Untitled

tolerantoba.ge

Untitled

germaniaSi nacistebi rom

komunistebs miadgnen,

xma ar amomiRia,

radgan komunisti ar vyofilvar.

ebraelebs miadgnen da

xma ar amomiRia,

radgan ebraeli ar vyofilvar.

profkavSirebs miadgnen da

xma ar amomiRia,

radgan profkavSireli ar vyofilvar,

kaTolikeebze gadavidnen da

xma ar amomiRia,

radgan kaTolike ar vyofilvar.

Semdeg me momadgnen...

da aRaravin iyo darCenili,

rom xma amoeRo...

martin niimioleri

pastori, germaniis

evangelur- luTeruli eklesia


solidaroba

#1(28)

saqarTvelos saxalxo

damcvelis Jurnali

redaqtori: nino cincaZe

stilis

redaqtori: levan bregaZe

dizaini: besik danelia

foto: levan xerxeuliZe

marika asaTiani

redkolegia: sozar subari

beqa mindiaSvili

Tamar Samili

sergo ratiani

garekanze:

levan xerxeuliZis foto

Jurnali momzadebulia saxalxo

damcvelTan arsebuli tolerantobis

centris mier

ibeWdeba gaeros ganviTarebis programis

mxardaWeriT

winamdebare gamocemaSi gamoTqmuli

mosazrebebi ar asaxavs gaerTianebuli

erebis organizaciis an gaeros

ganviTarebis programis Tvalsazriss

misamarTi: Tbilisi, maCablis 11,

tel.: 92 24 81

www.ombudsman.ge

saqarTvelos

saxalxo

damcveli

gaeros

ganviTarebis

programa

22

4 LUMEN

somexTa da qarTvelTa

sarwmunoebrivi urTierTobebi

16

27

34

40

nugzar papuaSvili

mrgvali magida

religiuri umciresobebi -

darRveuli balansi

nino cincaZe

perspeqtiva

sarwmunoebiT qarTveli

sergo ratiani

erTi iluziis istoria

zaal andronikaSvili

ZeglebiT TamaSi

arCil qiqoZe


61

45

61

67

politika da ideologia

demokratia, rogorc

universaluri faseuloba

amartia seni

TOLERANCE

55 nu moklav jafaras!

lela gafrindaSvili

media

presis Tavisufleba msoflioSi

2008 wels

fridon sayvareliZe

orientiri

desmond tutu -

samarTlianobisTvis mebrZoli

`cisartyelas qveynis~ Svili

nino beqiSvili

73

80

89

95

EX CATHEDRA

marTlmadidebeli eklesia

pluralistul samyaroSi

dekanozi emanuel klapsisi

rogor viRebdi

gansxvavebasa da msgavsebas

arCil qiqoZe

100 Summary

Sinaarsi WeSmariti moqalaqeobisa

beqa mindiaSvili

eklesiisa da saxelmwifos

TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb

iRumeni petre meSCerinovi

eTnosebi saqarTveloSi

28


#1(28)

Solidarität

LUMEN

somexTa

da qarTvelTa

sarwmunoebrivi

urTierTobebi

nugzar papuaSvili

`mSvidobiT Sekrbes erTad somexni da qarTvelni~

_ es sityvebi XI s-is qarTveli episkoposis, leonti

mrovelis, naSromSi `cxovreba qarTvelTa mefeTa~

ramdenjerme gvxvdeba. maT iq erTob STambeWdavi

adgili uWiravT da didi Sinaarsobrivi datvirTva

aqvT. aq, upirveles yovlisa, warmoCenilia survili da

ocneba, rom aRdges da ganaxldes is Tanxmoba,

Tanadgoma da Tanalmoba, rac somexTa da qarTvelTa

istoriis dasabams amkobda da ramac orive xalxis

TviTdamkvidrebas, _ maT mier saxelmwifoebis

mSeneblobas da TiToeuli xalxis kulturosan erad

Camoyalibebas Seuwyo xeli.

qarTvelTa da somexTa Tanacxovrebis

istoria mdidaria

iseTi faqtebiT, movlenebiT,

TvalsazrisebiTa da TeoriebiT,

romelTa mniSvneloba

orive qveynis farglebs Sordeba

da saerTaSoriso interess

imsaxurebs. igulisxmeba

rogorc politikuri da sazogadoebrivi,

ise kulturuli

da religiuri urTierTobebi.

didi xania, rac am urTier-

Tobebis xasiaTisa da Sinaarsis

garkvevaze intensiurad

muSaoben rogorc adgilob-

4

}'vh'mksr

rivi, ise ucxoeli mkvlevarebi.

isini aRniSnaven, rom qar-

Tul-somxuri urTierTobebis

problema Zalian rTuli

da sainteresoa. sainteresoa

imdenad, ramdenadac isini erT

sqemaSi ver Tavsdebian da saerTo

suraTis dadgena SeuZlebelia.

process cvalebadoba

da urTierTgamomricxavi

movlenebis Tanaarseboba

axasiaTebs, magram veravin

uaryofs, rom mezobel erebs

Soris intensiuri urTierTobebi,

romlebic arasdros Sewy-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


vetila, mudam kulturaTa

dialogisa da urTierTgamdidrebis

samsaxurSi idga.

marTebulad SeniSnavs prof.

vaCe nalbandiani: `saukuneTa

siRrmidan modis am ori moZme

xalxis, qarTvelebisa da somxebis

megobroba. igi iseve Zvelia,

rogorc TviT es xalxebi.

misi mravalsaukunovani

fesvebi gadgmulia Zalian

Rrmad da uxsovar, winaistoriul

dros aRwevs. am megobrobisa

da Zmobis Sesaxeb guli-

Tadi sityvebiT gviamboben

somxursa da qarTul istoriul

Zeglebsa Tu matianeebSi

daculi da saukuneTa wiaRidan

Cvenamde moRweuli xalxuri

gadmocemebi da Tqmulebebi~

(nalbandiani 1959: gv. 9).

aRniSnuli urTierTobebis

safuZvlian Seswavlas aqvs

rogorc wminda mecnieruli,

ise sazogadoebriv-saganmanaTleblo

daniSnuleba. gaviTvaliswinoT,

rom esaa didi istoria,

_ politikur, socialur

da religiur movlenaTa

sveticxoveli. mcxeTa (XI s.)

grZeli jaWvi, romlis TiToeuli

rgoli xalxTa Tanacxovrebis

mravalmxriv saintereso

epizods Seicavs. am epizodebis

aRweras da maT analizs

ara erTi da ori sqeltaniani

wigni dasWirdeba, romlebSic

mkiTxveli cxovrebisaTvis

da, kerZod, erTa TanacxovrebisaTvis

bevr gamosadeg

da Wkuissaswavlebel masalas

ipovis. maT Soris aRmoCndeba

iseTi masalac, romelic

sarwmunoebaTa urTierTobis

kulturaze, tolerantobasa

da religiurobis civilizebulad

gamoxatvis wesebze migvaniSnebs;

am saganze dagvafiqrebs,

zogjer sakuTari Tavis

mimarT kritikulad gangvawyobs

da umjobesi gzebis Ziebisaken

gvibiZgebs. amjerad

Cveni mizania, gavixsenoT da

gavaanalizoT ramdenime

faqti, movlena da Sexeduleba,

romlebic cnobilia saqar-

Tvelo-somxeTis urTierTobis

istoriidan da sagulisxmoa

religiurobis kulturis

TvalsazrisiTac.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

5

solidaroba

erTi sarwmunoebis

epoqa

Zveli saistorio wyaroebis

mixedviT da Tanamedrove mecnieruli

xedviTac qarTvelebisa

da somxebis erebad da,

kerZod, politikuri tvirTis

matarebel erebad, e. i. saxelmwifoebad,

Camoyalibeba erTsa

da imave garemoSi, erTsa da

imave sivrcesa da sulier atmosferoSi

moxda. orive xalxsa

da qveyanas saerTo samezoblo

hqondaT da am samezoblosTan

maT metwilad erTnairi

kontaqtebi aaxloebdaT,

_ politikuri, ekonomikuri

da religiuri. amis Sesabamisad

orive qveyanaSi TiTqmis

erTi da igive sarwmunoebrivi

viTareba sufevda.

Zvel drox, winare istoriuli

xanidan gaqristianebamde, somxebisa

da qarTvelebis avtoqtonuri

religia warmarToba

iyo. isini asulierebdnen bunebas

da, amis Sesabamisad,

hqondaT qvaTa, xeTa, mTaTa

wminda eCmiaZinis kaTedrali. fragmenti (IV-XVII ss.)


#1(28)

da wyalTa Tayvaniscemis ritualebi,

romlebic adgilobrivi

garemosagan ikvebeboda

da adgilobriv kolorits

atarebda. paralelurad sazRvargareTidan

intensiurad

Semodioda SedarebiT rafinirebuli

da daxvewili panTeoni

anu RvTaebaTa kultebi

(kerpebi da maTi msaxurebis

wesebi). laparakia rogorc

sparsul-Suamdinarul, ise

berZnul-romaul saRvTismsaxuro

sistemebze, romlebic

orive qveyanaSi, gansakuTrebiT

mosaxleobis zedafenaSi,

advilad ikafavda gzas da

inergeboda. orive qveyanaSi

erTsa da imave dros gamoCndnen

ebraelebi, romlebmac

moitanes Tora da mkvidr

mosaxleobas monoTeizmis

ideebTan ziarebis SesaZlebloba

misces. amitomaa, rom

somxebisa da qarTvelebis

qristianobamdeli miTologia,

asaxuli Zvel (V-XI ss.) literaturul

ZeglebSi, moicavs

rogorc warmarTuli mraval-

RmerTianobis, ise mazdeanobisa

da bibliuri gadmocemebis

elementebs.

SeiZleba iTqvas, rom somxeTsa

da saqarTveloSi, iq binadar

tomebs Soris, aTaswleulebis

manZilze erTi da igive

religiuri atmosfero

arsebobda, _ am sferoSi erTa

Soris urTierTobas araviTari

damabrkolebeli lodi ar

eRobeboda. es garemoeba, cxadia,

xels uwyobda am ori xalxisa

da saxelmwifos politikurad

da kulturulad daaxloebas.

am faqtis mniSvneloba

da pozitiuri roli mas

Semdeg gaacnobieres (yovel

SemTxvevaSi, saqarTveloSi),

rac amgvari lodi warmoiSva

Solidarität

LUMEN

da misi arseboba yvelasaTvis

sagrZnobi gaxda. esaa saqarTvelosa

da somxeTis sarwmunoebrivi

da eklesiuri gayofa

gaqristianebis momdevno

saukuneebSi. amitom araa gasakviri,

rom XI-XI I ss-is saqarTveloSi,

romelic realurad

qarTvelTa, somexTa da kavkasiis

sxva xalxebis saxelmwifos

warmoadgenda, aRniSnuli

erTianobis mimarT mZafri

nostalgia gaCnda da xsenebuli

lodis ganeitralebaze

zrunva daiwyo.

leonti mrovelis zemoT dasaxelebuli

wigni, romlis

sruli saTauria `cxovreba

qarTvelTa mefeTa da pirvelTaganTa

mamaTa da naTesavTa~

da romelic `qarTlis

cxovrebis~ fundaments warmoadgens,

ase iwyeba: `pirvelad

vaxsenoT ese, rameTu somexTa

da qarTvelTa, ranTa da movaknelTa,

herTa da lekTa,

megrelTa da kavkasianTa... er-

Ti iyo mama, saxeliT Targamos~.

Targamosma, _ noes ufrosi

vaJis, semis, SviliSvilma,

_ babilonis godolis daqcevis

Semdeg kavkasiis mTebs

miaSura da iq, araratisa da

masisis sanaxebSi, damkvidrda.

man rva gmiri, rva saxelovani

Svili gazarda: haos, qarTlos,

bardos, movakan, lek, heros,

kavkas da egros. Targamosma

kavkasia rva nawilad dayo da

Svilebs gaunawila. Zmebs Soris,

pirvel yovlisa ki qarTlossa

da haoss Soris, e. i. qarTvelTa

da somexTa mamamTavrebs

Soris, erTguleba da siyvaruli

sufevda. magram bednierebas

erTi ram aklda _ Tavisufleba

da damoukidebloba.

JamTaaRmwerlis TqmiT, `ese

rvanive erTobiT hmonebdes

6

}'vh'mksr

nebroTs gmirsa, romeli iyo

pirveli mefe yovlisa qveyanisa~.

laparakia bibliur nebroTze

(nimrodze), qamis STamomavalze,

quSis Zeze, romelmac

`iwyo Tavisi Zalovanebis

gamoCena miwaze. is iyo Zalovani

monadire uflis winaSe~

(dab. 10, 8-9). ai, es nebroTi,

devkaci da pirveli mefe dedamiwaze,

imJamad, itoriis

winare xanaSi, Turme kavkasiis

xalxebzec batonobda. Tavisuflebis

droSa, qarTlis

cxovrebis uwyebiT, pirvelad

somexTa mamamTavarma haosma

aafriala da Svidsave Zmas

mouxmo. daiwyo omi, ulmobeli

da usastikesi, nebroTian-

Ta da TargamosianelTa Soris,

romelic nebroTis, dedamiwaze

pirveli mefis, gangmirviT

da misi uZlevelobis

rwmenis gacamtverebiT dasrulda.

kavkasiaSi, kavkasiel-

Ta SeTanxmebuli Zalis wyalobiT,

mSvidobam da Tavisuflebam

daisadgura.

am istoriaSi arsaidan Cans,

araferia naTqvami da miniSnebulic

ki, rom Targamosianelebs

im WeSmaritebisagan

gadaexvioT, romelic maT uSualo

winapars, noes, da mis

ojaxs epyra. aseve vxedavT,

rom maT Soris sulieri da

msoflmxedvelobrivi harmoniaa;

aqvT erTi sarwmunoeba

da es sarwmunoeba, eWvi araa,

mamamTavar noes marTali da

RvTis mosawoni sarwmunoebaa.

ase rom, istoriis gariJraJze,

SeiZleba iTqvas, kavkasiis

oqros xanaSi, somxebi da qar-

Tvelebi, `qarTlis cxovrebis~

miniSnebiT, aramarto genetikiT

dakavSirebulni, aramed

simarTliTa da WeSmaritebiT

gasxivosnebulni arian.

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


amaRleba. nikorwminda (XI s.)

aseTi xana ki yvela xalxisaTvis

yvela epoqasa da formaciaSi

is saocnebo xanaa, saiTkenac

Taobebi miiswrafian.

rwmena imisa, rom somxebi da

qarTvelebi warmomavlobiT,

Zveli kulturiTa da religiiT

moZme xalxia, cxovelmyofel

Zalas inarCunebda. imave

qarTveli episkoposis cnobiT,

qarTvelebsa da somxebs

SemdgomSic, ukve istoriul

epoqaSi, araerTgzis gauwodebiaT

erTmaneTisaTvis daxmarebis

xeli. es bunebrivicaa,

Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom

orive ersa da qveyanas gangebam

TiTqmis erTi da igive

bedi arguna _ brZolebi gareSe

da Sinaur mtrebTan: iranis,

romisa da bizantiis imperiebTan,

Turq-selCukebTan,

separatistebTan. STambeWdavia

qarTvelebisa da somxebis

erToblivi brZolebi sparselebis

winaaRmdeg qarTlis mefeebis

farsman qvelisa da

asfaguris dros (I I -I I I ss.), rac

koaliciuri armiis gamarjvebiT

damTavrda. rodesac farsman

qvelis taxti misma Zmam

mirdatma Zalmomreobis gziT

miisakuTra, samarTlianoba

mxolod somexTa mefis daxmarebiT

aRdga (q. cx. I: gv. 52-

54). marTalia, aseT urTier-

Tobas alag-alag bzaric uCndeboda,

magram suraTi mTlianobaSi

igive rCeboda _ keTili

mezobloba. iyo SemTxveva,

leonti mrovelis uwyebiT,

rodesac somxebis winaaRmdeg

qarTvelebma da osebma erToblivad

gailaSqres. javaxeTSi

maT somexTa mefis artaSanis

Ze zareni Seipyres; wamoiyvanes

darials, sadac osebs misi

mokvla undodaT, magram qar-

Tvelebma maT amis saSualeba

ar misces. viTareba daiZaba,

magram yvelaferi molaparakebiT

damTavrda da problemebi

mogvarda. am ambis Txrobas

ruisis episkoposi (mroveli)

am sityvebiT amTavrebs:

`mieriTgan iqmnes moyvare somexni

da qarTvelni da ovsni.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

7

xaCkari `yovlismxsneli~ (XIII s.)

solidaroba

da samive erTobiT brZodes

mterTa” (q. cx. I: gv. 48-49).

leonti mroveli, rogorc amis

Taobaze qarTvel-somexTa ur-

TierTobis Tanamedrove mkvlevari

aleqsandre abdalaZe

SeniSnavs, aseTi Setakebebis

mimarT `amJRavnebs iseT damokidebulebas,

rom grCeba STabeWdileba,

TiTqos avtori,

marTlac, ZmaTaSoris gaCaRebuli

omis Sesaxeb gviambobdes

da misTvis erTnairad arasasurvelia

romelime mxaris

gamarjveba. alag-alag SeiZleba

gamovicnoT misi survili,

rom... brZolaSi sasurvelia

damarcxdes is mxare, romelsac

edeba pasuxismgebloba

qarTvelTa da somexTa wakidebisa~

(abdalaZe 1982: gv. 5-6).

qristianoba orive qveyanaSi

erTi da imave gziT Sevida da

misionerebic metwilad saer-

To hyavdaT: mociquli barTlome,

grigol parTeli da

nino qarTvelTa ganmanaTle


#1(28)

beli. maT gverdiT dganan qalwulmowameni

(wm. ninos dobilni)

rifsime da gaiane, romlebsac

qarTuli da somxuri saeklesio

tradicia (gansakuTrebiT

XI s-mdeli) TiTqmis Tanabari

qebiT da didebiT moixseniebs.

somxebisa da qarTvelebis

rwmenaSi erTianobis

simbolod warmogvidgeba wm.

SuSaniki, romelic gvartomobiT

somexi iyo, magram mowamis

gvirgvini saqarTvelos eklesiis

wiaRSi pova. rodesac misi

mama, saxelganTqmuli sardali

vardan mamikoniani, Sahma

sataxto qalaq ktezifonSi

sikvdiliT dasaja, oblad dar-

Cenili bavSvebi curtavis pitiaxSma

arSuSam saqarTvelo-

Si wamoiyvana da Tavis Svileb-

Tan erTad gazarda. iq SuSaniki

arSuSas rZali gaxda. gavixsenoT,

rogor moixseniebs igi

mamamTils, rodesac qristesagan

garemiqceul qmars, varsqens,

mimarTavs: `mamaman Senman

aRhmarTna samartvileni da

eklesiani aRaSenna da Sen mamisa

Senisa saqmeni ganhryuen da

sxuad gardaaqcien keTilni

misni; mamaman Senman wmidani

Semoixuna saxid Tvisa, xolo

Sen devni Semoixuen; man Rmer-

Ti, Semoqmedi caTai da qveyanisai,

aRiara da hrwmena...~

(Zveli qarTuli... 2005: gv. 12).

marTalia, sarwmunoebaSi erTianoba

Semdeg saukuneeSi warsuls

Cabarda, magram Tamamad

SegviZlia vTqvaT, rom swored

am erTianobisa da rwmenismieri

Tanacxovrebis xsovna iqca

Zalad, romelmac orive ers

bevri Znelbedoba da politikuri

kataklizmi gadaatanina

da TiToeul maTgans erTmane-

Tis kulturis salaroebSi

wvlilis Setanisaken ubiZga.

Solidarität

LUMEN

eklesiaTa gayofis

epoqa

qarTlisa da somxeTis anu, rac

igivea, mcxeTisa da eCmiaZinis

sakaTalikosoebs Soris evqaristiuli

kavSiris gawyvetis

safuZveli gaxda polemika,

romelmac V-VI ss-Si bizantia

da mTeli qristianuli aRmosavleTi

moicva. laparakia

samebis meore piris, gankacebuli

RmerTis, bunebis Sesaxeb.

kiTxva ase daisva: ieso

qristes, wuTisofelSi mosuli

RmerTis, pirovnebaSi rogori

urTierTobaa saRvTo

da adamianur (kacebriv) bunebaTa

Soris? anda: igi bunebiT

mxolod RmerTia (erTbunebovani

anu monofizitia) Tu _

bunebiT RmerTic da bunebiT

kacic (orbunebovani anu diofiziti)?

es sakiTxi ganixila

451 wlis msoflio saeklesio

krebam qalkedonSi da romis

pap leonis saRvTismetyvelo

traqtatis (`leonis tomaris~)

safuZvelze SeimuSava dogmati,

romelic WeSmarit moZRvrebad

diofizitobas anu qristes

orbunebianobis sarwmunoebas

aRiarebda. aRniSnul

krebas arc qarTvelebi da arc

somxebi ar daswrebian, radgan

am dros regionSi sparse-

Tis winaaRmdeg ajanyeba daiwyo

da, unda vifiqroT, adgilobrivi

eklesiebis mesveurebma

sazRvargareT gamgzavreba

ver moaxerxes.

Tanamedrove istoriografiaSi

gamyarebulia Semdegi Tvalsazrisi:

sadavo sakiTxze qar-

TvelTa, somexTa da albanTa

eklesiebma Tavidan SedarebiT

neitralur anu Sualedur

mimarTulebas dauWires mxari.

igulisxmeba bizantiis im-

8

}'vh'mksr

perator zenonis mier 482 wels

xelmowerili henotikoni (er-

Tianobis aqti; zenonis henotikoni),

romelic zemoT dasmul

kiTxvebs araarsebiTi da

araaqtualuri problemis kvalifikacias

aZlevda, misi garkvevis

survils mavneblobas

uwodebda da am saganze sajaro

kamaTs krZalavda.

kavkasiis xsenebulma eklesiebma

506 wels qalaq dviniSi

moiwvies kreba, romelzec maT

zenonis henotikonis debulebebi

Seiwynares da, amdenad,

unionaluri (Semrigebluri

da gamaerTianebeli) pozicia

SeimuSaves. Semdeg movlenebi

ise ganviTarda, rom erTianoba

dairRva: romis papma feliqs

I I I -m mkacrad dagmo henotikoni

da mis mimdevrebs eklesiidan

gankveTiT daemuqra.

bizantiis saeklesio ierarqiam

da samefo karma, garkveuli

yoymanis Semdeg, qalkedonis

krebis pozicia (diofizitoba)

aRiara. qarTvelebic maT

mxareze dadgnen. aRmosavle-

Tis eklesiaTa garkveuli nawili,

Sinagani nebiT Tu mazdeanuri

iranis zegavleniT,

antiqalkedonitobas (monofizitobas)

miemxrnen. somxebisa

da albanelebis didma nawilmac

es gza airCia _ uaryo

meoTxe krebis (qalkedonis)

avtoriteti da mxolod wina

sami krebis madlmosileba iwama.

554 wels maT imave dvinSi

meore saeklesio kreba moiwvies

da antiqalkedonuri pozicia

daadastures. am faqtis

Semdeg moZme eklesiebi

dogmatikis sferoSi erTmaneTs

gaemijnen da maT Soris

locviTi Tanaziareba (evqaristiuli

kavSiri) SeCerda.

qalkedoniti somxebi saqar-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


Tvelos eklesiis iurisdiqciaSi

aRmoCndnen, antiqalkedoniti

qarTvelebi ki _ somxeTis

eklesiis iurisdiqciaSi.

Sua saukuneebSi batonobda

tradicia, romlis Tanaxmad

esa Tu is sarwmunoeba im erisa

Tu qveynis saxeliT aRiniSneboda,

romelsac mocemuli

sarwmunoeba (konfesia, denominacia)

istoriuli peripetiebiT

ukavSirdeboda. magaliTad,

Zvelad literaturul

da zepir metyvelebaSi

Cveulebrivi movlena iyo gamoTqmebi:

`berZenTa sarwmunoeba~

anu marTlmadidebloba

(qalkedonitoba) da

berZeni marTlmadidebeli,

qalkedonitis mniSvnelobiT,

`laTinTa sarwmunoeba~ anu

kaTolikoba da laTini (aseve:

frangi) kaTolikes mniSvnelobiT.

aseTive tradicia

damkvidrda kavkasiaSic: qalkedonitebi

qarTvelebad

moixseniebodnen da mogvianebiT

gaqarTveldnen kidec,

antiqalkedonitebi _ somxebad

da isinic gasomxdnen.

da-eklesiebis gayofam (sqizmam)

orive mezobeli eri da

qveyana daazarala. marTalia,

eCmiaZinis sakaTalikosom

liberaluri da rbili kursi

aiRo da arc monofizitobisadmi

erTgulebaSi gamouCenia

mas simtkice da Tanmimdevruloba,

magram im urTierTbraldebebma

da zogjer arakoreqtulma

sityvebma, rac

orive mxridan ismoda, xalxebisa

da qveynebis tradiciul

urTierTobas bzari gau-

Cina; erTi da imave RmerTis

(ieso qristes) madidebeli

erebi erTmaneTs ise veRar

ugebdnen da erTmaneTs imave

TvaliT veRar umzerdnen,

rogoriTac adre; alag-alag

moyvasis damcrobis mankierebamac

iCina Tavi. aRmocenda

problema, rac orive qveynisa

da eklesiis Wirisuflebma

male gaacnobieres da gamosavlis

Zebna daiwyes. amis dasturia

mimowera kirion qarTlis

kaTalikossa da abraam

somexTa kaTalikoss Soris

(VI-VI I ss-is mijna), romelic

somxur enazea Semonaxuli

krebulSi `epistoleTa wigni~

(qarTuli Targmani: epistole-

Ta wigni , 1968). esaa mZafri

polemika, romelSic TiToeuli

mxare erTmaneTs eklesiis

mamaTa gadmocemebisa da

dadgenilebebis darRvevaSi

adanaSaulebs, magram aqve

sagrZnobia orive ierarqis

gulistkivili imis gamo, rac

moxda. moxdeniT ki upirveles

yovlisa is moxda, rom ieso

qristes ukanaskneli locva

da anderZi ar Sesrulda: `ra-

Ta yvela erTi iyos, rogorc

Sen CemSi, mamao, me ki SenSi;

raTa isinic iyvnen CvenSi,

raTa irwmunos sofelma, rom

Sen momavline~ (ioane 17:21).

amis gamo, aRniSnuli epostoleebis

mixedviT, orive polemistis

mizania, rom saerTo

safuZveli gamoinaxos, yurad-

Reba swored imis mimarT iqnes

gamaxvilebuli, rac saerToa,

da ara imis mimarT, rac erTmaneTisagan

gangvasxvavebs da

gvaSorebs. isini aRiareben da

xSirad usvamen xazs imas, rom

maT aerTianebT saerTo winaprebi,

saerTo ganmanaTleblebi,

saerTo wmindanebi, gansakuTrebiT

ki dedofal SuSanikis

mowamebrivi Rvawli; ixseneben

im dros, rodesac qar-

Tvelebi da somxebi erTad,

erTsa da imave taZarSi loculobdnen:

wm. SuSanikma, maga-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

9

solidaroba

liTad, curtavis Sereul samrevloebSi

orenovani (qarTulsomxuri)

wirva-locvis praqtika

daawesao.

aseTi nostalgia eklesiaTa

mesveurebs da polemistebs

hkarnaxobda, rom maT, urTierTbraldebebisa

da damuna-

Tebis garda, gaexsenebinaT

saerTo istoria rogorc er-

Tadyofnis Jami _ ideali da

miswrafebis sagani. `sarwmunoebriv

erTobas da orive Cveni

qveynis maspinZlobas curtavis

eklesia uryevi SeuvalobiT

icavda... siyvaruli,

xorcieli moyvroba da sulieri

ziareba sruldeboda SvebiT

aRsavse sixaruliT. aqedan

mcxeTaSi jvars midiodnen

da mandedan wminda kaTolikes

modiodnen~ (gv. 66), _

ambobs abraami. laparakia momlocvelobaze

somxeTidan

saqarTveloSi da saqarTvelodan

somxeTSi. konfliqtis

simwvavis miuxedavad, kirioni

erTianobis SenarCunebis imeds

ar kargavs da ambobs: Cvenca

da Tqvenc `sarwmunoeba ierusalimisa

gvaqvs da gveqneba~.

amasve swamebs marzpani s(u)mbati,

rodesac wers: `ididos

qriste RmerTi, rogorc winaT

gvaswavles Cven netarma moZ-

Rvrebma da viyaviT sarwmunoebiT

erTni yvelani... rogorc

Cveni mamebi iyvnen. radgan er-

Ti moZRvris mowafe da xvedri

varT, rogorc Cveni mamebi

cxovrobdnen, gvqondes sarwmunoeba

RvTis mimarT da ur-

TierTis siyvaruli~ (gv. 74).

eklesiaTa gayofiT gaCenili

iaris moSuSebis survili IX-X

ss-Si imdenad Zlieri aRmoCnda,

rom orive qveyanaSi am

movlenis gamomwvevi mizezebis


#1(28)

sawinamZRvro jvari.

ostati _ gabriel safareli. breTi (X s.).

saq. erovnuli muzeumi

mecnieruli Seswavla daiwyes.

daiwera gamokvlevebi da traqtatebi

imis gasarkvevad, Tu

romelma eklesiam gadauxvia

WeSmariti moZRvrebisagan;

ris gamo gadauxvia, vin da ra

faqtorma Seasrula am saqme-

Si eSmakis roli da riT SegviZlia

vumkurnaloT avadmyofobas,

romelic gvWirs da

romelmac ZmaTa siyvarulis

samoseli gaxia. am problemas

soliduri gamokvlevebi miuZ-

Rvnes imdroindelma swavlulebma.

eseni arian: qarTvelTa

mxridan, mcxeTis kaTalikosi

arseni (zedwodebiT didi,

safareli), romelsac ekuTvnis

istoriuli da dogmaturpolemikuri

narkvevi `ganyofisaTvis

qarTlisa da somxi-

Tisa~ (ix. e. WeliZis dazustebuli

gamocema), da, somexTa

mxridan, urhaeli (edeseli)

episkoposi uxtanesi, romelmac

dawera analogiuri, amas-

Tanave erTob wyaroTmcodneobiTi,

naSromi `istoria gamoyofisa

qarTvelTa somexTagan~

(Targmna z. aleqsiZem).

orive eklesiis warmomadgenlisa

da apologetis mizani

imaSic mdgomareobs, rom, ro-

Solidarität

LUMEN

samreklo. eCmiaZini (XVII s.)

gorc qarTvelma, ise somexma

mkiTxvelma Semdegi garemoeba

gaiTvaliswinos: mezobel eklesiebs

Soris urTierTobis

gamwvavebasa da ganxeTqileba-

Si pasuxismgebloba akisria

ara xalxs, erebs da qveynebs,

aramed istoriis konkretul

monakveTSi Seqmnil politikur

garemos, romlis inspiratori

gareSe Zalaa. mcxeTis

episkoposi, rodesac eklesiaTa

gayofis mizezebze laparakobs,

gulistkivils ver malavs

imis gamo, rom verc bizantiam

da verc sxva qveyanam

(igulisxmeba: saqarTvelomac)

ver daicves marTlmorwmune

somexTa eri da saxelmwifo

iranis TviTmpyrobeli Sahis

agresiisagan. agresorma maT

ultimatumi wauyena: an gane-

SoreT `berZenTa sarwmunoebas~,

an monobis usastikes

uRels SeegueTo. somxeTis

saero da saeklesio zedafenam,

Tanamedrove eniTGrom

vTqvaT, konformistuli gadawyvetileba

miiRo da aRmosavlel

mbrZanebelTa winaSe

qedi moidrika, rac qalkedonis

krebis madlmosilebis uaryofaSi

gamoixata. ase fiqrobs

10

}'vh'mksr

IX s-is qarTveli istorikosi.

CvenTvis aq arsebiTia ara imis

garkveva, ramdenad obieqturi

da safuZvliania es xedva,

aramed imis aRniSvna qarTveli

sasuliero pirisagan, rom

patiosani somexi eri udana-

Sauloa maTsa da qrTvelebs

Soris maxinji kedlis aRmar-

TvaSi. es intrigis kedelia,

romelic mesame Zalam saku-

Tari politikuri interesebis

Sesabamisad aRmarTa. amave

poziciaze dgas uxtanesic,

romelic momxdarSi qarTlis

mRvdelmTavarsa da bizantiis

xelisuflebas adanaSaulebs

da ara qarTvelTa ersa da

saqarTvelos.

aRniSnuli kedlisa Tu jebiris

moSlis sakiTxi saqarTvelos

politikuri elitis winaSe

axali SemarTebiT XI s-Si

daisva. esaa epoqa, rodesac

afxazTa da qarTvelTa samefo

kavkasiis xalxTa konsolidaciis

ideiT gamovida da

erTiani saxelmwifos farglebSi

mezobeli qveynebis SemoerTeba

daiwyo. Cans, am saqmis

Taosani mefe daviT aRma-

Senebeli ara Zaladobis, aramed

Tavisuflebisa da nebayoflobiTobis

principiT xelmZRvanelobda.

mas surda, daerwmunebina

kavkasiis mkvidrni,

rom maTi politikuri er-

Tianobis idea istoriis siRrmidan

modis. es martivi amocana

ar iyo. da ai, vxedavT,

rom mefe aRmaSeneblis gverdiT

eklesiis ara erTi da ori

warmomadgeneli dgas, _ aR-

Wurvili codniT da moqalaqeobrivi

SegnebiT. aseTia ruisis

episkoposi leonti, romlis

koncefcias ukve SevexeT.

mas SemTxveviT ar gaumaxvilebia

yuradReba imis Taoba-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


ze, rom somxebs kavkasiis

istoriisa da kulturis wina-

Se gansakuTrebuli damsaxureba

miuZRviT da rom aRmSeneblobiT

process isini mudam

qarTvelebTan erTad warmarTavdnen.

Tuki am erebs

Tanacxovrebis aseTi didi da

mdidari tradicia aqvT, ra

uSliT xels, rom es tradicia

gaagrZelon? Tuki orive

mxridan keTili neba iarsebebs,

is kedelic gadailaxeba,

romelic konfesiis safuZvelze

aRmocenda.

eWvi araa, maSin aseTi kiTxva

daismeboda: ra sisqisa da simaRlisaa

es kedeli? ramdenad

Zlieri da Seuvalia is ganmasxvavebeli

niSani, romelic

erTi da imave qristes saxeliT

naTelRebul erebs erTmaneTisagan

aucxovebs? dogmatebi,

romlebic erTs meorisagan

da meores pirvelisagan

aSorebs, Zmobisa da siyvarulis

gzasac unda amrudebdes?

daviT aRmaSenebeli da

samefo kari liberalur

poziciaze idgnen da `somexTa

sarwmunoebas~ qveynisa da sazogadoebisaTvis

saziano movlenad

ar aRiqvamdnen. amas is

faqtic adasturebs, rom wm.

mefem saqarTveloSi somexTa

didi nakadi Semoiyvana da maT

eklesiebi aaSenebina. leonti

mrovelic liberaluri eklesiologiis

mimdevrad warmogvidgeba.

`somexTa sarwmunoeba~

misTvis an ar warmoadgens

eress, anda mas miaCnia, rom

eresi ar aris im rangis movlena,

romelmac politikuri

da kulturuli Tanaarsebobis

gzaze unda dagvabrkolos.

amitomaa, rom igi, marTlmadidebeli

mRvdelmTavari, ar

amaxvilebs yuradRebas sarw-

munoebriv barierze, romelic

qarTvelTa da somexTa

Soris arsebobs.

amasTanave: Teoriulad dasaSvebia

da literaturuli wyaroebiTac

dasturdeba, rom

aRniSnul liberalizms orive

mxridan fanatikos-fundamentalistebi

da rigoristebi

daupirispirdnen. isini erTmaneTs

mourideblad da haiharad

eretikosebsa da mwvaleblebs

eZaxdnen. amis dasturia

radikaluri Sinaarsis

ramdenime dokumenti, romlebic

berZnulidan qarTulad

amave periodSi unda eTargmnaT:

`uwyeba petros mkawrvelisaTvis

da alajorisaTvis

da alajorTa marxvisa~, `uwyeba

subalisZis sufsarqisisaTvis~

da `Targmaneba somex-

Ta wualebaTaTvis, Tu romliTa

SeiCvenebian somexni~. analogiuri

(oRond antiqalkedonuri)

teqstebi somxebsac

SeudgeniaT. ruis-urbnisis

saeklesio krebam (1105 w.), magaliTad,

im antiqalkedoniti

somxebis sruli naTlisReba

ganaCina, romlebic qalkedonitTa

eklesiasTan SeerTebas

moisurvebdnen (kanoni 15). ma-

Sasadame, am krebam somxur anu,

misiv kvalifikaciiT, erTbunebianTa

eklesiaSi Sesrulebuli

wesi baTilad gamoacxada,

Tumca rjulis kanoni am

sakiTxze sxva miTiTebebs Seicavs.

magaliTad SegviZlia

davasaxeloT VI msoflio saeklesio

krebis (trulis) 95-e

kanoni, romlis Tanaxmad mwvalebelTa

garkveul jgufs,

kerZod, monofizitebs, Tuki

marTlmadideblad gaxdoma

undaT, mxolod xelwerilis

dadeba da yvela wvalebis, am

SemTxvevaSi, evtiqis, diosko-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

11

solidaroba

resa da severozis, e. i. maTi

eresiarqebis, SeCveneba evalebaT

da ara axali naTlisReba.

savaraudoa, rom ruis-urbnisis

krebis aRniSnuli kanoni

daviT aRmaSeneblisa da

leonti mrovelis ideologiis

mowinaaRmdegeTa zegavleniT

Camoyalibda.

aseT ganwyobilebaTa arsebobis

miuxedavad, Teologiuri

da kulturul-SemoqmedebiTi

kontaqtebi erTi wuTiTac ar

Sewyvetila. qarTveli mwerlebi

didad afasebdnen saRv-

To werilisa da eklesiis mamaTa

memkvidreobis somxurenovan

Targmanebs da am TargmanebiT

isini xSirad soxeTis

eklesiasTan evqaristiuli

urTierTobis gawyvetis merec

sargeblobdnen. amis saukeTeso

nimuSia qarTul enaze Teologiuri

traqtatebis uZvelesi

sqeltaniani wigni `Satberdis

krebuli~ (X s.).

krebebi da paeqrobebi

xelisufleba amCnevda, rom

qveynis erTianobasa da mTlianobas

religia seriozul safrTxes

uqmnida. am niadagze da-

Zabulobis ganmuxtvis imediT

man XI-XI I ss-Si ramdenime sajaro

paeqroba moawyo. maTgan

dokumenturad samia cnobili.

pirveli paeqroba (sityvisgeba)

bagrat meoTxis dros

(1027-1072) RrtilaSi (artanujSi)

Sedga. aq erTmaneTs

daupirispirdnen ierusalimidan

Camosuli beri eqvTime

da somexi moZRvari sosTeni.

qarTuli wyaros mixedviT

(somxuri cnobili ar aris), eqvTimem

samoZRvro-sapaeqro


#1(28)

saxelmZRvaneloebis (somxurad

patimoTinebis) iseTi codna

gamoamJRavna, rom mowinaaRmdegem

kamaTi veRar gaagrZela

da marcxi aRiara (bolo gamocema:

literaturuli Ziebani,

Tb., 1983).

meore kreba daviT aRmaSeneblis

dros Sedga (q. cx. I: gv.

356-357). iniciatori, `cxovreba

mefeT-mefisa daviTisis~

mixedviT, somxebi yofilan, ukmayofiloni

imis gamo, rom

qarTvelebi maT eretikosebs

da mwvaleblebs eZaxdnen. amave

wyaros somxur TargmanSi

ki vkiTxulobT, es mefem Tvi-

Ton moindomao. asea Tu ise,

rogorc dedani, ise Targmani

cxadyofs, rom paeqroba dilidan

daRamebamde gagrZelebula.

imis muxedavad, rom masSi

monawileoba ganTqmulma qar-

Tvelma RvTismetyvelma arsen

iyalToelma miiRo, damajerebeli

argumentebi verc

erTma mxarem ver moitana. mematianis

TqmiT, `iyo orker-

Zove Zlevis moyvareba da cud

sityvaTa paeqroba: rameTu Sevidian

SeuvalTa saqmeTa da

Zniad gamosavalTa, romeli

ese Seewyina mefesa da Tqva:

Tqven, Zmano, siRrmesa same Sesul

xarT da ucnaurTa xedvaTa,

viTarca filosofosni,

da Cven vera-ras uZlebT cnobad,

viTarca uswavlelni da

yovlad msoflioni...~. qar-

Tul dedanSi naTqvamia, rom

daviT aRmaSenebelma, sakuTari

Tavis aserigad damcrobis

miuxedavad, STagonebuli sityva

warmoTqva da qalkedonit-

Ta pozicia gaamagra. somxur

TargmanSi es detali ar gvxvdeba,

samagierod iq naTqvamia:

mefem `TviT martivi da cxadi

sityviT daawynara orive mxa-

Solidarität

LUMEN

re da gauSva kreba~ (qarTlis

cxovreba 1953: gv. 254-255).

dapirispirebam gacilebiT

mwvave xasiaTi im krebaze mii-

Ro, romelic Tamaris dros

gaimarTa (q. cx. I I : gv. 82-90).

sababad qceula uTanxmoeba

saqarTvelos antiqalkedonit

amirspasalar zaqaria mxargrZelsa

da qalkedonit kaTalikos

ioanes Soris. es paeqrobac

Sebindebamde gagrZelda,

daskvnis gamotana ki mainc

SeuZlebeli gaxda. maSin qarTlis

kaTalikosma wamoayena

winadadeba, romlis Tanaxmad

ziarebiseuli puris naWrebi

(sefiskverebi) sami dRis na-

SimSileb ZaRlebisaTvis unda

miecaT. romeli eklesiis pursac

ZaRli pirs daakarebda,

im eklesiis ziareba Zalamoklebulad

gamocxaddeboda. es

iniciativa mefe-dedofals ar

moewonaT, magram Cans, polemistebi

da maTi Tanamdgomni

iseT eqstazSi iyvnen Sesulni,

rom maT winaSe Zlevamosili

xelmwifenic ki `uRonoebaman

moicuna~ da kaTalikoss mxolod

es uTxres: `ra ese sTqvi,

sasmeneladac zaria!~. gamocdaSi

qarTvelebma gaimarjves:

maT purs ZaRlma piri ar daakara,

somxebisas _ ki. Tuki

mTxrobelis teqsts guldasmiT

wavikiTxavT, SevniSnavT,

rom dedofali Tamari gamocdis

process ar daeswro, _ albaT

protestis niSnad. mefe

daviT soslani (asea is saxeldebuli

wyaroSi) daeswro, magram

mkiTxveli grZnobs, rom

mis guls am dros mwuxareba

daufleboda. eWvi araa, mefededofals,

qveyanSi mSvidobisa

da stabilurobis garantT,

kargad ar eniSnebodaT

is, rac `saswauls~ Sedegad

12

}'vh'mksr

mohyva: somxebis nawilis gadanaTvla,

maT Soris, zaqarias

Zmis, msaxurTuxuces ivanesi.

`saswauls~, rogorc wesi, yvela

erTnairad ar acnobierebs.

savaraudoa, rom amis gamo

qveynis umaRles moxeleebs _

amirspasalar zaqariasa da

msaxurTuxuces ivanes _ Soris

uTanxmoebam daisadgura. mTavrobas

aranakleb daafiqrebda

is garemoeba, rom kaTalikos

ioanes `saswauli~ erTi da

imave saxelmwifos ori eklesiis

urTierTobas veranairad

ver waadgeboda. es ki sxvadasxva

sarwmunoebis moqalaqeTa

Tanacxovrebas da, amdenad,

qveynis politikur interesebs

daazaralebda.

Znelbedobis Jami

mefeTmefe Tamaris gardacvalebis

Semdeg saqarTvelos

oqros xana damTavrda. gareSe

Tu Sinauri faqtorebis gamo

qveyana umZimesma politikurma,

ekonomikurma da sulierma

krizisma moicva. erTiani samefo

daiSala. somxuri samociqulo

eklesiis saepiskoposo

kaTedrebi qarTlis samefos

sazRvrebs gareT aRmoCnda,

magram aRmosavleT saqarTvelos

regionebSi mainc didi

somxuri diaspora moqmedebda

da Tbilisi somxuri kulturis

Zlier kerad rCeboda.

ra viTarebaa am dros Cveni

Temis TvalsazrisiT? gvrCeba

STabeWdileba, rom gaWirvebam

sxvadasxva konfesiis adamianebi

kidev ufro daaaxlova,

rac aramarto yofiT urTierTobebSi

gamoixata, aramed

_ TanalocvaSic. amis sauke-

Teso magaliTia berTa qalaqi

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


gareji, romelSic ara erTi

da ori Zveli somxuri kedlis

warweraa dadasturebuli. isini

Sesrulebulia somexi momlocvelebisagan,

romlebic

TiTqos imave nostalgiiT

iyvnen Sepyrobilni, rogori-

Tac kaTalikosi abraami, romelic

saqarTveloSi siwminde-

Ta mosalocad siaruls netarebiT

ixsenebda.

mkvlevarTa gansakuTrebul

interess imsaxurebs garejis

udabnos monastris kedelze

erTi da imave xeliT 1467 wels

amokawruli sami qarTuli da

ori somxuri warwera. erT-er-

Ti qarTuli warwera ase iSifreba:

`q. me, codvili iovane

xucesi, moqalaqe somexTa, ve-

Toma mociqulis darwmuneba. zatiki (XII s.)

Rirse wmida daviTis saflavs.

vinc erTi piri Sendoba brZanoT,

misiTa madliTa cxondebiT...~

daaxloebiT aseTive

Sinaarsisaa somxuri warwerebic,

romelSic iovanes Sesatyvisia

hovanes. bunebrivad

daismis kiTxva iovane-hovanes

aRmsareblobis Sesaxeb. bolo

xans gairkva, rom is somxuri

samociqulo eklesiis Svilia.

Temo jojuas gamokvleviT, es

is xucesi hovanesia, romelic

XV s-is Sua wlebSi Tbilisis

erT-erT somxur eklesiaSi

msaxurobs; aris SesaniSnavi

kaligrafi da mwignobari. Cvenamde

eqvsma mis mier gadawerilma

somxurma xelnawerma

moaRwia anderZebiTurT

(jojua 2001: gv. 154-155).

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

13

solidaroba

Cven winaSe aseTi suraTi ixateba:

somxuri eklesiis msaxuri

1467 wels midis marTlmadidebelTa

monasterSi da iq,

taZarSi, locvebs aRavlens.

faqtia isic, rom es pirovneba

Rrmadaa integrirebuli

qarTul sinamdvileSi: orenovani

mwerali da saqarTvelos

Wirisufalia, raSic mis

mier saqarTvelos mefe goirgis

didebiT xseneba gvarwmunebs.

igulisxmeba giorgi VIII,

romelic qarTlis taxts 1446-

1466 ww-Si ganagebda. mis politikas

interkonfesiuri saqmianoba

axasiaTebda. man evropaSi

elCoba gagzavna da romis

paps eklesiaTa daaxloebis

survili gauziara. eWvi araa,

igi somxuri da qarTuli ek-

ana da mariamis Sexvedra. oTxTavi.

somxuri miniatura (XVII s.).

saq. xelnawerTa erovnuli centri


#1(28)

lesiebis daaxloebisTvisac

iRvwoda. mis pozicias, rogorc

Cans, daviT garejis

bermonazvnobac iziarebda da

maT savaneSi somxebs misvlis

uflebac hqondaT da samadlobel-savedrebelilocvebis

kedelze amokveTisac.

TanamSromlobisa da Tanalocvis

praqtika XVI I -XVIII ss-

Si kidev ufro gaZlierda. imdroindeli

qarTveli mefeebi,

gansakuTrebiT erekle I I ,

dainteresebulni iyvnen somxebis

SemosaxlebiT da maT Se-

RavaTebsac uwesebdnen. saqar-

Tvelos marTlmadidebeli

ierarqiac saero xelisuflebis

gverdiT dadga da, Tanamedrove

sityvebiT rom vTqvaT,

interkonfesiuri da ekumenuri

pozicia gamoavlina.

gacxovelda qarTvel-somexTa

TanamSromloba Teologiis,

mecnierebisa da literaturis

ganxriT. ori mezobeli xalxis

warmomadgenlebi erTmaneTis

enebs swavlobdnen da intensiur

mTargmnelobiT saqmianobas

eweodnen. aseTi TanamSromlobis

sailustraciod

uamravi masala mogvepoveba.

mecnieruli TvalsazrisiT

yvelaze mniSvnelovan movlenad

zurab SanSovanis qarTuli

enis gramatika warmogvidgeba.

esaa qarTulad dawerili

pirveli gramatika qarTuli

enisa, romelic avtors, rogorc

Tavad aRniSnavs, 1737 wels

vaxtang VI-is brZanebisamer da

RvTis sadideblad Seudgenia.

