zaza WipaSvili daviT melua

gipa.ge

zaza WipaSvili daviT melua

saqarTvelos sazogadoebriv saqmeTa instituti

saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis skola

adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisa da mmarTvelobis programa

sadiplomo Tema

“q. Tbilisis mmarTvelobiTi organoebis _ raionul gamgeobaTa

sakadro politika”

diplomanti:

zaza WipaSvili

xelmZRvaneli:

daviT melua

q.Tbilisi

2003 w


sarCevi

anotacia gv. 3

Tavi I. Sesavali gv. 3

I.I problemis dasma gv. 3

I.II kvlevis mizani gv. 4

I.III kvlevis hipoTeza gv. 4

I.IV kvlevis sazRvrebi gv. 4

I.V terminebis ganszRvreba gv. 5

Tavi II. literaturis ganxilva gv. 5

Tavi III. kvlevis meTodi gv. 6

Tavi IV. analizi gv. 8

IV.1. sakanonmdeblo baza da gamgeobis aparatTa struqtura gv. 8

IV.1.a. sakanonmdeblo baza gv. 8

IV.1.a. gamgeobis struqtura gv. 9

IV.2. samuSaoze ayvanis procedura gv. 9

IV.2.b. funqciaTa gadanawileba gv. 11

IV.3. kadrebis kvalificireba _ trening-seminarebi gv. 12

IV.4. SromiTi motivacia da Tanamdebobrivi dawinaureba gv. 14

Tavi V. kvlevis Sedegebi da rekomendaciebi gv. 17

daskvna gv. 18

==============================================================

gamoyenebuli literatura gv. 18

kiTxvarebis nimuSi gv. 19-20


anotacia

sadiplomo naSromSi ganxilulia q. Tbilisis raionuli gamgeobebSi

arsebuli sakadro politikis mdgomareoba da gaanalizebulia am

mimarTulebiT arsebuli problemebis gamosavlenad Catarebuli kvlevis

Sedegebi, ris safuZvelzec Camoyalibda is sarekomendacio winadadebebi,

romelTa ganxorcieleba xels Seuwyobs aRniSnuli problemebis dareguirebas,

rac, TavisTavad, xels Seuwyobs dedaqalaqis mmarTvelobiTi

organoebis efeqtur moSaobas.

Tavi I. Sesavali

I.I problemis dasma

Tanamedrove msoflios gamocdileba gviCvenebs, rom adgilobrivi

mmarTvelobis da TviTmmarTvelobis organoebi saxelmwifos Zlierebis

ZiriTad qvakuTxedad iTvlebian. me-20 saukunis 70-iani wlebidan safuZveli

Caeyara saxelmwifo sistemis reformas, romelic mTlianad

decentralizaciis principebs eyrdnoba. am procesSi udidesi mniSvneloba

adgilobriv aRmasrulebel organoTa qmediTunarianobas eniWeba.

ra mdgomareobaa am mxriv saqaTveloSi? miuxedavad imisa rom

saxelmwifo xelisufleba aRiarebsDEdecentralizaciis principebs,

SedegebiT namdvilad ver davikvexniT. saxeze gvaqvs adgilobrivi

xelisuflebis dabali efeqturoba, rac, xSir SemTxvevaSi, subieqturi

faqtoriTaa ganpirobebuli, romelic araefeqturi sakadro politikiTaa

gamowveuli. kerZod:

1. arsebobs mkveTri saxelisuflo vertikali da SezRuduli funqciebi;

2. ar arsebobs mkveTri kriteriumebi, romlis safuZvelzec xdeba ama

Tu im pirovnebis samsaxurSi ayvana;

3. ar xdeba kadrebis zrda, kvalifikacia-profesionlizmi;

4. ar arsebobs dawinaurebisa da motivaciis Tanamedrove da efeqturi

meTodebi.


I.II kvlevis mizani

kvlevis mizania Seswavlil iqnas sakadro politika q. Tbilisis

municipalitetis magaliTze da gamovlindes zemoTmoyvanili prolemebis

gamomwvevi mizezebi da Camoyalibdes rekomendaciebi maT dasaZlevad.

I.III kvlevis hipoTeza

sakadro politika aris marTvis optimizaciis ZiriTadi instrumenti,

romelic saSualebas aZlevs xelisuflebis organos profesiuli kadrebiT

daakompleqtos aparati da moaxdinos Statebis optimizacia sakuTari

funqciebis ukeT Sesasruleblad. aseTi politikis ar arseboba calkeuli

ganyofilebebis da samsaxurebis kolafss iwvevs, ar xdeba axali kadrebis

momzadeba, ikargeba motivacia, rac sabolood gavlenas axdens

mmarTvelobis efeqturad da xarisxianad muSaobaze. xSir SemTxveaSi

efeqturi sakadro politikis ar arseboba SeiZleba Tavad mmarTvelobis

organoTa pasiurobiT da inertulobiT iyos gamowveuli, magram aseve

xSiria SemTxvevebi, rodesac sakadro politikis sisustes Sesabamisi

kvlevebis da rekomendaciebis ar arsebobac ganapirobebs. Sesabamisad

sakadro politikis optimizaciisTvis mniSvnelovania problemebis kvleva

da masze dayrdnobiT rekomendaciebis SemuSaveba

I.IV kvlevis sazRvrebi

kvlevis teritoriul sazRvrebi moicavs q. Tbilisis municipalitets.

kvlevis obieqtebi arian qalaqis administraciuli raionebis aparatisa

da aparatis ganyofilebebis xelmZRvanelebi, TanamSromlebi (mT.

specialisti, specialisti).

