Sesrulebaki SesaZlebelia masSi mecnierebisTanamedrove miRwevebisgamoyenebiT da maTi kvanZebismaRali sizustiT damzadebisgziT; risTvisac aucilebeliasaTanado moTxovnebis arsebobasakonstruqcio-teqnologiuri dasaremonto dokumentaciis mimarT,sadac reglamentirebuliiqneba gazomvaTa saSualebebisdamzadebis procesSi monawileSromiTi da materialuriresursebis gamoyenebis pirobebi.kerZod: imis mixedviT Tu rasizustis kvanZebis damzadebaasaWiro. gansazRvruli undaiqnes gamosayenebeli mowyobilobebi.personalis kvalifikacia,xarisxis kontrolis meqanizmi,gazomvis meTodebi da saSualebebi.bunebrivia, yvela essaSualeba unda pasuxobdesgazomvis gansazRvrul sizustes,ris uzrunvelsayofad isiniperiodulad gadian Semowmebas,rac moicavs tipis damtkicebasda damowmebas.amavdroulad licenziismflobelis mier gazomvaTasaSualebebis warmoeba SesaZlebeliamas Semdeg, rac tipiiqneba damtkicebuli da dadasturebelimaTi Sesabamisobagazomvis saSualebebis moTxovnebTan(cdomileba sizuste).kanonis amoqmedebisaTvis araris saWiro raime damatebiTisaxsrebi saxelmwifo biujetidan.kanonproeqtis avtoria saqar-Tvelos standartizaciis metrologiisada sertifikaciissaxelmwifo departamenti.Sedgenilia `normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos 1996 wlis 28 oqtombris kanonis 39-emuxlis `a~ qvepunqtisa da `aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis normatiuli aqtebis momzadebisgamocemis gamoqveynebisa da moqmedebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos prezidentis 1998 wlis 17 maisis #3,#2, #6 brZanebulebis moTxovnaTa Sesabamisadkanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSikanonebis proeqtebismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisa dakanonSemoqmedebiTi saqmianobisSemdgomi srulyyofis RonisZiebaTaSesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 30ianvris #89 gankargulebisSesabamisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi mosamzadebelikanonebis proeqtisnusxa~ _ punqti 85). kanonproeqti(TandarTuli sakanonmdeblopaketTan erTad) ganxilulida mowonebuli iqnasaqarTvelos mTavrobis 2003wlis 12 martis sxdomaze.kanonproeqti `daculi teri-toriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisTaobaze1. kanonproeqtis miRebis mizezi(kanonproeqtis miznebi)`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonis proeqtismiRebis aucilebloba pirvelrigSi ganpirobebulia `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis amoqmedebamdeda misi amoqmedebis SemdgomSeqmnili daculi teritoriebisaTviserTgvarovani samarTlebrivibazisis Seqmnis saWiroebiT.garda amisa, mniSvne-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i32


mTavar sammarTvelos (SemdgomSisaxelmwifo departaments) _maSin rodesac, kanonis miRebismomentSive arsebobda daculiteritoria (Tbilisis erovnulibanki), romelic Sedioda sxvauwyebis daqvemdebarebaSi.garda zemoT Tqmulisa aRsaniSnaviais garemoeba, rom`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonipirdapir miTiTebas ar iZlevaam kanonis miRebamde Seqmnilidaculi teritoriebis funqcionirebiskonkretuli sakiTxebisTaobaze (amgvar miTiTebasSeicavs mxolod saqarTvelosparlamentis 1996 wlis 7 martisdadgenileba `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis Taobaze~).amasTan, `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoniT dadginda, rom daculiteritoriis Seqmnis Sesaxebgadawyvetilebas iRebs saqarTvelosparlamenti (mogvianebiTaRniSnuli norma realizebuliiqna saqarTvelos kanoniT `kolxeTisdaculi teritoriebisSeqmnisa da marTvis Sesaxeb~cxadia, rom aRniSnul normasar gaaCnda ukuqmedebis Zala`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisamoqmedebamde Seqmnili daculiteritoriebis mimarT _ risidamadasturebelic aris 2001wels miRebuli saqarTveloskanoni `borjom-xaragaulis erovnuliparkis teritoriis gafarToebisSesaxeb~. Sedegad,borjom-xaragaulis erovnulparkTan mimarTebaSi aRsaniSnavia,rom amJamad, erovnuli parkiserT nawils daculi teritoriiskategoriis (erovnuliparkis) statusi miniWebuliaqvs `daculi teritoriebissistemis Camoyalibebis xelSemwyobiRonisZiebebisa da borjomxaragauliserovnuli parkisSeqmnis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosrespublikis ministrTa kabinetis1995 wlis 23 ivliss #447dadgenilebis safuZvelze, xolomeore nawils sakanonmdeblonormatiuli aqtis _ `borjomxaragauliserovnuli parkisteritoriis gafarToebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis safuZga n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ivelos kanonmdeblobaSi samarTlebrivivakuumi arsebobs.swored zemoT aRniSnuligaremoebebi ganapirobeben `daculiteritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonis proeqtis mi-Rebis aucileblobas.kanonproeqtTan erTad momzadebuliiqna Sesabamis sakanonmdeblonormatiul aqtebSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisproeqtebi. kerZod, aRniSnulicvlilebebiTa da damatebebiTsaqarTvelos Svidi sakanonmdeblonormatiuli aqti SesabamisobaSimodis `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTgansazRvrul moTxovnebTan.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia `normatiuliaqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnebisgaTvaliswinebiT. kanonproeqtiSedgeba oTxi nawilisagan,romlebic Tanmimdevruladasaxaven kanonproeqtSi integrirebulzogad, ZiriTad, gardamavalda daskvniT debulebebs.kanonproeqtis ZiriTadi damaxasiaTebeliniSania is, romkanonproeqtiT saqarTvelos kanonissafuZvelze ganisazRvra`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisamoqmedebamde arsebuli (Seqmnili)daculi teritoriebiskategoriebis statusi. maTifarTobebisa da sazRvrebisidentificirebisa da marTvisSesabamisi daculi teritoriiskategoriis miniWebis gziT.saqarTveloSi amJamad arsebulidaculi teritoriebis(erovnuli parkebi, saxelmwifonakrZalebi, aRkveTilebi, bunebisZeglebi) umravlesoba daarsebulia1991 wlamde saqarTvelosssr mTavrobis gadawyvetilebaTasafuZvelze, romlebic Tavismxriv gamomdinareobdnen ssrkmTavrobis Sesabamisi gadawyvetilebebidan.1991 wlamde moqmedikanonmdeblobiT daculi teritoriisdaarseba samarTlebriviTvalsazrisiT erTsa da imavedros niSnavda _ erTis mxriv,garkveuli farTobisaTvis daculiteritoriis miwis kategoriisminiWebas. xolo meoremxriv, amave farTobze marTviserTeulis (iuridiuli piris)Seqmnas. magaliTad, rodesac80-ian wlebSi saqarTvelos ssrministrTa sabWos dadgenilebiTSeiqmna axmetis saxelmwifonakrZali _ ministrTa sabWosmier dadgenilebaSi SetaniliCanaweriT (`_ heqtarigamocxaddes saxelmwifo nakrZalad~)erTdroulad ganisazRvra.rogorc axmetis raionis garkveulifarTobisaTvis `saxelmwifonakrZalis~ anu `daculiteritoriis~ kategoriis mini-Weba. aseve axmetis saxelmwifonakrZalis rogorc organizaciis(iuridiuli piris) daarsebada saxelmwifo nakrZalad gamocxadebulifarTobis misgamgeblobaSi gadacema.1996 wlis 7 marts miRebuliiqna saqarTvelos kanoni `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~,romelsac araTu aranairigarkveuloba ar SeutaniazemoT aRniSnul sakiTxSi.aramed piriqiT, ufro metgaurkvevlobas Cauyara safuZveli_ miuxedavad imisa, rom amdroisaTvis ukve amoqmedebuliiyo saqarTvelos 1995 wlis8 dekembris kanoni `aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis struqturisada saqmianobis wesisSesaxeb~, romlis mixedviTacaRmasrulebeli xelisuflebisumaRlesi organoebis struqturagansazRvruli unda yofiliyosaqarTvelos prezidentisaqtebiT. am TvalsazrisiT, ni-Sandoblivia is, rom `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~kanonis mixedviT (sabWoTa periodSiarsebuli sqemis analogiiT)erTmaneTSia areulidaculi teritoriis rogorcmiwis kategoriisa da daculiteritoriis rogorc marTviserTeulis (iuridiuli piris)statusi. ufro metic. `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~kanonis me-18 muxlis mixedviTyvela daculi teritoriis mar-Tvis prerogativa gadaeca daculiteritoriebis, nakrZalebisada samonadireo meurneobisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i33


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ivelze. amgvarive mdgomareobaSeiZleba Seiqmnas sxva. `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis amoqmedebamdeSeqmnili, daculi teritoriebisgafarToebis SemTxvevaSic_ rac dRes moqmedi kanonmdeblobismixedviT mxolod saqar-Tvelos kanonis safuZvelzeSeiZleba moxdes _ Tumca,cxadia, samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiTes aranair gavlenasar moaxdens daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis amoqmedebamdeSeqmnili, daculi teritoriebisim nawilebis dacvisa dafunqcionirebis reJimze, romlebsacdaculi teritoriis kategoriisstatusi miniWebuliaqvT saqarTvelos ssr ansaqarTvelos respublikis aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis umaRlesiorganoebis mier.zemoaRniSnulTan dakavSirebiTaRsaniSnavia, rom kanonproeqtiT,erTi mxriv `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis amoqmedebamdeSeqmnil yvela dacul teritoriaseniWeba Sesabamisi statusierTgvarovani samarTlebrivibazis safuZvelze, xolo meoremxriv uqmdeba is normatiuliaqtebi, romelTa safuZvelzeisini iqna miRebuli _ racsaboloo jamSi saqarTveloSidReisaTvis arsebul yveladaculi teritoriis kategoriaserTgvarovani Zalis mqone samarTlebrivinormebis CarCoebSiaqcevs.SemoTavazebuli kanonproeqtiTsakanonmdeblo normatiuliaqtis doneze warmoebs mkveTrigamijvna daculi teritoriisrogorc miwis kategoriis cnebasada daculi teritoriisrogorc organizaciis (iuridiulipiris) cnebas Soris,kerZod, kanonproeqtiT daculiteritoriis kategoria eniWebakonkretul miwis farTobs daara im organizacias (iuridiulpirs), romlis daqvemdebarebaSiacimyofeba aRniSnuli miwis far-Tobi. amgvarad, miwis samar-Tlebrivi reJimis TvalsazrisiTmkvidrdeba daculi teritoriiskategoriis _ rogorc miwiskategoriis cneba.`daculi teritoriebis statusis~SemoTavazebuli kanonisproeqtis mixedviT iqmneba SesaZleblobaama Tu im teritoriaskanonis safuZvelzehqondes miniWebuli daculiteritoriis statusi, xoloimas Tu ra formiT moxdebaaRniSnuli teritoriis organizaciulimarTva da maTzeSesabamisi dacvis reJimis ganxorcieleba_ gadawyvets saqarTvelosprezidenti amJamadmoqmedi `aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebisstruqturisa da saqmianobiswesis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos1997 wlis 15 apriliskanonis Sesabamisad, romelicerTmniSvnelovnad gansazRvravsaRmasrulebeli xelisuflebisumaRlesi organoebis struqturaSiSemavali dawesebulebebissaxeobebsa (struqturuli qvedanayofi,teritoriuli organoda saxelmwifo saqveuwyebo dawesebuleba)da maTi formirebiswess.kanonproeqtiT SemoTavazebulinormebidan yvelaze mniSvnelovaniadetaluri samarTlebrivinormebi, romlebic dakav-Sirebulia `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis amoqmedebamdearsebuli (Seqmnili) daculiteritoriebis samenejmento gegmebisSemuSavebasa da aRniSnulisamenejmento gegmebis amoqmedebamdedacul teritoriebze saqmianobissamarTlebriv safuZvlebTan.kanonproeqtiT SemoTavazebuliaaseve, `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis amoqmedebamde arsebulizogierTi daculi teritoriisaRdgena da amavekanonis amoqmedebamde Sesaqmneladgamiznuli daculi teritoriismoqmedi kanonmdeblobis SesabamisadSeqmna.saboloo jamSi, kanonproeqtiTSemoTavazebuli normebisaSualebas iZleva `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis amoqmedebamdearsebuli (Seqmnili) daculiteritoriebis kategoriebisdacvasTan, gamoyenebasa da funqcionirebasTandakavSirebulimravali aspeqti moyvanil iqnesSesabamisobaSi moqmed kanonmdeblobasTandaculi teritoriebissferoSi.3. saerTaSoriso normebTankanonproeqtis Sesabamisobakanonproeqtis debulebebiSesabamisobaSia daculi teritoriebissferoSi arsebul saer-TaSoriso normebTan da moTxovnebTan,romelTa Soris aRsaniSnaviabunebis dacvis saerTa-Soriso kavSiris (Igst) mierSemuSavebuli mTeli rigi saxelmZRvanelodokumentebi.4. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis amoqmedeba (misimiRebis SemTxvevaSi) ar gamoiwvevsaxali struqturebis Seqmnasan arsebulis gafarToebas daSesabamisad saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdas.5. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.6. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaSemdegi kanonqvemdebarenormatiuli aqtebis gauqmeba:1. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1957 wlis 10aprilis #196 dadgenileba`saqarTvelos ssr zogierTinakrZalis aRdgenis Sesaxeb~(saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos dadgenilebani. 1957w.,#4);2. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1959 wlis 22ianvris #45 dadgenileba `saqar-Tvelos ssr-Si zogierTi nakr-Zalis organizaciis, aRdgenisada gafarToebis Sesaxeb~ (saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sab-Wos dadgenilebani, 1959 w.,#1);3. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1960 wlis 29p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i34


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iagvistos #603 dadgenileba`saqarTvelos ssr zogierTinakrZalis aRdgenis, gafarToebisada Seqmnis Sesaxeb~ (saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sab-Wos dadgenilebani. 1960 w.,#8);4. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1965 wlis 13aprilis #205 dadgenileba `TeTriwyarossatyeo meurneobisnaZvnari tyis koromebis saxelmwifonakrZalad gamocxadebisSesaxeb~ (saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos dadgenilebani.1965 w.,#4);5. `qalaqebis Tbilisisa darusTavis mwvane zonis gafar-Toebis, garemos gajansaRebisada mSromelTa masobrivi dasvenebispirobebis gaumjobesebisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sabWos1973 wlis 6 martis #143dadgenilebis (saqarTvelos ssrministrTa sabWos dadgenilebani.1973 w., #3) me-3 punqti;6. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1976 wlis 6Tebervlis #98 dadgenileba`yazbegis saxelmwifo nakrZalisSeqmnis Sesaxeb~ (saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sabWos dadgenilebani.1976 w., #2);7. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1976 wlis 19agvistos )594 dadgenileba`gumisTis saxelmwifo nakrZalisaRdgenis Sesaxeb~ (saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sabWos dadgenilebani.1976 w., #8);8. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1977 wlis 10ianvris )24 dadgenileba `liaxvissaxelmwifo nakrZalis SeqmnisSesaxeb~ (saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos dadgenilebani.1977 w., #1);9. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1977 4 oqtombris)688 dadgenileba borjomissaxelmwifo nakrZalSi naZvnarebismasobrivi xmobiT Seqmnili xanZarsaSiSimdgomareobis Tavidanacilebis RonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~(saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos dadgenilebani. 1977w.,#10);10. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1978 wlis 23ivnisis #416 dadgenileba `fsxussaxelmwifo nakrZalis SeqmnisSesaxeb~ (saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos dadgenilebani1978w.#6) 1978w.,#8);11. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1979 wlis 22maisis #372 dadgenileba `saguramoserovnuli parkisaTvissaxelis gadarqmevis Sesaxeb~(saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos dadgenilebani. 1979 w.,#5);12. saqarTvelos ssr ministrTasabWos 1980 wlis 16dekembris #869 dadgenileba`axmetis saxelmwifo nakrZalisSeqmnis Sesaxeb~ (saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sabWos dadgenilebani.1980 w., #12);13. `svaneTis saxelmwifo erovnuliparkis Seqmnisa damestiis raionis sofel uSgulisaTvisZveli qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebismuzeum-nakrZalis statusisminiWebis Sesaxeb~ saqar-Tvelos respublikis ministrTakabinetis 1991 wlis 16 agvistos#656 dadgenilebis (saqarTvelosrespublikis ministrTa kabinetisdadgenilebani. 1991.w.,#8); pirvelipunqti _ svaneTis saxelmwifoerovnuli parkis SeqmnisnawilSi;14. saqarTvelos respublikissaxelmwifo sabWos 1992 wlis12 maisis #12 dadgenileba`iSviaTi da gadaSenebis pirasmyofi cxovelTa saxeobebisaRdgenis respublikuri samecniero-sawarmoocentris `noeskidobnis~ (TrialeTis regionuliparki) Seqmnis Sesaxeb~(saqarTvelos respublikis saxelmwifosabWos normatiuli aqtebiskrebuli. 1995 w. t. I.mux. 32);15. saqarTvelos respublikisministrTa kabinetis 1992 wlisseqtembris )923 dadgenileba`respulikuri samecniero-sawarmoocentris _ TrialeTisregionuli parkis teritoriulisazRvrebis damtkicebisSesaxeb~ (saqarTvelos respublikisministrTa kabinetisdadgenilebani. 1992 w., )9);16. `daculi teritoriebissistemis Camoyalibebis xelSemwyobiRonisZiebebisa da borjomxaragauliserovnuli parkisSeqmnis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosrespublikis ministrTa kabinetis1995 wlis 28 ivlisis #447dadgenilebis (saqarTvelos respublikisministrTa kabinetisdadgenilebaTa krebuli, 1995w.,#7) me-2, me-3, me-4 da me-5punqtebi.7. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtSi CamoyalibebulisamarTlebrivi normebi ganapirobebenSesworebebisa da damatebebisSetanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos mTel rig sakanonmdeblonormatiul aqtebSi.aqedan gamomdinare, momzadebuliiqna Sesabamisi sakanonmdeblopaketi (Tan erTvis), romelicmoicavs Semdeg kanonproeqtebs:1. kanonproeqti `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisTaobaze~;2. `garemos dacvis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisSetanis Taobaze;3. kanonproeqti `saqarTvelostyis kodeqsSi cvlilebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~;4. kanonproeqti `kolxeTisdaculi teritoriebis Seqmnisada marTvis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~5. kanonproeqti `cxovelTasamyaros Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze6. kanonproeqti `saqarTvelosadministraciul samarTaldar-RvevaTa kodeqsSi cvlilebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~7. kanonproeqti `saqarTvelossisxlis samarTlis kodeqsSicvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~.8. kanonproeqtis avtorikanonproeqti momzadebuliabunebis dacvis (cca) msofliofondis xelSewyobiT.9. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.10. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i35


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~1.kanonproeqtis miRebis mizezi(kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSikanonebis proeqtebismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisa dakanonSemoqmedebiTi saqmianobisSemdgomi srulyofis RonisZiebaTaSesaxeb saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 30ianvris #20 gankargulebisSesabamisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSimosamzadebeli kanonebis proeqtebisnusxa~ _ punqti #85)momzadebul `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis proeqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli moTxovnebidangamomdinare.kerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebiT `daculiteritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanoniSesabamisobaSi modis `daculiteritoriebis statusis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulmoTxovnebTan.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia `normatiuliaqtebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis moTxovnebisgaTvaliswinebiT. kanonproeqtiSedgeba sami muxlisagan.amasTan, pirveli muxli Sedgeba21 punqtisagan.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxliTgaTvaliswinebulia `daculiteritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi(`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonproeqtidangamomdinare) Setanili iqnesrogorc terminologiuri, aseveSinaarsobrivi xasiaTis cvlilebebida damatebebi.kerZod, terminologiurixasiaTis Sesworebebs ganekuTvnebadaculi teritoriebiskategoriebis dasaxlebebis _`aRkveTilis~, `bunebis Zeglisa~da `daculi landSaftis~ SecvlaiseTi dasaxlebebiT,rogorebic aris _ `saxelmwifoaRkveTili~, `saxelmwifo bunebisZegli~ da `saxelmwifo daculilandSafti~. aRniSnuli Sesworebismizani iyo daculiteritoriebis kategoriebis dasaxelebebSierTgvarovnebis dacva,romelTa amJamindeli redaqciasruliad araerTgvarovania damoicavs iseT dasaxelebebs,rogorebic aris _ erTi mxriv,`saxelmwifo nakrZali~ da amavedros _ `aRkveTili~, `bunebisZegli~ da a.S. _ anu dasaxelebebisgansazRvreba `saxelmwifos~gareSe _ rac maTidaqvemdebarebis donis (centraluri,regionaluri, raionulida a. S) identifikaciis TvalsazrisiTgaugebrobebs qmnida.amave xasiaTis SesworebaTarigs ganekuTvneba kanonisteqstSi anaqronizmad qceuliterminis _ `saqarTvelos daculiteritoriebis, nakrZalebisada samonadireo meurneobebismTavari sammarTvelos(kanonis miRebis momentSi _1996 wels, saqarTvelos daculiteritoriebis, nakrZalebisa dasamonadireo meurneobis saxelmwifodepatramenti sworedase iwodeboda) cvlilebac daSesabamisad aseve, sruliadgaugebari terminebis `daculiteritoriebis samsaxurisa~ da`daculi teritoriebis adgilobriviorganos _ direqciis~cvlilebac, aRniSnuli terminebiimdenad bundovani da gaugebariaRmoCnda, magaliTad saqarTvelosiusticiis saministrosaTvis,rom am ukanasknelma(2001 wels samewarmeo subieqtebissaqmianobis kontrolisganxorcielebis funqciis matarebeliuwyebebis oficialuriCamonaTvalis Sedgenisas _ ix.saqarTvelos sakanonmdeblomacne, nawili IV, 2001 w.#1.)saqarTvelos daculi teritoriebis,nakrZalebisa da samonadireomeurneobebis mTavarisammarTvelo miiCnia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebrivi resursebisdacvis saministrosstruqturul qvedanayofad(!),xolo `daculi teritoriebisdireqciebi~ da amave saministrosadgilobriv organoebad(!)da Sesabamisad swored saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministros`miakuTvna~ aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebisumaRlesi organos_ saqarTvelos daculi teritoriebis,nakrZalebisa da samonadireomeurneobis saxelmwifodepartamentisa da mis gamgeblobaSimyofi saxelmwifosaqveuwyebo dawesebulebebismakontrolebeli da sazedamxedvelofunqciebi daculiteritoriebis sferoSi.rac Seexeba kanonis teqstSiSetanil Sinaarsobrivi saxisSesworebebs _ maTgan yvelazeufro mnivSnelovania kanonproeqtispirveli muxlis 21-e punqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli damatebebi.romelTa mixedviTac, blanketuriformiT pirdapirisamarTlebrivi kavSiri myardeba`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonsada `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtsSoris.`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis teqstSi Setanili Sinaarsobrivisaxis Sesworebebinawilobriv dakavSirebulia aseve,`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ 1996 wlis pirvelnaxevarSi miRebul saqarTveloskanonis mTel teqstSi arsebulazrobriv da samarTlebrivixasiaTis uzustobebTan daSecdomebTan. aRsaniSnavia, romaRniSnulma kanonma, sawyis etapze,garkveuli roli Seasruladaculi teritoriebis (erovnuliparkebis) daarsebis saqmeSi.amasTan, aRniSnuli kanoni ukvemiRebisTanave gamoirCeoda uamraviseriozuli xasiaTis azrobrivida iuridiuli xarveziT.faqtobrivad kanoni ar adgensqcevis konkretul normebis_ ZiriTadad igi moicavsmxolod zogadi xasiaTis normaprincipebs,romelTagan bevriurTierTsawinaaRmdegoa. yvelazedidi xarvezi, romliTac aRni-Snuli kanoni gamoirCeva, isp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i36


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T igaremoebaa, rom kanonis miRebiTar gauqmebula daculi teritoriebissferoSi moqmedi arcerTi sakanonmdeblo an kanonqvemdebarenormatiuli aqti. aseve,kanoniT, faqtobrivadad aryofila gansazRvruli mis safu-Zvelze da mis Sesasrulebladromelime konkretuli kanonqvemdebareaqtis miReba.amgvarma viTarebam ganapirobais, rom 1996 wlidan dRemde(miuxedavad `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ kanonisamoqmedebisa) daculi teritoriebissferoSi saqarTvelosdaculi tertoriebis, nakrZalebisada samonadireo meurneobissaxelmwifo departamentismier, kanonis aRsasruleblad,miRebuli ar yofila arcerTi kanonqvemdebare normatiuliaqti.moqmedi kanonis mniSvnelovanxarvezs warmoadgens aseve is,rom kanonis mixedviT erTmaneTSiaareuli daculi teritoriisrogorc miwis kategoriisada daculi teritoriisrogorc marTvis erTeulis(iuridiuli piris) statusi.aRniSnuli sfero, realurad,dRemde, `inerciiT~ regulirdeba,ZiriTadad, ssrk danawilobriv saqarTvelos ssraRmasrulebeli xelisuflebisumaRlesi organoebis mier 1991wlamde miRebuli (da aqedangamomdinare _ saeWvo iuridiuliZalis mqone) normatiuliaqtebiT _ romelTaumravlesoba Zireulad ewinaaRmdegeba`daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ kanoniT dadgenilzogad normebs.garda amisa, ar momxdara`daculi teritoriebis sistemisSesaxeb~ kanoniT dadgenilizogadi normebis asaxva amkanonis amoqmedebis SemdgommiRebul kanonmdeblobaSi (gansakuTrebiTes exeba kanonmdeblobasmiwaTsargeblobis sferoSi).realurad, imisaTvis,rom aRniSnuli kanoni moyvaniliqnes SesabamisobaSi moqmedkanonmdeblobasTan _ saWiroacvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetana mis yvela muxlSi, puntsada qvepunqtSi _ ris ganxorcielebac,cxadia, SeuZlebeliiyo `daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~gansaxilvelad momzadebulikanonproeqtis farglebSi.swored zemoT aRniSnulmagaremoebebma ganapirobes `daculiteritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisTaobaze~ kanonproeqtis me-2muxlis Sinaarsi, romlis mixedviTacgaTvaliswinebulia erTimxriv, kanonis aRsasrulebladsaWiro kanonqvemdebare normatiuliaqtebis CamonaTvlismomzadeba, xolo, meore mxriv,saqarTvelos daculi teritoriebiskodeqsis proeqtis miReba.sakuTriv aRniSnuli proeqtiskodeqsis saxiT momzadebisaucileblobas ganapirobebs isgaremoeba, rom kodeqsis sa-SualebiT SesaZlebeli iqnebadaregulirdes daculi teritoriebisSeqmnis, ganviTarebisada funqcionirebis yvela aspeqti_ rac, Sesabamisad, moiTxovserTgvarovan urTierTobaTa maregulirebelisistematizirebulisakanonmdeblo normatiuliaqtis (kodeqsis) proeqtismomzadebas.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba arganapirobebs axali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulisgafarToebas da Sesabamisadsaxelmwifo xarjebis zrdas.4. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.5. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebulinormatiuliaqtebis gauqmeba.6. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmedkanonmdeblobaSi.7. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.8. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.kanonproeqti `garemos dacvis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisSetanis Taobaze~1. kanonproeqtis miRebis mizezi(kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSikanonebis proeqtebismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisa dakanonSemoqmedebiTi saqmianobisSemdgomi srulyofis `Ronis-ZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 30ianvris #89 gankargulebisSesabamisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi mosamzadebelikanonebis proeqtebisnusxa~ _ punqti #85) momzadebuli`daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulimoTxovnebidan gamomdinare.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i37


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebebiT `garemosdacvis Sesaxeb~ saqar-Tvelos kanoni SesabamisobaSimodis `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTgansazRvrul moTxovnebTan.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia`normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnebisgaTvaliswinebiT. kanonproeqtiSedgeba ori muxlisagan.kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulia`garemos dacvis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi terminologiurixasiaTis cvlilebebisSetana.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba arganapirobebs axali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulisgafarToebas da Sesabamisadsaxelmwifo xarjebis zrdas.4. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.5. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT ar aris ga-Tvaliswinebuliaqtebis gauqmeba.normatiuli6. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmed kanonmdeblobaSi.7. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqar-Tvelos garemosa da bunebrviresursebis dacvis saministro.8. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos tyis kodeqsSicvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezi (kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSikanonebis proeqtismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisa dakanonSemoqmedebiTi saqmianobisSemdgomi srulyofis Ronis-ZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 30ianvris #89 gankargulebisSesabmisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi momzadebulikanonebis proeqtebisnusxa~ _ punqti #85) mosamzadebel`daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis proeqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli moTxovnebidangamomdinare.kerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebebiT saqarTvelostyis kodeqsi SesabamisobaSimodis `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulmoTxovnebTan.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia`normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnebisgaTvaliswinebiT kanonproeqtiSedgeba ori muxlisagan.kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliasaqarTvelos tyis kodeqsSidaculi teritoriebiskategoriebis dasaxelebaTa amsaxveliterminebis Camoyalibeba`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTdadgenili terminebis adeqvaturad.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba arganapirobebs axali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulisgafarToebas da, Sesabamisad,saxelmwifo xarjebis zrdas.4. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar arisgaTvaliswinebuli axali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.5. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT ar aris ga-Tvaliswinebuli normatiuliaqtebis gauqmeba.6. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmedkanonmdeblobaSi.7. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.8. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i38


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T i2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia`normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnekanonproeqti`kolxeTis daculi teritoriebisSeqmnisa da marTvis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezi (kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi kanonebis proeqtismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisada kanonSemoqmedebiTisaqmianobis Semdgomi srulyofisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqar-Tvelos prezidentis 2002 wlis30 ianvris #89 gankargulebisSesabmisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi momzadebulikanonebis proeqtebisnusxa~ _ punqti #85) momzadebul`daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulimoTxovnebidan gamomdinare.kerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebebiTkolxeTis daculi teritoriebisSeqmnisa da marTvis SesaxebsaqarTvelos kanoni SesabamisobaSimodis `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTgansazRvrul moTxovnebTan.bis gaTvaliswinebiT kanonproeqtiSedgeba ori muxlisagan.kanonproeqtiT, ZiriTadadgaTvaliswinebulia `kolxeTisdaculi teritoriebis Seqmnisada marTvis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi daculi teritoriebiskategoriebis dasaxelebaTa amsaxveliterminebis Camoyalibeba`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTdadgenili terminebis adeqvaturad.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba arganapirobebs axali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulisgafarToebas da Sesabamisadsaxelmwifo xarjebis zrdas.4. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.5. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaerTi normatiuli aqtisgauqmeba, romliTac 1992wels Seqmnili iyo 2 daculiteritoria, romlebic, Tavismxriv, samarTlebrivi da geografiul-sivrcobriviTvalsazrisiTfaqtobrivad gauqmebuliiqna `kolxeTis daculi teritoriebisSeqmnisa da marTvisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonismiRebiT _ Tumca kanonisteqstSi amis Sesaxeb pirdapirar yofila miTiTebuli.6. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmed kanonmdeblobaSi.7. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.8. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.kanonproeqti `cxovelTa samyaros Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezi (kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSikanonebis proeqtismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisa dakanonSemoqmedebiTi saqmianobisSemdgomi srulyofis Ronis-ZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis 30ianvris #89 gankargulebisSesabmisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSimosamzadebeli kanonebis proeqtebisnusxa~ _ punqti #85)momzadebul `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis proeqtiTgaTvaliswinebuli moTxovnebidangamomdinare.kerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebebiT cxovelTasamyaros Sesaxeb saqarTveloskanoni SesabamisobaSimodis `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTgansazRvrul moTxovnebTan.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia `normatiuliaqtebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis moTxovnebisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i39


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T igaTvaliswinebiT kanonproeqtiSedgeba ori muxlisagan.kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulia`daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis amoqmedebis Semdgom,`cxovelTa samyaros Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis safuZvelzeSeqmnili im daculi teritoriebismarTvasa da funqcionirebasTandakavSirebuli sakiTxebisimave rigiT mowesrigeba,rogorc es `daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqtiT aris gaTvaliswinebuli`daculi teritoriebissistemis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis amoqmedebamdeSeqmnili daculi teritoriebisaTvis_ aqedan gamomdinare,dReisaTvis arsebuli yveladaculi teritoriis statusida statusTan dakavSirebulisakiTxebis erTgvarovnad mowesrigebisgziT _ `cxovelTasamyaros Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoni SesabamisobaSi modis`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonproeqtTan.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifoxarjebis zrdis safinansoekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba arganapirobebs axali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulisgafarToebas da Sesabamisadsaxelmwifo xarjebis zrdas.4. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.5. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaSemdegi normatiuliaqtebis gauqmeba _ saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sabWos 1965wlis 23 Tebervlis #118dadgenileba `ivris saxelmwifosatyeo-sanadiro meurneobismowyobis Sesaxeb~ (saqarTvelosssr ministrTa sabWos dadgenilebani,1965 w. #2).6. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmed kanonmdeblobaSi.7. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.8. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSi cvlilebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezi (kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi kanonebis proeqtismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisada kanonSemoqmedebiTi saqmianobisSemdgomi srulyofis RonisZiebaTaSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos prezidentis2002 wlis 30 ianvris)89 gankargulebis Sesabamisad(ix. gankargulebiT damtkicebuli`2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi momzadebulikanonebis proeqtebis nusxa~_ punqti #85) momzadebul`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulimoTxovnebidan gamomdinare.kerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebebiT saqarTvelosadministraciul samar-TaldarRvevaTa kodeqsi. kodeqsiSesabamisobaSi modis `daculiteritoriebis statusis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulmoTxovnebTan.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia`normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnebisgaTvaliswinebiT kanonproeqtiSedgeba ori muxlisagan.kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliasaqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTakodeqsSi Setanil iqnes mxolodterminologiuri xasiaTis cvlilebebi.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba ar ganapirobebsaxali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulis gafar-Toebas da, Sesabamisad, saxelmwifoxarjebis zrdas.4. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebulinormatiuli aqtebisgauqmeba.5. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmed kanonmdeblobaSi.6. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.7. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i40


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T i2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonkanonproeqti`saqarTvelos sisxlissamarTlis kodeqsSi cvlilebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezi (kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi kanonebis proeqtismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisada kanonSemoqmedebiTisaqmianobis Semdgomi srulyofisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis30 ianvris #89 gankargulebisSesabmisad (ix. gankargulebiTdamtkicebuli `2002 wels aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi momzadebulikanonebis proeqtebisnusxa~ _ punqti #85) momzadebul`daculi teritoriebisstatusis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulimoTxovnebidan gamomdinare.kerZod, kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlilebebiT saqarTvelossisxlis samarTliskodeqsi SesabamisobaSi modis`daculi teritoriebis statusisSesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiTgansazRvrul moTxovnebTan.proeqtis ZiriTadi debulebebisaxsna-ganmarteba)kanonproeqti Sedgenilia `normatiuliaqtebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis moTxovnebisgaTvaliswinebiT kanonproeqtiSedgeba ori muxlisagan.kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliasaqarTvelos sisxlissamarTlis kodeqsSi Setaniliiqnes mxolod terminologiurixasiaTis cvlilebebi.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miReba(axali struqturebis SeqmniTan arsebulis gafarToebasTandakavSirebuli saxelmwifo xarjebiszrdis safinanso-ekonomikuridasabuTeba)kanonproeqtis miReba ar ganapirobebsaxali struqturebisSeqmnas an arsebulis gafar-Toebas da, Sesabamisad, saxelmwifoxarjebis zrdas.4. kanonproeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis mizanSewonilobis damadasturebeligaTvlebikanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuliaxali cifrobrivinormebis SemoReba.5. gasauqmebeli normatiuliaqtebis nusxakanonproeqtiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebulinormatiuli aqtebisgauqmeba.6. moqmed kanonmdeblobaSimosalodneli Sesworebebi dadamatebebikanonproeqtiT gansazRvrulisamarTlebrivi normebi arganapirobeben Sesworebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis aucileblobassaqarTvelos moqmedkanonmdeblobaSi.7. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.8. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiT.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos parlamentisaparatis sajaro moxelis sapensiouzrunvelyofis Sesaxeb~warmodgenili kanonproeqtismizania saqarTvelos parlamentisaparatis muSakTa sapensio uzrunvelyofisdamatebiTi garantiebisSeqmna, sajaro moxeleTasapensio uzrunvelyofis sakiTxizogadad regulirdeba `sajarosamsaxuris Sesaxeb` saqarTveloskanonis 50-e muxliT, romelicgansazRvravs moxelis mierzRvruli sapensio asakis miRwevisasmisTvis dasaniSni pensiisodenobas. amasTan, am kanonis51-e muxlis me-2 punqtiT saqarTveloskanonmdeblobiT sajaromoxeleTaTvis SeiZlebagaTvaliswinebuli iqnes sxvadamatebiTi uflebebi da garantiebi.aRniSnuli norma safu-Zvels iZleva ganisazRvrosparlamentis aparatis sajaromoxeleTa damatebiTi garantiebi,kerZod, parlamentis aparatissajaro moxeles da yofilsajaro moxeles, romelsac aqvsmuSaobis 25 wlis saerTostaJi, maT Soris parlamentisaparatSi muSaobis rva wlisstaJi, zRvruli sapensio asakismiRwevisas, eniSneba pensia misidaniSvnis momentisaTvis saqarTvelosparlamentis aparatisSesabamisi rangis, Tanamdebobisada saklaso Cinis moqmedimoxelis saSualo SromiTigasamrjelos (xelfasis) sruliodenobiT.garda amisa, saqarTvelosparlamentis aparatis yofilsajaro moxeles eZleva pensiazedanamati, romelic ganisazRvrebawelTa namsaxurebis mixedviT.saqarTvelos parlamentisaparatis yofili sajaro moxelispensiiT uzrunvelyofasaxorcielebs saqarTvelos socialuriuzrunvelyofis erTianisaxelmwifo fondi.aqve unda aRiniSnos, romsaqarTvelos parlamentSi aseTsajaro moxeleTa raodenobaamJamad erTeulebiT ganisazRvreba.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i41


