saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo

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saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo

saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

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samecniero-popularuli Jurnali

#2 (01) 24.02.2011

ucnobi warwerebi

iSxnidan

1


WWW.ARTPALACE.GE GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

mTavari redaqtori

giorgi kalandia

saredaqcio jgufi

Tamar natroSvili

rati gumaSvili

2

mail@artpalace.ge

gamodis kvartalSi erTxel

gasayidad ar vrceldeba

JurnalSi ganTavsebuli masalebis

raime saxiT gamoyeneba

SeTanxmebuli unda iyos

redkolegiasTan

sarCevi

giorgi kalandia, qeTevan asaTiani

iSxnis taZris mSeneblobis istoriisaTvis

(ucnobi warwerebi taZris samxreT kedelze da

arqiteqtori Trdatis Ze) ........................................................................ 3

qeTevan uznaZe

daviT arseniSvilis biografiisaTvis ............................................... 8

mzia merkvilaZe

akaki da varinka wereTlebis Sedevrebi............................................. 14

leila WiWinaZe

maria perini ............................................................................................ 18


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

giorgi kalandia

qeTevan asaTiani

iSxnis taZris mSeneblobis istoriisaTvis

(ucnobi warwerebi taZris samxreT kedelze da

arqiteqtori Trdatis Ze)

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3


WWW.ARTPALACE.GE GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

2011 wlis 17-19 Tebervals qarTuli delegecia

tao-klarjeTs stumrobda, vizitis farglebSi saSualeba

mogveca gvenaxa iSxnis saxelganTqmuli taZari.

Tebervlis mziani dRe da eklesiis garSemo mdgari

SiSveli TuTis xeebi iSxnis kedlebis daTvalierebis

saukeTeso saSualebas iZleoda. istoriuli Zeglisaken

mimaval daRmarTze iSxnis kaTedralis samxreTi

kedeli mTeli Tavisi brwyinvalebiT moCanda. fotografirebis

dros amave kedlis samxreTi karis

zemoT, saxuravTan axlos uwesrigod gafantuli, sakmaod

mozrdili asomTavruli warwerebi moCanda.

pirveladi daTvalierebis Semdeg, sruliad naTeli

iyo, rom dRemde gamouqveynebel warwerebTan gvqonda

saqme.

aRniSnuli teqstebi ar moxvedrila eqvTime TayaiSvilis,

mari broses, n. sargisianis, vaxtang jobaZis,

irine giviaSvilis, i. koplataZis, m. kadiroRlus, f.

bairamis fundamentur SromebSi. am garemoebis mizezi

warwerebis mdebareobaa, samxreTis kedelTan

mdgari maRali TuTis xeebis xSiri foTlebi gazafxulsa

da zafxulSi warwerebs TiTqmis SeumCnevels

xdis.

iSxnis taZari ganTqmulia lapidaruli da freskuli

warwerebis siuxviT. dRemde cnobili 25-ze meti

warwera, eklesiis mSeneblobis sxvadasxva etapis, qtitorTa,

momlocvelTa Tu aq gamosaxul wmindanTa

Sesaxeb mogviTxrobs.

Cveni warwera 4 nawilisagan Sedgeba. ufro sworad

fragmentebis saxiTaa SemorCenili sxvadasxva zomis

qvebze. qvebi ki uwesrigodaa Calagebuli iSxnis taZris

samxreTi kedlis zeda registrSi. SesaZloa, rom

erT dros isini sul sxva adgilze mdebareobda

mogviTxrobda sakmaod vrcelsa da saintereso ambavs,

Tumca mogvianebiT warwerebiani qvebi sxvadasxva

adgilas gaifanta, razec qvemoT dawvrilebiT visaubrebT.

mTlianad warwerisa da grafemebis zomebis

aReba amJamad SeuZlebelia. iseve, rogorc gankveTilobisa

da qaragmis niSnebis garCeva. warwera Tumca

mkrTalad aris SemorCenili, magram grafemebis

ZiriTadi nawilis amokiTxva xerxdeba.

pirveli CvenTvis saintereso warwera samxreTi

kedlis yvelaze maRal adgilas samxreTi karis gayolebaze

mdebareobs. warwera oTx qvazea Sesrulebuli,

aqedan Sua ori - didi zomisaa, gverdiTa qvebi

ki gacilebiT pataraa. pirvel qvaze mxolod gamSvenebuli

jvaria gamosaxuli, momdevnoze ki samstriqonian

asomTavrul warweras vxedavT, romlidanac

mxolod pirveli oris garCeva SeiZleba, isic nawilobriv,

radgan qvis marjvena qveda kuTxis sakmaod

didi nawili Camotexilia, mesame striqoni saSeni

masalis gamofitvis gamo ukve aRar ikiTxeba (sur 1).

warwera amJamad Semdegnairad gamoiyureba:

“† qe Se sliTa [e]/ an mfe ”.

gaSifvris Semdeg igi aseT saxes miiRebs:

“† qriste Seiwyale suliTa [e] ... amin ... mefe ...”

suraTi 1

4

cxadia, rom pirveli striqoni dausrulebelia,

igi rogorc Cans momdevno qvaze grZeldeboda, aseve

wina qvaze iwyeboda meore striqonis pirveli sityva.

amdenad Cvens mier aRdgenili “amin“ mxolod varaudis

sagania, radgan igi SesaZlebelia sulac sxva

sityvis daboloeba iyos (magaliTad “aman“...).

momdevno qvaze warwera kidev ufro fragmentuladaa

SemorCenili, aq mxolod pirveli striqonis

ramdenime asos wakiTxva SeiZleba, Tumca iSxnis kaTedralis

istoriisaTvis swored es sityvaa yvelaze

saintereso da mniSvnelovani. SemorCenili striqoni

Semdegnairad sruldeba “ [T]rdtis Ze“ (ukanasneli

aso “e“ mesame qvaze gadadis) gaSifvris Semdeg

cxadia, rom aq “Trdatis Ze“ weria.

aqac iseve rogorc wina SemTxvevaSi grafemebis

zomebis aReba SeuZlebelia. iseve, rogorc gankveTilobisa

da qaragmis niSnebis garCeva. warweris erTi

monakveTis asoebi (kerZod, “Trdatis Ze“-s win) an

saerTod ar unda iyos qarTuli, an dazianebulia.

asoebi ZiriTadad kuTxovania. grafemebi a, r, d, t

_ gansakuTrebiT didi zomisaa. specifiuria “e“-s

gamoxatvis forma _ zeda nawilTan yvelgan martivi

moxazulobis nacvlad mcire texili xazi aqvs darTuli.

warweris TariRi ar unda aRematebodes X saukunes

an XI saukunis pirvel meoTxeds.

warweris amokiTxvisTanave Cndeba kiTxva, vin unda

iyos zemoxsenebuli Trdatis Ze?- pirveli rac Sei-

Zleba am saxelis xsenebaze gagaxsendes somxeTis

saxelovani mefe Trdat didia, miT ufro roca

iSxnis taZrisaTvis ucxo araa Trdatis ojaxis wevr-

Ta moxsenieba. eqvTime TayaiSvilma 1917 wlis eqspediciis

dros iSxnis sakurTxevlis TaRis marcxena

nawilSi qalis gamosaxuleba 7 striqoniani somxuri

warweriT aRmoaCina. aq somexTa pirveli qristiani

dedofali, Trdat mefis meuRle aSxavnari, igive

aSxeni yofila daxatuli. (e. TayaiSvili, 1917 wlis

arqeologiuri eqspedicia samxreT saqarTveloSi.

Tbilisi, 1960. gv. 23). miuxedavad am garemoebisa nakleb

warmosadgenia, rom 285-300 wlebSi moRvawe

Trdatis ojaxis wevrebi IX-X saukuneebis Zeglze moexseniebinaT.

gasaTvalisinebelia isic, rom warweris

paleografiuli saxe, forma da ganlageba kedelze

ar tovebs STabeWdilebas, rom aq mxolod didi

somexi mefis tradiciul moxsenebaze iyos saubari

(rogorc wmindanisa, rogorc amierkavkasiis erTerTi

pirveli qristiani mefisa, rogorc grigol

ganmanaTleblis TanamebrZolisa, rogorc mirian

mefis mZaxlisa...). epigrafikuli warwera, romelic

Trdatis Zis Sewyalebas iTxovs, faqtia. rom didi

Trdatis saxelTan ar aris dakavSirebuli

suraTis sicxadisaTvis, vfiqrobT, saWiroa dawvrilebiT

mimovixiloT taZris mSeneblobis ZiriTadi

etapebi. cnobilia rom pirveli eklesiis mSenebloba

iSxanSi somexTa kaTalikosis nersesis saxels ukav-

Sirdeba. bizantiuri politikisa da rwmenis gamtarebeli

nersesi sakaTalikoso taxtidan Camoagdes. 652

#2 (01) 24.02.2011


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

wels gaqalkedonitebuli da somexTa mier devnili

mRvdelTmoZRvari sakuTar sofelSi dabrunda da

zvarTnocis tipis eklesiis mSenebloba daiwyo. nersesis

eklesiis sakurTxeveli (qveviT TaRebiT gaxsnili

afsidi) CarTulia arsebuli taZris struqturaSi

_ es iyo eqsedrebiT gaxsnili tetrakonqi, romelsac

mrgvali garSemosavleli ertya (i. giviaSvili, i. koplataZe,

“tao-klarjeTi“. Tbilisi, 2004. gv129)

nersesi gardaicvala 661 wels, xolo misi eklesia

iSxanSi, rogorc Cans, maleve daingra murvan yrus

736-738 wlebis damsjeli laSqrobebis Sedegad.

dangreuli taZris aRorZineba IX saukunis I naxevar-

Si momxdara. es procesi grigol xancTelis da misi

diswulis _ sabas saxels ukavSirdeba. giorgi mer-

Culis cnobiT bagrat I kurapalatisa da misi Zmebis

nivTieri daxmarebiT sabam nerse episkoposis taZris

nangrevebze xelmeored aago iSxnis axali kaTedrali

(e.TayaiSvili, 1917 wlis arqeologiuri eqspedicia

samxreT saqarTveloSi. Tbilisi, 1960. gv. 8).

