qarTuli ena da literatura - Ganatleba

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qarTuli ena da literatura - Ganatleba

n. maRlakeliZe, c. yuraSvili,e. maRlakeliZe

qarTuli ena

da

literatura

maswavleblis wigni

wigni


n. maRlakeliZe, c. yuraSvili,

e. maRlakeliZe

qarTuli enisa da

literaturis

gakveTilebi meoTxe klasSi

(maswavleblis wigni)

gamomcemloba `meridiani~

Tbilisi

2009

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edaqtorebi _ neli elizbaraSvili

manana CikvilaZe

kompiuteruli uzrunvelyofa _ daviT kutubiZe

koreqtori _ marine kilaZe

© gamomcemloba `meridiani~, 2009

© n. maRlakeliZe

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meToduri miTiTebani maswavlebelTaTvis

naTela maRlakeliZis, cisana yuraSvilis, elene maRlakeliZis mier

qarTul enasa da literaturaSi Sedgenili saswavlo kompleqti IV-klaselTaTvis

moicavs Semdeg komponentebs:

a) qarTuli ena da literatura _ moswavlis wigni;

b) aqtivobebis rveuli;

g) maswavleblis wigni;

d) wignis samyaro-4.

`moswavlis wigni~ Sedgenilia erovnuli saswavlo gegmisa da qarTuli enisa

da literaturis sagnobrivi standartebis mixedviT. masSi Setanili sakiTxavi

masala SerCeulia da dalagebuli e. w. Tematur-budobrivi principiT. aq SexvdebiT

rogorc klasikosebis (SoTa rusTaveli, sulxan-saba orbeliani, daviT

guramiSvili, ilia, akaki, vaJa, iakob gogebaSvili, galaktioni...), ise Tanamedrove

qarTveli mwerlebis (nodar dumbaZe, revaz inaniSvili, goderZi Coxeli, otia

ioseliani, guram doCanaSvili, guram rCeuliSvili, ana kalandaZe, muxran maWavariani,

murman lebaniZe...) Semoqmedebis saukeTeso nimuSebs, aseve _ sazRvargareTis

saymawvilo mwerlobis cnobili warmomadgenlebis (mark tveni, astrid

lindgreni...) Targmanebs; garda sityvakazmuli mwerlobis nimuSebisa, vrclad

aris wamodgenili e. w. aRweriTi teqstebic, romelTa mizania ara mxolod kiTxvis

strategiebis daufleba, aramed sagnobrivi codnis SeZenac xelovnebis, istoriisa

da bunebismetyvelebis ama Tu im sakiTxebze. es, Cveni azriT, xels Seuwyobs

saganTSoris kavSirsa da saswavlo masalis integracias, rac dawyebiTi

klasebisaTvis gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovani da arsebiTia.

axali masalis damuSaveba xdeba swavlebis interaqtiuri meTodebis gamoyenebiT.

teqstis damuSavebisaTvis wamodgenilia sami tipis kiTxvebi

_ gagebaze, gaazrebasa da Sefasebaze orientirebuli. es

saxelmZRvaneloSi aRniSnulia saTanado pirobiTi niSnebiT da

maswavlebels vTxovT, miaqcios am garemobas yuradReba. aseve,

saTanado pirobiTi niSniT aris warmodgenili enobriv masalaze

dakvirvebac, romelic mWidrod ukavSirdeba sakiTxav teqstebs.

aq mocemulia is gansazRvrebebi, wesebi da savarjiSoebi, romlebic

xels Seuwyoben ara mxolod calkeuli gramatikuli kategoriebis

gacnobas, aramed maTs gamoyenebas praqtikulad _

zepirsa Tu weriTs metyvelebaSi. enobrivi masalis damuSavebisas

maswavlebels SeuZlia, damatebiT gamoiyenos amave avtorebis

mier Sedgenili (ukve aprobirebuli) damxmare saxelmZRvanelos

_ `Cveni ena qarTuli~ _ ganaxlebuli da gadamuSavebuli

gamocema, romelSic igive sakiTxebi ganxilulia meti siRrmiTa

da sistematikiT da xels uwyobs moswavleTa aRWurvas ZiriTadi

sametyvelo unar-CvevebiT.

saswavlo masala warmodgenilia 36 samuSao kvirisaTvis.

TiToeuli Temis damuSavebas sWirdeba daaxloebiT 2-3 akademi-

3

gavigoT

gaviazroT

SevafasoT

enobriv masalaze

dakvirveba

_____________

_____________

_____________

_____________

_____________

____________

sityvis salaro


uri saaTi (kviraSi saSualod 2 masala); aseve, gzadagza maswavlebels vutovebT

1-1 saaTs Tavisufali muSaobisaTvis. pedagogma Tavad gadawyvitos, rogor

gaanawilos es saaTebi.

`aqtivobebis rveulSi~ (ise, rogorc gasul wlebSi) warmodgenilia is ZiriTadi

savarjiSoebi da aqtivobebi, romlebic unda Sesruldes ama Tu im masalis

swavlebisas. ar vuTiTebT, romeli savarjiSo unda Sesruldes Sin da romeli

klasSi, es Tavad maswavleblis gadasawyvetia. aseve met adgils vtovebT `Tavisufali~

werisaTvis. savarjiSo maswavlebels SeuZlia, TviTon SearCios sakuTari

SexedulebiT. TiToeul masalasTan daaxloebiT 4-5 davalebaa warmodgenili.

ZiriTadi aqcenti keTdeba teqstebis agebaze, praqtikuli sametyvelo unar-

Cvevebis dauflebaze, weriTi metyvelebis kulturis daxvewaze. maswavlebels ki

(Tu mas dro darCa da aqvs survili) SeuZlia maTi gamravalferovneba. `rveulSi~

savarjiSoebis erTi nawili gankuTvnilia wyvilebSi muSaobisaTvis,

rac saTanado pirobiTi niSniT aris aRniSnuli. zogierTi savarjiSo

warmatebiT SeiZleba gamoviyenoT jgufuri muSaobisaTvisac.

garda weriTi davalebebisa, mocemulia testuri kiTxvebic,

romlebic ZiriTadad teqstis gaazrebazea orientirebuli. `rveulSi~ erTgvar

siaxles warmoadgens davalebebi moswavleTa codnis TviTSefasebisaTvis. maswavlebels

vTxovT, ar gamorCes es garemoeba mxedvelobidan.

`wignis samyaro _ 4~ warmoadgens sakiTxavi masalis krebuls damoukidebeli

kiTxvisaTvis. vecadeT, SegverCia iseTi maRalmxatvruli teqstebi, romlebic

saintereso iqneboda am asakis moswavleTaTvis; amave dros, iqneboda SemecnebiTi

da aRmzrdelobiTi xasiaTis. am krebulis mizania saklaso kiTxvis

gakveTilebze miRebuli codnis gaRrmaveba, wignze damoukidebeli muSaobisa da

kiTxvis unar-Cvevebis srulyofa,... masala aqac warmodgenilia Tematur-budobrivi

principiT (sul warmodgenilia 6 Tema: `Sen gitoveb, es qveyana Senia...~,

istoriuli sakiTxavi, `kidevac daizrdebian...~, `buneba mbrZanebelia~, `sibrZne

sicruisa~, `qveyana, saxelad `sikeTe~. maswavlebels, ra Tqma unda, SeuZlia

maTi gadajgufeba sakuTari Sexedulebisamebr.

`maswavleblis wigni~ gzamkvlevia pedagogisaTvis. misi mizania gauadvilos

maswavleblebs gakveTilebis dagemva Tanamedrove, swavlebis interaqtiuri

meTodebiT, uzrunvelyos im Sedegebis miRweva, romlebic erovnuli saswavlo

gegmiT aris gaTvaliswinebuli. gvsurs xazi gavusvaT im faqts, rom `maswavleblis

wigni~ aris mxolod da mxolod saorientacio da ara savaldebulo. pedagogs

SeuZlia masSi cvlilebebis Setana sakuTari Sexedulebisamebr. `wignSi~

warmodgenilia gakveTilebis scenarebi ise, rom maswavlebels eqneba maTi gamravlaferovnebisa

da SemoqmedebiTad gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba. aq miTiTebula

gakveTilebis miznebi da aqtivobebi, teqstze muSaobis ZiriTadi etapebi,

testuri davalebebisa da savarjiSoebis pasuxebi, ew. `damatebiTi informacia~

teqstSi aRniSnuli romelime istoriuli faqtisa Tu movlenis Sesaxeb... Ti-

Toeuli scenaris bolos saTanado kodiT (am kodiT aRniSnuli Sedegi maswavle-

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els SeuZlia ixilos `qarTuli enisa da literaturis sagnobriv standartebSi~)

miTiTebulia gakveTilis bolos mosalodneli Sedegebi. gzadagza pedagogebs

vawvdiT e. w. `sanimuSo gakveTilebis~ scenarebs, sadac detalurad aris aRwerili

gakveTilis TiToeuli momenti saorientacio drois miTiTebiT.

`maswavleblis wignSi~, pedagogTa survilsamebr, SevitaneT mokle biografiuli

cnobari Sesaswavli mwerlebis Sesaxeb, sadac mwerlebis ZiriTad

biografiul momentebTan erTad misi Semoqmedebis ZiriTadi aspeqtebic aris

mimoxiluli. xazgasmiT gvinda aRvniSnoT, rom es `cnobaric~ da `damatebiTi

informaciac~ gankuTvnilia mxolod da mxolod pedagogebisaTvis da misi am

saxiT miwodeba moswavleTaTvis dauSvebelia.

winaswar vuxdiT madlobas im pedagogebs, romlebmac arCevani Cven mier Sedgenil

saxelmZRvaneloze SeaCeres. yovel saqmian SeniSvnas didi madlierebiTa

da gulisyuriT movekidebiT.

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avtorebi


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

ana kalandaZis `saqarTveloo lamazo~,

martivi teqstis ageba – `rogor gavatare zafxuli~

nj{ofcj

_ poeturi teqstis aRqma

_ gamometyvelebiTi kiTxvis Cvevis daufleba

_ mxatvrul saxeebze dakvirveba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ martivi Tematuri teqstis ageba da wera

_ weris martivi strategiebis (weriTi davalebis mokle gegmis Sedgena,

teqstis daniSnulebisa da miznis gansazRvra, naweris koreqtireba,

TviTSefaseba...) daufleba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle gamometyvelebiT kiTxulobs teqsts

_ saubrobs saTaurisa da teqstis azrobriv kavSirze

_ gamoxatavs sakuTar damokidebulebas wakiTxulis mimarT

_ akvirdeba leqsSi gamoyenebul mxatvrul saxeebs

_ qmnis martiv Tematur teqsts

_ eufleba weris martiv strategiebs

I. leqsis gamometyvelebiTi kiTxva da analizi

1) gakveTilis pirveli nawili daeTmoba moswavleTa zafxulis STabeWdilebebis

gaziarebas.

2) maswavlebeli teqsts kiTxulobs gamometyvelebiT. udidesi mniSvneloba

aqvs maswavleblis nimuSs, ramdenadac swored gamometyvelebiTi kiTxvis proces-

Si xdeba moswavleTa provocireba, amave dros bevri ucnobi sityvisa Tu frazis

mniSvneloba SeiZleba, swored am dros gaiazron moswavleebma. aucilebelia, winaswar

sworad iqnes SerCeuli saTanado intonacia, tempi da xmis tembri, gaazrebul

iqnes logikuri maxvilebisa Tu pauzebis adgili teqstSi...

moswavleebi maswavleblis miTiTebiT varjiSoben teqstis gamometyvelebiT

kiTxvaze, gzadagza aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi (Zewna _ tirifis

saxeoba; naavadari _ daavadebuli; eWvebiT naavadari _ eWvebiT Sepyrobili;

sadari _ Sesadari, msgavsi; ros _ roca; danabindebi _ dabinduli...). aucilebelia,

kiTxvis procesSi moswavleebi praqtikulad, terminebis miwodebis ga-

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eSe, davakvirvoT, Tu rogor axerxebs mwerali teqstSi silamazisa da musikalobis

miRwevas (riTma: sad ari _ sadari, mzad ari _ sad ari... refreni: erTi da

imave frazis gameoreba _ sxva saqarTvelo sad ari?! aliteracia: msgavsi bgerebis

Tanazomieri ganmeoreba _ ca arca risi sadari... metafora: gorSi itirebs

atami...).

3) teqstis analizi _ a) waikiTxeT teqstidan is adgili, sadac aRwerilia

saqarTvelos buneba, b) moZebneT is fraza, romelic leqsSi ramdenjerme meordeba;

Tqveni azriT, ratom imeorebs poeti am frazas? ris gamoxatva surs mas am

sityvebiT? (`sxva saqarTvelo sad ari?!~ Casmulia brWyalebSi imis gamo, rom

igi amoRebulia gr. orbelianis leqsidan); g) Tu Cans leqsSi poetis ganwyoba?

romeli sityvebiT gadmogvcems poeti amas? (`guli safrenad mzad ari~), d) Tqveni

azriT, ramdenad sworad aqvs SerCeuli leqss saTauri?

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: ana kalandaZe _ (1915 _ 2008 wlebi), cnobili

qarTveli poeti qali, daamTavra Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis filologiis fakulteti

1946 wels, pirveli krebuli gamosca 1953 wels; misma leqsebma maSinve miipyro yuradReba sinatifiTa

da poeturi azrovnebis kulturiT, misi poeturi stili sisadaviTa da harmoniuli formiT

gamoirCeva; sinamdvile mis lirikaSi mxolod ganwmendili, gafaqizebuli saxiT aris warmodgenili;

maRali paTetikisa da wrfeli guliTadobis Sezaveba zomieri arqaizaciisa da sasaubro

intonaciebis SerwymiT aris miRebuli. misi leqsebis krebuli mravaljer gamoica. Targmnilia

rusul, frangul, inglisur, germanul, polonur, Turqul, arabul... enebze.

II. martivi Tematuri teqstis Seqmna

moswavleebi maswavleblis miTiTebiT adgenen martiv Tematur teqsts zafxulis

ardadegebis Sesaxeb. ecnobian `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ mocemul samaxsovros:

`erTad SevadginoT teqsti~:

1. SeTavazebuli saTaurebidan irCeven erT-erTs (`rogor gavatare zafxuli~,

`Cemi zafxuli~, `zafxulis STabeWdilebani~... SeuZliaT, Tavadac moifiqron

msgavsi saTauri);

2. adgenen gegmas (TanmimdevrobiT Camoweren sakiTxebs, romlebzec apireben

saubars);

3. adgenen teqsts am gegmis mixedviT;

4. kiTxuloben da asworeben sakuTar dawerils;

5. ukiTxaven sxvebs.

6. afaseben sakuTar nawers (rogor Sevasrule davaleba _ `Zalian kargad~,

`kargad~, `gamiWirda~, erTmaneTs udareben maswavleblisa da sakuTar Sefasebas,

akeTeben daskvnas _ ra gauWirdaT, ratom, momavalSi rogor unda aicilon Tavidan

mosalondeli Secdomebi...)

umjobesia, es davaleba klasSi Sesruldes individualurad.

Sedegebis kodi: IV.1, IV.3, IV.6, IV. 7, IV.10, IV.11.

7


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nodar dumbaZis ` bebia da zurikela~ (nawyveti), frazeologizmebi,

dialogi, sxvaTa sityvis -o o

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_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba, sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba

_ dialogze dakvirveba

_ sxvaTa sityvis -o-s marTlwera

_ frazeologizmebze dakvirveba, moswavleTa leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ kiTxvis martivi strategiebis (wakiTxulis gaazreba, miTiTebuli adgilis

moZebna, personaJTa saqcielis Sefaseba, wakiTxulisadmi sakuTari

damokidebulebis dafiqsireba...) daufleba

_ Seswavlili nawarmoebis mixedviT werilobiTi Txzulebis Sedgena

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss sxvadasxva pirSi

_ afasebs moqmed pirTa saqciels da gamoxatavs Tavis damokidebulebas

wakiTxulisadmi

_ wers

_ eufleba marTlweris sakiTxebs (sxvaTa sityvis -o, sityvis damarcvla da

gadatana)

_ muSaobs wyvilebSi, jgufurad

I. teqstis kiTxva da analizi

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass uCvenebs wigns `me, bebia,

iliko da ilarioni~, ekiTxeba, ra smeniaT am wignis gmirebis Sesaxeb (moswavleTa

umravlesobas nanaxi aqvs filmi, erT nawils ki unaxavs am personaJebis monumentebi

dasvenebis park `mziurSi~), n. dumbaZis romeli leqsebi ician... martivad,

klasisaTvis gasagebi eniT saubrobs n. dumbaZis Semoqmedebaze.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: nodar dumbaZe (1928-1984 wlebi), daamTavra

Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis ekonomiuri fakulteti, 1950 wlidan misi leqsebi da iumoristuli

moTxrobebi sistematurad ibeWdeba qarTul presaSi. moTxrobebis pirveli wigni

_ `sofleli biWi~ _ gamoqveynda 1960 wels. aRiareba moutana pirvelive romanebma: `me, bebia,

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iliko da ilarioni~ (1960 w), `me vxedav mzes~ (1962 w). 1975 wels romanisaTvis `TeTri bairaRebi~

mieniWa rusTavelis premia. misi nawarmoebebis optimizmma, Tanamedrove problemebis Rrma wvdo-

mam, Txrobis lirizmma da ganumeorebelma iumorma ganapiroba mwerlis popularoba. n. dumbaZis

nawarmoebebi Targmnilia mraval enaze. misi romanebis mixedviT (`me bebia, iliko da ilarioni~,

`me vxedav mzes~, `nu geSinia, deda,~ `TeTri bairaRebi~, `mziani Rame~) daidga speqtaklebi;

reJisorebma T. abulaZem (`me, bebia, iliko da ilarioni~), l. RoRoberiZem (`me vxedav mzes~),

T. kokoCaSvilma (`gza mSvidobisa, jayo~ _ romanis `nu geSinia, deda~ ekranizacia)... gadaiRes

filmebi, romlebic aseve didi popularobiT sargebloben dRemde.

2. teqstis kiTxva da leqsikuri analizi _ maswavlebeli teqsts kiTxulobs

gamometyvelebiT. am dros gasaTvaliswinebeli is faqti, rom teqstis didi

nawili dawerilia dialogis formiT. amitom aucileblad unda SeirCes saTanado

intonacia da tempi.

avalebs moswavleebs waikiTxon teqsti Cumad da moZebnon maTTvis gaugebari

sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. aixsneba: usulgulo _ civi, gulgrili; lafSiani

_ ityvian adamianze, romelsac didi piri aqvs; ucxvirpiro _ uxasiaTo; pir-

Savi _ usindiso; rumbiviT gagixdi cxvir-pirs _ imdens girtyam, cxvir-pirs

dagisieb; amoupiravi _ gaumaZRari; RvTis piridan gadavardnili _ Sercxvenili,

usindiso; moswavleebs avuxsniT agreTve safosto markis mniSvnelobasac

(Zvelad im werilebSi, romlebsac ar ekra safosto marka, adresati valdebuli

iyo gadaexada garkveuli Tanxa).

3. wakiTxulis analizi _ moswavleebi varjiSoben teqstis gamometyvelebiT

kiTxvaze (am dros SeiZleba gamoviyenoT rolebad kiTxvac: zurikela, bebia). akvirdebian,

ramdeni adamianis saubaria teqstSi gadmocemuli (ori: teqstis erTi

nawili warmoadgens zurikelasa da bebias dialogs), eZeben da kiTxuloben im adgilebs,

sadac ori adamianis saubaria mocemuli. gaanalizdeba, vin hyveba teqstSi

gadmocemul ambavs (Tavad zurikela), rogor hyveba (sasacilod)... metyvelebisas

rogor sityvebs iyenebs bebia (iwyevleba, iyenebs iseT sityvebs, rogoricaa: laf-

Siani, ucxvirpiro, pirSavi, RvTispiridan gadavardnili)... maTi azriT, ratom

iyenebs bebia aseT sityvebs metyvelebisas, TviTonac xom ar gaixseneben msgavs

sityvebs, romlebsac maTi bebiebi da babuebi iyeneben saubrisas, gansakuTrebiT

maSin, roca gabrazebuli arian; ratom uwodebs zurikela Tavis bebias `brZens~,

bebias ra `sibrZne~ Cans am teqstSi; ratom aris ganaTlebis saministros gadawyvetileba,

bebias azriT, `usulgulo~... daaxasiaTon bebia da zurikela teqstis

mixedviT da TiToeuli Tvisebis naTelsayofad teqstidan daasaxelon saTanado

adgili (mag. zurikela zarmacia imitom, rom ar exmareba bebias, ar uyvars swavla,

mis bebias xSirad ibareben skolaSi, acdens gakveTilebs, skolas gaWirvebiT

amTavrebs...); gaarkvion, Tu Cans teqstSi mwerlis damokidebuleba misi gmirebisadmi...