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqtebi: `transportisa da komunikaciebissferos saxelmwifo marTvisa da regulirebiswesis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebis Setanis Taobaze~`damoukidebeli erovnuli maregulirebeliorganoebis Sesaxeb~ kanonSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~`normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~ kanonSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~`fasebisa da faswarmoqmnis safuZvlebis Sesaxeb~kanonSi cvlilebis Setanis Taobaze~`saqarTvelos administraciul samarTaldar-RvevaTa kodeqsSi damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~1998 wlis 17 seqtembersdaido saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebasaqarTvelosa da ganviTarebissaerTaSoriso asociaciasSoris `ganviTarebis kreditisSesaxeb (transportissaministros restruqturizebisproeqti)~, romelic ratificirebuliqna saqarTvelos parlamentismier 1998 wlis 13dekembers. swored es dokumentigaxlavT safuZveli saqarTvelossatransporto sistemis instituciurireformisa.xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebuliinstituciuri reformisarsi mdgomareobs SemdegSi:satransporto sferoSi civilizebulisabazro urTierTobebisdamkvidreba, marTvis demokratizacia,meurne subieqtebisaTvisnormaluri samewarmeo pirobebisuzrunvelyofis sistemaSi dasaqmebulTasaqmianobis, treningisada motivaciis aprobirebulidasavluri standartebis danergvada sxv.marTvis demokratizaciis sferoSiinstituciuri reformagulisxmobs dasavleTSi aRiarebulida sabazro urTierTobebisadekvaturi modelis danergvassami donis gamijvniT._ saxelmwifoebrivi marTvismaRali done (saministro);_ damoukidebeli regulirebisdone (satransporto administraciebi);_ sameurneo done (satransportosawarmoebi).am doneebis gamijvna miznadisaxavs saministros politikurmmarTvelobiTifunqciebis gamijvnasmaregulirebeli dasameurneo funqciebisagan, xoloregulirebis funqciis dakisrebassajaro samarTlis iuridiulipirebis _ satransportoadministraciebisaTvis, romlebicmaregulirebel momsaxurebasgauweven mewarmeebs (satransportosawarmoebs) saxelmwifobiujetisagan damoukideblad.zemoaRniSnuli proeqti miCneuliasapiloto (sawyis) proeqtadda misi gamocdilebaSemdgomSi safuZveli SeiZlebagaxdes Cveni qveynis aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis instituciurimowyobis saerTo reformisa.amrigad, savsebiT gasagebiapolitikuri, saxelmwifoebrivmmarTvelobiTi,finansur-ekonomikurida sxva mimarTulebebiTqveynis civilizebul donezemowyobis saqmeSi am proeqtisudidesi mniSvneloba.yovelivedan gamomdinare,saerTaSoriso konsultantisada saministros specialistebisZalisxmeviT, momzadda proeqtissarealizacio RonisZiebaTa dasakanonmdeblo cvlilebaTapaketi, romelmac daimsaxuraproeqtis damfinansebeli mxaris,_ saerTaSoriso organizaciebisada saqarTvelos aRmasrulebelida sakanonmdeblo xelisuflebis,mowoneba. Sedegad _ 2001wlis 20 ivliss amoqmeddasaqarTvelos kanoni `transportisada komunikaciebis sferossaxelmwifo marTvisa daregulirebis wesis Sesaxeb~,xolo 2002 wlis 1 ianvridanZalaSi Sevida am kanonisSesabamisad da misi moTxovnebiTgaTvaliswinebuli transportisada komunikaciebis saministrosnormatiuli aqtebi (brZanebebi,debulebebi).2003 wlis 10 ianvars sakonstituciosasamarTlom meorekolegiis gadawyvetilebiT,erT-erTi mewarmis sarCelisganxilvis safuZvelze, arakonstituciuradscno zemoaRniSnulikanonisa da normatiuli aqtebiszogierTi norma dadebuleba, romlebic satransportoadministraciebis saqmianobisfinansuri uzrunvelyofissakiTxebsa da, Sesabamisad, maTsamarTlebriv statuss Seexeboda.sakonstitucio sasamarTlosgadawyvetilebis umTavres motivsada safuZvels warmoadgens is,rom satransporto administraciebisdamoukideblobisxarisxi da samarTlebrivi bunebaar pasuxobs damoukidebelimaregulirebeli organoebiskanoniT gansazRvrul standartebsda, Sesabamisad, `satransportosaqmianobis regulirebisyovelwliuri safasuri~,romelic zemoaRniSnulisatransporto administraciebisdafinansebis ZiriTadi wyaroa,warmoadgens saxelmwifo begaras.marTalia, sakonstituciosasamarTlos am gadawyvetilebiTp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i42


miznad isaxavs satransportoadministraciebis saqmianobissamarTlebriv bazaSi `fasebisada faswarmoqmnis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisdamkvidrebas, romelic sxvadasxvaaspeqtTan erTad momsaxurebistarifebis dadgenis procesSisruliad specifikuri ekonomikurikategoriebisa da meTodologiisgamoyenebis sawindaria.aRniSnuli Tvisobrivad Secvlisadministraciebis satarifo politikisada maTi finansuriuzrunvelyofis, maT Soris,regulirebis safasuris ekonomikursafuZvlebsa da maT,Semadgenels, rac sawyisSivegamoricxavs sferos xelovnurimonopolizaciis SesaZleblobebs.sakanonmdeblo paketis miRebisSemTxvevaSi transportis sferoSisabolood da udavodganimarteba regulirebis safasurisiuridiuli buneba,daniSnuleba da samarTlebrivibaza, ris Taobazec pirdapiriminiSneba asaxulia sakonstituciosasamarTlos xsenebuligadawyvetilebis samotivacionawilSi. kerZod, SemoTavazebulivariantiT saqme gvaqvsara sakonstitucio sasamarTlosmier arakonstituciurad cnobilinstitutTan, aramed sulsxva, moqmed finansur instrumentTan,romelic warmatebiT,ekonomikurad gamarTlebuladda, saerTaSoriso WrilSi, aprobirebuliformiT farTodgamoiyeneba amJamad arsebulidamoukidebeli maregulirebeliorganoebis praqtikaSi.amasTan, gansaxorcielebeliregulirebiTi saqmianobis fasianobisprincipebis damkvidrebaSeRavaTs aZlevs saxelmwifobiujets. axali regulirebissafasuri miCneulia maregulirebelifunqciis sarealizaciodmxolod sajaro samarTlisiuridiuli pirebisaTvis miniWebulieqskluziuri uflebamosilebisganxorcielebis (satransportosawarmoebis aucilebeliregulirebiTi momsaxurebis)safasurad.aRsaniSnavia isic, rom administraciebisregulirebiTimomsaxureba warmoadgens misTvisminiWebuli savaldebulo funqciisrealizacias da igi araris mogebis momtani. e. i.administracia asrulebs marega n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iZalaSi darCa reformis yveladanarCeni samarTlebrivi daorganizaciuli meqanizmi, magramseriozuli, arsebiTi safrTxeSeeqmna reformis finansurekonomikuriuzrunvelyofisprocess, ris gareSec igiver ganviTardeba.amasTanave, sakonstituciosasamarTlom daadgina, rom misigadawyvetilebis aRsruleba gadaidos2003 wlis 1 aprilamde.imis gaTvaliswinebiT, romes gadawyvetileba sabolooada gasaCivrebas an gadasinjvasar eqvemdebareba, savsebiTgasagebia, rom mimdinare wlis1 aprilamde gadaudebeli daaucilebeli xdeba im sakanonmdeblovakuumis Tavidan acileba,romelic arsebiTad daamuxruWebsda SeaCerebs umniSvnelovanesireformis mimdinareobasada erovnuli ekonomikisdidi segmentis funqcionirebas.yovelive zemoaRniSnulis ga-TvaliswinebiT, saqarTvelostransportisa da komunikaciebissaministrom moamzada saqarTveloskanonis proeqti `transportisada komunikaciebissferos saxelmwifo marTvisada regulirebis wesis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisSesaxeb~ da, misgan gamomdinare,sxva sakanonmdeblo aqtebSicvlilebebis mTeli paketi.aRniSnuli sakanonmdeblopaketi moicavs:_ `transportisa da komunikaciebissferos saxelmwifosmarTvisa da regulirebis wesisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqts;_ `damoukidebeli erovnulimaregulirebeli organoebisSesaxeb~ kanonSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis Setanis Taobaze~kanonproeqts;_ `normatiuli aqtebis Sesaxeb~kanonSi cvlilebebis dadamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~kanonproeqts;_ `fasebisa da faswarmoqmnissafuZvlebis Sesaxeb~ kanonSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqts;_ `saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqts.aRniSnuli sakanonmdeblopaketi, sakonstitucio sasamarTloszemoxsenebuli gadawyvetilebisSesabamisad, miznadisaxavs satransporto administraciebissamarTlebrivi statusisZireul gadasinjvas. kerZod,es gulisxmobs, pozitiuri ucxourigamocdilebis bazazedayrdnobiT, maTi damoukidebelimaregulirebeli organoebis aprobirebuliinstitutisadmimikuTvnebas. cvlilebis SedegadarsebiT novaciebad gvesaxebaSemdegi:_ satransporto administraciebisdamoukidebeli maregulirebelierovnuli organosstatusi _ ukve moqmedisakanonmdeblo uzrunvelyofiT:_ satarifo regulirebisfunqciis administraciis mierdamoukideblad ganxorcielebisufleba;_ sakuTari normatiuliaqtebis gamocemis uflebamosileba;_ momxmarebelTa uflebebisdacvis sruliad sxva standartebzegadasvla, rac gulisxmobs`damoukidebeli maregulirebelierovnuli organoebisSesaxeb~ kanonis socialurimoTxovnebis srul da upirobogavrcelebas satransporto momsaxurebismTel segmentze;_ administraciebis xelmZRvanelobissaqarTvelos prezidentismier dakompleqteba, rac kidevufro gazrdis administraciebisdamoukideblobas saxelmwifosaparatisagan;_ administraciebis damoukidebelisaqmianobis sxva iuridiuligarantiebi, romelicsakanonmdeblo doneze uzrunvelyofssaqarTvelos transportisada komunikaciebis saministrosaganadministraciebisorganizaciul-funqcionaluriniSniT praqtikul, srulfasovangamijvnas_ administraciebis angariSvaldebulebamxolod saqarTvelosprezidentisa da parlamentiswinaSe;_ administraciebis aRWurvaadministraciuli sanqciebisgamoyenebis uflebamosilebebiT,rac yvela damoukidebeli maregulirebeliorganos erTerTimniSvnelovani maxasiaTebelia.sakanonmdeblo paketi agreTvep a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i43


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T igulirebeli momsaxurebis aucilebelsamuSaoebs da masaunazRaurdeba mxolod am samuSaoTaSesrulebisaTvis gaweulidanaxarjebi. amrigad, amori principis (niSnis) arseboba,ueWvels da aucilebels xdisimis aRiarebas, rom am anaz-RaurebiT miRebuli Semosavaliar ganekuTvneba ekonomikurisaqmianobiT miRebul Semosavals.swored am aspeqtSia gaazrebulies sakiTxi `damoukidebeli maregulirebelierovnuli organoebisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoniT. moqmedi kanonmdeblobisTanaxmad, TviT wyaro amSemosavlisa _ maregulirebelimomsaxureba _ SinaarsiTa daformiT, ar warmoadgens ekonomikursaqmianobas.yovelive es savsebiT Seesabameba,rogorc `sajaro samar-Tlis iuridiuli piris Sesaxeb~`saqarTvelos kanonsa daam sferoSi arsebul realurprecedentebs. ise `damoukidebelimaregulirebeli erovnulorganoebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis moTxovnebs.warmodgenili sakanonmdeblopaketiT gaTvaliswinebuli cvlilebebisfinansur-ekonomikuriefeqti Semdegia:_ TviT cvlilebebis ganxorcielebaar saWiroebs damatebiTxarjebs (m.S. saxelmwifo biujetidan)._ cvlilebebiT nagulisxmeviRonisZiebebis amonagebi (Semosavlebi),romlebic gaangariSebuliasatransporto_ samewarmeobazris subieqtebis odenobis2002 wlis maCveneblebisada administraciis maregulirebelisaqmianobis fasis (tarifis)liberaluri da aradiskriminaciulisididis gaTvaliswinebiT,Seadgens daaxloebiT 6,0 mlnlars weliwadSi._ saxelmwifo biujeti Tavisufldebaadministraciebis dafinansebisxarjebisagan, minimum,daaxloebiT, 1,2-1,4 mlnlaris odenobiT weliwadSi,rac sabiujeto ekonomiis tolfasiada irib efeqts warmoadgens;_ winamdebare sakanonmdeblocvlilebebiT gaTvaliswinebuliRonisZiebebis Sedegadsaxelmwifo biujeti SemosavlebissaxiT miiRebs sul mcire 1,5-1,6 mln. lars weliwadSi.garda amisa, rogorc zemoTaRiniSna, miRweuli iqneba organizaciul-ekonomikurisaxis sxvapozitiuri Sedegebic:_ mkveTrad mcirdeba moxeleTaSoris korufciis motivaciada SesaZleblobani;_ regulirebis (m.S. aRricxvianobis)gaumjobesebis Sedegadmosalodnelia mkveTri zrdasatransporto sawarmoTa saqmianobislegalizebis donisa(sadac dReisaTvis Crdilovaniekonomikis wili 40-44%-sSeadgens).yovelive amiT iqmneba winapirobaara marto sabiujetoSemosavlebis zrdisa, aramedsatransporto sawarmoTa sameurneoaqtivobis amaRlebisa,romlis xarjzec am sferoSiSeqmnili mTliani Sida produqciismoculoba 2002 welTanSedarebiT 2003 wels eqspertTagaTvliT gaizrdeba 116-118%-iT.warmodgenili sakanonmdeblopaketis Sinaarsis SemuSavebaSigaTvaliswinebulia, rogorcsatransporto administraciebis,aseve (maTi monacemebiT) satransportosawarmoebis warmomadgenelTamosazrebebic, rac,vfiqrobT, disonanss ar Seitansam ukanasknelTa partniorulurTierTobaSi.kanonproeqtebi: `saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos organul kanonSi damatebis SetanisTaobaze~ saqarTvelos organuli kanonisa da`mosamarTleTa socialuri da samarTlebrividacvis garantiebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebis Setanis Taobaze~saqarTvelos konstitucia,rogorc saqarTvelos uzenaesikanoni, aseve saqarTvelos organulikanoni `saerTo sasamarTloebisSesaxeb~ sasamarTloebsganixilaven erTian sasamarTlosivrceSi (sistemaSi),magram arsebiTad sxvagvarimidgomaa saqarTvelos kanoniT`mosamarTleTa socialuri dasamarTlebrivi dacvis garantiebisSesaxeb~.`saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlosSesaxeb~ saqarTvelosorganuli kanonis me-40 muxlismeoTxe punqtis Sesabamisad,`sakvalifikacio atestaciisgauvleloba an misi uaryofiTiSedegi iwvevs uzenaesi sasamarTlosmosamarTlis uflebamosilebisvadamde Sewyvetas,saqarTvelos prezidentisa dasaqarTvelos parlamentis TanxmobisSemdeg. uzenaesi sasamarTlosmosamarTlebze varceldebaam kanonis 36-e muxliTgaTvaliswinebuli socialuridacvis garantiebi~.aRniSnuli normidan gamomdinare,am SemTxvevaSic, rocauzenaesi sasamarTlos mosamarTlesuflebamosileba vadamdeadre uwydeba sakvalifikacioatestaciis gauvlelobis anuaryofiTi Sedegis gamo, maseniSneba (miuxedavad imisa arisTu ara sapensio asakis) samisdReSiopensia sruli odenobiT.igive sakiTxi sruliadgansxvavebulad regulirdeba`saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos organuli kanonis82-e muxlis mesame punqtisSesabamisad `mosamarTlis uflebamosielbisvadis damTavrebisasan sapensio asakis miRwevisaseniSneba samisdReSio pensiaxelfasis sruli odenobiT~.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i44


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iamasTan am muxlis me-2 da me-3 punqtebi vrceldeba immosamarTleebze, romlebicTanamdebobaze dainiSnen `saerTosasamarTloebis Sesaxeb organulikanonis 46-49-e muxlebissafuZvelze~. aRniSnuli cxadyofs,rom raionuli (saolqo),da avtonomiuri respublikebisuzenaesi sasamarTlos mosamar-Tleebs, saqarTvelos uzenaesisasamarTlos mosamarTleebisagangansxvavebiT, uflebamosilebisvadis damTavrebisas an sapensioasakis miRwevisas eniSnebaT samisdReSiopensia xelfasis sruliodenobiT, mxolod maSin,roca maT Cabarebuli aqvTsakvalifikacio gamocda dadaniSnulebi arian sakonkursowesiT SerCevis safuZvelze.sxva danarCen SemTxvevaSisapensio asakis miRwevisas, pensiaeniSnebaT saerTo wesiT 14laris odenobiT. `saerTo sasamarTloebisSesaxeb saqarTvelosorganuli kanonis 54-emuxlis pirveli `m~ qvepunqtisada 861 muxlis me-4 punqtisSesabamisad, 1999 wlis 15maisidan Tanamdebobidan gaTavisufldnenTbilisis saqalaqoda raionis (qalaqis) sasamarTlosmosamarTleebi, ramdenadacsasamarTlo wyobilebisSecvlasTan dakavSirebiT, moxdazemoT aRniSnuli sasamarTloebislikvidacia da yofilmosamarTleebs, faqtobrivadwaerTvaT saSualeba, isargeblonkanoniT gansazRvruli socialurigarantiebiT, samarTlianiiqneboda xsenebuli cvlilebebismaTze gavrceleba, raTa qveyanaSi,sadac sasamarTloebi warmodgenilniarian erTian sasamarTlosistemaSi, dauSvebeliamosamarTleTa socialuri dacvissakiTxebis gadaWra ormagistandartiT. am xarvezebis gamosasworebladmizanSewoniladmigvaCnia, `saerTo sasamarTloebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelosorganuli kanonis 82-e muxlsdaematos me-5 punqti `mosamarTleTasocialuri da samarTlebrividacvis garantiebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisme-16 muxli Camoyalibdes axaliredaqciiT.kanonproeqti `birTvuli da radiaciuliusafrTxoebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebis Setanis Taobaze1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezikanonproeqtis miRebis aucileblobaganpirobebulia samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis me-6 muxlis `m~ qvepunqtiT.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebikanonproeqti warmoadegnssaqarTvelos kanonSi `birTvulida radiaciuli usafrTxoebisSesaxeb~ cvlilebebis Setanisproeqts.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miRebakanonproeqtiT axali struqturebisSeqmna an arsebulisgafarToeba da, Sesabamisad, saxelmwifoxarjebis zrda araris gaTvaliswinebuli.4. kanonproeqtis avtorikanonproeqtis avtoria _saqarTvelos garemosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.5. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.kanonproeqti `wiaRis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezikanonproeqtis miRebis aucileblobaganpirobebulia `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis me-6 muxlis `m~ qvepunqtiT.is agreTve nawilobriviTvaliswinebs cvlilebebswiaRis statusis da maszesaxelmwifo sakuTrebis uflebisdakonkretebis, wiaRiT sargeblobissamarTlebrivi normebisdaxvewis, agreTve kanonis stilisturadgamarTvis da Sinaarsobrivaddazustebis mizniT.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebikanonproeqti warmoadgenssaqarTvelos kanonSi `wiaRisSesaxeb~ cvlilebebis Setanisproeqts.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miRebakanonproeqtiT axali struqturisSeqmna an arsebulisgafarToeba da, Sesabamisad,saxelmwifo xarjebis zrda araris gaTvaliswinebuli.4. kanonproeqtis avtorikanonproeqtis avtoria saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.5. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i45


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `garemosdacviTi nebarTvis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis Taobaze~1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezi (kanonproeqtis miznebi)kanonproeqti SemuSavebulia`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSikanonebis _ proeqtebismomzadebis uzrunvelyofisada kanonSemoqmedebiTisaqmianobis Semdgomi srulyofisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelosprezidentis 2002 wlis30 ianvris #89 gankargulebis(ix. gankargulebiT damtkicebuli`2002 wels aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSimosamzadebeli kanonebisproeqtebis nusxa~ _punqti #110) da `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisa danebarTvis gacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis39-e muxlis `o~ qvepunqtisSesabamisad.kanonproeqtis miRebis Ziri-Tadi mizania im sakanonmdebloxarvezebis Sevseba, romlebicarsebobs saqarTvelos sakanonmdeblosferoSi.kanonproeqtis miRebis mizansaseve warmoadgens masSi damatebame-4 kategoriis saqmianobisCamonaTvalisa da `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisa da nebarTvisgacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis39-e muxlis `o~ qvepunqtiTgamowveuli damatebebi.2. kanonproeqtis ZiriTadidamaxasiaTebeli niSnebi (kanonproeqtisZiriTadi debulebisaxsna-ganmarteba)`garemosdacviTi nebarTvisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSiTandarTuli cvlilebebis dadamatebebis Setana gaaumjobesebssaqarTvelos sakanonmdeblobazas da xels Seuwyobs samewarmeosaqmianobis proeqtebisganviTarebas saqarTvelos mTelteritoriaze.kanonproeqti warmoadgenssakanonmdeblo normatiuliaqtis proeqts. igi Sedgeba 2muxlisagan da 16 punqtisagan.3. kanonproeqtis safinansoekonomikurigaangariSeba, rasacgamoiwvevs kanonproeqtis miRebakanonproeqtiT axali struqturisSeqmna an arsebulisgafarToeba da Sesabamisad saxelmwifoxarjebis zrda araris gaTvaliswinebuli.4. kanonproeqtis avtorikanonproeqtis avtoria saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.5. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.6. sakanonmdeblo iniciativakanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativis wesiTda `samewarmeo saqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemissafuZvlebis Sesaxeb~ saqar-Tvelos kanonis 39-e muxlis`o~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad.kanonproeqti `samewarmeo saqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemis safuZvlebis Sesaxeb~damatebisa da cvlilebis Setanis Sesaxeb1. kanonproeqtis miRebismizezisaqarTvelos kanonSi `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvebis gacemis safu-Zvlebis Sesaxeb~ damatebisa dacvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxebaucilebloba gamoiwvia iman,rom kanonproeqtis SemuSavebisperiodSi garemosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministrosmxridan dasabuTebuli argumentebismiuxedavad samuSao jgufma,romelic muSaobda kanonproeqtisSeqmnaze ar gaiTvaliswinasaministros dasabuTebulimoTxovna. mxolod kanonismiRebis Semdgom gaxda SesaZlebeliam muSa jgufTan garkveuliSeTanxmebis miRwevakanonis sam muxlSi cvlilebisSetanis Taobaze.2. kanonproeqtSi damatebisada cvlilebebis SesaxebsaqarTvelos kanonSi `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvebis gacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb~ damatebisa dacvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~me-3 muxlSi `z~ qvepunqtaddaematos `bunebrivi garemosdacva~, rameTu licenziisa danebarTvis gacemis principebidangamomdinare moqmedi kriteriumebis,moTxovnebis, pirobebisada wesebis safuZveliunda iyos bunebrivi garemosdacva.cvlilebebi kanonis me-6muxlis `f~ qvepunqtTan dame-19 muxlis `o.v.~ qvepunqtTandakavSirebiT Semogvaqvs Semdegigaremoebebis gamo:`samewarmeo saqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvebis gacemissafuZvlebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis me-6 muxlis`f~ qvepunqtiT dadgenil iqnalicenziis axali saxeoba`garemoze zemoqmedebis SefasebiTisaqmianoba~. saqarTvelosgaremosdacviTi kanonmdebloba,garemoze zemoqmedebis SefasebiTsaqmianobaze licenzirebas ariTvaliswinebs `garemosdacviTinebarTvis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonis Tanaxmad, garemozezemoqmedebis Sefaseba warmoadgensI kategoriis saqmianobazegaremosdacviTi nebarTvis gacemisaucilebel Semadgenel nawils.garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebasp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i46


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iaxorcielebs investori, xolomisi procedurebi gansazRvrulia`garemosdacviTi nebarTvisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonisIII TaviT. garemoze zemoqmedebisSefasebis dokumentis warmodgenisSemdeg, garemosa dabunebrivi resursebis dacvissaministros mier tardebasaxelmwifo ekologiuri eqspertiza`saxelmwifo ekologiurieqspertizis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoniT dadgenili wesiT.garemoze zemoqmedebis SefasebisSedgenis wess da proceduraskanonmdebloba sakmaod mkafiodaregulirebs da araviTarmniSvnelobas ar warmoadgens.am dokumentacias Seadgens Tavadinvestori Tu mis mier daqiravebulisakonsultacio firma.amdenad saqarTvelos kanoni`garemosdacviTi nebarTvisSesaxeb~ ukve aregulrebsgaremoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebisdokumentaciis Sedgenisa dawarmodgenis procedurebs. aqedangamomdinare, miuRebeli daarasworia garemoze zemoqmedebiTsaqmianobaze damatebiTi licenziisSemoReba.aseve aramarTebulia kanonisme-19 muxlis 1 punqtis `o.v.~qvepunqtis Canaweri, romlisTanaxmadac, arasaxifaTo nar-Cenebis importsa da tranzitisnebarTvas gascems saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebrivi resursebisdacvis saministro. er-Tis mxriv alogikuria, rodesacsaministros vaniWebT nebarTvisgacemis uflebas arasaxifaTonarCenebis importsa da tranzitzeda amasTan, saxifaTonarCenebis sfero kanoniTdaregulirebuli ar aris.1989 wels saqarTvelo SeuerTda`saxifaTo narCenebistransasazRvro gadazidvisa damaT ganTavsebaze kontrolisSesaxeb~ saerTaSoriso konvencias.`bazelis konvenciis~ danarTi-1 _ (kontrolirebadi narCenebiskategoriebi, narCenebis nakadi)ukve gansazRvravs arasaxifaTonarCenebis kategoriebs (n 17punqti), transasazRvro gadazidvebi(tranziti, eqsporti,importi) regulirdeba aRniSnulikonvenciis paragrafi6-is me-2 da me-3 punqtebSimocemuli procedurebiT. `bazeliskonvencia~, romelicuSualod aregulirebs importsada tranzits aseT saqmianobazearc licenziis daarc nebarTvis gacemis aucileblobasar iTvaliswinebs.3. im Sedegebis safinansoekonomikuridaangariSeba, romelsacgamoiwvevs kanonisproeqtis miRebadamatebiTi saxelmwifo struqturebisSeqmna da, Sesabamisad,saxelmwifo biujetis xarjviTinawilis gazrda gaTvaliswinebuliar aris.4. kanonproeqtis avtori(avtorebi)kanonproeqtis avtoria saqar-Tvelos garemosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.5. kanonproeqtis warmdgenikanonproeqtis warmdgenia saqarTvelosgaremosa da bunebriviresursebis dacvis saministro.kanonproeqti `ganaTlebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~mimdinare wels Ss saministrosmonacemebiT aRricxvazeimyofeba daaxloebiT 2000asocialuri qcevis bavSvi,romlebic cxovrebis umetesnawils quCaSi atareben.aRniSnul viTarebas amZimebsukanaskneli sami wlis manZilzezogadsaganmanaTleblo skolebidan5 aTasamde bavSvisganTesva. bavSvebSi marTlsawinaaRmdegoqmedebebis raodenobiszrdis winaaRmdegbrZolaSi gansakuTrebuli rolieniWeba devianturi qcevisbavSvTa mimarT skolebis damokidebulebas.arsebuli praqtikisTanaxmad, skolebi naklebadinteresdebian sxvadasxva mizezTagamo skolas TavsminebebulibavSvebis bediT da xSirSemTxvevaSi moswavlis dakavebisTaobaze policiidan misuliSetyobinebis Semdeg, bavSviubralod skolidan iricxeba.bavSvis uflebebis konvenciamonawile saxelmwifoebs avaldebulebsmiiRon aucilebelizomebi skolebSi regularulidaswrebis xelSesawyobad daskolidan ganTesil moswavleTaricxvis Sesamcireblad. mocemulikanonproeqti sworedam mizans emsaxureba. proeqtisTanaxmad, 41-e muxlis mesamenawils emateba debuleba, romlisTanaxmadac, akrZaluliabavSvis garicxva zogadsaganmana-Tleblo skolebidan sabazoganaTlebis miRebamde.bavSvis uflebebis konvenciisTanaxmad, monawile saxelmwifoebiyvela aucilebel zomas mimarTavensaskolo disciplinisdacvis im meTodebiT uzrunvelsayofad,romelic bavSvisadamianuri Rirsebis pativiscemasada winamdebare konvenciasefuZneba.saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobaganaTlebis Sesaxeb ar Seicavsim sakanonmdeblo normebs, romlebicerTis mxriv moawesrigebdasaskolo disciplinas,xolo meores mxriv ki uzrunvelyofdaam discipliniTgaTvaliswinebuli bavSvis adamianuriRirsebisa da pativisdacvas.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxlismeore punqtiT gaTvaliswinebulicvlileba saganmanaTleblodawesebulebis muSakebsavaldebulebs skolaSi disciplinadaicvan bavSvis RirsebispativiscemiT.warmodgenili kanonproeqtismiReba ar iwvevs safinansoekonomikurcvlilebebs.kanonproeqti momzadda saqar-Tvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebismSeneblobis komitetismier.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i47


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos parlamentis 1994wlis 21 aprilis dadgenilebiTsaqarTvelo miuerTda bavSvisuflebebis dacvis konvencias,romlis Tanaxmadac xelisuflebamqveynis kanonmdeblobis konvenciisnormebTan SesabamisobaSimoyvanis valdebuleba aiRo.saqarTvelos parlamentma bav-Svis uflebebis konvenciis debulebaTaSesabamisad uzrunvelyosaqarTvelos Sromis kanonTakodeqsis nakisr saerTaSorisosamarTlebriv valdebulebebTanSesabamisobaSi moyvana.zeganakveTur samuSaoebze,RamiT da dasvenebis dReebSi18 wels miuRwevel pirTadasaqmeba, mZime, mavne ansaSiSpirobebian miwisqveSa samuSaoebzeda iseTi simZimeebisgadatana da gadaadgileba,romlebic aRemateba arasrulwlovanTaTvisdadgenil zRvrulnormebs, moqmedi kodeqsiTikrZaleba. miuxedavad amisa,aRniSnuli saxis samuSaoebSiCarTul bavSvTa raodenobasaqarTveloSi TvalsaCinoa.amgvar SemTxvevaSi ZalzedmniSvnelovania sanqciebis dawesebakerZo seqtoris warmomadgeneldamsaqmebelTa mimarT.janmrTelobisaTvis zianis momtansamuSaoebze bavSvTa `dasaqmebis~ganxorcieleba Tavad bavSvebis,maTi mSoblebisa Tu sxvakanonieri warmomadgenlebis Tanxmobisada Txovnis safuZvelzeSemamsubuqebel garemoebad vergamodgeba.. amave dros, administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTakodeqsi ar iTvaliswinebs arasrulwlovanTaSromiTi uflebebisdarRvevisaTvis pasuxismgeblobisdakisrebas.warmodgenili kanonproeqtiTadministraciul samarTaldar-RvevaTa kodeqss emateba 424-emuxli, romelic arasrulwlovanTaSromiTi uflebebisSesaxeb Sromis kanonmdeblobiTdadgenili wesis darRvevisasdamsaqmeblis dajarimebas iTvaliswinebsSromis anazRaurebisoras minimalur odenobamde.konvenciis monawile saxelmwifoebivaldebulni arian bav-Svis mSoblebis, kanonieri meurveebisaan bavSvebze mzrunvelinebismieri sxva piris mxridanyvela formis fizikuri Tufsiqologiuri Zaladobisagan,Seuracxyofisa Tu borotadgamoyenebisagan. mzrunvelobismoklebisa Tu daudevari mopyrobisagan.uxeSi moqcevisaTu eqspluataciisagan dacvismizniT miiRon yvela aucilebelisakanonmdeblo, administraciuli,socialuri dasaganmanaTleblo zomebi.administraciul samarTaldar-RvevaTa kodeqsis 172-e muxlispirveli nawiliT mSoblebisan maTi Semcvleli pirebismier maTze dakisrebuli movaleobebisSeusruleblobisaTvisgaTvaliswinebulia pasuxismgebloba.warmodgenil kanonproeqtSikodeqsis 172-e muxlisaTvis mesamenawilis damateba moqalaqeebsavaldebulebs, Seatyobinonmeurveobisa da mzrunvelobisorganoebs mSobelTa mierarasrulwlovani Svilebis aRzrdisada swavlebis movaleobaTaborotad SeusruleblobismaTTvis cnobili faqtebis Sesaxebda awesebs jarimas SromisanazRaurebis 10 minimaluriodenobiT.kanonproeqti momzadda saqar-Tvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebismSeneblobis komitetismier.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos samoqalaqosaproceso kodeqsSi~ damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~samoqalaqo kodeqsSi damatebisSetana iwvevs Sesabamis cvlilebebssamoqalaqo saprocesokodeqsSi, romlebic azustebenarasrulwlovanTa samoqalaqoprocesualuruflebebs mimar-Ton sasamarTlos 14 wlisasakidan kanoniT gaTvaliswinebulSemTxvevebSi: mSobelTa(maT Semcvlel pirTa) mxridanmaTi uflebamosilebis borotadgamoyenebis winaaRmdeg. bavSviskanonieri interesebisa dauflebebis darRvevisas, asevedamqiravebelTa winaaRmdeg SromiskanonmdeblobiT gaTvaliswinebuliarasrulwlovanTauflebebis darRvevis SemTxvevaSi.kanonis proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliaarasrulwlovani mosarCelisgaTavisufleba saxelmwifossasargeblod sasamarTloxarjebis gadaxdisagan.warmodgenili kanonproeqtismiReba ar iwvevs safinansoekonomikurcvlilebebs.kanonproeqti momzadda saqar-Tvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebismSeneblobis komitetismier.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i48


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T ikanonproeqti `reklamis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~bavSvis uflebebis dacviskonvenciis monawile saxelmwifoebivaldebulebas kisrulobenseqsualuri eqspluataciisa daseqsualuri cdunebis yvelaformisagan daicvan bavSvi.saqarTvelos kanoni `reklamisSesaxeb~ reklamis warmoebis,ganTavsebisa da gavrcelebisdros arasrulwlovanTa dacvasnawilobriv iTvaliswinebs. amas-Tan erTad, kanoni ar krZalavsmasobrivi informaciis saSualebebisgamoyenebas fasiani seqsualurimomsaxurebis reklamirebisasda ar awesebs `reklamisseqsualizaciis~ dauSveblobas.`reklamis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis Sesaxeb~ kanonproeqtiiTvaliswinebs seqsualurixasiaTis produqciisreklamirebisa da aseTi produqciisradioTi, televiziisada Jurnal-gazeTebis saSualebebiTakrZalvas. kanonproeqtismiRebis SemTxvevaSi, agreTveaikrZaleba seqsualuri xasiaTisproduqciis gavrceleba radiosada televiziis saSualebiT,gazeTebis kabadonebze, Jurnalebisgarekanze.kanonproeqtis pirveli muxlispirvel nawilSi mocemuliaseqsualuri xasiaTis produqciisreklamis definicia.kanonproeqti momzadda saqar-Tvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebismSeneblobis komitetismier.kanonproeqti `policiis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi damatebis Setanis Taobaze~ukanasknel wlebSi kanonTankonfliqtSi myof bavSvTa raodenobammkveTrad imata. 2002wlis pirvel naxevarSi Ssadgilobrivi organoebis miergamovlenil iqna 3473 samarTaldamrRvevimozardi, xolo Sssaministros arasrulwlovanTamiRebis, profilaqtikisa daorientaciis centrSi moTavsebuliqna 355 mozardi.umravlesoba mozardebisa dawesebulebaSimoTavsebul iqnaganmeorebiT, rac cxadyofs SssammarTveloebis (ganyofilebebis)mier mmarTvelobis adgilobrivorganoebTan moqmed arasrulwlovanTasaqmeebis komisiebisSesaZleblobebis araefeqturgamoyenebas, arasrulwlovanTaSoris araadeqvaturi qcevisaRkveTa-acilebis mizniT.policiis Sesaxeb kanonisme-8 muxlis `R~ punqtis Tanaxmad,policiis movaleobaa sxvasaxelmwifo organoebTan dasazogadoebriv organizaciebTanerTad monawileoba miiRosmawanwalobasa da bavSvTa umeTvalyureobisTavidan acilebaSi.kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad, policiasagreTve ekisreba arasrulwlovanTadamnaSaveobis profilaqtika.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqosazogadoebis mSeneblobis komitetismier.kanonproeqti `saqarTvelos samoqalaqokodeqsSi damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~bavSvis uflebebis konvencias-Tan mierTebis Sesaxeb saqar-Tvelos parlamentis 1994 wlis21 aprilis dadgenilebiT saxelmwifomqveynis kanonmdeblobiskonvenciis normebTan SesabamisobaSimoyvanis valdebuleba aiRo.konvencia avaldebulebs monawilesaxelmwifoebs miiRonyvela aucilebeli sakanonmdeblo,administraciuli, socialurida saganmanaTleblo zomebibavSvis mSoblebis, kanonierimeurveebisa an bavSvze mzrunvelinebismieri sxva pirismxridan yvela formis fizikuriTu fsiqologiuri Zaladobisagan.Seuracxyofisa Tu borotadgamoyenebisagan, mzrunvelobismokvlevisa Tu daudevarimopyrobisagan, uxeSi moqcevisaTu eqspluataciisagan(seqsualuri borotebis CaTvliT)dacvis mizniT.Cveni sazogadoebrivi mentalitetida tradiciebi, mSoblebisanda maTi Semcvleli pirebismxridan TiTqos da imTaviTvegamoricxavs bavSvis seqsualuran sxva saxis eqspluataciasada Zaladobas. samwuxarod, bav-Svis damcirebis, abuCad agdebis,fizikuri da fsiqologiuriZaladobis sxva gamovlinebebisfaqtebi, ojaxur garemoSiacki, realobaa da saWiroebsmkacr samarTlebriv reglamentacias.SeiZleba swored zemoaRniSnulimizezebis gamo, saqarTvelossamoqalaqo kanonmdeblobaSiar arsebobs specialurinorma, romelic gansazRvravdabavSvis uflebas, mis mimarTmSoblebis Tu maszed mzrunvelisxva pirebis mxridangamovlenili Zaladobis, borotadmopyrobis an SeuracxyofisSemTxvevebSi, sakuTari interesebiTavad daicvas.samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1198-emuxlis Tanaxmad, mSoblebiTavisi arasrulwlovani Svilebiskanonieri warmomadgenlebip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i49


