saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli

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saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli

4 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaqarTvelos eklesiaSi moZRvrebis, mmarTvelobisa da saeklesio sasamarTlos sferoSiumaRlesi xelisufleba ekuTvnis saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinods (saeklesio krebas),misi zrunvis erT-erT sagans warmoadgens `saeklesio kanonebis krebulis, sasulieroda saero saswavleblebis Sesabamisi saxelmZRvaneloebisa da saRvTismetyveloliteraturis~ gamocema (1995 wlis saeklesio krebis debuleba, Tavi II, $20).am muxlis aRsasruleblad gaweul naSroms warmoadgens mitropolit anania jafariZiswigni `saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli~ (saqarTvelos saeklesiokrebebis samarTali, kanonebi da dadgenilebebi).naSromSi erTadaa Tavmoyrili da ganxiluli IV-XX saukuneTa saqarTvelos saeklesiokrebebis samarTali.ganxilul 15 sakanonmdeblo da 50-ze met mimdinare krebis analizs Tan erTviskrebebis mier gamocemuli samarTlis Zeglebi, amitomac naSromi, amasTanave, warmoadgenssaqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuls, romelic esaWiroeba rogorc sasulieropirebsa da marTlmadidebel mrevls, aseve saqarTvelos eklesiis istoriis mkvlevarebs.es wigni, saxelwodebiT `saqarTvelos saeklesio krebebi~, 2003 wlidan warmoadgenssaxelmZRvanelos sasuliero akademiaSi.recenzentebi: g. alasania, s. vardosaniZe,i. gorgiZe, z. gasitaSvilimeore Sesworebuli gamocemadamtkicebulia monografiadstu-is saredaqcio-sagamomcemlosabWos mier. 14.12.2010, oqmi #7© mitropoliti anania jafariZe, 2010ISBN 978-9941-14-879-8yvela ufleba daculia. am wignis arc erTi nawili (iqneba es teqsti, foto, ilustracia Tusxva) aranairi formiT da saSualebiT (iqneba es eleqtronuli Tu meqanikuri), ar SeiZlebagamoyenebul iqnas gamomcemlis werilobiTi nebarTvis gareSe.saavtoro uflebebis darRveva isjeba kanoniT.sagamomcemlo saxli ,,teqnikuri universiteti~http://www.gtu.ge/publishinghouse/


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli5SesavalisaqarTvelos wmida eklesia warmoadgens erT-erT nawils sayovelTao msoflioeklesiisa, amitomac misi samarTlis wyaroebi igivea, rac msoflio eklesiisa, Tumcacxadia, mas viTarca adgilobriv eklesias, sakuTari wyaroebic aqvs, eseniasaqarTvelos saeklesio krebaTa dadgenilebani, eklesiis meTaurTa, kaTalikospatriarqTaepistoleebi da dadgenilebani, saxelmwifo kanonmdeblobani saeklesiosaqmeTa Sesaxeb, samoqalaqo xasiaTis iuridiuli dokumentebi eklesiis Sesaxeb,agreTve eklesiis avtoritetul mamaTa ganmartebani.saqarTvelos eklesiis istoriis mniSvnelovan nawils warmoadgens qarTulisaeklesio samarTali, romlis mTavari wyaro adgilobrivi saeklesio krebebi damisi kanonmdeblobaa. marTalia, CvenSi saeklesio krebebs uZvelesi droidanveiwvevdnen, magram, samwuxarod, aqamde arc adgilobrivi saeklesio kanonebiskrebuli da arc TviT krebaTa ganzogadebuli analizi gagvaCnda. am ukanasknelTaSeswavlis mxriv, CvenSi garkveuli CamorCena igrZnoba. marTalia, XX s-isdasawyisSi niko maris, ivane javaxiSvilis, korneli kekeliZisa da sxva didmecnierTa RvawliT safuZveli Caeyara qarTuli samarTlis zogadi istoriisSeswavlas, magram aTeisturi reJimis dros, XX s-is 20-iani wlebidanve, CaiSalasaeklesio samarTlis Seswavlis axalwamowyebuli saqme. wyaroebis naklebobasTanerTad, albaT amiT unda aixsnas, rom samecniero literaturaSi mxolod ramdenimesaeklesio krebaa ganxiluli, maSin, roca IV s-dan XX s-mde, TiTqmis 1600 wlismanZilze, saqarTveloSi asobiT saeklesio kreba unda yofiliyo mowveuli,dReisaTvis maTi umravlesoba araTu Seswavlili, gamovlenilic ki ar aris.amasTanave unda aRiniSnos, rom Znelia saeklesio krebebis gamovlena zRvasaistorio masalidan, ar arsebobs am krebebis Sesaxeb pirdapiri miTiTeba,zogierTi gamonaklisis garda. mkvlevari iZulebulia sxvadasxva sigel-gujarsa damatianeebSi eZios mxolod iribi miniSneba, anda mowmoba adgilobriv saeklesiokrebaTa Sesaxeb. maTi gamovlenis gareSe ki, rogorc aRiniSna, SeuZlebelia


6 mitropoliti anania jafariZesamarTlis istoriisa da, maSasadame, saqarTvelos eklesiis sruli istoriis dawera.mociqulTa, wmida mamaTa da msoflio krebaTa kanonebze dafuZnebuli saeklesiosamarTali ZvelTaganve moqmed samarTals warmoadgenda saqarTveloSi. 1 am codnasefuZneboda wmida eqvTime mTawmidelisa da arsen iyalToelis mier gamocemuli`mcire~ da `didi~ sjuliskanonebi. CvenSi, rogorc Cans, aseve icnobdnen msofliokrebebis kanonebis ganmmarteblebis: balsamonis, zonaras, aristinesa da maTeosblastaris Sromebs, amitomac am ukanasknelis `alfabeturi sintagmisa~ daarmenopulos SromaTa Targmanebi `mefe rjulmdeblis~, vaxtang VI-is RvawliTgamokrebili saxiT miecaT qarTvelebs. es gvafiqrebinebs, rom Tu ara saqarTveloseklesiis avtokefaliis gauqmeba ucxo Zalebis mier, ueWvelad, saeklesio samarTalisaqarTveloSic miaRwevda Sesabamis simaRles. erT umcires, mokrZalebul nabijadam gzaze albaT SeiZleba miviCnioT winamdebare naSromi, romelic daiwera Cveniuflisa da macxovris, ieso qristes sadideblad.naSromis mizania vrceli saistorio masalidan saqarTvelos adgilobrivikrebebis Sesaxeb monacemebis gamovlena, maTi analizi istoriul-filologiuriTvalsazrisiT da maTi dalageba garkveuli principebis Sesabamisad (qronologiuradda sistematurad), amasTanave, mokvleuli masalebis Sejereba msoflio saeklesiosamarTlis Tanamedrove donesTan, SesaZleblobis farglebSi. ivane javaxiSvilisaRniSvniT, samarTlis sferoSi momuSave unda iyos istorikos-filologosi daamasTanave unda hqondes specialuri iuridiuli ganaTleba, amitomac Cven, viTarcamxolod istorikosi da ara iuristi, ufro metad vixilavT saeklesio krebebsistoriul-filologiuri TvalTaxedviT da naklebad vexebiT maT dogmatikurkanonikurimxriv, Tumca ki mogvaqvs uxvi masala mis Sesaxebac. amasTanave, 20-ze meti wlis manZilze Cemi episkoposobis dros, rogorc eparqiaSi, ise wmidasinodSi xSiri Sexeba mqonda saeklesio-kanonikur samarTalTan. am praqtikulmasaqmianobam cotaodenad gaamdidra Cemi codna am sferoSi. vloculobT, raTaSemdgom Taobas, ufro metad daxelovnebuls iuridiul sferoSi, Cveni naSromigamoadges, viTarca erTi safexuri ufro maRal simaRleze asasvlelad.gamokvlevis sagani. istoriulad saqarTvelos adgilobrivi eklesiisaTvis savaldebuloamsoflio sayovelTao eklesiis mier SemuSavebuli sakanonmdeblo Zeglebi,amitomac qarTuli saeklesio samarTali, erTi mxriv, umTavresad msoflio eklesiiskanonmdeblobas emyareba da misi saeklesio kanonmdeblobis saTaves msofliokrebebi Seadgens, meore mxriv ki, aseTs warmoadgens saqarTvelos adgilobrivikrebebi, rogorc ivane javaxiSvili uwodebda _ `adgilobiTi krebani~. 2Cveni gamokvlevis sagans warmoadgens saqarTvelos adgilobrivi krebebi.rogorc aRiniSna, saqarTvelos eklesiis, viTarca saxelmwifo mniSvnelobis saeklesioorganizaciis oficialurad arsebobis 16 saukunis manZilze, mravali krebaunda mowveuliyo. kanonikuri samarTali iTvaliswinebda weliwadSi ramdenimesaeklesio krebis mowvevas, Tumca mas sxvadasxva Sesabamis konkretul mizezTagamoc iwvevdnen. miuxedavad mowveul krebaTa siWarbisa, maT Sesaxeb pirdapiricnobebi metad mcire raodenobiT SemorCa. sxvadasxva wyaroTa monacemebzedayrdnobiT, Cven mier SesaZlebeli gaxda saqarTveloSi Catarebuli, anda qarTulieklesiisadmi miZRvnili 40-mde krebis gamovlena XIX s-mde, xolo XX s-SiCatarebuli krebebis ricxvi aWarbebs 50-s. isini davyaviT or ZiriTad jgufad_ pirvelia krebebi, romelnic iyvnen mowveulni kanonmdeblobiTi moRvaweobisaTvis,anda Seikribnen sagangebod pirvelxarisxovani sakiTxebis gansaxilvelad da1i. doliZe, qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III t. 1970 w. winasityvaoba, gv. 5; 2 iv. javaxiSvili,qarTuli samarTlis istoria, wigni 1, Txzulebani, t. VI, 1982, gv. 24-26.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli9mefeman, rameTu saxlni RvTisani quab avazakTa qmnil iyvnen, mwyemsni _ aramwyemsni, garna mgelni, amisTvis Sekribna kaTalikoz-episkopozni da samRvdelonimamulisa Tvisisani da sxua-kerZonica, qmna kreba q ~ sa C ~ rg [1103 w.] qarTulsat ~ kg, da TviTca mun mjdomi ara viTarca mefe, aramed viTarca mona, ganamtkicesi ~ b krebaTa damtkicebuli WeSmariti sarwmunoeba, uRirsni gankueTnes da daaweseserad, xolo Rirsni saydarTa maTTa dasxes~. 8vaxuStis cnobiT, ruis-urbnisis kreba Sedga daviT aRmaSeneblis mier kaxeThereTisSemoerTebamde, radganac am krebas eswreboda samRvdeloeba ara marto mefedaviTis `mamulidan~, aramed `sxva - kerZonica~. mefis `mamulis~ qveS igulisxmeba`afxazTa da qarTvelTa~ samefoebi, `sxva - kerZonis~ qveS ki, cxadia, kaxeThereTisa,Tbilisis da qvemo qarTlis samRvdeloeba. krebis damTavrebis Semdegmefem SemoierTa `hereT-kaxeTi~, amitomac, misi azriT, ruis-urbnisis kreba Sedgaara 1104 anda 1105 wels, kaxeT-hereTis SemoerTebis Semdeg, aramed iqamde, aseTiavaxuStis cnoba.imereTis saeklesio krebis Sesaxeb vaxuSti wers - `JamTa amaT Sina, iqmnaganteveba colTa, klva kacTa da idumal tyvis yidva da usjuloni sjulsa zedamravalni imereTsa Sina. amisaTvis Sekrbnen qarTlisa kaTalikozi malaqia, afxazTakaTalikozi evdemon da yovelni episkopozni imereT-odiSisani. xolo episkopoznieseni iyvnen: quTaTeli svimon, genaTeli antoni, Wyondideli, bedieli, moqveli,drandeli filipe, cagereli kozman, xoneli zaqaria, nikorwmindeli ioakim,Caiseli kvirile. amaT ganaCines moqmedTa maTTaTvis jerovani Serisxuani, dawernesda SeaCuenes moqmedni misni, viTarca gvauwyebs aRwerili maTi~. 9ioane bagrationis `sjuldeba~ warmoadgens saqarTvelos saeklesio samarTlisistoriisaTvis mniSvnelovan Zegls, masSi gvxvdeba mosazrebani saqarTveloseklesiis umaRlesi sammarTvelo organos - `dikasteriis~, eklesiis meTaur`kaTalikosis~, eklesiebSi `saqveyno saqmeTa gancxadebis~, qarTvel mefeTaganTavianT kaTedrebze `episkoposTa dasmis~, samxedro `jaris mRvdelTa~, `samRvdelowesdebisa~ da sxvaTa Sesaxeb.i. bagrationis `sjuldebis~ teqstis gamomcemlis, iv. surgulaZis TvalsazrisiT,es Zegli arasodes yofila `sakanonmdeblo aqti~, imJamindeli samarTlis wyaro,aramed mxolod proeqts warmoadgenda, romelic avtorma miarTva mefe giorgi XIII-s,magram, Cveni TvalsazrisiT, mas garkveuli formiT gavlena mouxdenia saqarTveloseklesiis samarTalze mogvianebiT, kerZod, avtokefaliis aRdgenis Semdeg. CvenvgulisxmobT im garemoebas, rom ioane batoniSvilis mier dikasteriisaTvisdakisrebuli funqcia da misi Semadgenloba gvagonebs 1917-1927 wlebSi saqarTveloseklesiaSi moqmed 1917 wlis krebis mier dadgenil `sakaTalikoso sabWos~.saqme isaa, rom `sjuldebis~ mniSvnelovani nawili daibeWda da gamoqveyndasasuliero organoSi `mwyemsi~, romelsac d. RambaSiZe redaqtorobda, 1894-1896 ww.igi am sasuliero JurnalSi uwyvetad, TiTqmis ori wlis manZilze ibeWdeboda(sul daibeWda 16 nomerSi), rogorc cnobilia, TiTqmis amave epoqaSi daiwyoavtokefaluri moZraoba, qarTveli samRvdeloeba im dros eZebda momavalisakaTalikoso eklesiis mmarTvelobis formebs. Cans, am dros momavali sakaTalikososabWos Semadgenlobisa da funqciis gansazRvrisas maTze zegavlena iqonia i.batoniSvilis sjuldebis qveTavma `samRvdelo wesdeba~, romelSic paragrafiasaTauriT: `dikasteriisa anu sasuliero wesdebisaTvis~. 10 dikasteria asea ganmartebuli- `dikasteria (anu sasuliero samarTali), anu saeklesio saqmeebi. sakurTxi8qarTlis cxovreba, t. IV, 1973, gv. 156; 9 iqve, gv. 824; 10 i. bagrationi, sjuldeba, 1957, gv. 23-27.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli11asevea gansazRvruli episkoposTa xarjebic, kerZod, mTavarepiskoposebs: alaverdels,bodbels, mrovels da nekresels eZlevaT TanamSromlad `TiTo arqimandriti,oTx-oTxi mRvdelmonazoni an mRvdeli, or-ori mTavardiakvani, sam-sami mgalobeli,or-ori moJame mwignobari, orni diakonni, sam-sami msaxuri, erTi mzareuli, erTimepure, ori fareSi anu karis mcveli da damgveli, TiTo mejinibe, samimosamsaxure. maT eZlevaT `jamagiri TeTrad~ da `ulufa eklesiidam~. sxvaepiskoposebsac msgavsadve odnav Semcirebuli TanamSromlebi eZlevaT. amis garda,maT xelSia `kondakiT naSovni~, anu sxvadasxva wesis SesrulebisaTvis miRebuliSemosavali `saimtverio da sawiravi TviT moixmaron~. 16 XX s-Si gardacvlilisWirisuflebisaTvis mezobel-naTesavTa mier mitanil Sesawevar fuls `gadasaxuravi~erqva (imereTSi), rogorc Cans, imave mniSvnelobisaa `wasaxuravi~ sjuldebaSi. mefisgardacvalebis dros `episkoposni wasaxuravs nurRa miarTmeven mefeTa, nucasaimtveriosa aRiReben amisTvis, radgan mefeTa arian dasmulni episkoposad dasamRvdelod ganwesebulni~. 17aq sainteresoa is, rom saepiskoposo kaTedrebze episkoposebi Zvel saqarTveloSi`daismebodnen mefeTa mier~. kaTedra mefis iyo. rogorc sxva sabuTebidan Cans,mitropolitis da sxva msgavs wodebasac mefe iZleoda. rusuli wesdebis mixedviTnakurTx episkoposs kaTedras mefe aZlevda _ (Bp,hfyyjve kbwe j,]zdkztncz Dscjxfbittgjdtktybt j ,snbb tve tgbcrjgjv nfrjv-nj uhflf). 18ganvixiloT `samarTali batoniSvilis daviTisa~ (teqsti gamosca da gamokvlevadaurTo daviT furcelaZem, Tb., 1964). qarTl-kaxeTis bolo mefis, giorgi XII-isbrZanebiT, mis vaJs, daviT batoniSvils moqmedi samarTlis mosawesrigeblad daevalaSeedgina samarTlis wigni, romelic wodebulia viTarca `samarTali batoniSvilisdaviTisa~. esaa XVIII-XIX ss-Ta mijnaze Sedgenili Zegli, Sedgenili imdroindelirusuli samarTlis Zeglebis gaTvaliswinebiT.daviT batoniSvilis samarTali saqarTvelos eklesiisa sasuliero pirebis mimarTmoiTxovs pativiscemas, rasac Sesabamisad asabuTebs kidec. kerZod, 149-e muxlSinaTqvamia - `qveyana Cveni Soris warmarTTa ars mdebare, romlisaTvisca xamsyovelTa samRvdeloTa pativiscema~; 19 batoniSvili daviTi iyo eklesiisa dasarwmunoebis moyvaruli, keTilmorwmune. zrunavda eklesiis gaZlierebisa daayvavebisaTvis, rac aisaxa kidec misi samarTlis muxlebSi. me-100 muxlSi naTqvamia:`eklesia aris gvirgvini mefisa da dideba da wyaro yovlisa bednierebisa, dagaaxlebuli kacisa RvTisa Tana, da mpoebeli bednierebisa viTarca dausrulebelsamas saukunesa, egreTve dasrulebadsaca amas, amisaTvis xams, romel mefeTagan daerTa iyos pativcemul da didebul~. 20eklesia bednierebis wyaroa, rogorc am wuTisofelSi (`dasrulebadsa amassaukunesa~), ise im qveynad. daviTi wuxs, rom saqarTvelos eklesia TiTqmis`dacemisadmi miwevnul ars~ imis gamo, rom `arca mefeTa, arca TavadTa, aznaurTada glexTa aqunda misadmi zrunva~, ufro metic, ersa Tu bers mis mimarT guligagrilebuli aqvs, amitomac arian kidec damdablebul-daglaxakebulni, TviTmeurveebi Zarcvavdnen (`krexden~) eklesiebs da saeklesio qonebas aZlevdnen TavianTnaTesavebsa da aznaurebs. amis mxilvelio, wers batoniSvili daviTi, `aRvityineSuriTa~ (e.i. vinebe), raTa samociqulos wesdebis msgavsad Semedgina saeklesiowesdeba, raTa eklesia daubrundes Tavis Zvel didebas, rogorc hqonda Cveniwinaprebis droso.16`kalmasoba~, II, 1948, gv. 24; 17 iqve, gv. 31; 18 Îáîçðåíèå öåðêîâíî-ãðàæäàíñêèõ óêàçàíèè ïî äóõîâíîìóâåäîìñòâó, ÑÏÁ, 1900, ñ. 84; 19 `samarTali batoniSvilis daviTisa~, 1964, gv. 85; 20 iqve, gv. 162;


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli17sagangebo yriloba iyo. 42 krebis mizani `saeklesio weswyobilebis, samRvdelmsaxurowesebis da mrevlis zne-CveulebaTa da Secodebulebis ganmarTva da mowesrigebayofila~. 42 kreba ruis-urbnisis maxloblad, jerovan adgilas, mravali dRismanZilze grZeldeboda, episkoposTa, mRvdelTa, diakonTa, monazonTa, dayudebulTada meudabnoeTa monawileobiT. mefes mouwvevia `eri mravalni~, `mecnierni~.sarwmunoebrivi sakiTxi krebas ar miuCnevia ganxilvis sagnad, radganac saqarTvelo-Si daculi sarwmunoeba ubiwo iyo `ara Tu ubiwoebasa qarTvelTa sarwmunoebasabiwi raime Sehxeboda~. krebas ioane kaTalikosi Tavmjdomareobda, romlis tituliiyo - `yovlad Rirsi mTavarepiskoposi da yovlisa saqarTveloYsa didimamamTavari~. mamamTavari igivea, rac patriarqi. `Tvali wmidisa amis krebisa~yofila giorgi monazoni da mwignobarTuxucesi. krebis mdivani, ivane javaxiSvilissityviT, yofila arsen monazoni. 43 misive azriT, ruis-urbnisis krebisZegliswera oTxi mTavari nawilisagan Sedgeba (I nawili - Sesavali, II -dadgenileba krebisa, III - daviT aRmaSeneblisadmi miZRvnili saqebeli, misi saTauria`mefe daviTs monazoni arseni~, IV nawili - mravalJamieri cocxali moRvaweebisada micvalebulTaTvis saukuno xseneba. 44 I nawilSi saqarTvelos pirvelgzisi dameoregzisi gaqristianebisa da qarTuli eklesiis dafuZnebis Sesaxebaa saubariefrem mciris mier Seqmnili koncefciis mixedviT. mas mosdevs saeklesiokanonmdeblobisa da samarTlis Zeglebis aRnusxva, bunebiTi da dawerili samarTlisganviTarebis mimoxilva.ruis-urbnisis krebis kanonebi T. Jordanias dauyvia 15 muxlad, iv. javaxiSviliki mas 17 muxlad yofs.II saeklesio kreba, romelsac iv. javaxiSvili ganixilavs, Semdgara 1263 wlisaxlo dros. g. gozaliSvilma aRmoaCina krebis mefisadmi mimarTvis ara dedani,aramed samuSao piri, savaraudod, XIII s-sa. iv. javaxiSvilis azriT, saeklesiomiwebis gacema, romlis winaaRmdegac iyo mimarTuli kreba, laSa-giorgis Zis mefedaviTis sibaze siarulis Semdgom daiwyo, e.i. 1263 wels, am saqmeSi basiliWyondidel-ujarmels miuRia monawileoba. igi gandidebula, mbrZaneblad qceulamefis sibaze siarulisas. 45III kreba saqarTvelos eklesiisa, romelsac ganixilavs iv. javaxiSvili, Semdgara1543-49 wlisaTvis. es Zegli Seuswavlia n. urbnels monografiiT `Cveni saeklesioistoriidan. samarTali kaTalikozisa~. 46 iv. javaxiSvili aRniSnavs, rom `kaTalikozTasamarTlis~ wigni vaxtang VI-is krebulSi 23 paragrafs Seicavs dadaTariReba krebisa daudgenlad miaCnia. vaxuSti batoniSvili krebis mowvevasaTariRebs XVII s-is dasawyisiT, m. brose XVI s-is 70-iani wlebiT, s. kakabaZe 1544-62 wlebiT. k. kekeliZe 1543-49 wlebiT, rasac ufro eTanxmeba iv. javaxiSvili.misi azriT, Tavdapirvelad krebis kanonebi mTavrdeboda 22-e muxliT, Semdeg masdaurTes 23-e muxli, anda teqstis mermindel gadamwers SecdomiT gamotovebulimuxli bolos miuweria. Zeglis kanonebi dalagebulia Sinaarsis mixedviT, misiteqsti pirvandeli saxiT Semonaxuli ar aris. Semdegdroindeli danarTi undaiyos krebis monawileTa xelrTvis Semdeg moTavsebuli muxli, romelic Seexeba`colis ubralod damagdebs~, romelsac aqvs xalxuri zne-Cveulebisa da uflebriviazrovnebis gavlena. 47 `kaTalikozTa samarTlis~ Zeglis Semdgenlebi cdilan ZeglisSinaarsi sistemurad daelagebinaT. saqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqi am krebaSimonawileobda viTarca qarTuli eklesiis uzenaesi saWeTmpyrobeli, magram kreba42iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani Tormet tomad, t. VI, 1982 gv. 54; 43 iqve, gv. 55; 44 iqve, gv. 56; 45 iqve,gv. 60; 46 moambe, 1898, #3, 4; 47 iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani Tormet tomad, tomi VI, 1982, gv. 65.


18 mitropoliti anania jafariZedasavleT saqarTveloSi gaimarTa. Zegli 1913 wels gamosca s. kakabaZem. `kaTalikozTasamarTlis wigni XVI s. dasavleT saqarTvelos uflebrivi da socialurimdgomareobis Sesaswavlad mniSvnelovani Zeglia~. 48IV kreba saqarTvelos eklesiisa, romelsac ganixilavs iv. javaxiSvili,warmoadgens 1767-68 wlebis krebis ganCinebas, romelic 1768 wels daumtkicebiaTerekle mefesa da anton kaTalikozs. es ganCineba yovel episkoposs unda waekiTxaTavisi samwysos saydrebSi, Sedgeba 13 muxlisagan, gamosca T. Jordaniam. krebasaeklesio sakiTxebis garda, zogierTi arajansaRi xalxuri wesis da sisxlissamarTlis danaSaulis aRmosafxvreladaa gamiznuli.qarTul saeklesio samarTls mravalsaukunovani istoria aqvs, Tumca misSeswavlas mxolod XX s-is dasawyisSi Cauyara safuZveli ivane javaxiSvilma. mangamoikvlia, rom qarTul eklesias ZvelTaganve hqonda Tavisi sasamarTlo, Tavisiekonomikuri politika, hyavda sakuTari jari, Tavisi ymebi, amasTanave, rac CvenTvissainteresoa, `moepoveboda saxelmwifo marTva-gamgeobis wesebze mowyobili moxeleoba,da amitom bevris mxriT saxelmwifoebrivi sxeulis Tvisebebi etyoboda... am mxrivqarTuli saeklesio samarTali romis kaTolikeTa eklesiis `Corpus iuris canonici~-sufro miagavs, vidre berZenTa da rusTa saeklesio samarTals. aseve, msgavsad amisa,qarTuli eklesia Tavis wes-wyobilebis bevri TvisebiT ufro romis saSualosaukuneebis eklesias miagavda, vidre erTmorwmune berZenTa da rusTa eklesiebs~. 49ivane javaxiSvili garkveviT wers, rom sarwmunoebrivi aRmsareblobiT qarTulieklesia mudamJams marTlmadidebluri iyo da `erTmorwmune~, anu TanamorwmuneberZnuli da rusuli eklesiebisa, amitomac mis saeklesio samarTals safuZvladedo msoflio eklesiis Sesabamisi samarTali, dadgenilni msoflio krebebisa dasxva samarTlebrivi institutebis mier, magram igi (saqarTvelos eklesia), viTarca`saxelmwifo cxovrebasa da wes-wyobilebaSi gansakuTrebuli upiratesobis mqone~erTeuli ara mxolod saeklesio dawesebuleba iyo, aramed TavisTavadi saxelmwifoebrivisxeulic. amitom, misi samarTali ufro rTuli Sesaswavlia, vidreerTmorwmune rusuli da berZnuli eklesiebisa. ivane javaxiSvilis Tanaxmad,qarTuli eklesiis aRniSnul ufleba-upiratesobaTa Sesaxeb cnobebis miReba mxolodsigel-gujrebidan SeiZleba. am sabuTebSi mravali cnoba exeba saqarTvelos eklesiiskaTalikos-patriarqebis mier centraluri sasamarTlos organizacias. 50 Sesabamisad,rogorc aRiniSna, ivane javaxiSvilis kvlevis Tanaxmad, saqarTvelos eklesiasTavisi marTva-gamgeoba mowyobili hqonda `saxelmwifo marTva-gamgeobis wesebze~. 51qarTuli samarTlis wyaroebis mimoxilvisas, iv. javaxiSvili Tavdapirveladixilavs msoflio krebebis kanonmdeblobas, miaCnia, rom saqarTveloSi moqmedikanonmdebloba iyo msoflio eklesiis krebebis kanonmdeblobani da berZnulisjuliskanoni, `didi sjuliskanoni~ upirvelesad, romelic ukve IX-X ss-SiqarTuladac unda yofiliyo naTargmni, arsen iyalToelma igi xelaxla Targmna. 52ruis-urbnisis krebas arsen iyalToelis naTargmni sjuliskanonisagan srulebiTgansxvavebuli redaqcia hqonia. 53 iv. javaxiSvils gamokvleuli aqvs, rom ruisurbnisiskrebis dadgenilebiT qarTuli eklesiis mier cnobili iyo `didisaklimentosis mier~ dawerili mociqulTa `kanonni saeklesioni~, 7 msoflio kreba(nikeisa, konstantinopolisa, efesoisa, qalkidonisa, 2 konstantinopolisa, samefosapalatisa gumbadsa Sina momxdari e.w. trulisa, 2 nikeisa), 6 adgilobiTi kreba48iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani Tormet tomad, tomi VI, 1982, gv. 67; 49 iqve, gv. 36; 50 iqve, gv. 67;51iqve, gv. 38; 52 iqve, gv. 38-41; 53 iqve, gv. 43.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli19(ankviriisa, Rangrisa, antioqiisa, laodikiisa, frigiisa, karTagenisa), 8 ganTqmulmamaTa mier ganCinebulni da TanaaRricxulni kanonni da kanonianiepistoleebi petre aleqsandrielisa, grigol neokesarielisa, basili didisa,diodoresa, grigol xucisa, xorepiskoposTa, queSeTTa episkoposTa da amfiloqesamimarT, grigol noselisa, timoTe aleqsandrielisa, filoTeos aleqsandrielisaRvTis gamocxadebisaTvis, avginosi, agaTonisa minais episkoposTa mimarT, kvirilealeqsandrielisa da gennadi konstantinopolelisa~. 54 arseni iyalToels `didisjuliskanoni~ xelaxla uTargmnia swored im mizeziT, rom ruis-urbnisis krebassxva redaqcia hqonia xelT. 55 ivane javaxiSvili Semdgom paragrafSi ixilavs eqvTimemTawmindelis naSromebsa da saredaqcio muSaobas am sferoSi. adgilobrivi krebebisganxilvis Semdeg, exeba saqarTvelos eklesiis upiratesobaTa simtkicis wignebs.ixilavs saqarTvelos eklesiis uzenaesi saWeTmpyroblis gansakuTrebul uflebebssakuTari jaris yolisa, laSqar-nadirobaSi gancalkevebuli samxedro erTeulissaxiT monawileobis uflebas da miaCnia, rom es ufleba eklesias miuRia daviTaRmaSeneblisa da Tamaris Semdeg. 56monastris wes-gangebaTa ganxilvis Semdeg, ivane javaxiSvili ganixilavs saerokanonmdeblobis Zeglebs, romlebSic mravali sakiTxi exeba saeklesio samarTals: a)garigeba xelmwifis karisa; b) wesi da gangeba mefeTa kurTxevisa; g) `dasturlamali~.`bagrat kurapalatis samarTlis wignis nawyvetis~ ganxilvis dros mecnierimiiCnevs, rom bagrat kurapalatis samarTlis wignidan aris Setanili aRbuRaskanonebSi zogierTi muxli, magaliTad, `meore mefe episkoposi aris da qristianeTasjulisa damamtkicebeli~, 57 aRniSnavs, rom, rogorc beqas kanonebSi, ise sakuTrivaRbuRas kanonebSi arsad mefe moxseniebuli ar aris, yovelTvis patron aTabagzeasaubari. 57 iv. javaxiSvili aRniSnavs, rom zogierTi muxlis Sinaarsi beqa-aRbuRasdroindel sazogadoebriv viTarebas ar Seesabameba, aq episkoposi da, sazogadod,samRvdeloeba srul batonad aris gamoyvanili, maT winaaRmdeg mefe uZluria,araferi ar SeuZlian... amitom es samive muxli (101, 102, 103-e kanoni) iseT xanasunda ekuTvnodes, roca samRvdeloeba saqarTveloSi, sruli batoni iyo da saeromTavrobaze maRla eWira Tavi, ese igi daviT aRmaSeneblis uwinaresi xanisa undaiyos. swored am dros iyvnen monazonebi batonad da mTavris mowvevis baraTzepasuxad SeeZloT SeeTvalaT, bers SenTan `ara hnebavs mosvlao~... am dros beriarqimandritiiyo imdenad Zlieri, rom Tavisuflad mefes satrfos arTmevda,monasterSi hketavda. aseT xanas daadgendnen: `rac unda Sescodos episkoposma,moZRvarma, mRvdelma, Tu monazonma mefeso, mainc xeli ar axloTo, imitom rom,meore mefe episkoposi aris... arca mefesa sjulisa saqme aqvso~. 58 iv. javaxiSvilidaaskvnis aRbuRas kanonebis 101, 102, 103-e muxlebis mimarT _ `erTi sityviT,TviT am kanonebis Sinaarsi gviCvenebs, rom isini TiTqos ufro IX s-issazogadoebrivi ganwyobilebis gamomxatvelia... kanonTa es muxlebi TiTqos ufrobagrat I kurapalatis droindelad gamodis~. 59ivane javaxiSvili ganixilavs sakanonmdeblo krebis muSaobas, romelmac gamosca`Zeglis dadeba~ giorgi brwyinvalisa: `sakanonmdeblo krebas es Zegli ramdenimemTavar nawilad dauyvia~. 60 da am sakanonmdeblo krebas Zeglis dadebis Sedgenis drossaqarTveloSi arsebuli kanonmdeblobiT unda exelmZRvanela. `sakanonmdeblo krebiswevrT xelT marto qarTuli samarTlis Sesaxebi cnoba ki ar moepoveboda, aramed imis54iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani Tormet tomad, tomi VI, 1982, gv. 45; 55 iqve, gv. 46; 56 iqve, gv. 68;57iqve, gv. 88; 58 iv. javaxiSvili, qarTuli samarTlis istoria, wigni I, Txzulebani 12 tomad, tomi VI,1982, gv. 89; 59 iqve, gv. 90; 60 iqve, gv. 99.


20 mitropoliti anania jafariZegamokvlevac SeeZlo, Tu ama Tu im sakiTxze ucxo qveynis samarTlis wignebSi raewera, amitom safiqrebelia, rom mezobel erTa samarTlis Zeglebis dednad TunaTargmni am drosac saqarTveloSi unda hqonodaT da angariSi gauweviaT~. 61beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wignis ganxilvis dros ivane javaxiSvili miiCnevs, romaRbuRas Tavis samarTlis wigni sakanonmdeblo krebaze Seudgenia. aTabagamirspasalaraRbuRas am krebaze mouwvevia mawyvereli, Tavisi `biZa-Ze SaSia damisi Zma safaris moZRvari pafnote, `xuTisave Temisa samcxisa~ taoelTa, klarjTa,SavSvTa da ueWvelia javaxTa da mesxTa `episkoposni, meudabnoeni~, warCinebulnicda ufrosi moxelenic, sakanonmdeblo kreba `WolevTa~-s Seyrila... saWirod ucvniabeqas kanonebisaTvis daematebina axlad gaCenil danaSaulebaTa dasasjelad gankuTvnilimuxlebi~ kerZod, beqas 65 kanons daerTo 32 muxli.iv. javaxiSvili Sesabamis paragrafSi ganixilavs vaxtang VI-is samarTlis wignTakrebulSi beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis boloSi darTul e.w. `kanonikur samarTals~ damiiCnevs, rom isini SecdomiT aris darTuli. 62 rogorc cnobilia, kanonikurisamarTlis muxlebs boloSi miwerili aqvs wyevlaTa formula damnaSavis mimarT- `krul da wyeul, SeCvenebul iyvn~, amasTanave, zogierTi misi muxli emsgavseba,zogjer ki mTlianad imeorebs beqasa Tu aRbuRas samarTlis muxlebs. amis gamoisini miCneul iqna dauTariRebel kanonebad, romelTa `sadaurobis gamokvleva dadaTariReba Cveni mecnierebis morig sakiTxad unda iqnas miCneuli~. 63 amasTanave,rogorc iv. javaxiSvili aRniSnavs, misi kanonebi `wyevlakrulviTa da nawilobrivsasjelTa simkacriT mxolod kaTalikozTa samarTlis wigns uaxlovdeba~. 63 Cvenamave naSromSi gamovTqviT mosazreba, rom aRbuRam Wulevis monasterSi moiwviasaeklesio kreba - saxelmwifo darbazi, romelsac gansaxilvelad da dasamtkicebladgadasca iqamde mis mierve Sedgenili e.w. `aRbuRas samarTali~, agreTve amavekrebas dasamtkiceblad, Zveli simtkicis gansaaxleblad gadasca misi uSualowinapris, `beqas samarTali~ da uZvelesi `bagrat kurapalatis samarTali~. samive eswigni krebam daamtkica da zed daurTo e.w. `kanonikuri samarTali~ TavisiwyevlaTa formuliT. saeklesio krebas, rogorc sxva krebaTa masalebSic Cans, aseTiufleba hqonda. maSasadame, e.w. `kanonikuri samarTali~ warmoadgens Wulevissaeklesio sakanonmdeblo krebis mier gamocemul kanonebs, romelic Tan daerTokrebis mierve damtkicebul beqas, aRbuRas da bagrat kurapalatis kanonebs. maTida kanonikuri samarTlis erTiani numeraciac miuTiTebs, rom aseTi mosazreba hqondavaxtang VI-is komisiasac, romelmac gamosca vaxtangis samarTlis wignTa krebuli.vaxtang VI-is samarTlis wignTa krebulis ganxilvis dros ivane javaxiSvilimimoixilavs XVIII s-s: `swored gasaocari xana iyo es xana, aseTi dauRalavi,medgari muSaoba, romelsac erTi sazogado mimarTuleba hqonda da farTo daRrma niadagi epyra, uflebas gvaZlevs qarTuli mwerlobis am xanas enciklopediurixana davarqvaT saxelad. TiTqmis yvela amdroindel moRvawes azri dagoneba im fiqrisken iyo mimarTuli, rom qarTveli xalxis SemoqmedebiTi niWismravali saukunis namuSevari da naWirnaxulevi SeekribaT, SeeswavlaT da CamomavlobisaTvis,damTavrebuli, yovelmxrivi warmodgena da cnoba gardaecaT. am diadisaqmis moTaved da sulis Camdgmelad giorgi XI da metadre didebuli, dauviwyarivaxtang VI iyo. man Sekriba Cveni qveynis warsulisa da matianeebis daxelovnebulimcodne pirebi, maTi daxmarebiT saistorio masalebs erTad Tavi mouyara, ZveliSeavso da Seaswora. manve Seagrova qarTuli samarTlis Zveli naSTebi, Zeglebida samarTlis wignebis kodiko Seadgina, manve gamgeobisa da moxeleobis Sesaxebi61iv. javaxiSvili, qarTuli samarTlis istoria, wigni I, Txzulebani 12 tomad, tomi VI, 1982, gv. 102;62iqve, gv. 108; 63 iqve, gv. 111.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli21masalebi Seagrova da erTi qarTuli saxelmwifo samarTlis wigni `dasturlamali~Seadgina~. 64 vaxtang VI-m Sekriba qarTuli Zveli samarTlis wignebi, `kaTalikozisada mefis giorgisa da beqas ganCinebuli samarTlebi~, zed daurTo `dabadebisamoses mier qmnilni samarTalni da kualad berZenTa da somexTa wignTagangardmoTargmnilni~. am Sromis Semdeg man didebulTa samRvdeloebisa damoxeleebis TandaswrebiT `darbazis erTa, WkuaTa myofelTa da moxucebulTakacTa~ TanamSromlobiT axali samarTlis wigni Seadgina, `romelsa zeda mowmobadarTes erTa CvenTa srulobiT saRmrToTa da gina samxedroTa, brZenman damonaxulman yovelmanve erTbamaT~. 65am wignis `berZnulidan naTargmni kanonebis Sesaxeb TavianTi azri akad.brosesagan moyolebuli bevr mecniers aqvs gamoTqmuli... v. sokolskis monografiaSi(Uhtrj-hbvcrjt ghfdj d ekj;tybb uhepbycrjuj wfhz Df[nfyuf VI) 66 gamoTqmuliazriT, vaxtangis kodikoSi Setanili `berZnuli samarTlis wigni~ blastarissintagmis Semoklebas warmoadgens armenopulosa da sxva wyaroebiTgan Sevsebuls. 67iv. javaxiSvili aRniSnavs, `samarTlis istoriisaTvis Zvirfasi cnobebimetadre sigel-gujrebSi aris Senaxuli. swored daufasebeli ganZia es ukanaskneliwyaro imitom, rom igi moqmedi samarTlis viTarebas gvisuraTebs dapiruTvnel sabuTs warmoadgens~. 68iv. javaxiSvilis azriT, eklesias hqonda sagadasaxado Seuvaloba nawilobriv, magramsaqarTvelos eklesias hqonda sasamarTlo Seuvalobis uflebac da misi ymebi mxolodsaeklesio sasamarTlos emorCilebodnen. 69iv. javaxiSvili Tavisi samarTlis istoriis meore wignis meore nakveTismesame Tavs mTlianad uZRvnis eklesias. ganxiluli aqvs eklesiis msaxurTa uflebamovaleobani,ixilavs eklesiis msaxurTagan xelisuflebis miRebis wess, qristianobisada samonastro moZraobis Tavdapirvel idealebs sakuTrebisa da SromisproblemisaTvis, udabnoebsa da monastrebs, monastrebis pirad Semadgenlobasa damis ufleba-movaleobas, exeba giorgi mTawmindelis mcdelobas eklesiaSi demokratiuliwes-wyobilebis dasamyareblad, monastrebSi wes-wyobilebis monarqiuliprincipis respublikuri wesiT Secvlas; 70 monasterSi qonebisa da Sromis problemas,imave problemas eriskacTa Soris. 71rogorc zemoT aRniSnulidan Cans, ivane javaxiSvili sagangebod ganixilavssaqarTvelos sul oTx saeklesio-sakanonmdeblo krebas. korneli kekeliZe kiganixilavs Semdeg krebebs saqarTvelos eklesiisas: ruis-urbnisis krebas (1103 w.),romelmac gamosca `Zegliswera~, da XVI s-is krebas, romelmac `sakaTalikozokanonebi~ gamosca imereTSi. agreTve, exeba 1748 wlis, 1755 wlis 16 dekembris,1756 wlis 4 aprilis krebebs da 1762 wels mowveul krebas.k. kekeliZe sagangebod Seexo saeklesio kanonikas Tavis wignSi `Zveli qarTuliliteraturis istoria~. k. kekeliZis azriT, X s-is bolomde qarTuli saeklesioiuridiulimwerloba, am sityvis namdvili mniSvnelobiT, ar arsebobda, 72 magramsaeklesio kanonikis cnobili mkvlevaris, vl. beneSeviCis azriT, X s-Si qarTulenaze ukve arsebobda didi, anu 14-titlovani sjuliskanoni foti patriarqisa. 73am azrs iziarebs iv. javaxiSvili Tavis `qarTuli samarTlis istoriaSi~. 7464iv. javaxiSvili, qarTuli samarTlis istoria, wigni I, Txzulebani 12 tomad, tomi VI, 1982, gv.112; 65 iqve, gv. 113; 66 D& Cjrjkmcrbq^ (Uhtrj-hbvcrjt ghfdj d ekj;tybb Uhepbycrjuj Wfhz Df[nfyufVI)^ :ehy& Vby& Yfh& Ghjc&^ 1897^ IX^ c& 56-93$ 67 iv. javaxiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 114; 68 iqve, gv.122; 69 iqve, gv. 253; 70 iqve, gv. 68; 71 iqve, gv. 88; 72 k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTuli literaturisistoria, t. I, 1980, gv. 559; 73 Dk&


22 mitropoliti anania jafariZek. kekeliZe gamowvlilviT ixilavs aRniSnul mecnierTa argumentebsa da uaryofsmaT. misi azriT, didi sjuliskanoni qarTulad iTargmna ruis-urbnisis krebisSemdeg, 75 arsen iyalToelis mier, romelic Semdeg SeuvsiaT sxvadasxva statiiT.k. kekeliZis azriT, saerTod, kanonikuri krebulebis TargmnisaTvis pirveladCvenSi xeli moukidia eqvTime aTonels. praqtikulad, yoveldRiuri saWiroebisaTvis,redaqciis cotaodeni cvlilebiT, qarTul sinamdvilesTan SefardebiT.k. kekeliZe ikvlevs, rom bizantiaSi eklesiis yoveldRiur cxovrebaSi saxelmZRvanelodadgendnen sxvadasxva patara krebuls, praqtikuli moTxovnilebebisaTvis,zogierTi aseTi krebuli qarTuladac uTargmniaT.k. kekeliZe ikvlevs, rom saqarTvelos eklesia Tavis marTva-gamgeobaSixelmZRvanelobda agreTve saeklesio, adgilobrivi kanonmdeblobiT, romlis organodda wyarod iTvleboda: a) kerZo pirTa ganmartebani; b) kaTalikos-patriarqTaepistoleni; g) samoqalaqo xasiaTis iuridiuli kodeqsebi; d) qarTul adgilobrivkrebaTa dadgenilebani. kerZo pirTa ganmartebebTan dakavSirebiT, romelicgamoiyeneboda saqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobrivi kanonmdeblobis wyarod, k.kekeliZe wers, rom rodesac wamoiWreboda romelime gadauWreli sakiTxi anproblema, qarTuli eklesia mimarTavda saberZneTis praqtikas, risTvisac sazRvargareTisqarTuli monastris warmomadgenlebs sTxovdnen Sesabamis ganmartebas.magaliTad, giorgi Wyondidels miumarTavs eqvTime aTonelisaTvis, romelsacSesabamisi pasuxi da ganmartebani Seudgenia. 76meore wyaros, k. kekeliZis azriT, saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonmdeblobisawarmoadgenda `kanonikuri epistoleebi~. Cvenamde SemorCenilia mxolod erTi,kaTalikos anton I-sa, romelic gamoucia 1767 wels. es epistole Seicavs 15muxls. k. kekeliZis azriT, `kanonikuri epistoles~ xasiaTi aqvs im `sasjulomcnebas~, romelic XV s-Si miucia antioqiel-ierusalimel patriarqs mixailsioakime bedielisaTvis afxazeTis kaTalikosad dadginebis gamo. 77samoqalaqo xasiaTis iuridiuli dokumentebidan, romelnic warmoadgendnenwyaros saqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobriv kanonmdeblobisa, k. kekeliZe miakuTvnebsgiorgi brwyinvales Zeglisdebas da beqa-aRbuRas samarTals, Tumca mxolodnawilobrivad, radganac isini mainc samoqalaqo kanonmdeblobis kodeqsebs warmoadgensda saeklesio samarTlis istoriisaTvis mniSvnelovania imdenad, ramdenadacmaTSi alag-alag laparakia eklesiisa da mis msaxurTa Sesaxebac. amave wresmiakuTvnebs k. kekeliZe `xelmwifis karis garigebas~. maTSi saeklesio institutisakmaod reliefuradaa warmodgenili, magaliTad, Wyondideli da moZRvarTmoZRvari:`saeklesio da sasuliero saqmeebis gamge, am ZegliT aris Wyondideli, gelaTismonastris garda yvela saydari, eklesia da monasteri, xucesi, monazoni dasaeklesio dasni misi saxeloYsani iyvnen. vezirTa Soris mas pirveli adgiliukavia. aq moxsenebuli arian mcxeTisa da afxazeTis kaTalikosi da episkoposebi:quTaTeli, bedieli, iSxneli, mawyvereli, anCeli da golgoTeli, da ara Tuubralod arian moxsenebulni, maTi ierarqiuli upiratesobac aris aRniSnuli. maTSoris yvelaze meti pativi iSxnelsa da quTaTels aqvs. am muxlSi es ZegliSesamCnevad gansxvavdeba im dokumentebisagan, romelsac ewodeba `wesi da gangebakurTxevisaTvis mefisa Tu viTar dasxden mRvdelmTavarni sruliad saqarTvelosni~an `aRsavalTaTvis samRvdelmoZRvaroTa saydarTa~, romelic `karis garigebis~Semdeg unda iyos Sedgenili. sakmaod vrcladaa `karis garigebaSi~ laparaki75k. kekeliZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 564; 76 iqve, gv. 567; 77 T. Jordania, qronikebi, II, gv. 294-297.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli23`moZRvarTmoZRvris~ Sesaxeb. is yovelTvis pirvelad ixsenieba oTx didxarisxovanberTa an monazonTa Soris, romlebic arian: moZRvarTmoZRvari, Wyondideli dakaTalikosni qarTlisa da afxazeTisa. mas meti pativi aqvs, Tumca is ubraloepiskoposia, vidre kaTalikosebs. pativi misi zogjer Wyondidelis pativsacaWarbebs. mefe darbazSi mas gansakuTrebuli yuradRebiT epyroba~. 78ruis-urbnisis krebis dadgenileba, romelsac ewodeba `Zegliswera wmidisa daRvTivSekrebulisa krebisa~, k. kekeliZis TvalsazrisiT, Seicavs sam nawils: 1.prologs an Sesavals, romelSic gaTvaliswinebulia eklesiis daarseba sazogadodda saqarTveloSic, kerZod, msoflio da adgilobriv krebaTa sakanonmdeblomoqmedeba da maT msgavsad am ruis-urbnisis krebis mowveva; 2. ruis-urbnisiskrebis kanonmdeblobas da 3. sinodikons, romelSic redaqtori eubneba cocxlebs(mefe-dedoflebs, kaTalikos-mRvdelmTavrebs da cnobil sasuliero moRvaweebs)`mravalJamiers~, xolo micvalebulebs - `saukuno xsenebas~.`Zegliswera~ k. kekeliZes TvalsazrisiT, Sedgenilia arsen beris mier. krebas`dausxams~ da daudgenia 15 kanoni: 1. uRirs mRvdelmTavarTa gankveTisaucilebloba; 2. asaki xeldasxmaTa da dro maTi xeldasxmisa; 3. giorgimTawmidelis `kurTxevanis~ sanqcia; 4. e.w. simonia, an xeldasxmisaTvis qrTamismicema; 5. samRvdeloTa WurWelTa da eklesiisadmi SewirulTa siwmideTa, TviniermaTi daniSnulebisa moxmarebis dauSvebloba; 6. gvirgvinis kurTxeva; 7. asakidasaqorwinebelTa; 8. ierarqiul pirTa jerovani momzadeba; 9. monastrebismoZRvrebisaTvis, maTi ricxvi da xarisxi; 10. monastrebSi vaWrobis uadgiloba; 11.sad, rogor da rodis unda sruldebodes micvalebulTa da cocxalTa mosaxsenebeliJamiswirva da locva; 12. marTlmadideblebad momavalni somexni undanaTelRebul iqnen, viTarca warmarTni; 13. marTlmadidebelTa da warmarTTaSeuRleba akrZalulia; 14. kidiskide ara erTgan kurTxeva gvirgvinisa dauSvebelia;15. sodomis codvis Sesaxeb.`Zegliswera~ metad sayuradRebo naSTia qarTuli iuridiuli mwerlobisa, masSiaRibeWda sazogado saeklesio-iuridiuli normebi (uTiTebs n. urbnels 79 ).k. kekeliZe ganixilavs `sakaTalikoso kanonebs~, anu `samarTals kaTalikosisa~da miiCnevs, rom igi aris 1543-49 wlebSi qarTlis kaTalikos malaqias daafxazeTis kaTalikosis evdemon I CxetiZis dros imereTis saeklesio krebis miergamocemuli kanonebi, romelnic damyarebuli yofila `sjuliskanonze~. k.kekeliZis TqmiT, esaa `didi sjuliskanoni~. am Zeglidan Cans, rom saeklesiosamarTlis iurisdiqcias CvenSi am dros eqvemdebareboda sisxlis samarTlisdanaSaulebani zogierT SemTxvevaSi (uTiTebs n. urbnels 80 ).k. kekeliZis TvalsazrisiT, `sigel-gujrebs didi mniSvneloba aqvs eklesiisa dasaxelmwifos urTierTSoris damokidebulebis gaSuqebisaTvis, saeklesio samarTlis,mflobelobisa da baton-patronobis gasaTvaliswineblad. isini xSirad SeicavenmTel kanonmdeblobiT kodeqss eklesiis saqmeTa gamo. magaliTad, biWvinTis gujari.maTi dawvrilebiTi, mecnieruli Seswavla Cven warmogvidgens saeklesio-samoqalaqokanonmdeblobis mTlian suraTs~. 81k. kekeliZe, Tavis cnobil naSromSi `kanonikuri wyobileba Zvel saqarTveloSi~ 82gamoTqvams mniSvnelovan mosazrebebs, romelic Camoyalibebulia daskvnebis saxiT:78k. kekeliZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 564; 79 n. urbneli, saeklesio sjulmdebloba, Zegliswera, `iveria~,1888, #38, 46, 75, 270, 271; 80 iqve, #38, 46, 75, 270, 271; 81 k. kekeliZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 572;82k. kekeliZe, etiudebi Zveli qarTuli literaturis istoriidan, t. IV, 1957 w. gv. 336-357.


24 mitropoliti anania jafariZe1. vaxtang gorgaslamde iberiis eklesia warmoadgenda erT administraciulorganizms, romelsac ganagebda erTi mwyemsmTavari.2. eparqialuri mRvdelmTavris garda, Zvel iberiaSi cnobili iyo agreTveinstituti `mefis saxlis~ episkopozisa, romelsac administraciuli funqciebi arunda hqonoda.3. Tavdapirvelad iberiaSi umaRlesi ierarqiuli postebi ekavaT rogorcqarTvelebs, ise berZnebs, sirielebsa da somxebs; nacionalizacia ierarqiisa mxolodVI s-is gasulisaTvis Cans damTavrebulad.4. vaxtang gorgasalma iveriis eklesia 467 wels dayo 13 eparqiad; aman gamoiwviaeklesiis saWeTmpyroblisaTvis kaTolikozis titulis SemoReba, Tumca am titulsmisi matareblis saeklesiaTaSoriso mdgomareobaSi araviTari cvlileba ar mouxdenia.5. mefobis gauqmebis Semdeg iberiaSi kaTolikozis kandidats iZleva ori saxlian gvari, romelTagan erTi unda iyos elinofiluri partiisa, xolo meoresparsofiluris warmomadgeneli.6. iberiis eklesia Tavdapirvelad mtkice kavSirSi imyofeboda somexTa eklesiasTan.7. 609 wels iberiis eklesiam gawyvita kavSiri somxis eklesiasTan, erT-erTimTavari motivi amisa iyo kirion kaTolikozis mier bizantiaSi SeTvisebulipentarqiuli Teoria.8. somexTagan ganSorebis Semdeg iberiis eklesia, pentarqiuli Teoriis karnaxiT,daeqvemdebara antioqiis sapatriarqos.9. damokidebuleba antioqiis sapatriarqoze, romelmac VII s-danve nominalurixasiaTi miiRo, sabolood Sewyda XI s-is naxevarSi, rodesac saqarTvelo gaerTiandada Zlier saxelmwifod iqca.10. dasavleT saqarTvelos, afxazeTis, sakaTalikozo faqtiurad yalibdeba X s-is IInaxevridan, rodesac moxda likvidacia aq arsebuli lazikis berZnuli mitropoliisada abazgiis avtokefaluri arqiepiskopiisa.11. afxazeTisa da mcxeTis kaTolikozebi iyvnen sworuflebiani gamgeni TavianTisamwysosa, xolo urTierTdamokidebulebaSi mcxeTis kaTolikozs, rogorc sataxtoqalaqsa da `mefeTa-mefis~ ierarqs, miniWebuli hqonda upiratesoba pativisa. 83rogorc qvemoT naSromSi Cans, Cven ar viziarebT k. kekeliZis am daskvnebisumetes nawils.saqarTvelos saeklesio krebebs did adgils uTmobs mRvdeli polievqtoskarbelaSvili Tavis wignSi `ierarqia saqarTvelos eklesiisa, kaTalikosni damRvdel-mTavarni~ (Tbilisi, 1900). polievqtos karbelaSvili saqarTvelos eklesiisistoriis mniSvnelovani mkvlevaria, yovel SemTxvevaSi, maT Soris, romelTacsaqarTvelos eklesiis istoria sagangebod ukvleviaT. samwuxarod, ratomRac misisaxeli miiCqmala. zemoaRniSnuli wigni warmoadgenda k. kekeliZis samagido wigns,mravaljer uTiTebs Tavis `qarTuli literaturis istoriaSi~. am wigns kargadicnobda ivane javaxiSvili da polievqtos karbelaSvilis zogierT daskvnas iRebdamTlianad, yovelgvari kritikis gareSe (magaliTad, p. karbelaSvilis Tvalsazrisi,rom mcxeTasTan dakavSirebiT aTabagebis `ugunurma~ saeklesio politikam saboloodxeli Seuwyo mesxeTis swraf gamahmadianebas). p. karbelaSvilis mierganxiluli krebebis gadmocemamde ganvixiloT misi zogierTi saintereso mosazrebasamarTlis sferoSi.83k. kekeliZe, etiudebi Zveli qarTuli literaturis istoriidan, t. IV, 1957 w., gv. 336-357.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli25p. karbelaSvilis TqmiT, mociqulTa swori wm. bagrati, romelsac eklesia 9Tebervals da 9 ivliss ixseniebs, iyo mTavari kapadokieli da, maSasadame, qarTvelida igi moaqcia petre mociqulma. bagratma iqadaga italiaSi, I saukuneSi. misiveTqmiT, qarTvelebi (kapadokielebi) iyvnen SavizRvispira kaTedrebis pirvelimRvdelmTavrebi: andria mociqulis mowafe filologi (sinopis kaTedra) foti(trapizoneli), meleti, ipati, stratofilosi, epaciani da sxvani. misive azriT,imperatorma traianem kolxeTSi (kerZod, klarjeTSi) gamoaZeva (gadmoasaxla) romisepiskoposi, petre mociqulis mowafe, klimentiosi da, agreTve, pontoeli(kapadokieli) episkoposi palmosi, warmoSobiT qarTveli, romlis Svili, fazisisepiskoposi markioni mwvalebeli iyo. markioni SendobisaTvis misula romis papanikitesTan. 84 p. karbelaSvilis TqmiT, wm. giorgi iyo wm. ninos biZaSvili.saqarTvelos pirveli episkoposi ioane warmoSobiT iyo qarTveli (kapadokieli), igiCveni eklesiis ierarqi yofila 318 wlidan. maSasadame, Cveni eklesia daarsda, anueri moiqca 318 wels. mtkvris piras dResac mdgari Zveli oTxkuTa SenobaimJamindel `mTavarTa sanaTlavs~ warmoadgenda. matianeebSi moxmobili `zemosaydari~ - axlandeli dedaTa monasteria samTavroisa. mcxeTis `samirones~ (kvarTzeaRmarTul nagebobas) p. karbelaSvilis dros hqonia vercxlis kari mefe mirianis,viTarca wmidanis gamoqandakebiT. karbelaSvilis TqmiT, ioane mTavarepiskoposobda318-327 wlebSi. mis dros mirian mefem imogzaura ierusalimSi, iq mirianma aaSenajvris monasteri, romelic X s-is damlevs ganaaxla berma proxorem, igi XIX s-mde qarTvelebs ekuTvnodaT. meore mTavarepiskoposis, iakobis (328-360) drosqarTul enaze gadmoiTargmna wmida werili ebraulidan. iobi iyo episkoposad360-374 wlebSi, meoTxe mTavarepiskoposis elias (375-394) dros mirdat mefemaaSena bolnisis taZari, romelSic wirva-locva gauqmda rusebis mmarTvelobisdros, 1809 wels. simeonis dros (395-411) Seipyres da baRdadSi awames sparselebmamirdat mefe. ionas (412-415) dros daiSala mirianis mier aSenebuli xis taZarisveticxovlisa. TviTon wmida sveti gadausvenebiaT gareubnis (samTavros) eklesiaSi.karbelaSvilis azriT, glonoqori, igive mobidani anu mobidagea (432-448) -mTavarepiskoposi, meTauri qarTuli eklesiisa. momdevnom, miqaelma (449-472) qvebiTCaqola q. dvinSi krebaze antioqiis patriarqi, somexTa moZRvari petrozmkawvreli. aqedan Cans, rom petroz mkawvreli (petre fuloni) ar SeiZlebodayofiliyo xeldamsxmeli petre kaTalikosisa, rogorc fiqrobs zogierTi Tanamedroveistorikosi. p. karbelaSvilis TqmiT, ierusalimSi iloca vaxtang gorgasalma.rac Seexeba msoflio saeklesio krebebs, p. karbelaSvilis azriT, maTi mowvevissaWiroeba warmoSva iman, rom IV s-is dasawyisSi, saxelmwifos mier qristianobisaRiarebis dros, jer kidev ar iyo romis imperiaSi `SemuSavebuli da gamorkveulisaRmrTo msaxurebaTa aRsrulebis rigi, ar iyo dakanonebuli saqristiano doRmatnida kanonmdebloba eklesiaTa gamgeblobisaTvis. eklesiis gamgeni xSirad Taviseburadasrulebdnen eklesiur samsaxursa. Taviseburad esmodaT da xsnidnen saqristianodoRmatTa. amis gamo mcire aziaSi male iCina Tavi sxvadasxva mwvaleblobam. amitomsaWiro Seiqmna msoflio krebaTa mowveva `ganmarTvad saqristiano da saeklesiowesTa~. 85 `sul 7 msoflio kreba moxda: 1) nikiisa 325 w; 2) konstantinopolisa381 w; 3) efesoSi 431 w; 4) xalkidonisa 451 w; 5) konstantinopolisa II 553 w;6) konstantinopolisa III 680 w. da 7) nikiisa II, 787 w. 86 aRsaniSnavia, rom p.karbelaSvili V s-is qarTvel petre ibers, maiumels wmidanad moixseniebs. mohyavs84Gkfnjy Bjctkbfyb$ :bpytjgbcfybt cdzns[&&& 1850^ c& 7-8$ 85 p. karbelaSvili, ierarqia saqarTveloseklesiisa, Tb., 1900, gv. 24; 86 iqve, gv. 25.


26 mitropoliti anania jafariZesabuTi, romliTac, misi azriT, mtkicdeba, rom mefe mirianis dros qarTul enaze`iswavleboda da imoZRvreboda qarTveli eri da mTavarepiskoposni da mRvdelnikapadukielni iyvnen qarTuli enis kargi mcodneni~. 87 amitom petre qarTvelis mierierusalimSi daarsebuli qarTuli monastrebi `savseni ber-monazvnebiT~ qarTul enazeaRasrulebdnen RvTismsaxurebas. isini modiodnen `samSobloSi da Tan mohqondaTqristianobis da erovnuli grZnobis ganmamtkicebeli swavla-moZRvreba da saeklesiowignni da arigebdnen eklesiebSi, sadac saWiro iyo~. 88saqarTveloSi saeklesio samarTlis Sesaxeb p. karbelaSvili gamoTqvams Semdegmosazrebas: `kaTalikozs mieca taxtad sveticxovlis taZari, iwodeboda kaTalikozadmcxeTisa da iveriisa TiTqmis 1400 wlis ganmavlobaSi... kaTalikozpatriarqimcxeTidan Tavisuflad ganagebda saqarTvelos saeklesio saqmeebsa daangariSs aravis aZlevda. kaTalikozis xelqveiTTa-morCilTa Seqmnes samefo samefo-Si, rogorc Cans, Zvel sigel-gujrebidan da vaxtang VI_is samarTlis wignidan,im saxiTve, rogorc feodalebma dasavleT evropaSi. kaTalikozi iTvleboda suliermefed qveynisa. mefe da kaTalikozi erTnairi pativiTa da uflebiT sargeblobdnen.Seuracxyofa kaTalikozisa udrida mefis Seuracxyofas. misi Semdegi ierarqiissasulierno wevrni gaTanasworebulni iyvnen saero ierarqiis wevrebTan~. 89p. karbelaSvilis TvalsazrisiT, qveynis maRali fenis sagvareuloebi cdilobdnenTavianT ojaxs da sagvareulos gamoezarda Tavisi wiaRidan erTi sasulieropiri mainc: `kaTalikozni, mRvdelmTavarni da sxvani sasuliero warCinebulnipirni STamomavlobiT ufro xSirad samefo da didebulTa gvarisani iyvnen daigini pataraobidanve Sesaferis aRzrdasa da ganaTlebas iRebdnen xolme. yoveliSeZlebuli sagvareulo cdaSi iyo, rom Tavisi saxlidan erTi mwirvel-mlocvelida RvTis mavedrebeli hyoloda saydarSi. amitom, TiToeuli sagvareulo sakuTarsaydars iSenebda da swiravda SeZlebasa da gvarad uZrav-moZrav qonebasa, romlisSemosavliTac uzrunvel-yofiliyvnen saydari da `saydris Svilni~ (samRvdeloni)momavalSi~. amis gamo `eklesia samRvdeloebianad Seiqmna didi mamul-dedulis damTabaris patroni~. 1498-1559 ww-is saeklesio gujrebSi eklesias ekuTvnoda 237sofeli glexebiT da aznaurebiT. kaTalikosis dawesebuli mouravebi krebdnensaeklesio gadasaxads (maxta, kuluxi) - fuliT da mosavliT. p. karbelaSvilimiiCnevs, rom samefo gadasaxads isini aRar ixdidnen. 90 `samefo gadasaxadissamagierod~, kaTalikozs ekuTvnoda samefoSi arsebuli zogierTi sabaJo, samRebroda saTevzao adgilebi mtkvarze, alazanze, xramsa da sxva mdinareebze.gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa p. karbelaSvilis mosazreba, rom saeklesio soflebSirogorc sisxlis, ise samoqalaqo samarTlis sferos ganagebda ara saeroxelisufleba, aramed saeklesio. sasuliero wodebis samarTlis gavlenis sferoSiSedioda ara mxolod saeklesio soflebi, aramed qveynis danarCeni mosaxleobac -`saeklesio soflebSi samarTali da msjavri, samoqalaqo da sasisxlo saqmeebiirCeodnen kaTalikozisagan, anu misis davalebiT romelime sasuliero pirisagan.danarCeni samefo da warCinebulTa saymonic ver icilebdnen Tavidan sasulierowodebis samarTalsa da gavlenasa~. 91saqarTvelos eklesiis kanonmdeblobis Sesaxeb p. karbelaSvili wers - `samRvdeloebamSehqmna sakuTari kanonmdebloba, SemuSavebuli mRvdel-mTavarTa krebaTamier erovnul niadagzed~. 9187p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 27; 88 iqve, gv. 28; 89 iqve, gv. 29; 90 iqve, gv. 30; 91 iqve, gv. 31.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli27p. karbelaSvili, iseve rogorc Semdeg iv. javaxiSvili, saqarTvelos eklesiisiurisdiqciis saxes adarebs dasavleT evropisas, igi wers - `gaZlierda dagavrcelda saero xasiaTi sasuliero wodebisa, amis ganmarteba unda veZeboT xalxisgadaWarbebul sarwmunoebriv midrekilebaSi, rogorc erTxel dasavleT evropaSi iyo~. 91e.i. p. karbelaSvilis azriT, saqarTvelos sasuliero wodebas hqonda agreTve saero,saqveyno mmarTvelobaze xelmwifeba, aseve iyo dasavleT evropaSi, ufro metad pirvelaTaswleulSi. am msgavsebis mizezad mkvlevars miaCnia qarTvelTa didi sarwmunoebrivisimxurvale, msgavsad aRniSnul dros dasavleT evropisa. igi aRniSnavs, rom `saeklesioglexni Tavisufalni iyvnen yoveli saero gadasaxadisagan~. 91 sisxlis Tu samoqalaqodanaSaulis dros maRali wodebis pirs danaSauli epatieboda `jarimis gadaxdisSemdeg sasargeblod eklesiisa~, 92 ber-monazonTa Sesaxeb wers - `igini muqTaT arasWamdnen sxvis ofliT moyvanil pursa. dRedaRam swerdnen, sTargmnidnen saWirowignebsa, mxatvrobiT amkobdnen wignebsa, eklesiebsa, amSvenebdnen taZrebsa... ebrZodnenmters samSoblos da sarwmunoebis dasacavad~. 93saeklesio jaris Sesaxeb p. karbelaSvili wers - `kaTalikozsa hyavda sakuTarimxedroba imave wesrigiT rogorc mefesa. spasalarebs, aTasis Tavs, asis Tavs dasxva moxeleT TviT kaTalikozi niSnavda. omSi an TviT kaTalikozi da episkoposniwinamZRvrobdnen, an spasalarni, rogorc dro da garemoeba moiTxovda. calkejarebs agrovebdnen, roca saWiro iyo episkoposni da monasterTa winamZRvarni dabrZolis velze gahyavdaT da maTTan erTad Rvridnen sisxlsa~. 94mkvlevaris azriT, kaTalikozi petre I (472-510 w.) warmoSobiT iyokapadokieli qarTveli, grigol nazianzelis mowafe, iyo qalkedonizmis erTgulidamcveli, ebrZoda monofizit somxebs. daeswro 490-493 wlebis vaRarSapadiskrebas. mohyavs `qarTlis moqcevis~ cnoba, rom VI s-is 50-ian wlebSi sakaTalikosotaxtze ori `saxlis~, anu sagvareulos wevrebi cvlidnen erTmaneTs. p.karbelaSvili erT-erT SeniSvnaSi aRniSnavs, rom XVII s-is damdegs arsebobdaqarTuli mxedruli asoebiT dawerili sparsulenovani saxareba, romelic saqarTvelossamefo ojaxs ekuTvnoda. 95 amave epoqaSi, XVII-XVIII ss-Si qarTuli asoebiTwerdnen somxurenovan saxarebebs, agreTve iwereboda Turqulenovani saxarebebicqarTuli asoebiT. mizezi amisa, rogorc Cven mier aris gamorkveuli, iyo is, romam epoqaSi saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobis daSlisa da gauqmebis kvaldakval,mimdinareobda qarTvelTa denacionalizacia sxvadasxva sarwmuneobriv konfesiaSigadasvlis gziT, anu Turqebsa da sparselebs miuCneviaT, rom sakmaod mravalricxovaniqarTuli mosaxleoba mesxeTsa da qarTl-kaxeTSi, TandaTanobiT, etapobrivadSeeyvanaT Turqulenovan da sparsulenovan wiaRSi. isini Tavdapirvelad, qarTvelebsar uginebdnen qristianul siwmideebs, magram eklesiebSi wmida saxarebas asmeninebdnenTurqul da sparsul enebze. qarTvelebi amiT eCveodnen sparsul da Turqulenebs. aRar aSinebdaT es samyaro, eTvisebodnen mas, rac sabolood maT asimilaciasaadvilebda. amave mizniT, sparsTa da osmalTa mier waxalisebuli somxurenovanieklesia Tavis samwysoSi ierTebda mravalricxovan qarTvelobas saqarTveloSive.qarTvelebisaTvis eklesiebSi somxurad ikiTxeboda qarTuli asoebiT naweri wmidasaxareba. qarTuli asoebiT sparsuli, Turquli da somxuri saxarebani iwerebodaimis gamo, rom rogorc mrevli, ise samRvdeloeba, qarTvelebi iyvnen. cxadia,eklesiebSi sparseli da osmalo moxeleebi ar waikiTxavdnen saxarebas. saxarebasrogorc Turqul, ise sparsul da somxur enebzec, eTnikurad qarTveliRvTismsaxurebi kiTxulobdnen, da radganac maT wera-kiTxva icodnen mxolod92p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 32; 93 iqve, gv. 27; 94 iqve, gv. 33; 95 iqve, gv. 37.


28 mitropoliti anania jafariZeqarTulad, amitom maTTvis qarTuli asoebiT iwereboda sparsulenovani, Turqulenovanida somxurenovani locvebi da saxarebani, anu rogorc mrevli, isesasuliero wodeba, qarTuli iyo, ganwirulni sarwmunoebrivi gziTac kiasimilaciisaTvis. mxolod qarTuli marTlmadidebeli eklesia icavda im drosqarTul nacionalur TviTSemecnebas, maSasadame, qarTvelobas.zogierT wreSi, amJamad, gakvirvebiT aRniSnaven, rom anton I kaTalikozpatriarqistaxtze asvlis dros iyo mxolod 25 wlisa. es asaki gamonaklisi araris. p. karbelaSvilis mier dadgenilia, rom amave asakisa, 25 wlisa iyo cnobilikirion I (572-598) sakaTalikozo taxtze asvlis dros. 96 aseve 26 wlisa iyobolo patriarqi anton II aRsaydrebis dros, 97 ufro axalgazrda 24 wlisa iyokaTalikoz-patriarqi daviT III (1427-1430) 98 da sxv.saqarTvelos saeklesio krebebTan dakavSirebiT p. karbelaSvili aRniSnavsSemdegs - misi azriT, dvinis cnobili saeklesio kreba somxeTSi, romelzecSeikribnen qarTveli, albaneli da somexi ierarqebi, Sedga 596 wels. kirionmasomxebs gaugzavna msoflio saeklesio krebaTa dadgenilebani, `amaT Tanaxmadimwyseba saqarTvelos eklesiao~. 96 misi azriT, somxebma mogvianebiT mainc aRiaresqalkedonis kreba, 96 albaT gulisxmobs VII saukunes.qarTlis kaTalikosi barTlome (613-620 ww.), romelic p. karbelaSvilissityviT SesaZloa gadaayena herakle keisarma, RirsebiT miuRia Sio mRvimis `ZmaTakrebas~. aq sityva `krebas~ ara Sekrebis, aramed `saZmos~ mniSvnelobiT xmarobsmkvlevari. namdvili `episkoposTa kreba~ Sekrebila, mkvlevaris TqmiT, kaTalikossarmeanes (760-774 ww.) dros, romelsac iakobituri moZRvreba daugmia daiakobitTa mier kaTalikosisaTvis mirTmeuli ZRveni uaruyvia. `am dros mRvdelmTavarTakrebam episkopos filipes xeliT warmouvlina sarmeanes Semdegi werili: `didsamamamTavarsa, meufesa Cvensa sarmeanes, gixaroden, Svilni Senni da siwmidisa Senisamrwemni, yovelni episkoposni gauwyebT, raTa arRa daaSrobde moxucebulsa gvamsaSensa, rameTu mowyale hyves RmerTi didebulisa mamisa wmidisa Siosa meoxebiT...TviToeulsa gvibrZana `miuteva RmerTman sarmeanes kaTalikozsa bralni misni daaw Seuorguleblad miiyvaneT mwyemsi Tqveni~. 99 saqme is iyo, rom kaTalikosmaSecdomiT iakobitebi aziara. roca Tavis Secdomas mixvda, Sio mRvimis monasterSiufals cremlebiT Sendobas sTxovda, e.i. sakaTalikoso taxti datova. amitomackrebam zegardmo Cvenebis gamo igi ukanve miiwvia taxtze.p. karbelaSvili eyrdnoba matianeTa Cvenebas da miiCnevs, rom VII s-Sistefanozis mTavrobis dros dawesda episkoposTa kreba kaTalikozis moTaveobiT,jvarpatiosanSi xuTSabaTsa da paraskevs: `adidian paraskevi viTarca didi paraskevi,xolo sakaTalikozo arn kreba yovelTa xuTSabaTTa da adidian wmidaY sioni,viTarca didsa xuTSabaTsa, saidumloTa Tana xorciTa da sisxliTa, xolo mcxeTassaepiskopozosa (samTavro) arn krebaY yovelTa SabaTTa da xseneba pirvel mowamisastefanesi da wmidisa abibos nekreselisa episkopozisa~. 100 Semdegi kreba, romelsacixseniebs p. karbelaSvili, aris ruis-urbnisisa, romelic Semdgara ioane IVsafarelis (1090-1127) dros. Tamaris dros ki, nikoloz I-is kaTalikosobis Semdeg,miqael III-is kaTalikosobisas (1160-1187 ww.) mowveul iqna saeklesio kreba. p.karbelaSvilis azriT, 1186 wels. igi mowveuli yofila `ganmarTvad saeklesio daqristianebrivTa wesTa~. am krebaze Tavmjdomareobda zemoT aRniSnuli yofilikaTalikosi nikolozi, romelic Tamars ierusalimidan mouyvania. `Semokrbes96p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 38; 97 iqve, gv. 188; 98 iqve, gv. 91; 99 saqarTvelos samoTxe, gv.262-264; 100 qarTlis cxovreba, gv. 169-170.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli29yovliT kerZo samefosa misisa episkoposni... miegebeboda maT wmida Tamar didiTasimdabliTa, viTarca erTi kaci Seuracxi, da ara viTarca mefe, viTar angelozTada ara kacTa... dasxna saydrebiTa (maRali dasajdomeli - kaTedra), xolo TviTdajda Soris maTsa martod da ara mefobiT... jda ukve Tamar mcired Jam SorismaTsa, mere moiRo kurTxeva maTgan da warvida palatad Tvisad... xolo ara inebamaSindelman man miqael kaTalikozman Soris maTsa (krebisa) yofa, rameTu winaukmo iyo wesTagan saeklesioTa da Wyondidel-mawyverloba da mwignobarTauxucesobaca mas (miqaels) moexveWa uflisagan - aramed ver ganayenes, daRacaTufriad iRvawes~... krebis Semdeg miqaeli male gardaicvala. 101Semdegi kreba, p. karbelaSvilis aRweriT, Semdgara laSa-giorgis dros, kaTalikosiarseni (1213-1234) `krebiT amxilebda laSa-giorgis ugvansa cxovrebasa da garyvnilebaSidros gatarebasa, vera gziT ver daiTanxmes laSa kanonikurad eqorwina~. 102p. karbelaSvili axsenebs saeklesio krebas, romelic Semdgara giorgi V-ismefobisas, basilis kaTalikozobis dros, 1344 wels. `hqmna mefe giorgi V krebagansamtkiceblad qristianobisa `ganaxlebisaTvis saeklesio wesTa, ganmarTvad dadadgenad moweseTa wesTa zeda TvisTa da uwesoTa gankveTad~. 103p. karbelaSvils moaqvs mTlianad teqsti im krebisa, romelic, iv. javaxiSviliskvleviT, Semdgara daviT laSas Zis mefobisas da romlis dadgenilebis Savi piriSemdgom, 1925 wels gozaliSvils centrarqivSi aRmouCenia. masze adre es teqstigamoaqveyna p. karbelaSvilma, magram mas miaCnda, rom misi gamomcemeli kreba SedgaXV s-Si. kreba exeba saeklesio mamulebis gacemas mefis xelisuflebis mier.XV s-Sive, abraam II-is kaTalikozobisas, mefed meored kurTxevisas (1492-1495wlebSi) mefe konstantinem `moaxdina kreba kaTalikoz-ebiskoposTa da samefodidebulTa da warCinebulTagan `raY yofad damSvidebisaTvis mTavarTa daganmtkicebisaTvis erTmTavrobisa~. krebam daadgina: `vinaidgan imerni erTgulobenbagrats, her-kaxni giorgis da samcxelni aTabags baadurs - vacadoT brZolad.dro-Jami uked ganagebs mefobaso~. 104Semdegi kreba melqisedek II (imave basilis) kaTalikosobis dros (1517-1529wlebi) Semdgara, igi yofila Zma bagrat mefe muxranbatonisa. am mefis iZulebiTkaTalikoss saeklesio mamulebi gaucia, kerZod ki miucia ufliswulebisaTvis, anuTavisi ZmisSvilebisaTvis, ris gamoc igi kaTalikosobidan gadauyenebiaT. amis gamop. karbelaSvili wers - `samRvdeloTa krebam kaTalikosi basili (melqisedeki)sxvaTa Soris mcxeTis mamulebis gacemis gulisTvis gansdevna armazis monasterSida kaTalikosobidan daamxo: `q. kaTalikozma patronma basili ZmiswulTaTvisdaiWira kunenelTa sami kuamli kaci da sxva srulad patrons bagrats misca damisaqcieli, Tekena da werovnis naxevari. kopinasSvilebi daasaxla da daukargamcxeTas. asre rome ... ragvarac TviTan moekida mcxeTas dasaqcevrad, aRarca sxvaTagamoenaxva. miyves xeli Sinaurma da gareulma mcxeTis mamulsa sasyidrad, da asredaikarga, rome rac sofeli aris zogan naxevari, zogan mesamedi aklia - daikargamcxeTisTvis... mcxeTis damqcevni arian. rogorc es yuela mcxeTis daqceva daSecodeba gamoaCnda, mefeman saekudro waarTva da gaagdo da amisave brZanebiTa Cvenmartaci wavarTviT da issav memkvidresa miuboZeT~. kaTalikosoba CamoerTva 1527-1529 wlebs Sua da mis magier kaTalikozad dadginda germane~. 105 aqedan Cans, rommefea meTauri eklesiisa.101p. karbelaSvili, ierarqia saqarTvelos eklesiisa, Tb., 1900, gv. 72; 102 iqve, gv. 74. 103 vaxuSti,ist. 279, q.c. 449 da qronikebi Jordaniasi, gv. 176 da 186; 104 p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv.98; 105 iqve, gv. 104.


30 mitropoliti anania jafariZe1531-1549 wlebSi qarTlis kaTalikosis malaqias dros Sedga saeklesio kreba,romelic malaqiasTan erTad moiwvia afxazeTis kaTalikosma evdemosma. maTSeadgines da saxelmZRvanelod gamosces sakaTalikozo kanonebi.kaTalikoz domenti qaixosros Ze muxranbatons 1663 wels dausaflavebiaastarabadidan Camosvenebuli gvami Teimuraz I-isa `didis samRvdelo krebiT~. 106 aq`kreba~ niSnavs krebuls, iseve rogorc nikoloz kaTalikosis sigelSi, XVII s-isbolos. `ese nikolozi Tavis krebiT swers 1676 wlis 6 Tebervals moskovis mefesTeodore aleqsis Zes gramotas - Semweoba gagviwie winaSe sparseTis yeenisao~. 107p. karbelaSvilis wignidan Cans, rom sparseTis mier dapyrobil aRmosavleTsaqarTveloSi, romelic ukve sparseTis imperiis nawilad miiCneoda iranelTa mierXVI s-is bolodan, qarTlis kaTalikosis dadgenaSi saWiro gamxdara nebarTvairanis Sahisa. `1687 wels Sah-solimani swers firmanSi ioane kaTalikozs `radganTqveni wina moadgile (nikolozi) ar daemorCila nazarali xans, igi ganvkveTeTda Tqven ioane dagadgineTo~. 108 am kaTalikoz ioanes, mefe erekle I-is TanxmobiT,mouwvevia mRvdelmTavarTa kreba 1680 wlis 12 marts, romelic Seexeboda daviTgarejas samonastro cxovrebis aRdgenas Sah-abasis mier aoxrebis Semdeg. rac man1615 wels aRdgomas diliT daviT garejaSi 6 000 ber-monazoni gaJlita, garejasudabno mere veRar aRorZinebula, Tumca Semdegi mefeebi cdilan gansakuTrebiT`Sanaozis Ze, mefed dadginebuli arCili~. krebam ganawesa erTi winamZRvari `mama~,romelsac unda damorCileboda daviT-garejas yvela beri. yovelgvari Semosaval-Sesawiri berebs am mamisTvis unda CaebarebinaT. krebam sastiki sasjeli daado amkrebis damrRvevs. 1680 wlis krebas xeli moawera: bodbelma, rusTvelma,alaverdelma, samebelma, ninowmidelma, tfilelma mTavarepiskoposma domentim damTavarepiskoposma qristeforem. 1091703 wels Semdgarma `samRvdeloTa krebam~ sakaTalikozo taxtze aiyvanaruseTidan axlad mosuli domenti, romelic kaTalikozad akurTxes 1705 wels.krebas uari uTqvams kaTalikozobis ori kandidatisTvis. yofili kaTalikosisevdemos II-sa da aseve yofili kaTalikozis nikolozisTvis. 110kaxeTSi saeklesio mamulebs dauwyes dataceba da ciloba. amis gamo, 1707 wels,`domenti wavida yeenTan saCivlelad da misi wyalobis firmaniT kaxeTSi Cavidaimam yuli xanTan. gaariga saqme da mivida mcxeTaSi~. 111 iranis Sahebis didigavlenis Sesaxeb p. karbelaSvili wers: `iese aRiZra SuriT da vaxtangi daabezRayeenTan - `TaTrobis mteriao, miwaze daaxeTqa yurani da mere cecxlSi dawvao~.yeenma gamomZiebeli gamogzavna. svimon batoniSvilic ieses miemxro, vaxtangs arRalatobda mxolod samRvdeloeba... domentim da TiTo-orola samRvdeloTuneblieT umowmes vaxtangis winaaRmdeg~. 112 1713 wels iese gamefda, `svimonmaSeipyro domenti kaTalikozi da baqars gaugzavna Tvalebis dasaTxrelad `sparseTSimyofs vaxtangs rad emxrobio~, magram dedofalma rusudanma (vaxtang VI-ismeuRle) ar uyo. domentim krebisaTana daswyevla svimoni, gaCnda saSineliWirianoba da svimons col-Svili erTianad amouwyda~. 113kaTalikosis sikvdilis win `Tamarma moaxdina samRvdeloTa kreba da domentisCvenebiT aRirCies kaTalikozad ieses Ze antoni, im dros quTaTeli, antonma uari sTqva~. 114106p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 126; 107 iqve, gv. 127; 108 iqve, gv. 129, wyarod miuTiTebs -Vw[tncr& frns^ gv. 238; 109 iqve, gv. 130; 110 iqve, gv. 123; 111 iqve. gv. 133; 112 iqve, gv. 134; 113 iqve,gv. 135; 114 iqve, gv. 138.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli31qarTuli eklesiis saqmeebSi yeenis garda ereoda, agreTve, osmalos faSa,Tbilisis dapyrobis Semdeg. 1727 wels ieses daxmarebiT besarion orbeliansmiumxria isay-faSa, `Seapara qrTami da miiRo kaTalikozoba, 1728 w.~. 1151755 wlis 16 dekembers samRvdeloTa krebam mcxeTaSi antons `axada kaTalikozobisxarisxi da mRvdelmoqmedeba aukrZala, xolo misi Tanamoazreni da megobarnidasajes, am krebazed antonma aRiara Tavisi Secodeba, xolo Semdeg krebazed, 4aprils 1756 w. Seinana Tvisi danaSauli da gamoutyda krebas yvelaferSi.gamosTxova Teimuraz mefes nebarTva mRvdel-moqmedebisa da ruseTSi wasvlisa~. 1161720 wlis 17 oqtombers dabadebuli antoni 18 wlis asakSi berad aRikvecagelaTSi, 2 Tebervals. 3 Tebervals, SabaTs, diakvnad akurTxa eqvTime gaenaTelmamitropolitma. 20 wlisas xeli daasxa mitropolitad afxazeTis kaTalikosmagrigolma quTaisis taZarSi - 27 seqtembers, SabaT dRes. 22 wlisa naTlismcemlismonasterSi Sevida mowesed, 1743 wlis 5 ianvars kaTedris datovebis Semdeg. 117qarTlis yofil samefoSi, vaxtang VI-is da antonis mamis ieses kraxis Semdeg, giviamilaxvari uZlieres didebulad gadaiqca. masTan antonis damoyvrebis cnobilimarcxis Semdeg antonis berad Sedgoma 1720 w. p. karbelaSvils miaCnia kaxeTissamefo dinastebis, Teimuraz I-isa da erekle II-is politikur moxerxebad. maT gzagaexsnaT qarTlis taxtisaken, romelzedac pretenzias acxadebda Teimurazis meuRlededofali Tamari, vaxtang VI-is qali. givi amilaxvari `sikvdilamde ebrZodasparsebs da qarTlis samefos ar anebebda Teimurazsa da erekles, jer vaxtangisSvilebs iwvevda qarTlSi gasamefeblad da mere abdula-begi, igive arCiliwamoayena qarTlis memkvidred~. 118 abdula-begi antonis Zma iyo. sakaTalikozotaxtze Teimurazis mier antonis mowveva politikuri angariSianobiT iyoganpirobebuli. qarTlis taxtis memkvidris antonis sakaTalikoso taxtze asvliTsamefo taxtze misi pretenziebi unda ganeitralebuliyo, magram anton kaTalikosma`saqarTvelos Sinaur cxovrebaSi gacilebiT meti gavlena moipova, vidreerekle mefem~. 119 qonebrivadac antoni ufro mdidari iyo, vidre mefe Teimurazi,amis gamo antoni mefes `Semweobas aZlevda saeklesio qonebidan gaWirvebis dros~.p. karbelaSvili, Sesabamis wyaroebze dayrdnobiT mkveTrad acxadebs, rom`antoni mainc yovel SemTxveviT sargeblobda qarTlis taxti CamorTmeodaTeimurazs~. 120 1747 wels antonis Zmam abdula-begma ganizraxa qarTlis taxtisdaWera ajanyebiT. TbilisisaTvis aTi Tve sisxlis Rvra iyo, `anton kaTalikozmamxari dauWira abdula-begs (Tavis Zmas) da dauloca amisTana safaTerakoganzraxva. bolos TviTonve Seariga gamarjvebul erekles~, am dros Teimuraz mefesparseTSi iyo... Teimurazis gamarjvebis da ganmtkicebis Semdeg qarTlis taxtze,antoni krebam `daamxo, gandevna da wirvisagan daayena~. antoni daapatimres, igiwerilSi madlobs Teimurazs, `rom ar mokla~. 121marTalia, antoni TbilisSi aRiarebda, rom `Sevcdi am ors sityvaze: sulisawmidis saqmezed da papis ufrosobazed~, magram peterburgSi CasvlisTanave igikategoriulad uaryofda am braldebas, uwodebda ciliswamebas, amtkicebda Tavissrul marTlmadideblobasa da agreTve imas, rom mefe Teimurazma igi sakaTalikosotaxtidan Camoagdo politikuri mizezebis gamo, radganac `qarTlis samefotaxtis kanonieri memkvidre me var, xolo Teimuraz I ara qarTlis, aramed kaxeTismefeao~. ruseTis wmida sinodi mravali Semowmebis Semdeg darwmunda antonis115p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 139; 116 iqve, gv. 153; 117 iqve, gv. 144; 118 iqve, gv. 145; 119 iqve,gv. 146; 120 iqve, gv. 152; 121 iqve, gv. 156.


32 mitropoliti anania jafariZesrul marTlmadideblobaSi da aiyvana ruseTis eklesiisaTvis erT-erT umaRlessamRvdelo kaTedraze - vladimirisa da ieropolis eparqiaSi mTavarepiskoposistituliT. mogvianebiT ruseTis wmida sinodis wevradac ki daniSna. antoniruseTSi darCa 1763 wlamde.antonis nacvlad qarTlis kaTalikosis saydarze asuli iosebis (1755-1763)dros erekle mefem saeklesio kreba moiwvia, mis dadgenilebas aqvs 11 muxli. esaamimarTva episkoposTa da samRvdeloTa mimarT saeklesio saqristiano wesrigismoTxovniT. krebis oqms xels awers, pirvel rigSi, erekle mefe, Semdeg kikaTalikos-patriarqi iosebi. krebis oqmidan Cans, rom kaxeTis samRvdeloebascentraluri samefo da saeklesio xelisufleba sifrTxiliT epyroba, radganac CansgaRvivebulia is Wiri, romelmac aTabagebis dros mesxeTis eklesiis separatistuligandgoma gamoiwvia. oqmSi amitomac naTqvamia: - `erekle mefisagan da yovlisasaqarTvelosa kaTalikoz-patriarqisa iosebisagan esreT siyvaruliT euwyos misssiwmides yovlad samRvdelos arqiepiskopos amba alaverdels zenons, wmidasa dayovlad samRvdelos nekresel episkoposs dosiTeoss da wmidasa da yovladsamRvdelos samebel episkoposs ioanes. 1221755-56 wlebTan dakavSirebiT p. karbelaSvili wers, rom `antoni da misiTanaziarni (magaliTad, anCisxatis dekanozi aleqsi) krebis ganCinebisamebr gakriWes(Tma da wveri)~. 123 antoni werda vladimiridan aleqsi dekanozs, `maT egonaT CvenimRvdlobis Zala TmebSia~. 124 antoni 11 Tve patimari yofila, mxolod 1756 w.aprilSi gamgzavrebula ruseTSi _ moskovSi 1757 wlis ianvarSi, peterburgSi kimartSi Casula. rogorc aRiniSna, igi ruseTis erT-erT umTavres kaTedrazeaiyvanes mRvdelmTavrad, miuxedavad amisa, saqarTveloSi mwvaleblobad CaTvales dadawves antonis Txzuleba `miwyales Targmaneba~. `vinc antonis megobari darCnensaqarTveloSi, ioseb kaTalikozma dausjeli aravin gauSva~. 124 udanaSaulod, anton-Tan megobrobis gamo dasaja, adgilidan gadaayena da mRvdelmoqmedeba aukrZalaanCisxatis saxelovan dekanozs aleqsis, romelsac antoni swerda: `Tavisi sakuTarisaxeliT mosulebma, Cven uflis saxeliT mosulebi gangvdevnes, maT mier daTxeuliSeni sisxli uflis winaSe adioda abelis sisxlis msgavsad... Sen Tavs upativcemulodmoepyrnen avazakebi, romelTa bunebrivi saqme iyo sxvisi qonebis mtacebloba,sxvisi saxlis Tavis saxlTan mierTeba da sxvisi mamulis Tavis mamulTan mierTeba~(`SemrTavi saxlTa saxlisa mimarT da agarakTa agarakisa mimarT~). 124p. karbelaSvilis azriT, anCisxatis saxelovani dekanozi aleqsi mxolodantonisadmi siyvarulis gamo cildawamebuli kaTolikur mwvaleblobaSi, yovelmxrivSeuracxyofili sami dRe atares Tbilisis moednebsa da quCebSi, imave mizeziT kicemiT mokles antonis deida xvaraSani - mefe erekle I-is asuli. igi`cilwamebuli ZaRlTa da mxecTa misagdeblad daisaja~. 125 antoni ruseTSi mTeliTavisi yofnis manZilze, ara mxolod ruseTis uwmidesi sinodis, aramed yovelikacis winaSe mudam ambobda, rom mas udanaSaulod cili daswames da arasodesigi kaTolikur mwvaleblobas mikedlebuli ar yofila. antonis am udanaSaulodasjas saqarTveloSic Sinagani daZabuloba da mRelvareba mohyolia, amitomac igiwerda: - `maT egonaT, rom Cemi sakaTalikoso taxtidan CamogdebiT saqarTveloSimSvidoba damyardeboda, magram ar dacxra RvTis risxvis berva da mRelvarebisqari~. amis gamo erekle II-s mamamisTan, mefe TeimurazTan didi usiamovneba hqondada dReniadag ayvedrida antonis gaZevebas. gaigo Tu ara ereklem ruseTSi myofi122p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 159; 123 iqve, gv. 161, SeniSvna 1; 124 iqve, gv. 161; 124 iqve, gv.161; 125 iqve, gv. 164.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli33mamis, Teimurazis sikvdilis ambavi, maSinve kaci afrina antonTan ruseTSi dasaqarTveloSi moiwvia sakaTalikoso taxtze kvlav asasvlelad. antons samgzavrodruseTis sinodma gamouyo Tanxa.saqarTveloSi antonis CamosvlisTanave, erekle mefem da antonma 1764 wlis2-18 oqtombers moiwvies saeklesio kreba. krebas daeswrnen mefe erekle, antonkaTalikosi, mTavarepiskoposi kirile, episkoposi besarioni, tfileli qristefore,mroveli germane, ninowmideli saba, mangleli nikolozi, rusTveli iosebi (im dromdekaTalikosi). krebam aRiara antonis mowinaaRmdegeTa cilismwamebloba, e.i. saeklesiokrebam kidev erTxel aRiara antonis sruli udanaSauloba, kaTolikur mwvaleblobaSimisi ubraloeba da amitomac sastikad dasaja is sasuliero pirebi, vinc antons cilidaswama~. 126 pirvel rigSi ki is, romelmac SecdomaSi Seiyvana wina saeklesio kreba,mRvdeli zaqaria gabaSvili, mZvinvare mteri kaTalikosisa. mas CamoarTves mRvdlobada ereklem qveynidanac ki gaaZeva. amiT saqarTvelos eklesiis mmarTvelobamsinanuli gamoTqva antonis umizezod dadanaSaulebisa da kaTalikosobidangadayenebis gamo, da ufro metic, sixaruliT daubruna mas pirvelmRvdelmTavristaxti. saqarTvelos eklesias ruseTis sinodis winaSe uCivla gankveTilma zaqariam,ruseTis sinodma upasuxa - `wadi da anton kaTalikoss Sendoba Txove~. 127antonma daaarsa sasuliero gamgeoba, anu `dikasteria~, imgvaradve, rogorcruseTSi iyo. antonis mier amoqmedebuli stamba, romelic ruseTSi misigadasaxlebis dros gauqmda, antonis dabrunebis Semdeg kvlav amoqmedda. aq antonibeWdavda rusulis mixedviT Sesworebul qarTul saeklesio wignebs `antoni didaTxels uwyobda saqarTvelos ruseTTan daaxloebas, 1769 w. pirvelad daibara mironiruseTidan~. 128 1783 w. ivlisSi ruseTTan dadebuli traqtatis ZaliT antoniaRiarebul iqna ruseTis sinodis wevrad. `am windauxedavma saqmem SearyiaTavisufleba saqarTvelos 1400-wlovani eklesiisa da nel-nela daumorCila sinods28 wlis ganmavlobaSi. anton kaTalikosi didi madlieri iyo ruseTisa. misi mxrivdidi Secdoma iyo, rom qarTuli saeklesio wignebi slavianurzed Seaswora, anuTviT Seadgina zogierTi sagalobelni da ugulebel hyo Zveli, qarTvel mamaTaganSedgenili sakiTxav-sagalobelni: slavianur saeklesio wignebis Secdomani SemoitanaqarTulSi enis ucodinrobis gamo. ruseTidan mobrunebuli mudam cdaSi iyosaqarTvelo daeaxlovebina ruseTisaTvis~... 129p. karbelaSvilis mixedviT, ruseTis wmida sinodis mier saqarTvelos eklesiismarTva-gamgeobis xelSi aReba daiwyo anton kaTalikosis dros jer misi ruseTiswm. sinodis wevrad SesvliT, ruseTidan mironis miRebiT, yovelive rusulisaeklesio wesrigis saqarTveloSi gadmonergviT da misken miswrafebiT. antonis am`did Secdomas~, rogorc is uwodebs, uZebnis Tavisebur axsnas. antons rogormeTavidan unda aecilebina zaqaria gabaSvilis, misi frTisa da maT ukan mdgomididi politikuri Zalis ciliswameba antonis aramarTlmadideblobis Sesaxeb.antonma verafriT daarwmuna isini, rom igi erTguli iyo mamapapuri marTlmadideblobisa.sabolood, gare TvalnaTeli magaliTebis daxmarebiT, rogoricaaruseTidan mironis miReba saqarTvelos eklesiis saWiroebisaTvis, ruseTis wmidasinodis wevroba, qarTuli saeklesio wignebis rusulis mixedviT `gasworeba~, Tumcaamis saWiroeba, p. karbelaSvilis sityviT, ar arsebobda, aiZulebda mowinaaRmdegeebsveRar gaebedaT antonis marTlmadideblobaSi eWvis Setana. amis Sedegad saqarTveloseklesiis avtokefaliis gauqmeba, misi gadaqceva rusuli saxelmwifosadministraciul-Cinovnikur erTeulad da qarTveli xalxis eklesiisadmi gulmxur-126iqve, gv. 166; 127 iqve, gv. 178; 128 p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 185; 129 iqve, gv. 187.


34 mitropoliti anania jafariZevalebis ganeleba mohyva, rac z. gabaSvilisa da misi aRmZvreli politikuriZalebis mizeziT moxda. es iyo maTi qmedebis saboloo Sedegi.meliton kelenjeriZe Tavis `saqarTvelos sakaTalikoso eklesiis mokleistoriaSi~ 130 mimoixilavs saeklesio samarTalsac. misi azriT, `saqarTvelos eklesiaTavisi organizaciiT Zalian mogvagonebs dasavleT evropis feodalizms SuasaukuneebSi. am mxriv yvelaze ufro sami movlena ipyrobs yuradRebas: a)memkvidreobiTi principi; b) samoqalaqo samsaxuri da g) eklesiis samxedroorganizacia. 131 misi azriT, saqarTvelos eklesiaSi `farTo demokratizmi iyo daculi~,magram zogierTi Tanamdeboba memkvidreobiT gadadioda mamidan Svilze (mag.,jvarTmtvirTveloba, mouravoba, xSirad `karis dekanozoba~, kandelakoba da sxv).`sasuliero wodebas samoqalaqo da samxedro funqciebic epyra. magaliTad,Tbileli aTanase `naibadaa~ wodebuli, grigol wurwyabeli episkoposi erisTavicaae.i. olqis ufrosi. erisTavia saba mtbevaric... glonoqor mTavarepiskoposierisTavadac iyo `barzabod pitiaxSisagan qarTls da hereTs~. amaSi kidev ufrogvarwmunebs Wyondidelis Tanamdeboba... WyondidelobaSi, rogorc fokusSi, Tavmoyriliasaeklesio, samoqalaqo da samxedro moxeleoba... vaxuStis azriT, `misixelisani iyvnen qvriv-obolni, Sewuxebulni da SeWirvebulni. es iuwyebda amaTTayovelsave mefesa. eseve iyo mwignobarTuxucesi. ese miscemda mefisagan brZanebasaeklesia-monasterTa da laSqarTa mowvevad da maTTa samWirnoTa moxsenebad mefesa~.erT sabuTSi Wyondideli ixsenieba rogorc `patroni~, `proto upertimosi~ da`vazirTa yovelTa upirvelesi~.Wyondideli sasaxlis ministricaa, ganaTlebisac da samxedroc. Wyondidelipirveli kaci iyo mefisa da kaTalikosis Semdeg... Wyondideli sasaxleSi Sinauria,rogorc sasaxlis ministri. es iqidan Cans, rom axal wels igi yvelaze adreulocavda mefes da yoveli krizisis dros mefe pirvelad Wyondidels ekiTxeboda.Wyondidels xmalic ertya da sardlobda~. 132m. kelenjeriZis TvalsazrisiT, `eklesia Zlieri samxedro organizacia iyo dadid monawileobas iRebda samSoblos dacvis saqmeSi... omSi midiodnen kaTalikosic,episkoposic da saeklesio ymebic. saba mtbevari episkoposi omSia laSqriT, malaqiagurieli jiqeTSi gahyva mTavrebs saomrad, maqsime jumaTelma afxazebi daamarcxaerkeTSi, Wyondidels xmali ekida, Tumca `ridebiTa monazonebisaYTa ara ixadaxrmali~. 133 mroveli episkoposi avaliSvili 1624 wlis marabdis brZolaSimonawileobda Tavisi droSiTa da laSqriT. brZolis win episkoposma miugo jars:`dRes brZola aris sarwmunoebisa da qristes mcnebisa da ara mxolod Cem zeda,amisTvis ara vyo, ukeTu uwinares Tqvensa ara davTxio sisxli Cemi maxvilisamRebman~, saspaspeto droSa hqonda bodbelsa da nekreselsac. yvelaze mniSvnelovanisamxedro roli rusTvels eniWeboda, episkoposebSi zogi mTavarsardlobda,zogic mTavarsardlis droSis qveS idga. ase rom, zog episkoposs sxva episkoposebiTavis droSis qveS hyavda, rogorc generals - oficrebi. rusTveli mTavarsardlobda.mas saolqo droSa hqonda, igi qiziyis mouravis toli iyo, iseTive droSahqonda. 133 m. kelenjeriZe ixilavs sul 5 saeklesio krebas (anCis, javaxeTis, ruisurbnisis(1103), XVI s. imereTis, goris (1755-1756). 134qarTuli samarTlis istoriis SeswavliT gansakuTrebiT iyo dainteresebuliniko mari, `saxelmoxveWil akademikoss ganzraxuli hqonda moemzadebina130m. kelenjeriZe, saqarTvelos sakaTalikoso eklesiis mokle istoria, `saRmrTo sjuli~, Tb. 1993,gv. 257-423; 131 iqve, gv. 314; 132 iqve, gv. 317; 133 iqve, gv. 318; 134 iqve, gv. 319.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli35saTanado specialisti saeklesio samarTlis ganxriT~. 135 niko mari monawileobasiRebda im saeklesio `winaswar sakrebulos~ sxdomaSi, 1906 wlis 1-eldekembers, romelsac xelewifeboda qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliis Sesaxebkompetenturi azris gamoTqma.sxdomas eswrebodnen umaRlesi sasuliero pirebi, saeklesio istoriisa dasaeklesio samarTlis specialistebi arqiepiskopos nikandris TavmjdomareobiT. krebaseswreboda imereTis episkoposi leonide, mogilevis episkoposi stefane, sami rusidekanozi, profesorebi _ berdnikovi, briliantovi, a. cagareli, a. xaxanaSvili,i. popovi, sokolovi, ostroumovi, zaozerski, almazovi, butkeviCi, glubokovski,palmovi, Seini. niko marma waikiTxa moxseneba - `qarTuli eklesiis istoriisnarkvevi uZvelesi droidan~, romelic exeboda saeklesio samarTlis sakiTxebs,kerZod, aRniSnavda, rom qarTuli eklesiis ierarqia saukuneebis ganmavlobaSiyalibdeboda. 136 `jer kidev V s-is iakob curtavelis TxzulebaSi ixsenieba `Taviigi episkoposTa - samoel, pirveli kaTalikosi... saqarTvelos eklesiis meTauri,rogorc Cans, ukve VI s-Si ierarqiulad arsebiTad damoukidebeli iyo dakaTalikosis titulsac atarebda, xolo grigol xanZTelis xanaSi, IX s-Si, rogorcCans, patriarqis (mamamTavris) wodebas iferebda~. 137 qarTveli da somexi pirvelierarqebi`erTmaneTis kaTalikosobas saeWvod ar Tvlidnen~. 138 n. mari gamoTqvamdaaraswor Sexedulebas, TiTqosda somxuri qalkedonituri saepiskoposoebi VIII s-ismcxeTis kaTalikoss daeqvemdebara da amis Sedegad aRmoCnda qarTuli eklesiisiurisdiqciaSi, aseTebad mas miaCnda `iSxnis, anCis, valaSqertis, banis, anisa dayarsis eparqiebi~, 138 sinamdvileSi, samxreT saqarTvelos mkvidri qarTuli mosaxleobaSeqmnili politikuri viTarebis gamo, VIII-IX ss-mde imyofeboda somxuri eklesiisiurisdiqciiis qveS (VI s-dan), gaTavisuflebis Semdeg VIII-IX ss-Si daubrundaqarTuli dedaeklesiis wiaRs, xolo somxeTSi mcxovrebma qarTvelebma (magaliTad,anisSi da sxvagan) daaarses qarTuli saepiskoposoebi. 139n. maris azriT, bizantiaSi xatmebrZolobis epoqaSi `erT mxares idgnenumaRlesi saero moxeleebi da episkoposebi, romelnic imis momxreni iyvnen, romimperators Tvalyuri edevnebina eklesiisaTvis da waremarTa kidec misi saqmianoba,xolo meore mxares idgnen berebi... isini im mosazrebiT xelmZRvanelobdnen, romsaero xelisufleba ar unda ereodes sasuliero wodebis saqmeSi. es mimarTulebadamarcxda bizantiaSi~.saqarTveloSi, mesxeTSi ki piriqiT, n. maris azriT, gaimarjva meoremimarTulebam. aq, eklesiis meTaurebi `Zlier Zalad grZnobdnen Tavs da eklesiisdamoukideblobas saero xelisuflebisgan gaSmagebiT icavdnen~ (eyrdnoboda giorgimerCules Txzulebas). g. nadareiSvili amasTan dakavSirebiT wers - `samecnieroliteraturaSi aRniSnulia, rom `saqarTvelos istoriam icis iseTi xana, rocaqveynis ideur-politikur cxovrebaSi gadamwyveti mniSvneloba eniWebaT mesxeTisudabnoebis, anu monasterTa winamZRvrebsa da saqarTvelos amave mxaris episkoposebs,es aris IX saukune~. 140 g. nadareiSvili ganagrZobs - `sasuliero pirTagansakuTrebiT maRali mdgomareoba Cans beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wignisaTvisdarTul e.w. bagrat kurapalatis samarTlis wignidanac, romelsac a. kikviZeIX s-is Zeglad miiCnevs da arcTu usafuZvlod. aq Semonaxuli samarTlebrivinormebis mixedviT episkoposi `meore mefed~ aris miCneuli. Tumca, samarTliani135g. nadareiSvili, niko mari da qarTuli samarTlis istoriis sakiTxebi, 1989, gv. 13; 136 iqve, gv.14; 137 iqve, gv. 14. Wthrjdyst dtljvjcnb^ +3^ 1907^ c& 123^ 126$ 138 g. nadareiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv.15; 139 a. jafriZe, saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, 1996, t. 2, 1998; 140 a. kikviZe,vis ekuTvnis bagrat kurapalatis samarTlis saxeliT cnobili samarTali? ix. masalebi saqarTveloseTnografiisTvis, t. XVI-XVII, Tb., 1972, gv. 234.


36 mitropoliti anania jafariZesababiT mefe episkoposs `xelTa~ ver Seipyrobs, `amisTvis rome meore mefeebiskopozi aris da qristianeTa sjulisa damamtkicebeli~ ($102). maSindel mesxeTSisasuliero pirebi, gansakuTrebiT, berebi, did Zalas warmoadgendnen. araiSviaTadisini Tavis damoukideblobas saero xelisuflebis winaSe warmatebiT usvamdnenxazs. giorgi merCules moTxrobili aqvs, Tu rogor SeZlo klarjeTis udabnoTaarqimandritma grigol xanZTelma guaram mamfalis survilis winaaRmdeg arseniskaTalikosad datoveba. beri saba iSxneli bagrat kurapalatis mier weriliTdabarebuli urCobas iCens da ar cxaddeba mis winaSe... da mxolod mas Semdeg,rac saba iSxneli grigol xanZTelis baraTTan erTad xelmwifis meore ustarsRebulobs, cxaddeba mis winaSe. sasuliero pirebi, araiSviaTad, saeklesioxelisuflebis saxelmwifo xelisuflebis winaSe upiratesobasac ki usvamdnen xazs.isini TiTqos Teoriuladac asabuTebdnen samRvdeloebis upiratesobas saeromTavrobasTan SedarebiT, magram saganTa logikis ZaliT iZulebulni iyvnen saeroxelisuflebasTan konfliqtebs moridebodnen~. 141n. maris azriT, bizantiis kanonmdebeli imperatoris, basili I-is (867-886)mowiwebiTi damokidebuleba saerTod qarTuli eklesiisadmi da, kerZod, wmidailarion qarTvelisadmi imiT yofila gamowveuli, rom basili I diofiziti somexiiyo, am xanebSi ki somexi marTlmadideblebi mcxeTis taxtis xelqveiTni iyvnen, 141sinamdvileSi ki basili imperatori qarTul eklesiasa da ilarion qarTvels pativsmiagebda maTi siwmidisa da qristes mcnebebis erTgulebis gamo, rogorc esmarTlmadidebel imperatorebs ekadrebodaT. man kargad icoda saqarTvelosmonastrebis wesisa da kanonis damdeb wmida ilarion qarTvelis sulieri Zliereba,madlmosileba. Tumca, isicaa SesaZlebeli, rom eTnikuri warmoSobiT imperatoribasili I qarTveli iyo da mas romelime wyaro grigol bakurianis Zis msgavsad`somexs~ uwodebda. miT umetes, rom imperatori basili I Tavis Svilebs qarTulenas aswavlida ilarion qarTvelis `cxovrebis~ Tanaxmad. 142 ilarion qarTvelismowafe qarTvel berebs imperatorma basilim `mohgvara orni Zeni Tvisni leon daaleqsandre da hrqua: `aswaveT amaT enaY da wigni Tqueni!~ 142 rogorc cnobilia,basilis Svili leon brZeni Semdgom foti patriarqma aRzarda.n. maris mixedviT, `patriarqis wodeba qarTveli kaTalikosis titulaturaSimaSin Cndeba, rodesac misi iurisdiqcia gafarTovda da gavrcelda dasavleTsaqarTvelosa da didi somxeTis marTlmadideblur eparqiebze. somxuri marTlmadideblurieparqiebi uSualod mcxeTis patriarqs emorCilebodnen. amave dros maTigansakuTrebuli interesebis damcvelad mcxeTis kaTalikosTan sapatio adgilze zisspecialuri sasuliero moxele mitropolitis wodebiT, romelic didi somxeTissulieri moTavea~. 143 rac Seexeba dasavleT saqarTvelos, n. maris azriT, mTelisaqarTvelos gaerTianebis Semdeg mcxeTis kaTalikoss afxazeTis kaTalikosTanSedarebiT garkveuli upiratesoba eniWeboda. amasTan dakavSirebiT, n. mari miuTiTebda,rom is, rogorc es 1020 wlis cnobili dokumentidan Cans, `mama kaTalikosad~iwodeboda. sazeimo dReebSi mcxeTis kaTalikosis Semdeg meore sapatio adgiliWyondidels, xolo mesame didi somxeTis mitropolits ganekuTvneboda~. 143n. maris mixedviT, is, rom qarTul eklesias hyavda Tavisi kaTalikosi,maCvenebelia eklesiis avtokefalobisa. 144 e.i. IX s-Si qarTuli eklesia avtokefaluriiyo. ufro adre ki (gulisxmobs VII-VIII ss) bizantiuri saeklesiosamarTlis normebis Sesabamisad, kidev erTxel miiRo Tavisi damoukideblobisdadastureba antioqiisagan. 145141g. nadareiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 17; 142 Zveli qarTuli literaturis qrestomaTia, 1946, gv. 175;143g. nadareiSvili dasax. naSr., gv. 17; 144 iqve, gv. 18; 145 iqve, gv. 19.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli37n. maris mixedviT, qarTul eklesias IX s-mde ar hqonda mironis kurTxevisufleba. rogorc grigol xanZTelis cxovrebidan Cans, es ufleba man moipova 842-859 wlebSi, roca man Sewyvita ierusalimidan mironis Semotana (iqve, gv. 20),sinamdvileSi ki, rogorc es garkveulia Cven mier, qarTlis sakaTalikosoSi mironiIV-V ss-danve ikurTxeboda. mogvianebiT daarsebul lazikis samitropolitos bazazeaRmocenebul afxazeTis sakaTalikosoSi, konstantinopolSi xatmebrZoluri eresisgavrcelebis gamo, mironis Semotana daiwyes ierusalimidan (konstantinopolisnacvlad), IX s-dan ki efrem didi mawyverelis mecadineobiT saeklesio normebisgaTvaliswinebiT, ierusalimis sapatriarqos TanxmobiT, dawesda, rom afxazeTis (daara `aRmosavleTis~) kaTalikosebs mironi ierusalimis nacvlad adgilzeve, qarTlSiunda mieRoT, radganac `afxazeTic qarTlia~, saeklesio erTianobis gamo afxazeTisTvissaWiro mironis kurTxeva `qarTls ganewesa~ IX s-dan. 146karTagenis krebis me-6 muxlidan Cans, rom V s-is 20-ian wlebamde mironiskurTxevis neba ara mxolod episkoposebs, mRvdlebsac ki hqondaT, rac akrZalakrebam: `sacxebeli (mironi) mRvdlis mier ar unda damzaddes~, 147 magram mironiskurTxevis ufleba dautova episkoposebs.qarTuli samarTlis istoriisaTvis sainteresoa n. maris mosazreba, rom `ZvelsaqarTveloSi saero da sasuliero Zalauflebis erToba warmoadgenda udavofaqts~. 148 Wyondideli mwignobarTuxucesis Tanamdeboba (saxelo) n. mars miaCnda`saqarTveloSi odesRac arsebuli sasuliero da saero Zalauflebis erT xelSiTavmoyris tradiciis gviandel gadmonaSTad. amasTan dakavSirebiT, man yuradRebamiaqcia xevisberobis instituts moxeveebSi da a.S.~ 148 am sakiTxis gasaSuqebladdauweria specialuri gamokvleva `xelmwifis karis garigebis Sesaxeb~, romelicjerjerobiT gamoqveynebuli ar aris. 148gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa n. maris dakvirveba somxuri `vardapetis~ institutismimarT, romelic mogvagonebs XII s-mde qarTul eklesiaSi arsebul`moZRvrobis~ instituts. 149n. maris azriT, somxuri eklesiis wyaroebis mixedviT, vardapeti niSnavda arabers, anda ubralod arqimandrits, aramed moZRvars (maswavlebels). `Zvel somxureklesiaSi vardapetis, rogorc moZRvar-maswavleblis roli da avtoriteti metadmniSvnelovani iyo rTuli sasuliero sakiTxebis gadawyvetaSi, rogorc Cans, masufro meti wona hqonda, vidre episkoposs an Tundac kaTalikoss... vardapetebs aramxolod maswavlebloba-moZRvrobis ufleba hqondaT, aramed mosamarTlisac. maTxelSi iyo msajulobac~. 150am mxriv, aRsaniSnavia, rom qarTvel `moZRvarsac~ ruis-urbnisis krebamde, Cans,iseTive uflebebi gaaCnda, rac somxur vardapets. moZRvari eklesiis maswavlebeliiyo da, Cans, mosamarTlec. amas unda migvaniSnebdes is, rom qarTveli mefisdarbazis karze myofi `moZRvarT-moZRvari~, umaRlesi msajulisa da mosamarTlisuflebiT iyo aRWurvili. moZRvari, romelsac msajulis funqciebi ekisreboda, Cans,qarTulad `merCuled~, rjulis mcodned da amave dros mosamarTled (msajulad)iwodeboda. unda vifiqroT, rom VII-IX ss-Si, saqarTvelos daSlilobisas qveynisgaerTianebamde eklesiis xelSi Zalauflebis Tavmoyrisa da zogjer saero dasasuliero Zalauflebis erT xelSi Tavmoyris dros (romlis tradiciul146a. jafariZe, saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. 2, 1998, gv. 97-107; 147 karT. me-6kan., saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 239; 148 g. nadareiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 92; 149iqve, gv. 23-24; 150 iqve, gv. 23.


38 mitropoliti anania jafariZegadmonaSTad n. mars miaCnda Wyondidel-mwignobarTuxucesis Tanamdeboba), moZRvar-Ta instituts iseTive didi mniSvneloba hqonda saqarTveloSi, rogorc vardapetssomxeTSi. magram imis Semdeg, rac saqarTvelo gaerTianda da TviTmpyrobelobisakenmoswrafe mefis xelisuflebam Tavis gverdiT ver igua saero xelisuflebisaganukiduresad damoukidebeli da amave dros Zlieri Zalis mqone eklesia,saxelmwifos saWirod miuCnevia moZRvrobis institutis Sekveca. amas undamigvaniSnebdes ruis-urbnisis krebis me-12 kanoni, `moZRvrad wodebulTa maTmonazonTa~ Sesaxeb: `pirvelad amas ganvsazRvrebT raTa umRvdelosa ara xelewifebodesganmkiTxvelobad sulTa, araTu episkoposi iyos, anu mRvdeli, anu diakoni,rameTu pirvelad Sekvrisa da ganxsnisa xelmwifebasa uxms qonebad da egreTRagankiTxvisa sulTaYsa xel-yofad~. 151maSasadame, codnas, mecnierul ganaTlebas, romlis gamoc beri iRebda `moZRvris~wodebas, amis Semdeg ukve mniSvneloba aRar eniWeboda, aramed moZRvris wodebaSeiZleboda miniWeboda naklebmcodnes, magram nakurTx, anu xeldasxmul sasulieropirs. amas axsnas kreba me-12 kanoniT imiT uZebnis, rom `Sekvrisa da ganxsnisxelmwifeba~ marTlac aqvs mociqulTagan memkvidreobiT xeldasxmul `episkoposs,mRvdelsa da diakons~. rogorc aRiniSna, niko maris Tanaxmad, vardapetisumTavresi Tviseba esaa mecnieruli codna, am codnis gamo mopovebuli uflebamsajulobisa, maswavleblobisa. ruis-urbnisis krebis Semdeg ki, rogorc aRiniSna,naklebi mcodnec xeldasxmis meoxebiT SeiZleboda `moZRvari~ gamxdariyo, anu`sulTa ganmkiTxveli~. unda iTqvas, rom somxur eklesiaSi vardapetobis institutiwarmoadgenda sasuliero wodebis mecnierTa gansakuTrebul korporacias. 152 vardapetebiiyvnen saeklesio moZRvrebaTa da gadmocemaTa erT-erTi kompetenturidamcvelni, amxsnel-ganmmarteblebi da ganmaviTarebelnic. n. mari Tvlida, romZveli somxeTis vardapetebi TavianTi maRali uflebamosilebis simaRleze Rirseuladidgnen. Zveli somxuri saeklesio wyobilebis Tanaxmad, maT sapatio adgilihqondaT gankuTvnili sazogadoebriv urTierTobaTa sistemaSi da maT SorissamarTalSemoqmedebis sferoSiac. swavluli vardapetebis korporaciam somxurisamarTlis istoriaSi didi roli iTamaSa, da radgan n. maris TvalsazrisiTfeodaluri somxeTi qarTuli saxelmwifos SemadgenlobaSi Sedioda eklesiurad daistoriuli tao-klarjeTic somxeTis yofil nawilad miaCnda, amitom aminstituts qarTul eklesiazec gavlena unda moexdina. sinamdvileSi, marTalia, VIs-is Semdeg qarTvelTa qveyana tao da nawilobriv misi mimdebare qarTulimxareebi somxuri eklesiis gavlenis sferoSi imyofeboda, arabTa Semosevebis SemdegbizantielTa gavleniT am qarTulma kuTxeebma Tavi daaRwies somxur saeklesiobatonobas da VIII-X ss-Si daubrundnen qarTul dedaeklesias. rac Seexeba merCulemoZRvar-maswavleblobisinstituts, mas didi avtoriteti unda moepovebina arabTamier qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobis dasustebis gamo saeklesio gavlenis gaZlierebisdros. vardapetis xelSeuvali avtoriteti Taobidan Taobas, maswavleblidanmoswavles gadaecemoda somxuri masalebis mixedviT. 152 aseve unda yofiliyosaqarTveloSic, magaliTad, 985 wels sinas mTaze gadawerili iakobis Jamis wirvisanderZebSi ioane zosime ixsenebs Tavis moZRvrebs, viTarca ucilobel avtoritetebs,romelTagan miiRo codna, `viTa me vicode moZRvarTagano~, wers igi.am SemTxvevaSi maT (anu moZRvarTa) xelSia wmida werilis teqstebze zrunva, racTavianT movaleobad miaCniaT. mxiTar goSis samarTlis wignis mixedviT, vardapetobiskandidats evaleboda `Zveli da axali aRTqmis wignebisa da kanonikuri151didi sjuliskanoni, 1975, gv. 552; 152 g. nadareiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 25.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli39dadgenilebebis safuZvliani codna. Tanac gamocdis dros gamosacdels dawvrilebiTunda moeTxro gamomcdelisaTvis `sad da visTan Seiswavla man saRvTo werilisTiToeuli wigni~. 153 ioane zosimec aseve axsenebs Tavis mecnier moZRvars, kerZod,zemoaRniSnul wignTan dakavSirebiT gvauwyebs: `am wignis dedani Tavidan bolomdenakluli iyo da imas ar udgeboda, rac me maswavleblebisagan mqonda naswavli,an Cemi Jamis wirvis wignebSi ewera, amitomac ar momwonda, mexveweboda: racmagaSi sweria, marto is damiwereo, mec marto is davwere, rac dedanSi ewerao~...mas, vinc ioane zosimes am davalebas aZlevda, z. WumburiZis azriT, `kargadhqonda Segnebuli Zveli wignebis mecnieruli Rirebuleba da sagangebod uvlidamaT, esenia moZRvrebi, romelnic `mecnieruli interesebiT swavlobdnen Zvelxelnawerebs, uvlidnen da icavdnen mas~. 154amave movaleobas wignebis mimarT, n. maris azriT, asrulebdnen vardapetebic.isini iyvnen saRvTo werilis tradiciuli teqstebis damcvelni da maTzemzrunvelni, zogjer daxelovnebuli kaligrafebi, Zveli da axali aRTqmiswignebis pirveli mTargmnelebi. patriarq sahakis 36-e kanonSi naTqvamia, rom`wmida da ubiwo sarwmunoebis saWeTmpyrobelni arian mociqulebi, winaswarmetyvelebida vardapetebi~. partavis saeklesio krebis me-6 kanonSi aRniSnuli iyo, romsomxeTis miwaze RvTisSemecnebis madlis Semnaxvelebi arian vardapetebi da undavizrunoT maTi rigebis zrdisaTviso. somxeTis saeklesio krebis muSaobaze didgavlenas axdendnen vardapetebi. anisis saeklesio krebaze didi roli iTamaSavardapetma mxiTar goSma. vardapetebs ara mxolod maswavlebloba-moZRvrobisufleba hqondaT, aramed mosamarTleobisac. maT xelSi iyo marTlmsajulebac. amgaremoebam gamoxatuleba pova vardanis igavTa krebulSi. `mxiTar goSi, _aRniSnavda niko mari, _ avtori saeklesio da saero kanonebis krebulisa,vardapeti iyo. es sakmarisi aRmoCnda imisaTvis, rom mis wigns oficialurisamarTlis wignis mniSvneloba moepovebina. am samarTlis wignis I nawilis 70-emuxlis mixedviT, Tundac patriarqs ar SeeZlo araviTari siaxlis SemoRebasaeklesio krebis gareSe im sakiTxebis Sesaxeb, rac eparqiebs, kaTedrebsa da samwysosSeexeba. mxiTar goSis samarTlis wigni vardapetebis mimarT maT sasuliero dasamoZRvro-samaswavleblo saqmianobis sferoSi araviTar SezRudvas ar iTvaliswinebda,piriqiT, imisTvis, rom vardapetebis sapatio wodebisaTvis Crdili armieyenebinaT, kanoni maT Soris mwvave davasa da kamaTs krZalavda. rogorc Cans,fiqrobdnen, rom vardapetebis ideur Sejaxebas sarwmunoebisa da eklesiisaTvis zianismotana SeeZlo. amitom im monasterSi, sadac erTi vardapeti mainc iyo, amukanasknelis mowvevis gareSe stumrad ar SeiZleboda misuliyo meore vardapeti~. 155mxiTar goSis samarTlis wignis es muxli exmianeba ruis-urbnisis krebis me-12 muxls. magram msgavseba mxolod garegan mxares Seexeba. pirveli (mxiTar goSisa)ar zRudavs monasterSi vardapetebis ricxvs, aramed mxolod momsvlel, ucxovardapets ukrZalavs monasterSi adgilobrivi (Tundac erTaderTi) vardapetebisnebarTvis gareSe misvlas. ruis-urbnisis krebis me-12 muxliT ki aikrZalamonastrebSi moZRvrebis simravle (`mravalsa SfoTsa da ganxeTqilebisa mizezsaSemoiRebs simravle maTi~), dawesda did monasterSi mxolod or-ori, mcireSi kierTaderTi moZRvris arseboba, magram gacilebiT ufro arsebiTia is, rom, rogorcaRiniSna, axla moZRvrad ukve ara mecnieruli codnis mixedviT dadgindeboda,aramed mxolod sasuliero kurTxevis meSveobiT, rac, safiqrebelia, mizezi unda153g. nadareiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 25; 154 z. WumburiZe, qarTuli wignis moamageni, 1981, gv. 5;155mxiTar goSi, samarTlis wigni, naw. I, $3, g. nadareiSvili, gv. 24.


40 mitropoliti anania jafariZegamxdariyo qarTul eklesiaSi mecnieruli codnis donis dacemisa. marTlac, XII s-is Semdgomi saeklesio cxovrebis duRili da samecniero-saRvTismetyvelo-saliteraturokvleva-Zieba (igulisxmeba XIII-XVII ss.) verafriT Seedreba VIII-XI ss-isgasaocar simaRles saeklesio mecnierebis zrda-ganviTarebisa. Tumca, isic undaaRiniSnos, rom XII s-Si jer kidev didi iyo Zala moZRvrobis institutisa, rasacmowmobs daviT aRmaSeneblis anderZi, roca man mTeli Tavisi qoneba monastrebsdautova Tavisi moZRvris xeliT: Cemma Svilma demetrem `yoveli misces moZRvarsaCemsa... raTa romelni monasterni mamulisa Cemisani gamimwarebian, moZRvarman Cemmanukan cemiTa maTiTa alocnes CemTviso~.niko mari zrunavda qarTuli samarTlis istoriis Sesaswavlad, radganac igiar iyo saTanado doneze damuSavebuli. revoluciis Semdeg ki, aTeistebisbatonobis dros, cxadia, qarTuli saeklesio samarTlis istoria ar ganviTarebula,amis gamo kidev ufro dasafasebelia niko maris nafiqri am sferoSi. igi ikvlevdaqarTul saero samarTalsac. n. mari fiqrobda, rom warmarTuli epoqis saqarTvelo-Si mefe Tavis xelSi aerTianebda saero da sasuliero Zalauflebas. igi amavedros qurumTuxucesi iyo. 156 `qarTuli samarTali da sarwmunoeba adreul ZeglebSierTi sityviT gamoixateboda~. mefe pirvandeli iafeturi sazogadoebrivi warmodgeniTRvTis nacvalia, misave qurumi, mRvdeli~. 157 n. maris mixedviT qarTuli ena,misi kultura da eTnosi uZvelesia da mas `saerTo aqvs mTeli kacobriobisaRorZinebasTan~, man ori anbani Seqmna (xucuri da mxedruli) imis gamo, rom misierovnuli sulieri Semoqmedeba ukidures simaRleze iyo atanili. 158 anbanis SeqmnaswarmarTobis epoqaSi debda, amiT exmianeboda Teimuraz batoniSvils, romelsacanton II-is biblioTekaSi upovia wigni `matiane SemecnebaTa~, romlis mixedviTacqarTvelebs farnavazamde hqoniaT anbani, damwerloba, oRond igi xevisberTa, anuqurumTa wreSi yofila farulad mosaxmari - es iyo xucuri anbani, igi ebraulismixedviT yofila Seqmnili. farnavazs misgan ganuviTarebia mxedruli anbani. 159samarTlis terminologiis dadgenis dros n. mari misula daskvnamde, rom sityva`sazepuro~ - sparsuli warmoSobisaa (zenduri `visoputra~, aqedan `sepuh~) daniSnavs `sakuTars~, `sobstvenni~, Semdeg miiRo warCinebulis mniSvneloba. TviTon`samarTlis~ fuZe `marTalSi~ gamoyo fuZe `arT~ `arta~. Zveli induri `arta~,`rta~ niSnavda simarTles, siwmindes. Zvel sparsulSi `arta~ (arTa) erqvaRvTaebasac (magram gvaqvs waRmarTi, ukuRmarTi, aRmarTi, daRmarTi, mimarTva,momarTva da sxva).aleqsandre vaCeiSvilma 1946-48 wlebSi gamoaqveyna Tavisi naSromi `narkvevebiqarTuli samarTlis istoriidan~.al. vaCeiSvilis azriT, ivane javaxiSvilma safuZveli Cauyara qarTulisamarTlis istoriis sakiTxebis mecnierul Seswavlas, mohyavs iv. javaxiSvilisTvalsazrisi, rom qarTuli samarTlis istoriis Seswavlas abrkolebs qarTuliiuridiuli Zeglebis kritikulad gadasinjuli da dadgenili teqstebis gamoucemloba.al. vaCeiSvilis azriT, `Zveli drois saero kanonmdeblobidan Cven xanamdeqarTuli iuridiuli Zeglebi ar Semonaxula~. 160 Semonaxulia mxolod erTiiuridiuli Zeglis nawyveti - `bagrat kurapalatis samarTlis wignidan~, romeliciv. javaxiSvilis azriT, bagrat III-is xanas, XI s-is damdegs ekuTvnis. ucxoeli156g. nadareiSvili, `n. mari da qarTuli samarTlis sakiTxebi~, gv. 29; 157 n. mari, qarTulikulturuli ...., mnaTobi, 1925, #5-6, gv. 303; 158 mnaTobi, #4, 1925, gv. 208; 159 g. SaraZe, Teimurazbagrationi, cxovreba, 1972, gv. 122; 160 al. vaCeiSvili, narkvevebi qarTuli samarTlis istoriidan,t. I, 1946, t. II, 1948. gv. 6.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli41mkvlevaris, karstis SexedulebiT, X-XI ss-Si Sedgenili bagratis kodeqsi xelaxlagadamuSavebuli da Sevsebuli kanonikuri samarTlis elementebiT da saepiskopososaeklesiosamarTlis zegavleniT moTavsebulia aRbuRas kodeqsSi. 161 am kodeqsisdaniSnulebaa Seqmnil iqnes Sereuli iurisdiqciis dargi, romelic ganawilebuliasaero xelisuflebasa da eklesias Soris, rac gasagebs xdis kanonikuri samarTlisim Zlier elements, romelsac vnaxulobT am kanonmdeblobaSi. 162saero xelisuflebis sasjelis garda, kanoni damnaSaves aseve emuqreba saeklesioxasiaTis sasjeliT (igulisxmeba beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis e.w. `kanonikuri samarTali~),es ukanaskneli ki metad sastiki iyo. 163 iv. javaxiSvili ambobs: `SeCvenebulsveravin miekareboda, aravis ar unda eSvela misTvis, Tund rom gaWirvebuliyofiliyo, imitom rom vinc ki mas miiRebda, isic wyeul-SeCvenebuli gaxdeboda~.al. vaCeiSvilis SexedulebiT, bizantiis sakanonmdeblo Zeglebi saqarTvelossaeklesio cxovrebaSi moqmed samarTlad iyo miCneuli. qarTuli eklesiisiuridiul normebs Zlieri gavlena hqondaT saero samarTalze. zogierTi saerosamarTlis institutis wyaro saeklesio kanonmdeblobaSi unda veZioT. ZvelsaqarTveloSi, gansakuTrebiT X-XI ss-Si metad farTo iyo saeklesio sasamarTloebisiurisdiqcia. maT eqvemdebareboda iseTi saqmeebi, romlebic Semdgom saukuneebSisaero sasamarTloebis xelSi gadavida. 164 iv. javaxiSvilis sityviT, `qarTulisaeklesio samarTlis moqmedebis asparezi wmida saeklesio cxovrebis mowesrigebiTar ganisazRvreboda, aramed gacilebiT ufro farTo daniSnuleba da sarbielihqonda. 165 saeklesio samarTlis Zeglebis gziT aris Semosuli qarTul sasamarTloSisxvadasxva iuridiuli cneba. am mxriv saqarTvelo gamonakliss ar warmoadgens,radgan imave movlenas adgili aqvs dasavleT evropis xalxTa iuridiulcxovrebaSi da agreTve rusuli samarTlis istoriaSic~. 166al. vaCeiSvilis dakvirvebiT, evropeli mkvlevaris, karstis SexedulebiTsaqarTveloSi ori umaRlesi xelisuflebis - saeklesio da saeros arsebobamgamoiwvia umaRlesi iurisdiqciis or dargad dayofa: sasulierod, romelicekuTvnoda kaTalikoss da saerod, romelic mefis xelT iyo. ori iurisdiqciisarsebobas karsti did rols miawers. am faqts, misi sityviT, Tanamedroveiuristebma ar miaqcies saTanado yuradReba. am dayofas karsti gansakuTrebulmniSvnelobas aniWebs, radganac sisxlis samarTlis dargi saerTod, principialurad,kaTalikosis saeklesio kompetenciaSi Sedioda, samoqalaqo iurisdiqciis dargissaojaxo da saqorwino samarTalic - eklesiis xelSi iyo. 167 amiT xsnis karsti imgaremoebas, rom samefo kanoni sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebis ganxilvisas meryeobasiCens da Cveulebriv maT akuTvnebs kaTalikozis kompetencias, amave faqtSi eZebsigi imis axsnas, rom kaTalikosTa kanonebi arsebiTad sisxlis samarTlis dargsekuTvnian da sikvdiliT dasjas da gaZevebas aweseben. politikuri mosazrebis gamokaTalikozi `nebayoflobiT uTmobs~ sisxlis samarTlis iurisdiqciis nawils mefes,gansakuTrebiT ganaCenTa aRsrulebis sferoSi da im dargs, rac sxeulissasjelebTan aris dakavSirebuli (dasaxiCreba, asoTmiReba, Tvalebis daTxra)~.maSasadame, karstis mtkicebiT, sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebi eqvemdebareboda kaTalikozs,xolo samoqalaqo samarTlisa, zogierTi gamonaklisiT - mefes. al. vaCeiSvilisazriT, aseTi daskvna faqtebs, saqmis namdvil viTarebas ar Seesabameba. misi azriT,161Karst, Code d`Aghbougha, Tome II, 1938, p. 5, 6; 162 al. vaCeiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 7; 163 s.kakabaZe, sjulmdebeli bagrat kurapalati, 1912; 164 al. vaCeiSvili, narkvevebi qarTuli samarTlisistoriidan, I, 1946, gv. 7; 165 qarTuli samarTlis istoria, 1928, gv. 18; 166 al. vaCeiSvili, dasax.naSr., gv. 2; 167 iqve, gv. 131; 168 iqve, gv. 132.


42 mitropoliti anania jafariZeiurisdiqcias sisxlis samarTlis dargSi Sereuli xasiaTi hqonda. 168 orive, rogorcsasuliero, ise saero marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis saqmeSi monawileobda -vaxtangis kanonebis zogierTi im muxlis Tanaxmad, sadac erTad aris moxseniebulimefisa da kaTalikosis iurisdiqcia. 169iv. surgulaZis SexedulebiT arsebobda danaSaulTa specialuri sfero, romelicmxolod eklesiis iurisdiqciis sagans Seadgenda (sarwmunoebrivi, zneobrivi daojaxuri urTierTobis niadagze warmoSobili danaSauli), magram amave dros saerToxasiaTis danaSauls (mkvleloba, qurdoba da sxva) iTvaliswinebs da sjis TavisidadgenilebebiTa da sanqciebiT. amis mizezad mkvlevars miaCnia is faqti, romsaqarTveloSi eklesia mxars uWers xelisuflebas da TanamSromlobs danaSaulisdevnasa da dasjaSi. 170`saeklesio samarTali, rogorc saqarTvelos saxelmwifo cxovrebaSi bizantiisgavlenis Semomtani da gamomsaxveli, sisxlis samarTlis dargSi ueWvelad sajarosawyisebs icavda... romlis Tanaxmad, damnaSave unda daisajos ara dazaralebulipiris, aramed saxelmwifos interesebis dasakmayofileblad... kaTalikozTa samarTal-Si sasjeli swored sajaro safuZvelzea agebuli~. 171al. vaCeiSvilis SexedulebiT, eklesia Zlier politikur da ideologiurgavlenas axdenda mTel imdroindel sazogadoebriv urTierTobebsa da yofacxovrebaze,sazogadoebis msoflmxedveloba, kultura, zne-Cveuleba da samarTalireligiuri suliskveTebiT iyo gamsWvaluli. zogierT qveyanaSi eklesia aRwevdakidec politikur upiratesobas. eklesiis Zlieri politikuri mdgomareobisSesabamisad misi iurisdiqciac farTo iyo. XII s-saTvis eklesiam safrangeTSimoipova vrceli kompetencia, mas eqvemdebareboda sisxlis samarTlis da asevesamoqalaqo saqmeebi, Tumca zogjer paralelurad saero xelisuflebis organoebTan.171 amis mizezad al. vaCeiSvils miaCnia saxelmwifo xelisuflebis daknineba,saxelmwifos ideis dasusteba, meore mizezad Tvlian imas, rom sazogadoebriviazri eklesiis sasamarTloTa mxareze iyo, isini udavod ufro maRla idgnen,vidre saero xasiaTis sasamarTloebi. eklesia Zalian farTod avrcelebda Tavisiurisdiqcias saero pirebze.saqarTveloSi eklesias gaaCnda farTo iurisdiqcia sxvadasxva sakiTxSi. 172 vaxtangVI-is samarTlis wignis 61-e muxlidan Cans, rom kaTalikosis kompetenciagansazRvruli iyo sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebSi. sxva zogierT muxlSi laparakiaeklesiis sasamarTlo kompetenciaze (muxli 24, 62, 64, 65, 66, 78, 79, 81, 82,95, 96, 97, 155, 262). zogierTi muxlis Tanaxmad, saqmis ganxilvis uflebaekuTvnis mxolod kaTalikoss, zogierT muxlSi kanonmdebeli iTvaliswinebskaTalikosis da mefis SeerTebul iurisdiqcias (igulisxmeba vaxtang VI-is kanonebi).beqas kanonebidan gamomdinare, karstis SexedulebiT, mawyvereli araa mxolodsaaTabagos uzenaesi pontifi, igi imave dros saero batonia, romelic inawilebsaTabagTan sakanonmdeblo da umaRles xelisuflebas, mis iurisdiqcias ekuTvnis 1.Ralati; 2. SebrZolebani da Tavdasxmebi feodalebs Soris, sadac mawyverelshqonda Carevis da arbitraJis ufleba, romelsac igi iyenebda vetos dadebis dazavis Camogdebis gziT; 3. mZime danaSaulni, Cadenilni erTi da imave ojaxisan gvaris wevrebs Soris; 4. saojaxo, saqorwino da memkvidreobis anukanonikuri, sasamarTloebi, romlebic mawyverels eqvemdebarebian.169al. vaCeiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 134; 170 iqve, gv. 35; 171 al. vaCeiSvili, narkvevebi qarTulisamarTlis istoriidan, t. II, 1948, gv. 49; 172 iqve, gv. 51.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli43al. vaCeiSvilis SexedulebiT karstis mier gamoTqmuli azri gadaWarbebuliaraa da istoriul sinamdviles Seesabameba. karsti laparakobs mawyverelze, magrames Seexeba saerTod qarTuli eklesiis iurisdiqcias, mis mdgomareobasa da uflebebsmarTlmsajulebis dargSi, am mxriv saaTabagoSi miRebuli saeklesio cxovrebiswesebi da eklesiis privilegiebi qarTuli eklesiis privilegirebuli mdgomareobisgamomxatveli iyo. 173iv. surgulaZe `narkvevebi saqarTvelos saxelmwifosa da samarTlis istoriidan~ganixilavs saeklesio gadasaxdelebs. Zlier gavrcelebuli sayovelTao saeklesiogadasaxadi iyo drama, `am gadasaxdelis Sinaarsi mdgomareobda garkveuliraodenobis xorbleulis gadasaxdelSi. XVII-XVIII ss-Si drama fulidan produqtebisgadasaxdelad gadaiqca~. 174 sxva gadasaxdeli iyo `sakanono~. mas eklesia iRebdadamnaSavisagan. `saeklesio sasamarTlos eqvemdebareboda garkveuli sisxlis samarTlissaqmeebi~, 174 magaliTad, erTi cnobiT, mkvlel damnaSaves gadaaxdevinessakanonod erTi xari, jvardauwerel qmars - ori xari da sxva. uziarebladgardacvalebisas Wirisuflis sakanono iyo erTi xari. mesame gadasaxdeli iyo`niSani~ - esaa gamosaRebi, romelsac eklesiis msaxurni iRebdnen vismes gardacvalebisSemTxvevaSi. 175 mas ixdida mosaxleobis yvela fena episkoposis sasargeblod. amisgarda, sxvadasxva wesis Sesrulebisas monaTvla - gvirgvinis kurTxeva, gardacvalebisas- ixdidnen morwmuneni. 176iv. surgulaZe naSromSi `qarTuli samarTlis istoriis wyaroebi~, exebaxevsureTSi SemorCenil wess, roca mniSvnelovani saqmis garCevis dros ganaCenis,an gadawyvetilebis gamosatanad mimarTavdnen `bWes~, an `rjulis kacs~ - aseTi`rjulis kacebi~ mravalia xevsureTis sxvadasxva sofelSi. `rjulis kaci~ WkuagonebiTsaxelganTqmuli xnieri kacia, cnobilia, viTarca Cvevebis didi mcodne. Tusaqme mniSvnelovani iyo da imave dros aseTi saqmis Sesaxeb garkveuli wesi araxsovdaT, an sakiTxi sadavo iyo, maSin `rjulis kacebs~ iwvevdnen xevsureTisyvela soflidan da isini erTad Sekrebilni arCevdnen saqmes. es wesi, 177 romelicSemorCa xevsureTSi, Zvel saqarTveloSi odesRac arsebuli wesrigis anarekli undaiyos. TviT sityva `rjulis kaci~, igivea, rac Zveli qarTuli `merCule~,`merjule~, rjulis, e.i. kanonis, wesis mcodne. merCuleTa, anu `rjulis kacTa~erTad Sekreba albaT anareklia krebisa, sasamarTlo Sekrebisa, anu Tu gnebavTsaeklesio krebisa, radganac `rjuli~, swored saeklesio sferos ganekuTvneba,Tumca ZvelqarTulad rjuli igivea, rac kanoni, wesi, romlis damcveliyovelTvis eklesia iyo.iv. surgulaZe aRniSnavs, rom `saeklesio Sinaarsis Zeglebs qristianulqveynebSi, da kerZod, saqarTveloSi moqmedi samarTlis mniSvneloba hqondaT. aseTiZeglebi orgvaria: msoflio saeklesio krebebis kanonmdebloba, romlebic gadmo-Targmnili iyo qarTulad da qarTuli, e.i. adgilobrivi saeklesio krebebisdadgenilebani. saeklesio Sinaarsis Zeglebi qarTuli saxelmwifosa da samarTlisistoriis SemswavlelTaTvis mravalmxriv aris sayuradRebo: maTSi moipovebasaintereso masala saxelmwifo samarTlis, sisxlisa da samoqalaqo samarTlisinstitutebis Sesaxeb. am Zeglebis saSualebiT SeiZleba gaTvaliswinebul iqnessaxelmwifosa da eklesiis damokidebulebis sakiTxebi, gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovaniaes Zeglebi saojaxo samarTlis institutebis Sesaswavlad, radganac, rogorccnobilia, eklesia saojaxo sakiTxebis mimarT gansakuTrebul interess iCenda.173al. vaCeiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 55; 174 iv. surgulaZe, qarTuli samarTlis istoriis wyaroebi,1984, gv. 221; 175 iqve, gv. 222; 176 iqve, gv. 220; 177 iqve, gv. 12.


44 mitropoliti anania jafariZeqarTuli samarTlis istoriis Seswavlis TvalsazrisiT, gansakuTrebiT, mniSvnelovaniaadgilobrivi, qarTuli saeklesio krebebis dadgenilebani. saeklesio sasamarTloseqvemdebareboda zogierTi saero Sinaarsis saqme qorwinebis, gayris, colqmarTadamokidebulebisa da sxv. amasTanave, sisxlis samarTlis zogierTi saqme,saero sasamarTlo sasjelis garda, damatebiTi saxiT, saeklesio sasamarTlossasjelsac iwvevda. amasTanave, eklesia garkveul urTierTobaSi imyofeboda samefoxelisuflebasTan: hyavda jari, moxeleebi, hqonda Tavisi droSa da sxv.~. 178iv. surgulaZis azriT - `kanons _ Zvel qarTulSi sjuli ewodeboda.tipikonSi gvxvdeba termini `Sjulis-deba~ e.i. sjuldeba, 179 romliTac aRiniSnebagangeba, wesdeba, TviT tipikoni. samefo xelisuflebis mier Sedgenil kanonebs _sjuldeba erqva. 180`beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wignis e.w. `danarTi muxlebis~ raobisa da mniSvnelobisgarkvevis sakiTxi... sakuTriv beqa-aRbuRas samarTali Sedgeba 98 muxlisagan(aqedan beqas ekuTvnis 65, aRbuRas - 33 muxli), am samarTals vaxtangiseulnusxaSi axlavs 72 e.w. `danarTi muxli~, romelTagan 62 muxli (99-160),ukanaskneli gamokvlevebiT, miCneulia bagrat kurapalatis samarTlad, xolo 10muxli (161-170) _ kanonikuri samarTlis fragmentad. qarTul istoriografiaSi,amJamad, gabatonebulia Tvalsazrisi, romlis mixedviT es 72 muxli TiTqosSecdomiT aris darTuli beqa-aRbuRas samarTalze da, maSasadame, ar warmoadgensbeqa-aRbuRas saxeliT cnobili Zeglis nawils... Tvalsazrisi, TiTqos zemoTxsenebuli 72 muxli SecdomiT iyo darTuli beqa-aRbuRas samarTalze, swori araris - aseve mcdaria azri, TiTqos danarTi muxlebis ZiriTadi nawili (99-160)marto bagrat kurapalatis samarTals warmoadgendes~. 181z. ratiani aRniSnavs, rom beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wignis danarTi muxlisarseboba pirvelad iv. javaxiSvilma SeniSna. manve gamoTqva mosazreba, TiTqos esmuxlebi `SemTxveviT da SecdomiT~ iyos darTuli beqa-aRbuRas samarTalze. i.doliZis azriT, am muxlebis damateba unda mieweros vaxtang mefis sakodifikaciokomisias. 182 frangi mecnieris a. karstis SexedulebiT, bagratis kodeqsi Sedga X-XI ss-Si, Semdegi redaqcia mas gaukeTa daviT aRmaSenebelma, SemdgomSi es boloredaqcia gadamuSavda da Seivso saepiskopos-saeklesio samarTlis mcodneTa mier damoTavsda aRbuRas kodeqsSi. z. ratiani aRniSnavs, rom karsts Tavisi TvalsazrisidasabuTebuli ara aqvs. z. ratiani gamoricxavs imis SesaZleblobas, rom vaxtangVI-is swavlul kacTa komisias daeSva Secdoma da beqa-aRbuRas kanonebisaTvismiewera e.w. danarTi muxlebi. 183 z. ratiani askvnis, rom e.w. danarTi muxlebisinamdvileSi warmoadgens beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis organul nawils, romelnicavseben da srulyofen mas. 184 z. ratians mohyavs aRniSnuli `danarTi muxlebis~SesavalSi arsebuli winadadeba - `saxeliTa RmrTisaYTa daiwyebis saRmrToYsagaCenili da gasaCeneli, pirvelad daviTian bagrat kurapalatisa da aRmaSenebelTamefeT-mefeTa brZanebiTa da merme ebiskoposTa didebulTa da aznaurTa da WkuianTakacTa mefeTa winaSe erTbamad gaCenili gangebiTa RmrTisaYTa~.aq naxsenebi `aRmaSenebelTa mefeT-mefeTa brZanebiTa~ z. ratians ganmartebuliaqvs, TiTqosda, saubaria daviT aRmaSenebelze, 185 sinamdvileSi ki, aq saubaria araerT `aRmaSenebel~ mefeze, aramed mraval `aRmaSenebel~ mefeze. aRmaSenebeli ar178iv. surgulaZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 14; 179 ak. SaniZe, qarTvelTa monasteri bulgareTSi, 1971, gv.124-125, leqsikoni; 180 iv. surgulaZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 143; 181 z. ratiani `saqarTvelos socialuriwyoba XII-XIV saukuneebSi~, 1970, gv. 23-24; 182 i. doliZe, Zveli qarTuli samarTali, Tb. 1953, gv.42; 183 z. ratiani, dasax. naSr., gv. 28; 184 iqve, gv. 30; 185 iqve, gv. 40.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli45ewodeboda mxolod daviT aRmaSenebels, aramed yvela keTilmorwmune, qveynismaSenebel mefes, aseTni ki mravalni iyvnen aRmavlobis gzaze mdgar taoklarjeTis`qarTvelTa samefosa~ da saqarTvelos sxva adgilobriv samefoerTeulebSi, Tu aras vityviT gaerTianebuli saqarTvelos pirvel mefeebze. aq`aRmaSenebel mefeebSi~ unda igulisxmebodes bagrat kurapalatis (IX s) Semdgomimefeebi, romelnic arabTa mier ganadgurebuli qveynis marTlac rom aRmaSenebelniiyvnen. ase rom, aq daviT aRmaSenebeli ar unda igulisxmebodes.z. ratiani gamoTqvams mosazrebas, rom monRolTa Semosevebis dros `yvelazenaklebad eklesia dazianda~. 186 amitomac, Tavisi mdgomareobis SenarCunebis mizniT,saeklesio pirebis mier moxda bagrat-daviTis samarTlis axali redaqcia monRolTaSemosevis momdevno periodSi, 1249-1316 wlebSi. is `gaZlierebulma samRvdeloebamTavisi interesebis Sesaferisad gadaakeTa~. 187 es mosazreba usafuZvloa. z. ratianisamarTlianad SeniSnavs, rom beqa-aRbuRas samarTals Zvel saqarTveloSi `beqasaganganaCeni samarTali~ ewodeboda. z. ratiani yuradRebas apyrobs samcxis samTavrosuzenaes sasuliero xelisufals - mawyverel-episkoposs. aRniSnavs, rom `faqtiuradmawyverelis gavlena arcTu Camouvardeba, aramed aWarbebs kidec mTavris gavlenas~. 188`samarTlidan Cans, rom mawyverelis sisxli iseve araa gansazRvruli, rogorcaTabagisa, maSasadame, oriveni kanonze maRla dganan, rogorc uzenaesi xelisufalni.aTabagi umaRlesi saero xelisufalia, mawyvereli - umaRlesi sasuliero xelisufali.rogorc aTabagi ar scnobs mefis xelisuflebas, aseve mawyvereli ar scnobskaTalikosis xelisuflebas~. 188`samarTlidan Cans, rom mawyvereli ara marto sasuliero saqmeebs ganagebda,aramed saerosac, rasac ukve pirvelive muxli gvimowmebs. gamodis, rom mawyverelisxelisufleba ufro vrceli iyo, vidre aTabagisa, radgan aTabagi mxolod saerogamgebelia, mawyvereli ki, garda Tavisi ZiriTadi, sasuliero moRvaweobisa, saerosaqmeebSic ereoda~. 188 z. ratiani aRniSnavs, `kanons warmoudgenlad miaCniamoZRvris Sepyroba (episkoposze rom araferi vTqvaT) ... sakuTriv mRvdeli damonazoni, viTarca sasuliero pirni, maRla dganan maT saero moZmeebze~. 189g. nadareiSvili friad sayuradRebosa da swors uwodebs iv. javaxiSvilismosazrebas, rom `qarTuli saeklesio samarTali marto SinaarsiT ki ar iyosaeklesio, aramed warmomdinareobiTac. am mxriv, qarTuli saeklesio samarTaliufro romis kaTolikeTa eklesiis `Corpus iuris cononici~-is miagavs, vidre aRmosavleTiseklesiis, berZenTa da rusTa saeklesio samarTals, imgvaradve, rogorcqarTuli eklesia Tavisi wes-wyobilebiT bevri TvisebiT ufro romis saSualosaukuneebis eklesias miagavda, vidre erTmorwmune berZenTa da rusTa eklesiebs~. 190g. nadareiSvili SeniSnavs, rom `qarTuli feodaluri wyobileba~ analogiuriaufro dasavlur-evropulisa, vidre musulmanur-aRmosavlurisa. aseve saSualosaukuneebis qarTuli saojaxo samarTalic met siaxloves amJRavnebs evropisqveynebis saojaxo samarTlis institutebTan~. 191g. nadareiSvili saojaxo-saqorwino urTierTobis sakiTxebze didi mniSvnelobiswyarod miiCnevs mociqulebisa, msoflio da adgilobriv krebaTa kanonebs. aseveberZnulidan SerCeviT Targmnil kanonikuri samarTlis Zeglebs... `basili makedonelis186z. ratiani, dasax. naSr., gv. 44; 187 iqve, gv. 49; 188 iqve, gv. 61; 189 iqve, gv. 64; 190 iv. javaxiSvili,qarTuli samarTlis istoria, wigni I, tf., 1928, gv. 18-19; 191 g. nadareiSvili, qarTuli samarTlisistoriis narkvevebi, 1971, gv. 16.