XI saukunis pirvel naxevarSi taZarma orjer ganicada

mniSvnelovani gadakeTeba. pirvelad saqarTvelos

mefis giorgi I-is dros (1014-1027), razec

metyvelebs samxreTi mklavis karis monoliTur timpanze

Sesrulebuli warwera (Cvens mier mikvleuli

warwerac amave kedelze fiqsirdeba). testidan cxadi

xdeba, rom aw ukve gamqrali karibWe giorgi I-is dros

augiaT da taZris momgebeli antoni iSxnis episkoposi

yofila (v. jobaZe, adreuli Sua saukuneebis qarTuli

monastrebi istoriul taoSi, klarjeTsa da SavSeT-

Si. Tbilisi, 2006. gv. 240)

meore da ufro vrceli gadakeTeba bagrat IV-is

zeobaSi (1027-1072), 1032 wels momxdara, damkveTi

iSxnis mTavarepiskoposi antoni, xuroTmoZRvari

ki iovane morCaisZe yofila (iqve, gv.241). am dros

taZarze safuZvliani samuSaoebi Catarebula gumbaTi

gadauxuravT moWiquli kramitiT, misTvis daumatebiaT

sarkmlebi, fasadebi kveTili ornamentirebuli

sarkmlis sapireebiTa da portalebiT SeumkviaT, uxvad

gamouyenebiaT wnuli ornamentebiT gamoqandakebuli

jvrebic. am safuZvliani gadakeTebis Sedegad unda

gamqraliyo giorgi I-is mefobaSi aSenebuli dasavleTi

mklavis karibWe (v.jobaZe, adreuli Sua saukuneebis

qarTuli monastrebi istoriul taoSi, klarjeTsa

da SavSeTSi. Tbilisi, 2006. gv.227; i.giviaSvili,

i.koplataZe, tao-klarjeTi. Tbilisi, 2004.gv133).

didi saxecvlileba ganucdia uSualod samxreTis

fasadsac, 1032 wlis gadakeTebis dros xuroTmoZRvars

“giorgi I-is droindeli mxolod karakini da

misi warwera dautovebiaT xel-uxlebeli, danarCeni

ki yvelaferi (karis momrgvalebuli saTauri horizontuli

quslebiT, CarCoebiT, ormagi grexili

svetebi, faqizi wnulebi da sxv.) xelaxla gaukeTebiaT,

zustad iseTive samkaulis msgavsad, taZris samxreTi

kedlis sam sarkmels rom amkobda im mxares, sadac

kari iyo“ (e. TayaiSvili, 1917 wlis arqeologiuri

eqspedicia samxreT saqarTveloSi. Tbilisi, 1960. gv.

39).

amdenad, cxadia, rom taZris samxreTi kedlis

dRevandeli saxe safuZvliani restavraciis Sedegia,

swored amiT aixsneba Cvens mier mikvleuli warwerebis

esoden fragmentulad da uwesrigod CaSeneba

samxreTi fasadis zeda registrSi. Tumca es faqti

kidev erTi mosazrebisaken gvibiZgebs, advili Sesa-

Zlebelia rom dRes ukve gafantuli warwerebi Tavis

droze giorgi I-is mefobaSi, anton iSxnis episkoposis

TaosnobiT agebul karibWes amSvenebda. Tu am azrs

marTebulad CavTvliT maSin Trdatis Zis vinaobac

SegviZlia vivaraudoT.

giorgi I-is epoqaSi, kerZod ki 950-1020 wlebSi imdroindeli

kavkasiisa da bizantiis imperiis xuroTmoZRvarTa

Soris gansakuTrebulad saxelmox-

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veWili Trdati gaxda. arqiteqtor Trdats miandes

konstantinopolis wminda sofiis taZris gumbaTis

aRdgena, manve aago anisis kaTedrali, mas daukveTes

eklesiis mSenebloba kaTolikosis rezidenciaSi

arginSi (985 w) da gagik II samreklos aRmarTva (1001-

1005 ww axlo periodi). Trdats miaweren marmaSenis,

sanainisa da axpatis mTavari taZrebis mSeneblobasac

(К.Маранчи,«Архитектор Трдат и купол Святой Софии»,

Jurn. “Анив” N4, 2006 ). amdenad, cxadia rom xuroTmoZRvris

vinaoba da ostatoba kargad iqneboda

cnobili saqarTvelos samefo karisTvisac, miTumetes

giorgi I-isTvis, romelsac vaspurakanis somxuri

samefos mefis seneqerim arwrunis qaliSvili

hyavda colad. aqedan gamomdinare advili SesaZlebelia

qarTvel mefes iSxanSi mimdinare ganaxlebiTi

samuSaoebis dros Trdatis ojaxisaTvis miemarTa,

Sua saukuneebSi xom xelosnoba memkvidreobiT gadadioda

mamidan Svilze, arc isaa gamoricxuli, rom

Trdatis zedamxedvelobiT samuSaoebs uSualod

misi Svili xelmZRvanelobda. amitom iSxnis kedelze

mikvleuli warwera Zvirfasi SenaZenia saxelganTqmuli

xuroTmoZRvris biografiisTvisac. es warwera

Trdatis biografiis kidev erT saintereso detals

usvams xazs, misi Zis qarTuli eklesiis kedelze,

qarTulad moxsenieba xom ar niSnavs imas, rom es

saxelganTqmuli ojaxi qarTuli garemos da, aqedan

gamomdinare, qalkedonituri samyaros wevri iyo.

giorgi I-is karze es Cveulebrivi movlena gaxldaT,

saukeTeso magaliTi mefis meuRle, saqarTvelos dedofali

mariam arwrunia, romlis sulieri moZRvari

giorgi mTawmindeli iyo. am garemoebas imitom

vusvamT xazs, rom Znelad warmosadgenia, qarTuli

taZris kedelze araqalkedoniti xuroTmoZRvris

saxeli daetanaT. Tumca, asec rom iyos, damoukideblad

konfesiisa, faqtia, erT-erTi saukeTeso arqiteqtori

amierkavkasiaSi qarTveli mefis qarTul

SekveTas asrulebs. Sesabamisadac, iSxnis kedelze

warwera Cndeba mxolod qarTul enaze, kaligrafiuli

asomTavruliT. isic aSkaraa, rom iSxnis mar-

Tlamdidebluri kaTedris aRdgenis dros qtitorebi

xuroTmoZRvris aRmsareblobas saTanado

yuradRebas miaqcevdnen.

meore CvenTvis saintereso warwerebis rigi samxre-

Tis kedlis dasavleTiT mdebareobs. igi ori didi

fragmentisagan Sedgeba, pirveli fragmenti oTx

qvazea ganawilebuli, meore ki xuTzea warmodgenili.

wakiTxvis Semdeg cxadi gaxda, rom meore SemTxveva-

Si qvebi Tanmimdevrulad Cawyobili _ striqonebi

qviSaqvis kvadrebze Sinaarsis mixedviT grZeldeba.

pirvel fragmentze ki es principi an aRreulia an warwera

imdenadaa dazianebuli, rom frazebis amokiTxva

dRes ukve SeuZlebelia (sur 2).

# #2 1 (01) (01) 24.02.2011

01.09.2009 5


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6

suraTi 2

warwerebi kedelze Semdegi saxiTaa warmodgenili:

1 fragmenti: “sn wm[i] ..... bis / oskos .... rli d ... / ...

Zl ...”

2 fragmenti: “eibeT ...... daslc[v]d s ... / r ....... ese

msxrba wmid/ ad ......... Jmsa

gnkTxvi”

gaSifvris Semdeg warwerebi Semdeg saxes miiRebs:

1 fragmenti: “ sn wmidi[s] ..... bis / oskos ..... romeli d

.../ ...Zl ...”

2 fragmenti: “SeiwyalebdeT .... da

saloc[v]elad sulisa ...../ romel .... ese

msaxureba wmida/ad ..... Jamsa gankiTxvisasa”

GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

pirvel SemTxvevaSi sakmaod Znelia raime varaudis

gamoTqma, meore warweris fragmentuli Sinaarsidan

gamomdinare ki SegviZlia vifiqroT, rom aq iSxnis

romelime mRvdelTmsaxuri moixsenieboda.

mesame warwera samxreTis kedlis zeda registrSi

TiTqmis Sua nawilSia moTavsebuli. es qva imave zol-

Sia Cadgmuli, romelSic Trdatis Zis warweraa warmodgenili.