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iarian da gansakuTrebul rwmunebulebaTagareSe gamodianmaTi uflebebisa da interesebisdasacavad mesame pirebTanurTierTobaSi, maT Soris _sasamarTloSic. amave muxliTakrZalulia mSoblebis uflebisgamoyeneba Svilebis interesebissawinaaRmdegod. amave dros,ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli mSobelTamxridan uflebamosilebisborotad gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSiTviT bavSvebisaTvis dacvisuflebis miniWeba.kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad samoqalaqokodeqsis 1198-e muxlsemateba me-4 punqti, romlisTanaxmadac bavSvs eniWeba ufleba,damoukideblad mimarTosmeurveobisa da mzrunvelobisorganoebs 14 wlis asakismiRwevidan ki _ sasamarTlosmSobelTa (maTi Semcvlel pirTa)mxridan misi kanonieri interesebisada uflebebis darRvevisas.amave dros, proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebulidebuleba avaldebulebsorganizaciaTa Tanamdebobispirebs an sxva moqalaqeebs,romelTaTvisac cnobiligaxdeba bavSvis uflebebisada kanonieri interesebis dar-Rvevis SemTxvevebi, Seatyobinonmeurveobisa da mzrunvelobisorganoebs bavSvis faqtobriviadgilsamyofelis mixedviT,romlebic amgvari SetyobinebismiRebisTanave valdebulni arian,bavSvis uflebebisa da kanonieriinteresebis dasacavad miiRonaucilebeli zomebi.warmodgenili kanonproeqtismiReba ar iwvevs safinansoekonomikurcvlilebebs.kanonproeqti momzadda saqar-Tvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqosazogadoebis mSeneblobis komitetismier.kanonproeqti `sisxlis samarTlis saprocesokodeqsSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobasaerTaSoriso samarTlebriv normebTanarsebiTad SesabamisobaSiamoyvanili. miuxedavad amisa,arsebobs garkveuli xarvezebi,romelTa aRmofxvrac xelsSeuwyobs kanonTan konfliqtSimyof arasrulwlovnebTan mopyrobisminimaluri standartuliwesebis srulyofas.sisxlis samarTlis procesismonawile arasrulwlovnebs esa-WiroebaT gansakuTrebuli dacvada zrunva, rac ganpirobebuliamaTi daucvelobiT.saerTaSoriso dokumentebSi,gansakuTrebiT, `arasrulwlovanTasamarTlis administraciisgaero-s standartul minimalurwesebSi~ (`pekinis wesebi~) gamokveTiliaarasrulwlovanTamimarT gansakuTrebul proceduraTaSemuSavebis aucilebloba.arasrulwlovanTa saqmeebzekonfidencialurobis uzrunvelyofasaerTaSoriso standartebiserT-erT moTxovnas warmoadgens.saqarTvelos kanonmdebloba aRniSnuluflebasTan dakavSirebiTsocialur normebs srulimoculobiT ar iTvaliswinebs.sisxlis samarTlis saprocesokodeqsis Tanaxmad, sasamarTloprocesi Riaa, garda me-16muxlSi gaTvaliswinebuli zogierTiSemTxvevisa, aseT Sem-TxvevaTa ricxvs ganekuTvneba16 wlamde arasrulwlovanissaqmeebis ganxilva. warmodgenilikanonproeqtiT me-16 muxlSiSedis cvlileba, romlis Tanaxmadac,aRniSnuli debulebavrceldeba yvela arasrulwlovanze.saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlissaproceso kodeqsis 28-emuxlis pirveli nawilis `l~qvepunqtis Sesabamisad, pirissisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobisagangaTavisuflebis erTerTsafuZvels dazaralebulTanSerigeba warmoadgens. dazaralebulTanSerigebis gamo sisxlissamarTlebrivipasuxismgeblobisagangaTavisufleba SesaZlebeliaim SemTxvevaSi, Tupirma pirvelad Caidina dana-Sauli, romlisTvisac sisxlissamarTlis kodeqsis kerZo nawilismuxliT an muxlisnawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli maqsimalurisasjeli ar aRematebasami wliT Tavisuflebis aRkveTas.aRniSnuli muxliT dadgenilipirobebi vrceldebaaseve arasrulwlovanze.warmodgenili proeqti miznadisaxavs arasrulwlovanTan mimar-TebaSi sisxlis samarTlis kanonmdeblobishumanizacias, risSedegadac SesaZlebeli gaxdebaarasrulwlovanis gamosworebasasjelis gareSe da Tavidaniqneba acilebuli TavisuflebisaRkveTis adgilebSi SesaZlomoTavsebiT gamowveuli negatiuriSedegebi.kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad, cvlilebaSedis kodeqsis 28-e muxlispirveli nawilis `l~ qvepunqtSi.cvlilebis Sesabamisad,sisxlis samarTlis saqme arSeiZleba aRiZras, xolo aRZruliunda Sewydes, Tu arasrulwlovanmapirvelad Caidinanaklebad mZime danaSauli daSeurigda dazaralebuls.`patimrobis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanoni iTvaliswinebsarasrulwlovani msjavrdebulebisaTvisganaTlebis micemisvaldebulebas. Tumca, aRniSnulidebuleba ar vrceldeba winaswarpatimrobaSi myof pirebze,rac araTanabar pirobebSi ayenebsbraldebul pirebs `pekiniswesebisa~ da gaerTianebulierebis organizaciis TavisuflebaaRkveTilarasrulwlovnebTanmopyrobis wesebis Sesabamisad.winaswar patimrobaSi myofarasrulwlovanebs unda gaaCndeTganaTlebis an profesiulimomzadebis miRebis SesaZlebloba.aqedan gamomdinare, sisxlissamarTlis saproceso kodeqsis136-e muxlSi gaTvaliswinebuliacvlilebebis Setana, romlisTanaxmadac arasrulwlovan braldebulsmiecema ufleba daSesaZlebloba, zogadsaganmana-Tleblo skolis programiTmiiRos zogadi ganaTleba.saerTaSoriso dokumentebSidafiqsirebuli ZiriTadi principisTanaxmad, sasamarTlomdearasrulwlovanis mimarT winaswaripatimroba unda gamoiyenebodesmxolod rogorc ukiduresizoma da igi gamoyenebulunda iqnes rac SeiZleba naklebiperiodis ganmavlobaSi.kodeqsis 159-e muxlis mesamep a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i50


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T inawilSi proeqtiT gaTvaliswinebuliacvlilebis Setana,romlis Tanaxmadac, aRkveTisRonisZiebad dapatimreba, rogorcwesi, arasrulwlovanebismimarT ar gamoiyeneba. analogiuriSinaarsis cvlileba Sedis652-e muxlis pirvel nawilSi,romlis Tanaxmadac, arasrulwlovanismimarT dapatimrebaaRkveTis RonisZiebad gamoiyeneba,rogorc ukiduresi zoma, rocamas bralad edeba danaSauli,romelic iTvaliswinebs TavisuflebisaRkveTas 5 welze metivadiT, sxva aRkveTis RonisZiebaki ver uzrunvelyofs braldebulissaTanado qcevas.kanonis proeqtiT 306-emuxlis pirvel nawilSi amoRebuliqnas sityvebi `asakismiuxedavad~. amave muxlis me-2nawilSi gaTvaliswinebuliacvlilebis Setana, romlisTanaxmadac, 18 wlis asakamdearasrulwlovani mowme undadaikiTxos pedagogisa an arasrulwlovaniskanonieri warmomadgenlisdaswrebiT.saerTaSoriso standartebidanda arasrulwlovanTa gansakuTrebulimdgomareobidan gamomdinare,ar aris marTebuli,rom arasrulwlovanis dakiTxvazekanonieri warmomadgenlis,pedagogis an fsiqologis daswrebadamokidebulia gamomZieblisan prokuroris Sexedulebasada Tanxmobaze, gardakanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli SemTxvevebisa.sisxlis samarTlis saprocesokodeqsis 644-e da 648-e muxlebisTanaxmad, arasrulwlovanieWvmitanilis an braldebulisdakiTxvebSi dasaSvebia kanonieriwarmomadgenlis da pedagogismonawileoba, anu, gamomZiebelmaan prokurorma Tavisi Sexedulebisamebrunda gadawyvitonaRniSnuli sakiTxi, riTac Sei-Zleba Seilaxos arasrulwlovanisuflebebi misi asakisada fsiqologiuri moumwifeblobisgamo. mocemuli muxlebisdebulebebi ewinaaRmdegeba amavekodeqsis 311-e muxlis me-13nawilsa da 647-e muxlis me-2 nawils, romelTa Tanaxmadac,arasrulwlovani eWvmitanilisada braldebulis dakiTxvasaucileblad unda eswrebodespedagogi an kanonieri warmomadgeneli,xolo 648-e muxlissaTauridan da dispoziciidanamoRebuli iqnas sityvebi`pedagogis an~, `pedagogi an~da `pedagogs an~.saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlissaproceso kodeqsis Tanaxmad,patimris monaxulebaSesaZlebelia mxolod advokatismier. kodeqsi ar Seicavs arcerT muxls, romelic ojaxiswevrs an sxvas mianiWebsdakavebulTan Sexvedris uflebas.amgvari viziti SesaZlebeliamxolod saqmis mwarmoebeligamomZieblis nebarTviTa dasakmao iSviaTobas warmoadgens.faqtobrivad, damcveli ariserTaderTi piri, romelsacufleba aqvs Sexvdes patimars.braldebuli, romelic udana-Saulobis prezumfciiT sargeblobs,damnaSaved cnobil damsjavrdebul pirebTan SedarebiT,faqtobrivad, araTanabar mdgomareobaSiaCayenebuli. kanonSiarsebuli aRniSnuli xarveziaraerTxel gamxdara saerTaSorisoorganizaciebis kritikissagani. roca saubaria arasrulwlovanbraldebulebze, zemoaRniSnulisaWiroebs gansakuTrebiTfaqiz midgomas.kanonproeqtiT sisxlis samarTlissaproceso kodeqsis652-e muxls emateba mesamenawili, romelic adgens, winaswarpatimrobaSi myof arasrulwlovanebisaTvisojaxiswevrebis mier monaxulebisuflebis miniWebas. amasTanerTad, ojaxis wevrebsa dasxva pirebs unda mieceT ufleba,dakavebulTan Sexvedrazeuaris SemTxvevaSi, aRniSnuliuari gaasaCivron sasamarTloSi.saerTaSoriso dokumentebSi,kerZod, `arasrulwlovanTasamarTlis administraciis gaerosstandartul minimalurwesebSi~ (`pekinis wesebi~) gamokveTiliaarasrulwlovanTamimarT marTlmsajulebis calkesistemis Seqmnis, specialurisasamarTloebisa da gansakuTrebuliprocedurebis SemuSavebisaucilebloba.iuvenaluri iusticiis institutisdamkvidreba, romlisaucilebel da umTavres komponentsarasrulwlovanTa saqmeebisspecialuri sasamarTloebisSeqmna warmoadgens, sasurveliasaqarTveloSic, Tumcagardamaval etapze mizanSewoniliaarasrulwlovan gansasjelTasaqmeebis gansaxilveladspecializirebul mosamarTleTamomzadeba.sisxlis samarTlis saprocesokodeqsis 654-e muxlSi miTi-Tebulia, rom arasrulwlovanisdanaSaulis Sesaxeb saqmissasamarTlo ganxilvas awarmoebenmosamarTleebi, romlebsac,rogorc wesi, pedagogikasa dafsiqologiaSi gavlili aqvTspecialuri momzadeba. fraza`rogorc wesi~, uSvebs Sesa-Zleblobas, rom aseTi tipissaqmeebi ganxilul iqnas specialuradmoumzadebeli mosamarTlismier. amitom is amo-Rebul unda iqnas. ris Sedegadacarasrulwlovanis saqmissasamarTlo ganxilvas atarebenmxolod is mosamarTleebi, romlebsacgavlili aqvT specialurimomzadeba.kanonis proeqtiT 657-e muxlSigaTvaliswinebulia cvlilebisSetana. romelic sasamarTlosavaldebulebs arasrulwlovanTasaqmeebis komisiasan inspeqcias saqmis ganxilvisdro da adgili acnobos.kanonproeqti momzadebuliasaqarTvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebismSeneblobis komitetismier.kanonproeqti `sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsSicvlilebebisa da damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos parlamentis 1994wlis 21 aprilis dadgenilebiTsaqarTvelo miuerTda bavSvisuflebebis dacvis konvencias,romlis Tanaxmad xelisuflebamqveynis kanonmdeblobis konvenciisnormebTan SesabamisobaSimoyvanis valdebuleba aiRo.sisxlis samarTlis procesSimonawile arasrulwlovanebisaWiroeben gansakuTrebul dacvasada zrunvas, rac ganpirobebuliamaTi daucvelobiT.kanonTan konfliqtSi myof bav-SvTa socializaciis mizniT,aucilebelia maTi kavSirebisSenarCuneba sazogadoebasTan.Sesabamisad, sisxlis samarTliskodeqsSi Setanil iqneba cvlileba48-e muxlis me-4 nawilSi,p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i51


g a n m a r t e b i T i b a r a T iromlis Tanaxmadac, tusaRoba,romelic sazogadoebisagan mkacrizolacias niSnavs, ar iqnebagamoyenebuli arasrulwlovanTamimarT. aseve amoRebuli undaiqnas 82-e muxlis `e~ punqtida 87-e muxli. aRniSnulicvlilebis moxdena uprianiaimiTac, rom sasamarTloebismier sasjelis es saxe jerarc erT arasrulwlovans arSefardebia, iusticiis saministrossatusaRoSi arasrulwlovanimoTavsebuli arasodesar yofila.saqarTvelos sisxlis samar-Tlis kodeqsis 69-e muxlisSesabamisad, piris sisxlissamarTlebrivipasuxismgeblobisagangaTavisuflebis erT-erT safuZvelswarmoadgens dazaralebulTanSerigeba. dazaralebulTanSerigebis gamo sisxlissamarTlebrivipasuxismgeblobisagangaTavisufleba SesaZlebeliaim SemTxvevaSi, Tu pirmapirvelad Caidina danaSauli,risTvisac sisxlis samarTliskodeqsis kerZo nawilis muxliTan muxlis nawiliT gaTvaliswinebulimaqsimaluri sasjeliar aRemateba sami wliTTavisuflebis aRkveTas. aRniSnulimuxliT dadgenili pirobebivrceldeba aseve arasrulwlovanzedac.warmodgenili proeqti miznadisaxavs sisxlis samarTliskanonmdeblobis humanizaciasarasrulwlovanTan mimarTebaSi,raTa maqsimalurad SesaZlebeligaxdes sasjelis gareSe arasrulwlovanisgamosworeba daTavidan iqnas acilebuli arasrulwlovanisTavisuflebisaRkveTis adgilebSi moTavsebiTgamowveuli SesaZlo negatiuriSedegebi. proeqtis Tanaxmad,sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsisXVII Tavs emateba 891-e muxli,romelic dazaralebulTanSerigebis gamo arasrulwlovanissisxlissamarTlebrivi gaTavisuflebispirobad adgens mismier naklebad mZime danaSaulispirvelad Cadenis SemTxvevas,anu im danaSaulisas, romlisTvisacsisxlis samarTliskodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebulimaqsimaluri sasjeli ar aRematebaxuTi wliT TavisuflebisaRkveTas.sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis109-e, 125-e da 150-e muxlebsemateba debulebebi, romelTaTanaxmadac, am muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebulidanaSaulis CadenaarasrulwlovanTa mimarT damam-Zimebel garemoebas warmoadgens.konvenciis monawile saxelmwifoebibavSvis seqsualurieqspluataciisa da seqsualuricdunebis yvela formisagandacvis mizniT, valdebulniarian, miiRon aucilebelisakanonmdeblo, administraciuli,socialuri da saganmanaTleblozomebi.Cveni sazogadoebrivi mentalitetida tradiciebi TiTqosda imTaviTve gamoricxavs bavSvisseqsualur eqspluatacias anZaladobas. magram arsebulirealoba mkacr samarTlebrivreglamentacias saWiroebs.sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsi,rogorc wesi, makvalificirebelgaremoebad miiCnevs arasrulwlovanismimarT Cadenil dana-Sauls sqesobrivi Tavisuflebisada xelSeuxeblobis sferoSida adgens gaZlierebul pasuxismgeblobasmisi Camdeni pirismimarT, Tumca garkveuli xarvezebisarseboba xels uSlisam problemasTan brZolissrulyofilad warmoebas.kanonproeqtiT cvlilebaSedis kodeqsis 139-e muxlSi,romlis Tanaxmadac, muxliTgaTvaliswinebuli qmedeba arasrulwlovanismimarT damam-Zimebel garemoebas warmoadgensda isjeba gamasworebeli samu-SaoTi vadiT or wlamde,anda Tavisuflebis aRkveTiTvadiT sam wlamde.msoflioSi gavrcelebulipraqtikis mixedviT, kanonmdebelimkafio zRvars avlebs prostituciaSisrulwlovanisa daarasrulwlovanis Cabmas Soris.saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsi ki, rogorc arasrulwlovanisprostituciaSi CabmisaTvis(171-e muxli), asevesrulwlovanis mimarT Cadeniliimave qmedebisaTvis (253-e muxli)Tavisuflebis aRkveTas gansaz-Rvravs erTnairi vadiT. arasrulwlovanTaprostituciaSi CabmaSeiZleba moxdes ZaladobrivimeTodebis gamoyenebiT an ZaladobisgareSe, rac aucilebladunda iqnas gancalkevebulikanonSi. araZaladobriv meTodebsmiekuTvneba dapireba, rCeva,cduneba da a. S.Sesabamisad, kanonproeqtiTsisxlis samarTlis 171-e muxlSigaTvaliswinebulia cvlilebisSetana, romlis Tanaxmad, winaswariSecnobiT arasrulwlovanisdayolieba prostituciaSiCabmaze Zaladobis, muqarisan motyuebis gareSe, isjebaTavisuflebis aRkveTiT vadiT5 wlamde. analogiuri cvlilebisSetana gaTvaliswinebulia253-e muxlis meore nawilSi,romlis Tanaxmadac, winaswariSecnobiT arasrulwlovanis mimarTmuxlis pirveli nawiliTgaTvaliswinebuli qmedeba miiCnevadamamZimebel garemoebad.sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis254-e muxli iTvaliswinebspasuxismgeblobas prostituciisbinis mowyobis an SenaxvisaTvis.magram ar aris mocemuliprostituciis binis samarTlebriviganmarteba. kanonis proeqtiTmuxlSi Sedis cvlileba,romlis Tanaxmadac, prostituciisbinis mowyoba an Senaxvaganmartebulia rogorc prostituciuliqmedebebisaTvis adgilisan sacxovreblis gadacema.kodeqsi ar iTvaliswinebssisxlis samarTlis pasuxismgeblobasdamamZimebeli garemoskvalifikaciiT (ssk muxli 255)arasrulwlovanis pornografiulinawarmoebis, nabeWdi gamocemis,gamosaxulebis an pornografiulixasiaTis sxva sagnisukanonod damzadebaSi, gavrcelebaSi.reklamirebaSi anvaWrobaSi CabmisaTvis, bavSvisgamoyenebisTvis pornografiulmasalebSi. aseve ar arisgaTvaliswinebuli internetiTbavSvTa pornografiis gavrcelebisdasjadobac.kodeqss emateba 255 1 muxli,romelic iTvaliswinebs sisxlissamarTlebrivpasuxismgeblobasarasrulwlovanis pornografiiswarmoebis, nabeWdi gamocemis,gamosaxulebis an pornografiulixasiaTis sxva sagnisukanonod damzadebis, gavrcelebis,reklamirebis, an vaWrobaSiCabmisaTvis. arasrulwlovanispornografiul masalebSigamoyenebisaTvis da awesebsTavisuflebis aRkveTas vadiTxuT wlamde. amave dros mocemuliaarasrulwlovanTa pornografiisdefinicia.warmodgenili kanonproeqtismiReba ar iwvevs safinansoekonomikurcvlilebebs.kanonproeqti momzadda saqar-Tvelos parlamentis adamianisuflebebis dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebismSeneblobis komitetismier.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i52


S e n i S v n e b i s a T v i skanonproeqtTan dakavSirebuli SeniSvnebi SegiZliaTgaugzavnoT saqarTvelos parlaments(Tbilisi, rusTavelis 8)TavfurcelikanonproeqtisdasaxelebaSeniSvna #SeniSvnebisavtoriTavi,muxli,punqtiSeniSvnap a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i53


S e n i S v n e b i s a T v i skanonproeqtTan dakavSirebuli SeniSvnebi SegiZliaTgaugzavnoT saqarTvelos parlaments(Tbilisi, rusTavelis 8)TavfurcelikanonproeqtisdasaxelebaSeniSvna #SeniSvnebisavtoriTavi,muxli,punqtiSeniSvnap a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i54


S e n i S v n e b i s a T v i skanonproeqtTan dakavSirebuli SeniSvnebi SegiZliaTgaugzavnoT saqarTvelos parlaments(Tbilisi, rusTavelis 8)TavfurcelikanonproeqtisdasaxelebaSeniSvna #SeniSvnebisavtoriTavi,muxli,punqtiSeniSvnap a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i55


k o m e n t a r imTavaria, kanonmdebloba Sesruldesnana biWiaSvili -yavlaSvili- adamianis uflebaTadacvis, moqalaqeTa pe-ticiebisa da samoqalaqosazogadoebis mSeneblobiskomitetis Tavmjdomare.fraqcia `Tanad-goma~prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativiT Semovida kanonproeqti`sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSesaxeb~ da `administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTakodeqsSi damatebebis Taobaze~.am sakanonmdeblo iniciativiTqarTul sinamdvileSi danaSaulissruliad axali saxe _definicia gaCnda _ Trefiqingi!sityvac ucxoa da Sinaarsic_ adamianebiT vaWroba... dResTrefiqingi msoflioSi danaSauliserT-erT mZime saxeobaswarmoadgens da yvelaze metadpostsabWouri qveynebisTvisaadamaxasiaTebeli, Tumca msofliomasStabebiTac SeiZleba ganvixiloTigi. am mxriv gamonaklissarc saqarTvelo warmoadgens.yvelasaTvis cnobilma da gasagebmamizezebma, _ ekonomikurmamdgomareobam, dasaqmebis sistemismouwesrigeblobam, umuSevrobismaRalma donem, _ gamoiwviaCveni moqalaqeebis saqarTvelodangadineba _ legaluri Tuaralegaluri migraciis gziT.xSir SemTxvevaSi gahyavT motyuebiT,ZaladobiT da, faqtobrivad,monur mdgomareobaSiimyofebian _ warTmeuli aqvTpasportebi, ar aZleven ukandasabrunebel fuls da a. S.Cven qarTvelebs gvaqvs tradiciuli,daxuruli ojaxebi, TavisgasaWirs, nakls, sircxvilsvmalavT, Riad ar vlaparakobT,amitomac amaze inkognitod,gvar-saxelis dausaxeleblad,weren gazeTebSi.ramdenime wlis win televiziiTgadioda reklama, iyogancxadebebi, axla Sewyda _saagentoebi miyuCdnen. vinc aseTsaagentoebs endoba, gasaocariaam adamianTa gulubryviloba.gasagebia: isini gaWirvebamaiZula, magram erTmaneTis ayola,mibaZva viciT. Tundac sabankopiramidebTan dakavSirebulisaqmeebi gavixsenoT. gayidesyvelaferi, binebic ki, Cadesfuli da... damTavrda espiramidebi _ gamdidrdnen,gaiqcnen da datoves xalxixaxamSrali, yvelas SerCaTaRliToba da afiora. axlaaxali saxeoba damkvidrda _adamianebiT vaWroba. zemoT Cemmier CamoTvlilma mizezebmadRis wesrigSi daayena amsakiTxis win wamoweva _ amproblemis mosagvareblad gamokveTiliyomTavari mimarTuleba:kanonmdeblobiT mowesrigdes dadaisajos Zaladobis momxre _adamianebiT movaWre. Cvenikanonmdebloba TanxvedraSi _SesabamisobaSi unda iyos saer-TaSoriso kanonmdeblobasTan.Cven, jerjerobiT, saerTaSorisokonvenciasTan ara varT SeerTebuli(mravali mizezis, imaveafxazeTis sakiTxis gamo), amitomacmravali gaugebroba warmoiSva,gansakuTrebiT erovnulda rasobriv CagvrasTan dakav-SirebiT. TiTqos problemasgangeb vqmniT: es CvenTan arcaris da arc yofila! dResmarTlac asea, magram iqnebxval dagvWirdes?! Tundacerovnuli Rirsebisa da pativisSelaxva araa danaSauli? kanisferis, rasis, erovnebis, eTnikuriwarmomavlobis mixedviTmoskovSi ukve problemebia.saqarTveloSi _ ara, magramgaCndeba _ Semosvlis didisurvili aqvT. ra daSavdeba,iyos kanonmdebloba _ kanonmdeblobaSiSetanili iyosrasis, feris, erovnebis, eTnikuriniSniT adamianis uflebebisSeuzRudaoba. ori-samiwlis win sityva `Trefiqingic~ki ar vicodiT, Tavi romdavaneboT mis Sinaarss, adamianebiTvaWrobas warmovidgendiT?!ase rom, TadarigisdaWerasa da sifrTxiles Taviar stkiva...administraciul samarTaldar-RvevaTa kodeqsSic gaCndacvlilebebis Setanis aucilebloba.sisxlis samarTliskodeqss daemata axali _ `b~muxli: SezRuduli SesaZleblobismqone pirTa uflebebisSezRudva da masze reagireba:saTanado kanonis ZaliT, sasjelissxvadasxva formis gaTvaliswineba:dawyebuli jarimiT,damTavrebuli 3-5 wliT TavisuflebisaRkveTiT. es araris am kategoriis adamianebisuflebebis gafarToeba. SezRudvaisjeba _ farTovdeba maTiuflebebi. ra Tqma unda,konstituciasa da sakanonmdebloaqtebTan SesabamisobaSi. TviTam dokumentis Seqmnas safuZvelihqonda: poloneTi, SvedeTi,postsabWouri qveynebi, bevrisaerTaSoriso organizacia amsakiTxebze sagangebod muSaobs.aqedan gamomdinare, sisxlissamarTlis samarTaldarRveviskodeqsSi am muxlis damatebamSemoitana axali muxli _uflebis SezRudva. ra arisgaTvaliswinebuli? kanonmdeblobiTinvalidebisaTvis dadgeniliuflebebis Tavis aridebaze wesdebajarima, romelic TandaTangamkacrdeba da moemateba simZime.magaliTad, aproeqteben, aSenebenobieqtebs, sacxovrebel saxlebs,dawesebulebebs. ara aqvT eqskavatori,Tumca aseTi ramTviT parlamentis SenobaSicaraa gaTvaliswinebuli. am mxrivukve oTxi welia uSedegodibrZvis Cveni kolega gogikoxreiZe. roca es kanonproeqtikanonad iqceva, amieridan,ragind mSvenieri proeqti iyos,ar daamtkiceben, Tu es ariqneba gaTvaliswinebuli. kanoniTminiWebul uflebebze romelimeorganizaciis an piris mieruaris Tqma, daregulirdebakanoniT. me vfiqrob, es wingadadgmulinabijia da ariTxovs did xarjebs. mTavaria,sakanonmdeblo baza Seiqmnes,kanonmdebloba iyos srulyofilida Sesruldes.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i56


kanoni dadebiT rols SeasrulebsqveyanaSi TviTmmarTvelobisdamkvidrebisaTvisk o m e n t a r isaqarTveloSi adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobisa da mmarTvelobiskonceptualuri struqtura,mxolod eqvsiode wliswin Camoyalibda `adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis da mmarTvelobisSesaxeb~ organuli kanonismiRebis Semdeg (1997wlis oqtomberi). amiT namdviladwin gadaidga nabiji, magramgasulma periodma aCvena, romTviTmmarTvelobis damkvidrebisada gafarToebisaTvis saWiroiyo rogorc aRniSnuli kanonisdaxvewa, ise sxva normatiuliaqtebis miReba, romlebic uzrunvelyofdasakanonmdeblo bazisSeqmnas da TviTmmar-Tvelobis evropul qartiasTanSesabamisobaSi moyvanas.swored aRniSnulidan gamomdinare,2001 wlis 2 oqtombersparlamentis mier saqarTvelosorganul kanonSi `adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobisa da mmarTvelobisSesaxeb~ Setanil sxvacvlilebebTan erTad, dadginda,rom 2001 wlis 1 noembramdesaqarTvelos parlaments gansaxilveladwardgenoda kanonproeqtebi`adgilobrivi biujetisSesaxeb~, `transferebis gamoTanabrebismeqanizmisa da formulisSesaxeb~ da `adgilobrivi qonebisflobis, gankargvisa daam qonebiT sargeblobis wesisSesaxeb~. es swored is normatiuliaqtebia, romelTamixedviTac unda imuSaonTviTmmarTvelobis organoebma.rac Seexeba uSualod kanonproeqts,man adgilobrivi daevrokavSiris centrebis mxridanseriozuli eqspertiza gaiarada is upasuxebs, rogorcorganuli kanonis, aseve evroqartiismoTxovnebs.kanonproeqtiT adgilobriviqoneba, maTi daniSnulebisa damniSvnelobidan gamomdinare,dayofilia or kategoriad:ZiriTad (ganusxvisebel) qonebadda damatebiT qonebad. ZiriTadqonebas miekuTvneba adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis eqskluziurikompetenciis gansaxorcielebladarsebiTi materialuri safuZvelisobieqtebi, romelTa raimevaldebulebebiT datvirTvaakrZalulia. yvela sxva danarCeniobieqti miekuTvnadamatebiT qonebas, romelTaflobis, sargeblobisa dagankargvis wesi regulirdebasamoqalaqo kodeqsiT. proeqtismixedviT, damatebiTi qonebaa_ TviTmmarTveli erTeulisqoneba, romelic ar ganekuTvnebada ar warmoadgens ZiriTadiqonebis nawils (misi eqskluziurikompetenciis ganxorcielebisaTvis)adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelbisorganos mier SeiZlebagamoyenebul iqnes saqarTveloskanonmdeblobiT dadgeniliwesiT.qonebis kategoriebidan gamomdinare,kanonproeqtiT dawesebuliaam qonebis adgilobriviTviTmmarTveli erTeulisaTvisgadacemis gansxvavebuli wesi.ZiriTadi qoneba kanonis amoqmedebisTanavecxaddeba TviTmmar-Tveli erTeulis sakuTrebad.amasTan, im ZiriTadi qonebisgadacema, romelic emsaxurebaramodenime TviTmmarTvel er-Teuls, xdeba xelSekrulebissafuZvelze, raTa daculi iqnesTiToeuli TviTmmarTveli er-Teulis interesi. aseT SemTxvevaSies qoneba TviTmmarTvelerTeulebs gadaecema an saerTosakuTrebaSi, an urTierTSeTanxmebiTerT-erT maTgans.rac Seexeba damatebiTi qonebisgadacemas, kanonproeqtiTigi xdeba mxolod TviTmmarTvelobisorganos moTxovnissafuZvelze. amasTan, konkursiswesiT. saxelmwifo qonebisgasxvisebisas Tanabari pirobebisSemTxvevebSi TviTmmarTvel er-Teuls eZleva am qonebis upiratesiSesyidvis ufleba, impirobiT, Tu 2 wlis manZilzear moaxdens am qonebis privatizebas.kanonproeqtiT gansazRvruliaqonebis marTvis sferoSiadgilobrivi warmomadgenlobiTiorganos-sakrebulosa da misiaRmasrulebeli organos _ gamgeobis(meriis) konkretuliuflebamosilebebi: adgilobrivisakuTrebis uflebis dacvisnugzar navaZe _regionaluri politikisada TviTmmarTvelobis komitetisTavmjdomare. fraq-cia `socialisti~garantiebi da adgilobrivqonebaze sakuTrebis uflebisdarRvevis SemTxvevebSi adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis (mmarTvelobis)organoebis interesebissasamarTlo wesiT dacvisSesaZleblobebi.mniSvnelovania is, rom TviTmmarTvelierTeulis ZiriTadiqonebis kategoriebi da nusxaganisazRvreba saqarTvelosprezidentis brZanebulebiT, amavebrZanebulebiT adgilebze Seiqmnebakomisiebi gamgeblis (meris)TavmjdomareobiT, qonebis inventarizaciismizniT, romlisSemadgenlobaSi Seyvanili iqnebaraionSi Semavali yvela TviTmmarTvelierTeulis warmomadgeneli.swored am garemoebamunda Seqmnas TviTmmarTvelierTeulebis interesebis maqsimaluridacva, obieqturoba dasamarTlianoba.komitetis mosazrebiT ZiriTadiqonebis gadacemas win undauswrebdes davalianebis mqonegadasacemi obieqtebis valebisrestruqturizacia. winaaRmdegSemTxvevaSi, gamouval mdgomareobaSiaRmoCndebian TviTmmar-Tvelobis organoebi, radganTviTmmarTveli erTeulebisudidesi nawili ver SeZlebsaRniSnuli xarjebis gawevas.visac Sexeba aqvs adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis organoebismuSaobis specifikasTan dagaiazrebs am kanonis moTxovnebs,dagvemowmeba, rom igi dadebiTrols iTamaSebs qveyanaSi TviTmmarTvelobisdasamkvidreblad.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i57


k o m e n t a r ibeJan gonaSvili_agrarul sakiTxTa a ko-mitetis Tavmjdomarvmjdomare.fraqcia `Tanadgoma~.miwis gadasaxadTan dakavSirebiTsagadasaxado kodeqsisamJamindel variantSi CvenTvismiuRebeli cnebaa gaparuli:kanonproeqtSi am cvlilebis Setanaaucilebeliamiwis gadasaxadis gadamxdelebiarian miwis mesakuTre damoijare, es ewinaaRmdegebasamoqalaqo kodeqss. kodeqsisTanaxmad, moijare ixdis ijarisqiras da swored samoqalaqokodeqsTan Sesabamisad arisgaformebuli saijaro xelSekrulebebimiwebze. raionisgamgeobebi aformeben saijaroxelSekrulebebs _ ijarisqiras, aqedan gamomdinare,Cven vdgebiT faqtis winaSe:finansTa saministro iTxovs,moijarem yovelwliurad gadaixadosrogorc saijaro, asevemiwis gadasaxadi. gamodisrom miwis gadasaxadi ormagdebamosaxleobisaTvis, anumosaxleoba iZulebulia,gadaixados 48 lari saijaroqira da Tanxa miwis gadasaxadzec.rac, Cveni azriT,arasworia. amitomac vTvliTrom am sakanonmdeblo SesworebiTaRniSnuli xarvezigamoswordes da kanonSiformulireba Semdegi saxiTCaiweros: `moijare ixdis saijaroqiras, romelic Tavis-TavSi Seicavs miwis gadasaxads~.amJamad velodebiT finansTasaministrodan daskvnas, maTidaskvnis Semdeg ki sworedaseTi formulirebiT warvdgebiTparlamentis winaSe.gadawyvetilebas momavaliparlamenti miiRebs“samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciisSesaxeb” kanonproeqtTandakavSirebiT saqar-Tvelos parlamentSi debatebididi xania grZeldeba. jerkidev wina mowvevis parlamentSimsjelobdnen am sakiT-besik lagvilava _samoqalaqo integraci-is komitetisTavmjdo-mare. e. fraqcia - `afxa-zeTi~i~xze. mkveTrad gansxvavebulipoziciebi gamoikveTa jerkidev maSin. saqarTvelos moqalaqeTaTviserTgvarovanidokumentebis gacemas iTvaliswinebda,es Seexeba: dabadebismowmobas, piradobis damadasturebelsabuTs da pasports.eqvsi Tvis winaTroca es kanonproeqti saqar-Tvelos parlamentSi gadiodadasamtkiceblad, gamovedi sityviTda vTxove deputatebs,mxolod SeTanxmebebis SemTxvevaSigvemsjela, vTqvi, romkanonproeqti Sejerebasa dadaxvewas moiTxovda. daviwyeTkidec muSaoba: ori saerTa-Soriso konferencia moewyo,romelSic euTosa da evrosabWoswarmomadgenlebicmonawileobdnen. amis safuZvelzeSevimuSaveT forma,romelic saqarTvelos moqalaqeTaTviserTgvarovani dabadebismowmobis, piradobisdamadasturebeli sabuTisada pasportis gacemas iTvaliswinebda,xolo iusticiissaministroSi, sadacmoqalaqis dabadebis registraciatardeba, gakeTebuliyoCanaweri moqalaqis erovnuliwarmomavlobis Sesaxeb. asevegaviTvaliswineT afxazi erovnebismoqalaqeTa interesebi.iq, sadac weria moqalaqeoba,erovneba _ qarTveli, daematosCanaweri afxazTaTvis,_ afxazi.kanonproeqti “samoqalaqoaqtebis registraciis Sesaxeb”parlamentis mier pirvelimosmeniT miRebulia da igiar gamoricxavs im kanonproeqts,romelic Cven SeTanxmebebissafuZvelze miviReT.imeds vitovebT, rom momavaliparlamenti am sakiTxzekvlav imsjelebs da konkretulgadawyvetilebebs miiRebs.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i58