1755 wels, kaTalikos antonis

RvawliT, TbilisSi gaixsna

sasuliero seminaria, romlis

reqtorad somxuri eklesiis

mRvdeli filipe yaiTmazaSvili

dainiSna. is imdenad ganaTlebuli

pirovneba yofila, rom

Solidarität

LUMEN

imdroindeli swavlulebi mas

doqtorad moixsenieben, rac

qarTul sinamdvileSi pirveli

SemTxvevaa. man aRzarda mTeli

pleada qarTvel moRvaweTa,

romelTagan disiTeoz nekreselisa

da anton cagerel-Wyondidelis

dasaxelebac sakmarisia.

maRali erudiciiTa da

ekumenuri suliskveTebiT

gamoirCeoda qarTl-kaxeTSi

mcxovreb somexTa episkoposi

avetiqi. ai, ras ambobs mdivanbegi

ioane orbeliani mis Sesaxeb:

`movida samefod saqar-

Tveloisad, qalaqad tfilisad,

somexTa kaTolikosisa

mier episkoposad da ebgurad

warmovlenili saqarTvelosa

Sina myofTa somexTa zeda yovlad

brZeni avetiq episkoposi...

kaci friadi saqoi da ganswavluli

xedviTisa da saqmi-

Tisa mecnierebiTa~. aRsaniSnavia

masTan kaTalikos-patriarq

anton I-is TanamSromloba

da is faqti, rom mis leqciebs

qarTveli marTlmadideblebic

didi interesiT ismendnen

(kekeliZe: gv. 364-365).

es suliskveTeba da urTier-

Toba ruseTis koloniuri re-

Jimis pirobebSi gaRrmavda.

qarTvelebsa da somxebs Soris

sarwmunoebis niadagze warmoqmnil

problemebs saqarTvelos

axali istoria ar icnobs.

piriqiT! vxedavT (gansakuTrebiT

presaSi), rom am

dros qarTvelebi da somxebi

yvelaze ukeT swored aRmsareblobis

sferoSi ugeben er-

TmaneTs; aqvT saerTo salocavebi

da erTadac loculoben.

gvaxsendeba didi sazogado

moRvawisa da publicistis

niko nikolaZis mogonebani,

romelSic, sxvaTa Soris, saubaria

imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogo-

14

}'vh'mksr

ri tolerantoba da sulieri

harmonia sufevda quTaisSi.

avadmyofi babuaCemi, makurnebel

Zalas rom ziareboda,

mamidaCemma quTaisidan qarTlSi

gadmoiyvana, raTa cxinvalsa

da gorSi mogveloca da

kidec moviloceT marTlmadidebluri

da somxuri eklesiebio;

mamaCemi da misi kolegebi,

quTaiseli somexi da kaTolike

vaWrebi (iakob nikolaZe,

petre mRebrovi da gabriel

endronikaSvili), mogzaurobaSi

gasvlis win erT saxlSi

naTesavebTan erTad ikribebodnen,

moiyvandnen dekanozs,

terterasa da patrs da paraklisebs

ixdidneno (nikolaZe:

gv. 25).

`raTa swrafiTa da

RuawliTa CueniTa

aRdgenil iqmnes

erTobai Cuendami

rwmunebulTa erTai~

_ es uwmidesisa da unetaresis

saqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarq

kirion meoris sityvebia

epistoledan, romelic man

1917 wlis 14 noembers yovel-

Ta somexTa umaRles patriarqsa

da uwmides kaTalikoss gaugzavna

(`sveticxoveli~, 1917,

# 4). saqarTvelos axalaRsaydrebulma

mwyemsmTavarma

qristesmieri siyvaruliT

moikiTxa `haikanis RmrTivmo-

SiSi eri~ da misi eklesiis

saWeTmpyrobeli. aRniSna, rom

saqarTvelos eklesiam ganaaxla

avtokefalia da am eklesias

moZme somexi eris eklesiasTan

Zmuri urTierTobis

ganaxleba surs: radgan am ur-

TTierTobas Zveli da myari

tradicia aqvs, misi ganaxleba

WeSmaritad Rirs ars.

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


`Zmuri naTesaobai qarTlosian-haosianTai,

mslvelobasa

saukuneTasa ganmtkicebuli,

ganbrwyinvebul iqmna embazsa

Sina ierusaleimis qristianobisasa

da Zmani ese axovanni

uxvad hfendes kedarTa aRmosavlisaTa

SaravandTa RmrTivmecnierebisa

da keTilmsaxurebisaTa.

garna manqanebiTa kacTmoZulisa

eSmakisaiTa daiTesa Cven

Soris RuarZli sarwmunoebi-

Ti lalvisai da dasawyissa meSvidisa

saukunisasa iqmna ganwualebai

erTmorwmuneTa Zma-

Tai. ganwualebaman Cvenman

warmoSva dakninebai Cveni, xolo

dakninebiTa amiTa mterman

sastikman ganamtkica qedsa

zeda Cvensa saydari batonobisa

Tvisisai.

aRsruli saydarsa uwmidesTa

CemTa winamoadgileTa, mogikiTxav

uwmideso meufeo da

vlocav ufalsa, raTa swrafi-

Ta da RuawliTa CueniTa aRdgenil

iqmnes erTobai Cuendami

rwmunebulTa erTai; er-

Tobasa vityvi ara sarwmunoebriv-doRmatikursa,

aramed

moqalaqeobriv-ganmanaTleblobiTsa,

raTa damyardes

Cven Soris Zmobai da urTier-

Tas gulisxmisyofai da raTa

samSoblosa Sina Cuensa gansaxierdes

sasufeveli RmrTisai~.

gamoyenebuli literatura

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

15

solidaroba

1. a. abdalaZe, `qarTlis cxovreba~ da saqarTvelo-somxeTis urTierToba

(uZvelesi droidan XI I saukunis dasawyisamde), Tb., 1982.

2. arseni mcxeTeli kaTalikozi, ganyofisaTvis qarTlisa da somxiTisa.

spekali sarwmunoebisa, gamosacemad moamzada da sqolioebi daurTo

ediSer WeliZem, Tb., 2007.

3. epistoleTa wigni, somxuri teqsti qarTuli TargmaniT, gamokvleviTa da

komentarebiT gamosca z. aleqsiZem, Tb., 1968.

4. k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTuli literaturis istoria, t. 1, Tb. 1980.

5. v. s. nalbandiani, Tbilisi Zvel somxur mwerlobaSi uZvelesi droidan

XVI I I saukunis bolomde, somxuridan Targmnes

n. janaSiam da e. cagareiSvilma, Tb., 1959.

6. n. nikolaZe, mogonebebi, Tb., 1984.

7. uxtanesi, istoria gamoyofisa qarTvelTa somexTagan, somxuri teqsti

qarTuli TargmaniTa da gamokvleviT gamosca z. aleqsiZem, Tb., 1975.

8. qarTlis cxovreba, teqsti dadgenili yvela ZiriTadi xelnaweris

mixedviT s. yauxCiSvilis mier, t. 1, Tb., 1955; t. 2, Tb., 1959.

9. qarTlis cxovrebis Zveli somxuri Targmani, qarTuli teqsti da Zveli

somxuri Targmani gamokvleviTa da leqsikoniT, gamosca i. abulaZem, Tb.,

1953.

10. Zveli qarTuli saeklesio literatura, Zeglebi Targmna, gamosacemad

moamzada da sqolioebi daurTo ediSer WeliZem, Tb., 2005.

11. T. jojua, garejis udabnos monastris 1467 wlis qarTuli da somxuri

warwerebis avtoris identifikaciisaTvis. ANALECTA IBERICA.istoriis,

religiisa da kulturis sakiTxebi, 2001, #1.


#1(28)

Solidarität

mrgvali magida

religiuri

umciresobebi

- darRveuli balansi

dRes ufro meti da meti adamiani svams SekiTxvas, xom ar

gaCnda Cvens qveyanaSi Teokratiis niSnebi? erT-erTi

mniSvnelovani sfero, romelSic yvelaze naTlad Cans

qveynis demokratiuli saxe, Rirebulebebis veqtori da

ganviTarebis perspeqtivebi, religiis Tavisuflebis

dacva da religiuri umciresobebis warmomadgenlebisadmi

damokidebulebaa. vnaxoT, ras fiqroben Tavad isini

saqarTveloSi am mxriv arsebuli realobis Sesaxeb.

diskusiaSi monawileoben: mRvdeli gabriele bragantini

(kaTolike eklesia), mixeil avaqiani (somxuri samociqulo

wminda eklesiis saqarTvelos eparqiis episkoposis

TanaSemwe), zaal tyeSelaSvili (evangelisturi eklesiis

pastori), tariel nakaiZe (aWaris muslimTa samufTo

sammarTvelos warmomadgeneli) da sergo namoraZe

(meSvide dRis qristian adventistTa eklesia).

nino cincaZe: 2004

wlamde saqarTvelo

erT-erTi gamorCeuli

qveyana iyo religiuri

umciresobebisadmi

damokidebulebis

TvalsazrisiT: xSiri

iyo religiuri jgufebis

Seviwroveba,

pirdapiri devna, fizikuri

Seuracxyofa

da a.S. Tu arsebobs

ukeTesobisken cvlilebis

tendenciebi da

Tu SeiZleba, am SemTxvevaSi,

mxolod uke-

16

}'vh'mksr

Tesobisken cvlilebebis

aRweriT SemovifargloT.

sergo namoraZe: albaT ukve

dadga dro, rodesac mdgomareoba

2004 wels aRar unda

SevadaroT. ar aris kargi, rodesac

cuds uaress vadarebT.

ra Tqma unda, aSkara devna im

formebiT, rac 2004 wlamde

iyo, aRar aris, magram Cemi

piradi dakvirvebiT, raSic,

vfiqrob, sxvebic dameTanxmebian,

sazogadoebaSi Seiqmna

klimati, romlis daxasiaTebac

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


aseTi sityvebiT SeiZleba:

`Cven iZulebulebi varT saxelmwifo

politikis gamo

gaRiaroT, magram Tqven Tqveni

adgili unda icodeT~. es

adgili ki xarisxobrivad imis

toli ar aris, rasac saqarTveloSi

marTlmadidebeli

qristiani daiWerda. erT-er-

Tma cnobilma sazogado moRvawem

Tqva: dRes, samwuxarod,

marTlmadidebloba iqca partiul

bileTad, romelic aucileblad

unda gqondes. yvelgan,

sadac midixar, am damokidebulebas

grZnob _ Tu ar

xar marTlmadidebeli, es

samarcxvinoa.

tariel nakaiZe: Temas ganvavrcobdi

aWaris da aWaridan

wasuli ekomigrantebis, qar-

Tveli muslimebis, magaliTiT.

maT seriozuli problemebi

aqvT. 2004 wlis Semdeg bevri

ram, marTalia, Seicvala, magram

es ar aris mniSvnelovani

cvlilebebi dadebiTisken,

radganac sazogadoebaSi Camoyalibebulia

azri, rom saqarTvelo

mxolod qristianTa

qveyanaa. Cvens zogierT mimdevars

gaorebuli adamianis

saxe Camouyalibda _ Tu Tanamdeboba

ukavia, samsaxurSi

iqceva ise, rogorc qristiani,

magram saxlSi im wesebs asrulebs,

rasac islami avaldebulebs.

samwuxarod, aseTi

situaciaa skolebSic. aWaris

gareT, ekomigrantebTan, 2004

wlis Semdeg Zaladobis seriozuli

faqtebi gamovlinda _

soflebSi SeWra da mosaxleobis

darbeva marTlmadidebeli

morwmuneebis mier, meCe-

Tis dangreva da a.S.

pirveli amgvari faqti 2007

wlis seqtemberSi moxda, adi-

genis raionis sofel flate-

Si, sadac meCeTi daangries.

gasuli wlis oqtomberSi adigenis

raionis sofel WalaSi

aigo meCeTi, sofelSi avidnen

marTlmadidebeli sasuliero

pirebi da daiwyes saubari _

Tqven ar xarT qarTvelebi, es

miwa ar aris Tqveni da rogor

aSenebT aq meCeTs da a.S. soflis

mcxovreblebma miyenebul

Seuracxyofas ar upasuxes,

piriqiT _ ganacxades, rom maT

ar surdaT raime problemebis

Seqmna, radgan aWaridan adigenSi

Casaxlebuli ojaxebi

isedac diskomforts grZnoben.

amis miuxedavad, 20 dRis

Semdeg 130 SezarxoSebuli

adamiani avida sofelSi nikolozobis

dRes, aginebdnen da

Seuracxyofas ayenebdnen sofelSi

mcxovreb muslimebs.

ai, aseTi faqtebi xdeba aWaris

gareT, xolo aWaris SigniT

dapirispirebis sxva formebia.

gabriele bragantini

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

17

solidaroba

zaal tyeSelaSvili: 2004 wlis

Semdeg Cven cvlilebebis Zalian

didi imedi gvqonda,

vfiqrobdiT, rom qveyanaSi am

kuTxiT aucileblad iqneboda

progresi. ramdenime kviris

win protestantuli eklesiis

pastorebis Tavyrilobaze sakiTxi

ase daisva _ 2004 wlamde

arsebuli mdgomareoba jobda

Tu amJamindeli? azri orad

gaiyo. rodesac Cven vambobT,

rom aris Tavisufleba da

progresi, es fardobiTia.

2004 wlamde iyo devna da Seviwroveba

da rac xdeboda, yvelasTvis

cnobili iyo, vicodiT,

rasTan gvqonda saqme.

dRes ki sxvagvari, dafaruli,

Cumi da kargad dagegmili Sez-

Rudvebi moqmedebs, rasac ufro

cudi Sedegebi moaqvs, vidre

imas mohqonda, rac 2004

wlamde iyo. SeiZleba vTqvaT,

rom raRac mimarTulebiT dadebiTad

Seicvala viTareba,


#1(28)

magram negatiuri cvlilebebi

gacilebiT Warbobs pozitiur

cvlilebebs. Seuwynareblobis

gamomxatveli movlenebi, romelic

masmediis saSualebiT

Tu sxva xerxebiT sazogadoebaSi

gavrcelda, ukve nayofs

iZleva _ dRes rom sazogadoebas

Tavisi agresiis gamovlinebis

SesaZlebloba mieces,

es talRa ufro Zlieri iqneba,

vidre 2004 wlamde iyo. sazogadoeba

Sinaganad ar Secvlila,

ubralod, aris raRac

berketebi, romelTa gamoyenebiT

sazogadoebis garkveul

CarCoSi moqceva xerxdeba.

vfiqrob, dRes Zalian rTuli

situaciaa, Cven Zalian SezRudulebi

varT da ar gvaZleven

imis saSualebas, rom CvenTvis

moniSnul sazRvrebs gavcdeT.

am sazRvrebs egueba sazogadoeba

da unda SeveguoT Cvenc,

Tumca es is sazRvrebia, is

CarCoa, romelsac eklesiac

da sazogadoebac daWaobebisa

da ganuviTareblobisken mihyavs.

amdenad, es mdgomareoba

arafriT ar Seesabameba progress.

gansxvavebuli religiebi

ugulvelyofilni arian.

Cven ar gvakmayofilebs dawesebul

sazRvrebSi yofna, rac

xels uSlis sazogadoebasTan

Cvens integracias.

mixeil avaqiani: Cveni eklesiis

wevrebis devna ar xdeba,

albaT imis gamo, rom ukve

mravali saukunea varsebobT

da tradiciul konfesias

warmovadgenT, Tumca problemebi

Zalian bevri gvaqvs.

upirvelesia iuridiuli

statusis uqonloba.

Solidarität

nino cincaZe: Tqvenma

eklesiam igrZno rame

mrgvali magida

gansxvaveba saxelmwifosa

da sazogadoebis

mxridan damokidebulebis

TvalsazrisiT

2004 wlis Semdeg?

mixeil avaqiani: sazogadoebis

damokidebulebis SefasebiT

analizs ver movaxden, magram

presaSi rom antisomxuri isteriaa,

es realobaa. yviTeli,

bulvaruli presis garda sakmaod

avtoritetuli JurnalgazeTebic

beWdaven antisomxur

statiebs. es faqtia. simarTle

giTxraT, 2004 wlis

Semdeg sul imis molodinSi

varT, rom marTebulad gadawydeba

da gasabWoebis period-

Si CamorTmeuli eklesiebis

statusis sakiTxi.

gabriele bragantini: Cvens

mrevls vardebis revoluciis

Semdeg imedi hqonda, rom mTavroba

axal kurss daadgeboda,

magram aRmoCnda, rom isev is

mdgomareoba grZeldeba, rac

adre iyo. saxelmwifos mxriv

sruliad ignorirebulebi

varT. SeiZleba zogierT qalaqSi

axla ukeTesi situaciaa,

magram es xdeba piradi ur-

TierTobebis da ara saxelmwifos

nebis gamovlinebis gamo.

kaTolikuri eklesiis mrevli,

magaliTad, gorSi, ambobs, rom

isini mudmivad idevnebian, ara

ise, rogorc adre, magram maT

moRalateebad Tvlian, radgan

marTlmadideblebi ar arian.

lozungi _ Tu xar qarTveli,

unda iyo marTlmadidebeli,

dRes ufro gaZlierda. ar arsebobs

Tavisufali garemo, rom

bavSvebi mainc gaizardnon Tavisuflad.

vfiqrob 10 wlis

Semdeg ufro mZime viTareba iqneba,

mdgomareoba ukeTesobisken

namdvilad ar icvleba.

18

}'vh'mksr

nino cincaZe: gadavideT

samarTlebriv

sakiTxebze. vardebis

revoluciis Semdeg

religiur umciresobebs,

sazogadoebrivi

organizaciebis msgavsad,

SeuZliaT registracia

gaiaron da

arasamewarmeo arakomerciuli

iuridiuli

piris statusi moipovon.

zogierTi eklesiisTvis

aseTi registracia

miuRebeli aRmoCnda.

visaubroT

marTlmadidebel eklesiasTangaformebul

konstituciur

SeTanxmebazec. eqmnebaT

Tu ara problemebi

religiur umciresobebs

qveyanaSi arsebuli

samarTlebrivi

mouwesrigeblobis

gamo?

mixeil avaqiani: Cveni eklesiisTvis

miuRebelia kerZo

samarTlis iuridiuli piris

statusi mravalsaukunovani

istoriisa da mrevlis raodenobis

gamo. iuridiuli statusis

uqonloba bevr problemebs

gviqmnis. mraval qveyanaSi,

Tundac italiis magaliTi

rom moviyvanoT, saxelmwifosa

da religiur konfesiebs

Soris individualuri

xelSekrulebaa dadebuli, sadac

orive mxaris poziciebia

dafiqsirebuli. kargi iqneboda,

sanam es problemuri iuridiuli

sakiTxi gadawydeboda,

msgavsi xelSekrulebebi mainc

gaformebuliyo. saxelmwifos

warmomadgenlebTan Sexvedrebisas

Cven yovelTvis vafiqsirebT

pozicias am sakiTxebze.

samarTlebrivi statu-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


sis uqonlobis gamo sasamar-

TloSi ver gamoxval mxared

da pozicias ver gamoxatav.

axla rac Seexeba istoriuli

materialuri memkvidreobis

dabrunebis sakiTxs (ar vsaubrob

im Zeglebze, romlebic

axla moqmedeben rogorc qar-

Tuli marTlmadidebluri

taZrebi, aseTi mravalia TbilisSic,

vsaubrob umoqmedo da

saxelmwifos balansze arsebul

taZrebze, romelSic adre gaxsnili

iyo kinoTeatri, saxelosno

an wignsacavi). dRes,

rodesac evropisken miviswrafiT

da sxva xedvebi gvaqvs,

vfiqrob, es Zveli taZrebi unda

SevinarCunoT, isini ar unda

ganadgurdes, radgan saqar-

Tvelos eTnikurad somexi mamuliSvilebis

agebuli taZrebia,

saqarTvelos kulturuli

memkvidreobaa. am procesis

dawyebas keTili nebis uqonloba

uSlis xels. vawydebiT

vandalizmis faqtebsac _ leseliZis

quCaze mdebare noraSenis

taZari, romelic meTxuTmete

saukunis nagebobaa da

meoce saukunis ocdaaTian

wlebSi daixura, TiTqosda

dasufTavebisa da keTilmowyobis

survilis gamo dRes icvlis

Tavis iersaxes. aRniSnul

qmedebebs, rogorc gairkva,

sapatriarqosTan SeuTanxmeblad,

TviTneburad, awarmoebda

mRvdeli tariel sikinWilaSvili.

aseTi `dasufTavebebis~

dros qreboda warwerebi,

icvleboda arqiteqturuli

saxe, iyo mcdeloba cnobili

mecenatis, meliqianis

winapris, saflavis gadaadgilebisa

_ igi am eklesiaSi msaxurobda.

magram droulad CaverieT.

aseTi qmedebebis gamo

Cvenma mrevlma aqtiurad gamoxata

protesti. Tu Cveni

mixeil avaqiani

eklesiis mrevli miuaxlovdeba

am taZars, yovelTvis ismis

arasasiamovno replikebi _

Tqven aq ra gesaqmebaT da a.S.

aseTi damokidebuleba kidev

ufro Zabavs urTierTobas.

zogierTi taZari ukve ganadgurebis

pirasaa, Tundac akofianis

quCaze mdebare 1781

wels aSenebuli surbniSnis

eklesia. axla akofianis quCas

sulTniSnis saxeli daerqva.

me filologi ar var da am

saxels, sulTniSans, veranairi

ganmarteba ver movuZebne.

cud dReSia aRmaSeneblis qu-

Caze, kinoTeatr `kolxeTis~

ezoSi mdebare eklesia, sadac

sakvirao skolebis memorialuri

dafebia, wminda minasis

eklesia, romelic prezidentis

rezidenciis paralelur

quCazea (sabWoTa period-

Si igi saamqrod gadakeTda),

aseve axalcixeSi arsebuli

surbniSnis eklesia.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

19

solidaroba

aRarafers vambob meoce saukunemde

moqmed im somxur

taZrebsa da eklesiebze, romelTa

fotoebic saxelmwifo

arqivebSia daculi _ maTi

ier-saxe Secvlilia da dRes

isini qarTul marTlmadidebel

eklesias ekuTvnis.

mRvdeli gabriele bragantini:

saqarTvelos konstituciiT

yvela moqalaqe Tanasworia,

problema ar aris umciresobisa

da umravlesobis statusis

TvalsazrisiT; aq aris

ara kanonis problema, aramed

aq aris Zaladobis momenti _

raki didi mrevli myavs, ufro

met yuradRebas vimsaxureb.

amis gamo Zalian ucnauria,

rodesac amboben, rom yvelaferi

konstituciis mixedviT

xdeba. pirvel yovlisa es sakiTxi

unda mogvardes, amis

Semdeg unda visaubroT religiebsa

da eklesiebze. CvenTvis

problemas qmnis konsti


#1(28)

tuciuri SeTanxmeba marTlmadidebel

eklesiasTan. rodesac

saubari iyo am SeTanxmebis dadebaze,

me komisiis wevri viyavi;

gviTxres, jer marTlmadideblebTan

gavaformoT konkordati

da amis Semdeg gaformdeba

SeTanxmebebi sxva

eklesiebTano. Tumca mere es

daaviwydaT. dRes kaTolike

eklesia aRiarebulia sxvadasxva

muslimur qveyanaSi, magram

saqarTveloSi, qristianul

qveyanaSi, aRiarebulni ar varT.

aq xSirad amboben, Cven qristianuli

ki ara, WeSmaritad

marTlmadidebluri qveyana

varTo. me amas qristianobas

ver davarqmev, vfiqrob, es

ufro fanatizmia. Cven gvaqvs

iuridiuli statusi sxvadasxva

asociaciis saxiT, magram

rodesac mimdinareobda quTaisis

kaTolikuri taZris dabrunebis

sasamarTlo procesi,

mosamarTlem sazogadoebriv

kavSir `savardi~-s hkiTxa,

Solidarität

mrgvali magida

rogor SeeZlo daemtkicebina

mas, rom is kaTolike eklesiis

samarTalmemkvidrea. pirvel

yovlisa is aris mosagvarebeli,

rom yvela moqalaqe sargeblobdes

konstituciiT miniWebuli

uflebebiT, ar unda

xdebodes saqarTvelos moqalaqeebis

erTmaneTisgan gansxvaveba

religiuri niSniT. amis

Semdeg unda mogvardes statusis

sakiTxic. kaTolikuri eklesia

ar aris `enjeo~ _ arasamTavrobo

organizacia, ase-

Ti statusis winaaRmdegi varT.

nino cincaZe: Tu ar

vcdebi, asociaciebis

saxiT registracia

amerikuli modelia.

kaTolike eklesias

amis gamo aSS-Si

eqmneba problemebi?

gabriele bragantini: amerikaSi

sul sxva situaciaa. cu-

zaal tyeSelaSvili

20

}'vh'mksr

dia, rodesac sxva qveyanaSi

arsebuli modeli gadmogvaqvs.

amerikaSi sul ar aris iseTi

mdgomareoba, rogoric Cven

gvaqvs aq. amerikaSi aravin

fiqrobs, rom, radgan is

kaTolikuri, protestantuli

an sxva eklesiaa, mas yvelasgan

gansxvavebuli mdgomareoba

unda hqondes. iq aravin aris

gamorCeuli. Cemi azriT, saqar-

TveloSi msgavsi modelis gadmotana

didi Secdomaa. saqar-

TveloSi, simarTle rom vTqvaT,

religiisa da rwmenis

sferoSi, neokolonializmis

formebs vawydebiT. Cven gvaqvs

seriozuli problemebi Cveni

kuTvnili eklesiebis gamo.

quTaisis episkoposma kalistratem

gviTxra ori Tvis win

_ quTaisis eklesia sufTa

marTlmadidebluria, magram

baTumis eklesia sufTa kaTolikuri

eklesiaao. azrTa sxvadasxvaobaa

TviTon marTlmadidebel

episkoposebs Soris.

Cven ar gvaZleven uflebas,

rom axali eklesiebi mainc

avaSenoT, radgan maTi survilia

mxolod marTlmadidebeli

eklesia arsebobdes. axalcixeSi

gamofenilia didi bilbordi

_ `tolerantoba axalcixeSi~;

masze gamoxatulia

meCeTi, ebrauli sinagoga da

marTlmadidebeli eklesia,

magram ar aris kaTolikuri

eklesia. ratom? axalcixis

istoriul ubanSi, rabaTSi,

Cveni eklesiisTvis miwa iyo

gamoyofili, sadac axali eklesia

unda agebuliyo. gubernatorma,

imis gamo, rom im

xalxis yuris damgdebi ki ar

aris, romelmac airCia, aramed

sapatriarqosi, xeli SeuSala

am eklesiis mSeneblobas.

Cven ar gvinda dapirispireba,

magram Cvens mrevls, sa-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


qarTvelos moqalaqeebs, unda

hqondeT religiuri wesebis

Sesasrulebeli adgili. arali

mTlianad kaTolikuri sofeli

iyo, rodesac iq marTlmadidebeli

eklesia aaSenes. ratom?

axla am soflis mcxovreblebis

mxolod 40%-ia ka-

Tolike, radgan wlebis ganmavlobaSi

iyo maTze zewola,

rom SeecvalaT sarwmunoeba,

arigebdnen produqtebs da

amis Semdeg Cven gvabraleben,

prozelitizms eweviTo. aseve

didi problemaa jvriswera

marTlmadidebelsa da kaTolikes

Soris, marTalia, es eklesiebis

saqmea, magram rodesac

saxelmwifo xedavs, Tu ra

xdeba mis moqalaqeebs Soris,

man unda Tqvas Tavisi sityva

da ar unda uyuros am ambavs

gulgrilad. es aris politika,

romlis mizania, rom saqarTveloSi

ar arsebobdes arcerTi

sxva eklesia marTlmadidebeli

eklesiis garda.

amitomac ar misces kaTolikur

instituts `sabas~ akreditacia

umniSvnelo mizezebis

gamo. vfiqrob, es sapatriarqos

gavleniT moxda, radgan

misma warmomadgenlebma erTxel

gvkiTxes _ sainteresoa,

rogor miiReT akreditacia,

rogor moxvediT aqamdeo? akreditaciaze

uaris Tqmis erTerTi

mizezi is iyo, rom biblioTekis

karze samuSao saaTebis

aRmniSvneli warwera ar iyo.

tariel nakaiZe: samarTlebrivi

situaciis mougvareblobis

gamo bevr siZneles

vawydebiT, gviWirs sameurneo

saqmianobis ganxorcieleba,

literaturis gamocema Tu

Semotana. Cven maqsimalurad

vcdilobT arasamTavroboebis

saSualebebiT vawarmooT es

saqmeebi. roca erT religias-

Tan gaformebulia konstituciuri

SeTanxmeba da sxvebTan

ara, es problemebs qmnis. magaliTad,

aspinZis raionSi, sofelSi,

sadac arcerTi qristianuli

ojaxi ar cxovrobs,

muslimi mrevli meCeTs aSenebda.

gamgeobam SeaCerebina mSenebloba,

radgan meCeTis aSenebis

nebarTva ar iyo aRebuli

sapatriarqodan. xalxi

iZulebuli Seiqna daumTavrebeli

Senoba gadaexura da

daewyo RvTismsaxureba.

amerikuli modeli, romelic

naxsenebi iyo, amerikisTvis

misaRebia, radgan iq arcerTi

religiis mimarT ar aris gansxvavebuli

midgoma, magram

saqarTveloSi sxva viTarebaa.

aWaris samuslimano sammarTvelos

saxeliT arasamTavrobo

organizaciad dafuZnebac

ver movaxerxeT, radgan notariusebma

uari gviTxres da mxolod

TbilisSi SevZeliT am

saxeliT registraciis gavla.

rac Seexeba qonebas. Cven pretenziebi

gvaqvs im meCeTebze,

romlebic muslimi mrevlis

mieraa agebuli. es meCeTebi

wlebis ganmavlobaSi sacxovreblad

gamoiyeneboda. maTi

didi nawili ukve dabrunebulia,

magram mniSvnelovani nawili

jer kidev ar aris Cvens

mflobelobaSi, maT Soris _

qobuleTis raionSi, aRmaSeneblis

quCaze mdebare ekonomikis

saministros kuTvnili

nageboba, romelic gasayid

nusxaSic iyo Setanili; aseve

imave raionSi mdebare sofel

muxaestates meCeTi, sadac

axla policiaa ganTavsebuli.

adigenis raionSic aris bevri

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

21

solidaroba

meCeTi, oRond iq gansxvavebuli

situaciaa, radgan adigenSi

raWidan Casaxlebuli

qristianuli mosaxleobac

cxovrobs. adigenis raionis

sofel moxeSi meCeTs angrevdnen.

Cven adgilobriv gamgeobas

vTxoveT _ Tu meCeTSi

msaxurebis uflebas ar miscemda

soflis muslim mosaxleobas,

maSin, rogorc kulturis

Zegli, ise mainc daecva

es samlocvelo, gadaexura

da SemoeRoba.

zaal tyeSelaSvili: roca

Cven samarTlebriv mxareze

vsaubrobT, konstituciur

SeTanxmebasTan dakavSirebiT

marTlac unda iTqvas, rom

saqarTveloSi gansxvavebuli

situaciaa. erTi ukanonoba

Sobs sxva ukanonobebs. marTlmadidebel

eklesiasTan gaformebul

xelSekrulebas sazogadoebis

ganwyobac emateba.

es situacia Tu ar Seicvala,

vfiqrob, veranairi samarTlebrivi

statusi ver gamoasworebs

Cvens mdgomareobas.

Cveni eklesiisTvis, garda imisa,

rom dadebulia konkordati,

romelic gvzRudavs, imis

saSiSroebac arsebobs, rom im

eklesiebma, romlebic ufro

tradiciulad da mravalricxovnad

moiazrebian saqarTveloSi,

msgavsi xelSekruleba

gaaformon saxelmwifosTan,

rac Cven kidev ufro metad

SegvzRudavs.

gansazRvra imisa, Tu romelia

religiuri organizacia da

romeli ar aris, saxelmwifos-

Tvis Znelia. amaze gauTaveblad

SeiZleba msjeloba da

kamaTi. amitom me ar moviTxov,

rom maincdamainc religiis

Sesaxeb kanoni iqnes miRebuli


#1(28)

da gauqmdes im formiT registracia,

dRes rom gvaqvs. Tu

raime axali kanoni Semova, is

aucileblad kargad gaazrebuli

da Semowmebuli unda

iyos, rom am kanonma yvela Tanabar

mdgomareobaSi Caayenos.

Cven arasamTavrobo organizaciis

statusiT varT registrirebuli,

da imedi maqvs,

Tu religiis Sesaxeb kanons

miviRebT, es kanoni ar iqneba

iseTi, rogoric konstituciuri

SeTanxmebaa.

vici, konkordatis gaformebis

dros, garkveul eklesiebs

Tanxmoba aTqmevines, moatyues,

rom maTi Tanxmobis Semdeg

Tanabari uflebiT isargeblebda

yvela. Tu Cveni qveyana

demokratiul, liberalur

konstitucias irCevs, da Cven

vTanxmdebiT, rom es konstitucia

unda gvqondes, maSin

unda davicvaT konstitucia

da masSi gacxadebuli Rirebulebebi.

magram Tu Cveni mizania,

rom erTi religia da

Teokratiuli saxelmwifo

gvqondes, maSin unda SevcvaloT

arsebuli konstitucia

da davweroT, rom marTlmadidebloba

erTaderTi saxelmwifo

religiaa da yvela sxva

religia am qveynisaTvis miuRebelia.

Cemi azriT, am mxriv iranis

mTavroba ufro marTebulad

iqceva, radgan rasac ambobs,

imas akeTebs, xolo Cven erTs

vambobT da meores vakeTebT.

sergo namoraZe: Cemi azriT,

saqarTveloSi problema kargi

kanonebis uqonloba ki ar

aris, aramed is, rom es kanonebi

ar sruldeba.

agvistos omis Semdeg Cveni

eklesiis ori wevri cxinvalis

Solidarität

mrgvali magida

regionSi imyofeboda. maT

CvenTvis Sida saeklesio moxmarebis

wignebi unda CamoetanaT.

Cven davkargeT maTTan

kavSiri. rogorc mogvianebiT

SevityveT, problema maT mxolod

maSin SeqmniaT, rodesac

Cvens kontrolirebad teritoriaze

gadmosulan. erTerT

mesazRvres gaulanZRavs

isini rogorc osebi da rogorc

adventistebi da uTqvams,

mkvleloba codva rom

ar iyos, aqve dagxocavdiTo.

situacia mas Semdeg ganimuxta,

rac Cveni eklesiis erTi

wevri romeliRac maTganis

nacnobi aRmoCnda. biWebi

gamouSves da literaturac

davibruneT.

registraciis process Cven

axla gavdivarT. gavixseneb

saxalxo damcvelis moxsenebas

parlamentSi. rodesac is saubrobda

konstituciuri Se-

Tanxmebis Sesaxeb, rodesac is

saubrobda religiuri diskriminaciis

aRmofxvris Sesaxeb,

amas umwvavesi reaqcia

mohyva qveynis umaRles sakanonmdeblo

organoSi da gasakviri

ar aris, rom rigiTi

moqalaqeebi, inteligenciis

warmomadgenlebi, skolis

maswavleblebi, eqimebi, ar

arian informirebulebi...

nino cincaZe: sajaro

ganaTlebis Sesaxeb

kanoniT skolebSi akr-

Zalulia religiuri

prozelitizmi, indoqtrinacia

da religiuri

simboloebis

gamoyeneba araakademiuri

mizniT. cnobilia,

rom am kuTxiTac

ar sruldeba kanoni...

22

}'vh'mksr

sergo namoraZe: sami wlisa

iyo Cemi Svili, rodesac erTxel

sabavSvo baRidan Sin dabrunebulma

mkiTxa: mamiko,

ratom davdivarT Cven eSmakis

eklesiaSi? aRmoCnda, rom

baRis maswavlebels uTqvams

misTvis, Tqveni eklesia

eSmakisaao.

Semdegi etapi iyo skola, sadac

yvela maswavlebeli valdebulad

Tvlis Tavs, rom bav-

Svi marTlmadideblad aRzardos,

radganac maTTvis kargi

mamuliSvili, maRalzneobrivi

adamiani mxolod marTlmadidebeli

SeiZleba iyos. maswavlebels

paraklisze, ziarebaze

dahyavs bavSvebi. rodesac

piradad vesaubre pedagogs

amis Sesaxeb, miTxra, kargi,

Tqveni Svili nu wamova, visac

surs, mas waviyvano. magram es

TanaklaselTagan bavSvis gaucxoebas

iwvevs, aRar undaT

masTan megobroba, laparakoben,

rom is da misi mSoblebi

seqtantebi arian. sityva `seqtantSi~

ki imaze saSinel Sinaarss

deben, vidre Tavis droze

komunistebi gulisxmobdnen.

maxsovs, rodesac pirvelad

gavecani adventistur

eklesias da pirvel nabijebs

vdgamdi am eklesiaSi, bebiam

miTxra _ baptistebSi xom ar

moxvdio, Tu baptistebSi ar

xar, maSin iareo. rom SevekiTxe,

baptistebma ra daaSavesmeTqi,

mipasuxa: baptistebi

sisxls svameno. ra Tqma unda,

man araferi icoda baptistebis

swavlebis Sesaxeb. dResac

igive mdgomareobaa: Tu marTlmadidebeli

ar xar, miuRebeli

xar.

aseTi SemTxveva mqonda: erTerT

students, etyoba, univer-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


sitetSi religiuri umciresobis

warmomadgenlisgan intervius

aReba daavales. movida

CvenTan da mkiTxa, ras ake-

TebT Tqvens Sekrebebzeo. mis

mzeraSi amovikiTxe: me ki vici

rasac akeTebT, magram isic

vici, rom amas ar gaamxelTo.

vuTxari, bavSvebis sisxls

vsvamT-meTqi. movelodi, rom

seriozulad ar miiRebda am

pasuxs, magram Semdeg axsna

damWirda, rom vexumre. Tumca

ar vici ramdenad damijera.

dRevandeli sakanonmdeblo

baza religiur umciresobeb-

Tan mimarTebiT ase SeiZleba

daxasiaTdes: kanoni yvelasTvis

erTia, magram nacnobobis

gamo gamonaklisebis daSveba

SeiZleba. Zalian sagulisxmoa

vardebis revoluciis Semdeg

momxdari rusi ormocdaaTianelebis

darbeva. TviTmxilvelma

aseTi ram miambo: patrulma

daicva ormocdaaTianelebi,

akavebda Tavdamsxmelebs,

magram patrulis Tanam-

Sromeli aginebda da lanZRavda

dazaralebulT. am adamianis

saqcieli im viTarebas

gamoxatavda, rac dRes gvaqvs

saqarTveloSi _ kanoniT gai-

Zuleben pativi sce evropul

faseulobebs, magram realurad

Sens SigniT isev boboqrobs

warsuli, romelsac

Senatri. kanonebze raRa unda

vTqvaT, rodesac konstituciuri

SeTanxmeba ewinaaRmdegeba

konstitucias.

mixeil avaqiani: noraSenis

taZris ezoSi mimdinare ukanono

mSeneblobis Sesaxeb qalaqis

meriidan gvipasuxes,

merias ar gaucia saamiso nebar-

Tva da es ukanono qmedeba aucileblad

aRikveTebao, Tum-

tariel nakaiZe

ca cota xnis gasvlis Semdeg

imave uwyebidan sruliad

gansxvavebuli pasuxi modis:

aRniSnuli saqmianoba ar sa-

Wiroebs meriasTan SeTanxmebas

da araviTari kanoni ar

darRveulao. presaSi iwereba

TiTqos sapatriarqosTan

arsebobs Sereuli komisia,

romelmac noraSenis eklesiis

sakiTxi unda Seiswavlos,

magram sruli pasuxismgeblobiT

vacxadeb, rom somxuri

wminda samociqulo eklesiis

arcerTi warmomadgeneli ar

aris raime komisiis wevri.

sapatriarqoSi arsebobs religiaTaSorisi

sabWo, romelsac

qalbatoni lela jejelava

xelmZRvanelobs. Cveni eklesia,

sxva eklesiebTan erTad, am

sabWos wevria. xSirad dagviyenebia

sabWos sxdomebze

mwvave sakiTxebi, mimarTvebic

gagvikeTebia, Tumca problemebi

ar gadawyvetila.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

23

solidaroba

gabriele bragantini: sapatriarqosTan

arsebuli religiaTaSorisi

sabWo fiqtiuria.

mixeil avaqiani: erT detals

davamateb. meriidan mosul

erT werilSi uflebamosili

piri wers _ `eklesia noraSeni~,

xolo meore werilSi wers

_ `wminda xarebis eklesia~.

Cven am qveynis moqalaqeebi

varT, vixdiT gadasaxadebs da

a.S., da ratom ar unda ganxorcieldes

sarestavracio

samuSaoebi arasadavo somxur

taZrebze? iranSiac ki saxelmwifo

zrunavs qveyanaSi arsebuli

somxuri eklesiebis

SenarCunebisTvis.

gabriele bragantini: 2004

wlidan arsebobs saqarTvelos

marTlmadidebel da kaTolikur

eklesiaTa erToblivi

komisia, romelsac problemur

sakiTxebze unda emsjela.

mxolod erTxel Seikriba es


#1(28)

komisia da gviTxres, daanebeT

Tavi sasamarTlos wesiT sadavo

eklesiebis sakiTxis mogvarebas

da Semdeg vilaparakoT

rogorc Zmurma eklesiebmao.

sergo namoraZe: isev kanonis

Seusruleblobis erT-erTi

faqti minda gavixseno. sapatrulo

policiis TanamSromelma

gaaCera avtomanqana, romelsac

sasuliero piri mar-

Tavda. TanamSromeli mRvdlis

danaxvaze Secba da kurTxeva

iTxova. mRvdelma upasuxa,

raze gakurTxo, jarima rom

gamomiweroo? ara, makurTxe,

mamao, giSvebo. Cvens qveyanaSi

iseTi mdgomareobaa, TiTqos

kanonis Sesrulebas kurTxeva

sWirdeba.

kidev erTi faqti: erT-erTma

notariusma pirad saubarSi

Cems axlobels uTxra, me yovelTvis

varideb Tavs seqtantebis

daregistrirebas, radgan

ar minda codvaSi Cavvar-

Solidarität

mrgvali magida

deo. megobari myavs ginekologi,

romelic abortebs akeTebda

da amis gamo daisaja, kibo

aRmoaCndao. marTalia, kanonis

winaSe valdebuli var, magram

veridebi aseT saqmes da

sxvasTan vagzavnio. kanoni er-

Ti mxarea, xolo meore mxarea

is, Tu ra kategoriebiT azrovnebs

sazogadoebis absoluturi

umravlesoba.

nino cincaZe: daSinebis

berkets dRes sapatriarqo

Zalian aqtiurad

iyenebs. `Tu mar-

Tlmadidebeli ar xar

da sapatriarqos nebas

ar emorCilebi, Rmer-

Ti dagsjis~ _ es mesiji

erTob mZlavrad

vrceldeba dRevandel

qarTul sazogadoeba-

Si, bolos es gzavnili

araorazrovnad daadastura

episkoposma

petre caavam gadacema

24

sergo namoraZe

}'vh'mksr

`didi aTeulis~ formatis

SecvlasTan dakavSirebul

debatebSi.

rogorc amboben, igive

gzavnili moismines

sapatriarqoSi misulma

`pirveli arxis~ sameTvalyureo

sabWos

wevrebmac. rbilad rom

vTqvaT, es tolerantuli

mesiji ar aris.

Tqveni azriT, ratom

`muSaobs~ es mesiji

ase sajaro sivrceSi?

sergo namoraZe: faqtia, rom

religiur grZnobas, am konkretul

SemTxvevaSi ki SiSs,

berketad iyenebs zogierTi

sasuliero piri da Cven amis

mowmeebi vxdebiT faqtobrivad

yvelgan. Cemi azriT, yvelaze

didi problema sazogadoebis

arainformirebulobaa.

Cven gveubnebian, Tqvenive

bralia, rom ar gicnoben, gaacaniT

xalxs Tavi, meti imu-

SaveTo, magram, rodesac televiziaSi

migvitania Cveni

gadacemebi, romlebic religiur

Temebs ki ar exeboda,

aramed adamianis janmrTelobas

an ojaxs da a.S., uTqvamT:

ara Cven amas ver gavuSvebT,

aq raRac kodebia da es masonizmiao.

aseTi saubrebis Semdeg

yovelTvis viTxovT oficialurad

werilobiT gviTxran

uari, magram amaod.

zaal tyeSelaSvili: rodesac

eqims pacientis janmrTelobis

Sesaxeb daskvna gamoaqvs,

mas SeiZleba oponireba gauwios

meore eqimma, radgan esmis

es saqme. arsebobs religiuri

SiSi. adamianebs eSiniaT (ara

mxolod marTlmadidebel

mrevls, aramed sxva religiebis

mimdevrebsac), magram imisaT-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


vis, rom araswori, cru SiSi

daiZlios, saWiroa isev sasuliero

pirebma Tqvan, rom

msgavsi SiSi usafuZvloa. swored

imis gamo, rom am mxriv Caketilobaa,

mxolod erTi ideologiaa

gabatonebuli, sxvas

ki ar aqvs SesaZlebloba sawinaaRmdego

azri gamoTqvas

imis Sesaxeb, rom, davuSvaT,

RmerTi aseTi ki ar aris, aramed

sruliad sxvanairia, ai,

swored amis gamo adamianebSi

Zlierdeba SiSi. adamianebs

marTla eSiniaT, rom isini

araswori qmedebis gamo daisjebian.

Tundac `didi aTeulis~

magaliTi rom aviRoT,

yvelas eSinia codva ar Cavidinoo,

magram vinme unda gamovides

da Tqvas, rom amgvari

ram aranairi codva ar aris.

sergo namoraZe: saqarTvelo

oficialurad sekularuli

saxelmwifoa, magram moqmedebs

da cxovrobs rogorc

garkveulwilad Teokratiuli

qveyana. saqarTveloSi yvelaferi

TiTqos isev meordeba,

Zlierdeba antagonizmi da

qsenofobia, oRond SefarviT,

ise, rom evropelebs ar

ewyinoT.

gabriele bragantini: Cemi

azriT, saxelmwifo ar asrulebs

Tavis movaleobas. cudi

ar aris rodesac vinmes avtoriteti

aqvs, magram saqme is

aris, rogor iyeneb am avtoritets.

vfiqrob, ufro metad

unda gamaxvildes yurad-

Reba saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebze,

sabavSvo baRebze,

sadac ori wlis bavSvebs

apokalifsze esaubrebian.

saTanado struqturebi da

organizaciebi wlebis ganmavlobaSi

ar asruleben TavianT

movaleobebs, dRes ki amis

Sedegebs vimkiT. ratom unda

gvWirdebodes Cven sapatriarqos

nebarTva, rom cixeSi

SevideT da Cveni patimrebi

movinaxuloT? ar SegviZlia

davbeWdoT esa Tu is statia,

Tu marTlmadidebeli episkoposis

nebarTva ar gveqneba.

ratom? me SemiZlia vTqva, rom,

samwuxarod, prezidenti, yvela

ministri, saxelmwifo Tavisi

xalxisgan Zalian Sors aris.

nino cincaZe: magram

politikosebs meti

amomrCeveli sWirdebaT

da Sesabamisad _

marTlmadideblobiT

Tavis mowonebac.

mixeil avaqiani: 1995 wels

mama tariels (sikinWilaSvils)

Cvenma mrevlma noraSenis

ier-saxis Secvlis mcdeloba

SeamCnia. maSin somxeTis erTerTi

episkoposi ewvia Tbiliss

da uwmides ilia I I -sTan

Sexvedrisas iTqva, modiT, es

sakiTxi jerjerobiT SevaCeroT

da ukeTes dros davelodoTo.

