27-11-2019

tbtbangla

wednesday

Dhaka: November 27, 2019; agrahyan 12, 1426 BS;Rabi-ul awal 29,1441 hijri

www.thebangladeshtoday.com; www.bangladeshtoday.net

Regd.No.Da~2065, Vol.17; No.296; 20 Pages~Tk.8.00

Shut illegal

brick kilns in

15 days

Staff CorreSpondent :

The High Court on Tuesday

ordered the authorities concerned to

shut down all the illegal brick kilns in

Dhaka and its surrounding areas-

Narayanganj, Munshiganj, Gazipur

and Manikganj-within 15 days to

reduce air pollution in the capital city.

The HC bench of Justice FRM

Nazmul Ahsan and Justice KM

Kamrul Kader passed the order and

asked the authorities to conduct

mobile courts, if necessary.

The High Court also ordered the

government to form a high-powered

committee, headed by the environment

secretary, to identify the causes

of air pollution and formulate a

guideline for reducing it in capital

Dhaka and submit a report within 30

days.

The court also fixed January 5 as

the next date for hearing this case.

Advocate Manzil Morshed stood

for the writ petitioner while Deputy

Attorney General Barrister Abdullah

Al Mahmud Bashar represented the

state.

According to a report of the World

Bank and the Department of

Environment (DoE) on air pollution

in Dhaka, the number one reason of

air pollution is brick kilns. Besides, a

report by a Norwegian specialist also

mentioned 52 percent of the air pollution

in the capital city is caused by

brick kilns, Bashar told reporters.

Zohr

05:03 AM

11:50 PM

03:35 PM

05:15 PM

06:35 PM

6:21 5:11

The writ petition was filed by

Human Rights and Peace for

Bangladesh (HRPB) on January 27

attaching different reports published

in media on air pollution in Dhaka.

On January 28, the High Court

ordered the DoE to conduct mobile

court drives twice a week to take legal

action against those responsible for

air pollution in the capital.

The mayors of the two city corporations,

executive officers and the DoE

director general was asked to submit

a report within two weeks on implementation

of the court order.

The court also issued a rule asking

the government

to explain as to

why the inactiveness

of the

local administration

to prevent

air pollution

should not

be declared illegal

and why the authorities concerned

should not be directed to take

effective measures to prevent air pollution

in the capital.

THE HAGUE : Myanmar is in

breach of a global convention banning

chemical weapons and may

have a stockpile left over from the

1980s, the United States said on

Monday.

The southeast Asian nation may

still have weapons at a "historic"

facility where mustard gas was

produced, a senior State

Department official told the annual

meeting of the Organisation for

the Prohibition of Chemical

Weapons.

Myanmar officially joined the

Chemical Weapons Convention

(CWC), which bans the production,

storage and use of chemical

arms, in 2015.

"The US has serious concerns

that a chemical weapons stockpile

may remain at Myanmar's historical

chemical weapons facility,"

Thomas DiNanno, Deputy

Assistant Secretary of State, told

the OPCW in The Hague.

Washington had information

dhaka ranks

worst again

in air Quality

Index

DHAKA : Bangladesh's capital city

ranked the worst again in Air Quality

Index (AQI) onTuesday morning.

Dhaka had a score of 242at 8am,

which means the air quality was 'very

unhealthy', reports UNB.

India's Kolkata, Pakistan's Lahore

and Mongolia's Ulaanbaatar occupiedthe

next three slots with scores of

211, 198 and 198 respectively.

When the AQI value is between 201

and 300, every city dweller may begin

to experience health effects.

Children, adults, and people with respiratory

diseases are advised to avoid

outdoor activities while everyone else is

suggested to limit outdoor exertion in

this situation.

The air quality is categorised as good

when the AQI score remains below 50.

The air is classified as moderate when

the score is 51-100. But when the number

is between 101 and 150, the air is

classified as unhealthy for sensitive

groups.

The AQI, an index for reporting daily

air quality, tells people how clean or

polluted the air of a certain city is, and

what associated health effects might be

a concern for them.

Bangladesh's overcrowded capital

has been grappling with air pollution

for a long time. The quality usually

improves during monsoon.

Myanmar may have

chemical weapons

stockpile: US

that Myanmar "had a chemical

weapons programme in the 1980s

that included a sulphur mustard

development programme and

chemical weapons production

facility", he added.

"Based on available information,

the United States certifies that

Myanmar is in non-compliance

with the CWC, due to its failure to

declare its past chemical weapons

programme and to destroy its

chemical weapons facility."

Myanmar has previously faced

accusations of storing and using

such weapons.

In 2013, a parliamentary report

said police had used phosphorus

the previous year against protesters

at a copper mine in the north

of the country, causing severe

burns.

In July 2014, five journalists

from Myanmar were sentenced to

10 years in prison with hard

labour over an article accusing

the military of producing chemical

arms.

Water extraction in 4 Ctg villages restricted

DHAKA : The High Court here on Tuesday imposed a restriction

on extracting underground water in four villages in Patiya

upazila of Chattogram and directed the authorities concerned to

take steps to ensure uninterrupted supply of drinking water to the

villages, reports UNB.

The four villages are - Charkanai, Hulain, Pachuria and

Habilasdwip. The HC bench of Justice Tariq ul Hakim and

Justice Md Suhrawardi passed the order after final hearing of a

rule. HC also directed the Water Resources Ministry to take decision

within three months whether the four villages would be

declared as water crisis-prone areas.

Advocate Syeda RizwanaHasan stood for the writ petitioner

while Deputy Attorney General Kazi Mainul Hasan represented

the government.

Syeda Rizwana said over 30,000 people of the four villages

have been facing immense sufferings as they are not getting water

from 300 tube wells due to underground water extraction by

industries in the area.


NEWS WEDNESDAY,

2

NOVEMbER 27, 2019

An advocacy meeting of 'Aloy Alo' project was held at brac learning center in Sreemangal upazila on

Monday. Moulvibazar Additional Deputy Commissioner (General) Mallika Dey was present as the chief

guest at the occasion while the meeting was chaired by Country Director of Educor Johnny M. Sarkar.

Among others, Sreemangal Upazila Nirbahi Officer Nazrul Islam, Moulvibazar District Primary Education

Officer Mosaddek Hossain, Head of Operations of Educo bangladesh Ranjan JP Rosario, Project Officer of

'Aloy Alo' Shariful Alam were also present at the occasion.

Photo: Syed Sayed Ahmed

Ecnec clears six projects

involving Tk 7,312 cr

DHAKA : The Executive Committee of

the National Economic Council (Ecnec)

on Tuesday approved six projects

involving Tk 7,312 crore, including a Tk

5,950-crore scheme to expand Dhaka

and Western Zone Transmission Grid

to different upazilas in 17 districts of

Dhaka, Khulna and Barishal divisions.

The approval came from the weekly

Ecnec meeting held at NEC conference

room with Ecnec Chairperson and

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in the

chair, reports UNB.

"Today's Ecnec meeting cleared six

projects involving Tk 7,312.55 crore,"

said Planning Minister MA Mannan

while briefing reporters after the

meeting.

Of the total cost, Tk 2,778.56 crore

will come from government fund,

while Tk 321.69 crore from the own

fund of organisation concerned

(PGCB) and Tk 4,212.30 crore from

foreign sources as project loan, he said.

Among the approved projects, five

are new and one is a revised one, which

is Construction of Link Road from

Natore Road (RUET) to Rajshahi

Bypass (2nd revised) involving TK

206.64 crore.

According to the Planning

Commission factsheet, the Dhaka and

Western Zone Transmission Grid

Expansion Project will be

implemented by June 2024 for

meeting the growing electricity

demand through enhancing capacity

and strengthening the existing

transmission infrastructure.