koreqtivebs cxovreba Seitans....k o m e n t a r idaculi teritoriebis struqtura,_ ierarqia _ undaemyarebodes garkveul sakanonmdeblobazas. daculi teritoriebisSesaxeb 1996 wels mivi-ReT CarCokanoni, romliTacgadawyda ZiriTadi sabazosakiTxebi: rogor unda Seiqmnasdaculi teritoriebi saqarTveloSi,ra kategoriisa undaiyos da a.S. es CarCokanoniukve iTxovda cvlilebas sxvadasxvasakanonmdeblo aqtSi,komunisturi periodisa iyoes, Tu momdevno xanisa. Car-CokanonSi siaxle iyo nacionaluriparkis Seqmnis idea.Tavisi statusiT nacionaluriparki gansxvavdeba nakrZalisagan,aRkveTilisagan, romlebic miRebuliiyo saqarTveloSic damTeli sabWoTa kavSiris teritoriazec.nakrZali aris yvelazemkacrad daculi teritoria,nacionaluri parki ufroliberaluri struqturaa. masSiSeiZleba iyos eqvsi sxvadasxvakategoriis zona maT Soris:nakrZali, vizitorTa zona,tradiciuli gamoyenebis zona,(sadac SenarCundeba tradiciuliformebi: Tevzaoba, nadiroba,xis Wra) da a.S. pirvelinacionaluri parki, romelicSeiqmna saqarTvelos teritoriaze,iyo borjom-xaragaulisa.igi ar efuZneboda parlamentisgadawyvetilebas. am pirveliparkis Seqmnisas imdeni problemawamoiWra, cxadi gaxda, romdanarCeni 7 parkis sakiTxiparlamentSi unda gadawyvetiliyo.baton eduard SevardnaZesekuTvnis idea. igidapirda kacobriobas, rom saqarTvelosteritoriis 20%erovnul parkebs daeTmoboda.zog qveyanaSi es maCvenebeliufro maRalic aris, magramCveni qveynis pirobebis gaTvaliswinebiTnamdvilad ar ariscota. erTi-ori parkis garda,danarCenebi mosaxleobis didisiWarbiT ar gamoirCeva, magramunikaluria. saqarTveloSi, miwisam patara monakveTze,praqtikulad 5-6 gansakuTrebulizona arsebobs. dRes imitomacufrTxildeba amas kacobrioba.Tundac, kolxeTis Warbtenianiteritoriebi aviRoT. kolxeTiserovnuli parki pirvelia,romelic parlamentis sakanonmdeblobazis safuZvelze Seiqmna.zogs ecineba kidec, raSigvWirdeba Waobis SenarCuneba,_ koRoebisTviso...?! Waobiekologiuri sistemaa, _ safuZveliyvela sxva bunebrivisistemisaTvis, aregulirebs miwistenianobas. igi SeiZleba gadaizardosmdeloebis an tyissistemad. kolxeTis Waobi qmniswylis resurs, im wylisbalanss, romelsac praqtikuladmTeli dasavleTi saqarTvelomoixmars. es Zalian rTuliprocesia. Waobis daSrobis momxreebitorfis sikeTes iSvelieben.resursebis gamoyenebis ideaCvenc CavdeT kanonproeqtSi,magram es ucabedi, moulodneliiniciativis safuZvelze arganxorcieldeba. kolxeTis erovnulparkSi pirveli nabijigadavdgiT mcire biznesis ganvi-Tarebis mizniT - marikulturebismoyvana-gavrceleba dafinansdagrantis meSveobiT. Tanxadidi ar iyo, magram saqmedaiZra. aRmosavleT saqarTveloSimcire biznesis dafinansebisTvisaxali parkebis daproeqtebisasmilion dolaramde movizideT.yvelaze mcire granti25 000 dolaria. es mindagaigos iqaurma mosaxleobam.swored isini dasaqmdebian amerovnuli parkebis teritoriazeganviTarebul mcire biznesSi,Tuki maT eqnebaT sainteresoidea. Cven marto parkebisSeqmnaze rodi vzrunavT, parkisSeqmniT iqauri mcxovreblebiar unda SeizRudon _ paraleluradraRac praqtikuli saqmeunda SevTavazoT mosaxleobas.kolxeTis erovnul parkTandakavSirebiT cota meti sirTuleebigvaqvs. guria-samegrelomWidrod dasaxlebuli regionebia.iqauri xalxi miCveulianadirobas, TevzWeras. paliastomistba TiTqmis yovelTvisnakrZali iyo, magram amas aravinaqcevda yuradRebas. ar gvinda,rom yvela brakonierad vaqcioT,amitom paliastomze davuSviTTevzaoba _ sportulic dasarewaoc, magram garkveulipirobebiT. qarTveli kaci gonieria,igi TviTon mixvdeba,elguja (gia) gvazava_ gararemos dacvisa da bu-nebriviresursebis komitetisdaculi teri-toriebisqvekekomitetisTavmjdomarvmjdomare, fraqcia `af-xazeTi~rom yvelafris erT dReSimospoba TviTon misTvis iqnebacudi da TandaTan yvelafersdaaregulirebs.nadirobasTan dakavSirebiTufro rTulad aris saqme.nadiroba xmauriani procesia,iq ki gadasafren gzebze. Tufrinveli ar daasvene dagamokvebis saSualeba ar mieci,Tanac mudmivad stresSi amyofe,aucileblad daiRupeba. amitomCven SevitaneT Sesworebebizonebis ganlagebaSi.dacul zonebSi, cxadia,gamoricxulia nadiroba, magrammimdebareSi, vTqvaT, mravalmxrivigamoyenebis zonaSi, sadacsaerTod akrZalulia, nadirobisnebas mivcemT. mimdebare teritoriazedavuSvebT samonadireomeurneobis Seqmnis SesaZleblobasac.kanonproeqti `daculi teritoriebisSesaxeb~ saerTo,mTlian bazas aZlevs mTel amsistemas. es sakiTxebi, ZiriTadad,sabWoTakavSirisdroindel dokumentebseyrdnoboda. axla kisruliad axali, drois Sesaferisikanonproeqti Seiqmna. mTavaria,saqme daiZras, mere cxovrebagviCvenebs, ra SesworebebisSetana iqneba saWiro. Tumcaisic saTqmelia, rom CvenTanarsebobs kanonebi, magram arxdeba misi Sesruleba. es iwvevsda anadgurebs nihilizms dausjelobissindroms, romelicyvelafers angrevs.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i59


k o m e n t a r isxvadasxva uwyebaSi Seqmniligeneraluri inspeqciis zogierTfunqciaze, ar vexebi prezidentisgeneraluri inspeqtorissamsaxurs, romlis funqciebiSemoTavazebuli saxiT, CemTvis,garkveulwilad miuRebelia.kanonproeqtSi miTiTebulia,rom generaluri inpeqciissamsaxurs qmnis ama Tu imstruqturis xelmZRvaneli. aqsainteresoa daqvemdebarebis dauflebamosilebis sakiTxi: generaluriinspeqciis xelmZRvaneligarkveul sakiTxebSi ar emor-Cileba Tavisi struqturisxelmZRvanels, da misi saqmianobisSemowmebac ki evaleba.amasTanave, generaluri inspeqxarvezisgamosworeba saswrafoazaqariaqucnaSvili _iuridiul sakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciulireformebis komite-tis Tavmjdomaris pirvelimoadgile.fraqcia “socialisti”warmodgenil kanonproeqtSisaubaria kanonis miRebisas da-Svebul uzustobaze. kerZod:saubaria narkotikuli, fsiqotropulida sxva nivTierebebismoqmedebis qveS myofi pirisSemowmebis meqanizmze. axalmiRebulkanonSi, romelic dRedRezeSeva ZalaSi, weria,rom am nivTierebebis zemoqmedebisqveS myofi piri undaSemowmdes klinikurad, magramgamogvrCa, dagvezustebina laboratoriulimeTodi. sazogadoebisaTviscnobili undaiyos, Tu ra sxvaobaa klinikursada laboratoriul meTodebsSoris. rogorc eqimebmada, saTanadod, am saqmisspecialistebma agvixsnes, klinikuriSemowmeba niSnavs pirisfsiqopaTiuri mdgomareobis garegnuldaTvalierebas (nerviuloba,aRgznebuloba, reaqcia,gamometyveleba da a.S.) laboratiuliSemowmeba ki (sisxlis,Sardis, nerwyvis) analizisaRebas, romliTac dasturdeba,marTla aris Tu ara sisxlSi,nerwyvsa da SardSi narkotikuli,sxva fsiqotropuli niv-Tiereba, romlis moxmarebacmoqmedi kanonmdeblobiT akrZalulia.amitom kanonSi sityva“laboratoriulis” gamotovebasafrTxes qmnis im TvalsazrisiT,rom marTlac SeiZlebamoxdes pirovnebis dakavebada Semowmeba mxolod garegnuliniSnebis mixedviT da aravindainteresdes im mTavari mtkicebulebiT,rasac laboratoriuliSemowmeba hqvia darac, gasaCivrebis SemTxvevaSi,sasamarTloSi Semowmebis saganiunda gaxdes.mogexsenebaT, rom sasamarTloprocesi SeiZleba gaimarTosramdenime dReSi. proceszepirovnebas laboratoriuliSemowmebis da saTanado daskvnisgareSe, ver daudgindeba braleuloba.ar SeiZleba, piriCaiTvalos narkotikuli anfsiqotropuli nivTierebis momxmarebladmxolod imitom, romigi aRelvebuli an aRgznebulia.amitom am xarvezebis gamosasworeblad,vfiqrob, saWiroa,saswrafod miviRoT SemoTavazebulikanonproeqti.am saxis kanonproeqti miuRebeliavaxtang gvaramia _iuridiul sakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciulireformebis komitetisTavmjdomaris moadgile,fraqcia `erTiani sa-qarTvelo~parlamentSi prezidentis miersakanonmdeblo iniciativis wesiTwarmodgenilma kanonproeqtma`generaluri inspeqciebis Sesaxeb~Cemze mZime STabeWdilebadatova.rogorc iurists da parlamentiswevrs, mimaCnia: kanonproeqtismTavari principi _generaluri inspeqcia aucilebladCamoyalibdes _ sworida misaRebia. mimaCnia, is undaiyos erTiani da centralizebuli,xolo misi funqciebi_ miznobrivi da, garkveulwilad,SezRuduli. kanonproeqtismixedviT, rogorc prezidentTan,aseve sxvadasxva uwyebaSi,iqmneba generaluri inspeqtorissamsaxurebi, seriozulifunqciebiT. minda visaubrop a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i60


k o m e n t a r itoris ganTavisuflebis ufleba,mxolod prezidentTan SeTanxmebiT,aqvs imave Tanamdebobispirs, ministrs, Tu uwyebisxelmZRvanels, sadac iqmnebaes inspeqcia da romlissaqmianobasac akontrolebs. esxom Seusabamobaa! rac Seexebageneraluri inspeqciis uflebamovaleobebs:generalur inspeqciasufleba aqvs Seamowmosorganizaciis safinanso-sameurneosaqmianoba, Caataros nebismierisamsaxurebrivi mokvleva. misifunqciebi imdenad didia, romuTanabrdeba policiuri samsaxurebisda kontrolis palatisfunqciebs. praqtikulad, gamijvnamaT Soris ar xdeba, racCemTvis miuRebelia. generaluriinspeqtori auditis meSveobiTweliwadSi erTxel amowmebskonkretuli samsaxurissafinanso-sameurneo saqmianobas.amave dros Semowmebis uflebaaravis CamourTmevia sxvadasxvamakontrolebeli organizaciisaTvis:kontrolis palata,prokuratura da a. S. CndebakiTxva: ramdenjer SeiZleba Semowmdesesa Tu is organizaciawlis ganmavlobaSi?kanonproeqtis mixedviT generaluriinspeqciis mosamsaxuresufleba aqvs, ataros cecxlsasroliiaraRi, rac imas niSnavs,rom vqmniT kidev erT policiursamsaxurs. inspeqciis mu-Saks ufleba aqvs axsna-ganmartebaCamoarTvas samsaxuris nebismierTanamSromels. sainteresoa: nebismierpirovnebas samarTaldamcavorganoebSi dakiTxvisas,SeuZlia advokati aiyvanos. aqki ara. sakiTxavia, ramdenadaadaculi adamianis uflebebi,maSin, roca aRniSnuli samsaxurisfunqciaSi miTiTebulia,rom generaluri inspeqciiserT-erT ZiriTad funqciasadamianis uflebis dacva warmoadgens.am kanonproeqtis mimarTbevri SeniSvna maqvs. mimaCnia,rom es samsaxuri, rogorcukve zemoT aRvniSne, erTianida centralizebuli unda iyosda arsebobdes prezidentTane. i. uSualod emorCilebodesmas. am SemTxvevaSi misi funqciebifarTo da makontrolebelisaxis iqneba. SeiZlebaigi mxolod uwyebebSi iyosdamoukidebeli, pirvel pirsdamorCilebuli samsaxuris saxiT.am SemTxvevaSi misi funqciamxolod piradi SemadgenlobisaTu mosamsaxureTa inspeqtirebasada samsaxurebrivi gadacdomebisgamovlenasa Tu aRkveTas undaemsaxurebodes. magram saxelmwifomoxeles rom sapolicio uflebebismqone iaraRiani Tanamdebobispiri dauniSnoT uwyebebSiSemmowmeblad da, amasTanave,yvela uwyebaSi SevqmnaT sakuTari,policiis msgavsi SeiaraRebuliformirebebi, esCemTvis kategoriulad miuRebelia.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i61


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T a v m j d o m a r eÅÉÆÉÔÉ ËÉÔÅÀÛÉ20-22 ÌÀÉÓÉ20-22 maiss saqarTvelos Semdeg sityviT gamovidaparlamentis Tavmjdomare nino “vilnius-10”-is jgufis qveynebisburjanaZe samuSao vizitiT aTive parlamentis Tavmjdomare.imyofeboda litvis dedaqalaqvilniusSi. igi monawileobda“vilniusis aTeulis” qveynebismaT xazi gausves nato-s praRissamitisa da gawevrianebis oqmismniSvnelobas, romelsac xeliparlamentis Tavmjdomareebis moewera a.w. martis bolos.SexvedraSi.yvela gamomsvleli miesalma“vilniusis aTeuli” sami “vilnius-10” jgufis SexvedraSiwlis win _ 2000 welssaqarTvelos parlamentisCamoyalibda da aerTianebs Tavmjdomaris monawileobas, amisalbaneTs, bulgareTs, estoneTs,naTeli dasturia erToblivilatvias, litvas, make-deklaraciis bolo paragrafi:donias, rumineTs, slovakeTsaCexeTsa da slovenias. wleuls“moxarulni varT daaTeulis Svidi wevri praRissamitze erTdroulad miiwviesmivesalmebiTparlamentissaqarTvelosTavmjdomarisnatoSi. eqspertebis daskvniT,monawileobas Cvens Sexved-es warmateba am organizaciisraSi da diskusiebis drossworad SerCeuli strategiulimis aqtiurobas. mivesalmebiTkursis damsaxurebaa.saqarTvelospolitikuram jgufis arsebobis gannebasda aRebul valdemavlobaSisaqarTvelo erTabulebebs,gaagrZelos demoderTiqveyanaa, romelic miwkratiulireformebi qveyaveuliqna stumris statusiT.naSi. Cven gvjera, rom esdasavlur presaSi dabeWdilmaqveyana Zalze mniSvnelovaniainformaciam – `aTs plus er-erTiani evropisaTvis, rome-Ti~ formatiT Sexvedris ga-lic Tavisufali iqnebamarTvis Taobaze da miRegamyofixazebisagan. saqar-bulma gancxadebam, _ romTvelos SeuZlia uzrun-aTeulis wevri qveynebi saqar-velyos sakuTari xalxisTvelos natosken mimaval gzazekeTildReoba. Cven SevTan-daxmarebas aRuTqvamen, xazixmdiT, movuwodoT Cvenigausva saqarTvelos gansakuTqveynebismTavrobebs, ganirebulstatussa da mdgoma-xilon “vilnius-10” jgufisreobas.momaval Sexvedrebze sa-rogorc “vilnius-10”-is qveqarTvelosmiwvevis Sesa-ynebis parlamentis Tavmjdo-Zlebloba. mzad varT, CvemareebmaaRniSnes, am Sexvedrisni gamocdileba gavuzia-ZiriTadi mizani gaxldaT jgufisroT yvela qveyanas, rom-wevr qveynebSi mimdinarelebsac surT gaxdnen na-procesebis, miRweuli Sedegebis,toswevrebi”.natos Semdgomi gafarToebisperspeqtivebisa da transatlantikuriurTierTobebisanalizi.Sexvedris monawileebs misasalmebelisityviT mimarTeslitvis respublikis prezidentmarolandas paksasma da nato-ssaparlamento asambleis viceprezidentma_ italielmasenatorma _ mario palombom.sityviT gamosvlisas qalbatonmanino burjanaZem miwvevisaTvismadloba gadauxadasxdomis monawileebs, gansakuTrebiT,litvis seimis spikers_ arturas paulauskas daganacxada: saqarTvelos delegaciismonawileoba `vilnius-10~ jgufis saparlamentoforumSi saerTaSoriso TanamegobrobismxardaWeris kideverTi naTeli gamovlinebaa daam mxardaWeras aRviqvamT rogorcsaqarTvelos suverenitetisda demokratiuli ganvi-Tarebis erT-erT umniSvnelovaneswinapirobasa da garants.saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomarem aRniSna, romdamoukideblobis aRdgenis pirvelivedRidan evropul daevro-atlantikur institutebSiintegracia saqarTvelos sagareopolitikis umniSvnelovanesiprioriteti gaxda da, miuxedavadmravali subieqturi Tu obieqturisiZnelisa, saqarTveloZal-Rones ar daiSurebsdasaxuli miznis misaRwevad.saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomare gansakuTrebiT miesalmaim faqts, rom uaxloesmomavalSi Savi zRis auzisori saxelmwifo – bulgareTida rumineTi _ gaxdeba natossruluflebiani wevri da,amdenad, nato mTlianad moicavsSav zRvas uSualo wevriqveynebis an gansakuTrebulipartniori urTierTobebis mqonesaxelmwifoebis meSveobiT. nato-Si saqarTvelos gawevrianebaSeesabameba ara marto erovnulinteresebs, aramed sargeblobismomtani iqneba mTelialiansisaTvis.saqarTvlos teritoriaze e.w.“gayinuli konfliqtebis” daruseTis samxedro bazebisarseboba warmoadgens seriozulSemaferxebel faqtorsnatoSi integraciis gzaze.rogorc qalbatonma ninomaRniSna, am sakiTxTan mimarTebaSiruseTis pozicia ZalianmniSvnelovania orive problemisgadaWris TvalsazrisiT. magramaman xeli ar unda SeuSalossaqarTvelos aliansSi gaer-Tianebas.saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomarem gamoTqva survilida rwmena, rom saerTaSorisoTanamegobroba yovelmxrivdaexmareba Cvens qveyanas,raTa man Rirseuli adgilidaikavos trans-atlantikur TanamegobrobaSi.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i64


T a v m j d o m a r e1 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomare daeswroSezRuduli SesaZleblobebismqone pirTa da veteranTakoaliciis II yrilobas.nino burjanaZem yrilobiswevrebs, parlamentis winaSewamoyenebuli moTxovnebis Sesa-Zleblobebis farglebSi, ganxorcielebaaRuTqva da aRniSna:iziarebs pozicias, rom maTsazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi aqtiuradCarTvis sruli uflebaaqvT.2 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomare nino burjanaZesafrangeTis sagareosaqmeTa saministros kontinenturievropis ganyofilebisdireqtors iug pernes Sexvda.stumari 30 aprils gamarTuli“kavkasiis oTxeulis~ SexvedrisSedegebiTa da parlamentis momavaliarCevnebis procesisaTvismzadebis sakiTxiT dainteresda.parlamentis TavmjdomaremdarwmunebiT aRniSna, rom SexvedrisSedegi kavkasiis regionisproblemebis gadaWraSi wingadadgmuli nabiji iqneba.Semodgomaze dagegmil parlamentisarCevnebTan dakavSirebiT,nino burjanaZem aRniSna: aucilebelia,saerTaSoriso damkvirvebelTamozidva, raTa arCevnebiobieqturad Catardes da mosaxleobasTavisufali arCevanisgamoxatvis saSualeba mieces.parlamenti axali saarCevnokodeqsis saboloo variantsamuSavebs, romelSic, jerjerobiT,kvlavac bevri xarvezia.6 maiss nino burjanaZeSexvda germaniis sakonstituciosasamarTlos wevrebsa da Tavmjdomareshans iurgen papiers.rogorc parlamentis Tavmjdomaremganacxada, didi tradiciismqone germaniis sakonstituciosasamarTlos wevrebi yovelTvismzad arian gamocdilebis gasaziareblad,Tumca, ramdenimewlianiTanamSromloba bevrismomcemia germanelebisTvisac,radgan saqarTvelos axalgazrdasakonstitucio sasamarTlosagan,romelic demokratiul saxelmwifosTanerTad yalibdeba,bevri ramis swavla maTacSeuZliaT. `TanamSromlobaaucileblad unda gagrZeldes,radgan Cveni saxelmwifosganviTareba, swored samarTlebriviTvalsazrisiT, kidevufro unda daixvewos. sakonstituciosasamarTlo is mniSvnelovanirgolia, romelic amprocess uzrunvelyofs, TiToeulmoqalaqes Caunergavskonstituciis dacvisa da misipativiscemis survils. iqnebagaranti, rom saqarTvelo,rogorc demokratiuli, TavisufalisamarTlebrivi saxelmwifo,evropuli ojaxis Rirseuliwevri gaxdeba”.6 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomarem ninoburjanaZem monawileoba miiRosaqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiismier safrangeTis ukvdavTaakademiis namdvili wevris elenkarer dankosis (zurabiSvilis)saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiissapatio wevrad arCevaSi.elen dankosi cnobili sazogadomoRvawis niko nikolaZis STamomavalia.nino burjanaZem elen dankosssapatio wodebis miniWeba miulocada aRniSna is didiwvlili, romelic man ruseTisada sabWoTa kavSiris istoriiskvlevis saqmeSi gawia.nino burjanaZem elen dankosismoRvaweoba evropis parlamentSida mis mier momzadebuliangariSi: “samxreT-kavkasiis regionSievropis kavSiris politikisgaaqtiurebis Sesaxeb”.ase Seafasa: `gansakuTrebiTqronikagveamayeba, rom safrangeTismecnierebaTa akademiis mudmiviwevri warmoSobiT qarTvelia.me vicnob qalbaton elensda vici, Tu rogor Sestkivamas guli saqarTveloze~.9 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomare ninoburjanaZe Sexvda msoflio bankisvice-prezidenets evropasa daaRmosavleT aziis regionSiiohan lins. stumris azriT,saqarTveloSi kvlav dgas mmar-Tvelobis problemebi da saxelmwifoxarjebis arasworimarTvis sakiTxi. biznes-seqtorSikorufciis done maRali rCeba,da am mxriv mdgomareobagamosasworebelia. energoseqtorski, sistemis ganviTarebis TvalsazrisiT,finansuri mxardaWerasWirdeba. es swored is rekomendaciebia,romelTa Sesrulebacmsoflio bankis momavalidaxmarebis raodenobas ganapirobebs.nino burjanaZem msofliobankis vice-prezidents sTxovagaiTvaliswinon wlevandelisaarCevno periodis daZabulisituacia da dafinanseba arSeamciron. `mimaCnia, rom,rekomendaciebis Sesrulebismxriv, arsebuli xarvezebi,SesaZloa, uaxloes erTweliwadSi radikalurad veraRmoifxvras. msoflio bankisdaxmarebebis programebis Semcirebaki, upirvelesad, mtkivneulad,Cveni mosaxleobissocialur pirobebze aisaxeba~.parlamentis Tavmjdomaremisaubra parlamentis im sakanonmdeblosaqmianobaze, romelicsagadasaxado kodeqsSicvlilebebsa da ukanono Semosavlebislegalizaciis winaaRmdegkanonmdeblobis miRebasp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i65


T a v m j d o m a r eexeba. xolo `rac Seexeba administrirebas,SevecdebiT, igigavaumjobesoT, Tundac, mwvaveda radikaluri kritikis xarjze~,- aRniSna man.9 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomare ninoburjanaZe Sexvda didi britaneTismTavrobis specialurwarmomadgenels samxreT kavkasiisregionSi brain fons. saubariregionSi, kerZod, saqarTveloSi,gayinuli konfliqtebis mogvarebasada saqarTvelo-ruseTsSoris urTierTobebs Seexo.`didi britaneTi mxars uWerssaqarTvelos xelisuflebissaxelmwifoebriv prioritetebs,mis sagareo kurss. rac Seexebakonfliqtebis mogvarebas, migvaCnia,rom yinuli unda gal-Rves, amis dro ukve dadga~,- ganacxada Sexvedraze brainfonma.didi britaneTis specialurmawarmomadgenelma nino burjanaZesZiriTad sakiTxebze Tavisimosazrebebi gauziara da rekomendaciebigaacno. aseve,isaubres noembris saparlamentoarCevnebze.parlamentis Tavmjdomaremstumris ramdenime rekomendaciasainteresod cno. brain fonmakvlavac gamoTqva gamocdilebisgaziarebis survili.16 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomare dabawyneTSi mcxovreb afxazeTidandevnilebs Sexvda. `valdebuliviyavi, dapirebisamebr, SegxvedrodiT,raTa am ori TviswinaT CemTan Sexvedrisas wamo-Wrili Tqveni problemebisgadaWra mecnobebina: saboloodgadawyda wyneTSi devnilTaeleqtroenergiiT momaragebisocdaoTxsaaTiani grafikis SenarCuneba,15 ivnisidan ufasosaswrafo daxmarebis adgilobriviqvesadguric amoqmeddeba.mogvarda satelefono gadasaxadisodenobisa da TbilisidanwyneTSi samarSruto avtobusisdaniSvnis sakiTxebi.amjerad, devnilTa axali problemebikvlav socialuri xasia-Tis iyo _ biniT uzrunvelyofissakiTxsa da sxvadasxvasferoSi dasaqmebas exeboda.agreTve garkveuli SeRavaTebisdawesebiT, afxazeTsa da sama-Cablodan devnil eqimTa uwyvetiganaTlebis reformaSi CarTvis.eqimebma parlamentis TavmjdomaresafxazeTis saministroswyneTis regionuli poliklinikisada mosaxleobis janmrTelobisdacvis problemebigaacnes. moaxloebuli parlamentisarCevnebis win saarCevnosiebis dazustebis sakiTxicwamoWres.yofiTi problemebi adreTu gvian mowesrigdeba. CvensmTavar tkivilad kvlav afxazeTisdabruneba rCeba, - aseTi iyoSekrebilTa azri.nino burjanaZesTan erTadwyneTs estumrnen parlamentisTavmjdomaris moadgile vaxtangyolbaia; parlamentis janmrTelobisdacvisa da socialursakiTxTa komitetis Tavmjdomarezezva RuRuniSvili; parlamentissamoqalaqo integraciis komitetisTavmjdomare besik lagvilava;ltolvilTa da gansaxlebissaministrosa da afxazeTis ministrTasabWos warmomadgenlebi,wyneTis axali gamgebeli revazareSiZe.19 maiss nino burjanaZemmiiRo evrosabWos fulis ga-TeTrebis winaaRmdeg mebrZolikomitetis umaRlesi misiaroberto lamponis xelmZRvanelobiT.Sexvedraze iTqva, romkomitetma 2001-2002 wlebSiukve Seafasa saqarTvelos mierevrosabWos moTxovnebis SesrulebissakiTxi da arc Tusaxarbielo Sedegebi gamoikveTa.“Cveni vizitis mizania, gavarkvioT,aRmasrulebel xelisuflebaSiamisaTvis ra konkretuliRonisZiebebi tardebada SegaxsenoT is aucileblobada riski, romelic SesaZloaevrosabWos am valdebulebisSeusruleblobas mohyves~, -ganacxada roberto lamponim.parlamentis Tavmjdomarem evrosabWosumaRlesi misiiswevrebs ganumarta, rom saqar-Tvelos parlamentma proeqti“ukanono Semosavlis legalizaciisaRkveTis Sesaxeb~ I mosmeniTukve miiRo. dasazustebeliaII mosmenis sakiTxi -qonebis konfiskaciis problema,rasac saqarTvelos konstituciaar iTvaliswinebs, es gamowveuliiyo adreul postsab-Wour periodSi kerZo sakuTrebisdacvis garantiiT. parlamentisTavmjdomaris mosazrebiT,Zneli dasamtkicebelia, konkretuliqoneba kanonieri Tuukanono gziTaa SeZenili. racSeexeba evrosabWos umaRlesimisiis meore moTxovnas, -finansuri monitoringis samsaxurisCamoyalibeba, romelicsaeWvo finansuri operaciebisSesaxeb angariSs daamuSavebsda Sesabamis samsaxurebTan saer-TaSoriso masStabiT mWidrodiTanamSromlebs, _ aucilebelia,igi sajaro wesiT da kvalificiurieqspertebiT dakompleqtdes,raTa informaciis konfidencialurobaeWvis qveSar dadges.saerTaSoriso eqspertebmasaqarTvelos parlamentis mierproeqtis ganxilva sworad dawingadadgmul nabijad Seafases,Tumca, aRniSnes, rom aucilebeliateqstSi arsebuli Ziri-Tadi xarvezebis gasworeba.roberto lamponis TqmiT,evrosabWo Cveni qveynis mieraRebul valdebulebebs Seajamebs.xolo ivlisSi, am valdebulebebisSeusruleblobis SemTxvevaSi,SesaZloa, sayovelTao gancxadebissafuZvelze, saqarTveloe.w. “Sav siaSi~ moxvdes, racCveni qveynis dafinansebasTandakavSirebiT Zireulad SecvlissaerTaSoriso safinanso-institutebisdamokidebulebas.23 maiss saqarTvelos par-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i66


T a v m j d o m a r elamentis Tavmjdomare ninoburjanaZe Sexvda ruseTisfederaciis delegaciis wevrebs,romlebic saerTaSoriso konferenciis_ “TanamSromlobisperspeqtivebi evropuli usafrTxoebissferoSi saqarTvelosada ruseTis federacias Soris~_ farglebSi Tbiliss ewvivnen.22 maiss konferencia krwanisissamTavrobo rezidenciaSi daxuruliformatiT gaimarTa. konferenciismonawileebs saSualebamiecaT, saqarTvelos xelisuflebismier araerTxel deklarirebuli“pirdapiri - Riadialogis~ farglebSi pirvelademsjelaT saqarTvelo-ruseTsSoris dagrovebul problemebzeruseTis federaciis xelisuflebisada samecniero sazogadoebis,masmediis saSualebaTawarmomadgenlebTan.nino burjanaZem aRniSna, romdialogis amgvari formatisruliad misaRebia, radgan igixelisuflebasa da sazogadoebiswarmomadgenlebis ufro mWidroTanamSromloba daexmareba.Sexvedraze mxareebma yurad-Reba saqarTvelo-ruseTis ur-TierTobaze gaamaxviles. ZiriTadiTema, bunebrivia, afxazeTis konfliqtiiyo.rogorc dsT-s qveynebisinstitutis direqtorma konstantinzatulinma ganacxada, ruseTismxare afxazeTis konfliqtSiTavs damnaSaved arcnobs da afxazeTis konfliqtsganixilavs, rogorc saqarTvelosSidapolitikur problemas, ruseTiyovelTvis aRiarebda daaRiarebs saqarTvelos damoukideblobasada suverenitets.konstantin zatulinis TqmiT,is qarTveli deputatebi, romlebsackonfliqtis mSvidobianigadaWris saSualebad ekonomikurigza miaCniaT, realobasTanufro axlos dganan. manaRniSna, rom mxars uWersruseTis federaciis sagareoda Tavdacvis politikis sabWoswevris iuri kobalaZis iniciativasor qveyanas Soris savizoreJimis gauqmebasTan dakavSirebiT.igi daeTanxma ninoburjanaZis mosazrebas, romsavizo reJimi aferxebs urTierTobebsor qveyanas Soris.es azri gaiziara ruseTisfederaciis mxridan Sexvedrisyvela monawilem.`erTmniSvnelovnad vacxadeb,rom savizo reJimis SemoRebaruseTis mxridan iyo saqarTvelosdasja sakuTari damoukidebelipolitikis warmarTvisaTvis~,- ganacxada ninoburjanaZem.rac Seexeba afxazeTis konfliqtSiruseTis rols, saqar-Tvelos parlamentis Tavmjdomaremdelegaciis wevrebsSeaxsena, rom Tavis drozeruseTis maSindelma prezidentmaboris elcinma ruseTis mierafxazeTSi daSvebuli SecdomaTavad aRiara, xolo axlastumrebis garkveuli nawilismxridan amis uaryofa arasworia.nino burjanaZem ganacxada:rodesac ruseTi humanitaruldaxmarebas gagzavnisafxazeTSi, saqarTvelo-ruseTispartnioruli urTierTobebidangamomdinare, upriani iqneba,Tu amis Taobaze saqarTvelosxelisuflebas acnobebs.27 maiss parlamentis Tavmjdomaremnino burjanaZemdeputatTa jgufTan erTad,Sveicariis parlamentis Tavmjdomarismoadgile fric SieserimiiRo romlebic, saqarTvelosada Sveicariis parlamentebsSoris, urTierTobebis gaRrmavebismizniT, Tbiliss ewvivnen.“mzad varT, Cveni gamocdilebagagiziaroT qveynis teritoriulimowyobisa da parlamentarizmisdidi xnis gamocdilebismqone Cveni sakanonmdebloorganos muSaobidan~, - aRniSnafric Sieserma da dasZina,rom Sveicariis, rogorc konfederaciulimowyobis mqoneqveynis gamocdileba, saqarTvelosTvis,SesaZloa, sainteresoiyos.nino burjanaZe Sveicarielparlamentarebs saqarTvelosparlamentis sakanonmdeblo, sazedamxedveloda makontrolebelifunqciebis Sesaxeb esaubra,gaacno, is SesaZlo sakonstituciocvlilebebi, romlebicorpalatiani parlamentis Semo-Rebas gulisxmobs, agreTve,qveynis teritoriuli, kerZod,federaciuli mowyobis variantebi.man dasZina, rom amsakonstitucio cvlilebebisganxorcieleba damokidebuliaSida konfliqtebis mogvarebasap a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i67


T a v m j d o m a r eda politikur ZalTa gadanawilebaze.Sexvedraze isaubres axalgazrdademokratiuli qveynissagareo politikis prioritetebze,maT Soris, evrostruqturebSiintegraciis aucileblobaze,saqarTvelo-ruseTsSoris arsebul problemebze,ZiriTadad, afxazeTis sakiTxTandakavSirebiT. am problemismogvarebas, saqarTvelos parlamentisTavmjdomaris azriT,axali midgoma, axali meqanizmebisamoqmedeba daexmareba, rac, upirvelesad,saerTaSoriso sazogadoebismxardaWeras gulisxmobs.nino burjanaZem sainteresodmiiCnia SveicariaSimoqmedi modeli, Tumca, federalurimowyobis sakiTxi didisifrTxiliT, saqarTvelos sagareoprioritetebis dacviTada demokratiuli principebisgaTvaliswinebiT unda SeirCes,radgan saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivifunqcia metadmniSvnelovania kavkasiaSi geostrategiulimdgomareobis mxriv.rogorc Sexvedraze iTqva,Sveicariis parlamentis Tavmjdomarismoadgile da deputatebiam vizitis farglebSi afxazeTsacmoinaxuleben.`gvesmis, rom afxazebs, rogorcmcire eTnikur jgufs,sicocxlisunariani garantiebismiReba surT. mzad varT, maTTanerTad davsxdeT da aseTigarantiebis nebismieri meqanizmiganvixiloT, gavaanalizoT ispirobebi, romelTac erT saxelmwifoSierTad cxovrebisTvisSemogvTavazeben~, - aRniSnanino burjanaZem Sexvedrisdasasruls da stumrebs sTxova,afxazebs gadascen misipiradi Txovna, qarTvel dedebs,Tundac erTi dRiT, afxazeTisteritoriaze dakrZaluli Svilebissaflavebis monaxulebisaneba darTon.30 maiss parlamentis Tavmjdomaremnino burjanaZemevrosabWos generaluri samdivnoswarmomadgeneli Jan luilorani miiRo. evrosabWos delegaciiswevrebi dainteresdnenparlamentis arCevnebisaTvismzadebiT, evrosabWos rekomendaciebisSesrulebis mimdinareobiT,gansakuTrebiT, adamianisuflebaTa dacvis, eTnikur umciresobaTada religiuri aRmsareblobisTavisuflebis sferoebSi,aseve, samarTaldamcavstruqturebSi reformis mimdinareobiT.`parlamentSi Zalas ar davi-SurebT, rom uzrunvelvyoTsaarCevno kanonmdeblobis imvariantis gatana, romelic yvelapolitikuri ZalisTvis TanabradmisaRebi iqneba~, - ganacxadaSexvedraze nino burjanaZem.parlamentis Tavmjdomarem evrosabWoswarmomadgenlebs sTxova,saerTaSoriso monitoringis ganxorcielebisfarglebSi, arCevnebisperiodSi sakmao raodenobisdamkvirvebelTa gamogzavna,rac Seuwyobs xelssaarCevno procesebis demokratiuladwarmarTvas.4 ivniss parlamentis Tavmjdomarenino burjanaZe evropissabWos momxseneblebs, saparlamentoasambleis valdebulebebisSesrulebis monitoringis jgufiswevrebs maTias eorssada evgeni kiriliovs Sexvda,isini Semodgomaze saparlamentoasambleis winaSe, saqarTvelosmxridan aRebuli valdebulebebisSesrulebis Sesaxeb moxsenebaswaradgenen.Sexvedris ZiriTadi Temamoaxloebuli parlamentis arCevnebisfonze saqarTveloSimimdinare politikuri procesebida saarCevno kodeqsis saboloodSesajerebeli varianti iyo, maTSorisaa, centraluri saarCevnokomisiis dakompleqtebis principi.nino burjanaZem aRniSna: parlamentiyovelmxriv Seecdebayvela politikuri ZalisaTvismisaRebi proeqtis saboloovarianti SeimuSaos, rac SesabamisikonsultaciebiT da evrosabWoseqspertTa rekomendaciebisgaTvaliswinebiT moxerxdeba,Tumca, aqve dasZina, romsaarCevno kodeqsSi Zireulicvlilebebi, arCevnebamde darCenilidrois simciris gamo,ver moeswreba.“saqarTveloSi, rogorc axalgazrda,demokratiis mSenebelsaxelmwifoSi, ganviTarebis iseTiprocesi mimdinareobs, racbunebrivi da misaRebia. amprocess optimisturad vuyureb.darwmunebuli var, rodesacseqtemberSi Tqvens qveyanaSidavbrundebi, ukve miRebuligeqnebaT saarCevno kodeqsisaxali, yvelaze ukeTesi varianti.xelisufleba da ganurCevlad,yvela politikuri Zala, mzadiqneba demokratiuli arCevnebisCasatareblad, rasac msoflioTanamegobrobis TvalSi saqar-Tvelos rolis gansazRvrisaTvisdidi mniSvneloba aqvs~, -ganacxada Sexvedris dasasrulsmaTias eorsma.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i68