Tematikis sazRvrebi (CarCo) moicavs Semdeg komponentebs: samuSaoze

ayvana, funqciaTa gadanawileba, Tanamdebobrivi winsvla da motivacia.

I.V terminebis ganszRvreba

sakadro politika _ principebisa da normebis sistema, romelsac

adamianuri resursebi moyavs organizaciis strategiis SesabamisobaSi

(kadrebis SerCevis, atestaciis, kvalificirebis, Tanamdebobrivi winsvlis

kriteriumebi winaswar igegmeba organizaciis miznebisa da amocanebis

gaTvaliswinebiT);


motivacia – stimuli, waxaliseba, mastimulirebeli faqtori;

socialuri statusi – anu socialuri pozicia, romelsac axasiaTebs

garkveuli prestiJi – aRiarebis done, romliTac sargeblobs jgufSi

mocemuli rolis Sesruleba.

Tavi II. literaturis ganxilva

1. “adamianuri resursis menejmenti“ _ dafinansebulia fondi “evrazia”s

mier. 1999 w. red: i. kutalaZe

ganxilulia adamianTa resursebis marTvis ZiriTadi aspeqtebi:

SromiTi motivacia, personalis SerCeva, treningi da ganviTareba, saStato

gadaadgilebebi, kompensacia da sxva sakiTxebi, moyvanilia am kuTxiT

moRvawe cnobili adamianebis Teoriebi (maslou, miurei, adelferi da sxva)

da rekomendaciebi;

2. “saqarTvelos mTiani teritoriebis mdgradi problemebi da

adgilobrivi TviTmmarTveloba” _ krebuli. dafinansebulia fondi

“evrazia”-s mier. 2001 w.

ganxilulia sakadro politikis aspeqtebi mTiani regionebis

magaliTze da ganxilulia saxsrebis simwirisa da kadrebis denadobis

sakiTxebi;

3. “menejmentis safuZvlebi” _ adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis programis

saleqcio kursi . saqarTvelos sazogadoebriv saqmeTa instituti 2002w.

Semdgeneli: e. jiblaZe.

wignSi ganxilulia sakadro politikis ZiriTadi aspeqtebi, misi

sxvadasxva tipebi TeoretikosTa Teoriebze dayrdnobiT, gadmocemulia

efeqturi sakadro politikisaTvis gasatarebeli rekomendaciebi

(situaciuri Teoriebi da a.S.).

4. «Школа Муниципалъного Служащего» _ Московский общественный научный

фонд. Ред. А.Балабанов. 1999г.

wignSi mimoxilulia Tanamedrove sakadro politika ruseTis

adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis organoebSi. ZiriTadi aqcenti gakeTebulia

municipaluri moxelis motivaciis meTodebze da ZiriTadi mosazreba aris

is, rom farTo kompetenciebis miniWeba moxeleTa motivaciis erT-erTi

ZiriTadi saSualebaa, amasTan gamoTqmulia rekomendaciebi, rom


Tanamdebobrivi dawinaureba da saxelfaso danamatebis ganakveTebi erTiani

unda iyos rogorc municipaluri, aseve saxelmwifo moxeleebisaTvis;

Tavi III. kvlevis meTodi

kvlevisaTvis gamoyenebulia SemTxveviTi analizis (Case study) meTodi.

kerZod: pirveladi SeswavlisaTvis q.Tbilisis xuTi raionidan SerCeuli

iqna ori – gldani-naZaladevisa da mTawminda-krwanisis raionebi. miRebuli

monacemebis testirebisaTvis( SedarebisaTvis) arCeul iqna erTi damatebiTi

raioni _ vake-saburTalos raioni; TiToeuli raionidan miRebuli monacemebi

gaanalizda SedarebiTi analizis saSualebiT; miRebuli daskvnebi

gamyarda informaciis alternatiuli_damatebiTi wyaroebiT (literatura,

normatiuli aqtebi, miRebuli gadawyvetilebebi da sxva) da ganzogadda

mTeli municipalitetis masStabiT.

Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom qalaq Tbilisis yvela donis mmarTvelobiT

aparatSi dasaqmebulia 290-mde sajaro moxele, xolo aRniSnul sam

raionSi maTi saerTo ricxovneba aris 170 _ saerTo raodenobis 59%, aqedan

gamomdinare, am sam raionSi miRebuli Sedegebis ganzogadeba mTeli

qalaqis masStabiT sruliad SesaZlebelia.

kvlevis iaraRebi: arCeuli iqna anketuri gamokiTxva. SemuSavda Ria

kiTxvari (intervius wesi) ris safuZvelzec kvlevisaTvis saWiro

informaciis miReba moxda uSualod mmarTvelobis aparatis 32

TanamSromelTan gasaubrebis meSveobiT. maT daesvaT winaswar Sedgeneli 7

ZiriTadi kiTxva (ix.kiTxvari #1), romelic moicavda iseT sakiTxebs, rac

moicavs sakadro politikis efeqtianobisaTvis damaxasiaTebel aucilebel

instrumentebs _ samsaxurSi miReba, trening-seminarebi, motivacia da sxva.