Power Grid Company of Bangladesh

(PGCB) will implement the project

with an estimated cost of Tk 5949.95

crore in different upazilas of 17 districts

- Dhaka, Faridpur, Madaripur,

Gazipur, Narayanganj, Gopalganj,

Pirojpur, Bhola, Jhalakathi,

Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Jashore, Khulna,

Kushtia, Meherpur and Satkhira.

ILO to help

enhance work

atmosphere:

Anisul

DHAKA : Law Minister

Anisul Huq on Tuesday said

the International Labour

Organization (ILO) has

assured Bangladesh of

providing all-out cooperation

in enhancing the work

atmosphere here.

He came up with the

information while talking to

reporters after a meeting with

ILO Country Director for

Bangladesh Tuomo

Poutiainen at the Secretariat,

reports UNB.

The issue of strengthening

the existing friendly relations

with the ILO, which is going

to celebrate its centenary of

the founding this year, came

up for discussion at the

meeting, the minister said.

Replying to a query, he said

they need all kinds of

assistance from the ILO.

"We've discussed about its

support and cooperation to

materialise our goal to

achieve a standard ensuring

workers' rights."

They will also talk to the

Labour and Employment

Ministry in this regard,

Anisul said. Talking to

reporters, the ILO country

director said his organisation

has been working for the

economic development of

Bangladesh and protecting

workers. He said the ILO will

work with the law and labour

ministries and others

concerned to implement the

Labour Act and enhance

workers' skills.

A preparatory meeting to observe the Victory Day on December 16 was

held at the initiative of Gopalganj upazila administration at the upazila

conference room on Tuesday. Upazila Parishad Chairman Advocate Iqbal

Ahmed Chowdhury addressed the occasion as the chief guest while Upazila

Nirbahi Officer Mamunur Rahman chaired the occasion. Among others,

Upazila Assistant Commissioner (Land) Shabnam Sharmin, Sylhet district

Awami League leader Syed Misbah Uddin, Upazila Vice Chairman Mansur

Ahmed and Upazila Agriculture Extension Officer Khairul Amin were also

present at the occasion.

Photo: S M Nazrul Islam

bNP doesn't seek permission, only

informs authorities: Fakhrul

THAKURGAON : BNP secretary general

Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir on Tuesday

said his party does not seek permission to

hold meetings but just informs the

authorities, reports UNB.

"They (Awami League) think themselves

as masters-they're the masters of the state.

This has become their problem and they

want to keep everything under their control,"

he said while responding to a question from

reporters at his residence in Thakurgaon.

Awami League even wants to control how

a political party will run its affairs though the

constitution has guaranteed the right of all

political parties to stage protest and hold

meetings, he added.

Citing Awami League general secretary

Obaidul Quader's statement that BNP does

not have the courage or strength to hold

meetings without seeking permission,

Fakhrul said Obaidul Quader is suffering

from "mental disorder".

The BNP secretary general said permission

is required from Public Works Department

(PWD) to hold meetings at Suhrawardy

Udyan and from the police to do that on any

street.

"The government comes up with one

excuse or another for giving permission and

gives its consent at the last minute. Then it

becomes very difficult to successfully hold

any meeting," he said.

GD-1608/19 (12 x 4)

GD-1607/19 (12 x 4)


wednesdAY

november 27, 2019

3


WedneSdAY

4

novemBer 27, 2019

Is ADR really just an empty promise?

Sarker Afif & Habib Baher Arif

Alternative Dispute Resolution

(ADR) is an umbrella term used

to refer to different methods for

settling disputes instead of going to the

Court and take part in regular trial

proceedings. ADR generally refers to

three forms of dispute resolution

process namely- Arbitration,

Medication & Negotiation.In

Bangladesh informal dispute

resolution process -Shalish has been in

practice in the rural areas for a very

long time. However, it is only in the

recent past that formal ADR is taking

place more than before in commercial,

family, international trade, maritime

and civil disputes. ADR is said to be

(indeed expected to be) more cost

effective, time saving and flexible. But,

is it so in reality? How far we have come

in terms of resorting our disputes to

ADR and getting the cherished and

expected benefits of ADR?

At presentnearlyfour million cases

are pending in Bangladesh'shighest

and subordinate courts and it is likely

to reach a staggering number of five

million by 2020. Which means that the

citizens are in a terrible uncertainty

when trying to redress their grievances.

Although ADR processes are

i n d e p e n d e n t

from the Court

s y s t e m , t h e r e

exists provisions

of Court

supervised ADR

such as provided

in-section 89(A-

E) ofthe Code of

the Civil

Procedure,1908 (as amended up-todate),

which makes ADR efforts now

mandatory in civil litigation.Some

other laws likeArtharinAdalatAin,

Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961,

The Labour Act, 2006 and Family

Courts Ordinance 1985 also have

specific provisions for

ADR.Notwithstanding the fact that

there are laws for application of ADR,

the casebacklog still seems to remain as

worse as it was.

Why is that? Reasons behind this

situation are manifold and factors are

complex, one of the most crucial

reasons is the lack of awareness and

interest from the disputants as well as

the lawyers. There are allegations that a

significant number of lawyers do not

insist their clients to negotiate or

mediate and settle their dispute outside

the courtroom rather advisesfor

continuation of the proceedings or (if

no proceedings have been commenced)

to go for redressing the grievances

through formal legal proceedings.

Despite having a provision for

mandatory mediation there has not yet

been a significant reduction in the

number of cases pending due to this

reason. Parties do not know why they

should attempt mediation before

litigation neither the lawyers push

them to settle to save significant cost

and time.

Most vital aspect of ADR is perhaps

the amount of time it should take to

finish adjudicating a dispute, which

seems to be unclear to the parties to a

dispute. Hence they do not opt for ADR

in the first stage. If both parties to

dispute are co-operating then ADR is

likely to take one third of the time of

litigation, which is really a crucial

aspect and answers the question-why

people should consider ADR and not go

to Court for their desired remedy.

Bangladesh International Arbitration

Centre (BIAC) has been operating

commercial ADR since 2011 in

Bangladesh, and has been one of the

contributors for promoting ADR in

Bangladesh. Some local and

internationalNGO's such as-

Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services

Trust (BLAST), Ain o ShalishKendro

(ASK) havebeen actively trying to

resolve disputes (mainly

family/domestic and small civil

nature)outside the Courts and promote

ADR,but not so much could be done to

actually help the overpowering

cramming of cases that exists except for

matters relating to family law.

In 2018, Turkey enacted a law for

mandatory mediation for labour

disputes, since such claims make a

large part of civil disputes in Turkey.

Despite receiving criticism at the

beginning and also being challenged in

the Turkish Constitutional Court, the

result of this has proved how effective it

has been. The Turkish Ministry of

Justice Mediation Division reports that

67% of 297,147 cases that were

assigned to mediators have been settled

so far. According to the Turkish

Ministry of Justice the number of

employment cases filed in courts in

2018 has dropped by 70% in

comparison to the same period in 2017.

These numbers are evident that

mandatory mediation has proved as an

effective alternative to reach settlement

while providing a filter for the legal

system to reduce the number of cases

going to courts. In Bangladesh

although the provision of mandatory

mediation is in play for civil disputes,

the results are not astounding

unfortunately as in some cases the

lawyers and in a good number of cases

parties do not seem to be willing for out

of court settlement and, moreover, it is

not governed strictly like Turkey and

many other common law countries. It

is only for commercial agreements with

an arbitration clause the Parties are

bound to refer the matter to

arbitration.Generally, there is no

sanction imposed for not attending the

mediation sessions, which is also a

contributory factor for the litigants to

avoid mandatory mediation. The newly

enacted law in this arena: The

Arbitration Act, 2001 has been playing

a pivotal role in settling some disputes

out of court, but the system is still time

consuming and cost burdened. This

law has ousted the jurisdiction of civil

courts (sections 7 and 10 in the Act) in

matters where parties have agreed vide

an arbitration agreement or an

arbitration clause in the substantive

agreement to invoke arbitration in the

event of dispute between the parties.

