Life in Australia - Khmer - Department of Immigration & Citizenship

immi.gov.au

Life in Australia - Khmer - Department of Immigration & Citizenship

Khmer

CIvitrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI


© Commonwealth of Australia 2007

kicÕkarenH®tUvVnrkßasiTiÏ.

e®kAGMBIkare®bI®Vs’NamYyEdlVnGnuBaÔat[enAe®kamc∫ab’rkßasiTiÏ q~aM1968

(Copyright Act 1968) BuMmanEp~kNamYy®tUvVnpliteLIgvij tamrebobNamYy

edayKµankarGnuBaÔatCalaylk≈N_GkßrCamunBIshB&nÏeLIy.

cMeBaHkares~IsuM nigkarsaksYrTak’TinnwgkarpliteLIgvij ehIynigsiTiÏKb∫IbBaÇËneTA:

Commonwealth Copyright Administration

Attorney General’s Department

Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit,

Barton ACT 2600

…ep∆ItamviubsayenA®tg’ www.ag.gov.au/cc

ISBN 978 1 921446 46 7

eVHBumıpßayenAExtula q~aM2007

kareVHBumıpßayenHGacTTYlykVnenAtamGuIneFINitCaPasaGg’eK¬s nigPasashKmn_mYycMnYn

eTot. esck† Icm¬g´nkareVHBumıpßayenHGaces~ IsuMVnenAtamviubsay

www.immi.gov.au.

rUbsBaÔaG~kbkE®bPasa KWCarUbsBaÔap∂l’B&t·mandl’saFarN:Cnk~¨g®beTsEdlVnbeg˚IteLIg

eday®ksYgkicÕkarBhuvb∫Fm·rdΩvictUrIya‘ k~¨gPaBCa´dKUCamYyrdΩaPiVlshB&nÏ rdΩ nigEdndI.

rUbsBaÔaenHp∂l’nUvrebobbg˙ajgay®sYlmYy sMrab’®bCaBlrdΩEdlBuMsUvecHniyayPasaGg’eK¬s

edIm∫I[eKGaces~IsuMCMnYyEp~kPasa eBlNaeKe®bI®Vs’kicçbMerIrbs’rdΩaPiVl.

elakG~kGaceXIjrUbsBaÔaenH mandak’enAtamTIkEn¬gTaMgLayEdlp∂l’kicçbMerI nigB&t·manrbs’

rdΩaPiVl nigshKmn_dUcCamnÊIreBT¥saFarN: sƒanIyb‘Ulis salaeronrdΩ mCŒmNÎlshKmn_

kariyal&yp†l’TIlMenA nigkargarsala®kug nigmCŒmNÎlp�t’p�g’FnFanCnGen∂aCn®bevsn_.

rUbsBaÔaG~kbkE®bPasa VnTTYlkarebIksemıaFenAk~¨grdΩvictUrIya‘ k~¨gEx”sPa q~aM2006.


matikaerOg

buB√kfa 1

esck∂IEf¬gGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

2

esck∂IEf¬gGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

sMrab’G~kdak’Bak¥suMTidΩakarbeN∂aHGasn~

3

t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI 4

t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_rYmbBaÕËlK~a

4

esrIPaBCamUldΩan 4

®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂Iseg≈b

8

karBit nigtYrelx 10

nimit∂rUbCati 11

®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ 14

GakasFatu 14

bridΩan 15

CnCatiGU®s∂alIdMbUg 15

CnCatiGWr‘ ubdMbUg 16

kMeNIt´n®beTsCati 17

≤TiΩBl´ns®g�am

18

vibulPaB nigkarp¬as’b† Ër 20

®bCaBlrdΩEdlehA®beTsGU®s∂alIfaCaPUmikMeNIt 20

lTΩi®bCaFibety¥

nigrdΩaPiVl 21

sg�mGU®s∂alIk~ ¨geBlbcÕ¨

¨b∫n~enH 26

c∫ab’ nigTMenomTm¬ab’sg�m 26

karp¬as’b† Ër´ntYnaTIrbs’®KYsar 30

etImanBlrdΩGU®s∂alIEdlmanlk≈N:EbbbTFmµta…eT? 30

PasaGg’eK¬s ‘GU®s∂alI ‘ 31

BiFIbuN¥epßg@ nig´f©buN¥Qb’sMrak 33

kILa karkMsan∂ nigsil∫: 34

G~kVnsMerceCaKC&y nigG~kbeg˚Its~a´dfµ

I@Ep~kviT¥asa®s∂ 35

karrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI 36

kargar nigl&k≈x&NÎkargar 36

Ep~kTIlMenA 37

®Vk’sg�mkicÕ 37

´f¬B¥aVlenAtammnÊIreBT¥

nig´f¬f~aMeBT¥ 38

f~ak’be®gonPasaGg’eK¬s 39

CMnYyEp~kbkE®bPasa 39

Ep~kGb’rM 40

b&NêbIkbrrfyn∂ 40

B&t·manTak’TgsMxan’@ 40

karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI 42

siTΩí

nPaBcUlCasBaÇati 42

karTTYlxus®tUv 42


uB√kfa

esovePAenHmaneKalbMNgsMrab’Gs’G~kEdlkMBugdak’Bak¥suMTidΩakaredIm∫IeTArs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alICaGcí ®n∂y_ …CabeN∂aHGasn~. vap∂l’nUv

esck∂Iseg≈bGMBI®beTsGU®s∂alI

®bvt∂isa®s∂

vb∫Fm·rs’enA nigt´m¬sIlFm·EdleyIgral’K~aEckrMElkrYmK~a.

CaEp~k´ndMeNIrkardak’Bak¥suMTidΩakar

G~kdak’Bak¥suMTidΩakarCae®cIn®tUvbBaÇak’[Vnc∫as’faeKnwgeKarBt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

nigeKarBc∫ab’GU®s∂alI.

t´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alImanrYmTaMgkareKarBcMeBaHt´m¬esµIPaBK~a, PaB´f¬f~Ër nigesrIPaBrbs’buK�lm~ak’@, esrIPaBk~¨gkarniyays∂I, esrIPaB´nCM

enOsasna nigrdΩaPiVlEdlBuMTak’TinnwgCMenOsasna esrIPaBedIm∫IcUlrYmK~a karCYy®T®Tg’lTÏi®bCaFibety¥tamEbbsPa nigeKarBnIti

rdΩ smPaBEdlmanenAtamp¬Ëvc∫ab’ smPaB´nburs nig®s∂I smPaB´nkarman{kasesµIK~a nigPaBsuxsan†. t´m¬enaHeTotesatrYmmanpg

EdrnUvsµartIyl’dwgnUvsmPaBrbs’mnusß®Kb’rUb EdlTTYlykbTdΩan´nGt∂crit®bkbedaykti∂ys

kareKarBK~aeTAvijeTAmk karGt’{n

nigesck∂IGaNitGasUrcMeBaHG~kx√Hxat nigkartamcab’yknUvkicçkarlÌ@rbs’saFarNCn.

enHKWCakarsMxan’edIm∫I[Vnyl’dwgpgEdrfa PasaGg’eK¬sKWCaPasaCati ehIyvaCakt∂ab®gYbb®gYmya‘gsMxan’´nsg�mGU®s∂alI.

Gs’G~kEdlrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIVnmYyry:eBlmkehIy GacEs√gyl’pgEdrfaesovePAenHman®beyaCn_ CaBiesscMeBaHGs’G~kEdl

eFI√karCamYyCnGen∂a®bevsn_

…G~kEdlmansac’jati …mit∂Pk† ieTIbmkdl’®beTsGU®s∂alIfµ I@.

rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIelIkTwkcit∂G~ktaMglMenAdΩanfµ I@[eronVne®cIn EdleKGaceF√IeTAVn

GMBI®beTsfµ I@rbs’eK ekr† i_dMENl

®beTs Pasa

TMenomTm¬ab’ t´m¬sIlFm· nigrebobrs’enA ehIydak’Bak¥suMcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

eBlNaeKmansiTiÏ

ehIyrYmcMENkenAk~ ¨gsg�mGU®s∂alI[Vn

qab’ eTAtamlTÏPaBEdlGaceF√IeTAVn.

®bsinebIelakG~keTIbGeBaÇIjmkdl’fµ

I@ eyIgsUms√aKmn_mkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alI. elakG~knwgrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsmYyEdlmanesƒrPaB

PaBcMrugcMerIn ehIykan’lTÏi®bCaFibety¥.

elakG~knwgcUlrYmpgEdrCamYynwgPaBcMruHxagEp~kvb∫Fm· k*b‘ uEn∂k~ ¨gsg�mmYyEdlmanPaBTak’TinK~aekItecjBIBlrdΩGU®s∂alIEdlmansavtae®cIn

xus@K~a ehIyEdlb®gYbb®gYmedayt´m¬sIlFm· nigPaBTTYlxus®tUvEdlVndak’bBaÕËlrYmK~a.

®bsinebIelakG~kcg’dwg[e®cInEfmeTot

sMrab’B&t·manGMBI®bFanCak’lak’ sUmebIkemIlviubsayEdlBak’B&nÏ

nig®bPBd´TepßgeTotEdlmancuHenAk~ ¨gesovePAenH.

cMeBaHkarENnaMs∂IGMBIkarrs’enA

nigkargarenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI sUmebIkemIlEp~k (Living in Australia) (karrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI)

enAtamviubsayrbs’®ksYgGen∂a®bevsn_

nigkarcUlsBaÇati (DIAC) (www.immi.gov.au).

cMeBaHB&t·manBis†arbEnƒmeTots∂IGMBIkartaMgTIlMenAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI sUmebIkemIllMdab’´nkUnesovePAp∂l’B&t·manTaMgLayehAfa Beginning a

Life in Australia (karcab’ep† ImCIvitrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s†alI) k*GacTTYlykVnpgEdrenAtamviubsay

DIAC. kUnesovePAp∂l’B&t·man

TaMgenHmanCaPasaGg’eK¬s nigPasaCae®cIneTot ehIyesovePAenHmanB&t·manxus@K~asMrab’rdΩ nigEdndInImYy@k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. sMrab’B&t·man

nigkarTak’TgenAtamtMbn’d*man®beyaCn_ sUmebIkemIlkUnesovePAEdlBak’B&nÏnwgrdΩ …EdndIEdlelakG~kbMrugnwgrs’enA.

®bsinebIelakG~k®tUvVnGnuBaÔatyl’®BmenAe®kamkmµviFImnusßFm·enAe®kA®beTs elakG~k®tUvVnelIkTwkcit∂[cUlrYmenAk~ ¨gkmµviFIENnaMGMBI

vb∫Fm·GU®s∂alI (AUSCO) munnwgecjmkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alI. kmµviFIEdlp∂l’B&t·manGMBIkareFI√dMeNIrmkkan’

nigkartaMgTIlMenAk~ ¨g®beTs

GU®s∂alI KWeF√IeLIgenAtamkEn¬gepßg@k~

¨gtMbn’GasIu

Ga®h√ik

nigmCŒwmbUB·a.

esck† Icm¬gbEnƒm´nesovePAenH GacTTYlykVnBI®ksYgGen∂a®bevsn_ nigkarcUlsBaÇati …tamkares~ IsuM

…BIviubsayrbs’®ksYg.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | buB√kfa

1


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | esck∂

IEf¬gs∂

IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI 2

2

esck∂

IEf¬gs†

IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

(Australian Values Statements)

esck∂IEf¬gs∂IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

sMrabíG~kdakíBak¥suMTidÏakarbeN∂aH

Gasn~ nigGcí ®n∂y_

G~kdakíBak¥su MTidÏakarbeN∂aHGasn~ Gcí ®n∂y_ nigTidÏakarbeN∂aHGasn~mYycMnYntUc ®tUvVnt®mUv[Gan …VnTTYlkarBn¥lí®Vb’nUvB&t·man

EdlVnp∂líedayrdÏaPiVlGU®s∂alIs∂IGMBICIvitenAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI EdlmancuHenAk~ ¨gesovePAenH. G~kdakíBak¥suMTidÏakarTaMgenHk*®tUv

Vnes~ IsuMpgEdr[eKmankarylídwgnUvG√IEdlCatMrUvkarBIrUbeK

ebIsine®kay@mkeKdakíBak¥suMcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI.

esck∂IEf¬genHmandakí

bBaÕËlenAk~

¨gBak¥suMTidÏakarEdlVnb‘HBal’enHEdr

ehIyG~kdakíBak¥TaMgGsíEdlmanGayu18q~aM …elIsBIenH nwgcaMVcí®tUvcuHhtƒelxa

elIesck∂IEf¬genH.

esck∂IEf¬gs†

IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

elakG~k®tUvEtcuHhtƒelxaelIesck∂IEf¬genH

®bsinebIelakG~kmanGayu 18 q~aM …elIsBIenH.

x∆¨¨MsUmbBaÇakífa

x∆¨¨MVnGan

…VnTTYlkarBn¥lí®Vb’nUvB&t·manEdlp∂líCUnedayrdÏaPiVlGU®s∂alI s∂IGMBIsg�m

ehIynigt´m¬

sIlFm·GU®s∂alI.

x∆¨¨Mdwgfa:

• sg�mGU®s∂alI[t´m¬cMeBaHkareKarBeTAelIesrIPaB nigPaB´f¬f~ ËrbsíbuK�lm~akí@ esrIPaB ´nCMenOsasna

kareb∂C∆aeKarBnItirdÏ lTÏi®bCaFibety¥tamEbbsPa

smPaB´nburs nig®s∂I

nigsµartIylídwgnUvsmPaBrbsí

mnusß®KbírUbEdlTTYlyknUvkareKarBK~aeTAvijeTAmk karGtí{n bTdÏan´nGt∂crit®bkbedaykit∂ iys nig

esck∂ IGaNitGasUrcMeBaHG~kx√Hxat nigkartamcab’yknUvkicçkarlÌ@rbs’saFarNCn.

• sg�mGU®s∂alI[t´m¬dl’{kassmPaBsMrabíbuK�lm~akí@edayminKitBICatisasn_ sasna nigsavtaCatiBnÏeLIy.

• PasaGgíeK¬sCaPasaCati KWCakt∂ab®gYbb®gYmd*sMxaní´nsg�mGU®s∂alI.

x∆ MsUmsn¥afanwgeKarBt´m¬sIlFm·´nsg�mGU®s†alI ¨¨

k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨geBls~ak’enArbs’x∆ MenAk~ ¨ ¨g®beTsGU®s†alI ehIyeKarBtamc∫ab’

´n®beTsGU®s†alI.

x¨¨∆Mdwgfa

®bsinebIx∆¨¨MKb∫Icg’cUlCasBaÇatiGU®s∂alI:

• sBaÇatiGU®s∂alIKWCaGt†sBaÔaNmYyEdlVnekIteLIgedaykardakíEckrMElkrYmK~a CacMNgTMnak’TMngrYmK~amYy

Edlb®gYbb®gYmBlrdÏGU®s∂alITaMgGsí k~ ¨gxN:mankareKarBPaBcMruHrbsíx¬ Án.

• sBaÇatiGU®s∂alITak’Tinnwgkarp∂lísiTiÏ

nigPaBTTYlxus®tUveTAvijeTAmk. PaBTTYlxus®tUv´nsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

manrYmTaMgkareKarBc∫abíGU®s∂alI rabíbBaÕËlTaMgGs’G~kTak’TinnwgeVHeq~at

enAeBleVHeq~at nigkicçbMerICaKN:

vinicœ&y.

• ®bsinebIx∆¨¨MbMeBjlk≈N:sm∫t∂itamc∫abísMrabíkarcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

ehIykardak’Bak¥suMrbsíx∆¨¨M®tUvVnTTYlylí

®Bm x∆¨¨Mdwgfax∆¨¨Mnwgsn¥anUvPk∂IPaBrbsíx∆¨¨McMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI

ehIynigBlrdÏrbsí®beTsenH.


cMeBaHkardakíBak¥suMtamGIuneFINit

G~kdakíBak¥suMTidÏakarcMbg

nwg®tUves~ IsuM[e®CIsykkEn¬gcucmYyEdlbBaÇak’®Vb’fa

’yes’ (VT/cas)

… ’no’ (eT) eTAnwgt´m¬´nesck∂IEf¬g.

®bsinebIkardakíBak¥suMenHmanrYmbBaÕËlTaMgkUnenAe®kambnʨkEdlmanGayu

18 q~aM …elIsBIenH

enaHmanvK�®beyaKbEnƒmeTotk~ ¨gesck∂IEf¬genHEdlEcgfa:

Cnd´TeTotTaMgGsíEdlVndakíbBaÕËlenAk~

¨gBak¥suMenHEdlmanGayu

18 q~aM …elIsBIenH VnCMrab®Vb’x∆¨¨MfaeKVnGan

…VnTTYlkarBn¥lí®Vb’nUvB&t·man EdlVnp∂líCUnedayrdÏaPiVlGU®s∂alIs∂IGMBIsg�m

ehIynigt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

ehIyyl’®sbnwgesck∂IEf¬gxagelIenH.

k~ ¨gkal:eTs:TaMgenH G~kdakíBak¥suMTidÏakarkMBugeFI√esck∂IEf¬gk~

¨gnamx¬ ÁneKpÊal’ nigkUnenAe®kambnʨkrbsíeK.

esck∂ IEf¬gs∂ IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI sMrabíG~kdakíBak¥su MTidÏakarbeN∂aHGasn~

G~kdakíBak¥suMTidÏakarEdlb‘HBal’enaH

®tUvEtcuHhtƒelxaelIesck∂IEf¬gs∂IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alIpgEdr.

esck† IEf¬grbsíeKmandakí

bBaÕËlenAk~

¨gEp~k´nesck∂I®bkasCaTUeTA´nkarBak¥suMenaH

dUec~HkarcuHhtƒelxaelIBak¥suMenH

k*mann&yEdrfaesck∂IEf¬gs∂IGMBIt´m¬sIl

Fm·GU®s∂alI®tUvVncuHhtƒelxapgEdr. G~kdakíBak¥TaMgenHnwgmint®mUv[GanesovePAenHeT k*b‘ uEn∂eKGacGanVnEdr ®bsinebIeK®Vf~a

cgíGan.

esck∂IEf¬gs∂IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alIxage®kamenH

mandakíbBaçËlenAk~

¨gesÊIrEt®KbíTaMgBak¥suMTidÏakarbeN∂aHGasn~:

x∆¨¨MnwgeKarBt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s†alI

dUcEdlVnraycuHenAk~ ¨gBak¥suMenH

k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨geBls~ak’enArbs’x∆¨MenAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s†alI

ehIynwgeKarBc∫ab’´n®beTsGU®s†alI.

cMeBaHkardakíBak¥suMtamGIuneFINit

esck∂IEf¬genHKWxusK~abn∂ic:

x∆¨¨MnwgeKarBt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s†alI

dUcEdlVnrayenAxagedIm´nBak¥suMenH

k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨geBls~ak’enArbs’x∆¨MenAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s†alI

ehIynwgeKarBtamc∫ab’´n®beTsGU®s†alI.

cMeBaHkardakíBak¥suMtamGIuneFINit

kEn¬gEdlmankUnenAe®kambnʨkEdlmanGayu

18 q~aM …elIsBIenH manvK�bEnƒmmYyenAk~ ¨g

esck∂IEf¬g

enHEdlEcgfa:

Cn®KbírUbd´TeTotTaMgGsíEdlVndakíbBaÕËlenAk~

¨gkardakíBak¥suMenH

EdlmanGayu 18 q~aM …elIsBIenHVnCMrab®Vb’x∆M¨¨¨Mfa

eKylí®BmpgEdreTAnwgt®mUvkarTaMgenH.

G~kdakíBak¥suMTidÏakarcMbg nwg®tUves~IsuM[e®CIsykkEn¬gcucmYyEdlbBaÇak’®Vb’fa ‘yes’ (VT/cas) … ‘no’ (eT) eTAnwgcMeBaHesck∂I

®bkast´m¬sIlFm·´nesck∂IEf¬gk~

¨gnamx¬ ÁneKpÊal’ nigkUnenAe®kambnʨkNamYyrbsíeK

(®bsinebIGnuvt†eTAVn).

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | esck∂

IEf¬gs∂

IGMBIt´m¬sIlFm·GU®s∂alI

3


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI

4

t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI

edIm∫IrkßashKmn_[Vn®bkbeTAedayesƒrPaB sn∂iPaB

nigvDÛnPaBBlrdΩGU®s∂alI®Kb’savtaTaMgGs’®tUvVnrMBwg[®bkan’xÇab’nUveKalkarN_

ehIynigt´m¬sIlFm·EdlVndak’bBaÕËlrYmK~aEdlCYy®T®Tg’sg�mGU®s∂alI.

t´m¬sIlFm·TaMgenHp∂l’nUvmUldΩansMrab’esrIPaB nigsg�m®bCaFibety¥rbs’®beTsGU®s∂alI EdlmanrYmTaMg:

• kareKarBcMeBaHt´m¬esµIPaBK~a PaB´f¬f~Ër nigesrIPaBrbs’buK�lm~ak’@

• esrIPaBk~¨gkarniyays∂I

• esrIPaB´nCMenOsasna nigrdΩaPiVlEdlBuMTak’TinnwgCMenOsasna

• esrIPaBedIm∫Ibeg˚ItsmaKm

• karCYy®T®Tg’lTÏi®bCaFibety¥tamEbbsPa nigeKarBnItirdΩ

• smPaBEdlmanenAtamp¬Ëvc∫ab’

• smPaB´nburs nig®s∂I

• smPaB´nkarman{kasesµIK~a

• PaBsuxsan†

• sµartIyl’dwgnUvsmPaBrbs’mnusß®Kb’rUb EdlTTYlykbTdΩan´nGt∂crit®bkbedaykti∂y

kareKarBK~aeTAvijeTAmk karGt’{n

nigesck∂IGaNitGasUrcMeBaHG~kx√Hxat

eTaHbICaeKVnrYmcMENgK~ak~ ¨gvisalPaBNamYy eday®beTsCae®cInepßgeTotk† I k*t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_TaMgenHVn®tUvs®mbeTAtam

briyakasCuMvijEtmYyKt’k~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI EdlVnGPivDÛ ehIyeFI√[TMenIbeLIgtamry:kartaMgTIlMenAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI Edlman®bCaBl

rdΩrab’lannak’mkBI®Kb’®beTsTaMgGs’TUTaMgBiPBelak. eTaHbICamnusßepßg@GacsMEdgmtiepßg@K~ak*eday k*Gtƒn&yrbs’vaenArkßaCadEdl.

lMenACndMbUgeKbgÌs’k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCnCatiGabUrICInI nigG~krs’enAtamekaH Torres Strait Islander Edlmanvb∫Fm· nig®b´BNIEtmYy

Kt’rbs’BYkeKcas’CageKk~ ¨gcMeNamvb∫Fm· nig®b´BNITaMgLayk~ ¨gBiPBelak. CnGen∂a®bevsn_dMbUgPaKe®cInmkBI®beTsGg’eK¬s nigeGorLg’

(Ireland) ehIyekr∂i_dMENleGgk¬ËCnEs∫ks (Anglo–Celtic) enHman≤TÏiBld*sMxan’

nigCanirn∂PaBk~ ¨g®bvt∂isa®s∂

vb∫Fm· nigTMenomTm¬ab’

neyaVy´n®beTsGU®s∂alI. rlk´nCnGen∂a®bevsn_bn∂bnÊab’mkeTotVnnaMykmnusßmkBIGa®h√ik

GasIu

Gaemrik nigGWur‘

ub ®bCaCnTaMgenaH

Vnp∂l’nUvviPaKTanrYmcMENkEtmYyKt’rbs’eKdl’®beTsGU®s∂alI nigvb∫Fm·rs’enArbs’eK.

esck∂IEf¬g´nt´m¬sIlFm·

nigeKalkarN_rYmbBaÕËlK~aenH

minVnt®mUv[Cnm~ak’@manCMenOdUc@K~aenaHeT. tamBit kareKarBcMeBaHkarKiteday

esrIrbs’buK�lm~ak’@ nigsiTiÏmanKMnit

‘xus@K~a ‘ KWCamUldΩan´nlTiÏ®bCaFibety¥GU®s∂alI.

eKalbMNgKWedIm∫ICYyCntaMgTIlMenAfµ I[yl’BIt´m¬sIlFm·CamUldΩan EdlVnCYybeg˚Itsg�mmYy[manesƒrPaB

k*b‘ uEn∂TnÊwmK~aenHEdrKWsg�m

mYy®bkbedayzamBlx¬aMgk¬a Tak’TgnwgK~a ehIycMruHpgEdr.

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alImnuusß®Kb’rUbmanesrIPaB.

k*b‘ uEn†k~ ¨gkarTTYlykGtƒ®beyaCn_´nesrIPaBTaMgenH mnusßm~ak’@®tUvVnt®mUv[eKarBc∫ab’´n

®beTsGU®s†alI EdlVntak’Etg[maneLIgedayrdΩaPiVlEdlVne®CIstaMgtamlTÏi®bCaFibety¥

edIm∫Irkßasg�m[mansN†ab’F~ab’

manesrIPaB ehIymansuvtƒiPaB.

• esrIPaBCamUldΩan

®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s†alITaMgGs’mansiTÏiTTYlykesrIPaBmYycMnYn

(enAk~ ¨g®kbx&NÎc∫ab’) manrYmTaMgkarniyayedayesrI nigebIkcMh

karcUlrYmsmaKm eFI√kar®bCuMK~a

eF√Iskar:

…f√aybg�MsasnaEdleKVne®CIserIs

ehIynigp¬as’b∂ËrTIlMenAeBjTUTaMg®beTsGU®s∂alI

edayKµankarhamXat’.


• kareKarBcMeBaHt´m¬esµIPaBK~a PaB´f¬f~Ër nigesrIPaBrbs’buK�lm~ak’@

®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’manesrIPaB nigsmPaB ehIy®tUvVnrMBwgTukfanwg®b®Bwt∂cMeBaHK~aeTAvijeTAmkedayPaB´f¬f~ Ër nigkareKarB.

c∫ab’shB&nÏhamXat’nUvkar®bkan’erIseGIgelImUldΩanBUCsasn_ ePT BikarPaB ehIynigGayuenAk~ ¨gvis&yCae®cIn´nCIvPaBsaFarN:

enAe®kamc∫ab’®bkan’BUCsasn_ q~aM1975 (Racial Discrimination Act 1975), c∫ab’®bkan’erIseGIgelIePT q~aM1984 (Sex

Discrimination Act 1984), c∫ab’®bkan’erIseGIgelIBikarPaB q~aM1992 (Disability Discrimination Act 1992) nigc∫ab’®b

kan’erIseGIgelIGayu q~aM2004 (Age Discrimination Act 2004). manKN:kmµkarBarsiTiÏmnusß

nigPaBTTYl{kases~ IK~a

(Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission) TTYlxus®tUvcMeBaHkaredaH®sayelIBak¥bN∂wgenAe®kamc∫ab’

TaMgenH.

CnCatiGU®s∂alIbdiesFnUvkare®bIGMeBIhigßa karbMPitbMP&y nigkareFI√[Gama‘s’muxEdlCameF¥aVyedIm∫IedaH®sayCem¬aHenAk~¨g

sg�mrbs’eyIg.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

KN:kmµkarsiTiÏmnusß

nig{kasesµ IK~a www.hreoc.gov.au.