QqviSaqvis kvadri mcire zomisaa da mas

oqrosferi elferi dahkravs. qvaze SemorCenili

sami striqoni Semdegnairad ikiTxeba:

“iSx[n]s...../ dids me ....../ d irZ ....”.

gaSifrvis Semdeg is aseT saxes miiRebs:

“iSx[n]is .... didsa mefesa .... / d irZ ....” (sur 3).

suraTi 3

#2 (01) 24.02.2011


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

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warwera sayuradReboa imiT rom aq Cveni kaTedralis saxeli "iSxani" fiqsirdeba, xazgasasmelia forma

"didsa mefesa"-c radgan amave tipis epiTetiT moixsenieba giorgi II da daviT aRmaSenebeli iSxnis erT-erT

freskul warweraSi. savaraudoa, rom es qva aw ukve daRupuli im didi warweris fragmentia sadac iSxnis taZris

erT-erT ganaxlebis procesze da am saqmis iniciatorebze iyo saubari.

amdenad taZris samxreT kedelze mikvleuli ucnobi asomTavruli warwerebi sakmaod did mniSvnelobas

iZens rogorc iSxnis kaTedralis, ise zogadad tao-klarjeTis arqiteqturuli Zeglebis istoriis Sesaswavlis

saqmeSi

#2 (01) 24.02.2011

7


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qeTevan uznaZe

daviT arseniSvilis

biografiisaTvis

8

GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

# 1 (01) 01.09.2009


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

winasityvaoba

saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis

saxelmwifo muzeumisaTvis axlaxan

gadmocemul, muzeumis damaarseblis, daviT arseniSvilis

pirad arqivSi, didi moRvawis cxovrebis

amsaxvel uZvirfases dokumentur, foto da sxva

masalasTan erTad, aRmoCnda safrangeTSi gamocemuli

Jurnalis ,,HORIZONS”, 1959 wlis aprilis Tvis

nomeri. JurnalSi ganTavsebuli statiis ,,LE MUZEE

ANDREI ROUBLEV A MOSCOU” avtori, moskovSi a. rubliovis

sax. muzeumis damaarsebeli da maSindeli

direqtori daviT arseniSvili gaxlavT. statias

wamZRvarebuli aqvs Jurnalistis mokle komentari

moskovSi, andronikes monastris macxovris taZarSi

mimdinare sarestavracio samuSaoebis Sesaxeb. es is

monasteria, romlis nangrevebzec didma qarTvelma

moRvawem cnobili rusi fermweris, andrei rubliovis

saxelobis muzeumi daaarsa. qarTul enaze gadmoTargmnil

statiasTan erTad gTavazobT mokle

winasityvaobas, raTa zogadi warmodgena SegiqmnaT

TbilisSi Teatris da literaturis muzeumebis, SemdgomSi

ki moskovSi andrei rubliovis Semoqmedebis

nakvalevze dauRalavad moaruli da misi saxelobis

muzeumis damaarsebelis, Rvawlmosili, samuzeumo

saqmianobis didi profesionalis, daviT arseniSvilis

Sesaxeb.

saqarTveloSi saTeatro da literaturis muzeumebis

daarsebis Semdgom, gangebis nebiT, d. arseniSvili

ruseTSi gaemgzavra da Sua saukuneebSi moRvawe, miviwyebuli

rusi ferweris ostatis, a. rubliovis mier Seqmnili

msoflio donis Sedevrebis mokvleva ganizraxa.

rubliovis Semoqmedebis Ziebis kvaldakval,

d. arseniSvili udides winaaRmdegobebs awydeboda.

amis miuxedavad misias, romelic ikisra, brwyinvaled

gaarTva Tavi. samonastro kompleqsSi a. rubliovis

sax. muzeumis daarsebis Taobaze, 1947 wels mTavrobis

mxridan oficialuri nebarTva miiRo. amas mohyva

uZilo Rameebi da urTulesi gza saboloo miznis

misaRwevad. igi monastris teritoriaze cxovrobda,

ramac janmrTeloba Seuryia. muzeumis ramdenime adamianisagan

Semdgari koleqtivi mis ojaxad iqca. am adamianebTan

erTad moiZia da moagrova daRupvis piras

misuli uZvelesi rusuli siwmindeebi, mouara maT.

erT-erTi sarestavracio samuSaos Catarebis dros,

,,ficridan WuWyis mocilebis Semdeg, mis qveS dafaruli

gamosaxuleba xelweris mixedviT geniosi fermweris

Sedevri aRmoCnda. arseniSvili rudunebiT

eZiebda, poulobda da ubrunebda rusul kulturas

TiTqmis ganadgurebul simdidres. daviT arseniSvilis

mier moZiebuli saganZuri dRevandeli muzeumis

koleqciis udides nawils Seadgens. ase moagrova

muzeumSi mTeli qveynis masStabiT gabneuli uZvirfasesi

margalitebi.

keTili da wminda saqmisaTvis usaTuod isjebian...

dramatuli aRmoCnda d. arseniSvilis Tavdadebuli,

uangaro moRvaweobis bedic. mis mier Seqmnili

samuzeumo koleqciiT eqspoziciis mowyobamde

erTi wliT adre is direqtoris Tanamdebobidan

gaaTavisufles. amis miuxedavad, d. arseniSvili am

muzeums mudam Tavisad miiCnevda da es bunebrivicaa.

rubliovis sax. muzeumi misi moRvaweobis gvirgvinia

iseve, rogorc xelovanisaTvis SesaZloa romelime

Sedevri misi Semoqmedebis gvirgvinad iqces.

arseniSvili TbilisSi dabrunda da maleve gardaicvala.

misi saqmis gamgrZeleblebs, samuzeumo saqmis

mesveurT, misTvis jerovani pativi dRemde ar miugiaT,

Tu ar CavTvliT rusuli erovnuli kulturis

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udidesi moamagisTvis 2001 wels muzeumSi gaxsnil memorialur

dafas.

andrei rubliovis sax. muzeumi moskovSi

avtori, muzeumis direqtori, daviT arseniSvili

******

moskovis cnobili ubani. aguris, qongurebiani

kedeli, garSemo koSkebiT. farTod Semoragul,

daTovlil teritoriaze samSeneblo masalaa Tavmoyrili,

xelosnebi muSaoben. mimdinareobs Zveli

samonastro kompleqsis aRdgena. am monasterSi icxovra,

aResrula da miwas miebara, uZvelesi rusuli

mxatvarobis warmomadgenelTa Soris gamorCeuli

-- andrei rubliovi. misi dabadebidan 600 weli Sesrulda.

vecadeT gavsaubrebodiT rubliovis sax.

muzeumis direqtors, Zveli rusuli xelovnebis mkvlevars,

aRdgeniTi samuSaos sulisCamdgmels, romelmac

sxva enTuziast mkvlevarebTan erTad oficialuri

nebarTva moipova, raTa moegrovebina, aRericxa

da gadaerCina 40 000 - mde xelovnebis, umeteswilad

ucnobi nimuSi, rusuli kulturisaTvis.

******

1360 wels, mdinare iauzas SemaRlebul napirze,

sadac odesRac wyaluxvi Senakadi mdinaris Sesar-

Tavs uerTdeboda da romelic aRar arsebobs, ma-

Sin ki ,,oqros rqad iwodeboda, aSenda macxovrisandronikes

saxelobis monasteri. didi xnis winaT,

Soreul warsulSi, am adgilas warmarTuli qalaqi

mdebareobda. erT-erTi motivi, ris gamoc es adgili

samonastro mSeneblobisaTvis airCies is iyo,

rom monasters Seesrulebina cixe-simagris funqcia,

moskovisaken mimavali gzebi samxreTidan daecva.

marTlac, Zveli moskovi garSemortymuli iyo cixesimagre

monastrebiT, romlebic erTian dacviT

sistemas warmoadgendnen. am periodis mravalma nagebobam

Cvenamde moaRwia. mtkicdeba, rom TeTri qviT

agebuli andronikes monastris macxovris taZari,

aSenebulia 1420 - 1425 wlebSi. dReisaTvis, es aris

uZvelesi moskovuri Zegli, oTxi koSkiT, sami absidiT,

sami portaliT da erTaderTi, gansacvifrebeli

gumbaTiT. am moskovuri xuroTmoZRvrebis nimuSSi,

igrZnoba monRolTa TareSis wina periodis

arqiteqturuli koncefciis niSnebi, damaxasiaTebeli

Cernigovis, vladimiris da suzdalis arqiteqturisaTvis.

1420-30 wlebSi taZari moxates mxatvrebma andrei

rubliovma da daniel Cornim. am mxatvrobis

fragmenti taZris ZvelisZvel, dangreul fanjrebze

SemorCa, romlebic 1952 wels monastris centralur

absidze Zveli baTqaSis moxsnis dros gamoCnda. 1504

wels, ivane III brZanebiT, monasterSi aSenda satrapezo.

is am periodis qalaquri arqiteqturis Zalze

iSviaT nimuSs warmoadgens. aseTi sul oria moskovSi

kremlis waxnagovani darbazi da andronikes

monastris satrapezo palata. me-17 sauk. dasasrulsa

da me-18 saukunis dasawyisSi, nagebobas sabolood miemata

arxangelis saydari, romlis pirveli sarTuli

lapuxinTa, petre pirvelis meuRlis mSoblebis

gansasveneblad iqca. satrapezos gverdiT, 1670 wels

aSenebuli winamZRvarTa oTaxebi da me-18 saukunis dasawyisSi

aSenebuli, berebisaTvis gankuTvnili ganmartoebuli

senakebi da saeklesio skola mdebareobs.