This is being followed in real estate

businesses, BGMEA-BAFFA-FBCCI-

REHAB affairs. Although there is a

provision for arbitration in the

Companies Act, 1994, the listed

companies are not seen to be willing to

invoke that due to lack of awareness.

The Bangladesh Government has

been working with different

organizations that promotes ADR such

as- BIAC. Recently the Minister for

Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs

AnisulHuq stated that the government

has decided in principle to incorporate

appropriate clauses for arbitration and

mediation in all of its contracts. Yet, the

current public procurement laws

provide a scope for out of court

settlement of the disputes relating to

the procurement contracts. This is not

working comfortably, as there are

allegations that the agencies are not

settling the disputes expeditiously and

justly. Well, the minister's

announcement is indisputably a step

forward to reduce redress and ensure

access to justice. But then again the

question remains is what about the

existing cases that are pending? Maybe

the answer lies with a reformed

ADRprocess.

For establishing a reign of rule of law,

easing the path of access to justice and

cutting down delays in legal

proceedings we need more ADR

institutions like BIAC for early disposal

of grievances. Moreover, in Bangladesh

the ADR is not yet truly functional due

to lack of institutionalization of the

whole process. A statutory body like an

ADR Commission needs to be

integrated for monitoring ADR

processes, which will help make ADR

more effective and successful. A

fundamental issue that makes the

monies and time spent on Arbitration

useless is that the awards can be

challenged (although on limited

grounds) in the Courts. Once the Court

admits the application for setting aside

an award the litigants are eventually

starting along-term court procedure,

which they wanted to avoid in the first

place. Which means that the cost of

litigation could not be avoided on its

entirety. Moreover, there remains the

difficulty of s.12 of the Arbitration Act

2001, which makes the appointment of

arbitrators a lengthy process in case of

disagreement.Thus to make the whole

process of ADR meaningful a separate

Court is neededwherematters that

originates from ADRwill be heard.

Most importantly,benefits and

methods of ADR needs to be promoted

to the young law students, practising

lawyers and judges by conducting

regular training sessions.

The lawyers must remember that

ADR shall be the first choice of dispute

resolution and not the last.

The economic development of the

country will be guaranteed if prelitigation

mediation and arbitration is

ensured, there is a guarantee that there

will be lesser disputes which will end up

in Courts and that will result in the

reduction of the backlog of cases.

The writers are Advocate of

Supreme Court of Bangladesh,

Barrister at Law, Associate of J U

Sarker & Associates and Trainee

Associate of Jurist's Consortium

Arup Barua

Globally, corruption is a common

problem - goes beyond national

boundary, hinders development

in multifarious ways, and ultimately

individuals and societies have to pay its

associated costs. Prevalence and

magnitude of corruption greatly varies

from society to society and country to

country. In relation to a country's

economic status, high-income

countries have lesser degree of

corruption; on the contrary many lowincome

countries have a rampant

presence of corruption in most of the

sectors. Mauro (1997) argues, in lowincome

countries - corruption and

economic growth have a negative

relationship, while corruption distorts

economic performances and

institutional systems of the country and

it creates a 'cyclical development trap'.

Fighting corruption has gained a

global attention, with the increased

promotion of 'good governance' by

international organizations,

particularly in the era of post-

Washington consensus. For instance,

Agenda 2030 specifies a target, 16.5

"substantially reduce corruption and

bribery in all their forms" in the

sustainable development goals (SDGs).

In goal 16 and its target 16.5, there are

two indicators (16.5.1 and 16.5.2) to

measure corruption, specifically

bribery. However, a complex web of

patron-client bureaucratic practices

and 'prebendal politics' - which have a

robust in(formal) institutional

foundation and socio-political

acceptance, would be not reflected in

such global development goals, targets

and indicators; while definition of

'corruption' is not clearly demarcated.

Although a wide number of

organizations including international

and civil society organizations have

been created and patronized to advance

anti-corruption movements, but global

community has failed to reach a

consensus on the operational definition

of 'corruption', to be adopted at the

global level. Till now, there is no

globally accepted definition of

corruption; consequently the

approaches to assess and measure

corruption are quite heterogeneous.

This article aims to outline the

challenges of defining 'corruption' and

its measurement, and focuses on the

most used corruption measurement,

corruption perception index (CPI) by

Transparency International, associated

academic debates.

Corruption is a contested concept; it

doesn't have any globally accepted

definition. Although several

international organizations have

adopted their own definitions, but

those definitions are neither value-free

and nor exempted from certain

shortcomings. Since the practice of

corruption at a societal level is so

pervasive and its perception is

wavering; therefore, at theoretical level,

it is a scholarly challenging endeavour

to bring all dimensions of corruption in

a single definition.

Rose-Ackerman (2004, 1) outlines of

the most common definitions of

corruption - which presents the kernel

Intellectual impasse or lack of

global political commitment

Challenges of dealing with corruption are a global phenomenon.

debate of defining corruption: "

'Corruption' is a term whose meaning

shifts with the speaker. . . . I use the

common definition of corruption as the

"misuse of public power for private or

political gain," recognizing that

"misuse" must be defined in terms of

some standard"

Uslaner (2008) posits some

questions about the acceptability of

corruption standard and that is

divergent from society to society: "Does

corruption depend upon the standards

of a given society - or a group of

citizens?"

Following, Nye (1967) defines

individual corruption as gaining private

profit due to abuse of public authority

which is difficult to track and measure.

Furthermore, Nye argues that

corruption as a form of distributing

public resources unfairly and

differentiated treatment contrast with

the modern administrative norm of

ethical universalism- everyone should

be treated equally. Mungiu-Pippidi

(2016) presents that due to informal

and hidden nature of corruption, it is

an unobservable event.

Transparency International (TI)

being the global advocate of anticorruption

and transparency in public

offices, define corruption as "the abuse

of entrusted power for private gain". It

classifies corruption into petty

corruption, grand corruption and

political corruption. TI is the first

organization which invites global

attention in dealing with corruption

through the annual Corruption

Photo: Collected

Perception Index (CPI). TI has been

publishing CPI yearly since 1995.

TI's CPI is a composite index which

uses various corruption indicators. CPI

ranks different countries on a one to ten

scale; whereas a score of one represents

very high corruption and a score of ten

means very low corruption or lack of

corruption. Since each data source

about the corruption level uses a

different scale, the scores are to be

standardized before being averaged

into the CPI. Following

standardization, each source gets equal

weight in the index. These indexes are a

practical tool to put examined countries

into order, which are based on a scale of

perceived corruption.

Generally, it is the simple mean of the

adopted sources which are

standardized. In practice, most of the

component indicators only rate

corruption for a sub-set of the countries

included in the CPI. The number of

countries in CPI is not the same in

every year as well as the number of

sources adopted in the index varies

from year to year. Like many other

indexes used in global governance and

development, TI's CPI is also

questioned on number of issues.

Despite its global wide use, it contains

certain technical concerns to be

addressed.

Thompson and Shah (2005) in

"Transparency International's

Corruption Perceptions Index: Whose

Perceptions Are They Anyway?" raised

a set of questions which reflect a serious

limitations of CPI: a. what is being

measured? ; b. whose perceptions are

they anyway?; c. difficulty with

technical issues

It has been said that as corruption as

a broad concept, despite accurate

corruption ratings, it is quite fuzzy what

does corruption rating present.

