2000/60/EC - Kura River Basin

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2000/60/EC - Kura River Basin

evrokavSiriwylis CarCo direqtiva(2000/60/EC)Targmani inglisuridanEuropean UnionWater Framework Directive (2000/60/EC)Translation from EnglishEU Project Trans-Boundary River Management Phase IIfor the Kura River basin - Armenia Georgia Azerbaijan(TACIS/2007/134-398)


winasityvaobaEsaqarTvelo ufro da ufro miiswrafvis evrokavSirTan gazrdili TanamSromlobisaken.saqarTvelos mTavrobasa da evrokomisias Soris SeTanxmebul iqna TanamSromlobisprioritetuli sferoebi, rac ganisazRvra evropis samezoblo politikisa da partniorobisinstrumentis farglebSi Seqmnil qveynis 2007-2013 wlebis strategiul dokumentSi. saqarTveloevrokavSirismxareebis mier SeTanxmebuli samoqmedo gegma cxadyofs saqarTvelos mzadyofnasganaxorcielos urTierTSeTanxmebuli prioritetebi saerTaSoriso da evropul normebsa dapricipebTan SesabamisobaSi. gegmam gansazRvra sakvanZo garemosdacviT sferoebSi, maT SoriswyalTa meurneobaSi, gasatarebeli prioritetuli RonisZiebebi. evrokavSiris yvelazemniSvnelovani sakanonmdeblo aqti wylis garemos dacvis regulirebis sferoSi, - wylis CarCodireqtivaa. igi gansazRvravs ZiriTad principebs da ZiriTad amocanebs da aseve wyalTameurneobis marTvis ganxorcielebis gegmas. es wylis CarCo direqtivis pirveli publikaciaaqarTul enaze. imedi gvaqvs igi daexmareba saqarTvelos Sesabamis struqturebs dapasuxismgebel pirebs ukeT gaerkvnen evropul midgomaSi wyalTa meurneobis marTvisadmi daagreTve xels Seuwyobs amgvari midgomis danergvas wyalTa meurneobis marTvis praqtikaSisaqarTveloSi.publikacia momzadda evrokavSiris mier dafinansebuli mdinareTa sazRvarTSorisi marTvisregionuli proeqtis, mdinare mtkvris auzis II fazis farglebSi (tasis-i 2007/134-398). proeqtispartnioria garemos dacvis da bunebrivi resursebis saministro - wamyvani samTavroboorganizacia, romelic qmnis garemosa da wylis menejmentis politikas saqarTveloSi.2009 w. TebervaliTbilisiPREFACEGeorgia is increasingly looking for an enhanced cooperation with the European Union. The priority areas forcooperation have been agreed by the Georgian Government and the European Commission in the countryStrategy Paper for 2007-2013 under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument. The mutuallyagreed EU/Georgia Action Plan shows Georgia’s commitment to implement jointly agreed priorities in compliancewith international and European norms and principles. The plan identified priority actions for key environmentalsectors including water management.In the European Union the most important piece of legislation covering protection of water environment is theWater Framework Directive. It defines the key principles as well as the key objectives and the implementation planfor the management of water resources in the European Union.This is the first publication of the Water Framework Directive in the Georgian language. We hope it will helpGeorgia’s decision makers to better understand the European approach to water management and will facilitateintegration of this approach into water management legislation and practices in Georgia.The publication is prepared under the European funded regional project Trans-boundary River Management PhaseII for the Kura River basin (TACIS/2007/134-398). The Project Partner is Ministry of Environment Protection andNatural Resources, the leading government body in setting environmental and water management policies inGeorgia.February 2009TbilisiThe project is funded by the European Union andimplemented by Eptisa & Grontmij-CarlBro consortium1


wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivis mimoxilvawylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva, evrokavSiris wylebis dacvis mizniT Seqmnili, umniSvnelovanesisakanonmdeblo dokumentia evropaSi.igi isaxavs sakmaod ambiciur miznebs evrokavSiris wylebis xarisxisa da dacvis kuTxiT da efuZnebawylis resursebis saauzo marTvis principiT midgomas.aris kidev, evrokavSiris wylis kanonmdeblobasTan dakavSirebuli, oTxi dokumenti, romlebicmoqmedebaSi darCeba wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivasTan erTad:• direqtiva urbanuli Camdinare wylebis gawmendis SesaxebSesavali• direqtiva sarekreacio wylebis Sesaxeb,• direqtiva nitratebis Sesaxeb da• direqtiva sasmeli wylis Sesaxebwylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva (2000/60/EC)direqtiva moicavs wylis yvela kategorias (mdinareebi, tbebi, miwisqveSa wylebi, aseve transasazRvroan teritoriuli wylebi), da isaxavs mkafio miznebs, kerZod:• `kargi statusi” miRweul unda iqnes 2015 wlisTvis• wylis resursebis gamoyeneba mTels evropaSi unda iyos racionaluri• wylis resursebis racionaluri gamoyeneba uzrunvelyofil unda iqnes mTel evropaSidireqtiva emyareba Semdeg ZiriTad principebs:• 2015 wlisTvis wylis “kargi statusis” miRweva;• wylis yvela kategoriis dacva• moTxovnebi mdinareTa auzebis doneze wylis resursebis marTvis gansaxocieleblad saauzomarTvis gegmis SemuSavebis gziT. transasazRvro wylis obieqtebis arsebobisas aucilebeliaAmosazRvre qveynebs Soris TanamSromloba.• yvela monawile mxaris, arasamTavrobo organizaciebisa da adgilobrivi Temebis CaTvliT,aqtiuri monawileobis uzrunvelyofa wylis resursebis marTvis procesSi• wylis fasis politikis SemuSaveba `momxmarebeli ixdis” principis safuZvelze• garemos dacvis interesebis dabalanseba maTTan, vinc damokidebulia garemozeaRniSnuli ambiciuri miznebis misaRwevad da direqtivis stabiluri ganxorcielebis mizniT yvelawevr qveyanasa da maT sazRvrebs gareT, direqtivis Sesruleba dagegmilia etapobrivad,samsafexuriani procesis mixedviT:1. pirveli etapi moicavs wylis resursebis winaswar daxasiaTebas arsebul, geografiul,hidrologiur da xarisxobriv maCveneblebze dayrdnobiT. es procesi iZleva `riskis qveS myofi”(ekologiuri xarisxis mniSvnelovani cvlileba anTropogenuri zemoqmedebis Sedegad), `SesaZloriskis qveS myofi” (cvlilebis donis dasadgenad an amgvari cvlilebis dasaregulirebladsakmarisi informaciis ararseboba) da `urisko” (araviTari an odnavi cvlileba). es pirveliSefaseba ekonomikur analizsac moicavs.2. meore etapze unda SemuSavdes wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivasTan Tavsebadi monitoringis qseli.monitoringis Sedegebze dayrdnobiT, wylis maragebis daxasiaTeba SeiZleba, dakonkretdes da,rogorc biologiuri, aseve qimiuri elementebis xarisxis gaTvaliswinebiT, ganisazRvros misistatusi. es samuSao unda Catardes imisTvis, rom moxdes wylis statusis klasifikacia, rogorcamas moiTxovs “wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva”.3. da bolos, yvela mdinaris auzisTvis unda SemuSavdes `mdinaris auzis marTvis gegma”, konkretulRonisZiebaTa programebis CaTvliT. manam, sanam moxdeba mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis saboloodamtkiceba da misi evrokomisiisTvis wardgena, mdinaris auzis qveynebis mTavrobebma undauzrunvelyon gegmis sazogadoebisTvis miwodeba da Ria, sajaro ganxilva.gegmebis SemuSavebis pirveli cikli grZeldeba 2009 wlamde. amis Semdeg gegmebis ganxilva undamoxdes yovel eqvs weliwadSi erTxel da, Tu am periodisTvis ver moxerxda miznebis ganxorcieleba,Sesabamisad, Uunda moxdes maTi koreqtirebaamocanebi2


wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivis mTavari mizania evrokavSiris wylebis kargi statusis miRweva 2015wlamdewylis kargi statusi gulisxmobs: zedapiruli wylebis karg ekologiur da qimiur mdgomareobasa damiwisqveSa wylebis karg qimiur da raodenobriv maxasiaTeblebs.direqtivis danarT V-Si gansazRvrulia, Tu ras niSnavs `kargi ekologiuri statusi SesaZlo`saukeTeso”, `kargi” da `saSualo” statusi sxvadasxva xarisxobriv elementTan mimarTebaSimocemulia qvemoT. xarisxobrivi elementebi moicavs:• biologiur elementebs, mag. konkretuli wylis mcenareebis (wylis flora) an cxovelebis[benthic invertebrate fauna) Semadgenloba da raodenoba.• hidromorfologiur elementebs, mag. mdinaris Camonadenis dinamika, mdinaris uwyvetoba anmorfologiuri pirobebi, rogoricaa sanapiro zonis struqtura.• qimiur da fiziko-qimiur elementebs, romlebic xels uwuobs biologiuri elementebissazrdoobas, mag. sazrdoTi uzrunvelyofis pirobebs (azotisa da fosforis koncentracia), daJangvisprocesis mimdinareobas.`saukeTeso statusis” ekosistema ar ganicdis an TiTqmis ar ganicdis adamianis CareviT gamowveuluaryofiT gavlenas. sxva sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, igi bunebriv pirobebTan maqsimaluradaamiaxloebuli. amas, agreTve, uwodeben `saTanado pirobebs kargi ekologiuri mdgomareobisTvis”. Turogoria aRniSnuli saTanado pirobebi konkretuli ekosistemisTvis, damokidebulia ekosistemisbunebriv maxasiaTeblebsa da geografiul regionze. imisaTvis, rom aRniSnuli pirobebis gansazRvrayvela wevr qveyanaSi moxdes SedarebiTi da urTierTSesabamisi gziT, yoveli wevri qveyanamonawileobas iRebs saerTaSoriso daxarisxebis savarjiSoSi.saerTaSoriso daxarisxebis savarjiSos mizania, evropis teritoriaze zedapiruli wylebisTvisekologiuri xarisxis Sefasebis Sesadarebeli sistemebisa da ekologiuri xarisxis harmonizirebulikriteriumebis SemuSaveba. evropaSi Seqmnilia 14 geografiuli saerTaSoriso daxarisxebis jgufi,romlebic cdiloben aRniSnuli amocanis Sesrulebas.kargi statusis miRwevis garda, aseve, dasaxulia Semdegi amocanebi:• zedapirul da miwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobis araviTari gauareseba da wylis mTelimaragis dacva, gazrda da aRdgena.• mavne nivTierebebiT dabinZurebis Tanmimdevruli Semcireba da zedapirul wylebSijanmrTelobisTvis saSiSi nivTierebebis aRmofxvra, aseve miwisqveSa wylebisdamabinZurebeli nivTierebebiT dabinZurebis akrZalva da Semcireba.• miwisqveSa wylebSi damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis mniSvnelovani zrdis tendenciissapirispirod Semobruneba.• daculi teritoriebisTvis evropul kanonmdeblobaSi gansazRvruli normebisa daamocanebis Sesruleba.wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva, aseve, exeba Zlier modificirebul da xelovnurad Seqmnil wylisobieqtebs. wylis am kategoriebisTvis dasaxulia `specialuri amocanebi”. 2015 wlisTvis undamivaRwioT mxolod `karg ekologiur statuss”. amasTan erTad, wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivagansazRvravs aRniSnuli wylis obieqtebis gamoyenebis Zalian mkacr kriteriumebs.is garemosdaciTi amocanebi da garemoebebi (gamonaklisi SemTxvevebi), romelTa drosac qveynebsnormebidan gadaxvevis ufleba aqvT, aRwerilia wylis Sesaxeb am CarCo direqtivis me-4 muxlSi.gamonaklisi SemTxvevebi wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivis garemosdacviTi amocanebis ganuyofelinawilia. isini wevr qveynebs `kargi mdgomareobidan” gadaxvevis saSualebas aZleven.sazogadoebis monawileobayvela dainteresebuli mxare, magaliTad, arasamTavrobo organizaciebi, adgilobrivi xelisufleba dawyalmommaragebeli sawarmoebi, CarTuli unda iyvnen diskusiebSi, romelTa safuZvelze undaCamoyalibdes `mdinaris auzis marTvis gegma”. amis sami mizezi arsebobs:• informaciis miwodeba yvela dainteresebuli pirisTvis im SesaZlo sakiTxebze, romlebicdakavSirebulia mdinaris auzTan.• informaciis Segroveba adgilobriv doneze, mag. informaciebi adgilobrivi da regionSimyofi dainteresebuli pirebisgan.• sxvadasxva alternatiuli gzebis Sesaxeb axsna-ganmartebebis micema mezobeliteritoriebis garemos dacvis statusis ganviTarebis Sesaxeb da konsensusis miRwevaxelmZRvanelobasa da sxva dainteresebul mxareebs Soris.diskusiebis Sedegad, romlebic unda gaimarTos adgilobriv da regionis xelisuflebasTan, aseve,sxva dainteresebul mxareebTan, romlebic CarTuli arian wylis resursebis marTvis sakiTxebSi, undaCamoyalibdes naTeli Sexeduleba efeqturobaze da momzaddes SesaZlo RonisZiebaTa gegma an3


ganisazRvros prioritetebi alternatiul RonisZiebaTa Soris. am procesis Sedegad an kvlav undadadasturdes ukve gansazRvruli amocanebi an moxdes aqcentireba SesaZlo gamonaklis SemTxvevebze.Zalian xSirad, warsulSi, gegmis ganxorcielebis Semowmeba ar xdeboda sakmaod gvian periodamde,anu, im dromde, roca wevri qveynebi didad CamorCebodnen grafiks da adgili hqonda Seusabamoebebsac.informaciisa da gamocdilebis gacvlis mizniT wylis sistemaSi momuSave profesionalebs Sorisevropis masStabiT adreul etapze, sainformacio qselis amoqmedebiT SesaZlebeli iqnebazemoaRniSnuli problemebis Tavidan acileba.mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi da RonisZiebaTa programaramdenadac wyali Tavisi maxasiaTebeli niSniT sazRvrebs ar eqvemdebareba, misi racionalurigamoyeneba da dacva unda xorcieldebodes hidrologiuri sazRvrebis safuZvelze, xolo saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi – uwyebaTaSorisi an, Tundac, saerTaSoriso TanamSromlobis gziT.amitom, wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva mouwodebs imisken, rom wylis resursis marTva miznadisaxavdes direqtivis amocanebis Sesrulebas geografiul teritoriebs SigniT an mdinaris auzisraionebSi. es, upirveles yovlisa, damokidebulia zedapiruli wylebis Camonadenze, masTandakavSirebul miwisqveSa wylebis maragebze Sesabamis sazRvrebSi.TiToeuli mdinaris auzis raionisTvis unda warimarTos mdinaris auzis gegmarebis procesi.aRniSnuli procesis (analizi, monitoringi, amocanaTa gansazRvra da RonisZiebaTa gaTvaliswinebawylis statusis SenarCunebis an gaumjobesebis mizniT) pirveli etapia mdinaris auzis marTvisTavdapirveli gegmis SemuSaveba. es dokumenti gamoqveyndeba 2009 wels. mdinaris auzis marTvis gegma:• daafiqsirebs wylis resursebis mimdinare mdgomareobas mdinaris auzis farglebSi;• dasaxavs RonisZiebebs, romlebic uzrunvelyofs amocanebis Sesrulebas;mdinaris auzis marTvis dagegmarebis mTeli procesi moicavs RonisZiebaTa programebis momzadebas,mdinaris auzis doneze, wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiviT gansazRvruli garemosdacviTi miznebisefeqturad ganxorcielebisTvis. RonisZiebaTa programis dagegmva, Sesruleba da Sefaseba arisganmeorebadi procesi, rac, albaT moicavs pirveli (2009), meore (2015) an Semdgomi ciklebis (2021, 2027)mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmas.mTavar RonisZiebaTa Sorisaa wylis obieqtis dabinZurebis wyaros kontroli. mTavar RonisZiebaTanawils Seadgens, agreTve, ekonomikuri instrumentis gamoyeneba, rogoricaa wyalze fasis daweseba. aq,gansakuTrebuli aqcenti unda iqnas gakeTebuli principze “dambinZurebeli ixdis”. direqtiva miznadisaxavs wylis resursis racionalur gamoyenebas, Sesabamisi fasebis dadebis politikis SemuSaveba.dagegmarebis process, RonisZiebaTa programis SesrulebasTan erTad, xSirad moixsenieben, rogorcmdinaris auzis marTvas. informacia mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis Sesaxeb unda iyos xelmisawvdomifarTo sazogadoebisaTvis da gaTvaliswinebuli iqnas maTTan konsultaciis Sedegebi.ras cvlis wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva?wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtiva aris yovlismomcveli sakanonmdeblo dokumenti. igi exeba wylispolitikis im sferoebs, romlebic ukve Sesulia evropul kanonmdeblobaSi.am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan Svid weliwadSi Zalas dakargaven Semdegi dokumentebi:• 1975 wlis 16 ivnisis evrosabWos direqtiva 75/440/EEC, romelic exeba im zedapiruli wylebisxarisxze moTxovnas, saidanac xdeba wylis aReba sasmeli miznebisaTvis;• 1977 wlis 12 dekembris evrosabWos gadawyvetileba 77/795/EEC, romelic exeba erTianiproceduris dawesebas, evropis masStabiT zedapiruli mtknari wylebis xarisxis Sesaxebinformaciis gacvlis mizniT;•• 1979 wlis 9 oqtombris evrosabWos direqtiva 79/869/EEC, romelic exeba im zedapiruliwylebis xarjiis gazomvis meTods, nimuSebis aRebis sixSiresa da analizebis Catarebas,romlebidanac igegmeba sasmeli wylis miReba wevr qveynebSi.am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan 13 weliwadSi Zalas dakargaven Semdegi dokumentebi:• 1978 wlis 18 ivlisis evrosabWos direqtiva 78/659/EEC im mtknari wylebis xarisxze, romlebicsaWiroebs dacvas an gaumjobesebas, raTa Tevzebis arsebobas safrTxe ar daemuqros;• 1979 wlis 30 oqtombris evrosabWos direqtiva 79/923/EEC, romelic exeba im wylebisaucilebel xarisxs, romlebSic binadroben niJariani wylis cxovelebi;• 1979 wlis 17 dekembris evrosabWos direqtiva 80/68/EEC, romelic exeba konkretuli saxifaTonivTierebiT miwisqveSa wylebis dacvas dabinZurebisgan;4


• 1976 wlis 4 maisis evrosabWos direqtiva 76/464/EEC, me-6 muxlis gamoklebiT, romelicgauqmebulad CaiTvleba direqtivis ZalaSi SesvlisTanave.Semdegi gardamavali debulebebi gamoiyeneba 76/464/EEC direqtivasTan dakavSirebiT:1. nivTierebaTa prioritetuli CamonaTvali, romelic miRebulia wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivisme-16 muxlis safuZvelze, cvlis nivTierebebis sias, romelic miRebuli iyo evrokomisiis 1982wlis sabWos komunikeSi:2. direqtiva 76/464/EEC-is me-7 muxlis miznebisTvis, wevr qveynebs SeuZliaT, mimarTon mTavardamnaSaveebs dabinZurebasTan dakavSirebuli problemebis dasadgenad da imis gasarkvevad, Tura nivTierebebia dabinZurebis gamomwvevi, aseve, SeuZliaT, mimarTon xarisxis standartebisdawesebulebas da gamoiyenon zomebi, romlebsac iTvaliswinebs wylis Sesaxeb CarCodireqtiva.rogoria wylis Sesaxeb CarCo direqtivis Sesrulebis ganrigi?weli sakiTxi wyaro2000 direqtiva Sevida ZalaSi muxl. 252003 gadanacvleba erovnul kanonmdeblobaSi muxl. 23mdinaris auzis raionebisa da kompetenturi organoebis dadgena muxl. 32004 mdinaris auzis daxasiaTeba: antropogenuri zegavlena garemoze da muxl. 5wylis gamoyenebis (wyalsargeblobis) ekonomikuri analizi.2006 monitoringis qselis Camoyalibeba muxl. 8sajaro konsultaciebis dawyeba muxl. 142008 mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis proeqtis warmodgena muxl. 132009 mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis miReba RonisZiebaTa programis muxl. 13&11CaTvliT2010 fasebis dadgenis politikis SemoReba muxl. 92012 RonisZiebaTa programebis SemuSaveba muxl. 112015 garemosdacviTi amocanebis Sesruleba muxl. 42021 mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis ganaxleba muxl. 4&132027 mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis ganaxleba muxl. 4&135


evropis Tanamegobrobis oficialuri Jurnali(aqtebi, romelTa gamoqveyneba savaldebuloa)evropis parlamentisa da evrokavSiris sabWos 2000 wlis 23 oqtombris direqtiva 2000/60/ECevropis Tanamegobrobis qmedebis CarCo direqtiva wylis politikis sferoSievropis parlamenti da evrokavSiris sabWo,iTvaliswinebs ra SeTanxmebas, romlis safuZvelze Camoyalibebulia evropuli Tanamegobroba da,gansakuTrebiT, iTvaliswinebs ra SeTanxmebis 175 (1) muxls,iTvaliswinebs ra evrokomisiis winadadebas 1 ,iTvaliswinebs ra ekonomikuri da socialuri komitetis 2 azrs,iTvaliswinebs ra regionebis komitetebis 3 azrs,moqmedebs Sesabamisad procedurisa, romelic mocemulia SeTanxmebis 251-e muxlSi 4 , da erTobliviteqstisa safuZvelze, romelic moiwona SeTanxmebis komitetma 2000 wlis 18 ivliss,mxedvelobaSi iqna miRebuli Semdegi:(1) wyali, sxva produqtebis msgavsad, ar warmoadgens komerciul produqts, aramed igi arismemkvidreoba, romelic saWiroebs dacvas.(2) 1988 wels frankfurtSi gamarTul Tanamegobrobis wylis politikis ministerialur seminarzegakeTebul daskvnaSi xazi gaesva saWiroebas Tanamegobrobis kanonmdeblobisa, romelicgansazRvravda ekologiur xarisxs. sabWom Tavis 1988 wlis 28 ivnisis rezoluciaSi 5 sTxova komisias,wamoeyenebina winadadebebi Tanamegobrobis teritoriaze zedapiruli wylebis ekologiuri xarisxisgaumjobesebaze.(3) miwisqveSa wylebis Sesaxeb 1991 wels haagaSi gamarTul ministerialur seminaris deklaraciaSisaubaria zomebis miRebis saWiroebaze, raTa Tavidan iqnes acilebuli mtknari wylis xarisxisgauareseba da moculobis Semcireba grZelvadian periodSi. deklaraciaSi iyo mowodeba 2000wlisTvis ganxorcielebuliyo programa, romelic uzrunvelyofda mtknari wylis resursebisracionalur marTvasa da Tanmimdevrul dacvas. Tavis 1992 wlis 25 Tebervlisa 6 da 1995 wlis 20Tebervlis 7 rezoluciebSi sabWom moiTxova samoqmedo programa miwisqveSa wylebisTvis da, aseve,moiTxova, mtknari wylis dacvis mTliani politikis Semadgeneli nawili, 1979 wlis 17 dekembrissabWos direqtivis 80/68/EEC gadaxedva, romelic exeba konkretuli saSiSi nivTierebebiT miwisqveSawylebis dabinZurebisgan, dacvas 8 .(4) Tanamegobrobis teritoriaze kargi xarisxis wylis raodenobaze, nebismieri daniSnulebiT,gazrdili moTxovnis gamo, izrdeba wylis resursebze zewolac. 1995 wlis 10 noembers evropisgaremos dacvis saagentom Tavis moxsenebaSi `ekologia evrokavSirSi, 1995” warmoadgina gadasinjuliekologiuri angariSi, riTac daasabuTa zomebis miRebis saWiroeba Tanamegobrobis teritoriazewylis resursebis dacvis mizniT, rogorc xarisxobrivi, aseve raodenobrivi TvalsazrisiT.(5) 1995 wlis 18 dekembers sabWom moiwona daskvnebi, romlebic, sxvaTa Soris, iTxovda axali CarCodireqtivis SemuSavebas, sadac Camoyalibebuli iqneboda evrokavSiris wylis mdgradi politikisprincipebi da mouwodebda evrokomisias wamoeyenebina sakuTari winadadebebi.1 OJ C 184, 17.6.1997, gv. 20,OJ C 16, 20.1.1998, gv. 14 daOJ C 108, 7.4.1998, gv. 94.2 OJ C 355, 21.11.1997, gv. 83.3 OJ C 180, 11.6.1998, gv. 38.4 evroparlamentis 1999wlis 11 Tebervlis mosazreba (OJC 150, 28.5.1999, gv. 419), mowonebuli iqna 1999 wlis 16 seqtembers, xolo sabWos erTiani pozicia – 1999wlis 22 oqtombers (OJ C 343,30.11.1999, gv. 1). evroparlamentis 2000 wlis 7 seqtembrisa da sabWos 2000 wlis 14 seqtembrisgadawyvetilebebi.5(5) OJ C 209, 9.8.1988, gv. 3.6 (6) OJ C 59, 6.3.1992, gv. 2.7 (7) OJ C 49, 28.2.1995, gv. 1.8 (8) OJ L 20, 26.1.1980, gv. 43. direqtiva, Sesworebuli 91/692/EEC (OJ L 377, 31.12.1991, direqtiviT gv. 48).6


(6) 1996 wlis 21 Tebervals evrokomisiam miiRo komunike evroparlamentisa da evrosabWosadmi, sadacgadmocemulia evropis wylis politikis principebi.(7) 1996 wlis 9 seqtembers evrokomisiam warmoadgina winadadeba evroparlamentis miergadawyvetilebis misaRebad da 22.12.2000 EN evrosazogadoebis oficialur JurnalSi L 327/1dafiqsirebulia evropis sabWos pozicia miwisqveSa wylebis integrirebuli marTvis Sesaxeb (1 1 ). amwinadadebaSi evrokomisiam xazi gausva procedurebis Camoyalibebis saWiroebas, procedurebisa,romlebic daaregulirebda mtknari wylis aTvisebas da monitorings gauwevda mis xarisxsa damoculobas.(8) 1995 wlis 29 maiss evrokomisiam miiRo komunike evroparlamentisa da evropis sabWosadmi,Wabteniani teritoriebis gonivruli gamoyenebisa da konservaciis sakiTxebze, amiT xazi gaesvateniani niadagebis mniSvnelovan rols wylis resursebis dacvis saqmeSi.(9) saWiroa, SemuSavdes wylis integrirebuli politika evrokavSiris qveynebisaTvis.(10) evropis sabWos 1996 wlis 25 ivnisis sxdomaze, 1996 wlis 26 seqtembris komitetis regionalurSekrebaze, 1996 wlis 26 seqtembris ekonomikuri da socialuri komitetis krebaze da 1996 wlis 23oqtombris evroparlamentis sxdomaze gaisma mowodeba evrokavSiris komisiisadmi, raTa amukanasknels wamoeyenebina winadadebebi evropis sabWos direqtivis miRebaze, romelic gaxdebodaevropuli wylis politikis CarCo kanoni.(11) rogorc gadmocemulia SeTanxmebis 174-e muxlSi, garemos dacvis evropulma politikam xeli undaSeuwyos miznebis ganxorcielebas, miznebisa, rac gamoixateba ekologiuri xarisxis dacvasa dagaumjobesebaSi, bunebrivi resursebis gonivrul da racionalur gamoyenebaSi da igi undaefuZnebodes gamafrTxilebel princips, principebs, sadac prioroteti eniWeba ekologiuri zianiswyaros prevencias da princips dambinZurebeli ixdis.(12) SeTanxmebis 174-e muxlis mixedviT, garemos dacvis politikis momzadebis procesSi, mxedvelobaSiunda iqnas miRebuli xelmisawvdomi mecnieruli da teqnikuri monacemebi, ekologiuri pirobebievropis teritoriis sxvadasxva regionSi, ekonomikuri da socialuri ganviTarebis done mTlianad daregionebis dabalansebuli ganviTareba, aseve konkretuli qmedebis an umoqmedobis potenciuri xarjida sargebeli.(13) Tanamegobrobis teritoriaze arsebobs gansxvavebuli pirobebi da saWiroebani, romlebicmoiTxovs gansxvavebul, specifikur gadawyvetilebebs. aRniSnuli sxvadasxvaoba gaTvaliswinebuliunda iqnes im RonisZiebebis dagegmvisa da Sesrulebis procesSi, romlebic emsaxureba konkretulimdinaris auzSi wylis resursis dacvisa da misi racionaluri gamoyenebis uzrunvelyofas.gadawyvetilebebis miReba swored im unda moxdes rac SeiZleba axlos im teritoriebTan, sadacadgili aqvs wylis resursze zemoqmedebas an misiT sargeblobas. prioriteti unda mieniWos iseTqmedebebs, romlebic xorcieldeba wevri qveynis pasuxismgeblobis qveS da gulisxmobs RonisZiebaTaiseTi programis SemuSavebas, romelic SesabamisobaSia regionalur da adgilobriv pirobebTan.(14) direqtivis warmateba damokidebulia Tanamegobrobis, wevri qveynebisa da adgilobrivixelisuflebis mWidro TanamSromlobasa da maT Soris SeTanxmebul, erTian qmedebebze, aseveinformaciaze, sajaro konsultaciebsa da sazogadoebis CarTulobaze, konkretuli momxmareblebisCaTvliT.(15) wyalmomarageba aris ZiriTadi momsaxureba, rogorc es ganmartebulia evrokomisiis komunikeSisaerTo interesebis mqone momsaxurebebis Sesaxeb 2 .(16) wylis maragebis dacvisa da racionaluri marTvis Semdgomi integracia aucilebeliaTanamegobrobis politikis iseT sferoebTan, rogirebicaa energetika, transporti, soflis meurneoba,TevzWera; integracia, aseve, saWiroa regionalur politikasTan da turizmis sferosTan. winamdebaredireqtivam unda moamzados safuZveli uwyveti dialogisTvis da gansamtkiceblad iseTistrategiebisa, romlebic uzrunvelyofs erTi politikis sxvadasxva sferoebis integracias.direqtivas, agreTve, SeuZlia, mniSvnelovnad, xeli Seuwyos wevr qveynebs Soris TanamSromlobisgaRrmavebas sxvadasxva dargebSi da, sxvaTa Soris, - `evropis sivrcobrivi ganviTarebisperspeqtivasac”.(17) wylis efeqturi da erTiani Tanmimdevruli politika unda iTvaliswinebdes im wylisekosistemebis mgrZnobiarobas, romlebic mdebareobs zRvis napiris an mdinaris deltis siaxloves, anyureSi an SedarebiT Caketil zRvebTan, ramdenadac maT mdgradobaze did zegavlenas axdens im Sidawylebis xarisxi, romlebic maTSi Caedineba. mdinaris auzis SigniT wylis statusis dacvauzrunvelyofs ekonomikur sargebels, Tevzebis populaciis dacvis saxiT, Tevzis sanapiropopulaciebis CaTvliT.(18) evropuli Tanamegobrobis wylis politika moiTxovs gamWvirvale, efeqtur da erTiansakanonmdeblo sistemas. Tanamegobrobam unda ixelmZRvanelos erTiani principebiTa da erTianisamoqmedo struqturiT. winamdebare direqtivam unda uzrunvelyos aseTi struqturis Seqmna damoaxdinos ZiriTadi principebis koordinacia da integracia, xolo grZelvadian perspeqtivaSiganaviTaros aRniSnuli principebi da struqtura Tanamegobrobis teritoriaze wylis resursebisdacvisa da maTi racionaluri gamoyenebis mizniT, subsidirebis principis Sesabamisad.1 OJ C 355, 25.11.1996, gv. 1.2 OJ C 281, 26.9.1996, gv. 3.7