• esrIPaBk~¨gkarniyays∂I

®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgmanesrIPaBk~ ¨g®kbx&Nδnc∫ab’edIm∫Iniyay …sresrnUvG√IEdleKyl’eXIjGMBIrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI

…GMBI

®bFanbTd*´TNamYy …k*bBa˙asg�m drabNaEdleKmineFI√[mane®KaHf~ak’dl’®bCaBlrdΩ

eFI√karecaT®bkan’minBit

…rMxandl’kar

niyays∂IedayesrIrbs’G~kd´T.

PaBdUcK~aenHk*Gnuvt∂n_cMeBaHsarB&t·man viT¥¨¨ TUrTsßn_ nigbN∂ajpßB√pßayB&t·manGU®s∂alI®Kb’sNΩan. CnCatiGU®s∂alImanesrI

PaBtva‘CMTas’nwgskmµPaBrbs’rdΩaPiVl nigeFI√yuTÏnakaredIm∫Ip¬as’b∂Ërc∫ab’.

esrIPaBk~¨gkarniyays∂IGnuBaÔat[mnusßbeBaÕjTsßn:rbs’x¬Án nigBiPakßaGMBIKMnitTaMgLay. manc∫ab’EdlkarBarekr†i_eQµaH

lÌrbs’buK�lm~ak’@®bqaMgnwgB&t·manminBit …karPUtkuhk. k*manc∫ab’pgEdr ®bqaMgnwgkarj¨Hjg’karsÌb’exıImcMeBaHG~kd´Teday

sarEtvb∫Fm· CatiBnÏ …savtarbs’eK.

• esrIPaB´nCMenOsasna nigrdΩaPiVlEdlBuMTak’TinnwgCMenOsasna

CnCatiGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUbmanesrIPaBeCOtamsasnaNamYyEdleKe®CIserIs KW[EtkarGnuvt∂n_rbs’eKBuMeFI√[xusc∫ab’GU®s∂alI

NamYy. CnCatiGU®s∂alIk*manesrIPaBk~¨gkarBuMeCOtamsasnaNamYyEdr. karBuMGt’{nEp~ksasna minGacTTYlykVnenA

k~¨gsg�mGU®s∂alIeLIy.

®beTsGU®s∂alImanrdΩaPiVlEdlBuMTak’TinnwgCMenOsasna ehIyBuMmansasnaCap¬Ëvkar …Carbs’rdΩeT. rdΩaPiVlcat’TukBl

rdΩ®Kb’rUbmanPaBesµIK~a edayBuMKitBIsasnaeT.

c∫ab’sasnaBuMmansƒankarN_tamp¬Ëvc∫ab’enAk~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIeT ehIymanEtc∫ab’EdlVnGnum&tedaysPaeTEdl®tUvGnuvt∂

”TahrN_ dUcCac∫ab’lHElgK~a. karGnuvt∂tamEbbsasna …vb∫Fm·x¬HdUcCaPaBman®bBnÏBIrm~ak’k~ ¨geBlEtmYy KWCakar®bqaMgnwg

c∫ab’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI

5


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI

6

• esrIPaBk~ ¨gkarbeg˚ItsmaKm

Ga®s&yeTAelIc∫ab’ CnCatiGU®s∂alImanesrIPaBedIm∫I®bmUlp∂¨¨MCamYyK~a ehIytva‘®bqaMgnwgrdΩaPiVl …Gg�kar‰eTotNamYy KW[

Etkartva‘enaHKW®b®Bwt†eTAedaysn∂iPaB ehIyBuMeF√I[xUcxat …rbYsdl’mnusß …kmµsiTÏNamYy. esrIPaBedIm∫Ibeg˚ItCasmaKm

rab’bBaÕËlTaMgesrIPaBedIm∫IcUlrYm …mincUlrYmk~¨gGg�kar …®kumNamYy KW[EtCakar®sbc∫ab’. Gg�kar nig®kumTaMgenHrab’bBaÕËl

TaMgKN:bkßneyaVy shCIB BaNiCkmµ nig®kumsg�m.

• CYy®T®Tg’lTÏi®bCaFibety¥tamEbbsPa nigeKarBnItirdΩ

®beTsGU®s∂alIkan’lTÏi®bCaFibety¥tamEbbsPa EdlmanGtƒn&yfaBlrdΩGU®s∂alIcUlrYmk~ ¨grebobEdl®beTsenH®tUvVn®Kb’®Kg

nigrebobEdlsg�mGU®s∂alImansPaG~ktMNag. rdΩaPiVlTTYlxus®tUvcMeBaHBlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’. sPaEdleKVne®CIserIs

KWCasƒab&nEtmYyKt’EdlmansmtƒPaBtak’Etgc∫ab’k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI …k*p∂l’siTiÏGMNaceTAGaC∆aFrmansmtƒkicÕedIm∫Itak’Etgc∫ab’.

Cn®Kb’rUbk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI®tUvEteKarBc∫ab’Edlbeg˚IteLIgedayrdΩaPiVl.

®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®tUvVnkarBaredayynItirdΩesµ I@K~a.

enHmann&yfaBuMmannrNam~ak’ ‘enABIelIc∫ab’eT ‘ eTaHbICaeKkan’kab’muxdMENgEdlmanGMNac dUcCaG~kneyaVy

…bU‘lIsk*eday.

• smPaBEdlmanenAtamp¬Ëvc∫ab’

CnCatiGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUbmanPaBesµIK~aenAe®kamp¬Ëvc∫ab’. enHmann&yfaBuMmannrNam~ak’®tUvVneKcat’TukxusK~a GMBInrNam~ak’epßg

eTotedaysarBUCsasn_ CatiBnÏ …®beTsedImkMeNItrbs’eKedaysarGayu ePT zan:Cab∂I®bBnÏ …BikarPaB …edaysarCMenO

neyaVy …sasnarbs’eKeT. P~ak’garrbs’rdΩaPiVl ehIynigtulakar‰kraC¥®tUvcat’Tukmnusß®Kb’@rUbedayyut∂iFm·.

kar®tUvVncat’TukdUcK~a mann&yfaTTYlVnkargar …®tUvVneK[eLIgzan:manmUldΩaneTAelImuxCMnaj smtƒPaB nigbTBiesaFn_

rbs’mnusßm~ak’ ehIyBuMEmnsƒiteTAelIedImkMeNIt vb∫Fm· …CMenOneyaVyeT. k*mann&ypgEdrfa®bCaCnminGaceK®bEkkp∂l’

kicÕbMerIenAk~¨ghag …sNΩaKaredaysarBUCsasn_ BN·sm∫¨¨r sasna ePT …zan:Cab∂I …®bBnÏeLIy.

• smPaB´nburs nig®s∂I

burs nig®sI∂mansiTiÏesIµK~aenAk~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. kargar nigviCÇaCIv:®tUvVnebIkcMhedayesµIPaBK~acMeBaHTaMg®s∂I nigburs.

TaMgburs nigTaMg®s∂IGacbMerIk~¨gkgeyaFa. TaMgburs nig®s∂IGackan’muxtMENgenAk~¨gCYrrdΩaPiVl.

• smPaB´nkarman{kasesµIK~a nigsµartIyl’dwgnUvsmPaBrbs’mnusß®Kb’rUb

t´m¬smPaB´nGU®s∂alIcMeBaH{kaslÌ nigG√IEdlCajwkjab’ehAfa ‘karman{kasesµIK~a ‘. enHmann&yfaG√IEdlmnusßm~ak’eFI√

VnsMercenAk~¨gCIvit ®tUvEtCalTÏpl´neTBekasl¥ kicÕkar nigkarxM®bwgE®bgrbs’eK CaCaglTÏplEdlmanmkBIkMeNIt

rbs’eK …karGnue®KaHniym.

enHBuMEmnmann&yfamnusß®Kb’rUbdUcK~a …famnusß®Kb’rUbman®TB¥sm∫t∂i …kmµsiTiÏesµIK~aenaHeT. eKalbMNgKWedIm∫IFanafaBuMman

vNˆ:Edl®tUvVneKdak’[dac’BIK~a …Cap¬Ëvkark~¨gsg�mGU®s∂alIenaHeLIy.

• PaBsuxsan†

BlrdΩGU®s∂alImanemaTnPaBcMeBaHsg�mEdleBareBjedaysn∂iPaBrbs’x¬Án. eKeCOfakarp¬as’b∂Ër®tUvekIteLIgedaykarBiPakßa

karbBaÕ¨¨HbBaÕËledaysn∂iPaB nigdMeNIr®bCaFibety¥. eKbdiesFn_GMeBIhigßafaCameF¥aVy´np¬as’b∂Ërcit∂KMnitmnusßm~ak’ …c∫ab’.


EnƒmBIelIt´m¬sIlFm·TaMgenH BlrdΩGU®s∂alItamcab’yknUvkicçkarlÌ@rbs’saFarNCn nigesck∂IGaNitGasUrcMeBaHG~kx√Hxat.

mansµartIshKmn_ya‘gx¬aMgk¬aenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIyBlrdΩGU®s∂alIEs√gyl’eFI√[sg�mEdleKrs’enAmanPaBeCOnelOn

nigkan’Et

®besIreLIg.

BlrdΩGU®s∂alICae®cIncUlrYmcMENkk~ ¨gshKmn_EdleKrs’enA®bcaM´f©. eKGacbg˙aj[eXIjBIkarrYmcMENkenH tamry:karEfTaMbridΩan

CYydl’K~aeTAvijeTAmk nigeFI√karrYmK~aenAeBlmanesck†

I®tUvkarkarcaMVc’ k~ ¨gkartamcab’yknUvkicçkarlÌ@rbs’saFarNCn.

®beTsGU®s∂alImanTMenomTm¬ab’d*x¬aMgk¬amYy´n ‘BYkePOn / mateship’ EdlBlrdΩCYyG~k´TeTotedaysµ &®Kcit∂ CaBiessG~kEdlsƒitenAk~¨g

eBlmankarBiVk. BYkePOnGacCami®t k*b‘ uEn∂GacCab∂I …®bBnÏ ´dKU bgbÌËn®bus®sI kUn®bus®sI …mit∂Pk†i. BYkePOnk*GacCaCncMELkTaMg

®sugVnEdr. k*manpgEdrnUvTMenomTm¬ab’d*x¬aMgk¬amYy´nkarbMerIshKmn_ nigkars&µ®Kcit∂.

t´m¬sIlFm·EdlVnp∂l’CacMNucsMxan’xagelI ®tUvVnelIkkMBs’ ehIyBiPakßaedayCnCatiGU®s∂alICae®cInq~aMmkehIy. eKVnCYy®beTs

GU®s∂alI®bkbedayeCaKC&y edIm∫Is√aKmn_ ehIybBaÕËlCamYyK~anUvmnusßrab’lannak’mkBI®kumCatiBnÏ nigTMenomTm¬ab’Ep~kvb∫Fm·Cae®cIn.

PaBepßg@K~a´nvb∫Fm·GU®s∂alICakm¬aMgsMrab’eFI√[sg�ms√ahab’. k~¨g®kbx&Nδnc∫ab’®beTsGU®s∂alI BlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’mansiTiÏbeBaÕj

Tsßn:GMBIvb∫Fm· nigCMenOrbs’eK.

k*b‘uEn∂TnÊwmnwgenHEdr BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUb®tUvVnes~IsuM[eFI√kareb∂C∆acit∂ya‘gmWugma‘t’cMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI eBalKWcMeBaHc∫ab’GU®s∂alI t´m¬sIl

Fm·GU®s∂alI nigBlrdΩGU®s∂alI.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI

7


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂

Iseg≈b

8

®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂Iseg≈b

PUmisa®s∂

®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCaTwkdId*Eb¬kmanEtmYyeBareBjeTAedayPaBxusK~a. ®beTsGU®s∂alIKWpÊaMgdIcMNas’CageKk~¨gcMeNambN†a®beTs‰eTot

k~¨gBiPBelak. KWCaekaHd*FMbMput´nEpndIEdlmanmnusßrs’enA ehIyCa®beTsFMCageKTI6k~ ¨gBiPBelakEp~k´pÊdI. ®beTsGU®s∂alIk*Ca®beTs

mYyEdlrIgs©ÁtCageK edayman®twmEt6PaKry´n´pÊdIb‘ueNˆaH ®tUvVncat’Tuksmrm¥faGaceFI√ksikmµVn.

´pÊdImanPaBTUlay ehIyG~kmkTsßnaCajwkjymankarP∆ak’epÌIlnwgTMhM´n®beTs

ehIyman®bEvgEvgq©ayedIm∫I®tUveFI√dMeNIrBI®kugmYy

eTA®kug

mYy. ®beTsGU®s∂alIlatsnÏwg®bEhl4000KWLËEm‘®tBIxagekIteTAxaglic

ehIymancMgay3700KILËEm‘®t BIxageCIg eTAxagt∫Ëg. eK®tUv

e®bIry:eBl®VMema‘gedIm∫IeF√IdMeNIrtamyn∂ehaHBIi®kugsIudnIy

eTA®kugePIt (Perth).

´pÊdIsrub ®beTsGU®s∂alImanTMhMesµInwgshrdΩGaemrik (edayBuMrab’bBaÕËlGaLas˚a / Alaska) manTMhM2dg FMCag®beTs≤NÎa ehIyman

TMhM32dg´nc®kPBGg’eK¬s.

®bCaCn

G~kmanlMenAedIm´n®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCnCatiGabUrICInI nigG~krs’enAtamekaH Torres Strait Islander EdlF¬ab’Vnrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

Gs’ry:eBlya‘gticNas’k*40,000q~aM ehIy®bEhlGacrhUtdl’eTA60,000q~aM.

®bCaCnGU®s∂alIEdlenAsl’TaMgb‘ unµanKWCaCnGen∂a®bevsn_ …BYkkUnecACMTan’e®kay´nCnGen∂a®bevsn_EdlVnmkBIbN†a®beTsCit200

cab’taMgBIkarcab’ep∂ImtaMgTIlMenArbs’CnCatiGWr‘

ub enA®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gq~aM1788.

enAk~ ¨gq~aM1945 cMnYn®bCaCnGU®s∂alIKWmancMnYn®bEhl®VMBIrlannak’. Cab’taMgBIeBlenaHmkCnGen∂a®bevsn_Cag6˘5lannak’ rYmbBaÕËlTaMgCn

ePosx¬ Án®bEhl675,000nak’ VnmktaMgTIlMenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.

bcÕ¨¨b∫n~enH

®beTsGU®s∂alIman®bCaCncMnYn21lannak’ ehIycMnYn43PaKryekItenA‰breTs …manÅBuk …m∂aym~ak’EdlekItenA‰breTs.

BlrdΩGU®s∂alÍ n®Kb’sasna BUCsasn_ nigCatiBnÏTaMgGs’ nigsavtasg�mTaMgGs’rs’enACamYyK~aedaysn∂iPaB.

t´m¬sIlFm·rYmK~a

eTaHbICaCnGen∂a®bevsn_®beTsGU®s∂alIecjmkBIsavtaEdlmanvb∫Fm· nigsasnaxusK~ak*eday k*BYkeKVntaMgTIlMenA®bkbedayeCaKC&yk~ ¨g

®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIyVneFI√shkmµrYmK~aenAk~

¨gshKmn_d*FMTUlay. CalTÏpl ®beTsGU®s∂alIVnTTYlkarrIkcMerInedaysarkarrYccMENkEdl

eKVneFI√kn¬gmkCalk≈N:sg�m

lk≈N:vb∫Fm· niglk≈N:esdΩkicÕ.

lk≈N:BiesssMxan’@´nsg�mGU®s∂alIbcÕ¨¨b∫n~

KWmin®twmEtPaBcMruH´nvb∫Fm·rbs’BlrdΩGU®s∂alIEtb‘ ueNâHeT k*b‘ uEn∂visalPaBEdleK®tUvVnb®gYb

b®gYmK~aedaykareb∂C∆ad*mWugma‘t’

nig‰kPaBK~acMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI. BlrdΩGU®s†alITukPaBxusK~a´nbuK�lm~ak’@mYyELk ehIyyk®beyaCn_´n

karrs’enACamYyK~aCaG~kCitxag.

enAk~ ¨grg√g’®kbx&NÎc∫ab’´n®beTsGU®s∂alI ®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’mansiTiÏsEm∂gCMenO

nigvb∫Fm·rbs’x¬ Án ehIycUlrYmcMENkedayesrIk~ ¨g

CIvitrs’enACasaFarN:k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. TnÊwmnwgK~aenHEdr

m~ak’@®tUveKrMBwg[®bkan’xÇab’nUveKalkarN_ nigt´m¬sIlFm·rYmK~aTaMgenHEdlVnerob

rab’enAk~ ¨gbuB√kfa ehIyEdlCYy®T®Tg’vb∫Fm·rs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.


®beTs‰kraC¥

®beTsGU®s∂alICa®beTsmYyEdl‰kraC¥ ehIyCaCatimYyEdlsm¬ wgemIlecjeTAe®kAEdlmanesdΩkicÕd*x¬aMgk¬a. bN∂asƒab&n®bCaFibety¥

PaBcMruH´nvb∫Fm· nigkarman®bvt† í nTMnak’TMngGn∂rCati nig®bcaMtMbn’®bkbedayviCÇman ®T®Tg’karcUlrYmcMENkrbs’x¬ Ánk~ ¨gkicÕkarBiPBelak.

enAk~ ¨gbridΩanGn∂rCati®bkbedayzamBl nigkar®bkYt®bECg ®beTsGU®s∂alIbn∂yuTÏsa®s∂eT√PaKI ®bcaMtMbn’ nigBhuPaKIedIm∫IGPivDÛpl

®beyaCn_CatiEdlenAk~ ¨grg√g’bribT´nkarTTYlxus®tUvBiPBelak.

esdΩkicÕrwgmaM

®beTsGU®s∂alImanesdΩkicÕEdlBwgEpÌkelITIpßad*x¬aMgmYy EdlCaesdΩkicÕebIkcMh manPaBbt’Ebn nigkar®bkYt®bECg. ®beTsenHmanrcna

smı&nÏsƒanb&nTMenIbEdlp∂l’PaB®bkd®bCaeTAnwgBaNiCÇkmµ

ehIyp∂l’briyakasTTYls√aKmn_sMrab’nieyaKTunGn∂rCati.

®beTsGU®s∂alk*CamCŒmNÎlhirBaÔvt¨ƒ®bcaMtMbn’d*sMxan’mYypgEdr

®bkbeTAeday®bB&nÏdwkCBaÇËnk~

¨g®beTs nigGen∂rCatiEdleCOTuukcit∂Vn

ehIy®bkbedaybecÕkviCÇaB&t·man nigTUrKmnaKmn_kMritBiPBelak nigkMLaMgkargar®bkbedayCMnajEp~kBhuPasa nigCMnajkarxıs’ nig®bB&nÏ

´nnItic∫ab’. mNÎllk’dUrPaKhflunGU®s∂alI

(Australian Stock Exchange) KWmNÎlEdleKVnrayeQµaH ehIymancMNak’f~ak’TI®VMbI

FMCageKbgÌs’k~ ¨gBiPBelak vas’sÊg’edayedImTunBaNiCÇkmµ.

®beTsGU®s∂alICa®beTseF√IBaNiCÇkmµBiPBelakd*sMxan’KYr[Kt’sm�al’mYy

EdlmanBaNiCÇkmµp¬as’b∂ËrTMnij

nigesvaeTAmk Edlmant´m¬Kit

CaTwk®Vk’Cag400Ban’landul¬ar - eBalKW®bEhl1PaKry´nBaNiCÇkmµBiPBelaksrub. ®beTsCb‘ unKWCa´dKUrBaNiCÇkmµd*FMbMput´n®beTs

GU®s∂alI bnÊab’mk®beTscin shrdΩGaemrik saMgkab‘ U c®kPBGg’eK¬s nigsaFarN:rdΩkUer‘.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• kariyal&ysƒitiGU®s∂alI

www.abs.gov.au

• B&t·man nigkicÕbMerIrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI www.australia.gov.au

• p¬ ËvlMrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIEp~kkMsan† nigvb∫Fm· www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au

• ®ksYgkarbreTs nigBaNiCÇkmµ www.dfat.gov.au/geo/australia

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂

Iseg≈b

9


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂

Iseg≈b

10

B&t·manseg≈b nigtYrelx

rdΩFanICati Canberra

´pÊdI

eq~rsmu®TCuMvij®beTs

eq~rsmu®TrYmTaMgbN∂aHekaHk~ ¨g®beTs

7.74 lanKILËEm‘®tkaer‘

35,877 KILËEm‘®t

59,736 KILËEm‘®t

PaKry´n´pÊdIEdlGacdaMdMNaMVn 6 PaKry

cMnYn®bCaCn 21 lannak’

PaKry´n®bCaCnekItenA‰breTs Cit 22 PaKry

Pasa Gg’eK¬s

PaKry´n®bCaCnEdlecHniyayPasaTIBIrenApÊH 15 PaKry

rUbIyb&Nˆ ®Vk’dul¬a GU®s†alI (A$)

´dKUrBaNiCÇkmµsMxan’@ Cb‘ un cin shrdΩGaemrik saMgkab‘ U c®kPBGg’eK¬s saFarN:rdΩkUer‘

km¬aMgkargar 10.28 lannak’

ema‘g - ®beTsGU®s∂alImanema‘gk~ ¨gtMbn’cMnYnbI

karsnßMBn¬ W´f© (ema‘gk~ ¨gtMbn’ + 1)

´f©ExsMxan’@

Australia Day (´f©GU®s∂alI)

Easter (´f©buN¥GIuesÊIr)

Anzac Day (´f© Anzac)

Remembrance Day

Christmas Day (´f©buN¥®KIsÊma‘s’)

xagekIt: GMT + 10

kN∂al: GMT + 9.5

xaglic: GMT + 8

ema‘gsnßMBn¬ W´f©®tUvVneF√IeLIgenAtamrdΩjËesAEvl,

rdΩGU®s∂alIxagt∫Ëg rdΩtasµanIya‘ (Tasmania), rdΩvictUrIya‘

nigrdΩGU®s†alIxaglic cab’BIedImEx eTAcugExtula eTAcugExmina.

´f©TI26 Exmkra

rvagBIcugExmina eTAcugExemsa erogral’q~aM

´f©TI25 Exemsa

´f©TI11 Exviciœka

´f©TI25 ExF~ Ë


nimit∂rUbCati

eQµaH®beTsGU®s∂alI

eQµaHGU®s∂alIk¬aymkBIBak¥LataMg Australis (GU®s†alIs) mann&yfa ‘Eb‘kxagt∫Ëg ‘. e®cInstvtßmkehIy manerOgTiiTanfamanTwkdI

xagt∫ËgFMsem∫ImEdlBuMmaneKs�al’ - Terra Australis Incognita. karBiBN·naenH®tUvVne®bIk~¨gkarsresrTukGMBIkarrukrkmkk~¨gtMbn’.

eQµaH ‘GU®s†alI ‘ VnTTYlkars�al’d*man®bCa®biye®kayBIkareVHBumıenAq~aM1914 nUvehtukarN_rbs’elak Matthew Flinders ´nkar

eFI√dMeNIrtameCIgTwkCuMvijBiPBelak´nT√Ib.

kareFI√dMeNIrmkkan’

Terra Australis EdlKat’Vne®bIeQµaHGU®s∂alI. eTsaPiVlrdΩ Lachlan

Macquarie e®kaymkVne®bIeQµaHenHenAk~¨grVykarN_Cap¬Ëvkarrbs’elak ehIyVnp∂l’eyabl’[TTYlykmke®bI. enAq~aM1824

naykdΩanT&BeCIgTwkGg’eK¬sVnyl’®BmfaT√IbenH®tUvdak’eQµaHCap¬Ëvkarfa ‘GU®s†alI ‘.

Tg’CatiGU®s∂alI

Tg’CatiGU®s∂alI®tUvVneKbgË˙teLIgCaelIkdMbUgk~¨gTI®kugEm‘lbfln enA´f©TI3 ExkBaÔa q~aM1901. Tg’Catiman´pÊBN·exovcas’edayman

Tg’CatiGg’eK¬s Union Jack xageq√gPaKxagelI EdlTTYls�al’®bvt∂isa®s∂´nkartaMgTIlMenArbs’Gg’eK¬senAk~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.

kBaç¨Mp˚ay Southern Cross TaMg®VMtMNag[TItaMgPUmisa®s∂´n®beTsGU®s∂alIk~¨gGDÛeKalxagt∫Ëg (Southern Hemisphere).

enAk~¨gq~aM1908 rUbp˚aycMNuc®VMmYy tMNag[rdΩTaMg®VMmYy ®tUvVndak’CMnYsedayrUbp˚aycMNuc®VMBIrvij eBalKIrUbp˚aycMNuc

TI®VMBIrenHtMNag[EdndITaMgBIr.

rdΩGU®s∂alI nigEdndImYy@manTg’CatipÊal’@x¬Án. st√EXnkarU (kangaroo) mYy nigbkßIGIumjË (emu) mYy CYy®T®Tg’Exlm≈ag@

p¬aksBaÔashB&nÏ

BN·rbs’Cati

p¬aksBaÔashB&nÏ®tUvVneKe®bIedIm∫ICasBaÔasMKal’GMBIsiTiÏGMNac nig®TB¥Fnrbs’shB&nÏGU®s∂alI EdlVn

®bKl’CUneday®BHmhakß®t King George V enAk~¨gq~aM1912. p¬aksBaÔaenHmanExlmYyEdlmanp¬ak

sBaÔa´nrdΩGU®s∂alITaMg®VMmYy Canimit∂rUbshB&nÏ. rcnabTenHk*p∂l’lk≈N:BiesspgEdrnUvrUbsBaÔap˚a

wattle BN·mas (nimit∂sBaÔaCatieFI√GMBIp˚a) st√EXnkarU (kangaroo) mYy nigbkßIGIumjË (emu) mYy.

BN·´btg nigBN·TwkmasKWCaBN·Cati´n®beTsGU®s∂alI cab’taMgBIq~aM1984mkem¬H.

nimit∂sBaÔap˚arbs’Cati

p˚aBN·TwkmaseQµaHp˚aevfl (wattle) Acacia pycnantha Vnk¬ayCanimit∂sBaÔa´np˚arbs’Catik~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI cab’taMgBIExsIha

q~aM1988mkem¬H.

t∫Ëgfµrbs’Cati

t∫ËgfµGUpl (opal) ®tUvVneK®bkasTTYls�al’faCat∫Ëgfµmant´m¬rbs’Catik~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI k~¨gq~aM1993.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂

Iseg≈b

11


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂

Iseg≈b

12

nimit∂sBaÔast√rbs’Cati

BlrdΩCae®cIncat’Tukfast√EXnkarU (kangaroo) Canimit∂sBaÔast√rbs’Catik~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI k*b‘uEn∂nimit∂sBaÔaenHminEdlVn®tUveK

®bkasTTYls�al’Cap¬ËvkareT.

´f©buN¥Cati

´f©buN¥CatiGU®s∂alI®tUvVn®VrBΩeFI√eLIgCaerogral’q~aMenA´f©TI26 Exmkra. enHKWCabuN¥rMlwkkareLIgeKak´nelakeTsaPiVl Arthur Phillip

enAqksmu®TsIudnIy (Sydney Cove) k~¨gq~aM1788.

eP¬gCati

eP¬gCatieQµaH Advance Australia Fair Vntak’EtgeLIgedayelak Peter Dodds McCormick k~ ¨gq~aM1878 ehIyVnk¬ayCaeP¬gCatik~ ¨g

cugGm¬¨gq~aM1970. eP¬gCatienH®tUvVn®bkasTTYls�al’faCaeP¬gCatik~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIenAExemsa q~aM1984.