3. Txroba _ moswavleebi TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss. am dros

yuradReba maxvildeba III pirSi Txrobaze.

9


4. wakiTxulis gaazreba _ teqstis damuSavebis mere wakiTxulis gaazrebis

mizniT sruldeba testuri davalebebi (swori pasuxebi: 1 a, 2 a), aseve _ davalebebi:

#1 da #2. #2 davalebis Sesrulebisas moswavleebi winaswar adgenen gegmas

da zepirad muSaoben Txzulebaze. klasSi gaanalizdeba ramdenime varianti, Semdeg

ki igive savarjiSo sruldeba weriT, individualurad.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. sityvis mravalmniSvnelianoba: moswavleebi akvirdebian sityva `piris~

mniSvnelobas winadadebebSi: `piri imitom arsebobs, rom ena daatios kacma Sig.

piri zogs patara aqvs, zogs _ didi. visac didi piri aqvs, imas lafSians eZaxian

~ da frazebSi: `pirSavi kaci~ _ Sercxvenili, usindiso adamiani, `upiro kaci~

_ moRalate, matyuara adamiani; `ucxvirpiro~ _ uxasiaTo... rac Seexeba `zmnis

pirs~, maswavlebeli klass eubneba, rom sul male zmnis pirsac Seiswavlian da

sTxovs daimaxsovron es fraza (`zmnis piri~). aqve jgufurad SeiZleba Catardes

erTgvari Sejibric: vin met sityvas dawers `piris~ gamoyenebiT (xel-piri, Tavpiri,

pirnaTeli, pirsaxoci, pirutyvi, pirferi, pirjvari, pirquSi, pirRia...)

2. sxvaTa sityvis -o_s marTlwera _ dafaze iwereba frazebi:

`bebiam zurikelas hkiTxa:

_ rasaa, rom izuTxav?

zurikelam upasuxa:

_ zmnis pirianobas vswavlob.~

da

`bebiam zurikelas hkiTxa: rasaa, rom izuTxavo. zurikelam upasuxa: zmnis

pirianobas vswavlobo~.

moswavleebs vakvirvebT, rom pirvel SemTxvevaSi bebiasa da zurikelas naTqvami

sityvasityviT aris gadmocemuli, meore SemTxvevaSi ki zurikelasa da bebias

naTqvams imeorebs sxva (am SemTxvevaSi avtori) da orive winadadebas boloSi

o daerTvis.

am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba aqtivobebis rveulSi mocemuli #3 davaleba,

romelic iTvaliswinebs pirdapir naTqvamTan sxvaTa sityvis `o~-s marTlweras.

informacia maswavleblisaTvis: Tu visime naTqvami sityvasityviTaa gadmocemuli,

amas pirdapiri naTqvami hqvia. Tu pirdapiri naTqvami sxvis (III piris)

naTqvams gulisxmobs, mas Cveulebriv boloSi `o~ daerTvis, rasac sxvaTa sityvis

`o~ hqvia. Cven mier motanil yvela magaliTSi mTqmeli imeorebs sxvis (III piris)

naTqvams, amitom yvelagan `o~-s gamoyenebaa saWiro.

3. qarTuli anbanis ganmeoreba (davaleba #4).

4. sityvis damarcvla da gadatana (davaleba #5).

Sedegebis kodi: IV.2, IV.3, IV.4, IV.6, IV.7, IV.10, IV.12, IV.13.

10


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

otia ioselianis `qoCora mtredis motanili baraTi~,

martivi miznobrivi da Tematuri teqstebis Seqmna;

dialogi, monologi (praqtikulad)

nj{ofcj

_ literaturuli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ martivi miznobrivi (`skolis abra~) da Tematuri (`Cemi skola~)

teqstebis Seqmna

_ gabmul metyvelebaze varjiSi

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ martivi punqtuaciuri da orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

_ Txrobis dialogur da monologur formebze dakvirveba (praqtikulad)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs mxatvrul teqsts

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ afiqsirebs Tavis damokidebulebas wakiTxulis mimarT,

ayalibebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_adgens da wers martiv teqsts Temaze: `Cemi skola~,

_ akvirdeba teqstSi Txrobis dialogur da monologur formebs

_ixsenebs Seswavlil metyvelebis nawilebs (arsebiTi saxeli, zedsarTavi

saxeli, zmna) da amoicnobs maT teqstSi saTanado semantikur niSnebze

dayrdnobiT (ras aRniSnavs, ra kiTxva daesmis)

_ varjiSobs orTografiasa da punqtuaciaSi

I. teqstis kiTxva da analizi

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ SeiZleba warimarTos sxvadasxvanairad: a) maswavlebelma

klass gaaxsenos wina klasebSi Seswavlili otia ioselianis nawarmoebebi

da imsjelon maT Sesaxeb; b) klass jgufuri muSaobisaTvis SesTavazos Tema

`Cemi skola~. muSaobisaTvis eZlevaT daaxloebiT 5 wuTi. TiToeuli jgufi warmoadgens

sakuTar variants, romelic gaanalizdeba da Sefasdeba klasSi.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ maswavlebeli sanam teqstis kiTxvas daiwyebs, klass

ganumartavs, rom mocemuli nawyveti amoRebulia otia ioselianis wignidan `muxlze

dawerili moTxrobebi~. Tu wakiTxuli nawyveti daainteresebT, SeuZliaT,

biblioTekaSi am wignis moZieba da wakiTxva.

11


damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: otia ioseliani (1930, wyaltubo, sof gviS-

tibi), daamTavra ssrk mweralTa kavSirTan arsebuli umaRlesi literaturuli kursebi 1961

wels, moTxrobebs aqveynebs 1954 wlidan, pirveli krebuli `karis mezoblebi~ gamosca 1957 wels.

nayofierad muSaobs rogorc novelistikaSi, ise romanul JanrSi, wers piesebsa da kinoscenareb-

sac. avtoria aTamde piesisa, romlebic wlebis manZilze warmatebiT idgmeboda rogorc qarTul,

ise ucxour scenebze (`sanam uremi gadabrundeba~, `adamiani ibadeba erTxel~, `roca siyvaruli

mova~, `eqvsi Sinabera da erTi mamakaci~...). yuradRebas amaxvilebs zneobriv-eTikur problema-

tikaze. intensiurad muSaobs sabavSvi mwerlobis dargSi (`daCis zRaprebi~, `cagamTenia~, `muxlze

dawerili moTxrobebi~, `xelisgulistola zRaprebi~...). misi nawarmoebebi Targmnilia mraval

enaze.

maswavlebeli teqsts kiTxulobs Tavidan bolomde gamometyvelebiT. yuradReba

unda miaqcios im faqts, rom teqstSi Txrobis dialogur formas

enacvle ba monologuri, amitom maTi kiTxvisas unda SeirCes gansxvavebuli intonacia,

tempi da logikur-fsiqologiuri maxvilebi.

informacia maswavleblisaTvis: dialogi _ metyvelebis forma, romliTac gadmocemulia

ori adamianis monacvleobiTi saubari. aseTia teqstSi skolis darajisa da avtori saubari.

monologi aris mxatvruli saxis Seqmnis erT-erTi xerxi. is aris iseTi metyveleba, romelic

sxvi sadmi an sakuTari Tavisadmi aris mimarTuli, magram ar moiTxovs sxva pirisagan sapasuxo

reaqcias. gmiris monologSi gadmoicema ara marto misi piradi gancdebi, fiqrebi, aramed masSi

xSirad mocemulia nawarmoebis mTavari, sakvanZo ideebi. enobrivi TvalsazrisiT monologs axasiaTebs

Semdegi niSnebi: mimarTvebis, nacvalsaxelebis, II piris formebis siWarbe, ritorikuli

SekiTxvebi... mocemul teqstSi monologuri Txrobis nimuSebia: `aha, zarmaci da uqnara bejiTis

xarjze gadis... undaT Tu ar undaT, ibejiTon~; `ara, Wkuas ki aravis vaswavli... ra sakvirvelebi-

Taa savse samyaro~.

moswavleebi xmamaRla kiTxuloben teqsts da gzadagza xsnian gaugebar sityvebsa

da gamoTqmebs, risTvisac iyeneben `sityvis salaros~. maswavlebeli klass

avalebs teqstis Cumad wakiTxvasac da masSi garkveuli adgilebis moniSvnas (mag.

moiniSneT teqstSi is adgili, sadac aRwerilia a) cru da matyuara bavSvebis skola,

b) zarmacTa da uqnaraTa skola, g) moCxubarTa da ayalmayalis amtexTa skola,

d) avyiaTa skola...).

3. teqstis analizi _ yuradReba maxvildeba Semdeg momentebze: a) ramdenad

Seefereba nawarmoebSi aRwerili ambavi sinamdviles (ar Seefereba, ambavi xdeba

ararsebul qveyanaSi, romelsac saxelic ki ar aqvs), b) rogoria mwerlis damokidebuleba

nawarmoebSi aRwerili ambisadmi (Tavdapirvelad uaryofiTi _ `gavcecxldi,

magram ra gavcecxldi!~ SemdegSi igi icvlis azrs _ `iZulebuli iqnebian

gaanZrion xeli da ibejiTon~, `onavrebsa da CxubisTavebs sawyal bavSvebTan

aqvT didi guli~...), g) rogoria mwerlis damokidebuleba bavSvebisadmi (mas

Zalian uyvars bavSvebi _ `am ukidegano qveyanaze yvelaze ufro bavSvebi mizidaven~...),

d) rogor aris aRwerili teqstSi sxvadsxva tipis skolebi (kiTxuloben

saTanado adgilebs teqstidan), e) ramdenad marTebulia, moswavleTa azriT,

am tipis skolebis arseboba (aq SeiZleba mcire diskusiac ki gaimarTos, moswavleebs

eZlevaT azris gamoTqmisa da dasabuTebis saSualeba, moqmedebs principi:

12


yvela azri misaRebia), v) axasiaTeben sakuTar skolas da saTanado abrasac `ur-

Ceven~ mas (es samuSao SeiZleba SevTavazoT jgufuradac)... wakiTxulis gaazrebisaTvis

sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia a (zRapari) _ ambavi mwerlis

mier gamogonil qveyanaSi xdeba), z) vin da vin arian nawarmoebis moqmedi pirebi

(Tavad avtori, skolis daraji, bavSvebi)... martivad axasiaTeben maT.

4. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi adgenen gegmas (savaraudo

sakiTxebi: 1) mwerlis mogzauroba, 2) cru da matyuara bavSvTa skola, 3) zarmac-

Ta da uqnaraTa skola, 4) moCxubarTa da ayalamayalis amtexTa skola, 5) avyiaTa

skola, 6) werili bavSvebTan); gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss nawil-nawil am gegmis

mixedviT. Sinaarsis gadmocemisas yuradReba maxvildeba III pirSi Txrobasa da

dialoguri formebis perifrazze.

5. wera _ am mizniT `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ warmodgenili 2 savarjiSo: 1)

Sinaarsis gadmocema erT-erTi sakiTxis mixedviT (davaleba #2) da 2) Txzuleba

(davaleba #3). maswavlebels Tavisi SexedulebiT SeuZlia maTi ganawileba saklaso

da saSinao samuSaoebisaTvis.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. III pirSi Txroba _ gairkveva, vin yveba nawarmoebSi gadmocemul ambavs

(Tavad avtori, romelic amave dros nawarmoebis erT-erTi moqmedi piricaa),

ratom mimarTavs am xerxs avtori (rom ufro daainteresos mkiTxveli, ufro

zustad gviTxras Tavisi saTqmeli); gadmoscen teqstis Sinaarsi ise, TiTqos mas

gareSe piri gviyveba.

2. dialogsa da monologze dakvirveba (terminebis gareSe) _ moZebnon

teqstSi is adgilebi, sadac: a) ori adamiani saubaria aRwerili, b) sadac mwerali

mimarTavs, esaubreba sakuTar Tavs.

3. sasven niSnebze dakvirveba _ eZeben teqstSi adgils, sadac `mravalwertilia~

gamoyenebuli, ixseneben wina klasSi naswavl `mravalwertilis~ funqcias

(azri ar aris damTavrebuli); Tavad amTavreben azrs (`mSoblebs axlos

ar akarebT~... _ gareT ar uSvebT, axloblebTan urTierTobas ukrZalavT, bavSvebs

cudad eqceviT... `aq swavloben, TamaSoben, erTobian, mRerian~... _ aq yofna

Zalian moswonT, Tavs kargad grZnoben... `Tan cruoben, TaRliToben~..._ yvelas

atyueben, cudad iqcevian...).

4. sityvis damarcvla da gadatana _ davaleba #4 (ar gadaitaneba: aq, dRe,

da, ama, Tu, im, xalxs).

5. metyvelebis nawilebi _ davaleba #5.

Sedegebis kodi : IV.2, IV.3, IV.5, IV.6, IV.8, IV.9, IV.10, IV.12.

13


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

akaki wereTlis `gimnaziaSi~ (nawyveti `Cemi Tavgadasavlidan~)

sxvaTa sityvis nawilakis (-meTqi)gamoyenebaze dakvirveba

nj{ofcj

_ literaturuli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ teqstis monakveTebad dayofa da dasaTaureba

_ gabmul Txrobaze muSaoba

_ werilobiT Txzulebaze muSaoba, naweris koreqtireba

_ moTxrobis gagrZelebaze muSaoba

_ sxvaTa sityvis nawilakis (-meTqi) gamoyenebaze dakvirveba

_ qarTuli anbanis ganviTarebis safexurebze dakvirveba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs literaturul teqsts

_ adgens gegmas

_ werilobiT gadmoscems teqstis erT-erTi monakveTis Sinaarss

_ adgens martiv werilobiT Txzulebas

_ afasebs moqmedi pirebis saqciels

_ muSaobs sqemaze `vici, viswavle, minda vicode~

_ varjiSobs sxvaTa sityvis nawilakis `-meTqi~ sworad gamoyenebaze

_ akvirdeba da erTmaneTs udarebs qarTuli anbanis ganviTarebis

safe xurebs (mrglovani, nusxuri, mxedruli)

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (7 wuTi):

gakveTili iwyeba provocirebiT, maswavlebeli cdilobs mobilizeba gauke-

Tos moswavleTa codnas akaki wereTlis SemoqmedebasTan dakavSirebiT. klass

yofs sam jgufad, TiToeul jgufs Camourigebs baraTebs da avalebs baraTSi

mocemuli akaki wereTlis leqsis areuli striqonebi daalagon ise, rom leqsis

strofi miiRon: (jgufebSi muSaoba).

I baraTi:

1. naTeli _ Wkua-goneba,

2. sanTeli Cemi xorcia,

3. imaTgan gamonaSuqi.

4. sicocxle _ mokle patruqi,

(2, 4, 1, 3)

14


II baraTi:

1. Cemi xatia samSoblo,

2. ar SemiZlia mec gana?

3. saxate mTeli qveyana,

4. da rom viwvode, vdnebode,

(1,3,4,2).

III baraTi:

1. Sens miwas mimabareo,

2. Cemo samSoblo mxareo.

3. ca-firuz, xmeleT-zurmuxto,

4. deda-Svilobas bevrs ar gTxov,

(4.1.3,2).

moxdeba Sesrulebuli samuSaos prezentacia. TiToeuli jgufis erT-erTi

wevri gamometyvelebiT waikiTxavs miRebul strofs.

gaixseneben akakis nawarmoebebs: `ymawvili da pepela~, `WriWina da WianWvela~

(Targmani), `moswavle da maswavlebeli~. SeCerdebian am ukanasknelze. imsjeleben

romeli iyo marTali: moswavle Tu maswavlebeli, rogor imarTla Tavi maswavlebelma

mefis winaSe. am nawarmoebis mixedviT Seavseben winadadebas: `swavla

da mecniereba... (stumaria), Wkua ki... (maspinZeli), da Tu TavSi... (Wkua) mwyralad

aris, aRarc isini moicdiano~.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis.

mokle cnobebi akaki wereTlis biografiidan: qarTveli poeti, sazogado moRvawe akaki

we reTeli daibada 1840 wlis 21 ivniss saCxeris raionis sofel sxvitorSi SeZlebuli Tavadis

ojaxSi, deda _ ekaterine abaSiZe _ imereTis mefis solomon I-is SviliSvilis Svili iyo. pa tara

akaki aRsazrdelad ZiZas miabares sofel savaneSi. aq akaki ZiZiSvilebTan da mezobeli glexis

bavSvebTan izrdeboda. igi mTel dReebs atarebda yanebSi, tyeebSi, saqonlis movlasa da sxva

saqmianobaSi . 1852 wlidan quTaisis gimnaziaSi swavlobda, 1859-1863 wlebSi ki peterburgis universitetSi

aRmosavluri enebis fakultetze. studentobis wlebSive gaumZafrda mas mSobliuri

qveynis cxovrebis gardaqmnis, Tavisi xalxis erovnuli da socialuri TavisuflebisaTvis brZolis

wyurvili.

1863 wels colad SeirTo natalia bazilevskaia da erTxans moskovSi cxovrobda, Semdeg ki

samSobloSi dabrunda. leqsebis wera jer kidev yrmobis asakSi daiwyo. miuxedavad mudmivi materialuri

gaWirvebisa, arasodes Sesula saxelmwifo samsaxurSi, man airCia mSromeli qveynis

da eris keTildReobisaTvis, misi bednieri momavlis mopovebisaTvis uangaro moRvaweobis narekliani

gza. i. WavWavaZesTan erTad saTaveSi Caudga erovnul ganmaTavisuflebel da revoluciur-demokratiul

moZraobas saqarTveloSi. akakis udidesi damsaxureba miuZRvis `qarTvelTa

Soris wera-kiTxvis gamavrcelebeli sazogadoebis~ daarsebasa da mis mravalferovan saqmianoba-

Si, mudmivi Teatraluri dasis da dramatuli sazogadoebis Seqmnasa da muSaobaSi, qarTuli Jurnalistikis

ganviTarebaSi... misi mravali leqsi: `imeruli nanina~, `Cemo Tavo bedi ar giweria~,

`muxambazi~, `aRmarT-aRmarT~, `gazafxuli~, `WaRara~, `ganTiadi~, `suliko~ qarTveli xalxis

cxovrebis mudmivi Tanamgzavri gaxda.

erovnuli TviTSegnebis aRorZinebaSi didmniSvnelovani roli Seasrula akakis poemebma:

`Tornike erisTavi~, `Tamar cbieri~, `kikolas naambobi~, `gamzrdeli~, SesaniSnavma romanma `baSiaCuki~,

avtobiografiulma nawarmoebma `Cemi Tavgadasavali~.

poetis sayovelTao aRiarebis dadasturebacaa misi moRvaweobis 50 wlis aRsaniSnavi iu-

15


ile (1908), poetis mogzauroba raWa-leCxumSi (1912 w.), romlebic grandiozul erovnul dResaswaulad

gadaiqca.

akaki wereTeli gardaicvala 1915 wlis 25 ianvars, dakrZalulia mTawmindaze, qarTvel moR-

vaweTa panTeonSi.

aqtiovoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (15 wuTi):

maswavlebeli kiTxulobs teqstis pirvel abzacs, kiTxvas ganagrZobs kiTxva-

Si gawafuli sami mowafe (TiTo moswavle TiTo abzacs kiTxulobs). ganmeorebiTi

nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros moswavleTa ZalebiT daiZebneba da maTive monawileobiT

aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. gamoiyeneben saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemul

`sityvis salaros~, aixsneba agreTve gamoTqmebi: Tavze xeli gadamisva _

momefera; meti ra gza mqonda _ saSualeba ar mqonda; Cems dReSi ar menaxa _

arasodes menaxa.

tardeba gamokrebiTi kiTxva. maswavleblis mier dasmuli pirveli donis

kiTxvebis pasuxebs moswavleebi saxelmZRvaneloSi amoikiTxaven:

_ rogor eqceodnen gimnaziaSi axalmosul moswavleebs? (`axalmoswavle patarebi

ki... vidre am yofaSi iyvnen, sanam kiTxvas iswavlidnan~).

