1. srulwlovaneba – axali SesaZleblobebi da pasuxismgeblobebi

eqe.ge

1. srulwlovaneba – axali SesaZleblobebi da pasuxismgeblobebi

10

Tamar bregvaZe, ivane petriaSvili,

nino talaxaZe, Tamar qaldani

samoqalaqo

ganaTleba

moswavlis wigni


sarCevi

Tavi 1: pirovnuli ganviTareba 7

1. srulwlovaneba axali SesaZleblobebi da pasuxismgeblobebi 8

2. drois xazi 10

3. momavlis dagegmva 12

4. strategiuli miznebi 14

5. rogor SevafasoT Cveni warmateba 15

6. praqtikumi: skolis strategiuli gegmis ganxilva 16

7. TviTSefaseba, gare Sefaseba da TviTganviTareba 18

8. ganaTlebis miRebis SesaZleblobebi 20

9-10. specializacia da profesionalizmi 24

11-12. debatebi: adamiani Tavad qmnis sakuTar momavals! 28

13. Sromis bazari 29

14. praqtikumi: viTamaSoT arCevnebi 33

15. ekonomikuri saqmianobis ZiriTadi sferoebi 34

16. SromiTi urTierTobebi 36

17. praqtikumi: SromiTi xelSekruleba 37

18. axalgazrdoba adamianiT vaWrobis (trefikingis) riskis jgufi 38

19. axalgazrdebis trefikingis msxverplad gaxdomis riskfaqtorebi 41

20. vin da rogor xdeba trefikingis msxverpli 44

21-22. kvleva: profesiis dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxareebi 48

Tavi 2: mdgradi ganviTareba 49

23. ganaTleba mdgradi ganviTarebisTvis 50

24. samoqalaqo monawileoba 52

25. dainteresebuli mxareebis analizi 54

26. ra faqtorebi moqmedebs monawileobis xarisxze? 55

27. monawileoba da motivacia 56

28-29. debatebi: gadawyvetilebis miRebaSi

dainteresebuli mxareebi unda CaerTon! 59

30. sazogadoebrivi gaerTianebebi 60

31. Tanasworoba da samarTlianoba 62

32. socialuri dacva da misi garantiebi 64

33-34. debatebi: moqalaqeTa socialuri dacva

saxelmwifos valdebulebaa! 65

35. efeqturi komunikacia 66

36. praqtikumi: aqtiuri mosmenis teqnika 70

37-38. debatebi: maRal klasebSi mSobelTa

krebebis mowyoba saWiro ar aris! 71

39. masobrivi informaciis saSualebebi 72

40-42. proeqti: jansaRi cxovrebis wesis

popularizacia skolaSi 74

43. faqti da mosazreba 75

44-45. debatebi: socialuri qselebi xels uSlis

moswavleebs swavlaSi! 79

46. konfliqtis Teoriuli safuZvlebi 80

47. praqtikumi: valdebulebebi da pasuxismgeblobebi ojaxSi 82

5


6

48-49. debatebi: axalgazrda ojaxi calke unda cxovrobdes! 83

50. konkurencia Tu TanamSromloba 84

51. konfliqtis tipebi 86

52-53. problema da misi gadawyvetis gzebi 88

54. praqtikumi: sazogadoebrivi problemebi mediaSi 92

55-56. kvleva: sazogadoebrivi azris kvleva skolaSi 93

57-59. proeqti: sazogadoebrivi problemis mogvareba 94

Tavi 3: TviTmmarTveloba da mmarTveloba 95

60. saqarTvelos saxelmwifo mmarTvelobis ganviTareba 96

61. saxelmwifos ZiriTadi niSnebi 98

62. saqarTvelos xelisuflebis Stoebi 100

63. saqarTvelos konstitucia 102

64. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTveloba 104

65. ra aris kanoni da risTvis arsebobs igi 105

66. moqalaqe da kanoni 108

67. arasrulwlovanTa danaSauli 111

68. praqtikumi: Cven viRebT kanons 113

69-70. debatebi: Tu kanoni usamarTloa, mainc kanonis

mixedviT unda moviqceT! 114

71. risTvis arseboben samarTaldamcavi organoebi

da rogor muSaoben isini 115

72-73 debatebi: kanonis dacvis saukeTso gza sasjelis simkacrea! 118

74. ra aris politika 119

75-76. saxelmwifo moxele da sazogadoebrivi kontroli 122

77. saxelmwifoTa tipebi 126

78. urTierToba sxva saxelmwifoebTan 127

79. demokratia 128

80. arCeviTi demokratia 130

81. xelisufleba da demokratia 132

82-83. kvleva: arCevanis kriteriumebi 134

84. monawileoba 135

85. informaciis Tavisufleba 136

86. gamWvirvaloba da sajarooba 138

87. demokratiuli skolis modeli da moswavlis uflebebi 141

88. adamianis Rirseba 143

89-90. praqtikumi: sasamarTlo procesis imitacia 144

91-93. proeqti: samoqalaqo ganaTleba swavla swavlebisTvis 147

danarTi 1: debatebis warmarTvis instruqcia 149

danarTi 2: kvlevis Catarebis instruqcia 157

danarTi 3: proeqtis momzadebis instruqcia 161

danarTi 4: moswavlis, mSoblisa da maswavleblis

ZiriTadi uflebebi da Tavisuflebebi skolaSi 165

danarTi 5: amonaridebi Jenevis konvenciidan 167


1

pirovnuli

ganviTareba


8

1. srulwlovaneba axali

SesaZleblobebi da pasuxismgeblobebi

imsjeleT!

Tqveni azriT, ra

garemoebebi SeiZleba

edos safuZvlad adamianis

srulwlovnad miCnevas

18 wlis asakidan? ratom

maincdamainc es asaki?

SeZlebisdagvarad moiZieT

informacia am sakiTxze.

p ipr ior vo nvu nlu i l i g agn avn ivT iaT ra er bea b a

albaT yvela Cvenganma icis, rom garkveuli asakis

miRwevis Semdeg adamiani srulwlovani xdeba.

ras niSnavs es termini? srulwlovaneba niSnavs

imas, rom am asakis adamiani ukve srulad sargeblobs

yvela samoqalaqo uflebiT da yvela samoqalaqo

valdebulebac ekisreba. saqarTveloSi

aseT asakad 18 weli iTvleba. Tumca, realurad,

srulwlovanebas ZiriTadi moqalaqeobrivi

ufleba-movaleobani ukavSirdeba, Torem araer-

Ti ufleba Tu movaleobaa iseTi, romelic saqarTveloSi

adamians gaaCnia srulwlovanebamde da

da iseTic, romelic 18 wlis asakis miRwevisas ar

warmoiSoba da amisTvis ufro meti asakia saWiro.

am Temaze dawvrilebiT informacia mocemulia

drois svetSi.

msoflios sxvadasxva qveyanaSi gansxvavebulia

srulwlovanebis asaki, Tumca umetesad 18 wlis

Sesrulebaa aseTad miCneuli. arsebobs saerTaSoriso

konvencia bavSvTa uflebebis Sesaxeb, romlis

mixedviTac, yoveli adamiani 18 wlis asakamde

iTvleba bavSvad. ZiriTadad, swored aqedan momdinareobs

msoflioSi gavrcelebuli praqtika

srulwlovanebis asakad 18 wlis miCnevis Sesaxeb.


saqarTvelos moqalaqis uflebebi drois sveti

7-18 weli SegiZliaT

damoukideblad

gankargoT is saxsrebi

(magaliTad, fuli),

romelic mSoblebma an

maTi TanxmobiT

sxvebma mogces

`saxarjod~.

14-18 weli, saWiroa Tqveni

Tanxmoba moqalaqeobis Secvlisas.

imsjeleT!

sworad migaCniaT Tu

ara ama Tu im uflebamovaleobis

warmoSoba im

asakSi, rac miTiTebulia

drois svetSi? pasuxi

daasabuTeT.

davaleba

internetis an sxva

wyaroebis meSveobiT

moiZieT informacia

sxva qveynebis Sesaxeb:

ra asaki iTvleba iq

srulwlovanebad da ra

ufleba-movaleobebi

ukavSirdeba am asaks.

dabadeba

memkvidreobis ufleba da adamianis zogadi uflebebi: sicoc-

xlis, janmrTelobis ufleba da sxva. SegiZliaT aiRoT pira-

dobis mowmoba da pasporti.

14 weli

savaldebuloa piradobis mowmobis aReba. sisxlis samar-

Tlis kodeqsiT pasuxs agebT Cadenil danaSaulze. SegiZ-

liaT muSaoba aramavne, msubuq samuSaoze.

16 weli

gaqvT qorwinebis ufleba (mSoblebis winaswari weri-

lobiTi TanxmobiT an, gansakuTrebul SemTxve-

vaSi sasamarTlos nebarTviT); SegiZliaT muSao-

bis dawyeba (maT Soris, sawarmos xelmZRvane-

lad), Tu amis nebas mogcemen mSoblebi an sa-

gangebo samsaxuri meurveobisa da mzrun-

velobis organo.

18 weli

xdebiT srulwlovani, SegiZliaT xma misceT

arCevnebSi, imuSaoT adgilobrivi TviTm-

marTvelobis organoSi sakrebuloSi, me-

riaSi, gamgeobaSi (garda sakrebulos

wevrisa da arCeviTi merisa), TviTon

wyvetT Tqveni moqalaqeobis sakiTxs,

gaqvT qorwinebis sruli ufleba. TviTon

gankargavT sakuTar qonebas. mamakacebisa-

Tvis warmoiSoba samxedro valdebuleba.

21 weli

SegiZliaT gaxdeT sakrebulos wevri,

imuSaoT centraluri xelisuflebis or-

ganoebSi.

25 weli

SegiZliaT gaxdeT deputati.

28 weli

SegiZliaT gaxdeT mosamarTle.

30 weli

SegiZliaT gaxdeT sakonstitucio sasamarTlos

mosamarTle.

35 weli

SegiZliaT gaxdeT prezidenti.

60-65 weli

sapensio asaki (mamakacebisTvis 65,

qalebisTvis 60).

9


2. drois xazi

Cveni cxovrebis gza bevr movlenasa da gadawyvetilebas moicavs. dRevandeli

mdgomareoba mniSvnelovnad aris ganpirobebuli sxvadasxva etapze

gakeTebul arCevanze. albert ainStaini ambobda, rom gamocdileba codnis

wyaroa. Cveni gamocdileba ki warsulis kritikuli analizis Sedegad yalibdeba.

adamianebi xSirad miiCneven, rom maT warmatebas an warumateblobas ramdenime

„sakvanZo“ gadawyvetileba an movlena gansazRvravs, magram mniSvnelovani

cxovrebiseuli miznebis miRwevisaTvis aseve mniSvnelovania mcire

nabijebi, romlebsac am miznebis miRwevis gzaze vaxorcielebT.

materialur da inteleqtualur resursebTan erTad, adamianis warmatebas

gansazRvravs socialuri kapitalic socialuri qselebi da jgufebi, romlebsac

Tavs mivakuTvnebT; adamianebi, romlebTanac vurTierTobT. socialuri

kapitali gamocdilebis SeZenaSi, TviTganviTarebasa da miznebis miRwevaSi

gvexmareba.

romel movlenebsa da gadawyvetilebebs

miiCnevT mniSvnelovnad cxovrebaSi?

romel socialur jgufebs miakuTvnebT

Tavs da ratom aris mniSvnelovani

TqvenTvis am jgufebis wevroba?

davaleba

imsjeleT!

nimuSis mixedviT SeadgineT drois xazi da daitaneT masze Tqveni cxovrebis

mniSvnelovani adamianebi, movlenebi da gadawyvetilebebi.

gansazRvreT, movlena Tqvengan damoukidebelia Tu Tqvenzea damokidebuli

(Tavisufali nebis gamovlinebaa); ganaTavseT movlenis aRmniSvneli wre cxril-

Si, Sesabamis svetSi.

Sesabamisi simboloTi aRniSneT dadebiTi � da uaryofiTi � movlenebi.

gadaitaneT movlenebis aRmniSvneli simboloebi drois xazze TariRebis mixedviT.

aRniSneT kavSiri movlenebs Soris isrebiT, gaaanalizeT Sedegebi:

ra urTierTkavSiria drois xazze Tqven mier datanil movlenebs Soris?

sxvadasxva dros miRebul gadawyvetilebebs Soris? romelia gansakuTrebiT

mniSvnelovani movlena?

imisaTvis, rom Tqveni drois xazi gasagebi iyos TanaklaselebisaTvis (Semdeg

gakveTilze Tqven moawyobT mis ganxilvas), daurTeT mokle da konkretuli

Txzuleba „Cemi cxovrebis gza“.