Bak¥´neP¬gCatienHKW:

Australians all let us rejoice, Beneath our radiant Southern Cross

For we are young and free; We’ll toil with hearts and hands;

We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil; To make this Commonwealth of ours

Our home is girt by sea; Renowned of all the lands;

Our land abounds in nature’s gifts For those who’ve come across the seas

Of beauty rich and rare; We’ve boundless plains to share;

In history’s page, let every stage With courage let us all combine

Advance Australia Fair. To Advance Australia Fair.

In joyful strains then let us sing, In joyful strains then let us sing,

Advance Australia Fair. Advance Australia Fair.

rg√an’kit∂iys nigrg√an’sresIrGU®s∂alI

®bB&nÏp∂l’rg√an’kit∂iyseq~Imk~¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIVncab’ep∂Imk~¨gq~aM1975 edaymankarbeg˚IteLIg´n Order of Australia

(rg√an’kit†iysGU®s†alI) edIm∫ITTYls�al’nUvkicÕbMerIcMeBaHCati nigmnusßTUeTA nig Australian Bravery Decorations

(karbMerIk~¨gskmµPaBk¬ahanrbs’GU®s∂alI) ehIynig National Medal (emdayCati).

®bB&nÏp∂l’rg√an’kit∂iysGU®s∂alIBuMman≤TÏiBlBIG~kKaM®T …G~kneyaVyeT. BlrdΩNam~ak’k~¨gshKmn_Gace®CIstaMgBlrdΩGU®s∂alIm~ak’

sMrab’TTYlrg√an’kit∂iys. ®kum®bwkßa‰kraC¥CaG~keFI√karsMerce®CIserIs.

rg√an’kit∂iysCYykMNt’ elIkTwkcit∂ nigp∂l’km¬aMgcit∂dl’bMNg®Vf~a”t∂Kti nigbTdΩanCatiedaysMKal’eTAelItYKMrUlÌ. ®beTsGU®s∂alIp∂l’

kit∂iysedIm∫ITTYls�al’ ®VrBÏ nigp∂l’kardwgKuNenAdl’G~kEdleFI√kicÕkarmankarxusEp¬k nigG~kEdlsMerclTÏpld*®besIrbMputrbs’eK

ehIynigG~kEdlbMerIG~kd´TeTot.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• rg√an’kit∂iys rg√an’sresIr nignimit∂sJÔaGU®s†alI www.itsanhonour.gov.au

• ®ksYgnaykrdΩm®n∂I nigKN:rdΩm®n∂I www.dpmc.gov.au


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsGU®s∂alI - esck∂

Iseg≈b

13


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ 14

14

®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCa®beTsmYyEdlKYr[kt’sMKal’ ehIymanPaBxusEb¬kTaMg®sug.

tMbn’enAq©aydac’®syalBImat’smu®T CaerOy@®tUvVneKeyagsMedAfaCa ‘outback’ KWCaEp~kmYysMxan’´n®bvt∂isa®s∂

nigerOgniTan´n®beTs

GU®s†alI.

min®twmEtb‘ ueNâHesat cMnYn75PaKry´n®bCaCncMnYn21lanEdlrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s†alI rs’enAtammNÎl´nTI®kug CaBiessenATI®kug

beN∂ay´pÊdIrabesµ Itameq~rsmu®TPaKxagekIt Edl®bkbeTAedayCIvCati nigtMbn’eq~rsmu®TPaKxagt∫Ëg.

®beTsGU®s∂alI®tUvVneKemIleXIjfaCa®beTsenA ‘ekµgxÕI

‘ k*b‘ uEn∂cMnYn®bCaCnk*dUccMnYn®bCaCn´n®beTsd´TeTotCae®cInk~ ¨gBiPBelakEdr man

Gayukan’EtEvgedaysarGayurs’enAmF¥mbn∂®besIreLIg. cMnYn®bCaCnEdlmanGayu65 …elIsBIenH®tUvVneKV‘n’sµanfanwgekIn®bEhlBI

13˘1PaKryenAk~ ¨gq~aM2005 eTA25˘7PaKryenAk~ ¨gq~aM2050.

kEn¬gEdlBlrdΩGU®s∂alIrs’enAtamrdΩ nigEdndI

rdΩ/EdndI cMnYn®bCaCn

(lan)

eQµaHTI®kug cMnYn®bCaCn

enAtamTI®kug

(lan)

jËvesAEvl (New South Wales) 6.55 sIudnIy

(Sydney) 4.12

victUrIya‘ (Victoria) 4.93 Em‘lbfln (Melbourne) 3.59

X√InEs¬n

(Queensland) 3.90 ®BIs∫wn (Brisbane) 1.76

GU®s∂alIxaglic 1.96 ePIt_ (Perth) 1.45

GU®s∂alIxagt∫Ëg 1.51 GadIELt (Adelaide) 1.11

fasµanIya‘ (Tasmania) 0.48 hUVt (Hobart) 0.20

EdndIrdΩFanIGU®s∂alI 0.32 EXnebflIra‘

(Canberra) 0.32

EdndIxageCIg 0.19 davIn (Darwin) 0.11

(®bPB: kariyal&ysƒitiGU®s∂alI)

GakasFatu

®beTsGU®s∂alICa®beTsmYyk~ ¨gcMeNambN∂a®beTsEdlmanGakasFatus© ÁtbMputk~ ¨gBiPBelak. Ep~kdIxagk~ ¨gPaKe®cInKWrabesµ I minGacbeg˚It

pl ehIycMnYn®bCaCnrs’enAX¬atq©ayBaseBj´pÊ®beTs.

PaKe®cIn´nEb‘kPaKxageCIgGU®s†alImanGakasFatuek∂A ehIyesIm. Ep~kx¬H´nrdΩX√InEs¬n

(Queensland) PaKxageCIg´nrdΩGU®s∂alIxaglic

nigEdndIxageCIgCYb®bTHeP¬øg®bePTm‘ unsflUn

(monsoon) k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨grdUveP¬øgF¬ak’cab’BIExmkra dl’Exmina.

tamBit ®beTsGU®s∂alImanTMhMFMNas’EdlCYb®bTHlk≈N:GakasFatuPaKe®cIncab’BI®Bil nig®tCak’eLIgkk nigkarCHcMhayek∂A.

tMbn’Edl®tCak’CageKenAk~ ¨grdΩfasµanIya‘ nigtMbn’CYrP~ Mxıs’@enATIxıg’rabGeK~y_´ndIeKakGU®s∂alI. tMbn’ek∂AbMputKWenAk~ ¨gPaKxagliccMkN∂al

®beTs.


dUvenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIKWpʨ¨yBIrdUv´nGDÛeKalxageCIg.

rdUvek∂AKWcab’BIExF~ Ë eTAExkum∏:, rdUvrgarKWcab’BIExmIna eTAEx”sPa, rdUv®tCak’KWcab’BIEx

mifuna dl’ExsIha ehIynigrdUvp˚arIkKWcab’BIExkBaÔa dl’Exviciœka.

Exkk˚daKWCaExEdlmansItuN˙PaB®tCak’bMputCamF¥m. sItuN˙PaBenAeBl´f©CamF¥mrvagBI10Ggßa eTA20Ggßa (50 eTA68Ggßa F) enAk~ ¨g

esÊIrEtTaMgGs’´n®beTsGU®s∂alIPaKxagt∫Ëg

ehIymankMritxıs’20Ggßa F …Tab30Ggßa F (70Ggßa eTA80Ggßa F) k~ ¨gtMbn’®tUBikPaKxag

eCIg. sItuN˙PaBTabCagsUn¥GgßaKWk®mmanNas’enAEk∫req~rsmu®T k*b‘ uEn∂tMbn’dIxagk~ ¨gCae®cInCYb®bTHsenßImkkbn† icbn† ÁcenAeBlyb’k~ ¨g

rdUvTwkkkF¬ak’. enAk~ ¨gtMbn’P~ Mxıs’@ sItuN˙PaBF¬ak’Ca®bcaMe®kamsUn¥Ggßa F (32 F) nig®BilmankMBs’eLIgeTAelI®bEhl1500Em‘®tGs’ry:

eBlCae®cInExk~ ¨gmYyq~aM@.

Exmkra nigkum∏:KWCaExek∂ACageKbMputk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIPaKxagt∫Ëg pʨyeTAvijk~

¨gtMbn’®tUBik Exviciœka

nigExF~ Ë KWek∂AbMput. sItuN˙PaBmF¥menA

eBl´f©KWk~ ¨gkMritelIsBI30Ggßa F (80Ggßa …90Ggßa F) enAesÊIrEt®Kb’tMbn’dIxagk~

¨g ehIyeLIgCitdl’Ek∫r40Ggßa F (104Ggßa F)

k~ ¨gPaKx¬H´nrdΩGU®s∂alIxaglic. sItuN˙PaB®tdak’Cag (20Ggßa F/70Ggßa …80Ggßa F) enAEk∫rtMbn’eq~rsmu®TPaKxagt∫Ëgk~ ¨gtMbn’xıg’rab

nigrdΩfasµanIya‘ (Tasmania).

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• kariyal&y”t† ¨niym www.bom.gov.au.

bridΩan

®beTsGU®s∂alImanPaBcMruH´nsNΩandI®bkbeTAedayTIkEn¬g®bmUlp∂¨¨Mmin®b®ktImYy´nCIvitruk≈Cati

nigst√. eyIgeb∂C∆akarBar nigemIlEfbridΩan

nigCIvitcMruHd*sm∫Ër ehIymanEtmYyKt’rbs’®beTs.

Cag10PaKry´ndIeKakGU®s∂alI (®bEhlCa77lanhikta) ®tUvVnkarBar. rI‰65lanhikta´ntMbn’Twkk*®tUvVnkarBarEdr manrYmTaMg Great

Barrier Reef Marine Park zitenAcugeq~rsmu®T´nrdΩX√InEs¬nPaKxageCIg.

Ep~kTaMg17´n®beTsGU®s∂alImanenAelIbBaÇIraynam´nekr∂i_dMENlBiPBelak

rab’bBaÕ

ËlTaMg Great Barrier Reef, the Tasmanian

Wilderness (TIIrehasƒan´nrdΩfasµanIya‘),

the Wet Tropics of Queensland (tMbn’®tUBikesIm´nrdÏX√InEs¬n),

Kakadu National

Park (”T¥anCatikakaDU), ”T¥anCati Uluru–Kata Tjuta enAEdndIxageCIg, the Lord Howe Island Group

(®bCuMekaH)

ehIynig Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves (´®B®kas’sm∫ËN·eP¬øgEdlbMrugTukenAtMbn’kN∂alxagekIt´n

®beTsGU®s∂alI).

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• ®ksYgbridΩan nigFnFanTwk www.environment.gov.au

CnCatiGU®s∂alIdMbUg

lMenACndMbUgeKk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI KWCaCnCatiGabUrICInI nigCnrs’enAtamekaH Torres Strait Islander EdlVntaMgTIlMenAelITwkdIenHya‘g

ehacNas’k*40,000q~aMkn¬gmkEdr ehIy®bEhlCa60,000q~aMkn¬geTA.

enA®bEhleBlEdlCntaMgTIlMenAGWr‘ ubdMbUgeKVnmkdl’k~ ¨gq~aM1788 eKV‘n’®bmaNVnfaCnCatiGU®s∂alIedIm®bEhl750,000nak’Vn

kMBugrs’enABaseBjesÊIrEt®Kb’tMbn’´ndIeKakGU®s∂alI.

CnCatiedImGU®s∂alImanCMenOsasnaEtmYyKt’rbs’eKpÊal’ ykdIeFI√Cask˚ar:

ehIyCavb∫Fm·mYyEdlmant´m¬ ehIyepßg@K~a nig®b´BNIsil∫:

nirn∂ EdlCavb∫Fm·mYy´nvb∫Fm·Edlmanv&ycMNas’CageKbMputk~ ¨gBiPBelak.

CIvitrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ 15


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

16

EbbEpnCIvit TMenomTm¬ab’vb∫Fm· nigPasarbs’CnCatiedImGU®s∂alImanPaBxusK~aeTAtamTIkEn¬gEdleKrs’enA. Pasa nig®KamPasacMnYn

®bEhl700 Vn®tUvniyayedayCnCatiedImGU®s∂alI enAeBlEdlkartaMgTIlMenArbs’CntaMgTIlMenAGWr‘ ub.

eTaHbICaF¬ab’manTMnak’TMngxagedImCamYyG~kedIrkV‘l’ ’smu®T nigBaNiCÇkrk*eday CnCatiedImGU®s∂alI®tUvVneKTuk[rs’enAEt‰k‰g rhUtdl’

karmkdl’´nCnCatiGWur‘

ub.

TMnak’TMngedImdMbUgrvagCnCatiGWur‘

ub nigCnCatiedImGU®s∂alIVneFI√[rMxandl’EbbEpnCIvitxag®b´BNIy_

nigCIvPaBrs’enA®bcaM´f© ehIycMnYnCn

CatiGU®s∂alIedImVnfycuHya‘gx¬aMgKYr[kt’sm�al’k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gstvtßr_TI19 nigedImstvtßr_TI20.

rhUtmkdl’Gm¬ ¨gq~aM1960 eKesÊIrEtminVnTTYls�al’vb∫Fm·CnCatiGU®s∂alIedIm

nig®bvt∂isa®s∂

…siTÏiBlrdΩ

nigkarTTYlxus®tUv. ”TahrN_

siTiÏeVHeq~at

k~ ¨gkareVHeq~atshB&nÏBuMVn®tUveKGnuBaÔat[®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUbenaHeT

rhUtmkdl’q~aM1965.

ya‘gNamij k~ ¨gq~aM1967BlrdΩGU®s∂alICag90PaKryVneVHeq~at®bCamti edIm∫I®bKl’GMNacdl’rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI[tak’Etgc∫ab’sMrab’Cn

CatiedImGU®s∂alI nigp∂l’siTiÏdl’BYkeKedIm∫I[eKKitbBaÕËlk~

¨gCMerOn®bCaCnk~ ¨g®beTs. lTÏpl®bCamtiVnp∂l’kMritxıs’bMput´nyuTÏnakareXasna

d*x¬aMgk¬amYy TaMgCnCatiedIm nigG~kEdlminEmnCnCatiedImGU®s∂alI. eKVnemIleXIjya‘gTUlMTUlayfaCakarbBaÇak’karBitd*Cak’c∫as’mYy´nbM

Ng®Vf~arbs’BlrdΩGU®s∂alI Edlcg’eXIjrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIcat’viFankarpÊal’ edIm∫I[lk≈&x&NÎrs’enA´nBlrdΩedImGU®s∂alImanPaBkan’Et

®besIreLIg.

bcÕ¨¨b∫n~enHeKV‘n®bmaNfacMnYnCnCatiedIm∫IGU®s∂alIman®bEhl483,000nak’

…®bEhl2˘3PaKry´ncMnYn®bCaCnsrub. vb∫Fm·CnCatiedIm

KWCaEp~kmYyya‘gsMxan’´nGt∂sBaÔaNCatirbs’®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIyCnCatiGabUrICInI nigCnrs’enAtamekaH Torres Strait Islander

rYmcMENkviPaKTanya‘gsem∫Im KYr[Kt’sm�al’k~ ¨g®Kb’vis&yCae®cInrYmmansil∫: ®bB&nÏpßB√pßay ®KwHsƒansikßa kILa nigGaCIvkmµ.

rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIemIlxus®tUvelIkmµviFI nigeKalnieyaVyEdlmaneKalbMNgCYyshKmn_CnCatiedIm CMnHnUvPaBminesµ IK~aEdlenAEtmanenA

eLIyk~ ¨gtMbn’x¬H. KMnitp∂Ácep∂ImTaMgenHmanrYmTaMgkicÕ®bwgE®bgEklMGEp~ksuxPaB

lMenAdΩan karGb’rM nig{kasTTYlVnkargar.

rdΩaPiVlk*eb∂C∆acit∂pgEdredIm∫IFanafaCnCatiedImGacmanlTÏPaBe®bI®Vs’ …mankmµsiTiÏdIF¬

I EdlBYkeKmansmaKmeTAtamCMenO TMenomTm¬ab’Ca

nirn∂ …mYyeKGacCYyGPivDÛn_sg�m vb∫Fm· nigesdΩkicçrbs’x¬ Án. dI®bEhl16PaKry´n®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCakmµsiTiÏ

…®Kb’®KgedayCnCati

edIm. dIF¬ IenaHPaKe®cInenAk~ ¨gtMbn’dac’®syal.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• ®ksYg®KYsar kicÕbMerIshKmn_ nigkicÕkarCnCatiedIm www.facsia.gov.au

• viT¥asƒanGU®s∂alÍ nkarsikßaGMBICnCatiGabUrICInI nigCnrs’enAtamekaHTorres Strait Islander Studies www.aiatsis.gov.au

CnCatiGWur‘

ubdMbUg

enAGm¬ ¨gedImq~aM1960 G~k®sav®CavrukrkCnCati hULg’ (Dutch), B&rTuyeh� (Portuguese) nigeGs∫a‘j‘ ¨l (Spanish) VnraykarN_GMBI

karemIleXIjPaKepßg@´nCYrmat’®caMgsmu®T´nG√IEdlenAeBlenaHeKs�al’faCa

Terra Australis Incognita (TwkdIPaKxagt∫ËgEdleKBuMEdl

s�al’).

k~ ¨gq~aM1770 CnCatiGg’eK¬sm~ak’eQµaHelak James Cook VneFI√dMeNIrtamnavarbs’elakeQµaH

HM Barque Endeavour Edl eF√IdMe

NIrtameq~rsmu®TPaKxagekIt´n®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIyVnTamTarkEn¬genaH[enAe®kamkar®Kb’®Kgrbs’es†c´n®beTsGg’eK¬s

(British Crown). ®beTsGg’eK¬seBle®kaymkeTot VnsMerce®bITItaMgfµ IenAenaHCaGaNaniKmsMrab’”®kidΩCn.


kartaMgTIlMenArbs’BYkGWur‘

ubVncab’ep∂Im

edaymankarmkdl’kMBg’EpsIudnIy

(Sydney Harbour) enA´f©TI26 Exmkra q~aM1788rbs’kgnava

cMnYn11. kgnavaTImYybBaÇaedayelak Arthur Phillip CavresnIy‰kk~ ¨gkgnavacrPUminÊ (Royal Navy) VnnaMmknUvmnusßcMnYn®bEhl

1500nak’ rYmmanG~keTascMnYn750nak’eTAkan’GaNaniKmfµ IenaH.

elak Phillip Vnk¬ayCaeTsaPiVldMbUgeK´nGaNaniKmrdΩjËvesAEvl (New South Wales) edayfaenAsm¥aHdIeKak´n®beTs

GU®s∂alIVn®tUveKs�al’ehIy.

edaysarEtmane®KOgp�t’p�g’tictYcs∂Áces∂Igmktamx¬

Án kartaMgTIlMenAedImq~aMVnCYb®bTHnwgkars¬ab’edayGt’Gahar nigkarGt’Gahar. enAeBlcug

e®kay sƒanPaBk*Vn®besIrCagmunedaymannavaCMnYymkdl’Tan’. enAeBlenaHEdlelak Phillip VncakecjBIGaNaniKmk~ ¨gq~aM1792

eKk*Vne®bIGaKarsMNg’k~ ¨gdMNak’kaldMbUgCMnYstg’ EdleKVne®bIsMrab’eFI√CMrkenAsMrab’G~kmkdl’dMbUg

ehIy®kugsIudnIyk*Vncab’ep†

Imecj

CarUbrageLIg.

k~ ¨gry:eBlBIrbIq~aMkn¬gmk®kugsIudnI

Vnk¬aCaEpsMctd*mmajwkmYy EdlmannavaecjcUlmkBITIq©ay@dUcCa®beTsru‘sßI

Gaemrik nigVraMg.

cMnYn®bCaCnVnekIneLIgdl’5,000nak’mkTl’q~aM1800 edayenAeBlenaHkartaMgTIlMenAVnxiteTAdl’tMbn’V‘ra‘ma‘ta (Parramatta).

BIq~aM1810 eTAq~aM1821GaNaniKmenaH®tUvVn®Kb’®Kgedayelak Lachlan Macquarie EdlCaemdwknaMm~ak’k~ ¨gcMeNamemdwknaMd*mansar:

sMxan’KYr[kt’sm�al’Cae®cInnak’´n®bvt∂isa®s∂edIm´n®beTsGU®s∂alI.

k~ ¨gGaNt† irbs’elakCaGPiVl®Kb’®Kg elakVneFI√[mankarp¬as’b∂ËrBI

GaNaniKmniymEdlp†nÊaeTasG~keTas eTACakartaMgTIlMenAedayEpÌkelImUldΩansh®KasesrIEdl”btƒm∏eLIgedayBlkmµrbs’G~keTas.

mkTl’q~aM1820 G~keTascMnYn30,000nak’ nigG~ktaMgTIlMenAesrIcMnYn4,500nak’ Vnmkdl’TwkdIGaNaniKm. G~ktaMgTIlMenAesrIVnbeg˚It

ksidΩan nigGaCIvkmµk¨¨~gxN:EdlTwkdIGaNaniKmVnbn∂eqıaHeTAkan’PaBcMrugcMerIn.

eTaHbIBYkG~keTasVntsflUk~

¨gPaBlMVkCae®cInk~ ¨gsm&y

dMbUgk*eday G~keTasCae®cInenATIbMputVnTTYlkareKarBsresIr edaysarEteKVnxM®bwgE®bgeFI√kar

ehIyG~kTaMgenaHPaKe®cInmanCMnajkar

k~ ¨gkarrksIu®bkbmuxbr

nigviCÇaCIv:. cab’BIq~aM1788 rhUtdl’kardwkCBaÇËnG~keTasVn®tUvbBaÕb’k~

¨gq~aM1868 burs nig®s∂IcMnYn160,000nak’

Vn®tUveKnaMykmkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gPaBCaG~keTas.

edImq~aMdMbUge®kaykartaMgTIlMenA manmnusßVns�al’tictYcNas’GMBÍ pÊk~ ¨g´n®beTs - eBalKWmanCYreq~rsmu®Td*FMl√wgel√Iydac’knʨyEP~k.

kalenaHmansmıaFkan’EtekIneLIgedIm∫IEs√grkdIsMrab’eFI√ksidΩan

nigdIEdlmanesµAduHsMrab’ciBaçwmst√ecom

ehIynig®bPBfµ Í nTwksÌat nigkar

dΩansMrab’kartaMgTIlMenAd´TeTot.

G~k®sav®CavrukrkCae®cInnak’Vnq¬gkat’dMeNIrebskkmµd*lMVk nig®bkbeday”bsK�Cae®cInenAPaKxageCIg nigxagt∫ËgtambeN∂aytMbn’eq~r

smu®T nigPaKxagliccUleTAelIdIeKakq©ayBIsmu®T Evkrkp¬ Ëvkat’tamCYrP~ MEdlmaneQµaHfa Great Dividing Range. eBle®kaymkeTot

G~kepßgeTotk*VncUleTAk~ ¨gtMbn’x¬HEdlPaKe®cInEdlminGacrs’enAVn manrYmTaMgtMbn’ Nullarbor Plain EdlesÊIrEtKµaneP¬øgF¬ak’esaH

nigtMbn’BayB¥´n®beTsGU®s∂alI. manCnCae®cInVnVt’bg’CIvit.

k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gbITsßvtßr_kn¬gmkeTot ®kumG~ktaMgTIlMenAVneFI√tMrab’tamG~krukrkelIdIeKakq©ayBIsmu®T

ehIyVnbMEbkK~aCae®cInBaseBjTIkEn¬g

EdlGacrs’enAVn´n®beTsenH. Van Diemen’s Land (rdΩfasµanIya‘ / Tasmania) Vnk¬ayCaGaNaniKmdac’edayELkk~ ¨gq~aM1825

ehIykartaMgTIlMenAfµ IVn®tUvbeg˚IteLIgEdlbcÕ¨¨b∫n~enHehAfaX√InEs¬n

(Queensland) victUrIya‘ GU®s∂alIxagt∫Ëg nigGU®s∂alIxaglic.

karrIkcMerIn´n”sßahkmµpliteramst√ nigkarrukrkeXIjmasenAjËvesAEvl nigvictUrIya‘k~ ¨gq~aM1851 VnnaM[mankarekIneLIgya‘gsem∫Im´n

cMnYnG~ktaMgTIlMenAesrImkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alI.

cMnYn®bCaCnGU®s∂alIsrubekIneLIg3dgBI430,000nak’k~ ¨gq~aM1851 eTA1˘7lannak’k~ ¨gq~aM1871 PaKe®cIn´nCneTIbmkdl’fµ I@TaMgenHKWCn

CatiGg’eK¬s k*b‘ uEn∂BYkeKrYmk*manmkBIGaemrik VraMg GIutalI

GaLWm‘g’ b‘ ULËj nighg’h�arI (Hungary). CnCaticin®bEhl40,000nak’k*Vn

eTAkan’®beTsGU®s∂alIEdrk~ ¨gkarrukrkmas - Ca®kummYyd*FMCageKbgÌs’bnÊab’BIBYkCnCatiGg’eK¬s.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

17


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

18

kMeNIt´n®beTsCati

GaNaniKmrdΩjËvesAEvlVnkan’kab’taMgBIedImmkesÊIrEtEp~kPaKxagekItTaMgGs’´n®beTs.

Cabn∂bnÊab’mkGaNaniKmd´TeTotVnbeg˚IteLIg

enAeBlEdlBYkeKVnbMEbkx¬ ÁnecjBIkartaMgTIlMenABIedImdMbUg.

k~ ¨gq~aM1852rdΩaPiVl®Kb’®Kgedayx¬ Án‰g®tUvVn®bKl’[eTAGaNaniKmfµ ITaMgenH. eTaHya‘gNak∂IenAeBlEdlGaNaniKmnImYy@man®bB&nÏ

karBar®beTs´®bsnIy_ BaNiCÇkmµ nigKmnaKmn_dwkCBaÇËn

®bCaBlrdΩk*VnTTYls�al’kan’EtekIneLIg@nUvesck∂I®tUvkarsMrab’sh®btibt∂ikarkan’

EtFMeLIgk~ ¨gcMeNamkartaMgTIlMenA. TnÊwmnwgK~aenHEdrk*mankarekIneLIgnUvGarmµN_´nCatiniym.

enAcugstvtßr_TI19 emaTn:PaB´nBlrdΩ nigPaBcMrugcMerInEp~kesdΩkicÕekInkan’Ete®cIneLIg. Exßp¬ ËvEdkdMbUgrbs’®beTs®tUvVnsemıaFk~ ¨g®kug

Em‘lbfln ehIyTUrelxeGLic®tUnicdMbUgk*Vn®tUvsemıaFk~ ¨g®kugEm‘lbflnEdr. saklviT¥al&yVn®tUvbeg˚IteLIgk~

¨g®kugsIudnIy

nigEm‘lbfln

ehIyGaKarsaFarN:KYr[cab’GarmµN_cg’KyKn’k*Vn®tUvsagsg’eLIg.

®Bwt∂ikarN_BIrepßgeTotVnKUscMNaMkarvivt∂n_´n®beTsGU®s∂alI

eTACa®beTsmYyEdl‰kraC¥. k~ ¨gq~aM1870 kgT&BGg’eK¬scuge®kayVncakecj

BI®beTsenH KW80q~aMe®kaykarmkdl’´nkgnavaTImYy. TnÊwmnwgK~aenHEdr

karebIkE®Bk Suez Canal Vnkat’bnƒy ‘cm©ayd*q©ay´®kElg ‘

BIGWur‘

ub EdlekInkarhUrcUl´nG~kmkdl’fµ Imkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alI. mkTl’nwgq~aM1880 cMnYn®bCaCnGU®s∂alIVnekIne®cInCagBIrlannak’.