_ rogoraa aRwerili patarebis tanjva? (`warmoidgineT 7-8 wlis bavSvi...

vidre yuradRebas aravin aqcevda~).

_ amoikiTxeT akakis gimnaziaSi misvlis pirveli dRe (`SesvlisTanave pirvel

kedelTan damayenes... ufrosebTan damsva skamze~).

_ rogor sjidnen gimnazielebs qarTulad xmis amoRebisTanave? (`im dros

SemoRebuli iyo Tunuqis firfita... mTeli dRiT usadilod~).

_ dasjis es saxeoba ra gavlenas axdenda moswavleebze? (`am Cveulebas didi

gamryvneli xasiaTi hqonda... cbieroba-farisevlobas eCveodnen~).

_ amoikiTxeT akakisa da patara ymawvilis qarTulad gasaubreba (bolo

abzaci).

aqtivoba 3 _ gegmis Sedgena (6 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqsts yofen calkeul nawilebad da asaTaureben: (aqtivobebis

rveuli, davaleba #1)

wera-kiTxvis swavlebis meTodi Zvelad;

axalmosuli patarebis tanjva;

akakis pirveli dRe skolaSi;

sasjeli qarTulad xmis amoRebisaTvis;

patara biWisa da akakis Sexvedra.

(gegmis SedgenaSi monawileobs mTeli klasi, dasaxeldeba TiToeuli monakveTis

ramdenime saTauri da SearCeven ukeTess).

aqtivoba 4 _ orToepiasa da orTografiaze muSaoba (2 wuTi): daimaxsovre,

rogor warmoiTqmis da iwereba: SeeSleboda, saaTidan, naSuadRevi, igrZnobT,

cdiliyo: SerCeboda, tkbili, rasakvirvelia, Cemma mowinaaRmdegem...

aqtivoba 5 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (4 wuTi):

16


moswavleebi akvirdebian, vin mogviTxrobs teqstSi aRweril ambavs (mwe rali

_ akaki wereTeli)

_ vis uyveba mwerali am ambavs (msmenels). ukvirdebian agreTve saxelmZRvaneloSi

mocemul davalebas:

`ra genaRvleba, marto varT, vin gaigebs-meTqi, _ vexvewebodi me~.

`me maswavlebels vTxovdi, ar damsajo-meTqi~.

ras amCnevT?

amCneven, rom Tu vinme Tavis naTqvams sityva-sityviT imeoreba, winadadebis

bolos daesmis -meTqi.

aqtiovoba 6 _ Sejameba (3 wT):

moswavleebi ajameben, ra gaiges axali am gakveTilze (gaiges rogor aswavlidnen

wera-kiTxvas Zvel skolaSi, dasjis ra mTodebs iyenebdnen, rogor krZalavdnen

qarTul enaze laparaks, rogori meTodiT cdilobdnen Zvel gimnaziaSi

eswavlebinaT bavSvebisaTvis rusuli ena...)

aqtivoba 7 _ Sefaseba (3 wuTi):

moswavleTa Sefaseba xdeba zepirad, sityvieri komentariT, am dros yurad-

Reba eqceva rogorc saSinao davalebis Sesrulebis xarisxs, aseve klasSi CarTulobasa

da aqtiurobas.

aqtivoba 8 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`gimnaziaSi~ (teqstSi moiniSnon is adgili, romelmac yvelaze metad

daafiqraT; weriTi davaleba #2 (aqtivobebis rveuli).

II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ saSinao davalebis Semowmeba (2 wuTi):

gakveTils viwyebT wina gakveTilze micemuli davalebis (teqstSi moiniSnon

is adgili, romelmac yvelaze metad daafiqraT) irgvliv msjelobiT. maswavlebeli

im moswavleebs waakiTxebs, romelTac gansxvavebuli adgilebi aqvT moniSnuli.

gadmoscemen, Tu ratom daafiqraT im adgilma, rogori guneba-ganwyoba SeeqmnaT

misi wakiTxvis dros, moswavleebi Seavseben erTmaneTis pasuxebs.

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema (10 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen jer maswavleblis damxmare kiTxvebis

saSualebiT:

_ rodis moxda nawarmoebSi aRwerili ambavi? (Zvel droSi). _ratom fiqroben

ase? (teqstSi aRwerilia, rogor krZalavdnen qarTulad saubars, moswavleebs

aiZulebdnen, elaparakaT rusulad; naxsenebia sityvebi: nusxuri, mxedruli...)

_ rogor aris aRwerili teqstSi wera-kiTxvis swavlebis procesi gimnazia-

Si? (kedelze Camokidebul qaRaldze ewera anbani da akiTxebdnen moswavleebs.

patarebi erTi adgilidan meoreze gadadiodnen da roca Semouvlidnen kedlebs,

mere hqondaT neba, skamebze damsxdariyvnen).

17


_ patara akakisaTvis ra iyo ubedureba? (rusulis ucodinroba).

_ dasjis ra meTodebia aRwerili am nawarmoebSi?

(wkepliT cema, saxazavis xelze dartyma, fexze didxans dgoma, mSier-mwyurvali

yofna dilis 7-dan naSuadRevis 2 saaTamde, zogjer mTeli dRe usadilod

datoveba. imsjeleben, maTgan TviTon romels miiCneven yvelaze miuReblad).

_ rogor cdilobdnen Zvel gimnaziaSi, eswavlebinaT bavSvebisaTvis rusuli

ena?

_ ras miiCnevs mwerali `gamryvnel~ Cveulebad? (tyuils, dabezRebas).

moswavleebi adre Sedgenili gegmis mixedviT teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen

gabmuli TxrobiT.

aqtivoba 3 _ teqstis gaazreba (4 wuTi):

_ akakis Tanaklaselis ra Tviseba Cans am nawarmoebSi? (farisevloba, TvalTmaqcoba,

mliqvneloba, cbiereba, eSmakoba, Seubralebloba....)

-Tqveni azriT, ratom iqceoda igi ase? (firfita rogorme Tavidan moeSorebina,

raTa saRamomde usadilod ar darCeniliyo)

_ Tu avlens mwerali am nawarmoebSi Tavis damokidebulebas momxdari ambisadmi?

sad Cans es? (mwerals ar moswons momxdari ambavi, rac Cans Semdegi

striqonebidan: `am Cveulebas didi gamryvneli xasiaTi hqonda. ymawvilebi cdilobdnen,

rom erTmaneTi moetyuebinaT, gaebriyvebinaT rogorme da cbierebafarisvlobas

eCveodnen). sruldeba davaleba #4 (skola Zvelad da axla).

aqtivoba 4 _ moTxrobis gagrZelebaze muSaoba (3 wuTi):

maswavlebeli svams kiTxvas: maswavlebelTan dabezRebis Semdeg rogor

moiqceoda maswavlebeli? akaki? (zogis azriT maswavlebeli scemda akakis, da

kuTxeSi daayenebda Tunuqis firfitiT xelSi. akaki ecdeboda, rogorme sxva

bavSvi moetyuebina, raTa firfita sxvisTvis gadaeca, TviTon usadilod rom ar

darCeniliyo... zogis azriT ki, akaki ar daemorCileboda maswavlebels, sul datovebda

gimnazias...).

gaixseneben kinofilms `akakis akvani~.

aqtivoba 5 _ frazeologizmebze muSaoba (4 wuTi):

`Tavze xeli gadausva~ niSnavs moferebas.

ras niSnavs:

xels ar gaanZrevs? _ (arafers gaakeTebs)

xels aiRebs? (vinmeze, rameze) _ (miatovebs)

xels gamoiRebs? _ (iSromebs, gairjeba)

xels gaumarTavs? _ (daxmarebas gauwevs)

xelSi Caigdebs? _ (daepatroneba)

18


xelidan wava? _ (gacuRlutdeba, gafuWdeba)

xels waukravs? _ (cota xans moexmareba)

_ sxva ena ar vicodi _ aq ena niSnavs azris gamoxatvisa da gagebinebis saSualebas.

ras niSnavs:

enaze moadgeba _ (Tqmas daapirebs)

ena uswrebs _ (zedmets laparakobs)

ena uWris _ (kargi laparaki icis)

enas miutans _ (sxvis naTqvams gaumJRavnebs)

enas ver ibrunebs _ (xmas ar iRebs, laparaks ver axerxebs)

ena eqaveba _ (laparakis gunebazea)

enad gaikrifeba _ (bevrs ilaparakebs)

enaze adgas _ (icis da ver mougonebia)

aqtivoba 6 _ enobriv masalaze muSaoba (10 wuTi):

_ sxvaTa sityvis nawilakis praqtikulad gamoyeneba (asruleben me-5 davalebas.,

`aqtivobebis rveuli~)

informacia maswavleblisTvis: Tavisi (I piris) naTqvamis gameorebisas winadadebas boloSi

daerTvis -meTqi, romelic warmomdgaria me vTqvi-sgan. es nawilaki ixmareba marto zmnis

I piris mx. ricxvis formasTan.

_ akvirdebian saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemul damwerlobis samive saxes (mrgvlovan-asomTavruli,

nusxuri, mxedruli). sasurvelia, maswavlebelma gaacnos

ricxvebis asoiTi mniSvneloba.

informacia maswavleblisTvis: qarTulma damwerlobam Tavisi ganviTarebis periodSi

sami safexuri gaiara: mrgvlovani (asomTavruli), nusxuri, mxedruli.

mrgvlovani_ qarTuli anbanis uZvelesi saxe, saxelwodeba darqmeuli aqvs asoTa mrgvali

moxazulobis gamo; gavrcelebuli iyo V-IX saukuneebSi, IX sasukunidan gamoiyeneboda asomTavrulis

funqciiT.

nusxuri _ qarTuli damwerloba (IX-XI s.), romelic Semdgomi ganviTareba iyo asomTavrulisa

(mrgvlovanisa), meorenairad nusxaxucursac eZaxian.

xucuri _ saerTo saxelwodebaa Zveli qarTuli damwerlobisa _ asomTavrulisa da nusxuris

(mxedrulis sapirispirod).

mxedruli _ saxelwodeba Tanamedrove qarTuli damwerlobisa, romelic ganviTarda

nusxuridan me-11-12 saukuneebSi.

asoebis saSualebiT xdeboda Zvelad ricxvebis gamoxatva. Zvel qarTulSi iyo 37 aso. anbanis

pirveli 9 aso gamoxatavda erTeulebs (mag. a-1, b-2, g-3, d-4...), meore cxra _ aTeulebs (i-10,

k-20...), mesame cxra _ aseulebs (r-100, s-200...), meoTxe aTeuli _ aTaseulebs (C-1000, c-2-2000...);

mag.:

19


aqtivoba 7 _ avseben sqemas (5 wT): ra vicodi qarTuli anbanis Sesaxeb, ra

gavige da ris gageba mainteresebs (aqtivobebis rveuli. davaleba #6).

vicodi viswavle minda vicode

1. anbani aris garkveuli

rigiT dalagebuli asoebi

2. qarTuli anbani Tavisi

siZveliT gamoirCeva

3. msoflioSi sami

aTasamde enaa, anbani ki

_ ramdenime. maT Soris

erT-erTi qarTulia.

4. . . .

5. . . .

1. Tanamedrove damwerlobas

mxedruli hqvia.

2. Zveli periodis damwerlobas

mrgvlovani

(asomTavruli) erqva

3. saSualo periodis damwerlobas

nusxuri (IX-X

s.) erqva

4. TiToeul ricxvs Tavisi

asoiTi mniSvneloba

hqonda.

21

1. ramdeni aso-bgera iyo

nusxurSi

2. asomTavruliT wera

3. ricxvebis asoebiT

gamoxatva

4. . . .

5. . . .

aqtivoba 8 _ Sefaseba (3 wuTi): gakveTilis bolos maswavlebeli klasTan

erTad sityvierad afasebs ramdenime moswavles. Sefasebisas iTvaliswinebs

parametrebs _ saSinao davalebis Sesruleba, praqtikuli muSaoba, msjeloba

klasSi, prezentacia.

aqtivoba 9 _saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): `gimnaziaSi~ (TxrobiT). weriTi

davaleba #3 _ Cemi klasi.

Sedegebis kodi: III.1, III.2, III.4, III.7, III.9.


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

ilia WavWavaZis `mziani dRe~ (nawyveti `glaxis naambobidan~)

arsebiTi saxelis cvla daboloebis mixedviT (3 sT)

nj{ofcj

_ literaturuli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ sakuTari azris dasabuTeba

_ literaturuli masalis analizis, sinTezis unar-Cvevebis formireba,

kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ saTqmelis naTlad da gasagebad gadmocema, kiTxvebze adekvaturi

pasuxebis gacema

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ arsebiTi saxelis brunebaze dakvirveba (praqtikulad, terminis gareSe)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle aanalizebs da afasebs wakiTxuls

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss

_ ayalibebs sakuTar pozicias da asabuTebs mas

_ avlens gansxvavebuli azrisadmi pativiscemis unars

_ eufleba da metyvelebaSi iyenebs axal leqsikur erTeulebs

_ akvirdeba arsebiTi saxelis cvlas daboloebis mixedviT

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (7 wuTi): _ ivseba asociaciuri ruka:

swavla

wigni

22

codna


am Temaze Seswavlili nawarmoebebis gaxsenebis mizniT Catardeba aseTi

samu Sao: maswavlebeli yofs klass sam jgufad. TiToeul jgufs urigebs winaswar

momzadebul baraTebs, romelzedac amonaridebia Seswavlili nawarmoebidan

garkveuli davalebiT:

baraTi 1

`codnaze ukeTesi cisqveSeTSi araferia. mas verc wagarTmeven da verc mogparaven~.

romeli nawarmoebidanaa? rogor aris daxasiaTebuli codna?

baraTi 2

`roca mecnieri samSvidobis gavida, Tqva: Tavis droze Turme yvela xeloba

kargi yofila~. romeli nawarmoebidanaa? ras ityvi am nawarmoebis mixedviT codna-swavlaze?

baraTi 3

`Tu ram sasikeTo momxdara, momxdara mxolod swavliT, SromiT da siyvaruliTo~.

romeli nawarmoebidanaa? aq rogor aris daxasiaTebuli codna?

(pirveli amonaridi aris bulgaruli zRapridan `yvelaze Zvirfasi nayofi,

meore _ qarTuli xalxuri zRapridan `mecnieri da menave~, mesame ki _ g.

xorguaSvilis `natvrisTvalidan~).

TiToeuli jgufi msjelobs mocemuli sakiTxis irgvliv. maswavlebeli

ajamebs TiToeulis pasuxs ilia WavWavaZis sityvebiT: `codna yvelaferia,

fulzedac didi bazari aqvs, xmalzedac ufro metad Wris da zarbazanzedac

ufro Zlieria~.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: ilia WavWavaZe (1837-1907) daibada yvarel-

Si, grigol WavWavaZis ojaxSi, sadac jer kidev cocxali iyo Zveli saqarTvelos istoriuli

tradiciebi. 1848 w. miabares TbilisSi, raevskis pansionSi, sadac 1851 wlamde swavlobda. Semdeg

Sevida gimnaziaSi. 1857 w. Cairicxa peterburgis universitetis iuridiul fakultetze, sadac

oTxi weli iswavla (1857-61).

am oTxma welma didi roli iTamaSa ilias, rogorc pirovnebisa da moqalaqis, moazrovnis da

mwerlis CamoyalibebaSi. misi progresuli social-politikuri, filosofiuri da esTetikuri

mrwamsis SemuSavebaSi; swavlobda saqarTvelos istorias da mwerlobas, evropisa da ruseTis

literaturas, filosofias. am periodSi Seqmna erovnuli da farTo sazogadoebrivi rezonansis

mqone nawarmoebebi, romlebic aRmavali etapi gaxda XIX saukunis qarTuli literaturisa da azrovnebis

istoriaSi: poema ~aCrdili~ (1859 w.), poema ~qarTvlis deda~ (1860), poema ~kako yaCaRi~

(1860), romlebic mZafri erovnul-ganmaTavisuflebeli ideebiTa da socialuri problemebiTaa

gamsWvaluli. imave periodSi Targmna Sileris, haines, riukertis, baironis, skotis, puSkinisa da

lermontovis nawarmoebebi. dawera progresuli socialuri da erovnuli idealebiTa da siaxleebiT

aRbeWdili leqsebi: `guTnisdeda~, ~qarTvlis dedas~, ~Cemi Tariiarali~ (samive 1858 w.)

~nana~ (1859), ~qarTvel studentebis simRera~, ~muSa~, ~ianiCari~ (samive 1860 w.) da mravali sxva.

amave xanebSia dawerili ilias mxatvruli prozis SesaniSnavi nimuSebi: ~glaxis naambobi~ (I-VI

Tavebi), eskizi moTxrobisa ~kacia adamiani?!~, mravali werili, romlebSic naTladaa Camoyalibebuli

mwerlobisa da xelovnebis daniSnuleba da arsi.

23


1863 w. ilia aarsebs Jurnal ~saqarTvelos moambes~, 1877 w. ~iverias~, romlebic saqarT-

velos erovnuli, sulieri da inteleqtualuri cxovrebis erT-erTi ZiriTad centrad iqca.

ilia Tavis publicistur werilebSi, rogorc erovnul-ganmaTavisuflebeli moZraobis me-

Tauri, erovnuli burjis _ qarTuli enis _ dacvisaTvis brZolas mWidrod ukavSirebda mSob-

liur enaze swavlebas, saxalxo skolebis qselis zrdis moTxovnebs.

mTeli naxevarsaukunovani moRvaweobiT ilia diadi miznis ganxorcielebas _ qarTveli

xalxis erTianobas, erovnuli da socialuri TviTSegnebis gamococxlebas da amaRlebas, erovnu-

li da socialuri Tavisuflebis damkvidrebas emsaxureboda.

SeuZlebelia erisa da qveynis winaSe ilia WavWavaZis yvela damsaxurebis CamoTvla. XIX s-Si

rom saqarTvelos is ar movlenoda, ukuRma warimarTeboda Cveni qveynis isedac gaukuRmarTebu-

li bedi. Zneli iqneboda am erovnuli dvritis gaRviveba da aRmoceneba, romlis gareSec eri eri

ar aris da qveyana _ qveyana. albaT aman gaaRiziana da gadaria bneli Zalebi, Sinauri da gareuli,

da 1907 w. sicocxle mouswrafes eris mamas. Tavisi eris siyvarulisa da msaxurebisTvis arsad

mwerali ar mouklavT. es sircxvili saukuneebis manZilze gagvyveba!

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva da analizi (15 wuTi): maswavlebeli iwyebs

teqstis kiTxvas. waikiTxavs sam abzacs. ris Semdeg 3-4 moswavle ganagrZobs kiTxvas.

aixseneba ucnobi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi (gamoiyeneben `sityvis salaros~):

bar-sakveTi _ sasoflo-sameurneo iaraRebi

gulis viTareba _ gulis tkivili

eCo _ xis saTleli iaraRi

balani _ bewvi, Tma

misnoba _ jadoqroba

saxtad darCa _ gaocda

WoWmani _ yoymani, meryeoba, orWofoba ..

warimarTeba gamokrebiTi kiTxva. moswavleebs evalebaT maswavleblis mier

dasmuli kiTxvebis pasuxi teqstidan amoikiTxon:

_ ra pasuxi gasca petrem maswavleblis pirvel SekiTxvas? (`marTali gaxlavT...

upasuxa Tamamad petrem~).

_ romeli sityvebidan Cans, rom glexakacs bevri Sroma uxdeba?

(`dRe da Rame ofli unda viwuroT da puri ise unda vWamoT~)

_ romeli sityvebidan Cans, rom glexkaci miwis kmayofilia?

(`is dalocvili miwa Tavis dReSi ar daiRleba, ise ar gaZunwdeba, rom mibarebuli

erTi-orad ar dagvibrunos, tyuilad ki ar eZaxian miwas `dedao~).

_ ra SekiTxvebi dausva daRonebulma maswavlebelma petres?

(`rom ar gcodnoda, rom cecxlSi rkina rbildeba... ra geSveleboda?~)

_ saidan icoda petrem guTnis gamoyvana, xvna? amoikiTxeT petres pasuxi

(`mama-papiT, Seni Wirime! madloba RmerTsa, Tvali mqonia, minaxavs, yuri mqonia

_ msmenia, gulisyuri mqonia _ mivxvedrilvar, xsovna mqonia _ gonebaSi CamrCenia~).