Tavdapirvelad gamoikiTxa gldani-naZaladevis raionis gamgeobis aparatis

15 TanamSromeli, maT Soris gamgebelis moadgile, funqcionaluri

ganyofilebebis xelmZRvanelebi, mTavari specialistebi da specialistebi.

amis Semdom gavesaubre aparatis ufross, romelic gldani-naZaladevis

gamgeobis aparatis debulebis Sesabamisad (muxli 5) xelmZRvanelobs,

organizaciasa da koordinacias uwevs aparatis muSaobas da uZRveba

aparatis saqminobas. mas davusvi 13 kiTxva (ix. kiTxvari #2), romelic

warmodgenas Segviqmnida, Tu rogori sakadro politikaa aRniSnul

gamgeobaSi. aqve avRniSnav, rom garda winaswar dadgenili kiTxvebisa,

situaciis Sesabmisad dasmuli iqna aseve damatebiTi kiTxvebi garkveuli

sakiTxebis dasazusteblad. amis Semdgom, igive saxiT, moxda gasaubreba

mTawminda-krwanisis raionis gamgeobis 12 TanamSromelsa da aparatis

ufrosTan, romelic amave dros iTavsebs raionis gamgeblis erT-erTi

moadgilis funqciebs. bolos ki, miRebuli informaciis testirebisaTvis

gavesaubre vake-saburTalos raionis 5 TanamSromelsa da aparatis ufross.


yovelive amis mizani iyo, uSualod TanamSromelTagan gamego,

ramdenad arian isini motivirebulni, maTi piradi Sexedulebebi, azrebi da

a.S.

dokumentebTan muSaoba: Seswavlil iqna gamgeobebis aparatTa

debulebebi, Sinaganawesi da Sida dokumentaciebi.

muSaoba literaturasTan: moZiebul iqna sxvadasxva qveynis

gamocdileba, Teoriuli masalebi da sxvadasxva literaturaSi arsebuli

midgomebi, aseve sagazeTo moxsenebebi.

SedarebiTi analizi: moxda samive raionidan aRebuli monacemebis

Sejereba, ris Semdegac Camoyalibda rekomandaciebi.

Tavi IV. analizi

IV.1. sakanonmdeblo baza da gamgeobis aparatTa struqtura

vidre uSualod ganvixilavdeT q. Tbilisis raionuli ganyofilebebis

sakadro politikis arsebul niuansebs, mimovixiloT is sakanonmdeblo

garemo, romlis wiaRSic moqmedebs es politika, gavarkvioT gamgeobis

aparatis organizaciul struqturaTa arsebuli normatiuli baza da misi

moqmedebis detalebi.

IV.1.a. sakanonmdeblo baza

Tbilisis, rogorc gansakuTrebuli statusis qalaqis samarTlebliv

mdgomareobas aregulirebs saqarTvelos kanoni “saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis

– Tbilisis Sesaxeb”, romelic gansazRvravs Tbilisis rogorc

warmoamdgenlobiT, aseve aRmasrulebeli organoebis – maT Soris

gamgeobebis uflebamosilebas, saqmianobis wess da safinanso-ekonomikur

safuZvlebs, gamgebelTa daniSvnis wessa da kompetenciebs.

aRniSnuli kanonidan gamomdinare (muxli 29) gamgeobis uflebamosileba

da saqmianobis wesi ganisazRvreba saqarTvelos prezidentis

brZanebulebiT “ saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis – Tbilisis meriis debulebisa

da struqturis damtkicebis Sesaxeb”, ris safuZvelzec Tbilisis

premierTan SeTanxmebiT gamgeobis struqturas SeimuSavebs raionis

gamgebeli da amtkicebs qalaq Tbilisis meri, xolo uSualod gamgeobis

aparatis struqturas amtkicebs Sesabamisi raionis gamgebeli. ramdenadac

sakadro politikis ganxorcielebis umTavresi obieqtebi, am SemTxvevaSi,


saxelmwifo sajaro moxeleebi arian (da ara TviTmmarTvelobis sajaro

moxeleebi), aRniSnuli mimarTulebiT gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeba

saqarTvelos kanons “sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb”, romelic aregulirebs

sajaro moxelis saqmianobas sajaro samsaxurebSi. miuxedavad imisa, rom es

kanoni met-naklebad akmayofilebs Tavis mizans, masSi garkveuli

winaaRmdegobebi mainc aRiniSneba, rasac qvemoT Sesabamisi sakiTxebis

analizis dros ganvixilavT.

IV.1.b. gamgeobis struqtura

Tu gadavavlebT Tvals zemoT moyvanil kanonebsa da normatiul

aqtebs, Cven davinaxavT, rom maTSi savsebiT naTladaa gansazRvruli

gamgeobis xelmZRvaneloba: gamgebeli da misi sami moadgile, rac

analogiuria yvela gamgeobisaTvis. aseve naTladaa Camoyalibebuli

gamgeblisa da misi moadgileebis kompetenciebi. magram ra xdeba qveda

donis TanamSromlebTan dakavSirebiT, ra kompetenciebs floben isini da,

saerTod, ra statusi aqvT maT, yovelive es aRwerilia gamgeblis mier

damtkicebul gamgeobis aparatis debulebaSi. q. Tbilisis meriis

debulebaSi aRniSnulia: “gamgeobis aparati axorcielebs gamgeobisa da

gamgeobis samsaxurebis sainformacio, teqnikur, iuridiul da

organizaciul uzrunvelyofas”, xolo rac Seexeba danarCens,

TanamSromlebisaTvis funqciebis miniWeba, ganyofilebebis Seqmna da sxva

sakiTxTa gadawyvetilebis miRebis ufleba delegirebis saxiT miniWebuli

aqvT mlianad gamgeblebs, rac iwvevs gamgeobis debulebaTa erTmaneTisagan

gansxvavebas _ ara tipobriobas.

ramdenad mizanSewonilia aparatis debulebaTa ara tipobrioba?

warmovidginoT situacia, roca modixarT vake _ saburTalos gamgeobis

iuridiuli ganyofilebidan mTawminda – krwanisis gamgeobaSi, vkiTulobT

igive saxis ganyofilebas da irkveva, rom aseTi ganyofileba saerTod ar

arsebobs, an kidev- gamgeobis funqcionalur dawesebulebebs

struqturulad erTgan ewodeba “ganyofileba”, meoregan – “samsaxuri”, erT

SemTxvevaSi arsebobs oficialuri struqturuli danayofi “kancelaria”,

xolo meore SemTxvevaSi imave funqciebiT aRWurvil ganyofilebas ewodeba

“saerTo ganyofileba” da a.S.

xSir SemTxvevaSi adgili aqvs funqcionaluri ganyofilebebis arqonis

gamo gamowveul funqciaTa dublirebis SemTxvevebsac, anu Statebi ar aris

gaSifruli detalurad. yovelice es xels uSlis gamgeobaTa erTiani

sakadro politikis Camoyalibebas.