JamTasvlam monasteri daangria. man Tavisi pirvelsawyisi

iersaxe dakarga, darCa ra SekeTebisa da rekonstruqciis

molodinSi. miuxedavad imisa, rogor

mdgomareobaSia, is Zvirfas qmnilebas warmoadgens

rusuli kulturis istoriisaTvis. swored aq iRvwodnen

da miwas miebarnen ferweris ori rusi

#2 (01) 24.02.2011 9


WWW.ARTPALACE.GE GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

didostati: andrei rubliovi da daniel Corni,

iseTive gamorCeulni rusuli kulturis istoriaSi,

rogorc erovnuli rusuli Teatris fuZemdebeli

Teodor volkovi da sxva mravalni.

mxedvelobaSi miiRo ra Seqmnili garemoeba, 1947

wels ministrTa sabWom gadawyvetileba miiRo, monastris

teritoria oficialurad gamoecxadebina

istoriul Zeglad da misTvis ,,andrei rubliovis

saxelobis muzeumi ewodebina. ZvelTaZveli taZari

muzeumis SeqmnisaTvis winaswari samuSaoebis Catarebis

samzadiss Seudga. sarestavracio saxelosno maleve

gaixsna. Semdgom, muzeumi Zalze swrafad ganviTarda

da monastris teritoriaze arsebul Senoba-nagebobebSi

ruseTis sxvadasxva qalaqebidan Camotanil

namuSevarTa da samuzeumo xelovnebis nimuSTa gan-

Tavsebis aucilebloba Seiqmna. marTlac, muzeums Semoswires

ara mxolod andrei rubliovis, aramed

XI - XVIII saukuneebis rusuli xelovnebis sxva, uZveles

ostatTa qmnilebebi.

arsebobis sawyis etapze muzeums dangreuli samonastro

nagebobis garda araferi gaaCnda, sadac sarestavracio

samuSaoebis procesSi, interieris mTlad

ganadgurebuli fasadis zedapirze gamovlinda

andrei rubliovisa da daniel Cornis mier erT

dros daxatuli uZvelesi freskebis fragmentebi.

xatvis martivi, Tavisufali maneriT Sesrulebuli

mcenaris moqnili Reroebi, yvavilebis foTlebi,

gvirgvinebi da norCi ylortebi, erTian muq fonze

gamoyofili TeTri, natifi xazebiT im freskis

fragments warmoadgens, romelic didi metris ukanasknel

qmnilebad iTvleba.

monastris samxreT-aRmosavleTiT mdebare koSkis

axlos, 40 santimetris siRrmeze, aRmoCenilia TeTri

qvis filaqniT Sesrulebuli uZvelesi mopirkeTeba,

romelzec erT dros andrei rubliovi daabijebda.

aqedan garkveul simaRleze SemorCenilia freskebis

naqargebiani da maqmaniani fragmentebi, romlebiTac

rusul taZrebSi miRebuli iyo naxatebs Soris Tavisufali

sivrcis galamazeba.

muzeumis muSaobis pirvel etaps, mxatvruli suraTebiTa

da Zveli, XI-XVIII saukunis ruseTis xuroTmoZRvruli

nimuSebiT moZravi gamofenis mowyoba

warmoadgenda. pirvel rigSi, moxda freskebisa da

mozaikis detalebis Sesabamisi sididisa da moculobis

aslebis damzadeba. maTSi gansakuTrebuladaa

warmoCenili adamianis bunebisTvis damaxasiaTebeli

Strixebi, radganac adamiania mTavari, rac ipyrobs

Zvel rus xelovan didostatTa gansakuTrebul yuradRebas.

pirvel yovlisa, rasac SeigrZnobs muzeumSi

warmodgenili koleqciis sanaxavad mosuli damTvalierebeli,

SemoqmedTa mier adamianis Sinagani

samyaros Secnoba da misadmi gansakuTrebuli damokidebulebaa.

galereaSi damTvaliereblis Tvalwin

iSleba cocxali saxeebi. isini Camwkrivebulan maTTvis

damaxasiaTebeli niSnebis mixedviT da mnaxvelSi

TavianT sulier gancdebSi Rrmad SeRwevisa da Serwymis

survils aRZraven. me -11 saukunis wminda sofias

taZris freskebze da mozaikaze gamosaxuli personaJebi

farTod gaRebuli TvalebiT iyurebian realur

samyaroSi. es arsebebi, gaJRenTilni adamianuri

RirsebiT, Rrmad Cafiqrebulni, TiTqos gandgomian

amqveyniur amaoebas. damTvalierebeli Seicnobs mociqulebs,

Tu angelozebs. SeuZlia Seadaros, ganasxvaos

isini maTi daZabuli Tu uflebamosili mzeriT,

moixiblos me -12 saukunis vladimiris monastris

freskebis xatvis maneris sisadaviTa Tu liriulobiT.

kievisa da vladimiris mxatvrobis am SesaniSnav

nimuSTa gacnobis Semdeg, damTvalierebels SesaZlebloba

aqvs ixilos rubliovisa da misi wris ostatTa

mier Sesrulebuli moskovis kremlis sakaTedro

taZris mxatvroba da andrei rubliovis, Teofane

berZenis da proxor gorodecis mier 1405 wels Seqmnili

xarebis taZris kankeli. Znelia ganisazRvros

TiToeuli xatis SeqmnaSi rubliovis Sromis wili,

magram erTi ki naTlad SesamCnevia, ramdenad Serbilebulia

adamianTa saxeebSi mbrZanebluri xasiaTi,

esoden damaxasiaTebeli Teofane berZenis moskovur

periodamde Seqmnili namuSevrebisaTvis. andrei

rubliovisa da daniel Cornis mier 1408 wels

moxatuli vladimiris miZinebis taZarSi freskebis

umravlesoba damTvaliereblisgan Sors, TaRSi mdebareobs,

muzeumSi ki maTi xilva axlodanaa SesaZlebeli.

mimdevrobiTaa ganlagebuli rubliovis mier

oqrosferi saRebaviT Sesrulebuli ,,ukanaskneli

samsjavros fragmentebis aslebi. miZinebis taZris

freskebis mSvid, brZnulad momziral, tipiuri

rusuli garegnobis personaJebSi, moCans sisadave da

sulieri wonasworoba. isini, me-15 saukunis dasawyisis

rusi adamianis warmosaxvaSi daxatuli idealis

anarekls warmoadgenen.

,,ukanaskneli samsjavros kompoziciaSi sicocxliT

savse saxeebiT warmodgenili mociqulebi petre da

pavle marTalT samoTxisaken miuZRvebian. xelSi sayviriT,

pavle mociquli ukan momavali adamianebisaken

iyureba da TiTqos JestiT uxmobs maT. petre mociqulis

saxis gamometyveleba da misi mzeris manera,

riTic is adamianebs mouxmobs iseTi STamagonebelia,

rogoric ver iqneboda veranairi sityvieri Segoneba.

rubliovis muzeumSi, odesRac gafantuli namu-

Sevrebis erTgvari Sekreba moxda. miZinebis taZris

freskebis gverdiT, naxavT ,,vasilevskoie-d wodebuli

xatebis mxatvrul suraTebs. es aris andreis da

danielis mier miZinebis taZrisaTvis Seqmnili kankeli,

romelic me-18 saukuneSi gadmoitanes sofel

vasilevskoeSi, Semdeg ki moskovsa da leningradSi,

sadac maT samudamo bina daides. rubliovis sax.

muzeumSi daculi miZinebis taZris mSvidi, Cafiqrebuli

RvTismSobeli Tavisi didebulebiT SesaZlebelia

SevadaroT Teofane berZenis xarebis taZris

RvTismSoblis kankels an kidev, ucnobi ostatis mier

samebis taZris kankelze gamosaxul, dedobrivi saTnoebiT

aRsavse RvTismSoblis xats. ucnob mxatvarTa

mier Sesrulebuli samebis taZrisa da wminda sergis

monastris kankelebis aslebi, iseTi zedmiwevniTi

sizustiT arian warmodgenilni, rom maTi garCeva

SeuZlebelia umaRlesi donis originalisagan. mjdomare,

fiqrebSi CaZiruli ieso, kompoziciidan

,,ieso qristes Soba gviCvenebs, rom uZvelesi drois

xelovani ostatebi maxvili TvaliTa da mgrZnobiare

guliT qmnidnen TavianT Sedevrebs, ris gamoc

isini cocxali, bunebrivi saxiT gadmoscemdnen da

gamoxatavdnen TavianTi TvaliT danaxul samyaros.

amave kompoziciis Semdegi detali - ,,bavSvis ganbana-

rubliovis wris mxatvrebis mier elinisturi xanis

tradiciebisadmi erTgulebis gamoZaxilia, ramac

ruseTSi bizantiidan SemoaRwia, an SesaZloa Savi

zRvis berZnuli axalSenebidan Semovida samxreT

slavebisagan. me-12 da me-14 saukuneebis novgorodis

da me-17 saukunis ieroslavlis freskebis mxatvruli

suraTebi muzeumis koleqciis Sesavsebad damzadda.