10 p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


Tqvengan damoukidebeli

movlenebi

dabadeba

Tqvenze damokidebuli

movlenebi

axali megobrebis SeZena anas

gacnoba

musikaluri konkursi

Camovayalibe

musikaluri jgufi

Tqvengan damoukidebeli

movlenebi

Ta ri Ri m o v l e n i s a R w e r a


warsuli

skolaSi Sesvla

sacxovrebeli

adgilis Secvla


konkursSi gamarjveba

konkursis

gamocxadeba

m o v l e n i s t i p i

Tqvenze damokidebuli

movlenebi

t

1995 da vi ba de �

2001 Se ve di sko la Si �

2007 Se vic va le sac xov re be li ad gi li

2007 Se vi Zi ne axa li me gob re bi

2008 gavicani ana

2010 Ca mo va ya li be mu si ka lu ri jgu fi

2011 xmis Cam we rma kom pa niam gamoac xa da mu si ka luri kon kursi

2012 Cem ma jguf ma gaimarjva mu si ka lur kon kur sSi

momavali

klipis Cawera

musikalur saswavlebelSi Cabareba


saswavlebelSi

Sesvla

klipis Cawera

t

d r o i s x a z i s S e d g e n i s n i m u S i drois es xazi Tqvenma

Tanatolma Seadgina. mas

musika uyvars. SesaZloa,

Tqven sxva interesebi da

1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2025







midrekilebebi gaqvT da

yvelaze mniSvnelovan

movlenaTa siaSi sul sxva

movlenebs SeitandiT. am

nimuSis mixedviT rveulSi

SeadgineT Tqveni drois xazi.











11


12

3. momavlis dagegmva

dagegmva Cveni cxovrebis ganuyofeli nawilia. yvelas sakuTari warmodgena

aqvs imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda icxovros, ra miznebs unda miaRwios, an,

Tundac, ra saqmeebi aqvs Sesasrulebeli dRis ganmavlobaSi. Cven vgegmavT

dRes, Tves, weliwads, ramdenime weliwads, mTel cxovrebas... ramdenime wlis

erTian gegmas xSirad strategiul gegmas uwodeben.

strategiuli dagegmva momavali problemebisa da warmatebebis prognozirebis

(gaTvlis) karg saSualebas warmoadgens. igi arsebuli (A) situaciidan

sasurvel (B) situaciaSi gadasvlisaTvis saukeTeso gzis (C) moZiebas

gulisxmobs.

strategiuli dagegmvis procesi ramdenime ZiriTad etaps moicavs. es etapebia:

situaciis analizi;

miznebis ierarqiis Camoyalibeba;

samoqmedo gegmis Seqmna;

progresis Sefasebis gegmis SemuSaveba.

arsebobs individualuri, organizaciuli da saxelmwifo strategiuli

gegmebi. SevecadoT, gamoviyenoT strategiuli dagegmvis meTodi individualuri

gegmis Camosayalibeblad uaxloesi sami wlisaTvis.

me da garemo situaciis analizi

strategiuli dagegmva situaciis analiziT iwyeba. situaciis analizi or

ZiriTad mimarTulebas moicavs: garemos analizs da sakuTari susti da

Zlieri mxareebis Sefasebas.

imisTvis, rom warmatebiT ganvaxorcieloT dagegmva, sasurvelia, kargad

gavaanalizoT sawyisi, sastarto mdgomareoba sakuTari gamocdileba,

SesaZleblobebi, susti mxareebi, garemoSi arsebuli safrTxeebi da xelis-

Semwyobi pirobebi.

yvela adamiani unikaluria. maqsimaluri warmatebis misaRwevad, unda

vicodeT ra gamogvdis kargad, riTi varT gamorCeulebi da ra unda gamovasworoT.

sakuTari Tavis obieqturad Sefaseba sakmaod rTulia, Tumca

aucilebeli. Zalian mniSvnelovania vicodeT, ra Zlieri da susti mxareebi

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


gvaqvs, rom SevZloT naklis gamosworeba da upiratesobebis

gamoyeneba.

piradi SesaZleblobebis analizTan erTad,

Zalian mniSvnelovania garemos swori Sefasebac.

garemos analizi gvexmareba, davadginoT is gare

faqtorebi, romlebmac SeiZleba zegavlena moaxdinos

Cvens saqmianobasa da gegmebze. magaliTad:

ra resursebia xelmisawvdomi garemoSi? ra

sasargeblo da saziano tendenciebia? vin SeiZleba

iyos Cveni mokavSire an mowinaaRdmege sasurveli

miznebis ganxorcielebis procesSi? garemos

Sefaseba saSualebas gvaZlevs, ar gamogvrCes

CvenTvis xelsayreli SesaZleblobebi, mzad viyoT safrTxeebTan gasamklaveblad

da sworad vimoqmedoT.

garemosa da sakuTari SesaZleblobebis gaanalizebis erTerTi

gavrcelebuli meTodi e.w. SWOT analizia.

SWOT inglisuri sityvebis abreviaturaa da ase iSifreba:

S Zlieri mxareebi (Strengths)

W susti mxareebi (Weaknesses)

O SesaZleblobebi (Opportunities)

T safrTxeebi (Threats)

davaleba

SeecadeT, SeavsoT SWOT CarCo qvemoT mocemuli nimuSis mixedviT. ganixileT

maga liTebi klasSi. cxrilis romeli punqtebis Sevseba iyo rTuli? ratom?

SWOT analizis bolo etapze SegiZliaT moifiqroT, rogor gamoiyenebT Zlier

mxareebs garemos SesaZleblobebis realizaciisa Tu safrTxeebis Sem ci rebisTvis.

an piriqiT, SesaZlebelia Tu ara garemos SesaZleblobebis gamoyeneba

Tqveni susti mxareebis dasaZlevad.

Zlieri mxareebi

ra gamogdiT kargad?

ra unikaluri resursebi gagaCniaT?

ra miaCniaT sxvebs Tqvens Zlier

mxareebad?

susti mxareebi

risi gaumjobesebaa SesaZlebeli?

romeli resursebis deficits ganicdiT?

ra miaCniaT sxvebs Tqvens sisusted?

SesaZleblobebi

ra SesaZleblobebi ixsneba TqvenTvis?

romeli tendenciebia TqvenTvis

sasargeblo?

safrTxeebi

romeli tendenciebia TqvenTvis saziano?

rogoria konkurencia?

13


4. strategiuli miznebi

mizani aris sasurveli cvlileba, romelsac gvinda mivaRwioT. miznebi

erTmaneTisgan masStabebiT gansxvavdeba. aris cvlilebebi, romelTa miRweva

drois mokle SualedSia SesaZlebeli (moklevadiani miznebi). zogierTi

mizani ki saSualovadiani an grZelvadiania.

Tu gvinda mizanmimarTulad vimoqmedoT da sakuTari cxovrebis gegma

davsaxoT, sasurvelia moklevadiani, saSualovadiani da grZelvadiani miznebierTmaneTsukavSirdebodesdaerTmaneTisgangamomdinareobdes.urTierTdakavSirebuli

miznebi kibis safexurebs hgavs, romlebsac sasurvel mwvervalamde

mivyavarT.

ganvixiloT martivi magaliTi: warmoidgineT, rom gindaT iyoT warmatebuli

adamiani (grZelvadiani mizani), rac niSnavs gqondeT sayvareli da saintereso

profesia, iyoT janmrTeli, SeqmnaT bednieri ojaxi, gqondeT saxli,

manqana da a.S. (saSualovadiani miznebi), amisTvis uaxloes momavalSi unda

izrunoT imaze, rom miiRoT kargi ganaTleba, iswavloT ucxo ena, CaeweroT

curvis wreze, daeufloT manqanis tarebas da a.S. (moklevadiani miznebi).

gegma es aris logikuri nabijebi, romlebsac erTi mdgomareobidan meoremde

mivyavarT; sxvagvarad, erTi Sedegidan meore Sedegamde, sanam saboloo

mizans ar mivaRwevT. ierarqiulad dawyobil miznebs strategiul

CarCos uwodeben.

davaleba

moifiqreT erTi an ori grZelvadiani mizani da miusadageT saSualovadiani da

moklevadiani miznebi, rogorc es nimuSSia mocemuli. SeadgineT strategiuli

CarCo. SegiZliaT daamatoT sqemas axali ganStoebebi.

saSualovadiani mizani 1

t

moklevadiani mizani 1 moklevadiani mizani 1 moklevadiani mizani 1

moklevadiani mizani 2 moklevadiani mizani 2 moklevadiani mizani 2

moklevadiani mizani 3 moklevadiani mizani 3 moklevadiani mizani 3

14 p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

t

grZelvadiani mizani 1

t

t

saSualovadiani mizani 2 saSualovadiani mizani 3

t

t


5. rogor SevafasoT

Cveni warmateba

Cven verasodes viqnebiT darwmunebulebi, rom gegmas warmatebiT vaxorcielebT

da miznebs vaRwevT, Tu ar gveqneba gegmis ganxorcielebisa da

miznebis Sesrulebis kontrolis SesaZlebloba. magaliTad, raTa davrwmundeT,

rom marTlac bednieri da warmatebuli cxovreba SeviqmeniT, unda vicodeT,

ras niSnavs iyo bednieri; ra aris kargi ganaTleba; ras niSnavs profesuli

warmateba.

miznis miRwevis sazom maCveneblebs indikatorebi ewodeba. indikatori

gvexmareba, davrwmundeT, rom mizans vuaxlovdebiT da gzas ar avcdiT. igi

gviCvenebs, rogor da ramdenadaa (ra xarisxiT) miRweuli gegmiT gaTvaliswinebuli

cvlilebebi (miznebi).

sworad Sedgenili indikatori gvexmareba:

ukeT davinaxoT sakuTari gegmis logika;

sworad gavanawiloT resursebi;

droulad da efeqturad movaxdinoT

reagireba Secdomebsa da gadacdomebze;

SevadaroT sakuTari Sedegebi sxvebisas.

qvemoT mocemulia sworad da arasworad Sedgenili

indikatorebis nimuSebi:

mizani: swavlis Sedegebis gaumjobeseba

arasworad

Sedgenili

indikatori:

sworad

Sedgenili

indikatori:

me kargad viswavli.

momavali saswavlo wlis bolos Cemi

t

niSnebis saSualo ariTmetikuli aiwevs

ori punqtiT wlevandelTan SedarebiT. t

t

indikatori unda iyos gazomvadi, miRwevadi

(realisturi), miznis Sesabamisi da droSi gansaz-

Rvruli. indikatorma unda gazomos saboloo mdgomareoba

da ara is, Tu ra gakeTda am mdgomareobis

misaRwevad.

davaleba

indikatori unda

pasuxobdes Semdeg

SekiTxvebs:

rodis? periodi,

gaTvaliswinebuli dro: ra

droSi unda iyos miRweuli

dasaxuli mizani.

ra? cvladi, elementi,

romelic unda gaizomos.

ramdeni? raodenobebSi

aRwerili mimdinare

situacia da situacia,

romelsac unda

mivaRwioT.

SeadgineT indikatorebi Tqven mier dasaxuli strategiuli miznebisaTvis.

ganixileT magaliTebi klasSi da SeafaseT gazomvadobis, miRwevadobis, mizan-

Tan Sesabamisobisa da droSi gansazRvrulobis kriteriumebis mixedviT.

15


16

6. praqtikumi: skolis

strategiuli gegmis ganxilva

moiTxoveT skolis strategiuli gegma da

moamzadeT recenzia Semdegi sqemis mixedviT:

situaciis mimoxilva

ramdenad sruladaa asaxuli strategiul gegmaSi skolis Zlieri da

susti mxareebi, garemoSi arsebuli SesaZleblobebi da safrTxeebi? ras

daamatebdiT skolis SWOT analizs? rogor fiqrobT, SesaZlebelia Tu

ara garemoSi arsebuli SesaZleblobebis gamoyeneba skolis susti mxareebis

dasaZlevad?

strategiuli CarCo

Tqveni azriT, ramdenad realisturia dasaxuli miznebi? aris Tu ara am

miznebs Soris logikur urTierTkavSiri? ramdenad Seesabameba gegmaSi

Camoyalibebuli miznebi skolis realur saWiroebebs? SecvlidiT Tu ara

gegmaSi Camoyalibebul miznebs?

indikatorebi

aris Tu ara gegmaSi Camoyalibebuli konkretuli indikatorebi miznebis

miRwevis Sesafaseblad? rogor SeafasebdiT TiToeul indikators gazomvadobis,

miRwevadobis, mizanTan Sesabamisobisa da droSi gansazRvrulobis

kriteriumebis mixedviT?

zogadi STabeWdileba

zogadad, ramdenad mogewonaT skolis strategiuli gegma? ratom?

(CamoayalibeT ramdenime argumenti). rogor warmogidgeniaT sakuTari

roli am gegmis SesrulebaSi?

organizaciis strategiuli gegma ara mxolod miznebis dasaxvisa da

warmatebis Sefasebis instrumentia, aramed reklamirebis kargi saSualebac.

riTia es organizacia gamorCeuli sxva analogiuri organizaciebisagan?

romel ZiriTad faseulobebs eyrdnoba misi funqcionireba? ra ganapirobebs

am organizaciis mdgradobas? ras miiCnevs es organizacia sakuTar warmatebad?

am kiTxvebze pasuxi Camoyalibebulia e.w. misiis ganacxadSi, romelic organizaciebis

strategiuli ganviTarebis gegmebis mniSvnelovani Semadgeneli

nawilia. misiis ganacxadi sami ZiriTadi komponentisagan Sedgeba:

xedva aRwers sasurvel idealur mdgomareobas, romlis miRwevac

surs organizacias momavalSi, romlis realizaciisaken iswrafvis;

Rirebulebebis nawili organizaciis funqcionirebis sakvanZo principebs

ajamebs;

misia ki organizaciis ZiriTad daniSnulebas asaxavs.