Cemi azriT, 2004 wlis

Semdeg es ukeTesi dro ukve

movida, da vfiqrob, axla ukve

unda gamoixatos keTili neba.

rodesac rames viTxovT, gvpasuxoben,

Cvengan ar modis

problema, es kanoniT ar aris

gaTvaliswinebulio da a.S.

sababs da mizezs yovelTvis

pouloben.

tariel nakaiZe: SiSis Taobaze

minda Cemi azri mogaxsenoT.

sazogadod, RvTis SiSi

religiurobis principia. am

berkets flobs dRes sapatriarqo

da iyenebs ise, rogorc

mas surs, radgan sazogadoeba

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

25

solidaroba

ar aris imdenad ganaTlebuli,

rom icodes _ sapatriarqos-

Tan raRac Temebze SeuTanxmebloba

sulac ar niSnavs

imas, rom es RvTis risxvas

gamoiwvevs. vardebis revoluciis

Semdeg cota xans

situacias ukeTesoba daetyo,

Tumca sapatriarqos avtoriteti

dRes aTjer metad gaizarda

2004 wlamde arsebul

viTarebasTan SedarebiT.

vfiqrob, Tu mmarTvelma Zalam

mxolod imaze izruna,

rogor SeinarCunos skami, da

ara imaze, rom kanoni daicvas

da sazogadoebis ganviTarebas

Seuwyos xeli, situacia ufro

metad damZimdeba. opozicia,

imisaTvis, rom xalxis mxardaWera

mieRo xelisuflebis

winaaRmdeg, gaiZaxoda _ Tqven

udierad epyrobiT eklesias,

Tqven `ieRovelebi~ xarT da

a.S. yovelive aman ganapiroba

axlandeli mdgomareoba _ Tu

2004 wlamde vinme Semogivardeboda

da fizikurad giswordeboda,

axla mas ukve aRar

sWirdeba Zaladoba, radgan

aqvs Zalian Zlieri berketi _

media.

rac Seexeba sapyrobileSi

Sesvlas. gvindoda quTaisis

cixeSi SevsuliyaviT, magram

amisTvis sapatriarqos nebar-

Tva mogvTxoves.

nino cincaZe: ra SeiZleba

iyos gamosavali

aqedan da rogor SeiZleba

ganviTardes es

urTierTobebi momavalSi?

sergo namoraZe: sazogadoebriv

mauwyebelze iyo Toq-Sou

italiuri ezo, romelic od-


#1(28)

nav Seexo religiur sakiTxs.

sasurvelia msgavsi Toq-Souebis

mowyoba, romlis meSveobiTac

sazogadoebas alternatiuli

wyaroebidan

miewodeba informacia, raTa

zogierTebma yvelas magivrad

ar isaubron.

tariel nakaiZe: saero saxelmwifo

ar unda iyos damokidebuli

romelime religiis

meTaurze an mimdevarze.

kanonis avtoriteti ar unda

Seilaxos. Tu saxelmwifom es

gza daTmo, maSin igi saero da

liberaluri aRar iqneba. Tu

es mdgomareoba ar gamoswordeba,

Cveni qveyana dRiTidRe

Teokratizaciisken wava...

yvela religia Tanabar

mdgomareobaSi unda iyos.

gabriele bragantini: problema

mravalmxrivia. magali-

Tad, mravali marTlmadidebeli

fiqrobs, rom evropa

satanisturia. dRevandeli

situacia Zalian mZimea. Cemi

azriT, ufro seriozulad

unda vifiqroT Seqmnil viTarebaze.

did, Zlier daavadebas

patara abiT ver movarCenT.

pirvel yovlisa unda Seicvalos

foni, romelic religiebisadmi

damokidebulebaSi

arsebobs. unda mogvardes

Cven Soris arsebuli uTanxmoebebi.

roca sapatriarqodan

gvixmoben, yvelani mivdivarT,

magram Cveni iniciativiT

vawyobT Sekrebebs? Cven unda

SevcvaloT foni, erToblivad,

SeTanxmebulad unda vimuSaoT,

mxolod amis Semdeg

SegviZlia ufro seriozul

problemebze gadasvla.

zaal tyeSelaSvili: jer

TviT CvenSi kidev ufro unda

Solidarität

mrgvali magida

gaRvivdes tolerantobis

marcvlebi. ganaTlebas aqvs

didi mniSvneloba. Tu xelisufleba

met Tavisuflebas

miscems televiziebs, darwmunebuli

var tolerantobisken

momwodebeli gadacemebi namdvilad

momzaddeba. ganaTlebis

problema xelisuflebis

wevrebsac udgaT, radgan xelisufalsac

SeiZleba ise eSinodes

codvis Cadenis, rogorc

nebismier sxvas. unda

arsebobdes religiuri mimdinareobebis

realuri Tavisufleba,

raTa maT SeZlon

sulier sakiTxebSi TavianTi

argumentaciebis warmodgena

da oponirebis gaweva.

26

}'vh'mksr

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


perspeqtiva

sarwmunoebiT

ramdenime wlis win erTma

Jurnalistma hkiTxa iranis

mTavrobis wevrs, ramdenad

Seesabameboda iranis mTavrobis

politikis dasavluri

tendenciebi aiaTola xomeinis

ganaCens, romelic salman

ruSdis sikvdils moiTxovda.

respondentma aRmosavluri

simSvidiT da didi

gulmodginebiT auxsna Jurnalists,

rom dasavleTSi arasworad

gaiges saqmis viTareba.

saqme is yofila, rom iranel-

Ta sulierma liderma, ubralod,

Tavisi azri gamoTqva.

islamSi amas fatvas uwodeben,

rac niSnavs mosazrebas,

romelsac avtoritetis mqone

piri gamoTqvams da gavlena

aqvs mxolod maTze, vinc am

avtoritets cnobs; ramdenadac

morwmune sazogadoeba am

azrs pativs scems, yoveli

marTlmorwmune muslimi Tavs

movaled CaTvlis, rac SeiZleba

male warudginos mwerali

alahis samsjavroso.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

27

solidaroba

qarTveli

sergo ratiani

wina kviras saqarTvelos sapatriarqos

warmomadgenelma

Segvaxsena, rom saqarTvelos

patriarqi arasodes moiTxovs,

is gamoTqvams Tavis

azrs, rCevas aZlevs Tavis

sulier Svilebs.

albaT weliwadze cota metia

gasuli, rac saqarTvelos

patriarqma ganacxada, saqar-

Tvelos mefe unda hyavdeso.

gasuli wlis ianvarSi saqar-

Tvelos sasamarTlos mier

samSoblos RalatSi braldebuli

irakli baTiaSvili patriarqis

Txovnis safuZvelze

gaaTavisufles (aq araa saubari

imaze, Tu ramdenad adekvaturi

iyo Tavad sasamarTlos

gadawyvetileba).

ruseT-saqarTvelos agvistos

omis Semdeg saqarTvelos parlamentis

dadgenilebiT saqar-

Tvelom diplomatiuri kavSiri

gawyvita ruseTTan. saqar


#1(28)

Tvelos patriarqi ruseTSi

vizitisas Sexvda ruseTis

prezidents da samSobloSi

dabrunebisas ganacxada, rom

saelCoebis funqcionireba

aRdgeba.

saqarTvelos patriarqma ruseTSi

vizitis Semdeg isic

ganacxada, rom sapatriarqom

yvelaferi gaakeTa ruseT-saqarTvelos

keTilmezobluri

urTierTobebis aRsadgenad da

mouwoda saqarTvelos mTavrobas,

rom am ukanasknelma

diadi wamowyebis warmatebiT

dasruleba mainc moaxerxos.

sul axlaxans saqarTvelos

patriarqma gamoTqva mosazreba,

rom sazogadoebrivi

mauwyeblis pirveli arxis

proeqtis _ `saqarTvelos

didi aTeulis~ _ formati

unda Seicvalos.

ras unda velodoT momaval-

Si? ar darCenila xelisuflebis

Sto, romelsac am erTi

wlis ganmavlobaSi, saqarTvelos

patriarqis azri ar Sexeboda.

saqarTvelos oTxive

xelisuflebis Sto irxeva,

`viTarca lerwami qarTagan

ZlierTa~. Sesabamisad, saubari

unda iyos ara imaze, Tu

vin iqneba Semdegi _ wre ukve

Seikra _, aramed imaze, Tu

rodis daiwyeba axali cikli.

albaT am asociaciis gamo

aRSfoTdeba Cveni sazogadoebis

nawili. ityvian, rom

Sedareba arasworia. magram

asociacia ar SeiZleba iyos

swori an araswori _ rogorc

erTi Wkviani kaci ityoda,

grZnobebi ara cdebian _ radgan

swori an araswori SeiZ-

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

leba iyos mxolod azrovneba.

magram Tu qveyanaSi azris gamoTqmis

mxolod erTi instancia

arsebobs, maSin sazogadoebis

sxva wevrebs rCebaT

mxolod asociaciebi, vnebebi,

warmodgenebi da, dae, nuravis

daswydeba guli, Tuki iqamde,

vidre rwmena srulad

daeufleba Cvens grZnobebs,

kacs raime ucnauri xateba

mouva TavSi.

patriarqis mier sakuTari gansxvavebuli

poziciis dafiqsirebas

aravin aprotestebs.

ubralod, is, vinc gamoTqvams

mosazrebas, unda amodiodes

martivi daSvebidan, rom arsebobs

gansxvavebuli azric.

Tu sasuliero avtoriteti

gamoTqvams Tavis mosazrebas

da sazogadoebaSi ar arsebobs

sxva sasicocxlo sivrce, romelsac

igi ar moicavs da ar

iqvemdebarebs, es mosazreba

ukve brZanebas warmoadgens.

saqme mosazrebaSi ki araa,

aramed im garemoSi, romel-

Sic is funqcionirebs. adamianuri

yofis sxvadasxva sferoebi,

Cveulebriv, ki ar upirispirdebian

religiur sferos

an erTmaneTs, isini ubralod

sxva principiT funqcionireben.

erT-erTi amgvari

sferoa, magaliTad, mecniereba.

es WeSmaritebis gansxvavebuli

sivrcea. niutonis

romelime kanoni an is, rom

orjer ori oTxia, ver iqneba

damokidebuli sasuliero

avtoritetis sulier gamocdilebaze.imedia,

jer ar

warmoadgens aucileblobas

SevaxsenoT sazogadoebas is

faqti, rom dedamiwa brunavs.

meore mxriv, rogorc

religiur samyaros, aseve Ta-

28

}'vh'mksr

visufali nebis arCevans verasodes

aRwers maTematikuri

tipis WeSmariteba. srulfasovani

sazogadoeba araerTi

sxvadasxva sasicocxlo sivrcis

Tanaarsebobas warmoadgens.

sasuliero pirebis mier

gamoTqmuli mosazreba, Tu

gansxvavebul sferos exeba,

ar SeiZleba iyos swori an

araswori, is, ubralod, araadekvaturia,

da Tu mainc

iqvemdebarebs maT, maSin es

sazogadoeba Teokratiulia.

maxsendeba erTi SesaniSnavi

inglisuri kinofilmi `lomi

zamTarSi~. iq inglisis dedofali

wuxiliT ambobs: XI I saukunea

da Cven jer kidev barbarosebi

varTo.

XXI saukunea da Cven, saqarTveloSi,

jer kidev Teokratiis

niSnebze gviwevs saubari.

gviwevs saubari imaze, rom

nacionaluri saxelmwifo da

Teokratia Seusabamo movlenebia.

sekularizmi nacionaluri

saxelmwifosTvis ar

aris is deserti, romelsac

ZiriTad kerZs ginda miatan,

ginda _ ara. sekularizmis

gareSe adamianTa is erToba,

romelsac ers uwodeben,

ubralod, ar arsebobs.

SesaZloa es gansazRvreba

vinmes examuSos, radgan modernizacias,

mecnierul progress

evropis, aziisa da amerikis

kontinentebze erTi da

igive Sedegi ar moutania.

arc axali drois erT-erT

yvelaze ganmsazRvrel movlenas,

sekularizacias, mohyolia

yvelgan erTi da igive

Sedegi.

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


formalurad erTsa da imave

moTxovnas saxelmwifosa da

eklesiis gamijvnis Sesaxeb

sxvadasxva drosa da sxvadasxva

qveyanaSi sruliad gansxvavebuli

movlenebi sdevda

Tan. 1918 wlis 5 Tebervals

sabWoTa xelisuflebis mier

gamocemuli dekreti saxelmwifosa

da eklesiis gamijvnis

Sesaxeb eklesiebis ngrevis,

maTi qonebis Zarcvis, sasuliero

pirebis wamebisa da

ganadgurebis, morwmuneTa

mravalwliani devnisa da gadasaxlebis

legalizeba iyo.

axla, sabWoTa koSmaris dasrulebis

Semdeg, rodesac sazogadoeba

ubrundeba im cxovrebis

wess, romelsac Zaladobis

Sedegad mowyda, cota

ar iyos rTulia saubari imaze,

rom Tanamedrove samyaros

(anu im sasicocxlo garemos,

romelSic Cven arasodes

gvicxovria) safuZvlad swored

sekularizaciis fenomeni

udevs; rom sadRac, Soreul

dasavleTSi arseboben

qveynebi, sadac saxelmwifosa

da religiis gamijvna erTerTi

fuZemdebluri principia,

magram es am qveynebis

mosaxleobis umetesobas sruliad

ar uSlis xels religiuri

cxovrebiT cxovrobdnen 1 .

Cven unda vacnobierebdeT,

rom sazogadoebis erTi SexedviT

uwyinari da bunebrivi

ltolva _ daubrundes uwindel

cxovrebis wess _ SeiZleba

damRupveli aRmoCndes.

saqme is aris, rom miswrafeba

_ daubrunde warsuls _ sakuTar

TavSi iluzias Seicavs.

SeuZlebelia sazogadoeba

daubrundes, vTqvaT, meTvramete

saukunis dasasruls. es

absurdia, arada sabWoTa sistemis

daSlis Semdeg msgavsi

tendenciebi xSirad Warbobs

da absurdul saxesac iZens. 2

erTaderTi ram, risi saSualebiT

aramarto SesaZlebelia,

aramed aucilebelic

aris warsulSi dabruneba, azrovnebaa;

ara iq `gadasaxlebiT~,

aramed warsulis gaazrebiT

SeiZleba movaxdinoT

CvenTvis sasurveli garemos

rekonstruireba.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

29

solidaroba

SesaZloa ukmexad da cinikurad

JRers, rodesac araerTi

Taobis, rbilad rom vTqvaT,

mZime gamocdilebis Semdeg

geubnebian, rom es yovelive

`ar iTvleba~ da `es idea

Tqvens garemoSi arasworad

iqna gagebuli, daviwyoT

Tavidan~. mZimea, magram unda

gvesmodes, rom aq saubari ar

aris raRac ideis akviatebaze,

romelic ginda Tu ara, unda

ganaxorcielo. saubaria Ta-


#1(28)

namedrove samyaros safuZvlebis

gagebaze, anu im realobaze,

romelSic gviwevs arseboba.

realobas ki erTi ucnauri

Tviseba aqvs: Tu mas adekvaturad

ver afaseb da iluziebSi

imyofebi, is gangrevs.

Sesabamisad, arCevani mxolod

oria: an araadekvaturi iyo

Tanamedrove samyaroSi, anu

isev acde normaluri ganvi-

Tarebis gzas, an, miuxedavad

yvelafrisa, daiwyo Tavidan.

Cvenc SevecadoT daviwyoT

Tavidan.

axali drois erT-erTi yvelaze

damaxasiaTebeli niSani

is aris, rom sazogadoebrivi

cxovrebis sxvadasxva sferoebi

_ xelovneba, mecniereba,

ganaTleba, politika _ sul

ufro da ufro emijnebian

sasuliero cxovrebis wess.

swored am gamijvna-gamoTavisuflebas

ewodeba sekularizacia

an emansipacia.

sityva sekularizacia momdinareobs

laTinuri saekulumidan

da niSnavs Taobas, saukunes,

epoqas, droiTs, samyaros,

saeros, amqveyniurs,

anu _ sasulieros sapirispiros.

rac Seexeba emansipacias, la-

Tinuri emancipatio niSnavs

Svilis ganTavisuflebas mamis

Zalauflebisgan an Svilis

oficialur uars sakuTrebaze,

rac mancipatio-s, anu

sakuTrebis iuridiul gaformebas,

gulisxmobda. iTvleboda,

rom rodesac mama sakuTrebis

uflebas gadascemda

Svils, es ukanaskneli

Tavisufali xdeboda.

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

eklesiisgan gamijvnis arsi

gulisxmobs upiratesad ara

masTan dapirispirebas, aramed

ganTavisuflebas da memkvidroebiTobas.

es imas niSnavs,

rom saero sivrcem memkvidreobad

miiRo qristianuli

Rirebulebebi, igi zrdasruli

SviliviT damoukidebeli

gaxda. Tanamedrove samyaros

safuZveli qristianuli

Rirebulebebia.

rasakvirvelia, SegviZlia warmovidginoT

arajansaRi urTierTobebi

mSobelsa da memkvidres

Soris, rodesac mama

Zaladobs Svilze, an, piriqiT,

Svils uCndeba survili

gaanadguros mama. istorias

axsovs mamis mkvlelobis

mravali SemTxveva, magram

miuxedavad amisa, uazrobaa

memkvidreobiTobis, zrdasrulobisa

da Tavisuflebis

Sesaxeb vimsjeloT paTologiebiT,

anu SemTxvevebiT,

rodesac Tavisufleba ubralod

ver ganxorcielda.

saqarTveloSi Tavisuflebis,

emansipaciis, sekularizaciis

SesaZlebloba ilia WavWavaZem

Seqmna. emansipaciis tipuri

magaliTia iliaseuli azri,

rom sami RvTaebrivi saunje

dagvrCa Cven mama-papaTagan:

mamuli, ena da sarwmunoeba.

aq saubari swored memkvidreobazea,

saunjeze, romlis

damkvidrebasac ilia erSi,

anu saero, sekularul

sivrceSi cdilobda.

iliaseul azrs aqvs, ase vTqvaT,

Tavisi `Zveli aRTqma~.

daviwyoT cota Soridan.

erovnuli da, kerZod, qarTuli

identobis safuZvlebis

30

}'vh'mksr

gacnobierebisaTvis mniSvnelovania

`qarTlis cxovreba-

Si~ xSirad naxsenebi termini

sarwmunoebiT qarTveli an

sarwmunoebiT somexi. qarTleli,

imereli, kaxeli, mesxi,

megreli, svani da sxvani qar-

Tvelebi iyvnen, radgan isini

sarwmunoebiT qarTvelebi

iyvnen. vaxuSti batoniSvili

qarTvelebis erTianobis sam

safuZvelze saubrobs. pirveli

ori swored sarwmunoeba

da enaa. qarTlis cxovrebaSi

vkiTxulobT: `pirveli,

ukeTu hkiTxo visme qarTvelsa

anu imersa, mesxsa, da herkaxsa

ra rjulis xar, wams

mogigebs: `qarTveli~. qarTlis

somxiTis mkvidrni, miuxedavad

imisa, rom qceva-zniTa

qarTuliTa arian, mainc somxebad

iwerebian, radgan sarwmunoebiT

somexni arian. sarwmunoebiT

qarTvelisaTvis

sarwmunoebasa da enas tolpirveladi

mniSvneloba aqvs,

radgan swored qarTuli enaa

imis erT-erTi ganmsazRvreli

safuZveli, rom qristianoba

gadaiqceva qarTul sarwmunoebad.

wmida werilis Targmna

qmnis rCeuli eris analogiis

gancdas. Tavis mxriv ena

imdenadaa mniSvnelovani,

ramdenadac is sarwmunoebis

enad gadaiqceva.

sayovelTaod cnobilia, qar-

Tuli identobis erT-erTi

pirveli nimuSi swored sasuliero

wreebs ukavSirdeba,

_ vgulisxmob cnobil citatas

giorgi merCuledan. qar-

Tuli aq sarwmunoebis anu

kulturis enaa iseve, rogorc

berZnuli an laTinuri. RvTis

winaSe rCeulobis gacnobierebis

fonze xdeba enis mniS-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


vnelobis aRiarebac. swored

msaxurebis ena xdeba rCeuli

eris ena.

afxazebs, svanebs da megrelebs

sakuTari enebic hqondaT, magram

maT, umetes wilad warCinebulebma,

icodnen qarTulic,

radgan sarwmunoebiT da

wigniT qarTvelebi iyvnen.

vaxuSti batoniSvilisTvis saqarTvelos

erTianobis mesame

da garkveuli azriT umniSvnelovanesi

safuZvelia bagrationebis

samefo dinastia.

rCeuli xalxis qmnadobis idea

ar izRudeboda ama Tu im eTnosiT.

misi sazRvrebis gafar-

Toeba mxolod Zalauflebis

SesaZleblobasTan iyo dakav-

Sirebuli. qarTveli iyo da

iqneboda is, vinc miiRebda

qarTul sjuls, Sesabamisad,

eqneboda qarTuli wigni da

iqneboda bagrationTa

dinastiis qveSevrdomi.

amdenad, SegviZlia vTqvaT,

rom Sua saukuneebSi, Sesabamisad,

axal dromde, qar-

Tveli warmoadgens ara erovnul,

aramed sarwmunoebriv

identobas. qarTlelebi,

imerelebi, kaxelebi, mesxebi,

megrelebi, svanebi da

sxvebi ara erovnebiT, aramed

sarwmunoebiT, rjuliT

qarTvelebi iyvnen.

sarwmunoebrivi identoba SeiZleba

safuZveli iyos erovnuli

identobisa, magram erovnuli

da sarwmunoebrivi identoba

ar aris erTi da igive

movlena. sarwmunoebiT qarTveli

da erovnebiT qarTveli

gansxvavebuli konstruqciis

fenomenebia. Sua saukuneebSi

upiratesoba eniWeba sarwmunoebriv

identobas, Sesabamisad,

erovnuli identoba axal

dromde, ubralod, ar mniSvnelobs.

axali dro saqarTvelosTvis

XIX saukuneSi, ufro zustad ki

ilia WavWavaZis moRvaweobiT

iwyeba. qarTuli erovnuli

cnobierebis CamoyalibebaSi

ilia WavWavaZis mniSvnelobis

gasacnobiereblad gavixsenebdi

mis mier 1886 wels daweril

werils `irlandia da inglisi~

3 . ilia WavWavaZe aRniSnavda,

rom 1852 wlis Semdeg napoleon

III-is TaosnobiT politikaSi

wamoiwia egreTwodebulma

erovnobam `nacionalobam~,

gvartomobam erisam.

es nacionaloba zogan ZleviT

Seimosa: italiaSi italia gaaerTa,

germaniaSi _ germania

da am saxiT daqsaqsul ers er-

Tis gvartomisas erTad mouyara

Tavi TavTavis adgilas~ 4 .

es nawyveti imdenadaa mniSvnelovani,

ramdenadac cxadad

warmoaCens, rom ilia WavWavaZis

moRvaweoba ar yofila

ubralod Tavis mamulze Seyvarebuli

meamboxe Tavadis

ganwiruli suliskveTebis

gamovlena. es iyo Tanamedrove,

Semmecnebeli adamianis

cnobieri proeqti. ilia Wav-

WavaZis brZola ar yofila

brZola warsulis aRsadgenad

(samyaro, romelSic arsebobda

saqarTvelos samefo, warsuls

Cabarda). es iyo brZola

im momavlis Sesaqmnelad, romelsac

ruseTis imperia warsulad

unda gadaeqcia. gan-

Tavisufleba SesaZlebeli iyo

mxolod Tanamedrove samyaros

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

31

solidaroba

principebis gacnobierebis

safuZvelze, sakuTar sivrceSi

axali drois damkvidrebiT.

ilia acnobierebda, rom mecxramete

saukunemde erovnulobis

idea ar aerTianebs er-

Tis gvartomis ers. erovnebis

idea, nacionaluri idea relevanturi

mxolod mecxramete

saukuneSi xdeba. eri Tanamedrove

politikur erTobas

warmoadgenda, Sesa-bamisad,

mas momavalic hqonda.

nacionaluri idea, eri im axal

sasicocxlo sivrces warmoadgenda,

sadac SesaZlebeli

iyo Zveli saunjis ganTavseba.

ilia ayalibebs qarTuli identobis

sam niSans _ mamuli,

ena, sarwmunoeba, rac sakmaod

axloa vaxuStiseul identobis

niSnebTan: sarwmunoeba,

ena, mefe. erTi SexedviT, ori

niSani TiTqos ucvlelia, gansxvaveba

ki is aris, rom mefe

Secvala mamulma. anu is, rac

mefis pasuxismgeblobis qveS

iyo da razedac vrceldeboda

misi uflebebi, qarTveli

xalxis pasuxismgeblobaSi gadavida.

samefoSi xalxs mamulze

araviTari ufleba ar aqvs,

Sesabamisad, arc pasuxismgebloba

gaaCnia. glexi pasuxismgebeli

iyo sakuTari Tavadisa

da mere mefis winaSe. Tavadi

sakuTari mamulisa da mefis

winaSe. mxolod mefe iyo

pasuxismgebeli RmerTis

winaSe mTel samflobeloze.

erekle mefis gardacvalebis

asi wlisTavisadmi miZRvnil

werilSi ilia gaixsenebs

xalxur leqss: `ver gaigiTa,

qarTvelno, SegexsnaT rkinis

karia, aRar gyavT mefe erekle,

bagrationTa gvaria~ 5 . mefis

simbolo aq mniSvnelovania.


#1(28)

mefis sikvdilis Semdeg moxda

misi mamulSi gansxeuleba,

mamulSi, romelic memkvidreobad

ergo xalxs. swored amaSi

vlindeba emansipaciis procesi.

saeklesio da saero Zalauflebis

gamijvna SeuZlebelia

Sua saukuneebis tipis saxelmwifos

_ samefos _ pirobeb-

Si. Sua saukuneebSi saeklesio

da saero Zalauflebis gayofa

ar arsebobda. radgan, vTqvaT,

papi da imperatori ki ar iyvnen

warmomadgenlebi erTi

mxriv sasuliero, xolo

meore mxriv saero samyaro

wesrigisa, aramed oriveni

gansxvavebuli msaxurebi iyvnen

erT eclesia-Si... imperatoric

iseve RvTivkurTxeuli

iyo, rogorc papi: isini religiur-politikur

erTobaSi

cxovrobdnen. Sua saukuneebis

saxelmwifo qmnida religiurpolitikuri

erTobis samyaros,

sadac saerosTvis adgili ar

rCeboda. mefis winaaRmdeg

brZoliT iwyeba am religiurpolitikuri

erTobis daSla

da saero sivrcis warmoSoba.

Camogdebuli mefe ukve amovardniliasasuliero-sakraluri

sivrcidan, is aRar aris

RvTivkurTxeuli, aramed sxva

morwmuneTa msgavsad ubralo

profani xdeba. am mxriv revolucia

iyo mefobis institutis

desakralizeba. sekularizaciis

am procesma Seqmna

politika, rogorc saero sivrcis

nawili.

saqarTvelos istoriaSi am

mxriv sainteresoa is, rom ruseTis

mier saqarTvelos taxtis

gauqmebis Semdeg, qveynis

bedze erTaderTi pasuxismgebeli

gaxda qarTveli xalxi.

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

Sesabamisad, gaCnda SesaZlebloba,

politika gadaqceuliyo

saero sivrced. erTi mxriv,

es ar iyo amboxis Sedegad

Tavad xalxis mier mopovebuli

sivrce, magram es iyo memkvidreoba,

romelic qmnida

amboxis safuZvels momavalSi.

mefis saflavi yvela SemTxvevaSi

Tanamedrove naciebis

preistoriaa.

meore gansxvaveba isaa, rom,

Tumca sarwmunoeba identobis

ucvleli niSania, igi aRar

aris enisa da mamulis mniSvnelobis

legitimaciis safuZveli

maSin, rodesac vaxuStisTan

mefesac da enasac

mniSvnelobas swored sarwmunoeba

sZenda. iliasTan literaturuli,

desakralizebuli

ena xdeba saqarTvelos erTianobis

safuZveli da simbolo.

rac Seexeba sarwmunoebas, mas,

garda wminda religiurisa,

sxva mniSvnelobac aqvs: sarwmunoebas

ukavSirdeba ilias-

Tvis da saerTod axali droisTvis

erTob mniSvnelovani

fenomeni _ warsuli, istoria.

eri ibadeba sakuTari warsulis

gacnobierebiT. istoria

swored sakuTari warsulis

gacnobierebas, Sesabamisad

ganaxlebas _ da ara warsulSi

darCenas _ gulisxmobs.

qristianoba qarTveli eris

warsulis umniSvnelovanesi

msazRvrelia. sarwmunoebiT

qarTvelis sekularizaciiT

ibadeba qarTveli eri. sainteresoa,

rom swored mahmadiani

qarTvelebis problemis

ganxilvisas ilia aRniSnavs:

`Cveni fiqriT, arc er-

Toba enisa, arc erToba

sarwmunoebisa da gvartomo-

32

}'vh'mksr

bisa ise ar SeamsWvalebs

xolme adamians erTmaneTTan,

rogorc erToba istoriisa~.

Tanamedrove erebis CamoyalibebaSi

mefis figuris desakralizebis

Semdeg, sekularizaciis

meore Sre evropaSi

mravalwlian religiur omebs

ukavSirdeba. Sesabamisad, aqtualuri

xdeboda sakiTxi,

Tu rogor aris SesaZlebeli

sxvadasxva konfesiebis Tanaarseboba

erTian politikur

sivrceSi. religiuri polisis

idea gzas uRobavda tolerantobis

ideas. religiuri

omebi amavdroulad politikuri

omebi iyo, sadac gamarjvebuli

afuZnebda WeSmaritebas.

gamosavali mxolod

erTi iyo: politika unda

ganTavisuflebuliyo da

konfesiur mikuTvnebulobaze

maRla damdgariyo. bokenfordi

SeniSnavs, rom henrix

IV navarelis mier kaTolikobis

miReba es aRar iyo `WeSmariti

religiis gamarjveba~,

rogorc es garegnulad moCanda,

aramed es politikis

gamarjveba iyo. sainteresoa,

rom swored am aqtis Semdeg

moaxerxa henrix IV navarelma

nantis ediqtis (1598 w.) safuZvelze

hugenotebisaTvis gansakuTrebuli

uflebebis mini-

Weba.

yoveli rwmenis safuZveli aris

Tavisufali arCevani. ar arsebobs

rwmena rwmenis Tavisuflebis

gareSe. Sesabamisad,

imisaTvis, rom rwmenis principebi

iyos daculi, saxelmwifoSi

unda arsebobdes

rwmena, ufro zustad, morwmunes

unda hqondes saxelmwifoSi

cxovrebis SesaZleb-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


loba, Tavad saxelmwifo unda

iyos neitraluri, anu gamijnuli

eklesiisgan. sainteresoa,

rom hegeli sekularizaciis

process afasebda, rogorc

gamocxadebis ideis

ganxorcielebas.

aq mniSvnelovania gavixsenoT

saxelmwifos hobsiseuli koncefciac.

saxelmwifos saqme

araa WeSmaritebis garkveva.

man unda izrunos adamianis

usafrTxoebasa da mSvidobaze.

sainteresoa, rom Tanamedrove

saxelmwifos bazisia

adamiani rogorc adamiani,

misi bunebrivi, utilitaruli

moTxovnilebebiT.

ilias gacnobierebuli hqonda

Tanamedrove eris CamoyalibebaSi

tolerantobis ideis

mniSvneloba, radgan mas esmoda,

rom erovnuli identoba

gansxvavdeba religiuri

identobisagan. werilSi `osmalos

saqarTvelo~-is wers:

`sarwmunoebis sxva-da-sxvaoba

Cven ar gvaSinebs. qarTvelma,

Tavisis sarwmunoebisaTvis

jvarcmulma, icis pativi

sxvis sarwmunoebisac... ar

gvaSinebs meTqi Cven is garemoeba,

rom Cven Zmebs, osmalos

saqarTveloSi mcxovreb-

Ta, dRes mahmadianis sarwmunoeba

uWiravT, oRond movides

kvlav is bednieri dRe,

rom Cven erTmaneTs kidev

SevuerTdeT, erTmaneTi

viZmoT, da qarTveli, Cvenda

sasiqadulod, kvlav daumtkicebs

qveyanasa, rom igi ar

erCis adamianis sindiss~ 6 .

arc vici, am sityvebis ganmarteba

Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi

saWiro aris Tu ara.

vinc sakuTari nebis Tavisuflebis

fasi icis, visac saku-

Tari rwmena daucavs, ar er-

Cis sxva adamianis sindiss.

Cveni istoriis mqone xalxs

TiTqos marTla ar unda hqondes

am mxriv problema, magram

rodesac amas vambobT, viviwyebT

uaxles istorias. dRes

bevri fiqrobs da ambobs, rom

Cven erT-erT yvelaze morwmune

sazogadoebas warmovadgenT.

albaT gvaviwydeba, rom

sul raRac TxuTmetiode wlis

win msoflioSi ara mxolod

yvelaze urwmuno, aramed

mebrZoli aTeistebis sazogadoebis

nawils warmovadgendiT.

araerTi Taoba gaizarda,

romelsac ar uzrunia

rwmenis TavisuflebisaTvis

da romelic erCoda sxvis

sindiss. albaT, droa cudi

Cvevebisgan gavTavisufldeT.

mamulis, enisa da sarwmunoebis

sekularizaciiT ibadeba

Tanamedrove qarTveli eri,

Sesabamisad am desakralizebuli

sivrcis dacva Cvens

nacionalur interess warmoadgens.

da bolos, kvlav ilia WavWavaZis

Sesaxeb _ sakralizacia

kacisa, romelmac desakralizebuli

sivrce Seqmna, rbilad

rom vTqvaT, komikuria,

es paradoqsia da rac yvelaze

ucnauria, aris masSi mowameobis

elementi (marTali giTxraT,

arc warmomidgenia da

arc maxsendeba sxva ganmanaTleblis

kanonizebis SemTxveva),

magram ara var arc paradoqsebis

(radgan is vnebaa

azrovnebisTvis), arc komediis

winaaRmdegi, radgan aris

masSi raRac RvTaebrivi.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

33

solidaroba

ilia WavWavaZe SesaZlebloba

iyo sarwmunoebiT qarTvel-

TaTvis, qarTvel erad dabadebuliyo;

rogorc wmindani

ki, SesaZleblobaa sabWoeTgamovlili

qarTuli eklesiis-

Tvis, Tavidan daibados. da

rac yvelaze ucnauria _ am

SesaZleblobebs ara aqvT alternativa.

SeniSvnebi:

1 Max Weber; Gesammelte Aufsätze zur

Religionsoziologie; Die protestantischen

Sekten und der Geist der Kapitalismus;

Tübingen 1920; gv.207; veberi Tavis

gamokvlevebSi eyrdnoba amerikis

SeerTebul StatebSi 1906 wels

Catarebul sxvadasxva konfesiaTa

kvlevis monacemebs. morwmuneTa

ricxvi da aRmsarebloba

gansakuTrebul rols TamaSobs

miuxedavad imisa, rom amerikis

SeerTebulma Statebma

garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi

imdenad mkacrad gaatara

saxelmwifosa da eklesiis

gamijvnis principi, rom ar

arsebobs konfesiebis

oficialuri statistikac ki,

radgan is, rom saxelmwifos

moqalaqeebi mxolod maTi

aRmsareblobis mixedviT daekiTxa,

arakanonierad aRiqmeboda.

2 samagaliTod gavixsenebdi im dros,

rodesac kazakebma Zveli samxedro

formebiT siaruli da samxedro

formirebebis Seqmna daiwyes. iyo

ltolva, rom dabrunebodnen

TavianT mama-papaTa cxovrebis

wess, Sedegad ruseTis

xelisuflebam es TiTqosda

ukontrolo formirebebi

saomrad gamouSva afxazeTSi.

3 ilia WavWavaZe; TxzulebaTa

sruli krebuli aT tomad, t. 9,

195, gv. 9.

4 iqve.

5 ilia WavWavaZe, TxzulebaTa

sruli krebuli aT tomad, t. 4,

1955, gv. 267.

6 ilia WavWavaZe, TxzulebaTa

sruli krebuli aT tomad, t. 4,

1955, gv. 13.


#1(28)

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

erTi iluziis

istoria

zaal andronikaSvili

saqarTvelo Tavis geopolitikur

adgils evropul, evroatlantikur

sivrceSi xedavs

da ara evraziul an postsab-

WoTa sivrceSi. geopolitikurma

arCevanma, romelic saqarTvelos

damoukideblobis

Semdeg gakeTda, Sesabamisi

politikuri forma ver Sei-

Zina. vardebis revoluciis

politikuri da ekonomikuri

reformebis nawili swored am

formis Seqmnisken iyo mimar-

Tuli (ekonomikuri kanonmdeblobis

liberalizacia,

ganaTlebisa da policiis reforma,

energetikuli problemebis

daZleva, korufciis

gaZeveba yofiTi sferodan,

infrastruqturuli reformebis

dawyeba). saqarTvelo

saxelmwifo gaxda, oRond

saxelmwifo, romelic jer

kidev Zalian Sorsaa Tavisi

34

}'vh'mksr

geopolitikuri arCevanis

adekvaturi politikuri

formisagan. am formis povna

gacilebiT ufro rTuli da

Sromatevadi aRmoCnda, vidre

2003 wlis noemberSi eCvenebodaT

„revolucionerebsac”

da saqarTvelos moqalaqeebsac.

postrevoluciuri xelisuflebis

erT-erTi mTavari

Secdoma saxelmwifos

ideis uxeiro ideologiiT

Canacvleba iyo (ise, kacma

rom Tqvas, alternatiuli

modelis SemoTavazebiT aravis

Seuwuxebia Tavi), romelic

saboloo jamSi politikuri

formis CamoyalibebisaTvis

kontrproduqtiuli

gamodga.

postrevoluciuri saqarTvelo

mniSvnelovanwilad uaryofas

emyareba: is, rac ar

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


unda iyos postrevoluciuri

sqarTvelo, SevardnaZis saqarTveloa.

SevardnaZis saqar-

Tvelos „implicituri filosofiis~

gasaRebi sityva „stabiluroba~

iyo. stabiluroba

„socialuri SekveTa~ iyo oTxmocdaaTiani

wlebis damdegs,

magram SevardnaZem imdeni moaxerxa,

rom stabilurobis idea

srul absurdamde da saboloo

jamSi mis srul winaaRmdegobamde

_ ufro avad, vidre kargad

marTul qaosamde _ miiyvana.

saqarTvelos prezidenti

mixeil saakaSvili erT-erT

adreul gamosvlaSi Tavisi

winamorbedisa da politikuri

naTliis saxelmwifos ase axasiaTebda:

„arSemdgari, dezintegrirebuli,RirsebaSelaxuli

da sruliad demoralizebuli~,

saxelmwifo, `romelsac

dakarguli hqonda

saxelmwifoebriobis yvela

atributi~, saxelmwifo, sadac

`batonobda korufcia, dausjeloba

da ukanonoba~, saxelmwifo,

`romelsac ar gaaCnda

biujeti da ar sruldeboda

moqalaqeTa winaSe aRebuli

arcerTi socialuri valdebuleba,

qveyana, sadac adamianis

uflebebi fexqveS iTeleboda~.

es iyo `Tavdacvisuunaro~

saxelmwifo, `romelsac

saerTaSoriso avtoriteti

Selaxuli, orientiri ki

dakarguli hqonda, ar gaaCnda

erovnuli ideologia da

pativs aRaravin scemda. dakarguli

hqonda imis unaric,

rom mizani hqonoda~.

postrevoluciuri saxelmwifo

SevardnaZis saxelmwifos

`antonimia~, anu aqvs (an unda

hqondes) yvela is atributi,

romelic SevardnaZis saqarT-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

35

solidaroba

velos ar hqonia, hyavs SedarebiT

arakorumpirebuli da

efeqturi saxelmwifo aparati,

policia, jari, Tadacvisunariania,

asrulebs moqalaqeTa

winaSe aRebul socialur

valdebulebebs da yovelive

amis gamo aqvs saerTaSoriso

avtoriteti. CamoTvlili

krituriumebi estoneTs da,

vTqvaT, venesuelas erTnairad

miesadageba. erT SemTxvevaSi

Seumdgar saxelmwifos

vxedavT, meore SemTxvevaSi ki

_ saxelmwifos. saqme isaa, rogori

unda iyos es saxelmwifo?

rogori unda iyos

saxelmwifo?

SekiTxvaze, rogori unda

iyos postrevoluciuri

saqarTvelo, misma politi-


#1(28)

kurma elitam (mmarTvelma

partiam da prezidentma)

aseTi pasuxi gasca: saqarTvelo

unda iyos `Zlieri

saxelmwifo~.

sityva `Zlieri~ uwinares

yovlisa qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobis

tradiciul sisustes

exmaureba da simbolurad,

ritorikulad da

praqtikulad am sisustis

daZlevas cdilobs. vardebis

revoluciis Semdeg saqarTvelos

saxelmwifo simbolika

Seicvala. Tuki adre saqarTvelo,

simbolikiT Tu vimsjelebT,

Tavs 1918-21 wlebis

social-demokratiuli respublikis

memkvidred Tvlida,

postrevoluciurma saqarTvelom

am memkvidreobaze uari

ganacxada. es uari erTi mxriv

pirveli respublikis marcxisagan,

meore mxriv ki misi

memarcxeneobisagan distancirebas

gulisxmobs. (qarTuli

politikuri istebliSmentis

TiTqmis religiuri memarjveneoba,

rogorc Cans, memarjveneobis

da gamarjvebis da

memarcxeneobis da marcxis

semantikuri kavSiridan

gamomdinareobs).

`Zala~ saqarTvelos gerbSi

orjer aris `Cawerili~. saqar-

Tvelos gerbis devizi `Zala

erTobaSia” am Zalis wyaroze

migvaniSnebs (gaTiSuli ar

Seileba iyos Zlieri). am mxriv

devizi saqarTvelos istoriidan

gamotanil erTgvar

formulad qceul daskvnas

warmoadgens. gerbze gamosaxuli

gvirgvini ki (romelic

demokratiuli saxelmwifosaTvis,

cota ar iyos, uadgiloa),

Zalas da suverenitets

erTmaneTTan aigivebs (susti

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

ver iqneba suverenuli anu

suvereniteti aris Zala). er-

TobliobaSi ki saqarTvelos

gerbi aseT formulas gvTavazobs:

rom iyo suverenuli,

unda iyo Zlieri, rom iyo

Zlieri, unda iyo erTiani.

saqarTvelos gerbi bagrationebis

gerbis modifikacias

warmoadgens. postrevoluciuri

saqarTvelo Tavis winamorbed

`Zlier~ saxelmwifos

Sua saukuneebis saqarTvelo-

Si, ufro sworad ki daviT

aRmaSeneblis saqarTveloSi

eZebs da poulobs. postrevoluciuri

saqarTvelos ideologebis

friad martivi istoriuli

azrovneba rom aRvweroT,

gamova, rom daviT aRmaSeneblis

saqarTvelo Zlieri

iyo imitom, rom erTiani

iyo. am istoriuli paradigmis

mixedviT, erToba Zalis sawindaria,

magram, meore mxriv,

erToba ZaliT miiRweva. postrevoluciuri

saqarTvelo

gamogonili istoriuli aporiis

tyveobaSi imyofeba da

aqedan gamomdinare kanonis

sivrceSi Zalis lokalizaciis

sirTuleebs ganicdis.

maS saidan modis Zala?

vin aris suvereni?

fraza „Cven Zlier saxelmwifos

vaSenebT~ 2004-2007 wlebis

gamosvlebSi xSirad meordeba.

`saqarTvelos aqvs Sansi~,

ambobda saqarTvelos prezidenti

2006 wlis maisSi,

`kvlav Zlieri saxelmwifo

gaxdes, rogoric iyo adre (es

`adre~ swored daviT aRmaSeneblis

epoqas gulisxmobs. _

z. a.), romliTac Cveni Svilebi

iamayeben da romelic mezob-

36

}'vh'mksr

lebis aRfrTovanebis obieqti

gaxdeba~ (albaT swored am

aRfrTovanebas gamoxataven

Cveni politikosebi formuliT

`saqarTvelo gabrwyindeba~).

2007 wlis oqtomberSi

ki prezidenti saakaSvili amtkicebda,

saqarTvelo ise Zlieri

arasodes yofila, rogorc

dRes ariso. `Cven gvyavs

asobiT aTasi rezervisti da

saukeTesod momzadebuli profesiuli

jari, gvyavs welSi

gamarTuli policia, gvaqvs

Zlieri saxelmwifo aparati;

rac mTavaria, izrdeba Cveni

ekonomika, vviTardebiT da

fexze vdgebiT~. am gamonaTqvamebidan

rame saerTo azri

rom gamovitanoT, gamova, rom

Zliereba aris jari, policia

da saxelmwifo aparati. (ekonomikuri

siZliere ar igulisxmeba

imitom, rom jer

`fexze vdgebiT~, magram samagierod,

saxelmwifo aparatis

da `Zalovani struqturebis~

kuTxiT ukve fexze davdeqiT).

saakaSvilis gagebiT Zlieri

saxelmwifo aris saxelmwifo,

romelsac Zlieri aRmasrulebeli

xelisufleba hyavs.

garkveulwilad saqarTvelo-

Si (qveynis prezidentis ritorikas

Tu seriozulad miviRebT)

saxelmwifos da

(aRmasrulebeli) xelisuflebis

gaigiveba xdeba. amgvar

azrovnebas ki suverenitetis

absolutistur gagebasTan

mivyavarT (rac gasakviri araa,

`mSenebare~ saxelmwifos istoriul

models Tu gaviTvaliswinebT).

prezidentis ritorikidan

gamomdinare, saqar-

Tvelos gerbSi Cawerili formulis

koreqtireba xdeba:

suverenis adgils aRmasrulebeli

xelisufleba ikavebs,

romelic Zalis da (qarTuli

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


gagebiT) suverenitetis wyaro

xdeba. swored aRmasrulebelma

xelisuflebam unda

Seqmnas ZaliT erToba, romelic,

Tavis mxriv, Semdgom dialeqtikur

safexurze Zlierebis

wyaro gaxdeba. anu Zalis

pirveladi matarebeli

da wyaro swored aRmasrulebeli

xelisuflebaa da ara

xalxi.

sagangebo mdgomareoba

instrumenti, romelic erTi

mxriv aRmasrulebel xelisuflebas

Zalas aniWebs, meore

mxriv ki erTobas qmnis, sagangebo

mdgomareobaa. vardebis

revoluciis Semdeg saqarTvelo

gamoucxadebeli sagangebo

mdgomareobis reJimSi

cxovrobda, romelic Riad

orjer, 2007 wlis noemberSi

da 2008 wlis agvistoSi, dafiqsirda.

sagangebo mdgomareobis

reJimSi imitom vcxovrobT,

rom aq da axla mimdinareobs

saboloo da gadamwyveti

brZola saqarTvelos namdvili

da sruli damoukideblobisaTvis,

brZola _ imperiul

urCxulTan qveynis gareT

da mis mexuTe kolonas-

Tan qveynis SigniT (mixeil saakaSvilis

gancxadebiT rusuli

imperializmi swored saqarTveloSi

unda dasamardes).

rusuli safrTxis ignorirebas

an misi mniSvnelobis

dakninebas sruliadac ar

vapireb. am safrTxeze albaT

saxelmwifo moxeleebs ukeT

unda efiqraT (Tavdacvis ministris

yofilma moadgilem,

baTu quTeliam, avstriuli

`standartisaTvis~ micemul

iterviuSi aRiara, Cven

rusuli agresiisaTvis mzad

ar viyaviTo). igulisxmeba ara

realuri rusuli safrTxe

(romlisTvisac misi `gardauvalobis~

miuxedavad xelisufleba

mzad ar aRmoCnda),

aramed rusul imperializmTan

saboloo da gadamwyveti brZola

(borotebasTan sikeTis

brZola), rac legitimaciis

TiTqmis universaluri principi

gaxda. italieli filosofosis

jorjo agambenis ganmartebiT,

`sagangebo mdgomareoba

aris kanonis gareSe

sivrce, sadac Zala kanonis

gareSe moqmedebs~. sagangebo

mdgomareobaSi ara xelisuflebis,

aramed `sufTa~ Zalis

manifestacia xdeba, romelsac

germaneli filosofosi

valter beniamini Zalauflebas

(waltende Gewalt), mbrZanebel

an suverenul Zalas uwodebda.

post-revoluciur

saqarTveloSi `Zalis~ ritorikas,

simbolikas da praqtikas

swored xelis-uflebis

Zala-uflebiT Canacvlebis

mniSvneloba aqvs. ar aris

gasakviri, rom es `Zalaufleba~

kanonis uzenaesobis

princips yovel nabijze ewinaaRmdegeba.

swored sagangebo mdgomareoba

gviCvenebs, vin aris suvereni:

germanel iurist karl

Smits Tu davujerebT, `suverenia

is, vinc gadawyvetilebas

iRebs sagangebo mdgomareobis

Sesaxeb~.

kvaziesqatologiuri ritorika,

romelic gamoucxadebel

sagangebo mdgomareobas mar-

Tvis principad aqcevs, demokratiuli

konstituciis pirobebSi

suverenis poziciis miTvisebis,

Zalis kanonis CarCoebidan

gamoyvanis, Zala-uflebis

propagirebuli erTobis

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

37

solidaroba

meSveobiT `dakanonebis~ saSualebaa.

fraza `Cven erTad unda

vidgeT~ imas niSnavs, rom

xalxi unda uWerdes mxars

xelisuflebas, da ara imas,

rom xelisufleba moemsaxuros

moqalaqeTa interesebs.

swored es daskvna gamoitana

mixeil saakaSvilma 7 noembris

`gakveTilidan~: prezidentis

azriT, yvelaze didi

faseuloba erTianobaa, romelic

saWiroa, `Tu Cven gvinda

gvqondes demokratiuli

sazogadoeba~. demokratiis

es, erTi SexedviT, ucnauri

gageba logikuri gaxdeba, Tu

gavixsenebT, rom prezidentsa

da aRmasrulebel xelisuflebas

xalxis `mxardaWera~

Tavisi Zala-uflebis dasakanoneblad

sWirdeba. prezidentis

gamonaTqvami or azrs Seicavs:

a) demokratias Cven garda

veravin aaSenebs, amitom

jobia, rasac ar unda vakeTebdeT,

mxari dagviWiroT; b) jer

mxardaWera da mere demokratia.

anu prioriteti Zlieri

saxelmwifos aSenebaa, demokratiaze

ki Semdeg vifiqroT.

kanon-gareSe Zala

raSi sWirdeba xelisuflebas

kanon-gareSe Zala? `Zala~ xelisuflebas

imperiul urCxul-

Tan brZolisaTvis da am

brZolaSi gamarjvebis Semdeg

sikeTis idealuri saxelmwifos,

`gabrwyinebuli saqarTvelos~,

asaSeneblad sWirdeba

(Zneli saTqmelia, demokratiuli

iqneba Tu ara gabrwyinebuli

saqarTvelo, magram,

mmarTveli partiis ritorikidan

gamomdinare, gabrwyineba

demokratiulobasac

unda gulisxmobdes). postre-


#1(28)

voluciuri saqarTvelos xelisuflebis

warmodgena saxelmwifos

Sesaxeb marqsisa

da gamsaxuridas Sexeduleba-

Ta hibrids warmoadgens: marqsis

imitom, rom `Zalis~ gamoyenebis

idea dedamiwaze samoTxis

asaSeneblad swored

marqss ekuTvnis, gamsaxurdiasi

ki imitom, rom politikuri

mesianizmi Tanamedrove

saqarTvelos swored filologma

prezidentma uanderZa.

samwuxaroa, Tuki xelisuflebas

gulwrfelad sjera

Tavisi mesianisturi ideologiis,

da kidev ufro samwuxaroa,

Tu am ideologias xelisuflebis

Zala-uflebiT Canacvlebisa

da am Zala-uflebis

SenarCunebisaTvis iyenebs;

samwuxaroa, im SemTxvevaSic,

Tuki xelisuflebis keTil

ganzraxvebSi eWvi ar Segvepareba.

es imitom, rom, rogorc

erTi Wkviani kaci ityoda, jojoxeTis

gza keTili ganzraxvebiT

aris mokirwyluli.

erTi iluziis istoria

Zlieri saxelmwifos idea

orjer waawyda Tavis sazRvrebs.

paradoqsulad es orivejer

maSin moxda, rodesac

sagangebo mdgomareoba Riad

gamocxadda. 2007 wlis noemberSi

sagangebo mdgomareobis

gamocxadebam dasavle-

Tis mZafri kritika gamoiwvia.

qarTuli demokratiis saer-

TaSoriso krediti Semcirda.

xelisufleba iZulebuli gaxda

Secdoma eRiarebina. `Zlieri

saxelmwifos~ ideam meore

dartyma ruseTTan omis dros

miiRo. rogorc saqarTvelos

prezidenti ganmartavda, sa-

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

qarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis

amocana rusuli agresiis

ramdenime dRiT SeCereba

iyo, sanam saqmeSi `dasavleTi~

Caereoda da ruseTs sabolood

SeaCerebda. unda daveTanxmoT

prezidents imaSi, rom

saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli

Zalebi ruseTisas ver gaumklavdeba.