_ rac unaxavs, smenia, mixvedria, gonebaSi CarCenia _ yvelafer amas ras

eZaxda _ petre? (gamocdilebas, Wirnaxulobas, codnas).

_ ra SekiTxva dausva bolos mweralma petres?

(`me rom giCveno imisTana ram... Soridan dagelaparako, ras ityvi?~)

_ ra Tqva saxtaddarCenilma petrem? (bolo abzaci).

24


gzadagza klasis saerTo ZalebiT, moswavleTa aqtiuri monawileobiT aixsneba

Semdegi gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi: ofli unda viwuroT _ bevri

unda viSromoT. xelis miwvdoma _ SeZleba, unari, risime gakeTebisa, moxerxeba

risime an visime dauflebisa; Wirnaxuli _ aq: vinc Wiri, gaWirveba naxa, Wir-varami

gamoiara. Seni kvnesame _ Sens magivrad me vitanjo, me viwvalo, me gamiWirdes,

gulisyuri _ niWi, alRo, mixvedriloba, TvalTaxedva _ sivrce, romelsac

Tvali swvdeba _ mxedvelobis are.

aqtivoba 3 _ wakiTxulis gaazreba (3 wuTi):

gairkveva vin aris nawarmoebis avtori (il. WavWavaZe), romel dros Seexeba

nawarmoebSi aRwerili ambavi (Zvel dros), ra aris nawarmoebSi mTavari (aucilebelia,

glexkacma icodes wigni).

aqtivoba 4 _ rTuli sityvebis orTografiaze muSaoba (3 wuTi):

glexkaci, gul-RviZli, bar-sakveTi, mama-papiT. gulisyuri, Wirnaxuloba,

dedamiwa, TvalebdaWyetili, Tavbru, Tvalaxiluli, Tavdapirveli, yvelaferi.

aqtivoba 5 _ dialogze dakvirveba (3-4 wuTi):

ramdeni adamianis saubaria teqstSi gadmocemuli?

(oris _ maswavleblisa da petresi)

aqtivoba 6 _ arsebiTi saxelis formacvlaze dakvirveba (4 wuTi):

`Svilis codvaSi vdgebodi... Cemma Svilma wigni unda icodes! Svilo, es dRe

daixsome! _ uTxra Svils petrem~.

_ ramdeni winadadebaa am nawyvetSi? (oTxi)

_ romeli arsebiTi saxeli meordeba yvela winadadebaSi?

(Svili)

_ rogori formiTaa TiToeul winadadebaSi?

(Svilis, Svilma, Svilo, Svils).

_ am arsebiTi saxelis romeli nawilia ucvleli? (Svil)

_ riT bolovdeba TiToeul winadadebaSi igi? (-is, -ma, -o, -s)

aqtivoba 7 _ teqstSi kiTxviTi winadadebebis amokiTxva (4 wuTi):

yuradReba gamaxvildeba kiTxviTsityvian kiTxviT winadadebebze (`rogor

Tu, ara iyo gvari misi?~ `wigni kargia, vin ar icis?~ ... ra geSveleboda?~ `amas sul

erTianad ras eZaxi?~ `ra vici, Se dalocvilo?~, `ramdeni Senze ufro mcodne kacia

qveyanaze?~ `ras ityvi?~)

aqtivoba 8 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi).

aqtivoba 9 _saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): ilia WavWavaZis `mziani dRe~,

davaleba #3. (aqtivobebis rveuli: teqstidan amoiwere 5 arsebiTi saxeli da

gaarCie mocemuli sqemis mixedviT).

25


II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstis kiTxva (5 wuTi):

moswavleebi kiTxuloben teqsts. gamoiyeneba kiTxvis yvela saxe, gansakuTrebuli

yuradReba maxvildeba gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze (teqsti dialogis

formisaa. amasTan mravladaa kiTxviTi da Zaxilis winadadebebi...)

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis analizi da Sinarsis gadmocema (18 wuTi):

maswavleblis damxmare kiTxvebis saSualebiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss:

_ petres azriT, ra aris glexkacis `wigni~? ras adarebs igi miwas? ratom?

(glexkacis `wigni~ aris dedamiwa. petre miwas adarebs dedas, radgan dedasaviT

arasodes daiRleba da arc gaZunwdeba).

-ra aris glexkacis `Tavdapirveli satkivari~?

(`... jer kuWi unda gavaZRoT, kuWi...~)

_ ras eZaxis petre Tavis `gamocdilebas, Wirnaxulobasa da codnas~?

(rac unaxavs, smenia, mixvedrila da gonebaSi CarCenia)

_ rogor cdilobs maswavlebeli petres darwmunebas swavlis saWiroebaSi?

rogor asabuTebs igi Tavis azrs? miaRwia Tu ara man Tavis mizans?

(maswavlebeli udasturebs petrs, rom qveyanaze petreze ufro mcodne uamravi

kacia, maTi codna rom petres codnas daematos, naklebi SromiT met mosavals

miiRebs... es dRe CemTvis mziania, _ askvnis petre).

am kiTxvebze pasuxebiT moswavleebi jer nawil-nawil, Semdeg ki gabmuli

TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss.

aqtivoba 3 _ teqstis gaazreba (4 wuTi):

moswavleebi msjeloben, aucilebeli iyo Tu ara petres vaJisaTvis skolaSi

siaruli, Cans Tu ara mwerlis damokidebuleba am ambisadmi, gamoTqvamen da adastureben

TavianT azrs.

aqtivoba 4 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (6 wuTi):

_ ra andazebs iyenebs petre saubrisas?

(`ara Sejda mwyeri xesa, ara iyo gvari misi~. `mjobnis mjobni ar daileva~).

_ ratom iyenebs am andazebs?

(Tavisi simarTle, Sexeduleba kidev metad rom daumtkicos maswavlebels...)

_ ilias romeli fraza axlavs teqsts?

(`uwignod TvalTaxedvis isari moklea~)

aanalizeben am frazas da adastureben mis kavSirs teqstTan.

_ `weRan me gelaparakebodi brma~ _ eubneba petre maswavlebels ratom

iyenebs am sityvas aq mwerali? ra igulisxmeba `sibrmaveSi~? (sibrmaveSi igulisxmeba

uwignuroba, ucodinaroba, gaunaTlebloba.

26


aqtivoba 5 _teqstSi Zaxilis winadadebebze dakvirveba (3 wuTi):

(`ara Sejda mwyeri xesa, ara iyo gvari misio~, Seni Wirime!

_ Cems gamocdilebas, Wirnaxulobas, Cems codnas, Seni Wirime!

`kargi iqneba!~, `imas vityvi, rasac mTeli qveyana ambobs, eg xom misnoba iqneba!~

`aba, magisTana misania wigni!~ `Cemma Svilma wigni unda icodes!~ Svilo, es dRe

daixsome!~ `es dRe me da SenTvis mziania!~).

aqtivoba 6 _ frazeologiuri muSaoba (3 wuTi). SeaerTe Tavis mniSvnelobasTan:

wyenineba gulis mocema

SeSineba gulis mosvla

gaTamameba gulis gaxeTqva

gabrazeba gulis tkena

Tvalis axela swor gzaze dayeneba

Tvalis axveva erT wamSi, swrafad

TvalSi eklad esoba awuxebs

Tvalis gadavleba gadaTvaliereba

Tvalis daxamxamebaSi motyueba

aqtivoba 7 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (4 wuTi).

aqtivoba 8 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`wigni da glexkaci~, davaleba #1 aqtivobebis rveulidan `upasuxe kiTxvebs~).

III gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvebze pasuxi (5 wuTi):

(amiT mowmdeba wina dRiT mocemuli weriTi saSinao davalebis xarisxic).

_ petres ra Tvisebebi Cans am teqstSi? (Sromismoyvareoba, dakvirvebuloba,

mixvedriloba, gamocdileba, Wirnaxuloba, mosmenisa, gagebisa da dajerebis

unari, siWkviane, Tavmdabloba)

_ maswavleblis ra Tvisebebi Cans?

(ganaTleba, gulisxmiereba, sikeTe, sxvisi daxmarebis survili, gansxvavebuli

azrisadmi pativicema, gagebinebis unari, Tavmdabloba...)

_ rogor aris aRwerili wignis mniSvneloba?

(wignis saSualebiT mTeli qveynis ostatoba da gamocdileba sul xelT

geqneba).

_ ras uwodebs petre misnobas? (wigns)

27


_ rogoria petre nawarmoebis dasawyisSi? dasasruls? ram Secvala igi?

(dasawyisSi aris brma _ ar unda Svilma iswavlos. dasasruls ki Tvalxiluli.

Tanaxmaa _ misma Svilma wigni icodes. petre Secvala maswavleblis Segonebam)

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema (10 wuTi): moswavleebi teqstis

Sinaarss gadmoscemen jer nawil-nawil:

1) petres Sexeduleba ganaTlebis Sesaxeb

2) petresa da maswavleblis saubari wignis Sesaxeb

3) saxtaddarCenili petre _

_ Semdeg ki mTlianad.

aqtivoba 3 _ weriTi samuSaos Sesruleba (10 wuTi): `wignis mniSvneloba

glexkacisaTvis~ (davaleba #2, aqtivobebis rveuli)

TiTo jgufidan airCeva TiTo namuSevari da gaanalizdeba klasis winaSe. Sefaseba-SemowmebaSi

aqtiurad monawileobs yvela moswavle.

aqtivoba 4 _ ilias cnobili strofebis gaxseneba (5 wuTi):

maswavlebeli ambobs ilias cnobili strofebis mxolod dasawyiss:

`sikeTiT sZlie Sens mtersa, eride sisxliT zRvevasa...~

`kacad maSin xar saqebi, Tu es wesi wesad darge...~

`wuTisofeli esea, Rame dRes uTenebia...~

moswavleebi ki amTavreben:

`sulgrZleobiTa Zleva sjobs vaJkacobiTa Zlevasa...~

`yovel dResa Sens Tavs hkiTxo, aba, me dRes vis ra varge.~

`rac mtrobas daungrevia, siyvaruls uSenebia.~

es muSaoba SeiZleba Catardes jgufuradac. maswavlebeli TiToeul jgufs

aZlevs baraTs, romelzec mxolod leqsis dasawyisi weria, moswavleebma unda

daamTavron igi da Tan gaarkvion, ris Tqma surs am leqsiT ilias.

aqtivoba 5 _ omonimebze muSaoba (3 wuTi):

`xerxi sjobia Ronesa, Tu kaci moigonebsa~

`mTa da bari gadaTeTrda~.

xazgasmul sityvebs meore mniSvnelobac aqvs, daasabuTeT.

(`glexma xerxi waiRo tyeSi SeSis gadasaxerxavad~.

`erTi xisagan baric gamova da niCabico~.

xerxi pirvel winadadebaSi moxerxebas niSnavs, meoreSi samuSao iaraRia.

bari pirvel SemTxvevaSi dablob adgils aRniSavs, meore SemTxvevaSi _ samkurnalo

iaraRs.

aqtivoba 6 _ sinonimebze muSaoba (2 wuTi):

Secvale msgavsi mniSvnelobis sityvebiT:

Wkviani _ gonieri, azriani, brZeni

gulisyuri _ yuradReba, Sesmena

28


WoWmani _ yoymani, orWofoba, meryeoba, gaubedaoba

mcodne _ swavluli, ganaTlebuli

saxtad darCena _ gakvirveba, gaoceba, gaceceba, gaStereba.

mwvrTneli _ maswavlebeli, aRmzrdeli, moZRvari, damrigebeli

aqtivoba 7 _ nasaxelar zmnebze dakvirveba (terminis gareSe) (2 wuTi):

gamdidrdeba _ mdidari

gaRaribdeba _ . . .

gaborotdeba _ . . .

gaavdeba _ . . .

gasuleldeba _ . . .

aqtivoba 8 _ arsebiTi saxelebis formacvlaze dakvirveba (3 wuTi): savarjiSo

#4 aqtivobebis rveulSi). daasruleben sityvebs (kaci, kacma, kacs, kacis,

kaciT, kacad, kaco)

sityvis `kaci~ daboloeba Svidnairad Seicvala: -i, -ma, -s, is, -iT, -ad, -o.

ucvleli darCa sityvis nawili kac.

ba.

aqtivoba 9 _ gakveTilis Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi).

aqtivoba 10 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`wigni da glexkaci~ (TxrobiT). am teqstis mixedviT sami SekiTxvis mofiqre-

Sedegebis kodi : IV.1, IV.3, IV.4, IV.5, IV.7, IV.12, IV.10, IV.12.

29


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`sami mecnieri da erTi glexi~, arsebiTi saxelis cvla daboloebis

mixedviT – bruneba (TanxmovanfuZiani, fuZeukumSveli saxelebis

magaliTze)

nj{ofcj

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ wakiTxulis Sefaseba, daskvnebis gakeTeba da sakuTari azris dasabuTeba

_ Tematuri teqstis ageba da wera

_ arsebiTi saxelis brunebaze dakvirveba, brunvaTa saxelwodebebis

gacnoba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ yofs teqsts nawilebad, adgens gegmas

_gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss rogorc TxrobiT, ise _ werilobiT

_ adgens da wers martiv Tematur teqsts saTaurisa da sayrdeni sityvebis

gamoyenebiT

_ akvirdeba arsebiTi saxelis formacvlas daboloebis mixedviT, gaiazrebs

terminebs: `bruneba~, `brunvis niSnebi~, `brunvaTa saxelwodebani~

_ muSaobs jgufurad da individualurad

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ SeiZleba warimarTos sxvadasxvanairad: a) maswavlebeli

klass yofs jgufebad, TiToeul jgufs davalebad aZlevs gaiazros,

ras niSnavs ilia WavWavaZis fraza: `arc uwignoba varga da arc marto wignidan

gamoxedva~. mosafiqreblad eZlevaT ramdenime wuTi. TiToeuli jgufi warmoadgens

sakuTar variants, romelic ganixileba da gaanalizdeba klasis aqtiuri

monawileobiT.

b) dafaze ixazeba gonebrivi ieriSis ruka, romelic unda Seivsos klasis

saerTo ZalebiT:

30


sxvisi gamocdileba

wigni

sakuTari gamocdileba

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts Tavidan bolomde kiTxulobs kiTxvaSi gawafuli

romelime moswavle. gzadagza aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi: adgilmdebareoba

_ raime adgilis geografiuli mdebareoba; gaavdrdeba _ cudi amindi iqneba;

Semergeba _ aq: margebs...

gairkveva, ra mizniT dadiodnen mecnierebi soflebSi (amindisa da agilmdebareobis

Sesaswavlad), ram gaaoca isini (glexkacis vaxSamma _ man Zilis win

lobio miirTva da sasmelic daayola), rogor ivaxSmes Tavad mecnierebma (ufro

msubuqad, magram gemrielad), rogor axsna glexma Tavisi moqmedeba (`me vici, ra

TanmimdevrobiTac unda mivirTva, Wamamde arayi davlie, Wamis damTavrebisas _

Rvino, SuaSi lobio movaqcie;~ sasmeli bevri ar daulevia, ase miRebuli sakvebi ki,

glexkacis azriT, saWmlis monelebas uwyobs xels); ratom urCia glexma stumrebs

Sin dawola (is winaswar grZnobda, rom amindi Seicvleboda), sad SeiZina glexma

codna, vin iyo misi maswavlebeli (glexs es codna misca gamocdilebam, cxovrebaze

dakvirvebam, mas specialuri ganaTleba ar miuRia da arc wignebi waukiTxavs),

ra azria am nawarmoebSi gatarebuli (codna marto wignebidan ar SeiZineba, amisaTvis

saWiroa cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebac, dakvirveba, sxvisi gamocdilebis

gaTvaliswineba...).

moswavleebi martivad axasiaTeben mecnierebs, glexs; asabuTeben sakuTar

azrs teqstidan (mecnierebi ganaTlebulebi arian, magram ar esmiT bunebis ena,

maT mxolod wignidan amokiTxuli codna aqvT; glexkacs ki ganaTleba ar miuRia

skolaSi, arc wignebi waukiTxavs, magram aqvs gamocdileba, akvirdeba sagnebsa da

movlenebs da ise gamoaqvs daskvnebi, esmis bunebis `ena~ _ es xalxuri sibrZnea,

romelic Taobidan Taobas gadaecema)...

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ maswavlebeli klass avalebs waikiTxon

testi Cumad, dayon calkeul monakveTebad da Seadginon gegma (davaleba #1), am

gegmis mixedviT klasSi TxrobiT gadmoscemen wakiTxulis Sinaarss, Sin ki werilobiT

asruleben #2 davalebas.

4. teqstis ageba _ davaleba #3.

codna

31

swavla

rCeva-darigeba


II. gramatikul masalaze muSaoba

arsebiTi saxelis bruneba _ dafaze winaswar aris Camowerili winadadebebi:

1) velze mSvenieri yvavili gaifurCqna.

2) yvavilma iqauroba daamSvena.

3) yvavils maSinve pepela ewvia.

4) yvavilis surneliT gabruebuli didxans dastrialebda Tavs.

5) yvaviliT damSvenebuli mindori bavSvebsac izidavda.

6) pepelac ki yvavilad moeCvenaT patarebs.

7) yvavilo, Cvenc moxiblulebi varT Seni mSvenebiT.

moswavleebs evalebaT, TanmimdevrobiT amoweron am winadadebebidan is

sityva, romelic yvelgan meordeba (yvavili, yvavilma, yvavils, yvavilis, yvaviliT,

yvavilad, yvavilo); akvirdebian, ramdennairad Seicvala daboloeba am

sityvam (7-nairad); Seicvala Tu ara am dros misi mniSvneloba (ara, Seicvala mxolod

daboloeba). ecnobian brunebis raobas _ `arsebiTi saxelis cvalas daboloebis

mixedviT bruneba ewodeba. TiToeul brunvas Tavisi saxelwodeba

aqvs: saxelobiTi, moTxrobiTi, micemiTi, naTesaobiTi, moqmedebiTi, viTarebiTi,

wodebiTi~. am saxelwodebebs Tanmimdevrulad miuweren saTanado brunvis

formebs:

saxelobiTi yvavili

moTxrobiTi yvavilma

micemiTi yvavils

naTesaobiTi yvavilis

moqmedebiTi yvaviliT

viTarebiTi yvavilad

wodebiTi yvavilo

(am etapze moswavleebs vakvirvebT mxolod brunebis raobaze da vacnobT

brunvaTa saxelwodebebs brunvis niSnebis gareSe).

am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba saxelmZRvanelos me-19 gverdze moTavsebuli

savarjiSo, aseve `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ davalebebi: #4 da #5.

Sedegebis kodi : IV.3, IV.4, IV.6, IV.9, IV.10, IV.12, IV.13.

32


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

daviT guramiSvilis `swavla moswavleTa~ (nawyveti); aforizmi;

arsebiTi saxelis bruneba, brunvaTa saxelwodebani, brunvis niSnebi

(wina Temis gagrZeleba), arsebiTi saxelis fuZe

nj{ofcj

_ poeturi teqstis aRqma

_ nawarmoebis enobriv-gamomsaxvelobiT mxareze dakvirveba

_ d. guramiSvilis Sesaxeb martivi saganmanaTleblo informaciis miwodeba

_ gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze varjiSi

_ aforizmebze dakvirveba

_ arsebiTi saxelis brunebaze dakvirveba, brunvis niSnebisa da fuZis

gacnoba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da gaiazrebs teqsts

_ varjiSobs gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze

_ akvirdeba mxatvrul saxeebs, aforistul gamoTqmebs

_ Seswavlili nawarmoebis mixedviT wers martiv Tematur teqstebs

_ varjiSobs TanxmovanfuZiani, fuZeukumSveli saxelebis brunebaze,

ecnoba brunvis niSnebisa da fuZis raobas

III. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass uCvenebs d. guramiSvilis

portrets da martivad, klasisaTvis gasagebi eniT saubrobs mis cxovrebasa da

Semoqmedebaze. SeiZleba klass gaaxsenos kinofilmi `daviT guramiSvili~.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

daviT guramiSvili (1705-1792) daibada saguramoSi. siWabuke Tavis mamulSi, saguramo-

Si gaatara. Semdeg misi cxovreba tragikulad warimarTa. guramiSvilebis ojaxi qsnis xeobaSi

sofel lamisyanaSi gaixizna. swored aqedan gaitaces daviT guramiSvili lekebma da daatyveves

sof. oroqoloSi. igi tyveobidan gaipara 1729 w. ruseTSi CaaRwia da qarTlidan ltolvili vaxtang

VI-is amalas SeuerTda.