maTi Sefasebisas gansakuTrebuli yuradReba da meti

interesi ruseTis istoriuli legendebis amsaxvelma

nimuSebma daimsaxures.

muzeumis SemowirulobebiT Sevsebisa da aTi wlis

ganmavlobaSi TanamSromelTa muxlCauxreli muSaobis

Semdeg umTavres mizans, monastris arqiteqturuli

nagebobebis aRdgenisTanave samonastro kompleqsSi

muzeumis saboloo formireba warmoadgens. amgvarad,

muzeumi iq ganTavsdeba da gauxsnis kars damTvalierebels.

muzeumi flobs me-11, me-15 da me-17

saukunis kievis, suzdalis, vladimiris, kalugis, vo-

10 #2 (01) 24.02.2011


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

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# 1 (01) 01.09.2009 11


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lokamskis monastrebisa da sxva adgilebidan Camotanil

originalebs. saukeTeso sabWoTa restavratorebma:

v. krikovma, s. Cirikovma, Zmebma briaSinebma

araCveulebrivi wina sarestavracio mosamzadebeli

samuSaoebi Caatares. muzeumis koleqciidan zogi namuSevari

briuselis eqspoziciaze sabWoTa kavSiridan

gagzavnili eqsponatebisaTvis gankuTvnil pavilionSi

iqna gamofenili. sarestavracio samuSaoebi

grZeldeba. biblioTeka, romelic moicavs wignebs

Zveli rusuli xelovnebis Sesaxeb, xelnawerebiTa

da uZvelesi gamocemebiT mudmivad ivseba. muzeumi

interesiT agrovebs Suasaukuneebis rusuli xelovnebis

amsaxvel masalebs. 1960 wlis seqtemberSi mTeli

msoflio aRniSnavs andrei rubliovis dabadebidan

600 wlisTavs. amasTan dakavSirebiT moskovSi

Seiqmna iubiles organizatori komiteti. muzeumi am

dRisadmi miZRvnil gamofenas amzadebs, romelic

im adgilas moewyoba, sadac miwis yoveli goji dakav-

Sirebulia did rus humanist xelovanTan, romlis

xsovnisadmi pativis migeba Rirsebas matebs yvelas,

visTvisac Zvirfasia mSvidoba da humanuri ideebi.

12

statiaSi CarTuli freskebis fragmentebi

1. v a si l i e v s k o e d wodebuli ,,RvTismSoblis

xati, daxatuli andrei rubliovis mier 1408 w.

2. andronikovis monastris rekonstruqcia,

sadac imuSava, icxovra da miwas miebara a. rubliovi

(mxat. - r. varanovski)

3. vladimiris miZinebis taZris freskis ,,ukanaskneli

samsjavros detalze gamosaxulia angelozis

Tavi, romelic sayvirze ukravs. daxatulia

a. rubliovis mier 1408 w. Semoqmedi erTdroulad

gamoxatavs botiCeliseul keTilganwyobasa da rafaeliseul

meocnebe Rimils

4. vladimiris miZinebis taZris freskis ,,ukanakneli

samsjavros detali Sesrulebuli a. rubliovis

mier 1408 w. wminda petre marTalT samoTxisaken

miuZRveba

5. ,,yrma iesos ganbana, zagorskis samebis taZris

xatis detali. rubliovis skola (miaxl. 1420 w.)

6. rubliovis sax. muzeumi, me-11 da me-12 saukunis

xelovnebis mxatvrul nimuSTa darbazi

GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

didi qarTveli sazogado moRvawis, qarTuli

marTlmadidebluri eklesiis mier wmindanad

Seracxuli dimitri yifianis cxovrebisa da

Semoqmedebis Sesaxeb qarTul istoriografias

ZiriTadad xelnawerebi da fotodokumentacia

SemorCa. aqedan gamomdinare udidesi sulieri,

simboluri da istoriuli mniSvneloba eniWeba

yvela im nivTs, romelic am didi moRvawis cxovrebas

ukavSirdeba. am mxriv saqarTvelos

Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis

saxelmwifo muzeumi gamorCeuli siZveleTsacavia,

radgan aq dimitri yifianis cxovrebis amsaxveli

ori relikvia SemorCa. orive maTgani

qarTveli wmindanis naklebadcnobil SemoqmedebiT

moRvaweobas ukavSirdeba. amjerad

erT-erT maTganze SevaCerebT yuradRebas.

#2 (01) 24.02.2011


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

WWW.ARTPALACE.GE

# 1 (01) 01.09.2009 13


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GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

akaki da varinka wereTlebis Sedevri

mzia merkvilaZe

14

# 1 (01) 01.09.2009


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

cnobili qarTveli kompozitoris dimitri arayiSvilis

saarqivo masalis damuSavebisas, sxva dokumentebTan

erTad erT - erTi pirveli qarTveli

kompozitori qalis varinka wereTlis Sesaxeb metad

saintereso werils gavecani. mis Sesaxeb, mogvianebiT

sxva saintereso masalebic moviZie, ramac gadamawyvetina

statia mimeZRvna qalbatonisTvis , romelic

sayovelTaod cnobili simReris `sulikos" musikis

avtori da pirveli Semsrulebeli gaxlavT.

statiisaTvis masalis Segrovebisas presis furclebze

mivakvlie cnobas imis Sesaxeb, rom meore

msofliso omis dros `suliko" bulgarel partizanTa

sabrZolo himni yofila. mimaCnia, rom es

faqti nawilobriv dakavSirebuli unda iyos qarTvel

musikosTan, meviolinesTan iliko qurxulis

saxelTan, romelic gasuli saukunis 20-iani wlebidan

bulgareTSi cxovrobda da moRvaweobda. iqaurebs

qarTul simRerebs aswavlida da Tavisi musikaluri

skolac hqonda gaxsnili, aseve presis furclebidan

Sevityve is, rom varinka wereTlis Sesaxeb patara wignis

(avtori leri alimonaki) gamocemasTan dakavSirebiT

gamoqveynebul guram aleqsandrias statiaSi (gaz.

quTaisi #16 1972w. 22 ianvari) avtori ixsenebs, rom

gasuli saukunis 60-iani wlebis damlevs quTaisSi stumrad

aSS-dan studentTa jgufi imyofeboda, romelic

ZiriTadad niu-orkeli da kalifornieli axalgazrdebisagan

Sedgeboda. maT xelmZRvanelobda 45-50

wlis darbaiseli aristokratiuli ieris qalbatoni

esTer vaisi. qalaqis daTvalierebisas jgufi akakis

ZeglTan SeCerebula. maspinZelma stumrebs didi mgosani

warudgina da Tan daayola, rom igi `sulikosa"

da `cicinaTelas" teqstis avtoric gaxlavTo. Tavisdauneburad

moskovel Tarjiman gogonas `suliko"

wamouwyia, mas maspinZlebic ahyolian da uecrad yvelasTvis

moulodnelad maT inglisur enaze xma

auwyo qalbatonma esTerma. Semdeg ki gaocebul stumar-maspinZelTa

SekiTxvaze ase upasuxia, Cems qaliSvilobaSi

`suliko" Zalian modaSi iyo amerikaSio.

minda mec Tqvenma mona morCilma gasuli saukunis

samociani wlebi gavixseno. mSoblebTan erTad qviSxeTis

mweralTa dasasvenebel saxlSi visvenebdi, sadac

sxva cnobil adamianebTan erTad mwerali dramaturgi

oTar CijavaZec isvenebda da yovel saRamos saocar

ambebs gviyveboda. mas xSirad uTqvams yvelaze mZime

wuTebSi `sulikos" vRiRinebdio. igi 1928 wlidan emigraciaSi,

safrangeTSi imyofeboda (samSobloSi 1946

wels dabrunda), xolo espaneTSi samoqalaqo omis

dros erT-erT samxedro nawilSi msaxurobda, sadac

ernest hemingueis gverdiT ibrZoda. isini savele

korespondentebic iyvnen da maSin rodesac evropis

qalaqebSi zogierTebi italiuri faSisturi himnis

`jovanicas" hangebze marSirebdnen, WeSmariti patriotebi

da humanistebi `sulikos" RiRinebdnen. savaraudoa,

rom swored qarTvelma moxaliseebma, emigrantebma

da aseve bulgarelma, amerikelma, frangma Tu

espanelma TanamebrZolebma gaitanes da gaavrceles

mTel msoflioSi varinka wereTlis esoden naRvliani

Sinaarsis, araCveulebrivad melodiuri, gul-

SiCamwvdomi simRera `suliko". evropasa da amerika-

Si saswavleblad Tu samuSaod wasuli araerTi Cveni

Tanamemamule bevrjer Seswrebia im faqts Tu rogori

siamovnebiT asrulebdnen `sulikos samSoblos monatrebul

qarTvelebTan erTad maspinZlebic.

varinka-barbare maWavariani-wereTlisa daibada

1874 wels sofel cxrawyaroSi generlis spiridon

maWavarianis ojaxSi. ganaTleba quTaisis qalTa

gimnaziaSi miiRo. mas bavSvobidanve mSvenieri xma

aRmoaCnda. musikas cnobili lotbaris filimon

qoriZis meuRle musikosi zinaida vorobeci aswavlida.

varinka akaki wereTlis axlo naTesavs sergo

wereTels misTxovda. igi garda imisa, rom kargad

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mReroda gitaris TanxlebiT, Tavad mSvenier simRerebs

Txzavda, maT SOoris akakis lirikul leqsebze.

am garemoebam akaki da varinka metad daaxlova. iSviaTi

musikaluri niWiT, xmis Taviseburi alersiani

JReradobiT varinka yvelas xiblavda. maT Soris,

rogorc amboben, ruseTis imperatori aleqsandre

III-c yofila, romelsac `mercxali" uwodebia misTvis.

gansakuTrebiT kargad varinka gitaris TanxlebiT

amRerebda akakis leqsebs `sanam viyav axalgazrda" da

`rom icode Cemi gulis dardebi". 1895 wels akakim

dawera leqsi `suliko" da varinkas gadasca `Seneburad

xma gamouZebne da imRereo". SemdgomSi varinka wereTlis

mier Sewyobil hangebsa da mSvenier namRers

didi mgosnisaTvis aRtacebis cremli moufenia da

misTvis xelebi daukocnia. poetma varinkas `maisis

bulbuli Searqva" da 1897 wels leqsi `moxuci da axalgazrda"

miuZRvna.

