ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

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ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

airis analizis dros aucileblad unda davicvaT

STanTqmis aRwerili Tanamimdevroba, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi

analizis Sedegebi swori ar iqneba.

airis Semadgeneli komponentebis STanTqmis damTavrebis

Semdeg iwyeben wyalbadisa da naxSirwyalbadebis

analizs. amisaTvis aReben a, b da d onkanebs, aerTeben savarcxels

da sazom biurets yulfTan, romelSic moTavsebulia

spilenZis oqsidi; aReben agreTve STamnTqmeli

WurWlis 5 onkans. specialur sadgarze damagrebuli

mila eleqtroRumlis saSualebiT yulfs acxeleben

270-300 0 C-mde. saWiro tempeaturis miRwevis Semdeg airi

sazomi biuretidan nela gadahyavT KOH-ian WurWel-

Si da ukan (6-10-jer). yoveli 3-4 gadayvanis Semdeg

amowmeben airis moculobas.

yulfSi wyalbadi iwvis da gardaiqmneba wylad;

nawilobriv aRdgeba CuO:

CuO + H2 → Cu + H2O.

yulfis sruli gacivebis Semdeg zomaven darCenili

airis moculobas. airis moculoba mcirdeba damwvari

wyalbadis moculobis Sesabamisi sididiT. Semdeg

yulfs acxeleben 850-900 0 C-mde da darCenil airs gaatareben

masSi 10-15 sm3/wT siCqariT mudmivi moculobis

miRebamde. airi gadahyavT KOH-ian WurWelSi najeri naxSirwyalbadebis

wvis Sedegad warmoqmnili CO2-is STasanTqmelad:

CH4 + 4CuO → CO2 + 2H2O + 4Cu.

amis Semdeg Rumels moxsnian da yulfs aciveben;

magram aseT maRal temperaturaze SesaZlebelia CuO-s

51

disociacia Jangbadis gamoyofiT, amitom cdomilebis Tavidan

asacileblad airs atareben pirogalolis tutexsnarian

WurWelSi mosalodneli gamoyofili Jangabadis

STasanTqmelad; mxolod amis Semdeg gazomaven darCenili

airis moculobas. moculobis Semcireba tolia STanTqmuli

CO2-is raodenobisa, rac Seesabameba saanalizo

airSi Semavali meTanis an sxva najeri naxSirwyalbadebis

raodenobas.

52

airis simkvrivis gansazRvra

airadi nivTierebis simkvrives sazRvraven airis

piknometriT (evakuirebuli kolba), an gamodevnis meTodiT.

pirvel SemTxvevaSi winaswar wonian piknometrs,

amisaTvis mas Ria onkaniT SeaerTeben vakuum-tumbosTan;

haeris gamotumbvis Semdeg gadaketaven ventils, piknometrs

gamorTaven tumbosagan. evakuirebul piknometrs

wonian analizur sasworze. Semdeg mas avseben sakvlevi

airiT. amisaTvis piknometrs aerTeben biuretTan da airi

gadahyavT biuretidan piknometrSi damwnevi WurWlis sa-

SualebiT, manam sanam wneva orive WurWelSi ar gautoldeba

atmosferuls. amis Semdg piknometrs gamorTaven

biuretidan da kvlav awonian. airis simkvrives angariSoben

formuliT:

ρ

G − G

[ ]

2 1 = ⋅1000, g/l

V0

sadac G1 aris evakuirebuli piknometris masa, g;

G2 - airiT savse piknometris masa, g;

V0 - airis moculoba normalur pirobebSi, sm 3 .

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