a r C e v n e b i`ar aris Zlier mniSvnelovani is,Tu axla romeli partia,klubi Tu jgufi moipovebsgamarjvebas arCevnebSi. mTavari isaa, rom gamarjvebuli aRmoCndes CvenSi _ saukeTesomoraluri, samoqalaqo, politikuri da profesiuli niSniT, miuxedavad maTi politikurikuTvnilebebisa. Cveni saxelmwifos momavali politika da misi prestiJi damokidebuliiqneba im pirovnebaze, visac, Cven SevarCevT, da, mogvianebiT, Cvens warmomadgenlobiTorganoebSi avirCevT~.vaclav haveli 1990 wlis 1 ianvarivimoqmedoT `qarTuli scenariT~saqarTvelosparlamentida interfraqciuli jgufi,ramdenime welia saarCevnokanonmdeblobazemuSaobs.bevri ram Seicvala dadaixvewa, magram yvelazegadamwyvet dros SeTanxmebaar moxerxda. ra situa-ciaa, nuTu ase gadaulaxaviabarieri?_ nebismieri sakiTxisadmiaraseriozuli damokidebuleba,kerZod, _ saarCevno kanonmdeblobasTanTamaSi ar SeiZleba,miT umetes, am periodSi. saqar-Tvelos megobari qveynebi Tusxva calke mdgomi politikosebiTvlian, rom es saqarTvelosaTvisgadamwyveti arCevnebia.bunebrivia, am azrs eTanxmebasaqarTvelos mosaxleoba dapolitikuri elita.Cven bevri vimuSaveT interfraqciulda Semdeg ufromcire _ SemTanxmebel - jgufebSi.TiTqos bevr sakiTxzeSevTanxmdiT, Tanac Zalian principulsakiTxebze, rac Tvisobrivadganasxvavebs arsebulvariants wina kanonisagan. SevecadeTbevri xvreli amogveqola.aq gasaocari araferia: sakmarisia,erTi principuli saki-Txi Secvalo da mas sxvaSesworebebi mohyveba. parlamentSies axali proeqti ramdenjermeganvixileT da axla saWiroagadawyvetilebis miReba. SesaZloa,iqac iyos sakamaTo sakiTxebi,magram mTlianobaSi igi misa-Rebia. aqtiurad muSaobdnensaarCevno kanonmdeblobaze Cvenimegobrebi. ucxoeli eqspertebi.dRes mTavar, sakamaTo Temadisev rCeba saarCevno administracia.samwuxarod, CixSi SevediT.arada am problemis mogvarebissakmaod martivi meqanizmiarsebobs. mimaCnia, rom pasuxismgeblobaxelisuflebam undaitvirTos: prezidentma, aRmasrulebelmaxelisuflebam da saxelisuflebofraqciebma. bunebrivia,opoziciac ar undadarCes ganze da garkveulikompromisebisaTvis mzad aris,magram vimeoreb: xelisuflebasufro meti moeTxoveba. gavadro, moaxlovdeba arCevnebi,kidev ufro daiZabeba situaciada moTxovnebi ufro kategoriuliiqneba. ukve vnaxeT,rom saparlamento darbazidan,sadac SeTanxmeba ar moxerxda,movlenebma quCaSi gadainacvla.Tu vinme imiT imSvidebs Tavs,rom am Senobis win ramdenimeaTasi adamiani iyo, Cemi keTilisurvilia, am Temas ase ubralodnu moekideba, qveyanaSiiseTi viTarebaa Seqmnili, romafeTqebas aRaraferi uklia,arada opozicias namdviladar surs, qveyana arios. amitomxelisuflebas es kargad undaesmodes. sircxvili da Tavisdamcireba namdvilad ar ariskompromisi. piriqiT: saxelisufleboelitis mTavari amocanakonsolidacia da kompromisiaunda iyos. ratomRac iseTiSTabeWdileba mrCeba, TiTqosxelisuflebas undoda gamoecada,ramden kacs gamoiyvanda opozicia:modiT, ar davuTmoTda vnaxoT, ras moimoqmedebeno!aseTi damokidebuleba saxifaToa.sakiTxi unda mogvardes,daTmobebis xarjze da araZaliT.Tanac opozicia arafers iTxovsmiuRebels. saubaria paritetze,rogorc centralur saarCevnokomisiaSi, ise adgilobrivimniSvnelobis komisiebSi. Tanac,Tu ganvaxorcielebT iseTcvlilebas, rom csk naklebiuflebebi hqondes da igiZiriTadad saorganizacio dateqnikuri sakiTxebiT dakavdes,saolqo da saubno komisiebimet datvirTvas SeiZens. amitomgamarTlebuli iyo opoziciismoTxovna, roca erT paketSicdilobda sakiTxTa Sejerebas:centraluri saarCevno dasaolqo-saubno komisiebis erTiprincipiT dakompleqtebas. essakiTxi asea momwifebuli daaxals verafers movifiqrebT,_ yvelaferi vcadeT. yvelazemarTebuli iyo interfraqciulijgufis SemuSavebuli da pirvelimosmeniT miRebuli paritetulivarianti: Tanabradwarmodgenili adgilobrivi, winagiorgi wereTeli –saqarTvelos parlamentisvice-spikeri, eri, interfraq-ciuli jgufis is xlmZRvaa-neli.saparlamento, saprezidentoarCevnebi, avtonomiebis kvotebida uzenaesi sabWos warmomadgenlebi.sadavo SeiZleba gamxdariyo,asaxuliyo Tu ara TbilisisarCevnebis Sedegebi. Zalianaxlos viyaviT gadawyvetilebismiRebasTan. dResdReobiT situaciagarTulda da axla SeiZleba,iTqvas _ “daZabulimSvidobaa.” TiTqos SigniT mimdinareobsmolaparakebebi, opoziciasTavisi problemebi aqvs,_ Zalian seriozuli gaer-Tianeba xdeba, magram umTavresi_ arCevnebia da saarCevnoadministraciebis sakiTxi kvlavacproblemad rCeba. mimaCnia, romcsk-s im wevrebma, romlebicgadadgnen, moralurad gamarTlebulinabiji gadadges.sazogadoeba elodeba, raRacSeicvleba, rom arCevnebamdemaT, kanonis saxiT, motivaciasWirdebaT arCevnebze misasvlelad.Tu es ar moxda, yvelaCaTvlis, rom yvelaferi isevise iqneba, iqneba gayalbebada arCevnebi ar gaimarTeba.es ki Zalian cudi iqneba.dRes saqarTvelo aris mijnaze,ekonomikuri viTareba mZimea,samwuxarod, mTavrobam araefeqturadimuSava, da Sedegisaxezea. (Tundac saparlamentocxovreba aviRoT: ar arisgazeTebi, gamorTulia telefo-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i69


a r C e v n e b iCven mivdivarT kompromisze:realobas gaTvaliswineba sWirdebadidi xania gamzadebulia dapirveli mosmeniT miRebulia,ZiriTad saarCevno principebsada saparlamento fraqciebTanSejerebuli kanonproeqti. darCamxolod erTi ram-118 xmismogroveba. rac Seexeba mtkivneulsakiTxs-saarCevno administraciebs-vera da ver gadawyda.opoziciasTan konsultaciebma,samwuxarod, Sedegi ar gamoiRoda es gaxda safuZveli, opoziciiserTi nawilis miermanifestaciebis mowyobisa- mizeziquCaSi gasvlisa. opoziciasase warmoedgina: dRes, metadmZime socialur fonze, saqarTvelosmosaxleobas sWirdebanebismieri sababi quCaSi gamosasvleladda xelisuflebasTandasapirispireblad, magram motyuvdnen.sazogadoeba ufro gonivruladudgeba am process,vidre zogierTi “didi politikosi”.moqalaqeebma ar gaiziaresmaTi pozicia da, aramc Tu300 kacian mitings sxvebiSemoerTebodnen, opozicias koncertisgamarTvac ki dasWirdaTavisi moyvanili xalxis SesanarCuneblad.pozicia-opozicias SorisSeuTanxmebloba - konfrontaciaparlamentSi xelovnurad arisgamowveuli. me Sevaxseneb Cemskolegebsa da quCaSi gasvlisiniciatorebs: roca TviToniyvnen parlamentSi, warmoadgendnenliderebs da ekavaTmaRali Tanamdebobebi, rocaparlamentis darbazs tovebdnenopoziciuri partiebi, isiniyovelTvis Seaxsenebdnen maT,rom parlamentaris samuSaoadgili parlamentia da araquCa. imaves vityvi mec. damovuwodeb: mobrZandnen parlamentSi,davsxdeT, maqsimaluradSevajeroT mosazrebani da miviRoTiseTi saarCevno kodeqsida saarCevno administracia,romelic uzrunvelyofs demokratiulida samarTliani ar-Cevnebis Catarebas. wina Sexvedrebisdros opoziciis gamokveTilida CamoyalibebulimoTxovnebi, ra Tqma unda,srulad ver iqneba dakmayofilebuli.dakmayofilebis SemTxvevaSisaarCevno administraciebSiSeiqmneba xelsayreligaremo arCevnebis maqsimaluradgasayalbeblad, rasac ar davu-SvebT arc Cven da arc prezidenti.rac moxda winawlebSi, aRar unda ganmeordes.amaze muSaoben Cveni politikurigundis wevrebi-aramc Tumoxdes gayalbeba, aramed mcdelobacki, daisajos sisxlissamarTlis pasuxismgeblobiT.vfiqrob, saarCevno kodeqsismiRebis paralelurad, paketSiSemova cvlilebebi sisxlissamarTlisa da administraciulkodeqsSi.rogorc aRvniSne, ZiriTadadver vTanxmdebiT komisiebisSemadgenlobis dakompleqtebazecentraluris,saolqosa dasaubnosi. opozicias surs,yvela partias warmomadgenelihyavdes centralur saarCevnokomisiaSi-mniSvneloba ara aqvswina saparlamento arCevnebisSedegebs. Cven mivdivarTkompromisze- realobas gaTvaliswinebasWirdeba, magram saarCevnoadministraciebSi unda iyoswarmomadgenloba im partiebisa,romlebic dRes, met-naklebad,sazogadoebis mxardaWeriT sargebloben.SeiZleba, mavanma ikiTxos:rogor gairkveva, rogor dadgindebaes?! Cven xom viciTsazogadoebrivi azri: partiaTareitingebi qveyndeba presaSi,televiziiT-aSkarad Cans... amavedros SeiZleba, gaTvaliswinebuliiqnes saparlamento fraqciaTaan kidev saparlamentopartiaTa mixedviT dakompleqtebissakiTxic. varianti mravalia.opozicias surs, am variantebidanjamSi miiRos iseTikonglomerati, romelic maTsaSualebas miscems TavadCaataron arCevnebi da araiseTma administraciam, romelicneitraluri iqneba, profesiulida ara mxolod saarCevnosubieqtebiT dakompleqtebuli.maTi ZiriTadi mizani eg aris:iyos partiul principze, paritetulsawyisebze, saarCevno subieqtebiT...aseTi ram yovelTvis iyoda iqneba gayalbebis safuZveli:partiuloba da pariteti-TiTopartias TiTo warmomadgeneli,Tundac iseTi partiisa, romelsacarc arCevnebSi miuRiamonawileoba, arc gaumarjvia,anda odesRac erT raionsaTu qalaqSi gaimarjva da dResmxolod saxeliTRa arsebobs.aseTi principiT dakompleqtebulicentraluri, saolqoTu saubno komisiebi samarTliangadawyvetilebas verasodesmiiReben. isini gayidian Tavisxmebs, garigebaSi Sevlen maRali- vitali xazaraZe:fraqcia “moqalaqeTa kav-Siris” Tavmjdomare.imijisa da avtoritetis mqonepolitikur gundebTan, romelTacparlamentSi moxvedrisSesaZlebloba aqvT.Cemi azriT, mokle droSiyvelaferi Sejerdeba da momavalsasesio kviraSi saarCevno kodeqsimiRebuli iqneba, raTqma unda, Tu amis surviliorive mxares eqneba. Tu opoziciagaJiniandeba, SeuZlia,Seaferxos es procesi, magramme ar vurCev maT amis gakeTebas,aseTi poziciis daWeras arCevnebisCaSlis survili SeiZleba,hqondes zogierT opoziciurZalas, raTa Semdeg amaSi bralixelisuflebasa da prezidentsdasdon, magram araferi gamouvaT:arCevnebi daniSnulia dayoveldRiurad, situaciidan gamomdinare,sazogadoeba dainaxavsvis surs es da vis-ara.jerjerobiT centralurisaarCevno komisia muSaobas ganagrZobs.vidre csk-Si Svidiwevri mainc iqneba, komisiauflebamosilia, saqmianoba gaagrZelos,Tumca me mimaCnia,rom dauSvebelia Zveli cskismier arCevnebis Catareba:es aris erTaderTi sakiTxi,raSic erTsulovani varT...opozicias jer surda, dagveTxovacsk da Semdeg dagvewyomolaparakeba csk-is axal modelze-dakompleqtebisaxal principebze,rac dauSvebelia! esopoziciis mxridan realuradSeqmnida xelisuflebaze zewolispirobebs, rac Cven ardavuSviT da arc davuSvebT.jer SevqmnaT modeli, CamovayaliboTprincipebi-rogori undaiyos csk, CavdoT kanonSi,im kanonSi, romelic auqmebscsk-s. es iqneba swori saxelmwifoebrivadmidgoma da, imedia,Cven amas SevZlebT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i71


a r C e v n e b idaviT koRuaSvili_ ganaTlebis, mecniereebis,kulturisa da spor-tis komitetisTavmjdoma-ris pirveli moadgile.fraqcia `axali memarjvee-neebi~ebi~saarCevno kodeqsis miReba,principuli sakiTxia, aucilebladunda Sejerdes umravlesobisada opoziciis azri,swored amazea damokidebulisaarCevno kodeqsi darCeba iseviseTi, rogoric dRes aris!qveyanaSi demokratiuli procesebisSemdgomi winsvla, racgamoixateba Tavisufal demokratiularCevnebSi. arCevnebi,garkveulwilad, gansazRvravs,ramdenad erTgulebi varT demokratiuliRirebulebebis.saarCevno kodeqsi ver miviReT,radgan c.s.k-s dakompleqtebazeSeTanxmebas ver mivaRwieT. amangamoiwvia saboikoto ganwyoba,mitingebi, sxdomaze dauswreblobada a.S.opoziciisa da xelisuflebisazri orad gaiyo. ver SevTanxmdiTkomisiebis dakompleqtebissakiTxze. xelisuflebis mierSemoTavazebuli varianti opoziciisaTvismiuRebelia, radganigi ar emyareba princips. xoloCveni moTxovnaa: csk dakompleqtdesparitetul sawyisebze.yvela partias hqondes Tanabariufleba, komisiaSi, komitetebismixedviT, hyavdes Tavisi warmomadgeneli,raTa Seiqmnes konkurentunarianigaremo da ar-Cevnebi gauyalbeblad warimarTos.yovel SemTxvevaSi, centralurisaarCevno komisiis, saolqoda saubno komisiebis donezear xdebodes biuletenebiTmanipulireba.rac Seexeba saarCevno kodeqsismiRebis perspeqtivas, jerjerobiTmdgomareoba sakmaod rTulia.aqamde imedi gvqonda, romSevTanxmdebodiT, magram, samwuxarod,azris Sejereba verxerxdeba da konsensussac vermivaRwieT, vfiqrob, saarCevnokodeqsi darCeba isev iseTi,rogoric dRes aris. magram,miuxedavad amisa, saRma azrmaunda gaimarjvos da arCevnebidemokratiulad Catardes. noembrisarCevnebi msoflio TanamegobrobiswinaSe gamocdaiqneba Cveni qveynisaTvis. isiniimedis TvaliT gviyureben daSedegs elian.`saarCevno kodeqsi~ aqilevsisquslad iqcaaleqsandreSalamberiZe_fraqcia `tradicio-nalisti~am mowvevis parlamentSi ukvesamweliwadnaxevaria mimdinareobssaarCevno kanonis daxvewa.vfiqrobT, rom didi samuSaoCatarda. ramdenime sxvadasxvadonis arCevnebis CatarebisSemdeg didi gamocdilebadagrovda da kanonic amissafuZvelze daixvewa. bevrimuxli, romelic adre saarCevnokomisiebis normatiuli aqtebiTregulirdeboda, pirdapir CaidokodeqsSi, amiT centralursaarCevno komisias subieqturigadawyvetilebis miRebis naklebisaSualeba darCa. yvela procesiukve kanoniTaa gawerili, TumcamTavari, administrirebis formirebissakiTxi, Riadaa darCenili.saarCevno kodeqsze muSaobisases sakiTxi Cven ukveoTxjer gadavdeT, radgan raimekonsensusis miRweva Zalian Znelia.Cveni, _ `tradicionalistebis~_ poziciaa, moiZebnosiseTi kriteriumi, romelicyovelTvis imuSavebs. CveniazriT, kriteriumi erTaderTia:adgilobriv an saparlamentoarCevnebSi, csk-Si hqondes Tavisiwarmomadgenlis daniSvnis ufleba.registrirebuli xom130-mdea, romelTac arCevnebSimonawileoba surT?! elementaruladSeuZlebelia yvelamaTgans hyavdes Tavisi warmomadgenelicsk-Si. es gamoiwvevsqaoss da ar mogvcems arCevnebisnormalurad CatarebissaSualebas. kriteriumi _ramdenime partia iyos komisiiswevri, Tu isini paritetuladiqnebian warmodgenili sakuTariinteresebis dacviT, erTmaneTTankamaTiT, moaxerxeben arCevnebiar gayalbdes da samarTlianadCatardes. dRes ki aseTi SemoTavazebaa:mxolod im partiebmadaakompleqton saarCevno administracia,romelTac 7% barierigadalaxes, es ki imas niSnavs,rom sami politikuri Zalagaiyofs xmebs. metis SemTxvevaSi,xmebis gayofis, molaparakebisSesaZlebloba ukve mcirdeba.erTmaneTis gakontrolebiT kimiiRweva is Sedegi, rasacsamarTliani arCevnebi hqvia.Cven gvinda swored es principigavitanoT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i72


T v i d a n T v e m d esaqarTvelos parlamentissxdomaTa qronika22 aprili sakanonmdebloorganom muSaoba kenWisyrisproceduriT daiwyo. pirvelsakiTxad kenWisyraze daayenesdadgenilebis proeqti `saar-Cevno darRvevebis mizezebisSemswavleli saqarTvelos parlamentisdroebiTi sagamoZiebokomisiis angariSis Taobaze”,romelic warmoadgina saarCevnodarRvevebis mizezebis SemswavlelisaqarTvelos parlamentisdroebiTi sagamoZiebo komisiisTavmjdomarem zaqaria qucna-Svilma. kenWisyris Sedegad dadginda,rom aRniSnul komisiaserTi wliT gaugrZelda mu-Saobis vada.saqarTvelos parlamentis Tavmjdomarismoadgilem gigiwereTelma deputatebs kenWsayreladwarudgina kanonproeqti‘saqarTvelos Sromis kanonTakodeqsSi” cvlilebebis SetanisTaobaze. kerZod: SromiskanonTa kodeqsSi Setanil iqnacvlileba, romlis mixedviTac‘wiTeli paraskevi” gamocxaddadasvenebis dRed,aseve kenWi uyares kanonproeqts`saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi damatebis SetanisTaobaze”.saRamos sxdomaze sakanonmdebloorganom daiwyo dRiswesrigiT gaTvaliswinebulikanonproeqtebis ganxilva. pirvelsakiTxad parlamentma ganixilakanonproeqti specialuri ekonomikurizonebis Sesaxeb”, romelicwarmoadgiana fraqcia`aRorZinebis” wevrma anzorgogitiZem. man vrclad isaubraaRniSnuli kanonproeqtis mniSvnelobazeda dasZina: saqar-TveloSi Tavisufali ekonomikurizonebis ganviTareba xelsSeuwyobs ekonomikis ganviTarebiswinsvlas, aseve daaregulirebssagareo valebis gastumrebissakiTxs, gadaWris pensiebisaTu xelfasebis problemas.anzor gogitiZem parlaments,am sakiTxidan gamomdinare, orikanonproeqtic gaacno: `saqarTvelossagadasaxado kodeqsSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze” da `saqarTvelossabaJo kodeqsSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis SetanisTaobaze”anzor gogitiZis moxsenebisSemdeg, zemoaRniSnul sakiTxebTandakavSirebiT, deputatTa mxridandaisva SekiTxvebi. gaimarTamwvave debatebi, - sakanonmdebloorganom moiTxova mTavrobiswevrebis, kerZod, ramdenime ministrisparlamentSi mosvla,rac ar moxerxda.23 aprili. diliT, dRiswesrigis damtkicebis Semdeg,sakanonmdeblo organom `Tavisufaliekonomikuri zonebisSesaxeb” kanonproeqtis ganxilvaganagrZo. parlamentis winaSemoxsenebiT wardga finansTaministri- mirian gogiaSvili.man vrclad isaubra aRniSnulikanonproeqtis miRebisaucileblobasa da perspeqtivaze.magram deputatebi mosmenilmainformaciam ar daakmayofila,rasac - fraqciebis warmomadgenlebismxridan mkacri gancxadebebimohyva. maT bralidasdes ministrs kanonproeqtisucodinarobaSi da mkacradSeafases misi gamosvla.dRis meore naxevarSi sityvisufleba iTxova fraqcia `moqalaqeTakavSiris” Tavmjdomaremvitali xazaraZem. `ideamisasalmebelia, magram dRevandelviTarebaSi warmodgenili saxiTam kanonproeqtis ratificirebamiuRebelia”.fraqcia `moqalaqeTa kavSiris”Tavmjdomaris gamosvla mkacradSeafasa vice - spikerma rostomjafariZem da vitali xazaraZisgancxadebas uargumento uwoda.24 aprili. plenarulisxdomis gaxsnisTanave fraqcia`gaerTianebuli demokratebis”wevrma hamlet movsesianma gancxadebisaTvissityva iTxova.man aRniSna, rom dRevandelidRe somexi xalxisaTvis tragikulia.da parlamentisagan moiTxova,wuTieri dumiliT pativimiegoT 1915 wlis genocidismsxverplTaTvis. wuTieri dumilisSemdeg parlamentma muSaobadRis wesrigis mixedviT ganagrZo.moaxdina ramdenime saerTa-Soriso dokumentis ratifikacia:`evropis sabWos dopingsawinaaRmdegokonvenciasTan saqarTvelosmierTeba”; saqarTvelosrespublikisa da atomuri energiissaerTaSoriso saagentosSeTanxmeba; `birTvuli iaraRisgauvrceleblobis Sesaxeb”. `,xel-SekrulebasTan dakavSirebiTgrantebis gamoyenebis Taobaze”da SeTanxmebis damatebiTi oqmi;adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTadTavisuflebaTa evropuli konvenciisme-13 oqmi; `nebismiergaremoebaSi sikvdiliT dasjisgauqmebis Sesaxeb”; evrosabWos`korufciaze samoqalaqo samar-Tlis konvencia”; sisxlis samar-Tlis saqmeebze urTierTdaxmarebisSesaxeb”; evropuli konvenciisdamatebiTi oqmi, agreTveSeTanxmeba `saqarTvelosa daniderlandebis samefos SorissaerTaSoriso sagzao gadazidvebisSesaxeb”;amave sxdomaze parlamentmaIII mosmeniT miiRo kanonproeqti`sabiujeto sistemebis Sesaxeb”;I mosmeniT kanonproeqti `arasapatimrosasjelTa aRsrulebiswesisa da aprobaciis Sesaxeb”saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis SetanisTaobaze da I mosmeniT misganvegamomdinare kanonproeqti -‘saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsSi” cvlilebebis SetanisTaobaze.parlamentarebma kenWi uyaresda cnes parlamentis yofiliwevris giorgi TargamaZis adgilmonacvlis- emzar balaZisuflebamosileba. Semdeg kenWiuyares `specialuri ekonomikurizonebis Sesaxeb” kanonproeqtzewinadRiT miRebul gadawyvetilebas.kenWisyramde gancxadebagaakeTa samTavrobo fraqciebiskoordinatorma elguja meZmariaSvilma.rogorc man aRniSna,didi mcdelobis miuxedavad,sakiTxis ganxilva mainc politizebuladmoxda, rac, misiSefasebiT, saarCevno kampaniasukavSirdeba. aqedan gamomdinare,axali blokis fraqciebi kanonproeqtsmxars ar dauWeren.`specialuri ekonomikuri zonebisSesaxeb” kanonproeqts,kenWisyris dros, I mosmeniTmxolod 74-ma deputatma dau-Wira mxari, 81 ki winaaRmdegiaRmoCnda. es kanonproeqtismisaRebad sakmarisi ar iyo.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i73


T v i d a n T v e m d efraqcia `aRorZinebam” kenWisyrisSedegebi gaaprotesta da misigadamowmeba moiTxova. parlamentisTavmjdomarem sakiTxis Seswavlasaproceduro sakiTxTada wesebis komitets daavala.sxdomis meore naxevarSikanonmdeblebma saarCevno kodeqsSiSesatani cvlilebebis dadamatebebis proeqtebis ganxilvadaiwyes. warmodgenili iyo oTxivarianti.parlamentis Tavmjdomaris moadgilemgiorgi wereTelma dadeputatma vaxtang xmalaZem gansaxilveladinterfraqciuli jgufismier SemuSavebuli proeqtigamoitanes. sakuTari proeqtebiwarmoadgines deputatebma romangvencaZem, vitali xazaraZem dazaqaria qucnaSvilma. momxseneblebmayuradReba gaamaxvilessaarCevno administraciebis dakompleqtebisada amomrCevelTaregistraciis sakiTxebze.mogvianebiT, parlamentarebmamoismines saqarTvelos erovnulibankis 2002 wlis angariSi,romelic erovnuli bankis prezidentmairakli managaZem warmoadgina.misi gancxadebiT, bankisfulad-sakredito politika fasebisstabilurobisaken iyo mimarTuli.aSS dolarTan mimar-TebaSi ufro metad gamyardaerovnuli valutis gacvliTikursi. sxdomis dasasruls deputatebmadRis wesrigiT gaTvaliswinebulisakiTxebi ganixiles.6 maisi. dilis plenarulisxdoma deputatTa gancxadebebiTdaiwyo, romelic exeboda parlamentisSenobaSi deputatTaSoris momxdar incidents.amis Semdeg sakanonmdebloorganom dRis wesrigiT gaTvaliswinebulisakiTxebis ganxilvadaiwyo. sareitingo kenWisyrisSemdeg Cavarda sagadasaxadokodeqsSi damatebebis SetanisTaobaze janmrTelobis dacvisobieqtebis samewarmeo gadasaxadisagangaTavisuflebasTan dakav-Sirebuli cvlilebis proeqti.fraqciebis: `demokratebisa” da`mrewvelebis” warmomadgenlebmamoiTxoves kanonproeqtis ken-Wisyraze dayeneba. finansTa saministroswarmomadgenlebma sagadasaxadoSeRavaTebis miRebis Taobaze,uaryofiTi pozicia daafiqsires,Tumca kanonproeqti ImosmeniT mainc miiRes.saRamos sxdomaze deputatebmaI mosmeniT ganixiles prezidentisiniciativiT iusticiissaministros mier momzadebuliaxali kanonproeqti `iaraRisSesaxeb”, romelic aregulirebsqveyanaSi iaraRis brunvasTandakavSirebul yovelgvar samarTlebrivurTierTobas (iaraRiTvaWrobas, mis Senaxva-gatanasda tareba-vaWrobas)dRis bolos deputatebma ImosmeniT ganixiles sisxlissamarTlis kanonmdeblobaSiSesuli cvlilebebi da damatebebi,kerZod: muxlebi Trefiqingis,arasrulwlovanTa Trefiqingis,rasobrivi diskriminaciisada invalidTa SezRudvis Sesaxeb.7 maisi dilis plenarulsxdomaze parlamentis Tavmjdomaremnino burjanaZem, deputatTaTanxmobiT, 12 maisimociqul andria pirvelwodebulisxsenebis dRed gamoacxada.rogorc sxdomaze aRiniSna,es TariRi saxelmwifosa daeklesias Soris dadebuli konstituciuriSeTanxmebis Camona-TvalSi aris Sesuli. am gancxadebisSemdeg parlamentarebmakenWi uyares da III mosmeniTmiiRes kanonproeqtebi: `kulturulimemkvidreobis dacvisSesaxeb”, `SeiaraRebis samxedroteqnikisa da ormagi daniSnulebisproduqciis saeqsportokontrolis Sesaxeb”, `iaraRisSesaxeb”, `arasapatimro sasjel-TaaRsrulebis wesisa da aprobaciisSesaxeb”, `operatiulsamZebrosaqmianobis Sesaxeb”,`saomari mdgomareobis Sesaxeb”,`sagangebo mdgomareobis Sesaxeb”,samewarmeo saqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemissafuZvlebis Sesaxeb”, `kvebisproduqtebisa da Tambaqos nawarmislicenziisa da nebarTvisgacemis Sesaxeb”, `pesticidebisada agroqimikatebis Sesaxeb”,‘veterinarul-samewarmeo saqmianobaSilicenziisa da nebar-Tvis gacemis Sesaxeb”, agroqimikatebiswarmoebis, vaWrobis,agroqimiur, niadagis dacvisada agroqimikatebis xarisxisgansazRvris sferoSi laboratoriulisaqmianobis licenziiseqspertisa da importis nebar-Tvis gacemis Sesaxeb”, `sanaSenemecxoveleobis Sesaxeb”, `samynobi,saTesle da sargavi masaliswarmoebaze licenziis gacemisTaobaze”, `wylis Sesaxeb”, da`pesticidebis warmoebasa davaWrobaze licenziisa da eqsport-importiskontrols daqvemdebarebulimcenareuli warmoSobisproduqciis importsada tranzitze nebarTvebis gacemisSesaxeb”.deputatebma kenWi uyaresda miiRes kanonproeqtTa paketi:`samxedro valdebulebebisa dasamxedro samsaxuris Sesaxeb”da `samxedro savaldebulosamsaxuris gadavadebis mosakreblisSesaxeb”, aseve kanonproeqti`saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSicvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxeb”.parlamentarebma mesame mosmeniTmiiRes: sakarantino momsaxurebismosakreblis Sesaxeb”,`saxelmwifo specialuri wodebebisSesaxeb” da saerTo sasamar-Tloebis Sesaxeb”.parlamentma miiRo Semdegidadgenilebebi: calkeuli TanamdebobispirTa qmedebaTa kanonierebisSemswavleli saqarTvelosparlamentis droebiTi sagamo-Ziebo komisiis Tavmjdomarismixeil osaZis informaciis Sesaxeb”,`saqarTvelos erovnulibankis 2002 wlis wliuriangariSis damtkicebis Taobaze”,agreTve eraySi omis Semdgomireabilitaciis procesSi saqarTvelosmonawileobis Sesaxeb”,saqarTvelos prezidentis Seni-Svna saqarTvelos Sromis kanonTakodeqsSi cvlilebebis SetanisSesaxeb”.dRis meore naxevarSi parlamentisTavmjdomaris moadgilemeldar Sengelaiam, romelicamavdroulad, cxinvalis regionisSemswavlel droebiT komisiasxelmZRvanelobs, am komisiismuSaobis Sesaxeb angari-Sis wardgenis nacvlad, gadadgomisSesaxeb gaakeTa gancxadeba,ris motivadac aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis mxridan parlamentiskomisiis mier SemuSavebulirekomendaciebisa Tu sxvadasxvasaWiro RonisZiebis gatarebisSeusrulebloba daasaxela.fraqciis - `gaerTianebulidemokratebis” Tavmjdomarisgiorgi baramiZis azriT, cxinvalisregionSi dRes arsebulmdgomareobaze pasuxismgeblobamTlianad xelisuflebas ekisreba.fraqcia socialistis” Tavmjdomarisirakli mindelis azriT,parlamentis komisias, Tavisiuflebamosilebidan gamomdinare,gacilebiT metis gakeTeba SeeZlo.saRamos sxdomaze deputatebmap a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i74


T v i d a n T v e m d eSemdegi kanonproeqtebi ganixiles:`samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciisSesaxeb” saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze (I mosmena)da `sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb”saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebisSetanis Taobaze. II mosmeniTmuxlobrivad ganixiles `saqar-Tvelos sanitaruli kodeqsi”.amiT parlamentis 7 maisisplenaruli sxdoma dasrulda.8 maisi. parlamentis sxdomazedilidanve dagegmili iyogeneraluri prokuroris _nugzar gabriCiZis winadadebebisganxilva _ parlamentis wevrisdaviT beJuaSvilisaTvis imunitetismoxsnis Taobaze, magramincidentis gamo (parlamentarjansuR Carkvianis siZis manqanisafeTqeba) generaluri prokuroriSemTxvevis adgilze gavidada sakiTxis ramdenime saaTiTgadadeba iTxova.sxdomaze deputatebma gancxadebebigaakeTes CeCnebis sasamarTloprocessa da maTieqstradaciis Taobaze. ninoburjanaZem parlamentarebs mouwodamaqsimaluri TavSekavebisken,raTa es sasamarTloze zewoladar CaTvliliyo.parlamentma muSaoba winadRiT ganxilul sakiTxebzekenWisyrebis proceduriT ganagrZo.sakmaod mwvave kamaTisSemdeg parlamentma kenWi uyarada I mosmeniT miiRo kanonproeqti‘samoqalaqo aqtebisregistraciis Sesaxeb”. amiTsakanonmdeblo organom miiRoprincipuli gadawyvetileba:dabadebis mowmobaSi grafis-‘erovneba/moqalaqeoba” aRdgenisSesaxeb.daCqarebuli wesiT-samive mosmeniTcvlilebebi da damatebebimiRebul iqna Semdeg kanonproeqtebSi:`sajaro samsaxurisSesaxeb”, `saqarTvelos parlamentiswevris sicocxlisa dajanmrTelobis savaldebulodazRvevisa da sapensio uzrunvelyofisSesaxeb”, `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisa da nebarTvisgacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb”, da, misgan gamomdinare,`wamlisa da farmacevtuli saqmianobisSesaxeb”, aseve `samedicinoda farmacevtuli saqmianobislicenzirebis Sesaxeb”,‘niadagis konservaciisa da misinayofierebis aRdgena-gaumjobesebisSesaxeb”, ‘maRalmTiani regionebissocialur-ekonomikuri da kulturuliganviTarebis Sesaxeb”,`geologiuri saqmianobis licenziisada gacemis Sesaxeb” da‘geodeziuri da kartografiulisaqmianobis Sesaxeb”. II da IIImosmeniT kenWi uyares da miiReskanonproeqti ‘iaraRis Sesaxeb”da masTan dakavSirebuli `samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemis safu-Zvlebis Sesaxeb”, `saqarTvelossanitaruli kodeqsi” da, misgangamomdinare, cvlilebebi dadamatebebi sabaJo kodeqsSi,sursaTisa da Tambaqos, wylis,sabiujeto sistemisa da sabiujetouflebamosilebaTa, garemosdacviTi nebarTvebis Sesaxeb”.parlamentma miiRo dadgenileba`2003 wlis 1-10 maisamdemimdinare da davalianebulierTi Tvis pensiis darigebisTaobaze”. aRniSnuli dadgenilebisproeqtis iniciatoriafraqcia ‘moZraoba demokratiulireformebisaTvis” wevri _ akakiboboxiZe.kenWisyris proceduris dam-Tavrebis Semdeg parlamentmasakanonmdeblo saqmianoba gaagrZela.sxdomaze gancxadeba gaakeTafraqcia `aRorZinebis”Tavmjdomarem jemal gogitiZem,romelmac uzenaesi sasamarTlosTavmjdomare vladimer WanturiaTavis daqvemdebarebaSi myofmosamarTleTa korpusis zewolaSidaadanaSaula da iTxova,zewolis faqtebi parlamentisdroebiTma sagamoZiebo komisiamgamoiZios.saRamos sxdomaze gadasaxadebisada Semosavlebis komitetisTavmjdomarem daviT saraliZemgansaxilvelad gamoitana kanonproeqti`sagadasaxado kodeqsSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze”, romelicsapensio nebayoflobiT dazRvevasexeba. amis Semdeg deputatebmadaiwyes `ukanono Semosavlebislegalizaciis aRkveTis Sesaxeb”kanonproeqtis meore mosmeniTganxilva, romelic warmoadginaerovnuli bankis prezidentismoadgilem merab kakuliam.dRis bolos, rogorc dagegmiliiyo, parlamentma moisminafinansTa ministris _ miriangogiaSvilis mier warmodgenilisaqarTvelos mTavrobis angariSi‘saqarTvelos 2002 wlissaxelmwifo biujetis SesrulebisSesaxeb”. amiT 8 maisisplenaruli sxdoma dasrulda.20 maisi. dRis wesrigisdamtkicebis Semdeg, saqarTvelosgeneralurma prokurorma nugzargabriCiZem parlamentiswevris daviT beJuaSvilisTvissadeputato imunitetis moxsnisTaobaze winadadeba warmoadgina.man parlamentarebs daviTbeJuaSvilis “s/s saqgazis” generaluri.direqtoris TanamdebobazemuSaobis periodSi gaweulisaqmianobis Sesaxeb informaciagaacno. misi TqmiT,moZiebuli masalebis Tanaxmad,adgili hqonda araerT kanondar-Rvevas, rogoricaa: gadasaxadebisTvisTavis arideba, sxvadasxvaarakanonieri operaciebis warmoeba...gen.prokuroris gancxadebiT,arsebuli masalebidangamomdinare, daviT beJuaSvilssadeputato imuniteti undaSeezRudos, raTa samarTaldamcavmaorganoebma obieqturigamoZiebis Catareba SeZlon.Tavad deputati ki wayenebulbraldebebs mis winaaRmdeg“agorebul kampanias” uwodebsda araobieqtur gamoZiebaSiprokuraturas adanaSaulebs.misi gancxadebiT prokuraturismasalebSi dafiqsirebuli braldebebiabsurdulia da simar-Tles ar Seesabameba. deputatimzad aris iTanamSromlos prokuraturasTan,raTa gamoZiebasworad da obieqturad warimarTos.Sesvenebis Semdeg parlamentarmafridon injiam warmoadginakonstituciuri kanonproeqti“saqarTvelos konstituciaSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb”. aRniSnulikanonproeqti SemuSavebuliasaqarTvelos leiboristulipartiis mier.fridon injias gancxadebiT,warmodgenili kanonproeqti samprincips moicavs: 1. orpalatianiparlamentis amoqmedeba;2. ministrTa kabinetis SemoReba3. qveynis teritoriuli mowyobisprincipebi.warmodgenili kanonproeqtiparlamentarTa mxridan aradamakmayofilebladSefasda. TiTqmisyvela saparlamento fraqciiswarmomadgenelma aRniSna, romkanonproeqti dasaxvewia.amiT 20 maisis plenarulisxdoma dasrulda.21 maisi. diliT plenarulisxdoma deputatTa gancxadebebiTp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i75