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


am nimuSSi saqarTvelos erT-erTi skolis misiis ganacxadi da strategiuli

miznebia mocemuli.

skolis strategiuli gegmis amonaridi

misiis ganacxadi

xedva

Cveni skola swavlaze orientirebuli sazogadoebaa, sadac yvela

iRebs pasuxismgeblobas erTmaneTis warmatebaze. igi Sedgeba patrioti,warmatebazeorientirebulidamotivirebulimoswavleebisgan

da mravalmxrivi codnis mqone, ganaTlebuli maswavleblebisagan,

romlebic moswavleebTan erTad aSeneben codnas. Cveni skola samagaliToa

rogorc saqarTvelos, ise msoflios masStabiT.

skolis sazogadoebis yvela wevri (administracia, maswavleblebi,

moswavleebi da mSoblebi) iRebs inteleqtualur da emociur siamovnebas

saswavlo procesisgan. yvela moswavlisadmi aris maRali

moTxovnebi da molodinebi. moswavleebi iZenen codnas sakuTari da

ara sxvaTa gamocdilebis safuZvelze. isini aRweven warmatebebs ara

marto swavlaSi, aramed sxva sferoebSic, ara Soreul momavalSi,

aramed skolaSi swavlis periodSi.

Rirebulebebi:

Cven gvjera, rom:

es aris sazogadoebisaTvis sasargeblo skola.

am skolaSi yvelas unda da SeuZlia swavla, yvelas aqvs potenciali.

am skolaSi yvelas SeuZlia sakuTari da sxvaTa cxovrebis ukeTesobisken

Secvla.

misia

skolis misiaa, daexmaros skolis sazogadoebis yvela wevrs piradi

da sazogadoebrivi warmatebis miRwevaSi.

ZiriTadi strategiuli mimarTulebebi:

a) Riaobis principis ganxorcieleba:

ucxo enebis gaZlierebuli swavlebis xelSewyoba; saerTaSoriso

kontaqtebis gaRrmaveba;

b) pirovnuli warmatebis maqsimizacia:

moswavleebisindividualuridajgufuriproeqtebiswaxaliseba;

angariSvaldebulebisa da Sefasebis sqemebis daxvewa;

g) axali codnis generirebis xelSewyoba:

kvleviTi proeqtebis ganxorcielebis xelSewyoba; urTierTswavlis

midgomis ganxorcieleba; inovaciebis danergva.

17


18

7. TviTSefaseba, gare

Sefaseba da TviTganviTareba

adamiani fiqrobs sakuTari qmedebebis Sedegebze, adarebs am Sedegebs

sakuTar miznebs. amgvar Sedarebas TviTSefasebas uwodeben. pirovneba

SeiZleba kmayofili iyos sakuTari TaviT an ara, daeTanxmos sakuTar Tavs an

piriqiT, hqondes `Sinagani brZola“. TviTSefaseba unda iyos swori, magram

zogjer adamiani gadametebulad afasebs sakuTar damsaxurebas, warmatebasa

da codnas aqvs gadametebuli TviTSefaseba. gadametebuli TviTSefsebis

mqone adamianebis cxovreba rTulia, isini xSirad arian „feTqebadni“, qedma-

Ralni an piriqiT, gulCaTxrobilebi, eWvianebi da a.S. xSirad xdeba sxvanairadac

adamiani gansakuTrebiT mkacria sakuTari Tavis mimarT, dabali warmodgena

aqvs sakuTar Tavze. es warmoSobs sakuTar TavSi daurwmuneblobas,

gaubedaobas da a.S. rogorc gadametebuli, aseve dabali TviTSefaseba, xels

uSlis pirovnebis ganviTarebas.

specialur xerxebsa da meTodebs, romlebsac TviTSefasebisTvis viyenebT,

TviTSefasebis instrumentebi ewodeba. SWOT analizi, romelzec ukve gvqonda

saubari, TviTSefasebis erT-erTi instrumentia.

sakuTari Tavis Sesaxeb informaciis miRebis kidev erTi gza e.w. gare

Sefasebaa. TviTganviTarebaze orientirebuli adamiani yovelTvis cdilobs,

moipovos sxvaTagan sasargeblo rCevebi Tavisi codnisa da unarebis gasaumjobeseblad.

zogadad, TviTSefaseba da gare Sefaseba TviTganviTarebis aucilebeli

pirobaa.

TviTSefasebisa da gare Sefasebis erT-erTi gavrcelebuli instrumentia

rubrikebi. rubrika aris mkacrad gansazRvruli kriteriumebisa da maTi gamoyenebis

wesebis erToblioba, romlis mixedviTac vaxdenT Sefasebas. rogorc

wesi, Sefasebis sqemebs, rubrikebs cxrilis forma aqvT. cxrilis pirvel

striqonebSi mocemulia sxvadasxva komponenti, romelTa mixedviTac xdeba

Sefaseba. svetebSi mocemulia komponentebis aRmwerebi da maTi Sesabamisi

ricxviTi mniSvnelobebi.

cxrilSi #saklaso procesSi moswavleTa monawileobis rubrikebis magali-

Tia mocemuli. msgavsi rubrikebi nebismieri procesis gare SefasebisaTvis an

TviTSefasebisaTvis SeiZleba gamoviyenoT.

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


CarTuloba

mosmenis

unari

qceva

momzadebis

done

kriteriumebi qula

4 3 2 1

moswavle Tavisi

iniciativiT

monawileobs saklaso

proceseb-

Si, svams kiTxvebs

da gamoTqvams

azrebs ramdenjermegakveTilis

ganmavlobaSi.

moswavle usmens

sxvebs saklaso

da jgufuri diskusiebis

dros.

moswavle axdens

sxvaTa azrebis,

ideebis integrirebas.

moswavle

TiTqmis arasodes

arRvevs

klasSi qcevis

wesebs.

moswavle

TiTqmis yovel-

Tvis mzadaa

gakveTilisTvis,

aqvs davaleba da

Sesabamisi masalebi.

moswavle

proaqtiulad

monawileobs

saklaso procesebSi,

svams

kiTxvebs da

gamoTqvams

azrebs erTxelgakveTilisganmavlobaSi.

moswavle

usmens sxvebs

saklaso da

jgufuri

diskusiebis

dros.

moswavle

iSviaTad

arRvevs

klasSi qcevis

wesebs.

moswavle

umetesad

mzadaa

gakveTilis-

Tvis, aqvs

davaleba da

Sesabamisi

masalebi.

situaciuri amocana

moswavle iSvia-

Tad monawileobs

sakuTari

iniciativiT

saklaso procesebSi,

iSviaTad

svams kiTxvebs

da gamoTqvams

azrebs.

moswavle ar

usmens sxvebs

saklaso da

jgufuri diskusiebis

dros.

moswavle xSirad

arRvevs

klasSi qcevis

wesebs.

moswavle iSviaTadaa

mzad

gakveTilis-

Tvis, aqvs

davaleba da

Sesabamisi

masalebi.

moswavle arasodesmonawileobsproaqtiulad

saklaso

procesebSi,

arasodes svams

kiTxvebs da

gamoTqvams

azrebs.

moswavle ar

usmens sxvebs

saklaso da

jgufuri diskusiebis

dros.

2

awyvetinebs

sxvas saubars an

xels uSlis

azris gamoTqma-

Si.

moswavle

TiTqmis yovel-

Tvis arRvevs 3

klasSi qcevis

wesebs.

moswavle

TiTqmis arasodesaa

mzad

gakveTilisT-

2

vis, ar aqvs

davaleba da

Sesabamisi

masalebi.

jami 10

warmoidgineT, rom muSaobis dawyebas apirebT TqvenTvis saintereso vakantur

Tanamdebobaze. sxva sabuTebTan erTad momaval samuSao adgilze Tqveni

samotivacio werilic unda waradginoT. samotivacio werili unda Seicavdes

Semdeg informacias: ratom dainteresdiT am vakansiiT; romeli mniSvnelovani

unar-Cvevebi da Tvisebebi gaqvT am poziciis dasakaveblad; ratom unda agiyvanon

am Tanamdebobaze Tqven da ara sxva.

TanaklaselebTan erTad SeimuSaveT saerTo rubrikebi samotivacio werilis

Sesafaseblad. sTxoveT Tanaklasels Seafasos Tqveni samotivacio werili am

rubrikebis mixedviT.

ganixileT Sedegebi klasSi. eTanxmebiT Tu ara Tanaklaselis Sefasebas? ras

SecvlidiT Tqvens samotivacio werilSi Sefasebis Sedegebze dayrdnobiT?

3

19


20

8. ganaTlebis miRebis

SesaZleblobebi

akademiuri da profesiuli ganaTleba

saqarTvelos konstituciis Tanaxmad, yvelas aqvs ganaTlebis miRebisa da

misi formis arCevis ufleba (muxli 35). sicocxlis manZilze swavlis koncefcia

gulisxmobs, rom adamians nebismier asakSi SeuZlia ganagrZos swavla

formaluri ganaTlebis sistemaSi (miiRos akademiuri an profesiuli gana-

Tleba Sesabamis saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebSi), aseve miiRos ganaTleba

araformaluri gziT daeswros sxvadasxva sawvrTnel programebs, seminarebs,

gaiaros gadamzadebis an kvalifikaciis amaRlebis kursebi.

qvemoT mocemuli sqema formaluri ganaTlebis sistemis safexurebs da

maT Soris urTierTmimarTebas asaxavs.

zogadi ganaTleba sami safexurisagan Sedgeba. es safexurebia: dawyebiTi

(I-VI), sabazo (VII-IX) da saSualo (X-XII). zogad ganaTlebas saqarTveloSi srulad

afinansebs saxelmwifo. dawyebiTi da sabazo ganaTleba savaldebuloa.

sabazo ganaTlebis safexuris dasrulebis Semdeg pirs SeuZlia airCios profesiuli

ganaTlebis an umaRlesi akademiuri ganaTlebis xazi. akademiuri

ganaTleba ufro intensiur kvleviT komponents gulisxmobs adamianebi,

romlebsac akademiuri ganaTleba aqvT miRebuli, kvlevis gziT Sesabamis

dargSi axal codnas qmnian. profesiuli ganaTlebis saSualebiT ki SesaZlebelia

sxvadasxva profesiuli unar-Cvevis aTviseba da garkveuli sferos specialistad

Camoyalibeba. magaliTad, Tu manqanaTmSemeblobas gadawyvetT,

umaRlesi akademiuri ganaTlebis xazi unda airCioT, xolo Tu zeinkloba

gsurT profesiuli ganaTlebis xazi.

profesiuli ganaTleba xuTi safexurisagan Sedgeba, umaRlesi akademiuri

ganaTleba sami safexurisgan. es safexurebia: bakalavriati, magistratura da

doqtorantura. akademiuri da profesiuli ganaTlebis TiToeuli safexuris

dasrulebisas gaicema Sesabamisi diplomi. yovel Semdeg safexurze studenti

ufro Rrma da safuZvlian codnas iZens Sesabamis dargSi an specialobaSi.

sruli umaRlesi ganaTlebis misaRebad (misi yvela safexuris gasavlelad)

ufro meti droa saWiro, vidre sruli profesiuli ganaTlebis misaRebad.

Tumca pirs SeuZlia, umaRlesi an profesiuli ganaTlebis nebismieri safexuris

dasrulebis Semdeg Sewyvitos swavla da imuSaos Sesabamisi specialobiT.

umaRlesi akademiuri ganaTlebis xazi xelmisawvdomia mxolod sruli

zogadi ganaTlebis mqone pirTaTvis. profesiuli ganaTlebis miReba ki sabazo

safexuris dasrulebis Semdegacaa SesaZlebeli.

ganaTlebis safexurebs Soris filtris funqcias xSirad gamocdebi asrulebs.

magaliTad, zogadsaganmanaTleblo skolidan umaRlesi ganaTlebis safexurze

gadasasvlelad aucilebelia erTiani erovnuli gamocdebis Cabareba.

erTian erovnul gamocdebze daiSvebian pirebi, romlebic floben sruli zogadi

ganaTlebis damadasturebel an masTan gaTanabrebul dokuments.

erTiani erovnuli gamocdebi gulisxmobs savaldebulo testirebas zogad

unarebSi, qarTul enasa da literaturaSi da ucxo enaSi. aseve, umaRlesi

saganmanaTleblo dawesebuleba awesebs erT gamocdas Semdegi arCeviTi

sagnebidan: a) literatura; b) maTematika; g) istoria; d) geografia; e) qimia; v)

fizika; z) biologia.