PaBcMrugcMerInxagesdΩkicÕrbs’®beTs Vnbn∂dMeNIrkarrhUtdl’manPaBraMgs© Át nigkarF¬ak’cuH´nesdΩkicÕmkraraMgk~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gq~aM1980. sMrab’®bFan

sPatMNagra®s∂rdΩjËvesAEvlelak Edmund Barton nigtMNagra®s∂d´TepßgeTot karF¬ak’dundab´nesdΩkicÕVnbBaÇak’GMBIkareb∂C∆acit∂

cMeBaHKMnitrbs’rdΩaPiVlCatimYy EdlGacnwgGnuvt∂dMeNaH®sayTUlMTUlaymYysMrab’®beTsGU®s∂alI eTAnwgbBa˙aTaMgLaydUcCaBaNiCÇkmµ

eKalneyaVy nigkarBar®beTs.

rvagq~aM1898 nig1900 BlrdΩGU®s∂alIVneVHeq~atTTYls�al’shB&nÏ. shB&nÏGU®s∂alIVnbeg˚IteLIgenAExmkra

q~aM1901 tamry:shB&nÏ

´nrdΩTaMg®VMmYy enAe®kamrdΩFmµnuBaÔEtmYy. cMnYn®bCaCnminEmnCnCatiedIm enAeBlbeg˚ItCashB&nÏmancMnYn3˘8lannak’.

naykrdΩm®n∂ITImYyrbs’®beTsGU®s∂alIKWelak

Edmund Barton EdldwknaMclnasMrab’shB&nΩk~ ¨grdΩjËvesAEvl. sPadMbUgrbs’®beTs

VnebIkT√arenA‰GaKareQµaH Exhibition Building k~ ¨g®kugEm‘lbfln enA´f©TI9 Exemsa q~aM1901.

bN∂asƒabnik´n®bCaCatifµ IenHcg’[®beTsGU®s∂alImanPaBcuHs®mugK~a manPaBBak’B&nÏK~a nigsmPaBBlrdΩ. eKmanKMniteCOnelOnGMBIsiTiÏmnusß

karGeg˚temIl´nrebobrbblTiÏ®bCaFibety¥

nigt´m¬´nsn¬ wkeq~atCasm©at’.

®beTsGU®s∂alICa®beTsmYy´nbN∂a®beTsEdlp∂l’siTiÏdl’®s∂IedIm∫IeVHeq~at

nigsiTiÏeFI√CasPatMNagra®s∂

- rdΩGU®s∂alIxagt∫ËgVnB®gIk

siTÏiTaMgenHeTA[®s∂Ik~

¨gq~aM1895. ®s† IGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUbVnQ~HsiTiÏedIm∫IeVHeq~at

ehIysiTiÏeFI√CatMNagra®s∂enAk~

¨gsPashB&nÏk~ ¨gq~aM1902.

shB&nÏVnekIteLIgP¬am@k~ ¨gry:eBl´nsƒanPaBd*lÌbMput ehIyBIq~aM1901 rhUtdl’karekIteLIg´ns®g�amelakelIkTI1k~ ¨gq~aM1914 ehIyvDÛn

PaBd*e®cInelIslub®tUvVneFI√eLIgk~

¨gkarGPivDÛn_esdΩkicÕrbs’®beTsGU®s∂alI niyay[cMKWsmtƒPaB´nEp~kksikmµ nig”sßahkmµrbs’®beTs.

tMbn’ Yass–Canberra Vn®tUve®CIsCakEn¬geFI√rdΩFanICatik~

¨gq~aM1908. enAeBlenaHeKVnyl’®sbK~aeTAelIkEn¬geFI√rdΩFanIfµ

IenaH ehIykar

®bkYt®bECgsMrab’KMeragsagsg’Vn®tUveFI√eLIgk~

¨gq~aM1911. KMeragsagsg’enaHVn®tUve®CIserIsecjBIKe®mag®bkYt®bECgcMnYn137 EdlVn

dak’CUnedaysƒabt¥krenATI®kugCIkaeh�a (Chicago) eQµaHelak Walter Burley Griffin. TI®kug Canberra Vn®tUvdak’eQµaHCap¬ Ëvkar

enA´f©TI12 Exmina q~aM1913.

GaKarmYye®bIbeN∂aHGasn~CamnÊIrrdΩsPaVncab’ep∂ImeLIgenA´f©28

ExsIha q~aM1923enA®kug Canberra enAkardΩansagsg’EdlenABIe®kam

kardΩansagsg’ Griffin Edldak’es~ IeLIgsMrab’mnÊIrrdΩsPaGcí

®n∂y_. karcab’ep† ImrdΩsPadMbUgenA®kug Canberra rYmmankareFI√BiFIsemıaF

enA´f©TI9 Ex”sPa q~aM1927.


≤TÏiBl´ns®g�am

eTaHbICaGU®s∂alIVnTTYl‰kraC¥Ca®beTsmYyk*eday karpßarPÇab’TMnak’TMngmenaseBaÕtna nig®KYsard*rwgmaMCamYynwg®beTsGg’eK¬senAEt

mandEdl. enAeBl®beTsGg’eK¬sVn®bkass®g�amCamYy®beTsGaLWm‘g’ e®kayBI®beTsenHVnQ¬anBan®beTsbwlCwm (Belgium)

k~ ¨gq~aM1914 ®beTsGU®s∂alIVnrYmK~ak~ ¨gkarKaM®T®beTsGg’eK¬s.

s®g�amelakelIkTI1man≤TiÏBlya‘gF©n’F©rmkelI®beTsGU®s∂alI.

k~ ¨gq~aM1914 cMnYn®bCaCnsrub´n®beTsGU®s∂alIKW®bEhl4˘5lannak’

ehIydUec~HehIycMnYn®bCaCnePT®bus®bEhlCamancMnYnticCagbIlannak’. k*b‘ uEn∂bursGU®s∂alIcMnYn®bEhl417,000nak’ Vnsµ &®Kcit†®byuTÏ

k~ ¨gs®g�am ehIymnusßCag330,000nak’Vnsµ &®Kcit†cUl®byuTÏ. yuTÏCn®bEhl60,000Vns¬ab’ ehIyCag152,000nak’VnTTYlrgrbYs

enAeBlCitcb’s®g�amk~ ¨gq~aM1918.

tambTBiesaFn_enH t´m¬´nkartsflU®TaMlMVkmYyVnekIteLIgKW:

sµartI nig≤riyabTd*eq~ Im´n Anzac k~ ¨gkarelIkTwkcit∂sµartI nig ‘BYkePOn /

mateship ’.

erogral’q~aMenA´f©TI25 Exemsa ®beTsGU®s∂alIeFI√BiFIrMlwkxYbGnusßavrIy_GMBIsmrPUmi®byuTÏEdlVnTTYlbraC¥ATIbMput

k*b‘ uEn∂®bkbeday

esck∂Ik¬ahanEdlenAq~aM1915

kg®bdab’GavuFGU®s∂alI nigjËvehflßLwn Australia and New Zealand Army Corps EdlmaneQµaH

Anzacs Vn®byuTÏrYmCamYynwgkgT&Bsmı&nÏmit∂d´TeTotenA‰

Gallipoli k~ ¨g®beTsTYrKI.

Anzacs (rYmK~aCamYykgT&BGg’eK¬s VraMg nig≤eNÎø) VncUlctenA‰ Gallipoli k~ ¨geKalbMNgdeN∂ImykeCaKC&yelIT&BTYrKI

edaybg≈MdM

eNIrnavatamry: Dardanelles nigTMlak’®Kab’Ebk Constantinople. ya‘gNamij Exßeq~rsmu®TEdlmanfµP~ M ehIyecaT ehIykarkarBar

d*®kajnenolya‘gesµaHsµ &®Krbs’kgT&BTYrKIVnrujBYksmı &nÏmit∂fyeTAvij ehIy Anzacs VndkkgT&Brbs’x¬ ÁnecjenA´f©TI20 ExF~ Ë q~aM1915.

yuTÏnakar®byuTÏEdlmanry:eBl®VMbIEx VnbN∂al[kgT&BGU®s∂alI®bmaN8,700nak’VnVt’bg’CIvitk~ ¨gs®g�am …k*Vns¬ab’edaysar

rbYs …Cm© W.

sB√´f©enH Anzac Day eFI√BiFIrMlwkxYbGnusßavrIy_

min®twmEt Anzacs edImkMeNItb‘ ueNâHeT k*b‘ uEn∂rMlwkdl’yuTÏCnGU®s∂alIEdlVn®byuTÏ

k~ ¨gs®g�amtaMgBIeBlenaHmk.

ry:eBlrvags®g�amelakTaMgBIr (1919-1939) VnEs∂g[eXIjnUvGesƒrPaBsg�m nigesdΩkicÕ CaBiessk~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gCae®cInq~aM´nkarF¬ak’dundab

ya‘gx¬aMg´nesdΩkicÕ (Great Depression) enA®KaenaHEdlsƒab&nhirBaÔvtƒ¨¨GU®s∂alICae®cInVnTTYlbraC&y.

karF¬ak’cuHya‘gx¬aMgnUvt´m¬eramst√ nig®sUvsalI (karnaMecjsMxan’rbs’GU®s∂alI) kardkTunecjrbs’Gg’eK¬s nigkarF¬ak’cuHnUvt´m¬´nkarnaMecjd´T

epßgeTot VnbN∂al[manvibt∂ihirBaÔvtƒ¨ya‘gF©n’F©r.

kar≤tkargareFI√VnekIneLIgya‘gx¬aMgKYr[kt’sm�al’

ehIyenAq~aM1933 CitmYyPaKbÍ n

km¬aMgkargar BuMmankargareFI√

ehIy®Vk’cMNUlCatiVnF¬ak’cuHya‘gdMNM.

enAk~ ¨gxN:Edl®beTsrYcputBIkarF¬ak’cuHdundab´nesdΩkicÕ ehIyCag20q~aMtictYce®kays®g�amenHbBaÕb’s®g�amTaMgGs’ BiPBelakekItman

s®g�amm∂geTot. k~ ¨gq~aM1939 ®beTsGg’eK¬sVn®bkass®g�amCamYy®beTsGaLWm‘g’ e®kayeBl®beTsenHVnQ¬anBan®beTsb‘ ULËj.

nayrdΩm®n∂IGU®s∂alIelak

Robert Menzies Vneq¬ Iytbfa®beTsGU®s∂alIk*®tUvcUleFI√s®g�amEdr.

k~ ¨gGML¨¨gs®g�amelakelIkTI2

kgkm¬aMgGU®s∂alIVnrYmcMENkya‘gsMxan’cMeBaHC&yCMnHrbs’smı&nÏmit∂k~

¨gT√IbGWur‘

ub GasIu

nigV‘sIuh√ik.

cMnYn

mnusßs¬ab’ nigrbYsmankMritxıs’ GU®s∂alIesÊIr®bEhlCa40,000nak’Vns¬ab’

ehIye®cInnak’eTotVnTTYlrgrbYs.

G~kCMnan’enaHEdlVn®byuTÏk~ ¨gs®g�am ehIyVnrs’ranmanCIvitVnelceF¬areLIg®bkbedayx¬ wmsar´nemaTn:PaB zitk~ ¨gsmtƒPaB´n®beTs

GU®s∂alI ehIyFatuBitKWfaerOgvivaTVnmkdl’cMmat’®ck´n®beTsGU®s∂alIEtm∂g ehIyCamYynwgkarF¬ak’cuH´n®beTssaMgkab‘ U karTm¬ak’®Kab’Ebk

rbs’Cb‘ unk~ ¨g®kug Broome, Darwin nig Townsville k~ ¨gPaKxageCIg´n®beTsGU®s∂alI (karvay®bhar´nnavamuCTwkenAkMBugEp®kugsIud

nIy) ehIysmrPUmi®byuTÏ®bqaMgnwgkgkm¬aMgQ¬anBanrbs’Cb‘ untambeN∂ay Kokoda Track EdlbcÕ¨

Guinea.

Eddy, this is “ The impact of war”

¨b∫n~enHKW Papua New

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

19


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

20

dUc Gallipoli Edr smrPUmi®byuTÏ Kokoda Vnk¬ayCanimit∂rUbesck∂Ik¬ahan

nigsµartÍ nGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gs®g�am. GU®s∂alIsrubTaMgGs’625nak’

VnVt’bg’CIvit ehIy1055nak’VnTTYlrgrbYsk~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gkar®byuTÏmanry:eBlbYnExk~ ¨gsƒanPaBKYr[®BWx¬ac edIm∫IbeN∂jkm¬aMgQ¬anBanCb‘ un

mYy®kumEdlVncuHctenAeq~rxageCIg´n Papua k~ ¨geKalbMNgek∂abk∂ab’ Port Moresby.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

Australian War Memorial www.awm.gov.au.

vibulPaB nigkarp¬as’b† Ër

CnePosx¬ Án nigGen∂a®bevsn_rab’mWunnak’Vnmkk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gry:eBle®kaycb’s®g�amP¬am KWenAcMeBlmYyEdlmankarx√HkmµkrEdlman

smtƒPaBk~ ¨gvisß&y”sßahkmµGU®s∂alI.

esdΩkicÕmankarrIkcMerInx¬aMgk~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gq~aM1950 ehIy®bkbeTAedayPaBmankargareFI√eBjeljk~

¨gvisalPaBmYy ®beTsGU®s∂alICaTUeTAmanPaB

cMrugcMerIneCOnelOn. G®ta´nkmµsiTiÏpÊHsEm∫gVnekIncMnYnya‘gx¬aMgKYr[kt’sm�al’BI®twmEt40PaKryb‘

ueNâH enAk~ ¨gq~aM1947 eTAdl’Cag70PaK

ryenAcugGm¬ ¨gq~aM1960.

cMnYn®bCaCnekInBI®bEhl7˘4lannak’ enAk~ ¨gq~aM1945 eTA10˘4lannak’enAk~ ¨gq~aM1960. smasPaK´ncMnYn®bCaCnVncab’ep∂ImmandMeNIr

p¬as’b∂Ërya‘gx¬aMgKYr[kt’sm�al’enAeBlenaH

edaymankarekIncMnYnCnGen∂a®bevsn_ EdlminEmnCnCatiGg’eK¬sVnmkdl’®beTsGU®s∂alI.

TMnak’TMngBaNiCÇkmµGU®s∂alIk*Vnp¬as’b∂ËrEdr

eday®beTsCb‘ unk¬ayCa´dKUBaNiCÇkmµd*cMbgrbs’®beTsGU®s∂alI CMnYs®beTsGg’eK¬sk~ ¨gGm¬ ¨g

q~aM1970.

karGtivDÛn_d´TepßgeTotmankarB®gIkCalMdab’´nkmµviFIEp~ksg�mkicÕrbs’rdΩaPiVl nigkarcUlmkdl’´nTUrTsßn_k~ ¨gq~aM1956 - KWk~ ¨gq~aMCamYy

K~aenHEdrEdl®kugEm‘lbflnVneFI√CaG~kTTYlTTYlerobcMkILaGULaMBik

enAeBlenaHKWCa®Bwt∂ikarN_Gn∂rCatid*FMmYyVn®b®Bwt∂eLIgEdlminF¬ab’man

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.

cab’taMgBIs®g�amelakelIkTI2 smı

&nÏPaB´nKN:bkßesrI (Liberal) nigKN:bkß Country (bcÕ¨

¨b∫n~enHKWCaKN:bkß National) Edlman

GNt† ikan’kab’srubGs’ry:eBle®cInCag40q~aM ehIyKN:bkßkargarGU®s∂alI (Australian Labor Party) manGNt† ikan’kab’srubGs’ry:

eBlsrub20q~aM.

dMeNIr´nkarGPivDÛn_sg�m nigesdΩkicÕenAEtbn∂dMeNIrkar.

k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gBIrTsßvtßr_kn¬geTAenH karEkT®mg’Ep~kesdΩkicÕd*FMmYyVn®tUvGnuvt∂ ehIyCae®cInq~aMfµ I@enH ®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCa®beTsmYyk~ ¨gcMeNam

®beTsGPivDÛn_EdlsEm∂gskmµPaB®besIrbMputk~ ¨gBiPBelak CamYynwgkarrIkcMerInxagesdΩkicÕ beg˚In[man{kaskargareFI√fµ

I@ nigkarTTYlVn

nUvplitPaBEdlkMNt’bTdΩanrs’enAkan’Etxıs’sMrab’BlrdΩGU®s∂alI.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• bNâl&yCatí n®beTsGU®s†alI www.nla.gov.au

• p¬ ËvlMEp~kvb∫Fm· nigkarkmßan†rbs’rdΩaPiVlGU®s†alI www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au


®bCaBlrdΩEdlehA®beTsGU®s∂alIfaCaPUmikMeNIt

Gen∂a®bevsn_CanicÕkalKWCaFatud*sMxan’mYyk~ ¨gkarksagCatik~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. G~ktaMgTIlMenAVncab’ep∂ Immkdl’k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIBIq~aM1788.

CnGen∂a®bevsn_CamF¥m®bEhl50,000nak’ Vnmkk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gmYyq~aM@k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gsm&y´nkars®mukrkmask~ ¨gBak’kN∂alstvtßr_

TI19. CnGen∂a®bevsn_mkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alImanCabn∂bnÊab’e®cInq~aMe®kaymk Edlq¬ ¨HbBaÕaMgsƒanPaBesdΩkicÕ nigsg�mk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI nig

kEn¬gd´TeTot.

PaKe®cIn´nCnGen∂a®bevsn_dMbUgmkBI®beTsGg’eK¬s nigeGorLg’ (Ireland) ehIyekr∂i_dMENleGgk¬

ËCnEs∫ks (Anglo–Celtic) rbs’x¬ Án

KWCamUldΩan´n®bCaCatifµ I.

enAeBlcb’s®g�amelakelIkTI2 manmnusßrab’lannak’enA®beTsGWuru‘bVnp¬as’b∂ËrmkBI®beTsedImkMeNItrbs’x¬

Án. k~ ¨geBlCamYyK~aenaHman

karx√HxatEp~kBlkmµya‘gsem∫ImenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI nigkarkan’EtmanCMenOfakarekIncMnYn®bCaCnd*e®cInmansar:sMxan’cMeBaHGnaKt´n®beTs

Cati.

kt∂aTaMgenH nigkt∂aepßgeTotVnnaMeTArkkarbeg˚It®ksYgGen∂a®bevsn_shB&nÏk~

¨gq~aM1945. ®ksYgenHF¬ab’maneQµaHTÍ TBIK~a VnmandMeNIrkar

Canirn∂taMgBIeBlenaHmk.

mkdl’q~aM1947 kMeNInqab’rh&s´nGen∂a®bevsn_kMBugmandMeNIrkar edaymancMnYnG~kmkdl’ekIneLIgmYycMnYnFMrab’bBaÕËlTaMgG~kVnmkdl’

Cae®cIntamkareFI√dMeNIrEdlCYye®CamE®CgedayrdΩaPiVl.

PaKe®cIn´nCnGen∂a®bevsn_TaMgenHmkBI®beTsGWr‘ ub ehIyedaysareKalneyaVy

’GU®s∂alIEs∫ks ’ (‘White Australia’) EdlVndak’kMritGen∂a®bevsn_BIPaKCae®cInepßgeTot´nBiPBelak KWBIshB&nÏk~ ¨gq~aM1901 rhUt

dl’edImGm¬ ¨gq~aM1970.

mnusßCae®cInk~ ¨gcMeNammnusß6˘5lannak’EdlVnmkdl’GU®s∂alIcab’taMgBIq~aM1945 bN∂almkBIkarb∂Ërp∂ac’cMeBaH®KYsar

…karcg’eKc[putBI

PaB®kI®k s®g�am …karB¥aVT. eKVntaMgcit∂edIm∫IerobcMCIvitfµ IsMrab’x¬ ÁneK nig®KYsarrbs’eKpÊal’ ehIymanqnÊH”sßah_eFI√kar

edIm∫ITTYlVnpl

®beyaCn_´n{kaslÌrbs’eK.

”TahrN_ CnGen∂a®bevsn_Cag100,000nak’ mkBIbN†a®beTscMnYn30 VneFI√karenA

Snowy Mountains Scheme (e®KagkarN_ P~ M®Bil)

KMeragbeg˚It[manfamBlGK�snI

edaykm¬aMgTwkhUrenAelICYrP~ M Australian Alps (G&l∫ GU®s∂alI) Eb‘kxagt∫Ëg. KMeragenHcMNay

eBl25q~aMedIm∫IeFI√[ehIy

cab’BIq~aM1949 rhUtdl’q~aM1974.

enABak’kN∂alGm¬ ¨gq~aM1970 kardak’kMritxagedImeTAelIkarcUlmk´nCnCatiminEmnGWr‘ ubVn®tUvdkecjCalMdab’ ehIytaMgBIeBlenaHmkeKal

nreyaVyGen∂a®bevsn_rbs’®beTsGU®s∂alIKWminmankarerIseGIgG√IeT.

edImkMeNIrCatiBnÏ ePT Catisasn_rbs’buK�lm~ak’@minmancMENkk~ ¨g

karkMNt’siTiÏsuMTidΩakarbs’BYkeKeT.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• ®ksYgGen†a®bevsn_ nigkarcUlsBaÇati www.immi.gov.au

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

21


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

22

lTiÏ®bCaFibety¥

nigrdΩaPiVl

®beTsGU®s∂alImanG~ktMNaglTiÏ®bCaFiety¥

- eBalKWCa®bB&nÏ´nrdΩaPiVltamEbbsPa EdlenAk~ ¨genaH®bCaBlrdΩGU®s∂alIGaccUlrYmcMENk

ehIymansiTiÏbeBaÕjeyabl’.

®bB&nÏenHEpÌkelIkarGnuvt∂n_lTiÏ®bCaFibety¥

nigelIkTwkcit∂[mankarGt’{nxagEpÌksasna nigesrIPaBk~ ¨gkarbeg˚ItsmaKm.

bN∂asƒab&n

nigkarGnuvt∂n_KWCaEp~kya‘gsMxan’´nrdΩaPiVlCatiGU®s∂alI manlk≈N:BiessCae®cInrYmCamYynwgTMenomTm¬abb’rbs’®beTsGg’eK¬s nigGaemrik

xageCIg.

rdΩFmµnuBaÔ®beTsGU®s∂alI

shB&nÏGU®s∂alI Vn®tUvbeg˚IteLIgCa®beTsCatishB&nÏenAeBlEdlrdΩFmµnuBaÔGU®s∂alIVncUlCaFrmanenA´f©TI1

Exmkra q~aM1901. rdΩFmµnuBaÔ

GU®s∂alIbeg˚ItKMeragsMrab’rdΩaPiVlCatiGU®s∂alI.

rdΩFmµnuBaÔGac®tUveKEk®bVn k*b‘ uEn∂Tal’EtmankarGnum&tyl’®Bm´nG~kmansiTiÏeVHeq~at®bCamti

eFI√eLIgeyagtamesck∂It®mUvkar´nrdΩFmµnuBaÔ.

karEkE®bNamYy®tUvEtmankarGnum&teT√PaKe®cIn -eBalKWPaKe®cIn´nG~keVHeq~at ®BmCamYynwgPaKe®cIn´nG~keVHeq~atecjBIPaKe®cIn´nbN∂a

rdΩnana (ya‘gehacNas’cMnYnbYnrdΩecjBIrdΩTaMg®VMmYy).

shB&nΩGU®s∂alI

rdΩFmµnuBaÔbeg˚It®bB&nΩshB&nΩ´nrdΩaPiVlEdlmanrdΩaPiVlshB&nΩ

(…rdΩaPiVlCati) nigrdΩaPiVl´nrdΩnImYy@. elIsBIenHeTot EdndIEdlCa

s√&y®Kb’®Kg®tUvVnbeg˚IteLIgtaMgEtBIedImmkedayrdΩsPashB&nΩEdl®btibt∂ikarPaKe®cIndUcbN∂ardΩnana

nigsƒab&nrdΩaPiVltMbn’®tUvVnbeg˚It

eLIgtaMgBIedImmkedaybN∂ardΩ nigEdndIedIm∫IedaH®saybBa˙atamtMbn’x¬H@ (dUcCacMNtrfyn† p¬ Ëvf~l’tamtMbn’ nigkar®bmUlsMramCaedIm).

rdΩFmµnuBaÔGU®s∂alIEcgkmµvtƒËdlsPashB&nΩGactak’Etgc∫ab’.

kmµvtƒ¨TaMgenHmanrYmTaMgkicÕkare®kA®beTs

BaNiCÇkmµrvagrdΩ nigrdΩ nigGn∂rCati

karBar®beTs nigGen∂a®bevsn_. edayeyageTAtamkarelIkElgBit®VkdNamYy bN∂alrdΩnana nigEdndIGactak’Etgc∫ab’GMBIkmµvtƒ¨¨NamYy

EdlmankarTak’TineTArdΩ …EdndI. ya‘gNamij bN∂ardΩ nigEdndIminGactak’Etgc∫ab’EdlmanPaBmin®sbK~aCamYyc∫ab’shB&nΩeT. ”TahrN_

´nkEn¬gTaMgLayEdl®Kb’®Kgedayc∫ab’rdΩ nigEdndIKWvis&yGb’rM p¬ Ëvf~l’ b‘ UlIs GK�IP&y

nigKmraKmn_dwkCBaÇËnsaFarN:.

rdΩaPiVlshB&nΩ nigrdΩTaMgBIr®sTab’ mansaxabIKW:- Gg�nItibBaÔti∂mYy

(…sPa) rdΩaPiVlGg�nIti®btibt∂i

nig®bB&nΩtulakar.

®bB&nΩrdΩaPiVlCMBak’KuNya‘gx¬aMgeTAdl’®b´BNIrbs’ Westminster EdlehAeQµaHtamviman Palace of Westminster CakEn¬g

EdlsPaGg’eK¬staMgenA. ®bB&nΩrdΩaPiVltamEbbsPaenHVnbeg˚IteLIgGs’ry:eBlCae®cInstvtßr_mkehIy.

lk≈N:BiesssMxan’@´n

sPaKW®bmuxrdΩm~ak’ EdlminEmnCa®bmuxrdΩaPiVl ehIym®n† IrdΩaPiVlmYyEdlVnEtgtaMgeLIg ehIyTTYlxus®tUvpÊal’cMeBaHsPa. man

‘nItirdΩ ‘ nig®bB&nΩtulakarEdl‰kraC¥BIsPa.

sPak~ ¨g®beTsGU®s†alIKWxusK~aBIKMrUrebob Westminster KWfasiTΩiGMNacrbs’x¬

Án®tUvVnkMNt’edayrdΩ …rdΩFmµnuBaÔshB&nΩrbs’x¬ Án.


dΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI

sPashB&nΩEdlbeg˚Itc∫ab’Cati

manmnÊIrsPaBIr

(…sPa / Houses) KW: sPatMNagra®s∂ (House of Representatives) nig®BwTΩsPa

(Senate). BlrdΩGU®s∂alIeVHeq~ate®CIserIsmaCisPaTaMgBIrpÊal’ enAk~ ¨gkareVHeq~atshB&nΩ. GaNt∂iGtibrma´nsPatMNagra®s∂KWmanry:

eBlbIq~aM. rI‰GaNt∂iGtibrma´n®BwTΩsPavij

KWmanry:eBl®VMmYyq~aM (kareVHeq~atshB&nΩ sMrab’sPadMNagra®s∂CaerOy@®tUvVneFI√eLIg®sb

eBlCamYyK~anwgkareVHeq~ate®CIserIs®BwTΩsPacMnYnBak’kN∂al.