1738-60 wlebSi daviTi monawileobda osmaleTis, Sveciisa da prusiis winaaRmdeg ruseTis

laSqrobebSi, Tavi isaxela simamaciT. prusiis omSi tyved Cavarda da 1759 w. dekembramde magde-

33


urgis cixeSi ijda. tyveobidan poeti dauZlurebuli Camovida. 1760 w. Tavi daaneba samxedro

samsaxurs da meuRlesTan tatiana avaliSvilTan erTad sabolood damkvidrda ukrainaSi, Tavis

mamulSi, gardaicvala mirgorodSi, dasaflavebulia RvTismSoblis miZinebis taZris ezoSi.

1787 w. poetma sakuTari xeliT gadawera da erT wignSi `daviTianSi~ mouyara Tavi yvela

im Txzulebas, romlebsac mTeli sicocxle qmnida da potiomkinis karze myof mirian batoniS-

vils (erekles Zes) gamoatana saqarTveloSi. esaa samSoblos ubedurebiT gulSeZruli poetis

moTqma da godeba. poeti Rrmad Caswvda im mizezebs, romlebmac saqarTvelo ufskrulis piras

miiyvanes.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _maswavlebeli teqsts kiTxulobs Tavidan

bolomde gamometyvelebiT, Semdeg akiTxebs moswavleebs, klasis saer-

To ZalebiT gzadagza aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi (ix. `sityvis

salaro~). avalebs kidev erTxel waikiTxon leqsi Cumad da moZebnon, Tu darCa

maTTvis gaugebari romelime sityva an fraza. aseTebi ki leqsSi mravlad aris.

sityvebis didi nawili warmoadgens leqsikur an gramatikul arqaizmebs, maswavlebelma

aucileb lad unda gaamaxvilos am faqtze yuradReba. moswavleebs maT-

Tvis gasagebi eniT auxsnis, rom amgvari formebis siWarbe leqsSi gamowveulia

misi siZveliT _ igi daiwera me-18 saukuneSi, maSin amgvari formebi sayovelTaod

miRebul normas warmoadgenda. `sityvis salaroSi~ miTiTebuli leqsikuri er-

Teulebis garda, moswavleTaTavis SeiZleba gaugebari aRmoCndes Semdegi sityvebi

da gamoTqmebi: miiTvli_aq: miiCnev, `Svebad miiTvli vnebasa~ _ vnebas,

gaWirvebasac ki lxinad miiCnev; sikvdimde _ sikvdilamde; `ar aris gasyofeli~

_ ar aris gasayofi, ar gaiyofa; razoms _ ramdenad, `razomsac daetarebis~ _

ramdenadac ki SesaZlebelia misi tareba; `xeli ar Saekarebis~ _xels ver Seaxeb;

malviT _ uCumrad; moixmarebis _ moixmareba, gamoiyeneba; `Wkva codniT moixmarebis~

_ Wkuis gamoyenebas codna unda...

leqsis analizisas yuradReba gamaxvildeba Semdeg momentebze: a) vis mimar-

Tavs am leqsiT poeti (moswavleebs, `swavlis mZebnelebs~), sad, leqsis romel

striqonSi Cans es (`ismine, swavlis mZebnelo~), ras urCevs igi axalgazrdebs (`jer

mware Wame, kvlav tkbili~), ras gulisxmobs poeti `simwareSi~ (swavlis process),

`sitkboSi~ (swavlis Sedegs, codnas), ra aris codnis upiratesoba (igi mudam Tan

axlavs mcodnels, misi arc moparva da arc ZaliT warTmeva ar SeiZleba), rasTan

aris Sedarebuli codna (uxilav, TvaliT SeumCnevel saunjesTan, simdidresTan),

ra sWirdeba Wkuis moxmarebas (codna), ra elis ucodinar adamians (maxeSi Tavis

gayofa), ras gulisxmobs poeti am sityvebSi (damarcxebas)... ramdenad misaRebia

maTTvis poetis rCeva (am Temaze klasSi SeiZleba diskusiac ki gaimarTos, oRond

moswavleebma aucileblad unda scadon sakuTari azris dasabuTeba cxovrebiseuli

faqtebiT, literaturuli masaliT, nanaxiT, gagoniliT...); gaivleba

paraleli III klasSi Seswavlil ilia WavWavaZis cnobil gamonaTqvamTan: `codna

simdidrea, mere imisTana madliani simdidre, rom, rac unda bevrs daurigo, bevrs

gaunawilo, Sen ara dagakldeba-ra, Tu ar mogemateba~.

maswavlebeli klass erTxel kidev Tavidan bolomde akiTxebs leqss da yuradRebas

amaxvilebs frazaze: `Tu kacsa codna ara aqvs, gastanjavs wuTisofeli~,

gairkveva misi mniSvneloba (ucodinari adamiani cxovrebaSi daitanjeba) da isic,

34


om poetis saTqmeli yvelaze naTlad am striqonSi Cans. eZlevaT termini aforizmi

_ `aforizmi sxartulad gamoTqmuli azria, romelSic ganzogadebulia

xalxuri sibrZne~.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis _ aforizmi uaxlovdeba

andazas, magram andazisagan gansxvavebiT, aforizms aucileblad aqvs ritmuli

wyoba, amave dros hyavs konkretuli avtori da aqedan vrceldeba xalxSi.

maswavlebeli klass axsenebs wina klasebSi Seswavlil `vefxistyaosnis~

aforizmebs.

wera _ sawerad moswavleebs vTavazobT `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ moTavsebul

#1 da #2 davalebebs. Tavad maswavleblis gadasawyvetia, romeli Seasrulebinos

moswavleebs klasSi da romeli _ Sin.

III. gramatikul masalaze muSaoba

am gakveTilebze grZeldeba arsebiTi saxelis brunebaze dakvirveba. moswavleebi

ecnobian brunvis niSnebs; arsebiTi saxelis fuZes, rogorc saxelis im

nawils, romelsac brunvis niSnebi daerTvis. varjiSoben ama Tu im brunvis formidan

brunvis niSnebisa da fuZis gamoyofaze (ix. saxelmZRvanelo, agreTve _

`aqtivobebis rveuli~, davalebebi #3 da #4).

Sedegebis kodi: IV.3, IV.5, IV.6, IV.8, IV.10, IV.12, IV.13.

35


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

SoTa rusTaveli (iakob gogebaSvilis mixedviT), `vefxistyaosnis~

aforizmebi, arsebiTi saxelis bruneba

nj{ofcj

_ SoTa rusTavelisa da `vefxistyaosnis~ Sesaxeb martivi saganmanaTleblo

informaciis miwodeba

_ aRweriTi teqstis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ `vefxistyaosnis~ aforizmebis gacnoba da analizi

_ Seswavlili gramatikuli kategoriebis mixedviT arsebiTi saxelis morfologiuri

garCeva

_ brunvis niSnebis marTlwera

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle ecnoba martiv saganmanaTleblo informacias SoTa rusTavelisa

da `vefxistyaosnis~ Sesaxeb

_ kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ yofs mas nawilebad, adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ ecnoba da aanalizebs `vefxistyaosnis~ aforizmebs

_ wers

_ eufleba brunvis niSnebis marTlweras

_ muSaobs individualaurad, jgufurad, wyvilebSi

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass uCvenebs SoTa rusTavelis

portrets, `vefxistyaosans~ da avalebs gaixsenon, ra ician am poetisa da misi poemis

Sesaxeb. Sedgeba `gonebrivi ieriSis~ ruka: (es samuSao SeiZleba Sesruldes

jgufebSic. mosafiqreblad eZlevaT ramdenime wuTi. TiToeuli jgufis pasuxi

gaanalizdeba da Sefasdeba klasSi).

maswavlebeli ajamebs moswavleTa pasuxebs, awvdis damatebiT informaciasac.

36


daiwera me-12 saukuneSi

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: SoTa rusTaveli (XII-XIII ss) msoflios udide-

si humanisti poetia. Cvenamde moRweulia misi erTaderTi poema ~vefxistyaosani~, romelSic

gamoxatulia qarTveli eris umSvenieresi miswrafebani, umaRlesi idealebi.

SoTa rusTavelis biografiuli cnobebi TiTqmis ar Senaxula, magram mravali xalxuri da

literaturuli gadmocemis, Tu samecniero hipoTezis mixedviT mkvlevarni askvnian:

sruli ueWvelobiT mxolod imis Tqma SeiZleba, rom `vefxistyaosnis~ avtori saxelad

SoTa, Tamar mefis Tanamedrove didgvarovani piri, iyo hereTis an rusTavis mflobeli. (aqedan

zedwodeba _ rusTaveli), saqarTvelos samefo karis meWurWleTuxucesi, romelmac xandazmu-

lobaSi SeakeTebina ierusalimis qarTuli jvris monasteri da moaxatvina svetebi. aq damsa-

xurebis aRsaniSnavad monastris saaRape wignSi Seitanes misi saxeli, xolo monastris erT-erT

svetze maqsime aRmsarebelisa da ioane damaskelis freskaTa Soris misi suraTi gamosaxes.

varaudoben, rom `vefxistyaosani~ 1189-1207 wlebSia dawerili. masSi asaxulia XI-XII sauku-

neTa saqarTvelos sinamdvile. XII saukunis qarTuli saxelmwifos sidiade STagonebuli poetis

azriT, saxelmwifoebrivi wyobis umaRlesi principi, centraluri monarqiaa.

rusTavelis religia qristianobaa. igi XII saukunis qarTuli qristianuli saxelmwifos

mkvidria, misi apologeti, Teisti. aRiarebs RmerTis arsebobas da sulis ukvdavebas, icis da

eyrdnoba biblias.

. . .

`vefxistyaosani~

`vefxistyaosani~ dRes msoflios TiTqmis yvela enazea Targmnili. zog enaze ki magaliTad,

rusul, inglisur, frangul, germanul da sxva enebze _ or-orjer.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqsts Tavidan bolomde kiTxulobs maswavlebeli.

vinaidan teqsti aris aRweriTi, intonacia da kiTxvis tempi SeirCeva

Sesabamisi. pauzebi keTdeba TiToeuli abzacis Semdeg.

moswavleebi nawil-nawil kiTxuloben teqsts, aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi

da gamoTqmebi, gaanalizdeba aforizmebi. maswavlebeli klass avalebs teqsti

waikiTxon Cumad, dayon nawilebad da Seadginon gegma (gegma daaxloebiT aseT

xasiaTs miiRebs: a) SoTa rusTavelis vinaoba, b) `vefxistyaosnis~ mniSvneloba

qarTuli literaturisaTvis, g) SoTa rusTavelis sibrZne, d) poemis ukvdaveba).

moswavleebi saubroben TiToeuli sakiTxis Sesaxeb, avseben mas damatebiTi informaciiTac.

teqstis analizisas gairkveva, ras niSnavs `rusTaveli~, saidan miiRo poemis

avtorma es saxeli; ratom miiCneven am poemas genialur nawarmoebad; i. gogebaSvili

(am Txzulebis avtori) ras miiCnevs `geniosTa xvedrad~; ra sityvebiT afasebs

37

dawera S. rusTavelma

. . .


i. gogebaSvili SoTa rusTavels (uniWieresi poeti, brZeni), raSi gamoixateba poetis

sibrZne (azrovnebiT win uswrebda Tavis dros), ra aforizmebs iyenebs poeti

nawarmoebSi; rogor aris axsnili teqstSi TiToeuli aforizmis mniSvneloba...

saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemulia sxva aforizmebic, moswavleebi kiTxuloben

maT (maTi erTi nawili moswavleTaTvis ukve nacnobia III klasidan), maswavleblis

daxmarebiT aanalizeben da `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ asruleben #1 davalebas.

3. Sejameba _ miRebul informacias moswavleebi ajameben wyvilebSi `ra

vicodi SoTa rusTavelis Sesaxeb, ra gavige, ris gageba mainteresebs~ (`aqtivobebis

rveuli~, #2).

II. gramatikul masalaze muSaoba

1. brunvis formebze dakvirveba _ saxelmZRvanelo, gv. 24.

2. brunvis niSnebis marTlwera _ `aqtivobebis rveuli~, #3.

3. arsebiTi saxelis garCeva Seswavlili gramatikuli kategoriebis

mixedviT _ davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV.2, IV.6, IV.10, IV.13, IV.14.

38


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`WaSi Cavardnili kacis ambavi~ (nawyveti `vefxistyaosnidan~),

arqaizmebi (terminis miwodebis gareSe), sxvaTa sityvis nawilaki

-o -o, viTarebiTi brunvis niSnis (-ad) marTlwera

nj{ofcj

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ teqstis arsebiTi enobriv-gramatikuli niSnebis amocnoba

_ leqsikur da gramatikul arqaizmebze dakvirveba (terminis gareSe)

_ paralelebis gavleba Seswavlil literturul nawarmoebebTan

_ sxvaTa sityvis nawilakis (-o) marTlwera

_ viTarebiTi brunvis niSnis (-ad) marTlwera

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss rogorc TxrobiT, ise _ werilobiT

_ avlebs paralelebs Seswavlil literaturul nawarmoebebTan da

akeTebs saTanado daskvnebs

_ akvirdeba leqsikur da gramatikul arqaizmebs

_ varjiSobs orToepiasa da orTografiaSi

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. teqstis kiTxva _ maswavlebeli Tavidan bolomde kiTxulobs nawyvets,

akiTxebs kiTxvaSi gawaful moswavlesac, Semdeg moswavleebi nawil-nawil kiTxuloben

teqsts, `sityvis salarosa~ da maswavleblis daxmarebiT xsnian gaugebar

sityvebsa da frazebs, aSinaarseben TiToeul striqons da gadmoscemen wakiTxulis

Sinaarss, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

`ori kaci ucxo adgilas midioda. ukana kacma wina kaci WaSi Cavardnili dainaxa,

mivida axlos, CasZaxoda da tiroda, `vais~ iZaxda.

ase uTxra: amxanago, mand iyavi da momicade, me Tokis mosatanad waval, minda,

rom amogiyvano; qvemoT myofs gaecina, metad gaukvirda, dauyvira: rom ar dagicado,

sad gageqce, sad wavide?~

vinaidan teqsti enobrivi TvalsazrisiT sakmaod rTulia, maswavlebeli

klass jer usvams Sinaarsze orientirebul kiTxvebs, romelTa pasuxebi wignSi

39


unda amoikiTxon:

_ sad midioda ori kaci?

_ ra SeemTxva winamavals?

_ rogor gadawyvita ukan mimavalma misi daxmareba? ris motana gadawyvita

man?

_ ra sTxova man WaSi Cavardnils?

_ ra upasuxa WaSi Cavardnilma?...

moswavleebi kiTxvebze pasuxebiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss. SeiZleba

Sedges gegmac.

daismeba ufro maRali donis (analizze, sinTezze, Sefasebaze orientirebuli)

kiTxvebic:

_ ratom gaecina WaSi Cavardnils?

_ ris Tqma surs poets am teqstiT mkiTxvelisaTvis?

_ romeli andaza gagaxsendaT am teqstis kiTxvisas? (`wina kaci ukanas xidiao~).

_ramdenad Seefereba es andaza am teqsts? ratom fiqrobT ase?

_ SevadaroT es nawarmoebi adre, III klasSi, Seswavlil sulxan-saba orbelianis

igav-araks ~sayveduri tyveobaze uaresia~. ra saerTo aqvs am or teqsts?

(msgavseba mxolod garegnulia, orive maTganSi ormoSi Cavrdnil kacsa da mis Svelazea

saubari); gansxvavebuli? (gansxvavebulia azri: pirvel maTganSi saubaria

imaze, rom sikeTe uxmaurod unda gakeTdes; meoreSi ki yuradReba gamaxvilebulia

sityvaze, romlis Tqmisas aucileblad unda davfiqrdeT, gaviTvaliswinoT

saTqmelis Tqmis dro da adgili).

teqstis gaazrebisaTvis sruldeba testuri davleba (swori pasuxia b).

werilobiT sruldeba davaleba #1.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba:

1. arqaizmebze dakvirveba _ moswavleebi teqstSi eZeben sityvebs, romlebic

dRes aRar ixmareba: Sigan, Cahyioda, izaxis, TokTa, qveSeTsa, mosaxmelad,

Semohyivla... asaxeleben Zveli formiT gamoyenebul arsebiT saxelebs

(kacni, TokTa...) da zmnebs (tirs, mwads, gaecinnes...).

2. sxvaTa sityvis `-o~ marTlwera (saxelmZRvanelo, gv. 26)

3. viTarebiTi brunvis niSnis (-ad) marTlwera (`aqtivobebis rveuli~,

davaleba #2. am savarjiSos Sesrulebamde sasurvelia, moswavleebi vavarjiSoT

orToepiaSi).

Sedegebis kodi: IV.3, IV.4, IV.5, IV.6, IV.12, IV.13, IV.14.

40


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

revaz inaniSvilis `Semodgomis dRe~, arsebiTi saxelis fuZe,

arsebiTi saxelis fuZis monaxva

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ sakuTari damokidebulebis gamoxatva wakiTxulis mimarT

_ gabmul metyvelebaze muSaoba, Sinaarsis gadmocema (TxrobiT,

werilobiT)

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ teqstis ageba, literaturuli personaJisaTvis werilis miwera

_ arsebiTi saxelis formacvlaze dakvirveba, saxelis fuZis moZebna

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ gamoxatavs Tavis damokidebulebas wakiTxulis mimarT

_ adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss TxrobiT da werilobiT

_ swers werils warmosaxviT adresats (literaturul personaJs)

_ eufleba arsebiTi saxelis fuZis monaxvis xerxs

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ SeiZleba Catardes sxvadasxvanairad: a) maswavlebeli

klass aZlevs sayrden sityvebs: `gviani Semodgoma,~ `yviTeli foTlebi~,

`mSvenieri sanaxaoba~, `Semodgomis tye~... _ da avalebs Seadginon zepiri

Txzuleba Semodgomis Sesaxeb. es samuSao umjobesia Sesruldes jgufurad; b)

moswavleebi ixseneben wina klasebSi Seswavlil r. inaniSvilis nawarmoebebs da

saubroben maT Sesaxeb.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

revaz inaniSvili (1926-1991 w.w.), 1956 wels daamTavra Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis

filologiis fakulteti; pirveli moTxroba `saxsovari~ gamoaqveyna lit. almanax `pirvel

sxivSi~ 1950 wels, xolo moTxrobebis pirveli krebuli _ `pirveli moTxrobebi~ _ 1953 wels;

gamosca ramdenime krebuli (`megobrisadmi minaweri werilebidan~, `wveTebi foTlebze~, `cisferi

gorgali~, `saRamo xanis Canawerebi~, `barisaken mifrinavs jafara~, `Citebis gamomzamTrebeli~...);

1977 wels mieniWa rusTavelis premia; gansakuTrebiT nayofieria sabavSvo literaturis

41


sferoSi. aris mravali saymawvilo moTxrobis avtori; misi Semoqmedebis mTavari Temaa qarTuli

sofeli; mwerals gaaCnia adamianis sulSi Caxedvisa da TanagrZnobis udidesi unari; misi Semo-

qmedebisaTvis niSandoblivia lirikuli Txroba, cocxali saxeebis Seqmnis xelovneba; misi sce-

naris mixedviT gadaRebulia sabavSvo kinofilmi `ardadegebi~.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ maswavlebeli Tavidan bolomde kiTxulobs teqsts

gamometyvelebiT, teqstis didi nawili aRweriTia, amitom unda SeirCes sa-

Tanado intonacia da tempi. moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben nawil-nawil da

xsnian gaugebar sityvebsa da gamoTqmebs. Cumi kiTxvis procesSi ki teqsts yofen

calkeul nawilebad da asaTaureben (gegmis Sedgena). gegma savaraudod aseT saxes

miiRebs:

Semodgoma xeobaSi

Tevzebiani tbori

dasveneba tyeSi

mSvenieri sanaxaoba

lamazi dRis dabneleba

moswavleebi gegmis mixedviT hyvebian wakiTxulis Sinaarss; Semdeg ki airCeven

erT-erT sakiTxs, romelic, maTi azriT, yvelaze mniSvnelovania am nawarmoebSi,

da werilobiT gadmoscemen mis Sinaarss (davlebebi #1 da #2).