(19) direqtiva miznad isaxavs Tanamegobrobis teritoriaze wylis ekologiis SenarCunebasa dagaumjobesebas. aRniSnuli mizani, pirvel rigSi exeba aRniSnul teritoriaze arsebuli wylebisxarisxs. wylis moculobis kontroli, meore rigis elementia wylis kargi xarisxis uzrunvelyofisprocesSi. amitom unda dawesdes wylis raodenobrivi kontrolic.L 327/2 EN evropuli Tanamegobrobis oficialuri Jurnali 22.12.2000(20) miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivma mdgomareobam SesaZloa, gavlena iqonios miwiszeda zedapiruliwylebis ekologiur xarisxze da miwiszeda ekosistemebze, romlebic kavSirSia zemoaRniSnulmiwisqvesa wylebTan.(21) Tanamegobroba da wevri qveynebi warmoadgenen mravali saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebis monawilemxares. aRniSnuli xelSekrulebebi Seicavs mniSvnelovan valdebulebebs zRvis wylebisdabinZurebisgan dacvis TvalsazrisiT. kerZod, esaa 1992 wlis 9 aprils helsinkSi xelmowerili daevropis sabWos gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze 94/157/EC 1 damtkicebuli konvencia baltiis zRvisarealis zRvis garemos dacvis Sesaxeb; 1992 wlis 22 seqtembers parizSi xelmowerili da evropissabWos gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze 98/249/EC 2 miRebuli konvencia Crdilo-aRmosavleT atlantikiszRvis garemos dacvis Sesaxeb; da 1976 wlis 16 Tebervals barselonaSi xelmowerili da evropissabWos gadawyvetilebis 77/585/EEC 3 safuZvelze ratificirebuli konvencia xmelTaSua zRvisdabinZurebisgan dacvis Sesaxeb; 1980 wlis 17 maisSi aTenSi xelmowerili da evropis sabWosgadawyvetilebis safuZvelze 83/101/EEC 4 miRebuli oqmi xmelTaSua zRvis xmeleTidan dabinZurebisgandacvis Sesaxeb. es direqtiva daexmareba evropis Tanamegobrobasa da wevr qveynebs zemoxsenebulivaldebulebebis SesrulebaSi.(22) es direqtiva Tavis wvlils Seitans wyalSi janmrTelobisTvis mavne nivTierebebis emisiisTanmimdevrulad Semcirebis saqmeSi.(23) erTiani principebi saWiroa imisTvis, uzrunvelyofil iqnas wevri qveynebis RonisZebaTakoordinacia, raTa dacul iqnas Tanamegobrobis teritoriuli wylebi raodenobrivi da xarisxobriviTvalsazrisiT, damkvidrdes wylis racionaluri gamoyenebis xelSewyoba, moxdes trsnssasazRvrowylebTan dakavSirebuli problemebis kontroli, dacul iqnas wylis ekosistemebi, xmeleTisekosistemebi da Warbteniani teritoriebi, romlebic uSualod maTze arian damokidebulni, daculiiyos da ganviTardes Tanamegobrobis wylebis gamoyenebis potenciali.(24) wylis kargi xarisxi ganapirobebs mosaxleobis sasmeli wyliT momaragebis garantias.(25) xarisxTan mimarTebaSi da, rodesac amas moiTxovs garemosdacviTi miznebi, raodenobasTanmimarTebaSic unda damkvidrdes wylis statusis aRmniSvneli saerTo ganmartebebi. garemosdacviTiamocanebi orientirebuli unda iyos zedapiruli da miwisqveSa wylebis kargi statusis miRweviskenTanamegobrobis mTel teritoriaze da unda uzrunvelyofil iqnes statusis gauaresebis dauSveblobaTanamegobrobis doneze.(26) wevri qveynebi unda eswrafodnen, minimum, kargi wylis statusis miRwevas, saTanado RonisZiebebisSemuSavebisa da ganxorcielebis gziT RonisZiebaTa integrirebuli programis farglebSi,Tanamegobrobis arsebuli moTxovnebis gaTvaliswinebiT. iq, sadac ukve miRweulia kargi wylisstatusi, unda moxdes misi SenarCuneba. miwisqveSa wylebTan mimarTebaSi, kargi wylis statusismoTxovnis dakmayofilebis garda, unda dafiqsirdes da amoifxvras dabinZurebis zrdis nebismierimniSvnelovani da mdgradi tendencia.(27) am direqtivis saboloo mizania mavne nivTierebebiT dabinZurebis Semcireba da iseTikoncentraciis miRweva zRvis wylebSi, romelic maqsimalurad uaxlovdeba bunebrivad warmoqmnilinivTierebebis moculobas.(28) zedapiruli da miwisqveSa wylebi, principSi, ganaxlebadi bunebrivi resursia; miwisqveSa wyliskargi statusis uzrunvelsayofad gamiznuli samuSao moiTxovs winaswari reagirebisa da dacviTiRonisZiebebis Tanmimdevrul grZelvadian dagegmvas, gamomdinare iqidan, rom formirebisa daganaxlebisTvis bunebrivad saWiroa garkveuli drois periodi. es periodi gaTvaliswinebuli undaiyos grafikebSi, miwisqveSa wylebis kargi statusis misaRwevad da dabinZurebis zrdis nebismierimniSvnelovani da mdgradi tendenciis Semosabrunebeli RonisZiebebis dagegmvis dros.(29) raTa miRweul iqnas am direqtivaSi dasaxuli miznebi, RonisZiebaTa programis SemuSavebisprocesSi xarjebis sworad gadanawilebis mizniT, wevr qveynebs SeuZliaT gansaxorcielebelRonisZiebaTa programis fazebad dayofa.(30) am direqtivis sruli da Tanmimdevruli Sesrulebis sagarantiod, Sesrulebis dro, grafikismixedviT, SesaZloa, gagrZeldes, Sesabamisi, TvalsaCino da gamWvirvale kriteriumebis safuZvelze damas mxari dauWiros wevrma qveynebma mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebSi.(31) im SemTxvevebSi, rodesac adamianis saqminobis Sedegad wylis sivrceze uaryofiTi zegavlenaimdenad didia an, rodesac misi bunebrivi mdgomareoba imgvaria, rom kargi statusis miRwevaSeuZlebeli an gaumarTleblad Zviri SeiZleba Rirdes, Sesabamisi, TvalsaCino da gamWvirvalekriteriumebis safuZvelze SeiZleba ganisazRvros naklebad mkacri garemosdacviTi miznebi da yvelaaucilebeli zoma iqnes miRebuli wylebis mdgomareobis Semdgomi gauaresebis Tavidan asacileblad.1 OJ L 73, 16.3.1994, gv. 19.2 OJ L 104, 3.4.1998, gv. 1.3 OJ L 240, 19.9.1977, gv. 1.4 OJ L 67, 12.3.1983, gv. 1.8


(32) konkretul pirobebSi SeiZleba arsebobdes safuZveli gamonaklise- isaTvis immoTxovnaze, romelic Seexeba Semdgomi gauaresebis Tavidan acilebas an kargi statusis miRwevas,Tuki warumatebloba aris Sedegi gauTvaliswinebeli da gansakuTrebuli garemoebebisa, kerZod,wyaldidobebisa da gvalvebisa, anA ganpirobebulia sazogadoebis mniSvnelovani interesiT andakavSirebulia zedapiruli wylis obieqtis fizikuri maxasiaTeblebis cvlilebebTan, an miwisqveSawyalsatevebis donis cvlasTan, imis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom yvela aucilebeli zoma iqneba miRebuliwylis obieqtis mdgomareobis Semdgomi gauaresebis Tavidan asacileblad.(33) amocanaA wylis kargi statusis misaRwevad ganxorcielebuli unda iqnes TiToeuli mdinarisauzisaTvis ise, rom uzrunvelyofil iqnes erTi da igive ekologiur, hidrologiur dahidrogeologiur sistemaSi arsebul zedapirul da miwiqveSa wylebTan dakavSirebul RonisZiebaTakoordinacia.(34) garemos dacvis mizniT, saWiroa rogorc zedapiruli, aseve miwisqveSa wylebis xarisxobrivi daraodenobrivi aspeqtebis ganxilvis metad integrireba.(35) mdinaris auzis farglebSi, sadac wylis gamoyenebas SeiZleba hqondes transsasazRvro xasiaTi,winamdebare direqtivaSi gansazRvruli garemosadacviTi amocanebis SesrulebisaTvis saWiromoTxovnebi, kerZod, yvela RonisZiebaTa programa, koordinirebuli unda iqnes mdinaris auzis mTeliraionisaTvis. Mim mdinareTa auzebisaTvis, romlebic ar mdebareoben Tanamegobrobis sazRvrebSi,wevri qveynebi unda Seecadnon uzrunvelyon saTanado koordinacia Sesabamis arawevr qveynebTan.winamdebare direqtiva miznad isaxavs Tanamegobrobis valdebulebebis Sesrulebas wylis dacvisa damarTvis saerTaSoriso konvenciebis, kerZod, gaerTianebuli erebis konvenciis ”transsasazRvrowylebisa wyalsadinarebisa da saerTaSoriso tbebis gamoyenebisa da dacvis Sesaxeb” farglebSi,romelic damtkicebuli iqna evrosabWos #95/308/EC 1 gadawyvetilebiT, aseve, mis gamoyenebasTandakavSirebiT miRebuli momdevno xelSekrulebebis farglebSi.(36) aucilebelia Catardes mdinaris auzis maxasiaTeblebis da anTropogenuli zemoqmedebis, agreTve,wylis gamoyenebis ekonomikuri aspeqtebis analizi. wylis statusis gaumjobeseba undakontroldebodes wevri qveynebis mier sistematiurad da SedarebiTi meTodis safuZvelze mTeliTanamegobrobis farglebSi. Ees informacia saWiroa imisaTvis, rom wevri qveynebisaTvis SeiqmnassaTanado safuZveli winamdebare direqtivaSi gansazRvruli miznebis miRwevisaTvis saWiroRonisZiebaTa programis SesamuSaveblad.(37) wevrma qveynebma unda gansazRvron is wylebi, romlebic gamoiyeneba sasmeli wyalmomaragebisaTvisda uzrunvelyon Sesabamisoba sabWos 1980 wlis 15 ivlisis direqtivasTan 80/778/EEC, romelic Seexebaadamianis moxmarebisaTvis gankuTvnili wylis xarisxs 2(38) wevri qveynebis mier ekonomikuri instrumentebis gamoyeneba SeiZleba iyos, rogorc RonisZiebaTaprogramis nawili. wyalmomaragebisaTvis gaweuli xarjebis, maT Soris, wylis garemosaTvismiyenebuli zianis da uaryofiTi zemoqmedebasTan dakavSirebul garemosadacviTi da saresursoxarjebis anazRaurebis wesebis gamoyenebisas mxedvelobaSi miiReba “dambinZurebeli ixdis” principi.am mizniT, saWiro iqneba wyalmomaragebis ekonomikuri analizis Catareba, romelic daefuZnebamdinaris auzis raionSi wlis miwodebisa da moTxovnis grZelvadian prognozebs.(39) saWiroa wylis SemTxveviTi dabinZurebis Tavidan acileba an maTi uaryofiTi zegavlenisSemcireba. amgvari zomebis miReba gaTvaliswinebuli unda iyos RonisZiebaTa programaSi.(40) dabinZurebis Tavidan acilebasa da masze kontrolTan mimarTebaSi, Tanamegobrobis wylispolitikis CarCo kanoni unda efuZnebodes erTobliv midgomas, romelic gulisxmobs dabinZurebiswyaros kontrols zRvrulad dasaSvebi emisiis sidideebis da garemosdacviTi xarisxobrivinormebis dawesebiT.(41) wylis raodenobis TvalsazrisiT, saWiroa ganisazRvros wyalaRebaze kontrolis zogadiprincipebi, raTa uzrunvelyofili iqnes im wylis sistemebis mdgradoba, romlebic ganicdianzegavlenas.(42) Tanamegobrobis kanonmdeblobaSi minimaluri moTxovnis saxiT gansazRvruli unda iyosgaremosdacviTi xarisxis saerTo standartebi da emisiis zRvrulad dasaSvebi mniSvnelobebidambinZureblebis gansazRvruli jgufebis an klasebisaTvis. uzrunvelyofili unda iqnes pirobebiTanamegobrobis doneze amgvari standarebis misaRebad.(43) unda Sewydes an SeCerdes dabinZureba, romelic gamowveulia gansakuTrebiT saSiSi nivTierebebisCaSvebiT an danakargiT. evroparlamenti da evrosabWo, komisiis winadadebis safuZvelze, undaSeTanxmdnen im nivTierebebze, romlebic miCneuli iqneba prioritetulebad da im konkretulzomebze, romlebic miRebuli unda iqnes amgvari nivTierebebiT wylis dabinZurebis Tavidanasacileblad, mxedvelobaSi unda iyos miRebuli yvela mniSvnelovani dabinZurebis wyaro,gansazRvruli unda iyos misi xarj-efeqturobis, proporciulobisa da erToblivi kontrolisgaTvaliswinebiT.(44) gansakuTrebiT saSiSi nivTierebebis identificirebisas, mxedvelobaSi unda iqnes miRebuligamafrTxileblobis principi, romelic, kerZod, daeyrdnoba produqtis SesaZlo uaryofiTigavlenebis gansazRvrasa da riskis mecnieruli Sefasebas.1 OJ L 186, 5.8.1995, gv. 42.,2 ix. OJ L 229, 30.8.1980, gv. 11. direqtiva, romelSic bolo cvlileba Sesulia direqtiviT 98/83/EC (OJ L330, 5.12.1998, gv. 32.9


(45) wevrma qveynebma unda miiRon zomebi zedapiruli wylebis gansakuTrebiT saSiSi nivTierebebiTdabinZurebis aRmosafxvrelad da maTi sxva nivTierebebiT dabinZurebis etapobrivad Sesamcireblad.winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, wevri qveynebi ver miaRweven miznebs, romelic dasaxulia zedapiruli wylebisobieqtebTan dakavSirebiT.(46) mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebis SemuSavebasa da ganaxlebaSi sazogadoebis, maT Soris,wyalmomxmareblebis monawileobis uzrunvelyofisaTvis saWiroa dagegmili zomebis Sesaxeb saTanadoinformaciis miwodeba da maTi ganxorcielebis mimdinareobaze angariSis wardgena, raTauzrunvelyofili iqnes sazogadoebis CarTuloba saboloo gadawyvetilebebis miRebamde.(47) winamdebare direqtivam unda uzrunvelyos meqanizmebi im winaaRmdegobebis sapasuxod,romlebic xels uSlian wylis statusis gaumjobesebas da scildebian Tanamegobrobis wyliskanonmdeblobis farglebs, aRniSnuli winaaRmdegobebis daZlevisaTvisTanamegobrobisaTvis saTanado strategiis SemuSavebis gziT.(48) komisiam yovelwliurad unda warmoadginos yvela im iniciativis ganaxlebuli gegma, romelTaSeTavazebasac apirebs wylis seqtorisaTvis.(49) rogorc winamdebare direqtivis nawili, unda ganisazRvros teqnikuri specifikaciebi, raTauzrunvelyofili iqnes erTiani midgoma TanamegobrobaSi. wylis statusis Sefasebis kriteriumebimniSvnelovani wingadadgmuli nabijia. komitetis proceduris safuZvelze unda moxdes garkveuliteqnikuri elementebis teqnikuri ganviTarebisaTvis misadageba, aseve, unda moxdes monitoringisstandartizacia da ganisazRvros SerCeviTi kvlevisa da analizis meTodebi. imisaTvis, rom xeliSeuwyos mdinaris auzis raionebis daxasiTebisa da wylis statusis Sefasebis kriteriumebissrulyofil gagebasa da maT Tanmimdevrul gamoyenebas, komisiam SeiZleba miiRis am kriteriumebisgamoyenebasTan dakavSirebuli instruqciebi.(50) winamdebare direqtivis ganxorcielebisaTvis saWiro zomebi miRebuli unda iqnes sabWos 1999wlis 28 ivnisis 1999/468/EC gadawyvetilebis Sesabamisad, romelic gansazRvravs komitetisaTvisminiWebuli ganmaxorcielebeli uflebamosilebis gamoyenebis procedurebs 1 .(51) winamdebare direqtivis ganxorcieleba gulisxmobs wylebis dacvis minimum im donis miRwevas,romelic gansazRvrulia zogierTi wina dadgenilebiT da, romlebic unda gauqmdes winamdebaredireqtivis Sesabamisi debulebebis srulad ganxorcielebis Semdeg.(52) winamdebare direqtivis debulebebi anacvlebs saSiSi nivTierebebiT dabinZurebaze kontrolisCarCo debulebebs, romelic gansazRvrulia direqtivaSi 76/464/EEC 2 , da, romelic unda gauqmdeswinamdebare direqtivis Sesabamisi debulebebis srulad ganxorcielebis Semdeg.(53) uzrunvelyofili unda iqnes wylebis dacvis Sesaxeb arsebuli garemosdaciTi kanonmdeblobissrulad ganxorcieleba da danergva. aucilebelia, rom uzrunvelyofili iqnes im debulebebissaTanado gamoyeneba, romlebic uzrunvelyofen winamdebare direqtivis ganxorcielebasTanamegobrobis masStabiT, wevri qveynebis kanonmdeblobiT gaTvaliswinebuli Sesaferisi jarimebisgaTvaliswinebiT. Aamgvari jarimebi unda iyos efeqturi, proporciuli da damajerebeli.muxli 1.mizaniam direqtivis mizania Sida zedapiruli wylebis, gardamavali (tranzituli) wylebis, sanapirowylebis da gruntis wylebis dacvisaTvis ZiriTadi safuZvelis (bazis) Camoyalibeba., romelic:(a) ar uSvebs Semdgom gauaresebas da icavs da aumjobesebs wylis (akvaturi) ekosistemebis da maTiwylis saWiroebidan gamomdinare, wylis ekosistemebze uSualod damokidebuli, wiaRisekosistemebisa da Warbteniani adgilebis mdgomareobas.(b) xels uwyobs wylis racionalurad gamoyenebas xelmisawvdomi resursebis xangrZlivi dacvissafuZvelze.(c) miznad isaxavs akvaturi garemos intensiur dacvasa da misi mdgomareobis gaumjobesebas, interalia, specifiuri zomebis saSualebiT, romlebic miznad isaxaven ZiriTadi nivTierebebisCamonadenis, emisiis da namwvs mzard Semcirebasa da ZiriTadi mavne nivTierebebis Camonadenis,emisiisa da namwvis Tavidan acilebasa da likvidacias.1 OJ C 184, 17.7.1999, gv. 232 OJ L 129, 18.5.1976, gv. 23. direqtiva, romelSic cvlileba Sesulia direqtiviT 91/692/EEC (OJ L 377,31.12.1991, gv. 4810


(d) uzrunvelyofs gruntis wylebis dabinZurebis intensiur Semcirebas da icavs mas SemdgomidabinZurebisagan, da(e) wvlili Seaqvs wyaldidobiTa da gvalviT gamowveuli zaralis SemcirebaSi (Sedegebiszemoqmedebis SerbilebaSi) da aqedan gamomdinare wvlili Seaqvs:- kargi xarisxis zedapiruli da gruntis wylis sakmarisi maragis uzrunvelyofaSi, romelicsaWiroa wylis racionaluri, dabalansebuli da miukerZoebuli gamoyenebisaTvis,- gruntis wylebis dabinZurebis mniSvnelovnad SemcirebaSi,- teritorialuri da sazRvao wylis dacvaSi da- Sesabamisi saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebis miznebis miRwevaSi, maT Soris im xelSekrulebebisa,romlebic miznad isaxaven, me-16 (3) muxlSi gaTvaliswinebul evrogaerTianebis zomis - ZiriTadimavne nivTierebebis Camonadenebis, emisiisa da namwvis Semcireba-likvidaciisaTvis – saSualebiTsazRvao garemos dabinZurebis Tavidan acilebas da aRmofxvras, im saboloo SedegismiRebisaTvis, romelic iTvaliswinebs sazRvao garemoSi bunebrivad warmoqmnili nivTierebebiskoncetraciebis miRwevas axlad-dadgenili maCveneblebis odenobiT da adamianis mierwarmoqmnili sinTezuri nivTierebebisaTvis ki - nolze dayvanas.muxli 2gansazRvrebebiam direqtivis miznebisaTvis gamoyenebuli unda iyos Semdegi gansazRvrebebi:1. “zedapiruli wyali” niSnavs Sida wylebs garda gruntis wylebis, gardamavali wylebisa dasanapiro wylebisa, Tumca qimiur mdgomareobasTan mimarTebiT is SesaZlebelia moicavdesteritoriul wylebsac.2. “gruntis wyali” niSnavs wyals, romelic mdebareobs miwis zedapiris dabla, gajerebul zonaSida uSualo Sexeba aqvs miwasTan an qveniadagTan3. “Sida wyali” niSnavs miwis zedapirze damdgar an momdinare wyals da gruntis wyals, romelicim ZiriTadi zolis saxmeleTo nawiliSia saidanac izomeba teritorialuri wylebis sigane4. “mdinare” niSnavs Sida wylis obieqts, romelic umetesad miwis zedapirze miedineba, magram Tavisiciklis nawilSi SesaZlebelia miwisqveSac moedinebodes.5. “tba” niSnavs damdgari Sida zedapiruli wylis obieqts6 “gardamavali wylebi” warmoadgenen zedapiruli wylis obieqtebs, romlebic mdebareoben mdinarisSesarTavebis midamoebSi, da xasiaTdebian nawilobrivi marilianobiT gamomdinare maTi siaxlovidansanapiro wylebTan, magram mniSvnelovanwilad mtknari wylis nakadebis zegavlenis qveS imyofebian.7 “sanapiro wyali” niSnavs zedapirul wylebs im zolis sanapiro mxares, romlis TiToeulimonakveTi erTi sazRvao miliT aris daSorebuli, sazRvao mxridan, im ZiriTadi zolis uaxloesimonakveTidan, romlidanac xdeba teritoriuli wylebis siganis gazomva da romelmac, saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi, SesaZlebelia moicvas gardamavali wylebis gare sazRvaric ki.8 “xelovnuri wylis obieqti” niSnavs adamianis mier Seqmnil zedapiruli wylis obieqts.9 “Zlierad modificirebuli wylis obieqti” niSnavs zedapiruli wylis obieqts, romelmacadamianis qmedebiT gamowveuli fizikuri cvlilebebis Sedegad mniSvnelovnad Seicvala Tavisibuneba, rogorc es aRniSnulia wevri saxelmwifos mier, me-II danarTis Sesabamisad.10 “zedapiruli wylis obieqti” niSnavs zedapiruli wylis iseT gancalkavebul da mniSvnelovanelements, rogoricaa tba, wyalsacavi, nakaduli, mdinare an arxi, mdinaris, nakadulis an arxisnawili, gardamavali wyali an sanapiro wylis monakveTi.11


11 “ wyalSemcveli horizonti (wylis Sre)” (Aquifer) niSnavs qve-zedapirul Sres an qanebis Sreebsan sxva geologiur Sreebs (stratas), romlebic xasiaTdebian sakmarisi forianobiTa dagamtarobis unariT, rac saSualebas aZlevs gruntis wylebis didi odenobiT gadinebas an gruntiswylebis didi odenobis gamoyofas.12 “gruntis wylis obieqti” niSnavs gruntis wylebis konkretul moculobas wylisSemcvelhorizontSi an horizontebSi.13 “mdinaris auzi” niSnavs miwis im monakveTs, romlidanac yvelazedapiruli nakadi moedineba mTeli rigi nakadulebis, mdinarisa da SesaZlebelia tbissaSualebiT wylis kalapotis konkretul monakveTSi (Cveulebriv mdinarisa an tbis SesarTavisadgilas.14 “qve-auzi” niSnavs miwis (xemeleTis) im monakveTs, romlidanac yvela zedapiruli nakadi moedinebamTeli rigi nakadulebis, mdinarisa da SesaZlebelia tbis saSualebiT wylis kalapotiskonkretul monakveTSi (Cveulebriv mdinarisa an tbis SesarTavis adgilas).15 “mdinaris auzis ubani” niSnavs erT an erTze meti monaTesave mdinaris auzebisagan, maTTandakavSirebuli gruntis wylebisa da zedapiruli wylebisagan Semdgari xmeleTisa da zRvis imteriotorias, romelic gaTvaliswinebulia me-3 (1) muxliT - rogorc ZiriTadi monakveTimdinaris auzebis marTvisaTvis.16 “kompetenturi organo” niSnavs me-3 muxl-is (2) an (3) punqtSi gaTvaliswinebul uflebamosilorganos an organoebs.17 “zedapiruli wylis statusi (mdgomareoba) aris zedapiruli wylis obieqtis mdgomareoba,romelic ganisazRvreba misi ekologiuri an qimiuri mdgomareobidan (statusidan) ufro cudismixedviT.18 “zedapiruli wylis kargi mdgomareoba” niSnavs mdgomareobas, romelic miRweulia zedapiruliwylis obieqtis mier im SemTxvevaSi Tu misi ekologiuri mdgomareoba da qimiuri mdgomareobaSefasebulia sul cota - rogorc“kargi“.19 “gruntis wylis mdgomareoba” aris gruntis wylis obieqtis (tanis) mdgomareobis gamomxatvelizogadi gamoTqma, romelic ganisazRvreba misi raodenobrivi statusisa da qimiuri statusidanufro cud mdgomareobaSi myofi statusis safuZvelze.20 “gruntis wylis kargi statusi (mdgomareoba) niSnavs gruntis wylis obieqtis mier miRweul iseTmdgomareobas, rodesac misi raodenobrivi da qimiuri mdgomareobebi miCneulni arian sul cotarogorc - “kargi”.21 “ekologiuri statusi” aRniSnavs me-10 danarTSi klasificirebul zedapirul wylebTandakavSirebuli wylisSemcveli horizonitis ekosistemebis struqturisa da funqcionirebisxarisxs.22 “kargi ekologiuri statusi” niSnavs me-V muxlis Sesabamisad klasificirebuli zedapiruliwylis obieqtis mdgomareobas.23 “kargi ekologiuri potenciali” niSnavs Zlier modificirebuli an xelovnuri wylis obieqtismdgomareobas, romelic amgvarad aris klasificirebuli me-5 muxlis Sesabamisi debulebebismixedviT.24 “zedapiruli wylis kargi qimiuri mdgomareoba” niSnavs qimiur mdgomareobas, romelicakmayofilebs me-4 (1) muxliT gaTvaliswinebul garemosdacviT miznebs zedapirul wylebTandakavSirebiT da warmoadgens zedapiruli wylis obieqtis mier miRweul iseT qimiurmdgomareobas, rodesac damabinZurebeli (mavne) nivTierebebis koncentraciebi ar aRemateba IXdanarTis me-16 (7) muxliT gaTvaliswinebul garemosdacviTi xarisixis standartebs da12


evrogaerTianebis sxva Sesabamisi kanonmdeblobiT Camoyalibebul garemosdacviTi xarisxisstandartebs evrogaerTianebis doneze.25 “gruntis wylis kargi qimiuri statusi” niSnavs gruntis wylis obieqtis qimiur statuss,romelic akmayofilebs me-5 muxlis 2.3.2. cxrilSi mocemul yvela pirobebs.26 “raodenobrivi statusi” gamoxatavs Tu ra xarisxiT axdens gavlenas pirdapiri da arapirdapiriabstraqciebi gruntis wylis obieqtze.27 “xelmisawvdomi gruntis wylis resursebi” niSnavs xangrZlivi drois monakveTSi dinebis saSualowliur siCqares (temps), romelic saWiroa ekologiuri xarisxis miznebis misaRwevad me-4 muxliTgaTvaliswinebul Sesabamis zedapirul wylebTan dakavSirebiT, aseTi wylebis ekologiurixarisxis gauaresebis da Sesabamisi wiaRis ekosistemebis mniSvnelovani dazianebis TavidanacilebisaTvis.28 “kargi raodenobrivi statusi” warmoadgens me-5 muxlis 2.1.2 cxrilSi gansazRvrul mdgomareobas.29 “mavne nivTierebebi” niSnavs toqsikur nivTierebebs an nivTierebaTa jgufs, romlebic bioakimulaciisakenarian midrekilni da sxva nivTierebebs da nivTierebaTa jgufs, romlebicSesabamisi SeSfoTebis sagans warmoadgenen.30 “prioritetuli nivTierebebi” niSnavs nivTerbebs, romlebic gansazRvrulia me-16 (2) muxlismixedviT da CamoTvlilia me-10 danarTSi. am nivTierebebs Soris arian “prioritetuli mavnenivTierebebi”, romlebic warmoadgenen me-16 muxlis me-(3) da me-(6) punqtebis mixedviTidentifikacia nivTierebebs, romelTa winaaRmdeg zomebi miRebul unda iqnen me-16 muxlis (1) da (8)punqtebis Sesabamisad.31 “damabinZurebeli” niSnavs nebismier nivTierebas, romelsac SeuZlia gamoiwvios dabinZureba,kerZod ki me-8 danarTSi CamoTvlili nivTierebebi.32 “pirdapiri Camonadeni gruntis wyalSi” niSnavs gruntis wyalSi damabinZurebeli nivTierebebisCadenas maTi niadagSi an qve-niadagSi gawovis gareSe.33 “dabinZureba” niSnavs adamianis saqmianobis Sedegad haerSi, wyalsa an miwaze nivTierebebisa ansicxis pirdapir an arapirdapir Setanas, rasac SesaZlebelia mavne zegavlena hqondes adamianisjanmrTelobasa da akvaturi ekosistemebis xarisxsa an akvatur ekosistemebTan uSualoddakavSirebuli wiaRis ekosistemebze, rac gamoiwvevs materialur qonebaze zaralis miyenebas angaauaresebs da daabrkolebs garemosadmi faqiz mopyrobas da mis kanonier gamoyenebas.34 “garemosdacviTi miznebi” niSnavs me-4 muxlSi Camoyalibebul miznebs.35 “garemosdacviTi xarisxis standartebi” niSnavs wyalSi konkretuli damabinZureblebis, naleqisda florasa da faunis koncentracias, romelic ar unda iyos gadaWarbebuli adamianisjanmrTelobisa da garemos dacvis mizniT.36 “kombinirebuli midgoma” niSnavs zedapirul wylebSi Camonadenebisa da emisiebis kontrols, me-10muxlSi mocemuli midgomis Sesabamisad.37 “adamianis moxmarebisaTvis gankuTvnil wyals” igive mniSvneloba aqvs rogorc 80/778/EECdireqtiviT da aseve 98/83/EEC direqtiviT, romelic mas cvlis, aris gaTvalsiwnebuli.38 “wyalssargebloba” niSnavs dasaxlebuli punqtebisaTvis, sajaro dawesebulebebisa daekonomikuri saqmianobisaTvis gaweul yvela tipis momsaxurebas:a) abstragirebas, wyalsacavs, Senaxvas, gadamuSavebas da zedapiruli an gruntis wylebisganawilebas.b) narCeni wylis, romelic sabolood Caedineba zedapirul wyalSi, damgrovebel da gadamamuSavebelmowylobilobebs.13


39. “wylis gamoyeneba” niSnavs wylis momsaxurebas me-5 muxliTa da me-2 danarTiT gansazRvrulnebismier sxva saqmianobasTan erTad, romelsac mniSvnelovani zegavlena aqvs wylismdgomareobaze.es koncefcia vrceldeba pirveli muxlis miznebisaTvis da me-5 muxlisa da me-3 danarTis Sesabamisadganxorcielebul ekonomikur analizze.40. “emisiis zRvruli moculobebi” niSnavs emisiis specifiur parametrebSi gamoxatul masas,koncentraciasa da xarisxs, romlis gadaWarbeba ar SeiZleba drois arcerT monakveTSi. emisiiszRvruli moculobebi SesaZlebelia dadgindes nivTierebebis zogierTi jgufebisaTvis, ojaxisada kategoriebisaTvis, gansakuTrebiT ki me-16 muxlSi gansazRvruli nivTierebebisaTvis.nivTierebisaTvis gansazRvruli emisiis zRvruli maCveneblebi Cveulebriv vrceldebamowyobiloba-danadgarebidan emisiis gamoyofis momentze da maTi gansazRvrisas aorTqlebisfaqtori ar miiReba mxedvelobaSi . rac Seexeba wyalSi arapirdapiri gziT Serevas,SesaZlebelia narCeni wylis gadamamuSavebeli qarxnis zegavlenis gaTvaliswineba gamoyenebulimowyobilobebis emisiebis zRvruli moculobebis dadgenisas, mTliani garemos dacvisaTvis,emisiis Sesabamisi xarisxis uzrunvelyofiT da imis uzrunvelyofiT, rom es ar gamoiwvevsgaremos ufro metad dabinZurebas.41. “emisiis kontroli” warmoadgens kontrols, romelic iTvaliswinebs emisiis specifiur SezRudvas- mag. emisiis zRvrul moculobas an sxvagvarad - is akonkretebs zegavlenasTan, bunebasa anemisiis sxva maxasiaTeblebTan an saoperacio pirobebTan, romlebic ganapirobeben emisiebs,dakavSirebul SezRudvebsa da pirobebs. am direqtivaSi terminis - ”emisiis kontroli” -gamoyeneba nebismieri sxva direqtivis debulebebTan mimarTebiT arcerT aspeqtSi ar unda iyosgagebuli rogorc aRniSnuli debulebebis xelaxali ganmarteba.muxli 3.mdinaris auzis ubnebTan dakavSirebuli administraciuli zomebis koordinireba1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda gansazRvron TavianT erovnul teritoriaze mdebare calkeulimdinaris auzebi da am direqtivis miznebisaTvis unda miakuTvnon isini calkeuli mdinaris auzisubnebs. mcire zomis mdinaris auzebi SesaZlebelia miuerTdnen ufro mozrdili mdinareebisauzebs, an mezobel mcire auzebs calkeuli mdinaris auzebis SeqmnisaTvis, sadac esSesaZlebelia. rodesac gruntis wylebi konkretuli mdinaris auzs ar ganekuTvnebianmTlianobaSi, isini unda ganisazRvros da miekuTvnos uaxloes an yvelaze ufro Sesabamismdinaris auzis ubans. sanapiro wylebi unda ganisazRvros da miekuTvnos uaxloes da yvealzeufro Sesaferisi mdinaris auzis ubans an ubnebs.2. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon saTanado administraciuli zomebi Sesabamisikompetenturi organos dadgenis (identificirebis) CaTvliT, mocemuli direqtivis wesebisgamoyenebis mizniT, maT teritoriaze mdebare TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubanTan mimarTebiT.3. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon, rom erTze meti wevri saxelmwifos teritoriismomcveli mdinaris auzi ganekuTvnos mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubans. mocemuli wevrisaxelmwifoebis moTxovnis safuZvelze, komisiam unda imoqmedos am tipis mdinaris auzissaerTaSoriso ubnebisaTvis mikuTvnebis sakiTxis xelSewyobisaTvis. TiToeulma wevrmasaxelmwifom unda uzrunvelyos Sesabamisi administraciuli zomebis miReba, Sesabamisikompetenturi organos dafuZnebis CaTvliT, mocemuli direqtivis wesebis gamoyenebisaTvis misteritoriaze mdebare nebismieri mdinaris saerTaSoriso auzis ubnebis monakveTze.14


4. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon me-4 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli garemosdacviTimiznebisaTvis am direqtivis moTxovnebisa da kerZod zomebis Sesaxeb programebis koordinirebamdinaris auzis yvela ubnisaTvis. mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnebisaTvis, mocemulma wevrmasaxelmwifoebma unda erTad uzrunvelyon aRniSnuli koordinireba da am miznisaTvisSesaZlebelia gamoiyenon saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebze dafuZnebuli arsebuli struqturebi.monawile wevri saxelmwifoebis moTxovnis safuZvelze, komisiam unda imoqmedos zomebis Sesaxebprogramebis Camoyalibebis xelSewyobisaTvis.5. im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac mdinaris auzis ubani scildeba evrogaerTianebis teritorias, monawilewevri saxelmwifo an saxelmwifoebi unda Seecadon Sesabamisi koordinirebis ganxorcielebasSesabamis ara-wevr saxelmwifoebTan erTad, am direqtivis miznebis ganxorcilebeisaTvis mdinarisauzis mTlian ubanze, wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon am direqtivis wesebisganxorcileba Tavian teritoriaze.6. am direqtivis miznebisaTvis wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT daafuZnon arsebuli erovnuli ansaerTaSoriso organo - rogorc kompetenturi organo.7. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda daafuZnon kompetenturi organo me-14 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuliTariRisaTvis.8. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon komisia maTi kompetenturi organoebis CamonaTvaliT dasaerTaSoriso organizaciebis yvela kompetenturi uflebamosili organoebiT, romelTa wevrebicisini arian sul cota 6 Tvis manZilze 24-e muxlSi aRniSnuli TariRis Semdgom. TiToeulikompetenturi uflebamosili organosaTvis uzrunvelyofili unda iyos I danarTSi mocemuliinformacia.9. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda Seatyobinon komisias me-8 muxlis Sesabamisad mocemul informaciaSinebismieri cvlilebis Setanis Taobaze am cvlilebis ZalaSi Sesvlamde 3 TviT adre.muxli 4garemosdacviTi miznebi1. mdinaris auzebTan dakavSirebuli marTvis gegmaSi dakonkretebuli zomebis programebisamoqmedebisaTvis:a) zedapiruli wylebisaTvis(I) wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda miiRon saWiro zomebi zedapiruli wylis yvela obieqtismdgomareobis gauaresebis winaaRmdeg, romlebic eqceva me-6 da me-7 paragrafebis moqmedebissferos qveS, me-8 paragrafis darRvevis gareSe;(II) wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda daicvan, gaaumjobeson da aRadginon zedapiruli wylis yvelaobieqti, romelic eqceva, xelovnuri da Zlierad modificirebuli wylis obieqtebTandakavSirebuli, III qveparagrafis moqmedebis sferoSi, am direqtivs ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdegaraumetes 15 weliwadis Semdeg zedapiruli wylis kargi mdgomareobis miRwevisaTvis, me-5muxlSi mocemuli debulebebis Sesabamisad, romlebic me-4 paragrafis Sesabamisad dadgenilidamatebiTi periodebis gamoyenebis da me-5, 6 da me-7 paragrafebis gamoyenebis saganswarmoadgenen, me-8 paragrafis darRvevis gareSe.(III) wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda daicvan da gaaumjobeson wylis xelovnuri da Zlieradmodificirebuli yvela obieqti kargi ekologiuri potencialis zedapiruli wylis kargiqimiuri mdgomareobis miRwevis mizniT, am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes TxuTmetiwlis Semdeg, me-5 muxlSi mocemuli debulebebis Sesabamisad, romlebic me-4 paragrafis15


(IV)Sesabamisad dadgenili damatebiTi periodebis (gagrZelebis) gamoyenebas da me-5, 6 da me-7paragrafebis gamoyenebas eqvemdebarebian, me-8 paragrafis darRvevis gareSe.wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon saWiro zomebi me-16 muxlis (1) da (8) punqtebisSesabamisad prioritetuli nivTierebebiT gamowveuli dabinZurebis mniSvnelovnadSemcirebisaTvis da prioritetuli mavne nivTierebebis emisiebis, Camonadenebisa da danakargis(an namwvis) Semcirebis da likvidaciis mizniT, monawile mxareebisaTvis I muxlSi mocemuliSesabamisi saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebis daurRvevlad.(b) gruntis wylebisaTvis(I)(II)wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda miiRon zomebi gruntis wylebSi damabinZureblebis moxvedrisSezRudvisaTvis da gruntis wylis yvela obieqtis mdgomareobis gauaresebis winaaRmdeg,romlebic eqceva am muxlis me-6 da me-7 paragrafebis moqmedebis sferos qveS, me-8 paragrafisdarRvevis gareSe da eqceva me-11 muxlis (3) (j)punqtis moqmedebis sferoSi.wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda daicvan, gaaumjobeson da aRadginon gruntis wylis yvelaobieqti, da uzrunvelyon balansi gruntis wylis abstragirebasa da kvebas Soris, amdireqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg araumetes 15 weliwadis Semdeg, gruntis wylis kargimdgomareobis miRwevisaTvis, me-5 muxlSi mocemuli debulebebis Sesabamisad, romlebic me-4paragrafis Sesabamisad dadgenili damatebiTi periodebis gamoyenebis da me-5, 6 da me-7paragrafebis gamoyenebis sagans warmoadgenen, me-8 paragrafis darRvevis gareSe da eqceva me-11muxlis (j)punqtis moqmedebis sferoSi.(III)wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda miiRon saWiro zomebi adamianis saqmianobis Sedegad warmoqmnilinebismieri dambinZureblis koncentraciaSi mniSvnelovani mzardi mimarTulebis SecvlisaTvis,gruntis wylis dabinZurebis efeqturad SemcirebisaTvis.mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod SecvlisaTvis saWiro zomebi unda miRebul iqnas me-17 muxlisme-2,4,da me-5 paragrafebis Sesabamisad, evrogaerTianebis Sesabamisi kanonmdeblobis saTanadostandartebis gaTvaliswinebiT, romlebic eqvemdebareba me-6 da me-7 paragrafebis gamoyenebas,me-8 muxlis darRvevis gareSe.(c)daculi teritoriebisaTvis1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda miaRwion Sesabamisobas nebismier standartebsa da miznebTan, amdireqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 15 wlis ganmavlobaSi, Tu ki evrogaerTianebiskanonmdeblobaSi, romlis Sesabamisadac Seiqmna calkeuli daculi teritoriebi, sxvagvarad araris dakonkretebuli.2. rodesac pirvel paragrafSi mocemuli erTze meti mizani aris dakavSirebuli wylis mocemulobieqtTan, gamoiyeneba yvelaze mkacri standarti.3. wevrma saxelmwifoebma SesaZlebelia miakuTvnon zedapiruli wylis obieqti xelovnur an Zlieradmodificirebuls, rodesac:(a) im obieqtis hidrimorfologiuri Tvisebebis cvlilebebs, romlebic saWiroa kargi ekologiuristatusis misaRwevad, eqnebaT mavne zegavlena:16


(I) garemoze farTo gagebiT(II) zRvaosnobaze, portis teqnikur saSualebebsa da dasvenebis pirobebze(III) samuSaoebze, romlebic iTvaliswinebs sasmeli wylis maragis dagrovebas, energiisgeneraciasa da morwyvas (irigacias);(IV) wylis regulirebaze, dacvaze wyaldidobisagan, miwis drenaJsa an(V) adamianis ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebel sxva aseve mniSvnelovan saqmianobebze.(b) xelsayreli miznebi, romlebsac emsaxureba wylis obieqtis xelovnuri da modificirebulimaxasiaTeblebi ver iqneba miRweuli sxva saSualebebiT, romlebic gacilebiT ukeTes variantswarmoadgenen garemos dacvis TvalsazrisiT, arsebuli teqnikuri pirobebisa da araTanazomierixarjebis gamo.amgvari miTiTeba da misi gamomwvevi mizezebi gansakuTrebiT xazgasmiT unda iyos aRniSnuli, me-16muxliT moTxovnil, mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi, romelic unda ganixilos yovel 6weliwadSi erTxel.4. I paragrafiT dawesebuli vadebi SesaZlebelia gaxangrZlivdes wylis obieqtebisaTvis dasaxulimiznebis miRwevis Seferxebis gamo, imis uzrunvelyofiT, rom Semdegi pirobebis SesrulebisSemdgom, wylis obieqtis mdgomareoba aRar gauaresdeba:(a) wevri saxelmwifoebi gadawyveten, rom wylis obieqtebis mdgomareobisaTvis saWiro yvelagaumjobeseba ver iqneba miRweuli im vadebSi, romlebic mocemulia aRniSnul paragrafSi,gamomdinare qvemoT CamoTvlili mizezebidan Tundac mxolod TiToeulis gamo:(I) saWiro gaumjobesebebis moculoba SesaZlebelia miRweul iyos fazebad, romelTaxangrZlivobac aRemateba mocemul vadebs arsebuli teqnikuri pirobebis gamo;(II) gaumjobesebebis miRweva mocemul vadebSi araTanazomierad Zviri dajdeba;(III) bunebrivi pirobebi ar iZleva saSualebas wylis obieqtis mdgomareobaSi drouligaumjobesebis miRwevisa.(b) vadis gaxangrZlivebis faqtori da misi mizezebi detalurad aris gaTvaliswinebuli da axsnilime-13 muxlSi mocemul mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi.(c) vada unda gagrZeldes mdinaris auzis gegmis maqsimum Semdgomi ori ganaxlebis droiT, garda imSemTxvevebisa, rodesac bunebrivi pirobebi ar iZleva miznebis ganxorcielebis saSualebasaRniSnuli drois monakveTSi.(d) me-11 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli zomebis reziume, romlebic ganixileba rogorc aucilebelizomebi wylis obieqtebis efeqturad da TandaTanobiT karg mdgomareobaSi moyvanisaTvisgaxangrZlivebuli vadisaTvis, nebismieri Seferxebis mizezebi, romelTa gamoc es zomebi veramoqmeddeba da maTi ganxorcielebisaTvis gaTvaliswinebuli ganrigi Camoyalibebulia mdinarisauzis marTvis gegmaSi. am zomebis ganxorcielebis mimoxilva da nebismieri damatebiTi zomebisSejameba mocemuli unda iyos mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis ganaxlebul variantSi.5. wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT naklebad mkacri garemosdacviTi miznebis dasaxva, 1 paragrafSigaTvaliswinebuli miznebTan SedarebiT, wylis im calkeuli obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic imdenadimyofebian adamianis saqmianobis zemoqmedebis qveS, rogorc es me-5 (1) muxlis Sesabamisad arisdadgenili, an maTi bunebrivi pirobebi iseTia, rom aRniSnuli miznebis miRweva SeuZlebelia anaraTanazomierad ZviradRirebuli, da rodesac dakmayofilebulia Semdegi pirobebi:17


(a) garemosdacviTi da socialur-ekonomikuri saWiroebebis momsaxureba, romelic gaweulia adamianisam tipis saqmianobiT, ver iqneba miRweuli sxva saSualebebiT, romlebic garemosdacvisTvalsazrisiT SesaZlebelia ukeTes variants warmoadgendnen da ar iyvnen araTanazomieriRirebulebisa.(b) wevri saxelmwifoebi uzrunvelyofen,- zedapiruli wylebisaTvis - SeZlebisdagvarad yvelaze ufro maRalxarisxiani ekologiuri daqimiuri mdgomareobis miRwevas, rac gamoiwvevs iseT zegavlenas, romelic ver iqneboda Tavidanacilebuli gamomdinare adamianis saqmianobis bunebidan an dabinZirebidan.- gruntis wylisaTvis - SeZlebisdagvarad mcire cvlilebebs kargi gruntis wylis mdgomareobismisaRwevad, rac gamoiwvevs iseT zegavlenas, romelic ver iqneboda Tavidan acilebuligamomdinare adamianis saqmianobis bunebidan an dabinZurebidan.- naklebad mkacri garemosdacviTi miznebis dasaxva da amis mizezebi detalurad aris mocemulime-13 muxliT gaTvaliswinebul mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi da es miznebi xelaxlaganixileba yovel eqvs weliwadSi erTxel.6. wylis obieqtebis mdgomareobis droebiTi gauareseba ar unda ewinaaRmdegebodes am direqtivismoTxovnebs Tu ki igi ganpirobebulia bunebrivi mizezebiT an fors maJoruli situaciiT,romlebic gamonaklisebs warmoadgenen da ver iqnebodnen gaTvaliswinebulni, gansakuTrebiT kimZlavri wyaldidobebi da xangrZlivi gvalvebi, an gauTvaliswinebeli ubeduri SemTxvevebiTgamowveuli garemoebebi, rodesac dakmayofilebulia Semdegi pirobebi:(a) miRebulia yvela saWiro zoma mdgomareobis Semdgomi gauaresebisa da sxva wylis obieqtebismier, romlebic ar eqcevian aRniSnuli garemoebebis zemoqmedebis qveS, am direqtivis miznebisganxorcielebis safrTxis qveS dayenebis Tavidan asacileblad.(b) is pirobebi, romelTa safuZvelzec es garemoebebi gamocxaddeba gamonaklis dagasaTvaliswineblad SeuZlebel SemTxvevebad, Sesabamisi maCveneblebis miRebis CaTvliTwarmodgenilni unda iyvnen mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi.(c) zomebi, romlebic miRebulni unda iyvnen aseTi gamonaklisi garemoebebisas unda iyvnen Setanilizomebis programaSi da ar unda ayenebdnen safrTxis qveS am garemoebebis dasrulebis Semdgomwylis obieqtis mdgomareobis xarisxis aRdgenas;(d) gamonaklisi garemoebebiT an im garemoebebiT, romelTa gaTvaliswinebac dasabuTebuladSeuZlebelia gamowveuli zegavlena yovelwliurad unda ganixilos da, me-4 (a) paragrafSimocemuli mizezebis Sesabamisad, yvela praqtikuli zoma unda iyos miRebuli wylis obieqtis, amgaremoebebiT gamowveul zegavlenamde arsebuli, pirvandeli mdgomareobis aRdgenisaTvis,rogorc ki es praqtikuli TvalsazrisiT mizanSewonili iqneba, da(e) garemoebebiT gamowveuli zegavlenis da (a) da (d) paragrafebis Sesabamisad miRebuli anmisaRebi aRniSnuli zomebis mokle mimoxilva Setanili unda iyos mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmismomdevno ganaxlebul variantSi.7. wevri saxelmwifoebi ar iqnebian winaaRmdegobaSi am direqtivasTan, im SemTxvevaSi Tu:- maTi warumatebloba gruntis wylis kargi mdgomareobis, kargi ekologiuri mdgomareobis anSesabamisad kargi ekologiuri potencialis an zedapiruli Tu gruntis wylis obieqtisgauaresebis SeCerebis miRwevaSi ganpirobebulia zedapiruli wylis obieqtis fizikuri18


Tvisebebis (maxiasaTeblebis) axali modifikaciebisa an gruntis wylis doneebis cvalebadobiT(deformaciiT) an- warumatebloba, zedapiruli wylis obieqtis umaRlesi (saukeTeso) mdgomareobidan kargmdgomareobaSi gadasvlis SeCerebaSi, ganpirobebulia adamianis mdgrad ganviTarebasTandakavSirebuli saqmianobiT da dakmayofilebulia yvela qvemoTCamoTvlili pirobebi:(a) yvela praqtikuli nabijia miRebuli wylis obieqtze mavne zegavlenis SerbilebisaTvis;(b) aRniSnuli modifikaciebisa da deformaciis mizezebi detalurad aris warmodgenili da axsnilime-13 muxliT moTxovnil mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi da miznebi ganxilulia yovel eqvsweliwadSi erTxel.(c) aRniSnuli modifikaciebi da cvlilebebi pirveladi mniSvnelobis sazogadoebriv interesebSiada/an sargebeli, romelic moaqvs axal modifikaciebsa da cvlilebebs adamianisjanmrTelobisaTvis, adamianis janmrTelobis usafrTxoebis SenarCunebisa da mdgradiganviTarebisaTvis ufro prioritetulia pirvel paragrafSi Camoyalibebuli miznebisganxorcielebiT garemosa da sazogadoebisaTvis motanil sargebelTan SedarebiT, da(d) xelsayreli miznebi, romlbsac emsaxureba wylis obieqtis aRniSnuli modifikaciebi dacvlilebebi, gamomdinare arsebuli teqnikuri pirobebidan da araTanazomieri xarjebidan,SeuZlebelia miRweul iyos sxva saSualebebiT, romlebic garemosdacvis TvalsazrisiTmniSvnelovnad ukeTes variants warmoadgenen.8. paragrafebis - 3,4,5,6, da 7 gamoyenebisas, wevrma saxelmwifom unda uzrunvelyos, is rom maTigamoyeneba mudmivad ar gamoricxavdes an ar uqmnides safrTxes am direqtivis miznebisganxorcielebas, imave mdinaris auzis ubanze mdebare sxva wylis obieqtebTan mimarTebaSi daSesabamisobaSi iyos evrogaerTianebis sxva garemosdacviTi kanonmdeblobis ganxorcielebasTan.9. Sesabamisi zomebi unda iyos miRebuli imis uzrunvelsayofad, rom axali debulebebis gamoyeneba,me-3, me-4, me-5, me-6 da me-7 paragrafebis CaTvliT, usafrTxoebis (daculobis) imave donisgarantias iZleodes, rogorc evrogaerTianebis arsebuli kanonmdebloba.muxli 5.mdinaris auzis ubnis daxasiaTeba, adamianis saqmianobis zegavlena garemoze da wylis gamoyenebis(wyalsargeblobis) ekonomikuri analizi.1. TiToeulma wevrma saxelmwifom mis teritoriaze mdebare TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubnisaTvis anmdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnisaTvis unda uzrunvelyos:- misi maxasiaTeblebis analizis- zedapirul wyalze an gruntis wyalze adamianis saqmianobiT gamowveuli zemoqmedebismimoxilvisa da- wylis gamoyenebis ekonomikuri analizisganxorcieleba, II daIII danarTebSi mocemuli teqnikuri specifikaciebis Sesabamisad da maTiganxorcielebis dasruleba araugvianes oTx weliwadSi am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan.I paragrafSi aRniSnuli analizebi da mimoxilvebi (angariSebi) unda ganixilos da saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi ganaxldes am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 13 wlis Semdeg da Semdgom kiganaxldes yovel eqvs weliwadSi erTxel.19


muxli 6.daculi teritoriebis reestri1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubanze mdebareteritoriebis, romlebic evrogaerTianebis specialuri kanonmdeblobiT saWiroeben sagangebodacvas maTi zedapiruli da gruntis wylebis an wyalTan uSualod dakavSirebuli habitatebisada saxeobebis dacvisaTvis, reestris an reestrebis Seqmna. maT unda uzrunvelyon, rom reestrisSedgena dasruldes am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes oTxi wlis Semdeg.2. reestri an reestrebis unda moicavdnen me-7 (1) muxlSi gansazRvrul wylis yvela obieqtsa da IVdanarTSi mocemul yvela dacul teritorias.3. TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubnisaTvis reestri an daculi teritoriebis reestrebi mudmivSemowmebasa da ganaxlebas unda daeqvemdebaros.muxli 7sasmeli wylis abstragirebisaTvis gamoyenebuli wylebi1. wevrma saxelmwifobma unda gansazRvron TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubanSi - wylis yvela obieqti,romelic gamoiyeneba adamianis moxmarebisaTvis gankuTvnili wylis, romelic uzrunvelyofsdReSi saSualod 10 m 3 an emsaxureba 50-ze met kacs, abstragirebisaTvis, da– wylis im obieqtebisa , romelic momavalSi amgvari gamoyenebisaTvis iqneba gankuTvnili.V danarTis Sesabamisad wevrma saxelmwifoebma monitoringi unda gaukeTon im obieqtebs, romlebic VdanarTis mixedviT uzrunvelyofen saSualod dReSi 100 m 3 .2. I paragrafSi gansazRvruli wylis TiToeuli obieqtisaTvis, garda am direqtivis moTxovnebisSesabamisad me-4 muxlis miznebis ganxorcielebisa da zedapiruli wylebisaTvis me-16 muxlismixedviT evrogaerTianebis doneze dadgenili xarisxis standartebis Sesabamisobisa, wevrmasaxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon, rom gamoyenebuli wylis gadamamuSavebeli reJimissaSualebiTa da evrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobis Sesabamisad, miRebuli wyali undaakmayofilebdes 80/778/EEC direqtivis moTxovnebs, romelsac cvlis 98/83/EEC direqtiva.3. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon gansazRvruli wylis obieqtebis dacva maTi xarisxisgauaresebis Tavidan asacileblad sasmeli wylis warmoebaSi gamoyenebuli reqtifikaciis(gawmendis) gadamuSavebis donis Semcirebis mizniT. wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT Camoayalibondaculi zonebi wylis aRniSnuli obieqtebisaTvis.muxli 8.zedapiruli wylis mdgomareobis monitoringi, gruntis wylis mdgomareoba da daculi teritoriebi.1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon programebis SemuSaveba wylis mdgomareobismonitoringisaTvis TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubanSi wylis mdgomareobis Sesabamisi da detalurimimoxilvisaTvis:– zedapiruli wylebisaTvis aseTi programebi unda moicavdnen:20


(I) ekologiuri da qimiur mdgomareobisa da ekologiuri potencialis Sesatyvisi dinebismaCveneblis moculobas da dones, da(II) ekologiuri da qimiuri mdgomareobebs da ekologiur potencials;- gruntis wylebisaTvis amgvari programebi unda moicavdnen - monitorings da qimiur daraodenobriv mdgomareobebs,- daculi teritoriebisaTvis zemoT aRniSnuli programebi damatebiT unda moicavdnenevrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobiT gaTvaliswinebul im specifikaciebs, romelTa safuZvelzecganisazRvra calkeuli daculi teritoria.2. es programebi unda amoqmeddes am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes eqvsi wlis Semdeg,Tu ki mocemul kanonmdeblobaSi ar aris sxvanairad dakonkretebuli. am tipis monitoringiSesabamisobaSi unda iyos V danarTis moTxovnebTan.3. wylis mdgomareobis analizisa da monitoringisaTvis gaTvaliswinebuli specifikaciebiCamoyalibebuli unda iyos 21-2 muxlSi mocemuli proceduris Sesabamisad.muxli 9.wylis momsaxurebis xarjebis anazRaureba1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda gaiTvaliswinon wylis momsaxurebis xarjebis anazRaurebis principi,garemosdacviTi da resursebis xarjebis CaTvliT, III danarTis mixedviT ganxorcielebulekonomikur analizTan mimarTebiT da kerZod - dambinZurebeli ixdis - principis Sesabamisad.2010 wlisaTvis wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon- rom wyalze fasdadebis politika uzrunvelyofdes wyalmosargeblesaTvis Sesabamisi stimulisgaCenas wylis efeqturad moxmarebisaTvis da amiT xeli Seewyos am direqtivis garemosdacviTimiznebis ganxorcielebas,- wylis sxvadasxva moxmarebis Sesabamisi Senatani (kontribucia) wylis xarjebis anazRaurebaSi,ganawilebuli, rogorc minimum, warmoebaSi, sayofacxovrebo moxmarebasa da soflismeurneobaSi,romelic dafuZnebuli iqneba III danarTis mixedviT warmoebul ekonomikur analizze dagaiTvaliswinebs -dambinZurebeli ixdis – princips.wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT aRniSnulis ganxorcielebisas gaiTvaliswinon anazRaurebis rogorcsocialuri, garemodcaviTi da ekonomikuri zegavlenebi, aseve mocemuli (zegavlenis qveS myofi)regionebisa an regionis geografiuli da klimaturi pirobebi.2. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda ganacxadon mdinaris auzis ubnis gegmaSi I paragrafisganxorcielebisaTvis dagegmili zomebis Sesaxeb, rac xels Seuwyobs am direqtivisgaremosdacviTi miznebis ganxorcielebasa da sxvadasxva mizniT wyalsargeblobisaTvisgakeTebuli Senatanebis safuZvelze wylis moxmarebis xarjebis anazRaurebas.3. am muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli aranairi debulebebi ar unda aferxebdnen konkretuli (specifiuri)aRmkveTi da profilaqtikuri zomebis dafinansebas direqtivis miznebis miRwevisaTvis.4. wevri saxelmwifoebi ar unda iyvnen winaaRmdegobaSi mocemul direqtivasTan Tu ki isini,damkvidrebuli praqtikis safuZvelze, gadawyvitaven ar gamoiyenon I paragrafis debulebebismeore winadadeba wylis gamoyenebis (wyalsargeblobasTan) saqmianobasTan dakavSirebiT, im21


SemTxvevaSi Tu es safrTxis qveS ar ayenebs mocemuli direqtivis daniSnulebasa (mrwamss) da misimiznebis miRwevas. wevri saxelmwifoebma unda ganacxadon I paragrafis meore winadadebis argamoyenebis mizezebis Sesaxeb mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebSi.muxli 10.kombinirebuli midgoma wertilovani da difuziuri wyaroebisadmi1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon rom me-2 paragrafSi aRniSnuli gruntis wylis yvelaCamonadeni (Camdinari wyali) zedapirul wyalSi gakontroldes am muxlSi mocemulikombinirebuli midgomis safuZvelze.2. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon Semdegi saqmianobebis gansazRvra da ganxorcieleba:(a) emisiis kontroli arsebuli saukeTeso teqnologiis saSualebiT, an(b) emisiis Sesabamisi zRvruli moculobebi, an(c) difuziuri zegavlenis SemTxvevaSi - kontroli, romelic moicavs Sesabamis saukeTesogaremosdacviT praqtikas, romelic Camoyalibebulia:- mTliani dabinZurebis aRkveTisa da kontrolis Sesaxeb 1996 wlis 24 seqtembris 96/61/EC sabWosdireqtivaSi,- urbanuli narCeni wylis gadamuSavebis Sesaxeb 1991 wlis 21 maisis 91/271/EEC sabWos direqtivaSi,- sasoflosameurneo wyaroebis (21) nitratebis dabinZurebisagan wylis dacvis Sesaxeb 1991 wlis 12dekembris 91/676/EEC sabWos direqtivaSi,- am direqtivis me-16 muxlis Sesabamisad miRebul direqtivebSi,- IX danarTSi CamoTvlil direqtivebSi- evrogaerTianebis nebismier sxva Sesabamis kanonmdeblobaSiam direqtivis miRebidan araugvianes 12 wlis Semdeg, Tu sxva ram ar aris gaTvaliswinebulimocemuli kanonmdeblobiT.3. im SemTxvevaSi rodesac am direqtivis, IX direqtivaSi CamoTvlili direqtivebisa da anevrogaerTianebis sxva kanonmdeblobis Sesabamisad dadgenili mizani an xarisxis standartisaWiroebs me-2 paragrafis gamoyenebidan gamomdinare pirobebTan SedarebiT ufro mkacr pirobebs- Sesabamisad dadgenili unda iyos emisiis ufro mkacri kontroli.muxli 11zomebis programa1. TiToeulma wevrma saxelmwifom unda uzrunvelyos TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubnisaTvis an misteritoriaze mdebare mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnis nawilisaTvis zomebis programa, me-5muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli analizebis Sedegebis gaTvaliswinebiT, me - 4 muxlSi mocemulimiznebis ganxorcielebisaTvis. zomebis amgvari programebi SesaZlebelia eyrdnobodes erovnuldoneze miRebuli kanonmdeblobiT dadgenil zomebs da moicavdes wevri saxelmwifos mTelteritorias. saWiroebisamebr wevr saxelmwifos SeuZlia miiRos mdinaris auzis yvela ubnisaTvisda/an mis teritoriaze ganlagebuli mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnebisaTvis gamosayenebelizomebi.22


2. zomebis TiToeuli programa unda moicavdes me-3 paragrafSi dakonkretebul “ZiriTad” zomebs, dasaWiroebis SemTxvevaSi ”damatebiT” (damxmare) zomebsac.3. “ZiriTadi zomebi” warmoadgenen minimalur moTxovnebs SesabamisobaSi yofnisaTvis da undamoicavdnen:(a) wylis dacvisaTvis gaTvaliswinebul evrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobis ganxorcielebisaTvissaWiro zomebs, me-10 muxlsa da VI danarTis a punqtSi dakonkretebuli kanonmdeblobiTmoTxovnili zomebis CaTvliT;(b)zomebs, romlebic Sesabamisad aris miCneuli me-9 muxlis miznebidan gamomdinare;(c) wylis efeqturi da stabiluri moxmarebisaTvis xelSemwyob zomebs, me-4 muxlSi dakonkretebulimiznebis miRwevis safrTxis qveS dayenebis Tavidan asacileblad.(d) me-7 muxlis moTxovnebis Sesabamis zomebs, wylis xarisxis dacvisaTvis gankuTvnili zomebisCaTvliT, sasmeli wylis warmoebisaTvis saWiro gamwmendi gadamuSavebis xarisxis SemcirebismizniT.(e) mtknari zedapiruli wylisa da gruntis wylis abstragirebasa da mtknari zedapiruli wylisCaketvis (wyalsacavSi moTavsebis) kontroli da winaswari uflebamosilebis (licenzirebis)moTxovna abstragirebisa da CaketvisaTvis. aRniSnuli kontroli (Semowmebebi) unda perioduladganixilos da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi ganaxldes. wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT gaaTavisuflonkontrolisagan abstragireba da Caketva, romelsac ar gaaCnia mniSvnelovani zegavlena wylismdgomareobaze;(f) kontroli, gruntis wylis xelovnuri kevbisa da momatebisaTvis winaswari uflebamosilebismoTxovnis CaTvliT. wylis gamoyeneba SesaZlebelia momdinareobdes nebismieri zedapiruli dagruntis wylidan, imis uzrunvelyofiT rom aRniSnuli wyaros gamoyeneba safrTxis qveS ardaayenebs gruntis wylis momatebuli da nakvebi obieqtis wyarosaTvis dadgenili garemosdacviTimiznebis ganxorcielebas. aRniSnuli kontrolebi periodulad unda ganixilos da saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi ganaxldes.(g) wertilovani wyaros CamonadenebisaTvis, romlebsac SeuZliaT gamoiwvion dabinZureba - winaswariregulirebis moTxovna damabinZureblebis wyalSi moxvedris akrZalvis Taobaze an winaswariuflebamosilebis Taobaze an registraciisa, romelic dafuZnebuli iqneba savaldebulo wesebze,romlebic adgenen mocemuli dambinZureblebisaTvis emisiis kontrols, me-10 da me-16 muxlebisSesabamisi kontrolis (Semowmebebis) CaTvliT. aRniSnuli Semowmebebi periodulad undaganixilos da saWiroebisas ganaxldes;(h) dabinZurebis gamomwvevi difuziuri wyaroebisaTvis – dambiZureblebiT gamowveuli SedegebisaRmkveTi an sakontrolo zomebi. kontroli SesaZlebelia warmodgenili iyos winaswariregulirebis Taobaze moTxovnis saxiT, rogoricaa dambinZureblebis wyalSi moxvedris aRkveTa,zogad savaldebulo wesebze dafuZnebuli winaswari uflebamosileba an registracia, imSemTxvevaSi Tu amgvari moTxovna evrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobiT sxvagvarad ar arisgaTvalisiwinebuli. amgvari kontroli periodulad Semowmdeba da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSiganaxldeba.(i) me-5 muxlsa da II danarTSi gansazRvrul nebismieri arsebiTi mavne zegavlena wylismdgomareobaze, kerZod ki zomebi, romlebic uzrunvelyofen wylis obieqtebishidromorfologiuri pirobebis Sesabamisobas xelovnurad an Zlier modificireblad miCneuliwylebis obieqtebis mimarT moTxovnili ekologiuri statusisa da kargi ekologiuripotencialis miRwevas.23


am mizniT ganxorcielebuli Semowmebebi SesaZlebelia warmodgenili iyvnen savaldebulo wesebzedafuZnebuli winaswari uflebamosilebisa an registraciis moTxovnis saxiT Tu ki amgvari moTxovnasxvagvarad ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli evrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobiT. amgvari Semowmebebiperiodulad ganixileba da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi ganaxldeba.gruntis wyalSi dambinZureblebis pirdapiri Camonadenebis akrZalva eqvemdebareba Semdegdebulebebs:(j) wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT nebarTvis gacema geoTermuli miznebisaTvis gamoyenebuli wylisxelaxal CaSvebaze imave wyalSemcvel horizontSi.maT aseve SeuZliaT nebarTvis gacema Semdegi pirobebis dakonkretebiT:- sakvlevaZiebo, hidrokarbonatebis amoRebisa da samTo saqmianobebis Sedegad warmoqmnilinivTierebebis Semcveli wylis CaSveba da teqnikuri mizniT wylis CaSveba im geologiurminakuTvnebSi romlebidanac amoRebul iqna hidrokarbonatebi an sxva nivTierebebi an imgeologiur minakuTvnebSi (formaciebSi) romlebic bunebrivi mizezebis gamo araxelsayrelniarian sxva miznebisaTvis. amgvari CaSvebebi ar unda moicavdes sxva nivTierebebs, garda zemoTaRniSnuli saqmianobis Sedegad warmoqmili nivTierebebisa,- maRaroebidan da karierebidan amoqaCuli an samoqalaqo sainJinro saqmianobasTan dakavSirebuligruntis wylis xelaxali CaSveba,- bunebrivi an Txevadi petroleum gazi (LPG) geologiur formaciebSi Senaxvis miznebisaTvis,romlebic bunebrivi mizezebiT arasodes ar arian gamosadegi sxva miznebisaTvis,- sxva geologiur formaciebSi dasawyoebebis mizniT bunebrivi an Txevadi gazis (LPG) CaSveba imSemTxvevaSi, rodesac arsebobs gaziT momaragebis usafrTxoebis pirveladi moTxovna darodesac CaSvebisas Tavidan iqneba acilebuli arsebuli da samomavlo safrTxe gruntis wylisarsebuli xarisxis gauaresebisa,- mSenebloba, samoqalaqo inJinireba da aRmSeneblobiTi samuSaoebi da sxva msgavsi samuSaoebigruntis wylebTan dakavSirebul miwaze am miwaSi. am miznebisaTvis wevr saxelmwifoebsSeuZliaT miiRon gadawyvetileba amgvari samuSaoebis nebadarTulad miCnevis SesaZleblobisTaobaze, imis uzrunvelyofiT, rom isini ganxorcieldeba wevri saxelmwifos mierCamoyalibebuli, amgvar saqmianobasTan dakavSirebuli, zogadi savaldebulo wesebis Sesabamisad.- wylis im obieqtebis daxasiaTebisaTvis, dacvisa da gamosworebisaTvis samecniero mizniT mcireraodenobiT nivTierebebis CaSveba, romlebisTvisac mkacrad aris SezRuduli aRniSnulimiznebisaTvis saWiro raodenoba, imis uzrunvelyofiT rom nivTierebebis amgvari CaSveba(Camonakadebi) ar Seaferxebs gruntis wylis aRniSnuli obieqtisaTvis dasaxuli garemosdacviTimiznebis miRwevas.(k) me-16 muxlis Sesabamisad gaTvaliswinebulia: zedapiruli wylis dabinZurebis likvidaciisaTvissaWiro zomebi, romlebic ganxorcieldeba me16 (2) muxlis mixedviT SeTanxmebuli prioritetulinivTierebebis CamonaTvalSi mocemuli nivTierebebis saSualebiT da sxva nivTierebebis saSualebiTdabinZurebis efeqturi SemcirebisaTvis, romelTa ar gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi wevri saxelmwifoebi verganaxorcieleben me-4 muxliT zedapiruli wylebisaTvis dadgenil miznebs.(l) nebismieri zomebi, romlebic saWiroa teqnikuri mowyobiloba-danadgarebidan mniSvnelovaninamwvis (danakargebis) gamoyofis Tavidan acilebisaTvis da SemTxveviTi dabinZurebis incidentebiszegavlenis SemcirebisaTvis, romlebic mag. SesaZlebelia gamowveulni iyvnen wyaldidobebiT, amgvarimovlenebis winaswari gamoZiebisa da maT Sesaxeb winaswari gafrTxilebis sistemebis gziT, da imubeduri SemTxvevebisas, romelTa gaTvaliswinebac winaswar SeuZlebelia yvela Sesabamisi zomebisgaTvaliswinebiT, romlebic saWiroa wylis ekosistemebisaTvis arsebuli safrTxis Sesamcireblad.24