The objective of the CPI, as per TI is

"enhancing understanding of levels of

corruption from one country to

another" through data on perceptions

of corruption. Concerns are emerged

while there are manifold aspects of

corruption and each sort of corruption

might create distinguished problem -

which is difficult to measure

simultaneously. The 'degree of

corruption' might be used to express

the frequency of corrupt events or acts,

amount of bribe taken or paid. Gallup

International Survey information, used

in CPI several times, shows the number

of corrupt acts. Further, World Bank

Private Sector Survey and Global

Competitiveness Report capture the

issue of the amount of bribe paid. In

addition, World Bank Private Sector

Survey and the Asian Intelligence Issue

inquire about the damage caused by

corruption. As a result, it becomes

confusing what does CPI measure in

year to year calculation.

Following, CPI greatly hinges upon

'expert assessments' of corruption,

which represent only a small group of

experts -mostly non-native experts and

their selection with this exercise is

questionable. In the domain of

corruption, it is quite painstaking to

comment on a country's corruption

status while the corruption areas are

highly dynamic and inbuilt in the

internal process. In most cases, all

experts may not have appropriate and

detailed understanding about those

countries corruption at the ground

level. Moreover, experts could be

biased to particular country or political

groups in providing their assessment

and it is not always feasible to verify

this steps.

In relation to technical concerns,

there prevails a set of technical

problems while validating CPI, as

identified by Thompson and Shah

(2005). These include i. Standard

errors; ii. Standardization procedure;

iii. Bias; iv. Problems of using

corruption as a time series; v.

Econometric problems due to

measurement error; vi. Technical

complexities in the component

indicators. It has been argued quite

frequently that CPI has long standard

errors which affect the precision of the

indicators. Furthermore, the

standardization procedure also has

faults as the ranking scaling used are

not the same and all rankings are not

available for all countries.

Promoting anti-corruption

movement has not been a harmonious

endeavor. Harrison (2007) shares that

Fredrik Galtung, one of the founding

fathers of TI as well great critique of

CPI methodology, who has left TI to led

new anti-corruption network, Tiri.

Harrison cites Galtung (2005) that CPI

has several severe failings which

include TI's reliance on an imprecise,

yet narrow, definition of corruption,

much focuses only on the takers aspect

and not the givers, and extracts its

information from often ignorant

sources. In a response to Galtung's

criticism, TI later introduced Global

Corruption Barometer and Briber

Payer's Index to accommodate more

realistic perspective into corruption

indicators.

Working on corruption issues,

particularly in anti-corruption

movement is completely taxing - while

no universally accepted definition of

'corruption' has been devised. For an

international organization like TI, it is

far more burdensome to promote an

accepted definition of corruption and

its measurement around the world.

Since many of the societies and

countries have morally accepted the

'normalization' of corruption and its

pervasive practice in almost every

sector. Although the UN Convention

against Corruption (UNCAC) 2003

promotes preventive measures to

criminalize and halt corruption globally

- which is considered as a global

commitment towards fighting

corruption, but in the UNCAC, no

definition of corruption has been

outlined. As a result, the crisis of an

operational definition of 'corruption'

still continues. Until any well-accepted

and structured definition of

'corruption' is established - along with a

succinct global political commitment,

and national strategies are adopted, it

would not be a pragmatic exercise to

build on 'SMART' indicators for

measuring corruption across nation

and worldwide, too.

The author is a young

development professional, and

an Erasmus Scholar pursuing

graduate studies in global public

policy in the universities of

Europe. He can be reached at

Barua_arup@spp.ceu.edu


INTERNATIONAL 5

wEdNESdAY, NovEmBEr 27, 2019

At least two militants were killed Tuesday in an overnight fierce gunfight with government forces in

restive Indian-controlled Kashmir.

Photo : AP

Government forces kill 2 militants

in Kashmir gunfight

At least two militants were killed Tuesday in an overnight

fierce gunfight with government forces in restive Indiancontrolled

Kashmir, police said, reports UNB.

The gunfight erupted at village Patchhara in Pulwama

district, about 42 km south of Srinagar city, the summer

capital of Indian-controlled Kashmir.

"Last evening a gunfight triggered here between

militants and army, which continued throughout the

night. So far two militants have been killed in the standoff,"

a police official posted in Pulwama said. "The

gunfight began after an army contingent cordoned off the

area on specific intelligence information suggesting the

presence of militants."

According to police, while the cordon was underway in

the area, the army came under fire, which they retaliated

and the exchange between two sides went on for several

hours. "No sooner the gunfight triggered additional

reinforcement of police was rushed to the spot," the police

official said. "The searches in the area are underway."

Indian army or police have not suffered any damage in

the gunfight, police said.

UN chief welcomes

political progress in

Bolivia

UN Secretary-General

Antonio Guterres on

Monday welcomed the

latest

positive

developments toward a

peaceful and democratic

solution to the crisis in

Bolivia, reports UNB.

Guterres welcomed the

adoption of legislation over

the weekend to establish a

new Supreme Electoral

Tribunal that will call for

the holding of general

elections at the earliest

possible opportunity, said

Stephane Dujarric, the

spokesman for the UN

Chief, in a statement.

The United Nations will

be ready to provide

support as appropriate,

said the statement.

This latest development

demonstrates the political

will to end the weeks-long

crisis. To consolidate these

gains and prevent further

violence, more steps,

however, are needed, such

as curbing the rhetoric of

intolerance, increasing

cooperation among all

political forces, and

restoring trust and

confidence among all those

affected by the violent

events of the past month, it

said. The secretarygeneral

strongly urges the

pursuit of peaceful and

constructive dialogue. His

personal envoy, Jean

Arnault, will continue to

work with the facilitators to

support efforts in this

regard, it said.

Bolivia has been roiled by

political instability following

election controversies. The

country's electoral

authority declared Evo

Morales as the winner of

the presidential race last

month, but the opposition

refused to recognize the

outcome, claiming fraud.

The secretary-general

strongly urges the pursuit

of peaceful and

constructive dialogue. His

personal envoy, Jean

Arnault, will continue to

work with the facilitators to

support efforts in this

regard, it said.

Following weeks of

opposition protests, with

the army and police force

taking side with his

political opponents,

Morales resigned and flew

to Mexico, where he had

been offered asylum.

Preliminary investigations suggest both the slain

militants are local cadres of Hizbul Mujahideen, the

region's indigenous militant outfit.

Gunfights between militants and government forces

take place intermittently in the region.

However, over the past three months, a steep decline in

gunfights was recorded. Police officials attribute the

decrease in gunfights to suspension of communication in

the region.

Mobile telephone, text messaging and internet services

were blocked in Indian-controlled Kashmir on Aug. 4

ahead of Indian government's decision to abrogate special

status to the region. Though mobile telephone service was

partially restored, other services continue to remain

suspended altogether.

A guerilla war is going on between militants and Indian

troops stationed in the region since 1989.

Kashmir, the Himalayan region divided between India

and Pakistan, is claimed by both in full. Since their

independence from Britain, the two countries have fought

three wars, two exclusively over Kashmir.

ASEAN, S.Korea agree to resist

all forms of protectionism

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)'s 10 member countries and South

Korea agreed Tuesday to resist all forms of protectionism and enhance trade for regional

prosperity, reports UNB.

The agreement was reached after the two-day ASEAN-ROK Commemorative Summit

was held in Busan, the southern port city of South Korea, to celebrate the 30th

anniversary of dialogue partnership between the two sides. ROK stands for the Republic

of Korea, South Korea's official name.

In a joint vision statement released after the summit, the ASEAN and South Korea

agreed to their "commitment to support for the enhancement of trade and investment

and the resistance to all forms of protectionism in order to improve regional

development and prosperity."