IV.2. samuSaoze ayvanis procedura:


erT-erTi pirveli, rac ganapirobebs garkveuli Sexedulebebis

Camoyalibebas organizaciis sakadro politikaze aris is, Tu rogor xdeba

Sesabamisi organizaciis kadrebis dakompleqteba, ra kriteriuebiT irCevian

isini.

gamokiTxulTa umravlesobam (29) SekiTxvaze _ Tu ra formiT moxda

maTi samasaxurSi miReba, aRniSna, rom es forma iyo daniSvna.

gasaubrebisas gairkva, rom TanamSromelTa umravlesoba am sistemaSi

(saxelmwifo samsaxuri) jer kidev sabWoTa periodidan aris dasaqmebuli,

xolo amJamindel samsaxurSi maTi miReba daniSvnis wesiT moxda 2000 wels,

mas Semdeg rac moxda Tbilisis raionuli gamgeobebis gaerTianebagamsxvileba.

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

gldani-naZaladevi mTawminda-krwanisi vake-saburTalo

daniSvna

dawinaureba

gadmoyvana

konkursi

rogorc vxedavT, gamokiTxulTagan mxolod erT SemTxvevaSi hqonda

adgili dawinaurebas, aseve moxda erTi gadmoyvana gamgeobis gare

samsaxuridan da erTic konkursis wesiT miReba, Tumca bolo SemTxvevas

pirobiTad SeiZleba konkursi vuwodoT, vinaidan aq adgili hqonda

vakantur Tanamdebobaze ramodenime kandidatidan (4kand.) erTis SerCevas

xelmZRvane-lobasTan gasaubrebis safuZvelze. kiTxvaze, Tu ra

kriteriumebiT xdeba TanamSromelTa miReba _ aparatis ufrosebma TiTqmis

erTnairad upasuxes, rom es kriteriumebia kvalifikacia, profesionalizmi.

erT-erTma maTganma sandoobis kriteriumic daasaxela, Tumca

dakonkretebisas aRniSna, rom igulisxma saqmianobis gamocdilebakvalifikaciidan

gamomdinare ndoba(?!).

kiTxvaze Tu ra kriteriumebiT xdeba dawinaureba, pasuxi calsaxaa _

mxolod saqmis gamocdileba (Tumca gamokiTxul TanamSromelTagan aseTi

SemTxveva mxolod erTi iyo).

TavisTavad dadebiTi momentia is, rom TanamSromelTa miRebisas xdeba

maTi profesionalizmisa da kvalifikaciis gaTvaliswineba, rac sajaro


samasaxuris erT-erTi ZiriTadi principia; mniSvnelovania aseve ndobis

faqtoric, magram Tu samsaxurSi miRebamde met-naklebad SeiZleba gavarkvioT

pirovnebis es Tvisebebi (rogorc formaluri, aseve araformaluri

urTierTobiT), sainteresoa rogor unda moxdes misi sandoobis garkveva –

Tu es Seexeba samsaxurebriv gamocdilebas, maSin mivdivarT

profesionalizmsa da kvalifikaciasTan, Tu es Seexeba politikur

Sexedulebebs, maSin adgili aqvs sajaro samsaxuris im principis

darRvevas, romelic sajaro samsaxuris upartiobasa da saerTo xasiaTs

miuTiTebs.

gamokiTxvam aCvena, rom ar xdeba TanamSromelTa ayvana

xelSekrulebiT, aseve maTi miReba moxeleTa rezervidan, martivi mizezis

gamo _ moxeleTa rezervi ar arsebobs aRniSnul gamgeobebSi.

rac Seexeba TanamSromelTa miRebas konkursis saxiT _ saqarTvelos

kanoni “sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb” muxli 29 “Tanamdebobaze daniSvna

konkursis wesiT”, Semdegi saxiT redaqtirdeba:

“1. piri Tanamdebobaze SeiZleba dainiSnos konkursis Sedegebis

gaTvaliswinebiT.

2. saxelmwifo an adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis dawesebulebis

xelmZRvanelis gadawyvetilebiT am dawesebulebaSi garkveuli

Tanamdebobis dasakaveblad SeiZleba gamocxaddes konkursi...”

31 _ 34-e muxlebi ki konkursis procedurebs awesebs.

rogorc vxedavT kanoni konkurss uSvebs, rogorc samsaxurSi miRebis

wess, Tumca moyvanil muxlSi miTiTebulia, rom “piri Tanamdebobaze

SeiZleba dainiSnos konkursis Sedegebis gaTvaliswinebiT”, xazs vusvam

kidev erTxel – SeiZleba da es “SeiZleba”, samwuxarod, jer aravis

gamouyenebia, radgan is normatiul aucileblobas ar warmoadgens.

aRsaniSnavia, rom erT-erTi kiTxvis pasuxad, romelic TanamSromelTa

pirad Sexedulebebs Seexeboda maTi samsaxuris sakadro politikis

Sesaxeb, interviurTa garkveulma nawilma(11) problemad swored kadrebis

SerCeva daasaxela da gamoTqves azri, rom kadrebis dakompleqteba unda

moxdes SerCeviTi principiT da es procesi unda iyos gamWirvale, rogorc

sazogadoebisTvis, aseve TanamSromlebisaTvis.