4. “ damatebiTi (damxmare) zomebi” warmoadgenen ZiridaTi zomebis damatebiT Sedgenil daganxorcielebul zomebs, me-4 muxlis Sesabamisad dadgenili miznebis miRwevisaTvis. VI danarTis bnawilSi mocemulia amgvari zomebis arasruli sia.wevr saxelmwifoebs aseve SeuZliaT miiRon Semdgomi damatebiTi (damxmare) zomebi am direqtiviTgaTvaliswinebuli wylis damatebiTi dacvisa da mdgomareobis gamosworebisaTvis, I muxliTgaTvaliswinebuli saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebis ganxorcielebis CaTvliT.5. im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac monitoringi an sxva monacemebi miuTiTeben imis Taobaze, rom me-4 muxliTgaTvaliswinebuli miznebis ganxorcieleba saTuoa wylis obieqtisaTvis, wevrma saxelmwifoebma undauzrunvelyon:- SesaZlo warumateblobis SemTxvevebis gamokvleva- Sesabamisi nebarTvebisa da uflebamosilebebis (licenziebis) saTanado Semowmeba da ganxilva- monitoringis programebis saTanado ganxilva da wesrigSi moyvana, da- SesaZlo saWiro damatebiTi zomebiT dadgenili miznebis miRwevisaTvis ufro mkacrigaremosdacviTi xarisxis standartebis SemuSaveba, V danarTSi mocemuli proceduris mixedviT.im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac aRniSnuli mizezebi gamomdinareoben bunebrivi garemoebebidan an forsmaJoridan da gamonaklisebs warmoadgenen da maTi winaswar dasabuTebulad gaTvaliswinebaSeuZlebelia, kerZod ki mZlavri wyaldidobebi, xangrZlivi gvalvebi, wevr saxelmwifos me-4 (6)muxlis Sesabamisad SeuZlia usargeblod miiCnios damatebiTi zomebis miReba.6. me-3 paragrafis Tanaxmad zomebis ganxorcielebisas wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda gadadgansaTanado nabijebi, rom ar gaizardos sazRvao wylebis dabinZureba. arsebuli kanonmdeblobisdarRvevis gareSe, me-3 paragrafis Tanaxmad miRebuli zomebi aranairi pirdapiri an arapirdapirimizeziT ar unda iwvevdnen zedapiruli wylis dabinZurebis gazrdas. es moTxovna ar undagavrceldes im SemTxvevaSi Tu mas moyveba garemos mTliani dabinZureba.7. zomebis programebi unda dadgindes am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 9 wlis Semdegda yvela aRniSnuli zoma unda amoqmeddes am TariRidan araugvianes 12 wlis Semdeg.8. zomebis programa unda ganixilos da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi ganaxldes mocemuli direqtivisZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 15 wlis Semdeg da SemdgomSi yovel 6 weliwadSi. nebismieri axalian Sesworebuli zomebi romlebic dadgindeba ganaxlebuli programiT unda amoqmeddes maTidadgenidan sami wlis ganmavlobaSi.muxli 12.sakiTxebi romelTa gadawyvetac wevri saxelmwifos doneze SeuZlebelia.1. im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac wevri saxelmwifo gansazRvravs mis wylebze zegavlenis mqone sakiTxs,magram Tavad ar SeuZlia misi gadawyveta mas SeuZlia am sakiTxis Sesaxeb acnobos komisias annebismier sxva mocemul wevr saxelmwifos da warmoadginos rekomendaciebi am sakiTxisgadawyvetisaTvis.2. komisiam unda upasuxos wevri saxelmwifoebis Setyobinebasa an rekomendaciebs 6 TvisganmavlobaSi.muxli 13.mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi25


1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis SemuSaveba mTlianad maTteritoriaze mdebare TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubnisaTvis.2. mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnis SemTxvevaSi, wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyonkoordinireba mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnisaTvis erTiani marTvis gegmis SemuSavebismizniT. im SemTxvevaSi Tu mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnisaTvis amgvari marTvis gegma arSemuSavdeba wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda SeimuSavon mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi, romlebicmoicaven mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnis im nawilebs mainc, romlebic maT teritoriazeaganlagebuli am direqtivis miznebis ganxorcielebisaTvis.3. mdinaris auzis iseTi saerTaSoriso ubnis SemTxvevaSi, romelic cildeba evrogaerTianebissazRvrebs, wevrma saxelmwifoebi unda Seecadon mdinaris auzis erTiani marTvis gegmisSemuSavebas da SesaZleblobis SemTxvevaSi gegma unda moicavdes mdinaris auzis saerTaSorisoubnis im monakveTebs mainc, romlebic mocemuli wevri saxelmwifoebis teritoriaze mdebareoben.4. mdinaris auzis marTvis gegma unda moicavdes VII danarTSi dakonkretebul informacias.5. mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebs SesaZlebelia daematos ufro detaluri programebisa da qveauzebTan,ubnebTan, mdinaris SesarTavebTan da wylis tipTan dakavSirebuli marTvis gegmebi,wylis marTvis konkretuli aspeqtebis marTvisaTvis. aRniSnuli zomebis ganxorcieleba aranTavisuflebs wevr saxelmwifoebs am direqtiviT dakisrebuli sxva valdebulebebisagan.6. mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi unda gamoqveyndes am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 9Tvis Semdeg.7. mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi unda ganixilos da ganaxldes am direqtivsi ZalaSi Sesvlidanaraugvianes 15 wlis Semdeg da Semdgom yovel 6 weliwadSi erTxel.muxli 14.sajaro informacia da konsultaciebi1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma xeli unda xeli Seuwyon yvela dainteresbuli mxaris Cabmas am direqtivisganxorcielebaSi, kerZod mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis warmoebaSi, ganxilvasa da ganaxlebaSi.wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda uzrunvelyon TiToeuli mdinaris auzis ubanTan dakavSirebiTSemdegi informaciis gamoqveyneba da misi xelmiwsawvdomoba sazogadoebisaTvis Tvisikomentarebisa da SeniSvnebis gasakeTeblad, misi momxmareblebis (gamomyeneblebis) CaTvliT:(a) gegmis SeqmnisaTvis saWiro ganrigi da samuSao programa, misaRebi sakonsultacio zomebis Sesaxebganacxadis CaTvliT dadgenili unda iyos sul cota sami wliT adre vidre daiwyeba is periodi,romelsac exeba gegma;(b) mdinaris auzSi gamovlenili wylis marTvasTan dakavSirebuli mniSvnelovani sakiTxebisSualeduri mimoxilva - sul cota ori wliT adre gegmiT gaTvaliswinebuli periodisdawyebamde.(c) mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis proeqtis aslebi - erTi wliT adre gegmiT gaTvaliswinebuliperiodis dawyebamde. moTxovnis safuZvelze, mdinaris auzis marTvis proeqtis Camoyalibebisasgamoyenebuli ZiriTadi dokumentebis da informaciis xelmisawvdomoba daSvebuli iqneba.2. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda darTon neba werilobiTi formiT komentarebis gakeTebaze da amdokumentebis xelmisawvdomobaze ara nakleb 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi raTa uzrunvelyofil iqnas amprocesSi monawileoba da konsultaciebi.3. 1 da 2 paragrafi aseve unda vrceldebodes mdinaris auzis marTvis ganaxlebuli gegmisvariantzec.26


muxli 15.angariSis gakeTeba (angariSgeba)1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda gaugzavnon mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi da maTi Sesabamisiganaxlebuli variantebi komisiasa da nebismier sxva mocemul wevr saxelmwifos, maTi gamoqveynebidansami Tvis ganmavlobaSi:(a) mdinaris auzis im ubnebisaTvis, romlebic mTlianad wevri saxelmwifos teritoriaze arianganlagebulni, an mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebi, romlebic moicaven erovnul teritorias da me-13 muxlis Sesabamisad arian gamoqveynebuli;(b) mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso ubnebisaTvis, mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis is nawili mainc,romelic moicavs wevri saxelmwifos teritorias.2. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda warmoadginon Semajamebeli angariSebi:– me-5 muxliT moTxovnili analizisa, da- me-8 muxlis mixedviT Sedgenili monitoringis programis CaTvliT,romlebic xorciledeba mdinaris auzis marTvis pirveli gegmisaTvis misi dadgenis Semdeg sami TvisganmavlobaSi.3. me-13 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli TiToeuli mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis an misi ganaxlebulivariantis gamoqveynebidan sami Tvis ganmavlobaSi wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda waradginonSualeduri angariSebi, romlebSic aRwerili unda iyos dagegmili zomebis programisganxorcielebis progresi.muxli 16.wylis dabinZurebis winaaRmdegi strategiebi1. evroparlamentma da sabWom unda miiRos specifiuri zomebi calkeuli dambinZureblebisa andambinZureblebis jgufis mier, romlebic mniSvnelovan safrTxes (risks) uqmnian akvaturgaremos an misi saSualebiT qmnian am safrTxes, sasmeli wylis abstragirebisaTvisgamoyenebuli wylisaTvis aRniSnuli riskis CaTvliT, wylis dabinZurebis winaaRmdeg. aRniSnulidamabinZureblebis winaaRmdeg miRebuli zomebi miznad unda isaxavdnen maT mniSvnelovanwiladSemcirebas, prioritetuli mavne nivTierebebTan dakavSirebiT, rogorc me-2 (3) muxlSiagansazRvruli, maTi Camonakadebis (CaSvebis), emisiebisa da danakargebis (namwvis) Sewyvetasa daSemcirebas. amgvari zomebi miRebuli unda iyvnen evrogaerTianebis mier, evrogaerTianebisdamfuZnebel xelSekrulebaSi mocemuli procedurebis Sesabamisad, warmodgenil winadadebebzedayrdnobiT.2. komisiam unda warmoadginos winadadeba, romelSic mocemuli iqneba im nivTierebebs SorisamorCeuli prioritetuli nivTierebebis sia, romlebic mniSvnelovan safrTxes uqmnian akvaturgaremos an mniSvnelovan safrTxes qmnian am garemos saSualebiT. nivTierebebi prioritetuladiqnebian miCneulni maT winaaRmdeg zomebis misaRebad gamomdinare im riskisa, romelsac isiniuqmnian akvatur sistemas an qmnian akvaturi sistemis saSualebiT da romelic gansazRvrulia:(a) # 793/93(EEC) (22)reglamentiT, 91/414/EEC (23) sabWos direqtiviT da evroparlamentisa daevrosabWos (24) 98/8/EC direqtiviT gaTvaliswinebuli riskis Sefasebis safuZvlebze(b) mizanmimarTul (konkretuli) riskze-dafuZnebuli Sefaseba (# 79/93 (EEC) reglamentismeTodologiidis mixedviT) romelic fokusirebulia mxolod akvatur ekotoqsikurobasa daakvaturi garemos zegavleniT adamianis toksikurobaze.27


saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, me-4 paragrafSi mocemul ganrigTan SesabamisobisaTvis unda dadgindesprioritetuli nivTierebebi maT winaaRmdeg zomebis misaRebad gamartivebul, riskze-dafuZnebuli,proceduriT, gansazRvruli akvaturi garemosadmi riskisa an am garemos saSualebiT arsebuliriskis safuZvelze, romelic eyrdnoba mecnierul principebs, gansakuTrebiT qvemoT CamoTvlilifaqtorebis gaTvaliswinebiT:- mocemuli nivTierebis damaxasiaTebeli mavne zegavlenis mtkicebuleba da gansakuTrebiTakvaturi ekotoqsikuroba da adamianis toqsikuroba akvaturi garemos (aquatic exposure routes)zegavleniT, da- farTodgavrcelebuli garemos dabinZurebis monitoringis mtkicebulebebi, da- sxva damtkicebuli faqtorebi, romlebmac SesaZloa miuTiTon farTodgavrcelebuli garemoskontaminaciis SesaZleblobebze, rogorebicaa mocemuli nivTierebis warmoebisa da gamoyenebismoculoba da gamoyenebis magaliTebi.3. komisiis winadadebaSi aseve unda ganisazRvros prioritetuli mavne nivTierebebi.zemoaRniSnulis ganxorcielebiT komisiam unda gaiTvaliswinos aRniSnuli nivTierebebisSerCeva, romelic ganxorcielebulia mavne nivTierebebTan dakavSirebuli SesabamisikanonmdeblobiT an Sesabamisi saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebiT.4. komisiam unda ganixilos prioritetuli nivTierebebis miRebuli sia am direqtivis miRebidanaraugvianes oTxi wlis Semdeg da amis Semdgom sul cota oTx weliwadSi erTxel daSesabamisad warmoadginos Tavisi winadadebebi.5. winadadebebis momzadebisas komisiam unda gaiTvaliswinos toqsikologiis, ekotoqsikologiisada garemodacvis samecniero komitetis, wevri saxelmwifoebis, evroparlamentis, evropisgaremosdacvis saagentos, evrogaerTianebis kvleviTi programebis, saerTaSoriso organizaciebis,romelTa partniorsac is warmoadgens, biznesis evropuli organizaciebis, mcire da saSualosawarmoebis warmomadgenlebis CaTvliT, evropis garemosdacviTi organizaciebis rekomendaciebida sxva Sesabamisi informacia, romelic mis sayuradRebod aris warmodgenili.6. prioritetuli nivTierebisaTvis komisiam unda waradginos winadadebebi qvemoTCamoTvlilisakiTxebis Semowmebis (kontrolis) Taobaze:- mocemuli nivTierebebis Camonadenenbis (CaSvebis), emisiebisa da danakargebis efeqturiSemcirebis, kerZod- me-3 paragrafis Sesabamisad gansazRvruli nivTierebebis Camonadenebis, emisiebisa dadanakargebis (namwvis) SeCereba an aRmofxvra amis ganxorcielebisaTvis Sesabamisi ganrigisCaTvliT. aRniSnuli ganrigi ar unda aRematebodes 20 weliwads evroparlamentisa da sabWosmier am winadadebebis miRebis Semdeg, mocemuli muxlis debulebebis Sesabamisad.zemoaRniSnulis ganxorcielebis Sedegad man unda gansazRvros produqciisa da warmoebiskontrolis rentabelurobisa da Tanazomierebis xarisxi da kombinireba, rogorc wertilovani asevedifuziuri wayaroebisaTvis da gaiTvaliswinos evrogaerTianebis farglebSi miRebuli savaldebuloemisiis moculobis SezRudva warmoebis kontrolisaTvis. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebeliaevrogaerTianebis doneze warmoebis kontrolisaTvis misaRebi zoma dadgindes seqtorul (seqtor –seqtor) safuZvelze. rodesac produqciis kontroli moicavs 94/414/EEC direqtivisa da 98/8/ECdireqtivis safuZvelze gacemuli licenziebis Semowmebas, Semowmebebi ganxorcieldeba aRniSnulidireqtivebis debulebebis Sesabamisad. TiToeuli winadadebaSi kontrolis Taobaze undadakonkretebuli iyos kontrolis Semowmebis, ganaxlebisa da efeqturobis Sefasebis zomebi.28


7. komisiam unda waradginos winadadebebi zedapirul wyalSi, danaleqsa da florasa da faunaSiprioritetuli nivTierebebis koncentraciebisaTvis gamosayenebeli (misasadagebeli) xarisxisstandartebis Taobaze.8. komisiam unda warmoadginos winadadebebi me-6 da me-7 paragrafebis Sesabamisad da wertilovaniwyareobisaTvis emisiis kontrolisa da garemosdacviTi xarisxis standartebisaTvis araumetesori wlis ganmavlobaSi mocemuli nivTierebebis prioritetuli nivTierebebis siaSi Setanidan.prioritetuli nivTierebebis pirvel siaSi Setanili nivTierbebeisaTvis, am direqtivis ZalaSiSesvlidan eqvsi wlis Semdeg evrogaerTianebis doneze SeTanxmebis ar arsebobis SemTxvevaSi,wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda Camoayalibon garemosdacviTi xarisxis standartebi amnivTierebebisaTvis yvela zedapiruli wylisaTvis romelzedac am nivTierebebis Camonakadebi(CaSveba) axdens zegavlenas da amgvari Camonakadebis ZiriTadi wyaroebis kontrolisaTvis,romelic sxva sakiTxebTan erTad dafuZnebuli iqneba yvela teqnikuri Semcirebis variantebTandakavSirebul mosazrebebze. prioritetuli nivTierebebis siaSi Sesabamisad SetanilinivTierebebisaTvis, evrogaerTianebis doneze SeTanxmebis ar arsebobis SemTxvevaSi, wevrmasaxelmwifoebma unda miiRon amgvari zoma maTi siaSi Setanidan xuTi wlis Semdeg.9. komisias SeuZlia moamzados strategiebi sxva damabinZureblebis an dambinZurebelTa jgufismier wylis dabinZurebis winaaRmdeg, ubeduri SemTxvevebiT gamowveuli nebismieri dabinZurebisCaTvliT.10. me-6 da me-7 paragrafebis mixedviT Tavisi winadadebebis momzadebisas, komisiam aseve undaganixilos IX danarTSi mocemuli yvela direqtiva. man unda warmoadginos winadadeba me-8paragrafSi mocemuli bolo vadisaTvis, IX danarTSi mocemuli yvela kontrolis Semowmeba imnivTierebebisaTvis, romlebic Setanilia prioritetuli nivTierebebis siaSi da unda SesTavazosSesabamisi zomebi yvela sxva nivTierebisaTvis IX danarTSi mocemuli kontrolis (Semowmebebis)SesaZlebeli gauqmebis Taobaze.IX danarTSi mocemuli yvela kontroli, romlis Semowmebac SemoTavazebulia gauqmdeba amSemowmebebis ZalaSi Sesvlis dRidan.11. me-2 da me-3 paragrafebSi aRniSnuli nivTierebebis prioritetuli nivTierebis evrokomisiis mierSemoTavazebuli sia misi evroparlamentis mier miRebis Semdeg warmodgenili iqneba amdireqtivis X danarTTan erTad. me-4 paragrafSi aRniSnuli misi revizia (Semowmeba) igiveproceduris mixedviT ganxorcieldeba.muxli 17.gruntis wylis dabinZurebis aRkveTisa da kontrolis strategiebi1. evroparlamentma da evrosabWom unda miiRon konkretuli zomebi gruntis wylis dabinZurebisaRkveTisa da kontrolisaTvis. amgvari zomebi miznad unda isaxavdnen me-4 (1) (b) muxlisSesabamisad gruntis wylis kargi qimiuri statusis miRwevas da miRebulni unda iyvnen amdireqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan ori wlis Semdeg komisiis mier warmodgenili winadadebissafuZvelze, evrogaerTianebis damfuZnebeli SeTanxmebiT gaTvaliswinebuli procedurisSesabamisad.2. zomebis SemoTavazebisas komisiam unda gaiTvaliswinos me-5 muxlisa da II danarTis Sesabamisadganxorcielebuli analizi. amgvari zomebi ufro adrec unda iyos SemTavazebuli Semdegimonacemebis xelimisawvdomobis SemTxvevaSi:29


(a) gruntis wylis kargi mdgomareobis Sefasebis kriteriumebi, II.2.2. daV.2.3.2. da 2.4.5. danarTebisSesabamisad(b) mniSvnelovani da stabiluri mzardi tendenciebis (mimarTulebebis, trendi) identifikaciisa datendenciebis cvalebadobis sawyisi mizezebis ganmsazRvreli kriteriumebi, romlebic V danarTis2..4.4. punqtis Sesabamisad gamoiyeneba.3. I paragrafis gamoyenebidan gamomdinare zomebi Setanilni unda iyvnen me-11 muxliT moTxovnilzomebis programaSi.4. evrogaerTianebis doneze me-2 paragrafiT gaTvaliswinebuli kriteriumebis ar arsebobisSemTxvevaSi, wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda Camoayalibon saTanado kriteriumebi am direqtivisZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg araugvianes 5 wlis Semdeg.5. erovnul doneze me-4 paragrafis Sesabamisad miRebuli zomebis uqonlobis SemTxvevaSi,tendenciebis cvlilebisaTvis aTvlis wertilad aRebul unda iqnas gruntis wyalTandakavSirebuli evrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobaSi mocemuli xarisxis standartebis maqsimum 75 %.muxli 18komisiis angariSi1. komisiam unda gamoaqveynos am direqtivis ganxorcielebasTan dakavSirebuli angariSi, mocemulidireqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 12 wlis Semdeg da Semdgom yoveli 6 weliwadSierTxel da unda warudginos igi evroparlamentsa da evrosabWos.2. angariSi unda moicavdes :(a) direqtivis ganxorcielebis mimdinareobis mimoxilvas;(b) evrogaerTianebaSi zedapiruli da gruntis wylis mdgomareobis mimoxilvas, ganxorcielebulsevropis garemosdacviT saagentosTan SeTanxmebiT.(c) me-15 muxlis Sesabamisad wardgenili mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmebis mimoxilvas, momavaligegmebis gaumjobesebasTan dakavSirebuli mosazrebebis CaTvliT;(d) me-12 muxlis Tanaxmad wevri saxelmwifoebis mier komisiisadmi wardgenil angariSebsa darekomendaciebze pasuxebis mokle mimoxilvas,(e) me-16 muxlis Sesabamisad Camoyalibebuli nebismieri SemoTavazebebs, sakontrolo zomebisa dastrategiebis mokle mimoxilvas,(f) wina ganxorcielebis Sesaxeb angariSebis Taobaze evroparlamentisa da evrosabWos miergakeTebuli komentarebis mokle mimoxilvas.3. komisiam aseve unda gamoaqveynos angariSi ganxorcielebis mimdinareobis progresis(mimdinareobis) Sesaxeb, romelic daefuZneba me-15 (2) muxlis Sesabamisad wevri saxelmwifoebismier wardgenil angariSebs da isini warudgenen maT evroparlamentsa da wevr saxelmwifoebs, me-5da me-8 muxlebSi mocemuli TariRidan araugvianes 2 wlis Semdeg.4. komisiam, I paragrafis Sesabamisad, TiToeuli angariSis gamoqveynebidan sami wlis ganmavlobaSiunda gamoaqveynos Sualeduri (gardamavali) angariSi, romelSic aRwerili iqnebaganxorcielebisas miRweuli progresi wevri saxelmwifoebis Sualeduri angariSebis safuZvelze,rogorc me-15 (3) muxlSia aRniSnuli. yovelive unda waredginos evroparlamentsa da sabWos.5. komisiam, angariSgebis periodis Sesabamisad unda Caataros konferencia, dainteresebulimxareebisaTvis, evrogaerTianebis wylis politikis Temaze, raTa TiToeulma wevrma saxelmwifom30


gaakeTos komentarebi ganxorcielebis Sesaxeb komisiis angariSze da gauziaros Tavisigamocdileba.monawileTa Soris unda iyvnen kompetenturi organoebis, evroparlamentisa da arasamTavroboorganizaciebis warmomadgenlebi, partniorebi socialur da ekonomikur sferoSi, momxmarebeliorganoebis warmomadgenlebi, akademikosebi da sxva eqspertebi.muxli 19evrogaerTianebis samomavlo zomebis gegmebi1. weliwadSi erTxel, sainformacio miznebisaTvis, komisiam unda warudginos komisias, 21-e muxlisSesabamisad, wylis Sesaxeb kanobmdeblobaze zegavlenis mqone zomebis indikatiuri gegma, romlisSemoTavazebasac is apirebs uaxloes momavalSi, SemoTavazebidan gamomdinare nebismieri sakiTxis,sakontrolo zomebis da strategiebis CaTvliT, romlebic gansazRvrulia me-16 muxlSi. komisiampirveli aseTi saxis wardgineba (prezentacia) unda gaakeTos am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidanaraugvianes 2 wlis Semdeg.2. komisiam unda ganixilos aRniSnuli direqtiva misi ZalaSi Sesvlidan araugvianes 19 wlis Semdegda warmoadginos winadadebebi nebismieri SesaZlebeli cvlilebebis Sesaxebmuxli 20.direqtivaSi Sesatani teqnikuri cvlilebebi1. I III danarTebi da V danarTis 1.3.6. nawili SesaZlebelia SesabamisobaSi iqnas moyvanilisamecniero-teqnikur progresTan, 21-e muxlSi mocemuli procedurebis Sesabamisad, mdinaris auzismarTvis gegmebis ganxilvisa da ganaxlebisaTvis saWiro drois gaTvaliswinebiT, rogorc me-13muxlSia mocemuli. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, komisias SeuZlia miiRos saxelmZRvanelo principebi IIda V danarTebis ganxorcielebisaTvis, 21-e muxlSi Camoyalibebuli proceduris Sesabamisad.2. monacemebis gadacemisa da damuSavebis mizniT, statistikuri da kartografiuli monacemebisCaTvliT, I paragrafis miznebisaTvis gaTvaliswinebuli teqnikuri formatebi SesaZlebeliamiRebul iqnen 21-e muxlSi mocemuli procedurebis Sesabamisad.muxli 21maregulirebeli komiteti1. komisias daxmareba unda gauwios komitetma (SemdgomSi wodebuli, rogorc “komiteti”).2. rodesac miTiTebulia aRniSnuli muxli, unda iqnes gamoyenebuli 1999/468/EC gadawyvetilebis me-5da me-7 muxlebi, me-8 muxlis debulebebis gaTvalisiwnebiT.1999/468/EC gadawyvetilebis me-5(6) muxlSi mocemuli periodi ganisazRvreba sami Tvis vadiT.3. komitetma unda miiRos proceduruli wesebi.muxli 22gauqmeba da gardamavali debulebebi1. am direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlidan Svidi wlis Semdeg uqmdeba:31


- 1975 wlis 16 ivnisis 75/440/EEC direqtiva wevr saxelmwifoebSi sasmeli wylis abstragirebisaTvisgankuTvnili zedapiruli wylisaTvis saWiro xarisxis Sesaxeb (25),- 1977 wlis 12 dekembris 77/795 sabWos gadawyvetileba, romelic ayalibebs saerTo procedurasevrogaerTianebaSi zedapiruli mtknari wylis xarisxis Sesaxeb informaciis gacvlisaTvis (26),- 1979 wlis 9 oqtombris sabWos direqtiva 79/869/EEC - wevr saxelmwifoebSi sasmeli wylisabstragirebisaTvis gankuTvnili zedapiruli wylis gazomvis meTodebisa da sinjebis aRebisada analizis sixSiris Sesaxeb (27).2. am direqtivebis ZalaSi Sesvlidan 13 wlis Semdeg gauqmdeba:1978 wlis 18 ivlisis sabWos direqtiva 78/659/EEC mtknari wylis, romelic saWiroebs dacvas angaumjobesebas Tevzebis sicocxlis xelSewyobisaTvis, xarisxis Sesaxeb (28),- 1979 wlis 30 oqtombris sabWos direqtiva 79/923/EEC kibosebrTa (moluskebis) SemcveliwylisaTvis saWiro xarisxis Sesaxeb,- 1979 wlis 17 dekembris sabWos direqtiva 80/68/EEC zogierTi mavne nivTierebebiT gamowveulidabinZurebisagan gruntis wylis dacvis Sesaxeb,- 79/464/ EEC direqtiva, me-6 muxlis gamoklebiT, romelic unda gauqmdes am direqtivis ZalaSiSesvlis Sedegad.3. 76/464/ EEC direqtivisaTvis gamoyenebuli iqneba Semdegi gardamavali debulebebi:a) am direqtivis me-16 muxlis Sesabamisad miRebuli prioritetuli nivTierebebis siam undaSecvalos nivTierebaTa sia, romlebic prioritetulad arian miCneulni sabWosadmi komisiis 1982wlis 22 ivnisis SetyobinebaSi;b) 76/464/ EEC direqtivis me-7 muxlis miznebisaTvis, wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT gamoiyenondabinZurebis problemebisa da misi gamomwvevi nivTierebebis identifikaciisaTvis, xarisxisstandartebis Camoyalibebisa da zomebis miRebisaTvis am direqtivaSi mocemuli principebi.4. me-4 muxlSi mocemuli garemosdacviTi miznebi da IX danarTSi Camoyalibebuli garemosdacviTixarisxis standartebi, me-16 (7) muxlis Sesabamisad da wevri saxelmwifoebis mier V danarTissafuZvelze, romelic exeba nivTierebebs, romlebic ar eqcevian prioritetuli nivTierebebis siaSida prioritetuli nivTierebebis Sesaxeb, romlebisTvisac jer ar aris gansazRvrulievrogaerTianebis standartebi, me-16 (8) muxlis Tanaxmad, miCneulni iqnebian garmosdacviTi xarisxisstandartebad 96/61/EC direqtivis me-2 muxlis 7 punqtisa da me-10 muxlis miznebisaTvis.5. im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac me-16 muxlis safuZvelze miRebuli prioritetuli nivTierebebis siaSimocemuli nivTiereba ar aris Setanili am direqtivis VIII danarTSi an 96/61/EC direqtivis IIIdanarTSi, is unda iyos damatebuli.6. zedapiruli wylis obieqtebisaTvis, am direqtiviT moTxovnili mdinaris auzis marTvis pirveligegmiT dadgenili garemosdacviTma miznebma, rogorc minimum, unda iqonion gavlena xarisxisstandartebze da isini unda iyvnen 76/464/ EC direqtivis ganxorcielebisaTvis saWirostandartebze aranakleb mkacrni.muxli 23jarimebi (sanqciebi)wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda daadginon jarimebi am direqtivis Sesabamisad Camoyalibebuli erovnulidebulebebis darRvevebTan dakavSirebiT. Sesabamisad miRebuli sanqciebi unda iyvnen efqturebi,Tanazomierni da kategoriuli xasiaTis.24-e muxliganxorcieleba32


1. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda aamoqmedon am direqtivasTan SesabamisobaSi mosvlisaTvis saWirokanonebi, reglamentebi da administraciuli debulebebi, araugvianes 2003 wlis 22 dekembrisa. risSesaxebac maT dauyonebliv unda acnobon komisias.rodesac wevri saxelmwifo miiRebs aRniSnul zomebs, isini unda moicavdnen miTiTebas am direqtivisSesaxeb an es miTiTeba unda Tan erTvodes am zomebs maTi oficialurad gamoqveynebis SemTxvevaSi.wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda Camoayalibon amgvari miTiTebebis gakeTebis meqanizmi2. wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda Seatyobinon komisias erovnuli kanonmdeblobis ZiriTadi debulebebisteqstebi, romlebic maT miiRebs am direqtiviT regulirebad sferoSi. ris Sesaxebac komisiam Semdgomunda acnobos sxva wevr saxelmwifoebsmuxli 25ZalaSi Sesvlaes direqtiva ZalaSi unda Sevides misi evrogaerTianebebis oficialur JurnalSi gamoqveynebisdRidan.muxli 26es direqtiva gankuTvnilia wevri saxelmwifoebisaTvis.luqsemburgi, 2000 wlis 23 oqtomberievroparlamentis saxeliTprezidentin. fonteiniN(N. Ffontaine )sabWos saxeliTprezidentij. glavani(J. Gglavani)33


danarTi Isavaldebulo informacia da kompetentur organiTa CamonaTvaliam direqtivis me-3 muxlis me-8 punqtis Sesabamisad evrogaerTianebis wevrma saxelmwifoebma undauzrunvelyon informaciis mowodeba rogorc maTi mdinareTa auzebis raionebis farglebSi moqmedyvela kompetenturi organos, aseve nebismieri mdinaris auzis saerTaSoriso raionis maTteritoriaze mdebare ubnis Taobaze. informacia unda moicavdes:(1) kompetenturi organos dasaxelebas da misamarTs: me-3 muxlis me-2 punatis SesabamisadgansazRvruli organos oficialur dasaxelebas da misamarTs.(2) geografiul monacemebs mdinaris auzis raionis Taobaze: mdinaris auzis raionis farglebSigamdinare yvela mdinaris dasaxelebas da mdinaris auzis raionis sazRvrebis zust aRweras.aRniSnuli informacia, SesaZleblobis farglebSi, gamosadegi unda iyos romelime geografiulinformaciul sistemaSi (GIS), da/an komisiis geografiul informaciul sistemaSi (GISCO) Sesayvanad.(3) am kompetenturi organos samarTlebriv statuss: kompetenturi organos samarTlebrivi statusisaRweras an, aucileblobis SemTxvevaSi, misi debulebis asls an mokle anotacias, damfuZnebelxelSekrulebas an sxva eqvivalentur iuridiul dokuments.(4) valdebulebebi: TiToeuli kompetenturi organos sakanonmdeblo da administraciulivaldebulebebis aRweras da informacias misi rolis Sesaxeb mdinaris auzis TiToeuli raionisfarglebSi.(5) monawileoba: im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac kompetenturi organo moqmedebs, rogorc sxva kompetenturiorganoebis makoordinirebeli struqtura: daqvemdebarebuli organoebis aucilebel CamonaTvals,amgvari koordinaciis uzrunvelsayofad Camoyalibebuli institucionaluri urTierTobebis mokleaRweriT.(6) saerTaSoriso urTierTobebi: im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac mdinaris auzis raioni moicavsevrogaerTianebis erTze met wevr saxelmwifos an vrceldeba evrogaerTianebis arawevri qveynebisteritoriaze, koordinaciis uzrunvelsayofad Camoyaliebebuli institucionaluri urTierTobebismokle aRweras.____________34


danarTi IIzedapiruli wylebi1.1. zedapiruli wylis obieqtebis tipiuri maxasiaTeblebis gansazRvraevrogaerTianebis wevri saxelmwifoebi daadgenen wylis obieqtebis ganlagebis adgilebs da maTsazRvrebs da moaxdenen maT winaswar klasifikacias qvemoTmoyvanili meTodikis Sesabamisad.winaswari klasifikaciis mizniT evrogaerTianebis wevr saxelmwifoebs SeuZliaT wylis obieqtebisgaerTianeba tipiur jgufebad.(I) mdinaris auzis farglebSi arsebuli zedapiruli wylis obieqtebi unda ganekuTvnos zedapiruliwylebis qvemoTmoyvanili kategoriebidan erTerTs: mdinareebi, tbebi, gardamavali an sanapiro wylebi,xelovnuri an Zlier Secvlili zedapiruli wylis obieqtebi.(II) zedapiruli wylebis TiToeuli obieqti unda diferencirebuli iyos misi tipis Sesabamisad.tipebis dadgena xdeba A an B sistemis Sesabamisad, rogorc es miTiTebulia 1.2 ganyofilebSi.(III) A sistemis gamoyenebisas mdinaris auzis farglebSi arsebul zedapiruli wylis obieqtebserTmaneTisgan ganasxvaveben geografiuli zonebis Sesabamisi ekoregionebis mixdeviT. geografiulizonebis ganmartebebi moyvanilia 1.2 ganyofilebaSi da naCvenebia XI danarTis rukaze. SemdgomSi xdebaTiToeuli ekoregionis farglebSi moqceuli wylis obietebis dayofa tipebis mixedviT A sistemisSesabamis cxrilSi moyvanili maxasiaTeblebis Sesabamisad.(IV) B sistemis gamoyenebisas evrogaerTianebis wevrma saxelmwifoebma unda miaRwion diferenciaciisiseT xarisxs mainc, romlic miiRweva A sistemis gamoyenebisas. amdenad, aucilebelia mdinaris auzisraionis farglebSi mdebare wylis obieqtebis diferenciacia tipebis mixedviT savaldebulomaxasiaTeblebis an im arasavaldebulo maxasiaTeblebis an maTi Sexamebis Sedegad miRebulimaCveneblebis gamoyenebiT, romlebic aucilebelia konkretuli tipiuri biologiuri makontrolebelipirobebis gansazRvrisaTvis.(V) xelovnuri an Zlier Secvlili zedapiruli wylebis obieqtebis diferenciacia undaganxorcieldes im zedapiruli wylebis nebismieri kategoriisaTvis gamoyenebuli maxasiaTeblebisSesabamisad, romelic yvelaze axlos dgas xelovnur an Zlier Secvlil wylis zedapirulobieqtebTan.(VI) evrogaerTianebis wevrma saxelmwifoebma komisias unda warudginon GIS formatSi Sesrulebuliruka (am rukebi), romelSic miTiTebuli iqneba tipiuri wylis obieqtebis geografiuli mdebareoba,diferencirebuli A sistemis moTxovnaTa Sesabamisad.1.2. ekoregionebi da zedapiruli wylebis obieqtebis tipebi1.2.1 mdinareebisistema amudmivi tipologiaekoregionitipidaxasiaTebaekoregionebi, romlebic aRniSnulia ruqaze a, danarTSi XIsimaRlis tipologiamaRlobi: > 800 msaSualo simaRle: 200 – 800 mdablobi: < 200 mzomaTa tipologia wyalSemkrebi teritoriis safuZvelze:mcire: 10 – 100 km 2saSualo: 100 – km 2didi: 1,000 – km 2Zalian didi: > km 2geologia:35


kirianikaJianiorganulisistema balternatiuli daxasiaTebaaucilebeli faqtorebialternatiuli faqtorebifizikuri da qimiuri faqtorebi, romlebic gansazRvravenmdinaris an misi nawilis maxasiaTeblebs da, Sesabamisad,gansazRvraven biologiuri populaciis struqturasa daSemadgnelobassimaRlesiganesigrZegeologiazomebimanZili mdinaris saTavedandinebis energetiukuli maCveneblebi (dinebis funqcia dadaqaneba)wylis zedapiris saSualo siganewylis saSualo siRrmewylis saSualo daxrilobamTavari mdinaris kalapotis forma da konturimdinaris SesarTavis (dinebis) kategoriadablobis moxazulobamyari nivTierebebis gadatanamJavianobis ganeitralebis unarisubstratis saSualo Semadgelnlobaqloridebis arsebobahaeris saSualo temperaturahaeris temperaturaTa dipazoniatmosferuli naleqebi1.2.2 tbebisistema amudmivi tipologiaekoregionebi, romlebic aRniSnulia ruqaze a, danarTSi XIsimaRlis tipologiamaRlobi: > 800 msaSualo simaRle: 200 – 800 mdablobi: < 200 mtipologiuri siRrme saSualo siRrmis safuZvelze:< 3 m3 -15 m>15 mzomebis tipologia wylis zedapiris farTobis safuZvelze:mcire: 0,5 - 1 km 2saSualo: 1 - 10 km 236


didi: 10 - 100 km 2Zalian didi: >100 km 2geologia:kirianikaJianiorganulisistema balternatiuli daxasiaTebaaucilebeli faqtorebialternatiuli faqtorebifizikuri da qimiuri faqtorebi, romlebic gansazRvraventbis maxasiaTeblebs da, Sesabamisad, gansazRvravenbiologiuri populaciis struqturasa da SemadgnelobassimaRlesiganesigrZegeologiazomebiwylis saSualo siRrmetbis formatbis asakihaeris saSualo temperaturaSerevis maxasiaTevlebi (mag: monomiqtikuri, dimiqtikurian polimiqtikuri)mJavianobis ganeitralebis unarinutrientebis fonuri Semadgenlobasubstratis saSualo Semadgenlobawylis donis cvalebadoba1.2.3 gardamavali wylebisistema amudmivi tipologiadaxasiaTebaekoregioni XI danarTis ruqaze b gansazRvrulia Semdegiekoregionebi:baltiis zRvabarencis zRvanorvegiis zRvaCrdiloeTis zRvaCrdilo atlantikis okeanexmelTaSua zRvatipisimlaSis saSualo wliuri donis safuZvelze:


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1.3 zedapiruli wylis obieqtTa tipebisaTvis sawyisi tipospecifikuri pirobebis gansazRvra(i) zedapiruli wylis obieqtTa TiToeuli im tipisaTvis, romelic daxasiaTebulia 1.1 nawilisSesabamisad, unda ganisazRvros tipospecifikuri hidromorfologiuri da fizikur-qimiuri pirobebi,romlebic asaxaven im hidromorfologiuri da fizikur-qimiuri xarisxis elementebis mniSvnelobebs,romlebic gansazRvrulia V danarTis 1.1 punqtSi zedapiruli wylis obieqtis am tipisaTvis maRaliekologiuri mdgomareobis pirobebSi, rogorc es gansazRvrulia V danarTis 1.2 punqtSi mocemulSesabamis cxrilSi.aseve, gansazRvruli unda iqnes sawyisi biologiuri tipospecifikuri pirobebi, romlebic asaxaven imbiologiuri xarisxis elementebis mniSvnelobebs, romlebic gansazRvrulia V danarTis 1.1 punqtSizedapiruli wylis obieqtis am tipisaTvis maRali ekologiuri mdgomareobis pirobebSi, rogorc esgansazRvrulia V danarTis 1.2 punqtSi mocemul Sesabamis cxrilSi.(ii) Zlier saxeSecvlili an xelovnuri zedapiruli wylis obietqebisTvis winamdebare nawilSigansazRvruli procedurebis gamoyenebisas, miTiTebebi maT maRal ekologiur xarisxze ganxiluliunda iqnes, rogorc miTiTebebi maqsimalur ekologur potencialze, rogorc es gansazRvrulia VdanarTis 1.2.5. cxrilSi. wylis obieqtis maqsimaluri ekologiuri potencialis maCveneblebisgadaxedva unda moxdes yovel eqvs weliwadSi erTxel.(iii) tipospecifikuri pirobebi zemoT (i) da (ii) punqtebSi gansazRvruli miznebisaTvis da sawyisibiologiuri tipospecifikuri pirobebi SeiZleba efuZnebodes an sivrcul Sefasebas, an modelirebas,an am ori meTodis kombinacias. iq, sadac SeuZlebelia am pirobebis gansazRvrisaTvis aRniSnulimeTodebis gamoyeneba, wevri qveynebi SeiZleba daeyrdnon eqspertTa Sefasebebs. specifikurisinTetikuri damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis koncentraciasTan mimarTebaSi wylis obieqtebis maRaliekologiuri mdgomareobis gansazRvrisas, gamovlenis zRvrebad miiCneva is zRvrebi, romelTamiRwevac SesaZlebelia tipiuri pirobebis gansazRvris droisaTvis arsebuli teqnologiebisgamoyenebiT.(iv) sawyisi tipospecifikuri biologiuri pirobebis gansazRvrisaTvis sivrciTi meTodisgamoyenebisas, wevrma qveynebma zedapiruli wylis obieqtis TiToeuli tipisaTvis unda SeimuSavonsakontrolo qseli. es qseli unda moicavdes sakmarisi raodenobis maRali xarisxis mqonesakontrolo ubnebs, raTa uzrunvelyofili iqnes sakontrolo monacemebis sandoobis saTanadoxarisxi, xarisxis elementebis im maCveneblebis cvalebadobis gaTvalsiwinebiT, romlebicSeesabamebian mocemuli tipis wylis obieqtis maRal ekologiur xarisxsa da modelirebisteqnologiebs, romlebic gamoyenebuli unda iqnes V paragrafis Sesabamisad.(v) modelirebis safuZvelze sawyisi tipospecifikuri biologiuri pirobebi SeiZleba ganisazRvros ansaprognozo modelebis an retrospeqtiuli meTodebis saSualebiT. meTodebis gamoyeneba undadaefuZnos istoriul, paleologiuri da sxva arsebul monacemebs da uzrunvelyos saimedoobissakmarisi done sawyisi pirobebisaTvis, raTa uzrunvelyofili iqnes am gziT gansazRvrulipirobebis Sesabamisoba da validuroba TiToeuli tipis wylis obieqtisaTvis.(vi) rodesac zedapiruli wylis obieqtis tipis xarisxis elementisaTvis SeuZlebelia ganisazRvrossando sawyisi tipospecifikuri pirobebi am elementis bunebrivi cvalebadobis maRali xarisxis gamo,da ara mxolod sezonuli cvalebadobebis Sedegad, es elementi SeiZleba amoRebuli iqnes am tipiszedapiruli wylis ekologiuri mdgomareobis Sefasebidan. aseT SemTxvevebSi, wevrma qveynebmamdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi unda Camoayalibon amgvari amoRebis mizezebi.1.4 zedapiruli wylis obieqtebze datvirTvebis identifikaciawveri saxelmwifoebma unda Sekribon da Seinaxon informacia mniSvnelovani anTropogenulizegavlenebis tipisa da masStabebis Sesaxeb, romlebic SesaZlebeli ganicadon zedapirulma wylebmamdinaris auzis TiTeoul raionSi, kerZod ki, Semdgi saxis informacia:- dabinZurebis mniSvnelovani wertilovani wyaroebis Sefaseba da identifikacia, kerZod, imnivTierebebiT, romlebic CamoTvlilia danarTSi VII, urbanuli, samrewvelo, sasoflo-sameurneoda sxva saxis dawesebulbebis mier da sxva saxis saqmianobiT. es Sefaseba, sxvaTa Soris,daefuZneba informacias, romelic Segrovebuli iqneba qvemoCamoTvlili dokumentebisSesabamisad:(I)91/271/ЕЕС direqtivis me-15 da me-17 muxlebi;40


(II)96/61/ЕС 1 direqtivis me-9 da me-15 muxlebi;xolo mdinaris auzis marTvis sawyisi gegmis SemuSavebisaTvis:(III)76/464/ЕЕС direqtivis me-11 muxli;(IV) direqtivebi 75/440/ЕС, 76/160/ЕЕС 2 , 78/659/ЕЕС и 79/923/ЕЕС 3 .- dabinZurebis mniSvlnelovani difuzuri (gafantuli) wyaroebis Sefaseba da identifikacia,kerZod, im nivTierebebiT, romlebic CamoTvlilia danarTSi VII, urbanuli, samrewvelo,sasoflo-sameurneo da sxva saxis dawesebulbebis mier da sxva saxis saqmianobiT. es Sefaseba,sxvaTa Soris, daefuZneba informacias, romelic Segrovebuli iqneba qvemoCamoTvlilidokumentebis Sesabamisad:(I) 91/676/ЕЕС direqtivis me-3, me-5 da me-6 muxlebi 4 ;(II) 91/414/ЕЕС direqtivis me-7 da me-17 muxlebi;(III) direqtiva 98/8/ЕС;xolo mdinaris auzis marTvis pirveli gegmis SemuSavebisaTvis:(IV)direqtivebi 75/440/ЕС, 76/160/ЕЕС, 76/464/ЕЕС, 78/659/ЕЕС и 79/923/ЕЕС.urbanuli, mrewvelobis, soflis meurneobisa da sxva momxmareblebis mier gamoyenebis mizniT wylismniSvnelovani moculobebis amoRebis Sefaseba da identificireba, maT Soris, monacemebi sezonuricvalebadobebisa da wylis saerTo wliuri moTxovnilebisa da wyalgamanawilebel qselebSi misidanakargebis Sesaxeb.dinebis saerTo maCveneblebsa da wylis balansze mniSvnelovani odenobis wylis dinebisregulirebis, wylebis gadasrolisa da gadaxvevebis CaTvliT, zegavlenis Sefaseba da identifikacia.wylis obieqtebis mniSvnelovan moroflogiuri cvlalebadobaTa identifikacia.zedapiruli wylebis mdgomareobaze sxva mniSvnelovani anTropogenul zegalenebis Sefaseba daidentificireba.miwaTsargeblobis sqemebis Sefaseba, maT Soris ZiriTadi urbanuli, samrewvelo da sasoflosameurneo,da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, TevzWerisa da satyeo meurneobebis teritoriebis gansazRvra.1.5 zemoqmedebis Sefasebawevri qveynebi Sefaseben, Tu ramdenad mosalodnelia zedapiruli wylebis mdgomareobazezemoaRniSnuli zemoqmedebaTa arseboba.wevri qveynebis gamoiyeneben zemoaRniSnul Segrovebul an nebismier sxva Sesabamis informacias, maTSoris ekologiuri monitoringis monacemebs, raTa Seafason, Tu ramdenad SesaZlebelia, rom mdinarisauzis raionSi arsebuli zedapiruli wylebis obieqtTa xarisxsma ver upasuxos ekologiurixarisxis im moTxovnebs, romlebic gansazRvruli am obieqtebisaTvis me-4 muxlis Sesabamisad.SefasebisaTvis wevrma qveynebma SeiZleba gamoiyenon modelirebis meTodebi. ekologiur xarisxisamocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis qveS myofi obieqtebisaTvis, saWiroebisamebr, unda ganxorcieldesSemdgomi daxasiaTeba, rogorc me-8 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli monitoringis programebis, aseve, me-11muxliT gaTvaliswinebuliRonisZiebaTa programebis Semadgenlobis optimizaciis mizniT.1 evropis Tanamegobrobis oficialuri Jurnali L 135, 30.5.1991, gv. 40. bolo cvlilebebiT 98/15/ECdireqtivis Sesabamisad2 evropis Tanamegobrobis oficialuri Jurnali L 31, 5.2.1976, gv.1. direqtiva bolo cvlilebebiT 1994wlis SemoerTebis aqtis Sesabamisad3 evropis Tanamegobrobis oficialuri Jurnali L 281, 10.11.1979, gv. 47. bolo cvlilebebiT 91/692/ECdireqtivis Sesabamisad4 evropis Tanamegobrobis oficialuri Jurnali L 375, 31.12.1991, gv. 141


miwisqveSa wylebi2.1 winaswari daxasiaTebawevrma qveynebma unda uzrunvelyon yvela miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis winaswari daxasiaTeba, raTaSefasdes maTi gamoyenebis xarisxi da TiToeuli wylis obieqtisaTvis me-4 muxliT gansazRvrulimiznebis miuRwevlobis riskis albaToba.winaswari daxasiaTebisaTvis, wevr qveynebs SeuZliaT daajgufon miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebi. amanalizisaTvis SesaZlebelia gamoyenebuli iqnes hidrologiuri, geologiuri, niadagis da sxvamonacemebi, maT Soris, miwaTsargeblobis, gadayris, wylis amoRebis Sesaxeb, magram gansazRvruliunda iqnes:- miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebis ganlagebis adgilebi da sazRvrebi;- is datvirTvebi, romlebic SeiZleba ganxorcieldes miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebze, maT Soris:• dabinZurebis gafantuli (difuzuri) wyaroebi• dabinZurebis wertilovani wyaroebi• wylis amoReba• xelovnuri Sevseba- zedapiruli fenebis zogadi xasiaTi im wyalSemkrebSi, romlidanac xdeba miwisqveSa wylisobieqtis Sevseba;- miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebi, romlebsac gaaCniaT maTze uSualod damokidebuli zedapiruliwylebis ekosistemebi an miwiszeda ekosistemebi.2.2 Semdgomi daxasiaTebazemoaRniSnuli winaswari daxasiaTebis Semdeg, wevrma qveynebma unda uzrunvelyon riskis qveSmyofad identificirebuli miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebis an obieqtTa jgufebis Semdgomi daxasiaTeba,raTa moxdes amgvari riskis mniSvnelobis ufro zusti Sefaseba da nebismier im RinisZiebebisidentificireba, romlebic moTxovnili unda iqnes me-11 muxlis Sesabamisad. Sesabamisad, esdaxasaTeba moicavs informacias adamianis saqmianobis Sedegad gamowveuli zemoqmedebis Sesaxab,xolo, sadac es aucilebelia:- miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis geologiur daxasiaTebas, maT Soris, geologiuri struqturebisgavrcelebulobisa da tipebis daxasiaTebas;- miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis hidrogeologiur daxasiaTebas, maT Soris, hidrogamtarobis,forianobisa da hermetulobis daxasiaTebas;- wyalSesakreb zonaSi arsebuli im zedapiruli danaleqebisa da niadagis daxasiaTebas,romelTaganac xdeba miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis Sevseba, maT Soris, am danaleqebisa da niadagebissisqis, forianobis, hidrogamtarobisa da Semwovi Tvisebebis daxasiaTebas;- mocemuli miwisqveSa wylis obieqSi arsebuli miwisqveSa wylis stratifikaciul daxasiaTebas;- informacias asocirebuli zedapiruli sistemebis reestrze, maT Soris, im miwiszedaekosistemebsa da zedapiruli wylis obieqtebze, romlebTanac mocemuli miwiqveSa obieqtidinamiurad aris dakavSirebuli;- mimarTulebebisa da miwisqveSa wylis obieqtsa da masTan dakavSirebul zedapiruli wylisobieqtebs Soris wylebis gacvlis xarisxis Sefasebas;- informacias monacemTa sakmaris moculobaze, romelic saWiroa Sevsebis grZelvadiani saSualowliuri normis gamoTvlisaTvis;- miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri Semadgenlobis daxasiaTebas, maT Soris, adamianis saqmianobisSedegad gamowveul zemoqmedebaTa CamonaTvals. am miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis bunebrivifonuri doneebis gansazRvrisas, wevrma qveynebma SesaZlebelia gamoiyenon miwisqveSa wylebisdaxasiaTebis tipologiebi.2.3 . miwisqveSa wylebze adamianis saqmianobis Sedegad gamowveul zemoqmedebaTa mimoxilvamisiwveSa wylis im obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic kveTen ori an orze meti wevri qveynebis sazRvrebs, an,romlebic 2.1 paragrafis Sesabamisad Catarebuli pirveladi daxasiaTebis Sedegadidentificirebulebi arian TiToeuli wylis obieqtisaTvis me-4 muxliT gansazRvruli amocanebisSeusruleblobis riskis qveS myof wylis obieqtebad, saWiroebisda mixedviT, Segrovebuli daSenaxuli unda iqnes Semdegi saxis informacia:a) miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebSi im ubnebis adgilmdebareoba, romlebic gamoiyeneba wylisamoRebisaTvis, im SemTxvevebis garda:- rodesac, wylis amoRebis ubnebi uzrunvelyofen dReSi saSualod 10 m 3 –ze naklebi odenobiswylis amoRebas, an42


- rodesac, adamianebis mier moxmarebisaTvis gansazRvruli wylis amoRebis ubnebiuzrunvelyofen dReSi saSualod 10 m 3 –ze naklebi odenobis wylis smoRebas an wyliTuzrunvelyofen 50 adamianze naklebs;(b) am ubnebidan wylis amoRebis saSualo wliuri normebi;(g) miwisqveSa wylis obieqtidan amoRebuli wylis qimiuri Semadgenloba, da(d) miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebSi im ubnebis adgilmdebareoba, romlebSic uSualod xdeba wylisCadineba;(e) am ubnebSi wylalCadinebis moculoba;(v) misiwqveSa wylis obieqtSi Camdinare wylebis qimiuri Semadgenloba, da(z) miwaTsargebloba im wyalSesakrebSi an wyalSesakrebebSi, romlebidanac xdeba miwisqveSa wylisobieqtebis Sevseba, maT Soris, dabinZurebis wyaroebi da anTropogenuli zegavlenebi Sevsebis iseTmaxasiaTeblebze, rogorebicaa wvimis wyali da wylis Cadinebebi gruntis gamkvrivebis gamo,xelovnuri Sevseba, wyalCadinebis gadaketva an sadrenaJo sistema.2.4 miwisqveSa wylebis doneebSi cvlilebebiT gamowveuli zegavlenis mimoxilvawevri qveynebi, aseve, gansazRvraven im miwisqveSa wylebs, romelTaTvisac me-4 muxliT gansazRvruliunda iqnes ufro dabali miznebi, im SemTxvevebis CaTvliT, rodesac es gakeTdeba obieqtismdomareobiT gamowveul im zegavlenaTa gaTvaliswinebis safuZvelze, rogorebicaa zegavlenebi:(i)(ii)(iii)zedapirul wylebze da masTan dakavSirebul miwiszeda ekosistemebze;wylis xarjis regulirebaze, wyaldidobebisagan dacvasa da amosaSrob samuSaoebze;adamianis saqmianobis gafarToebaze.2.5 miwisqveSa wylebis xarisxze dabinZurebiT gamowveuli zegavlenis mimoxilvawevrma qveynebma unda gansazRvron miwisqveSa wylebis is obieqtebi, romelTaTvisac, me-4 (5) muxliTgansazRvruli unda iqnes ufro dabali miznebi im SemTxvevebisaTvis, rodesac adamianis saqmianobiTgamowveuli zemoqmedebis Sedegad, rogorc es gansazRvrulia me-5 (1) muxliT, miwisqveSa wylisobieqti imdenad dabinZurebulia, rom SeuZlebelia an araTanazomierad Zviria miRweuli iqnes misidamakmayofilebeli qimiuri mdgomareoba.____________43


danarTi IIIekonomikuri analiziekonomikuri analizi unda Seicavdes sakmarisad detalur informacias (aucilebeli monacemebisSegrovebasTan dakavSirebuli xarjebis CaTvliT), imisaTvis, rom:(a) Catardes wyalmomaragebasTan dakavSirebuli momsaxurebaze gaweuli xarjebis anazRaurebisprincipis realizaciisaTvis saWiro gaTvlebi, gaTvaliswinebul iqnas mdinaris auzis raionSi wyalzemoTxovnilebisa da misi miwodebis grZelvadiani prognozebi da, aucileblobis SemTxvevaSi, Catardes:• wyalmommaragebeli meurneobis samsaxurebis mier gaweuli momsaxurebismoculobis, fasebisa da xarjebis Sefaseba da• Sesabamisi investiciebis Sefaseba, am investiciebis prognozirebis CaTvliT(b) RonisZiebaTa SesaZlo Rirebulebis Sefasebis safuZvelze gakeTdes daskvna wyalsargeblobasTanmimarTebaSi maTi yvelaze rentabeluri SerCeva-Serwymis Taobaze me-11 muxlis SesabamisadRonisZiebaTa programaSi maT Sesatanad.________________44


danarTi IVdaculi teritoriebi1. daculi teritoriebis (zonebis) reestri, romelic aucilebelia me-6 muxlis moTxovnaTaSesabamisad, unda moicavdes daculi teritoriebis Semdeg saxeebs (tipebs):(I) Tanaxmad me-7 muxlisa teritoriebs, gankuTvnils wyalaRebisTvis mosaxleobiswyalmomaragebis mizniT;(II) teritoriebs, gankuTvnils ekonomikurad mniSvnelovani wylis saxeobebis dacvisaTvis;(III) dasvenebisaTvis gankuTvnil wylis obieqtebs, sabanao wylebis CaTvliT, Tanaxmad76/160/EEC direqtivis moTxovnebisa;(IV) mkvebavi nivTierebebis koncenraciebis mimarT mgrZnobiare teritoriebs, mowyvladizonebis CaTvliT Tanaxmad 91/676/EEC direqtivis moTxovnebisa da teritoriebs,gansazRvruls, rogorc mgrZnobiares 91/271/EEC direqtivis Sesabamisad;(V) wylis binadarTa saxeobebis an maTi sabinadro garemos dacvisTvis gankuTvnilteritoriebs, iq, sadac wylis xarisxobrivi mdgomareobis gaumjobeseba warmoadegensmaTi dacvis mniSvnelovan faqtors, programa Natura 2000 Sesabamisi zonebis CaTvliT,romlebic dadgenilia 92/43/EEC da 70/409/EEC direqtivebiT.2. reestris mimoxilviTi nawili, romelic warmoadgens mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis ganuyofelnawils, unda moicavdes TiToeuli Edaculi teritoriis adgilmdebareobis maCvenebel rukebs daevrogaerTianebis, erovnuli da/an adgilobrivi sakanonmdeblo aqtebis an debulebebis aRweras,romelTa safuZvelzec Camoyalibda es daculi teritoriebi (zonebi).___________45


danarTi V1. zedapiruli wylebis mdgomareoba1.1 ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikaciisaTvis xarisxis normativebi1.1.1 mdinareebi1.1.2 tbebi1.1.3 gardamavali wylebi1.1.4 sanapiro wylebi1.1.5 xelovnuri an Zlier saxeSecvlili zedapiruli wylis obiqtebi1.2 ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikaciisaTvis saWiro normativebi1.2.1 mdinareebSi wylis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli mdgomareobis dadgena1.2.2 tbebSi wylis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli mdgomareobis dadgena1.2.3 gardamavali wylebis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli mdgomareobis dadgena1.2.4 sanapiro wylebis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli mdgomareobis dadgena1.2.5 Zlier saxeSecvili an xelovnuri wylis obieqtebis maqsimaluri, kargi da saSualoekologiuri potencialis dadgena1.2.6 evrogaerTianebis wevri saxelmwifoebis mier qimiuri xarisxis standartebis SemoRebisprocedura1.3 zedapiruli wylebis ekologiuri da qimiuri mdgomareobis monitoringi1.3.1 dakvirvebiTi monitoringis struqtuta1.3.2 operatiuli monitoringis struqtura1.3.3 gamoZiebiTi monitoringis struqtura1.3.4 monitoringis sixSire1.3.5 damatebiTi moTxovnebi daculi teritoriebis monitoringis mimarT1.3.6 wylis xarisxis monitoringis elementebis standartebi1.4 ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikacia da informaciis warmodgena1.4.1 biologiuri monitoringis monacemTa SeTavsebadoba1.4.2 monitoringis Sedegebis warmodgena da ekologiuri mdgomareobisa da ekologiuri potencialisdaxasiaTeba1.4.3 monitoringis Sedegebis warmodgena da qimiuri mdgomareobis daxasiaTeba46


2. miwisqveSa wylebi2.1 miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivi mdgomareoba2.1.1 raodenobrivi mdgomareobis daxasiaTebisTvis saWiro parametrebi2.1.2 raodenobrivi mdgomareobis dadgena2.2 miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivi mdgomareoba2.2.1 miwisqveSa wylebis doneebze dakvirvebis qseli2.2.2 monitoringis punqtebis ganlagebis sixSire2.2.3 monitoringis sixSire2.2.4 miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivi mdgomareobis interpretacia da prezentacia2.3 miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareoba2.3.1 miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareobis dadgenisaTvis saWiro paramentrebi2.3.2 miwisqveSa wylebis kargi qimiuri mdgomareobis dadgena2.4 miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareobis monitoringi2.4.1 miwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobaze dakvirvebis qseli2.4.2 dakvirvebiTi monitoringi2.4.3 operatiuli monitoringi2.4.4 dambinZurebel nivTierebebTan dakavSirebuli tendenciebis dadgena2.4.5 miwisqveSa wylebis qimiur mdgomareobaze informaciis interpretacia da prezentacia2.5 miwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobaze informaciis warmodgena1. zedapiruli wylebis mdgomareoba1.1 ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikaciisaTvis saWiro maxasiaTeblebi1.1.1 mdinareebibiologiuri maCveneblebiwylis floris Semadgenloba da simravleuxerxemloTa faunis Semadgenloba da simravleTevzis faunis samravle da asakobrivi struqturabiologiuri daxasiaTebis hidromorfologiuri maCveneblebihidrologiuri reJimiwylis xarjis odenoba da dinamikakavSiri miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebTanmdinaris uwyvetobamorfologiuri pirobebimdinaris siRrmisa da siganis cvalebadobamdinaris kalapotis mimdebare Sreebis struqturasanapiro zonis struqtura47


iologiuri daxasiaTebis fizikur-qimiuri maCveneblebizogaditemperaturuli pirobebigajereba JangbadiTmarilianobaJangvis unarimkvebav nivTierebaTa koncentraciaspecifiuri dambinZurebeli nivTierebebidabinZureba im prioritetuli nivTirebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSi1.1.2 tbebidabinZureba im nivTierebebiT, romelTa maRali koncentracia aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSixarisxis biologiuri maCveneblebifitoplanqtonis Semadgenloba, simravle da biomasawylis sxva floris Semadgenloba da simravlefskeris uxerxemloTa faunis Semadgenloba da simravleTevzis faunis Semadgenloba, simravle da asakobrivi struqturabiologiuri daxasiaTebis hidromorfologiuri maCveneblebihidrologiuri reJimi:wylis xarjis odenoba da dinamikaobieqtis arsebobis periodikavSiri miwisqveSa wylis obieqtTanmorfologiuri pirobebi:tbis siRrmis cvalebadobatbis fskeris qvemdebare fenebis raodenoba da struqturasanapiro struqturabiologiuri sistemis mdgomareobis qimiuri da fizikur-qimiuri maCveneblebizogadigamWvirvalobatemperaturuli pirobebiJangbadiT gajerebamarilianobadaJangvis unarimkvebavi nivTierebebis koncentraciaspecifiuri dambinZurebeli nivTierebebidabinZureba yvela prioritetuli nivTierebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSidabinZureba yvela sxva nivTierebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSi mniSvnelovaniraodenobiT1.1.3 gardamavali wylebixarisxis biologiuri maCveneblebifitoplanqtonis Semadgenloba, simravle da biomasawylis sxva floris Semadgenloba da simravlefskeris uxerxemloTa faunis Semadgenloba da simravleTevzis faunis Semadgenloba, simravle da asakobrivi struqturabiologiuri daxasiaTebis hidromorfologiuri maCveneblebi48


morfologiuri pirobebi:siRrmis cvalebadobatbis fskeris qvemdebare fenebis raodenoba da struqturamoqcevis zonis struqturamoqcevis reJimimtknari wylis xarjiRelvisadmi midrekilebabiologiuri mdgomareobis daxasiaTebis qimiuri da fizikur-qimiuri maCveneblebizogadigamWvirvalobatemperaturuli pirobebiJangbadiT gajerebamarilianobadaJangvis unarimkvebavi nivTierebebis koncentraciaspecifiuri dambinZurebeli nivTierebebidabinZureba yvela prioritetuli nivTierebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSidabinZureba yvela sxva nivTierebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSi mniSvnelovaniraodenobiT1.1.4. sanapiro wylebibiologiuri maCveneblebifitoplanqtonis Semadgenloba, simravle da biomasawylis sxva floris Semadgenloba da simravlefskeris uxerxemloTa faunis Semadgenloba da simravlebiologiuri daxasiaTebis hidromorfologiuri maCveneblebimorfologiuri pirobebi:siRrmis cvalebadobatbis fskeris qvemdebare fenebis raodenoba da struqturamoqcevis zonis struqturamoqcevis reJimimTavari dinebebis mimarTulebaRelvisadmi midrekilebabiologiuri mdgomareobis daxasiaTebis qimiuri da fizikur-qimiuri maCveneblebizogadigamWvirvalobatemperaturuli pirobebiJangbadiT gajerebamarilianobadaJangvis unarimkvebavi nivTierebebis koncentraciaspecifiuri dambinZurebeli nivTierebebidabinZureba yvela prioritetuli nivTierebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSidabinZureba yvela sxva nivTierebebiT, romlebic aRmoCenilia wylis obieqtSi mniSvnelovaniraodenobiT1.1.5 xelovnuri da Zlier saxeSecvlili zedapiruli wylis obieqtebi49


xelovnuri da Zlier saxeSecvlili zedapiruli wylis obieqtebisaTvis gamoyenebuli unda iqnes igivexarisxis elementebi, romlebic gamoyenebulia bunebrivi wylis obieqtebis zemoaRniSnul im oTxkategoriaTagan erT-erTisaTvis, romelsac yvelaze meti msgavseba eqneba konkretul ZliersaxeSecvlil an xelovnur zedapiruli wylis obieqtTan.1.1.5 xelovnuri da Zlier saxeSecvlili zedapiruli wylis obieqtebixelovnuri da Zlier saxeSecvlili zedapiruli wylis obieqtebisaTvis gamoyenebuli unda iqnes igivexarisxis elementebi, romlebic gamoyenebulia bunebrivi wylis obieqtebis zemoaRniSnul im oTxkategoriaTagan erT-erTisaTvis, romelsac yvelaze meti msgavseba eqneba konkretul ZliersaxeSecvlil an xelovnur zedapiruli wylis obieqtTan.50


