Tavi 6. Savi zRvis sanapiro wylebi 1. შესავალი ... - momxmarebeli.ge

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Tavi 6. Savi zRvis sanapiro wylebi 1. შესავალი ... - momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 6. Savi zRvis sanapiro wylebireziumeTaviseburi bunebrivi pirobebis gamo Savi zRva anTropogenuri zemoqmedebisadmigansakuTrebiT mgrZnobiarea. wina saukunis 70-80-ian wlebSi zRvis ekosistemaZalze seriozulad dazianda rogorc qimiuri dabinZurebisgan, aseve cocxaliorganizmebis gadametebuli rewvisgan. 1992 wlidan zRvis mosazRvre qveynebi misdacvas cdiloben da am mcdelobaTa Sedegebi ukve saxezea – zRviseutrofikacia Semcirda, ekosistemebma aRdgena daiwyo. Tumca zRvismdgomareobis gaumjobesebisTvis gasakeTebeli jer kidev Zalze bevria.Savi zRvis saqarTvelos sanapiro wylebis dabinZurebis ZiriTad mizezsgauwmendavi Camdinare sayofacxovrebo wylebi warmoadgens. sarekreacioplajebis mimdebared wylis xarisxi ZiriTadad sanitaruli normis farglebSia,Tumca sanapiros calkeul monakveTebSi norma gadaWarbebulia. mTel sanapirozolze mimdinareobs sakanalizacio sistemebisa da sakanalizacio wylebisgamwmendi nagebobebis mSenenebloba-reabilitacia, rac saqarTvelos sanapiroszRvis wylis dabinZurebas mniSvnelovnad Seamcirebs.1. შესავალი:Savi zRva wylis unikaluri obieqtia. es aris TiTqmis Caketili zRva,romelsac msoflioSi yvelaze did wyalsemkrebi auzi gaaCnia. am auzisfarTobi 1,9 mln km 2 -s Seadgens da igi evropis kontinentis TiTqmis erTmesameds faravs. Sav zRvaSi yovelwliurad 300 km 3 mdinareebisCamonadeni Caedineba. zRvis erT-erT Taviseburebas wylis fenobrivixasiaTi warmoadgens; kerZod, 100-150 m sisqis zedapiruli fena naklebmariliania (1,8% marilianoba, SedarebisTvis okeanis marilianoba 3%Seadgens) da Sesabamisad msubuqia mis qveS mdebare wylis masaze (zRvissiRrme 2200 metria), amitom fenebis Sereva TiTqmis ar xdeba. orfenovaniaSavi zRvis xmelTasua zRvasTan SemarTebeli wyrili yelic _ bosforissrute. srutis qveda dinebiT Sav zRvaSi weliwadSi 300 km 3 xmelTaSuazRvis SedarebiT mariliani wyali Semodis, zeda dinebiT ki weliwadSi600 km 3 Savi zRvis zeda fenis naklebad mariliani wylis marmarilos daegeosis zRvebis gavliT xmelTaSua zRvaSi gaedineba.specifiurma bunebrivma pirobebma Savi zRva gamorCeuli gaxadabiomravalferovnebis TvalsazrisiT. zRva mdidaria organuli samyaroTi,romelTa Soris 150 saxeoba reliqturia, 240 ki _ endemuri. zRvaSigavrcelebulia wyalmcenareebis 350 da faunis 2000 saxeoba. TevzebidanaRsaniSnavia Savi zRvis oraguli, kolxuri zuTxi (TarTi), atlanturizuTxi, kefali, stavrida, svia, skumbria, qaSayi da sxv.saqarTvelo Sav zRvas aRmosavleTidan esazRvreba. Savi zRvis sanapirozolis sigrZe saqarTvelos farglebSi 315 km-ia. saqarTvelosteritoriuli wylebis farTobi ki 6,785 aTas km 2 Seadgens. Savi zRvamniSvnelovan rols asrulebs saqarTvelos havis CamoyalibebaSi.saxelmwifo regulireba