Tu 2007 wels gada-

Warbebis `uprecedento~ niWiT

dajildoebul prezidents

egona, rom saqarTvelo arasodes

yofila aseTi Zlieri,

2008 wlis agvistom am Zlierebis

realuri sazRvrebi

gamoaCina. es Zala sakuTari

suverenitetis dasacavad (dasavleTis

mxardaWeris gareSe)

sakmarisi ar aRmoCnda. yvelaze

savalalo ki moqalaqeebis

mimarT xelisuflebis damokidebuleba

iyo. saqarTvelos

parlamentis Tavmjdomarem

daviT baqraZem upasuxismgeblod

mouwoda saqarTvelos

moqalaqeebs, yvela arsebuli

saSualebiT gaewiaT winaaRmdegoba

rusuli jarisaTvis.

baqraZis gancxadeba gviCvenebs,

rom xelisuflebam Tavisi

erT-erTi funqcia, qveynis

Tavdacva, saqarTvelos

mSvidobian mosaxleobas gadaabara.

aranakleb upasuxismgeblo

iyo yofili samxreT

oseTis qarTuli soflebis

mosaxleobis bedis anabarad

mitoveba. mmarTveli partiis

oficialur pirTa ganmartebas

Tu davujerebT, mosaxleobis

evakuacia ar momxdara

imitom, rom xelisuflebas ar

surda Tavisi mosaxleoba

Tavisive xeliT ltolvilebad

eqcia. am SemTxvevaSic aRmasrulebeli

xelisuflebis

`prestiJi~ (sakuTari mosaxleobis

ltolvilebad qceva

38

}'vh'mksr

aravin dagvabraloso) ufro

mniSvnelovani aRmoCnda, vidre

saqarTvelos moqalaqeebis

sicocxle da usafrTxoeba.

mixeil saakaSvili da misi gundi

ambobs, rom `dasavluri~

saxelmwifos aSeneba unda da

daviT aRmaSeneblis saxelmwifos

gulisxmobs (konstantine

gamsaxurdias romanze

dayrdnobiT), magram sul sxva

ram ki gamosdis. saqarTvelos

prezidents hgonia, rom saqar-

Tvelos moqalaqe iamayebs Tavisi

qveyniT, xolo saqarTvelos

mezobeli misiT `aRfr-

Tovandeba~ _ ara Cveni saxelmwifosa

da misi moqalaqeebis

ekonomikuri keTildReobis,

ganaTlebis, mecnierebis, kulturis,

cxovrebis donis, aramed

`Zalovani struqturebis~

siZlieris gamo. amgvari midgoma

ki saqarTvelos yofil

sabWoTa kavSirTan da dRevandel

ruseTTan ufro aaxloebs,

vidre romelime evropul

saxelmwifosTan. swored sab-

WoTa an Tanamedrove rus patriots

SeuZlia Tvali daxuWos

sakuTar socialur Tu uflebriv

problemebze da iamayos

jaris sididiT an birTvuli

raketebis raodenobiT.

`Zalis~ ritorika erTi mxriv,

meore mxriv ki aRmasrulebeli

xelisuflebis uunaroba

krizisul situaciaSi Seasrulos

valdebulebebi qveynis

moqalaqeebis winaSe, gviCvenebs,

Tu ra models eyrdnoba

`Zalis~ filosofiaze agebuli

saxelmwifo. postrevoluciuri

saqarTvelo jer isev

postsabWoTa saqarTveloa _

saxelmwifo, romelic faqtobrivad

zedmetad Zlier,

magram krizisul situaciebSi

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


naklebad efeqtur saxelmwifo

aparatTan aris gaigivebuli,

saxelmwifo, sadac saxelmwifo

aparati moqalaqeze maRla

dgas, saxelmwifo, sadac

moqalaqeebi arseboben saxelmwifosTvis

da ara saxelmwifo

_ moqalaqeebisTvis.

mmarTveli partiis warmomadgenlebi

xSirad imeoreben,

rom Secdomas is ar uSvebs,

vinc arafers akeTebs. saku-

Tari Secdomebis aRiareba da

am Secdomebis wyaros sworad

Sefasebis unari arc prezidents

da arc mmarTveli partiis

warmomadgenlebs aqamde

ar gamouCeniaT. Secdomebis

gamosworeba dResac SeiZleba.

savaraudod, am Secdomebis

gamosworebis potenciali

nacionalur moZraobas ufro

aqvs, vidre opoziciuri partiebis

umravlesobas (respublikelebs

Tu ar CavTvliT),

radganac mmarTvel partiaSi

iseTi xalxi mainc moiZebneba,

Tanamedrove saxelmwifoze

warmodgena rom aqvs, opozicionerTa

umravlesoba ki konstituciuri

monarqiis ideas

da religiurad Seferil nacionalizms

ver gascdenia. samwuxaroa,

rom demokratiuli

parolebiT mosulma xelisuflebamac

saWirod CaTvala

opoziciisaTvis swored nacionalisturi

ideologiis

frontze gaewia konkurencia.

imis magivrad, rom demokratiuli

reformebi gaegrZelebina

da kanonis uzenaesoba

daemkvidrebina, xelisuflebam

ukmayofilo mosaxleobis

ura-patriotizmis da daumsaxurebeli

siamayis satyuaraTi

damSvideba gadawyvita.

nebismier SemTxvevaSi, Sec-

domebis gamosworebisaTvis

sazogadoebam da politikosebma

Tavidan unda dasvan

SekiTxva: rogori unda iyos

Tanamedrove qarTuli saxelmwifo?

dRes ki ukve viciT,

rogori ar unda iyos am saxelmwifos

filosofia: arc SevardnaZiseuli

`stabiluroba~,

magram arc Sua saukuneebis

modelze agebuli `Zliereba~,

radganac orive modeli isev

sabWoTa paradigmebis tyveobaSi

gvabrunebs.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

39

solidaroba


#1(28)

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

ZeglebiT

arCil qiqoZe

_ tyviebi ro gagviTavda,

Cvenc da germanelebsac, daverieT

erTmaneTs `StikebiT~

da danebiTo, gaCaRda xel-

CarTuli omio, _ hyveboda

xolme mejvrisxevSi moxuci

andro papa. omSi marTla iyo

namyofi da invalidic dabrunebuliyo

iqidan. rom SeTvreboda,

sul am ambavs hyveboda

da soflelebic amas

elodnen, TviTonve Seaxsenebdnen

da mere Tvals ukravdnen

erTmaneTs, oRond andro

amas yuradRebas ar aqcevda,

Tavis ambavs agrZelebda: _

var am ficxel omSi da zeviT,

mTaze, Turme stalini da miqoiani

dganan da gvicqeren.

mibrunebia stalini miqoians,

TiTi gamouSveria da uTqvams:

_ ai, am ulvaSze damajvi, eg

Tu Cveni zanguraanT andro

ar iyoso. omi ro damTavrda,

kide, Camovida cxonebuli dabla,

movida CemTan da miTxra:

_ rao, androo, mTeli am omis

40

TamaSi

}'vh'mksr

ubedurebam Sen mxrebze unda

gadaiaroso. _ mere gaixada

Tavisi Sineli da mxrebze

momagdo _ maCuqao.

amaze andros coli gamoixedavda

saxlidan da CaibuzRunebda:

ra Sineli, ris Sineli,

kaci orfexa waxvedi omSi da

calfexa Camoxvedio. andros

mainc uxaroda am ambis

moyola da masTanac xom am

ambis mosasmenad dadiodnen...

Cemi karsneli mezobeli, vasiliCi,

naomari ar iyo. SeiZleba

omis merec ki iyo dabadebuli.

SesaxedaobiT misi

asakis gamocnoba ar iyo advili.

stalinis sadRegrZelosTvis

sagangebod moemzadeboda,

gaseriozuldeboda

da Suqi CaeRvreboda Tvaleb-

Si. _ im ulvaSa biWs gaumarjoso,

_ ase ityoda, _ liaxv-

Si ro banaobda da kremlSi

ro daimarxao. uamravi anek-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


doti icoda stalinze, Ziri-

Tadad Sinelze, Cibuxze, beladis

ubraloebaze da samar-

Tlianobaze. erTxel gulnatkenma

miTxra, Turme gazeTeb-

Si stalinze weren _ kulti

iyoo. hai, dedasa, aba, dedimisis

Svili iyo da vinmes pir-

Si eTqva _ kulti xaaro. xo

utirebda dedaso! _ mere saCvenebel

TiTs win gamoiSvira

da _ bax, bax, bax... _ daiZaxa.

zanguraanT andro ukve didi

xania cocxali aRar aris.

sami wlis win meoTxe insultma

vasiliCsac mouRo bolo,

oRond manamde logins mijaWvuli

da naxevarsxeulwarTmeuli

mainc jiutad adRegr-

Zelebda ulvaSa biWs. imisi

swamda.

erT xnier kacs vicnobdi

qarTlSi. bavSvobisas stalinisTvis

amanaTi gaumzadebia.

`goruli mwvane~ monatreboda

kremlSi da sxvebTan erTad

es kacic (maSin bavSvi) sagangebod

arCeul mtevnebs

frTxilad ulagebda naxerxiT

savse yuTebSi. am ambavsac

frTxilad, rudunebiT hyveboda,

TiTqos es iyo yvelaze

mniSvnelovani ram, rac cxovrebaSi

gadaxdenoda...

kidev ramdeni aseTi ambis moyola

SeiZleba, magram Cemi saTqmeli

ai ra aris _ gvinda Tu

ar gvinda Cven, `gliancis Jurnalebis~

myidvelebsa da mkiTxvelebs,

stalini dResac cocxali

gmiria, radgan ubralo

xalxSi uamravi anekdoti coc-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

41

solidaroba

xlobs mis Sesaxeb, ambebi, romlebic

Taobidan Taobas gadaecema,

romlebic ar aris daStampuli,

mematianis an Tundac

skolis pedagogis moTxrobili.

es ambebi ar iwereba wignebsa

da gazeTebSi, amitomac mudmivad

icvleba. stalinisTana

cocxali gmiri me mxolod

erekle mefe meguleba. mis Sesaxebac

mravali zepiri ambavi

cocxlobs, magram am ors Soris

gansxvaveba mainc didia.

erekle ufro lokaluria _

misi miTi (romelic bevrad

keTilia da ubralo glexkacis

siyvarulze da misadmi Tavdadebazea

damyarebuli) mxolod

kaxeTs faravs. stalini ki...

am zafxuls poloneli turistebi

meubnebodnen: _ ici, rom


#1(28)

stalini poloneli iyoo? _

ara-meTqi, _ ar vicodi aseTi

versia. _ ki, ganTqmuli poloneli

mogzauris, prJevalskis,

ukanono Svili iyoo. prJevalskis

portreti Tu ginaxavs,

rogor hgavso. gamaxsenda,

rom didi mogzauris portreti

nanaxi, xolo misi stalinis

mamobis mkrexeluri legenda

gagonili mqonda (sabralo

kekes ra aRar daabrales),

oRond prJevalski yovelTvis

rusi mogzauri megona da misi

gvaris polonur JReradobaze

arasodes davfiqrebulvar.

maSin momagonda da turistebsac

movuyevi, rom sxva mizezebTan

erTad, osebis Cvenze,

qarTvelebze, ganawyenebis

erT-erTi seriozuli mizezi

swored Cven mier stalinis

`miTviseba~ iyo, magram polonelebi,

romlebsac yvelaferi

rusulis da sabWouris mimarT

siZulvili TiTqmis sisxlSi

aqvT gamjdari, Tanac isini,

vinc mTaSi myavda wayvanili,

polonur elitas warmoadgenda,

jer kidev axalgazrdebi,

evropulad simpaTiurebi da

movlilebi _ yvelani warmatebuli

biznesmenebi da qvelmoqmedebi

iyvnen, magram rodesac

prJevalskis SesaZlo mamobaze

gamecina, iseTi seriozulobiT

daiwyes polonuri versiis

dacva, rom mivxvdi, maTac ar

eTmobodaT sakuTari qveynis

damaqceveli didi diqtatori.

meore saRamos koconTan Cveni

qveynebis sadRegrZeloebs

vsvamdiT da polonelebma

miTxres, odesRac Cveni qveyana

baltiis zRvidan Sav zRvamde

iyoo da, ai, im poloneTs

gaumarjoso. maSin ki mivxvdi,

rom saerTo Cven da maT mar-

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

Tlac bevri gvqonia, magram

es sxva ambavia ukve.

isic kargad maxsovs, rom, rodesac

saakaSvili xelisuflebaSi

movida da isev gaCnda uecari

Semobrunebis mudam fuWi

da mudam damRupveli molodini,

maSin viRac-viRaceebi

ambobdnen, ega da stalini erT

dRes arian dabadebulnio,

iqneba gveSveloso. simarTle

rom vTqva, ar gadamimowmebia

da dRemde arcerTis dabadebis

dRe ar vici, magram am

damTxvevaSi rom niSans

xedavdnen da Tanac sasikeTo

niSans, es kargad maxsovs.

kidev, me vicnobdi holandiel

students, romelic sadRac

oTxmocdaaTiani wlebis SuaSi

saqarTveloSi Camovida stalinizmis

Temaze naSromis dasawerad,

xolo savele samuSaoebis

Casatareblad gorSi

erT Zalian patiosan ojaxSi

Casaxlda. ramdenime Tvis

ganmavlobaSi holandielma

imdeni ambavi moismina stalinze,

imdenjer dalia misi sad-

RegrZelo, imdeni stumarTmoyvare

adamiani naxa beladis

madidebeli, rom TviTonac

Tavgadadebul Tu ara, Sefarul

stalinistad iqca da

mere TbilisSi gvimtkicebda,

mTlad egrec ar aris saqme,

Tqven rom ggoniaT, maSin

sxvanairi dro iyo, amxela

qveynis marTva ar gindodao...

_ egeTebic xdeba.

kidev, daginaxavT stalini

mTvareze? me daminaxavs. vin

damanaxa pirvelad _ aRar

maxsovs, magram durbindiT

rom didxans ucqiro savse

mTvares, zed aucileblad

aRmoaCen ulvaSebian profils.

42

}'vh'mksr

hgavs? _ hgavs. aba, ulvaSebiani

sxva vin unda iyos, Tu ara

stalini. neta, vin aRmoaCina

pirvelma?

gorSi rom stalinis Zegli

dgas, es yvelam viciT. sxvaTa

Soris, marto gorSi ara, magaliTad,

tyibulis centrSic

dgas beladis uzarmazari qandakeba

da rodesac oTxmocdaaTiani

wlebis bolos (zust

TariRs axla verafriT gavixseneb)

iq mivlinebiT movxvdi,

sul ramdenime Tvis dadgmuli

iyo. iqaurebma _ lumpen

proletariatad qceulma yofilma

maRaroelebma _ siamayiT

miambes, rom Zegli sagangebod

aRmarTes SevardnaZis

CamosvlisTvis (`berlinis

kedlis damangrevels~ stalinis

Zegls axvedreben. absurdia,

ara?). ver aswrebdnen,

radgan amsimZime tvirTis asawevi

amwe raions ar hqonda,

ar hqonda raions aseTi amwes

dasaqiravebeli saxsrebic,

magram bolo wuTs moinaxa

rusTavSi momuSave warmoSobiT

tyibuleli `kranavSiki~,

romelic usasyidlod daTanxmda

Camosvlasa da stalinis

kvarcxlbekze moTavsebas. mere

miambes am adamianis odisea,

rogor moiCqaroda Tavisi

`kraniT~ rusTavidan, rom

mSobliuri qalaqi ar daeRalatebina,

rogori imediT

elodnen mas tyibulSi, ramden

sarfian winadadebaze Tqva

gzaSi uari da bolos mainc

Camoaswro, _ sul ramdenime

saaTiT adre, sanam prezidenti

Camovidoda, mainc daaskupa

Zegli adgilze. damijerT,

rom am ambebs yovelgvari cinizmis

gareSe vwer, es ubralod

realobaa da kidev siyvaruli,

mere ra, rom es siyva-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


uli didi SiSianobidan da

msoflios istoriaSi udidesi,

momnusxveli hipnozidan

modis, es gadarCenilebis siyvarulia,

represiebs gadarCenilebis,

yvelaze didi omidan

cocxlebad da, rac Zalian

mniSvnelovania, gamarjvebiT

dabrunebulebis, da maTi Svilebisa

da SviliSvilebis siyvarulia...

bolos da bolos,

53-Si Soreul cimbirsa da

Sua aziaSi mis mier gadasaxlebuli

milionobiT adamiani

alal cremls Rvrida beladis

gardacvalebis gamo...

im 53-Si xevsurTSi erTi xalxuri

leqsic daiwera. ase iwyeba:

`iqneba Sascda radio,

ambav ver maitanao...~

da kidev, stalini qarTveli

iyo (Tumca, osebisTvis _ osi),

patara eris didi Svili. _ napoleons

imitom ar aRmerTeben

frangebi, rom korsikeli

iyoo. aba, frangi yofiliyo,

zecaSi eyolebodaT ayvanilio.

rusebi stalins imitom

gvigineben, rom qarTveli

iyoo da Cven unda davicvaT

bolomdeo, _ arsebobs aseTi

azric. magram aRmoCnda, rom

rusebic ver Tmoben Cvens

stalins. imaTac Tavisi stalini

enatrebaT Turme, Tavisi

`derJava~, imaT Tavisi ubedureba

sWirT, Cven _ Cveni.

sanam es ubedurebebi Zalian

emgvaneba erTmaneTs, verc

Cveni gzebi gaiyreba, amaSi

darwmunebuli var.

am statiis (romelsac statiasac

Znelad davarqmevdi, ufro

beladis Temebze fantaziebsa

hgavs) dawera ki iman mafiqrebina,

rom gorSi stalinis

Zeglis aRebaze isev daiwyo

laparaki, Tanac beladis monumentis

Camoxsnis idea zustad

im dReebSi gaCnda, rodesac

televiziiT yoveldRe

agvistos movlenebTan dakav-

Sirebul saparlamento gamo-

Ziebas vadevnebdiT Tvals,

rodesac xalxi, vinc wesierad

arc ki viciT, vin aris, `dakiTxvas

uwyobs~ maT, visac

ukve Zalian kargad vicnobT;

rodesac haerSi damiznebiT

frinavdnen sawerkalmebi, xolo

ucbad gagulaxdilebuli

qveynis prezidenti RimiliT

aRiarebda: grZnobebisgan

halstuxsac ki Caidebs pirSi

kacio (`SiSi grexi ar ari, Zmao~,

_ Cems bavSvobaSi iyo egeTi

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

43

solidaroba

`apravdania~), hoda, am ambebs

daemTxva stalinis Zeglis moxsnis

(cota mogvianebiT misi

okupaciis muzeumis goris

filialSi gadatanis) idea.

ra Tqma unda, Cemi saTqmeli

sul martivadac SeiZleba

iTqvas da daaxloebiT aseTi

iqneba _ ZeglSi ar aris saqme.

Zeglis Camoxsna yvelaze advilia

(Tumca stalinisa mainc

gaWirdeba), Zneli iseTi qveynis

aSenebaa, romelic Zalmomreobaze

ar iqneba damyarebuli,

amas marTla didi Sroma

sWirdeba mTavrobebisac da

xalxisac da maSin stalini da

misi Zeglic aRar iqneba aqtu-


#1(28)

aluri, Camosuli ucxoeli

Jurnalistebi masSi totalitarul

simbolos ki ara, goris

kolorits dainaxaven da Taobebic

aRar gaizrdebian daundobeli

xeliT wesrigis damamyarebel

ulvaSa biZis idealze.

ai, maSin ukve Tavad gorelebi

gadawyveten, sWirdebaT

Tu ara qalaqSi es monumenti.

magram aris kidev erTi ram _

Tan Zalian tragikuli da Tan

sasacilo... qarTlidan devnilebic

hyvebodnen da Jurnalistebic

werdnen, rom agvistoSi

rus jariskacebs araer-

Txel uTqvamT: Tqveni bedi,

rom stalinis miwaze varT, magas

uTxariT gadarCenisTvis

madlobao. da kidev: TviTmxilvelebi

ambobdnen (da ara mgonia,

rame gamoegonaT): mTvrali

generali borisovi stalinis

ZeglTan misula da _ `prasti

batiuSkao~ _ ebodiSeboda

Turme. ese igi, ra gamovida?

mkvdarma tiranma da misma Zeglma

ufro meti saqme gaakeTa

da ufro meti sicocxle gadaarCina,

vidre mTavrobam,

romelmac ise miatova iqauroba,

rom xalxis evakuaciis gankargulebac

ar gaucia. cariel

qalaqSi rusis jars mxolod

samRvdeloeba xvdeboda

da kidev koba dascqeroda

Tavis maRali kvarcxlbekidan.

mgoni, amaze Rirs dafiqreba.

magram me mTxrobeli ukeTesi

var, vidre moazrovne da amitom

erT ambavsac giambobT:

ramdenime wlis win amerikeli

studentebis jgufi waviyvane

stalinis muzeumSi. maSin pirvelad

da jerjerobiT ukanasknelad

movxvdi iq. marTalia,

muzeumis naxva Tavad stu-

Solidarität

perspeqtiva

dentebis survili iyo, mainc

cota daibnen _ ar elodnen

amxela masStabebs. ianvari

iyo da muzeumis uzarmazar

darbazebSi Zalian cioda. studentebi

moibuznen da daiTrgunen

ise, rogorc mxolod

18-19 wlis amerikeli SeiZleba

moibuzos da daiTrgunos

beladis relikviebiT savse

gayinul labirinTebSi. maSin

Tan gvaxlda Cemi ufrosi goreli

megobari, miSa cercvaZe

(igive weko), mTamsvleli da

saocrad laRi adamiani. uceb

weko sadRac gaZvra-gamoZvra,

mere gaqra da cota xanSi stalinis

SinelSi gamowyobili

gamogvecxada, ai, im legendarul

SinelSi. Turme muzeumis

direqtori misi Zmakaci iyo.

maSin bevri vicineT da miamit

amerikelebsac moexsnaT da-

Zabuloba _ Tu ar mixvdnen,

igrZnes mainc, rom am gayinul

darbazSi maT gverdiT iyo

adamiani, romelsac, ai, is

raRaca (gind beladis kulti

davarqvaT da gind sxva ram),

ramac maTze ase damTrgunvelad

imoqmeda, araTu daemarcxebina,

sulac fexebze ekida.

Tanac weko TviTon tanmorCilia

da Sineli mainc ar ekvreboda

wesierad. etyoba, beladi

mTlad patara yofila.

ramdenime kviris Semdeg, rodesac

imave jgufs aeroportSi

vacilebdi, erT-erTma gogonam,

romlis xma manamde TiTqmis

ar gamegona, TiTi gaiSvira

firniSisken, romelzec jorj

buSia gamosaxuli da qveS ki

aweria, rom quCa mis saxels

atarebs, da Zalian moridebulad

miTxra: me mgonia, rom TbilisSi

jorj buSis quCa ufro

didi sircxvilia, vidre gorSi

stalinis Zegli da muzeumio.

44

}'vh'mksr

ise, jorj buSis quCisTvis,

mgoni, male mogviwevs saxelis

Secvla. aseTi kosmetikuri

Canacvlebebis mowme araerTxel

gavmxdarvarT. kargad maxsovs

1983 wels zura wereTlis

mier mcxeTis gzaze dadgmuli

georgievskis traqtatis orasi

wlisadmi miZRvnili monumenti

_ didi liTonis kvanZi,

romelic ori xalxis samudamo

Zmobas gamoxatavda, mis

SigniT ki am megobrobis amsaxveli

bareliefi ekida. mere

saqarTvelo damoukidebeli

gaxda da avtorma saswrafod

Camoxsna bareliefi, mis adgilas

ki wminda ninos jvari Casva.

amrigad, liTonis kvanZma

jvris garSemo sul sxva datvirTva

SeiZina. mere megobrobis

muzeumi okupaciis muzeumad

gadakeTda da mzem, romelic

CrdiloeTidan amodioda,

axla dasavleTidan SemogvanaTa.

kidev moskovis

prospeqts daupires gavarSaveba,

puSkinis skvers _ albaT

gasenkeviCeba, moZme ukraineli

mgosani ki erT RameSi

daskupda Tbilisis saxelmwifo

universitetis pirvel

korpusTan. eg yvelaferi kargi,

oRond iberia raRac saeWvod

agvianebs gabrwyinebas...

stalini ki dgas.

an ki riTi ginda Caanaclo

Zegli kacisa, romlis sadRegrZeloc

ase ismeva:

im ulvaSa biWs gaumarjos,

dedamiwas rom RerZi gamoacala,

sirze wamoicva da Tavis

nebaze atrialao!

Znelia, ara?

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


politika da ideologia

demokratia

1997 wlis zafxuls erT-erTma

iaponurma gazeTma mommarTa

kiTxviT, ra iyo, Cemi azriT,

XX saukunis yvelaze mniSvnelovani

movlena. erTi SexedviT,

tvinis saWyleti SekiTxvaa

_ imdeni ram moxda am bolo

aswleulSi. gasrulda britaneTis,

safrangeTisa da, saerTod,

evropuli imperiebis

zeobis xana; or msoflio oms

SeveswariT; Tvals vadevnebdiT

faSizmisa da nacizmis aRzeveba-dacemas,

komunizmis

meufebasa da mis ngrevas (yofil

sabWoTa kavSirSi) Tu saxecvlilebas

(CineTSi); vxedavdiT

rogor icvleboda Cvens

regionSi dasavleTis ekonomikis

gavlena axali ekonomikuri

balansiT _ am SemTxveva-

Si iaponiisa da samxreT-aRmosavleT

aziis momZlavrebis

xarjze. Tumca swored am bolo

wlebSi garkveuli finansuri

da ekonomikuri problemebic

SeiniSneboda, magram aTwleulebis

ganmavlobaSi (iaponiis

SemTxvevaSi ki lamis mTeli

saukunis manZilze) msoflio

ekonomikis dabalansebis

procesi aSkaraa.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

45

solidaroba

rogorc universaluri faseuloba

amartia seni

mokled, drois am periodSi

mniSvnelovani movlenebi ar

dagvklebia. egaa, piradad Cem-

Tvis arCevanis gakeTeba Zneli

ar yofila: mravalTagan gamor-

Ceulad mainc demokratiis aRzevebis

procesi mesaxeba. darwmunebuli

var, Soreuli momavlis

gadasaxedidan mmarTvelobis

yvelaze misaReb formad

misi damkvidreba umTavres

movlenad gamoCndeba.

Tavad demokratiis idea, raRa

Tqma unda, Zvel saberZneTSi

Caisaxa, ori aTas welze meti

xnis winaT. msgavsi mcdelobebi

sxvaganac iyo, Tundac

indoeTSi, magram mxolod

antikuri xanis saberZneTSi

moxerxda realurad misi xorcSesxma

da praqtikaSi gatareba

(Tumca ki metad Sekvecili

saxiT), sanam mas isev mmarTvelobis

ufro avtoritaruli

formebi ar Caenacvla.

mas Semdeg karga xanma ganvlo

da demokratiis, rogorc moqmedi

mmarTveli sistemis, saboloo

Camoyalibebaze mravalma

calkeulma movlenam


#1(28)

imoqmeda: 1215 wels magna qartas

xelmoweridan mokidebuli,

vidre me-18 saukunis safrangeTisa

da amerikis revoluciebamde

Tu me-19 saukuneSi saarCevno

uflebebis gafarToebamde

evropis qveynebsa da

Crdilo amerikaSi; oRond demokratiis

sayovelTaod miRebul,

mmarTvelobis `normalur~

formad qceva mxolod Cvens

saukuneSi gaxda SesaZlebeli.

demokratiis momavlis universalobis

ideac imave XX saukunis

pirmSoa. is mojanyeebi,

magna qartas saSualebiT

inglisis mefis uflebebis

Sekvecas rom miaRwies, amas

pirwmindad lokaluri mniSvnelobis

saWiroebad aRiqvamdnen,

damoukideblobisaTvis

mebrZoli amerikelebisa Tu

frangi revolucionerebisagan

gansxvavebiT, romelTac

demokratia sazogadod aucilebel

sistemad uCndaT, magram

praqtikulad maTi moTxovnebis

arealic isev da isev

garkveuli regioniT _ Crdilo

atlantikis orive mxriT

_ SemoisazRvreboda da ekonomikur,

socialur, politikur

wyobaTa istoriiT iyo

ganpirobebuli.

XIX saukuneSi demokratiis TeoretikosebisaTvis

savsebiT

bunebrivi gaxldaT imis gansja,

ramdenad mzad iyo esa Tu

is qveyana demokratiuli wyobis

gasaTaviseblad. amgvari

midgomis Secvla mxolod XX

saukuneSi moxda, roca TviT

SekiTxvis amgvarad dasmis

mcdaroba gaiazres: qveyanas

ki ar moeTxoveba mzadyofna

demokratiis misaRebad, aramed

swored demokratiis meSveobiT

aRwevs am mdgomareobas.

Solidarität

politika da ideologia

es marTlac rom mkveTri cvlileba

iyo, ramac mmarTvelobis

demokratiuli forma dedamiwis

miliardobiT mkvidr-

TaTvis potenciurad misaRwev

realobad aqcia _ da es maTi

istoriuli ganviTarebis, kulturis,

keTildReobis gansxvavebuli

doneebis miuxedavad.

isic am saukunis iyo, xalxi

rom sabolood SeTanxmda _

`arCevnebSi sayovelTao monawileobis

ufleba~ marTlac

yvelas unda gulisxmobdes _

kacsac da qalsac. amas winaT

Sveicariis prezidents, SesaniSnav

qalbaton ruT dreifuss,

Sevxvdi da uceb viazre

_ sul raRac meoTxedi saukunis

win Sveicariel qalebs

arCevnebSi xmis micemis uflebac

ki ar hqondaT. axla Cven,

bolos da bolos, imis gagebas

mainc mivaRwieT, rom universaloba,

iseve rogorc mowyaleba,

dausazRvravia.

TavisTavad (gana uarvyof!)

universalobaze demokratiis

pretenzias jer kidev bevri

winaRoba aqvs gadasalaxi.

winaaRmdegobebi sul sxvadasxva

saxisaa da sul sxvadasxva

mxridan Cndeba. garkveulwilad

es sakiTxi winamdebare

eseis Temacaa: vecdebi ganvsajo

demokratiis pretenzia _

iqces universalur faseulobad

_ da amis Taobaze atexili

davac mimovixilo. oRond

sanam amas Sevudgebode, aucilebelia

naTlad gamovkveToT

is sazrisi, romlis mixedvi-

Tac demokratia dominantur

rwmenad aRiqmeba Tanamedrove

samyaroSi.

yovel xanasa da socialur

garemoSi TavisTavad arsebobs

46

}'vh'mksr

rigi garkveuli rwmenebisa,

zogad kanonebad romaa miCneuli

default sistemis msgavsad

kompiuterul programeb-

Si: isini marTebulad miiCnevian,

sanam maTi debulebani

safuZvlianad ar iqneba uaryofili;

da Tumca demokratia

jer ar qceula sayovelTaod

miRebul praqtikad an Tundac

erTmniSvnelovnad gaziarebul

debulebad dRevandel

msoflioSi, demokratiuli

mmarTvelobis TviT forma

ukve zogadad marTebulis

statusiT sargeblobs.

es istoriuli cvlilebaa arc-

Tu ise didi xnis winandel

mdgomareobasTan SedarebiT,

roca azia-afrikis qveynebSi

demokratiuli gardaqmnebis

mosurneT kbilebiT uxdebodaT

brZola sakuTari poziciebis

dasacavad. ra Tqma unda,

jer kidev didxans mogviwevs

dava-kamaTi maTTan, vinc aSkarad

Tu farulad demokratiis

saWiroebas uaryofs, magram

isic aRsaniSnavia, raoden

Seicvala zogadi ganwyoba wina

saukunesTan SedarebiT.

Cven ukve aRar gvixdeba xelaxla

imis rkveva, rom, vTqvaT,

samxreT afrikis respublika

an Cile aris Tu ara `demokratiisaTvis

mzad~ (SekiTxva,

romelic Cveulebrivi ram

iyo XIX saukuneSi); demokratiis

amgvar universalurad

misadagebel sistemad cnoba,

romelsac cota uklia, universalur

faseulobadac rom

cnon, XX saukunis mTavar

miRwevad da namdvil gadatrialebad

mesaxeba Cvens cxovrebaSi.

swored am ganxriT

msurs ganvixilo kidec demokratiis

universaluri Rirebulebis

sakiTxi.

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


indoeTis magaliTi

ramdenad kargad imuSava demokratiulma

sistemam? maSin,

roca amgvari SekiTxva aravis

mosdis TavSi SeerTebul Statebze,

safrangeTsa Tu britaneTze

saubrisas, igive sakiTxi

didi Sexla-Semoxlis sagania

msoflios mraval Rarib qveyanasTan

mimarTebiT. istoriul

wiaRsvlebs aq ar gamovudgebi,

magram is ki msurs

ganvacxado, rom demokratiam

imuSava da sakmaod kargadac.

indoeTi, bunebrivia, am kama-

Tis erTi mTavari obieqtTagani

iyo. britaneTi imitomac

idga uarze damoukidebloba

moeca CvenTvis, rom vera da ver

daejerebina, sakuTari qveynis

marTvas Tu SevZlebdiT. 1947

wels, roca damoukidebloba

gamovacxadeT, indoeTSi mar-

Tlac gvariani areuloba sufevda:

daqucmacebuli qveyana,

gamoucdeli mTavroba, gaurkveveli

politikuri kursi,

sarwmunoebrivi SuRli mosaxleobaSi

da mougvarebeli

socialuri problemebi. ra

gasakviria, Tu Zneli iyo momavali

erTiani da demokratiuli

indoeTisa erwmuna vinmes. da

mainc, sul raRac naxevari

saukunis mere, aRmoCnda rom

demokratias marTlac kargad

umuSavia: met-naklebad moxerxda

politikuri uTanxmoebebis

konstituciur CarCoebSi

moqceva, mTavrobebic arCevnebisa

da saparlamento kanonebis

Sesabamisad icvlebodnen.

axlac, mravali naklovanebis

miuxedavad, indoeTi arsebobs

rogorc demokratiuli

wyobis politikuri erTeuli

da amas isev demokratiis qmediT

sistemas unda umadlodes.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

47

solidaroba

indoeTma mosaxleobis enobrivi

siWrelisa da religiaTa

simravlis problemasac gaar-

Tva Tavi. marTalia, sarwmunoebriv

da Temobriv niadagze

warmoSobil problemebs TavianT

sasargeblod iyeneben

xolme sxvadasxva juris fanatikosi

politikosebi (Tundac

am bolo Tveebis ambebi

gavixsenoT), romelnic TavianTi

qmedebebiT Tavzars

scemen mTel qveyanas. oRond

is, rom fanatizmisagan Sobili

Zaladobis am calkeul faqtebs

qveynis yvela kuTxeSi

gmoben, ukve swored rom demokratiuli

wyobismieri garantia

aris _ brma rwmenis

kuTxuri interesebisaTvis

gamoyenebis sawinaaRmdego. es

gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania

imgvari qveynis TviTgadarCenisa

da ganviTarebisaTvis,

rogoric indoeTia, sa-


#1(28)

dac hindu umravlesobis garda,

milionobiT muslimi

(indoeTi msoflioSi mesame

adgilzea muslimanTa raodenobiT),

qristiani da budisti

cxovrobs, rom aRaraferi

vTqvaT siqhebze, parsebsa da

jainebze.

demokratia da

ekonomikuri

ganviTarebis sakiTxi

xSirad gaigonebT, rom arademokratiuli

sistemebi ufro

efeqturia ekonomikis gasavi-

Tareblad. es Tvalsazrisi

zogjer `lis hipoTezis~ saxeliTac

ixsenieba misi Tavgamodebuli

damcvelis, singapuris

yofili prezidentis li

kuan ius gamo. marTalia,

zogi mkacrreJimiani qveyana

(samxreT korea, singapuri,

reformis Semdegdroindeli

CineTi) ufro swrafad iwevda

win ekonomikuri zrdis maCveneblis

mixedviT, vidre bevri

araavtoritaruli saxelmwifo

(indoeTi, iamaika, kosta-rika),

magram nu dagvaviwydeba,

rom `lis hipoTeza~,

SeiZleba iTqvas sporadul

monacemebs, mwir da metismetad

SerCeviT informacias

eyrdnoboda da ara farTo

statistikur analizs. zogadi

daskvnis gamotana ki monacemTa

aseT bazaze dayrdnobiT

SeuZlebelia. singapurisa

Tu CineTis ekonomikis zrdis

maCvenebeli iseve ar gamodgeba

avtoritaruli sistemis

ukeTesobis ilustraciad,

rogorc, vTqvaT, botsvanis

sarekordod SesaniSnavi procentuli

maCveneblebi _ am

qveynis demokratiis oazisad

gamosacxadeblad. amgvari

mtkicebebisaTvis meti siste-

Solidarität

politika da ideologia

muri, empiriuli masalaa

mosaZiebeli da sakvlevi.

bolos da bolos, araviTari

damajerebeli sabuTi ar arsebobs,

TiTqosda, avtoritaruli

mmarTveloba marTla

xels uwyobdes ekonomikis ganviTarebas.

arc zogadi statistikuri

suraTi iZleva amis

safuZvels, xolo aranairi

sistemuri empiriuli Seswavla

(Tundac, robert baros an

adam prJevorskisa aviRoT)

ar mianiSnebs imaze, TiTqos

Zireuli ganxeTqileba arsebobdes

politikuri uflebebis

dacvasa da ekonomikur

warmatebas Soris. pirdapiri

kavSiri aq bevr sxva Tanxmleb

movlenazea damokidebuli

da, Tumca zogi statistikuri

analizi mainc migvaniSnebs

garkveul uaryofiT efeqtze,

sxvebi dadebiT muxts aRnusxaven.

yvela am komparatiul

gamokvlevas erTad rom movuyaroT

Tavi, sulac im azramde

mivalT, rom ekonomikur

zrdasa da demokratias Soris

sinamdvileSi araviTari cxadi

urTierTkavSiri ar arsebobs.

ubralod, demokratia da politikuri

Tavisufleba Tavis-

Tavadi Rirebulebebia.

aseve, metad mniSvnelovania

kvlevis meTodebis sakiTxi:

sakmarisi araa statistikuri

kavSirebis Zieba; aucilebelia

ekonomikur zrdasa da ganvi-

TarebasTan dakavSirebuli

mizez-Sedegobrivi procesebis

gamowvlilviT ganxilvac.

is ekonomikuri politika da

garemo pirobebi, ramac Soreuli

aRmosavleTis qveynebis

ekonomikuri aRmasvla gamoiwvia,

dReisaTvis sakmarisadaa

Seswavlili. Tumca sxvadasxva

avtori gansxvavebul

sakiTxebze amaxvilebs yurad-

48

}'vh'mksr

Rebas, ZiriTadad mainc Tanxmdebian

`xelSemwyob RonisZiebaTa~

im CamonaTvalze, romelic

moicavs rogorc Ria konkurencias,

saerTaSoriso bazarze

gasvlas, saxelmwifos

mier investirebebisa da eqsportis

stimulirebas, aseve _

wignierebisa da swavlebis

sakmaod maRal dones, miwis

reformebsa da sxva socialuri

xasiaTis RonisZiebebs, ramac

mkveTri biZgi misca ekonomikuri

procesebis gafar-

Toebas. magram araviTari sababi

ara gvaqvs davaskvnaT,

TiTqos romelime amaTganis

gatareba SeuZlebeli iqneboda

demokratiis pirobebSi da

amisaTvis uciloblad samxreT

koreaSi, singapursa Tu

CineTSi arsebuli avtoritaruli

reJimebis Tanadgoma

iyo saWiro. piriqiT, bevri

ram swored imaze miuTiTebs,

rom swrafi ekonomikuri zrda

jansaR ekonomikur garemos

moiTxovs da ara mkacr politikur

reJims.

suraTis sisrulisaTvis aucilebelia

ekonomikuri zrdis

mimoxilvis viwro CarCoebs

gavcdeT da, zogadad, ekonomikuri

ganviTarebis ufro

farTo problemebsac CavuRrmavdeT,

es ki ekonomikuri

da socialuri usafrTxoebis

sakiTxebsac moicavs. aq Cven,

erT mxriv, politikuri da

samoqalaqo uflebebis, xolo

meore mxriv, didi ekonomikuri

katastrofebis Tavidan

acilebas Soris urTierTkav-

Sirs unda SevexoT: TavianTi

politikuri da samoqalaqo

uflebebis gamoyeneba xalxs

saSualebas aZlevs umniSvnelovanes

sakiTxebze gaamaxvilebinos

sazogadoebas yurad-

Reba da Sesabamisi zomebis

miReba moiTxovos. reagireba

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


Tu wayrueba xalxis sawuxarze

xSirad swored imazea damokidebuli,

ramdenad qmediT

zewolas ganicdis Tavad xelisufleba,

xolo iseTi politikuri

uflebebis gamoyenebam,

rogoricaa xmis micema,

kritika, protestis gamoxatva

sxvadasxva formiT da sxv.,

marTlac sagrZnobi zemoqmedeba

SeiZleba iqonios xelisuflebis

politikur nebaze.

sxvaTa Soris, erTgan me aRvniSnavdi

kidec im faqts, rom

msoflios istoriaSi farTomasStabian

SimSilobas adgili

ar hqonia romelime damoukidebel

da demokratiul qveyanaSi,

sadac ki presa Tundac

met-naklebi TavisuflebiT

sargeblobda. gamonaklisi ar

arsebobs. gavixsenoT SimSiloba

diqtatoruli reJimebis

dros eTiopiasa da somaliSi,

1958-61 wlebis CineTSi (`didi

naxtomis~ marcxiT gamowveuli),

30-iani wlebis sabWoTa

kavSirSi an sulac kidev ufro

adre _ irlandiasa da

indoeTSi ucxoelTa mmarTvelobis

Jams. imave CineTma,

romelic TiTqos indoeTze

bevrad ukeTes viTarebaSi

imyofeboda, mainc `moaxerxa~

istoriaSi udidesi masobrivi

SimSiloba daetexa Tavs saku-

Tari xalxisaTvis: 1958-61

wlebSi daaxloebiT 30 milioni

adamiani gawyda, maSin rodesac

xelisufleba jiutad

ganagrZobda damRupveli politikis

gatarebas; mas aravin

akritikebda, radgan ar arsebobda

arc opozicia parlamentSi,

arc Tavisufali presa

da arc mravalpartiuli

arCevnebis molodini. swored

es iyo mizezi, rom wlebis

ganmavlobaSi araferi Secvlila,

Tumca ki wlidan wlamde

milionobiT mosaxle iRupe-

boda. zustad igive SeiZleba

iTqvas masobriv SimSilobaze

Crdilo koreasa da sudanSi.

ratomRac SimSiloba xSirad

bunebriv movlenebTanaa gaigivebuli

da mimomxilvelebi

sruliad martiv, ase vTqvaT,

`bunebrivi~ mizezebis aRniSvniT

ifarglebian: wyaldidoba

CineTSi, gvalvebi eTiopiaSi,

mousavlianoba Crdilo koreaSi...

arada, igive problemebi,

da zogjer uaresic, sxva qveynebsac

hqoniaT, magram maT

xelisuflebas mosaxleoba

SimSilis piramde ar miuyvania.

cxadia, aseT dros daRupulTa

umetesi wili uRaribes

fenebze modis, amitom

gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba

aqvs saarsebo minimumis Senar-

Cunebas (vTqvaT, dasaqmebis

programebis meSveobiT), rac

gamokvebis saSualebas mainc

miscems potenciur msxverpls.

uRaribesma demokratiulma

qveynebmac ki, mZime gvalvebis,

wyaldidobebisa Tu sxva ram

stiqiur ubedurebaTa miuxedavad

(rogorc indoeTma

1973-Si, an zimbabvem da botsvanam

1980-Si) moaxerxes xalxis

SimSiliT daxocvamde ar

mieyvanaT saqme.

masobrivi SimiSiloba arc ise

Zneli asacilebeli ramaa, Tuki

mTavroba marTla gamoidebs

Tavs, xolo nebismier

demokratiul xelisuflebas,

romlis yofna-aryofna arCevnebzea

damokidebuli, da

romelic opoziciuri partiebisa

da Tavisufali presis

mxridan kritikis mudmiv wnex-

Sia moqceuli, sxva gza arca

aqvs. amitom sulac ar mikvirs,

Tu britaneTis mmarTvelobis

periodSi indoeTs Sim-

Sili epidemiasaviT atydeboda

Tavs (bolo SimSiloba,

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

49

solidaroba

romelsac Tavad Seveswari,

1943 wels moxda), magram mravalpartiuli

demokratiuli

wyobis SemoRebisa da Tavisufali

presis gaCenisTanave is

mogonebadRa darCa.

kacma rom Tqvas, es demokratiis

miRwevaTa yvelaze naTeli

da Tanac martivi magali-

Tia. politikuri da samoqalaqo

uflebebis gamoyeneba

mSvenieri iaraRia zogadad

ekonomikuri da socialuri

ubedurebebis Tavidan asacileblad.