IV.2.b. funqciaTa gadanawileba

sakadro politikis mniSvnelovan komponents Seadgens TanamSromel-

TaTavis funqciaTa gadanawilebis sakiTxi _ vin iZleva funqciebs da ra


kriteriumebiT axdens amas, rogor ganisazRvreba funqciaTa Sinaarsi da

a.S.

am SemTxvevaSi, funqciebis miniWeba ZiriTadad xorcieldeba

gamgeobebis aparatTa debulebebiT gansazRvrul funqciebis Sesabamisad,

magram, rog-orc zeviT avRniSneT, ramdenadac ar arsebobs erTiani-tipiuri

debuleba yvela gamgeobis aparatebisa, xSir SemTxvevaSi adgili aqvs

sxvadasxva funq-cionaluri ganyofilebebis arsebobas, an ar arsebobas, e.i.

naTlad ar aris gansazRvruli aucilebeli rgolebi; debulebaTa

absolutur umrav-lesobaSi ar aris gansazRvruli konkretuli

TanamSromlis (mT. specia-listi, specialisti) funqciebi, ar xdeba

Statebis gaSifvra, es ufro zoga-di saxisaa da gamonaklisad SeiZleba

CaiTvalos amaTuim funqcionaluri ganyofilebebis xelmZRvanelTa

kompetenciebis gansazRvra. Cemi azriT auci-lebelia yvela TanamSromels

hqondes mkafiod gansazRvruli kompetnciebi, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi metia

Sansi adgili hqondes funqciaTa dublirebas.

aparatis xelmZRvanelTa ganmartebiT, amaTuim funqciaTa miniWeba

xdeba Sesabamisi TanamSromlis kvalifikaciisa da ganaTlebis Sesabamisad;

situa-ciidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia funqciis miniWeba moxdes

TanamSromlis zogadi gamocdilebis Sesabamisad. swored es

SesaZleblobaa, Cemi azriT, is saSualeba, rac gamoiyeneba xelmZRvanelTa

mier funqciaTa ganawilebis (miniWebis) dros da romelsac mivyevarT

mkveTr saxelisuflo vertikalamde.

saintereso Sexedulebebi gamoiTqva rogorc TanamSromelTa (TiTqmis

50%-ze metma), aseve aparatis xelmZRvanelTa nawilis mxridan am mimarTulebiT.

kerZod: SexedulebebTan da problemebTan dakavSirebiT gamoiTqva

azri, rom dasabalansebelia Statebi; saWiroa kadrebis Semcireba da

funqc-iaTa gazrda. gamoTqmuli Sexedulebebs mivyevarT im daskvnamde, rom

Tanam-SromelTa umravlesoba ar aris mTlianobaSi kmayofili misi

funqciebis raodenobis mxriv, rac, Cemi azriT, TanamSromlis demotivaciis

erT-erT winapirobad SeiZleba iqces.

IV.3. kadrebis kvalificireba _ trening-seminarebi

rogori idealuric ar unda iyos esa Tu is kanonmdebloba, nebismieri

normatiuli aqti, rogor mimzidveladac ar unda iyos Camoyalibebuli da

awyobili ama Tu im organizaciis struqtura, yovelive butaforiad iqceva,

Tu ar iqneba am yvelafris sisruleSi momyvani Zala _ kvalificiuri

kadri. Cemi azriT, adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis muSaobis araefeqturobis

erT-erTi mizezi sworedac rom am mimarTulebiT gatarebuli araswori

politikis Sedegia. gamokiTxul TanamSromelTa didma nawilma, aseve

aparatis xelmZRvanelebma upirveles problemaTagan daasaxeles kadrebis


zrdisa da kvalifikacirebis problema, aseve aRiniSna, rom arsebobs Zveli

azrovnebis mentaliteti, axleburad azrovnebis nakleboba, Tumca es bolo

Sexeduleba mxolod 3 respodentma gamoxata, rac garkveulwilad SeiZleba

simarTlesTan axlos iyos, radgan gamokiTxulTa 75% sabWoTa periodidan

moyolebuli muSaobs saxelmwifo struqturaSi da savsebiT SesaZlebelia,

rom adgili hqondes Zveli azrovnebis dRemde inerciiT moRwevas.

ismis kiTxva: rogor SeiZleba am problemis mogvareba?

pirvel rigSi es unda iyos gamgeobis xelmZRvanelobis survili. rac

Seexeba konkretul nabijebs: erT-erT gadamwyevt saSualebad am

mdgomareobidan gamosvlisa miCneulia TanamSromelTaTvis treningseminarebis

Catareba, kvalifikaciis asamaRlebeli kursebze gagzavna,

praqtikuli gamocdilebebis gaziareba da a.S. sajaro momsaxureTa

kadrebis stabiluroba sajaro samsaxuris erT-erTi principia. ramdenad

sruldeba es principi? amis gasrkvevad respodentebs davusvi kiTxva: Tu

gagivliaT kvalifikaciis asamaRlebeli kursebi an trening-seminarebi?

razec Semdegi suraTi miviReT:

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6

4

2

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gldani-

naZaladevi

mTawminda-

krwanisi

vake-saburTalo

ki

ara

kmayofili

ukmayofilo

gamokiTxulTa saerTo raodenobidan aRniSnulze dadebiTi pasuxi

gasca 14-ma. aRniSnul TanamSromlebs daesvaT damatebiTi kiTxvebi: ra

periods moicavda es kursebi da Tu arian kmayofilebi? pasuxebis Sedegad

gairkva, ro es ZiriTadad moklevadiani _ 3-4 dRiani trening-seminarebi

iyo, Tumca iyo 10 dRiani (2SemTx.) da 1 Tviani (2SemTx.) kursebic. aseve

pasuxebma aCvenes, rom kursgavlilTa 70% ukmayofilo iyo, radgan maTi

azriT miRebul codnas praqtikaSi ver gamoiyenebdnen, xolo is 30%,

romelTac kmayofileba gamoxates, ZiriTadad monawile iyo ekonomikuri

mimarTulebiT Catarebuli trening-seminarisa. aseve kiTxvaze _ Tu xedaven

Sedegs seminarebSi monawile TanamSromlebze, apartis xelmZRvanelebmac

kmayofileba mxolod ekonomikuri saxis seminarebSi monawileTa mimarT


gamoxates. maTgan gairkva, rom trening-seminarebis dagegmvis sakiTxebs

q.Tbilisis meria wyvets.

yovelive aqedan gamomdinare mimaCnia, rom treningebis dagemvis

procesSi CarTuli unda iyos yvela gamgeoba da unda moxdes winaswari

gamokiTxva TanamSromlebisa, Tu ra kuTxiT isurvebdenen maT Catarebas.

yovelive es xels Seuwyobs, rogorc TanamSromelTaA kvalifikaciis

amaRlebas, aseve konkretuli trening-seminaris efeqturobas. problemebze

saubrisas TanamSromlebma aRniSnes,rom, samwuxarod, ar xdeba axlgazrda

kadrebis zrda. am mdgomareobidan erT-erT gamosavlad mimaCnia

saqarTvelos sazogadoebriv saqmeTa institutisa da msgavsi

saswavleblebis rolis wamoweva kadrebis kvalifikacirebis mimarTulebiT.

IV.4. kadrebisAmotivacia

optimaluri sakadro politikis gatarebisaTvis udidesi mniSvneloba

aqvs personalis motivaciis gaTvaliswinebas, radgan TanamSromelTa

SesaZleblobebi da motivacia unda emTxveodes samuSaos moTxovnebs da mis

mier SeTavazebul jildoebs.

rogor mdgomareobaa am kuTxiT Tbilisis raionul ganmgeobebSi?

aRsaniSnavia, rom saqarTvelos kanonis “sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb”,

74-e muxliT dawesebulia sajaro mosamsaxuris waxalisebis Semdegi

formebi:

1. madlobis gamocxadeba;

2. erTdrouli fuladi jildo;

3. fasiani saCuqriT dajildoeba;

4. Tanamdebobrivi sargos Tanrigis amaRleba.

32 gamokiTxulidan mxolod erTi aRmoCnda, romelsac waxalisebis

formiT erTdrouli fuladi jildo gadaeca iubilesTan dakavSirebiT.

gasagebia, rom gamgeobebs garkveuli finansuri problemebi aqvT,

magram “madlobis gamocxadeba”, namdvilad ar SeiZleba iyos finansur

problemasTan dakavSirebuli, anu xom SeiZleba waxalisebis, Tundac,

marto am formis gamoyeneba, rac TanamSromlis motivacias SesamCnevad Tu

ara, garkveulwilad mainc aamaRlebs.

rac Seexeba finansur waxalisebas. aRniSnuli gamgeobebis yvela

TanamSromeli iRebs yovelkvartalur fulad danamats erTi Tvis


xelfasis odenobiT. aseve, TanamSromlebi iReben fiqsirebul fulad

danamats wlis ganmavlobaSi 4-jer (Sobis, aRdgomis, mariamobis, giorgobis

dResaswauleb-ze) da amisaTvis biujetSi TiToeul TanamSromelze,

ganurCevlad Tanamde-bobrivi rangisa, gamoyofilia garkveuli Tanxa.

TavisTavad es xelmZRva-nelobis mxridan dadebiTi gadadgmuli nabijia,

magram SevxedoT am konkre-tul SemTxvevas meore mxridan. TanamSromlis

motivirebis erT-erT gamov-lenad iTvleba is, rom misi wvlili Sefasdes

adekvaturad, aq ki vxvdebiT sapirispiros _ aris fiqsirebuli daxmareba

yvela TanamSromelze, miuxedavad misi Tanamdebobrivi mdgomareobisa da

Sesrulebuli samuSaos xarisxisa, rac SeiZleba TanamSromlis

demotivaciis mizezic gaxdes. amitom, marTebuli iqneba fuladi danamatis

gacema diferencirebuli saxiT, anu mieces yvelas, orond Sesrulebuli

samuSaos, sirTulis, xarisxis – e.i. damsaxurebis mixedviT.

ra mdgomareoba waxalisebis sapirispiro formis disciplinaruli

pasuxismgeblobis zomebis gamoyenebis mxriv? gamokiTxvam aCvena , rom

mTlianobaSi aseTi 8 SemTxveva iyo, romelTa mimarT gatarebuli iyo

kanoniT gansazRvruli pasuxismgeblobis yvela forma, garda samsaxuridan

gaTavisuflebisa.

umTavresi instrumenti ki, rac personals motivaciis grZnobas

aumaRlebs, aris is Tu rogor SromiTi gasamrjelo (xelfasi) aqvs. am

mimarTulebiT mdgomareobis dasadgemad respodentebma SekiTxvas –

kamyofilni xarT Tu ara Tqveni SromiTi gasamrjeloTi? – pasuxi

Semdegnairad ganawilda: kmayofili – 5, ukmayofilo _ 27. raionebis

mixedviT pasuxebi Semdegnairad gadanawilda:

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gldani-naZaladevi mTawminda-krwanisi vake-saburTalo

aseve ukmayofleba gamoTqva Tavis gasamrjeloze aparatis samive

xelmZRvanelma. aqedan gamomdinare, uneblied gaCnda kiTxva: Tu xarT

ukmayofilo anazRaurebisa, ra aris mizezi, an stimuli Sesabamis

Tanamdebobaze muSaobisa? pasuxebi Semdegnairia: alternativis uqonloba,

ki

ara


anu “umuSevrobas sjobia” (15), intersi (7), momavlis perspeqtiva-kariera (4),

sazogadoebasTan urTierToba (4), praqtikuli gamocdilebis SeZena (4) da

Cveuleba(2).

aseve dasmuli iqna damatebiTi kiTxvebi:

1. kerZo dawesebulebidan ukeTesi samuSao pirobebis SemoTavazebis

SemTxvevaSi datovebdiT Tu ara dRevandel Tanamdebobas?