®BwTΩsPa mansmaCik®BwTΩsPacMnYn76rUb - 12rUbmkBIrdΩnImYy@´nrdΩTaMg®VMmYy nigBIrrUbeTotmkBIEdndIxageCIg (Northern Territory)

nigrdΩFanIGU®s†alI (Australian Capital Territory). enAk~ ¨grdΩsPa cMnYnekAGIsMrab’rdΩnImYy@KWGa®s&yeTAelITMhM´ncMnYn®bCaCnenAk~ ¨g

rdΩenaH. cMnYnsmaCiksPa®tUvEtmancMnYneT√dg´ncMnYn®BwTΩsPa …k*mancMnYnEk∫renaHtamEdlGacGnuvt†Vn. bcÕ¨¨b∫n~enHmansmaCiksPaTaMgGs’

cMnYn150rUbEdltMNag[G~keVHeq~at®behl80,000nak’Edlrs’enAk~ ¨gtMbn’nImYy@ (ehAfamNÎleVHeq~at / electorate).

rdΩaPiVl (CaTUeTAniyaysMedAeTA ‘rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI ‘) ®tUvbeg˚ IteLIgedayKN:bkß …KN:bkßcMruHEdlmancMnYnPaKe®cInenAk~ ¨gsPatMNagra®s∂.

naykrdΩm®n∂I

(Prime Minister) KWCaG~kdwknaMsPa´nKN:bkßenaH …KN:bkßcMruHenaH ehIyminVnEtgtaMgpÊal’eday®bCaBlrdΩeT k*b‘ uEn∂

edayKN:bkßEdlkan’tul¥kar´nGMNack~ ¨gsPatMNagra®s∂. rdΩaPiVlmYymin®tUvEteF√ItammtiPaKe®cInenAk~

¨g®BwTΩsPaeT.

edIm∫Ik¬ayCac∫ab’ sPaTaMgBIr®tUvEt®tUvEtyl’®BmeTAelIc∫ab’e®Kag. sPaNamYyk*VnGacep∂Imc∫ab’e®KagVnEdr

elIkElgEtsMrab’c∫ab’e®Kag

hirBaÔvtƒËdl®tUvEtep∂ImedaysPatMNagra®s∂.

kareVHeq~at

rdΩaPiVlfµ ICaTUeTA®tUvVnbeg˚IteLIg

e®kayBIkareVHeq~atCaTUeTA.

GaNt∂iGtibrmasMrab’rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIKWmancMnYnbIq~aM

KWcab’BIkar®bCuMelIkTImYyrbs’rdΩsPafµ

I. eTaHCaya‘gNak*eday naykrdΩm®n∂IGacsuM

es~ IGK�eTsaPiVlGMBavnav[mankareVHeq~atsaklmYy munGaNt∂ibIq~aMVnbMeBj.

mankareVHeq~ate®CIserIstMNagra®s∂cMnYne®cInCag40 ®tUvVneFI√eLIgcab’taMgBIsPaelIkTImYyVnebIksemıaFenA´f©TI9

Ex”sPa q~aM1901.

karcuHeQµaHeVHeq~at nigkareVHeq~at

munBlrdΩNam~ak’GaceVHeq~atenAk~ ¨gkareVHeq~ate®CIserIsrdΩaPiVlshB&nΩrdΩ nigrdΩaPiVltamtMbn’PaKe®cInk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI enaHeK®tUvman

eQµaHcuHenAk~ ¨gbBaÇIeVHeq~at.

®bCaBlrdΩGaccuHeQµaHeVHeq~aH ®bsinebIeKmansBaÇatiGU®s∂alI ehIymanGayu17q~aM …elIsBIenH ehIyGac

eVHeq~atP¬amenAeBlEdleKcUlGayu18q~aM. h√&mcuHeQµaHeVHeq~atGacTTYlykVnenAtamkariyal&yKN:kmµkarcat’EcgkareVHeq~atGU®s∂alI

(AEC) ´®bsNIy_ nigenAtamviubsayrbs’

(AEC).

®bsinebIBlrdΩGU®s∂alIk¬ayCaBlrdΩGU®s†alIen‰breTs eK®tUvkarcuHeQµaHCaG~keVHeq~atenAbreTsk~ ¨grvagbIq~aM´nkarcakecjdMeNIrrbs’eK

edIm∫IrkßakarcuHeQµaHeVHeq~atsMrab’kareVHeq~atshB&nΩ. karcuHeQµaHeVHeq~atp∂l’nUvlTΩPaBdl’BYkeK[enAEtmaneQµaHenAk~ ¨gbBaÇIeVHeq~at

rhUtdl’eTA®VMmYyq~aM. ®bsinebIeKcg’Bn¥asiTiΩeVHeq~atenH

eK®tUvEtdak’Bak¥eTA AEC [VnmYyq~aMm†g.

enHKWCakatB√kicÕcaMVc’s®mab’BlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’EdlmansiTiΩeVHeq~at

®tUvcuHeQµaH ehIyeVHeq~at. eTaHbICakarBin&ycMeBaHkarminVneVH

eq~atenaHebIvamancMnYntictYcCaya‘gNak† I ®beTsGU®s∂alICa®beTsmYyEdlmanG®ta´nkarcUlrYm´nG~keVHeq~atxıs’bMput k~ ¨gcMeNamG®ta´nkar

cUlrYmrbs’G~keVHeq~atnanaelIBiPBelak edaymanCag90PaKry´nG~keVHeq~atcUlrYmenAk~ ¨gdMeNIrkareVHeq~at. ®bCaBlrdΩGU®s∂alIeVHeq~at

e®CIstMNagenAk~ ¨gEp~knImYy@´nrdΩaPiVlTaMgbI®sTab’rbs’rdΩaPiVl - KWrdΩaPiVlshB&nΩ rdΩ …EdndI nigtMbn’.

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIEdlVncuHeQµaHeVHeq~atrYcehIy eKGaceVHeq~atenAk~ ¨gkareVHeq~atshB&nΩ ®bsinebIeKkMBugeFI√dMeNIreTA‰breTsenAcMeBl

enaH …kareVHeq~atmuneBleKeFI√dMeNIr

®bsinebIkarebIk[eVHeq~atmuneBlVncab’ep∂Im.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

23


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

24

sMrab’eKalbMNgeVHeq~atshB&nΩ ®beTsGU®s∂alI®tUvVnEbgEckCamNÎleVHeq~at. sMrab’sPatMNagra®s∂ G~keVHeq~atGU®s∂alIe®CIserIs

k~ ¨gcMeNamebk≈CnEdlkMBugQreQµaHk~ ¨gmNÎleVHeq~atrbs’eK. ®bsinebIminmanebk≈CnNam~ak’TTYlVnCag50PaKry´nkare®CIserIselIk

TImYyeT ebk≈CnEdlTTYlVnsn¬ wkeq~atticbMput®tUvVneKdkecj ehIysn¬ wkeq~atrbs’x¬ Án®tUvEbgEckeLIgvij eTA[ebk≈Cn‰eTotedayeyag

tamCMerIsTIBIrEdlVnKUssm�al’enAelIsn¬ wkeq~atedayG~keVHeq~at.

dMeNIrkareVHeq~aHenHbn∂rhUtdl’ebk≈Cnm~ak’VnTTYlsMeLgeq~atCag50PaKry.

CMerIsCaGaTiPaB®tUvVneKe®bIpgEdrsMrab’kareVHeq~at®BwTΩsPa Edlebk≈CnTaMgLay®tUvEtVneTAdl’ ‘brimaNkMNt’ ‘ ´nsn¬ wkeq~atCak’lak’

NamYyenAk~ ¨grdΩ …EdndIEdlebk≈CnTaMgenaHkMBugQreQµaH.

smaCiksPaPaKe®cInk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alICakmµsiTΩí

nKN:bkßneyaVy. KN:bkßneyaVyTaMgenHsMxan’caMVc’ekIteLIgBI®kum®bCaBlrdΩEdl

EckrMElk”t∂mKti nigTsßnviCÇa®sedogK~aGMBIrebob®Kb’®Kg®beTs.

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI eKebIkcMh[BlrdΩNak*GaccUlrYmCamYyKN:bkßneyaVymYy nigcUlrYmk~ ¨gkarkMNt’TisedAkMNt’eKalneyaVy

rbs’bkß nigCYyebk≈Cnrbs’KN:bkßk~ ¨gyuTΩnakareyasnarksn¬ wkeq~atrbs’BYkeK.

edIm∫IQreQµaHsMrab’sPaGU®s∂alI ebk≈CnTaMgLay®tUvmansBaÇatiGU®s∂alI nig®tUvcat’viFankarN_smehtuplTaMgGs’edIm∫Ikat’p†ac’x¬ ÁnecjBI

sBaÇatiNamYyeTot.

rdΩaPiVl®bcaMrdΩ nigEdndI

rdΩnImYymansParbs’x¬ ÁnpÊal’EdlCasƒab&neFI√esck∂IsMercrbs’rdΩaPiVlk~

¨grdΩnImYyEdlBak’B&nΩ. ®Kb’sPa´nrdΩTaMgGs’ elIkElgEtsPa´n

rdΩX√InEs¬necj®tUvVnbeg˚IteLIgedaysPatMNagBIr.

G~ktMNagTaMgLayNaEdlVne®CIserIseTAsPaenAtamrdΩ CaTUeTAeKehAfasmaCiksPa - KWCasmaCik´nsPanItibBaÔti∂

(Members of

the Legislative Assembly) (MLA) …smaCik´nsPatMNagra®s∂ (Members of the House of Assembly) (MHA) …smaCik´n®

kum®bwkßanItibBaÔti (Members of the Legislative Council) (MLC). G~kdwknaM´nrdΩaPiVl®bcaMrdΩehAfaGPiVlrdΩ

(Premier).

EdndIxageCIgnig rdΩFanIGU®s†alI (Australian Capital Territory) mankarerobcMcat’Ecgxus@K~a. sPaEdndInImYy@mansPamYyehAfa

sPanItibBaÔti†

(Legislative Assembly). G~kdwknaM´nrdΩaPiVlEdndInImYy@ ehAfa®bmuxrdΩm®n∂I

(Chief Minister).

karTTYlxus®tUvrbs’rdΩ nigEdndImanrYmTaMgc∫ab’ nigreboberobry kicÕkarGtifiCn suxaPiVl Gb’rM Clpl KmnaKmn_saFarN: nigp¬ Ëvf~l’

sMxan’@.

rdΩaPiVl®bcaMtMbn’

sƒab&neFI√esck∂IsMerc´nrdΩaPiVltamtMbn’

CaTUeTAehAfa®kum®bwkßa®kug …sala®kug (city … shire council). sala®kug®tUvVnbeg˚IteLIg

edayrdΩaPiVl®bcaMrdΩ edIm∫IemIlkarxus®tUvelIesck∂I®tUvkarCak’lak’rbs’shKmn_enAtam®kug

…tMbn’. G~ktMNagrbs’®bCaCnEdlbeg˚It®kum

®bwkßaenHehAfa®kum®bwkßa. G~kdwknaMsala®kugKWGPiVl®kug …®bFan®kug (mayor … shire president).

karTTYlxus®tUvrbs’rdΩaPiVl®bcaMtMbn’ manrYmTaMgkarEfTaMp¬ Ëvf~l’tamtMbn’ kar®bmUlsMram karerobcMc∫ab’ nigkarEbgEcgdICacMENktUc@

suxPaBsaFarN: nig”bkrN_kILakMsan∂ dUcCaGagEhlTwkCaedIm.


aCaFibety¥Edl®btibt† itamrdΩFmµnuBaÔ

®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCa®beTsmYyEdl‰kraC¥ k*b‘ uEn∂enAmanTMnak’TMngrdΩFmµnuBaÔtPÇab’CamYy®BHmhakß®tiyanI Queen Elizabeth II ´n®beTs

Gg’eK¬s EdlCa®BHmhakß®tiyanÍ n®beTsGU®s∂alI.

®BHmhakß®tiyanIEtgtaMgGK�eTsaPiVl (Governor–General) ´n®beTsGU®s∂alIedIm∫ICatMNag®BHmhakß®tiyanI tam{vaTrbs’naykrdΩ

m®n∂I.

GK�eTsaPiVlEtgtaMgrdΩm®n∂I

tam{vaTrbs’naykrdΩm®n∂I

ehIytamGnusBaÔa GK�eTsaPiVleFI√kartam{vaTrbs’rdΩm®n∂IelIesÊIr®Kb’bBa˙a

TaMgGs’.

®bB&nΩc∫ab’shB&nΩ

®bB&nΩc∫ab’GU®s∂alIq¬ ¨¨HbBaÕaMgnUvKMnitCamUldΩan´nyuti∂Fm·

tamrebobnItiviFI nigsmPaBenAcMeBaHc∫ab’.

®bB&nΩtulakarenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alITTYlxus®tUvelIkarbk®say nigGnuvt∂n_c∫ab’. ecA®kmbMeBjmuxkar‰kraC¥BIrdΩaPiVlk~ ¨gkarGnuvt∂n_karTTYl

xus®tUvenH.

tulakarCanxıs’GU®s∂alI (High Court of Australia) KWCatulakar”TÏrN_cuge®kayk~ ¨g®Kb’Cem¬aHEp~kc∫ab’TaMgGs’. muxgarsMxan’mYyk~ ¨g

cMeNammuxgarsMxan’@Cae®cInrbs’tulakarCan’xıs’ KWbk®sayrdΩFmµnuBaÔGU®s∂alI. tulakarenHGackMNt’c∫ab’eTACaGFmµnuBaÔ - eBalKWman

GMNachYsBIGMNacrdΩsPa - ehtudUec~HBuMcUlCaFrmaneT.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• sPa´n®beTsGU®s†alI www.aph.gov.au

• KN:kmµkarcat’EcgkareVHeq~atGU®s∂alI www.aec.gov.au

• tulakarCan’xıs’GU®s∂alI www.hcourt.gov.au

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | ®beTsCati nig®bCaBlrdΩ

25


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

26

sg�mGU®s∂alIk~ ¨geBlbcÕ¨b∫n~

lk≈N:BiesskMNt’c∫as’las’mYy enAk~ ¨gcMeNamlk≈N:BiessEdlkMNt’c∫as’las’´nsg�mGU®s∂alIbcÕ¨¨b∫n~KWPaBcMruH´nvb∫Fm·rbs’BlrdΩ

rbs’x¬ Án ehIyvisalPaBEdleKrYbrYmK~aedaykareb∂C∆aya‘gsMxan’ ehIynig‰kPaBCaF¬ ¨gmYycMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI.

lk≈N:BiesskMNt’c∫as’las’mYyeTot KWmanlk≈N:yl’dwgGMBIsmPaB´nmnusß®Kb’rUb´nsg�mGU®s∂alI. karenHminmann&yfaBlrdΩm~ak’@

dUc@K~a …k*faBlrdΩm~ak’manKuNsm∫t∂i

…®TB¥sm∫t∂iesµ

IK~aenaHeT. vak*mann&ypgEdrfa edaymankicÕkarxM®bwgE®bg nigb∂Ërp†ac’

®bCaBlrdΩEdl

KµanTMnak’TMngKMnitxıs’ …k*KµanG~kKaM®TEdlman≤TiΩBlk*GacTTYleCaKC&yVnEdr.

enAk~ ¨¨grg√g’®kbx&Nδnc∫ab’k~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUbGacmanlTΩPaBsEm∂gnUvvb∫Fm· nigCMenOrbs’x¬ Án ehIynigcUlrYmedayesrI

k~ ¨gCIvPaBCatik~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. ®beTsGU®s∂alI®bkan’ya‘gmutmaMnUvCMenOfaKµanG~kNam~ak’KYrx√HlTΩPaB edaymanelImUldΩan´n®beTskMeNIt

ekr† i_dMENlvb∫Fm·

Pasa ePT …CMenOrbs’ BYkeKeT.

edIm∫IEfrkßakarBarshKmn_mYy[mansƒirPaB

sn∂iPaB

nigvDÛnPaB BlrdΩGU®s∂alImkBI®Kb’savtaTaMgGs’®tUvVnrMBwg[®bkan’xÇab’nUveKal

karN_ nigvin&ysIlFm·rYmK~aEdl®T®Tg’sg�mGU®s∂alI.

sUmGan t´m¬sIlFm· nigeKalkarN_GU®s∂alI enATMB&rTI4.

c∫ab’ nigTMenomTm¬ab’sg�m

Gt∂critshKmn_enAk~ ¨g®beTGU®s†alI®tUvVn®Kb’®KgedaykarrYmpßM´nc∫ab’Cap¬ Ëvkar nigTMenomTm¬ab’sg�me®kAp¬ Ëvkar.

BlrdΩTaMgGs’k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI®tUvEteKarBc∫ab’rbs’®beTs ebImindUec~aHeT®tUv®bQmmuxnwglTΩPaB´nkardak’eTas -®BhµTNÎ nigrdΩb∫evNI.

CaTUeTA ®bCaCn®tUvVnrMBwgTukpgEdr[seg˚temIlTMenomTm¬ab’sg�mGU®s∂alI Tm¬ab’ nigkarGnuvt∂n_ eTaHbICakarTaMgenHCaFmµtaminCab’CMBak’nwg

p¬ Ëvc∫ab’k*eday.

c∫ab’GU®s∂alI®tUvVntak’EtgeLIgedaysPashB&nΩ rdΩ nigEdndIGU®s∂alI. kgb‘ UlIsmanPar:kicÕrkßasn∂isux

nigreboberobryk~ ¨gshKmn_ nig

naMmnusßEdleKmanCMenOfaVnelµ Isc∫ab’eTAcMeBaHtulakarEdlsMercEtelIGg�c∫ab’. ®bCaCnk~ ¨gbN∂ashKmn_CYyK~aeTAvijeTAmkpgEdrk~ ¨g

krNImanbBa˙a ehIyraykarN_GMBIG√ImYyEdlminFmµta

…sgß&yeTAbus† i_b‘

UlIsk~ ¨gtMbn’.

®beTsGU®s∂alImankgb‘ UlIsCatiEdlehAfa b‘ UlIsshB&nΩGU®s∂alI (Australian Federal Police) EdlesIubGeg˚t”®kidΩkmµ®bqaMgnwgc∫ab’

shB&nΩ manrYmTaMgkarCYje®KOgejønxusc∫ab’ Gen∂a®bevsn_xusc∫ab’ ”®kidΩkmµ®bqaMgsn∂isuxCati

ehIynig”®kidΩkmµ®bqaMgbridΩan. ®Kb’TaMgrdΩ

´n®beTsGU®s∂alI nigEdndIxageCIgmankgb‘ UlIsrbs’eKerog@x¬ ÁnEdledaH®saybBa˙a”®kidΩkmµenAe®kamc∫ab’rdΩ nigEdndI. muxkarb‘ UlIsenAtam

EdndIrdΩFanIGU®s†alI cat’EcgeLIgedaybU‘lIshB&nΩGU®s†alI.

f√Id∫itEtnayb‘

UlIsGaccab’x¬ Ánmnusß nigp∂l’Ps∂¨tageTAtulakark*eday

eKmineFI√esck∂IsMerccuge®kayGMBIfaetImnusßenaHmanBiruTΩ´nbT”®kidΩ

…ya‘gNaenaHeLIy. karsMercfamanBiruTΩKW®tUvsMercedaytulakar.

®kumb‘ UlIs nigshKmn_manTMnak’TMnglÌenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. elakG~kGacraykarN_GMBI”®kidΩkmµ ehIyEs√grkCMnYyBIb‘ UlIs. ®bsinb‘ UlIs

sYredjedayelakG~k cUrrkßax¬ Án[Vns©b’es©øm KYrsm ehIyCYyeF√Ish®btibt∂ikarN_.

tulakar nigc∫ab’

tulakarTTYlxus®tUvcMeBaHkars®Kb’®Kg®bB&nΩyut∂iFm·.

tulakarCaG~ksMercfaetIc∫ab’Vn®tUveKbMBan …ya‘gNaEdr ehIysMercdak’eTasya‘g

NacMeBaHCnEdleKrkeXIjfamanBiruTΩelIkar®b®Bwt∂bT”®kidΩ.

enAk~ ¨gkrNIx¬H ecA®kmnwgs∂ab’svnakarGMBIerOgk∂I

ehIyecjsal®km. k~ ¨gkrNI‰eTot KN:vinicœ&y´nBlrdΩeFI√esck∂IsMerctamkarENnaMBI

ecA®km. k~ ¨g®Kb’krNITaMgGs’ cugecaT®tUvVncat’TukfaKµankMhus rhUtTal’EtBiruTΩPaBEdlmanPs∂¨¨taghYsBIkarsgß&y®twm®tUvsmehtupl.

bN∂acugecaTk*mansiTiΩpgEdredIm∫IrkemFavICatMNagrbs’x¬

Án.


k~ ¨gkrNIx¬HBlrdΩEdlminGacrk®Vk’CYlemFavIVnedIm∫ICatMNagrbs’x¬ Án enaHeKGacTTYlCMnYyp¬ Ëvc∫ab’eday≤tKit´f¬.

Gs’G~kEdlmanTidΩakarbeN†aHGasn~ KYr®Vkd[Vnc∫as’faeKVndwgGMBIplviVkTaMgLay …®btikmµ®beyalBIkardak’BiruTΩelIbT”®kidΩcMeBaH

karbn†s~ak’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s†alI.

bTelµ IsTak’TinnwgGMeBI”®kidΩ

bTelµ IsTak’TinnwgGMeBI”®kidΩ manrYmTaMgXatkmµ karrMlaPbMBan karrMelaPbMBanxagp¬ ËvePT kar®b®Bwt∂GMeBIp¬ ËvePTelIkUnekµg GMeBIhigßa®bqaMg

mnusß …®TB¥sm∫t∂i

karb¬n’eday®bdab’GavuF …ecarkmµ karebIkbrrfyn∂®bkbedaye®KaHf~ak’ karkan’kab’ nigkare®bIe®KOgejønxusc∫ab’ karEk¬g

bn¬ M …manTMnak’TMngp¬ ËvePTCamYyekµgEdlmanGayue®kamGayu®sbc∫ab’´nkar®Bme®Bog (mankMritGayuxus@K~a BIrdΩmYyeTArdΩmYyk~ ¨g®beTs

GU®s∂alI).

®beTsGU®s∂alI[t´m¬PaBcMruH´nvb∫Fm·. k*b‘ uEn∂karGnuvt∂n_xagsasna nigvb∫Fm·®tUvEtGnuelameTAtamc∫ab’GU®s∂alIEdlman. ”TahrN_

c∫ab’rdΩ nigEdndImankarhamkarGnuvt∂n_EdlTak’Tinnwgkarkat’®bdab’bn∂BUCBak’B&nΩnwgsasna ehIynigGMeBIhigßak~ ¨g®KYsar.

GMeBIhigßak~ ¨g®KYsar

dUcenAtam®beTsepßgeTotEdr GMeBIhigßacMeBaHCnNam~ak’eTotKWCakarxusc∫ab’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIy®tUvVncat’TukfaCaGMeBIF©n’F©rbMput.

GMeBIenHmanrYmTaMgGMeBIhigßak~ ¨g®KYsar nigk~ ¨grg√g’b† I®bBnΩEdleKehAfaGMeBIhigßaenAtamlMenAdΩan …k~ ¨g®KYsar. GMeBIhigßak~ ¨g®KYsar®tUvVneK

cat’TukfaCaTeg√IrNamYyedaynrNam~ak’

EdlGacbN∂al[Cnrge®KaHTTYlrg …P&yx¬ac …karbMBan …xUcxatdl’rUbragkay p¬ ËvePT …p¬ Ëvcit∂

TMnak’TMngp¬ ËvePTedaybg≈M

PaB‰ekaedayTTYlkarbg≈itbgM≈

…karGgÌt’elIEp~k®Vk’kas.

e®KOgejøn karCk’VrI nigkarBisasura

kardak’Bin&ycMeBaHkarp�t’p�g’ …manCakmµsiTiΩe®KOgejønmin®sbc∫ab’/xusc∫ab’/e®kAc∫ab’

GacCakardak’Bin&ymYyd*F©n’F©r. kardak’Bin&yTaMgenH

kan’EtF©n’F©rEfmeTotsMrab’cMeBaHCnNaEdleKrkeXIjfamanBiruTΩBIbTplitp�t’p�g’ …lk’e®KOgejøn. karCk’VrI nigpwksuraminxusc∫ab’eT k*b‘ uEn∂

mankarhamXat’Cae®cInenAelItamTIsaFarN:.

karCk’VrI®tUvVnhamXat’enAk~ ¨gkEn¬gmYycMnYnFM manrYmTaMgkariyal&yrbs’rdΩaPiVlmYyPaKFM mnÊIrBinit¥suxPaB

nigkEn¬geFI√kar.

karCk’VrI

enAtamkEn¬gsaFarN:EdlmanbnÊb’ dUcCaePaCnIydΩan etom®sa salaeron TIpßa®tUvVnhamXat’pgEdrenAesÊIrEt®Kb’rdΩ

nigEdndI. karCk’VrI

enAtamkEn¬gTIF¬asaFarN:x¬Hk*®tUvVnhamXat’pgEdrenAk~ ¨grdΩ nigEdndIx¬H. enHKWCabTelµ IsEdlG~klk’raylk’plitplf~aMCk’eTA[CnNa

m~ak’EdlmanGayuenAe®kam18q~aM.

karBisasuraKW®sbc∫ab’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI k*b‘ uEn∂kMNt’enAtamkEn¬g nigeBlevlaCak’lak’b‘ ueNâH. enHKWCakar®bqaMgc∫ab’cMeBaHCnNam~ak’

Edllk’ …p�t’p�g’suraeTA[CnNam~ak’EdlmanGayuenAe®kam18q~aM. enHKWCakar®bqaMgc∫ab’pgEdrsMrab’CnNam~ak’EdlmanGayuenAyu18

Bisasura elIkElgEtenA‰TIkEn¬g‰kCn dUcCapÊHCaedIm. cMeBaHB&t·manbEnƒmTak’Tgnwgplb‘HBal’dl’suxPaB´nkare®bIsura sUmeyageTAesck∂I

ENnaMrbs’GU®s∂alIGMBIkarBisasura (Australian Alcohol Guidelines).