Tu saqme kargad midis

da yvelaferi saaTiviTaa awyobili,

demokratiis es berketi

SesaZloa arc aravis gaaxsendes.

mxolod maSin, roca ama

Tu im mizeziT raRac moiSleba

sistemaSi, xelisufalTa

demokratiuli mmarTvelobis

mier ganpirobebuli dainteresebac

iCens Tavs da praqtikuli

Sedegebic moaqvs.

mravali teqnokrati-ekonomisti

gvirCevs sabazro sistemis

eknomikuri berketebis

gamoyenebas, da aviwydebaT is

politikuri berketebi, demokratiuli

sistema rom gvTavazobs.

pirvel SemTxvevaSi principulad

daubalansirebel

sistemasTan gvaqvs saqme _

ucabedi ekonomikuri cvlilebebi

an ekonomikis marTva-

Si daSvebuli Secdomebi sruliad

gawonasworebul qveynebSic

savsebiT mosalodnelia.

swored maSin Cndeba

demokratiismieri damcavi meqanizmebis

amoqmedebis saWiroeba.

aRmosavleT da samxreT-aRmosavleT

qveynebSi gaCenili

bolodroindeli problemebi

TvalnaTliv warmoaCens arademokratiuli

mmarTvelobis

Secdomebs. jer erTi, finan-


#1(28)

suri krizisi (samxreT koreaSi,

tailandSi, indoneziaSi)

bevrad ganapiroba biznesis

e.w. gaumWvirvalobam, rac

Tundac finansuri garigebis

mxriv sajaroobis ararsebobaSi

gamoixateboda; meorec,

roca finansurma krizisma

saerTo ekonomikur vardnamde

miiyvana saqme, demokratiis

damcavi meqanizmebi _ ra-

Rac imis msgavsi, rac demokratiul

qveynebSi masobrivi

SimSilobis Tavidan asacilebel

saSualebad movixsenieT

_ saerTod ar amoqmedebula.

saerTo erovnuli Semosavlis

vardna Tundac 10%-iT vinZlo

didad arafrad mogeCvenoT,

Tuki wina aTwleulSi

zrdis procentuli maCvenebeli

5-10 iyo yovelwliurad,

magram aseTma ucabedma cvlilebam

SesaZloa gaaubeduros

da sicocxlec mouswrafos

uamrav adamians, Tuki es

dartyma sxvebzec ar gadanawilda

da mxolod umuSevarT

da SeWirvebulT daatydaT

Tavs. ase rom, sanam yvelaferi

kargad midioda, vTqvaT,

indoneziaSi, demokratiis

berketis saWiroeba iq aravis

gaxsenebia, oRond, roca saqme

krizisamde mivida da Sedegebic

araTanabrad gadanawilda

mosaxleobis mxrebze,

mere ukve gviani iyo _ demokratiis

damcavi funqciis

moSla swored eqstremaluri

saWiroebis dros gamoCndeba

yvelaze mwared.

demokratiis

mravalfunqciuroba

mainc ra aris es demokratia?

misi gaigiveba ubralod umravlesobis

mmarTvelobasTan

Solidarität

politika da ideologia

mTlad swori ar iqneboda.

demokratias a priori ramdenime

moTxovna aqvs _ ra Tqma

unda, upirvelesad, Tavisufali

arCvenebi da maTi Sedegebisadmi

Segueba, magram is

aseve moiTxovs garkveuli

uflebebis dacvas, pativiscemas

saxelmwifo institutebis

mimarT, sityvis Tavisuflebas,

cenzuris moxsnas da

sxv. igive Tavisufali arCevnebi

SesaZloa yovlad uvargisi

aqti aRmoCndes, Tu dapirispirebul

mxareebs saSualeba

ar eqnebaT erTnair pirobebSi

waradginon sakuTari

programa, an Tu amomrCevels

SesaZlebloba ar eqna srulad

miiRos informacia da Tavisuflad

imsjelos dasmul

sakiTxze. demokratia momTxovni

sistemaa da ara damoukidebeli

meqanikuri procesi

(rogorc umravlesobis mmar-

Tveloba TavisTavad).

am mxriv demokratiis Rirsebebi

da universalur faseulobaze

misi pretenzia uSualo

kavSirSia garkveul qmedebebTan.

sazogadod, moqalaqeTa

cxovrebaze demokratiis

dadebiTad zemoqmedebis sami

sxvadasxva aspeqti SegviZlia

gamovyoT: jer erTi, politikuri

Tavisufleba adamianis

Tavisuflebis uSualo Semadgeneli

nawilia da politikuri

Tu samoqalaqo uflebebis

gamoyeneba pirdapir kavSir-

Sia pirovnebis, rogorc socialuri

arsebis, keTildReobasTan.

amgvar Tanamonawileobas

politikur da samoqalaqo

procesebSi TavisTavadi

Rirebuleba aqvs, radgan

sazogadoebrivi cxovrebisgan

Camocileba erTi umZimesi akr-

ZalvaTagania individuumisaTvis.

50

}'vh'mksr

meorec, demokratias mniSvnelovani

gamoyenebiTi Rirebulebac

aqvs: rogorc ukve

vTqvi, is saSualebas aZlevs

xalxs gamoxatos da gaitanos

kidec sakuTari moTxovnebi

(maT Soris ekonomikuric).

mesame, demokratiiT sargebloba

saSualebas aZlevs moqalaqeebs

erTmaneTis Secdomebze

iswavlon, xolo, saer-

Tod, sazogadoebas _ sakuTari

faseulobani da miznebi

Camoayalibos. imis Tqma msurs,

rom Tavad `ekonomikuri

moTxovnebis~ gaazreba ukve

sajaro ganxilvebs, informaciis,

Sexedulebebisa Tu

analizis gacvla-gamocvlas

moiTxovs. am gagebiT, demokratias

konstruqciuli mniSvnelobac

eniWeba _ im Tavis-

Tavad faseulobasTan damatebiT,

rasac moqalaqeTa keTildReobisaTvis

aqvs mniSvneloba,

da im gamoyenebiT faseulobasTan

erTad, rac politikur

gadawyvetilebaze zemoqmedebs.

demokratiis pretenzia

_ universalur Rirebulebad

mogvevlinos _ swored

am sam maxasiaTebels eyrdnoba.

Camoyalibebas an Tundac jer

mxolod imis gaazrebas, Tu

ra warmoadgens ucilobel

moTxovnas, ekonomikuri moTxovnis

gaTvaliswinebiT, ukve

SesaZloa politikuri da samoqalaqo

uflebebis moxmobac

dasWirdes. TavisTavad,

msjeloba da kamaTi imis dadgenasac

sWirdeba, Tu ragvaria

es ekonomikuri moTxovnebi,

ra Sinaarsisaa da ramdenad

kategoriulia. politikuri

da samoqalaqo uflebebis

baza, rac sajaro diskusiis,

kamaTis, kritikisa da gansxvavebuli

azris qonis ufle-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


is garantiaa, Tavis mxriv aucilebelia

awonil-dawonili

arCevanis gasakeTeblad. es

procesi gadamwyvetia zogadad

faseulobaTa Tu konkretul

mizanTa Camosayalibeblad,

da, sazogadod, dauSvebelia

raime prioritetebis aRiareba

farTo msjelobis gareSe,

miuxedavad imisa, oficialurad

daSvebulia Tu ara sajaro

diskusiebi da gansja.

simarTle iTqvas, sajaro dialogis

zemoqmedebis faqtors

xSirad arasakmarisi mniSvneloba

eniWeba socialuri da

politikuri problemebis dasmisas.

magaliTad, amas Zalze

didi mniSvneloba aqvs ganvi-

Tarebad qveynebSi Sobadobis

maRali koeficientis Sesamcireblad:

aSkaraa, rom Sobadobis

mkveTri kleba indoeTis

SedarebiT wignier StatebSi

bevrad ganapiroba diskusiebma,

Tu raoden uaryofiTi

efeqti aqvs amas zogadad

sazogadoebisa da ker-

Zod axalgazrda qalebis mdgomareobaze.

Tuki azrma, rom

stabiluri Tanamedrove ojaxi

mcirericxovani unda iyos,

fexi moikida, vTqvaT, keralasa

Tu tamil nandus StatebSi,

es ZiriTadad swored

am sakiTxze gamarTuli mwvave

sajaro kamaTisa da Ria diskusiebis

Sedegia. keralas

StatSi axla Sobadobis koeficienti

1.7-ia (igive, rac

britaneTsa da safrangeTSi,

xolo CineTis _ 1.9-ze naklebia),

da es raime akrZalvebiT

ki ar iqna miRweuli, aramed

umTavresad axal faseulobaTa

danergviT, raSic

politikurma da socialurma

dialogma iTamaSa mTavari

roli; aseve, Tavad wignierebis

SedarebiT maRalma pro-

centma (yovel SemTxvevaSi am

mxriv misi maCvenebeli ufro

maRalia, vidre CineTis nebismieri

provinciisa), gansakuTrebiT

ki _ qalTa Soris, dadebiTad

imoqmeda amgvari

dialogis gamarTvis SesaZleblobaze.

gaWirvebac da uqonlobac sxvadasxva

saxis SeiZleba iyos:

zogi ufro advilad mosavlebia

sazogadoebis mxridan da

zogic _ Znelad. SesaZloa

raRac saerTo moTxovna gamodges

imis gansasazRvravad,

Tu, marTlac, ra `gvesaWiroeba~

Cven. magaliTad, uamravi

ramaa, rac SeiZleba didad

faseulad migvaCndes da amitomac

`saWirod~ CavTvaloT,

Tuki masze xeli migviwvdeba.

iqneb ukvdavebac ki visurvoT,

upaniSadebis gmir maitrias

msgavsad. magram Tavad am ukvdavebas

`saWiroebad~ ver

davsaxavT, im ubralo mizezis

gamo, rom, jerjerobiT mainc,

es sruliad miuRweveli ramaa.

moTxovnilebis Cveneuli gageba

pirdapir ukavSirdeba

Cvens warmodgenebs zogi saxis

gaWirvebis acilebadi

bunebis Taobaze da Cvensave

mosazrebas, Tu ra unda gakeTdes

amisaTvis; xolo swored

imis gasagebad, Tu ra

aris SesaZlebeli (socialur

SesaZleblobebze maqvs laparaki),

sajaro diskusia sazogadoebaSi

lamis gadamwyvet

rols TamaSobs. politikuri

uflebebi, sityvisa da diskusiis

TavisuflebasTan er-

Tad, aramarto Zireulad aucilebelia

ekonomikur moTxovnebze

sazogadoebis reaqciis

gamosawvevad, aramed

TviT am ekonomikuri moTxovnebiskonceptualizaciisTvisaa

saWiro.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

51

solidaroba

faseulobaTa

universaloba

gamodis, rom demokratiis

zemoxsenebul pretenzias

erTdroulad ramdenime sayrdeni

hqonia: pirveli, esaa

moqalaqeTa cxovrebaSi politikuri

Tanasworobisa da

piradi Tavisuflebis Tavis-

Tavadi Rirebuleba; meore _

politikuri neba-survili,

xelisufleba pasuxismgebeli

da angariSvaldebuli iyos _

es ukve gamoyenebiTi Rirebulebaa;

da mesame _ demokratiis

konstruqciuli Rirebuleba

faseulobaTa gadafasebisa

da moTxovnebis, uflebebisa

da valdebulebebis gaazrebis

procesSi. aqedan gamomdinare,

Sevecdebi davasabuTo

Cemi Tvalsazrisi demokratiis,

rogorc universaluri

faseulobis, Taobaze.

roca am debulebas ganixilavs

vinme, xSirad xazgasmiT

aRiniSneba xolme, rom demokratias

yvela rodi aniWebs

gadamwyvet mniSvnelobas,

gansakuTrebiT, Tuki arCevani

CvenTvis saWiro Tu sanatrel

movlenaTa Soris unda gakeTdes.

Tanaxma var, _ erTsulovneba

am sakiTxSi ar arsebobs,

da bevrisaTvis swored esaa

imis maniSnebeli, rom demokratias

universalur faseulobaTa

rigSi jerjerobiT

ver CavayenebT.

cxadia, aq meTodologiuri

SekiTxviT unda daviwyoT: ra

aris universaluri faseuloba?

raRac Rirebuleba rom

universalurad miviCnioT,

amisTvis uciloblad yvelas

Tanxmobaa saWiro? es rom

marTla ase iyos, universalur

faseulobaTa CamonaTvali


#1(28)

SesaZloa sulac Seuvsebeli

dagvrCenoda. ar arsebobs

faseuloba (TviT dedobis

cnebac ki), romelic odesRac

vinmes eWvqveS ar daeyenebinos

da, Sesabamisad, sayovel-

Tao Tanxmoba sulac araa

saWiro raimes universalur

faseulobad asaRiareblad.

ufro swori iqneba, Tu vityviT:

universalur faseulobad

rom vaRiaroT rame, msoflios

sxvadasxva kuTxeSi

xalxi masSi raRac Rirebuls

unda poulobdes.

rodesac mahaTma gandi ara-

Zaladobis universalur Rirebulebas

qadagebda, imas ki

ar amtkicebda, TiTqos yvelgan

yvela ukve ase daiwyebda

moqcevas, aramed miuTiTebda,

rom yvelas sakmao mizezi gaaCnda

mis dasafaseblad. aseve,

roca rabindranat Tagori

`azrovnebis Tavisuflebas~

acxadebda universalur Rirebulebad,

sulac ar egona,

TiTqos es yvelasTvis

misaRebi iyo _ ubralod, es

yvelasTvis saWirod miaCnda,

da swored am azris garkvevas,

axsnas da gavrcelebas Sealia

Tavisi dReni. ase da amgvarad,

yovelive, rasac universalobis

pretenzia aqvs, faqtobriv

analizsac moiTxovs _ gansakuTrebiT

im sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT,

marTla Tu miiCneva

Rirebulad is, rasac xalxi

manamde aseTad ar aRiqvamda.

roca demokratiul wyobas

Tundac Teoriulad usadageben

qveyanas, romelsac is jer

ar gaaCnia, da sadac xalxs

saSualeba ar hqonia demokratiis

Sesaferi wesisa da rigis

mixedviT ecxovra, ratom-

Rac winaswar varaudoben,

rom yvela uciloblad kma-

Solidarität

politika da ideologia

yofili darCeba. jer kidev

XIX saukuneSi amdagvari daSveba

gamoricxuli iyo, magram

Cvens droSi amis bunebrivad

miCneva (rasac me zemoT kompiuteruli

default programis

principi vuwode) far-

Tod gavrcelebul praqtikad

iqca. oRondac demokratiis

eqsportma ki ar Seamcira, gazarda

misi momxreebis rigebi

da iqac ki, sadac ukve TiTqosda

damkvidrebuli demokratiuli

sistema gadavarda,

farTo saprotesto gamosvlebis

CaxSoba mxolod sisxliani

represiebis Sedegad

xerxdeba xolme. bevri axlac

mzadaa Tavic ki gaswiros

demokratiuli wyobis dasabruneblad.

oRond maT, vinc

demokratiis universaluri

Rirebulebis Taobaze gamoTqvams

eWvs, argumentad erTsulovnebis

ararseboba ki ar

moaqvT, aramed regionalur

siWrelesa da dapirispirebaze

akeTeben aqcents. zogni

kidev ZiriTad mizezad qveynis

ukidures gaWirvebas asaxeleben,

anu amtkiceben, rom

Rataks puri sWirdeba da ara

demokratia. arada es, TiTqosda

metad efeqturi debuleba,

ormxriv mcdaria: jer

erTi, rogorc ukve aRvniSneT,

demokratiis damcavi roli

swored RaribTaTvis aris

mniSvnelovani: upirvelesad

SimSilobis, ekonomikuri

krizisis, potenciur msxverplTa

da aseve Tundac ekonomikaSi

CarTuli xalxisaTvis

politikuri xmis mosapoveblad.

demokratia araa is fufuneba,

romelsac SeiZleba

keTildReobis mosvlamde

davacdevinoT.

meorec, arafriT mtkicdeba,

TiTqosda Raribebi, arCevani

rom hqondeT, demokratias

52

}'vh'mksr

uaryofdnen. 70-ian wlebSi

indoeTis mTavrobam amave

argumentebze dayrdnobiT

scada, `krizisuli viTarebidan

gamomdinare~, zogi politikuri

da samoqalaqo uflebebis

Sekvecis aucilebloba

daesabuTebina, rasac

vadamdeli arCevnebis gamar-

Tva mohyva. eleqtoratic

swored am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT

gaiyo orad. sabolood

msoflios erT-erTi uRaribesi

indoeli amomrCeveli

uflebebis Tundac droebiTi

Sekvecis winaaRmdeg gamovida.

saerTod, moaruli azria,

TiTqos Rarib-RatakT samoqalaqo

da politikuri uflebebis

sakiTxi naklebad awuxebT;

realuri suraTi ki sul

sxvaa: samxreT korea, tailandi,

bangladeSi, pakistani,

birma, indonezia _ yvelgan

demokratiis gardaqmnebis

Taobaze midis Sexla-Semoxla.

amave dros, Tumca politikuri

Tavisufleba mkveTrad

SezRudulia afrikis kontinentis

nebismier qveyanaSi,

TiTqmis yvelgan saprotesto

gamosvlebi iwyeba, roca ki

viTareba odnav mainc iZleva

amis saSualebas.

,,kulturaTa

gansxvavebulobis~

argumenti

xSirad kidev erT arguments

gaigonebT zemoxsenebul

regionalur siWrelesa Tu

gansxvavebaTa Taobaze _ amjerad

ara ekonomikuri, aramed

ukve kulturis ganxriT;

maTgan yvelaze cnobili albaT

mainc e.w. `aziuri faseulobebia~.

mudam amtkicebdnen,

rom azielebi tradiciulad

ufro met pativs sce-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


men wesrigsa da disciplinas,

vidre politikur uflebebs

_ Sesabamisad, demokratiis

mimarT maT metad skeptikuri

damokidebuleba unda hqondeT.

metismetad saZneloa amgvari

fsevdointeleqtualuri debulebis

sasargeblod raime

xelmosaWidis povna nebismieri

aziuri qveynis istoriaSi,

gnebavT, indoeTi aviRoT,

gnebavT _ mTeli axlo aRmosavleTi,

irani da a.S. piriqiT,

SemiZlia dagisaxeloT

qristeSobamde III saukunis

warwerebi, imperator aSokas

droindeli, sadac mkveTrad

xazgasmulia Semwynareblobis,

pluralizmis saWiroeba

da, aseve, saxelmwifos valdebuleba

_ daicvas Tavisi

qveSevrdomi umciresobani.

azia metismetad farTo regionia,

da axla amas msoflios

mosaxleobis 60% miaTvaleT.

aseTi raodenobis xalxze raime

Tezisis ganvrcoba gansakuTrebiT

saeWvoa. Tumca am

`aziur faseulobaTa~ advokatebi

ZiriTadad Soreuli

aRmosavleTis qveynebs gulisxmoben.

dasavleTsa da azias

Soris dapirispireba maTi

azriT, tailandis aRmosavle-

TiT iwyeba, xolo danarCeni

nawili met-nakelbad mainc

`erTmaneTis msgavsia~. imave

li kuan ius Rrmaazrovani

mtkicebiT, fundamenturi

gansxvavebaa sazogadoebisa

da mmarTvelobis zogadad

dasavlur da konkretulad

aRmosavleTaziur gagebas

Soris, oRond, roca vambobT

_ aRmosavleTi azia _ vgulisxmobT

koreas, iaponias, CineTs,

vietnams da ara _ samxreTaRmosavleT

azias, rac mxolod

sino-induri kulturuli

faseulobebis raRac narevia,

Tumca ki Tavad indoeTi amave

faseulobebs aRiarebso.

magram es samxreT-aRmosavle-

Ti aziac, Tavis mxriv, imdenad

Wrelia, rom gansxvavebebi

TviT qveynebs SigniTac ki

uamravia, araTu qveynebs

Soris. aziuri faseulobebis

xsenebaze yvela konfucis

asaxelebs ZiriTad avtoritetad,

magram, vTqvaT, iaponiaSi,

CineTsa da koreaSi budisturi

tradiciebia ZirZveli

da farTod gavrcelebuli;

aseve, ukve didad fexmokidebulia

qristianuli moZRvrebac.

verafriT vityviT, TiTqos

romelime am kulturaTagani

wesrigis mcnebas Tavisuflebis

moTxovnaze maRla

ayenebdes.

metic, TviT konfuci aravis

moZRvravda saxelmwifos mimarT

brmad morwmune iyavi-

To. rodesac ci-lu daekiTxa,

rogor vemsaxuroT Tavadso,

man upasuxa (darwmunebuli

iyaviT, am naTqvams nebismieri

cenzori siamovnebiT amoSlida):

simarTle miuge, gindac

Seuracxyofili dagrCes. konfucis

arc sifrTxilis

grZnoba aklda da arc taqtis,

magram cudi mmarTvelobis

mxardasaWeri rCeva aravis-

Tvis miucia: `roca qveyana

swor gzas adgas, ilaparake

Tamamad da moiqeci Sesabamisad;

magram roca gezi mruddeba,

mainc iseve moiqeci,

oRond sityva ki Searbile~.

konfuci imazec miuTiTebda,

rom axla ratomRac wminda

aziur faseulobebad Seracxuli

ori niSansveti _ erTguleba

ojaxis mimarT da mor-

Cileba saxelmwifos mimarT _

SesaZloa erTmaneTsac daupirispirdes.

sxvaTa Soris, zo-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

53

solidaroba

gadad `aziur faseulobaTa~

apologetebis umravlesoba

saxelmwifos rols ojaxis

rolis Tavisebur gagrZelebad

miiCnevs; magram gavixsenoT

konfucis dialogi Ses

provinciis gamgebelTan:

`Cems qveSevrdomTa erTguleba

dausazRvravia~, cudmedidurad

ganacxada gamgebelma,

`erTi, romelmac cxvari

moipara, sakuTarma Svilma

amxila~. `CvenTan es sxvagvarad

esmiT~, gaepasuxa konfuci,

`mama Svils afarebs xels,

Svili mamas icavs, magram gana

esec erTgulebis niSani araa?~

saerTod, erTmniSvnelovani

aRqma ybadaRebuli `aziuri

faseulobisa~, romelic

TiTqosda demokratiasa da

politikur uflebebs ewinaaRmdegeba,

veraviTar kritikas

ver uZlebs. iqneba am Tezisis

mecnierulad dasabu-

Tebis moTxovna gulubryvilobac

ki iyos Cveni mxriv: mis

mqadagebelTa Soris arcerTi

analitikosi araa: mxolod

politikuri funqcionerebi,

isic umetesad avtoritaruli

reJimebis oficialuri Tu

araoficialuri damcvelebi

gamodian amgvari lozungebiT.

asea Tu ise, ki Rirs dasafiqreblad,

rom sanam Cven, akademiuri

wreebis warmomadgenlebi,

sruliad ususurni varT

politikaSi, praqtikos politikosebs

igive sWirT analitikuri

azrovnebis ganxriT.

Tanadrouli politikuri bataliebis

fonze, gansakuTrebiT

ki axlo aRmosavleTSi,

pirovnuli Tavisufleba xSirad

warmoisaxeba rogorc Zireulad

Seuwynarebeli da

miuRebeli ram islamis mimdevarTaTvis;

magram tradiciaTa

nairferovneba da saxesxva-


#1(28)

obani islamisTvisac iseve ni-

Sandoblivia, rogorc nebismieri

sxva sarwmunoebisTvis.

indoeTSi, gnebavT, akbari

gavixsenoT, gnebavT _ romelime

sxva imperatori did mogolTa

dinastiidan (im avadsaxsenebeli

aurangzebis gamoklebiT),

yvelani politikuri

Tu religiuri Semwynareblobis

karg magaliTs aCvenebdnen.

TviT Turqi imperatorebic

xSirad ufro dam-

Tmenni iyvnen, vidre zogi maTi

evropeli vis-à-vis. msgavsi magaliTebis

povna qairosa da

baRdadis mmarTvelTa Sorisac

iolad SeiZleba. bolos

da bolos, XI I saukunis saxelganTqmuli

ebraeli mecnieri,

maimonidi, iZulebuli Seiqna

mSobliuri evropidan mis

TanamoZmeTa mimarT bevrad

ufro tolerantul qairos

gadaxvewiliyo da ganswavlul

sulTan saladinisTvis eTxova

TavSesafari.

siWrele umravles kultura-

Ta niSandoblivi maxasiaTebelia

mTel msoflioSi, da am

mxriv arc dasavluri civilizaciaa

gamonaklisi. demokratiuli

mmarTvelobis is praqtika,

rac dResdReobiTaa Tanamedrove

dasavleTSi gabatonebuli,

ZiriTadad ganmanaTleblobis

epoqisa da industriuli

revoluciis

Sedegad miRebul konsensuss

eyrdnoba, da faqtobrivad,

XX saukuneSi iCina Tavi. aq

iseTi suraTis daxatva, TiTqos

mTel dasavleTs aTaswleulis

ganmavlobaSi pirdapir

dabedebuli hqonda demokratia,

xolo mere imave suraTis

aradasavluri (Tanac viTomda

monoliTuri) tradiciebis

mqone qveynebze proecireba

gvariani Secdoma iqneboda.

Tumca sakiTxis gamartivebi-

Solidarität

politika da ideologia

saken swrafva ara mxolod

vinme azieli samTavrobo warmomadgenlis

gamosvlebSia

sagrZnobi, zogi dasavleli

Teoretikosis naSromSic

TvalSisacemia.

nimuSad Tundac iseTi mar-

Tlacda mniSvnelovani avtoris

magaliTs movitan, rogorc

samuel hanTingtonia.

mis `civilizaciaTa SexlaSi~

is yovlad mcdari azria gamoTqmuli,

rom TiTqos `individualobis

gaazreba, saku-

Tari uflebebisa da Tavisuflebis

tradiciuloba~

mxolod dasavleTSi arsebobs

da es `unikaluri movlenaa

civilizebul sazogadoeba-

Si~. misive mtkicebiT, `dasavleTis

ZiriTadi maxasiaTebeli,

rac mas sxva civilizaciebisagan

ganasxvavebs, qronologiurad

win uZRoda dasavleTis

modernizaciis process~

da `dasavleTi Tanamedroveobamdec

dasavleTi iyo~.

esaa swored is debuleba, Cemi

azriT, veraviTar `axloiT

ganCxrekas~ rom ver uZlebs.

ase Cans, mavani azieli maRal-

Cinosnis yoveli Rrmaazrovani

gamonaTqvami raRac `aziur

faseulobaTa~ Taobaze iqve

poulobs sapirispiro gamoZaxils

romelime dasavleli inteleqtualis

mxridan, oRond

egaa, ramdenic ar unda Camoawodos

erTma da moigerios

meorem, amgvari burTaoba

veranairad ver Seuwyobs

xels demokratiis universalur

Rirebulebad cnobas.

sakiTxis dasmis wesiT

me Sevecade mimomexila ramdenime

problema, rac dakav-

Sirebulia demokratiis pre-

54

}'vh'mksr

tenziasTan universalur Rirebulebad

warmogvidges. es

moicavs demokratiis Tavis-

Tavad faseulobas adamianTa

arsebobisaTvis, mis gamoyenebiT

rols politikuri nebis

warmoqmnisasa da konstruqciul

funqcias imave faseulobaTa

SeqmnaSi. yovelive

amas namdvilad ara aqvs regionaluri

xasiaTi _ sxvaTa Soris,

iseve, rogorc arc mkacri

wesrigisa da disciplinisadmi

midrekilebas: faseulobaTa

nairgvaroba saer-

Tod damaxasiaTebelia umetes

da, SesaZloa, yvela umTavresi

kulturisaTvis. ase rom,

zemoxsenebuli `kulturaTa

gansxvavebulobis~ argumenti

sruliad aradamajerebeli

winaRobaa Cveni dRevandeli

arCevanisaTvis. es arCevani ki

marTlac dResvea gasakeTebeli,

Tuki demokratiis im funqcionalur

rols gaviTvaliswinebT,

razedac damokidebulia

kidec misi Semdgomi gavlena

Tanamedrove samyaroSi.

es sakiTxi umniSvnelovanesia

da, rogorc vTqvi, araviTari

regionaluri maxasiaTeblebi

ar udgas winaRobad. swored

esaa demokratiis, rogorc

universaluri faseulobis,

safuZveli: is arc kultura-

Ta raRac gamogonil tabuirebas

emorCileba da arc civilizaciebis

viTomda istoriul

gansazRvrulobas.

pirvelad daibeWda

JurnalSi `sazogadoeba da

politika~ N3

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


TOLERANCE

nu moklav

amboben, rom aTasma qarTvelma

inteligentma sakanonmdeblo

organosgan saaxalwlo sa-

Cuqari, indauri, miiRo. swored

ise, rogorc arCevnebis

win mRvdelmTavrebma _ jipebi.

sanam elitaruli indauri

`eris saukeTeso nawilis~ qvabebSi

ixarSeboda, pirveli

arxis generalurma prodiuserma,

giorgi Wanturiam,

unikaluri nobaTi mogvarTva:

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

55

solidaroba

jafaras!

lela gafrindaSvili

`saqarTvelos moqalaqeebisadmi

TanagrZnobiTa da siyvaruliT

savse~ frazebi, sadac

igi gansxvavebuli SesaZleblobebis

adamianebs `xeibrebad~

moixseniebs, homoseqsualebs

_ `pidarastebad~,

tolerantoba `korkotas~

ZmabiWuri SeZaxilebi hgonia,

xolo pirveli arxis ganaxleba

_ gogo-biWebiT misi dakompleqteba.

Tanac darwmunebulia,

rom sicocxle mxolod


#1(28)

`norCebs~ gulisxmobs, xolo

danarCenebi, gansakuTrebiT

xandazmuli qalebi, unda

`mokla~, raTa axalgazrdebiT

dasaxlebul kunZuls, anu

televizias, suli STabero;

`es televizia cocxalia. Cveni

pirveli amocana iyo beberi

qali mogvekla, romelTanac

asocirdeboda es televizia...~

xelisuflebis favoritTagan,

cxadia, saxelmwifo moxelis

qsenofobia aravis gauprotestebia.

sazogadoebis nawili

ki axmaurda, ayvirda, magram

kuluarulad da ara _

organizebulad!

amas pirveli arxis mesveurTa

Tavis marTleba mohyva: Cven

gamokvleva CavatareT da respondentTa

umravlesobam sazogadoebrivi

mauwyebeli moxuc

qals Seadarao.

sazogadoebam Tqva, televizia

moxuc qals hgavso da ara _

moxuci qali unda moklaTo!

iqneb saqarTvelos moqalaqeebs

`qalis~ tansacmeli anu

aparatura da studiebi ar

moswonT? iqneb, Tanamedrove

Solidarität

TOLERANCE

kulturuli, socialuri da

politikuri cxovrebis asaxvis

simwireze miganiSnaT, ris

gamoc teleeTeri bebiebis mier

mravaljer moyolil, moyir-

Webul zRapars emsgavseba.

am sakiTxebze rom gefiqraT,

maSin mixvdebodiT, rom `axlis~

Sesaqmnelad `Zveli~ ki ar unda

`mokla~, aramed am ori ukiduresobis

Tanaarseboba unda

asaxo. aseT SemTxvevaSi televizia

socializmze damynil

patriarqats ki ar daemsgavseba,

aramed _ realur cxovrebas,

sadac socialurad sustebi

da Zlierebi, religiuri

da eTnikuri jgufebi, kulturuli

da politikuri erTobebi

Tanaarseboben. ai, es aris

saintereso da es zrdis sociumSi

tolerantobis xarisxs,

romelic Turme, misi warmomadgenlis

ganmartebiT, pirveli

arxis prioriteti ar aris.

giorgi Wanturias azrebis wakiTxvis

Semdeg pirveli, vinc

gamaxsenda, swored am saxelmwifo

moxelis bebia iyo, akademikosi

qeTevan lomTaTiZe,

afxazur-adiRuri enebis sferoSi

unikaluri gamokvlevebis

avtori. maSin, roca bevri

qarTveli mkvlevari, politikuri

da sazogado moRvawe afxazebis

damamcirebeli, Seuracxmyofeli

gamokvlevebis

tiraJirebiT iyo garTuli,

qalbatoni qeTevani swored

afxazuri da abazuri enebis

TviTmyofadobasa da Cvens

saerTo kavkasiur naTesaobaze

saubrobda. misi redaqtorobiT

2003 wels gamocemuli

`qarTul-afxazuri leqsikoni~

xom unikaluria Tavisi

mniSvnelobiT. amitom gamor-

Ceulad uyvardaT igi afxa-

56

}'vh'mksr

zebs da ase moikiTxavdnen

xolme: `Õàí òàáàêîó?~ anu sad

aris Cveni dedao? Cvens uaxloes

warsulSi es Warmagi

enaTmecnieri rom vinmes gaxseneboda

da mSvidobis mSeneblobis

procesSi CaerTo, an

televiziiT misi wvlilis

amsaxveli siuJetebi moemzadebinaT,

vin icis, iqneb Tavidan

agvecilebina Zveli da

axali omi! qeTevan lomTaTi-

Ze xom 2007 wlis 22 seqtembers,

96 wlisa gardaicvala! magram

aseTi saqmis gakeTebas jer

codna sWirdeba, Semdeg _ socialuri

problemebisadmi

mgrZnobeloba da adamianebisadmi

TanagrZnoba, risi deficitic

qarTul mediasivrceSi

namdvilad didia.

axla ki mTavari! istoriebi,

romlebmac Tavis droze bevri

ram maswavla da rogorc bebiam

_ SviliSvils, ise minda

movuyve pirveli arxis generalur

prodiusers.

VERBA MAGISTRA

Cems quCaze erTi geologi kaci

cxovrobda, romelsac bavSvebis

Wkuis darigeba uyvarda.

dagvinaxavda Tu ara erTad

Sekrebilebs, maSinve raime

grZel, didaqtikur leqcias

Cagvitarebda, bolos xels

zecisken gaiSverda da ityoda:

''VERBA MAGISTRA'' da

iqve ganmartavda _ `maswavleblis

sityva~.

zafxulobiT `magistrasTan~

moskovidan misi ZmisSvili, Temo,

Camodioda: gabRenZili,

xmeli da maRali biWi. Soridan,

saxeze damcinavi RimiliT,

gvaTvalierebda `kla-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


sobanas~ TamaSiT garTul

gogonebs. mere Tavis Robeze

Semojdeboda da gamayruebel

stvenas iwyebda.

mas albaT arasodes gavicnobdi,

rom ara erTi SemTxveva:

Cveni quCis oRro-CoRro qvafenilze

erTxelac moxuci

qali ise daeca, rom ramdenime

wuTi ugonod egdo. qudmoglejili

gavvardi dasaxmareblad:

wamovayene. mosulierda

Tu ara, madlierebiT Semomxeda,

Tavi damikra da gza

gaagrZela.

roca gamoverkvie, Tavis Robeze

Semomjdari Temo davinaxe,

ucnaurad iRrijeboda da

fexebs iqnevda. arc ganZreula.

vifiqre _ mival, xels

vkrav da gadavayiraveb-meTqi,

magram vin macala? Soridanve

SemomZaxa:

– À òû Êðèñòè ÷èòàëà?

uaris niSnad Tavi gaviqnie, razec

erTi kargad gadaixarxara

da miTxra:

– Êàê ÿ íå äîãàäàëñÿ, òû âåäü

ïî-ðóññêèé ÷èòàòü íå óìååøü?

sibrazisagan ena dameba, magram

mainc sxapasxupiT CamovuTvale

moTxrobebi, romlebic

swored rusulad wavikiTxe.

– Î, ýòè-æå íàøè! ß ïðî

çàãðàíè÷íûõ ñïðàøèâàë. ß áû

îäîëæèë, íî ñ ñîáîé íå âçÿë,

÷åðåç ãîä ïðèíåñó.

madloba gadavuxade da misi

qarTulis codniT davinteresdi.

miTxra, sami welia vswavlob

da ukve moTxrobebsac

vwer qarTulado, Tu ginda _

wagakiTxebo. sixaruliT dav-

Tanmxdi.

meore dResve 48-furcliani

rveuli momitana, romelzedac

wiTelpomadiani qali exata

da didi asoebiT ewera: `nu

moklav mgalobel Cits!~ gamalebiT

daviwye kiTxva. moTxroba

sul 40-45 gverdi iyo,

Tan didi, uswormasworo asoebiT

naweri. fanqris rux uferulobas

wiTeli pastiT Ses-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

57

solidaroba

rulebuli adgilebi arRvevda.

Tanac es wiTeli Canar-

Tebi imdenad gulmodgined,

lamazad iyo dawerili, rom,

roca kiTxvas movrCi, Cems

wignakSi didi rudunebiT gadavwere

da xSirad viyenebdi

Tanatolebis dasamoZRvrad.

ai, isinic:

`adamians SeuZlebelia gaugo,

Tu cota xniT mis Tvalsazrisze

ar gadaxvedi. mis kanSi

unda SeZvre da gaiar-gamoiaro.

Tu es fokusi aiTvise,

maSin Zalian gagiadvildeba

Sengan gansxvavebul adamianebTan

urTierToba...~

`ici ra aris kompromisi? es

aris, roca adamianebi erTmaneTs

uTmoben da am gziT Se-

Tanxmdebian~.

`arasodes moixsenio Savkanianebi

`zangebad~!

`TeTrkanianma qalma Savkanian

mamakacs akoca, acduna igi da


#1(28)

amiT moraluri kanoni daar-

Rvia. misma survilma kanonze

gaimarjva, axla ki _ misi sircxvilis

mowme, tom teilori,

unda moiSoros. mas sazogadoebac

eTanxmeba, radgan Cveni

azriT xom yvela Savkaniani

matyuara da uzneoa. magram

Cven aseve yvelas mogvexseneba,

rom mxolod zogierTi

Savkaniania matyuara da uzneo.

magram es msjeloba xom

ara mxolod erT rasaze, aramed

yvela adamianze Tanabrad

vrceldeba?! aba romel Cvengans

ar ucruia da ar moqceula

uRirsad?!~

`adamianma, romelsac bavSvebi

`saSinelebas~ veZaxdiT, me da

jims sicocxle gvaCuqa... yvela

adamiani kargia, Tu is bolos

da bolos gaicani...~

iseTi aRfrTovanebuli viyavi,

rom Temos davumegobrdi.

Tvali sul misi ezosken

meWira. me `Ramura~ var da

radgan maTi sxveni mTeli

Rame ganaTebuli iyo, vifiqre

_ namdvilad axal moTxrobebs

wers-meTqi, magram gamawbila:

Solidarität

TOLERANCE

iq ubralod Suqs ar vaqrob-

To. erT TveSi Temos ezo

xalxiT gaivso. mezoblebma

Tqves _ `magistras~ deda, keke,

gardaicvalao. saxtad davrCi!

maTTan mesame adamiani

arasdros daminaxavs.

dakrZalvaze uamravi xandazmuli

qali movida. keke rusulis

maswavlebeli yofila,

respublikis damsaxurebuli

pedagogi.

sapanaSvido miTqma-moTqmaSi

isic gavarkvie, rom ganaTebuli

sxvenis binadari swored

is iyo: sicocxlis bolo wu-

Tamde Sromisunariani, bevrs

kiTxulobda da SviliSvilis-

Tvis moTxrobebs qarTulad

Targmnidao. roca ukanasknel

gzaze acilebdnen, Tvali

cxedrisken gameqca da Cemi

gadarCenili moxuci Sevicani.

ra didi Wkua undoda imis mixvedras,

rom mezobeli biWis

mier Tavisad gasaRebuli

moTxroba `sxvenis Citma~ dawera.

xolo, roca 1986 wels,

harper lis `nu moklav jafa-

58

}'vh'mksr

ras~ qarTulad wavikiTxe,

mivxvdi saqmis namdvil arss:

keke bebiam es novela rusulidan,

improvizebulad Targmna.

kidev erTxel gavbrazdi moxuci

qalis gamo, romlis gonierebasa

da niWs namdvilad

unda vumadlode am ukvdavi

Txzulebis ideebTan ziarebas:

rogor ar unda daCagro

Senze susti da Sengan gansxvavebuli

adamiani, iseve, rogorc

ar unda mokla jafara,

_ Citi, romelic ar erCis

naTesebs, ar emtereba glexis

nugeSad gamovsebul beRels,

_ mxolod galobiT gvatkbobs

da Tvisuflad dafrinavs!

saswrafod Cemi wignaki mov-

Zebne: ukve meramdened vkiTxulobdi

harper lis azrebs

da guls amoucnobi sevda mim-

Zimebda _ albaT, keke bebias

gamo. rogor cdilobda SviliSvilisaTvis

TanagrZnoba

eswavlebina! Secda! siyvaruli

ar iswavleba, es niWi an

geZleva, an _ ara. mis cdas

rom nayofi gamoeRo, maSin

Temo moamage bebias sxvenis

martoobisTvis ar gaimetebda,

qvafenilze dacemuls wamoayenebda

da, rogorc avtors

da maswavlebels, arasdros

`moklavda~. aba, warmoidgineT,

ras uzams Citebs aseTi adamiani!

HELICHRYSUM

anu ukvdava

Cemi STagonebis wyaro buneba

arasodes yofila. misi sidiade

da sworupovroba cota

maSinebda, ufro sevdas mgvrida,

vidre _ sixaruls. ai,

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


cxovelebi da adamianebi! maT

zneze dakvirveba, maTi bunebis

amocnoba yovelTvis mainteresebda.

amitomac rogorc

giJs, ise vuyurebdi Cems naTesavs,

meqis, romelic dedam

miatova da mama da dedinacvali

zrdidnen. sazafxulo

ardadegebze igi dedaCemis

mSobliur saxlSi Tavmoyril

bavSvebs erTi-ori kviriT

aucileblad gvestumreboda

xolme. dilauTenia garboda

tyeSi. uamravi yvavili, fo-

Toli, fesvebi mohqonda, derefnis

mzian mxares alagebda

da yvelas gvafrTxilebda:

`xeli ar axloT, ar SeawuxoT,

Torem herbariumi gamifuWdeba!~

Sepyrobili iyo mcenareebiT.

leqsebsac mxolod

maT uZRvnida. erTi maTgani

maxsovs _ ''Fragaria ananassa''

erqva.

SuadRisas msxlis ZirSi bav-

Svebs Tavs mogviyrida da,

magaliTad, gvkiTxavda: iciT

ras niSnavs ''Helichrysum''?

uaris niSnad Tavebs gavaqnevdiT

Tu ara, iwyeboda gulan-

Tebuli saubari am mcenaris

butkoze, gvirgvinis furclebze,

mtverze, foTlebze,

fesvebze da sicocxlis xangrZlivobaze.

avad iyo amiT,

amitom Txroba da msmenelebi

wamaliviT sWirdeboda. erTxel

dedamiwis Sesaxeb bWoba

bebiaCemis azrma gaawyvetina:

_ meti Sen ra giTxari! dedamiwa

rom brunavdes, erTxel

mainc rogor ar movxvdebodi

moskovSi?

_ ha, ha, ha! dedamiwa Sens gar-

Semo ki ara, Tavisi RerZis

garSemo moZraobs! _ upasuxa

meqim saxtad darCenil gogucas.

zafxuli zafxuls mosdevda

da herbariumi herbariums

emateboda. magram moxda ubedureba:

erTxelac es sasoebiT

dagrovili `simdidre~

dedinacvalma dauwva, xolo

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

59

solidaroba

leqsebi sul nakuwebad uqcia

_ ra biWis saqmea es sisuleleebio.

meqi TviTgvemas mieca:

aRarc skolaSi dadioda

da saxlidanac fexs aRar

dgamda gareT. nel-nela moego

gons. amasobaSi me skola

davamTavre da studenti

gavxdi. moulodnelad

damireka da mestumra:

_ saxlidan wamovedi, veRar

gavuZeli im kudians, _ miTxra,

_ axla coli unda Seir-

Too. Tan Tavis biZaSvils

mirigebs: aba, es Cemi simwriT

nagrovebi qoneba viRac gombios

xom ar unda darCes, ar

jobia Cemianma gaixaroso?

iseTi Tavzardacemuli da

Seuracxyofili iyo, rom Zlivs

davamSvide. SuaRamisas wavida.

karebSi idga, roca Tqva:

_ geficebi, mainc ar mZuls,

ufro mecodeba!

im wuTSi misi gulmowyaleba

ar davijere. megona ityoda _

mZuls qalebio (dedisa da dedinacvlis

gamo!), magram axla

vxvdebi, rom marTali iyo, radgan

am biWs mxolod siyvaruli

SeeZlo da amisTvis isjeboda.

_ aRar mixseno eg arakaci! sul

dalewa yvelaferi, `madonac~

ki! _ miyviroda meore dRes

yurmilSi misi dedinacvali.

saqarTvelos televiziis pirveli

arxis generaluri prodiuserisTvis

meqi pidarastia,

dedinacvlisTvis _ arakaci,

xolo CemTvis _ mcenareTa

sulTampyrobeli berbiWa,

Helichrysum anu igive

ukvdava.


#1(28) TOLERANCE

epilogi

sanam Cven saxelmwifo moxeleTa

qsenofobias vebrZviT,

`nu moklav jafaras~ avtori,

harper li, 82 wlis gaxda da

mxolod etliT gadaadgildeba;

gia Wanturias sityvebiT,

`beberi xeibari qalia~,

magram igi aravis daviwyebia:

arc saxelmwifos da arc _ sazogadoebas.

2007 wels `aSS-s

prezidentis medali mSvidobisaTvis~

miiRo, xolo 2008-Si

alabamis Statis iuristTa

asociaciis sapatio wevrad

airCies. telegadacemebic

miuZRvnes, sadac samarTalmcodne

qali uzado gulmodginebiT

ixsenebda im jildoebs,

romlebic 1960 wlidan,

anu wignis gamosvlidan,

dRemde `saukunis saukeTeso

novelad~ aRiarebulma misma

moTxrobam da mis safuZvelze

gadaRebulma filmma (re-

Jisori robert maligani) miiRes.

uamrav gamoxmaurebas

Solidarität

Soris harpers yvelaze

mniSvnelovnad erTi afroamerikeli

qalis azri miaCnia:

`roca Tqveni wigni wavikiTxe,

14 wlis viyavi. man Secvala

Cemi cxovreba!~

diax, aseT wignebsa da harper

lis msgavs adamianebs SeuZliaT

gavlena moaxdinon sxvebis

Sexedulebebze, cxovrebaze,

gaxadon isini ufro

humanurebi da tolerantulebi.

xolo roca `korkota~

ambobs _ Cemi mezobeli vania

petrovi ra jigari biWi iyoo

_ es `Zmoba da gagebaa~ da ara

_ tolerantoba!

60

}'vh'mksr

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


media

presis

fridon sayvareliZe

organizaciis

`Jurnalistebi

sazRvrebs gareSe~

daskvna

saerTaSoriso arasamTavrobo

organizaciam `Jurnalistebi

sazRvrebs gareSe~ gamoaqveyna

2008 wels msoflioSi presis

Tavisuflebis morigi

reitingi, anu presis Tavisuflebis

msoflio indeqsi

(Worldwide Press Freedom Index

2008). am organizaciis mier

gamoqveynebul rigiT me-7 reitingSi

asaxulia informacia

173 saxelmwifos Sesaxeb 2007

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

61

solidaroba

Tavisufleba msoflioSi

2008 wels

bolo wlebis ganmavlobaSi avtoritetuli saerTaSoriso

organizaciebi regularulad atareben gamokvlevebs,

romlebic obieqtur suraTs gvixataven msoflios

sxvadasxva qveyanaSi demokratiiis, adamianis

uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis, ekonomikis, presis

Tavisuflebis mdgomareobis Sesaxeb. am werilSi swored

presis Tavisuflebis mxriv msoflioSi arsebul

mdgomareobaze visaubrebT. ZiriTadad daveyrdnobiT

gavleniani saerTaSoriso organizaciis `Jurnalistebi

sazRvrebs gareSe~ (,,Reporters Without Borders”) gamokvlevebs,

agreTve `Tavisuflebis saxlis~ (,,Freedom House”) monacemebs 1 .

wlis 1 seqtembridan 2008

wlis 1 seqtembramde. siaSi

adgilis misaniWeblad Semu-

Savebulia kiTxvari, romelic

49 punqtisgan Sedgeba. mxedvelobaSi

miiReba Jurnalistebis

mimarT Zalis gamoyenebis

yvela SemTxveva (mkvleloba,

dakaveba, dapatimreba,

saqmianobaSi xelis SeSla),

cenzurisa da TviTcenzuris

xarisxi, mediis finansuri

damoukideblobis xarisxi

da a.S.