3. teqstis analizi _ gairkveva, rogor aRwers mwerali nawarmoebSi Semodgomis

tyes, romel zedsarTav saxelebs iyenebs am mizniT (Camocvenili fo-

Tlebi, mwvane mdinare, yviTlad abrialebuli xeebi, kvirtebdaberili wvrili

totebi...), ram moxibla igi tyeSi, ra wamoiRo man tyidan da ratom, ratom uZRvna

man madloba miwas, rogor gamoxata man Tavisi madliereba, ra ganwyoba daeufla

mas am sanaxaobis xilvis Semdeg, ratom Seecvala mas ganwyoba, romeli sityvebiT

gadmogvcems mwerali Tavis ganwyobis Secvlas (`naTel, lamaz dRes uceb gadaefara

Talxi~), ris Tqma surs mwerals CvenTvis (adamiani anadgurebs bunebis mSvenebas),

Tu Secvlian rames am nawarmoebSi da rogor...

teqstis gaazrebas exmareba `rveulSi~ moTavsebuli testuri davaleba

(swori pasuxia a).

4. werilis miwera warmosaxviTi personaJisadmi (wyvilebSi muSaoba)

davaleba #3 _ weris dawyebamde moswavleebi ixseneben, rogor iwereba werili,

ra aris aucilebeli misi werisas _ konvertze misamarTis, adresatisa da

adresantis (gamgzavnis) _ miTiTeba; rogor iwyeben werilis weras _ adresatisadmi

mimarTviT, ras weren werili bolos _ gamgzavnis saxelsa da TariRs...

42


II. gramatikul masalaze muSaoba

arsebiTi saxelis fuZis monaxva_ moswavleebi teqstis pirvel abzacSi

eZeben arsebiT saxelebs (zamTari, gazafxuli, zafxuli, Semodgoma, foTlebi,

wnoris, fesvebi, xeebi, totebi, eklebi..), ajgufeben maT ricxvis mixedviT, gansazRvraven

maTi brunvis formas, gamoyofen brunvis niSnebs... svamen arsebiT

saxelebs _ gazafxuli, zafxuli _ moTxrobiT brunvaSi: gazafxul-ma, zafxulma;

acileben brunvis niSans. eZlevaT daskvna _ Tu arsebiT saxels CavsvamT

moTxrobiT brunvaSi da CamovacilebT brunvis niSans, darCeba fuZe. am SemTxvevaSi

arsebiTi saxelebis fuZeebia: gazafxul, zafxul.

varjiSoben sxva boloTanxmovniani fuZeukumSveli saxelebis fuZeebis monaxvaze

(saxelmZRv. gv. 29), am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV.3, IV.4, IV.5, IV.6, IV.7, IV.13, IV.14.

43


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

vaJa-fSavelas `Svlis nukris naambobi~ (nawyveti), arsebiTi saxelis

brunebasTan dakavSirebuli marTlweris sakiTxebi _ ori m

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri ekologiasTan

_ wakiTxulis mimarT sakuTari damokidebulebis gamoxatva

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ gabmul metyvelebaze varjiSi

_ sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba

_ marTlweris Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts, avlebs paralelebs bunebismetyvelebis

gakveTilebze miRebul informaciasTan

_ gamoxatavs damokidebulebas wakiTxulis mimarT, akeTebs daskvnebs,

asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ adgens gegmas

_ wers

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss I-sa da III pirSi

_ ecnoba vaJa-fSavelas Sesaxeb martiv saganmanaTleblo informacias

_ varjiSobs marTlwarmoTqmasa da marTlweraSi

_ Camowers sakiTxebs literaturul personaJTan warmosaxviTi interviusaTvis

_ muSaobs individualurad, wyvilebSi

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ SeiZleba Catardes sxvadasxvanairad: a) maswavlebeli

klass sTavazobs Temas: `adamiani da cocxali buneba~. moswavleebi

saubroben bunebis dacvis Sesaxeb, adamianisa da cxovelTa samyaros damokidebulebaze;

b) klasi ixsenebs wina klasebSi Seswavlil vaJa-fSavelas leqsebs da

im informacias, rac maT ukve ician am poetis Sesaxeb. maswavlebeli avsebs da

ajamebs am informacias.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

vaJa-fSavela (luka razikaSvili, 1861-1915) daibada sofel CargalSi (axlandeli duSeTis

raioni). rva wlamde CargalSi izrdeboda jer swavlobda Telavis sasuliero saswavlebelSi,

Semdeg 1877-79 wlebSi Tbilisis samaswavleblo institutTan arsebul orklasian samoqalaqo

44


saswavlebelSi, 1879 wlidan goris samaswavleblo seminariaSi, romelic daamTavra 1882 wels.

1883-84 wlebSi peterburgis universitetis iuridiuli fakultetis Tavisufali msmeneli

iyo. xelmokleobis gamo universiteti datova da maswavlebloba daiwyo mTis soflebSi. 1888

wlidan ki CargalSi damkvidrda. aq daiwera misi genialuri poemebi, leqsebi, moTxrobebi. drodadro

cxen ze gadakidebuli xurjiniT TbilisSi Camohqonda Tavisi nawerebi. mZime cxovrebam

da gaWirvebam adre Searyia vaJas janmrTeloba da 54 wlisa gardaicvala TbilisSi, hospitlis

palataSi (amJamindeli saxelmwifo universitetis Senoba). sikvdilis win axlad moTibuli balaxi

da mTis wyaro inatra... dakrZales didubis panTeonSi 1935 wels misi neSti mTawmindaze

gadaasvenes.

vaJas SemoqmedebaSi cxovreba da samyaro sinaTlis da sibnelis, sikeTisa da borotebis

dausrulebeli Widilis saxiTaa warmodgenili.

qarTvel poetTa Soris vaJa yvelaze Rrmad Caswvda bunebis saidumloebas. poetisaTvis

mSveniereba ganfenilia sinamdvilis auracxel konkretul formaSi. sicocxle mTeli Tavisi

nairferobiT, maRali gonierebis da sikeTis gansaxierebad warmoudgenia.

vaJam uRrmesi gavlena moaxdina qarTveli xalxis erovnul TviTSegnebaze, mis Txzulebeb-

Si samSoblo danaxulia rogorc `qveyniuri RmerTi~. es RmerTi mravalsaxovania, ZiriTadad ori

saxiT vlindeba, rogorc maradiuli, zedrouli, `didi iveria~ da rogorc ~jvarcmuli fiqri~.

vaJasaTvis eri ukvdavi fenomenia, igi SeiZleba Semcirdes an daknindes, magram mis uRrmes arsebaSi

xeluxleblad aris Senaxuli pirveladi dvrita, ganaxlebisa da aRdgomis dauTrgunveli

potencia.

vaJa-fSavela, rogorc moqalaqe da poeti, mxne patrioti iyo, man udidesi gavlena moaxdina

qarTveli xalxis erovnul gaTviTcnobierebaze, manve daamkvidra qarTul poeziaSi pirovnuli

srulyofis _ `kai ymis~ kulti, romlis mniSvneloba ganuzomelia.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ maswavlebeli teqsts Tavidan bolomde

kiTxulobs gamometyvelebiT. Semdeg moswavleebi kiTxuloben nawil-nawil da

xsnian gaugebar sityvebsa da gamoTqmebs, risTvisac iyeneben `sityvis salaros.~

teqstis analizisas gairkveva, ra aris Svlis nukris sadardebeli, ra awuxebs mas

yvelaze metad, ratom sayvedurobs igi adamians; am teqstis mixedviT, rogoria

Svlis nukri, misi deda, adamiani; adamianis ra Tviseba Cans (moswavleebi teqstSi

eZeben saTanado adgilebs da iSvelieben sakuTari mosazrebis dasabuTebisas); ra

aris am teqstis mTavari saTqmeli; ra saerTo aqvs mas wina gakveTilze wakiTxul

r. inaniSvilis moTxrobasTan; Tu Cans nawarmoebSi mwerlis damokidebuleba momxdaris

mimarT; rogoria Tavad moswavleebis damokidebuleba wakiTxuli teqstisadmi,

ratom... riT asabuTeben Tavis azrs, rogor gaagrZeleben moTxrobas,

rogor dasasruls mouZebnian mas...

moswavleebi varjiSoben teqstis gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze, SeiZleba

Catardes erTgvari Sejibric.

3. wera _ moswavleebi adgenen gegmas da am gegmis mixedviT weren `Svlis

nukris Civili~ (davaleba #1); wyvilebSi sruldeba davaleba #2 _ gaesaubreT

Svlis nukrs.

45


II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1.sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba _ moswavleebi akvirdebian rogor, romeli

gmiris saSualebiT gadmogvcems mwerali Tavis saTqmels (Svlis nukris saSualebiT),

ratom mimarTavs am xerxs mwerali (ufro metad rom moaxdinos mkiTxvelze

zemoqmedeba, ufro zustad rom uTxras mkiTxvels Tavisi saTqmeli...); ra

Seicvleboda, Tu mwerali Tavad mogviTxrobda am ambavs. moswavleebi wakiTxulis

Sinaarss yvebian III pirSi.

2. dafaze iwereba winadadebebi:

`irem... irems balaxi miawoda~,

`daWrilma lom... Rriali daiwyo~,

`qaTam... Cxrika, Cxrika da Tavisi dasaklavi dana gamoCxrika~.

moswavleebi Tavis adgilas svamen moTxrobiTi brunvis niSans da akvirdebian

sityvebSi: `iremma~, `lomma~, `qaTamma~ _ ramdeni m iyris Tavs, ratom (erTi

fuZis daboloebaa, meore _ moTxrobiTi brunvis niSnis nawili); varjiSoben am

orTogramebis marTlwarmoTqmasa da marTlweraze; asaxeleben arsebiT saxelebs,

romelTa fuZe m-ze mTavrdeba (davaleba #3); werilobiT asruleben #4

davalebas.

Sedegebis kodi: IV.1, IV.2, IV.3, IV.6, IV.7, IV.8, IV.9, IV.12, IV.14

gakveTilis Tema: vaJa-fSavelas `arwivi~, arsebiTi saxelis brunebasTan

dakavSirebuli marTlweris sakiTxi (ori s) _ am masalis dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels

vandobT.

46


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

sergo kldiaSvilis `orbi~, arsebiTi saxelis ricxvi,

mr. ricxvis formanti -eb

nj{ofcj

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ moswavleebSi kritikuli azrovnebis formireba

_ saganTSoris kavSiri ekologiasTan

_ teqstis enobriv-gamomsaxvelobiT mxareze dakvirveba

_ arsebiTi saxelis mravlobiTi ricxvis formantis (-eb) gacnoba

_ arsebiTi saxelis morfologiuri garCeva Seswavlili gramatikuli kategoriebis

mixedviT

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ adgens gegmas, gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss rogorc I, ise _ III pirSi

_ muSaobs wyvilebSi, jgufurad, individualurad

_ akvirdeba mxatvruli teqstis enas

_ ecnoba arsebiTo saxelis mr. ricxvis -eb sufiqss

_ arCevs arsebiT saxels Seswavlili gramatikuli kategoriebis mixedviT

_ wers

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am etapis dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

kldiaSvili sergo daviTis Ze, 1893_1986 wlebi, daamTavra quTaisis gimnazia, swavlobda

moskovis universitetis iuridiul fakultetze, mamasTan (cnobil mweral daviT kldiaSvilTan)

erTad monawileobda I msoflio omSi, saqarTveloSi dabrunda 1917 wels. misi pirveli prozauli

miniaturebi daibeWda 1911 wels Tbilisis gazeT `sinaTleSi~, 1916 wlidan `cisferyanwelTa~

erT-erTi damaarsebeli da aqtiuri wevria. mwerali novelis Janris erT-erTi ubrwyinvalesi ostatia.

mwerlis yuradRebis centrSia adamiani Semoqmedi, adamiani patrioti. mas ekuTvnis mTeli

cikli svanuri moTxrobebisa. gansakuTrebuli popularobiT sargeblobs misi `laxundarelis

Tavgadasavali~. avtoria novelebisa: `Winka biWebi~, `obrodi~, `gorgasalis Tasi~, `serafiti~,

47


`Semodgomis wvima~, `jordano bruno.~.. aqtiurad muSaobda dramaturgiaSic, misi piesebi (`gmir-

Ta Taoba~, `irmis xevi~, `dabruneba~...) warmatebiT idgmeboda qarTuli Teatris scenaze. Targm-

nilia mraval enaze.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben pauzebiT,

TiToeuli pauzis Semdeg gamoTqvamen varauds movlenaTa SesaZlo ganviTarebis

Sesaxeb da asabuTeben sakuTar Sexedulebas, gzadagza, kiTxvis procesSive, aixsneba

gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. maswavleblis miTiTebiT moswavleebi

teqsts yofen calkeul, azrobrivad dasrulebul monakveTebad da adgenen gegmas,

aseve teqsts kiTxuloben gamokrebiT _ mag. moZebneT da waikiTxeT teqstSi

is monakveTi, sadac aRwerilia: a) svaneTis buneba, b) svaneTis mosaxleoba, g)

sanadirod mzadeba, g) monadireTa imedgacrueba, d) brZola frinvelebTan,

e) daWrili orbi, v) maspinZlis ukmayofileba... gaanalizdeba saqarTvelos

romeli kuTxea teqstSi aRwerili; rogor aRwers mwerali svaneTsa da svanebs;

rogoria adamiani bunebasTan damokidebulebaSi; sad, nawarmoebis romel adgilas

Cans es; rogoria Tavad mwerlis damokidebuleba bunebisadmi (mas uyvars

buneba, guli stkiva, roca adamianisagan ganadgurebuls xedavs mas, tkbeba bunebis

mSvenebiT, magram amave dros arc TviTon ufrTxildeba cocxal bunebas...),

momxdarisadmi (Tavdapirvelad mwerali jerovanad ver afasebs momxdars _ `ra

unda eqna CemTvis frinvels, Tundac iseTs, rogoric orbia~, Semdeg ki SeSindeba

_ `bolos gadavisrole misken bartyebi da kldidan saswrafod Camovcocdi~)...

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisTvis _ orbi, frinvelTa gvari SavardnisnairTa

rigisa. tanad didia. misi sxeulis sigrZe 1 m-s aRwevs; frTebis Slili _ 2,5 m-s, masa _ 8 kg-s.

gavrcelebulia evropaSi, aziasa da Crd. afrikaSi. saqarTveloSi garcelebuli orbi mTamaRalas

tipia, budobs kldeebze, xevebsa da borcvebze, frenisas vertikalurad aRwevs 3400 m simaRles.

Cveulebriv debs 1 kvercxs, kruxobs orive mSobeli 45-54 dRes. ikvebeba mZoriT. saqarTveloSi

misi raodenoba TandaTan klebulobs, Setanilia `wiTel wignSi~.

sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia a), aseve _ davalebebi #1 da

#2.

3. wera _ davaleba #3.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba _ moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen

jer I, Semdeg _ III pirSi.

2. arsebiTi saxelis ricxvi _ davalebebi #4 da #5.

3. ricxvSi monacvle zmnebze dakvirveba (praqtikulad): bartyebi ubeSi

Cavisxi _ bartyi ubeSi Cavisvi, daTvebi davxoceT _ daTvi movkali.

Sedegebis kodi: IV.1, IV.2, IV.3, IV.4, IV.6, IV.7, IV.10, IV.12, IV.14

48


momdevno ori Temis _ svanuri zRapris `swor-mrudis makrateli~ da megruli

leqsis `bJa dida re Cqimi~ _ dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

gTavazobT damatebiT informacias qarTveluri enebis Sesaxeb:

msoflioSi mravali enaa. maTSi gamoiyofa saerTo warmoSobis enebi, romelTac

monaTesave enebi hqvia. monaTesave enebi momdinareobs erTi winare enis, `fuZeenis~,

dialeqtebisagan, romlebic garkveul periodSi daSordnen erTmaneTs da

damoukidebel enebad iqcnen. saerTo warmoSobis enebi qmnian monaTesave enaTa

ojaxs. gamoyofen aseT enaTa ramdenime ojaxs.

qarTuli enis sxva enebTan mimarTebis garkvevas didi mecnieruli interesi

axlavs. amJamad kargad aris gamokvleuli da dadgenili, rom qarTulis monaTesave

enebia zanuri (megrul-Wanuri) da svanuri. es sami monaTesave ena qmnis qarTvelur

enaTa jgufs. es enebi momdinareobs erTi saerTo winare enis dialeqtebisagan,

romlebic droTa ganmavlobaSi dascildnen erTmaneTs da damoukidebel

enebad iqcnen (Tumca zogierTi mkvlevar maT dResac dialeqtebad Tvlis), aqvT

sakuTari leqsikuri Sedgeniloba da gramatikuli wyoba. amaTgan qarTuli ena

erovnuli enaa, zanuri da svanuri ki tomobrivi enebia.

qarTuli ena Zveli samwerlobo enaa, Zveli mwerlobis enebs kulturul

enebs uwodeben; maSasadame, qarTuli kulturul enaTa ricxvs ganekuTvneba.

igi yvela qarTuli tomis saerTo saliteraturo ena iyo istoriulad da aris

dResac. is qarTvelebis saerTo erovnuli enaa.

qarTveluri enebis sxva enebTan naTesaobis Taobaze ramdenime Teoria arsebobs,

magram es sakiTxi sabolood ar aris gamokvleuli. amJamad gavrcelebuli

Sexedulebis Tanaxmad (romlis avtorebic arian i. javaxiSvili da arn. Ciqobava),

qarTveluri enebi enaTesaveba mTis kavkasiur enebs da sxva jgufebTan

(afxazur-adiReur, daRestnur da qistur-bacbur enebTan) erTad qmnian mTis

iberiul-kavkasiur enaTa ojaxs, Tumca am sakiTxze arsebobs mecnierTa radikalurad

gansxvavebuli Sexedulebebic (n. mari, T. gamyreliZe...).

49


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

murman lebaniZis `zamTris piri~, arsebiTi saxelis ricxvTan

dakavSirebuli marTlweris sakiTxi (ori e)

nj{ofcj

_ poeturi teqstis aRqma

_ gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaSi varjiSi

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ martivi aRweriTi teqstebis Seqmna da wera

_ orToepiuli da orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs leqss

_ ecnoba axal leqsikur erTeulebs, iyenebs maT metyvelebaSi

_ varjiSobs gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze

_ qmnis martiv aRweriT teqstebs sayrdeni sityvebisa da frazebis gamoyenebiT

_ wers

_ varjiSobs orToepiasa da orTografiaSi

_ muSaobs jgufurad, individualurad

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass yofs jgufebad, TiToeul

jgufs aZlevs davalebas _ gaiazron fraza `zamTris piri~ da aagon martivi

teqsti am saTauris mixedviT. mosafiqreblad eZlevaT ramdenime wuTi. pasuxebis

prezentacia da analizi xdeba klasis aqtiuri monawleobiT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

murman lebaniZe, 1922-2002, cnobili qarTveli poeti, rusTavelis premiis laureati, 1948

wels daamTavra Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis filologiis fakulteti, monawileobda II

msoflio omSi (1942-43 w), 1946 wlidan muSaobda Jurnal-gazeTebis redaqciebSi, iyo rusTavelis

sax. saxelmwifo premiebis komitetis pasuxismgebeli mdivani, lirikuli leqsebis pirveli krebuli

gamoaqveyna 1950 wels, aqtiurad moRvaweobda sabavSvo mwerlobaSi.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ maswavlebeli klass leqss ukiTxavs gamometyvelebiT,

Semdeg aZlevs davalebas _ waikiTxon leqsi Cumad, moZebnon da axsnan

gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, gamoiyenon am mizniT `sityvis salaro~;

50


moiniSnon is ucnobi sityvebic, romlebic wignSi ar aris axsnili. am sityvebis

axsna xdeba klasis saerTo ZalebiT.

gairkveva, weliwadis ra droa aRwerili nawarmoebSi, ras uwodebs poeti

`zamTris pirs~ (Semodgomis miwuruls, noembris damlevs), daasabuTon leqsis

mixedviT (rTveli damTavrebulia, mosavali dabinavebuli; buneba gayuCebula _

`arca qviTqviTi mwyris, arca gugulis gugu~; mTebi daTovlilia, sacaa barSic

moTovs, nislia, civa, xalxi buxars mihficxebia...); rogor aris aRwerili buneba

(`Cadis daRlili mze~, `kentad SerCenili foToli~, `wvims, saceriviT cris~,

`dapataravda dRe~...); akvirvebs mxatvrul saxeebze (saTanado terminis gareSe):

` Cadis daRlili mze~, `Tavi waukravT mTebs Tovlisfer CabalaxiT~, `dakodalaobs

yrud sadRac najaxi tyeSi~...

leqsis mixedviT aRweren zamTris pirs soflad, sruldeba davaleba #1.

aseve sayrdeni sityvebis gamoyenebiT aRweren wlis amave dros qalaqad (davaleba

#2).

moswavleebi varjiSoben leqsis gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze. SeiZleba

Catardes erTgvari Sejibric.