Alcohols in air may slow down

haze formation: study

An international team led by Chinese and

U.S. scientists has identified a missing link

that affects haze formation in the

atmosphere, lending new clues to air

pollution prediction and control, reports

UNB.

The study, published Monday in the

Proceedings of the National Academy of

Sciences, found that alcohols such as

methanol can reduce particle formation by

consuming sulfur trioxide (SO3), one of

the process' key ingredients.

Small clumps of molecules in the lower

atmosphere, which are 2.5 to 10

micrometers in size, contribute to haze,

clouds and fog, and could potentially harm

the heart and lungs. Researchers from the

University of Pennsylvania, Beijing

Institute of Technology, University of

Helsinki and University of Nebraska-

Lincoln found that, when combined with

water molecules, SO3 forms sulfuric acid,

a major component of acid rain and one of

the most important "seeds" for growing

particles in the atmosphere.

But they realized that SO3 could react

with alcohols such as methanol when

there is a lot of it in the atmosphere,

resulting in a sticky compound, methyl

hydrogen sulfate (MHS). The alcohols

consume SO3 and therefore less sulfuric

acid is produced, according to the study.

They also found that, although the

reaction between methanol and SO3

requires more energy, the MHS itself

could catalyze the methanol reaction.

In dry and polluted conditions, when

alcohols and SO3 are abundant in the

atmosphere but water molecules are less

available, this reaction may play a

significant role in driving down the rate of

particle formation, according to the

researchers.

They acknowledged that MHS has also

been linked to negative health impacts,

but the new insight into particle formation

offers information that can power more

accurate models for air pollution and even

weather and climate, according to the

researchers.

An international team led by Chinese and U.S. scientists has identified a

missing link that affects haze formation in the atmosphere, lending new

clues to air pollution prediction and control.

Photo : AP

Navy veteran may

have been dead

in apartment for

3 years

Doris Stevens' son, a Navy

veteran who traveled the

world for work and

pleasure, suddenly

stopped answering her

phone calls in 2016.

Stevens said she spent

years trying to find out

what happened, appealing

to authorities to no avail,

reports UNB.

Earlier this month,

Stevens received a grim

answer

when

maintenance workers

found Ronald Wayne

White dead on the floor of

his apartment in a Dallas

suburb. The condition of

his body indicated White

had been dead for an

"extended period,"

according to the Dallas

County Medical

Examiner's Office,

possibly since around the

time his mother last heard

from him three years ago.

"A part of me is missing

and I'm not going to ever

see him again," Stevens

told Stars and Stripes last

week. "I want answers."

A spokesman said the

medical examiner's office

could not discuss the

condition of White's body

or his cause of death until

an autopsy has been

completed. Police in

DeSoto, where White was

found, are continuing to

investigate but they

suspect White's death may

be linked to his diabetes

and have found no

indication of foul play,

Detective Pete Schulte

said.

White's third floor,

corner apartment was

locked from the inside and

there was no odor in the

hallway, Schulte said.

White appears to have

died soon after moving

into the DeSoto Town

Center Apartments on a

month-to-month lease in

November 2016, the

detective said.

Stevens said she last

spoke with her son that

month, soon before he

was set to move and turn

51. When months passed

and she hadn't heard from

him, Stevens said she

called police in the Dallas

area out of concern but

also told them that her son

loved to travel and might

be on a trip.

9 Taliban

militants killed

in fresh

airstrikes

Nine Taliban militants

were killed in two separate

airstrikes conducted by

the Afghan Air Force in

eastern Laghman

province, the command of

Afghan special forces said

Tuesday, reports UNB.

The strikes were

launched late Monday

after Operations

Command of the Afghan

National Army Special

Operations Corps

(ANASOC) approved the

sorties to be conducted on

militants' positions in

Alishing and neighboring

Alingar districts, ANASOC

said in a statement.

"The army's special

forces will spare no effort

to intensify attacks against

the militants' key figures

to eliminate them and

kick them out of battle,"

the statement read.

The sorties also led to

the destruction of some of

the structures in the target

area.

Taliban militants are

active in parts of the

Laghman, 90 km east of

the country's capital

Kabul.

Fighting rages across

Afghanistan as Taliban

militants have been

attempting to take

territory and consolidate

their positions ahead of

the winter in the

mountainous country.

The Taliban militant

group has not made

comments yet.

Lebanon clashes threaten

to crack open fault lines

Clashes between Lebanese protesters and

supporters of the Shiite militant Hezbollah

group are putting Lebanon's military and

security forces in a delicate position,

threatening to crack open the country's

dangerous fault lines amid a political

deadlock, reports UNB.

For weeks, the Lebanese security forces

have taken pains to protect antigovernment

protesters, in stark contrast to

Iraq, where police have killed more than

340 people over the past month in a

bloody response to similar protests.

The overnight violence - some of the

worst since protests against the country's

ruling elite began last month - gave a

preview into a worst-case scenario for

Lebanon's crisis, with the country's U.S.-

trained military increasingly in the middle

between pro- and anti-Hezbollah factions.

By attacking protesters Sunday night,

Hezbollah sent a message that it is willing

to use force to protect its political power.

Confronting the powerful Iranian-backed

Hezbollah, however, is out of the question

for the military as doing so would wreck

the neutral position it seeks to maintain

and could split its ranks.

"The army is in a difficult position facing

multiple challenges and moving cautiously

between the lines," said Fadia Kiwan,

professor of political science at Saint

Joseph University in Beirut.

She said the military has sought to

protect the protesters and freedom of

expression but is increasingly grappling

with how to deal with road closures and

violence. The U.N. Security Council urged

all actors in Lebanon on Monday to

engage in "intensive national dialogue and

to maintain the peaceful character of the

protests" by respecting the right to

peaceful assembly and protest.

Calling this "a very critical time for

Lebanon," the U.N.'s most powerful body

also commended Lebanon's armed forces

and state security institutions for their role

in protecting the right to peaceful

assembly and protest.

Sunday night's clashes brought into full

display the political and sectarian

divisions that protesters have said they

want to end.

"Shiite, Shiite, Shiite!" Hezbollah

supporters waving the group's yellow flag

shouted, taunting the protesters, many of

them Christians. The protesters chanted

back, "This is Lebanon, not Iran," and

"Terrorist, terrorist, Hezbollah is a

terrorist" - the first time they have used

such a chant.

The violence began when supporters of

Hezbollah and the other main Shiite

faction, Amal, attacked protesters who

had blocked a main Beirut thoroughfare

known as the Ring Road - a move the

protesters said was aimed at exerting

pressure on politicians to form a new

government after Prime Minister Saad

Hariri offered his resignation Oct. 29.

Carrying clubs and metal rods, the

Hezbollah followers arrived on scooters,

chanting pro-Hezbollah slogans. They

beat up several protesters. Both sides

chanted insults, then threw stones at each

other for hours.

Security forces stood between them but

did little to stop the fighting. Finally, after

several hours, they fired tear gas at both

sides to disperse them. The road was

eventually opened before daybreak

Monday.

Clashes between Lebanese protesters and supporters of the Shiite militant

Hezbollah group are putting Lebanon's military and security forces in a

delicate position, threatening to crack open the country's dangerous fault

lines amid a political deadlock.

Photo : AP

Australia's Northern Territory pursuing

“incompatible” climate policy: report

The renewable energy strategy of

Australia's Northern Territory has been

named the worst out of any Australian

jurisdiction for the fifth year running,

reports UNB.

According to the Climate Council's

annual "State of Play" report, the latest

version of which was published on

Monday, only 4 percent of the NT's energy

currently comes from renewable sources.