Catarebuli kvlevis monacem-

Ta mixedviT, yvelaze


#1(28)

Tavisufali media aris islandiaSi,

xolo yvelaze ara-

Tavisufali TurqmeneTSi

(171-e adgili), Crdilo koreasa

(172-e adgili) da eriTreaSi

(173-e adgili). moxsenebis

ZiriTadi daskvna isaa, rom,

rogorc irkveva, sityvis Tavisufleba

im qveynebSi ki ar

yvavis, sadac ekonomikuri ke-

TildReobaa, aramed iq, sadac

mSvidoba sufevs. moxsenebis

avtorebis monacemebiT,

im demokratiuli qveynebis

indeqsi, romlebic CarTulni

arian konfliqtebSi ucxo

qveynebis teritoriebze, magaliTad,

aSS-sa (romelic 36-e

adgils iyofs espaneTTan da

ramdenime sxva qveyanasTan er-

Tad) da israelisa (46-e adgili),

yovelwliurad iklebs.

maT aviwroeben sxva, magali-

Tad, afrikisa da karibis

auzis qveynebi, sadac presis

Tavisufleba yovelwliurad

met garantiebs iZens. meore

daskvnis mixedviT, saerTaSoriso

Tanamegobrobis kritikul

damokidebulebas avtoritaruli

reJimebis mimarT,

rogoricaa kuba (169-e adgili)

an CineTi (167-e adgili),

efeqturi Sedegebi ar moaqvs.

`msoflio 11 seqtembris Semdeg

mniSvnelovnad Seicvala.

did demokratiul qveynebSi

destabilizacia sufevs. es

qveynebi cdiloben Tavi daicvan

da TandaTan amcireben

sxvadasxva TavisuflebaTa

sivrces. ekonomikurad mZlavri

diqtaturebi Tavxedurad

saubroben sakuTari avtoritarizmis

Sesaxeb, sargebloben

ra uTanxmoebebiT, romlebic

msoflio Tanamegobroba-

Si arsebobs, da im ngreviT,

romlebic moaqvs oms

Solidarität

media

terorizmTan brZolis lozungebiT.

religiuri da politikuri

tabu yovelwliurad

sul ufro wina planze

gamodis im qveynebSi, romlebic

adre Tavisuflebis gziT

midiodnen~, _ weren moxsenebis

avtorebi. am konteqstSi

isini fiqroben, rom presis

Tavisuflebis sruli ararseboba

msofliosgan daxurul

qveynebSi, sadac qveyanas sityvis

Tavisuflebis mtrebi

marTaven, sruli dausjelobis

viTarebaSi xdeba, radgan

saerTaSoriso organizaciebi,

rogoricaa, magaliTad, gaero,

kargaven Zalauflebas

da ver axdenen gavlenas saku-

Tar wevrebze. msoflioSi

arsebuli es viTareba ufro

met SesaZleblobebs uqmnis

ekonomikurad sust, patara

qveynebs, sadac, miuxedavad

yvelafrisa, xelisufleba

Tavis moqalaqeebs aZlevs

sakuTari gansxvavebuli azris

qonis da misi sajarod

gamoxatvis garantias 2 .

presis Tavisuflebis indeqsis

mixedviT pirvel sam adgils

erTnairi qulebiT iyofen islandia,

luqsemburgi, norvegia;

Semdeg modian: 4-6 _ estoneTi,

fineTi, irlandia, 7-12

_ belgia, latvia, axali zelandia,

slovakeTi, SvedeTi,

Sveicaria. pirvel oceulSi

18 adgili evropul qveynebs

ukaviaT (maT ematebaT axali

zelandia da kanada). siaSi

wamyvan adgilebze arian agreTve

centraluri amerikisa

da karibis regionis qveynebi.

aRsaniSnavia rom karibis auzis

qveynebi, mag., iamaika (21-e

adgili), kosta rika (22-e adgili),

surinami (26-e adgili),

uswreben safrangeTs, espaneT-

62

}'vh'mksr

sa da italias. bolo 2 welia

safrangeTi rekordebs amyarebs

JurnalistTa saqmianobaSi

policiisa da sasamarTlos

Carevis SemTxvevaTa raodenobiT,

2008 wels aq xSiri

iyo presis muSakebis Cxrekis,

dakavebisa da dakiTxvaze gamoZaxebis

SemTxvevebi, agreTve

informaciis wyaros gamJ-

Ravnebis moTxovna. amitom

frangebi mxolod 35-e adgilze

arian. espaneTi eta-s3

`wyalobiT~ 36-e adgils ver

ascda, xolo mafiozuri klanebis

mier ganxorcielebuli

Zaladobisa da cudi sazogadoebrivi

klimatis gamo italia

44-e adgilzea.

evrokavSiris 27 wevri saxelmwifo

da bulgareTi pirvel

60 qveyanas Soris arian. moxsenebis

avtorebi bulgareTs

(59-e adgili) evropis kontinentis

`cud mowafes~ uwodeben

saxelmwifo struqturebis

korumpirebulobis gamo. am

qveynis magaliTi amtkicebs,

rom arCevnebi, pluralizmi

da ramdenime sakonstitucio

garantia ar aris sakmarisi

piroba sityvis Tavisuflebis

uzrunvelsayofad. imisaTvis,

rom es Tavisufleba realurad

arsebobdes, qveyanaSi

unda Seiqmnas klimati, romelic

keTilismyofel gavlenas

moaxdens informaciis

gavrcelebisa da gamoxatvis

Tavisuflebaze.

afrikuli qveynebidan kargi

maCveneblebi aqvT namibias

(24-e adgili) da ganas (31-e

adgili). siis saTaveSi myof

qveynebs, ekonomikur ganviTarebaSi

arsebuli didi sxvaobebis

miuxedavad (mag., islandiisa

da iamaikis mTliani

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


Sida produqtis Sefardeba

aris 1:10), aerTianebT is, rom

am saxelmwifoebSi moqmedebs

saparlamento demokratia da

isini ar iReben monawileobas

saomar moqmedebebSi.

sxva mizezebTan erTad 2007

wlis noembris movlenebma,

gansakuTrebiT telekompania

`imedis~ darbevam da sagangebo

mdgomareobis gamocxadebam

da, ra Tqma unda, agvistos

samxedro konfliqtma

saqarTvelo wina wels dakavebuli

66-e adgilidan 120-e

adgilze gadaisrola, xolo

samxedro moqmedebebma niger-

Si es qveyana 2007 wels dakavebuli

95-e adgilidan 130-e

adgilze CamoaqveiTa.

im qveynebSi, romlebic sxvadasxva

intensivobis konfliqtebSi

arian CaTreulni, Jurnalistebi

represiebis

msxverplni xdebian an sasikvdilo

safrTxe emuqrebaT da

iRupebian samxedro moqmedebebis

Sedegad. nigeris dedaqalaq

niameiSi saerTaSoriso

franguli radiosa da organizaciis

`Jurnalistebi saz-

Rvrebs gareSe~ korespondentis,

musi kakas, amaswinandeli

gaTavisufleba cixeSi gatarebuli

384 dRis Semdeg, aseve

sami al-xajis gaTavisufleba,

romelmac amerikuli

samxedro bazis guantanamos

banakSi 6 weli gaatara patimrobaSi,

Segvaxsenebs, rom saomari

moqmedebebi Jurnalistebs

Tavisuflebasac arTmevs.

2008 wels msoflioSi moklulia

60 Jurnalisti _ naTqvamia

organizaciis `Jurnalistebi

sazRvrebs gareSe~ moxsenebaSi.

2007 wels daRupul

JurnalistTa raodenoba 87-s

aRwevda, Tumca es ar iZleva

optimizmis safuZvels, radgan

bevr qveyanaSi presis Tavisufleba

kidev ufro SeizRuda.

JurnalistebisTvis yvelaze

saxifaTo qveynebad miCneulia

erayi, pakistani da filipinebi.

2008 wels eraySi 15 Jurnalisti

mokles, pakistanSi _

7, filipinebSi _ 6.

aq mokled unda SevCerdeT

zemoT xsenebul musa kakas

saqmeze, radganac vfiqrobT,

rom igi qarTvel mkiTxvels

advilad gaaxsenebs msgavs vi-

Tarebas saqarTvelos uaxlesi

istoriidan. es ki Sedarebisa

da gansjis saSualebasac

mogvcems.

2007 wlis TebervalSi tuaregebis

TaosnobiT Seqmnil-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

63

solidaroba

ma SeiaraRebulma opoziciurma

moZraobam _ `nigerielebis

moZraoba samarTlianobisaTvis~,

ajanyeba daiwyo im

mizniT, rom ukeT yofiliyo

daculi samSvidobo xelSekruleba,

riTac dasrulda tuaregebis

wina ajanyeba 1995

wels. kerZod, moTxovnebi

xelSekrulebis socialuri

da ekonomikuri debulebebis

realizacias exeboda. moZraobis

warmomadgenlebma mokles

40 samxedro mosamsaxure,

bevri maTgani moitaces. agvistoSi

prezidentma mamadu

tanjam 3 Tvis vadiT SemoiRo

sagangebo mdgomareoba, ramac

Zalovan struqturebs eWvmitanilTa

dakavebisa da patimrobaSi

maTi didi xniT datovebis

damatebiTi saSualeba

misca, kanoniT gansazRvruli

48 saaTis nacvlad. noemberSi

sagangebo mdgomareoba kidev

3 TviT gaxangrZlivda. prezi-

erayeli da amerikeli jariskacebi daRupuli Jurnalistebis fotoebiani

baneris fonze, romelzec aris warwera: Sewydes JurnalistTa mkvleloba

(2003 wlis martidan dRemde eraySi, sul cota, 129 Jurnalistia mokluli)


#1(28)

dentma tanjam uaryo sazogadoebis

yvela moTxovna ajanyebulebTan

dialogis dawyebis

aucileblobis Sesaxeb da

maT `banditebi da narkomovaWreebi~

uwoda.

xelisuflebam aukrZala presas

ajanyebis movlenebis ga-

Suqeba. erTi TviT SeCerda

radiosadgur `Radio France

International~-is muSaoba, xolo

sami TviT _ gazeT `Air-info~-si.

ori Jurnalisti daakaves, maT

Soris iyo musa kaka, kerZo

radiosadgur `Saraouniya~-s direqtori

da radio `France

International~ is korespondenti.

mas wauyenes braldeba _ `Tanamonawileoba

saxelmwifo

gadatrialebis mcdelobaSi~,

rac samudamo patimrobas iTvaliswinebda.

braldeba eyrdnoboda

musa kakas satelefono

saubrebs ajanyebulebTan.

xangrZlivi sasamarTlo pro-

Solidarität

media

cesis msvlelobisas mosamar-

Tle im daskvnamde mivida, rom

samxilebi, razedac agebuli

iyo braldeba da romlebic

warmodgenili iyo satelefono

saubrebis CanawerTa saxiT,

ukanono gziT iyo mopovebuli

(sic! vfiqrobT, kargi masalaa

SedarebisaTvis). prokurori

amas, ra Tqma unda, aprotestebda,

magram sabolood

kaka gaaTavisufles.

saomar mdgomareobaSi myofi

qveynebi, rogoricaa erayi

(158-e adgili), pakistani

(152-e adgili), avRaneTi

(156-e adgili), ver wyveten

maT winaSe mdgom politikur

problemebs. aq presas seriozuli

siZneleebi xvdeba.

mkvlelobebi, gatacebebi,

ukanono dapatimrebebi, sikvdilis

muqara _ ai am qveynebis

Jurnalisturi yoveldRiuroba.

aq Jurnalistebi

64

musa kaka

}'vh'mksr

aramarto dapirispirebuli

mxareebis samizne xdebian, aramed

maT xSirad sdeben brals

romelime partizanuli moZraobisadmi

kuTvnilebaSi.

CineTSi 2008 wels 38 Jurnalisti

daapatimres. moxsenebis

avtorebi amas pekinis olimpiadas

ukavSireben. pekinsa

da SanxaiSi Jurnalisturi

saqmianoba kvlavac saxifaToa.

aseve saxifaToa es iseT qveynebSi

rogoricaa irani (166-e

adgili), uzbekeTi (162-e adgili),

birma (170-e adgili).

qveynis meTaurTa mravalricxovani

fotoebi quCebSi Tu

gazeTebis pirvel gverdebze

tunisSi, belorusiaSi, siriasa

Tu ekvatorul gvineaSi

gamousworebel skeptikosebsac

ki advilad daarwmunebs

imaSi, rom sityvis Tavisufleba

am qveynebSi ar arsebobs.

bolo adgilebze myof qveynebSi

(TurqmeneTi, Crdilo

korea, eriTrea) met-naklebad

SeniRbuli diqtatoruli re-

Jimebi moqmedebs. maTi mosaxleoba

praqtikulad mowyvetilia

danarCen msoflios da

adgilobrivi propagandis

tyveobaSi imyofeba. eriTrea

ukanasknel wlebSi myarad

inarCunebs bolo adgils;

prezidenti isais afevorki

da misi nacional-paranoikuli

mcirericxovani klani ise

marTavs am yvelaze axalgazrda

afrikul qveyanas, rogorc

Ria cis qveS arsebul

uzarmazar cixes. saerTaSoriso

Tanamegobroba dauRalavad

imeorebs, rom saWiroa

dialogi, magram amas ver

moaqvs sasurveli Sedegebi,

radgan am qveynebis mTavro-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


ebi mSvidad uaryofen braldebebs

anda sulac ar reagireben

maTze.

garda amisa, zogierTi didi

qveyana presis mimarT uxeS,

usamarTlo da SemaSfoTebel

politikas atarebs. asea rogorc

venesuelaSi (113-e adgili),

sadac ugo Cavesis re-

Jimi moqmedebs, aseve ruseTSi

(141-e adgili), sadac xelisuflebis

saTaveSi medvedevis

mosvlis miuxedavad vi-

Tareba sruliad ar gaumjobesebula.

am qveyanaSi matulobs

Jurnalistebis mimarT

Zaladobis SemTxvevebi, maT

akaveben opoziciur mitingebze,

iZulebiT aTavseben fsiqiatriul

klinikebSi da sxv.

saxelmwifo da opoziciuri

media mkacrad kontroldeba.

ana politkovskaias msgavsad

Jurnalistebi yovel wels

iRupebian ruseTSi `ucnob

pirTa~ tyviebiT. moxsenebis

avtorebma Jurnalistebis

mkvlelebi faqtobrivad kremlis

specsamsaxurebTan kav-

SirSi daadanaSaules.

siis SuagulSi aRmoCndnen

gaboni, kameruni, iordania,

maroko, omani malaizia. am

qveynebSi akrZalulia presaSi

qveynis umaRlesi xelisuflis

araTu kritika, aramed xsenebac

ki, iqneba es mefe Tu

prezidenti, xolo senegalsa

da alJirSi arsebuli drakonuli

kanonmdebloba xelisufalT

Jurnalistebis dakavebisa

da dapatimrebis `kanonier~

uflebas aniWebs.

egvipteSi internetsaitebis

mier inicirebulma masobrivma

areulobebma sakmaod SeaSfoTa

xelisufleba, romelic

dRes nebismier internetmomxmarebels

qveynis potenciur

mtrad aRiqvams. CineTSi uzarmazar

Tanxebs xarjaven internet

momxmareblebis gasakontroleblad,

xolo siriaSi

msoflio qselis kontroli

imdenadaa ganviTarebuli,

rom internetSi ganTavsebuli

TviT umniSvnelo kritikuli

publikaciis avtoris dapatimreba

mxolod da mxolod

drois sakiTxia.

postsabWoTa sivrceSi saqar-

Tvelos garda situacia seriozulad

gauaresda somxeTSi

(102-e adgili), sadac seriozuli

mRelvarebebis gamo

aseve sagangebo mdgomareoba

iyo gamocxadebuli.

azerbaijani 150-e adgilzea,

belorusia 154-ze, uzbekeTi

162-ze, TurqmeneTi, rogorc

ukve vTqviT, 171-ze. postsab-

WoTa sivrceSi kvlav inarCuneben

liderobas baltiis qveynebi

(estoneTi _ 4-e adgili,

latvia _ 7-e adgili, litva _

16-e adgili). ukraina 87-e adgilzea.

`Tavisuflebis saxlis~

daskvna

msoflioSi presis Tavisuflebis

morigi reitingi gamoaqveyna

agreTve gavlenianma

saerTaSoriso organizaciam

`Tavisuflebis saxlma~ 4

(Freedom of the Press 2008: A

Global Survey of Media Independence).

195 saxelmwifo dayofilia

sam jgufad. I jgufSi

Sevidnen is qveynebi, sadac

presa `Tavisufalia~, I I -Si _

`nawilobriv Tavisufali~ da

I I I -Si _ `araTavisufali~. `Ta-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

65

solidaroba

Jurnalisturi saqmianoba kvlavac saxifaToa

visuflad~ 72 qveynis mediaa

miCneuli, `nawilobriv Tavisuflad~

_ 59-isa, xolo `ara-

Tavisuflad~ _ 64-isa. moxsenebis

avtorebi amtkiceben, rom

aRmosavleT evropaSi da yofili

sabWoTa kavSiris qveynebSi

moxda Zalian seriozuli

Seteva presis Tavisuflebaze.

gansakuTrebuli regresi

SeiniSneba ruseTSi, yirgizeTsa

da saqarTveloSi. amave

dros garkveuli gaumjobeseba

aRiniSneba mxolod samxreT

afrikasa da axlo aRmosavleTis

qveynebSi.

presis Tavisuflebis mxriv

lideroben fineTi da islandia

(isini yvelaze mcire _ 9

sajarimo quliT 1-2 adgilebs


#1(28)

iyofen) Tavisufal qveynebs

miekuTvneba agreTve dania,

norvegia, belgia, SvedeTi,

luqsemburgi, andora, niderlandebi,

axali zelandia da

Sveicaria. aSS 21 adgilzea.

postsabWoTa sivrceSi presa

Tavisufalia mxolod baltiis

qveynebSi: estoneTi me-16 adgilzea

(germaniasTan, portugaliasTan,

monakosTan da

sxvebTan erTad), litva 25-zea

(did britaneTTan, CexeTTan

da kanadasTan erTad), latvia

ki _ me-40-ze (safrangeTTan,

slovakeTTan da sxvebTan

erTad).

`nawilobriv TavisufalTa~

rigs miekuTvnebian ukraina

(110-e adgili), saqarTvelo

60 sajarimo quliT 128-e adgili

keniasTan, paragvaisTan

da kambojasTan erTad. danar-

Ceni postsabWoTa qveynebi

`araTavisufal~ qveynebs

ganekuTvnebian: moldaveTi

da somxeTi 144-e adgilebs

iyofeben, Semdeg modian

yirgizeTi (156-e adgili),

azerbaijani da tajikeTi

(168-e adgili) yazaxeTi da

ruseTi (170-e adgili), uzbekeTi

(189-e adgili) da TurqmeneTi

(193-e adgili). TurqmeneTze

uaresi mdgomareoba

mxolod mianmasa (yofili

birma) da Crdilo koreaSia.

zemoTqmulidan SeiZleba

davaskvnaT, rom presis TavisuflebisTvis,

sul cota,

sami ram aris saWiro: sazogadoebrivi

moTxovna, xelisuflebis

politikuri neba

da mSvidoba.

Solidarität

SeniSvnebi:

media

1 sakuTari daskvna avtoritetulma uflebadamcavma organizaciam Human

Rights Watch-mac gamoaqveyna, sadac adamianis uflebebTan dakavSirebul

sxva sakiTxebTan erTad msoflioSi presis Tavisuflebis mdgomareobis

Sesaxebac aris saubari. am daskvnas amjerad dawvrilebiT aRar

ganvixilavT, radgan mis Sesaxeb sakmaod daiwera Cvens presaSi. daskvnis

sruli teqstis naxva SesaZlebelia organizaciis saitze _ www.hrw.org

2 saerTaSoriso organizaciis `Jurnalistebi sazRvrebs gareSe~ moxsenebis

sruli teqstis naxva SeiZleba organizaciis saitze: http://www.rsf.org

3 eta _ (baskurad Euskadi Ta Askatasuna _ `baskebis qveyana da Tavisufleba~) _

baskuri memarcxene nacionalisturi organizacia, romelic gamodis

espaneTis am Crdilo regionis damoukideblobis moTxovniT.

4 saerTaSiros organizaciis _ Freedom House-is moxsenebis xilva SeiZleba

organizaciis saitze: http://www.freedomhouse.org

66

}'vh'mksr

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


orientiri

desmond tutu -

nino beqiSvili

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

67

solidaroba

samarTlianobisTvis mebrZoli

`cisartyelas qveynis~ Svili

`Cemi humanizmi ar arsebobs Tqveni humanizmis gareSe.

Cven mxolod erTad SegviZlia viyoT humanurebi~.

desmond tutu

desmond tutus dRes mTel

msoflioSi icnoben rogorc

mSvidobis damcvel cota axirebul,

araCveulebrivi iumoris

mqone moxuc episkoposs

`cisartyelas qveynidan~. gamoTqma

`cisartyvelas qveyana~

masve ekuTvnis, _ odes-

Rac ase uwoda Tavis samSoblos,

samxreT afrikas, _ multikulturul

da multieTnikur

qveyanas, romlis mcxovreblebi

erTmaneTisgan kanis

feriTac gansxvavdebian.

gasuli saukunis meore naxevari

desmond tutus gareSe

Zalian bevrs dakargavda. adamiani,

vinc nelson mandelas-

Tan erTad daamarcxa XX saukunis

erT-erTi yvelaze sastiki

aparteidis reJimi, dRes

ukve mTel planetaze mSvidobisa

da samarTlianobis damkvidrebisTvis

iRvwis da cdilobs,

yvela Cagrul da gaWir-

vebaSi myof adamians gamoesarClos,

_ aravis da arafers

erideba da mravalnair xerxs

mimarTavs: wignebs wers, bevrs

mogzaurobs, leqciebs kiTxulobs,

sxvadasxva saerTaSoriso

konferenciebze gamodis,

holivudis varskvlavebs xvdeba

da intervius aZlevs; dabolos

_ 73 wlis episkoposma

brodveis speqtaklSic ki iTamaSa,

romelsac ase hqvia: `guantanamo

_ Rirsebam Tavisufleba

unda daicvas~. tutus

gmiri, mosamarTle, brals

sdebs amerikis mTavrobas,

romelic guantanamos samxedro

bazaze tyve Talibebs araadamianur

pirobebSi amyofebda.

speqtakls adamianis uflebebis

Sesaxeb seminarebi da

leqciebi erTvoda, romleb-

Sic cnobili sazogado moRvaweebi

iRebdnen monawileobas.

`es ufro qadagebaa,

vidre speqtakli~, werda


#1(28)

`Taimsi~, amitomac mqadageblis

kaTedras miCveul episkoposs

ar gauWirda rolSi

Sesvla. is, rasac mTeli cxovreba

emsaxureba, anu adamianis

uflebebi, roca dasWirda,

desmond tutum msaxiobis

ampluaSic daicva.

desmond tutu mTeli msoflios

qristianTa gaerTianebisTvis

iRvwis da ambobs, rom

eklesiebs mxolod gaerTianebis

SemTxvevaSi SeuZliaT efeqturad

ibrZolon samarTlianobisTvis.

`warmoidgineT,

ra moxdeboda CrdiloeT irlandiasa

da sxva qveynebSi,

iq rom eklesiebi erTad gamodiodnen

da saubrobdnen.

eklesiaTa cal-calke dgoma

kidev ufro aRrmavebs politikur,

ekonomikur da socialur

ufskruls~.

tutu msoflioSi cnobil oc

sxva akademikosTan, politikosTan

da sazogado moRvawes-

Tan erTad gaeros generaluri

mdivnis erT mniSvnelovan

iniciatiavaSi monawileobs.

Alliance of Civilizations _ ase

hqvia am wamowyebas, romlis

mizani eqstremizmis CaxSoba

da im kulturuli da socialuri

barierebis gadalaxvaa,

romlebic dasavleTisa da

muslimuri samyaros polarizebas

da mtrobas iwvevs.

dRes tutus bevri akritikebs

palestineli xalxis Ria

mxardaWerisTvis. `holokosti

ar aZlevs imis uflebas ebraelebs,

rom mSvidobiani palestinelebi

daxocon~ _ amgvari

gamonaTqvamebis gamo tutus

antisemitizmSi dasdes brali

da mkacradac gaakritikes.

2006 wlis 30 noembridan des-

Solidarität

orientiri

mond tutu gaeros adamianis

uflebebis sabWos mandatiT

Seqmnil misias xelmZRvanelobs,

romlis mizani israel-

Si Catarebuli samxedro operaciebis

dros adamianis uflebebis

darRvevis faqtebis

moZieba da dadgenaa. cnobilia,

rom am operaciebis dros

uamravi udanaSaulo moqalaqe

daiRupa.

SarSan zafxulSi, pekinis

olimpiadis dros, desmond

tutum, vaclav havelTan da

sxva ramdenime nobeliantTan

erTad msoflios politikur

liderebs mouwoda ar Casuliyvnen

pekinSi, sadac adamianis

uflebebi irRveva; imave

gancxadebaSi man mkacrad

gaakritika ruseTi CeCneTis

omis gamo, da danarCeni msoflio

_ imitom, rom Tvali daxuWa

CeCneTSi amdeni wlis

ganmavlobaSi mimdinare barbarosobaze,

rasac uamravi

udanaSaulo adamiani Seewira.

desmond tutu radikaluri

gancxadebebiT gamodis homoseqsualTa

uflebebis dasacavadac.

1998 wels man kenterberiis

episkoposs jorj

keris miswera, _ mrcxvenia,

anglikani rom varo. es lambertis

konferenciis Semdeg

moxda, roca anglikanma episkoposebma

homoseqsual mRvdlebs

msaxureba aukrZales

da aRniSnes, rom maTi seqsualuri

orientacia SeuTavsebeli

iyo wmida werilTan.

`RmerTi, albaT, qviTinebs,

roca xedavs, ra saSinelebebs

vukeTebT erTmaneTs, da am

yvelafris fonze eklesia, da

gansakuTrebiT anglikanuri

eklesia, poulobs dros imisaTvis,

rom adamianebis seq-

68

}'vh'mksr

sualobaze isaubros. Tuki

RmerTi, rogorc isini amboben,

homofobia, maSin me ver

vcem Tayvans aseT RmerTs.

garyvnilebaa CaTvalo, rom

adamiani homoseqsualobas

Tavad irCevs. mxolod SeSlili

Tu moindomebs iseTi

cxovrebis wesis arCevas, romlis

gamoc ase SeiZuleben.

rasistul sazogadoebaSi

SeiZleba aseTive warmatebiT

amtkico, rom adamianebi Tavad

irCeven kanis fers~. ma-

Sin, am gancxadebis gamo

desmond tutus lamis mTeli

saqristiano daupirispirda.

kenterberiis episkoposma

lord kerim ganacxada, tutu

tolerantobasa da homoseqsualobis

propagandas erTmaneSi

urevso, inglisSi ka-

Tolikuri eklesiis warmomadgenelma

en vidkombma ki

aRniSna, rom desmond tutu

yvela zRvars gadavida da

cdilobs waSalos sazRvari

orientaciasa da moqmedebebs,

WeSmaritebasa da sicrues

Soris. am kritikas xanSiSesuli

episkoposi ase pasuxobs:

`ver gamaCumebT. me im realobidan

movdivar, sadac adamianebs

Zalian didi xnis ganmavlobaSi

awamebdnen imis gamo,

rasac, romc moendomebinaT,

ver Secvlidnen _ TavianTi

eTnikuri warmomavlobis

gamo. Cven imitom vitanjebodiT,

rom ar gvqonda TeTri

kani. Semdeg, Zalian didi xnis

ganmavlobaSi, Cveni eklesia

ar aRiarebda qals da Cvenc

kacobriobis udides nawils

ganvikiTxavdiT da vsjidiT

kvlavac imis gamo, rasac ver

Secvlidnen _ TavianTi sqesis

gamo. da amitom dRes me bednieri

var, rom Cems eklesiaSi

bevri ram Seicvala. bednieri

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


var, rom aparteidi warsuls

Cabarda. xolo maSin, roca es

yvelaferi iyo, me ver vCumdebodi.

Cemi arsebis arcerT

nawils gulxeldakrefili

jdoma ar SeeZlo, imitom, rom

vxedavdi, xalxs sjidnen, devnidnen,

ise epyrobodnen, rogorc

adamianis modgmaze dabla

mdgom arsebebs, Tanac mxolod

imis gamo, rasac ver Secvlidnen

_ kanis ferisa da seqsualuri

orientaciis gamo.

qriste, romlisac mwams, aris

RmerTi, romelic mudam damcirebulTa,

wamebulTa mxares

iyo, metic, man gansacdelSi

Tavi swored amis gamo Caigdo~.

desmond tutu mTel msoflioSi

siRaribis dasaZlevadac

ibrZvis. sxvadasxva saqvelmoqmedo

RonisZiebebSi monawileobs

da politikosebs mouwodebs,

yvelaferi iRonon

siRaribis dasamarcxeblad.

interviuSi, romelic SarSan

bred pits misca, tutum am

problemazec isaubra: `saqme

Zalian martivadaa, Tu sazogadoeba

Raribia, es logikurad

xdeba arastabilurobis

saTavec. Tu am Rarib sazogadoebas

momgebiani ekonomikuri

cxovrebis awyobaSi

waexmarebian, maSin is arastabilurobis

keridan karg sabazro

asparezad iqceva xolme.

ver vxvdebi, rogor SegviZlia

vxarjoT warmoudgenlad

didi Tanxebi Tavdacvaze.

zustad ar vici, es ra jdeba,

magram xom faqtia _ laparakia

koSmarulad did Tanxebze,

miliardebze, trilionebze...

isRa damrCenia imedi viqonio,

rom jer Tqvennairi

adamianebi da Semdeg Cvennairi

ubralo adamianebic xmas

aimaRleben da ityvian: `mo-

diT, SevwyvitoT es sisulele.

es, ubralod, uazrobaa!~

amxela Tanxebis gamoyofa Tavdacvis

sistemebis Seqmnaze

ukuSedegs iwvevs _ dRevandel

msoflioSi mcxovrebi adamiani

Tavs kidev ufro daucvelad

grZnobs. erT-erTi yvelaze

kompleqsuri da Zvirad-

Rirebuli Tavdacvis sistema

amerikas aqvs. magram misi

mwyobridan gamoyvana kabelis

erTi makratliTac SeiZleba.

anu gamodis, rom ar arsebobs

100 procentiT daculi da

saimedo sistema. garwmunebT,

gacilebiT ukeTesia, jer megobrebi

SeiZino, vidre yvela

Seni mteri gegonos manamde,

sanam sawinaaRmdegoSi ar

darwmundebi... sul amis Tqmas

vcdilob xolme da axlac gavimeoreb:

Tqven gindaT eomoT

terorizms? erTs getyviT

mxolod: am oms ver moigebT!

morCa! am oms ver moigebT

manam, sanam Zirfesvianad

ar aRmofxvriT im faqtorebs,

rac xalxis sasowarkveTisa

da gamwarebis mizezia.

mxolod amis Semdeg gaiazrebT,

rom ukve SegiZliaT,

mSvidad isxdeT da aRar ganerviulebdeT

is faqti, rom

viRac Tqvenze gabrazebulia

da SurisZiebas apirebs~.

ubuntus filosofia, mSobliuri

bantus tomis gamocdileba

mTel msoflios desmond

tutum gaagebina. dRes

erT-erT yvelaze popularul

Ria operaciul sistemas es

ucnauri saxeli _ ubuntu _

hqvia. TviTon tutu ubuntus

arss imave interviuSi ase

ganmartavs: `ubuntu adamianad

yofnis arsia. Cvens enaze adamiansac

veZaxiT ubuntus da

am sityvasve vxmarobT, roca

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

69

solidaroba

gvinda vTqvaT, ras niSnavs

iyo adamiani. Zireulad,

ubuntu isaa, rasac yvelaze

xSirad Zvel aRTqmaSi awydebi.

swored Zveli aRTqmis

teqstebSi _ vTqvaT, fsalmunebis

kiTxvisas _ xandaxan ver

xvdebi zustad ra igulisxmeba

`me~-Si: mxolod erTi individi,

Tu individTa krebuli.

CvenTanac asea: adamians

vafasebT sxva adamianebTan

mimarTebaSi. ar SeiZleba iyo

adamiani da sxva adamianebisgan

gancalkevebiT idge. adamiani

mxolod urTierTobebSi xar.

Cven namdvilad gvaqvs imis

unari da potenciali, rom

yvela varCinoT, yvela, mTel

planetaze. Cven gvaqvs imis

potenciali, rom yvelas hqondes

sufTa wyali, xelmisawvdomi

jandacvis sistema. Cven

gvaqvs imis potenciali, rom

yvela bavSvs Cautardes saWiro

acrebi. SegviZlia Tavidan

aviciloT im sneulebaTa

umravlesoba, riTac uamravi

bavSvi itanjeba Cveni planetis

uRaribes qveynebSi. da

RvTis gulisTvis! ratom ar

SegviZlia im faqtis aRiareba,

rom ar Segvwevs unari, movipovoT

sruli usafrTxoeba?

Tu apireb Tavdacvis sistema

Seqmna, maSin is gamonaklisebis

gareSe yvelas unda icavdes.

Tu ginda iyo Tavisufali,

ubralod, ver SeZleb am

faseulobiT karantinis pirobebSi

datkbe. Tu ginda Tavisufali

iyo, maSin yvela, absoluturad

yvela Sens garSemo,

Tavisufali unda iyos. dabolos,

Tu ginda iyo adamiani,

marto ver iqnebi. adamianebi

adamianurobas erTad aRweven~,

_ ambobs desmond tutu

da es misi ZiriTadi gzavnilia

kacobriobisTvis.


#1(28)

desmond tutu samxreT afrikaSi,

klerksdorpSi daibada

1931 wels, mamamisi, zaqaria

tutu, meTodisturi skolis

pedagogi iyo, deda _ diasaxlisi.

tutu meTodistur eklesiaSi

monaTles, magram Semdeg

mTelma ojaxma Seicvala

rwmena da anglikanebi gaxdnen.

mas Semdeg, rac iohanesburgSi

gadavidnen, man sulier

moZRvrad Trevor hadlstoni

airCia, mRvdeli, romelic

bedavda d aparteidis

mwvave kritikiT gamodioda.

tutum saSualo skola iohanesburgSi

daamTavra, Zalian

undoda eqimi gamxdariyo,

magram mis xelmokle mSoblebs

swavlis safasuris gadaxda

ar SeeZloT. bakalavris diplomi

iohanesburgis universitetSi

miiRo da 1954-57

wlebSi saSualo skolaSi daiwyo

maswavlebloba. 1957 wels,

mas Semdeg, rac saxelmwifom

bantusTvis diskriminaciuli

saganmanaTleblo kanonebi miiRo,

tutum protestis niSnad

maswavlebloba miatova

da gadawyvita, mRvdeli gamxdariyo.

swavla gaagrZela,

1960 wels iohanesburgis wmida

petres saxelobis Teologiuri

koleji daamTavra da

sasuliero samsaxurs Seudga.

misTvis Zalian mniSvnelovani

iyo is gamocdileba, rac londonis

samefo kolejSi swavlisas

miiRo. tutu samSobloSi

Teologiis magistris

diplomiT da sakuTar TavSi

bevrad ufro darwmunebuli

dabrunda. Semdeg igonebda,

rom swored evropaSi miRebulma

gamocdilebam misca

saSualeba ufro gabedulad

da mwvaved ekamaTa `TeTreb-

Tan~.

Solidarität

orientiri

meore msoflio omis Semdeg

samxreT afrikaSi gamarjvebulma

nacionalurma partiam

qveyanaSi diskriminaciuli re-

Jimi daamyara, romelic mTel

msoflioSi apartiedis saxeliTaa

cnobili. es reJimi

mkacr rasobriv segregacias

gulisxmobda, rasac, bunebrivia,

samxreT afrikis Savkaniani

mosaxleobis protesti

mohyva. protests Tavidan

masobrivi xasiaTi ar hqonia.

maSin, 60-ian wlebSi, antiaparteiduli

moZraoba jer mxolod

fexs ikidebda.

1975 wels, desmond tutu

iohanesburgis RvTismSoblis

taZris mRvdelmTavari gaxda;

is iyo pirveli Savkaniani,

romelic am postze dainiSna.

misi antiaparteiduli gamosvlebic

yvelaze aqtiurad am

dros daiwyo. am periodSive

gamZafrda antiaparteiduli

moZraoba mTel qveyanaSi.

tutusTvis politika da religia

ganuyofeli cnebebia.

`RmerTi bibliaSi Cans, rogorc

politikuri gamocdilebis

gansaxiereba, is, vinc

adamianebs monobisgan aTavisuflebs~

_ werda desmond

tutu 1976 wels, roca souetos

axalgazrdobam aparteidis

winaaRmdeg Zaladobrivi

gzebiT daiwyo brZola. maSin

desmond tutum Savkanian aqtivist

mxato monaloisTan

erTad moaxerxa, rom axalgazrdobis

protests mSvidobiani

formebi mieRo. Tumca,

miuxedavad amisa, maSin 600

feradkaniani moqalaqe gaxda

aparteidis reJimis msxverpli,

aTasobiT daiWra, Zalian

bevri daapatimres. axda is,

rasac desmond tutu premier-ministr

vorsters pirad

70

}'vh'mksr

werilSi swerda _ samxreT

afrikaSi situacia denTis

kasrs hgavs, romelic nebismier

wuTs SeiZleba afeTqdeso.

maSin ministrma Savkanian

mRvdels ar upasuxa. samxreT

afrikis mTavrobas tutu ukve

arasaimedo da saSiS mowinaaRmdeged

miaCnda.

1978 wels lesotis episkoposi

desmond tutu samxreT afrikis

eklesiaTa sabWos generalur

mdivnad airCies. mis

organizaciaSi 13 milioni

qristiani Sedioda, romelTa

80 procenti feradkanianebi

iyvnen. am organizaciis saxeliT

tutu aparteidis diskriminaciuli

sistemis dasrulebas

moiTxovda. misi qadagebebi

beWduri saxiT mTel

qveyanaSi vrceldeboda. eklesiaTa

sabWos ZiriTadi

saxsrebi ki ukanonod datusaRebul

moqalaqeebsa da maT

ojaxebs xmardeboda. tutu

Semdeg ixsenebda, rom samxreT

afrikaSi samarTlianobisTvis

brZolis yvelaze mniSvnelovani

momentebi maSin dgeboda,

roca eklesia aSkarad gamodioda

aparteidis winaaRmdeg:

`maxsovs, ormocdaaTi

sasuliero piri, sxvadasxva

konfesiis wamomadgenlebi,

ekumenuri jgufis wevrebi,

iohanesburgSi dagvapatimres,

imitom, rom demonstacia gavmarTeT

_ Cveni kolegis dakaveba

gavaprotesteT. sasamarTlos

sardafSi kamerebSi

visxediT, ganaCens velodiT

da Tan vloculobdiT, liturgiac

aRvavlineT. aw gansvenebulma

kongregacionaluri

eklesiis meTaurma da eklesiis

erTobis komisiis Tavmjdomarem

ver moiTmina, aqviTinda

da miTxra: amdeni

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


xania eklesiis erTobisTvis

viRvwi, maram arasdros ganmicdia

is, rasac axla ganvicdio.

maSin iqve, kameraSi, movagroveT

fuli erTi axalgazrda

qalisTvis, romelsac,

Tu jarimas ar gadaixdida,

patimroba eloda~.

Tavis qadagebebSi, gamosvleb-

Si, wignebSi desmond tutu

Riad akritikebda samxreT

afrikis mTavrobas, romelmac

didi qalaqebidan Savkaniani

mosaxleobis Sor provinciebSi

masobrivad gadasaxleba

daiwyo. amasTanave is mTel

msoflioSi mogzaurobda leqciebis

wasakiTxad da kritikis

tribunad evropisa da aziis

televiziebs iyenebda. daniaSi

yofnisas tutum televiziiT

mouwoda evropis mTavrobebs,

ekonomikur blokada-

Si moeqciaT samxreT afrikis

respublika da es berketi

sruliad udanaSaulo, mSvidobiani

feradkaniani moqalaqeebis

dasacavad gamoeyenebinaT.

aRsaniSnavia isic, rom

desmond tutu ara mxolod

samxreT afrikis mTavrobas

akritikebda, aramed gmobda

ramdenime antiaparteiduli

dajgufebis Zaladobriv

taqtikasac. miaCnda, rom

saWiroa molaparakeba, rom

terorizmi gamosavali ar

aris. misi brZola, erTi

mxriv, qveynis TeTrkaniani

mTavrobis winaaRmdeg iyo

mimarTuli, meore mxriv ki _

zogadad Zaladobis winaaRmdeg.

miuxedavad imisa, rom desmond

tutus pasporti orjer

CamoarTves (es ki samxreT afrikaSi

seriozul gafrTxilebas

niSnavda), mas arasdros

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

71

solidaroba

Seuwyvetia brZola. is afrTxilebda

mTavrobas, rom re-

Jimis gamkacreba axal sisxlisRvrebs

gamoiwvevda.

1984 wels, maSin, rodesac

samxreT afrikis mTavrobam

samxreT-afrikis eklesiaTa

sabWos finansuri moRvaweobis

Seswavla gadawyvita, da

iq `darRvevebic~ aRmoaCina.

desmond tutus mSvidobis

nobelis premia mianiWes. ma-

Sin norvegiis nobelis komitetis

erT-erTma wevrma, egil

orvikma ganacxada: `wlevandeli

premia unda ganvixiloT

rogorc yvela im samxreT

afrikelis gmirobisa da gambedaobis

aRiareba, vinc mSvidobiani

gzebiT ibrZvis aparteidis

winaaRmdeg. komitets

surs ganacxados, rom mSvidobis

premia ara mxolod desmond

tutusa da samxreT-af-


#1(28)

rikis eklesiaTa sabWos aRiarebaa,

aramed samxreT afrikis

im moqalaqeebisac, romlebmac

Cveni simpaTia adamianuri

Rirsebis, erTobisa da

demokratiis erTgulebis

gamo daimsaxures~.

sanobele sityvaSi desmond

tutum aRniSna: `mSvidoba ar

aris iq, sadac ar aris samarTlianoba.

viyoT mSvidobis

momxreebi, mSvidobis momxreT

ufalma caTa sasufeveli

gaumzada. Tu mSvidoba gvinda,

samarTlianobis saxeliT

unda vibrZoloT~.

1984 wlis noemberSi anglikanur

episkoposTa sinodma

desmond tutu keiptaunis

episkoposad airCia, ori wlis

Semdeg is pirveli Savkaniani

arqiepiskoposi gaxda. maSin

tutu souetos SavkanianTa

ubanSi dasaxlda. mas arasdros

ucxovria TeTkanianTa

prestiJul kvartalSi, mdidrul

saepiskoposo rezidenciaSi.

1985 wels qalwuli mariamis

taZarSi tutum mouwoda samxreT

afrikis TeTrkanian mosaxleobas,

gagebiT mohkidebodnen

feradkanianebs. `saqme

is aris, rom Cvenc Cveulebrivi

adamianebi varT. Cvenc

gviyvars ojaxTan erTad yofna,

gvixaria, roca saRamoobiT,

samsaxuris Semdeg Sin vbrundebiT

da Svilebi gvxvdebian.

amaSi araferia araCveulebrivi.

es nebismieri adamianis

moTxovnilebaa. Cven gvinda

vixiloT axali afrika, sadac

yvelani, TeTrkanianebi da

Savkanianebi, erTad SevxvdebiT

im momavals, romelic

ufalma gagvimzada~.

Solidarität

orientiri

aparteidis dasrulebis Semdeg,

1995 wels nelson mandelam

desmond tutu `simarTlis

da Serigebis sabWos~ Tavmjdomared

daniSna. es organizacia

aparteidis dros adamianis

uflebebis darRvevis

faqtebs iZiebda da saWiro

SemTxvevaSi damnaSaveebis amnistias

awerda xels. 1999 wlamde

sabWom 7 aTasamde saqme

ganixila da aqedan mxolod

150 braldebulis Sewyalebas

moawera xeli. danarCenebis

saqmeebi Sesabamis organoebs

gadaeca Semdgomi ZiebisTvis.

desmond tutus principulobis

gamo sabWos muSaobas uamravi

skandali sdevda Tan; ma-

Ti saSualebiT imgvar faqtebs

exdeboda farda, romelTa

Sesaxeb xmamaRla ver imsjelebdnen.

sabWos muSaobis Sedegad

xangrZlivi patimroba

miesaja polkovnik iujin de

koks, romelic afrikelebis

gamosvlebs sastiki meTodebiT

axSobda. desmond tutus

sabWo arc antiaparteidulad

ganwyobil afrikelebs indobda.

maT amxiles nelson mandelas

yofili meuRle vini

madikizela-mandelac da aparteidis

dros ZaladobaSi dasdes

brali.

desmond tutu nobelis premiis

garda uamrav humanitarul

jildos flobs, maT Soris,

gandis saxelobis premiasac.

tutus swams, rom msoflioSi

arsebul mraval dapirispirebasa

da omSi damnaSavea ara

religia, aramed adamianis

ugunureba: `problema religiebSi

ar aris, radgan religia

sinamdvileSi bevr ara-

Cveulebriv adamians Sobs...

72

}'vh'mksr

ai, Tundac budizmi. budizmma

Sva dalai lama. ai, Tundac

induizmi _ man Sva mahaTma

gandi. qristianobis nayofia

deda tereza, martin luTer

kingi. es saerTo suraTia, romelsac

versad wauxval, unda

aRiaro. magram Cndeba kiTxva:

rogor SeiZleba erTma ramem

Svas kargic da cudic? amas

imitom vambob, rom arsebobda

igive ku kluqs klani. ku

kluqs klani iCemebda, rom

qristianobis principebiT

moqmedebda. anda SexedeT,

ras akeTeben CrdiloeT irlandiaSi.

uyureb yovelive

amas da gamogaqvs daskvna:

ara, es ar aris religiisa da

rwmenis problema, radgan

arasdros arcerTi religia

morwmunisgan ar iTxovs

mkvlelobas. arcerT religias

arasdros ar uqadagia

erTi adamianis mier meoris

Seviwroeba~.

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


Sinaarsi

grigol feraZis saxeli sab-

WoTa saqarTveloSi didi xnis

ganmavlobaSi tabudadebuli

iyo, magram dRes TiTqmis aRar

darCa gazeTi, mis Sesaxeb rom

ar moeTxro mkiTxvelisaTvis.

literaturulsa da samecniero

periodikaSi qveyndeba

misi narkvevebi da qadagebebi.

am unikaluri adamianis moRvaweobas

sami dokumenturi

filmi mieZRvna, maT Soris

erTi poloneTSia gadaRebuli,

sadac misi saxelobis taZari

Sendeba da misi sazogadoeba

daarsda.

aRmosavleTmcodneebi grigol

feraZes klasikosad

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

73

solidaroba

WeSmariti

moqalaqeobisa

beqa mindiaSvili

`moqalaqeoba aris brZola Tavis wresTan, Tavis TavTan.

moqalaqeoba moiTxovs Segnebas, patiosnebas, fiqrs,

mxneobas, Wkuas; moqalaqeoba moiTxovs naTlianTvaliT

sagnebis danaxvas, windaxedulebas, auCqareblobas,

simdables, romelic araa monis maCvenebeli, aramed

ganaTlebul adamianis, sxvis azris gagonebas da

adamianSi adamianis Zebnas da dafasebas... moqalaqeoba

aris msxverplis gaReba. Tvisi sakuTari Tavis dawva

sxvisTvis gasanaTleblad~.

arqimandriti grigol feraZe

miiCneven. ivane javaxiSvili

da korneli kekeliZe, aTeisturi

reJimis mxridan mkacri

akrZalvis miuxedavad, mas

mainc imowmebdnen an ekamaTebodnen.

niko mari TanamSromlobas

sTavazobda. q. vitenbergis

universitetSi misi

saxelobis kabineti moqmedebs.

mis Sesaxeb biografiulsa

da bibliografiul

masalas gvawvdian avtoritetuli

samecniero da religiuri

cnobarebi.

grigol feraZe saqarTvelosa

da poloneTis marTlmadidebeli

eklesiebis mier wmindanad

aris Seracxili. misi saxe


#1(28)

xatebzea aRbeWdili da misdami

savedreblebia dawerili,

sadac naTqvamia, rom man

`RmerTi dausabamo marTlmadideblobiTisibrZnismetyvela,

sulica Tvisi dasdva

moyvasisTvis... Tavi Tvisi Seswira

qristesa da gvirgvini

uxrwnelebisa moigo~. magram

qarTuli taZrebis ambionebidan

jerac naklebad ismis

mRvdelmowame grigolis saxeli.