T v i d a n T v e m d edaiwyo, ris Semdegac kenWiuyares winaswar ganxilulramdenime sakiTxs, kenWisyrisSedegad cxinvalis regionisproblemebis Semswavleli droebiTisaparlamento komisiisTavmjdomared mcxeTis raionismaJoritari deputati badrixatiZe airCies.daCqarebuli wesiT III mosmeniTmiiRes kanonproeqti “saqarTvelossagadasaxado kodeqsSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze”.kenWisyris Sedegad parlamentmaar daakmayofila saqarTvelosgeneraluri prokuroris winadadeba,parlamentar daviT be-JuaSvilisTvis imunitetis moxsnisTaobaze.saRamos sxdomaze Tavdacvisministris moadgilem gelabeJaniSvilma gansaxilvelad warmoadginasaratifikacio dokumenti:“SeTanxmeba saqarTvelosTavdacvis saministrosa daamerikis SeerTebuli StatebisTavdacvis departaments SorisSesyidvisa da momsaxureobisSesaxeb”. ministris moadgilemvrclad isaubra aRniSnulidokumentis mniSvnelobaze daaRniSna, rom aSS-s analogiuriSeTanxmeba 33 qveyanasTan aqvsdadebuli. SeTanxmebis mizaniaor qveyanas Soris logikuriuzrunvelyofis, momaragebisa damomsaxureobis sferoSi Tanam-Sromlobis ganviTareba.adamianis uflebaTa dacvismoqalaqeTa peticiebisa dasamoqalaqo sazogadoebis mSeneblobiskomitetis Tavmjdomaremnana biWiaSvilma parlamentarebsgaacno kanonproeqti “patimrobisSesaxeb” saqarTveloskanonSi damatebebis SetanisTaobaze”.amave sxdomaze I mosmeniTganixiles kanonproeqti “ukanonoSemosavlebis organizaciisaRkveTis Sesaxeb”.22 maisi. parlamentis plernarulisxdoma, kvorumis uqonlobisgamo, mxolod dRismeore naxevarSi gaixsna. parlamentarebmaganixiles dadgenilebisproeqti ,,mudmivmoqmedisaparlamento delegaciebis Semadgenlobisgauqmebis Taobaze”.warmodgenili dadgenileba iTvaliswinebsparlamentis yvelamudmivmoqmedi delegaciis uflebamosilebisSewyvetas evrosabWossaparlamento asambleaSi,garda saqarTvelos delegaciisa.sxdomaze am sakiTxis ganxilvammwvave debatebi gamoiwvia.dadgenilebis kenWisyras parlamentmamxari ar dauWira.dRis meore naxevarSi parlamentarmavaxtang xmalaZem warmoadginakanonproeqti `saqarTvelossaarCevno kodeqsSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze”, romelicmiznad isaxavs saarCevno siebissakiTxis mowesrigebas, saubariasaarCevno ubnebSi arsebuldamatebiT siebze, sakiTxi exebaaseve samxedro mosamsaxureebisarCevnebSi monawileobas.parlamentar zaqaria qucna-Svilis gancxadebiT, saarCevnokanonis 130 punqtidan 128ukve Sejerebulia da mzadaris kenWisyrisaTvis.saRamos sxdomaze parlamentarebmaganixiles kanonproeqtebi:`saerTo sasamarTloebisSesaxeb, saqarTvelos organulkanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze” da“advokatTa Sesaxeb” saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa dadamatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb”.30 maiss prezidentis moTxovniTsaqarTvelos parlamentisriggareSe sesia gaixsna. deputatebisSekrebis mizezi iyo“saarCevno kodeqsi”.sxdoma 14 saaTisTvis dainiSna,magram kvorumis ararsebobisgamo saRamos 17 saaTisTvisgadaido.parlamenti saRamos Seikriba.dRis wesrigis damtkicebis Semdeg,deputatebma daiwyessaarCevno kodeqsis ganxilva,iuridiul sakiTxTa kanonierebisada administraciulireformebis komitetis Tavmjdomarispirvelma moadgilem,zaqaria qucnaSvilma, warmoadginasaarCevno kodeqsis sruliadaxali modeli, romelic iTvaliswinebsaxali saarCevno sistemisada saarCevno komisiisdakompleqtebis axal wess.kodeqsis Tanaxmad saarCevnokomisiaSi saqarTvelos prezidentiniSnavs sam wevrs. 7%-ian bariergadalaxuli partiebior-or wevrs 4%-iani erTerTs.xolo aWarisa da afxazeTisavtonomiuri respublikebidaniniSneba TiTo-TiTo warmomadgeneli.rac Seexeba opoziciurfraqciebs maT 10xmis ufleba gaaCniaT, xoloumravlesobas 6.fraqciam `gaerTianebuli demokratebi”wamoayena winadadebacsk-s gauqmebis Sesaxeb. aRni-Snul sakiTxTan dakavSirebiTfraqciebis warmomadgenlebmadaafiqsires TavianTi mosazrebebi.mwvave iyo `gaerTianebulidemokratebis lideriszurab Jvanias Sefaseba: umravlesobakompromisze unda wavidesda opozicias miscesgaerTianebis saSualeba. fraqcia,,moZraoba demokratiuli reformebisaTvis”Tavmjdomarem kotekemulariam, mkacrad gaakritikaZveli saarCevno sistema, cskssaqmianoba da xelisufleba.kenWisyrisas opoziciurmafraqciebma mxari dauWires csksgauqmebis sakiTxs, magram,gadawyvetileba mainc ver miiRes.sakanonmdeblo organos aseTigadawyvetilebiT ukmayofilo ramdenimeopoziciurma fraqciam:,,moZraoba demokratiuli reformebisaTvis”,“tradicionalistebi”,“gaerTianebuli demokratebi”,,axlebi” protestisniSnad darbazi datova.opoziciuri fraqciebis protestismiuxedavad parlamentmamuSaoba mainc ganagrZo. parlamentisTavmjdomarem, rogorcsaxelisuflebo fraqciebs, aseveopozicias mouwoda Sejerdesvarianti csk-s dakompleqtebisSesaxeb.2 ivniss. sakanonmdebloorganom kvlav ganaaxla muSaoba.deputatebma meore mosmeniTkenWi uyares kanons “advokatTaSesaxeb” da aqedan gamomdinaresam kanonproeqts: “samarTlissaproceso kodeqsSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis Setanis Taobaze”,(I, II da III mosmeniT), “samoqalaqosaproceso kodeqsSi”cvlilebebis Setanis Taobaze,(I II da III mosmeniT) da“saqarTvelos sakonstituciosamarTaldarRvevebis wesis Sesaxeb”vadis gadawevis Taobaze(I, II da III mosmeniT).kenWisyris proceduris dasrulebisSemdeg fraqciebis warmomadgenlebmaganixiles informacia:sankt-peterburgSi vizitisdros saqarTvelos prezidentismier rus samSvidoboebisaTvismandatis 10wliT gagrZelebis Taobaze.am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiTaxsna-ganmarteba gaakeTa dagavrcelebuli informacia uaryop a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i76


T v i d a n T v e m d eparlamentis Tavmjdomaris moadgilemvaxtang rCeuliSvilma.mosmenilma deputatebi ardaakmayofila da mwvave gancxadebebigagrZelda.amiT parlamentis riggareSesesia daixura.3 ivniss parlamentis plenarulisxdoma saqarTvelosorganul kanonSi “saqarTvelossaarCevno kodeqsi” cvlilebebisada damatebebis Setanis TaobazekamaTiT daiwyo. opoziciurifraqciebi centraluri saarCevnokomisiis daTxovnis sakiTxisdRis wesrigSi Setanis SesaxebkenWisyras moiTxovdnen. saxelisuflofraqciebi acxadebdnen,rom csk-s Semadgenlobisgauqmebas mxolod axali saar-Cevno wesiT damtkicebis SemTxvevaSidauWerdnen mxars. xangrZlivi,mwvave debatebis SemdegdeputatTa umravlesobam mxariopoziciis mier momzadebulikanonproeqtis dRis wesrigSiSetanis sakiTxs dauWira.parlamentis Tavmjdomarismcdelobis miuxedavad, saxelisuflofraqciebsa da opoziciasSoris SeuTanxmeblobisgamo dRis meore naxevarSisxdomis gagrZeleba ver moxerxda.4 ivniss parlamentis dilisplenarul sxdomaze opoziciurifraqciis wevrebi ar gamocxadnen.amitom sxdoma mogvianebiTgagrZelda. deputatebmaganixiles dRis wesrigiT gaTvaliswinebulisakiTxebi. pirvelimosmeniT kanonproeqti “saerTosasamarTloebis Sesaxeb” saqarTvelosorganul kanonSicvlilebebisa damatebebis SetanisTaobaze da “geodeziuri dakartografiuli saqmianobis Sesaxeb”saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisTaobaze. deputatebma meoremosmeniT ganixiles kanonproeqti:“samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciisSesaxeb” saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebis da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb.dRis meore naxevarSi kvorumiar mogrovda, ris gamoc sesiammuSaobis gagrZeleba ver SeZlo.5 ivnisis. parlamentis dilisplenarul sxdomaze kvorumimxolod Tormeti saaTisTvismogrovda, Tumca opoziciurifraqciebi boikotisniSnad sxdomaze kvlav argamocxadnen. parlamentis Tavmjdomaremnino burjanaZem imedigamoTqva, rom darbazSi myofideputatebi kanonproeqtis “saar-Cevno kodeqsSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis Setanis Sesaxeb”.vaxtang xmalaZis mier warmodgenilvariants ganixilavdnen,romelic csk-s dakompleqtebasim 15 wevrisagan iTvaliswinebs,romlebmac 7%-iani barierigadalaxes partiuli siiT. amsakiTxis irgvliv konsultaciebididxans gagrZelda, Tumca masSedegi ar moyva. deputatvaxtang xmalaZis mier warmodgenilikanonproeqtis variantisganxilvaze fraqciam “aRorZineba”uari ganacxada.sxdomaze mowveulni iyvnenda deputatTa SekiTxvebs upasuxessaxelmwifo ministrmaavTandil jorbenaZem da finansTaministrma mirian gogiaSvilma.kontrolis palatisTavmjdomarem sulxan molaSvilmagaakeTa moxseneba, `saqarTvelos2002 wlis saxelmwifo biujetisSesrulebis Sesaxeb~ mTavrobisangariSTan dakavSirebiT dapasuxi gasca deputatTa SekiTxvebs.6 ivniss dilis plenarulsxdomaze deputatebma kenWiuyares da miiRes dRis wesrigiTgaTvaliswinebuli kanonproeqtebi:II da III mosmeniT91 xmiT miiRes kanonproeqti“ukanono Semosavlis legalizaciisaRkveTis Sesaxeb:, IIImosmeniT kanonproeqti “samewarmeosaqmianobis licenziisada nebarTvis gacemis safuZvlebisSesaxeb”, II mosmeniTiqna miRebuli kanonproeqtebi“saqarTveloSi Tambaqoskontrolis”, “omisa da samxedroZalebis veteranebis Sesaxeb”saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis SetanisTaobaze.102 xmiT, erTxmad iqnamiRebuli dadgenilebis proeqti“iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTadroebiTi sacxovrebeli farTiTuzrunvelyofis Sesaxeb”. saRamossxdomaze deputatebma ganixilesfinansTa ministris mirian gogiaSvilismier warmodgenilikanonproeqti “saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi cvlilebebisda damatebebis Setanis Taobaze”.parlamentis TavmjdomaremSeSfoTeba gamoxata 2002 wlisda mimdinare wlis 4 Tvisbiujetis parametrebis SesrulebasTandakavSirebiT. ninoburjanaZis gancxadebiT, saqar-Tvelo am biujetiT vercafxazeTs daibrunebs da vercnatoSi Sesvlas moaxerxebs. mankidev erTxel Seaxsena deputatebsda xelisuflebas Turaoden didi pasuxismgeblobaekisrebaT xalxisa da qveyniswinaSe.plenaruli sxdoma gvianobamdegagrZelda.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i77


T v i d a n T v e m d e15 maiss gadasaxadebisa daSemosavlebis komitetis sxdomazeaqcizuri saqonlis monitokomitetebSi1 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentissafinanso-sabiujeto dagadasaxadebisa da Semosavlebiskomitetebis erTobliv sxdomaze“saqarTvelos 2002 wlis saxelmwifobiujetis SesrulebisSesaxeb” mTavrobis angariSiganixiles. komitetis wevrTawinaswari daskvnis mixedviT,parlaments mTavrobis angariSisdamtkicebis Sesaxeb rekomendaciasmainc miscems, TumcamTavrobis saqmianobas arasakmarisadafasebs.mTavrobis angariSi sxdomazefinansTa ministris moadgilemvasil gigolaSvilma warmoadgina.xazinis informaciiT: biujetSigarRveva 116 mln. laria.erovnuli bankis monacemebiT- 46 mln. lariT naklebi.2002 wlis biujetis Semosavlebida grantebi gegmis mixedviT- 1.061,339.5 mln. laria, romelicSesrulda - 85,3%-iT.kontrolis palatis daskvniT,mTavrobis angariSi arasrulida arazustia. amitom erTerTirekomendaciis mixedviT,saministroebis pirvel pirTamonawileobiT unda Seiqmnaskomisia, romelic gamomJRavnebuldarRvevebs Seiswavlisda 4 TveSi gansaxilveladwarudgens qveynis prezidentsada parlaments.2003 wlis pirveli ianvridansamxedro-savaldebulo samsaxurSigawvevas adgilobrivi mmarTvelobisada TviTmmarTvelobisorganoebi axorcieleben. aqedangamomdinare, saxelmwifo kancelariaSikanonproeqtTa paketimomzadda, romelic wvevamdel-TaTvis dawesebuli SeRavaTebisSezRudvas isaxavs miznad.2 maiss kanonproeqtTa paketi`samxedro valdebulebebisa dasamxedro samsaxuris Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisTaobaze~ Tavdacvisa da uSiSroebiskomitetis sxdomaze,saxelmwifo kancelariis regionalurimarTvis samsaxuris ufrosmairakli boWoriZem waradgina.kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad,SeRavaTebi gauqmdeba im pirebisgawvevaze, visac erTi Svilian oci kviris fexmZime meuRlehyavs. xolo wvevamdels, romelicpirvelad eqvemdebarebasamxedro samsaxurSi gawvevasda hyavs erTi Svili, gawvevagadauvaddeba sami wliT. gawvevisgadavadebisaTvis auclebeli wliurigadasaxadi 200 laridan600 laramde gaizrdeba.komitetis sxdomaze imsjelesam komitetis mier momzadebulkanonproeqtze, romlis mixedviT,sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb kanonSicvlilebebi unda Sevides.am cvlilebebis Tanaxmad, sajarosamsaxurSi muSaoba aekrZalebaim pirebs, romelTac savaldebulosamxedro samsaxuri gavliliar eqneba.2 maiss gaimarTa parlamentisiuridiul sakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciulireformebis, aseve, adamianisuflebaTa dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqosazogadoebis mSeneblobis komitetiserToblivi sxdoma. amkomitetebis wevrebisgan SemdgarimuSa-jgufi amzadebs kanonproeqts- `sacxovrebeli sadgomiTsargeblobisaTvis warmo-Sobili urTierTobebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~.sxdomaze moiwvies orivemxare: saxlebis mSenebeliorganizaciebis warmomadgenlebida am saxlebSi arsebulisacxovrebeli farTis mflobelni.warmoSobili problemebisTaobaze maT kanonproeqtzemomuSave jgufis wevrebsTavianTi mosazrebebi gaacvnes.2 maiss parlamentis adamianisuflebaTa dacvis, moqalaqeTapeticiebisa da samoqalaqosazogadoebis mSeneblobis; janmr-Telobis dacvisa da socialursakiTxTa; iuridiul sakiTxTa,kanonierebisa da administraciulireformebis komitetebiserTobliv sakomiteto mosmenazesaqarTvelos prezidentis sakanonmdebloiniciativiT warmodgenilikanonproeqtebi ganixiles:“saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTliskodeqsSi~ cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~ da“saqarTvelos administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSidamatebis Setanis Sesaxeb~,romlebic saerTaSoriso aqtebisSesabamisad, iseTi axali dana-Saulis Semadgenlobis SemoRebasiTvaliswinebs, rogoricaa: erovnulida rasobrivi diskriminacia,Trefiqingi, SezRuduliSesaZleblobebis mqone pirTauflebebis SezRudva da sxva.gadawyda, rom sakiTxi mzadaaplenarul sxdomaze gasatanad.15 maiss parlamentis safinanso-sabiujetokomitetissxdomaze moismines kontrolispalatis angariSi 2002 welsgaweuli saqmianobis Sesaxeb.kontrolis palatis Tavmjdomaris- sulxan molaSvilisTqmiT, 2002 wlis biujetissasargeblod damatebiT daricxvasdaeqvemdebara 400 aTaszemeti lari. am Tanxidansagadasaxado organoebis mieramoRebulia 139 aTasze metilari. “es monacemebi 2001wlis monacemebs 2-jer aRemateba~,- ganacxada sulxan molaSvilma.misive TqmiT, kontrolispalatis masalebis SemowmebissafuZvelze, Sesabamis uwyebebsgadaegzavna 368 wardgineba,romelTa safuZvelze 847Tanamdebobis piris mimarT disciplinarulipasuxismgeblobissxvadasxva zoma gatarda. amasgarda, Tanamdebobidan gaaTavisufles307, disciplinarulisasjeli gatarda 540 pirismimarT. gamomJRavnebuli faqtebiantikorufciul-politikur sakoordinaciosabWos gamosakvlevadgadaecema.saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi cvlileba, - ufiltrosigaretsa da papirosze aqcizurimarkis 7 TeTridan 2TeTramde Semcireba - aminiciativis avtoris, lagodexisraionis maJoritari deputatis- daviT kapanaZis azriT, xelsSeuwyobs adgilobrivi mewarmeobisganviTarebas da Seamcirebssigaretis kontrabandas.am mosazrebas ewinaaRmdegebadeputati nodar javaxiSvili,romlis azriT, nebismiermaSemcirebam SeiZleba, am sferoSigazardos korufcia. risimagaliTebic ukve praqtikulsaqmianobaSi gvxvdeba.am iniciativis winaaRmdegfinansTa saministros warmomadgenlebicgamovidnen, Tumca,rogorc komitetis Tavmjdomaremzaza sioriZem ganacxada,sakiTxs plenarul sxdomazemainc ganixilaven.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i78


T v i d a n T v e m d eringis biuros saqmianobazeimsjeles.komitetis wevrTa daskvniT,biuros muSaoba aradamakmayofilebladSefasda. gamoiTqva azri,rom biuro, saqmianobis efeqturobisgazrdis mizniT, sagadasaxadodepartamentTan gaerTiandes.amas finansTa saministroswarmomadgenlebic daeTanxmnen,magram sagadasaxado da sabaJodepartamentebidan mowveulmaTanamSromlebma mxari ar dau-Wires. saboloo SeTanxmeba,ver moxerxda. komitetis TavmjdomarisdaviT salariZisTqmiT, bolo oTxi TvismanZilze aqcizuri saqonlidansaxelmwifo biujetSi SesulmaTanxam 15 mln. lari Seadgina,xolo danaklisi 30-40 mln.laria.16 maiss dargobrivi ekonomikiskomitetis gafarToebulsxdomaze ganixiles kanonproeqti`damoukidebeli erovnuli maregulirebeliorganoebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisada damatebebis SetanisTaobaze~. sakiTxi gansaxilveladkomitetis Tavmjdomarem demurgiorxeliZem gamoitana.warmodgenili cvlilebebismixedviT, ukve arsebul kanonsaxali Tavi - “momxmarebelTainteresebis sazogadoebrivi damcveli~daemata. proeqtis amocanaaris maregulirebel komisiebTanarsebuli momxmarebelTa interesebisdamcveli advokatissamsaxuris Seqmna, romelic,komisiis mier satarifo Tusxva saxis gadawyvetilebismomzadebisas, mxared wardgebada momxmarebelTa interesebsdaicavs.demur giorxeliZis azriT,am cvlilebiT maregulirebelkomisias misTvis Seusabamofunqcia - momxmarebelTa interesebisdacva Camoscildebada maregulirebel komisiebSisakiTxis ganxilva politikuriavanscenidan profesiulze gadainacvlebs.saqarTvelos energetikis maregulirebelikomisiis Tavmjdomaremelizbar erisTavma warmodgenilicvlilebebi uaryofiTadSeafasa, miuxedavad amisa,kanonproeqts komiteti plenarulsxdomaze gansaxilveladmainc gaitans.komitetis wevrebma ganixilesagreTve kanonproeqtebi: “kavSirgabmulobisada fostis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisSetanis Taobaze~ da“gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobisada strategiuli daniSnulebisobieqtebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTveloskanonSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Sesaxeb~.sxdomaze imsjeles saxelmwifoenergetikuli politikis ganxilvisada damtkicebis wesisSesaxeb. sxdomaze aRiniSna, romsagazafxulo sesiis dasrulebamdeaRmasrulebeli xelisuflebasaxelmwifo energetikulpolitikas warmoadgens, romelsacparlamenti ganixilavs.20 maiss gaimarTa parlamentissamoqalaqo integraciiskomitetis sxdoma, romelzecganixiles kanonproeqti “samoqalaqoaqtebis registraciisSesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~.kanonproeqti parlamentma ImosmeniT miiRo. am gadawyvetilebismixedviT, dabadebismowmobaSi unda SesuliyoCanaweri: erovneba/moqalaqeoba/-qarTuli. am kanonproeqtisganxilvas kamaTi uZRoda, sabolooSeTanxmeba ki dRemdemiRweuli ar iyo. sworedamitom aRniSnuli kanonproeqtimimdinare sasesio kviris dRiswesrigSi ar Sevida.komitetis sxdomaze sakmaodxangrZlivi ganxilvis Semdeg,romelSic, komitetis wevrebisgarda, iusticiis ministrismoadgile zurab ezugbaia daam kanonproeqtis aqtiuri oponentiguram SaraZec monawileobdnen,im daskvnamde mividnen,rom saaqto CanawerSi, rissafuZvelzec moqalaqis registraciismowmobebi gaicema, erovnebisgrafa unda aRdges,registraciis mowmobebi saqarTvelosyvela moqalaqisaTviserTgvarovani iqneba da masSiSeitanen Canawers - moqalaqeoba(nacionaloba) - saqarTvelosmoqalaqe. komitetis wevrebidaeTanxmnen warmodgenil variantebs,rasac komiteti parlamentisplenarul sxdomas warudgens.22 maiss parlamentis agrarulsakiTxTa komitetis sxdomazeimsjeles amave komitetismier sakanonmdeblo iniciativiswesiT warmodgenil kanonproeqtSi,sasoflo-sameurneomiwis ijarasTan dakavSirebiT_ Sesatan cvlilebebsa dadamatebebze, romelic iTvaliswinebssasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebismiwaze sagadasaxadosistemis srulyofas, samoqalaqokodeqsTan SesabamisobaSi mismoyvanas. rogorc iTqva, escvlilebebi biujetidan damatebiTixarjebs ar moiTxovs.komitetis sxdomaze ganixiles“sasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebismiwis sakuTrebis Sesaxeb”saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebe-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i79


T v i d a n T v e m d ebisa da damatebebis SetanissakiTxebi, “sabaJo tarifisada gadasaxadis Sesaxeb” saqar-Tvelos kanonSi cvlilebebisSetanis Taobaze” parlamentiswevris daviT kapanaZis mierwarmodgenili Tambaqos dabegvras-Tan dakavSirebuli kanonproeqti.agrarul sakiTxTa komitetiswevrebi ganxilul kanonproeqtebSicvlilebebisa dadamatebebis Setanas nawilobrivdaeTanxmnen, xolo saboloodaskvnas, konsultaciebis Semdeg,plenarul sxdomaze waradgenen.23 maiss gaimarTa samoqalaqointegraciis komitetisgafarToebuli sxdoma Temaze:`samegrelos regionSi winasaar-Cevno periodSi samoqalaqoTanxmobis uzrunvelyofisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~. mis mu-SaobaSi monawileobdnen centraluriaRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis,aSS, didi britaneTisda safrangeTis saelCoebis,sxva saerTaSoriso organizaciebiswarmomadgenlebi, raionebisxelmZRvanelebi.samoqalaqo integraciis komitetisTavmjdomarem besik lagvlavamganacxada: samegrelosregioni konfliqtis zonismimdebarea, aq bunebrivadaaSeqmnili xelsayreli pirobebiCvendami arakeTilad ganwyobiliqveynebis specsamsaxurebisaTvis,vis interesSic ar Sedissamoqalaqo Tanxmobis miRweva.aqedan gamomdinare, am regionSiwinasaarCevnod viTarebis daZabvaamosalodneli.sxdomaze generalurma prokurormanugzar gabriCiZem,saxelmwifo uSiSroebis ministrmavaleri xaburZaniam, samegrelo-zemosvaneTis mxareSiprezidentis rwmunebulis pirvelmamoadgilem Tengiz WiTanavam,samegrelos raionebisxelmZRvanelebma isaubres regionSiSeqmnil viTarebasa damisi gaumjobesebis RonisZiebebze.saxelmwifo uSiSroebis ministrmaaRniSna, rom am mxareSimosaxleobaSi darCenilia Zalzedidi raodenobis iaraRi damouzomavma nabijebma SeiZlebagauTvaliswinebeli Sedegi gamoiRos,amitomac politikuripartiebis xelmZRvanelebs didisifrTxile marTebT.yvela gamomsvleli erTsulovaniiyo imaSi, rom politikurdapirispirebaSi ZaladobrivimeTodebi ar unda iqnes gamoyenebuli.komitetma winasaarCevno periodSisamoqalaqo Tanxmobis misaRwevadkonkretul RonisZiebaTagegma SeimuSava - TiToeulipolitikuri Zaladobis faqtzereagirebisaTvis Seiqmneba monitoringisjgufi, amuSavdeba`cxeli xazi~. komitetTan Tanam-Sromlobis survili gamoTqvaramdenime saerTaSoriso organizaciam.28 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentisregionaluri politikisada TviTmmarTvelobiskomitetis sxdomaze moisminessaqarTvelos prezidentis iniciativiswesiT warmodgenilikanonproeqti adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobiserTeulis qonebisSesaxeb~ da misgan gamomdinarekanonproeqtebze imsjeles. sxdomaseswrebodnen Sesabamisi saministroebiswarmomadgenlebi,romelTac sakuTari winadadebebida mosazrebebi gamoTqves.kanonproeqtSi “adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobis erTeulisqonebis Sesaxeb~, romelSicadgilobrivi qoneba, maTidaniSnulebisa da mniSvnelobidangamomdinare, kategoriebadaris dayofili, damatebiTiqonebis gadacemasTan dakavSirebiTgansxvavebuli midgoma fiqsirdeba.komitetis wevrebma ganixilesda Seajeres evrosabWos eqspertebismonawileobiT Sedgenilirekomendaciebi.rogorc komitetis Tavmjdomaremnugzar navaZem aRniSna,cvlilebebisa da damatebebisSejerebul variants gansaxilveladmomaval plenarul sxdomazegaitanen.29 maiss dargobrivi ekonomikiskomitetis wevrebmaimsjeles parlamentSi energetikulipolitikis ganxilvisprocedurebze. rogorc sxdomazeaRniSnes, es sakiTxi, komitetisiniciativiT, eqvsi wlismanZilze muSavdeboda, magram,am komitetis yofili Tavmjdomariszurab cqitiSvilisTqmiT, sakiTxis ganxilva dRemdever moxerxda da amis erTerTirealuri mizezi aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis sifrTxilea.energetikis sferoSiyovelwliuri krizisia, dRemdeCamoyalibebuli araa dargismarTvis sistema da saTbobenergetikisministris, rogorcaRniSnul sferoSi politikisSemmuSaveblisa da wamyvanis,funqcia. man iqve dasZina,rom parlamentma aucilebladunda imsjelos energetikaSiSeqmnili situaciis Taobazeda am parlamentma uflebamosilebisvadis amowurvamdeunda miiRos koncefcia, xolo,Tu aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebaar moisurvebs am sakiTxisparlamentSi ganxilvas, maSinparlamentma unda miiRos politikurigadawyvetileba daTviTon daniSnos momxsenebeli.komitetis Tavmjdomarem demurgiorxeliZem ganacxada, romaRmasrulebel xelisuflebasTankonfrontaciis safuZveli ararsebobs da dargis ministriam dReebSi koncefciis Sesworebulvariants Semoitans.man imedi gamoTqva, rom sakiTxsparlamenti uaxloes plenarulsxdomaze ganixilavs.komitetis wevrebma mxaridauWires plenarul sxdomaze~erovnuli maregulirebeliorganoebis Sesaxeb~ kanonSicvlilebebisa da damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqtisgatanas im SeniSvnebis gaTvaliswinebiT,romlebic komitetiswevrebma gamoTqves.sxdomaze ganixiles fraqciis_ ~moZraoba demokratiulireformebisaTvis~ _ miersakanonmdeblo iniciativis wesiTwarmodgenili kanonproeqti~saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi damatebebis SetanisTaobaze~, romliTac fraqciiswevrebi iTxoven, saSemosavlogadasaxadiT ar daibegros maswavleblebispedagogiuri saqmianobiTmiRebuli Semosavlebi.sxdomaze ganixiles, agreTve,safinanso-sabiujeto komitetismier sakanonmdeblo iniciativiswesiT warmodgenili kanonproeqti_ `saqarTvelos sagadasaxadokodeqsSi damatebebisSetanis Taobaze~ _ da mxaridauWires plenarul sxdomazemis ganxilvas.30 maiss gaimarTa iuridiulsakiTxTa, kanonierebisada administraciuli reformebiskomitetis sxdoma, romlismuSaobaSi monawileobdnen iusticiisministri roland giligaSvili,aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebissxvadasxva struqturiswarmomadgenlebi.Tavdapirvelad ganixiles prokuraturismuSakTa sapensiouzrunvelyofis sakiTxi. sxdo-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i80


T v i d a n T v e m d emaze aRiniSna, rom prokuraturissistemis yofili muSakebi,romlebic pensiaze imyofebian,dRemde ver iReben gazrdilpensiebs. finansTa saministroswarmomadgenlebis azriT,es samarTlebrivad arasrulyofilikanonmdeblobis bralia.komitetis gadawyvetilebiT,Sesabamisi struqturebis warmomadgenlebi,komitetTan erTad,sakiTxs damatebiT Seiswavlianda plenarul sxdomaze gansaxilveladgamoitanen.komitetma imsjela geologiuridepartamentis sainiciativojgufis xelmZRvanelisdaviT gvazavasa da parlamentiswevris akaki boboxiZis gancxadebaze,geologiis departamentisSenobaSi, saqarTvelosprezidentis werilis safuZvelze,devnilebis SesaxlebisTaobaze.rogorc iusticiis ministrmaroland giligaSvilma ganacxada,prezidenti sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebisaRsrulebis procesSiar Careula da arc konstituciadaurRvevia. man, Seqmnilimdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT,konkretul viTarebaSimiiRo gadawyvetileba.komitetis Tavmjdomarem goCapaiWaZem aRniSna, rom am sakiTxisganxilva gagrZeldeba da uzenaesisasamarTlos Tavmjdomares_ vladimer Wanturias ganxilvazedaswreba sTxova.sxdomaze aseve ganixiles gana-Tlebis saministros esTetikuriaRzrdis centris TanamSromelTakoleqtiuri gancxadeba. ganaTlebisministris brZanebiT,isini, sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebissafuZvelze, TanamdebobazeaRadgines. amis gamosamarTlebrivi kolizia Seiqmna.rogorc ganaTlebis ministrismoadgilem geno malazoniamganacxada, sakiTxTan dakavSirebiTsaministros gadawyvetileba daaxloebiTerT TveSi gaxdebacnobili.4 ivniss gaimarTa samoqalaqointegraciis komitetissxdoma, romelzec ltolvilTayovelwliuri registraciis Sesaxebisaubres. sxdomis muSaobaSimonawileobdnen aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis sxvadasxvauwyebis warmomadgenlebi,gaeros ltolvilTa umaRlesikomisris mrCeveli samarTlebrivsakiTxebSi vitali maslovski.informacia saqarTveloSiltolvilTa yovelwliuri registraciisSesaxeb deputatebsltolvilTa da gansaxlebisministris movaleobis SemsrulebelmaoTar yeinaSvilma gaacno.rogorc man aRniSna,saministrom ukve miiRo debulebaltolvilis statusisminiWebis Sesaxeb da amieridanmaTi aRwera am normatiuliaqtis mixedviT moxdeba. manTqva, rom am dReebSi daiwyebaltolvilTa aRweris procesi.ltolvilTa ZiriTadi nawiliCeCneTidanaa da pankisis xeobissoflebSi kompaqturad arisdasaxlebuli. pirveli aRwerisSemdeg ltolvilis statusiSvidiaTasze met adamians mieniWa,SarSandeli aRweris SemdegmaTi ricxvi 4193-s Seadgens.aRweris procesis materialuruzrunvelyofas ltolvilTaumaRlesi komisris Tbilisissamsaxuri axorcielebs. oTaryeinaSvilma aRniSna, romkomisiis SemadgenlobaSi, romelicaRweras Caatarebs, SedianZalovani struqturebis, adgilobriviTviTmmarTvelobisorganoebis warmomadgenlebi,meTvalyureebi ltolvilTa uma-Rlesi komisariatidan. kompaqturaddasaxlebuli ltolvilebissocialuri dacva kiTavis droze ikisra gaerosSesabamisma samsaxurma.samoqalaqo integraciis komitetisTavmjdomarem besik lagvilavamganacxada, rom aRni-Snuli sakiTxi mudmivad iqnebakomitetis yuradRebis sagani.5 ivniss Tavdacvisa dauSiSroebis komitetis sxdomaze“avariul-samaSvelo samsaxurebisada maSvelebis statusis Sesaxeb~kanonproeqti ganixiles. kanonproeqtimiznad isaxavs, qveynisteritoriaze avariul-samaSvelosamsaxurebis, da maTi saqmianobisorganizaciul-samarTlebrivida ekonomikuri safuZvlebisSeqmnas. adgens maSvelisuflebebs, movaleobebsa da pasuxismgeblobas,gansazRvravssaxelmwifo politikas maSvelis,aseve saqarTvelos sxva moqalaqeebismimarT, romlebic sagangebosituaciebis salikvidaciosamuSaoebis CatarebaSi monawileoben.rogorc sxdomaze iTqva,kanonproeqti momzadebulia SinagansaqmeTa saministros mierda misi miReba ar gamoiwvevssaxelmwifo biujetSi damatebiTiTanxebis gamoyofas.sxdomaze komitetis Tavmjdomaremirakli baTiaSvilma ganacxada:kodoris xeobaSi `gaerosdamkvirvebelTa gataceba ariskriminaluri bandis mier ganxorcielebuliSemzaravi provokacia.darwmunebuli var, rogorcoperatiuli, aseve adgilobriviZalebi maqsimums gaakeTeben,raTa dauyovneblivmoxdes gatacebulTa dabruneba~.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i81


T v i d a n T v e m d epreskonferenciapreskonferencia, romelicsaqarTvelos `natoSi~ gawevrianebas,integraciisaTvis saWiroekonomikur-socialur dasamxedro mdgomareobas, aseveparlamentis wevrTa `natoSi~4-11 aprilis vizitsa da Sedegebsexeboda - arasamTavrobo organizaciis`saqarTvelo natosaTvis~ofisSi 9 maiss Catarda.parlamentis oTxi wevrisgiorgi wereTlis, maia nadira-Zis, daviT koRuaSvilisa dadaviT gamyreliZis viziti daSexvedrebi rumineTsa da briuselSi- saqarTveloSi aSS-ssaelCosa da amerikis misiisorganizatorobiT moewyo.parlamentis Tavmjdomarismoadgilem giorgi wereTelmaaRniSna, rom vizitis periodSiqarTuli delegacia “natos~strategiaze momuSave analitikosebsada mimomxilvelebsSexvda. maT miaCniaT, rom saqar-Tvelos cota dro aqvs amsakiTxebis mosagvareblad, TanacsaWiroa, saqarTvelosaTvis erovnuliprogramebis “erovnulimakonsolidirebeli ideis~ Seqmna.radgan “natoSi~ Semavaliqveynebi unda akmayofilebdnenam organizaciis garkveulstandartebs, “nato~ TavSesafariar aris da masSi SesvlamTavrobasa da opozicias SorisgauTavebeli brZolis fonzeSeuZlebelia~.parlamentis wevr daviTgamyreliZes, miaCnia: am vizitisSemdeg parlamentis muSaobasxvadasxva mimarTulebiT ufrometad gaaqtiurdeba, rac aRmasrulebelxelisuflebaSi procesebismimdinareobis daCqarebasxels Seuwyobs.preskonferencias eswrebodasaqarTveloSi rumineTis elCikonstantis girbea. man saqarTvelosparlametarTa vizitsrumineTSi da natos StabbinaSiwin gadadgmuli nabijiuwoda da dasZina: saqarTvelorumineTisaTvis ara mxolodmegobruli da erTmorwmune,aramed ekonomikur-strategiulipartnioricaa.30 maiss natos saparlamentoasambleaSi saqarTvelossaparlamento delegaciis xelmZ-Rvanelma, fraqcia ~gaerTianebulidemokratebis~ Tavmjdomaremgiorgi baramiZem brifingigamarTa. brifingis Tema iyonatos saparlamento asambleissagazafxulo sesia, romelic24-29 maiss praRaSi gaimarTa.giorgi baramiZem ganacxada:natos saparlamento asambleisfarglebSi oficialurad SeiqmnasaqarTvelos, azerbaijanisa daukrainis koalicia. natoSiam qveynebis gawevrianebis procesSierToblivi moqmedebisaTvis.koaliciis Seqmna wingadadgmuli seriozuli nabijia,vinaidan am procesSi Tanamoazreebigveyoleba da ara mowinaaRmdegebi.SeerTebis surviligamoTqva serbiamac. esmoxdeba maSin, roca serbianatos saparlamento asambleisasocirebuli wevri gaxdeba.“Cveni winadadebis safuZvelzeSeicvala natos saparlamentoasambleis politikuri komitetiscentraluri da aRmosavleTevropis qvekomitetis saxelwodeba.igi Camoyalibda,rogorc centraluri, aRmosavleTevropisa da kavkasiisregionis qvekomiteti, rac imasniSnavs, rom amieridan kavkasiisregioni oficialurad gaxdebanatos saparlamento asambleisyoveldRiuri zrunvis sagani.es Zalze mniSvnelovania, radganacCveni evropeli kolegebixSir SemTxvevaSi informirebuliar arian kavkasiaSi arsebuliviTarebis Sesaxeb~.aRniSnuli sesia, rogorcgiorgi baramiZem Tqva, imiTaciyo mniSvnelovani, rom saqar-Tvelos saparlamento delegaciaspirvelad mieca saSualeba,natos saparlamento asambleistribunidan gaekeTebina oficialurigancxadeba afxazeTissakiTxis, saqarTvelos teritoriidanruseTis samxedro bazebisgayvanis Taobaze.saqarTvelo-ruseTis urTier-Toba da mimdinare politikurimovlenebi iyo parlamentisTavmjdomaris moadgilis, socilisturipartiis liderisvaxtang rCeuliSvilis preskonferenciisTema, romelic 2ivniss gaimarTa. igi sanktpeterburgis300 wlisTavisadmimiZRvnil saiubileo RonisZiebebSimonawileobda.am RonisZiebas qarTul-rusuliurTierTobebis daTbobisaTvisdidi mniSvneloba aqvs.radgan ruseTma Tavisi swrafvadasavleTisaken, ukve mkafiodgamoxata.~vicespikerma saqarTveloSigavrcelebul informacias,TiTqos, ruseTis samSvidoboZalebs vada 10 wliT gaugrZelda,wminda wylis provokaciauwoda: ,,Woris avtorTes dasWirdaT, raTa msoflioliderebis Sexvedris STabeWdilebada Sedegi gaeqarwylebinaT.erTaderTi unikaluriSansi Cveni problemebis gadaWrisaswored isaa, rom ruseTidasavlur samyaroSi Caeweros.sxva SemTxvevaSi, saqarTvelosada ruseTis urTierTobisgamosworebas momavali ar eqneba,vinaidan saqarTvelo Tavisdasavlur orientaciaze uarsarasodes ityvis. ~vaxtang rCeuliSvilma mimdinarepolitikur movlenebTandakavSirebiT ganacxada, romparlamentis arCevnebis normaluradda obieqturad CasatarebladZalisxmevas ar daiSureben.“saqarTvelos aqvs Zala, Tavidanaicilos destabilizacia, radgandRes igi aTi wlis winandelisusti qveyana aRar aris~, -ganacxada socialistTa lidermada mosaxleobas mouwoda, arCaerTon im provokaciaSi,romliskenac maT opoziciuripartiebi mouwodeben.2 ivniss gamarTul preskonferenciazeparlamentis wevrmaleiboristuli partiis saorganizaciomdivanma fridon injiam,leiboristuli partiis ekonomikurisabWos mier momzadebulikanonproeqti warmoadgina, romelicsaqarTvelos SromiskanonTa kodeqsSi damatebebisSetanas Seexeba. misi gancxadebiT,saxelmwifo biujetidan xelfasebisada pensiebis gacemisdagvianeba biurokratiuli sistemismankieri qmedebebis gamoxdeba. amitom, aucilebeliadamcavi meqanizmis SemoReba,rac gulisxmobs, momavalSip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i82