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


saqarTvelos ganaTlebis sistema

X-XII

VII-IX

I-VI

samedicino ganaTleba

akademiuri ganaTlebis sveti

stomatologiuri ganaTleba

doqtorantura

erTiani

erovnuli

gamocdebi

magistratura

saerTo

samagistro

gamocda

bakalavriati

saSualo ganaTleba

Sualeduri

kvalifikacia

e.e.g. z.u.*

sabazo ganaTleba

dawyebiTi ganaTleba

davaleba

skolamdeli ganaTleba

daakvirdiT saqarTvelos formaluri

ganaTlebis sistemis sqemas.

ganaTlebis romeli xazi gvaZlevs

Sromis bazarze ufro adre gasvlis

SesaZleblobas profesiuli

Tu akademiuri? SesaZlebelia Tu

ara profesiuli ganaTlebis xazidan

akademiuri ganaTlebis xazze

gadanacvleba? dasaxeT skolisSemdgomi

ganaT lebis miRebis Tqveni

gza. daasabuTeT Tqveni arCevani.

profesiuli ganaTlebis sveti

profesiuli ganaTlebis

mexuTe safexuri

profesiuli ganaTlebis

meoTxe safexuri

e.e.g. z.u.

profesiuli ganaTlebis

mesame safexuri

profesiuli ganaTlebis

meore safexuri

profesiuli ganaTlebis

pirveli safexuri

savaldebulo ganaTleba e.e.g. z.u.

erTiani erovnuli gamocdebi zogadi unarebi

wyaro: saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministros vebgverdi.

21


Tu saSualo safexuris dasrulebis Semdeg profesiuli ganaTlebis xazze

gadasvlas gadawyvetT, mxolod zogadi unarebis testi unda CaabaroT. am

SemTxvevaSi Tqven SeZlebT profesiuli ganaTlebis bolo or safexurze

Caricxvas. aseve, profesiuli ganaTlebis mesame safexuridan ufro maRal

safexurze gadasasvlelad erTiani erovnuli gamocdebis zogadi unarebis

testis Cabarebaa saWiro. erTiani erovnuli gamocdebis Cabarebis gziT,

aseve, SesaZlebelia profesiuli ganaTleb is xazidan akademiur xazze gadasvla.

bakalavriatidan magistraturis safexurze gadasasvlelad aucilebelia

saerTo samagistro gamocdis Cabareba.

umaRlesi da profesiuli ganaTlebis dasafinanseblad saxelmwifo,

garkveuli wesis mixedviT, studentebze vauCerebs gascems. magaliTad,

erTiani erovnuli gamocdebis Sedegebze dayrdnobiT SesaZlebelia 30%-iani,

50%-iani, 70%-iani da 100%-iani vauCeris miReba. vauCeris odenobas saqarTvelos

mTavroba gansazRvravs. misi gamoyeneba SeiZleba rogorc kerZo, ise

saxelmwifo saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebSi swavlisaTvis. pirs SeuZlia

gadaabaros erTiani erovnuli gamocdebi saxelmwifo dafinansebis mosapoveblad

an misi odenobis gasazrdelad.

boloniis procesi

1999 wels italiis erT-erT uZveles sauniversiteto qalaqSi, boloniaSi,

evropis 29 qveynis umaRles ganaTlebaze pasuxismgebelma ministrebma xeli

moaweres boloniis deklaracias amiT saxelmwifoebma gamoxates saerTo

mzadyofna, monawileoba mieRoT umaRlesi ganaTlebis erTiani evropuli

sivrcis Camoyalibebis procesSi, romelsac sxvagvarad boloniis processac

uwodeben.

boloniis deklaracia, upirvelesad, gulisxmobs studentebis mobilobis

(Tavisufali moZraobis) xelSewyobas. mobiloba aris studentis ufleba,

Tavad gadawyvitos, Tu romel saganmanaTleblo programaze da dawesebulebaSi

gaagrZelebs swavlas, rogorc qveynis SigniT, ise mis farglebs gareT. am

uflebis uzrunvelyofisaTvis, boloniis procesSi CarTuli qveynebi cdiloben

umaRlesi ganaTlebis sistemebis sinqronizaciasa da urTierTTavsebadobis

uzrunvelyofas.

saqarTvelo boloniis procesis wevria. umaRles ganaTlebaSi mimdinare

reformebis didi nawili boloniis procesis moTxovnebs warmoadgens.

umaRlesi saswavleblebis reitingi

umaRlesi an profesiuli saswavleblebis SerCevis procesSi potenciuri

studentebi xSirad ecnobian umaRlesi saswavleblebis reitingul siebs,

sadac saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebi an calkeuli saganmanaTleblo programebi

garkveuli kriteriumebisa da faqtorebis mixedviT aris dalagebuli.

amgvar reitingebs xSirad masobrivi informaciis saSualebebi, mTavroba

an akademiuri wreebi adgenen.

22 p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


universitetebis reitingul siebSi Sefasebis sxvadasxva kriteriumi gamov

iyeneba, amitom erTi da igive universiteti sxvadasxva reitingSi sxvadasxva

adgilze SeiZleba aRmoCndes. reitingul siebSi xSirad mxedvelobaSi miiReba

calkeul universitetebSi an programebSi mimdinare kvleviTi saqmianobis

xarisxi, studentebis arCevani, maTi warmateba da demografiuli monacemebi.

zogierTi reitingi qveynis SigniT arsebul universitetebs adarebs. amasTan,

arsebobs msoflio reitingebic.

dReisaTvis cnobilia ramdenime msxvili proeqti, romlebic miznad isaxavs

msoflios masStabiT universitetebis erTmaneTTan Sedarebas saerTo kriteriumebis

mixedviT. maT Sorisaa: e.w. Sanxais indeqsi, The Times Higher Education

World University Rankings didi britaneTi, Webometrics espaneTis kvleviTi fondis

iniciativa.

davaleba

moZebneT internetSi universitetebis reitinguli siebi da gansazRvreT, romeli

universitetebi lideroben am siebSi. Ziebis procesSi SegiZliaT gamoiyenoT

bmulebi: www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings; www.webometrics.info

warmoidgineT, rom irCevT saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebas, sadac gsurT swavlis

gagrZeleba. romels airCevT da ratom?

am kiTxvaze dasabuTebuli pasuxis CamoyalibebaSi cxrili dagexmarebaT.

SeecadeT, SeavsoT igi TandarTuli instruqciisa da nimuSis mixedviT:

CamoTvaleT saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebis ramdenime SesaZlo varianti;

CamoTvaleT ramdenime mniSvnelovani kriteriumi (maxasiaTebeli), romelTa

gaTvaliswinebac gsurT arCevanis gakeTebisas; SegiZliaT, kriteriumebs

mianiWoT wonebi (yvela kriteriumis jamuri wona 100%-s unda Seadgendes).

CawereT variantebi da kriteriumebi cxrilSi ise, rogorc nimuSSia naCvenebi;

SeafaseT variantebi TiToeuli kriteriumis mixedviT mianiWeT TiToeul

variants qula 0-dan (Zalian cudi) 3-mde (Zalian kargi) TiToeul maxasiaTebelTan

mimarTebiT. Tu kriteriumebis wonebs iyenebT, TiToeuli qula jer

kriteriumis wonaze unda gaamravloT.

CawereT TiToeuli qula Sesabamis ujraSi variantebis gaswvriv, rogorc

nimuSSia naCvenebi;

gamoTvaleT TiToeuli variantis jamuri qula (TiToeul rigSi SekribeT

miRebuli qulebi);

SeadareT variantebis jamuri qulebi (varianti, romelsac yvelaze maRali

jamuri qula aqvs, saukeTesoa).

kriteriumi 1

30 %

kriteriumi 2

25%

kriteriumi 3

15%

kriteriumi 4

30%

varianti 1 1 X 0.30 = 0.3 3 X 0.25 = 0.75 2 X 0.15 = 0.3 3 X 0.30 = 0.9 2.25

varianti 2 1 X 0.30 = 0.3 2 X 0.25 = 0.5 2 X 0.15 = 0.3 3 X 0.30 = 0.9 2.6

varianti 3 1 X 0.30 = 0.3 3 X 0.25 = 0.75 1 X 0.15 = 0.15 1 X 0.30 = 0.3 1.5

SeadareT Tqveni cxrili TanaklaselTa cxrilebs. SeimuSaveT saerTo kriteriumebis

sia saswavleblebis asarCevad. moipoveT damatebiTi informacia TqvenTvis

saintereso saswavleblebis Sesaxeb mniSvnelovani kriteriumebis mixedviT.

sul

23


24

9-10. specializacia

da profesionalizmi

saqmianobis garkveul sferoSi daxelovnebas an garkveuli mimarTulebiT

akademiuri da profesiuli ganaTlebis gaRrmavebas specializacias uwodeben.

Tanamedrove samyaroSi specializacias Zalian didi mniSvneloba eniWeba,

radgan is xels uwyobs Sromis efeqturad ganawilebas, Sromis nayofierebis

zrdas, produqtisa da servisis xarisxis gaumjobesebas.

Sesabamis dargSi eqspertuli, specializebuli codna Zalian mniSvnelovania,

Tumca specializacia ar niSnavs viwro mimarTulebis farglebSi Caketvas.

axali teqnologiebis ganviTarebasTan erTad, Tanamedrove Sromis bazari

mudmivad icvleba, Cndeba axali profesiebi da dargebi. cvalebad garemoSi

warmatebuli orientaciisaTvis adamians unda SeeZlos sakuTari codnis mudmivad

gaRrmaveba da ganaxleba, zogierT SemTxvevaSi ki profesiuli reorientacia

saqmianobis axali sferoebis aTviseba da axali mimarTulebiT specializacia.

boloniis procesSi gawevrianebasTan erTad saqarTvelom sicocxlis man-

Zilze swavlis ideis xelSewyobis valdebulebac aiRo.

Tanamedrove umaRlesi akademiuri da profesiuli ganaTlebis sistema

imgvaradaa mowyobili, rom adamians, survilis SemTxvevaSi, ar gauWirdes

mimarTuleba

agraruli

mecnierebani

dargi/

specialoba

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

qvedargi/specializacia

agronomia agroekologia, agroqimia-niadagmcodneoba, agroteqnologia,

agrobioteqnologia, mcenareTa seleqcia-genetika, mcenareTa

dacva, xil-bostneulisa da yurZnis moyvanis teqnologia,

samkurnalo mcenareebis moyvanis teqnologia, organuli soflis

meurneoba, meabreSumeobis teqnologia

veterinaria diplomirebuli veterinari (erTsafexuriani)

mecxoveleoba mecxoveleobis produqtebisa da nedleulis saqonelmcodneoba,

cxovelTa da frinvelTa moSeneba, cxovelTa da frinvelTa kveba,

iqTiologia, mecxoveleobis produqciis warmoeba

sasursaTo

teqnologia

kvebis produqtebis gadamuSavebisa da dakonservebis

teqnologia, sasmelebis teqnologia (alkoholiani, ualkoholo),

sursaTis uvnebloba, samaduRro warmoebis bioteqnologia,

subtropikuli kulturebis gadamuSavebis teqnologia

satyeo saqme satyeo meurneoba, satyeo ekologia, sanadire meurneoba,

tyeTmowyoba


ganaTlebis akademiur da profesiul xazebs Soris moZraoba da specializaciis

Secvla.

bakalavriatSi (umaRlesi ganaTlebis pirvel safexurze swavlisas) students

SeuZlia erTdroulad ori mimarTulebiT iswavlos airCios ZiriTadi

da meore specialoba.

erovnuli kvalifikaciebis CarCo

2010 wels saqarTveloSi erovnuli kvalifikaciebis CarCo damtkicda.

erovnuli kvalifikaciebis CarCo oficialuri dokumentia, romelic aRwers

formaluri ganaTlebis sxvadasxva safexurze (zogadi ganaTleba, profesiuli

ganaTleba, umaRlesi ganaTlebis sami safexuri) misaRwev ZiriTad Sedegebs.

amave dokumentSi, 10 ZiriTadi mimarTulebis farglebSi, 100-mde dargi

(specialoba) da 1000-mde specializacia (profesiaa) CamoTvlili, romlebic

SeiZleba SeiZinoT saqarTveloSi akademiuri da profesiuli ganaTlebis

farglebSi. es CamonaTvali mudmivad ivseba axali profesiebiT.

erovnuli kvalifikaciebis CarCos am amonaridSi mocemulia specialobebisa

da specializaciebis CamonaTvali saqarTveloSi erT-erTi perspeqtiuli

mimarTulebisaTvis agraruli mecnierebebisaTvis.

profesiuli specializacia

meabreSume, mebaRe (dekoraciuli mcenareebis), mebostne, mevenaxe, memcenare, meCaie, mexile,

mcenareebis damamzadebeli (samkurnalo, aromatuli), mcenareTa dacvis teqnikosi,

sakvebmwarmoebeli, melioratori (agromelioratori, hidromelioratori), pesticidebisa da

agroqimikatebis teqnikosi, sanerge meurneobis specialisti

veterinaruli momsaxurebis specialisti

kinologi, zooteqnikosi (mecxeneoba, mecxvareoba, mebocvreoba, mefrinveleoba da a.S),

mefutkre, Tevzis momSenebeli, Tevzis mrewavi, xelovnuri ganayofierebis teqnikosi, inkubaciis

operatori, mecxoveleobis nedleulis pirveladi dammuSavebeli, cxovelTa kvebis operatori,

bereitori (cxenis momTvinierebeli, mwvrTneli), cxovelebis momvleli

xil-bostneulis pirveladi gadammuSavebeli, TevzgadammuSavebeli, rZis gadammuSavebeli,

purproduqtebis mwarmoebeli, xorcproduqtebis gadammuSavebeli, yvelis mwarmoebeli,

mcenareebis gadammuSavebeli, Saqris mwarmoebeli, meRvine, ludisa da ualkoholo sasmelebis

mwarmoebeli, degustatori (Rvinis, Cais da a.S.), konditeri, mzareuli, xabazi

metyeve (tyismWreli, taqsatori), tyismcveli, tyis gaSenebis teqnikosi, tyis paTologist-

teqnikosi, monadire

25


26

davaleba

CamotvirTeT saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministros veb-gverdidan

kvalifikaciebis erovnuli CarCos dokumenti da specializaciebis CamonaTvalis

sruli varianti (CarCos danarTi #4; www.nea.ge/uploads/files1/charcho.pdf

ipoveT specialobaTa CamonaTvalSi Tqven mier arCeuli profesia. romel mimar-

Tulebas miekuTvneba igi? romeli xazis arCevaa saWiro am specializaciis misa-

Rebad akademiuris Tu profesiulis? Tqveni azriT, ra upiratesobebi da

SezRudvebi aqvs akademiuri da profesiuli ganaTlebis xazebs?