2. Tanabar samuSao pirobebSi romels airCevdnen _ sajaro Tu kerZo

dawesesebulebas?

pirvel SemTxvevaSi erTi respodentis garda yvelam aRniSna, rom

miiRebda kerZo dawesebulebis winadadebas, xolo meoreSi ki absoluturi

umravlesoba aRniSnavs, rom Tanabar pirobebSi sajaro samsaxurs

airCevdnen. is 5 TanamSromeli ki, romelnic kmayofilni iyvnen

anazRaurebiT, mizezad mxolod asaxelebs, rom ar qonas sjobia, rac maT

ukmayofiloTa jgufs aaxlovebs.

Znelia iseT pirobebSi, roca TanamSromelTa udidesi nawili

ukmayofiloa arsebuli anazRaurebiT, isaubro mmarTvelobiTo organos

efeqtur funqcionirebaze.

TanamSromelTa nakleb motivirebaze miuTiTebs Semdegi faqtic:

kiTxvaze _ “Tu migimarTavT xelmZRvanelobisadmi raime iniciativiT?” _

dadebiTi pasuxi mxolod eqvsia, aqedan or SemTxvevaSi iniciativa

mxardaWerili iqna, 4 – uaryofili. am SemTxvevaSi, TanamSromlis

demotivirebaSi didi “wvlili” xelmZRvanelobas miuZRvis, rac kidev ufro

daadastura Semdegi kiTxvis pasuxma: rogor moipovebT TqvenTvis

aucilebel samsaxurebriv informacias? gamikiTxulTagan 19-ma (60%)

aRniSna, rom es xdeba xelmZRvanelobis CareviT. rac iniciativasTan

dakavSirebul mdgomreobasTan erTad miuTiTebs imaze, rom gamgeobebSi

arsebobs vertikaluri komunikaciis mxolod zevidan qveviT mimarTuleba,

da ara piriqiT. SedarebiT kargi mdgomareobaa am mxriv funqcionaluri

ganyofilebebis xelmZRvanelebs Soris urTierTobaSi, rac horizontaluri

komunikaciis normaluri formiT arsebobaze miuTiTebs. aRniSnul kiTxvaze

pasuxebi gamgeobebis mixedviT Semdegnairad miviReT:


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6

4

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gldani-

naZaladevi

mTawminda-

krwanisi

vake-

saburTalo

xelmZRvanelobisgan

situaciis mixedviT

motivaciis naklebobaze miuTiTebs is faqtis, rom piradi gancxadebis

safuZveleze, bolo periodSi, saerTo jamSi, 9 TanamSromelma datova

samsaxuri, romlis mizezi, umetes SemTxvebaSi, anazRaurebiT gamowveuli

ukmayofilebaa.

moxeleTa motivaciaze garkveul daRs asvams aseve, Tanamdebobrivi

winsvlis problema. rogorc zemoT ukve avRniSneT, mxolod erT

SemTxvevaSi hqonda adgili dawinaurebas, rac ganpirobebuli iyo

gamgeobaTa gareTia-nebiT - mTavari specialisti dainiSna reformis

Sedegegad Camoyalibebul erT-erTi funqcionaluri ganyofilebis

xelmZRvanelad.

gamokiTxvisas TanamSromlebis mxridan gamoiTqva Sexedulebebi

gamgeobebSi arsebul iseT problemebze, rogoricaa: TanamSromelTa miRebisa

da dawinaurebis procedures gaumWirvaloba, eTikuri normebis dacva,

kanonmdeblobis ar codna, teqnikuri uzrunvelyofa da sxva.

Tavi V. kvlevis Sedegebi da rekomendaciebi

Catarebulma kvlevam samive raionSi identuri, sakadro politikis

efeqturobisaTvis saWiro iseTi problemebi warmoaCina, rogoricaa:

samsaxurSi miRebisaTvis saWiro kriteriumebis ararseboba, kadrebis

zrdisa da kvalifikacia-profesionalizmis problema, dawinaurebisa da

motivaciis Tanamedrove da efeqturi meTodebisa da dedaqalaqis raionuli

gamgeobis aparatTa erTiani struqturis uqonloba, problemaTaA

gamovlenis mizniT kvlevaTi samuSaoebis ar Catareba. aqve aRvniSnav, rom

samive gamgeobis TanamSromelTa mxridan kmayofileba gamoiTqva aRniSnuli

mimarTulebiT kvlevis Catarebaze, radgan, maTgan miRebuli inforamaciiT,

maTi muSaobis periodSi es pirveli SemTxvevaa.


kvlevis Sedegad gamovlenili problemebis mogvarebis mizniT saWiroa:

1. SemuSavdes da miRebul iqnas q. Tbilisis raionis gamgeobaTa

aparatebis erTiani – tipiuri debuleba, sadac detalurad iqneba

gaSifruli Statebis funqciebi da uflebamosileba;