1.2. ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikaciisaTvis saWiro normativebicxrili 1.2.zogadi gansazRvreba mdinareebis, tbebis, gardamavali da sanapiro wylebisaTvisqvemoT mocemulia ekologiuri xarisxis zogadi gansazRvreba. TiToeuli zedapiruli wylis kategoriisaTvis ekologiuri mdgomareobis xarisxiselementebis mniSvnelobaTa klasifikacia mocemulia qvemoT cxrilebSi 1.2.1 и 1.2.4.elementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxizogadi ar fiqsirdeba an fiqsirdeba mxolodmcire anTropogenuli cvlilebebimocemuli tipis zedapiruli wylisobieqtis xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri dahidromorfologiuri elementebismniSvnelobebSi, im mniSvnelobebTanSedarebiT, romlebic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba wylis obieqtis mocemultipTan masze raime saxis zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebSi.zedapiruli wylebis obieqtis xarisxisbiologiuri elementebis mniSvnelobebiSeesabameba im mniSvnelobebs, romlebic,Cveulebriv, asocirdeba mocemulitipis wylis obieqtTan maszeraime saxis zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebSi, da ar aris anmxolod umniSvnelod aris damaxinjebuli.mocemuli tipis zedapiruli wylisobieqtis xarisxis biologiurielementebis mniSvnelobebi umniSvnelodaris damaxinjebuli, rac gamowveuliaadamianis saqmianobiT damxolod umniSvnelod gansxvavdeba immniSvnelobebisagan,romlebic,Cveulebriv, asocirdeba wylis obieqtismocemul tipTan masze raime saxiszemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebSi.mocemuli tipis zedapiruli wylis obieqtisxarisxis biologiuri elementebismniSvnelobebi zomierad gansxvavdeba immniSvnelobebisagan, romlebic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba wylis obieqtis mocemul tipTanmasze raime saxis zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebSi. es mniSvnelobebi zomieradarian damaxinjebuli, rac gamowveuliaadamianis saqmianobiT da mniSvnelovnad arianSecvlili im mniSvnelobebTan SedarebiT,romlebic fiqsirdeba kargi mdobareobispirobebSi.isini warmoadgenen tipospecifikurpirobebsa da gaerTianebebs.wylebi, romlebsac gaaCniaT saSualoze dabali xarisxi, klasificirebuli unda iqnes dabali an cudi xarisxis wylebad.is wylebi, romlebic avlenen mniSvnelovan cvilebebs zedapiruli wylis obieqtis xarisxis biologiuri elementebis mniSvnelobebTanmimarTebaSi da, romlebSic Sesabamisi biologouri gaerTianebebi mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba maTgan, romlebic Cveulebric asocirdeba mocemulitipis zedapiruli wylis obieqtTan masze raime saxis zemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebSi, klasificirebuli unda iqnes, rogorc dabalixarisxis wylebi.is wylebi, romlebic avlenen kritikul cvilebebs zedapiruli wylis obieqtis xarisxis biologiuri elementebis mniSvnelobebTan mimarTebaSida, romlebSic ar arseboben im Sesabamisi biologiuri gaerTianebebis mniSvnelovani nawilebi, romlebic Cveulebriv asocirdeba mocemuli tipis51


zedapiruli wylis obieqtTan masze raime saxis zemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebSi, klasificirebuli unda iqnes, rogorc cudi xarisxiswylebi.52


1.2.1. mdinareebSi wylis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli ekologiuri mdgomareobis dadgenaxarisxis biologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxifitoplanqtonifitoplanqtonis taqsonomiuriSemadgnloba srulad an TiTqmissrulad Seesabameba zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebs.fitoplanqtonis saSualogavrcelebuloba sruladSeesabameba tipospecifikurfizikur-qimiur pirobebs da arSeuZlia mniSvnelovani zegavlenaiqonios gamWvirvalobistipospecifikur pirobebze.planqtonuri yvavilobis sixSireda intensiuroba Seesabamebatipospecifikur fizikur-qimiurpirobebs.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi fiqsirdeba planqtonuritaqsonebis Semadgenlobasa da gavrcelebulobaSitipospecifikur gaerTianebebTan SedarebiT.amgvari cvlilebebi ar mianiSneben wyalmcenareTadaCqarebul zrdaze, rac iwvevs wylis obieqtSiarsebuli organizmebis balansis an wylis annaleqis fizikur-qimiuri xarisxis arasasurveldarRvevas.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes pitospecifikuriplaqtonuri yvevilobis sixSirisa daintensiurobis umniSvnelo zrda.plaqtonuri taqsonebis Semadgenlobazomierad gansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan.zomierad aris darRveuligavrcelebulobis xarisxi, ramacSeiZleba gamoiwvios mniSvnelovaniarasasrurveli darRvevebi xarisxissxva biologiur da fizikur-qimiurelementTa mniSvnelobebSi.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes plaqtonuriyvavilobebis sixSirisa daintensiurobis zomieri zrda.zafxulis TvebSi SeiZleba aRiniSnosintensiuri yvavilobebi.makrofitebi dafitobentositaqsonomiuri Semadgnloba sruladan TiTqmis srulad Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.ar vlindeba sagrZnobi cvlilebebimakrofitebisa da fitobentosissaSualo gavrcelebulobis doneSi.umniSvnelo cvlilebebia makrofituli dafitobenturi taqsonebis Semadgenlobasa dagavrcelebulobaSi tipospecifikurgaerTianebebTan SedarebiT. amgvari cvlilebebi armianiSneben fitobentosis an mcenareTa sicocxlisufro maRali formis daCqarebul zrdaze, raciwvevs wylis obieqtSi arsebuli organizmebisbalansis an wylis an naleqis fizikur-qimiurixarisxis arasasurvel darRvevas.fitobenturi gaerTianeba ar ganicdis imbaqteriuli jgufebisa da garsebis mavnezemoqmedebas, romelTa arsebobac arisantropogenuli aqtivobis Sedegi.makrofituli da fitobentulitaqsonebis Semadgenloba zomieradgansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan da gacilebiTdamaxinjebulia, vidre kargi xarisxisSemTxvvaSi.aRiniSneba zomieri cvlilebebimakrofitebisa da fitobentosisgavrcelebulobis saSualo doneSi.baqteriulma jgufebma da garsebma,romelTa arsebobac ganpirobebuliaanTropogenuli aqtivobiT, SeiZlebaziani miayenon, xolo zogierTadgilebSi Caenacvlon fitobenturgaerTianebas.benturiuxerxemloebitaqsonomiuri Semadgnloba dagavrcelebuloba srulad anTiTqmis srulad Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.fiqsirdeba umniSvnelo cvlilebebi uxerxemlotaqsonebis Semadgenlobasa da gavrcelebulobaSitipospecifikur gaerTianebebTan SedarebiT.uxerxemlo taqsonebis Semadgenlobada gavrcelebuloba zomieradgansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan.53


zegavlenaze mgrZnobiare daaramgrZnobiare taqsonebs SorisTanafardoba ar avlenscvlilebaTa niSnebs zegavlenisararsebobis pirobebSi arsebuldoneebTan SedarebiT.uxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebis done argansxvavdeba zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebSi arsebulidoneebisagan.zegavlenaze mgrZnobiare da aramgrZnobiaretaqsonebs Soris Tanafardoba avlens umniSvnelocvlilebebs tipospecifikur doneebTan SedarebiT.uxerxemloTa saxeobrivi mravalferovnebis doneavlens umniSvnelo cvlilebebis niSnebstipospecifikur doneebTan SedarebiT.warmodgenili ar aristipospecifikuri gaerTianebisZiriTadi taqsonomiuri jgufebi.zegavlenaze mgrZnobiare daaramgrZnobiare taqsonebs SorisTanafardoba, aseve, saxeobrivimravalferovnebis done, arsebiTaddabalia tipospecifikur donesTanSedarebiT da mniSvnelovnad dabaliakargi xarisxis pirobebSi arsebulTanafardobasTan SedarebiT.Tevzebisaxeobrivi Semadgenloba dagavrcelebuloba srulad anTiTqmis srulad Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.warmodgenili aris yvelatipospecifikuri da zemoqmedebazereagirebadi jiSebi.Tevzebis gaerTianebebis asakobrivistruqturebi avlenenanTropogenuli zemoqmedebis mcireniSnebs da ar mianiSnebendarRvevebze romelime calkeulisaxeobis reproduqciulobasa TuganviTarebaSi.fiqsirdeba umniSvnelo cvlilebebi saxeobebisSemadgenlobasa da gavrcelebulobaSitipospecifikur gaerTianebebTan SedarebiT, racdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikur-qimiur dahidromorfologiur elementebze anTropogenurzegavlenebTan.Tevzebis gaerTianebebis asakobriv struqturebiavlenen zemoqmedebis niSnebs, romelicdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri dahidromorfologiuri elementebze anTropogenurzegavlenebTan, da, zogierT SemTxvevaSi,mianiSneben darRvevebze romelime calkeulisaxeobebis reproduqciulobasa Tu ganviTarebaSi,zogierTi asakobrivi jgufis gaqrobis CaTvliT.Tevzebis saxeobebis Semadgenloba dagavrcelebuloba zomieradgansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan, racdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikurqimiurida hidromorfologiurielementebze anTropogenurzegavlenebTan.Tevzebis gaerTianebebis asakobrivistruqtura avlens mniSvnelovanianTropogenuli zemoqmedebis niSnebs,tipospecifikuri saxeobebis zomierinawilis ararsebobis an Zalian dabaligavrcelebulobis CaTvliT.54


xarisxis hidromorfologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxihidrologiurirejimidinebis raodenobrivi maxasiaTeblebi,dinamika da Sedegad miRebuli kavSirigruntis wylebTan, srulad an TiTqmissrulad asaxavs zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.mdinarisuwyvetobamdinaris uwyvetoba ar irRvevaanTropogenuli zemoqmedebis Sedegad daSesaZlebels xdis wlis organizmebisTavisufal migracias da naleqisgadatanas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.morfologiurimdgomareobaarxis konfiguracia, siganisa da siRrmiscvalebadoba, dinebis siCqareebi,substratis mdomareoba, aseve, sanapirozonebis struqtura da mdgomareobasrulad an TiTqmis srulad SeesabamebazegavlenaTa ararsebobis pirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.55


xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri elementebi ( 1 )elementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxizogadipirobebifizikur-qimiuri elementebis mniSvnelobebisrulad an TiTqmis srulad SeesabamebazemoqmedebaTa ararsebobis pirobebs.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentracia rCeba imdiapazonis farglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.marilianobis xarisxi, рН done, Jangbadisbalansi, mJavaTa ganeitralebis unari datemperatura ar avlens anTropogenulizegavlenis niSnebs da rCeba im diapazonisfarglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.tempertura, Jangbadis balansi, рН, mJavaTaganeitralebis unari da marilianobis xarisxi arscildebian dadgenili diapazonis farglebs, racuzrunvelyofs tipospecifikuri ekosistemisfunqcionirebas da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentraciebi ar aRematebaim doneebs, romlebic dadgeniliatipospecifikuri ekosistemis funqcionirebisuzrunvelsayofad da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismisaRwevad.pirobebi, romlebicSeesabameba xarisxisbiologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvrulimniSvnelobebis miRwevas.calkeulisinTetikuridamabinZureblebikoncentraciebi axlos aris nulovanmaCveneblebTan an, yvelaze Tanamedrove dafarTod danergili analizis meTodebisgamoyenebiT gamovlenis sazRvrebs qvemoTmainc .koncentraciebi, romlebic ar aRematebaparagrafSi 1.2.6 ( 2 ) aRwerili procedurisSesabamisad dadgenil standartebs, 91/414/ЕС da98/8/ЕС (


1.2.2. mdinareebSi wylis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli ekologiuri mdgomareobis dadgenaxarisxis biologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxifitoplanqtonifitoplanqtonis taqsonomiuriSemadgnloba da gavrcelebulobasrulad an TiTqmis sruladSeesabameba zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebs.fitoplanqtonis saSualo biomasasrulad Seesabameba tipospecifikurfizikur-qimiur pirobebs da arSeuZlia mniSvnelovani zegavlenaiqonios gamWvirvalobistipospecifikur pirobebze.planqtonuri yvavilobis sixSire daintensiuroba Seesabamebatipospecifikuri fizikur-qimiurpirobebs.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi fiqsirdebaplanqtonuri taqsonebis Semadgenlobasa dagavrcelebulobaSi tipospecifikurgaerTianebebTan SedarebiT. amgvari cvlilebebiar mianiSneben wyalmcenareTa daCqarebulzrdaze, rac iwvevs wylis obieqtSi arsebuliorganizmebis balansis an wylis an naleqisfizikur-qimiuri xarisxis arasasurveldarRvevas.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes saxeobrivi plaqtonuriyvevilobis sixSirisa da intensiurobisumniSvnelo zrda.plaqtonuri taqsonebis Semadgenlobada gavrcelebuloba zomieradgansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan.zomierad aris darRveuli biomasa,ramac SeiZleba gamoiwviosmniSvnelovani arasasrurvelidarRvevebi sxva xarisxis biologiurielementebis mdgomareobisa da wylisan naleqis fizikur-qimiur xarisxisTvalsazrisiT.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes plaqtonuriyvavilobebis sixSirisa daintensiurobis zomieri zrda.zafxulis TvebSi SeiZleba aRiniSnosintensiuri yvavilobebi.makrofitebi dafitobentositaqsonomiuri Semadgnloba sruladan TiTqmis srulad Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.ar vlindeba sagrZnobi cvlilebebimakrofitebisa da fitobentosissaSualo gavrcelebulobis doneSiumniSvnelo cvlilebebia makrofituli dafitobenturi taqsonebis Semadgenlobasa dagavrcelebulobaSi tipospecifikurgaerTianebebTan SedarebiT. amgvari cvlilebebiar mianiSneben fitobentosis an mcenareTasicocxlis ufro maRali formis daCqarebulzrdaze, rac iwvevs wylis obieqtSi arsebuliorganizmebis balansis an wylis fizikurqimiurixarisxis arasasurvel darRvevas.fitobenturi gaerTianeba ar ganicdis imbaqteriuli jgufebisa da garsebis mavnezemoqmedebas, romelTa arsebobac arisantropogenuli aqtivobis Sedegi.makrofituli da fitobentulitaqsonebis Semadgenloba zomieradgansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan da gacilebiTdamaxinjebulia, vidre kargi xarisxisSemTxvvaSi.aRiniSneba zomieri cvlilebebimakrofitebisa da fitobentosisgavrcelebulobis saSualo doneSi.baqteriulma jgufebma da garsebma,romelTa arsebobac ganpirobebuliaanTropogenuli aqtivobiT, SeiZlebaziani miayenon, xolo zogierTadgilebSi Caenacvlon fitobenturgaerTianebas.benturitaqsonomiuri Semadgnloba dagavrcelebuloba srulad an TiTqmisfiqsirdeba umniSvnelo cvlilebebi uxerxemlotaqsonebis Semadgenlobasa dauxerxemlo taqsonebis Semadgenlobada gavrcelebuloba zomierad57


uxerxemloebisrulad Seesabameba zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebs.gavrcelebulobaSi tipospecifikurgaerTianebebTan SedarebiT.gansxvavdeba tipospecifikuripirobebisagan.warmodgenili ar aristipospecifikuri gaerTianebisZiriTadi taqsonomiuri jgufebi.zegavlenaze mgrZnobiare daaramgrZnobiare taqsonebs SorisTanafardoba, aseve, saxeobrivimravalferovnebis done, arsebiTaddabalia tipospecifikur donesTanSedarebiT da mniSvnelovnad dabaliakargi xarisxis pirobebSi arsebulTanafardobasTan SedarebiT.zegavlenaze mgrZnobiare daaramgrZnobiare taqsonebs SorisTanafardoba ar avlens cvlilebaTaniSnebs zegavlenis ararsebobispirobebSi arsebul doneebTanSedarebiT.uxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebis done argansxvavdeba zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebSi arsebulidoneebisagan.zegavlenaze mgrZnobiare da aramgrZnobiaretaqsonebs Soris Tanafardoba avlensumniSvnelo cvlilebebis niSnebstipospecifikur doneebTan SedarebiT.uxerxemloTa saxeobrivi mravalferovnebis doneavlens umniSvnelo cvlilebebis niSnebstipospecifikur doneebTan SedarebiT.Tevzebisaxeobrivi Semadgenloba dagavrcelebuloba srulad an TiTqmissrulad Seesabameba zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebs.warmodgenili aris yvelatipospecifikuri da zemoqmedebazereagirebadi jiSebi.Tevzebis gaerTianebebis asakobrivistruqturebi avlenenanTropogenuli zemoqmedebis mcireniSnebs da ar mianiSnebendarRvevebze romelime calkeulisaxeobis reproduqciulobasa TuganviTarebaSi.fiqsirdeba umniSvnelo cvlilebebi saxeobebisSemadgenlobasa da gavrcelebulobaSitipospecifikur gaerTianebebTan SedarebiT, racdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikur-qimiur dahidromorfologiur elementebze anTropogenurzegavlenebTan.Tevzebis gaerTianebebis asakobriv struqturebiavlenen zemoqmedebis niSnebs, romlebicdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikur-qimiur dahidromorfologiur elementebze anTropogenurzegavlenebTan, da, zogierT SemTxvevaSi,mianiSneben darRvevebze romelime calkeulisaxeobebis reproduqciulobasa TuganviTarebaSi, zogierTi asakobrivi jgufisgaqrobis CaTvliT.Tevzebis saxeobebis Semadgenloba dagavrcelebuloba zomieradgansxvavdeba tipospecifikurigaerTianebebisagan, racdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikurqimiurda hidromorfologiurelementebze anTropogenurzegavlenebTan.Tevzebis gaerTianebebis asakobrivistruqtura avlens mniSvnelovanizemoqmedebis niSnebs, racdakavSirebulia xarisxis fizikurqimiurda hidromorfologiurelementebze imgvar anTropogenulzegavlenebTan, romlebic ganapirobebstipospecifikuri saxeobebis zomierinawilis ararsebobas angavrcelebulobis Zalian dabal dones.58


xarisxis hidromorfologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxihidrologiurirejimidinebis raodenobrivi maxasiaTeblebi,dinamika, done, wylis damuSavebisxangrZlivoba da Sedegad miRebulikavSiri gruntis wylebTan, srulad anTiTqmis srulad asaxavs zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.morfologiurimdgomareobatbis siRrmis cvalebadoba, substratisraodenoba, struqtura da tbis sanapirozonis struqtura da mdgomareobasrulad an TiTqmis srulad SeesabamebazegavlenaTa ararsebobis pirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.59


xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri elementebi ( 1 )elementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxizogadipirobebifizikur-qimiuri elementebis mniSvnelobebisrulad an TiTqmis srulad SeesabamebazemoqmedebaTa ararsebobis pirobebs.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentracia rCeba imdiapazonis farglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.marilianobis xarisxi, рН done, Jangbadisbalansi, mJavaTa ganeitralebis unari,gamWvirvaloba da temperatura ar avlensanTropogenuli zegavlenis niSnebs da rCebaim diapazonis farglebSi, romelic,Cveulebriv, asocirdeba, zegavlenaTaararsebobis pirobebTan.tempertura, Jangbadis balansi, рН, mJavaTaganeitralebis unari, gamWvirvaloba damarilianobis xarisxi ar scildebian dadgenilidiapazonis farglebs, rac uzrunvelyofstipospecifikuri ekosistemis funqcionirebas daxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebis miRwevas.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentraciebi ar aRematebaim doneebs, romlebic dadgeniliatipospecifikuri ekosistemis funqcionirebisuzrunvelsayofad da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismisaRwevad.pirobebi, romlebicSeesabameba xarisxisbiologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvrulimniSvnelobebis miRwevas.calkeulisinTetikuridamabinZureblebikoncentraciebi axlos aris nulovanmaCveneblebTan an, yvelaze Tanamedrove dafarTod danergili analizis meTodebisgamoyenebiT gamovlenis sazRvrebs qvemoTmainc.koncentraciebi, romlebic ar aRematebaparagrafSi 1.2.6 ( 2 ) aRwerili procedurisSesabamisad dadgenil standartebs, 91/414/ЕС da98/8/ЕС (


1.2.3. gardamavali wylebis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli ekologiuri mdgomareobis dadgenaxarisxis biologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxifitoplanqtonifitoplanqtonis taqsonomiuriSemadgnloba da gavrcelebulobasrulad an TiTqmis sruladSeesabameba zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebs.fitoplanqtonis saSualo biomasasrulad Seesabameba tipospecifikurfizikur-qimiur pirobebs da arSeuZlia mniSvnelovani zegavlenaiqonios gamWvirvalobistipospecifikur pirobebze.planqtonuri yvavilobis sixSire daintensiuroba Seesabamebatipospecifikuri fizikur-qimiurpirobebs.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi fiqsirdebafitoplanqtonuri taqsonebis Semadgenlobasa dagavrcelebulobaSi.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi fiqsirdeba biomasaSitipospecifikur pirobebTan SedarebiT. amgvaricvlilebebi ar mianiSneben wyalmcenareTadaCqarebul zrdaze, rac iwvevs wylis obieqtSiarsebuli organizmebis balansis an wylis annaleqis fizikur-qimiuri xarisxis arasasurveldarRvevas.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes saxeobrivi plaqtonuriyvevilobis sixSirisa da intensiurobisumniSvnelo zrda.fitoplanqtonuri taqsonebisSemadgenloba da gavrcelebulobazomierad gansxvavdeba tipospecifikuripirobebisgan.zomierad aris darRveuli biomasa,ramac SeiZleba gamoiwviosmniSvnelovani arasasrurvelidarRvevebi xarisxis sxva biologiurielementebis mdgomareobisTvalsazrisiT.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes plaqtonuriyvavilobebis sixSirisa daintensiurobis zomieri zrda.zafxulis TvebSi SeiZleba aRiniSnosintensiuri yvavilobebi.didiwyalmcenareebididi wyalmcenareebis taqsonebisSemadgenloba Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.didi wyalmcenareebis safarSi arSeiniSneba sagrZnobi cvlilebebi,romlebic gamowveuliaanTropogenuli saqmianobis SedegadumniSvnelo cvlilebebia didi wyalmcenareebisSemadgenlobasa da gavrcelebulobaSitipospecifikur gaerTianebebTan SedarebiT.amgvari cvlilebebi ar mianiSnebenfitobentosis an mcenareTa sicocxlis ufromaRali formis daCqarebul zrdaze, rac iwvevswylis obieqtSi arsebuli organizmebisbalansis an wylis fizikur-qimiuri xarisxisarasasurvel darRvevas.didi wyalmcenareebis taqsonebisSemadgenloba zomierad gansxvavdebatipospecifikuri gaerTianebebisagan dagacilebiT damaxinjebulia, vidrekargi xarisxis SemTxvevaSi.didi wyalmcenareebisgavrcelebulobis saSualo doneSesaZlebelia zomierad Seicvalos,ise, rom gamoiwvios arasasurvelizemoqmedeba wylis obieqtSi arsebulorganizmTa balansze.dafarulTeslianimcenareebitaqsonomiuri Semadgnloba sruladan TiTqmis srulad Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.dafarulTesliani mcenareebisgavrcelebulobaSi ar SeiniSnebaumniSvnelo cvlilebebia dafarulTeslianimcenareebis taqsonebis SemadgenlobaSitipospecifikur gaerTianebebTan SedarebiT.didi wyalmcenareebis taqsonebisSemadgenloba zomierad gansxvavdebatipospecifikuri gaerTianebebisagan dagacilebiT damaxinjebulia, vidrekargi xarisxis SemTxvevaSi.61


anTropogenuli saqmianobis Sedegadgamowveuli SesamCnevi cvlilebebi.dafarulTesliani mcenareebis gavrcelebulobaavlens umniSvnelo zemoqmedebis niSnebs.fiqsirdeba zomieri cvlilebebi(damaxinjebebi) didi wyalmcenareebistaqsonebis gavrcelebulobaSi.benturiuxerxemloebiuxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebisa dagavrcelebulobis done moqceuliafarglebSi, romlebic asocirdebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebTan.warmodgenili aris zegavlenazemgrZnobiare yvela taqsoni, romlebicasocirdebin zegavlebis ararsebobispirobebTan.uxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebisa da gavrcelebulobis doneumniSvnelod scildeba farglebs, romlebicasocirdeba tipospecifikur pirobebTan.warmodgenilni arian tipospecifikurigaerTianebebis da zemoqmedebaze mgrZnobiaretaqsonebis umravlesoba.uxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebisa dagavrcelebulobis done zomieradscildeba im farglebs, romlebicasocirdeba tipospecifikurpirobebTan.ar aris warmodgenili zemoqmedebazemgrZnobiare bevri taqsoni, romlebicmiekuTvnebian tipospecifikurgaerTianebebs.Tevzebisaxeobrivi Semadgenloba dagavrcelebuloba sruladSeesabameba zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebs.zemoqmedebaze mgrZnobiare saxeobaTagavrcelebuloba avlens damaxinjebisumniSvnelo niSnebs tipospecifikur pirobebTanSedarebiT, rac dakavSirebulia xarisxisfizikur-qimiur an hidromorfologiurelementebze anTropogenul zegavlenebTan.tipospecifikuri da zemoqmedebazemgrZnobiare saxeobaTa zomieri nawiliar aris warmodgenili, xarisxisfizikur-qimiur an hidromorfologiurelementebze anTropogenulzegavlenebis gamo.62


xarisxis hidromorfologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisximimoqcevis reJimimtknari wylebis dinebis reJimi srulad anTiTqmis srulad Seesabameba zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.morfologiuripirobebitbis siRrmis cvalebadoba, substratismdgomareoba da mimoqcevis zonebisstruqtura da mdgomareoba srulad anTiTqmis srulad Seesabameba zegavlenaTaararsebobis pirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.63


xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri elementebi ( 1 )elementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxizogadipirobebifizikur-qimiuri elementebi srulad anTiTqmis srulad Seesabameba zemoqmedebaTaararsebobis pirobebs.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentracia rCeba imdiapazonis farglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.temperatura, Jangbadis balansi dagamWvirvaloba ar avlens anTropogenulizegavlenis niSnebs da rCeba im diapazonisfarglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.tempertura, JangbadiT gajerebis pirobebi dagamWvirvaloba ar scildeba dadgenili diapazonisfarglebs, rac uzrunvelyofs ekosistemisfunqcionirebas da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentraciebi ar aRematebaim doneebs, romlebic dadgeniliatipospecifikuri ekosistemis funqcionirebisuzrunvelsayofad da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismisaRwevad.pirobebi, romlebicSeesabameba xarisxisbiologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvrulimniSvnelobebis miRwevas.calkeulisinTetikuridamabinZureblebikoncentraciebi axlos aris nulovanmaCveneblebTan an, yvelaze Tanamedrove dafarTod danergili analizis meTodebisgamoyenebiT gamovlenis sazRvrebs qvemoTmainc.koncentraciebi, romlebic ar aRematebaparagrafSi 1.2.6 ( 2 ) aRwerili procedurisSesabamisad dadgenil standartebs, 91/414/ЕС da98/8/ЕС (


1.2.4. sanapiro wylebis saukeTeso, kargi da damakmayofilebeli ekologiuri mdgomareobis dadgenaxarisxis biologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxifitoplanqtonifitoplanqtonuri taqsonebisSemadgnloba da gavrcelebulobaSeesabameba zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebs.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi fiqsirdebafitoplanqtonuri taqsonebis Semadgenlobasa dagavrcelebulobaSi.fitoplanqtonuri taqsonebisSemadgenloba da gavrcelebulobaavlens zomieri zemoqmedebis niSnebs.fitoplanqtonis saSualo biomasaSeesabameba tipospecifikur fizikurqimiurpirobebs da ar SeuZliamniSvnelovani zegavlena iqoniosgamWvirvalobis tipospecifikurpirobebze.planqtonuri yvavilobis sixSire daintensiuroba Seesabamebatipospecifikuri fizikur-qimiurpirobebs.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi fiqsirdeba biomasaSitipospecifikur pirobebTan SedarebiT. amgvaricvlilebebi ar mianiSneben wyalmcenareTadaCqarebul zrdaze, rac iwvevs wylis obieqtSiarsebuli organizmebis balansis an wylis annaleqis fizikur-qimiuri xarisxis arasasurveldarRvevas.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes saxeobrivi plaqtonuriyvevilobis sixSirisa da intensiurobisumniSvnelo zrda.wyalmcenareTa biomasa mniSvnelovnadscildeba tipospecifikuri pirobebTanasocirebul farglebs ise, romSeiZleba gavlena moaxdinos xarisxissxva biologiur elementebze.SeiZleba dafiqsirdes plaqtonuriyvavilobebis sixSirisa daintensiurobis zomieri zrda.zafxulis TvebSi SeiZleba aRiniSnosintensiuri yvavilobebi.didi wyalmcenareebida dafarulTeslianimcenareebiwarmodgenilia zemoqmedebazemgrZnobiare da zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebTan asocirebuldid wyalmcenareTa dadafarulTeslian mcenareTa yvelataqsoni.didi wyalmcenareebis safaris doneda dafarulTesliani mcenareebisgavrcelebuloba Seesabamebazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebs.warmodgenilia zemoqmedebaze mgrZnobiare dazemoqmedebis ararsebobis pirobebTanasocirebul did wyalmcenareTa dadafarulTeslian mcenareTa taqsonebisumravlesoba.warmodgenilia zemoqmedebazemgrZnobiare da zemoqmedebisararsebobis pirobebTan asocirebuldid wyalmcenareTa dadafarulTeslian mcenareTa taqsonebiszomieri raodenoba.didi wyalmcenareebis safaris done dadafarulTesliani mcenareebis gavrcelebulobaavlens mcire zemoqmedebis niSnebs.aRiniSneba didi wyalmcenareebissafarsa da dafarulTeslianimcenareebis gavrcelebulobazezomieri zemoqmedebis niSnebi, ramacSeiZleba gamoiwvios arasasurvelizemoqmedeba wylis obieqtSi arsebulorganizmTa balansze.benturi uxerxemloebiuxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebisa dagavrcelebulobis done moqceuliauxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebisa da gavrcelebulobis doneumniSvnelod scildeba farglebs, romlebicuxerxemlo taqsonebis saxeobrivimravalferovnebisa dagavrcelebulobis done zomierad65


farglebSi, romlebic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebTan.warmodgenili aris zegavlenazemgrZnobiare yvela taqsoni, romlebicasocirebulebi arian zegavlebisararsebobis pirobebTan.asocirdeba tipospecifikur pirobebTan.warmodgenilni arian tipospecifikurigaerTianebebis da zemoqmedebaze mgrZnobiaretaqsonebis umravlesoba.scildeba im farglebs, romlebicasocirdeba tipospecifikurpirobebTan.warmodgenilebi arian is taqsonebi,romlebic miuTiTeben dabinZurebaze.ar aris warmodgenili zemoqmedebazemgrZnobiare bevri taqsoni, romlebicmiekuTvnebian tipospecifikurgaerTianebebs.xarisxis hidromorfologiuri elementebimimoqcevis reJimimtknari wylebis dinebis reJimi damTavari dinebebis mimarTuleba dasiCqare srulad an TiTqmis sruladSeesabameba zemoqmedebis ararsebobispirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabameba xarisxisbiologiuri elementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebis miRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.morfologiuripirobebitbis siRrmis cvalebadoba, sanapirozolis struqtura da substrati da,aseve, mimoqcevis zonebis struqturada mdgomareoba srulad an TiTqmissrulad Seesabameba zegavlenaTaararsebobis pirobebs.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabameba xarisxisbiologiuri elementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebis miRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.66


xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri elementebi ( 1 )elementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxizogadipirobebifizikur-qimiuri elementebi srulad anTiTqmis srulad Seesabameba zemoqmedebaTaararsebobis pirobebs.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentracia rCeba imdiapazonis farglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.temperatura, Jangbadis balansi dagamWvirvaloba ar avlens anTropogenulizegavlenis niSnebs da rCeba im diapazonisfarglebSi, romelic, Cveulebriv,asocirdeba, zegavlenaTa ararsebobispirobebTan.tempertura, JangbadiT gajerebis pirobebi dagamWvirvaloba ar scildeba dadgenili diapazonisfarglebs, rac uzrunvelyofs ekosistemisfunqcionirebas da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentraciebi ar aRematebaim doneebs, romlebic dadgeniliatipospecifikuri ekosistemis funqcionirebisuzrunvelsayofad da xarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis, zemoaRniSnuli mniSvnelobebismisaRwevad.pirobebi, romlebicSeesabameba xarisxisbiologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvrulimniSvnelobebis miRwevas.calkeulisinTetikuridamabinZureblebikoncentraciebi axlos aris nulovanmaCveneblebTan an, yvelaze Tanamedrove dafarTod danergili analizis meTodebisgamoyenebiT gamovlenis sazRvrebs qvemoTmainc.koncentraciebi, romlebic ar aRematebaparagrafSi 1.2.6 ( 2 ) aRwerili procedurisSesabamisad dadgenil standartebs, 91/414/ЕС da98/8/ЕС (