profesionalizmi da karieruli ganviTareba

bevr kulturaSi termini „profesionali“ gamoiyeneba ganaTlebuli da

kompetenturi (mcodne) adamianis socialuri statusis aRsawerad.

profesionali flobs specializebul codnasa da unar-Cvevebs Tavis

dargSi, akmayofilebs profesiuli eTikis standartebs (rogorc TanamSromeli,

partniori, kolega da sxva), pativiscemiT eqceva klientebs, aqvs

maRali motivacia da uyvars sakuTari saqme.

profesionalebi sazogadoebasa da kolegebSi ndobiT sargebloben, amitom

maTi saqmianoba garkveul moralur da eTikur pasuxismgeblobasac gulisxmobs.

davaleba

Tqveni azriT, specialuri codnisa da unar-Cvevebis garda, kidev romel mniSvnelovan

Tvisebebsa da unar-Cvevebs unda flobdes profesionali? gaerTiandiT

jgufebSi profesiebis mixedviT da CamoayalibeT Tvisebebisa da zogadi unar-

Cvevebis sia Tqveni profesiisaTvis. moaxdineT sakuTari Tavis TviTSefaseba am

Tvisebebis mixedviT (romels flobT? romlis ganviTarebas gegmavT momavalSi?).

adamianis profesiuli statusis ganviTarebis gzas sxvagvarad profesiul

karierasac uwodeben. sityva „kariera“ laTinurad (Cararia) borbliani etliT

gaWril gzas niSnavs.

bevri organizacia xels uwyobs sakuTari TanamSromlebis karierul ganvi-

Tarebas, magram yoveli adamiani mainc Tavad qmnis sakuTar karieras.

pirovnuli ganviTarebis kuTxiT, karieruli ganviTareba damokidebulia

adamianis unarze sakuTar samoRvaweo asparezze efeqturad gamoiyenos

socialuri, inteleqtualuri da ekonomikuri resursebi, gaiTvaliswinos

Tavisi fizikuri da fsiqologiuri SesaZleblobebi, sworad moaxdinos

reagireba SemTxveviT faqtorebze.

davaleba

moiZieT internetSi warmatebuli adamianebi da amokrifeT saintereso faqtebi

maTi biografiidan mozardobis periodSi. warudgineT Tqveni namuSevari Tanaklaselebs.

ratom aris mniSvnelovani es faqtebi am adamianebis biografiaSi?


es sainteresoa

joni depi

germanul enaze misi gvari „sulels“ niSnavs. depi

xSirad xumrobs am Temaze. 15 wlis asakSi jonis

mSoblebi erTmaneTs gaSordnen. swored am periodSi

gaitaca igi musikam. deps dedam aCuqa pirveli gitara,

romelzec man dakvra damoukideblad iswavla. male

depma Camoayaliba musikaluri jgufi „bavSvebi“ (ingl.

The Kids), romelic floridis Ramis klubebSi ukravda.

depis meore gataceba xatvaa. igi sakuTari musikaluri

jgufis pirveli albomis ydis avtoria.

mark cukerbergi

mark cukerbergi msoflioSi yvelaze axalgazrda

miliarderia. kompiuterebma igi jer kidev skolaSi

gaitaca. marks uyvarda kompiuteruli TamaSebis Seqmna da

programireba. erT-erTi pirveli programa, romelic markma

mamamisisTvis Seqmna, Tanamedrove sakomunikacio

programebis (messanger, skype) winaparia. am programis

saSualebiT markis mama saxlidan ofisis TanamSromlebs

ukavSirdeboda da sakuTar stomatologiur klinikas

distanciurad marTavda. markis Tanaklaselebisa da

kurselebis azriT, igi „kompiuteris Wias sulac ar hgavda“. cukerbergi kargad flobs

ramdenime ucxo enas, uyvars klasikuri literatura.

16 wlis asakSi kompaniam „Microsoft~ cukerbergs samuSao SesTavaza. markma es

SeTavazeba ar miiRo da muSaobis dawyebas harvardis universitetSi swavla arCia.

beqa goCitaSvili

beqa goCitaSvili axalgazrda jazpianistia,

romelic amJamad msoflios erTerT

yvelaze prestiJul musikalur skolaSi,

`jiliardSi~ swavlobs. igi saqarTvelos

ganviTarebisa da reformebis fondis

stipendiantia, mravali prestiJuli

saerTaSoriso musikaluri konkursis

laureati. sami wlis asakSi beqam pirvelad

moismina kit jareTis musikaluri

kompozicia, ramac biZgi misca mis interess

musikisadmi. oTxi wlis asakSi is ukve ukravda rTul musikalur kompoziciebs. rva

wlis asakSi germaniaSi beqam klasikuri musikis festivalze gaimarjva.

2008 wlis aprilSi amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saelCoSi beqas Sesruleba

amerikis saxelmwifo mdivanma, kondoliza raisma moismina, romelic Tavadac

profesionali musikosia. „beqa saukeTeso jaz-pianistia, romelic odesme

momismenia“, aRniSna kondoliza raisma. amerikis saxelmwifo mdivnisa da

saqarTveloSi aSS-is elCis daxmarebiT, beqam manhetenis musikaluri skolisa da

jiliardis skolis SesarCev konkursSi miiRo monawileoba da orive skolaSi

Cairicxa.

27


11-12

debatebi

adamiani Tavad qmnis

sakuTar momavals!

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

ixelmZRvaneleT

debatebis warmarTvis

instruqciiT:

gv. 148-155

momavlis mimarT damokidebulebas Zalian didi

gavlena aqvs imaze, Tu rogor viqceviT awmyoSi.

zogierTi adamiani Tvlis, rom warmatebas da warumateblobas,

didwilad, bediswera gansazRvravs.

Aarsebobs gansxvavebuli azric bevri ram pirad

Zalisxmevazea damokidebuli. yvelas cxovrebaSi

xdeba moulodneli movlenebi, magram momavals ara es

movlenebi, aramed maTze Cveni reaqcia gansazRvravs.

imsjeleT momavlisadmi am ori gansxvavebuli midgomis

marTebulobis Sesaxeb.


Sromis bazari

13. Sromis

bazari

aTvisebuli seqtori auTvisebeli seqtori

dakavebuli

samuSao

adgilebi

gaixsneneT!

ra aris samuSao Zala?

ra aris Sromis bazari?

ra mniSvneloba aqvs mas TiToeuli moqalaqisa da saxelmwifosTvis?

romeli saxis umuSevroba iciT?

vakansiebi

dasaqmebulebi umuSevrebi

situaciuri amocana

patara sasauzmis mTeli personali samuSaodan imis gamo daiTxoves, rom

sasauzmem quCis meore mxares axladgaxsnil restoranTan konkurencias ver

gauZlo.

sasauzmis asakovan mzareulebs, gigas da nodars, restoranSi muSaobis dasawyebad

kvalifikacia ar hyofniT, arada, TavianTi xelfasiT oriveni sakmaod did

ojaxebs arCendnen. gigas invalidi Svili, moxuci mSoblebi da diasaxlisi

meuRle hyavs, nodars studenti Svilebi. umuSevrad darCenilebma daxmarebisaTvis

dasaqmebis saagentoebs miakiTxes, Tan ganacxades, rom maTTvis nebismieri

samuSao pirobebi misaRebia da dabal xelfaszec daTanxmdebian. saagentoSi

TavianTi sakontaqto monacemebi ki datoves, magram darwmunebuli arc erTi ar

aris, rom xelaxali dasaqmeba droulad moxdeba.

aRmoCnda, rom Tavisufali samuSao adgilebi jerjerobiT ar aris. amitom

gadawyvites, xvalidan sasauzmeebis, patara restornebisa da kafeebis Semovla

daiwyon da maT sakuTari Sroma SesTavazon.

ra SeiZleba vuwodoT process, romelic samuSaodan daTxovnis Semdeg gigam

da nodarma daiwyes?

grZelvadiani iqneba Tu moklevadiani CamoTvlili pirebis umuSevroba?

romel argumentebs eyrdnoba Tqveni mosazreba?

Tqveni dakvirvebiT, rogoria dasaqmebulTa Soris asakovani da axalgazrda

specialistebis proporcia?

romel profesiazea meti moTxovna?

29


process, romlis meSveobiTac adamianebi TavianTi gemovnebisa da unaris

Sesabamis samuSaos pouloben, samuSaos Zieba ewodeba.

radgan adamianebi erTmaneTisagan moTxovnebiTa da kvalifikaciiT

gansxvavdebian, isini samuSaos survilisa da unaris mixedviT eZeben. yvela

samuSao adgili maTTvis erTnairad misaRebi ar aris.

miuxedavad imisa, rom damsaqmeblebsac da samuSaos maZieblebsac gancxadebebis

ganTavseba gazeTebSi, internetSi, radiosa Tu satelevizio morbenal

striqonze SeuZliaT, ganTavsebisaTvis saWiro xarjebis gaReba yvelasaTvis

xelmisawvdomi ar aris. amitom informacia samuSaos maZieblisa da samuSaos

Sesaxeb SedarebiT nela vrceldeba.

sabazro ekonomikis pirobebSi samuSao adgilebze mwvave konkurenciaa.

samuSaos is iRebs, visac mocemul konkretul sferoSi yvelaze maRali

kvalifikacia aqvs. maRali profesiuli unaris mqone muSakebze moTxovna

yovelTvis arsebobs, Sesabamisad, maTi anazRaurebac maRalia. mewarmeebma

ician, rom aseTi muSakebis Sromis nayofiereba maRalia (sxvebze met da

xarisxian produqcias qmnian), amitom maT ukeTes samuSao pirobebs uqmnian.

daCqarebuli teqnologiuri progresis gamo, sawarmoebi axleburi da

mravalgvari unar-Cvevebis mqone muSakebs moiTxoven. xSirad samuSao arsebobs,

ufrosi asakis adamianebs ki damqiravebelTa Tanamedrove moTxovnebis

Sesabamisi codna ar gaaCniaT: uWirT an saerTod ver saubroben ucxo enaze,

ar floben kompiuterul programebs, Tanamedrove teqnologiebs. radgan

cxovrebis winsvlam aseTi saWiroeba moitana, bevr qveyanaSi e.w. `zrdasrul-

Ta ganaTlebis programebiT~, ufrosi asakis adamianebs gadamzadebaSi, profesiis

SecvlaSi, axali unarebis ganviTarebaSi exmarebian. Tu adamians muSaobis

dawyeba surs, man sicocxlis bolomde siaxleebis Seswavlisa da profesiuli

srulyofis mzadyofna unda gamoTqvas.

30 p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a


umuSevrobas seriozuli uaryofiTi Sedegebi moaqvs rogorc ekonomikuri,

ise socialuri kuTxiT, rogorc umuSevrebisa da maTi ojaxis wevrebisaTvis,

ise mTeli sazogadoebisaTvis.

ekonomikuri danakargebi socialuri problemebi

• warmoebuli da bazarze

gatanili produqciis

raodenobis Semcireba;

• sawarmoebis mier

biujetSi sagadasaxado

Senatanebis Semcireba;

• saxelmwifo xarjebis

zrda umuSevarTa

Semweobebis gasacemad;

• qveynidan samuSao Zalis

migracia.

•cxovrebis donis gauareseba;

• Sromis bazarze konkurenciis zrda;

• Sromis anazRaurebis Semcireba;

• socialuri uTanasworobis gaZliereba;

• umuSevarTa Soris stresis, avadmyofobis,

narkomaniis, alkoholizmis, danaSaulis zrda.

• ojaxuri da sazogadoebrivi konfliqtebi;

• kadrebis diskvalifikacia;

• ojaxebis ngreva;

• saerTo socialuri daZabuloba.

socialur problemebs ekonomistebma umuSevrobis araekonomikuri

Sedegebi uwodes. xangrZlivi umuSevroba adamianebSi stress iwvevs. maTi

nawili samuSaos Sovnis imeds kargavs da samuSao adgilis Zebnas wyvets. isini

samuSao Zalidan gamoTiSulad iTvlebian, Tumca realurad muSaoba surT.

roca adamiani sakuTar qveyanaSi dasaqmebis imeds kargavs, legalurad an aralegalurad

cdilobs iseT qveyanaSi moxvdes, sadac dasaqmeba ar gauWirdeba.

dabali ekonomikuri ganviTarebis qveynebis samuSao Zalis didi nawili qveyanas

tovebs da samuSaos sxva qveynebSi eZebs. iwyeba masobrivi SromiTi migracia.

swored amitom, saxelmwifoebis umetesoba mosaxleobis ekonomikur gaaqtiurebasa

da umuSevrobis donis Semcirebaze zrunavs, rac, Tavis mxriv, ekonomikuri

progresis saSualebas iZleva. sxvadasxva samTavrobo programebi,

yovelTviuri Semweobis saxiT, umuSevrebs finansur daxmarebas uweven, xolo

dasaqmebis specialuri saagentoebi droebiT dasaqmebaSi exmarebian.