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• www.alcohol.gov.au

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~ 27

27


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

28

c∫ab’cracr

karebIkbrrfyn∂®tUvVndak’kMNt’c∫ab’edayrdΩaPiVltamrdΩ nigEdndI. edIm∫IebIkbrryn∂enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI BlrdΩ®tUvmanb&NêbIkbr®bcaM

tMbn’ ehIyrfyn∂enaH®tUvEtmaneQµaHcuHenAk~ ¨gbBaÇI.

karmineKarB …bMBanc∫ab’cracrGacnaMmknUvBin&yya‘ge®cIn Vt’bg’b&NêbIkbr …k*EfmTaMg

Cab’BnΩnaKareTotpg. enHKWCakarcaMVc’sMrab’Cnm~ak’@EdleFI√dMeNIrtamrfyn∂

®tUvBak’Exß®kva‘t’ (…enAk~ ¨gkrNImanekµg …Tark®tUve®bI®bdab’Bak’

Tb’karBarEdlVnGnuBaÔat).

sUmGan Ep~kb&NêbIkbr enATMB&r42.

c∫ab’cracrmankarkMNt’twgEtg CaBiessTak’TinnwgkarkMNt’el∫Øn nigkarebIkbre®kayBisasura. enHKWCakarxusc∫ab’EdlniyayTUrs&BÊ´d

edaykan’nwg´dpÊal’enAeBlkMBugebIkbr.

kar®b®Bwt∂edaymank† Iemt†aeTAcMeBaHst√

enHKWCakar®bqaMgnwgc∫ab’Edl®b®Bwt∂xuseTAcMeBaHst√ …eF√s®bEhledayminykcit†Tukdak’cMeBaHst√. mankarrMBwgTukfamnusß®tUv®b®Bwt∂eTAcMeBaH

st√TaMgGs’edaymank† Iemt†a eTaHfast√TaMgenaHCast√®suk …eXIjenAtam´®Bk† I. st√mankMeNItk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alICae®cIn®tUvVnkarBar ehIyma

nc∫ab’twgEtgGMBIkar®bmaj’. mankarhamXat’k~ ¨gkarsm¬ab’st√enATIkmµsiTΩi

TIkmµsiTiΩrbs’mnus߉eTot

ehIyCaTUeTAmanc∫ab’®bcaMtMbn’EdleKGa

cciBaÕwmst√®sukenAk~

¨gpÊHVn. BlrdΩGU®s∂alICae®cInEfrkßaEq˚ qµa …st√s¬abenAxage®kayTIkmµsiTiΩ´nlMenAdΩanrbs’eK

(EdlehAfaF¬ae®kaypÊH)

kaMeP¬ Ig nigGavuF‰eTot

karkan’GavuFdUcCakaMbit …kaMeP¬ Ig KW®bqaMgnwgc∫ab’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI. Cnm~ak’manbMNgcg’VnkaMeP¬ IgCakmµsiTiΩsMrab’eKalbMNgdUcCakar®b

maj’ karVj’k~ ¨glk≈N:kILa nige®bIenAtamksidΩant®mUv[manGaC∆ab&Nˆ. karKµanGaC∆ab&Nˆ nigmankaMeP¬ IgedayBuMmankarGnuBaÔatKWCakarxusc∫ab’.

c∫ab’epßgeTot

k*manc∫ab’‰eTotpgEdrEdl®bqaMgnwgkarecalsMram kareF√I[®kx√k’

…karecalkaksMNl’edayKµankarGnuBaÔat …k*beg˚Itsem¬gx¬aMghYsehtu.

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIBuMmankarkat’eTasdl’s¬ab’eT.

TMenomTm¬ab’sg�m

manTMenomTm¬ab’sg�mGU®s∂alItictYcNas’EdlGnuvt∂n_enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIEtb‘ ueNâH. ya‘gNamij k~ ¨gkrNIx¬HmanPaBxusK~ak~ ¨gkarbBaÇak’

…viFIsa®s∂ ebIe®bobeFobeTAnwgkarGnuvt∂n_enAtam®beTsepßgeTot. ®bsinebImankarmnÊil

dMbUnµan®besIrbMputenaHKWsaksYrmit∂Pk† i G~kCitxag

…shkarIeFI√karCamYyK~a.

”TahrN_ BlrdΩGU®s∂alIPaKe®cInhak’dUcCamankarrak’Tak’FmµtaenAk~ ¨gTMnak’TMngrbs’x¬ ÁnCamYyG~kEdlx¬ Áns�al’ nigshkarIenAkEn¬geFI√kar.

enAkEn¬geFI√kar

nigk~ ¨gcMeNammit∂Pk† i BlrdΩGU®s∂alIPaKe®cInTMngCaehAK~aeTAvijeTAmkcMeQµaHrbs’eK.

ya‘gNamij PaBrak’Tak’FmµtaenHminB®gIkeTAdl’karb‘HBal’K~aelIrUbkayeT. enAeBlCYbCamYyG~kNam~ak’CaelIkdMbUg tamFmµta elakG~k

®tUvyk´ds†aMrbs’elakG~k cab’´ds∂aMrbs’Cnm~ak’eTot. G~kEdlmins�al’K~aeTAvijeTAmk CaFmµtameKminefIb …{bK~aeTenAeBlCYbK~a.


Gt∂critEdlecHKYrsm

‘Please’ (sUmGeBaÇIj)

nig ‘thank you’ (sUmGrKuN) KWCaBak¥man®beyaCn_enAeBlmaneF√ITMnak’TMngCamYyG~kd´TeTot

nigenAeBl

Tijrbs’rbr …e®bIkicÕbMerI. enAeBleKsYrelakG~kfaetIcg’VnG√ImYy…eT

dUcCaEtmYyEBg enHKWCakarKYrsmedayniyayfa ‘yes please’

(VT/cassUmGrKuN) …®Kan’Etniyayfa ‘please’ (sUmGrKuN) ®bsinebIelakG~kcg’Vn …k* ‘no, thank you’ (eT sUmGrKuN)

®bsinebIelakG~kmincg’Vn. enAeBlelakG~kTTYlVnrbs’G√ImYy

vaCakarKYrsmedayniyayGrKuNG~kenaH edayniyayfa

‘thank you’ (sUmGrKuN).

BlrdΩGU®s∂alICaerOy@Etgniyayfa ‘excuse me’ (sUmGt’eTas) edIm∫ITajGarmµN_mnusßm~ak’ nigniyayfa ‘sorry’ (sUmeTas) ®bsin

ebIeKmankarq�aMq�gedayGectnaeTAelIG~kepßgeTot. eKk*niyaypgEdrfa ‘excuse me’ (sUmGt’eTas) … ‘pardon me’ (sUmGP&yeTas)

®bsinebIeKePI …ePIecjmkenATIsaFarN: …k~ ¨gpÊHnrNam~ak’.

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIEtgQrbn∂nʨyK~a

…Qrt®mg’CaCYr dUcCaenAeBlrg’caMTTYlkicÕbMerIk~ ¨ghag FnaKa®ksYgrdΩaPiVl eragPaByn∂ …kEn¬gNamYy

Edlman®bCaCne®cInkMBugEs√grkkicÕbMerImYyenAeBlEtmYy. CaTUeTA BlrdΩGU®s∂alIrg’caMrhUtdl’evnrbs’eKTTYlkicÕbMerI …TTYlkarsYrnaM.

tamrebobenHKWbg˙ajeXIjfaeKeKarBcMeBaHG~kd´T ehIyKWCarebobd*®twm®tUvbMputsMrab’BlrdΩ m~ak’@edIm∫ITTYlnUvG√IEdleK®tUvkar.

karmkTan’eBlsMrab’kar®bCuM

nigkarCYbepßgeTotKWmansar:sMxan’. ®bsinebIelakG~kdwgfaelakG~knwgmkyWt cUrsakl∫gTak’TgCamYynwgG~k

enaH ehIy®Vb’eK[dwg. karenHmansar:sMxan’Nas’sMrab’kareTACYbG~kviCÇaCIv:dUcCaevCÇbNÎit

edaye®BaHfaelakG~kGac®tUveKKit®Vk’cMeBaH

karmkyWt …®bsinebIelakG~kxkxankarNat’CYbedaymin®Vb’eK[dwgmun.

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIPaKe®cInjIssMeVr edaye®bIkEnßg´d …®kdasCUtmux minEmnjIsdak’eTAelIp¬ ËvedIreT. kark*Gnuvt∂n_pgEdrcMeBaHkares∂aHTwkmat’

KWmin®tUves∂aHdak’tamp¬ ËvedIreT. ®bCaCnCae®cInnwgniyayfa ‘bless you’ enAeBlG~kkN†as’. ®beyaKenHminmaneKalbMNgTak’Tinxag

sasnaeT.

Gnam&yelIx¬ Án®VN

viFIi®besIrbMputedIm∫IkarBarx¬

ÁnelakG~k ®KYsarrbs’elakG~k nigG~kepßgeTotedIm∫IkuM[QW

nigmanCm© W KW®tUvmanGnam&yelIx¬ Án®VN. BlGU®s∂alI

PaKe®cInEfTaMx¬ Án nigG~kepßgeTotedaykarlagsMGat´dmuneFI√m˙ËbGahar

muneBlbriePaK e®kayeBleKkÌk …kN†as’ e®kaykare®bIbg�n’ e®kay

eBlcab’kan’st√ …muneBl…e®kayeBleFI√G√ImYy

EdleKGaceFI√[suxPaBrbs’eK

…suxPaBG~kd´T[zitenAk~ ¨gsPaBe®KaHf~ak’edaycm¬gemeraK.

enAeBlbriePaKGaharrYmK~aCamYyG~kd´T edIm∫IkarBarkarraldalemeraK eKCaTUeTA®tUve®bI®bdab’cab’m˙ËbGaharEdlmanp∂l’.

®bdab’TaMgenHGacCa

deg˚øb s¬ab®Ba …sm cg˚iH

…k*®bdab’dak’bEn¬saLat’.

sem¬økbMBak’

®bePT´nsem¬økbMBak’Edl®bCaBlrdΩes¬økBak’q¬ ¨HbBaÕaMgnUvPaBcMruHk~ ¨gsg�mGU®s∂alI k*dUcK~anwgkarsMrYleTAtambriyakasenaHEdr. BuMmanc∫ab’

…vin&ycMeBaHkares¬økBak’eT k*b‘ uEn∂elakG~k®tUvEtes¬økBak’sMelokbMBak’Cak’lak’sMrab’sƒanPaBkargar - kEn¬gkargarPaKe®cInmanbTdΩansMrab’

es¬økBak’.

enAe®kAsƒanPaBkargar sem¬økbMBak’KWCakare®CIserIsrbs’buK�lm~ak’@ - mnusßCae®cInes¬økBak’edIm∫I[x¬ ÁnVnsux®sYlsMrab’sƒanPaBsg�m

…k*GakasFatu. k¬ wb saleragPaByn∂ nigkEn¬gepßg eTott®mUv[elakG~kes¬økBak’[VnsÌatVt sem¬økbMBak’sÌatminkx√k’ ehIyBak’Es∫k

eCIgsmrm¥.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

29


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

30

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIPaKe®cInrs’enACitmat’smu®T nigsmu®T. enAeBl´f©manGakasFatuek∂A eKGaces¬økBak’sMelokbMBak’sMrab’EhlTwk

…sem¬økbMBak’tictYcenAtammat’smu®T nigTIkEn¬gCuMvij.

enHminEmnmann&yfamnusßEdles¬økBak’eTAmat’smu®T …eTAEhlTwkmanbTdΩansIl

Fm·efakTabenaHeLIy. vamann&yfa enHehIyCaG√IEdlBlrdΩGU®s∂alITTYlykVnenAtam

…Ek∫rmat’smu®T. enAtambN∂ardΩGU®s∂alIx¬Hmanmat’

smu®TsMrab’ ‘G~kmuCTwkGa®kat ‘ CakEn¬gmYycMnYntUcEdleKVnkMNt’TukEdlenATIenaHmnusßGacEhlTwkedayKµansMelokbMBak’ …exaGav.

mnusßmkBI®beTsd´TGace®CIserIses¬økBak’sMelokbMBak’smrm¥tam®b´BNIy.

karGeBaÇIj

®bsinebIelakG~kVnTTYlkarGeBaÕIjeTAcUlrYmGahareBl´f©®tg’

GahareBll©ac karGaMgsac’briePaK Cb’elog GaBah_BiBah_ ´f©xYbkMeNIt

…k*®Bwt∂ikarN_NamYy

CaFmµtaelakG~keq¬ IytbeTAnwgkEn¬g …tamsMbu®tniyaytamTUrs&BÊ …GIuem‘l.

GaharenAeBl´f©®tg’ eKehAfa ‘lunch’

(GahareBl´f©®tg’) ehIyGahareBll©ac CaTUeTAeKehAfa ‘dinner’ (GahareBll©ac). BlrdΩGU®s∂alIx¬HeyagsMedAeTAGahareBll©acfa

Ca ‘tea’ (FI/Et) ehIyGace®bIBak¥enHmann&yfaGahareBll©ac …E®btamBak¥mann&yfa EtmYyEBg … ‘cuppa’. ®bsiinebIeKGeBaÇIjelak

G~keTABisa tea eBlevla´n®Bwt∂ikarN_enHKWCasBaÔalÌmYyfaG~kTTYleP∆øvrbs’elakcg’niyayfa

GeBaÇIjmkbriePaKGahareBll©ac

…k*®Kan’

EtmkBisaEt. karGeBaÕIjmkBisa

tea KWenAeBlNamYye®kayema‘g6l©ac CaTUeTAmann&yfa dinner (GahareBll©ac).

enAeBlelakG~kTTYlkarGeBaÇIjeTABisam˙ËbGahar

CaTUeTAsUm®Vb’mÕas’G~kTTYlpgEdrnUvG√IEdlelakG~kminGacbriePaK.

eK®bEhlCasYr

elakG~kfaetIelakG~kmant®mUvkarBiesselIkartmm˙ËbGahar

…k*mankarkMNt’elIEp~ktmm˙ËbGaharEdr…eT.

karlÌNas’EdlGacniyayfa

elakG~kCaG~kbriePaKGaharbYs nigminbriePaKsac’ …faelakG~kCaG~kkan’sasnamUss¬ wm (Muslim) …sasnayUda (Jewish) ehIymin

briePaKsac’®CUk. eKminrMBwg[elakG~kBisasuraeT eTaH®bsinebIelakG~kmin®Vf~acg’Bisak† I …®bsinebICamÕas’pÊHeKBisak*eday.

karp¬as’b∂Ër´ntYrnaTI®KYsar

®b´BNIy®kum®KYsarGU®s∂alImanÅBuk m∂ay nigkUn@. ®KYsarepßgeTotman®Tg’®Tay nigTMhMxusK~a. ®KYsarTaMgenaHmanrYmTaMg®kum®KYsare®cIn

edaymanÅBukm∂ayeTal ®kum®KYsarcug nig®KYsarenAlaylMCamYyK~a ´dKUrEdlmanePTdUcK~a nig´dKUrrs’enACamYyK~aedayminVnerobkarCa

p¬ Ëvkar (TMnak’TMngrs’enAedayminVnerobkar) . TMnak’TMngrs’enAedayminVnerobkar ®tUvVnTTYls�al’fa®sbc∫ab’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.

KYrnaTIk~ ¨grg√g’®KYsarGU®s∂alIGacmanxus@BIK~apgEdr. k~ ¨g®kum®KYsarx¬H m∂ayGacCaG~krk®Vk’cMNUlEtm~ak’‰gsMrab’®KYsar rI‰ÅBukvijenApÊH

ehIyemIlEfkUn.

karerobkark~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIGacerobkarCamYyK~aVn luH®taEtPaKITaMgBIrmanbMNgcg’erobkarCamYyK~a. GayuGtibrmasMrab’karerobkarKW18q~aM.

ya‘gNamijtulakarGacGnum&tyl’®BmcMeBaHkarerobkar k~ ¨gkrNIelIkElgx¬H®bsinebIm~ak’k~ ¨gcMeNammnusßerobkarenaHGayu16 …17q~aM. kar

manb∂I

…®bBnΩelIsBImYyk~ ¨geBlEtmYyKWCakarxusc∫ab’.

etImanBlrdΩGU®s∂alIEdlmanlk≈N:EbbbTFmµta…eT?

mankarBiPakßarab’q~aMmkehIyfµ I@enHGMBIGt∂sBaÔaNGU®s∂alI ehIyfaetImanlk≈N:EbbbTCaCnCatiGU®s†alIFmµtaEdl®bkbedaybuK�liklk≈N:

…lk≈N:Biess…eT.

BuMmankarx√Hcen¬aH´nKMnitsƒitesƒrtMNagrbs’mYyCak’lak’enaHeT

ehIy®Kan’EteFI√[mankar®cbUk®cbl’K~ab‘

ueNâH ehIyCYnkalKMnitTaMgenHpʨ¨yK~a

eTAvijeTAmkpgEdr.

”TahrN_:

• BlrdΩGU®s∂alIKWCamnusßmansmPaB ®BehInBuMsUvecHeGonxµas’

ehIymankarmnÊilsgß&yBIsiTΩiGMNacya‘g®Cale®CA´n

- k*b‘ uEn∂BYkeKPaK

e®cInKWCaG~keKarBc∫ab’ nigGnuelamCn.


• BlrdΩGU®s∂alIKWmnusßBuMsUvVnsm†

I EdlPaKe®cInrs’enAk~ ¨gtMbn’CnbT …k*enAtamTIdac’®syalk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI - k*b‘ uEn∂BYkeKPaKe®cIn

rs’enAk~ ¨gEbbEpnCIvitEdlmanmnusßmkBI®Kb’tMbn’k~ ¨gBiPBelakk~ ¨gbN∂a®kugnana.

• eTaHfaBlrdΩGU®s∂alIrs’enAk~ ¨g®kug …CnbTk*eday BYkeKmanlk≈N:ebIkcMh ehIy®tg’@ ehIyBYkeKniyaynUvG√ IEdleKmann&ycg’niyay.

• BlrdΩGU®s∂alImanCMenOelIeKalkarN_´nkarp∂l’dl’mnusßnUv{kasesµ IK~a (niymn&y´nBak¥ karman{kasesµ IK~a ‘a fair go’ GacGanVn

CaPasaGg’eK¬sGU®s∂alI). sUmemIlTMB&rTI32.

• BlrdΩGU®s∂alICYykarBarmit∂sMLaj’ (mit∂Pk† i) rbs’x¬ ÁnEdlcaj’e®bob nigxßt’exßay. Cnxßt’exßayKWCaG~k®bkYt®bECgm~ak’ …´dKU®bkYt

m~ak’EdleKKitfaman{kastictYck~ ¨gkarykQ~HEl∫gkILa …kar®bkYtNamYy.

• BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®sLaj’kILarbs’x¬ Án k~ ¨gPaBCaTsßnikCn nigG~kcUlrYmelg.

manPaBxus@K~a´nmtis∂IGMBIvisalPaB

EdlBlrdΩGU®s∂alIVnTTYl≤TiΩBlkn¬gmkBIekr†

i_dMENlbnßl’rbs’®beTsGg’eK¬s

…k*fµ I@EfmeTotenH

tamry:TMnak’TMngd*rwgmaMrbs’®beTsGU®s∂alI CamYyshrdΩGaemrik …edayCnGen∂a®bevsn_rab’lannak’Edlmkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨g®Ka

e®kays®g�am.

BlrdΩGU®s∂alICYnkal®tUvVneKemIleXIjfaCaBYkGWr‘ ubEdlkMBugB¥ayam eFI√dMeNIrmkedaymanTItaMgPUmisa®s∂

k~ ¨gtMbn’GasIuV‘sIuh√ik.

k*b‘ uEn∂

k~ ¨geBlCamYyK~aenHEdr eKemIleXIj®beTsGU®s∂alIfap¬ Ëv®ckecjeTAGasIuvij

edaysarEtsƒanPaBPUmisa®s∂BlrdΩGU®s∂alImYycMnYnFM

niyayPasaGasIu.

karBitenaHKWfaBlrdΩGU®s†alI dUcmnusß®Kb’TIkEn¬gEdr minGaceKkMNt’edaygay®sYlfaCatYrya‘gk~ ¨gEbbEpnNamYyeLIy. rUbPaBl∫I@Ca

e®cInmanbg˙aj[eXIjPaBBit ehIyBlrdΩGU®s†alIPaKe®cIn ya‘gehacNas’k*GnuelamtamrUbPaBTaMgenHx¬HEdr. eTaHCaya‘gNak† I etIfamYy

Na ehIyk~ ¨gvisalPaBNamYy KWBwgEpÌkeTAelIbuK�lm~ak’@b‘ ueNâH.

KuNsm∫t† ix¬HKWTak’Tinya‘gCits~ iTΩeTAnwgBlrdΩGU®s†alI dUcCaBYkePOn ‘mateship’ (mit†Pk† i) nigkarman{kasesµ IK~a KWCalk≈N:Biess

EdlVnrYmcMENk ehIy[t´m¬edaymnusßCae®cInCuMvijBiPBelak.

BlrdΩGU®s†alI edayCak’c∫as’Nas’minemIleTAeXIjfamancit†emt†aFm·

PaBsmrm¥ ehIyesµaH®tg’eTAcMeBaHmit†Pk† ifadac’mux ehIy®CulhYsehtuenaHeLIy.

G√IEdlsEm†g[eXIjGMBIlk≈N:CaBlrdΩGU®s†alIenaHKWfa

eKVnbg˚b’ya‘gmaMeTAk~ ¨g®bvt† isa®s†GU®s†alI nigp~t’KMnit´nBlrdΩGU®s∂alI.

x¬ wmsar´nPaBCamit∂sMLaj’ nig{kasesµ IK~aVnekItecjmkBIkartsflUya‘gs√its√ajCaerOy@

edIm∫Ikarrs’enAedaysarG~ktaMgTIlMenABImunk~ ¨g®b

eTsTb’Tl’nwgbriyakarcMELk lMVk nigCaerOy@d*sahav. x¬ wksarTaMgenH®tUvVnGnuvt∂n_elIkkm¬aMgcit∂edayBYkmnusßCMnan’e®kay@mkeTot

´nburs nig®s∂Ik~

¨gTICnbT´n®beTsGU®s∂alIEdlBwgBak’elI ehIyCYy”btƒm∏K~aeTAvij eTaHenAeBlmanTwkCMnn’eP¬ IgeqHnigPaBraMgs© Átk† I.

elak Henry Lawson EdlVnekItenAk~ ¨gtMbn’EdlCIkmasenA Grenfell ´nrdΩjËvesAEvlk~ ¨gq~aM1867 ®bEhlCaG~kq¬gkat’manbT

BiesaFn_®besIrbMput´nsm¥aH EdlVnsresrGMBIPaBgay®sYl nigPaBCamit∂sMLaj’esck∂Í

f¬fË~r´nburs

nigCIvitrbs’burs nig®s∂IenAk~

¨g

TICnbT´n®beTsGU®s∂alI.

KuNsm∫t∂∂í

nPaBCamit∂sMLaj’ nigPk∂IPaBVn®tUvdak’Cab’eTAmuxeTotk~

¨gp~t’KMnit´nBlrdΩGU®s∂alItambTBiesaFn_rbs’BlrdΩGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gs®g�am

elakelIkTI1 CYnkalehAfamhas®g�am nigsmrPUmi®byuTΩeday Anzacs enA Gallipoli.

KuNsm∫t∂iTaMgenH

nigd´TeTotBak’B&nΩCamYyBlrdΩGU®s∂alIedImEdlmanCIvitrs’enAmkdl’sB√´f©enH EdlVnTTYlkarEkE®b nigcMerIneCOnelOn

edaysar≤TiΩBlrbs’G~ktaMgTIlMenArab’lannak’e®kay@mkEdlmkBIGWr‘

ubGaemrik GasIu

Ga®h√Ik

nigmCŒwmbUN·.

BlrdΩeTIbmkdl’fµ I@Cae®cIneTot VneFI√viPaKTandl’PaBrIkcMerInxagvb∫Fm·

nigcritlk≈N:´n®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIyVnCYyya‘gx¬aMgk¬abeg˚It

≤riyabT nig®b´BNIy_fµ I. karcUlrYmcMENkrbs’eKKWmanPaB®Cale®CANas’ Edlp∂l’nUvkarrIkcMerInesÊIrEtral’TidΩPaBTaMgGs’´nCIvPaBBlrdΩ

GU®s∂alI cab’BIGaCIvkmµeTAsil∫: cab’BIkareFI√m˙ËbGahar

eTAkarelgesIc.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

31


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

32

karsµ &®Kcit∂

PaBCamit∂sMLaj’EdlykCakarVn BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®tUvVneKc∫as’faCaBlrdΩEdlmanqnÊHeFI√karsµ

&®Kcit∂sMrab’sg�m nigshKmn_edayminTTYl

®Vk’ebovtßr_. manBlrdΩGU®s∂alICag®VMmYylannak’EdlmanGayuelIsBI18q~aMCaG~keFI√karsµ

&®Kcit†ya‘gskmµ CYyk~ ¨gvis&yCae®cInmanrYmTaMg

kicÕbMerIk~ ¨g®KabnÊan’ suxumalPaB bridΩan nigGPirkß karGg�as®Vk’ kar®Kb’®Kg karbe®gon nigrdΩVlCaedIm.

G~kBn¬t’eP¬ IgCae®cIn nigbuK�likkicÕbMerIk~ ¨g®KabnÊan’Cae®cInk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIKWCaG~ksµ &®KeF√Ikarcit∂.

eyageTAtamkarsÊg’mtimYy 47PaKry´n®bCaCnEdlVneFI√kargarsµ

&®Kcit∂ Vnp∂l’mUlehturbs’x¬ ÁncMeBaHkareFI√karsµ

&®Kcit∂enH fax¬ ÁnmanbMNg

cg’p∂l’kicÕbMerIeTAshKmn_. rI‰cMnYn43PaKryeTotVneFI√karsµ

&®Kcit∂enH BIe®BaHeKVnTTYlnUvesck∂IeBjcit∂.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• Volunteering Australia www.volunteeringaustralia.org

PasaGg’eK¬sGU®s∂alI

k~ ¨gkalEdlPasaGg’ek¬sCaPasaCatirbs’GU®s∂alIk† I enAmanBak¥Cak’lak’ nigkenßamBak¥mYycMnYnEdleKVncat’TukfaCarbs’GU®s∂alIEtmYy

Kt’tamry:kare®bICaTUeTA ehIymanBak¥x¬HemIleTAdUcCacMELk …P&n†®cLMcMeBaHG~keTIbmkdl’fµ I@.

bN∂aBak¥EdlCaPasaG~k®suk …®KamPasamYycMnYnman®bPBedImxus@K~aCae®cIn. Bak¥x¬HmanT®mg’x¬ IsMrab’Bak¥Evg@. Bak¥Cae®cIneTot KWCa

kenßamBak¥Edl®tUvVne®bIedayCnGen∂a®bevsn_rYcmkehIy mkBIPaKxageCIg´n®beTsGg’eK¬s k*b‘ uEn∂EdlBak¥TaMgenH®tUvVneKykmke®bICa

Bak¥GU®s∂alIcab’taMgBIeBlenaHmk. BlrdΩGU®s∂alICaerOy@Etge®bIBak¥kat’@ ”TahrN_ football (Vl’Tat’) k¬ayeTACa ‘footy’ (h√flËFI),

television (TUrTsßn_) k¬ayeTACa ‘telly’ (fwllI) nig barbecue (karGaMgsac’) k¬ayeTACa ‘barbie’ (VbflI).

kare®bIBak¥TaMgenHx¬H Cajwkjab’Vndak’pßMCamYyGtƒn&ykMEb¬grbs’GU®s∂alIEdlmanlk≈N:KYr[cg’esIc ehIy®BehInBuMsUvecHeGonxµas’

EdlCYnkalGacbN∂al[mankarP&n†®cLM.

®bsinebIelakG~kminsUvyl’faetIkenßamBak¥enHmann&yya‘gdUcem†c minCaf√IeTEdlelakG~ksaksYrG~kEdlVnniyayenaH[eKBn¥l’CUn

elakG~k.

kenßamBak¥sm&BaÔx¬H@EdlelakG~k GacæeKniyayBImYyeBlmYyeBlKW:

Arvo (Gav‘ U): Bak¥niyayx¬ IsMrab’ eBlresol - ‘drop by this arvo’ mann&yfa sUmGeBaÇIjmkelgenAeBlresolenH.