`suliko" dawerisTanave elvisiswrafiT gavrcelda

da xalxis sayvareli simRera gaxda. Salva kaSmaZe

werda: `akakis margalitad asxmulma lirikam sauke-

Teso gamoxmaureba hpova barbare wereTlis upretenzio

simTa JReraSio".

niSandoblivia, rom bevri `sulikos" xalxur sim-

Rerad miiCnevda da misi melodiis WeSmariti avtori

CrdilSi aRmoCnda. am Tu sxva mizezTa gamo saavtoro

uflebis mopovebis msurvelni gamoCndnen.

gavida wlebi da pirvelad `suliko" notebze Cawera

qarTuli xalxuri simReris didma moamagem kote

focxveraSvilma, manve fortepianosTvis orjer

(1900 da1905w.w.) da Semdeg ki meCongureTa gundisTvis

daamuSava. 1937 wels qarTuli literaturisa da

xelovnebis I dekadaze `suliko" Sesrulebul iqna

avqsenti megreliZis mier damuSavebuli saConguro

akompanimentis TanxlebiT.

1938 wels saqarTvelos kompozitorTa kavSirSi

simRera `sulikos" avtoris garkveva-dadgenis mizniT

Sedga sxdoma, romlis oqmi xuTi oqtombriT

TariRdeba (inaxeba Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis

muzeumis xelnawerTa fondSi). sxdomis

oqms Tan erTvis lotbaris, qarTulis simReris

ubadlo Semsruleblisa da Semgroveblis sandro

kavsaZis xelnaweri dokumenti (daculia `Tmkq" muzeumSi),

sadac aRniSnavs, rom 1910 wels WiaTuris saswavlebelSi

moRvaweobis dros, elisabed wereTlis

ojaxSi, pirvelad moismina varinka wereTlis

simRerebi da aRtacebuli darCa. amave ojaxSi erTerT

Tavyrilobaze akaki wereTelic brZandeboda.

igi aRniSnavs: `dailia Tu ara akakis sadRegrZelo,

varinkam aiRo xelSi gitara da sruliad ubralo

akompanimentiT imRera suliko. uxaroda akakis da

gvixaroda Cvenc. es melodia maSin gavigone pirvelad

da sxvagan, garda amisa, arsad gamigonia. Semdeg

me Cavwere es melodia notebze. vadastureb, rom namdvilad

melodia `suliko" aris varinka wereTlisa".

metad sayuradReboa TviTon varinka wereTlis

welnaweri- gancxadeba daTariRebuli 1938 wlis 2

oqtombriT (daculia `Tmkq" muzeumSi), romelSic

igi mimarTavs saq. ssr xelovnebis saqmeTa saxkomsab-

WosTan arsebul sammarTvelos. gancxadebaSi naTqvamia

`simRera `sulikos" sityvebis avtoris akaki wereTlis

TxovniT 1895 wels Cems mier aris gamoTqmuli

da gitaraze dasamRereblad awyobili. am simReras

aRniSnuli wlidan ramodenime wlis ganmavlobaSi

mxolod me vasrulebdi da swored am gziT gavrcelda

igi mTel saqarTveloSi. yovelive amis dasadastureblad

me SemiZlia warmovadgino, rogorc

werilobiTi sabuTebi, agreTve sando mowmeebic,

romelTa CvenebiT gamoirkveva Cemi gancxadebis sruli

siswore. aseT mowmeebad Cemi mxriT vasaxeleb sab-

WoTa kavSiris umaRlesi sabWos wevrs Salva dadians,

umaRlesi sabWos wevrs ordenosans akaki xoravas,

#2 (01) 24.02.2011 15


WWW.ARTPALACE.GE

kompozitor ordenosans kote focxveraSvils. Cems

xelTaa sabeWd manqanaze dawerili varinka wereTlis

meore gancxadeba misi avtografiT, sadac wers: `Cems

mier Seqmnili simRera rac dasturdeba xelovnebis

komitetisa da kompozitorTa kavSiris mier. vinaidan

am simReraze avtorobis oficialur aRiarebamde

es hangi TiTqos, rogorc xalxuri daumuSavebiaT da

notebze gadautaniaT sxva kompozitorebs (megreliZes,

kilaZes, focxveraSvils da sxva.) me Tanaxma var

Cemdami kuTvnili am simReris saavtoro honoraris

mTeli Tanxidan gamoiyos 30%, xolo danarCenis

70% sruliad Cems sasargeblod unda darCes". am

gancxadebas Tan axlavs avqsenti megreliZis minaweric

Tanxis gamoyofis Sesaxeb da kompozitorTa kavSiris

ramodenime dadgenilebac.

metad sainteresoa 1946 wels papuna wereTlis mier

Cawerili varinkas erTi mogonebac: "me-19 saukunis 90ian

wlebSi saCxereSi yofnis dros akaki Zalian avad

gamxdara. ambis gagebisTanave mis saxlisken gaveSure.

im dRes akakis sanaxavad Camovida sazogado moRvaweebis

mTeli jgufi. karebSive Semomegeba vano ma-

Cabeli da misi meuRle taso, romelmac maSinve Tqva

aba Cqara gitara moitaneT, mxolod varinkas simRera

moarCens akakiso. fexakrefiT SevediT akakis ojaxSi.

is TvaldaxuWuli iwva loginSi. erT gverdze me davujeqi

meoreze taso. danarCenebi sulganabulni iyvnen

Cvens axlos. me Cumad daviwye simRera. pirvelad vum-

Rere misi sayvareli `sanam viyav axalgazrda", Semdeg

amas sxva simRera mivayole, vmRerodi kriniT, dabali

xmiT, rom didi mgosani ar Semewuxebina. cota

xnis Semdeg akaki gadmobrunda, Tavisi didi Tvalebi

SemogvanaTa da irgvliv, rom Tavisi megobrebi dainaxa

gaiRima yvelas sixaruli daetyo vanom ixumra "aki

vTqvi varinkas simRera moarCens meTqi. im dges akakisas

didi lxini gaimarTa. mis Semdeg akakim gamojanmrTeleba

daiwyo".

varinka wereTeli adre daqvrivda, man meuRlis

dakargva mwared ganicada, magram guli mainc ar gaitexa

da Tavis erTaderT vaJs gugulis, romelic

safrangeTSi umaRles ganaTlebas iRebda, imedis

TvaliT Sehyurebda. magram samwuxarod gamwvavebuli

avadmyofobis gamo sruliad axalgazrda 26

wlis asakSi xelidan gamoecala. 8 wlis ganmavlobaSi

varinka bneli oTaxidan ar gamosula, aravis iRebda,

simRerazec xom laparaki zedmeti iyo. am periodSi

zestafonSi Camovida cnobili reJisori kote marjaniSvili,

romelic kinofilm `samaniSvilis dedinacvals"

iRebda. mas Zalian moswonda varinkas

lamazi kar-midamo da gadauwyvetia Tavis filmSi gadaReba.

moridebiT uTxoviaT saxlis patronisaTvis

gadaRebis nebarTva. mgloviare deda aravis enaxveboda,

magram rodesac kote marjaniSvilis survili

Seutyvia, reJisori da misi jgufi (reJisori zaqro

beriSvili, operatori s. zabozlaevi da sxva) ojax-

Si miuwvevia da SesaniSnavad gamaspinZlebia. Semdeg ki

kotesTn da sxva wevrebTan erTad suraTic gadauRia

da mxolod maSin uTxovia guldaTuTqul dedas,

rom JgufSi misi vaJis suraTic CaedgaT, TiTqos isic

iyo am sasixarulo Sexvedris monawile.

varinka wereTeli gardaicvala 1948 wlis 21 marts

zestafonSi.

qarTveli xalxis yofacxovrebaSi musika yovelTvis

gansakuTrebul adgils ikavebda. mravali

qarTveli kompozitorisa Tu Semsruleblis SemoqmedebiTi

memkvidreoba warmoadgens eris saganZurs

genialuri literaturuli qmnilebebis, arqiteqturuli

Zeglebisa da unikaluri xalxuri mravalxmiani

simRerebis saxiT. maT SOoris udavod sapatio adgili

ukavia simRera `sulikos", romelic klasikuri

nimuSia poetur-musikaluri SemoqmedebiTi Tanam-

Sromlobisa, dafuZnebuli sulieri Rirebulebebis

16

GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

Tanxvedrasa da harmoniaze. SesaZloa, vinmes akakisa

da varinkas `sulikos" hangi ubralodac moeCvenos,

magram firosmanis tiloebisa ar iyos yvelaferi genialuri

martivi da ubralo ar aris?!