Cveni eklesiis mrevlma

kargad icis, vin arian wm. serafime

saroveli, wm. egnate brianCaninovi

Tu arqimandriti

ioane krestiankini. TavisTavad

es dadebiTi movlenaa _

eklesiis sazRvrebi usazRvroebaSia.

oRond, ukeTes Sem-

TxvevaSi, daudevrobaa iseTi

mamuliSvilis Rvawlis saTanadod

daufasebloba, romelzedac

poloneli RvTismsaxuri

da mecnieri henrik

paprocki ambobs, rom misi

moRvaweobis Seswavla qristianobis

arsze gvafiqrebs, _ man

xom Tavisi cxovrebiT saxarebiseul

ideals Seasxa xorci.

grigol feraZis fenomenze

saubari gansakuTrebiT aqtualuria

dRes, radgan, erTi

mxriv, marTlmadideblobad

nacionalur ideologias saxaven

da axlo warsulSi xelketebad

qceuli jvrebiT uswordebodnen

RvTis mier bo-

Zebul nebis Tavisuflebas,

xolo meore mxriv, Zlierdeba

undobloba marTlmadidebeli

eklesiis sulieri da inteleqtualuri

potencialis

mimarT.

sazogadoebisaTvis grigol

feraZis cxovreba pasuxia kiTxvisa

_ rogori unda iyos moqalaqe?

qarTuli kultu-

Solidarität

orientiri

risTvis misi memkvidreobis

Seswavla sakuTar tradiciasa

da msoflio istoriaSi dabrunebis

SesaZleblobas warmoadgens,

eklesiisTvis ki igi,

sxva yvelaferTan erTad, ekumenuri

TanamSromlobisa da

dialogis saukeTeso nimuSia.

mama grigolis pirovnebaSi

TiTqos Sejamda is, rasac qristianuli

humanizmi da suliereba,

an pirobiTad dasavluri

da aRmosavluri tradiciebi

SeiZleba vuwodoT: sicocxliT

tkboba da Tavganwirva,

codna da rwmena, Seupovroba

da morCileba, socialuri

aqtivoba da asketizmi, novatoroba

da konservatiuloba,

racionaluri azrovneba

da mistikuri intuicia, sinamdvile

da legenda...

grigol feraZe 1899 wlis 13

seqtembers daibada sofel

bakurcixeSi, magram misi, rogorc

mecnierisa da pedagogis

samSoblo germania iyo.

londonSi berad aRikveca,

parizSi mRvdlad ekurTxa.

cxovrebis nawili balkaneTisa

da siria-palestinis monastrebSi

piligrimobasa da qar-

Tuli xelnawerebis ZiebaSi

gaatara. poloneTSi mowamebrivad

aResrula, saqarTvelos

ki daubrunda rogorc wmindani.

mecnieri da pedagogi

1921 wlis 6 seqtembers kaTalikos-patriarqi

ambrosi xelaia

germaniis saelCos swerda:

`saqarTvelos eklesia am-

Jamad kritikul mdgomareoba-

Sia, rac axalgazrda, ganaTlebuli

sasuliero pirebis

74

}'vh'mksr

didi naklebobis gamo ufro

uaresdeba... axla SegviZlia

gavgzavnoT axalgazrda Teologebi

germaniaSi, sadac Teologia,

rogorc mecniereba,

Zalian maRal donezea.

grigol feraZe am qarTvel-

Tagan pirvelia, romelsac

ganzraxuli aqvs, momavalSi

Tavisi codna da energia qar-

Tul eklesias moaxmaros. me,

saqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqi,

am RvTis mosawon saqmeSi

mas kurTxevas vaZlev da...

saeklesio krebamac erTxmad

daadgina, SesaZleblobis farglebSi

materialurad daexmaros

am niWier axalgazrdas~.

cota xanSi germaniis saelCosa

da artur laistis daxmarebiT,

sakaTalikoso sabWom

Tbilisis universitetis sibrZnismetyvelebisfakultetis

warCinebuli studenti

berlinis universitetSi gagzavna

Teologiuri ganaTlebis

gasaRrmaveblad. Tumca

patriarq ambrosi xelaias,

ivane javaxiSvilisa da korneli

kekeliZis mier am saqmeSi

gamoCenil gulmodginebas SesaZloa

ufro masStaburi mizani

hqonoda: TavianTi Segirdis

saxiT isini saukeTesos

gadarCenas cdilobdnen Tavs

datexili katastrofisagan.

Tavad grigol feraZisTvis

ki Zala, romelmac misi sam-

Soblo daipyro, borotebis

gansaxierebas warmoadgenda.

`boroteba Zlieria, _ werda

igi, _ warmoiqmneba Tu ara,

maSinve aviwroebs sikeTes da

ar aZlevs gamarjvebis saSualebas...

nuTu borotebis mom-

Zlavrebaze ar migviTiTebs

axalgazrdis cxovreba, rome-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


lic sicocxlis saukeTeso

periodSi iZulebulia miatovos

samSoblo da Svela ucxo

mxareSi eZios~. marcxi, uimedoba,

tkivili, qaosi. sad

aris aRdgoma da gamarjveba?

sad aris xsna? sad aris sam-

Soblo? am kiTxvebze pasuxis

miRebis Jini iyo misi dausrulebeli

ltolvilobis

erT-erTi mTavari mizezi.

berlinis universitetSi,

protestantuli, e.w. liberaluri

Teologiis erT-erT

centrSi, grigoli harnakisa

da daismanis leqciebs ismens.

male Teologiis mecnierebaTa

kandidatis xarisxiT

swavlas bonis universitetSi

agrZelebs, sadac ukve filosofiaSi

icavs sadoqtoro disertacias,

romlis Tema qar-

Tuli bermonazvnobaa. bon-

Sive eniWeba filologiiis

privatdocentoba. 27 wlis

asakSi ukve flobs 13 enas.

1926-27 wlebSi briuselSi

kaTolike berebTan erTad ganagrZobs

samecnieri saqmianobas,

Semdeg oqsfordSi ecnoba

anglikanobasa da britanul

orientalistur skolas.

mogvianebiT lozanaSi gamar-

Tul religiur konferenciaze

ityvis: „arc erT mxares

ar ucdia Cemi gadabireba. me

yvelgan, pirvel rigSi, vcdilobdi

meswavla is, rac Cemi

eklesiisTvis iqneboda mniSvnelovani

da sasargeblo~.

misi samecniero interesis

sfero metad farToa. ikvlevs

qarTul warmarTobas,

„vefxistyaosans~, Tanamedrove

qarTul literaturas, ideologiis

fenomens, pirovnebisa

da masis problemas.

magram ZiriTadad bibliologia,

hagiologia, adreqristianuli

RvTismsaxureba, patrologia

da bermonazvnobis

istoria ipyrobs mis yurad-

Rebas. 1929 wlidan sorbonis,

oqsfordis, dublinisa da krakovis

universitetebSi kiTxulobs

leqciebs, aTi wlis Semdeg

ki varSavis universitet-

Si Teologiis fakultetis

dekanis postze niSnaven da am

droidan sacxovrebladac poloneTis

dedaqalaqSi gadadis.

misi pedagogiuri saqmianoba

gamsWvaluli iyo wminda mamebis

SemoqmedebiTi suliT. grigol

feraZis studentebs

cremli adgebaT Tvalze misi

leqciebis gaxsenebisas. misi

varSavuli erToTaxiani binis

kari maTTvis mudam Ria iyo.

profesoris xelfass qarTul

xelnawerTa moZiebas, gaWirvebuli

studentebis daxmarebas,

parizSi mis mier daarsebuli

qarTuli eklesiis Senaxvasa

da erTaderTi qarTulenovani

religiuri Jurnalis

`jvari vazisas~ gamocemas axmarda.

igi avtoria germanul, frangul,

inglisur, polonur da

qarTul enebze dawerili 70ze

meti samecniero naSromisa...

andre tarbi, iulius asfalgi,

paul klugeri dResac

axdenen citirebas grigol

feraZis Sromebidan.

grigolma moiara msoflios

TiTqmis yvela wignsacavi, sadac

ki qarTuli xelnaweri

eguleboda. aTonis mTaze 15

xelnaweri SeiZina, sofiis sajaro

biblioTekaSi petriwonis

tipikonis qarTuli ver-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

75

solidaroba

sia aRmoaCina, ierusalimis

berZnul sapatriarqoSi 162

xelnawers miakvlia. Sav mTasa

da damaskoSi 24 etrati Seisyida.

mis pirad biblioTekaSi

daculi iyo uZvelesi qarTuli

dokumenti, romelsac saqarTvelosTvis

gadasacemad

inaxavda. xelnaweris bedi

dRemde ucnobia, is gestapos

mier misi binis Cxrekis Semdeg

daikarga.

moZRvari

brwyinvale samecniero karieris

miuxedavad daJinebiT

iTxovda samSobloSi dabrunebas.

korneli kekeliZes

swerda: „saSinlad vitanjebi,

arafris xalisi ar maqvs,

Tumca nivTierad sruliad

uzrunvelyofili var. ris-

Tvis vitanje amdeni xani, ris-

Tvis viswavle, risTvis moviare

TiTqmis mTeli evropa?

ratom ar miSveben saxlSi?~

sabWoTa xelisuflebas RvTismetyveli

mecnieri iaraRis

samizned Tu gamoadgeboda. iq

grigolis msgavsTaTvis „troikebis”,

gulagebisa da tyviawamlis

damzadebis gadamwyveti

faza iwyeboda. rogorc

Cans, viRacas enaneboda, ver

imetebda mas am realobisTvis

da sabWoTa saelCodan uariT

istumrebdnen. pasportic CamoarTves

da mTeli darCenili

cxovreba ltolvilis

statusiT gadaadgildeboda.

evropaSi ki, rogorc germaneli

poeti hans arpi ambobs: `Savi

kegelbani quxda da ufro

da ufro bneldeboda miwis

sibnele, xmauradamianebi, bombmxarSavebi,

manqansayvarlebi

mravldebodnen~. iwyeboda


#1(28)

faSizmis aRzeveba. samSobloSi

dabrunebis imedgadawuruli

30 wlis doqtori 1929

wels parizSi wminda ninos

saxelobis qarTul eklesias

uyris safuZvels (bolo dromde

is erTaderTi qarTuli

eklesia iyo sazRvargareT)

da diasporis gaerTianebasa

da gamxnevebas cdilobs: „ieso

qriste _ usamSoblo da devnili,

gariyuli da wamebuli...

eZebs CvenisTanebs. raRas

vfiqrobT! raRas velodebiT!

risTvis vdgavarT kunWuleb-

Si? risTvis vimalebiT? SevikribneT

da SeverTdeT macxovarTan

da gavixadoT igi

Cveni patara da Rirseuli

keris da cxovrebis mfarvelad

da megobrad ucxoeTSi~.

1930 wlis Sobis dReebSi mZimed

daavadda. sikvdilis piras

misuls gadauwyvetia

RvTisaTvis bolomde mieZRvna

Tavi da gamojanmrTelebis

Semdeg berad aRikveca. sul

male mRvdlad xeldeben da

wminda ninos eklesiis winam-

ZRvrad niSnaven.

rwmeniTa da samecniero codniT

aRWurvili borotebisa

da misi miwieri gamovlinebebis

winaaRmdeg iwyebs brZolas.

pirvelsave qadagebaSi ambobs:

`eklesia araa muzeumi da me

ise nu CamTvliT, rogorc muzeumis

obieqts. me var mebr-

Zoli, romelic eZebs mebrZolebs

Tqveni wridan eklesiis-

Tvis momavlis Sesaqmnelad~.

misi qadagebebi Tavisufalia

Sablonebisa da e.w. „maRali

Stilisgan~. mis sityvaSi marTlmadidebeli

berisa da qarTvel

emigrantTa moZRvris gamocdileba

dasavluri huma-

Solidarität

orientiri

nizmis tradiciebTanaa Sesisxlxorcebuli.

kerigmis RerZi

RmerTisa da socialurad aqtiuri

pirovnebis _ moqalaqis

urTierTobaa. samyaro mxolod

am prizmaSi gardatexiT

iZens sazriss: „rodesac eklesia

loculobs an laparakobs

samSobloze, is ar gulisxmobs,

pirvel rigSi, taZrebs,

saqarTvelos mzes, mTebs da

velebs, aramed adamians da

mis keTildReobas, romelic

grZnobs winaparTa anderZs

da eklesia udgas gverdiT am

adamians da exmareba anderZis

aRsrulebaSi. es anderZia:

Zieba RvTisa da Zieba sasufevlisa,

Zieba RvTis simarTlisa

am qveyanaze _ brZola uflebisaTvis,

TavisuflebisaTvis

da ganviTarebisaTvis. am anderZiT

Cven ar varT SezRudulni

Cveni samSobloTi. mizani

moqalaqis cxovrebisa

unda iyos RmerTi. Tu adamianis

an eris locvis pirveli

sityva sxva ramea da ara Rmer-

Ti, gindac es sityva iyos

iseTi, rogoricaa samSoblo,

patriotizmi, brZola da Sroma

TavisuflebisaTvis da

ekonomikuri ganviTarebisaTvis,

maSin es sityva iqneba ukmarisi.

adamianma Tavisi cxovreba

unda Caayenos did koncefciebSi,

e.i moqmedeba da

cxovreba unda daumorCilos

iseT did rames, romlis madlsa

da Zlierebas araviTari

sazRvari ara aqvs, romlis ca

mTels msoflios faravs, romelic

adamianis yovel mizansa

da miswrafebas, ragind lokaluri

iyos igi da SemozRuduli,

universalursa da waruval

mniSvnelobas aZlevs~.

mama grigoli, rogorc religiuri

moRvawe, erTi mxriv,

76

}'vh'mksr

eklesiis ideologizaciis

winaaRmdeg gamodis da ambobs,

rom „mZime gamocdis Jams

eklesia mxolod sakuTari

rwmenis sakiTxebiT unda Semoifarglos.

is unda iyos

mxolod Suamavali xalxsa da

qristes Soris. patriotebs

kargad unda esmodeT es sakiTxi

da ar unda moiTxovdnen

imas, ramac SesaZloa eklesiis

rRvevas Seuwyos xeli~;

xolo meore mxriv, eklesiaTa

gaerTianebis Temaze gamar-

Tul konferenciebSi monawileobs

da am sakiTxis Taobaze

aseT pozicias gamoxatavs:

`erTxelac iqneba da is SesaniSnavi

droc dadgeba, roca

qristianobas erTi mwyemsi

waruZRveba da Cveni macxovris

uzeSTaesi locva TvalnaTliv

acxaddeba. amisTvis

loculobs egzom mxurvaled

aRmosavleTis qristianoba

da, rogorc cnobilia, igi

saukuneebis manZilze am erTianobis

misaRwevad ibrZvis.

dadgeba dro da gaerTiandebian

sarwmunoebani. es iqneba

didebuli dRe Cveni uflis

meored mosvlis win. gaerTiandeba

aramarto romauli da

berZnuli eklesiebi, aramed

maT SeuerTdeba evangelikuric,

romelic aseve warmoadgens

Cveni uflis taZars da

romlis arsebobas eWvqveS ver

davayenebT, radgan namdvilad

arsebobs da aq Tavis miznebsa

da amocanebs axorcielebs.

rogor gaerTiandebian isini,

es Cvens amocanas ar warmoadgens,

es samecniero kvlevis

sfero ki ar aris, aramed yoveli

qristianis movaleobaa,

Cveni uflis romel mrevlsac

unda ekuTvnodes igi. vinc

qristes sasufevels seriozulad

uyurebs, is dainaxavs,

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


om qristianobis azri mtrobaSi,

SurSi, eWvsa da avazakobaSi

rodia. igi uflis mrevlis

Zmuri siyvaruliT suldgmulobs

da erT mSvenier

dResac Cveni macxovris xeze

es sami toti erTmaneTs gadaeWdoba.

erTianoba raRac wmindaa

da saocari. is Cveni uflis

locvaa mamisadmi da bolo winaswarmetyvelebac,

rac maSin

asruldeba, roca ufali inebebs

da saamisod Sesabamisi

dro dadgeba. Cven unda vilocoT

da viSromoT, raTa igi male

dadges. mxolod siyvaruls,

didsulovnebas, Zmuri moTminebisa

da taqtiani angari-

Sis gawevis gzas SeuZlia migviyvanos

iqamde. siyvaruliT

yvelafris miRweva SeiZleba~.

magram man isic kargad icis,

rom „realurad Zalian Sors

aris is dRe, rodesac eklesia

codvian dedamiwaze sikeTis

borotebaze gamarjvebas idResaswaulebs.

mware sinamdvile

ufro da ufro gvaSorebs mas~.

gamaognebeli sityvebiT mTavrdeba

1937 wlis saaRdgomo

esei: „udidesi sixarulis dReebSi

Cveni Tavis mimarT kritikulni

unda viyoT. eklesia

mizans miaRwevs mxolod golgoTisa

da jvarcmis gziT...

sxva gza qristes principebis

sawinaaRmdegoa... sxva gza

mxolod borotebas exmareba

da keTilmosurne da keTilsindisier

adamians katastrofisken,

tragediisken miaqanebs...

yvelas, vinc am did dRes

ganicdis msgavs ukidegano

dardsa da sevdas, vesalmebi

_ qriste aRsdga!”

parizis qarTuli taZris saaRricxvo

wignSi winamZRvris

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

77

solidaroba


#1(28)

bolo xelmowera 1939 wlis 1

ianvriTaa daTariRebuli. fa-

Sistebis mier poloneTis okupaciis

Semdeg mama grigoli

ekumenisgan izolirebuli aRmoCnda.

varSavaSi ki Zmobisa

da siyvarulis sivrce sul

ufro mcirdeboda mis garSemo.

mowame

SeeZlo Tu ara ieso qristes

aeridebina sakuTari jvarcma?

„arsi da upiratesoba Zlieri

adamianebisa is aris, rom Zireuli

da diadi SekiTxvebis

dasma SeuZliaT da cxad pasuxebsac

Tavadve scemen. sustni

ki yovelTvis iZulebulni

arian, airCion sxvaTa mier

SemoTavazebuli alternativebi~,

_ werda faSisturi saokupacio

banakidan pastori

da Teologi ditrix banhoferi.

qristesTvis, iseve rogorc

misi didi mimdevrebisTvis,

siyvaruli, romelic sakuTari

Tavis msxverplSewirviT

gamoixateba, aris ara iZuleba,

aramed programa, „didi

koncefcia~, pasuxi maT mier

dasmul kiTxvaze: rogor aris

SesaZlebeli amqveynad sike-

Tis gadarCena?

mama grigolic swored msxverplSewirviT

umzadebda pasuxs

mis mier dasmul SekiTxvas:

rogor aris SesaZlebeli moqalaqeoba?

rogor SeiZleba

iyo qristiani, rogor

SeiZleba daZlio boroteba

iq, sadac RmerTis nacvlad

jalaTebs scemen Tayvans,

sadac adamianebi, erTi mxriv,

Solidarität

orientiri

yovlisgamanadgurebeli samxedro

manqanis nawilad arian

qceulni, xolo meore mxriv,

sapnebisa da xelCanTebis dasamzadebel

masalad? Teologebi

amboben, rom borotebas

msxverpli amarcxebs borotebisave

iaraRiT _ jvriT.

amitomac grigol feraZe

gamudmebiT qmnida pirobebs

sikeTis maxeSi borotebis

gasabmelad: man uari ganacxada

poloneTis datovebaze

faSistebis mier qveynis okupaciis

Semdeg da protestis

niSnad mowvevac ar miiRo

berlinis universitetidan.

aqtiurad iyo Cabmuli poloneTis

antifaSistur moZraobaSi,

mfarvelobda ebrael-

Ta ojaxebs. varSavis dabombvebisas

TavSesafarSi ar imaleboda,

uvlida daWrilebs

da apatiosnebda micvalebulebs.

TviTmxilvelebi hyvebian,

rom araerTxel SewinaaRmdegebia

germanel jariskacebs,

rodesac isini amcirebdnen

an fizikurad uswordebodnen

vinmes. cnobilia

kidev erTi faqti: germaniis

mier safrangeTis okupirebis

Semdeg saqarTvelos emigraciuli

mTavroba aiZules qar-

Tuli ganZi auqcionze gaetana,

raTa Tavad germanelebi

dapatronebodnen mas. eqvTime

TayaiSvilTan erTad mama

grigolma Tavisi didi avtoritetis

wyalobiT germanelebi

daarwmuna, rom am nivTebs

mxolod istoriuli Rirebuleba

hqonda qarTveli eris-

Tvis. erTi yuTic rom gaxsniliyo,

mas daxvreta ar ascdeboda.

bolo wlebSi grigol feraZe

poloneTis qarTul saTvis-

78

}'vh'mksr

tomos edga saTaveSi. dekanozma

henrik paprockim germanuli

saidumlo dokumentebis

Seswavlis Semdeg daadgina,

rom saTvistomos antifa-

Sisturi kursi yofila arqimandritis

dapatimrebis

mTavari mizezi. mis dapatimrebaSi

saTvistomos profa-

Sist qarTvelebs miuZRviT

udidesi wvlili.

es is qarTvelebi iyvnen, romlebsac

gulwrfelad swamdaT,

rom faSisturi germania aris

Zala, romeliTac bolo moeReboda

komunizms da rusuli

imperiuli batonobisgan

gaTavisufldeboda saqarTvelo.

es patrioti qarTvelebi

iyvnen. am ambis mTeli tragizmi

sworedac eg aris: patriotizmma

daabrmava es adamianebi

da grigol feraZis

nacvlad adolf hitleris

mxardaWera airCies.

dapatimrebidan sami Tvis Semdeg,

1942 wlis 6 dekembers,

osvencimSi mravalSviliani

ebraelis nacvlad sakuTari

iniciativiT grigol feraZe

Sevida gazis sakanSi. arsebobs

misi daRupvis meore versiac,

romlis Tanaxmad, grigolma

sxvis mier moparuli puris

qurdoba daibrala, rac

sikvdiliT isjeboda.

rodesac franciskanelma

mRvdelma maqsimilian kolbem

aseTive gadawyvetileba mii-

Ro, germaneli oficeri dainteresda,

Tu ratom sCadioda

amas. kolbem upasuxa: imitom,

rom mRvdeli var. analogiur

SekiTxvas mama grigolic

analogiurad upasuxebda,

radgan qristes mRvdloba

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


msxverplsac da Semwirvelsac

erTdroulad gulisxmobs.

wmindani

grigol feraZis mier Seqmnili

sulierebisa da kulturis

sivrce TiToeuli keTili nebis

moqalaqisaTvis, ganurCevlad

erovnebisa da aRmsareblobisa,

sakuTari Tavisa da

moyvasisaken savali gzebis Ziebis

kidev erTi SesaZleblobaa.

es aris ganviTarebis dausrulebeli

perspeqtiva, sadac

`siaruls ar daemCneva daRliloba

da sirbils mtveri~.

am sivrceSi `erTma meores

unda Seundos danaSauli, radgan

udanaSaulo, ucodveli

Cven Soris aravinaa~ (grigol

feraZe. „mamao Cvenos~ ganmarteba

_ Sinaarsi WeSmariti

moqalaqeobisa~).

saqarTvelos marTlmadidebelma

eklesiam 1995 wels gafarToebul

saeklesio krebaze

grigol feraZe wmindanad

Seracxa. poloneli mecnieri

da RvTismsaxuri henrik

paprocki am krebas eswreboda

da grigolis kanonizaciisas

bavSviviT tiroda.

wmindanad SeracxvisaTvis

saWiro rva pirobidan grigol

feraZis kanonizacias

safuZvlad daedo:

1) mowamebrivi sikvdili

qristesTvis;

2) gamorCeuli saeklesio da

saganmanaTleblo

moRvaweoba;

3) didi damsaxureba eklesiisa

da eris winaSe;

4) keTilmsaxuri, marTali,

wminda cxovreba;

5) umwikvlo marTlmadidebloba.

marTlmadidebeli eklesia

wminda mRvdelmowame grigol

feraZes 6 dekembers ixseniebs.

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

79

solidaroba


#1(28)

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

marTlmadidebeli

eklesia

pluralistul samyaroSi

dekanozi emanuel klapsisi

winamdebare statiaSi ganzraxuli gvaqvs pluralistur

garemoSi marTlmadidebeli eklesiis sajaro sivrceSi

arsebobis sakiTxis ganxilva. sajaro arsebobaSi

moviazrebT eklesiis cxovrebis yvela im aspeqts,

romelic TvalsaCinoa yvela adamianisTvis da romelsac

ufarToesi gavlena aqvs sazogadoebaze. ganvixilavT

aseve sekularizmisa da pluralizmis mniSvnelobebs da

religiis rols am konteqstSi.

sekularizacia

da eklesia

miuxedavad imisa, rom eklesia

RvTis ganxorcielebuli sityvisa

da suliwmidis erToblivi

qmedebiT aris dafuZnebuli,

istoriul movlenebs

mainc aqvT gavlena mis SesaZleblobaze,

sworad gaar-

Cios uflis aqtiuri qmedeba

istoriuli qartexilebis

pirobebSi. marTlmadidebeli

Teologebi SesaZloa adekvaturad

gadmoscemen saeklesio

tradicias, magram isini yovelTvis

ar arian kargad gaTviTcnobierebulebiTanamedrove

msoflios sakmaod

rTul realobebSi. upirveles

yovlisa, Tu Tanamedrove

samyaro ar iqneba gagebuli

da Teologiurad interpre-

80

}'vh'mksr

tirebuli, maSin, Tundac rom

eklesia gamudmebiT mimar-

Tavdes Tanamedrove samyaros

da es ukanasknelic eswrafodes

eklesiasTan daaxloebas,

isini ubralod ver gaugeben

erTmaneTs sxvadasxva enaze

saubris gamo.

qristianuli eklesiis Tval-

TaxedviT, samyaro uflis

mmarTvelobis qveS imyofeba:

`wmida~ da `sakraluri~ aqtiurad

myofobs realobis yvela

sferoSi. amgvarma Sexedulebam

ganapiroba saeklesio

instituciis, rogorc mTavari

arbitris, Camoyalibeba

cxovrebis wesis gansazRvris

procesSi, rogorc pirovnul,

aseve sajaro sferoSi. Tanamedroveobam

sekularizaciis

dinamikur process daudo

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


dasabami, ramac radikaluri

gamowvevis winaSe daayena,

zogadad, `sakralurisa~ da,

kerZod, saeklesio institutebis

roli adamianTa cxovrebaSi.

Tanamedrove samyarom

realobis Cveneul warmodgenaSi

sakralurisa da sekularulis

urTierTobac Secvala.

sekularulma samyarom gaiTavisufla

Tavi saeklesio

kontrolisgan. Tuki manamde

religiuri samyaro yovlismomcveli

realoba iyo, romelSic

sekularul samyaros

Tavisi adgili eWira, axla

sekularuli samyaro gardaiqmna

yovlismomcvel realobad,

romelTan adaptirebac

unda moaxerxos religiam. saxelmwifom

da sabazro ekonomikam,

romelic cdilobs Camoayalibos

samyaros Tanamedrove

gageba da klasifikacia,

sekularuli cxovrebis

yvela danarCen sferoze ufro

meti mniSvneloba SeiZina.

mas Semdeg, rac sekularuli

samyaro eklesiisgan damoukidebeli

gaxda, man Sinagani

diferenciacia ganicada, warmoSva

ra mravali damoukidebeli

qvesfero (politika,

ekonomika, iurisprudencia,

mecniereba, ganaTleba, xelovneba,

medicina); TiToeuli

maTgani Tavisi Sida struqturebis

funqcionirebas im

principebis mixedviT aregulirebs,

romlebic adekvaturad

miiCneva arsebuli saWiroebebis

mosagvareblad. aseve,

am sferoSi momuSave TiToeuli

individisgan am principebis

Sesabamis qcevebs moelian.

moqalaqe unda daemorCilos

`TamaSis wesebs~, miuxedavad

misi pirovnuli mrwamsisa

Tu ganwyobisa. vin aris

adamiani da ras unda akeTebdes

igi Tavis kerZo cxovrebaSi?

es sakiTxebi arsebobis

kerZo, avtonomiur sferoebad

moiazreba. maSasadame, religia,

romelic pirovnebis cxovrebis

integrirebulad da holistikurad

(anu erT mTlianobad.

_ mTargm.) interpretacias

cdilobs, ukve kargavs

Tavis mniSvnelobas: sazogadoebaze

religiuri institutebis

gavlena mkveTrad sustdeba.

zogierTi adamiani am

fenomens ganixilavs rogorc

Tanamedrove samyarodan religiis

saboloo gaqrobis dasawyiss.

religiis mzardi tempiT gandevna

da Seviwroveba sekularizaciis

mTavari niSan-Tviseba

gaxda. magram 1960-iani wlebis

damdegs sociologebma am

Teoriis gadaumowmebel varaudebs

eWvis TvaliT Sexedes.

maT erTmaneTisgan ganasxvaves

ori sekularuli ideologia.

pirveli maTgani saTaves

iRebs religiis ganmanaTleblobis

epoqis droindeli kritikidan,

meore ki saeklesio

sferodan sekularulis gamoyofisa

da misi diferencirebis

Tanamedrove process

warmoadgens. sekularulma

avtonomiam da misma Sida dayofam

sxvadasxva damoukidebel

qvesferod, SesaZloa,

Seasusta religiis gavlena,

magram es namdvilad ar iwvevs

religiis erozias, mis daRmavlobasa

da saboloo ganadgurebas.

tomas laqmenis azriT, sekularizacia

ubralod miuTi-

Tebs religiis societaluri

da sajaro funqciebis dakargvaze.

Tanamedrove religia

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

81

solidaroba

privatizebulia, moTavsebulia

arsebobis sakuTar,

marginalur sferoSi. socialuri

mecnierebebis warmomadgenlebs

swamT, rom sekularizacia,

rogorc Teoria,

saWiro da sasargeblo kategoriaa

Tanamedrove samyaros

interpretaciisTvis. sekularizacia

klasifikaciis axal

sistemas iyenebs. ase rom,

Sexeduleba, romlis mixedvi-

Tac sekularizacia religiuri

rwmenebisa da praqtikebis

warxocvas niSnavs, uaryofilia,

rogorc usafuZvlo

mosazreba da istoriis

miTiuri gageba.

religiis sajaro roli

unda Seeguon Tu ara qristianuli

eklesiebi privatul

sferoSi gadanacvlebas? am

kiTxvis pasuxi damokidebulia

imaze, Tu rogor gvesmis cxovrebis

privatuli da sajaro

sferoebi. saWiroa kargad

vacnobierebdeT am ori sferos

sazRvrebs (da, maSasadame,

maT gansazRvrebebsac).

isini yovelTvis aramkafio

da cvalebadia. `privatulad~

moixsenieba is sferoebi, romlebic

uSualod individs

ekuTvnis, cxovrebis is aspeqtebi,

romlebic ar SeiZleba

gaziarebuli iyos sxvaTa mier.

`sajaro~ sfero ki, rogorc

amas Carlz teilori

gansazRvravs, aris saerTo

sivrce, romelSic sazogadoebis

wevrebi erTmaneTs xvdebian,

rogorc mediis (beWduri,

eleqtronuli) saSualebebiT,

aseve pirispir, saerTo

interesebis Semcveli sakiTxebis

gansaxilavad da am gziT

saerTo azris Camosayalibeb-


#1(28)

lad. mravalferovneba sxvadasxva

forumebisa Tu Sexvedrebisa,

romlebzec amgvari

saerTo (sajaro) interesis

Semcveli sakiTxebi ganixileba,

warmoadgens erTian

SekavSirebul sivrces, vinaidan

yvela maTgans, saboloo

jamSi, interkomunikaciuri

xasiaTi aqvs. amgvari sivrce,

sadac adamianebi Tavisuflad

ayalibeben da gamoxataven sakuTar

Sexedulebebs, warmoadgens

umTavres maxasiaTebels

Tavisufali da demokratiuli

sazogadoebisa. amgvarad

Camoyalibebuli sazogadoebrivi

azri ar aris sxvadasxva

Sexedulebebis ubralo

nakrebi, es ufro kritikuli

diskusiebis Sedegad

Camoyalibebuli azria. am

mizeziT, mas normatiuli

Rirebuleba aqvs politikuri

xelmZRvanelobisTvis, anu

saxelmwifosTvis, romlis

arsebobis mizanic xalxis,

sazogadoebis interesis gaTvaliswineba

da misi dakmayofileba

unda iyos. rodesac

sajaro sivrce kontrolis an

manipulaciis msxverpli xdeba

(vinmes finansebis an mTavrobis

mier), maSin igi kargavs

ndobas da aRar warmoadgens

demokratiuli diskusiebis

sivrces.

sazogadoebrivi azri saerTo

sikeTis Sesaxeb produqtia

diskusiebisa, romelTac unda

uzrunvelyon konsensusis miRweva.

Cemi Rrma rwmeniT, eklesia

ar unda Seeguos privatul

sferoSi gadanacvlebas.

saWiroa aRiarebul iqnes misi

adgili `samoqalaqo sazogadoebaSi~,

socialur sferoSi,

romelic erTmaneTTan akav-

Sirebs cxovrebis privatul

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

da sajaro sferoebs.

samoqalaqo sazogadoeba

Sedgeba adamianTa uamravi

nebayoflobiTi gaerTianebisgan,

romlebic politikuri

sferos gareT arseboben.

samoqalaqo sazogadoeba xels

uwyobs adamianebis erTmaneT-

Tan SekavSirebas saerTo problemebis

mogvarebis procesSi.

es garemoeba Zalze mniSvnelovania,

radgan arcerT sazogadoebas

ar SeiZleba ewodos

Tavisufali, Tu masSi ar

SeuZliaT funqcionireba amgvar

nebayoflobiT gaerTianebebs

(asociaciebs). Tavisuflebis

pulsis cema yovelTvis

sustia iq, sadac amgvari gaer-

Tianebebis SeqmnisTvis yvela

piroba ar aris uzrunvelyofili.

arc privatuli da arc

sajaro sfero ar SeiZleba

iyos eklesiis qmedebis adgili

Tanamedrove samyaroSi (miT

umetes, Tu es sajaro sivrce

gagebulia Zalze viwrod, anu

roca igi identificirebulia

politikur ZalauflebasTan

an ekonomikur sivrcesTan). eklesia,

rogorc adamianTa nebayoflobiTi

gaerTianeba,

romelsac cxovrebis Tavisi

xedva aqvs, aqtiurad unda

iyos CarTuli sajaro debatebSi.

eklesiam dialogis gziT

unda SesTavazos yvelas Tavisi

macxovnebeli WeSmariteba.

axla ki davubrundeT im sakiTxs,

Tu rogor SegviZlia

konceptualurad gaviazroT

religiis adgili da roli am

ukiduresad diferencirebul

da danawevrebul socialur

realobaSi. Tanamedrove

sazogadoebis funqcionaluri

diferencireba da pluralizmi

nakleb adgils tovebs

nebismieri religiisTvis, ro-

82

}'vh'mksr

melic sazogadoebis integraciis

pozitiur Zalas warmoadgens.

religiam, SesaZloa,

dakarga Tavisi hegemonuri

adgili sajaro sivrceSi, magram

mas ar daukargavs Tavisi

xma. TavisTavad modernuli

samyaro ar uaryofs religiis

sajaro rols, man, ubralod,

sakralurisa da sekularulisrekonceptualizacia

moaxdina. diferenciaciis

procesis gamo religias aRar

SeuZlia a priori inarCunebdes

gabatonebul rols sajaro

sivrceSi. Tumca, meore

mxriv, arc is aris SesaZlebeli,

rom am sivrcem mTlianad

gamoricxos sakuTari

Tavidan religiis arseboba.

Tuki religia iTavisebs da

iwynarebs adamianis fundamentur

uflebebs (gansakuTrebiT

sindisis Tavisuflebasa

da privatul cxovrebaSi

Caurevlobis uflebas), romlebic

demokratiul sazogadoebebSi

aqvT moqalaqeebs

miniWebuli, maSin savsebiT SesaZlebelia,

rom religiam miiRos

sazogadoebrivi forma.

religia ar unda cdilobdes

mecnierebis, ekonomikis an

saxelmwifos saqmis gakeTebas.

misi movaleoba mxolod isaa,

rom Tavis mimdevrebSi aRzardos

da ganamtkicos religiuri

rwmena. religias aqvs SesaniSnavi

unari iyos socialur-politikuritransformaciisTvis

wamowyebul moZraobaTa

STagonebis wyaro da

mamoZravebeli Zala. aseT moZraobebs

SeuZliaT religiuri

mxardaWeris miReba, rac Tvisebrivad

gansxvavdeba, magaliTad,

ekonomikis an mecnierebis

qvesferoebis mier SemoTavazebuli

mxardaWeris-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


gan. religia unikaluri narativiT

uzrunvelyofs adamianebs,

rac maT sicocxlis

sazriss, altruistul ganwyobasa

da transformirebis

Zalas aniWebs. religias SeuZlia

daicvas religiis Tavisufleba,

adamianis uflebebi

da TviT demokratiuli

sazogadoebis arsebobis ufleba

absolutisturi da avtoritaruli

saxelmwifos

winaaRmdeg. mas SeuZlia daayenos

sakiTxi saxelmwifos

ama Tu im struqturis qmedebasTan

dakavSirebiT, romelic

ganxorcielebulia yovelgvari

Rirebulebebisa da moraluri

normebis gverdis avliT.

religiis mxridan swored

aseTi saxis intervenciebs SeuZlia

sazogadoebrivi Segnebis

amaRleba, misi mobili-

zeba arahumanuri da damTrgunveli

pirobebis winaaRmdeg;

religias msgavs sakiTxebze

sazogadoebrivi diskusiis

dawyebis xelSewyobac

ZaluZs.

eklesia dialogis

procesSi

qristianuli eklesiebi da sxva

religiuri gaerTianebebi

sxvadasxvagvarad upasuxeben

modernuli samyaros gamowvevas

da sakuTar gadanacvlebas

privatul sferoSi. zogierTma

maTganma ar miiRo

sazogadoebis Tanamedrove

diferencireba, minimaluri

`doziT~ aRiara axali socialuri

realobebi da am viTarebaSi

ganagrZo arseboba. isi-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

83

solidaroba

ni Tanamedrove samyarosgan

srul separacias amjobineben.

sxvebi mcireoden SeuTavseblobas

xedaven sakralursa

da sekularuls Soris, magram

iReben (iwynareben) sazogadoebis

diferenciaciis fenomens:

pativs scemen TiToeuli

qvesistemis avtonomiurobas

da yovel maTganSi SeuZliaT

moqmedeba, TumcaRa mcireodeni

garTulebebiT. zogierTis-

Tvis ki, magaliTad, SesaZlebelia

yovel kvira dRes karg

qristianad yofna, kviris samuSao

dReebSi _ kargi marqsistoba

da Tavgadakluli kapitalistoba

sakuTar samewarmeo

saqmianobaSi, SeuTavseblobis

yovelgvari SegrZnebis

gareSe. sxvebi ise moixiblnen

moderniT, rom mTlianad

gaiTavises `sekularul~


#1(28)

RirebulebaTa sistema, romelSic

TiTqmis aRar darCa

adgili qristianuli da zogadad

religiuri simboloebisTvis.

da bolos, arian

adamianebi, romlebic ar uaryofen

sakuTar religiur identobas

da ar brmavdebian axali

socialuri realobiT, magram,

amasTanave, siamovnebiT

Rebuloben religiis sajaro

rolis saxecvlilebis sirTules.

es ukanaskneli arCevani

ki uwyvet kavSirSia marTlmadideblur

eTosTan. Cemi azriT,

igi gamoirCeva inteleqtualuri

patiosnebiTa da

moraluri sijansaRiT. rasakvirvelia,

amgvari midgoma

iTxovs, erTi mxriv, Tanamedrove

samyarosTvis damaxasiaTebeli

sirTuleebis sakmaod

Rrma codnas da, meore

mxriv, qristianuli tradiciisadmi

erTgulebas, agreTve

Tanamedrove samyarosTan dialogSi

CarTvis survilsac.

Tanamedrove pluralistur

sazogadoebaSi mimdinare diskusiebSi

qristianebi aqtiurad

unda iyvnen CarTulni.

isini mudmivad unda sTavazobdnen

Tanamedrove samyaros

saxarebis im WeSmaritebebs,

romlebic konkretul

problemebsa da sxvadasxva

cxovrebiseul situaciebs

exeba. magram es mTavari qristianuli

mesijebi mxolod

wmida werilSi gadmocemul

profetul tradicias ki ar

unda asaxavdes, aramed eklesiis

wmida mamaTa zogad eTossac,

romlebic raRac egzotikur

religias ki ar qadagebdnen,

aramed imdroindeli

berZnul-romauli kulturis

transformacias cdilobdnen

axali, saxarebiseuli cxov-

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

rebis keTili uwyebiT, romelic

RmerTma uboZa Cvens samyaros

Tavisi ganxorcielebuli

Zis meSveobiT.

Tanamedrove sazogadoebis

pluralistuli da demokratiuli

xasiaTis gamo, arsebobs

erTaderTi gza sxva adamianebis

dasarwmuneblad _ es aris

dialogi. dialogis ZiriTad

safuZvels warmoadgens mxare-

Ta saerTo valdebuleba zogierT

politikur da moralur

winapirobasTan dakavSirebiT,

radgan es garemoeba

SesaZlebels xdis maT Soris

komunikacias, miuxedavad

uTanxmoebisa Tu konfliqtisa.

amgvari saerTo safuZveli

SeiZleba iyos mravali da specifikuri

an cota da bundovani,

_ es damokidebulia gansaxilvel

sakiTxebze. dialogs

aqvs imis potenciali,

rom gzadagza sxva, axali,

urTierTSeTanxmebuli winapirobebi

warmoSvas, rac, Tavis

mxriv, kidev ufro ganamtkicebs

dialogis monawile-

Ta urTierTobas. socialuri

garemoebis mixedviT,

dialogis monawileni oridan

erT gzas irCeven: erTi mxriv,

maT SeuZliaT saerTo poziciis

gamovlena da konkretuli

gzebis dasaxva realobaSi

misi ganxorcielebisTvis, meore

mxriv ki, maT aseve SeuZliaT

gansxvavebuli midgomebis

minimumamde dayvana da/

an am midgomebTan dakavSirebuli

uTanxmoebis arsis ukeT

gageba. dialogi, ramdenadac

es SesaZlebelia, miiswrafis

konfliqtebis diskursiulad

da ara manipulaciurad (iZulebis

an zegavlenis moxdenis

gziT) gadaWrisken. dialogi

es aris ara mxolod im skep-

84

}'vh'mksr

tikuri Sexedulebis uaryofa,

romlis mixedviTac `araviTari

azri ar aqvs im sakiTxebze

diskusias, romlebTan

mimarTebaSic gansxvavebuli

poziciebi gvaqvs~, aramed im

Tvalsazrisis uaryofac, romlis

mixedviTac adamianTa

Soris arsebuli uTanxmoebebis

gadasaWrelad Zalis, iZulebis

sxvadasxva meTodis gamoyenebaa

saWiro. amrigad,

dialogi saeWvo an fuWi wamowyeba

ki ar aris, aramed er-

TaderTi xelSemwyobi procesia

mopaeqre mxareTa mosarigeblad.

Tuki am dros mxareebi

ver miaRweven konsensuss,

isini droebiT mainc SeaCereben

konfliqts da arsebul

uTanxmoebas im perspeqtividan

Sexedaven, romelze

SeTanxmebasac manamde, am

dialogis procesSi miaRwies.

sakiTxi, romelic Cven mier

ganxilvas saWiroebs, aris

Semdegi: aqvT Tu ara sakmarisi

saerTo (bazisuri) Sexedulebebi

Cvens pluralistul

sazogadoebaSi arsebul sxvadasxva

qristianul eklesiebs,

religiur da moralur

gaerTianebebs (Temebs), raTa

realurad SeZlon politikuri

da moraluri xasiaTis dialogis

warmoeba? cxovrebis

rogori xedvac ar unda hqondeT

amgvar gaerTianebebs,

mniSvnelovania imis aRiareba,

rom maT uamravi saerTo Sexeduleba,

Rirebuleba Tu midgoma

eqnebaT. vinaidan TviT

pluralizmi arsebobs gansxvavebuli

kulturebis, subkulturebis

da kulturuli

fragmentebis ganuwyveteli

Sexvedrebis, praqtikebisa da

midgomebis urTierTgaziarebis

wyalobiT, amitom ar ar-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


sebobs sruliad damoukidebeli

da xelSeuxebeli kultura,

romelsac ar ganecados

sxva kulturebis gavlena.

nebismieri kultura Seicavs

im elementebs, romlebic mas

sxvebTan akavSirebs.

Tavad is faqti, rom Tanamedrove

sazogadoeba aris pluralisturi,

gamoricxavs romelime

erTi religiis xedvis

dominanturobas aseT sazogadoebaSi.

religiis universalisturi

pretenziebi am

samyaros misaRebi wyobis

Sesaxeb SeuTavsebelia Tanamedrove

pluralisturi sazogadoebebis

bunebriv moTxovnasTan:

diskusiis Sedegad

ayalibebdes erTobliv xedvasa

da samarTlian politikas

yvela im adamianTa jgufis

interesebis gaTvaliswinebiT,

romlebic am pluralistur

sazogadoebaSi cxovroben.

vaRiarebT ra sajaro sferos

mier religiuri argumentebis

miRebasTan dakavSirebuli

SiSebis legitimurobas,

Cven unda viswavloT am argumentebis

imgvarad warmodgena,

rom Tavidan iqnes

acilebuli yvelanairi Sida

samoqalaqo dapirispireba.

`gansxvavebulobis~

Teologiuri pativiscema

sanam sajaro sivrceSi eklesiis

mier gamosayenebeli enisa

da mesijebis Sesaxeb visaubrebdeT,

manamde unda SevecadoT

im adamianTa Teologiur

gagebas, romlebTanac

qristianebs diskusia aqvT.

sajaro sivrceSi eklesiis

diskursis unikaluroba damokidebulia

sxvaTa gagebis

mis gansakuTrebuli unarsa

da sxvebTan urTierTobis

stilze. eklesiis mTeli doqtrinaluri

tradicia da liturgikuli

cxovreba mniSvnelovan

resursebs gvTavazobs

gansxvavebulebTan damokidebulebis

TvalsazrisiT. es tradicia

imis gacnobierebaSic

gvexmareba, rom RvTis mier

Seqmnil samyaroSi arsebuli

gansxvavebebi dayofa-danawevrebis

mizezi ki ar unda iyos,

aramed uflis mravalferovani

kurTxevis gamovlinebad

unda miviCnioT. qristianTa

sajaro Tu privatuli urTierTobebi

im ganwyobas unda

asaxavdes, Tu rogor aris

gagebuli `sxva~ qristianuli

eklesiis sulier tradiciaSi.

mTeli istoriis manZilze

adamianur yofas axasiaTebda

daZabuli urTierTobebi gansxvavebulobasa

da erTobas

Soris. rodesac gansxvavebuloba

da erToba erTmaneTisgan

mowyvetilad aRiqmeba, ma-

Sin sazogadoeba an totalitarul,

an ukiduresad individualistur

da fragmentirebul

xasiaTs iZens. orive

SemTxvevaSi `gansxvavebulobis~

aRiarebis uaryofasTan

gvaqvs saqme. orivegan saerTo

maxasiaTebels gansxvavebulisadmi

SiSi warmoadgens. es

`sxvebi~, visTanac urTierToba

da erToba gvsurs, aucileblad

Cvenive msgavsad unda

fiqrobdnen da cxovrobdnen.

vinc gansxvavebulia Tavisi

garegnobiT, socialuri statusiT,

rwmena-warmodgenebiT

an moraluri xedviT, uaryofilia

swored am gansxvavebulobis

gamo, Tundac rom es

garemoeba ar warmoadgendes

araviTar saSiSroebas. roca

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

85

solidaroba

gansxvaveba winaaRmdegobad

iqceva, aq ukve namdvili

erTobis miRweva erTaderTi

gamosavalia mSvidobiani Tanacxovrebisuzrunvelsayofad.

es ukanaskneli ki arsebobas

agrZelebs manam, sanam

ormxrivi interesi arsebobs.

rogorc ki ormxrivi daintereseba

qreba, mSvidobiani Tanaarsebobac

advilad gadadis

konfliqtsa Tu konfrontaciaSi.

sxva sityvebiT, adamianebi

Tavisive msgavs adamianebTan

amjobineben urTier-

Tobas da imadroulad antipaTiurad

arian ganwyobilni

sxvebisadmi maTi gansxvavebulobis

gamo. `sxva~ Cveni megobari

xdeba mxolod im zomiT, ra

zomiTac igi ar uqmnis diskomforts

Cvens privatul

sferos da xels uwyobs Cvens

individualur bednierebas.