46 mitropoliti anania jafariZeproxironis meSvide tituli, romelic naTesaobis xarisxs exeba, saqarTveloSi moqmedsakanonmdeblo normad unda CaiTvalos. aseve moqmed an nawilobriv moqmed samarTladunda CaiTvalos vaxtangis krebulSi Sesuli e.w. `berZnuli kanonebi~, romlebic maTeblastaris sintagmas armenopulos eqvs wignTagan Sevsebuls unda warmoadgendes~. 192`gacilebiT ufro didi mniSvnelobis wyarod unda CaiTvalos qarTuliadgilobrivi saeklesio krebebis dadgenilebebi, kaTalikos-patriarqTa epistoleebi,samarTlis wignebi da sasamarTlo praqtika, agreTve naratiuli wyaroebi... Suasaukuneebis saqarTveloSi specialuri saxelmwifo sakanonmdeblo organo ararsebobda. erTaderTi kanonmdebeli iyo mefe... aseve saeklesio krebebic mefeTadasturiT da mis moxeleTa monawileobiTve eweodnen sakanonmdeblo saqmianobas~. 1931975 wels gamoqveynda qarTuli kanonikuri samarTlis mniSvnelovani Zegli`didi sjuliskanoni~, Tavis dros Targmnili arsen iyalToelis mier. miswinasityvaobaSi enriko gabiZaSvili wers saqarTvelos adgilobriv krebebTandakavSirebiT: `qarTuli eklesiis istoria misi uZvelesi periodidanve Zneliwarmosadgenia adgilobrivi saeklesio krebebis gareSe, xolo adgilobrivi krebebi,imisda mixedviT, Tu ra rangisa iqnebodnen isini - kanonmdeblobis gareSe.marTalia, yvela adgilobrivi kreba saeklesio kanonmdeblobas ar iTvaliswinebdada mxolod eklesiis mimdinare wvrilmani sakiTxebis gadawyvetiT kmayofildeboda~,194 miuxedavad saqarTvelos xangrZlivi saeklesio istoriisa, `originalurikanonikuri mwerlobis arc erT Zegls Cvenamde ar mouRwevia XII s-is dasawyisamde.bednier gamonaklisad ruis-urbnisis 1105 w. saeklesio krebis Zegliswera undaCaiTvalos, romelic ramdenime nusxiTaa Semonaxuli... rac Seexeba saeklesiokanonmdeblobis naTargmn Zeglebs, arc amiTaa mdidari Zveli qarTuli mwerloba.X s-mde, qarTul enaze ar SemogvrCenia aramcTu raime Targmnili kanonikurikrebuli, aramed kanonikuri xasiaTis statiac ki. 195e. gabiZaSvili eTanxmeba iv. javaxiSvils, rom XII s-mdec unda arsebuliyosaqarTvelos saeklesio krebaTa mier gamocemuli Sesabamisi dadgenilebani daganCinebani werilobiTi saxiT gadmocemulni, magram dRemde maT ar mouRweviaT- `krebaTa aqtebi anu `Zegliswera~, iseve rogorc sxva saeklesio krebaTadadgenilebani, romelTa Sesaxeb ubralo cnobebic ki ar gvaqvs, dReisaTvisdakargulad unda miviCnioT~. 195e. gabiZaSvili ar eTanxmeba iv. javaxiSvils, romelic fiqrobda, rom VII s-is dasawyisSi, `epistoleTa wignis~ mixedviT kirionma III epistoles Tanaxmadspecialurad Targmna da somex mRvdelmTavrebs gaugzavna `oTxTa krebaTa wignebi~,rac miuTiTebs, rom `VI-VII ss-Si saqarTvelos eklesias msoflio krebebis ZeglisweraTawigni hqonia, da amgvarad, qarTuli kanonikuri mwerloba, am SemTxvevaSimsoflio eklesiis kanonebis saxiT, mainc arsebobda, rasakvirvelia, adgilobrivikrebebis ZeglisweraTa wignebic iqneboda~. 196 e. gabiZaSvili eTanxmeba k. kekeliZes,romlis azriTac, `epistoleTa wignis cnobaSi saubari pirveli oTxi msoflio krebissarwmunoebis simbolos exeba, `miT umetes, rom nikeis I da konstantinopolis IImsoflio krebaTa aqtebi, krebis sxdomaTa zustad Cawerili oqmebi, rogoric yvelasxva msoflio krebis Sesaxeb gvaqvs, saerTod ar unda arsebuliyo~. 197192g. nadareiSvili, dasax. naSr., gv. 17; 193 iqve, gv. 18; 194 `didi sjuliskanoni~ gamosacemadmoamzades e. gabiZaSvilma, e. giunaSvilma, m. dolaqiZem, g. ninuam, Tbilisi, 1975, gv. 12; 195 iqve,gv. 13; 196 iv. javaxiSvili, qarTuli samarTlis istoria, I, Tbilisi, 1928, gv. 26-28; 197 `didisjuliskanoni~, gv. 14., Cvbhyjd R&^ J,jphtybt bcnjxybrjd&


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli47e. gabiZaSvilis azriT, saqarTveloSi kanonikur mwerlobas safuZveli CaeyaraeqvTime mTawmidelis mTargmnelobiTi moRvaweobis Sedegad. marTalia, iqamdegrigol oSkels (X s. dasawyisi) somxuridan uTargmnia grigol nazianzelis erTiTxzuleba, romelsac garkveuli kavSiri hqonda I da II msoflio krebebzearianelTa sakiTxis irgvliv ganviTarebul kamaTTan, magram igi e. gabiZaSvilsmainc miaCnia ara kanonikuri literaturis Zeglad, aramed dogmatikur-polemikuradda fiqrobs, rom pirveli kanonikuri krebuli `mcire rCuliskanoni~eqvTime mTawmidelma Seadgina berZnulidan Targmnili sxvadasxva kanonikuri statiissafuZvelze, qarTuli eklesiis praqtikuli saWiroebisaTvis. krebulSi Sesuli: 1.`wesi da gangeba da rCuliskanoni meeqvsisa krebisa~, warmoadgens trulis 691 wliskrebis saxecvlil krebuls. 2. `kanoni SecodebulTani~, avtorad ioane mmarxveli(konstantinopolis V s. mTavarepiskoposi) aris dasaxelebuli, rac simarTles arSeefereba, vinaidan Zegli VIII-IX ss-Si Seqmnilad aris miCneuli. 3. `kanoni dRiTidReTacTomaTani~, romlis avtorad basilia dasaxelebuli, kidev ufro gviandeliunda iyos. 4. `Zegliswera~ sarwmunoebisa, romeli aRwers wmidaTa mamaTakonstantinopoles SekrebilTa, wmidaTa xatTa TayvaniscemisaTvis~. 198e. gabiZaSvilis daskvniT, eqvTimes es naSromi warmoadgens Tavisebur kanonikurkrebuls, Sedgenils trulis 691 wlis krebis kanonebisa da basili didis kanonebissafuZvelze, romelsac damatebuli aqvs TviT mTargmnelis mier sxvadasxva wyarosmixedviT Sedgenili kanonebic, maT Soris qarTuli da somxuri eklesiebis Sesaxebac. 199samarTlis sferoSi, aRniSnulis garda, eqvTimes dauweria kanonikur-liturgikuliSroma, romelSic ganmartebulia disciplinaruli xasiaTis sxvadasxva sakiTxi.Txzuleba warmoadgens pasuxs giorgi beris SekiTxvaze, romelic mas WyondididaneqvTimesaTvis gaugzavnia. 200 e. gabiZaSvili wers, rom eqvTimes garda zemoaRniSnulisa,uTargmnia `mcneba da gangeba msoflioTa xucesTa berZnuli, romeligardmosca qarTulad didma efTvimi~. 201giorgi mTawmidels uTargmnia Txzuleba `mcneba mRvdelTa mimarT~, `mcnebawmidisa Jamiswirvisa mimarT, raTa ara wirviden dResa Sina orgzis, aramederTgzis~. e. gabiZaSvilis azriT, SesaZloa giorgi mTawmidelma agreTve TargmnaIII msoflio krebis irgvliv Seqmnili epistolaruli memkvidreobis nawili,romelsac Cvenamde ar mouRwevia. igi eTanxmeba k. kekeliZes, rom giorgimTawmidelis redaqtors an gadamwers Secdoma mouvida da mas miaweres `wignimeeqvsisa krebisas~ Targmna, agreTve aRniSnavs, rom marTalia, qarTul naTargmnliteraturaSi bevri Txzuleba Seexeba saeklesio krebaTa istorias da dogmatikursakiTxebs, magram maT kanonikur mwerlobasTan mxolod zogadi Sexeba aqvs (nawilimaTi Tavmoyrilia arsen iyalToelis `dogmatikonSi~). 202`did sjuliskanonTan~ dakavSirebiT, e. gabiZaSvilis azriT, arsen iyalToelismier Targmnili aRniSnuli krebuli berZnuli 14-titlovani nomokanonis -ZiriTadi kanonikuri kodeqsis erTaderTi Targmania qarTulad da es Zegli arcmanamde da arc Semdeg ar yofila gadmoRebuli. 203e. gabiZaSvilis azriT, arsen iyalToelma `didi sjuliskanoni~ Targmna 1105wlamde, ruis-urbnisis krebis mowvevamde, radganac krebis `Zeglisweras~ didi198am krebulis Sesaxeb dawvrilebiT ixileT `mcire sjuliskanoni~, gamosacemad moamzada e.giunaSvilma, Tb., 1973; 199 didi sjuliskanoni, Sesavali, gv. 15; 200 qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi,III, 1970, gv. 5-18; 201 qronikebi gamocemuli T. Jordanias mier, II, 1897, gv. 82-83; 202 didisjuliskanoni, 1975, gv. 16; 203 iqve, gv. 19.


48 mitropoliti anania jafariZesjuliskanonis qarTuli Targmanis kvali atyvia. 204 misi Targmna ruis-urbnisiskrebis mzadebasTan yofila dakavSirebuli. amitom misi Targmna XI s-ismiwurulSi, an XII s-is pirvel naxevarSi aris savaraudebeli. 205 arsen iyalToelsSeurCevia nomokanonis is redaqcia, romelic qristianulma eklesiam 920 wliskonstantinopolis erT-erT udides krebaze oficialur kanonikur kodeqsad aRiara.e. gabiZaSvilis azriT, termini `sjuliskanoni~ ar aris `nomokanonis~ Targmani.`nomos~, misi azriT, qarTulad ar udris `sjuls~. sjuli aq sarwmunoebrivisamarTlis mniSvnelobas unda gulisxmobdes. 206e. gabiZaSvili xangrZlivi kvleviT askvnis, rom ruis-urbnisis `Zeglisweris~erT-erTi ZiriTadi wyaro `didi sjuliskanonia~ 207 da Sedgenil iqna am krebismowvevamde. misi azriT, ruis-urbnisis kreba mowveul iqna ara 1103 wels, aramed1105 wels, Tumca vaxuSti miuTiTebs 1103 wels, anu qarTuli qoronikonis 323wels. 208 e. gabiZaSvils mohyavs Tavisi angariSi am krebis mowvevisa, racdamajereblad ar gveCvena. 209saqarTvelos eklesiis istoriis cnobil mkvlevars babilina lominaZes mravalinaSromi aqvs Cveni eklesiis istoriis calkeuli periodebisa. maTSi uxvad arisgabneuli mniSvnelovani mosazrebani saeklesio samarTlis Sesaxebac. gansakuTrebiTaRsaniSnavia babilina lominaZis gamokvleva - `afxazeTis sakaTalikosos sinodismier miRebuli kanonebi (XVI s.)~.misi gamokvlevis Tanaxmad, es e.w. `kaTalikosTa samarTalis~ saxeliT cnobilisaeklesio-iuridiuli Zegli gamosca dasavleT saqarTvelos, anu afxazeTis sakaTalikosossaeklesio krebam (mas mkvlevari `sinods~ uwodebs), afxazeTis kaTalikosisevdemon CxetiZis dros (1557-1578 ww.). am saeklesio krebam `SeimuSava kanonebimosaxleobaSi darRveuli samoqalaqo da saeklesio wesebis aRsadgenad~. 210babilina lominaZis azriT, `krebis mowvevis dros saqarTvelo mZime sagareoda saSinao mdgomareobaSi imyofeboda... qveyanas Zirs uTxrida tyveTa syidva(romlis bazari TurqeTSi iyo, umetesad, afxazeTis meSveobiT). mosaxleobaSi,gansakuTrebiT afxazeTSi, qristianuli `rjulis garyvna~ am droisaTvis TiTqmismasobrivi gaxda, radgan yovelmxriv dauZlurebul bars mieZala mTieli mosaxleoba(adgilobrivi da Crdilo kavkasiidan gadmosulebi), romlebmac Tan moitanes naxevradwarmarTuli qristianoba... yovelive am Znelbedobam daarRvia mosaxleobis samoqalaqoda saeklesio cxovrebis wesrigi~. 210`xsenebuli krebis mier SemuSavebuli kanonebi da windarTuli Sesavalireliefurad gvamcnobs, Tu saxeldobr ra saxis `uwesobani~ yofila mosaxleobaSigavrcelebuli. SesavalSi naTqvamia (mogvaqvs SemoklebiT): `me.... yovlisa saqarTvelosakaTalikozman patriarqman malaqia, me... afxazeTisa kaTalikozman mamaTmTavarmanevdemon, davsxediT da SevkribeniT yovelni episkoposni afxazeTisani da didisiymili movida codvaTa CuenTagan, mravali uwesoba da ujero saqme Semovida:kacis kvla, kacis syidva, eklesiis krexva da uxvedroba. davideviT sjuliskanoni...da sjulis kanonica asre brZanebs~. 211`garda zemoxsenebuli ori kaTalikosisa, krebas eswreboda yvela episkoposidasavleT saqarTvelodan (`afxazeTidan~) - sul aTi: quTaTeli mitropoliti204didi sjuliskanoni, 1975, gv. 20; 205 iqve, gv. 21; 206 iqve, gv. 23; 207 iqve, gv. 78; 208 v.batoniSvili, saqarTvelos istoria, 1885, gv. 174; 209 didi sjuliskanoni, 1975, gv. 80; 210 Jurn.`gelaTis mecnierebaTa akademiis uwyebani~, #2, 1996, gv. 57; 211 b. lominaZe, `afxazeTis sakaTalikosossinodis mier miRebuli kanonebi (XVI)~; Jurn. `gelaTis mecnierebaTa akademiis uwyebani~ #2;1996 w. gv. 57.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli49svimoni, gelaTeli mTavarepiskoposi antoni, mama Wyondideli, bedieli mitropoliti,moqveli mTavarepiskoposi, drandeli mitropoliti filipe, cagareli mamamTavarikozman, xoneli mTavarepiskoposi zaqaria, nikorwmindeli episkoposi iovakim,CaiSeli mamamTavari kirile. am pirebs daumtkicebiaT krebis oqmi xelis moweriTboloSi `kanoniTa vamtkiceb~. damswreTa raodenoba 12 akmayofilebda krebiskanonikur wess~. 212b. lominaZe wers,: `krebam SeimuSava metad mkacri sasjelebi, romlebicgaaforma daaxloebiT 23-e muxlSi (kanonSi). `samarTali~ umaRlesi fizikurisasjelisagan (sikvdilisagan) ar indobs kacis gamyidvels, romel wodebasac arunda ekuTvnodes is. tyvis gamyidveli Tu ver daabrunebs da gamoixsnis tyves,`veram saqmem ver ixsnas, ukanonodca ars, - Zels mieces~ (CamoxrCobil iqnes), Tugamoixsnis tyvis gamyidveli, maSin `SeCvenebul iyos~ (muxli 1). `vinc eklesiagatexos da xati gaZarcos, ukanonod Zels mieces~ (muxli 2) aq or SemTxvevaSimiTiTeba `ukanonod~ imas niSnavs, rom damnaSavis sikvdiliT dasja Sesruldessakanonos gareSe, e.i. damnaSaves aRsarebis (sinanulis) da ziarebis miRebis ufleba(mRvdlis winaSe) warTmeuli aqvs~. 213`is faqti, rom aseTi ganaCeni iSviaTia TviT am `samarTalSic~, mowmobs aseTidanaSaulis sixSires. misi simkacre imaSi mdgomareobs, rom damnaSave ispobaaramarto fizikurad, aramed suliTac, romlis xsna sruliad aRar SeiZleba (isver moxvdeba sasufevelSi). sikvdiliT dasja Sefardebuli iyo mefis RalatisaTvis(muxli 16), colis `dagdebisaTvis~ bralis gareSe (muxli 23), qristianuliCveulebis darRvevisaTvis, rogoric iyo rZlis colad SerTva, dawesebuliaSeCveneba, amasTanave, SesaZleblad sanqcirebulia orives, kacisa da qalis `dakirva~(muxli 22). `samarTalSi~ sxvadasxva fizikuri sasjelebi gaTvaliswinebuliasisxlis Semdegi danaSaulebebisaTvis: Zmisa da mamis mkvlelisaTvis xelis moWra(muxli 4); udanaSaulod kacis mokvlisaTvis dawesebulia jarima - sisxlis fasimixedviT imisa, Tu romel wodebas ekuTvnis mokluli (muxli 5); asevedawesebulia jarima qurdobisaTvis (muxli 6)~ (Jurn. `gelaTis mecnierebaTaakademiis uwyebani~). 214`eklesiebisa da monastrebis adgil-mamulebis dacvisaTvis `samarTalSi Setaniliamuxli, romlis Tanaxmad, vinc miiTvisebs saydris sofels, venaxs da a.S.`SeCvenebul iyos~ (muxli 20); vinc eklesiaSi Seva da `saqonels~ gamoitans, manunda daabrunos saqoneli da amis Camdeni `daSavdes~ (aq igulisxmeba materialurian fizikuri sasjeli) (muxli 3)~. 214`sakaTalikoso kreba SeebrZola adgilebze episkoposisagan saeklesio wesebisdarRvevebs, rogoric iyo uRirsi mRvdlis da diakonis xeldasxma, amisaTvisqrTamis aReba; rom episkoposebi TavianT samwysoSi drodadro ar dadian rjulissaqmeebis mosawesrigeblad, saydars ar uvlian, ar zrunaven misTvis mamulebisSematebisaTvis; saydris `SekazmisaTvis~ saWiro inventariT; zogierT saepiskoposoSiziarebas saero kacis xeliT agzavnian, an saero pirebi aziareben. yvela amdanaSaulisaTvis `samarTali~ awesebs episkoposis `SeCvenebas~ (muxlebi: 7, 8, 9,10, 11); episkoposi, romelic ar gaigonebs kaTalikosis mxilebas mis danaSaulSida ar gamoswordeba, mefis mier gaiZeveba saydridan (muxli 15). (aqedan Cans,rom saepiskoposo kaTedras mRvdelmTavars aZlevs mefe da ara kaTalikosi).212iqve, gv. 57-58; 213 iqve, gv. 58; 214 i. doliZe, qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I, 1963, gv. 391;Jurn. `gelaTis mecnierebaTa akademiis uwyebani~ #2; 1996 w. gv. 58.


50 mitropoliti anania jafariZeqorepiskoposebi, romlebic ar asruleben TavianT movaleobas, sasjelad imsaxurebenSeCvenebas (muxli 12). `samarTalSi~ ganmartebulia, rom Tu saero piriepiskoposs da qorepiskoposs xels SeuSlis samwyso saqmeebis gangebaSi, `sasjelis~(gadasaxadis) aRebaSi `SeCvenebul ars~ (muxli 13, 14); `vinc kaTolikozsa daepiskoposs aginos da upatiuroba hkadros, rarigadac sjulis kanonSi eweros,imrigad ganipatiJos~ (muxli 17). 215`bolos, krebis `samarTali~ sasjelad awesebs dakrulva-SeCvenebas imisaTvis, vincar Seiwynarebs am `sjulis wigns~ da ar daemorCileba kaTolikoss (muxli 21)~. 216`unda aRvniSnoT `samarTlis~ Tavisebureba, rac imaSi mdgomareobda, rom aqerTad aris ganxiluli saeroTa mier Cadenili danaSauli da sasulieroTa mimarTCadenili sxvadasxva danaSauli. aseve saeklesio pirTa mier Tanamdebobrivi dadisciplinaruli darRvevebi da maT mimarT Cadenili sxvadasxva danaSauli.sxvanairad rom vTqvaT, is faqti, rom `samarTalSi~ erTadaa ganxiluli saeklesioda saero xasiaTis danaSaulobebi Sesabamisi fizikuri da sasuliero sasjelebiT,miuTiTebs iseT Tvisebaze, rac qarTul samarTalSi Cveulebrivi ar aris~. 216b. lominaZe aRniSnavs, rom `gansaxilvel `samarTalSi~ aRniSnuli TaviseburebaSeniSna iurist-mkvlevarma niko xizaniSvilma (XIX s.). is wers: `samarTali~Seicavs, `saeklesios garda, zog danaSauls, romelic sisxlis samarTals Seexeba(mag., kaciskvla). magram faqtis axsnas, rasac avtori iqve iZleva, verdaveTanxmebiT. misi azriT: `samoqalaqo da sisxlis samarTlis `ganucalkevebloba~,rac `samarTals axasiaTebs, niSnavs `iuridiul azrovnebiTs ganuviTareblobas... dakidev imas, rom saqarTveloSi eklesia mowyobili iyo feodalurad, racgamoixateboda, rom is Tavis sabrZanebelSi arCevda yovelgvar danaSauls~. `amiTaixsneba~, dasZens avtori, rom samarTalSi `moipoveba iseTi zogierTi danaSauli,romelic saeklesio kanons ar Seesabameboda~. 216`marTalia, eklesia Sua saukuneebSi `mowyobili iyo feodalurad~, magram saqmeisaa, rom sasamarTlo saqmeebis aseTi ganuyoflobis sistema, romelic am`samarTalSi~ aris daculi, axasiaTebda saqarTveloSi mxolod, da isic nawilobriv,iseT zogierT saeklesio senioriebs (mag. samefo monastrebs _ SiomRvimes, gelaTsda mcxeTis sapatriarqos - sveticxovlis saydars mefis xeldebuls), romlebic sargeblobdnensasamarTlo imunitetiT, rogorc sasisxlo (mag., qurdoba, mkvleloba...),ise rjulis saqmeebSi, magram mas ar hqonda ufleba gaerCia iseTi saqme, romelicsasjelis umaRles zomas _ sikvdils moiTxovda. es ukanaskneli mxolod mefissasamarTlos prerogativa iyo. saeklesio senioriis sasamarTlo, sadac msajulebadda saqmis gamrCevad kaTalikosi, episkoposi, monastris winamZRoli an mTavardiakoni(saerTod, eklesiis ufrosoba) gamodioda, ganaCenSi kmayofildebodadamnaSavis jarimiT (dazaralebulis sisxlis fasis mixedviT), amasTan erTad,sxvadasxva saxis sakanonos dadebiT, eklesiidan gaZevebiT da a.S. rac Seexeba imas,rom am `samarTalSi~ TiTqos Candes `iuridiuli azris ganuviTarebloba~(saqmeebis `ganucalkeveblobis~ gamo), arc es aris misaRebi. piriqiT, qarTulmaiuridiulma azrovnebam aseTi tipis `samarTliT~ monaxa gamosavali, rom arsebulsituaciaSi (romelSic qveyana am dros imyofeboda), saxelmwifosa da eklesiasmieRwiaT saerTo miznisaTvis - mZime danaSaulebaTa aRmofxvrisaTvis, rac erisarsebobas Zirs uTxrida~. 217215i. doliZe, qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I, 1963, gv. 391; Jurn. `gelaTis mecnierebaTaakademiis uwyebani~ #2; 1996 w., gv. 58-59; 216 iqve, gv. 59; 217 Jur. `gelaTis mecnierebaTa akademiisuwyebani~, #2, 1996, gv. 59-60.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli51b. lominaZe aRniSnavs, `samarTlis~ kidev erT Taviseburebas: 12 mRvdelmTavrismier SemuSavebul `samarTalSi~, sul 23 muxlidan, sasjelis umaRlesi zoma -sikvdili sanqcirebulia danaSaulis xuT SemTxvevaSi; sxva saxis fizikuri sasjeliSefardebulia danaSaulis or-sam SemTxvevaSi (mkvlelobisaTvis, qurdobisaTvis...).saerTod, damnaSavis fizikuri dasja qarTul marTlmadidebel eklesias da arcmsoflios sxva marTlmadidebel eklesiebs ar axasiaTebT. fizikuri sasjelebiarsebobda dasavleT evropis romis kaTolikur eklesiaSi, sadac XIII s-Si daarsdasagangebo saeklesio sasamarTlo inkviziciis saxiT (iarseba XVIII s-mde). inkviziciaarCevda mosaxleobaSi mxolod gavrcelebul mwvalebelTa (eretikosTa) saqmeebs.eresSi SemCneul da msjavrdadebul pirovnebas usjida sikvdils cecxlSi dawviT,wamebas, dapatimrebas da sxv. 218`samarTalSi~ SeCveneba (anaTema) gamoyenebulia 13 SemTxvevaSi. aqedan episkoposismimarT 6 SemTxvevaSi, saeros mimarT 7 SemTxvevaSi (sakanono mRvdlis mimarT3 SemTxvevaSi, saeros mimarT 2 SemTxvevaSi). SeCveneba iyo sulieri sasjelisumaRlesi zoma. simkacriT is aRemateboda xorciel umaRles sasjels _ sikvdils,radgan is gulisxmobda sulis sikvdils (SeCvenebis Teologiuri arsi is aris, romSeCvenebulis suli xorcieli gardacvalebis Semdeg veRar moxvdeboda sasufevelSi,qristes meored mosvlis Semdeg sayovelTao gankiTxvis dros misi sulidaemkvidreba jojoxeTSi... mis suls ver ixsnis veraviTari saSualeba: qvelmoqmedeba,wirva-locva da a.S.), magram mainc aris gamosavali isev eklesiis meSveobiT:kaTalikosma an episkoposma, romelmac misi suli `Sekra~, masve SeuZlia suli`axsnas~. episkoposis mimarT SeCvenebis sixSire mowmobs imas, rom saeklesiodanaSaulic Sors yofila wasuli. saerTod ki SeCvenebas umaRles sasjelTa Sorisukavia pirveli adgili, meorezea fizikuri sasjeli~. 219b. lominaZis azriT, `afxazeTis sakaTalikosos sinodis mier SemuSavebulikanonebi (e.w. `samarTali kaTalikosTa~) xasiaTdeba sasjelis simkacriT, `samarTal-Si~ sasjelis umaRles zomad gamoyenebulia sami saxis zoma: sikvdili, sikvdili`ukanonod~ (mxolod ori saxis danaSaulisaTvis) da SeCveneba. es garemoebaTavisTavad mowmobs imas, rom mZime danaSauli xSiria (tyvis gayidva, eklesiisgatexa-gaZarcva... da danaSaulebaTa siRrme imdenad sagangaSoa, rom am dros mefisZalaufleba sakmarisi ar aris maT mosaspobad, saWiro gamxdara eklesiisavtoriteti da misi qmediTi Careva, rac gamoixata swored amgvari `samarTlis~SemuSavebaSi. aman, Tavis mxriv, aamaRla eklesiis roli saxelmwifoSi. amrigad,aseTi `samarTali~ didi Sedegis momtani unda yofiliyo dasavleT saqarTvelossaero da saeklesio cxovrebis gasajansaReblad~. 220cnobili qarTveli samarTalmcodne da samarTlis Zeglebis gamomcemeli isidoredoliZe ixilavs saqarTvelos saeklesio samarTalsac. 221is. doliZis azriT, Sua saukuneebis saero samarTlis Zeglebze didi gavlenaiqonia kanonikurma samarTalma. sasuliero wodeba feodaluri sazogadoebis ZlierZalas warmoadgenda. eklesia Tavisi wes-wyobilebiT meore saxelmwifo iyo saxelmwifoSi.igi farTo politikuri da uflebrivi SeuvalobiT sargeblobda, masdamoukidebeli sasamarTlo iurisdiqcia hqonda. amave dros saero samarTlisa dasamoqalaqo cxovrebis mTeli rigi sakiTxebi kanonikuri samarTlis normebiT wesrigdebodada saeklesio sasamarTloebis kompetencias Seadgenda. feodalur samarTalSi218Jur. `gelaTis mecnierebaTa akademiis uwyebani~, #2, 1996, gv. 60; 219 iqve, gv. 60-61; 220 iqve,gv. 61; 221 i. doliZe, Zveli qarTuli samarTali, Tb., 1953.


52 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaeklesio dogmebi batonobdnen da samarTlis mecnierebac RvTismetyvelebis mTlianibatonobis qveS imyofeboda, mis dargad iTvleboda. samRvdeloebisa da RvTismetyvelebisbatonobam mTel sazogadoebaze gansazRvra saeklesio samarTlis didiroli saero samarTlis normebisa da institutebis warmoqmnasa da CamoyalibebaSi.qarTuli saero samarTlis mTeli rigi institutebi saeklesio samarTlidanmomdinareoben. saeklesio sasamarTloebis farTo iurisdiqcia xels uwyobda misgavlenas saero samarTalze. saero sasamarTloebis saqmeebis mTeli rigi winaTsaeklesio sasamarTloebs eqvemdebareboda. amasTan, saWiroa gaviTvaliswinoT isgaremoeba, rom qarTuli saeklesio samarTlis `moqmedebis asparezi marto wmindasaeklesio cxovrebis mowesrigebiT ar ganisazRvreboda, aramed gacilebiT ufrofarTo daniSnuleba da sarbieli hqonda. eklesias saqarTveloSi Tavisi jari damoxeleebi hyavda. qarTuli saeklesio samarTali marto eklesiis sarwmunoebrivsaqmianobas ki ar exeboda, aramed saxelmwifoebriv yofacxovrebasac. qarTuleklesias saxelmwifoebrivi wyobilebis bevri damaxasiaTebeli niSani aqvs. akad. iv.javaxiSvilis azriT, eklesiis kanonikuri samarTali ufro romis kaTolikeTaeklesiis kanonikuri samarTlis krebuls, corpus iuris canonici-s miagavs, vidreaRmosavleTis eklesiis, berZenTa da rusTa saeklesio samarTlisas imgvaradve,rogorc qarTuli eklesia Tavisi wes-wyobilebis bevri TvisebiT ufro romissaSualo saukuneebis eklesias miagavda, vidre erTmorwmune berZenTa da rusTaeklesiebs. `qarTuli samarTlis istoriis Sesaswavlad didi mniSvneloba metadreadgilobriv, qarTul saeklesio sjuldebas aqvs, magram msoflio eklesiis krebebisdadgenilebani da berZnuli sjulis kanonic Zvirfasia mkvlevarTaTvis, jer erTiimitom, rom kanonmdeblobis es Zeglebic moqmed samarTlad iyvnen saqarTveloSi.akad. iv. javaxiSvilis azriT, `didi sjulis kanoni~ naTargmni unda iyos IX-X ss-Si, roca samcxisa da tao-klarjeT-SavSeTis qarTul samonastro centrebSisamwerlobo moRvaweoba gaCaRda da bizantiis ganaTlebis umTavres savaneebTanmWidro sulieri kavSiri Seiqmna. es metad sayuradRebo da mniSvnelovani garemoebaabeqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wyaroebis Sesaswavlad da kerZod, im azris naTelsayofad,rom samarTlis wignis erT-erT wyaros saeklesio samarTali warmoadgenda~.is. doliZis azriT, beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis Sedgenamde bevri saeklesio krebaiqneboda albaT mowveuli, magram saeklesio sjulmdeblobas Cvenamde ar mouRwevia.am mxriv gamonakliss warmoadgens ruis-urbnisis 1103 wlis saeklesio kreba,romlis sakanonmdeblo moRvaweoba cnobilia CvenTvis `Zeglis weris~ saxelwodebiT.aRniSnuli saeklesio krebis ZiriTadi mizani, rogorc es `Zeglis weridan~ Cans,saeklesio wes-wyobilebis, samRvdelmsaxuro wesebisa da mrevlis zneobaTa daSecodebulebis ganxilva da mowesrigeba iyo, amitom aRniSnuli sjulmdeblobismniSvneloba gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnes beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis Seswavlisas.mniSvnelovania, agreTve, saeklesio krebis moxseneba da dadgenileba, romelic 1263-65 wlebs Soris unda iyos Sedgenili. saeklesio krebis aRniSnuli dadgenilebaSeicavs debulebas saeklesio mamulebis saxelmwifo xelisuflebis mier sxvebzegacemis Sesaxeb da amitom mas didi mniSvneloba aqvs saqarTvelos ekonomikuri dasocialuri istoriis Sesaswavlad. dadgenileba iZleva sayuradRebo cnobebssaxelmwifosa da eklesiis uflebrivi damokidebulebis Sesaxeb. safiqrebelia, romorive saeklesio krebis zemoaRniSnul Zeglebs icnobdnen sjulmdeblebi beqa daaRbuRa da, SesaZloa, iTvaliswinebdnen maT samarTlis wignis Sedgenisas.saeklesio samarTlis gavlena beqa-aRbuRas samarTalSi naTlad Cans samcxesaaTabagosmRvdelmTavris, mawyverelis uflebrivi mdgomareobidan. awyuris episko-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli53posis sasamarTlo iurisdiqcias eqvemdebareboda mTeli rigi mniSvnelovani sisxlisada samoqalaqo samarTlis saqmeebi. mawyvereli aTabagTan erTad axorcielebsumaRles sasamarTlo xelisuflebas. saaTabagos saqarTvelos samefosagan gandgomamdidi gavlena moaxdina mawyverelis damoukideblobasa da misi sasamarTloiurisdiqciis zrdaze. saaTabagoSi mawyvereli iseTive umaRlesi saeklesio Tanamdebobispiri iyo, rogoric kaTalikosi saqarTveloSi. Tu aTabagi saqarTvelosmefes arafers ekiTxeboda, mawyverelic damoukidebeli iyo mcxeTis saeklesiokaTedralisagan. samcxe-saaTabagoSi igi damoukideblad axorcielebda umaRlessaeklesio xelisuflebas da sjulmdeblobas. rogorc beqa-aRbuRas samarTlispirveli winasityvaobidan Cans, awyurisa da safaris eklesiebs sakuTari kanonmdeblobachqoniaT, romelic `Cuen ganaRamca agreve davamtkiceTo~, ambobs aRbuRa,awyursa da safaris kanonmdeblobaze miTiTeba cxadyofs saaTabagoSi mawyverelisumaRlessa da damoukidebel uflebriv mdgomareobas. Tu saeklesio saqmeebSimawyvereli uzenaesi piria, saero samarTlis saqmeebSi is aTabagis Tanasworia,masTan erTad axorcielebs umaRles marTlmsajulebas.is. doliZe wers: beqas samarTlis winasityvaobaSi aRbuRa didi mokrZalebiTaRniSnavs, rom samarTlis wigni SevadgineT mawyverelisa da samcxe-saaTabagosepiskoposTa da meudabnoeTa moweseTa monawileobiT; kanonis Sedgena romganvizraxeT, yvelaferi `movaxseneT patiosansa mawyverelsa~ da `mindobilniRmrTisani da awyurisa RmrTismSoblisani~ SevudeqiT ganaCenis daweraso.beqas samarTlis wignis I muxlis mixedviT, roca didebulis mier didebulismokvlis SemTxvevaSi `patronisa jayelisa da mawyverelisa kacni~ damnaSavesadgilze miuswreben, mas aRar aqvs ufleba dazaralebuls kidev sxva zianimiayenos da, Tu mas Semdegac emateba `patronisa da mawyverelis patijigadaixadoso~. `patiji~ gansakuTrebuli jarima iyo aTabagisa da mawyverelispativis SelaxvisaTvis. Tu damnaSave sisxlisa da patiJis daurvebas ver SeZlebs,gaZevebul unda iqnes da misi `mamuli patronsa aqundes - jayelsa damawyuerelsao~.. aseTive mdgomareobas aqvs adgili aznauris mier aznauris mokvlisSemTxvevaSic. Tu damnaSave kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul sazRaurs ver gadaixdis, igiunda gadaixvewos da misi mamuli patronsa da mawyverels unda gadaeces, rogorcsasamarTlo xelisuflebis umaRles warmomadgenlebs. Zmam Tu Zma an axlo naTesavimokla, saqme aTabagsa da mawyverels unda moxsendes, radgan aseTi danaSauli`saRmrTod bralia da sakanono askeci~. damnaSaves Cveulebriv sasjels gardasaeklesio sasjelic unda daedos - `episkopozman misi wesi icis, raca marTebs,man uyoso~. damnaSave unda gadaixvewos, misi mamuli aTabagsa da mawyverels undagadaeces. damnaSavis saqme, romelic Tavs daesxa sasaflaos, gatexa an Seuracxyoeklesia, episkoposma unda ganixilos, rogorc umaRlesma mosamarTlem, da iseTisasjeli daados, rasac saWirod dainaxavs (`qristes sisxlis pativsa mcnebulTa viTauyvars, egeTi patiJi dauurvebinon~), radgan aseTi mZime danaSaulisaTvis sasjelisgansazRvra SeuZlebeliao. aTabagTan erTad mawyverlis sasamarTlo kompetenciasSeadgenda mZime saxelmwifo danaSauli, romelic cnobilia beqa-aRbuRas samarTalSi`Ralatis~ saxelwodebiT. Tu aTabagis mfarvelobaSi myofi kaci, vasali, anu`mindobili kaci~ RalatiT vinmes cixesa da saxl-kars waarTmevs, misi saqmeaTabagTan erTad mawyverelsac unda moxsendes (`patronma da mawyverelman cnas~).amrigad, mawyvereli aTabagTan erTad umaRlesi sasamarTlo xelisuflebis warmomadgenelia.isini ganixilaven sisxlis samarTlis mZime danaSaulTa saqmeebs(mkvlelobas, Tavdasxmas, Ralatsa da sxv.). aTabagi, rogorc umaRlesi saero


54 mitropoliti anania jafariZexelisuflebis warmomadgeneli, da mawyvereli, rogorc umaRlesi sasulieroxelisuflebis warmomadgeneli, erTdroulad da Tanasworad axorcieleben sasamarTloxelisuflebas zemoaRniSnuli saqmeebis gamo. aTabagisa da mawyverlissasamarTlo xelisufleba SeerTebulia da mas sisxlis samarTlis dargSi SereulixasiaTi aqvs. magram mawyverels amasTan erTad Tavis samwysoSi calke damoukidebelisaeklesio iurisdiqcia aqvs. sulisa da eklesiis saqme mxolod mas exebodada aTabagi mis uflebebSi ver Caereoda. saojaxo samarTlis dargic xommawyverlis iurisdiqcias Seadgenda. qorwinebisa da ojaxis saqme mawyverelsekiTxvis. Tu kaci gvariTa da RirsebiT masze ufro sapatio cols gascildeba,sisxli Tavisi gvaris mixedviT unda dauurvos, radgan `macxovarman dawyevasaSigan esreT rqva: qmrisamca Senisa mimarT ars moqceva Senio~. es aris norma,romelic daamkvidra saeklesio samarTalma saojaxo samarTlis dargSi.is. doliZis azriT, memkvidreobiT samarTalSic cxadad igrZnoboda saeklesiosamarTlis gavlena. anderZiT memkvidreobis iuridiul Zalas mxars uWers damtkices xdis eklesia. anderZi samkvidros damtoveblis gardacvalebis Semdeg arismtkice da namdvili, sicocxleSi ki samkvidros damtovebels misi gauqmebacSeuZlia da ZalaSi datovebac. es wesi `ganbrZnobili ars wmidaTa mamaTagansjulTa samoZRvreblad, ebistoleTaca Sigan esreT weril ars amisTanasa saqmesaSigan kacTagan Sesvlaze, qveqceva mal SeuZlebel ars da nuvin xelhyofso~. eseckanonikuri samarTlidan Sesuli wesia beqas samarTalSi. msxvil feodalsa da misvasals Soris rom raime dava wamoiWreba, saqme sasamarTlom miudgomel dapiruTvnel kacTa monawileobiT unda gadawyvitos da Searigos modave mxareebi,radgan `caTa da qveynisa Semoqmedsaca ezom undosa adamiansa Sua dasxmulnimoZRvarni da mecnierni kacni Seazavebeno~, naTqvamia aRbuRas samarTalSi.maSasadame, saeklesio samarTali sasamarTlo warmoebis sakiTxebzedac avrcelebsTavis gavlenas. marTlmsajulebas RvTaebrivi Zala aqvs. mosamarTle RvTis moSiSida sulis saqmis pativis mcnebeli unda iyos. angareba da sixarbe RvTisganmarisxebeli saqmea da mosamarTle angarebiT saqmes nuravis daumtkicebso. `esesityva wmidaTa mamaTa ars, Tu - sixarbe bunebiT mxedvelobisa kapi ariso dayoveli avi RmrTisa da kacTa ganmarisxebeli saqme mas zeda Camokidebuli ariso~,ambobs aTabagi aRbuRa.is. doliZe aRniSnavs - saeklesio samarTlis Zala da avtoriteti gamoyenebuliavaldebulebiTi samarTlis dargSic. es gansakuTrebiT naTlad Cans sesxisxelSekrulebis pirobebidan. aRbuRas samarTali valis xelSekrulebis dros krZalavs`didi sargeblis~ aRebas. Tu kreditorma didi procenti aiRos msesxeblisagan,arakanonieria da unda daubrunos, radgan `angareba Tavad codvad weres sjulismoZRvarTa kacTa wmidaTa~ da `vaxSis sidide ganmarisxebelia RmrTisao~.erT adgilas beqa moses kanonmdeblobasac imowmebs. roca Zmebi gaiyofiansamemkvidreo qonebis zedmeti wili - `sauxuceso~, - romelic winaparTapativiscemisa da sulis mosaxseneblad iyo gankuTvnili, ufros Zmas eZleva. amwess `TviT moses piriTa dambadebeli `dabadebasa~ Sigan daswers~, romelic ZneladmoiSlebiso. amrigad, beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wignis mTeli rigi muxlebi Seicavensaeklesio samarTlis wesebsa da debulebebs. gansakuTrebiT es gavlena, rogorcdavinaxeT, igrZnoba samarTlis wignis im normebSi, romlebic awesrigebensamoqalaqo, saojaxo da memkvidreobiT urTierTobas da agreTve sasamarTlowarmoebasac. zemoaRniSnulidan savsebiT gasagebia samcxe-saaTabagos episkoposis -mawyverelis - farTo ufleba-mosileba saero iurisdiqciis dargSi.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli55is. doliZis azriT, scdeboda n. urbneli, romelic fiqrobda, rom beqaaRbuRaskanonebis boloSi darTuli 102-e da 103-e muxli, romlebSic laparakiamefisa da episkoposis urTierTdamokidebulebis Sesaxeb, samarTlis wignis organulnawils warmoadgenda da aqedan im araswor daskvnas akeTebda, rom TiTqosaRniSnuli muxlebi gamoxatavdnen aTabagisa da mawyverlis uflebriv mdgomareobas.mawyvereli `zogs SemTxvevaSi Tavis saero uflebiT aTabagsac kiaRemateba... aTabags raRa ufleba hqonda episkopozzed? - araferi... aTabags xom`mefe~ ar eTqmoda, `mefed~ moxsenebulia mxolod episkopozi da es saxelwodebacxadad amtkicebs mis upiratesobaso. 222is. doliZe mcdarad miiCnevs agreTve n. urbnelis azrs saaTabagos sasulierowodebis privilegiuri mdgomareobis Sesaxeb. raki 98-e muxlis Semdgomi muxlebibeqa-aRbuRas samarTlad miiCnia, n. urbnelma daxata saaTabagos sasuliero wodebisierarqiuli struqtura. zemoaRniSnul muxlebSi sasuliero wodebis pirTaTvisgaakeTa, rom sasuliero wodebas didi upiratesoba hqonda saero xelisuflebasTanSedarebiTo. aseTi mdgomareoba urbnelis azriT imiT aixsneba, rom `saaTabagoSiaRorZinda bizantiis ukiduresi orTodoqsuli moZRvreba, romelsac sulsa dasaRmrTo saqmeTa garda sxva araferi swamda. aseTma mimarTulebam metad ganadidasasuliero wodeba da mTeli eris grZnoba am wodebas daumorCila. 223is. doliZe daaskvnis: sinamdvileSi zemoaRniSnuli muxlebi ar SeicavensaaTabagos sasuliero wodebis uflebriv mdgomareobas, ar Seadgenen beqa-aRbuRassamarTlis nawils da gamoxataven XI s-is gaerTianebuli saqarTvelos suraTs, rocasamRvdeloebas maRla eWira Tavi.TavianT SromebSi saeklesio samarTals tendenciurad ixilavdnen qarTvelisabWoTa samarTalmcodneebic. sabWoTa samarTlis mixedviT, `masebis motyuebis,brZolisunarianobis modunebis da, saerTod, ideologiuri daTrgunvis erT-erTmniSvnelovan iaraRs burJuaziul wes-wyobilebaSic warmoadgens iseTi reaqciuliorganizacia, rogoricaa eklesia~. 224giorgi inwkirveli exeba kanonikur samarTalsac: `feodalizmis epoqaSi,eklesiis rolisa da mdgomareobis Sesabamisad, didi mniSvneloba hqonda, agreTve,saeklesio samarTlis normebs, e.w. kanonikur samarTals. specialuri saeklesiosasamarTloebic ki arsebobda, romlebic ganixilavdnen ara marto sasulieropirebis, aramed saero pirebis saqmeebsac, rac Seexeba saqorwino da saojaxo sakiTxebs,maTi mowesrigeba TiTqmis mTlianad saeklesio samarTlis normebis mixedviT xdeboda.amis Sesaxeb f. engelsi werda: `eklesiis dogmebi amave dros politikur aqsiomadaciqca da bibliis teqstebma yovel sasamarTloSi kanonis Zala miiRo~. 225qarTuli samarTlis istoriis calkeuli sakiTxebi ganxiluli aqvs m. broses(`saqarTvelos istoria, naw. 1-2, Targmani s. RoRoberiZisa~, tf. 1895-1900), p.ioselians (Rhfnrfz bcnjhbz Uhepbycrjq Wthrdb^ CG


56 mitropoliti anania jafariZeTb., 1994). ucxoel avtorebs - maqsime kovalskis (Pfrjy b j,bxfq yf Rfdrfpf^ 1886),v. sokolskis, vl. beneSeviCs (D& Cjrjkcrbb (Uhtrj-hbvcrjt ghfdj d ekj;tybb uhepbycrjujwfhz Df[nfyuf VI (:ehy& vby& yfh& ghjcd& 1897^ IX^ c& 56^ 93)$ Dk&


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli57saeklesio samarTlis werilobiTi wyaroebis Sesaxeb`saqarTvelos saeklesio krebebSi~ Sevida 15 sakanonmdeblo da 21 mimdinarekreba (IV-XVIII ss.), am krebaTagan zogierTma gamosca sakanonmdeblo samarTlebriviaqti, romelTac epoqaTa Sesabamisad ewodebaT `Zegliswera~, `Zeglis dadeba~,`samarTali~, `mcnebaY sasjuloY~, `kanonni~, `xeliTwerili~, `dawerili~, `ganCineba~,`sigeli~, `moxseneba~, `sakanonos wigni~ da sxv. saeklesio krebebis miergamocemuli samarTlis Zeglebi Tan erTvis naSromis Sesabamis paragrafs.1. ruis-urbnisis krebis teqsti daibeWda i. doliZis `qarTuli samarTlisZeglebi~ III tomidan. i. doliZe, rogorc cnobilia, iyo qarTuli saeklesiosamarTlis wyaroebis udidesi mcodne XX s-Si. mas ruis-urbnisis krebis teqstidabeWdili aqvs ori uZvelesi nusxis A-76 da Rt, VI, N5 (III)-is mixedviT. yofili`saeklesio muzeumis xelnawerTa fondis~ (A), amJamad ki xelnawerTa institutisfondSi daculi A-76 warmoadgens krebuls, dawerilia qaRaldze XII s-is nusxiT.masSi ruis-urbnisis krebis Zeglisweras 238-248 gverdebi uWiravs.amave A-76 nusxas iyenebs e. gabiZaSvili `didi sjulis-kanonis~ 1975 wliskritikulad dadgenil teqstSi. qarTuli kanonikuri samarTlis aRniSnulimniSvnelovani Zegli (`Zegliswera~) gamocemuli i. doliZisa da e. gabiZaSvilismier Cvens mier Sepirispirebulia erTmaneTTan, amis gamo teqstSi muxlebi davyaviTe. gabiZaSvilis dayofis mixedviT.2. `Zeglis dadebis~ teqsti (mefe giorgi brwyinvalis droindeli Zegli)ibeWdeba i. doliZis gamocemis 228 mixedviT, romelsac safuZvlad udevs xelnaweriS3683. teqsti Sepirispirebulia e. TayaiSvilis mier aRmoCenil XVII s-isxelnawerTan (H3094).3. beqas da aRbuRas samarTali, bagrat kurapalatis, e.w. `kanonikurisamarTlis~ muxlebi, `samarTali kaTalikozTa~, `vaxtangis samarTlis~ muxlebiibeWdeba i. doliZis gamocemis mixedviT, 228 romelic eyrdnoba TviT vaxtang VIismier naredaqtirev xelnawers (S3683).4. `mcnebaY sasjuloY~ ibeWdeba i. doliZis 229 mixedviT. eyrdnoba or xelnawers:cssa f. 1448, sab. #5020, dedani da xelnawerTa institutis Sd 2920 piri.5. `ganCineba saeklesio krebisa samonastro wesis da rigis Taobaze~ ibeWdebai. doliZis 229 mixedviT. eyrdnoba xelnawerTa institutis Ad340.6. `kanoni~ 1748 w. krebisa, ibeWdeba i. doliZis 229 mixedviT. eyrdnobaxelnawerTa institutis Q412 krebuls. sabuTs krebulis 1-8 gverdebi uWiravs.krebuli gadawerilia 1755 w.7. `xelwerili~ imereTis 1759 w. krebisa. ibeWdeba T. Jordanias qronikebis IIItomidan (1967 w.).8. dadgenileba saeklesio krebisa (1762 w.) ibeWdeba i. doliZis 229 mixedviT.eyrdnoba xelnawerTa institutis Ad856; `mcneba mRudelTaTvis~ i. doliZisqsZ t. III. xelnawerTa institutis A317 krebuls; maqsime kaTalikosismcnebani~, cssa f. 1448.228`qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi~, t I, 1963; 229 `qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebis~, t. III, 1970.


58 mitropoliti anania jafariZe9. sigeli bagrat mefisa opizar mijnaZorel mamebisadmi (quTaisis saeklesiokreba 1058) ibeWdeba `qarTuli istoriuli sabuTebis korpusi~-s 230 mixedviT.eyrdnoba xelnawerTa institutis Sd1201 etrats.10 `saqarTvelos eklesiis Seuvalobis ganaxlebis sigeli giorgi III-sa~ (TbilisisI saeklesio kreba, 1178) ibeWdeba i. doliZis qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebis~ (t.II, 1965) mixedviT, esaa xelnawerTa institutis Ad15 dedani, etrati pirveladgamosca T. Jordaniam (qronikebi I).11. dawerili etifane kaTalikosisa `anel xucesTa sargos ganwesebis Sesaxeb~(anisis Sekreba, 1218), ibeWdeba i. doliZis `qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebis~ (t. III,1970) mixedviT. teqsti gadmobeWdilia n. maris gamocemidan Bpdtcnbz BvgthfnjhcrjqFrfltvbb Yfer^ 1910^ c& 1473-1439&12. ganCineba saeklesio krebisa `SiomRvimis Seuvalobis Sesaxeb~ (SiomRvimissaeklesio kreba XIII s-is 40-iani wlebi), ibeWdeba i. doliZis 229 mixedviT.xelnaweri dakargulia, gamoqveynebulia T. Jordanias mier (SiomRvimis sabuTebi, gv.50-52).13. moxseneba saqarTvelos saeklesio krebisa mefisadmi (mcxeTis saeklesio kreba1263). ibeWdeba qarTuli istoriuli sabuTebis korpusi I (IX-XIII ss) mixedviT,romelic eyrdnoba saqarTvelos centraluri saistorio arqivis (cssa 1448-6501)xelnawers.14. samTavisis samwysos sakanonos wigni grigol samTavnelisadmi (samTavisissaeklesio kreba, 1459), ibeWdeba i. doliZis `qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi~ (t. III.1970), eyrdoba xelnawerTa institutis Ad559 da Ad604 xelnawerebs. daTariRebuliai. doliZis mier.15. `debulebebi~ gadmoRebulia Semowmebuli egzempliarebidan _a) `debulebani, miRebuli saqarTvelos 1917 wlis saeklesio krebaze~, tfilisi,stamba `cxovreba~, gabaanT Sesaxvevi, N4, 1917 w;b) `saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeoba~, 1920;g) `debuleba saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvis~, tfilisi, 1928;d) `debuleba saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvis~, 1945 w. (amegzempliarSi orTografiuli Secdomebi gasworebulia k.p. kalistrates mier);e) `saqarTvelos avtokefaluri, marTlmadidebeli eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisdebuleba~, mcxeTa, sveticxoveli, 1995.230qarT. ist. sab. korpusi, Seadgines da gamosacemad moamzades T. enuqiZem, v. silagavam, n.SoSiaSvilma, Tb. 1984, gv. 32


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli59nawili pirvelisaeklesio samarTlis wyaroebi


60 mitropoliti anania jafariZe


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli61Tavi pirvelimsoflio saeklesio kanonebi, krebulebi da ganmartebanisaqarTvelos saeklesio samarTliswyaroebi mTlianad aris gamomavali msoflioeklesiis samarTlis saerTowyarodan, amitomac zogadad SevexebiTmaT. movitanT vrcel amonaridebs ukanaskneldros gamocemuli qarTuli darusuli saeklesio literaturidan. samarTliswyaroebs yofen or mTavar jgufad:pirvelSi igulisxmeba pirebi dainstitutebi, romelTac Seqmnes samarTlisnormebi, meore ki warmoadgens dokumentebsada Zeglebs, romlebSic gadmocemuliaaRniSnuli normebi.axali aRTqmis, anu qristianuli eklesiissamarTali efuZneba eklesiis mowyobisda saeklesio wesrigis SenarCunebisSesaxeb wmida werilSi gadmocemul iesoqristes swavlebas.qristes mcnebebi warmoadgens eklesiisswavlebisa da cxovrebis qvakuTxeds.ufalma daadgina saeklesio naTlobissaidumlo (mT. 28, 19), evqaristiis saidumlo(luka 22, 19), sinanulis saidumloda mociqulTa mier codvaTa axsnisufleba (mT. 18, 18), macxovarma mianiWasamRvdeloebas ufleba ecxovra samwysosxarjiT (luka 10, 7). qristemdaawesa swavleba qorwinebis Sesaxeb (mT.19, 5-6,9), mianiWa ufleba eklesias mosamarTleobisaSemcode Zmebis mimarT (mT.18, 15-17), dagvitova mcneba saxelmwifoxelisuflebasTan Cveni damokidebulebisSesaxeb (mT. 22, 21).qristes mcnebaTa garda, saeklesiosamarTlis wyaroa agreTve mociqulTanawerebi, gadmocemulni wmida werilSi(mociqulTagan ki miiRes eklesiis mamebma):episkoposTa da diakonTa SesaxebsamarTlebrivi mcnebebi da dadgenilebebi(I tim. 3, 1-13), wesi Tu rogorisaxis unda iyos samRvdeloeba (titesmimarT epistole, agreTve I tim. 3, 2-7). morwmuneTa valdebuleba daemorCilonmwyemss (ebr. 13, 17). saeklesio Temisvaldebuleba mwyemsis arCevisa (I kor.9, 13-14). swavleba qorwinebis Sesaxeb


62 mitropoliti anania jafariZe(kolas. 3, 18-21; I petr 3, 1-2; I kor.7, 10-13; I kor. 7, 40). zeTis cxebisSesaxeb (iak. 5, 14-15), SemcodeTa mimarTmopyrobis Sesaxeb (II efes. 3, 6),mociqulTa mier mocemulia wesi sasulieropiris mimarT saCivris miRebisa (Itim. 5, 19), saxelmwifo xelisuflebasTanurTierTobis Sesaxeb (rom. 13, 1-7), sxva sarwmunoebis pirTan damokidebulebisSesaxeb (I kor. 5, 9-10, 12-13).pirvelwyaros saeklesio samarTlisawarmoadgens saRvTo mcnebebi. isini warmoadgenssaZirkvels saeklesio mowyobisada saxelmZRvanelos eklesiisaTvis.maTi daxmarebiT aRasrulebs eklesiaTavis misias _ xsnisa. es mcnebebi,rogorc iTqva, mocemulia wmida weril-Si. eklesias dadgenili aqvs Zveli daaxali aRTqmis wmida wignebis nusxa.qristianebisaTvis savaldebuloa mosesmier mocemuli RvTis aTi mcneba. sruliZala SeinarCuna, agreTve, sisxlis-aRreviTiqorwinebis ZvelaRTqmiseulmaakrZalvam. rogorc aRiniSna, eklesiisaTvissayovelTaod savaldebuloaqristes mcnebaTa dacva, axali aRTqmasaeklesio samarTlis umTavresi wyaroa,eklesiis wmida mamebma, romelTa gonebaganaTlebuli iyo suli wmidis madliT,mogvces wmida werilis anu RvTis sityvisganmarteba. amitomac mamaTa swavleba_ eklesiis swavlebaa. uflis mieruwyebuli saRmrTo da wmida werili undaganimartos ara nebismierad, aramedrogorc ganmarta igi wmida eklesiam daicavs Tavis mier gamocemuli kanonebiT.saeklesio samarTali, romlis mixedvi-Tac aris mowyobili saeklesio cxovreba,warmoadgens kanonebis sistematur gadmocemas.kanoni _ saeklesio cxovrebiswesia, disciplinaruli dadgenilebebi mociqulebisa,krebebisa da wmida mamebisa.saeklesio samarTlis Cvenamde moRweuliuZvelesi wyaroa `swavleba 12 mociqulisa(`didaqe~). ekuTvnis I da II ss-Ta mijnas. masSi ar moixseniebian mRvdlebi(presviterebi), saubaria mxolod episkoposebsada diakvnebze, mogzaur mociqulebze,winaswarmetyvelebsa da maswavleblebze.amJamad, kopturi da eTiopuri eklesiebissamarTalSi gamoiyeneba III s-isegvipteSi Sedgenili krebuli `wmida mociqulebissaeklesio kanonebi~. III s-SivegamoCnda `didaskalia~ (mociqulTa darigeba),sxvaa `mociqulTa dadgenileba~,romelic gamoCnda III s-is dasasrulsa daIV s-is dasawyisSi, romelsac, amJamad,eklesiaSi ar aqvs iuridiuli Zala, samagierod,amJamad, marTlmadidebeli eklesiiskanonikuri kodeqsi, miRebuli mociqul-Ta mier ierusalimis 45 wlis krebaze,gamoCnda IV s-Si. esaa `mociqulTa kanonebi~,is ZvelTaganve miCneulia mociqul-Ta gadmocemis nawilad. marTlmadidebelieklesiis kanonikur kodeqsSi Sevida samiwmida mamis - wm. dionises, wm. petrealeqsandrielisa da grigol neokesarielsaswaulmoqmedis kanonebi.nikeamdel epoqaSi qristianuli TemebiepiskoposTa mier imarTebodnen wmidawerilSi gadmocemuli da mociqulTa mierdadgenili normebiT. eklesiis erToba miiRweodasaeklesio Temebs Soris cocxaliurTierTobiT. sarwmunoebrivi erTobismiuxedavad, zogierT Tems hqonda TavisisaRvTismsaxuro gansxvavebuloba da gansakuTrebulisamarTlis normebi. gaugebrobisada sadavo sakiTxebis aRmosafxvreladsaeklesio Temebis warmomadgenlebiiwvevdnen saeklesio krebebs. miRebulikrebis gansazRvrebebs mrgvlivmosavleliepistoles saxiT ugzavnidnenim eklesiasac, romelTa warmomadgenlebicam krebaSi ar monawileobdnen. epistoleebiexeboda, ZiriTadad, saeklesio-sakanonmdeblosakiTxebs. zogierTi kanonikuriepistole iRebda savaldebulo iuridiulsaxes da iqceoda saerTo saeklesiosamarTlis wyarod.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli63msoflio saeklesio krebebi da maTi kanonebiI msoflio saeklesio kreba mowveuliqna q. nikeaSi, 325 wels, romis imperatoris- konstantine I didis (306-337)sagangebo brZanebiT da am krebasTan dakav-Sirebuli yvela xarjic Tavad imperatormagaiRo. `krebis ZiriTadi mizani iyo oficialuridadgenilebis gamotana, qristianobis,rogorc saxelmwifoebrivad aRiarebulisarwmunoebis Sesaxeb, romelic Tavisiarsebobis pirveli xanebidan IV s-isdasawyisSic ki mkacrad idevneboda da,amasTan, ganxilva im umTavresi dogmatikurkanonikurida ierarqiul-administraciulisakiTxebisa, romlebic im xanebSi er-Tob mwvaved ismoda da romelTa mogvareba-mowesrigebaniSnavda qristianobis ukve,rogorc saxelmwifo religiis Zlierebasada mis Semdgom ganviTarebas mTel saqristianomsoflioSi. krebas eswrebodnenrogorc romis imperiaSi Semaval qristianulorganizaciaTa warmomadgenlebi(ZiriTadad, episkoposebi), aseve mis farglebsgareT arsebul, sxva saxelmwifoTaqristianul organizaciaTa warmomadgenlebic.krebaze monawileoba miiRo 300-mdeepiskoposma da dabali xarisxis warmomadgenelma.krebas eswreboda sul 318 mama.kreba, romelic evstaTi antioqielisTavmjdomareobiT grZeldeboda or-naxevarTves, 19 ivnisidan 25 agvistomde, mimdinareobdaeklesiis sasaxlis erT-erTpalataSi. krebaze nebadarTuli iyo saeropirebis daswrebac da darbazSi zogjer2000-mde kaci iyrida Tavs. darbazis irgvlividga savarZlebi episkoposebisaTvis,xolo SuaSi ki magidaze esvena saRmrTowerili (biblia). imperatori konstantineTavad eswreboda xolme sxdomebs dazogjer maT sityviTac xsnida.krebis ganxilvis erT-erT umTavressakiTxs warmoadgenda ariozis mwvalebluriazris uaryofa - ieso qristes araRv-Taebriobis Sesaxeb. ariozi daJinebiT icavdaTavis crumoZRvrebas da, ambobda, rom- iyo dro, roca Ze RvTisa ar imyofeboda(e.i. `ar iyo Sobili uwinares yovelTasaukuneTa~) da igi aris qmnilebao (amitomaris mrwamsSi mimatebuli sityvebi `Sobilida ara qmnili~). ariozis moZRvrebasmxars uWerda zogierTi episkoposi,rogorebic iyvnen: evsevi nikodimieli,Teognosti nikieli da marisi qalkedoneli.sajaro paeqrobaSi dasaxelebulimwvaleblebi damarcxdnen. maTi moZRvrebisuaryofaSi didi roli iTamaSes wm. nikolozmironlukiis mTavarepiskoposma, wm.spiridon trimifuntelma, aleqsandrieliepiskoposis diakvanma wm. aTanasem da sxvebma.krebam erTxmad daadgina mwvalebelariozis da mis TanamoazreTa eklesiidangankveTa, romlebmac TavianTi Secdomebiar moinanies. krebaze SemuSavda sarwmunoebissimbolos (kredos), anu rogorcqarTulad ewodeba - mrwamsis (warmoebuli- mrwamsis pirveli sityvidan `mrwams~)teqsti (sarwmunoebis simbolosteqsti Seivso, dazustda da misi sabolooredaqcia miRebul da damtkicebul iqnakonstantinopolis II msoflio krebaze). 228nikeis krebam dRis wesrigSi daayena aseveaRdgomis dResaswaulis sakiTxic da dadginda,rom igi unda idResaswaulebodes erTdrouladyvela eklesiaSi, e.i. gazafxulismTvaris Sevsebis Semdeg pirvelsave kviras. 229krebaze damswre episkoposTa erT nawilssurda daekanonebina mRvdlebisa da diakvnebisuqorwinebloba, magram am wamoyenebuliwinadadebis winaaRmdeg mkacradgailaSqra episkoposma pafnutim da krebasmiuTiTa, rom `vaiTu gadametebuli simkacriTziani mivayenoT eklesiaso~, krebam,bWobis Semdeg, mRvdlebisa da diakvnebisdauqorwineblobis Sesaxeb wamoyenebuli azriuaryo da gaiziara pafnutis Sexeduleba.228saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1974, gv. 130.


64 mitropoliti anania jafariZekrebam, aseve daamtkica ama Tu im eklesiismTavar warmomadgenelTa ierarqiulida administraciuli normebi, urTierT-Soris pativisa da uflebrivi mdgomareobisSesaxeb. krebam gamosca sul 20 kanoni~.krebis dadgenilebis 20-ve muxli krebismonawile episkoposebis mier maT eparqiebSi,- Tav-TavianTi qveynebis mixedviT,- ecnoba yvela eklesias. 229II msoflio saeklesio kreba mowveuliqna konstantinopolSi, 381 wlis maisSiimperator Teodoris brZanebiT. kreba,romelsac eswreboda 150 episkoposi, gaixsnawmida meleti antioqielis TavmjdomareobiT,romlis gardacvalebis Semdeg krebisTavmjdomareoba daevala grigoliRvTismetyvels da bolos konstantinopolelepiskopos neqtarioss. krebam ganixilamakedonis da mis TanamoazreTa mwvalebluriswavleba, romelic uaryofda suliwmidis RvTaebriobas.sarwmunoebis simbolos, grigoliRvTismetyvelis miTiTebiT, wmida mamebmadaamates zogierTi gamoTqma Ze RvTisaze,moZRvreba wmida sulze (`da suli wmidaufali da cxovelsmyofeli~...), eklesiiserTianobaze (`erTi wmida kaTolike~...),naTlobis saidumloze (`aRviareb erTsanaTlisRebasa...~) da mkvdreTiT aRdgomaze(`moveli aRdgomasa~...).krebam, romelmac SeimuSava da daamtkica7 kanoni, makedoni da misi Tanamoazreniganiota, e.i. gankveTa.amave wlis 3 seqtembers, akvileiSiambros mediolanelis TavmjdomareobiT mimdinareobdasami mitropolitis (milanis,akvileis da sirmiis episkoposTa) kreba, -ariozelTa moZRvrebis dasagmobad. krebamdaadastura nikeis krebis dadgenilebanida gansakuTrebiT gausva xazi Ze RmerTismaradiulobis, misi RvTaebrivi bunebis damama RmerTTan Tanatolobis moZRvrebas. 229II msoflio krebam gamosca epistole,romelic Semdeg dayves 7 kanonad. me-3kanons romis eklesia uaryofs, radgan amme-3 kanonSi amaRlebulia konstantinopolisepiskoposis Rirseba romis episkoposisdarad: `radgan konstantinopoliaxali romia~, e.i. mefis qalaqia (II ms.krebis me-3 kanoni).cnobilia, rom romSi kaTedrebis RirsebasakavSirebdnen ara qalaqebis politikurmniSvnelobasTan, aramed maTi Temis samociqulowarmoSobasTan, amitomac diptiq-Si pirvel adgilze ayenebdnen romis,aleqsandriis da antioqiis eklesiebs,romelnic mociqul petres da misi mowafismarkozis mier iyvnen dafuZnebulni. romaeliepiskoposebi ramdenime aswleulismanZilze jiutad ewinaaRmdegebodnen konstantinopoliskaTedris amaRlebas~. 230III msoflio saeklesio kreba Sedgaq. efesoSi, 431 wels, imperator Teodosimciris (408-450) mowveviT. krebas eswreboda200 episkoposi. 7 ivnisisaTvisdaniSnuli kreba, damabrkolebeli mizezebisagamo, gaixsna 22 ivniss, yovladwmidaRvTismSoblis taZarSi, romlis Sua,amaRlebul adgilas esvena wmida saxareba.krebas Tavmjdomareobda kirilealeqsandrieli; krebis ganxilvis sagansSeadgenda konstantinopolis mTavarepiskoposis- nestoris mwvalebluri azrisuaryofa, romelic amtkicebda, rom mariammadabada kaci, romelsac mere SeuerTdamadliT sityva RvTisa, ase rom, mariamiar iyo RvTis mSobelio. nestori,miuxedavad oTxgzis miwvevisa, krebaze argamocxadebula. mas mxars uWerdnen zogierTiepiskoposi da mefis uwarCinebulesipirebi (didebulebi). krebaze sajarodiqna wakiTxuli sarwmunoebis simbolo damisi Zveli, nineuri varianti. krebam229`saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1978, gv. 174-176; ix. agreTve: Ghfdbkf Cdzns[ Fgjcnjkjd^Cdzns[ Cj,jhjd Dctktycrb[ b Gjvtcnys[ b Cdzns[ Jnwjd c njkmrjdfytvb$ 2& V& 1912^ c& 5^ saqarTveloseklesiis kalendari, 1974, gv. 131; `mociqulTa, msoflio da adgilobrivi saeklesio krebebisa dawmida mamaTa kanonTa komentarebi~, saRvTismetyvelo krebuli, 1987, #1, gv. 43; dogmatur-istoriulisakiTxebi: a) msoflio saeklesio krebebis mokle kursi Sedgenili a. lebedevis “Âñåëåíñêèåñîáîðû”, ò. III, 1896, ò. IV, 1904-is mixedviT; b) dogmaturi RvTismetyvelebis mokle kursi Sedgeniliarqiepiskopos filaretis “Ïðàâîñëàâíèå äîãìàòè÷åñêîå áîãîñëîâèå” 1882-is mixedviT g. ruxaZismier, Tb. 1994; 230 saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1974, gv. 132.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli65moismina kirile aleqsandrielis kamaTinestoris winaaRmdeg da am ukanasknelisTxzuleba. krebam erTsulovnad scno wm.kiriles mier moyvanili argumentebis SeTanxmebulobanikeis (325 w.) krebis aRsarebasTan,xolo nestoris axsna-ganmartebaniki crumoZRvrebad.krebis monawile wmida mamaTa mierkrebam damatebiT moismina saRmrTo werilidandamowmebuli adgilebi RvTis sityvis(logosis) ganxorcielebis Sesaxeb,- eretikosebi damxobilad gamoacxades.krebam Tavisi dadgenileba, meore dResve(23 ivniss) ganucxada nestors da werilobiTacnoba imperators.krebaze, sxva sakiTxTan erTad gairCakviproseli episkoposis - reginis saCivari- ioane antioqiel episkoposze; esukanaskneli cdilobda kviprosis kunZulisTavisadmi daqvemdebarebas, miuxedavadimisa, rom kviprosis eklesias mociqulTadroidan marTavda damoukidebeliepiskoposi, romelic kunZulis episkoposTamier iyo arCeuli, rasac, rogorckanonikur aqts, ganamtkicebda nikeis krebisis dadgenilebac, romlis mixedviTyvela eklesias (farTo cnebiT) Senar-Cunebuli hqonda sakuTari upiratesobamarTva-gamgeobis mxriv.sagulisxmoa, rom 8 ivniss, romliswina dResac efesos krebis gaxsna iyo navaraudevi,zemoxsenebuli ioane antioqieli,SeTanxmda episkoposTa erT nawilTanda erToba ganucxada nestors. maT calkemoiwvies kreba, razedac kirile aleqsandrielieretikosad, xolo misi kreba kiukanonod gamoacxades. moxda is, rom amorive krebis dadgenilebebi imperatorserTdroulad miuvida fostiT. imperatormaTavdapirvelad ganizraxa nestorisa dakiriles patimrobaSi ayvana, magram malegaecno saqmis namdvil viTarebas da wm.kiriles TavmjdomareobiT Catarebulimsoflio krebis yvela dadgenileba daamtkica(seqtemberSi), xolo nestori antioqiismaxloblad mdebare erT-erT monasterSiCaamwyvdia. efesos krebam gamosca 8kanoni da 1 epistole pamfiliis krebisadmi(mcire aziaSi iyo), romelic me-9kanonad iwodeba~. 231IV msoflio saeklesio krebamowveul iqna q. qalkidonSi, 451 wels.kreba, romelsac Tavmjdomareobda konstantinopolelianatoli, - gaixsna 8 oqtombersda dasrulda 1 noembers. krebazemonawileobas iRebda saqristiano msoflios630 episkoposi.krebis ganxilvis umTavres sakiTxsSeadgenda konstantinopoleli arqimandritis- evtiqis mwvalebluri swavlebisuaryofa. evtiqi amtkicebda, rom iesoqristeSi iyo mxolod erTi RvTaebrivibuneba da erTi nebisyofa. kacis buneba dakacis nebisyofa ki CanTqmuli iyo RvTaebrivibunebisa da nebisyofis miero. amswavlas ewodeba monofizitoba (berZ.), anuerTbunebianoba. krebaze wakiTxul iqna paplevis werili, romelSic gadmocemuliadogmati, rom `ieso qriste aris WeSmaritiRmerTi da WeSmariti kaci, Cveni msgavsi,codvis gareSe; ganxorcielebisas masaqvs erTi piri da ori buneba, SeerTebulimasSi erTpirad, Seurevnelad da ganuyofelad~.IV msoflio krebam `romelsacZegl marTlmadideblobisa~ ewoda, ganaCina,aRiaros qristeSi SeerTeba or bunebaTa:ganuyoflad, ganuyrelad, Seurevnelad dauqcevelad. 1) ganuyoflad - e.i. ori bunebaSeerTebuli qristeSi, ar Seadgens calkearsebul pirovnebas, aramed orive bunebaSeerTebulia erTgvamovnad. 2) ganuyrelad- e.i. SeerTeba ori bunebisa, dawyebuliRvTis sityvis ganxorcielebis pirvel wamidanve,gagrZelda da grZeldeba maradis.kacoba iesoSi arasodes ar yofila gansakuTrebulpirovnebad, aramed miRebuliyo misi RvTaebriobis pirovnebis erTobaSierT gvamovnebad. 3) Seurevnelad -e.i. ori buneba ieso qristeSi ar SereulaerTmaneTSi ise, rom maTgan Semdgariyomesame buneba, aramed orive buneba imyofebamasSi, rogorc ori sxvadasxvagvari buneba.231saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1978, gv. 177-178; saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1974, gv. 132.


66 mitropoliti anania jafariZe4) uqcevelad - e.i. RvTis Zisagan kacuribunebis miRebiT ar Secvlila arc RvTaebrivida arc kacuri buneba, arc RvTaebrivibuneba qceula kacurad, arc kacuriRvTaebrivad. TiToeuli buneba, SeerTebisSemdegac, darCa ucvalebelad da mTelad.krebam evtiqi da misi Tanamoazreni(monofizitebi) ganiota, e.i. gankveTa, qristianulmsoflioSi maT swavlas misdevssomexTa eklesia.krebam gamosca sul 30 kanoni. 231V msoflio saeklesio krebamowveul iqna iustiniane I-is (527-565)brZanebiT, konstantinopolSi 553 wels.krebam muSaoba daiwyo 4 maiss da daamTavra2 ivniss. misi pirveli sxdoma Sedga patriarqissasaxlis erT-erT darbazSi, wm.sofiis maxloblad. Tavmjdomareobda patriarqievtiqi. krebas eswreboda sul165 mama. imperators surda Seerigebinamonofizitebi (e.i. erTbunebianebi) da diofizitebi(e.i. orbunebianebi), anu mar-Tlmadideblebi. monofizitebi Serigebispirobad sakiTxs ayenebdnen sam sasulieropirze, romlebic IV krebaze iqnen gasamarTlebulni.eseni iyvnen: Teodore mofsueteli,iva edeseli da Teodorite kvireli.krebaze sazeimod iqna damtkicebulira qalkidonis krebis yvela dadgenileba,mimdinare krebis me-5 da me-8 sxdomebze,daamxes zemoxsenebuli monofizitebi damaTi Txzulebani, romlebiTac isininestoris crumoZRvrebas esarClebodnen.amasTan erTad krebam daamtkica wina msofliokrebaTa dadgenilebanic. 232VI msoflio saeklesio krebamowveul iqna imperator konstantine po-Ronatis (668-685) brZanebiT 680 wels,qalaq konstantinopolSi. krebas eswreboda168 mama. krebis mizani iyo mwvalebelmonoTelitebis damxoba, romlebicmonofizitebis Semdeg gaCndnen da saxelmwifoSireligiur ganxeTqilebas qmnidnen.isini amtkicebdnen, rom ieso qristeSiiyo erTi, RvTaebrivi nebisyofa.`aman wmidaman krebaman sarwmunoebiTda mowled Seiwynara ebistole wmidisada netarisa agaTon hromTa papisaY, moweriliRvTismsaxurisa mefisa... konstantinesa,romelsa Sina weril ars saxeldebiTgankueTaY da ganyraY yovelTaY, romelTaqadages erTi nebaY da erTi saqme gankacebisagangebulebasa Sina qristes RmrTisaCuenisasa egreTve saxed~ (mcire sjuliskanonidan).232trulis krebis kanonebi. V da VImsoflio krebebze ganixileboda mxoloddogmaturi sakiTxebi da disciplinarulikanonebi mas ar gamoucia, magram VI msofliokrebidan 10 wlis Semdeg, 691 wlis1 seqtembers imperator iustiniane II-ismowveviT sasaxlis trulis (`gumbaTis~)palataSi Seikriba 227 mama konstantinopolis,aleqsandriis, antioqiis, ierusalimispatriarqebisa da romis papis legatebisTavmjdomareobiT. krebis sxdomebi gagr-Zelda zustad 1 weli, 692 wlis 31 agvistomdeda Tavisi moRvaweoba gamoamzeurasaeklesio-disciplinaruli kanonebiT.am V-VI-ed wodebuli krebis 102 kanonsmarTlmadideblur eklesiaSi aqvs msofliokrebaTa kanonebis avtoriteti. 232VII msoflio saeklesio kreba Sedga787 wels, q. nikeaSi. gagrZelda 1 weliwadi.krebas eswreboda sul 367 episkoposi.qristianeTa ukanaskneli devnagamowveuli iyo xatTa Tayvaniscemis gamoda xsenebuli krebis mizanic xatTa TayvaniscemisaRdgeniT gamoixateboda. xatTaTayvaniscemisaTvis qristianTa devna, iyoukanaskneli da xangrZlivi. nikeis krebam,romelmac gamosca 22 kanoni, ganamtkicaxatTa Tayvaniscema. 233amis Semdeg, 843 wels, konstantinopolisadgilobrivma krebam, romelic moiwviesbizantiis mcirewlovanma keisarmamiqael III-m (842-867) da dedamisma Teodoram,anaTema gamoucxada yvela xatmebrZolsda xatTayvaniscemis saboloo zeimiaRiniSna (saq. ekl. kal., 1974, gv. 133).232saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1978, gv. 177-178; saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1974, gv.132; 233 iqve, gv. 177-178; iqve, gv. 132.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli67adgilobrivi krebebis kanonebiori adgilobrivi kreba, romelTakanonebi Sevida marTlmadidebluri eklesiiskanonikur kodeqsSi, Sedga I msofliokrebamde. pirveli maTgani iyo ankirisa.moiwvies 314 w. galateas provinciismTavar qalaqSi.kesaria-kapadokiaSi 314 welsave Sedgakreba, daaxloebiT 319 wels ki neokesariiskreba moiwvies, daaxloebiT 340wels Sedga Rangris (gangris) kreba, maTikanonebis Semdeg kanonikur krebulSi Sedisantioqiis krebis 25 kanoni. antioqiisaRniSnuli krebis (daaxl. 330-340ww.) kanonebis Semdeg kanonikur kodeqs-Si Sesulia 60 kanoni laodikiis krebisa.aqvea sardikiis 343-344 wlebis, karTagenis(419) kanonebis da konstantinopolis394 wlis dadgenileba.patriarq fotis saxelTanaa dakavSirebulikonstantinopolis sami kreba: 861,869 da 879 wlebisa. pirvelma maTganma,orgzisma, Semdgarma wm. mociqulebis taZarSiimperator mixeil III-isa, papislegatebisa da 318 episkoposis monawileobiT,daamtkica wm. fotis arCeva sapatriarqokaTedraze da wm. ignatis damxoba.869 wlis krebam papis moTxovniTgaauqma wina krebis dadgenileba, gamoacxadawm. fotis gadadgoma da dedaqalaqiskaTedraze ignatis aRdgena. 879 wlis konstantinopoliskreba moiwvies wm. sofiistaZarSi. mas Tavmjdomareobda sapatriarqoRirsebaSi aRdgenili wm. foti ukvewm. ignatis sikvdilis Semdeg. krebaSimonawileobda 383 mama aRmosavleTisa dadasavleTis eklesiebisa. krebam aRadginagawyvetili urTierToba aRmosavluri dadasavluri eklesiebisa.TiToeulma am krebam gamosca kanonebi.kaTolikuri eklesia aRiarebs 869wlis krebas, rogorc VIII msoflios.amis sapirispirod marTlmadidebeli eklesiakanonikur mniSvnelobas aniWebsmxolod orgzisi krebis kanonebs daagreTve wm. sofiis taZris krebas dauaryofs 869 wlis krebas. orgzismakrebam gamosca 17, wm. sofiis taZriskrebam 3 kanoni. 234234D& F& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ V&^ 1994^ c& 61&


68 mitropoliti anania jafariZewmida mamaTa kanonebikanonikur krebebSi msgavsad nikeemdeliepoqis wm. mamebis kanonebisa, Sevidaaseve kanonebi cxra mamisa, romelTac ixsenebstrulis krebis me-2 kanoni. esenia:wm. wm. aTanase didi, basili didi, grigoliRvTismetyveli, grigoli noseli, amfiloqeikonieli, kirile aleqsandrieli,genadi konstantinopoleli, agreTvetimoTe da Teofile aleqsandrielebi dakanonikuri epistole wm. tarasi konstantinopolelisa,romelic iyo ukve truliskrebis Semdeg.wm. aTanase didi (+372) - mebrZolinikeis rwmenisa, marTlmadideblobis mamadwodebuli, avtori dogmatikuri, apologetikurida polemikuri Txzulebebisa. kanonikurkrebulSi Sevida misi 3 epistole.wm. basili didis (+379) kanonebi gansakuTrebuladmniSvnelovania saeklesiosamarTlisaTvis. wm. basili aRizarda qristianulojaxSi, ganaTleba aTenSi miiRo.egviptis, siriis, palestinisa da mesopotamiismonastrebis molocvis Semdegwmidani ganmartovda Tavis megobar grigolinazianzelTan erTad udabur adgilas,saidanac 370 w. miiwvies saepiskoposo samsaxurisaTviskesaria-kapadokiaSi. wm. basilimeTaurobda marTlmadidebel episkoposebspontos diocezisa da mTeli aRmosavleTisarianuli da naxevrad arianulieresis winaaRmdeg sabrZolvelad. basili didisdogmatikuri Txzulebani, rogorc nawerebiwm. aTanase da wm. grigoli RvTismetyvelisa,gaxda safuZveli marTlmadidebluri trinitaruliRvTismetyvelebisa. kanonikur krebeb-Si Sevida 92 kanoni wm. basilisa.wm. grigol noseli (+395), umcrosiZma basili didisa, cnobilia Tavisi daxvewilisaRvTismetyvelo da filosofiuriganaTlebiTa da moSurneobiT WeSmaritebisdacvisaTvis cruswavlebisagan.kanonikur krebulSi Sevida misi 1 epistoledayofili 8 kanonad.wm. grigoli RvTismetyveli (+389), megobariiyo wm. basili kesarielisa. kanonikurkodeqsSi Sesulia misi leqsad daweriliCamonaTvali Zveli da axali aRTqmiswmida wignebisa.wm. amfiloqe ikonielis (+395)analogiuri Sinaarsis epistolea Sesulikanonikur krebulSi.wm. timoTes, aleqsandrieli mTavarepiskoposis(+385), wm. aTanases mowafis,18 pasuxia Sesuli saeklesio wyaroebiskrebulSi, es pasuxebi man gasca episkoposebisada samRvdeloebis kiTxvebs.wm. aleqsandrieli Teofiles 14 kanoniaSesuli kanonikur krebulSi. igi iyomdevneli wm. ioane oqropirisa, aleqsandriulisaRvTismetyvelo skola II-IV ss-Si yvela sxva saeklesio skolas aRematebodaTavisi swavlebiT. wm. kirile aleqsandrieli(+444) iyo mcveli marTlmadidebluriqristologiisa nestorianelTa eresisagan.kanonikur krebulSi moTavsebuliaagreTve epistole mTavarepiskoposgenadisa (+471), konstantinopolis 459wlis krebis mamebTan erTad simoniis Sesaxebda wm. tarasis, konstantinopolelipatriarqisa (+809), romis pap adrianesTanaseve simoniis Sesaxeb. wm. tarasis epistoleTimTavrdeba umTavresi kanonikurikrebuli marTlmadidebluri eklesiisa.zogierT umTavres krebulSi damatebiTSesulia wm. ioane mmarxvelis (+595) `kanonikoni~,SemdegSi damuSavebuli mRvdelmonazonmaTeos blastaris mier. igi iqca saxelmZRvanelodsasuliero pirebisaTvis (daCarTulia berZnul kanonikur krebulebSi:`pidalionsa~ da `aTenis sintagmaSi~). `pidalionis~zogierT krebulSi Sesulia wm.nikifore aRmsareblis (+818) kanonebi. 235235D& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ c& 61&


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli69kanonikuri krebulebimsoflio krebaTa epoqaSi arsebobdauxvi saeklesio kanonikuri masala, amangamoiwvia aucilebloba misi kodifikaciisa,Seiqmna krebulebi, romelTa daniSnulebaiyo, xeli Seewyo aRniSnuli masalispraqtikuli gamoyenebisaTvis.msoflio krebaTa epoqis krebulebi Sei-Zleba davyoT sam jgufad:1. kanonikurni, romelnic Seicavs mxolodsaeklesio kanonebs;2. samoqalaqo, romelnic Seicavs mxolodsaxelmwifo kanonebs saeklesiosaqmeTa Sesaxeb;3. Sereuli krebulebi, romlebic Seicavsrogorc erT, ise meore kanonebs _nomokanonebi (berZnuli sityvidan `nomo~_ sjuli (pfrjys) da `kanoni~ (amJamad`nomo~ iTargmneba, rogorc kanoni, magramCans, Zvel saqarTveloSi `nomo~ iTargmnebodarogorc `sjuli~, `kanoni~ ki saeklesiosjuli).kanonikur krebulebs yofdnen or tipad:qronologiurad, romelSic krebaTada mamaTa kanonebi qronologiuri mimdevrobiTiyo moyvanili da sistematurad, romel-Sic saeklesio-samarTlebrivi masala dajgufebuliiyo Tavebis, ganyofilebebis,rubrikeb-titulebis mixedviT.pirveli CvenTvis cnobili qronologiurikrebuli dakavSirebuliasaqarTvelos mezobel pontos diocezTan- e.w. pontos krebuli, masSi Sevidaankiris, kesariis da neokesariis krebebiskanonebi (Cemi azriT, Tu saqarTvelos uSualomezobel pontos diocezSi Rrma Seswavlisobieqti iyo saeklesio kanonikurisamarTali, CvenSic unda hqonodaT warmodgena,Tu praqtikuli gamoyeneba ara,aRniSnuli krebulis Sesaxeb).SemdgomSi, pontos krebuls daematasxva kanonebi IV-V ss-isa, qronologiuriSesabamisobis mixedviT. kerZod, gangrisa(Rangris) da antioqiis krebebisa, sinopsisi_ Semoklebuli gadmocema _ kanonebisa,gamocemulni aseve Cveni mezobelifrigiis provinciis krebebis mier, romelTacewodebodaT laodikiis krebis kanonebida bolos II msoflio krebis epistole,jer kidev kanonebad dauyofeli. amkrebuliT sargeblobdnen qalkedonis krebismamebi. IV msoflio krebam Tavisi 1-likanoniT daamtkica saerTo saeklesio avtoritetiam kodeqsisa, romelsac ewodaqalkedonis krebuli. gangra, frigia dalaodikia, rogorc aRiniSna, saqarTvelosmezoblad mdebareobdnen.Seqmnili iyo sxva qronologiuri krebulebi,magram qronologiur rigze dawyobilikanonebi mouxerxebeli iyo praqtikuligamoyenebis dros, ZneldebodamoZieba saWiro kanonisa, amitomac ukve VIs-dan gamoCnda saeklesio kanonebis pirveliberZnuli sistematuri krebuli, 60 titulovani(titlovani). masSi mTeli masaladalagebuli iyo 60 Tavad, anu titulad -Sinaarsis Sesabamisad.Cvenamde moaRwia presviter ioane sqolastikosis(ase uwodebdnen im drois advokatebs)sistemurma krebulma, romelsacuwoda `sinagoga saRmrTo da wmidakanonebisa dayofili 50 Tavad (titulad)~.VI-VII ss-Si konstantinopolSi gamoCndakanonebis axali krebuli `kanonikuri sintagma~- gayofili or nawilad. pirvelinawili - sistematuria, masSi mTeli masaladayofilia 14 rubrikad - titulad,romelnic, Tavis mxriv, dayofilia Tavebad.meore nawilSi igive kanonebi ganlagebuliaqronologiuri TanmimdevrobiT. cnobiliaagreTve sxva sistematuri krebulebic.romaulma samoqalaqo samarTalma, saeklesiosmsgavsad, adrebizantiur epoqaSiganicada kodificireba (kodifikacia). Sedgeniliqna sakanonmdeblo krebulebi, rom-


70 mitropoliti anania jafariZelebSic Sevida rogorc qristianobamdeliimperatorebis, ise qristiani imperatorebiskanonebi, adrebizantiuri sakanonmdebloaqtebi gamoicemoda imperiis saxelmwifolaTinur enaze. 438 wels gamoicaTeodosis `kodeqsi~. kanonebi am `kodeqs-Si~ dayofilia 16 wignad, romelnic dayofiliaTavebad (titulebad). bolo me-16wigni Seicavs saxelmwifo kanonebs, romelnicSeexeba saeklesio saqmeebs.iustiniane didma (527-565) gamosca fundamenturikrebulebi romauli samarTlisa,romelTac uwodes `saero samarTlis korpusi~(Corpus iuris civilis).am korpusSi Sedis 4 krebuli:1. `dadgenilebaTa kodeqsi~. masSi SevidaimperatorTa kanonebi adrianedan (117 w.)iustinianes bolo kanonamde (534 w.). krebulidayofilia 12 wignad, TiToeuli wignititulebad. saeklesio saqmeebs exeba pirveliwignis dasawyisi titulebi. gamoicaorjer 529 da 534 wlebSi, pirvels ewoda`Zveli~, axals - `Sesworebuli~.2. (meore krebuli iustinianesi) `digestebi~,anu `pandeqtebi~. gamoqveynda 533w. dayofilia 50 wignad. Sedis warmodgeniliepoqis iuristebis ganmartebebi.3. (mesame krebuli iustinianesi) - `institucia~,dayofilia 4 wignad. wignebititulebad, titulebi paragrafebad. isSeiZleba iTqvas, rom aris saxelmZRvanelosamarTlebrivi masalis Sesaswavlad.4. (meoTxe krebuli iustinianesi) -ewodeba `axali dadgenilebani~, anu `novelebi~- esaa iustinianes is kanonebi,romelnic gamoica `kodeqsis~ gamoqveynebisSemdeg. `novelebi~, ZiriTadad, daweriliaberZnul enaze. pirveli TariRdeba 535 wliT.saeklesio sakiTxSi iustinianes kanonebisZiriTadi adresati, rogorc wesi, konstantinopolispatriarqia, 236 magram br-Zanebebi sxva patriarqebsac egzavnebodaT.`novelis~, anu brZanebis miRebis Semdegpatriarqebi maT ugzavnidnen mitropolitebs,saidanac isini egzavnebodaTepiskoposebs da ase Semdeg _ monastrebsada samrevloebs. es novelebi erT wignadSekribes iustinianes sikvdilis Semdeg.741 wels gamoica lev isavrosisa dakonstantine koprinimis (qarTvelebi masuwodeben konstantine skores) `kanonebisekloga~. es imperatorebi xatmebrZolebiiyvnen, amitomac igi marTlmadideblobisdamtkicebis Semdeg miaweres IX s-is imperatorebs_ lev brZensa da mis Svilskonstantines.imperatorma basili makedonelma damisma Svilma lev brZenma gamosces ramdenimekrebuli romaul-bizantiuri samarTlisa.esenia: `proxironi~ da `basiliki~.`basilikSi~ Sevida mxolod is Zvelikanonebi, romelTac ar hqondaT Zaladakarguli imperator basili makedonelismmarTvelobisas. krebuli dayofilia 60wignad. wignebi - titulebad, titulebi -Tavebad, Tavebi - paragrafebad. saeklesiosaqmeTa Sesaxeb laparakia 1, 3, 4, da 5wignebSi. am basilisa da misi Svilebissulieri mama-aRmzrdeli iyo ilarioni,qarTveli wmidani.XII s-Si bizantiaSi iuridiul ZalasaniWebdnen iustinianes `korpusis~ mxolodim kanonebs, romelnic `basilikebis~ krebulSiiyo Sesuli. balsamonma aseve gadaxeda`nomokanonis~ kanonebs, am dros maTimniSvnelobis kriteriumad miiCnia Semdegigaremoeba: Setanili iyo Tu ara isini`basilikSi~. es iyo bizantiuri samarTlebrivireforma, romelic, Cveni azriT,saeWvoa, rom asaxuliyo qarTul saeklesiosamarTalSi, radgan, rogorc cnobilia,arc `basiliki~ da arc balsamonis ganmartebebiqarTulad Targmnili ar yofila(slavurSi ar Sevida amave mizeziT). 237236D& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ c& 68$ 237 D& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ c& 69&


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli71`nomokanonebi~ase uwodebdnen Tavdapirvel krebulebs,romlebic Seicavda rogorc saeklesio,iseve samoqalaqo kanonebs saeklesiosaqmeTa Sesaxeb.uZvelesi `nomokanoni~ miewereba ioanesqolastikoss, Tumca misi avtorobasaeWvodaa miCneuli. miakuTvneben VI s-s.yvelaze cnobili da istoriulad mniSvnelovanisaeklesio-samarTlebrivi krebulia_ `nomokanoni 14 titulovani~. misiSeqmna miewereba konstantinopolel patriarqswm. fotis. amJamad miiCneven, romigi Sedgenilia ori avtoris mier da arsebobsmisi ori redaqcia sxvadasxva epoqisa.pirveli redaqcia miewereboda konstantinopolispatriarqs sergis (610-638) (es sergi iyo kirosis, savaraudodqarTvelTa kaTalikosis kirionis, megobari).`14-titulovani nomokanoni~ Sedgebaori nawilisagan. pirveli nawili, romelsacaseve `nomokanoni~ ewodeba, gayofilia14 titulad, titulebi Tavebad, aqvskanonTa saCvenebeli. TiToeuli rubrikisqveS gamoyofilia samoqalaqo kanonebi Tavisada titulis Tematikis mixedviT. krebulismeore nawils ewodeba `sintagma~,Sedgeba kanonebis teqstebisagan, romelnicganlagebulia qronologiuri TanmimdevrobiT.`14-titulovani nomokanonis~ meore redaqciaSedgenilia 883 wels. zogierTimecnieri mas miawers wm. fotis. fotis`nomokanonSi~ warmodgenilia yvela kanoni,Setanili sakanonmdeblo kodeqsSi,romelsac dRes vicnobT. esaa yvelazesruli da saxmarad mosaxerxebeli krebuli,amitomac man berZnuli eklesiidan gandevnayvela sxva kompilacia. aqedan gamomdinare,920 wlis konstantinopolis krebamsazeimod daamtkica `14-titulovaninomokanoni~, rogorc sayovelTaod savaldebulokodeqsi msoflio eklesiisaTvis. am-Jamad, fotis `nomokanonis~ `sintagma~ warmoadgensmarTlmadidebluri eklesiiskanonikur krebuls. 238imis gamo, rom 920 wlis konstantinopoliskrebam `14-titulovani nomokanoni~sayovelTaod savaldebulod daamtkicamsoflio eklesiisaTvis, unda vifiqroT,rom iqamde qarTul eklesiaSi arsebuliZveli saeklesio-samarTlebrivi kodeqsebimouxmareblobisa da gadauwerlobis gamoTandaTan amoRebul iqna xmarebidan da amdenad,ver moaRwia Cvenamde.238D& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ c& 74&


72 mitropoliti anania jafariZekanonTa ganmartebani, aristine, zonara, balsamonibizantiuri epoqis saeklesio samarTlisdamaxasiaTebeli niSania – adre gamocemulikanonebis ganmartebani. kanonebis ganmartebebsberZeni iuristebi uwodeben –sqolioebs, xolo laTinebi _ glosebs.Tavdapirvelad, sqolioebs werdnen xelnawerTaareebze. maT hqondaT SeniSvnebisada ganmartebebis xasiaTi calkeulisityvisa Tu kanonebis zogierTi adgilisaTvis.TandaTanobiT zogierTi Zveli sqolioSeitanes samarTlis teqstSi, andaTviTon gadaiqcnen TavisTavad kanonad.aleqsi aristine - eladeli iyo, miiRoiuridiuli ganaTleba, eWira maRalisamoqalaqo Tanamdeboba. konstantinopolSimiiwvia imperatorma ioane komnenosma– diakvnobasTan erTad man daiWiraumaRlesi saxelmwifo Tanamdebobani – nomofilaqsisa,da bolos, saeklesio Tanamdeboba_ sapatriarqo eklesiis didiekonomosisa. gardaicvala 1166 wlis Semdeg.imperatoris davalebiT aristinemSeadgina kanonikuri `sinopsisis~ ganmartebani(daaxl. 1130 wels).ioane zonara – cnobili bizantielikanonisti, cxovrobda imperatorTa: aleqsisda ioanes dros. eWira didi saxelmwifoTanamdebobani, col-Svilis sikvdilisSemdeg berad aRikveca. dawera sxvadasxvaTxzuleba, maT Soris fotis`nomokanonis~ `sintagmis~ ganmarteba(daaxl. 1142 wlis Semdeg). nomokanonispirveli nawilis ganmarteba ar moucia(es nawili Seicavs eklesiis Sesaxebsamoqalaqo kanonebs).Teodor balsamoni - XII s-is yvelazeavtoritetuli kanonisti. daibadakonstantinopolSi. imperator manuilisdros eWira sapatriarqo nomofilaqsisada xartofilaqsis Tanamdebobani. 1193wels aiyvanes antioqiis patriarqistaxtze, magram am dros antioqia jvarosnebseWiraT, amitom balsamons ar dautovebiakonstantinopoli. es iyo imperatorisaak angelosis dros.nikita xoniatis TqmiT, imperatoriisaak angelosi dahpirda balsamons, romkonstantinopolis patriarqis kaTedraze


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli73gadaiyvanda antioqiis patriarqis kaTedridan,Tuki igi am aqtis damamtkicebelganmartebebs Seadgenda. Sesabamisi ganmartebabalsamonma gadasca episkoposTakrebas, magram aRmoCnda, rom es sabuTiimperators esaWiroeboda, raTa konstantinopoliskaTedraze gadmoeyvana mis-Tvis sasurveli ierusalimeli patriarqidosiTeosi. 239 (imperators SeeZlo sapatriarqotaxtze aeyvana misTvis sasurvelipiri anda gadmoeyvana sxva kaTedridan.konstantinopolis, aleqsandriis,ierusalimis, antioqiis sapatriarqoebierT eklesias Seadgendnen erTi `saeklesiowesierebis uzenaesi mcveliT~ (e.i.imperator-TaviT) da zogjer saerTosinodiT _ krebiT).balsamonma miiRo davaleba, SeedginamTliani `14-titulovani nomokanonis~ganmartebebi da ara mxolod `sintagmisa~.am droisaTvis miiCneoda, rom `nomokanonSi~Sesul iustinianes kanonebsa daim dros bizantiaSi moqmed kanonmdeblobasSoris, romelic Sesuli iyo `basilikebSi~,ar iyo Sesatyvisoba.balsamonma `nomokanonis~ ganmartebisdros aRiara, rom Zaladakargulad undaCaTvliliyo iustinianes is kanonebi,romelnic marTalia Sesuli iyo `nomokanonSi~,magram ar iyo `basilikebSi~. 240balsamoni amarTlebs imperatorTayovelgvar qmedebas saeklesio saqmeTamarTvaSi. icavs konstantinopolis patriarqisupiratesobas sxva sapatriarqoebTanSedarebiT. balsamons aqvsagreTve 66 kanonikuri pasuxi, romelicnomokanonis ganmartebasTan erTad Sevida`aTenis sintagmaSi~.ukve XIII s-dan `nomokanonebi~, romelTacar gaaCndaT `ganmartebani~ (aRniSnulikanonistebisa) – iTvlebodnen moZvelebuladda gamovidnen xmarebidan.XIV s-Si aseTive samuSao maTe blastarmaSeasrula. 241komentatorTa axali Taobis warmomadgenelniarian serbeTis episkoposi nikodime 242da ioane smolenskeli episkoposi. 243239D& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ c& 87$ 240 D& Wsgby^ Wthrjdyjt Ghfdj^ c& 87& uTiTebs: Iuris ecclesiasticigraecorum historia et monumenta. I.B. Pitra. Romae, t. I, 1864; t. II, 1868; Συ νταγµα των ϑει ων και ι ρϖνκαανο νων τϖν αγι ων και πανευϕη µων Απφστο λων και τϖν ι ερϖν οι κουµενικων και τοπικϖν Συο δων,και κατα µερς αγιων πατε ρων, ε κδοϑε ν υ πο Γ.Α. Ρα λλη, Ποτ λη . Αϑη ν, 1852−1859, τοµ. I-IV; 241Àëôàâèòíàÿ ñèíòàãìà Ìàòôåÿ Âëàñòàðÿ. Ñèìôåðîïîëü, 1892; 242 Ghfdbkf ghfdjckfdyjq Wthrdb cnjkrjdfybzvb Ybrjlbvf tg& Lfkvfncrj-bcnhbqcrjuj^ CG


74 mitropoliti anania jafariZeTavi meoresaeklesio samarTlis wyaroebis pirveli qarTuli Targmanebisaeklesio samarTali, saeklesio-administraciulimmarTvelobissferoSi, garkveulcvlilebebs ganicdida epoqa-Ta Sesabamisad. sxvagvari iyois nikeamdeli da aseve qalkedonamdelieklesiebisaTvis, sxvagvariais e.w. `axali eklesiebisaTvis~(igulisxmeba is eklesiebi,romelnic konstantinopoliswiaRidan gamovidnenda misgan miiRes avtokefalia.esenia, ruseTis, bulgareTis,rumineTisa da sxva `axali~eklesiebi).nikeas I msoflio krebamdearsebuli eklesiebi erTmane-Tis mimarT damoukidebelni iyvnenda imarTebodnen mociqulTa34-e kanonis Sesabamisad. nikeamdelieklesiebis es damoukideblobaI, II da III msoflio krebebmaar SezRudes, magram qalkedonis msofliokrebis Semdeg man garkveuli cvlilebebiganicada. am dros moxda eklesiaTagaerTianeba avtokefaluri eklesiebisSemcirebis kvaldakval. imis gasarkvevad,Tu administraciuli mmarTvelobismxriv ra uflebebiT sargeblobda saqar-Tvelos eklesia, unda gairkves es eklesiaqalkedonamdeli eklesiaa Tu qalkedoniiskrebis Semdeg Camoyalibda. wyaroebisanalizi aCvenebs, rom saqarTveloseklesia nikeamde, anda nikeis krebis paraleluradCamoyalibda (amiT, cxadia, isqalkedonamdeli eklesiaa). es asaxuliasaeklesio terminologiaSic.qarTvelebma qristianobis naTeli miiResjer kidev romis imperiis arsebobisasmaSin, roca imperiis saxelmwifosarwmunoebas marTlmadidebloba, xolosaxelmwifo enas laTinuri warmoadgen-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli75da. ramac Tavisi asaxva hpova qarTulsasuliero literaturaSi, magaliTad,wmida ninos `cxovrebis~ Tanaxmad, wmidaninos ufalma laTinurad dawerilimcnebebi gadasca, wmida ninos `romael-Ta tyves~ uwodeben, mis sarwmunoebaski `romaelTa rjuls~, 244 wmida nino werilsiRebs `romis patriarqisagan~, mas-Tan modis romaeli diakoni da sxv. romisimperiis arsebobis dros Tavdapirvelad100-ze meti avtokefaluri eklesiaarsebobda, 245 amitom provinciul dadiocezur eklesiebs hqondaT administraciuliTavisTavadoba, romelsac Semdegavtokefalia ewoda. 246 unda vifiqroT,rom Camoyalibebis dros I-IV ss-Si msoflioeklesiasTan sulierad umWidroesaddakavSirebuli qarTuli eklesia ise-Tive administraciuli TavisTavadobiTsargeblobda, rogoriTac sxva provinciebisada diocezebis eklesiebi romisimperiaSi. miT umetes, rom saqarTvelodamoukidebel saxelmwifos warmoadgenda,rac cxadia, unda asaxuliyo misieklesiis iuridiul statussa da masSimoqmed kanonikur samarTalzec, romel-Ta arsebobis gareSe eklesiuri cxovrebaSeuZlebelia.IV s-is ukve Sua wlebidan TandaTanviTareba Seicvala da bizantiis imperiaSiukve V-VI s-Tvis Camoyalibda ramdenimemsxvili saeklesio erTeuli (Semdgomisapatriarqoebi), romelTac gamoamJRavnesmiswrafeba daeqvemdebarebinaTmezobeli, iqamde administraciuladdamoukidebeli eklesiebi. ZiriTadad,es SeZles kidec, Tumca kviprosis eklesiamSeinarCuna Tavisi avtokefalia,raSic mas daexmara III msofliokreba, roca antioqiis saydarimis administraciul daqvemdebarebascdilobda. kviprosiseklesiis msgavs TavisTavadeklesiaTa rigSi albaTqarTuli eklesiac imyofeboda,miT umetes, rom is imperiisfarglebs gareT mdebareobda.unda vivaraudoT,rom am dros IV da gansakuTrebiTV s-Si qarTul enaze gadmoiTargmnabibliuri da sa-RvTismetyvelo wignebi, wmidamamaTa nawerebis erTi nawili.iTargmneboda am dros Tu arakanonikuri krebulebi, CvenTvisucnobia, magram radgan msoflioSipirveli kanonikuri krebulebiswored saqarTvelosuSualo mezoblad, kerZod,galateas, frigiisa da pontosprovinciebSi Seiqmna sworedaRniSnul periodSi, kanonikurisamarTali arc qarTvelebisaTvisunda yofiliyo ucnobi,miT umetes, rom am samyarosTanqarTvelebs umWidroesisulier-ekonomikuri urTierTobahqoniaT. mxedveloba-Si rom ar miviRoT iseTi mniSvnelovanimxarec ki, rogoricaaqarTvelTa da kapadokielpontoel-galatelTaeTnikurinaTesaoba, rac am urTierTobiskidev ufro gaRrmavebiserT-erTi xelSemwyobi faqtoriunda yofiliyo.244qarTlis cxovreba, t. I. gv. 104, 197, 88, 86, 110; 245 Ñ. Òðîèöêèé, Î Öåðêîâíîéàâòîêåôàëèè, ÆÌÏ, 1950, ¹7, ñ. 39; 246 saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria,t. I. gv. 185-204.


76 mitropoliti anania jafariZemagram qarTvelebs am Tavis samezoblo,Rrmad qristian qveyanasTan akav-Sirebda sarwmunoeba, riTac yoveliveifareboda da umTavres suliermamoZravebel Zalas warmoadgenda IV daV ss-Si.VI-VII ss-Si, rogorc amas epistoleTawignSi Semonaxuli dvinis eklesiismeTaurisadmi kirion kaTalikosis pasuxebimiuTiTebs, qarTvelebi kargad icnobdnenimJamindeli kanonikuri samarTlissafuZvlebs. kavSir-urTierToba hqondaTmsoflio eklesiis meTaurebTan, kirionisTvisgamogzavnili romis papis epistole,romelic nestorianelebTan urTierTobissakiTxis mogvarebas exeba, erTiamis damamtkicebeli magaliTia. gardaamisa, rogorc sxvadasxva wyaro miu-TiTebs, kirions kavSir-urTierToba hqondakonstantinopolisa da ierusalimis patriarqebTan.amitomac, unda vifiqroT,rom kavkasiis masStabiT iseTi didi xalxiseklesia, rogoric iyo saqarTvelosi,ar unda yofiliyo darCenili saeklesio-samarTlebriviZeglebis gareSe. mkvlevarTaTvalsazrisiT, romelic Sesabamisadgilas gvaqvs gadmocemuli,saqarTveloSi V s-saTvis gavrcelebuliunda yofiliyo e.w. `siriul-romaulisamarTali~, romelic Semdgom xelmeoreduTargmniaT XVIII s-Si.VII s-Si, mas Semdeg, rac heraklekeisarma iranis saxelmwifo daamarcxa,bizantia kidev ufro mWidrod daukav-Sirda saqarTvelos. rogorc zemoT aRiniSna,saqarTvelos emezoblebodnen bizantiisRrmad qristianuli saeklesioprovinciebi, rasac CvenSi, kerZod kimaT uSualo mezobel tao-klarjeTSi,unda Seeqmna xelsayreli pirobebi bizantielTamsgavsad kanonikuri samarTlismcodne pirebis arsebobisaTvis. amasunda miuTiTebdes qarTuli terminis`merCules~ arseboba, rac swored kanonikurisamarTlis mcodnesa da ganmmartebels_ `merjules~ erqva. rogorcp. ingoroyvam gaarkvia, am profesiis mqonesasuliero pirebi bizantieli advokatebisada sqolastebis msgavsi profesiismqoneni unda yofiliyvnen, romelTadaniSnuleba saeklesio kanonebis ganmartebaiyo, maT unda hqonodaT SesabamisiganaTlebac. amas adasturebsCvenTvis cnobili mwerlis, giorgi mer-Cules didi ganaTleba da erudicia.unda vivaraudoT, rom qarTul enazearsebobda saeklesio-kanonikuri krebulebi,magram rogorc aRvniSneT, konstantinopolis920 wlis saeklesio krebamakrZala yvela Zveli krebulis gamoyeneba,garda `14-titlovani nomokanonisa~,amitomac Zveli qarTuli kanonikurisamarTlis krebulebi (Targmanebi),Cans, amoRebul iqna xmarebidan, Sesa-Zloa amitomac ar moaRwia Cvenamde.CvenSi rom msoflio krebaTa kanonebisganmartebani arsebobda, unda miu-TiTebdes V-VI krebis kanonebis eqvTimeaToneliseuli Targmani-ganmarteba. man,miuxedavad zemoaRniSnuli akrZalvisa,rogorc Cans, mainc gaagrZela qarTuleklesiaSi tradiciuli muSaoba saeklesiokanonebze da mogvca aRniSnulikrebis dadgenilebebi e.w. `mcire sjuliskanonis saxiT~.iv. javaxiSvilis SexedulebiT `qarTulikanonikuri mwerlobis pirveli Zeglebiukve xanmetobis xanaSi yofila~. 247247qarTuli samarTlis istoria, 1928, t. I, gv. 28.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli77sakanonmdeblo Zeglebis Targmanebi VI-VII saukuneebSiiv. javaxiSvilis azriT, msofliokrebaTa sakanonmdeblo Zeglebi qarTulenaze ukve gadmoRebuli unda yofiliyoVI s-is bolosa da VII s-is dasawyisSi.es mosazreba efuZneba `epistoleTa wignis~ganxilvas. kirioni abraam somexTakaTalikoss werda erT-erT epistole-Si _ `me gadmovaTargmnine da gaaxleoTxi krebis wignebi, romliTac xelmZRvanelobenromaelebi (e.i. bizantielebi),agreTve igive iqadageba anastas-wmidasada wmida sionSic (e.i. ierusalimiseklesiaSi) – gindaT Tu ara, esaa Cvenisarwmunoeba~, am sityvebidan Cans, romkirion kaTalikoss abraam kaTalikosisaTvisoTxi msoflio krebis aRsarebisSemcveli Zegli gadmouTargmnia. 248 amaveepistoleSi ganmartebulia, Tu saidanaiRo kirionma oTxi msoflio krebis aRmsarebloba_ kirioni wers: `Cven CvenigonebiT araferi dagviweria, aramed Ti-Toeuli saeklesio krebaTa wignebidanaris amoRebuli~. 249z. aleqsiZis TargmaniT ase JRers essityvebi: `icodeT, rom es Cven TviTon kiar davwereT, aramed TviToeuli krebiswignidan [amoviReT] da sarwmunoeba Rmer-Tis mowyalebiT CvenSia. davwereT sruliWeSmaritebiT, ara Tu mcire gamoZiebiT,aramed didad davSveriT da vcaniT~. 250iv. javaxiSvili daaskvnis, `VI-VIIss-Si saqarTvelos eklesias msofliokrebebis Zeglis weraTa wigni hqonia daamnairad kanonikuri mwerloba am SemTxvevaSimsoflio eklesiis kanonebis TargmanebissaxiT mainc ukve arsebobdarasakvirvelia adgilobiTi krebebis ZeglisweraTawignebic iqneboda~. 249 qarTulikanonikuri mwerlobis dasawyisad iv. javaxiSvilsmiaCnia xanmetobis xana. 249 k.kekeliZe ar iziarebs am Tvalsazrissda miiCnevs, rom XI-XII ss-mde qarTvelebsar uTargmniaT kanonikuri Zeglebi. k.kekeliZes eTanxmeba e. gabiZaSvili damiiCnevs, rom `dasaxelebul krebaTasruli aqtebis qarTul enaze am droisaTvisarseboba Zalian saeWvod migvaCnia,miT umetes, rom nikeis I da konstantinopolisII msoflio krebaTa aqtebi– krebis sxdomaTa zustad Cawerilioqmebi, rogorc III, IV, V, VI da VIImsoflio krebebis Sesaxeb gvaqvs, saer-Tod ar unda arsebuliyo~. 251SesaZloa, marTlac, ar arsebobda Ida II msoflio krebaTa zustad Cawerilioqmebi, magram III da IV msofliokrebaTa mier gamocemuli kanonebis TargmnaSeeZloT qarTvelebs somxur eklesiasTanudidesi mniSvnelobis mqone kamaTisdros, roca am saeklesio sakiTxs,faqtobrivad, saxelmwifoebrivi,eris momavali cxovrebis ganmsazRvrelimniSvneloba hqonda da es orive mokamaTekrebam kargad icoda. am mxriv iv.javaxiSvilis mosazreba misaRebia. miTumetes,rom kirioni orjer axsenebs `oTxkrebaTa wignebs~, 252 amasTanave Tavis epistolesTan urTavs I, II, III da IVkrebaTa masalebs. 253al. vaCeiSvili am sakiTxSi eTanxmebaiv. javaxiSvils da miaCnia, rom VI-IX ss-Si eklesiis Sinagani cxovrebis mosawesrigeblad,saxelmwifosa da kerZo pirebTanurTierTobis mosagvareblad iuridiulnormebs bizantiidan gadmoiRebdnen. 254248iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, 1982, gv. 44; 249 iqve, gv. 44; 250 epistoleTa wigni, 1968, gv. 111; 251 didisjuliskanoni, 1975, gv. 14; 252 epistoleTa wigni, gv. 102; 253 iqve, 102-111; 254 al. vaCeiSvili,narkvevebi, qarTuli samarTlis istoriidan, I, 1946, gv. 167.


78 mitropoliti anania jafariZesakanonmdeblo Zeglebis Targmanebi VIII-IX saukuneebSiiv. javaxiSvilis azriT, qarTulenaze saeklesio kanonebis krebuli ukvegrigol xanZTelis epoqaSi arsebobda,rasac gvafiqrebinebs giorgi merCulissaistorio TxzulebaSi Sesuli erTicnoba. javaxeTis saeklesio krebazeguaram mamfals ganucxadebia: `wmidanomamano, episkoposno da meudabnoeno, iciTyovelTa kanoni SjulisaY, rameTu arabrZanebs episkoposisa da kaTalikosisamZlavrobiT dajdomasa~. amis sapasuxodgrigol xanZTels agreTve msoflio saeklesiokanonmdeblobidan amoRebulisabuTebiT miugia: `wmidaTa mociqulTada RirsTa maT mRvdelT-moZRvarTagan gansazRvrebulsakanonsa Sina arave brZanebulars eriskacTa viTarmca episkoposTada wesisa winamZRvarTa mamaTa gansagebelisasjulis moZRvrebasa ikadrebda~.iv. javaxiSvilis TqmiT, aqedan aSkaradCans, rom ara mxolod saeklesiomoZRvrebi, aramed ganaTlebuli eriskacebicki icnobdnen `Sjulis kanons~,masze amyarebdnen TavianT sabuTebsa damsjelobas. 255 iv. javaxiSvilma gaarkvia,rom es sabuTebi, kerZod, eyrdnoboda`Sjuliskanonis~ im nawils, romelsacewodeboda `mociqulTa gansazRvrebulikanonebi~ da `mRvdelmoZRvarTa gansazRvrebulikanonebi~. iv. javaxiSviliaskvnis, `warmoudgenelia, rom msofliosaeklesio krebebis kanonebic naTargmniar yofiliyo~. 256 cxadia, SesaZloa esar yofiliyo is saboloo redaqcia,romelic 14 titulovani krebulis saxeliTaacnobili, aramed erT-erTi krebuliim sjuliskanonTagan, romelic bizantiaSiZalze mravlad arsebobda. TugaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom tao-klarjeTsbizantia miiCnevda Tavisi imperiisTu nawilad ara, masze daqvemdebarebulteritoriad mainc, cxadia, imperiis teritoriazearsebul marTlmadidebel eklesiebsunda hqonodaT kidec bizantiurisjuliskanonebis Targmanebi, sxvagvaradeklesiis marTva SeuZlebeliSeiqneboda, gansakuTrebiT im dros, rocasomxuri eklesia pretenzias acxadebdatao-klarjeTze, raTa igi Tavis iurisdiqciaSiSeeyvana (iseve, rogorc iyoVI-VII ss-is periodSi). aseT dros somxureklesiasTan paeqrobisas, cxadia,qarTvel mRvdelmTavrebsa da meudabnoeebsxelT eqnebodaT Sesabamisi saeklesiokanonmdebloba. aRsaniSnavia, rom somxureklesias isini Tavidanve hqonda. k.kekeliZis azriT, `X s-is bolomdeqarTul enaze ar Senaxula aramcTu raimekanonikuri krebuli, aramed cotad Tubevrad eWvmiutaneli da kategoriulicnoba aseTi krebulis arsebobis Sesaxeb~.257 magram, Tuki qarTvelebi bizantiaSisagangebod agzavnidnen TavianTwarmomadgenlebsa da delegatebs im droisaTvismarTlmadideblobis centrebSi arsebulisaeklesio tipikonebis, gangebebis,wes-Cveulebebis aRwerilobaTa mosapoveblad,ratom ar unda dainteresebuliyoqarTuli mxare, bizantiaSive moepovebinasaeklesio kanonmdebloba, ma-Sin roca igi hqonda mis mezobel somxureklesiasac? `Zeglis weraTa wigne-255iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, 1982, gv. 42; 256 iqve, gv. 42; 257 k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTuli literaturisistoria, t. I, 1980, gv. 560.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli79bi~, romelnic kirion kaTalikoss abraamkaTalikosisTvis gaugzavnia, kidec romar yofiliyo kanonikuri Zeglebi, rogorck. kekeliZe fiqrobs, aramed sarwmunoebriv-aRmsareblobiTixasiaTis dogmatikuriformulebi, mainc, maT Sexebaunda hqonodaT kanonikasTan, radganacdogmatikuri mwerlobac efuZneboda msofliokrebaTa gansazRvrebebs, mociqul-Ta kanonebsa da eklesiis cnobil moZRvarTakanonikur epistoleebs, ganmartebebs,rac kanonikis safuZvelia. somexqarTvelTasaeklesio cilobis dros moxseniebulialeon didis tomosi, epistole,romelsac IV msoflio qalkedoniskrebis dros gadamwyveti mniSvnelobamieniWa. `epistoleTa wignSi~ naTqvamia,rom rogorc qarTvelebma, ise somxebmaganixiles qalkedonis krebaTa dadgenilebebida leonis epistolec. `ueWveliaes dokumentebi qarTuladac iqnebodanaTargmni~ – daaskvnis k. kekeliZe.258 rac miuTiTebs, rom im daucxromelibrZolisa da kamaTis dros, romelic mimdinareobdasomxur eklesiasTan VI-X ss-Si qarTvelebi praqtikuli saWiroebisgamo iZulebulnic ki iqnebodnen, eTargmnaTkanonikuri xasiaTis Zeglebi berZnulienidan. ar aris SemTxveviTi, romepiskoposi stefane mtbevari somxur eklesiasTankamaTis dros axsenebs sworedmsoflio krebaTa kanonebs, roca wers –somxebma `moZRvarTa mier wmidaTa krebaTaRvTivsulierTa kanoni saeklesioSeuracxyves~, 259 rac kanonikuri mwerlobisqarTulad arsebobas gulisxmobs.258iqve, gv. 469; 259 saqarTvelos samoTxe, gv. 394.


80 mitropoliti anania jafariZesakanonmdeblo Zeglebis Targmanebi X-XI saukuneebSiwmida eqvTime mTawmidelma X s-isbolos Targmna ioane sqolastikosis samarTlebrivikrebuli da VI msofliokrebis dadgenilebebi. amiT, k. kekeliZisazriT, daiwyo qarTuli saeklesio-iuridiulimwerloba. 260 Tumca, qarTulididi sjuliskanonis mkvlevari prof. vl.beneSeviCi fiqrobda, rom X s-mde qarTulenaze TviT didi sjuliskanonic ki iyoTargmnili. k. kekeliZe beneSeviCis mosazrebebsar eTanxmeba. akritikebsagreTve iv. javaxiSvils, romelic fiqrobda,rom didi sjuliskanoni arsen iyal-Toelamde iyo Targmnili. k. kekeliZewers - `kanonikur krebulTa TargmanisaTvispirvelad xeli moukidnia eqv-Time aTonels, rogorc mas Cveulebadhqonda, am SemTxvevaSic, gadmosaTargmnZeglTa SerCevisas, saxelmZRvanelo principadman aiRo praqtikuli, yoveldRiurimniSvneloba cxovrebisaTvis ama Tuim nawarmoebisa da Tanac gadmoTargmnaara im saxiT, rogorc is dedanSi iyo,aramed misi Sedgenilobisa da redaqciiscotaodeni SecvliT qarTul sinamdvilesTanSefardebiT~. 261pavle ingoroyva gansxvavebuli mosazrebisaada miiCnevs, rom X-XI sssaTvissamarTlis mecnierebas saqarTvelo-Si ganviTarebis maRali donisaTvis miuRwevia...`X-XI ss-Si saqarTveloSiyofilan mecnier-iuristebi, romelTacewodebodaT `mecnierni sabWoTa saqmeTani~,bagrat IV-is cnobili sigelidanirkveva, rom `mecnierni sabWoTa saqmeTani~sagangebod miiwveodnen xolme saxelmwifosuzenaesi organos - saxelmwifodarbazis sxdomaze rTuli iuridiulisakiTxebis ganxilvis dros~. 262260k. kekeliZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 561; 261 iqve, gv. 564; 262 p. ingoroyva, girogi merCule, 1954, gv. 23.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli81p. ingoroyva ixilavs termins `rCuli~da `merCule~ da daaskvnis: `mer-Cule iyo mecnieri `rCulisa~, specialuradkanonikuri samarTlis swavluli,mcodne da amave dros mecnieri mTelisaqristiano moZRvrebisa, damwerelirCulisa, e.i. Teologi, mecnieri... eqv-Time mTawmidelis teqstidan irkveva, rom`merCule~ iyo ara mxolod `mecnieri~rCulisa, qristianuli moZRvrebisa,aramed amave dros `rCulis~ siwmidismcveli. `merCule~ `ganawesebs kanonsa~maTTvis, romlebic gardaxdnen qristianuli`rCulis~ wesebs, e.i. `merCule~uflebamosilia ikisros amave dros kanonikurisamarTlis msajulis funqciebi...Tu ramdenad didi iyo `merCuleTa~ (msajulTa)avtoriteti Zvel saqarTvelo-Si, amas adasturebs Zveli qarTuli kanonikuriZegli `mcneba sasjulo~, sadackaTalikoss aqvs Semdegi zewodeba `mesjuleTa(e.i. merCuleTa) Tavi da uxucesi~.p. ingoroyvas gamokvlevis Tanaxmad,grigol xanZTelis cxovrebis aRmwereligiorgi merCule yofila `rCulis~sakiTxTa kanonikuri samarTlisswavluli mcodne. 263 amitomac, Tavis TxzulebaSiaSuqebs kanonikuri samarTlissakiTxebs, rasac gamowvlilviT ixilavsjavaxeTis saeklesio krebis msvlelobisaRweris dros, agreTve cqiris istoriisgadmocemisas. aRniSnuli krebasaqarTvelos eklesiisa, p. ingoroyvasmixedviT, Sedga 845-850 wlebSi, javaxeTSi,mTavar guaram mamfalis mowveviT.krebaze warmodgenilni yofilan sxvebTanerTad `wesisa da Sjulisa maswavlebelni~,romelnic `wessa daudebdes ersa~.ara mxolod sasuliero pirTagan, aramederiskacTaganac ki im epoqaSi mravalniyofilan `rCulisa moZRvarni~, `saRmr-ToTa wignTa mecnierni da enaTaTacawurTilni~, SeeZloT `rCulis gamoZieba~da `moZRvreba~. es `wesisa da rCulisamaswavlebelni~ ucxoeTSic – ierusalimsada konstantinopolSic mogzaurobdnenda iqidan saWiroebis SemTxvevaSiCamohqondaT `keTili wesi~. wesiigive saeklesio kanonia. Tumca, yvela`wesi~ rodi iyo gamosadegi imdroindeliqarTuli sazogadoebisaTvis – radganac`tvirTi SjulisaY da wesi qristeanobisaY,romeli aw qveyanasa Cvensaupyries, friad keTil ars~ da `tvirTiganwesebuli eyofin navsa, ukueTu daum-Zimo – dainTqas da ukueTu subuqadiyos, qarTa da RelvaTa waritacon~.saeklesio-iuridiuli ganaTlebis ma-Ralma donem SesaZlebeli gaxada X s-isbolos warmoqmniliyo originaluriqarTuli kanonikuri krebuli, romelic`mcire sjuliskanonis~ saxeliTaa cnobili.ase mas uwoda TviT krebulisSemdgenelma wmida eqvTime mTawmidelma.man Targmna berZnuli kanonikurimwerlobis sxvadasxva wyaro, nawilobrivgadaamuSava da masSi Seitana qarTulimasala. sabolood, es krebuligarkveuli xnis manZilze iTvlebodaqarTuli eklesiis saxelmZRvanelod dadResac aqvs praqtikuli mniSvnelobaeklesiisaTvis, radganac miuxedavadarsen iyalToelis mier Targmnili `didisjuliskanonis~ arsebobisa, igi saukuneTamanZilze gamoiyeneboda. 264mitropolit konstantines TqmiT –wm. eqvTimes es Zeglebi zustad rodigadmouRia, igi am kanonebs cvlis, amok-263p. ingoroyva, girogi merCule, 1954, gv. 27; 264 `mcire sjuliskanoni~, e. giunaSvilisgamocema, 1972.


82 mitropoliti anania jafariZelebs, zogierTi sruliad ar Seaqvs TaviswignSi, zogjer ki Semoaqvs iseTi masala,romelic saerTod ar icis berZnulmadedanma. yovelive amis gamo `mciresjuliskanoni~ Tumca bizantiuri saeklesiosamarTlis ZeglTa mixedviTaaSedgenili, magram mainc im principiT,romliTac xelmZRvanelobda qristianoba:emoqmeda ama Tu im xalxis bunebisSesabamisad da ara mis sawinaaRmdegod.am principidan gamomdinare, eqvTimes saeklesiokanonTa krebuli imdenad`gauqarTulebia~, rom Tavisi struqturiTigi erTaderTia msoflio qristianulisamarTlis istoriaSi. 265VIII-X ss-is qarTuli eklesia gansakuTrebulmniSvnelobas aqcevda somxurieklesiisagan qarTuli mrevlis dacvas,radganac, rogorc es aRniSnuliiyo `saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiisistoriis~ II tomSi, somxuri eklesiapretenziebs acxadebda qarTvel mrevlze,surda kvlavindeburad moeqcia taos,samxreT saqarTvelos, gugarqisa da here-Tis qarTveloba Tavisi iurisdiqciisqveS, iseve, rogorc es adre iyo, gansakuTrebiTVI-VII ss-Si (Tumca hereTisomxuri eklesiis iurisdiqciisagan mxolodX s-Si gaTavisuflda). am mizezisgamo samxreT saqarTvelos qarTul eklesiaskvlavindeburad etyobodamonofizituri eklesiis daRi. Cans, zogierTiqarTveli kvlav monofiziturieklesiis gavlenis qveS iyo, amitomacdeda eklesiis mrevlis dacvis mizniT,eqvTimem Tavis sjuliskanonSi mravalicnoba, miTiTeba da kanoni Seitana imwesebis Sesaxeb, romelnic somxur eklesiaSiiyo miRebuli, magram sinamdvileSiki mwvaleblobas warmoadgenda,kerZod, monofizituri xasiaTisas. 266 k.kekeliZis sityviT – eqvTimem gadmosa-Targmn kanonikur ZeglTa Soris Sear-Cia isini, romelTac praqtikuli, yoveld-Riuri mniSvneloba hqonda. 267`mcire sjuliskanoni~ gamosacemadmoamzada elguja giunaSvilma. X s-isbolos eqvTime mTawmidelis mier Sedgenili`mcire sjuliskanoni~ e. giunaSvilismier miiCneva qarTuli klasikurikanonikuri mwerlobis saTaved. igi eqv-Time mTawmidels Seudgenia berZnulikanonikuri mwerlobis sxvadasxva wyarosmixedviT da saqarTvelos saeklesio praqtikaSifarTod gamoiyeneboda. es kanonikurikrebuli Tavisi SedgenilobiToriginaluri da erTaderTia qristianulieklesiis samarTlis istoriaSi. misimsgavsi Sedgenilobis krebuli ar icisarc erTi qveynis saeklesio samarTlisistoriam. `mcire sjuliskanoni~ oTxinawilisagan Sedgeba: 1. `wesi da gangebada rCuliskanoni meequsisa krebisaY~; 2.kanonni SecodebulTani; 3. kanonni dRi-Ti-dReTa cTomisani; 4. Zegliswera sarwmunoebisaY.eqvTime mTawmidels es krebuli1005 wlamde Seudgenia. 268e. giunaSvilis TvalsazrisiT, wmidaeqvTime mTawmidelis kanonikuri krebulispirvel nawils warmoadgens trulis692 wlis krebis kanonebi, krebul-Si is wodebulia VI msoflio krebiskanonebad. krebulis meore nawilia SecodebulTakanonebi, konstantinopolispatriarqis ioane mmarxvelis (582-595)Sroma, Tumca specialistebis Tval-265saRvTismetyvelo krebuli, eqvTime aTonelis saeklesio kanonTa krebuli gadmoRebuli axalqarTul enaze, Tb., 1983, gv. 5; 266 iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, gv. 48; 267 k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTulilit. ist., I, gv. 564; 268 e. giunaSvili, winasityva, `mcire sjuliskanoni~, 1972, gv. 4.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli83sazrisiT es kanonebi VIII s-is bolosada X s-is Sua aRmocenda. 269 krebulismesame nawils qarTul samecniero literaturaSibasili didis kanonebi Seerqva,Tumca e. giunaSvilis TvalsazrisiT,es kanonebi IX s-is Semdeg aRmocendada X s-Si sakmaod yofila gavrcelebulisaRvTismetyvelo praqtikaSi. krebismeoTxe nawili qarTul samecniero literaturaSiiwodeboda VII msoflio krebiskanonebad. e. giunaSvilis TvalsazrisiT,es Secdomaa, sinamdvileSi esnawili warmoadgens 843 wlis konstantinopolisadgilobrivi krebis `sarwmunoebisZeglisweras~. 270`rogorc eqvTimes krebulidan Cans,somex-qarTvelTa saeklesio dava am drosisev ZalaSia~, 271 es sakiTxi eqvTimeskrebulis kanonebSic aisaxa. magaliTad,`wesi da gangeba da rjuliskanoni mequsisakrebisaY~-s 68-e muxlSi, kerZod,naTqvamia - `queyanasa mas somxeTisasawmidaTa da patiosanTa xatTa gamosaxvasaara Seiwynarebdnen, rameTu urCulomanman petros mkawvralman viTaca`saCecari~ aswava, egreTve eseca borotiwvalebaT sadme maT Soris dasTesa~.272 72-e muxlis mixedviT, `gveuwyaviTarmed queyanasa somxiTisasa saklvelTadahklven, locvarsa da xorcsa mas SeiRebeneklesiad da miscemen mRvdelTa nawilsawesisa misebr Zuelisa rCulisa,viTarca iqmodes huriani, xolo ese wesigareSe ars wesTagan kaTolike eklesiisa~.273 rogorc cnobilia, msgavsi CvevasaqarTveloSi, gansakuTrebiT mTianeTSi,amJamadac arsebobs (Tumca xorci eklesiaSiar SeaqvT), safiqrebelia, rom esCveva gadmonaSTia I-IV ss-Si arsebulpirvelqristianul, e.w. iudauri qristianuliwesebisa. varaudia gamoTqmuli(T. mgalobliSvili), rom I-IV ss-Si Cven-Si, ise rogorc aRmosavleTis qveynebSi(siria, somxeTi, mcire azia), gavrcelebuliiyo qristianobis Tavdapirvelisaxe, e.w. iudauri qristianoba, romel-Sic mravlad iyo wesebi `Zuelisa rCulisa,viTarca iqmodes huriani~, T. mgalobliSvilisada sxvaTa TvalsazrisiTes iudauri qristianoba IV s-dan Secvala`berZnulma qristianobam~, romelmacakrZala Zveli Cvevebi, magram Cans,aRmosavleT romis imperiaSi (bizantia-Si) mimdinare es procesi SedarebiT ucxoiyo kavkasiis im eklesiebisaTvis,romelnic imperiis gareT, zogjer kiarabizantiuri saxelmwifos gavlenissferoSi imyofebodnen. Cans, es procesi(Zveli adgilobrivi qristianuli CvevebisberZnuliT Secvla) CvenSi aqtualurigaxda gansakuTrebiT X s-is Semdeg, qarTulieklesiis mTawmiduri saganmanaTleblofrTis warmoqmnam XI s-dan procesiSeuqcevadi gaxada, Tumca, etyoba, mTian,e.w. `soflur~ adgilebSi aseTi (e.i. pirvel-qristianuli,IV s-mdeli) Cvevebikidev didxans darCenila.amis magaliTia `mcire sjuliskanonis~pirveli nawilis 73-e muxlSimocemuli VII s-is kanonis darRvevaqarTuli eklesiis `sofluri xucesis~mier XI s-Si, kerZod, am kanonSi naTqvamia- `guesma, Tu queyanasa somxeTisasaTvinier Sesamoslisa xucesni aRasrulebenwirvasa TvisiTve SesamosliTada es didi wvaleba ars sxuaTave TanacTomaTa da aw Cuen vamcnebT ukueTuvinme ikadros marTlmadidebelman mRvdel-269e. giunaSvili, winasityva, `mcire sjuliskanoni~, 1972, gv. 6; 270 iqve, gv. 11; 271 iqve, gv. 12;272iqve, gv. 63; 273 iqve, gv. 73.


84 mitropoliti anania jafariZeman anu diakonman Tvinier SesamoslisaJamiswirva, ganakanonos da daeyenosJamiswirvisagan, vidremdes moigos wesierebada ebiskoposman pirveladve ixilosmisi stiqari, uReli, da zewari daegreT xelni dasxnes~. 274e.i. trulis saeklesio krebis mamebsamcnes, rom aRmosavleTis (somxeTis) eklesiebSi,mRvdlebi wiravdnen eklesieb-Si ara sagangebo SesamosliT, aramedTavianTi yoveldRiuri tansacmeliT. eskrebam miiCnia wvalebad da aukrZalaaseTi saxiT wirvis Catareba samRvdeloebas.maT wirvisas unda CaecvaTstiqari (kaba), uReli (albaT olari)da zewari (omofori). es wesi albaTdainerga kidec CvenSi, magram XI s-is40-iani wlebis bolos zogierTi qarTvelimRvdeli antioqiaSi, kerZod ki svimonwmidismonasterSi Zveleburi wesiT, e.i.Tavisi yoveldRiuri da ara sagangebowirvis SesamosliT wiravda. es SeumCneviaTberZen berebs, maSinve gangaSi autexiaT,wirvisagan `dauyenebiaT~ qarTveliberebi, Semdeg ki antioqiis patriarqTanuCivliaT. Tavis mxriv ki, esgiorgi mTawmidelisaTvis ucnobebiaT,romelsac dasWirda axsna-ganmartebismicema imis dasamtkiceblad, rom qarTveliberebi marTlmadideblebi iyvnen, da arasarwmunoebrivi Cvevebis SebRalvis,aramed ucodinarobis mizeziT iqceodnenase. giorgi mcire wers - `qarTvelixucesi svimeon-wmidas Jamsa ver wirvidaamis mizezisaTvis, rameTu romelsameJamsa sofluri vinme xucesi axlad Camosuliwmidasa svimeonis svetsa zeda gasruliyo Jamiswirvad qalamniTa da sabeWuriTaTvinier samRvdeloYsa Sesamoslisa,viTarca iyo pirvelad wesiCueni~. 275 e.i. giorgi mcires azriT, `pirveliwesi Cveni~ iyo ara sagangebo wirvisSesamosliT wirva, aramed Cveulebrivi,yoveldRiuri tansacmliT. es wesiberZnul eklesiaSi VI-VII ss-Sive ganidevna,magram aRmosavlur eklesiebSi, maTSoris CvenSic didxans, `mcire rjuliskanonis~ gamocemis epoqaSic darCenila,swored am da sxva eklesiis praqtikulimizezebisaTvis iqna kidec eqvTime mTawmidelismier Sedgenili es krebuli.274`mcire sjuliskanoni~, 1972, gv. 77; 275 giorgi mcire, cxovreba giorgi mTawmidelisaY, ZveliqarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, wigni II, gv. 1967.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli85wm. fotis nomokanonis, anu didi sjuliskanonisqarTuli TargmanisaqarTvelos eklesia nawilia msoflioeklesiisa, amitomac msoflio saeklesiokrebebis dadgenilebani saqarTveloSiwarmoadgenda moqmed samarTals.14 Tavad, anu titlebad dayofil berZnulisamarTlis ZiriTad kanonikur krebuls– CvenSi didi sjuliskanonis saxeliTicnobdnen da mas Tavisi saboloosaxe dedanSi miuRia wm. fotis RvawlisSedegad. igi bizantiaSi gamoCenila VIs-Si da sxva krebulebTan SedarebiT VIIs-dan upiratesoba moupovebia. igi, iv.javaxiSvilis TqmiT, IX-X ss-Si qarTuladacunda yofiliyo naTargmni. 276k. kekeliZe `did sjuliskanons~ miiCnevda1114 wlis Semdeg TargmniladXII s-is pirvel meoTxedSi, 277 TumcaTavis kerZo werilSi, romelic man vl.beneSeviCs gaugzavna, aRiarebda, romruis-urbnisis `Zegliswera~ gulisxmobs`didi sjuliskanonis~ qarTulad arsebobas,e.i. Zegli Targmnilia am krebamde.e. gabiZaSvili gamoTqvams Tavisgakvirvebas imis Sesaxeb, Tu ratom`uaryo k. kekeliZem es azri~. 278e. gabiZaSvili ar eTanxmeba iv. javaxiSvilisazrs `didi sjuliskanonis~ramdenime Targmanis arsebobis Sesaxebda miiCnevs, rom `arsen iyalToelismier Targmnili `didi sjuliskanoni~berZnuli 14-titlovani nomokanonis –erTaderTi Targmania qarTulad da esZegli arc manamde da arc Semdeg aryofila gadmoRebuli~. 279Tumca, kidev erTxel unda aRiniSnos,rom ivane javaxiSvils ar eeWvebodadidi sjuliskanonis dReisaTvis cnobiliTargmanis Sesruleba arsen iyal-Toelis mier, magram miiCnevda, rom igiar iyo pirveli mTargmneli da manamdecarsebobda Zvel TargmanTa redaqciebi.iv. javaxiSvilis es mosazreba, vfiqrobT,dResac misaRebia, Tumca ki mis mosazrebasyvela ar iziarebs. gasaziarebelia iv.javaxiSvilis Tvalsazrisi, rom arseniyalToels ar akmayofilebda didisjuliskanonis Zveli Targmanebi da amitomman igi xelaxla Targmna, SesaZloadaviT aRmaSeneblis davalebiT. 280amJamad miiCneva, rom 883 wels fotipatriarqis mier Camoyalibebuli dResacmoqmedi 14-titlovani nomokanonis redaqciisqarTuli Targmani Seasrula arseniyalToelma XI s-is bolosa da XII s-is dasawyisSi. 281`didi sjuliskanoni~ Seicavs:1. mociqulTa saxeliT cnobil 85kanons.2. msoflio saeklesio krebaTa kanonebs.3. im adgilobriv saeklesio krebaTakanonebs, romlebic TavianTi mniSvnelobiTada warmomadgenelTa didi avtoritetiTtradiciulad miCneulia am krebulSiSetanis Rirsad.4. eklesiis didi mamebis kanonebs.5. krebulis qarTul redaqcias er-Tvis agreTve ruis-urbnisis saeklesio276iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, gv. 38; 277 k. kekeliZe, qarTuli literaturis istoria I, 1960, gv. 284;278`didi sjuliskanoni~, gamosacemad moamzades e. gabiZaSvilma, e. giunaSvilma, m. dolaqiZem,Tbilisi, 1975, gv. 20; 279 iqve, gv. 19; 280 iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, gv. 41; 281 saRvTismetyvelo krebuli,1987, #1, gv. 1-3.


86 mitropoliti anania jafariZekrebis kanonebi, es kreba sruliad saqar-Tvelos mefis daviT aRmaSeneblis mieriyo mowveuli 1105 wels da mas gansakuTrebulimniSvneloba hqonda qarTulieklesiisaTvis. 282`didi sjuliskanonis~ Zveli qarTuliredaqciis teqsti zemoT miTiTebuliSedgenilobiT, gadmoRebuli axal qar-Tulze, gamoqveynebulia 1987 wlis saeklesiokalendarSi.melqisedek kaTalikosi Tavis `dawerilSi~(1031/33 ww.) Senawir wignTaSoris asaxelebs wigns - `Sjuliskanoniaxali~. 283 k. kekeliZe mas axlad gadawerilsjuliskanonad miiCnevs.iv. surgulaZe 284 miiCnevs, rom `didisjuliskanoni (XI-XII ss-is mijna) na-Targmnia arsen iyalToelis mier. nomokanoniberZnulad niSnavs kanons da wess.nomokanonebi ewodeba marTlmadideblursaeklesio samarTlis krebulebs, romlebicSeicaven eklesiis Sinaganawess,agreTve yofa-cxovrebisa da saojaxosamarTlis normebis debulebebs... sabolood,Camoyalibda IX s-is ukanasknelmeoTxedSi 14-titlovani nomokanonis, e.w.883 wlis redaqciis saxiT. man konstantinopolis920 wlis saeklesio krebazezogadqristianuli saxelmZRvanelosxasiaTi miiRo. kanonikuri kodeqsiswyaroebi oTx jgufad iyofa: 1. `mociqulTa~-ssaxeliT cnobili 85 saeklesiokanoni, romelic saeklesio kanonmdeblobispirvel werilobiT Zeglad iTvleba;2. msoflio saeklesio krebaTakanonebi; 3. adgilobrivi saeklesio kanonebi;4. avtoritetul saeklesio moRvaweTaepistolaruli kanonmdebloba.kanonikur kodeqsSi Sesuli wyaroebiskodifikacia TandaTan mimdinareobda IIIs-dan IX s-mde. am drois ganmavlobaSiepoqis saWiroebis mixedviT, icvlebakanonikuri krebulis Sinaarsobrivi Semadgenloba.nomokanons qristianul saxelmwifoSimoqmedi samarTlis mniSvnelobahqonda. Zegli qarTulad gadmoTargmniliaarsen iyalToelis mier XI s-ismiwurulsa da XII s-is pirvel wlebSi.arsen iyalToelia Zeglis qarTuladpirveli mTargmneli. 285282saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 507; 283 qarTuli istoriuli sabuTebis korpusi, 1984,gv. 24; 284 qarTuli samarTlis istoriis wyaroebi, 1984; 285 didi sjuliskanoni, 1975, gv. 18-19.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli87saeklesio samarTlis Zeglebis TargmanebiXVIII saukunis pirvel naxevarSi`mefisa da kaTalikosis saqme orisave swori arisimitom, rom erTi xorcis xelmwifea da meore sulisa~.(vaxt. kan. 25).zogjer ismis kiTxva – vaxtang VIkaTolikuri aRmsareblobisa iyo, Tu mar-Tlmadidebeli? am kiTxvas mefe-rjulmdebelmaTviTonve mravaljer upasuxa damarTlmadideblobis daufaravi aRmsareblobisgamo iZulebuli Seiqna qarTlissamefo taxti daetovebina osmaloTa dairanelTa nebiT, romelTa uRelqveSaciyo moqceuli Cveni qveyana im dros.sityvieri gancxadebis garda, vaxtangVI-m saqmiT daamtkica Tavisi marTlmadidebluriaRmsarebloba, gansakuTrebiT,samarTlis sferoSi muSaobis dros.Tavidanve unda vTqvaT, vaxtangma sxvadid marTlmadidebel erebze ufro adremisca qarTvel ers saeklesio sakanonmdebloZeglTa ganmartebani cnobili bizantielikanonistebisa, romelnic, cxadia,marTlmadidebeli eklesiis udidesimaswavleblebi iyvnen. esaa maTe blastaris`sintagma~ da konstantine armenopulos`eqvsi wigni~.maTe blastari (XIV s.) marTlmadideblurieklesiis kanonikuri samarTlisudidesi avtoritetia. misi mTavariiuridiuli Sromaa: alfabeturi sintagmamsoflio saeklesio krebaTa dadgenilebebisda saero kanonebisa. es naSromiman 1335 wels Seadgina, 286 misisruli saTauria `alfabeturi sintagmayvela sagnisa, romelsac Seicavs saRvToda wmida kanonebi~. misi wyaroebia _saeklesio krebaTa dadgenilebani dakanonebi, agreTve romis samarTalileon brZenis basilikamde. naSromiSeicavs 24 ganyofilebas berZnulianbanis rigis mixedviT.maTe blastaris `sintagma~ farTodiyo gavrcelebuli, warmoadgenda mar-Tlmadidebluri eklesiis erT-erT Ziri-Tad saxelmZRvanelos, igi saeklesiosjulmdeblobis mniSvnelovani wyaro iyomarTlmadideblur qveynebSi.konstantine armenopulo iyo nomofilaqsi(kanonTa mcveli da maTimarTebulad gamoyenebis magistrati).cxovrobda XIV s-Si, TesalonikSi,mravali iuridiuli Sromis avtoria,misi ZiriTadi naSromis saxeli SemoklebiTgamoiTqmis _ `eqvsi wigni~.misi wyaroa imperatorTa basilis,konstantines da leonis proxoroni(kanonTa saxelmZRvanelo), basilikis(mefeTa wignis) Semokleba (sinopsisi)da sasamarTlo praqtika, imperatorebisdadgenilebebi (leon brZenis,konstantine porfirogenetis, romanozI-is, romanoz III-is, nikiforefokas, basili II-is, aleqsi da manuelkomnenosebis novelebidan), leonbrZenis novelebis krebuli, sxva wyaroebi,aseve, mociqulTa da saekle-286i. doliZe, qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I. 1963, gv. 581.


88 mitropoliti anania jafariZesio krebaTa kanonebi, sinodisa dasapatriarqos dadgenilebebi. 287vaxtang VI marTlmadidebluri aRmsareblobismxurvale mosiyvarule romar yofiliyo, saqarTvelos miscemda aramarTlmadideblur (bizantiur) samarTals,aramed laTinurs.qarTvelma mTargmnelma armenopulos`eqvsi wignidan~ da blastaris `sintagmidan~amoiRo samarTlebrivi debulebebida normebi, zogjer ucvlelad,zogjer ki gaerTianebiT Seadginae.w. `berZnuli kanonebi~, anu berZnulisamarTlis qarTuli varianti. kompilacia`berZnul-romauli samarTlis~ mTavarikrebulebisa, gamoyenebul iqna bizantiisgviandel epoqaSi, rogorc sasuliero,ise saero sasamarTloebSi.gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia, rom mas Semdeg,rac bizantia Turqebma daipyresda berZnuli mosaxleobis saeklesioda samoqalaqo saqmeebis iurisdiqciamTlianad konstantinopolis sapatriarqosxelSi moeqca, blastaris `sintagma~da armenopulos `eqvsi wignis~kompilacia berZen sasuliero xelisufalTamier yoveldRiuri xmarebisaTvisgaxda saWiro~. 288`samarTali berZnuli~, anu berZnulromauli(bizantiuri) samarTlis versiawarmoadgens vaxtan VI-is `samarTliswignTa~ krebulis meore nawils.igi `friadi SromiT~ moipova `saberZneTSi~vaxtang VI-m. misi mTargmneliyofila episkoposi kvipriane samTavneli(eriskacobaSi kozma aragvis erisTavi).igi Semoqmedi mTargmneli iyo, eqvTimemTawmindelis msgavsi, rameTu misi Targmaniaris Tavisufali (alag-alag ganvrcobili,zogan Semoklebuli). mTargmnelsmaTe blastaris `alfabeturi sintagmisa~da armenopulos `eqvswigneulis~garda, sxva berZnuli wyaroebiTacusargeblia. berZnuli kanonebi mas da`brZen kacebs~ gadmouqarTulebiaT TviTvaxtang VI-is aqtiuri monawileobiT. igiSeicavs 418 muxls.Tvalis erTi gadavlebiTac ki aSkaraa,rom vaxtangis `berZnuli samarTali~,ZiriTadad, saeklesio samarTlis Zeglia,cxadia, es asec unda iyos, radganacigi zemoT aRniSnul saeklesio samarTlisganmmarteblebis Targmans warmoadgens,magram radganac saeklesio iurisdiqciasaero saqmeebzec vrceldebodaara mxolod saqarTveloSi, aramed qristianulaRmosavleTSi, amitomac `berZnulisamarTali~, cxadia, saero samarTlisZegladac SeiZleba CaiTvalos. amZeglSi mravali muxlis wyarod dasaxelebuliasaeklesio krebebis kanonebi,gansakuTrebiT ki VI msoflio krebisa,mociqulTa kanonebi `damtkicebulni krebaTagan~,msoflio avtoritetis mqoneadgilobriv krebaTa kanonebi, magali-Tad, laodikiisa, gangrisa, patriarqTada mamaTa mier gamocemuli kanonebi (timoTepatriarqis) da sxv.magaliTisaTvis moviyvanT zogierTTavs, romelic awesrigebs mefis urTierTobaseklesiasTan. magaliTad, 57-emuxlis Tanaxmad, VI krebis kanonis Sesabamisad,eriskacTagan mxolod mefesaqvs sakurTxevelSi wmida trapezTanziarebis neba, `rameTu RvTisagan dadginebulars da umetesad maRlad mjdomarearis patriarqTagan~. 289287iqve. gv. 580; 288 i. doliZe, qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I. 1963, gv. 589; 289 qarTulisamarTlis Zeglebi, I. gv. 146.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli89`berZnuli samarTlis~ 128-e muxlisTanaxmad, xelmwifes (mefes) neba aqvs,daasaqmos da brZaneba misces sasulieropirs, ufro metic, mas SeuZlia episkoposiaiyvanos mitropolitis xarisxSi,SeuZlia didi eparqia gayos da ramdenimeepiskoposs gaunawilos, SeuZliaepiskoposebis, anda mitropolitebis erTikaTedridan meoreze gadayvana, maTigamocvla, aZlevs maT wirva-locvisuflebas da aqvs sxva uflebebic sasulieropirTa mimarT. wyarod berZnulisamarTlis 128-e muxli asaxelebsqalkedonis krebis me-4 kanons.`xelmwife sjulisa da kanonis umdablesiara aris, rameTu masca aqvs xelmwifebaRvTisa mier-visic enebos episkopozisaaRamaRlebs, mitropolitad daayenebsda ukeTu episkopozTa bevri samwysoaqvs, gauyofs da sxvas episkopozsSeiqms, visic enebos, episkopozisa anumitropolitisa, gamoscvlis aqvs sxvacaxelmwifeba simarTliTa mRvdelmTavarTa.saqme es ipoebis meoTxe kanonsaxalkidonisa krebisa, rameTu xelmwifebamicemul ars mefeTaTvis, rameTuubrZanos visme samRvdeloTa kacTa, saerosamsaxuri aqnevinos, romelic man ubr-Zanos sjulis kanoni ar dauSlis samsaxursa,amisTvisca kanoni brZanebs~. 290sainteresoa muxli 330-e, romlismixedviTac laSqrobis dros, mahmadianebisda urjuloebis winaaRmdeg omisas(aseve, Tuki vinme amoRebuli xmliT miuxdeba),mRvdels SeuZlia, daaswros damoklas mteri, igi ar daisjeba, magramwirvis neba CamoerTmeva _ `aramed Rirsebada wesi ar gamoerTmeva~ (iqve, gv. 204).347-e muxliT ikrZaleba astrologia,magram sasurveladaa miCneuli astronomiis,ariTmetikis, musikisa dageometriis swavleba. 291vaxtang VI-m, agreTve, aTargmnina daTavisi samarTlis wignTa krebulSi Seitana`somexT mefeTa wigni samarTlisani~.mas TiTqmis ori wlis manZilze Targmnidnen.somxuri samarTlis qarTuliversia Sedgeba ori nawilisagan: siriul-romaulisamarTlis qarTuli versiisagan(muxli 1-150) da mxiTar goSissamarTlis wignis qarTuli versiisagan(muxli 151-431). `samarTali somxuris~wyaroebic miuTiTebs, rom igifaqtobrivad warmoadgens saeklesio samarTals,magram misi iurisdiqcia saerosaqmeebzec vrceldeba saxelmwifos qristianulixasiaTis gamo. `samarTalisomxuris~ Semdgenlebis TqmiT, es Zegliaris krebuli, romelSic Rirseuliadgili uWiravs wmida werilsa (Zvelisada axlis) da moses rjuls, mociqul-Ta kanonebs, `eklesiis mosamarTle mama-Ta~, basili didis, `wmida grigolparTelis SviliSvilis isakis dadebulwess~. nikeis msoflio krebis, anu `didikrebis~ kanonebs. krebuli aSkarad saeklesiosamarTlis Zeglia _ muxlebisumetesi nawili sasuliero pirebisqcevas aregulirebs.qarTul wyaroebSi iSviaTia is terminebi,romlebic `somxuri samarTlis~wignSi xSirad gvxvdeba. erTi aseTia`qadagi~ _ es sityva Cven gvxvdeba `mironiskurTxevis~ wesSi da sxvaganac. somxuriwignidan Cans, rom `qadagi~ arisTiTqmis episkoposis Rirsebis mqone (magramepiskoposze dabali) sasulieropiri, romelic wmida werilisa da kanonebisunaklo mcodnea, amave dros evaleba`moqmedeba uSiSari~. am kanonebis qad-290qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I, muxli 128, gv. 162; 291 muxli 342-e, iqve, gv. 210.


90 mitropoliti anania jafariZeageba da maTi aRsrulebis meTvalyureoba:`moqadageni unda iyvnen rigiTa uwinvemcodneli ZvelTa da axalTa uklebriv,wamkiTxavi kanonis brZanebisa,uSiSrad moqmedi da kaci Rirsi, filosofosida TeTris umoyvare~. 292 magali-Tad, 266-e muxlSi ganmartebulia, Turatom ar unda Caicvas kacma qalis,xolo qalma kacis tanisamosi, rom arSeiZleba maTi aRreva: `bevri avi borotiiqmnebis am rigis saqmiT. es saqadagebeliamoqadageTagan da mosamarTle-Tagan~, 293 e.i. tansacmlis sworad CacmisSesaxebac ki moqadagem unda iqadagos.aq, agreTve, xSirad gvxvdeba sityva`qorepiskopozi~ _ ganmartebulia maTiuflebani. es faqti imiTaa saintereso,rom IV s-is Semdeg, msoflio eklesiaSiinstituti `qorepiskoposobisa~ aikrZala,magram e.w. `qalkedonamdelma~ eklesiebmaigi SeinarCunes. am ZeglidanCans, rom `kaTalikosi~ eTanadeba nikeasI krebis me-4 kanonSi moxmobil `episkoposTaTavs~. 287-e Tavidan Cans, romoTxi maxareblis `mociqulTa taxtze~isxdnen kaTalikosebi (episkoposebi)aleqsandriisa, romisa, antioqiisa, magramkonstantinopols (`bizantias~) samociqulotaxtis Rirseba ar hqonda daigi efesodan `gaapares bizantias~. 294qarTuli samarTlis wignSi Setanili`moses samarTalic~, cxadia, saeklesiosamarTlis Zeglia.samarTlis wignTa krebulis SesavalSivaxtang VI-s samarTlianad ewodeba:`marTlmadideblobis mxne da mxedari,uflisa Zlieri moRvawe, qristeswarCinebuli stratilati, ebguri, samaradisomRviZare, sionisa rjulmtkicebiTaSeuryeveli sveti da godoli,gautexeli zRude marTlmadideblobiTda RvTis siyvaruliT SeuorgulebelibatoniSvili vaxtang~.vaxtang VI, marTlac, marTlmadideblobisWeSmariti burji iyo, amitomac,rogorc iTqva, aTargmnina bizantiurmarTlmadideblurisamarTlis wigni.jer kidev evropaSi elCobis gagzavnamde,rogorc `berZnuli samarTlis wignis~Targmani cxadyofs, vaxtang VI mar-Tlmadidebluri orientaciisa iyo, xoloevropidan xelmocaruli elCebis dabrunebisSemdeg, vaxtangma 1722 wels sajarodaRiara Tavisi marTlmadidebloba.292kanoni 154, q.s.Z. I, gv. 277; 293 iqve, gv. 321; 294 kanoni 154, q.s.Z. I, 327.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli91saeklesio samarTlis Zeglebis TargmanebiXX saukunis meore naxevarSisaqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliisgauqmebam, xolo Semdgom aTeistebis saxelmwifoebrivmagabatonebam XIX da XXss-Si, cxadia, didad Seaferxa saeklesiosamarTlis Zeglebis qarTul enazegadmoReba. qarTveli sasuliero pirebiam epoqaSi ZiriTadad rusul sasulierosaswavleblebSi iRebdnen ganaTlebasda sargeblobdnen kidec rusuli SesabamisiliteraturiT. mxolod XX s-is80-iani wlebis Semdeg, saqarTvelos ka-Tolikos-patriarq ilia II-is dros miecaSesaZlebloba wmida eklesias odnav maincgamoecocxlebina saqarTveloSi uZvelesixanidan arsebuli samarTlis ZeglebisTargmanis saqme. amas xeli Seuwyo`mcire~ da `didi~ sjuliskanonebis ZveliTargmanebis gamocemebma.aRniSnul wignebs eklesiaSi praqtikulidaniSnuleba aqvT, amitomac Cans,saWirod iqna miCneuli mcire sjuliskanoniserTi nawilis gadmoReba ZveliqarTuli enidan axalze. mis winasityvaobaSiaRniSnulia - `Targmanis redaqtirebasxelmZRvanelobda mTavarepiskoposikonstantine meliqiZe, redaqtirebaSiaseve monawilobdnen meufevaxtang axvlediani da giorgi cincaZe,saboloo redaqcia ekuTvnis uwmidessada unetaress, sruliad saqarTvelos ka-Tolikos-patriarq ilia II-s~. samwuxarod,mTargmnelis vinaoba gamocemaSiar aris aRniSnuli. rogorc aRiniSna,qarTul enaze iqna gadmocemuli aseve`didi sjuliskanoni~ da gamoqveynda 1987wlis saeklesio kalendarSi.eklesiisaTvis mniSvnelovani Sena-Zenia saeklesio kanonTa yvelaze avtoritetulikomentatorebis aristines,zonarasa da balsamonis komentarebisaxali qarTuli Targmanebi. 1987 welsTbilisSi daistamba es Sroma saxelwodebiT- `mociqulTa, msoflio da adgilobrivisaeklesio krebebisa da wmida


92 mitropoliti anania jafariZemamebis kanonTa komentarebi~, 295 aRniSnulikomentarebis mTargmnels, romlisvinaobac samwuxarod ar aris aRniSnuli,uTargmnia `sazRvargareTis rusulimarTlmadidebluri eklesiis warmomadgenelTagamocemidan: Rybuf ghfdbk d 30-[ xfcnz[ c fkafdbnysv erfpfntktv^Bplfybt


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli93Tavi mesamesaqarTvelos saeklesio samarTlis wyaroebisaeklesio samarTlis wyaroebs,rogorc zemoT aRiniSna, yofen or mTavarjgufad, pirvelSi igulisxmeba pirebida institutebi, romelTac Seqmnes samarTlisnormebi, meore ki warmoadgensdokumentebsa da Zeglebs, romlebSic gadmocemuliaaRniSnuli normebi.Zvel saqarTveloSi, iseve rogorcmsoflios sxva qristianul qveynebSi,eklesia ar iyo gamoyofili saxelmwifoebrivicxovrebidan. ufro metic,saqarTveloSi, rogorc garkveulia nikomaris mier, saero da sasuliero ZalauflebiserToba udavo faqts warmoadgenda.amis gamo, saqarTvelos saeklesiosamarTlis wyaroebis rkvevisas undagamovlindes saqarTveloSi arsebuli saeklesio-saxelmwifoebriviwarmoSobis institutebi.Cven mier gansakuTrebuliyuradReba eqceva amgvar erovnul saxelmwifo-saeklesioinstitutebisa dasaeklesio samarTlis normebis Semqmnelipirebis gamovlenasa da Seswavlas.aRsaniSnavia, rom erovnuli saxelmwifoebriobisryevis dros aRniSnul uflebebsiTvisebdnen dampyrobeli saxelmwifosmesveurebic.samarTlis wyaroebis meore jgufsmiekuTvneba dokumentebi da Zeglebi,romelnic gamoica zemoT aRniSnulTa mier.mravali aseTi dokumenti Tan erTvis Cvenmier ganxilul yvela saeklesio sakanonmdeblokrebas, agreTve zogierT mimdinarekrebas.