It represents a 2-percent increase in the

two years since the NT government

committed to a renewable energy target of

50 percent by 2030.

The Climate Council's Greg Bourne told

the Australian Broadcasting Corporation

(ABC) that the government's commitment

to supporting growth in onshore fracking

and gas exports contradicted its renewable

energy commitment.

"This is a real problem, not only for the

Northern Territory and Western Australia

but other states as well, and indeed other

countries," he said.

"Pushing fossil fuel exports and at the

same time enunciating that they are going

to try and reduce emissions, the two things

become incompatible.

"That incompatibility will be shown

more starkly as the years go by."

South Australia (SA), the Australian

Capital Territory (ACT) and Tasmania led

the nation in the uptake of renewable

energy. According to the report the ACT

was on track to achieve 100 percent

renewable energy by the start of 2020,

becoming the eighth jurisdiction in the

world with a population of more than

100,000 to do so.

Bourne said that progress on renewable

energy is being driven by state and

territory governments rather than the

federal government. "We need to be facing

forward, not facing backwards," he said.

Trump's actions raise concern

about role in military justice

Defense Secretary Mark Esper declared that President Donald Trump ordered him to

stop a disciplinary review of a Navy SEAL accused of battlefield misconduct, an

intervention that raised questions about America's commitment to international

standards for battlefield ethics, reports UNB.

Esper's comments Monday were the latest twist in the case of Chief Petty Officer

Edward Gallagher, which led to a conflict between Trump and armed services leaders

over military discipline. The dispute peaked over the weekend with the firing of Navy

Secretary Richard V. Spencer.

Gallagher was acquitted of murder in the stabbing death of an Islamic State militant

captive but convicted by a military jury of posing with the corpse while in Iraq in 2017.

Esper initially favored allowing the Navy to proceed with a peer-review board which

could have resulted in Gallagher losing his SEAL status, but he said he was obliged to

follow Trump's order. Still, Esper also directed the Pentagon's legal office to review how

service members are educated in the laws of armed conflict and trained to wartime

behavioral standards.

"I can control what I can control," Esper told reporters when asked whether Trump

sent the right message to U.S. troops by intervening to stop the Gallagher review. "The

president is the commander in chief. He has every right, authority and privilege to do

what he wants to do." In yet another twist to the Gallagher saga, Esper also made an

extraordinary accusation against Spencer. Esper said Spencer had gone behind his back

last week to propose a secret deal with the White House in which Spencer would fix the

outcome of the Gallagher review. Esper said this was a violation of the military chain of

command and said Spencer acknowledged his misstep.


ECONOMY & BUSINESS

wEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 2019

6

NRB Global Bank formally opened itsJoyna Bazar Islamic Banking Branch at Gazipuron November

26, 2019. Nizam Chowdhury,Chairman of the bank has inaugurated the operations of the branch as

chief guest. Independent Director Dr. Md. Nizamul Hoque Bhuiyan, Managing Director Syed Habib

Hasnat,Additional Managing Director Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddiquee, Deputy Managing

Director Kazi Mashiur Rahman Jayhad,Divisional Heads from Head office, Branch Managers& distinguished

clients were also present on the occasion. It was expected that through the latest technological

support, the bank will provide quality service to the customers & will expand its network in

home & abroad to provide "Great Experience" to its stakeholders.

Photo : Courtesy

The Managing Director & CEO of Shahjalal Islami Bank Ltd. M. Shahidul Islam distributed Blankets

& Vaseline recently among winter hit & poor people at Begumganj in Noakhali as a part of CSR activities

of the Bank. Among others the Local prominent People were also present in the Blanket distribution

ceremony.

Photo : Courtesy

PRAN Chinigura Rice NabannaUtsab

kicks off Thursday

A three-day 'PRAN

Chinigura Rice Nabanna

Utsab' will kick off at

Rabindra Sarobar in Dhaka

on Thursday. The festival

will remain open for all from

9am to 8pm every day.

The program will include

traditional music, dance,

puppet show, bioscope,

palki, lathikhela, Jamaimela

and monkey-dance show.

Pitha Uthab and kid's art

competition will also be held

at the premises. Satyen Sen

Shilpi Gosthi will coordinate

the cultural event of this

program.

The information regarding

the program was disclosed

at a press conference held on

Tuesday at the head office of

PRAN Group in the city, a

press release said.

Addressing at the press

conference, Eleash Mridha,

Managing Director at PRAN

Group, said, "We are losing

many traditional festivals

from our culture in the

course of time. We have

been organizing Nabanna

Utsab in Dhaka with a view

to introducing traditional

festivals to young

generation."

Mohammad Shahan Shah

Azad, Chief Operating

Officer of PRAN Chinigura

Rice said, "PRAN Chinigura

Rice is now a matter of pride

to the Bangladeshis.

Currently, PRAN Chinigura

Rice, produced by local

farmers, is being exported to

over 100 countries. We

hope, PRAN Chinigura Rice

will be available in those

countries where PRAN

products is now available."

The NabannaUtsab will be

held in association with

Good Luck Stationery and

popular bakery brand All

Time.

Mustafizur Rahman, Head

of Marketing of PRAN

Chinigura Rice, Fahim

Hossain, Head of Marketing

of Good Luck Stationery,

Zeaul Haque, Assistant

General Manager (Public

Relations) of PRAN-RFL

Group, Adil Khan, Head of

Operation of Xpedev and

Manzarul Islam Chowdhury

Sweet, General Secretary of

Satyen Sen Shilpi Gosthi

were present at the press

conference.

'Modern farm machinery uses

can help producing safe food’

Agricultural scientists and

researchers on Tuesday urged farmers

to produce safe food using modern

farm machinery for protecting public

health from many diseases, reports

BSS.

Promotion of modern farming

machineries has become

indispensable as farmers of the Barind

region are facing many challenges

including climate change, labour

shortage, irrigation water scarcity and

increase of crop cultivation cost, they

added.

They came up with the observation

while addressing a daylong workshop

titled "Modern Agriculture

Technology and Safe Food

Production" held at Bijoynagar area

under Godagari Upazila in the district.

Bangladesh Bank (BB) under its

'Small and Marginal Sized Farmers

Agricultural

Productivity

Improvement and Diversification

Financing Project (SMAP)' organized

the workshop with financial support

from the Japan International

Cooperation Agency. Bangladesh

Agriculture Research Institute (BARI)

supported the programme technically.

The BB has been implementing the

project to boost the productivity of

agriculture along with its

diversification through extending

microfinance and technical support

services to agriculture, livestock and

farm machinery sectors through 11

Participating Microfinance

Institutions (PMFIs).


MISCELLANEOUS

WedneSdAY,

7

novemBer 27, 2019

Parliament member of Brahmanbaria-1 constituency, Alhaj Bm Farhad Hossain Sangram was present

as the chief guest at the inauguration ceremony of laying foundation stone of construction of 22 bridgesculverts

under the rural roads, bridges, culvert project at nasirnagar Upazila Parishad premises of

Brahmanbaria district on Tuesday. Upazila Parishad Chairman rafi Uddin Ahmed was present as the

special guest at the occasion while Upazila nirbahi officer nazma Ashrafi chaired the occasion organized

by the Upazila Administration and disaster management Branch. Photo: md Abdul Hannan

Shrimp farming in Bagerhat

braces for huge losses

BAGERHAT : Shrimp farmers in the

district are counting losses in the wake

of a cruel double blow that severely

depleted their stocks of the fish known

as 'white gold', reports UNB.

Barely one and a half months ago,

shrimp worth Tk 25 crore died in

different parts of the district due to

oxygen failure following heavy rain.

