Tavi 15. biologiuri resursebis moxmareba - momxmarebeli.ge

momxmarebeli.ge

Tavi 15. biologiuri resursebis moxmareba - momxmarebeli.ge

3. satyeo meurneobasatyeo meurneobis Sesaxeb informacia warmodgenilia moxsenebis me-18 TavSi.4. saZovrebisaqarTveloSi saTibebsa da saZovrebs uWiravs 1940,4 ha (qveynis saerTofarTobis 27,9%). saZovrebi aris saqarTvelos mTel teritoriaze zRvis donidandawyebuli 3000-3200 m-mde. mkveTrad gansxvavebul bunebriv (klimaturniadagobriv)pirobebSi arsebuli saZovrebisa da saTibebis struqtura dafunqcia gansxvavebulia. ZiriTadad miRebulia bunebrivi saTib-saZovrebisdayofa sazafxulo da zamTris saZovrebad. zamTris saZovrebi ZiriTadadwarmodgenilia kolxeTis dablobsa da ivris zeganze, zafxulis saZovrebi _maRal mTaSi, subalpur da alpur sartylebSi. saZovrebi mdidaria SinaurcxovelTa sakvebi mcenareebiT, romelTa Soris dominirebs marcvlovnebi daparkosnebi.miuxedavad imisa, rom me-20 s-is 90-iani wlebis Semdeg saqarTveloSi ZlierSemcirda pirutyvis saerTo raodenoba, kvlav mniSvnelovan problemad rCebaintensiuri Zoveba, rac ZiriTadad exeba saqarTvelos maRalmTianeTis subalpurda alpur saZovrebs da saqarTvelos samxreT-aRmosavleTis aridulekosistemebs. alpur saZovrebze mcenareulobis bunebrivi aRdgena mudmiviZovebis pirobebSi mimdinareobs, rac mniSvnelovnad abrkolebs mcenareulobisaRdgenas da aZlierebs eroziul movlenebs. adgili aqvs niadagis gamofitvas danaklebproduqtiuli fitocenozebis Camoyalibebas. stepebisa da alpurimdeloebis fitocenozuri struqtura bevrgan Zlier darRveulia, rac iwvevsbalaxnaris saxeobriv gaRaribebasa da sarevela saxeobebis gamravlebas.saqarTveloSi maRalia saZovrebis araswori eqspluataciiT saSiSi geologiurimovlenebis gamowvevis riski.saZovrebis marTvasTan dakavSirebuli ZiriTadi problemebia: sakanonmdeblo damaregulirebeli xarvezebi, saZovrebis araproporciuli ganawileba raionebismixedviT, saZovrebis stiqiuri gamoyeneba da kalendaruli vadebis ardacva,saZovrebis gaumjobesebis RonisZiebebis argatareba, subalpurimaRalbalaxovani mcenareulobisa da aq arsebuli endemuri saxeobebisdegradaciis saSiSroeba, mcenareuli safaris susti ganaxleba. xSiria saqonlisZoveba tyis ekosistemebSic, rac uaryofiTad moqmedebs tyeebis bunebriviganaxlebis procesebze.3. ZiriTadi gamowvevebibiomravalferovnebis dacvisa da biologiuri resursebis gamoyenebismaregulirebeli sakanonmdeblo baza, romelic ZiriTadad Seiqmna 1996-2003 ww-Si,saWiroebs mniSvnelovan ganaxlebas Tanamedrove samarTlebrivi moTxovnebisa daarsebuli realobebis gaTvaliswinebiT.nadirobisa da TevzWeris menejmentisa da gadaSenebis safrTxis winaSe myofisaxeobebis dacvis gaumjobesebis mizniT amJamad SemuSavebulia Semdegikanonproeqtebi:- saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti `wiTeli nusxis~ Sesaxeb;- saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti `gareuli cxovelebis Sesaxeb~;- saqarTvelos kanonis proeqti `CITES-is danarTebSi Setanili faunisa dafloris saxeobebiT sargeblobisa da vaWrobis Sesaxeb~;- saqarTvelos kanoni `genetikurad modificirebuli organizmebis Sesaxeb~.agreTve, cvlilebebisa da damatebebis proeqtebi Sesabamis kanonebSi.

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