31


32

es sainteresoa

saqarTveloSi umuSevrobis dones ori xerxiT gamoiTvlian: oficialurad

registrirebuli umuSevrebis raodenobiT da saojaxo meurneobebis SerCeviTi

gamokvlevebis monacemebis mixedviT. am ukanasknelis 2010 wlis monacemebze

dayrdnobiT SeiZleba iTqvas, rom es maCveneblebi yvelaze maRalia TbilisSi 30%.

Semdeg modis is regionebi, sadac samrewvelo qalaqebia: aWara 18%; Sida qarTli

12.7%; imereTi 11.6%.

mecxre klasis masalidan gaixseneT, ras gulisxmobs konkurencia da rogor

aisaxeba igi adamianis yoveldRiur cxovrebaze?

rogor fiqrobT, ramdenad maRalia konkurencia Sromis bazarze Tqven mier

arCeul profesiul sferoSi? rTulia Tu martivi am sferoSi dasaqmeba? ra

strategias mimarTavT am sferoSi dasaqmebis Sansebis gazrdisaTvis?

davaleba

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

imsjeleT!

moiZieT internetSi uaxlesi monacemebi saqarTveloSi umuSevrobis donis

Sesa xeb. SeadareT isini wina wlebis monacemebs. rogoria tendencia? gansxvavdeba

Tu ara monacemebi sqesis, qalaqisa da soflis macxovreblebis,

regionebis mixedviT? riT axsnidiT am gansxvavebebs? informaciis moZiebisaTvis

gamoiyeneT saqarTvelos statistikis erovnuli samsaxuris veb-gverdi:

www.geostat.ge

moiZieT internetSi saiti www.hr.ge. am saitze yoveldRiurad aTobiT

gancxadeba qveyndeba sxvadasxva tipis vakansiaze. SearCieT TqvenTvis saintereso

profesia da gaecaniT damsaqmeblebis moTxovnebs. gadaixazeT cxrili

rveulSi da SeavseT.

kompaniis

dasaxeleba

sakontaqto

informacia

CV-is miRebis

bolo vada

SeadgineT Tqveni CV * Semdegi principis mixedviT:

1. personaluri monacemebi

2. sakontaqto informacia

3. ganaTleba

4. SromiTi gamocdileba, maT Soris moxalised muSaobisa

5. ucxo enebis codna

6. piradi Tvisebebi

1 (laT. Curriculum Vitae) profesiuli biografia

samuSao

ganakveTi

ZiriTadi moTxovnebi

... ... ... ... ...


14. praqtikumi:

viTamaSoT arCevnebi

umuSevroba sazogadoebis mtkivneuli problemaa. mosaxleobis gulis

mosagebad saarCevno programebSi politikosebi yovelTvis umuSevrobis

Semcirebisa da axali samuSao adgilebis garantias iZlevian, arCevnebSi

gamarjvebis Semdeg ki danapirebis Sesruleba uWirT.

imisaTvis, rom kargad gaiazroT, romeli sakiTxebis gadaWrasTan da ra

saxis sirTuleebTan aris dakavSirebuli umuSevrobis problemis daZleva,

viTamaSoT `arCevnebi~.

daiyaviT oTx jgufad. TiToeul jgufs mianiWeT nomeri daF airCieT

lideri, romelic `saqarTvelos mTavrobaSi~ mosaxvedrad ibrZolebs. jgufis

danarCeni wevrebi mas daexmarebian, moamzados `saqarTveloSi umuSevrobis

daZlevis programa~, romelsac is klasis winaSe waradgens. gamarjvebuli

kandidati modelirebul `mTavrobaSi~ moxvdeba. umuSevrobis daZlevis

programa (aranakleb Svidpunqtiani) im Tanmimdevruli RonisZiebebis

CamonaTvali unda iyos, romelTa ganxorcielebac, Tqveni azriT, xels

Seuwyobs adamianebis dasaqmebis mniSvnelovan zrdas.

gafrTxileba: Tqvens programaSi ar unda moxvdes winadadeba `samuSao

adgilebis Sesaqmnelad gavxsni bevr axal sawarmos.~ `mTavrobis wevrebi~

sawarmoebs TviTon ver gaxsnian.

prezentaciebs yuradRebiT mousmineT. dasrulebis Semdeg yvela Tqvengani

amomrCeveli xdeba. maswavleblis mier darigebul misawebebel furclebze

daawereT Tqveni jgufis nomeri. es furceli Tqvens xmas gamoxatavs. is

dafaze im jgufis grafaSi miakariT, romlis programac yvelaze metad mogewonaT

(ix. cxrilis nimuSi). ufleba ar gaqvT, sakuTar kandidats misceT xma!

Sefaseba: gamarjvebuli iqneba is kandidati, romlis programac met xmas

miiRebs, Sesabamisad, jgufis TiToeuli wevri maswavleblisagan umaRles

Sefasebas daimsaxurebs. umaRles Sefasebas miiRebs is monawilec, romelic

argumentirebulad axsnis sakuTar arCevans.

rCeva: gaixseneT, dasaqmebis ra realuri perspeqtiva arsebobs Tqvens

regionSi, romeli dargis aRorZinebaa SesaZlebeli da moamzadeT saintereso

saarCevno programebi. moifiqreT efeqturi saarCevno lozungi. gisurvebT

warmatebas!

kandidatTa programebis sademonstracio cxrilis nimuSi

№ kandidati №1 kandidati №2 kandidati №3 kandidati №4

33


34

15. ekonomikuri saqmianobis

ZiriTadi sferoebi

adamianebi ekonomikuri saqmianobis im sferos irCeven, romelic maT met

mogebas moutans. calkeuli adamianebi, adamianTa jgufebi, regionebi da qveynebic

ki gansazRvruli saqonlisa da momsaxurebis warmoebaSi ostatdebian

(specializdebian). amas saqonlisa da momsaxurebis iseTi raodenobiT gamoSvebamosdevs,racTviTmwarmoeblebissaWiroebasaRemateba.aseTSemTxvevebSi,

mwarmoeblebi zedmet produqcias sxva adamianebis mier warmoebul saqonelsa

da momsaxurebaze cvlian. sabolood yvela mogebulia.

adamianebi nebayoflobiT mxolod maSin cvlian saqonels, roca monawile

mxareebs sargeblis miRebis imedi aqvT. es marTebulia, roca vsaubrobT individebisa

da organizaciebis vaWrobis Sesaxeb, rogorc erTi qveynis farglebSi,

aseve sxvadasxva qveynebs Soris. vaWrobis procesSi monawile ori an

meti mxare gadawyvetilebas mxolod maSin iRebs, Tu sargeblis miRebis imedi

aqvs. roca erT-erTi an orive movaWre partniorisagan sargebels aRar elis

gacvla wydeba.

imsjeleT!

sakuTari dasaxlebis

magaliTze

CamoTvaleT adamianis

is saqmianobebi,

romlebic

Semosavlis misaRebad

xorcieldeba.

romeli maTgania

prioritetuli?

ratom?

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

specializacias adgili aqvs maSin, roca sameurneo

erTeulebi (individebi, firmebi, qalaqebi,

regionebi da qveynebi) erTgvarovan produqts

awarmoeben.

glexebs is produqti mohyavT, romlis

moyvana SedarebiT iolia;

regionisaTvis damaxasiaTebel havasa da

niadagSi advilad xarobs;

sxva kulturebTan SedarebiT, mosavali

didi raodenoba miiReba da iafia;

xarisxiani mosavlis miRebis gansakuTrebul

teqnologias floben da sxva.

amitom TiToeuli regioni specializdeba mxolod erTi an ramdenime kulturis

moyvanaze. arCeul dargs aviTareben, produqtis sasaqonlo saxis gaumjobesebaze

zrunaven, msxvil fermerul meurneobebs qmnian. Tu sxva glexi

bazarze Sesvlas sakuTar ezoSi moyvanili produqtis gayidviT moindomebs,

specializaciaze orientirebuli fermerebisTvis konkurenciis gaweva

rogorc fasiT, ise xarisxiT, Zalian gauWirdeba.

specializaciis dros adamianebi SezRuduli asortimentis saqonels da

momsaxurebas didi raodenobiT awarmoeben. specializacia zrdis Sromis

nayofierebas. igi xels uwyobs vaWrobis ganviTarebasac, rac aZlierebs sxvadasxva

regionis urTierTdamokidebulebas.

sawarmoo resursebi regionebisa da qveynebis mixedviT araTanabradaa

ganawilebuli. es gansxvavebebi alternatiuli Rirebulebebis * gansxvavebas

* alternatiuli Rirebuleba sargebloba, mogeba an Rirebuleba imisa, rac unda davTmoT sxva raimis

SeZenis an miRebis sanacvlod. yvela resursis (miwis, fulis, drois da a.S.) gamoyenebis bevri alternatiuli

gza arsebobs, amitom TiToeul qmedebas, arCevansa da gadawyvetilebas Tavisi alternatiuli

Rirebuleba aqvs.


iwvevs, ris gamoc specializacia da gacvla sasurveli xdeba.

TvalsaCinoebisTvis moviyvanoT magaliTi: yazbegis raionSi mecxoveleobis

ganviTarebisTvis kargi pirobebia, Tumca misi mosaxleobis raodenoba

mcirea. quTaisSi ki mosaxleobis raodenoba metia, magram saxnav-saZovrebis

naklebobaa, anu es raioni mrewvelobis ganviTarebisTvis ufro gamosadegia.

amrigad, quTaiss yazbegTan SedarebiT mrewvelobaSi absoluturi upiratesoba

** gaaCnia. ra Tqma unda, aucileblobis SemTxvevaSi, quTaisSi naxiris

moSenebac SesaZlebelia da yazbegSi fabrikis amuSavebac, magram quTaisis

raionSi mecxoveleobis ganviTarebis alternatiuli Rirebuleba samrewvelo

sawarmoebis didi danakargi iqneboda, xolo yazbegSi qarxnis aSenebis

alternatiuli Rirebuleba samrewvelo produqciis didi raodenobiT

danakargi.

amis gamoa, rom sruliad gansxvavebuli ekonomikis mqone qveynebi erTmaneTTan

vaWroben. magaliTad, indonezia, romelic yavas, Saqarsa da sasargeblo

wiaRiseuls awarmoebs, iaponiasTan vaWrobs, romelic manqanebs awarmoebs.

saerTaSoriso vaWrobis didi wili msgavsi ekonomikis mqone qveynebze anu

CrdiloeT amerikis, evropis industriul qveynebsa da iaponiaze modis. qveynebs

Soris vaWrobis ZiriTadi mizezebis asaxsnelad ufro rTuli koncefciaa

saWiro da mas SedarebiTi upiratesobis Teoria *** ewodeba.

** saerTaSoriso vaWrobis TeoriaSi qveyanas absoluturi upiratesoba aqvs, Tu is awarmoebs produqcias

(saqonelsa da momsaxurebas) ufro „efeqtianad“ (iafad), vidre sxvebi.