With shrimp farmers still reeling from

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the huge losses, cyclone 'Bulbul'

unleashed its fury in the coastal

districts on November 10, dealing

another blow to the shrimp farmers

here.

Around 7,500 enclosures were

damaged by the cyclonic storm in the

district with gushing water washing

away different species of white fish,

including prawn, and putting the

livelihoods of the

farmers on edge.

The tidal surge

which 'Bulbul'

brought with it

broke the banks of

the enclosures

while uprooted

trees fell into

those in many

places, resulting

in the pollution of

water as tree

leaves rotted

beneath water.

According to

sources at the

district fisheries office, a Tk 25-crore

shrimp, known as the 'white gold' of

Bangladesh due to its lucrative export

value, died due to oxygen failure after

heavy rain swept the district on

September 22 last.

Already facing huge losses, cyclone

Bulbul came as a double blow for the

shrimp farmers in different upazilas,

including Sadar, Chitalmari, Fakirhat

and Mongla, the district.

District fisheries officer Dr M Khaled

Kanak said a total of 7,334 fish

enclosures covering an area of 2,851

hectares were damaged by 'Bulbul'.

"Shrimp and white fish were washed

away by water," he said estimating the

financial loss at Tk 3 crore.

Seven boats and 4,425 metres of net

of fishermen were also taken away by

the water, he said, adding that Mongla

was hit hard.

Visiting different areas, including

Charbaniayari, Krishnanagar and

Kharamkhali in Chitalmari and

Daharmoubhog and Faltita in Fakirhat,

it was found that the fish enclosures

were still bearing the trail of

destruction left behind by

the cyclone.

Uprooted trees were still

found dumped in enclosures

in some places. As a result,

tree leaves got rotten under

the water and a stinky smell

was coming out.

Besides, dead fish were

found floating in some

enclosures.

Santosh Kumar Basu, a

fish farmer of Krishnanagar,

said prawns worth Tk several

lakh were washed away from

his enclosure by gushing

water during the cyclone.

Dulal Roy of Charbaniyari

said trees fell into fish

enclosures at several places

of their village. "Fish are

dying as the water got

polluted after tree leaves got

rotten."

Bangladeshi

youth beaten

dead by BSF in

Chuadanga

CHUADANGA : A

Bangladeshi youth was

stabbed and beaten dead by

members Indian Border

Guard Bangladesh (BSF) in

bordering Chakulia area of

Damurhuda upazila here on

Tuesday, reports UNB.

The deceased was

identified as Abdul Goni, 30,

son of local farmer Abu

Taher.

Locals and family

members of the deceased

said when Goni and four

other farmers went to

irrigate a maize field near

zero point early Tuesday

BSF troops of Rangiarpota

Camp chased the farmers

and dragged Goni into

Indian territory.

Goni's cousin Imdadul

Islam said they found

stabbed and severely injured

Goni lying inside

Bangladesh territory in the

early morning.

On information, family

members recovered him and

took him to Chuadanga

Sadar Hospital where

doctors declared him dead,

he added. Sukumar Biswas,

officer-in-charge of

Damurhuda Police Station,

said the relatives of the

deceased had rescued Goni

before police reached there.

Police later sent the body

to hospital morgue for

autopsy, the OC added.

Lt Col Khalekuzzaman,

director of Border Guard

Bangladesh BSG-6,

Chuadanga, said they are

preparing to send a letter to

BSF protesting the incident.

It will be sent before

evening, he added.

3 killed in

Faridpur road

accident

FARIDPUR : Three people

were killed and 22 others

injured in a head-on

collision between a bus and

truck in Purbosorodi area of

Bhanga upazila in the

district on Tuesday

morning, reports UNB.

One of the deceased was

identified as Siraj, 50,

hailing from Madaripur

sadar upazila while the

identities of the others could

not be known yet.

Saidur Rahman, officerin-charge

of Bhanga police

station, the Chandra

Paribahan bus collided with

the truck while heading

towards Madaripur.

Sojibul Rahman, station

manager of Bhanga fire

service said two people died

on the spot while another

died while undergoing

treatment at Bhanga

hospital. The injured were

admitted to Bhanga and

Faridpur Medical College

Hospital, he added.

Shaheed dr milon day today

DHAKA : Shaheed Dr Milon Day will be

observed across the country today

commemorating the 29th martyrdom

anniversary of Dr Shamsul Alam Khan Milon,

the then joint secretary general of Bangladesh

Medical Association (BMA). Dr Milon, who

was also a teacher of Dhaka Medical College

(DMC), was killed by the goons of military

junta near the Teacher-Student Centre (TSC)

of Dhaka University at the height of antiautocracy

movement on the day in 1990.

The supreme sacrifice of Dr Milon

transformed the anti-autocracy movement

into a mass upsurge that prompted the fall of

the then autocratic regime paving the way for

restoration of democracy in the country.

On the eve of the day, President M Abdul

Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

issued separate messages recalling the

GD-1605/19 (6 x 3)

supreme sacrifice of Dr Milon for the cause of

restoration of democracy. In his message, the

President said Dr Milon was a bright star in

democratic movement of Bangladesh.

Democracy was restored in 1990 in

exchange of sacrifice of many people's lives

like Dr Milon's, he said, adding the

democracy-seeking people will remember the

contributions of the martyrs with due respect

forever. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, in her

message, paid rich tribute to the memory of

Dr Milon on his 29th martyrdom anniversary.

During the movement for restoring

democracy, she said, many avenues across the

country, including in the capital city, were

colored with the blood of numerous

democracy-loving people, including Jubo

League leader Nur Hossain, Nurul Huda,

Babul and Fattah.

Iqvmv- R: Z: 446/19

GD-1606/19 (6 x 5) GD-1609/19 (6 x 3)


WedNesdAy, dHAKA, NOVeMBeR 27, 2019, AGRAHAyAN 12, 1426 Bs, RABi-Ul-AWAl 29, 1441 HiJRi

BNP activists

fight police

in city

DHAKA : A group of BNp leaders and activists who were

staging a demonstration in front of the High Court seeking

Khaleda Zia's release locked into a clash with police on

Tuesday, vandalising a number of vehicles, injuring two

cops, reports UNB.

Witnesses said over 200 BNp leaders and activists, led by

it its vice chairman Abdullah Al Noman, under the banner of

Jatiyatabadi Muktijoddha projonmo Dal took position in

front of the High Court gate adjacent to the Jatiya press Club

around 1pm and staged the demonstration there for over an

hour blocking roads around.

At one stage, police asked the BNp men to withdraw the

barricade and end the programme as huge gridlocks were

created in nearby areas.

As the BNp leaders tried to continue the programme, the

law enforcers dispersed them by charging batons and firing

teargas shells.

The angry BNp leaders and activists also threw brickbats

targeting police and vandalised a number of vehicles.

Contacted, Arifur Rahman, inspector (investigation) of

Shahbagh police Station, said some BNp leaders and

activists suddenly took position in front of the High Court

without any pre-declared programme.

As the agitated leaders and activists of BNp and its associate

bodies vandalised windowpanes of several vehicles with

brickbats and sticks, he said they went on action and brought

the situation under control.

Arif claimed two police members were injured during the

clash. They received treatment at Rajarbagh Central police

Hospital, he added.

Jatiyatabadi Muktijoddha projonmo Dal had a discussion

programme at the Jatiya press Club where BNp standing

committee member Moudud Ahmed was scheduled to be

present as the chief guest.

As Moudud could not join the programme for his personal

business, the BNp leaders and activists brought out a procession

towards the High Court and took position in front of

its gate amid the thin presence of law enforcers.

Apart from Noman, BNp vice chairman Shawkat

Mahmud, Gonoshasthya Kendra founder Dr Zafrullah

Chowdhury and Muktijoddha Dal president ishtiaq Aziz

Ulfat, among others, took part in the demonstration.

