ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

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ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

II cxrili

eqsperimentuli monacemebis damuSavebis Sedegebi

cdis nomeri T, K M=CB,0/CA,0 k, m 3 ·wm - 1·kmoli -1

eqsperimentis Sedegebis damuSaveba

1. reagentebis sawyisi koncentraciebis gansazRvra

reaqtorSi A da B reagentebis Serevis Sedegad

dasawyisSi isini zavdeba sareaqcio sivrcis gadidebis

gamo. amitom sawyisi koncentraciebi CA,0 da CB,0 gansxvavebuli

iqneba amosavali reagentebis sawyisi koncentraciebisagan,

romelTa mniSvnelobebia:

CA,amos= CB,amos= 0,1 kmoli/m 3 .

Tu gamoviyenebT idealuri Serevis modelis daSvebebs

sawyisi koncentraciebis gaangariSebisaTvis, SeiZleba

Semdegi gantolebebis gamoyeneba:

C ⋅V C ⋅V

C = ; C = .

A, amos A,0 B, amos B, o

A,0 VAo , + VBo ,

B, o

VAo , + VB,0

2. ragentebis mimdinare koncentraciis gansazRvra

tutis koncentracia (CB) ganisazRvreba konduqtometrisa

da TviTCamweri xelsawyos Cvenebebis mixed-

77

viT; eTilacetatis koncentracia ganisazRvreba Semdegi

gantolebiT:

78

CA = CA,0 – CB,0 + CB.

3. qimiuri reaqciis siCqaris mudmivas gansazRvra

qimiuri reaqciis siCqaris mudmivas arasteqiometriuli

narevebis SemTxvevaSi angariSoben (8) gantolebiT,

xolo steqiometriuli narevebisaTvis – (11) gantolebiT.

miRebuli eqsperimentuli da gamoTvlili damokidebulebani

gadaaqvT F(C) =ϕ(t) koordinatebSi

agebul grafikze.

4. reaqciis aqtivaciis energiis gansazRvra

reaqciis aqtivaciis energias angariSoben (12)

gantolebiT, amisaTvis ageben grafiks lnk – 1/T koordinatebSi

da sazRvraven abscisTa RerZis mimarT wrfis

daxris kuTxis tangenss, sadac tgα=-E/R.

dasrulebuli samuSao aucileblad unda Seicavdes

srul angariSs erT-erTi cdisaTvis.

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