94 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaqarTvelos saeklesio samarTlis wyaroebi I-V saukuneebSiadgilobrivi eklesiis samarTlis erTerTumTavres wyaros warmoadgens saku-Tari krebebis mier miRebuli dadgenilebani,im SemTxvevaSi Tu igi avtokefaluria,magram Tu mas ar aqvs avtokefalia,maSin misi samarTlis wyaroazemdgomi, anu kiriarqaluri eklesiisdadgenilebani da miTiTebani. magaliTad,rusuli eklesia XV s-mde valdebuliiyo, aResrulebina konstantinopolissapatriarqos krebaTa, patriarqTa da sinodisyvela dadgenileba, radganac igiiqamde warmoadgenda konstantinopolissapatriarqos erT-erT mitropolias. mis-Tvis saeklesio samarTlis umTavreswyaros warmoadgenda msoflio patriarqTais sigelebi, romlebic Seexebodarusul eklesias da konstantinopolidanugzavnidnen rus mitropolitebs, episkoposebsada mTavrebs. 299msgavsadve, qarTuli eklesiisaTvissamarTlis mTavari wyaro avtokefaliismiRebamde iyo kiriarqaluri eklesia,xolo avtokefaliis miRebis SemdegsakuTar krebaTa dadgenilebani.maSasadame, imisaTvis, raTa gavarkvioTqarTuli eklesiis samarTlis mTavariwyaro, saWiroa misi avtokefaliis sakiTxisgarkveva, rodis an visgan miiRoavtokefalia. amJamindeli TvalsazrisiT,romelmac asaxva qarTul enciklopediaSicpova, Camoyalibebis dros, IV s-isdasawyisidan, qarTuli eklesia konstantinopolisiurisdiqciis qveS iyo, Semdegantioqiis iurisdiqciaSi moeqca,romlisganac V s-Si, petre fulonisdros, miiRo avtokefalia. maSasadame,mas IV-V ss-Si e.w. ori `dedaeklesia~hyavda, jer konstantinopolisa, Semdegki antioqiisa. istorikosebis aseTidaskvnebi saeklesio samarTlis monacemebsar Seesabameba.rogorc cnobilia, konstantinopoliSendeboda 325-330 wlebSi da igi 330wels akurTxes rogorc qalaqi dadedaqalaqi imperiisa. am dros misiepiskoposi, viTarca erT-erTi qalaqismRvdelmTavari, emorCileboda Tavis mitropolits,romelic qalaq irakliaSiijda. rusi kanonistebis mixedviT, amdroisaTvis, e.i. IV s-is 30-ian wlebSi,konstantinopolis episkoposs Tavisinormaluri sididis eparqiac ki ar hqonda.mxolod Semdeg gaafarTova man gavlenajer mxolod Tavis garSemo myof olqzeda TiTqmis saukune dasWirda, raTa TavisiurisdiqciaSi moeqcia 451 wlis qalkedonismsoflio krebis dasturiT iqamdeavtokefaluri diocezebi Trakiisa, asiisada pontosi.rodis daarsda oficialuri qarTulieklesia? Tu sxvadasxva istorikosismonacemebs SevajerebT, es moxda 317-326 wlebSi. 337 welic rom iyos esTariRi, mainc mivalT, samarTlebriviTvalsazrisiT, dilemamde, e.i. Tu qarTulieklesia daarsda 326 wels igi araviTarSemTxvevaSi konstantinopolisiurisdiqciaSi ar imyofeboda. Tu igidaarsda 337 wels, 330 wels daarsebuliqalaqis episkoposs mainc ar SeeZloigi Tavis iurisdiqciaSi moeqcia, rad-299Â. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîå ïðàâî, ñ. 99.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli95ganac rogorc ukve aRvniSneT, konstantinopolisepiskoposs Tavisi normalurisididis eparqiac ki ar hqonda im droisaTvisda kidevac rom moendomebina imperiisfarglebs gareT kavkasiis mTebTanmdebare eklesiis daqvemdebareba, amasmainc ver SeZlebda, radganac maSin konstantinopolsada saqarTvelos Sorispontos diocezis avtokefaluri eklesiaimyofeboda. saeklesio samarTlismixedviT, IV s-is 30-ian wlebSi aseTidaqvemdebareba SeuZlebeli iyo. msgavsadvesaeWvoa, antioqiis iurisdiqciac Cvenieklesiis mimarT.saeklesio samarTlis wyaroebis Ziebisasaucileblad unda gaviTvaliswinoTTviT qarTuli eklesiis Zveli moRvaweebismosazrebani avtokefaliis Sesaxeb.erTi aseTi, yvelaze ufro avtoritetuliiyo wmida giorgi mTawmideli, romlisavtoritetuloba sakanonmdeblosaqmeSi sagangebo muxliT daadasturaruis-urbnisis saeklesio krebamac. giorgimTawmidelis azriT, qarTuli eklesiadaarsebul iqna ara IV s-Si, aramed I-IIss-Si TviT mociqulTa mier, aqedan gamomdinare,igi msgavsad sxva mociqulTamier daarsebuli yvela eklesiisa, daarsebisTanaveavtokefaluri iyo, TanaxmadimJamindeli saeklesio samarTlisa. amisgamo, giorgi mTawmidelis azriT, antioqiissapatriarqos pretenziebi qarTulieklesiis mimarT ukanono iyo, antioqiiseklesia arasdros yofila qarTulieklesiis, e.w. `deda-eklesia~. Cvengiorgi mTawmidelis es Tvalsazrisimravalgzis gvaqvs qvemoT ganxiluli,amitomac aq aRar SevexebiT, magram ZvelqarTvel mecnier-moRvaweTa mosazrebebsadasturebs axali arqeologiuri monacemebic.marTlac, rogorc arqeologiurimasalebi adasturebs, saqarTveloSi IVs-mdec cxovrobdnen qristianebi, TavianTisalocavebiT (IV s-mdeli eklesiacki aRmoCnda nastakisSi). sainteresoa isic,rom II-III ss-Si CvenSi qristianul aRmsareblobasmaRal, mdidar fenebSic kiSeuRwevia, miT umetes, mravlad iqnebodaqristianTa ricxvi dabal fenaSi,romelSic saerTod gavrcelda Tavdapirveladqristianoba. 300 IV s-mde `qristianuliideologiis gavlenis zrdaqarTlis Zveli dedaqalaqis mosaxleobaSiSesamCnevi aris. rogorc Cans, igi mosaxleobissxvadasxva fenaSi gavrcelda.amis sailustraciod gamodgeba gvianantikurixanis samareebSi aRmoCeniliqristianuli simboloebi mcxeTa-samTavro-Si, agreTve, erwos velze `quSaanT gorissamarovanze~. amaze metyvelebs dakrZalvisqristianuli wesi, romelic dadasturda.301 iq dakrZalvis socialurikuTvnileba eWvs ar iwvevs, rogorc irkveva,qristianul ideologias qarTlissamefos maRal fenebSic gasCeniadasayrdeni oficialur saxelmwifo religiadgamocxadebamde~. 302III s-Si, Tuki qarTlis maRal feneb-Sic ki imdenad iyo fexmokidebuli qristianulisarwmunoeba, rom maRali wrisaxalgazrda (20-22 wlis) qristian qalbatonsdidebiT krZalavdnen sagangeboumdidres akldamaSi, qristianuli yovelgvariwesebis dacviT, maSin roca romisimperiaSi qristianebi katakombebSi imalebodnen,Cans, qarTlSi qristianTa ricx-300b. diasamiZe, qristes mociqulebi gonio-afsarosSi, r. ramiSvili, biWvintis uZvelesi eklesiebi,qristianuli arqeologiis mesame samedicino koncefcia, 1999, gv. 3, 6; 301 mcxeTa, arqeologiurikvleva-Ziebis Sedegebi; ramin ramiSvili, erwos veli gvianarmazul xanaSi, 1973; 302 Zeglismegobari, 1983, #63, gv. 37-38, seria, materialuri kulturis Zeglebi.


96 mitropoliti anania jafariZevi ara marto didia, aramed maRali fenacmaincdamainc ar krZalavs qristianobas.mematiane aRniSnavs kidec, rom III s-SiqarTlis mefe rev marTals saxelmwifokultis reformac ki Cautarebia qristianulimoralis Sesabamisad. ufrometic, arsebobs II-III ss-Ta qristianTasaflavebis arqeologiuri monapovrebiTiTqmis mTel saqarTveloSi, maT Soris _bavSvebisa. saeklesio samarTlis mxriv ampirvel qristianebs, cxadia, unda hyolodaTsamRvdeloeba, mRvdlis gareSe armoxdeboda naTloba, qristiani ki mxolodmonaTluli adamiani iyo. maSasadame, qristianTaarseboba TavisTavad gulisxmobsqarTlSi samRvdeloebis arsebobas. magramiyvnen Tu ara episkoposebi?nikeamdeli epoqis saeklesio samarTlisuZveles Zegls warmoadgens `didaqe~– `Tormeti mociqulis moZRvreba~,ganekuTvneba I-II ss-Ta mijnas. masSiaris ramdenime kanoni saeklesio-iuridiulixasiaTisa (XI-XVI TavebSi).`didaqeSi~ ar moixsenebian presviterebi(mRvdlebi), aramed mxolod episkoposebida diakvnebi (maT garda mosiarule mociqulebi,winaswarmetyvelebi da moZRvrebi).303 saqme isaa, rom, rogorc aRiniSna,uZveles periodSi, swored episkoposebiiyvnen momaqcevelebi xalxisa, anudRevandeli mniSvnelobiT mRvdlebi. magramam episkoposebs sruli iurisdiqciulidamoukidebloba hqondaT. amis SesaxebTviT `didaqeSia~ miTiTeba XV Tavis1-el muxlSi. Cven imis Tqma gvsurs,rom samarTlebrivi damokidebulebismxriv, qarTlSi myofi qristianuli TemisaTvis,anu pirvelsaukuneTa eklesiisaTvissaeklesio samarTlis wyaros warmoadgendasakuTari episkoposi, im droisaTvisigive mRvdeli.vin adgenda pirvel qristianTa episkoposs?rogorc aRvniSneT, episkoposi avtokefalurisamarTlebrivi subieqti iyoda mas adgenda TviT konkretuli qristianuliTemis xalxi, ubralo morwmuneebi.`didaqes~ aRniSnuli muxli avaldebulebsqristianebs: `XV, 1. daadgineTTqvenTvis episkoposebi da diakvnebi,Rirsni uflisa, kacni mSvidni da uvercxloni,WeSmaritni da gamocdilni, romwinaswarmetyvelTa da moZRvarTa liturgiaamsaxuron maTac Tqven Soris. 2. armoiZagoT isini, radganac Tqven mierwinaswarmetyvelTa da moZRvarTa daradarian pativdebulni~. 304aqedan gamomdinare, I-II ss-Ta da amaveepoqis mcxeTel qristianebs uTuod undahyolodaT maT mierve gamorCeuli episkoposi,mociqulTa swavlis `didaqes~ Sesabamisad.es episkoposi iyo TavisTavadi,ara sxva qalaqis an ucxo qveynisepiskoposis mier gamogzavnili, aramed TviTmorwmuneTa mier gamorCeuli Rirsebebisgamo (kacni mSvidni, uvercxloni da a.S.).unda davaskvnaT, rom Tu CvenSi namdviladiqadages mociqulebma da gaavrcelesqristianoba, Cvens pirvel qristianebs`didaqes~ mixedviT episkoposebiTavdapirveladve hyavdaT, es episkoposebiki iyvnen samarTlis wyaro pirveli qristianulieklesiebisaTvis.`mociqulTa epoqaSi presviteri xSiradewodeboda episkoposs da piriqiT,episkoposi – presviters~. 305presviters uwodebdnen TavianT Tavspetre (I petre, 5, 1), ioane da sxvamociqulebi, saeklesio sazogadoebis303Â. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîå ïðàâî, ñ. 46; 304 moZRvreba Tormeti mociqulisa, jvari vazisa, e. WeliZisTargmani, 1988, #3, gv. 35; 305 saqme mociqulTa, XX, 17-18, 28; I petre 5,2; tite 15,7; I tim. III, 12,7.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli97saTaveSi mdgomT miemarTebodaT agreTvesxva saxelwodebebic, magaliTad: `mwyemsebi~,`winamZRolni~, `winamZRvarni~. 306xucesisa da episkoposis urTierTmimarTebisSesaxeb werda aseve efremmcire, Tavis komentarebSi, romelicdaurTo dionise areopagelis wignebs: -`Seiswave, viTarmed maSin jereT episkoposTamRdel uwodian da mRdelTaepiskopos, rameTu arRa gankuTvnil iyvnessaxelni ese~. 307maSasadame, aseTi mRvdeli episkoposebi(am sityvis Tavdapirveli mniSvnelobiT)unda hyolodaT Tavdapirvel mcxe-Tel qristianebs (II-III ss), erwoelebs(erwoSic arqeologiuri masalis mixedviT,arsebobda qristianTa Temi),wilknelebs da sxva mraval daba-sofels,vidre WiaTuris raionis sofel rganamde(arqeologiuri masalis mixedviT aqacaris aRmoCenili II-III ss-is qristianulisamarxebi da naSTebi) da sxvagan.mociqulTa mier am pirveli episkoposebisaTvismocemuli iyo `mociqulTakanonebis~ 34-e muxli – `yvela erisepiskoposebma unda icodnen maT Sorispirveli da Tavi episkoposi da araferizedmeti ar unda gaakeTon mis gareSe,aramed yoveli maTgani mxolod imas undaakeTebdes, rac sasargebloa misi eklesiisaTvisda misTvis daqvemdebarebuli soflebisaTvis,magram nurc (pirveli) episkoposigaakeTebs nurafers sxvebTan SeTanxmebisgareSe, vinaidan mxolod aseaResruleba erTneboba da idideba Rmer-Ti uflis mier suli wmidiT~. 308rogorc cnobilia, es `mociqulTakanonebi~ wmida eklesiaSi gamoCnda IVs-Si (anda III s-is bolos), anu daaxloebiTim dros, roca qarTlis samefoojaxma oficialurad miiRo qristianulisarwmunoeba da moiqca mTeli qarTvelieri, es kanonebi avaldebulebda iqamdeqveyanaSi arsebul patar-patara qristianulTemTa mraval episkoposs, imavemRvdlebs CamoeyalibebinaT saeklesio centralizebulieklesia, mtkiced SeekraTigi TavianT Soris `pirveli~, anu Taviepiskoposis gamorCeviT. unda vifiqroT,rom wm. ninos dros antioqiidan CamosuliberZeni episkopati albaT am sakiTx-Si, anu centralizebuli saeklesio organizaciisSeqmnaSi Tu daexmara adgilobrivaxalmoqceul xalxsa da saxelmwifos.yovel SemTxvevaSi, msofliosaeklesio kanonebis mcodneTa Tanaxmad,im droisaTvis, yvela eris eklesia (IVs-is dasawyisSi) – avtokefaluri iyo, 309rogorc 34-e kanonic moiTxovs. anugaqristianebuli xalxis SigniT myofmaepiskoposebma erTmaneTs Soris unda gamoirCionpirveli episkoposi da daemor-Cilon mas. pirveli episkoposi, anu mTavarepiskoposi(imJamindeli gagebiT) ariniSneba ucxoeTidan, mas adgilze irCevenda, Sesabamisad, adgilobrivi eklesiissamarTlis wyaroa sakuTari eklesiisepiskopatisa da `pirvelis~ dadgenilebani.aseve unda yofiliyo qarTlis eklesiaSicIV s-is dasawyisSi. TiTqosda,aseve unda esmodes es sakiTxi ruisurbnisiskrebis Zegliswerasac, romelicIV s-Si am axal organizebul Tucentralizebul qarTuli eklesiis pirvelmeTaurs ukve kaTalikoss, anu `sayovelTaoepiskoposs~ uwodebs.306wm. klimenti romaeli, Jurn, `gza samefo, danarTi, 1997, #3, gv. 9, Targmani g. zviadaZisa; 307wm. dionise areopageli, SeniSvnebi s. enuqaSvilisa, 1961, gv. 261; 308 didi sjuliskanoni, saeklesiokalendari, 1987. gv. 166; 309 Ñ. Òðîèöêèé, Î Öåðêîâíîé àâòîêåôàëèè, ÆÌÏ, 1950, ¹7, ñ. 39; wignSi`saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, 1996, gv. 185-203.


98 mitropoliti anania jafariZeara marto ruis-urbnisis sakanonmdeblokreba, aramed sxva mkvlevarebic(efrem mcire) IV s-is qarTuli eklesiispirvel meTaurs – kaTalikoss uwodeben.ruis-urbnisis wmida kreba brZanebs:wm. ninom `miizida yoveli savseba yovel-Ta qarTvelTa naTesavisa sakvirvelT moqmedebiTaniSeb SemosilTa saswaulTaY-Ta, raJams igi qarTvelTa mefeman mirianmefeTa Soris didisa konstantinessa mivlinebiTada misgan gamoTxoYTa mefobisaTvisisa qalaqad mcxeTad STamoiyvanaevstaTi didi saydris mpyrobeli antioqielTaeklesiisa da wmidaTa mier xelTamisTa naTel iRo man da yovelman ermanqarTlisaman, da TviT patriarqTa SorissaxelganTqmulman evstaTi xeliTa Tvisi-Ta STadva safuZveli maSin sadme mcxeTasaRSenebulisa eklesiisaY, romelica friadisaTana gulmodginebisa ganasrulesra maT, ganwmida igi da xeldasmulyo masSina episkoposi-kaTolikosi~. 310saerTod, `kaTalikosi~ – mravalian ramdenime episkoposis sayovelTao,pirvel aRmatebul an gamorCeul episkoposserqva, sityva `kaTalikosi~ TavisTavadgulismobs ramdenime episkoposisarsebobas am kaTalikosis, anu `sayovelTaos~xelqveviT.ruis-urbnisis kreba axsenebs kidecsityvas `yovlisa~. wm. ninom, misi ganmartebiT,moaqcia ara mxolod aRmosavleTsaqarTvelos qarTveloba, aramedsrulad saqarTvelos, maT Soris dasavleTsaqarTvelos qarTvelobac `miizidayoveli savseba yovlisa qarTvelTa naTesavisa~,iseve, rogorc ufro adre, amavekrebis gansazRvrebiT, andria pirvelwodebulmagaanaTla ara mxolod dasavleTsaqarTvelo aramed `yovelisaqarTvelo~, maT Soris aRmosavleTic– andria `Cvenamdec moiwia da qadagasacxovrebeli qadageba saxarebisa yovelsaqveyana saqarTvelosa~. 311amitom, rodesac `Zegliswera~ ambobs,rom evstaTi antioqielma patriarqma mefemirianis dros `xeldasxmulyo episkoposi-kaTalikosi~,ruis-urbnisis krebaam kaTalikosis xelqveiT gulisxmobssxva episkoposebis arsebobas, romelTaSorisac mociqulTa 34-e kanonis Tanaxmad,erTi `pirveli~, anu sayovelTaounda iyos, romlis kanonizeba anu kurTxevaunebebia antioqiel patriarqs, mniSvnelobaara aqvs imas, igi Camoyvaniliiyo Tu mkvidri, eTnikuri qarTveli Tuucxoeli. am `kaTalikosis~ xeldasxmuloba,ukve TavisTavad gulisxmobda sxvaepiskoposebis mier mis aRiarebas, viTarcamaT Soris pirvelsa da sayovelTaos. sxvasakiTxia is, namdvilad SeiZleboda Tuara, rom rqmeoda termini `kaTalikosi~eklesiis meTaurs IV s-Si.yovel SemTxvevaSi, imJamindeli msofliosaeklesio samarTali moiTxovdaerTi qveynis SigniT myof episkoposebsgamoerCiaT maT Soris `pirveli~. albaTam `pirvels~ gulisxmobda ruis-urbnisiskreba IV s-Si xeldasxmuli `kaTalikosis~qveS.karTagenis (419) krebis me-17 muxlisTanaxmad, `TiToeul samTavros, Tuis Sorsaa, unda hyavdes Tavisi mTavarepiskoposi~- e.i. avtokefaluri ierarqi.saeklesio samarTlis wyaro IV-V ss-Si, mas Semdeg, rac ukve namdvilad iqnaorganizebuli erTiani qarTuli eklesiasamefo saxlisa da saxelmwifos mzrunvelobiT,ganxiluli gvaqvs, agreTve, aqveparagrafebSi `kaTalikosi~ da `patriarqi~.310didi sjulis kanoni, 1975, gv. 546; 311 iqve, gv. 545.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli99Cveni naSromis arsidan gamomdinare,gansakuTrebul yuradRebas mivapyrobTpirvel saukuneebSi qristianTa mierkrebaTa mowvevis wesebs, `didaqe~, anu`Tormeti mociqulis moZRvreba~ avaldebulebdaII-III ss-Ta qristianebs `xSiraderTad Sekrebas~ (`didaqe~, XVI, 2).gansakuTrebiT ki kvira dRes `ufliskviradRes SeikribeT, gantexeT puri daaRavlineT samadlobeli, aRiareT Secodebani,rom wmida iyos msxverpli Tqveni~(`didaqe~, XVI, 1). swored am Sekrebebisdros unda `daedgina TavisTvis~ qristianulTems Tavisi axali episkoposi:`daadgineT TqvenTvis episkoposebi dadiakvnebi, Rirsni uflisa, kacni mSvidnida uvercxloni, WeSmaritni dagamocdilni, rom winaswar-metyvelTa damoZRvarTa liturgia amsaxuron maTacTqvens Soris~ (`didaqe~, XV, 1).sxva saeklesio-sakanonmdeblo Zegli,`wmida mociqulTa kanonebi~ (amJamad moqmedisaeklesio samarTalia) Tavis 37-ekanonSi acxadebs: `episkoposTa kreba undaSedges weliwadSi orjer~, pirveladsuliwmidis dResaswaulis dReebSi(meoTxe kviras), meored ki 12 seqtembers.312 Cans, es kanoni moqmedebda III s-sa da IV s-is dasawyisSi, radganac 325wels Semdgari pirveli msoflio nikeiskrebis kanonebis mixedviTac aseTive wesiadadgenili weliwadSi orjer krebismowvevisa, kerZod, me-5 kanonis Tanaxmad,`TiToeul samTavroSi weliwadSiorjer Catardes episkoposTa kreba~. 313es kanonebi, cxadia, SeexebodasaqarTveloSi arsebul qristianul Temebsac,rogorc aRiniSna, saqarTveloSimociqulTa droidan qristianuli Temebisarsebobis Sesaxeb migviTiTebs,rogorc werilobiTi wyaroebi, ise arqeologiuriaRmoCenebi. 314nikeis zemoT aRniSnuli I msofliokrebis me-4 kanoni romis imperiis SigniTarsebuli provinciis (anuZvelqarTulad - `samTavros~) avtokefaluroba- TavisTavadobas warmoaCens.am kanonis ZaliT `episkoposi unda daadginossamTavros yvela episkoposma... amqmedebas sabolood amtkicebs samTavrosmitropoliti~. 315samTavroSi, anu provinciaSi (saxelmwifoadministraciul erTeulSi) Tuarsebobda ori an meti episkoposi, maTSoris upiratesoba unda miniWebodasamTavros dedaqalaqSi mjdoms (aqedanaa`mitropolitis~ wodeba), romelicdamoukidebeli, avtokefaluri mmarTvelia.karTagenis saeklesio krebis kanonebisIV, 12 muxlis Tanaxmad samTavrosepiskoposs gangeb ar unda gaeyo TavisisamTavro or saepiskoposo nawilad (saeroxelisufalTa daxmarebiT), raTa TviTonmieRo mitropolitis pativi, e.i. mis xelqveiTxelovnurad ar unda aRmoCeniliyoramdenime episkoposi, 316 e.i. samitropolitoerTeulebis gazrda SeizRuda.romis imperiis provinciaTa eklesiebierTmaneTis mimarT avtokefalurni iyvnenda rogorc qvemoT aRvniSnavT, maTi ricxviasobiT iyo (am sakiTxs eZRvneba sagangebostatia `qarTuli eklesiis uflebrivimdgomareobis Sesaxeb IV s-Si~). 317IV s-is dasawyisidanve, rogorc cnobilia,TandaTanobiT daiwyo Semcirebaavtokefaluri eklesiebis ricxvma, ma-312saq. ekl. kalendari, 1987, gv. 167; 313 iqve, gv. 179; 314 a. jafariZe, saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis istoria, t. 1, 1996, gv. 127-143; 315 saq. ekl. kalendari, 1987, gv. 178; 316 iqve, gv. 492;317saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesia, t. 1, 1996, gv. 185-204; 318 saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari,1987, gv. 493.


100 mitropoliti anania jafariZegram eklesiaTa (provinciaTa eklesiebise.w. `samTavroebis~) avtokefalias umtkicesadicavda msoflio krebebi, es gansakuTrebiTgamoikveTa III msoflio krebisme-8 kanonSi da ufro adre ki IImsoflio krebis me-2 kanonSi. Tumca TviTI msoflio krebis me-6 kanonma daadasturafaqti imisa, rom imperiis udidesi(saimperio) dedaqalaqebis garSemomyofi eklesiebi ukve damorCilebulniiyvnen dedaqalaqeli episkoposis xelisuflebas(aseT dedaqalaqebad aRiarebuliqnen romi, aleqsandria da antioqia).imave faqts aRiarebda laodikiis krebis57-e kanoni `mcire qalaqebis episkoposebidamokidebulni unda iyvnen dididedaqalaqebis episkoposebze~. 318II msoflio krebis me-2 kanonma pirdapiraukrZala aleqsandriisa da antioqiisepiskoposebs kidev ufro metadgaefarToebinaT TavianTi xelisuflebamcire saepiskoposo erTeulebis avtokefaliisgauqmebis xarjze, kerZod, sworedantioqiis Zlieri eklesiis gavlenis gafarToebisSesaneleblad krebam xazgasmiTcno pontos, asiisa da Trakiis uamraviepiskoposis TviTmmarTveloba _ avtokefalia.kerZod, kanonSi aRniSnulia:`eklesiaTa keTilad gangebisa da mSvidobisaTvisarc erT episkoposs ara aqvsufleba gascdes Tavisi eklesiissazRvrebs da SeiWras sxva eklesiissazRvrebSi, raTa ar moaxdinos eklesiebisaRreva. kanonTa Tanaxmad, aleqsandriisepiskoposi unda ganagebdes mxolod egviptiseklesiebs, aRmosavleTis episkoposebiunda ganagebdnen mxolod aRmosavleTiseklesiebs. daculi unda iyos nikeis kanonebiTdawesebuli pativi antioqiis eklesiisa.asiis soflebis episkoposebiunda ganagebdnen mxolod asiis eklesiebs,pontoeli episkoposebi unda mar-Tavdnen mxolod pontos eklesiebs, xoloTrakiis episkoposebi mxolod Trakiiseklesiebs. episkoposi ar unda gavidesTavis samrevlo eklesiis farglebidanxeldasxmisaTvis, an sxva raime saeklesiogangebisaTvis mowodebis an miwvevisgareSe, TiToeul samTavros (eparqias)ganagebs amave samTavros kreba nikeaSigansazRvruli kanonis Tanaxmad, xolowarmarTTa Soris arsebuli ucxo tom-Ta eklesiebi unda ganagon mamaTa mierdawesebuli Zveli kanonebis mixedviT~. 319II msoflio krebis kanoni (me-2)adasturebs, rom romis imperiaSi yvelasamTavros (provinciis) eklesia(eparqia) iyo avtokefaluri, garda ramdenimededaqalaqis garSemo myofi eklesiisa.swored ase esmis es sakiTxiudides kanonists Teodor balsamons,igi werda II msoflio krebis me-2 kanonisganmartebisas: `miaqcie yuradReba,rom am kanonis Tanaxmad provinciebiseklesiebis yvela mitropolitiavtokefaluri iyo da xeldasxmuliiyo Tavis krebis mier~. 320balsamoni amasTan dakavSirebiT werda:(D lhtdyjcnb dct vbnhjgjkbnstgfh[bb ,skb ytpfdbcbvs (fdnjrtafkmws)b herjgjkfuftvs ,skb cdjqvbcj,cndtyysvb cj,jhfvb)& 321balsamonis azriT, im droisaTvis(igulisxmeba IV s-is 80-iani wlebamde)romis imperiaSi 100-ze meti avtokefalurieklesia arsebobda, radganacyvela provinciis eklesia avtokefaluriiyo. 320319II ms. krebis me-2 kanoni, saq. eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 210; 320 C& nhjbwrbq^ J Wthrjdyjqfdnjrtafkbb^ :VG^ 1950^ +7^ c& 39$ 321 Ghfdbkf cdzns[ dctktycrb[ Cj,jhjd c njkrjdfybzvb^ x& 1^ V&1877^ c& 85^ 87&


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli101qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliisSesaxeb Teodore balsamoni swored IImsoflio krebis me-2 kanonis ganmartebisaswers (swored es kanoni miaCnda maseklesiaTa avtokefalurobis uflebiserT-erT uZveles safuZvlad): `nugaikvirveb, Tu sxva eklesiebsac ipoviavtokefalurad, rogorc bulgareTis eklesias,kviprosisa da iberiisas. bulgareTisarqiepiskoposi - pativSi aiyvanaiustiniane mefem... kviprosis arqiepiskoposipativSi aiyvana III msofliokrebam, xolo iberiis episkoposipativSi aiyvana antioqiis krebis dadgenilebam.amboben, rom maSin rodesacRvTaebrivi qalaqis didi antioqiis uwmidespatriarqad iyo ufali petre,gamotanil iqna krebis dadgenileba, romiqnes Tavisufali da avtokefalurieklesia iberiisa, romelic eqvemdebarebodaantioqiis patriarqs~. 322amave cnobas TiTqmis ucvlelad imeorebsXIV s-is didi kanonisti maTeblastari: - `Semdegi eklesiebi ar eqvemdebarebianarc erT patriarqs: bulgareTiseklesia, romelsac pativi mianiWaiustiniane mefem, rogorc es cnobiliaxsenebuli novelebidan, kviprosis eklesia,amas pativi mianiWa III da VI krebam,iberielTa eklesia, romelsac pativimieniWa antioqiis krebis dadgenilebiT(winaT is antioqias eqvemdebareboda),maTi mRvdelmTavrebi, Cveulebriv,xelT-isxmebodnen sakuTariepiskoposebisagan~. 3231185-91 wlebSi antioqiis patriarqadarCeuli, ufro adre ki konstantinopolispatriarqis mTavari iuridiulimrCeveli, Teodore balsamoni, rogorcfiqroben, antioqiis patriarq petres qveS,romelmac TiTqosda antioqiis krebis dadgenilebiTiberiis eklesias avtokefaliamianiWa, gulisxmobda petre III-s(1053-1057), Tumca sxvebi am petresaigiveben antioqiis patriarq petremkawvralTan, rac saeWvoa (es petremkawvreli, igive fuloni, monofizitobiserT-erTi eresiarqi, gansakuTrebiTsZuldaT Zvel saqarTveloSi da miiCnevdnen,rom igi qarTlis mTavarepiskoposmamiqaelma, sxva qarTvel episkoposebTanerTad Caqola somxeT-saqarTvelossazRvarTan). ramdenad sworad gadmoscemsbalsamoni qarTuli eklesiisaTvisavtokefaliis miniWebis ambebs, ueWveliaTu ara misi cnobebi? am mxriv Sei-Zleba gamogvadges balsamonis amave cnoba-Si moTxrobili magaliTi kviprosis eklesiisa.balsamonis mtkicebiT, kviprosiseklesias avtokefalia mianiWa III msofliokrebam. magram, rogorc sayovelTaodaacnobili, kviprosis eklesias III msofliokrebam avtokefalia ki ar mianiWa,aramed piriqiT, misi ZvelTaganve arsebuliavtokefalia daicva! cxadia, esmomenti cnobilia balsamonisTvis daamitomac mohyavs mas kviprosis avtokefaliismagaliTi II msoflio krebis me-2 kanonis ganxilvisas, romlis mixedvi-Tac romis imperiis provinciebis eklesiebiavtokefalurebi iyvnen.rogorc cnobilia, 381 welskviproselma episkoposebma efesos IIImsoflio krebas warudgines sityvierida werilobiTi saCivari imis Sesaxeb,rom antioqiis episkoposi moqmedebdasaeklesio wesTa da wmida mamebis kanonissawinaaRmdegod, rodesac bedavdakviprosze xeldasxmas. `krebis ganCinebisTanaxmad kviprosel episkoposebs322georgika, t. VIII, 1970, gv. 18; 323 georgika, t. VIII, gv. 120.


102 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaeklesio kanonebisamebr TviT unda hqondeTTavisive episkoposebis xeldasxmisufleba. es wesi Seucvlelad unda iyosdaculi sxva gansagebelTa (olqTa) daeparqiaTa mimarTac. nurc erTi episkoposinu miitacebs sxva eparqias, romelicTavidanve da ZvelTaganve ar emorCilebodamas da ar iyo mis winamorbed saydrismpyrobelTa gamgeblobis qveS. xoloTu vinme miitacebs da daimorCilebs sxviseparqias iZulebiT, igi unda gan-Tavisufldes, raTa ar dairRves mamaTakanoni da mRvdelmTavrobaSi Tavi ar undaiCinos saero mTavrobismoyvareobis ampartavnebamda medidurobam. wmida msofliokrebam daadgina agreTve, rom Ti-Toeulma eparqiam wmidad daicvas ZveliCveuleba da wesi. TiToeulma mitropolitmaunda waiRos am kanonis asliTavis simtkicisaTvis. Tu vinme am dadgenilebissawinaaRmdego wess SemoiRebs,msoflio kreba mas daumtkiceblad CaTvlisda mas ar eqneba Zala~. 324msoflio krebis am kanonidan naTladCans, rom IV s-is miwurulsac kiwmida sayovelTao eklesia moiTxovdamtkiced yofiliyo daculi samitropolitoTa(gansagebelTa, samTavroTa, eparqiaTa)avtokefalia, kerZod, kreba moiTxovdaSeuryeveli yofiliyo am avtokefaliaTasafuZveli. esaa `Zvel CveulebaTawesis~ ucvleloba, `mamaTa kanonebis~urRveoba. ra iyo `Zveli Cveulebada wesi~, ras iTxovda `mamaTa kanoni~? -es iyo provinciaTa eklesiebis avtokefalurobisdacva, rom `TiToeul provincias(samTavros) ganagebdes amave samTavroskreba nikeaSi gansazRvruli kanonis Tanaxmad.xolo warmarTTa Soris arsebuliucxo tomTa eklesiebi ganagon mamaTa mierdawesebuli Zveli kanonebis mixedviT~ (IImsoflio krebis me-2 kanoni).balsamonma, rogorc aRvniSneT, kargadicis, rom kviprosis eklesia, romelicTviT mociqulTa dros daarsda,Tavidanve avtokefaluri iyo. magram, radganacmisi avtokefalia daicva III msofliokrebam, amitomac moixseniebs amkrebas: `kviprosis arqiepiskoposi pativSiaiyvana III krebam~, e.i. ukve avtokefalurikviprosis eklesiis saarqiepiskoposopativi aRiara, daicva da daamtkicaIII msoflio krebam.aqedan gamomdinare, msgavsadve, balsamonismier naTqvami, rom `iberiis arqiepiskoposipativSi aiyvana antioqiiskrebis dadgenilebam~ ar unda gavigoTise, TiTqosda antioqiis krebam petrespatriarqobis dros V Tu XI s-Si avtokefaliamianiWa qarTul eklesias,aramed, iseve rogorc kviprosis eklesiaiyo damoukidebeli, xolo III msofliokrebam daicva es avtokefalia, aseveqarTuli eklesia aRniSnul petremdeciyo avtokefaluri da petres dros antioqiiskrebam cno, anda daicva ukvearsebuli avtokefalia. marTlac, ase Cans`giorgi mTawmidelis cxovrebidanac~:antioqiis patriarqs petre III-s moaxsenesbizantielebma qarTuli eklesiissruli avtokefaliis Sesaxeb: `meufeo,eklesiani da mRvdelmTavarni qarTlisaniara romlisa patriarqisa xelmwifebasaqueSe arian da yovelni saeklesioni wesnimaT mier ganegebian da TviT daisumenkaTalikosTa da episkoposTa, da arasamarTal ars ese, rameTu aTormetTamociqulTagan aravin misrul ars qveya-324III msoflio krebis me-8 kanoni, saq. eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 251; 325 giorgi mcire, cxovrebagiorgi mTawmidelisa, Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, 1967, wigni II, gv. 152.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli103nasa maTsa da jer ars, raTa qalaqsaamas RvTisasa (e.i. antioqias) da saydarTamociqulTa Tavisasa daemorCilnenda amissa xelmwifebasa qveSe iyvnen.rameTu naTesavni ars umecari da samwysoYmcire da Cuenda maxlobel arian dajer ars, raTa xelmwifebasa queSe antioqielipatriarqisasa imwyemsebodin daikurTxebodes kaTalikozi maTi da viyvneTCven erT samwyso da erT mwyems~. 325aqedan Cans, rom balsamonis miernaxseneb `antioqiis krebis dadgenilebamde~,romelmac TiTqosda XI s-SiqarTul eklesias avtokefalia mianiWa,qarTuli eklesia didi xnis avtokefaluriiyo, kerZod:1. misi episkoposebi ar emorCilebodnenucxoeTis arc erT patriarqs(rogorc zemoT moyvanilidan Cans).2. yoveli adgilobrivi saeklesiowesi saqarTveloSive `ganegeba~.3. saqarTvelos eklesiaSi `TviTdaisumen kaTalikosTa da episkoposTa~.e.i. qarTul eklesias aqvs srulidamoukidebloba, magram antioqielTaTvalsazrisiT, saeklesio samarTali amfaqtis arsebobiT darRveulia _ `arasamarTal ars ese~ ratom? imitom, rom`aTormetTa mociqulTagan aravin misrulars qveyanasa maTsa~. maSasadame,qarTuli eklesiis avtokefalia mxolodim SemTxvevaSi CaiTvleboda samarTlebrivad,mociquls rom daearsebina es eklesia(esaa antioqielTa da, saerTod,VI-XI ss-is saeklesio Tvalsazrisi).aqedan Cans, Tu ra cvlilebebi ganicadasaeklesio praqtikam avtokefaliisTeoriis Sesaxeb IV s-dan XI s-mde,kerZod, Tuki IV s-Si TviT umciresiprovinciebis avtokefalia yovelgvariwina pirobis gareSe samarTlebriv movlenadiTvleboda da amitomac mas mkacradicavda pirveli msoflio krebebi,XI s-saTvis avtokefalurobis safuZvladukve miiCneva Tormet mociqulTaganromelimes mier mocemuli eklesiisdafuZneba. amitomac, antioqiis krebisada patriarqis winaSe misul wm. giorgimTawmidels unda gaebaTilebina misi eklesiiswinaSe wamoyenebuli braldeba _`mociqulTagan aravin misrul ars qveyanasamaTsa~. 326 Tuki giorgi mTawmidelidaamtkicebda, rom mociqulebma daafuZnessaqarTvelos eklesia, es iqneboda qarTulieklesiis avtokefaliis samarTlebrivisafuZveli. marTlac, giorgi mTawmidelmamoiTxova wigni `mimosvlaY andria mociqulisa~,romelSic aRwerili iyo mociqulTasaqarTveloSi qadageba, maSasadame,es iyo saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliissamarTlebrivi safuZveli XIs-Si, amiT gamZlavrebulma giorgi mTawmidelmapasuxad moaxsena krebas da patriarqs`wmidao meufeo, Sen ityvi vi-Tarmed Tavisa mis mociqulTaYsa petressaydarsa vzio, xolo Cven pirvelwodebulisada Zmisa Tvisisa mwodebelisanawilni varT da samwysoni da mis miermoqceulni da ganaTlebulni. da erTiwmidaTa aTormetTa mociqulTagani, simonsvityvi kananelsa, qveyanasa Cvensadamarxul ars afxazeTs, romelsa nikofsiewodebis. amaT wmidaTa mociqul-Ta ganaTlebulni varT da vinaYTgan erTiRmerTi gvicnobies arRara uar-gviyofiesda arca odes wvalebisa mimarT midrekilars naTesavi Cveni. da yovelTa uarismyofelTa da mwvalebelTa SevaCvenebT326giorgi mcire, cxovreba giorgi mTawmidelisa, Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturisZeglebi, 1967, wigni II, gv. 153.


104 mitropoliti anania jafariZeda vswyvetT. amas safuZvelsa zeda mar-Tlmadideblobisasa da mcnebaTa da qadagebaTazeda wmidaTa maT mociqulTasamtkice varT~. 327imJamindeli saeklesio samarTlismixedviT, Tuki mociqulis mier iyodafuZnebuli romelime eklesia, mis me-Taurebs ufleba hqondaT ar damorCilebodnenucxo sapatriarqoebs, da TviTveganegoT yovelive saeklesio wesi, daesvaTTavianTi eklesiis meTaurebi daekurTxebinaT episkoposebi sxva sapatriarqoTaCaurevlad. rogorc aRiniSna,amitomac uTxra kidec petre III-m giorgimTawmidels - `jer ars romel eklesianida mRvdelT-mTavarni Tqvenni xelsaqveSe samociquloYsa amis saydrisaimwyemsebodin... viTarmed Tvinier samociquloYsakanonisa TviT imwysian damociqulTagani aravin mosrul ars qveyanasamaTsa~. 328rogorc vxedavT, antioqiis sapatriarqoSiaravis uxsenebia, rom avtokefaliissafuZveli SeiZleboda yofiliyoromelime zemdgomi, e.w. `dedaeklesiis~mier Tavisi nawilisaTvis avtokefaliisminiWeba. aseTi gageba avtokefaliisa,imJamad, arc ki arsebobda(Cvens droSi, XX s-Si ki, rogorc cnobilia,swored zemoaRniSnuli wesi miiCnevaumTavres safuZvlad eklesiaTaavtokefalurobisa, magaliTad, ruseTiseklesias avtokefalia dedaeklesiam -konstantinopolma mianiWa da aseve sxvae.w. axal marTlmadideblur eklesiebs(serbeTis, rumineTis, bulgareTis, poloneTis,CexeTisa da sxv.).CvenTvis gansakuTrebiTaa mniSvnelovaniis, rom amJamadac ki e.i. XX s-isbolosa da XXI s-is dasawyisSi kviprosiseklesia Tavis Tavs avtokefaluradmiiCnevs ara III msoflio krebis droidan,aramed mociqulTa droidan. saeklesiosamarTlis mkvlevari k. skurati wers:(Jgbhfzcm yf cdjt fgjcnjkmcrjtghjbc[j;ltybt Rbghcrfz Wthrjdm c lhtdyb[gjh ghbpyfdfkf ct,z fdnjrtafkmyjq).329 am mizeziT mociqulebrivi warmoSobissxva eklesiebic TavianT Tavs,amJamadac, uZvelesi droidanve avtokefaluradmiiCneven.Zvelad avtokefaliis miniWeba SeeZloimperatorsac, rogorc magaliTad,balsamonis da blastaris cnobiT, iustinianemmianiWa bulgareTs, anda msofliokrebis gadawyvetilebas, rogorcIII msoflio krebam mianiWa avtokefaliakvipross. magram, rogorc ganxiluligvqonda, avtokefalia kvipross III msofliokrebamde hqonda, am krebam mxoloddaicva misi avtokefalia. aseve undavifiqroT, rom balsamonis mier naxsenebmaantioqiis patriarqma petrem qarTul eklesiasavtokefalia ki ar mianiWa, arameddarwmunda qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliissamarTlebriv uflebebSi, radganacgiorgi mTawmidelis mtkicebani irwmunada mociqulTa mier daarsebulad, anu`samociqulo eklesiad~ aRiara qarTulieklesia. antioqiis patriarq petrefulons (mkawvrals) V s-Si rom mieni-Webina avtokefalia qarTuli eklesiisaTvis,antioqiisave patriarq petre III-sda mis mrCevlebs ecodinebodaT amisSesaxeb, amitomac giorgi mTawmidelsganucxadebda ara imas, rom mociqulTagansaravis uqadagia Tqvens qveyanaSio,aramed etyoda _ petre fulonamdesaqarTvelos eklesia nawili iyo antioqiissapatriarqosi, Zveleburi wesi ki327iqve, gv. 153; 328 iqve, gv. 154; 329 Ê. Ñêóðàò, Èñòîðèÿ Ïîìåñòíûõ Ïðàâîñëàâíûõ Öåðêâåé, Ì. 1994, ñ. 10.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli105unda aRvadginoT da iseve unda dagvemor-CiloT, rogorc winaT gvemorCilebodi-To. petre III da misi momdevno patriarqiTeodosi arafers msgavss ar acxadebdnen.Tavis mxriv, arc giorgi mTawmidelmagaixsena, rom evstaTi antioqielmaakurTxa pirveli episkoposi daamiT TiTqosda antioqiis iurisdiqciaSiIV s-danve moeqca qarTuli eklesia, arcis gauxsenebia, rom TiTqosda V s-Sipetre fulonma mianiWa avtokefaliaqarTul eklesias. mravali misioneri moRvaweobdaIII-IV ss-Si da afuZnebdnenaxal da axal eklesiebs warmarTTaSoris, magram es iuridiul daqvemdebarebasar iwvevda, radganac II-IV ss-Si yvela provinciis, anu samTavros eklesiaavtokefaluri iyo, vis mierac arunda yofiliyo igi dafuZnebuli. es icodagiorgi mTawmidelma da arc CaTvalasaWirod xseneba am movlenebisa. misiTvalsazrisi qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliissafuZveli sul sxva iyo – ker-Zod, qarTuli eklesia dafuZnebuliamociqulTa mier, maSasadame, igi avtokefaluriamociqulTa droidanve. misi avtokefaliises ufleba SeubRalavia, imdenad,rom TviTonve SeuZlia antioqiissapatriarqos msgavsad, sxva eklesiasganucxados pretenziebi. Tuki andria mociqulmamiiyvana Tavisi Zma petre iesoqristesTan, e.w. Tavis Zmas mouwodaamisken, aqedan gamomdinare, `Svenis esreT,raTa wodebuli igi mwodebelsa masdaemorCilos, rameTu petresi (e.i. antioqiissaydris damfuZnebeli mociquli)jer ars, raTa daemorCilosmwodebels Tavisa da Zmasa andrias(qarTuli eklesiis damfuZnebels) daraYTa Tqven Cven dagvemorCilneT. 330aqedan Cans, rom: 1. giorgi mTawmidelssaqarTvelosa da antioqiis eklesiebiTanabari uflebebis mqone TavisTavadeklesiebad miaCnia; 2. igi ar cnobsantioqiis saydrisadmi qarTuli eklesiisdaqvemdebarebas arc erT droSi, arcwina saukuneebSi da arc mis dros.rogorc aRiniSna, giorgi mTawmidelisTvalsazrisiT, saqarTvelos eklesia avtokefaluriiyo mociqulTa droidanve,e.i. I-II ss-dan (ixile amis Sesaxeb sagangebogamokvleva: `Teoriebi qarTulieklesiis avtokefaliis Sesaxeb~). 331giorgi mTawmidelis TvalsazrisiT,saqarTvelos eklesia avtokefaluri, mar-Tlmadidebluri da TavisTavadi iyo momdevnosaukuneebSic, magaliTad, VIIIs-Si. _ igi ambobs `iyo Jami, romelyovelsa saberZneTsa Sina marTlmadideblobaYara ipoeboda da iovane guTelepiskoposi mcxeTas ikurTxa episkoposad,viTarca sweria didsa svinaqsarsa~.rogorc zemoT aRiniSna, IV s-Si antioqielpatriarqs evstaTis marTlacrom ekurTxebina qarTveli episkoposi,es ar gamoiwvevda qarTlis eklesiisdaqvemdebarebas antioqiisadmi, iseve,rogorc ioane guTelis mcxeTaSi kurTxevisSemdeg guTeTis eklesia ar SevidaqarTlis eklesiis iurisdiqciaSi. Tumca,isic unda iTqvas, rom Tuki IV s-Siimperiis provinciaTa umravlesoba avtokefaluriiyo, VI s-is Semdeg maTiricxvi mkveTrad Semcirda didi eklesiebissasargeblod, ase rom, VIII s-Si SeeZlokidec zemoaRniSnuli kurTxevis gamoqarTul eklesias pretenziebi ganecxadebinaguTeTis eklesiis mimarT.330giorgi mcire, cxovreba giorgi mTawmidelisa, Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi,1967, wigni II, gv. 154; 331 saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, 1996, gv. 315-325;


106 mitropoliti anania jafariZeCven unda davubrundeT balsamoniszemoaRniSnul cnobas qarTuli eklesiisSesaxeb, romelic erTvis II msofliokrebis me-2 kanonis komentars, balsamons,eklesiaTa avtokefaliis safuZvladswored es kanoni miaCnda da miiCnevda,rom qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliac amkanonTan aris SesabamisobaSi. es kanoni(II msoflio krebis me-2 kanoni) sagangebodSeexo romis imperiis sazRvrebsgareT `warmarTTa Soris arsebul ucxotomTa eklesiebs~ da scno maTi sruliTavisTavadoba _ avtokefalia. qarTulieklesia berZnebisa da romaelebisaTvis_ `warmarTTa Soris arsebuli ucxotomis eklesia~ iyo. aRniSnuli kanonimoiTxovda ara mis daqvemdebarebas imperiisromelime eklesiisadmi, aramedaZlevda TviTmwysobis Semdeg kanons:`xolo warmarTTa Soris arsebuli ucxotomTa eklesiebi unda ganagon mamaTamier dawesebuli Zveli kanonebis mixedviT~(II ms. kreba, me-2 kanoni). 332maSasadame, am kanonis ZaliT, II msofliokrebis xanaSi IV s-is 80-iani wlebisaTvissaqarTvelos eklesia imarTebodaiseve, rogorc imperiis avtokefalurprovinciaTa eklesiebi, kerZod, `TiToeulsamTavros (eparqias) ganagebs amavesamTavros kreba nikeaSi gansazRvrulikanonis Tanaxmad~ (II ms. kreba, me-2kan.), xolo imperiis sazRvrebs gareTmyof eklesiebs ufro meti avtokefaliisufleba aqvT, amis Sesaxeb Cven zemoTvisaubreT, mamaTa mier dawesebulZvel kanonTa Soris igulisxmeboda mociqulTakanonebis 34-e muxli, romelicyvela eTnosis (naTesavis, eris, imperiaSi`provinciis~) eklesias aniWebsavtokefaliis uflebas - `yvela erisepiskoposebma unda icodnen maT Sorispirveli da Tavi episkoposi da araferizedmeti ar unda gaakeTon mis gareSe,aramed yoveli maTgani mxolod imas undaakeTebdes, rac sasargebloa misi eklesiisaTvisda misTvis daqvemdebarebuli soflebisaTvis.magram nurc pirveli episkoposinu gaakeTebs nurafers sxvebTanSeTanxmebis gareSe, vinaidan, mxolod aseSeiZleba aResrulos erTneboba da ididosRmerTi uflis mier suliwmidiT~. 333ai, am kanoniT imarTeboda saqarTveloseklesia, vidre XIX s-mde, es kanoniiyo misi TavisTavadobis safuZveli,msoflio krebebi ki ar arRvevdnen amkanons, aramed amtkicebdnen mas, rogorcigi ganamtkica nikeis krebam Tavis me-4,II msoflio krebam me-2, III msofliokrebam me-8 kanonebiT.am kanonis ZaliT, yvela xalxis eklesiasZvelad ufleba hqonda avtokefaliisa,da iyvnen kidec I-III ss-Sigaqristianebuli eTnosebis eklesiebi avtokefalurni,rogorc romis imperiaSi,ise mis farglebs gareT. SemdgomSi IVs-is dasawyisSi romis imperiaSi am eTnosebisgansaxlebis sazRvrebs Tan daamTxviesprovinciaTa sazRvrebi, amitomac provinciaTaeklesiebic avtokefalurni iyvnen(igulisxmeba IV s-is dasawyisi), imperiissazRvrebs gareT ki eklesiaTa avtokefalia`mamaTa mier dawesebuli ZvelikanonebiT~ ganisazRvreboda.rogorc cnobilia, V s-is avtorsgelasi kvizikels aqvs cnoba imis Sesaxeb,rom pirveli qarTveli episkoposiakurTxa konstantinopolis patriarqma.am cnobasTan dakavSirebiT Tavis mo-332saq. ekl. kalendari, 1987, gv. 211; 333 wmida mociqulTa kanonebi, kan. 34, saq. ekl. kalendari,1987, gv. 166.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli107sazrebebi aqvs m. TarxniSvils da sxvaavtorebs. rogorc cnobilia, IV msofliokrebis dadgenilebiT gauqmebuli iqnapontos, asiisa da Trakiis provinciaTaeklesiebis damoukidebloba da isinimoeqcnen konstantinopolis eklesiisiurisdiqciaSi. am momentma antioqiaZalze gaaRiziana, radganac, rogorcaRiniSna, igi pontosa da asiis eklesiebzeTavis pretenzias acxadebda. saer-Tod, rogorc romis, ise antioqiisa daaleqsandriis eklesiebisaTvis konstantinopoliseklesiis uswrafesi aRzevebaTavdapirvelad miuRebeli iyo. 334 amanasaxva pova aRmosavleTis eklesiaTa samarTlebrivliteraturaSi, magaliTad,somexi saeklesio avtorebi V-X ss-sa,am moments gansakuTrebiT aRniSnavdnen.maTi azriT, konstantinopolis eklesiaar iyo daarsebuli mociqulis mier, masar gaaCnda saeklesio warsuli. maSasadame,TviTon mas esaWiroeboda ucxoeklesiaTa dasturi Tavisi saeklesiouflebamosilebaTa gansaxorcieleblad.Tavis mxriv, konstantinopoleli avtorebiyovelmxriv cdilobdnen warmoeCinaTam axali eklesiis avtoriteti da uflebamosileba.amiT unda yofiliyogamowveuli gelasi kvizikelis cnobaimis Sesaxeb, rom TiTqosda pirveliganmanaTleblebi saqarTveloSi (igulisxmebawm. ninosa da wm. mirianisdros) gamogzavna aleqsandre konstantinopolelmaepiskoposma. 335miRebulia, rom gelasi kvizikelis(475 wlis axlo xanebSi) saeklesio istoriaSiSemorCenilia fragmentebi ufroZveli avtoris gelasi kesarielis (367-395) naSromidan da cnoba aleqsandrekonstantinopolelis mier iberiaSi ganmanaTlebelTagagzavnis Sesaxeb mas undaekuTvnodes. Cveni azriT, V s-Si, imismere, rac konstantinopolelma 451 welsoficialurad SeierTa pontos, asiis daTrakiis iqamde avtokefaluri eklesiebi,warmoiSva idea, rom pontos iqiTaqveynebic, anu iberiis eklesiac konstantinopolsdamorCileboda, amitomac cnobaaleqsandre konstantinopolelis (314-337) Sesaxeb unda mivakuTvnoT V s-is,swored gelasi kvizikelis xanas, anu Vs-is 70-80-ian wlebs. am wlebSi qarTulmaeklesiam marTlac gamoamJRavna survili,hqonoda mkveTrad gamoxatuli proberZnuli,anu am SemTxvevaSi, prokonstantinopoluriorientacia da axali ierarqiacki miiRo misgan kaTalikos petresmeTaurobiT. am movlenam albaT asaxvapova gelasi kvizikelis wyaroSi. m. TarxniSvilisazriT, `dabejiTebiT ver vityviTistoriul safuZvels eyrdnoba escnoba, Tu masSi mxolod is faqtia asaxuli,rom am dros episkoposis TanamdebobabizantiaSi aleqsandres (314-337)ekava. yovel SemTxvevaSi, konstantinopoliseklesiis Semdgomi monawileobaqarTuli eklesiis kanonikuri saxisCamoyalibebaSi dokumentebiT damtkicebuliar aris~. 336ase rom, konstantinopolisadmiqarTuli eklesiis kanonikuri damokidebulebadokumentebiT ar mtkicdeba. racSeexeba antioqias, igi Tavis daqvemdebarebisqveS gulisxmobda ara kavkasiurqveynebs, aramed imperiaSi Semaval aRmosavlurprovinciebs, imperiis mTelaRmosavleT nawils SuamdinareTis CaTvliT.aseTi Sexeduleba, romelsac qve-334Rfhnfitd^ Dctktycrbt Cj,jhs^ 1963^ c& 412-422$ 335 m. TarxniSvili, saqarTvelos eklesiisavtokefaliis warmoqmna da ganviTareba, werilebi, 1994, gv. 133; 336 m. TarxniSvili, saqarTveloseklesiis avtokefaliis warmoqmna da ganviTareba, werilebi, 1994, gv. 134.


108 mitropoliti anania jafariZemoT ufro farTod ganvixilavT, IV s-isdasawyisSi, romis imperiis `axal administraciuldayofas~ Seesabameboda.rogorc iTqva, qalaq konstantinopolisdaarsebamde, romis imperatoris nacvaliijda qalaq antioqiaSi da mas uflebahqonda ganego `mTeli aRmosavleTis~saqmeebi, cxadia, romis imperiis sazRvrebisSigniT. imJamindeli saeklesio cxovrebisSesabamisad, antioqiis episkopossacmieca ufleba Tavisi iurisdiqciaganexorcielebina `mTel aRmosavleTze~,oRond, cxadia, romis imperiissazRvrebs SigniT. romis imperiissazRvrebSi ki IV s-is dasawyisisaTvisSedioda SuamdinareTi, romelsac sparse-Tis qveynis nawilad miiCnevdnen imJamad,agreTve pontos da asiis provinciebi,aseve arabeTi da siria. ai, am teritoriebzearsebul eklesiebze da arakavkasiis eklesiebze SeeZlo antioqiasTavisi kanonikuri uflebamosilebis Sesaxebganecxadebina pretenziebi. es iyo`mTeli aRmosavleTi~ da ara romis imperiissazRvrebis gareT myofi qveynebi(iseve rogorc provincia `asia~ anu`azia~ ar moicavda mTel azias TanamedrovegagebiT). romis imperiis gaqrobisda misi sazRvrebis damcrobisSemdgomac antioqiis pretenziebi ar Semcirebula,piriqiT, Seecada `aRmosavleTis~qveS axla mTeli qveynierebisaRmosavleTi warmoedgina.Tavdapirveli sparsuli qristianulieklesia Camoyalibda mesopotamiaSi(SuamdinareTSi), romelic Sedioda romisimperiis sazRvrebSi IV s-is dasawyis-Si, aqedan gamomdinare, antioqias mar-Tlac hqonda ufleba mesopotamiis sparsuleklesiaze. SemdgomSi CamoyalibdaerTiani sparsuli eklesia, amasTanave,romma dakarga mesopotamia, cxadia, amisgamo antioqiis pretenziebi sruliadsparseTis sakaTalikosoze usafuZvloiyo, amitomac sparseTis eklesia CamoSordaantioqias da gamoacxada damoukidebloba.kidev erTxel unda vTqvaT, romantioqias kanonikurad eqvemdebarebodamesopotamiis sparsuli eklesia romisimperiis sazRvrebis SigniT da ara sruliadsparseTis eklesia. amitomac iyo arakanonieriantioqiis pretenziebi mismimarT. antioqias saerTod hqonda mizidulobadaemorCilebina mezobeli eklesiebi,magaliTad, kviprosisa, romlisavtokefaliac daicva III msoflio krebamme-8 kanoniT.rogorc cnobilia, romis imperiaSi100-ze meti avtokefaluri eklesiis nacvlad,provinciaTa eklesiebis avtokefaliisgaqrobis kvaldakval TandaTanobiTbizantiaSi V-VI ss-Si mitropoliaTaurTierTSerwymis gziT Camoyalibda sul6 avtokefaluri eklesia (xuTi sapatriarqoda kviprosis eklesia). xuTisapatriarqos Camoyalibebis kvaldakval,VII-IX ss-saTvis bizantiaSi Camoyalibdapentarqiis Teoria, romlis mixedvi-Tac mTel msoflioze eklesiuri iurisdiqciisganxorcielebis ufleba TiTqosdahqonda am xuT sapatriarqos (e.i. romis,konstantinopolis, aleqsandriis, antioqiisada ierusalimis eklesiebs). amTeoriis momxre Teologebi TxzavdnenTeoriebs, Tu msoflios romeli qveyniseklesia romel sapatriarqos unda daqvemdebareboda.antioqieli TeologebisazriT, saqarTvelo unda Sesuliyo antioqiissapatriarqos iurisdiqciaSi. esmosazreba dawyebuli VII s-dan, grZeldebodavidre giorgi mTawmidelamde (XI s.).ase Tu ise, igi miRebuli iyo antioqiis


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli109sapatriarqo karze da am ideebs avrcelebdamaTi mwerlobac.antioqiis patriarqs ioane antioqiels(+648) miuweria sparseTis eklesiisSesaxeb did mitropolit maruTa tagritelisTvis(+649), rom: `winaT sparse-Tis kaTalikosis saydari da somxeTis,gurzanisa da aranis kaTalikosis saydarieqvemdebareboda antioqias kaTalikosisbabaYs sikvdilamde~ (+484). 337am werilSi VII s-is antioqieli patriarqiaRiarebs, rom mis dros (e.i.VII s-Si) gurznis, anu saqarTvelos eklesiaantioqias ar eqvemdebareba, Tumcaki masze pretenzias acxadebs. ufrometic, misi cnobiT, qarTuli eklesiaar eqvemdebareboda antioqias ukve kaTalikosbabaYs sikvdilis Semdeg, e.i. Vs-is 80-iani wlebidan. im dromde Tueqvemdebareboda? `am cnobidan ar Cans,gamoiyeneboda Tu ara es samarTali sinamdvileSi.Tu adgilobrivi eklesiebisistorias gadavxedavT, davrwmundebiT,rom igi sinamdvileSi ar arsebobda.somxeTis eklesia daarsebis pirvelidReebidanve kesariis mitropolits eqvemdebareboda,IV s-is bolos ki mTlianadganTavisuflda misgan, raTadamoukideblad ganviTarebuliyo. sparsulieklesiac mxolod iwodeboda antioqiazedamokidebulad, 423-424 wlebisaxlo xanebSi man absoluturidamoukidebloba moipova da gaauqma antioqiistaxtze damokidebulebis kanoni.raki es ori eklesia iuridiuladgaTavisuflda antioqiis mitropolitisagan,unda vifiqroT, rom saqarTvelocaRar iyo masze damokidebuli, radganiberiis eklesiis aseTi samarTlebrivimdgomareoba arc erTi imdroindeli wyaroTiar dasturdeba~. 338pentarqiis Teoriam gansakuTrebuliaRmavloba ganicada IX s-dan, amis Sedegadukve monofizitur antioqiaSi,romelic arabebis mier iyo dapyrobili,aqa-iq SemorCenili marTlmadidebeli, anurogorc maT uwodebdnen melqiti (e.i.mefis, konstantinopolis imperatorismomxre), antioqieli berebi aviTarebdnenSesabamis Teoriebs, erTi aseTi iyoberi nikoni, romelmac XI s-Si wamoayenamosazreba, rom `antioqiis patriarqmaevstaTim (325-331) konstantinesdavalebiT moZebna qarTvelebi maTsaveqveyanaSi, monaTla isini da dauniSnakaTalikosi, romelic antioqiis patriarqsdauqvemdebara~. 339nikonis es cnoba, rogorc cnobilia,Targmnil iqna XI s-Si qarTulad da igiyvela saeklesio fenam aRiara. me, piradad,es cnoba SedarebiT sandod mimaCnia,radgan evstati antioqielis moRvaweobisdros (325-331), jer kidev ararsebobda konstantinopoli, viTarcadedaqalaqi, romis imperiis aRmosavle-Tis politikuri dedaqalaqi iyo antioqia.mis rogorc saero, ise sasulieroxelisuflebas evaleboda imperiis aRmosavleTSiyovelgvar saqmeTa mogvareba.amitomac unda vifiqroT, rom mefemirianisagan imperatorTan gagzavnilidelegatebi konstantines eaxlnen q.romSi, man ki evstaTi antioqiels, vi-Tarca aRmosavleTSi mjdom ierarqs, daavalaqarTuli eklesiis saqmeTa mogvareba.magram es ar niSnavs ierarqiul damor-Cilebas axalSeqmnili eklesiisa, radganacIV s-is pirveli naxevari aseT daqvem-337m. TarxniSvili, saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliis warmoqmna da ganviTareba, werilebi, 1994,gv. 134; 338 iqve, gv. 135; 339 m. TarxniSvili, saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliis warmoqmna daganviTareba, werilebi, 1994, gv. 134.


110 mitropoliti anania jafariZedebarebas ar iTvaliswinebda. cnobadaqvemdebarebis Sesaxeb pentarqiis momxreTaSeqmnili, anda SeTxzuli undaiyos mogvianebiT.XI s-Si melqit nikon SavmTels daCvens did saeklesio moRvawes efremmcires ekuTvniT cnoba, romelic maTZveli qronikebidan moupovebiaT, romimperator konstantine kopronimes dros(741-775) ori qarTveli beri mivida patriarqTeofilaqte antioqielTan (daaxloebiT744-751) `isini Ciodnen, romqarTvelebs aRar hyavT kaTalikosi, `rame-Tu dRiTgan netarisa anastasi mRvdelmowamisa,antioqiel patriarqisa, arakurTxeul ars maTda kaTalikosi-mTavarepiskoposisiZnelisaTvis gzisa, rame-Tu agarianTagan veravin ikadrebs svlad~.340 am gancxadebis safuZvelze antoqiispatriarqs Teofilaqtes gauciasinodis sigeli, romlis mixedviTac momavalSikaTalikosis kurTxeva qarTvelepiskoposebs miendoboda. amisaTvis kievalebodaT JamiswirvaSi antioqiis patriarqismoxsenieba da yovelwliurad1000 drahkanis gadaxda. patriarqi itovebdauflebas SemdgomSi mwvaleblobisan ganxeTqilebis SemTxvevaSi saqarTvelo-Si egzarqosi gaegzavnaT~. 341rogorc v. goilaZem gaarkvia VIII s-is 40-50-ian wlebSi antioqiis sapatriarqokarze Cavidnen ara `zemo iberiis~,aramed `qvemo iberiis~, anu dasavleTsaqarTvelos zRvispira eklesiis warmomadgenlebi.rogorc cnobilia, VII s-is20-iani wlebs Semdeg herakle keisrisaneqsiis Sedegad dasavleT saqarTveloszRvispireTi uSualod Sevida bizantiisimperiis SemadgenlobaSi da dasavleTsaqarTveloSi vidre e.w. skanda-SorapnissazRvramde Tavisi iurisdiqcia ganaxorcielakonstantinopolis sapatriarqom.aq Camoyalibda berZnulenovanisaepiskoposoebi lazikis eparqiaSi Semavalnifazisis mitropolitis meTaurobiT.maT Soris rodopolosis, ziganas,petras, saisinis saepiskoposoebi. male,gansakuTrebiT ki VIII s-Si politikuriviTareba Seicvala. dasavleT saqarTveloSixelisuflebis marTvis ufleba moipovaafxazeTidan gamosulma dinastiam,kerZod ki leon I-ma, romelmac es uflebamoipova qarTlis mefeTagan mefe mirismemkvidre asulis guranduxtis SerTvisgziT. dasavleT saqarTvelo ibrZoda bizantielebisagandamoukideblobis mosapoveblad.am mxriv konstantinopolismoucleloba sasargeblo aRmoCnda qveyniseklesiuri da politikuri damoukideblobismopovebisaTvis. kerZod, am miwawylidane.i. `qvemo iberiidan~ CavidaantioqiaSi saeklesio delegacia, sworedmaT miiRes `sinodis sigeli~, romliTacantioqiis patriarqma Teofilaqtem qvemoiberiis, anu afxazeTis kaTalikosiskurTxevis ufleba qarTvel episkoposebsmiando. Semdegi drois antioqieli patriarqebidosiTeosi, xrisanfi da sxvebiweren imis Sesaxeb, rom `qvemo iberiis~arqiepiskoposma (ase uwodebdnen isiniafxazeTis kaTalikoss) damoukideblobamoipova lev isavrosis epoqaSi, e.i. 720-ian wlebSi, rogorc Cans, am wlebSigaerTianda dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesia,gaTavisuflda antioqiis aRniSnulisinodis sigeliT, anu samarTlebrivkanonikurigziT da ara saeklesio ur-CobiT, rasac didi mniSvneloba aqvs.340iqve, gv. 143; 341 iqve, gv. 144.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli111saerTod, xatmebrZoluri xana xasiaTdebodasamarTlebriv uflebaTa gadaadgilebiT.magaliTad, Tuki iqamde gu-TeTis eklesia Sedioda konstantinopolisiurisdiqciaSi, ioane guTelis dros,VIII s-Si, konstantinopolSi xatmebrZolurieresis gamo, guTeTis eklesiamgadawyvita gamosuliyo dedaeklesiidanda daqvemdebareboda ierusalims.rogorc cnobilia, ioane guTeli samiweli eloda ierusalimSi episkoposadkurTxevas, magram Semdeg am sapatriarqoSigadauwyvetiaT guTeTis mezobelmarTlmadidebel iberiis eklesiaSiekurTxebinaT ioane guTeli episkoposad.amgvaradve, dasavleT saqarTvelomac,roca gadawyvita gamosuliyo konstantinopolisiurisdiqciidan, mimarTa isevbizantiur eklesias – antioqiis sapatriarqos,romlisaganac VIII s-Si miiRoSesabamisi kanonikuri dasturi. ase,rom efrem mciresa da nikon SavmTeliscnobebi iberiis kaTalikosis adgilzekurTxevis Sesaxeb Seexeba ara mcxeTiseklesiis, aramed afxazeTis (qvemo iberiis)eklesias. cnobaTa aRreva gamoiwviaiman, rom rogorc mcxeTis, ise dasavleTsaqarTvelos eklesiebs `iberTa eklesiebi~ewodebodaT bizantiaSi. balsamonicTavis cnobil cnobaSi iberiiseklesiisaTvis avtokefaliis miniWebisSesaxeb, sinamdvileSi wers ara mxolobiTricxvSi - `iberiis eklesia~, aramedmravlobiTSi - `iberiis eklesiebi~, eskargad Cans rusul TargmanSi.amave konteqstSi Sedis wmida mironiskurTxevis sakiTxic. CvenSi miCneuliagiorgi merCules cnobaze dayrdnobiT,rom mironis kurTxevis ufleba qarTulmaeklesiam moipova efrem mawyvereli (IXs.) episkoposis wyalobiT ierusalimissapatriarqos mier. m. TarxniSvilisTqmiT, `es moxda patriarq sergi ierusalimelis(843-859) dros, roca oriqarTveli beri, miqaeli da arseni,romelTac mcire aziaSi olimpis mTazeqarTuli monasteri daaarses, wmidaqalaqSi mividnen da antioqiis patriarqTanSeTanxmebiT aqauri sinodisaganTavianTi eklesiisaTvis es ufleba moipoves~.342 mironis kurTxeva Zvel eklesiaSiepiskoposebis privilegia iyo, esufleba kidev ufro ganamtkica karTageniskrebebma IV s-Si. Cven garkveuligvaqvs, rom VI-VII ss-Si somxeTisa daalbaneTis eklesiebi mirons TviTonveakurTxevdnen, amitomac samarTlebrivadmaTi Tanatoli da Tanafardi qarTulieklesiac, cxadia, mirons ZvelTaganveakurTxevda. miT umetes, rom IV s-danveuflis kvarTze amosuli sveticxovlisZiridan mironi gadmoedineboda, cxadia,mcire odenobiT, romelsac albaT urevdnenxarSvisas wmida mirons.zemoaRniSnuli cnoba mironis Sesaxebkvlav dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiasSeexeba – saqme isaa, rom dasavleTsaqarTvelos berZnuli saepiskoposoebi,cxadia, mirons konstantinopolidaniRebdnen, masTan xatmebrZoluri eresisgamo kavSiris gawyvetis Semdeg isiniSeecadnen mironi sxva romelime bizantiurisapatriarqodan mieRoT. qvemoiberiis, anu afxazeTis sakaTalikososadmiminiWebuli avtokefalia _ TavisTavadobissanacvlod _ antioqia-ierusalimiserT-erTi piroba iyo wmida mironimaTgan SeesyidaT, romelSic 1000 drah-342m. TarxniSvili, saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliis warmoqmna da ganviTareba, werilebi,1994, gv. 145.


112 mitropoliti anania jafariZekani unda gadaexada qarTul mxares.swored es sakiTxi unda moegvarebinaefrem mawyverelsa da sxva pirebs. ker-Zod, maTi wyalobiT ierusalimsa da antioqiaSimiuRweviaT TanxmobisaTvis, romafxazeTis eklesiisaTvis saWiro mironiTviT saqarTveloSive kurTxeuliyo. e.i.qvemo iberiis sakaTalikosos mironi ukveara antioqia-ierusalimidan, aramed adgilzeveunda mieRo. es winadadeba, Cans,giorgi mTawmidelis cxovrebaSi Tavdapirveladsavaraudod aseTi saxiT ewera:`rameTu afxazeTisa kaTalikosTamironi ierusalimiT mohyvanda, xoloefrem qristesmieriTa brZanebiTa mironiskurTxeva qarTls ganawesa ierusalimisapatriaqisa ganwesebiTa da wamebi-Ta sixaruliT, aramed qarTlad friadiqveyana aRiricxebis, romelsaca SinaqarTuliTa eniTa Jami Seiwirvis~, afxazeTicqarTlia, radganac wirva-locvada yoveli saeklesio saqme aq qarTulenaze aResruleba. maSasadame, gadawyda,rom dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiasmironi ekurTxebina adgilzeve e.i. mie-Ro mcxe-Tidan. es iyo gamTlianebasulieri TvalsazrisiT qarTuli eklesiisa(ixile amis Sesaxeb sagangebo gamokvleva`mironis kurTxevis Sesaxeb~). 343saqarTvelos eklesia ar warmoSobilaerTbaSad, erTi sqemiT. rogorc aRiniSna,aq qristianuli Temebi arsebobdnenqristianobis oficialur aRiarebamdeara mxolod dabal, aramed maRalfenebSic, rasac arqeologiuri monacemebida werilobiTi wyaroebic miuTiTebs,magram es iyo mcirericxovani Temebi.mkvlevarTa Soris davaa IV s-is dasawyis-Si `qarTlis moqcevis~ TariRis Sesaxeb.saerTod ra igulisxmeboda `qarTlis moqcevaSi~?imperatorma konstantinem mefemirianis TxovniT warmoagzavna `moswrafebiTmRvdelni naTlisRebisaTvis~, 344 maTSoris iyo episkoposi ioane. `mefem na-Tel iyo xelsa queSe wmidisa ninossa~,aseve moinaTla dedofali da ufliswulebi.mdinare mtkvarze episkoposma naTelisca warCinebulebs, xolo mRvdlebmamTel ers - swored es iyo `qarTlismoqceva~. romel wels moxda es? wyaroTviTve gvpasuxobs, kerZod, – qarTlismoqcevis Semdeg mefe mirianma ukanvegagzavna imperatorTan episkoposi ioaneaseTi saTxovriT: `iTxova nawili Zelisacxovrebisa, romelic mas oden JamsagamoeCina RvTis moyvare elene dedofalsa~.345 episkopos ioanes pirveli Camosvlisdros `Zeli cxovrebisa~ ierusalimSijer kidev ar iyo aRmoCenili, amitomaciyo, rom qarTvelTa gaqristianebissurviliT uzomod gaxarebulma imperatormada elene dedofalma Tavdapirveladmirian mefes mxolod macxovrisxati da Cveulebrivi jvari gamougzavnes,346 xolo meorejer Casul qarTlisdelegatebs, romelTa Soris episkoposTanerTad qarTveli `warCinebulic~ iyo, imperatorma`sixaruliT mianiWa nawiliZelisa cxovelisa da ficarni igi, romel-Ta zeda ferxni damsWvalul iyvesuflisani da samsWualni xelTani~.rogorc cnobilia, elene dedofalmaierusalimSi aRniSnuli siwmideni moipova326 wels, xolo rogorc aRiniSna,`qarTlis moqceva~, anu mtkvarSi erisnaTloba ufro adre moxda. maSasadame,unda daveTanxmoT vaxuStisa da sxvamraval avtors, romelnic `qarTlis343saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. II, gv. 70; 344 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 111; 345iqve, gv. 117; 346 iqve, gv. 116.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli113moqcevis~ TariRebad 317-318 wlebs miiCneven.amasTan dakavSirebiT, aRsaniSnaviais momentic, rom msoflio qristianobisudidesi siwmideebi `ferxTa ficari~da samsWvalni uflisa ubraloqalaqebSi _ eruSeTsa da manglisSi datovesda ara dedaqalaqSi – qristianimefis mfarvelobis qveS. ismis kiTxva,mounaTlavi, araqristianuli qalaqebiswarmarT mosaxleebs rogor andes aseTisiwmide, warmarTebi xom sastikad epyrobodnenqristianul siwmideebs? rogorcTxzuleba `cxra Zma kolaelTa martviloba~gviCvenebs, warmarTebma ar daindesTviT sakuTari gaqristianebuliSvilebi da qvebiT Caqoles, xolo eklesiadaarbies. manglissa da eruSeTSidatovebul aRniSnul siwmideebs ki mkvidrimosaxleoba gafacicebiT icavda, imdenad,rom V-VI ss-Si `manglisis jvari~saerTo-kavkasiuri salocavic ki iyo. amisgamo, Cven unda vifiqroT, rom ioaneepiskoposis droisaTvis, e.i. IV s-isdasawyisSi manglissa, eruSeTSi da albaTsxva daba-soflebSic, Cans, ukve arsebobdamZlavri qristianuli Temebi (e.i.qarTlis oficialurad moqcevamde),romelTaTvisac SeiZleboda udidesi,msoflio mniSvnelobis qristianuli siwmideebismindoba, swored am TemebsauSenes eklesiebi ioane episkoposis mierCamoyvanilma kiriTxuroebma.saqarTvelos eklesiis organizebisSemdeg, IV s-is dasawyisSi, saeklesiosamarTlis wyaro iyo harmoniuli (simfoniuri)kavSiri eklesiisa saxelmwifosTan,romelic damyarda mirian mefissaxelmwifo xelisuflebasa da qarTuleklesias Soris. es kavSiri saukuneTamanZilze samagaliTo iyo. m. TarxniSvilisTqmiT - `saqarTvelos mmarTvelebsTavisi Tavi RvTis mebrZolad da misisaqmis aRmsruleblad miaCndaT~, 347 esgrZeldeboda saukuneTa manZilze. `amgvaridamokidebulebis mimaniSnebelia warweracfulze: mesiis maxvils uwodebdnenTavianT Tavs mefeebi demetre (1125-1156), giorgi III (1156-1184), laSa-giorgi(1213-1222), dedofali rusudani (1222-1245), Tamari Tavis Tavs ase uwodebda:`mesiis Semwe~. miuxedavad amisa, saqarTvelosmefeebi ar gadadiodnen sazRvars`romliTac gamijnulni iyvnen RvTis mierdawesebuli saeklesio ierarqiisagan~. 348`wmida ninos cxovreba~ cxadyofs,rom qarTlis moqceva moxda qalaq konstantinopolisdaarsebamde, e.i. 330wlamde, es iqidan Cans, rom aRniSnul`cxovrebaSi~ q. romi (e.i. imperiisdedaqalaqi) dasaxelebulia ramdenjerme,magaliTad, am `cxovrebis~ Tanaxmad,elene dedofali romSi zis, amitomacmis winaSe `gaemgzavrnen wmida nino daefeseli qali qalaq romSi~. 349 faravnistbasTan ufalma wm. ninos misca wigniwasakiTxad, romelic `dawerili iyolaTinurad~, 350 wm. ninos uwodeben ase:`romaeli tyve~, 351 wm. ninos sarwmunoebaski qarTveli warmarTebi ase uwodebdnen- `romaelTa Secdomili rjuli~. 352gaqristianebuli mefe miriani ambobs:`viqnebi morCili ninosi romaelTarjulze, 353 Tumca amave dros romis imperias`saberZneTic~ ewodeba, mis mefeski `berZenTa mefe~, konstantinopolisararsebobas moqcevis droisaTvisgulisxmobs isic, rom wm. ninos `wignimiswera~ ara konstantinopolis episko-347m. TarxniSvili, 1994, gv. 369; 348 iqve, 370; 349 saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t.1, 1996, gv. 147; 350 iqve, gv. 149; 351 iqve, gv. 157 352 iqve, gv. 159; 353 saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis istoria, t. 1, 1996, gv. 161;


114 mitropoliti anania jafariZeposma, aramed romis patriarqma `imdReebSi mouvida wigni romis patriarqisaganwmida ninos, mefes da qarTlismTel ers~. 354 mTel TxzulebaSi mxoloderTxel gvxvdeba sityva `konstantinopoli~da unda vifiqroT, rom igi undaiyos CanarTi, radganac axlosaa sxvameore CanarTTan, romelSic laparakiamTiulebis Sesaxeb: `xolo ukanasknelJams maTi nawili moaqcia abibos nekreselmaepiskoposma da zogierTi maTganidarCnen warmarTobaSive dRemde~, 355 e.i.wmida ninos `cxovrebis~ redaqtirebisJams albaT VI-VII ss-Si CaurTes sityva`konstantinopoli~.m. TarxniSvilis sityviT, `saqarTveloskavSiri antioqiasTan xangrZlivi arasdrosyofila~. 356 m. TarxniSvilis azriT,antioqiasTan kavSiri saqarTvelos eklesiamdaamyara ara IV, aramed V s-isbolos. `V s-is bolos damyarebuli kav-Siri antioqiasTan ukve 610 wels Seiryada VIII s-Si sruliad gawyda~. 356 am dros,m. TarxniSvilis sityviT (e.i. V s-Si),antioqia monofizituri yofila, amitomacmisi azriT, V s-Si qarTuli eklesiacmonofizituri iyo. es mosazrebaCvens mier mTlianad uaryofilia. 357m. TarxniSvili svams Zalze sainteresokiTxvas, romelzec pasuxis gacemiT,Cven movZebniT qarTuli eklesiissamarTlis wyaros IV s-Si, kerZod -`pirveli episkoposi, romelic bizantiidanmovida, `moqcevaY qarTlisaYs~ mixedviTiyo ioane, mis Semdeg mcxeTis episkoposistaxtze avida masTan erTad mosulimRvdeli iakobi. CvenTvis ucnobia,Tu sad ekurTxa igi episkoposad, radgansakuTari ierarqiis Seqmna aseT mciredroSi SeuZlebeli iyo, xolo jer kidevzomieri da upretenzio bosforispiraqalaqi (konstantinopoli) Zalian Sorsiyo, qarTvelebi iZulebulni iyvnen, TavianTiumaRlesi mwyemsi mezobel qristianxalxebTan e.i. somxebTan da sirielebTaneZebna, marTlac mcxeTis mesameepiskoposi iobi somexi mTavarepiskoposis,nerse didis (daaxloebiT 362-373)diakvani iyo. SeiZleba vifiqroT, romnersem TviTon akurTxa Tavisi diakvaniepiskoposad~... 358m. TarxniSvili cdeba, radganac ZvelmaqarTulma saeklesio istoriografiam icoda,`Tu sad ekurTxa episkoposad~ iakobi,iobi da sxvani IV-V ss-Si. Cveniwyaroebi dabejiTebiT miuTiTebdnen, romisini ekurTxebodnen aqve, saqarTvelo-Sive da isini ar ukurTxebiaT ucxoeT-Si, anda ucxoel pirvel mRvdelmTavrebs.magaliTad, qarTuli eklesiis meoreepiskoposi iakobi mefe mirianis nebiTdajda eklesiis meTaurad, mirians esTavad wm. ninom sTxova. 359mis Semdeg qarTvelTa mefem episkoposad`dasva elia~, `mokvda episkoposiiakob da dasva mis wil elia~, 360 eliassikvdilis Semdeg aqve, saqarTveloSive,axal episkoposad `dasves~ svimoni -`mokvda elia episkoposi da dasves svimon~.360 aseve saqarTveloSive mRvdelimiqaeli `daadgines episkoposad~. - `moiyvanamRvdeli WeSmariti saberZneTiT, saxeliTmiqael da daadgines igi episkoposad~361 da a.S. episkoposebs aqve,saqarTveloSive `adgendnen~ an `svamdnen~Sesabamisi wreebi. iyo Tu arasaqarTveloSive IV s-Si ramdenime episkoposi?diax, iyo, ukve mirian mefis sikvdi-354iqve, gv. 169; 355 iqve, gv. 170; 356 m. TarxniSvili, werilebi, gv. 145; 357 saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis istoria, t. 1, gv. 385; 358 m. TarxniSvili, werilebi, gv. 135; 359 saqarTvelos samociquloeklesia, t. I, gv. 193; 360 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 137; 361 iqve, gv. 145.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli115lis droisaTvis (IV s-is 60-ian wleb-Si) saqarTveloSi iyo ramdenime episkoposi,sikvdilis Jams mirian mefem `davedraepiskoposTa~... 362 e.i. episkoposebssTxova. swored es episkoposebi irCevdnenTavianT krebaze eklesiis meTaurs, xolomefe `svamda~ mas. ramdenime episkoposiyofila mefe mirianis Semdegac, magaliTad,vaxtang gorgasals, roca issparseTidan dabrunda, miegebnen qarTveliepiskoposebi - `warmovida vaxtang qarTladda miegebnen... episkoposni~. 363 esepiskoposebi marTavdnen eklesias IV s-is kanonebis mixedviT.aqedan Cans, rom IV s-Si eklesiasaqarTveloSi, iseve, rogorc romis imperiisprovinciaTa eklesiebis umetesinawili, iyo TviTmarTvadi, anu rogorcbalsamoni aseT eklesiebs uwodebs _avtokefaluri. qarTuli wyaroebis sworiinterpretireba mxolod amtkicebs balsamonismosazrebas. amasve iTxovda msofliosaeklesio kanonmdebloba, kerZod,karTagenis krebis (419) 74-e muxlisTanaxmad, `ucxo episkoposi ar undadajdes ucxo eklesiis saydarze~ (karT.,74-e kanoni), ratom unda darRveuliyoes kanoni qarTuli eklesiis mimarT?maSasadame, aqedan gamomdinare,qarTvelebs ara ucxoeli episkoposebiahyavdaT eklesiis meTaurad, aramed maTsaqarTveloSive akurTxebdnen da SemdegaZlevdnen eklesiis meTauris pativs.IV s-is 80-ian wlebSi Seicvala saer-TaSoriso viTareba, saqarTveloSi gabatondairani, iranSi ki, rogorc cnobilia,am droisaTvis arsebobda Zlierisiriul-sparsuli qristianuli eklesia,rasac Tavisi gavlena mouxdenia qarTulieklesiis orientaciaze. Tanaxmad m.TarxniSvilisa, amas unda gamoewvia Cven-Si ori, prosparsuli da proberZnuliorientaciis ierarqiis warmoSoba. maT me-Taur episkoposebs, Cans, gavleniani adgilieWiraT samefo karze – vaxtang gorgaslissiWabukis dros (e.i. saeklesioreformamde) erT-erTi darbazobis drosmefis gverdiT sagangebo taxtebze dasvesori episkoposi. 364 isini ori saepiskoposofrTis meTaurebi unda yofiliyvnen. 365m. TarxniSvilis mier moZiebuliwyaros Tanaxmad, 419 wels Catarebula`siriul-sparsuli~ saeklesio krebaselevkiis qtesifonSi sparseTis kaTalikosismar-iah-balahis dros, romel-Sic monawileobas Rebulobdnen `episkoposebigurzanidan~, e.i. saqarTvelodan.es unda yofiliyo is prosparsuli ierarqia,romelic ukve, Cans, arsebobdasaqarTveloSi. `yvelaze metad TvalSisacemia krebis aqtebis ena. aqtebis mixedviTiah-balahi yvela iq Sekrebili episkoposiskaTalikosia, igi `aRmosavleTisepiskoposebis meTaurad~ iwodeboda iezdigerdismTel samefoSi~. 366 magram esunda yofiliyo mxolod erTi jgufiqarTveli episkoposebisa. vaxtangis si-Wabukis dros, rogorc cnobilia, bizantiisimperiam miitaca klarjeTi da zRvispireTi,vidre cixe-gojamde. amis gamoqarTli ori imperiis gavlenis arealSimdebareobda, rac aisaxeboda saeklesiocxovrebaSi, mis ierarqiaSic. Tavis mxriv,sakuTriv qarTlic orad yofila gayofili,kerZod, qvemo qarTlsa da kaxeT-hereTSi,SesaZloa teritoriuli siaxlovisgamo, iranuli orientaciis episkoposebiWarbobdnen.362qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 129; 363 iqve, gv. 140; 364 iqve, 140; 365 saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis istoria, I, gv. 195; 366 m. TarxniSvili, werilebi, gv. 136.


116 mitropoliti anania jafariZeCveni fiqriT, Tormetma episkoposma,romlebic vaxtangma bizantiidan Camoiyvana,Secvala qvemo qarTlisa da kaxeThereTisprosparsuli orientaciis mqoneepiskoposebi. vaxtangis saeklesio orientaciaiyo mkveTrad bizantiuri, mananderZic ki daibara amis dasacavad. amitomacmisTvis prosparsuli ierarqia,qveynis ganTavisuflebis Semdeg miuRebeliiyo. marTlac 12-ve axali episkoposiman dasva qvemo qarTlsa, kaxeThereTsada berZenTagan ganTavisuflebulklarjeTSi (es teritoria vaxtangmaukan daibruna da, cxadia, iq Tavisiepiskoposi dasva) _ `dasva erTi episkoposadklarjeTs, eklesiasa axizisasa,erTi artaans eruSeTs, erTi javaxeTs,wundas, erTi mangliss, erTi bolniss,erTi rusTavs, erTi ninowmidas, ujarmiskarsa, romeli gorgasalsa aeSena,erTi Werems... erTi CeleTs... erTi xornabujsda erTi agaraks. 367rogorc cnobilia, sastiki winaaRmdegobaiyo mefesa da mTavarepiskoposmiqaels Soris. am faqts sxvadasxvagvaradxsnian istorikosebi, miiCneven, rommaT Soris iyo sarwmunoebrivi dapirispireba.mefe vaxtangic da mTavarepiskoposimiqaelic diofizitebi iyvnen damaT Soris winaaRmdegoba xelisuflebisaTvisbrZoliT iyo gamowveuli.saqme is iyo, rom qarTlsa da hereT-Si gabatonebis Semdeg iranelebma qveynissammarTvelo da sasamarTlo ZalauflebaCamoarTves aznaurebs (warCinebulebs)da gadasces samRvdeloebas (sasulierowodebas). Tu rogor xdebodaes sparselTa mier, kargad aqvs aRweriliarsen safarels somxuri eklesiisistoriasTan dakavSirebiT. igi wers _`somex aznaurTa xelisufleba daecamarzapanis mier, kaTalikosebma da episkoposebmamiiRes ufleba win aRdgomodnenaznaurTa xelisuflebas. samRvdeloebasmieca ufleba mosaxleobisagan moekribaTxarki da gadaexadaT sparselebisaTvis,radganac episkoposebsa da qorepiskoposebsmiandes somxeTi, rogorc spars-Ta mefobis morCilebs. zogierTma kaTalikosmada episkoposma sparseTis mefeebiiSviles da TavianTi Zeebi uwodes...(samRvdeloebam) miaRwies imas, romsamTavro msajuleba TviT miitaces dakanonis samarTlisamebr ar iqceodnen.eklesiis sakuTreba miiTvises da flangavdneneriskacTa saCveneblad... saepiskoposoebigadaiqcnen qedismosaxrel adgilebad,sadac mividodnen xolme aznaurebi(episkoposTa karze) da maT episkoposebiar iRebdnen, Sercxvenili aznaurebiukanve brundebodnen, rogoradacmarzapnis karidan. es didi SeuracxyofamouTmeneli iyo~. 368marTalia, zemoaRniSnuli istoriaexeba somxeTis eklesias da arsen safarelikargad aRwers, sparseTis Sahebmarogor gadasces dapyrobil somxeTSisaero xelisufleba somxur eklesias daes kanonieri ufleba CamoarTves aznaurebs,e.i. saero xelisufalT. igive moimoqmedessparselebma saqarTveloSic,rogorc amas `moqcevaY qarTlisaY~uCvenebs. IV s-is bolosa da V s-isdasawyisSi, vaxtang gorgaslis gamefebamdearsebul mdgomareobas mematianease aRwers: `da mere mefobda mirdat damTavarepiskoposi iyo glonoqor da esmTavarepiskoposi erisTavadca iyo baraz-367qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 199; 368 a. jafariZe, saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I,gv. 370-371.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli117bod pitiaxSisagan qarTls da hereTs.da misa Semdgomad mefobda didi vaxtanggorgasali~. 369aq savsebiT naTlad aris aRweriliqveyanaSi Seqmnili viTareba: qarTvelimefe nominaluri mmarTvelia, qveyanasfaqtobrivad marTavs sparsi pitiaxSi,romelmac `qarTlisa da hereTis erisTavad~daniSna qarTuli eklesiis meTauri_ mTavarepiskoposi. ras niSnavs es? Cans,imasve rac ufro adre mezobel somxeT-Si moxda, kerZod, qarTuli eklesiismeTaurs mieniWa qveynis sammarTvelo(saero) ufleba – igia erisTavi da misxelSia qveyanaSi xarkis mokrebis ufleba.esaa udidesi Zalaufleba, romelicmoaklda qarTlis aznaurebs da gadaecaqarTvel samRvdeloebas. ra Sedegimoitana aman? _ arseni safarelis sityvebsTu moviSveliebT `sasulieroni(kaTalikosebi da episkoposebi) winaRudgnen aznaurTa xelisuflebas – mefisxelisuflebas... eklesiis sakuTrebamiiTvises da flangavdnen (e.i. `megvadruceebi~,anu molareebi arian qristesi)...saepiskoposoebi gadaiqcnen qedismosadrekel adgilebad... episkoposebimaT (aznaurebs) ar iRebdnen da Sercxveniliaznaurebi ukan brundebodnen~.swored ase moeqca mTavarepiskoposimiqaeli vaxtang mefes maTi Sexvedrisdros, mefe cxenidan CamoqveiTda, miuaxlovdaamxedrebul episkoposs, raTamas mTxveoda fexze. miqaelma `gakra fexi,qoSis qusli pirSi Caartya da mefeskbili Caumtvria~.rogor moiqca Seuracxyofili mefe?Tumca Zlier surda, magram ar ikadramTavarepiskoposis dasja, mxolod sityviTmimarTa - `vercxlismoyvare xarSen, rameTu qristes megvadruce xar~.vfiqrob am sityvis xmareba `megvadruce~anu `fulis Semgrovebeli~, miu-TiTebs, rom am dros qarTvel samRvdeloebasjer kidev hqonda ufleba moegrovebinamTel qveyanaSi xarki, albaTsparselTa, anda sakuTari qveynis xazinaSiSesatanad. yovel SemTxvevaSi, Cvenimematianis sityviT aSkaraa, rom mefevaxtangi da miqaeli erTmaneTs xelisuflebisTvisebrZodnen. 370sabolood, rogorc cnobilia, vaxtangmaTavis laSqarze (`spaze~) dayrdnobiTSeZlo moegvarebina eklesiasTanurTierToba. kerZod, man, Cans, moSalasparselebis mier dadgenili wesi, eklesiasCamoarTva saqveyno mmarTvelobisufleba da daubruna mas Tavisi kanonieriuflebani, romelnic saeklesiokrebaTa mier iyo dadgenili. am drosvaxtangisaTvis saWiro yofila eklesiisiseTi didi avtoritetebi, rogorebiciyvnen bizantiis imperiaSi arsebuli sapatriarqoebi.vaxtangma, Cans, qarTulieklesia gamoiyvana siriul-sparsuli saeklesiosferodan da Seiyvana igi bizantiursaeklesio sferoSi. aq ar igulisxmebaiurisdiqcia. eklesiaSi Catardaudidesi reforma, kerZod, aRdgeniliiqna simfoniuri urTierToba qarTulsaxelmwifosa da erovnul eklesiasSoris, romelic dairRva sparsTa batonobisSedegad.maSasadame, mefe mirianis Semdeg eklesiasada samefos Soris simfoniuriurTierToba arsebobda sparselebis Semosevamde,e.i. IV s-is 80-ian wlebamde,SemdegSi ki, vaxtang gorgaslis dros369Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, I, 1964, gv. 93; 370 saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis istoria, I, gv. 242-256.


118 mitropoliti anania jafariZees darRveuli urTierToba, rogorc aRiniSna,aRdga. am dros, rogorc specialistebiaRniSnavdnen, qarTul eklesiaSi,iseve rogorc maxlobeli aRmosavleTiseklesiebSi (V-VI ss-Si), gamoiyenebodae.w. siriul-romauli samarTali, romelicSemdegSi dakargula da vaxtang VI-sXVIII s-Si igi xelaxla uTargmnia. vaxtanggorgasalma, rogorc viciT, SemoiRokaTalikosoba.`kaTalikozs mieca taxtad sveticxovlistaZari, iwodeboda kaTalikozadmcxeTisa da iveriisa TiTqmis1400 wlis ganmavlobaSi... kaTalikozpatriarqimcxeTidan Tavisuflad ganagebdasaqarTvelos saeklesio saqmeebsda angariSs aravis aZlevda. kaTalikozisxelqveiTTa morCilTa Seqmnessamefo samefoSi, rogorc Cans Zvelsigel-gujarebidan da vaxtang VI-issamarTlis wignidan, im saxiTve, rogorcfeodalebma dasavleT evropaSi. kaTalikoziiTvleboda sulier meufed qveynisa.mefe da kaTalikozi erTnairi pativiTada uflebiT sargeblobdnen. SeuracxyofakaTalikozisa udrida mefisSeuracxyofas. misi Semdegi ierarqiissasuliero wevrni gaTanabrebulni iyvnensaero ierarqiis wevrebTan~. 371`gaZlierda da gavrcelda saero xasiaTisasuliero wodebisa, amis ganmartebaunda veZioT xalxis gadaWarbebulsarwmunoebriv midrekilebaSirogorc erTxel dasavleT evropaSiiyo~. 372 `saeklesio glexni Tavisufalniiyvnen yoveli saero gadasaxadisagan~. 372`kaTalikozsa hyavda sakuTari mTavrobaimave wesrigiT rogorc mefesa. spasalarebs,aTasis Tavebs, asis Tavebsa dasxva moxeleT TviT kaTalikozi niSnavda.omSi an Tavad kaTalikozi da episkoposniwinamZRvrobdnen an spasalarni,rogorc dro da garemoeba moiTxovda.calke jarebs agrovebdnen, roca saWiroiyo episkoposni da monasterTa winamZRvarnida brZolis velze gahyavdaT damaTTan erTad Rvridnen sisxlsa~. 373k. kekeliZis TvalsazrisiT, ar Sei-Zleba kaTalikosobis SemoReba davukav-SiroT qarTuli eklesiis mier avtokefaliismopovebas, igi ar eTanxmeba ammxriv iv. javaxiSvils da wers: `prof.iv. javaxiSvili fiqrobs, rom kaTolikozobisSemoReba arsebiTad iyo iberiisgaTavisufleba ucxo eklesiaze damokidebulebisagan.`cnobilia is, rom aRmosavleTisqristianeTa Soris `kaTalikozi~damoukidebeli eklesiis mTavariepiskopozi da saWeTmpyrobelisaRmniSvneli wodeba iyo. maSasadame, vaxtanggorgaslisagan saqarTveloSi kaTalikozobisdaweseba qarTuli eklesiisdamoukideblobis dawesebad undavigulisxmoT~, magram es mcdari azria,kaTalikozobis SemoRebas araferi cvlilebaar mouxdenia iberiis eklesiis Tavisierarqiul-kanonikur damokidebulebaSida, ase vTqvaT, saeklesioTaSoriso mdgomareobaSi,sityva `kaTalikozi~ arisberZnuli sityva da realurad niSnavsiseT episkopozs, romelsac gansazRvrulteritoriaze sxva episkopozebi ufrosadicnoben. Zvel qarTul mwerlobaSiam sityviT aRiniSneba ara martodamoukidebeli eklesiis Tavi, arameddamokidebulebaSi myofic, ufro xSiradmitropoliti... ase yofila ara martoqarTul mwerlobaSi, aramed ucxo mwerlobaSic(somxeTSic `mitropoliti~iTargmneboda sityviT `kaTalikosi~),371p. karbelaSvili, ierarqia saqarTvelos eklesiisa, 1900, gv. 29; 372 iqve, gv. 31; 373 iqve, gv. 33.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli119amnairad, Tu iberiis eklesiis Tavs `kaTalikozi~daerqva, ara imitom, rom isierarqiulad gaTavisuflda ucxo eklesiazedamokidebulebisagan, aramed imitom,rom ramdenime episkoposTa SorisiberiaSi is Seiqmna ufrosi, pirveliepiskopozi `sazogado~, saerTo xelmZRvaneliyvela danarCenisa~. 374maSasadame, Tu es asea da sityva `kaTalikosis~damkvidreba aRniSnavda ara eklesiisavtokefaliis SemoRebas, aramedmxolod imas, rom am titulis matarebeliepiskoposi gadaiqca, ufros, pirvel,`sazogado~ pirvelierarqad, maSin aRarunda ugulebelvyoT ruis-urbnisis krebisZeglisweris, efrem mcires `moqcevaYqarTlisaYs~ WeliSuri redaqciis monacemebi,romelnic sityva `kaTalikoziT~moixsenieben qarTuli eklesiis meTaursukve IV s-dan _ mirian mefidanve.wm. ninos `cxovrebis~ WeliSur redaqciaSia:vaxtang gorgaslamde `gardacvalebuliyvnes mefeni aTni da kaTalikoznicametni~; maSasadame, misi avtorisTvalsazrisiT, qarTuli eklesiismeTaurebi iyvnen episkoposTa Sorispirvelni, Tavni, `sazogadoni~, Tumcaki SesaZloa, es termini `kaTalikozi~marTlac V s-Si iqna SemoRebuli, magramam terminis damkvidrebamdec pirvelierarqssxva episkoposebTan SedarebiTpirveloba hqonia mopovebuli, amitomacunda uwodebdes avtori IV s-ispirvelmRvdelmTavrebs _ `kaTalikozs~.aseve, amave TvalsazrisiT unda xmarobdesefrem mcirec am termins _ qarTulieklesiis dafuZnebisTanave pirvelierarqs ukve hqonia tituli _ `kaTalikosimTavarepiskoposi~, rac Tavis Tav-Si gulisxmobs ramdenime saepiskoposokaTedris arsebobas. efrem mcire, romelicsagangebod ikvlevda qarTuli eklesiiskanonikur urTierTdamokidebulebas ucxoeklesiebTan, cxadia, termin `mTavarepiskopossada kaTalikoss~ SemTxveviT ar ixmarda.efrem mcire Tavis TxzulebaSi`uwyeba mizezTa qarTvelTa moqcevisasa~wers: _ `saxelica movlinebulisa misepiskoposisa esreT povnil ars, viTarmedTviT evstaTi iyo antioqieli patriarqi,romelman daamyara eklesia igi, mirianismier mcxeTas aRSenebuli da ukurTxamaT kaTalikosi mTavarepiskoposi~.ruis-urbnisis wmida krebis `Zegliswerac~aseve kaTalikozad e.i. sazogado,sayovelTao episkoposad moixseniebsqarTuli eklesiis pirvelive me-Taurs: `TviT patriarqTa Soris saxelganTqmulmanevstaTi [325-330] xeliTaTvisiTa STadva safuZveli maSin sadmemcxeTas aRSenebulisa eklesiisa, ...ganwmidaigi da xeldasxmul-yo mas SinamaTTvis episkopozi-kaTalikosi~. 375rogorc aRiniSna, sityva `kaTalikosis~xmareba efrem mcires, `ruis-urbnisiskrebis~, `moqcevaYs~ WeliSuri redaqciismier miuTiTebs, rom ZveliqarTuli saeklesio istoriografiisTvalsazrisiT, saqarTvelos eklesiaSiIV s-danve arsebobda ramdenime eparqia,ramdenime mmarTveli episkoposi, romel-Ta Soris pirveli ijda mcxeTaSi, mashqonia tituli sayovelTao `mTavarepiskoposisa~,Tumca ki es termini `kaTalikosi~SesaZloa mas, marTlac, ar ewodebodaV s-is Sua wlebamde.k. kekeliZe, rogorc cnobilia,fiqrobda, rom vaxtang gorgaslis saek-374k. kekeliZe, etiudebi Zveli qarTuli literaturis istoriidan, t. IV, 1957 w., gv. 335-336; 375`didi sjulis kanoni~, 1975, gv. 546; 376 iqve, gv. 340.


120 mitropoliti anania jafariZelesio reformamde saqarTveloSi iyoerTi eparqia erTi episkoposiT, amitomac,TiTqosda iqamde `CvenSi `mTavarepiskoposi~ar yofila~. 376 wyaroTa mudmivCvenebas, rom CvenSi V s-is meore naxevramdeeklesiis meTaurs hqonda wodeba`mTavarepiskoposi~, xsnis imiT, romTiTqosda `moqcevaY qarTlisaY~ ganurCevladxmarobs sityvas `episkoposi~ da`mTavarepiskoposi~. 377 maSasadame, Tu Cvenieklesiis meTauri ioane konstantinopolidanmeored Camosvlis Semdeg ixsenieba`mTavarepiskoposis~ tituliT daSemdeg erT momentSi kvlav `episkoposad~(mag., WeliSuri variantiT wm. ninom gardacvalebiswin `Sehvedra iakob mRvdelimefesa da episkopossa~), amitomacwyaros Cveneba ioanes mTavarepiskoposobisSesaxeb sando araa, magram ra vuyoTmaSin efrem mcires Cvenebas, romelicantioqiis patriarqs evstaTis _ `episkoposs~uwodebs, rogorc zemoT moyvanilicitatidanac Cans. cxadia, zogadiTvalsazrisiT, patriarqica da mTavarepiskoposic_ episkoposebi arian, amitomacmematianes sruli ufleba aqvs isiniepiskoposebad moixsenios saWiroebis dros.aqedan gamomdinare, mTlianad sandoawyaroTa dabejiTebuli Cveneba, romCvenSi kaTalikosobis dawesebamde iyoramdenime episkoposi, ganvixiloT erTerTi.magaliTad, mefe mirianma sikvdiliswin `davedra episkoposTa, raTaadidon dideba mis adgilisa~ (igulisxmebawm. ninos samarxi 378 ).k. kekeliZe miiCnevs, rom `saqme gvaqvscxad SecdomasTan, unda iyos `episkoposi~da ara `episkoposni~, rac Canszmnisagan `davedra~ (da ara `davedrna~)~. 379k. kekeliZe cdeba, radganac gvaqvs araerTi zmna `davedra~, aramed meorec,romelic cxadad gadmocems mravlobiTformas _ esaa `adidon~ (`davedraepiskoposTa, raTa adidon dideba misadgilisa~), maSasadame, aq saqme aragvaqvs SecdomasTan.aseve TvalnaTelia meore magaliTic,indoeTidan dabrunebul vaxtang mefesjer kidev kaTalikosobis dawesebamdeSeegebnen qarTveli episkoposebi - `warmovidavaxtang qarTlad da miegeba Zemisi daCi da mis Tana yovelni spasalarnida maT Tana episkoposni~. 380k. kekeliZis azriT, iq igulisxmebaqristian episkoposTan erTad an mazdeanebis`episkoposi~ an ufro sworad, oriqristiani episkoposi, erTi eklesiis me-Tauri, meore saxlis, karis episkoposi~. 379Cveni azriT ki aq igulisxmeba mTavarepiskoposimiqaeli sxva episkoposebTanerTad, radganac gvaqvs sxva wyaroc,romelSic miqaeli Tavis mravalricxovanepiskoposebTan erTad aris moxseniebuli,esaa Txzuleba `uwyeba petrosmkawvrelisaTvis~, masSi naTqvamia, rompetre fuloni patriarqi antioqiisa,romelmac monofizitoba gaavrcela somxeTSi,saqarTvelos sazRvrebTan movida,TavisTan miiwvia qarTlis mTavarepiskoposimiqaeli, romelic marTlac mividapetre fulonTan, qvemo qarTlis mxares,adgil `kangarTan~, Tavis episkoposebTanerTad, romelTac Caqoles monofizitipatriarqi petre fuloni. `SeracxamaT simarTled kacis kvla igi~. kerZod,wyaroSi naTqvamia _ `SeWura miqaelsulman wmidaman... warmovida mcxeTiT misqueSeTa episkoposTa da mRudelTa Tana377iqve, gv. 329; 378 qarTlis cxovreba, t. 1, gv. 129; 379 k. kekeliZe, etiudebi, IV, 1957, gv. 330;380qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 196.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli121da erisa morwmunisa da moiwivnes queyanasakangarisasa... maSin movida miqaelkaTalikozi da Tayuanisca winaSe saydrisamis petros mkawvralisasa... STamozidnaZlierad da STamoiTria qveyanad, daakueTada dasca qviTa... maSin yovelTa misTadakribes mis zeda qua da esre dazvinesqviTa da mokles mgeli igi~. 381SesaZloa es wyaro, rogorc k. kekeliZewers, marTlac mogvianebiT iyos SeTxzuli,magram aqedan mainc CansZvelqarTuli saeklesio istoriografiisTvalsazrisi, rom vaxtang gorgaslisdroindeli mTavarepiskoposi miqaeliiyo mravali mis `queSe~ mdgomi episkoposismeTauri, sayovelTao maTTvis, amitomacwyaro uwodebs kidec miqaels`kaTalikozs~, rogorc amonaridi citatidanCans.ueWveli wyaroa agreTve vaxtang gorgaslis`cxovrebis~ cnoba, rom siWabukisasvaxtangis mier mowveul TaTbirzeori saepiskoposo taxti idga:`mouwoda yovelTa warCinebulTa qarTlisaTa,da Semokribna yovelni qalaqad daganmzada mefeman saxli erTi da dajdasaydarTa zeda maRalTa, xolo juanSerspaspeti da ornive episkoposni dasxdessaydarsve da sxvani yovelni erisTavnidasxdes selebiTa, da aTasis-Tavni daasis-Tavni da yovelni eri warmodgesze~. 382 k. kekeliZis azriT, am ori episkoposidanerTia mTeli eklesiis meTauri,meore _ saxlis, karis episkoposi~, 383Tumca SesaZleblad miiCnevs, rom esmeore aris mazdeanobis `episkoposi~.vaxtangis matianedan Cans, rom oriveepiskoposi aris Tanabari Rirsebisa erTmaneTismimarT da, rac mTavaria, maTiRirseba gaTanabrebulia spaspetis pativTan,radganac mxolod es sami piridajda `saydarzed~, anu maRal skamebze,rangiT maTze dabali pativi aqvTerisTavebs, romelnic selebze dasxes,xolo `aTasis-Tavebi~ da sxvani arc kidasxes, isini TaTbirs fexze mdgomniunda daswrebodnen. yvelasaTvis cnobilia,rom eklesiis meTauri episkoposi daueparqio _ karis episkopisi pativiTada RirsebiT Tanabarni ar arian, amitomacmaT mefis win Tanabari pativiT ardasxamdnen sagangebo taxtebze, rogorcCven gamokvleuli gvaqvs, aq unda igulisxmebodesprosparsuli orientaciissamRvdeloebis (episkoposebis frTis)meTauri da elinofiluri saepiskoposofrTis meTauri ori episkoposi. radganacsaxelmwifosa da eklesiaSi orivefrTa Tanabrad iyo gaZlierebuli vaxtangissiWabukisas, amitomac maT Tanabaripativi miages darbazobisas. 384wyaroebis dabejiTebuli mowmobiT,kaTalikosobis daarsebamdec saqarTveloseklesiaSi arsebobda ramdenime eparqia,Sesabamisi saepiskoposo kaTedrebiT,romelTa Soris pirvels _ mTavarepiskoposiswodeba gaaCnda.k. kekeliZis azriT, kaTalikosobisdaweseba vaxtang gorgaslis miergamowveuli unda yofiliyo ara avtokefaliismopovebiT, aramed qarTuli eklesiis_ viTarca erTi eparqiis mravaleparqiebad dayofiT. Cveni azriT, kaTalikosiswodebis SemoRebiT vaxtang gorgasalssurda miqael mTavarepiskoposissaxelisuflebo Zalis damxoba. vaxtangma,Cans, saeklesio reforma ganaxorcielaor etapad. pirvel etapze man381saqarTvelos samoTxe, gamomcemuli g. sabininis mier, 1882, gv. 632; 382 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv.147; 383 k. kekeliZe, etiudebi, IV, gv. 330; 384 saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, 1996,gv. 242-256.


122 mitropoliti anania jafariZedaamarcxa prosparsuli orientaciisepiskopati da maTi meTauri binqarani,proberZnuli orientaciis marTlmadidebelimiqael episkoposis daxmarebiT, meoreetapze ki man daamarcxa miqaelmTavarepiskoposi _ masze rangiT meti`petre kaTalikosis~ bizantiidan SemoyvaniT.kaTalikos petres miqaelTan SedarebiTmefe uwodebs _ `umTavress~.`gesma umTavresisa Senisa qarTlad moyvaneba...vercxlis moyvare xar Sen, rameTuSenca megvadruce xar qristesi~, - asemimarTavs mefe miqaels. 385rogorc zemoTaa aRniSnuli, vaxtangamdeda mis saeklesio reformamde kavkasiurqveynebSi sparseTis saxelmwifosnebiT eklesiis xelSi moeqca saero xelisuflebisdidi nawili, amitomac,rogorc iTqva, qarTuli eklesiis me-Tauri glonoqori, qarTlisa da hereTiserisTavi, e.i. saero uzenaesi xelisufaliiyo. somxuri wyaroebis Tanaxmad ki,eklesiis xelSi moeqca saxelmwifo Semosavlebisakrefis saqme. rogorc Cans,miqael mTavarepiskopisis xelT iyo saxelmwifogadasaxadebis mokrebis saqme,rac Cans, qarTveli mefisaTvis, romelicsparsuli xelisuflebisagan TavisdaRwevas cdilobda, miuRebeli iyo.swored amitom unda exmara mefes miqaelismimarT sityvebi `megvadruce~ da`vercxlismoyvare~. marTlac, Cveni macxovrisieso qristes saZmoSi saerTo salaroebara iudas, igi iyo megvadruce.mefis azriT, aseve megvadruce anu Tanxis,salaros mepatronea miqaelic _ `aRegzenSuriT viTarca iuda petresiTa,rameTu Sen xar viTarca iuda, xoloeklesia _ viTarca petre~. 386bizantiasa da mTel maSindel msoflioSi,vaxtangis Tvalwin mimdinareobdasapatriarqoebis (samamamTavroebis)warmoqmna _ mcire eklesiebis gaeTianebisgziT. Cans, amis gaTvaliswinebiT damsoflio eklesiaSi arsebuli situaciisgamoyenebiT vaxtangma Semoiyvana petreviTarca eklesiis `mamamTavari~(rogorc `moqcevaY qarTlisaY~ uwodebs)sayovelTao episkoposi axlad gaerTianebulida gamTlianebuli qveynis masStabiT,igi umTavresi unda yofiliyomiqaelzec. amiT, Cans, mefes surdaSeezRuda, anda saerTod gaeuqmebinasparselTa mier danergili wesi _ eklesiismier saero xelisuflebis mniSvnelovaninawilis gangebisa, rasac miaRwiamefem. iqamde ki, reformis pirveletapze, rogorc iTqva, mefem daamarcxaprosparsuli orientaciis episkopati,swerda kidec amis Sesaxeb imperators_ `macduri binqaran mivec sapyrobilesada sikvdilisagan gardaixvewa. man ukuemoiyvana sparsni qarTlad da davsviepiskoposad miqael, kaci sarwmuno~. 387binqarani _ cxadia aris ara cecxl-Tayvanismcemeli, aramed qristiani episkoposi,romlis nacvlad mefem dasva episkoposadmiqaeli, rogorc es konteqstidanCans. binqaranis `cecxlTayvanismcemloba~imiT gamoixateba, rom prosparsuli,albaT siro-sparsuli saeklesio orientaciisepiskoposia da SesaZloa qristian-maniqevelTafrTasac ekuTvnoda.mTlianad gasaTvaliswinebelia k.kekeliZis mosazreba, rom `kaTolikozistituli TavisTavad arc damoukideblobismomaswavlebelia da arc damokidebulebisa~,388 rom `kaTolikozobis SemoRe-385qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 197; 386 iqve, gv. 197; 387 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 179; 388 k. kekeliZe,etiudebi, IV, gv. 337.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli123bas araviTari cvlileba ar mouxdeniaiberiis eklesiis Tavis ierarqiul-kanonikurdamokidebulebaSi da ase vTqvaTsaeklesiaTaSoriso mdgomareobaSi~.k. kekeliZis azriT, qarTul eklesiasvaxtang gorgaslis dros avtokefaliaar moupovebia, amis damadasturebeliaraviTari cnoba ar arsebobs.k. kekeliZis azriT, saqarTvelos eklesiakonstantinopolis sapatriarqosarasodes eqvemdebareboda, mis iurisdiqciaSiar yofila: `miuRebelia isazri, viTomc iberebi konstantinopoliseklesias daeqvemdebarnen, vinaidanim dros, rodesac iberebma qristianobamiiRes, konstantinopolis sapatriarqoarc ki arsebobda, is isaxeba IV s-isbolos, II msoflio krebis Semdeg, dasabolood Camoyalibda V s-is bolosIV msoflio krebaze, manamde ki konstantinopolisepiskoposi TviTon emor-Cileboda herakliis mitropolits mcireaziaSi~. 389 es mosazreba misaRebia. Cvenc,Cveni mxriv, mis gansamtkiceblad moviyvaneTCveni argumentebi. 390mTlianadaa gasaziarebeli k. kekeliZismeore mosazrebac, rom arc daarsebisas_ IV s-Si da arc Semdgom _ V-VI ss-Si qarTuli eklesia ar yofilaantioqiis sapatriarqos iurisdiqciisqveS. k. kekeliZe wers: `eWvi araa, romVII s-mde iberiis eklesias uSualodamokidebulebiTi kavSiri antioqiasTanar hqonia, arc erTi sando cnoba dawyaro ar moipoveba iseTi, romelic adasturebdesaseT kavSirs. marTalia, ase-Ti Tqmulebebi arsebobs, magaliTad,evstaTi antioqielisa da vaxtang gorgaslisdrois Sesaxeb, magram es arisgamoZaxili mermindeli kavSirisa da araTavdapirvelisa~. 391marTalac, dRemde arc erTi sandocnoba anda wyaro antioqiis sapatriarqosiurisdiqciaSi qarTuli eklesiisyofnis Sesaxeb aRmoCenili ar aris, amitomacmTlianad unda gaviziaroT jerkidev XI s-Si giorgi mTawmidelis miergamoTqmuli mosazreba, rom saqarTveloseklesia arasodes Sedioda antioqiisada arc erTi sxva ucxo eklesiisiurisdiqciaSi, vinaidan Tavidanve avtokefaluriiyo, viTarca sxva mociqulTamier daarsebuli eklesiebi Zvel msoflioSi(ix. `Teoriebi qarTuli eklesiisavtokefaliis Sesaxeb 392 ). es sakiTxigamowvlilviT gvaqvs gaanalizebuli amavewignis paragrafSi _ `antioqiis II saeklesiokreba~, romelSic iseve, rogorcparagrafSi `antioqiis I saeklesio kreba~araa gaziarebuli k. kekeliZisa dasxvaTa mier gamoTqmuli mosazrebaTiTqosda VII s-is Semdeg qarTuli eklesiaSevida antioqiis sapatriarqosiurisdiqciaSi. rogorc v. goilaZemgaarkvia, efrem mciresa, nikon SavmTelisada sxvaTa cnobebi, rom antioqiis patriarqmaTeofilaqtem VIII s-Si avtokefaliamianiWa ara mcxeTis sakaTalikosos,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelos imnawils, romelic VII s-is Semdeg Sevidakonstantinopolis sapatriarqosiurisdiqciaSi, xolo konstantinopol-Si xatmebrZoluri eresis gamo gamovidaam sapatriarqos iurisdiqciidan da Seecadakanonikuri gziT moepovebina Tavisuflebabizantiuri eklesiisagan, rasacmiaRwia kidec VIII s-Si antioqiis patriarqTeofilaqtes mier. (es sakiTxi389iqve, gv. 346; 390 saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, gv. 185-203; 391 k. kekeliZis,etiudebi, IV, gv. 347-349; 392 saq. sam. ek. ist., t. I, gv. 315-325.


124 mitropoliti anania jafariZeganxiluli gvaqvs paragrafSi `afxaze-Tis sakaTalikosos daarseba~). 393k. kekeliZis azriT, qarTuli eklesiadaarsebisTanave, IV, V da VI ss-Si- 300 wlis manZilze imyofeboda somxurieklesiis iurisdiqciis qveS. igiwers: `eWvmiutanelia isic, rom Tavdapirvelad,IV, V da VI ss-Si, iberiassomxebTan hqonda rogorc kulturuli,ise ierarqiuli kavSiri, romelic SewydaVII s-is damdegs~. 394am azrs ar eTanxmeba iv. javaxiSvilida sxva mecnierebi. 395 (es sakiTxiganxiluli gvaqvs aqve paragrafSi `dvinissaeklesio kreba~).k. kekeliZis azriT, qarTulma eklesiamavtokefalia moipova XI s-Si, iqamdeigi VII s-dan antioqiis sapatriarqosiurisdiqciaSi imyofeboda, xoloIV-V da VI ss-Si somxur eklesias eqvemdebarebodarogorc kulturulad, iseierarqiulad. es Tvalsazrisi CvenTvismiuRebelia, rac ganxilulia aqve, SesabamiskrebaTa ganxilvis dros.Cven gvainteresebs saeklesio samarTliswyaroebi IV-V ss-Si. am dros qarTulieklesiis samarTlis wyaros warmoadgendaucxo eklesia da misi dadgenilebebi,Tu adgilobrivi saeklesio kreba-Ta gadawyvetilebani. k. kekeliZis mosazrebiT:`iberiis eklesia maSin aRmocenda,rodesac msoflio eklesiis organizaciasabolood Camoyalibebuli ariyo, es IV krebaze moxda, maSin, IV s-is naxevarSi mxolod safuZveli eyrebodaam saqmes, amitom calkeuli saeklesioerTeulebi, ufro ki imperiisgareSe, e.w. `barbarosTa~ Soris, ganagr-Zobdnen arsebobas jer kidev `ZveladmiRebul CveulebaTa~ mixedviT (III msof.krebis me-2 kanoni). am `CveulebaTa ZaliT,rodesac erTi romelime eri meorisaganqristianobas miiRebda, saeklesio-sarwmunoebrivsaqmeSi misi xelmZRvanelobisqveS rCeboda, sanam TviT am erSi arSeiqmneboda iseTi pirobebi, romelnicSesaZleblad gaxdidnen iq damoukidebel,uzrunvel cxovrebas. ase unda momxdariyoueWvelad iberiaSic. Cvens saistoriomwerlobaSi iberiis saeklesiaTa-Soriso mdgomareobis Sesaxeb aseTi azria:qristianobis miRebidanve iberiis eklesiasxva eklesias daemorCila da Tanda-Tan saukuneTa ganmavlobaSi is Tavisuflebaspoulobda~. 396rogorc vxedavT, k. kekeliZis TvalsazrisiT,qarTuli eklesia ucxo eklesias,somxurs, unda daqvemdebarebodaIII msoflio krebis me-2 kanonis ZaliT,romelSic naxsenebia winadadeba `ZvelCveulebaTa mixedviT~, TiTqosda ZveliCveulebis Zala aseT daqvemdebarebasmoiTxovda. III msoflio krebis me-2 kanonSimsgavsi araferia naTqvami, aRniSnuliwinadadeba Cven gvxvdeba II msofliokrebis me-2 kanonSi. es kanoni brZanebs:`warmarTTa Soris arsebuli ucxo tom-Ta eklesiebi unda ganagon mamaTa mierdawesebuli Zveli kanonebis mixedviT~. 397sinamdvileSi ra igulisxmeba `mama-Ta mier dawesebul Zvel kanonebSi~ amisgasarkvevad albaT gamodgeba II msofliokrebamde Catarebuli laodikiiskrebis 21-e kanoni, romelSic sworedaRniSnuli winadadebaa naxsenebi: _`episkoposi erTi samwysodan nu gadavasxva samwysoSi, nurc Tavisi nebiT, nurcmrevlis iZulebiT, nurc episkoposTa393saq. sam. ek. ist., t. II, gv. 89; 394 k. kekeliZe, etiudebi, IV, gv. 346-349; 395 saq. sam. ek. ist.,t. I, gv. 325-438; 396 k. kekeliZe, ertiudebi, IV, gv. 346; 397 `didi sjuliskanoni~, saqarTveloseklesiis kalendari, 1987 w., gv. 211.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli125nebiT, aramed darCes im eklesiaSi, romel-Sic RvTis nebiT Tavidan iyo arCeulida nu Seicvlis adgils mamaTa mier adremiRebuli dadgenilebisamebr~. 397`didi sjuliskanonis~ xelnawerSi,laodikiis krebis 21-e kanonis qveS, ganmartebuliaTu ra igulisxmeba `mamaTamier adre miRebul dadgenilebebSi~, ker-Zod, xelnawerSi ganmartebulia _ misarSiazea minaweri: `nikeis me-16 kanonsgulisxmobs~. 398nikeis I msoflio krebis rogorcme-15, ise me-16 kanoni sastikad krZalavserTi eparqiidan meoreSi sasulieropiris, maT Soris episkoposis gagzavnas,kerZod, me-15 kanonSi naTqvamia:`wmida krebas miaCnia, sruliad moisposzog mxareSi damkvidrebuli ukanonoCveuleba da qalaqidan qalaqSi ar gadadiodesarc episkoposi, arc mRvdeli,arc diakoni. Tu vinmem am didi krebisdadgenilebis Semdeg xeli mihyos aseTsaqmes, sruliad daumtkicebeli iyosmis mier mopovebuli da gadayenebuliqnes, ginda episkoposad iyos xeldasxmulida ginda mRdvlad~. 399am da sxva kanonebis ZaliT, TukivTqvaT somexTa kaTalikosma IV s-SiTavisi diakoni akurTxa sxva, kerZod,qarTuli eklesiis episkoposad, daur-Rvevia nikeis krebis aRniSnuli kanonebida igi unda gadaeyenebinaT, maSasadame,`iob somexi~, romelic odesRac diakvnadyofila somxeTSi, saqarTveloSi somex-Ta kaTalikoss ki ar dauyenebia episkoposad,aramed es piri diakvnisave xarisxiT,Tavisi nebiT Camosula qarTlSi, aqki igi Tavisi piradi damsaxurebis gamoqarTvel episkoposebs jer ukurTxebiaTepiskoposad, Semdeg ki eklesiis meTauradacdausvams adgilobriv saxelmwifoxelisuflebas. swored ase unda ganvixiloTnikeis krebis aRniSnuli kanoni,sxvagvar qmedebas kreba krZalavs. TiTqmisigivea me-16 kanonic: `..Tu vinmemsxvisi moyvasis gadmobireba da TaviseklesiaSi xeldasxma gabedos im episkoposisTanxmobis gareSe, romlisganackanonis mier ganCinebuli piri wamosulia,daumtkicebeli iyos misi xeldasxma~. 400am kanonis ZaliT, iob diakonssaqarTveloSi mosvlis dros Tan undahqonoda somexi kaTalikosis Tanxmoba,misi sxva eparqiaSi wasvlis nebarTva.es cxadia ar niSnavs, rom iobi Semdeg-Sic somexTa kaTalikoss eqvemdebareboda.safiqrebelia, rom saqarTvelos eklesiasepiskoposTa kreba warmarTavda,eklesiis meTauris, anu mTavarepiskoposismeTaurobiT, rogorc amas moiTxovdanikeis krebis me-4 kanoni. episkopos-Ta krebis gareSe (e.i. Tuki eklesiaSiar iyo ramdenime episkoposi) aseTi eklesiaarc ki CaiTvleba eklesiad, anu`saeklesio samTavrod~ _ `episkoposiunda daadginos samTavros yvela episkoposma~(me-4 kanoni), anda `TiToeulsamTavroSi weliwadSi orjer CatardesepiskoposTa kreba, rom mTeli samTavrosepiskoposTa saerTo Sekrebaze aseTi sadavosaqme ganxilul iqnes~ (me-5 kanoni);Tuki qarTul eklesiaSi mxolod erTiepiskoposi iyo, rogorc k. kekeliZe wers,maSin igi arc ki yofila organizaciuladCamoyalibebuli da mxolod sxvaeklesiis nawili yofila, radganac eklesiisarsebobas mxolod episkoposTakreba ganapirobebda.398saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987 w., gv. 202; 399 iqve, gv. 202, SeniSvna; 400 `didisjuliskanoni~, saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 181.


126 mitropoliti anania jafariZe`mamaTa mier dawesebuli Zveli kanonebi~,rogorc iTqva, naxsenebia II msofliokrebis me-2 kanonSi, romelic mtkicedicavs eklesiaTa TavisTavadoba-avtokefalias:`...TiToeul samTavros (eparqias)ganagebs amave samTavros kreba nikeaSigansazRvruli kanonis Tanaxmad,xolo warmarTTa Soris arsebuli ucxotomTa eklesiebi unda ganagon mamaTamier dawesebuli Zveli kanonebis mixedviT~.401 rogorc zemoT aRiniSna, imavekanonSi naTqvamia _ `eklesiaTa keTiladganmartebisa da mSvidobisaTvis arc erTepiskoposs ara aqvs ufleba gascdes Taviseklesiis sazRvrebs da SeiWras sxva eklesiissazRvrebSi, raTa ar moaxdinoseklesiebis aRreva. kanonTa Tanaxmadaleqsandriis episkoposi unda ganagebdesmxolod egviptis eklesiebs, aRmosavleTisepiskoposni unda ganagebdnenmxolod aRmosavleTis eklesiebs. daculiunda iyos nikeis kanonebiT dawesebulipativi antioqiis eklesiisa. aziissoflebis episkoposni unda ganagebdnenmxolod aziis eklesiebs, pontoeliepiskoposni unda ganagebdnen mxolodpontos eklesiebs, xolo Trakiis episkoposni_ mxolod Trakiis eklesiebs. episkoposiar unda gavides Tavisi samrevloeklesiis farglebidan xeldasxmisaTvisan sxva raime saeklesio gangebisaTvismowodebisagan an miwvevis gareSe~. 402aq sruliad gasagebadaa naTqvami, romsaqarTvelos mezoblad avtokefaluri iyopontos, Trakiis, `asiis~, `aRmosavle-Tis~ eklesiebi, Tu aRaras vityviT, antioqiisada aleqsandriis eklesiebze.II msoflio krebis droisaTvis da misSemdegac, IV s-sa da V s-is dasawyisSi,imperiaSi mravali avtokefaluri eklesiaarsebobda, rogorc cnobili kanonistebis. troicki da a. kartaSevi ganmartaven.amitomac, rogorc zemoT moyvanilikanonebic uCveneben, swored isiyo akrZaluli, rac k. kekeliZis sityviTTiTqosda CvenSi iyo damkvidrebuli:viTomda erTi ucxo eklesia ganagebdameores da es ukanaskneli ki Tavs verixsnida. IV s-Si aseTi urTierTdamokidebulebaakrZaluli iyo. mxolodSemdgom, rogorc ganmartavs a. kartaSevi,kerZod, ki V s-is Semdeg, did sapatriarqoTaCamoyalibebis kvaldakval imperiaSiiqamde arsebuli 100-ze meti avtokefalurieklesiis gaerTianebis SedegadimperiaSi Camoyalibda 6 avtokefalurieklesia _ konstantinopolis,aleqsandriis, antioqiis, ierusalimis,romisa da kviprosisa. 403radganac IV-V ss-Si imperiaSi arsebobdamravali avtokefaluri eklesia,romelTa avtokefaliasac icavda saeklesiokanonebi, saqarTvelos eklesiacar unda yofiliyo gamonaklisi da igiiseTive uflebebis matarebeli unda yofiliyo,rogorc sxva mociqulTa mierdaarsebuli eklesiebi qristianul msoflioSi,rogorc amas miuTiTebs wm. giorgimTawmideli. amitomac saeklesio samarTliswyaros adgilobrivi saeklesio ierarqiada saxelmwifo xelisufleba warmoadgendada, Sesabamisad, misi samarTliswyaro ar yofila konstantinopolelian antioqieli ierarqebis dadgenilebani,igi imarTeboda msoflio eklesia-Si imJamad arsebuli kanonebis mixedviT.401`didi sjuliskanoni~, saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 211; 402 iqve, gv. 210; 403`qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliis Sesaxeb~, saq. samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, gv. 185-203.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli127saeklesio samarTlis wyaroebidvinis krebidan ruis-urbnisis krebamde (VI-XI ss.)VI s-Si udidesi mniSvnelobis gardatexamoxda saqarTvelos politikurda saeklesio cxovrebaSi, kerZod, dasustdada TandaTanoboT gauqmda erovnulisaxelmwifoebrioba, saqarTvelosparseTis da bizantiis xeldebul teritoriebadgadaiqca. farnavazian-xosroianTaaTaswlovani qarTuli samefodinastia sparselTa mier idevneboda. VIIs-Si es dinastia kvlav idevneboda ukvearabTa mier. qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobasabolood moiSala. centraluri xelisuflebaZalze dasustda, moiSalasaero-administraciuli mmarTvelobakuTxeebSic. gaCnda xelisuflebis deficiti,ramac cxadia samarTlebriv qaossada ganukiTxaobas Seuwyo xeli. amdros, samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT,qarTulma eklesiam miiRo axali funqciebi.igi Seecada wesierebis, samarTlisada wesrigis kerad gadaqceuliyoadgilebze, calkeul saepiskoposoebsada mxareebSi. VIII-IX ss-SiqarTuli eklesiis saero sammarTveloTvisebebi gansakuTrebiT gamoikveTa.amis Sedegia is uCveulo samarTlebriviTvisebebi, romlebic daaxasiaTaiv. javaxiSvilma: `saqarTvelos eklesiassaxelmwifo cxovrebasa da wes-wyobilebaSigansakuTrebuli upiratesobanihqonda mopovebuli, msgavsad romiseklesiisa. amiT igi ara mxolod saeklesiodawesebuleba iyo, aramed saxelmwifoebrivisxeulisa da saxelmwifoebrivierTeulis Tvisebebis mqone. Cvenieklesiis aRniSnul ufleba-upiratesobaTaSesaxeb cnobebis miReba mxolodsigel-gujrebidan SeiZleba. am sabuTeb-Si mravali cnoba exeba saqarTvelos eklesiiskaTalikos-patriarqis centralurisammarTvelos organizacias~. 404iv. javaxiSvilis sityviT, saqarTveloseklesias Tavisi marTva-gamgeoba mowyobilihqonda `saxelmwifo marTva-gamgeobiswesebze~. qarTul eklesias hqondaTavisi sasamarTlo, Tavisi ekonomikuripolitika, hyavda sakuTari jari da Tavisiymebi, amasTanave, moepoveboda saxelmwifomarTva-gamgeobis wesebze mowyobili moxeleoba,amitom bevris mxriv saxelmwifoebrivisxeulis Tvisebebi etyoboda. 405404iv. javaxiSvili. Txzulebani 12 tomad, t. VI, gv. 67; 405 iqve, gv. 37.


128 mitropoliti anania jafariZemecnieris sityviT, qarTuli saeklesiosamarTali warmonaSobia qarTulieklesiis, viTarca saxelmwifoebrivi sxeulisyofa-cxovrebidan, am mxriv, qarTulisaeklesio samarTali ufro miagavsromis eklesiis `Corpus turis caninici~-s,vidre berZenTa da rusTa saeklesio samarTals,aseve, msgavsad amisa, qarTulieklesia Tavisi wes-wyobilebis bevriTvisebiT ufro romis saSualo saukuneebiseklesias miagavda, vidre erTmorwmuneberZenTa da rusTa eklesiebs. 406qarTuli saeklesio samarTali maSindaemgvana dasavlurs, roca romis eklesiamarTlmadidebluri aRmsareblobisaiyo - VII-X ss-Si. kidev erTxel gadavxedoT,Tu rogori politikuri viTarebaiyo saqarTveloSi VII-X ss-Si. am drossaqarTvelo viTarca erTiani qveyana ararsebobda, igi daSlili iyo teritoriebad,calkeul kuTxeebad, romlebSic,mxolod VIII-IX ss-Si daiwyo formirebakuTxurma qarTulma saxelmwifoebrivmaerTeulebma _ afxazTa, qarTvelTa, kax-Ta da herTa samefoebis saxiT, politikur-administraciulicentri Tbilisi- arabTa saamiros dedaqalaqad iyogadaqceuli, qvemo qarTlSi monofiziturisomxuri eklesiis gabatonebis Sedegad– e.w. `somexTa samefo~ (taSir Zoraketisa)Camoyalibda. axalCamoyalibebulqarTul saxelmwifoebriv erTeulebzeTavisi didi samarTlebrivi gavlena moipovaqarTulma eklesiam. amis erT-erTmkafio magaliTad, romelsac qvemoT SevexebiT,migvaCnia qorepiskoposTa saeklesioinstitutis mier kaxeT-hereTis samefosformirebaSi gaweuli udidesi Rvawli,agreTve serapion zarzmelis cxovrebaSimoxmobili faqti imisa, rom samcxisepiskoposma giorgim daawynara Taviseparqia _ samTavroSi didebulTa Sorisatexili mravalwliani dava, samarTlebrivisasjeli daado didebulebs (TviTmamulebis CamorTmeviTac ki) da uwesrigobasada qaosSi Caflul mosaxleobaSidaamyara wesrigi _ `dascxres,dadumnes SfoTni da uwesrigobani~. im-Jamindel zogierT marTlmadidebel qveyanaSicaseve moipova eklesiam uzenaesisamarTlebrivi funqcia, kerZod, rogorcv. cipini wers – `Sua saukuneebSi evropuldasavleTSi kaTolikuri eklesiiswiaRSi, nawilobriv netari avgustinesTxzulebis `saRmrTo qalaqis~ gavleni-Tac `ori maxvilis~ doqtrina Seiqmna,romlis mixedviTac orive xelisufleba_ saeklesioc da saxelmwifoc, erTiuSualod, meore ki SuamavlobiT, romiseklesiidan momdinareobs. Sua saukuneebissaero xelmwifeni papis vasalebadiTvlebodnen. papebi TavianT Tavs aramxolod imperatorebisa da mefeebiskurTxevis, aramed maTi taxtidan Camogdebisuflebasac ki aZlevdnen. kaTolikuridoqtrinis ganviTarebam papebis saeroprincipatisa da maTi saeklesio da saeroxelisuflebis absoluturobis Sesaxebxeli Seuwyo im garemoebas, rom Suasaukuneebis dasavleTis pirveli imperatorikarlos didi, bizantieli basilevsebisagangansxvavebiT, romaeli imperatorebispirdapiri memkvidre ar iyo,saimperatoro gvirgvini papma daadga ra,misi saxiT, rogorc mraval `barbaros~mefeTagan erT-erTs, romis imperatoristituli mianiWa. saero xelmwifeTawinaaRmdeg brZolebSi papebis mZlavriiaraRi interdati iyo, romelic ama Tuim qveyanaSi RvTismsaxurebis Sesrule-406iv. javaxiSvili. Txzulebani 12 tomad, t. VI, gv. 36.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli129bas manamde krZalavda, sanam qveSevrdomebipapis mier gankveTil TavianTmonarqs ar Camoagdebdnen, magram TavianTiprioritetis dasacavad papebi dakaTolike episkoposebi SeiaraRebuli Zalisgamoyenebasac mimarTavdnen, SedegadkaTolikuri eklesiis etatizirebamoxda, papebi sruluflebiani monarqebiiyvnen italiis mniSvnelovani nawilis,e.w. papis olqisa, romlis naSTsac Tanamedrovevatikani warmoadgens. mravaliepiskoposi (gansakuTrebiT, germaniaSi)Tavadi iyo, romelTac TavianT teritoriazexelisuflebasa da jarze saxelmwifoebriviiurisdiqcia hqondaT brZoleb-Si sxva episkoposebis, hercogebis,markgrafebis, damoukidebeli qalaqebis,mefeebis da TviT imperatorebis winaaRmdegacki winamZRolebad gamodiodnen~. 407saqarTvelos eklesia, rogorc aRiniSna,VI-X ss-Si, imyofeboda gansakuTrebulpirobebSi. VI s-is Semdeg, moryeulisaxelmwifoebriobis dros, maSin,roca kanonierebis da marTlwesrigisdamcvels saxelmwifo aRar warmoadgenda,xolo, Semoseuli mteri ver amyarebdawesrigs, piriqiT, iwvevda samarTlebrivqaoss, kuTxeebsa da olqeb-Si saero didkacebi araTu icavdnen samarTalsada kanonierebas, aramed erTmaneTssamkvdro-sasicocxlod ebrZodnen.amis gamo, rogorc Cveni samarTalmcodneebiweren, sazogadod mTel qveyanaSi,kerZod ki tao-klarjeTis `samTavroSisasuliero xelisufleba didi avtoritetiTsargeblobda da did Zalaswarmoadgenda qveynis cxovrebaSi. amdros, sasuliero xelisufleba cdilobskidec upiratesobis mopovebas saeroze~.m. lorTqifaniZis azriT, ara mxolodtao-klarjeTSi, aramed mTel qveyanaSi(saqarTveloSi) - `eklesia did Zaladiqceva, is, saerTod, qveynis mmarTvelobisxelSi Cagdebas lamobs. Widili saeklesioda saero-samoqalaqo xelisuflebasSoris, sabolood ukanasknelis gamarjvebiTmTavrdeba~. 408 afxazTa samefoSiceklesias didi Zala unda hqonodamopovebuli. araa SemTxveviTi, romkonstantinopolis patriarqma nikolozmistikosma werilobiT sTxova giorgimefes daecva bizantielebTan megobrobissiwmide. 409ivane javaxiSvili `bagrat kurapalatissamarTlis wignis~ ganxilvis drosaRniSnavs, rom bagratis samarTlidanaRbuRas kanonebSi Setanili aris zogierTimuxli. magaliTad, `meore mefeepiskoposi aris da qristianTa sjulisadamamtkicebeli~ (iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani12 tomad, tomi VI, 1982, gv.88). am muxlebis ZiriTadi nawili umefobisdros, kerZod, VII-IX ss-Sia Sedgenili.`am muxlebSi episkoposi da, sazogadod,samRvdeloeba srul batonadaagamoyvanili, maT winaaRmdeg mefe uZluria,araferi SeuZlia, amitom samive esmuxli (101, 102, 103-e aRbuRas samar-Tlisa) iseT xanas unda ekuTvnodes, rocasamRvdeloeba saqarTveloSi sruli batoniiyo da saero mTavrobaze maRlaeWira Tavi, ese igi daviT aRmaSeneblisuwinaresi xanisa unda iyos. swored amdros iyvnen monazvnebi batonad da mTavrismowvevis baraTze pasuxad SeeZloT SeeTvalaT,bers SenTan `ara hnebavs mosvlao~...am dros beri-arqimandriti imdenadZlieri iyo, rom Tavisuflad mefessatrfos arTmevda, monasterSi hketavda,aseT xanaSi daadgendnen: `rac unda407v. cipini, saeklesio samarTali, saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1999, gv. 149; 408 narkv., II,1973, gv. 448; 409 iqve, gv. 435.


130 mitropoliti anania jafariZeSescodos episkoposma, moZRvarma, mRvdelmaTu monazonma mefeso, mainc xeli araxloTo, imitom rom meore mefe episkoposiaris, arca mefesa sjulisa saqmeaqvso~. 410 iv. javaxiSvilis azriT, aRniSnulikanonebi `ufro IX s-is sazogadoebriviazris gamomxatvelia. kanonTaes muxlebi TiTqos ufro bagrat I kurapalatisdroindeli gamodis~. 411`n. maris azriT, bizantiaSi xatmebrZolobisepoqaSi `erT mxares idgnenumaRlesi saero moxeleebi da episkoposebi,romelnic imis momxreni iyvnen,rom imperators Tvalyuri edevnebina eklesiisaTvisda waremarTa kidec misisaqmianoba, xolo meore mxares idgnenberebi... isini im mosazrebiT xelmZRvanelobdnen,rom saero xelisufleba arunda ereodes sasuliero wodebis saqme-Si. es mimarTuleba damarcxda bizantia-Si. saqarTveloSi, mesxeTSi ki, piriqiT,n. maris azriT, gaimarjva meore mimarTulebam.aq, eklesiis meTaurebi `ZlierZalad grZnoben Tavs da eklesiisdamoukideblobas saero xelisuflebisagangaSmagebiT icavdnen~. 412g. nadareiSvilis azriT, maSindelmesxeTSi sasuliero pirebi, gansakuTrebiT,berebi, did Zalas warmoadgendnen,arcTu iSviaTad, isini Tavis damoukideblobassaero xelisuflebis winaSe warmatebiTusvamdnen xazs. giorgi merCulesmoTxrobili aqvs, Tu rogor SeZloklarjeTis udabnoTa arqimandritmagrigol xanZTelma guaram mamfalis surviliswinaaRmdeg arsenis kaTalikosaddatoveba. saba iSxneli bagrat kurapalatismier weriliT dabarebuli, urCobasiCens da ar cxaddeba mis winaSe...sasuliero pirebi, araiSviaTad, saeklesioxelisuflebis saxelmwifo xelisuflebiswinaSe upiratesobasac ki usvamdnenxazs. isini TiTqos TeoriuladacasabuTebdnen samRvdeloebis upiratesobas,saero mTavrobasTan SedarebiT~. 412n. mari werda: `Zvel saqarTveloSisaero da sasuliero Zalauflebis er-Toba warmoadgenda udavo faqts~. 413 eklesiisxelSi saero da sasuliero ZalauflebisTavmoyris tradiciul gadmonaSTadn. mars miaCnda WyondidelmwignobarTuxucesisTanamdeboba. moZRvarTainstituts iseTive didi mniSvnelobahqonda saqarTveloSi, rogoric vardapetssomxeTSi.gansakuTrebiT kargad Cans eklesiisavtoriteti da Zala kaxeTis samTavros(samefos) Camoyalibebis saqmeSi. am droseklesia faqtobrivad marTavda kaxeTsqorepiskoposis institutis meSveobiT.`kaxeTis saeklesio ierarqiaSi arsebobsqorepiskoposis Tanamdeboba. qorepiskoposiTavis Tavdapirveli SinaarsiT sofluridasaxlebis, mxaris episkoposisxelisuflebis gamtareblad gamodis, wanarTaqorepiskoposma Cans, TandaTan, feodalizaciisprocesis Sesabamisad miitacasaero xelisufleba, saero da sasulieroxelisuflebis erTi piris xelSigaerTianebis aseTi tradicia ucxoar aris saqarTvelos mTianeTis mosaxleobisaTvis.niSandoblivia, rom es tendenciaxevis mosaxleobasac axasiaTebs,rac amjerad gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa,radgan wanarTa Tavdapirveli sacxovrisi,rogorc cnobilia, swored amraionSia sagulvebeli. wanarTa politikureqspansias wanarTa qorepiskopo-410iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, 1982, gv. 89; 411 iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, 1982, gv. 90; 412 g. nadareiSvili,niko mari da qarTuli samarTlis istoriis sakiTxebi, 1989, gv. 17; 413 iqve, gv. 92.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli131sis kaxeTis mmarTvel qorepiskoposadtransformacia mohyva Sedegad~. 414 sasulieroxelisufali qorepiskoposikaxeTSi gadaiqca uvrcelesi samefos(samTavros) – saero mmarTvel uzenaesxelisuflad. Tumca, ukve IX s-saTvis,rogorc fiqroben, mas daukargavs sasulierofunqcia da mxolod saerodarCenia. sasuliero xelisufali _ kaxeTissaero mTavrad gadaiqca. 415msgavseba, romelic ivane javaxiSvilmaSeniSna, dasavlur (evropul) daqarTul eklesiaTa Soris am mxriv saxezea,magram aqve isic unda aRiniSnos,rom swored aRniSnul epoqaSi, anu VII-VIII ss-Si bizantieli imperatorebi da,maSasadame, saero xelisufleba mwvaleblebi(ZiriTadad xatmebrZolebi) iyvnen,devnidnen marTlmadidebel eklesias, amitomacbizantiaSi eklesia araTu saeroxelisuflebis SeTvisebis, piriqiT, devnisprocesSi iyo. misi eklesiuri xelisuflebacki dasustebuli iyo. piriqiT,saimperatoro xelisufleba cdilobdasasulieros miTvisebasa da maszegabatonebas.bizantiuri azrovnebis Tanaxmad, maTiqveyana warmoadgenda imave romis imperias,xolo bizantieli imperatorebiZveli romaeli imperatorebis pirdapirmemkvidreebs, aqedan gamomdinare, maThqondaT uzenaesi uflebebi rogorcsaero, ise sasuliero xelisuflebismimarT, da hqondaT Sesabamisi titulaturac.aRsaniSnavia, rom saqarTveloSicSeiqmna doqtrina, romlis mixedviTacaxali qarTuli samefo dinastia bagrationebisa(aRzevebuli Cans qarTulieklesiis xelSewyobiT) miiCneoda davi-Tis (israelis cxebuli mefis) memkvidred.qarTuli eklesiis udidesi moZRvarigrigol xanZTeli ase mimarTavs amdinastiis fuZemdebels - `daviTwinaswarmetyvelisa da uflisa mier cxebulisaSvilad wodebulo xelmwifeo,mefoba da saTnoebanica misi dagimkvidrenqristeman RmerTman, romlisaTviscaamas mogaxseneb, ara moakldes mTavrobaSvilTa SenTa da naTesavTa maTTaqveyanaTa amaT ukunisamde JamTa, aramediyvnen igini mtkiced ufroYs kldeTamyarTa da mTaTa saukuneTa da didebuliyvnen ukunisamde~. 416 am formuliT bagrationmamefeebma (IX s-Si) Tavisi adgilimoipoves saeklesio samarTlis sferoSi.qarTvel bagrationTa `qristes naTesaobisa~da `daviTis Zeobis~ Sesaxebicodnen bizantiaSic, rogorc iuwyebakonstantine porfirogeneti.qarTuli doqtrinis Sesabamisad, saxelmwifoda saeklesio xelisuflebis wyaroufalia, bagrationebi uflis cxebulisSvilad wodebulebi arian, eklesiisTavi ki ufalia. eklesia misi qveyniurinawilia, aqedanaa qarTuli simfoniasaxelmwifosa da eklesias Soris.eklesia da saero xelisufleba saqar-TveloSi simfoniur kavSirSi iyvnen.saqarTvelos eklesia iyo damoukidebeli,avtokefaluri, mas ar hyavda e.w.kiriarqaluri eklesia, anu eklesia, romelsacigi emorCileboda, aqedan gamomdinare,misTvis ar idga saWiroeba romelimeucxo eklesiis patriarqs, krebaTadadgenilebas Tu sinods damorCileboda,aResrulebina maTi dadgenilebani,Tumca ki, cxadia saqarTvelos eklesiaxelmZRvanelobda imave sjuliskanoniT,romliTac marTlmadidebluri bizantiurieklesiebi. saqarTvelos eklesiis414nark. II, gv. 390; 415 iqve, gv. 395; 416 qrestomaTia, 1946, gv. 110.