1.2.5. Zlier saxeSecvlili an xelovnuri wylis obieqtebis maqsimaluri, kargi da saSualo ekologiuri potencialisdadgenaxarisxis biologiuri elementebielementi saukeTeso xarisxi kargi xarisxi damakmayofilebeli xarisxixarisxisbiologiurielementebiSesabamisi biologiuri xarisxiselementebis mniSvnelobebiramdenadac SesaZlebelia asaxavenSedarebis TvalsazrisiT yvelazemetad axlos mgdomi zedapiruliwylis obieqtis tipis mniSvnelobebs,im fizikuri pirobebisgaTvaliswinebiT, romlebicganpirobebulia mocemuli wylisobieqtis xelovnuri an ZliersaxeSecvlili maxasiaTeblebiT.umniSvnelo cvlilebebi Sesabamisi biologiurixarisxis elementebis mniSvnelobebSi, immniSvnelobebTan SedarebiT, romlebicfiqsirdeba maqsimaluri ekologiuripotencialis pirobebSi.zomieri cvlilebebi Sesabamisixarisxis biologiuri elementebismniSvnelobebSi, im mniSvnelobebTanSedarebiT, romlebic fiqsirdebamaqsimaluri ekologiuri potencialispirobebSi.hidromorfologiuri elementebihidromorfologiuri pirobebiSeesabameba zedapiruli wylisobieqtze mxolod im zegavlenebs,romlebic ganpirobebulia mocemuliwylis obieqtis xelovnuri an ZliersaxeSecvlili maxasiaTeblebiT, masSemdeg, rac miRebuli iqna yvelaSemamsubuqebeli zoma, raTamomxdariyo mocemuli obieqtismaqsimaluri miaxloveba ekologiurkontinuumTan, kerZod, faunismigraciisa da tofobisa dagamravlebisaTvis saTanadoadgilebis arsebobis TvalsazrisiT.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabameba xarisxisbiologiuri elementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebis miRwevas.pirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.fizikur-qimiurielementebizogadi pirobebifizikur-qimiuri elementebi sruladan TiTqmis srulad SeesabamebazemoqmedebaTa ararsebobis impirobebs, romlebic asocirdebaxelovnur an Zlier saxeSecvlilwylis mocemul obieqtTanfizikur-qimiuri elementebis mniSvnelobebiarian im diapazonis farglebSi, romelicdadgenilia ekosistemis funqcionirebisuzrunvelsayofad da biologiuri xarisxiselementebisaTvis zemoT gansazRvrulipirobebi, romlebic Seesabamebaxarisxis biologiurielementebisaTvis zemoTgansazRvruli mniSvnelobebismiRwevas.68


yvelaze axlos myof zedapiruliwylis obieqtis tipTan.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentraciarCeba im diapazonis farglebSi,romelic, Cveulebriv, asocirdeba,zegavlenaTa ararsebobis pirobebTan.mniSvnelobebis misaRwevad.temperatura da pH doneebi ar scildebian imdiapazonis farglebs, romelic dadgeniliaekosistemis funqcionirebis uzrunvelsayofadda xarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebis misaRwevad.temperaturis, Jangbadis balansisada pH doneebi Seesabameba imdoneebs, romlebic damaxasiaTebeliazegavlenaTa ararsebobis pirobebSiarsebul zedapiruli wylisobieqtebs Soris yvelaze axlosmdom tipebTan.sakvebi nivTierebebis koncentraciebi araRemateba im doneebs, romelic dadgeniliaekosistemis funqcionirebis uzrunvelsayofadda xarisxis biologiuri elementebisaTviszemoT gansazRvruli mniSvnelobebis misaRwevad.calkeulisinTetikuridamabinZure-blebikoncentraciebi axlos arisnulovan maCveneblebTan an, yvelazeTanamedrove da farTod danergilianalizis meTodebis gamoyenebiTgamovlenis sazRvrebs qvemoT mainckoncentraciebi, romlebic ar aRematebaparagrafSi 1.2.6 ( 2 ) aRwerili procedurisSesabamisad dadgenil standartebs, 91/414/ЕС da98/8/ЕС (


1.2.6. wevri qveynebis mier xarisxis qimiuri standartebis SemoRebis proceduraVIII danarTis 1-9 punqtebSi CamoTvlili damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis mier biotis dacvis mizniTekologiuri xarisxis standartebis SemuSavebisas, wevrma qveynebma unda ixelmZRvanelon qvemoTCamoTvlili debulebebiT. standartebi SeiZleba ganisazRvros wylisaTvis, naleqisaTvis dabiotisaTvis.iq, sadac SesaZlebelia, aucilebelia Seikribos rogorc mimdinare, aseve Zveli monacemebi qvemoTCamoTvlili taqsonebisaTvis, romlebic Seesabamebian mocemuli tipis wylis obieqts, aseve,nebismieri sxva wylis taqsonebisaTvis, romelTa Sesaxebac arsebobs monacemebi. taqsonebis “sabazonakrebi“ Tavis TavSi moicavs:- wyalmcenareebs da/an makrofitebs;- dafniebs da mlaSe wylebisaTvis reprezentatul organizmebs;- Tevzebs.ekologiuri xarisxis standartebis dadgenaqvemoT aRniSnuli procedura gamoiyeneba maqsimaluri saSualo wliuri koncentraciis dasadgenad:(i) wevrma qveynebma unda gansazRvron usafrTxoebis Sesabamisi faqtorebi, romlebic TiToeulSemTxvevaSi Seesabameba arsebuli monacemebis xasiaTsa da xarisxs da instruqcias, romelicmocemulia punqtSi 3.3.1, nawili II“teqnikuri saxelmZRvanelo axlad registrirebulinivTierebebis riskis Sefasebis Taobaze arsebuli 93/67/ЕЕС komisiis direqtivisa da arsebulinivTierebebisaTvis riskis Sefasebis Taobaze № 1488/94 komisiis dadgenilebis mxardasaWerad, aseve,qvemoT cxrilSi CamoTvlili usafrTxoebis faqtorebis gaTvalsiwinebiT:usafrTxoebis faqtorimedianuli letaluri koncentraciis ЗВ minimum erTi SemTxvevasabazo siaSi arsebuli TiToeuli sami trofikuli donisaTvismavne zemoqmedebis daufiqsireblobis erTi gaxangrZlivebuliSemTxveva (mlaSe wylebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli Tevzi, dafniaan reprezentatuli organizmi)mavne zemoqmedebis daufiqsireblobis ori gaxangrZlivebuliSemTxveva im saxeobebisaTvis, romlebic warmoadgenen ortrofikul dones (mlaSe wylebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli Tevzida/an dafnia an reprezentatuli organizmi da/an wylismcenareebi)1 00010050mavne zemoqmedebis daufiqsireblobis ori gaxangrZlivebuliSemTxveva sul cota sami saxeobebisaTvis (Cveulebriv, mlaSewylebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli Tevzi, dafnia anreprezentatuli organizmi da wylis mcenareebi), romlebicwarmoadgenen sam trofikul donessxva variantebi, maT Soris savele monacemebi an ekosistemebismodelebi, romlebic saSualebas iZleva gamoTvlili dagamoyenebuli iqnes usafrTxoebis ufro zusti faqtorebi10Calkeuli SefasebaTiToeulivariantisaTvis(ii) mdgradobisa da bioakumulaciis Sesaxeb monacemebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi, isinigaTvaliswinebuli unda iqnes xarisxis ekologiuri standartis saboloo mniSvnelobis dadgenisas;(iii) amgvarad SemuSavebuli standarti, unda Seedaros savele kvlevebis nebismier arsebulmonacemebs. anomaliebis aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi, ufro detaluri usafrTxoebis faqtoris gamoTvlismizniT unda moxdes SemuSavebuli standartis gadaxedva;70


(iv) SemuSavebuli standarti ganxiluli unda iqnes eqspertebis mier, aseve, unda moxdessazogadoebasTan konsultacia ufro zusti usafrTxoebis faqtoris gamoTvlis mizniT.1.3. zedapiruli wylebis ekologiuri da qimiuri mdgomareobis montoringizedapiruli wylebis monitoringis qseli unda Seiqmnas me-8 muxlis moTxovnebis Sesabamisad.monitoringis qseli unda Camoyalibdes imgvarad, rom iZleodes TiToeuli mdinaris auzSiekologiuri da qimiuri mdgomareobis naTel da srulyofil suraTs, aseve, iZleodes wylisobieqtebis xuT jgufad klasifikaciis SesaZleblobas 2.1 nawilSi gansazRvruli normatiuligansazRvrebebis Sesabamisad. wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon ruqa an ruqebi, romlebic aCvenebenzedapiruli wylebis monitoringis qsels mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi.daxasiaTebisa da zemoqmedebis Sefasebis safuZvelze, romlebic xorcieldeba me-5 muxlisa da IIdanarTis Sesabamisad, wevrma qveynebma mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis moqmedebis TiToeuliperiodisaTvis, unda SeimuSavon dakvirvebiTi monitoringis programa da operatiuli monitoringisprograma. aseve, rig SemTxvevebSi, wevr qveynebs SeiZlebaT dasWirdeT gamoZiebiTi monitoringisprogramis SemuSaveba.wevrma qveynebma unda ganaxorcielon TiToeuli Sesabamisi xarisxis elementis statusis indikatoriparametrebis monitoringi. biologiuri xarisxis elementebisaTvis paramatrebis SerCevisas, wevrmaqveynebma unda gansazRvron Sesabamisi taqsonomiuri done, romelic saWiro iqneba xarisxiselementebis sando da zusti klasifikaciisaTvis. monitoringis programebis Sedegebis sandoobisdonisa da sizustis Sefasebebi unda aisaxos gegmaSi.1.3.1 dakvirvebiTi monitoringis struqturamizaniwevrma qveynebma unda SeimuSavon dakvirvebiTi monitoringis programebi, raTa uzrunvelyoninformacia:⎯⎯⎯⎯romelic ganavrcobs da daasabuTebs danarTSi II aRwerili zegavlenis Sefasebis proceduras;momavali monitoringis programebis racionaluri da efeqturi dagegmvisaTis;bunebrivi pirobebSi grZelvadiani cvlilebebis SefasebisaTvis; dafarTomasStabiani anTropogenuli saqmianobis Sedegad gamowveuli grZelvadiani cvlilebebisSefasebisaTvis.amgvari monitoringis Sedegebi, danarTSi II mocemuli zegavlebis Sefasebis procedurasTan erTad,ganxiluli da gamoyenebuli unda iqnes mdinaris auzis marTvis moqmed da momaval gegmebSimonitoringis programebis moTxovnebis gansazRvrisaTvis.monitoringis ubnebis adgilmdebareobis SerCevadakvirvebiTi monitoringi unda ganxorcieldes sakmarisad did zedapiruli wylebis obieqtebze,raTa moxdes zedapiruli wylis xarisxis srulyofili Sefaseba mdinaris auzis raionis farglebSiarsebuli TiToeuli wyalsakrebisa Tu qvewyalsakrebebisaTvis. am obieqtebis arCevisas, wevriqveynebi uzrunvelyofen monitorings, Sesabamisad im adgilebSi, sadac:- wylis dinebas gaaCnia sakmarisi siCqare mdinaris auzis raionSi mTlianad; maT Soris didmdinareebze im adgilebSi, sadac wyalsakrebis farTobi aRemateba 2 500m 2;- arsebuli wylis moculoba, tbebisa da wyalsacavebis CaTvliT, mniSvnelovania mdinarisauzis raionis farglebSi;- wevri qveynis sazRvars gadakveTen wylis mniSvnelovani obieqtebi;- ganlagebis adgilebi gansazRvrulia 77/795/EEC gadawyvetilebiT informaciis gacvlisSesaxeb, da, aseve, im sxva adgilebSi, romlebic saWiroa wevri qveynebis sazRvrebs gareT da,aseve, zRvis wylis garemoSi gadatanili damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis SefasebisaTvis.71


xarisxis elementebis SerCevadakvirvebiTi monitoringi unda Catardes monitoringis TiToeul punqtze erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi,mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmiT gaTvaliswinebul periodSi, qvemoCamoTvlili parametrebisgaTvaliswinebiT, kerZod, es parametrebia:⎯⎯⎯yvela xarisxis biologiuri elementis maCvenebeli parametrebi;yvela xarisxis hidromorfologiuri elementis maCvenebeli parametrebi;,yvela xarisxis fizikur-qimiuri elementis maCvenebeli parametrebi;⎯ prioritetulobis mixedviT Sedgenil siaSi CamoTvlili damabinZurebeli nivTierebebi,romlebic iyreba mdinaris auzSi an qveauzSi, da⎯sxva damabinZurebeli nivTierebebi, romlebic iyreba mdinaris auzSi an qveauzSi.Tuki wina dakvirvebiTi monitoringis Sedegad ar gamovlinda, rom mocemulma wylis obieqtmamiaRwia karg xarisxs, xolo II danarTiT gaTvaliswinebuli adamianis saqmianobis zegavlenisanalizma ar gamoavlina cvlilebebi obieqtze ganxorcielebul zemoqmedebaSi. amgvar SemTxvevebSi,dakvirvebiTi monitoringi unda Catardes mdinaris auzis marTvis yoveli mesame gegmisaTvis.1.3.2. operatiuli monitoringis struqturaoperatiuli monitoringi xorcieldeba, raTa:⎯ moxdes ekologiuri amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis qveS myofi wylis obieqtebisxarisxis gansazRvra;⎯ Sefasdes RonisZiebaTa programebis ganxorcielebis Sedegad miRebuli nebismieri cvlilebaamgvari wylis obieqtebis xarisxSi.programaSi SeiZleba Setanili iqnes cvlilebebi mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmis moqmedebisperiodSi im informaciaze dayrdnobiT, romelic mopovebuli iqna II danarTiT an winamdebaredanarTiT gansazRvruli nawili moTxovnebis Sesabamisad, im mizniT, rom moxdes monitoringissizSiris Semcireba arasakmarisi zegavlenis an arsebuli zegavlebis moxsnisSemTxvevebSi.monitoringis ubnebis adglimdebareobis SerCevaoperatiuli monitoringi unda ganxorcieldes im tipis wylis obieqtebisaTvis, romlebisTvisac,danarTis II Sesabamisad Catarebuli zegavlenis Sefasebis an dakvirvebiTi monitoringis safuZvelze,ganisazRvra maT mier me-muxliT gansazRvruli ekologiuri amocanebis Seusruleblobis riski da,aseve, wylis im obieqtebisaTvis, romlebSic xdeba prioritetuli damabinZurebeli nivTierebebisCayra. monitoringis ubnebi SerCeuli unda iqnes prioritetuli nivTierebebisaTvis, rogorc esgansazRvrulia kanonmdeblobiT, romelic adgens Sesabamisi ekologiuri xarisxis standarts. yvelasxva SemTxvevaSi, maT Soris prioritetuli nivTierebebisaTvis, rodesac aRniSnul sakanonmdebloaqtebiT ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli specialuri instruqciebi, monitoringis ubnebisadgilmdebareobis SerCeva xorcieldeba Semdgednairad:⎯im obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic imyofebian erTi mniSvnelovani wertilovani wyaros mierzemoqmedebis riskis qveS, xdeba sakmarisi raodenobis monitoringis wertilebis SerCevaTiToeul wylis obieqtSi, raTa moxdes mocemuli wertilovani wyaros zemoqmedebismasStabisa da xarisxis Sefaseba. im SemTxvevebSi, rodesac wylis obieqtze zegavlenas axdebsramodenime wertilovani wyaro, monitoringis ubnebis SerCeva xdeba im mizniT, rom moxdeszegavlenis saerTo masStabisa da xarisxis Sefaseba.⎯ im obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic imyofebian erTi mniSvnelovani difuzuri wyaros mierzemoqmedebis riskis qveS, sxvadasxva wylis obieqtSi SerCeuli unda iqnes sakmarisiraodenobis monitoringis wertilebi, raTa moxdes mocemuli difuzuri wyaros zemoqmedebismasStabisa da xarisxis Sefaseba. unda SeirCes is wyaroebi, romlebic warmoadgenen72


difuzuri wyaroebis mier zemoqmedebis SesaZlo riskebs, da zedapiruli wylebis kargixarisxis miuRwevlobis SesaZlo riskebs.⎯ im obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic imyofebian erTi mniSvnelovani hidromorfologiurizemoqmedebis riskis qveS, xdeba sakmarisi raodenobis monitoringis wertilebis SerCevasxvadasxva wylis obieqtebisaTvis, raTa moxdes hidromorfologiuri zemoqmedebis masStabisada xarisxis Sefaseba. unda SeirCes is wyaroebi, romlebic asaxaven yvela mocemul obieqtzeganxorcielebul saerTo hidromorfologiur zegavlenas.xarisxis elementebis SerCevazedapiruli wylis obieqtebze zemoqmedebis masStabis Sefasebis mizniT, wevri qveynebi axorcielebenmonitorings xarisxis sam elementze, romlebic damaxasiaTebeli im zemoqmedebebisaTvis, romlebsacganicdis mocemuli wylis obieqti an obieqtebi. amgvar zegavlenaTa Sefasebis mizniT, wevri qveynebiaxorcieleben Sesabams monitorings. kerZod, fasdeba:⎯ parametrebi, romlebic warmoadgenen xarisxis biologiuri elementebis, an im elementebisindikatorebs, romlebic yvelaze metad reagireben wylis obieqtebze ganxorcielebulizemoqmedebebze;⎯prioritetul siaSi Setanili yvela damabinZurebeli nivTiereba, romelic gadaiyreba da,aseve, did raodenobiT gadayrili sxva damabinZurebeli nivTierebebi;⎯ parametrebi, romlebic warmoadgenen im xarisxis hidromorfologiuri elementisindikatorebs, romlebic yvelaze metad ganicdian mocemul zemoqmedebas.mizani1.3.3. gamoZiebiTi monitoringis struqturagamoZiebiT monitoringi xorcieldeba im SemTxvevebSi, rodesac:⎯⎯⎯ucnobia nebismieri gadaWarbebis SemTxvevaTa mizezebi;gamoZiebiTi monitoringis Sedegebi aCveneben, rom mosalodnelia wylis obieqtisaTvis me-4muxlSi gansazRvruli miznebis Seusrulebloba da, wylis obieqtis an wylis obieqtebis mierekologiuri amocanebis Seusruleblobis mizezis garkvevis mizniT ar dawyebula operatiulimonitoringi;saWiroa dadgindes SemTxveviTi dabinZurebis masStabi da zemoqmedebebi,da, aseve, informacias awvdis RoniZiebaTa programis xelmZRvanelobas im zomebis Taobaze, romlebicsaWiroa ekologiuri amocanebis Sesasruleblad da, im konkretuli zomebis Taobaze, romlebicaucilebelia SemTxveviTi dabinZurebis Sedegebis aRmosafxvrelad.1.3.4. monitoringis sixSiredakvirvebiTi monitoringis Catarebisas, daculi unda iqnes xarisxis fizikur-qimiurielementebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli parametrebis monitoringis sixSire, garda im SemTxvevebisa,rodesac ufro didi intervalebi gamarTlebuli iqneba teqnikuri codnisa da eqspertTa mosazrebebissafuZvelze. xarisxis biologiuri da hidromorfologiuri elementebisaTvis, monitoringi erTxelmainc unda Catardes dakvirvebiTi monitoringis periodSi. operatiuli monitoringis SemTxvevaSi,nebismieri parametrisaTvis saWiro monitoringis sixSire unda ganisazRvros wevri qveynebis mier,raTa uzrunvelyofili iqnes sakmarisi monacemebi Sesabamisi xarisxis elementis mdgomareobis sandoSefasebisaTvis.rekomendirebulia, rom monirtoringi ar Catardes ufro xSiri intervalebiT, vidre es mocemuliacxrilSi qvemoT, garda im SemTxvevebisa, rodesac ufro didi intervalebi gamarTlebuli iqnebateqnikuri codnisa da eqspertTa mosazrebebis safuZvelze. SerCeulma sixSirem unda uzrunvelyossandoobisa da sizustis misaRebi done. monitoringis sistemis mier gamoyenebuli saimedooebisa dasizustis maCveneblebi gansazRvruli unda iyos mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi.monitoringis sixSiris gansazRvrisas, mxedvelobaSi unda iqnes miRebuli rogorc bunebrivi, aseve,anTropogenuli pirobebiT ganpirobebuli parametrebis Secvlis SesaZlebloba. monitoringisganxorcielebis dro SerCeuli unda iqnes ise, rom Semcirdes sezonuri cvlilebebis zegavlena73


Sedegebze da, amgvarad, uzrunvelyofili iqnes, rom Sedegebi asaxaven cvlilebebs wylis obieqtSi,romlebic gamowveulia anTropogenuli faqtorebiT.am miznis misaRwevad unda ganxorcileldes damatebiTi monitoringi wlis sxvadasxva monakveTSi imadgilebSi, sadac es saWiroa.xarisxis maCvenebeli mdinareebi tbebi gardamaveliwylebibiologiurifitoplanktoni 6 Tve 6 Tve 6 Tve 6 Tvewylis sxva flora 3 weli 3 weli 3 weli 3 welimakrouxerxemloebi 3 weli 3 weli 3 weli 3 weliTevzebi 3 weli 3 weli 3 weli 3 welihidromorfologiuriuwyvetoba6 welihidrologia uwyvetad 1 Tvemorfologia 6 weli 6 weli 6 weli 6 welifizikur-qimiuritemperaturuli pirobebi 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 TveJangbadiT gajereba 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tvemarilianoba 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tvesakvebi nivTierebebis3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 TveSemadgenlobadaJangva 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tvesxva damabinZurebeli3 Tve 3 Tve 3 Tve 3 TvenivTierebebiprioritetuli nivTierebebi 1 Tve 1 Tve 1 Tve 1 Tvesanapiro wylebi1.3.5. damatebiTi miTxovnebi daculi teritoriebis monitoringis mimarTzemoT moTxovnili monitoringis programebSi Setanili unda iqnes damatebebi, raTa ganxorciledesSemdegi moTxovnebi:sasmeli wylis amoRebis ubnebizedapiruli wylis obieqtebi, romlebic aRniSnulia me-7 muxlSi da, romlebic uzrunvelyofendReSi saSualod 100m 3 odenobis wyals, unda ganisazRvros monitoringis adgilebad da, saWiroebisSemTxvevaSi, maT unda gaiaros damatebiTi monitoringi, raTa Sesrulebuli iqnes aRniSnuli muxlismoTxovnebi. amgvari obieqtebze monitoringi unda ganxorcieldes yvela gadagdebuli prioritetulinivTierebebis da sxva im nivTierebebis gamoc, romlebic iyreba mniSvnelovani raodenobiT daSeuZlia gavlena iqonios wylis obieqtSi wylis xarisxze da, romlebic kontroldeba sasmeli wylisSesaxeb direqtivis debulebebiT. monitoringi unda ganxorcieldes qvemoT mocemuli sixSireebisgaTvaliswinebiT:im wyalsatevebis monitoringis sixSire, romlebic warmoadgenen mosaxleobisaTvis sasmeli wyliswyaroebs:mosaxleoba< 10 000 macxovrebeli weliwadSi 4-jer10 000-dan 30 000-mde macxovrebeli weliwadSi 8 -jer> 30 000 macxovrebeli weliwadSi 12-jersixSiredaculi teritoriebi habitatisa da saxeobebisaTviswyalsatevebi, romlebic qmnian am teritoriebs, Sevlen zemoaRniSnul operatiuli monitoringisprogramaSi zemoqmedebis Sefasebisa da dakvirvebiTi monitoringis safuZvelze, gansazRvruliekologiuri amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis SemTxvevis dafiqsirebis SemTxvevaSi. unda74


ganxorcieldes monitoringi, raTa moxdes wylis am obieqtebze yvela Sesabamisi mniSvnelovanifaqtoris masStabisa da zegavlenis sefaseba da, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, Sefades is cvlilebebi,romlebic ganicada am wylis obieqtebis xarisxma RonisZiebaTa programebis Sedegad. monitoringiunda gagrZeldes manam, sanam teritoriebi ar daakmayofileben wyalTan dakavSirebiT SesabamisikanonmdeblobiT gaTvalsiwinebul moTxovnebs da miaRweven me-4 muxliT gaTvaliswinebul miznebs.1.3.6. wylis xarisxis monitoringis elementebis standartebimeTodebi, romlebic gamoiyeneba tipis parametrebze monitoringisaTvis, unda SeesabamebodesqvemoCamoTvlil saerTaSoriso standartebs an im sxva erovnul Tu saerTaSoriso standartebs,romlebic uzrunvelyofen igive mecnieruli xarisxisa da SedarebiTobis mqone monacemebis miRebas.makrouxerxemloTa nimuSebis aRebaISO 5667-3: 1995 w. “wylis xarisxi. nimuSebis aReba. nawili 3. saxelmZRvanelo nimuSebis Senaxvisa dadamuSavebisaTvis”EN 27828: 1994 w. “wylis xarisxi. biologiuri nimuSebis aRebis meTodebi. saxelmZRvanelo bentiurimakrouxerxebloebis nimuSebis SerCevisaTvis”EN 28265:1994 w. “wylis xarisxi. biologiuri nimuSebis aRebis meTodebi. saxelmZRvanelowyalmarCxobebSi qviani qveniadagze arsebuli bentiuri makro uxerxebloebisaTvis raodenobrivinimuSebis SemrCevebis proeqtirebisa da gamoyenebisaTvis”EN ISO 9391:1995 w. “wylis xarisxi. makro uxerxemloTa nimuSebis SerCeva. saxelmZRvanelo koloniebis,xarisxobrivi da raodenobrivi nimuSebis SerCevis gamoyenebisaTvis”EN ISO 8689-1:1999 w. “mdinareebis biologiuri klasifikacia. nawili I: saxelmZRvanelo im biologiurixarisxis monacemebis interpretirebisaTvis, romlebic miRebulia gamdinar wylebSi bentiurmakrouxerxemloTa kvlevebis Sedegad”IEN ISO 8689-2:1999 w. mdinareebis biologiuri klasifikacia. nawili II: saxelmZRvanelo im biologiurixarisxis monacemebis warmodgenisaTvis, romlebic miRebulia gamdinar wylebSi bentiurmakrouxerxemloTa kvlevebis Sedegad”makrofitebis nimuSebis SerCevaarsebuli standartebi CEN / ISO, rodesac moxdeba maTi SemuSavebaTevzebis nimuSebis SerCevaSesabamisi standartebi CEN / ISO, rodesac moxdeba maTi SemuSavebadiatomebis nimuSebis SerCevaSesabamisi standartebi CEN / ISO, rodesac moxdeba maTi SemuSavebastandartebi fiziku-qimiuri parametrebisaTvisnebismieri Sesabamisi standartebi CEN / ISOstandartebi hidromorfologiuri parametrebisaTvisnebismieri Sesabamisi standartebi CEN / ISO1.4. ekologiuri mdegomareobis klasifikacia d informaciis warmodgena1.4.1. biologiuri monitoringis Sedegebis SedarebiToba(i) wevrma qveynebma unda Seqmnan monitoringis sistemebi, raTa moxdes im xarisxis biologiurielementebis mniSvnelobaTa Sefaseba, romelic gansazRvrulia TiToeuli zedapiruli wylis75


kategoriisaTvis an Zlier saxeSecvlili da xelovnuri zedapiruli wylis obieqtebisaTvis. ZliersaxeSecvlili da xelovnuri zedapiruli wylis obieqtebisaTvis qvemoT mocemuli proceduresgamoyenebisas, ekologiuri mdgomareobaze gakeTebuli miTiTebebi ganmartebuli unda iqnes, rogorcekologiur potencilaze gakeTebuli miTiTebebi. amgvarma sistemebma SeiZleba gamoiyenon konkretulisaxeobebi an saxeobaTa jgufebi, romlebic mTliaonobaSi warmoadgenen xarisxis elements.(ii) monitoringis amgvari sistemebis SedarebiTobis uzrunvelyofis mizniT, sistemebis Sedegebi,romlebic gamoiyeneba evrogaerTianebis TiToeuli wevri qveynis mier, gamosaxuli unda iyosekologiuri xarisxis koeficientebis saxiT, raTa moxdes ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikacia. eskoeficientebi warmoadgenen Tanafardobas mocemuli zedapiruli wylisaTvis dadgenil biologiuriparametrebis sidideebsa da aRniSnuli obieqtisaTvis sawyis pirobebSi dadgenili parametrebissidideebs Soris. koeficienti gamoixateba ricxviTi mniSvnelobis saxiT nulidan erTis farglebSi,sadac kargi ekologiuri mdgomareoba fasdeba sidideebiT, romelic axlosaa erTTan, xolo cudi –sidideebiT, romlebic axlosaa nulTan.(iii) TiToeulma wevrma qveyanam, monitoringis sakuTari sistemis farglebSi, zedapiruli wyalisTiToeuli kategoriisaTvis, ekologiuri xarisxis koeficientebis Skala unda dahyos xuT klasad,dawyebuli kargi ekologiuri mdomareobiT da damTavrebuli cudi ekologiuri mdgomareobiT,rogorc es gansazRvrulia 1.2 nawilSi, klasebs Soris zRvruli mniSvnelobebis dadgenis gziT.“saukeTeso” da “kargi” xarisxis klasebs, aseve, “kargi” da “saSualo” xarisxis klasebs SoriszRvruli mniSvnelobebi unda ganisazRvros qvemoT aRwerili interkalibrirebis gziT.(iv) komisism xeli unda Seuwyos aRniSnul interkalibrirebas, raTa uzrunvelyofili iqnes aRniSnulklasebs Soris zRvrebis dadgena 1.2 nawilSi mocemuli normatiuli gansazRvrebebis Sesabamisad da,aseve, maTi Tanazomadoba wevri qveynebis monitoringis sistemis farglebSi.(v) am proceduris farglebSi komisiam xeli unda Seuwyos wevr qveynebs Soris informaciis gacvlas,raTa moxdes monitoringisaTvis rigi ubnebis gansazRvra gaerTianebis TiToeul ekoregionSi. esubnebi Seqmnian interkalibrirebis qsels. qselSi Sesuli iqneba ubnebi, romlebic SerCeuli iqnebaTiToeul ekoregionSi arsebuli sxvadasxva tipis zedapiruli wylebisagan. zedapiruli wyalsatevisTiToeuli SerCeuli tipis qseli unda moicavdes, sul cota or ubans, romelTa mdgomareobacSesabamisobaSi iqneba “saukeTeso” da “kargi” mdgomareobebis normatiul gansazRvrebebs Sorisarsebul zRvarTan da, moicavs, sul cota, or ubans, romelTa mdgomareobac SesabamisobaSi iqneba“karg” da “saSualo” mdgomareobebis normatiul gansazRvrebebs Soris arsebul zRvarTan. es ubnebiSerCeuli unda iqnes eqspertTa daskvnis Sesabamisad, romelic daefuZneba gaerTianebul kvlevisSedegebsa da sxvadasxva xelmisawvdom informacias.(vi) TiToeuli wevri qveynis monitoringis sistema gamoyenebuli unda iqnes interkalibrirebis qselisim ubnebisaTvis, romlelic miekuTvneba rogorc ekoregions, aseve zedapiruli wylis obieqtis imtips, romlisTvisac gamoiyeneba es sistema, rogorc es gansazRvrulia winamdebare direqtiviT.monitoringis sistemis amgvari gamoyenebis Sedegad, TiToeul wevr qveynaSi ganisazRvreba ricxobrivisidideebi Sesabamisi zRvruli mdgomareobisaTvis.(vii) direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlis dRidan sami wlis ganmavlobaSi, komisiam unda Seadginosinterkalibrirebis qselSi CarTul ubanTa CamonaTvalis pirveladi varianti, romelic SeiZlebaSeicvalos muxlSi 21 gansazRvruli procedurebis Sesabamisad. ubnebis saboloo CamonaTvalidadgindeba direqtivis ZalaSi Sesvlis dRidan oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi da gamoqveynebuli iqnebakomisiis mier.(viii) komisiam da wevrma qveynebma unda daasrulon interkalibrireba ubanTa saboloo CamonaTvalisgamoqveynebis TariRidan 18 Tvis ganmavlobaSi.(ix) interkalibrirebis Sedegebi da saklasifikacio sidideebi, romlebic dadgenilia wevri qveynebismonitoringis sistemisaTvis, qveyndeba komisiis mier interkalibrirebis dasrulebidan eqvsi TvisganmavlobaSi.1.4.2. monitoringis Sedegebis warmodgena da ekologiuri mdgomareobisa da ekologiuri potencialisdaxasiaTeba76