II. enobriv masalaze muSaoba

1. leqsikaze dakvirveba _ adamianis Sroma-saqmianobis amsaxeli leqsika

teqstSi (rTveli, simindis texa, xvna), adamianTa xmianobis amsaxveli leqsika (yi-

Jini, simRera, laparaki), cxovelTa da frinvelTa xmianobis amsaxveli leqsika

(burvakis Rrutuni, mwyris qviTqviTi, gugulis gugu), wylis xmianoba (Cxriali),

wisqvilis xmianoba (RuRuni)... igoneben frinvelTa da cxovelTa xmianobis

amsaxvel sxva leqsikur erTeulebsac (qaTmis kakani, indauris kivkivi, batis

sisini, bayayis yiyini, Zroxis zmuili, cxenis Wixvini, ZaRlis yefa/Rrena...).

2. orTografiasa da orToepiaze varjiSi _ saxelmZRvanelo, gv. 46. `aqtivobebis

rveuli~, davalebebi #3 da #4.

momdevno Temis: n. kecxovelis `bunebis kalendari~, sityvaTa ganmeoreba

winadadebaSi da misi Tavidan acileba _ dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

niko kecxoveli (1897-1983 w), cnobili botanikosi, mwerali da sazogado moRvawe. qarTuli

botanikuri skolis fuZemdebeli, mecn. doqtori, akademikosi, Tsu reqtori 1945-52 wlebSi.

samecniero SromebTan erTad aqvs mravali lit. narkvevi, novela da moTxroba, romlebic saqarTvelos

bunebasa da mis dacvas exeba. 1974 w. mieniWa rusTavelis premia.

51


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

guram rCeuliSvilis `Semodgoma babua kotesi~,

piris nacvalsaxelebis: me, Sen, is _ gacnoba.

nj{ofcj

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ wakiTxulis Sefaseba, daskvnebis gakeTeba da sakuTari azris

dasabuTeba.

_ literaturul personaJTa martivi daxasiaTeba

_ literaturul personaJebTan gasaubreba

_ moTxrobis gagrZelebaze muSaoba

_ teqstis monakveTebad dayofa da dasaTaureba

_ dialogze dakvirveba

_ piris nacvalsaxelebze: me, Sen, is (igi) dakvirveba

_ punqtuaciasa da intonaciaze varjiSi

brujwpcfcj

5 sanimuSo gakveTilis scenari

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ gadmoscems teqstis Sinaarss

_ gamoxatavs damokidebulebas wakiTxulis mimarT, akeTebs daskvnebs,

asabuTebs sakuTar azrs

_ Camowers sakiTxebs (kiTxvebs) literaturul personaJTan

gasaubrebisaTvis, wers mosalodnel pasuxebsac

_ martivad axasiaTebs lit. personaJebs

_ yofs teqsts monakveTebad da asaTaurebs

_ avlens Tavis fantazias moTxrobis gagrZelebisas

_ varjiSobs piris nacvalsaxelebis: me, Sen, is (igi) _ praqtikul

gamoyenebaze.

_ eufleba punqtuaciursa da intonaciur Cvevebs

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (7 wuTi):

maswavlebeli klass SesTavazebs davalebas _ gaiazron fraza: `Semodgomaze

Sromasa da fusfusSi Ramdeba~. klass yofs or jgufad, erT jgufs avalebs

es fraza daukavSiron sofels, meores ki _ qalaqs, gaamaxvilon yuradReba am

dros adamianis Sroma-saqmianobaze. moxdeba Sesrulebuli samuSaos prezentacia.

TiToeuli jgufi gvTavazobs Tavis mosazrebebs am sakiTxis irgvliv. moqmedebs

principi: yvelas azri sayuradReboa. maswavlebeli ar ereva moswavleTa

pasuxebSi, iZleva mxolod gezs, rom sworad warimarTos diskusia.

52


moswavleebi ixseneben magaliTebs cxovrebidan, literaturuli masalidan,

amyareben TavianT mosazrebebs saTanado argumentebis moSveliebiT. am etapze

mTavaria ara mxolod WeSmaritebis Zieba, aramed diskusiis xelovnebis Tanda-

TanobiT dauflebac. mosmena, sxvisi azris pativiscema, sakuTari mosazrebis

Camoyalibeba da dasabuTeba.

damatebiTi informacia maswavlebelTaTvis:

1. qarTveli mwerali guram rCeuliSvili (4.VI.1934, Tbilisi, 23.VIII.1960, gagra, dakrZalulia

TbilisSi). daamTavra Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis istoriis fakulteti (1957 w.)

pirveli moTxrobebi, romlebsac didi warmateba xvdaT, `ciskarSi~ gamoqveynda 1957 wels. sul

oTxiode weli iRvawa samwerlo sarbielze. 26 wlisa tragikulad daiRupa. moTxrobaTa pirveli

krebuli `salamura~ gamoqveynda mwerlis gardacvalebis Semdeg (1961 w.). misi ZiriTadi krebulebia:

`moTxrobebi, piesa~ (1965), `moTxrobebi~ (1977), romlebmac sayovelTao popularoba

moipova. misma literaturulma memkvidreobam (moTxrobebi, novelebi, miniaturebi, piesa) mniSvnelovani

kvali daamCnia Tanamedrove qarTuli prozis ganviTarebas.

guram rCeuliSvilis moTxrobebi Targmnilia germanul, ungrul, bulgarul, Cexur, litvur,

rusul enebze.

2. Tveebis saxelebi

dRevandeli ZvelqarTuli

ianvari apnisi

Tebervali surwyunisi

marti mirkani

aprili igrika

maisi vardobisTve

ivnisi TibaTve

ivlisi mkaTaTve

agvisto mariamobisTve

seqtemberi enkenisTve

oqtomberi RvinobisTve

noemberi giorgobisTve

dekemberi qristeSobisTve

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (16 wuTi):

maswavlebeli gamometyvelebiT kiTxulobs teqstis nawils (Tavidan ...

`babua kote mogonebebSi CaiZira~), Semdeg kiTxvas ganagrZobs 2-3 moswavle. am

dros gasaTvaliswinebelia is faqti, rom teqstis erTi nawili dialogis formisaa,

amasTan mravladaa kiTxviTi da Zaxilis winadadebebi (kiTxviT-Zaxilisac),

amitom aucilebelia, SeirCes saTanado intonacia da tempi.

ganmeorebiTi nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros moswavleTa ZalebiT daiZebneba da

maTive monawileobiT aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi: mtris Tvals ar

daenaxveba _ metad kargia; yasidad _ mosaCveneblad, gangeb; gulic moeca _

gaTamamda, gamxnevda; civad Semobrunda _ gulgrilad, ugulod, usiamovnod

Semobrunda; erTbaSad, usityvod Semobrunda.

tardeba gamokrebiTi kiTxva. maswavleblis mier dasmul pirvel donis

kiTxvebis pasuxebs moswavleebi saxelmZRvaneloSi amoikiTxaven.

_ ra saubari gaimarTa babua kotesa da Tekles Soris pirvelad? (`ar unda

gameyida is saxli... eh! kargi erTi~) _ meored? (`guSin Cveneburi Camosula... aba,

nametani gamoviketeT, Tqva Teklem da isev moeSva~).

53


_ rogor igonebda babua kote Tavis baRis qarTul, baraqian Semodgomas?

_ ra qna babua kotem, roca uzomod mounda miwa moeCiCqna? (`gaaxsenda, rom

quCaSi qvafenilis gaswvriv mdgari xeebis ZirSi miwa eyara... civad Semobrunda,

Tvalebze momdgari cremlebi moiwminda).

aqtivoba 3 _ wakiTxulis gaazreba (5 wuTi):

gairkveva, vinaa nawarmoebis avtori (guram rCeuliSvili). romel dros Seexeba

nawarmoebSi aRwerili ambavi (dRevandelobas), ra aris nawarmoebSi mTavari

(moxucebs Zalian eZnelebaT soflis datoveba, qalaqSi cxovreba _ ar SeuZliaT

usaqmod da umezoblod yofna). ratom aqvs saTaurad `Semodgoma babua kotesi~,

(pirvelad atarebs babua kote Semodgomas qalaqSi, igonebs sofelSi gatarebul

Semodgomas da Zalian Sewuxebulia).

Seasruleben aqtivobebis rveulSi mocemul testur davalebas: babua kotes

yvelaze metad awuxebs: a) qalaqSi cxovreba; b) sibere da avadmyofoba; g) usaqmod

da umezoblod yofna. pasuxia: g)

aqtivoba 4 _

a) enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (3 wuTi):

_ ramdeni adamianis saubaria teqstSi gadmocemuli? (oris _ col-qmris

babua kotesa da Teklesi).

_ rogori ganwyoba dageuflaT am dialogis wakiTxvisas? (sevdiani). ratom?

(orive moqmedi piri Sewuxebulia TavianTi mdgomareobiT, Cvenc gadmogvedo maTi

mwuxareba...)

b) teqstSi kiTxviTi da Zaxilis winadadebebis amokiTxva: gairkveva Zaxilis

winadadebebis saxeebi (4 wuTi):

kiTxviTi winadadebebi:

_ kote, axla Cveni mandarinebi viTom SeyviTlebuli iqneba? ras meubnebi, ar

gaxsovs? (kiTxviTsityviania _ ras?) Sen Cemze ukeTesad gaxsovs?

Zaxilis winadadebebi:

_ `babua, Cemi vedro da niCabi CamouSvi ra!~ (gamoxatavs Txovnas). `Sevcdi,

Sevcdi!~ (mwuxarebis gamomxatvelia). `rogor uyvarda Semodgoma, baraqiani,

qarTuli Semodgoma!~ (dananebas gamoxatavs). `aRar SegveZlo da!.. ar unda gameyida

is saxli! (orTave mwuxarebas gamoxatavs).

yuradReba gamaxvildeba agreTve kiTxviT-Zaxilis winadadebaze `me maswavli?!~

kiTxvasac gamoxatavs da gakvirvebasac. varjiSoben am winadadebebis sa-

Tanado intonaciiT wakiTxvaze.

g) mravalwertilze dakvirveba

moZebneT teqstSi is adgilebi, sadac mravalwertilia naxmari: (`davberdiT,

meti veRar SevZeliT da...~),

`aRar SegveZlo da!.. moSvebulad Tqva bebia Teklem~).

_ rogor fiqrobT, ratom xmarobs mwerali mravalwertils? (naTqvami araa

damTavrebuli).

_ daamTavreT winadadebebi da mravalwertilis nacvlad CasviT saWiro sityvebi.

54


(nimuSi: `davberdiT, meti veRar SevZeliT da raRa unda gveqna, momxmare

ara vin gvyavda.

`aRar SegveZlo da! meti ra gza gvqonda! aman gadagvawyvetina qalaqSi

SvilebTan da SviliSvilebTan wamosvla~.).

aqtivoba 5 _ Sejameba (3 wuTi): moswavleebi ajameben, ra gaiges axali am

gakveTilze (rogori iyo babua kotes Semodgoma qalaqSi da sofelSi, ratom

iyvnen Sewuxebuli col-qmari, gansakuTrebiT ram daswyvita maT guli).

aqtivoba 6 _ Sefaseba (3 wuTi): gakveTilis bolos maswavlebeli klasTan

erTad sityvierad afasebs ramdenime moswavles. Sefaseba wamaxalisebelia, magram

masSi aucileblad unda gaviTvaliswinoT Semdegi parametrebi: a) saSinao

davalebis Sesrulebis xarisxi, b) aqtiuroba, g) sakuTari azris dasabuTeba,

d) koreqtuloba.

aqtivoba 7 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): Semodgoma babua kotesi (teqstSi

moiniSnon is adgilebi, sadac babua kotes gancdebia mocemuli).

weriTi samuSao. davaleba # 2 (aqtivobebis rveuli), moTxrobis gagrZeleba.

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV3, IV5, IV6, IV8, IV9

II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstis kiTxva da gegmis Sedgena (12 wuTi):

moswavleebi kiTxuloben teqsts. yuradReba maxvildeba gamometyvelebiT

kiTxvaze (tempi, tembri, pauza, maxvili, intonacia). kTxuloben teqstSi im adgilebs,

sadac ori adamianis saubaria gadmocemuli, maswavleblis miTiTebiT

mos wavleebi teqsts yofen calkeul nawilebad da asaTaureben. moismenen ramdenime

dasaTaurebas da maTgan SearCeven saukeTesos. gegma daaxloebiT aseT

saxes miiRebs

patarebis garToba ezoSi

babua kotesa da Tekles sevdiani saubari

soflis baraqiani Semodgomis gaxseneba

moxucebis gancdebi

babua kotes survili

ezoSi Casvla

cremlebi babua kotes Tvalebze

(gegma SeiZleba dafaze daiweros).

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis analizi da Sinaarsis gadmocema (16 wuTi):

maswavlebeli svams maRali donis (analizze, sinTezze, gamoyenebasa da Sefasebaze

orientirebul) kiTxvebs:

55


_ ras ganicdis babua kote?

_ ratom wuxs is ase Zlier sofelSi saxlis gayidvas?

_ ra sityvebiT gamoxatavs Tavis wuxils?

(ganicdis soflis datovebasa da qalaqSi mexuTe sarTulze usaqmod da umezoblod

gamoketvas. is xSirad imeorebs: `ar unda gameyida is saxli!~);

_ babua kotes ra Tvisebebi Cans am nawarmoebSi? (Sromismoyvareoba, Tavis

saxl-karisadmi uzomo siyvaruli, meuRlisadmi pativiscema, xalxTan kontaqtis

survili, uzomo sikeTe, Tavazianoba, gulCviloba, dardianoba...) TiToeul

Tvisebas amtkiceben teqstis mixedviT.

_ ratom moadga moxucs Tvalebze cremli?

(pirvelad cremli moadga Tvalebze, roca valerianis sityvebi gadasca

Teklem `Tqveni leRvebi mtris Tvals ar daenaxvebao;~ _ es iyo soflis monatrebiT

gamowveuli cremli.

meored Tvalebze momdgari cremli maSin moiwminda, roca ezoSi Casulma

xes ver SemouCiCqna miwa, radgan `qvafenilsa da xes Soris oTxkuTxedi damcveli

bade iyo Cadgmuli, albaT ZaRlebis sawinaaRmdegod~).

_ rogori ganwyoba dageuflaT am moTxrobis wakiTxvis Semdeg? ratom?

(sevdiani ganwyoba, radgan TviT moxucebi Zalian dardoben. adamiani sadac daibadeba

da gaizrdeba siberec iq unda gaataron. `Citi sadac daibadeba, misi baRdadic

iq ariso~.

winaswar Sedgenili gegmisa da am kiTxvebis daxmarebiT moswavleebi gadmoscemen

teqstis Sinaarss.

aqtivoba 3 _

a) leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba (6 wuTi):

_ weliwadis romeli droa aRwerili nawarmoebSi? (Semodgoma)

_ ra miniSnebebia amis Sesaxeb teqstSi? (`rogor uyvarda Semodgoma, baraqiani

`qarTuli Semodgoma~, axla mis baRSi mandarini mwifdeba~. `oc dReSi ukve

mosakrefi gaxdeba~. `Turme Cveni leRvi damwifebula~.).

_ Semodgomis romeli Tveebisa naxsenebi teqstSi? (enkenisTve, giorgobisTve).

_ rogoria maTi dRevandeli Sesatyvisi? (seqtemberi, oqtomberi).

_ ratom iyenebs maT mwerali Zveli saxelwodebebiT? (alaparakebs soflis

moxucebs).

_ maswavleblis davalebiT moswavleebi asaxeleben Tveebis qarTul xalxur

saxelebs. (ivnisi _ TibaTve, ivlisi _ mkaTaTve, agvisto _ mariamobisTve,

seqtemberi _ enkenisTve, oqtomberi _ RvinobisTve, noemberi _ giorgobisTve,

dekemberi _ qristeSobisTve).

b) frazeologiuri muSaoba (2 wuTi):

SeaerTeT Tavis mniSvnelobasTan:

gulze dardi Semoawva metad kargia

Tvalebi gaubrwyinda uimedod usityvod (Semobrunda)

56


mtris Tvals ar daenaxveba dadardianda

guli moeca gauxarda

civad (Semobrunda) gaTamamda

g) sinonimebze muSaoba (4 wuTi):

miuwereT msgavsi mniSvnelobis sityvebi (jgufuri muSaoba):

or baraTze Camoiwereba sityvebi. TiTo jgufs miecema TiTo baraTi.

baraTi I

babua _ (papa)

moxuci _ (xandazmuli, beberi, xnieri)

uyura _ (ucqira, umzira)

koxtad morTuli _ (mokazmuli, gamowyobili, gamokopwiavebuli)

baraqiani _ (uxvi)

baraTi II

yasidad _ (gangeb, ganzrax mosaCveneblad)

eambora _ (akoca, xelze emTxvia)

isaubres _ (ibaases, ilaparakes)

siuxve _ (simdidre)

ixedeboda _ (icqireboda)

aqtivoba 4 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi)

aqtivoba 5 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi)

`Semodgoma babua kotesi~ _ Sinaarsi

`weriTi samuSao~ davaleba #1 (aqtivobebis rveuli) _ `babua kotes wuxili~.

Sedegebis kodi: IV3, IV4, IV7, IV8.

III gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ gakveTili iwyeba wina dRiT micemuli weriTi davalebis _

`babua kotes wuxili~ _ SemowmebiT. msjeloben, rogor Seasrules davaleba,

maT mier Semoxazuli pasuxebi (TviTSefaseba) a) Zalian kargad, b) kargad, g) gami-

Wirda, _ daemTxva Tu ara maswavleblis Sefasebas. msjeloben, ra gauWirdaT

ufro metad (6 wuTi).

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema (13 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen jer nawil-nawil, wina gakveTilze

Sedgenili gegmis mixedviT (TiTo moswavle gegmis TiTo sakiTxze saubrobs; Semdeg

ki _Sinaarss gadmoscemen mesame pirSi.

aqtivoba 3 _ gaesaubrebian babua kotes (wyvilebSi muSaoba), (10 wuTi):

57


jer zepirad, mere _ werilobiT (davaleba # 3, aqtivobebis rveuli).

nimuSi:

kiTxva: ratom gadawyviteT soflis datoveba?

pasuxi: movxucdiT da veRar SevZeliT marto cxovreba.

kiTxva: gansakuTrebiT ra genatrebaT?

pasuxi: sofelSi Cemi ezo-garemo, saxl-kari, axloblebi...

kiTxva: daubrundebodiT Tu ara isev Tqvens sofels?

pasuxi: didi survili maqvs, magram moxucebulobis gamo ver gavbedavdi.

kiTxva: gansakuTrebiT ras ver eguebiT qalaqSi?

pasuxi: martoobasa da usaqmurobas.

aqtivoba 4 _ gramatikul masalaze muSaoba (10 wuTi): piris nacvalsaxelebi:

me, Sen, is (igi).

maswavlebeli wers dafaze winadadebebs:

1. `me maswavli? Sen Cemze ukeTesad gaxsovs?~ _ ambobs babua kote.

_ Tavis Tavze saubrisas romel sityvas iyenebs babua kote?

_ iyenebs sityvas me.

_ cols, Tanamesaubres romeli sityviT mimarTavs?

_ mimarTavs sityviT Sen.

2. `safexurze xtomiT mimavalma biWma gauswro, arc is misalmebia babua

kotes~

_ am winadadebaSi sityva is romeli sityvis nacvlad aris gamoyenebuli?