erToblivi monitoringis qselis Camoyalibebis Sesaxeb. am mizniT SeiqmnaSavi zRvis integrirebuli monitoringisa da Sefasebis programa.programaSi monawileobs monitoringis 120 sadguri (ix ruka 1), maT SorissaqarTvelos 5 sadguri :md. Woroxis SesarTavi, baTumi, cixisZiri-qobuleTi,md. sufsis SesarTavi da foTi (ix. ruka 6.1).ruka 6.1 Savi zRvis sanapiros sakvlevi sadgurebis ruka 2006-2009 ww.Savi zRvis saqarTvelos sanapiros am sadgurebze sinjebis aRebawarmoebs sezonurad, napiridan 1 sazRvao milis (1,85 km) daSorebiT, orsiRrmeze (5m, 20m). sinjebSi adgilze isazRvreba fizikuri parametrebi,xolo wylis qimiuri da biologiuri (fito-zooplanqtonis Semadgenlobada ricxovneba) maCveneblebis gansazRvra mimdinareobs q. baTumSi, garemoserovnuli saagentos Savi zRvis monitoringis centris garemosdabinZurebis monitoringis da wylis ekologiisa da Tevzis meurneobislaboratoriebSi, Sesabamisad. monitoringis Sedegebi yovelwliuradmiewodeba Savi zRvis komisias.saqarTvelos sanapiro wylebis monitoringisaqarTvelos sanapiro wylebis xarisxisa da adamianTajanmrTelobisTvis usafrTxoebis Sesamowmeblad aWaris sanapiroswylebSi 2007 wlidan aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis garemos dacvisada bunebrivi resursebis sammarTvelos mier xorcieldeba zRvis wylisxarisxobrivi maCveneblebis gansazRvra. am mizniT, kviraSi erTxel xdebakateriT gasvla da wylis sinjebis aReba zRvis sanapiro zolis 8wertilidan: qobuleTis centraluri plaJis mopirdapired, mwvanekoncxze, maxinjaurSi, md. barcxanis zRvasTan SesarTavTan, baTumiscentralur plaJze, sarfi-kvariaTis da gonios mimdebare zRvis


wylebidan. zRvis wylis qimiuri analizebi tardeboda sammarTveloSiarsebuli aparaturis gamoyenebiT Semdeg maCveneblebze: JangbadisSemcveloba, pH (xsnaris reaqcia), temperatura, marilianoba da Jangbadisgajerebis procenti.2010 wlidan aWaris sanapiro zolSi daiwyo agreTve wylisbaqteriologiuri parametrebis regularulad gazomvac. igi tardebaaWaris avtonomiuri respublikis garemos dacvisa da bunebriviresursebis sammarTvelosa da aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis soflismeurneobis saministros laboratorias Soris gaformebulixelSekrulebis safuZvelze.Savi zRvis garemos mdgomareobadidi wyalSemkrebi auzisa da okeanesTan SezRuduli kavSiris gamo SaviSavi zRva Zalze mgrZnobiarea anTropogenuli zegavlenis mimarT.adamianTa saqmianobis sedegad bolo aTwleulebis manZilze Savi zRvaplanetis erT-erT yvelaze degradirebul regionul zRvad iqca.Savi zRvis komisiis mier momzadebuli angariSis [1] mixedviT Savi zRvisekosistema seriozulad dazianda 1970-1980-an wlebSi, rodesac mdinareebismier zRvaSi Catanilma didi odenobiT biogenurma nivTierebebma zRviseutrofikacia gamoiwvia. gansakuTrebiT intensiurad es procesebigamoxatuli iyo zRvis Crdilo-dasavleT sanapiroebze, Tumcaeutrofikacia zRvis aRmosavleT sanapiroze, saqarTvelos sanapirowylebSic aRiniSneboda. eutrofikaciam gamoiwvia erTdros uaRresadmdidari ekosistemis degradacia, ganadgurda fskeris organizmebi,Seicvala zRvis florisa da faunis saxeobaTa Sefardeba. daeca zRvisfaunis komerciuli Rirebulebac. magaliTad, 1960 wels zRvaSidaregistrirebuli iyo Tevzis 26 sarewi saxeoba, dResdReobiT ki maTiraodenoba mxolod oTxia.199819992000