*** SedarebiTi upiratesoba ekonomikuri koncefcia, romlis Tanaxmad, qveyanam unda awarmoos mxolod is

saqoneli da momsaxureba, romelTa warmoebac misTvis ufro efeqtiania, vidre sxva saqonlisa da momsaxurebis

warmoeba (saeqsportod).

davaleba

gadaxedeT istoriisa da geografiis saxelmZRvaneloebs, CaatareT ojaxis

wevrebis gamokiTxva da gaarkvieT, romeli ekonomikuri saqmianobebi iyo gavrcelebuli

adre saqarTveloSi. SeadareT dRes gavrcelebul ZiriTad ekonomikur

saqmianobas da dafiqrdiT ekonomikuri saqmianobis sferoebis Secvlis mizezebze.

dawereT Txzuleba: `ra Seicvala qarTul ekonomikaSi bolo 25 wlis ganmavlobaSi?~

35


36

16. SromiTi

urTierTobebi

SromiTi urTierToba dasaqmebulisa da damsaqmeblis urTierTobas ewodeba.

damsaqmebeli SeiZleba iyos saxelmwifo dawesebuleba, kerZo kompania an

ubralod calkeuli adamiani. rac Seexeba dasaqmebuls, is mxolod adamiani

SeiZleba iyos. SromiT urTierTobebs saqarTveloSi calke organuli kanoni

Sromis kodeqsi awesrigebs. misi dacva savaldebuloa nebismieri dasaqmebulisa

da damsaqmeblisaTvis. Tumca, Sromis kodeqsis garda, arsebobs araer-

Ti kanoni Tu kanonqvemdebare aqti, romelic awesrigebs sxvadasxva sferoSi

muSaobis sakiTxebs an SromiTi urTierTobis calkeul Temebs. magaliTad,

arsebobs kanoni sajaro samsaxuris Sesaxeb, romliTac regulirdeba saxelmwifo

samsaxurebSi muSaobis wesi. aseve arsebobs, magaliTad, Sromis, janmrTelobisa

da socialuri dacvis ministris brZaneba droebiTi Sromisuunarobis

gamo daxmarebis daniSvnisa da gacemis wesis Sesaxeb da sxva. garda amisa,

sxvadasxva kanonSi aris Sesuli muxlebi, romlebic uSualod SromiT urTierTobebs

ar exeba, magram am urTierTobasTan dakavSirebul zogierT Temas

awesrigebs. magaliTad, sagadasaxado kodeqsSi asaxulia xelfasis gadaxdas-

Tan dakavSirebuli zogierTi sakiTxi. yvela es samarTlebrivi aqti, ra Tqma

unda, zogadia. yovel konkretul SromiT urTierTobas ki damsaqmebelsa da

dasaqmebuls Soris dadebuli SromiTi xelSekruleba awesrigebs, romelic

Sesabamis kanonmdeblobas unda Seesabamebodes.

davaleba

imsjeleT!

moZebneT saqarTvelos konstituciaSi

(me-2 TavSi) SromiT urTierTobebTan

dakavSirebuli muxlebi da gaecaniT.

imsjeleT TanaklaselebTan erTad,

rogor gesmiT praqtikulad maTi

mniSvneloba da Sinaarsi.

internetis meSveobiT moiZieT Sromis kodeqsi da moZebneT masSi muxlebi, romlebSic

saubaria dasaqmebulTa uflebebze. yuradReba gaamaxvileT arasrulwlovanTa

uflebebze da moZiebuli masalis mixedviT dawereT mokle Txzuleba

`SromiTi urTierTobebi srulwlovanebamde~.

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

dasaqmebulTa interesebis dacvis

mizniT, SesaZlebelia profesiuli

kavSirebis Seqmna. es aris

erTi da imave an msgavsi profesiebis

adamianTa gaerTianebebi,

romlebic sxvadasxva RonisZiebas

axorcieleben TavianTi profesiiT

dasaqmebuli xalxisTvis

SromiTi xasiaTis problemebis

mosagvareblad. profkavSiris Seqmnis ufleba erT-erTi ZiriTadi uflebaa

adamianis socialur-ekonomikur uflebaTa Soris. saqarTveloSic arsebobs

calke kanoni profesiuli gaerTianebebis Sesaxeb.

amave dros, zogierT saxelmwifo organoSi dasaqmebulTaTvis profkav-

Siris Seqmnis uflebis gamoyeneba gansxvavebulad wesrigdeba am organoTa

mniSvnelobidan da Taviseburebebidan gamomdinare. esenia sagadasaxado, saba-

Jo, sasamarTlo, prokuratura, aseve Tavdacvisa da Sinagan saqmeTa organoebi.


praqtikumis mizania iseTi SromiTi xelSekrulebis Sedgena, romelSic

SeZlebisdagvaradmaqsimaluradiqnebagaTvaliswinebulirogorcdasaqmebulis,

ise damsaqmeblis interesebi.

amisTvis saWiroa, Camoiweros ramdenime ZiriTadi Tema, romelic gaTvaliswinebuli

unda iyos xelSekrulebaSi. esenia:

risi ufleba da valdebuleba unda hqondes damsaqmebels da risi dasaqmebuls;

ra xdeba, roca romelime mxare romelime valdebulebas ar asrulebs;

rogor unda eqceodnen mxareebi erTmaneTs;

17. praqtikumi: SromiTi

xelSekruleba

rogor unda moagvaron mxareebma erTmaneTs Soris warmoSobili gaugebrobebi.

SesaZloa, Tqveni namuSevari ar iyos zustad iseTi, rogoric SromiTi

xelSekrulebaa xolme realurad. magaliTad, ver moifiqroT raime movlenis

gamomxatveli termini, teqsti dawerili iyos Cveulebrivi da ara iuridiuli

eniT, magram es nu dagabrkolebT praqtikumis miznisaTvis mTavaria Tqveni

namuSevris Sinaarsi.

zemoT CamoTvlili sakiTxebis mimarT sxvadasxvanairi damokidebuleba

aqvT xolme dasaqmebulebsa da damsaqmeblebs. amitom gaiyaviT or jgufad (an

ufro metad, moswavleTa raodenobis mixedviT). erTma jgufma Tavi warmoidginos

damsaqmeblad da moamzados zemoT CamoTvlili sakiTxebis xedva damsaqmeblis

poziciidan, xolo meore jgufma, piriqiT dasaqmebulis poziciidan.

muSaobis dasrulebis Semdeg orive jgufma moaxdineT Tqveni namuSevrebis

prezentacia.

davalebis meore etapi gulisxmobs erTiani xelSekrulebis gakeTebas.

orive mxarem rogorc `damsaqmeblebma~, ise `dasaqmebulebma~ urTierTSe-

TanxmebiT SeaerTeT Tqveni namuSevrebi da SeadgineT erTiani SromiTi

xelSekruleba, romelSic orive mxaris interesi iqneba gaTvaliswinebuli.

37


38

18. axalgazrdoba adamianiT

vaWrobis (trefikingis) riskis jgufi

adamianiT vaWroba (trefikingi) aris procesi, romelic sami ZiriTadi

etapisagan Sedgeba: gadabireba, transportireba da eqspluatacia.

adamianiT vaWroba (trefikingi) xdeba maSin, rodesac:

gvxvdeba samive etapi (gadabireba, transportireba, eqspluatacia).

samive etapi erTmaneTTan aris dakavSirebuli.

moqmedeba xorcieldeba erT-erTi saSualebis gamoyenebiT da eqspluataciis

misaRwevad samive etapi erTmaneTs ukavSirdeba.

iZulebiTi

Sroma

adamianiT vaWroba (trefikingi) aris:

gadabireba transportireba eqpluatacia

motyueba da/an

TaRliToba

p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

muqara an Zalis

gamoyeneba

seqsualuri

eqspluatacia

saSualeba

mizani

eqspluatacia

organoebis

amokveTa

Zalauflebis

borotad gamoyeneba

ymoba


adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciis

(miRebulia gaerTianebuli erebis

organizaciis mier 1948 w. 10 dekembers)

Tanaxmad, adamianiT vaWroba aris adamianis

uflebebisa da Rirsebis Selaxvis

Zalian mZime forma. sazogadod, adamianis

uflebebi SeiZleba ganisazRvros, rogorc

uflebebi, romelTa gareSe SeuZlebelia

Tavi civilizebul pirovnebad igrZno.

es uflebebi da ZiriTadi Tavisuflebebi

adamians aZlevs srulfasovani ganviTarebis,

adamianuri faseulobebisa da niWis gamoyenebis saSualebas.

deklaraciis me-3 muxli miuTiTebs, rom `yovel adamians aqvs

sicocxlis, Tavisuflebisa da piradi xelSeuxeblobis ufleba~.

adamianiT vaWroba (trefikingi) safrTxes uqmnis adamianis

usafrTxoebasa da sicocxles.

deklaraciis me-4 muxli iTvaliswinebs, rom `aravin unda imyofebodes

monobaSi an ZalmomreobiT morCilebis mdgomareobaSi.

yvela saxis monoba da monaTvaWroba akrZalulia~; es muxli,

arsebiTad, krZalavs swored adamianiT vaWrobas, vinaidan bevr

saerTaSoriso dokumentSi adamianiT vaWroba ganmartebulia,

rogorc monoba, an gaTanabrebulia monaTvaWrobasTan.

deklaraciis me-5 muxlSi xazgasmulia, rom `aravis mimarT ar

unda iqnas gamoyenebuli wameba an sastiki, araadamianuri Tu

misi Rirsebis damamcirebeli mopyroba da sasjeli~. sazogadoebaSi

arsebobs azri imis Sesaxeb, rom adamianiT vaWrobis

(trefikingis) msxverpli, iqneba es kaci Tu qali, romelic ai-

Zules Cabmuliyo prostituciaSi an sxva iZulebiTi saxis samuSaoSi,

Tavad aris damnaSave, radgan icoda, ra eloda. adamianiT

movaWreebi adamians epyrobian rogorc nivTs, saqonels

da motyuebiT, SantaJiTa da iZulebiT arTmeven mas adamianis

ZiriTad uflebas Tavad airCios sakuTari cxovrebis gza.

39


es sainteresoa

40 p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

miuxedavad imisa, rom bevri saerTaSoriso dokumenti

gmobda adamianiT vaWrobas, am danaSaulis

ganmsazRvreli terminis ganmarteba pirvelad

2000 wlis noemberSi miiRo gaerTianebuli

erebis organizaciam transnacionaluri organizebuli

danaSaulis winaaRmdeg konvenciis

oqmSi `adamianebis, gansakuTrebiT qalebisa da

bavSvebis trefikingis Tavidan acilebis, aRkve-

Tisa da dasjis Sesaxeb~.

konvenciasa da mis or oqms xeli moawera

saxelmwifoTa umravlesobam 2000 wlis dekemberSi

gamarTul umaRlesi donis konferenciaze

italiaSi, palermoSi. amitom am dokuments

sxvagvarad palermos oqmsac uwodeben, Tavad

konvencias ki palermos konvencias.

am dokumentis mixedviT, adamianiT vaWroba (trefikingi) Semdegnairad ganisazRvra:

a) `adamianiT vaWroba~ eqspluataciis mizniT pirovnebis gadabireba, gadayvana,

gadamalva an miReba daSinebiT an sxva saxis ZaladobiT gatacebiT, TaRliTobiT,

motyuebiT, Zalauflebis an Seqmnili situaciis borotad gamoyenebiT, an mosyidviT,

raTa miRebul iqnes pirisagan Tanxmoba moeqces sxva piris kontrolis qveS. eqspluataciis

forma iZulebiTi muSaoba an momsaxureba, monoba an monuri saxis mopyroba,

dabeCaveba an organoebis amokveTa.

b) adamianiT vaWrobis Sedegad dazaralebulis Tanxmoba winaswar dagegmil eqspluataciaze,

romelTa saxeebi `a~ punqtSia Camoyalibebuli, ar miiReba mxedvelobaSi,

Tuki adgili hqonda `a~ punqtSi Camoyalibebuli nebismieri Zaladobis formas.

g) gadabireba, gadayvana, gadacema, gadamalva an bavSvis miReba eqspluataciis mizniT,

miekuTvneba adamianiT vaWrobas im SemTxvevaSic ki, Tuki es qmedeba ar aris dakavSirebuli

`a~ punqtiT gansazRvrul zemoqmedebis saxeebTan.

d) `bavSvi~ niSnavs 18 wlamde asakis pirs.

davaleba

moamzadeT plakati trefikingis Temaze. moifiqreT koncefcia rogori iqneba

am plakatis ZiriTadi sainformacio gzavnili slogani? rogori iqneba fotos

an naxatis ZiriTadi idea?


19. axalgazrdebis trefikingis

msxverplad gaxdomis riskfaqtorebi

axalgazrdebis trefikingis msxverplad gaxdomis riskfaqtorebia:

sazRvargareT swavlis, muSaobis, damkvidrebis realuri SesaZleblobis

Sesaxeb informaciis nakleboba;

rTuli ekonomikuri viTareba da amas darTuli umuSevroba; axalgazrdebis

samuSao gamocdilebis arqona;

winaaRmdegoba axalgazrdebisaTvis wayenebul moTxovnebsa da maT SesaZleblobebs

Soris. mediis, reklamebis, filmebis saSualebiT axalgazrdebi

ecnobian cxovrebis sxvadasxva stils. xSirad televizorSi xedaven

cxovrebis iseT dones, romelic bevrad ukeTesia, vidre maTi cxovreba;

axalgazrdoba naklebadaa informirebuli im sirTuleebisa da safrTxis

Sesaxeb, rac dakavSirebulia sazRvargareT muSaobis nebarTvis aRebasa

da SromiTi xelSekrulebis gareSe samuSaod gamgzavrebasTan.

axalgazrdebSi bevri mcdari warmodgena arsebobs sazRvargareT gamgzavrebis

saSualebebze. ganvixiloT ramdenime maTgani:

aris mosazreba, rom winadadebas sazRvargareT

dasaqmebis Sesaxeb, romelsac

nacnobis, megobris an naTesavisagan vi-

RebT, SegviZlia vendoT.

Tu ucxoeTSi samsaxurs gTavazoben da

garwmuneben, rom TviTon an misi nacnobi

asrulebda am samuSaos, sulac ar niSnavs

imas, rom es sando SemoTavazebaa da Tqven

safrTxe ar dagemuqrebaT. adamianiT vaWrobis

(trefikingis) araerTi msxverpli aRiarebs,

rom samuSao nacnobisagan SeTavazebuli

winadadebis safuZvelze airCia.

amtkiceben, rom sazRvargareT fulis Sovna iolia.

gaxsovdeT, ucxoeTSi samuSaos SeTavazebisas,

Tu moqalaqes ar moeTxoveba daniSnulebis

qveynis enis codna, Sesabamisi

SromiTi unar-Cvevebis an muSaobis gamocdilebis

qona, rogorc wesi, laparakia

aralegalur dasaqmebaze.

realoba sxvagvaria. Tu samuSao aralegaluria, SesaZlebelia,

moqalaqes gadauxadon naklebi da aiZulon imu-

Saos meti, vidre dahpirdnen, an saerTod ar gadauxadon.

gaxsovdeT, rom aralegalur muSaobas Tan axlavs is,

rom damsaqmebeli cdilobs, rac SeiZleba meti mogeba

naxos.