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

gamofena ixsneba: 16.03.2011 18 saaTze

misamarTi: Tavisuflebis moedani, evropis saxli

WWW.ARTPALACE.GE

17


WWW.ARTPALACE.GE GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

maria perini

leila WiWinaZe

1922 wels, TbilisSi, komendantis quCaze, komersant

arSakunis saxlSi daarsda saqarTvelos samxatvro

akademia. arCevani SemTxveviTi ar yofila _ am

gamorCeuli Senobis arqiteqtura (arqit. gr. ivanovi),

dizaini (interierebi gaformebulia TbilisSi momuSave

iraneli ostatebis mier) da iq gamefebuli

SemoqmedebiTi atmosfero, Tavisi esTetikiTa da

ganwyobiT, srulad Seesabameboda mis daniSnulebas.

amave Senobis fligelSi, 1937 wlamde ganTavsebuli

iyo akademiis profesoris, mxatvar henrik

grinevskis saxelosno da misi meuRlis, SesaniSnavi

italieli mocekvavis, maria perinis sabaleto studia.

henrik grinevskim, warmoSobiT polonelma,

samxatvro ganaTleba florenciaSi miiRo. saqarTveloSi

dabrunebis Semdeg is, d. CubinaSvilTan,

i.nikolaZesTan, e.lanseresTan, a.kalginTan da sxvebTan

erTad, Tbilisis samxatvro akademiis erTerTi

fuZemdebeli gaxda. akademiaSi grinevski aswavlida

perspeqtivas, arqiteqturul naxats, akvareliT

ferweras. misi studentebi (v. beriZe, d. ciciSvili

da sxv.) mogviTxroben, rom mas Zalian saintereso

leqciebi hqonda, araordinarul davalebebs aZlevda

Segirdebs da, amasTan, TiToeulis midrekilebasa

da SesaZleblobas iTvaliswinebda. leqciebs xSirad

saxelosnoSi atarebda. saxelosno didi ar iyo,

kedlebi dafaruli iyo wignis TaroebiT, naxatebiT,

mcenareebiTa da bevri lamazi sagniT. mas mdidari

masala hqonda, vinaidan monawileobda istoriuleTnografiuli

muzeumis mier mowyobil samecniero

eqspediciebSi, romelTa mizani iyo uZvelesi freskebis

gadmoReba, Zveli qarTuli arqiteqturuli Zeglebis

azomva da naturidan akvareliT Canaxatebis

Sesruleba. lamazi, artistuli da saintereso garemo

studentebs izidavda da mecadineobas gansakuTrebul

xaliss aniWebda.

grinevskis saxelosnos gverdiT misi meuRlis,

maria perinis sabaleto studia iyo ganTavsebuli.

perini CrdiloeT italiidan iyo da turinis samefo

operis sabaleto skola hqonda damTavrebuli. misi

maswavleblebi iyvnen gamorCeuli baletmeisterebi

da qoreografebi: dawyebiT klasebSi _ ferero, sa-

Sualo klasSi _ mengolo, xolo solistis klasSi _

legreni. amave TeatrSi maria perini warmatebiT gamodioda

iseT cnobil mocekvaveebTan erTad, rogoric

iyvnen: v.cuki, p.leniani, e.Ceketi (aRsaniSnavia, rom

Ceketi Semdgom, garkveuli xani (1892-1902), aswavlida

peterburgis samefo baletis skolaSi da misi moswavleebi

iyvnen SemdgomSi didi mocekvaveebi: a. pavlova

v. niJinski, m. fokini, o. preobraJenskaia da sxv.).

1890 wels perini Tbilisis operis TeatrSi

solistad miiwvies. ukve 1891 wels, saqarTveloSi

baletis pirveli Semsruleblebis, m.perinisa da

a.inoCencis (misi pirveli meuRle) sabenefiso saRamo

gaimarTa. qarTvel mayurebels pirvelad swored

perinim aCvena 32 fuete, agrZnobina evropuli cekvis

klasi da anaxa sacekvao nomrebis WeSmaritad virtuozuli

Sesruleba. 1897 - 1907 wlebSi is Tbilisis

saopero Teatris prima balerinaa, xolo Semdeg

aqtiur sakoncerto da pedagogiur moRvaweobas eweva.

perinisTanaa dakavSirebuli qarTuli sabaleto

skolis safuZvlis Cayra. klasikuri cekvis Seswavlis

miseulma meTodma, Taobebma romelic man aRzarda,

myari safuZveli moamzada qarTuli baletis CamoyalibebisaTvis.

18

aqve unda iTqvas, rom sabaleto da saopero xelovnebis

Camoyalibebas saqarTvelobaSi Tavisi winapiroba

hqonda. saqarTvelos ruseTTan SeerTebis

Semdeg, TbilisSi fexs ikidebs musikaluri saRamoebi

da mejlisebi, xolo qarTvel aristokratTa

salonebSi mkvidrdeba muzicirebisa da evropuli

cekvis tradicia. XIX s- is 40 - ian wlebSi TbilisSi sxvadasxva

sacekvao klasebi gaCnda, romelic mxolod

maRali socialuri fenis warmomadgenelTaTvis

iyo xelmisawvdomi. 1844 wels saqarTveloSi daniSnulma

kavkasiis mTavarmarTebelma, general - feldmarSalma,

grafma mixeil voroncovma sxvadasxva

saxis kulturul wamowyebas Cauyara safuZveli. maT

Soris umniSvnelovanesi iyo saqarTveloSi operis

JanriT daintereseba. aSenda saTeatro nageboba( italieli

arqiteqtoris, jovani skudieris proeqtiT),

Seiqmna saopero dasi, 1851 wels ki TbilisSi sazeimod

gaixsna operis Teatri, sadac idgmeboda rus da

ucxoel kompozitorTa nawarmoebebi. mowveuli iyo

italiuri opera, venis saimperatoro opereta, moskovisa

da peterburgis operebi, peterburgis saimperatoro

baleti da sxv. saopero dasTan erTad, TeatrSi

arsebobda mcire sabaleto jgufic, romelsac

xelmZRvanelobda moskovis sabaleto saswavleblis

pedagogi, baletis msaxiobi T. manoxini., xolo 1919-

22 wlis sezonebSi sabaleto dass saTaveSi edga cnobili

mocekvave da baletmeistri m. mordkini ( dadga

delibis ,,kopelia", adanis ,,Jizeli" da sxv.). .XIX saukunis

80-90-ian wlebSi TbilisSi cekvavdnen: sofio

fiodorova, aisedora dunkani, vera da mixeil

fokinebi. m. fokini TbilisSi Tavis pirvel novatorul

baletebs dgamda, magram klasikuri baletis

swavlebisa da popularizaciis TvalsazrisiT, maria

perinis Rvawli qarTuli qoreografiisa da zogadad

kulturis winaSe srulebiT unikaluri da fasdudebelia.

perinim 1916 wels, TbilisSi klasikuri cekvebis

pirveli qoreografiuli studia gaxsna, sadac

daidga saintereso sabaleto warmodgenebi: delibis

,,kopelia", sacekvao aqti meterlinkis ,,lurji

frinvelidan", da Sesrulda mravali sakoncerto

programa. perinis studiaSi aRizarda qarTuli

sabaleto xelovnebis mravali gamoCenili ostati:

d. da i.aleqsiZeebi, m.baueri, s.virsalaZe, n. da

T.ramiSvilebi, i.suxiSvili, e.CikvaiZe, i.arbatovi,

m.sulxaniSvili, s.sergeevi, m.kazineci, e.gvaramaZe, T.

da v.Wabukianebi, l. da e.semionovebi, da sxvebi.

1920 wels studias ,,saxelmwifo Teatris sabaleto

skola daerqva. skolis direqtorad perini dainiSna,

repetitorad ki peterburgis operis Teatris

cnobili baletmeaisteri n.sergeevi moiwvies. saswavleblis

gadasaxadi didi ar iyo, magram xelmokle

ojaxis bavSvebs ufasod aswavlidnen,rom ara perinis

aseTi humanuri, WeSmaritad kulturtregeruli midgoma

sabaleto xelovnebis swavlebasTan, qarTuli qoreografiis

iseTi didi warmomadgeneli, rogoric

nino ramiSvilia, ubralod ver SesZlebda cekvis Seswavlas.

nino da Tamar ramiSvilebi perinis studiaSi

maTi ojaxis baqodan Camosvlis Semdeg moxvdnen, magram

maleve mouxdaT mecadineobis Sewyveta usaxsrobis

gamo. perinis ar gasWirveba mixvedra, Tu ra iyo

niWieri gogonebis gauCinarebis mizezi. igi piradad

estumra ramiSvilebis ojaxs da Semcbar mSoblebs,

gamoucxada, rom is mzadaa usasyidlod amecadinos

aseTi imedismomcemi bavSvebi (aRniSnuli epizodi

Semdgom g. Sengelaiam gamoiyena filmSi ,,veris ubnis

melodiebi"). perinis studiaSi saxvadasxva erovnebis

100- mde mozardi iricxeboda da bevri maTgani swavlis

safasurs ar ixdida. ufro metic, aseTi kategoriis

mowafeebisaTvis perini specialurad dgamda

qoreografiul miniaturebsa da sakoncerto nom


saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis saxelmwifo muzeumi

rebs, xolo bileTebis gayidvisgan Semosul Tanxas

isev patara Semsruleblebs unawilebda.