(i) zedapiruli wylis kategoriebisaTvis, wylis obieqtis ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikaciawarmodgenili unda iyos ufro dabali sidideebiT im biologiuri da fizikur-qimiurimonitoringis Sedegebis sidideebTan SedarebiT, romlebic ganxorcielda Sesabamisi xarisxiselementebisaTvis da klasificirebulebi arian qvemoT mocemuli cxrilis pirveli svetis mixedviT.wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon feradad kodirebuli ruqa mdinaris auzis TiToeuliraionisaTvis, romelzec asaxuli iqneba TiToeuli wylis obieqtis ekologiuri mdgomareoba, qvemoTmocemuli klasifikaciis cxrilis meore svetis Sesabamisad:ekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikacia«saukeTeso»«kargi»«saSualo»«cudi»«Zalian cudi»cisferimwvaneyveiTelinarinjisferiwiTeliferadi kodi(ii) Zlier saxeSecvlili da xelovnuri wylis obieqtebisaTvis, wylis obieqtis ekologiuripotencialis klasifikacia warmodgenili unda iyos ufro dabali sidideebiT im biologiuri dafizikur-qimiuri monitoringis Sedegebis sidideebTan SedarebiT, romlebic ganxorcielda Sesabamisixarisxis elementebisaTvis da klasificirebulebi arian qvemoT mocemuli cxrilis pirveli svetismixedviT. wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon feradad kodirebuli ruqa mdinaris auzis TiToeuliraionisaTvis, romelzec asaxuli iqneba TiToeuli wylis obieqtis ekologiuri potencialixelovnuri wylis obieqtebisaTvis, qvemoT mocemuli klasifikaciis cxrilis meore svetisSesabamisad, da Zlier saxeSecvlili wylis obieqtebisaTvis, qvemoT mocemuli klasifikaciiscxrilis mesame svetis Sesabamisad:ekologiuri potencialisFferadi kodirebaklasifikaciaxelovnuri wyalsatevebi Zlier saxeSecvliliwyalsatevebi«kargi da ukeTesi» mwvane baci nacrisferi mwvane muqi nacrisferizolebiTzolebiT«saSualo» yviTeli baciyviTeli muqinacrisferi zolebiTnacrisferi zolebiT«cudi» narinjisferi baci Narinjisferi muqinacrisferi zolebiTnacrisferi zolebiT«Zalian cudi» wiTeli baci nacrisferi wiTeli muqi nacrisferizolebiTzolebiT(iii) aseve, wevrma qveynebma ruqaze Savi wertiliT unda aRniSnon wylis is obieqtebi, romlebic arSeesabamebian karg ekologiur mdgomareobas an karg ekologiur potencials ekologiuri xarisxis imerT an erTze met standartTan Seusabamobis gamo, romlebic dadgenili iqna konkretuli wylisobieqtisaTvis specifikur sinTetikur an arasinTetikur damabinZeblebTan mimarTebaSi (wevri qveynismier dadgenili Sesabamisobis reJimis mixedviT).1.4.3. monitoringis Sedegebis warmodgena da qimiuri mdgomareobis daxasiaTebaim SemTxvevaSi, rodesac calkeuli wylis obieqti Seesabameba ekologiuri xarisxis yvela imstandarts, romlebic gansazRvrulia danarTSi IX, me-16 muxlSi da Tanamegobrobis sxva SesabamisikanonmdeblobiT, romelic adgnes ekologiuri xarisxis standartebs, amgvari wylis obieqti undadaregistirdes kargi qimiuri mdgomareobis mqone obieqtad. amgvari Sesabamisobis ararsebobisSemTxvevaSi, wylis obieqti unda daregistrirdes, rogorc obieqti, romelsac ar gaaCnia kargiqimiuri mdgomareoba.wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon ruqa feradi kodirebiT mdinaris auzis TiToeuli raionisaTvis,romelSic ilusrtirebuli iqneba TiToeuli wylis obieqtis qimiuri mdgomareoba, qvemoT mocemuliklasifikaciis cxrilis meore svetis Sesabamisad:kargicudiekologiuri mdgomareobis klasifikacialurjiwiTeliferadi kodi77


miwisqveSa wylebi2.1. miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivi mdgomareoba2.1.1. raodenobrivi mdgomareobis daxasiaTebisaTvis saWiro parametrebimiwisqveSa wylebis donis reJimi2.1.2. raodenobrivi mdgomareobis gansazRvrebaEelementebikargi mdgomareobamiwisqveSa wylis done miwisqveSa wylis obieqtSi miwisqveSa wylisdone imgvaria, rom wylis grZelvadianimopovebis saSulo wliuri maCvenebli araRemateba arsebul miwiqveSa resurss.Sesabamisad, miwisqveSa wylebis done areqvemdebareba anTropogenul cvlilebebs,romlebmac SeiZleba gamoiwvios:- im ekologiuri amocanebis Seusrulebloba,romlebic gansazRvrulia me-4 muxlSida Seexeba miwisqveSa wylebTandakavSirebul zedapirul wylebs;- amgvaris wylebis mdgomareobis nebismierimniSvnelovani gauareseba;- im miwiszeda ekosistemebis nebismierimniSvnelovani dazianeba, romlebicuSualod damokidebulia miwisqveSa wylisobieqtebze;2.2. miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivi mdgomareobada donis Secvlis Sedegad dinebismimarTulebis Secvlas SeiZleba hqondesdroebiTi an uwyveti xasiaTi sivrciTSemosazRvrul teritoriaze. Tumca, dinebismimarTulebis amgvari cvlleba ar iwvevs wylisobieqtSi mariliani wylis moxvedras an sxvasaxis SeWras da ar atarebs anTropogenuliTvisebis mqone mtkice da aSkara tendenciisniSans dinebis Secvlisa, ramac SeiZlebagamoiwvios amgvari saxis SemoWrebi.2.2.1. misiwqveSa wylebis doneebze dakvirvebis qselimisiwqveSa wylebis doneebze dakvirvebis qseli unda Seiqmnas me-7 da me-8 muxlebis moTxovnebisSesabamisad. monitoringis qselis struqtura unda iyos imgvari, rom uzrunvelyos yvela miwisqveSawylis obieqtis an obieqtTa jgufebis raodenobrivi mdgomareobis saTanado Sefaseba, arsebulimiwiqveSa resursebis Sefasebis CaTvliT. wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginosn ruqa an ruqebi,romlezec asaxuli iqneba mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi arsebuli miwisqveSa wylebis monitoringisqseli.2.2.2. monitoringis ubnebis ganlagebis sixSireqseli unda moicavdes sakmarisi raodenobis reprezentatuli monitoringis ubnebs, rac SesaZlebelsgaxdis Sefasdes miwisqveSa wylebis done TiToeul miwisqveSa wlis obieqtSi an obieqtTa jgufSi,xelaxali Sevsebis reJimis moklevadiani da grZelvadiani cvlilebebis gaTvaliswinebiT. kerZod:- im miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic dganan me-4 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuliekologiuri amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis winaSe, uzrunvelyofili unda iqnesmonitoringis ubnebis sakmarisi sixSire, raTa Sefasdes miwisqveSa wylebze mopovebisa da Cayriszemoqmedebebi;- im miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis, romelTa farglebSic miwisqveSa wylebi miedinebian wevriqveynis sazRvrebis gaswvriv, saWiroa uzrunvelyofili iqnes sakmarisi raodenobis monitoringisubnebi, romlebic SesaZlebels gaxdis Sefasdes wevri qveynis sazRvrebis gaswvriv miwisqveSawylebis dinebis mimarTuleba da siCqare.78


2.2.3. monitoringis sixSiredakvirvebiTi montoringis sixSire sakmarisi unda iyos imisaTvis, rom Sefasdes TiToeuli miwisqveSaobieqtis an obieqtTa jgufebis raodenobrivi mdgomareoba, wylis Sevsebis reJimis moklevadiani dagrZelvadiani cvlilebebis gaTvaliswinebiT. kerZod,- im miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis, romlebic dganan me-4 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuliekologiuri amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis winaSe, uzrunvelyofili unda iqnes monitoringissakmarisi sixSire, raTa Sefasdes miwisqveSa wylebi doneze amoRebisa da Cayris zemoqmedebebi;- im miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis, romelTa farglebSic miwisqveSa wylebi miedinebianwevri qveynis sazRvrebis gaswvriv, saWiroa uzrunvelyofili iqnes monitoringis sakmarisisixSiriT, rac SesaZlebels gaxdis Sefasdes wevri qveynis sazRvrebis gaswvriv miwisqveSawylebis dinebis mimarTuleba da siCqare.2.2.4. miwisqveSa wylebis raodenobrivi mdgomareobis interpretacia da prezentaciamonitoringis qselis mier miwisqveSa obieqtis an obieqtTa jgufisaTvis gaweuli muSaobis Sedegebigamoyenebuli unda iqnes aRniSnuli obieqtis an obieqtebis raodenobrivi mdgomareobisSesafasebalad. 2.5 punqtis Sesabamisad, wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon qvemoT mocemuliferadad kodirebuli mqone ruqa, romelic Seafasebs miwiqveSa wylebis raodenobriv mdomareobas:kargi:cudi:mwvanewiTeli2.3. miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareoba2.3.1. miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareobis dadgenisaTvis saWior parametrebigamtarobadamabinZurebel nivTierebaTa koncentraciebi2.3.2. miwisqveSa wylebis “kargi” qimiuri mdgomareobis gansazRvramaCveneblebizogadigamtarobaKkargi mdgomareobamiwisqveSa wylis obieqtis qimiuri Semadgenloba imgvaria, rom damabinZurebelnivTierebaTa koncentracia:- rogorc es gansazRvruli qvemoT, ar mianiSnebs maTSi mlaSe wylebismoxvedrasa Tu sxva saxis SemoWrebze;- ar aRemateba xarisxis standartebs, romlebic gamoiyeneba Tanamegobrobissxva Sesabamisi sakanonmdeblo gaerTianebis farglebSi me-17 muxlisSesabamisad.ar aris imgvari, rom gamoiwvios me-4 muxlSi aRniSnuli im ekologiurimiznebis miuRwevloba, romlebic Seexeba miwisqveSa wylebTan dakavSirebulzedapirul wylebs, aseve, am wylis obieqtebis ekologiuri da qimiurixarisxis nebismieri mniSvnelovani gauareseba an mniSvnelovani ziani miayenosim miwiszeda ekosistemebs, romlebic uSualod arian damokidebulebi mocemulmiwisqveSa obieqtze.cvlilebebi gamtarobaSi ar mianiSnebs miwisqveSa wylebSi mlaSe wylebismoxvedrasa Tu sxva saxis SemoWraze;2.4. miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareobis monitoringi2.4.1. miwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobaze dakvirvebis qselimiwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobaze dakvirvebis qseli unda Camoyalibdes me-7 da mr-8 muxlebismoTxovnebis Sesabamisad. monitoringis qseli imgvarad unda daproeqtdes, rom uzrunvelyos qimiuri79


mdgomareobis Tanamimdevruli da yovelmxrivi mimoxilva TiToeuli mdinaris auzis farglebSi dagamoavlinos damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis koncentraciis zrdis im grZelvadiani tendenciebisarseboba, romlebsac gaaCniaT anTropogenuli xasiaTi. ekologiuri zemoqmedebis daxasiaTebisa daSefasebis safuZvelze, romlebic ganxorcielda II danarTis me-5 muxlis Sesabamisad, mdinaris auzismarTvis gegmiT gaTvaliswinebuli TiToeuli periodisaTvis wevrma qveynebma unda SeimuSavondakvirvebiTi monitoringis programa. am programis Sedegebi gamoyenebuli unda iqnes operatiulimonitoringis programis SemuSavebisaTvis, romelic ganxorcielebuli iqneba gegmis darCenilperiodSi. gegmaSi Sefaseba unda mieces monitoringis programebis ganxorcielebiT miRebuliSedegebis sandoobisa da sizustis xarisxs.2.4.2. dakvirvebiTi monitoringimizanidakvirvebiT monitorings unda gaaCndes Semdegi miznebi:- ganavrcos da daamtkicos zegavlenebis Sefasebis procedura;- warmoadginos informacia im grZelvadiani tendenciebis Sefasebis procesisaTvis, romlebicwarmoadgenen rogorc bunebrivi pirobebis SecvliT, aseve, adamianis saqmianobiT gamowveulSedegs.monitoringis ubnebis SerCevaSerCeuli unda iqnes monitoringis ubnebis sakmarisi raodenoba wylis obietis TiToeuliqvemoCamoTvlili tipisaTvis:- wylis obieqtebi, romlebic II danarTis Sesabamisad Catarebuli daxasiaTebis Sedegadidentificirebulebi arian, rogorc riskis qveS mdgomi obieqtebi;- wylis obieqtebi, romlebic kveTen wevri qveynis sazRvars.parametrebis SerCevayvela SerCeuli miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis monitoringi unda moicavdes Semdeg ZiriTad parametrebs:- Jangbadis Semcveloba- pH- gamtaroba- nitratebi- amoniumiwylis im obieqtebs, romlebic II danarTis Sesabamisad identificirebulebi arian kargi mdgomareobismiuRwevlobis realuri riskis winaSe mdgar obieqtebad, aseve unda CautardeT monitoringi imparametrebis mixedviT, romlebic warmoadgenen am riskis mizezebs.transsasazRvro wylis obieqtebs unda CautardeT monitoringi im parametrebis mixedviT, romlebsacmniSvneloba aqvT miwisqveSa wylebis dacvis TvalsazrisiT.2.4.3. operatiuli monitoringimizanioperatiuli monitoringi unda Catardes dakvirvebiTi monitoringis programebs Soris periodebSi daunda hqondes Semdegi miznebi:- gansazRvros yvela im wylis obieqtis an obieqtTa jgufebis qimiuri mdgomareoba, romlebicidentificirebulebi arian riskis qveS mdgom wylis obieqtebad an obieqtTa jgufebad;- gamoavlinos nebismieri damabinZurebeli nivTierebis koncentraciis zrdis nebismieri isgrZelvadiani tendencia, romelsac gaaCnia anTropogenuli xasiaTi.monitoringis ubnebis SerCevaoperatiuli monitoringi unda ganxorcieldes im wylis obieqtebis an obieqtTa jgufebisaTvis,romlebic, rogorc II danarTis Sesabamisad zemoqmedebis Sefasebis, aseve, dakvirvebiTi monitoringissafuZvelze, identificirebulebi arian me-4 muxliT gansazRvruli miznebis miuRwevlobis riskismqoned. monitoringis ubnebis SerCevisas, aseve, unda moxdes imis Sefaseba, Tu ramdenad asaxavscalkeuli ubnis monitoringis monacemebi Sesabamisi miwisqveSa obieqtis an obieqtebis xarisxs.80


monitoringis sixSireoperatiuli monitoringi unda ganxorcieldes dakvirvebiTi monitoringis programebs Sorisperiodebis ganmavlobaSi im sixSiriT, romelic sakmarisi iqneba Sesabamis zemoqmedebaTagamosavlenad, minimum weliwadSi erTxel mainc.2.4.4. damabinZurebel nivTierebeTan dakavSirebuli tendenciebis dadgenawevrma qveynebma anTropogenuli faqtorebiT gamowveuli damabinZurebeli nivTierebebiskoncentraciis rogorc grZelvadiani, aseve sapirispiro tendenciebis gansazRvrisas, undagamoiyenon rogorc dakvirvebiTi, aseve operatiuli monitoringis monacemebi. saWiroa ganisazRvrosaTvlis weli an periodi, romlidanac daiwyeba tendenciebis gamovlena. tendenciebis gamoTvla undamoxdes miwisqveSa wylis obieqtisaTvis an, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, obieqtTa jgufebisaTvis.sapirispiro tendenciis gamovlena statistikurad unda iqnes demonstrirebuli. aseve, miTiTebuliunda iqnes tendenciis identifikaciasTan dakavSirebuli sandoobis xarisxi.2.4.5. miwisqveSa wylebis qimiur mdgomareobaze informaciis interpretacia da prezentaciamdgomareobis Sefasebisas, miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis calkeul ubnebze Catarebuli monitoringisSedegebi unda Seikribos, raTa moxdes mTliani wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis Sefaseba. aRniSnulidireqtivebis debulebebis darRvevis gareSe, miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis kargi mdgomareobis miRwevismizniT, im qimiuri parametrebisaTvis, romlebisTvisac Tanamegobrobis kanonmdeblobiT dadgeniliaekologiuri xarisxis standartebi:- gamoTvlili unda iqnes miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis an obieqtTa jgufebis TiToeul ubanzeCatarebuli monitoringis Sedegebis saSualo mniSvnelobebi;- me-17 muxlis Sesabamisad, es saSualo sidideebi gamoyenebuli unda iqnes miwisqveSa wylisobieqtis karg qimiur mdgomareobasTan Sesabamisobis demonstrirebisaTvis.2.5 punqtis Sesabamisad, wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon miwisqveSa wylebis qimiuri mdgomareobisamsaxveli ruqa, qvemoT mocemuli feradi kodirebiT:“kargi” - mwvane“cudi” - wiTeliwevrma qveynebma ruqaze Savi wertiliT unda aRniSnon wylis is obieqtebi, romlebic avlenenadamianis saqmianobis Sedegad gamowveul nebismieri damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis koncentraciebissagrZnobi da stabiluri zrdis tendencias. sapirispiro tendencia ruqaze aRniSnuli unda iqneslurji wertiliT. es ruqebi Setanili unda iqnes mdinaris auzis marTvis gegmaSi.2.5. miwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobaze informaciis warmodgenawevrma qveynebma mdinaris maseinis marTvis gegmaSi unda warmoadginon ruqa, romelic asaxavsTiToeuli miwisqveSa wylis obieqtis an miwisqvveSa obieqtebis jgufebis rogorc raodenobriv, aseveqimiur mdgomareobas feradi kodirebiT, 2.2.4 da 2.4.5 punqtebi moTxovnebis Sesabamisad. wevrmaqveynebma SeiZleba ar warmoadginon 2.2.4 da 2.4.5 punqtebiT gaTvaliswinebuli calkeuli ruqebi,magram, am SemTxvevaSi, 2.4.5 punqtis moTxovnebis Sesabamisad ruqaze unda aRniSnon am punqtiTmoTxovnili is wylis obieqtebi, romlebic avlenen nebismieri damabinZurebeli nivTierebiskoncentraciis mniSvnelovani da mdgradi zrdis tendencias an sapirispiro tendencias.______________________81


danarTi VIRonisZiebaTa programaSi Sesatan RonisZiebaTa CamonaTvalinawili ARonisZiebebi, romelTa gatareba savaldebuloa Semdegi direqtivebis farglebSi:(i) direqtiva sacurao wyalsatevebis Sesaxeb (76/160/EEC);(ii) direqtiva frivnelTa Sesaxeb (79/409/EEC);(iii) direqtiva sasmeli wylis Sesaxeb (80/778/EEC), (98/83/EC) direqtivaSi Setanili cvlilebebisSesabamisad;(iv) direqtiva didmasStabiani avariuli situaciebis Sesaxeb (96/82/EC);(v) direqtiva ekologiuri zemoqmedebis Sefasebis Sesaxeb (85/337/EEC);(vi) direqtiva Camdinare lamis Sesaxeb (86/278/EEC);(vii) direqtiva qalaqebis Camdinare wylebis gawmendis Sesaxeb (91/271/EEC);(viii) direqtiva mcenareTa dacvis saSualebebad gamoyenebuli nivTierebebis Sesaxeb (91/414/EEC);(ix) direqtiva nitratebis Sesaxeb (91/676/EEC);(x) direqtiva sabinadro garemos Sesaxeb (92/43/EEC);(xi) direqtiva dabinZurebis Tavidan acilebis integrirebuli kontrolis Sesaxeb (96/61/EC);nawili BqvemoT moyvanilia damatebiTi RonisZiebebis SeuzRudavi CamonaTvali, romelTa gamoyeneba,evrogaerTianebis wevri saxelmwifoebis survilis SemTxvevaSi, SesaZlebelia me-11 muxlis me-4punqtiT gansazRvruli RonisZiebaTa programis nawilad, mdinaris auzis TiToeuli raonisfarglebSi:(i) sakanonmdeblo berketebi(ii) administraciuli berketebi(iii) ekonomikuri da finansuri berketebi(iv) ganxilvas daqvemdebarebuli garemosdacviTi SeTanxmebebi(v) emisiebis kontroli(vi) dadebiTi praqtikis kodeqsi(vii) rekreacia da Warbteniani teritoriebis aRdgena(viii) wyalaRebis kontroli(ix) marTvis aucilebeli RonisZiebebi, maT Soris adaptirebuli soflis meurneoba, mag., gvalvianraionebSi im kulturebis moyvana, romlebic ar Txouloben intensiur morwyvas(x) efeqturobis zrdisa da meoradi gamoyenebis RonisZiebebi, mag.: wylis damzogaviteqnologiebis danergva mrewvelobasa da soflis meurneobaSi(xi) mSeneblobis proeqtebi(xii) mtknari wylis mwarmoebeli qarxnebi(xiii) aRdgenis proeqtebi(xiv) wyalSemcveli fenebis xelovnuri Sevseba(xv) ganmanaTlebeli proeqtebi(xvi) kvleviTi, saCvenebeli da ganviTarebis proeqtebi(xvii) sxva aucilebeli RonisZiebebi--------------------------------82


danarTi VIImdinareTa auzebis marTvis gegmebiA. mdinareTa auzebis marTvis gegmebi unda moicavdnen Semdeg elementebs:1. mdianaris auzis raionis zogad daxasiaTebas me-5 muxlisa da II danarTis Sesabamisad, romelicunda Seicavdes:1.1 zedapiruli wylebisTvis:_ wyalsatevis ganlagebis adgilisa da sazRvrebis asaxvas rukaze,_ ekoregionebisa da mdinaris auzis farglebSi zedapiruli wyalsatevebis tipebis asaxvas rukaze,_ zedapiruli wyalsatevebisaTvis sawyisi pirobebis gansazRvras;1.2 miwisqveSa wylebisTvis_ miwisqveSa wyalsatevis ganlagebis adgilisa da sazRvrebis asaxvas rukaze;2. mniSvnelovani uaryofiTi faqtorebisa da zedapirul da miwisqveSa wylebis mdgomareobazeantorpogenuri zemoqmedebis aRweras, iseTi aspeqtebis CaTvliT, rogoricaa:_ wertilovani dabinZurebis Sefaseba,_ difuziuri dabinZurebis Sefaseba, miwaTsargeblobis sqemis mokle aRweris CaTvliT,_ wylis raodenobriv mdgomareobaze zemoqmedebis Sefaseba, wylaRebis Sefasebis CaTvliT;3. daculi teritoriebis gansazRvrasa da maT asaxvas rukaze me-6 muxlisa da IV danarTismoTxovnaTa Sesabamisad;4. me-8 muxlisa da V danarTis moTxovnaTa Sesasruleblad Seqmnili monitoringis qselebisamsaxveli rukebi, agreTve am dokumentebis moTxovnaTa Sesabamisad wylebis mdgomareobisgansazRvrisaTvis Seqmnili monitoringis programebis Sedegebis amsaxveli rukebi:4.1 zedapiruli wylebis (ekologiuri da qimiuri mdgomareoba);4.2 miwiqveSa wylebi (qimiuri da raodenobrivi statusi);4.3 daculi eritoriebis5. zedapiruli, miwisqveSa wylebisTvis da daculi teritoriebisTvis me-4 muxliT gansazRvruligaremosdaviTi miznebis CamonaTvals, kerZod, im SemTxvevebis miTiTebis CaTvliT, rodesacgamoyenebul iqna me-4 muxlis me-4, me-5, me-6 da me-7 punqtebi da maTTan dakavSirebuli am muxliTgansazRvruli informacia;6. wylis gamoyenebis ekonomikuri analizis mokle mimoxilvas, me-5 muxlisa da III danarTisSesabamisad;7. me-11 muxlis safuZvelze ganxorcilebul RonisZiebaTa programis an programebis moklemimoxilvas, me-4 muxliT gansazRvruli miznebis miRwevis gzebis mokle aRweris CaTvliT;7.1 evrogaerTianebis kanonmdeblobis wylis dacvis Taobaze moTxovnaTa Sesasrulebladganxorcielebuli RonisZiebebis mokle aRweras;7.2 angariSs, me-9 muxlis Sesabamisad wylis gamoyenebaze gaweuli xarjebis asanazRaurebladgadagmuli praqtikuli nabijebisa da miRebuli zomebis Sesaxeb;7.3 me-7 muxlis moTxovnaTa Sesasruleblad gamiznuli RonisZiebebis mokle aRweras;7.4 wyalsacavebSi wyalaRebisa da wylis maragis Sevsebis kontrolis RonisZiebaTa mokle aRweras,me-11 muxlis me-3 punqtis "e" qvepunqtis moTxovnaTa Sesrulebisgan ganTavisuflebis SemTxvevaTamiTiTebiT;7.5 wertilovani dabinZurebis da wylis mdgomareobaze uaryofiTi zegavlenis mqone sxva saxissaqmianobaze me-11 muxlis me-3 punqtis "z" da "T" qvepunqtebis Sesabamisad gatarebul kontrolisRonisZiebaTa mokle aRweras;7.6 im SemTxvevaTa aRweras, rodesac pidapiri CaSveba miwisqveSa wylebSi dasaSvebad iqna miCneuli me-11 muxlis me-3 punqtis "k" qvepunqtis debulebis Sesabamisad;7.7 me-16 muxlis Sesabamisad prioritetul nivTierebaTa mimarT gatarebul RonisZiebaTa mokleaRweras;7.8 avariuli dabinZurebis uaryofiTi zemoqmedebis Tavidan acilebis an Serbilebis RonisZiebaTamokle aRweras;7.9 im wyalsatevebis mimarT me-11 muxlis me-5 punqtis Sesabamisad gatarebuli RonisZiebaTa mokleaRweras, romlebisTvisac naklebad savaraudoa me-4 muxliT dadgenil miznebTan Sesabamisoba;83


7.10 garemosdacviTi miznebis Sesasruleblad aucilebeli damatebiTi RonisZiebebis detaluraRweras;7.11 me-11 muxlis me-6 punqtis Sesabamisad zRvis dabinZurebis zrdis RonisZiebaTa detalur aRweras;8. mdinareTa auzebis raionebis sxva danarCeni programebisa da marTvis gegmebis CamonaTvals,romlebic exeba calkeul sub-auzebs, seqtorebs, gamomaval arxebs, an wylis tipebs, maTi Sinaarsismokle aRweriT;9. mosaxleobisaTvis miwodebuli informaciisa da Catarebuli sakonsultacio RonisZiebebis, maTiSedegebisa da marTvis gegmaSi Setanili Sesabamisi cvlilebebis mokle aRweras;10. kompetenturi organoebis CamonaTvals I danarTis moTxovnaTa Sesabamisad;11. sakontaqto wyaroebs da me-14 muxlis 1 punqtSi moyvanili sawyisi informaciis miRebisprocedurebs, romelic, kerZod, exeba kontrolis RonisZiebebs, gatarebuls me-11 muxlis me-3 punqtis"z" da "i" qvepunqtebis Sesabamisad da monitoringis faqtiur monacemebs, Segrovebuls me-8 muxlisada V danarTis Sesabamisad;B. mdinareTa auzebis marTvis gegmis pirveli damuSavebuli versia da yvela sxva gadamuSavebuliversiebis unda moicavdnen:1. mdinareTa auzebis marTvis gegmis winamorbedi variantis gamoqveynebidan nebismieri cvlilebebisada damatebebis mokle aRweras, me-4 muxlis me-4, me-5, me-6 da me-7 punqtebiT gaTvaliswinebulimimoxilvebis mokle aRweris CaTvliT;2. garemosdacviTi miznebis Sesrulebis miRwevaTa Sefasebas, winamorbedi gegmis SesrulebisperiodSi Catarebuli monitoringis Sedegebis rulis saxiT warmodgenis CaTvliT da im mizezebisganmartebas, romlebmac xeli SeuSales garemosdacviTi miznebis miRwevas;3. dagegmili, magram mdinareTa auzebis marTvis ufro adrindeli gegmis farglebSi arganxorcilebuli RonisZiebebis mokle aRweras da Sesabamis ganmartebebs;4. mdinareTa auzebis marTvis winamorbedi gegmis gamoqveynebis momentidan me-11 muxlis me-5 punqtisSesabamisad gatarebuli yvela damatebiTi Sualeduri RonisZiebebis mokle aRweras.------------------------------84


danarTi VIIIZiriTadi dambinZurebeli nivTierebebis miaxloebiTi CamonaTvali1. organohalogenuri naerTebi da nivTierebebi, romlebsac SeuZliaT wylis garemoSi aseTi naerTebisSeqmna.2. fosfororganuli nivTierebebi.3. kalaorganuli nivTierebebi.4. nivTierebebi da preparatebi an im naerTTa daSlis produqtebi, romlebsac, mtkicebulebiT,gaaCniaT kancerogenuli an mutagenuri Tvisebebi, aseve Tvisebebi, romlebsac wylis garemosmeSveobiT SeuZliaT zegavlena moaxdinon adamianis organizmis steroidul da reproduqciulfunqciaze, farisebri jirkvalis funqciaze an endokrinul sistemasTan dakavSirebul sxvafunqciebze.5. mdgradi naxSirwyalbadebi, mdgradi da bioakumulaciis unaris mqone organuli toqsikurinivTierebebi.6. cianidebi.7. metalebi da maTi naerTebi.8. dariSxani da misi naerTebi.9. biocidebi da mcenareTa dacvis saSualebebi.10. Sewonil mdgomareobaSi myofi masalebi.11. evtrofikaciis xelSemwyobi nivTierebebi (kerZod, nitratebi da fisfatebi).12. nivTierebebi, romlebic uaryofiTad moqmedeben Jangbadis balansze (romelTa gazomvaSesaZlebelia


danarTi IXemisiebisnzRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentraciebi da xarisxis ekologiuri standartebi76/464/EEC direqtivis farglebSi dawesebuli zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentraciebi da xarisxismiznebi ganixileba rogorc emisiebis zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentraciebi da ekologiuristandartebi am direqtivis miznebis miRwevisas. isini dadgenilia qvemoT moyvanili direqtivebiT:(i) 82/176/EEC direqtiva vercxliswylis CaSvebis Sesaxeb;(ii) 83/513/EEC direqtiva kadmiumis CaSvebis Sesaxeb;(iii) 84/156/EEC direqtiva vercxliswylis Sesaxeb;(iv) 84/491/EEC direqtiva heqsaqlorcikloheqsanis CaSvebis Sesaxeb;(v) 86/280/EEC direqtiva saSiSi nivTierebebis CaSvebis Sesaxeb;-----------------------------------86


danarTi Xprioritetuli nivTirebebiList of Priority Pollutants(Annex Х of Water Framework Directive)(nivTierebebi, romlebic ar unda Sediodnen wylis obieqtis wylis SemadgenlobaSi)1. Alachlor2. Anthracene3. Atrazine4. Benzene5. Brominated diphenylethers6. Cadmium and its compounds X7. chloroalkanes8. Chlorfenvinphos9. Chlorpyrifos10. 1,2-Dichloroethane11. Dichloromethane12. Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate13. Diuron14. Endosulfan(alpha-endosulfan)15. Fluoranthene16. Hexachlorobenzene17. Hexachlorobutadiene18. Hexachlorocyclohexane(gamma-isomer, Lindane)19. Isoproturon20. Lead and its compounds21. Mercury and its compounds22. Naphthalene23. Nickel24. Nonylphenols(4-(para)-nonylphenol)25. Octylphenols(para-tert-octylphenol)26. Pentachlorobenzene27. Pentachlorophenol28. Polyaromatic hydrocarbons(Benzo(a)pyrene),(Benzo(b)fluoranthene),(Benzo(g,h,i)perylene),(Benzo(k)fluoranthene),(Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene)29. Simazine30. Tributyltin compounds(Tributyltin-cation)31. Trichlorobenzenes(1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene)32. Trichloromethane (Chloroform)33. Trifluralin----------------------------87

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