ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

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ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

A – atomuri wona. an ionis masa,Ag.

n – ionis valentoba;

F – faradeis ricxvi, romelic Seesabameba eleqtrobis

im raodenobas, romelic unda gatardes

eleqtrolitSi erTi gram-ekvivalenti nivTierebis

(A/n) gamosayofad; F = 96500 kuloni/g-ekv,

an 26,8 amp-sT/g-ekv;

E – eleqtroqimiuri ekvivalenti, anu nivTierebis

gramebis raodenoba, romelic gamoiyofa eleqtrolitSi

erTi amper-saaTi eleqtrobis gavlis

dros : E = A ;

nF

NaOH-isaTvis E = 1,492 g/amp-sT.

produqtis faqtobrivad miRebuli raodenoba G pr

ganisazRvreba kaToduri xsnaris koncentraciisa da

raodenobis mixedviT:

G pr = CNaOH·Vk,,

sadac CNaOH aris NaOH-is koncentracis kaTolitSi,

g/dm 3 ;

Vk,, - xsnaris moculoba kaTodur sivrceSi.

a⋅k⋅0,004⋅1000 CNaOH

=

,

b

sadac a aris kaTolitis aRebuli raodenobis gatitvraze

daxarjuli 0,1 n HCl-is raodenoba, sm3 ;

k – xsnaris normalobis Semasworebeli koeficienti;

b – gasatitrad aRebuli kaTolitis raodenoba,

sm3 ;

63

0,004 - NaOH-is g-ebis raodenoba, romelic

Seesabameba 1 sm 3 0,1 n HCl-s.

anodur areSi OH - -ionebis mniSvnelovani difuziisa

da meoreuli procesebis mimdinareobis gamo laboratoriuli

tipis perioduli moqmedebis abazanebisaTvis

denis mixedviT gamosavali naklebia, vidre ganuwyveteli

moqmedebis aparatebSi da mxolod 75-80%-s aRwevs.

denis mixedviT qloris gamosavals anoduri sivrcis

airis analizis Sedegebis mixedviT sazRvraven. es

airi Semdegi komponentebisagan Sedgeba:

1. qlori, romelic warmoiqmneba ZiriTadi anoduri

procesis – ionebis ganmuxtvis – Sedegad;

2. Jangbadi, romelic gamoiyofa anodze OH - -is ionebis

ganmuxtvis Sedegad;

3. naxSiris anodebis JangbadTan urTierTqmedebisas

warmoqmnili naxSirorJangi.

airis analizs atareben ГХП-3 tipis airanalizatoriT,

romelsac aqvs sami STamnTqmeli WurWeli: I

WurWeli Sevsebulia natriumis hiposulfitis 10%-iani

xsnariT qloris STanTqmisaTvis; II WurWeli, romlis

daniSnulebaa naxSirorJangis STanTqma, Sevsebulia

kaliumis tutis 33%-iani xsnariT; III WurWeli Sevsebulia

pirogalolis tutexsnariT da gankuTvnilia Jangbadis

STasanTqmelad. airis analizis dros aucilebelia

STanTqmis Tanamimdevrobis dacva: airi sazomi biuretidan

gadahyavT jer I WurWelSi (6-8-jer) qloris

STasanTqmelad, Semdeg II-Si – naxSirorJangis STanTqmisaTvis

(6-8-jer) da, bolos, III-Si – Jangbadis STasan-

Tqmelad (15-18-jer). am Tanamimdevrobis darRveva araswor

Sedegs iZleva, radgan pirogalolis tutexsnari

naxSirorJangsac STanTqavs.

64

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