Barbecue, BBQ, Barbie (VbflIX¥Ë,

BBQ VbflI):

karcMGinm˙ËbGaharenAe®kApÊH

tamFmµtacMGinsac’elIbnÊH …xÊHrabedaye®bI”sµ &n …F¥Ëg

fµ. mÕas’pÊHbMerIsac’GaMgCamYysaLat’ nignMb&ugEvg.

vaCaerOgFmµtaeTEdleP∆øv®tUvVneKGeBaÇIjeTA

BBQ ehIysYrG~kEdlGeBaÇIjenaHfaetI[

KYr[eKnaMykG√IeTAx¬H.

snag (es~K˙) KWCa®bePTsac’®kkeqA Fmµta®tUveKcMGinenA BBQ . sac’®kkenHGaceFI√BIsac’®CUk

sac’eKa sac’man’

bEn¬ nig®Kab’FBaÔCati.

Barrack for (Ver‘k h√&r):

karKaM®TcMeBaH …E®skKaM®TcMeBaH (CaTUeTAcMeBaH®kumkILaNamYy).

Bloke (b¬ Ëk): burs CYnkal®bsinebIelakG~kes~ IsuM[eKCYyelakG~k

enaHeKGacniyaymkkan’elakG~kvijfa ‘see that bloke over

there’ sUmeTACYbbursm~ak’enATIenaH‰g).

Bring a plate (®bIg eG ep¬t): ®bsinebIeKGeBaÇIjelakG~keTACb’elog

…BiFIG√ImYy

ehIyeK[elakG~k ‘bring a plate’ enaHmann&yfa

ykm˙ËbmYycan

eTAEckrMElkCamYymÕas’pÊHrbs’G~k nigeP∆øvd´TeTot. karenHCaerOgFmµtasMrab’karCYbCuMK~aCashKmn_

dUcCasMrab’salaeron

kEn¬geFI√kar

nigk¬ wb. ®bsinebIelakG~kminc∫as’faetI®tUvykG√IeTACamYy

sUmsYrG~kEdlGeBaÇIjelakG~k.


BYO (bflI-v‘ay-GU):

®bsinebIelakG~kTTYlkarGeBaÇIjEdlmanEcgfa

‘BYO’ enHmann&yfa cUrykePsCÇ:rbs’elakG~kpÊal’eTACamYypg.

®bsinebIelakG~kminBisasuraeT elakG~kGacykTwkEp¬eQI ePsCÇ: …sUda …TwkeTAVn. ePaCnIydΩanx¬HCaePaCnIydΩan BYO. elakG~k

Gacyk®sarbs’elakG~kmkVn k*b‘ uEn†eKnwgKit´f¬ebIkq~ ¨k …KMrbdb bMerI nigkarlagsMGatEkvEdleKehAfa ‘corkage’ (xkXIc).

Cuppa (xab’pa): mann&yfaEtmYyEBg …kaeh√mYyEBg ‘drop by this arvo for a cuppa’ mann&yfa sUmGeBaÇIIjcUlmk´f©resol

enHedIm∫ImkBisaEt…kaeh√.

Digger (DIkeh�Ir):

yuTÏCnGU®s∂alI

Go for your life (ehfl�a

h√&r

yYr Lay√): VT/cas sUmeF√IeTAcuH.

G’day (h�wded):

sYs∂I

etIelakG~ksuxsb∫ayCa…eT?

Fair go (Eh√flr

ehfl�a

/ karman{kasesµ IK~a): kar®b®Bwt†cMeBaHK~aedaysmPaB. enHmann&yfaG√IEdlmnusßm~ak’eFI√VnsMercenAk~¨gCIvit ®tUvEt

CalTÏpl´neTBekasl¥ kicÕkar nigkarxM®bwgE®bgrbs’eK CaCaglTÏplEdlmanmkBIkMeNItrbs’eK …karGnue®KaHniym.

Fortnight (h√&tNay†

/ BIrsV†h_): Bak¥enHmann&yfary:eBlBIrsV∂h_.

No worries (NUv‘rI / kuMP&y®BYy):

minbBa˙aG√IeT.

kicÕkar …sMNUmBrnwg®tUveKGnuvt∂n_edayKµankarCMTas’ …rMxanG√IeT.

Ocker (GukeXIr): BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®bkbedaykm¬aMgx¬aMg skmµenACnbT/…niyaymYyEbbeTotKWCaCnEdlbg˙aj[eXIjnUvKuNsm∫t∂i

EdleK

cat’TukfaBlrdΩGU®s∂alIEdlmanlk≈N:EbbbTFmµta dUcCamankarkMb¬ ¨kkMEb¬gVnlÌ ecHCYyykGasar ehIyman®beyaCn_.

Shout (ehßA): V‘v …CYybg’´f¬ePsCÇ:[G~kNam~ak’. enAtametom®sa eBlNamit∂mYy ®kumCYbCuMK~a

vaCaerOgFmµtaeTEdlCnm~ak’@

‘shout a round’ (V‘v[K~am~ak’m†g@) mann&yfaTijePsCÇ:[mnusß®Kb’K~a. mnusßm~ak’@dak’evnK~aedIm∫ITij[K~a ‘m~ak’m†g@ ‘ .

To be crook (FU bflI

®KuK): min®sYlx¬ Án …QWf˚at’.

manesoveTAmYycMnYns∂IGMBIPasaG~k®suk

…®KamPasamanrYmTaMg Macquarie Dictionary Book of Slang.

BiFIbuN¥epßg@ nig´f©buN¥Qb’sMrak

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIrMlwkTivaCak’lak’mYycMnYnCaerogral’q~aMEdlmanGtƒn&yc∫as’las’ …Casar:sMxan’rbs’Cati.

G~keF√IkarPaKe®cInk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alImancMnYn´f©Qb’sMraksaFarN:rbs’Cati nigtamrdΩ …EdndI®bEhl12´f© k~ ¨gmYyq~aM bEnƒmBIelIkarQb’

sMrak®bcaMq~aMrbs’eK.

´f©Qb’sMrakx¬H k~ ¨gcMeNam´f©Qb’sMrakTaMgenH®tUvVnkMNt’eday´f©Qb’sMrakmYysMrab’BlrdΩ®Kb’rUb ehIyCaTUeTA®tUvVn®VrBΩeF√IeLIgenA

´f©cMEtmYyk~ ¨g®Kb’rdΩ nigEdndITaMgGs’. CYnkaleK®VrBΩBiFITUTaMg®beTs CaBiesstamry:®Bwt∂ikarN_EdleKVnerobcMcat’EcgTukmun.

´f©Qb’

sMrak®bcaMtMbn’x¬H®tUvVneK®VrBΩeF√IeLIgenAk~

¨grdΩ nigEdndICak’lak’NamYyEtb‘ ueNâH.

Christmas (´f©buN¥®KIsÊma‘s/´f©®BHeysfl U®bsUt) nig Easter (´f©buN¥GI usÊeFI/´f©buN¥®BHeysfl UsuKt nigman®BHCnµrs’eLIgvij):

KWCa´f©d*sMxan’BIrenAk~ ¨g®b®ktiTin®KIsÊsasna (®KIsÊan) ®tUvVneKkMNt’Ca´f©Qb’sMraksaFarN:rbs’CatiTUTaMg®beTsGU®s∂alI. ´f©buN¥

®KIsÊma‘s KWeF√IenA´f©TI25

ExF~ Ë erogral’q~aM rI‰´f©buN¥GIusÊeFI

Gacb‘HcMcugExmina …edImemsa.

Boxing Day

Boxing Day (´f©buksIug)

KWcM´f©TI26 ExF~ Ë ehIyKWCa´f©Qb’sMraksaFarN:. G~kx¬Hmaneyabl’faKWCa´f©Edlmankar®bkYtkILa®bdal’

…´f©EckGeNaydak’k~ ¨g®bGb’. Boxing Day ®tUvVneKcat’TukfaCaEp~kmYy´nBiFIbuN¥®KIsÊma‘s.

´f©cUlq~aMfµ I enA´f©TI1 Exmkra erogral’q~aM ehIyKW´f©Qb’sMrakCasaFarN:. KWCaeBlTUeTAsMrab’BlrdΩk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIEdleKEtgykkar

Qb’sMrak®bcaMq~aMrbs’eKk~ ¨gGML¨¨gry:eBlcab’BIBak’kN∂alExF~

Ë eTAcugExmkra.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

33


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

34

´f©buN¥CatisMxan’@‰eTotman:

Australia Day (´f©GU®s∂alI)

Australia Day KWeF√ IenA´f©TI26 ExmkraKWCa´f©EdlBlrdΩGU®s∂alInaMK~arMlwk´f©taMgTIlMenAelIkTImYyrbs’BYkGWr‘ ubk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gq~aM1788.

u

enHKWCa´f©Qb’sMraksaFarN:rbs’Cati ehIyG~kmkdl’fµ I@®tUvVns√aKmn_CaBiess[cUlrYmenAk~ ¨g®Bwt∂ikarN_´n´f©GU®s∂alI

(Australia Day)

nigCYbCamYyBlrdΩGU®s∂alId*´TeTot.

Anzac Day

Anzac Day (´f© Anzac) eF√IenA´f©TI25

ExemsaKWCa´f©EdlkgT&BGU®s∂alI nigjËvehflßLwn (Anzacs) VncuHctenA Gallipoli k~ ¨g®beTs

TYrKI (Turkey) k~ ¨gq~aM1915 k~ ¨gGm¬ ¨gs®g�amelakelIkTI1. ´f©enHehIyEdl®tUvVneKcat’TukedayELkenAk~ ¨gsµartIrlwkviBaÔaNxnΩyuTΩCn

TaMgLayEdlVn®byuTΩedIm∫I®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIynigyuTΩCnTaMgLaylayeTotEdlVnVt’bg’CIvitenAk~ ¨gs®g�am. enHKWCa´f©Qb’sMrak

saFarN:rbs’Cati ehIy®tUvVneKrMlwkedaymanBiFIbuN¥dak’k®mgp˚a nigkardEg˙redaykgeyaFapgEdr.

´f©buN¥xYbkMeNIt®BHmhkß®tiyanI

´f©buN¥xYbkMeNIt®BHmhkß®tiyanI ®tUvVneK®VrBΩeLIgerogral’q~aMenA´f©c&nÊ TI2 k~ ¨gExmifuna ehIyenHKWCa´f©Qb’sMrab’saFarN:k~ ¨g®Kb’rdΩ

nigEdndITaMgGs’ elIkElgEtrdΩGU®s†alIxaglic EdlenATIenaHeK®VrBΩeF√IenAExkBaÔa

…tula.

Australian Citizenship Day (´f©sBaÇatiGU®s∂alI)

Australian Citizenship Day (´f©sBaÇatiGU®s∂alI) Vnbeg˚IteLIgenA´f©TI17

ExkBaÔa q~aM2001 ehIyCa´f©xYbkMeNIt´nkardak’eQµaHeLIg

vij´nc∫ab’Cati nigcUlsBaÇatiq~aM1948 (Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948) eTACac∫ab’sBaÇatiGU®s∂alI (Australian

Citizenship Act) enAk~

¨gq~aM1973. KWCa{kasmYysMrab’BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUb edIm∫Iq¬ ¨¨HbBaÕaMgnUvGtƒn&y

nigx¬ wmsar´nPaBCasBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

ehIyeF√IBiFIGbGrcMeBaHt´m¬sIlFm·Edlb®gYbb®gYmeyIgTaMgGs’K~a.

ya‘gNamij enHminEmn´f©Qb’sMraksaFarN:eT.

Melbourne Cup Day (´f©®bNaMgesHEm‘lbfln)

Melbourne Cup Day (´f©®bNaMgesHEm‘lbfln) eF√IeLIgcM´f©Gg�ar_TI1Exviciœka

erogral’q~aM. Melbourne Cup KWCakar®bNaMesHl∫I@k~ ¨gBiPB

elak. BlrdΩPaKe®cIneTaHbICaenAkEn¬geF√Ikarsalaeron

…pÊHeKQb’ ehIynaMK~aemIlkar®bNaMgesHtamTUrTsßn_. enHKWCa´f©Qb’

sMraksaFarN:enAk~ ¨gtMbn’CuMvij®kugEm‘lbfln.

enAtamkEn¬gd*´TeTot nigPaKe®cInenAkEn¬geFI√karBlrdΩCae®cInTTYlTanGahar´f©®tg’

…Cb’

elog edIm∫IGbGr Melbourne Cup.

kILa El∫gkMsan∂ nigsil∫:

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIPaKe®cIn®sLaj’kILa ehIyCae®cInnak’eTotVnsMerclTΩplKYrCaTIeBjcit∂k~ ¨gkMritl∫IBUEkCageK. enAk~ ¨gkar®bkYtkILaGULaMBikenA

®kug Athens q~aM2004 ®beTsGU®s∂alIVnTTYlcMNat’f~ak’TIbYn´nem´dsrubTaMgGs’ bnÊab’BIshrdΩGaemrikcinnigrusßI. enAk~ ¨gkar®bkYtVl’

Tat’BiPBelakq~aM2006 ®beTsGU®s∂alIVneLIgdl’kMritf~ak’p∂ac’®Bat’TI16.

k*b‘ uEn∂minEmn®Kan’Etf~ak’kMritkMBUlb‘ ueNâHeTEdlBlrdΩGU®s∂alIcUlcit∂kILarbs’x¬ Án. karsÊabsÊg’mtiCatimYyfµ I@enHVnbg˙aj[eXIjfaBlrdΩ

GU®s∂alIcMnYn11lannak’EdlmanGayu15q~aM …elIsBIenHVncUlrYmya‘gehacNas’1m∂gk~ ¨gmYysV∂h_ edIm∫IbeBaÕjkMLaMgkayhtƒ®VN

elgEl∫gkMsan∂nigkILa - G®tacUlrYmKW®bEhlCa70PaKry.

skmµPaBbeBaÕjkMLaMgkaycMnYn10EdleKniymCageKKWkaredIr karhat’®VN aerobics) …k*elIkduMEdkB®gwgsac’duM

karEhlTwk

karCiHkg’ karelgfinIs (tennis) karelgEl∫gh�¨l√

(golf) karedIrtam´®B kILaVl’Tat’ (soccer) nigkILaVl’eVH (netball).

bN∂akILa ‰eTotEdleKniymmanrYmTaMgkILa cricket (®KIkxit) fwnIs hockey (hukKI) nigCiHs�I

(skiing).

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIk*cUlcit†elg - nigcUlcit∂emIl - ®kumkILa rugby league, rugby union nigkILaVl’Tat’tamEbbGU®

s∂alI CakILaGU®s†alIEtmYyKt’Edlman®bPBedImmkBIsNΩankILa rugby nigkILaVl’Tat’ Gaelic football.

®beTsGU®s∂alIsMercsMrYlVn®besIreTAnwgskmµPaBedayep∂ateTAelIskmµPaBe®kApÊH k*b‘ uEn∂manvin&ysuvtƒiPaBmYycMnYnedIm∫IcgcaM:


• enA‰mat’smu®T ®tUvEhlTwkenAk~ ¨gtMbn’EdlmanG~kyaml∫atCYyse®g�aHb‘ ueNâH. ®tUvEhlenATIEdlenAcen¬aHmandak’Tg’C&y ehIy®tUvcg

caMfaminEmn®Kb’mat’smu®TmanG~kyaml∫atCYyse®g�aHeLIy.

• cUreCosvagEhlTwk …sÊÁc®tIEtm~ak’‰gCaBiessenAtamTIkEn¬gdac’®syal.

• cUrBak’mYkEv‘ntasMelokbMBak’karBarx¬ Án (dUcCaGavEdx¬ I) rkm¬b’®Ck ehIye®bIe®kmkarBarkMedA´f© enAeBl´f©ek∂AedIm∫IeCosvagkarlakEs∫k

edaykMedA´f© nigmharIkEs∫k.

• cUrcgcaMfakarbg˚at’eP¬ Ig nigkarGaMgsac’e®kApÊHmin®tUvVnGnuBaÔat[maneT enAcM´f©EdleK®bkasfaCa´f©ham®Vmmin[bg˚at’eP¬ Igdac’xat.

qakKMnUrrs’revIk

®beTsGU®s∂alImanqaksil∫:rs’revIkmYyEdlq¬ ¨¨HbBaÕaMgTaMg®b´BNIvb∫Fm·CnCatiedImrbs’Cati

nigKMnUrvici®tedayp�¨¨MrUbtUcd*®tecH®tcg’rbs’vb∫Fm·

Gen∂a®bevsn_.

®Kb’®Tg’®Tay´nsil∫:KMnUr nigsEm∫g mancMnYnG~kedIrtam …KaM®Tya‘ge®cIn manrYmTaMgExßrPaByn∂sil∫: eragel≈an nigt®n∂I.

eyageTAtamkar

sÊg’mtimYy BlrdΩGU®s∂alIeBjv&yesÊIrEt13lannak’

…88PaKrycUlrYm®Bwt∂ikarvb∫Fm·

…karsEm∂gvb∫Fm·erogral’q~aM.

®beTsGU®s∂alIman®b´BNIyGk≈kmµya‘gx¬aMgk¬aEdlVncab’ep∂ImeLIgedaykarniyayerOgt@K~aGMBICnCatiedImGU®s∂alI

ehIybn∂karniyayerOg

ra‘vpÊal’mat’GMBIG~keTasEdlVnmk®beTsGU®s∂alIk~ ¨gcugstßvtßr_TI18.

manBlrdΩGU®s∂alIm~ak’VnQ~Hrg√an’ Nobel Prize elIEp~kGkßrsa®s† edaymanG~kniBnÏ®belamelak Patrick White EdlVnTTYlrg√an’

k~ ¨gq~aM1973. G~kniBnÏ®belamelakGU®s∂alId*®bCa®bIy_´nstßvtßn_TI20‰eTotmanrYmTaMg Peter Carey, Bryce Courtenay, Colleen

McCullough, Morris West nig Tim Winton.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• ®ksYgKmnaKmn_ B&t·manviT¥a nigsil∫: www.dcita.gov.au

• ®kum®bwkßaGU®s∂alI www.ozco.gov.au

• KN:kmµkarkILaGU®s∂alI www.ozco.gov.au

G~kVnsMerceCaKC&y nigG~kbeg˚Its~a´dfµ

I@Ep~kviT¥asa®s∂

BlrdΩGU®s∂alIman®bvt∂ikMNt’®tad*mutmaMs∂IGMBIkarsMercVneCaKC&y

nigbeg˚Its~a´dfµ

I@Ep~kviT¥asa®s∂Cae®cIn KYr[kt’sm�al’k~ ¨gvis&yviT¥asa®s∂

becÕkviT¥a ksikmµEr‘ nig”sßahkmµ.

®kumG~kbeg˚Its~a´ddMbUgeKKWCnCatiedImGU®s∂alIEdlVnbeg˚It”bkrN_x¬HeFI√GMBIfµ

k~ ¨gcMeNam”bkrN_eFI√GMBIfµelIkdMbUgeKk~

¨gBiPBelak dMbgeFI√

GMBIeQIragekagrbs’CnCatiGabUrICInI (dMbg®KEvgmanragBiess EdlecaleTA ehIyvil®tLb’mkrkmÕas’edImvij eBlNaecal®KEvgVn

®twm®tUv) nigs~r (lMEBgmandgs®mab’kan’).

s~a´dfµ I@Cae®cIneTotmanrYmTaMgkarbeg˚It´n®kdas®Vk’eFI√BI

polymer (b‘ UlIemI) Edlmandak’Cab’lk≈N:sn† isuxBiessminGacrEhkVn ehIy

enACab’VnyUrCag®kdas®Vk’‰eTotcMnYnbYndg nigkarrkeXIjnUvBnΩruk≈CatimYyEdlGacbeg˚Itplitpl®Kab’FBaÔCatirbs’BiPBelak.

BlrdΩGU

®s∂alIk*kMBugnaMp¬ ËveKpgEdrk~ ¨gkarVnsMerceCaKC&yEp~kevCÇsa®s† nigkarbeg˚ItnUvbecÕkviCÇa

edIm∫ItamrkeXIjnUv®Kab’rMesv nig®Kab’mInminTan’pʨH.

karVnsMerceCaKC&yfµ I@Ep~kevCÇsa®s†manrYmTaMgkarbeg˚ItnUv

Relenza KWCaf~aM®bqaMgCm© Wp∂asayFM elIkTImYyk~ ¨gBiPBelak KWCakarq¬ ¨¨HemIlmYy

EdlGaccab’Vnya‘grh&snUvcMNucekItBIkMedA´f©EdlbN∂al[ekIteraKmharIk nigf~aMbg˚arcak’karBareraKmharIkks∫Ën.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

35


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | sg�mGU®s∂alIk~

¨geBlbcÕ

¨b∫n~

36

BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®VMbYnnak’VnTTYlrg√an’ Nobel Prize cMeBaHkarVnsMerceCaKC&yEp~kviT¥asa®s∂ …evCÇsa®s∂. G~kTTYlrg√an’naeBlfµ I@enH

KWsa®s†acar¥ Barry Marshall nigbNÎit

Robin Warren EdlVnTTYlrg√an’k~ ¨gq~aM2005 cMeBaHkarrkeXIjrbs’elaknUvVk’etrIEdl

bN∂al[ekItdMe◊®kBH nigeraKrlak®kBH. k~ ¨gq~aM1996 sa®s∂acar¥ Peter Doherty VnTTYlrg√an’cMeBaHkargarrbs’elaks∂IGMBIkarsikßa

GMBIPaBsuaMnwgeraK.

erogral’q~aMenAcM´f© Australia Day (´f©GU®s†alI) eKEtg[eQµaHBlrdΩGU®s∂alI®bcaMq~aM ‘Australian of the Year’. BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®bcaM

q~aM2005 2006 nig2007 kn¬gmkKWCaG~kviT¥asa®s∂TaMgGs’. k~ ¨gq~aM2005 rg√an’VneTAelIbNÎit

Fiona Wood EdlVnbeg˚Itf~aMVj’

elIEs∫kya‘gEb¬ksMrab’Cnrge®KaHEdlrlakEs∫k. k~ ¨gq~aM2006 rg√an’VneTAelIsa®s∂acar¥ Ian Frazer EdlVnbeg˚Itf~aMcak’bg˚areraKmharIk

ks∫Ën ehIyk~ ¨gq~aM2007 G~kTTYlrg√an’KWCaG~kviT¥asa®s∂xagbridΩannaMmuxeK sa®s∂acar¥ Tim Flannery.

bNÎit

Wood nigsa®s∂car¥ Frazer TaMgBIrnak’KWCaGtItCnGen∂a®bevsn_mkBI®beTsGg’eK¬s. G~kbeg˚Its~a´dfµ

ICamYysa®s∂car¥ Frazer

KWbNÎit

Jian Zhou EdlVnTTYlGnicÕkmµ CaGtItCnGen∂a®bevsn_mkBI®beTscinmkkan’®beTsGU®s†alI ehIyVncUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

munelakcUlmrN:PaB.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• ®ksYgGb’rMviT¥asa®s∂nigh√wkh√Wn

www.dest.gov.au

• Backing Australia’s Ability www.innovation.gov.au

• Gg�kar®sav®CavEp~kviT¥asa®s∂ nig”sßahkmµshB&nΩ www.csiro.au


karrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

kargar nigl&k≈x&NÎkargar

TIpßarBlkmµGU®s∂alIGacmankar®bkYt®bECgNas’. G~kmkdl’fµ I@GacrkVnkargarqab’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI edayGa®s&yeTAelIkt∂aesdΩkicÕ

sBaÔab&®t nigCMnajkar®bePTkargarEdlrk nigsƒanPaBdak’Es∂gEdlGacmanplb‘HBal’dl’PaBmankargar´n®bePTkicÕkark~ ¨gkEn¬gepßg@K~a

´n®beTs.

muncakecjmkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alI CnGen∂a®bevsn_KYrkemIl[VndwgGMBIkargarEdlx¬ ÁnGacrkVn ehIyfaetImanl&k≈x&NÎ …esck∂It®mUvBiess

NamYyGnuvt∂n_eTAnwgkicÕkarEdleKcg’eFI√enaH…eT.

sMrab’kargarCae®cInenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIG~kdak’Bak¥suM®tUvEtmanlTΩPaBcuHeQµaH

…manGaC∆a

b&NĈamYyGaC∆aFrrdΩ …EdndIk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI nig/…k*GacmansiTiΩCasmaCik´nsƒab&nviCÇaCIv:

…Gg�karmYy.

®Vk’eborvtßr_ nigl&k≈x&NÎelIkargarsMrab’kmµkrk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIeKGacEcgeLIgeday:

• kicÕ®Bme®BogelIkargar (award)

• kicÕ®Bme®BogelIkargartamp¬ Ëvc∫ab’ (Australian Workplace Agreement or Collective Agreement)

(kicÕ®BmeBogelIkargarenAtamTIkEn¬geF√IkarGU®s∂alI

…kicÕ®Bme®BogelIkargarrYm) …

• kicÕ®Bme®BogelIkargarenAe®kamesck† IsMercrbs’tulakar (common law agreement)

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI ®Kb’kargar nigviCÇaCIv:TaMgGs’KWebIkcMhsMrab’burs nig®s∂I.

manc∫ab’edIm∫IkarBarG~keF√Ikar®bqaMgnwgkar®b®Bwt∂mkelIedaymin

smrm¥ …kar®bkan’erIseGIgEdlmanmUldΩanelIePT BUCsasn_ BikarPaB sasna …p¬ ËvePT.

c∫ab’{kas[mankargareF√Iesµ

IK~a (Equal Employment Opportunity ) t®mUv[kEn¬geFI√karFanafa{kas

karB®gIk nigkarh√wkh√WnelIkargar

®tUvmanmUldΩanelIKuNsm∫t∂i

CMnajkar nigbTBiesaFn_rbs’G~keF√Ikar

CaCagkar®b®Bwt∂eTAelIedaykarniym …kar®bkan’erIseGIg.

enAe®kamc∫ab’GU®s∂alI G~keF√IkarGace®CIscUlrYm

(…mincUlrYm) CamYyshCIB.

kariyal&yCatisMrab’karTTYls�al’CMnajmkBIbreTs (NOOSR) GacCYy®bsinebIelakG~kCaG~kviCÇaCIv:Edlmankarh√wkh√WnenAe®kA®beTs

GU®s∂alI ehIyCaBlrdΩmansiTiΩrs’enACaGcí

®n∂y_k~ u¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI.

B&t·mans∂ITak’TinnwgkargarCak’lak’NamYy

nigkarTTYls�al’CMnaj KWGacTTYlykVntamvuibsaydUcxage®kamenH:

• k† IsgÙwmelIkargar karkg√HCMnajkar nigGaCIBenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI www.jobsearch.gov.au

• kEn¬geFI√karenAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI www.workplace.gov.au

• Cn®bevsn_EdlmanCMnajkar www.skilledmigrant.gov.au

• karTTYls�al’sBaÔab&®tEp~kviCÇaCIv: www.workplace.gov.au/tra

• AEI–NOOSR www.aei.dest.gov.au

BnΩdar

®Kb’BlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’Vnt®mUv[bg’BnΩelI®Vk’cMNUlrbs’eK eBlNaeKrkVn®Vk’cMNUlelIsBIcMnYnCak’lak’NamYyk~ ¨gq~aMnImYy@.

®Vk’cMNUlEdl®tUvbg’BnΩmanrYmTaMg®Vk’ebovt¥r_ rkVnBIkargar ®Vk’cMNUlVnBIGaCIvkmµ nigkar®Vk’rkVnBI®Vk’dak’enAk~ ¨gFnaKar …k*®Vk’rk

VnmkBIkarvinieyaKepßgeTot.