T v i d a n T v e m d esaxelfaso da sapensio davalianebebisgamcemma aiRos valdebulebada yovel vadagadacilebuldReze sanqcia gadaixados- gasacemi xelfasisada pensiis 0.15%.fridon injias mosazrebiT,Tu am kanonproeqtis miRebamoxerxdeba, pensioners, romelsacwlis ganmavlobaSi 168 lariunda mieRo da mTeli wlismanZilze pensias ar miiRebs,sauravis saxiT daemateba 49lari, rac jamSi 217 larsSeadgens.kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad, SromiskanonTa kodeqsis 94-e da234-e muxlebSi Sesabamisicvlilebebi Seva da kanonisamoqmedebamde warmoqmnil saxelfasoda sapensio davalianebebzear gavrceldeba.4 ivniss evropis sabWosmomxseneblebma, _ maTias eorSmada evgeni kirilovma _ JurnalistebisaTvispreskonferenciagamarTes.matias eorSis ganmartebiT,saqarTveloSi evrosabWos momxsenebelTaamJamindeli viziti,momavali saparlamento arCevnebisTemas ukavSirdeba. erT-erTZiriTad problemad kvlavcentraluri saarCevno komisiisdakompleqtebis wesis gansazRvrarCeba da aucilebelia, sakiTxTandakavSirebiT am xelisuflebasada opozicias Soris garkveuliSeTanxmebis miRweva.maTias eorSis gancxadebiT,evrosabWos monitoringis komitetismoxsenebis saboloo varianti,evropis sabWos saparlamentoasambleas gansaxilveladam wlis seqtemberSi waredgineba.momxseneblebma imedi gamoTqves,rom am droisaTvis saarCevnokanonmdeblobaze muSaoba dasruldebada arCevnebi saqarTveloSibrwyinvaled Catardeba.5 ivniss deputatma giorgibaramiZem preskonferencia gamarTa,romelSic niqsoniscentris saerTaSoriso usafrTxoebisada energetikuli programebisdireqtori zein baranimonawileobda. preskonferenciisTema energetikuli usafrTxoebissakiTxebSi saqarTvelos politikuriorientacia iyo. parlamentarisTqmiT, bolo xanebSisaqarTvelos xelisuflebis miermiRebuli gadawyvetilebebiewinaaRmdegeba Cveni qveynisdasavlur orientaciebs, amasadasturebs soWSi, saqarTveloruseTisprezidentebis SexvedrazemiRebuli gadawyvetileba:engurhesis ruseTisaTvis 25wliT gadacemis Taobaze _amavdroulad, daiwyo molaparakebasaqgazis magistralisgazsadenis ruseTis gazis kompaniisTvis(gazpromi) gadacemaze.amgvari gadawyvetilebebi safrTxesuqmnis baqo-jeihanisa da gazismilsadenis proeqtebis ganxorcielebas,aviakompaniebs_«TurqiSearlainssa» da «briTi-Searlainss» muSaobaSi SeferxebebiSeeqmnaT. dasaxelebulifaqtebi metyveleben, romsaqarTvelo politikur mimarTulebasicvlis, -ganacxada giorgibaramiZem.baramiZis TqmiT, qveynis strategiuliobieqtebis sxva qveynisaTvisgadacema aucilebeliar aris, radgan es sazianoa.amerikis SeerTebuli StatebisaqarTveloSi, Tavisi interesebidangamomdinare did yuradRebasda gansakuTrebulmniSvnelobas aniWebs noembrisarCevnebs, _ dasZina zein baranma.5 ivniss ucxoeTSi mcxovrebTanamemamuleTa saqmeebisa dasazRvargareT arsebul erovnulfaseulobaTa dabrunebis parlamentiskomisiis Tavmjdomarem,_ guram SaraZem JurnalistebisaTvisgamarTul preskonferenciazesaqarTveloSi marTlmadidebelTauflebebis darRvevisfaqtebze isaubra.guram SaraZis gancxadebiT,saqarTveloSi uxeSad irRvevamarTlmadidebelTa uflebebi,rasac xels uwyobs, religiisSesaxeb kanonis uqonloba.guram SaraZem vake-sabur-Talos raionuli sasamarTlosmier gamotanili gadawyvetilebagaaprotesta, romlis Tanaxmad,gldanis eklesiis winamZRvarsbasil mkalaviSvils winaswaripatimroba Seefarda. parlamentarisganmartebiT, sasamar-Tlo Tavisuflebis institutisa~da mixeil saakaSvilisdakveTas asrulebs da es martovake-saburTalos raionul sasamarTlosar exeba. misi TqmiT,ieRovelTa literatura, romelicmkalaviSvilma da mismamomxreebma gaanadgures, antisaxelmwifoebrivida kontrabanduliiyo. guram SaraZemsamarTaldamcav organoebs mouwoda,basil mkalaviSvilis mimarTsisxlis samarTlis devnaSewyviton, radgan sasamarTlosmier gacemul sanqcias arakanonieradmiiCnevs.sxvadasxva9 maiss meore msoflioomSi faSizmze gamarjvebis dRisaRsaniSnavad omis 200-mdeveterani saqarTvelos parlamentstradiciulad ewvia.parlamentis Tavmjdomarismoadgilem vaxtang yolbaiam,parlamentis Tavdacvisa dauSiSroebis komitetis Tavmjdomaremirakli baTiaSvilma dajanmrTelobis dacvisa da socialursakiTxTa komitetis Tavmjdomaremzezva RuRuniSvilmaRvawlmosili mamuliSvilebisgmiroba kidev erTxel aRniSnesda faSizmze gamarjvebis dRemiuloces stumrebs.sagangebod mowyobil sazeimoSexvedras parlamentis Tavmjdomarenino burjanaZe daeswro.sapatio stumrebs parlamentissaxeliT samaxsovro saCuqrebidauriges, xolo parlamentisTavmjdomarem JurnalistebTansaubrisas aRniSna: “gulwrfeladvwuxvar, rom am adamianebs,vinc ioma, iSroma da Rirseuladicxovra, ver vuqmniTarsebobisaTvis saWiro elementarulpirobebs. is maincSegviZlia, rom moveferoT,madloba vuTxraT imisaTvis,rac gaukeTebiaT da maTiRvawli aRvniSnoT.14 maiss gaimarTa saqarTvelosparlamentis korufciasTanbrZolis droebiTi sagamoZiebokomisiis sxdoma, romelzecganixiles: Tbilisis saolqosagadasaxado da msxvilgadamxdelTainspeqciebSi damatebulip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i83


T v i d a n T v e m d eRirebulebis gadasaxadiT dabegvrisada misi gadaxdis realoba;kompania `anglo oil interneiSenalltd.~-s saCivarTandakavSirebiT Catarebuli SemowmebisSedegebi da `binis mesakuTreTauflebebis dacvissazogadoebrivi kavSiris~ saCivari.parlamentis komisiam SeiswavlaTbilisis saolqo sagadasaxadoda msxvilgadamxdelTainspeqciebidan miRebuli masalebi,gaaanaliza kontrolispalatis masalebi da daadgina:qveynis biujetis Sevsebas arsebulidarRvevebisa da korufciuldanaSaulobaTa garda,xels uSlis moqmedi sagadasaxadokanonmdebloba da administrirebissusti pirobebi. aqedangamomdinare, unda Seicvalos:sagadasaxado kodeqsSi sagadasaxadoorganoebis pasuxismgebelimuSakebisa da gadamxdelebismimarT, sagadasaxado angariSfaqturebis,zednadebebis aRricxvagacemazedRes moqmedi pirobebida kanonebi. komisiis azriT,aucilebelia, agreTve, administraciulsamarTaldarRvevaTada sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsebSiSesabamisi cvlilebebisSetana.kompania “anglo-oil interneiSenalltd.~-s saCivarTandakavSirebiT Catarebuli SemowmebissafuZvelze, komisiisdaskvna saqarTvelos prezidentsreagirebisaTvis gadaecema. rogorcsxdomaze iTqva, dReisaTvisqarTuli mxaris davalianebasajarimo sanqciebisgaTvaliswinebiT 54 mln. aSSdolars Seadgens. saTbobenergetikisministri daviTmircxulava ar daeTanxma “anglo- oilis~ moTxovnas valisgadaxdaze im motiviT, romkontrolis palatas sxva monacemebigaaCnia.sxdomaze gadawyda, rom“anglo-oilis~ kreditori“raifaizen bankis~ warmomadgenlebiparlamentis komisiisgadawyvetilebas gaecnobian daim SemTxvevaSi, Tu sakiTxisirgvliv viTareba ar Seicvleba,saerTaSoriso saarbitraJosasamarTloSi sarCelis Setanazeimsjeleben. komisia am sakiTxzesaboloo daskvnas or kviraSimoamzadebs.rac Seexeba “binis mesakuTreTauflebebis dacvis sazogadoebrivikavSiris~ saCivars,komisiis specialistTa azriT,am kavSiris pretenziebi safu-Zvliania da Seswavlili obieqtebismixedviT, maTi kanonieriuflebebi dadasturebulia.adgili aqvs Tanamdebobriviuflebebis gadaWarbebis faqtebs,ris gamoc sazogadoebriviqoneba ukanonod gasxvisda.komisiis gadawyvetilebiT, sakiTxsSeswavlisaTvis prokuraturasgadaugzavnian.15 maiss afxazeTis problemebTandakavSirebuli droebiTikomisiis sxdoma “afxazeTiskonfliqtis mogvarebis koncefciis~ganxilvas daeTmo, romelicerovnuli Tanxmobis darbazma,samxreT kavkasiis regionuliusafrTxoebis institutmada helsinkis moqalaqeTa asambleamwarmoadgines.TiToeuli organizacia saku-Tari proeqtiT warsdga. erovnuliTanxmobis darbazis proeqtismixedviT, afxazeTi saqar-Tvelos SemadgenlobaSi undadafiqsirdes saxelmwifo warmonaqmnad,romlis xelisuflebasacfarTo uflebebi mieniWeba. afxazeTseqneba sakuTari konstituciada, SesaZloa, sakonstituciosasamarTloc. aqveiTqva, rom yvela aqamde xelmowerilidiskriminaciuli xasia-Tis dokumenti unda gauqmdesda saerTo problema mxolodqarTvelebma da afxazebma undamoagvaron.helsinkis samoqalaqo asambleisvariantSi, romelicaleqsandre ruseckim warmoadgina,afxazeTi aseve saxelmwifowarmonaqmnad rCeba da mismosaxleobas Seadgenen ltolvilebida iZulebiT gadaadgilebulebi,aseve am teritoriazeamJamad mcxovrebi pirebi.orxelisuflebianobis formalizaciada xelisuflebis paralelurStoebTan TanamSromlobaganxorcieldeba.rogorc sxdomaze iTqva mesamevarianti, aris parlamentisSesabamis struqturebSi momzadebuliproeqti, romelSic politikuri,socialuri da ekonomikurimomentebia gaTvaliswinebuli.komisiis Tavmjdomaris vaxtangyolbaias gancxadebiT, sxdomazewarmodgenili samive variantiSejerdeba.28 maiss sastumro ~Seraton-metexi-palasSi” muSaoba daiwyoeqspertTa saerTaSoriso meoreseminarma saxelwodebiT: ~konfliqtismowesrigebis axalimodelebi da maTi adaptaciisperspeqtivebi afxazeTSi~. seminarisorganizatorebi iyvnenafxazeTis problemebTan dakavSirebulisaqarTvelos parlamentisdroebiTi komisia, fridrixebertis fondis warmomadgenlobasaqarTveloSi, flamandiisbriuselis Tavisufali universitetispolitologiis departamenti,organizacia ‘Serigebisresursebi~ (londoni), samxreTkavkasiis regionuli usafrTxoebisinstituti.seminars eswrebodnen saerTa-Soriso organizaciebis, saqar-TveloSi akreditebuli diplomatiurikorpusis, saqarTvelosada saerTaSoriso arasamTavroboorganizaciebis warmomadgenlebi,policielebi da mecnierebi.seminaris ZiriTadiTemebi iyo: afxazeTi da lingvisturiproblemebi, afxazeTida saerTaSoriso urTierTobebi,saerTaSoriso ekonomikuri ur-TierTobebi, fiskaluri federalizmi,konfliqtis mowesrigebisaxali modelebi.konferencia gaxsnes saqarTvelosparlamentis Tavmjdomarismoadgilem, afxazeTis problemebTandakavSirebuli saqarTvelosparlamentis droebiTikomisiis Tavmjdomarem vaxtangyolbaiam, fridrix ebertisfondis warmomadgenlobis xelmZRvanelmaia TikanaZem dabriuselis Tavisufali universitetispolitikur mecnierebaTakaTedris xelmZRvanelma, _profesorma bruno kopitersma.seminarze gamomsvlelTamxridan ZiriTadad yuradRebagamaxvilda qarTuli enisswavlebis problemebze, devnilTauflebebsa da presis mierafxazeTis sakiTxis tendenciurgaSuqebaze. am sakiTxs SeexoarasamTavrobo organizaciis‘Serigebis resursebis~ xelmZRvanelijonaTan koeni. manaRniSna, rom Jurnalistebiunda iyvnen obieqturni daara radikalurni, raTa ardaZabon isedac daZabuli viTarebaafxazebsa da qarTvelebsSoris.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i84


T v i d a n T v e m d eprotestis niSnad... gamaTavisufleT !...7 maiss saqarTvelos parlamentis plenarulsxdomaze sityviT gamovida parlamentisTavmjdomaris moadgile, cxinvalis regionisproblemebis Semswavleli droebiTi komisiisTavmjdomare eldar Sengelaiaqalbatono Tavmjdomare,pativcemulo kolegebo,mTelma saqarTvelom ganicadaTamaraSenSi datrialebuli tragedia:niRbianma mkvlelebma dRisiT,mzisiT amoxoces mindiaSvilebisojaxi. gTxovT, fexzeadgomiT pativi mivagoT maTsxsovnas.imedi maqvs, pativcemulokolegebo, dameTanxmebiT, romcxinvalis regions gansakuTrebuliyuradReba sWirdeba,magram, saubedurod, es asear aris. Tqven ama wlis 28ianvars dagirigdaT “cxinvalisregionis problemebis SemswavlelidroebiTi komisiis”muSaobis angariSi, romelicvrclad asaxavs komisiis muSaobasda im situacias, romelicam regionSia Seqmnili. mar-Talia, zogierTi problemismogvareba bolo periodSirogorc iqna daiwyo, magram,miuxedavad amisa, saerTomdgomareoba, Cveni azriT,savalaloa. amitom dRes gvinda,mxolod zogierT mniSvnelovansakiTxze SevCerdeT.komisiam garkveuli Ronis-Ziebebi ganaxorciela, raTacxinvalis regionis soflebSixeiTSi,mamisaanTubnisa da fris-Si gagrZelebuliyo miwisZvriTada konfliqtis Sedegad damwvarida dangreuli saxlebis aRdgeniTisamuSaoebi. 1998 welsdaiwyo zemoT xsenebuli samu-Saoebi, magram, daufinanseblobisgamo SeCerda da wlebisganmavlobaSi daumTavrebelisaxlebi daingra. mSeneblobisganaxlebisaTvis pirvel etapzesaWiro iyo minimum 500 000laris gamoyofa. amasTandakavSirebiT 2001 wlis 10aprils komisiam weriliTmimarTa saqarTvelos prezidents;romelzec arsebobs prezidentisSemdegi rezolucia: _”ganvixiloTbiujetis Sedgenis procesSi”samwuxarod, prezidentisrezoluciis moTxovna ar iqnagaTvaliswinebuli biujetisSedgenis da damtkicebis dros.dasmuli sakiTxis mniSvnelobidangamomdinare, gasulwelsac komisiam ganmeorebiTsTxova saqarTvelos prezidents,uSiSroebis sabWoze ganexilaTda dadebiTad gadaewyvitaT zemoaRniSnulisaxlebis aRdgenisaTvis2003 wlis saxelmwifobiujetSi 500.000 laris miznobrivadgaTvaliswinebis sakiTxi.sabednierod, 2003 wlisbiujetSi gaTvaliswinebulia 450000 lari. Tu Cven gvsurs,xeli SevuwyoT ltolvilTadabrunebas, rac TavisTavadZalzed mniSvnelovani procesiiqneba qveynis mTlianobisaRdgenisaTvis, Semdegi wlebisbiujetebSi es Tanxa sagrZnobladunda gaizardos. komisiasmniSvnelovnad miaCnda cxinvalisregionis sofel TamaraSenSisazogado moRvawisa da mwerlisivane maCablis saxl-muzeumisaRdgena. saqarTvelos prezidents,aRniSnuli muzeumisaRdgenasTan dakavSirebiT, TxovniTmimarTa deputatTa jgufma.werilze arsebobs Semdegirezolucia: -”gTxovT, gaiTvaliswinoT2002 wlis biujetisproeqtis ganxilvis dros, iqnebganawildes 2002-2003 wlebze,magram mSenebloba mainc undadaiwyos.” muzeumis aRdgenisaTvissaqarTvelos prezidentis fondidan2002 wlisTvis ganisaz-Rvra 150 000 lari. am Tanxisdrouli gamoyofis TxovniTkomisiam mimarTa saqarTvelosfinansTa ministrs b-n miriangogiaSvils. sabednierod, ammcdelobam amjerad SedegigamoiRo da dangreuli saxlmuzeumisaRdgena iweba. axlamniSvnelovania, am ori obieqtismSeneblobaze gamoyofili Tanxebimiznobrivad daixarjos da ardaileqos mavanTa da mavanTajibeebSi. vfiqrob, rom, komisiisaqtiuri CareviT moxerxdaqurTis, eredvisa da TiRvisTemebisaTvis gankuTvnili transferispirdapir gamgeobebisangariSebSi Caricxva, ramacmravali problema mouxsnamosaxleobas. amasTanave, komisiisdaJinebuli moTxovnis safuZvelze,gaizarda 2002 da 2003wlis saxelmwifo biujetSiaRniSnuli saTemoebis, gamgeobebistransferi, magram, samwuxarod,ara im moculobiT,romelic saWiroa regionSidagrovili problemebis mosagvareblad.komisiis muSaobis dawyebadaemTxva sazarel faqts, rodesacqarTuli soflis teritoriazeniRbianma mkvlelebmamanqanaSi amoxoces xuTi axalgazrda.rasakvirvelia, saqmedRemde gauxsnelia. aseTi tragikuliSemTxvevebi am regionSiaraerTi moxda.komisiam Seiswavla ra cxinvalisregionis qarTuli mosaxleobisusafrTxoebis sakiTxi,is muSaobis prioritetad CaTvalada am sakiTxs daxurulida Ria sxdoma miuZRvna.regionSi arsebuli qarTulipolicia, romlis mTavari amocanawesrigis da mosaxleobisusafrTxoebis dacva unda iyos,savalalo mdgomareobaSia, imp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i85


T v i d a n T v e m d esaTanado aRWurvilobis uqonlobisgamo, romlis gareSemisi funqciis Sesruleba SeuZlebelia.amis sapirispirodmeore mxare SesaniSnavadaaSeiaraRebul_aRWurvili.aseTive mdgomareobaSia qar-Tuli mxaris regionSi dislocirebulisamSvidobo Zalebi.maTi aRWurviloba, Cacmuloba,kveba da sxva, gacilebiT ukeTesiTu ara, mainc unda utoldebodesmeore mxaris mdgomareobas.Catarebuli sxdomebis muSaobaSimonawileobdnen SinagansaqmeTa ministri, saqarTvelossagangebo situaciaTa ministri,uSiSroebis ministris moadgile,samSvidobo Zalebis sardali,Sida qarTlis samxareo policiisufrosi.sxdomis dadgenilebis safuZvelze,Seiqmna muSa jgufi,romelmac adgilze Seiswavlamosaxleobis usafrTxoebis mdgomareoba.Seiqmna dokumenti `cxinvalisregionis mosaxleobisusafrTxoebisaTvis qveynis xelisuflebismxridan gasatarebeliRonisZiebebis Sesaxeb.” jgufismier ganisazRvra Tanxa_ milionasi aTasi laris odenobiT,romelic biujets damatebiTunda gamoeyo samarTaldamcaviorganoebisaTvis SeiaraRebisada aRWurvilobis SesaZenad.cxinvalis regionis qarTulimosaxleobis usafrTxoebis dacvismdgomareobis Sesaxeb, rogorcwerilobiT, ise piradiSexvedris dros, ecnoba saqar-Tvelos prezidents.miuxedavad Cveni mcdelobisa,aRniSnuli problemis mosagvarebladqveynis xelisuflebismxridan mxolod umniSvneloRonisZiebebi ganxorcielda.amave sakiTxze werilobiTganmeorebiT mivmarTeT saqarTvelosprezidents, razec arsebobsrezolucia-‘SemoitaneTuSiSroebis sabWoze im angari-SiT, rom gaviTvaliswinoTbiujetSi.” aRniSnuli sakiTxiganxilul iqna uSiSroebissabWozec. samwuxarod, gansazRvruliTanxa ar aisaxa biujetSi.komisiam gasuli wlis maisSiimave sakiTxze kvlav mimarTaTxovniT saqarTvelos prezidents.saqarTvelos prezidentigamoexmaura aRniSnul werilsSemdegi rezoluciiT - `m.gogiaSvils, k. narCemaSvils,v. xaburZanias- warmoadgineTurTierTSeTanxmebuli winadadeba2003 wlis saxelmwifo biujetisformirebisas.”miuxedavad imisa, rom aRni-Snuli problema gadaudebelmogvarebas saWiroebda, Tanxa2003 wlis biujetSi maincar aisaxa.am wlebSi am mimarTebiTgatarebuli RonisZiebebi imdenadumniSvneloa, rom cxinvalisregionSi mcxovrebi qarTulimosaxleoba kvlavac daucvelia,romelic TamaraSenSi momxdarbolo tragediaSic aisaxa. aseTiSemTxvevebi, saubedurod, winawlebSic momxdara. arada, CvenvTvliT, rom molaparakebisprocesSi meore mxare undaxedavdes qarTuli mxaris gansakuTrebulda saqmian damokidebulebasregionis im nawilismimarT, romelzedac dResvrceldeba saqarTvelos iurisdiqcia.aseTi midgoma sulacar niSnavs, rom xelisuflebasaerTod mTeli regionisproblemebis mosagvareblad RonisZiebebsar atarebdes.qarTuli mosaxleobis socialurimdgomareobis Sesamsubuqebladarasakmarisi keTdeba.bolo periodSi igi imdenaddamZimda, rom qarTuli mosaxleobisnawilSi aris ganwyoba,miiRon SeTavazeba rusulipasportebis an maTi magvaridokumentebis aRebisa, raTaSesaZlebloba hqondeT, mosavaliruseTSi gaitanon da amiTiarsebon. arada es is mosaxleobaa,romelmac konfliqtisdros gansakuTrebuli vaJkacobada simamace gamoiCina da Tavisimiwis erTi gojic ar daTmo.Tu cxinvalis regionSi TvalnaTlivrame aris gakeTebuli,es ufro metad saerTaSorisoorganizaciebis dafinansebisSedegia. sxvaTa Soris, saerTa-Soriso organizaciebis aqtivobambolo periodSi sagrZnobladiklo, rac qarTulimxaris pasiurobaze metyvelebs.qarTul-osuri konfliqtismZime Sedegebi aq moxmobilifaqtebiT ar amowurula. kideverTxel minda aRvniSno, romcxinvalis regioni ar arissaqarTvelos ‘rigiTi” mxare,igi gansakuTrebul yuradRebasda qmediT RonisZiebebs moiTxovs.TiTqos konfliqtis esregioni mSvidobian gzas daadga,magram bolo periodSi separatistTaxelisuflebis gancxadebebma,tragikulma movlenebmacxadyo, rom sinamdvileSiyuradRebis moduneba da mismimarT meorexarisxovani damokidebulebaSesaZloa viTarebisdaZabvis mizezi gaxdes._komisiis azriT, cxinvalisregionis problemebis mogvarebiserT-erTi Semaferxebeli faqtoria:dRemde ar xdeba problemebismosagvareblad mowodebuliyvela uwyebisa dargolis saqmianobis koordinaciamravalricxovani gadiebis arseboba,vgulisxmobT: sagangebosaqmeTa ministrs, qarTul-osurikonfliqtis mowesrigebis Sereulisakontrolo komisiis qar-Tuli mxaris Tavmjdomares,Sida qarTlis rwmunebuls,prezidentis pirad warmomadgenelscxinvalis regionSisaqarTvelosparlamentis vicespikersda sxva,_ saqmis mogvarebasar Svelis.komisiis azriT unda arsebobdesmaRali donis aRmasrulebelistruqtura, romlisdaniSnuleba iqneba mxolodcxinvalis regionis problemebismogvareba da igi pasuxs agebssaqarTvelos prezidentisa daparlamentis winaSe.yovelive zemoTqmulidan gamomdinare,radgan aRmasrulebelixelisuflebis mxridan,cxinvalis regionis problemismimarT wlidan wlamde arsebobsgulgrili damokidebuleba dakonfliqtis mSvidobian daregulirebisprocesSi ar SeimCnevaprogresis niSnebi,rac CemTvismiuRebelia, protestis niSnadmogmarTavT TxovniT, gamaTavisufloTkomisiis TavmjdomarisTanamdebobidan.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i86


T v i d a n T v e m d esaqarTvelos parlamentis korufciasTan brZolis droebiTi sagamoZiebo komisiasaqarTvelos parlamentis korufciasTan brZolis droebiTma sagamoZiebokomisiam Seiswavla 1993-1994 wlebSi TurqeTis respublikidan sasaqonlo kreditismiRebis, aTvisebisa da dafarvis mdgomareoba. masalebis analizis SedegadmiRebuli daskvna komisiis Tavmjdomarem, batonma roman gvencaZem, gaugzavnasaxelmwifo ministrs, _ baton avTandil jorbenaZes. daskvnaSi naTqvamia:`komisiis mier Seswavliliiqna 1993-1994 wlebSi TurqeTisrespublikidan sasaqonlo kreditismiRebis, aTvisebisa dadafarvis mdgomareoba.masalebis analiziT irkveva,rom TurqeTis respublikidankreditis saxiT miRebuli 50mln aSS dolaridan saqarTvelosmxaris mier aTvisebuliiqna 41,517,288 aSS dolari.imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom,aRebuli kreditis dafarva Tavisdroze ver moxda, 1998 welsxeli moewera restruqturizebisxelSekrulebas: ZiriTadi vali41 mln aSS dolaridan aTvisebuladganisazRvra 54 mlnaSS dolaramde, _ procentebisada sauravebis daricxvis xarjze,romlis gadaxdac Tavis TavzeaiRo saxelmwifom.miTiTebuli kreditidan, saqarTvelosmTavrobis gadawyvetilebiT,qvemoT CamoTvlilkompaniebsa da saxelmwifo organizaciebze1993 wlis ivnisidan1994 wlis maisamde gacemuliqna Semdegi odenobis kreditebi:1. Sps `koka-kola~ _ 4844 998 aSS dolari _gadaxdilia 2 085 531 aSSdolari _ gadasaxdelia 7715 798 aSS dolari;2. shs `rusTavcementi~ _4 956 995 aSS dolari _gadaxdilia 257 393 aSS dolari_ gadasaxdelia 7 156 602aSS dolari;3. shs `aragvi~ _ 1 693103 aSS dolari _ gadaxdilia55 344 aSS dolari _gadasaxdelia 3 475 803 aSSdolari;4. Sps `geva~ (yofili Sps`fari da ko~) _ 4 750 000aSS dolari _ gadaxdilia 2353 aSS dolari _ gadasaxdelia10 054 332 aSSdolari;5. Sulaveris matylis fabrika_ 2 374 012 aSS dolari _gadasaxdelia 5 085 019 aSSdolari;6. yofili vaWrobisa damaterialuri resursebissaministro _ 8 503 185 aSSdolari _ gadaxdilia 1 823254 aSS dolari _ gadasaxdelia15 128 512 aSS dolari;7. transportisa da komunikaciebissaministro (yofilikavSirgabmulobisa da fostissaministros samarTalmemkvidreTurqeTis valis momsaxurebisnawilSi) _ 4 997 605 aSSdolari _ gadaxdilia 1 175441 aSS dolari _ gadasaxdelia8 378 030 aSS dolari;8. produqtebis korporacia_ 11 784 625 aSS dolari _gadaxdilia 233 349 aSSdolari _ gadasaxdelia 25141 156 aSS dolari.dRevandeli mdgomareobiTsaxelmwifos mier procentebissaxiT daricxuli da gadaxdilia11 339 000 aSS dolari.kreditis ZiriTadi Tanxa 54mln aSS dolari ki gadasaxdelia.Tanxebis amouRebloba,im sxva kanondarRvevebTan erTad,migvaCnia, rom ganpirobebuliasakredito Tanxis ganmkargavisaqarTvelos finansTa saministrosxelmZRvaneli muSakebismxridan samsaxurebrivi movaleobisarajerovnad SesrulebiT.kerZod: masalebis analiziTirkveva, rom saqarTvelosfinansTa saministro, aRniSnulsakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT, rigSemTxvevaSi, Tumca dagvianebiT,magram mainc axorcielebs kanoniTgaTvaliswinebul uflebebskreditis saxelmwifosaTvisiZulebiTi wesiT dabrunebisnawilSi, rac ZiriTadad ganxorcielebulia(sasarCelo gancxadebebisSetana, qonebis dayadaReba,sarCelis uzrunvelyofismoTxovna da sxva). iseTikompaniebis mimarT, romlebsacaranairi qoneba ar gaaCniaT,magaliTad, q. Tbilisis saolqosasamarTlos 2002 wlis 9ivlisis gadawyvetilebiT, mTlianadaadakmayofilebuli saqar-Tvelos finansTa saministrossasarCelo moTxovna _ ss`verZi 94~-s (yofili Sulaverismatylis gadamamuSavebeli fabrika)daekisra 4 533 885 aSSdolarisa da 32 000 larisgadaxda saministros sasargeblod,ris Sesaxebac, sasamar-Tlos mier finansTa saministrosgancxadebis safuZvelze,gacemulia saaRsrulebo furcelida gadawyvetileba miqceuliaaRsasruleblad. zemoTaRniSnuli RonisZiebebi araagatarebuli Tavis droze, rocass `verZi 94-s gaaCnda materialurifaseuloba da, rogorcsaministros iuridiuli departamentismuSakebi ganmartaven,miTiTebuli fabrika mTlianadgaZarculia, darCenilia mxolodkedlebi da kreditis dasafaravadraime Tanxis amoRebapraqtikulad SeuZlebelia.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i87


T v i d a n T v e m d efinansTa saministros mieranalogiuri iZulebiTi saxisRonisZiebebi da moTxovnebiaraa Sesrulebuli sxva, dRemdewarmatebuli biznesis mqonekompaniebis mimarT. kerZod,sasmeli wylis qarxana `geva~,Sps `koka-kola kavkasioni~ dasxva. rom ara saministrosgulgrili damokidebuleba, gatarebuliRonisZiebebiT SesaZlebeliiqneba aTeuli milionilaris dabruneba. winaaRmdegSemTxvevaSi ki SesaZlebelia,saxelmwifo aRmoCndes iseTmdgomareobaSi, rogorc ss`verZi 94~-Tan moxda. arsebobsinformaciebi, rom dRemdewarmatebuli biznesis kompaniebi(visac gaaCnia Turquli kreditisdavalianeba) unda axdendnensazogadoebis qonebis xelovnuradgasxvisebas, gakotrebasda sxva formiT cdilobenvalis dafarvisagan Tavisaridebas. aRniSnuli kreditiki mZime tvirTad awevssaxelmwifos, qveynis ekonomikisgaCanagebis xarjze iwvevscalkeuli pirebis gamdidrebas.ufro metic: rig SemTxvevaSisaministro aseve ar axorcielebsda umoqmedobas iCenssaqarTvelos purproduqtebissaxelmwifo _ saaqcio komerciulkorporaciasa da vaWrobisada materialuri resursebissaministroze ricxulisasesxo valdebulebebis Camowerisada maTi saxelmwifovalad aRiarebis nawilSi.SemowmebiT utyuaradaa dadgenili,rom purproduqtebissaxelmwifo _ saaqcio korporacia(sanam qveyanaSi moxdebodapuris reforma) iyo saxelmwifodotaciaze da produqciasyidda saxelmwifo, normirebul,myar fasebSi (ufroiafad, vidre marto jdebodapuris cxoba). xorblis, fqvilisada sxva fasebi undagadaexada saxelmwifos, racdRemde gadauxdelia. aRniSnulmaganapiroba 1992-1993 wlebSigaformebuli TurqeTis kreditiT12 404 668 aSS dolarisxorblis Rirebulebis valiswarmoqmna, romlis saxelmwifovalad aRiareba dRemde armomxdara.Sekrebili masalebi daskvnasTanerTad, Semdegi reagirebisaTvisgadaegzavna saqarTvelos generalurprokuraturas.mogaxsenebT ra zemoaRni-Snuls, gTxovT, gasceT saTanadogankarguleba, kreditis saxelmwifosaTvisiZulebiTi wesiTdabrunebis mizniT, saqarTvelosfinansTa saministrom gaataroskanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli SesabamisiRonisZiebebi~.batonma avTandil jorbenaZemmdgomareobas sagan-gaSo uwoda da saxelmwifoministris moadgiles, ba-ton giorgi isakaZesa dafinansTa ministrs, _ ba-ton mirian gogiaSvilsdaavala, saswrafod mieRoTkanonmdeblobiTgaTvalis-winebuli zomebi da sakiTximTavrobis sxdomaze gansaxi-lveladwarmoedginaT.finansTa saministrom Seis-wavla sakiTxi da 19 maissamis Taobaze daskvna gaug-zavna saxelmwifo ministrs_ baton avTandil jorbenaZesda saqarTvelos parlamentiskorufciasTan brZo-lis droebiTi sagamoZiebokomisiis Tavmjdomares _baton roman gvencaZes. amdaskvnaSinaTqvamia:`saqarTvelos finansTa saministromganixila saqarTvelosparlamentis korufciasTan brZolisdroebiTi sagamoZiebokomisiis 2003 wlis 18 aprilis#4630/7-12 werili, _ Turqulikreditis mimRebi organizaciebidanTanxebis biujetSiamoRebis mdgomareobasTan dakav-SirebiT, _ da mogaxsenebTSemdegs:_ Turquli kreditis aTvisebuliTanxis 10%-ze metimiRebuli aqvs Sps `koka-kolaboTlers jorjias~. am ukanasknelsada saqarTvelos eqsimbanksSoris 1993 wlis 10 agvistos,_ xelmowerili sakreditoSeTanxmebis Sesabamisad, sesxiunda dafaruliyo ara ugvianessami wlisa._ finansTa saministrosada `koka-kolas~ Soris valisdafarvis Taobaze SeTanxmebismiRweva ver xerxdeba, vinaidankoka-kola~ ar eTanxmeba vadagadacilebulivalis restruqturizaciisSesaxeb finansTasaministros mier momzadebulSeTanxmebis proeqts. ramdenimewelia, `koka-kola~ ayenebs moTxovnas,rom masze gavrceldesTurqeTis eqsimbankTan miRweulisaxelmwifo valis restruqturizaciispirobebi. jer kidev1999 wlis maisSi, aRniSnulsakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, finansTasaministrom werilobiTi TxovniTmimarTa TurqeTis eqsportkreditbanks, moeca ganmarteba,vrceldeboda Tu ara ucvleladsabaziso an restruqturebulisakredito SeTanxmebebi kreditisuSualo momxmareblebze. pasuxadbankma gvacnoba, rom mis miersaqarTvelosTan dadebuli SeTanxmebebiar moicavs muxlebs,romlebic awesrigebs urTier-Tobas msesxebelsa (am SemTxvevaSifinansTa saministro) da qvemsesxebelsSoris.miuxedavad imisa, rom aRni-Snuli ecnoba `koka-kolas~-sda rac yvelaze mniSvnelovania,mimdinare wlis 18 maiss TurqeTiseqsport-kredit banksada saqarTvelos finansTasaministros Soris finansurivaldebulebebis gadacemis, gadavadebisada valis restruqturizaciisTaobaze, saqarTvelosparlamentis mier miRebuli#1477 da #1478 dadgenilebebisp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i88