20012002200320042005200620072008


uka 6.2: qlorofilis koncentracia Sav zRvaSi 1998-2008 wlebSi, ivnisisTvis gasaSualoebuli koncentracia. wyaro: internet-portali Oceancolourhttp://marine.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Savi zRvis rogorc 1996 wlis, aseve 2009 wlis strategiuli samoqmedogegmebis mixedviT garda evtrofikaciisa, Savi zRvis garemos degradaciismizezebia wylis qimiuri dabinZureba (maT Soris navTobis CaRvrebisSedegad), zRvis faunis gadametebuli rewva da ucxo saxeobaTa SemoWrazRvaSi.1990-iani wlebis meore naxevridan biogenuri nivTierebebiT Savi zRvisdabinZureba Semcirda. Semcirda agreTve qlorofilis koncetracia zRvissanapiro wylebSi (ix. diagrama 1), rac eutrofikaciis procesisSesustebaze miuTiTebs. amis Sedgad daiwyo zRvis ekosistemis aRdgena.Tumca 2005 wels biogenur nivTierebaTa koncentracia sanapiro wylebSifonur (1960 wlis) dones jer kidev orjer aRemateboda. varaudoben, romSavi zRvis ekosistema Tavis sawyis mdgomareobas ukve ver daubrundeba [1].Tumca zRvis mosazRvre qveynebis erToblivi ZalisxmeviT SesaZlebeliamdgomareobis mniSvnelovnad gaumjobeseba da dastabilureba.saqarTvelos sanapiro wylebis mdgomareobaaWaris sanapiro wylebis monitoringis monacemebiT (ix. diagrama 2) 2007-2008 wlebSi Jangbadis Semcvelobis yvelaze maRali maCvenebelifiqsirdeboda gonio_sarfisa da mwvane koncxis wylebSi, yvelaze naklebiki ivlis-agvistos TveebSi zRvis wylebSi mdinareebis SesarTavebTan.qobuleTisa da baTumis centralur plaJebze es maCvenebeli 5.0_5.5 _ isfarglebSi iyo, rac saSualo maCveneblad iTvleba.baqteorologiuri analizebis mixedviT, baTumis centralur pliaJzenawlavis Cxirebis (koli baqteriebis) maCvenebeli saSualod 620 _ dan7000-mde meryeobda, navsadguris akvatoriaSi es maCvenebeli 2100dan 24000mde iyo, mwvane koncxis teritoriaze 2400 dan 3900_mde, sarfis plaJze230_dan 5000_mde, gonioSi 130_dan 1300_mde, qobuleTis centralur plaJze620-dan 5000_mde. warmodgenili monacebi ZiriTadad zRvrulad dasaSvebinormis farglebSia, Tumca navsadguris akvatoriis mimdebareteritoriaze (ZiriTadad md. barcxanis SesarTavTan) aRniSnuli matebagamowveuli unda yofiliyo am ubanze zRvis wylis organulidabinZurebis fonuri maCveneblebiT. analogiurad normis farglebSiiyo baqterologiuri dabinZurebis sxva maCveneblebic, xolokolifagebis, fekaluri streftokokebis, oqrosferi stafilokokebisa dapaTogenuri baqteriebis arseboba zRvis arcerT ubanze ardafiqsirebula.


012345671oqtomberi,200718oqtomberi,200725oqtomberi,200719aprili,200824aprili,20081maisi,20088maisi,20082ivnisi,200810ivnisi,200817ivnisi,20083-4ivlisi,200815ivlisi,200823ivlisi,20084agvisto,20085seqtemberi,200810seqtemberi,200816seqtemberi,200826seqtemberi200814oqtomberi,200820oqtomberi200827noemberi,2008mg/lmaxinjaurimd. barcxanis SesarTavibaTumis centraluriplaJimwvane koncxiqobuleTis centraluriplaJigoniosarfikvariaTiminimaluri dasaSvebikoncentraciadiagrama 6.1: Jangbadis Semcveloba aWaris sanapiros zRvis wyalSi (arunda iyos dasaSveb normaze naklebi).


14,00012,000iS 10,000ritl1ab 8,000oendaor 6,000isebedrj 4,000u2,000qobuleTiscentraluri plaJimaxinjaurimwvane koncxigoniosarfikvariaTimd. barcxanisSesarTavibaTumis centraluriplaJisabanao wyalSidaSvebuli raodenoba025 maisi 27 ivnisi 29 ivnisidiagrama 6.2: laqtozadadebiTi nawlavuri Cxirebis raodenoba aWarissanapiros zRvis wyalSi, 2010 wlis sabanao sezonis dasawyisi (ar undaaRematebodes daSvebul raodenobas).25,00020,000qobuleTis centraluri plaJiiSritl1 15,000abenodaorisb 10,000eedrju5,000maxinjaurimwvane koncxigoniosarfikvariaTimd. barcxanis SesarTavibaTumis centraluri plaJisabanao wyalSi daSvebuliraodenoba025 maisi 27 ivnisi 29 ivnisidiagrama 6.3: nawlavis Cxiris jgufis baqteriebis raodenoba aWarissanapiros zRvis wyalSi, 2010 wlis sabanao sezonis dasawyisi (ar undaaRematebodes dasaSveb raodenobas).


ac Seexeba biologiuri monitoringis Sedegebs, aRsaniSnavia Savi zRvisekosistemaSi mimdinare dadebiTi tendenciebi. 2006-2009 ww Savi zRvissaqarTvelos sanapiros fitoplanqtoni, 80-ian ww SedarebiT, gacilebiT ufromravalferovania da warmodgenilia wyalmcenareebis eqvsi ZiriTadi jgufiT:kaJovanebi (Bacillariophyta), dinoflagelatebi (Dinophyta), mwvane (Chlorophyta),oqrosferi (Chromophyta), lurj-mwvane (Cyanophyta) da yviTel-mwvanewyalmcenareebi (Xantophyta), maT Soris saxeobrivi da raodenobriviupiratesobiT gamoirCeva kaJovanebis (Bacillariophyta) jgufi (ix. diagrama 6.4). amsaxeobis wyalmcenareebis saxeobrivi da raodenobrivi mateba (dinofitebTanSedarebiT) zRvis ekosistemaze anTropogenuli datvirTvis SesustebazemiuTiTebs. Mmagram aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom zogierT sakvlev ubnebze(md.Woroxi, baTumi, sufsa) wlis Tbil TveebSi adgili aqvs lokalur anwertilovan eutrofikacias. am mxriv gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia md. sufsisakvatoriuli wylebi, sadac lurj-mwvane da yviTel-mwvanewyalmcenareebissakmaod maRali raodenoba aris dafiqsirebuli. agreTve aRsaniSnaviamdinareebis Woroxisa da sufsis SesarTavebSi dinoflagelatebis erT-erTifagotrofuli saxeobis Noctiluca scintillans (e.w. “zRvis naTebis”) dominireba, racaseve lokaluri eutrofikaciis maCvenebelia.Xantophyta, 5Cyanophyta, 16Chromophyta,6Chlorophyta, 23Bacillariophyta,73Dinophyta, 57diagrama 6.4: saqarTvelos Savi zRvis sanapiro zolSi fitoplanqtonisjgufebis saxeobaTa ricxvi (2006-2009ww).fitoplanqtonis saerTo ricxovneba saqarTvelos Savi zRvis sanapiro zolSiCveulebriv sezonur cvalebadobas ganicdis da gazafxulsa da zafxulSisaSualod 1400-dan 2300 mln.ujr/m 3 aRwevs, xolo Semodgomasa da zamTarSi meryeobs1000-dan 200 mln.ujr/m 3 -mde (diagrama 6.5).


diagrama 6.5: saqarTvelos Savi zRvis sanapiro zolSifitoplanqtonis jgufebis ricxovneba (2006-2009ww).rac Seexeba zooplanqtons, 2006-2009ww saqarTvelos Savi zRvis sanapiro zolSimaTi Semadgenlobac gaumjobesebis tendencias aCvenebs. kerZod, dafiqsirdazooplanqtonis 40-mde saxeoba, romelic 8 taqsonomiur tips miekuTvneba.zooplanqtonis ZiriTad biomasas poliqetebis, nematodebis, moluskebis,Tevzebisa da sxva saxeobaTa larvuli formebi qmnian. saxeobaTa simravliTgamorCeva kibosnairebis (Crustacea) da cibrutela Wiebis (Rotatoria) jgufebi(diagrama 6.6).Cirriipedia 1Apendicularia 1Chetognata 1sxva, 4Flagelata 1Ciliata 4Atentaculata 3Scyphozoa 1Rotatoria 6Crustacea 17diagrama 6.6 saqarTvelos Savi zRvis sanapiro zolSi zooplanqronisjgufebis saxeobaTa ricxvi (2006-2009 ww)aRsaniSnavia, rom bolo aTwleulebSi saqarTvelos sanapiro wylebisfaunaze mniSvnelovnad imoqmeda Savi zRvis bunebriv ekosistemebSi axali


saxeobebis SemTxveviTma introduqciam. ase, 80-ian ww Savi zRvis ekosistemaganicdida atlantikis okeanedan gemebis balasturi wylebiT Semotanili meduzasavarcxluras (Mnemiopsis leidyi, sur. 6.1) Zlier zemoqmedebas. planqtoniT mkvebavmasavarcxluram kvebiTi konkurencia gauwia sarewao Tevzebis iseT saxeobebs,rogoric aris Savi zRvis qafSia, stavrida da sxva, ris gamo maTi maragimkveTrad daeca. me-20 saukunis miwuruls ki Sav zRvaSi, isev balasturiwylebiT, Semotanili iqna meduza beroe (Beroe ovata, sur. 6.2), romelic Tavadikvebeba meduzebiT. am ukanasknelma Seaviwrova savarcxlura, riTac ganapirobaplanqtonis biomasis mateba, Tevzebis maragis zrda da Sesabamisad zRvisekosistemis wonasworobis aRdgena.sur. 6.1 meduza Mnemiopsis leidyisur 6.2 meduza Beroe ovata3. დაბინძურების მიზეზები:monitoringis Sedegad miRebuli informaciis analizis safuZvelzeSeiZleba iTqvas, rom saqarTvelos SavizRvispireTSi wylebisdabinZurebis ZiriTadi mizezebia wyalmomxmarebeli sawarmoebi(gansakuTrebiT komunaluri), sadac araa danergili Camdinare-naxmariwylebis gawmendis srulyofili teqnologiuri reJimi an araefeqturadmuSaoben wyalgamwmendi nagebobebi.ase, aWaris teritoriaze wylis dabinZurebis mizezebidan 2007 welsgamovlenili iqna sameurneo naxmari wylebis gamwmend nagebobaTaaraefeqturi muSaobis da wyalsatevebis daSvebulze maRali dabinZurebisfaqtebi. yvelaze seriozuli dambinZurebeli iyo baTumiswyalkanalizaciis adliis gamwmendi nageboba, sadac mTlianad moSliliiyo Camdinare wylebis gawmendis teqnologiuri reJimi. aRniSnuliobieqtidan dRe-RameSi zRvaSi saSualod 90 aTasi m 3 arasakmarisadgawmendili wyali Cadioda, romelSic organuli dabinZurebis maCvenebeli3,4_jer aWarbebda dasaSveb normebs. mniSvnelovani dambinZureblebadgamovlinda agreTve baTumis navTobterminali, ramdenime sastumro daavtosamrecxao, farmakologiuri sawarmo, rkinigza. yvela aRniSnulsawarmoes mieca miTiTeba mdgomareobis dauyovnebeli gamosworebisTaobaze.


4. ძირითადი გამოწვევები:Savi zRvis garemos ZiriTadi oTxi problemis: eutrofikaciis,gadametebuli rewvis, qimiuri dabinZurebisa da habitatebis degradaciisgadasaWrelad Savi zRvis 2009 wlis strategiul samoqmedo gegmaSi SavizRvis dacvis 4 grZelvadiani mizania dadgenili:• zRvis sarewi resursebis dacva mdgradi rewvis teqnologiebisdanergviT da maragebis aRdgena-reabilitaciis saSualebiT;• Savi zRvis da sanapiro zonis bio-mravalferovnebisa da habitatebisSenarCuneba da marTva. aq igulisxmeba rogorc gadaSenebis pirasmyofi saxeobebis da maTi habitatebis dacva, aseve ucxo saxeobaTaSemoWris marTva da Semcireba;• eutrofikaciis Semcireba;• adamianis janmrTelobisTvis, sarekreacio miznebisa da wylisbiotasTvis kargi xarisxis wylis uzrunvelyofa. aq igulisxmebawylis dabinZurebis Semcireba rogorc saxmeleTo, aseve sazRvaowyaroebidan.strategiuli gegmis mixedviT Savi zRvis strategiuli samoqmedo gegmisSesrulebisTvis TiToeulma mxare-qveyanam Tavis teritoriaze undadanergos:• sanapiro zonis integrirebuli marTva;• ekosistemuri midgoma;• mdinareTa auzebis integrirebuli marTva.saqarTvelo dResdReobiT am midgomaTaSesabamisi erovnuli dokumentebis SemuSavebisstadiaSi imyofeba. SemuSavebulia sanapirozonis integrirebuli marTvis strategiis daSesabamisi kanonisproeqtebi. mdinareebis auzebisintegrirebuli marTvis midgomis danergvis mizniTamJamad muSavdeba `wylis Sesaxeb~ axali kanonisproeqti. uaxloes momavalSi agreTve dagegmiliacalkeuli auzebis marTvis gegmebis SemuSaveba.aWaris Savi zRvis sanapiro zolSi, boloperiodSi gatarebuli garemosdacviTiRonisZiebebi dadebiTad aisaxeba garemosxarisxobriv maCveneblebze, rac gamoixatebaregionSi turistuli potencialis mniSvnelovansanapiro zonis integrirebuli marTvaniSnavs sanapiros teritoriis imgvarmarTvas, romelic uzrunvelyofs:• teritoriis saxmeleTo da sazRvaokomponentebis urTierTkavSirs drosada sivrceSi (e.w. “sivrculintegracias”);• sxvadasxva dainteresebuli mxareebis,ekonomikis sxvadasxva sferoebisa dadargebis urTierTdakavSirebas (e.w.“horizontalur integracias”);• marTvis sxvadasxva doneze mimdinareprocesebis urTierTkavSirs (e.w.“vertikalur integracias”).sanapiro zolis integrirebuli marTviTgaremosdacviTi, ekonomikuri,socialuri, kulturuli darekreaciuli interesebis optimaluridabalanseba miiRweva, riTac, saboloojamSi SesaZlebelia sanapiro zonismdgradi ganviTarebis uzrunvelyofa.zrdiT. aRsaniSnavia, rom baTumis saerTaSoriso aeroportSi 2007 welsdamontaJda Tanamedrove biologiuri tipis gamwmendi nageboba dadainerga Camdinare naxmari wylebis gawmendis srulyofiliteqnologiuri reJimi, riTac moispo zRvis baqteorologiuri


dabinZurebis mniSvnelovani kera. S.p.s. ,,baTfarma”-Si Catarda gamwmendinagebobis sareabilitacio samuSaoebi da gaumjobesda misi muSaobisefeqturoba, riTac Semcirda mdinare barcxanis dabinZurebis kera. S.p.s.,,baTumis navTobterminali”-s mier am kuTxiT daigegma da gatardamravali RonisZieba, moispo md. barcxanisa da zRvis navTobproduqtebiTistoriuli dabinZurebis mravali kera, riTac faqtiurad gamoiricxazRvis navTobproduqtebiT dabinZurebis faqtebi.amJamad qalaq baTumsa da qobuleTSi mimdinareobs municipaluriganviTarebis gegma-programebis ganxorcieleba da gonio-sarfiszRvispira teritoriaze lokaluri sakanalizacio magistralismSenebloba, romelic iTvaliswinebs wyalmomarageba-kanalizaciissistemebis mTlian reabilitacias, rac mniSvnelovnad Seamcirebsmunicipaluri wyalkanalizaciis sistemebidan zRvis dabinZurebas.aucilebelia momavalSic regionis zRvispira sakurorto zonisinfrastruqturis ganviTarebis gegma-programebis Sedgenisas aRikveToszRvaSi individualuri wyalCaSvebis sistemebi da maT sanacvlod moewyoslokaluri sakanalizacio trasebi, romelic aRiWurveba SesabamisisimZlavris uaxlesi teqnologiis gamwmendi nagebobebiT.garda amisa, miuxedavad imisa, rom gatarebuli RonisZiebebis SedegadzRvis dabinZureba mniSvnelovnad mcirdeba, momavali darRvevebis Tavidanasacileblad saWiroa gaZlierdes monitoringi zRvis sanapiro zolisada mTlianad zedapiruli wylebis damabinZurebel wyalmomxmarebelsawarmoebze. agreTve unda gaZlierdes saxelmwifo kontroli mciremdinareebis wyaldacviT zolebSi sareJimo moTxovnebis Sesrulebaze,sawarmoTa mxridan ki ufro srulyofili unda gaxdes TviTmonitoringissistemis ganxorcieleba. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba unda mieqcesCamdinare naxmari wylebis gawmendis mecnierulad dasabuTebuli axaliteqnologiebis danergvas.yovelive zemoT aRniSnuli RonisZiebebis gatareba mniSvnelovnadSeuwyobs xels zRvis sanapiro zolisa da mTlianad regioniszedapiruli wylebis xarisxobrivi maCveneblebis gaumjobesebas.gamoyenebuli literatura:1. State of the Environment of the Black Sea (2001-2006/7), Commission on theProtection of the Black Sea Against Pollution, 2008;2. Strategic Action Plan for the Environmental Protection and Rehabilitation of theBlack Sea, Sofia, Bulgaria, 17 April 2009

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