Vegetable prices in city

markets still high

DHAKA : The prices of some winter vegetables remained

high in the city's kitchen markets on Tuesday.

Traders said the prices will start showing a downward

trend once the supply of the vegetables in the market is

increased, reports UNB.

Visiting Gulshan-2 Kitchen Market, this correspondent

found that cauliflower was selling at Tk 40 per piece while

cucumber at Tk 120 per kg, radish at Tk 40, tomato at Tk 110,

brinjal (black) at Tk 40 and brinjal (white) at Tk 50, lady's

finger at Tk 60, bean at Tk 60 and carrot at Tk 60.

Talking to UNB, Md Yasin, a retailer at the market, said the

prices of some winter vegetables like cauliflower, tomato,

carrot and lady's finger remained almost unchanged compared

to Monday's ones.

He said the prices will come down when the vegetable supply

will get a boost.

A group of BNP leaders and activists who were staging a demonstration in front of the High Court

seeking Khaleda Zia's release locked into a clash with police on Tuesday, vandalising a number of

vehicles, injuring two cops.

Photo : Riya Choudhury

Japan backs early

repatriation of

Rohingyas

DHAKA : Japanese Ambassador to

Bangladesh Naoki ito on Tuesday reiterated

Japan's support for early repatriation of

Rohingyas to their place of origin in

Myanmar's Rakhine state with conducive

environment in place saying the international

community needs to support the

process.

"Bangladesh, UN agencies and other

international organisations and donor agencies

are working very closely to provide

humanitarian support to those displaced

people," he said, reports UNB.

The Japanese envoy made the remarks

while addressing as the chief guest at a function

jointly organised by Bangladesh

institute of international and Strategic

Studies (BiiSS) and Rotary international

District 3281 Bangladesh at BiiSS auditorium.

Referring to Japanese prime Minister Abe

Shinzo's remarks at the recently held east

Asia Summit (eAS), Ambassador ito said

the international community should continue

to support the early repatriation of displaced

persons, along with continuing its

support to Bangladesh.

"He (prime Minister Abe) also expressed

his expectation that the Myanmar government

and military authorities will take

appropriate measures regarding alleged

human rights violations," said the Japanese

Ambassador.

Meanwhile, the Organization of islamic

Cooperation (OiC) welcomed the first hearing

of a recently filed case on accountability

for crimes against Rohingyas set for

December 10-12.

The OiC called on the international community

to support this legal effort for justice

and accountability for the Rohingya people

and to engage in all diplomatic and political

efforts to stop Myanmar from perpetrating

violence against this persecuted minority.

The General Secretariat of OiC welcomed

the decision by the international Court of

Justice (iCJ), The Hague, to conduct its first

hearing, from December 10-12 in the case

against the Republic of the Union of

Myanmar for its brutal actions against the

Rohingya Muslim minority.

The case was filed by Gambia, as Chair of

the OiC Ad Hoc Ministerial Committee on

Accountability for Human Rights Violations

Against the Rohingya, for violations by

Myanmar of the 1948 Convention on the

prevention and punishment of the Crime of

Genocide. As part of the lawsuit, the iCJ is

requested to impose provisional Measures,

as a matter of extreme urgency, to protect

the Rohingya against further harm by ordering

Myanmar to stop all of its genocidal conduct

immediately.

Genocide is a crime under international

law, as well as international criminal law

and all States have an obligation to prevent,

to punish, and to not commit genocide, said

the OiC in a statement.

Padma Bridge's

17th span

installed

MUNSHiGANJ CORReSpONDeNT :

The 17th span of the muchhyped

padma Bridge was

installed on Tuesday afternoon,

making 2.55 km of the

bridge out of 6.15-km visible.

The installation work of the

17th span (4-D) started at 10

am and was successfully

installed on pillar number 28

and 29 around 2:15 pm.

earlier it was carried near

the pillars from the yard at

Mawa point.

The installation of the span

was delayed due to navigability

problem but it was

resolved by dredging work.

Besides, the 18th span of

the bridge is scheduled to be

installed on December 4 or 5

on the 17 and 18 pillars and

the authorities concerned are

thinking of installing the next

span on the 21 and 22 no pillar

on any day of December as

well.

Meanwhile, two other

spans have already reached

Mongla port on November 19

and those are scheduled to

bring at Mawa within 4-5

days.

Work on the country's

largest bridge till date started

in December 2015. The structure

started becoming visible

with the installation of 150-

metre span on pillars 37 and

38 on October 30, 2017.

Greenhouse gas

emission hits

record high: WMO

DHAKA : Record amount of

the three main heat-trapping

gases- carbon dioxide (CO2),

methane, and nitrous oxide -

emitted into the atmosphere

in 2018, according to a report

from the UN's World

Meteorological Organization,

reports UNB.

WMO Secretary-General

prof petteriTaalas said, "We

have again broken records in

carbon dioxide concentrations

and we have already exceeded

400ppm level which was

regarded as a critical level," he

said, in reference to the 407.8

parts per million reading for

2018, reports UN News.

in an appeal to governments

to do more to reverse countries'

reliance on producing

energy from fossil fuels, in line

with the 2015 paris Agreement

on Climate Change, prof

Taalas, warned that "the

future welfare of mankind"

was at stake.

"That happened already two

years ago and this carbon

dioxide concentration continues

and continues, and last

year's increase was about the

same as we have been observing

in the past 10 years, as an

average."

According to the WMO

Greenhouse Gas Bulletin,

since 1990, so-called "longlived"

greenhouse gases have

caused a 43 per cent increase

in total radiative forcing - the

warming effect on the climate.

Of these gases, CO2

accounts for about 80 per cent,

according to the United States'

National Oceanic and

Atmospheric Administration

(NOAA), whose data is quoted

in the WMO Bulletin.

CO2 is particularly harmful

in a global warming context

because it remains in the

atmosphere for centuries and

in the oceans for even longer,

the agency explained.

prof Taalas noted too that

when the earth last had similar

concentrations of CO2, the

temperature "was 2-3 degrees

Celsius warmer (and) sea level

was 10-20 metres higher than

now". Turning to methane,

which is responsible for 17 per

cent of radiative forcing,

professor Taalas noted that

"we have also been breaking

records", since last year's

increase "was the secondhighest

in the last 10 years".

According to the WMO bulletin,

global readings indicate

that atmospheric methane

(CH4) reached a new high of

1,869 parts per billion (ppb) in

2018, more than two and a

half times the pre-industrial

level.

Approximately 40 per cent

of methane comes from natural

sources, such as wetlands

and termites, but 60 per cent

comes from human activities,

including cattle breeding, paddyfields,

mines, landfills and

biomass burning.

Holey Artisan attack

Court set to deliver

verdict today

DHAKA : The much-awaited verdict in the sensational

case over the Holey Artisan cafe attack that claimed the lives

of 22 people, including 17 foreign nationals, will be delivered

today.

Judge of the Dhaka Anti-terrorism Special Tribunal

Mohammad Mujibur Rahman is set to pronounce the judgment,

reports UNB.

On November 17 last, the tribunal set November 27 for

delivering its verdict in the cafe attack case.

On July 23, 2018, police pressed charges against eight

alleged militants in the case.

The tribunal framed charges against them on November

26 of the year.

On December 3 last year, the trial in the sensational case

began formally with the deposition of witnesses.

Acting Editor & Publisher : Jobaer Alam, Managing, Editor: Tapash Ray Sarker, News Editor : Saiful Islam, printed at Sonali Printing Press, 2/1/A, Arambagh 167, Inner Circular Road, Eden Complex, Motijheel, Dhaka.

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