132 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaeklesio kanonikuri samarTlis wyaroswarmoadgenda sakuTari eklesiis kreba-Ta da mis meTaurTa dadgenilebani. 417cxadia, saqarTvelos eklesias arcerTi ucxo patriarqi da arc bizantiisimperatori ugzavnida sagangebosigelebs, mimarTuls qarTuli saeklesiosakiTxebisadmi.ruis-urbnisis krebamde da mis SemdgomacqarTuli eklesiis saeklesio samarTliswyaros warmoadgenda saqarTvelossaeklesio krebebi da sxva adgilobriviwyaroebi, dadgenilebani. amis dasturiaris javaxeTSi mowveuli saeklesio kreba,romelmac sruliad damoukideblad gadawyvitaCveni eklesiis iseTi mniSvnelovanisaeklesio-kanonikuri sakiTxi, rogoricaamisi meTauris – kaTalikosis gamorCevada misi aRsaydreba.rogorc cnobilia, bizantiis imperiaSi,bizantiuri samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisisSesabamisad, imperatorTa Zalauflebavrceldeboda yvela marTlmadidebelxalxze, miT umetes TviTonbizantiur eklesiebze. 418 saqarTveloSiam bizantiur Tvalsazriss ar aRiarebdnen,marTalia, did pativs miagebdnenbizantiis imperators, magram saqarTvelo-Si msgavsi uflebebi eniWeboda saqarTvelosmefesa da darbazis kars, romelic(es ukanaskneli) scemda kidec, mematianeTasityviT, eklesiaTa mimarT Sesabamiswesebs (es sakiTxi Semdgom paragrafSiaganxiluli). saWiroebis SemTxvevaSiqarTuli eklesia did winaaRmdegobas uwevdabizantiel imperatorebs. magali-Tad, roca bizantiis imperatori basiliII bulgarTmmusvreli Semovida saqarTveloSibizantiuri TvalsazrisiT samarTlebrivisaqmis – daviT kurapalatisanderZis aRsasruleblad, rasac mohyvabizantielTa mier samxreT saqarTvelosokupacia, qarTulma eklesiam udidesiwinaaRmdegoba (Zalismieri – samxedro)gauwia momxvdurebs da imperatoriswinaaRmdeg samamulo oms Caudga saTaveSi,kerZod, qarTveli episkoposebi: sabamtbevari da ezra anCeli. es ise moulodneliiyo, rom bizantiis umaRlesiwreebi (rogorc saero, ise sasuliero)qarTuli eklesiis winaaRmdeg ganewyvnenimdenad, rom qarTvelTa `marTlmadideblobaSic~ki eWvi Seitanes, bizantiaSimcxovrebi qarTveli moqalaqeebisa dagansakuTrebiT ki bizantiaSi arsebuliqarTuli monastrebis berebis ukiduresidevna daiwyes (aTonis iverTa monasterSi,antioqiasa da sxvagan). 419amJamindel saeklesio samarTalSi arsebobsorgvari Sefaseba TviTmpyrobeliimperatoris rolisa. pirveli _ amJamadufro aRiarebuli Tvalsazrisis Tanaxmad,imperatorebis (ruseTSi mefeebis)mier eklesiis meTauroba, Tuki aseTigamonaklisi arsebobda, miiCneva e.w. `cezaro-papizmad~da miuReblad. meore TvalsazrissaviTarebdnen revoluciamdelirusi samarTalmcodneebi (amJamad ki Zir-Tadad `sazRvargareTis rusuli eklesiis~Teologebi), romlis mixedviTac bizantielda maT `memkvidre~ rus imperatorebsekisrebodaT udidesi zedamdgomlobiTiuflebebi eklesiis mimarT.bizantieli kanonistebi monarqis sakanonmdeblouflebas Zalze afarToebdnen.oxrideli arqiepiskoposi dimitrixomatini (XIII s.) werda _ `imperatori,romelic iwodeba da aris saeklesio417Â. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîå Ïðàâî, 1994, ñ. 99; 418 Â. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîå ïðàâî, ñ. 105; 419 saqarTvelossamociqulo eklesiis istoria, II, 1998, gv. 177-194.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli133wesrigis umaRlesi mcveli, saeklesiokrebaTa dadgenilebebze ufro maRla dgas,da aZlevs maT Zalasa da amoqmedebisunars. igia winamZRoli saeklesio ierarqiisa,kanonmdebeli samRvdeloTa qcevebisa,mas ufleba aqvs gadawyvitos mitropolitTa,episkoposTa da samRvdelo-Ta Soris arsebuli kamaTi, da agreTvevakantur saepiskoposo adgilebze daniSnos.SeuZlia saepiskoposo kaTedrebisamaRleba, aiyvanos episkoposebi mitropolitTadoneze. erTi sityviT, liturgiisada xeldasxmis uflebaTa garda, imperatoriTavis TavSi aerTianebs episkoposTayvela sxva upiratesobas, amitomac misdadgenilebebs kanonis Zala aqvT~. 420balsamoni aseve aRiarebda imperatorisdid uflebebs saeklesio saqmeTamimarT: `imperatorebi, rogorc patriarqebi,pativcemuli unda iqnen wmidamironiT cxebis gamo. aqedan gamomdinareobsufleba imperatorebisa, aswavlonqristian xalxs da mRvdelmTavarTa msgavsadakmion eklesiaSi... imperatorTa Zala daqmedeba vrceldeba qveSevrdomTa sulebsada sxeulebze, maSin, roca patriarqimxolod sulieri meTauria~. 421Tu balsamonis am azrs SevadarebTgansaxilveli epoqis moRvawe wmidagrigol xanZTelis wiaRidan gamosuliepiskoposebis Tvalsazriss samefo xelisuflebisSesaxeb, arsebiT sxvaobasdavinaxavT: VIII s-is meore naxevarsada IX s-is dasawyisSi iSxneli episkoposibagrat kurapalats uSiSrad eubneba:`didebulo mefeo, Sen qveyanisaxelmwife xar, xolo qriste zecisa daqveynisa da qvesknelTa. Sen naTesavTaamaT mefe xar, xolo qriste yovelTadabadebulTa. Sen warmavalTa amaT Jam-Ta mefe xar, xolo qriste saukuno meufeda sruli hgies ucvalebeli, uJamo, dausabamo,dausrulebeli meufe angelozTada kacTa da ufrois Sensa jer arssmena sityvaTa misTa!~ 422kidev erTxel aRvniSnavT, balsamonisaero xelmwifis (imperatoris) Sesaxebwerda: `imperatoris Zala da qmedebavrceldeba qveSevrdomTa sulebsa da sxeulebze,maSin roca patriarqi mxolodsulieri meTauria~, qarTveli saba iSxneliepiskoposis TvalsazrisiT, piriqiT –xelmwife mxolod qveyniuri mefea, magramWeSmariti mefea qriste (e.i. misgansaeklesio xelisufleba), romelic sulisda xorcis (angelozTa da kacTa) meufea.aqedan Cans, rom qarTuli saeklesiosamarTali memkvidrea pirvelqristianulisamociqulo eklesiis samarTlisa daamitomac, ramdenadme TavisTavadia bizantiurismimarT. aq, albaT, gasaTvaliswinebeliabizantiuri saxelmwifosdamokidebuleba eklesiis mimarT gansaxilvelxanaSi, kerZod, VIII-IX ss-Si. amdros, rogorc cnobilia, bizantiuri eklesiadasustebuli iyo, imperatorebiZiriTadad xatmebrZolebi iyvnen daSeuzRudavad cdilobdnen saeklesiosaqmeTa marTvas, maSin, roca qarTulieklesia SedarebiT gaZlierebuli iyoarabTa mier qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobismoSla-dasustebis gamo. xatTayvanismcemluriqarTuli eklesia qveynisqristiani mosaxleobisaTvis marTlwesrigisada samarTlis kerad iqca. qarTulieklesiis xelSi im droisaTvis Tavsiyrida ara mxolod sasuliero, aramednawilobriv saero xelisuflebac, ramac420Ñ. Òðîéöêèè, Öåðêîâíîå ïðàâî, ìàøèíîïèñü, Áèáëèîòåêà ÌÄÀ, ñ. 47-48, wignidan Â. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîåïðàâî, ñ. 35. Sdr.: saxelmwifoebrivi katexizmo, Tb., 1999, gv. 17; 421 s. troickis dasax. naSr., gv.47-48; 422 cxovreba grigol xanZTelisa, qrestomaTia, 1946, gv. 119.


134 mitropoliti anania jafariZeasaxva pova qarTuli saeklesio samarTlisZeglebzec gansaxilveli periodisa(es sakiTxi ganxilulia qvemoT paragrafebSi`mwignobarTuxucesi~ da sxv.).erT-erT aseT magaliTs, rogorc aRvniSneT,iZleva serapion zarzmelis cxovrebisavtori: saero (samefo) xelisuflebisuZlurebis gamo mravalwlovani dava,romelic arsebobda samcxis samTavroSididebulTa Soris gadaWra mawyverelmaepiskoposma giorgi Suartylelma, romelmacmodave mxareebs mamulebi CamoarTva.am episkoposma `xelT idva ra gangebasamcxisa, daawynara yoveli sabrZanebeliTvisi, viTarca wesi iyo, da daipyrayoveli mamuli da eklesiani pirvelTamaT meSfoTeTani... viTarca gardaxda weliwadiSvidad aRTvaluli, dascxresda dadumnes yovelive SfoTni da uwesobaniwmidisa amis mRvdelT-moZRvrisagiorgis mier~. 423maSasadame, saxelmwifo Zalauflebismoklebis gamo, adgilebze zogierTmaqarTvelma episkoposma SeZlo Tavisvrcel samTavroSi mSvidobisa da wesierebisdamyareba ara mxolod eklesia-Si, aramed mTel mosaxleobaSi (es sakiTxiganxilulia aqve, paragrafSi`qorepiskoposi~), rogorc aRiniSna, amepoqaSi maSin, roca saqarTveloSi saeklesioZalaufleba saeroze gavrcelda,bizantiaSi, piriqiT, marTlmadideblurieklesia ukiduresad daaknina saxelmwifoxelisuflebam xatmebrZoli imperatorebisnebiT. magaliTad, prof. n. suvorovi,momxre saeklesio saqmeebze imperatorisxelisuflebis cnobisa, erT-erT Zlieristoriul argumentad miiCnevs xatmebrZoliimperatoris lev isavrosis Tvalsazriss(eklogis winasityvaobaSi), romigi (imperatori) memkvidrea petre mociqulisada mas akisria misia mwyemsosmorwmuneTa samwyso. 424v. cipini, romelic ar eTanxmeba n.suvorovs, miiCnevs _ eklesiis istoriamnaTlad daamtkica, rom imperatoris xelisuflebaar warmoadgens im instituts,uromlisodac eklesias ar Seu-Zlia arseboba. v. cipins ara imperatori,aramed msoflio sayovelTao eklesiisepiskopati miaCnia eklesiis miwierinawilis meTaurad, 425 miuxedavadamisa, fiqrobs, rom zogierTi bizantielida rusi imperatoris mizidulobameklesiis mimarT, romelsac ar hqondaarc ekleziologiuri da arc saeklesiokanonikuri safuZveli, gamoiwvia nawilobrivideformacia saeklesio wyobisa,imis msgavsi, romelic hqonda rusuleklesias sinodalur epoqaSi. 426zemoaRniSnulis gamo, zogierTi mar-Tlmadidebeli kanonisti bizantieli imperatorebiserT nawils adanaSaulebscezaro-papizmSi, anu saero uzenaesi xelisuflis(keisris) mier saeklesio saqme-Ta marTvaSi. am mxriv, qarTul eklesia-Si, gansaxilvel epoqaSi, saeklesio samarTlismxriv gadaxras adgili ar hqonia.cezaro-papizmi qarTuli azrovnebisaTvisucxo iyo, Tumca ki qarTvelimefeebi (iseve rogorc sxva marTlmadidebelixalxebis xelmwifeebi), viTarcamcvelebi da mfarvelebi eklesiisa, monawileobdnenyvela mniSvnelovan saeklesiosaqmeSi, magaliTad, episkoposebissamRvdelmTavro kaTedrebze daniSvnisas(mag., giorgi mTawmidelis dros bagratIV), isini aseve saeklesio samarTalis423cxovreba grigol xanZTelisa, qrestomaTia, 1946, gv. 96; 424 Í. Ñóâîðîâ, Ó÷åáíèê ÖåðêîâíîãîÏðàâà, 5-îå èçä. Ì. 1913, ñ. 40; 425 Â. Öûïèí. Öåðêîâíîå Ïðàâî, ñ. 200; 426 iqve, gv. 199.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli135dacvaze zrunavdnen (iwvevdnen da monawileobdnensaeklesio krebebSi) _ es iyosamarTlis sxva mxare, kerZod, ganxorcielebabizantiaSive SemuSavebuli principisaeklesiasa da saxelmwifos Soris`simfoniuri urTierTobisa~. Tumca,rogorc aRiniSna, bizantiasa da ruseT-Si eklesias da saxelmwifos Soris simfoniuriurTierToba zogjer irRveodasaxelmwifos mier. imperatorebi iseTkanonebsac scemdnen, romelnic ewinaaRmdegebodasaeklesio wyobas. 427 aseTi magaliTebiqarTuli eklesiisaTvis ucnobia.gansaxilvel periodSi CvenSi araxelmwifes uwodebdnen `gare episkoposs~(Dytiybq tgbcrjg), aramed piriqiT, miiCnevdnen,rom episkoposi samarTlebrivadmefis swori iyo _ `episkoposisa damefis saqme sworia~.aRbuRas kanonebSi Sesuli cnobilimuxli _ `meore mefe episkoposi aris~(aRb. kan. 102) _ ganekuTvneba Cvens gansaxilvelVIII-IX ss-s da bagrat kurapalatissamarTals, rogorc es qvemo-Taa ganxiluli. aqedanve unda iyos gadasulivaxtangis kanonebSi `mefisa dakaTalikosis saqme... orive swori aris~(vaxt. kan. 25).qarTuli saxelmwifoebrivi erTeulebisganmtkicebis kvaldakval, qarTulieklesia saero xelisuflebis tvirTisaganTandaTan gaTavisuflda. mefe bagratIV (1027-1072) ukve TviTon xelmZRvanelobssasamarTlo saeklesio krebasopizisa da miZnaZoris samamulo davisganxilvisas. iRebs, usmens modave mxareebs,niSnavs saqmis garCevas, iwvevssaTanado specialistebs, winaswar swavlobssaqmes, ixilavs sabuTebs da iwvevssasamarTlo sxdomas. procesze qveyndebayvela sabuTi sajarod, ismineba mxareebisaxsna-ganmarteba, iniSneba paeqroba, fasdebadamamtkicebeli sabuTebi. procesSimonawileoben iuristebi _ `mecnierni sabWoTasaqmeTani~. dadgenileba eklesiismimarT sigelis saxiT mefem gamosca. Tumca,sinamdvileSi, am sadavo sakiTxis gadasaWreladmowveul saeklesio krebaSimonawileobdnen rogorc misi samefos aRmosavleTis(aRmosavleT saqarTvelos,zeda mamulebis), ise dasavleT saqarTvelos(qveda mamulebis) ierarqebi.am dros Cveni eklesiis samarTliserT-erT wyarod, agreTve, ikveTeba eklesiismamaTa ganmartebani, erTi aseTiawmida eqvTime mTawmideli.1906 w. peterburgis winasakrebo TaTbirzeprof. almazovi amtkicebda, romsaqarTvelos eklesiam Tavis droze avtokefaliamiiRo politikuri nebiT, amitomacistoriulad misi gauqmebac asevepolitikuri nebiT ruseTis mier kanonikuradunda CaiTvaloso. eklesiaTa avtokefaliisuflebasTan dakavSirebiT,saeklesio samarTlis mcodne v. cipiniwers: `Zvelad gamoiTqmoda xolme mcdarimosazreba imis Sesaxeb, rom avtokefaluradunda CaTvliliyo mxolod mociqulTamier daarsebuli eklesiebi. papilev didi am safuZvelze dayrdnobiT sakamaTodxdida konstantinopolis eklesiisavtokefalias. radganac miiCnevda, romis ar iyo daarsebuli mociqulebis mier,xolo antioqiis sapatriarqo uaryofdaqarTuli eklesiis avtokefalias im istoriuladsaeWvo faqtze dayrdnobiT,rom mociqulTagan aravin yofila saqar-TveloSi. amave dros, erTi mxriv, ueWveladmociqulTa mier daarsebul zogierTeklesias arasodes hqonia avtoke-427v. cipini, dasax. naSr., gv. 35-36.


136 mitropoliti anania jafariZefalia (magaliTad, korinTosa, Tesalonikisa),meore mxriv, arsebobs eklesiebi,romelTa TviTmyofadoba yvelas mier arisaRiarebuli, Tumca isini mociqulebs ardauarsebiaT. 428saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliasTandakavSirebiT v. cipini gamoTqvamsaseT mosazrebas: `wmida mociqulTa sworisninos gavleniT axali sarwmunoebamiiRo qarTvelTa mefe mirianma. slavurieklesiebisagan gansxvavebiT, saqar-Tvelos eklesiis dedaeklesia iyo arakonstantinopolis, aramed antioqiiseklesia. 467 wels iveriis eklesiiswinamZRvarma, romelsac kaTedra mcxeTaSihqonda, miiRo antioqiis kaTedrisagankaTolikosis tituli. am tituliT iwodebodnenbizantiis imperiis aRmosavleTissazRvrebs iqiT myofi eklesiebis pirvelierarqebi.kaTolikosis pativis pirveladxseneba gvxvdeba 410 wlidan. ka-Tolikosi maSin iyo babilonis selevskiisepiskoposi, romelic sparseTis eklesiasmeTaurobda da Sedioda antioqiis arqiepiskoposisiurisdiqciaSi (romelicmogvianebiT da amJamad iwodeba aRmosavleTispatriarqad), oRond Zalze far-To avtonomiis uflebiT, radganac bizantia-sparseTissazRvrebze, TiTqmismudmivi omianobis gamo, sakaTalikososkavSiri kaTedrasTan garTulebuli iyo.kaTolikosebad agreTve iwodebodnen somxurieklesiis patriarqebi, romelnicmsoflio marTlmadideblobas gamoeyvnenqalkedonis krebis Semdeg. saqarTveloseklesiis kaTolikosebi, faqtobrivad VIIIs-is Suaxnebidan iqcnen TviTmyofad pirvelierarqebad,Tumca saqarTvelos eklesiisavtokefalia arc antioqiasa daarc konstantinopolSi aRiarebuli aryofila. XIV s-Si dasavleT saqarTvelo-Si warmoiqmna axali sakaTalikoso, rezidenciiTjer biWvinTaSi, Semdeg kiquTaisSi. 1801 wels saqarTvelo SeerTebuliqna ruseTis imperiasTan, male,1811 wels, uqmdeba saqarTvelos eklesiisavtokefaliac, kaTolikos anton II-ismosasveneblad wasvlis Semdeg wmida sinodmasaqarTveloSi daniSna egzarqosi.1917 wels saqarTvelos eklesiam aRidginaTavis avtokefaluri statusi, romelicar iqna cnobili arc ruseTis eklesiisadgilobrivi krebis mier (1917-1918ww.) da arc axalarCeul patriarq wmidatixonis mier. saqarTvelos eklesiis me-Taurma miiRo kaTolikos-patriarqis tituli.kanonikuri urTierToba rusul daqarTul eklesiaTa Soris aRdga 1943 w.~. 429msgavsad v. cipinisa da k. kekeliZisa,b. lominaZec miiCnevs, rom qarTulmaeklesiam VIII s-Si ganimtkica, xoloXI s-Si sabolood miiRo avtokefalia.yvela am mkvlevarisaTvis dauZleveliiyo XI s-is melqiti beris, nikonSavmTelisa da efrem mcires mier mowodebulicnoba, rom imperator konstantinekopronimes dros (741-775) oriqarTveli beri mivida patriarq TeofilaqteantioqielTan (daaxl, 744-751).`isini Ciodnen, rom qarTvelebs aRarhyavT kaTalikosi `rameTu dRiTgan netarisaanastasi mRvdelTmTavrisa (+610),antioqieli patriarqisa, ara kurTxeulars maTda kaTolikosi mTavarepiskoposisiZnelisaTvis gzisa, rameTu agarianTaganveravin ikadrebs svlad~. es cnoba,rogorc garkveulia v. goilaZis mier,Seexeba ara mcxeTis sakaTalikosos,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelos im eklesias,romelic xatmebrZolur eresis gamo428Â. À. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîå Ïðàâî, 1994, ñò. 204; 429 Â. À. Öûïèí, Öåðêîâíîå Ïðàâî, 1994, ñò. 217.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli137cdilobda gamosvlas konstantinopolissapatriarqos iurisdiqciidan da kanonikurigziT Tavisuflebis mopovebas. (Cvenam sakiTxs mravaljer vexebiT qvemoTparagrafebSi: `antioqiis I saeklesio kreba~,`javaxeTis saeklesio kreba~ da sxva).rogorc Cven garkveuli gvaqvs, Tavdapirvelad,mTargmnelTa, Semdeg ki mkvlevarTaSecdoma gamoiwvia iman, rom ucxoelebiara mxolod aRmosavleT saqarTvelos,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiasacuwodebdnen `iberiis eklesias~,kerZod dasavleT saqarTvelos sakaTalikosos_ `qvemo iberiis saarqiepiskoposos~uwodebdnen saukuneTa manZilze. 430rogorc Cans, berZnul wyaroSi ewera,rom antioqiaSi berebi Cavidnen iberiidan(igulisxmeboda `qvemo iberia~, anudasavleT saqarTvelo), mTargmnelma sityva`iberia~ `qarTlad~ Targmna, qarTl-Si ki moiazres mcxeTis sakaTalikoso.es sakiTxi ganxilulia Sesabamis paragrafebSi,amitomac am cnobis gamoyenebiT,mtkiceba _ mcxeTis sakaTalikosos mierVIII s-Si avtokefaliis mopovebis Sesaxeb– uadgiloa. rac Sexeeba XI s-s, aqigulisxmeba giorgi mTawmidelis cnobilikamaTi antioqiis patriarqTan. (essakiTxi ganxilulia paragrafSi `antioqiisII saeklesio kreba~). rogorc wyaroebisanalizi aCvenebs, am dros qarTuleklesias ar moupovebia avtokefalia, radganacmisi TavisTavadoba, giorgi mTawmidelissityviT, ukve saukuneebs iTvlidada aqedan gamomdinare, saqarTveloseklesiis samarTlis wyaros aRniSnulperiodSi (VI-XI ss.) warmoadgenda araucxo sapatriarqoTa dadgenilebebi, gamotaniliqarTuli eklesiis mimarT, aramedadgilobrivi (qarTuli) saeklesio krebaTadadgenilebani da gadawyvetilebani,rogorc es Cans `javaxeTis krebisa~ dasxva krebaTa magaliTiT.ruis-urbnisis cnobil krebamde samarTlismxriv eklesiaSi aseTi mdgomareobayofila:IX-X ss-Si, qarTuli saeklesio samarTlisSesaxeb cnobebs gvawvdis bagratkurapalatis samarTlis wignis nawyvetebi,romelic SemorCenilia beqa-aRbugassamarTalSi. i. doliZis TvalsazrisiT,igi `miuTiTebs Tamar mefis wina periodze,roca mefe samRvdelobis winaSejer kidev uZluri iyo~. 431i. doliZis azriT, XII s-mde saqarTvelosmefe `samRvdeloebis winaSe jerkidev uZluri iyo~. qveyanaSi episkoposebsada samRvdeloebas eWiraT gabatonebulimdgomareoba. 431 i. doliZe mimoixilavsbagratis samarTlis cnobil101, 102 da 103-e kanonebs da askvnis,rom `es samive muxli iseT xanas undaekuTvnodes, roca samRvdeloeba saqarTveloSisruli batoni iyo da saeromTavrobaze maRla eWira Tavi, ese igidaviT aRmaSeneblis uwinaresi xanisa undaiyos~. 432 kerZod, 102-e muxli aseTia _`Tu mefe ebiskopozsa gauwyres – ginausamarTlod, gina samarTliTa – xelTaSepyrobaY arca maSin moxdebis, amisaTvisrome meore mefe ebiskopozi arisda qristianeTa sjulisa damamtkicebelida raYca mefesa sjulisa saqme aqvs,agre Seiwynarebs~. 433 saerTod, bagratkurapalatis samarTali `gaCenilia~ `pirveladdaviTian bagrat kurapalatisa daaRmaSenebelTa mefeT-mefeTa brZanebiT~,430saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. II, gv. 90; 431 i. doliZe, Zveli qarTulisamarTali, 1953, gv. 45; 432 iqve, gv. 450; 433 iqve, gv. 47.


138 mitropoliti anania jafariZemagram es sakmarisi ar iyo samarTlisgamosacemad. amitomac iqve naTqvamia –`da mere episkoposTa, didebulTa daaznaurTa da Wkuian kacTa mefeTa winaSeerTbaSad gaCenili gangebiTa RmrTisaY-Ta~. 434 maSasadame, Tavis droze bagratkurapalatis samarTali SeumuSavebiamefis winaSe Sekrebil krebas, es cxadiaunda yofiliyo darbazoba episkoposebis,didebulebis, aznaurebisa daWkvian kacTa monawileobiT. am samar-TalSi `samRvdeloebis privilegirebulida maRali uflebrivi mdgomareobanaTlad Cans samarTlis wignis sxva muxlebSic(105-108, 112, 121-122, 139 dasxv.). es, i. doliZis azriT, miuTiTebs,rom `bagratis samarTali~ erTi kanonmdeblismieraa SemuSavebuli. muxlebierTmaneTTan ar arian Seusabamobasa dawinaaRmdegobaSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom iv.javaxiSvilis azriT, es samarTali bagratI-s anda bagrat III-s unda ekuTvnodes.i. doliZe gamoricxavs bagrat III-s,radganac mis dros `saxelmwifos mxoloderTi mefe hyavda da episkoposi`meore mefe~ ar iyo~. i. doliZe fiqrobs,rom am samarTlis Semoqmedia bagrat IV,rasac ar eTanxmebian Tanamedrove mkvlevarebi,rogorc aRniSnulia, isini ufrouWeren mxars bagrat I-s. bagrat I (826-876) kurapalati iyo Ze mefe aSot Ididisa (kurapalatisa), romelTa drosactao-klarjeTis `qarTvelTa samefo-Si~ samRvdeloeba uZlieres Zalas warmoadgendada, amave dros, iyo xelmwifissayrdenic. swored eklesiis avtoritetidanamoizarda `qarTvelTa samefos~Tavdapirveli Zliereba, radganacsaqarTvelo daSlili qveyana iyo, Zvelisamefo dinastia farnavazian-xosroianebisadamarcxebuli, xolo kuTxeebSi jer kidevar iyo saero xelisufleba fexmokidebuli.yovelivem asaxva hpova `bagrat kurapalatis~samarTalSi. amiT unda aixsnasis uCveulo movlena, rom saqarTveloSisaeklesio iurisdiqcia saero saqmeebzecvrceldeboda. iv. javaxiSvilis azriT,`bizantiis gavlena qarTul mwerlobasada kulturaze XII s-Si daiwyo~.434i. doliZe, Zveli qarTuli samarTali, 1953, gv. 335.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli139saeklesio samarTlis wyaroebiruis-urbnisis krebis Semdeg (XII-XVIII ss.)saqarTvelos eklesias, viTarca avtokefalurs,hqonda suverenuli sakanonmdeblosaqmianobis ufleba Tavisi avtokefaliissazRvrebSi, rasac axorcielebdakidec aTaswleulTa manZilzeruis-urbnisis krebamde da mis SemdegXIX s-mde, avtokefaliis gauqmebamde.saeklesio kanonmdeblobis adgilobrivorganos, pirvel rigSi warmoadgendnensaeklesio krebebi.saqarTvelos saeklesio krebebs, rogorcCvenamde moRweuli masalebis analizidanCans (warmodgenilia qvemoT,Sesabamis paragrafebSi), axasiaTebda gansakuTrebulispecifika, romelic undaasaxavdes saqarTveloSi saeklesio dasaxelmwifo xelisuflebaTa urTierTdamokidebulebas.rogorc cnobilia, arsebobsam (saeklesio da saxelmwifo xelisuflebaTa)urTierTdamokidebulebissxva-dasxva sistema. maT Soris idealuradmiiCneva simfoniuri damokidebuleba.bizantiaSi, romelic etalons warmoadgendaqarTvelebisaTvis saeklesiourTierTobaTa sferoSi, SemuSavebuliiyo eklesiisa da saxelmwifos urTier-Tobis ZiriTadi principebi, romlebic imperiissaxelmwifo kanonebsa da sjuliswesebSic iqna Setanili, isini aisaxawmida mamaTa nawerebSic. esaa eklesiisada saxelmwifos simfoniis principi.rogorc iTqva, simfoniis arsia urTierTTanamSromloba,urTierTdaxmareba,erTmaneTis mimarT zrunva da pasuxismgeblobaise, rom erTi mxare meoris gansakuTrebulikompetenciis sferoSi arSeiWras. miiCneva, rom es principi yvelazeuke-Taa Camoyalibebuli imperatoriustinianes VI novelaSi: `udidesi sikeTe,romelic adamianebs RmerTis didi saxierebiTmieniWaT _ mRvdloba da mefobaa,romelTagan pirveli (e.i. saeklesio xelisufleba)saRmrTo saqmisaTvis zrunavsda mas xelmZRvanelobs, xolo meore (saxelmwifoxelisufleba) ki kacobriobisaTvis,orive momdinareobs erTi da imavewyarodan... Tu sasuliero mxare yovelivesRvTisaTvis saTnod ganagebs, xolosaxelmwifo xelisufleba masze mindobilsaxelmwifos samarTliT marTavs,maSin maT Soris yvelaferSi sruli Tanxmobaiqneba, rac kacobriobas sargeblobasada sikeTes moutans~. am principidangamomdinare, iustiniane Tavis noveleb-Si sjulier wesebs saxelmwifo kanonisZalas aniWebda. am midgomis gamo saeklesioda saero wesebi erTobliobaSizogjer mefis saxeliT gamoicemoda, magramdamtkicebuli iyo saeklesio xelisufalTamier, es damaxasiaTebeli iyosaqarTvelosaTvisac (amis Sesaxeb ixileTqvemoT, krebaTa ganxilvis dros).iustinianemdec, IV-V ss-Si, romisimperiaSi miiCneoda, rom saero da sasulieroxelisuflebas erTmaneTisaTvismxari unda daeWiraT, radganac erTiswarmatebiT meorec warmatebas miaRwevda,WeSmariti sarwmunoeba samarTliTgabrwyindeboda, saxelmwifo ki ayvavdeboda.miiCneoda, agreTve, rom orive esxelisufleba gaerTianebuli unda yofiliyozemoaRniSnuli miznis misaRwe-


140 mitropoliti anania jafariZevad, daculi unda yofiliyo saxelmwifoda saeklesio xelisuflebas SorisurRvevi kavSiri _ RvTis gangebis ukeTaRsrulebisa da xalxis samsaxurisaTvis:`vinc erTisaTvis (saxelmwifosaTvis,qveSevrdomebisaTvis) zrunavs, meorezec(eklesiisaTvis, marTali sarwmunoebisaTvis)fiqrobs~. 435rogorc qvemoT gamoCndeba, aRniSnulisimfoniuri kavSiri, Cans, Tavidanve,ukve IV-V ss-danve daedo safuZvladsaqarTveloSi saxelmwifosa da eklesiasSoris urTierTobas. amiT unda aixsnasis araCveulebrivi garemoeba, rom zogjersaqarTvelos saeklesio kreba imavdrouladwarmoadgenda saxelmwifo darbazissxdomas, anda piriqiT, saxelmwifo darbazissxdoma, Sesabamisi saeklesio sakiTxisganxilvis dros, gadaiqceoda saeklesiokrebad, romelsac gamohqonda saeklesiosaxis dadgenilebani (es sakiTxiganxilulia qvemoT, Sesabamis calkeulsaeklesio krebaTa ganxilvisas).saqarTvelos saeklesio krebebs, rogorcwesi, iwvevda mefe (rogorc bizantiaSi),Tumca ramdenime gamonaklisicarsebobs. rogorc aRvniSneT, zogjersaeklesio sakiTxebi ixileboda saxelmwifodarbazis mier. saxelmwifo darbazs,Cans, amis ufleba eniWeboda imisgamo, rom igi Tavisi SemadgenlobiT gamoxatavdaurRvev kavSirs _ mTlianobassaxelmwifo da saeklesio xelisuflebasSoris. kerZod, darbazobisas `xelmwifiskaris~ garda, ikribeboda qveynisyvela nawilis episkopati (`zemo~ da`qvemo~ mamulebidan~, anu aRmosavleTda dasavleT saqarTvelodan), mniSvnelovanimonastrebis winamZRvrebi, da cxadia,saero xelisufleba. darbazobisumTavresi birTvi iyo `xelmwifis kari~.es ukanaskneli Semadgenlobis mxrivagreTve gamoxatavda mTlianobas saeroda saeklesio xelisuflebisa, kerZod,igi Sedgeboda mefisa da oTxi berisagan.es `oTxi beri~ iyo: 1. kaTalikosiqarTlisa, anu igive sruliad saqarTvelospatriarqi; 2. afxazeTis kaTalikosi;3. mwignobarTuxucesi, igive Wyondideliepiskoposi; 4. moZRvarT-moZRvari.es oTxi beri, Cans, sinamdvileSiwarmoadgenda mefis karze mudmivad moqmedsaxelmwifo sabWos, romlis erTerTiwevri mwignobarTuxucesi _ ukvenamdvilad unda yofiliyo (yoveldRiurad)xelmwifis karze 436 da mefis saxeliTemarTa saxelmwifo saqmeebi, anuTanamedrove terminologiiT, rogorc esgarkveulia ivane javaxiSvilis mier _ igiiyo premier-ministri, Tavmjdomare mTavrobisa(ixileT aqve, saqarTvelos eklesiismmarTveli ierarqia, `vazirTuxucesi~).darbazobis sxdomas, rogorc aRini-Sna, eswrebodnen: mefe, oTxi beri, uxucesebi(vezirebi), episkoposebi,winamZRvrebi, saqveyno xelisufalni. `oTxbers~ _ gansakuTrebuli ufleba hqondasaqveyno da marTvis saqmeSi, imavdroulad,isini eklesiis mmarTvelebi iyvnen.zemoaRniSnuliT unda yofiliyo gamowveuliCveni mematianis mtkiceba `darbaziskaridan~ saeklesio `wesebis~ gamocemisSesaxeb: `monasterni da saepiskoposonida yovelni eklesiani wessa da rigsalocvisasa da yovlisa saeklesioYsagangebisas darbazis kariT miiRebdian,viTarca kanonsa ucdomelsa da yovladSveniersa da dawyobilsa, keTilwesierebasalocvisa da marxvisasa~. 437435v. cipini, eklesia da saxelmwifo, saq. ekl. kalendari, 1999, gv. 146; 436 saqarTvelossamociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. II, gv. 254; 437 qarTlis cxovreba, t. I, gv. 352.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli141SeiZleba iTqvas, mematianis am cnobasadasturebs `xelmwifis karis garigebis~avtori: `gelaTisagan kide saydarnida sxvani monasterni da eklesiani, xucesnida monazonni da rac saeklesionidasni arian, yvela Wyondidelis da sawolismwignobaris saxelosia~. 438 maSasadame,saeklesio dasi xelmwifis karidanimarTeba, magram ara saero xelisuflis,aramed sasuliero wodebis, magramqveynis mmarTveli xelisuflis _Wyondidelis mier. am uflebas mas, Cans,aZlevs `oTxi beris~ sabWo. am gasocarifaqtis axsna SeiZleba niko maris sityviT_ `Zvel saqarTveloSi saero dasasuliero Zalauflebis erToba warmoadgendaudavo faqts~.Zvel saqarTveloSi saxelmwifo dasaeklesio xelisufleba gaerTianebuliiyo, mis mier qveyana da eklesia erTiZalauflebrivi centridan erTiani ZalauflebiTimarTeboda. saero da sasulieroZalauflebebis erT xelSi harmoniuli,simfoniuri Tavmoyra _ ZveliqarTuli (ruis-urbnisis krebamdeli) naS-Ti unda yofiliyo. rogorc Cans, ruisurbnisiskrebaze saxelmwifo xelisuflebamkanonieri saxe misca am ukvearsebul faqts, mwignobarTuxuces-vazir-Tuxucesis Tanamdebobis dawesebiT, Tumisi ZvelTaganve mopovebuli uflebisaRiarebiT. n. maris azriT, mwignobar-Tuxuces-Wyondidelis, anu saxelmwifo-Si mefis Semdeg meore saxelisuflebopiris, Tanamdebobis daweseba unda yofiliyosaqarTveloSi odesRac arsebulisaero da sasuliero ZalauflebiserT xelSi Tavmoyris tradiciis gviandeligadmonaSTi, romlis minamsgavsiaxevisberobis instituti moxeveebSi (ix.qvemoT paragrafi `mwignobarTuxucesi~).saxelmwifo xelisufleba, Cans, saqarTvelosgaerTianebis, anu XI s-is Semdegdainteresebuli iyo, mZlavri saeklesioxelisufleba gaeerTianebina saxelmwifoxelisuflebasTan da amiT erTiani xelisuflebamieRo. m. lorTqifaniZis,iseve, rogorc zogadad qarTuli istoriografiisTvalsazrisiT, ruis-urbnisiskrebis meSveobiT saxelmwifom daimor-Cila eklesia, imdenad, rom TviT darbaziskaridan iRebda eklesia `wessa dakanonebs~, romelnic `ucTomelad~ undamiCneuliyo, aseTia interpretireba mematianiscnobili cnobisa, romelic zemoTaamotanili, magram `darbazis kari~,TviTve warmoadgenda saeklesio organosgarkveuli TvalsazrisiT, amitomacmas ufleba hqonda gamoeca saeklesiodadgenilebanic aRsasruleblad. maSasadame,yofiliyo saqarTvelos saeklesiosamarTlis wyaro, amitomac araa marTebuliazri, TiTqosda ruis-urbnisis krebameklesia daumorCila saxelmwifos.saxelmwifo darbazobis saxe hqondabagrat IV-s mier mowveul krebas,romelmac saeklesio sakiTxi gaarCiaor monasters Soris. darbazobis sxdomissaxe hqonda Wulevis saeklesiokrebas, romelzedac damtkicda saxelmwifoebriviwarmoSobis beqasa da aRbuRaskanonebi, romelTac krebam TandaurTo e.w. `kanonikuri samarTali~,sakanonmdeblo saeklesio krebaze vaxtangVI-is mier moZiebuli `yovelniwigni samarTlisanni~ damtkicda da miecaqveyanaSi amoqmedebis ufleba.vaxtangis mier moZiebuli samarTliswignebi, romelic safuZvlad daedo cnobilqarTul vaxtangis samarTals, Seaf-438qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, II, gv. 82.


142 mitropoliti anania jafariZeasa da miiRo krebam, romelic SedgebodakaTalikozisa da episkoposebisagan.am krebas, rogorc saxelmwifo darbazissxdomas, mefesa da umaRles ierarqebTanerTad eswrebodnen didebulni,darbaiselni. vaxtang VI-s, maTi `damowmebada nebarTva~ esaWiroeboda, raTasamarTlis Zveli da axali normebi amoqmedebuliyo,rogorc TviT es ZegliaRniSnavs _ `damowmebiTa da nebadarTviTaTvisTa kaTalikoz-episkopos dadidebul-darbaiselTa. 439ufro adre, XIV s-is bolos WulevismonasterSi Semdgar saeklesio krebas,anu rac igivea, adgilobriv saxelmwifodarbazs, rogorc aRvniSneT,daumtkicebia beqa-aRbuRas samarTali,romelic amis Semdeg gavrcelda rogorcsaeklesio da saqveyno moqmedi samarTali.am sxdomas, mTavar aRbuRasTan er-Tad, eswrebodnen mawyvereli episkoposi,safaris moZRvari, samcxis, taos,SavSeTis da klarjeTis episkoposebi, meudabnoeberebi, moweseebi, agreTve, saeroxelisufalnic, romelTa erToblivi `mowmobiT~krebam samarTali gamosca. 440 (eskrebebi ganxilulia qvemoT).kidev ufro adre, XIV s-is dasawyisSi(1335 w.) krebam, romelsac wmida meufe,qarTlis kaTalikosi efTvime eswrebodaepiskoposebTan, vezirebTan, mouravebTanTemisa da Temis erisTavebTan, xevisberebTan,xevisTavebsa da herovanebTan erTad,mefis giorgis brwyinvalis TavmjdomareobiT(esaa saxelmwifo darbazi) gamoscasamarTali, marTalia ara saeklesio,aramed ufro saero `msoflio~, magramrogorc kreba aRniSnavs, igi iyo sasjulosaqmeTa Semcvelic. sasjulo saqmemTieli mosaxleobisa gamowvlilviT See-ZloT gaerCiaT saeklesio mTavrebs _`sxva rac sasjulo sakiTxavi iyos, igikaTalikozman da ganaCenTa maT zeda ebiskoposTamaT hkiTxon~. 441 (es kreba ganxiluliaqvemoT).rogorc Cans, qarTuli saxelmwifoebrivisistema, romelSic eklesiis vi-Tarca saxelmwifoebrvi sxeulisa daerTeulis Tvisebebi aRiarebuli iyo,Tavis yvelaze ufro sruli saxiT warmoCndaXII s-Si, daviT aRmaSeneblis dros,ruis-urbnisis krebis mier. daviTma ZiriTadisaxelmwifo uwyebani (saSinao,finansTa, nawilobriv samxedro) uSualodCaabara eklesiis ierarqs mwignobar-Tuxucess-Wyondidels, romelsac umaRlesisasamarTlo-saajo karic eWira. igiiyo `vazirT upirvelesi, faqtobrivadmefis moadgile, saxelmwifos mTeli mar-Tva-gamgeobis namdvili saWeTmpyrobeli,romelsac `karis garigeba~ mefis mamasacki uwodebs~. 442es Tanamdeboba rom ara fiqtiuri,aramed realuri iyo, Cans iqidanac, romXIII s-Si, roca `oTx berTagan~, anusaxelmwifo sabWos wevrTagan erT-erTma_ qarTlis kaTalikosma miqaelma xelTigdo mwignobarTuxucesis Tanamdebobac,aman Searyia Tamar mefis xelisufleba.msgavsi moxda SemdgomSic, basili Wyondidelisdros. miqael kaTalikosi, misiWyondidel-mwignobarTuxucesobis dros,niko berZeniSvilis TqmiT, `faqtiuradgamge unda gamxadariyo samefosi~. 443`miqaels viTarca erTdroulad eklesiismesaWesa da amave dros vazirTa upirvelesssaxelmwifo xelisuflebis xelSiCagdebac surda. mis daukiTxavad439qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, 1963, t. 1, gv. 101; 440 qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, 1963, t. 1, gv.425; 441 iqve, gv. 402; 442 iv. javaxiSvili, t. VII, gv. 113; 443 n. berZeniSvili, t. IX, 1979, gv. 198.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli143mefes araferi ar unda gaekeTebina, amitommiqaels, amieridan TviT mefezec kiZala da xelisufleba eqneboda... miqaelisaero-saxelmwifo da saeklesio xelisuflebismqonebeli da gamaerTianebeli iyo...es garemoeba saxelmwifosa da saerocxovrebaSi aucileblad eklesiis gabatonebasmoaswavebda... es saistorio mecnierebaSiwodebuls cezaro-papizms udridada romis eklesiis uflebriv Semecnebasmiemsgavseboda~. 444Tamaris msgavsad, Tavisi ukiduresiSeSfoTeba xelisuflebis moklebis Sesaxebgamoxata laSa giorgis Ze mefe daviTmac,roca basili Wyondidel-ujarmeligandidda imdenad, rom mefis magier (mefisdaukiTxavad) moqmedebda. `TaTarTawylis Robeze `sibaze~ yovelwliurmagamgzavrebam ulu daviTi Tavis saxelmwifosCamoaSora da am garemoebam vazir-Ta-upirvelesi damoukidebel da TviTnebambrZaneblad aqcia~. 445maSasadame, mefis saxelmwifoSi aryofnisdros mis adgils, faqtobrivad, mwignobarTuxucesiiWerda, xolo `oTx ber-Tagan~ erT-erTis xelSi Tanamdebobis Tavmoyrisdros mefis xelisufleba iryeoda.yovelive zemoaRniSnulis gamo, qarTulisamarTlebrivi sistemisaTvis ucxoabizantiuri ganmartebani, rom `imperatori(mefe) sakrebo dadgenilebebze maRla dgas,aris saeklesio ierarqiis winamZRoli dakanonmdebeli~ (dimitri xomatini, XIII s.).aseTi bizantiuri uzenaesoba saimperatoroxelisuflebisa saeklesio xelisuflebaze,zogierTi kanonistis TvalsazrisiT,safuZvels iZleoda daedanaSaulebinaT,cezaro-papizmSi, ramdenime imperatori,maT Soris _ ruseTSic; anu iqmnebodaiseTi viTareba, roca imperatorisaeklesio krebebzec maRla mdgomi, saeklesiosaqmeTa gamgebeli iyo. aseTi vi-Tareba saqarTveloSi warmoudgeneli iyo.aq saeklesio xelisufleba ar iCrdilebodasaxelmwifos mier, piriqiT, maTSoris simfoniuri urTierToba iyo.rogorc aRiniSna, saeklesio xelisuflebaaraTu uflebadakarguli iyo, aramedzogjer, garkveuli gadaxrebis dros, massaxelmwifo Zalauflebis Tavis xelSiaRebac ki SeeZlo. magram mas es arasodesunebebia, ase rom, qarTuli eklesiasamarTlis mxriv ar hgavda romauls,romelmac saxelmwifo xelisuflebazeTavisi uzenaesoba ganaxorciela. qarTulmaeklesiam TiTqmis XIX s-mde SeZloerovnul saxelmwifo xelisuflebasTansimfoniuri Tanaarseboba. amitomac, mar-Talia, Cven gvaqvs saxelmwifo warmoSobissaeklesio samarTlis wyaroebi, gamocemulniZiriTadad xelmwifis (saqarTvelosmefis), anda saxelmwifo mTlianobisdarRvevis SemTxvevaSi adgilobrivmefe-mTavarTa mier, magram maTi damtkiceba,anu amoqmedebis ufleba eklesiisierarqTa xelSi iyo da maT mier xdeboda.saxelmwifosa da eklesias SorisurTierToba mogvarebuli iyo, amitomacaseT wyaroTa umetesoba (esaa sigelebi,`dawerilebi~, `wesebi~, `wignebi~ da sxv.),ZiriTadad, Seexeboda eklesiisaTvis gaweuldaxmarebebsa da dawesebul SeRavaTebs,Tumca maTSi asaxulia is faqtic,rom saeklesio iurisdiqcia saero saqmeebzecvrceldeboda.444iv. javaxiSvili, t. VII, gv. 115; 445 iv. javaxiSvili, t. VI, 1982, gv. 60.


144 mitropoliti anania jafariZemongolebis Semosevebma ara martogaaRataka saqarTvelos eklesia, aramedmoSala simfoniuri urTierToba iqamdearsebul erovnul saxelmwifosa da eklesiasSoris, Tumca ki mongolebi cdilobdnendaecvaT eklesiis xelSeuxebloba,misi qoneba, gaeTavisuflebinaTsasuliero pirebi xarkisa da gadasaxadisagan.mongolTa Semosevebis SemdegsaqarTveloSi kvlav aRdga ZveleburiurTierTobani saxelmwifosa da eklesiasSoris.mongolTa xanas ganekuTvneba erTisaintereso faqti saqarTvelos eklesiissamarTlis istoriidan, romelic miagavsdasavleTis eklesiaSi dafiqsirebule.w. `interdiqts~. rogorc cnobilia,romis papebis mZlavri iaraRi saeroxelisuflebasTan brZolisas iyo interdiqti,romliTac ama Tu im qveyanaSiRvTismsaxurebis Sesrulebas manamde krZalavda,sanam qveSevrdomebi papis miergankveTil TavianT monarqs ar Camoagdebdnen.msgavsi momxdara saqarTveloSiculu daviTis dros.mongolTa mier `damtkicebulma~ xelmwifem,cxadia, Secvala iqamde arsebulidarbazobis wesi. axla ukve darbaziaRar gamoxatavda eklesiis interesebs,iq mongolebis interesebi ufroiyo daculi. amis gamo eklesiis interesebiqveyanaSi swored darbazis erTerTifrTis mier ilaxeboda. kerZod,saeklesio mamulebis mtaceblebs, romelTacwinaT `dakrulviT~ sjida eklesia,axla darbazis saxelmwifo aRmasrulesaeklesiosamarTlis wyaroebiqarTuli saxelmwifoebriobis gauqmebis periodebSibeli xelisufalni (amirspasalari, amirejibi,da sxv.) aqezebdnen. kerZod, iqamdearsebuli wesebiT: `samefo saxlisada palatis wesis~ Tanaxmad, `dakrulvili~piri saxelmwifos mier unda`Serisxuliyo~, CamorTmeoda mamulebi daar unda `SeeSvaT laSqarSi~. amis nacvlad,aRniSnuli darbaislebi damkrulvels(e.i. saeklesio pirs) aiZulebdnenkrulvis axsnas, e.i. unarCunebdnen mtaceblebsmitacebul saeklesio qonebas.qveyanaSi sxva uamravi Seviwroebac xdebodasasuliero pirebisa. amis gamo 1263wels Sekrebilma saeklesio sxdomam mefegaafrTxila _ `amisni mqnelni varT: arcmironsa gavxsniT, saqarTvelosa eklesiaTadavbeWdavT, xucesTa davayenebTwirvisa, naTvlisa da samkvdroTa ziarebisagan~.446 ra Sedegi unda mohyolodamorwmune qristianTa qveyanaSi RvTismsaxurebistotalur akrZalvas? dasavleTevropaSi msgavs situaciaSi aRSfoTebulimosaxleoba taxtidan Camoagdebdaxolme xelmwifes, romelic amavedros eklesiis mier iyo gankveTili. maSasadame,saqarTveloSic am qmedebas mefistaxtidan Camogdeba unda mohyolodaSedegad. rogorc Cans, mongolebis drosaceklesias kvlav hqonda saxelmwifoxelisuflebaze zemoqmedebis mZlavri iaraRi,rac aisaxa kidec saeklesio saqme-Ta gamocemul ZeglisweraSi. es sakiTxiganxilulia qvemoT 1263 wlis saeklesiokrebis gadmocemisas.XVII s-is Semdeg, iranisa da osmaleTisagresiisa da qarTvelTa erovnul-446qarT. samarT. Zegl., III, 164.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli145saxelmwifoebrivi cnobierebis dasustebisgamo, aRmosavleT saqarTvelo iranisxeldebul qveynad gadaiqca, mesxeTiki _ osmaleTisa. saeklesio saqmeebSiiranis Sahebi da mmarTvelebi ereodnen,romelnic zogjer gamoscemdnen kidecSesabamis sigelebs saqarTvelos saeklesiosaqmeTa Sesaxeb, zogjer patriarqebisdamtkicebis saqmeSic ereodnen.XVII s-is dasawyisidan, beri egnataSviliscnobiT, sparseTis moxelem –rostom mefe-xanma episkoposebs xelfasebidauniSna _ `yovelTaTvis jamagiriganuwesa~. 447XVII s-dan, imis Semdeg, rac aRmosavleTsaqarTvelo iranis imperiissazRvrebSi moeqca, qarTlis kaTalikosisdadgenaSi saWiro gamxdara iranisSahis nebarTva. `1687 w. Sah-solomoniswers firmanSi ioane kaTalikozs `radganTqveni wina moadgile (nikolozi) ardaemorCila nazarali xans, igi ganvkve-TeT da Tqven ioane dagadgineTo~. 448`kaxeTSi saeklesio mamulebs dauwyesdataceba da ciloba, amis gamo 1707wels `domenti kaTalikosi wavida yeen-Tan saCivlelad da misi wyalobis firmaniTkaxeTSi Cavida imam yuli xanTanyarajalaSi, gaariga saqme da mividamcxeTaSi~. 449 `mouZlurda sjuli daganiryvna wesi saeklesio~. 450`osmalTagan dapyrobis dros qarTulieklesiis saqmeebSi ereoda osmalosfaSa. Tbilisis dapyrobis Semdeg, 1727wels iases daxmarebiT besarion orbeliansmousyidia isay-faSa, `Seapara qrTami damiiRo kaTalikozoba 1728 w.~. 4511642 weli _ Sah-sefis firmanisaqarTvelos saeklesio mamulebis mowesrigebisSesaxeb: `...fadiSahuri SewynarebiTaRzevebulma kaTalikosma uwyodes...rostom xans... Seuwynarebia Tqveniqristiani meTauris, mesaWeTa SorisrCeulis Txovna da vedreba, rom saeklesio(samlocvelo) saxlebi gadaecesTqveni keTilgonierebis gankargulebaSi,raTa miRebuli (dadgenili) wesebis Sesabamisadixarjebodes (Semosavali)~... 4521684 w. _ `abas ziad-oRlis brZanebabrma episkopos zaqariasaTvis gasamrjelosdaniSvnis Sesaxeb. `gamovida maRalibrZaneba masze, rom kaxeTis olqisfuladi gamosavlebis mmarTvelma wlisdasawyisidan Tanxa 4 Tavrizis Tumaniiuwyos yovelwliur gasamrjelod brmaepiskopos zaqariasaTvis~... 4531701 w. _ Sah-sulTan huseinis firmaninazaralis biZaSvilis evdemozis kaTalikosaddamtkicebis Sesaxeb. `...ayvaniliaCveni brZanebiT kaTalikosis xarisxze yofilikaTalikosis ioanes gardacvalebisdRidan... saqarTvelos mcxovreblebma aRiaronqristianTa uwyebuli rCeuli amamxarisa damoukidebel kaTalikosad~. 454`gamovida maRali brZaneba... kaTalikosissoflebisa da mxareebis gafantuliglexebi... romel kuTxeSic iyon,Sekribon da daamkvidron TavianT sacxovrebeladgilebze... danarCen saqarTvelosmiwa-wyalis qarTvelebma winaaRmdegobaar gauwion mimofantuli glexebisTavianT `adgil-mamulisaken dabrunebaSi~.455`XVII s-is damdegs mcxeTaSi jariTmisuli Sah-abasi windebis amara Sevida447qarTlis cxovreba, II, gv. 425; 448 Vw[tncrbt frns^ c& 238$ 449 p. karbelaSvili, ierarqia, saq. ekl.kalendari, 1900, gv. 133; 450 qarTlis cxovreba, II, gv. 425; 451 p. karbelaSvili, dasax. naSr., gv.238; 452 m. xubua, saqarTvelos muzeumebis sparsuli firmanebi da hoqmebi, 1949, gv. 10; 453 iqve, gv.22; 454 iqve, gv. 40; 455 iqve, gv. 11.


146 mitropoliti anania jafariZesveticxovelSi, Tayvani sca mas, xolosamRvdeloebas yvela mamulis xelSeuxeblobafirmaniT daumtkica~. 456sparseTis Sahi nadiris 1742 wlisfirmanSi vkiTxulobT Semdegs: `wyalobiTauzenaesi RmrTisaTa gamoica umaRlesibrZaneba: maRalxarisxovanma kaxe-Tis moadgilem Teimuraz xanma, qarTlisada kaxeTis samRvdeloebasTan da TavadaznaurobasTanerTad, momaxsenes, rommaTi kaTalikozi gardaicvala, xolo misadgilas aurCeviaT maRal-usamRvdeloesinikolozi da mTxoven mis damtkicebas.maTi survilis Tanaxmad, vamtkicebnikolozs kaTalikozis xarisxSi da amwlis damdegidan vuniSnav, winandeli kaTalikozebismagaliTis mixedviT, jamagirs1000 maneTs nadirisas, raTa igiaRasrulebdes am Tanamdebobas~... 457ori wlis Semdeg kaTalikozi nikolozigardaicvala da mis adgilzearCeul iqna anton I. igive Sahi amtkicebsam kaTalikozsac da valad uwesebs:`ganage Seni samwyso mandauri wesebisada CveulebaTa Tanaxmad, mcxovrebTasasiamovnod, xolo Tavadebs, didebulebsada xalxs brZanebas aZlevs: `miiReT igiTqvens kaTalikosad, samRvdeloebis Tavadadda yvela sasuliero saqmeSi ufrosad~.457 1620-iani wlebidan qarTlkaxeTsmahmadiani mmarTvelebi marTavdnen,ramac saeklesio wyaroebsac Taviseburisaxe misca.mTlianad gansxvavdeboda saeklesiosamarTlis wyaroebis mxriv dasavleTsaqarTvelos eklesia. aq kaTalikosskvla-vindeburad irCevda adgilobrivisaeklesio kreba. radganac dasavleTsaqarTvelom, anu `afxazeTis sakaTalikosom~SeinarCuna TavisTavadoba daarcerTi ucxoeli saxelmwifo mis kaTalikossar amtkicebda da xelfass aruxdida, cxadia, misi meTauri miiCneoda`ufros, anu uxuces~ pirvelierarqadaRmosavleT saqarTvelos pirvelierarqTanmimarTebisas (gansxvavebiT Zvelisaukuneebisagan). amis Sesaxeb cnobebsgvawvdian antioqieli da ierusalimelipatriarqebi: XVII s-is ierusalimeli patriarqidosiTeosi wers: `iberiaSi oriavtokefaluri arqiepiskoposia, romelTacqarTvelebi uwodeben kaTalikosebs. qvemoiberia, romelsac Zvelad kolxeTs dalazikas uwodebdnen, aqvs eparqiebi imereTSi,guriaSi, samegreloSi, afxazeTSi,svaneTsa da mesxeTis nawilSi. es eparqiebieqvemdebarebodnen konstantinopolissaydars fasidis mitropolitis sa-SualebiT... herakle keisris Semdeg -lev isavrosamde qvemo iberia ukve iyoavtokefaluri saarqiepiskoposo... qvemoiberiis kaTalikosi pativiT ufro metiazemo iberiis kaTalikosze... iberebi qvemoiberiis kaTolikoss miiCneven ufrosad,radgan mefe, e.i. imereTis Tavi, iwodebamefeTa-mefed~. 458aRmosavleT saqarTveloSi mahmadianebisbatonobis dros, imereTis, anu qvemoiberiis samefom da eklesiam SeinarCunesZveli damoukidebloba, amitomac `qvemoiberiis~ (afxazeTis) kaTalikosis pativiufro metad iqna aRiarebuli.imaves wers meore ierusalimeli patriarqiqrisanTo anu xrisanfi _`saqarTveloSi... arqiepiskoposi qvemoiberiisa, iwodeba imereTis, oseTis, guriisda sruliad iberiis unetares kaTalikosad,rogorc ufrosi zemo iberiis456g. rogava, qristianuli religia da eklesia saqarTveloSi, 1801-1917 ww., Tb., 1997 w. gv. 33; 457Ìöõåòñê. Àêòû, c. 238; 458 saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, II, gv. 90.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli147kaTalikosze, xolo meore, e.i. zemoiberiisa, iwodeba qarTlis, kaxeTis, albaneTisda sruliad zemo iberiis unetareskaTalikosad~. 459imis gamo, rom aRmosavleTsaqarTveloSi mahmadianebi batonobdnen,xolo dasavleT saqarTvelos mmarTvelisamefo zedafena kvlavac iyo qristianulida eklesia marTuli sakuTari krebismier, amitomac dasavleT saqarTveloskaTalikosebi, zogjer `sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTalikozebs~ uwodebdnenTavianT Tavs, magaliTad kaTalikosigrigol lorTqifaniZe XVIII s-isdasawyisSi: `grigol mwyemsi qristes mieryovlisa saqarTveloYsa kaTalikozi~. 460am droisaTvis aRmosavleT saqarTveloganixileboda viTarca iranis imperiisSemadgeneli nawili, qarTlisa da kaxe-Tis `samefoebs~ marTaven iraneli moxeleebi,Tumca eTnikurad qarTvelebi,konfesiurad ki _ gamahmadianebulebi.am droisaTvis saeklesio mamulebi, gansakuTrebiTki kaxeTSi, mitacebuli iqnasaero xelisufalTa mier. amave drosgarkveul centridanul midrekilebasamJRavnebda alaverdeli episkoposi,romelsac faqtobrivad emxrobodnen kaxeliepiskoposebi. iranis xelisuflebismier sakaTalikoso taxtze damtkicebuli(aseTi damtkiceba aucilebeli iyo)kaTalikos-patriarqi domenti IV (1705-1741) am saqmeTa mosagvareblad gaemgzavraispahanSi da miaRwia imas, rom iranisSahma mcxeTis sakaTalikosos daumtkicakaxeTis saeklesio mamulebi. es iyodidi gamarjveba mcxeTis sakaTalikosomTlianobis SesanarCuneblad, vaxtang VIisruseTSi gadaxvewis Semdeg osmalebmaxelSi aiRes aRmosavleT saqarTvelosxelisufleba, domenti IV gaemgzavrastambolSi, sadac mas agreTve daumtkicesmcxeTis saeklesio mamulebi (TumcasamSobloSi aRar gamouSves). erTisityviT, zogjer samarTlis wyaros mcxeTissakaTalikososTvis (am droisaTvis)dampyrobelTa xelisuflebis gadawyvetilebaniwarmoadgenda.iqamde, vaxtang VI-m moiwvia saeklesiokreba, romelmac `aRadgina darRveulisaeklesio samarTali~ (nazarali xanisepoqaSi dairRva).krebam gadaayena saero xelisuflebismier dasmuli kaTalikosi da mcxeTiskaTalikosad janiSinis Zma domenti air-Cia, rasac mcxeTis memamuleobis aRdgenamohyva. 1707 wels domenti kaTalikosmaSahis brZanebiT feodalebs minatacebiukan daabrunebina~. 461 Tumca, cxadia,ZiriTadad, saeklesio samarTliswyaros kvlav adgilobrivi krebebi (`darbaziskari~) warmoadgenda.`Tavisi samarTlis wigni vaxtangmadarbaiselTa (e.i. saero da saeklesiomaRali feodalebis) uSualo monawileobiTSeadgina~. 462rogorc iTqva, kaTolikos-patriarqmadomenti IV-m (1705-1741) imas miaRwia,rom 1710 wels kaxeTis mefes daviTII-s (imamyuli xans) daawerina sakaTalikosomamulebis mflobelobis simtkicissigeli (domenti IV-m vaxtangisiranSi yofnis dros scada samefo taxtisdakaveba!). 463dampyrobTa neba Cvens saeklesio cxovrebazecmoqmedebda imave doziT, rogorcosmaleTis imperiaSi arsebul sxva mar-Tlmadidebel sapatriarqoebze.459iqve, gv. 91; 460 qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. 1970, III, gv. 675; 461 n. berZeniSvili,`saqarTvelos istoriis sakiTxebi, t. VI, 1973, gv. 285; 462 iqve, gv. 284; 463 qse, 3, gv. 614.


148 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaeklesio samarTlis wyaroebi XVIII saukunismeore naxevarSi1745 wlidan qarTl-kaxeTis samefotaxtze qristiani mefis kvlav asvlisSemdeg (Teimuraz II, erekle II), mTavarsaeklesio sakanonmdeblo organos kvlavindeburadadgilobrivi krebebi warmoadgendnen.magram, am dros, ukve mefeebisaTvissamagaliTo orientirad gadaiqcais damokidebuleba saxelmwifo da saeklesioxelisuflebas Soris, romelic im epoqisruseTis imperiaSi arsebobda. kerZod,ruseTis msgavsad, saqarTveloSic Zalzegaizarda saeklesio krebaTa dadgenilebebzemefeebis gavlena. magaliTad, antonI-is Sesaxeb cnobil krebas (1755-56 w.) mefe Teimurazi TviTon karnaxobdadadgenilebis saxes, Teimurazma daereklem krebis dadgenileba gamoaqveyneskidec piradi gadawyvetilebis saxiT.Tumca, antonis dabrunebis Semdegkrebebma TiTqmis kvlav daibrunes Zvelisaxe (es sakiTxi ganxilulia Sesabamisikrebebis ganxilvisas).aRsaniSnavia, rom dasavleT saqarTvelossakaTalikosoSi da, saerTod, dasavleTsaqarTvelos samefosa da samTavroeb-Si damokidebuleba saxelmwifo da sasulieroxelisuflebas Soris kvlavZvel qarTul saxes inarCunebda, ker-Zod, Tu aRmosavleT saqarTveloSi mah-madianebis gabatonebis gamo es wonasworobairRveoda, dasavleT saqarTveloSiigi SenarCunebuli iyo da TviT XIX s-Si rusuli mmarTvelobis damyarebisdrosac ki arsebobda. igi sabolood moiSala1820-ian wlebSi, imereTis cnobili`cerkovni buntis~ CaxSobis Semdeg. magaliTad,imis Semdeg, rac rusebma imereTidangaaZeves mefe solomon II daiq Seiyvanes saokupacio jarebi, aRmoa-Cines, rom imereTis mosaxleoba imarTebodaromeliRac centridan, romelic avtoritetuliiyo yvela fenisaTvis. Ziebamdaadgina, rom arsebobda e.w. `saxelmwifosabWo~, Semdgari oTximRvdelmTavrisa (e.i. oTxi berisa) dadidebulebisagan (es sabWo jer kidevmefe solomon II-is qveyanaSi yofnisasmisi TanammarTveli iyo). Cven migvaCnia,rom am sabWoSi Semavali oTxi mRvdelmTavariiyo gadmonaSTi qarTveli xelmwifiskarze myofi `oTxi berisa~, romelicdarbazis da qveynis mmarTvel birTvsSeadgenda da gamoscemda dadgenilebebs(ix. Sesabamisi krebis ganxilva). Sesa-Zloa, rusebma xalxSi avtoritetuliam `oTxi beris~ gavleniT daakompleqtessaqarTvelo-imereTis sinodaluri kantora`oTxi wevriT~ (ix. qvemoT).


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli149saeklesio samarTlis wyaroebi avtokefaliis gauqmebisasXIX s-is dasawyisSi (1801 w.) ruse-Tis imperiam gaauqma saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobada misi nawilebi TavisSemadgenlobaSi Seiyvana. amas Sedegadmohyva saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliisgauqmeba da misi moqceva ruseTisuwmidesi sinodis mmarTvelobaSi. profesora. cagarelis azriT, saqarTvelosruseTis mier aneqsirebis sakiTxisaerTaSoriso samarTlis sferosganekuTvneboda, xolo saqarTvelos eklesiisdaqvemdebareba uwmidesi sinodismier warmoadgenda saeklesio samarTlissakiTxs. am ori samarTlis ZiriTadi principebiarsebiTad gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan,maSasadame, saqarTvelos ruseTTane.w. SeerTebiT ar SeiZleboda gamarTlebamisi avtokefalurobis gauqmebisa. amismagaliTad a. cagarels mohyavda III msofliokrebis me-8 muxli, romelmac aseTidaqvemdebareba ar dauSva, miuxedavad imisa,rom rogorc kviprosis eklesia, iseantioqiis sapatriarqo erT, bizantiisimperaSi mdebareobdnen teritoriulad. 464n. durnovosa da qarTveli episkoposebisTvalsazrisiT, ruseTis uwmidesmasinodma Caidina Semdegi saxis saeklesioukanonoba: saqarTvelos eklesiisdadgenilebebis da msoflio eklesiisTanxmobis gareSe gaauqma Zveli iveriissakaTalikoso, misi bolo kaTalikos-patriarqiZaldatanebiT gaasaxla ucxoqveyanaSi, saqarTvelos eklesias CamoarTvamamulebi, gaauqma saqarTvelos eklesiisadgilobrivi krebebi mTeli saukunismanZilze (avtokefaliis aRdgenam-de), daavala saqarTvelos eklesias misikrebis daudgenlad edResaswaula ruse-Tis eklesiis wmidanTa dReebi, agzavnidasaqarTvelos eklesiis mmarTvelad egzarqosebsda sxv. 465 qarTuli eklesiisSerwyma rusulTan im dros kanonikuradar momxdara, radganac es SeiZlebodamomxdariyo mxolod kanonikur safuZvelze,e.i. saqarTvelosa da ruseTiseklesiaTa adgilobrivi krebebis gadawyvetilebiT,aRmosavleTis patriarqTadasturiT, sinamdvileSi ki saqarTveloseklesiis avtokefalia gauqmebuli iqnaimperatoris neba-surviliT. jer kidev1809 wlis 6 ivniss saqarTvelos mTavarmarTebelmageneralma tormasovmaruseTis uwmidesi sinodis winaSe daayenasakiTxi saqarTvelos umaRlesi sasulierosammarTvelo organos dikasteriisSeqmnis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqanton II-is daqvemdebarebaSi.sabolood, imperatoris gadawyvetilebiTkaTalikosi anton II 1810wlis 3 noembers iZulebiT gagzavnesruseTSi (faqtobrivad dapatimrebuli,radganac miuyenes rusi mcvelebi, romlebsacTiTqosda igi unda daecvaT, raTagzaze romelime batoniSvils ar moetacna).1811 wlis TebervalSi generalmatormasovma sTxova uwmides sinods Tavisegzarqosad saqarTveloSi, kaTalikos-patriarqisnacvlad, daeniSna arqiepiskoposivarlam erisTavi. am ukanasknelmaSeadgina `proeqti saqarTvelos eklesiisgardasaqmnelad~, romelic daamtkicaimperatorma aleqsandre I-ma 1811 wlis464Öàãàðåëè À. Còàòúè è çàìåòêè ïî ãðóçèíñêîìó öåðêîâíîìó âîïðîñó, ÑÏÁ, 1912, ñ. XXII; 465 g.rogava, qristianuli religia da eklesia saqarTveloSi, 1801-1917 ww. 1997, gv. 111.


150 mitropoliti anania jafariZe30 ivniss. am proeqtis Tanaxmad, saqarTveloseklesias saTaveSi unda Casdgomodaspecialuri organo _ dikasteria,romelSic mRvdelmTavrebTan erTad arqimandritebicada dekanozebic unda Sesuliyvnen.mcxeTisa da qarTlis mitropolitsunda hqonoda uwmidesi sinodisegzarqosis wodeba. varlam erisTavsuboZes egzarqosoba da daumtkices ruse-Tis uwmidesi sinodis wevroba. 466 esmoxda imperatoris brZanebiT.1814 wlis 30 agvistos SeiqmnasaqarTvelo-imereTis sinodaluri kantoraruseTis uwmidesi sinodis daqvemdebarebaSi.egzarqosi iwoda saqarTvelo-imereTisegzarqosad, igi iyo Tavmjdomarekantorisa. amasTanave, quTaisSi Seiqmnadikasteria imereTis, samegrelosa daguriis eklesiebis samarTavad. 1810-1811wlebisaTvis aRmosavleT saqar-TveloSiiyo Semdegi eparqiebi: 1. mcxeTis; 2.sionis anu Tbilisis; 3. samTavros; 4.ruisis; 5. walkis; 6. samTavisis; 7.urbnisis; 8. niqozis; 9. alaverdis; 10.ninowmindis; 11. rusTavis; 12. nekresis;13. bodbis. maTi gamgeblobis qveS iyo799 eklesia, 7 arqiepiskoposi, 746mRvdeli, 146 diakvani, 661 eklesiis momsaxure,75 beri, 6 arqimandriti (qvabTaxevisa,SiomRvimisa, ikorTisa, daviTgarejis ioane naTlismcemlisa, SuamTisa,largvisisa da Tirisa 467 ), imereTSiiyo Semdegi eparqiebi: 1. quTaisis;2. gaenaTis; 3. xonis; 4. raWis _ 620eklesiiTa da 15 monastriT, samegrelo-Si iyo 3 eparqia: 1. Wyondidis (martvilis);2. caiSis; 3. cageris - 233 eklesiiT.guriaSi iyo erTi eparqia _ozurgeTisa. afxazeTi Sedioda samegreloseparqiaSi. magaliTad, samegrelosgaerTianebuli eparqiis mitropolitigeronti papitaSvili (1859-1862) _ afxazeTisepiskoposi iyo.saqarTvelo-imereTis sinodalur kantorasada egzarqoss daevalaT SeemcirebinaTsaqarTvelos samRvdeloebisricxvi, aRar moexdinaT axlebis kurTxeva,radganac imperiaSi miaCndaT, rommaTi raodenoba isedac Zalze didi iyo.aseve, Tavidanve miznad iyo dasaxuliSeemcirebinaT saqarTveloSi saepiskoposoebis(eparqiebis) ricxvi. marTlac, saeklesioreformis Semdeg aRmosavleTsaqarTvelos 13 eparqia 2 eparqiad iqnagaerTianebuli. imereTis 4 eparqia, 1819wlis 19 noembris brZanebiT, 1 eparqiadiqna gaerTianebuli, 1829 wlisaTvissamegreloSi 3-is nacvlad 1 eparqia iqnadatovebuli, isic 1874 w. gaauqmes, miuerTesimereTis kaTedras (samegrelosepiskoposs ewoda vikaruli episkoposi).guriis (jumaTis) samitropolito 1833wels SeuerTes imereTis eparqias. sxvadasxvawels sistematurad mimdinareobdaeparqiaTa SeerTeba, gauqmeba dakvlav aRdgena. 468ruseTis saxelmwifo xazinaSi ruse-Tis imperiam gadaricxa saqarTvelos saeklesiomiwebi, saerTo raodenobiT sul539.649 desetina, agreTve, ruseTis saxazinouwyebas gadaeca saeklesio glexebi_ 15.147 komli. xazinisaTvis gadacemulimiwebis fasi ganisazRvra680.031.250 maneTad (faqtobriv Rirebulebazenaklebad). am mamulebis sakompensaciodsaqarTvelos saegzarqososxazinidan yovelwliurad eZleoda106.000 maneTi. 469466g. rogava, qristianuli religia da eklesia saqarTveloSi, 1801-1917 ww. 1997, gv. 200; 467 iqve, gv.21; 468 iqve, gv. 25; 469 m. TadumaZe, saeklesio glexebis socialur-ekonomikuri mdgomareoba saqarTveloSi(XIX s. I naxevari). 1993, gv. 69.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli151saeklesio mamulebis saxazino fondSigadasvlis procesma gaiara 3 safexuri.pirvel safexurze, 1811 wlidan 1841wlamde, saeklesio aznaurebi TavianTiyma-mamuliT gadairicxnen saxazino uwyebaSi,sekularizaciis meore etapimoicavda 1843-1852 wlebs da ewodeboda_ `uZravi saeklesio mamulebis saxazinouwyebaSi gadasvla~. mesame etapze,1853-1869 wlebSi, yvela dasaxlebuliTu dausaxlebeli saeklesio miwa samudamodgadaeca saxazino mmarTvelobas,kirionis azriT, amis sanacvlod sasulierouwyebas eniSneboda yovelwliuri Semosavali760.000 maneTi. 470rogorc rusuli saeklesio-samoqalaqokanonmdebloba gvamcnobs, ruseTis uwmidessinods uSualod emorCileboda orisinodaluri kantora: moskovisa dasaqarTvelo-imereTisa (Uhepbyj-Bvthtnbycrfz),saqarTvelos eparqiebisaTvis sinodisganyofilebis movaleobas asrulebda`saqarTvelo-imereTis sinodaluri kantora~egzarqosis meTaurobiT. irCevdakandidatebs vakantur adgilebze da udgendasinods dasamtkiceblad~.1. saqarTvelo-imereTis sinodalurkantoras Tavmjdomareobda saqarTvelosegzarqosi. am kantoris wevrebs niSnavdauwmidesi sinodi. 4712. egzarqosi iniSneboda umaRlesi(e.i. saimperatoro) brZanebulebiT, uwmidesisinodis wevris wodebiT (1811 wlis30 ivlisis da 1817 wlis 14 martisbrZanebulebiT).3. saqarTvelo-imereTis kantora, uwmidesisinodis mier dakisrebul uSualomovaleobaTa garda, ixilavda agreTveeparqialuri mRvdelmTavrebisagan miRebulsaqmeebs (egzarqatis farglebSi) dawyvetda maT wevrebis saerTo TanxmobiT.uTanxmoebis SemTxvevaSi, gadascemdauwmides sinods. 4724. unda hyoloda uSualo meTvalyureobisqveS adgilobrivi berZnuli sam-Rvdeloeba, nebismieri darRveva undaecnobebina sinodisaTvis, raTa mas Tavismxriv euwyebina patriarqebisaTvis da,saerTod, aRmosavleTis eklesiebisa damonastrebis saqmeebze, romelnic Sediodnenegzarqatis sazRvrebSi, kontroliunda daewesebina. 472 (igulisxmeba, romsaqarTvelosa da kavkasiaSi aRmosavle-Tis, e.i. antioqia-ierusalimis patriarqebsTavianTi eklesia-monastrebi damamulebi hqondaT).5. kantoras evaleboda RvTismsaxurTagasamarTleba da SeeZlo maTTvis dana-SaulisaTvis wodebis CamorTmeva. 4726. gascemda metrikul mowmobebs dasamRvdeloTa mier gacemulT amowmebda.7. mis gamgeblobaSi Sedioda qarTlkaxeTis(saqarTvelos), imereTisa dasamegrelos yvela saeklesio qoneba, misiyvela SemosavliTa da gasavliT, amitomaciRebda yvela mRvdelmTavrisaganangariSebs eparqiaTa mixedviT da yovelwliuradamis Sesaxeb cnobas aZlevdauwmides sinods. 4728. saqarTvelo-imereTis sinodalurikantoris kancelaria imyofeboda uwmidesisinodis oberprokuroris mier gamorCeuliprokuroris uwyebaSi. 472saqarTvelo-imereTis sinodalur kantorasufro meti uflebamosileba hqonda,vidre moskovisas.saerTod, TviTon uwmidesi sinodidawesda gauqmebuli rusuli sapatri-470g. rogava, qristianuli religia da eklesia saqarTveloSi, 1997, gv. 28; 471 Îáoçðåíèå Öåðêîâíîãðàæäàíñêèõóçàêîíåíèé, ÑÏÁ, 1900, ñ. 95; 472 iqve, gv. 95.


152 mitropoliti anania jafariZearqo mmarTvelobis (1588-1700 ww.) sanacvlod,1721 wels imperator petre I-is brZanebiT. uwmides sinods urTier-Toba ministrebsa da umaRles saeropirebTan unda hqonoda sinodis oberprokurorissaSualebiT. ruseTSi patriarqobisSemdeg deformirebul iqna iqamderusul saxelmwifosa da eklesiasSoris arsebuli simfonia. saxelmwifowarmarTavda yovelgvar saeklesio saqmianobas,mkacrad akontrolebda saeklesiocxovrebas. krebebs aRar iwvevdnen.maT nacvlad dadgenil iqna e.w. `mcirekreba _ uwmidesi sinodi~, romelic gadaiqcasaeklesio xelisuflebis umaRlesorganod. amave dros uwmidesi sinodiiyo saxelmwifo dawesebuleba, senatis,saxelmwifo sabWos, anda ministrTa kabinetismsgavsad. sinodis yvela dadgenilebagamodioda tvifriT: `misi imperatorobiTiudidebulesobis brZanebiT~,misi vizireba unda moexdina agreTvesinodis oberprokurors. 473rogorc aRiniSna, 1815 wlidan dikasteriaquTaisSic unda daarsebuliyo,magram Seqmnili viTarebis gamo rusulmaxelisuflebam ver SeZlo dasavleTsaqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliisgauqmeba. mas meTaurobda afxazTa kaTalikosisadgilze mjdomi mitropolitidosiTeos quTaTeli (wereTeli), romelsac1798 wels solomon II-m uboZa kaTalikosoba,magram dosiTeosma faqtobrivadar ineba am umaRlesi titulis miReba,radganac surda saqarTvelos eklesiurigaerTianeba qarTlis kaTalikos-patriarqiserTmTavrobiT. qveynis politikurigaerTianebis momxre iyo gaenaTeli mitropolitieqvTime (efTvime ServaSiZe,guriis erisTavis Svili).aRmosavleT saqarTveloSi saeklesioqoneba aRweres da igi saqarTvelo-imereTissinodalur kantoras dauqvemdebares.imereTSi rusebs eklesiis qonebisaRwera xalxma ar daaneba, miuxedavadegzarqos varlamisa da 1817 wlidan egzarqosTeofane rusanovis mcdelobisa.imereTis saeklesio ajanyeba usastikesadCaaxSves 1820 wels. eklesiisdamoukideblobisaTvis mebrZoli mitropolitdosiTeos quTaTelis Sesaxebgaica brZaneba: `Tu cocxali igdeT xelT_ mokaliT, magram misi cxedari mand ardatovoT, saqarTvelos gareT unda davmarxoT~.dosiTeosi cemiT mokles tomaraSixel-fexSekruli.eqvTime gaenaTeli Seipyres da novgorodSigadaasaxles. imereTis oTxisaepiskoposo gauqmda da maT nacvladSeiqmna erTi eparqia _ 618 eklesiiT, 15monastriT, 693 mRvdliT, 1.800 saeklesioglexis komliT, 130 saeklesio aznauriskomliT, 186 saeklesio aznaurebisglexebis komliT, saeklesio qonebaimarTeboda saeklesio mouravebis institutismier. 474 `saqarTvelo-imereTis sinodalurikantora saqarTvelos egzarqosisTavmjdomareobiT~ Sedgeboda oTxiwevrisagan: 3 arqimanrditi da 1 dekanozi. 775saqarTvelos saegzarqosos umTavresimizani iyo aTaswleulTa manZilzedagrovili qarTuli saeklesio qonebisgadacema ruseTis xazinisaTvis, rasacmiaRwies XIX s-is 50-ian wlebSi, amisSemdeg umTavres orientirad daisaxaqarTveli xalxis garuseba rusuli saeklesiommarTvelobis meSveobiT. am epoqaSirusuli eklesia da misi nawilisaqarTvelos saegzarqoso imperiulimmarTvelobis Semadgeneli erTeuli iyo.473Îáoçðåíèå Öåðêîâíî-ãðàæäàíñêèõ óçàêîíåíèé, ÑÏÁ, 1900, ñ. 111; 474 g. vaWriZe, imereTis droebiTimmarTveloba, 1999 w. gv. 250; 475 Â. Öûïèí, öåðêîâíîå ïðàâî, ñ. 237-238.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli1531917 wlis krebebma (marti-seqtemberi)aRadgina saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefalia,mas saTaveSi Caudga uwmidesida unetaresi sruliad saqarTveloskaTalikos-patriarqi.am krebebiT daiwyo axali periodiCveni erisa da eklesiis cxovrebaSi,kvlavindeburad aRdgenil iqna adgilobrivisaeklesio krebebis, rogorc umaRlesisakanonmdeblo organoebis mowveva.1917 wlidan 1995 wlis CaTvliTkrebaTa angariSebi mocemulia Sesabamisadgilze. maT Soris aRsaniSnavia iskrebebi, romelTac gamosces `marTva-gamgeobisdebulebebi~. isini 1917, 1920,1928, 1945, 1995 wlebSi gamoica.miuxedavad amisa, saqarTvelos eklesiassamarTlis sferoSi ukve aRareWira is adgili, romelic tradiciuliiyo misTvis, vidre TiTqmis avtokefaliisgauqmebamde.ruseTis wmida sinodisa da imperiissaxelmwifo moxeleebisaTvisac ki cnobiliiyo is faqti, rom XX s-is avtokefalurimoZraoba miznad isaxavdaara mxolod saeklesio damoukideblobisaRdgenas, aramed mis saboloo mizanswarmoadgenda saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobisaRdgena (`Tavisufal eklesiasgverdiT amovuyenoT damoukidebelisaqarTvelo~ _ leonides sityvebia).avtokefaluri moZraobis wiaRSi warmoiSvaidea saqarTvelos administraciuligaerTianebisa. saqme is iyo, romimJamad arsebobda Tbilisisa da quTaisisguberniebi, soxumis, zaqaTalasa dabaTumis okrugebi, magram erTiani adminsaeklesiosamarTlis wyaroebi avtokefaliis aRdgenis Semdegistraciuli erTeuli `saqarTvelo~ ararsebobda. qarTveli eris konsolidaciisaTvisam ueWvelad pirvelxarisxovanproblemas gansakuTrebuli yuradRebamiapyro 1904-1917 wlebSi Catarebulmauamravma, TiTqmis 100-ze metma saeklesiokrebam, ufro metic, swored qarTulieklesiis wiaRSi da masTan daaxloebulinteligentTa wreebSi Camoyalibdaaxali idea, rom ruseTis imperiis wiaR-Si ara mxolod Camoyalibebuliyo administraciulierTeuli `saqarTvelo~,aramed mas hqonoda saxelmwifoebriviavtonomiac. saqarTvelos avtonomiis moTxovnassastikad ewinaaRmdegebodnen saqar-TveloSi imJamad liderobis mqone socialisturiorientaciis partiebi, saqarTvelosdamoukideblobis aRdgenisSemdeg, 1918-1921 wlebSi arsebul saxelmwifossaTaveSi Caudgnen iqamde misiTavisuflebis mowinaaRmdege socialistebi(menSevikebi), amasTan, isini aRmoCndnenmkveTrad gamoxatuli aTeisturiorientaciisa (iseve, rogorc maTi TanapartielibolSevikebi ruseTSi), amis gamomoxda ise, rom sabWoTa ruseTis miersaqarTvelos okupaciamde (25.02.1921)ramdenime dRiT adre xelisuflebam miiRosaqarTvelos konstitucia, romel-Sic mTlianad iyo ignorirebuli saqar-Tvelos aTaswlovani samociqulo eklesia,ufro metic, saqarTvelos saxelmwifosSemqmneli mravalmilioniani qarTvelixalxis erovnuli sarwmunoeba – mar-Tlmadidebloba gaTanabrebuli iyo qveyanaSiarsebul mcire samwysos mqone sxvadasxvakonfesiebTan. ase, rom saqarTve-


154 mitropoliti anania jafariZelos saxelmwifos Seqmnis erT-erTi iniciatorida misTvis ideurad TavdadebiTmebrZoli qarTuli eklesia `gamoyves~saxelmwifosagan. amiT mTlianad gada-Wres eklesiis normaluri arsebobisa daganviTarebisaTvis saWiro ekonomikuriZarRvi. qarTuli eklesia kerZo organizaciadgadaiqca. amgvar qmedebebs Sedegadmohyva qveyanaSi erovnul-patriotulisuliskveTebis dacema, nihilizmi,ramac gauadvila ruseTs saqarTvelosxelmeore okupacia da aneqsireba 1921wels, Camoyalibda axali urTierTobaeklesiasa da saxelmwifos Soris. XXs-Si arsebul am urTierTobas kargadgamoxatavs `saqarTvelos sabWoTa socialisturirespublikis kanonmdeblobaeklesiis Sesaxeb~, kerZod, misi me-11muxlis Tanaxmad `eklesia CamoSorebuliasaxelmwifos, skola _ eklesias~.1921 wlis 15 aprils dekretis `saxelmwifoseklesiisa da eklesiisagan skolisgamoyofis Sesaxeb~ me-14 muxlis Tanaxmad,`saeklesio da religiur sazogadoebebsara aqvT neba kerZo sakuTrebis flobisa,agreTve iuridiuli pirovnebebisuflebasac moklebulni arian~. msgavsiaam dekretis yvela muxli, sinamdvile-Si, eklesiaze uxeSad zemoqmedebda sa-.xelmwifo Tavisi damsjeli manqanismeSveobiT, romlis erT xilul nawilsXX s-is meore naxevarSi `religiursaqmeTa rwmunebulis aparati~ ewoda.XX s-is 90-ian wlebSi ssrk-is rRvevisSedegad kvlav warmoiSva damoukidebelisaqarTvelos saxelmwifo. samwuxarod,jerjerobiT ar Cans arsebiTi niSaniimisa, rom simfoniuri urTierTobaerovnul eklesiasa da erovnul saxelmwifosSoris, romelic damaxasiaTebeliiyo Zvel saqarTvelosaTvis, kvlavaRdges, rom eklesia ar iyos kanonmdeblobiTgamoyofili saxelmwifoebrivsaqveynocxovrebidan. arc im faqtseqceva yuradReba, rom msoflios umravlesdemokratiul qveynebSi arseboben`erovnuli~, `saxalxo~ saxelmwifoebrivistatusis mqone eklesiebi, romelTacminiWebuli aqvT ufleba kurirebdnenaRzrda-ganaTlebisa da socialursistemebs, yuradReba miapyron xalxismoralur-zneobrivi saxis gaumjobesebas.risTvisac eZlevaT Sesabamisi subsidiebi,imedia, es mdgomareoba CvenSicgaumjobesdeba.am mxriv did imeds gvisaxavs 2002wlis 14 oqtombers saqarTvelos uwmidesida unetaresi kaTolikos-patriarqisilia II-isa da saqarTvelos prezidentismier xelmowerili `konstituciuriSeTanxmeba saqarTvelos saxelmwifosada saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiisavtokefalur marTlmadidebel eklesiasSoris~. es dokumenti damtkicebuliaparlamentisa da wmida sinodismier da amJamad ZalaSia Sesuli.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli155nawili meoresaqarTvelos eklesiissakanonmdeblokrebebi


156 mitropoliti anania jafariZe


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli157ruis-urbnisis saeklesio kreba (1103-1104)ruis-urbnisis cnobil saeklesio krebasmravali gamokvleva miuZRvnes gamoCenilmaqarTvelma mecnierebma. ivane javaxiSvilisazriT, igi `Cveulebrivi, morigikreba ki ara, aramed sagangebo da gansakuTrebuliyriloba yofila~. 476unda aRiniSnos, rom e. gabiZaSvilikrebis mowvevis TariRad miiCnevs 1105wels. 477 tradiciuli TvalsazrisiT, eskreba 1103 wels moiwvia daviT aRmaSenebelma.r. metrevelis mixedviT, krebamowveul iqna 1104 wels. 478 1103 wliTkrebis daTariRebas xels TiTqosda isuSlis, rom krebis Zegliswera asea dasa-Taurebuli: `Zegliswera wmidisa da RmrTivSekrebulisakrebisa~, romeli SemokrbabrZanebiTa keTilad msaxurisa daRmrTiv dacvulisa mefisa Cuenisa daviTafxazTa da qarTvelTa, ranTa da kaxTamefisaYTa, pirTaTKs, romelni quemo moPsenebularian~. 479 miRebuli TvalsazrisiTki, 1103 wlisaTvis kaxeT-hereTi mefesmierTebuli ar hqonda, maSasadame, arcSesabamisi tituli gaaCnda, magram amZeglisweris dasaTaureba SeiZleba gvianiperiodis iyos. saerTod ki, k. kekeliZisazriT, `Zegliswera~ metad sayuradRebonaSTia qarTuli iuridiuli mwerlobisada ara marto qarTulis, aramedsazogadoisac, ramdenadac imaSi aRibeWdasazogado saeklesio-iuridiuli normebi~. 480Zegliswera iwyeba saRvTismetyvelovrceli SesavliT. saqarTveloSi qristianobisgavrcelebis Sesaxeb masSi gadmocemuliafundamenturi Tvalsazrisi,rom andria mociqulma mxolod dasavleT,anda samxreT saqarTveloSi ki ariqadaga, aramed `mTel saqarTveloSi~ damis dros ara qarTvelTa erTma jgufmamiiRo qristianoba qveynis romelime kuTxeSi_ aramed mTeli qarTveli eris umetesobam.II-III ss-Si qristianoba idevnebodada qristianTa ricxvic Semcirda,amitomac saWiro Seiqna wmida ninos qadageba,samefo saxlis moqceva. ZegliswerayuradRebas miapyrobs, rom wm. ninommxolod aRmosavleT saqarTvelo ki argaanaTla, aramed sruliad saqarTvelo,mTeli qarTveli eri. Tu raoden didmniSvnelovaniaaseTi Tvalsazrisi, iqidanacCans, rom dResac ki wm. ninos aRmosavleTsaqarTveloSi moRvawed da mefemirians aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mefedmiiCneven, Zeglisweris mixedviT ki mefemiriani sruliad saqarTvelos mefe iyoda mis dros rogorc dasavleTma, iseaRmosavleT saqarTvelom erTdrouladmiiRo qristianoba. ase rom, XI-XII ss-Ta saqarTveloSi erovnuli TviTSemecneba,erisa da qveynis sulieri mTlianobisSegneba gacilebiT ufro maRal donezeidga, vidre Semdgom, dRevandel dRemde.Sesabamisi teqsti aseTia: `...pirvelwodebuliandria, Zma Tavisa mociqul-TaYsa petresi, vidre Cvendamdeca moiwiada qadaga sacxorebeli qadageba saxarebisayovelsa qveyanasa saqarTveloYsasada uricxvni simravleni erTani gana-Sora sacdurisagan... umravlesman ermanqarTlisaman simravlesa Sina Jamisasa daiviwyaqadagebaY igi mociqulTaY da sac-Turisave mimarT kerpTaYsa miaqcia~. 481476iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani, t. VI, 1982, gv. 54; 477 e. gabiZaSvili, ruis-urbnisis saeklesiokreba, jvari vazisa, 1989, #1, gv. 58; 478 qse, 8, gv. 468; 479 `didi sjuliskanoni~, 1975, gv. 543;480k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTuli literaturis istoria, 1980, t. 1, gv. 571; 481 `didi sjuliskanoni~,1975, gv. 545.


158 mitropoliti anania jafariZeamitomac, RmerTma mogvivlina wmida nino,romelmac `sarwmunoebasa mimarT TKsisamiizida yoveli savsebaY yovlisa qarTvel-Ta naTesavisaY~. 482 mis qadagebaTa SemdgomqarTvelTa mefem mirianma konstantine didisnebiT mcxeTaSi Camoiyvana antioqielipatriarqi evstaTi: `wmidaTa mierxelTa misTa naTel-iRo man da yovelmanerman qarTlisaman~. 482 rogorc aRvniSneT,teqstSi xazgasmulia mTeli qarTvelierisa da mTeli saqarTvelos erTdrouligaqristianeba Savi zRvidan somxeTalbaneTamde.aRsaniSnavia, rom es wyaro`saqarTvelos~ uwodebs mTel qarTvel-Ta qveyanas, rogorc mociqulTa, ise wm.ninos dros. amJamad ki zogierTi mkvlevarikrZalavs sityva `saqarTvelos~ moxseniebasXI s-mde. maTi mtkicebiT, estermini TiTqosda mxolod XI s-Si gaCndada amitomac mxolod mis Semdeg undaiqnes gamoyenebuli istoriuli faqtebisgadmocemisas. rogorc aRiniSna, ruis-urbnisisZegliswera mociqulTa da wm. ninosdroindel qarTvelTa qveyanas rogorcdasavleT, ise aRmosavleT nawilebs`saqarTvelos~ uwodebs. amitomac CvenTvisswored Zeglisweris midgoma unda iyosarsebiTi da ara aRniSnuli mkvlevarebisa,amitomac `saqarTvelo~ unda vuwodoTqarTvelTa qveyanas XI s-mdec.aRsaniSnavia meore terminologiurimidgomac. amJamad miCneulia, rom qarTulieklesiis meTaurs `kaTolikosi~ ewodebaV s-is Semdeg da am sityvasTan akav-Sireben qarTuli eklesiis avtokefaliismopovebas, magram ruis-urbnisis krebisZegliswera `kaTalikoss~ uwodebsqarTuli eklesiis pirvelive meTaurs IVs-Si. antioqielma evstaTim pirveliqarTuli eklesiis aSenebis Semdeg, `xeldasxmul-yomas Sina maTTvis episkoposi-kaTolikosi~.483 aseve efrem mcirec`kaTalikoss~ uwodebs qarTuli eklesiispirvel meTaurs IV s-Si. marTlac,IV s-Si qristianobis saxelmwifoebriviaRiareba da mTeli qveynis momcveliqarTuli eklesiis organizeba, misi mkacriierarqiuli struqturidan gamomdinare,swored imas gulisxmobda, rom mefisqalaqSi mjdomi episkoposi iqca qveynissayovelTao ierarqad, sayovelTao episkoposad,romelsac unda daqvemdebarebodnenqveynis provinciaTa episkoposebi.`kaTalikosi~ swored sayovelTao episkoposserqva berZnulad, amitomac Tukiqristianoba namdvilad saerTo-saxalxosarwmunoebad iqca IV s-Si da imave drosorganizebul iqna qarTuli eklesia, mispirvel mRvdelmTavars sayovelTao sasulieroZalaufleba unda gaevrcelebinakidec mTel qveyanaze. qarTuli eklesiismeTauris dadgenis cnobis mowodebisSemdeg, `Zegliswera~ exeba msofliokrebaTa kanonebs, gadmoscems maT daagreTve eklesiis wmida mamaTa miergamocemul kanonebsac. kerZod, ruis-urbnisiskreba aRiarebs Svidi msoflio krebis,adgilobrivi krebebisa da mamaTamier mocemul kanonebs, `es aris wmidada saeklesio kanonTa krebuli, dabeWdilida Senaxuli yovelgvari Sematebisada moklebis gareSe. amaTi codna, miyolada mtkiced pyroba marTebs yvelaqristianul madideblobis winamZRvarmRvdelmTavars, mRvdlebsa da diakvnebs,Cven Soris moZRvrad saxeldebul monazvnebsda mTlianad da sruliad mar-TlmadidebelT eklesias~. 484amis Semdeg `Zegliswera~ gadmoscemsmacxovris qveynad mosvlis mizezebsa da482`didi sjuliskanoni~, 1975, gv. 546; 483 iqve, gv. 546; 484 `didi sjuliskanoni, saqarTveloseklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 466.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli159mniSvnelobas, Tu rogor `mogveca pirveladbunebiTi da merme dawerili rjuli~.aRwers, Tu ra didi mniSvnelobaaqvs `qristesmoyvare eris sasulierodasTan erTxmobas~, rom `amisTvis iqnaqristesmoyvare da RvTivdaculi mefeebismier RvTismoyvare episkoposebis daRvTis saTnomyofeli mamebis krebebismowveva drodadro, rom saqmiT srulyofilisarwmunoebiT RmerTTan SeaerTonqristianebi~, 385 rom maTi magaliTisamebrdaviT aRmaSenebelma gadawyvita moewviasaeklesio kreba. iqve kidev erTxel xazgasmiTaRiniSna, rom kreba sarwmunoebrivisakiTxebis ganxilvas ar eZRvneboda,radganac qarTvelTa sarwmunoebaubiwo iyo warsulSi da arc arasodesraime biwi ar Sexebia. maSasadame, krebaSedga saeklesio tradiciis Sesabamisad,rogorc warsulSi RvTismoyvare mefeebiiwvevdnen krebebs.`amitom Seikriba RvTismoyvare episkoposTa,patiosan mRvdelTa, Rirs diakvanTa,qristesmoyvare monazonTa, dayudebulTada meudabnoeTa kreba qarTlismidamoebSi, or axlos mdebare saepiskoposoSiruissa da urbnisSi. qarTvelTaubiwo sarwmunoebas raime biwi ar Sexebia,es RmerTma nu qnas! ar gecruvnebiTSen, Cveni siwmidiT mSobelo wmida ka-Tolike eklesiav, arca gagcemT Sen Cvenosiamayev – marTlmadideblobav, romlisaTvisacarasodes gviRalatia, rac misiSecnobis Rirsni gavxdiT, da risi mowmecWeSmaritebaa. es Sekreba moxda sxva,saeklesio, samRvdelo da saqristianosakiTxebis ZiebisaTvis~. 485`ara gecruvnebiT Sen, siwmidiT mSobeloCveno kaTolike eklesiao, arcagangceT Sen, siqadulo Cveno marTlmadideblobao~.486 krebas Tavmjdomareobda`yovlisa saqarTveloYsa didi mamamTavari(e.i. patriarqi) yovlad Rirsi mTavarepiskoposi-kaTalikosi~ioane, e.i. ioaneiyo patriarqi (mamamTavari), kaTalikosida mTavarepiskoposi.krebam Tavis mier gamocemuli kanonebis1-li muxliT gankveTa uRirsi episkoposebi,romlebic `Rirseulad veratarebdnen mRvdelmTavris pativs~. isinikrebas arc wyevliT `Seukravs~ daarc SeuCvenebia, aramed misca eriskacebTanerTad ziarebis neba. isini undayofiliyvnen mefis mowinaaRmdege episkoposebi.maT nacvlad SeirCnen sxvebi _`asakiTac da saqmiTac sarwmunoni~.krebis kanonebis me-2 muxlic episkoposTaasaks Seexeba, rom araa saWiromaTi kurTxevis dros sulmokleoba daaCqareba. dadginda: episkoposi xeldasxmuliqnes 35 wlisa, mRvdeli 30wlisa, diakvani 25 wlisa, wignismkiTxveli8 wlisa (e. gabiZaSvilis mixedviTara 8, aramed 18 wlisa).me-3 muxliT aikrZala uwesoba, rocavinme erTsa da imave dRes iRebda xeldasxmaswignismkiTxvelad, ipodiakvnad,diakvnad da episkoposadac. Tu raime saWiromizezi ar aris asaCqareblad, kandidatebma`weli da wlebi unda dayon TiToeulxarisxSi, ufro metad diakvnobaSi~.*me-4 muxliT eklesiebSi gamosayenebladdakanonda giorgi mTawmidelis mierTargmnili `didi kurTxevani~.me-5 muxliT aikrZala meqrTameoba xeldasxmisas(simonia). damnaSave ganikveTeboda.SeniSvna: muxlebs vixilavT e. gabiZaSvilis dayofis mixedviT485`didi sjuliskanoni, saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 467; 486 `didi sjuliskanoni~,1975, gv. 549.


160 mitropoliti anania jafariZeme-6 muxliT aikrZala nivTebis, siwmideTaWurWlis, eklesiis qonebisa daoqro-vercxlis moxmareba raime saqmisaTvis,`tyveTa gamosaxsneladac ki~.me-7 muxliT aikrZala eklesiis gareTnaTliscema, qorwineba, monazvnadaRkveca da sxv.me-8 muxliT gvirgvinis pirvelad dameored kurTxevis Jams nefe-dedoflisziarebis neba gaica.me-9 muxliT ganisazRvra, rom meoredgvirgvinis kurTxevis Semdeg mRvdeliar unda misuliyo qorwilis sufraze.meored jvriswera nebadarTuliiyo, magram eklesiisaTvis ar iyo saTno.me-10 muxliT dadginda akrZalva CvilibavSvebis jvriswerisa, magram maT mSoblebsneba miecaT Cvili qal-vaJis daniSvnisa.srulwlovanebis miRebis Semdeg ki nebaeZleodaT jvriswerisa, am dros qali arunda yofiliyo 12 welze umcrosi.me-11 muxli exeboda qorepiskoposebs.isini sjulis da wignis mcodneni dauangaroni unda yofiliyvnen.me-12 muxliT Semcirda monastrebSie.w. `moZRvrebis~ ricxvi (eseni iyvnen`rjulis mcodneni~, `merCuleni~), maTisimravle iyo `mravali SfoTisa da ganxeTqilebismizezi~ monasterSi mxoloderTi moZRvari (didSi ki SeiZleba oric)unda yofiliyo (iqamde erT monasterSi5-dan 30-mde iyvnen).me-13 muxliT aikrZala monastrebSivaWroba, e.i. eris savaWro Sekreba.me-14 muxliT dadginda: `erTsakurTxevelTan erTi da imave SesawiravisSewirviT mravali sulisaTvis mravalimRvdlis mier Jamiswirva wesi ar arisda ukugdebulia~. 487 dadginda, rom wirvadayenebuliyo ara erTi romelime pirisaTvis,aramed yvela qristianisaTvis.erTi kacisaTvis (cocxlis an micvalebulisaTvis)wirvis dayeneba SeiZlebodamxolod patara samkveTloSi anegvterSi (eklesiis StoSi).me-15 muxliT dadginda marTlmadideblobaSiSesuli yofili monofizitis(ZvelqarTuliT `xaCecaris~) monaTvla.me-16 muxliT aikrZala marTlmadideblebisqorwineba aramarTlmadideblebTan.me-17 muxlSi aRniSnulia, rom didkacobaSiSesula Cveva `kidis-kide~ jvriswerisa,roca jvrisweris dros siZe sxvaadgilas iyo, dedofali ki sxva sofelsaTu qalaqSi. maT jvars werdnen aseTisaxiT: siZesTan dgeboda dedoflis warmomadgenelimamakaci, qalTan ki siZis warmomadgenelimamakaci, romelTac jvarswerdnen. jvrisweris aseTi saxe, ivane javaxiSvilisTanaxmad, im droisaTvis miRebuliyofila dasavleT evropaSi. qarTulmaeklesiam igi akrZala gankanonebiT.me-18 muxlSi naTqvamia, rom sodomelTacodvam daamxo sparsTa, midielTa, somex-Ta da sxva samefoebi. `ar viciT rogorSemoaRwia am ukeTurebam qristes moRvawedsaxeldebul erSi~, e.i. saqarTvelo-Si. muxlSi aRiniSna, rom am codvis mqnelni`ar daimkvidreben kurTxevas~.me-19 muxli mimarTulia xatebisTayvaniscemis uarmyofelTa winaaRmdeg:`cxadia, RvTis xatis TayvanismcemeliRmerTs scems Tayvans misi saSualebiTda RvTis xatis maginebeli RmerTs aginebsueWvelad, rogorc wers amas wmidaTaSoris didi basili~. 488 xatmebrZoligankveTiT daisjeboda.krebis mdivani yofila `mefe daviTismonazoni arseni~, romelmac, Cans, krebisoqmi miarTva mefes Sesabamisi miZRvniT,487`didi sjuliskanoni~, saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 471; 488 iqve, gv. 474.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli161rac Tan axlavs `Zeglisweras~. krebammravalJamieri sicocxle usurva mefe-dedoflebsada eklesiis meTaurebs, saukunoxseneba usurva Rirs saeklesio moRvaweebs.ruis-urbnisis kreba gvaZlevs msoflioda adgilobriv krebaTa Semdeg CamonaTvals:I. `mefeman kostantine Sekriba pirvelida msoflioY wmidaY krebaY nikeas samasaT rva metTa wmidaTa mamaTani, romel-Ta dasxnes kanonni ricxKT ocni~. 489II. `meore wmidaY da msoflio krebaYkostantinopolis asergasisTa wmidaTamamaTaY, romelTa kanonni arianricxKT Svid~. 489III. `mesame efesoYsa wmidaY da msoflioYkreba mcirisa Tevdosis mefisa mier Sekrebuli,romelman dasxna kanonni rvani~. 489IV. `meoTxe xalkidons eqvsas ocdaaT-Ta wmidaTa mamaTaY msoflioY krebaY ke-Tilad msaxurisa markiane mefisa mierSemokrebuli da ganmawesebeli kanonTaricxKT ocdarvaTaY~. 489V. `mexuTeman wmidaman da msofliomankostantinopolis Sekrebulman krebamanmcired izruna saeklesioTa kanonTa ganwesebisaTKs~.489VI. `meequseman wmidaman da msofliomankrebaman iustinianes ze keTilad msaxurisamefisa gumbadsa Sina sameufoYsapalatisasa Sekrebulman aRavso daklebulimisi... dasxna kanonni ricxKT as daorni, kualad nikiisa meoreman wmidamankrebaman dasxna kanonni aT rva metni~. 489VII. `wmidasa da meSvidesa wmidaTa xat-TaTvis Sekrebulsa msofliosa krebasaganuwesebian kanonni ricxKT samni oden. 490ruis-urbnisis kreba aRniSnulTa gardaCamoTvlis Semdeg `adgilobiT~krebebs I msoflio krebamde: _ `pirveliankKrias, romelsa daesxnes kanonniocdaoTxni~; 489 `meore neokesarias, damsxmelikanonTa aToTxmetTaY. 489I msoflio krebis Semdeg `adgilobi-Ti krebani~: _ `RangrisaY, romlisa kanonniarian oc~; 489 `antioqiisaY, damsxmelikanonTa ocdaxuTTa~; 489 `laodikiisaY,frigvisaY da kanonni misni ocdaerTni~. 489IV msoflio krebis Semdeg `adgilobiTikreba~: _ `karTagenisaY da kanonnimisni asocdaaTrvametni~. 489`gumbadis~ (trulis) krebis Semdeg:_ `arian sxuanica orni masve sameufosaqalaqsa eklesiasa Sina wmidaTa da yovladqebulTa mociqulTasa Sekrebulnikrebani, romelTa ganuCenian kanonniricxKT aTSvidmetni~. 491msoflio krebaTa kanonebis Semdegruis-urbnisis kreba CamoTvlis `mamaTamier ganwesebul~ kanonebs:1. `dionKsios aleqsandriel mTavarepiskoposisakanonni oTxni~; 4912. `petre aleqsandrielTa mRvdelTmTavrisada mowamisa kanonni aTxuT metni~;3. `grigoli episkoposisa neokesarielisasakvirvelTmoqmedisa epistolekanoniani~;4. `didisa basilis kanonnioTxmeocdaxuTni~, misive `kanoniani epistoleebi~:diodores, grigol xucis,`xorepiskoposTa~, `mis queSeTa episkoposTa~,`amfiloqes mimarT~;5. `grigoli noselisa kanonni rvani~;6. timoTe aleqsandrielisa kanonniaTxuTmetni;7.filoTeos aleqsandrielis sityva,10 kanoni, 3 epistole;8. kirile aleqsandrieli mTavarepiskoposis7 kanoni;9. wm. genadi konstantinopoleli patriarqisepistole. 491489`didi sjuliskanoni~, 1975, gv. 546; 490 iqve, gv. 547; 491 iqve, gv. 547.


162 mitropoliti anania jafariZe`Zegliswera~ _ ruis-urbnisis krebis kanonebi[ZeglisweraQ ruis-urbnisis krebisaQ][1103 w.]ZeglisweraQ wmidisa da RmrTiv Sekrebulisa krebisaQ, romeli SemokrbabrZanebiTa keTilad msaxurisa da RmrTiv-dacvulisa mefisa CuenisadaviT afxazTa da qarTvelTa, ranTa da kaxTa mefisasa,pirTaTDs romelni quemo moHsenebul arian.[sruli teqsti]yovlisave xilulisa da uxilavisa soflisa da yovelTave sacnaurTa da grZnobadTabunebaTa araarsisagan arsebad momyvanebelman RmerTman uxilavTa maT dazesTa soflisaTa ZalTa bunebaQ ukudavebiTa da uxrwnelebiTa Seamko; xolo quenaQsaamis soflisaganni yovelni qmnisa da xrwnilebisa Soris ganawesna.amissa Semdgomad moigona axali raQme da ucxoQ dabadebuli, romelsa TDT misTavadisaca dambadebelisa, da sityDerisa da pirutyDsa da yovlisave agebulisabunebisa ziarebaQ Tavsa Soris TDssa moaqundes. da mis mier, viTarca sazogadoQsasakrvelisa mier, SeerTebad RmrTisa Semokrbebodin yovelni dabadebulni; da TanadxuTnive saxeni yovelTa arsTa ganyofilebisani daiHsnebodin; romeli viTarcameore raQme sofeli mcire didsa Sina, anu didi mciresa Sina, daadgina queyanasazeda, RmrTiv Suenieri igi da didebuli samoTxe daasxa aRmosavalsa edemisasa.garna vinaQTgan man nivTad TDTmflobelisa micemuli misda sjuli winaukumodsaRmrToQsa nebisa iHumia, da SuriTa eSmakisaQTa da ganmcdelobiTa dedakacisaQTacdomili Zelisa misgan cxorebisa da samoTxisa da RmrTisa siborotisaTDs eqsoriaiqmna da sikudiliTa da xrwnilebiTa dasjili, bevreulTa vnebaTa da ZDrTamier uflebul iqmna.rameTu pirvelad sisxlTa mier ZmisaTa mewamul myofelman HelTaman kainkualad meorisa RmrTisa mierisa wyevisa Tanamdeb yo queyanaQ.merme siboroteman gmirTaman SenanebaQ arwmuna dambadebelsa ucxoQsa miscxovelisa kacisa esoden sakvirvelebiT dabadebisaQ; da wyliTa rRunisaQTa aR-HocaQ yovlisa aRmdgomisaQ pirisagan miwisa.amissa Semdgomad, silaRiTman Helyofaman godlis maSenebelTaman, SerevniTaenaTaQTa da mimodayofiTa naTesavTaQTa, meoTxed dasaja naTesavi kacTaQ.xolo gamoCinebaman kerpTa siborgilisaman da nacvalad dambadebelisa msaxurebamandabadebulisaman sruliad ganaSora da ucxo yo kaci Semoqmedisa RmrTisagan.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli163merme RaRadebaman sodomelTa sibilwiT slvisaman wunwubasa Tana aRreuliTacecxliTa mowuvad aiZula soflebi xuTqalaqisaQ.kualad gulficxelobasa faraoQsasa da usaxurebasa megDptelTasa ucxoTamZlavrebaTaTDs ucxoQ miego misagebeli, da guamTa maTTa _ ucxod dammarxvelisaflavebi.amissa Semdgomad didi mose, Sjuli, mRdelobaQ, msxuerplni, salxinebelniTiTo saxeni, msajulni, mefobaQ, winaQswarmetyuelebaQ, yofadTa winaQswari cnobaQ,saxis SecvalebiTni RmrTis gamocxadebani.mermeca kualad kerpTmsaxurebaQ, TDT mis moses mier egDptiT gamoyvanebulisada sjuldebulisa, da esodenTa pativTa Rirs-qmnulisa, da pirmSod Zed aRsarebulisaerisaQ.amissa Semdgomad kualad mZlavrebaQ, kualad tyueobaQ mravalgzis mravalTa naTesavTa,da ukuanaQsknel babilovnelTa mieri, romelTa mefisa RmrTis wina-aRmdgomsamogonebasa saqmiT amxiles samTa maT WabukTa israitelTa, raJams sakrvelTa rkinisaTaganmlevelman saHumilman Seuxeblad daicvna maTni advilad gansalevnelni Tmanida Sesamoselni, mermeca kualad qalaqi da taZari, kualad sjuli da mRdelobaQ.da raodenni raQ iyvnes sjulisani, da sakDrvelisa mis sjulierisa msaxurebisani,garna verca erTi raQ pirvel TqumulTa amaTgani SemZlebel iqmna kurnebadbunebisa, ginaTu mtanjvelobiTa da saSinelebaTa, anu qvelis-moqmedebiTTa sitkboebaTagani,romelTa Tana sjulnica uqm iyvnes, bunebiTsa vityD da dawerilsa,da uZlieresi saHmar iyo wamali salmobaTaTDs uborotesTa.amisTDs, TDT guamovani igi sibrZne da Zali da Tana-arsi RmrTisa mamisasityuaQ, romeli dasabamad iyo, da RmrTisa Tana iyo, da maradis iyo, movidaxatisa TDsisa da uxrwnelTa maTgan da yovlad ubiwoTa sisxlTa WeSmaritebiT, dasakuTrad RmrTis-mSobelisa maradis qalwulisaTa Horcni Seimosna HorcTaTDs, dasulsa goniersa da sityDersa Seezava, sulisaTDs Cemisa msgavsiTa msgavssa ganwmedad,rameTu miuRebeli ukurnebelca ars. da TDsisa qmnulisa wil TDT miiTuala brZolaQ.da esreT, yovelive HorcTa mieri gangebulebaQ, juarisa Tana vnebaTa, saflavsada RmrTiv-Sueniersa aRdgomasa, srul yo raQ, queyanasa zeda didebiT aRmavalmanzecad, waravlinna aTormetni mowafeni TDsni, romelTaca mociquladuwoda, raQTa RmrTis mecnierebisa naTliTa, yovliT kerZo soflisaQT ganHadonbneli uRmrToebisaQ, da, saxelisa mimarT wmidisa samebisa naTlis-cemiTa, aswaonTayuaniscemaQ Tana-arsisa erT RmrTeebisaQ, da, damarxviTa sacxorebelTamcnebaTaQTa, kualad agnen kacni pirvelsave netarebiTsa didebasa.eseni, viTarca Saravandedni mzisa mis simarTlisani, ganefinnes raQ kideTaqueyanisaTa, yoveli nivTi kerpborgneulisa uRmrToebisaQ maxDliTa sulisaQTamoWres da cecxliTa sarwmuneobisaQTa mowues; da erquniTa juarisaQTa moiornatnesgulni SemwynarebelTa kacTani.


164 mitropoliti anania jafariZeda dasTeses maT Soris Tesli keTilad msaxurisa sarwmunoebisaQ da mxoloQsada WeSmaritisa RmrTisa msaxurebiTi TayuaniscemaQ; mravalTa da sicruviT mopovnebulTaRmerTTa wil RmrTiv-SuenierebiT aswaves; da sakerpoTa maT wiltaZarTa da bomonTa, simravleni eklesiaTa da sakurTxevelTani aRumarTnesRmerTsa, yovliT kerZo queyanisaQT.da siZulili soflisaQ da mterobaQ HorcTaQ rwmunebiT aswaves maT, romel-Ta-igi RmrTad Seeracxa sofeli da HorcielTa gemoTa mZlavrebisada monad miecnesTavni; da gancofebuli igi sibrZne ellenebrisa siCqurisa vieTisaQme, simartiviTaRmrTiv-swavlulisa maTda sibrZnisaQTa, romlisaTDs igi pavles hbasrobdesaTinelni, yovlad sibrZniT mxilebulyves, da arca erTisa sityDsa, RirsadgamoaCinnes maTni igi zRaparT-mwerlobiTni Helovnebani.da didisa klimintosis mier dasxnes kanonni saeklesioni, ricxDT oTxmeocdaxuTni.romelTagani erTi, pirvel-wodebuli andria, ZmaQ Tavisa mociqulTaQsa petresi,vidre Cuendamdeca moiwia da qadaga sacxorebeli qadagebaQ saxarebisaQyovelsa queyanasa saqarTveloQsasa; da uricxuni simravleni erTani ganaSornasacTurisagan mrCobl eSmakeulebisa; da erTisa RmrTisa da qristes misisa TanaarsiTmaTiT suliTurT rwmunebiT TayuaniscemaQ aswava; daRaTu umravlesman ermanqarTlisaman simravlesa Sina Jamisasa daiviwya qadagebaQ igi mociqulisaQ. dasacTurisave mimarT kerpTaQsa miaqcia.amaTisa qadagebisa nayofad aRmoecennes yovliT kerZo yovlisa soflisaQTsimravleni Ruawlisa damdebelisa qristes sikudilsa mimsgavsebulTa wmidaTamowameTani; vinaQTgan samasni, mciredTa sxuaTa Tana, vidre mefed qadagebadmdedidisa kostantinessa Soris gardaHdes weliwadni, romeli-igi pirvelad qristianeiqmna mefeTa Soris da TDT mociqul da qadag sacxorebelisa qadagebisa, danaTelsa Tavisuflebisasa mimfenel qristeaneTa RmrTiv-Suenerisa moqalaqobisa.amisTave ukue JamTa sruliad momxedna Cuenca aRmosavalman maRliT da dedakacisavisme mier tyueqmnulisa, romelsa-igi nunnad kappadukielad aqa sadme povnilnicaqadageben wignni saeklesioTa moTxrobaTani; sarwmunoebisa mimarT TDsisamiizida yoveli savsebaQ yovlisa qarTvelTa naTesavisaQ, sakDrvelT-moqmedebiTaniSebSemosilTa saswaulTaQTa; raJams igi qarTvelTa mefeman mirian, mefeTa Sorisdidisa kostantinessa mivlinebiTa da misgan gamoTxoQTa mefobisa TDsisa, qalaqadmcxeTad STamoiyvana evstaTi didi _ saydris mpyrobeli antioqelTa eklesiisaQ.da wmidaTa mier HelTa misTa naTel-iRo man da yovelman erman qarTlisaman,da TDT patriaqTa Soris saxelganTqmulman evstaTi HeliTa TDsiTa STadva safuZvelimaSin sadme mcxeTas aRSenebulisa eklesisaQ, romelica friadisa Tana gulsmodginebisaganasrules raQ maT ganwmedaQ igi, da HelTdasxmul yo mas Sina maTTDsepiskoposi-kaTolikosi.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli165aman saukunod Hsenebulman mefeman kostantine Sekriba pirveli da msoflioQwmidaQ krebaQ nikeas samas aTrvametTa wmidaTa mamaTaQ, romelTa dasxnes kanonniricxDT ocni; romlisa pirvelad qmnil iyvnes sxuanica adgilobiTni krebani:pirveli ankDrias, romelsa daesxnes kanonni ocdaoTxni; meore neokesarias, damsxmelikanonTa aToTxmetTaQ.xolo Semdgomad didisa mis da msoflioQsa krebisa sxuanica iqmnnes adgilobiTnikrebani, viTar-igi RangrisaQ, romlisa kanonni arian oc; da kualad antioqiisaQ,damsxmeli kanonTa ocdaxuTTa; amaTTana laodokiisaQ, frigDisaQ, dakanonni misni _ ocdaerTni.amaTsa Semdgom meore wmidaQ da msoflioQ krebaQ _ kostantinopolis, asergasisTawmidaTa mamaTaQ, romelTa kanonni arian ricxDT SDd.merme mesame _ efesoQsa wmidaQ da msoflioQ krebaQ, mcirisa Tevdosis mefisamier Sekrebuli, romelman dasxna kanonni rvani.meoTxe _ xalkidons, equsas ocdaaTTa wmidaTa mamaTa msoflioQ krebaQ,keTilad msaxurisa markiane mefisa mier Semokrebuli da ganmawesebeli kanonTaricxDT ocdarvaTaQ.merme _ adgilobiTi krebaQ karTagenisaQ, da kanonni misni as ocdaaTvrametni.xolo mexuTeman wmidaman da msoflioman kostantinopolis Sekrebulman krebamanmcired izruna saeklesioTa kanonTa ganwesebisaTDs.aramed meequseman wmidaman da msoflioman krebaman, iustinianesze, keTiladmsaxurisa mefisa, gumbadsa Sina sameufoQsa palatisasa Sekrebulman, aRavso daklebulimisi, rameTu dasxna kanonni ricxDT as da orni.kualad nikiisa meoreman wmidaman krebaman dasxna kanonni aTrvametni.amissa Semdgomad arian sxuanica orni masve sameufosa qalaqsa eklesiasa SinawmidaTa da yovlad qebulTa mociqulTasa Sekrebulni krebani, romelTa ganuCeniankanonni, ricxDT aTSDdmetni.xolo wmidasa da meSDdesa wmidaTa xatTaTDis Sekrebulsa msofliosa krebasaganuwesebian kanonni, ricxDT samni oden.amaTa wmidaTa krebaTa mier ganCinebulTa kanonTa Tana arian sxuanica Ti-ToeulTa mamaTa mier ganwesebulni da Tana aRracxulni kanonni:dDonDsios aleqsandriel mTavar-episkoposisa kanonni oTxni;petre aleqsandrielTa mRdelT-mTavrisa da mowamisa kanonni aTxuTmetni;grigoli episkoposisa neokesarielisa sakDrvelT-moqmedisa epistole kanoniani;didisa basilis kanonni oTxmeocdaxuTni;misive epistole kanoniani, diodores mimarT;misive epistole kanoniani, grigolis mimarT xucisa;misive epistole kanoniani, xorepiskoposTa mimarT;


166 mitropoliti anania jafariZemisive epistole kanoniani mis queSeTa episkoposTa mimarT;misive, amfiloqes mimarT sulisa wmidisaTDs miwerilTa maT TavTagan;grigoli noselisa kanonni rvani;timoTe aleqsandrielisa kanonni aTxuTmetni;filoTeos aleqsandrielisa kanonni, RmrTis gamocxadebisaTDs Tqumulisagan;misnive sxuani kanonni aTni;misive epistole, afigionis mimarT episkoposisa;misive epistole, agaTonis mimarT episkoposisa;misive epistole minaQs mimarT episkoposisa;kDrile aleqsandrielTa mTavar-episkoposisa kanonni SDdni, gennadi wmidisapatriarqisa kostantinepolelisa da misTana wmidisa krebisa epistole, mitropolitTamimarT garemoTa samTavroTaQsa.ese arian Sekrebani wmidaTa da saeklesioTa kanonTani, dabeWdulni da damarxulni,TDnier yovlisa Sematebisa da moklebisa, da amaTi mecnierebaQ daSedgomaQ da mtkiced pyrobaQ uHms yovelTa winamZRuarTa qristeanobiTisa madideblobisaTa:mRdelT-mTavarTa, da mRvdelTa, da diakonTa, da Cuen SorismoZRurad saxeldebulTa maTca monazonTa, da erTbamad yovelsa savsebasa mar-TlmadidebelTa eklesiisasa.xolo Cuen ese amisTDs moviHseneniT, raTa pirveliTgan piri sityDsaCuenisaQ ganvhmartoT.vinaQTgan dahbada RmerTman dasabamsa xatebad da msgavsebad TDssa kaci, vi-Tarca pirvel vityodeT, raTa mis mier, viTarca sazogadoQsa sakrvelisa mier,xilulTa da uxilavTaQsa, Tavsa TDssa SeaerTnes yovelni sacnaurni da grZnobadnidabadebulni saTnoebiT raQ, sakuTar eqmnas igi Semoqmedsa TDssa.xolo igi egeviTarisa mis madlTa simdidrisgan ganSiSulda cTomisa mis mierda gandgomilTa da risxveulTa monaTa monebaQ moatyua Tavsa, aramed ara saxiermancadambadebelman misman, rameTu viTarmca Tavs-idva ugulebelsyofaQ esodenisaHelTa misTa saqmisaQ, romel ars kaci.aramed uHrwnelsa Sina saSosa yovlad wmidisa RmrTis mSobelisa da maradisqalwulisasa arRara pirvelisaebr iWDsa madliT, aramed guamovnebiT SeaerTa igiTavsa TDssa da zesTa bunebisa ganaRmrTo mis mier miRebuli igi da misTanaerTguamqmnili kaci.da romeli-igi iyo pirmSoQ yovlisa agebulisaQ, Tavs idva pirmSo mravalTaZmaTa Soris yofaQ, raQTa saxelisa misisa mimarT wodebulni da madliT Zmad missaaRsaarebulni, romeli-igi yrmaTaca eziara HorciTa da sisxliTa da guamaderTisa mis yovelTa Tavisa gamoCinebulni, mun aRmiyvannes kualad ganHorcielebi-Ta TDsiTa, sada igi TDT ars Tavi sasoebisa CuenisaQ; da Tana-moqalaqe myvneswmidaTa da saxleul RmrTisa, da samkDdrebelad missa gamomaCinnes suliTa, raJams


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli167Tavisa mimarT Semokrbes TiToeulebaQ asoTa ganyofilebisaQ da Tbisa mimarTgardainivTos viTarebaQ yovlisa aRsuarulisaQ.vinaQca amisTDs moguecnes pirvelad bunebiTi da merme dawerili sjuli; amisTDsiqmna gankacebaQ RmrTisaQ; amisTDs qalwulisagan SobaQ, bagaQ, wargragnaQ, angeloznimadidebelni, varskulavisa srbaQ, moguTa ZRunis-momrTumelobaQ, winadacueTaQ,naTlis-RebaQ, zeciT wamebaQ, gancdaQ, qolvaQ CuenTDs da vnebani uvnebelisani,gancemaQ, SemsWvalvaQ, daflvaQ, aRdgomaQ, aRslvaQ zecad; amisTDs _qadagebani mociqulTani, sisxlni mowameTani, swavlani moZRuarTani, oflni RirsTamamaTani, guls-modginebani keTilad msaxurTa da morwmuneTa mefeTani, wadierebaniRmrTis-moyuareTa mTavarTani, kadnierebani RmrTis-saxisa mRdelT-mTavrobisarwmunebulTani, winambrZolisa TDsisa Tana simHniT Tana-mbrZolebani mRdelTa dasamRdeloTani, codvisa mimarT simHniT winaganwyobani, nivTagan ganSiSulebulisamonazonTa dasisani da maTTana erTHmobani qristes moyuarisa erisani.amisTDs iqmnnes qristes-moyuareTa da RmrTiv-dacvulTa mefeTa mier Jamad-Jamadnikrebani, RmrTis-moyuareTa episkoposTa da RmrTisa saTno-yofilTa mamaTani,raQTa saqmeTa mier gansrulebuliTa sarwmunoebiTa SeaerTnes RmerTsa qristeaneni.romelTasa keTilad ebaZva Sursa Cuenica ese gDrgDnosani, mrCobl-marjuene daSeyuarebuli, gDrgDni TavisaQ da sasurveli Ze daviT; romeli-ese erTbamad mHnecaars da brZen, marTal da wmida, igive myudroca da mSDd, saxier da tkbil, mowyaleda ZDruHsenebel da misgavsebul saxierebasa RmrTisasa, romeli aRmoubrwyinvebsmzesa keTilTa da borotTa, da zrdis yovelTa wDmiTa sworebiT.ese vinaQTgan gareSeTa brZolaTa Sina winadaudgromelobiT ubrZolel da gareSisasaxisa qmnulebiTa sxuaTa kacTagan Sesworebad SeuZlebel iyo, rameTu keTil didars viTarca gmiri, Suenier ars viTarca siZe, brwyinvale ars viTarca ciskari,nayofier ars keTilTa mier viTarca aRmosavali, yuavilovan warmatebaTa mierviTarca samoTxe RmrTisaQ, ara Tavs-idva, raQTa ara umetes moRuawe iqmnesganbrwyinvebad SinaganTaca sikeTeTa sulisaTa; vinaQTgan igini warmdinar, xoloeseni dausrulebelobasa Tana RmrTisasa-Tana dausrulebel arian.amisTDs Semokriba krebaQ RmrTis-moyuareTa episkoposTa, patiosanTa mRdel-Ta da RirsTa diakonTaQ, qristes-moyuareTa monazonTa, dayudebulTa da meudabnoeTaQ,sanaxebTa qarTlisaTa, maxlobelad orTa saepiskoposoTa ruisa da urbnisisa;garna ara Tu ubiwoebasa qarTvelTa sarwmunoebisasa biwi raQme Sehxeboda,nu iyofin ese, ara gecruvneT Sen, siwmidiT mSobelo Cueno kaTolike eklesiao,arca gangceT Sen, siqadulo Cueno marTlmadideblobao, romlisa arca ganmcemelqmnil varT, vinaQTgan Semecnebasa Sensa Rirs qmnul varT, mowame ars WeSmaritebaQ;aramed sxuaTa saeklesioTa da samRdeloTa, da saqristianoTa ZiebaTaTDs, romel-Ta Tav, da winamZRuar, da pirwmidisa mis krebisa iyo, RmrTisa mimarTisa sakuTrebisa-Tana simSDdiTaca sulisaTa mimsgavsebuli mosesi, da msgavsad didisa samoelisa


168 mitropoliti anania jafariZewinamlocveli erisaQ da mcxebeli madliT srulyofadTaQ iovane _ yovlad RirsimTavarepiskoposi, kaTolikosi da yovlisa saqarTveloQsa didi mamaT-mTavari,da mis Tana simravle pirvel HsenebulTa maT savsebisaQ.[kanonTa teqsti] [1]. da pirvelad episkoposni vinme ver-RirsebiT Semosrulnipativsa mRdelT-mTavrobisasa da uRirsni qristes, pirvelisa mis mwyemsTmTavrisani,ganvkueTeniT da ucxo-vyveniT mRdelobisagan, vinaQTgan arawmidisaSexebaQ siwmideTaQ ara-ucTomeloba ars da maxlobeli RmrTisaQ, maxlobel cecxlisaars, da uHms, raQTa yovliTurT oqro iyos;xolo ara krul vyveniT da arca SevaCueneniT, nu iyofin, aramed litonTaeriskacTa-Tana ziarebad flobil vyveniT, ukueTu oden amieriTgan mmarxveliyvnen siwmidisa.da nacvlad maTda sxuani davadgineniT, romlisa hasakisaganca da saqmeTaganaqunda wamebaQ da keTilad ganewuarTnes Horcni damorCileblad sulisa.[2]. amas-Tana sul-moklebaQca HelT-dasxmaTaQ, viTarca uwesoQ da ukanonoQ,davhHseniT.da ganvaweseT, raQTa amieriTgan arRara-vin ikadros qmnad, TDnier viTar-igiganawesebs kanoni: rameTu episkoposi ocdaaTxuTmetisa wlisaQ, mRdeli ocdaaTisawlisaQ, diakoni ocdaxuTisa wlisaQ da wignis mkiTxveli rvisa wlisaQ HelTdasxmuliqmnebodin.[3] amas Tana sxuaQca uwesoQ wesi HelT-dasxmaTaQ daHsnad ganvaCineT: viTarmcamasve da erTsa dResa Helni daesxnes visme wignis-mkiTxvelad, kerZo-diakonad,diakonad da mRdelad, anu Tu episkoposadca. romeli-ese ukueTu iqmnas-Ra sadaamieriTgan, HelT-damsxmeli da HelT-dasxmuli erTbamad ganikueTnen mRdelobisagan,rameTu pirvelad wignis-mkiTxvelad da kerZo-diakonad oden jer-ars HelTdasxmaQ,da orisave amisa erTsa dResa SesaZlebel ars qmnaQ da merme diakonad; daviTarca dayvnes dReni diakonobasa Sina da hmsaxuros mRdelTa ara mciredTadReTa, mermeRa moiyvanon mRdelobad.xolo ukueTu episkoposobad momaval iyos, Semdgomad SDdTa dReTa Jamiswirvisamoiyvanon HelT-dasxmad episkoposobisa. da amas vityDT maTTDs, romelTasaWiroQ raQme mizezi aswrafebdes, xolo romelTa arca erTi-raQ aqundes saTanadoQmizezi maswrafobelad, maT weliwadi da weliwadni dayvnen TDToeulsa xarisxsaSina da ufroQs-Ra diakonobisasa, vinaQTgan TDnier diakonTa simravlisa, veraQmiiRebs Suenierebasa saeklesioTa wesTagani. amisTDs vamcnebT yovelTa episkopos-Ta, raQTa ufroQs-Ra diakonTa ganmravlebisaTDs moRuawe iyvnen eklesiaTa Sina maTTa.xolo monazonTa, romelni mRdelobad da episkoposobad momaval iyvnen,pirvelad sruliad monazunad didiTa sqemiTa ubrZanebT gansrulebasa, da egreTRamRdelobad moslvasa.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli169[4]. xolo wesi HelT-dasxmadTa srulebisaQ egreT aResruleboded, viTarcaaxalTa Sina kurTxevaTa netarebiT moHsenebulisa mamisa giorgi mTawmidelisaTadaweril ars. egreTve _ kurTxevaQ eklesiisaQ, da damyarebaQ sakurTxevelisaQ, dawmida-yofaQ RmerT-myofelisa mihronisaQ, egreT srul iqmneboded, viTarca mun-Sina moHsenebul ars.[5]. xolo qrTamisaTDs da safasisa, romelsa miiReben HelT-damsxmelni, Hel-TdasxmadTagan, zemoQTganisa wmidaTa mociqulTa da mamaTa mocemisaebr, ganCinebadvikadrebT Cuenca, raTa moispos egeviTari-igi eklesiisagan da aRiHocosmRdelobisagan, makurTxevelisa TDsisa Tana, romlisa qmnaQ amieriTgan nuRaramca-visukadrebies, raQTa ara-igica SevsZinoT, viTarmed SeiCuenos viTarca sDmonmogD petre mociqulisagan da numca miiReben raTurTiT nu-ra-ras, nu odes: nucapirvel HelT-dasxmisa, nuca TDT mas HelT-dasxmasa Sina, nuca Semdgomad HelTdasxmisa,nuca qrTamsa, nuca ZRuensa, nuca evlogiasa, nuca kaTolikosi episkoposTagan,gina xuces-diakonTa da xorebiskoposTa, nuca episkoposni diakonTaganda mRdelTa da xorepiskoposTa, nucaraT sxuaTa samRdeloQsa dasisaganTa anuromelTave saeklesioTa mneTagan.[6]. mermeca samRdeloTa WurWelTa da RmrTisada SewirulTa siwmideTaTDs,romel arian: barZim-feSxuem, samwerobelni da yovelive eklesiaTada Sewiruli daerTgzis RmrTisada micemuli, oqroQ, vecxli, Tuali, margaliti, WiqaQ, stavraQ,naqsovi, sini, rvali, rkinaQ, Zeli, keci, qvaQ, amas ganvawesebT SedgomiTa wmidaTakanonTaQTa, raQTa ara-vis Helewifos Hmarebad missa ara-rad, arca tyueTasaHsrad,daRaTu cudadca da uHmrad mdebare iyvnen da ferHiTa dasaTrgunvelad isxneneklesiasa Sina da saWurWlesa missa.xolo ukeTu vinme ikadros amaTganisa racsaca garegniT mis eklesiisa, daTDnier missa viTar-igi ganwesebul iyos, da viTar saxedca samsaxurad eklesiisa,anu sakurTxevelisa Seqmnil iyos, sxuad radca Hmarebad, moeloded aqa ukuebabilovnelTa mefisa baltasaris da ananiaQs da sapfiraQs sasjelsa; xolo muncecxlsasaukunesa, ganmzadebulsa eSmakTaTDs da angelosTa misTaTDs.[7]. amasTana eseca moviHseneT, viTarmed TDnier eklesiisa da sakurTxevelisaarca naTlis-cema SesaZlebel ars, arca gDrgDnTa kurTxevaQ, arca monazunisaepistoliTa gina sqemiTa kurTxevaQ, da arca monazonsa xucessa gDrgDnTa kurTxevadHel-ewifebis, arca erisgansa mRdelsa monazonisa kurTxevad.[8] xolo Semdgomad gDrgDnTa kurTxevisa pirvelTa da meoreTa col-qmarTawmidaTa saidumloTa ziarebaQ uHms mas dResa, romelsa ikurTxnen ueWuelad, ara TugardareuliTa raQTme bilwebiTa SebRalul iyvnen, daRaTu uziareblobiTaca gankanonebuliyvnen. da merme aRsruleba kanonisa uziareblobisa maTisasa.[9] xolo meoreTa gDrgDnTa makurTxeveli xucesi samxrobad nu mivals maTTana, nucamca meoreTa col-qmarTa pirvelni gDrgDnni ekurTxevian.


170 mitropoliti anania jafariZexolo sxuebr da ara esreT moqmedi amaTi xucesi ukue gankueTisa, xolo eriskaciuziareblobisa Tanamdeb iyos.[10] kualad amasca ganvasazRvrebT, raQTa amieriTgan arRara ekurTxeodingDrgDnni CCDlTa qal-ymaTa, aramed ukueTu saWirod radme iyos, mSobelTa maTTadiad dauwindnen igini urTierTas, da raJams hasakad moviden ornive, maSin iqorwinnen.da qali aTormetisa wlisasa umcroQsi numca Seyofil ars qorwinebiTmeuRlisada. xolo amis ganCinebisa damHsneli, Tanamdeb iyavn zemoHsenebulisamis ganCinebisa.[11] kaTolikosisa da episkoposTagan xorebiskoposi sjulisa da saRmrToTawignTa mecnieri gamoirCeoded mRdeli anu diakoni da SiSiTa RmrTisaQTa emcnebodedmas ubiwod dacvaQ yovelTave saqristeanoTa wesTaQ raQTa ara raQ maTganigansces qrTamisaTDs, arca raQ ganyidos vecxlad, viTarca iuda ufali; raQTa araSiSTvilica misi daimkDdros.[12] Semdgomad amaTsa amisica saTanadod vhgoneT moHsenebaQ, vinaQTgan moZRuradwodebulTa maT monazonTaQ friadi da aRuricxuveli ars simravle, da erTsamonastersa Sina xuTni da aTni, mravalgzis ocnica da ocdaaTni ipoebian, didi Tuiyos monasteri da mravlisa SfoTisa da ganxeTqilebisa mizezsa SemoiRebs simravlemaTi, amisaTDs ganvaCinebT, raQTa amieriTgan dascxres eseviTari ese uwesobaQ.da pirvelad amas ganvasaRzRvrebT, raQTa umRdelosa ara Hel-ewifebodisganmkiTxvelobad sulTa, ara Tu episkoposi iyos, anu mRdeli, anu diakoni, rameTupirvelad Sekrvisa da ganHsnisa Helmwifebasa uHms qonebad, da egreT-Ra gankiTxvisasulTaQsa Hel-yofad; amas Tana, raQTa didTa monasterTa Sina or-ori, xolomcireTa Sina TiToQ xolo kma iyos moZRuari.da ukueTu vinme amas ganCinebasa gardahxdes, ueWuelad esmes mas, viTarmed xoloHdomisaganTa maT da urCTa WeSmaritebisaTa da morCilTa sicruQsaTa risxvaQ daguliswyromaQ, Wiri da iwroebaQ da Semdgomi.[13] wesi igi, romelsa krebulTa dasxmad uwesen, nuRaramca kadrebul ars qmnadamieriTgan, nuca monasterTa Sina SeqmnaQ savaWroTa eris krebaTaQ, nucamca-raQsxuaQ samoqalaqoQ da soflioQ wesi qmnil ars monasterTa Sina odesca, raQTa arasalocvelTa maT adgilTa quab-avazakTa SeqmniTa, sulTaca TquenTa safardulebisaRmrToQsa sityDsa mier daiqces, viTarca mekermeTa maT tablebi, da wmidaTamamaTa da krebaTa mier gankanonebisa Tanamdeb iqmnneT.[14] xolo erTsa sakurTxevelsa da masve da erTsa winadagebasa zeda wmidisaSesawiravisasa mravalTa sulTaTDs mravalTa mRdelTa mier qmnaQ wmidisa JamiswirvisaQuweso ars da gangdebul, romeli-ese nuRaramca sada qmnil ars.ufroQsRa Tavad sakurTxevelsa zeda didisa eklesiisasa, saepiskoposoQsa ginamonastrisasa, erTisa aravisTDs wes-ars Jamis wirvad araodes, arca cocxlisa,


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli171arca micvalebulisaTDs, TDnier aRapTa da sulisa saHsenebelad ganCinebulTadReTaQsa, aramed mis eklesiisa maSenebelTa da SemomwirvelTa.da erTbamad yovelTa sulTa qristeaneTa cocxalTa da micvalebulTaTDsjer-ars Jamis-wirvaQ, xolo erTisa kacisaTDs, anu erTisa sulisaTDs eguterTasadme Sina, anu StoTa eklesiisaTa jer-ars TiToeulisa xucisagan Jamis-wirvaQ.[15] romelnica RmrTis mavnebelobiTisa mis wvalebisagan xaCecarTaQsa, romelarian somexni, marTalsa da uzakuvelsa sarwmunoebasa mouHdebodin, da wmidasakaTolike eklesiasa SeerTebodin, da biwsa mas wvalebasa erT-bunebianTa, da erTisanebisa da erTisa moqmedebisa RmrTeebisagan da kacebisa Sezavebulisa, da arcasaRmrToQsa, arca kacobrivisa, aramed Sereulisa raQsme da ucxoQsa, qristes,WeSmaritisa RmrTisa Cuenisa, zeda siCquriT metyuelTasa SeaCuenebden.esreT ganvawesebT maTTDs, raTa sruliad naTel-scemden, viTarca warmarTsa,vinaQTgan sxuaTaca didTa eklesiaTa vhpoebT moqmedad amissa, viTar igi arssapatriaqo saydari antioqiisaQ, da yovelni mimdgomni misni eklesiani yovlisaaRmosavalisani.[16] kualad ganvawesebT, raQTa arca marTlmadidebeli mamakaci mwvalebelsagina warmarTsa dedakacsa, anu dedakaci mamakacsa SeeuRlnen. vinaQTgan yovelimarTlmadidebeli taZari ars RmrTisaQ, damkDdrebulisa mis mier sulisa misisaCuen Soris; xolo yoveli borotad madidebeli, anu yovlad ara-madidebelitaZari ars eSmakisaQ; xolo viTarmed arca erTi ziarebaQ ars taZrisa RmrTisaQkerpTa Tana, viTar-igi bnelisaQ naTlisa Tana _ mowame ars saRmrToQ mociquli.xolo romelman amieriTgan ikadros-Ra qmnaQ amaTi, ganikanonos igi pirvelTqumuliTa miT kanoniTa.[17] vinaQTgan eseca uwesoebaQ mravalTa mier aRsrulebulad guesma, ufroQsRadidTa vieTme da warCinebulTa da ara litonad kacTagan qmnilad, romel arskides-kide da erTgan kurTxevaQ gDrgDnTaQ qorwinebiT erT-Horc qmnadTa meuRle-TaQ, viTar-igi hyofen usjuloebiT dedakacisasa ukue sxDsa visme ucxoQsa mamakacisaTana kurTxevasa; xolo mamakacisasa mamakacisave sxDsa Tana, romlisasaraQmca iyo sxuaQ uuwesoesi da usacinelesi; anu ara yovliTurT msgavs arsa,markionis mwvalebelTa mier mkudrisa-wil naTliscemasa cocxalisasa! rameTu eseerTgan kurTxeulni mamakaci da dedakaci nuukue Seiracxnen naxevar-memruSed colqmrad,vinaQTgan sxDsaQ iHsenebis saxeli, da sxuaQ warmodgomil ars mun; xoloorTa maT erTagan kurTxeulTa mamakacTaTDs raQ vin moigonos saxeli, garna Tuvinme vrceliTa siciliTa ganbasros eseviTari ese sjulisa, da keTilisa wesierebisaCuenisa, da kacobrivisa qcevisa, da Cueulebisa garegani usjuloebaQ.romlisaTDs amas ganvasazRvrebT: romelnica moaqamde esreT kurTxeulni yofilarian da gardasrul arian, igini Sendobil arian umecrebisaTDis; xolo ukueTu awsadme ipovnen vinme egeviTarni, igini sjulierad col-qmrad numca Seracxil arian.


172 mitropoliti anania jafariZeamieriTgan kula nuRaramca visganmca kadrebul ars qmnaQ amisi. da ukueTuiqmnas sada, oTxni igi kurTxeulni da orni makurTxevelni maTni xucesni, _equesnive ganikanonnen.[18] mermeca RmrTis-moZagebulisa mis da RmrTis-ganmamwarebelisa, codvaTaubilwesisasaZagelebisa sodomelTaQsa, romlisaQ ara uwyiT, Tu viTar SeeTDsaigi ubadruksa amas naTesavsa da sruliad ganaSorna da ucxo-yvna RmrTisagan,vieTTanaca poa Tavisa misadrekeli.amas ganvasazRvrebT sityDTa RmrTisaQTa da samociquloQTa HmiTa da mamobriviTaganCinebiTa: daRaTu mravalgzis qmnil arian mravalTa naTesavTa mier mravalnida ricxDsa mZleni codvani, viTar igi: mterobani, Surni, siZulilni, kacisklvani,mruSebani, cru-ficebani da ukuanaQskneli da Tavi yovelTa borotTaQ _ kerpTmsaxurebaQ,da Tayuaniscemisa SecvalebaQ dambadebelisagan dabadebulTa mimarT.garna, arca-erTisa maTganisaTDs aRZrul ars aRuZrveli igi, viTarca TDT ityodaabrahamis mimarT, viTarmed RaRadebaQ sodomisa da gomorisaQ moiwia Cemda dagardamovHed xilvad, ukueTu RaRadebisaebr maTisa arian saqmeni maTni; romlisaSemdgomad ixileT Tu raQ iqmnebis, da Tu viTar nivTni ese samsaxurod kacTaTDsdabadebulni RmrTisagan, winaukumo bunebisa TDsisa, Sescvaleben bunebiTsa ZalsaTDssa, da ucxoQsa codvisa aRsaHocelad ucxosa moipoeben moqmedebasa.rameTu maradis aRmarT moZravi da subuqi bunebaQ eTerisa cecxlisaQ, viTarcazrqeli raQme da mZime, daRmarT hyofs damodinebasa da, saxed mZafrisa wDmisa,saSinelebiT mCqefroQs aRreuli wunwubasa Tana, mrisxaned gansalevnelad ukeTur-Ta maT sibilweTa mravliTa kacTa.xolo wulili da Txeli uferuli bunebaQ haerisaQ, mizezi cxovelTa aRmofSDnvisaQda sicocxlisaQ, sizrqed almurisa HSirisa, da ferad HeliT saZiebelisa bnelisad,da SemaSTobelad kuamlad, saswaulad risxvisad, Sescvalebs Tavsa TDssa maT zeda.amaT Tana queyanaQ, myari da mtkice damtDrTveli simZimesa mas zeda mdebareTaguamTasa, verRara itDrTavs simedgresa bilwebaTa maTTasa, aramed pirvelad SesZravssafuZvelTa TDsTa da siRrmiT iatakTa TDsTaQT aRmomduRare, haerad aRmoixuamssiRrmeTa safuZvelisa maTisa simtkiceTasa; da miwad gardamoixuams simaRleTagodol-taZrebisa maTisa simagreTasa.merme ganaRebs vidre mun-Jamadmde ganuRebelsa pirsa da Tanad-qalaqebiTurTda saxlebiT STanTqams arRara kacebsa, aramed damwurebsa rasme Zualebsa, da odesmeyofilTa kacTa sawyalobelsa neStebsa.xolo wyali igica ucxod ixilvebis Secvalebulad maTTDs da arRara saSuebeladda saHmrad, aramed, sxuaTa nivTTagan daSTomilisa neStisa maTisa aRsaHoceladpirsa zeda maTeulisa queyanisa, ufroQsRa saflav maTda qmnilisa jojoxeTisa,ixilvebis modinebulad, egoden Secvalebuli sxuaTa wyalTagan bunebiTa,raoden igini sxuaTa kacTa hmatdes bilwebisa gardareulebiTa.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli173aman usjuloebaman asurastanelTa igi umravlesTa nawilTa queyanisaTa dampyrobelimefobaQ tyued waruqcia sparsTa da midTa da sruliad aRmohfxura queyaniTsaHsenebeli, ara xolo mefe da mZlavri, aramed kac-yofisaca maTisaQ.aman codvaman didi igi da yovliT-kerZo yovlisa queyanisaQT Hma-gansmenilinaTesavi somexTaQ, mefobiTurT da mTavrobiT maTiT, ara oden daamdabla dadaamHua, aramed sruliad aRiRo kacTagan saxeli maTi, romelTaQ vervin poosdRes erTica mefe anu mTavari, mqonebeli daumonebelisa TavisuflebisaQ, daRaTuyovelnica vin piri miwisaQ moixilos.aman bilwebaman sparsTa igi maRali, da maradis hromTa mefobisa mHdomaflobaQ,mHecis bunebaTa vieTme kacTa avazakuriTa zeda-moslviTa, miwadmde damdablebulyo,da vidre moaqamde mZlavrebisa maTisa morCil yo.ese ara uywiT, Tu vinaQ ukeTurebiT Semoexrwna moqalaqobasa qristes mosaxelisacaerisasa, rameTu raQ ziarebaQ iyo beliarisi qristes-Tana da, Helsa ucxoTeslTasa micemiT dasasrul maxDlisa maTisa qmniTa, neStni odenRa damitevnaisraHlisani, romelni ukueTu vegneT-Ra masve ukeTurebasa zeda, oQ Cemda, davidumoZnel-sityuaQ, romeli yovelTada cxad ars, daRacaTu Cuen vhridoT.amisTDs vamcnebT yovelsa didsa da mciresa, mdidarsa da glaxaksa, mefesa damTavarsa, aznaursa da mdabiorsa, mRdelTa da umRdeloTa, moweseTa da eriskacTa,berTa da WabukTa, da Sua-kacTa yovelsa pativsa da yovelsa wessa da yovelsahasaksa ganyenebad amis vnebisa ufroQs-Ra saZagelisa bilwebisa.da esreT daumticebT, saxeliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa: yovelmansulman qristeaneman marTlmadidebelman, amaT sityuaTa msmenelman, romelmanSemdgomad amis Zeglisa warkiTxvisa, ara ijmnas bilwisa mis sodomurisa codvisaganda, ara xolo saqmiT qmnisa misisa, aramed reca laRobiT ferebisa da sityDTTqumisa, raTaca samisoTa da misTa damsaxvelTa sityuaTa da saqmeTagan, ueWueladmoiwios mis zeda amas ukue sawuTosa saSineli raQme da cocxliv jojoxeTadSTamHdeli risxvaQ, msgavsad wunwubasa-Tana aRreulisaQ mis sodomelTa cecxlisaQ.xolo mun-igi mimTualvel eqmnes mas, romeli vals winaSe pirsa uflisasa daSeswuvavs garemoQs missa mterTa misTa, vinaQTgan siyuaruli HorcTaQ mterobaQars RmrTisaQ. da romelman ganxrwnas taZari RmrTisaQ, ganxrwnes igica RmerTman,da amas Tana da Cuengan, uRirsTa monaTa saRmrToQsa monebisa Rirs-qmnulTaQsa,Ki Cuenda, arRara kurTxevaQ, aramed kdemaQ da mxilebaQ daimkDdros saukunoQ.[19] xolo vinaQTgan mizezad urTierTas pativiT Tayuanis-cemisa Cuen Sorismyofi xatebaQ RmrTisaQ aRsaarebul da qadagebul ars didTa moZRuarTa da mamaTaCuenTagan, cxad ars, viTarmed Tayuanis mcemeli xatisa RmrTisaQ RmerTsa Tayvanis-scemsmis mier, maginebelica sadme xatisa RmrTisaQ RmerTsa aginebs ueWuelad,viTarca wmidaTa Soris didi basili esreT daswers amas.


174 mitropoliti anania jafariZeamisTDs ganvasazRvrebT, raQTa eseca RmrTis-Semawuxebeli da RmrTisa SeuracxismyofelicodvaQ sruliad moispos yovlisagan enisa da naTesavisa Cuenisa.da romelman amieriTgan Seaginos-Ra suli, gonebaQ da piri TDsi usaxuriTaginebiTa, zemowerilisa amis Tanamdeb iyos igica gankanonebisa.mefesa daviTs monazoni arseniamaTda momarT rasa ityD, romelsa hsibrZnis hmoyuareb Sen ufroQsad brwyinvaleoTualo yovlisa soflisa mefeTa erTguamobisao!romeli ege haerovan xar, viTarca samyaroQ xilulisa soflisa Soris;saCino, viTarca mze varskulavTa Soris;brwyinvale, viTarca eTeri nivTTa Soris;naTlis-fer, viTarca elvaQ RrubelTa Soris;ciskrovan, viTarca aRmosavali kerZoTa Soris;tkbil, viTarca are JamTa Soris;RmrTis saxe, viTarca siyuaruli saTnoebaTa Soris;gulis saTqumel, viTarca oqroQ miwaTa Soris;elvare, viTarca DakinTi qvaTa Soris;maRal, viTarca finiki nergTa Soris;Suenier, viTarca vardi yuavilTa Soris;aRmatebul, viTarca samoTxe queyanisa Soris;Zlier, viTarca lomi mHecTa Soris;mtkice, viTarca andamati ganukueTelTa Soris;saxelganTqmul, viTarca nebroT gmirTa Soris;axovan, viTarca iso wina mbrZolTa Soris;moSurne viTarca finez mRdelTa Soris;mHne, viTarca samfson msajulTa Soris;ubrZolel, viTarca aqillev ellenTa Soris;brZen, viTarca solomon mefeTa Soris;mSDd, viTarca daviT cxebulTa Soris;Suris-meZiebel, viTarca iosia SaravandedTa Soris;uzaro, viTarca makedoneli mflobelTa Soris;ganmadidebel flobisa, viTarca avRDstos keisarTa Soris;kacTmoyuare, viTarca Cemi iesu RmerTTa Soris;bunebiT RmerTi, madliT RmerT-qmnulTa Soris;mHurvale, viTarca petre mowafeTa Soris;


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli175sayuarel, viTarca iovane megobarTa Soris;mkDrcxl, viTarca pavle mociqulTa Soris;saxis-dasabam ucTomelisa qristeanobisa, viTarca didi kostantine TDTmpyrobelTaSoris;simtkice keTilad msaxurebisa, viTarca Tevdosi skiptris mpyrobelTa Soris;saTno uCanan eseni myudroebasa Sensa; gansuenebul arsa amaT zeda siborotisasulTaQ mdevneli daviTiani suli Seni, romelni ese aw ZRunad mogarTuna Senmwyobrman SenTa amaT nazirevelTa simravlisaman, raQTa Sen miarTune eseni RmerTsada mowyale hyo amaT mier wyalobis moyuare ufali, romel moswrafebiTSemokrebaQ ubrZane Sen, da didisa amis da RmrTisa saTnoQsa warmarTebisa TanaSuamdgomelad RmrTisa mimarT moigen, viTarca sakuTarni monani, raQTa romelimeRmrTisa saxisa mRdelT-mTavrobisa mier maxlobel eqmnebodis SenTDs RmerTsa;xolo romelime mRdelT-SuenieriTa meoxebiTa SeesakuTrebodis dambadebelsa;sxuasa sulTqumani moaqunden, sxuasa gandnobaQ cremliTa, sxuasa Rame-yovelobiTnimRDZarebani, sxuasa Hmel-sareclobaQ, sxuasa raQTurTiT araras qonebaQkeisrisasa yovelsave RmrTisasa, mxolod HorcTa oden da maTca marxviTa ganleulTaQ;sxuasa sityuaQ, daRaTu mdabali da undoQ, garna arave uermoQ, arcaumusikeloQ momzidvel yofad smenisa, amis Tana Semsgavsebulica ZalisaQ, yovelTalitaniobaQ, yovelTa vedrebaQ, yovelTa erTHmobaQ; viTarmed daviT keTiladmsaxurisa da RmrTivdacvulisa mefisa Cuenisa mravalmca arian weliwadni.[mosaHsenebelni] keTilad msaxurisa da RmrTiv-dacvulisa mefisa Cuenisa giorgimefeTa mefisa da yovlisa aRmosavalisa da dasavalisa kesarosisa, mravalmcaarian welni.keTilad msaxurisa da RmrTis-moyuarisa dedoflisa Cuenisa marTa avRDstinaisni,mravalmca arian welni.daviT RmrTis-msaxurisa da RmrTiv-dacvulisa mefisa Cuenisa afxazTa daqarTvelTa, ranTa da kaxTa TDTmpyrobelisa, mravalmca arian welni.wmidisa dedoflisa da RmrTiv-sulierisa dedisa Cuenisa, mariam monazonisa,saukunomca ars HsenebaQ.iovane wmidisa mTavarepiskoposisa, Cuenisa kaTolikosisa da yovlisa saqarTveloQsayovlad Rirsisa mamaTmTavrisa, mravalmca arian welni.wmidisa berisa da sulierisa mamis Cuenisa evstrati monazonisa, mravalmca...Rirsisa meufisa Cuenisa da Tualad wmidisa amis krebisa cnobilisa giorgimonazonisa da mwignobarTa uxucesisa, mravalmca...yovlad RirsTa krebisa amis yovelTa mamaTa mRdelTmTavarTa, mRdelTa damonazonTa, mravalmcaa...


176 mitropoliti anania jafariZesjulierisa moRuawisa arseni monazonisa kaliposelisa, mravalmca...yovelnimca marTlmadidebelni kurTxeul arian, yovelni mwvalebelniSeCuenebul arian.keTilad msaxurTa da marTlmadidbelTa pirvel aRsrulebulTa sanatrelTamefeTa CuenTa, saukunomca ars HsenebaQ da kurTxevaQ maTi.sanetrelTa da wmidaTa kaTolikosTa da netarTa mRdelTmTavarTa da mRdel-Ta, saukunomca...saukunoQsa netarebisa RirsTa da didTa mnaTobTa CuenTa efTDmi da giorgimTawmidelTaQ, saukonomca...RirsTa mamaTa CuenTa daviT tbelisa da stefane sananoQs ZisaQ, saukunomca...dausrulebelisa netarebisa mkDdrTa, berTa CuenTa, saba sulaQs Zisa da antonitbelisa da efrem mciraQsaQ [da arseni monazonisa iyalTelisaQ] saukunoQ...RirsebiT moxsenebulTa mamaTa, efTDmi grZelisa, iovane rexues ZisaQ Svili-TurT, miqel WuaisaQ da giorgi berisaQ saukunomca...kualadca vityDT :yovelnimca mwvalebelni SeCuenebul arian.yovelnimca marTlmadidebelni kurTxeul arian.yovelTa marTlmadidebelTa welnimca mraval arian.yovelTa marTlmadidebelTa saukunomca ars HsenebaQ.yovelni mwvalebelni saukunodmca SeCuenebul arian.yovelTa mwvalebelTa, saukunomca ars wyevaQ da dausrulebeli SeCuenebaQ. 492492qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. III, 1970, gv. 106-127. teqsti Sejerebulia didisjuliskanonis (1975) Zeglisweris teqstTan - gv. 543-559.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli177sakanonmdeblo kreba giorgi brwyinvales dros (1335 w.)1335 w. mefe giorgi brwyinvalem moiwviasakanonmdeblo kreba, romelSicmefis Semdeg upirvelesi piri, rogorcTviTon mefe brZanebs – iyo `wmida meufeda qarTlis kaTalikozi evfTvime~. episkoposebTanerTad sakanonmdeblo saqmianoba-Si monawileobdnen vezirebi, mouravebi,Temisa da Temis erisTavebi, xevisTavebi,xevisberebi da `herovanni~. mefis, umaRlesiierarqebisa da mTavrobis umaRlesipirebis monawileobiT es kreba miagavssaxelmwifo darbazobas, romelmac ganixilaSeqmnili viTareba da gamosca Sesabamisikanonebi, rogorc TviTon krebisoqmi brZanebs. am kanonebSi gadmocemuliiyo `sasjulo saqme da saeklesio, risicginda sasaqmosa – kacis mkvlelTa,eklesiis mkrexvelTa, colis damgdebelTaubralosaTa, anu wamgvrelTa~. 493krebis mier gamocemuli samarTali,romelic cnobilia saxelwodebiT `samarTalimefisa giorgisa~, Seicavs eklesiisadmimiZRvnil zogierT muxls,magram mTlianobaSi igi warmoadgens arasaeklesio, aramed saero, anu `msoflio~samarTals, amitomac aRniSnavskidec kreba _ `Cven msofliosa misisisxli da pativi da sasaqmo gagviCenia~,494 magram kreba iqve brZanebs, Tukiraime sxva samarTlebrivi sakiTxi wamoiWreba,misi gadaWra eklesiis meTaurebsSeuZliaT _ `sxva rac sasjulosakiTxavi iyos, igi kaTalikozman da maTganaCenTa maT zeda episkoposTa maT hkiTxon~.494 kreba, i. doliZis gamokvlevisTanaxmad, Sedga 1335 wels. 495krebam ganixila Semdegi sakiTxi: imisSemdeg, rac mefe dimitris Zem, giorgibrwyinvalem Tavisi taxtisa da skiptrisganmtkicebis mizniT Semoiara TavisisabrZaneblis mTiani mxare Jinvalidandarialamde da ukan _ muxranamde, aRmoCnda,rom rogorc i. doliZe wers _`CamorCenil mTiulebs esaWiroebodaTadgilobrivi xasiaTis sakanonmdebloZegli~. marTalia, gaerTianebuli saqar-Tvelos samefosaTvis XI-XIII ss-Si arsebobdasamarTlis wignebi, samefo sjulmdebloba,magram `isini Seusabamoni dagamousadegarni iyvnen CamorCenili, ganviTarebispatriarqalur safexurze mdgomimTiuli mosaxleobisaTvis~. 496amitomac krebam giorgi brwyinvalesnebiT ganizraxa Seedgina adgilobrivimniSvnelobis samarTlis wigni. misi erTerTiwyaro yofila beqa mandaturTuxucesiskanonebi, `giorgi brwyinvalis sakanonmdeblokrebam gamoiyena saaTabagossamarTlis saTanado normebi mTiulTasjulmdeblobisaTvis~. 497`Zeglis dadeba Sedgeba Sesavlisa da46 muxlisagan. igi sisxlis samarTliskanonmdeblobis _ `sisxlis ganaCens~ warmoadgens,samoqalaqo samarTlis sakiTxebsmxolod oriode muxli exeba~. 497 samar-Tali, Tavdapirvelad, muxlebad dayofiliar yofila. Cans, muxlebad vaxtang VIiskomisias dauyvia.es kreba `Tbilis qalaqsa~ Catarebula,rogorc `Zeglis dadebis~ SesavlidanCans.493Zeglis dadeba mefeT mefis giorgis mier, Sesavali, q.s.Z., 1963, t. I, gv. 402; 494 q.s.Z. I. gv. 402;495iqve, gv. 616; 496 i. doliZe, Zeglis dadeba, q.s.Z. I. gv. 615; 497 iqve, gv. 617.


178 mitropoliti anania jafariZeaRsaniSnavia, rom saqarTveloSi gamoyenebulsjulmdeblobas am Zeglis mixedviT`qarTvelT sjuli~ erqva. valis, anu fulissesxad aRebis Semdeg, misacemi procenti,anu `sargebeli arc qarTvelTsjulsa Sigan Ze wesad rome aiRon daarc sxvaTa sjulTa uweria da sargebeliaris uweso~ (muxli 46-e, samarTalimefis giorgisa). 498 `sxva sjulSi~ Cans,igulisxmeba bizantiuri samarTali. maSasadame,arc qarTuli da arc berZnulisamarTliT valis `sargeblis~ aReba arSeiZleba, anda ukidures SemTxvevaSi Sei-Zleba `aTsa TeTrs zeda ori TeTri mieces~.499 marTlac, vaxSis aReba ikrZalebasaeklesio samarTliT. zogadad, ra Tqmaunda, gansaxilveli samarTali saeklesiosamarTals efuZneboda. rogorc i.doliZe aRniSnavs, Sua saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi`saqarTvelo mWidro kulturulda saxelmwifoebriv urTierTobaSiimyofeboda bizantiasTan. qarTulma samarTalmaTaviseburad daamuSava da gamoiyenabizantiuri samarTlis zogierTiinstituti da moxdenilad Seufarda isiniCveni cxovrebis sinamdviles~. 500`Zeglis dadeba mefeTmefis giorgis mier~[amokrefili muxlebi]Cuen, mefeTmefeman giorgim, Zeman yovelTa Soris warCinebulisa mefeTmefisdimitrisaman, davdeviT Zegli-ganaCeni ese mas Jamsa, odes SevediT mTiulTa Siganmosavlelad RmrTis mowyalebiTa yovlgniT ucileblad qonebasa Sina samefosaCuenisasa da ucileblad pyrobasa taxtisa da skiptrisasa.warvediT taxtiT CueniT qalaqiT da SevediT sasaxlesa Cuensa Jinvansa. damuniT mivediT Hada-cxaots da movasxeniT yovelni muneburni xevisberni da herovanni,da gavigoneT maTni saqmeni, davsxediT maTsa sasaqmosa.da mivediT darielamdis da vscaniT ese, romel RmrTiv gDrgDnosanTa dasanatrelTa CuenTa CamomavalTa mefeTagan amad ar gasCenoda ZegliTa gaCeniTa dadadebiTa sisxlisa da sxuaTa mravalTa uwesoTa mimZlavrebulTa saqmeTa romel-Tame saqmisa romlisaTDsme hprianebodaT aRreviT yofa erTmaneTsa Sigan, daromelTame sxDs Jamisa SemosrulobisaTDs ukue gaCena ver swreboda-Ra sruladmTiulTa saqmis moklebasa da gaCenasa.da Jam-guces, mowyalebiTa RmrTisaTa darieliT mobrunvebulTa viloceTlomisis mTavarmowamis winaSe da CamoviareT cxrazmis xevi da movikuliveT muneburisasaqmo.498i. doliZe, Zeglis dadeba, q.s.Z. I, gv. 420; 499 iqve, gv. 421; 500 iqve, gv. 678.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli179movediT muxrans, sazamTrosa Cuensa davdegiT, da SemovediT qalaqsa da SemovitaneTTemisa da Temis erisTavni da HevisTavni da Hevisberni da herovanni.davsxediT da davsHT wmida meufe da qarTlisa kaTalikozi evfTvime, davsxiTvezirni da ebiskopozni da mouravni, da gavigoneT, romel didi usamarTlo damZlavrebuli qmniliyo erTmaneTsa zeda, da sisxlis msubuqobisaTDs advil CndaerTmaneTis Ralatad dasxma da daqceva cixeTa, sikudili, colis wagura daubralod dagdeba, da mravalferni ulusoba da yol samarTali aRar iyo-Ra.da dReisiT winaT-Ra erTmaneTis sayofTa saqmeTa amad aRar SemoviReT, _erTmaneTis amosula ar iqneboda, ganaCen-daudebloba eqmnaT.da aw yuela gavaCineT, ra rigad vis ra eyos erTmaneTis avi, sisxli dges anusxua sasaqmo ra ginda ra iyos _ gardaHdes.juarTa yels aqeT, Hada-cxaots, zandukis Hevs, kibeT queSeT da menesos zemoTes ganaCeni davdeviT.sasjulo saqme da saeklesio, risac ginda sasaqmosa, _ kacis mkulelTa,eklesiis mkrexvelTa, colis damgdebelTa ubralosaTa, anu wamgurelTa, _ sxuarac sasjulo sakiTxavi iyos, igi kaTalikozman da maT, ganaCenTa maT zedaebiskopozTa, maT hkiTxon.Cuen msofliosaa misi sisxli, pativi da sasaqmo gagDCenia.dReisiTgan waRma esreT iqmnas.[lomisisa glexisa asre iyos] 42. lomisisa vinc glexi moklas, Tu mefeTaganSewirulia, gina sxuaTa visganme, aTasxuTasi TeTri daeurvos. TaviT ZueliTgangaCenili aris lomisis samZRvarsa zeda, _ amieri Hada-cxaotis mimdgomi aris, _da agreve gaCeniT iyos.valis saqme asre gavaCineT 46. sargebeli arc qarTvelT sjulTa Sigan Zeswesad, rome aRiRon, da arc sxuaTa sjulTa uweria. da sargebeli aris uweso.da Tu radme mimcemi kaci esre avi iyos, rome sargebeli aRiRos, ra ginda raxani gamosuliyos, aTsa TeTrs zeda ori TeTri mieces, _ razomi didi xanidaeyos, amis mets nuras miscems da arc samarTalia misacemlad.da Tu dia raTme avi kaci ar aris, arc amisi aReba marTebs.samarTali esreT yon yovelTa. 501501qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I, 1963, gv. 401-421.


180 mitropoliti anania jafariZeWulevis sakanonmdeblo kreba (1381-1386 ww.)XIV s-is 80-ian wlebSi mesxeTSi,Wulevis monasterSi, (Tanamedrove adigenisraionSi) Sedga saeklesio sakanonmdeblokreba, romelic moiwvia aTabagamirspasalarmaaRbuRam. i. doliZisazriT, es kreba unda Catarebuliyo 1381-1386 wlebSi. `me aTabag-amirspasalarmanaRbuRa, movaxseneT patiosansa mawyverelsada biZaTa CemTa, SaSiasa da missaZmas safaris moZRvarsa pafnutis, xuTsaveTemsa samcxisasa, taovelTa, SavS-Ta da klarjTa da maT Sina myofTaepiskoposTa da meudabnoeTa, moweseTamowmobiTa, mindobilni RmrTisani da yovladwmidisa RvTismSobelisani~. 502 am krebismier gamocemuli samarTali gavrceldamTel saqarTveloSi, rogorc saeklesioda saqveyno moqmedi samarTali.Cven adre vwerdiT, rom saeklesiokreba saqarTveloSi warmoadgenda amavedros saxelmwifo darbazis sxdomas, maSasadame,krebas episkoposebsa da sasulierowarmomadgenlebTan erTad eswrebodnendarbaiselnic – darbazis wevrebicmefis meTaurobiT, anu ukeT rom vTqvaT,darbazoba saeklesio sakiTxTa ganxilvisdros saeklesio krebas warmoadgenda.Wulevis krebasac eswrebodnen mesxe-Tis episkoposebi, kerZod, TviT samcxidanmowveulni taoeli, SavSeli, klarjeliepiskoposebi, gansakuTrebuli adgilieWiraT awyurisa da safaris sasulieropirebs, sxva `moweseebs~ da meudabnoemamebs. saero pirTagan ki gamoir-Ceodnen samTavro saxlis meTauri, romelicamave dros iyo sruliad saqarTvelossaxelmwifos aTabag-amirspasalariaRbuRada sxva adgilobrivi umaRlesixelisufalni (SaSia da misi Zma, romelicamave dros safaris moZRvari iyo).ra warmoadgenda krebis ganxilvissagans? xelnaweris saxiT Semonaxulikrebis oqmidan Cans, rom krebam ganixilada uklebliv daamtkica 70-80 wliTadre, daaxloebiT 1295-1304 wlebSiSedgenili beqa mandaturTuxucesis samarTali.krebam am samarTals daurToTavis mier SemuSavebuli axali kanonebi,romelTa amoqmedebis mizezi SeiqnadroTa viTarebaSi `Semosuli uwesosaqmeebi~, garda amisa, ganisazRvrasaqarTveloSi SemoRebuli axali fuliserTeulis nominalic da misi moqmedebisareali gaavrceles mesxeTSi.saeklesio krebam beqas kanonebs daumata33 muxli, romelic aRbuRa aTabagamirspasalarissamarTlis saxeliTaaamJamad cnobili, radganac swored igiiyo meTauri da iniciatori axali kanonebisSemoRebisa Tavis sabrZanebelSi (samcxeSi).Seqmnili viTarebis gamo _`laSqarTa Sina cxenis parva Seqmniliyo,ewyina sapatioTa kacTa da mis winaSesapatioTa msxdomTa kacTa... esreT gaa-Cines. 503 maSasadme, kanonebi SemuSavda`sapatio msxdomTa kacTa~ mier. iqamdeki Seqmnili mdgomareobis Sesaxeb aRbu-Ras `sapatio kacebisaTvis~ ucnobebia,maT ki Tavis mxriv sxdoma, anu SekrebamouwveviaT, es iyo swored Wulevis saeklesiokreba.502qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I. 1963. gv. 425; 503 iqve, gv. 450.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli181krebam, rogorc aRvniSneT, Tavdapirveladganixila beqa mandaturTuxucesiskanonebi da aRiara igi qmediTunarianad(sul 65 muxli), Semdgom ki mas axalimuxlebi daumata (e.w. aRbuRas kanonebi).Tavdapirvelad, kanonebi muxlad dayofiliar yofila, aramed dayofili iyomTavar nawilebad sakiTxebis mixedviT.sabolood ki krebam aRniSnul (beqasada aRbuRas) kanonebs daurTo ZvelTaganvearsebuli e.w. `bagrat kurapalatissamarTlis~ muxlebi da agreTvekanonikuri samarTlis muxlebi SedgeniliTviT Wulevis krebis mier. e.i.gamocemul iqna samarTlis axali krebuli,romelic Tavis mxriv Setanil iqnavaxtangis `samarTlis wignebis krebul-Si~. i. doliZis gamocemis mixedviT, ZegliSeicavs sul 170 muxls, aqedan beqassamarTals miekuTvneba 1-65 muxli, aRbuRas_ 66-98, bagrat kurapalats –99-160, kanonikur samarTls – 161-170,kanonTa bolos SecdomiT, ganmeorebiTmiuweriaT ramdenime kanoni. 504beqa-aRbuRas samarTlis wignisumTavres nawils sisxlis samarTlisnormebi Seadgens. saTanado adgili aqvsdaTmobili saeklesio da samoqalaqo samarTalsac.magaliTad, mawyvereli episkoposisadgili sasamarTlo warmoebisasgaTanabrebulia patron-aTabagTan, muxlebSi1, 4, 18, 22, 25, 33, 40.pirveli muxlis Tanaxmad, patronadiwodeba mawyvereli, iseve, rogorc aTabagi.`sisxlis ganaCenis~ aRniSnulimuxliT, Tu didebuli didebuls moklavda,adgilze unda misuliyo `aTabagiskaci~ da `mawyverelis xati~, SemdegmoSuRar mxareTa Soris mtroba undaSewyvetiliyo da saqme sasamarTlos undagadascemoda. Tu erTi mxare gadaixveweboda,`mamuli patronsa aqundes jayelsada mawyverelsa~, e.i. mamuli damna-Saves CamoerTmeoda da jayelsa da mawyverelsgadaecemoda. aseve iyo, agreTve,roca aznauri aznaurs moklavda.22-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu Zma Zmasmoklavda, damnaSaves unda gadaexada `patronis~(jayelis) da `laSqris~ sasargeblodda, agreTve, mawyverelis an sxvaadgilobrivi episkoposis sasargeblod:`episkoposman misi wesi icis, raca mar-Tebs, man uyos~. 505 33-e muxlSi naxsenebia`patroni mawyvereli~. `patrons~,sxva muxlis Tanaxmad, SeeZlo damna-Savis `morbeva, mamulis waReba, gaZeveba~da sxv. (muxli 40). saerTod, samar-Tali ixilavs sasjelebs mkvlelobis,sxeulis dazianebis, Seuracxyofis, ciliswamebis,sqesobrivi danaSaulis, qalismotacebis, colis an qmris dagdebis,gaZarcvis, qurdobis, meqrTameobis,Ralatis, TviTnebobis dros. agreTve,Seicavs samoqalaqo samarTlis muxlebs,romlebic ganixilaven sakuTrebis uflebas,giravnobas, nasyidobas, mibarebas,sesxs, Cuqebas, Tavdebobas, Txovebas, saojaxosamarTals, memkvidreobas. sasamarTlowyobilebasa da sasamarTlo warmoebaseZRvneba muxlebi, romlebic ganixilavs– bWisa da bWobis, Suakacis, ficisda moficaris, mowmis, werilobiTsabuTebis sakiTxebs. 506beqasa da aRbuRas samarTlis wignisboloSi darTulia kanonebi bagrat kurapalatisada saeklesio dadgenilebebi.i. doliZis TvalsazrisiT, am kanonebissjulmdebeli unda iyos mefe bagrat IV(1027-1072) da mas unda mieweros beqasada aRbuRas samarTlis wignis 99-160504q.s.Z., t. I. gv. 621; 505 iqve, gv. 433; 506 iqve, gv. 622.


182 mitropoliti anania jafariZekanonebi. sxva mecnierTa azriT, rogorcganvixileT, es kanonebi ekuTvnis bagratkurapalats (IX s.). es kanonebi `episkoposTa,didebulTa da aznaurTa da Wkuian-Ta kacTa mefeTa winaSe erTbamad~ SeumuSavebiaT,anu `gauCeniaT~ `gangebiTaRmrTisaTa~. 507 maSasadame, kanonebis SemuSavebaSieklesiis ierarqebs _ episkoposebsdidebulebTan erTad miuRiaTmonawileoba. muxlebis erTi nawili saeklesiosaqmeebs awesrigebs, amitomac essamarTali saeklesio samarTlis wyaroa.pirvelive muxli mouwodebs mosamarTleebs`marTali samarTali unda gaa-CinoT RvTis SiSiT, qrTamisa da TnebisgareSe~. sasurvelad miiCnevda mosamar-Tle momrigeblad daadginon `moZRvari~an sxva sapatio piri. 103-e muxliT, Tuepiskoposi damnaSavea mefis winaSe, mefesar SeuZlia misi Sepyroba, aramed episkopossevaleba `Sexvewa, Sekazmva mefisa~.gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa da cnobiliabagrat kurapalatis samarTlis 102-emuxli, romelSic naTqvamia _ `meoremefe episkoposi ars~. mTlianad es muxliaseTia _ `Tu mefe episkopozsa gauwyres,gina usamarTlod, gina samarTliT,xelTa SepyrobaY arca maSin moxdebis,amisaTvis raYme meore mefe episkopoziars da qristianeTa sjulisa damamtkicebelida raYca mefesa sjulisa saqmeaqvs, agre Seiwynaren~. 508maSasadame, episkoposisa da mefis iuridiuliwona samarTlis samsjavroswinaSe Tanabaria, amitomac Tuki episkoposidamnaSavea kanonis winaSe, igi iseveunda daisajos, ra sasjelsac kanonmdeblobaiTvaliswinebs mefisaTvis mocemulidanaSaulis SemTxvevaSi. mefes damnaSaveepiskoposis Sepyroba ar SeuZlia, arSeuZlia misi Sepyroba im SemTxvevaSic,Tuki mefe piradad miiCnevs episkopossarasasurvel pirad. kanonmdebloba sasulieroda saero umaRles xelisufalT(am SemTxvevaSi, mefesa da episkoposs)aTanabrebs. es principi, i. doliZis azriT,momdinareobs bizantiuri samarTlidan. 509es principi asaxulia vaxtangis samarTliswignis 25-e muxlSic _ `mefisa dakaTalikozis saqme... orisave swori aris,amitom rom erTi xorcis xelmwifea dameore sulisa~.mefisa da episkoposis uflebrivadgaTanabrebis principi aseve gatarebuliabagratis samarTlis 103-e muxl-Sic, romlis Tanaxmad sjulis, eklesiis,episkoposisa da mefis winaSe damna-Save mRvdeli, moZRvari an monazoniar eqvemdebareboda Sepyrobas. misiqmedeba unda gamoeZiaT da Tanxis gadaxdiTdaesajaT.ufro meti, 105-e muxlis Tanaxmad,didebulis Tu sxvaTa mier sasulieropiris SepyrobisaTvis sasjeli Sempyrobsdaedeboda. aseve isjeba Semdegi muxliTmRvdlis meuRlis `momyinvebeli~. 106-emuxliT didebuli, romelic episkopossSeaginebda, didi xvewnis Semdeg 40.000TeTrs gadaixdida. xolo imave qmedebisaTvisaznauri 20.000 TeTriT daisjeboda,sazogadod, momdevno muxlebi umetesadeklesias, anda sasuliero pirebsSeexeba, ase rom, bagrat kurapalatissamarTalic saeklesio samarTlis wyaroa.sainteresoa 121-e muxli, romlidanacvigebT, rom eklesiaSi `qveynis samlocvelod~dasvenebul macxovris xatisaTvisqveyana valdebuli iyo Seewira30 glexi, e.i. maTgan Semosavaliunda moxmareboda xatis movla-pa-507q.s.Z., t. I. gv. 464; 508 iqve, gv 464; 509 iqve, gv. 641.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli183tronobas, dacvasa da mis winaSe locvissaqmes. yovladwmida RvTismSoblis xatisaTvis12 glexi unda SeewiraT, amdeniveglexi iyo dadgenili sxva xatebisTvisac.amiT iyo gamowveuli is, romudidesi ganZi, Zvirfasi xatebi da saeklesionivTebi eklesia-monastrebSi saukuneTamanZilze SesaniSnavad iyo daculi.zemoT moyvanili muxlebi episkoposTaxelSeuxeblobis Sesaxeb saqarTveloSiimdenad gaTavisebuli iyo, rom mxoloducxoelebma _ sparselebma da rusebmagabedes misi darRveva _ magaliTad,rodesac rostom-xanma evdemoz kaTalikosimoakvlevina da rusma xelisuflebmaki cemiT mokles dosiTeos quTaTelimitropoliti, imereTis kaTalikosis adgilzemjdomi.Wulevis saeklesio krebas, rogorcaRvniSneT, mouZiebia da daurTavs aRbu-Ras kanonebisaTvis beqa mandaturTuxucesisda, agreTve, bagrat kurapalatiskanonebi. Wulevis krebas unda daematebinamTeli am samarTlis krebulisaTvise.w. `kanonikuri samarTlis~ muxlebi.krebas am kanonebiT surda RalatiT ZmisTu sxva kacis mkvlelis, asoTa moWris,brZolaSi moklulis gaZarcvis, usamarTlodsaxelgatexili kacis mokvlis,kanonieri colis wagvris, sasulieropiris RalatiT mokvlis da sxva msgavsiuzneo qmedebis aRmofxvra. amitomacyovel muxls axlavs damarRvevlis wyevlisformula. sazogadod, qurdobis, eklesiisgatexis, venaxis aWris, saydrissaqonlis motacebis, cecxlis wakidebasada sxva danaSaulSi mxilebulidamnaSaveebi wyevliTac isjebodnen da,agreTve, Sesabamisi kanoniTac (saeklesiosasjelis garda). kreba 165-e, 168-170-e muxlebis dasasruls iTvaliswinebssanqcias, rom damnaSave `kanonsameca qveSeiqnebis wmidaca mociqulTaca~ _ rackanonikuri samarTlis formulas warmoadgens.510 amitomac, aseTi muxlebis,anu sakanonos dadeba SeeZlo sworedsaeklesio krebas da asec moqceula Wuleviskreba. kanonebSi moxseniebuli`sapiro da sanaxSiro~ unda niSnavdes,samomrigeblos, samosalaparakeblos, anumxareTa Soris molaparakebisa da morigebismiRwevisaTvis gankuTvnil gasamrjelos.`sanaxSo~ salaparako adgils erqva.samarTali, ZiriTadad, msoflio saeklesiokrebaTa kanonebs eyrdnoba.i. doliZe wers: `samcxe-saaTabagossamTavros saSinao marTva-gamgeoba mTlianadpatron _ aTabagis mier damoukidebladxorcieldeboda. `imxanad saqarTvelosmTlianoba imdenad daSlili iyo,rom mefes TiTqmis aRaraviTari Zala aRarhqonda~. 511 sakanonmdeblo xelisuflebasaaTabagoSi patron aTabags ekuTvnis daigi am uflebas saqarTvelos mefisagandamoukideblad axorcielebs, igi aRWurviliauzenaesi sasamarTlo xelisuflebi-Tac~. 512 magram sagangebod unda aRiniSnos,rom patroni aTabagi araa TviTmpyrobelixelisufali, mis samTavroSi zogierTigansakuTrebuli saxelisuflo dasasamarTlo ufleba miniWebuli aqvs eklesias,kerZod ki - awyuris episkoposs(mawyverels). `awyuris episkoposis sasamarTloiurisdiqcias eqvemdebarebodamTeli rigi mniSvnelovani sisxlisa dasamoqalaqo samarTlis saqmeebi (beqa-aRbuRassamarTlis mixedviT). mawyvereliaTabagTan erTad axorcielebs umaRles510q.s.Z. t. I. gv. 630; 511 iv. javaxiSvili, qarTveli eris istoria, IV, 1941, gv. 143; 512 i. doliZe,Zveli qarTuli samarTali, 1953, gv. 32.


184 mitropoliti anania jafariZesasamarTlo xelisuflebas. saaTabagossaqarTvelos samefosagan gandgomam didigavlena moaxdina mawyverelis damoukideblobazeda misi sasamarTlo iurisdiqciiszrdaze. saaTabagoSi mawyvereli iseTiveumaRlesi saeklesio Tanamdebobis piriiyo, rogorc kaTalikosi saqarTveloSi.Tu aTabagi saqarTvelos mefes arafersekiTxeboda, mawyverelic damoukidebeliiyo mcxeTis saeklesio kaTedrisagan. samcxe-saaTabagoSiigi damoukideblad axorcielebdaumaRles saeklesio xelisuflebasda sjulmdeblobas~. 513 magram xazgasmiTaaaRsaniSnavi, rom `Tu sasulierosaqmeebSi mawyvereli uzenaesi piria,saero samarTlis saqmeebSi is aTabagisTanasworia, masTan erTad axorcielebsumaRles marTlmsajulebas~. 514amiT (e.i. samarTlis sferoSi aTabagisada mawyverelis TanasworobiT) arisgamowveuli beqa-aRbuRas samarTlad cnobiliwignebis Sedgeniloba. i. doliZisTvalsazrisiT, beqasa da aRbuRas samar-Tali Tavdapirvelad 98 muxlisaganSedgeboda (eyrdnoba 1672 wlis xelnawers),e.i. igi Sedgeboda mxolod beqamandaturTuxucesis da aRbuRa aTabagamirspasalarissamarTlisagan. mxolodSemdgom saukuneebSi `sxva muxlebi SemTx-veviTa da SemTxveviT miumates am sakanonmdebloZegls~. 515 es Camateba i.doliZis TvalsazrisiT, Seusrulebia`vaxtang mefis sakodifikacio komisias~.Cveni Tvalsazrisi gansxvavdeba am mxriv.Cveni fiqriT, WulevSi Sedga sakanonmdeblosaeklesio kreba, romelmac saboloodgamosca mTliani saxiT erTianisakanonmdeblo Zegli, romelic imTaviTveSedgeboda rogorc beqasa da aRbu-Ras samarTlisagan, agreTve Seicavda 99-160 (e.i. bagrat kurapalatis samarTals)da rac umTavresia, krebis mier gamocemul161-170 muxlebs (e.i. kanonikur samar-Tals). es gamowveuli unda yofiliyozemoaRniSnuli garemoebiT, kerZod, imiTrom, marTalia patroni aTabagi saTave-Si edga samTavros sakanonmdeblo xelisuflebas,magram igi am udides uflebasiziarebda mawyverelTan erTad. eklesiises uflebamosileba (samarTlissferoSi) kargad Canda uZveles adgilobriv(yofil tao-klarjeTSi) SemuSavebulZeglSi, romelic bagrat kurapalatissamarTlis saxeliT iyo cnobili(IX s-is Zeglia). am Zeglis CarTviTWulevis krebam eklesiis uzenaesi sasamarTloda saxelisuflo uflebani kideverTxel gaxada TvalsaCino da kanonmdeblobissaxiT daamtkica.513i. diliZe, Zveli qarTuli samarTali, 1953, gv. 116; 514 iqve, gv. 117; 515 iqve, gv. 42.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli185`bagrat kurapalatis, beqasa da aRbuRas kanonebi~,`kanonikuri samarTali~[amokrefili muxlebi][Sesavali, beqa mandaturTuxucesis samarTlidan]. SeviyareniT WulevTa, mindobilniRmrTisani da awyuris RmrTismSoblisani, da... davideviT wina patronisapapiCemisa mandaturTuxucesis beqas ganaCeni da igi agreve srulobiT daukleblad davswereT.da raca JamTa siaviTa sxvani uwesoni saqmeni Semosuliyvnen, maTi samarTalicazeda daurTeT, asre rome, _ rac sisxlisa da gerSisa, dasxmisa da Ralatisa darasa ginda ferisa dasaurvebeli saqme iyos.patronisa papisCemisagan ganaCeni yazanuri TeTri iyo da ama JamT-Siga yazanurobaaR-sadme-moklebuliyo (//). da didis warCinebulis mefis giorgis JamisaTeTri gavaCineT; oriani xuTi dangi wminda vercxli da rogoraca aw Jamisa TeTriiyos, angariSiT ama wesiT aRiRebden.amad ara CamovamcreviT, rome avi saqme nu visganme gaadvildebis.awyurisa da safarisa, viTa ZveliTgan yofiliyo, arca didsa mefesa moeSala daCven ganaRamca agreTve davamtkiceT.wigni samarTlisa kacTa Secodebisa yovlisavesaxeliTa RmrTisaQTa dausabamoQsa mamisa, Zisa da wmidisa sulisaQTa, meoxebiTa yovladwmidisaRmrTismSobelisaQTa da yovelTa wmidaTa zecisa da queyanisaQTa, me, aTabagamilspasalarmanaRbuRa, movaHseneT patiosansa... mawyuerelsa da biZaZeTa CemTa, SaSiasa damissa Zmas safaris moZRuarsa pafnutis; xuTsave Temsa samcxisasa, taovelTa, SavSTa daklarjTa, da maT Sina myofTa episkopozTa da meudabnoveTa, moweseTa mowmobiTa. mindobilniRmrTisani da yovlad wmidisa RmrTismSobelisani, dav[i]deviT winaSe patronisapapisCemisa beqaQs ganaCeni; igi srulobiT da ukleblad davwereT; da raQca JamTa siaDTasxuani uwesoni saqmeni Semosrul iyvnes, maTi samarTali zeda daurTeT, ase rome, _ raQcasisxlisa, gerSisa dasxmisa, Ralatisa da raQsa ginda TeTrisa sauraDsa saqme iyos.patonis papisCemisagan ganaCeni yazanuri TeTri iyo. ama Jamsa Sina yazanuroba arRaraiyo. didisa mefisa giorgis Jamisa TeTri gavaCineT oriani xuTi dangi wmida vecxli. darogorca TeTri iyos, angariSad ima wesiTa aiRebodes. amad ara CamovamcreviT, rome avisaqme nu visgan gaadvildebis.awyurisa da safarisa viTa ZveliTgan yofiliyo, arca didsa patonsa moeSala, CuenganaRamca egreTve davamtkiceT.[bagrat kurapalatis samarTlidan] 100. vinca moZRuari iyos, anu mefeTawinaSe zrdili da namyofi kaci iyos, anu kargi did-vaWari, anu kargi soflisa


186 mitropoliti anania jafariZemamasaxlisi iyos, ageTi kaci dasvi bWed, Wkuiani iqnebis da kargad ecodinebisbWobaQ, da usamarTlos aras ityDs.101. Tu ebiskopozman mefesa Sescodos, mefisagan Helad SepyrobaQ ara egebis,amad rome misda muqafad sasjelisa damamtkicebeli ars.SexuewaQ, SekazmaQ marTebs ebiskopozsa mefisaQ.102. Tu mefe ebiskopozsa gauwyres, gina usamarTlod, gina samarTliTa, HelTaSepyrobaQ arca maSin moHdebis, amisTDis rome meore mefe ebiskopozi ars da qristianeTasjulisa damamtkicebeli.da raQca mefesa sjulisa saqme aqus, agre Seiwynaren.103. Tu moZRuarman anu mRdelman, anu monazonman mefesa anu ebiskopozsaSescodos, anu sjulsa, anu eklesiasa Sescodos, HelTa aravisgan Seipyrobis.gakiTxvaQ unda, da raQca mizezi daswamon, mas mizezsa unda gamonaxvaQgardaHdevinebaQ.104. vinca, anu didebulman, anu aznaurman, anu sxuaman vinme, monazoni anumRdeli mZlavrebiT HelTa Seipyras, raQsaca guarisa iyos, mis sisxlsa xuTi aTasisxuaQ ematos.da Tu guariani iyos anu Helismqonebeli, missa sisxlsa naxevari sisxliematos.105. Tu kacman xucisa coli moayivnos, gina uzesTaesman, gina uquemoesman,missa sisxlsa samoci aTasi TeTri sxuaQ ematos.106. Tu ebiskopozsa didebulman aginos, ormoci aTasi TeTri dauurvos dadidad Seexuewis.107. Tu [ebiskopozsa] aznaurman aginos, didiTa SexuewiTa oci aTasiTeTri dauurvos.108. Tu aznaurman anu didebulman mRdelsa aginos, anu uquemoesman, mesamedisixlisaQ dauurvos da didad Seexuewos.109. Tu kacman kaci guemos da eklesiaQ gautexos, raQsaca guarisa iyos, srulisisxli dauurvos.112. Tu igi eklesiaQ sanaxevro iyos, anu samesamedo, anu sameoTxedo, anusamrevlo, angariSi qnan da agre dauurvos, raQca wili edvas.visiTaca mizeziTa damarTebodes, sapiro man dauurvos. da ima eklesiisa moziarenigverca udgenda rome maTca ara gamoyon, ara emarTlebian.113. Tu eklesiaQ mekobreTa gatexon patronisa ukiTxavad da ese daswamon, Senicodio, patronman mis mekobrisaman ucodneloba ficos ocdaoTxisa kaciTa dadaejerebis. mekobre HelTa misces, raQ ginda uyon, nu daemdurebis. alafica uklebladSeaqcion, gina maT gamoiRon.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli187115. Tu eklesiasa daesxnen, xuTi aTasi TeTri dauurvon saupatiod.121. sadaca macxovrisa xati esuenos samcvelod queyanisa, saupatiod ocdaaTiglexi marTebs, Tormeti _ yovlad wmidisa, Tormeti _ mTavarangelozTa, Tormeti_ sxuaTa wmidaTa mRvdelT-moZRvarTa, mociqulTa, wmidis giorgisa, naTlismcemelisada sxuaTa wmidaTa.[kanonikuri samarTali] 161. romelmanca, vinca ginda didman, anu mciremankacman, RalatiT ZmaQ moklas da anu RalatiT sxuaQ kaci, krul da wyeul,SeCuenebul iyavn dausabamoQsa RmrTisa piriTa.da viTarisaca guarisa iyos kaci igi, orkeci sisxli dauurvos.da vinca uSuelos da Seiwynaros, krul da wyeul, SeCuenebul iyavn.162. vinca qristianeman kacman Zmas Tualni daswunes cxadad anu Ralatad, anumohkueTos raQme asoTagani, sisxli sruli da sanaxSiro dauurvos.krul da wyeul, SeCuenebul iyavn, da cudmca ars mosaHsenebeli sicocxle dasikudili misi.163. brZolaTa Sina romelica kaci mokudes, abjrisagan kide tansacmelsa danifxav-perangsa nu vin moHdis.krul, wyeul da SeCuenebul iyavn RmrTisa piriTa.164. vinca mekobre, mejurmuce da mparavi kaci moklas, cxadad gamoCndes, romeusamarTlo yofiliyos, _ vinca misman naTesavman da saSualTa misi sisxli ikiTxon,krul da SeCuenebul da wyeul iyavn.165. romelman kacman vis ginda misi gDrgDn nakurTxi coli wauRos da mostacos,sruli sisxli dauurvos, rasaca guarisa iyos.krul da wyeul da SeCuenebul [iyavn] piriTa RmrTisaQTa.da kanonsamca queSe iqmnebis wmidaTa mociqulTasa.166. romelmanca, vin ginda guarman kacman, xucesi, monazoni anu diakonimalviT, RalatiT moklas, Seipyras da gaZarcos, ori keci sisxli dauurvos.krul da wyeul da SeCuenebul [iyavn] suli da Horci misi.167. romelmanca kacman ra ginda ra moiparos da gamoCndes, ornive Tualnidaewunen da anu Hel-ferHi daeWras.Tu sapatiJosa adgilsa ara moeparos, vin iyiddes, viTaca daafason, egremihyidon, da naparevi dauklebliv missa patronsa misces.da krul, wyeul da SeCuenebul iyavn.168. romelmanca kacman, didman anu mcireman, raQsa ginda nivTianisa saqmisaTDsda mterobisaTDs, sisxlisa da valisa gardaHdisaTDis eklesiaQ gatexos anucecxli Seudvas da dawuas, anu cxadad anu idumal, kanonsamca queSe ars wmidaTamociqulTasa da wmidaTa krebaTasa.


188 mitropoliti anania jafariZekrul da wyeul da SeCvenebul iyavn.mcire ese dasaurvebeli gangDiCenia, _ raQca amisa eklesiisa dasaurvebelipatiJi eweros da gaCenil iyos, orkeci dauurvos, da alafi raQca waeRos, uzRos.amave kanonsa queSe iyos kaci igi.169. romelmanca kacman, ginda sisxlisa da gulis tkivilisaTDis, venaHidaWras anu xeni nayofierni, anu yanaQ daTibos, cxadad anu idumal, krul da wyeulda SeCuenebul iyavn kaci igi caTa Sina da queyanasa zeda.[1691]. vinca saydrisa saqonebelTa senakTa, agaraTa, saxlTa, beRelTa, maranTada vis ginda sxuaTa kacisa mosaHmarebelTa RamiT cecxli Seudvas, raQsaginda sisxlisa [da] mterobisaTDs, raQsaca gulis tkivilisaTDs anu movalebisaTDs,krul, wyeul da SeCueneul iyavn igi kaci caTa Sina da queyanasa zeda.da romlisaca saqmisaTDis qnas igi saqme, gardaHdes.da viTarca adgili iyos, sisxli da patiJi gardaiHados da kanonsa queSe iyos.da danaklebi uzRos.170. vin ginda kacman raQsa ginda saqmisa da mterobisaTDs saydarsa da saydrisasaqonebelsa malviTa anu cxadad cecxli Seudvas, dawuas ra ginda ra, cxadadgamoCndes, saydris patiJad ocdaTormeti aTasisa TeTrisa dauurvos.da krul da wyeul da SeCuenebul iyavn, da cudmca ars mosaHsenebeli suli daHorci misi amas sofelsa da mas saukunosa dausabamoQsa RmrTisa madliTa dakanonsa queSe ars wmidaTa mociqulTasa. 516516qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I., 1963, gv. 425-473.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli189caiS-bediis Sekreba (1470-1474 ww.)XV s-is bolos saqarTveloSi Camosulaantioqia-ierusalimis patriarqimixeili, misTvis umaspinZlia bedielcaiSelepiskopos ioakimes, mefe bagrats,dadian-guriel Samadavlas, sxvaerisTavebs, didebulebs, aznaurebs. sayovelTao,saqveyno saWiroebisaTvis antioqielpatriarqs Zegliswerac dautovebia,romelsac boloSi `biWvintisRvTismSoblisa saWeTmpyrobeli kaTalikozis~beWedi azis. amitomac undavifiqroT, rom antioqia-ierusalimis patriarqismixeilis Camosvlisas moxdaSekreba episkoposebisa, miT umetes, romam dros axali kaTalikosic ukurTxebiaT,rac, cxadia, episkoposTa SekrebisgareSe ar moxdeboda, amitomac maT Tav-Seyras SeiZleba `kreba~ uwodiT.zogierTi istorikosis TvalsazrisiT,antioqielma patriarqma xeli daasxaafxazeTis kaTalikoss, akurTxa igi daamiT TiTqosda qarTuli eklesiis wiaRidangamoyo lixT-imereTis (afxazeTis)sakaTalikoso. am Tvalsazrisis gaziarebaar SeiZleba. saqme isaa, rom rogorcantioqieli patriarqis XV s-Si saqar-TveloSi Camosvlamde, ise mas Semdegac,afxazeTis, anu dasavleT saqarTvelossakaTalikoso yovelTvis iyo qarTulieklesiis erT-erTi cocxali da Zlierinawili. mis mrevls warmoadgendnen dasavleTsaqarTveloSi mcxovrebi qarTvelebi,romelnic mterTagan SedarebiT daculobisgamo, mtkiced inarCunebdnenZvel-qarTul adaTebs, wesebsa da Cveulebebs.am sakaTalikosoSi mudam, vidreXIX s-mde, ruseTis mier saqarTveloseklesiis avtokefaliis gauqmebamde, wir-va-locvis, RvTismsaxurebis erTaderTiena iyo qarTuli ena. afxazeTis kaTalikosebimudam qarTvelebi iyvnen iseve,rogorc episkoposebi da cxadia, mrevlic.sabuTebi, sigelebi, gujrebi, warwerebimxolod da mxolod qarTuladiyo Sedgenili.Cvenamde moRweulia gvarebi afxaze-Tis kaTalikosebisa, romelnic zeobdnenantioqieli patriarqis mixeilis Semdeg,yvelas gvari qarTulia, yvelani qarTulieklesiis cnobili moRvaweni arian,maT Sesaxeb da maTi xeliT Sedgenilimravali dokumentia moRweuli, esenia:malaqia abaSiZe (1519-1532), evdemon CxetiZe(1557-1578), eqvTime I sayvareliZe(1578-1605), malaqia gurieli (1616-1639),maqsime maWutaZe (1639-1657), zaqariaqvariani (1657-1660), simon CxetiZe (1660-1666), evdemon II sayvareliZe (1666-1669),eqvTime II sayvareliZe (1669-1673), daviTnemsaZe (1673-1696), grigol lorTqifaniZe(1696-1742), germane wulukiZe,besarion erisTavi (1742-1769), iosebbagrationi, maqsime abaSiZe (1776-1795)da sxvebi. arc erTi maTgani ar kurTxeulaucxo patriarqis mier, ase rom,antioqieli patriarqis mixeilis mierafxazeTis kaTalikos ioakimes kurTxevas,Tu es namdvilad ase moxda, arSeuzRudavs dasavleT saqarTvelos saka-Talikosos TavisTavadoba _ avtokefalia,sxva, romelime ucxo eklesiissasargeblod, araviTari zegavlena armouxdenia am mxriv mis kanonikur mdgomareobaze.SesaZlebelia ucxo patriarqmamixeilma monawileoba miiRo bedieliepiskoposis (ioakimes) kaTalikosad


190 mitropoliti anania jafariZekurTxevaSi, anda xeli Seuwyo mas, raTadaeWira sakaTalikoso taxti. cxadia,yovelive es ar amcirebs ucxo patriarqismier saqarTvelos eklesiis sawinaaRmdegodmimarTul qmedebas, romelickargad aqvs gamokvleuli iv. javaxiSvils.igi wers: `saqarTvelos swveviaantioqiisa da ierusalimis patriarqi mixeili,Cveni qveyana Cveuli iyo am ucxoqveynelmRvdelmTavarTa stumrobasa dakalmasobas, Tavis mogzaurobis gasamar-Tleblad da fulebis datyuebis gasaadvileblad,Tanac saqarTvelos Tavisimudmiv Semosavlis wyarod qcevisaTvisierusalimel-antioqieli patriarqebicdilobdnen mTeli TavianTi yofaqcevisaTviskanonieri safuZveli moeZebnaT.gankerZoebis momxre mefe-mTavrebi saqar-TveloSi sargeblobdnen am mRvdelmTavrebismogzaurobiT TavianTi miznebisgansaxorcieleblad~. 517CamosvlisTanave mixeili Tavis saqmesSesdgomia: `iqna gamoZieba da mokiTxvagujarTa, davTarTa da iadgarTa, viTarigi pirvelad qarTlisa da afxazeTisakaTalikozni antioqiisa patriarqisaganikurTxebodian~, _ wers antioqieli patriarqi.518 maSasadame, am ucxoel patriarqsdauwyia qarTul saeklesio sabuTebSimasalis moZieba imis dasamtkiceblad,rom uZveles dros, qarTveli kaTalikosebiantioqiis patriarqisagan ikurTxebodnen.ratom ar moZebna man amis SesaxebberZnuli sabuTebi TviT antioqiasa dasxvagan? Cans, Zebna kidec, magram veraferisaTvismiugnia, marTlac, cnobilia,rom pirdapiri ucxouri wyaroebi qarTulieklesiis ucxour eklesiaze damokidebulebisSesaxeb ar arsebobs, 519 amitomacantioqieli patriarqi iZulebuligamxdara TviT qarTul sabuTebSimoeZebna raime masala. rogorc cnobilia,qarTul wyaroebSi moipoveba nawyvetebiefrem mcires naSromidan qarTulieklesiis odesRac antioqia-ierusalimzedamokidebulebis Sesaxeb. efremmcirem Tavis naSromSi `uwyeba mizezsaqarTvelTa moqcevisasa~ gamoiyena berZnuliwyaroebi, magram, rogorc gamokvleuligvaqvs, efrems ucxouri cnobebi,romelnic exeboda `qvemo iberiis~ eklesias,miuCnevia zogadad qarTul, anu`iberiis~ eklesiis Sesaxeb daweril cnobad.saqme isaa, rom ucxoelebi `qvemoiberiis saarqiepiskoposos~ uwodebdnendasavleT saqarTvelos (afxazeTis) eklesias,xolo zemo iberiis saarqiepiskopososaRmosavleT saqarTvelos (qarTlis)sakaTalikosos. efremis am naSromidannawyvetebi Sesuli iyo sxvadasxvasaeklesio sabuTSi, swored maTTvis miugniapatriarq mixeils da ucdia gamoeyenebinaTavis sasargeblod. `cxadia, TurisTvis dasWirdeboda es cnoba mixeilpatriarqs. mas undoda am Zveli damokidebulebiTesargebla, igi antioqiismRvdelmTavarTa saqarTvelos eklesiazebatonobis ganaxleba-aRdgenaze ocnebobdaukve, rodesac mas cnoba xelT eqneboda,maSin gulubryvilo xalxs ufroadvilad daarwmunebda, rom saqarTveloseklesiis Sinaur saqmeebSi Carevis uflebahqonda da rogorc `JamTa siZvelisaganda soflisa siveragisagan iyvnes mravalniwesni SeSliT da gardaqceviT. 520 viTomcamgvaradve qarTuli eklesiis TviTmwyemsobada damoukidebloba ukanono da `SeSlil~wesad undoda gamoecxadebina~. 521517iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani, t. III, 1982, gv. 337; 518 `mcnebai sasjulo~, qarTuli samarTlisZeglebi, III, gv. 222; 519 a. jafariZe, saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, 1996, 315-325; 520 samarTlis Zegl., III, gv. 222; 521 iv. javaxiSvili, III, gv. 337.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli191`vakurTxeT kaTalikozi iovakim, marjvenaierusalimisa afxazeTis kaTalikozida kurTxeulmca ars, davayeneT da davsviTyovelTa qristianeTa lixT-amerisa,odiSisa, guriisa da afxazeTisa...vakurTxeT~, 520 wers mixeil patriarqi.araa SemTxveviTi, rom igi mravlobiTricxvSi laparakobs, maSasadame, iovakimeafxazeTis, anu dasavleT saqarTveloskaTalikosad akurTxa ara marto man,aramed sxvebmac. vis hqonda ufleba kaTalikosiskurTxevisa? avtokefalur eklesiaSi,rogorc aucilebeli wesi, kaTalikoss(e.i. meTaurs) akurTxebs episkoposTakreba mocemuli eklesiisa, sworedamiT gamoixateba am eklesiis avtokefalia.rogorc Cans, dasavleT saqarTvelosepiskoposebi Sekrebilan dagamourCeviaT meTauri, patriarq mixeilski kurTxevaSi monawileoba miuRia.rogorc Cans, ufro adre dasavleTsaqarTvelos (afxazeTis) kaTalikosiskurTxevaSi aqtiur monawileobas iRebdaqarTlis kaTalikosi, romelsacagreTve hqonda tituli `saqarTvelospatriarqisa~. axla ki igi axali kaTalikosiskurTxevaze ar miuwveviaT, andaver Casula. maSasadame, mixeilis drosafxazeTis sakaTalikosom TavisTavadobaki ar dakarga antioqiis sasargeblod,aramed man ufro aimaRla Tavisidamoukidebloba qarTlis kaTalikosis mimarT.afxazeTis erTi kaTalikosis sabu-Ti, romelsac qvemoT moviyvanT, uCvenebs,rom im dros qarTul eklesiaSic dawyebulaigive procesi, romelic ukve dawyebuliiyo qveyanaSi _ danawevrebadamoukidebel administraciul erTeulebad.aRsaniSnavia, rom garkveul dromdeimereTisa da kaxeTis mefeebi iCendnenara separatizms, am sityvis klasikurigagebiT, aramed, piriqiT, surdaT centralurixelisufleba maT xelSi gadasuliyo,TavianT Tavs `imereTis~ an `kaxeTis~mefeebs ki ar uwodebdnen, aramedsruliad saqarTvelos kanonier mefeebadwarmoaCendnen Sesabamisi srulititulaturiT: `mefe afxazTa, qarTvel-Ta, ranTa, kaxTa~ da a.S. kuTxur-regionalurpolitikur erTeulTa meTaurebiTavianT Tavs miiCnevdnen sruliadsaqarTvelos mefeebis kanonier memkvidreebad,maSasadame, maTSi arsebobda survilisaqarTvelos erTianobisa, oRondTavianTi meTaurobiT. msgavsi procesiyofila dasavleT saqarTvelos (afxaze-Tis) sakaTalikosoSic. afxazeTis kaTalikossara gamoyofa surda saqarTveloseklesiidan, aramed miiswrafoda,rom mas mikuTvneboda `sruliad saqarTveloskaTalikos-patriarqis~ tituli, esCans 1712 wels Sedgenil SewirulobiswignSi `kaTalikos grigol lorTqifaniZisabiWvinTisadmi~, am sabuTSi afxaze-Tis kaTalikosi Tavis Tavs `sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTalikoss~ uwodebs, ker-Zod, sabuTs boloSi azis beWedi aseTiwarweriT: `grigol mwyemsi qristes mieryovlisa saqarTvelosa kaTalikozi~. 522aqedan aSkarad Cans, rom afxazeTis(dasavleT saqarTvelos) eklesia ara Tugamoeyo qarTul eklesias, piriqiT, sworedmas miaCnda WeSmarit qarTul eklesiadTavisi Tavi, xolo misi saWeTmpyrobeli`yoveli saqarTvelos kaTalikozad~.marTalia, administraciuli TvalsazrisiTqarTlisa da afxazeTis sakaTalikosoebiTavisTavadni iyvnen, magramar unda daviviwyoT analogiuri SemTxvevebimsoflio eklesiaSi. magaliTad,522qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, gv. 1970, gv. 675.


192 mitropoliti anania jafariZeberZnul eklesiaSi arsebobs erTmane-Tis mimarT sruliad avtokefaluriberZnuli sapatriarqoebi (konstantinopolis,aleqsandriis, ierusalimis), saarqiepiskoposoebi(eladis, kviprosis), damaT garda arsebobs agreTve avtonomiuriberZnuli saeklesio erTeulebi (Tesalonikis,aTonis) da sxv. analogiurimdgomareobaa somxur eklesiaSic.sulieri TvalsazrisiT erTian da mTliansomxur eklesiaSi arsebobdnen erTmane-Tis mimarT avtokefaluri sapatriarqoebida sakaTalikosoebi (magaliTad, aRvanqis,anu albaneTis sakaTalikoso, daarsdaVI-VIII ss-Si, iarseba 1813 wlamde),ierusalimis sapatriarqo (somxuri),daarsda VI s-Si, gamoeyo centralursomxur sakaTalikosos 1311 wels, arsebobsamJamadac, aRTamaris sakaTalikoso(1113-1895), kilikiis sakaTalikoso(arsebobs 1446 wlidan dRemde), konstantinopolissapatriarqo (somxuri,arsebobs 1461 wlidan), Tu ra Tqmaunda, aRaras vityviT eCmiaZinis sapatriarqoze.zemoT moyvanilidan gamomdinare,yovelgvar safuZvelsaa moklebuli gancxadebaimisa, TiTqosda antioqiis patriarqismixeilis qmedebaTa Sedegad `afxazeTisqarTuli eklesiis TviTmwysobisufleba Seilaxa, damoukidebloba moispoda ierusalim-antioqiis patriarqisxelqveiTi Seiqmna~. 523 es araswori mosazrebaa.antioqieli patriarqis mixeilisCamosvlis Semdeg, rogorc iTqva,dasavleT saqarTvelos sakaTalikoso ardamorCilebia ierusalim-antioqiis sapatriarqos,misi TavisTavadoba da TviTmwysobisufleba ar SezRudula. XV-XVIII ss-is uamravi dokumenti da masala,romelic afxazeTis sakaTalikosodanaagamosuli, anda mas exeba, niSanwyalsacki ar Seicavs imisa, rom es sakaTalikosoierusalim-antioqiis sapatriarqosadmiadaqvemdebarebuli. erTaderTi wyaro,romelic TiTqosda aseTi mosazrebisgamoTqmis nebas iZleva, aris Cveni gansaxilveli`mcnebaY sasjuloY~, romelic,rogorc Cans, Zvel saqarTveloSiganixileboda ara viTarca iuridiuli,aramed istoriuli xasiaTis dokumenti.ase, magaliTad, Tuki e.w. `kaTalikozTasamarTals~ samoqmedo iuridiuli xasiaTisdokumentad miiCnevdnen Semdgomidrois kaTalikosebi da mas `ganaaxlebdnen~kidec, e.i. mis Zalmosilebas TavianTixelis moweriT da kvlav xelaxlaamtkicebdnen, `mcnebaY sasjuloYs~ xelsarc erTi imdroindeli episkoposi daarc erTi Semdegi drois kaTalikosi arawers. am dokuments erTi xelismowerabeWediazis, albaT, kaTalikosad axalnakurTxiiovakimesi.zemoT moyvanilidan gamomdinare, arcaseTi gancxadebaa swori: `am saqcieliTpatriarqma mixeilma, bagrat mefem dadadian-gurielma Samadavlam qarTvelieris saukeTeso SvilTa da mTeli xalxismier saukuneTa brZoliT monapovari,qarTuli eklesiis Tavisufleba mospesda gaanadgures~. 524qarTuli eklesiis Tavisufleba mar-Tlac qarTveli eris saukeTeso SvilTasaukunovani brZoliT miRweuli monapovaria,magram misi SebRalva, sabednierod,ver SeZlo antioqielma patriarqmamixeilma, Tumca ki, rogorc Cans,mas didi survili da mizanswrafvac hqonia,rac gamomJRavnebulia imave dokumentSi_ `mcnebaY sasjuloYSi~. ker-523iv. javaxiSvili, Txzulebani, III, gv. 338; 524 iqve, gv. 338.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli193Zod, mixeils SeuTxzavs Teoria saqarTveloseklesiis mTlianobis dasarRvevad.sxvaTa Soris, am Teorias amJamadac siamovnebiTimeorebs qarTuli eklesiis istoriisgadmocemisas ara erTi piri,Tumca ki, cxadia, yovelgvari winaswarganzraxvisgareSe. es Teoria SemdgomSimdgomareobs – TiTqosda wm. andria mociquliganmanaTlebelia ara sruliadsaqarTvelosi, aramed mxolod misi dasavleTinawilisa, amgvaradve wm. nino ganmanaTlebeliaara sruliad saqarTvelosi,aramed mxolod misi aRmosavleTinawilisa (qarTlisa). es Teoria, rogorcaRiniSna, XV s-Si SeTxza patriarqmamixeilma, Zvel saqarTveloSi ki amisSesaxeb sxvagvari mosazreba hqondaT. iv.javaxiSvili wers: `...giorgi mTawmidelida gansakuTrebiT efrem mcire, ruisurbnisis1103 wlis saeklesio krebisyvela sulisCamdgmeli da nikoloz kaTalikosiamtkicebdnen, rom andria mociqulmaiqadaga `yovelsa queyanasasaqarTveloYsasa~, xolo SemdegSi daviwyebuliqristianoba kvlav aRadgina wm.ninom, romlis saswaulmoqmedebam daqadagebam `miizida yoveli savseba yovlisaqarTvelTa naTesavisa~. 525 nikolozkaTalikosic wm. ninos saerTo mociquladda ganmanaTleblad miiCnevda `CuenqarTvelTaYsa~. 526 erTi sityviT, andriamociqulica da wm. ninoc saerTo qarTulieklesiis damaarseblad da mTeli qarTvelieris ganmanaTleblad iyvnen cnobilni.saqarTvelos sxvadasxva nawilisaTviscalke mqadageblebis arsebobis azri dagamoZebnis survili ara hqoniaT, radganisini mTliani da ganuyofeli saqarTvelosganmtkicebisa da aRorZinebisaTvisiRvwodnen. antioqiel-ierusalimeli patriarqimixeili swored am qarTvel saxelovanmecnierTa mier Seqmnilsa damTeli qarTveli erisagan SesisxlxorcebulSemecnebas spobda~. 527qarTvelTa fsiqikuri erTobis am erTerTigamoxatulebisaTvis safuZvlisgamoclas Turme patriarq mixeilTanerTad qarTveli didebulebic uwyobdnenxels, rogorc aRniSnavs iv. javaxiSvili,es mas gasaocar saqmed miaCnia.masve gamorkveuli aqvs T. Jordaniasada s. kakabaZis Sromebze dayrdnobiT,rom `mcnebaY sasjuloY~ dawerili undaiyos 1470-1474 wlebSi. amis safuZvelsiZleva is, rom ZeglSi moxseniebuliSamadavla `bediani~ gaxda 1470 welsda 1474 wels ki gardaicvala. im droisaTvisdasavleT saqarTveloSi arsebobdasamTavro `sabedianos~ saxelwodebiT,mis mTavars `bediani~ erqva. `mcnebaYsasjuloYdan~ Cans, rom bediani didierisTavT-erisTavi Samadavla `dadian-gurieli~yofila, maSasadame, mas samegrelosgarda, guriac sWeria. SeiZlebavifiqroT, rom am samTavros dedaqalaqibediaSi iyo. Cans, episkoposTa Sorisdedaqalaqis, e.i. bediis episkoposi yvelazemetad gandidebula da mas pretenziaganucxadebia dasavleT saqarTvelos(afxazeTis) sakaTalikoso taxtze. amsaqmeSi mas, rogorc aRvniSneT, antioqielimixeili daxmarebia, caiSelbedieliiovakime kaTalikosi gamxdara.Cans, kaTalikosobis drosac misi ZiriTadisamyofeli ara biWvinTaSi, aramedsamTavros karze, e.i. bediaSi iyo. Tvi-Ton `mcnebaY sasjuloY~ miuTiTebs,rom namdvili afxazeTi, sadac biWvin-Ta mdebareobs, im droisaTvis sarwmunoebrivkriziss ganicdida. patriarqi525ruis-urbnisis Zeglis wera, qronikebi, II, gv. 58; 526 saswaulni sveticxovelisa, iqve, gv. 40-43,69; 527 iv. javaxiSvili, t. III, gv. 340.


194 mitropoliti anania jafariZemixeili amitomac miuTiTebda: `afxazebiqristianobisagan sruliad midrekiliyvnes, qristes mcnebaTagan ganSorebuliyvnes~. 528 aRniSnulTa gamo unda vifiqroT,rom mixeili miiRes ara biWvin-TaSi, aramed mterTagan ufro daculqalaqSi, Cans, bediaSi. albaT, aqve aiyvanessakaTalikoso taxtze iovakime,krebac aqve unda Catarebuliyo. cxadia,afxazeTis sakaTalikoso mxolod sabedianosar moicavda, aramed srul dasavleTsaqarTvelos, `mcnebaY sasjuloY-Si~ gadmocemulia misi iurisdiqciissazRvrebi: `lixTa amerisa, Woroxs aqaT,ovseTsa aqaT, zRvaY pontoYsa aqaT, sadadidi biWuintisa sazRvari miawevs~. 529maSasadame, afxazeTis sakaTalikoso farglavdateritorias Savi zRvidan lixismTamde, Woroxidan kavkasiis qedamde. esiyo sruliad dasavleTi saqarTvelo. `lix-Ta-ameri, odiSi, guria, afxazeTi~ _rogorc es Zeglidan Cans.am droisaTvis, rogorc aRniSnuliiyo, saqarTvelos daSla-danawevrebas,politikur urCobas, Tan daerTo xalxiszneobrivi dacema. aseT dros rogorcsasuliero, ise saxelmwifo moRvaweebsesaWiroebodaT msoflio qristianobisburjTagan Semweoba da daxmareba. amitomac,cxadia, siamovnebiTa da sixaruliTmiiRes antioqiel-ierusalimeli patriarqi,romelmac `mcnebaY sasjuloY~misca maT. ierusalim-antioqiis avtoritetixalxs zneobriv daxmarebas uwevda.`kanonikuri epistoles xasiaTi aqvsim `sasjulTa mcnebas~, romelic XV s-Si miucia afxazeTis sakaTalikososTvisantioqia-ierusalimis patriarqs mixeils...mcnebaSi gaTvalisiwinebulia Semdegi muxlebi:1. `uxvedri an ukanono qorwineba~...2. `mruSoba~... 3. `marxvis Sereva~...4. `uqmeTa darRveva an axlis SemoReba~...5. `mRvdelmsaxurTa zneobrivi Tvisebanida movaleobani~... 6. `adamianis mkvleloba~...7. `samonastro da saeklesiomamulebis mitaceba~... 8. `saeklesio kanonebisada samRvdeloebisadmi morCileba~. 530TviTon antioqieli patriarqi `mcnebaYsasjuloYSi~ aRniSnul kanonikur muxlebisCamoTvlas iwyebs mimarTviT mrevlisadmi:`ese qarta-werili TqvenTvisaRvwere~. imdroindeli saqarTvelos sazogadoebadaavadebuli iyo urCobisseniT. urCoba iyo ZiriTadi mizezi qveyanaSiarsebuli politikur-zneobriviqaosisa. amitomac `qarta-werilis~ muxlebSi,SeiZleba iTqvas, ZiriTadiyuradReba eTmoba morCilebas. magaliTad,i. doliZis dayofiT, me-8 muxli aseTia:`aw Svilno Zmano da mamano gauwyebT dagamcnebT: vinca da ramanca kacman qristianemananu didman da anu mciremanpatronsa uRalatos, anu usamarTloduorgulos, qriste RmerTi da sjuliuaruyvies. egreTve usamarTloY orgulimeoreman nu Seiwynaros~. 531 sxva mravalimuxli eZRvneba patronis, qveynis,mRvdelmTavrisadmi morCilebas. am mxriv,uTuod Tavis droisaTvis didad sasargeblokanonikuri xasiaTis Semcvelia gansaxilveliZegli, romelic, Cans,drodadro ivseboda an icvleboda kidec.magaliTad, masSi uqme dRis darRvevadaamiCneuli paraskevs `miwis areva~,`es ukanaskneli SeniSvna unda iyos Semdegidrois interpretacia, osmalTa zegavleniTCadenili~. 532 aqve `marxvis Serevadaa~miCneuli `alajoris~ marxvis528qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, gv. 222; 529 iqve, gv. 223; 530 k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTuliliteraturis istoria, I, gv. 568; 531 q.s.Z., III, gv. 225; 532 k. kekeliZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 568.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli195darRveva, `alajori~ somxuri eklesiispraqtikaSi miRebuli marxva iyo, amitommisi moxvedra `mcnebaY sasjuloYSi~ gaocebasiwvevs da aRZravs fiqrs, natyuaranda saxecvlil ZeglTan xom ar gvaqvssaqme? yovel SemTxvevaSi, Zegli erTraimes ueWvelad gviCvenebs, XV s-is70-ian wlebSi qarTul saeklesio centralizebulerTobas bzari Seepara.antioqiel patriarqs ki amisaTvis xeliSeuwyia, dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiasadministraciuli damoukideblobamoupovebia qarTlis (mcxeTis) sapatriarqosagan.magram sabolood antioqielpatriarqs miznisaTvis ver miuRwevia.marTalia, SesaZloa, amis Semdeg dasavleTsaqarTvelos kaTolikosis kurTxevaSimcxeTeli patriarqis neba Sesustda,magram saeklesio-zneobrivi urTierTdamokidebulebaor qarTul sakaTalikososSoris ar darRveula. amas miu-TiTebs e.w. `kaTalikosTa samarTali~,romlis SemuSavebaSic saqarTvelos orivekaTalikosi monawileobda.`mcnebai sasjuloi~[1470-1474 ww.]mcnebaQ ese sasjuloQ, urwmunoTa momaqcevelida morwmuneTa ganmamtkicebeli da ganmamHnobeli,yovelTa qristianeTaTvis movlenili zecisa qalaqisa ierusalimisaganda caTa mobaZvisa antioqiisa[c]is mbadisagan arsTa yovelTa RmrTisa mamisa, Zisa da sulisa wmidisaTa,romeli Cuenisa xsnisaTvis caTa kamaraTagan ganzraxDTa mamisaTa Hsnisa CuenisaTDsgardamoxda. da saSoQ qalwulisa daimkDdra da iSva uqcevelad da iHsnna qmnilnixatad pirisa misisani qalwulisagan uqorwinebulisa iSva da daiTminna mizezni dayuedrebaQ, kicxevaQ, basrobaQ, jvarcmaQ da daflvaQ. guerca laxuriTa mowylulmanaRmogDcena ukvdavebaQ, romelsa Suenis didebaQ da pativi dausabamoQT TanamamiT, ZiT da suliT wmidiTurT.[da] viTar ineba da igulsmodgina man, arsebiT miuwdomelman, da RmrTaebiTmmarTebelman sjulisa qristeanobisaman, da uxrwnelad da ubiwod mSobelman misman,da madlman zecisa qalaqisa ierusalimisaman da caTa mobaZvisa antioqiisaman,da movivline RmrTisa mier me, yovelTa narCevi, ierusalimisa da antioqiisapatriarqi mixael, moviwie didsa mas qristes samwysosa, mazebelsa ierusalimisasa,saqarTvelosa.


196 mitropoliti anania jafariZeviTa saTanado ars mefeTa, dadianTa, aTabagTa, erisTavTa, amilaxorTa, didebulTa,aznaurTa da yovelTa qristes sjulisa mosavTa morwmuneTagan mokiTxuaQ,ganages mokiTxua sjulisa, saydarTa, monasterTa, omforisa da kaTalikoz-ebiskoposTa.da moikiTxes, ZueliT vidre axladmde, RmrTivgDrgDnosanman bagrat da didmanerisTavTerisTavman dadian-gurielman Samadavla, misTa TavadTa TanadgomiTa dadidad RmrTisagan saTnod gamorCeulisa, pativ sarveiTanisa (/) RmerT-Semosilisa[caiSel] - bedielisa iovakimisa.iqmna gamoZiebaQ da mokiTxvaQ guarTa, davTarTa, da iadgarTa, da viTar-igipirvelad qarTlisa da afxazeTisa kaTalikozni antioqiisa patriarxTaganikur[T]xeodian, da JamTa siZuelisagan da s[o]flisa siverageTagan iyunes mravalniwesni SeSliT da gardaqceviT, vnaxeT da SevemTxDen madlsa, viTarca meufisa,caiSel-bediel mTavarebiskopozisa iovakimisTa.nebiTa da SewevniTa RmrTisaTa, da didisa da caTa mobaZavisa ierusalimisamadliTa, da caTamdis maRlisa kaTolike saydrisa antioqiisa RmrTismSobelisameoxebiTa, vakurTxeT kaTalikozi iovakim, marjuenaQ ierusalimisa, afxazeTisakaTalikozi da kurTxeulmca aris, davayene[T] da davsviT afxazeTs, saydarTamaT andria mociqulisaTa, yovelTa qristianeTa lixT-amersa, odiSisa, guri[i]sada afxazeTisa. yovelTa urCTa da RmrTisa ara nebismyofelad myofTaTDsmomaqc[e]velad vakurTxeT.da urCqmnil iyunes yovelni, da viTa saTnoebani ugulebels-eyunes ebiskopoz-Ta da moZRuarTa, mRdelTa da diakonTa, berTa da erTa, didad eSroma mas,marj[ue]nasa ierusalimisasa, kacsa RmrTisasa iovakims. da afxazeTi qristeanobisagansruliad midrekil iyunes, qristes mcnebaTagan ganSorebul iyunes.aw gamovnaxeniT Zuelini Sromani wmidaTa nikelTa mamaTagani da, viTarca [saT]noQars sjuli RmrTisa, egreT morCil eqmeniT saTnod RmrTisagan gamorCeulsa, vi-Tarca mociqulsa pavles da andrias damorCildiT, ismneT, moiqeciT da SeinaneT.da saTno eyveniT RmerTsa mefeni simarTliTa mefobisaTa, siwmidiT, mowyalebiTa,mSvidobiTa siyuarulisaTa. Tavadni simarTlesa bWobdiT, siwmidiTdaicveniT Tavni Tquenni, obolni da qurivni SeiwyaleniT, viTarca ityDswinaswarmetyueli daviT - “oboli da qurivi Seiwyale da gzaQ codvisa araiyos Sen Tana”. da viTarca gamcnos [m]qadagebelTaman wmidaTa mociqulTaman,egreT ganmxndiT.da ebiskopozi lixTa amerisa, Woroxsa aqaT, ovseTsa aqaT, zRuaQ pontoQsaaqaT, sada didisa biWuintisa samzRvari miawevs, ebiskopozni ama ierusalimisamarjuenisagan kaTalikozisagan ikurTxeodin, [da miiRebdiT] kurTxevasa; da qadagebasamissa [ismen]diT; jer-iyveniT da nu urC-eqmnebiT, raTa ikurTxneT marjuenisaganRmrTisa.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli197aw mamano, Zmano da Svilno! qristes saflavisa marjuena, lixT-amerisa daafxazeTisa kaTalikozi iovakim qristeanobis sjulisa mamagrebelad da damamtkicebeladvakurTxeT, sjulisa da merjuleTa ufros da uxucesad vakurTxeT me,didisa da caTa mobaZvisa antioqiisa da ierusalimisa patriarqman mixail.da ese qarta-werili TquenTDs aRvwere.1. qristes moyuareno, mamano da Zmano, visca qriste RmerTi giyuars da sjulsaqristeanobissa morCilebT, kaTalikozisagan kurTxevas miiRebdeT. da vinca guliTamorCiliTa miiRoT kurTxevaQ kaTalikozisagan da morCil eqmneT, didisa misdausabamoQsa mamisa, Zisa da sulisa da didisa mis sapatriarqosa, caTa mobaZaviierusalimisa da antioqiisa madliTa kurTxeul iyveniT ama sofelsa xorciTa dasaukunosa _ suliTa; da maT sjulisa damamtkicebelTa SDdTa krebaTa madliTa, daoTxTa mqadagebelTa maxarebelTa madliTa, suliTa da xorciTa TaviTa da SvilTaSviliTi Svilamde, vidre ukunisamde amin iyavn.2. vinca sjulisa msajulisa qristessa da qadagebulsa mona[Ta mi]sTasa urCeqmnaT, kurTxevisa wil moDdis Tquenda wyeva igi sodomisa da gomorisa; iyavndanTqma daTan da abironisi; segrs (sic) numc Seeswrebi dawvasa; zari daeces Tquenzeda guelboQs (sic) maTaebr; iyveniT wyeul, SeCuenebul caTa Sina, queyanasa zeda;krul Tquen da sacxovari Tqueni, saxli, yana, venaxi; sayofelTa TquenTa numcaipoebis mkDdri; caQ risxviT, queyana mwuxarebiT TquenTDs, romelTa ara irwmunoTsityuaQ qartad dawerili ese; daiwyeos nayofi Tqueni, viTarca unayofoQ igileRD; SeiCueneniT viTarca simon mogD, viTarca arioz, romelman ganxia kuarTiuflisa iDQsi; da wyeul viTarca makedonis sulisa wmidisa mgmobari, da evTibiosda apolonios.3. da vinca saydarTa, monasterTa da eklesiaTa mamcrobelni da meuhveni iyvneTda kaTalikozisa brZanebasa urC eqmnaT, viTarca-igi pirvelni xelmwifebani zeciTgardamoiTxines da RmrTisa risxDTa quesknels STaiyarnes, nawili maTi iyos maTTana; iqmnebismca nawilad maTda bneli gareskneli, matli uZili, cecxli uSreti,RrWenaQ kbilTa, tirili, unugeSinicemoQ; sada ars bneli gareskneli aris-mcasamkDdrebelad maTda gamouxsnelad suliTa da xorciTa ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.4. anu mefeTa, anu mTavarTa, anu aznaurTa, anu aznauris SvilTa, anu msaxurTa,anu glexTa, anu mTavardiakonTa, anu diak[o]nTa, anu saxarebaQ diakonTa, anukerZoQ diakonTa, anu moxeleTa, anu xelis mqonebelTa, anu didTa, anu mcireTayovelive urCqmnili wyeul, SeCuenebulmca aris suliTa da xorciTa.5. morCilni sjulisani da Tanamdgomni sarwmunoebisani kurTxeul iyavn ukunisamde.6. Zmano da mamano amisTDs gamcneb da gauwyeb, raTa romeli juars-ecua,daefla, aR[s]dga, igi mxoloQ ufali ieso qriste SeiyuaroT yovliTa guliTaTqueniTa, romelman sisxliTa TDsiTa moiy[i]da adam, naTesaviTurT misiT; da


198 mitropoliti anania jafariZeganhbrwyindeT viTarca mze, naTliTa qristesiTa; saukunod sufevde winaSe RmrTisa;ese sofeli warmaval ars da saukunoQ waruval.aw yovelTa SeiyuareT qristes sjuli da qristeman Tquen Segiyuarnes yovelni.moiqeciT brZanebasa da qadagebulsa qristes marjuenis, lixTa amerisa RmrTisameorisa mociqulis pavles Tanamosagris iovakimisi.7. da vinaiTgan igulsmodgina RmerTman, da jer-iCina Cuenisa xsnisaTDs dasjulisa qristeanobisa damkDdrebisTDs da damtkicebisaTDs, RmrTisa brZanebiTaCuen, didisa caTa mobaZavisa saydrisa antioqiisa da ierusalimisa patriarqmanmixail, nebiTa RmrTisaTa, viTarca ufalman Cuenman ieso qristeman andriasmociqulsa TDTa saufloQTa xeliTa Semosa TDsi sameufoQ bisoni, da akurTxa, awSemdgomad missa vakurTxeT kaTalikozi iovakim da sjulisa da merjuleTa Tavad dauxucesad dagDmtkicebies.da aRiwera qarta ese Cem mier.aw Svilno, Zmano da mamano! gauwyebT da gamcnebT8. vinca da ramanca kacman qristianeman, anu didman da anu mcireman, patronsauRalatos, anu usamarTlod uorgulos, qriste RmerTi da sjuli uaruyofies;egreTve usamarTloQ orguli meoreman nu Seiwynaros.9. vinca da romelman sjulisa da kaTalikozisa urCad uxuedri coli SeirTos,anu svinaQ, anu meyvisi, anu rZali, anu biZis coli, anu xucis colsa codos, anudiakonisa colsa Tana codos, anu mTavar-diakvanisa colsa Tana codos, anuswavlulisa kacisa colsa Tana codos da Seginebulsa sawolsa zeda daawDnos,amaT yovelTa usjuloebaTa moqmedi krul, wyeul da SeCuenebulmca ars suliTa daxorciTa, amin.10. da Tu ar RmrTisa uarismyofelni xarT, mekobresa xucessa moarCobdiT.11. vinca anu dedis-nacualsa, anu dedobilsa Tana codos, wyeul, krul daSeCuenebulmca aw da ukunisamde.12. vinca Zma moklas, qriste RmerTi uaruyofies da nawili maTi aRixocnenukunisamde.13. anu Tvisi da anu sxuaQ moklas, krul, wyeul da SeCuenebulmca ars.14. da romelmanca ikadros mociqulTa marxvaTa oTxSabaT-paraskevTa,romelica xsnili ar iyos da Serios, anu micvalebisa marxva, martvilTa kidevin Wkuianman Serios wueliTa anu xorciTa xsnilTagan kide, krulmca ars caTaSina da queyanasa zeda.15. da romelmanca weliwadTa Sina romelnic uqmni ganuwesebies wmidaTa krebaTada ara isminos da TDsiTa nebiTa uqmobdes, wyeulimca ars wmdaTa krebaTagan.16. vinca Seundoblad dabeWdili kaTalikozisgan da qorebiskopozisagan eklesiagaxsnas, Seundoblad krul, wyeul da SeCuenebulmca ars maTi xucesi da eri maTi.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli19917. romelmanca wmidaTa krebaTgan ganaCeni da ganawesi sjuli magrad aradaiWiros da Secodeba dauwyos, RmerTman wyeviT miagos saqmeTa maTaebr; wyeulimcaars sjulisa uarismyofelTa Tana.18. vinca sjulisa Semcode patronman ar misces ebiskopossa da qorebiskopozsasasjulod ar mianebos da sasjulod mosakiTxavad sofeli ar daanebos, da Zali armisces, ima soflisa codva man gardaiHados da Seundobelmca ars.19. vinca ama mcnebaTa ar dasjerdeT da kaTalikozsa da qristes sjulsa urCeqmnaT,krul, wyeul da SeCuenebul iyaviT RmrTisa dausabamoQsa madliTa, mamisa,Zisa da sulisa wmidisa madliTa, ierusalimisa madliTa, antioqiis madliTa,amin, TaviTa, SviliTa, vidre SviliT Svilamde.20. dammamtkicebelni da sjulisa mamagrebelni, da ieso qristes erTgulni,ebiskoposTa, moZRvarTa, mRdelTa da monazonTa pativiscemelni darjulisa mamagrebelni, obolTa da qurivTa, glaxakTa da davrdomilTa mowyalenida Semweni da Semwynarebelni kurTxeulmca arian caTa Sina da queyanasazeda, suliTa da xorcTa TaviTa da SviliTa, vidre ukunisamde, RmrTisadausabamoQsa piriTa, amin.21. da amasca gamcneb da gauwyebT Svilno da Zmano Cemno vinaTgan RmrTismoyuareni,da erTgulni, RmrTisa marTlmadidebel[n]i, da ZrwoliT da SiSiTTayuanismcemelni WeSmaritad da marTlmadideblobiT aRiarebT da TayuanisscemTsaxelsa mis mosamarTlisa gare Semouwerelsa [da] tkbilsa da mravalmowyalesaRmerTsa dausabamoQsa, mamasa, Zesa da wmidasa [sulsa], nu TanamzraxveleqmnebiT ama ukanasknelisa sicrueTa da siverageTa, aramed morCileqmneniT brZanebasa RmrTisasa.22. viTarca andria mociqulman urwmunoni sarwmunoebad moaqcina da sjulsada sarwmunoebasa zeda daamtkica, mas Jamsa odes qristeman RmerTman Cuenman xsnisaCuenisa da moqcevisaTDs moavlina TDsiTa sameufoTa Sesamosli[Ta], porfirbison-oqrovaniTa,samosliTa el[variT]a da SuqmiuaCrdilebeliTa Semosa da,saxed da [sa]muqfod mociqul, naTlisa maxarobelad kaTalikozad daayena, rameTumisisa brZanebisa qadagebiTa moiqces Temni, qalaqni da queyanani ese CrdiloeTisani,vidre nino qarT[lisa] dedaman moaqcina qarTli, misTa samzRvarTa aqaTwmidaman an[dria mociqulman] naTliTa miuCrdilebeliTa gananaTln[a daganas]unnela yovelni morCilni sjulisani.aw, msgavsad missa, vakurTxeT da davamtkiceT sjulisa Tavad kaTalikoziiovakim, [viTarca] qriste RmerTi Tavi ars eklesiaTa.23. aw, Svilno, Zmano da mamano Cem[no mo]rCil eqmeniT mwyemsisa mis saxierisnacvlad [RmrTisa mier] movlenilsa, raTa marad pirmetyuel[ad sam]wysod


200 mitropoliti anania jafariZegam[o]sCndeT, da SeikribneT baksa zecisa [arvi]zsasa, da ara iqmneT [Se]saWmelmgelTa mZDn[vareTa], da ara SegemTxDos gan[sacde]li, viTarca-igi maSin, romelniu[rC eq]mnnes andria mociqulsa, [romelmanca mouv]lina RmrTisagan mrisx[ane]angelozi da Secvalna [yovelTav]e maT urCTa saxli s[ac]xovari, kaciTgan mipirutyuTamde,vidre moiqceodes.da Semdgomad sarwmu[noebad] moyuanebisa maT[Ta mo]avlina RmerTman angelozi[mSvidob]iTa da wyalobiTa, [da yoveli] naTesavi kacTa naTl[iTa gamouTqmeliTaa]Rivso, saxlni d[a sayofe]lni maTni, keTiliTa mo[uk]lebeliTa. sacxovarn[isimravliTa aR]ivsnes da saukune keTilad [w]ar[e]marTnes, naTliTa aRs[a]v[se]d.24. aw Tquenca gulsm[odgine]biTa, simSDdiT[a da krZaluleb]iTa gulsmodginebiT[aaRmsrulebe]l eqmeniT b[Zanebasa] RmrTisasa da RmrTisa mociqul[isa]meor[is]a, aw, axl[isa ierusalim]isa mamag[rebe]lsa da qristes safl[avisa, dasruliad] lixTa ameris[a da afx]azeTisa kaTalikozs iova]kims.25. da yovelTa Sendoba [da wirv]aQ mi[i]ReT, raTa aqaca [kurTxeul] iyvneTda saukunesca [kurT]xeul giwodos ufalman Cuenman ieso qristeman, dResa masgankiTxvisa da zaris asaxdel[sa, raTa] gamosCnde Zed naTlisad da gangaZliern[esTque]n sarwmunoebasa amas da [mtki]cesa zeda mazebel[isa], aRmasrulebelni dada[m]amtkicebelni, [raTa ara mi]gigos Tualuxavman man, dResa mas didsa zarisasaxdelsa, viTarmed warvediT[T Ce]mgan wyeulno bnelsa [ga]resknelsa da cecxl[sa]uSretsa wyudiadi[sasa]; aramed daiceviT ese mcneba.26. [da romelman a]ra irwmunos da [ar]a gulsmodgined daicva[s] mcneba ese,iyos wyeul da SeCuenebul mamisagan, Zisagan da sulisa wmidisagan, viTarca zemoTweril ars, amin meameneTa, da iyavn wmidaTa angelozTa [mier] ukunusamde daukuniTi ukunisamde.27. aw kualad ismineT ebiskopozTa [da qor]ebiskopozTa viTarca wmidTakrebaTa ganaCines, [egreT] uTnevarad dadegiT, nu vis aTnev, samwysoQ Seni swavliTda magrad daiWireT, raTa meored mosvlvasa TquenTgan ar iTxoos sityDs migeba.28. egr[eTve moZ]RuarTa wesierebiT, qristes siyuaruliTa Tquen, [sam]wysodm[o]wafiT[u]rT, SeiyuareT sjuli qristesi da Tavi TDsi dadev cxovarTa TDsTaTDs,viTarca mwyemsman saxierman, raTa ara yovelTa codva xelTagan SenTaiZios, da ukanasknelTa maT Zrwola da aRmofSDnvasa da daisajo.29. mRdelTa marTalTa nebis-myofelad nu cru-winaswarmetyuel, [aramed]daicevi Tavi Seni siZvisagan, tacebisagan, sixarbisagan, didis sicilisagan, mTuralobisaganda gardarevisagan, romeli ara jer-ars moweseTagan.30. miec ersa umecarsa marxvaQ, raQca wmidaTa krebaTa gaaCines marxvad,miec mtkiced da gautexelad uqmi uqmad, viTa sweria gaCeniT saeklesioTadavTarTa Sigan.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli20131. da romelmanca ebiskopozman, gina qorebiskopozman, anu moZRuarman, ginaxucesman ara guliTa marTliTa daicvas mcnebaQ ese da ersa ara uqadagos sarwmunoebada kaT[a]likozisa brZanebasa zeda momWirned da ZalmicemiT ar idges, krulwyeul da SeCuebulmca ars aw da ukunisamde; krulmca ars RmrTisa dausabamoQsaganT[a]viTa, SviliTa da yovliTa misiTa, raodenica raQ ars sofliTgansaukunodmde ukunisamde.32. da ukeTu vinca mefeTa, TavadTa, aznaurTa da aznaurisSvilTa, moxeleTa,mouravTa, xelisufalTa, didTa da mcireTa, mdidarTa da glaxakTa, yovelTa,[romelTa] ese mcneba, RmrTisa mier wmidaTa krebaTagan ganaCeni, qristes RmrTisamier marTlmadidebelTa sasurveli simtkice da sawadeli, da mwvalebelTaTDssakdemeli sjuli ara aRiaros, ara irwmunos, da mtkiced ar gulsmodginos, damagrad ar ipyras, da sxuaTaca ar uqadagos, krul, wyeul da SeCuenebulmca arsrisxDTa RmrTisa dausabamoQsa mamisa, Zisa da wmidisa sulisaQTa.33. romeli xucesi cudad zRaprobdes, anu cudad metyuelebdes, anu wessaaklebdes samwysoTa sofelTa da queyanaTa, da misisa samrevloQsa codvakaTaliko[z]sa da qorebiskopo[z]sa ar gamoucxados, anu natacebsa col-qmarTagDrgDni ukurTxos, anu iparos, anu uxvedrTa col-qmrTa Sendoba misces, anu misTasamrevloTa marxDsa revaQ uqmisa revaQ Seundos da raQca mRdelobisa saqme SecodebiTdaiWiros, _ wirvisagan aRixocos da wirva misi Seuwiravi iyos, sadamdiskaTalikozisa moxsenebiTa da gagonebiTa ar ganikanonos.34. egreTve, vinca da ramanca kacman monasterTa da saydarTa mamuli moigos,iurvos, anu vin mouravad da mosaqmed Semovides,_krul, wyeul da SeCuenebu[l]RmrTis dausabamoQsa piriTa, SDdTa krebaTa madliTa; numca ixssnebis suliTajojoxeTisagan, nuca wirviTa, nuca glaxakTa micemiTa, nuca ierusalims warslviTa,itanjebodes gamouxsnelad ukunisamde.35. vinca uxuedri coli SeirTos, anu svinasa, anu meyDssa Se[e]xos, anu Zmiscolsa, anu SeirTos, anu biZis coli SeirTos, anu ra ginda uxuedri coliSeirTos kaTalikozisa a[R]uareblad, qristes uarismyofelTa Tanamca ars nawilimisi, aw da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.36. vinca uqmTa weliwadissa da SabaTsa, cxra JamiTgan orSabaTsa ganTenebadmde,scodebdes, da paraskevsa miwas revdes, da wmidaTa krebaTagan ganaCeni uqmnidReni krZalviT da magrad ar Seinaxnes, misTDs ganwesebul ars risxuaQ RmrTisa,matli uZili, cecxli uSreti, RrWena kbilTa, mrisxaneni angelozni mas zeda; daara aqus naSromsa missa baraqaQ; nayofi misi misTDs urgeb.37. kualad vinca Sescodos wmidaTa marxuaTa da xelyos Secodeba, gina oTxSabaT-paraskevTa,gina qristes Sobis marxuaTa, anu RmrTis-mSoblisa micvalebisamarxuaTa, vin ginda Sescodos, gina petres da pavles, romel ars petre-pavlobismarxvaQ, martDlTa reguenTa kide;


202 mitropoliti anania jafariZe38. da vin uxuedri coli SeirTos Seundobeli da kaTalikozisa brZanebiTa argaeyaros da urCad daudges, gina sasjulosa saqmesa zeda Zali ar misces, dausjuloTa Semwe eqmnas, gina meyvisobisaTDs, gina qrTamisaTDs anu SexvewisaTDs;anu marxua[sa] revdes, raQca wmidaTa krebaTa ga[a]Cines amas zeda, magrad arimarxvides marTlad, anu uqmTa revdes, anu marTlad ar Seinaxos da wmidaTakrebaTgan gaCenili Seuracxyos, da kaTalikozisa brZanebasa ara morCilebdes;gina monasterTa damcrobasa moiWirvos TavisTDs gina sxuaTaTDs iurvos, anusxuaTa uurvos, anu mterobisaTDs, anu meorisa moyurobisaTDs, gina qrTamisaaRebisaTvis ra ginda ra gamoaxos gina glexi mosaxle gina saWurWle, gina kaci,gina jogi, gina didi, gina cotaQ, da ar miRma Sematebdes;kaTalikozisa sityuasa da brZanebasa ar damorCildeT, da ese, cneba ara daicvad,da ara guliTa wmidiTa aRiaroT da ZalmicemiT ar daiWirvoT da arairwmunoT, _ gina mefeTa, gina TavadTa, gina didebulTa, gina aznaurTa, ginaebiskoposTa, gina qorebiskopozTa gina moZRuarTa, gina mRdelTa, gina diakonTa,gina msaxurTa, gina glexTa, gina mamaTa, gina dedaTa, gina didTa, gina mcireTa,vin ginda vin es mcneba ar irwmunoT, da kaTalikozsa ar damorCil eqmnas, da viTaese aRwerili mogviTxrobs marxvaTa ganaCensa da esreT ara imarxos;39. weliwadTa Sina oTxSabaT-paraskevi esreT ganixsnebis yovelTa oTxSabaTparaskevTa,viTarca didTa marxv[a]Ta, jer-ars marxvaQ, ukeTu saufloQ dResaswauliara daxudes, anu saCinoTa wmidaTa, romelsa taZarsa Sina Sekrebulni erni dResaswauloben;qristes Soba msgefsamde xsnili ars; migebeba xsnili ars; zadikTa ganzogebaxsnil ars; amaRlebisa wina dRe xsnili ars, oTxSabaT-paraskevi ara; axal kDriakexsnili ars msgefs[a]mde; sulis wmidisa moslvisa msgefsamde xsnili ars; alajorTkviriake da yuelierisa kviriake xsnili ars monozonTaTDs da eriskacTaTDs.amaT gareT oTxSabaT-paraskevi ara ganixsnebis. da romelman ganxsnas, saSinelisatanjuelni ganmzadebul arian maTTDs RmrTisagan, da kanonsa queSe iqmnebianuziarebelni, da eklesias ar SeiSvebis viTarca urCi RmrTisa.egreTve wmidisa giorgisi Tavadi dResaswauli aprilsa ocdasamsa maTTDs xsniliars, vin eklesias mividen. vin ar mivides, ver ganxsnis noenbersa i.da uqmni, werilsa Sina, viTarca saeklesioTa wignTa krebaTgan ganCenilmanamcnos, egreT.40. da vin ori coli erTad SeirTos, gina deda-Svili mama-SvilTa SeirTos,gina ori dani orTa ZmaTa SeirTon, anu vis coli moukudes, colisa asuliSeirTos, anu vin colisa deda, romel ars sidedri, SeirTos, anu meyDsi SeirTos,anu vin coli uxuedri SeirTos, anu vin rZali SeirTos, gina Se[e]xos, gina dobilianu dedobili SeirTos, didman gina mcireman, gina xucesi, bilwi iyos da Seaginosxorcni TDsni sxuasa diacsa Tana, gina mxevali isvas da Jamis-wirvad ikadros, _


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli203vin ese mcnebani da swavlani, sasuliero da saxorcielo, yovliTa gulsmodginebiTada guliTa uyalboQTa da utyuvariTa ara aRiaros, ar daicvas da araSeinaxos, da urC eqmnas ama swavlasa wmidaTa krebaTagan ganaCensa da damtkicebulsa,da kaTalikozsa urC-eqmnas mefeni, gina Tavadni, aznaurni, gina aznaurisSvilni,msaxurni, gina glexni, ebiskopozni, gina qorebiskopozni, moZRuarni, ginamRdelni, gina diakon[n]i, moxeleni xelisufalni, didni gina mcireni, yovelniurCqmnilni wyeul da SeCuenebulmca arian RmrTisa dausabamoQsa piriTa, romelmanSeqmna saukuneni;krulmca ars samkDdrebeli maTi, suli da xorci misi; krul, wyeul da SeCuenebulmcaars saxli samyofi misi;krul, wyeul da SeCuenebulmca ars patiosnisa da cxovelsmyofelisa juarisagan,romelsa zeda ganipyrna uxrwnelni xelni TDsni xsnisaTDs Cuenisa qristemanRmerTman Cuenman;wyeulmca ars wmidaTa zecisa ZalTagan; wyeulmca ars wmidisa iovane naTlismcemelisgan;krul, wyeulmca ars wmidaTa da yovladqebulTa mociqulTagan; krulmcaars SvidTa krebaTgan;wyeulmca ars yovelTa RmrTisa wmidaTagan, romelni saukuniTgan saTno-eyunesufalsa Cuensa ieso qristesa, da awca saTno yofad arian.41. ama mcnebaTa urCqmnilni da Seuracxis-myofelni krul da SeCuenebulmcaarian caTa da queyanisagan, xorciTa da suliTa, TviTa da coliTa, SviliTa daSvilis SviliTa, misiTa erdguliTa;arismca misTDs ese sofeli mokle da usargeblo; arismca coli misi quriv damwuxare, Svilni misni obol, Seryeul da dacvivnebul, viTarca marTueni yornisani;unayofomca ars yana, saTesvi ara ars Teslisa gamomRebel, mamuli misi unayofomcada nu Seikrebs misgan nayofsa;wyeulimca aris misi cxeni, zroxa da yoveli sacxovari; numca epoebis saxlisamisisagan sanugeSinismcemo.krulmca ars Tavi misi mxarTa misTa zeda; krulmca ars, mxarni misni welTamisTa zeda; krulmca ars welni misni TeZoTa misTa zeda; krulmca ars TeZoniwyDlTa misTa zeda; krulmca ars wyDlni misni muxlTa misTa zeda; krulmca arsmuxlni misni koWTa misTa zeda krulmca ars koWni misni ferxTa misTa zeda; kruliaferxi misi miwaTa, adgilTa da samyofTa zeda; krul ars igi adgili misTDs, sadadadgen ferxni misni; krul ars Tualni misni saxedvelad da mxedvelad; krulmcaars piri misi purisa mWamelad, ena metyuelad, xelni saqnelad, ferxni savlelad,guli saqmisa gasagoneblad; krulmca ars igi da misi gasagis[i], misi gasagebelisxvaman miiRos; kruli ars misi sicocxle, kruli ars misi sik[u]dili; krul arsmisi saflavi, sada daeflvis.


204 mitropoliti anania jafariZenumca ixsnebis suliTa da xorciTa, TaviTa da coliTa da SviliTa da yovliTamisiTa gasagebeliTa; numca ixsnebis wirviTa ebiskoposTa da mRvdelTaTa;numca ixsnebis ierusalems waslviTa, nuca locviTa molozonTaQTa, nuca glaxakTamicemiTa, nuca mSierTa ganZRomiTa; ara ra quelis saqme ergos mas; yovelivemcausargebloQ ars misTDs.42. vinca ese mcnebaQ da swavlaQ ara aRiaros, ara irwmunos da ara WeSmaritebiTaRasrulos, iyos nawilad misad, sad ars tanjviT samyofi, qristes uarismyofelTa,bneli wyudiadi, ganunaTlebeli, vaebiT aRsavse, cecxli uSreti, matliuZili, tartarozi, glovaQ unugeSiniscemoQ, da RrWenaQ kbilTa, nisli wyudiadi,saburveli TualTa myofTa fskerTa jojoxeTisaTa; numca ars xsna da gamoxsna maTmier vidre ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin, amin, amin.43. qristianeni marTlmadidebelni, rjulisa mamtkicebelni RmerTman akurTxnes.beWedi: biWvintisa RuTis-mSoblisa saWeT-mpyrobeli k~zi. 533533qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, 1970, t. III, gv. 221-233.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli205biWvinTis saeklesio kreba (1543-1549)Cveni didi mematiane batoniSvili vaxuStiwers XVI s-is bolosa da XVII s-is dasawyisSi Seqmnili viTarebis Sesaxeb:`JamTa amaT Sina iqmna gantevebacolTa, kvla kacTa da idumal tyvisyidva da ujeroni sjulsa zeda mravalniimereTsa Sina. amisaTvis SekrbnenqarTlisa kaTalikosi malaqia, afxazTakaTalikosi evdemon da yovelni episkoposniimereT-odiSisani. xolo episkoposnieseni iyvnen: quTaTeli svimon,genaTeli antoni, Wyondideli, bedieli,moqveli, drandeli filipe, cagerelikozman, xoneli zaqaria, nikorwmindeliioakim, CaiSeli kvirile, amaT ganaCinesmoqmedTa maTTvis jerovani Serisxvani,dawernes da SeaCvenes moqmedni misni,viTarca gauwyebs aRwerili maTi~. 534marTlac, Cvenamde moRweulia qarTulisaeklesio samarTlis Zegli, cnobili`kaTalikosTa samarTlis~ saxeliT,romelSic gadmocemulia XVI s-Si Semdgarisaeklesio krebis dadgenileba: `samarTalikaTalikosTa. q. saxeliTa RvTisaTame, qristes mier kurTxeulman yovlisasaqarTveloYsa patriarqman malaqia,me, qristes mier kurTxeulman afxazeTiskaTalikosman mamaT-mTavarman evdemon,davsxediT da SevkribeniT yovelniepiskoposni afxazeTisani. da didi siymilimovida codvaTa CvenTagan, mravalniuwesoba da ujero saqme Semovida: kaciskvla, kacis syidva, eklesiis krexva dauxvedroba. davideviT sjulis kanoni daCvenica imisagan gamoviReT da raca imisaganar gamoviReviT, Cven Cveni magieriara Segvimatebia ra. da sjulis kanonicaasre brZanebs~. 535am dadgenilebaSi sjulis samarTlismuxlebi damtkicebulia saeklesio krebismier. krebam daloca yoveli aRmsrulebeliam kanonebisa: `vinc es mociqulTada wmidaTa krebaTagan ganwesebulida Cven mier damtkicebuli sjulida wigni gaaTaos kurTxeva RvTisa, ubiwodmSobelisa misisa da wmidaTa krebulTaganda wmidaTa mociqulTa dayovlad wmidaTagan~... 536krebam iqve dakrula araRmsrulebelikrebis dadgenilebebisa: `vinca amwmida krebaTa mociqulTagan ganwesebulida Cven mier damtkicebuli ar Seiwynarosda kaTolikes saydarzed dasmulsawinaaRudges da Cveni mcneba ar daimarxos,krulmca aris caTa Sina da qveyanasazeda wmidaTa krebulTagan, wmidaTamociqulTagan da yovelTa wmidaTagan~. 537kaTalikosTa samarTali, rogorc esZeglis Sesavalidanac Cans, Sedgeniliaara erTi kaTalikosis, aramed sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqisa daafxazeTis kaTalikosis mier, aseve damtkicebabiWvinTis iadgarisa, romelic`kaTalikosTa samarTlis~ damatebad miiCneva,evaleboda qarTlis kaTalikossafxazeTis kaTalikosTan erTad, aqedanCans, rom qarTuli eklesia miuxedavadurTulesi politikuri viTarebisa XVI-XVIII ss-Si, sulierad mTliani iyo.antioqieli patriarqis mixeilisa dasxvaTa mcdelobas, gaeyoT saqarTveloseklesia, mosalodneli Sedegi ar mohyo-534qarTlis cxovreba, IV, 1973, gv. 824; 535 q.s.Z., I, 1963, gv. 393; 536 iqve, gv. 396; 537 iqve, gv. 397.


206 mitropoliti anania jafariZelia. kvlavindeburad mcxeTeli patriarqisavtoriteti dasavleT saqarTvelo-Si maRalia, rasac miuTiTebs Cvengan ganxilulikrebis mier gamocemuli dokumenti.Tumca, isic unda aRiniSnos, romXVI s-is dasawyisidan dasavleT saqarTveloskaTalikosebi ukve iTavisebdnen patriarqistituls. iqamde, rogorc cnobilia,saqarTveloSi kaTalikos-patriarqimxolod erTi iyo, rezidenciiT mcxeTaSi.XVI s-is Semdeg, saqarTvelospolitikur daqucmacebulobas Tavisiasaxva mohyva saeklesio cxovrebaSic.cnobi-lia, rom daSlis Semdeg, qarTlis,kaxeTis, imereTis mefeebi TavianTTavs `sruliad saqarTvelos mefeebs~uwodebdnen (garkveul dromde). amiT isinimianiSnebdnen, rom ar cnobdnen saqarTvelossaxelmwifos daSlas, cdilobdnenmis gaerTianebas piradi meTaurobiT.msgavsadve, dasavleT saqarTvelos kaTalikosebipatriarqis tituliT TavianTTavs sruliad saqarTvelos uzenaes sulierpirvel ierarqad miiCnevdnen, rogorces afxazeTis kaTalikos grigol lorTqifaniZisbiWvinTisadmi miZRvnil Sewirulebiswignis damamtkicebeli beWdiswarweridan Cans: `grigol mwyemsiqristesmier yovlisa saqarTvelos kaTalikozi~(1712 w.). igive kaTalikosi bi-WvinTisadmi sxva Sewirulobis wignSiTavis Tavs `CrdiloeTisa da afxazeTiskaTalikozs~ uwodebs. 538 cnobilia, romZvelqarTul saistorio geografiaSi termini`CrdiloeTi~ da termini `saqarTvelo~identuri terminebi iyo. `CrdiloeTs~(zogjer `aRmosavleTs~) saqarTvelosuwodebdnen. patriarqis titulisminiWebiT, Cans, dasavleT saqarTveloskaTalikoss sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiiskanonier mamamTavrad warmoaCendnen,iseve, rogorc vTqvaT, imereTis mefeebisruliad saqarTvelos mefeebadwarmoaCendnen TavianT Tavs. imereTis mefebagrati 1545 wlis sigelSi Tavis Tavs`mefeTamefes~ uwodebs da `lixT-amerisada lixT-imeris~ cixisTavebs ubrZanebs,daamtkicon mis mier gacemuli sigeli.539 `mefeTamefis~ titulis miniWebiTimereTis mefeebi TavianT Tavs warmoadgendnensruliad saqarTvelos kanoniermefeebad, aseTive politikuri Sinaarsiedo dasavleT saqarTvelos kaTalikos-Ta mier patriarqis titulis miniWebas.SemdgomSi, maT titulaturaSi bolomderCeba es wodeba. magram mainc qarTliskaTalikosebi uzenaes sasuliero avtoritetebadda upirveles mamtkicebelrjulmdeblebad miiCneodnen dasavleTsaqarTveloSic. magaliTad, biWvinTis iadgarSi,romelsac xeli moaweres da TandaTanobiTdaamtkices dasavleT saqarTvelos(afxazeTis) kaTalikosebma: malaqiaabaSiZem (1519-1532), evdemon CxetiZem(1543-1575), efTvimi I sayvareliZem (1578-1605), malaqia II gurielma (1605-1639),maqsime I maWutaZem (1628-1657), zaqariaqvarianma (1657-1659), svimon I CxetiZem(1659-1666), daviT nemsaZem (1667-1682),nabrZanebia imis Sesaxeb, rom, rogorcaRiniSna, es dokumenti unda daamtkicosqarTlis kaTalikosmac: `da Tqvenwmidano mefeno, mRvdelT-mTavarno, afxazeTisada qarTlis kaTalikosno, TqvencaasreT daumtkiceT~. 540 Tumca, zogierTiucxouri wyaro `qvemo iberiis arqiepiskoposs~(ase uwodeben isini afxazeTis kaTalikoss)ufros, uxuces pirvelierarqadmiiCnevs `zemo iberiis arqiepiskoposTan~SedarebiT.538qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, gv. 769; 539 samarTlis Zeglebi, II, gv. 189; 540 iqve, gv. 182.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli207biWvinTis saeklesio krebis miergamocemuli `kaTalikosTa samarTlis~kanonTa teqsti i. doliZis dayofiT Seicavs23 muxls, dalagebulia garkveuliTanamimdevrobiT: 1-li muxli kacisyidva-gayidvas exeba, me-2_6 muxlebieklesiis gatexas, qurdobasa da kaciskvlas, me-7_15 muxlebi episkoposis mierda episkoposis winaaRmdeg Cadenil danaSauls,me-16 muxli _ mefis Ralats,me-17_18 muxlebi _ kaTalikosisa daepiskoposis Seuracxyofas da uRirsimRvdlis kurTxevas, me-19 muxli _ saqmismrudad gamoZiebasa da damnaSavisgasamarTlebas, me-20 muxli saeklesiomamulebis datacebas, 21-e muxli _sjuldebis Sesrulebas, 22-e muxli _rZlis SerTvas da ukanaskneli 23-e muxli_ colis ubralod dagdebas~. 541prof. i. doliZe aRniSnavs _ `kaTalikosTasamarTlis~ mTavari wyaro aris,rogorc es samarTlis wignis SesavlidanCans, `sjulis kanoni~... akad. k.kekeliZem gamoikvlia, rom kaTalikosTakanonebi damyarebulia `didi sjuliskanonze~ da ara eqvTime mTawmidelismier naTargmn `mcire sjulis kanonze~...`kaTalikozTa samarTali~ ar warmoadgenssjulis kanonis ubralo gamokrebas.igi qarTuli saeklesio samarTlisoriginaluri Zeglia, romlis dadgenilebaniqveynis maSindeli yofa-cxovrebissinamdviles asaxaven~. 542kaTalikosTa samarTali mTel saqarTveloSimoqmedi sjuli iyo. masSi araaaRniSnuli saeklesio krebis mowvevisadgili. T. Jordanias azriT, romelicamJamad aRiarebulia, `kaTalikozTa kanonebi~dawerilia XVI s-is pirvel naxevarSi.masSi moxseniebuli imerTa kaTalikosievdemoz unda iyos evdemos I(1549-1578) da ara evdemos II (1666-1669). `kaTalikosTa samarTlis~ xelrTvaSiaRniSnuli quTaTeli mitropolitisvimoni aRsaydrebula 1529 wels,igi ukurTxebiaT biWvinTis taZarSi. 543krebis xelis momweri caiSeli (CiSeli)episkoposi kvirile moRvaweobda leondadianis dros (1533-1571), misi gvariyofila JvaniZe. 544 k. kekeliZis azriT,kreba Catarebula 1543-1549 wlebSi. 545pirveli TariRi (1543) afxazeTis kaTalikosisevdemon I CxetiZis aRzevebiswelia, xolo meore (1549) qarTlis kaTalikosismalaqias gardacvalebisa. `amrigad,kaTalikosTa samarTali SedgeniliaXVI s-is 40-ian wlebSi imereTismefis bagratis dros (1510-1565). 546maSasadame, kaTalikosTa samarTaliSedgenilia im dros, rodesac afxazeTis(imereTis) kaTalikosTa taxti idga bi-WvinTaSi, ufro gvian (1657 w.) taxtiCrdilokavkasiel (afsar-abaz-Cerqez)tomTa Semosevebisa da osmalTa mZlavrobisgamo gadatanil iqna gelaTSi. maSasadame,Tu zemoaRniSnul krebis mowvevisTariRs daveTanxmebiT, kreba Catarda bi-WvinTaSi, sakaTalikoso centrSi, magramarsebobs sxva Tvalsazrisic. vaxuSti batoniSvilsaRniSnuli kreba XVII s-SiCatarebulad miaCnda (daaxl. 1605 w.).Cven veTanxmebiT pirvel daTariRebas,radgan Zeglidanac Cans, rom krebis mowvevisdroisaTvis `kacis syidvas~ jer kidevar hqonia farTo, Ria, daufaravi xasiaTimiRebuli, jer igi ar yofila gadaqceuli`tyveTa syidvad~, romelsac XVIIs-Si ukve daufaravad misdevdnen. vax-541qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, I, 1963, gv. 608; 542 iqve, gv. 608; 543 qronikebi, II, gv. 372; 544 iqve,gv. 414; 545 k. kekeliZe, Zveli qarTuli literaturis istoria, II, 1960, gv. 571; 546 qarTulisamarTlis Zeglebi, II, gv. 605.


208 mitropoliti anania jafariZeuStis da sxva mematianeebs miaCndaT,rom tyveTa syidvam CvenSi daufaravi saxemiiRo rostom mefe-xanis da levan IIdadianis dros. unda iTqvas, rom adamianTagayidvis faqtebis gamomJRavnebisTanave(e.i. XVI s-Si) Cvens wmida eklesias miuRiazomebi, cdila ZirSive aRmoefxvraes mavne codva, magram, qveyanaSi SeqmniliviTarebis gamo, mis cdas obieqturi,mosalodneli Sedegebi ar mohyolia. amZeglidan Cans, rom saqarTveloSi (krebismowvevis epoqaSi) saeklesio samarTlisiurisdiqcias eqvemdebareboda aramarto sasuliero saeklesio saqmeebi,aramed, zogierT SemTxvevaSi, sisxlissamarTlis danaSaulebanic. 547marTalia, im droisaTvis biWvinTaSikrebis mowveva saSiSi iyo (e.i. XVI s-isSuawlebSi), magram is mainc warmoadgendaudides saeklesio centrs da,rogorc Cans, aq, saeklesio dedaqalaq-Si, Sedga ganxiluli kreba.`samarTali kaTalikozTa~[sruli teqsti]q. saxeliTa da R~TisaTa me, qristes mier kurTxeulman yovlisa saqarTvelosakaTalikozman patriaqman malaqia, me, qristes mier kurTxeulman afxazeTis kaTalikozmanmamaT-mTavarman evdemon, davsxediT da SevkribeniT yovelni ebiskopozniafxazeTisani.da didi siymili movida codvaTa CuenTagan, mravali uwesoba da ujero saqmeSemovida kacis klva, kacis syidva, eklesiis krexva da uxvedroba.davideviT sjulis kanoni da Cuenca imisgan gamoviReviT; da raca imisagan argamoviReviT, Cuen Cueni magieri ara SegDimatebia ra.da sjulis kanonica asre bZanebs.[kacis syidvisa ese gavaCineT] 1. q. ramanc kacman kaci gayidos, anu didman, anumcireman, anu Tavadman, anu aznaurman da an glexman, wmidaTa krebulTagan SeCuenebuliyos da ganHdili.rasac kacs marTliT gankiTxviTa da gamoZiebiTa kacis syidva gamoaCndes, Tu iskaci daiHsnas da moiyuanos, missa saydarsa da ebiskoposs dauurvos, ra erTic Zaledvas,damklebis ufalsaca dauurvos.da Tu ver moiyuanos, vin ginda vin iyos, TavadisSvili unda aznaurSvili, undaglexi, maSinc veram saqmem ver iHsnas, ukanonodca ars, - Zelsa mieces.547k. kekeliZe, qarTuli literaturis istoria, I, gv. 571.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli209da vinc qrTami aiRos da ar CamoarCos, SeCuenebul iyos wmidaTa krebulTaganda kanonsamca queSe aris wmidaTa mociqulTasa.q. eklesiis mkrexvelTaTvis ese gangwesebia 2. q. vinc eklesia gatexos da xatiganZarcos ukanonod Zelsa mieces.3. q. vinca eklesias Sigan Sevides da saqoneli gamoitanos, eklesiasa misisaqoneli miezRos da kaci daSavdes.4. q. vinca Zma moklas anu mama, Heli moekueTos da mamulisagan ganvardes.5. q. vinca ubralo kaci moklas anu mgzavri, anu mcveli risame qurdobiT,ganipatijos.6. q. vinca qurdoba qnas, rarigadac pirvelad wesi yofiliyos, isre gardaaHdevinon.q. ebiskopozis saqme ese gagDCenia 7. q. romelic ebiskopozi missa saydarsaganeSoros TDnier ocis dRisa, Tu ar patronisa mizezisa da saqmisaTDs da anusamwysosa Sigan siarulisagan Tavi HelT ara hqondes da anu avad ar iyos, anumissa samwysosa Sigan qorebiskopozsa gauwyuetlad ar aroninebdes da sjulissaqmesa da mRdel-monaznis saqmes da missa samwysosa eklesiebis saqmesa marTladar mwysobdes, ara marTebdes da ar amagrebdes, raca Zal-edvas, mis saydars araSenebdes da ar kazmevdes, anu saydris mamuls ar amagrebdes, da romelmancaebiskopozman, raca sjulis kanonsa Sigan ar eweros, imas gareT anu uxvedrobisada sDnaobisa saqmesa zeda neba darTos da anu sakanono aarTvas, _ SeCuenebul iyoswmidaTa krebulTagan da kanonsamca queS aris wmidaTa mociqulTasa, da misisasaydrisagan eqsoria iqmnas.8. q. romelmanca ebiskopozman diakoni da mRdeli asre akurTxos, rome mar-Talze ar ganikiTxos da anu daviTnisa da msgebsisa da kurTxevanisa kiTxva arSeeZlos, da anu umoZRuro iyos da moZRuari ar ganikiTxos, SeCuenebuli iyos.9. q. romelmanca ebiskopozman sxvis ebiskopozisa Seundobelsa Sendoba misces,anu diakoni da mRvdeli ukurTxos, SeCuenebuli iyos.10. q. romlisac ebiskopozis samwysos Sigan ese iqnebodes, umRdlod da, TuRone ar iyos, umTavardiakunod, eris kacis HeliTa anu ziareba gaegzavnos da anueziaros, xucesi wirvisagan daayenos.11. q. romelman ebiskopozman missa samwysosa Sina ese ikadros da ar moikiTxos,SeCuenebuli iyos.12. q. romlisac ebiskopozisa qorebiskopozi soflis soflamdis da eklesiiseklesiamdis ar mividodes da im eklesiis Sesavalsa kacebsa ar Sehyrides, uqmobasa,naTesaobasa, avgzisobasa, sDnaobasa, marxvis Wamasa marTliT saqmiT ar gamoikiTxvidesda ar marTebdes, SeCuenebuli iyos.13. q. romelica, anu didi anu Tavadi, anu aznauri, anu glexi, ebiskopozsawinaaRudges da marTliTa samarTliTa da gankiTxviT qorebiskopozs sarjulo armoakiTxvinos, SeCuenebuli iyos.


210 mitropoliti anania jafariZe14. q. vincavin ebiskopozsa da missa qorebiskopozsa winaaRmdegoba hkadros,marTliTa gankiTxviTa da gamoZiebiT rjuli ar mohkiTxos patronman, mefemanmisad sisxlad da Secodebad moikiTxos.15. q. romelica ebiskopozi, didi anu mcire, kaTalikozsa samRTosa da sasjulosasaqmezeda, anu saydrisa, anu sjulisa saqme rame daeSaos, marTliTa gankiTxviTada gamowulilviTa raca kaTalikozman swuarTos, ewuarTos da marTalsaweszeda daadges, ara da ar gaugonos da arca iwuarTos, wirvisagan ganikueTos damefem saydrisagan eqsoria qmnas.[mefis Ralatisa asre iqnas] 16. q. visac patronis mefis Ralati gamoaCndes,anu didsa, anu Tavadsa, anu aznaursa, anu visac, marTaliT gankiTxviT da gamowulilviTa,rarigadac wmidaTa krebaTa da wmidaTa mociqulTagan gaCenili iyos dasjulisa kanonsa Sigan eweros, sikudiliT ganipatiJos.[kaTalikozisa da ebiskopozis ginebisaTvis] 17. q. vinc kaTalikozsa da ebiskopozsaaginos da upatiuroba hkadros, rarigadac sjulis kanonSi eweros, imrigadganipatiJos.[uRirsi mRdlis kurTxevisaTvis] 18. q. romelmanca ebiskopozman uRirsi mRdelianu diakoni akurTxos, da anu icodes misi uRirsoba, da anu wirva daanebos, da anuqrTami aarTvas, SeCuenebulimca aris, viTarca sDmon mogD.nurc ebiskopozi, nurc moZRuari da winamZRuari qrTamiT nu daidginebis. amisTDssjulis kanoni asre brZanebs Seundobeli iyos makurTxevelica da kurTxeulica.[mrudad gamokvlevisa da gamarTlebisaTvis]. 19. q. romelmanc kacis msyidvelida eklesiis mtexeli, marTali mrudad gamoikulios da mrudi ganamarTlos,SeuCerebeli iyos.[saydris mamulis gamoxumisaTvis] 20. q. vincavin, didman anu mcireman, saydarsada monastersa mamuli gamoaxuas, anu sofeli, anu venaHi, anu miwa da agari,vincavin [iyos], didi da mcire, SeCuenebuli iyos.[sjulis gamTavebelTa da gardamavalTaTvis] 21. q. vinca es, mociqulTa dawmidaTa krebaTagan ganwesebuli da Cuen mier damtkicebuli sjuli da wigni gaaTaos,kurTxeva R~Tisa, ubiwod mSobelisa misisa da wmidiTa krebulTagan, da wmidaTamociqulTa, da yovelTa wmidaTagan. vinca es daamtkicos, locva-kurTxeviT daSendobiT iyos TaviTa, coliTa da SviliTa, saxliT, mamuliT da agarakiT, racR~Tsa kacisaTDs keTili daebados, yovliTa keTiliTa aRsavse iqmnas, locvakurTxeviTda SendobiT amyofos.vinc am wmidaTa krebaTa mociqulTagan ganwesebuli da Cuen mier damtkicebuliar Seiwynaros da kaTolikes saydarzed dasmulsa winaaRudges da Cueni mcneba ardaimarxos, krulmca aris caTa Sina da queyanasa zeda wmidaTa krebulTagan, wmida-Ta mociqulTagan da yovelTa wmidaTagan, Se-mca-eqmnebis Zrwola kaenisa, SiSTD-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli211li iudasi, mexis-texa deoskoresi, moSToba gmirTa, dawva sodomelTa, keTrigeezisa, danTqma daTan da abironisi, sircxDli kriskenti da Tabinesi, da yovelTaqristes uaris myofelTa Tanamca aris nawili misi.[rZlis SerTvisaTvis] 22. q. vinca anu didman, anu Tavadman, anu aznaurman, anuglexman, rZali SeirTos, SeCvenebulimc aris R~Tisagan da misTa wmidaTagan daSDdTa krebaTa, wmidaTa mociqulTagan.kacica da dedakacica gaRma-gamoRma dakiron, da mkiravni Cuengan dalocvilda kurTxeulni iyon.me, afxazeTis kaTalikozi [evdemon], kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, quTaTel mitrapoliti sDmion, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, genaTel mTavar-ebiskopozi antoni, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, mama Wyondideli, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, bediel mitropoliti, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, moquel mTavar-ebiskopozi, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, drandel mitrapoliti filipe, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, cagerel mamaT-mTavari kozman, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, xonel mTavar-ebiskopozi zaqaria, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, nikorwmideli ebiskopozi iovakim, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.me, CiSel mamaT-mTavari kDrile, kanoniTa vamtkiceb.[colis ubralod dagdebisaTvis] 23. q. romelman ubralod coli daagdos,SeCuenebulimca aris wmidaTa mociqulTagan da sikudiliTa ganipatiJos. 548548qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. I, 1963, gv. 393-397.


212 mitropoliti anania jafariZedaviT-garejis saeklesio kreba (1702 w.)1702 wels mowveul iqna saeklesiokreba, romelmac gamosca dadgenileba _`ganCineba saeklesio krebisa samonastrowesisa da rigis Taobaze~. 549marTalia, ganCineba sazogadod samonastrocxovrebas Seexeba, magram masSikerZoobiTi saubaria daviT-garejis monastrisSesaxeb. am dadgenilebiT krebaSeecada, moewesrigebina daviT-garejissamonastro cxovreba. ufro sworad,krebas surda axlad daewyo da rogormeaeRorZinebina samonastro cxovreba. saqmeis iyo, rom CrdilokavkasielTa (lekTa)gamudmebulma TareSma daaZabuna daviTgarejismonastrebi XVII s-Si. monasterTasisxlsavse cxovreba gansakuTrebiTdaamcro 6000 beris amowyvetam. ZvelsaqarTveloSi berobis msurveli mravaliqristiani iyo, didi survilic hqondaTdaviT-garejSi moRvaweobisa, magramaoxrebul monasterSi mudmivi SiSianobisgamo, Cans, darCena eZnelebodaT. amda sxva mizezTa gamo 1702 wels mowveulsaeklesio krebis ganCinebaSi naTqvamia:`Cven ama krebis brZanebiTa ese wigni,piri da brZaneba davsdeviT, ase, rome:1. romeli beri daviT garejas, TunaTlismcemels, Tu dodos, Tu berTubansmivides metaniad da dasadgomad daaRTqma yos mun monastersa Sina samyofadda mere kualad ukun iqces dadauteos Tvisi metania monasteri dasxvad monastrad mivides ...Tavisi nebiT....wyeul iyos da SeCvenebul RmrTisa daoTxis patriarqisagan, svetis cxovelisaganda wmidis giorgisa, wmidis ninosada ama wmidis daviTis da dodosagan~. 550aRsaniSnavia, rom Zveli qarTuli dokumentebiXIII s-mde asaxelebdnen xuTmsoflio patriarqs, maT Soris igulisxmebodaromis eklesiis meTauric(papic), am droisaTvis misi xseneba amovardniliada mxolod oTxi marTlmadidebelipatriarqi moixsenieba (konstantinopolis,aleqsandriis, antioqiisa daierusalimis patriarqebi). am sabuTidankidev erTxel Cans, rom daviT-garejismonastrebi mTlian qarTul eklesiasTanerTad XVIII s-is dasawyisSi marTlmadidebluriorientaciisani iyvnen. amisaRniSvna imisTvisaa saWiro, rom am monasterSiberad Sevida sulxan-saba orbeliani,TiTqosda kaTolike. cxadia, mar-Tlmadideblur monasterSi kaTolike verdadgeboda, sulxan-sabas `kaTolikoba~mxolod politikuri da ara sarwmunoebriviorientacia iyo.krebis ganCinebis me-2 muxlic SemoklebiTimasve imeorebs, rac 1-el muxl-Sia gadmocemuli. me-3 muxli krZalavsunebarTvod berebis erTi monastridanmeoreSi gadasvlas. me-4 muxliT monastrisdatovebis Sendoba eZleva im bers,romelsac `mefeTagan, kaTalikozTagan,episkopozTa da darbazis erTagan gamovidesepiskoposad an winamZRvrad, anuromelisame wessa zeda mdgomared. amasSendoba da madli hqondes~. 551me-5 muxliT ekrZalebaT qveynis saeroda sasuliero meTaurebs (Tavadebs,episkoposebs) Sewynareba monastridanunebarTvod gamosuli berisa.549Zveli qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. III, gv. 633; 550 iqve, gv. 634; 551 iqve, gv. 634.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli213me-6 muxliT kreba wyevas da SeCvenebasuTvlis krebis ganCinebis damrRvevT.krebis ganCinebas xels awers 11 episkoposi:bodbeli, Tbileli, mangleli, samebeli,mroveli, Weremeli, wilkneli,xarWaSneli, dmaneli, bovneli, walkelida erTi arqimandriti. ganCinebas brZanebissaxe misca kaTalikosma Tavisi be-Wdis dasmiT. kaTalikosis brZaneba daadasturesamba alaverdelma nikolozma,ninowmindelma iosebma, bodbelma mitropolitmazaqariam da mTavarepiskoposmaqristeforem.radganac krebis ganCineba uSualoddaviT-garejis monastrebs exeba, undavifiqroT, rom kreba iqve Catarda. amasmiuTiTebs krebis mier moxseniebul wmidaTaCamoTvlac. sazogadod, romelimeeklesiaSi, anda eklesiis sanaxebSi saRvTomsaxurebis damaboloebeli Camolocvisdros, rogorc wesi, uTuod moixseniebawmidani, romlis saxelzec aSenebuliaeklesia an monasteri. 1702 wlis krebisganCineba saerTo saeklesio siwmideebis(sveticxovlis, sauflo kvarTis, sveticxovlisadmimimadlebuli sauflo mironis)CamoTvlis Semdeg, pirvel rigSi,ixseniebs kaxeTis mxaris siwmideebs:giorgi alaverdels, wmida ninos (e.i.bodbis saydars) da aboloebs ase: `madliTamama daviT garejiTa da wmidisadodosiTa~ es ukanaskneli CamonaTvaliunda miuTiTebdes, rom kreba daviT garejSi,anda mis mamulSi Catarda.erTi sabuTidan Cans, rom krebisCatarebis Semdeg daviT-garejis monasterTamdgomareoba ramdenadme gaumjobesebula.1704 wels daviT-garejiswinamZRvarma onofrem, dodos winamZRvarmazaqariam da naTlismcemlis winamZRvarmaxaritonma Txovna miarTves kaxe-Tis mefe erekle I-s da sTxoves monastrisaTvisdaebrunebinaT sagarejos mamulebi,ris sanacvlodac monastrebiiRebdnen valdebulebas, yovelwliurad,yvelieris xuTSabaTs, sagangebod ewiraTmefe-dedoflisaTvis, xolo xorcieliskviras maTi SvilebisaTvis. 1709 welsgamocemuli Sewirulobis sigelidan Cans,rom daviT-garejis monastrebi, e.w.stavropigiulni ki ar iyvnen, aramed ninowmidelimTavarepiskoposis samwysosSeadgendnen, yovel SemTxvevaSi, aseTipretenzia ganucxadebia ioseb ninowmidels:`aReSennes monasterni ege udabnosani,vidremdis Seiqmnes adgilsa magasmonasterni aTormeti Tavis-TavadwinamZRvriTurT, da eseni yovelni iyvnessamwyso da morCil RmrTisa mier kurTxeulisamTavarepiskopozisa ninowmidelisa,da romelnica uflebdes da ganagebdessagarejos wmidis ninos monastersa, maTicajer ars pyroba da kurTxeva amaTi~.mahmadianebis SemosevaTa droso, _wers ninowmideli episkoposi, _ `udabnonicaese garejisani aoxrdes da mraval-Jam da mravalwel daSTa umkvidrod kac-Tagan da arRaravin iyo berTagani adgilsamagas wmidasa, vidremde yofad Cvendamdeda iyo umkvidro kacTagan~. 552 ninowmidelimTavarepiskopos ioseb vaCna-Zis dros berebs aRudgeniaT dodos monasteri,misTvis episkoposs mamulebi Seuwiravs.garda amisa, rac aRsaniSnavia,am episkoposs berebisaTvis dauweriasaqarTvelos eklesiis mokle istoria,wmida ninos moRvaweoba, asureli mamebisCamosvla, gansakuTrebiT ki daviTis,dodos da lukianes cxovreba. episkoposissurvili yofila, berebs hqonodaTSesabamisi codnac.552qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. III, gv. 660.


214 mitropoliti anania jafariZerogorc zemoaRniSnulidan Cans, 1702wels mowveuli saeklesio krebis SemdegdaviT-garejis monasterTa cxovrebaSesamCnevad aRorZinebula.aRsaniSnavia, rom saqarTvelos eklesiaskrebis mamebi uwodeben `samociquloeklesias~. patriarqi TavisTavs ase moixseniebs: `Cven, meufisamier, samociqulosa kaTolike eklesiasazeda dadginebuli patriarqikaTalikozi evdemozi~. 553 saqarTveloseklesiis am saxelwodebas gausva xaziSemdgomma, 1748 wels mowveulma saeklesiokrebamac.daviT-garejis krebis `ganCineba~[ganCineba saeklesio krebisa samonastro wesisa da rigis Taobaze][1702 w.]q. saxeliTa saxierisa, arseba daubadebelisa RmrTisa mamisa, Zisa da sulisawmidisaTa, SewevniTa da madliTa yovlad ubiwosa umetesad kurTxeulisa, uxrwnelisaqalwulisa mariamisaTa, SewevniTa da ZaliTa cxovels myofelisa jvarisaTa,ZaliTa da madlisaTa wmidaTa zecisa ZalTa angelozTa da mTavar angeloz-Ta, madliTa da SewevniTa wmidaTa udabnos maSvenebelTa mamaTa, madliTa daSewevniTa svetis cxovlisa kvarTisa sauflosa mironisa wmidisaTa, madliTa daTanamdgomlobiTa wmidisa giorgi alaverdisaTa da SewevniTa meaTcametisa mociqulisaninosiTa, madliTa mama daviT garejelisaTa da wmidisa dodosiTa;Cven, meufisa mier samociqulosa kaTolike eklesiasa zedan dadginebulmanpatronman kaTalikozman evdemoz, amba alaverdelman patronman nikoloz, mTavarefiskopozmanqristeforem, ninowmindelman ioseb, sula qarTvelTa da kaxT efiskopozTa,winamZRvarTa, mRdelTa da samRdeloT dasTa ese wigni, piri da ficidavsdeviT da Sekrva gaxsnis brZaneba, viTarca brZanebs piri RmrTisa “romeliganxsnaT, xsnil iyos da romeli SekraT, krul iyos”.Cven ama krebisa brZanebiTa ese wigni, piri da brZaneba davsdeviT, ase rome:1. romelic beri daviT-garejas, Tu naTlismcemels, Tu dodos, Tu berTubansmivides metaniad da dasadgomad da aRTqma yos mun monastersa Sina samyofad, damerme kualad ukuniqces da dauteos Tvisi metania monasteri da sxvad monastradmivides, Cvenad uSendobod da eris gamourCevlad, daupatijeblad, Tavis nebiT dawadiliT da guliswyromiT, ampartavnobiT, dauTminobiT gamovardes, an sityuiT553qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. III, gv. 633.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli215visiTme moRordes da wavides, wyeul iyos da SeCvenebul RmrTisa da yovelT misTawmidaTagan, Svidis krebisagan da oTxis patriarqisgan, svetis cxovelisgan dawmidis giorgisa, wmidis ninosa da am wmidis mama daviTisa da dodosagan.2. romelic Sevides, metania qnas dasadgomad, mamasa da krebuls piri da aRTqmadaudvas da aRar aRasrulos es Tavisi aRnaTqvami, wyeuli iyos da SeCvenebuli.3. kvalad, romelmanc erTmanerTis SurobiT da qiSpobiT erTis monastridammeoreSi sadgomad beri miiyuanos an TviTan mivides mamasa da krebulisagan uSendobod,isimc wyeuli da SeCvenebul iyos.4. Tu mefeTagan, kaTalikozTagan, efiskopozTa da darbazis erTagan gamorCeviTgamovides efiskopozad anu winamZRuarad anu romelsame wessa zeda mdgomlad, amasSendoba da madli qondes.5. romelmac Tavadma, gina efiskopozman anu didman anu mcireman iqidam mamisakrebisa Seundobari da gamovardnili da am wyevas qveS danarCunebuli beri miuSvasda Seiwynaros, isic imisi monawile da Tanaziari iyos.es ase gavarigeT da davamtkiceT.6. vinc amas urC eqmnas, wyevasa da SeCvenebasa qveSe iyos da daTan da abironTanada iudas monawile da moziaremc iqmnebis, wyeul iyos suliTa da HorciTa aqa damermesa mas didsa dResa, amin. amin. amin.amisi mowame da damamtkicebelni bodbeli zaqaria, Tbileli domenti, mangleliioseb, samebeli nikoloz, mroveli, Weremeli, wilkneli, xarWaSneli parTeni,dmaneli elise, bovneli ivane, walkeli nikoloz, maRalaZe arqimanditi nikoloz,sula qarTvelni da kaxni efiskopozni.vinca am garigebisa da brZanebis damamtkicebeli iyos, madli da kurTxeva qondes.vinca vin urC eqmnas, wyevasamca qveSe ars aw da maradis ukuniT ukunisamdis, amin.qoronikons tJ.beWedi: kaTalikozi evdemozvamtkiceb brZanebas amas kaTalikozis evdemosisasa amba alaverdeli.xelrTva: alaverdeli nikolozvamtkiceb ninowmideli ioseb.beWedi: mona RvTisa ninowmideli iosebvamtkiceb bodbeli mitrapoliti zaqaria am wigns.beWedi: bodbeli zaqariaq. batoni mTavarefiskopozi vamtkiceb am sigels. 554beWedi: mTavarepiskoposi qristefore.554qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. III, 1970, gv. 633.


216 mitropoliti anania jafariZesakanonmdeblo Sekrebani vaxtang VI-is karze (1706-1709 ww.)saqarTvelos saeklesio samarTliserT-erTi mniSvnelovani wyaroa vaxtangVI-is samarTlis wignTa krebuli. `mar-Tlmadideblobis mxne mxedarma, uflismier Zlierma moRvawem, sionis rjulmtkicebiTaSeuryevelma svetma, marTlmadideblobiTda RvTis siyvaruliT SeuorgulebelmabatoniSvilma vaxtangma~Tavis garSemo Semoikriba qarTuli eklesiis,sityvisa da kulturis didi moamageni,Seakrebina maT qarTveli xalxismravali saukunis namuSevari wmida werilis,`qarTlis cxovrebis~ Tu `vefxistyaosnis~dafantuli furclebi, Seaswavlinaisini da gamoacemina. vaxtangmaagreTve Seagrova qarTuli samarTlisZveli naSTebi da Zeglebi, Seadginaaxali, daamtkicebina krebas isini dagamosca mTliani `samarTlis wignTa krebulis~saxiT.rogorc vaxtang VI-is samarTliswignTa krebulis SesavalSia naTqvami,am epoqis qarTlis WeSmariti ganmanaTlebeli,e.i. yoveli axali erovnuli ideismomwodebeli iyo mefe giorgi XI _ `mzesimarTlisa~, romelmac `qveyanaTa amaTqarTlisaTa mohfina naTeli~. 555 mefegiorgim ineba da `mosca Tavis wiladtaxtsa zeda gamgeblad qarTlisad~ batoniSvilivaxtangi, romelmac `igulada igulismodgina da Semokribna yovelniwignni samarTlisani, romelni JamTa vi-TarebiTa TviToeulad mimodabneuli iyo.es yoveli moiZia, ipova da moiSova,mravliTa iZulebiTa da friadiTa SromiTamoiRo pirvel dabadebisa da gamosvlaTasamarTalni mosesmieri, romeliTviT RmerTman mosca da amcno... meorisaZieba hyo saberZneTiT, oTxTa patriarq-Ta mier qenebiTa wigni sasamarTloni,JamTa keisrisaTa... mesame moaRebina didisasomxeTisa mwyemsisa grigol ganmanaTlebelisasamarxos eCmiaZiniT somexT mefeTawigni samarTlisani... meoTxe, wmidaTada marTlmadidebelTa qarTlis da afxazeTiskaTalikozTa RirsTa episkoposTaganganwesebuli samarTali, mexuTe, didismefeT-mefis giorgis mier TqmulnisamarTalni mopovnebul-yo, romliTasjiden samnive ese samefoni qarTlisani.meeqvse, aRbuRa jayel-cixisjvarelisaTqmulni ganaCenni da samarTalni, meSvide,amaT yovelTa Semdgomad aRweraTviT sibrZniT da gulisxmobiTa Tvisi-Ta, damowmebiT da nebadarTviT TvisTakaTalikoz-episkopoz da didebul-darbaiselTa,romeli aRwera TviToeuladyovelnive samarTalni, ufros saxmar dasargebel qarTlsa Sina amaT sxvaTaca~. 556sagulisxmoa, rom saqarTvelos samefoebsanu imJamindeli qarTlis, kaxeTisada imereTis samefoebs, es Zegli, samiveserTad _ `qarTls~, `qarTlis samefoebs~uwodebs, 557 esaa areali, sadac am samarTlisiurisdiqcia vrceldeboda.CvenTvis gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovaniais, rom vaxtangma Tavisi SemoqmedebiTisamuSao Seafasebina da miaRebinakrebas, romelic Sedgeboda – kaTalikosisada episkoposebisagan. am krebas, iseve,rogorc saxelmwifo darbazis sxdomas,mefesa da umaRles ierarqebTan erTad555Zveli qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, 1963, t. I. gv. 99; 556 iqve. gv. 101; 557 iqve, gv. 100.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli217eswrebodnen – didebulni da darbaiselni,vaxtangs maTi `damowmeba da nebadarTva~esaWiroeboda. am krebas, ramdenimesxdomisagan Semdgars unebebia damtkicebada amoqmedeba samarTlis Zveli daaxali normebisa - `damowmebiTa da nebadarTviTTvisTa kaTalikoz-episkopoz dadidebul-darbaiselTa~, 556 rogorc wyaroaRniSnavs, am samarTlis kanonebismoZieba-SemuSavebis dros vaxtangs gverdiTedga cnobili mecnieri, kaTalikospatriarqidomenti IV, agreTve mTavarepiskoposigrigoli, sxva mitropolitepiskopos-winamZRvarnida sasuliero pirebi.vaxtangi wers Tavisi samarTlis wignisSesavalSi: `nuravin hgonebT, TviTmxolod TaviT TvisTa rasame vyofdeT,aramed TanayoliTa da mowmobiTamRvdelmTavrisa da didis dedaqalaqisamcxeTisa da kvarTsa zedan sauflosasvetisa RvTiv aRmarTebulisa da mironaRmocenebulis,saWed-mpyroblisa daxarisxisa zedan mtkiced mdgomelisaZmisa Cvenisa, batoniSvilis kaTalikosisdomentisiTa, agreTve TanadgomiTaaragvis erisTviSvilis mTavarepiskopozisgrigoliTi da sxvaTa mitropolit-episkopoz-winamZRvarTada saRmrToTaganTa~. 558Tavisi samarTlis bolosityvaSic vaxtangiSeaxsenebs momaval kaTalikosebs,episkoposebs, mitropolitebs, winam-ZRvrebs, mRvdlebs, sxva sasulieropirebs Semdegi droisa, rom mis naRvawsamarTals `mowmoba darTes erTa CvenTasrulebiT saRmrToTa da gina samxedroTaman... yovelmanve erTbaSad da ese esreTars Semzadebuli~. 559safiqrebelia, rom vaxtangma domentikaTalikosisa da grigoli episkoposisTanadgomiT moamzada kanonebi, e.i.Seamzada e.w. `samarTali batoniSvilisvaxtangisa~. amis Semdgom maT da sagangebodSeqmnilma komisiam moiZies sxvaqristiani erebis samarTlis wignebi. gansakuTrebuliyuradReba daeTmo bizantiurisamarTlis wignebs. Semdeg kimTeli krebuli krebam daamtkica.komisiam upirvelesad saeklesio samarTliserT-erTi umTavresi wyaro`friadi SromiT moiRo~. esaa e.w. `mosessamarTali~. komisiisaTvis gansakuTrebuliinteresis sagans warmoadgendaimperatorTa droindeli bizantiuri samarTali,romelic Tavis droze aramxolod saqveyno, aramed upirvelesadsaeklesio samarTlis kodeqss warmoadgenda.bizantiis imperiis damxobis Semdegac,`igi moqmed samarTlad iTvlebodabizantiuri civilizaciis qveynebSi(saberZneTi, bulgareTi, moldaveTi,ruseTi, saqarTvelo, somxeTi dasxva), _ wers i. doliZe 560 – moqmedsamarTalSi igulisxmeba bizantielinomofilaqsis konstantine armenopulosnaSromi - `eqvsi wigni~. 561vaxtangis mier gamocemuli bizantiurisamarTlis mixedviT Sedgenili`berZnuli samarTlis~ qarTuli versiisumTavres nawils Seadgens armenopulos`eqvsi wignidan~ amokrebili kanonebi. mismeore nawils Seadgens Targmanebi ma-Teos blastaris sintagmidan. Tavis mxriv,armenopulo aRniSnavs, rom mis wyarossxvasTan erTad warmoadgenda imperatorebis:basilis, konstantines da leonisproxironebi, sakanonmdeblo aqtebidanamonakrebi, agreTve mefeTa wignis (basilikis)Semokleba (sinopsisi) da sasa-558qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, 1963, t. I, gv. 478; 559 iqve, gv. 532; 560 iqve, gv. 581; 561 Â.Ñîêîëüñêèé, Ãðåêî-ðèìñêîå ïðàâî â óëîæåíèè Ãðóçèíñêîãî öàðÿ Âàõòàíãà VI.


218 mitropoliti anania jafariZemarTlo praqtika, imperatorebis dadgenilebebi,leon brZenis novelebis krebuli,leonisa da konstantines 18 titulovaniekloga, cxadia, umTavresiwyaroa mociqulTa da saeklesio krebaTakanonebi, sasinodo da sapatriarqosdadgenilebebi. 562alfabeturi sintagmis avtoric, ma-Teos blastari Tavisi naSromis wyarodiyenebs saeklesio krebebis dadgenilebebsda kanonebs, romis samarTliswyaroebs leon brZenis bazilikamde. 563qarTuli `samarTali berZnulis~ SesavalSicasevea naTqvami: `leon brZnisa dakonstantinesi da sxvaTa xelmwifeTa mierTqmuli~. 564 es Sesavali da misi 1-limuxli warmoadgens armenopulos `eqvsiwignis~ Sesavals. 565 i. doliZe eyrdnobavl. sokolskis daskvnebs, rom berZnulikanonebis qarTuli Targmani warmoadgensblastaris sintagmisa da armenopulos`eqvsi wignis~ kompilacias. es ukanasknelniberZnul-romauli samarTlismTavari krebulebi iyo da iyenebdnen bizantiisgviandel epoqaSi. blastaris sintagmassasuliero, xolo armenopulosnaSroms _ saero sasamarTloebSi. rogorccnobilia, miuxedavad Turqebis mier bizantiisdapyrobisa, mainc osmaleTisimperiaSi berZnuli da, sabolood, mar-Tlmadidebluri mosaxleobis saeklesioda samoqalaqo saqmeebis iurisdiqciamTlianad konstantinopolis sapatriarqosada berZen sasuliero xelisufalTaxelSi moeqca, amitomac praqtikulisaWiroebisaTvis osmaleTSi mar-Tlmadidebluri saeklesio xelisuflebismier gakeTda yoveldRiuri xmarebisaTvissaWiro blastaris sintagmisa da armenopulos`eqvsi wignis~ mokle kompilacia.bizantiis imperiis dacemis Semdeg,rogorc aRiniSna, saeklesio iurisdiqciagavrcelda marTlmadidebeli mosaxleobissaero saqmeebzedac, radganac eklesiisxelSi moeqca marTlmadidebelimosaxleobis samoqalaqo iurisdiqcia, 566amitomac erT mTlian korpusad gaer-Tianebuli iuridiuli krebulebi, romel-Sic saeklesio da saero samarTali Sedioda– didi upiratesobiT sargeblobda.swored aseTi krebuli mouZiebiavaxtangis komisias yofil bizantiaSi,anu imdroindel osmaleTSi. ramdenimewlianiZiebis Semdeg, samarTlis wigniberZnulidan gadmouTargmnia kviprianesamTavnel episkoposs. `berZnuli samarTlis~mkvlevaris, T. bregaZis azriT, miswyaros warmoadgens blastaris sintagma,armenopulos wignebidan CanamatebiT.am xelnaweris qarTuli Targmani atarebsgamokrebil xasiaTs. Targmani kviprianesamTavnels unda Seesrulebina, am episkoposmadomenti kaTalikosis brZanebiTTargmna `kurTxeva eklesiisa~, imave kaTalikosisbrZanebiT samarTlis zogierTmuxls gaukeTa minaweri. 567aqedan Cans, rom vaxtang VI-sTanerTad aqtiurad muSaobda samarTliswignebze kaTalikos-patriarqi domentiIV, episkoposi grigoli aragvis erisTavisSvili da agreTve episkoposi kviprianesamTavneli. kaTalikos-episkoposebis aqtiurimuSaoba berZnul-bizantiuri saeklesio-samoqalaqosamarTlis wyaroebisZieba-Targmnisas miuTiTebs, Tu ra aqtiuradiRvwoda saqarTvelos eklesia samarTlissferoSi XVII s-is bolos daXVIII s-is dasawyisSi.562qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, I, gv. 580; 563 qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, I, gv. 582; 564 iqve, gv.129; 565 iqve, gv. 582; 566 iqve, gv. 584; 567 iqve, gv. 592.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli219komisiam ineba da agreTve moiZia e.w.`siriul-romauli samarTali~, romelicim droisaTvis arsebobda somxur enazeda daculi iyo eCmiaZinis sakaTalikosowignTsacavSi. igi am droisaTvis gaer-Tianebuli yofila erT samarTlis krebulad,mxiTar goSis samarTlis wign-Tan erTad. ori weli Targmnidnen `somxurisamarTlis wigns~ da mis safuZvelzeSeqmnes e.w. `somxuri samarTlisqarTuli versia~. igi, rogorc iTqva,ori nawilisagan Sedgeba, esaa siriulromaulisamarTlis qarTuli versia damxiTar goSis samarTlis qarTuli versia.masSi sul 431 muxlia. siriulromaulisamarTali, vl. sokolskiskvlevis Tanaxmad, Sedgenili yofilaV s-Si da es iuridiuli krebuli Zvelidroidan moqmedebda ara mxolod somxeTSi,aramed saqarTveloSic. 568 igi V-VI ss-Si mcire aziis saxelmwifoebSicyofila gavrcelebuli, viTarca bizantiisgavlenis qveS myof qveynebSi. siriul-romaulkanonebs gavlena mouxdeniamxiTar goSis samarTlis wignze (prof.s. samuelianis azriT), mas `Zlevamosilqristian mefeTa konstantines, Teodosisda leonis kanonebs~ uwodebdnen. 569i. doliZis azriT, SesaZloa es siriulromaulikanonebi Zvelad qarTuladaciyo naTargmni. magram igi dakargula daamitomac vaxtangis komisias xelmeoreduTargmnia mxiTar goSis samarTlis wign-Tan erTad. 569 cxadia, marTlmadidebelibizantiis saxelmwifosa da misi imperatorebiskanonebi gamosayenebeli iyo saeklesiosferoSi ZvelTaganve.riT unda yofiliyo gamowveuli mxi-Tar goSis samarTlis wignis CarTvavaxtangis krebulSi? b. aruTinianisazriT, samarTlis wigns `naxevrad sakanonmdeblo,naxevrad moZRvruli xasiaTihqonda da modave mxareTa da mosamarTleTaneba-survilze iyo damokidebulieRiarebinaT da gamoeyenebinaT igiTu ara~. 570 i. doliZis azriT, samarTliswignSi Setanili normebi da wesebimoqmed samarTals warmoadgenda, Tumcaisicaa aRsaniSnavi, rom TviTon vaxtangVI miuTiTebda da urCevda mosamarTleebsada msajulebs gamoeyenebinaT ara ucxourisamarTali, aramed qarTuli, anuvaxtangis samarTali. amis mizezad vaxtangiasaxelebs im garemoebas, romqarTvelebis `wesi da qceva~ gansxvavdebasxva qveynebis `rigisa da qceulobisagan~.amitomac ucxouri samarTali `Cvendauxmar ars~, Tumca ki samarTliswignSi isini `SemoklebiT moipovebian~.vaxtangi wers, rom Cveni qveynisaTvissasargebloa da umjobesia mis mier SemuSavebulida krebis mier damtkicebulisamarTlis gamoyeneba. 571osmaleTis kanonebis Sesabamisad,sxvadasxva religiuri Temis wevrebi osmaleTSirogorc samoqalaqo, ise saeklesiosferoSic eqvemdebarebodnen sakuTarsamarTals. amiT iyo gamowveuli,rom yirimsa da osmaleTSi arsebul sxvasomxur koloniebSi mxiTar goSis samarTalimoqmed samarTals warmoadgenda,cxadia, somxebisaTvis. sakuTari samarTlismoqmedebis es sfero somxebmagaavrceles sxva qveynebSi mcxovreb somxebzec,magaliTad, poloneTSi. i. doliZisazriT, mxiTar goSis samarTliT xelmZRvanelobdasaqarTveloSi mcxovrebisomexi mosaxleoba, gansakuTrebiT _vaWarTa fena. 570568qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, I, gv. 594; 569 iqve, gv. 595; 570 iqve, gv. 602.


220 mitropoliti anania jafariZeTu es mosazreba misaRebia, maSinsaqarTvelos saeklesio krebis mier somxurisamarTlis kanonebis ganxilva gamowveuliunda yofiliyo qarTuli eklesiissamarTlebrivi iurisdiqciis sferoSisxvadasxva aRmsareblobis mqone mTeliqveynis mosaxleobis moqceviT. qarTulisaxelmwifo udgenda Tavis moqalaqearaqarTvelebs TavianTi eTnikur-aRmsareblobiTiniSnis Sesabamis kanonebs.vaxtang VI-m da komisiam krebaswarudgines saqarTvelos saeklesio sakanonmdeblokrebis kanonebi, cnobili`kaTalikozTa samarTlis~ saxeliT. `kaTalikozTasamarTali mTel saqarTveloSimoqmedi saeklesio sjuli iyo, radganigi damyarebuli iyo `sjulis kanonze~,romelic ZvelTaganve moqmedebdasaqarTveloSi. es kargad icoda vaxtangissakodifikacio komisiam, romelmac komisiiswevris saeklesio sjulmdeblobisdidi mcodnis kaTalikoz domentisdasturiT es Zegli samarTlis wignTakrebulSi Seitana, riTac kvlav daadasturamisi moqmedeba aRmosavleTsaqarTveloSi, marTalia, kaTalikozTasamarTali Sedgenili iyo dasavleTsaqarTveloSi, magram igi mTeli saqarTvelossaeklesio weswyobisaTvis damaxasiaTebeliZeglia. 572i. doliZe wers _ `specialur literaturaSikaTalikozTa kanonebs biWvin-Tis saydris iadgars adareben da masxsenebuli kanonebis damatebad Tvlian.es azri ekuTvnis prof. al. xaxanaSvils~.573 is al. xaxanaSvilma gamoTqvaTavis `gujrebSi~ (1891, gv. 124-125) dawerilSi - (Ljgjkytybt r uhepbycrbvrfnfkbrjcjdsv pfrjyjv). 574 maTSi gamoTqvamsimave azrs, rom biWvinTis gujari(iadgari) warmoadgens `kaTalikozTakanonebis~ damatebas. Tavis mxriv, esgujari dgeboda TandaTanobiT, oTxisaukunis ganmavlobaSi da Tavisi axlandelisaxe miiRo ara uadres XVIII s-ispirveli meoTxedisa. aRsaniSnavia, rombiWvinTis iadgaris mixedviT, biWvinTissaydari mefeTa (imereTis) sakuTrebadaamiCneuli _ `saydari maTi ars~. 575 me-2muxli icavs taZars `didebulis, Tavadisan aznauris~ ymis mier gatexisagan.gamtexis qoneba saydars unda darCenoda.mekobre da misi mebatone ki Zelzeunda gaesvaT. sul 27 muxlia, romlebicicavs sakaTalikosos qonebas, glexebs,ymebs da mamuls, pirutyvs, jogs, `saydrisSvilebs~, saydris `moxeleebs~,`kaTalikosis kacs~, `zurgiT mzidavxars, sefe xars~, `moxeleTa kacs~, `kaTalikozisyma-msaxurs~, `saydris moinales~,`biWvinTis garSemo sofelsa daglexebs~, `agarakebs~, sxva soflebs,`metoq monastrebs~, qalaqebs, imaTSimcxovreb glexebs, msaxurebs, moinaleebs,`soflis kacebs~, `cols~, `qals~, venaxs,`saydris ymebs~, ymis mejinibes,mesadiles, mwyemss, krZalavs `biWvinTiswyalSi~ nadirobas (Tevzaobas). ramdenimemuxlSi ganxilulia didebulis, Tavadisan aznauris mier `kaTalikosisgineba~, `episkoposis cema, xelT Sepyroba,avad gineba, upativoba~ da sxv.bolos, aRniSnulia `viTarca sxvaTa saydarTauCinebulesi ars biWvinTis saydari,agreTve umetesi iadgari davdeviTda davamtkiceT mtkice brZanebiT ese~.biWvinTis iadgari, anu gujari, Sesa-Zloa marTlac damateba iyos `kaTalikoz-571q.s.Z., I., gv. 532, vaxtangis bolosityvaoba; 572 q.s.Z., I., gv. 607; 573 i. doliZe. `kaTalikozTasamarTali~, q.s.Z. I. gv. 610; 574 Þðèäè÷åñêèé âåñòíèê, Ò-XI. 1882. c. 568-571; 575 q.s.Z., I., gv. 611.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli221Ta samarTlisa~, radganac zogierTi muxli,romlebic am ukanasknelSi bundovnadaaganmartebuli, biWvinTis iadgarSinaTladaa gadmocemuli. magali-Tad, kaTalikosTa samarTlis me-17 muxlisTanaxmad, kaTalikosisa da episkoposTaginebisaTvis sasjeli asea micemuli_ `vinca kaTalikozsa da episkopozsaginos da upatiuroba hkadros, ra rigadacsjulis kanonSi eweros, imrigadganipatiJos~, 576 magram moZebna imisa, Tura ewera `sjulis kanonSi~, moiTxovdaZiebasa da Sromas, amitomac biWvinTisiadgarSi imave danaSaulisaTvis sasjeliszoma pirdapiraa naCvenebi _ `vincakaTalikozsa aginos anu sacemrad waizidos,50 glexi saydars daeurvos dakaTalikozsa ori sisxli daeurvos didisaSexvewiTa~. 577 maSasadame, damnaSaves50 glexi saydris sasargeblod unda CamorTmeoda,piradad kaTalikosis sasargeblodki `ori sisxli~ unda gadaexada.aseve qorepiskoposis ginebisa da upativcemulomopyrobisaTvis damnaSaves 12glexi unda CamorTmeoda saydris sasargeblod,300.000 TeTri ki TviTon dazaralebulsunda gadascemoda. aseve ganmartebuliasxva muxlebic. Tumca isicunda iTqvas, rom kaTalikosTa samarTlissfero ufro zogad-yovlismomcvelia,magaliTad, igi ganixilavs da debssasjels tyveTa syidvis da eklesiismkrexelTa winaaRmdeg. udebs kanonsa dasasjelebs episkoposebs, magaliTad, me-14 muxliT episkoposis mowinaaRmdegedamnaSavis gasamarTlebis Semdeg mefesevaleboda misi dasja. me-15 muxliT kaTalikosismowinaaRmdege episkoposs, darigebaTaSemdgomac gamousworebels, mefesaydars CamoarTmevda. `kaTalikozTasamarTali~ ixilavs mefis moRalateTa, uRirsimRvdlis makurTxevelTa, cud mosamarTleTasasjelebs. agreTve debs sasjelebs`saydris mamulis gamoxumisaTvis~, `sjulisgamTavebelTa da gardamavalTaTvis~,`rZlis SerTvisaTvis~ da sxv.rogorc aRiniSna, radganac `kaTalikozTasamarTali~ saqarTveloSi moqmedisaeklesio sjuli iyo, igi ganixilavaxtangis komisiam da gadasca krebasdasamtkiceblad, amitomac igi Sevidavaxtangis samarTlis wignTa krebulSi.vaxtangis komisiam moiZia da sjuldebiTkrebas gansaxilvelad gadascameore sakanonmdeblo Zegli, romelicbeqasa da aRbuRas samarTliTaa cnobili.Cveni azriT, rogorc `kaTalikozTa samarTali~warmoadgenda XVI s-Si Catarebulisaeklesio krebis mier gamocemulkanonebs, aseve `beqasa da aRbuRas~ samarTaliwarmoadgens Wulevis eklesia-Si Semdgar saeklesio-sakanonmdeblo krebismier Sedgenil samarTals, ukanaskneliufro farTo moculobisaa da, Tavismxriv, Seicavs beqasa da aRbuRas samarTlisgarda, agreTve `bagrat kurapalatissamarTlis~ da TviTon Wuleviskrebis mier gamocemul e.w. `kanonikursamarTals~. maSasadame, Cveni fiqriT,aRbuRa aTabag-amirspasalaris dros WulevistaZarSi Semdgarma saeklesio-sakanonmdeblokreba-darbazobam, daaxloebiT1295-1304 wlebSi, moiZia da ganixilamisTvis saWiro Semdegi samarTliswignebi: 1. bagrat kurapalatis samarTali;2. beqa mandaturTuxucesis samar-Tali; 3. aRbuRa aTabag-amirspasalarissamarTali; isini daamtkica da erT samarTliswignad Sekra, bolos ki daur-To TviT krebis mier gamocemuli `kanoni-576q.s.Z., I., gv. 396; 577 iqve, gv. 612.