2. TanamSromelTa miRebisas dainergos konkursis forma, ganisazRvros

Sesabamisi kriteriumebi; agreTve moxdes samsaxurSi miRebisa da

dawinaurebis procesis sajarooba;

3. moxdes trening-seminarebisa da kvalifikaciis asamaRlebeli

kursebis dagegmva Tanamedrove moTxovnilebaTa Sesabamisad da am

procesSi gaTvaliswinebuli iqnas TanamSromelTa Sexedulebebi da

interesebi;

4. moxdes “sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb” saqarTvelos kanoniT

gansazRvruli waxalisebis formebis regulireba da SromiTi

gasamrjelos optimizacia, amasTan fuladi danamatebis gacema

moxdes diferencirebuli saxiT – Sesrulebuli samuSaos sirTulisa

da xarisxis mixedviT;

5. gadawyvetilebis miRebis procesSi CarTulni iqnan TanamSromlebi da

gaTvaliswinebul iqnas maTi mxridan SemoTavazebuli iniciativa;

6. SemuSavdes da miRebul iqnas sajaro-administraciuli eTikis

kodeqsi;

7. sakadro politikis gaumjobesebis mizniT periodulad moxdes

kvleviTi samuSaoebis Catareba, romelSic mmarTvelobiTi organoebis

waromomadgenlebTan erTad monawileobas miiReben adgilobrivi da

saerTaSoriso sazogadoebrivi da kvleviTi organizaciebi.

daskvna

yovelive zemoT aRniSnuli problemebi mniSvnelovan moqmedebs

raionis gamgeobebis sakadro politikis efeqturobaze, rac pirdapir

gavlenas axdens mTlianad, q. Tbilisis mmarTvelobiTi organoebis

funqcionirebis xarisxze, Tumca yovelive amis Secvla ukeTesobisaken

absoluturad SesaZlebelia, Tuki gaTvaliswinebuli da ganxorcielebuli

iqneba kvlevis Sedegebidan gamotanil daskvnebze Camoyalibebuli

rekomendaciebi.


gamoyenebuli literatura:

1. saqarTvelos kanoni “saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis _ Tbilisis Sesaxeb”

_ 1998 w. 20 Tebervali;

2. saqarTvelos kanoni “sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb” _ 1997 w. 31

oqtomberi;

3. saqarTvelos prezidentis brZanebuleba #685 “saqarTvelos

dedaqalaqis _ q. Tbilisis meriis debulebis damtkicebis Sesaxeb” _

1998 w. 10 dekemberi;

4. gldani – naZaladevis, mTawminda – krwanisisa da vake – saburTalos

gamgeobis aparatTa debulebebi;

5. “adamianuri resursis menejmenti“ _ dafinansebulia fondi “evrazia”s

mier. 1999 w. red: i. kutalaZe

6. “menejmentis safuZvlebi” _ adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis programis

saleqcio kursi . saqarTvelos sazogadoebriv saqmeTa instituti

2002w. Semdgeneli: e. jiblaZe.

7. “saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis inglisur – qarTuli leqsikoni” –

saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis institutes kursdamTavrebulTa

asociacia. Tbilisi 2000 w.


kiTxvari # 1

kiTxvari aparatis TanamSromlenisaTvis (ganyofilebebis

xelmZRvanelebi, mT.specialistebi da specialistebi)

1. ra formiT moxda Tqveni samsaxurSi miReba: daniSvana, konkursi,

atestacia, sxva samsaxuridan gadmoyvana da a.S.?

2. Tu gagivliaT kvalifikaciis asamaRlebeli kursi , an treningseminari

(vis mier iqna Catarebuli, Sinaarsi, vada ; kmayofolebi

iyvnen Tu ara) ?

3. xelmZRvanelobisagan Tu yofila waxalisebis SemTxveva (madloba,

erTdr. fuladi daxmareba, sargos momateba an sxva), an piriqiT

disciplinaruli sasjeli gatarebuli( Tu ki, ra formiT) ?

4. kmayofilni xarT Tqveni SromiTi gasamrjeloTi – xelfasiT ( Tu

ara, ra aris mizezi, an stimuli Sesabamis Tanamdebobaze muSaobisa?

kerZo dawesebulebidan ukeTesi samuSao pirobebis SemoTavazebis

SemTxvevaSi datovebdiT Tu ara dRevandel Tanamdebobas? Tanabar

samuSao pirobebSi romels airCevdnen _ sajaro Tu kerZo

dawesesbulebas?) ?

5. rogor moipovebT TqvenTvis saWiro samsaxurebriv informacias ?

6. Tu migimarTavT raime iniciativiT xelmZRvanelobisadmi (Ty ki,

ramdenad gaziarebuli da dakmayofilebuli iqna) ?

7. Tqveni Sexedulebebi aparatis problemebTan dakavSirebiT?


SeniSvna: frCxilebSi miTiTebulia damatebiTi kiTxvebi

kiTxvari # 2

kiTxvari apartis ufrosebisaTvis:

!. ra kriteriumebiT xdeba TanamSromelTa miReba da dawinaureba?

2. Tu momxdara TanamSromelTa miReba konkursis wesiT?

3. xdeba Tu ara TanamSromelTaTvis trenig-seminarebisa da kvalifikaciis

asamaRlebeli kursebis dagegmva?

4. Tu gauvliaT TanamSromlebs trenig-seminarebisa da kvalifikaciis

asamaRlebeli kursebi( Tu ki, xedavT Tu ara Sedegs)?

5. Tu momxdara TanamSromelTa waxaliseba, an disciplinaruli

pasuxismgebloba( Tu ki, ra formiT)?

6. Tu gyavT TanamSromlebi ayvanili xelSekrulebiT?

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