41


irwmunebian, rom ucxoeTSi mcire xniT

mu Saoba SeiZleba turistuli viziT da

muSaobis nebarTvis gareSe.

rogorc wesi, sazRvargareT gamgzavrebamde

aucilebelia, damqiravebelTan

dadebuli samuSao xelSekrulebis safuZvelze

daqiravebulma miiRos mis saxelze

daniSnulebis qveyanaSi gacemuli muSaobis

nebarTva. qveyanaSi Sesvla xdeba samuSao

viziT.

gaxsovdeT, turistuli viziT daniSnulebis

qveyanaSi moqalaqeebs muSaobis

ufleba ar gaaCniaT.

42 p i r o v n u l i g a n v i T a r e b a

irwmunebian, rom gancxadebiT

SeTa va zebuli samuSao yovelTvis

legaluria.

rodesac firma an kerZo piri masobrivi

informaciis saSualebebSi

Riad akeTebs SeTavazebas dasaqmebis

Taobaze, es ar niSnavs sando, legalur

samuSaos.

gaxsovdeT, rom gazeTi sarfianad yidis adgils reklamis ganTavsebisTvis

da, ra Tqma unda, ar amowmebs reklamis SemkveTebs. gazeTSi erTdroulad

SeiZleba ganTavsdes winadadeba legaluri, aralegaluri an Tundac

ararsebuli samuSaos Sesaxeb.

hgoniaT, rom SromiTi xelSekrulebisa da mu-

Saobis nebarTvis gaformebisTvis damsaqmebels

sWirdeba moqalaqis pasporti.

sinamdvileSi, damsaqmebels moqalaqis pasporti ar

sWirdeba; mas moqalaqis pasportis TavisTan datovebis

ufleba ar aqvs.

gaxsovdeT, mxolod oficialur pirebs aqvT pasportis moTxovnis ufleba.

Tu damsaqmebeli iTxovs Tqvens pasports, dautoveT mxolod pasportis

asli!


amtkiceben, rom moqalaqes SeuZlia uari

Tqvas misTvis Seuferebel samuSaoze.

adamiani, romelsac Suamavlis an damsaqmeblis

vali aqvs an darCa pasportis gareSe, an

masze xorcieldeba sxvadasxva saxis zewola,

umweo mdgomareobaSi vardeba da iolad samar-

Tavi xdeba.

gaxsovdeT, aseT mdgomareobaSi myofi adamiani

advilad veRar anebebs Tavs arasasurvel

samuSaos.

davaleba

adamianiT movaWreebi axalgazrdebis gadasabireblad sxvadasxva meTods

mimarTaven. Tqveni azriT, qvemoT mocemuli gadabirebis saSualebebidan

romels iyeneben isini xSirad, iSviaTad an arasodes? gadaixazeT cxrili

rveulSi da SeavseT.

gadabirebis saSualeba xSirad/iSviaTad/arasodes

gazeTSi gamoqveynebuli

gancxadeba

Cati internetSi

gacnobis internetportali

nacnobebisa da megobrebis rCeva

nacnobebi/megobrebi, romlebic

muSaobdnen sazRvargareT

axali nacnobi, romelic

sazRvargareT samuSao adgilis

povnaSi daxmarebas gpirdeba

oficialuri informacia

samuSaosa da swavlis SeTavazebis

Sesaxeb sxvadasxva uwyebis

vebgverdze

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44

20. vin da rogor xdeba

trefikingis msxverpli

organizebul danaSaulSi CarTuli

kriminaluri jgufebis mier

adamianiT vaWrobis gziT miRebuli

Semosavlis Sedareba SeiZleba

mxolod narkotikebiTa da iaraRiT

vaWrobiT miRebul mogebasTan da

sxvadasxva wyaroTi, weliwadSi 8

miliard dolaramde aRwevs.

rogorc ukve iciT, adamianiT

vaWrobis (trefikingis) ganmartebis

Tanaxmad, danaSaulis pirveli fazaa

gadabireba, romelsac Semdgom

transportireba, gadacema, miReba

da bolos eqspluatacia mosdevs.

Zalian farToa im adamianebis wre,

vinc adamianiT vaWrobis gziT mogebas iRebs. am jaWvis pirvel rgols gadambirebeli

warmoadgens. potenciuri msxverplis moZieba zogjer xdeba gazeTebSi,

internetSi an informaciis sxva saSualebebSi sazRvargareT muSaobis an swavlis

Sesaxeb ganTavsebuli gancxadebebis meSveobiT. sakomunikacio teqnologiebis

ganviTarebam xelmisawvdomi gaxada am mizniT internetresursebis gamoyenebac.

saqarTveloSi adamianiT vaWrobis (trefikingis) SemTxvevebis analizma

gviCvena, rom, umravles SemTxvevaSi, msxverplis gadabireba moxda nacnobebisa

da naTesavebis mier. es gadabirebis gansakuTrebiT daundobeli

xerxia, radgan nacnobs xSirad TvaldaxuWuli endobi.

gadabireba

gadabireba iTvaliswinebs pirovnebebis SerCevas adamianiT vaWrobi-

saTvis (trefikingisaTvis). pirs sTavazoben samuSaos, karg anazRaurebas,

swavlas, zogjer fiqtiur qorwinebas da sxva. procesi, romlis Sedegad

piri xdeba msxverpli, sxvadasxva SemTxvevaSi sxvadasxvanairia, Tumca,

unda aRiniSnos, rom arsebobs gadabirebis oTxi ZiriTadi meTodi:

motaceba adamiani mihyavT Zalis gamoyenebiT, misi nebis sawinaaRm-

degod;

ZaliT gadabireba piris Tanxmobis misaRwevad mis winaaRmdeg iyene-

ben Zalas an muqaras;

gadabireba sruli motyuebiT pirma saerTod araferi icis realuri

mdgomareobis Sesaxeb;

gadabireba nawilobrivi motyuebiT adamianma icis, rom saeWvo

samuSaos sTavazoben, magram ver acnobierebs realur safrTxes da

eqspluataciis xarisxs.

p pir r o vfn ue ls i i ug aln vi i Tga ra en bva i T r e b a


gadabirebis meTodebi

adamianiT movaWreebi adamianTa gadasabireblad sxvadasxva xerxs mimar-

Taven da cdiloben, moipovon TavianTi msxverplis ndoba. SeuZlebelia gadabirebis

yvela meTodis CamoTvla, radgan rac ufro izrdeba sazogadoebis

informirebuloba adamianiT vaWrobis Sesaxeb, miT ufro ixveweba damnaSaveTa

meTodebi.

`cocxali saqonlis~ xelSi Casagdebad adamianiT movaWreebi ukan araferze

ixeven, itaceben msxverpls Zalis gamoyenebiT an Zalis gamoyenebis muqariT,

SantaJiT, motyuebiT, sakuTari mdgomareobis borotad gamoyenebiT an adamianis

umweo mdgomareobiT sargebloben.

potenciur msxverpls sTavazoben muSaobas

Sinamosamsaxured, damlageblad, ZiZad, moxuc-

Ta momvlelad, mocekvaved, modelad, mimtanad,

soflis meurneobaSi an mSeneblobaze da a.S.

gadambirebeli potenciur msxvepls iol samu-

Saos, karg anazRaurebas, ucxo qveynis naxvas da

saintereso cxovrebas hpirdeba. umetes SemTxvevaSi,

msxverpls ar moeTxoveba kvalifikaciis

damadasturebeli dokumenti da samuSao gamocdileba,

arc ucxo enis codna.

rogorc wesi, gadambirebeli msxverpls arwmunebs,

rom mas SeuZlia umal datovos samu-

Sao adgili, Tu pirobebi ar daakmayofilebs.

xSiria SemoTavazeba samgzavro dokumentebis,

vizebis, bileTebis, xelSekrulebebis

swrafad da Seuferxeblad gaformebis, zogjer

ki mgzavrobasTan dakavSirebuli yvela

xarjis `uangarod~ dafarvis Taobaze, rac

sabolood msxverpls edeba valad.

gadabireba SeiZleba moxdes rogorc jgufis,

aseve calkeuli piris magaliTad, mocekvaveTa

jgufis an mSenebelTa brigadis SegrovebiT an

nacnobis (megobris, an naTesavisac ki) meSveobiTY

an SemTxveviTi (magaliTad, gazeTSi gancxadebis)

gziT.

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46

gadambirebeli yovelTvis araa TqvenTvis ucnobi piri. is SesaZloa iyos

Tqveni naTesavi, mezobeli, nacnobi an megobari.

Tu Suamavali piri an kompania ucxoeTSi gamgzavrebis dagegmvaSi gexmarebaT:

gaarkvieT ucxoeTSi Tqvens sacxovrebelTan yvelaze axlomdebare Tqveni

qveynis saelCos an sakonsulos misamarTi da telefonis nomeri;

winaswar gaarkvieT im adgilis saxelwodeba, misamarTi da telefonis nomeri,

sadac apirebT gaCerebas. SeZlebisdagvarad, daukavSirdiT Tqvens

momaval damsaqmebels telefoniT an fostiT, raTa gadaamowmoT samuSao

adgilis namdviloba, aseve daazusteT Tqveni xelfasisa da sacxovrebeli

pirobebis sakiTxic;

momavali damsaqmeblis an kompaniis sandoobis xarisxis dazustebis mizniT,

gamgzavrebamde daukavSirdiT Sesabamis samsaxurebs.

dasaqmebis Taobaze legaluri da aralegaluri winadadebebi, upirveles

yovlisa, gansxvavdeba Tavisi SinaarsiT. aralegaluri winadadebebi xSirad

Sedgenilia naCqarevad da ar aris mkafiod Camoyalibebuli. aseT SemTxvevaSi,

adamians dafiqrebis droc ar rCeba. garda amisa, yvela aucilebeli moqmedeba

swrafad da zedmeti formalobis gareSe xorcieldeba. arada, legaluri

dasaqmeba iTxovs sakmaod bevr dros da aucilebeli dokumentaciis ufro

guldasmiT momzadebasa da gaformebas.

daimaxsovreT!

damsaqmebelTa umravlesoba kontraqtis dadebas SemogTavazebT.

saguldagulod gaecaniT kontraqts da mxolod amis Semdeg moawereT

xeli. Tu gaurkvevlad mogeCvenaT kontraqtis romelime punqti, gaacaniT

igi iurists, arasamTavrobo organizacias an pirs, romelsac endobiT.

ar endoT potenciur damsaqmebels, romelic ucxoeTSi gasamgzavreblad

turistuli vizis miRebaSi daxmarebas dagpirdebaT.


axalgazrdebi xSirad monawileoben gacvliT programebSi, rac maT profesiul

ganviTarebasa da ucxo enis dauflebas uwyobs xels. magaliTad, ZiZebis

programa axalgazrdebisTvis sazRvargareT gamgzavrebis erT-erTi yvelaze

popularuli xerxia. aseT programebs propagandas xSirad skolebsa da universitetebSi

uweven.

rogorc wesi, gacvliTi programebi Sesabamisi nebarTviT xorcieldeba,

magram xSirad aseT programebs axorcieleben romelime saerTaSoriso programis

safarqveS. axalgazrdul gacvliT programaSi CarTvamde rekomendebulia

sando da amomwuravi informaciis miReba.

waikiTxeT, daimaxsovreT da urCieT sxvasac:

dRes interneti informaciis miRebis saukeTeso wyaroa,

magram internetis arasworad sargeblobisas SesaZloa bavSvebs

seriozuli safrTxe SeeqmnaT. sxvadasxva tipis damna-

Saveebi internets sakuTari zraxvebis gansaxorcieleblad

iyeneben. damnaSaveebi Sedian saymawvilo internetforumebze,

ecnobian bavSvebs da keTilganwyobis mopovebis sakuTari, kargad

SemuSavebuli xerxebiT iolad iTanxmeben maT Sexvedraze,

Semdeg ki axerxeben maT dayoliebas ama Tu im SeTavazebaze.

dafiqsirebulia adamianiT vaWrobis msxverplTa internetis

meSveobiT gadabirebis SemTxvevebi.

rogor unda moiqceT?

Tavi SeikaveT ucnobisaTvis Tqven Sesaxeb informaciis, maT Soris, saxelis,

saxlis, skolis misamarTis an telefonis nomrisa da eleqtronuli fostis

misamarTis miwodebisgan;

Tu gacnobis internetportalSi damegobrebul ucnobebTan pirispir Sexvedras

gadawyvetT, umjobesia, Sexvedraze mozrdilebTan erTad waxvideT;

gadaumowmeblad nu daujerebT dapirebas da SemoTavazebas sazRvargareT

swavlisa da dasaqmebis Taobaze.

internetiT sargeblobis wesebis dacva uzrunvelyofs Tqvensave usafrTxoebas!

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