222 mitropoliti anania jafariZekuri samarTali~. es samarTlis wignebiWulevis krebam ara qronologiuri wesismixedviT, aramed, Cans, moqmedi samarTlebrivisicocxlisunarianobis Sesabamisaddaalaga. rogorc aRiniSna, vaxtangiskomisiam moiZia es krebuli, romelic`beqasa da aRbuRas samarTlis~ saxeliTda ara Wulevis krebis samarTliTiyo cnobili da gadasca vaxtang mefiskarze moqmed krebas da vaxtangis samarTliswignTa krebulSi CarTo.vaxtangis samarTlis wignTa krebuli,agreTve, Seicavs gaerTianebulisaqarTvelos samefos RvTivgvirgvinosanmefeTa mier Sedgenil samarTlis wign-Tagan SemorCenil giorgi brwyinvales`Zeglis dadebas~. es iyo saqarTvelosmTianeTisaTvis sagangebod Sedgenilisjulmdebloba. igi adgilobrivi xasia-Tis sakanonmdeblo Zeglia, magramsaqarTvelos daSlis Semdeg erT drosbarisaTvis Seuferebeli da Seusabamokanonebi, daqveiTebuli da danawevrebulisaqarTvelos kuTxeebisaTvis moqmedsamarTlad iqca _ `romliTa sjidnensamnive ese samefoni qarTlisani~.vaxtangis komisiam, rogorc aRiniSna,igi CarTo Tavis samarTlis krebulSi.gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobisaa amkrebulSi CarTuli `samarTali batoniSvilisvaxtangisa~. mkvlevarTa erTi nawilisazriT, am krebulSi marTalia Setaniliasxvadasxva erovnuli da ucxoZegli, magram savaldebulo Zala mxolodsakuTriv vaxtangis kanonebs hqondaT.krebulSi Sesuli moses, berZnulda somxur samarTals mxolod damxmaresamarTlis funqcia hqonda. TviTon vaxtangissamarTalze didi gavlena mouxdeniabizantiur samarTals.bizantiuri samarTlis gavlena rogorcqarTul, ise sxva marTlmadidebeli qveynebissamarTalze, Turqebis mier konstantinopolisdapyrobis Semdegac arSewyvetila, `piriqiT, SeiZleba iTqvas,rom is erTgvarad kidec gaZlierda.saqarTveloSi gavrcelda da gamoiyenebodarogorc yvelaze Zveli (siriulromauli),ise berZnul-romauli samarTliserT-erTi gviandeli Zegli, racmowmobs saukuneTa ganmavlobaSi berZnulromaulisamarTlis mudmivsa da uwyvetgavlenas saqarTvelos samarTlebriv wyobilebaze.am mxriv, saqarTveloSi ganmeordayvela is movlena, romelsacadgili hqonda aRmosavleTis sxva mar-Tlmadidebel qveynebSi~. 578 sokolskismsgavsad, prof. al. xaxanaSvilis azriT,saqarTveloSi moqmedebda berZnuli (e.i.bizantiuri) samarTali da didi gavlenahqonda qarTul samarTalze, maT Soris,vaxtangis kanonebzec. al. xaxanaSvilisazriT, qarTul `sigelebSi xSirad naxavTmiTiTebebs berZenTa kanonebze~. 579rogorc al. xaxanaSvili aRniSnavs, vaxtangissamarTlis krebulSi CarTuliberZnuli samarTlis 153, 166 da 172-emuxlebidan momdinareobs batonymobismkacri xasiaTi vaxtangis samarTliswignis 235-e, 258-e da 259-e muxlebSi,romlebic ymis uuflebo mdgomareobasakanonebs. al. xaxanaSvils miaCnia, rombizantiis samarTlis didi gavlena qar-Tul kulturasa da kanonmdeblobazeaisaxa vaxtangis kanonebSi, magaliTad,misi samarTlis wignis 25-e muxlSi dakanonebuliprincipi _ `mefisa da kaTalikosissaqme orisave swori ars daaRbuRas kanonebis 102-e muxlis norma578Â. Cîêîëüñêèé, Ãðåêî-ðèìñêîå ïðàâî â óëîæåíèè ãðóçèíñêîãî öàðÿ Âàõòàíãà VI, Æóðí. ìèí. ïðîñâ. 1897, c.56-93, q.s.Z. I. gv. 639; 579 al. xaxanaSvili, `batonymoba saqarTvelosi~, 1910. meore gamocema, gv. 50-51.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli223`meore mefe episkopozi ars~ bizantiurisamarTlis normebia. bizantiam kidevufro meti gavlena daaCnia saqarTvelo-Si qorwinebis, col-qmrobis kavSirisada ojaxis safuZvlebis ganmtkicebas~. 580rusi mecnieris m. kovalevskis azriT,`qarTuli saojaxo da saqorwilo samarTalimTlianad nasesxebia bizantiurikanonikuri samarTlidan. romisada bizantiis samarTalma didi gavlenamoaxdina qalis uflebriv mdgomareobazeqarTul samarTalSi. beqasa da aRbu-Ras kanonebiT, qurdobisaTvis dasaxelebuliormagi sazRauri nasesxebia romissamarTlidan~. 581vaxtangis samarTlis wignTa krebulSiSesulTagan savaldebulo Zala mxolodvaxtangis kanonebs hqondaT. germanelimkvlevaris d. holdakis azriT, ufro adreigive azri gamoTqva haqsthauzenma. 582al. vaCeiSvilis azriT, `vaxtangiskrebulSi Sesuli sxva iuridiuli ZeglebidadebiTi samarTlis damxmarewyaros warmoadgendnen. moqmedi samar-Tali mxolod da mxolod vaxtangisdebulebiT ar amoiwureboda, vaxtangisdebuleba sargeblobda upiratesobiT, magramsasamarTlos hqonda kompilaciissxva normebis Sefardebis ufleba, Tuamas saWiroeba moiTxovda~. 583iv. surgulaZe ki miiCnevda, rom `vaxtangissamarTlis wigni Sedgenili qarTlissamefo darbazis monawileobiT moqmedebdamTel saqarTveloSi~. 584isidore doliZis azriT, XVIII da XIXss-is sasamarTlo aqtebi metyvelebs, romvaxtangis samarTlis wigni moqmedi samar-Tali iyo, romelsac kanonis Zala hqonda. 585vaxtangis samarTalze gavlena mouxdeniaZvel saqarTveloSi arsebul sakanonmdebloZeglebs, amitomac igi qarTulierovnuli samarTlis yvelaze srulyofiliZegli da marTlmsajulebis ZiriTadi saxelmZRvanelowigni iyo gvianfeodalursaqarTveloSi. 586 iv. javaxiSvilis azriT,Zvel saqarTveloSi vaxtangamdec arsebobdaucxo qveynebis sakanonmdeblo ZeglebisqarTuli Targmanebi, maT ZveladacaerTianebdnen sxva qarTul ZeglebTanerT krebulSi. 587 berZnuli da somxurisamarTlis wignebi ueWvelad winaTac iqneboda,maTi arseboba vaxtangs ar scodniada xelaxla gadmouqarTulebia. 588 d. furcelaZesigel-gujrebis Seswavlis Semdegmivida daskvnamde, rom qarTveli mosamarTleebisaqmis ganxilvisa da gadawyvetilebisgamotanisas sargeblobdnen vaxtangiskrebulSi Setanili berZnuli dasomxuri kanonebiT. 589 amasve werda daviTbatoniSvilic, giorgi XIII-is Ze, qarTulisamarTlis istoriis saukeTesomcodne. 590`samarTali vaxtang batoniSvilisa~rogorc Cans, Tavdapirvelad, mTavrdeboda204-e muxliT, romelsac mosdevdabolosityvaoba. SesavalSi vaxtangi aRni-Snavs, rom igi umciresi iyo ZmaTa Soris,ineba `Tavad man ufalman gamoavlina piriTautyueliTa brZaneba codvilTa mowyalebada myo me msajulad da gamgedRvTismSoblis wilxvdomili qveynisa~. 591vaxtangi, rogorc aRiniSna, werda, rom580al. xaxanaSvili, `bizantiis gavlena saqarTvelozed~, gaz. `moambe~ 1901. #XII; 581 Ì. Êîâàëåâñêèé,Çàêîí è îáû÷àé íà Êàâêàçå, T. I, c. 110-134. q.s.Z. I. gv. 639; 582 Holldak, Zwei Grandsteine… 1907, p. 97-102, Haxthausen, Transcaucasia, II, 1856, p. 282. q.s.Z. I. gv. 638; 583 al. vaCeiSvili, narkvevebiqarTuli samarTlis istoriidan I, 1946, gv. 18; 584 iv. surgulaZe, saqarTvelos saxelmwifosa dasamarTlis istoriisaTvis, 1952, gv. 113; 585 q.s.Z. gv. 641; 586 i. doliZe, vaxtangis samarTlis wignTakrebulis Sedgeniloba da wyaroebi, q.s.Z. I. gv. 650; 587 iv. javaxiSvili, qarTuli samarTlisistoria, I. gv. 118-119; 588 iqve, gv. 119; 589 Ä. Ïóðöåëàäçå, Êðåñòúÿíñêèå ãðàìîòû, 1880, c. 20; 590 q.s.Z.I. gv. 652; 591 iqve, gv. 477.


224 mitropoliti anania jafariZesamarTlis wignebi Seadgina `Tanayoli-Ta da mowmobiTa~ domenti IV kaTalikosisa.aseve, aragvis erisTavis SvilismTavarepiskoposis grigolisa da sxvamitropolitis, episkoposebis, winamZRvrebis,sasuliero pirebis TanadgomiT. saer-Tod ara marto sasuliero ierarqiis,aramed saxelmwifo darbazis TanamonawileobiTada damtkicebiT _ `mowmobi-Ta da TanazraxviTa yovelTa darbaziserTa CvenTaTa~. 592maSasadame, saxelmwifo darbazissxdomebze ixileboda vaxtangis kanonebi,romelmac sabolood miiRo igi. saxelmwifodarbazi, rogorc aRiniSna,rodesac saeklesio sakiTxebs ixilavdada darbazobaSi monawileobda umaRlesiierarqia, imavdroulad warmoadgendasaeklesio krebas kaTalikosis meTaurobiT.maSasadame, vaxtangis kanonebi miiRosaeklesio krebamac, es kanonebi imavedros saeklesio samarTlis normebia,radganac misi mravali muxli sworedsaeklesio sakiTxebs eZRvneba. sazogadod,samarTlis dadgenis procesSi kaTalikosisada episkoposebis monawileobaiuridiuli normaa. magaliTad, zogier-Ti muxli pirdapir miuTiTebs maT Carevas,64-e muxliT gansazRvrulia colismtanjveli kacis mefis mier dasja damiTiTebulia: `da kaTalikozmac asreuyos~. 593 iqve miTiTebulia `is kaTalikozmanicis~, muxli 65-e _ `tanjvahyos kaTalikozman~, muxli 66-e _ `kaTalikozmanwurTniT unda Searigos~, muxli79-e _ `kaTalikozman da mefemgardaaxdevinos~, `moZRvarman icis misisakanoni~. 594 muxli 96-e `es saqme kaTalikozmada mefem didad unda moikiTxon~,muxli 97-e `kaTalikozisagangardaexdevineba~ da sxv. mTeli Tavi aqvsdaTmobili episkoposis sakiTxs, magali-Tad, 175-e muxlSi naTqvamia, romsaqarTveloSi episkoposebis Semosavalimcirea da isini ar arian didi qonebispatronebi, radganac `saqarTvelo Raribida usaqonlo qveyana aris, agre rigadarc xelmwifis Semosavali aris, vercamas episkoposis Zma da saxlis kaciepiskoposisagan iSoebs rasme misgan~. 595aseve sagangebo Tavi eZRvneba sasjels`qveynisa da rjulis RalatisTvis~. magaliTad,muxli 222-e ambobs _ `vinckacman qveyanas da qristes rjuls uorgulosRvTisa da batonis orisav mesisxleiqnebis~. 596gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania vaxtangissamarTalSi mocemuli pativis normebi,romliTac saeklesio pirebi mikuTvnebulniarian qveynis sxvadasxva ierarqiulfenas. magaliTad, 25-e muxlis Tanaxmad_`mefisa da kaTalikozis saqme,ukadrisi Tu rac ram feri, orisave sworiaris, imitom rome erTi xorcis xelmwifearis da meore sulisa, kurTxevada pativic RvTisagan da kacTagan sworeaqvT maTi saqme Cven swored dagviweria~.26-e muxliT mTavarepiskoposi pativiTgaTanabrebulia didebul Tavad-Tan, 27-e muxliT episkoposi pativiTgaTanabrebulia Sua TavadTan; 28-e muxliTarqimandritis pativi gaTanabrebuliamesame xarisxis TavadTan; winamZRvarispativi tolia gadidebuli aznaurisa,mRvdel-monazvnis pativi Sua aznaurTanaris gaTanabrebuli, mRvdlis pativi_ calmogvi aznauris pativis tolia(mesame xarisxis aznauri, romelicutoldeba meore xarisxis vaWars). mTavardiakvnispativi msaxuris pativis592q.s.Z., I., gv. 478; 593 iqve, gv. 428; 594 iqve, gv. 501; 595 iqve, gv. 525; 596 iqve, gv. 439.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli225tolia, romelic utoldeba mesamexarisxis vaWars. (mitropolitis sisxlimTavarepiskoposis sisxlis mexuTedsSeadgens). 597vaxtangis kanonebi XIX s-is dasawyis-Sic ki gamoiyeneboda saqarTveloSi rusulimmarTvelobis nebiT, amitomac mis,rogorc imperiis erT kuTxeSi moqmedisamarTlis mimarT xelisufleba interessiCenda. igi iTargmna rusulad da1828 wels gamoica peterburgSi mmarTvelisenatis mier. frangulad igi Targmnamari brosem XIX s-is 30-ian wlebSi.1887 wels meore rusuli gamocema ganaxorcielad. baqraZem q. TbilisSi.frangi rodolf darestis TqmiT, vaxtangiskanonebi `erT-erTi yvelaze sainteresoZeglia samarTlis istoriaSi~. 598igi warmoadgens ara mxolod samoqalaqo,aramed saeklesio samarTlis erT-erTwyaros, amitomac misi Seqmna-SemuSavebisdroidan dRemde saqarTvelos eklesiisistoriis mkvlevarTa Seswavlisobieqts warmoadgens.`samarTali batonisSvilis vaxtangisa~[amokrefili muxlebi]q. myofisa umyofisa, arsisa da uarsisa damaarsisa, mqebi, araTu Rirsad daSeZlebisa Cemisaebr mqebeli da mmonebeli, udebad mqone mpovnel viqmen.viTarca mefeni, dRiTi-dRe mrevelni HelTa margalitTa Sina, da hpoebenmZivTa raTame, da uxilvelobisaTvis aRiReben da STasdeben saunjed, patiosanTaSemkobiT upatiosned margalitTa hyofen, egreTve ufalman Cvenman, mbadman yovel-Taman da sibrZniT gamgebelman, mpova margalitTa Sina mravalTa da aRmiRomsgavsad Hmisa amis meca egreTve, _ umcires viyav me ZmaTa CemTa Soris da umrwmessaxlisa Cemisa, da vmwysidi Tavsa Cemsa ugunurad da TavHedad, Helni Cemni iyvnenmoqmed araris keTilisa, da TiTni Cemni vera romelsa iSromebden nebasa uflisasa,aramed iyvnen uqm. vinme miuTxra esodeni borotni Cemni ufalsa Cemsa.xolo Tavadman ufalman gamoavlina piriTa utyueliTa bZaneba, codvilTamowyaleba, da aRmiRo me unarCevesobasa saxlisa Cemisagan da myo me msajulad daganmged wilHdomilTa queyanaTa ubiwod mSobelisa dedisa Tvisisa araTu qmnilebaTaraTame keTilTa CemTaTvis, aramed unarCevesobisa CemisaTvis, amisTvismca,raTa scnan yovelTa, raTa uswavlelTa da umecarTagan sTnavs da nebavs srulmyofelsaR~Tsa maradis gonebakeTilisa.597q.s.Z., I., gv. 481; 598 iqve, gv. 673.


226 mitropoliti anania jafariZeiyo queyana ese qarTlisa yovliTurT keTiliTa Semkul da Sezavebul,xolo cvalebiTa dReTa da viTarebiTa JamTaTa TviT sibrZniT da TaviTTvisiT sjiden da ganagebden, vieTnime moyusobiT, vieTnime megobrobiT, vieTnimemoridebiT, vieTnime R~Tis uridvelobiT da vieTnime miRebiTa qrTami-Ta, _ viTarca enebaT, sjiden.xolo Cven, nebiTa R~TisaTa da wyalobiTa didis HelmwifisaTa, pirveliTganvezeciT saqarTvelos mefed gankuTnilisa da aw sasufevel caTa Sina sulbrwyinuladmanaTobelisa, pirvel vaxtang wodebulisa, xolo Semdgomad sparsTa eniTaSahnavaz Hmobilisa,Zisa misisa, sruliad qeba-SemsgavsebiT Zniad misaTxrobelisa qarTvelTa mefisada eranelTa sfadar-spasalarisa, amilbar-spaspetisa, uTvalavisa da uamravisspisa da laSqris mewinaved Cenilisa, uvneblad da mterze ZleviT maarebelisa,yandaarisa da qirmanis beglarbegisa, giriSqisa da hailaTis mWiravisa,Zlierisa da uZlevelisa, pirvel giorgi wodebulisa da aw maRlis HelmwifisaganwyalobiT meore SahnavazobiT Hmobilisa,magierad myofman, Zeman eranis mdivanbegis levan Hmobilisa, aw Sahyulixanwodebulisaman, saqarTvelos janiSinman da gamgebelman batoniSvilman patronmanvaxtang, winaTqmulTa amisTvis viwadeT sasamarTlosa wignisa aRwera.pirvel “dabadebisa”, moses mier qmnili samarTalni, da kvalad berZenTa dasomexTa wignTagan gardmoTargmnebuli, egreTve kaTalikozisa, mefis giorgisa dabeqas ganCinebuli samarTlebi SevkribeT da ese yoveli zemore werebulman gamcnosT.xolo eseca scanT, iguleT da igulismodgineT, da romelic genebosT daumjobes giCndesT, miT sjideT da samarTalsa iqmodeT.aw viwyoT ganaCenisa amis, Cven mier aRwerilisaTvis.romelni ixilavT da ismenT, nuravin hgonebT, TviT mxolod TaviT TvisiTrasame vyofdeT, aramed TanayoliTa da mowmeobiTa mRdel-mTavrisa da didisdedaqalaqisa mcxeTisa da kvarTsa zedan sauflosa svetisa RmrTiv aRmarTebulisada miron-aRmocenebulis, saWed-mpyrobelisa da HarisHsa zedan mtkiced mdgomelisa,Zmisa Cvenisa, batoniSvilis kaTalikozis domentisiTa,egreTve TanadgomiTa aragvis erisTviSvilis mTavarebiskopozis grigoliTi dasxvaTa mitrapolit-ebiskopoz-winamZRvarTa da samRrToganTaTa,da mowmeobiTa da TanazraxviTa muxranis batonis erekleTi, aragvis erisTavisgiorgiTa, qsnis erisTvis daviTisiTa, orbeliZe sardris luarsabiTa, amilaxorisavTandiliTa, mdivanbegis erastiTa da sxvaTa yovelTa darbaziserTa CvenTaTa,da kiTxviTa WkuaTa myofelTa da moxucebulTa kacTaTa gavaCineT da davwereT,romelsa mivwvdiT da anu gonebani Cvenni samarTalTa mixudnen.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli227amiT ufro viqmeniT mizez wignisa amis, rameTu aRaravin gandrikos sasworsasamarTlisasa qrTamiT, gina moyusobiT anu sxvefriv riTme midgomiTa, aramedpirvel ganaCenni ixilon, da axali eseca, da romelic enebos mosamarTlesa, miTiqmodes samarTalsa.me es wigni asre ar damiweria da arca viCemeb, rome ara akldes ra. bevri aseTisaCivrebi aris da mova, rome zogi ver movigoneT da arc miswudebis kacis goneba.vinc mixudes rasme da moigonos, CaurTos da Casweros, kargsa da marTebuls iqs.25. mefisa da kaTalikozis saqme, ukadrisi Tu rac ram feri, orisave sworiaris, amitom rome erTi Horcis Helmwife aris da meore - sulisa, kurTxeva dapativic RuTisagan da kacTagan swore aqvT. dastur, mefes ufross pativs scemen,magrame Horcielis SiSiT iqmonen. amitom maTi saqme Cven swored dagviweria. Tuara sjobdes, vinc ukeT icodes, Cven nuras gvabralebs, iman daweros.numca vin ikadrebs da numca vis SeemTxveDs eseviTari, romeli avnebs Horcsa daumetesad sulsa, nuca samRTo kacisa da nuca sxvaTa ZeTa adamisaTa, _ romelsa mevHmob, eseviTari.nu Tu pirveliTganve samoTxidam pirvelisa mamis, adamis, gamomZebelman, dauZinebelman,maradis mbrZolman da mterman, uxilavman eSmakman TvisiTa manqanebiTa dasabrHe-gebiTa aRZras bunebani kacTani Surad da kulad kacisad, gina saRmToganTazedan, gina Tu didebulTa da Tavadsa zedan anu Tu aznaurTa da glexTa zedan, anuTu mama Zesa da Ze mamazeda, gina Zma Zmazeda da moyuasi moyuaszeda, - eseviTarssaqmes SeemTxvios, mas ukan amis meti aRara gaewyobis ra, rogorc dagveweros, asreunda iqnas.26. didebulis Tavadis mTeli sikudilis sisxli - aTas xuTas ocdaTequsmetiTumani. am didebulis Tavadis tolad - mTavarebiskopozis sisxli. am mTavarebiskopozissisxlze mexuTed naklebad - mitropolitis sisxli.27. didebuls quemoTis, Suas Tavadis sisxli - Svidas samocdarva Tumani.amasTan, asre - didebulis saxlis kacis sisxli. amasTan, asre -ebiskopozis sisxli.28. amas quemoTs, mesames Tavadis sisxli - samas oTxmocdaoTxi Tumani.amasTan, asre - arqimandritis sisxli.29. gadidebulis aznauris sisxli - as oTxmocdaTormeti Tumani. amasTanasre - winamZRvris sisxli.30. amas quemoTis, Suas aznauris sisxli - oTxmocdaTequsmeti Tumani. amasTan,asre - mRdel-monoznis sisxli. amasTanve, amis mexuTed sisxl-daklebiT, _ mwirismonoznisa. am Suas aznauris mTelis sisxlis toladve - didebulis didvaWrismoqalaqis sisxli.


228 mitropoliti anania jafariZe31. calmogvis, mesames aznauris sisxli - ormocdarva Tumani, amasTan, asre -mRvdlis sisxli. amasTan - didebulis vaWris quemoTis, meores vaWris sisxli.32. amasTan, asre daklebiT, msaxuris sisxli - ocdaoTxi Tumani. amasTan -mTavardiakvnis sisxli. amasTan - Suas vaWris quemoT, mesames vaWris sisxli.64. magram kaci rom cols stanjDdes da upatiurad epyrobodes, da urigosuSurebodes, mefem is kaci daabas, datuqsos, avad miepyras da kaTalikozmacasre uyos.sxva amas garda Tu ram col-qrmobaSi urigo ram moHdes, is kaTalikozman icis.65. Tu colman qmari moklas anu wamliT anu, sxva riTme, gasinjeT, risTvismouklavs. Tu aseTi ram eqnas, rom emarTlebodes, Tqven iciT; da Tu ubralomokla, egec Tqven iciT. R~Tn nu qnas, da Tu Cvens JamSi moHda, Cven viciT.Tu colman qmars an sces, an daWras, didi gvema da tanjva uyos kaTalikozman.66. coli da qmari ragind sZulden erTmaneTsa, ubralod gayra ar iqnebis,kaTalikozma wurTniT unda Searigos.79. agreve moHdeba, ded-mamaSi sxvac ram umarTebulo moHdes. Tu gamoCndes, kaTalikozmada mefem gardaaHdevinos; Tu ar gamoCndes, moZRvarma icis misi sakanono.106. sasaflao, xati, jvari, saydris mamuli erTia. Tu ar gahyofen, isi sjobs,saydris ymasa.[ebiskopozis beiTalmalisa asre iqnas] 175. ebiskopozis beiTalmali CvensmixdomaSi srulobiT saydrisa unda iyos, magrame viTac saqarTvelo Raribi dausaqonlo queyana aris, agre rigad arc Helmwifis Semosavali aris, verc arasebiskopozis Zma da saxlis kaci ebiskopozisagan iSoebs rasme misgan, romeebiskopozis damarxva SeiZlos, amitom uwinac ase yofila garigebuli da aRarcCven movSaleT.asre iqnebodes. romelic saydris rigi da iaraRi ebizkopozs iq daxudomia,imas gardais kidev Tu TviTon Tavis JamSi an Tavis kondakiT da an saydrismamulidam saydrisaTvis gaukeTebia ram da Seuwiravs, is saydars ar moeSlebis.da imaT gareTad Tu ram darCebis TeTri, farCa, vercxli, puri, Rvino dapirutyui, imisgan erTi wili saHelmwifo aris, erTi wili saydrisa, erTi wiliebiskopozis Zmebisa, rom ebiskopozi damarxon.[bolosityvaoba]. q. TviT, TaviT TvisiT aRmometyueli wignisa amis samsajulosada momRebeli winaSe yovelTa myofTa da yofadTa, Ze mefeTa da ganmgebeliqarTvelTa erTa, batoniSvili vaxtang, kualad vityvi Tquenda.eha, warCinebulno da R~Tisa erTuflebisa da samTviTebis gulmHurvlad madidebelnoda Seuorgulebulno sakuTarno mamano, kaTalikozno, ebiskopozno,


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli229mitrapolitno, winamZRvarno, mRdelno da sxvano samRrToganno, da SemdgomadCvenda mefeno, ufliswulno, didebulno, Tavadno, aznaurno da yovelno myofnoqarTlisano, romelni hgiebT da kvalad sxvani egebodeT, da ixilevdeT naRvawTada werebulTa wignTa amaT sasamarTloTa, Cven mier TqmulTa da Tqvenda momarTmoRebulsa, pirvelve dasawyisman wignisa amisamanve gamcnosT da munve mogiTxrasT,Tu viTar mizez veqmeniT aRwerad TviToeulad samarTalTa.friadiTa SromiTa da mravlisa gamomeZieblobiTa TviT vigulismodgineT.romelsa zedan mowmoba darTes erTa CvenTa srulobiT samRrToTa da ginasamHedroTaman, brZenman da monaxulman, yovelmanve erTbamad. da ese esreT arsSemzadebuli.xolo sxvanic zemore xsenebulni wignebi sasamarTloni didTa samefoTani, moviZieTda moviReviT, da mravlis sasjeliTa vidre welTa meoredmde gardmovTargmneT.da iginica uklebelad aRgviweries da ars Semkobili yovlisa samarTliTa.aramed, vinaTgan qarTvelTa wesni da qcevani sxva rame ars da ara mihgavssxvaTa queyanisa rigTa da qceulebaTa, sxva ars didebuli da Tavadi, sxva arssisxli da sikudili, sxva ars Ralati da ukadrisi, amad eseviTarisa samarTalnisxvaTa ganaCenTa Sina moklebiT ipoebis da maTi wigni ufros Cvenda uHmar ars.nu siqadulad SemiracxavT, da vgonebT umjobesad yovelTasa wignsa amas, sasargeblodqueyanisa amisad. amad nuravin sZulobs da iundovebs.aw viajebi yoelTa da isminon ese. romelman brZenman da gulisHmismyovelmanmsajulman da mosamarTleman aRmokveTisaTvin qrTamTa da miudgomlobisTvin moyuas-Ta da Tvaluxvavad sjaTa wvrTilebisaTvin imZulvaroT wigni ese da moiZagoT, daineboT Secvla samarTalTa sxvebr raTme, amas nu hyofT, nuca garyvniT werilTaCvenTa, romeli aRgveweros. aramed romelman umjobesi sibrZniT TvisiT hpoos,igi CarTviT, Tvisve Tqmulad, sad enebos, mun daweros da igic egos.xolo romelman ara isminos vedreba ese da moSalos samarTlebi Cveni, sxvebrSecvalnes, codvaTa CvenTa mier igimca daisjebis.222. q. vinc kacma queyanas da qristes rjuls uorgulos, kidec xedevdes, imiTrjuli waHdebodes, imas miyues, _ R~Tisa da batonisa orisav mesisxle iqnebis dayoveli avi imaze marTebuli aris. 599599qarTuli samarTlis Zegllebi, t. I, 1963, gv. 477-539.


230 mitropoliti anania jafariZeTbilisis III saeklesio kreba (16.XI.1748 w.)1748 wlis 16 noembers mefe TeimurazisZis erekle II-is brZanebiTmowveul iqna saeklesio kreba. es krebawarmoadgenda cdas, aRdgeniliyo ZveliqarTuli saeklesio-saxelmwifoebriviwesrigi. saqme is iyo, rom 1632 wlidanvidre 1744 wlamde sparsTa mier gauqmebuliiyo qarTuli saxelmwifoebriobiserovnuli saxe, qarTl-kaxeTs marTavdnenmahmadiani mmarTvelebi. erovnulqristianulisaeklesio-samoqalaqo er-Toba, romelsac ZvelqarTuli saxelmwifoebriobaefuZneboda, moispo. qarTlismahmadiani mmarTvelebi `mSvidobianicxovrebis~ niRbiT faravdnen erovnul-qarTulisuliskveTebis daTrgunvasada Cakvlas. `SeeriaT qarTvelTagancxroma, sma-Wama yizilbaSuri, siZva,mruSoba, tyuvili, xorcTa gansveneba,abano, keklucoba ugvani, meCange,mgosani. rameTu ama saqmeTa moqmedTagankide aravis scemdnen pativsa~ yizilbaSnio,_ wers vaxuSti batoniSvili.erovnuli tradiciebis Sinagani rRveva_ represiebze ufro metad saSiS movlenaswarmoadgenda qarTvelebisaTvis. 600qarTveloba gadagvarda, eklesiamdakarga Zveli saxelmwifoebrivi funqciebida xalxis zneobazec gavlenasveRar axdenda. qveyana gairyvna, erovnulobaSeirya. qarTvelebma icodnen, rommironcxebuli (e.i. qristiani) mefistaxtze asvla yvela am ubedurebas bolosmouRebda imiT, rom qarTuli saxelmwifoerovnul xasiaTs daibrunebda.SemuSavda sagangebo programa saqar-Tvelos `gamoxsnisa da aRdgomisa~, yvelazemowinave Zalebi Cveni qveynisa`gamoxsnis~ qveS gulisxmobdnen mahmadianurisaxelmwifoebis uRlisagan saqarTvelosgaTavisuflebas da erovnulqristianulisaxelmwifoebriobis aRdgenas,xolo `aRdgomis~ qveS igulisxmebodadidi saqarTvelos aRdgena `darubandidannikofsiamde~ (e.i. gamahmadianebulimesxeTis, saingilosa da afxazeTis_ dedasamSoblos wiaRSi dabruneba).marTlac, aswlovanma moRvaweobamTavisi Sedegi gamoiRo. 1744 wlis1-el oqtombers akurTxes qarTlis qristianimefe Teimurazi sveticxovelSi.esaa ubednieresi TariRi qarTuli erisada eklesiis aTaswlovan cxovrebaSi.rogorc iTqva, mahmadianTa mmarTvelobisasyovelmxriv (sulierad da ekonomikurad)dauZlurda qarTuli eklesia.saWiro iyo saqmis swrafi gamosworeba,risTvisac didad uRvawia Cvensudides patriarqs anton I kaTalikoss.Cans, igi ramdenime wlis manZilze amzadebdasaeklesio krebas. 1748 wels, qristianmefeTa taxtis aRdgenidan sul male,Sedga saeklesio kreba qalaq TbilisSi.krebis mizani Cans gamocemul kanonebSi,krebam aRniSna: `vinaidgan pirvel amaTsawarmarTni mefeni flobdes qarTvel-Ta, ranTa, kaxTa da yovlobiTad ersaRmrTisasa da qristes cxovarTa araavlendes wrfelad mwvanilovansa, aramedaZovebdes ekalTa da kurosTavTa zedada amaT mizezTa mier naTlad sja dasjulis xedva mifarul iyo da umecar-600l. menabde, qarTlis kaTalikosi evdemoz I, saRvTismetyvelo krebuli, 1986, #1, gv. 101.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli231Ta werilisaTa ganryvnil iyo da dakninebulkanuni da wesi eklesiisa~. 601e.i. aqamde `warmarTi~ (igulisxmebamahmadiani) mefeebi flobdnen qarTl-kaxeTs,isini `qristes cxovarT~ (e.i. qristianebs,qarTvelebs) mwvane saZovars kiar aZovebdnen, aramed nar-ekals, amis gamogairyvna kanoni da saeklesio wesi, gonebacdabnelebuli iyo (`naTlad sja~)saRmrTo werilis arcodnis gamoo.`maSin RmrTis msaxurman mefeman, yovladsanatrelman patriarqman, wmidaTamitropolitTa, arqiepiskoposTa, arqimandritTada mRvdelTa sulisa mxurvalebiTamoiRes pirvelad mtkice brZanebawmidis saxarebisa da samociqulosakanunisa da wmidaTa SvidTa msoflioTakrebaTa da wamebiTa maTiTa aRavses nakluvanebaeklesiisa, daamtkices da daaweseskanuni ese 27~. 602aRsaniSnavia, rom es kreba saqarTveloseklesias xazgasmiT uwodebs `samociquloeklesias~. erekle mefemo, nabr-Zanebia am ZeglSi, `Semokribna mwyemsnisityvierTa kravTani mtkicesa Sina qalaqsatfilisisa, saRmrToTa samsjelmmarTebelsapalatsa Sina yovelTa Txemisa samociqulosaeklesiisaY~.eklesiam aRniSna Tavisi marTlmadideblurimimarTuleba imiT, rom aRiaramxolod Svidi msoflio krebis avtoriteti,kaTolikuri eklesia aRiarebs araSvid, aramed gacilebiT ufro meti krebisavtoritets, radganac X-XVII ss-Si, erTobis droindeli Svidi msofliokrebis Semdeg kaTolikur samyaroSiCatarda mravali gaerTianebuli kreba,romelTac kaTolikeni `msoflio~ krebadmoixsenieben. 1748 wlis saeklesiokrebis mier, rogorc aRiniSna, mxolodSvidi saeklesio krebis damowmeba qarTulieklesiis wmida, marTlmadideblurtradiciul mimarTulebaze miuTiTebda.miuxedavad Sinagani marTlmadidebluribunebisa, kreba qarTul eklesias`samociqulos~ uwodebs. saqme isaa, romsityva `samociqulo~ Tavis TavSi SeicavsRrma saeklesio-iuridiul datvirTvas.Zvelad samociqulo eklesia Tavisiiurisdiqciis qveS myofi teritoriismTel mkvidr mosaxleobas Tavis samwysodganixilavda, e.i. miaCnda, rom nebismierimoqalaqe, mis samwysoSi Semavali,unda SeerTeboda im sarwmunoebrivaRmsareblobas, romelsac mociqulis miernaqadagebad Tvlida. saqarTvelos magaliTzees aseT saxes iRebda: saqarTvelo-Si mociqulTa da mociqulTa swor wm.ninos mier marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoebamiiRo mTelma mosaxleobam, anuqarTvelma erma, SemdgomSi JamTa viTarebisada mterTa Semosevebis gamo saqarTveloseklesiis am samwysoSi, anu qarTulimosaxleobis erT nawilSi ucxo eklesiebmagaavrceles ucxo sarwmunoebani(magaliTad, monofizitoba, kaTolikoba,mahmadianoba), mosaxleobis amukve aramarTlmadideblur nawilsacqarTuli eklesia Tavis samwysod miiCnevdaTavisi samociquloobis gamo daTvlida, rom mas ufleba hqonda emuSavaqarTvel kaTolikeebTan, mahmadianebTan,grigorianebTan, warmarTebTan, raTa isinidabrunebodnen mociqulTa mier naqadagebsarwmunoebas, Tavis dedaeklesias.maSasadame, marTlmadideblobas. es termini(`samociqulo~) saeklesio-iuridiuldatvirTvas Seicavda da `samociqulod~wodebiT saqarTvelos eklesia mTelmkvidr mosaxleobas, anu mTel ers sar-601qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, gv. 798; 602 iqve, gv. 799.


232 mitropoliti anania jafariZewmunoebrivi orientaciis miuxedavadTavis kanonier samwysod Tvlida.1748 wlis krebis kanonSi `patriarqiantoni~ Tavis Tavs `sruliad saqarTvelosmsajulvels~ uwodebs. 603 marTlac,qarTlis kaTalikosi, rogorc wina saeklesiokrebebis (magaliTad, `samarTalikaTalikosTa~) ganxilvidan Cans, sruliadsaqarTvelos eklesiis upirvelesi sasulieromsajuli, kanonmdebeli iyo. xelrTvebSicantoni Tavis Tavs aRmosavleTsaqarTvelos kuTxeebTan erTad `samcxe-saaTabagosada yovlisa qvemo saqar-Tvelosa~ patriarqs uwodebs. 604 ucxour(berZnul) wyaroebSi afxazeTis, anudasavleT saqarTvelos sakaTalikosos`qvemo iberiis saarqiepiskoposo~ ewodeba,msgavsadve qarTul sabuTebSic dasavleTsaqarTvelos `qvemo iveria~, anda`qvemo saqarTvelo~ ewodeba, aRmosavleTsaqarTvelos ki `zemo~. antoni TavisTavs aRmosavleT da dasavleT saqar-Tvelosa da rac yuradsaRebia, im drosukve gamahmadianebuli samcxe-saaTabagospatriarqs uwodebs. mizezi amisaiyo is, rom `samociqulo~ qarTuli eklesiismeTauri Tavis samwysod Tvlidagamahmadianebul qarTvelebsac da iRvwodamaTi dedaeklesiis wiaRSi dabrunebisaTvis.krebis mier gamocemul kanonTa 1-eli _ me-6 muxlebi exeba eklesiis mowyobasada wirva-locvis momzadebis wesrigisdacvas. me-7 _ 16-e muxlebi SeexebamRvdelTa garegnuli da zneobrivisaxis dacvas. me-17 _ 19-e muxlebi mi-TiTebaa episkoposebisadmi saeklesio wesrigisdacvis Sesaxeb, me-20 _ 24-e muxlebiexeba qorwinebis sakiTxebs, 25-emuxli exeba naTlobis sakiTxs, 26-emuxli Seexeba saeklesio mamulebissaqmes, 27-e muxli Seexeba zvarakis (cxvris,pirutyvis) dakvlis akrZalvas eklesiisSemogarenSi. saerTod, aRsaniSnavia,rom es kanonebi SemuSavebuliarusul eklesiaSi miRebuli Targis Sesabamisad.magaliTad, me-4 muxli krZalavstrapezis `kedelsa zeda aRkvras~,maSin roca ZvelqarTul patara zomiseklesiebSi sakurTxevlis simciris gamomouxerxebeli iyo trapezis Sua adgilas(`saSualos zeda~) dafuZneba da pirdapiradgamdnen aRmosavleT kedels. rusuleklesiaSi msgavsi praqtika ar arsebobda,amitomac krebam qarTul eklesiaSicakrZala. 27-e muxliT aikrZala zvarakisdakvla eklesiis ezoSi, maSin rocaaRmosavleTis qristianul eklesiebSimiRebuli iyo cxovelis dakvla, Sesabamisilocvac ki arsebobda, saqme isaa,rom es zvaraki miiCneoda ara RvTisadmiSesawirad, aramed eklesiisadmi da Rv-Tisadmi pativiscemis gamosaxatavad daSenawirad (iseve rogorc, vTqvaT, Senawiriiyo fuli, sanTeli, naWeri da sxv.).msoflio eklesiisa da am SemTxvevaSirusuli praqtikisaTvis ucxo iyo es uZvelesieklesiis qristianuli gadmonaS-Ti _ 1748 wels krebamac akrZala. amismsgavsi sxva magaliTebic aris.krebis mier gamocemul kanonebs,romelTac TavianTi mniSvneloba dResacar daukargavs, xels aweren erekle mefekaxeTisa da `mmarTveli qarTlisa~, antonkaTalikosi, amba alaverdeli episkoposi,mcxeTeli (samTavroeli) episkoposida goris mitropoliti, tfileli,xornabujeli (qiziyeli), ninowmideli,mroveli, nekres-gremeli, wilkneli,kawareli, urbneli, xargisTvaleli,603qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, gv. 798; 604 iqve, gv. 803.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli233samTavneli, Werem-qalaqeli episkoposebi,qvaTaxevis arqimandriti, kaxTa mefiskaris winamZRvari, qarTlis mefiskaris winamZRvari, `didi eklesiis~ (albaT,sveticxovlis) ikonomosi, xelimoaweres patriarqis moZRvarma da mefisxucesma, kaxTa mefis dekanozma, alaverdiseklesiis dekanozma.saerTod, 1748 wlis kreba es iyosamagaliTo, saCvenebeli, didi kreba,romelic Rrma Seswavlas moiTxovs. eskreba cdilobda ruis-urbnisisa da ZveliqarTuli krebebis kanonSemoqmedebisada sisavsis restavracia-aRdgenas,amasTanave, cdilobda rusul eklesiaSidanergili praqtikis gadmoRebasac.Tedo Jordania am krebis Sesaxeb wers:`kreba gaixsna anton kaTalikosis palatebSi,damswreTa Soris iyo erekle II,krebis dros magidaze esvena cxovelmyofelijvarpatiosani, wmida saxarebada sjuliskanoni. krebis Sedegs mematianemokled, magram naTlad gadmogvcems,rom `ganarCives da aRmofxvresyovelive uwesod qcevani da daudvesmociqulT da mRvdelmTavarT kanonisjuli mtkice da Seuryeveli qristianobisa,romelsa mogiTxrobT wmida kanonimaTi~... mematiane miuTiTebs agreTve eparqiaTaraodenobasa (15 yofila, 8 qarTlSida 7 kaxeTSi) da maTi sazRvrebis dadgenaze,rogorc Cans, Znelbedobis Jamsdaqvrivebuli eparqiebi ganaxlda dakrebis mere ar darCa arc erTi, Tavisiepiskoposi rom ar hyoloda. RvTismsaxurebisgaumjobesebisa da sxvadasxva naklovanebaTaaRmofxvrisaTvis brZolaSisaukeTeso saSualebad miiCnies stambisgaxsna da saRvTismetyvelo wignebis beWdva.krebam didi Sroma gaswia im stambismosaZieblad, romelic vaxtang VI-m CamoataninavlaxeTidan (1709), magram,romelic droTa ganmavlobaSi saqarTvelodanruseTSi aRmoCnda. gansakuTrebiTgaisarja kaTalikosi, mas mefec daexmara,stamba gamarTes da dabeWdiliwignebiT `aivso qarTlio~, wers mematiane.aq daibeWda yvela saRvTismetyvelowigni, garda Tvenisa da sadResaswaulosa.am stambidan gamosul zogierTwigns saeklesio wirva-locvebis drosvxmarobdiT Cven XX s-is 70-80-ian wleb-Sic. stamba arsebobda 1795 wlamde. vidresparseTis Sahma aRa-mahmad-xanma ardaangria Tbilisis dapyrobis dros.am krebis erTgvar gagrZelebas warmoadgensmeore kreba, romelic kaTalikosmamoiwvia mcxeTaSi 1749 wlis dekemberSi,rogorc Cans, kreba moulodneladCatarda da moiwvies ismRvdelmTavrebi, vinc erekles meuRlis,dedofal anas dakrZalvas eswrebodnen.amjerad, Tavyrilobis mizezi iyo is qristianuliwesCveulebani, ramac Tavi iCinadedoflis datirebisa da dasaflavebisdros da Seavso pirveli krebis dadgenilebani.mematiane mokled SeniSnavs:`iqmna wmida kreba da aRmofxvresqarTlisa qveyanisagan saqme yoveli ujero,wmidaman patriarqman antonim ganmarTnagandrekileba da winaaRmdegisjulisa, tirili da ujero kerpuriglova yovelive daayenes~. aRniSnulkrebaze gansakuTrebuli yuradReba mieqcaxalxis zne-Cveulebebis ganwmendas, gardaamisa, Zveli qarTuli saeklesio kanonebisTanaxmad kvlav daaweses didi jarimaimaT winaaRmdeg, vinc miRebul wesdebasuaryofda~. 605605T. Jordania, `anton I~, saRvTismetyvelo krebuli, #1, 1991, gv. 66.


234 mitropoliti anania jafariZe`kanonni~ _ 1748 wlis saeklesio krebisa[sruli teqsti][1] saTnoyofiTa RmrTisa yovelTa mbadisaTaQ iqvelgulsmodgina rtoman daviTisaman,RmrTiv-cxebulis Teimuraz mefis Zeman irakli pankrationman, kaxTamefeman, ganmgebelman qarTlisaman, xolo TDT vidreme RmrTiTa pinaqsul sjuleb-Ta marTl-meaRsareman aRaxuna gonebis cis naTlis bWeni da wadierebis RrubliTaSemokribna mwyemsni sityvierTa kravTani mtkicesa Sina qalaqsa tfilisisaQ, saRmrToTasamsjelm-marTebelosa palatsa Sina, yovelTa Txemisa samociqulos eklesiisaTa,Tan-Tnebo-zraxva-jer-CinebiTa yovlad sanatrelsa, TDT misve sadaviTossqesiTisa mefis Zis antoni patriarqisaTa, sruliad saqarTvelos msajulvelisaTaQ,romelTa saukunomca arian kurTxevani;vinaQdgan pirvel amaTsa warmarTni mefeni flobdes qarTvelTa, ranTa, kaxTada yovlobiTad ersa RmrTisasa da qristes cxovarTa ara avlendes wrfeladmwvanvilovansa, aramed aZovebdes ekalTa da kurosTavTa zeda; da amaT mizezTa miernaTlad sja da sjuls-xedva mifarul iyo da umecrebiTa werilisaTa ganryuniliyo da dakninebul kanuni da wesi eklesiisaQ.maSin RmrTis msaxurman mefeman, yovlad sanatrelman patriaqman, wmidaTamitropolitTa, arqiepiskoposTa, arqimanditTa da mRdelTa sulisa mxurvalebi-Ta, miiRes pirvelad mtkice brZanebaQ wmidisa saxarebisa da samociqulos kanunisaQda wmidaTa SvidTa msoflioTa krebaTa, da wamebiTa maTiTa aRavses naklulevanebaeklesiisa, daamtkicnes da dawernes kanuni ese kz Tav-Taveoanad, Tvesanoenmbersa ig, dResa kviriakesa, qristes aqeT aTas SDdas ormocdarva[2]1. uflis qristes sZalsa, eklesiis Sina wmida trapezsa zeda, TDnier saxarebisa,samkveTlosa, odikisa da juaris, nuravin xel-yofs Jamis-wirvad.2. ityvis wmida ese RmrTiv kreba, raTa aqundes sakurTxevelsa kankels, samnikarni saSual, imier da amier, romel ese friad jer-ars. da kulad simciris daiwroebisaTDs eklesiisa, orni oden qmnan karni. xolo erTisa karisa qmnas nuravinikadrebs, rameTu ujero ars da uSver saqme ese. xolo kankeli SeZlebisaebr, romlisacarisme qmnan nivTisaQ.3. odes iqmnes JamTagan daZvelebuli da daglejili wmidaQ odiki, gina damwvaricecxliTa saSual anu kerZo misi, gina gardaufareblad da SiSvlad iyoswmidaQ trapezi, amaT mizezTa mier wmidaQ msxverplis Sewirva dagviyenebia.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli2354. ama krebisa Semdgomad vamcnebT yovelTa marTlmorwmuneTa qristianeTaukueTu vinme inebon gulsmodginebiT aRSeneba RmrTisa eklesiisa, jer-arsmaTda, raTa wmidaQ trapezi sakurTxevels saSuals zeda daafuZnon, raTa gareSemouvliden mRdelni, xolo kedelsa zeda aRkrva wmidis trapezisa ujero arsda nuravin ikadrebs.5. vamcnebT episkoposTa sityvierTa cxovarTasa, raTa umecarni werilisanisadiakonni da samRdeloni, romelTa ara uwyoden wakiTxva keTilad wmidisa saxarebisa,samociqulos ebistolisa, kurTxevnisa da kondakisa, ara miiRon maT zedakurTxeva da niWi sulisa wmidisa, romel-ese sruliad gangvigdies, rameTu viTaregebis umecarTagan msaxureba wmidisa trapezisaQ.6. Jamsa wmidisa Jamis-wirvisasa, ukeTu oden ara aqvndes mRdelsa sanTeliaRsanTebelad da sakmeveli kmevad, nu ikadreben wirvad, aramed daecados.[3] 7. ukeTu oden ipovnen mRdelni eklesiisani, saeriskacoTa mokliTa samosliTamosilni aRkvarTulad, ganiwvarTnen episkoposisagan, rameTu friad uSverebaars maTda da Rirs arian kicxevisa.8. qalaqTa Sina, gina sofelTa Sina, anu simravlesa Sina erisasa ukeTuoden ipovnen mRdelni samxedroTa saWurveliTa aRWurvilni, vamcnebT uSverebaTamaTTa anu dadvan saWurveli da maxDli maTi, da ukeTu kula ara isminon,gardaeyenen mRdelobisagan.9. vamcnebT monazonTa memxoloeTa ukeTu, Tvinier nebisa da Sendobisa TDsismamis da winamZRvrisa, gamovides monastriT, yovladve nuravin Seiwynarebs mas,aramed ganaZon, viTarca urCi WeSmaritisa kanunisaQ da morCilebis damwixneli.10. xuces-monazonsa, romelsa ara rwmunebul iyos winamZRroba sawinamZRrosaeklesi[i]sa, jer-ars misa, raTa anu Tana-yvebodes episkopos[s]a, anu iyosmonastersa Sina ZmaTa Tana. xolo ukeTu ara, da iqceodes eriskacTa Tana ginamamulsa da saxlsa Sina iyofebodes, eseviTarisa mis qcva uweso ars da gangebul,da nuRara ikadrebs.11. vamcnebT mRdelTa eklesiisaTa ukeTu inebon moZRvrebad erisa anu aRsarebisSewynarebad sityvierTa samwysoTa, [jer-ars], raTa pirvelad miiRon brZanebada Sendoba Tavisis episkoposisagan, da ukeTu kula ara miiRon Sendoba da brZanebaepiskoposisa nu odes ikadreben moZRvrebad erisa, rameTu uweso aris.12. ukeTu odesme mivides samRvdeloTagani sxvisa episkoposisa samrevlosaSina, TDnier Tana-jer-Cinebisa da Sendobisa mis episkoposisa, nu ikadrebs Jamiswirvad,gina samRvdlosa saidumlosa aRsrulebad. xolo eseca jer-ars misa, raTaTDsisaca episkoposisa Sendobis wigni aqvndes; egreTve xuces-monazon[n]ica yofden amas.13. amasca kanons vamcnebT mRdelTa romelTa enebosT usisxlos msxverplisSewirva, raTa miiRon sakurTxevlad sefiskverni xuTni rCeulisa ifqlisani, da


236 mitropoliti anania jafariZeukeTu ar aqvndes. iSviaTad sadme samni miiRon, da amaTs kide nametnavsa da naklebsazeda nu ikadreben Jamis-wirvad.14. xucesni da yovloba samarTlmadideblosa qristeanobisa viTarca uyofdespativsa wmidasa trapezsa. egreTve msgavsad pativscemdnen wmidasa embazsa.15. ukeTu vieTnime mRdelni bralsa, gina risaTDsme mizezisa mRdelobisagandayenebul iyvnen, nurvin ikadrebs episkoposTagani micemad misa samRdelosa olarisa,rameTu arca erTi romelime saidumlo ara aResrulebis mis mier, aramed sruliaddayenebul ars.16. romelsaca visme mRdelTagansa eklesia qristesi arwmunebdes, makurTxevelisaganara jer-ars misa, TDnier didisa Wirisa, raTa daaklos raime saeklesiowesis aRsruleba locvisa da wmida Jamis-wirvisaQ.17. ukeTu kula sadme gamoCndes samre[v]losa episkoposisagan kerpTa miermopovnebuli saqme grZnebaQ, meqereoba, gina beWis-mxedveloba, anu Tayvanis-cemaxisa, gina sxvis nivTisa, miumcnebT episkoposTa, raTa TviToeulman TDssa samwysosaSina sruliad aRmoagdon da ganmarglon saqme ese.18. qristes sZlisa da dedoflis eklesiasa Sina ara wes ars kanun noagobaTa datablaTa miReba, gina Sinagan damarxva xilisa, da noagobaTa nivTisa, da Wama masSina, rameTu saxli aris salocveli RmrTisaQ.19. episkoposi da ufrosad mRdelni ganekrZalnen, raTa wmidasa Sina kDriakesa,anu sauflosa dResaswaulsa ara daaklden erni misni locvisa da wmidisa Jamisawirvisa mosmenad, rameTu yovlad Tanamdeb arian mislvad.20. vamcnebT episkoposTa, mRdelTa da eklesi[i]s mourneTa, raTa ganekrZalnen[S]julTa RmrTisa da ara Serion naTesaoba uwesoTa qorwinebiTa, aramed esreTyofden iyavn dasabam pirvel mama da misgan raQ gamoekveTnen oTxni erT kerZo dakulad oTxni erTkerZo, xolo es iqms Tvinier dasabamisa mis, ricxvsa rvasa dasrul iqmnes orsave kerZosa ricxvi rva, _ mexuTe erT kerZosa da mexuTe meorisakerZosa _ ese mexuTeni SeiuRvlian urTierTas. da ama mexuTeTa naklebs aravisganuCinebT qmnad qorwinebisa.21. ganvakrZalebT zogad yovelTa marTlmadidebelTa qristeaneTa, raTa aravinmiiyvanos colad, uwesoTa qorwinebiTa, dedakaci gantevebuli qmrisagan, rameTucxadad mruSebisa bralsa Sina STaeflDs, viTarca mogDRebies wmidisagan saxarebisaqristes naTqvami saRmTo brZaneba, viTarmed “romelman gantevebuli SeirTos,manca imruSao”; da amas Tana ewamebian samociqulonica kanuni da erTxmobiTwmidani SDdni msoflioni krebani da ufrosRa didi basili.amisTDs Cvenca erTxmobiT Tana-miuxmaebT da davamtkicebT Tqmulsa maTsa,raTa romelTaca esxnen usjulod Seyofilni, qmrisagan gantevebulni, memruSenidedakacni, myis daixsnas da dairRDos uweso da usjulo qorwineba maTi, da am-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli237ieridgan aravis Hel-ewifos qmnad eseviTarisa cTomilis bWobisa, xolo esevi-Tarni memruSeTa Tana gardaisebian (sic) kanunsa da uZDressaca, rameTu cxad arsbrali codvisa maTisa.22. xolo ukeTu enebos visme qorwineba wignis mkiTxvelsa mgalobelsa [da]aRslva xarisxsa mRdelobisasa, pirvel kerZo diakonad kurTxevisa miiyvanos coladqalwuli, viTar aTormetisa wlisa, gina aTsametisa da qorwinebis ziarebiTaakurTxos mRdelman SeerTxorcva maTi, da Semdgomad SeerTebisa aRvides xarisxsakerZo diaknobisasa, da merme mRdelobisasa.xolo ukeTu ara yon esreT, aramed iqorwinon qalisa Tana uasakosa, ginaCvilisa, da xelTdasxmul iqmnen diakvnad da xucad da maSinRa gaxrwnan colnimaTni, romel-ese sruliad ugulisxmoebisa saqme ars da gansagdebel da dayenebulCven yovelTa mier.23. meoTxes da mexuTes, gina uwesosa mraval qorwinebas sruliad aRfxuris daganaZebs eklesi[i]T msoflio ese RmrTiv kreba.24. eseca dayenebul ars Cven yovelTa mier, raTa amieridgan arRara eqorwinosmarTlmadidebeli kaci mwvalebelsa, gina sxva sarwmunoebiansa dedakacsa, ginamarTlmadidebeli dedakaci mwvalebels mamakacs, rameTu ara jer-ars erTisa baksaSina slva cxvrisa da mglisaQ.25. nu odes nuca aRiqmen Svilsa mwvalebelTasa naTlisRebisa mier marTlmadidebelni,da nuca svinad daiyeneben mwvalebelsa marTlmorwmuneni.ukeTu kula ara Tavs idvan esreT, wmidisa ziarebisgan ganiyenebian, ara naTladslvisa Semwynarebelni igi.26. amasca vikadrebT RmrTismsaxurebisa TqvenisaTDs, keTilmorwmuneno mefenoraTa saepiskoposni eklesiaTa agarakni da dabani, anu sa[a]rqimandritoTa dawinamZRvarTa monasterTani eriskacTa ar Hel-ewifebodes damZlavrebad, mamuladTDsad mitaceba da damkDdreba. amas wmindaQ ese kreba rjul-gidebT, gevedrebiT dagamcnebT eseviTarisa ganyenebisa erisagan.27. sruliad ganCinebiTa ganagdebs saRmrTo kreba amas, raTa amieriTgan aravinikadros Seyvaneba zvarakisa, gina cxvrisa, anu sxvisa pirutyvisa karisbWesa Sinaeklesiisasa da daklva mas Sina, gina sisxlis cxeba karTa da zRurblTa eklesiisaTa,rameTu kerpmsaxurTa ars saqme ese da ara wes-ars qristeaneTaQ.ukeTu kula vinme gamoCndes eseviTarisa cdomilisa saqmisa moqmedi, vamcnebTepiskoposTa, raTa ganaZon eklesiiT, viTarca Seuracxis-myofeli qristes SjulisaQ.[xelrTvebi] 1. erakle, wyalobiTa RmrTisaTa, RmrTis msaxurman mefeman kax-Taman da mmarTvelman qarTlisaman, Zeman mefis Teimurazisaman warvwe[ren].2. antoni, wyalobiTa RmrTisaTa, uRirsman kaTalikozman didisa sameufosaqalaqis mcxeTis, qarTlis, kaxeTis, samcxe-sa[a]Tabagosa da yovlis


238 mitropoliti anania jafariZeqvemo saqarTvelosa da aRmosavleTisa sapatriarqosaman ganvsazRuren dawarvsweren. antoni.3. nikoloz uRirsman amba alaverdelman ganvsazRuren da warvsweren. nikoloz.4. arseni, uRirsman mTavarepiskoposman samTavrosa da goris samitrapolitosamanganvsazRuren da warvsweren. arseni.5. aTanasi, uRirsman episkoposman axlis sameufosa qalaqisa tfilisisa samitrapolitosamanganvsazRuren da wavsweren. aTanasi.6. onofri, uRirsman episkoposman xornabujis da sruliad qiziyis samitrapolitosamanganvsazRuren da warvsweren. onofri.7. saba, uRirsman episkoposman ninowmidisaman ganvsazRvren da warvsweren. saba.8. ioseb, uRirsman episkoposman ruisisa da sruliad qarTlisaman ganvsazRurenda warvsweren. ioseb.9. ioane, uRirsman episkoposman nekres-qalaqisa da qalaqis gremisaman daarqimandritman garejis didis lavrisaman ganvsazRuren da warvsweren. ioane.10. qristefore, uRirsman episkopozman wilknisaman warvsweren. qristefore.11. ioane, uRirsman episkopozman kawarisaman ganvsazRuren da warvsweren. ioane.12. filipe, uRirsman episkoposman urbnisisaman warvsweren. filipe.13. zosime, uRirsman episkoposman xargiTvalisaman da moZRvarT-moZRvarman warvsweren.14. benediqte, uRirsman episkoposman samTavisisaman warvswren. benediqte.15. daniel, uRirsman episkoposman Werem-qalaqisaman warvsweren. daniel.16. ioane, uRirsman arqimandritman upirvelesisa monastrisa qvabTa-xevisavlaqernisa RmrTismSoblisaman warvsweren.17. ambakom, uRirsmman winamZRvarman kaxTa mefis karisaman warvsweren.18. ioseb, uRirsman winamZRvarman qarTvelTa mefisa karisaman warvsweren.19. ioane, uRirsman didis eklesiis ikonomosman warvsweren.20. zaqaria, uRirsman xucesman mefeTa da patriarqis moZRvarman warvsweren.21. gabriel, uRirsman kaxTa mefisa dekanozman, mefeTa moZRvarman warvswere.22. abram, uRirsman dekanozman alaverdisa eklesiisaman warvswere. 606606qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, t. III, 1970, gv. 805.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli239imereTis saeklesio kreba (1759)imereTis mefe 1752-1784 wlebSi solomonI, `didis~ saxeliT moixseniebaSTamomavalTa mier, man ganamtkica samefoxelisufleba, TiTqmis gaaerTianadasavleTi saqarTvelo, mospo tyveebiTvaWroba. 1760-63 wlebSi samjer daamarcxaosmalebi, 1779 wels ruxis omSisZlia osmalebs, magram 1784 wels qvemoguriaSi damarcxda, ramac es mxaregaamahmadiana, asi wlis Semdeg ruseTisimperiasTan SemoerTebul am kuTxeSiaWareli begebi mmarTvelobdnen.qarTuli eklesia gansakuTrebiT uWerdamxars qveynisa da erisaTvis Tavdadebulimefis moRvaweobas, mefec grZnobdaeklesiis Zalas, amitomac xelsayrelidrois dadgomisTanave solomon I-ma,1759 wels, moiwvia didi da gansakuTrebulisaeklesio kreba. krebam saeklesioda zneobriv reformebs daudo safuZvelidasavleT saqarTveloSi. qristianobasada qveyanas gansakuTrebiT asustebda tyve-Ta syidva da saepiskoposo kaTedraTagauqmeba. Turqebs quTaisSi 120-wlianibatonobis dros daungreviaT saepiskoposo(bagratis) taZari da gauuqmebiaTquTaTelis saepiskoposo kaTedra. amitomac,1759 wlis saeklesio krebis 4 dekembrissxdomaze solomon mefes aRuni-Snavs, rom quTaisis eklesia `xelT egdomZvinvares agarians da mizeziTa amiTsaquTaTlo mamuli da samrevlo mimobneuliyo,da romelime daSTomiliyo,saerod gamxdariyo da quTaTeli aRarijda~. mefis am moxsenebis Sesabamisad,krebam ineba aRdgeniliyo saquTaTelokaTedra, anu quTaisis eparqia da aRdgenilkaTedraze ganaCines quTaTeliepiskoposi. quTaisis eparqias gadaeca misiyofili Zveli mamuli, romelsac igi adreflobda da eriskacebs hqondaT mitacebuli.cxadia, saepiskoposos aRdgenaekonomikuri safuZvlebis gareSe _ formalobaiqneboda. mefes da qveyanas esaWiroebodamoqmedi da Zlieri eklesia.rogorc S. burjanaZe aRniSnavs, eklesia,tradiciulad, mefis xelisuflebisganmtkicebas uwyobda xels, saxelmwifosaZlevda mebrZolebs. 607 krebam saqmeebismowesrigebisaTvis ineba da:1. eriskacTagan mitacebuli yma-mamulebidaumtkica eklesias;2. saeklesio ymebi gaaTavisufla zedmetigadasaxadebisagan da daakanona saeklesiogadasaxadebi;3. eriskacebs aukrZala eklesiissameurneo saqmianobaSi Careva;4. saeklesio Tanamdebobebze miiwviaRirseuli pirebi, uRirsni ki gadaayena;5. Seamko da aago eklesia-monastrebi. 608aRsaniSnavia, rom maleve amis Semdegmefe solomons unebebia saerTodgaeTavisuflebina eklesia saxelmwifogadasaxadebisagan, kerZod, mefes 1761wels mouwvevia morigi saeklesio kreba,romelsac daudgenia saeklesio ymebisyovelgvari samefo gadasaxadebisagangaTavisufleba, agreTve saxelmwifosamsaxurisagan gaTavisufleba, gardalaSqroba-nadirobisa. 609607S. burjanaZe, solomon I-is mefobis pirveli periodi, Tsu Sromebi, t. 41, 1950, gv. 71; 608 m.rexviaSvili, imereTi XVIII saukuneSi, 1982, gv, 65; 609 s. kakabaZe, saeklesio reformebisaTvissolomon I-is dros, 1914, gv. 5.


240 mitropoliti anania jafariZerogorc aRiniSna, 1759 wlis krebagansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobisa iyo, masquTaTelis garda, xonis saepiskoposokaTedrac aRudgenia, 610 magram krebamsaxeli gaiTqva tyveTa syidvis gada-WriTi akrZalviT.solomon mefes mouxerxebia da saeklesiokrebaze Semoukrebia samegrelosada guriis mTavrebi (dadiani da gurieli),TavianTi batoniSvilebiTa da TavadaznaurobiT,aq iyvnen imereTis batoniSvilebida Tavadaznauroba da, cxadia,mefe, kaTalikosi, mTeli dasavleTsaqarTvelos maRali samRvdeloeba. krebamTel Tves (dekemberSi) gagrZelebula.saeklesio krebis meore sxdoma 5dekembers Catarebula saero xelisuflebismonawileobiT. q. CxataraiSvils essaeklesio kreba imavdroulad Catarebulsaxelmwifo darbazis sxdomad miaCnia.am sxdomaze imereTis, samegrelosada guriis saero da sasulierogamgeblebma imereTis mefis morCilebisada `tyveTa syidvis~ akrZalvis pirobadades. 608 saeklesio krebam tyvis gamyidvelniSeaCvena, saero xelisufleba kimaT sikvdiliT dasjiT daemuqra. krebisdadgenilebaSi naTqvami iyo: `axalcixisfaSam aseTi saSineli da sazareli sityvaSemogviTvala... tyves Tu ar gayidiT,ar iqnebao... RvTis SuamdgomlobiT,rom sanamdis suli gvedgas, es saqmeCvengan ar iqnes... am saqmeze Cveni Taviar daviSuroT~. 611`1759 wlis krebis dadgenilebebmadasabami misca axal periods dasavleTsaqarTvelos politikursa da socialur-ekonomikurcxovrebaSi. 612 eklesiaskrebis Semdeg aRudgenia saxelmwifozemZlavri zemoqmedebis funqcia. 612 krebamsagangebo dadgenilebiT daadastura `afxaz-imerTa~kaTalikosis uflebebi miskuTvnil 42 mamulze. 613n. berZeniSvili am krebasTan dakav-SirebiT wers: `XVIII s-is meore naxevarSiaxalcixis faSam araerTgzis SemouTvalaimereTis mefe solomons, raTatyvis syidva imereTSi Zveleburad nebadarTuliyofiliyo. solomonma es moTxovnaar Seasrula da tyvis syidva saeroda saeklesio sasjeliT sastikad akrZala...1759 wlis dekemberSi solomonmaSemokriba `samRvdeloni dasni da mar-Tlmadidebelni erni~ da lixT-imereTissaeklesio da saero feodalebis sagangebokreba moiwvia. masSi monawileobda mefe,kaTalikosi da mTeli lixT-imereTismaRali samRvdeloeba, imereTis, odiSis,guriis Tavadaznauroba. krebam ganixilasaeklesio saqmeTa mowesrigebis sakiTxi,akrZala tyvis syidva, krebam miiRo gadawyvetilebasakaTalikoso eklesiisaTvismitacebuli yma-mamulebis dabrunebisa,gauqmebuli saepiskoposo kaTedrebis damonastrebis aRdgena-ganaxlebis, maTi ymamamulebisukan dabrunebisa, gadasaxadebisagansaeklesio ymebis ganTavisuflebisada saeklesio mflobelobaSisaero xelisuflebis Caurevlobisa~. 614610s. kakabaZe, saeklesio reformebisaTvis solomon I-is dros, 1914, gv. 7; 611 Frns^ Cj,hfyystRfdrfpcrjq fh[tjkjubxtcrjq rjvbccbtq^ 1866^ n& I^ c& 56$ 612 saqarTvelos istoriis narkvevebi, t. IV,gv. 641; 613 s. kakabaZe, dasavleT saqarTvelos saeklesio sabuTebi, II, gv. 11-12; 614 n. berZeniSvili,saqarTvelos istoriis sakiTxebi, t. VI, gv. 412.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli241`xeliTwerili~ _ imereTis saeklesio krebisa(1759 w. 30.XII)[nawili aRdgenili teqstisa]“q. ese mtkice, Seucvalebeli da dReTa cxovrebisa CvenisaTa aRsrulebisxeliT werili, msajulisa mis mxsnelisa Cvenisa iesos qristes win misatani wignida piroba mogarTviT TavaT dausabamos samebiT didebuls RmerTs, cxovels myofelsZels, xsnisa Cvenisa Suamdgomels maradis qalwuls mariams, winamorbeds,naTlis mcemels iovanes, angelozTa da mTavarangelozTa, winaswarmetyvelTa damociqulTa, mRudelT moZRvarTa da mowameTa, mamaTa da mamamTavarTa, RirsTa daqalwulTa da yovelTa RuTisa saTno yofilTa, zecisaTa da qveyanisaTa SvidTakrebaTa, oTxTa patriarxTa SuamdgomlobiTa da Cvens mwyems mTavris, yovladsanatrelis ufalis kaTalikozis besarionis damtkicebiT, Wyondidel mitropolitisgabrielis, genaTelis iosebis, Semoqmedelis nikolozis... cagarelisgrigolis, mTavarepiskopozis iosebis, nikorwmindelis germanes, mitropolitisdaskalis (didaskalioQ) danielis, xinowmidelis maqsimes, mitropolitis bedielismaqsimes da yovelTa imerTa, odiSarTa, gurielTa, samRvdelo, samonaznomwyobrTa RmerTsa da yovelTa saRmTo dasTa SvilobiT mogarTvi Sen, mefe solomon,me dadianma kaciam, me gurielma mamiam, batoniSvilma giorgim, batoniSvilmaTeimuraz, erisTavma rostom, dadianis Ze manuCar, nikoloz, giorgim,gurielis Zem giorgim, wulukiZem, erTobiT wereTelman, erTobiT miqelaZem, er-TobiT abaSiZem, erTobiT niJaraZem, agiasSvilman, iasSvilman, lorTqifaniZem,mxeiZem, RoRoberiZem, maWavarianman, mesxman, avalian, ioselianman da giorgiCiquanman, erTobiT imerman didman da mcireman, odiSarT, leCxumT, CiCuam, faRavam,axledian, asaTian, afaqiZe, mxeiZem da Ciquanman, dgebuaZe, CijavaZe, jaian,qoCaqiZe, miqaZe, joliam, Selia, qarTvelisSvil, sajaiam da erTobiT odiSarmandidman da mcireman, gurielT, erisTav, maWutaZe, nakaSiZem da malvaSvilebma,erTobiT Jordania, gegenava da erTobiT naseliSvilma, gurielman didman da mcireman,ese im soflis msajulisa winaSe misatani da am sofels yovelTa marTlmadidebelTsaxilveli wigni mogarTviT ase, rom axalcixis faSam aseTi saSineli dasazarveli sityva SemogviTvala, rom adamis tomsa arc pirvel smenia da arcSemdgomad ismineba, amisTana saSineli sasmenelad sazaro sityva “tyves Tu argayidiT ar iqnebao”. axla amaze ase erTpirobiT dagvimtkicebia RvTis SuamdgomlobiT,rom sanamdis suli gvedgas ar iqnes, arc amaSid erTmaneTs usustoT,


242 mitropoliti anania jafariZevidrec erTmaneTs miudgeT kidec mefe solomonis morCili da brZanebis aRmasrulebeliviqneT da gulis wmidiT erTmaneTs moudgeT amaze da aras Sewuxebisa dagaWirvebisaTvis Cven erTmaneTs ar umtyunoT, da am saqmezed Cveni Tavi ar davi-SuroT da am saqmeSid Cven xelmwifes mefe solomons ar usustoT da arc amisTanasaSineli codva Cvengan iqnes ase piroba da sityva mogvirTmevia RvTisa da kacisaTvis.aw vinc da ramac Zeman kacisaman es SeSalos didman an mcireman, isemcSeiZlebis sjulisagan usjulosa mecnierebisagan, masmca risxavs Tavad dausabamoRmerTi da yovelni amaT zemo werilni wmidani zecisani da qveyanisani xorcielnida uxorconi masca edebis keTri gezisa, SiSTvili iudasi, Zrwola kaenisa, mextexilobadeoskoresi da maT zemowerilTa madlTagan SeCvenebuli viyoT Tu es SevSaloTda amaSid SeZlebisaebr ar mivudgeT SeCvenilni viyoT, suliT da xorciT aw daukunisamde SvidTa krebaTagan da yovelTa eklesiaTagan, xolo damamtkicebeliamisi kurTxeul iyos suliT da xorciT aw da ukunisamde amin. me arqimandritssilibistros damiweria yovelTa mowmobiT da erTxmobiT brZanebuli ese qristesaqeT CRnT qristes Sobis Tves l dResa e: aw amis damtkicebis muSaki kaTalikozibesarion da misi krebuli erTobiT amas vamtkicebT, rom ramanc xelmwifem andedofalman an Tavadman an aznaurman didman an mcireman am sarwmunoebazed vincmokdes an am sarwmunoebis mimdegi da mefis erTgulebiT Tavisi dRiT mokdes maSincda usamarTloT mis Svili da momavali gaRaribos da wasaxdenaT moindomosusamarTloT amaTSi werilTagan SeCvenebuli iyos suliT da xorciT amin. awramanc Zeman kacisaman amaT Sina werili moSalos da mefes usustos an am xeliTwerils gardaxdes da usjuloeba qmnas da erTmaneTs ar miudges, vinc imas miudgesam momxmareT da SemweT eqmnes an Seiwynaros, an uwiros da _ lels an mokvdes damiwa aRirsos, SeCvenebul iyos suliT da xorciT ganuxrwnelad am sofels mowyvediTda im sofels iudasTan krulebiT, vinc es aR(as)rulos da daamtkicossaukunomca arc xseneba misi suliT da xorciT aw da ukunisamde amin, mamSleliwyeul, damamtkicebeli kurTxeul amin”. 615615qronikebi Sekrebili T. Jordanias mier, III, 1967, gv. 262-264, krebis ganCineba aRdgeniliaCvens mier.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli2431762, 1768, 1793 wlis krebaTa dadgenilebani saepiskoposoTa marTvisSesaxeb, mcnebani, episkoposTa da mRvdelTa mimarTmas Semdeg, rac XVIII s-is meorenaxevarSi aRdga qarTul-erovnuli saxelmwifoebriobasamefo taxtze qristianmefeTa asvlis Semdeg, saeklesio krebebmakvlav daibrunes mahmadianTa mmarTvelobisdros dakninebuli uflebani da gamoscesSesabamisi zneobrivi saxis dadgenilebani:a. [dadgenileba saeklesio krebisa saepiskoposoTa marTvis Sesaxeb][1762 w. 20 dekemberi]welsa qristes aqaT CRQb, qristeSobis k.q. wmidaTa da yovlad samRudeloTa episkoposTa esreT euwyosT, romelnicaCvenTan - wmidas patriarqTan da RirsTa Tqven episkoposebTan krebaSipiroba daidva.pirveli ese, rom: episkoposman Tavis samwysoSi uaRsarebo aravin daagdos.meored, ese: sauflos dResaswauls da kviras wirvis mousmenlad nuravis gauSvebTda uqme dRisa yadaRa uyoT, rom kargad daicvan da aravin gatexos.mesamed: Tu wmidaT episkoposT TqvenTa samwysoTa Sina urCi vinme gyvandesT,Cven mogvaxsenoT; da egeviTarTa Cven davsjiT.meoTxed: xucesTa yadaRa uyoT, romelic wmidas mRudelobas ar ekadrebodes,isre ar moiqcnen SesamosliTa Tu tanisamosiTa; da nurc TavianT samwysoSiusamarTlozed miuSveben xucebsa.mexuTed: wmidas eklesiaSi an daZvelebuli ram iyos, an damwvari, an wamxdari,_ unda ganswmidoT, galesoT, ganaaxloT da wmidad SeinaxoT wmida eklesia; daukadrisad nuravis aCvenebT wmidas eklesiasa. agreTve Tu gaSavebuli ram iyos, undagaleson da gaaTeTron.meeqvsed: wmidas trapezzed Casacmeli unda yuTnisa iyos; da Tu ukeTesi ramaris, isi sjobs. da Tu ara, suraTis CiTi unda iyos; da amas garda sxva aRaraiqneba ra. romelic wmida trapezi kedelzed iyos mikruli, Camoafaron; da romelnicasaSual sakurTxevelisa iyos, Caacvan.meSvided: xisa da an Tu gatexili ram iyos, wmidad barZimad anu feSxumad nuiyofin da numca saxeledebin.


244 mitropoliti anania jafariZemerved: Tu visme samRudeloTagansa siberiTa Tu sxvisa romlisame mizeziTawmidis trapezis msaxureba da wirva aRar SeeZlos, Tavisman episkoposman ganagoTmisi. da Tu Tqven ver usajoT, wmidas patriarqs moaxsenoT da sxvaT episkopozT;igini saqmes gangimarTaven, erTs gzas mogcemen da ganuweseben rasme.mecxred: Tu samRudelod wvrTili vinme ar iyos, uswavleli da ucodinari nuvin mouxdebin mRudelobad da kurTxevad, rom aRsarebis Tqmevineba ar SeeZlos; daan wmidas trapezzed idges da wmidas saxarebaSi tyuilebs ambobdes.meaTed: romelic rom Cven ver movigoneT, episkoposT marTebsT maradismRviZare yofad.meaTerTmeted: wmidaT episkoposT TaveTs ersa da samwysosa wmidas eklesiaSiSeslva, dgoma da pirs jvaris dawera aswavlon.irakli mefisagan da yovlisa saqarTvelosa kaTalikoz-patriarqisa iosebisaganesreT siyvaruliT euwyos miss siwmides yovlad samRdelos arqiepiskoposs ambaalaverdels zenons, wmidasa da yovlad samRudelos nekresel episkoposs dosiTeossda wmidasa da yovlad samRudelos samebel episkoposs ioanes.Jamsa rodesac krebaSi saqarTveloT wmidaT episkoposT mouwodeT, maSin esreTgamorCeviT da pirobiT aRvTqviT, romelic zemore siiT aRwerila, rom RmrTisnebiT, yo[v]els saepiskoposoebSi esreT ganegos yovlad samRudeloT episkoposTagan.da imav krebaSic esreT ganisaja, rom Cvengan esreTiTa aRweriliTa Tqven- yovlad samRudeloTa gauwyoT.da aha, gviuwyebies Tqvenis siwmidisaTvis Jamadme, uflisa qristes aRdgomamdis,rom es unakluloT aRasruloT da aRasrulebinoTca, Tvarem icodes Tqvenmasiwmidem, Cveni kaci Camoivlis im Jamzed da romelsac xucess esreT ar gaumarTavsTavisi samwyso da Tavisi Tavic, imasac samarTliT ganvsjiT da Tqvenc dagemdurebiT.romelnic am saepiskoposoSi an Tavadni brZandebiT, an sabatios kacis Svilni,an aznauriSvilni xarT, da an moxeleni - es rom mogviweria, amazed mRviZare undaiyvneT da Tqvenni morCilnic ganaRviZoT. da wmidis eklesiis samsaxurzed da racmogviweria amaebzed, gafrTxilebulni iyvneT da Tqveni morCilni kacnic amyofoT.da romelic episkoposman da mRudelman gamcnosT, imazeda daadgreT da daayenoTSemwe eqmeniT episkopossa da mRudelsa am saqmezed; Cvens ukan rom Tqveni valigaqvsT da rom unda Semwe eqmnneT, amisTvis gvicnobebia.beWedi: me fexTganbanilTa mier eklesia vadide erekle Cven, yovlisa saqarTveloskaTalikoz-patriarxi ioseb warvwerT.minaweri: ioseb kaTalikozisagan episkoposTa mimarT miwerili, Tqveni samwysoniase daarigeTo. 616616qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, 1970, gv. 848.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli245b. [mcneba mRudelTaTvis][1768]episkoposTa mimarT maTi umaRlesoba da ukeTilmsaxuresoba mefe iraklida maTi uwmindesoba da unetaresoba patriarxi mefis Ze antoniesreT ganvasazRvrebT, vamcnebT, movaxsenebT, da ubrZanebT yovelTa saqarTveloQsamRudelTmTavarTa da mwyemsTa WeSmaritTa, esreT1. episkoposni miiyuandnen Tavisis samwysosa mRudelTa, dadgenilTa, ginaaxlad dasadgenTa, da keTilad ganixilviden maTsa cxovrebasa da mecnierebasa,ukeTu SemZlebel iyvnen swavlad da swavlul iyvnen SvidTa amaT saidumloTaWeSmaritad aRsrulebad.Svidni saidumloni wmidisa aRmosavleTisa ekklesiisani eseni arian:a. naTlva, b. cxeba mironisa, g. saRmrTo wirva, d. mRudlis kurTxeva damicualebulis wesT-ageba da damarxua, e. aRsarebis Tqmevineba, v. patiosani qorwineba,z. zeTis kurTxeva.amaTi srulebiT aRsruleba Tu SeeZlosT, keTil da kurTxeviT miabaron eklesia dasamwyso qristesi, da waravlinon gankrZalviT mRudelobad, locviT da kurTxeviT.2. da romelTaca ar SeeZlosT am saidumloebisa aRsrulebad, ubrZanon anTviTon Tavis ekklesiaSi miiyvanon is mRudeli episkoposTa, an romelsame monasterSimiabaron mecnierTa da egoden guls-modgined ecadnen, rom iswaon. davinemdis iswavliden, episkoposma im samwysos sxva mRudeli ganuCinos.ukeTu iswaos am saidumloebis aRsruleba, merme samwysoc miabaros da imRudel-moqmedos.Tu ar inebos da verc iswavlos, samwyso CamoarTvan. TviTan saca undes,warvides. sxva mRudel-moqmedebas nuras ikadrebs, Tvinier wirvisa, sadac eneboswiros Tvinier sxvaTa mRudel-moqmedebaTa Sendoba aqvs, moZRvrisa Tvisisa wamebiTa.3. romelTaca ekklesiisaganTa, samRudelod ganwesebadTasa, saekklesio wignni,romelnic damWirno arian, romel amaebis ucodnelad mRudeloba ara jer-arsdaviTi, Jamnoba srulad, saxareba, samociqulo, paraklitoni, kurTxevani dakondaki _ eseni Tu icoden kargad, akurTxen.da eseni Tu ar icoden srulad, ganvakrZalebT episkoposTa eseviTarTa nuakurTxeben.4. da romelnic episkoposni eseviTarTa umecarTa akurTxeben, uwyoden makurTxevlicada kurTxeulica Zlierad imxilebian.


246 mitropoliti anania jafariZe5. episkoposni mRudelT - amcnebden, rom TavTavis samwysoT, eriskacTa ginaqalTa, pirjvaris daweras aswavebdnen marTlad. da romelTac aRsarebis TqmaSeeZlos, uaRsarebod nu daayeneben Svidis weliwadisas. da yovels suls “wmidaoRmerTs” Tavisis muxlebiT, da “mamao Cuenos”, “miwyales”. da “mrwams” zepiriTTqmas aswavliden da marTlmadideblobis sarwmuno[e]bis aRmsareblobasa WeSmaritsa.6. da romelTac ar iswaon da udeb iqmnen, mRudeli nuRar umRudlobs; daepiskoposs Seasminos da episkoposmac sitkboebiT swrTvnas; da SiSiTaca ecadnen,rom aswavlon. Tavis nebazed nurvis Tavis samwysos nu miuSueben, nurc episkoposnida nurc mRudelni.7. sofelSi, romelic Tavi da pirveli da upatiosnesi ekklesia iyos, ganwmedilnihqondesT da dagvili, da kedelni, sarkmelni, yureni gareT da SinaT _mowmedilni; siwmidis iaraRi da wmida sakurTxeveli da trapezi _ uzeSTaesadpatiosnad, trapezi _ Semosili; siwmidis samsaxurebeli barZimi, feSxumi, kovzi dakamara _ an vecxlisa an kalisa, sxvas nivTisa ar imsaxureba; pereqlebi da dafarna_ farCisa, wmida da uCirqo; trapezi _ Semosili, raoden Zal-eduas uCirqossamosliTa; odiki _ axali, kargi da uCirqo, da am odiks sudari hqondes uCirqo,rom Sig Sexvevdes.8. mRudlis Sesamoselic, risac SemZlebel iyos, uCirqo da daukerebeli.dabebkili da Cirqiani ar ikadros msaxurebad; wmida wmidaTasa zeda sefiskueri _rCeuli da zedaSe _ ferovani, wmida, uWango da uprkeo, sunisa da gemosi arasisxvisa mqonebeli; kretsabmeli _ uCirqo da gasworebuli.9. agreve wignni: daviTi, Jamni, paraklitoni, Tormetis sauflos sadResaswauloaTormetebi, dResaswaulisa da vnebisa, saxareba, samociqulo, kurTxevani dakondaki, eseni unda hqondes.10. sadac SeeZlos, brwyinuales kars karebi Seasxan da ise imRudelon, daswirevden, da samwysoc amisTanas mRudelTa da ekklesiaT hqondesT, sxvaTi ariqneba, arc vbrZanebT.11. da ragvaradac episkoposTaTvis gvimcnia, egreT mRudelT amcnon da ganakrZalon,Torem episkoposnic kanons queS iqnebian da mRudelTac samwysoze xeli aiRon.12. Tu sxva saydaric iyos im sofelSi an siaxloes eris salocavad dResaswaulisadme icoden, da im ekklesias es ganwyobileba da samsaxurebeli ar hqondes,romlisac samwysosi iyos, im mRudelma am samudamos ekklesi[i]s samsaxurebeliwariRos yovliferi, da imiTi Seamkos is ekklesia, da ise wiros, da iqav moitanos.13. Cuen vgonebT, rom yovelTa uwyiT, garna amisi umecreba aravin qmnas, romim dRis msaxurebeli siwmidis samsaxurebeli WurWelni, gina Sesamoseli da odiki,Tvinier wignisa, olarisa da sacecxluris meti, im dRes meored ixmaros. _sasikvdined scodavs da ganipatiJos didad episkoposisagan.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli24714. amasac asre gamcnebT erTs ekklesiaSi jer-ars, raTa wmidani xatni esvenenerTi jvarcmisa, erTi TviT macxovrisa, erTi yovlad wmidisa da erTi im ekklesiiswmidisa, romlisac saxelzed aRSenebuli aris is ekklesia da erTi saxianijvaric wirvazed trapezzed unda idvas. umisod wmida wirva diaR Znelad iqnebis.15. da episkoposni amas ganakrZalebdeT mRudelTa saydars Tu xatsa Tofihqondes usjuloTa kacTagan nasroli, an xlmiT gina daniT nabrZvili hqondes daSeSlili iyos dakortnili, da raoden SemZlebel iyunen _ ganaaxlon, an axalnidaaxatvinon. da Tu miZuelebulni da mifarlebulni _ kargad ganswmedden, da egreTdaisuenon da Tayuaniscemden.16. amasac esreT vamcnebT da ganvakrZalebT, mRudelTa da episkoposTa mogaxsenebT,rom ganixilvideT numca vin mRvdeli nu ikadrebs sasmlisa da saWmlisdaWarbebasa da uZRebad smasa da Wamasa.17. ukueTu vinme es mcneba ar daimarxos, episkoposman amxilos, da kualadacaar SeiSinos, ganikueTos, samwysoc CamoerTvas; amisTvis, rameTu ara jer-arsuZRebTa da memTrvaleTa mRudelobad.18. da aw naTlis-RebisaTvis esreT gamcnebT ymawvils rodesac undodes,monaTlevdes. magram Tu daWireba ar iyos, Jamisad monaTlos. da Tu wirvamdismonaTlos, aziaros. da Tu wirvas mermeT _ im dRes nu aziarebs, Tu didaT aruWirdes, da meores an mesames dRes aziaros wirvazed.19. Tu vin icis, mRudels romlisame mizeziT goneba xelad ar hqondes anuZlurebiT, an saWmlis da sasmlis wyeniT riTme, sanamdis gonebad ar movides, nuikadrebs am saidumlos aRsrulebasa da nu naTel-scems.20. Tu daWireba iyos, da ymawvilisa da im mosanaTlavis sikvdilis SiSiiyos, da arc sxua mRudeli iSoebodes siaxloes, didis sifrTxiliT maSin na-Tel-sces im mRudelma.da Tu momakvdavi iyos, kidec aziaros, diaR, didis sifrTxiliT da krZalviTSeaxos xeli wmida-wmidaTasa, da moZRvarsac aRuaros, da episkoposisaganac SendobamiiRos.21. amad vafrTxilebT mRudelTa da vakrZalebT nuraodes nu daiTrobian,Torem mRudeloba CamoerTmevaT WeSmaritad.22. romelnic an misanni an mwamvlelni arian, siyvarulisa, gina siZuliliswamlis moqmedni, anu maTni meZiebelni da mimyolni, gina meqereobisa da melobiobisamkiTxvelni da maTni mrwmunebelni, unda Seinanon.23. da dReis iqiT Tu vinme ikadros, icoden romel maTTa episkoposTa sam-Rudelos msjavriT ganpatiJon. da mRudels nuRar miscemen, nurc qristianed-Rasaxel-sdeben, nurc ekklesiasSi SeuSveben da nurc saflavs aRirseben.


248 mitropoliti anania jafariZeda merme maTis simaRlis mefis samSjavroSi moiyvanon da vgonebT, rom maTiskeTilmorwmuneobis msjavrma sikuidiladca dasajos, rom maTzec ars samarTaliese mipyrobili.da romeli maTni morwmuneni da Semwynarebelni iqmnebian, isini xorcieladjarimiT ganipatiJebian da sulierad mRudeli aRar miecemaT.24. egreTve romelic xeTa da ZelTa, gina saddme niSTa da ZeglTa, da adgilTaraTme uekklesioTa Tayvani-scemen, maTac ase es sasjeli miecemaT, viTar-igimisanTa da mwamvlelTa.25. episkoposma saca an xe, an Zeli, an niSi da Zeglni da uekklesiod amgvarebinaxos, ZiriTurT aRmofxvras, da sawvavi dawos, da es sacduri daadumos daga[a]qarvos.26. kviras da uqmes vakrZalebT yovelTa qristianeTa Zvelisa da axlis sjuliTada aRqmiTa; numca vin ikadrebs kvirisa da uqmis texad, kviriakesa sruliadyoveli uqmoba jer-ars, Tvinier locvisa da wirvisa da ekklesiad misvlisa,kacTagan mipirutyvTamde; egreTve TormetTa saufloTa dReTa, da dResaswaulsayovlad wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisasa da saCinoTa wmidaTasa.27. amaTi wesi da rigi mRudels episkoposisagan ganewesos da mRudelma Tavissamwysos ganuwesos da Seatyobinos, rom dRes uqmi ariso.28. Tu vinme urC eqmnas da ar iuqmos, misi namoqmedi cecxliT dawvan; im kacsormoci joxi dahkran, Tu glexi iyos. da Tu maRali vinme iyos, maTs simaRlesmefes moaxsenos da iman sajos, viTa wes ars.29. aseve vamcnebT; numca vin ikadrebs pirutyvis borotis sityviT Seginebasa.amcnos mRudelma, da Tu ar daiSalos, episkoposT SeaSinon, nuRarityvian magvars uSversa.da Tu ar daiSalon, ormoci joxi dahkran, Tu biWi iyos; da Tu kaci iyos _mcired daarbion.30. yovelTa mRvdelT-mTavarTaTvis gvimcnia da mogvixsenebia, rom ekklesiismamuls, nurc saxelos, nurca didsa da nuca mciresa, ase rom erTis dRis miwaiyos, gina sabostne, anu mcire saxlis alagi. ara xelewifebis micemad visdame.gina misyidvad.nurc erTs glexs, nurc saganZurs da nurc Semosavals, rac Tavisis kondakiT ariSovos, da TviTan saxmarad ar miscemdes damWirneobisda, maTs simaRles keTilmsaxurs mefes moaxsenos da miss uwmidesobas patriarxs; da maTis jerCinebiT, Turigiani aris, nebas daurTven da miacemineben; da Tu arada, TviT TaviT TvisiTveraras SemZlebel ars.31. da Tu dReis waRmarT romelic episkoposi amgvarebs iqs da TavisTavadgascems an saxelosa, an miwa-alags, rogorc gvimcnia, an saganZurs da Semosavals,


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli249da ekklesias gaaRaribebs an saganZurisagan, an xatisa jvarisa Sesamoslisgan, anmamulisagan _ Tavs ar davanebebT, sarwmuno brZandeboden. ar dauTmobT.vinc Sematebas ecdeba da Semkobas, didad mmadlobelni viqnebiT.32. ekklesiis xatTaTvis, nebiTa RmrTisaTa, mxatvrebi arian da wignTaTvisstanba aris.da sxva saxmaric xom yovelive iSoveba amave Cuens sabrZanebelSi, fasiT sasyidelni.romliTame episkoposnic Seewivnen, romliTame mRudelni TviT daixarjnenda romliTame im ekklesiis Semavalni erni. da isre ganawyon ekklesiani.da nu imizezeben uqonlobasa, raTa yovelni ekklesiani nebisaebr RmrTisa dawmidaTa mamaTa mocemulisa kanunisaebr da wmidaTa oTxTa patriarxTagan damtkicebulisa,da viTarca ars yovelsa samarTlmadideblosa queyanasa Sina saberZne-Tisa da ruseTisasa, egreT jer-ars CuenTaca ekklesiaTa yofa, raTa Sewirul iqmnaswinaSe RmrTisa msxuerpli da locva da vedreba Cveni.33. da mogvetevnen Secodebani Cvenni, da vixsnneT xilulTa da uxilavTamterTagan mefeni, da mTavarnica, da mRudelT-mTavarni, da mRudelni, da ernicada yovelni sulni marTlmadidebelni qristianeni.yovlisa gansacdelisagan erTbaSad dacul viqmnneT uflisa da RmrTisa damacxovrisa Cuenisa ieso qristes mier, romelsa hSuenis yoveli didebaQ, pativi daTayuanis-cema, TanadausabamoT mamiT da yovladwmidiT suliTurT, aw da maradis,da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.daibeWda sameufosa qalaqsa tfiliss, palatsa samefosa, qristes aqeT CRQz.wyalobiTa RmrTisaTa, irakli meore, qristes mier mefe qarTlisa, kaxeTisa,da mflobeli borCalisa, SamSadinlosa da yazaxisa, brZanebiT davamtkicebT.wyalobiTa RmrTisaTa antoni, mdabali arxiepiskoposi mcxeTisa da yovlisazemoQsa saqarTveloQsa, brZanebiT davamtkiceb.qristes aqeT CRiH .Semdgomad amissa kidev davmeteT amas zeda:Cuen, irakli mefeman, mpyrobelman qarTlisa da kaxeTisaman, Tana-neba-myofobiTasrul erTianad Cuenis queynebis TavadTa, aznaurTa, didvaWarTa da glexTaTa,RmrTis mowyalebiT amas zeda, di[a]R, guldajerebuli varT, rom Cuens qveyanaSiarc yofila da arc aris amisTana avi RmrTis ganmarisxebeli saqmeni.magram Cuens xalxs vafrTxilebT:34. Tu vinme amisTanas saqmis mqneli gamoCndes an momwamlvelni, an kacisSemkruelni, an siyu[a]rulisa da simZulvaris wamlis mimcemelni, an jadoobisa damkiTxaobis moqmedni, an RmrTis didad ganmarisxebelisa da miutevebelis finTisa,


250 mitropoliti anania jafariZeda myralisa, da cecxliT saukunod mwuelisa mamaTmavlobis mqnelni mamalni anudedalni _ eseni unda Zaliani da saanadzos jajaebiT daiHocnen.35. da es ganCineba unda yovelma episkoposma Tavis samwysos saydrebSi Tavisxalxs waukiTxon da gaafrTxilon. 617[mcnebani maqsime kaTalikozisa mama iobisa da winamZRvar besarionisadmi][1777 w.]afxaz-imerTa kaTolikosi maqsime Cuens suliers Svils udabnos mamas iobs dakualad erkeTis winamZRvars besarions uflisa Cuenisa ieso qristes mier locvakurTxeviTgikiTxav; da Semdgomad amisa garwmuneb samwyosa Cemsa sakaTalikosa.1. da viTa Sendobisa Cvenisa morCil iyvneT, egreT keTilad moZRurideT,aswavlideT da zedas-zeda sulieriTa swavliTa amxilebdeT da ganamtkicebdeT.2. da ukeTu vinme samRudelo kaci uwesod iqceodes, anu nayrovanebiTa, anumTvralobiTa da sxviTa romliTame borotiTa, amxileT, SerisxeT. da ukeTu araSeikdimos da arca ganiSoros uweso igi qceva dascxerin mRudelobisagan.3. da kualad romelsaca mRudels wirvisa da naTvlis srulebiT aRsruleba arZal-edvas, Tqven aswaveT gulsmodgineT. da ukeTu keTilad ver iswa[v]os, igicadaayeneT mRudelobisagan.4. da romelsaca mRudelsa mecniereba da SiSi RmrTisa aqundes da SeeZlossaidumloebis aRsruleba, man imRudelmoqmedos; xolo umecari da uSiSi RmrTisada ukrZalveli gonebiTa yovladve nu ikadrebn msaxurebad wmidisa mis wmidaTasa.5. da egreTve, romelsaca Zal-edvas swavlad da moZRurebad, moZRurides, daromelsaca ara _ nu imoZRurebs.6. kualad amas gamcneb da gaswaveb, rom eklesiebs ganixilvideT da mas zedadadginebulTa mRudelTa ganakrZalebded da aswavebdeT, rom eklesia wmidad dasufTad Seinaxon; barZim-feSxumi da maTi dafarnaebi da wmidis trapezis gadasafarebelisadac hpovoT, rom Zveli iyos, an damwvari, an daxeuli, gamoacvlevineTda ganaaxlebineT.7. da im eklesiazed mimavals ersac auwyT, rom eklesiis samsaxurebels saqmezedmRudels Seeweoden da morCil eqmneboden.8. da eseca amceniT romelic sayovelTao uqmi dRe iyos, keTilad daimarxevdenda eri srulebiT yrmiT da dedebiTurT eklesiad miiswrafiden da wirva-locvas ardaakldeboden.617q.s.Z., III, 1970, gv. 871-877.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli2519. da kualad amasac ganakrZalebdeT, rom mkiTxavi ar Seiwynaron, _ SeCvenebuli aris.da vinca mkiTxavi saxlad miiyvanos da akiTxvinos, mkiTxavi igi da saxladmimyvanebelica da Semwynarebeli misi, ornive erTbamad gankveTeT da ganayeneTyovlisave qristianeTa wesisagan, ziarebisa da eklesiad mislvisagan.da nurc mkudars damarxven mkiTxavs, aramed viTarca ZaRli gancofebuli,egreT Seracxon.10. ese mcnebani yovelnive keTilad auwyeT da ganamtkiceT, da dRiTi-dRe nudaiyo[v]nebT swavlad erisa, Torem sasjelsa didsa Tanamdeb xarT.daiwera welTa qristes aqeT CRoz.beWedi: Crdilo afxaz-imerTa kaTalikosi maqsime. 618g. [kanonTa ganweseba codvilTaTvis anton II-is mier][1793 w. 13 agvisto]1. Svid wel nu eziarebian wmidaTa saidumloTa. da Tu sadme sikudilad miiwiosSvidTa maT weliwadTa Sina, romliTame mizeziTa aziaros sulierman mamaman. da Tumokudes anderZi aRugos da damarxos. da Tu morCes, isev SvidTa weliwadTa Sesrulebamdenu iqmnebian miaxleba misi wmidaTa saidumloTa.2. nu Sevals eklesiasa Sina vidre samTa weliwadTa srulyofadmde, aramedhsdges gare karsa eklesiisasa wiruasa anu locvasa zeda da SemavalTa da ganmaval-Tagan didiTa vedrebiTa iTxovdes da Tavsa Tvissa moidrekdes maTdami da ityodes“SemindeviT me, codvilsa”.3. da Sedgomad samisa wlisa Sevides eklesiasa Sina da sefiskveri miecemodes.4. oTxTave marxvaTa, ese igi, wmidaTa didTa ormeocTa marxvaTa Sina wmidaTamociqulTa da RmrTismSoblis micualebisa da qristes-SobisaTa ityodes aRsarebasada daufarvelad aRuarebdes coduaTa TvisTa da cremliT suliTa SemusrviliTada guliTa SemusrviliTa inandes.da romelnica kanonni sulierman mamaman Tvisman misces dafarulTaTvis coduaTa,romelnica aRuarna mas, dauklebelad gardaixdides.5. wmidaTa maT didTa ormeoceTa da RmrTismSoblis marxuaTa Sina TvinierSabaT-kvirisa nu hsuaman Rvinosa da qristes-Sobis marxvaTa da mociqulTa marxvaTaSina oTxSabaT-paraskevsa esreTve nu suamn da xsnilsa SvideulTa samTa weliwadTaorSabaTsa xorcsa nu sWamen da oTxSabaT-paraskevsa Tevzsa, Tvinier sauflosadResaswaulisa da ganwesebulisa tibikonisa.618q.s.Z., III, 1970, gv. 914.


252 mitropoliti anania jafariZe6. mouklebelad Tvissa ganwesebulsa saidumlosa locuasa ilocvides da wirvasada locvasa eklesiisasa nu daakldebin da TDToeulsa dResa Sina hyofdesmetaniasa assa ormeocsa didsa metaniasa da sameocsa xelis metaniasa da ityodesTiToeulsa zeda “RmerTo, milxine me codDlsa amas da Semiwyale me”.7. samsa weliwadsa vidre Seslvadmde eklesiasa Sina nu moiparsavn Tmasa danurca wversa da Seimosos kvarTi da sarvari samoslisa.8. Semdgomad amaTsa ukeTu SemZlebel iyos, daixsnas tyve; da ukeTu ara, SeZlebisaebrTvisisa sxvasa damxsnelsa visme Seewios.9. erTsa weliwadsa suliersa mamasa TDssa ormeocdaaTsa awirvinebdes codvismitevebisaTvis Tavisa TDsisa da gansvenebisaTvis mis mier moklulisa.10. romelic mRudelmTavris misarTmevi sakanonos debuleba iyos, SeZlebisaebridauyovneblad miarTvas da esreT srulhyos ganwesebulni ese kanonni.welsa CRJg, TTuesa agvistosa ig.xelrTva: kaTalikozi. mdabali mitropoliti mixail. 619619q.s.Z., III, 1970, gv. 1018.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli253saqarTvelos I saeklesio kreba (9-17.09.1917)saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliisgamocxadebis Semdeg (12.03.1917) ruseTisdroebiTma mTavrobam 1917 wlis 27 martsscno saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliisaRdgena da uwoda mas `qarTuli eklesiisTviTgamorkvevis udidesi aqti~.saqarTvelos eklesiis droebiTmammarTvelobam 1917 wlis agvistoSi gadawyvitamoewvia sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesiokreba. agvistos damlevsa da seqtembrisdasawyisSi mTel saqarTveloSi mimdinareobdaam krebis delegatTa arCevnebi.sruliad saqarTvelos I saeklesiokreba (avtokefaliis aRdgenis Semdeg)gaixsna 1917 wlis 9 seqtembers dRis12 saaTze sionis taZarSi. krebas Tavmjdomareobdamitropoliti leonide, prezidiumSiarCeul iyvnen: giorgi Juruli,trifon jafariZe da spiridon kedia.krebis dRis wesrigis umTavresisakiTxi iyo saqarTvelos eklesiis mar-Tva-gamgeobis debulebis proeqtis ganxilva,saqarTvelos sasuliero saswavleblebiskeTilmowyoba-uzrunvelyofissakiTxebi, soxumis eparqiis sakiTxi dakaTalikos-patriarqis arCevnebi.sruliad saqarTvelos I-ma saeklesiokrebam miiRo `saqarTvelos eklesiismarTva-gamgeobis debuleba~. am debulebiTsaqarTvelos eklesia aerTianebdayvela marTlmadidebel qarTvels daagreTve araqarTvel marTlmadideblebsac,romlebic cxovrobdnen saqarTvelosZveli sakaTalikosos sazRvrebSi.marTva-gamgeobis mxriv saqarTveloseklesia iyofoda eparqiebad, eparqiebi -olqebad, xolo olqebi - samrevloebad.saqarTvelos eklesiaSi Sedioda sul 13eparqia. saqarTvelos eklesias mTlianadganagebdnen saeklesio krebebi (sruliadsaqarTvelos eklesiisa, saeparqio, saolqoda samrevlo), romelTa aRmasrulebeliorgano iyo sabWo (sakaTalikoso,saolqo, samrevlo). saqarTvelos eklesias,wesdebis mixedviT, ganagebda sruliadsaqarTvelos saeklesio kreba, romelicSedgeboda samRvdeloTa, monazonTa dasaero warmomadgenlobisagan. sruliadsaqarTvelos eklesiis krebis Tavmjdomaredunda yofiliyo kaTalikosi, misi aryofnisdros ki misi mosaydre.sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis krebiskompetenciaSi Sedioda: adgilobrivisaeklesio samarTali, kaTalikosis,sakaTalikoso sabWosa da sakaTalikososasamarTlos wevrebisa da kandidatebisarCeva, axali eparqiebis gaxsna an arsebuleparqiaTa sazRvrebis gadamijvna dakaTedrebis aRdgena an daarseba, zrunvasasuliero saswavlebelTa daarsebisa annivTierad uzrunvelyofisaTvis. saeklesiokrebis aRmasrulebeli mudmivi organoiyo sakaTalikoso sabWo. sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqi,saWeTmpyrobeli eklesiisa, imave drosiyo mTavarepiskoposi mcxeTisa. mas irCevdasruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio kreba,Semdgari rogorc sasuliero, aseve saeropirebisagan.krebam airCia sruliad saqarTveloskaTalikos-patriarqad wmida kirioni(saZagliSvili) da mogvca eklesiis mar-Tvis debuleba.


254 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobadebulebanimiRebuli sruliad saqarTvelos 1917 wlis saeklesio krebaze$1. marTva-gamgeobis mxriT saqarTvelos eklesia ganiyofa eparqiebad da eparqiebi_ olqebad, xolo olqebi _ samrevloebad.$2. saqarTvelos eklesiaSi Semdegi eparqiebia:a) mcxeTisa, romlis mwyemsmTavari aris “mTavarepiskopozi mcxeTisa dasruliad saqarTveloQs kaTolikoz-patriarqi”. samwyso saqarTvelos eklesiiswm. dedaqalaqi mcxeTa, orisave aragvisa da qsan-lexuris xeobani (teritoriaZveli eparqiebis: mcxeTisa, wilknisa da samTavisis), rasac Seicavs exlandeliduSeTis mazra Semdegis cvlilebiT: dasavleTiT emateba qsan-lexuris xeobaTaqvemo-nawili vidre wlevis mTamde, xolo aRmosavleTiT akldeba aragvis aRmosavleTisanapiro, romlis erTi nawili, - nokornis qedis qvemod, Sedis tfileliseparqiaSi (saguramos ubani), xolo zemo-nawili (xarWiSos ubani), - Seadgensalaverdelis samwysos. kaTedra eparqiisa aris mcxeTa (sveticxovelSi), xolokaTolikozis rezidencia _ tfilisSi.SeniSvna: kaTolikoz-patriarqis pirdapir samwysos Seadgens agreTve saqarTvelos garedmcxovrebi qarTveloba.b) tfilisisa. samwyso: gare-qarTli da gare-kaxeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa:tfilisis, manglisis, walkis, dmanisis, bolnisis, winwyarosi, agarakis,rusTavis, kawareTisa da ninowmidis), rasac Seadgens exlandeli tfilisis daborCalos mazrebi da amaT garda saguramos ubani da bambakis xeoba. kaTedramwyemsTmTavarisa - tfilisSi (sionSi), rezidencia _ iqve. pativi mwyemsTmTavrisa:“tfileli mitropoliti”.SeniSvna: tfileli, rogorc kaTolikozis uaxloesi adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari, arismosaydre kaTolikozisa.g) alaverdisa. samwyso: Sida-kaxeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebis: alaverdisa,nekresisa da xarWaSenis), rasac Seicavs exlandeli Telavisa da TianeTis mazrebixarWiSos ubnis mimatebiT da amaT garda didoeT-durZukeTi, miwerili Tergisada daRestnis mxareebze. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _ alaverdSi, rezidencia _q. TelavSi. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “alaverdeli episkopozi” (anu “abbaalaverdeli”).d) bodbisa. samwyso: hereTi, rani, Saqi da wuqeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa:bodbisa, Weremisa, giSisa da xoranabujis), rasac Seadgens exlandeli mazrebi


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli255da olqebi _ siRnaRisa, zaqaTalisa, samurisa, nuxisa, areSisa, ganjisa da yazaxisa.kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa - bodbeSi, rezidencia _ q. siRnaRSi. pativimRvdelmTavris: “bodbeli episkopozi”.e) urbnisisa. samwyso: Sida-qarTli (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: urbnisis,ruisis, niqozisa da samTavrosi), rasac Seicavs exlandeli goris mazra, gardaborjomis xeobisa da samTavisis ubnisa, da amas garda dvaleTi, miwerili Tergismxareze. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _ urbnisSi, rezidencia _ q. gorSi. mRvdelmTavrispativi: “urbneli episkopozi”.v) awyurisa. samwyso: samcxe, javaxeTi da zemo-somxeTi (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: awyuris, wurwyabis, kumurdosi, eruSeTis, dadaSenis, wyarosTavis,anisis, karisa da alaSkertis), rasac Seadgens exlandeli axalcixis mazra _borjomis xeobis mimatebiT, axalqalaqis mazra, artaanis olqi, yarsis olqi,yaRzevanis olqi, gumbris mazra da amaT garda ori olqi osmaleTis sazRvrebSi _basiani da alaSkerti. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _ awyverSi (droebiT zarzmaSi),rezidencia _ q. axalcixeSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi: “mawyvereli episkopozi”.z) quTaisisa. samwyso: qvemo-imereTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: quTaisisada xonis), - exlandeli quTaisis mazra md. wyalwiTelas qvemod. kaTedramRvdelmTavrisa _ q. quTaisSi, rezidencia _ iqve. mwyemsmTavris pativi: “quTaTelimitropoliti”.H) genaTisa. samwyso: zemo-imereTi (teritoria genaTis Zveli eparqiisa), -exlandeli Sorapnis mazra da okriba md. wyalwiTelas zemod. kaTedramRvdelmTavrisa _ gelaTSi, rezidencia _ q. zestafonSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi:“genaTeli episkopozi”.T) nikorwmidisa. samwyso: raWa (teritoria nikorwmidis Zveli eparqiisa), -exlandeli raWis mazra. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _ nikorwmidaSi, rezidencia _q. onSi. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “nikorwmideli episkopozi”.i) cagerisa. samwyso: leCxum-svaneTi (teritoria _ cageris Zveli eparqiisa),exlandeli leCxumis mazra. kaTedra _ cagerSi, rezidencia _ iqve. pativimRvdelmTavrisa: “cagereli episkopozi”.ia) Wyondidisa. samwyso: odiSi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: Wyondidis,caiSisa da walenjixasi), exlandeli senakisa da zugdidis mazrebi. kaTedramRvdelmTavrisa _ martvilSi, rezidencia _ q. foTSi. pativi mwyemsmTavrisa:“Wyondideli mitropoliti”.ib) baTom-Semoqmedisa. samwyso: guria, tao-klarjeTi da WaneTi (teritoriaZveli eparqiebisa: xinowmidisa _ imave baTomis, Semoqmedis, jumaTis, satrapelasi,tbeTis, anCis, iSxanisa da banis), rasac Seicavs: ruseTis sazRvrebSi _ exlandeliozurgeTis mazra, baTomis, arTvinis da olTisis olqebi, xolo osmaleTis


256 mitropoliti anania jafariZesazRvrebSi _ olqebi: TorTomi, kiskimi, ispiri, rize, aTina da xofa. kaTedramRvdelmTavrisa _ q. baTomSi, rezidencia iqve. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “baTomel-Semoqmedeli episkopozi”.ig) cxum-bediisa (teritoria Zveli eparqiebis: drandisa _ imave cxumis,bediisa, moqvisa da biWvinTisa). exlandeli soxumis olqi gagris ubnis mimatebiT.kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa cxumSi (soxumSi), rezidencia _ iqve. mRvdelmTavrispativi: “cxumel-bedieli episkopozi”.SeniSvna 1. mitropolitebi pativiT episkopozebze maRla dganan. samitropolito kaTedrebiierarqiulad Tanasworni arian, agreTve saepiskopozo kaTedrebi. mwyemsmTavarni pativdebuliqmnebian xeldasxmis (qirotoniis) uxucesobis mixedviT. gamonaklisia mxolod tfilelimitropoliti, rodesac igi faqtiurad kaTolikozis mosaydreobas asrulebs.SeniSvna 2. am siis Secvla da Sevseba sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis krebis kompetenciasekuTvnis.$3. saqarTvelos eklesias mTlianad da nawilobriv (eparqias, olqsa da samrevlos)ganageben krebebi (sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiisa, saeparqio, saolqo dasamrevlo), romelTac aRmasrulebel organoebad hyavs sabWoebi (sakaTolikozo,saeparqio, saolqo da samrevlo).mTavari gamgeoba $4. saqarTvelos eklesias ganagebs sruliad saqarTvelossaeklesio kreba, romZelsac Seadgens eklesiis srulwlovan wevrTa warmomadgenlebi,ganurCevlad sqesisa, Tanamdebobisa da xarisxisa, TiToeul olqidan oTxoTxikaci, amaT garda saeklesio krebis aucilebel wevrebad iTvlebian yvelammarTveli mRvdelmTavrebi.$5. sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas Tavmjdomareobs kaTolikozi, xolo,roca igi ar aris, misi mosaydre, da Tu mosaydrec ar aris, erT-erTi mRvdelmTavarikrebis arCeviT. krebave airCevs prezidiumis danarCen wevrebsa da mdivnebs.kreba aris Cveulebrivi _ xuT weliwadSi erTxel, da araCveulebrivi _ rocasaWiroeba moiTxovs, Cveulebriv krebas iwvevs kaTolikozi, xolo araCveulebrivsan kaTolikozi, an sakaTolikozo sabWo, saeparqio sabWoTa umravlesobis TanxmobiT.kreba kanonieria, Tu mowveulTa erTi mesamedi mainc gamocxaddeba.$6. sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebis kompetencias eqvemdebareba:a) adgilobrivi saeklesio kanonmdebloba; b) uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali;g) sabolood garCeva da gadawyveta im saqmeebisa, romelTac mas sakaTolikozosabWo warmoudgens; d) arCeva sakaTolikozo sabWos da sakaTolikozo sasamarTloswevrebisa da maTi kandidatebisa; e) Zveli kaTedrebis aRdgena, axali eparqiebisgaxsna an arsebul eparqiaTa daxurva da sazRvrebis gamijvna; v) zrunva sasulierosaswavlebelTa daarsebisa da nivTierad uzrunvelyofisaTvis; z) mTavarimarTva-gamgeobis organoTa Statebis damtkiceba.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli257$7. saeklesio krebis mudmivi aRmasrulebeli organo aris sruliad saqarTvelossakaTolikozos sabWo (anu SemoklebiT “sakaTolikozo sabWo”). sakaTolikozosabWo Sesdgeba Tormet wevrisagan. sabWos wevrad SeiZleba arCeul iqmnesqalica da kacic, rogorc krebis delegatTa, ise aradelegatTagan. sabWos wevrni,agreTve oTxi maTi kandidati, aRirCevian saeklesio krebis mier xuTis wlis vadiTda SeuZlianT xelaxla arCeul iqmnen. sabWos Tavmjdomareobs kaTolikoz-patriarqi,xolo roca is avad aris an sxvagan sadme, misi mosaydre. dasaxelebulTormet wevrTa garda sabWoSi gadamwyvetis xmiT monawileobas iRebs or-orimRvdelmTavari, romelnic gamoiwvevian eparqiebidan rigrigobiT ori Tvis vadiT,agreTve TiTo warmomadgeneli saeparqio sabWoTa, Tu ukanasknelni saWirod daTavisaTvis SesaZleblad dainaxaven maT warmogzavnas. sabWos sxdomis dReebisa dasaqmeebis ganxilvis rigs awesebs Tavmjdomare. sxdoma kviraSi orjer mainc undamoxdes da is kanonieria, Tu rva wevri mainc daeswreba TavmjdomariTurT. sabWoSisakiTxi ubralo xmis umetesobiT swydeba, xolo roca xmebi Tanabrad iyofa, maSinis azri upiratesobs, romelsac Tavmjdomare emxroba.$8. sakaTolikozo sabWos samsaxuris mxriT eqvemdebarebian rogorc mRvdelmTavarnida sasuliero pirni, agreTve saeklesio dawesebulebani da maTSi mosamsaxureni,xolo sarwmunoebisa da saeklesio disciplinis mxriT yoveli wevrni saqarTveloseklesiisa. sabWos dadgenilebani savaldebuloa yvela saeklesio dawesebulebaTada eklesiis wevrTaTvis; imaTi Secvla SeuZlia mxolod sabWos da saeklesiokrebas. sakaTolikozo sabWo Tavis funqciebis aRsrulebis dros xelmZRvanelobssaRmrTo weriliT, msoflio da adgilobriv (maT Soris saqarTvelos eklesiis)krebaTa dadgenilebiT da saxelmwifoSi momqmed kanonmdeblobiT. sakaTolikozosabWos aqvs damxmare organoebi: kancelaria, samoswavlo komiteti, sameurneogamgeoba da samonastro gamgeoba: amaT garda sabWos hyavs iuriskonsulti.$9. sakaTolikozo sabWos eqvemdebareba Semdegi saqmeebi: a) zrunva saeklesioswavla-moZRvrebisa da qarTuli RvTismetyvelebis ayvavebisa da Seuryvnelad dacvisaTvis;b) zrunva samwysoTa sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi warmatebisaTvis; g) saeklesiokanonTa da saqarTvelos saeklesio krebis dadgenilebaTa ganmarteba; rocasaWiroeba moiTxovs, axali kanon-proeqtis SemuSaveba da saeparqio sabWoebTan SeTanxmebiT,droebiT, morig saeklesio krebamde, cxovrebaSi gatareba; krebas uflebaaqvs daadasturos an uarhyos am wesiT cxovrebaSi gatarebuli kanoni; d) Tvalyurisdevneba mis qveiT mdgom pirTa da dawesebulebaTa moqmedebisa; e) zrunva monaster-Ta, taZarTa, saqvelmoqmedo da saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTa keTil-mowyobisada warmatebisaTvis; v) winaswari ganxilva da saTanado dawesebulebaTa winaSeSuamdgomlobis aRZvra monasterTa, eklesiaTa, saqvelmoqmedo da samoswavlosaganmanaTleblodawesebulebaTa daarsebis Sesaxeb; z) saTanado saxelmwifo dawesebulebaTada Tanamdebobis pirTa winaSe saeklesio saqmeTa gamo Suamdgomlobis


258 mitropoliti anania jafariZeaRZvra; H) zrunva samRvdeloebis qonebrivad uzrunvel-yofisaTvis; T) zrunvasamsaxuridan gasul samRvdelo pirTa, saeklesio moxeleTa da samRvdeloebisqvriv-obolTaTvis; i) zrunva saRmrTo da saeklesio-saRvTismsaxuro wignTaSedgenisa, Sesworebisa da gamocemisaTvis; ia) mRvdelmTavarTa, Tanaxmad maTisTxovnisa, samsaxuridan ganTavisufleba; ib) reviziis daniSvna sxvadasxva saWiroebaTada SemTxvevaTa gamo; ig) eparqiebisa da saeklesio dawesebulebaTa xarjTaRricxvisganxilva-damtkiceba; id) saeparqio da sxvadasxva saeklesio dawesebulebaTawliuri angariSebis ganxilva da mTeli sakaTolikozoQs wliuri angariSisSedgena krebisaTvis warsadgenad; ie) saeklesio uZrav qonebaTa SeZena-ganTvisebisdamtkiceba; iv) sabolood garCeva da damtkiceba saeparqio sabWoTagan SemosulsaqmeTa; iz) nebarTva sakaTolikozoSi nebayoflobiTi Sewirulebis saqvelmoqmedomizniT Sekrebisa; iH) sxva avtokefalur eklesiebTan urTierTobis daWera;iT) winaswari muSaoba sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebis mowvevisaTvis daagreTve am krebaze gansaxilvel sakiTxTa damuSaveba da masalebis Sekreba; k) xelmZRvanelobakaTolikozis arCevnebisa; ka) micema droebiTis Tavisuflebisa, erTTveze metis vadiT, episkopozebisa, sakaTolikozo sabWoQsa da sakaTolikozo sasamarTloQswevrebisa da sabWoQs damxmare organoTa gamgeTaTvis; kb) ganxilva dagadawyveta im saqmeebisa, romelnic saeparqio sabWoebidan gadmoecema; kg) zrunvagalobis aRdgena-gamSvenebisaTvis; kd) zrunva saarqeologio naSTTa dacvisaTvis.$10. kaTolikozi. saWeTmpyroblad (mTavar-winamZRvrad) eklesiisa iTvlebamTavarepiskopozi mcxeTisa da sruliad saqarTveloQs kaTolikoz-patriarqi, romelsacirCevs saqarTvelos eklesiis yvela srulwlovani wevri pirdapiris, sayovelTao,Tanasworis da farulis xmis micemiT.SeniSvna: sakaTolikozo kandidatisaTvis berobis miReba savaldebulo araa. fizikurisada zneobrivis mxriT igi unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonTa moTxovnilebas da undahqondes miRebuli umaRlesi sazogado ganaTleba da Sesaferi saRvTismetyvelo momzadeba.$11. kaTolikoz-patriarqi aris “pirveli TanasworTa Soris” (mociq. kan. 34)da misi kompetencia aseTia: a) is Tavmjdomareobs sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesiokrebas, sakaTolikozo sabWos da sakaTolikozo sasamarTlos; b) mwyemsmTavruladmimoixilavs sakaTolikozos eparqiebs da xelmZRvanelobas uwevs episkopozebssaeparqio mTavar-gamgeobaSi; g) mis saxels ixsenieben wirva-locvis drossakaTolikozoQs mRvdelmTavarni da samRvdeloeba; d) igi aZlevs droebiTs Tavisuflebas:episkopozebs, sakaTolikozo sabWoQsa da sasamarTloQs wevrebs da sabWoQsdamxmare organoTa gamgeebs ara umetes erTi Tvisa weliwadSi, xolo saeparqiomarTva-gamgeobis organoTa da sasamarTlos Tavmjdomareebs da wevrebs ori Tvidanda mets; e) agreTve aZlevs daTxovniTs sigelebs im episkopozebs, romelnic eparqiidandroebiT sxvagan sadme midian; v) rogorc Tavmjdomare sakaTolikozosasamarTlosi, igi iRebs saCivars episkopozTa, sakaTolikozo sabWos da sasa-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli259marTlos wevrTa, saeparqio krebaTa da saeparqio dawesebulebaTa (sabWos da sasamarTlos)Sesaxeb da aZlevs am saCivars kanonier msvlelobas; z) rogorc TavmjdomaresakaTolikozo sabWosi, is zrunavs uepiskoposod darCenil eparqiebisaTvis;H) saWiro SemTxvevaSi, sabWos mindobilobiT, is aZlevs rCevas damwyemsmTavrul SeniSvnas episkopozebsa da saeparqio marTva-gamgeobis organoTa dasasamarTloQs Tavmjdomareebsa da wevrebs; T) sabWosave mondobilobiT imas miwer-moweraaqvs sxva avtokefalur eklesiebTan da saxelmwifos umaRles dawesebulebebTan;i) moiwvevs Cveulebriv saeklesio krebas da araCveulebrivs saeparqiosabWoTa umravlesobis TanxmobiT.saeparqio marTva-gamgeoba $12. saeparqio mmarTvelobis mTavari organoaris saeparqio kreba, romelzedac TviToeuli olqi hgzavnis oTxs warmomadgenels.kreba orgvaria: Cveulebrivi, weliwadSi erTxel, da araCveulebrivi _saWiroebisdagvarad. krebas Tavmjdomareobs adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari; rocamRvdelmTavari ar aris, kreba TiTon irCevs Tavmjdomares samRvdelo pirTaSoris. krebave irCevs prezidiumis danarCen wevrebs da mdivnebsac. kreba kanonieria,Tu masze gamocxadda ara umcires mowveulTa naxevrisa.$13. saeparqio krebis uflebas Seadgens: a) saeparqio sabWoQs da saeparqiosasamarTloQs wevrTa da maTi kandidatebis arCeva; b) Tvalyuris devneba saeparqiocxovrebisa da saeparqio dawesebulebaTa moqmedebisa; g) eparqiis danawilebaolqebad, an arsebul olqTa gadamijvna; d) zrunva saeklesio, samoswavlo dasaganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTa daarsebisa, gaumjobesebisa da nivTier saSualebaTagamonaxvisaTvis eparqiaSi; e) adgilobrivi sabWos mier SemuSavebulwesebis da instruqciebis damtkiceba; v) zrunva galobis gaumjobesebisaTvis daagreTve zrunva siZveleTa dacvisaTvis.$14. saeparqio krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris saeparqio sabWo. sabWosTavmjdomareobs adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari, xolo, roca igi araa, maSin sabWoswevrebi Tvis Soris airCeven Tavmjdomares samRvdelo pirTagan. sabWo Sesdgebaeqvsi wevrisagan, romelTac irCevs kreba rogorc sasuliero, ise saero pirTagan.sabWos wevrebi irCevian saeparqio krebis mier sami wlis vadiT. amaT garda sabWoshyavs mdivani, romelsac TviT sabWo moiwvevs.$15. saeparqio sabWos kompetencias eqvemdebareba: a) sarwmunoebis da zneobisdacva-ganmtkicebisaTvis zrunva eparqiaSi; b) Tvalyuris devneba samonastro dasaeklesio qonebaTa marTva-gamgeobisa eparqiaSi; g) ganxilva im saqmeebisa, romelTacmas saolqo krebebi an saolqo sabWoebi warmoudgenen; d) Tvalyuris devneba yvelasaeklesio dawesebulebaTa da saeklesio Tanamdebobis pirTa moqmedebisa eparqiaSi;e) ganxilva sakiTxisa axali olqebis gaxsnis an arsebul olqTa Semcirebisa gindgayofisa da gadamijvnisa eparqiis farglebSi; v) saeparqio krebaze gansaxilvel


260 mitropoliti anania jafariZesakiTxTa winaswari damuSaveba; z) gacema iseTi dokumentebisa, romelnic morwmuneTamoqalaqeobriv mdgomareobas Seexebian; H) saeparqio wliur angariSis Sedgenasaeparqio krebisa da sakaTolikozo sabWosaTvis warsadgenad; T) berobisa dasasuliero wodebidan ganTavisufleba.SeniSvna : saqmeebi wydeba ubralo xmis umetesobiT; magram, roca sabWosa da mRvdelmTavarsSoris uTanxmoebaa, maSin sadavo saqme gadaecema sakaTolikozo sabWos.$16. episkopozi. episkopozi aris eparqiis sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi cxovrebisxelmZRvaneli da ganagebs eparqias saeparqio sabWosTan erTad. saepiskopozo kandidatiaRirCevis sayovelTao, pirdapiri, Tanaswori da faruli xmis micemiT,xolo xeldaasxams mas kaTolikozi episkopozTa krebiTurT. saepiskopozo kandidatsunda hqondes miRebuli umaRlesio ganaTleba da Sesaferi saRvTismetyvelomomzadeba, xolo ukidures SemTxvevaSi ara umcires saSualo saRvTismetyveloganaTlebisa; fizikurad da zneobrivad unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonTamoTxovnilebas.SeniSvna : saepiskopozo kandidatisaTvis berad Sedgoma savaldebulo ar aris.$17. episkopozis kompetencias ekuTvnis: a) sruli ufleba mTels eparqiaSi swavla-moZRvrebisa;b) ufleba yovelgvaris mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebisa; g) zrunva,raTa mis eparqiaSi morwmuneni saRs saeklesio swavlebas icavdnen; d) mas aqvsufleba axsnas qorwinebis dros zogierTi dabrkolebani, romelnic naTesaurikavSiridan gamomdinareoben; e) sarwmunoebriv saqmeebSi masze damokidebuli arianepaqriis yvela wevrebi; v) mis saxels aRavlens wirva-locvis dros mTeli eparqiissamRvdeloeba; z) is aZlevs droebiTs Tavisuflebas, ara umetes erTi Tvisa,saeparqio dawesebulebebSi mosamsaxureT, -episkopozi valdebulia: a) daemorCilos saeklesio kanonebsa da mTavar saeklesiommrTvelobis mier kanonierad gamocemuls dadgenilebaTa, xolo roca amaTu im saeklesio kanonisa an dadgenilebis Sesaxeb gaugebroba rame daibadeba, gansamartebladmTavar saeklesio mTavrobas mihmarTos; b) cxoveli kavSiri iqoniossamwysosTan da am mizniT xSir-xSirad mimoixilos Tavisi eparqia; g) yvelaferSidaemorCilos sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas da, roca sakaTolikozosabWo miiwvevs, aRniSnul krebaze gamocxaddes; d) mTavari saeklesio mTavrobisnebadaurTvelad ara moimoqmedos ra iseTi, rac mis uflebas aRemateba; e) wirvalocvisdros kaTolikozis saxels ixseniebdes; v) sxva eparqiaSi Tavisi nebiT aradaiwyos ra; z) pativiscemiT epyrobodes sxva mRvdelmTavrebs, saeparqio sabWoebsada saeparqio gadawyvetilebas. _ rogorc saeparqio sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares,episkopozs ufleba aqvs, am sasamarTlos ganaCenis Tanaxmad, damnaSave mRvdelimRvdelmoqmedebidan gankveTos, epitemia daados, anu moxsnas da sxv.saolqo mmarTveloba $18. saeklesio olqSi Sedis ara umcires 10-isa da araumetes 15-is samrevloQsa.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli261$19. olqs ganagebs saolqo kreba, romelSiac monawileobas iRebs olqisTviTeuli samrevlodan ori-ori warmomadgeneli. krebas Tavmjdomareobs sam-Rvdelo piri krebisave arCeviT. saolqo krebas iwvevs saolqo sabWo da igi kanonieria,Tu masze gamocxaddeba ara umcires yvela wevrTa naxevrisa. saolqo krebaaris: Cveulebrivi _ weliwadSi orjel da araCveulebrivi _ saWiroebisadagvarad.$20. saolqo krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis: a) saolqo sabWosi da saolqosasamarTlos wevrTa da maTi kandidatebis arCeva, agreTve arCeva delegatebisasaeparqio da sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebisaTvis; b) zrunva samrevloeb-Si saeklesio cxovrebis mowesrigebisa da warmatebisaTvis; g) zrunva qvriv-obolgaWivrebulTaTvis,da sazogadod saqvelmoqmedo saqmis moywoba olqSi; d) saolqosabWos moqmedebis angariSTa ganxilva; e) Suamdgomlobis aRZvra da mosazrebaTawardgena Sesaxeb axalis samrevloebis daarsebisa, arsebul samrevloTa gayofisada Semcirebisa; v) sasyidlis daniSvna saolqo sabWoQs da saolqo sasamarTloQsmdivnisa da saqmis mwarmoebelisaTvis.$21. saolqo krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris saolqo sabWo, romelicSesdgeba Tavmjdomarisa (usaTuod mRvdeli unda iyos) da eqvsi wevrisagan, romelsacirCevs saolqo kreba sami wlis vadiT, rogorc saero, agreTve sasulieropirTagan. sabWos hyavs mdivani, romelsac iwvevs TviT sabWo.$22. saolqo sabWo: a) adgens saolqo wliur angariSs, romelsac warudgenssaolqo krebasa da saeparqio sabWos; b) winaswar daamuSavebs sakiTxebs, romelicsaolqo krebas unda waredginos gansaxilvelad; g) iwvevs saolqo krebas da xelmZRvanelobasuwevs samrevlo krebebs wevrTa arCevaSi; d) iZleva saWiro cnobebsolqis dawesebulebaTa da mosamsaxure pirTa Sesaxeb, roca amas umaRlesi saeklesiodawesebulebani moiTxoven; e) zrunavs moawesrigos krebulis wevrTa Soris amtydariuTanxmoebani saZmo Semosavlisa da sazogadod sameurneo saqmeebis gamo, agreTveamave xasiaTis uTanxmoebani krebulis wevrTa da samrevlo sabWoebs Soris da sxv.SeniSvna: dawvrilebiTs instruqcias saolqo sabWoebisaTvis SeimuSavebs sakaTolikozo sabWo.samrevlo $23. samrevlo aris erTis sarwmunoebriv-zneobriobis mizniT,urTierTis daxmarebis azriT, saeklesio meurneobiT, sakuTaris krebulis xelmZRvanelobiT,saerTo taZris garSemo Semokrebili da episkopozze kanoniurad damokidebulimorwmuneTa sazogadoeba.SeniSvna: samrevlo iuridiul pirs warmoadgens.$24. samrevlos gaxsna ar SeiZleba, ukeTu morwmuneTa ricxvi imdenad mcirea,rom sakuTari taZrisa da krebulis Senaxva ar SeuZliaT. TviTeul samrevlosuWiravs gansazRvruli teritoria, romlis sazRvrebi SeiZleba Seicvalos sxvasamrevloebTan SeTanxmebiT da saTanado saeklesio mTavrobis nebarTviT.SeniSvna: qalaqebSi samrevloTaTvis teritoriuli principis dacva savaldebulo ar aris.


262 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$25. mrevlad iTvleba yoveli morwmune, romelic gansazRvruls samrevlosekuTvnis, Setanilia samrevlo wignSi da monawileobas iRebs yvela xarjebSi,rasac samrevlo eweva.SeniSvna: rodesac morwmunes erTi samrevlos teritoriidan meoresaSi uxdeba gadasvla(mag: qalaqebSi), mas SeuZlia, Tu moisurvebs, winandeli samrevlos wevrad darCes.$26. yovel samrevlos aqvs Tavisi sakuTreba, rasac Seadgenen sxvadasxvasaxelwodebisa da daniSnulebis Tanxebi da maTi Semosavali, sanTlis mogeba,taZarSi, samrevloSi an sxvagan Segrovili Semowiruloba, sasaflaos Semosavali,samrevlo da sakrebulo adgilmamuli da misi Semosavali, yovelgvarisaganmanaTleblo da saqvelmoqmedo xasiaTis Semowiruleba, sakrebulo saxlebi,taZari da misi samkauli, sasaflao da sxva. am sakuTrebas samrevlo ganagebsSesafer organoTa saSualebiT.SeniSvna 1. taZari aris morwmuneTa samlocvelo Senoba, samrevlo, saeklesio, saxelmwifoanu kerZo qvelmoqmedTa xarjiT agebuli. erTsa da imave samrevloSi SeiZleba iyos zedmiwerilitaZari, romelSiac, Tu saWiroeba moiTxovs da mosaxerxebelic iqneba, sruldeba yovelgvariRvTismsaxureba.SeniSvna 2. micvalebulTa dasamarxad samrevlos miCenili aqvs sagangebo adgili-sasaflao.samrevlos SeuZlia saflavebisaTvis gansazRvruli fasi daawesos, mxolod Raribebiufasod unda imarxeboden.$27. rodesac samrevlo sabolood ixureba, misi qoneba gadadis saqarTveloseklesiis kuTvnilebad: Tu is sxva samrevlos miewera, imisi qoneba ukanaskneliskuTvnilebad iqceva; xolo rodesac samrevlos romelime nawili damoukidebelsamrevlod gamoiyofa, imas saerTo qonebidan miecema dakmayofileba ZiriTadissamrevlos gadawyvetilebisameber.$28. samrevlos ganagebs samrevlo kreba, romelsac Seadgens yvela marTlmadidebeliqali da kaci (ara umcires 20-is wlisa), romelnic am samrevlossabuTebSi arian Cawerilni, rogorc wevrni samrevloQsa. kreba aris Cveulebrivi _weliwadSi orjel da ara-Cveulebrivi _ saWiroebisamebr, samrevlo krebas iwvevssamrevlo sabWo. kreba unda mowveul iqnas im SemTxvevaSic, roca amas moiTxovs araumcires samrevloQs 20-is srulwlovanis wevrisa. kreba TiTon irCevs Tavmjdomaresda, Tu saWiroa, mdivansac. kreba kanonieria, ukeTu masze samrevloQsyvela srulwlovan wevrTa mesamedi mainc gamocxaddeba, xolo Tu kreba pirvelmowvevaze ar Sesdga, meored igi kanonieria, ramdeni wevric unda gamocxaddes.$29. samrevlos krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis: a) arCeva krebulisa da samrevlosabWoQs wevrebisa da maTi kandidatebisa, agreTve samrevlos molarisa (uwindeli“mnaTisa”); b) eklesiisa da krebulis SenaxvisaTvis zrunva; g) samarTalSi micemasamrevlo sabWoQs wevrebisa samsaxuris aRsrulebis dros uflebis aRmatebisa daborotmoqmedebisaTvis; d) aRZrva saqmisa saolqo anu saeparqio sasamarTloebiswinaSe krebulis wevrTa Sesaxeb maTi uTanado moqmedebisa da cudi yofaqcevisaTvis;


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli263e) zrunva eklesiis ganSvenebisa da keTilmowyobisaTvis; v) zrunva samrevlossarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi srulyofisa da mis saganmanaTleblo-saqvelmoqmedodawesebulebaTaTvis; z) zrunva sakrebulo saxlisa da sasaflaosaTvis; H) daniSvnasarevizio komisiis wevrebisa samrevlo sabWos moqmedebisa da angariSis gansaxilvelad;T) arsebul samrevlos gayofis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis aRZvra; i) SuamdgomlobisaRZvra uZrav-moZravi qonebis SeZenisa da ganTvisebis Sesaxeb; ia) aRebaiseTis sesxisa, romelinic samrevlos Tviur Semosavals aRemateba; ib) SuamdgomlobisaRZvra taZris kapitalurad gadakeTebis Sesaxeb, roca trapezis aSlaasaWiro; ig) arCeva delegatebisa saolqo krebisaTvis.$30. samrevlo krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris samrevlo sabWo, romelicSedgeba ara umcires eqvsisa da ara umetes Tormetis wevrisa, romelTac irCevssamrevlo kreba sami wlis vadiT. samrevlo sabWos Tavmjdomareobs eklesiiswinamZRvari, xolo roca igi ar aris, maSin sabWo TviTon irCevs TavmjdomaresTvis Soris. sabWos sxdomebi imarTeba TveSi erTxel, xolo, Tu saWiroeba moiTxovs,ufro xSirad, saqmeebi wydeba ubralo xmis umetesobiT, xolo, roca xmebiTanabrad iyofa, maSin is azri upitaresobs, romelsac Tavmjdomare emxroba.SeniSvna : sabWos wevrad, agreTve molared irCeva rogorc mamakaci, ise dedakaci.$31. samrevlo sabWos kompetencia aris: a) eklesiis uZrav-moZravi qonebismarTva-gamgeoba; b) yovelgvari statistikuri cnobis Sekreba, rasac ki samrevlosmarTva-gamgeobisaTvis aqvs raime mniSvneloba; g) akrefa saeklesio gadasaxadisamrevlSi da misi daniSnulebisamebr moxmareba; d) zrunva eklesiisa da krebulisSesanax saSualebaTa gasaZliereblad; e) zrunva taZrisa da RvTismsaxurebiskeTil-mowyobisaTvis; v) zrunva qvriv-obolTa da gaWirvebulTaTvis qvelmoqmedebiswesiT; z) aRZvra saqmisa im pirTa winaaRmdeg, romelnic eklesiasa damorwmuneTa sarwmunoebrivs grZnobas Selaxaven; H) mowveva samrevlo krebisa dawinaswari damuSaveba im sakiTxebisa, romelic krebam unda ganixilos; T) gamgeobasamrevlo sasaflaosi; i) samrevlo qonebisa da Tanxebis yovelTviuri Semowmeba;ia) Tavisi moqmedebis wliuri angariSis Sedgena saolqo sabWosa da samrevlokrebisaTvis warsadgenad.SeniSvna : samrevlo sabWos aucilebeli wevria samrevlo molare (uwindeli mnaTe), romelicawarmoebs wmida sanTlis operacias, iRebs samrevlo Tanxmebs da inaxavs sakredito dawesebulebebSi,awarmoebs Semosaval-gasavlis wignsa da adgens samrevlois Semosaval-gasavliswliur angariSs. molares irCevs samrevlo kreba sami wlis vadiT.$32. krebuli. krebulis aucilebel wevrad iTvlebian: mRvdeli da wignismkiTxveli,xolo, sadac SeZlebaa, iq samrevlos diakonica (mTavari) hyavs.SeniSvna 1. diakoni da wignis-mkiTxveli arian mxolod TanaSemweni mRvdlisa da uimisodaraviTari mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesruleba ar SeuZlianT samrevloSi.SeniSvna 2. erTsa da imave samrevloSi ori mRvdlis yofna sasurveli ar aris; magram, Tuamas moiTxovs samrevlos sidide da aucilebeli saWiroeba, samrevlos SeuZlia Tavis winamZRvarsTanaSemwed meore mRvdeli misces.


264 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$33. mRvdeli. mRvdeli valdebulia: a) mudam Tavis mrevlSi scxovrobdes dasamrevlo ar dastovos, gansakuTrebiT roca iq raime moaruli seni gaCndeba daroca samrevlos gansacdeli ram moelis; b) gansakuTrebul Tvalyurs adevnebdessakuTars yofaqcevas, rogorc sazogadoebaSi, ise Tavis saxlSi; g) aasrulossazogadoebrivi RvTismsaxureba dawesebul dros; d) mrevlis moTxovnilebisamebraasrulos saWiro mRvdelmoqmedeba; e) Tvalyuri adevnos taZrisa da saRvTismsaxurosagnebis sisufTavesa da keTilSvenierebas; v) Tvalyuri adevnos mrevlSi saeklesiodisciplinisa da zneobis dacvas; z) roca samsaxuris dros ama Tu imsakiTxis Sesaxeb eWvi daebadeba, movalea axsna-ganmartebisaTvis saolqo an saeparqiosabWos mihmarTos; H) mis upirveles movaleobas Seadgens eklesiaSi qadageba dasazogadod swavla-moZRvreba; T) mRvdeli movalea RvTismsaxurebis dros kaTolikozisada Tavisi episkopozis saxeli moixsenios; i) agreTve movalea krebulissxva wevrTa saSualebiT saeklesio sabuTebi awarmoos; ia) Tavis samrevloSi mRvdelsufleba aqvs sxvis mRvdels romlisame mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebis neba ar misces.$34. krebulis wevrebs irCevs samrevlo kreba, romelsac am SemTxvevaSi xelmZRvanelobasuwevs saolqo sabWo Tavisi warmomadgenlis SemweobiT. arCevis Semdegsaolqo sabWos warmomadgeneli Seadgens saarCevno sigels, romelsac warudgenssaolqo sabWos, xolo es ukanaskneli Tavisi daskvniTurT saeparqio sabWos _dasamtkiceblad. saeparqio sabWos ufleba aqvs samrevlos dasabuTebuli uariuTxras da axali kandidatis arCeva mosTxovos. krebis mier meored arCeuli kandidatiunda damtkicebul iqmnas sabWos mier.$35. samRvdelo da sadiakvno kandidati unda iyos moqalaqeobrivad srulwlovani,xolo wignis mkiTxvelad SeiZleba ufro axalgazrdac airCes. fizikuradsamRvdelo da sadiakvno kandidati unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonebis moTxovnilebas.rac Seexeba maT zneobriv TvisebaTa gamorkvevas, es mTlianad amomrCevelTandobisa da sindisis saqmea; samRvdelo kandidats unda hqondes miRebulisaSualo sazogado ganaTleba da yovel SemTxvevaSi ara umcires sruli progimnaziuliganaTlebisa. amave moTxovnilebas unda akmayofilebden, SeZlebisdagvarad,sadiakvno kandidatebi da wignis mkiTxvelnic, romelTac unda icodnen RvTismsaxurebiswesebi da saeklesio sabuTebis warmoeba, rac windawinve (arCevamde) undaiyos Semowmebuli romelsame saeparqio sabWosagan.SeniSvna : wignis-mkviTxvelad SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes rogorc mamakaci, ise dedakaci.saeklesio samarTali $36. saqarTvelos eklesiis samarTals eqvemdebarebaam eklesiis yvela wevri iseT saqmeSi saeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa, zneobrivcxovrebisa, saeklesio wyobilebisa da saeklesio samsaxuris winaaRmdeg, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia gansazRvruli sasjeli anu zomebi zRvevisada gasworebisa.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli265$37. saeklesio samarTali gancalkevebulia saeklesio gamgeobisagan, e.i. aqvssakuTari organoebi, garda sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebisa, romelicuzenaesi organoa rogorc gamgeobisa, ise samarTlisa eklesiaSi. am krebis gardasaeklesio samarTals aqvs kidev Semdegi organoebi: sakaTolikozo, saeparqio dasaolqo sasamarTloebi.$38. gansakuTrebuli instituti saqmis gamomZieblisa ar arsebobs, aramedsasamarTlo TviTon irCevs gamomZiebels Tavis wevrTagan TviToeul SemTxvevaSi.ar arsebobs arc prokuroris Tanamdeboba, aramed sasamarTlos erT-erT wevrsmiendoba sabraldebo oqmis Sedgena da moxseneba; es wevri Semdeg monawileobas aRariRebs ganaCenis gamotanaSi.SeniSvna: braldebuls neba aqvs sasamarTloSi damcveli (veqili) daixmaros, magram TviTsasamarTlosTan damcvelis instituti ar arsebobs.$39. saeklesio samarTali daxuruli ar aris, saqmis garCevas gareSeniceswrebian. ganaCens sasamarTlos wevrebi daadgenen Tavisi Sinaganis darwmunebisTanaxmad, da mxolod mas Semdeg, roca Semowmebul iqneba sasamarTloSi warmodgenilisabuTebi.$40. yoveli saqme arsebiTad gadawydeba ors instanciaSi da mesame instanciaiqneba sakasacio. sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebis ganaCeni ki sabolovoa,Tundac iq saqme pirvelis instanciiT wydebodes.saolqo sasamarTlo $41. yovel saeklesio olqs aqvs erTi saolqo sasamarTlo,romlis Semadgenloba aseTia: Tavmjdomare _ usaTuod mRvdeli da oTxiwevri, romelTac irCevs saolqo kreba sami wlis vadiT. igive kreba irCevs sasamarTloswevrTa kandidatebsac.SeniSvna: sasamarTlos wevrebi ganmeorebiTac SeiZleba arCeul iqmnen.$42. saolqo sasamarTlos eqvemdebareba iseTi saqmeebi ($36), romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia SeniSvna da datuqsva.saeparqio sasamarTlo $43. saeparqio sasamarTlos hyavs Tavmjdomare _adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari _ da eqvsi wevri, romelTac irCevs saeparqio krebasami wlis vadiT.SeniSvna 1. roca mRvdelmTavari ar aris, maSin sasamarTloSi Tavmjdomareobs erTi wevrimRvdelTagani TviT sasamarTlos arCeviT.SeniSvna 2. sasamarTlodan gasuli wevri SeiZleba xelmeored arCeul iqmnes. sasamarTloswevrebTan erTad saeparqio kreba irCevs maT kandidatebsac.$44. saeparqio sasamarTlos eqvemdebarebian: a) danaSaulobani, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia umZimesi zomebi: mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebis akrZalva,samsaxuridan gadayeneba; b) agreTve saolqo sabWoebis wevrTa danaSaulobanisamsaxuris aRsrulebis dros; g) gasaCivrebuli saqmeebi saolqo sasamarTloebidan;d) ganqorwinebis saqme.


266 mitropoliti anania jafariZesakaTolikozo sasamarTlo $45. sakaTolikozo sasamarTlos hyavs Tavmjdomare_ kaTolikozi da rva wevri, arCeulni sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesiokrebis mier xuTi wlis vadiT. roca saqme romelsame episkopozs Seexeba, maSinsaqmis garCevaSi monawileobas iReben gadamwyvetis xmiT yvela saeparqiomRvdelmTavrebic.SeniSvna 1. roca kaTolikozi ar aris, maSin sakaTolikozo sasamarTlos TavmjdomareobskaTolikozis mosaydre.SeniSvna 2. wevrebTan erTad saeklesio krebis mier airCeva maTi oTxi kandidatic.$46. sakaTolikozo sasamarTlos eqvemdebareba: a) danaSaulobani, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT daniSnulia eklesiis wevrobidan gamoricxva; b) saeparqiosabWoebis wevrTa da mRvdelmTavarTa danaSaulobani samsaxurSi; g) gansaCivrebulisaqmeebi saeparqio sasamarTloebidan apelaciis wesiT da saolqo sasamarTloebidankasaciis wesiT.uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali $47. uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali sruliadsaqarTvelos saeklesio krebis xelSia ($6 da $40), romelic aris pirveli dasaboloo msjavris damdebi organo sakaTolikozo sabWos da sakaTolikozo sasamarTloswevrebisa. mas eqvemdebareba: a) kaTolikozisa da sakaTolikozo sabWosda sasamarTlos wevrTa uTanado moqmedebani da danaSaulobani samsaxurSi. b)gansaCivrebuli saqmeebi sakaTolikozo sasamarTlodan apelaciis wesiT, xolosaeparqio sasamarTloebidan kasaciis wesiT.gadmobeWdilia wignidan - “debulebani, miRebuli saqarTvelos 1917 wlis saeklesiokrebaze”, tfilisi, stamba “cxovreba”, gabaanT Sesaxvevi, N4, 1917 w.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli267saqarTvelos II saeklesio kreba (27.06.1920)1918 wlis 26 maiss gamocxaddasaqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobis aRdgena,warmoiSva damoukidebeli `saqarTvelosrespublika~. pirvel msoflio omSiruseTis imperiis marcxis Semdeg germaniisada osmaleTis mxarem saqarTvelosgavlenian partiebsa da erovnul sabWoswauyena moTxovna-ultimatumi gamoecxadebinaTsaqarTvelos damoukidebeli saxelmwifosdaarseba, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSiosmaleTi moaxdenda amierkavkasiisokupirebas (rusis jarma am droisaTvisdatova amierkavkasia). amis gamo,amierkavkasiis samma xalxma (qarTvelebma,azerbaijanelebma da somxebma) gamoacxadesTavianTi saxelmwifo damoukidebloba.saqarTveloSi saxelmwifommarTveloba Tavis xelSi aiRo im droisaTvisxalxSi popularulma socialdemokratiulmapartiam, misma `menSevikurma~frTam. es partia iqamde mudamibrZoda saqarTvelos damoukideblobiswinaaRmdeg, TavgamodebiT icavda `erTiani,ganuyofeli ruseTis~ ideas, SemTxveviswyalobiT, menSevikuri partia moeqcaim saxelmwifos saTaveSi, romliswarmoSobis winaaRmdegac ibrZodaaTwleulebis manZilze. aman asaxva hpovamis damokidebulebaSi qarTuli eklesiisadmi.cxadia, maT ver Seafases qarTulieklesiis mniSvneloba.amitomac, 1920 wlis 27 ivniss gamarTulmasaeklesio krebam imsjelamTavrobis mier eklesiis mimarT gamotaniligadawyvetilebaTa Sesaxeb da aRni-Sna, rom didad ilaxeboda eklesiis damorwmune eris interesebi.II kreba Seexo eklesiis marTvagamgeobisdebulebas. krebam gaauqmaTbilisis samitropolito kaTedra,gaaerTiana mcxeTisa da Tbilisis eparqiebi,romelic Sevida kaTolikos-patriarqisiurisdiqciaSi.krebam SeimuSava marTva-gamgeobisaxali debuleba; kaTolikoz-patriarqaddaamtkica uwmidesi da unetaresileonide.


268 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobadebulebanimiRebuli sruliad saqarTvelos 1920 wlis saeklesio krebis mier$1. marTva-gamgeobis mxriv saqarTvelos eklesia ganiyofeba eparqiebad, eparqiebi_ olqebad, xolo olqebi _ samrevloebad.$2. saqarTvelos eklesiaSi Semdegi eparqiebia:a) mcxeTisa da tfilisisa, romlis mwyemsTmTavari aris “mTavarepiskopozimcxeTisa da tfilisisa da sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikoz-patriarqi”. samwyso:saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. dedaqalaqi mcxeTa, orisave aragvisa da qsanlexurisxeobani, gare-qarTli da gare-kaxeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebis: mcxeTisa,wilknisa, nawili samTavisisa da samTavrosi, tfilisisa, manglisisa,walkisa, dmanisisa, bolnisisa, winwyarosi, agarakisa, rusTavisa, kawareTisa daninowmidisa), rasac Seicavs exlandeli duSeTis mazra Semdegis cvlilebiT: dasavleTiTemateba qsan-lexuris xeobaTa qvemo-nawili vidre wlevis mTamde, tfilisisda borCalos mazrebi da bambakis xeoba. kaTedra eparqiisa aris mcxeTa(sveticxovelSi), xolo kaTolikozis rezidencia - tfilisSi.SeniSvna 1. kaTolikoz-patriarqis samwysos Seadgens saqarTvelos eklesiis wevrni, mcxovrebnisakaTolikozos gareT iseT qveynebSi, sadac marTlmadidebeli episkopozi ar aris, dasaqarTvelos mxedroba.SeniSvna 2. kaTolikozis gardacvalebis Semdeg gamoiwveva erT-erTi mRvdelmTavari daigi iwodeba kaTolikozis mosaydred, kaTolikozis arCevamde.b) alaverdisa. samwyso: Sida-kaxeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebis: alaverdisa,nekresisa da xarWaSenis), rasac Seicavs exlandeli Telavisa da TianeTis mazrebixarWiSos ubnis mimatebiT da amaT garda didoeT-durZukeTi, miwerili Tergisa dadaRestnis mxareebze. kaTedra _ alaverdSi, rezidencia mRvdelmTavrisa q. TelavSi.pativi mRvdelmTavrisa aris - “alaverdeli episkopozi” (anu “abba alaverdeli”).g) bodbisa. samwyso: hereTi, rani, Saqi da wuqeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa:bodbisa, Weremisa, giSisa da xoranabujisa), rasac Seadgens exlandeli mazrebida olqebi _ siRnaRisa, zaqaTalisa, samurisa, nuxisa, areSisa, ganjisa da yazaxisa.kaTedra - bodbeSi, rezidencia mRvdelmTavrisa _ q. siRnaRSi. pativimRvdelmTavris: “bodbeli episkopozi”.d) urbnisisa. samwyso: Sida-qarTli (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: urbnisis,ruisis, niqozisa, nawili samTavisisa da samTavrosi), rasac Seicavs exlandeli


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli269goris mazra, garda borjomis xeobisa, da amas garda dvaleTi, miwerili Tergismxareze. kaTedra _ urbnisSi, rezidencia mRvdelmTavrisa _ q. gorSi. mRvdelmTavrispativi: “urbneli episkopozi”.e) awyurisa. samwyso: samcxe, javaxeTi da zemo-somxeTi (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: awyuris, wurwyabis, kumurdosi, eruSeTis, dadaSenis, wyarosTavis,anisis, karisa da alaSkertis), rasac Seadgens exlandeli axalcixis mazra _borjomis xeobis mimatebiT, axalqalaqis mazra, artaanis olqi, yarsis olqi,yaRzevanis olqi, gumbris mazra da amaT garda ori olqi osmaleTis samzRvrebSi_ basiani da alaSkerti. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _ awyverSi (droebiT zarzmaSi),rezidencia q. axalcixeSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi - “mawyvereli episkopozi”.v) quTaisisa. samwyso: qvemo-imereTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: quTaisisada xonis), - exlandeli quTaisis mazra md. wyalwiTelas qvemod. kaTedra _quTaisSi da mwyemsmTavris rezidencia iqve. mwyemsmTavris pativi aris - “quTaTelimitropoliti”.z) genaTisa. samwyso: zemo-imereTi (teritoria genaTis Zveli eparqiisa), -exlandeli Sorapnis mazra da okriba md. wyalwiTelas zemod. kaTedramRvdelmTavrisa _ gelaTSi, rezidencia _ q. zestafonSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi:“genaTeli episkopozi”.H) nikorwmidisa. samwyso: raWa (teritoria nikorwmidis Zveli eparqiisa), -exlandeli raWis mazra. kaTedra _ nikorwmidaSi, rezidencia mRvdelmTavrisa _onSi. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “nikorwmideli episkopozi”.T) cagerisa. samwyso: leCxum-svaneTi (teritoria _ cageris Zveli eparqiisa),- exlandeli leCxumis mazra. kaTedra _ cagerSi. mRvdelmTavris rezidencia _iqve. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “cagereli episkopozi”.i) Wyondidisa. samwyso: odiSi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: Wyondidis,caiSisa da walenjixisa), exlandeli senakisa da zugdidis mazrebi. kaTedramwyemsmTavrisa _ martvilSi, rezidencia _ q. foTSi. pativi mwyemsmTavrisa aris- “Wyondideli mitropoliti”.ia) baTom-Semoqmedisa. samwyso: guria, tao-klarjeTi da WaneTi (teritoriaZveli eparqiebisa: xinowmidisa _ imave baTomisa, Semoqmedisa, jumaTisa, satrapelasi,tbeTisa, anCisa, iSxanisa da banisa), rasac Seicavs saqarTvelos respublikissazRvrebSi _ exlandeli ozurgeTis mazra, baTomis, arTvinis da olTisisolqebi, xolo osmaleTis sazRvrebSi _ olqebi: TorTomi, kiskimi, ispiri, rize,aTina da xofa. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _ q. baTomSi da rezidencia iqve. pativimRvdelmTavrisa: “baTomel-Semoqmedeli episkopozi”.SeniSvna: sanam guriis eparqiaSi sakuTari mRvdelmTavari dainiSnebodes exlandel guriasamegrelosepiskoposs ewodos Wyondidel-Semoqmedeli.