1925 wels perinis sabaleto studiam Tavis mowafeTa

saCvenebeli dila gamarTa. am warmodgenis momswre,

poeti i.griSaSvili werda: `mayureblis Tvalwin

mohqrodnen mowafe gogonebi. yvelas etyoboda

perinis mzrunveli xeli da sergeevisa da arbatovis

mxatvruli gemovneba. dilis Taigulebad unda CaiTvalos,

rogorc ukve dasrulebuli sabaleto msaxiobebi

- lamazi oTxeuli: l. CikvaiZe, l. begTabegiSvili,

m. baueri, l. gvaramaZe. vaJTa Soris iSviaTi teqnikiT,

cecxliT da temperamentiT cekvavda v. Wabukiani,

romelsac uTuod didi momavali aqvs. sazogadoebas

Zalian moewona patara komikuri scena - ,,stiopka

- rastriopka", romelic cocxlad da xalisianad

Caatares da - Zma ira da dodo aleqsiZeebma. aRsaniSnavia

iras msubuqi da elastiuri cekva, dodos mimika.

es nomeri sazogadoebisTvis gameorebul iqna. sainteresoa,

rom aseTi warmodgenebis kostiumebisaTvis

maria perinis italiidan sakuTari xarjiT Camohqonda

saWiro masala.

1927 wels ganaTlebis saxalxo komisariatis xelovnebis

ganyofilebis iniciativiT gaimarTa maria

perinis artistuli da sabaleto-pedagogiuri

moRvaweobis 30 wlisTavis aRsaniSnavi saRamo. eixenvaldis

diriJorobiT operis TeatrSi daidga

,,jadosnuri tba" da sxvadasxva qoreografiuli

etiudebi. Semsruleblad gamovidnen perinis mowafeebi

da mis studiaSi aRzrdili mocekvaveebi. gansakuTrebul

yuradRebas iqcevdnen e.CikvaiZe ( ,,faskunji")

da e.gvaramaZe (,,bzriala"). ,,espanuri suraTebis

SesrulebaSi gamoirCeodnen: m.kazineci, n.baueri da

T.Wabukiani.

Tavad maria perinis, rogorc klasikuri baletis

mocekvavis qoreografiuli nomrebi daxvewili

da haerovani iyo. is kargad flobda sxeuls, asrulebda

ormag da sammag piruets, hqonda maRali

naxtomi, iyo zedmiwevniT graciozuli. mayurebeli

mas yovelTvis mquxare aplodismentebiT xvdeboda.

is dadioda milanSi, parizSi da ecnoboda Tanamedrove

baletis ganviTarebas. misi swavlebis meTodi

ganpirobebuli iyo im codniTa da gamocdilebiT,

romelic man miiRo turinSi da milanis ,,la skalas"

saopero TeatrSi. rogorc TvilTmxilvelebi

gadmogvcemen, mecadineobis dros perini sakmaod

mkacri iyo, moiTxovda srul koncentracias, gaazrebul

moZraobas, koordinacias. is iyenebda e.w.

`italiur ekzersis~ aseTi varjiSebi anviTarebda kun-

Tebs, ekzersisi sruldeboda, savarjiSo oTaxis centrSi.

swavlebis dros aqcenti keTdeboda mkveTri

da kontrastuli pozebis monacvleobaze, yuradReba

eqceoda Sinagani eqspresiis gadmocemas plastiuri

naxatiT, ritmul moZraobas, zeda da qveda kidurebisTvis

cal-calke varjiSebi iyo gansazRvruli.

perinis moswavleebi ixsenebdnen mas rogorc

Tbil, samarTlian, xalisian adamians, romelmac

mTeli Tavisi Segnebuli cxovreba daukavSira qarTuli

klasikuri baletis Camoyalibebasa da ganviTarebas.

isini xazs usvamen Tbil da lamaz garemos, sadac

perinis wyalobiT gaiara maTma bavSvobam. yovel axal

wels maria saxelosnoSi dgamda did naZvis xes da bavSvebTan

erTad rTavda. xandaxan saTamaSoebsac erTad

Wriddnen, Semdeg miusxdebodnen sufras, romelic

gemrieli italiuri kerZebiTa da tkbileuliT iyo

gawyobili. sadilis Semdeg imarTeboda koncerti.

am patara dResaswaulebSi henrik grinevskic iRebda

monawileobas. mas saocrad mokrZalebul da Tav-

Sekavebul pirovnebad moixsenieben, Tumca bavSvebTan

urTierTobaSi is iviwyebda Cveul akademizms da maT-

Tan erTad xalisobda. maria da misi meuRle erTmaneTSi

xSirad italiurad saubrobdnen, bavSvebs as-

WWW.ARTPALACE.GE

wavlidnen italiur sabaleto terminebs da sxv. maTi

saxli stumarTmoyvare da mxiaruli iyo, iq ikribebodnen

a.kalgini meuRlesTan erTad, l.bileviCi,

v.antonovi, n.madaTovi da sxv. isini TamaSobdnen,,

Cinur biliards, vaxSmobdnen ( maria SesaniSnavad

amzadebda italiur nacionalur kerZebs) saubrobdnen

Teatrze, operaze, kinoze. henrixs (maria mas

italiur yaidaze `enrikos~ eZaxda) gansakuTrebiT xiblavda

italiuri opera, jiraldoni, kavalieri. maria

mxatvrul literaturas ZiriTadad frangulad

kiTxulobda, rusulad ki aqcentiT laparakobda..

mas gamorCeviT uyvarda kino, da xSirad dadioda

filmebis sanaxavad megobrebTan erTad da rogorc

igoneben, misi xmamaRali, bavSvuri sicili xSirad gadasdebia

mTel mayurebelTa darbazs.

italiaSi dabrunebamde, 1936 wels, perini daeswro

misi aRzrdilis vaxtang Wabukianis mier Seqmnili

pirveli qarTuli baletis (,,mzeWabuki") premieras da

darwmunda, rom Turme mis Sromas ukvalod ar Caevlo.

qarTul balets saimedo momavali esaxeboda.

amave wels perini wardgenili iyo saq. ssr damsaxurebuli

artistis wodebaze, amisTvis emzadeboda kidec,

magram bolo wuTs komunisturi xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebma

gadaifiqres, vinaidan igi ucxoeTis

moqalaqe iyo.

1937 wels stalinuri reJimis msxverpli gaxda

perinis Svili, ferdinand inoCenci, romelic col-

Tan da or SvilTan erTad q. brianskSi cxovrobda.

aseve daiWires misi qaliSvilis qmari, q. taganrogis

metalurgiuli qarxnis inJineri, qaliSvilis bedi ki

dRemde ucnobia. 1937 wlis politikur represiebs

verc henrik grinevski gadaurCa. samocdarva wlis

asakSi es gamorCeuli adamiani da pedagogi cimbirSi

gadaasaxles, saidanac aRar dabrunebula. Svilebi da

naTesavebi ar darCenia. misi mdidari arqivi da mxatvruli

memkvidreoba ki TiTqmis mTlianad ganadgurda.

sabWoTa kavSiridan gaasaxles maria perinic,

romelic iZulebuli gaxda gaeyida yvelaferi, rac ki

ebada raTa mgzavrobis fuli Seegrovebina. saqarTvelodan

is jer turinSi wavida, xolo Semdeg gadavida

nicaSi, sadac mis das pansionati hqonda.

1938 wels maria perini nicaSi gardaicvala.

magram maria perinis Sromas sabaleto xelovnebisa

da bavSvebisaTvis miZRvnil cxovrebas ukvalod

ar Cauvlia. misi mowafeebis didi nawili saxelganTqmuli

mocekvave an qoreografi gaxda. zogi aqve

darCa TbilisSi, zogi ruseTsa da sazRvargareT

moRvaweobda. magram, samwuxarod maswavlebeli maT

warmatebas ver moeswro.

mravali wlis Semdeg, erT-erT Tavis mogonebaSi

v. Wabukiani ambobs: ,,bavSvobaSi yvelas gvqonda

naTeli, keTili zRaprebi... am keTili, zRapruli

samyarodan odesRac movida CvenTan maria perini..."

sabednierod, maria perinis mier mSvenieri italiidan

saqarTveloSi Camotanili es keTili zRapari

_ klasikuri baletis jadosnuri xelovneba _ dResac

ganagrZobs sicocxles da axal Taobebs silamazis,

harmoniisa da graciis amaRlebul samyaroSi ixmobs.

literatura:

S.kaSmaZe Tbilisis operisa da baletis Teatri. Tb.

1955w. ,,xelovneba", t.II

saqarTvelos Teatris, musikis, kinosa da qoreografiis

muzeumis xelnawerTa da saarqivo dokumentTa

fondi I.

19


WWW.ARTPALACE.GE GEORGIAN STATE MUSEUM OF THEATRE, MUSIC,CINEMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

a.baevi "komedia de'l artes" personaJi. moskovis Teatri studia "Ramura" xelmZRvaneli v.mWedliSvili.

qaR.,akvareli, 16 X 12, 1921w.

# 1 (01) 01.09.2009

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