T v i d a n T v e m d eTanaxmad, Turquli kreditisrestruqturizacia ar warmoadgensSidasaxelmwifoebrivi restruqturizaciissafuZvels,`koka-kola~ kvlav kategoriuladmoiTxovs saxelmwifo valisrestruqturizaciis pirobebismasze gavrcelebas.aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom`koka-kolas~ sasesxo davalianebisrestruqturizaciis sakiTxisgadawyvetis mizniT, 2000 wlis21 aprils gamocemuli iqnasaqarTvelos prezidentis ~162brZanebuleba `Sps `koka-kolaboTlers jorjias~ saxelmwifosadmiarsebuli sasesxovaldebulebaTa SesrulebisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~, romlismesame punqti iTvaliswinebda:wliuri saprocento ganakveTisodenoba da vadagadacilebisassajarimo ganakveTi ganisazRvrebodafinansTa saministrosada `koka-kolas~ Soris dadebulixelSekrulebiT. aRniSnulibrZanebuleba praqtikuladver Sesrulda, vinaidan, `kokakolas~usafuZvlo moTxovnebisgamo, xelSekrulebaze xelmoweragaWianurda.SemdegSi finansTa saministrosmier momzadda saqarTvelosprezidentis brZanebulebis proeqti_ `saqarTvelos prezidentis2000 wlis 21 aprilisbrZanebulebaSi saTanado cvlilebaTaSetanis Taobaze~, romelic2002 wlis 4 martswardgenili iqna saxelmwifokancelariaSi. aRniSnuli brZanebulebisproeqti 2003 wlis20 ianvars ukan daubrundafinansTa saministros, raTaumokles vadaSi gagveaxlebinaigi da, dainteresebul saministroebsada uwyebebTan SeTanxmebisSemdeg, wargvedgina saxelmwifokancelariaSi.aRniSnuli moTxovnis Sesabamisad,saqarTvelos prezidentisbrZanebulebis ganaxlebuliproeqti samarTlebrivieqspertizisaTvis gaigzavna saqarTvelosiusticiis saministroSi.iusticiis saministrom 2003wlis 25 Tebervlis sapasuxowerilSi dasva sakiTxi, prezidentisbrZanebulebaSi cvlilebebisSetanis nacvlad, ganxilvisada safinanso-ekonomiurigaangariSebis sagani gaxdes misimTlianad baTilad cnobissakiTxi da mizanSewonilobisTvalsazrisiT, SeTanxmdes saqar-Tvelos Sinagan saqmeTa dasaxelmwifo uSiSroebis saministroebsada saqarTvelos kontrolispalatasTan.iusticiis saministros werilisgaTvaliswinebiT, finansTasaministrom moamzada da Sesabamisuwyebebs SesaTanxmebladgaugzavna prezidentis brZanebulebisproeqti `saqarTvelosprezidentis 2000 wlis 21aprilis #162 brZanebulebisbaTilad cnobis Taobaze~.sakiTxis gadawyvetis ufrometad gaWianurebis Tavidanacilebis mizniT, finansTasaministro iZulebuli gaxda,mimdinare wlis 29 aprilssaolqo sasamarTlosaTvis miemarTa.ss `rusTavcementTan~ mimdinarewlis 16 aprils daidoSeTanxmeba `vadagadacilebulivalis restruqturebis Taobaze~,romlis Sesabamisadac,ss `rusTavcementma~ daiwyoTurquli kreditidan maszegacemuli Tanxebis biujetSidabruneba. Tu 1994-2001 wlebisperiodSi ss `rusTavcements~am valis dasafarad saxelmwifobiujetSi sul gadaxdili hqonda9,600 aSS dolaris ekvivalenti,SeTanxmebaze xelmoweris Semdeg,man ukve gadaixada 341,309aSS dolaris ekvivalenti larida 2003 wlis 8 maisisaTvisdavalianeba Seadgens 381,600aSS dolaris ekvivalents.ss `aragvze~ gacemul TurqulsesxTan dakavSirebiT, 1997wlis 28 maiss saqarTvelosuSiSroebis saministros mieraRZruli iqna sisxlis samarTlissaqme, romelic, uSiSroebissaministrodan miRebuliinformaciiT, Sewyvetil iqnawarmoebiT saqarTvelos sisxlissamarTlis saproceso kodeqsisme-5 muxlis me-4 punqtis, me-200 muxlis pirveli punqtisda 209-e muxlis moTxovniT.ss `aragvis~ koordinatebisdadgenis TxovniT, finansTasaministrom mimarTa generalurprokuraturas, saidanac mogvawodesss `aragvis~ Zvelikoordinatebi. finansTa saministromTxovniT mimarTa asevestatistikis depatraments,ecnobebinaT, iricxeboda Tuara ss `aragvi~ erTian saxelmwifostatistikur reestrSi.statistikis saxelmwifodepartamentisa da sagadasaxadodepartamentis mier warmodgeniliinformaciiT, ver iqnamoZiebuli ss `aragvis~ koordinatebi.Sps `gevas~ winaaRmdeg finansTasaministrom 2002 wlis1 ivliss sarCeli Seitanasaolqo sasamarTloSi. qoneba,sasamarTlos 2002 wlis 3ivlisis ganCinebiT, dayadaRebulia,xolo, sasamarTlos2003 wlis 15 ianvris ganCinebiT,Sps `gevas~ daekisra 9,578,521,68aSS dolaris ekvivalenti larisgadaxda, romelic jer kanonierZalaSi ar Sesula.amavdroulad momzadda SeTanxmebisproeqti `vadagadacilebulivalis restruqturebisTaobaze~, romelic, saqarTvelosparlamentis 2002 wlis 18maisis #1477 da #1478 dadgenilebebisSesabamisad, SesaTanxmebladgadaegzavna parlaments.saqarTvelos parlamentis sagareoekonomikuri komitetis2002 wlis 17 seqtembris#10453/4-13 weriliT, maT,p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i89


T v i d a n T v e m d efaqtobrivad, Tanxmoba ganacxadesrestruqturizaciis xelSekrulebisgaformebaze, Tu gadasesxebispirobebi ar iqneba uaresi anSeRavaTiani, vidre is arisfinansTa saministrosa da ss`rusTavcements~ Soris ukvedadebul xelSekrulebaSi, Tumca,vinaidan saqme sasamarTloganxilvis stadiaSi iyo, xel-Sekrulebas xeli ar moewera.Sulaveris matylis fabrikazegacemuli Turquli kreditisamoRebis mizniT, finansTasaministrom 2001 wlis 6agvistos Seitana sarCeli ss`verZi-94~-is (Sulaveris matylisfabrikis samarTalmemkvidre)winaaRmdeg, Turquli kreditidanmiRebuli sesxis (daricxuliprocentebiT) da aseve,saqarTvelos prezidentis 1996wlis 17 dekembris #~315gankargulebis safuZvelze,biujetidan miRebuli uprocentosesxis dabrunebis moTxovniT.sarCeli daakmayofilasasamarTlom da ss `verZi-94~-s daakisra am sesxebisdafarva. aRniSnuli gadawyvetilebaukve miqceulia aRsrulebaze.vaWrobisa da materialuriresursebis saministrosaTvisgamoyofili Turquli kreditiTSemotanili saqonlis realizaciisprocesis finansurimonitoringi, _ `TurqeTisrespublikis mier saqarTvelosaTvisgamoyofili kreditisfarglebSi saqarTvelos yofilivaWrobisa da materialurimomaragebis saministros mierSemotanili da naSTad ricxulisaqonlis realizaciis daCqarebisRonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~, saqarTvelosprezidentis 1998 wlis27 agvistos #500 brZanebulebiT,daevala finansTa saministros.aRniSnulis safuZvelzeam saqonlis realizacias daamonagebi Tanxebis biujetSidabrunebas awarmoebs saqarTvelossatrasto-sainvesticiokorporacia.saqarTvelos kavSirgabmulobisada fostis saministrozegacemuli Turquli kreditiserTi nawili, RirebulebiT2,538,783 aSS dolari, moxmarebuliiqna aWaris kavSirgabmulobisada fostis saministrosmier, xolo meore nawili,RirebulebiT 2, 458,822 aSSdolari, ss `saqarTveloseleqtrokavSiris mier~.finansTa saministrom araerTxelmimarTa transportisada komunikaciebis saministros(kavSirgabmulobisa da fostissaministros samarTalmemkvidre),saxelmwifo qonebis marTvissaministros da ss `saqarTveloseleqtrokavSirs~, raTa saqarTvelostransportisa da komunikaciebissaministros valdebulebaTurquli kreditisvadagadacilebuli davalianebisnawilis dabrunebaze, gadascemodass `saqarTvelos eleqtrokavSirs~da zemoaRniSnulivaldebulebebi asaxuliyo ss`saqarTvelos eleqtrokavSiris~saprivatizacio dokumentaciaSi,rac ar gakeTda.SemdegSi, finansTa saministrom,_ saqarTvelos transportisada komunikaciebis saministros,saxelmwifo qonebis mar-Tvis saministros, finansTasaministrosa da ss `saqarTveloseleqtrokavSirs~ Soris`miRweuli SeTanxmebis Taobaze~,moamzada oqmis proeqti, romliTacunda gansazRvruliyoTiToeuli mxaris valdebulebebida daugzavna mxareebs. amasTanerTad, momzadda saqarTvelosfinansTa saministros, saqarTvelostransportisa da komunikaciebissaministrosa da saaqciosazogadoeba `saqarTveloseleqtrokavSirs~ Soris _`valis dabrunebis valdebulebisgadacemis Taobaze~ _ SeTanxmebisproeqti, romelic aseve daegzavnaTiToeul mxares.samwuxarod, Sedegi dRemdemiRweuli ar aris.sakiTxis aqtualobidan gamomdinare,iZulebuli gavxdiTam sakiTxis gadawyvetaSi daxmarebisaRmosaCenad migvemarTasaqarTvelos saxelmwifo ministrisaTvisda saqarTvelosprezidentisTvis.purproduqtebis saxelmwifokorporaciaze gacemul TurqulkreditTan dakavSirebiT, finansTasaministrom orjer mimarTapurproduqtebis saxelmwifosaaqcio-komerciuli korporaciissalikvidacio komisias, ecnobebinaTim zomebis Sesaxeb, romlebicmiiRo komisiam amkreditis saxelmwifo biujetSidabrunebis uzrunvelsayofad,razedac pasuxi ar migviRia.2002 wlis 9 oqtombers finansTasaministros mier sar-Celi Setanili iqna saolqosasamarTloSi.rac Seexeba parlamentis korufciasTanbrZolis droebiTisagamoZiebo komisiis zemoxsenebulwerilSi gamoTqmul ukmayofilebas,rom finansTasaministro ar axorcielebspurproduqtebis saxelmwifokorporaciaze ricxuli davalianebisCamoweras, es sakiTxiscildeba finansTa saministroskompetencias.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i90


T v i d a n T v e m d eistoriuli tao-klarjeTis Zeglebis gadarCena _ optimizmissafuZveli arsebobsama wlis 16-17 maiss, saqarTvelos saelCos iniciativiTada qalaq xofas savaWro -samrewvelo palatis finansurimxardaWeriT, TurqeTis respublikaSi imyofebodaparlamentis ganaTlebis, mecnierebis, kulturisa dasportis komitetis kulturuli memkvidreobis qvekomitetis,saxelmwifo kancelariis, ZeglTa dacvis departamentis,ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifouniversitetisa da kulturuli memkvidreobis dacvisfondis warmomadgenelTa delegacia. miwvevadakavSirebuli iyo TurqeTis respublikis CrdiloaRmosavleTSavizRvispireTSi (arTvinisa da erzerumisguberniebi) arsebul - istoriuli tao-klarjeTis -Zeglebis momavalTan. delegaciis SemadgenlobaSiimyofeboda saqarTvelos parlamentis kulturulimemkvidreobis dacvis qvekomitetis Tavmjdomare -profesori gia SaiSmelaSvili.redaqciam TxovniT mimarTa baton gias, vizitis miznebsada Sedegebze Tavisi mosazrebani gaeziarebinamkiTxvelisaTvis.tao-klarjeTis Zeglebis kulturulturizmSi CarTva bunebrivadgazrdis maTi srulyofilimecnieruli SeswavlismoTxovnas. ganadgurebis pirasmisul qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebisam unikalur nimuSebskonservaciisa da restavraciisdRemde warmoudgenel pirobebsSeuqmnis.dro-Jams mindobili, garkveuliagresiuli zemoqmedebisSedegad dangreuli, ZeglebisaRdgenis uzarmazar resurssSeicavs mravali Zeglis garSemomimobneuli _ Zeglidan mowyvetil_ Camongreuli arqiteqturulidetali Tu damxobilikedlebis msxvilgabaritianifragmentebi.. ngrevis gansakuTrebulimasStabebiT gamoir-Ceva, sakuTar nangrevebSi moqceuli,Sua saukuneebis qarTulixuroTmoZRvrebis erT-erTiumniSvnelovanesi Zegli _ banastaZari, romlis Sesaxebac XVIIIsaukunis cnobili istorikosida geografi vaxuSti gvamcnobs:‘eklesia gumbaTiani, didiSuenivrad nagebi, keTil-Sueniersadgilas, aRaSena mefeman adarnasemda daflul arian mefeni.ijda episkopozi~. dRes es‘Seunivrad nagebi~ taZari uzarmazarinangrevebis grovidanamoziduli xuroTmoZRvruliZeglis naSTis saxiTaa Semor-Cenili.1902 wels, banas SefasebisaseqvTime TayaiSvili aRniSnavda:‘samwuxarod, ngrevis savalalosuraTi damxvda, taZris yvelanawili, garda aRmosavleTisa,Camongreuliyo da gadaqceuliyoerTmaneTze daxvavebuli qvebisgrovad~. dResac, banas xilviTgamowveuli STabeWdileba,srulad emTxveva eqvTime TayaiSviliseul100 wlis winandelSefasebas: `banas dangreu-iSxani _ VII-s-is 30-iani wlebi;IX-X-XI s-s.lsac ar daukargavs grandiozulobada moxdeniloba~.ngrevis naklebi masStabiT,magram uaRresad savalalomdgomareobiT, xasiaTdeba daSvelas iTxovs tbeTis kaTedraluritaZari _ istoriuliSavSeTis saepiskopo centri,romlis gumbaTic jer kidev1961 wels Camoiqca. umZimesmdgomareobaSia opizis wmidaioane naTlismcemlis saxelobissamonastro kompleqsi, romelic,jer kidev 1959 wlis monacemebiT,mTlianad nangrevebadiyo qceuli.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i91


T v i d a n T v e m d edolisyana _ IX-X s-s.saukuneTa manZilze uyurad-Rebod mitovebuli, mravaliobieqturi mizezis gamo agresiulgaremocvaSi moqceuli,tao-klarjeTis Zeglebis Semdgomibedis Sesaxeb, bolodromde, odnav optimisturivaraudic ki usafuZvlo iyo.jer kidev 1980-ian wlebSiaswleulobiT damkvidrebuliviTarebis gaTvaliswinebiT,gamoxatavda ra Rrma sinanulsmaTi savalalo mdgomareobisgamo, akademikosi vaxtang beriZetao-klarjeTis Zeglebis ukeTesimomavlis yovelgvar SesaZleblobasgamoricxavda.dRevandeli realobis gaTvaliswinebiT,tao-klarjeTis Zeglebisdacvisa da gadarCenisperspeqtiva arc ise uimedoa,rogorc es gasul saukuneSiCanda. aseTi optimisturimosazreba efuZneba bolowlebSi qarTuli ZeglebismimarT TurqeTis xelisuflebisada mosaxleobis (gansakuTrebiTZeglebis garemocvaSi mcxovrebTa),damokidebulebis radikalur,pozitiur cvlilebas.TurqeT-saqarTvelos SoriskeTilmezobluri urTierTobisganmtkicebis mzardi tendenciisfonze, tao-klarjeTis Zeglebisadmipozitiuri Semobrunebismraval faqtors Soris gadamwyvetiroli iTamaSa mosaxleobissocialur-ekonomikuri pirobebisgaumjobesebis konkretulmamotivaciam. kerZod: taoklarjeTisZeglebis, rogorcturistuli nakadebis mozidvis,perspeqtivam. am mxriv Tanam-Sromlobis realuri konturebiukve ikveTeba.tao-klarjeTis Zeglebis dacvazeorientirebuli TanamSromlobiserT-erT xelSemwyobfaqtorad TurqeTis evrokav-Sirisaken garkveuli ltolvacSeiZleba CaiTvalos. evrokav-SirisaTvis ki kulturulimemkvidreobis dacva, adamianisuflebebis dacvasTan, kanonisuzenaesobasa da pluralisturdemokratiasTan erTad, evropulfaseulobaTa sistemis erTerTiumniSvnelovanesi elementia.warmoadgens ra msoflioZeglTadacviTi saerTaSorisoorganizaciis wevr-saxelmwifos,TurqeTi, saerTaSoriso valdebulebebissafuZvelze, aRiarebsTavis teritoriaze ar-tbeTi _ X-s I naxevarip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i92


T v i d a n T v e m d eTurqeTis Crdilo-aRmosavleTteritoriaze, tao-klarjeTisZeglebis garemoSi mcxovrebTamZime socialur-ekonomikuriproblemebis fonze, am ZeglebisaTvisturistul nakadTamozidvis mZlavri potenciuricentris funqciis miniWebawarmoadgens TurqeTis socialur-ekonomikuriganviTarebisZireul interess.gansakuTrebiT xazgasasmeliais garemoeba, rom, tao-klarjeTisZeglebTan erTad, turistulinakadebis mozidvisumnivSnelovanes potencialsganapirobebs ganumeorebelimxatvrul-esTetikuri TaviseburebiTgamorCeuli Zeglebisbunebriv-landSafturi garemo:gansakuTrebuli Seferilobisada faqturis, SiSveli Tugatyianebuli kldis masivebismonacvleoba, da maTgan SemozRudulivrceli sivrce,erTianobaSi maRalesTetikuribunebriv-landSafturi Zeglisganumeorebel saxes qmnis. maTumaRles niSnulebsa Tu ferdebzeganfenili, daxvewili arqiteqturulitaqtiT CawerilixuroTmoZRvruli Sedevrebi,garemosTan erTad, bunebrivida kulturuli Zeglis sworu-oTxTa eklesia _ XI-is meore naxevarisebul kulturul memkvidreobas,rogorc saerTo-sakacobriofaseulobas, aseve am faseulobaTadacvaze pasuxismgeblobas.nakisr valdebulebaTa SesrulebismizniT, mTel rig konvenciissafuZvelze, saerTa-Soriso organizaciebi mowodebulniarian, TurqeTs aRmou-Cinon finansuri, teqnikurida meTodologiuri daxmarebasaerTaSoriso mobilizebisa daTanamSromlobis Sedegad, araerTi ganadgurebis safrTxeSimyofi iseTi sakacobrio SedevrigadarCenila, romelTa Senar-Cunebac, kulturuli memkvidreobisdasacavad aucilebeliresursebis ukmarisobis gamo,erovnul doneze ver ganxorcieldeboda.jer kidev aTeuliwlebis win solidarobismZlavr moZraobad iqca iuneskosZalisxmeviT ganxorcielebuliaqciebi nubiuri ZeglebisgadasarCenad, romelTac niloszeasuanis kaSxlis mSeneblobaganadgurebiT emuqreboda. aseveiuneskos cnobili mowodebebi,damangreveli wyaldidobebiTdazaralebuli florenciisa daveneciis gadasarCenad, ganmsaz-Rvrel faqtorad iqca.tao-klarjeTis Zeglebis dRevandelisavalalo mdgomareobisada im WeSmaritebis gaTvaliswinebiT,rom maTi ganadgureba_ gaqrobiT gamowveuli danaklisi,imavdroulad, sakacobriokulturis danaklisia, am unikalurikulturuli plastisgadarCena uciloblad undaiqces saerTaSoriso ZeglTadacviTiorganizaciebis gadaudebelizrunvis sagnad.am kuTxiT TurqeTisa dasaqarTvelos TanamSromlobatao-klarjeTis Zeglebis dacvisada gadarCenis sruliad axalperspeqtivebs warmoaCens. amSesaZleblobis xelidan gaSvebaki danaSaulis tolfasia. taoklarjeTisZeglebis turizmisinfrastruqturaSi CarTvis idea,dRevandel etapze unda ganixilebodes,rogorc am unikalurikulturuli memkvidreobisgadarCenis erTaderTigaranti. aseTi midgoma sruladupasuxebs ZeglTadacviTi saerTa-Soriso organizaciebisa dakulturuli memkvidreobissferoSi saerTaSoriso konvenciebismier damkvidrebul tendenciebs,romelTa mixedviTackulturuli memkvidreoba warmoadgenssocialuri ganviTarebisada ekonomikuri progresis,mosaxleobis dasaqmebisada ekonomikuri aqtivobis mni-Svnelovan faqtors. aseTi socialur-ekonomikuriprogresisstimulators ganekuTvneba kulturuliturizmi. ase, romoSki _ X-s-is II naxevari_ 963-973wwp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i93


T v i d a n T v e m d ekuri da finansuri daxmarebisuzrunvelsayofad, - umniSvnelovanesifaqtoria.mimaCnia, rom am urTulesida mravalfaqtoriani problemisgadawyvetis mizniT, unda Seiqmnesproblemis gadawyvetaSimonawile subieqtebisa da maTkoordinirebul qmedebaTa uzrunvelyofisspecialuri struqtura.monawile subieqtebSiigulisxmeba erovnul (TurqeTisaqarTvelo)da saerTaSoriso(iunesko, evrosabWo, ICROMdoneebze SerCeuli da miznobrivprogramebze orientirebuliwarmomadgenlobiTi jgufebi.Zeglebis gadarCena-dacvismizniT, gansakuTrebul mniSvnelobasiZens ZeglTa dacvissferos specialistTa da mecnierTa_ istorikosebis, xelovnebismcodneebis,arqeologebis,arqiteqtor-urbanistebis, ekologebis,kulturuli turizmisada menejmentis specialistebisaganSemdgari Turqul-qarTulierToblivi interdisciplinulijgufis formireba.swored am jgufma undaganaxorcielos tao-klarjeTisZeglebis konservaciisa darestavraciisaTvis aucilebeli,saerTaSoriso standartebsa daTurqeTis sakanonmdeblo bazazedafuZnebuli, mecnieruli kvleva-Ziebisa da Seswavlis srulicikli. swored am jgufisZeglebze daSveba da kvleviTsamuSaoTa dawyeba mimaCnia taoklarjeTisqarTuli ZeglebisgadasarCenad mimarTuli procesissawyis etapad.problemis gadawyvetis aucilebelpirobad unda iqnesganxiluli misi internacionalizacia:Zeglebis gadarCenisada kulturuli turizmis politikaunda SemuSavdes daganxorcieldes iuneskos egidiT.iuneskos eqspertebisa da interdisciplinulijgufebis koordinirebulimoqmedeba unda iqcestao-klarjeTis Zeglebis dacvisada maTi turizmis infrastruqturaSiCarTvis politikissaerTaSoriso standartebTanSesabamisobis myari garanti.povar nimuSs warmoadgens.eWvsgareSea, rom tao-klarjeTiseklesia-monastrebis Semoqmedniar Ralatobdnen daagrZelebdnen qarTuli xuroTmoZRvrebisaTvisdamaxasiaTebel,_ xuroTmoZRvruli qmnilebisbunebriv-landSaftur garemosTanharmoniuli Serwymis, _ tradiciebs,romlis ubadlo magaliTimcxeTis jvris monasteria.zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare,tao-klarjeTis ZeglebTan erTad,gadamwyvet mniSvnelobas iZensmaTi vrceli bunebriv-land-Safturi garemocvis _ rogorcbunebis Zeglis _ dacvac. esTavisebureba kulturul ZeglebTanerTad, aRniSnul problemasaqcevs msoflio kulturulida bunebrivi memkvidreobisdacvis konvenciis~CarCoebSi. swored am konvenciisZaliT iqna aRiarebuli bunebriv-landSafturiZeglis cnebada misi saerTaSoriso ZalisxmeviTdacvis aucilebloba. esgaremoeba ki, problemis mosagvareblad,-gadaudebeli saerTa-Soriso meTodologiuri, teqni-bana _ VIIs-is Sua wlebip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i94


maradiulic da warmavalicpasuxs iTxovssaubari baton jumber lominaZesTan 9 ivniss gai-marTa. igi ukve aRar iyo centraluri saarCevnokomisiis Tavmjdomare, magram misi pirovnebamxolod csk-is Tavmjdomareobis gamo ar iwvevsinteress, jumber lominaZe aris saqarTvelosmecnierebaTa akademiis abasTumnis astrofizikuriobservatoriis filialis plazmuri astrofizikiscentris xelmZRvaneli, saxelmwifo premiislaureati, 180-mde samecniero Sromis avtori,amerikis fizikuri sazogadoebisa da saerTaSo-riso astronomiuli kavSiris wevri, amitomacinterviu misi samecniero moRvaweobiT daviwyeT.s t u m a r i_ Cems cxovrebaSi Zalianbevri mniSvnelovani, sapasuxismgebloTanamdeboba mekava,magram arasodes miviswrafodiTanamdebobisken. amisSesaxeb interviuSi aqamdear miTqvams da minda,axla CamovTvalo: 1956 welswarCinebiT davamTavre moskovissaxelmwifo universitetisfizikis fakulteti.ramdenime TviT adre vidre,universitets davamTavrebdi,moskovSi Camovidnen maSinarc ise cnobili akademikosia.saxarovi da samgzissocialisturi gmiri_ i.zeldoviCi. Cveni fakultetidan11 kaci SearCiesCeliabinskSi, daxurulobieqtze, samuSaod. maTSoris viyavi me. sami weligavatare CeliabinskSi, sadacvmuSaobdi birTvuli iara-Ris Seqmnis problemebzeda sadac moxda Cemi pirvelisamecniero naTloba.saqarTveloSi gadmosvlisasmecnierebaTa akademiis fizikisinstitutis direqtorma_ elefTer andronikaSvilma_ SemomTavaza institutisswavluli mdivnoba. batonelefTerTan muSaoba didipativi iyo. gavida TiTqmis15 weli da batonma iliavekuam SemomTavaza akademiisprezidiumis swavluli mdivnoba.ise Tavxedurad moviqeci,sami Tvis SemdegdavTanxmdi maSin gamoyenebiTimaTematikis institutSi, sadacbatoni ilia muSaobda(instituti axla mis saxelsatarebs), vxelmZRvanelobdiaxalgazrdebis jgufs. Semdeggavxdi akademiis wevr-korespodenti,akademikosi, akademikos-mdivani...manamde kibatoni ilia vekua dabatoni evgeni xaraZe kamaTobdnen,visTan gamekeTebinaarCevani: gadavsuliyavi gamoyenebiTimaTematikis institutSi,Tu mexelmZRvanelaastrofizikosTa jgufisaTvisabasTumnis astrofizikurobservatoriaSi, romelicyalibdeboda. arCevani gakeTdaobservatoriaze, esjgufi Semdeg ganyofilebadgardaiqmna. ar miyvars sityva`trabaxi~, magram Tu SeiZlebakacma raimeTi itrabaxos,maSin vityvi, romaxla myavs saqveynod aRiarebulijgufi plazmurastrofizikaSi.1982 wels batonma viqtorkupraZem datova mecnierebaTaakademiis fizika-ma-Tematikis ganyofilebisakademikos-mdivnis Tanamdebobada misi adgili me Semom-Tavazes. es CemTvis udidesipativi iyo. batoni viqtorimimaCnda (da axlac imaveazris var) mecnieris,pirovnebis, moqalaqis simbolod.arc imas dagimalavT,rom Cemamde sxvebsac Ses-Tavazes akademikos-mdivnoba,magram maT uari Tqves.1992 wels batonma evgenim,xandazmulobis gamo, gadawyvitaobservatoriidan wasvlada SemomTavaza observatoriisdireqtoroba. esuzarmazari pativi iyo _direqtoroba observatoriisa,romelsac igi 60weli xelmZRvanelobda. dabolos: metad sapasuxismgebloda mniSvnelovaniposti SemomTavaza Cveniqveynis prezidentma, batonmaeduard SevardnaZem. 1996wels man damibara damiTxra: minda, dagakisrocentraluri saarCevnokomisiis Tavmjdomareobao.es CemTvis moulodneliiyo da sastiki uariganvacxade. baton eduardsaqvs saocari unari, logikiT,moqmedebiT gavlenamoaxdinos adamianze...... cotaxanSi madlobiT gamovedip a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i95


s t u m a r iamerikeli senatorisem braunbeqi, saqarTvelos parlamentissxdomaze jumber lominaZesTan erTadmisi kabinetidan. Cemi pirvelisamuSaodan dawyebuliaqamde yvela TanamdebobasmTavazobda. amiT ar vtrabaxob,magram meamayeba... meoresmxriv, rodesac observatoriisdireqtoroba mivatove,CemTvis es araviTariproblema ar iyo. zogisTviski tragediad iqceva xolmeamnairi situacia. Zneladgavixseneb SemTxvevas, vinmeTavisiT wasuliyo direqtorispostidan, akademiaSicki. ai, ukve aRar varcentraluri saarCevnokomisiis Tavmjdomare. dapiriqiT kmayofili var,rom es posti davtove,aravis CemTvis es ar dau-Zalebia. aTasi ram daiwera:lominaZe unda wavides, maszezewolaa xelisuflebisgano.me amas aravin makadrebda.Cvens saarCevno komisiasbevri Secdoma hqonda, bevri_ xarvezi, laparakobdnengayalbebaze, raRa ar iTqva,magram am dReebSi presasTvali gadavavle. Turme,kargic bevri iTqva. erTmakorespodentma isic dawera,batonma jumberma Jurnalistebissiyvaruli daimsaxurao.gamixarda. me myavsmegobrebi, Svili, SviliSvilebi,SvilTaSvilic ki,marTalia, mas jer kiTxvaar SeuZlia, magram dadgebadro da waikiTxavs. Zalianakuratuli kaci var, yvelafersvinaxav. albaT, ardaijerebT, Senaxuli maqvsmeSvideklasisdroindeli`norCi lenineli~. Cemi meuRlisadmi,Cemi meorenaxevrisadmi_ am sityvis WeSmaritigagebiT _ miZRvniligamofenis mowyobisas ormociwliswinandelinegativebigamoviyene. wesrigis siyvarulidedisagan gamomyva,magram bevri ram momcamoskovis universitetmac.guli mwydeba, rom CemsSvilsa da SviliSvilebsar miecaT sazRvargareTswavlis saSualeba. CemTvisojaxi yvelaferia. me diditragedia ganvicade _ 45weli erTad cxovrebis Semdeg,davkarge usayvarlesi,uWkvianesi, uganaTlebulesiadamiani, lia iyo araCveulebrivipirovneba. qalTanamis Tqma Znelia: didisilamaze da didi Wkuazogjer ver Tavsdeba erTpirovnebaSi. me mgonia, liaam mxriv gamonaklisi iyo.mis Semdeg Cemma ojaxmagamaZlebina da gadamar-Cina._ batono jumber,Tqveni Tanxmoba saarCevnokomisiisTavmjdomareo-baze mxolod batoneduard SevardnaZis mom-nusxveli Zalis bralia,Tu iyo sxva, obieqturiTu subieqturi mizezi,Tundac, maRali xelfasi?_ magaliTs didi Zalaaqvs. Cemamde centralurisaarCevno komisiis Tavmjdomareebiiyvnen akademikosebi:irakli Jordania, merabaleqsiZe, vano kiRuraZe.amitomac davTanxmdi, SeiZleba,bevri veraferi gavakeTe,magram me rom arvyofiliyavi, darwmunebulivar, uaresi iqneboda. Tumcasruliad usafuZvlodgagvlanZRes da gagvTaTxes....Tavidan jamagiri 200-300lari iyo. eqvsasi lari,romelic telekompania`iberiaSi~ vaxsene, mxolodbolo erTi weli mqonda.Tavmjdomaris postidan gadadgomiTxelfasic davkargeda transportic, magrames ar aris tragedia.araviTari ambicia ara maqvs.xelfasi CemTvis cota ramar iyo, magram amis saz-Rauri samecniero grantebiiqneba, romlebic Cems axalgazrdebTanerTad movipove.grantebi amJamad, akademiisdabali dafinansebis pirobebSi,mniSvnelovani saarsebowyaroa. maTi meSveobiT bevriaxalgazrdaa Cabmulisamecniero muSaobaSi._ didi ufleba didimovaleoba-pasuxismgeblo-bisagan ganuyofelia: sa-qarTvelosparlamentiTqveni saqmianobis nayo-ficaris..._ pirveli piri, raTanamdebobisac unda iyos,yovelTvis pasuxismgebelia,magram realurad romSevxedoT, centraluri saar-Cevno komisia aris koleqtiuriorgano. me rommikerZoebuli vyofiliyavi,aseT gavlenas ver movaxdendi.sxdomis dros zogjerise upirispirdebodnen erTmaneTs,rom mxolod imazevfiqrobdi, raime usamarTlobaar momxdariyo. xSi-p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i96


s t u m a r irad mesmoda, Tqveni bralia,darRvevebi rom xdebao.ki, bevri ram iyo cudi,magram isec momxdara, sam-Tavrobo partiebisaTvismxari ar damiWeria, radganmimaCnda, rom im momentSimaTi pozicia umarTebuloiyo. cxadia, parlamentSiunda iyvnen gamorCeuli,saqmis mcodne adamianebi.samwuxarod, bolo drosparlamentSi moxvedrascdilobs xalxi, romlebicamas sruliad ar imsaxurebs.xSirad parlamentis sxdomebzesityviT erTi daigive xalxi gamodis, misiSemadgenlobis daaxloebiT60% ucnobia sazogadoebisaTvis,isini, albaT, komisiebSimuSaoben, magrammainc ufro aqtiurebi undaiyvnen. dasanania, rom zogierTmaparlamenti gadaaqciaTavisi usafrTxoebisada xelSeuxeblobis farad,amas xalxi xedavs, araferiimaleba. parlamenti undadaemsgavsos iseT organos,romelsac pirvel rigSiqveynis bedi awuxebs. axlaukve dadga kardinalurisakiTxi, saarCevno komisiebiunda gadaxalisdes, kanonigamkacrdes: unda daisajosis, vinc dasasjelia. yoveliarCevnebis win, erTi anori TviT adre, SegvaqvskanonSi cvlilebebi, dafinansebacgvian modis. ityvian,Tavs imarTlebso. Tavs arvimarTleb. yvela xarvezigayalbebis sawindaria. zogierTiadamiani imdenadaris Sepyrobili am maniakuriswrafviT, romyvela xerxs iyenebs. bevrjermiTqvams: sanam qveyanaSi argamokeTdeba saerTo situacia,Cven idealur arCevnebzever vilaparakebT. optimistivar, magram realoba undaaRviqvaT. 3200 saarCevnoubania, yvelgan xom verCaxval? ivnisi Tavdeba,darCa oTxi Tve. siebigasakeTebelia. fuli gadmosaricxi.amomrCevelTasiebi erT-erTi qvakuTxedia,siebi gaakeTa Sinagan saqmeTasaministrom, magram aq metadmniSvnelovania misi xarisxi._ marTla ar SeiZleboda SeTanxmeba, Tuisev nacnobi modeli:`Senc waxdi mec wama-xdine~?_ axla imdenad cotadro darCa, rom aucilebladunda moxdes SeTanxmeba.principulad ar ve-Tanxmebi saarCevno komisiispartiuli principiT dakompleqtebas.rogori obieqturicunda iyos adamiani,Tavs ver moTokavs. isTavisi partiis interessicavs da obieqturi veriqneba. ratom kamaTobengauTaveblad imaze, Tu vismeti kaci eyoleba csk-Si? amiT isini TavidanveaRiareben, rom visac metikaci eyoleba, mas eqneba,upiratesoba. saSualeba eqnebaTavis sasargeblod gadawyvitossaqme. Tu parlamentisagazafxulo sesiis damTavrebamdever miiRebs gadawyvetilebasadministraciisformirebis wesze, maSinZveli komisia rCeba, anu11 kaci, aris meore varianti:20 ivnisamde parlamentimiiRebs saarCevnokodeqss SesworebebiT. esecrom moxdes, mainc swrafitempia saWiro. Sinagan saqmeTasaministros mier SedgenilsiebSi daaxloebiT, samimilioni kacia. sami milioniunda Seiyvanon kompiuterSi,gaisinjos, gaifiltros siebi.saerTaSoriso organizaciebinaxevari milioni dolariTdagvexmarebian._ roca saarCevno ko-misiisdakompleqtebazesaubroben,parlamentissxdomaze baton lalijavaxiSvilisgamosvlamaxsendeba, _ romeliRackomisiisdakompleqtebagamxdariyo davis sagani,_ `saqarTveloSi movZeb-noT 10-15 genetikuradpatiosani adamiani~. am-gvari SerCevis weszera azris brZandebiT?_ rogor ar SeiZlebamoiZebnos. magram, patiosnebisgarda, saWiroa profesionalizmi,gambedaoba, SemarTeba..._ Tqvens neba-survilzerom iyos damokidebuli,romeli qveynis saarCevnomodelsairCevdiT?_ yvela qveyanas TavisiTavisebureba gaaCnia. memomwons ruseTis saarCevnokodeqsi. ruseTSi 15 kacisaganSedgeba centralurisaarCevno komisia. yvelaiuristia. 5 kacs niSnavsprezidenti, xuTs _duma,xuTs _ federaciis sabWo.roca iwureba komisiisvada, xdeba maTi rotacia,sruliad umtkivneulod.Semdeg parlamenti amtkicebs.CvenTan ki yoveli arCevnebiswin aris cvlilebebi. esxom nonsensia. arCevnebsSoris periodSi yvelasaviwydeba, rom kanonzeuwyveti muSaobaa saWiro.SvilTaSvil giorgisTan erTadp a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i97


s t u m a r ijumber lominaZemeuRlesTan erTadsaarCevno kanonze saarCevnokomisiam unda imuSaos, daara marto parlamentma.roca cota dro rCeba,viwyebT aqtiur muSaobasda amitom Secdomebicmogvdis._ batono jumber!cota xani SevisvenoTda visaubroT Tqvenshobze, romelic mxolodfotografiiT ar Semoi-sazRvreba._ bavSvobidan mainteresebdafokusebi. me imdenadgamitaca fokusebma, romucxoeTSi yofnisas vyidulobrekvizitebs, romelicsakmaod Zviria. aris maTematikurifokusebi da sxva.cotas vxatav kidec. Cemihobia unikaluri wignebisSegrovebac, SarSanwin Zalzecnobilma amerikelma Jurnalmagamoaqveyna XX saukunis100 yvelaze popularulimecnieruli wigni.maTgan me 15 aRmomaCnda.momavalSi vapireb popularizaciagavuwio mecnierulmiRwevebs, davwero memuarebi.es arCevnebi CemTvis didicxovrebiseuli gakveTiliiyo. guSin megobrebma dampatiJesda yvela milocavda.marTlac mosalocia, romaRara var centralurisaarCevno komisiis Tavmjdomare._ da, ai, gagiCndaTsaSualeba,daubrundeTsakuTar Tavs, sayvarelsaqmes._ me myavs axalgazrdebisjgufi. vmuSaob Teoriuliastrofizikis Zalian sainteresosakiTxebze, neitronulivarskvlavebisa da Savixvrelebis TeoriaSi. ZalianmniSvnelovani Sedegebi gvaqvsmiRebuli. Cveni naSromebiaRiarebulia msoflioSi.60-iani wlebidan var Tbilisissaxelmwifo universitetisfizikis fakultetisleqtori. SesaniSnaviaxalgazrdebi gvyvanan, magrammaTi umetesoba ucxoeTSimoRvaweobs da, Tu CvensqveyanaSi raime ar Seicvala,arc dabrundebian. minda,raRac `inventarizaciismagvari~gavakeTo, _ ismainc vicodeT, amJamad vinsad saqmianobs. inteleqtiCveni yvelaze didi simdidrea.sxva yvelaferi warmavalia._ sityva warmavalzeCamovarda. komisiebi mov-len da wavlen, darCebamaradiulifaseuloba,Tundac, siyvaruli. sayovelTaodaacnobili Tqve-ni da lias saarakosiyvarulis ambavi. rasWirdeba siyvaruls, romigi ar mokvdes, Tundacor adamians Soris?_ saintereso SekiTxvadamisviT, Cemi meuRle iyowarmoudgeneli silamazis,araCveulebrivi sulierimonacemebis adamiani. namdvilirusTveluri uSurvelobaaxasiaTebda. sulsar daiSurebda. lia iyoCemi udidesi bednierebacxovrebaSi da ase iqnebamarad.maradiulia kiTxvebi Cvenisamyaros Sesaxebac: suliarsebebs igi? martonivarT Cvens samyaroSi? samyarosasrulia, Tu usasrulo?es aris is maradiulikiTxvebi, romelTackosmologia swavlobs. meamjerad Zalzed gatacebulivar kosmologiiT.p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i98


p a r l a m e n t i s u w y e b a n i99

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