SesaZlebelia Tu ara kacobriobisaTvis

am paTologiuri

mdgomareobis daZleva? gansxvavebulobisa

da erTobis erTmaneTSi

morigeba mxolod

moraluri problema rodia.

misi, rogorc dacemuli samyaros

fenomenis, daZleva SesaZlebelia

`axali SobiT~, qristianuli

egzistenciiT, romlis

saSualebiTac xorcieldeba

adamianebis Serigeba arsobrivad

gansxvavebul arsebasTan

(RmerTTan. _ mTargm.).

Tumca es Teologiuri WeSmariteba

ar warmoadgens eklesiisTvis

gamarTlebas politikuri

pasuxismgeblobis Tavidan

acilebis SemTxvevaSi,

rac Semarigebeli saSualeba

unda iyos am fragmentirebad

da konfliqtur samyaroSi.

ufro zustad ki, igi gamudmebiT

gvaxsenebs, rom istoriis

manZilze rogorc Tavad


#1(28)

eklesia, aseve danarCeni samyaro,

gansxvavebulobis winaaRmdegobad

gardaqmnis mudmivi

riskis winaSe imyofeba.

Cven, qristianebs, SegviZlia

mniSvnelovani xedvis SemoTavazeba

imis Taobaze, Tu rogor

unda gvesmodes gansxvavebulTa

urTierTmorigeba

erTobis saSualebiT: erTianoba

mravalferovnebaSi damaxasiaTebelia

TviT sameba

RmerTisTvis. ieso uyoymanod

urTierTobda radikalurad

gansxvavebul individebTan:

mwignobrebTan, mebaJeebTan,

vaWrebTan, meZavebTan da sxv.

gansxvavebulobis aRiareba

aucilebeli pirobaa namdvili

erTobisTvis. swored amgvar

erTobaSi arsebuli urTierTobebiT

aris SesaZlebeli

`sxvaTa~ gageba. erToba ubralod

wyvets Tavis arsebobas,

rodesac yoveli gansxvavebuloba

igiveobamde daiyvaneba.

RvTis maradiuli Zis ganxorcieleba

da misi amqveyniuri

msaxureba gvicxadebs, Tu rogori

siyvaruliT urTier-

Tobs igi mTel samyarosTan

mis mravalferovnebaSi. qriste,

Tavisi amqveyniuri msaxurebis

dros, yvela adamians

uziarebda RvTaebrivi siyvarulis

gardamqmnel Zalas.

igi kurnavda maT yovelgvar

sisustes da cdilobda gardaeqmna

isini im arsebebad, ra

arsebebad yofnisTvisac

iyvnen mowodebulni.

eklesiis

sajaro diskursi

qristianul eklesiaTa politikuri

argumentebi saxa-

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

rebiseul uwyebebs unda efuZnebodes

da imgvarad unda

warmovadginoT, rom misaRebi

iyos eklesiis arawevri sazogadoebebisTvisac.

amasTanave

eklesiis sajaro argumentebi

srulad unda eTanxmebodes

im standartebs, romelTa meSveobiTac

eklesiis Sida cxovreba

regulirdeba, da rodesac

religiuri gaerTianeba

gamodis sakuTari sazRvrebidan,

mas SeuZlia sajaro sivrceSi

politikuri normebis

Sesabamisad moqmedeba saku-

Tari moraluri standartebis

Ralatis gareSe. qristianuli

rwmenis transcendentur

ganzomilebas SeuZlia

imoqmedos Caketili sistemebisa

da ideologiebis winaaRmdeg,

romlebic aferxeben

Tavisufal azrovnebasa da

cxovrebas. igi aseve seriozuli

gamowvevis winaSe ayenebs

nebismieri socialuri sistemis

absolutur moTxovnebs,

icavs adamianur Semoqmedebas

socialuri inertulobisagan

da pasuxismgeblobis grZnobas

nergavs sazogadoebriv

cxovrebaSi. amgvari tendenciebis

ganviTareba sajaro

sivrceSi SesaZlebelia saxarebiseuli

narativebis saSualebiT,

sazogadoebisaTvis

maTi mniSvnelobis ganmartebiT

dialogur reJimSi.

sazogadoebasTan dialogis

xarisxi damokidebulia ara

mxolod naTel mizanze, aramed

TviT Tanamosaubreebzec,

romlebic srulad da akuratulad

informirebulni unda

iyvnen mocemul sakiTxTan

dakavSirebuli argumentebisa

da faqtebis Taobaze. sanam

mxareebi diskusias daiwyeb-

86

}'vh'mksr

dnen, isini aucileblad unda

aRiWurvon urTierTgagebis

unariT an, ukidures SemTxvevaSi,

dialogis procesSi

mainc unda SeiZinon igi. ur-

TierTpativiscema da urTierTgagebis

unari dialogis

aucilebeli winapirobebia.

rogorc devid Treisi aRniSnavs:

`dialogs sakmaod

mkacri wesebi aqvs: Tqvi mxolod

is, rasac gulisxmob;

gamoTqvi igi maqsimalurad

akuratulad; gulisyuriT

mousmine da pativi eci gansxvavebul

Sexedulebas; mzad

iyavi sakuTari Sexedulebis

dasacavad an mis Sesasworeblad,

Tuki igi gamowvevis winaSe

daayena Tanamosaubrem;

mzad iyavi Sesadaveblad, roca

amis saWiroeba arsebobs,

magram daTme pozicia, Tuki

sawinaaRmdego mtkicebulebebs

warmogidgenen~.

amgvari diskusia (Cvens Sem-

TxvevaSi rogorc eklesiis monawileobis

saSualeba sazogadoebriv

debatebSi) gulisxmobs,

rom eklesia iRebs

gamowvevas sakuTari moraluri

Sexedulebebis xelaxali

formulirebisa da, ufro

metic, maTi Semdgomi ganvi-

Tarebis Taobaze; eklesiis

daniSnuleba marto is ki ar

aris, rom Tavad cxovrobdes

saxarebiseuli suliskveTebiT,

aramed _ isic, rom danarCen

samyarosac auwyos igi

masTan komunikaciis meSveobiT.

SesaZlebelia marTlmadidebluri

moraluri xedvis

ganviTarebis warmodgena

qristianuli rwmenis sxvadasxvagvari

aRqmis SeTvisebiT.

es mravalferovneba SeiZleba

asaxavdes zogadi isto-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


iuli mdgomareobis sxvadasxvagvar

gagebas an morwmune-

Ta arCevans: qristianuli

rwmenis sxvadasxva elements

miusadagon romelime konkretuli

mdgomareoba.

Cemi azriT, amgvari saxis

pluralizmi gardauvalia.

Tumca arsebobs imis saSiSroebac,

rom aseTi pluralizmi

SfoTis wyaro gaxdes eklesiis

moralur xedvasTan mimar-

TebaSi. marTlmadideblur TeologiaSi

Tavisufali arCevani

gulisxmobs adamianis

mier sakuTari rwmenis Tavisuflad

gamoxatvis arCevans.

ase rom, pirovnebas sruli

ufleba aqvs konkretulad

misTvis damaxasiaTebeli unikaluri

xedvisa Tu moqmedebis

Tavisuflebisa. amgvari

moraluri pluralizmis parametrebi

dadgenilia qristianuli

eklesiis erTiani

rwmeniT, misi zogadi eTosiT.

warsulSi, Cveulebriv, miiCneoda,

rom eklesias magisterialurad

(anu yvelasaTvis

savaldebulo wesiT. _ mTargm.)

unda gamoeTqva sakuTari

pozicia socialur sakiTxebze.

magram dRes, Cemi azriT,

eklesiam mTeli Tavisi Zalisxmeva

iqiTken unda mimarTos,

rom sakuTar wevrebs daexmaros

ganaviTaron moraluri

xedva da ipovon gzebi, erTi

mxriv, sarwmunoebrivi Sexedulebebisa

da, meore mxriv,

maTi praqtikulad ganxorcielebis

saSualebaTa erTmaneTTan

dasakavSireblad.

eklesia ver miiRebs monawileobas

sajaro diskusiebSi,

Tuki igi Tavis specifikur

msoflmxedvelobas gadmos-

cems raRac ezoTeruli da

bundovani eniT. eklesia maqsimalur

yuradRebas unda aqcevdes

sazogadoebis guliscemas.

argumenti mxolod ma-

Sin iqneba gasagebi da misaRebi,

rodesac sxvebi, romlebsac

ar esmiT saeklesio enis

specifikuroba, SeZleben misi

racionalurobis aRiarebas

da misi sargeblianobis danaxvas

sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis

ama Tu im sferosTvis.

monologebis seria, gadmocemuli

mxolod TeologebisTvis

gasagebi eniT, yovlad

usargebloa, gansakuTrebiT

maSin, Tu maTi winapirobebic

imgvaria, romlebsac ar iziareben

sazogadoebis calkeuli

wevrebi Tu institutebi.

amrigad, eklesia sabolood

uunaro aRmoCndeba gauziaros

sazogadoebas Tavisi unikaluri

xedvebi, TviT demokratiul

garemoSic ki.

dialogis process araviTari

efeqti ar eqneba, Tu igi tolerantobis

suliT ar ganimsWvaleba.

pluralisturi sazogadoebis

cxovreba yovel-

Tvis moculia uTanxmoebebiT

sajaro mniSvnelobis sakiTxebze

msjelobisas. Tu adamianebi

ar gamoimuSaveben gansxvavebebiT

gamowveuli uTanxmoebebis

konstruqciuli

gzebiT mogvarebisa da mSvidobiani

Tanacxovrebis unars,

maSin es uTanxmoebebi SeiZleba

Zaladobrivi konfliqtis

wyaro gaxdes. tolerantoba

adamianis Sinagani Tvisebaa,

romelic pluralistulma sazogadoebam

TiToeul mis moqalaqeSi

unda aRzardos da

ganamtkicos. dialogi yovlad

SeuZlebelia, Tuki mosaubre

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

87

solidaroba

ar aris tolerantulad ganwyobili,

Tuki mas ar surs im

SesaZleblobis aRiareba, rom

sxvas Tavisi `gansxvavebulobiT~

aqvs potenciali gaafar-

Toos da gaamdidros realobis

miseuli aRqma. saWiroa

adamianebma iseTive Sefaseba

da pativiscema gamoxaton maT

mimarT, visac ar eTanxmebian,

rogor Sefasebasa da pativiscemasac

Tavad moelian sxvebisagan.

amgvari tolerantoba

da pativiscema ar unda avurioT

relativizmSi, romelic

sworisa da mcdaris, WeSmaritisa

da yalbis, keTilisa da

borotis erTmaneTisgan gar-

Cevis uaryofas warmoadgens.

piriqiT, swored tolerantoba

iZleva amgvari msjelobis

SesaZleblobas.

ar unda gvqondes imis iluzia,

rom demokratiul sazogadoebaSi

yovelTvis SesaZlebelia

yvela sakiTxze dialogis

saSualebiT Tanxmobis

miRweva. arsebobs garkveuli

situaciebi, romlebic arasodes

ar iqnebian Sewynarebulni

ama Tu im religiuri

jgufis mier. sarwmunoebrivi

Sexedulebebi, romlebic religiuri

adamianebis identobas

gansazRvravs, SesaZloa

Rrma konfliqtSic aRmoCndes

romelime konkretul sakiTxTan

dakavSirebiT miRweul

SeTanxmebasTan liberalurdemokratiul

saxelmwifoSi.

amitom am adamianebis sindisma

SeiZleba protestis gamoxatva

moiTxovos da es protesti

mravali formiT gamovlindes,

dawyebuli ukmayofilebis

gamoxatviT, damTavrebuli

aqtiuri samoqalaqo daumorCileblobiT.

protestis


#1(28)

gamoxatva adamianis fundamenturi

uflebaa, romelsac liberalur-demokratiulisaxelmwifo

Tavis TiToeul

moqalaqes aniWebs. magram es

adamianebi ar Tavisufldebian

pasuxismgeblobisgan, rom

moralis farglebSi gamoxaton

sakuTari protesti. am

procesSi adamianuri Rirsebebis

dakargva eWvis qveS ayenebs

swored im sindisis moralur

sijansaRes, romelic

impulss aZlevs protestis

amgvari formiT gamoxatvas.

vadastureb ra adamianebis

mier protestis gamoxatvis

uflebis legitimurobas,

msurs mivuTiTo im kriteriumebze,

romelTa gamoyenebac

pluralistul saxelmwifoSi

moqalaqeebs daexmareba imis

gamosarkvevad, unda gaiziaron

Tu ara amgvari protesti. SesaZloa

maT gadaafason kidec

sakuTari ganwyobisa da qcevis

marTebuloba (aq avtori

unda gulisxmobdes religiur

fundamentalistTa survils,

saxelmwifo doneze iqnas gatarebuli

maTi konkretuli

moTxovnebi `gansxvavebuli~

tendenciebis Seviwroebasa Tu

akrZalvasTan dakavSirebiT. _

mTargm.). Zaladobrivi politikuri

strategiis danergva

arcTu ise gonivruli saqcielia.

adamianebi ar arian aR-

Wurvilni ucdomelobis TvisebiT.

rogorc istoria gviCvenebs,

zogierTi moraluri

msjeloba, romelic Zaladobrivad

iqna Tavsmoxveuli, sabolood

mcdari an zedmetad

damTrgunveli aRmoCnda. amitom

saWiroa miviRoT pluralizmis

pozitiuri gageba, rogorc

mkacri gafrTxileba

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

sxvadasxva arCevanisa da cxovrebis

gansxvavebuli wesis

dagmobis tendenciis winaaRmdeg.

sakuTari Sexedulebebis

sxvebisaTvis Tavs moxvevis

mizniT politikuri Zalauflebis

gamouyenebloba Cvensave

interesebSi unda Sediodes,

radgan politikuri Zalauflebis

balansis cvlilebis

dros SesaZloa kardinalurad

gansxvavebuli Sexedulebebis

mqone jgufma

Caigdos xelSi saxelmwifo

aparatze kontroli. garda

amisa, iZuleba iwvevs ukidures

gaRizianebasa da aRSfo-

Tebas, sazogadoebisgan gaucxoebas,

saxelisuflebo struqturebisadmi

pativiscemis

Sesustebas da mraval eWvs

badebs politikuri liderebis

ganzraxvebTan dakavSirebiT.

inglisuridan Targmna

daviT TinikaSvilma

wignidan: Emmanuel Clapsis.

Orthodoxy in conversation.

WCC Publications, Geneva, 2000

88

}'vh'mksr

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


eklesiisa

iRumeni petre meSCerinovi

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

89

solidaroba

da saxelmwifos

TanamSromlobis

Sesaxeb

1.

zafxulis damdegs momeca Sem-

Txveva bavSvTa da axalgazrdobis

sulieri ganviTarebis

sapatriarqo centris warmomadgeneli

vyofiliyavi saxelmwifo

dumaSi. demografiis

sakiTxebisadmi miZRvnil

`mrgval magidaze~ ruseTis

yvela kuTxidan Camosulma

kompetenturma, dainteresebulma

Tu gulSematkivarma

adamianma warmoadgina savalalo

statistika da ramdenime

mosazreba, Tu ra unda

gveRona am sferoSi Seqmnili

katastrofuli viTarebis gamosasworeblad.

diskusiis

dros ori ZiriTadi Tvalsazrisi

gamoikveTa. pirvelis mixedviT,

aucilebelia mraval-

Svilianobis, ojaxis presti-

Jis propaganda. saWiroa Tanamedrove,

ojaxis sawinaaRmdego

ideologiis Secvla mis-

Tvis sxva, pozitiuri ideologiis

dapirispirebis meSveobiT

da a.S. meore Tvalsazrisi ki,

romelic am striqonebis

avtorma gamoTqva, SeiZleba

im azramde daviyvanoT, rom

adamianebi ara mxolod aCenen

Svilebs, aramed mSoblebs

Svilebis aRzrdisa da yovelmxrivi

uzrunvelyofis valdebulebac

aqvT. amasTan SedarebiT

demografiul problemas,

garkveuli azriT, meoreuli

mniSvneloba eniWeba, vinaidan

igi zogadad ojaxis

arastabilurobis problemidan

gamomdinareobs. bevri

Svilis gaCenis survilis

uqonloba didwilad saxelmwifo

mxardaWeris ararsebobiTa

da Svilebis momavalTan

dakavSirebuli SiSiT aris

ganpirobebuli. es SiSi ki im

e. w. reformebis gamo Cndeba,

romlebic ganaTlebisa da jandacvis

komercializacias da

mraval sxva siaxles gulisxmobs.

garda amisa, istoriuli

mexsierebis ZaliT, Cvens qveyanaSi

veranairi ideologia

qmediTi ver iqneba, Tuki igi

konkretuli saqmeebiT ar iqna

ganmtkicebuli. Tuki adamianebs

mxolod da mxolod

movuwodebT: gaaCineT Svilebi!

ojaxi `magaria!~ (avtori aq

rusul Jargons iyenebs. _

mTargm.), magram xels ar Sevuw-


#1(28)

yobT am mowodebas gaazrebuli

socialuri politikiT, maSin

propaganda sawinaaRmdego Sedegs

gamoiRebs. garda amisa,

saxelmwifo duma swored is dawesebulebaa,

romelic mowodebulia

gadawyvitos socialuri

problemebi da realuri

SesaZleblobac aqvs saamisod.

`mrgval magidaze~ warmodgenili

iyo mesame Tvalsazrisic,

romelic erTma mRvdelma gamoTqva.

man Tavisi gamosvla

Semdegnairad daiwyo: `samwuxarod,

eklesia CvenTan jer

kidev gamoyofilia saxelmwifosgan...~

auditoria ukmayofilod

SeiSmuSna. (yvelaze

naklebad visurvebdi, rom

mkiTxvelma es striqonebi Cemi

TanamoZmis _ marTlac Rirseuli

moZRvrisa da brwyinvale

adamianis kicxvad aRiqvas. me

mxolod azrTa wyobaze, gamoTqmul

poziciaze vsaubrob).

Semdeg moZRvarma biblia daimowma,

romelic gveubneba,

rom ojaxi kargia. man imis

Sesaxebac isaubra, rom eklesias

SeuZlia demografiuli

problemebis gadaWra. `gamocdileba

gviCvenebs, rom

Tuki eklesias uSveben, magali-

Tad, cixeebSi, iq ukeTesi disciplina

myardeba; jarSi iklebs

`dedovSCina~; skolebSi

bavSebi naklebad celqoben...~

magram, miuxedavad amisa, eklesias,

samRvdeloebis warmomadgenelTa

saxiT, arsad ar

`uSveben~ da swored es aris

borotebis mizezi. problemis

gadawyveta gulisxmobs samRvdeloebis

daSvebas skoleb-

Si, sabavSvo dawesebulebebSi

da saerTod yvelgan, _ ganacxada

man da Tavisi gamosvla

ase daasrula: `arcTu ise

didi xnis win ruseTis erTerT

qalaqSi eklesiam specialuri

propagandistuli kampania

awarmoa, ris Sedegadac

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

Sobadoba iq maSinve gaizarda~.

sxdomaze damswre deputatma,

romelic mRvdlis mier dasaxelebuli

qalaqidan gaxldaT,

sakmaod xmamaRla gamoxata

Tavisi daeWveba am informaciasTan

dakavSirebiT, xolo

Cem gverdiT mjdomi Cinovniki

ganaTlebis saministrodan

(Cven mTeli `mrgvali magidis~

msvlelobisas erTmaneTs replikebs

vucvlidiT) Cems mxar-

Tan daixara da miTxra: `ese

igi, yvelgan unda SegiSvaT...~

sasuliero pirs Tavazianad mousmines,

madloba gadauxades

da diskusia kvlav gagrZelda

pirvel da meore Tvalsazris-

Ta gamo. mesame Tvalsazrisma

msjelobaze gavlena ver iqonia,

Tumca `mrgvali magidis~

bevri monawile eklesiisa da

saxelmwifos TanamSromlobis

mniSvnelobaze saubrobda.

sxdomis damTavrebis Semdeg

Cemma mezobelma Tavisi pozicia

aseTi sityvebiT ganmimarta:

`Tavis droze me ganaTlebis

saministros saolqo

departamentis raionuli

sammarTvelos xelmZRvaneli

gaxldiT. gadavwyviteT skolebSi

Segvetana sagani `marTlmadidebluri

kulturis

safuZvlebi~. survili gamiCnda

am gakveTils davswrebodi

da skolisken gavemarTe. gakveTili

meeqvse klasSi tardeboda.

naxevari gakveTilis

ganmavlobaSi mRvdeli bavSvebs

imis Sesaxeb uyveboda...

ra hqvia amas TqvenTan... ai,

gardacvalebis Semdeg rom

aris...~ `sazvereebi~, _ mivaSvele

me sityva. `diax, sazvereebis

Sesaxeb. Semdeg igi ratomRac

mowameobrivad aRsrulebul

mefe nikolozze

gadavida da imis mtkicebas

mohyva, rom Cven aucileblad

unda aRvadginoT TviTmpyro-

90

}'vh'mksr

beloba, radgan mxolod es gadaarCens

ruseTs. gakveTilis

bolos ki ganacxada, rom aucilebelia

davupirispirdeT

globalizacias, risTvisac

gogonebma grZeli kabebiTa

da TavsafrebiT unda iaron.

amis Semdeg gankarguleba gaveci,

rom Cemi raionis arcerT

skolaSi mRvdels ar Semoedga

fexi... me, ra Tqma unda,

mwams RmerTi da araferi maqvs

eklesiis sawinaaRmdego, magram,

mapatieT da, samRvdeloebis

winaaRmdegi var. Tqven

yvelafers moiTxovT, magram

risi mocema SegiZliaT sanacvlod?

TqvenTan saqmis daWera

xaTabalaa, _ TiTqos isev

me-19 saukuneSi xarT...~

saxelmwifo dumidan monasterSi

vbrundebodi da Tan Cemi

yurisTvis usiamovnod mosasmen

am sityvebze vfiqrobdi...

magram maT uaryofas verafriT

vaxerxebdi. am movlenis

Semdeg piradad davrwmundi

imaSi, rom Cinovnikebi,

romlebic eklesias arsad ar

`uSveben~, sulac ar iqcevian

ase boroti ganzraxviT, da

rom isini arc `msoflio SeTqmulTa

mier mosyiduli~ adamianebi

arian. maT gulwrfelad

surT Cvens qveyanaSi mdgomareobis

gamosworebisa da

gaumjobesebis xelSewyoba,

magram, miuxedavad eklesiis

mimarT mowiwebisa, didi survili

ar aqvT mis warmomadgenlebTan,

_ CvenTan,

mRvdlebTan, _ iurTierTon.

rogorc Cans, maT amis realuri

safuZvelic aqvT... modiT,

ganvixiloT ra safuZvelia es.

2.

pirveli, ris Sesaxebac mogviwevs

saubari, es aris erTgvari

`klerikalizmi~. eklesiac

da saxelmwifoc soli-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


darulni arian im mosazreba-

Si, rom sazogadoebrivi sike-

Tis sisavsisaTvis eklesiis

gamocdileba mniSvnelovani da

saWiroa. magram Cinovnikebs

umravles SemTxvevaSi sasuliero

pirebTan uwevT urTierToba

da arcTu ise iSviaTad

Cndeba SekiTxva: gamovxatavT

da gadmovcemT ki Cven, klerikosebi,

eklesiis gamocdilebas

saTanadod? vakvirdebi

ra Tanamedrove saeklesio

cxovrebas, mivdivar daskvnamde,

rom xSirad eklesiis

gamocdileba Canacvlebulia

ama Tu im konkretuli

mRvdelmsaxuris gamocdilebiT.

es ki, samwuxarod, yovelTvis

erTi da igive ar aris.

samRvdeloeba (ra Tqma unda,

yvela klerikoss ar vgulisxmob;

samwuxarod, Cveni wodebis

ramdenime warmomadgenelic

ki sakmarisia imisaTvis,

rom qvemoT gadmocemuli STabeWdileba

Camoyalibdes)

cxovrobs sruliad gansakuTrebul

pirobebSi. xeldasxmas,

sasuliero pirad kurTxevas,

adamiani gadahyavs TviTSefasebisa

da samyarosadmi damokidebulebis

sruliad gansxvavebul

sibrtyeSi; samwuxarod,

yvela sasuliero piri

ver iTvaliswinebs amas. Cven

SeveCvieT adamianebisadmi

mimarTvas `zemodan~: yurad-

RebiT unda gvismendnen, xelze

unda gvkocnidnen, adamianTa

sazogadoebaSi yovelTvis

pirvelebi unda viyoT. Cven

yvelafris Tqma SegviZlia,

rac TavSi mogviva, sxvebma ki

Tavis daqneviT unda gvipasuxon:

`marTalia, mamao!~ an

(amooxvriT): `ase Tqva moZRvarma~.

Cven Zalian xSirad

vfiqrobT, rom sasuliero

wodeba kompetenturobas

gvaniWebs yvela sferoSi, ris

gamoc sakuTar Tavs uflebas

vaZlevT, rom darwmunebiT da

rixiT visaubroT im sakiTxebze,

romelTa Sesaxeb warmodgenac

ki ar gvaqvs. aseve metyvelebisas,

gansakuTrebiT

iq, sadac es xSirad sruliad

uadgiloa, viyenebT gansakuTrebul

leqsikas: `kurTxevas

gaZlev~ (saero eniT es niSnavs:

nebarTvas an davalebas

gaZlev. _ mTargm.), `ar gaZlev

kurTxevas~, `morCileba

iqonie~, `Tavi daimdable~ da

a.S. Cven yvelas `SenobiT~ vesaubrebiT,

maT Soris im adamianebsac,

romlebic Cvenze

bevrad asakovanni arian. aseve,

gulwrfelad vfiqrobT,

rom yvela valdebulia pativs

mogvagebdes, miCveulni varT

Cveni sityvebisa da gankargulebebis

usityvo morCilebas.

yovelive amis gamo mravali

Cvengani Tamamdeba, viwyebT

adamianebiT manipulirebas,

vfiqrobT, rom mrevli Cveni

movalea, arcTu ise iSviaTad,

materialuri gagebiTac... yovelive

es xdeba Cvens viwro

saeklesio wreSi da amgvari

ram SesaZlebelia swored imitom,

rom mraval eklesiur

adamians eklesiisadmi mowiweba,

zogadad saeklesio wodebisadmi

mokrZaleba Tavad am

wodebis matarebelze, Cvenze

gadmoaqvs (rasac xSirad Cven

TviTon STavagonebT maT), miuxedavad

Cveni zneobrivi

mdgomareobisa. wm. Teofane

dayudebuli werda, rom moZ-

Rvari bevrs da didxans unda

muSaobdes sakuTar Tavze,

raTa man adamianebSi ndoba,

pativiscema da wona moipovos,

amis miRweva ki avtomaturad,

mxolod sasuliero

wodebis miRebiT, SeuZlebelia.

bevr klerikoss aviwydeba es.

xSirad Cven sikeTis, taqtis,

delikaturobis, zrdilobianobis,

adamianebisadmi pativiscemisa

da maTi problemebis

gaTavisebis unaris nacv-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

91

solidaroba

lad sruliad sxva Tvisebebs

vavlenT. yovelive amis gamo

xSirad `amovardnilni varT

realobidan~. araerTxel SemimCnevia,

rom mraval

mRvdels mxolod eklesiur

adamianebTan urTierToba

SeuZlia, xolo `gareSeebTan~

(araeklesiur adamianebTan. _

mTargm.) urTierTobis unari

saerTod ar gaaCnia... es ukanasknelni

aseT sasuliero

pirTan saubris Semdeg gakvirvebulni

brundebian ukan.

aseTia realuri suraTi.

is, rac viwro saeklesio sivrceSi

xdeba, sruliad uadgiloa

danarCen sazogadoebaSi.

Cinovnikebi, ZiriTadad, araeklesiuri

adamianebi arian,

romlebmac ar ician yvela Cveni

`ileTi~. isini sulac ar

arian valdebulni pativiscemiT

gvepyrobodnen da gvemor-

Cilebodnen. isini CvenSi xedaven

ara (maTTvis gaugebari)

wodebis matarebel ierarqs,

aramed sakuTar TavTan mimar-

TebaSi sruliad Tanaswor adamians,

sakuTar sferoSi pasuxismgebel

da kompetentur specialists.

magram, rogorc Cans,

Cven xSirad sruliad ar SevesabamebiT

am warmodgenas. gana

Cveni pirovnebis mixedviT ar

msjeloben eklesiaze da Tan

ara mxolod kerZo pirebi, aramed

adamianebi, romlebzec mar-

Tlac Zalian bevri ram aris damokidebuli?

sakmarisia erTi

mRvdelic ki, romelmac ar icis

ris Sesaxeb da rogor isaubros

Tanamedrove bavSvebTan, rom

mTeli raionis skolebi `marTlmadidebluri

kulturis safuZvlebis~

gareSe darCes.

Cveni, klerikosebis, saxiT

eklesia xSirad warmodgenilia

ucnaur dawesebulebad, romlis

winaSec Cinovnikebi `mwyobrSi

unda Cadgnen~ da `Sesawi-


#1(28)

ri gaiRon~. mwyobrSi Cadgoma

maT ar surT, Cven ki maSinve

maT kicxvas viwyebT: es Cinovnikebi

ar gvafaseben, eklesias

ar `uSveben~, CvenTan saqmis

daWera ar surT... magram

saWiroa ara `klerikaluri~,

aramed normaluri, adamianuri

kuTxiT SevxedoT am mdgomareobas:

ratom ar surT?

swored imitom, rom Cvens

droSi sakmarisi aRar aris

mxolod mivekuTvnebodeT

marTlmadidebel eklesias da

amis gamo viTxovdeT sxvebisgan

rames, dRes saWiroa saqmeebiT

davamtkicoT sakuTari

aRmsareblobis Rirseba da

amgvarad SevesabamebodeT mas.

vinaidan Cven marTlac gvsurs

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

xelisuflebasTan TanamSromloba

Cvens TanamemamuleTa

sasikeTod (da ara imitom,

rom vinmes `fuli davayrevinoT~,

gavdevnoT protestantebi

an sakuTari viwro partiuli

problemebi movagvaroT),

amisTvis Cinovnikebis

lanZRva ki ara, sakuTari Tavis

gverdidan yurebaa saWiroa,

dasawyisisTvis, ubralod,

adekvatur adamianad

gadaqceva, romelic naTlad

acnobierebs sakuTari kompetenciis

sazRvrebs.

amas rom mivaRwevT, mere, pirvel

yovlisa, Cvenive pirovneba

unda ganvmsWvaloT qristianuli

swavlebiT, wesiere-

92

}'vh'mksr

bisa da kulturulobis nimu-

Sad gadaviqceT da mxolod

amis Semdeg (da mxolod im

SemTxvevaSi, roca es uadgilo

ar iqneba) movyveT `sulierebisadmi

apelirebas~, daviwyoT

bibliidan citatebis

srola, movuwodebdeT Sesawiris

gaRebisaken da vaswavlideT

adamianebs ra aris

codva da ra _ ara.

3.

arsebobs meore problemac, romelic

xels uSlis eklesiisa

da saxelmwifos nayofier TanamSromlobas.

amgvari Tanam-

Sromlobis sfero, ZiriTadad,

socialuria. magram Cvens ek-

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


lesias dRes ara aqvs an Zalian

mcire raodenobiT aqvs konceptualuri

socialuri proeqtebi

(aq ar vsaubrobT imaze,

rom eklesiam sakuTari qmedeba

Caunacvlos saxelmwifos

qmedebas an Seavsos misi umoqmedoba;

mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs

saeklesio-socialuri programebi,

romlebSic sazogadoebaSi

eklesiis moqmedebebia

Camoyalibebuli da gawerili).

Cven sruliad samarTlianad

vacxadebT, rom garkveul socialur

sferoebSi eklesiis

gamocdileba Seucvlelia, magram

mocemul etapze ar gagvaCnia

ramdenadme mniSvnelovani

da sistemurad damuSavebuli

gegma, romelic saSualebas

mogvcemda es gamocdileba

warmatebiT migvesadagebina

dRevandelobis realiebisTvis.

amis gamo yvela Cveni ke-

Tili survili deklaraciad

rCeba, ukeTes SemTxvevaSi mxolod

kerZo, erTjerad aqciebs

Tu vaxerxebT. deklaraciebi

ki, romlebsac ar axlavs

kargad mofiqrebuli samoqmedo

gegma da misi ganxorcielebisTvis

aucilebeli saSualebebi,

ori safrTxis Semcvelia:

pirveli maTgani saswaulisadmi

apelaciaa _ TiTqosda sakmarisi

iyos mxolod samRvdeloebis

SeSveba skolebSi, jar-

Si da a. S., da yovelive ukeTesobisken

Seicvleba. meore safrTxe

ki aqedan gamomdinare

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

93

solidaroba

upasuxismgeblobaSi mdgomareobs.

erTi nacnobi mRvdeli,

romelic ruseTis erT-erTi

patara qalaqis gareubanSi

msaxurobs, miyveboda rogor

daiwyo man ambionidan (eparqiis

xelmZRvanelobisgan STagonebulma)

Sobadobis zrdisken

mowodebebi. msaxurebis

damTavrebis Semdeg masTan

erTi qali mivida da hkiTxa:

`mamao, ai me ori Svili myavs.

me da Cemi qmari erTad TveSi

mxolod 10,000 maneTs vRebulobT

da Tvidan Tvemde Zlivs

gagvaqvs Tavi. ra Tqma unda,

kargi iqneboda meti bavSvi

gvyavdes, magram rogor Sev-

ZloT maTi Senaxva? SeuZlia,

magaliTad, Cvens mrevls


#1(28)

TveSi Tundac 3-4 aTasi mane-

Tis Segroveba Cveni ojaxisTvis?

moZRvari pasuxobs: `moxarulni

viqnebodiT, magram,

samwuxarod, ar SegviZlia...

ai, taZris saxuravidan wyali

Camodis, kankelisTvisac fulia

saWiro, verc imis saxsrebs

vSoulob, rom komunaluri

gadasaxadebis davalianeba

davfaro...~ qali ekiTxeba: `albaT

arc eparqias SeuZlia, ara?~

mRvdelma mwared Caicina...

amis Semdeg man saerTod

Sewyvita am Temaze qadageba.

diax, Cven eklesiis saxeliT

`visvriT~ sxvadasxva mowodebebs,

magram Semdeg ra? ufali

Segveweva? yvela problema,

materialuri da socialuri,

saswaulebrivad gadawydeba?

samwuxarod, eklesiaSi saswaulebi

socialuri SekveTebisgan

damoukideblad aResruleba

da Tanac amgvar movlenebs

masobrivi xasiaTi ar aqvT. yovelive

amis Sedegad ki eklesia

sakmaod upasuxismgeblod

SeiZleba gamoiyurebodes, maT

Soris Cinovnikebis TvalSi. saxelmwifo

moxeleebi Cvengan

realur saqmeebs elian: Semu-

Savebul gegmebs, gaazrebul

programebs, eseni ki ar arsebobs.

Cinovnikebma ar ician Cvengan

ras unda elodon, radgan,

Tuki ar arsebobs naTlad SemuSavebuli

koncefcia, saqme

damokidebuli xdeba, ase vTqvaT,

kerZo saeklesio pirebze,

romlebic am saqmiT arian

dakavebulni _ maT ki, TiToeul

maTgans, TavSi ra mouva,

erTma RmerTma uwyis. amis

gamo Cinovnikebma ician, rom

sxva SemTxvevaSic SesaZloa ise

moxdes, rogorc es `marTlmadidebluri

kulturis safuZvlebsa~

da `gadamxdelTa individualur

nomerTan~ (ÈÍÍ)

dakavSirebiT moxda... da amjobineben

aRar gariskon.

Solidarität

EX CATHEDRA

zemoT naxsenebi socialuri

programebis ararsebobidan,

Tavis mxriv, ufro mniSvnelovani

sakiTxi gamomdinareobs

_ sistemuri moqmedebis ararseboba

Tavad eklesiis SigniT.

Cvens Tanamedrove saeklesio

cxovrebaSi am saxis uamravi

problemaa. davasaxeleb mxolod

zogierTs: axalgazrdobasTan

dakavSirebuli konceptualuri

muSaobis, katexizaciis,

qvelmoqmedebis, misionerobis

da sxv. ararseboba. am

sferoebSi yvelaferi enTuziastebis

anabaraa mitovebuli,

romlebic xSirad saeklesio

struqturebisgan yovelgvari

daxmarebis gareSe muSaoben.

samRvdeloebis ganaTleba

kritikas ver uZlebs. arc

saeklesio saswavlo dawesebulebebSia

swavlebis done maRali.

samrevlo cxovrebaSi Zalian

gavrcelebulia magizmi,

berebis Tayvanismcemloba

(ñòàðöåïîêëîííè÷åñòâî), SemaZrwunebeli

uvicoba, xSirad isteriulobamde

misuli: am mxriv

sakmarisia zemoT naxseneb

ÈÍÍ-Tan, `gadamxdelTa individualur

nomerTan~, dakavSirebuli

aJiotaJi gavixsenoT.

Cven mxolod im SemTxvevaSi

SevZlebT avtoritetisa da

sazogadoebaze realuri gavlenis

mopovebas, Tuki eklesiis

sulieri da socialuri cxovrebis

mTeli sisavsiT movaxdenT

sakuTari Tavis realizebas.

es ki SeuZlebelia zemoT

naxsenebi saeklesio problemebis

mogvarebis gareSe. da

Tu ar daviwyebT maT mogvarebas,

Cvens ganzraxvebs seriozulad

aravin moekideba, radgan

isini mxolod sityvebad

darCeba, romlebic ukve yvelas

mobezrebuli aqvs. amitom

sanam moviTxovdeT, rom

yvelgan `SegviSvan~, jer modiT

sakuTar TavSi gavarkvioT da

94

}'vh'mksr

sakuTar wiaRSi movagvaroT

mTeli wyeba problemebisa da

bolos da bolos daviwyoT

realuri saqmis keTeba _ Tundac

jer mxolod im saSualebebisa

da Zalebis gamoyenebiT,

romlebic amJamad gagvaCnia.

dasasrulisTvis minda aRvniSno,

rom yovelive zemoTqmulis

gamo ar minda vinmem daaskvnas,

TiTqos eklesiisa da

saxelmwifos TanamSromlobis

winaaRmdegi var an im azrs

viziareb, rom amgvari TanamSromloba

ganusazRvreli vadiT

unda gadaidos, im droisaTvis,

rodesac Cvens eklesiaSi

yvelaferi brwyinvaled

iqneba. me araTu winaaRmdegi

var, aramed orive xeliT mxars

vuWer amgvar TanamSromlobas

swored axla, Zvirfasi drois

dakargvis gareSe. sazogadoebas

sWirdeba eklesia, radgan,

rogorc ukve aRiniSna, aris

sferoebi, sadac misi gamocdileba

Seucvlelia da prioritetuli.

da saerTod, sad

unda iyos ufro mtkiced da

daumaxinjeblad Semonaxuli

adamianuri da sazogadoebrivi

faseulobebi, Tu ara qristes

eklesiaSi? aseve eklesiac sa-

Wiroebs saxelmwifos mxridan

xelSewyobas sakuTari arsebobis

garegani mxaris mosawyobad.

me mxolod is msurs,

rom am TanamSromlobaSi eklesia

Rirseulad gamoiyurebodes,

rom Cven, misi wevrebi,

gansakuTrebiT sasuliero

pirebi, ar vaxdendeT eklesiis

diskreditacias, da minda, rom

es TanamSromloba urTierTpativiscemas,kompetenturobas,

profesionalizms daefuZnos

da ara _ calmxriv

klerikalizmsa da upasuxismgeblobas.

rusulidan Targmna

daviT TinikaSvilma

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


eTnosebi saqarTveloSi

rogor viRebdi

fotosamuSao, romelic saxalxo

damcvelis ofisTan arsebuli

tolerantobis centris

da gaeros proeqtis dakveTiT

Cavatare, erT-erTi yvelaze

saintereso iyo Cems cxovrebaSi

_ sainteresoc da, axla

ukve SemiZlia vTqva, sasargebloc,

radgan orive enciklopedia

_ saqarTveloSi gavrcelebuli

religiebisa da

CvenTan mcxovrebi eTnosebis

Sesaxeb ukve gamovida da kargic

gamovida. xolo is, rom

am Sinaarsobrivad Zalian sa-

Wiro wignebis gaformebaSi mec

mimiZRvis garkveuli wili, kmayofilebis

grZnobiT mavsebs.

rodesac am samuSaos davTanxmdi,

ukve vicodi, rom siamovnebiTa

da gulmodginebiT gadaviRebdi

fotoebs. me isedac

_ grantis gareSec _ vmogzaurob

da suraTebsac viReb,

axla ki SemeZlo manqana dameqiravebina

da proeqtisTvis

saintereso yvela adgili auCqareblad

Semomevlo. proeqti

ki saqarTvelos mraval

CemTvis saintereso kuTxesa

da sayvarel adgils moicav-

Fluskfhf Àìãàðäçèíàä solidaroba Solidarity Ñîëèäàðíîñòü

95

solidaroba

gansxvavebasa

da msgavsebas

arCil qiqoZe

da: kaxeTsa da javaxeTs, mesxeTsa

da aWaras... foTSi sagangebod

Cavedi staroverebis

eklesiis gadasaRebad,

onis sinagogisTvis ki raWaSi

ar davizareT asvla.

axla, roca samuSao damTavrebulia,

pirvel yovlisa adamianebi

maxsendeba, isini visac

am xetialis dros gadaveyare

da suraTebic gadavuRe. TiToeuli

adamianis ukan xom misi

ambavi dgas, xandaxan ki misi

xalxis istoriac. erTma Jurnalistma

amaswinaT mkiTxa:

gvgvanan Tu ara isini Cveno?

`isini~ sxva erovnebebis Svilebs

gulisxmobda. ra ginda,

ro upasuxo?! raRacaSi gvgvanan

da raRacaSi, ra Tqma unda,

ara. swored es armgvanebagansxvavebulobaa,

risic ase

gveSinia da vufrTxiT xolme

da ramac Cemi mogzaurobebi

da samuSao aseTi saintereso

gaxada.

ai, ramdenjer gamevlo manqaniT

yvarel-lagodexis gzaze

da araferi vicodi im

xalxebis Sesaxeb, romelTa


#1(28)

soflebsac gverdiT Cavuvlidi.

odnav gadavuxvie gzidan

da sul sxva samyaroSi aRmov-

Cndi _ sofel TivSi avarelebis

(Cveneburad lekebis) sagazafxulo

dReobaze. ho, pirveli

mudam es dReoba maxsendeba,

radgan am xalxis Sesaxeb

adre marTla araferi vicodi

da yvelaferi axali iyo

CemTvis.

cecxlze Semodgmul uzarmazar

qvabebSi simindi ixarSeboda,

garSemo sazeimod Cacmuli

qalebi fusfusebdnen.

saxlebidan ezidebodnen tkbileulobas.

kacebi cotani iyvnen.

erTi biWi vicani, ufro

sworad, misi iarebiT dafaruli

qofaki mecno. oriode

dRiT adre kabalSi navruz

bairamobaze gamarTul ZaRlebis

CxubSi vnaxe orive. im

brZolaSi, romelic kabalis

stadionze gaimarTa doRsa

da Widaobas Soris, axalgazrda

lekis qofaki damarcxda.

roca vuTxari Seni ZaRlis

Cxubi maxsovs-meTqi, biWma ma-

Sinve gaxsna Subli. _ pirvelad

damarcxdao, _ miTxra da momiyva,

rom ZaRli mis Zmakacs

oriode wlis win daRestnSi

mouparavs. _ aq rogor moiyvana-meTqi,

vkiTxe da mTebze

gadmoatarao _ biWma eSmakurad

CaiRima da Cvens Tavze wamomdgar,

jer kidev TovliT

dafarul (martis bolos xdeboda

es ambavi) kaxeTis kavkasionisken

gaaqnia Tavi. maSin

mivxvdi, rom garTulebuli

savizo reJimisa da Caketili,

ormxrivad jariT gamagrebuli

sazRvrebis miuxedavad am

xalxs Tavis mTisiqaTa sam-

SobloSi CasaRwevad raRac

bilikebi da saidumlo gzebi

mainc gamoeZebna.

Solidarität

eTnosebi saqarTveloSi

mere daiwyo zeimi, aTasgvari

Sejibrebebi, TamaSebi da rac

mTavaria _ cekva. viRacam saxlidan

magnitafoni moitana

da pirvelad vnaxe, Tu rogor

cekvavdnen lekebi lekurs.

Zalian magrad cekvavdnen,

araakademiurad da lamazad.

iq qalic iyo erTi (sxvanairad

arc SeiZleba momxdariyo),

yvelasagan gansxvavebuli, yvelaze

amayi da moxdenili, cekva-TamaSSi

pirveli da ramdenime

Tvis mere erTma Cemma megobarma

misi fotoebi rom

naxa, mkiTxa _ davijero, cota

mainc ar Segiyvardao... saqme

is aris, rom Cemda bedad avarul

dReobaze alkoholi ar

hqondaT, Torem SeiZleba im

qalis Semxedvares rame iseTi

gamousworebeli sibriyve Camedina,

rom maspinZelTa kavkasiuri

stumarTmoyvareoba

ucbad Secvliliyo kavkasiuri

risxviT. magram mSvidobiT

damTavrda yvelaferi. me ki

uamravi suraTi damrCa martis

im mzian da Tbil dRes gadaRebuli.

saerTod, yvareli-lagodexis

mxare eTnikurad Zalian Wreli

da sainteresoa. aqeT _

azerbaijanlebis uzarmazari

soflebi, iqiT _ rus molokan-

Ta patara dasaxleba grafovka

(Tavis droze ufro metni

yofilan da axla cotaniRa

darCnen), sadac moxuc dedas-

Tan stumrad Camosuli Tbilisis

aerodromze momuSave

rusi bortmeqanikosi gvimaspinZldeboda

kitris mwnili-

Ta da diliT mokluli gareuli

ixvis xorciT. isic Tavis

cxovrebas hyveboda, gverdiT

rusuli Rumeli enTo da

Zneli saTqmeli iyo, ra

qveyanaSi vimyofebodiT.

96

}'vh'mksr

yvarel-lagodexis gzazea

sofeli zinobianic _ udinebis

(udebis) samSoblo. udinebi

Zveli Zlevamosili qveynis

kavkasiuri albaneTis mkvidrTa

STamomavlebad iTvlebian,

maTi mSobliuri ena daRestnur

enaTa jgufs ganekuTvneba

da udinebi erT-erTi

yvelaze patara eTnosia msoflioSi.

amaze uiliam saroianis

moTxroba gamaxsenda _

70 aTasi asirieli (udinebi ki

70 aTasze bevrad, bevrad

cotani arian). aqac vaCxakune

Cemi aparati, zinobianis skolaSi

ganTavsebuli patara

muzeumic davaTvaliere, ramdenime

kargi portretic gadaviRe

da, saerTod, mTeli

Cemi mogzaurobebis manZilze,

sanam proeqti damTavrdeboda,

mudmivad karg gunebaze

viyavi, radgan win kidev meloda

gza da samuSao. Tanac

jer javaxeTi mqonda mosanaxulebeli

_ Cemi sayvareli

kuTxe, sadac orwliani wyvetilis

mere isev Cavedi aparatiT

xelSi.

ori weli arc bevria da arc

cota _ raRac-raRacebi mainc

Secvlili momeCvena iq. yovel

SemTxvevaSi, bevrad ufro

ndobiT mekidebodnen, rodesac

yovel Semodgomaze dabarebuliviT

TofiT gamovcxaddebodi

xolme iq da iqaur

nadir-frinvels avutexavdi

daga-dugs. aparatze cota

daiZabnen, iyo mudmivi SekiTxvebi:

ras viReb, ratom viReb,

vis sWirdeba, sinamdvileSi

vin dgas am yvelafris ukan...

samagierod megobrebi ar misvamdnen

zedmet kiTxvebs. ulamazesi

faravnis tbis piras,

sofel rodionovkaSi me da

Ñîëiäàðíiñòü


Saliko varJapetiani mTeli

saRamo vijeqiT gareT, mis

dadgmul Tivis bululs zurgiT

miyrdnobilebi, da am ori

wlis manZilze momxdars ganvixilavdiT.

Salikos mTavrobis

kursi ar moswonda, rame

ubedurebas gadaveyrebiTo _

ambobda, Tumca imasac aRiarebda,

CvenTvis, somxebisTvis

TbilisSi Camosvla ufro

uxifaTo gaxdao. manamde azri

ara hqonda Tqvenken kartofilis

wamoRebas, ramdenjerac

mivqare da wamovedi,

imdenjer saSineli Seuracxyofa

Semxvda policiisgan,