TMnij nigkicÕbMerIPaKe®cInmanBnΩcMnYntictYcdak’bBaÕËleTAk~

¨gt´m¬EdlelakG~knwg®tUvbg’. BnΩenHehAfa BnΩTMnij nigkicÕbMerI Goods and

Services Tax (GST).

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

37


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

38

BnΩ®bmUledayrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI ®tUvVnyke®bIsMrab’p∂l’kicÕbMerIEp~ksuxumalPaB kicÕbMerIEp~ksuxaPiVl Ep~kkarBar®beTs nigehdΩarcnasmı&nΩ

dUcCap¬ Ëvf~l’sMxan’@.

rdΩ nigEdndIk*®bmUlBnΩdar (ehAfaBnΩGakr) (stamp duties) eTAelIkicÕkarCMnYj nigkicÕbMerICak’lak’x¬H. ®Vk’enH®tUvykeTAe®bIsMrab’cMNay

elIkicÕbMerI nigehdΩarcnasmı&nΩTaMgLayenAtamrdΩ

nigEdndIdUcCakgbU‘lIs

mnÊIreBT¥

nigp¬ Ëvf~l’enAtamrdΩnigtMbn’.

q~aMsareBIB&nΩGU®s∂alKWcab’BÍ f©TI1 Exkk˚da eTA´f©TI30 Exmifuna. enAe®kamc∫ab’GU®s∂alIBlrdΩPaKe®cInVnt®mUv[eF√IrVykarN_®Vk’cMNUlBnΩdar

mYyq~aMm∂g EdlenAk~ ¨grVykarN_enaH®tUvraykarN_[VnBis∂arGMBI®Kb’®Vk’cMNUlTaMgGs’EdlTTYlVnBI®Kb’Ep~k ehIy®tUvbg’BnΩeTA[rdΩ.

enAk~ ¨gkrNICae®cIn BnΩ®tUvVndkpÊal’edaynieyaCkecjBI®Vk’ebovtßr_EdlebIk[m†g@ ehIybg’eTA[®ksYgBnΩdar Australian Taxation

Office (ATO).

®Vk’sMrab’eBlcUlnivt†n_

®Vk’sMrab’eBlcUlnivt†n_KWCakmµviFIsnßM®Vk’EdlCYy G~keF√Ikar[man®Vk’ciBaÕwmCIvitenAeBleKcUlnivt†n_.

esÊIrEt®Kb’mnusßEdlVnTTYlkargar

eF√Ik~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI®tUvEtcuHeQµaHcUlrYmenAk~ ¨gmUlniFIkmµviFI®Vk’sMrab’eBlcUlnivt†n_ ehIynieyaCk®tUvVnt®mUvedayc∫ab’[eFI√viPaKdl’mUl

niFi®Vk’sMrab’eBlcUlnivt†n_. kmµviFIenH®tUvVneKs�al’faCakarviPaKTanFanaelI®Vk’sMrab’eBlcUlnivt†n_snßMrbs’nieyaCk (Employer

Superannuation Guarantee).

edIm∫ITTYlykB&t·manbEnƒms∂IGMBI®Vk’sMrab’eBlcUlnivt†n_

nigBnΩdar GacTTYlykVnBIkariyal&yBnΩ darGU®s∂alI

TUrs&BÊ: 132 861

viubsay:

www.ato.gov.au

Ep~kTIlMenA

karcMNayelIkarp¬as’b† ËrTIkEn¬genAkEn¬gNamYyKWmant´m¬xıs’. mankarcMNayya‘ge®cInTak’TinnwgkareFI√dMeNIrmkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alI

karerIGIuva‘n’k~

¨gpÊH nigkarerobcMTIlMenAfµ I.

´f¬pÊHnigpÊHEl√g (CajwkjyeKehAfapÊHyUnIt …pÊHEl√g/Eh√flt

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI) mant´m¬xıs’CaBiessenA®kugsIudnIy

Perth Em‘lbfln

nigEXnebflIra‘.

karCYl …TijpÊH…pÊHEl√gCaTUeTAeKEtgeFI√eLIgtamry:P~ak’kargarGsg˙arwm

Edlmanc∫ab’GnuBaÔat®twm®tUv. eTaHCaya‘gNak† I eKGacTij lk’

…CYlpÊHCa‰kCnVnEdr ehIyenHKWCakarlÌEdlKYrBie®KaHCamYyemFavI munnwgeF√IdUec~aH.

pÊHsEm∫gsMrab’lk’ …CYl®tUvVneKcuHpßayenAk~ ¨gsarB&t·man®bcaM´f© FmµtaenA´f©esAr_ ehIynigenAtamGI uneFINit nigeBjTUTaMgP~ak’garGsg˙arwm.

enAeBlCYlpÊH FmµtaeKEtgbg’®Vk’kk’bg˚arEdlmancMnYnesµ Inwg®Vk’´f¬Q~ ÁlmYyEx bUknwg´f¬Q~ ÁlmYy Ex®tUvbg’Camun. ®Vk’kk’bg˚ar

tamFmµtanwg®tUv®bKl’eTA[G~kCYlpÊHvij eBlNaG~kCYlQb’enApÊHCYlenaH ehIyeKGacdkhUtkarcMNayNamYysMrab’karCYsCul

…lagsMGat®bsinebIcaMVc’.


®Vk’sg�mkicÕ

Centrelink KWCaP~ak’garrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIEdlcat’EcgkicÕbMerImYycMnYn nigkarebIk®Vk’eTA[shKmn_GU®s∂alI. enHmanrYmTaMgCMnYyeTAdl’Bl

rdΩEdlman®Vk’cMNUltic BlrdΩcUlnivt∂n_ BlrdΩEdlmanBikarPaB BlrdΩEs√grkkargareFI√

matabitaeTal nigBlrdΩEfTaMG~kepßgeTot nigkicÕ

bMerICae®cIneTot. ®Vk’CMnYy nigkicÕbMerIEdlGtifiCnNam~ak’mansiTiΩTTYl

nwgGa®s&yeTAelIsƒanPaBpÊal’rbs’eKm~ak’@.

rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alImanCMenOfameF¥aVld*®besIrbMput´nkar”btƒm∏KWtamry: kargarEdlTTYl®Vk’ebovtßr_. Centrelink tPÇab’TMnak’TMng®bCaCn

eTAnwgkicÕbMerIp�t’p�g’EdlCYyeK edIm∫IEs√grkkargar k~ ¨gxN:Edlp∂l’kar”btƒm∏Ep~k®Vk’kasdl’BlrdΩEdlmankarlMVkeFI√karedaysarEtsƒan

PaBCak’lak’rbs’eK. ®bCaCnEdlTTYl®Vk’BI Centrelink Gact®mUv[Es√grkkargareFI√

®bsinebIeKmanlTΩPaB …k*EklMGCMnajkarrbs’eK

edIm∫I[eKGacTTYlVnkargareF√IenAeBlGnaKt.

®bCaCnEdlmkdl’®beTsGU®s∂alIenAe®kamTidΩakarCneP¬øsx¬ Án nigmnusßFm· tamFmµtamanlTΩPaBTTYlykkicÕbMerI nigkmµviFIeBjmYycMnYnFM

rbs’ Centrelink. CaTUeTABlrdΩfµ I@‰eTot®tUvEtrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI[VncMnYnBIrq~aM k~ ¨gxN:kan’TidΩakarBlrdΩmanlMenAdΩanCaGcí ®n†y_

munnwgeKGacTTYlCMnYye®cInbMputrbs’ Centrelink. eKnwg®tUvkareFI√[c∫as’®VkdfaeKman®Vk’®Kb’®Kan’edIm∫Ip�t’p�g’x¬

ÁneK nigkUnrbs’eKenA

k~ ¨gry:eBlenaH. ry:eBlrg’caMGacxus@K~a KWGa®s&yeTAelIkarp�t’p�g’EdleK®tUvkar nigsƒanPaBrbs’eKm~ak’@pÊal’.

CMnYymankMritGacmansMrab’CnGen∂a®bevsn_fµ Ix¬H dUcCaCYyrkkarkareFI√

®Vk’CMnYy®KYsar edIm∫ICYybg’elÍ f¬cMNayk~ ¨gkarciBaÕwmkUn.

B&t·manbEnƒm

s∂IGMBICMnYysMrab’®KYsarrKWGacTTYlykVnBIkariyal&yCMnYy®KYsar

Family Assistance Office rbs’rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI.

CnGen∂a®bevsn_fµ IKYrTak’TgCamYy Centrelink nig/…kariyal&yCMnYy®KYsar[Vnya‘gqab’EdlGaceFI√eTAVn

e®kayBIVnmkdl’ edIm∫IEqk

emIlsiTiΩEdlGacman

nigCMnYyEdlmanp†l’ ”TahrN_ k~ ¨gkarEs√grkkargareFI√.

B&t·manTak’Tg:

Centrelink 13 2850

vuibsay:

www.centrelink.gov.au

kariyal&yCMnYy®KYsar: 13 6150

vuibsay:

www.familyassist.gov.au

Pasae®kABIPasaGg’eK¬s: 13 1202

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

39


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

40

´f¬B¥aVlenAtammnÊIreBT¥

nig´f¬f~aMeBT¥

rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIp∂l’CMnYyelIkarcMNay´f¬B¥aVlenAtammnÊIreBT¥

nig´f¬f~aMeBT¥caMVc’TaMgLaytamry:kmµviFImYyehAfa Medicare

Australia (emDIEXr GU®s†alI). rdΩaPiVlk*CYyecj´f¬f~aMeBT¥PaKe®cInpgEdr enAe®kame®KagkarCMnYyelI{sf Pharmaceutical Benefits

Scheme (PBS) sMrab’Gs’G~kEdlmanb&NêmDIEXr. CnGen∂a®bevsn_eTIbmkdl’fµ I@ KYrEqkemIlsiTiΩTTYlrbs’eK

edIm∫IcuH

eQµaHenAk~ ¨gkmµviFI Medicare edayeTAkariyal&yemDIEXrNamYy ehIyykmkCamYynUvlixitq¬gEdn ‰ksareFI√dMeNIr

nigB&t·manGMBITidΩa

karrbs’x¬ Án. viubsayrbs’

Medicare (cUrGanxage®kamenH) mankBaÕb’B&t·manEdlVnbkE®becjCaPasaxus@K~amYycMnYn.

G~kkan’TidΩakarbeN∂aHGasn~PaKe®cIn minmansiTÏ icuHeQµaHk~ ¨g Medicare eT k*b‘ uEn∂mankarelIkElgx¬H@ ”TahrN_ G~kmanTidΩakarbeN∂aHGasn~

EdlVndak’Bak¥suMTidΩkarGcí

®n∂y_ ehIyVnbMeBjc∫ab’caMVc’TaMgLay.

TMnak’TMngBis∂ar

TUrs&BÊÊ:

13 2011

viubsay:

www.medicareaustralia.gov.au

mane®KagkarFanara‘b’rgsuxPaB‰kpgEdr EdlCYybg’´f¬kicÕbMerIEp~keBT¥epßgeTotEdl minVn®KbdN†b’eday Medicare dUcCakarB¥aVlenA

k~ ¨gmnÊIreBT¥‰kCn

karemIlEfeFµj …EP~k …kardwkBBaÇËnedayLaneBT¥.

B&t·mans† IGMBIsuxPaB‰kCn

GIuem‘l:

privatehealth@health.gov.au

viubsay:

www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/private–1

f~ak’be®gonPasaGg’eK¬s

rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIcat’TukkareronPasaGg’eK¬sCaCMhandMbUg ehIymansarsMxan’bMput EdlG~ktaMgTIlMenAGaceroneqıaHeTAkan’kartaMgTIlMenAya‘g

eCaKC¥Ak~ ¨gshKmn_fµ I nigVnsMerceKaledApÊal’x¬ ÁnEp~ksg�m nigesdΩkicÕrbs’eK. ®bsinebIPasaGg’eK¬srbs’elakG~kminTan’yk

‘e®bIkarVn ‘ elakG~kGacmansiTiΩeronPasaGg’eK¬seday≤tKit´f¬

enAe®kamkmµviFIPasaGg’eK¬ssMrab’Cn®bevsn_eBjv&y Adult Migrant

English Programme (AMEP).

enAeBlGeBaÇIjmkdl’®beTsGU®s∂alI

sUmTak’TgtamExßTUrs&BÊp∂l’B&t·manrbs’®ksYgGen∂a®bevsn_ nigkarcUlsBaÇati (Department of

Immigration and Citizenship) edIm∫ITTYlykB&t·manbEnƒmeTotGMBIsiTiΩrbs’elakG~k

nigsƒab&np∂l’kicÕbMerI AMEP tamtMbn’. sUmkt’

cMNaMfa®bsinebImansiTiΩelakG~k®tUvcuHeQµaHeronPasaGg’eK¬s[Vnk~

¨gry:eBlbIExenAeBlVnTTYlTidΩakar[enACaGcí ®n∂y_ ®bsinebIelak

G~kenAk~ ¨g®beTs …k~ ¨gry:eBlbIEx´nkarGeBaÇIjmkdl’

®bsinebIelakG~kenAe®kA®beTs.

B&t·manTak’Tg:

TUrs&BÊÊ:

131 881

viubsay:

www.immi.gov.au/amep

kmµviFIbe®gonPasaGg’eK¬sepßgeTotrbs’rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI

mankmµviFIbe®gonPasaGg’eK¬sbIepßgeTotrbs’rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI ehIykmµviFITaMgGs’enHcat’Ecgeday®ksYgGb’rM viT¥asa®s∂ nigh√wkh√Wn

(Department of Education, Science and Training). kmµviFITaMgenHKWkmµviFIGk≈rkmµ nigPasaGg’eK¬ssMrab’kEn¬geFI√kar

Workplace

English Language and Literacy programme (WELL) nigkmµviFIPasa Gk≈rkmµ nigKitelx Literacy and Numeracy

Programme (LLNP) sMrab’G~kEs√grkkargareFI√

nigkmµviFIPasaGg’eK¬sCaPasaTIBIr - sMrab’G~kmkdl’fµ I New Arrivals (ESL–NA)

sMrab’ekµgEdlmanGayucUleron. edIm∫ITTYlykB&t·manbEnƒm sUmemIlenA®tg’viubsay

www.dest.gov.au


CMnYyelIkarbkE®bPasaniyay nigPasasresr

CMnYyelIkarbkE®bPasaniyayGacTTYlykVnBIkicÕbMerIbkE®bPasaniyay nigPasasresrrbs’Cati Translating and Interpreting

Service National (TIS National) tamTUrs&BÊelx 131 450 (bg’´f¬TUrs&BÊk~ ¨gtMbn’ BIkEn¬gNamYyk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s†alI). TIS National

p∂l’kicÕbMerIbkE®bPasaniyay24ema‘gk~ ¨gmYy´f© ®VMBIr´f©k~ ¨gmYyGaTit¥.

karbkE®bGtƒbTdk®sg’CaPasaGg’eK¬s≤tKit´f¬´n‰ksarpÊal’x¬ Án EdlTak’TinnwgkartaMgTIlMenAk*manp†l’pgEdr sMrab’BlrdΩ nigG~kcUl

sBaÇatiGU®s∂alIEdlmansiTiΩTTYl.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• www.immi.gov.au/living–in–australia/help–with–english/learn–english/client/translation_help.htm

Ep~kGb’rM

enAe®kamc∫ab’GU®s∂alI CaTUeTAkumar®tUvEdlmanGayucab’BI5q~aMeTAdl’15q~aM®tUveTAsalaeron k*b‘ uEn∂GayuTaMgenHGacmankarxusK~a bn∂icenAtamrdΩ

…EdndIx¬H. rdΩaPiVlp∂l’karGb’rMeday≤tKit´f¬ enAtamsalasaFarN: (sisßkan’TidΩakarbeN∂aHGasn~ Gact®mUv[bg’´f¬Q~ ÁlsalaeBj)

sisßCae®cInk*eTAeronsalaeron‰kCnEdr Edlcat’Ecgedayviharsasna (churches) nig®kumepßg@eTot k*b‘ uEn∂sisßTaMgenHt®mUv[bg’´f¬

Q~ ÁlsMrab’salaeronTaMgenH.

®bB&nΩGb’rMenAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI ebIkcMhdl’®Kb’BlrdΩTaMgGs’. ®bB&nΩenHp∂l’{kassMrab’®kummnusß®Kb’v&yTaMgGs’ ehIynigkMrit´nlTΩPaB

EdlGaceronVn. salaeronsaFarN:®Kb’e®KgedayrdΩaPiVl®bcaMrdΩ/EdndI ehIyB&t·mans∂IGMBIkarcuHeQµaHcUleronGacTTYlykVnBI®ksYg

Gb’rMrbs’ rdΩ/EdndI …salaeronenAtamsg˚at’Citxagk~ ¨gtMbn’.

mankmµviFIGb’rMf~ak’”t∂msikßaBIr®bePT: KWkmµviFIp∂l’edaysƒab&n nig”sßahkmµk~ ¨gvis&yGb’rMEp~kviCÇaCIv: nigbN∂¨¨HbN∂al

(VET) nigkmµviFIp∂l’

edaysaklviT¥al&y nigsƒab&nGb’rM”t∂msikßa. karcUleronvK�”t∂msikßaTaMgenHKWGa®s&yeTAelIl&k≈x&NδnTidΩakarbs’G~kdak’BakßsuM.

enAk~ ¨gkrNIx¬HrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIbg’elIkarcMNayPaKe®cIn´nkEn¬geronsU®tenAf~ak’”t∂msikßa (EdleKehAfa kEn¬geronsU®tp�t’p�g’edayrdΩaPiVl

shB&nΩ) (Commonwealth–supported places) eday[nisßitbg’´f¬cMNayEdlenAsl’. nisßit”t∂msikßak*Gacdak’Bak¥suMe®Kag

karviPaKTanelIkarGb’rMf~ak’”t∂msikßa Higher Education Contributory Scheme (HECS) …kmµviFI®Vk’kmÕI

sMrab’karGb’rMf~ak’”t∂sikßa

Higher Education Loan Programme (HELP) EdlGacmansMrab’nisßitcuHeQµaHcUleronenAk~ ¨gkEn¬gEdl”btƒm∏edayrdΩaPiVl

shB&nΩ. ®Vk’kmÕI

HECS–HELP nwg®KbdN†b’elI®Kb’TaMgcMnYn …Ep~kx¬H´n®Vk’viPaKTanrbs’nisßit.

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• ®ksYgGb’rM viT¥asa®s† nigh√wkh√Wn

www.dest.gov.au

• karcUleronenAsaklviT¥al&y www.goingtouni.gov.au

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

41


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI

42

b&NêbIkbrrfyn†

rdΩaPiVlrdΩnigEdndICaG~kecjb&NêbIkbr ehIytamFmµtat®mUv[G~kdak’Bak¥suM®bLgCab’ets∂elIcMeNHdwg

ets†elIkarebIkbrpÊal’ nigets†

´nkaremIleXIj. CnNam~ak’minGacebIkbredayKµanb&NêbIkbr®sbc∫ab’eLIy. G~kkan’TidΩakarmanTIlMenACaGcí ®n∂y_®tUvVnGnuBaÔat[ebIkbr

enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIsMrab’ry:eBlbIExdMbUg e®kayBIeKVnGeBaÇIjmkdl’

KW[EteKmanb&NêbIkbrbcÕ¨¨b∫n~BI®beTsepßgeTotCaPasaGg’eK¬s

(…b&NênaHVnbkE®bCap¬ Ëvkar). bnÊab’BIry:eBlenH eK®tUvmanb&NêbIkbrGU®s∂alIEdlsm®sb.

B&t·manTak’TgsMxan’@

• karKMramkMEhgdl’CIvitk~ ¨g®KabnÊan’ (GK�IP&y

b‘ UlIs LaneBT¥) TUrs&BÊ: 000

• kicÕbMerIbkE®bPasasresr nigPasaniyayrbs’Cati (TIS National) TUrs&BÊ: 131 450

• ®ksYgGen∂a®bevsn_ nigkarcUlsBaÇati (DIAC) TUrs&BÊ: 131 881

• viubsayp¬

ËvlMrbs’rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI - www.australia.gov.au

• viubsay

‘Living in Australia’ ‘karrs’enAk~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI ‘ www.immi.gov.au/living–in–australia/index.htm

• kUnesovePAENnaM ‘Beginning a Life in Australia’ ‘karcab’ep∂ImCIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI ‘

www.immi.gov.au/living–in–australia/settle–in–australia/beginning–life/index.htm


karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

rdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alIelIkTwkcit∂ya‘gx¬aMgcMeBaHBlrdΩEdlmansiTΩirs’enACaGcí

®n∂y_ [dak’Bak¥suMcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI.

kare®CIserIsedIm∫Ik¬ayCaBlrdΩGU®s∂alI bg˙aj[eXIjfaelakG~kmanPk∂IPaB

nigkarb∂Ërp†ac’pÊal’cit∂cMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI

nigBlrdΩrbs’®beTs

enH. niyay[cMeTAKWCaCMhancuge®kayk~ ¨gdMeNIrGen∂a®bevsn_ ehIynigyk®beTsGU®s∂alIeF√ICa®beTskMeNItrbs’x¬

Án.

k~ ¨gxN:EdlBlrdΩGU®s∂alITaMgGs’rs’enACaGcí ®n∂y_k~ ¨g®beTsGU®s∂alIEckrMElk{kasdUc@K~a karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alIp∂l’nUvsmaCikPaBeBj

elj ehIyCap¬ Ëvkarrbs’shKmn_GU®s∂alI. karcUlsBaÇatip∂l’nUvlTΩPaBdl’BlrdΩ[eFI√karrYmcMENkkan’Etman®bsiTiΩPaBEfmeTotdl’®beTs

GU®s∂alI edayGnuBaÔat[eKcUlrYmya‘geBjeljenAk~ ¨gdMeNIrlTiΩ®bCaFibety¥rbs’®beTs

KWedIm∫IeVHeq~at QrCaebk≈CntMNagra®s∂ nig

eFI√kark~

¨gCYrrdΩaPiVl.

sBaÇatiGU®s∂alIKWCakm¬aMg‰kPaBK~amYy EdlsƒitenAcMdYgcit†´n®bCaCatirbs’eyIg.

sBaÇatiGU®s∂alInaMmkCamYynUvsiTΩi

nigkarTTYlxus®tUv.

siTΩí

nPaBcUlCasBaÇati

BlrdΩGU®s∂alI®Kb’rUbTaMgGs’TTYlVnnUvsiTΩidUcxage®kamenHedIm∫I:

• eVHeq~atCYye®CIserIsrdΩaPiVlGU®s∂alI

• Es√grkkareVHeq~ateTAkan’rdΩsPa

• dak’Bak¥suMlixitq¬gEdnrbs’GU®s∂alI

nigcUlmkkan’®beTsGU®s∂alIedayesrI

• cuHbBaÇIkUnEdlekItenAbreTsk~

¨gPaBCaBlrdΩGU®s∂alI tamry:ÅBukm∂ayCasBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

• Es√grkCMnYykugsfluleBjeljBItMNagTUtGU®s∂alI

k~ ¨gxN:kMBugsƒitenAbreTs

• Es√grk{kaseFI√kargarmYycMnYnFM

k~ ¨gkgkm¬aMgkarBar®beTsGU®s∂alI nigkargarrdΩrbs’®beTsGU®s∂alI.

karTTYlxus®tUv

sBaÇatiGU®s∂alInaMmknUvPaBTTYlxus®tUvdUcxage®kamenH:

• eVHeq~atenAk~ ¨gkareVHeq~ate®CIserIsrdΩaPiVlshB&nΩrdΩ nigEdndI nigkareVHeq~at®bCamti *

• bMerICaKN:vinicœ&y

®bsinebImankarekaHehA[eFI√

• karBar®beTsGU®s∂alI ®bsinebIkarcaMVc’ekItmaneLIg (enAe®kamsiTiΩ

nigkarelIkElgdUcK~anwgBlrdΩGU®s†alI -BlrdΩekItenAk~ ¨g®beTs

GU®s∂alI).

*kareVHeq~at®bCamti eyageTAelIkardak’es~ Í nG~keVHeq~at eTAelIesck† Ies~ Ic∫ab’edIm∫I[mankarEkE®brdΩFmµnuBaÔ.

CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

43


CIvitrs’enAk~

¨g®beTsGU®s∂alI | karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI

44

sMrab’BlrdΩrs’enACaGcí ®n∂y_PaKe®cIn CMhandMbUgk~ ¨gkarcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alIKWkar®bLgCab’ets∂cUlsBaÇati. edIm∫Ie®tomlk≈N:sMrab’kareFI√ets†

G~k®bLgKb∫IGanesovePAp∂l’B&t·manGMBIkarcUlsBaÇati karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI (Becoming an Australian citizen) EdlGacTTYlyk

VnBIvuibsayxage®kamenH.

kalNaeK®bLgCab’ets∂ ehIykardak’Bak¥suMcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alIrbs’x¬

Án®tUvVneKTTYlyl’®BmehIy eKnwg

Vnt®mUv[eF√IscÕa®bNiFan´nkarb†

Ërp†ac’dUcxage®kamenHenAk~ ¨gBiFIcUlsBaÇatiCasaFarN:mYy:

‘From this time forward, under God,*

I pledge my loyalty to Australia and its people

Whose democratic beliefs I share,

Whose rights and liberties I respect, and

Whose laws I will uphold and obey’.

*People may choose whether or not to use the

words ‘under God’.

cab'BIeBlenHteTA enAe®kam®BHCamças' *

x∆¨¨MsUmscÕa®bNiFannUvPk∂IPaBrbs'x∆¨¨M

cMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI ehIynig®bCaCnrbs'x¬ Án

x∆M¨sUmcUlrYmcMENkelICMenO

®bCaFibety¥rbs'x¬ Án

x∆M¨sUmeKarBelIsiTiÏ

nigesrIPaBrbs'x¬ Án ehIy

x∆M¨sUm®bkan'xÇab'

ehIyeKarBtamc∫ab'rbs'x¬ Án.

*elakG~kGace®CIserIsfaetI®tUve®bI …min®tUve®bIBak¥

"enAe®kam®BHCamÕas' ".

tamc∫ab’ BlrdΩGU®s∂alImkBI®Kb’vb∫Fm· sasnaTaMgGs’GacEfrkßa®b´BNIy_ nigCMenOrbs’eKVn k~ ¨gkalkMBugrYmrYmK~aCashKmn_EtmYy.

karcUlCasBaÇatiGU®s∂alImann&yfa kareF√IscÕa®bNiFanelIPk∂IPaBrbs’elakG~kcMeBaH®beTsGU®s∂alI

eFI√karrYmK~aCamYyBlrdΩGU®s∂alI‰eTot

TaMgGs’edIm∫Isƒabna®bCaCatimYyd*rwgmaM ®bkbeday‰kPaBCati ehIynigPaBcuHs®mugnwgK~a k~ ¨geBlCamYyK~a enaHeFI√[manPaBcMrugcMerIndl’

®beTsGU®s∂alICamYynwgvb∫Fm·rbs’elakG~kpÊal’.

elakG~kGacTTYlykB&t·manbEnƒmeTots∂IGMBIrebobcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alIenAtamviubsay

Australian citizenship (karcUlsBaÇatiGU®s∂alI)

…ExßTUrs&BÊp∂l’B&t·manGMBIkarcUlsBaÇati (Citizenship Information Line).

B&t·mantamGIuneFINit

• www.citizenship.gov.au …TUrs&BÊelx 131 880

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines