Tavi 15. biologiuri resursebis moxmareba - momxmarebeli.ge

momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 15. biologiuri resursebis moxmareba - momxmarebeli.ge

2005 wels Tevzis meurneobis mowyobis mizniT grZelvadiani licenziebi gaicadalis mTis, Saorisa da Jinvalis wyalsacavebze. 2009-2010 ww-Si Seiswavles 23tbisa da xelvnuri wyalsacavis iqtiofaunis mdgomareoba da ganisazRvrakonkretuli pirobebi TevzWerisaTvis da Tevzis resursebis aRwarmoebisaTvis,ris safuZvelzec TevzWeris licenziebi gaica nadarbazevisa da jandaristbebsa da walkis wyalsacavze. TevzWeris licenzirebis procesi mimdinareobssxva wyalsacavebSic.Tevzis resursebis dacvisa da aRwarmoebis xelSewyobis mizniT garemos dacvisada bunebrivi resursebis ministris brZanebiT dadgenilia garkveuli SezRudvebida akrZalvebi, rac Semdeg aspeqtebs moicavs:_ TevzWeris vadebi (Sav zRvaSi komerciuli TevzWera srulad akrZalulia 1maisidan 1 ivnisamde, xolo Sida wyalsatevebisaTvis ganisazRvrebaTiToeulisaTvis konkretulad);_ adgilebi, sadac akrZalulia TevzWera (magaliTad, TevzWera sruladikrZaleba zuTxisebrTa da oragulisebrTa samigracio mdinareebSi da maTiSesarTavebis irgvliv 500 m-is manZilze, agreTve, zRvis xuTmilian sanapirozonaSi, foTidan oCamCiremde)._ saxeobebi, romelTa mopoveba akrZalulia;_ Tevzsarewi iaraRebi da maTi teqnikuri maxasiaTeblebi;_ Tevzis mopovebis akrZaluli meTodebi;_ mosapoveblad dasaSvebi Tevzis minimaluri zoma.aRsaniSnavia, rom sportul-samoyvarulo TevzWera (TevzWera xelis ankesiT,spiningiT, sasroli da xolixa badeebiT, CoganbadiT, aseve wyalqveSa nadirobada hidorbiontebis Segroveba akvalangebisa da sxva avtonomiuri sasunTqimowyobilobebis gamoyenebis gareSe) aris ufaso da ar saWiroebs licenzias.miuxedavad mdgradi TevzWeris xelSewyobisaTvis gatarebuli zemoT aRniSnuliRonisZiebebisa, Tevzis resursebis mdgradi mopovebis uzrunvelyofisaTvismniSvnelovan problemad jer kidev rCeba ukanono TevzWeris maRali done, SidawyalsatevebSi gavrcelebuli Tevzis araadgilobrivi/invaziuri saxeobebi,monitoringis sistemis ararseboba, kvalificiuri kadrebis simwire.2. nadirobasaqarTveloSi nebadarTulia mxolod sportuli da samoyvarulo nadiroba.nadiroba daSvebulia mxolod samonadireo meurneobebSi. samonadireomeurneobebis gareT daiSveba nadiroba mxolod Semdeg gadamfren frinvelebze:mwyeri, gareuli mtredi, Cibuxa, Cveulebrivi gvriti, qedani, gviZini (gulio),tyis qaTami, ruxi bati, ruxi ixvi, Wikvara, gareuli ixvi, ixvinja, farTocxviraixvi, melota. garda aRniSnuli saxeobebisa, sanadiro saxeobebs miekuTvnebiannutria, kurdReli, maCvi, tyis kverna, qvis kverna, mgeli, tura, mela,enotiseburi ZaRli, tyis kata, gareuli Rori, Sveli, enoti, xoxobi da kakabi,romlebzec nadiroba daiSveba mxolod samonadireo meurneobebSi.saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT dadgenilia nadirobis vadebi da wesebi,gadamfren frinvelebze nadirobis dRiuri limitebi (saqarTvelos garemosdacvisa da bunebrivi resurebis ministris brZaneba `cxovelTa samyarosobieqtebis, maTi saxeobebis mixedviT mopovebis wesebis, vadebisa damopovebisaTvis daSvebuli iaraRisa da mowyobilobebis CamonaTvalis Sesaxebdebulebis damtkicebis Taobaze~ (#512, 07.12.2005)).


samonadireo meurneobebis SeqmnisaTvis `licenziebisa da nebarTvebis Sesaxeb~saqarTvelos kanonis Tanaxmad, gaicema samonadireo meurneobis specialurilicenzia. licenziis gacemis wesi da pirobebi dadgenilia saqarTvelosmTavrobis 2005 wlis 11 agvistos #132 dadgenilebiT `tyiT sargeblobislicenziis gacemis wesisa da pirobebis Sesaxeb debulebis damtkicebisTaobaze~. licenzia gaicema auqcioniT saqarTvelos ekonomikuri ganviTarebissaministros mier, romelic valdebulia licenziis gacemis sakiTxi SeaTanxmosgaremos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministrosTan. amave dadgenilebiTgansazRvrulia salicenzio pirobebi samonadireo meurneobis licenziismflobelisaTvis.samonadireo meurneobis licenziis mflobeli valdebulia yovelwliuradaRricxos teritoriaze arsebuli gareuli cxovelebi, romlis safuZvelzec,garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministros rekomendaciiT mtkicdebakonkretul samonadireo meurneobaSi sanadiro saxeobebis kvotebi.amJamad saqarTveloSi funqcionirebs sul 18 samonadireo meurneoba, romelTasaerTo farTobia 111 661 ha. nadirobis kvotebi damtkicebulia Semdegisamonadireo meurneobebisaTvis: S.p.s. `fauna~, asociacia `monkavSiri~ saCxeresmonadireTa da meTevzeTa klubi, S.p.s. `loba~ S.p.s. `ioris Walebi~, S.p.s.`miunhauzeni~ 2009-2010 ww-is sanadiro sezonisaTvis. mopovebis odenobebidamtkicebulia Semdegi saxeobebis mopovebisaTvis: enoti, mela, tura, mgeli,xoxobi, kurdReli, maCvi, kverna gareuli Rori, Sveli, kakabi. danarCenimeurneobebisaTvis kvotebi ar aris damtkicebuli. amis ZiriTadi mizezia isaa,rom licenziantebi teritoriaze arsebul cxovelTa aRricxvis masalebs anarasrulyofilad, an saerTod ar warmodgenen.cxrili ??: mopovebisaTvis daSvebuli odenobebi sanadiro saxeobebis mixedviTsaxeoba 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010mgeli (Canis lupus) 3 39kurdReli (Lepus europaeus) 81 81 249mela (Vulpes vulpes) 3 30 184tura (Canis aureus) 22 72 221maCvi (Martes meles) 2 4 65xoxobi (Phasianus colchicus) 20 80 94kakabi (Alectoris gracea) 106 119 60gareuli Rori (Sus scrofa) 60 125 157enoti (Procyon lotor)SeuzRudaviraodenobiTeqvemdebarebamTlianadamoRebaskverna (Martes martes) 84Sveli (Lapreolus lapreolus) 12gadamfren frinvelebze nadirobisaTvis saWiroa mxolod bunebrivi resursebiTsargeblobis mosakreblis gadaxda 10 laris odenobiT, agreTve _ sanadiroiaraRis tarebis damadasturebeli dokumenti. saqarTveloSi gadamfrenfrinvelebze yovelwliurad nadirobs daaxloebiT 10-12 aTasi monadire.


3. satyeo meurneobasatyeo meurneobis Sesaxeb informacia warmodgenilia moxsenebis me-18 TavSi.4. saZovrebisaqarTveloSi saTibebsa da saZovrebs uWiravs 1940,4 ha (qveynis saerTofarTobis 27,9%). saZovrebi aris saqarTvelos mTel teritoriaze zRvis donidandawyebuli 3000-3200 m-mde. mkveTrad gansxvavebul bunebriv (klimaturniadagobriv)pirobebSi arsebuli saZovrebisa da saTibebis struqtura dafunqcia gansxvavebulia. ZiriTadad miRebulia bunebrivi saTib-saZovrebisdayofa sazafxulo da zamTris saZovrebad. zamTris saZovrebi ZiriTadadwarmodgenilia kolxeTis dablobsa da ivris zeganze, zafxulis saZovrebi _maRal mTaSi, subalpur da alpur sartylebSi. saZovrebi mdidaria SinaurcxovelTa sakvebi mcenareebiT, romelTa Soris dominirebs marcvlovnebi daparkosnebi.miuxedavad imisa, rom me-20 s-is 90-iani wlebis Semdeg saqarTveloSi ZlierSemcirda pirutyvis saerTo raodenoba, kvlav mniSvnelovan problemad rCebaintensiuri Zoveba, rac ZiriTadad exeba saqarTvelos maRalmTianeTis subalpurda alpur saZovrebs da saqarTvelos samxreT-aRmosavleTis aridulekosistemebs. alpur saZovrebze mcenareulobis bunebrivi aRdgena mudmiviZovebis pirobebSi mimdinareobs, rac mniSvnelovnad abrkolebs mcenareulobisaRdgenas da aZlierebs eroziul movlenebs. adgili aqvs niadagis gamofitvas danaklebproduqtiuli fitocenozebis Camoyalibebas. stepebisa da alpurimdeloebis fitocenozuri struqtura bevrgan Zlier darRveulia, rac iwvevsbalaxnaris saxeobriv gaRaribebasa da sarevela saxeobebis gamravlebas.saqarTveloSi maRalia saZovrebis araswori eqspluataciiT saSiSi geologiurimovlenebis gamowvevis riski.saZovrebis marTvasTan dakavSirebuli ZiriTadi problemebia: sakanonmdeblo damaregulirebeli xarvezebi, saZovrebis araproporciuli ganawileba raionebismixedviT, saZovrebis stiqiuri gamoyeneba da kalendaruli vadebis ardacva,saZovrebis gaumjobesebis RonisZiebebis argatareba, subalpurimaRalbalaxovani mcenareulobisa da aq arsebuli endemuri saxeobebisdegradaciis saSiSroeba, mcenareuli safaris susti ganaxleba. xSiria saqonlisZoveba tyis ekosistemebSic, rac uaryofiTad moqmedebs tyeebis bunebriviganaxlebis procesebze.3. ZiriTadi gamowvevebibiomravalferovnebis dacvisa da biologiuri resursebis gamoyenebismaregulirebeli sakanonmdeblo baza, romelic ZiriTadad Seiqmna 1996-2003 ww-Si,saWiroebs mniSvnelovan ganaxlebas Tanamedrove samarTlebrivi moTxovnebisa daarsebuli realobebis gaTvaliswinebiT.nadirobisa da TevzWeris menejmentisa da gadaSenebis safrTxis winaSe myofisaxeobebis dacvis gaumjobesebis mizniT amJamad SemuSavebulia Semdegikanonproeqtebi:- saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti `wiTeli nusxis~ Sesaxeb;- saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti `gareuli cxovelebis Sesaxeb~;- saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti `CITES-is danarTebSi Setanili faunisa dafloris saxeobebiT sargeblobisa da vaWrobis Sesaxeb~;- saqarTvelos kanoni `genetikurad modificirebuli organizmebis Sesaxeb~.agreTve, cvlilebebisa da damatebebis proeqtebi Sesabamis kanonebSi.


miuxedavad mdgradi TevzWeris xelSewyobisaTvis gatarebuli RonisZiebebisa,kvlav mniSvnelovan problemad rCeba ukanono TevzWeris maRali done, SidawyalsatevebSi gavrcelebuli Tevzis araadgilobrivi/invaziuri saxeobebi,monitoringis sistemis ararseboba, meTevzeobis dargSi kvalificiuri kadrebissimwire. monacemTa simwire mniSvnelovnad arTulebs konkretuli RonisZiebebisdasaxvas, romelTa gatarebac aucilebelia TevzWeris mdgradi marTvisaTvis.TevzWeris seqtoris ganviTarebis erT-erTi damabrkolebeli garemoebaa Tevzisada Tevzis produqtebis sertificirebis sistemis ararseboba, rac xels uSlisaxali bazrebis aTvisebas. miuxedavad arsebuli potencialisa, saqarTveloSiZalian sustadaa ganviTarebuli akvakultura (maT Soris sazRvao).mdgradi sargeblobis uzrunvelyofisaTvis jer kidev mniSvnelovangaumjobesebas saWiroebs nadirobis seqtoris marTva. samonadireo meurneobebisumravlesobas ar gaaCnia sanadiro saxeobebis aRricxvis saTanadoSesaZleblobebi. samonadireo meurneobebis araTanabari ganawileba qveynismasStabiT, samonadireo meurneobebSi nadirobisaTvis dawesebuli maRaligadasaxadebi da is garemoeba, rom arsebuli 18 samonadireo meurneobidanamJamad nadiroba mxolod 5 maTganSi daiSveba, warmoadgens ukanono nadirobisxelSewyobis erT-erT pirobas. nadirobis marTvis gaumjobesebis mizniTmiRebul iqna samonadireo meurneobebis marTvis gegmis Sedgenisa dadamtkicebis wesi, romlis Tanaxmadac, samonadireo meurneobebis mflobelebma2010 wlis ivlisamde unda warmoadginon ganaxlebuli marTvis gegmebi. momzadda,agreTve, samonadireo meurneobebSi cxovelTa aRricxvisa da mopovebis kvotebisdadgenis wesis proeqti, Setanil iqna cvlilebebi nadirobis wesebSi, agreTve,samonadireo meurneobebis salicenzio pirobebSi. FAO-sa da GTZ-TanTanamSromlobiT 2008-2009 ww-Si Catarda nadirobis seqtoris sabaziso kvlevada momzadda strategia seqtoris reformisaTvis.saZovrebis mdgomareobis gaumjobesebisaTvis aucilebelia maTi inventarizaciada srulyofili monacemTa bazis Seqmna, romelsac unda daeyrdnos saZorvebismarTvis gegmebi. unda moxdes arsebuli normatiuli bazis Semdgomi ganviTareba.daculi unda iqnes Zovebis kalendaruli vadebi, gamoyenebuli unda iyossaZovrebis brunva da nakeTmorigeobiTi Zoveba. ukve degradirebul saZovrebzesaWiroa aikrZalos saqonlis Zoveba da gatardes aRdgeniTi RonisZiebebi.

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