270 mitropoliti anania jafariZeib) cxum-afxazeTisa (teritoria Zveli eparqiebis: drandisa _ imave cxumis,bediisa, moqvisa da biWvinTisa). exlandeli soxumis olqi gagris ubnis mimatebiT.kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa cxumSi (soxumSi), rezidencia _ iqve. mRvdelmTavrispativi aris - “cxumel-afxazeli mitropoliti”.SeniSvna 1. mitropolitebi pativiT episkopozebze maRla dganan. samitropolito kaTedrebiierarqiulad Tanasworni arian, agreTve saepiskopozo kaTedrebi. mwyemsmTavarni pativdebuliqmnebian xeldasxmis (qirotoniis) uxucesobis mixedviT.SeniSvna 2. am siis Secvla da Sevseba sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis krebis kompetenciasekuTvnis.mTavari gamgeoba $3. saqarTvelos eklesias ganagebs saqarTvelos saeklesiokreba, romelsac Seadgens or-ori warmomadgeneli TiTo olqisagan. amaTgan erTiueWvelad samRvdelo pirTagani unda iyves, xolo meore eklesiis srulwlovanwevrTagan, ganurCevlad sqesisa, Tanamdebobisa da xarisxisa (SeiZleba sasulieropiri iyves).amaT garda saeklesio krebis aucilebel wevrebad iTvlebian yvela mmarTvelimRvdelTmTavrebi, sakaTolikozo sabWos wevrebi, TviTeul eparqiiTgan TiTo warmomadgenelidedaTa da mamaTa monastrebisa, da TiTo warmomadgeneli sasulieroumaRles da saSualo saswavlebelTagan da tfilisis saxelmwifo universitetisagan.SeniSvna 1. avadmyofobis dros mRvdelTmTavars ufleba aqvs wargzavnos krebazed Tavisiwarmomadgeneli.SeniSvna 2. delegatad arCeul unda iqmnas saeroTagan iseTi piri, romelic sam ukanasknelweliwadSi erTxel mainc ziarebula, xolo samRvdeloTagan, romelic weliwadSi orjer ityvisaRsarebas Tavis moZRvarTan, da romelTac sasamarTlos mier ar aqvT CamorTmeuli anu SezRudulisazogado krebaze daswrebis ufleba.SeniSvna 3. delegats saolqo krebis wevrni irCeven Tvis Soris.SeniSvna 4. delegatad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnas mRvdlis xarisxisagan gandgomili an gankveTili.$4. sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas Tavmjdomareobs kaTolikozi, xolo,roca igi ar aris, misi mosaydre, da Tu mosaydrec ar aris, erT-erTi mRvdelmTavarikrebis arCeviT. krebave airCevs prezidiumis danarCen wevrebsa da mdivnebs.kreba aris perioduli, weliwadSi erTxel, da mudmivi _ sakaTolikozo sabWossaxeliT. periodul krebas iwvevs kaTolikozi, an misi mosaydre. kreba kanonieria,Tu mowveulTa naxevari mainc gamocxaddeba.$5. saqarTvelos eklesiis periodul krebis kompetencias eqvemdebareba: a) adgilobrivisaeklesio kanonmdebloba; b) uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali; g) saboloodgarCeva da gadawyveta im saqmeebisa, romelTac mas sakaTalikozo sabWowarmoudgens; d) arCeva sakaTolikozo sabWos, anu mudmivi krebis wevrebisa da maTikandidatebisa; e) Zveli kaTedrebis aRdgena, axali eparqiebis gaxsna an arsebuleparqiaTa daxurva da sazRvrebis gamijvna; v) zrunva sasuliero saswavlebelTadaarsebisa da nivTierad uzrunvelyofisaTvis.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli271$6. mudmivi kreba anu sakaTalikozo sabWo Sesdgeba yvela mmarTvel mRvdelTmTavarTaganda eqvsi wevrisagan. sabWos wevrebi da maTi eqvsi kandidati aRirCeviansaeklesio krebis mier, rogorc delegatTa, ise ara delegatTagan. naxevari arCeuliwevrebisa da maTi kandidatebisa uTuod samRvdelo pirni unda iyvnen.SeniSvna: kaTalikoz-patriarqi da sabWos wevrebi pasuxismgebelni arian periodul krebis winaSe.$7. sabWos wevrni, agreTve maTi kandidatebi aRirCevian saeklesio krebis miersami wlis vadiT da SeuZlianT xel-axla arCeul iqmnan. sabWos TavmjdomareobskaTolikoz-patriarqi, xolo roca is avad aris an sxvagan sadmea uxucesi sam-Rvdelo piri.SeniSvna: periodul krebas aqvs sabWos arCeuli wevri ganaTavisuflos samsaxuriTgan vadisgaTavebamdec.$8. sabWos sxdoma kanonieria, Tu mas daeswreba Tavmjdomare da tfilisSi myofwevrTa naxevari.SeniSvna: mmarTvelni mRvdelmTavarni sabWos sxdomebze gamoiwvevian saWiroebisdagvarad.$9. sabWoSi sakiTxi ubralo xmis umetesobiT swydeba, xolo roca xmebi Tanabradiyofa, maSin is azri upiratesobs, romelsac Tavmjdomare emxroba.$10. sabWos wevrT ar aqvT ufleba Tavi Seikavon xmis micemisagan.$11. Tu romelime wevri moisurvebs kerZo azris Setanas, movalea gamosTqvasigi TviT sxdomazed, da ara ugvianes sami dRisa warudginos werilobiT sxdomisTavmjdomares, JurnalSi Sesatanad, anu dasarTvelad.SeniSvna: kerZo azri ver SeaCerebs miRebuli ganCinebis sisruleSi moyvanas.$12. saqmeebis ganxilvis rigs awesebs Tavmjdomare.$13. sakiTxis aRZvris ufleba aqvs sabWos yvela wevrs, am uflebis gansaxorcielebladsaWiroa werilobiTi gancxadebis Setana kaTolikoz-patriarqis saSualebiT,romelic movalea aRniSnuli gancxadeba gadasces gansaxilvelad sabWosumaxlobels krebas.$14. kaTolikoz-patriarqs ar aqvs ufleba, moxsnas Tavis gankargulebiT sakiTxirigisagan, xeli SeuSalos ganCinebis gamotanas dasmul sakiTxze, an SeaCerosganCinebis sisruleSi moyvana.$15. kaTolikoz-patriarqi, Tu dainaxavs, rom sabWos mier gamotanili gan-Cineba mavnebeli da sazianoa sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi mxriT eklesiis keTildReobisaTvis,- SeuZlia ganacxados protesti da samis dRis ganmavlobaSi SeitanossabWoSi werilobiTi winadadeba sakiTxis gadasinjvisaTvis. es winadadeba sabWomunda ganixilos ara ugvianes Svidi dRisa (sxdomas unda daeswros tfilisSi myofwevrTa ori mesamedi mainc) da Tu am sxdomaze gamotanili ganCinebac ver gaiziarakaTolikozma, ukanasknels SeuZlia an SeaCeros saqmis warmoeba, an gadasces igigansaxilvelad umaxlobeles periodul krebas, an sisruleSi moiyvanos Tavisiwinadadeba perioduli krebis winaSe piradis pasuxismgeblobiT.SeniSvna: am gvari protestis ufleba aqvs mxolod kaTolikoz-patriarqs.


272 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$16. roca sabWoSi irCeva saCivari Tavmjdomaris anu sabWos wevris ukanonomoqmedebaTa gamo, dainteresebul pirs neba aqvs darCes darbazSi saqmis moxsenebisdros da miawodos sabWos saWiro ganmarteba, magram, roca sabWo Seudgeba ganCinebisgamotanas, ueWvelad unda dastovos darbazi.SeniSvna: roca saCivari exeba Tavmjdomaris (kaTolikozis) ukanono moqmedebas, sabWosTavmjdomareobs uxucesi damswre mRvdelTmTavarTagan.$17. sabWos ganCinebas xels awers yvelazed uwin Tavmjdomare da mas ukan yvelaim sxdomaze damswre wevri, miuxedavad imisa, Tanaxma iyo igi gamotanili ganCinebisa,Tu ara.$18. sabWos wevrTa Soris saqmeTa ganawileba da maTi warmoebis wesi xdebasabWosve ganCinebiT. Tu romelime wevri ar asrulebs Tavis movaleobas da xelsuSlis saqmis normalurad warmoebas, sakaTolikozo sabWos eZleva ufleba misigadayenebisa da mis adgilzed kandidatis mowvevisa. amis Sesaxeb sakaTolikozosabWo valdebulia, moaxsenos morig saeklesio krebas, msjavris dasadebad.$19. sakaTalikozo sabWos samsaxuris mxriT eqvemdebarebian rogorc mRvdelmTavarnida sasuliero pirni, agreTve saeklesio dawesebulebani da maTSi mosamsaxureni,xolo sarwmunoebisa da saeklesio disciplinis mxriT yoveli wevri saqarTveloseklesiisa. sabWos dadgenilebani savaldebuloa yvela saeklesio dawesebulebaTada eklesiis wevrTaTvis; imaTi Secvla SeuZlia mxolod sabWos da periodulkrebas. sakaTolikozo sabWo Tavisi funqciebis aRsrulebis dros xelmZRvanelobssaRmrTo weriliT, msoflio da adgilobrivi (maT Soris saqarTvelos eklesiis)krebaTa dadgenilebiT da saxelmwifoSi moqmed kanonmdeblobiT. sakaTolikozosabWos aqvs damxmare organoebi, kancelaria da sxva.$20. sakaTolikozo sabWos anu mudmiv krebas eqvemdebareba Semdegi saqmeebi: a) zrunvasaeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa da qarTuli RvTismetyvelebis ayvavebisa da SeuryvneladdacvisaTvis; b) zrunva samwysoTa sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi warmatebisaTvis;g) saWiroebaTa mixedviT arsebul kanonTa farglebSi gankargulebis gamocemada droebiT, morig saeklesio krebamde, cxovrebaSi misi gatareba; d) Tvalyurisdevneba mis qveviT mdgom pirTa da dawesebulebaTa moqmedebisa; e) zrunva monaster-Ta, taZarTa, saqvelmoqmedo da saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTa keTilmowyobisaTvis;v) ganxilva da saTanado dawesebulebaTa winaSe Suamdgomlobis aRZvramonasterTa, eklesiaTa, saqvelmoqmedo da samoswavlo-saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTadaarsebis Sesaxeb; z) saTanado saxelmwifo dawesebulebaTa da TanamdebobispirTa winaSe saeklesio saqmeTa gamo Suamdgomlobis aRZvra; H) zrunva sam-Rvdeloebis qonebrivad uzrunvelyofisaTvis; T) zrunva samsaxuriTgan gasul sam-Rvdelo pirTa, saeklesio dawesebulebaTa moxeleTa da samRvdelobis qvriv-obolTaTvis;i) zrunva saRmrTo da saeklesio-saRvTismsaxuro wignTa Sedgenisa,


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli273Sesworebisa da gamocemisaTvis; ia) mRvdelmTavarTa, Tanaxmad maTis moTxovnisa,samsaxuriTgan ganTavisufleba; ib) reviziis daniSvna sxvadasxva saWiroebaTa daSemTxvevaTa gamo; ig) eparqiebisa da saeklesio dawesebulebaTa xarjTaRricxvisganxilva-damtkiceba; id) saeparqio dawesebulebaTa wliuri angariSebis ganxilvada mTeli sakaTolikozoQs wliuri angariSis Sedgena perioduli krebisaTvis warsadgenad;ie) saeklesio uZrav qonebaTa SeZena-ganTvisebis damtkiceba; iv) saboloodgarCeva apelaciis da kasaciis wesiT saeparqio sasamarTloTagan SemosulsaqmeTa; iz) nebarTva sakaTolikozos eklesiebSi nebayoflobiTi Sewirulebis saqvelmoqmedomizniT Sekrebisa; iH) sxva avtokefalur eklesiebTan urTierTobis daWera;iT) winaswari muSaoba periodul krebis mowvevisaTvis da agreTve am krebaze gansaxilvelsakiTxTa damuSaveba da masalebis Sekreba; k) xelmZRvaneloba kaTolikozisarCevnebisa; ka) micema droebiTis Tavisuflebisa, erT Tveze metis vadiT,episkopozebisa, sakaTalikozo sabWos wevrebis da sabWoQs damxmare organoTagamgeTaTvis; kb) zrunva galobis aRdgena-gamSvenebisaTvis; kg) zrunva saarqeologionaSTTa dacvisaTvis; kd) zrunva uepiskoposod darCenil eparqiaTaTvis;ke) danaSaulobani, romelTaTvis saeklesio kanoniT daniSnulia eklesiis wevrTagangamoricxva da mRvdlis xarisxiTgan gankveTa; kv) saeparqio sasamarTloswevrTa da mRvdelmTavarTa danaSaulobani samsaxurSi.$21. kaTolikozi. saWeTmpyroblad (mTavar-winamZRvrad) eklesiisa iTvlebamTavarepiskopozi mcxeTisa da tfilisisa da sruliad saqarTveloQs kaTolikoz-patriarqi,romelsac irCevs saqarTvelos eklesiis perioduli kreba,faruli xmis micemiT.SeniSvna: sakaTolikozo kandidatisaTvis berobis miReba savaldebulo ar aris. fizikurisada zneobrivis mxriT, igi unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonTa moTxovnilebas da undahqondes miRebuli umaRlesi sazogado ganaTleba da Sesaferi saRvTismetyvelo momzadeba.$22. kaTolikoz-patriarqis kompetencia aseTia: a) is Tavmjdomareobs sruliadsaqarTvelos saeklesio periodul da mudmiv krebas; b) mwyemsmTavrulad mimoixilavssakaTolikozos eparqiebs da xelmZRvanelobas uwevs episkopozebs saeparqiomarTva-gamgeobaSi; g) mis saxels ixsenieben wirva-locvis dros sakaTolikozosmRvdelmTavarni da samRvdeloeba; d) igi aZlevs droebiTs Tavisuflebas episkopozebs,sakaTalikozo sabWos wevrebs da sabWos damxmare organoTa gamgeebs araumetes erTi Tvisa weliwadSi, xolo saeparqio marTva-gamgeobis meTaurebs organoTada sasamarTlos wevrebs ori Tvidan da mets; e) agreTve aZlevs daTxovnissigelebs im episkopozebs, romelnic droebiT eparqiiTgan sxvagan sadmemidian; v) iRebs saCivars episkopozTa, sakaTolikozo sabWos wevrTa, saeparqiokrebaTa da saeparqio dawesebulebaTa (sasamarTlos) Sesaxeb da aZlevs am saCivrebskanonier msvlelobas; z) saWiro SemTxvevaSi, sabWos mindobilobiT, is aZlevs


274 mitropoliti anania jafariZerCevas da mwyemsmTavrul SeniSvnas episkopozebsa da saeparqio sasamarTloQs Tavmjdomareebsada wevrebs; H) sabWosave mindobilobiT imas miwer-mowera aqvs sxvaavtokefalur eklesiebTan da saxelmwifos umaRles dawesebulebebTan; i) moiwvevssaeklesio periodul krebas.saeparqio marTva-gamgeoba $23. episkopozi. saeparqio mmarTvelobaSi saeklesiokrebis funqciebis ganmasaxierebeli aris misi wevri, - adgilobrivimRvdelmTavari, romelsac marTva-gamgeobaSi daxmarebas uwevs saeparqio kreba.$24. saepiskopozo kandidati aRirCevis saeparqio krebis mier. saepiskopozokandidats unda hqondes miRebuli umaRlesi ganaTleba da Sesaferisi saRvTismetyvelomomzadeba, xolo ukidures SemTxvevaSi ara umcires saSualo saRvTismetyveloganaTlebisa; fizikurad da zneobrivad unda akmayofilebdes saeklesiokanonTa moTxovnilebas.SeniSvna 1. saepiskopozo kandidatisaTvis berad Sedgoma savaldebulo ar aris.SeniSvna 2. saepiskopozo kandidatis arCeva xdeba Semdegi wesiT: kandidatis dasaxelebaSeuZlia daqvrivebuli eparqiis yovelsave wevrs. eparqiis daqvrivebisagan sami Tvis gadasvlamdis,dasaxelebul kandidatTa sias eparqiis droebiTi mmarTveli mRvdelTmTavari warudgenssaTanado cnobebis TandarTviT kaTolikoz-patriarqs. kandidatTa sias ixilavs mmarTvelepiskopozTa krebuli (sami unda ueWvelad daeswros piradad, xolo danarCenTagan gamoiTxovebissaTanado gramata). episkopozTa krebulisagan ganxiluli sia waregzavneba eparqiisdroebiT mmarTvel episkopozs krebisaTvis gadasacemad. yvela kandidats kenWi eyreba calcalke.arCeulad iTvleba is, vinc yvelaze mets kenWs miiRebs, magram ara umcires delegatTanaxevrisa, arCeul kandidats amtkicebs sakaTolikozo sabWo.SeniSvna 3. Tu saeparqio krebam saepiskozo kandidati ar airCia, maSin mRvdelTmTavariiniSneba sakaTolikozo sabWos mier.$25. episkopozis kompetencias ekuTvnis: a) sruli ufleba mTels eparqiaSi swavla-moZRvrebisa;b) ufleba yovelgvaris mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebisa; g) zrunva,raTa mis eparqiaSi morwmuneni saRs saeklesio swavlebas icavdnen da ganmtkicebuliyvnenkeTil zneobaSi; d) Tvalyuris devneba samonastro saeklesio qonebaTamarTva-gamgeobisa eparqiaSi; e) ganxilva saolqo krebebis ganCinebaTa; v) Tvalyurisdevneba yvela saeklesio dawesebulebaTa da saeklesio Tanamdebobis pirTamoqmedebisa eparqiaSi; z) sabolood ganxilva da gadaWra sakiTxisa axali olqebisgaxsnis an arsebul olqTa Semcirebisa, gind gayofisa da gadamijvnisa eparqiisfarglebSi; H) ufleba krebulis wevrTa adgilzed arCeul kandidatis damtkicebisa;T) sarwmunoebriv saqmeSi masze damokidebulni arian eparqiis yvela wevrebi;i) mis saxels aRavlens wirva-locvis dros mTeli eparqiis samRvdeloeba; ia) isaZlevs droebiTs Tavisuflebas, ara umetes oris Tvisa, saeparqio dawesebulebebSimosamsaxureT da krebulis wevrTa; ib) berobisa da sasuliero wodebiTgan gan-Tavisufleba.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli275episkopozi valdebulia: a) daemorCilos saeklesio kanonebsa da mTavar saeklesiommrTvelobis mier kanonierad gamocemul dadgenilebaTa, xolo roca amaTu im saeklesio kanonisa an dadgenilebis Sesaxeb gaugebroba rame daebadeba, gansamartebladmTavar saeklesio mTavrobas mihmarTos; b) cxoveli kavSiri iqoniossamwysosTan da am mizniT xSir-xSirad mimoixilos Tavisi eparqia; g) yvelaferSidaemorCilos periodul da mudmiv saeklesio krebas; d) mTavari saeklesio mTavrobisnebadaurTvelad ara moimoqmedos ra iseTi, rac mis uflebas aRemateba; e) wirvalocvisdros kaTolikozis saxels ixseniebdes; v) sxva eparqiaSi Tavisi nebiT aradaiwyos ra; z) pativiscemiT epyrobodes sxva mRvdelmTavrebs; H) saeparqio krebazegansaxilveli sakiTxebi winaswar gadaugzavnos saolqo krebis Tavmjdomares;T) gasces iseTi dokumentebi, romelnic morwmuneTa moqalaqeobriv mdgomareobasSeexebian; i) Seadginos wliuri angariSebi saeparqio krebisa da sakaTolikozosabWosaTvis warsadgenad.$26. saeparqio kreba. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars marTva-gamgeobaSi daxmarebasuwevs saeparqio kreba.$27. saeparqio kreba orgvaria, - Cveulebrivi weliwadSi erTxel, da araCveulebrivi,saWiroebisdagvarad.$28. saeparqio kreba Sesdgeba TviTeuli or-oris warmomadgenlisagan, romelTaganerTi ueWvelad samRvdelo piri unda iyves.SeniSvna 1. delegatad arCeva SeiZleba mxolod iseTi pirisa, romelic sam ukanasknelweliwadSi erTxel mainc ziarebula da romelsac sasamarTlos mier ar aqvs CamorTmeuli anuSezRuduli sazogado krebaze daswrebis ufleba. samRvdeloTagan delegatad airCeva iseTipiri, romelic weliwadSi orjer mainc ityvis aRsarebas Tavis moZRvarTan.SeniSvna 2. warmomadgenelad ar SeiZleba arCeva mRvdlis xarisxiTgan gandgomilisa, angankveTilisa.SeniSvna 3. warmomadgenels olqis krebis wevrni irCeven Tvis Soris.SeniSvna 4. krebis ueWvelni wevrni arian saeparqio sasamarTlos wevrni da TiTo warmomadgenelnieparqiis berTa da monazonTa.$29. krebas Tavmjdomareobs adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari. Tu is ar aris, krebaTviTon irCevs Tavmjdomares samRvdelo pirTa Soris. krebave irCevs prezidiumisdanarCen wevrebs da mdivnebs. kreba kanonieria, Tu masze gamocxadda ara umciresmowveulTa naxevrisa.$30. saeparqio krebis uflebas Seadgens a) saeparqio sasamarTlos wevrTa damaTi kandidatebis arCeva; b) Tval-yuris devneba saeparqio cxovrebisa da saeparqiodawesebulebaTa moqmedebisa; g) zrunva saeklesio, samoswavlo da saganmanaTleblodawesebulebaTa daarsebisa, gaumjobesebisa da nivTier saSualebaTa gamonaxvisaTviseparqiaSi; d) zrunva galobis gaumjobesebisaTvis da agreTve zrunva siZveleTadacvisaTvis.SeniSvna: saepiskoposo krebis ganCineba Sedis ZalaSi, Tu mas emxroba adgilobrivimRvdelmTavari, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, sakiTxi gadaecema sakaTolikozo sabWos.


276 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaolqo mmarTveloba $31. olqs saeparqio mTavrobis xelmZRvanelobiTganagebs olqis mTavaruxucesi, romelic aRirCevis olqis krebis mier samRvdelopirTagan samis wlis vadiT, damtkiceba ki damokidebulia saeparqio mTavrobaze.SeniSvna: mTavaruxucess hyavs TanaSemwe, Tu amas saWirod dainaxavs saolqo kreba. TanaSemweaRirCevis krebis mier imave wesiT, rogorc mTavaruxucesi.$32. mTavaruxucesi adgens: a) saolqos wliur angariSs, romelsac warudgenssaolqo krebasa da saeparqio mTavrobas b) winaswar daamuSavebs sakiTxebs, romelicsaolqo krebas unda waredginos gansaxilvelad; g) xelmZRvanelobas uwevssamrevlo krebebs krebulis wevrTa arCevnebSi; d) iZleva saWiro cnobebsolqis dawesebulebaTa da mosamsaxure pirTa Sesaxeb, roca amas umaRlesisaeklesio dawesebulebani moiTxoven; e) zrunavs moawesrigos krebulis wevr-Ta Soris amtydari uTanxmoebani saZmo Semosavlisa da sazogadod sameurneosaqmeebis gamo, agreTve amave xasiaTis uTanxmoebani krebulis wevrTa dasamrevlo sabWoebs Soris da sxva; v) aZlevs krebulis wevrTa Tavisuflebasara umetes oris kvirisa.$33. saeklesio olqSi Sedis aTidan ocda xuT samrevlomde, adgilobrivispirobebis mixedviT.$34. olqis kreba Sesdgeba olqis krebulTa yvela wevrisagan da TviTeulsamrevlo sabWos imodena warmomadgenelTagan, ramdenic wevria krebulSi.$35. saolqo kreba kanonieria, Tu maszed gamocxadda olqis samrevloTa umravlesobiswarmomadgenelni.$36. krebas Tavmjdomareobs olqis mTavaruxucesi, an misi TanaSemwe.$37. saolqo kreba aris Cveulebrivi, weliwadSi erTxel da araCveulebrivi _saWiroebisadagvarad.$38. saolqo krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis a) arCeva delegatebisa saeparqio daperiodul saeklesio krebisaTvis, da mTavaruxucesisa da misi TanaSemwisa; b) zrunvasamrevloebSi saeklesio cxovrebis mowesrigebisa da warmatebisaTvis; g) zrunvaqvriv-obol-gaWirvebulTaTvis, da sazogadod saqvelmoqmedo saqmis mowyoba olqSi;d) mTavaruxucesis angariSis ganxilva; e) Suamdgomlobis aRZvra da mosazrebaTawardgena Sesaxeb axlis samrevloebis daarsebisa, arsebul samrevloTa gayofisa daSemcirebisa; v) sasyidlis daniSvna mTavaruxucesisaTvis.SeniSvna: saolqo krebis ganCinebani waredgineba saeparqio mTavrobas, romelzedac damokidebuliamaTi damtkiceba.samrevlo $39. samrevlo aris erTis sarwmunoebriv-zneobriobis mizniT,urTierTis daxmarebis azriT, saeklesio meurneobiT, sakuTaris moZRvris xelmZRv-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli277anelobiT, saerTo taZris garSemo Semokrebili da episkopozze kanoniurad damokidebulimorwmuneTa sazogadoeba.SeniSvna: samrevlo iuridiul pirs warmoadgens.$40. samrevlos gaxsna ar SeiZleba, ukeTu morwmuneTa ricxvi imdenad mcirea,rom sakuTari taZrisa da krebulis Senaxva ar SeuZliaT. TviTeul samrevlosuWiravs gansazRvruli teritoria, romlis sazRvrebi SeiZleba Seicvalos sxvasamrevloebTan SeTanxmebiT da saTanado saeparqio mTavrobis nebarTviT.SeniSvna 1. qalaqebSi samrevloTaTvis teritoriuli principis dacva savaldebulo araris.SeniSvna 2. rodesac morwmunes erTi samrevlos teritoriidan meoresaSi uxdeba gadasvla(mag: qalaqebSi), mas SeuZlia, Tu moisurvebs, winandeli samrevlos wevrad darCes.$41. mrevlad iTvleba yoveli morwmune, romelic gansazRvruls samrevlosekuTvnis, Setanilia samrevlo davTarSi da monawileobas iRebs yvela xarjebSi,rasac samrevlo eweva.$42. yovel samrevlos aqvs Tavisi sakuTreba, rasac Seadgenen sxvadasxva saxelwodebisada daniSnulebis Tanxebi da maTi Semosavali, sanTlis mogeba, taZarSi, samrevloSian sxvagan Segrovili Semowiruloba, sasaflaos Semosavali, samrevlo da sakrebuloadgilmamuli da misi Semosavali, yovelgvari saganmanaTleblo da saqvelmoqmedoxasiaTis Semowiruloba, sakrebulo saxlebi, taZari da misi samkauli, sasaflao dasxva. am sakuTrebas samrevlo ganagebs Sesafer organoTa saSualebiT.SeniSvna 1. samrevlos Semosavali unda moxmardes mxolod saeklesio-sarwmunoebriv saWiroebas,adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavris nebarTviT.SeniSvna 2. taZari aris morwmuneTa samlocvelo Senoba, samrevlo, saeklesio, saxelmwifoanu kerZo qvelmoqmedTa xarjiT agebuli. erTsa da imave samrevloSi SeiZleba iyoszedmiwerili taZari, romelSiac, Tu saWiroeba moiTxovs da mosaxerxebelic iqmneba, sruldebayovelgvari RvTismsaxureba.SeniSvna 3. micvalebulTa dasamarxad samrevlos miCenili aqvs sagangebo adgili - sasaflao.samrevlos SeuZlia saflavebisaTvis gansazRvruli fasi daawesos, mxolod Raribebiufasod unda imarxeboden.SeniSvna 4. qalaqebis sazogado sasaflaoebis marTva-gamgeoba eqvemdebareba saeparqiomTavrobas, romelsac ekuTvnis sasaflaoebis gasyidvisagan Semosuli fulis gamgeblobac.$43. rodesac samrevlo sabolood ixureba, misi qoneba gadadis saqarTveloseklesiis kuTvnilebad; Tu is sxva samrevlos miewera, imisi qoneba ukanaskneliskuTvnilebad iqceva; xolo rodesac samrevlos romelime nawili damoukidebelsamrevlod gamoiyofa, imas saerTo qonebidan miecema dakmayofileba ZiriTadissamrevlos gadawyvetilebisamebr.$44. samrevlos ganagebs saeparqio mTavrobis xelmZRvanelobis qveSe eklesiiswinamZRvari, samrevlo krebis da samrevlo sabWos daxmarebiT.$45. samrevlo krebas Seadgens yevla marTlmadidebeli qali da kaci (araumcires 20-is wlisa), romelnic am samrevlos sabuTebSi arian Cawerilni rogorcwevrni samrevloQsa.


278 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$46. ufleba samrevlo krebaSi monawileobis miRebisa gadamwyvetis xmiT aqvTa) krebulis wevrT da b) yvela srulwlovan marTlmadidebel qalsa da kacs (araumcires ocis wlisa), romelnic am samrevlos sabuTebSi arian Cawerilni, rogorcwevrni samrevloQsa, gamonaklisi aRniSnulia qvemore muxlSi.$47. samrevlo krebaze monawileobis miRebis ufleba ar aqvT im pirT a) romelnicdaarRveven wesierebas taZarSi, agreTve samrevlo krebaze, b) romelTac ar SemoaqvTsamrevlo gadasaxadebi (Tu isini samrevlo krebis mier ganTavisuflebulniar arian, rogorc Raribebi, gadasaxadisagan), g) romelnic sams ukanasknel weliwadSiarc erTxel ar ziarebulan, d) romelnic javrdauwerelad scxovrobenmeuRleebTan da e) romelTac samis wlisaze metis xnis Svili hyavT mounaTlavi.$48 kreba aris Cveulebrivi _ weliwadSi orjel da araCveulebrivi _ saWiroebisamebr.samrevlo krebas iwvevs da Tavmjdomareobs eklesiis winamZRvari. krebaunda mowveul iqnas im SemTxvevaSic, roca amas moiTxovs ara umcires samrevloQs20-is srulwlovanis wevrisa; kreba kanonieria, ukeTu masze samrevlos mekomurTawarmomadgenelTa 2/3 mainc gamocxaddeba, xolo Tu kreba pirvel mowvevaze arSesdga, meored igi kanonieria, ramdeni wevric unda gamocxaddes.SeniSvna: sxdomis mdivans kreba TviTon irCevs.$49. samrevlo krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis: a) arCeva krebulisa da samrevlosabWos wevrebisa da maTi kandidatebisa, agreTve samrevlos molarisa (uwindeli“mnaTisa”); b) eklesiisa da krebulis SenaxvisaTvis zrunva; g) samarTalSi micemasamrevlo sabWoQs wevrebisa samsaxuris aRsrulebis dros uflebis aRmatebisa daborotmoqmedebisaTvis; d) aRZvra saqmisa saeparqio sasamarTloebis winaSe krebuliswevrTa Sesaxeb maTi uTanado moqmedebisa da cudi yofaqcevisaTvis; e) zrunvaeklesiis ganSvenebisa da keTilmowyobisaTvis; v) zrunva samrevlos sarwmunoebrivzneobrivisrulyofisa da mis saganmanaTleblo-saqvelmoqmedo dawesebulebaTaTvis;z) zrunva sakrebulo saxlisa da sasaflaosaTvis; H) daniSvna sarevizio komisiiswevrebisa samrevlo sabWos moqmedebisa da angariSis gansaxilvelad; T) arsebulsamrevlos gayofis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis aRZvra; i) Suamdgomlobis aRZvra uZravmoZraviqonebis SeZenisa da ganTvisebis Sesaxeb; ia) aReba iseTis sesxisa, romelnicsamrevlos Tviur Semosavals aRemateba; ib) Suamdgomlobis aRZvra taZris kapitaluradgadakeTebis Sesaxeb, roca trapezis aSlaa saWiro.$50. samrevlo krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris samrevlo sabWo, romelicSesdgeba krebulis yvela wevrTa da ara umcires eqvsisa da ara umetes Tormetiswevrisa, romelTac irCevs samrevlo kreba sami wlis vadiT. samrevlo sabWosTavmjdomareobs eklesiis winamZRvari, xolo roca igi ar aris, maSin sabWoTviTon irCevs Tavmjdomares Tvis Soris. sabWos sxdomebi imarTeba TveSi erTxel,


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli279xolo, Tu saWiroeba moiTxovs, ufro xSiradac. saqmeebi swydeba ubralo xmisumetesobiT, xolo, roca xmebi Tanabrad iyofa, maSin is azri upiratesobs, romelsacTavmjdomare emxroba.SeniSvna 1. Tu samrevlo krebisa da sabWos ganCineba eklesiis winamZRvars miaCnia saqmissazianod, mas SeuZlia ganCinebis sisruleSi moyvanis SeCereba da misi adgilobriv mRvdelmTavarTangansaCivreba, - amis Sesaxeb Tavis azri winamZRvarma unda gamosTqvas krebazedve.SeniSvna 2. sabWos wevrad irCeva rogorc mamakaci, ise dedakaci.SeniSvna 3. sabWos wevrad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnas samRvdelo xarisxiTgan gandgomili,an gankveTili.$51. samrevlo sabWos kompetencia aris: a) eklesiis uZrav-moZravi qonebismarTva-gamgeoba; b) yovelgvari statistikuri cnobis Sekreba, rasac ki samrevlosmarTva-gamgeobisaTvis aqvs raime mniSvneloba; g) akrefa saeklesio gadasaxadisamrevlSi da misi daniSnulebisamebr moxmareba; d) zrunva eklesiisa da krebulisSesanax saSualebaTa gasaZliereblad; e) zrunva taZrisa da RvTismsaxurebis keTilmowyobisaTvis;v) zrunva qvriv-obolTa da gaWirvebulTaTvis qvelmoqmedebiswesiT; z) aRZvra saqmisa im pirTa winaaRmdeg, romelnic eklesiasa da morwmuneTasarwmunoebrivs grZnobas Selaxaven; H) winaswari damuSaveba im sakiTxebisa, romelickrebam unda ganixilos; T) gamgeoba samrevlo sasaflaosi; i) samrevlo qonebisada Tanxebis yovelTviuri Semowmeba; ia) Tavisi moqmedebis wliuri angariSis SedgenamTavarxucesisa da samrevlo krebisaTvis warsadgenad.SeniSvna 1. samrevlo sabWos aucilebeli wevria samrevlos molare, romelic awarmoebswmida sanTlis operacias, iRebs samrevlo Tanxebs da inaxavs sakredito dawesebulebebSi,awarmoebs Semosaval-gasavlis wignsa da adgens samrevlois Semosaval-gasavlis wliur angariSs.molares irCevs samrevlo kreba sami wlis vadiT.SeniSvna 2. samrevlos molared unda arCeul iqmnas ueWvelad mamakaci da masTanve werakiTxvismcodne.$52. krebuli. krebulis aucilebel wevrad iTvlebian: mRvdeli da wignismkiTxveli,xolo, sadac SeiZleba, iq samrevlos diakonica (mTavari) hyavs.SeniSvna 1. diakoni da wignis-mkiTxveli arian mxolod Tanamsaxurni mRvdlisa da uimisodaraviTari mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesruleba ar SeuZlianT samrevloSi.SeniSvna 2. erTsa da imave samrevloSi ori mRvdlis yofna sasurveli ar aris; magram, Tuamas moiTxovs samrevlos sidide da aucilebeli saWiroeba, samrevlos SeuZlia Tavis winamZRvarsTanaSemwed meore mRvdeli misces.$53. arCevnebi krebulis wevrTa xdeba Semdegi wesiT: a) roca romelsame samrevloSiganTavisufldeba krebulis wevris adgili, pirni, romelTac surT daiWirones adgili, erTis Tvis ganmavlobaSi mis ganTavisuflebiTgan, wargzavnian Txovnebssaeparqio mTavrobasTan yvela saWiro mowmobaTa darTviT; b) saeparqio mTavrobahkrebs cnobebs yvela im pirTa Sesaxeb, romelTac Seitanes Txovna da aqvs msjelobawarmodgenil kandidatebze; g) mRvdelmTavris mier Rirseul kandidatebad cnobilpirTa sia, yvela cnobebis darTviT TviTeul kandidatze, waregzavneba samrevlo


280 mitropoliti anania jafariZesabWos kenWis sayrelad samrevlo krebaze; d) samrevlo kreba moiwveva ara ugvianesoris kvirisa kandidatTa siis miRebiTgan. dro samrevlo krebis daniSvnisa ecnobebasaolqos mTavaruxucess, romelic an piradad eswreba krebas, an wargzavnisTavis warmomadgenels; e) arCevnebi xdeba farulis xmis micemiT; g) TviTeulkandidats kenWi eyreba cal-calke; z) arCevnebis dasrulebisas sdgeba aqti, SesaferidamowmebiT; H) eparqiis mRvdelmTavari amtkicebs im kandidats, romelmacmiiRo xmebis umetesoba, magram ara umcires damswreTa naxevrisa.SeniSvna: im piris saxeli, romelic ikadrebs samrevloSi agitaciis gawevas, moxsniliiqmneba kandidatTa siiTgan.$54. samrevlo, romelic ori Tvis ganmavlobaSi dRiTgan kandidatTa siismiRebisa ar airCevs krebulis Tavisufal adgilze kandidats, hkargavs saarCevnouflebas, da im adgilze krebulis wevri dainiSneba saeparqio mTavrobis mier.$55. Tu samrevlos surs, rom gaxsnil vakansiaze krebulis wevri daniSnossaeparqio sabWos mTavrobam, amis Taobaze samrevlos dadgenileba ecnobeba eparqiismRvdelTmTavars erTis Tvis ganmavlobaSi dRiTgan vakansiis gaxsnisa.SeniSvna: Tu samrevlo aravin iTxova, krebulis wevri iniSneba eparqiis mRvdelTmTavris mier.$56. mRvdeli. mRvdeli valdebulia: a) mudam Tavis mrevlSi scxovrobdes dasamrevlo ar dastovos, gansakuTrebiT roca iq raime moaruli seni gaCndeba daroca samrevlos gansacdeli ram moelis; b) gansakuTrebul Tvalyurs adevnebdessakuTars yofaqcevas, rogorc sazogadoebaSi, ise Tavis saxlSi; g) aasrulossazogadoebrivi RvTismsaxureba dawesebul dros; d) mrevlis moTxovnilebisamebraasrulos saWiro mRvdelmoqmedeba; e) Tvalyuri adevnos taZrisa da saRvTismsaxurosagnebis sisufTavesa da keTilSvenierebas; v) Tvalyuri adevnos mrevlSisaeklesio disciplinisa da zneobis dacvas; z) roca samsaxuris dros ama Tu imsakiTxis Sesaxeb eWvi daebadeba, movalea axsna-ganmartebisaTvis mTavarxucess dasaeparqio mTavrobas mihmarTos; H) mis upirveles movaleobas Seadgens eklesiaSiqadageba da sazogadod swavla-moZRvreba; T) mRvdeli movalea RvTismsaxurebisdros kaTolikozisa da Tavisi episkopozis saxeli moixsenios; i) agreTve movaleakrebulis sxva wevrTa saSualebiT saeklesio sabuTebi awarmoos; ia) TavissamrevloSi mRvdels ufleba aqvs sxa mRvdels romlisame mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebisneba ar misces.$57. samRvdelo da sadiakvno kandidati unda iyos kanoniurad srulwlovani,xolo wignismkiTxvelad SeiZleba ufro axalgazrdac airCes. fizikurad samRvdeloda sadiakvno kandidati unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonebis moTxovnilebas.samRvdelo kandidats unda hqondes miRebuli saSualo sazogado ganaTlebada yovel SemTxvevaSi ara umcires sruli progimnaziuli ganaTlebisa.amave moTxovnilebas unda akmayofilebden, SeZlebisdagvarad, sadiakvno kandi-


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli281datebi da wignismkiTxvelnic, romelTac unda icodnen RvTismsaxurebis wesebi dasaeklesio sabuTebis warmoeba, rac windawinve (arCevamde) unda iyos Semowmebuliromelsame saeparqio mTavrobisagan.SeniSvna: wignismkviTxvelad SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes mxolod mamakaci.saeklesio samarTali $58. saqarTvelos eklesiis samarTals eqvemdebarebaama eklesiis yvela wevri iseT saqmeebSi saeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa, zneobrivcxovrebisa, saeklesio wyobilebisa da saeklesio samsaxuris winaaRmdeg, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia gansazRvruli sasjeli anu zomebi zRvevisada gasworebisa.$59. saeklesio samarTali eparqiaSi gancalkevebulia saeklesio marTva-gamgeobisaganda Sesdgeba saeparqio sasamarTlosagan.$60. gansakuTrebuli instituti saqmis gamomZieblisa ar arsebobs, aramedsasamarTlo TviTon irCevs gamomZiebels TviTeul SemTxvevaSi. ar arsebobs arcbralmdeblis Tanamdeboba, aramed sasamarTlos erT-erT wevrs miendoba sabraldebooqmis Sedgena da moxseneba; es wevri Semdeg monawileobas aRar iRebsganaCenis gamotanaSi.SeniSvna 1. braldebuls neba aqvs sasamarTloSi damcveli (veqili) daixmaros, magram TviTsasamarTlosTan damcvelis instituti ar arsebobs.SeniSvna 2. mxareebi gamoiwvevian sagangebo uwyebebiT, romlebic egzavneba maT adgilobriv(sadac scxovroben) da unda Cabardes ara ugvianes erTis kvirisa sxdomisaTvis daniSnuldReze. uwyebaSi naCvenebi unda iyves sasamarTlos misamarTic.$61. saeklesio sasamarTlo daxuruli ar aris, saqmis garCevas gareSeniceswrebian. ganCinebas sasamarTlos wevrebi daadgenen Tavisi Sinaganis darwmunebisTanaxmad, mxolod mas Semdeg, roca Semowmebul iqmneba sasamarTloSi warmodgenilisabuTebi.$62. yoveli saqme arsebiTad gadawydeba ors instanciaSi da mesame instanciaiqneba sakasacio. perioduli saeklesio krebis ganCinebani ki sabolovoa, Tundaciq saqme pirvelis instanciiT wydebodes.saeparqio sasamarTlo $63. saeparqio sasamarTlo Sesdgeba xuTi wevrisagan,romelTac irCevs saeparqio kreba sami wlis vadiT.SeniSvna 1. Tavmjdomare ueWvelad samRvdelo piri unda iyves; danarCen wevrTa da kandidatTanaxevari samRvdelo pirni unda iyvnen. Tavmjdomare aRirCevis sasamarTlos wevrTamier Tvis Soris.SeniSvna 2. sasamarTlos wevrebad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnen mRvdlis xarisxiTgan gandgomilni,an gankveTilni da arc iseTi pirni, romelTac sasamarTlos mier SezRuduli an CamorTmeuliaqvs sazogado krebaze daswrebis ufleba, an ar ziarebulan ukanaskneli samis wlisganmavlobaSi erTxel mainc.SeniSvna 3. sasamarTlodan gasuli wevri SeiZleba xelmeored arCeul iqmnes. - sasamarTloswevrebTan erTad saeparqio kreba irCevs maT kandidatebsac.


282 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$64. saeparqio sasamarTlos eqvemdebarebian: a) danaSaulobani, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia umZimesi zomebi: mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebis akrZalva,samsaxuridan gadayeneba; b) ganqorwinebis saqme.$65. sasamarTlos ganCineba waredgineba eparqiis mRvdelmTavars, romelzedacdamokidebulia misi damtkiceba.SeniSvna: saeparqio sasamarTlos ganCinebiT ukmayofiloT SeuZliaT ganasaCivron saqmesakaTalikozo sabWoSi.uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali $66. mudmiv krebas, anu sakaTolikozo sabWosSeuZlia zogierTi saqme, saboloo msjavris dasadastureblad, gamonaklisissaxed, warudginos periodul saeklesio krebas.$67. kaTolikoz-patriarqis gasamarTleba Sedis periodul saeklesio krebiskompetenciaSi.$68. sakaTolikozo sabWos ganCinebiT ukmayofilos SeuZlia gadaitanos kasaciiswesiT saqme periodul saeklesio krebaSi.SeniSvna: ganqorwinebis saqmeebs sabolood swyvets mudmivi kreba - sakaTolikozo sabWo.gadmobeWdilia wignidan _ “saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeoba”, 1920.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli283saqarTvelos IV saeklesio kreba (21-27.06.1927)patriarq wmida ambrosi xelaias gardacvalebisSemdeg komunisturi xelisuflebismimarT loialurad ganwyobilsamRvdeloebas saSualeba mieca ganexorcielebinamkveTri Semobruneba saxelmwifosTandamokidebulebaSi. mitropolitmaqristefore cicqiSvilma, `revoluciurad~ganwyobili frTis lidermaeklesias Seucvala komunistur saxelmwifosTandamokidebulebis kursi. jerkidev ruseTis pirveli revoluciiswlebSi mRvdeli qristefore cicqiSvilimoiTxovda eklesiaSi `reformis gatarebasda mis daaxloebas cxovrebasTan~.magaliTad, 1905-06 wlebSi igi moiTxovdaufleba miscemodaT mRvdlebs eklesiisgareT etarebinaT saero tanisamosi,miscemodaT qvriv mRvdlebs colisSerTvis neba da ar yofiliyo savaldebulokurTxevamde colis SerTva1 da sxv.eklesiam ar miiRo aseTi reforma.1927 wels, rogorc adre, saqarTvelossapatriarqo Sedgeboda 15 eparqiisagan:eparqiebs marTavda 9 mRvdelmTavari,xolo Tavisufali iyo 6, maT SoriskaTolikos-patriarqi qristefore iyoimavdroulad droebiTi mmarTveli ba-Tom-Semoqmedisa, quTaTel-genaTeli mitropolitidaviTi _ Wyondidis eparqiis,ninowmideli episkoposi efremi droebiTmarTavda cxum-afxazeTis eparqias. maTgarda eparqiebs marTavdnen: manglelimitropoliti _ kalistrate, urbneliepiskoposi _ simeoni, wilkneli episkoposi_ pavle jafariZe, alaverdeliepiskoposi _ melqisedeki, bodbeliepiskoposi _ stefane, margveli episko-posi _ varlami. yvelam amaT xeli moaweresIV saeklesio krebis mier 24 ivnissmiRebul dadgenilebas - `saqarTvelosmarTlmadideblur eklesiaSi axalistilis kalendris SemoRebis Sesaxeb~,romelSic kerZod naTqvamia - `vacxadebsamRvdeloebisa da morwmune eris sayuradRebod:axali stilis kalendari SemoRebuliqnas saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeleklesiaSi ama 1927 wlis noembris 27-dan (Zveli stilis 14-dan). yvela uZravidResaswaulebi da wmidaTa xseneba gadaxdiliqnas axali stilis kalendriT,anu swored im ricxvebSi, rogorcuCveneben saeklesio wignebi~. aRdgomisada masze damokidebuli moZravi dReebisxsenebani unda darCeniliyo iseve, rogorciqamde dResaswaulobda marTlmadidebelieklesia. kreba avalebda yvela saeklesiopirs SeesrulebinaT es gankarguleba.IV krebis es dadgenilebagamocemulia 1927 wlis 12 oqtombers.aRniSnul dadgenilebas krebam safuZvladdaudo konstantinopolis patriarqisbasilisa da misi wmida sinodis1927 wlis 17 Tebervlis epistole, romliTacmsoflio sapatriarqo acxadebdamsoflio marTlmadidebeli eklesiis gadasvlasaxal stilze. 1923 wels konstantinopolSisinodikonis darbazSimowveul `yvela marTlmadidebeli eklesiis~krebis ZaliT, romlis mierac `1924wels SemoRebul iqna Sesworebuli kalendariyovel-mxriv kanonikurad~. `arasodes,arc erT krebas, msoflios Tuadgilobrivs, ar miuCnevia kalendaridogmatur da ZiriTad saeklesio kanon-


284 mitropoliti anania jafariZeikur dadgenilebaTa xasiaTisa~. rogorccnobilia, mTelma eklesiam da saerTodxalxma ar miiRo eklesiaSi axali stiliskalendari.1928 wlis saeklesio kalendarSi arisganmarteba, Tu ra iyo kalendaruli cvlilebismizezebi - paragrafSi - `Zvelisada axali stilis Sesaxeb~. miuxedavadamisa, rogorc iTqva, morwmunemrevlma da mTelma eklesiam ar miiRoaseTi kalendari.IV saeklesio kreba muSaobas Seudga1927 wlis 21 ivniss. sxdomebi sionSitardeboda da dasrulda 27 ivniss. krebamganixila saqarTvelos eklesiis mar-Tva-gamgeobis debuleba, miiRo deklaraciasabWoTa xelisuflebisadmi. krebammoiTxova eklesias gamoenaxa `masTan saer-To ena, raTa Tavidan iqnes acilebuliyovelgvari gaugebroba~. amasTanave, krebamsaWirod miiCnia gamoZebniliyo saSualebebi1923 wlis 18 ianvris mTavrobisdadgenilebis (`eklesiis saxelmwifodangamoyofies~ Sesaxeb) cxovrebaSi gasatareblad.krebam airCia axali kaTalikoz-patriarqiuwmidesi da unetaresiqristefore III (cicqiSvili). krebamuaryofiTad Seafasa sakaTalikozo sab-Wos muSaoba. miiCnia, rom misi roliganuzomlad iyo gazrdili, kerZod kimmarTvel mRvdelmTavarTa ukiTxavadwyvetda umTavres saeklesio sakiTxebs,daigmo misi antisabWoTa politika. Sesabamisadaxalma debulebam asaxa krebissuliskveTeba, sakaTalikozo sabWogauqmda da mis nacvlad SemoRebul iqna`sakaTalikozo sinodi~, yvela mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris da eqvsi sxva piriswevrobiT. krebam daamtkica eklesiis mar-Tva-gamgeobis axali debuleba.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli285debulebasaqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvisdebulebaese miRebulia da damtkicebuli sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio IV krebis mier1927 wlis, ivnisis 21-27$1. marTva-gamgeobis mxriv saqarTvelos eklesia ganiyofeba eparqiebad, eparqiebi- olqebad, xolo olqebi - samrevloebad.$2. saqarTvelos eklesiaSi Semdegi eparqiebia:a) mcxeTa-tfilisisa, romlis mwyemsTmTavari aris mTavarepiskopozi mcxeTisada tfilisisa da sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikoz-patriarqi. samwyso: saqarTveloseklesiis wm. deda qalaqi mcxeTa, tfilisi da gare kaxeTi (teritoria Zvelieparqiebis: mcxeTisa, tfilisisa, rusTavisa, kawareTisa da ninowmidisa), rasacSeicavs exlandeli mcxeTa da nawili tfilisis mazrisa. kaTedra eparqiisa arismcxeTaSi (sveticxovelSi), xolo kaTolikozis rezidencia - tfilisSi.SeniSvna 1. kaTolikoz-patriarqis samwysos Seadgens saqarTvelos eklesiis wevrni, mcxovrebnisakaTolikozos gareT iseT qveynebSi, sadac marTlmadidebeli episkopozi ar aris.SeniSvna 2. rodesac kaTolikoz-patriarqi gardaicvleba, an mZime avadmyofobisa da sxvamizezTa gamo moklebuli iqneba saSvalebas, gauwios xelmZRvaneloba saeklesio marTva-gamgeobas,sinodi gamoiwvevs erT-erT mRvdelTmTavars, daniSnavs mas kaTolikoz-patriarqisTanamosaydred; mosaydreoba uqmdeba, rodesac kaTolikoz-patriarqi Tavis adgilzea.SeniSvna 3. qorepiskopozi SeiZleba hyavdes mxolod kaTolikoz-patriarqs. qorepiskopoziskandidaturas wamoayenebs kaTolikoz-patriarqi, xolo misi wodeba damokidebuliamRvdelT-mTavarTa krebulze, qorepiskopozi wevria sinodisa.b) wilknisa. samwyso: orisave aragvis, qsan-lexuris xeoba, gare qarTli,saguramo da fSav-xevsureTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa wilknisa, nawili samTavisisada samTavrosi), rasac Seicavs exlandeli duSeTis mazra da nawili samxreToseTis avtonomiuri olqisa. kaTedra mRvdelTmTavrisa wilkanSi, rezidenciadroebiT sveticxovelTan; pativi mRvdelTmTavrisa “wilkneli episkopozi”.g) manglisisa. samwyso: sabaraTiano (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: manglisisada winwyarosi), rasac Seicavs exlandeli tfilisis mazris dasavleTis nawili:wyneTi-TeleTis xazidan _ TeTriwyaro-manglisis xazamde. kaTedra _ manglisSi,rezidencia _ tfilisSi. pativi mwyemsT-mTavrisa - “mangleli episkoposi”.d) agarak-walkisa, anu axtala-penteliTarisa (beStaSenis) (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: walkisa, dmanisisa, bolnisisa da agarakisa), rasac Seicavs exlandelitfilisis mazris dasavleTis nawili, TeTriwyaro-manglisis xazidan. borCa-


286 mitropoliti anania jafariZelos da lori-bambakis mazrebi. kaTedra _ axtalaSi (agaraki), rezidencia _ tfilisSi,pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “axtala-penteliTaris (beStaSenis) episkopozi”.e) alaverdisa. samwyso: Sida kaxeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: alaverdisa,nekresisa da xarWaSenis), rasac Seicavs exlandeli Telavis mazra da yofiliTianeTis mazris nawili xarWiSos ubnis mimatebiT da amaT garda didoeT-durZuke-Ti, miwerili Tergisa da daRestnis mxareebze. kaTedra _ alaverdSi, rezidencia _q. TelavSi, pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “alaverdeli episkopozi” (anu abba alaverdeli).v) bodbisa. samwyso: hereTi, rani, Saqi da wukeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa:bodbisa, Weremisa, giSisa da xornabujisa), rasac Seicavs exlandeli mazrebida olqebi - siRnaRisa, zaqaTalisa, samurisa, nuxisa, areSisa, ganjisa da yazaxisa.kaTedra _ bodbeSi. rezidencia mRvdelmTavrisa _ q. siRnaRSi, pativimRvdelmTavris: “bodbeli episkopozi”.z) urbnisisa. samwyso: Sida qarTli (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: urbnisis,ruisis, niqozisa, nawili samTavisisa da samTavrosi), rasac Seicavs exlandeligoris mazra, garda borjomis xeobisa, da amas garda dvaleTi, miwerili Tergismxareze. kaTedra _ urbnisSi, rezidencia _ q. gorSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi:“urbneli episkopozi”.H) awyurisa. samwyso: samcxe-javaxeTi da zemo somxeTi (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: awyurisa, wurwyabisa, kumurdosi, eruSeTis, dadaSenis, wyarosTavis,anisis, karisa da alaSkertisa), rasac Seadgens exlandeli axalcixis mazra -borjomis xeobis momatebiT, axalqalaqis mazra, artaanis olqi, yarsis olqi,yaRzevanis olqi, gumbris mazra, basiani da alaSkerti. kaTedra mRvdelmTavrisa _awyverSi (droebiT zarzmaSi), rezidencia - q. axalcixeSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi:“mawyvereli episkopozi”.T) margveTisa. samwyso: zemo imereTi (teritoria _ nawili gaenaTis Zvelieparqiisa), - exlandeli Sorapnis mazra. kaTedra mRvdelT-mTavrisa _ argveTSi,rezidencia _ saCxereSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi: “margveli episkoposi”.i) quTais-genaTisa. samwyso: qvemo-imereTi da okriba (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa:quTaisisa, xonisa da nawili gaenaTisa), rasac Seadgens exlandeli quTaisismazra. kaTedra _ quTaisSi, rezidencia _ iqve. mwyemsT-mTavris pativi: “qu-TaTel-genaTeli episkopozi”.ia) nikorwmidisa. samwyso: raWa (teritoria nikorwmidis Zveli eparqiisa),exlandeli raWis mazra. kaTedra _ nikorwmidaSi, rezidencia _ onSi. pativimRvdelmTavrisa: “nikorwmindeli episkopozi”.ib) cagerisa. samwyso: leCxum-svaneTi (teritoria _ cageris Zveli eparqiisa),- exlandeli leCxumis mazra, kaTedra _ cagerSi. rezidencia _ iqve. pativimRvdelT-mTavrisa: “cagereli episkopozi”.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli287ig) Wyondidisa. samwyso: odiSi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: Wyondidisa,caiSisa da walenjixisa), - exlandeli senakisa da zugdidis mazrebi. kaTedra _martvilSi, rezidencia _ q. foTSi. pativi mwyemsmTavrisa: “Wyondideli episkopozi”.id) baTom-Semoqmedisa. samwyso: guria, tao-klarjeTi da WaneTi (teritoriaZveli eparqiebis: xinowmidisa _ imave baTumis, Semoqmedisa, jumaTisa, satrapelasi,tbeTisa, anCisa, iSxanisa da banisa), rasac Seicavs saqarTvelos respublikissamzRvrebSi _ exlandeli ozurgeTis mazra da aWaristanis avtonomiuri sabWoTarespublika, xolo osmaleTis sazRvrebSi olqebi: arTvinisa, olTisisa, TorTomisa,kiskimisa, ispiri, rizesi, aTinasi da xofasi. kaTedra _ q. baTomSi, rezidencia_ iqve. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “baTomel-Semoqmedeli episkopozi”.ie) cxum-afxazeTisasa (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: drandisa _ imave cxumisa,bediisa, moqvisa da biWvinTisa), exlandeli afxazeTis sabWoTa avtonomiuri respublikada zugdidis mazris nawili mdinare inguris dasavleTiT. kaTedra _ cxumSi(soxumSi), rezidencia _ iqve. mRvdelT-mTavris pativi: “cxum-afxazeTis episkopozi”.SeniSvna 4. mitropolitebi pativiT episkopozebze maRla dganan. mwyemsmTavarni pativdebuliqmnebian qirotoniis uxucesobis mixedviT.SeniSvna 5. am siis Secvla da Sevseba sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis krebis kompetenciasekuTvnis.mTavari gamgeoba $3. saqarTvelos eklesias ganagebs saeklesio kreba, romelzedacwarmoigzavnebian warmomadgeneli TiToeuli eparqiidan oTx-oTxi; amas gardaqalaqebi warmogzavnian: tfilisi _ Tormets, quTaisi, cxumi, baTomi, foTi, gori,Telavi, siRnaRi, axalcixe, ozurgeTi, liuqsemburgi _ or-ors, cxum-afxazeTi, walkisda baTom-Semoqmedis eparqiebis berZenTa eklesiebi da rusTa _ or-ors. saeklesiokrebis wevrebad iTvlebian yvela mmarTveli mRvdelmTavarni, kaTolikoz-patriarqisqorepiskopozi da saqarTvelos sakaTalikozo sinodis wevrebi.SeniSvna 1. eparqiebisagan da qalaqebisagan warmogzavnil warmomadgenelTagan naxevariaucileblad sasuliero pirni unda iyvnen.SeniSvna 2. avadmyofobis dros mRvdelmTavars ufleba aqvs wargzavnos krebazed Tavisiwarmomadgeneli.SeniSvna 3. delegatad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes mRvdlis xarisxisagan gandgomil angankveTili.$4. sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas Tavmjdomareobs kaTolikozi, xolo,roca igi ar aris, misi mosaydre. kreba irCevs prezidiumis danarCen wevrebs damdivnebs. kreba aris perioduli sam weliwadSi erTxel, - da mudmivi sakaTolikozosinodis saxiT. periodul krebas iwvevs sakaTolikozo sinodi. kreba kanonieria,Tu mowveulTa mesamedi mainc gamocxaddeba.SeniSvna: ara Cveulebrivi kreba moiwveva saWiroebis mixedviT.$5. saqarTvelos eklesiis perioduli krebis kompetencias eqvemdebareba: a) adgilobrivisaeklesio kanonmdebloba; b) uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali; g) sabolood


288 mitropoliti anania jafariZegarCeva da gadawyveta im saqmeebisa, romelTac mas sakaTolikozo sinodi warudgens;d) arCeva sakaTolikozo sinodisa, anu mudmivi krebis wevrebisa da maTikandidatebisa; e) Zveli kaTedrebis aRdgena, axali eparqiebis gaxsna an arsebuleparqiaTa daxurva da sazRvrebis gamijvna; v) zrunva sasuliero saswavlebelTadaarsebisa da nivTierad uzrunvelyofisaTvis.$6. mudmivi kreba, sakaTolikozo sinodi Sesdgeba yvela mmarTvel mRvdelmTavarTagan,kaTolikos-patriarqis qorepiskopozisa da eqvsi wevrisagan. sinodiswevrebi da maTi eqvsi kandidati aRirCevian saeklesio krebis mier, rogorc delegatTa,ise ara delegatTagan. naxevari arCeuli wevrebisa da maTi kandidatebisauTuod samRvdelo pirni unda iyvnen.SeniSvna: sinodi pasuxismgebelia saeklesio krebis winaSe.$7. sinodis wevrni, agreTve maTi kandidatebi aRirCevian saeklesio krebis miersamis wlis vadiT da SeuZlianT xel-axala arCeul iqmnen. sinods TavmjdomareobskaTolikoz-patriarqi, xolo roca ar aris, misi mosaydre da Tu mosaydrec araris damswre uxucesi mRvdelT-mTavari. sakaTolikozo sinodis krebebze weliwad-Si orjel: didmarxvis mesame kviraSi da Semodgomaze moiwvevian yvela mRvdelmTavrebi(mmarTvelni da qorepiskopozni), romelTa TanamonawileobiT swydeba sayuradRebosakiTxebi.SeniSvna 1. aseT krebebs SeuZlianT gadasinjos sakaTolikozo sinodis Cveulebrivi Semadgenlobismier gadawyvetili saqmeni axali dadgenilebis gamosatanad, Tu isini gansaCivrebuliiqmnebian.SeniSvna 2. mRvdelmTavris dauswreblad sakaTolikozo sinodis kreba ar xdeba.SeniSvna 3. adgilobriv mRvdelTmTavars SeuZlia wamoiyvanos sinodis sxdo-maze saTanadodmomzadebuli piri Tavis eparqiis saWirboroto da mniSvnelovan sakiTxebis garCevis drosmonawileobis misaRebad saTaTbiro xmiT.SeniSvna 4. Tu raime mizezisa gamo sinodis wevrma Tavi gaaneba samsaxurs da kandidatebicuars ityvian wevrobaze, sinodis plenums an Cveulebriv Semadgenlobas eZleva neba moiwviossaTanadod momzadebuli piri, kooptaciis wesiT.$8. sinodis sxdoma kanonieria, Tu mas daeswreba Tavmjdomare da tfilisSimcxovreb wevrTa naxevari.$9. sinodSi sakiTxi ubralo xmis umetesobiT swydeba, xolo roca xmebi Tanabradiyofa, maSin is azri upiratesobs, romelsac Tavmjdomare emxroba.$10. sabWos wevrT ara aqvT ufleba Tavi Seikavon xmis micemisagan.$11. Tu romelime wevri moisurvebs kerZo azris Setanas, movalea gamosTqvasigi TviT sxdomazed, da ara ugvianes samis dRisa warudginos werilobiT sxdomisTavmjdomares, JurnalSi Sesatanad, anu dasarTvelad.$12. saqmeebis ganxilvis rigs awesebs Tavmjdomare.$13. sakiTxis aRZvris ufleba aqvs sinodis yvela wevrs; am uflebis gansaxorcielebladsaWiroa werilobiTi gancxadebis Setana kaTolikoz-patriarqis saSualebiT,romelic movalea aRniSnuli gancxadeba gadasces gansaxilvelad sinodisuaxloes krebas.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli289$14. kaTolikoz-patriarqs ar aqvs ufleba moxsnas Tavis gankargulebiT sakiTxirigisagan, xeli SeuSalos ganCinebis gamotanas dasmul sakiTxze, an SeaCerosganCinebis sisruleSi moyvana, Tu Tavis droze ar ganucxadebia protesti.$14a. kaTolikoz-patriarqs, Tu dainaxavs, rom sinodis mier gamotaniliganCineba mavnebeli da sazianoa sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi mxriT eklesiis keTildReobisaTvis,- SeuZlia ganacxados protesti da samis dRis ganmavlobaSi SeitanossinodSi werilobiTi winadadeba sakiTxis gadasinjvisaTvis.$15. rodesac sinodSi irCeva saqme Tavmjdomaris anu sinodis wevris ukanonomoqmedebaTa gamo, dainteresebul pirs neba aqvs darCes darbazSi saqmis moxsenebisdros da miawodos sinods saWiro ganmarteba, magram, roca sinodi Seudgeba gan-Cinebis gamotanas, ueWvelad unda dastovos darbazi.SeniSvna: roca saCivari exeba Tavmjdomaris (kaTolikozis) ukanono moqmedebas, sinodsTavmjdomareobs uxucesi damswre mRvdelmTavarTagan.$16. sinodis ganCinebas xels awers yvelaze uwin Tavmjdomare da mis Semdegyvela im sxdomaze damswre wevri, miuxedavad imisa, Tanaxma iyo igi gamotaniliganCinebisa, Tu ara.$17. sinodis wevrTa Soris saqmeTa ganawileba da maTi warmoebis wesi xdebasinodisve ganCinebiT. Tu romelime wevri ar asrulebs Tavis movaleobas da xelsuSlis saqmis normalurad warmoebas, sakaTolikozo sinods eZleva ufleba misigadayenebisa da mis adgilze kandidatis mowvevisa. amis Sesaxeb sakaTolikozosinodi valdebulia, moaxsenos morig plenums, anu saeklesio krebas, saboloomsjavris dasadebad.$18. sakaTolikozo sinods samsaxuris mxriT eqvemdebarebian rogorcmRvdelmTavrebi da sasuliero pirni, agreTve saeklesio dawesebulebani da maTSimosamsaxureni, xolo sarwmunoebisa da saeklesio disciplinis mxriT yoveliwevri saqarTvelos eklesiisa. sinodis dadgenilebani savaldebuloa yvela saeklesiodawesebulebaTa da eklesiis wevrTaTvis; amaTi Secvla SeuZlia mxolodsinods, plenums, periodul an araCveulebriv krebas. sakaTolikozo sinodi Tavisifunqciebis aRsrulebis dros xelmZRvanelobs saRmrTo weriliT; msoflio daadgilobrivi (maT Soris saqarTvelos eklesiis) krebaTa dadgenilebiT da saxelmwifoSimoqmed kanonmdeblobiT. sakaTolikozo sinods hyavs damxmare organoebi:kontroli, sameurneo gamgeoba, kancelaria da sxva.$19. sakaTolikozo sinods anu mudmiv krebas eqvemdebareba Semdegi saqmeebi: a) zrunvasaeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa da qarTuli RvTismetyvelebis ayvavebisa da SeuryvneladdacvisaTvis; b) zrunva samwysoTa sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi warmatebisaTvis;g) saWiroebaTa mixedviT arsebul kanonTa farglebSi gankargulebis gamocemada droebiT, morig saeklesio krebamde, cxovrebaSi misi gatareba; d) Tvalyurisdevneba mis qvemdebare pirTa da dawesebulebebis moqmedebaTaTvis; e) zrunva taZar-


290 mitropoliti anania jafariZeTa, saqvelmoqmedo da sasuliero saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTa keTilmowyobisaTvis;v) ganxilva da saTanado dawesebulebaTa winaSe Suamdgomlobis aRZvraeklesiaTa, saqvelmoqme-do da sasuliero samoswavlo-saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTadaarsebis Sesaxeb; z) saTanado saxelmwifo dawesebulebaTa da TanamdebobispirTa winaSe saeklesio saqmeTa gamo Suamdgomlobis aRZvra; H) zrunva sam-Rvdeloebis qonebrivad uzrunvelyofisaTvis; T) zrunva samsaxuridan gasul sam-Rvdelo pirTa, saeklesio dawesebulebaTa moxeleTa da samRvdelobis qvriv-obolTaTvis;i) zrunva saRmrTo da saeklesio-saRvTismsaxuro wignTa Sedgenisa,Sesworebisa da gamocemisaTvis; ia) mRvdelmTavarTa, Tanaxmad maTis Txovnisa,samsaxuriTgan ganTavisufleba; ib) reviziis daniSvna sxvadasxva saWiroebaTa daSemTxvevaTa gamo; ig) eparqiebisa da saeklesio dawesebulebaTa xarjT-aRricxvisganxilva-damtkiceba; id) saeparqio dawesebulebaTa wliuri angariSebis ganxilvada mTeli sakaTolikozoQs wliuri angariSis Sedgena perioduli krebisaTvis warsadgenad;ie) sabolood garCeva apelaciis da kasaciis wesiT saeparqio mmarTvelobaTaganSemosul saqmeTa; iv) nebarTva sakaTolikozos eklesiebSi nebayoflobiTiSewirulebis saqvelmoqmedo mizniT Sekrebisa; iz) sxva avtokefalur eklesiebTanurTierTobis daWera; iH) perioduli krebis mowveva da im krebaze gansaxilvelsakiTxTa winaswari damuSaveba da masalebis Sekreba; iT) xelmZRvaneloba kaTolikozisarCevnebisa; k) micema droebiT Tavisuflebisa, erT Tveze metis vadiT,episkopozebisa, sakaTalikozo sinodis wevrebis da sinodis damxmare organoTagamgeTaTvis; ka) zrunva galobis aRdgena-gamSvenebisaTvis; kb) zrunva uepiskoposoddarCenil eparqiaTaTvis; kg) danaSaulobani, romelTaTvis saeklesio kanoniTdaniSnulia eklesiis wevrobidan gamoricxva da mRvdlis xarisxidan gankve-Ta; kd) saeparqio sabWos wevrTa da mRvdelmTavarTa danaSaulobani samsaxurSi.$20. kaTolikozi. saWeTmpyroblad (mTavar-winamZRvrad) eklesiisa iTvlebamTavar-episkopozi mcxeTisa da tfilisisa da sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikozpatriarqi,romelsac irCevs saqarTvelos eklesiis perioduli kreba, farulixmis micemiT. arCeulad CaiTvleba is kandidati, romelic umravles amomrCev xmasmiiRebs, magram damswre amomrCevelT xmebis naxevarze mets.SeniSvna: sakaTolikozo kandidatisaTvis berobis miReba savaldebulo ar aris. fizikurisada zneobrivis mxriv, igi unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonTa moTxovnilebas da undahqondes miRebuli umaRlesi sazogado ganaTleba da Sesaferi saRvTismetyvelo momzadeba.$21. kaTolikoz-patriarqis kompetencia aseTia: a) is Tavmjdomareobs sruliadsaqarTvelos saeklesio periodul da mudmiv krebas; b) mwyemsmTavrulad mimoixilavssakaTolikozos eparqiebs da xelmZRvanelobas uwevs episkoposebs saeparqiomarTva-gamgeobaSi; g) mis saxels ixsenieben wirva-locvis dros sakaTolikozosmRvdelmTavrebi da samRvdeloeba; d) igi aZlevs droebiT Tavisuflebas episkopozebs,sakaTolikozo sinodis wevrebs da sinodis damxmare organoTa gamgeebs ara


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli291umetes erTi Tvisa weliwadSi, xolo saeparqio marTva-gamgeobis organoTa meTaurebs- ori TviTgan da mets; e) agreTve aZlevs daTxovnis sigelebs im episkopozebs,romelnic droebiT eparqiidan sxvagan sadme midian; v) iRebs saCivars episkopozTa,sakaTolikozo sinodis wevrTa, saeparqio krebaTa da saeparqio dawesebulebaTaSesaxeb da aZlevs am saCivrebs kanonier msvlelobas; z) saWiro SemTxvevaSi, sinodismindobilobiT, is aZlevs rCevas da mwyemsTmTavrul SeniSvnas episkopozebsa dasaeparqio sabWoebis wevrebs; H) sinodisve mindobilobiT imas miwer-mowera aqvssxva avtokefalur eklesiebTan da saxelmwifos umaRles dawesebulebebTan.saeparqio marTva-gamgeoba $22. saeparqio mmarTvelovbis mTavari organoaris saeparqio kreba, romelzedac TviTeuli olqi gzavnis or warmomadgenels,romelTagan erTi ueWvelad samRvdeloa. kreba orgvaria Cveulebrivi,weliwadSi erTxel da ara Cveulebrivi _ saWiroebisdagvarad. krebas Tavmjdomareobsadgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari, rodesac mRvdelmTavari ar aris,kreba TiTon irCevs Tavmjdomares samRvdelo pirTa Soris: krebave irCevsprezidiumis danarCen wevrebs da mdivnebsac. kreba kanonieria, Tu masze gamocxaddaara umcires mowveulTa mesamedisa.SeniSvna 1. saeparqio krebas iwvevs saeparqio mmarTveloba.SeniSvna 2. saeparqio krebis wevrebad iTvlebian saeparqio sabWos wevrebi.SeniSvna 3. warmomadgenlad ar SeiZleba arCeva mRvdlis xarisxidan gandgomilisa, angankveTilisa.$23. saeparqio krebis uflebas Seadgens: a) saeparqio sabWos wevrTa da maTikandidatebis arCeva; b) Tvalyuris devneba saeparqio cxovrebisa da saeparqiodawesebulebaTa moqmedebisa; g) arCeva delegatebisa sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesiokrebisaTvis; d) zrunva saeklesio, samoswavlo da saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTadaarsebisa, gaumjobesebisa da nivTier saSualebaTa gamonaxvisaTvis eparqiaSi;e) adgilobrivi sabWos mier SemuSavebuli wesebis da instruqciebis damtkiceba;v) zrunva galobis gaumjobesebisaTvis.SeniSvna: saeparqio krebis ganCineba Sedis ZalaSi, Tu mas emxroba adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari,winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, sakiTxi gadaecema sakaTolikozo sinods.$24. saeparqio krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris saeparqio sabWo. sabWosTavmjdomareobs adgilobrivi mRvdelmTavari, xolo, roca igi araa, maSin sabWoswevrebi, TavianT Soris irCeven Tavmjdomares samRvdelo pirTagan; sabWo SesdgebaoTxis wevrisagan, romelTagan ori samRvdeloa. sabWos wevrebi irCevian saeparqiokrebis mier, samis wlis vadiT. amaT garda sabWos hyavs mdivani, romelsac TviTsabWo moiwvevs. sabWos wevris samsaxuri ufasoa.$25. saeparqio sabWos kompetencias eqvemdebareba: a) sarwmunoebis da zneobisdacva-ganmtkicebisaTvis zrunva eparqiaSi; b) ganxilva im saqmeebisa, romelTacmas saolqo krebebi an saolqo sabWoebi warmoudgenen; g) Tvalyuris devneba yvela


292 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaeklesio dawesebulebaTa da saeklesio Tanamdebobis pirTa moqmedebisa eparqiaSi,d) ufleba krebulis wevrTa adgilebzed arCeul kandidatebis damtkicebisa;e) ganxilva sakiTxisa axali olqebis gaxsnisa, an arsebul olqTa Semcirebisa,gind gayofisa da gadamijvnisa, eparqiis farglebSi; v) saeparqio krebaze gansaxilvelsakiTxTa winaswari damuSaveba; z) saeparqio wliuri angariSis Sedgena saeparqiokrebisa da sakaTolikozo sinodisaTvis warsadgenad; H) berobisa da sasulierowodebidan ganTavisufleba.SeniSvna: sabWoSi saqmeebi swydeba ubralo xmis umetesobiT, magram rodesac sabWos damRvdelmTavars Soris uTanxmoebaa, maSin sadavo saqme gadaecema sakaTolikozo sinods.$26. episkopozi aris eparqiis sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi cxovrebis xelmZRvanelida ganagebs eparqias saeparqio sabWosTan erTad. saepiskopozo kandidatiaRirCevis faruli xmis micemiT, xeldaasxams mas kaTolikozi episkopozTa krebi-TurT. saepiskopozo kandidats unda hqondes miRebuli umaRlesi ganaTleba daSesaferisi saRvTismetyvelo momzadeba, xolo ukidures SemTxvevaSi ara umciressaSualo saRvTismetyvelo ganaTlebisa; fizikurad da zneobrivad unda akmayofilebdessaeklesio kanonTa moTxovnilebas.SeniSvna 1. uzenaes saeklesio mmarTvelobas, garemoebis mixedviT, SeuZlia daniSnos episkopoziama Tu im eparqiaSi, ukeTu arCevnebis moxdenis normaluri pirobebi ar iqmneba.SeniSvna 2. saepiskopozo kandidatisaTvis berad Sedgoma savaldebulo ar aris. magram igiar SeiZleba iyos coliani an ganqorwinebuli.SeniSvna 3. saepiskopozo kandidatis arCeva xdeba Semdegi wesiT: kandidatis dasaxelebaSeuZlia daqvrivebuli eparqiis yovelsave wevrs, eparqiis daqvrivebiTgan erTi Tvis gasvlamdekandidatTa saxelebi waredgineba saTanado cnobebis TandarTviT kaTolikoz-patriarqs. kandidatTasias ixilavs mmarTvel episkopozTa krebuli (sami unda ueWvelad daeswros piradad,xolo danarCenTagan gamoiTxovebis saTanado gramata). episkopozTa krebulisagan mowonebulisaepiskopozo kandidatTa sia waregzavneba eparqiis droebiT mmarTvel episkopozs krebisaTvisgadasacemad. yvela kandidats kenWi eyreba cal-calke. arCeulad iTvleba is, vinc yvelazemets kenWs miiRebs, magram ara umcires delegatTa naxevrisa, arCeul kandidats amtkicebssakaTolikozo sinodi.$27. episkopozi aris sakaTedro taZris winamZRvari. mis kompetencias ekuTvnis:a) sruli ufleba mTel eparqiaSi swavla-moZRvrebisa; b) ufleba yovelgvarismRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebisa; g) zrunva, raTa mis eparqiaSi morwmunenisaR saeklesio swavlebas icavdnen; d) mas aqvs ufleba moxsnas qorwinebis droszogierTi dabrkolebani, romelnic naTesavur kavSiridan gamomdinareoben; e) sarwmunoebrivsaqmeebSi masze damokidebulni arian eparqiis yvela wevrebi; d) Tvalyurisdevneba samonastro saeklesio qonebaTa marTva-gamgeobisa eparqiaSi;v) mis saxels aRavlens wirva-locvis dros mTeli eparqiis samRvdeloeba;z) is aZlevs droebiTs Tavisuflebas, ara umetes erTis Tvisa, saeparqiodawesebulebebSi mosamsaxureT; H) episkopozs neba aqvs Svebulebis auReblad, gan-Sordes Tavis eparqias, weliwadSi ara umetes or gzisa, sam-samis kviriT, razedacmoaxsenebs sakaTolikozo sinods.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli293episkopozi valdebulia: a) daemorCilos saeklesio kanonebsa da mTavar saeklesiommrTvelobis mier kanonierad gamocemuls dadgenilebaTa, xolo roca amaTu im saeklesio kanonisa an dadgenilebis Sesaxeb gaugebroba rame daebadeba, gansamartebladmTavar saeklesio mTavrobas mihmarTos; b) cxoveli kavSiri iqoniossamwysosTan da am mizniT xSir-xSirad mimoixilos Tavisi eparqia; g) yvelaferSidaemorCilos sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas da, roca sakaTolikozosinodi moiwvevs, aRniSnul krebaze gamocxaddes; d) mTavari saeklesio mTavrobisnebadaurTvelad ara moimoqmedos ra iseTi, rac mis uflebas aRemateba; e) wirvalocvisdros kaTolikozis saxels ixseniebdes; v) sxva eparqiaSi Tavisi nebiT aradaiwyos ra; z) pativiscemiT epyrobodes sxva mRvdelmTavrebs, saeparqio sabWoebsda saeparqio krebis gadawyvetilebas; H) ufleba aqvs damnaSave mRvdels aukrZalosadministraciuli wesiT mRvdelmoqmedeba, epitemia daados ara umetes erTis Tvisa,anu moxsnas, da amas acnobebs saeparqio sabWos.SeniSvna: episkopozi, Tu igi eparqiis mmarTveli ar aris, anu qorepiskoposobas ar asrulebsda adgilobriv saeparqio da sakaTolikozo sinodis nebarTviT asrulebs mxolodsamrevlo mRvdlis movaleobas, swiravs filonSi da panaRias, gareSe wirva-locvisa, ar atarebs;wirva-locvaSi mis eklesiaSi moixsenieba kaTolikoz-patriarqis da adgilobriv mRvdelTmTavrissaxelebi.saolqo mmarTveloba $28. olqs saeparqio mTavrobis xelmZRvanelobiTganagebs saolqo kreba, romelSiac monawileobas iRebs olqis TviTeuli samrevlodanor-ori warmomadgeneli, romelTagan erTi aucileblad samRvdeloa;krebas Tavmjdomareobs mTavarxucesi. saolqo krebas iwvevs saolqosabWo da igi kanonieria, Tu masze gamocxaddeba ara umcires yvela wevrTanaxevarisa. saolqo kreba aris Cveulebrivi _ weliwadSi orjel da ara Cveulebrivi_ saWiroebisadagvarad.$29. saolqo krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis a) saolqo sabWos wevrTa, maTikandidatebis da mTavarxucesis arCeva sami wliT, agreTve arCeva delegatebisasaeparqio krebisaTvis; b) zrunva samrevloebSi saeklesio cxovrebis mowesrigebisada warmatebisaTvis; g) zrunva qvriv-obol-gaWirvebulTaTvis, da sazogadod saqvelmoqmedosaqmis mowyoba olqSi; d) saolqo sabWos moqmedebis angariSis ganxilva;e) Suamdgomlobis aRZvra da mosazrebaTa wardgena Sesaxeb axlis samrevloebisdaarsebisa, arsebul samrevloTa gayofisa da Semcirebisa.$30. saolqo krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris saolqo sabWo, romelsacTavmjdomareobs mTavarxucesi. saolqo sabWo Sesdgeba samis wevrisagan, romelTaganori sasuliero piria.SeniSvna: saolqo krebis arCevnebs amtkicebs saeparqio sabWo.$31. saolqo sabWo: a) adgens saolqos wliur angariSs, romelsac warudgenssaolqo krebasa da saeparqio sabWos b) winaswar daamuSavebs sakiTxebs, romelic


294 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaolqo krebas unda waredginos gansaxilvelad; g) iwvevs saolqo krebas da xelmZRvanelobasuwevs samrevlo krebebs krebulis wevrTa arCevnebSi; d) iZlevasaWiro cnobebs olqis dawesebulebaTa da mosamsaxure pirTa Sesaxeb, roca amasumaRlesi saeklesio dawesebulebani moiTxoven; e) zrunavs moawesrigos krebuliswevrTa Soris amtydari uTanxmoebani saZmo Semosavlisa da sazogadod sameurneosaqmeebis gamo, agreTve amave xasiaTis uTanxmoebani krebulis wevrTa da samrevlosabWoebs Soris; v) aZlevs krebulis wevrTa Tavisuflebas ara umetes oris kvirisa.samrevlo $32. samrevlo aris erTis sarwmunoebriv-zneobriobis mizniT,urTierTis daxmarebis azriT, saeklesio meurneobiT, sakuTaris krebulis xelmZRvanelobiT,saerTo taZris garSemo Semokrebili da episkopozze kanoniurad damokidebulimorwmuneTa sazogadoeba.$33. samrevlos gaxsna ar SeiZleba, ukeTu morwmuneTa ricxvi imdenad mcirea,rom sakuTari taZrisa da krebulis Senaxva ar SeuZliaT. TviTeul samrevlosuWiravs gansazRvruli teritoria, romlis sazRvrebi SeiZleba Seicvalos sxvasamrevloebTan SeTanxmebiT da saTanado saeklesio mTavrobis nebarTviT.SeniSvna: qalaqebSi samrevloTaTvis teritoriuli principis dacva savaldebulo ar aris.$34. mrevlad iTvleba yoveli morwmune, romelic gansazRvruls samrevlosekuTvnis, Setanilia samrevlo davTarSi da monawileobas iRebs yvela xarjebSi,rasac samrevlo eweva.$35. samrevlos qonebas Seadgens sanTlis Semosavali da taZarSi, an mrevlSiSegrovili Semowiruloba. am qonebas samrevlo ganagebs Sesafer organoTasaSualebiT.SeniSvna: erTsa da iamve samrevloSi SeiZleba iyos zed miwerili taZari, romelSiac, TusaWiroeba moiTxovs da mosaxerxebelic iqneba, sruldeba yovelgvari RvTismsaxureba.$36. samrevlos ganagebs saeparqio mTavrobis xelmZRvanelobis qveSe samrevlokreba da mis mier arCeuli samrevlo sabWo.$37. samrevlo krebas Seadgens yevla marTlmadidebeli qali da kaci (araumcires 18 wlisa), romelnic am samrevlos sabuTebSi arian Cawerilni rogorcwevrni samrevloQsa.$38. ufleba samrevlo krebaSi monawileobis miRebisa gadamwyvetis xmiT aqvTa) krebulis wevrT da b) yvela srulwlovan marTlmadidebel qalsa da kacs (araumcires 18 wlisa), romelnic am samrevlos sabuTebSi arian Cawerilni, rogorcwevrni samrevloQsa. gamonaklisi aRniSnulia qvemore muxlSi.$39. samrevlo krebaze monawileobis miRebis ufleba ar aqvT im pirT a) romelnicdaarRveven wesierebas taZarSi, agreTve samrevlo krebaze, b) romelTac ar SemoaqvTsamrevlo gadasaxadebi Tu isini samrevlo krebis mier ganTavisuflebulniar arian, rogorc Raribebi, gadasaxadisagan.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli295$40. kreba aris Cveulebrivi weliwadSi erTxel da ara Cveulebrivi _ saWiroebisamebr.samrevlo krebas iwvevs samrevlo sabWo. kreba unda mowveul iqnas imSemTxvevaSic, roca amas moiTxovs ara umcires samrevloQs 20-is srulwlovaniswevrisa; kreba kanonieria, ukeTu masze samrevlos mekomurTa warmomadgenelTanaxevari mainc gamocxaddeba, xolo Tu kreba pirvel mowvevaze ar Sesdga, meoredigi kanonieria, ramdeni wevric unda gamocxaddes.$41. samrevlos krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis: a) arCeva krebulisa da samrevlosabWos wevrebisa da maTi kandidatebisa, agreTve samrevlos molarisa; b) eklesiisada krebulis SenaxvisaTvis zrunva; g) samarTalSi micema samrevlo sabWos wevrebisasamsaxuris aRsrulebis dros uflebis aRmatebisa da borotmoqmedebisaTvis;d) zrunva eklesiis gamSvenierebisa da keTilmowyobisaTvis; e) zrunva samrevlossarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi srulyofisa da mis saganmanaTleblo-saqvelmoqmedodawesebulebaTaTvis; z) zrunva sakrebulo binisaTvis; z) daniSvna sareviziokomisiis wevrebisa samrevlo sabWos moqmedebisa da angariSis gansaxilvelad;H) Suamdgomlobis aRZvra taZris kapitalurad gadakeTebis Sesaxeb, roca trapezisaSlaa saWiro.$42. samrevlo krebis aRmasrulebeli organo aris samrevlo sabWo, romelicSesdgeba krebulis yvela wevrTa da ara umcires eqvsis wevrisa, romelTac irCevssamrevlo kreba, sami wlis vadiT. samrevlo sabWos Tavmjdomareobs eklesiiswinamZRvari, xolo roca igi ar aris, maSin sabWo TviTon irCevs TavmjdomaresTvis Soris. sabWos sxdomebi imarTeba TveSi erTxel, xolo, Tu saWiroeba moiTxovs,ufro xSiradac. saqmeebi swydeba ubralo xmis umetesobiT, xolo, roca xmebiTanabrad iyofa, maSin is azri upitaresobs, romelsac Tavmjdomare emxroba.SeniSvna 1. Tu samrevlo krebisa da sabWos ganCineba eklesiis winamZRvars miaCnia eklesiissazianod, mas SeuZlia ganCinebis sisruleSi moyvanis SeCereba da misi adgilobriv mRvdelmTavarTangansaCivreba, - amis Sesaxeb Tavis azri winamZRvarma unda gamosTqvas krebazedve.SeniSvna 2. sabWos wevrad irCeva rogorc mamakaci, ise dedakaci.SeniSvna 3. sabWos wevrad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnas samRvdelo xarisxiTgan gandgomili,an gankveTili.$43. samrevlo sabWos kompetencia aris: a) eklesiis qonebis marTva-gamgeoba;b) yovelgvari statistikuri cnobis Sekreba, rasac ki samrevlos marTva-gamgeobisaTvisaqvs raime mniSvneloba; g) akrefa keTilmneblobiTi Sewirulebisa mrevlSida misi daniSnulebisamebr moxmareba; d) zrunva eklesiisa da krebulis SesanaxsaSualebaTa gasaZliereblad; e) zrunva taZrisa da RvTismsaxurebis keTilmowyobisaTvis;v) zrunva qvriv-obolTa da gaWirvebulTaTvis qvelmoqmedebis wesiT;z) aRZvra saqmisa im pirTa winaaRmdeg, romelnic eklesiasa da morwmuneTa sarwmunoebrivgrZnobas Selaxaven; H) winaswari damuSaveba im sakiTxebisa, romelickrebam unda ganixilos; T) samrevlo qonebisa da Tanxebis yovelTviuri Semowmeba;i) Tavisi moqmedebis wliuri angariSis Sedgena mTavarxucesisa da samrevlo krebi-


296 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaTvis warsadgenad; ia) igi avalebs erT-erT wevrs sameurneo nawilis gamgeobas,xolo erT-erT wevrs _ xazindarobas da ib) sabWos davalebiT krebulis wevrsSeuZlia orive Tanamdebobis asruleba.SeniSvna: sameurneo nawilis gamged da xazindrad SeiZleba daniSnul iqmnas samrevlosabWos mier qalic.$44. krebuli. krebulis aucilebel wevrad iTvlebian: mRvdeli da wignismkiTxveli,xolo, sadac aris, iq samrevlos diakonic (mTavari).SeniSvna: diakoni da wignis-mkiTxveli arian mxolod Tanamsaxurni mRvdlisa da uimisodaraviTari mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesruleba ar SeuZlianT samrevloSi.$45. eklesiis krebulis wevrs mRvdels, diakons da wignis-mkiTxvels irCevssamrevlo kreba im pirTagan, romelTac, aqvT dasturi arCevnebze daSvebisa saolqoda saeparqio sabWoTagan. samrevlos Tu ar hyavs Tavisi kandidatebi krebuliswevrisa, mimarTavs mRvdelmTavars aseTi wevrebis daniSvnisaTvis.$46. mRvdeli. mRvdeli valdebulia: a) mudam Tavis mrevlSi scxovrobdes dasamrevlo ar dastovos, gansakuTrebiT roca iq raime moaruli seni gaCndeba daroca samrevlos gansacdeli ram moelis; b) gansakuTrebul Tval-yurs adevnebdessakuTars yofaqcevas, rogorc sazogadoebaSi, ise Tavis saxlSi; g) aasrulossazogadoebrivi RvTismsaxureba dawesebul dros; d) mrevlis moTxovnilebisamebraasrulos saWiro mRvdelmoqmedeba; v) Tvalyuri adevnos mrevlSi saeklesio disciplinisada zneobis dacvas; z) roca samsaxuris dros ama Tu im sakiTxis SesaxebeWvi daebadeba, axsna-ganmartebisaTvis mTavarxucess da saeparqio mTavrobas mimarTos;H) eklesiaSi qadageba da sazogadod swavla-moZRvreba; T) RvTismsaxurebisdros kaTolikozisa da Tavisi episkopozis saxeli moixsenios; i) krebulis sxvawevrTa saSualebiT saeklesio sabuTebi awarmovos; ia) sxva samrevloSi mRvdelmoqmedebisSesrulebisaTvis gamoiTxovos adgilobrivi mRvdlis nebarTva.$47. samRvdelo da sadiakvno kandidats unda hqondesT sakmao sazogado ganvi-Tareba, icoden saeklesio tibikoni da kiTxva-galoba, rac windawinve unda iqmnesSemowmebuli saeparqio mTavrobis mier.SeniSvna 1. meored jvardawerils, an qvrivze jvardawerils eris kacs neba eZleva mTavardiakvnobisda mRvdlobis xarisxis miRebisa.SeniSvna 2. mRvdels neba aqvs Seasrulos RvTis msaxurebis dros diakonis samsaxuridiakonisave SesamoselSi, xolo ipodiakons neba eZleva kvereqsis warmoTqmisa.SeniSvna 3. wignis-mkiTxvelad SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes qalic.saeklesio samarTali $48. saqarTvelos eklesiis samarTals eqvemdebarebaama eklesiis yvela wevri iseT saqmeebSi saeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa, zneobrivcxovrebisa, saeklesio wyobilebisa da saeklesio samsaxuris winaaRmdeg, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia gansazRvruli sasjeli anu zomebi zRvevisada gasworebisa.$49. sakaTolikozo sinodi asrulebs uzenaes sasuliero sasamarTlo funqciebs.yovelive danaSauloba eklesiur-sarwmunoebriv TvalsazrisiT, romelic


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli297Seexeba morwmuneTa da samRvdelo pirTa, garda episkopozisa, irCeva saeparqiosabWos mier, saeparqio sabWos ganCinebiT ukmayofilo pirs SeuZlia ganasaCivrosaseTi ganCineba sakaTolikozo sinodSi. ukeTu saqme gadawyvetilia sakaTolikozosinodis Cveulebriv Semadgenlobisagan, aseTi gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gansa-Civrebul iqmnas imave sinodis gaZlierebul SemadgenlobaSi, romlis dadgenilebasabolovoa.$50. saeparqio sabWos samarTals eqvemdebareba: danaSaulobani, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanonebiT dadgenilia zomebi: mRvdelmoqmedebis aRkveTa, samsaxuridangadayeneba, eklesiis wevrobidan gamoricxva; saeklesio epitimiis dadeba morwmuneebzeda samRvdelo pirebze; jvrisweris gauqmebis saqme.$51. mRvdelmTavarTa Sesaxeb saCivrebs ixilavs sinodi da Rebulobs droebiTzomebs, xolo sabolovo msjavri gamoaqvs sakaTolikozo sinodis gaZlierebulSemadgenlobas (ix. $7). mRvdelmTavarTa ara kanonier moqmedebaTa gamo TviTsakaTolikozo sinodsac aqvs ufleba saqmis aRZvrisa.gadmobeWdilia wignidan _ “debuleba saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvis”,tfilisi, 1928.


298 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaqarTvelos VIII saeklesio krebis (1937 w.) saxeliTgamocemuli `debuleba~1945 wlis 28 marts saqarTveloseklesiis wmida sinodma miiRo `debulebasaqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvis~,romelic SeTanxmebuli iyoIV da VIII saeklesio krebaTa mier damtkicebul`debulebebTan~, amasTanave, igiSeTanxmebuli iyo imJamindel sabWoTakavSirSi moqmed samoqalaqo kanonebTan.am debulebaTa ZaliT mTlianad gauqmebuliqna ara mxolod adrindeli `saka-Tolikozo sabWo~, romelsac imdenaddidi uflebebi gaaCnda, rom krebaTa SorisperiodSi igi xelmZRvanelobda eklesias,aramed 1927 wels dadgenili `sakaTalikozosinodic~. axali debulebis mixedviT,krebaTa Soris periodSi, amJamad,ukve sruli mmarTveli iyo kaTolikozpatriarqi,romelTanac arsebobda `kaTalikoz-patriarqisTana sinodi~. misiwevrebi mxolod mRvdelmTavrebi iyvnen.1937 wels VIII saeklesio krebazemoxda wm. sinodis reorganizacia, SemoRebuliqna erTpirovnuli marTva-gamgeoba,sinods ewoda kaTalikosisTanaA.1945 wlis 28 martis debulebas aqvsrezolucia - `miRebul iqnas: kaTalikozpatriarqikalistrate, urbneli mitropolitimelqisedeki, quTaTel-genaTel-Wyondideli episkopozi efremi, wilkneliepiskopozi tarasi, ninowmideliepiskoposi dimitri~. debulebis mixedviTsaqarTvelos eklesiaSi iyo 15 eparqia,romelTagan mravali umRvdelmTavrodiyo darCenili. eklesia da misi saWeTmpyrobelidebulebis mixedviT xelmZRvanelobda`saRmrTo weriliT, msoflioda adgilobrivi (maT Soris saqarTvelos)krebaTa dadgenilebebiT da saxelmwifoSimomqmedi kanonmdeblobiT~.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli299debulebasaqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvis(SeTanxmeba IV da VIII saeklesio krebaTa mier damtkicebul “debulebaTa”ssr kavSirSi momqmed samoqalaqo kanonebTan)$1. marTva-gamgeobis mxriv saqarTvelos eklesia ganiyofeba eparqiebad, eparqiebi- olqebad, xolo olqebi - samrevloebad.$2. saqarTvelos eklesiaSi Semdegi eparqiebia:a) mcxeTa-Tbilisisa, romlis mwyemsT-mTavari aris mTavarepiskopozi mcxeTisada Tbilisisa da sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikoz-patriarqi. samwyso: saqarTveloseklesiis wmida dedaqalaqi mcxeTa, Tbilisi da gare kaxeTi (teritoriaZveli eparqiebisa: kawareTisa, mcxeTisa, ninowmidisa, rusTavisa da Tbilisisa),rasac Seicavs exlandeli raionebi TianeTisa, mcxeTisa, sagarejosi da yaraiazisada nawili Tbilisisa. kaTedra eparqiisa aris mcxeTaSi (sveticxovelSi), xolokaTolikozis rezidencia _ TbilisSi.SeniSvna 1. kaTolikoz-patriarqis samwysos Seadgens saqarTvelos eklesiis wevrni, mcxovrebnisakaTolikozos gareT iseT qveynebSi, sadac marTlmadidebeli episkopozi ar aris.SeniSvna 2. rodesac kaTolikoz-patriarqi gardaicvleba, an mZime avadmyofobisa da sxvamizezTa gamo moklebuli iqmneba saSualebas gauwios xelmZRvaneloba saeklesio marTva-gamgeobas,mis adgils iWers is mRvdelmTavari, mosaydris wodebiT, romlis Sesaxeb kaTolikozpatriarqismdivanTan inaxeba misi uwmindesobis da unetaresobis werilobiTi gankarguleba;mosaydreoba uqmdeba, rodesac kaTolikoz-patriarqi Tavis adgilzea. kaTolikozis gardacvalebisSemdeg kreba unda iyos mowveuli ara ugvianes sami Tvisa.SeniSvna 3. qorepiskopozi SeiZleba hyavdes mxolod kaTolikoz-patriarqs.b) agarak-walkisa, anu axtala penteliTarisa (beStaSenis) (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: agarakisa, bolnisisa, dmanisisa da walkisa), rasac Seicavs raionebibaSkiCeTisa, bolnisisa, borCalosi da walkisa, da lori-bambakis mxare. kaTedra_ axtalaSi (agaraki), rezidencia _ TbilisSi, pativi mRvdelmTavrisa “axtalapenteliTaris(beStaSenis) episkopozi”.g) alaverdisa. samwyso: Sida kaxeTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: alaverdisa,nekresisa da xarWaSenisa), rasac Seicavs Telavisa da yvarlis raionebi daTianeTis raionis nawili xarWiSos ubnis mimatebiT da amaT garda didoeT-dur-ZukeTi, miwerili Tergisa da daRestnis mxareebze. kaTedra _ alaverdSi, rezidencia_ q. TelavSi, pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “alaverdeli episkopozi” (anu abbaalaverdeli).d) awyurisa. samwyso: samcxe-javaxeTi da zemo somxeTi (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: alaSkertisa, anisisa, awyurisa, dadaSenisa, eruSeTisa, karisa, ku-


300 mitropoliti anania jafariZemurdosi, wurwyabisa da wyarosTavisa), rasac Seadgens raionebi adigenisa, aspin-Zisa da axalqalaqisa, axalcixisa da bogdanovkasi, da alaSkerti, artaanis olqi,basiani, gumbris mxare, yarsis olqi da yaRzevanis olqi. kaTedra _ awyverSi,rezidencia _ q. axalcixeSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi - “mawyvereli episkopozi”.e) baTom-Semoqmedisa. samwyso: guria, tao-klarjeTi da WaneTi (teritoriaZveli eparqiebisa: anCisa, banisa, iSxanisa, satrapelasi, tbeTisa, jumaTisa, xinowmidisa_ imave baTumis, Semoqmedisa), rasac Seicavs saqarTvelos respublikissazRvrebSi _ exlandeli raionebi baTomisa, maxaraZisa, qedisa, qobuleTisa, Coxataurisada xulosi, xolo osmaleTis sazRvrebSi olqebi: aTinasi, arTvinisa,TorTomisa, kiskimisa, ispirisa, olTisisa, rizesi, da xofasi. kaTedramRvdelmTavrisa baTomSi, rezidencia _ iqve. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “baTomel-Semoqmedeli episkopozi”.v) bodbisa. samwyso: rani, Saqi, wukeTi da hereTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa:bodbisa, giSisa, Weremisa da xornabujisa), rasac Seicavs raionebi gurjaanisa,kaWreTisa, lagodexisa, siRnaRisa da wiTelwyarosi, da olqebi areSisa,ganjisa, zaqaTlisa, nuxisa, samurisa da yazaxisa. kaTedra _ bodbeSi. rezidencia _q. siRnaRSi, pativi mRvdelmTavris: “bodbeli episkopozi”.z) margveTisa. samwyso: zemo imereTi (teritoria _ nawili gaenaTis Zvelieparqiisa), - exlandeli raionebi zestafonisa, orjonikiZisa, saCxerisa, Cxarisada WiaTurisa. kaTedra _ argveTSi, rezidencia _ saCxereSi. mRvdelmTavris pativi:“margveli episkoposi”.H) manglisisa. samwyso: sabaraTiano (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: manglisisada winwyarosi), rasac Seicavs exlandeli Tbilisis raionis dasavleTis nawili:wyneTi-TeleTis xazidan _ TeTriwyaros raioni. kaTedra _ manglisSi,rezidencia _ TbilisSi. pativi mwyemsmTavrisa: “mangleli episkoposi”.T) nikorwmidisa. samwyso: raWa (teritoria nikorwmidis Zveli eparqiisa),exlandeli raionebi ambrolaurisa da onisa. kaTedra _ nikorwmidaSi, rezidencia_ onSi. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “nikorwmindeli episkopozi”.i) urbnisisa. samwyso: Sida qarTli (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: nawilisamTavisisa, niqozisa, ruisisa, samTavrosi da urbnisisa), rasac Seicavs exlandeliraionebi borjomisa, gorisa, znaurisa, kaspisa, leningorisa, stalinirisa,qarelisa, xaSurisa da javasi da amas garda dvaleTi, miwerili Tergismxareze. kaTedra _ urbnisSi, rezidencia _ q. gorSi. mRvdelTmTavris pativi:“urbneli episkopozi”.ia) quTais-gaenaTisa. samwyso: qvemo-imereTi da okriba (teritoria Zvelieparqiebisa: quTaisisa, xonisa da nawili gaenaTisa), rasac Seadgens raionebivanisa, maiakovskisa (baRdaTisa), samtrediisa, tyibulisa, quTaisisa, wulukiZisa


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli301(xonisa) da wyaltubosi. kaTedra _ quTaisSi, rezidencia _ iqve. mwyemsmTavrispativi: “quTaTel-genaTeli episkopozi”.ib) cagerisa. samwyso: leCxum-svaneTi (teritoria _ cageris Zveli eparqiisa),- exlandeli raionebi zemo svaneTisa, qvemo svaneTisa da cagerisa. kaTedra _cagerSi, rezidencia _ iqve. pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “cagereli episkopozi”.ig) cxum-afxazeTisasa (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: drandisa _ imave cxumisa,bediisa, biWvinTisa da moqvisa), exlandeli afxazeTis sabWoTa avtonomiuri respublikisraionebi gagrisa, galisa, gudauTisa, gulripSisa, oCamCiresi, qluxorisada cxumisa da zugdidis raionis nawili mdinare inguris dasavleTiT. kaTedra _ cxumSi(soxumSi), rezidencia _ iqve, mRvdelTmTavris pativi: “cxum-afxazeTis episkopozi”.id) wilknisa. samwyso: orisave aragvis, qsan-lexuris xeoba, gare qarTli,saguramo da fSav-xevsureTi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa samTavrosi, nawilisamTavisisa da wilknisa), rasac Seicavs raionebi duSeTisa da yazbegisa da nawilisamxreT oseTis avtonomiuri olqisa. kaTedra _ wilkanSi, rezidencia _ (droebiT)sveticxovelTan, pativi mRvdelmTavrisa: “wilkneli episkopozi”.ie) Wyondidisa. samwyso: odiSi (teritoria Zveli eparqiebisa: caiSisa, walenjixisada Wyondidisa), exlandeli raionebi abaSisa, gegeWkorisa, zugdidisa, fo-Tisa, CxorowyuQsa, cxakaiasi, walenjixisa da xobisa. kaTedra _ martvilSi,rezidencia _ q. foTSi. pativi mwyemsmTavrisa: “Wyondideli episkopozi”.SeniSvna: am siis Secvla da Sevseba sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis krebis kompetencias ekuTvnis.mTavari gamgeoba $3. saqarTvelos eklesias ganagebs saeklesio kreba, romelicSesdgeba mmarTvel mRvdelmTavrebisa da kaTolikoz-patriarqis qorepiskopozisagan;mRvdelmTavarTa mier momqmed eparqiebidan mowveul TiTo sasuliero dasaero pirTagan da mcxeTa-Tbilisis eparqiidan imden sasuliero da saero warmomadgenelTagan,ramdenic gamowveul iqmneba danarCen eparqiebidan.SeniSvna 1. avadmyofobis dros mRvdelmTavars ufleba aqvs wargzavnos krebazed Tavisiwarmomadgeneli sasuliero piri.SeniSvna 2. moqmed eparqiad iTvleba, sadac msaxurobs ori mRvdeli mainc.SeniSvna 3. delegatad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes mRvdlis xarisxisagan gandgomili angankveTili.$4. sruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas iwvevs da Tavmjdomareobs kaTolikozi,xolo, roca igi ar aris, misi mosaydre. kreba irCevs prezidiumisdanarCen wevrebs da mdivnebs. kreba moiwveva saWiroebis mixedviT, mTavrobis nebar-TviT. kreba kanonieria, Tu mowveulTa naxevarze meti gamocxaddeba.$5. saqarTvelos eklesiis krebis kompetencias eqvemdebareba: a) adgilobrivisaeklesio kanonmdebloba; b) uzenaesi saeklesio samarTali; g) sabolood garCevada gadawyveta im saqmeebisa, romelTac mas kaTolikozi an misi mosaydre warud-


302 mitropoliti anania jafariZegens; d) arCeva kaTolikozisa; e) Zveli kaTedrebis aRdgena, axali eparqiebisgaxsna an arsebul eparqiaTa daxurva da sazRvrebis gamijvna; v) zrunva sasulierosaswavlebelTa daarsebisa da nivTierad uzrunvelyofisaTvis.$6. kaTolikozi. saWeTmpyroblad (mTavar winamZRvrad) eklesiisa iTvlebamTavarepiskopozi mcxeTisa da tfilisisa da sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikozpatriarqi,romelsac irCevs saqarTvelos eklesiis kreba, faruli xmis micemiT.arCeulad CaiTvleba kandidati, romelic umravles amomrCev xmas miiRebs, magramdamswre amomrCevelT xmebis naxevarze mets.SeniSvna 1. kaTolikoz-patriarqi pasuxismgebelia mxolod krebis winaSe.SeniSvna 2. sakaTolikozo kandidatisaTvis berobis miReba savaldebulo ar aris. fizikurisada zneobrivis mxriv igi unda akmayofilebdes saeklesio kanonTa moTxovnilebas da sasurveliahqondes miRebuli umaRlesi sazogado ganaTleba da Sesaferi saRvTismetyvelo momzadeba.$7. sakrebaTaSoriso periodSi sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis uzenaes ufleba-Ta ganmaxorcielebelia kaTolikoz-patriarqi.$8. kaTolikoz-patriarqi Tavis movaleobaTa aRsrulebis dros xelmZRvanelobssaRmrTo weriliT, msoflio da adgilobriv (maT Soris saqarTveloseklesiis) krebaTa dadgenilebiT da saxelmwifoSi momqmedi kanonmdeblobiT.$9. kaTolikoz-patriarqis kompetencia aseTia: a) is Tavmjdomareobs sruliadsaqarTvelos saeklesio krebas; b) mwyemsmTavrulad mimoixilavs sakaTolikozoseparqiebs da xelmZRvanelobas uwevs episkoposebs saeparqio marTva-gamgeobaSi;g) mis saxels ixsenieben wirva-locvis dros sakaTolikozos mRvdelmTavrebi dasamRvdeloeba; d) zrunva saeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa, qarTuli RvTismetyvelebisayvavebisa da Seuryvnelad dacvisaTvis; e) zrunavs samwysoTa sarwmunoebriv-zneobriviwarmatebisaTvis; v) zrunavs taZarTa, saqvelmoqmedo da sasuliero saganmanaTleblodawesebulebaTa keTilmowyobisaTvis; z) Suamdgomlobs saTanado dawesebulebaTawinaSe saqvelmoqmedo da sasuliero samoswavlo saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebaTadaarsebis Sesaxeb; H) zrunavs samRvdeloebis qonebrivad uzrunvelyofisaTvis;T) zrunavs samsaxuridan gasul samRvdelo pirTa, saeklesio dawesebulebaTamoxeleTa da samRvdeloebis qvriv-obolTaTvis; i) zrunavs saRmrTo dasaeklesio-saRvTismsaxuro wignTa Sesworebisa da gamocemisaTvis; ia) anTavisuflebsmRvdelmTavarTa, Tanaxmad maTis Txovnisa, samsaxuridan; ib) niSnavs reviziassxvadasxva saWiroebaTa da SemTxvevaTa gamo; ig) ganixilavs saeparqio dasakaTolikozos wliur angariSebs; id) zrunavs krebaze gansaxilvel sakiTxTa damuSavebisada masalebis SekrebisaTvis; ie) zrunavs galobis aRdgena-gamSvenebisaTvis;iv) zrunavs uepiskopozod darCenil eparqiaTaTvis; iz) aZlevs droebiTTavisuflebas episkopozebs da daTxovnis sigelebs im episkopozebs, romelnicdroebiT eparqiidan sxvagan sadme midian; iH) iRebs saCivrebs episkopozTa Sesaxebda aZlevs am saCivrebs kanonier msvlelobas; iT) saWiro SemTxvevaSi, aZlevs rCevas


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli303da mwyemsmTavrul SeniSvnas episkopozebs; k) miwer-mowera aqvs sxva avtokefalureklesiebTan da saxelmwifo umaRles dawesebulebebTan.$10. kaTolikozs yvanan TanamSromlebi: rwmunebuli (samoqalaqo dawesebulebebTanurTierTobisaTvis), mdivani da sameurneo nawilis gamge.$11. kaTolikoz-patriarqis da eparqiaTa mRvdelmTavrebis Sesanaxi xarjebiunda gaRebul iqmnas winandeburad: mRvdelmTavarTaTvis samrevloebidan, xolokaTolikoz-patriarqisaTvis sameurneo gamgeobis Tanxidan.SeniSvna: sameurneo gamgeobis Tanxa Sedgeba: kaTolikoz-patriarqis eparqiebis eklesiebisada zedmiweril mRvdelTa Semosavlis, da mRvdelmTavarTa saeparqio Semosavlis gansazRvrul%-dan.sinodi $12. kaTolikoz-patriarqTan arsebobs saeklesio sinodi, romliswevrebad iTvlebian mmarTveli mRvdelmTavrebi da kaTolikoz-patriarqisqorepiskopozi.$13. kaTolikoz-patriarqi, mociqulTa 34-e kanonis Tanaxmad, saWiroebismixedviT iwvevs kaTolikoz-patriarqis TanaQ saeklesio sinods da mimarTavssamwysos saxelmZRvanelo epistoleebiT.$14. kaTolikoz-patriarqi uflebamosilia miuboZos mRvdelmTavarT sapatiotitulebi da jildoebi.SeniSvna: kaTolikos-patriarqs, mRvdelmTavrebs da eklesiebis winamZRvrebs aqvT Tqvifarebida beWdebi saTanado mTavrobis mier registrirebuli.$15. sinodis sxdoma kanonieria, Tu mas daeswreba Tavmjdomare da mowveulwevrTa naxevari.$16. sinodis wevrT ar aqvT ufleba Tavi Seikavon xmis micemisagan.$17. Tu romelime wevri moisurvebs kerZo azris Setanas, movalea gamosTqvasigi sxdomazed da ara ugvianes sami dRisa warudginos werilobiT sxdomis Tavmjdomares,JurnalSi Sesatanad, an dasarTvelad.$18. saqmeebis ganxilvis rigs awesebs Tavmjdomare.$19. sakiTxis aRZvris ufleba aqvs sinodis yvela wevrs, am uflebis gansaxorcielebladsaWiroa werilobiTi gancxadebis Setana kaTolikoz-patriarqis anmisi mosaydris saSvalebiT, romelic movalea aRniSnuli gancxadeba gadascesgansaxilvelad sinodis uaxloes krebas.$20. rodesac sinodSi irCeva saqme sinodis wevris ukanono moqmedebaTa gamo,dainteresebul pirs neba aqvs darCes darbazSi saqmis moxsenebis dros da miawodossinods saWiro ganmarteba, magram, rodesac sinodi Seudgeba ganCinebis gamotanas,ueWvelad unda dastovos darbazi.$21. sinodis ganCinebas xels awers yvelaze uwin Tavmjdomare da mas ukanyvela im sxdomaze damswre wevri, miuxedavad imisa, Tanaxmad iyo igi gamotanilganCinebisa Tu ara.


304 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$22. sakaTolikozoSi arsebuli monastrebi xelmZRvaneloben kaTolikoz-patriarqismier damtkicebul wesdebiT.saeparqio marTva-gamgeoba $23. episkopozi. eparqiaSi kaTolikoz-patriarqisTanaSemwe da sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi cxovrebis xelmZRvaneli aris episkopozi.fizikurad, zneobrivad da gonebrivad saepiskopozo kandidati unda akmayofilebdessaeklesio kanonTa moTxovnilebas.SeniSvna 1. saepiskopozo kandidatisaTvis berad Sedgoma savaldebulo ar aris. magramigi ar SeiZleba iyos coliani.SeniSvna 2. mitropolitebi pativiT episkoposebze maRla dganan; mwyemsmTavarni pativdebuliqmnebian qirotoniis uxucesobis mixedviT.SeniSvna 3. mRvdelmTavars hyavs mdivani, romelic xazinadrobasac asrulebs.$24. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars da qorepiskopozs niSnavs kaTolikoz-patriarqi impirTagan, romelTa saepiskopozo kandidatura mowonebulia mRvdelmTavarTa mier.$25. episkopozi (mitropoliti) aris sakaTedro taZris winamZRvari. miskompetencias ekuTvnis: a) sruli ufleba mTel eparqiaSi moZRvrebisa; b) uflebayovelgvar mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesrulebisa; g) zrunva, raTa mis eparqiaSi morwmunenisaR saeklesio swavlebas icavdnen; d) mas aqvs ufleba axsnas qorwinebis droszogierTi dabrkolebani, romelnic naTesavur kavSiridan gamomdinareoben; e) sarwmunoebrivsaqmeebSi masze damokidebulni arian eparqiis yvela wevrebi; v) missaxels aRavlens wirva-locvis dros mTeli eparqiis samRvdeloeba; z)episkopozsufleba aqvs damnaSave mRvdels mRvdelmoqmedeba aukrZalos, epitemia daados, anumoxsnas, da saWiroebis mixedviT Tavis eparqiisaTvis gamosces werilobiTi gankargulebani.episkopozi valdebulia: a) daemorCilos saeklesio kanonebsa da kaTolikozpatriarqismier gamocemul dadgenilebaTa, xolo roca ama Tu im saeklesiokanonisa an dadgenilebis Sesaxeb gaugebroba rame daebadeba, gansamarteblad kaTolikoz-patriarqsmihmarTos; b) cxoveli kavSiri iqonios samwysosTan da ammizniT xSir-xSirad mimoixilos Tavisi eparqia; g) yvelaferSi daemorCilossruliad saqarTvelos saeklesio krebas; d) sxva eparqiaSi Tavisi nebiT aradaiwyos ra; e) pativiscemiT epyrobodes sxva mRvdelmTavrebs.$26. eparqiis eklesiaTa saWiroebaTa dasakmayofileblad sanTliT, sakmeveliT,SesamoseliT, jvrebiT, gvirgvinakebiT da sxva nivTebiT mRvdelmTavars SeuZliangamoiTxovos saTanado xelisuflebisagan nebarTva xsenebul nivTebis damamzadebelsaxelosnos gaxsnisaTvis.saolqo mmarTveloba $27. olqs saeparqio mTavrobis xelmZRvanelobiTganagebs mTavarxucesi, romelsac niSnavs eparqiis mRvdelmTavari.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli305$28. mTavarxucesi: a) zrunavs samrevloebSi saeklesio cxovrebis mowesrigebisada warmatebisaTvis; b) qvriv-obol-gaWirvebulTaTvis; g) zrunavs moawesrigoskrebulis wevrTa Soris amtydari uTanxmoebani da d) aZlevs krebulis wevrTTavisuflebas ara umetes ori kvirisa.samrevlo $29. samrevlo aris erTis sarwmunoebriv-zneobrivi mizniT, saeklesiomeurneobiT, sakuTaris krebulis xelmZRvanelobiT, saerTo taZris garSemoSemokrebili da episkopozze kanoniurad damokidebuli morwmuneTa sazogadoeba,romelic gatarebulia registraciaSi saTanado samoqalaqo xelisuflebis mier,Tanaxmad morwmuneTagan eparqiis mRvdelmTavris meSveobiT Setanil gancxadebisa.gancxadebas xels unda awerdnen ara umcires 20 srulwlovan morwmunisa.$30. registraciaSi gatarebis Semdeg samrevlo Rebulobs saTanado xelisuflebisagangansakuTrebul xelSekrulebiT uvado da ufaso sargeblobisaTvis taZarsan samlocvelo Senobas da RvTismsaxurebisaTvis saWiro sagnebs, da movaleadaicvas misdami gadacemuli qoneba xelSekrulebis Tanaxmad.$31. samrevlos gaxsna ar SeiZleba, ukeTu morwmuneTa ricxvi imdenad mcirea,rom sakuTari taZrisa da krebulis Senaxva ar SeuZliaT; Tu registraciaSigatarebulma samrevlom da mRvdelmsaxurebma mxvedri gadasaxadi ar (an ver)Seitanes. samrevlo, ssr kavSiris saxkomsabWosTan arsebul marTlmadidebel eklesiissabWos rwmunebulTan SeTanxmebiT, ixureba da mRvdels ekrZaleba RvTismsaxurebisSesruleba.$32 TviTeul samrevlos uWiravs gansazRvruli teritoria, romlis sazRvrebiSeiZleba Seicvalos sxva samrevloebTan SeTanxmebiT da saTanado saeklesio dasamoqalaqo mTavrobis nebarTviT.SeniSvna 1. qalaqSi samrevloTaTvis teritoriuli principis dacva savaldebulo ar aris.SeniSvna 2. erTsa da imave samrevloSi SeiZleba iyos zedmiwerili taZari, romelSiac, TusaWiroeba moiTxovs da mosaxerxebelic iqmneba, sruldeba yovelgvari RvTismsaxureba.$33. samrevlos ganagebs saeparqio mTavrobis zedamxedvelobis qveSe samrevlosabWo, romelic Sesdgeba krebulis yvela wevrTa da ara umcires samis wevrisa,romelTac irCevs samrevlo kreba, sami wlis vadiT. samrevlo sabWos Tavmjdomareobseklesiis winamZRvari, xolo roca igi ar aris, maSin sabWo TviTon irCevsTavmjdomares Tvis Soris. sabWos sxdomebi imarTeba TveSi erTxel, xolo, TusaWiroeba moiTxovs, ufro xSiradac. saqmeebi swydeba ubralo xmis umetesobiT,xolo, roca xmebi Tanabrad iyofa, maSin is azri upiratesobs, romelsac Tavmjdomareemxroba.SeniSvna 1. Tu samrevlo krebisa da sabWos ganCineba eklesiis winamZRvars miaCnia eklesiissazianod, mas SeuZlia ganCinebis sisruleSi moyvanis SeCereba da misi adgilobriv mRvdelmTavarTangansaCivreba, - amis Sesaxeb Tavis azri winamZRvarma unda gamosTqvas krebazedve.SeniSvna 2. sabWos wevrad irCeva rogorc mamakaci, ise dedakaci.


306 mitropoliti anania jafariZeSeniSvna 3. sabWos wevrad ar SeiZleba arCeul iqmnas samRvdelo xarisxiTgan gandgomili,an gankveTili.$34. samrevlo sabWos kompetencia aris: a) eklesiis qonebis marTva-gamgeoba;b) misdami gacemul qonebis movla-patronoba da samoqalaqo mTavrobis winaSepasuxismgebloba; g) miReba keTilmneblobiTi Sewirulebisa da misi daniSnulebisamebrmoxmareba; d) zrunva eklesiisa da krebulis Sesanax saSualebaTa gasa-Zliereblad; e) zrunva taZrisa da RvTismsaxurebis keTilmowyobisaTvis; v) zrunvaqvriv-obolTa da gaWirvebulTaTvis qvelmoqmedebis wesiT; z) aRZvra saqmisaim pirTa winaaRmdeg, romelnic eklesiasa da mis qonebas zians miayeneben; eparqialurimTavrobis mier gamoZiebis moxdenis Semdeg damnaSave, mRvdelmTavris ssrkavSiris saxkomsabWosTan arsebul marTlmadidebel eklesiis sabWos rwmunebulTanSeTanxmebiT, moixsneba adgilidan da mis magier arCeul iqneba sxva piri; H) winaswaridamuSaveba im sakiTxebisa, romelic samrevlo krebam unda ganixilos; T) samrevloqonebisa da Tanxebis yovelTviuri Semowmeba; i) Tavisi moqmedebis wliuri angariSisSedgena mTavarxucesisa da samrevlo krebisaTvis warsadgenad; ia) igi avalebserT-erT wevrs sameurneo nawilis gamgeobas, xolo erT-erT wevrs _ xazindarobasda ib) sabWos davalebiT krebulis wevrs SeuZlia orive Tanamdebobis asruleba.SeniSvna 1. sameurneo nawilis gamged da xazinadrad SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes qalic.SeniSvna 2. samrevlo krebis mier sami kacisagan arCeul sarevizio komisias evaleba kvartal-Si erTxel gaukeTos revizia samrevlo qonebas.$35. krebuli. krebulis aucilebel wevrad iTvlebian: mRvdeli da wignismkiTxveli,xolo, sadac SesaZlebelia - samrevlos diakonic (mTavari).SeniSvna: diakoni da wignis-mkiTxveli arian mxolod Tanamsaxurni mRvdlisa da uimisodaraviTari mRvdelmoqmedebis Sesruleba ar SeuZlianT.$36. eklesiis krebulis wevrs mRvdels, diakons da wignis mkiTxvels niSnavseparqiis mRvdelmTavari.$37. mRvdeli. mRvdeli valdebulia: a) mudam Tavis samrevloSi scxovrobdesda samrevlo ar dastovos, gansakuTrebiT roca iq raime moaruli seni gaCndeba daroca samrevlos gansacdeli ram moelis; b) gansakuTrebul Tval-yurs adevnebdessakuTars yofaqcevas, rogorc sazogadoebaSi, ise Tavis saxlSi; g) aasrulossazogadoebrivi RvTismsaxureba dawesebul dros, sofelSi ki iseT saaTebSi, romelicar SeuSlis xels sasoflo sameurneo muSaobaTa warmoebas; d) mrevlis moTxovnilebisamebraasrulos saWiro mRvdelmoqmedeba; e) Tvalyuri adevnos mrevlSisaeklesio disciplinisa da zneobis dacvas; v) roca samsaxuris dros ama Tu imsakiTxis Sesaxeb eWvi daebadeba, movalea axsna-ganmartebisaTvis mTavarxucess dasaeparqio mTavrobas mimarTos; z) mis upirveles movaleobas Seadgens eklesiaSiqadageba da sazogadod swavla-moZRvreba; H) mRvdeli movalea krebulis sxvawevrTa saSualebiT saeklesio sabuTebi awarmoos.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli307$38. samRvdelo da sadiakvno kandidatebs unda hqondesT sakmao sazogadoganviTareba, icoden saeklesio tibikoni da kiTxva-galoba, rac windawinve undaiqmnes Semowmebuli saeparqio mTavrobis mier.SeniSvna 1. mRvdels neba aqvs Seasrulos RvTismsaxurebis dros diakonis samsaxuri diakonisaveSesamoselSi, xolo ipodiakons neba eZleva kvereqsis warmoTqmisa.SeniSvna 2. wignis-mkviTxvelad SeiZleba arCeul iqmnes qalic.saeklesio samarTali $39. saqarTvelos eklesiis samarTals eqvemdebarebaama eklesiis yvela wevri iseT saqmeebSi saeklesio swavla-moZRvrebisa, zneobrivcxovrebisa, saeklesio wyobilebisa da saeklesio samsaxuris winaaRmdeg, romelTaTvisacsaeklesio kanoniT dadgenilia gansazRvruli sasjeli anu zomebi zRvevisada gasworebisa; mRvdelmoqmedebis aRkveTa, samsaxuridan gadayeneba, eklesiiswevrobidan garicxva, saeklesio epitimiis dadeba morwmuneebze da samRvdelopirebze; jvris weris gauqmebis saqme.$49. kaTolikozi asrulebs uzenaes sasuliero sasamarTlo funqciebs sakrebaTaSorisoperiodSi. yovelive danaSauloba eklesiur-sarwmunoebriv TvalsazrisiT,romelic Seexeba morwmuneTa da samRvdelo pirTa, eqvemdebareba mas.$51. mRvdelmTavarTa Sesaxeb saCivrebs ixilavs da maT Sesaxeb sabolovo msjavrigamoaqvs kaTolikozisTanaQ saeklesio sinods. mRvdelmTavarTa arakanonier moqmedebaTagamo TviT kaTolikozisTanaQ sinodsac aqvs ufleba saqmis aRZvrisa.gadmobeWdilia wignidan - “debuleba saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisaTvis”,1945 w.


308 mitropoliti anania jafariZesaqarTvelos eklesiis XIII gafarToebuli kreba (18-19.09.1995)1995 wlis 18-19 seqtembers sveticxovlistaZarSi Sedga saqarTveloseklesiis gafarToebuli kreba.krebam 19 seqtembers ganixila dadaamtkica debulebis proeqti. wina dRiTkreba gaxsna da Sesavali sityva warmo-Tqva sruliad saqarTvelos kaTalikospatriarqma,uwmidesma da unetaresma iliaII-m. eparqiaTa mmarTvelma mRvdelmTavrebmakrebas movaxseneT eparqiaTa mdgomareobisSesaxeb, dRis wesrigi ganisazRvraramdenime sakiTxiT, romelnic Seexebodnensasuliero ganaTlebis mdgomareobas damisi gaumjobesebis gzebs, sapatriarqosmisionerul programas, axali wmidanebiskanonizirebas. krebam Tavisi gansakuTrebuliyuradReba miapyro momavalRvTismsaxurTa ganaTlebis sakiTxsa daaxali debulebis SemoRebis saWiroebas.debulebis proeqti krebaze warmoadginaTbilisis sasuliero akademiis proreqtorma.krebam wmidanTa dasSi Seracxawmida patriarqi aRmsarebeli ambrosixelaia, wmida mowameni mitropolitinazari krebuliTurT (mRvdlebi germanejajaniZe, ieroTeoz nikolaZe, simon mWedliZe,diakoni besarion kuxianiZe),wmida mRvdelmTavrebi gabriel qiqoZe,aleqsandre oqropiriZe, wmida mRvdelmowamegrigol feraZe, Rirsi mama aleqsiSuSania.krebam gazarda eparqiaTa ricxvi15-is nacvlad Seiqmna 27 eparqia. eklesiismowyobis safuZvlad gamocxadebuliawmida werili da saRmrTo gadmocema,wmida mociqulTa, msoflio, adgilobrivda wmida mamaTa kanonebi dawesdebebi. saqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobrivkrebaTa dadgenilebani (krebismier gamocemuli debuleba), saqarTveloskonstitucia da Sesabamisi kanonebi.saeklesio xelisuflebisa da mmarTvelobisumaRles organod gamocxadebulia`adgilobrivi saeklesio kreba –saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodi,xolo krebebs Soris periodSi umaRlesisaeklesio xelisufali da mmarTveliaris sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqi~.wmida sinodis erT-erT movaleobasme-2 Tavis me-20 muxlis Tanaxmad,warmoadgens `saeklesio kanonebiskrebulis~ gamocema. am mxriv qvemdebarenaSromi warmoadgens am muxlis aRsasrulebladSesrulebul samuSaos.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli309saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebelieklesiis marTva-gamgeobis debuleba(miRebulia saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis gafarToebuli adgilobrivikrebis mier 1995 wlis 18-19 seqtembers, mcxeTa, sveticxoveli)Tavi I. zogadi debulebani $1. saqarTvelos sapatriarqo - saqarTvelosmarTlmadidebeli eklesia aris mravalerovani adgilobrivi avtokefaluri(damoukidebeli) marTlmadidebeli eklesia, romlis did umravlesobas qarTvelimosaxleoba Seadgens. igi imyofeba dogmatur-sarwmunoebriv-liturgikul er-Tianobasa da locviT-kanonikur urTierTobaSi yvela sxva adgilobriv avtokefalurmarTlmadidebel eklesiebTan.$2. saqarTvelos adgilobirivi avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiis(Semdgom - saqarTvelos eklesiis) iurisdiqciaSi Sedian:1. saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi yvela marTlmadidebeli qristiani.2. saqarTvelos sazRvrebs gareT mcxovrebi is marTlmadidebeliqarTvelebi, romlebzedac ar vrceldeba sxva adgilobrivi marTlmadidebelieklesiis iurisdiqcia.3. somxeTis respublikaSi mcxovrebi marTlmadidebeli qristianebi.4. saqarTvelos sazRvrebs gareT mcxovrebi is marTlmadidebeli qristianebi,romlebic ar Sedian sxva adgilobrivi marTlmadidebeli eklesiebis iurisdiqcia-Si da aqvT survili iyvnen saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiisiurisdiqciaSi.$3. saqarTvelos eklesia iyofa eparqiebad, samTavarxucesoebad da samrevloebad.$4. saqarTvelos eklesiaSi Sedis 27 (ocdaSvidi) eparqia maTSi Semavali qalaqebiTada raionebiT:1. mcxeTa-Tbilisis eparqia - q. Tbilisi Tavis raionebiT, q. mcxeTa, mcxeTisada gardabnis raionebi. sof. wilknis, muxranisa da saguramos gamoklebiT.kaTedra da rezidencia _ mcxeTasa da TbilisSi;2. alaverdis eparqia - q. Telavi, q. axmeta, Telavisa da axmetis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi abba alaverdeli”. kaTedra _ alaverdSi,rezidencia _ TelavSi.3. axalcixis eparqia - q. axalcixe, axalcixis, aspinZisa da adigenis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi axalcixeli”. kaTedra da rezidencia _ axalcixesada safaraSi;


310 mitropoliti anania jafariZe4. baTumisa da sxalTis eparqia - q. baTumi, q. qobuleTi, qobuleTis,xelvaCauris, qedas, Suaxevis da xulos raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkopozibaTumisa da sxalTisa”. kaTedra _ baTumsa da sxalTaSi, rezidencia _baTumsa da qobuleTSi;5. bodbis eparqia - q. siRnaRi, siRnaRisa da dedofliswyaros raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi bodbeli”. kaTedra _ bodbeSi, rezidencia _bodbesa da siRnaRSi.6. bolnisisa da dmanisis eparqia - q. bolnisi, q. dmanisi, bolnisisa dadmanisis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi bolnisisa da dmanisisa”.kaTedra da rezidencia _ bolnissa da dmanisSi;7. borjomisa da axalqalaqis eparqia - q. borjomi, q. axalqalaqi, borjomisa,axalqalaqisa da ninowmindis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposiborjomisa da axalqalaqisa”. kaTedra _ borjomSi, rezidencia _ borjomSi,axalqalaqsa da ninowmidaSi;8. vanisa da baRdaTis eparqia - q. vani, vanisa da baRdaTis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi vanisa da baRdaTisa”. kaTedra _ baRdaTSi,rezidencia _ vansa da baRdaTSi;9. zugdidisa da caiSis eparqia - q. zugdidi, q. walenjixa, zugdidisa dawalenjixis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi zugdidisa da caiSisa”.kaTedra _ zudgidsa da caiSSi, rezidencia _ zugdidsa da walenjixaSi.10. manglisisa da walkis eparqia - q. TeTriwyaro, q. walka, TeTriwyarosa dawalkis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi manglisisa da walkisa”,kaTedra da rezidencia _ manglissa da walkaSi;11. margveTis eparqia - q. zestafoni, q. Terjola, zestafonis, Terjolisa daxaragaulis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi margveli”. kaTedra _zestafonSi, rezidencia _ zestafonSi, Terjolasa da xaragaulSi;12. nekresis eparqia - q. yvareli, q. lagodexi, yvarelisa da lagodexisraionebi, masSi aseve Sedian saingilos eklesiebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposinekreseli”. kaTedra _ nekressa da yvarelSi, rezidencia _ yvarelsa dalagodexSi;13. nikorwmindis eparqia - q. ambrolauri, q. oni, ambrolaurisa da onisraionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi nikorwmindeli”. kaTedra _ nikorwmindaSi,rezidnecia _ ambrolaursa da onSi;14. niqozisa da cxinvalis eparqia - q. cxinvali, cxinvalisa da axalgoris,javisa da znauris raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi niqozisa dacxinvalisa”. kaTedra da rezidencia _ niqozsa da cxinvalSi;15. rusTavis eparqia - q. rusTavi, q. marneuli, marneulis raioni. mRvdelmTavriswodeba: “episkoposi rusTavisa”. kaTedra _ rusTavSi, rezidencia _ rusTavsa da marneulSi;


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli31116. samTavisisa da goris eparqia - q. gori, q. kaspi, gorisa da kaspis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi samTavisisa da gorisa”. kaTedra da rezidencia_ samTavissa da gorSi;17. sagarejosa da gurjaanis eparqia - q. sagarejo, q. gurjaani, sagarejosa dagurjaanis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi sagarejosa da gurjaanisa”.kaTedra _ sagarejosa da gurjaanSi, rezidencia _ gurjaansa da ninowmidaSi.18. urbnisisa da ruisis eparqia - q. xaSuri, q. qareli, xaSurisa da qarelisraionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi urbnisisa da ruisisa”. kaTedra _urbnisSi, ruissa da xaSurSi, rezidencia _ xaSurSi;19 foTis eparqia - q. foTi, q. xobi, q. senaki, foTis, xobisa da senakisraionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi foTisa”. kaTedra _ foTSi, rezidencia_ foTSi, xobsa da senakSi;20 quTais-gaenaTis eparqia - q. quTaisi, wyaltubosa da tyibulis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi quTaTel-gaenaTeli”. kaTedra da rezidencia_ quTaissa da gelaTSi.21. Semoqmedis eparqia - q. ozugeTi, q. lanCxuTi, ozurgeTis, lanCxuTisa daCoxatauris raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi Semoqmedeli” kaTedra_ Semoqmedsa da ozurgeTSi, rezidencia _ ozurgeTSi, lanCxuTsa da CoxataurSi;22. cagerisa da svaneTis eparqia - q. cageri, cageris, mestiis da lentexisraionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi cagerisa da svaneTisa”. kaTedra _cagersa da mestiaSi, rezidencia _ cagerSi, mestiasa da lentexSi;23. cxum-afxazeTis eparqia - q. soxumi, q. oCamCire, q. gali, q. gudauTa,q. gagra, soxumis, gulrifSis, galis, oCamCiris, gagrisa da gudauTis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi cxum-afxazeTis”. kaTedra _ soxumSi da axalaTonze, rezidencia _ soxumSi, gudauTasa da gagraSi;24 wilknis eparqia - q. duSeTi, sof. wilkani, muxrani da saguramo, duSeTis,yazbegisa da TianeTis raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi wilkneli”.kaTedra _ wilkanSi, rezidencia _ wilkanSi, duSeTsa da TianeTSi;25. WiaTuris eparqia - WiaTuris da saCxeris raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba:“episkoposi WiaTurisa”. kaTedra _ WiaTuraSi, rezidencia _ WiaTurasa da saCxereSi;26. Wyondidis eparqia - q. abaSa, q. martvili, abaSis, martvilisa daCxorowyus raionebi. mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi Wyondideli”. kaTedra_ martvilSi, rezidencia _ martvilSi, abaSisa da CxorowyuSi;27. xonis eparqia - q. samtredia, q. xoni, samtrediis da xonis raionebi.mRvdelmTavris wodeba: “episkoposi xoneli”. kaTedra _ xonSi, rezidencia _xonsa da samtrediaSi.$5. saqarTvelos eklesia Tavis moRvaweobas axorcielebs Semdeg safuZvelze:1. wmida werili da saRmrTo gadmocema;


312 mitropoliti anania jafariZe2. wmidaTa mociqulTa, wmidaTa msoflio da adgilobriv krebaTa da wmidaTamamaTa kanonebi da wesdebebi;3. saqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobriv krebaTa dadgenilebani;4. saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisdebuleba, saqarTvelos konstitucia da Sesabamisi kanonebi.$6. saqarTvelos eklesia gamoyofilia saxelmwifosagan, damoukidebelia daaxorcielebs masTan urTierTobas saeklesio kanonebis, saxelmwifo konstituciisada Sesabamisi kanonmdeblobis safuZvelze.$7. saeklesio xelisuflebisa da mmarTvelobis umaRles organos warmoadgenssaqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobrivi saeklesio kreba _ saqarTvelos eklesiiswmida sinodi, xolo krebebs Soris periodSi umaRlesi saeklesio xelisufali dammarTveli aris sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi.SeniSvna: saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodi~ aris saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiisadgilobrivi saeklesio krebis meore oficialuri dasaxeleba.$8. saeklesio sasamarTlos ufleba aqvT: saqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobrivsaeklesio krebas - saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinods, sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqs da eparqiis mmarTvel mRvdelmTavars.$9. saqarTvelos sapatriarqo, misi ganyofilebebi, dawesebulebebi, eparqiebi,samrevloebi, monastrebi, sasuliero saswavleblebi da sazRvargareT arsebulisamrevloebi da dawesebulebebi sargebloben iuridiuli piris uflebiT.Tavi II. saqarTvelos adgilobrivi marTlmadidebeli eklesiis saeklesiokreba - saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodi $1. saqarTvelos eklesiaSiumaRlesi xelisufleba moZRvrebis, saeklesio mmarTvelobisa da saeklesiosasamarTlos sferoebSi, anu - sakanonmdeblo, aRmasrulebeli da sasamarTloxelisufleba ekuTvnis saqarTvelos eklesiis saeklesio krebas - saqarTveloseklesiis wmida sinods.$2. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis wmida sinods iwvevs sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi (an misi mosaydre) saWiroebis mixedviT, weliwadSiaranakleb orjer da Tavmjdomareobs mas.$3. saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodis wevrebi arian saqarTvelos eklesiiseparqiaTa mmarTveli mRvdelmTavrebi da sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqisqorepiskoposebi.$4. saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodi:1. ganmartavs wmida werilisa da wmida gardamocemis safuZvelze marTlmadidebelieklesiis swavlebas. zrunavs sxva adgilobriv avtokefalur marTlmadidebeleklesiebTan dogmatur-sarwmunoebrivsa da kanonikur erTianobaze.2. ixilavs da wyvets kanonikur, saRvTismsaxuro, samoZRvro da sxva sakiTxebs,romlebic exebian eklesiis saSinao da sagareo moRvaweobas.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli3133. uzrunvelyofs saqarTvelos eklesiis erTianobas. icavs marTlmadidebelisarwmunoebis siwmidesa da qristianul zneobas.4. adgens axal wmidanTa aRiarebas (kanonzomierebas) da Sesabamis RvTismsaxurebas.5. zrunavs eklesiasa da saxelmwifos Soris samarTlebriv urTierTobebze,eklesiis kanonebis, saeklesio krebebis dadgenilebebis, saqarTvelos avtokefalurimarTlmadidebeli eklesiis marTva-gamgeobis debulebis, saxelmwifos konstituciisada kanonebis Sesabamisad.6. iRebs principul gadawyvetilebebs sxva avtokefalur marTlmadidebel eklesiebTanurTierTobis Sesaxeb.7. Sesabamisi saSualebebiT gamoxatavs Tavis damokidebulebas saxelmwifoSi damTel msoflioSi momxdari movlenebisa da wamoWrili problemebis Sesaxeb.8. qmnis an auqmebs eparqiebs, cvlis maT teritoriul sazRvrebsa da saxelwodebebs.9. irCevs saqarTvelos eklesiis mRvdelmTavrebs da axdens maT xeldasxmas.10. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, kaTolikos-patriarqis winadadebiT, gadahyavsmRvdelmTavrebi erTi eparqiidan meoreSi.11. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi iRebs gadawyvetilebas mmarTveli mRvdelmTavrebispensiaSi gasvlis Sesaxeb.12. ismens mmarTveli mRvdelmTavrebis moxsenebebs eparqiis mdgomareobis Sesaxeb.13. adgens proceduras yvela saeklesio sasamarTlosaTvis.14. ganawesebs saeklesio jildoebs.15. amtkicebs, cvlis, auqmebs da ganmartavs Tavis dadgenilebas, romlebicSeexebian saeklesio cxovrebas.16. sxvadasxva sakiTxis Sesaswavlad qmnis specialur komisiebs.wm. sinodi zrunavs:17. saqarTvelos eklesiis saSinao da sagareo moRvaweobis mniSvnelovanisaRvTismetyvelo problemebis gadaWrisaTvis.18. wm. werilis teqstis dacvisa, Targmnisa da gamocemisaTvis.19. saRvTismsaxuro wignebis teqstebis dacvis, gasworebisa da gamocemisaTvis.20. saeklesio kanonebis krebulis, sasuliero da saero saswavleblebisSesabamisi saxelmZRvaneloebis, saRvTismetyvelo literaturisa da periodikisgamocemisaTvis.21. sasuliero ganaTlebis srulyofisaTvis.22. sasuliero pirTa da eklesiis saero TanamSromelTa pensiiT uzrunvelyofisaTvis.23. saeklesio saganZuris aRricxvis, dacvisa da SevsebisaTvis.$5. saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodis Tavmjdomare aris sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqi an mis mier daniSnuli sapatriarqo taxtis mosaydre.$6. wmida marTlmadidebeli eklesiis kanonebis Tanaxmad, is saeklesio kreba,romelic ar aris mowveuli kaTolikos-patriarqis an mosaydris mier, ukanonoa.


314 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$7. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodi aris pirveli da ukanaskneli instanciasaqarTvelos eklesiaSi, romelic uflebamosilia gaasamarTlos mRvdelmTavari,ganixilos misi moRvaweobis dogmaturi da kanonikuri cdomileba.$8. saqarTvelos eklesiis saeklesio kreba aris pirveli da ukanaskneli instanciasaqarTvelos eklesiaSi, romelic sasamarTlo wesiT ganixilavs konfliqtebsmRvdelmTavrebs SorisSeniSvna: yovelgvari saCivris gareSe saqarTvelos eklesiis saeklesio kreba uflebamosiliapasuxi agebinos im mRvdelmTavars, romelic cxadad arRvevs saeklesio kanonebsa dawesdebebs.$9. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodi aris ukanaskneli instancia im sasulieroda saero pirebisaTvis, romlebsac eparqiis mmarTvelma mRvdelmTavarma miusajamRvdelmsaxurebis akrZalva, samRvdelo xarisxidan gankveTa, sikvdilamde uziareblobaan eklesiidan gankveTa (anaTema); agreTve im sasuliero da saero pirebisaTvis,romlebsac aqvT sakmarisi safuZveli TavianTi eparqiis mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris ganaCenis gasaCivrebisaTvis.$10. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodze gadawyvetilebis miReba xdeba xmebisumravlesobiT. xmebis Tanabrad gayofis SemTxvevaSi miRebuli iqneba is gadawyvetileba,romlebsac emxroba krebis Tavmjdomare _ sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi(an mosaydre).$11. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodi amtkicebs Tavisi sxdomebis CatarebisdRis wesrigs, programasa da reglaments.$12. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodze daswreba saqarTvelos eklesiismRvdelmTavrebis kanonikuri valdebulebaa. mRvdelmTavars SeuZlia ar daeswroswm. sinodis sxdomas avadmyofobis an sxva iseTi mniSvnelovani mizezis gamo,romelsac wm. sinodi sapatiod cnobs. Tu mRvdelmTavari arasapatio mizezis gamoar gamocxaddeba wm. sinodze, maSin es eqvemdebareba mTeli krebisagan Zmur Segonebasan mRvdelmoqmedebisagan droebiT ganyenebas.$13. Tu mRvdelmTavari mniSvnelovani mizezis gamo ver daeswreba wm. sinodissxdomas, maSin is valdebulia wm. sinods werilobiT moaxsenos Tavisi Sexedulebagansaxilvel sakiTxebze.$14. wm. sinodis arc erT wevrs ar SeuZlia xmis micemisagan Tavis Sekaveba. TumRvdelmTavari ar eTanxmeba miRebul dadgenilebas, man es imave sxdomaze undaganacxados, xolo sxdomidan sami (3) dRis ganmavlobaSi werilobiT unda waradginosTavisi mosazreba, romelic daerTveba saeklesio krebis oqmebs.$15. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodis dadgenilebebi savaldebuloa saqarTveloseklesiis yoveli wevrisaTvis.$16. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodis dadgenilebebs pirvelad xels awerskrebis Tavmjdomare - sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi (an mosaydre),


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli315Semdeg krebis wevrebi upiratesobis mixedviT, miuxedavad imisa, eTanxmebian Tu araganxilul sakiTxebze miRebul gadawyvetilebas.$17. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis wm. sinodis dadgenilebebi Zala-Si Sedian miRebisTanave, Tu dadgenileba ar iTvaliswinebs sxva vadebs.$18. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis wm. sinodis sxdomis mowvevisadgils irCevs sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi (an mosaydre).Tavi III. saqarTvelos eklesiis gafarToebuli kreba $1. saqarTveloseklesiis gafarToebul saeklesio krebas iwvevs sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqian sapatriarqo taxtis mosaydre.$2. saqarTvelos eklesiis gafarToebuli krebis mowveva xdeba mxolod orSemTxvevaSi:1. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis arCevisas.2. saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobis axali debulebis damtkicebisas.$3. saqarTvelos eklesiis gafarToebuli krebis SemadgenlobaSi Sedian:a) wm. sinodis yvela wevri.b) yoveli eparqiidan mowveuli ori sasuliero da erTi saero piri, TiToeulimonastridan, aseve sasuliero akademiebidan da seminariebidan warmodgenili2-2 delegati, gelaTis mecnierebaTa akademiidan - 4 delegati da mcxeTa-Tbilisiseparqiidan imdenive warmomadgeneli, ramdenic iqneba mowveuli yvela danarCenieparqiidan.$4. msoflio saeklesio krebaTa dadgenilebebis Tanaxmad, mRvdelmTavarnigafarToebul saeklesio krebaze monawileoben xmis uflebiT, xolo samRvdelo dasamonazvno dasi, aseve saeroni monawileoben saTaTbiro xmis uflebiT.$5. saqarTvelos eklesiis gafarToebul krebaze sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqisbrZanebiT SeiZleba mowveulni iyvnen mecnier-eqspertebi.Tavi IV. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi $1. saqarTveloseklesiis saWeTmpyrobeli aris sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi damcxeTa-Tbilisis mTavarepiskoposi.$2. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqobis kandidati unda akmayofilebdesSemdeg moTxovnebs:- erovnebiT unda iyos qarTveli,- unda iyos saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis mRvdelmTavari,- unda hqondes saRvTismetyvelo ganaTleba da saeklesio mmarTvelobis sakmarisigamocdileba,- asakiT unda iyos aranakleb ormoci wlisa da araumetes samocdaaTi wlisa,- unda iyos beri.


316 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$3. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqs irCevs saqarTvelos eklesiisgafarToebuli kreba.$4. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi gardacvalebis, gadadgomisan sxva iseTi mizezis gamo, romelic SeuZlebels xdis kaTolikos-patriarqisaTvisTavis movaleobis Sesrulebas, kaTolikos-patriarqis mier dadgenili sapatriarqotaxtis mosaydre marTavs eklesias axali kaTolikos-patriarqis arCevamde.$5. im SemTxvevaSi, roca sapatriarqo taxtis mosaydre dadgenili ar aris,qirotoniiT upiratesi mRvdelmTavari avtomaturad xdeba mosaydre.$6. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis gardacvalebis Semdeg qirotoniiTupiratesi mRvdelmTavari wm. sinodis wevrTa umravlesobis TandaswrebiTxsnis kaTolikos-patriarqis mier datovebul anderZs da acxadebs sapatriarqotaxtis mosaydris vinaobas.$7. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikoz-patriarqis anderZiT dadgenili sapatriarqotaxtis mosaydrisadmi kanonikuri morCileba saqarTvelos eklesiis yoveliwevris movaleobaa.$8. sapatriarqo taxtis daqvrivebidan 40 dRis Semdeg, magram ara ugvianes oriTvisa, sapatriarqo taxtis mosaydre iwvevs saqarTvelos eklesiis gafarToebulkrebas, romelzedac moxdeba sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis arCeva.$9. saqarTvelos eklesiis gafarToebuli krebis win mosaydre iwvevs wm. sinods,sapatriarqo kandidatebis SesarCevad.$10. wm. sinodi irCevs gafarToebul krebaze warsadgen sam kandidats.$11. wm. sinodis yvela wevrs aqvs ufleba warmoadginos erTi sapatriarqokandidati, maT Soris Tavisi Tavic.$12. sami sapatriarqo kandidati, romlebic miiReben xmaTa umravlesobas,kenWs iyrian gafarToebul krebaze, rogorc patriarqobis kandidatebi.$13. gafarToebuli krebis yvela monawiles aqvs ufleba gamoTqvas azri kandidatisSesaxeb.$14. kaTolikos-patriarqis arCevis kenWisyraSi monawileobas iReben mxolodmRvdelmTavrebi.$15. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqad arCeulad CaiTvleba is kandidati,romelic miiRebs krebis monawile mRvdelmTavarTa xmebis naxevarze mets.$16. Tu verc erTi kandidati ver miiRebs xmaTa naxevarze mets, tardeba xelmeorekenWisyra, romelSic monawileobas miiRebs is ori kandidati, romelic pirvelkenWisyraSi miiRebs xmaTa umravlesobas.$17. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis aRsaydreba (intronizacia)xdeba mcxeTis sveticxovlis wm. aTormet mociqulTa saxelobis sapatriarqo taZarSi.$18. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis arCeva, marTlmadidebluritradiciis Tanaxmad, xdeba samudamod (kaTolikos-patriarqis gardacvalebamde).


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli317$19. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis sruli titulia: uwmidesida unetaresi, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi da mcxeTa-TbilisismTavarepiskoposi didi meufe, mamaQ Cveni...$20. yvela sasuliero piri movalea RvTismsaxurebis dros moixsenos sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis saxeli saqarTvelos eklesiis iurisdiqciaSiSemaval yvela taZarSi, rogorc saqarTveloSi, aseve mis sazRvrebs gareT, SemdegiformuliT: “uwmidesi da unetaresi, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqida mcxeTa-Tbilisis mTavarepiskoposi didi meufe, mamaQ Cveni (saxeli)”.$21. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis pativis niSnebia: Zowisferimantia, Savi sapatriarqo kunkul-bartyuli jvriTa da frTebze gamosaxuliserafimebiT, ori panaRia da jvari, didi paramani da jvris win gaZRolis ufleba.$22. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqs aqvs Tavisi tvifri da beWedi.$23. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi aris mcxeTa-Tbilisis eparqiismmarTveli mRvdelmTavari.$24. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis uSualo iurisdiqciaSi imyofebianrogorc Tbilisis sionis, mcxeTis sveticxovlis, gelaTis, moqvis dagonios sakaTedro taZrebi, aseve yvela stavropigialuri monasteri.$25. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi iwvevs da TavmjdomareobssaqarTvelos wm. sinods da gafarToebul krebas.$26. krebaTa Soris periodSi saqarTvelos eklesiis umaRlesi saeklesio xelisufalida mmarTveli aris sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi.$27. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi Tavis moRvaweobas axorcielebsSemdeg safuZvlebze:1. wmida werili da saRmrTo gadmocema;2. wmidaTa mociqulTa, wmidaTa msoflio da adgilobriv krebaTa da wmidamamaTa kanonebi da wesdebebi;3. saqarTvelos eklesiis adgilobriv krebaTa dadgenilebebi;4. saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisdebuleba, saqarTvelos konstitucia da Sesabamisi kanonebi.$28. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi axorcielebs pirveli instanciissasamarTlos funqciebs mcxeTa-Tbilisis eparqiis marTlmadidebeliqristianebisaTvis, xolo meore instanciis sasamarTlos funqciebs saqarTveloseklesiis danarCeni eparqiebis marTlmadidebeli qristianebisaTvis, romelTac sakmarisisafuZveli aqvT gaasaCivron TavianTi mmarTveli mRvdelmTavris ganaCeni.$29. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi uflebamosilia mamamTavruliSeniSvna misces an saeklesio sasjeli Seufardos saqarTvelos eklesiis iurisdiqciaSiSemaval samRvdeloebas, ber-monozvnebsa da eriskacebs da Seatyobinos amisSesaxeb eparqiis mmarTvel mRvdelmTavars.


318 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$30. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi:1. zrunavs saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis saeklesio dadgenilebebisganxorcielebisaTvis.2. zrunavs saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis ierarqiis erTianobaze.3. xels awers saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodis dadgenilebebsa da sxvasaerTo-saeklesio dokumentebs.4. urTierTobas amyarebs sxva avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiis saWeTmpyrobelebTan,agreTve sxva aRmsareblobis xelmZRvanelobasTan, rogorc saqarTvelosavtokefaluri eklesiis saxeliT, aseve Tavisi piradi saxeliTac.5. aris saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis sruluflebiani warmomadgenelisaxelmwifos xelisuflebis winaSe.6. axorcielebs umaRles zedamxedvelobasa da kontrols yvela saeklesio saqmeze.7. zrunavs Tavisufal samRvdelmTavro kaTedrebze, maT Sevsebaze.8. zedamxedvelobs da xelmZRvanelobs axali mRvdelmTavris arCevas. sxvamRvdelmTavarTan erTad axdens axali mRvdelmTavris xeldasxmas. aZlevs mas “dadginebissigels”.9. zedamxedvelobas uwevs mRvdelmTavrebs saeparqio marTva-gamgeobaSi. mwyemsmTavruladmimoixilavs saqarTvelos eklesiis iurisdiqciaSi Semaval eparqiebs.10. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi avalebs mRvdelmTavrebs, sxva kanonebiT gaTvaliswinebulimizezebis gamo, Tavisufali eparqiis droebiT mmarTvelobas.11. aZlevs mRvdelmTavrebs Zmur rCevebsa da mwyemsmTavrul SeniSvnebs, rogorcmaTi piradi cxovrebis, aseve samRvdelmTavro movaleobis Sesrulebis Sesaxeb. maTimxridan uyuradRebobis SemTxvevaSi mimarTavs saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinods.12. iRebs gansaxilvelad saqmeebs mRvdelmTavrebs Soris warmoSobili gaugebrobebisSesaxeb. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis gadawyvetilebaorive mxarisaTvis savaldebuloa.13. iRebs saCivrebs mRvdelmTavrebze da aZlevs maT kanonier msvlelobas.14. nebarTvas aZlevs mRvdelmTavrebs samsaxurebrivi saqmeebis gamo sazRvargareTgamgzavrebaze.15. amtkicebs eparqiebis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavrebis yvela zogadsaeklesiomniSvnelobis gadawyvetilebas.16. aRyavs mRvdelmTavrebi dadgenil saeklesio wodebebSi da aZlevs maT saeklesiojildoebs.17. ganixilavs mRvdelmTavarTa angariSgebas eparqiis mdgomareobis Sesaxeb,aZlevs maT Sefasebas da iRebs saWiro zomebs.18. niSnavs revizias sxvadasxva saWiroebaTa da SemTxvevaTa gamo.19 aqvs stavropigiebis daarsebis ufleba.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli31920. amtkicebs, xolo gansakuTrebul SemTxvevaSi TviTon niSnavs monastrebiswinamZRvrebs.21. zrunavs marTlmadidebeli RvTismetyvelebis gavrcelebisaTvis, zedamxedvelobsda xelmZRvanelobs qristianul swavla-ganaTlebas.22. niSnavs da amtkicebs sasuliero saswavleblebis reqtorebsa da proreqtorebs.amtkicebs samecniero-saRvTismetyvelo wodebebisa da xarisxebis miniWebas,zedamxedvelobas uwevs saswavlo komitets.23. zedamxedvelobs da xelmZRvanelobs qristianul ganaTlebas saero saswavlodawesebulebebSi.24. eklesiis saWiroebisamebr niSnavs samRvdelo an saero pirebs saqarTvelossazRvrebs gareT samsaxurisaTvis.25. samRvdelo da saero pirebs aniWebs dadgenil saeklesio jildoebs.26. zrunavs wmida mironis droulad momzadebisaTvis da akurTxebs mas.27. saqarTvelos sapatriarqosTan qmnis da auqmebs sameurneo-sawarmoo ganyofilebebs,organizaciebsa da dawesebulebebs, romlebic saqmianobas axorcielebenTavianTi wesdebebisa da saxelmwifos Sesabamisi kanonmdeblobis Tanaxmad.28. zrunavs wmidanTa saflavebis dacvisa da gamSvenebisaTvis.29. zrunavs eklesiebis aRdgena-restavraciaze da axali taZrebis mSeneblobaze.Tavi V. sruliad saqarTvelos sapatriarqo $1. “sruliad saqarTvelossapatriarqo” agreTve ewodeba im dawesebulebaTa erTobliobas, romlebic uSualodsruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqs eqvemdebarebian.$2. sruliad saqarTvelos sapatriarqo, misi ganyofilebebi da samsaxurebimowodebulni arian daexmaron kaTolikos-patriarqs aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebisganxorcielebaSi da angariSvaldebulni arian mis winaSe.$3. sruliad saqarTvelos sapatriarqos ganyofilebebsa da samsaxurebsqmnis, maT xelmZRvanelebs niSnavs da aTavisuflebs sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqi.$4. sruliad saqarTvelos sapatriarqos ganyofilebebisa da samsaxurebis moRvaweobasaregulireben Sesabamisi wesdebebi, romlebsac amtkicebs sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqi.$5. sruliad saqarTvelos sapatriarqos ganyofilebebi da samsaxurebi arianzedamxedveli da makoordinirebeli organoebi eparqiebSi moqmedi analogiuridawesebulebebisa.$6. saqarTvelos sapatriarqo, misi ganyofilebebi, dawesebulebebi, eparqiebi,samrevloebi, monastrebi, sasuliero saswavleblebi da sazRvargareT myofi samrevloebida dawesebulebebi sargebloben iuridiuli piris uflebiT.


320 mitropoliti anania jafariZeTavi VI. eparqia $1. saqarTvelos eklesia iyofa eparqiebad, romlebsacmarTaven mRvdelmTavrebi. eparqia Sedgeba olqebSi (samTavarxucesoebSi) gaer-Tianebuli samrevloebisagan da am eparqiis teritoriaze ganlagebuli monastrebisagan.$2. “eparqia” ewodeba saqarTvelos eklesiis im nawils, romelsac kanonikuradmarTavs sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqisa da wm. sinodis mierdadgenili eparqiis mRvdelmTavari.$3. eparqiebis sazRvrebs saqarTvelos teritoriaze adgens saqarTvelos mar-Tlmadidebeli eklesiis wm. sinodi saxelmwifos administraciul-teritoriulidayofis gaTvaliswinebiT. saqarTvelos sazRvrebs gareT eparqiebis sazRvrebidgindeba saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodis gadawyvetilebiT.$4. yovel eparqiaSi arseboben saeparqio mmarTvelobis organoebi, romlebicmoqmedeben saeklesio kanonebiTa da saqaraTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadideblurimarTva-gamgeobis debulebiT.$5. saeklesio saWiroebebisaTvis eparqiebSi SeiZleba Seiqmnas saTanado dawesebulebani,romelTa moRvaweobac ganisazRvreba sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqislocva-kurTxeviT, saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodis dadgenilebiT.$6. saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinods ufleba aqvs aRadginos Zveli da gaxsnasaxali eparqiebi, gaauqmos romelime arsebuli, Seucvalos dasaxeleba da teritoriulisazRvrebi.Tavi VII. mRvdelmTavari $1. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari, wmida mociqulebidanmomdinare uwyveti ierarqiuli xeldasxmis madliT, aris eparqiis saWeTmpyrobelida misi kanonikuri mmarTveli.$2. eparqiis mRvdelmTavris arCeva da dadgineba xdeba saqarTvelos eklesiiswmida sinodis mier. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi aZlevs eparqiismRvdelmTavars “dadginebis sigels”.$3. eparqiis mRvdelmTavrebi atareben wodebas, romelSic Sedis eparqiis saxelwodeba.mRvdelmTavarTa wodebebi ganisazRvreba saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinodiskrebis mier.$4. samRvdelmTavro kandidati unda akmayofilebdes Semdeg pirobebs:1. asakiT unda iyos aranakleb ocdaTxuTmeti (35) wlisa.2. unda gamoirCeodes sarwmunoebrivi da zneobrivi siwmidiT.3. unda hqondes Sesaferisi saRvTismetyvelo da saero ganaTleba.4. unda iyos beri.$5. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars aqvs sarwmunoebrivi da zneobrivi swavlebis, mRvdelmoqmedebisada moZRvrebis sruli ierarqiuli uflebamosileba.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli321$6. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqTanSeTanxmebiT asrulebs sasuliero pirebis xeldasxmas, iZleva locva-kurTxevasberad da monozvnad aRkvecaze da niSnavs maT msaxurebis adgilebze, agreTve niSnavseparqiis dawesebulebebis yvela TanamSromels.$7. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars ufleba aqvs kaTolikos-patriarqTan SeTanxmebiTmiiRos Tavis eparqiaSi samsaxurisaTvis sxva eparqiidan gadmosuli sasulieropiri, Tu mas aqvs Tavisi episkoposisagan “gantevebis sigeli”. agreTve mRvdelmTavarsufleba aqvs gauSvas Tavisi eparqiidan sxva eparqiebSi sasuliero pirebi da miscesmaT “gantevebis sigelebi”.$8. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari aris umaRlesi zedamxedveli eparqiaSi Semavalmonastrebze da dawesebulebebze, garda stavropigialurisa, romelic uSualodkaTolikos-patriarqs eqvemdebareba.$9. eparqiis mRvdelmTavris Tanxmobis gareSe saeparqio mmarTvelobis organoebisverc erTi gadawyvetileba ver ganxorcieldeba.$10. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars ufleba aqvs mimarTos eparqiis mrevls sam-RvdelmTavro epistoleTi.$11. eparqiis yvela taZarSi RvTismsaxurebis dros saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqissaxelis Semdeg aRevlineba eparqiis mRvdelmTavris saxeli.$12. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari valdebulia sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqswarudginos dadgenili formiT yovelwliuri angariSi eparqiiscxovrebisa da Tavisi moRvaweobis Sesaxeb.$13. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari:1. icavs sarwmunoebriv da zneobriv siwmides.2. pasuxismgebelia saqarTvelos eklesiis saeklesio krebebis dadgenilebebisada sxva saeklesio wesdebebis Sesrulebaze Tavis eparqiaSi.3. zedamxedvelobs saeklesio wesrigs da RvTismsaxurebis swor aRsrulebas.4. saeklesio kanonebis Sesabamisad mogzaurobs Tavis eparqiaSi, mimoixilavseparqiis samrevloebs da akontrolebs maT an uSualod, an Tavisi uflebamosiliwarmomadgenlebis meSveobiT.5. zedamxedvelobs eparqiis samRvdeloebis moRvaweobas.6. aZlevs sasuliero pirebsa da momsaxure personals Svebulebas erTi Tvis vadiT.7. zrunavs sasuliero pirTa ganaTlebis donis asamaRleblad.8. zedamxedvelobs da xelmZRvanelobs samRvdelo kandidatebis saRvTismetyvelomomzadebas.9. ebrZvis eparqiaSi gavrcelebul yvela borot da mwvaleblur swavlebas.10. zrunavs, rom samRvdeloebis qadageba Seesabamebodes wmida marTlmadidebelieklesiis swavlebas.11. zrunavs mrevlis sulieri da zneobrivi donis asamaRleblad.


322 mitropoliti anania jafariZe12. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis winaSe Suamdgomlobs Rirseulisasuliero pirebisa da eriskacebis dasajildoeblad.13. kaTolikos-patriarqTan SeTanxmebiT akurTxebs eparqiaSi Semaval taZrebsda xels asxams sadiakvno da samRvdelo kandidatebs.14. zrunavs mowyalebisa da qvelmoqmedebis saqmeebze.15. aarsebs misiisa da evangelizaciis centrebsa da misionerul skolebs.$14. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari valdebulia hqondes eparqiis sasuliero pirTasruli sia da monacemebi.$15. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari valdebulia, mosTxovos eparqiaSi Semavali monastrebiswinamZRvrebsa da olqebis mTavarxucesebs maTdami daqvemdebarebuli monastrebisada olqebSi moRvaweobis yovelwliuri angariSi.$16. eparqiis mRvdelmTavris nebarTvis gareSe eparqiaSi RvTismsaxurebis aRsrulebaaravis ar SeuZlia.$17. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari aris eparqiaSi umaRlesi sasamarTlo xelisufali.saeklesio kanonebis mixedviT mas ufleba aqvs:1. mwyemsmTavruli SeniSvna misces sasuliero pirebs, gamoucxados maT sayveduri,gadaayenos Tanamdebobidan, daados epitimia da aukrZalos mRvdelmoqmedeba.2. mwyemsmTavruli SeniSvna misces eriskacebs, daados epitimia da dasajosisini uziareblobiT.3. Seamsubuqos sasjeli.4. saeklesio kanonebis Sesabamisad gadawyvitos saeklesio qorwinebisa da ganqorwinebissakiTxebi.$18. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari valdebulia, RvTismsaxurebis dros aRavlinossruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis saxeli.$19. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari valdebulia daemorCilos umaRles saeklesioxelisuflebas (saqarTvelos eklesiis wm. sinods da kaTolikos-patriarqs), Seatyobinosmas eparqiaSi yvela mniSvnelovani movlena da ar moimoqmedos iseTi ram,rac mis uflebas aRemateba.$20. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari valdebulia mudmivad imyofebodes Tavis eparqiaSi.mas eparqiidan wasvla mxolod kaTolikos-patriarqis nebarTviT SeuZlia.$21. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars ar eqvemdebarebian eparqiis teritoriaze ganlagebulistavropigialuri monastrebi, saswavleblebi da dawesebulebani.$22. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars ufleba aqvs sapatriarqosTan SeTanxmebiT Seqmnasda daamtkicos saeklesio-saqvelmoqmedo sazogadoebani, samrevloebTan arsebuliZmobebi da maTi wesdebebi.$23. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars unda hyavdes saeparqio sabWo da daniSnos misiwevrebi da TanamSromlebi.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli323$24. eparqiis mRvdelmTavari aris Tavisi eparqiis saeklesio qonebis umaRlesizedamxedveli, da igi pasuxismgebelia am qonebaze wmida sinodisa da kaTolikospatriarqiswinaSe.$25. daqvrivebul eparqias droebiT marTavs kaTolikos-patriarqis mier daniSnulimRvdelmTavari. am dros ar tardeba araviTari RonisZiebani saeparqiocxovrebis reorganizaciisaTvis da ar xdeba araviTari cvlilebani winamRvdelmTavris mmarTvelobis periodSi dawyebul samuSaoebSi.$26. eparqiis daqvrivebisas saeparqio sabWo daluqavs saeparqio daxls dayvela dawesebulebas; xolo saqarTvelos sapatriarqo gamoyofs komisias, romelicrevizias gaukeTebs eparqiis qonebas da Seadgens Sesabamis aqts axlad daniSnulimRvdelmTavrisaTvis gadasacemad.$27. saqarTvelos eklesiis mRvdelmTavrebis xeldasxma sruldeba mcxeTis sveticxovliswmida aTormetTa mociqulTa saxelobis sapatriarqo taZarSi.$28. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars aqvs Tavisi tvifri da beWedi.$29. samocdaTxuTmeti (75) wlis asakis miRwevisas eparqiis mRvdelmTavarivaldebulia sTxovos kaTolikos-patriarqs pensiaSi gasvlis nebarTva.$30. eparqiis mRvdelmTavars ufleba ara aqvs TviTneburad Sevides da unebar-Tvod aRasrulos mRvdelmoqmedeba sxvis eparqiaSi.Tavi VIII. saeparqio sabWo $1. saeparqio sabWo aris saTaTbiro, kolegialuriorgano, romelic eparqiis mRvdelmTavars exmareba eparqiis mmarTvelobaSida uSualod mas eqvemdebareba.$2. saeparqio sabWos daniSnulebaa mRvdelmTavarTan erTad ganixilos eparqiismmarTvelobasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi.$3. saeparqio sabWos wevrebsa da mis TanamSromlebs niSnavs da aTavisuflebsmmarTveli mRvdelmTavari.$4. saeparqio sabWos Tavmjdomare aris eparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavari.$5. saeparqio sabWos wevrebi arian: mRvdelmTavari, oTxi sasuliero da orisaero piri. isini unda gamoirCeodnen maRali zneobiT, sulierebiT, SesabamisisaRvTismetyvelo ganaTlebiT da cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebiT.$6. saeparqio sabWos sxdomebi imarTeba regularulad, kvartalSi erTxel dasaWiroebisamebr.$7. saeparqio sabWos hyavs Tavisi mdivani, romelsac niSnavs eparqiis mRvdelmTavarisabWos wevrTagan. mdivani pasuxismgebelia sxdomebisaTvis saWiro masalebismomzadebasa da saTanado oqmebisa da dokumentaciis Sedgenaze.$8. saeparqio sabWos sxdomebis oqmebze xels awers sabWos yvela wevri.$9. mmarTveli mRvdelmTavari aris eparqiis umaRlesi sasamarTlo xelisufali.saeparqio sabWo rCevebiTa da mosazrebebiT exmareba eparqiis mRvdelmTavarssasamarTlo xelisuflebis ganxorcielebaSi.


324 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$10. saeparqio sabWo saTanado ganxilvis Semdeg, saTaTbiro xmisuflebiT warudgens eparqiis mRvdelmTavars sasamarTlo saqmes. mmarTvelmRvdelmTavars gamoaqvs ganaCeni, rogorc eparqiis umaRles sasamarTloxelisufals.$11. saeparqio sabWos is wevri, romelsac raime piradi interesi akavSirebsmocemul sasamarTlo saqmesTan, mis ganxilvaSi ar monawileobs.$12. saeparqio sabWo kompetenturia ganixilos Semdegi saxis sasamarTlo saqmeebi:1. sasuliero pirTa da eriskacTa mier sarwmunoebisagan gandgoma;2. maT mier saeklesio da zneobrivi kanonebis darRveva;3. saeklesio qorwineba da ganqorwineba;4. da sxva sakiTxebi, romlebic exebian saeklesio marTlwesrigs.$13. saeparqio sabWos sasamarTlo saqmeebs ixilavs “saqarTvelos eklesiissaeklesio sasamarTlos Sesaxeb wesdebis” Sesabamisad.Tavi IX. olqebi (samTavarxucesoebi) $1. saqarTvelos eklesiis eparqiebiiyofa olqebad (samTavarxucesoebad).$2. olqebis xelmZRvanelebi arian mTavarxucesebi, romlebsac niSnavs da aTavisuflebseparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavari.$3. mTavarxucesi aris eparqiis mRvdelmTavris mier daniSnuli zedamxedveli,romlis movaleobaSi Sedis olqis farglebSi saeklesio marTlwesrigis dacva.$4. olqSi gaerTianebuli samrevloebis raodenobas gansazRvravs eparqiismmarTveli mRvdelmTavari.$5. olqis mTavarxucess ufleba aqvs misdami daqvemdebarebul olqSi moagvarosuTanxmoebebi sasuliero pirTa, eklesiis TanamSromelTa da, agreTve, sasulieropirTa da eklesiis TanamSromelTa Soris.$6. olqis mTavarxucesi SeiZleba iyos saeparqio sabWos wevri.$7. olqis mTavarxucesi yovel weliwads eparqiis mmarTvel mRvdelmTavarswarudgens angariSs dadgenili formiT olqis mdgomareobasa da Tavisi moRvaweobisSesaxeb.$8. yovel olqSi samRvdeloeba Tavisi wridan irCevs moZRvarTmoZRvars, romelsacamtkicebs eparqiis mRvdelmTavari.$9. moZRvarTmoZRvars sasuliero pirebma regularulad unda Caabaron aRsareba.Tavi X. samrevlo $1. saqarTvelos eklesiis eparqiebi iyofa olqebad,xolo olqebi _ samrevloebad.$2. samrevlo _ es aris taZarTan gaerTianebuli marTlmadidebel qristianTasazogadoeba, romelic Sedgeba samRvdelo da saero pirTagan, samrevlo _ es ariseparqiis nawili, romelic imyofeba eparqiis mRvdelmTavris kanonikuri mmarTvelobis qveS.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli325$3. samrevlos xelmZRvanelobs eparqiis mRvdelmTavris mier daniSnuli winamZRvari,romelsac marTa-gamgeobaSi samrevlo sabWo exmareba.$4. axali samrevloebis daarseba an samrevlos gauqmeba xdeba eparqiis mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris locva-kurTxeviT.$5. samrevlos aucileblad unda hqondes erTi taZari an samlocvelo saxli.samrevlo taZrebis, samlocvelo saxlebisa da saydrebis aSeneba, gamSveneba daSekeTeba xdeba eparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavris nebarTviT.$6. samrevloSi samRvdelo pirs niSnavs da aTavisuflebs eparqiis mmarTvelimRvdelmTavari.$7. samrevlos samRvdelo piri _ winamZRvari1. sasurvelia mudmivad cxovrobdes samrevlos teritoriaze; igi valdebuliaTviTneburad ar miatovos Tavisi mrevli, gansakuTrebiT maSin, rodesac samrevloSigavrcelebulia epidemia an sxva raime safrTxe emuqreba mas.2. mudmivad unda ataros sasuliero wodebis Sesabamisi samoseli.3. ar unda iyos dakavebuli iseTi saqmeebiT, romlebic ar Seesabameba sasulierowodebas.4. ar unda eswrebodes sasuliero wodebisaTvis Seuferebel gasarTob sanaxaobebs.5. mudam unda kiTxulobdes wmida werilsa da wm. mamaTa Sromebs, ecnobodessaRvTismetyvelo literaturas, qadagebdes.6. saTanadod unda aRasrulos saeklesio RvTismsaxureba da mRvdelmoqmedeba.7. unda izrunos taZarsa da saeklesio Senobis garemontebasa da gamSvenebaze.8. unda izrunos RvTismsaxurebisaTvis saWiro nivTebis SeZenaze, Senaxvasa da dacvaze.9. unda izrunos saeklesio disciplinasa da zneobaze, SeniSvnebi da darigebebimisces damnaSaveebs.10. zustad unda Seasrulos eparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavris gankargulebanida miTiTebani.11. unda izrunos avadmyofebze, qvriv-oblebsa da glaxakebze.12. unda awarmoos saeklesio sabuTebi; weros samrevlo matiane, izrunosarqivis Sevsebaze.13. unda izrunos samrevlo biblioTekis mowyobaze.14. yvela mniSvnelovani sakiTxis gadawyvetisas unda mimarTos eparqiis mmarTvelmRvdelmTavars an olqis mTavarxucess.15. unda ebrZolos samrevloSi gavrcelebul crurwmenasa da mwvaleblobas.16. zedamxedveloba unda gauwios saeklesio TanamSromlebis mier TavianTimovaleobis saTanadod aRsrulebas.17. unda izrunos saeklesio qonebaze, awarmoos sainventarizacio wigni. igipasuxismgebelia eparqiis mRvdelmTavris, kaTolikos-patriarqisa da wm. sinodiswinaSe saeklesio qonebaze.


326 mitropoliti anania jafariZe18. unda moiwvios samrevlo sabWos sxdomebi TveSi erTxel.19. unda moiwvios samrevlos kreba weliwadSi erTxel, romelsac TviTonTavmjdomareobs.20. unda warudginos olqis mmarTvelsa da eparqiis mRvdelmTavars yovelwliuriangariSi samrevlos mdgomareobisa da Tavisi moRvaweobis Sesaxeb.$8. samrevlos samRvdelo pirs - winamZRvars SeuZlia Svebuleba aiRos da datovosTavisi samrevlo erTi TviT, eparqiis mRvdelmTavris locva-kurTxeviT.$9. mrevlis yoveli wevri unda iyos marTlmadidebeli aRmsareblobis piri,romelsac cocxali kavSiri aqvs Tavis samrevlo taZarTan.$10. mrevlis yoveli wevri valdebulia daeswros RvTismsaxurebas, regularuladCaabaros aRsareba da eziaros, daicvas saeklesio kanonebi, iswrafodes sulier-zneobrivisrulyofisaken da iRvwodes samrevlos keTildReobisaTvis.$11. samrevlos krebis wevrebi arian am samrevlos wevri sasuliero da saero pirebi.$12. samrevlo kreba, erTi (1) wlis vadiT irCevs samrevlo sabWos wevrebs,romlebsac amtkicebs eparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavari.$13. samrevlo sabWo Sedegeba eklesiaSi momsaxure yvela sasuliero da samisaero pirisagan.$14. samrevlo sabWos Tavmjdomare aris samrevlos winamZRvari.$15. mRvdelmTavarTan SeTanxmebiT samrevlo sabWo saero pirTagan erTi wlisvadiT niSnavs mnes, romelic aRricxavs eklesiis Semosaval-gasavals, risTvisaciqmneba specialuri wigni. yovelTviurad samrevlo sabWo akontrolebs samrevlosfulad da materialur saxsrebs. darRvevis SemTxvevaSi damnaSaves winamZRvris wardginebiTmRvdelmTavari adebs sasjels an aTavisuflebs mas.$16. winamZRvris gardacvalebis an sxvagan gadayvanis SemTxvevaSi samrevlosabWo amowmebs samrevlos qonebas; aRwers da Seadgens Sesabamis aqts, romelsacgadascems eparqiis mRvdelmTavarsa da mis mier daniSnul winamZRvars.$17. samrevlo sabWo angariSvaldebulia eparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavris winaSe.$18. yovel samrevlos ukavia gansazRvruli teritoria (qalaqebis samrevloebisgarda), romlis sazRvrebis Secvlis ufleba mxolod eparqiis mmarTvelmRvdelmTavars aqvs.$19. samrevlos gauqmebis SemTxvevaSi misi kuTvnili qoneba gadadis eparqiismflobelobaSi.$20. samrevlos winamZRvars aqvs Sesabamisi tvifri da beWedi.Tavi XI. monastrebi $1. monasteri aris savane, romelSic cxovrobs damoRvaweobs berebis an monozvnebisagan Semdgari krebuli. am krebulis berebi anmonozvnebi gaerTianebulni arian upovrebis, uqorwineblobisa da morCilebisaRTqmiT da Tavisi cxovreba miZRvnili aqvT ubiwoebisa da locvisadmi.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli327$2. monastrebis daarsebis nebarTvas iZleva sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi,an wm. sinodi eparqiis mmarTveli mRvdelmTavris wardginebiT dakanonikuri proceduris dacviT.$3. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqs aqvs ufleba stavropigialurimonastrebis daarsebisa saqarTvelos sapatriarqos iurisdiqciaSi Semaval mTelteritoriaze.$4. stavropigialuri monastrebi Sedian uSualod sruliad saqarTvelos ka-Tolikos-patriarqis iurisdiqciaSi.$5. eparqiis teritoriaze arsebuli sxva monastrebi eqvemdebarebian mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris iurisdiqcias.$6. monastrebi sargebloben iuridiuli piris uflebiT, aqvT beWedi da tvifri.$7. saqarTvelos eklesiis yvela monastris Sevseba xdeba mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris locva-kurTxevis Tanaxmad marTlmadidebeli aRmsareblobis pirebiT,romelTac ber-monozvnuri cxovrebis survili aqvT.$8. monastrebi Tavis moRvaweobas axorcieleben “saqarTvelos eklesiismonastrebisa da ber-monozvnobis Sesaxeb debulebis” Tanaxmad. yovel monastersSeiZleba hqondes Tavisi specifikuri tibikoni, magram igi unda Seesabamebodes“debulebas” da damtkicebuli unda iyos kaTolikos-patriarqis anwmida sinodis mier.$9. monastrebs ufleba aqvT hqondeT metoqebi, romelTa daarsebis nebarTvasiZleva kaTolikos-patriarqi an wm. sinodi. metoqi ewodeba taZars, Tavisi kuTvniliSenoba-nagebobiT, romelic imyofeba monastris gamgeblobaSi, magram mdebareobsmis sazRvrebs gareT (SesaZlebelia sxva eparqiis teritoriaze). metoqismoRvaweoba regulirdeba “saqarTvelos eklesiis monastrebisa da ber-monoznobisSesaxeb debulebiT”, agreTve im monastris tibikoniT, romlis kuTvnilebasac esmetoqi warmoadgens. metoqi Sedis im mRvdelmTavris iurisdiuqciaSi, romelieparqiis teritoriazec igi mdebareobs.Tavi XII. saeklesio finansebi da qoneba $1. saqarTvelos eklesia uzrunvelyofsTavis materialur moTxovnilebebs TviTdafinansebis safuZvelze.$2. misi finansebi iqmneba: morwmuneTa nebayoflobiTi SemowirulobiT, saeklesiowesebis aRsrulebis SemowirulobiT, saeklesio sawarmoebis mier gamoSvebuliproduqciis realizaciiT da sxva saeklesio-sameurneo saqmianobiT.$3. centraluri saeklesio biujeti sapatriarqoSi iqmneba eparqiebis, stavropigialurimonastrebisa da sxva saeklesio-sameurneo dawesebulebebis mier gadaricxulifuladi saxsrebiT, romlis procentul raodenobas gansazRvravs wm. sinodi.$4. saerTo-saeklesio finansebis ganmkargavni arian sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqi da wm. sinodi.


328 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$5. sapatriarqos ganyofilebebis dawesebulebebis dafinanseba xdeba saerTosaeklesiosaxsrebidan, garda im ganyofilebebisa, romlebsac SeswevT TviTdafinansebisunari.$6. eparqiis biujeti iqmneba samrevloebis, monastrebisa da saeparqiosameurneodawesebulebebis Semosavlidan wm. sinodis mier dadgenili procentisgadaricxviT.$7. saerTo-saeparqio fuladi saxsrebis ganmkargavi biujetis farglebSi arismmarTveli mRvdelmTavari, romelic awarmoebs saeklesio daniSnulebiT gacemuliTanxis aRricxvas.$8. samrevloebis fuladi saxsrebi iqmneba: morwmuneTa nebayoflobiTi Semowirulobebisda sapatriarqodan gacemuli sanTlis, saeklesio literaturis dasxva nivTiebis realizaciiT miRebuli Semosavlisagan.$9. samrevlos fuladi saxsrebis ganmkargavi biujetis farglebSi aris samrevlowinamZRvari da samrevlo sabWo.$10. monastrebis fuladi saxsrebi iqmneba iseve, rogorc samrevloebisa. maTiganmkargavi biujetis farglebSi aris monastris winamZRvari.$11. sasuliero saswavleblebis dafinanseba xdeba im eparqiis saerTo-saeklesiofuladi saxsrebidan, sadac mdebareobs es saswavlebeli da saswavleblis daqvemdebarebaSimyofi sameurneo dawesebulebebis Semosavlidan.$12. sasuliero saswavleblebis xarjTaRricxvas amticebs eparqiis mRvdelmTavarisruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqTan SeTanxmebiT.$13. sasuliero saswavleblis fuladi saxsrebis ganmkargavi biujetis farglebSiaris reqtori da pedsabWo.$14. saeklesio Tanxebi inaxeba bankSi Sesabamisi saeklesio dawesebulebis saxelze.$15. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi da wmida sinodi axdenensaerTo-saeklesio da saeparqio fuladi saxsrebisa da qonebis revizias. aseTireviziis ganxorcielebisaTvis maT mier iqmneba specialuri sinodaluri komisia.$16. saqarTvelos sapatriarqosa da stavropigialuri monastrebis fuladisaxsrebisa da qonebis revizias axdens sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqismier daniSnuli komisia.$17. eparqiis samrevloebis, monastrebisa da dawesebulebebis fuladi saxsrebisada qonebis revizias axdens kaTolikos-patriarqis an eparqiis mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris mier daniSnuli sarevizio komisia.$18. saqarTvelos eklesiis eparqiebs, monastrebs, samrevloebs, saeklesiodawesebulebebs, sasuliero saswavleblebs, saeklesio-sameurneo dawesebulebebsufleba aqvT flobdnen uZrav-moZrav qonebas, miwis nakveTs, aiRon arendiT, aaSenonda SeiZinon Senoba-nagebobebi da sxv. kaTolikos-patriarqis kurTxeviT aqvTufleba qadagebisaTvis isargeblon masobrivi informaciis saSualebebiT da sxv.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli329$19. saeklesio qonebis marTva da gankargva xdeba saeklesio kanonebis, saxelmwifoSimoqmedi kanonmdeblobis da “saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebelieklesiis marTva-gamgeobis debulebis” Tanaxmad.$20. saqarTvelos sapatriarqosa da eparqiebis biujetSi Semosavlebidan gadasaricxprocents adgens saqarTvelos eklesiis wmida sinodi.$21. eparqiebis, monastrebis, samrevloebisa da sxva saeklesio dawesebulebebisfuladi saxsrebi mRvdelmTavrebisa da winamZRvrebis mier mxolod saeklesio miznebisaTvisunda iqnes gamoyenebuli.$22. eklesiaSi akrZalulia iseTi sanTlebisa, an sxva saeklesio nivTebisgayidva, romlebic ar aris damzadebuli sapatriarqos sameurneo dawesebulebebismier.$23. saqarTvelos eklesiis mTel kanonikur teritoriaze sanTlebis, saeklesioliteraturisa Tu sxva nivTebis realizacia xdeba sapatriarqos mier dadgenilifasebis mixedviT.Tavi XIII. sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebi $1. saqarTveloseklesiis sasuliero saswavleblebi warmoadgenen umaRles da saSualo specialursaswavlo dawesebulebebs, romlebic amzadeben:1. RvTismsaxurTa kadrebs saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiisaTvis.2. samecniero da pedagogiur kadrebs saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiissaWiroebisaTvis.3. saRvTismetyvelo sagnebis kvalificiur pedagogiur kadrebs umaRlesi dasaSualo saero saswavleblebisaTvis.$2. saqarTvelos eklesiis saeklesio saswavleblebi: gimnaziebi, liceumebi,skolebi, sabavSvo baRebi da sxv. warmoadgenen saSualo da dawyebiT saswavlodawesebulebebs, romlebic emsaxurebian momavali Taobis marTlmadidebeli sarwmunoebiTaRzrdas.$3. sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebi eqvemdebarebian sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqis umaRles mmarTvelobas.$4. sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebi kanonikurad Sedian im mmarTvelimRvdelmTavris iurisdiqciaSi, romlis eparqiis teritoriazec isini arian ganlagebuli.$5. sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebis daarseba da gauqmeba xdeba sruliadsaqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis brZanebiT.$6. sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebis marTva da moRvaweoba xdeba“saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis sasuliero saswavleblebis Sesaxebdebulebis” safuZvelze.


330 mitropoliti anania jafariZe$7. sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebisaTvis saswavlo programas adgenssapatriarqosTan arsebuli saswavlo komiteti.$8. sapatriarqosTan arsebuli saswavlo komiteti valdebulia Seamowmos saswavloprocesis mimdinareoba sasuliero da saeklesio saswavleblebSi da zedamxedvelobagauwios programebis ganxorcielebas.Tavi XIV. sapensio anazRaurebis Sesaxeb $1. saqarTvelos eklesia sasulieropirebisa da TanamSromlebis sapensio anazRaurebas awarmoebs “saeklesiopensiis Sesaxeb debulebis” safuZvelze.Tavi XV. “saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiismarTva-gamgeobis debulebaSi” cvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxeb $1. “saqarTvelosavtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiis marTva-gamgeobis debuleba” Zala-Sia saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis gafarToebuli krebis mier misi miRebisTanave.$2. adre arsebuli “debuleba saqarTvelos eklesiis marTva-gamgeobis Sesaxeb”gauqmebulia.$3. “saqarTvelos avtokefaluri marTlmadidebeli eklesiis marTva-gamgeobisdebulebaSi” cvlilebebis Setanis ufleba aqvs mxolod saqarTvelos eklesiiswmida sinods.gadmobeWdilia wignidan - “saqarTvelos avtokefaluri, marTlmadidebeli eklesiismarTva-gamgeobis debuleba”, mcxeTa, sveticxoveli, 1995.2002 wlis 17 oqtombris wmida sinodis dadgenilebiT zemoaRniSnuleparqiebs daemata ramdenime axali eparqia da kanonizebul iqna axali wmidanebi,maT Soris wmida kirion kaTalikosi, klarjeli mamebi, eqvTime TayaiSvilida sxv.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli331nawili mesamesaqarTvelos eklesiismimdinare krebebi


332 mitropoliti anania jafariZe


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli333Tavi pirvelimimdinare krebebi IV-XVIII saukuneebSiSesavalisaqarTvelos wmida eklesia aTaswleulTa manZilzeuwyveti Tanamonawilea msoflio saeklesio cxovrebisa,amitomac odiTganve misTvis savaldebulo iyoaRsruleba msoflio saeklesio, adgilobrivi krebebisda wmida mamaTa mier SemuSavebuli sayovelTaosaeklesio kanonebisa.kanonikuri samarTali ZvelTaganve moiTxovda weliwadSi ramdenime saeklesiokrebis mowvevas, Sesabamisad IV s-dan Cvens dromde (TiTqmis 1600 wlis manZilze)saqarTveloSi aTasobiT saeklesio kreba unda yofiliyo mowveuli. samwuxarod,aseTi didi odenobis miuxedavad, aqamde sul ramdenime kreba iyo gamovlenilida Seswavlili. mizezi amisa ara marto isaa, rom saeklesio samarTlis mecnierulSeswavlas saqarTveloSi mxolod XIX s-is bolosa da XX s-is dasawyisSi CaeyarasafuZveli, romelic maleve Seaferxa aTeisturma reJimma, aramed agreTve isic, rommiuxedavad mowveul krebaTa siWarbisa, maT Sesaxeb pirdapiri cnobebi metad mcireraodenobiT SemorCa, ZiriTadad `sjuldebis wignebSi~, tipikonebSi, saeklesio dasamonastro krebulTa ganCinebebSi, `dawerilebSi~, sigel-gujrebsa da sxva saeklesiosamarTlis aqtebSi, romelnic iv. javaxiSvilis SefasebiT, Tumca moqmedisaeklesio samarTlis piruTvnel sabuTebs warmoadgenen, magram maTSi kvlevisSesabamisi masalis moZieba did SromasTanaa dakavSirebuli.Cvens mier gamovlenili iqna IV-XX ss-Si Semdgari 100-mde saeklesio kreba,maT Soris 15 sakanonmdeblo, IV-XVIII ss-Si Semdgari 21 da XIX-XX ss-Si Semdgari50-mde mimdinare saeklesio kreba, maT garda 9 msoflio da saerTaSorisomniSvnelobis kreba, romelTa muSaobaSic qarTveli episkoposebi monawileobdnen.


334 mitropoliti anania jafariZesazogadod, saeklesio krebebs yofen or ZiriTad jgufad, pirvelia is krebebi,romelTac kanonSemoqmedebiTad iRvawes da Sesabamisi saeklesio samarTlis Zeglebicgamosces, meorea mimdinare saeklesio krebebi, romelnic Seikribnen mniSvnelovanisakiTxebis gadasaWrelad, magram kanonebi ar gamouciaT.Cven calke wignad gamovyaviT `saqarTvelos saeklesio sakanonmdeblo krebebi~(Tb., 2003), masSi ganxilulia saqarTvelos 15 sakanonmdeblo kreba. aRsaniSnavia,rom TiToeul krebas Tan davurTeT mis mier gamocemuli kanonebi, amitomacaRniSnuli wigni saeklesio sakanonmdeblo Zeglebis erTgvar qrestomaTias warmoadgens,rac aseve siaxlea.winamdebare wignSi ganxilulia IV-XVIII ss-Si Semdgari mimdinare saeklesiokrebebi, sul ganxilulia 21 saeklesio kreba, maTgan zogierTi marTalia SedgasaqarTvelos farglebs gareT, magram mieZRvna saqarTvelos saeklesio sakiTxebs.mniSvnelovan krebaTa nawils Tan erTvis maT mier gamocemuli saeklesiosamarTlis Zeglebi.Cvens mier ganxilul krebebs saxelebi mivakuTvneT mowvevis adgilis mixedviT(magaliTad, ganxilul periodSi TbilisSi mowveul iqna 4 saeklesio kreba, maTSoris, Tbilisis I saeklesio kreba Sedga XII s-Si, xolo IV Sedga XVIII s-Si).krebaTa SeswavliT dadasturda, rom saqarTvelos eklesia, viTarca avtokefaluri,ganagebda sakuTar saeklesio samarTals, amasTanave, mas viTarca saxelmwifoebriviTvisebebis mqones, xeli miuwvdeboda samoqalaqo-administraciul mmarTvelobasada samarTalze (amiT iyo gamowveuli magaliTad bagrat kurapalatis samarTalSi101, 102, 103-e da sxva muxlebis gaCena, romelTagan erT-erTis gansazRvriT `meoremefe episkoposi aris da qristianTa sjulisa damamtkicebeli~ (`sjuli~ - kanonsewodeboda Zvel saqarTveloSi).krebaTa Seswavla adasturebs n. maris Sefasebas, rom `Zvel saqarTveloSi saeroda sasuliero Zalauflebis erToba warmoadgenda udavo faqts~. sasuliero dasaero xelisuflebis erTobis gamomxatvelia mwignobarTuxucesis (Wyondideliepiskoposis) mefis Semdeg meore saxelmwifo piris Tanamdebobis daweseba. saqarTveloSisaeklesio krebebs iwvevda mefe, amave dros saxelmwifo darbazs, Cans imis gamo,rom igi Tavisi SemadgenlobiT gamoxatavda simfoniur (harmoniul) kavSirssaeklesio da saero xelisuflebas Soris, ufleba eniWeboda ganexila saeklesiosakiTxebi da mieRo dadgenileba (kaTalikosTa, umaRles ierarqTa, episkoposTa damrevlis warmomadgenelTa monawileobiT) saeklesio sakiTxebis Sesaxeb.Seswavlili saeklesio krebebis analizi adasturebs Zveli qarTuli istoriografiisdabejiTebul mtkicebas iurisdiqciis sazRvrebis (kerZod, rom IV s-danqarTuli eklesiis iurisdiqciaSi Sedioda ara mxolod aRmosavleT saqarTvelo,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelo (Tavdapirvelad mdinare egriswylamde, Semdeg kimdinare klisuramde), saeklesio enis da sxvaTa Sesaxeb.vloculobT, raTa Cvenma Sromam xeli Seuwyos qarTuli saeklesio samarTlisSeswavlis gaRrmavebis saqmes.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli335episkoposTa Sekrebani mefe mirianisa davaxtang gorgasalis dros (IV-V ss.)cnobil kanonists T. balsamonsrogorc qarTuli aseve sxva avtokefalurieklesiebis TavisTavadobis safuZvladmiaCnda II msoflio krebis me-2kanoni, romelSic, kerZod, naTqvamia:`TiToeul samTavros (eparqias) ganagebsamave samTavros kreba nikeaSi gansazRvrulikanonis Tanaxmad, xolo warmarTTaSoris arsebuli ucxo tomTa eklesiebiunda ganagon mamaTa mier dawesebuliZveli kanonebis mixedviT~. 70 am kanonisTanaxmad, balsamons miaCnda, rom yovelsaxelmwifoSi arsebul eklesias ganagebdaadgilobrivi saeklesio kreba. 71msoflio krebebs, rogorc wesi,iwvevdnen jer romis, Semdeg ki bizantiisimperiaSi, maT farglebs gareT e.w.warmarT barbarosTa, anu ZvelqarTuliTTu vityviT, `barbarozebrTa warmarTTaSoris~ mcxovrebi qristiani xalxebiseklesiebi, aRniSnuli II msoflio krebisme-2 kanonis Sesabamisad, imarTeboda`mamaTa mier dawesebuli Zveli kanonebismixedviT~. safiqrebelia, rom II msofliokrebis me-2 kanoni `warmarTTa Sorisarsebul ucxo tomTa eklesiebSi~gulisxmobda rom-bizantiis imperiissazRvrebs gareT moqceul eklesiebs. mar-Tlac, saqarTvelos saxelmwifo imyofebodaimperiis gareT. maSasadame, misieklesia `mamaTa mier dawesebuli Zvelikanonebis~ Sesabamisad unda emarTaT. amkanonTa Soris IV s-is bolos, 381 wels,Semdgari II msoflio kreba, Cans, gulisxmobdamociqulTa kanonebis 34-e muxls,romelSic naTqvamia: `yvela eris episkoposebmaunda icodnen maT Soris pirvelida Tavi episkoposi da araferi zedmetiar unda gaakeTon mis gareSe... magramnurc pirveli episkoposi nu gaakeTebsnurafers sxvebTan SeTanxmebisgareSe, vinaidan mxolod ase SeiZlebaaResrulos erTneboba da ididos Rmer-Ti uflis mier suliwmidiT~. 7270didi sjulis kanoni, saqarTvelos eklesiis kalendari, 1987, gv. 211; 71 saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis istoria, I, 1996, gv. 185; 72 didi sjulis kanoni, iqve, gv. 166.


336 mitropoliti anania jafariZezemoT moyvanili kanonebidan Cans, romTavisTavad eklesiaSi uTuod unda iyosramdenime episkoposi, romelTa krebacmarTavs am eklesias, xolo eklesiis TavsirCeven am eklesiis episkoposebi. ismiskiTxva: hyavda Tu ara qarTul eklesiasIV s-sa da V s-is pirvel naxevarSiramdenime episkoposi? zogierTi mecnierisazriT, aRniSnul epoqaSi qarTuleklesiaSi iyo mxolod da mxolod erTiepiskoposi, isic ucxoeli mRvdelmTavrismier daniSnul-xeldasxmuli.Cven viciT, rom qarTuli eklesiaorganizaciuli saxiT Camoyalibda IVs-is dasawyisSi (324-326 wlisaTvis).ruis-urbnisis Zeglisweris Tanaxmad, mefemirianis dros imperator konstantinesmivlinebiT Camosul antioqiis patriarqsevstaTis dauarsebia igi. maSasadame,Tu es marTlac ase moxda, igi(eklesia) unda emarTaT qristian msoflioSiim droisaTvis miRebuli saeklesiokanonebis Sesabamisad, romelTa SesaxebaczemoT visaubreT, kerZod, qarTulieklesia unda emarTa episkoposTa krebas,xolo eklesias unda hyoloda episkoposTamier arCeuli `pirveli~, anu mTavariepiskoposi.nikeis I msoflio krebis me-5 kanonisTanaxmad, TiToeul `samTavroSi~, anuromaul provinciaSi weliwadSi orjerunda Catarebuliyo episkoposTa kreba.samTavros episkoposTa saerTo krebazeunda garCeuliyo sadavo saqme sajarod,samarTlianad, yvelas mxardaWeriT. imdroisaTvis weliwadSi ori kreba undamowveuliyo: erTi _ marxvamde, meore kirTvlis dros. 73romis imperiaSi qristianobis saxelmwifosarwmunoebad aRiarebis Semdegdidi, sameufeo qalaqebis episkoposebiTavianT mezoblad mdebare provinciebzeavrcelebdnen xelisuflebas, rac daadasturaI msoflio krebis me-6 kanonma,magram, rogorc aRiniSna, II msofliokrebis me-2 kanonis Tanaxmad, imperiisfarglebs gareT mdebare eklesiebi `mamaTakanonebis Sesabamisad imarTeboda~, e.i.meti TavisuflebiT, sakuTari, adgilobrivitradiciebisa da Zveli saeklesioCvevebis gaTvaliswinebiT. s. janaSiasmixedviT, qarTul eklesiaSi ara erTi,aramed episkoposTa simravle arsebobda.igi wers: `raki qarTlSi qristianobasaxelmwifoebriv sarwmunoebad gadaiqca,qarTlis eklesiamac iseTive wyobilebamiiRo, rogoric hqonda TviT qarTlissamefos. ase xdeboda sxva qveyneb-Sic. calke saerisTaoebis saqmeebs ganagebdnenepiskoposebi, romelnic emor-Cilebodnen qarTlis, anu mcxeTis mTavarepiskoposs.episkoposebs eqvemdebarebodnenxucesebi, anu mRvdlebi~. 74s. janaSias Tanaxmad, CvenSi vaxtanggorgaslamde imdenive saepiskoposo yofila,ramdeni saerisTavoc iyo qarTlissamefoSi. b. mWedliSvilis mixedviT ki,episkoposebis ricxvi gacilebiT metiSeiZleba yofiliyo: `gaqristianebamdesaxelmwifoSi yvela qalaqsa Tu mniSvnelovandabas Tavisi episkoposi undahyoloda, zogan oric. sxvagvarad qristianuliqveynis statusi da eklesiisstruqtura warmoudgenelia. amasTan, CvenqvemoT vnaxavT, rom saqarTveloSi V s-is bolos 30-ze meti episkoposi moRvaweobda.juanSeri CamoTvlis, sad dasvavaxtangma episkoposebi... am siis mixedviT,sakuTriv qarTlSi mxolod oriepiskoposi Cans, mcxeTis da niqozis,73didi sjulis kanoni, iqve, gv. 179; 74 s. janaSia, Sromebi, t. 4, gv. 74.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli337Tbilisic ki, romelic TiTqosda vaxtangmadaaarsa, eklesiis mesveuris gareSeaRmoCnda. garda amisa, ra vuyoT sxvaZvel qalaqebs - ufliscixes, armazcixes,kasps, nekress, tyetba-gulgulas,ujarma-kawareTs, gaCian-curtavs, samSvildesada sxva CvenTvis ucnob qalaqebsada dabebs. amdenad juanSeris episkoposTasia asaxavs mxolod vaxtangismier dasmul episkoposTa raodenobas daara episkoposTa ricxvs. Tavis drozeiv. javaxiSvilma miaqcia juanSeris cnobebisSeusabamobas yuradReba da aRniSna:`juanSeris sityvebidan iseTi daskvnisgamotana SeiZleba, TiTqos mas mxolodimaTi dasaxeleba sdomebodes,romelnic antioqiis patriarqma akurTxa,magram maSin marto juanSeris am cnobazedayrdnoba SeuZlebelia~. maSasadame,iv. javaxiSvili gamoyofda `uZvelesxanas~, romelic vaxtang gorgasalamdegulisxmobs. am `uZveles xanaSi~ mTavarepiskoposebixelmZRvanelobdnen qarTuleklesias. `mTavar~ an `Tavi episkoposTaAs~arseboba TavisTavad gulisxmobs, rom maThyavdaT eparqiaTa episkoposebi, e.i. gorgaslamdecyofilan episkoposebi~. 75 n. ber-ZeniSvilisa da sxva cnobili mecnierebisTanaxmad, IV s-is saqarTveloSi episkoposebiisxdnen saerisTavo da sapitiax-So centrebSi. ramdeni saerisTavoc iyo,imdeni saepiskoposo saydari (kaTedra)arsebobda. e.i. eparqiaTa sazRvrebi, Ziri-Tadad, emTxveoda saerisTavoTa sazRvrebs.V s-is Sua wlebSi qarTlis samefoSiocdaaTiode saepiskoposo yofila. 76miuTiTebs Tu ara romelime wyaro,reformamde, e.i. IV s-sa da V s-is pirvelnaxevarSi episkoposTa simravles? wmidaninos cxovreba mogviTxrobs, rom gardacvalebisJams mefe mirianma masTanmisul episkoposebs gadasca TavisianderZi, amasTanave, Seevedra wmida ninossaflavisaTvis didi yuradReba mieqciaT- edidebinaT igi, `davedra episkoposTa,raTa adidon dideba mis adgilisa~.77 ase yofila IV s-is 60-ianwlebSi. matianes Tanaxmad, qarTlSiepiskoposTa simravle arsebobda vaxtanggorgasalis reformamde, e.i. V s-is pirvelnaxevarSi, magaliTad, sparseTidandabrunebul vaxtangs Seegebnen episkoposebi:`miegeba Ze misi daCi da mis Tanayovelni spasalarni da maT Tana episkoposni~.78 amasTanave, arsebobs sxva uZvelesiwyaro, romlidanac Cans, rom saeklesioreformamde, sakaTalikosos daarsebamde,miqael mTavarepiskoposs hyavdamravali episkoposi. am wyaros siZvelearaviTar eWvs ar iwvevs, amasTanave miu-TiTebs ZvelqarTuli saeklesio istoriografiisTvalsazriss, rom qarTul eklesiaSivaxtang gorgasalis reformamdemravali saepiskoposo arsebobda, ker-Zod, wyaros Tanaxmad, sarwmunoebrivisaWiroebis dros `SeWura miqael sulman-wmidamanda warmovida mcxeTiT misqueSeTa episkoposTa da mRvdelTa Tana~. 79igive wyaro miqael mTavarepiskoposisxelqveiT myof episkoposTa Sesaxeb sxvaadgilasac mogviTxrobs (miqaeli iyo vaxtanggorgasalis Tanamedrove).saqarTvelos mezobel antioqiaSi 344wels Semdgari krebis Tanaxmad, eklesiaSikanonad iqca ZvelTaganve arsebuliwesi, rom eklesiis meTaurad episko-75a. jafariZe, saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, 1996, gv. 294; 76 iqve, gv. 295; 77qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 129; 78 iqve, gv. 196; 79 uwyeba petroz mkawvrelisaTvis, saqarTvelossamoTxe, sabininis gamocema, 1882, gv. 632.


338 mitropoliti anania jafariZeposTa Soris unda SeerCiaT dedaqalaqisepiskoposi. antioqiis krebis me-9kanonis Tanaxmad, eklesiis meTaurs, anu`Tavs~ adgenda TviT saeklesio olqisepiskoposebis kreba. am kanonis Sesabamisad,saqarTvelos eklesiis meTauradmcxeTeli episkoposi unda SeerCia adgilobrivepiskoposTa krebas. marTlac,Cven yvela Zveli wyarodan viciT, rommcxeTeli episkoposi yovelTvis `mTavari~iyo sxva episkoposTa mimarT. amas-Tanave, yoveli Zveli wyaro mogviTxrobs,rom am episkoposs Tavis taxtze (saydarze)`svamda~ qarTlis mefe an romelimesxva xelisufali, magaliTad, eklesiismeTaurad IV s-Si mefem sam-RvdelmTavro taxtze `dasva~ mTavarepiskoposielia, aseve `dasves~ misimomdevno svimoni, saberZneTidan CamoyvanilimRvdeli miqaeli `daadgines episkoposad~da a.S. 80e.i. saeklesio kreba irCevda meTaurs,mas ki mefe `svamda~ Tavis saydarze. aseiyo msoflio eklesiaSic. krebis Catareba,meTauris arCeva da dasma ar iyo ucxoimdroindeli qarTuli sazogadoebisaTvis.garkveuli wreebi TviT mefes irCevdnenda svamdnen taxtze. magaliTad, mefe mirianisZmiswuli Trdati mefed `dasves~qarTvelma warCinebulebma: `maSin war-CinebulTa qarTlisaTa zraxva yves dadasues mefed simamri varaz-baqarisi, Zerevisi, Zmiswuli mirianisi, kaci moxucebuli,saxeliT Trdati~. 81 aseve mefearCil I aznaurTa krebam `dasva~ mefed.`SeiTques aznaurni qarTlisani... dasuesmefed arCil~. 82 unda vifiqroT, rom radganacimdroindeli qarTuli sazogadoebisaTvisSekreba da meTauris gamorCevauCveulo ar yofila, qarTveli episkoposebicTavianT krebaze gamoirCevdneneklesiis meTaurs, rogorc amas moiTxovdazemoT miTiTebuli msoflio kanonebi.mefe vaxtangis dros gaZlierda saqarTvelossaxelmwifo. qveyana gaerTianda,Semoemata axali teritoriebi, ker-Zod, daubrunda klarjeTi da afxaze-Tis didi nawili md. klisuramde, romlebiciqamde mitacebuli iyo berZenTamier da Sedioda bizantiis imperiaSi,maSasadame, Sediodnen bizantiuri eklesiisiurisdiqciaSi. axla saqarTvelos gaer-Tianebis Semdeg am kuTxeebSi unda aRdgeniliyoqarTuli eklesiis iurisdiqcia.es dabruneba unda momxdariyo bizantiisimperatorisa da, cxadia, eklesiisdadasturebiT. vaxtangamde mZimesaxelmwifoebrivi viTarebis gamo, qveyanaSisparselTa batonobis SedegadqarTul eklesiaSi arsebobda ramdenimesarwmunoebrivi dajgufeba - proberZnulida prosparsuli orientaciisa (imdroisaTvis sparseTSi arsebobda Zlieriqristianuli organizacia - sparseTissakaTalikoso). saeklesio dajgufebiserTi nawili ki orgulobas iCenda mefismimarT, radganac qveyanaSi arsebuli feodalizaciisprocesis gamo eklesiis zogierTiierarqi gadaiqca Zlier miwaTmflobelad,Zalzed gaZlierda da aRarapirebda mefisadmi morCilebas, racgamoCnda miqael episkoposisa da vaxtanggorgasalis urTierTobis dros.maSasadame, saeklesio reforma iTvaliswinebdaeklesias CamoSorebodnenprosparsuli orientaciis episkoposebida agreTve, zogierTi proberZnuli orientaciisurCi episkoposi. rogorc aRini-80a. jafariZe, saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. 1, gv. 194; 81 qarTlis cxovreba, I,gv. 137; 82 iqve, gv. 140.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli339Sna, am dros eklesiis mmarTvel episkoposTaZliereba da avtoriteti didadiyo gazrdili sparselTa nebiT. wyaroebidanCans, rom somxeTSi sparselebmaxelisufleba CamoarTves naxararebs,gaauqmes mefoba da samagierod xelisuflebagadasces episkoposebsa da eklesias.msgavsi viTareba unda yofiliyovaxtangamde saqarTveloSic. aseTi viTarebisdros vaxtang gorgasalma gadawyvitasasuliero daxmareba mieRo bizantiidan,msoflio sapatriarqoebidan damaTze dayrdnobiT ganexorcielebina saeklesioreforma. marTlac, Cans, vaxtangmaurCi episkoposebis nacvlad, bizantiidanmiiRo ukve nakurTxi axali episkoposebi,e.i. am axali episkoposebis zurgsukan idga msoflio eklesiis avtoritetida bizantiis imperiis Semweoba. konstantinopolisada antioqiis patriarqebisnebiT saqarTveloSi vaxtangs miuvida12 axali episkoposi da maTi meTauri,vaxtangis mier winaswar SerCeulikaTalikosi petre. axali episkoposebidasves klarjeTSi, eruSeTSi (es axladSemoerTebuli miwebi iyo), javaxeTSi,manglisSi, bolnisSi, rusTavSi, ninowmidaSi,WeremSi, CeleTSi, xornabujSi,agarakSi (yvela es saepiskoposo mdebareobdaqvemo qarTlsa da kaxeT-hereTSi,e.i. sparseTTan mosazRvre mxareebSi,sadac didi unda yofiliyo sparselTagavlena, maSasadame, prosparsuli saeklesioorientacia). mefes mxo-lod mogvianebiTerTi axali saepiskoposo dauarsebiaSida qarTlSi _ niqozSi. episkopos-Ta aseTi simravlis dros, cxa-dia,qarTul eklesiaSi tardeboda saeklesiokrebebi. Cans, saqarTvelos eklesiaimarTeboda saeklesio wesebis, kerZod,ki siriul-romauli samarTlis Sesabamisad83 ganagebdnen qarTul eklesias. maTSesaxeb dawvrilebiT gvqonda mimoxilvawina TavSi _ `saeklesio samarTliswyaroebi IV-V ss-Si~, _ amitom aRarSevexebiT.


340 mitropoliti anania jafariZedvinis saeklesio kreba (506 weli)VI s-is dasawyisSi, 506 wels, somxeTisqalaq dvinSi mowveul iqna amierkavkasiisqveynebis gaerTianebuli kreba,romelsac daeswro 24 qarTveliepiskoposi qarTlis kaTalikosTan er-Tad. marTalia, es kreba ar iyo saqarTvelosadgilobrivi kreba, magram CvenTvissainteresoa imiT, rom mas qarTvelepiskoposTa simravle daeswro da krebamaRiara is sarwmunoebrivi mimarTuleba,romelic bizantiaSi iyo aRiarebuli. miuxedavadamisa, krebaze qarTuli eklesiiswarmomadgenelTa monawileobaSeicavda iZulebis elementebs, radganac506 wlis kreba araqarTuli ZalebiskarnaxiT iqna mowveuli. s. janaSiasTqmiT, `mokles Tu ara vaxtang gorgasali,sparselebis mTavari mteri damowinaaRmdege amierkavkasiaSi, maSinve 506wels sparselebma somxeTis qalaq dvin-Si moiwvies somxeTis, qarTlisa da albaneTiseklesiebis saerTo kreba~. 84ratom iyvnen dainteresebulni isinisaeklesio krebis mowveviT? rogorcs. janaSia wers: `roca sparselebi iZulebuligaxdnen uari eTqvaT mazdeanobisgavrcelebaze amierkavkasiaSi da samagierodmonofizituri qristianobismfarvelebad iqcnen, saeklesio mwerlobasdaavales, monofizituri ideebida sparseTTan ganuyreli kavSiris aucileblobaeqadaga. am mizniT sparseTismefis agentebma SeTxzes legendebi, vi-Tomc qristianoba somxeTsa, qarTlsada albaneTSi erTi piris mier arisdanergili, viTomc qarTuli, somxurida albanuri anbani agreTve erTi pirismier aris gamogonili da rom es `ganmanaTleblebi~imave dros viTomc sparseTTaniyvnen dakavSirebulni. monofizitebiSeubraleblad spobdnen diofizitebis,anu qalkedonitebis mwerlobas...sparseTis mTavroba sxva saSualebebsacmimarTavda am ideologiurikavSiris gansamtkiceblad. mas surda,magaliTad, somxeTis, qarTlisa daalbaneTis eklesiebis gaerTianeba, romufro advili yofiliyo maTi marTvasparseli moxeleebisaTvis, amitomacmouwveviaT dvinis kreba 506 wels, `amisSemdeg eklesia sparselebis mTavaridasayrdeni gaxda~. 8483qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, I, gv. 594; 84 s. janaSia, Sromebi, t. V, 1987, gv. 112.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli341s. janaSia samarTlianad aRniSnavs,rom `am krebaze, ise rogorc mTelsmomdevno periodSi, iniciativas somxebiflobdnen, rogorc ufro Zveli monofizitebida iranis politikur centrTanufro daaxloebulni~. 85meore mxriv, bizantiac iyo dainteresebuli,raTa qarTul da sxva kavkasiureklesiebs mieRoT is sarwmunoebriviplatforma, romelic mniSvnelovaniiyo imperiisaTvis im epoqaSi. saqmeis iyo, rom qalkedonis krebam gaaRizianabizantieli monofizitebi, romelnicmosaxleobis sakmao raodenobas warmoadgendnen.saimperio centrebi, gansakuTrebiTki periferiebi, daZabulobis kerebadiqca. SesaZlo didi samoqalaqo omisTavidan asacileblad bizantiis keisarmazenonma (474-491) 482 wels gamoscaerTianobis aqti, romelsac henotikoniewoda. henotikoni cdilobda monofizitebisada diofizitebis morigebas dagaurboda iseT gamoTqmebs, rogoricaa`erTi buneba~ an `ori buneba~. bizantiadainteresebuli iyo henotikonis gavrcelebiTkavkasiaSi, gansakuTrebiT kisomxeTSi, romelic mniSvnelovan sadavoqveyanas warmoadgenda sparseTsa da bizantiasSoris. im droisaTvis msoflioeklesiaSi arsebuli wesis Tanaxmad,rogorc qarTuli, ise kavkasiuri eklesiebiwarmoadgendnen erT nawils msoflio ka-Tolike, anu sayovelTao eklesiisa daqarTuli eklesiis meTaurs msoflio eklesiasTankavSiris gansamtkicebladurTierToba hqonda damyarebuli romisada ierusalimis eklesiebis meTaurebTan,cxadia, antioqia-konstantinopolTanac.moRweulia romis papis grigol dialoRosiswerilobiTi pasuxi kirion qarTliskaTalikosisadmi, romelic sarwmunoebrivsakiTxebs exeba, e.i. marTalia,qveyanaSi iranelebi batonobdnen, magramqarTul eklesias mWidro sarwmunoebrivierToba hqonda msoflio eklesiebTan. dviniskrebac ar SeiZleba ganvixiloT msoflioeklesiidan mowyvetis mcdelobad,radganac, rogorc gaarkvia z. aleqsiZem,es kreba bizantiis iniciativiT iqnamowveuli. krebam dagmo ara qalkedonitoba,aramed nestorianoba da miiRozenon keisris diofizit-monofizitTa Semarigebeli`henotikoni~ (`erToba~). aqtebiSedga qarTul, somxur, albanur daberZnul enebze.502-506 wlebSi iranis mefe kavad I(488-531) warmatebas aRwevs bizantiasTanbrZolaSi. `am warmatebis uSualo Sedegia506 wlis dvinis saeklesio kreba damonofizitobis gamarjveba kavkasiaSi~. 86zemoT moyvanilidan Cans, rom z. aleqsiZisTanaxmad, dvinis saeklesio krebammarTalia, miiRo Semrigebluri platforma(`henotikoni~), magram mainc igi monofiziturielferisa yofila.s. janaSia da sxva qarTveli mecnierebifiqroben, rom dvinis krebamsafuZveli daudo monofizitobis aRiarebaskavkasiur eklesiebSi.ZvelqarTul saeklesio istoriografiasam sakiTxze Tavisi Sexeduleba hqonda.kerZod, igi Tvlida, rom somxurieklesia monofizituri gaxda somxeTSi551-554 wlebSi Catarebul krebaTaSemdgom, ris gamoc igi gaZevebul iqnamsoflio marTlmadidebluri saeklesiosferodan. iqamde ki (e.i. 551/4 wlebamde),somxuri eklesia msoflio eklesiisnawils Seadgenda. es TvalsazrisigansakuTrebiT kargad aqvs gadmocemuli85s. janaSia, Sromebi, I, gv. 115; 86 epistoleTa wigni, 1968, z. aleqsiZis komentari, gv. 152.


342 mitropoliti anania jafariZearsen safarels Tavis wignSi `ganyofisaTvissomexTa da qarTvelTa~.somxuri wyaros Tanaxmad ki, qarTulmaeklesiam swored 506 wlis dviniskrebaze miiRo monofizituri platforma.epistoleTa wignSi moxseniebulia 506wlis krebis monawile qarTveli kaTalikosisada episkoposTa saxelebi: `1.gabriel episkoposi mcxeTisa saxelovani;2. palgen episkoposi sefesaxlisa;3. elifas episkoposi samuriali; 4. samuelepiskoposi tumasueli; 5. daviTepiskoposi bolnisisa; 6. iakob episkoposiortavisa; 7. stefanoz episkoposirusTavisa; 8. sahak episkoposi tfilisisa;9. elages episkoposi manglisisa;10. enes episkoposi marueli; 11. evgenesepiskoposi samTaveli; 12. ioseb episkoposiadsueli; 13. iovan episkoposisarusTieli; 14. ioseb episkoposi kuxordosi;15. ezras episkoposi kisdadisa;16. enuq episkoposi wilknisa; 17. iosebepiskoposi midamili; 18. lazar episkoposiboldbili; 19. Teodoros episkoposiforTis; 20. zaqaria episkoposikasdreli; 21. fokas episkoposi tsermili;22. isaak episkoposi qunanakertisa;23. Toma episkoposi tarsisa; 24. estgenepiskoposi qorzonisa. es netariepiskoposebi, romlebic Tqveni qveynidaniyvnen, albanelebTan da sivnielebTanerTad somxeTSi Seiyarnen babgen somex-Ta kaTalikosis dros im krebaze, romelzecdaiwyevla maTTgan erTobiT qalkedoniskreba da leonis tomari~. 87kirion kaTalikosi VII s-is dasawyisSiar daeTanxma abraam somexTa kaTalikoss,TiTqosda gabriel qarTvelTa kaTalikosida misi 23 episkoposi monofizitobasuWerdnen mxars, piriqiT, kirioni werda,rom mis dromde da mis drosac qarTvelebsaqvT is sarwmunoeba, romelic mociqulebmaiqadages da romelsac ierusalimis sarwmunoebaewodeba, radganac naTqvamia, `sjulisionidan gamova~. 88sxvaTa Soris, gansakuTrebiTaa aRsaniSnavi,rom XI s-Sic berZnebTan mokamaTegiorgi mTawmidelic amtkicebda,rom qarTvelebs mtkiced upyriaT daadrec epyraT is sarwmunoeba, romelicmociqulebisagan miiRes: `wmidaTa mociqulTaganaTlebulni varT da radganerTi RmerTi gvicnobies arRara uargviyviesda arca odes wvalebisa mimarTmidrekil ars naTesavi Cveni... amas safuZvelsazeda marTlmadideblobisasa damcnebaTa da qadagebaTa zeda wmidaTamaT mociqulTa mtkice varT~. 89rogorc aRiniSna, ZvelqarTuli saeklesioistoriografia miiCnevda, rom somxebmamonofizituri sarwmunoeba daufaravadmiiRes ara 506 wels, dvinis krebisdros, aramed 551/4 wlebis krebaTa Semdeg,maSasadame, kirions hqonda safuZveli,roca ar eTanxmeboda abraam somexTakaTalikoss 506 wlidan monofizitobismiRebis Sesaxeb. amasve eTanxmeba axaligamokvlevebic, romlebic, rogorc aRiniSna,miuTiTebs, rom 506 wels miRebuliqna henotikoni da ara monofizitoba,Tumca isicaa aRsaniSnavi, rom somxurieklesia Tavidanve midrekili iyo monofizitobisaken,qarTuli ki piriqiT, qalkedoniskrebas uWerda mxars, amitomaciqca qalkedonitoba qarTvelTa erovnulsarwmunoebad.miuxedavad amisa, isic unda aRiniSnos,rom amierkavkasiis qveyanaTa mpyro-87epistoleTa wigni, 1968, gv. 98; 88 iqve, gv. 99; 89 giorgi mcire, cxovrebai giorgi mTawmindelisai,Zegl. II, gv. 154.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli343beli iranis saxelmwifo gansakuTrebuladuWerda mxars somxur eklesias,axdenda zegavlenas, raTa somxeTs mie-Ro is sarwmunoebrivi mimarTuleba,romelsac devnida bizantia, anu maSin,roca bizantia gamokveTilad uWerda mxarsqalkedonitobas, somxur eklesiasmonofizituri platforma unda mieRo.ase iyo realurad.dvinis krebaze damswre zemoT CamoTvliliepiskoposTa saxelebi droTa vi-TarebaSi gadamwerTa da mTargmnelTa mierdamaxinjebula. ukve VII s-is dasawyis-Si zogierTi saxelis amocnoba Wirda,miT umetes, rom cnoba maT SesaxebberZnulidan uTargmniaT somxur enaze,radganac somxuri dedani dakargula,magram abraam somexTa episkoposis TqmiT,arsebula qarTuli dedanic, romlismixedviTac kirions SeeZlo mcdarad dawerilisaxelebis aRdgena.m. brose cdila aRedgina zogierTisaepiskoposos saxeli. magaliTad, `for-Tis~ episkoposi savaraudod miuCneviafoTis episkoposad, timuel - Tmogveladda ase Semdeg. 90 p. ingoroyva `for-Tis~ saepiskoposos mesxeTSi aTavsebda.`rogorc teqstidan Cans, episkopos-Ta saxelebi metad damaxinjebula, qvemoTmovitanT iv. javaxiSvilis, k. kekeliZisada s. kakabaZis cdebs siis aRdgenisa...iv. javaxiSvili: 91 mcxeTis, samefosaxlis, asureTis, Tmogveli? (dmaneli?),bolneli, curtaveli, rusTavis, Tbilisis,mangleli, mroveli, samTavneli,aZveli? wyarosTaveli, kumurdoeli, gi-Sisa? wilkneli? bodbeli, bortis, karsnis,xunanis, tarsis? da qorbanisa (qorjanisa?).s. kakabaZe: 92 mcxeTis, mefiskaris, samTavreli. dmaneli, bolneli,curtavis, rusTavis, Tbilisis, manglisis,mroveli, samTavisis, awyveris,wyarosTaveli, kumurdoeli, axizis,wilkneli, ninowmindeli, bodbeli, ber-Tas (CeleTi), kawareli, Weremi, xunanis,tisus? xoranTa (xornabuji). k. kekeliZe:93 mcxeTis, mefis karis, samTavro,dmaneli, curtavi, rusTavi, mroveli,awyvereli, wyarosTaveli, kumurdo, axiza,ninowmida//berTa, kawareTi, Wermeli,xunani, niqozi? qorzanene (xoran-Ta, xornabuji)~. 94misaRebia m. broses varaudi imisSesaxeb, rom epistoleTa wignis `for-Tis saepiskoposo~ igive foTis saepiskoposoa.am varauds mxars uWers somxuriwyaroebis cnoba, romlis mixedviTackirioni `winandel wesTa~ Tanaxmad, VIs-is meore naxevarSi arCeul iqna aramarto kaTalikosad, aramed egrisis arqiepiskoposadda mas foTis mitropolitadacmiiCneven. meore mxriv, arsebobsVI s-is berZeni istorikosis prokofikesarielis cnoba, romelic wers, romdasavleT saqarTvelos qristianebi emor-Cilebian `kaTalikoss~, kaTalikosi imdroisaTvis ijda ara dasavleT saqar-TveloSi, aramed mcxeTaSi, Tu kirioniVI s-is bolos `winandel wesTa~ Tanaxmaddadgenil iqna `egrisis arqiepiskoposad~da foTis mitropolitad. sruliadSesaZlebelia, rom mcxeTis kaTalikossVI s-is dasawyisSi dvinis krebis droisaTvisfoTSi hyoloda Tavisi episkoposi,romelsac `forTis~ episkopossuwodebda epistoleTa wigni.prokofi kesarieli wers: `qristian-Ta mRvdelmTavarsac kaTalikoss uwode-90epistoleTa wigni, z. aleqsiZis komentari, gv. 161; 91 qarTveli eris istoria, I, gv. 300; 92saistorio moambe, I, gv. 50-53; 93 kanonikuri wyobileba, gv. 320; 94 epistoleTa wigni, z. aleqsiZiskomentari, gv. 161;


344 mitropoliti anania jafariZeben elinTa eniT, radgan is erTi ganagebsaqaur soflebs~, 95 Tumca Zneligasagebia, am `soflis~ qveS dasavleTsaqarTvelos gulisxmobs Tu somxeTs,Tumca kirionis `egrisis arqiepiskoposad~dadgenis Sesaxeb cnoba ueWvelia. z.aleqsiZis daskvniT, `yoveli qarTlis~kaTalikosi kirioni lazikis mitropolitisxels iTavsebda~. 96somexi istorikosis ioane drasxanakerteliscnobiT, somexma kaTalikosma`xeli daasxa wmida kaTolike (sakrebulo)eklesiis uxucess kirions qarTlissamwysos, gugarqis da egrisis arqiepiskoposad.97epistoleTa wignSi aseve naxsenebia`sefesaxlis episkoposi~, romelsac`samTavro saxlis~ episkoposs uwodebszogierTi mkvlevari, es unda iyossamTavros episkoposi. rogorc Cans, sityva`samTavro~ somxurad uTargmniaTpirdapiri gagebiT, rogorc `mTavrobissaxlis~, anda `sefesaxlis~ episkoposi.aRsaniSnavia, rom samTavroeli episkoposi,romelic mcxeTaSi ijda da, rogorcCans, marTlac mTavarTa saxlis, anu`erismTavarTa~ saxlis episkoposi iyo,Tavis samwysoSi aerTianebda dasavleTsaqarTvelos qristianebsac. vaxuStiscnobiT, mcxeTeli episkoposis samwyso-Si Sedioda dasavleT saqarTvelos e.w.samoqalaqo, xoni. vaxuSti werda: `arsxons eklesia didi, gumbaTiani, Suenierinagebi, zis episkoposi, mwyemsi vakisa.es iyo erTobasa Sina qarTlis mTavarepiskopozisa.Semdgomad ganyofisa gasvesaqa episkoposi~. 98 qarTlis mTavarepiskoposistituli kaTalikosobis dawyebisSemdeg darCa mcxeTaSi mjdom samTavrosepiskoposs. rogorc Cans, `erTobasa SinaqarTlis mTavarepiskoposisasa~ vaxuStiuwodebs xanas afxazeTis sakaTalikososdaarsebamde, e.i. VIII s-mde. rogorcCans, qarTlis kaTalikosis samwysoSi SemavalsamTavroel episkoposs dasavleTsaqarTveloSi `vake~ da xoni eqvemdebarebodaVI s-Si, radgan VII s-is 20-iani wlebidan, herakle keisris laSqrobisSemdeg, dasavleT saqarTvelos erTinawili Tavis iurisdiqciaSi Seiyvana konstantinopolissapatriarqom. aRsaniSnavia,rom mTeli dasavleT saqarTvelo(md. egriswylamde da klisuramde) daaseve kaxeTi samefo mamulebs (domens)warmoadgenda. es kargad Cans `qarTliscxovrebidan~, _ erismTavar (`mefe~) ar-Cil mefes miris sikvdilis Semdeg mTelidasavleT saqarTvelo gadaecema,rogorc `sauxuceso~ teritoria. aqedangadasuli arCili Tavissave mamulsafarebs Tavs kaxeTSi. safiqrebelia, romsamefo domenebi kaxeTi da dasavleTsaqarTvelo eklesiurad samTavro saxls,anu samTavros episkoposs eqvemdebareobda.s. kakabaZis da sxvaTa cnobiT, somxur-qarTuli`erTobis~ kreba Sedga ara506 wels, aramed 522 wels. zogierTimonacemebi aseT Tvalsazriss mxars uWers.rogorc Cans, Catarda orive kreba.506 wels sparselTa nebiT Seikra somxur-qarTul-albanurisaeklesio kavSirisomxuri eklesiis hegemonobiT, xolo 522wels, roca sparseTma fexi kargad moikidaamierkavkasiaSi, Sedga kreba monofiziturielferisa. 87 wlis Semdeg, `epistoleTawignis~ cnobiT, kirioni ganudgasomex kaTalikoss, e.i. 608-609 wlebSi.95georgika, 2, 1965, gv. 88; 96 epistoleTa wigni, gv. 196; 97 i. drasxanakerteli, somxeTis istoria,gv. 10; 98 qarTlis cxovreba, IV, 1973, gv. 750.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli345540-ian wlebSi sparsTa Zlieri agresiisdros, roca isini dasavleT saqarTvelosxelSi Casagdebad ibrZodnen, saqarTveloSigaZlierda monofizituri propaganda,romelTanac sabrZolvelad saqarTvelo-Si Camovidnen asureli mamebi. maTi TavdadebuliRvawlis Sedegad, ukve 551-554wlebSi Catarebuli somxuri eklesiis krebisgadawyvetileba uaryo qarTulma eklesiam.am wlebSi Semdgarma somxurmasaeklesio krebam aSkarad ganacxada Tavisimonofizituri mrwamsis Sesaxeb, es qar-Tulma eklesiam miiCnia miuReblad damsoflio eklesiis winaaRmdeg mimarTulqmedebad. amitomac ar daiWira somxurieklesiis mxare. 99 570-ian wlebSi, asurelimamebis Camosvlidan 20-30 wlis Semdeg,qarTuli eklesia qalkedonitobasdaufaravad uWerda mxars, aseve iyo VIs-is 90-ian wlebSic, 508-509 wlebSikirionma gawyvita kavSiri somxur monofizitureklesiasTan, magram amiT ar damTavrebulasomxuri eklesiis mcdeloba, hegemonobamoepovebina amierkavkasiaSi. masmxars uWerda sparseTis saxelmwifo. amitomac,daaxloebiT 614 wels Sedga e.w.`sparsuli kreba~. krebis dadgenilebissafuZvelze sparseTis mefem xosrom gascabrZaneba: `yvela Cemma qveSevrdommaqristianma unda miiRos somxuri sarwmunoeba~.100 qarTlisa da sparseTis sxvaimperiaSi Semavali qveynebis eklesiaTameTaurebi da episkoposebi `aiZula SeCuenebadkreba xalkidonisa, anu warsvlamuniT~. 101 z. aleqsiZis azriT, 614 wliskrebis gadawyvetileba uaryo kirionma damiatova mcxeTis kaTalikosis taxti, igigadavida Tavissave samwysoSi dasavleTsaqarTveloSi. `kirioni yofila lazikismitropoliti da 616 wels qarTlidangadaxvewila~. 102 aqedan Cans, rom qarTuleklesiaze somxur eklesias sparselTanebiT hegemonoba moupovebia. sparseTissaxelmwifos damarcxebis Semdeg heraklekeisarma VII s-is 20-ian wlebSi e.w.unia Sekra somxur eklesiasTan. somxurieklesiis mimxroba herakle keisarisTvisudides warmatebas warmoadgenda,radganac somxur eklesias didi avtoritetida gavlena hqonda mopovebuliamierkavkasiasa da aRmosavleT samyaroSi.amasTanave, isicaa aRsaniSnavi,rom somxuri eklesia Tavis erovnulxasiaTs ufro met mniSvnelobas aniWebda,vidre sarwmunoebriv orientacias.magaliTad, somxur eklesiaSi VII s-SiZlieri iyo rogorc monofizituri, iseqalkedonituri frTa. erT periodSi somxurieklesia orad iyo gayofili, qalkedonitda monofitiz somxebs TavianTikaTalikosebi hyavdaT. Semdeg es eklesiagaerTianda, magram somxuri qalkedoniturida somxuri monofizituri eklesiebierTmaneTSi Tanaarsebobdnen somxuri er-Tiani erovnuli eklesiis saxiT. VII s-Si sakaTalikoso taxtze adiodnen rogorcqalkedoniti, ise monofiziti kaTalikosebi.somxuri qalkedonituri frTaim droisaTvis mdebareobda bizantiurmxaris (somxeTis dasavleTiT) - taoklarjeTismezoblad, xolo somxurimonofizituri eklesia ki mdebareobdaqvemo qarTlisa da hereTis mezoblad.am mezoblobam Zlieri daRi daasva saqarTveloskuTxeTa istoriul beds. arabTampyrobelobis dros, saqarTveloSimoSlili iyo saxelmwifoebrioba, mxolodmogvianebiT Seiqmna tao-klarjeTis,99a. jafariZe, saqarTvelis samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. I, gv. 428; 100 epistoleTa wigni, z.aleqsiZis komentari, gv. 197; 101 qronikebi, I, gv. 340; 102 epistoleTa wigni, gv. 198.


346 mitropoliti anania jafariZekaxeT-hereTisa da afxazeTis samefoebi,iqamde ki VI s-dan rogorc tao, isehereTi somxurma eklesiam moaqcia Tavisiiurisdiqciis sferoSi. taosa da here-Tis qarTveloba gadaiqca somxuri eklesiismrevlad, igive bedi ewia mTelsamxreT saqarTvelos qarTvelobas, oRonderTi didi ganmasxvavebeli niSniT - taoda samxreT-dasavleTis qarTveloba Sediodasomxuri qalkedonituri eklesiisiurisdiqciaSi, hereTi da samxreTaRmosavleTisqarTveloba Sedioda somxur-monofiziturieklesiis iurisdiqciissferoSi. rogorc taos, ise hereTisada mTeli samxreT saqarTvelos qarTulieklesiebidan ganidevna qarTulenovaniRvTismsaxureba da dainerga somxurenovaniRvTismsaxureba. aRsaniSnavia,rom VI s-is dasawyisSi qvemo qarTlSiwmida SuSanikis saflavze agebul eklesiaSi,Semdgom ki curtavsa da gugarqismraval eklesiaSi, qarTvel mrevlsdaunerges somxurenovani RvTismsaxureba.es wesi kirion kaTalikosma moSalada qarTul mrevls kvlav aRudgina qarTulenovanimsaxureba, magram, rogorc aRiniSna,somxebma kirioni gaaZeves qarTlissakaTalikoso taxtidan, ris Semdegac,cxadia, albaT, kvlav dauweses qvemoqarTlis qarTvelobas somxurenovaniRvTismsaxureba. igive bedi ewia, rogorciTqva, taos, hereTsa da samxreT saqarTvelosqarTvelebs VII s-Si. hereTma mxolodX s-Si SeZlo gadaegdo aramSobliurimonofizituri eklesiis uRelida daubrunda qarTul dedaeklesias.xolo tao-klarjeTis qarTveloba sixaruliTdaubrunda qarTul dedaeklesiasIX-X ss-Si, iq, tao-klarjeTis e.w.`qarTvelTa samefos~ aRdgenis Semdgom.cxadia, somxuri eklesiis wiaRSi yofnamTavisi kvali daamCnia taos, klarjeTs,mTel samxreT saqarTvelos, here-Tis qarTul mosaxleobas, maT SeiTvisessomxuri enis elementebi, gaecnen somxurSesabamis qalkedonitur Tu monofiziturkulturas da sxv. uTuod es iyosababi imisa, rom X s-is bolosa da XIs-is dasawyisSi bizantia-saqarTvelosomis dros berZnebma eWvi SeitanesqarTvelebis marTlmadideblobaSi. antioqiispatriarqs XI s-is dasawyisSi svimonwmidas berebma moaxsenes maT monasterSimyofi qarTveli berebis Sesaxeb:`ara uwyiT Tu qarTvelni arian, anusomexni da verca xucesi maTi Jamsa wiravsmonastersa Sina Cuensa. xolo esemarTali Tques, rameTu vidre aqamomdemravliT JamiTgan qarTveli xucesi svimeon-wmidasJamsa ver wirvida amis mizezisaTvis,rameTu romelsame Jamsa soflurivinme xucesi axlad Camosuliwmidisa svimeonis suetsa zeda gamosruliyo Jamis wirvad qalamniTa dasabeWuriTa Tvinier samRvdeloAsa Sesamoslis.viTarc iyo pirvelad wesi Cuenida amisTvis ara uteobdes qarTulsaxucessa Jamiswirvad~, 103 e.i. berZnebiqarTvel berebs wirvis Catarebis nebasar rTavdnen svimeon wmidaSi, radganacisini samRvdelo Sesamoslis gareSe atarebdnenwirvas, aseTi praqtika ki jerkidev e.w. trulis krebam akrZala dasomxeTSi arsebuli mwvaleblobis erTerTsaxed miiCnia. amitomac CiodnenberZnebi antioqiel patriarqTan qarTveliberebis (Cans, samxreT saqarTvelodanCasulTa) Sesaxeb: `ver gavigeT qar-Tvelebi arian Tu somxebi, Tumca ki qar-Tvelebs uwodeben TavianT Tavs~. maSas-103giorgi mcire, `cxovrebai giorgi mTawmidelisai~, Zegl. II, gv. 150;


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli347adame, samxreT saqarTvelos qarTvelmaqristianebma da samRvdeloebamac SeiTvisesis wesebi, romelic somxur eklesia-Si iyo miRebuli maTi qveynis somxurieklesiis iurisdiqciaSi yofnisas. amitomCioda giorgi mcire: Cven marTlmadideblebivarT, magram berZnebi cdilobdnen`raTa wmidasa amas da marTalsasarwmunoebasa Cvensa biwi raime daswamon~.104 aseve mwvaleblobaSi dades bralimTawmidis qarTvel berebsac XI s-ispirvel naxevarSi. am SemTxvevaSi berZnebisaTvissababi is yofila, rom maT SeumCneviaTqarTuli wmida werilis somxuriredaqciebis mixedviT redaqtireba.amaSic eTanxmeba giorgi mcire berZnebsda ambobs: `egreTve daRacaTu pirveliTganveguqondes werilnica da sarwmunoebaWeSmariti da marTali, garna qveyanaCveni Sors iyo qveyanisagan saberZneTisada viTarca Teslni arawmidani Soris CvensadaTesul iyvnes borotni igi Teslni somex-Tani, gularZnilni da manqanani da amismier friad gvevneboda, rameTu naTesaviCveni wrfeli iyo da umanko, xolo iginireca mizeziTa wesierebisaATa, reca cdunebadgvazmnobdes da romelnime wignicaguqondes maTgan Targmnili~. 105giorgi mcire exeba im sakiTxs,romelic Cven zemoT ganvixileT, ker-Zod, Tavdapirvelad qarTvelebs gvqondawmida werilis berZnuli enidan kargadgadmoRebuli Targmanebi (Cans IV-V ss-Si), Semdgom saberZneTisagan gangvaSorasparseTis saxelmwifom, VI-VIII ss-Si`viTarca Teslni arawmidani Soris CvensadaTesul iyvnes borotni TeslnisomexTani, gularZnilni da manqanani daamis mier friad gvevneboda~, kerZod,somexma sasuliero pirebma xan `wesierebismomizezebiT~, xanac ki Cvens sacdunebladqarTuli wmida werilis redaqtirebaSeZles ukve somxuri enidanda zogierTi saeklesio wignic iTargmnasomxuridan. am mdgomareobis gamosworebadaiwyo ukve VIII ss-dan da mimdinareobdaXI s-is meore naxevramde.gansakuTrebiT iRvawes eqvTime da giorgimTawmidelebma, pirvelma `zemoxsenebuliRvarZlisagan sruliad ganwmindamravlad TargmanebiTa wmidaTa werilTaA-Ta~. 106 giorgi mcires eqvTime mTawmidelisudides damsaxurebad miaCnia somxuri`RvarZlisagan~ qarTuli wmida werilisganwmeda misi SejerebiT berZnulredaqciebTan. igive samuSao Cautarebiagiorgi mTawmidelsac, romelmac zogierTiqarTuli wigni `odesme Targmnilnida wuT ver keTilad gamoRebulni,gina Tu Jamsa sigrZiTa ucebTada ugunurTa mxmarebelTagan dageslebulni,viTarca vTqviT, brZmedsa masSina wmidisa mis gonebisa Tvisisasagamoadvna da gamoaxurva~. 107`ugunur mxmarebelTagan dageslebul~wignebSi SeiZleba igulisxmebodes`pirveliTgan~ marTlad Targmnili wmidawerilis somxur redaqciebTan Sejereba.rogorc iTqva, IX-X ss-Si samxreTsaqarTvelosa da hereTis qarTvelobadaubrunda qarTuli dedaeklesiis wiaRs.es iyo didZali mosaxleoba. iqamde,somxuri eklesiis iurisdiqciaSi yofnisdros am qarTvelTa yovelTvis hqondaTudidesi miswrafeba dabrunebodnen Taviserovnul eklesias, xelsayreli politikuriviTarebisTanave es udidesi odenobaqarTvelebisa sixaruliT SeuerTda104giorgi mcire, `cxovrebai giorgi mTawmidelisai~, Zegl. II, gv. 149; 105 Zveli qarTuli agiografiuliliteraturis Zeglebi, 1967, gv. 123; 106 iqve, gv. 124; 107 iqve, gv. 146.


348 mitropoliti anania jafariZeerovnul wiaRs. am dros moxda ara`somexi qalkedonitebis~ gaqarTveleba,rogorc warmoudgenia zogierT mecniers,aramed, piriqiT, iqamde somxuri eklesiissamwysodan Tavdaxsnili mosaxleobisdabruneba Tavis erovnul eklesiaSi.maSasadame, adgili ar hqonia arc `somex-Ta~ da arc `her-albanelTa~ gaqarTvelebas.herebi (igulisxmeba ara albanelebi,aramed kaxeTis momijnave hereTismosaxleoba) imTaviTve qarTvelebi iyvnen,magram mxolod `somxurenovanni~ saeklesioTvalsazrisiT, rogorc taoeliqarTvelebi. es qarTveloba dedaeklesiiswiaRSi dabrunebisas inaTleboda kidec,radgan qarTul eklesiaSi miRebuli wesisTanaxmad, somxuri eklesiis yofilwevrTa monaTvla aucilebeli iyo. asemoinaTla `gvirpeli~ aTonis lavraSi.igi am monaTvliT ki ar `gaqarTvelda~,rogorc miaCnia zogierT mkvlevars,aramed igi, iqamdec erovnebiT qarTveli,Sevida erovnuli eklesiis wiaRSi.grigol bakurianis Ze petriwonis monastristipikonSi wers: `vinaica menebos,naTesavTa CemTa da msaxurTa CemTa,daRacaTu somexni iyvnen sarwmunoebi-Ta~. 108 gasagebia, rom grigol bakurianisZes, rogorc taoel didebuls, Sesa-Zloa hyoloda `sarwmunoebiT somexi~naTesavebi da msaxurebic, radgan, rogorcvTqviT, taos mkvidri qarTveloba saukuneTamanZilze somxuri eklesiis mrevlswarmoadgenda, maT amitom miiRes `somxurisarwmunoeba~, magram isini `naTesaviT~,gvartomobiT qarTvelebi iyvnen.`qarTvelni varT naTesaviT mxneni damxedrobiT aRzrdilni~; `monazonni monastrisaCemisni guarad (e.i. gvar-tomiT)qarTvelni arian~ da sxva msgavsswerda grigol bakurianis Ze. es `sarwmunoebiTsomexi~, xolo `naTesaviT~,gvariT, warmomavlobiT qarTvelebidaubrundnen samSoblo ersa da eklesias.ase rom, IX-XI ss-Si ar hqoniaadgili araviTar `gaqarTvelebas~. piriqiT,saerTaSoriso araxelsayreli vi-Tarebis gamo, TiTqmis 400 wlis man-Zilze, VI-X ss-Si, amierkavkasiis mas-StabiT im droisaTvis uZlieresma somexTaeklesiam SeZlo qarTvelebis erTi nawilismoqceva somxuri eklesiis wiaRSi.amas saTave daedo dvinis 506 wlis krebisSemdeg. sabednierod, qarTulma eklesiammoipova Zala RvTis SewevniT daSeZlo Tavisi mrevlis erovnuli da fizikurigadarCena.VI s-is damdegs, siriuli wyaroscnobiT, qarTlis samefoSi iyo 33 episkoposi,xolo VII s-is damdegs (608 wels)_ 35. dvinis 506 wlis saeklesio krebasSeeZlo udidesi uaryofiTi zegavlena moexdinaqarTuli eklesiis Semdgom cxovrebaze,qarTveli episkoposebi maRal suliersimaRleze rom ar aRmoCeniliyvnen. maTqarTvel ers SeunarCunes mociqulTaganmiRebuli marTlmadidebloba.sabolood, rogorc zemoT aRiniSna,dvinis saeklesio krebam, romelSic 24qarTveli episkoposi monawileobda, warmoaCinaqarTuli eklesiis TavisTavadobada TviTmyofadoba.108petriwonis monastris tipikoni, Tavi 35, muxli 11, a.SaniZe, Txzulebani, t. 11, 1986, 118.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli349mcxeTis krebebi (VII s-is dasawyisSi)VII s-is pirvel naxevarSi qarTlismTavrad wodebulma stefanoz adarnasesZe farnavazian-xosroianma qalkedonuriaRmsareblobis erTgulma da `sjulisganmwmedelma~ axlad aSenebuli mcxe-Tis jvris taZris galavanSi aaSena darbazebida brZana: `kreba yovelTa paraskev-Ta da mun Sekrbian yovelni episkoposnida mRvdelni mis adgilisa da arisanikaTalikosis Tana, winaSe patiosnisa juarisa,viTarca didi paraskevi. xolosakaTalikososa arian krebani yovelTaxuTSabaTTa da adidian wmida sioni, vi-Tarca didsa xuTSabaTsa, saidumlosaTana xorciTa da sisxliTa qristesiTa,xolo mcxeTas saepiskopososa arn yovel-Ta samSabaTTa kreba da xseneba pirvelmowamis stefanesi da yovelTa mowame-Ta, didisa misgan Zlierebisa sparsTasa,romel wamebul iyvnes da abibos nekreselepiskoposis dResaswaulsa missaufros yovelTa dResaswaulTasa Sekrbianda adidebdian RmerTsa~. 109esaa uZvelesi da ueWveli cnobasaqarTveloSi saeklesio krebaTa Sesaxeb.masSi daculia iseTi faqtebi, romelTacarabTa Semosevebis Semdgom aRar hqondasimZafre. kerZod, aq aris ganzogadebulierToblivi xseneba sparsTa `didiZlierebis~ dros sarwmunoebisaTvisTavdadebul mowameebisa. arabTa Semosevebisasimdeni axali mowame gaCnda, romqarTuli eklesia sparsTa Zlierebis drosgaCenil mowameTa erT romelime dRessaerTo xsenebas aRar aRniSnavda. asevees aris cnoba, rom mcxeTaSi `saepiskopososamarxavSi~ dakrZaluli abibosnekreselis xseneba yvelaze ufro dididResaswauli iyo, rac, albaT, asec iyoVII s-is dasawyisSi. ase rom, cnobebiueWvelia da moTxrobili ambisTanadroulia.109qarTlis cxovreba, t. I, 1955, gv. 228-229; 110 qarTlis cxovreba, t. I, gv. 229.


350 mitropoliti anania jafariZematianes mowmobiT, aRniSnul saukuneSisaeklesio krebebi imarTeboda episkoposebisada samRvdeloebis monawileobiTmcxeTis jvris taZarTan (yovelparaskevs). yovel xuTSabaTs saeklesiokrebebi imarTeboda sveticxovelSi dayovel samSabaTs _ samTavros taZarSi.es saeklesio krebebi, cxadia, ar iyosruliad qarTuli eklesiis kreba, magrammasSi monawileobda qarTuli eklesiisumTavresi birTvi - kaTalikosida `yovelni episkoposni da mRvdelnimis adgilisa da arisani kaTalikosisTana~. 110 maSasadame, kaTalikosTan erTadmonawileobda mcxeTeli episkoposi,romelsac `mTavarepiskoposis~ wodebahqonda, xolo rezidencia samTavroSi,albaT, wilkneli episkoposi da axlomdebare eparqiaTa episkoposebi, yovelSemTxvevaSi ara erTi, aramed ramdenimeepiskoposi. rogorc cnobilia, VI s-isdasawyisSi qarTlis sakaTalikosoSi 35episkoposi iyo. aqedan, albaT, kaTalikosiskarze yoveldRiurad ramdenimemainc imyofeboda. Cveni fiqriT, yovelparaskevs, yovel xuTSabaTsa da yovelsamSabaTs gamarTul mcxeTis krebebzemonawileobas iRebda qarTuli eklesiismmarTveloba, SeiZleba mas sinodis krebebicvuwodoT. rogorc moyvanili cnobidanCans, es krebebi ar moicavda mxolodsxdomebs, aramed mas Tan erTvoda,rac zogjer umTavresi momenti iyo, wirva,locvebi, xalxis dalocva da sxva saeklesiosaqmianoba.swored mcxeTis am krebebma, uaqtiuresmasaeklesio saqmianobam, Seunar-Cuna saeklesio dedaqalaqis saxelimcxeTas Semdgom saukuneebSi, im drosacki, roca Semdeg arabTa Semosevebisgamo igi, faqtobrivad, dangreuliiyo da dakarguli hqonda funqciuridatvirTva. rogorc Cans, arabTa daTurq-seljukTa Semosevebisas saeklesiokrebebi dedaqalaq mcxeTaSi kiaRar imarTeboda, aramed, magaliTad,javaxeTSi, RrtilaSi, quTaisSi da sxvagan.mxolod XI s-Si saqarTvelos gaer-Tianebis Semdeg daibruna mcxeTam Zvelidrois sidiade.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli351antioqiis I saeklesio kreba (VIII s-is 50-iani wlebi)qvemo iberiis, anu afxazeTis sakaTalikosos Camoyalibebamsoflio qristianobis erT-erTudides dedaqalaq antioqiaSi, cxadia,mravali saeklesio kreba Catarda saukuneTamanZilze, magram Cveni gansaxilveliTemisaTvis sainteresoa antioqiisis krebebi, romlebzedac ganixilesqarTuli eklesiis sakiTxi. erTi aseTikreba Catarebula VIII s-is 50-ian wleb-Si, mravali istoriuli wyaro da avtorimiuTiTebs am krebis Sesaxeb. aRniSnulikreba warmoadgens antioqiaSiqarTuli eklesiis Sesaxeb CatarebulkrebaTagan erT-erT pirvels, amitomacCven mas vuwodebT `antioqiis I saeklesiokrebas~ gansasxvaveblad antioqia-Sive XI s-is 50-ian wlebSi Catarebulikrebisagan.mravali Tanamedrove mecnieri miiCnevsantioqias im eklesiad, romelmacqarTul eklesias avtokefalia mianiWa.erTni fiqroben, rom es moxda V s-Sipetre fulonis an romelime misi Tanamosaydrismier, meoreni uTiTeben VIIIs-is Cvens gansaxilvel krebas, mesameniki XI s-is 50-ian wlebs, magram xazgasmiTunda aRiniSnos, rom sworedantioqiis patriarqebTan Semdgarikrebebis dros msoflio saeklesiokanonebis udidesi mcodne wmida giorgimTawmideli ar miiCnevda antioqiasqarTuli eklesiisaTvis dedaeklesiad,e.i. misi azriT, qarTul eklesias armiuRia antioqiisagan avtokefalia daqarTuli eklesia Tavidanve, mociqul-Ta droidanve, damoukidebeli iyo, radganIX-XI ss-Ta saeklesio-samarTlebriviTvalsazrisiT mociqulTa mierdaarsebuli da, saerTod, I-III ss-Siarsebuli `erovnuli saeklesio Temebi~erTmaneTisagan damoukidebelniiyvnen. Tuki qarTuli eklesia daarsebuliiyo andria pirvelwodebulis ansxva romelime mociqulis mier, maSinigi, iseve, rogorc romis imperiasa dasxva qveynebSi arsebuli eklesiebi,Tavidanve Tavisufali da avtokefaluriunda yofiliyo. amis dasamtkicebladmxolod imis Secnoba iyo saWiro, iqada-


352 mitropoliti anania jafariZega Tu ara saqarTveloSi romelime wmidamociqulma. marTlac, giorgi mTawmidelmaantioqiis sapatriarqo krebazedaamtkica, rom saqarTvelo wmida andriamgananaTla, maSasadame, igi Tavidanvesamociqulo, e.i. TavisTavadi da avtokefalurieklesia iyo. am mtkicebaTa drosgiorgi mTawmideli gamarjvebuli gamovida,es moxda XI s-is 50-ian wlebSi.giorgi mTawmidelis am CvenebaTa winaaRmdeg,TiTqosda, miuTiTebda efrem mcirisada sxvaTa mier moZiebuli cnobaantioqiis sapatriarqo karze VIII s-is50-ian wlebSi Catarebuli krebis Sesaxeb,romelmac ganixila qarTuli eklesiissakiTxi da arasruli avtokefalia mianiWamas. vaxtang goilaZem gamoikvlia,am dros saqme exeboda ara sruliadsaqarTvelos, anu mcxeTis eklesias,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelos im nawilissaeklesio beds, romelic VIII s-saTvis bizantiis imperiis nawils Seadgenda,eklesiurad konstantinopolis sapatriarqosadmiiyo daqvemdebarebuli damisgan gaTavisuflebas cdilobda.saqme is aris, rom saeklesio iurisdiqciisTvalsazrisiT, VII s-is SemdegsaqarTvelo or nawilad iyo gayofili.qveynis udides nawils TavisiurisdiqciaSi iqvemdebarebda mcxeTissakaTalikoso, xolo dasavleT saqarTveloszRvispireTi e.w. skanda-Sorapnisxazamde bizantiis saxelmwifos mieriyo xeldebuli politikuri mizezebisgamo. VIII s-Si TandaTanobiT gaerTiandadasavleT saqarTvelo afxazeTismTavrebis hegemoniiT, daiwyo fiqri qveynisbizantielTagan gaTavisuflebisaTvis.amave dros bizantiaSi aRmocenebaiwyo xatmebrZolobis eresma, romliscentrs konstantinopoli warmoadgenda.dasavleT saqarTvelosqarTuli mosaxleoba yovelTvis mtkicedicavda mociqulTagan miRebul swavlebas,maSasadame, misTvis miuRebeli iyoxatmebrZoluri eresi. dasavleTsaqarTvelos qarTveli mosaxleoba, cxadia,cdilobda rogorme aeridebina sasulierokavSiri xatmebrZolur konstantinopolTan,amasTanave, yvela Zal-Rones xmarobda nebismieri saeklesiosakiTxi moegvarebina saeklesio wesebissruli dacviT. dasavleT saqarTvelosaRniSnuli mosaxleoba cdilobdakanonikuri kavSiri daemyarebina erTianiberZnuli eklesiis sxva romelime araxatmebrZolur sapatriarqosTan, ker-Zod ki, antioqiasTan. miT umetes, romarabTa Semosevebis gamo, TiTqmis 80wlis ganmavlobaSi, daaxloebiT 650-iani wlebidan 730-ian wlebamde, antioqiispatriarqebi konstantinopolSi imyofebodnenda ara antioqiaSi.gansaxilvel krebamde sul ramdenimexniT adre, VIII s-is dasawyisSi,konstantinopolidan dabrunebul ierarqsaRudgenia antioqiis sapatriarqotaxti. ase rom, antioqiis patriarqi imdroisaTvis SesaZlebelia konstantinopolisudidesi eklesiis erT-erT nawiladacki yofiliyo miCneuli, oRondacim gansxvavebiT, rom antioqia icavdamarTlmadideblur sarwmunoebas, xatTayvaniscemasuWerda mxars, xolo konstantinopolSi,rogorc aRiniSna, xatmebrZolurieresi iyo gabatonebuli. mar-Tlac, dasavleT saqarTvelos qarTveliierarqebi Casulan antioqiaSi saeklesiosakiTxebis gadasaWrelad. efremmcire wers: `dReTa konstantine skorismosaxelisaTa, antioqias patriaqobisa


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli353netarisa Teofilaqtessa, movidesqarTliT mociqulad monazonni ornimouTxres netarsa Teofilaqtes, viTarmeddidsa Wirsa Sina arian qristeanenimkvidrni qarTvelTa soflebisani. rameTudRiTagan netarisa anastasi mRvdel-mowamisaantioqiel patriarqisa ara kurTxeulars maTda kaTalikosi mTavarepiskoposisiZnelisaTvis gzisa, rameTu agarinTaganvervin ikadrebs svlad. xoloman bWobiTa krebisaTa mTavarepiskopos-Ta, mitropolitTa da episkoposTa TvisTaTana misca qarTvelTa protreptikoni,romel ars ganxsniTi, raTa TviT maTisasazRvris episkoposTagan xelni daesxmodianJamad-Jamadsa kaTalikossa qarTlisasa,raica saRmrToman madlman uCvenos maTda romeli gamoarCion moyvasTa TavisaeklesiisaTa... da Seuqmna maT aRweriT mosaxsenebeliTavisa TvisisaTvis da munSemokrebulisa krebisaTvis da xelTdasxmulyo erTi orTa maT missa movlinebulTamonazonTagani saxeliT ioanemis Jamisa kaTalikosad maTda~. 111rogorc aRiniSna, antioqieli patriarqebiarabTa Semosevis gamo aTwleulebismanZilze konstantinopolSi imyofebodnentridornis RvTismSoblis eklesiaSi.isini TavianT sicocxleSi antioqiaSiar Casulan, VI msoflio krebaze arCeuliTeofane antioqieli patriarqis gardacvalebamde.amis Semdeg antioqielmaqristianebma xalifa haSinis (723-743)nebarTviT aRadgines antioqiis kaTedra 112(Cans, igulisxmeba hiSami).antioqieli patriarqis Teofilaqtesdros (744-750) antioqiaSi CasulqarTvelTa saeklesio delegacias miuRweviamieRo arasruli avtokefalia im-Jamad berZnul eklesiaze daqvemdebarebulidasavleT saqarTvelos nawilisaTvis.v. goilaZem gaarkvia, rom Teofilaqteantioqielis mier 744-750 wlebSi saqarTveloskaTalikosad xeldasxmuliioane dasavleT saqarTvelos (afxaze-Tis) pirvel (avtokefalur?) kaTalikosadunda iqnes miCneuli. misi moRvaweoba744 wlis Semdgom xanaze modis. 113efremis cnobas `antioqiuri qronografidan~,romelsac Cvenamde ar mouRwevia,imeorebs efremis Tanamedrove daTanamoRvawe nikon SavmTeli Tavis`panediqtebSi~. am cnobaSi, rogorc zemoTiyo moyvanili, naxsenebia bizantiisimperatori xatmebrZoli konstantine V(719-775). igi marTlmadideblebs sZuldaTda metsaxelic Searqves xatmebrZolobisgamo _ `funiani~ (mudam sajiniboSiiyo cxenTa siyvarulis gamo),qarTulad ki Searqves `skore~, rac igivemetsaxelia. am imperatoris dros antioqiaSi`iberiidan~ mosula ori monazoni,Tanaxmad nikon SavmTelisa. nikonsnaxsenebi aqvs ara `qarTli~, aramed `iberia~.efrem mcires, vaxtang goilaZisgamokvleviT, dauSvia mravali qronologiuriSecdoma qarTuli eklesiisistoriuli Txrobis gadmocemis dros. 114Cven ierusalimeli patriarqebis cnobebisanalizis safuZvelze SeiZleba vTqvaT,rom man Secdoma dauSva saqarTvelosistoriul geografiaSic. kerZod,ucxoelebi iberias uwodebdnen ara mxolodaRmosavleT saqarTvelos, arameddasavleT saqarTvelosac. xSirad isiniaRmosavleT saqarTvelos `zemo iberias~,xolo dasavleT saqarTvelos `qvemo iberias~uwodebdnen. rogorc nikonis cno-111efrem mcire, uwyebai mizezisa qarTvelTa moqcevisasa, 1959, gv. 9; 112 Vb[fbk


354 mitropoliti anania jafariZebidan Cans, `antioqiur qronografSi~ewera, rom antioqiaSi delegacia mivida`qvemo iberiidan~, anda ubralod `iberiidan~,magram igulisxmeboda dasavleTsaqarTvelo. efremma ki sityva `iberia~Targmna, rogorc `qarTli~. Semdegdroindelmaistorikosebma, bunebrivia, `qarTlis~qveS igulisxmes aRmosavleTsaqarTvelo da efrem-nikonis cnoba mcxe-Tis sakaTalikososadmi mikuTvnebul cnobadmiiCnies. maSasadame, `antioqiurqronografSi~ ewera, rom saeklesio delegaciaantioqiaSi mivida `iberiidan~,`qvemo iberiidan~. am azris dasadasturebladmoviyvanoT ierusalimeli patriarqebis:dosiTeosisa da xrisanfis(qrisanTos) cnobebi. XVII s-is ierusalimelipatriarqi dosiTeosi wers: `iberiaSiori avtokefaluri arqiepiskoposia,romelTac qarTvelebi kaTalikossuwodeben. qvemo iberias, romelsac ZveladkolxeTi da lazika erqva, aqvseparqiebi imereTSi, guriaSi, samegreloSi,afxazeTSi, svaneTsa da mesxe-Tis nawilSi. es eparqiebi eqvemdebarebodnenkonstantinopolis saydars fasidismitropolitis saSualebiT... aserom, herakles Semdeg lev isavrosamdeqvemo iberia ukve avtokefaluri saarqiepiskoposoiyo, magram ar viciT, romeliimperatoris dros da romel krebazemianiWes mas avtokefalia. zemoda qvemo iberias Soris sazRvari arisqedi, romelic kavkasiis mTebSi iwyeba,qarTulad qulfargi hqvia, qvemo iveriiskaTalikosi pativiT ufro metia zemoiveriis kaTalikosze, radganac is ukveisavrosis dros 720 wels kaTalikosiiyo qvemo iberiisa... iberebi qvemo iberiiskaTalikoss miiCneven ufros kaTalikosad,radganac mefe, e.i. imereTisTavi, maTTan iwodeba mTeli iberiismefed-mefed. 115meore ierusalimeli patriarqi imaveepoqisa - xrisanfi ambobs: `saqarTvelo-Si, romelsac adre iberia erqva, iyoori avtokefaluri arqiepiskoposi... amaTganerTi arqiepiskoposi qvemo iberiisaiwodeboda imereTis, oseTis, guriisda sruliad qvemo iberiis unetareskaTalikosad, anu martivad sruliadiberiis unetares kaTalikosad, rogorcufro ufrosi zemo iberiis kaTalikosze,xolo meore, e.i. zemo iberiisaiwodeboda qarTlis, kaxeTis, alvane-Tis, sruliad zemo iberiis unetareskaTalikosad... romeli imperatoris drosan romel krebaze gaxda is saarqiepiskoposo,Cven zustad ver davadgineT, magram26 ivnisis svinaqsarSi vpoulobT,rom ioane goTeTis episkoposi xeldasxmuliqna iberiis kaTalikosis mier,radganac qveynebSi batonobda xatmebrZolTaeresi, ase rom, rogorc Cans,herakles Semdeg isavramde qvemo iberiasaarqiepiskoposo gaxda~. 116rogorc zemoT moyvanili ierusalimelipatriarqebis Txzulebebidan Cans,dasavleT saqarTvelos marTlac `qvemoiberias~, anu `iberias~ uwodebdnen heraklekeisris drosac (e.i. VII s-Si) daSemdgomac. XVII s-is ierusalimeli patriarqebixSirad stumrobdnen dasavlETsaqarTvelos eklesias imis gamo, rom imereTismefeebi qristianebi iyvnen, xoloim droisaTvis qarTlisa da kaxeTis mefexanebiki mahmadianebi. imereTis mefes,sruliad samarTlianad, Tavisi Tavi mi-115dosiTeosi, ierusalimeli patriarqebi, Tavi 5, gv. 510, wignidan sardeli mitropoliti maqsimi, qarTulieklesia da misi avtokefalia, `Teologia~, aTeni, 1966 w., rusuli Targmanis gv. 47-48; 116 iqve, gv. 48.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli355aCnda Zveli qristiani qarTveli mefeTmefeebis legitimur memkvidred. amasTanave,imereTis, anu afxazeTis kaTalikosebi(mahmadianur uRelqveS moqceuliqarTl-kaxeTisagan gansxvavebiT) sruliadsaqarTvelos (anu iberiis) mTavarkaTalikosebadTvlidnen TavianT Tavs.maSasadame, aRniSnuli patriarqis drosswored `qvemo iberiis~, anu dasavleTsaqarTvelos kaTalikosebi miiCnevdnensruliad saqarTvelos uzenaes saWeTmpyrobeladTavianT Tavs. aseTi tendenciebiSeumCneviaT ierusalimel-antioqielpatriarqebs da SeutaniaT TavianT TxzulebebSi.XVII s-is ierusalimeli patriarqebicdilan gaerkviaT, Tu rodismoipova TavisTavadoba dasavleT saqarTvelos,anu `qvemo iberiis~ eklesiam dagaurkveviaT, rom es moxda imperatorherakles Semdeg lev isavrosamde anuVII-VIII ss-Si. aseTi Zieba qarTulsavewyaroebSi gaagrZeles SemdgomSi saqar-TveloSi Camosulma antioqielma patriarqebmada sxva aRmosavlelma mRvdelmTavrebmada samRvdelo pirebma. magali-Tad, aseTi iyo antioqieli patriarqi XVIIs-sa makariosi. igi, rogorc sxva misiTanamoazreebi, eZiebda, Tu rodis moipovadasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiam Tavisufleba.mis Ziebas warmateba mohyolia (antioqiel-ierusalimelipatriarqebi da sasulieropirebi qarTul wyaroebSi eZebdnensaWiro cnobebs, maT mzeWabuk mesxe-Tis mTavarsac moupoves aseTi cnoba).patriarqi makariosi werda, rom antioqielpatriarq Teofilaqtes dros,VIII s-Si, afxazeTis mefe daviTma antioqiaSigagzavna sasuliero delegacia.maT gzaze yaCaRebi daxvdnen da gaZarcves,ori maTgani gadarCa. Teofilaqtemmoiwvia kreba, romelzedac gadawyda,afxazeTisaTvis daeniSna damoukidebelikaTalikosi, romelic afxazeTisaTvis akurTxebdamRvdelmTavrebs, magram im pirobiT,rom moixseniebda antioqiis patriarqebs...erTi maTgani ioane, patriarqmakaTalikosad akurTxa, mas mudmivad undaecxovra afxazeTSi, meore afxazi patriarqmaepiskoposad akurTxa da orivesamSoblo afxazeTSi gamoistumra. 117makariosis mixedviT, es pirveli kaTalikosiiyo ioane. antioqiis patriarqsdautovebia ufleba dasavleT saqarTvelo-Si yovelwliurad gaegzavna egzarqosimRvdelmTavarTa da winamZRolTa saqcielisgamosaZieblad da Sewiruli soflebidanSemosavlis asakrefad. dididrois Semdeg, makariosis mixedviT, antioqiispatriarq Teodores (970-975)saqarTveloSi mwvalebelTa RvarZlis aRmocenebisdros gaugzavnia afxazeTSiwesrigis dasamyareblad Tavisi mdivanibasili. afxazeTis eklesias aseve am drosmieca mironis adgilzeve, mcxeTidan miRebisufleba.makariosis cnobidan aSkarad Cans,rom antioqiis CvenTvis saintereso krebaspatriarq Teofilaqtes dros gadau-Wria ara sruliad saqarTvelos (mcxe-Tis) eklesiis sakiTxi, aramed qarTulieklesiis im nawilisa, romelic dasavleTsaqarTveloSi arsebobda. sxva sakiTxia,Seesabameba Tu ara misi yvelamonacemi sinamdviles. msgavsi cnoba aqvsXVIII s-is antioqiel mRvdels miqaelbreks, romlis Tanaxmad, mefe daviTsantioqiaSi gaugzavnia ara ori, aramed12 monazoni, 10 arabebs mouklavT gza-Si. brekis cnobebi qarTuli eklesiisSesaxeb emyareba efrem mcires Txzu-117:ept G&^ Uhepbz d 17 cnjktnbb gj bpj,hf;tyb. gfnhbfh[f Vfrfhbz^ Rfpfym^ 1905^ c& 10-11& v. goilaZe, dasax.naSr., gv. 171.


356 mitropoliti anania jafariZelebis monacemebs (isini qarTul xelnawerebSiiyo mimobneuli) da agreTve,cxadia, sxva wyaroebs. magaliTad, m.brekis cnobiT, antioqiaSi qarTveli kaTalikosisCasvla xeldasasxmelad IV s-dan, evstaTi antioqielis droidan modis,es cnoba aSkarad efrem mcirescnobis gameorebaa. evstaTi antioqielissaxeli TviT efremma CarTo TavisTxzulebaSi. mironis Sesaxebac efremiscnobebs imeorebs sxva cnobebis gameorebasTanerTad. 118rogorc zemoT moyvanilidan Cans,yvela ucxoeli avtori, maT Soris,dosiTeosi, xrisanfi, makariosi da brekicki VIII s-is 50-ian wlebSi Semdgariantioqiis krebis gadawyvetilebas akav-Sireben ara mcxeTis sakaTalikososTan,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiasTan,romelic aRniSnul dros marTlacmowyvetili iyo qarTul dedaeklesiasda ibrZoda berZnebisagan eklesiuridamoukideblobis misaRwevad. amitomac,dabejiTebiT unda iTqvas, rom `antioqiurqronografSi~, saidanac aRniSnulikrebis Sesaxeb cnobebi aqvT amoRebuliefrem mciresa da nikon SavmTels, laparakiaara `qarTlis~, aramed `iberiis~ eklesiisSesaxeb. berZnuli wyaro `iberiis~qveS, rogorc aRiniSna, gulisxmobdaara aRmosavleT, aramed dasavleTsaqarTvelos, radganac saqarTvelos orivenawils `iberias~ uwodebdnen ucxoelebi.aqedan gamomdinare, aRniSnul avtorTayovelgvari cnoba, gamomavali `antioqiuriqronografidan~ Seexeboda dasavleTsaqarTvelos da ara mcxeTis eklesias,esaa mironis kurTxevis uflebis,egzarqosis gamogzavnis, arasruli avtokefalisda sxvaTa Sesaxeb.rogorc wyaroebi aRniSnaven, heraklekeisris droidan qarTuli dedaeklesiisaganmowyvetili da konstantinopolisiurisdiqciaSi Sesuli dasavleTsaqarTvelos mrevli VIII s-dan SeecadamieRwia berZnuli centrebidan damoukideblobisaTvis.marTlac, maT moipovesdamoukidebloba. isini nel-nela ara mxolodgamovidnen berZnuli centrebisdaqvemdebarebidan, aramed TandaTanobiTaRidgines qarTulenovani wirva-locvac.da rac kidev ufro arsebiTia, ucxokaTedrebis nacvlad daaarses WeSmaritadqarTuli kaTedrebi, romelTagan, albaT,umTavresi biWvinTis kaTedris SemdegWyondidis kaTedra iyo. es procesigagrZelda TiTqmis 200 wlis manZilze.iqamde ki berZnuli centrebidan mirons,kaTalikosis xeldasxmasa Tu egzarqossmarTlac iRebdnen. rogorc iTqva, sabolood,saqarTvelos es nawili qarTuldedaeklesias daubrunda.mxolod qarTulenovani kaTedrebisxelqveS qarTuli mrevlis moqcevis Semdegunda ecno sruliad saqarTvelossaxelmwifoebriv da saeklesio mmarTvelobasdasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiisdabruneba qarTuli dedaeklesiis wiaR-Si oficialuri saxiT. es `qarTlis cxovrebis~CanarTis Tanaxmad, momxdara830 wels, bagrat kurapalatis dros.pavle ingoroyvas gamokvleviT, am droisaTvismcxeTis sakaTalikosos afxaze-Tis, anu `qvemo iberiis~ eklesiisaTvisgadaucia iqamde mis samwysoSi SemavaliargveTi. amis Semdeg afxa-zeTis sakaTa-118Vb[fbk


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli357likosos iurisdiqcia vrceldeboda SavizRvidan lixis mTamde. am aqtis SemdgommcxeTis uzenaesi saeklesio iurisdiqciaaRdga sruliad saqarTvelos miwa-wyalze_ Savi zRvis sanapiroebidan TiTqmis kaspiispireTamde.eklesia gaerTianda, afxaze-Tis kaTalikoss ewoda `umrwemesi~.aRmosavleT saqarTvelos istoriulisazRvari gadioda mdinare TeTrwylamde,anu Semaxiis mTebamde, romelickaspiis zRvidan sul ramdenime aTeulikilometriTaa daSorebuli, swored aqamdeaRwevda qarTvelTa eTnikuri gansaxlebissazRvari. CrdiloeT albaneTSi mcxovrebimosaxleoba eTnikuri warmomavlobiTqarTveluri tomebi iyvnen, amitomacisini sarwmunoebrivad marTlmadideblebsuWerdnen mxars. maTi eTnikuriwarmomavlobiT iyo gamowveuli is,rom rogorc ki politikurad amis Sesa-Zlebloba miecaT, CrdiloeT albaneTSimcxovrebi mosaxleoba iqca mrevladswored qarTuli eklesiisa da ara somxurianda albanuri eklesiisa.Sav zRvamde qarTuli eklesia iurisdiqciasavrcelebda IV-V ss-Sive. rogorcTviTon berZeni avtorebi miuTiTeben,lazebma da iberebma erTdrouladmiiRes qristianoba IV s-Si. qarTuliwyaros Tanaxmad, mirian mefem `naTelisca yovelTa iverielTa~. mirians ki igivewyaro dasavleT saqarTvelos mefedacmiiCnevda. radganac iberiis, anu qarTlissamefo moicavda dasavleT saqarTvelosmdinare egriswylamde, xolo vaxtanggorgasalis dros sazRvari gadaweuliqna mdinare klisuramde, anu cxumismxareSi gamaval Tanamedrove mdinarekelasuramde. VI s-Si, rogorc aRniSnuliiyo, mcxeTis kaTalikosi kirioni,somxur wyaroTa mixedviT, `winandeliwesis Tanaxmad megrelTa arqiepiskoposiiyo~, maSasadame, VI s-is dasawyisSiqarTuli eklesiis sazRvari gadioda SavzRvaze. mxolod VII s-is 20-30-ianwlebSi CamoaSora herakle keisarmasaqarTvelos zRvispira teritoria,rogorc es aRniSnuli iyo, sadac bizantiissaxelmwifom Tavisi iurisdiqciaganaxorciela. am CamoSorebuli kuTxisqarTvelobam aswlovani brZoliT SeZlokvlav dabruneboda qarTul dedaeklesias,es procesi VII s-Sive dawyebula da gansakuTrebuligamoxatva miuRia Cvens gansaxilvelantioqiis I saeklesio krebaze,VIII s-is 50-ian wlebSi. am krebazeaseve dawyebula mironis sakiTxis gada-Wrac. kerZod, iqamde, cxadia, marTlacqarTlisagan CamoSorebuli zRvispira teritoriis`berZnuli~ imperiis xeldebuliqarTvelebi VII s-is 20-30-iani wlebidanvekonstantinopolidan, anda romelime sxvaberZnuli sapatriarqodan miiRebdnenmirons da ara mcxeTidan.rac Seexeba mcxeTis sakaTalikosos,aq mirons akurTxebdnen uZvelesi droidanve.jer erTi, wmida svets, anu cocxal svets(sveticxovels) gadmosdioda mironi, radganacmisi gadanaWris qveS wmida kvarTiuflisa iyo dakrZaluli da sveti didisaswauliT iqna zecad atacebuli daSemdeg SeZerwili Tavissave gadanaWer-Tan, meore mxriv, k. kekeliZis Tanaxmad,`mironi saqarTveloSi Teofilaqte antioqielamdecrom ikurTxeboda, amasmowmobs qarTuli xelnaweri, romelSicdetaluradaa aRwerili mironis kurTxeviswesi. Tu nikon SavmTels davujerebT,dasZens igi, IV krebamde mxolod antioqiaSiikurTxeboda mironi (Tumca amisdajereba Znelia, radganac am krebismasalebSi amis Sesaxeb araferia naTq-


358 mitropoliti anania jafariZevami) da Semdeg yvelam miiRomisi kurTxevis nebarTva, ma-Sin unda davuSvaT, rom qarTliseklesiaSi mironis kurTxeva451 wlidan daiwyo~. 119maSasadame, mcxeTaSi mironiZvelTaganve ikurTxeboda damTeli qarTlis samefos teritoriaze,anu Sav zRvamde damdinare klisuramde mironimcxeTidan miiReboda. magramberZnuli saxelmwifos xelSisaqarTvelos zRvispireTis gadasvlisSemdeg (VII s-dan)dauwesebiaT mironis miReba amukve `berZnul~ saepiskoposoeb-Si jer konstantinopolidan,Semdeg ki antioqiidan, ris sanacvlodac`nivTTa wmidasa mosasyidelad~,anu mironisdasamzadeblad saWiro masalisSesaZenad dasavleT saqarTvelosqarTvelebs unda gadaexadaT`aTasi kvamlidan~ aRebuliSemosavali. VIII s-Si Semdgarkrebas, romelic ixilavdadasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiissakiTxs, mironis sakiTxicganuxilavs. antioqiis patriarqmaqarTvelebs dauwesa:`raATa wliTiwlad moscemdenJamad-JamadTa patriarqTa antioqiaTaaTassa drahkansa,romeli igi moecemoda vidredReTamde ioane wmidisa patriarqisaTa,rameTu man aniWa igiorestis wmidasa patriarqsaierusalimisasa, romeli movidodamociqulad basilisa Tana mefisaberZenTaAsa, raATa missa saydarsa miecemodisqarTvelTa mier. da mier dRiTgandaewesa, raATa moxsenebaA oden saxelisaAaqundes qarTvelTa Soris antioqielsapatriarqsa. da ukeTu odesme wvalebaAgamoCndes, maSinRa miavlinebdes muneqsarxossa... viTar igi netarisa Teodorepatriarqisa dReTa waravlina basili RramatikosiwvalebisaTvis akakTaAsa~. 120Cven es cnoba, albaT, ase unda gavigoT:antioqiis krebam arasruli avtokefalia,anu SezRuduli TavisTavadobamianiWa qvemo iberiis, anu afxaze-Tis eklesiis saepiskoposoebs. maT eklesiuradevalebodaT mironisaTvis masalaSeeZinaT antioqiaSi da gadaexadaTaTasi drahkani. Semdgom es aTasi drahkaniierusalimis sapatriarqosaTvis undagadaexadaT. efremis wyaros Tanaxmad,es daiwyo X s-dan, magram erTi qarTuliwyaros Tanaxmad, romelsac qvemoTSevexebiT, es daiwyo IX s-dan. CvenifiqriT, mironis sakiTxi dasavleTsaqarTveloSi ase unda gadawyvetiliyo.axalSeqmnili qarTuli saepiskoposoebiimis Semdeg, rac qarTulma saxelmwifom`ganaCina kaTalikosi afxazeTisa~,830-iani wlebidan, mirons ukve iRebdnenara ierusalimidan, aramed mcxe-Tidan, e.i. qarTlidan, xolo ZveliberZnulenovani saepiskoposoebi dasavleTsaqarTveloSi kvlavindeburad ganagrZobdnenmironis Sesyidvas ierusalimissapatriarqodan. am saepiskoposoeb-Si, Cans, ixseniebdnen ara qarTveli kaTalikosis,aramed antioqieli patriarqissaxels. albaT, maTTan agzavnidnen119v. goilaZe, qarTuli eklesiis saTaveebTan, 1991, gv. 156; Rtrtkblpt R^ C&^ Kbnehubxtcrfzcghfdrf gj djghjce j, fdnjrtafkbb uhepbycrjq wthrdb^ etiudebi, t. VII, 1961, gv. 254,SeniSvna; 120 efrem mcire, `uwyebai...~, gv. 10.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli359saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi egzarqoss, `vi-Tar-igi netarisa Teodore patriarqisadReTa waravlina basili RramatikosiwvalebisaTvis akakTaAsa~.dasavleT saqarTvelos qarTulenovanisaepiskoposoebi qmnidnen afxazeTissakaTalikosos. mas mironis qarTlidanmiRebis ufleba ierusalimidan miuRiaara raime saeklesio wesebis darRveviT,aramed ierusalimis sapatriarqos nebar-TviT. amas unda miuTiTebdes wmida grigolxanZTelis `cxovrebaSi~ daculierTi cnoba, romelSic Semdegdroindelgadamwers erTi qaragma sworad ver gauxsnia,ramac mravali gaugebroba dabadaSemdegSi. kerZod, gadamwers qaragma `a ~ sa~gauxsnia arasworad, safiqralia, rom esqaragma unda gaxsniliyo rogorc `afxazeTisa~da ara rogorc `aRmosavalisa~.imave winadadebaSi sxva geografiuli saxelicaaramdenjerme daqaragmebuli (magaliTad,sityva `ierusalimi~). winadadeba,romelSic mironzea saubari, Cveni azriT,aseTi saxiT unda gaixsnas - `rameTupirvelad a ~ sa (e.i. afxazeTsa) kaTalikosTamihroni ierusalimiT mihyvanda,xolo efrem qristesmieriTa brZanebiTamihronis kurTxeva qarTls ganawesa ierusalimispatriarqisa ganwesebiTa da wamebiTasixaruliTa. aramed qarTlad friadiqveyana aRiracxebis, romelsaca SinaqarTuliTa eniTa Jami Seiwirvis da locvayoveli aResrulebis~...maSasadame, afxazeTma mironi qarTlidanimitom unda miiRos, rom isicqarTlia, radganac qarTulad tardebawirva-locvao. imis ufleba ki, afxaze-Tis yofil berZnul, amJamad ki qarTulenovansaepiskoposoebs, mironi qarTlidanmieRoT, moupovebia efremmawyverel episkoposs ierusalimissapatriarqoSive, IX s-is40-ian wlebSi.qarTvel istorikosTa TvalsazrisiT,dasavleT saqarTveloSiIX s-Si jer kidev arsebobdaberZnulenovani saepiskoposoebi,`roca imperiaSi kvlavxatTayvanismcemlobam gaimarjvada marTlmadideblobaaRsdga, konstantinopolis kaTedradasavleT saqarTveloSiTavisi uflebebis aRdgenas Seecdeboda.amiT unda aixsnasIX s-is bolos Sedgenil konstantinopolissapatriarqosadmidaqvemdebarebul kaTedraTanusxebSi dasavleT saqarTveloskaTedraTa Soris`afxazeTis avtokefaluri saepiskoposoc~romaa dasaxelebuli.121sabolood, 744-750 wleb-Si, antioqiaSi Semdgari saeklesiokrebis gadawyvetileba-Ta dakavSireba afxazeTis, anu`qvemo iberiis~ eklesiasTan,aseTi saxiT unda warmovidginoT:n. berZeniSvili dasavleTsaqarTvelos eklesiis bizantiisagangamoyofas or etapadganixilavda. pirveli etapisdros, misi azriT, egris-afxazeTisgaerTianebis kvaldakvalgaerTiandnen egrisisa da afxazeTiseklesiebi. CamoyalibdadasavleTis erTiani saeklesioxelisufleba. am pirvel etapze121georgika, IV, naw. II, gv. 180-181; Sdr. saq. ist. narkv., II, gv. 423-24; v. goilaZe,qarTuli eklesiis saTaveebTan, 1991, gv. 178.


360 mitropoliti anania jafariZe(e.i. VIII s-is bolosa da IX s-is dasawyis-Si), `pirvel xanebSi _ wers n. berZeniSvili,_ safiqrebelia, politikurad jerwelmoumagrebeli afxazeTis mefeebi moeridebodnensaeklesio sakiTxis gamwvavebasda konstantinopolis sapatriarqosmxolod saeklesio gaerTianebis dastursmosTxovdnen~. 122rogorc zemoT ukve iTqva, dasavleTsaqarTvelodan saeklesio delegacia gamgzavrebulaara konstantinopolSi (xatmebrZolurieresis gamo), aramed antioqiaSi,sadac Cvens gansaxilvel 750-iani wlebis krebas, faqtobrivad, daudasturebia`qvemo iberiis~, anu egrisafxazeTiseklesiebis gaerTianebis, anuqvemo iberiis (afxazeTis) sakaTalikososaRiarebis sakiTxi. am droisaTvis,faqtobrivad, afxazeTis kaTalikosi iyoberZnuli eklesiis warmomadgenelidasavleT saqarTveloSi. e.i. antioqiiskrebam mcxeTis eklesias ki ar Seuer-Ta egris-afxazeTis eklesia, aramed igiganixila, rogorc berZnul eklesiaSiSemavali avtonomiuri erTeuli, amisagangamomavali yoveli SedegiT (mironismiReba, egzarqosis gagzavna, berZenipatriarqis saxelis moxsenieba wirvalocvisdros).maSasadame, antioqiis I saeklesiokreba iyo berZnuli eklesiis kreba,romelmac ganixila berZnul eklesiaSiSemavali `qvemo iberiis~ eklesiis erTerTisakiTxi. m. lorTqifaniZe wers:`gaerTianebuli dasavleT saqarTveloseklesia pirvel xanebSi konstantinopolzeiyo damokidebuli da oficialuradberZnul eklesias warmoadgenda,xolo am eklesiis meTauri afxazTa kaTalikosi_ berZenTa warmomadgeneli. magramam mdgomareobas verc egris-afxazeTismefeebi moiTmendnen da verc mcxe-Tis kaTalikosebi~. 123 Seqmnili sarwmunoebriviviTarebis gamo, berZnul eklesiaSiSemavali `qvemo iberiis~ sakiTxikonstantinopolis nacvlad ganixilaberZnuli eklesiis meore centrma _ antioqiam.amis Semdeg ukve daiwyo meoreetapi `qvemo iberiis~ (afxazeTis) eklesiisa.meore etapis dros es eklesiadaubrunda qarTul (mcxeTis) dedaeklesias(IX-X ss-Si), magram administraciul-ierarqiuliwyobis ukve arsebulisaxe SeinarCuna. afxazeTis sakaTalikosoSevida qarTul eklesiaSi msgavsadberZnul sapatriarqoebSi arsebulisamitropolitoebisa.berZnul sapatriarqoebSi samitropolitoebsmarTavda patriarqi. mitropolitebs,Tavis mxriv, eqvemdebarebodnensamitropolitoebis episkoposebi,romelTa raodenoba sakmaod didi, 500-mdec ki SesaZlebelia yofiliyo. afxazeTissakaTalikosos episkoposebi eqvemdebarebodnenafxazeTis kaTalikoss,romelic, Tavis mxriv, mcxeTis kaTalikoszeiyo damokidebuli. erTs `uxucesi~,meores ki - `umrwemesi~ erqva.`egris-afxazeTis mefeebma eklesiurigamoyofis mopovebisTanave daiwyes Zveli(bizantiuri) saepiskoposo kaTedrebismoSla dasavleT saqarTveloSi damaT sapirispirod axali qarTuli kaTedrebisdaarseba. X s-is manZilze moiSalagudayvis (ZiRinevis) kaTedra, fo-Tis kaTedra, xolo aSenda Wyondidis,moqvis, bediisa da sxva saydrebi, sadacSeiqmna axali, qarTuli saepiskoposo kaT-122n. berZeniSvili, saqarTvelos istoris sakiTxebi, III, gv. 49; 123 m. lorTqifaniZe, `egrisafxazeTi~,saq. istoriis narkvevebi, t. II, 1973, gv. 424.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli361edrebi. ase TandaTanobiT idevneboda bizantiisgavlena~. 124 `es saeklesio gamoyofa,rogorc vTqviT, erTbaSad ar xdeba,jer xorcieldeba egris-afxazeTiseklesiebis gaerTianeba, rogorc konstantinopolissamwysoSi Semavali eparqiisa,romelsac saTaveSi afxazTa kaTalikosiedga (VIII s-is bolo an IX s-isdasawyisi), Semdeg IX s-is manZilzedasavleT saqarTvelos eklesia gamoeyokonstantinopols da mcxeTis taxts uer-Tiandeba, xolo afxazTa kaTalikosisruliad saqarTvelos kaTalikoss uqvemdebardeba~.125dasavleT saqarTvelos eklesiis konstantinopolissamwysosagan gamoyofisgarkvevisaTvis gamoiyeneba e.w. eqTezisebi_ konstantinopolis samwysoSi SemavalikaTedrebis nusxebi. Cvens gansaxilvelperiods exeba am nusxaTa orijgufi. `pirveli jgufis nusxebi Sedgenilialeon VI-is mefobamde (leoni mefobda886-911 ww.), am nusxebSi dasavleTsaqarTvelos yvela kaTedra, fazisismitropolitiT lazeTSi, misdamidaqvemdebarebuli oTxi episkoposiT, afxazeTissebastopolis avtokefaluri arqiepiskoposida jiqeTSi nikofsiis avtokefaluriarqiepiskoposi konstantinopolissamwysos eqvemdebarebian. meorejgufis nusxebidan Cans, rom X s-is dasawyisSi dasavleT saqarTvelos arcerTi kaTedra (lazeTis, afxazeTisa dajiqeTis, nikofsiisa) aRar eqvemdebarebakonstantinopolis patriarqs. aRniSnulissafuZvelze aSkarad Cans, rom cvlilebadasavleT saqarTvelos mdgomareobaSi,misi gamoyofa konstantinopolidanda mcxeTis taxtisadmi daqvemdebarebaIX s-is manZilze moxda, radganacpirveli jgufis nusxebis nagvianevi nusxaIX s-is dasawyisSia (820-829) Sedgenili,126 xolo meore jgufis pirveli nusxa- X s-is dasawyisSi (901-907 ww.)~. 127maSasadame, marTalia, `qarTlis cxovrebis~zogierTi nusxa, romlebSic naTqvamiaafxazeTis qarTuli sakaTalikososIX s-Si daarsebis Sesaxeb: `xolo amanbagrat gaaCina da ganawesa kaTalikosiafxazeTs qristes aqeT 830~. 128tao-klarjeTis mTavari bagrat I kurapalati(826-876), Ze aSot kurapalatisa,ibrZoda qarTlis saxelmwifos aramxolod politikuri, aramed eklesiurigaerTianebisTvisac. amiT unda iyosgamowveuli mis mier `afxazeTis kaTalikosis~gaCena. aq igulisxmeba am sakaTalikosossulieri daqvemdebareba mcxe-Tis eklesiisadmi, iqamde ki, rogorcaRiniSna, antioqiis VIII s-is 50-ianiwlebis krebam kanonikuri safuZveliSeuqmna `qvemo iberiis~, anu afxazeTissakaTalikosos warmoqmnas.aRniSnulma antioqiis I-ma saeklesiokrebam VIII s-is 50-ian wlebSiTavisTavadoba (avtokefalia) mianiWa araafxazeTis, aramed `qvemo iberiis~ anubralod `iberiis~ eklesias, anu imteritoriaze ganTavsebul saeklesio er-Teuls, romlis sazRvrebs warmoadgendamdinare klisura Crdilo-dasavleTiT,da, e.w. `skanda-Sorapnis~ xazi aRmosavleTiT.erT dros bizantiis xeldebulies teritoria – imJamad bizantielTaganpolitikurad ganTavisuflebuli iyoTanaxmad qarTuli wyaroebisa, romelTacqvemoT SevexebiT. am, anu `qvemo iberiis~saeklesio erTeuls mxolod VIII s-124m. lorTqifaniZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 425; 125 iqve, gv. 427; 126 georgika, IV, 2, gv. 184; 127 m.lorTqifaniZe, dasax. naSr., gv. 424; 128 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 255.


362 mitropoliti anania jafariZeis bolodan SeiZleboda wodeboda afxazeTiseklesia, kerZod mas Semdeg, racmdinare klisuras iqiT iqamde bizantia-Si Semavali istoriuli afxazeTisa daqvemo iberiis miwa-wyali gaerTiandaafxazTa axali samefo dinastiis CamoyalibebisSemdeg (es sakiTxi ganxiluliawignSi `saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiisistoria~, t. II, 1998 w.).ase, rom `qvemo iberiis~ TavisTavadeklesias mxolod VIII s-is bolos anIX s-is dasawyisSi ewoda afxazeTiseklesia. mis meTaurs kaTalikosis wodebamiuRia qarTvel mefeTa mier. kerZod,tao-klarjeTis mefes bagrats 830 wels`ganuCenia~ kaTalikosi afxazeTisa, racganxiluli iyo. am sakaTalikososaTvisadgilzeve (afxazeTic iberiaa, anuqarTlia) mironis kurTxevis miRebisuflebisaTvis IX s-Sive uzrunia efremmawyverels, rac aseve ganxiluli iyo.Cvens istoriografiaSi XX s-isdasawyisidan Camoyalibda umarTebuloTvalsazrisi, TiTqosda dasavleTsaqarTvelos mxolod IX s-dan ewoda`qarTli~, sinamdvileSi piriqiT, Cveniwyaroebis dabejiTebuli mtkicebiT dasavleTsaqarTvelo Tavdapirveladve mefefarnavazis droidan Sedioda qarTlissamefoSi, amitomac ewodeboda kidev`qarTli~ anu ufro zustad `qvemo qarTli~anu `qvemo iberia~, xolo aRmosavleTsaqarTvelos `zemo qarTli~, `zemoqveyana (es termini kaTalikosTa titulaturaSicaisaxa) da swored VIII s-isbolodan `qvemo qarTls~ anu dasavleTsaqarTvelos ewoda `afxazeTi~, dinastiuricvlis Sedegad, Tumca eklesiurida kulturuli TvalsazrisiT afxaze-Ti, iseve rogorc tao-klarjeTi dahereT-kaxeTi qarTlis qveynebad iwodeboda,Zveli Cveulebis Sesabamisad, uZvelesidroidanve, amis Sesaxeb erTxmadRaRadeben qarTuli wyaroebi. magaliTad,`moqcevaA qarTlisaA~ qarTlisqveynis Crdilo dasavleTis sazRvarsdebs mdinare egriswyalze, `Tanahyvanda aleqsandres mefesa Ze arianqarTlisa mefisa da mas mouboZa mcxe-Ta sajdomad da sazRvari daudva mashereTi da egriswyali da somxiTi damTa crolisa da warvida~. 129aqedan da `moqcevaA qarTlisaAs~ sxvauamravi cnobidan, romelsac sxva qarTuliwyaroebis dabejiTebuli miTiTebanic eTanxmebianqarTlis anu qarTlis samefossazRvrebi aseTia: dasavleTiT _ SavizRva egrisis CaTvliT, Crdilo-dasavleTiT_ md. egriswyali, aRmosavleTiT_ hereTi, samxreTiT _ `somxiTi~ anusomxeTi. eTnikurad es qveyana dasaxlebuliiyo erTi eriT, erTi xalxiT,romelTac ewodebodaT qarTvelebi, maTricxvSi, cxadia, egriselebic Sedian,amis Sesaxeb pirdapir migviTiTebs magaliTad`qarTlis cxovrebis~ Semdegicnoba (sxva uamrav cnobasTan erTad):`masve Jamsa gamovides berZenni afxazeTiT(rameTu berZenTa hqonda egriswyalsquemoTi kerZi yoveli) da daipyresegriswyalTagan vidre cixe-gojamde. ma-Sin iqmna glova da wuxili yovelTazeda qarTvelTa da ityodes `ganvamravleTcodva RmrTisa mimarT... samarTlianadmoawia RmerTman Cuen zeda ese risxva,rameTu migvcna Cuen wartyuevnaducxoTa naTesavTa da migviRo Cven sazRvariberZenTagan... erisa codvaTagan...viZioT Cuen Suri... vZebneT sazRvariqarTlisa berZenTagan~. 130129Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli Zeglebi, III, gv. 81; 130 qarTlis cxovreba, t. I, gv. 146.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli363am amonaridSi pirdapiraa naxsenebisityva `sazRvari qarTlisa~, romelicberZnebma daarRvies, sad? maT gadmolaxesmdinare egriswyali da miitacesteritoria am mdinaridan vidre cixegojamde.vin wuxs am ubedurebas? -amasac pasuxobs mematiane - `yovelniqarTvelni~ (aman gamoiwvia `wuxiliyovelTa zeda qarTvelTa~), cxadia, amqarTvelTa ricxvSi upirvelesad igulisxmebodnenegriselebi, egrisis mosaxleoba,es igulisxmeba mematianis winadadebaSi- `migvcna Cuen wartyuevnaducxoTa naTesavTa~, swored istoriuliegrisis didi nawili mdinare egriswylidancixe-gojamde daipyres anu `wartyuenes~berZnebma, iqvea `migviRo CvensazRvari berZenTagan~ - egriselebi, iseverogorc mTeli (yoveli) qarTlis mosaxleobawuxda am ubedurebas.am amonaridSi mravaljer gvxvdebasityva `Cuen~, am `Cuenis~ qveS igulisxmeba`yovelni qarTvelni~, rogorc iqveCans, am qarTvelTa ricxvSi ki upirvelesadegriselebi igulisxmeba, romel-Ta regionis sazRvaric da romlis miwawyaliciqna `wartyuenili~. sabolood,Seuracxyofili qarTvelebi askvnian: `viZioTCuen Suri, vZebneT sazRvariqarTlisa~, anu aRvadginoT igi, sad?cxadia, md. egriswyalze (esaa V s-isambebi) SemdgomSi, vaxtang mefis drosvesazRvrad gadaiqca md. klisura. romelenaze urTierTobdnen es qarTvelebi?romeli ena iyo maTi erovnuli anu saxelmwifoena? - es iyo qarTuli ena.qarTuli ena rom saerTo erovnuli enaiyo `yovelTa qarTvelTa~, rom es enaegrissa da sxva regionebSi mcxovrebimkvidri mosaxleobis ena iyo, amis SesaxebCven mogviTxrobs cnobili moRvawe arsenberi (miiCnevdnen, rom igi iyo daviTaRmaSeneblis moZRvari). is wmida ninoscxovrebaSi gadmoscems cnobebs qarTvel-Ta eTnogenezisis, maTi qveynis sazRvrebisSesaxeb da aseve gvawvdis cnobasenis Sesaxebac. kerZod, arsen beri cxadiagadmoscemda qarTul sazogadoebaSiarsebul Tvalsazriss, rom uZveles xanaSi,arian qarTlidan aleqsandre makedonelisdros kavkasiaSi gadmosaxlebuliqarTveloba dasaxlda rogorcdasavleT, ise aRmosavleT saqarTvelo-Si, arsenisTvisac qarTlis qveynis CrdilodasavleT sazRvari aris mdinareegriswyali. egriswylidan hereTamde mcxovrebimosaxleobis ena, arseni berisazriT, Tavidanve qarTulia, is wers:`Cven Svilni varT maT arian qarTliTgamosulTani da ena maTi uwyiT~. 131maSasadame, qarTuli wyaroebis dabejiTebulimtkicebiT egriswylidan-here-Tamde cxovrobs erTi xalxi, erTi eniT,maT aqvT erTi saxelmwifo `qarTlis samefo~,`yovelni mefeni qarTlisani amaT(e.i. arian qarTlidan gadmosaxlebul-Ta) mefeTa Svilni arian~. 132 arseni berisTvalsazrisiT, yvela regionis mcxovreb-Ta, maT Soris egrisisa da svaneTis mosaxleobisena qarTuli enaa, Tumca,cxadia, albaT misTvis cnobili iyo amkuTxeTa enebis arseboba, magram albaTisini dialeqtebad miaCnda. ruis-urbnisiskrebis wmida mamaTa TvalsazrisiT,qarTlis samefo IV s-Sic aerTianebdasaqarTvelos dasavleT da aRmosavleTnawilebs, amitomac am krebis miergamocemul kanonTa `ZeglisweraSic~ sagangebodaaxazgasmuli, rom wmida ninommoaqcia ara mxolod qveynis erTi131Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, III, gv. 477; 132 iqve, gv. 47.


364 mitropoliti anania jafariZekuTxis (aRmosavleT saqarTvelos) mosaxleoba,aramed dasavleT saqarTvelosmosaxleobac qarTlis samefos sazRvreb-Si, e.i. egrisic moaqcia, md. egriswylamde,qarTlis samefos sazRvramde, ker-Zod _ wmida ninom `sarwmunoebasa mimarTTvisisasa miizida yoveli savsebaAyovlisa qarTvelTa naTesavisa~. 133mefe mirianis samefoSi, anu qarTvelTaerTian saxelmwifoSi, qarTlis cxovrebisTanaxmad, cxadia, egrisic Sedis:`mefobda mirian qarTls, rans, hereTs,movakans da aqunda egrisica vidre egriswylamde~,134 am wyaros cnobiT, qarTulisaxelmwifos sazRvrebs cnobs bizantiisimperatori: `me, konstantine mefe,TviTmpyrobeli... movswere Senda RmrTivganbrZnobilisa...mefisa mirianisassa. iyavnSen Tana mSvidoba... gandevnen RmerTmandambadebelman eSmaki macduri sazRvarTaganSenTa~. 135mematianeTa Tanaxmad, qarTvel mefeTaupirvelesi movaleoba iyo saxelmwifosazRvrebis dacva, aseve mematianeebi xazgasmiTaRniSnaven, rom bizantieli imperatorebicnobdnen am sazRvrebs, magaliTad,aleqsandre makedoneli `aCens~pirvel qarTul saxelmwifo sazRvarsmd. egriswyalze, zemoT moyvaniliamonarididan Cans, rom imperatori konstantinecnobs qarTlis samefossazRvrebs da sxva.qarTuli eklesiis mamebic TavianTyuradRebas apyrobdnen qveynis geopolitikurareals. magaliTad, ruis-urbnisiskrebis mamebis ganmartebiT, is areali,sadac iqadaga andria pirvelwodebulma,aris qarTvelTa qveyana anu`saqarTvelo~. cnobilia, rom andriamiqadaga klarjeTsa da egrisSi, maSasadame,krebis wmida mamebi ueWvelad darwmunebulniarian, rom egrisi klarjeT-Tan erTad I-II ss-Si, mociqulTa qadagebebisdros qarTvelTa qveynebi ariananu `saqarTveloa~. kreba wers: `pirvelwodebuliandria... Cuendamdeca moiwia daqadaga sacxovrebeli qadageba saxarebisa~yovelsa queyanasa saqarTveloAsasa~... 136egrisi I-II ss-Si `saqarTveloa~. esaaXII s-is damdegis qarTvel wmida mamaTada ruis-urbnisis krebis ueWveli Tvalsazrisi.maTi es mosazreba gansxvavdebaTanamedrove, XX s-is istorikosTa oficialurTvalsazrisisagan, romlis mixedviTacsaqarTvelo mxolod XI s-is Semdegewoda erTian qveyanas. maT am mosazrebasar daeTanxmebodnen arc Cvenimematianeebi, magaliTad juanSeri, romelicwers, rom VII s-is bolosa da VIIIs-is dasawyisSi saqarTvelo erqva miwawyalsmdinare klisuramde afxazeTSi _`klisura romeli mas Jamsa iyo sazRvarisaberZneTisa da saqarTveloAsa~. 137`qvemo iberiis~, anu rogorc Semdgomewoda afxazeTis sakaTalikosos warmoqmnisistoriis Sesaswavlad uaRresimniSvneloba aqvs qarTvelTa saxelmwifossazRvrebs. mematianes cnobiT, essazRvari SeibRala VII s-is 20-ian wlebSibizantiis keisar herakles mier: `maSinwariRes berZenTa sazRvari qarTlisa,speri da bolo klarjeTisa, zRvis piri...sxva yoveli qarTli daipyro adarnasebakuris Zeman mTavrobiT da mefobisasaxeli verca man ikadra~. 138`sazRvari qarTlisa~, rogorc zemoTmravalgzis aRiniSna, upirvelesadCrdilo-dasavleTis mimarTulebiT133`didi sjuliskanoni~, 1975, gv. 546; 134 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 70; 135 iqve, gv. 128; 136 didisjuliskanoni, 1875, gv. 545; 137 qarTlis cxovreba, I, gv. 235; 138 iqve, gv. 226.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli365gulisxmobda md. klisuras, sadamdec,mematianes sityviT, vaxtang gorgasalmabizantiis imperatoris nebiT gadaitana`qarTlis samefos~ sazRvari. maSasadame,axla VII s-is 20-ian wlebSi, es sazRvarimiitaca herakle keisarma, dasavleTsaqarTvelos erT nawilTan erTad_ Cans, esaa `zRvis piri~ - maSasadame,zRvispira teritoria gulisxmobs aramxolod klarjeTs, aramed miwa-wyalssperidan da klarjeTis bolodan mdinareklisuramde. rogorc garkveulia am mitacebuliteritoriis sigane aRwevdae.w. skanda-Sorapanis sazRvramde. 139aq, am mitacebul teritorias, ucxoelebi`qvemo iberias~ uwodeben. rogorcmatianeebidan Cans, es mitacebuli teritoriaqarTvel mefeebs kvlav qarTlissamefos nawilad miaCndaT, dasavleTsaqarTvelos mniSvnelovani nawili,kerZod, argveTi kvlav maT xelSi iyo.rogorc Cans, arabTa Semosevis droisaTvisegrisis didi nawili, cixe-gojisCaTvliT qarTlis mefeTa saxelmwifosnawils warmoadgenda, amas unda miu-TiTebdes is, rom murvan yrus Semosevisdros qarTlis imJamindelma mefestefanozma da misma vaJma mirma winaparTasamefo gvirgvinebi, mefe mirianisada mefe vaxtang gorgaslisa, usafrTxoebismizniT gadaitanes Tavisisamefos dacul nawilSi da daasvenes(e.i. Seinaxes) quTaissa da cixe-gojSi,xolo qarTlis mefe stefanozi gardacvalebisSemdeg Tavis qveyanaSi egris-Si dakrZales. 140arabTagan devnili qarTlis mefeebiegrisidan gadavidnen afxazeTSi _ mur-van yru `Seudga kvalsa maTsa... SevlozRude igi sazRvari klisurisa. da vi-Tarca Sevlo yruman klisura, romelimas Jamsa iyo sazRvari saberZneTisa dasaqarTveloAsa da Semusra qalaqi afSileTisacxumi da moadga cixesa anakofiisasa...mun iyvnes maSin mefeniqarTlisani mir da arCil~. 141es mefeebi SeebrZolnen arabebs daukuaqcies isini. es iyo mniSvnelovanimomenti. amiT gaxarebulma bizantiisimperatorma, qarTuli wyaros cnobiT,gadawyvita aRedgina bizantiis mier SebRaluliqarTlis samefos sazRvrebi,cxadia, mdinare klisuraze da saer-Tod egrisis zRvispireTSi, anu manaRiara qarTuli saxelmwifos uflebamosilebaim teritoriaze, romelicTavis droze miitaca herakle keisarma,wyaro gvamcnobs, rom imperatormabrZaneba miswera Tavis moxele-erisTavsafxazeTSi aRar daerRvia qarTlissazRvrebi, kerZod, imperatorma am werilSiaRiara, rom es sazRvrebi dar-Rveuli iyo bizantielTa mier, magramamis Semdego - naTqvamia brZanebaSi,aseTi ram aRar ganmeordes, pativi eciam sazRvrebis urRvevobaso, kerZod,werili aseTia - `yovladve sazRvarTaqarTlisaTa Cvengan qmnil ars vneba...aramed keTilad pativs cemdi mefeTa daerTa magaT qarTlisaTa da amieridan nur-Rara xelgewifebis vnebaT maTda da sazRvarTamaTTa egrisaTa~. 142 es imas niSnavs,rom kvlav aRsdga oficialurad,qarTlis samefo sazRvari mdinare klisuraze,amasTanave bizantiam aRiara, romis arRvevda am sazRvrebs. amis Semdeg139saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiis istoria, t. II; 140 qarTlis cxovreba, t. I, gv. 235; 141 iqve,gv. 236; 142 iqve, gv. 240.


366 mitropoliti anania jafariZemefe miris samefoSi Sedis `egrisi, suane-Ti, Takueri, argueTi da guria~. 143rogorc aRiniSna, mefe stefanozi (ar-Cil da mir mefeebis mama) quTaisSidakrZales. 143 quTaisi qarTlis mefeTa`samkvidro~ iyo. mefe miris anderZiTavisi Zmisadmi amas miuTiTebs - `warscenZualni misni da dahflen saydarsaquTaisisasa, raTa ipovos sawamebladsamkvidrosa Cvenisa~. 143md. klisuridan mTeli dasavleTsaqarTvelo qarTlis mefeTa samkvidroaarCilis drosac. mefe arCili ambobs _`adgilni Cvenni klisuriTgan aRmarT. warvalda daveSenebi cixe-gojs da quTaiss~. 144ufro ukeTesi magaliTebis moyvanaSeuZlebelia imis dasamtkiceblad, romIX-X ss-mde qarTveloba, qarTuli eklesiada saxelmwifo moRvaweebi `yoveliqarTlis~ qveS moiazrebdnen mTeldasavleT saqarTvelos vidre mdinareklisuramde, dasaxlebuls qarTvelixalxiT. amitomac uwodebdnen qveynis amnawils `qvemo iberias~. rogorc Cans,imis Semdeg rac mefe miris dros bizantiissaxelmwifom qarTlis mefeebsdaubruna iqamde nawilobriv maT mierdaWerili Savi zRvispira teritoriebi,Cans iq arsebul berZnul saepiskoposoebisaTvispolitikuri iurisdiqciisproblema warmoiSva, isini ukve aRarimyofebodnen bizantiur qveyanaSi, aramedqarTvelTa saxelmwifoSi, amitomac, Cans,VIII s-is 50-ian wlebSi maT scadesmoepovebinaT konstantinopolisagandamoukidebloba, rasac miaRwies antioqiissapatriarqoSi, xolo imis gamo,rom VIII s-is bolos, 80-90-ian wleb-Si Seicvala qarTlis samefo dinastia,da dasavleTSi warmoCnda afxazurisamefo dinastia, romelmac gaaerTianadasavleTi saqarTvelo, `qvemo iberiis~eklesias ukve IX s-dan ewoda `afxaze-Tis sakaTalikoso~.143qarTlis cxovreba, t. I, gv. 241; 144 iqve, gv. 242.


saqarTvelos saeklesio kanonebis krebuli367anCis saeklesio kreba (IX s-is 40-iani wlebi)daaxloebiT 840 wels samxreT saqar-TveloSi, anCaSi Catarda saeklesio kreba,romelsac iv. javaxiSvili `adgilobrivs~uwodebs. 145 magram, Cveni azriT, es iyoepiskoposTa kreba, radganac mas ar eswrebodakaTalikosi, uromlisodac Zneliakrebas `adgilobrivi~ uwodo. Tanacsafiqrebelia, rom anCis krebis dadgenilebaar Seiwynara kaTalikosma da igigauqmda, radgan krebis mier episkoposobispativisagan gankveTili anCeli episkoposicqiri kvlav dabrunda Tavis kaTedraze,rac cxadia kaTalikosis nebisgareSe ar moxdeboda.giorgi merCules mier mowodebulicnobis Tanaxmad, anCis saepiskoposo saydarzebagrat kurapalatis Zes aSotsauyvania sarwebis eklesiaSi diakvnad namyofi,tfilisis amira sahak ismailis Zismier aRzrdili vinme cqiri. cxadia,saWiro iyo cqiris episkoposad xeldasxma,rac mxolod kaTalikoss SeeZlo,qarTul eklesiaSi miRebuli wesisTanaxmad. maSasadame, kaTalikossa dasaero xelisuflebas xeldasxmis Semdegcqiri anCis cnobil saepiskoposokaTedraze dausvamT. anCeli episkoposiseparqiaSi Sedioda klarjeTis cnobilimonasterebi, `klarjeTis didebulni udabnoni,mRvdelni da diakonni maTni an-CelTa episkoposTagan ikurTxvian~. an-Cis saepiskoposo kaTedra udidesi mniSvnelobisada Rirsebisa iyo saqarTveloskaTedraTa Soris.giorgi merCules wyarodan metad sainteresoacnoba imis Sesaxeb, rom Tbilisismahmadiani amira iyo gamzrdeli qristianisa,romelmac Semdgomepiskoposis pativic ki miiRo.amasTanave Tbilisis amiramuSuamdgomla kidec tao-klarjeTisxelmwifis winaSe Tavisgazrdils, raTa mas qarTuleklesiaSi Rirseuli adgilidaeWira. am cnobiT kidev erTxeldasturdeba gamoTqmuli mosazrebaimis Taobaze, romqarTul eklesias mniSvnelovaniadgili eWira TbilisissaamiroSi da iq arabTa damahmadianTa batonobisassaqarTvelos sakaTalikososTavisi didi samrevlo da eklesia-monastrebihqonda. amiTunda yofiliyo gamowveuliamiras mier qristiani yrmisaRzrda, mis gaepiskoposobazezrunva, rac TavisTavadgulisxmobda amiras saqmianurTierTobas qarTlis kaTalikosTan,uromlisodac, cxadia,arc erTi mniSvnelovani saeklesiosaqme ar aResruleboda.saqarTvelos patriarq melqisedekissigelidanac CansTbilisis amirasT