_ gamoyenebulia sityvis _ biWi _ nacvlad.

gamoaqvT daskvna:

roca kaci TavisTavze laparakobs, me sityvas xmarobs; visac elaparakeba,

mimarTavs Sen sityviT, roca sxvaze laparakobs ambobs _ is (igi). me, Sen, is (igi)

nacvalsaxelebia.

asruleben aqtivobebis rveulSi mocemul me-4 davalebas: moZebne nacvalsaxelebi

winadadebebSi (pirvel winadadebaSi nacvalsaxelia me, meoreSi _ Sen,

mesameSi _ is, meoTxeSi _ me, Sen; mexuTeSi _ Sen, me; meeqvseSi _ is, meSvideSi _

me, merveSi _ igi).

maswavleblis davalebiT TviT moswavleebi asaxeleben winadadebebs nacvalsaxelebis

(me, Sen, is (igi)) gamoyenebiT.

aqtivoba 5 _ gakveTilis Sejameba da Sefaseba (4 wuTi):

aqtivoba 6 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): `Semodgoma babua kotesi.~ babua

kotes daxasiaTeba. weriTi davaleba #5 _ Casvi gamotovebuli nacvalsaxelebi

(aqtivobebis rveuli).

(pirvel winadadebaSi unda Caisves nacvalsaxeli me, meoreSi _ is, mesameSi

_ me, meoTxeSi _ Sen, mexuTeSi _ is-igi).

Sedegebis kodi: IV4, IV7, IV9, IV11, IV14.

58


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

karlo arseniSvilis `nasoflari~ (SemoklebiT);

piris nacvalsaxelebis: Cven, Tqven, isini _ gacnoba

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ argumentirebuli msjelobis unaris ganviTareba

_ Seswavlil literaturul nawarmoebebs Soris paralelebis gavleba

_ moqmed pirTa SedarebiTi daxasiaTeba

_ literaturuli personaJisaTvis werilis miwera

_ moswavleTa fantaziis ganviTareba

_ moswavleebSi humanizmisa da sikeTis grZnobis gaRviveba

_ pirTa nacvalsaxelebze Cven, Tqven, isini dakvirveba.

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle gadmoscems teqstis Sinaarss TxrobiT da werilobiT

_ avlebs paralels Seswavlil nawarmoebebs Soris

_ adarebs erTmaneTs moqmed pirebs, poulobs maT Soris msgavsebasa

da gansxvavebas

_ avlens Tavis fantazias moTxrobis gagrZelebisas, calkeul moqmed

pirTa Sefasebisas, daskvnebis gamotanisas...

_ agebs literaturuli personaJisaTvis misaweri werilis teqsts

_ avlens Tavis damokidebulebas teqstSi gadmocemuli ambisadmi

_ varjiSobs piris nacvalsaxelebis Cven, Tqven, isini _ praqtikulad

gamoyenebaze.

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (6 wuTi). aq vTavazobT maswavlebels 2

variants. varianti I:

gavixsenoT, romeli Seswavlili qarTuli xalxuri zRapari mTavrdeba ase:

`Svilebi darcxvenili idgnen mamis winaSe da verafris Tqmas ver axerxebdnen?~

(`miwas patroni unda~). gaimarTeba msjeloba: ratom idgnen Svilebi darcxvenili

mamis winaSe? (Svilebma ar daujeres mamas: aixires, miwis CiCqnas gvirCevnia,

sxvagan wavideT da qoneba viSovoTo. dahkres fexi da wavidnen). ra bedi ewia Svilebs?

(ramdenime xnis Semdeg gamaTxovrebulni dabrundnen Sin).

_ ra Sexedulebis iyo moxuci miwaze? (_ miwaze didi qoneba ar ariso, miwa

pirveli marCenali da masazrdoebelia. Tu xels gaanZrev, ar giRalatebs. miwa

didi simdidrea, mas gafrTxileba, patroni unda).

59


_ saidan Cans moxucis mier miwis udidesi siyvaruli? (mamas guli ukvdeboda,

rom misi gardacvalebis Semdeg ase naloliaveb miwas patroni ar eyoleboda

da sxvis xelSi Cavardeboda. moxucma gaWirvebis gamo Tavis qoneba Calis fasad

gayida, bolos jeri miwaze midga, magram moxuci miwis gayidvaze verafriT ver

daiTanxmes).

_ vin exmareboda moxucs miwis movlaSi? (mezoblebi: miwa moxnes, venaxi gasxles

da Semodgomaze Wirnaxuli daaxvaves).

_ yvelaferi rom gaeyida moxucs, saxl-karis nacvlad, ra daxvdeboda Svilebs?

(nasaxlari).

_ rogor gaagrZelebT am zRapars? (_ ukan dabrunebuli Svilebi amoudgebodnen

mxarSi mamas da aayvavebdnen Tavis ezogaremos...)

amis Semdeg daiwyeba axali masalis _ `nasoflari~ _ kiTxva.

varianti II:

_ warmoidgineT, rom babua kote Tavis meuRlesTan erTad sofelSi darCa.

rogori iqneboda iq maTi cxovreba? (am samuSaos umjobesia mieces jgufuri saxe.

TiToeuli jgufi warmoadgens pasuxis sakuTar variants, romlis Sefaseba da analizi

xdeba koleqtiurad).

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (14 wuTi). maswavlebeli teqsts kiTxulobs

pauzebiT. I pauza _ `mTeli sofeli aiyara~, II pauza _ `saxlis win mdgar xeebsac

patronis xeli etyoboda~, III pauza _ `mxolod Citi mofrinda erTxel~, IV pauza

_ isini Tavis enaze esaubrebodnen moxucs, V pauza _ `berikaci kurdRlebs efereboda

da Tan Tavis moyvanil kombostos foTlebs uyrida~, VI pauza _ `uTxra

gamomSvidobebisas madlierma moxucma stumars~, VII pauza _ `rodis scioda bajbajas

da rodis scxeloda, sul icoda~. TiToeuli pauzis Semdeg moswavleebs

eZlevaT saSualeba, gamoTqvan TavianTi mosazreba siuJetis Semdgomi ganviTarebis

Sesaxeb (teqsti unda ganagrZon sakuTari interpretaciiT), mxolod amis Semdeg

acnobs maswavlebeli klass avtoriseul variants, msjeloben, daemTxva Tu

ara maTi varaudi teqsts. amas mosdevs moTxrobis nawil-nawil kiTxva da axali

sityva-gamoTqmebis axsna: RiWa _ ekliani balaxi; usieri tye _ gauvali, uRrani

tye; imaslaaTes _ isaubres, ilaparakes; maslaaTi _ saubari, laparaki; Culebi

_ aq, ZonZebi; ukacrieli adgili _ dausaxlebeli adgili; asuldgmulebs _

aZlebinebs; fexi ver moacvlevines _ ver daZres adgilidan, ver waiyvanes. patronis

xeli etyoboda _ kargi movlili iyo; gzisken Tvali awydeboda _ sul

gzisken iyureboda.

faqtebze orientirebuli kiTxvebis mixedviT Catardeba gamokrebiTi kiTxvebi

(pasuxebs teqstidan amoikiTxaven):

_ ratom aiyara sofeli?

_ ratom ar eTmoboda nasoflari berikacs?

_ rogori saubari gaimarTa Citsa da berikacs Soris?

_ rogor daaimeda kurdRelma berikaci?

_ ra sikeTe gauxsena qorbudam berikacs?

_ amoikiTxeT is adgili, sadac aRwerilia daTunias stumroba.

_ ras ambobdnen mgzavrebi sibraluliT nasoflarze?

60


aqtivoba 3 _ gegmaze muSaoba (8 wuTi):

moswavleebi kiTxuloben teqsts calkeul, azrobrivad dasrulebul monakveTebad

da TiToeul maTgans asaTaureben:

_ sicocxle sofelSi

_ soflis gadaqceva nasoflarad

_ berikaci nasoflarSi

_ Citebis stumroba

_ kurdRlebis stumroba

_ qorbudas stumroba

_ daTunias stumroba

_ mgzavrebis sibraluli...

aqtivoba 4 _ teqstis analizi da gaazreba (7 wuTi):

Sinaarsisa da faqtobrivi masalis gaazrebis Semdeg daismis analizze, sin-

Tezze, gamoyenebasa da Sefasebaze orientirebuli kiTxvebi:

_ ratom aiyara xalxi soflidan? (erTs mobezrda soflis Sroma da moisurva

wasvla, sxvebmac mas mibaZes).

_ rogor gadaiqca sofeli nasoflarad? saxlebi _ nasaxlarad? (aRar ismoda

bavSvebis Jriamuli, Zroxebis bRavili, mamlebis yivili. nasaxlars balaxma

gadauara).

_ ra aZlebinebda moxucs nasoflarSi? (civi wyali, sufTa haeri, mouRleli

Sroma, frinvelebi da cxovelebi...).

_ risi imedi hqonda moxucs? (qalaqidan rodisme vinme Cavidoda).

_ ratom ver tovebda igi nasoflars? (qalaqSi eSinoda usaqmod yofnisa).

_ Tqveni azriT, risi Tqma surs avtors mkiTxvelisTvis? (ar unda Seelio

advilad Sens kerias, sadac dabadebulxar, gazrdilxar... sul sikeTe unda akeTo

da samagiero gadagexdeba...).

aqtivoba 5 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba:

a) rTuli sityvebis orTografiaze varjiSi (jgufebSi muSaoba) (3 wuTi):

baraTebze Camowerilia teqstSi mocemuli rTuli sityvebi, zogi Secdomi-

Taa dawerili, romlebic unda gadaxazon:

baraTi I

gadaxazeT SecdomiT dawerili

Sara-gza

SviliSvili

aremare

beri-kaci

mixveulmoxveuli

kramit-gadaxuruli

baraTi II

gadaxazeT SecdomiT dawerili

61


kini-gza

papaCemi

biZa-Svili

xandaxan

gogobiWebi

yvelaferi

(gadaixazeba: Sara-gza, beri-kaci, mixveulmoxveuli, rkini-gza, kramit-gadaxuruli,

biZa-Svili, gogo-biWebi)

moswavleebi gaecnobian aqtivobebis rveulSi mocemul tests da Semoxazaven

pasuxs:

berikaci ar wavida qalaqSi imitom, rom

a) ar enatreboda Tavis Svilebi,

b) ar moswonda qalaqSi cxovreba,

g) Zalian uyvarda Tavisi sofeli.

swori pasuxia g).

b) sityvaTa warmoqmna (2 wuTi):

ganagrZeT: nasoflari _ sofeli

nasaxlari _ (saxli)

naqalaqari _ (qalaqi)

nasaydrali _ (saydari)

aqtivoba 6 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi).

aqtivoba 7 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): `nasoflari~

weriTi davaleba # 2 (aqtivobebis rveuli) _ gegmis mixedviT

teqstis mokle Sinaarsis dawera.

Sedegebis kodi: IV3, IV5, IV6, IV7.

II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ saSinao davalebis Semowmeba:

a) gakveTils viwyebT wina gakveTilze micemuli weriTi davalebis _ gegmis

mixedviT teqstis mokle Sinaarsis dawera-SemowmebiT (4 wuTi):

dawerils kiTxulobs ramdenime moswavle. msjeloben rogor Seasrules

davaleba. maT mier Semoxazuli pasuxebi (Sefasebebi): a) Zalian kargad; b) kargad;

g) gamiWirda _ daemTxva Tu ara maswavleblis Sefasebas. msjeloben ra ufro

metad gauWirdaT Sinaarsis dawerisas.

b) teqstis Sinaarsis vrclad gadmocema (10 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen jer nawil-nawil, gegmis mixedviT,

Semdeg ki mTlianad, Sinaarss gadmoscemen mesame pirSi.

62


msjeloben, ratom hqvia am nawarmoebs `nasoflari~, sworad SeurCia Tu ara

avtorma teqsts saTauri. urCeven sxva saTaursac (`molodini~, `imedi~, `ukacrieli

adgili~, `sikeTe~...)

aqtivoba 2 _ paralelis gavleba Seswavlil nawarmoebebTan (4 wuTi):

`nasoflars~ adareben zRapars `miwas patroni unda~ da moTxrobas `Semodgoma

babua kotesi~. adgenen maT Soris msgavsebasa da gansxvavebas.

`nasoflarSi~ berikaci martodmarto rCeba mTel sofelSi, zRaparSi `miwas

patroni unda~ moxuci martodmarto rCeba saxlSi. oriveni Zalian marjveni

arian, orTaves uyvars Tavis sofeli, saxl-kari, pirvels yuradRebas aqceven

mxo lod frinvelebi da cxovelebi, meores ki _ mezoblebi, pirveli gascqeris

gzas Svilebis molodinSi, meores ki Svilebi daubrunda.

babua kote da berikaci: oriveni keTilebi, mSromelebi, Tavisi soflisa da

Tavisi keris moyvarulni, amasTan, dardianebi arian. babua kote SeaSina siberem

da Tavisi nebiT wavida qalaqSi, enatreba Tavisi saxl-kari (romelic gayida),

sofeli, axloblebi, ezo-garemo (ver egueba usaqmod yofnas).

berikaci ki ufro Zlieri aRmoCnda, miuxedavad imisa, rom mTeli sofeli

aiyara, nasoflarSi martodmartom gabeda darCena, Sromobs, mxolod frinvelebi

da cxovelebi exmaurebian, mas qalaqisaken awydeba Tvalebi, imedi aqvs, `rom

rodesme vinme Camova qalaqidan~.

aqtivoba 3 _ moTxrobis gagrZelebaze muSaoba (3 wuTi) (jgufuri muSaoba):

iseTi mimarTuleba mivceT, rom berikaci gaxarebuli darCes: `xSirad Camodian

Svilebi da SviliSvilebi moxucis sanaxavad, ugzavnian werilebs mezoblebi,

bevri sofleli ukan dabrunda sacxovreblad...~

aqtivoba 4 _ martod darCenili berikacisaTvis werilis miweraze muSaoba

(wyvilebi) (8 wuTi):

asruleben me-3 davalebas (aqtivobebis rveuli).

aqtivoba 5 _ andazebze muSaoba (3 wuTi):

_ romeli andazaa mocemuli teqstSi? (`Txa Txaze naklebi mgelma SeWama~).

_ Tqveni azriT, Seesabameba Tu ara igi am nawarmoebs? (Seesabameba: erTi gadasaxlda

soflidan, mas mibaZa mTelma sofelma...)

_ Tqven romeli andazebi gagaxsenaT am nawarmoebma?

`kargi qeni, qvas dadevi, gaivli da win dagxvdeba~;

`sikeTis Tesli ixarebs, dargo Tund sipsa qvazeda~;

`Citi sadac daibadeba, misi baRdadi is ariso...~.

aqtivoba 6 _ gramatikul masalaze muSaoba _ piris nacvalsaxelebi:

Cven, Tqven, isini (7 wuTi):

maswavleblis davalebiT moswavleebi `nasoflarSi~ moZebnian maTTvis cnobil

nacvalsaxelebs: me, Sen, is (igi).

(teqstSi Svidjeraa naxmari es nacvalsaxelebi).

63


maswavlebeli moswavleebs akvirvebs winadadebebze.

`Cven, kurdRlebs, sikeTe ar gvaviwydeba~ _ Tqva kurdRelma.

`Tqven, megobrebi, maZlebinebT am usier tyeSi~ _ uTxra madlierma berikacma

stumars.

`isini (Citebi) Tavis enaze esaubrebian moxucs~.

adgenen: vis gulisxmobs kurdReli sityvaSi `Cven~? (kurdRlebs).

vis gulisxmobs berikaci sityvaSi `Tqven?~ (megobrebs).

vis gulisxmobs avtori sityvaSi `isini?~ (Citebi).

gamoaqvT daskvna: Cven, Tqven, isini aseve nacvalsaxelebia. roca kaci Tavis

Tavze laparakobs da Tavis TavTan erTad sxvebsac gulisxmobs, ambobs Cven; roca

erTze mets elaparakeba, ambobs Tqven; roca sxvebze laparakobs, ambobs isini.

moswavleebi asaxeleben winadadebebs nacvalsaxelebis Cven, Tqven, isini

gamoyenebiT.

aqtivoba 7 _ gakveTilis Sejameba da Sefaseba (2 wuTi)

aqtivoba 8 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): `nasoflari~ TxrobiT.

weriTi samuSao: `aqtivobebis rveulidan~ davaleba # 4: CasviT winadadebeb-

Si saWiro nacvalsaxelebi.

(pirvel winadadebaSi unda Caisvas Cven; meoreSi _ Tqven, Cven, Tqven; mesameSi

_ Cven, isini; meoTxeSi _ isini; mexuTeSi _ isini).

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV4, IV8, IV9, IV12, IV14.

64


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

guram doCanaSvilis `xmauriani qalaqi”,

piris nacvalsaxelebi (Temis gagrZeleba)

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ martivi saganmanaTleblo informaciebis miwodeba: a) Zvel Tbilisze,

b) niko firosmanze

_ piris nacvalsaxelebis gacnoba

_ piris nacvalsaxelebTan dakavSirebuli martivi stiluri Cvevebis

formireba _ sityvaTganmeorebisaTvis Tavis arideba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ yofs calkeul nawilebad, adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss

_ ajamebs martiv saganmanaTleblo informacias niko firosmanis Sesaxeb

_ ecnoba Zveli Tbilisis yofisaTvis damaxasiaTebel leqsikas

_ akvirdeba piris nacvalsaxelebis funqcias da iyenebs maT metyvelebaSi

swori formiT

_ wers

_ muSaobs jgufurad, wyvilebSi, individualurad

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass axsenebs II klasSi miRebul

informacias niko firosmanis Sesaxeb. es aqtivoba SeiZleba Sesruldes jgufurad.

amave etapze aTvaliereben moswavleebi saxelmZRvaneloSi warmodgenil

niko firosmanis suraTebis reproduqciebs; msjeloben, ZiriTadad ra aris ma-

Tze asaxuli...

damatebiTi informaciebi maswavleblisaTvis:

a) firosmanaSvili nikoloz aslanis Ze, daibada sof. mirzaanSi (dedofliswyaros raioni)

1862 wels, gardaicvala TbilisSi 1918 wels. mSoblebis gardacvalebis Semdeg igi TbilisSi

gadmovida sacxovreblad. specialuri samxatvro ganaTleba ar miuRia. 1880-ian wlebSi gaxsna

abre bis saxelosno da Rebulobda SekveTebs abrebis damzadebaze, muSaobda rkinigzaze konduqtorad,

vaWrobaSic scada bedi... ZiriTadad Tbilisel vaWrebTan afarebda Tavs, maTi SekveTiT

65


xatavda abrebs, portretebs. mTeli cxovreba Tavi ver daaRwia gaWirvebas. gardaicvala mar-

toobaSi da misi saflavic ki ucnobi darCa. misi Semoqmedebisadmi didi interesi gamoiCines

sikvdilis Semdeg. am saqmeSi didi Rvawli miuZRviT Zmeb zdaneviCebs _ mxatvar kirilsa da poet

ilias; mxatvrebs: dimitri SevardnaZes, lado gudiaSvils, daviT kakabaZes, poet giorgi leoniZes.

gansakuTrebiT gacxovelda interesi misi Semoqmedebisadmi me-20 saukunis 60-iani wlebidan, mis

cxovrebasa da Semoqmedebaze gamoica uamravi wigni rogorc CvenSi, ise sazRvargareT, reJisorma

g. Sengelaiam gadaiRo mis Sesaxeb biografiuli filmi. marjaniSvilis Teatris scenaze daidga

speqtakli `martoobis dResaswauli”, moewyo misi suraTebis gamofena rogorc TbilisSi, ise _

msoflios did qalaqebSi. TbilisSi dadges misi Zegli, sof. mirzaanSi gaixsna misi saxlmuzeumi.

mxatvris Semoqmedebis didi nawili inaxeba saqarTvlos xelovnebis muzeumSi, agreTve _ saz-

RvargareTis muzeumebsa da kerZo koleqciebSi. firosmanis SemoqmedebaSi didi adgili uWiravs

qeifis sce nebs, Tematurad am scenebs enaTesaveba naturmortebi da abrebi, gansakuTrebuli ad-

gili uWiravs Zveli Tbilisis peizaJebs. mkveTri socialuri daxasiaTebiT gamoirCeva firosma-

nis xelosnebis, meduqneebis, kintoebis, muSebis... portretebi. igi ZiriTadad muSambaze xatavda.

naxatebSi yvelgan igrZnoba, rom mas specialuri samxatvro ganaTleba ar miuRia. misi suraTebis

upirveles Zalas warmoadgens maTi Sinagani simarTle, uSualoba, didi eqspresiuloba, xasiaTis

mkafio gamoxatva...

b) teqstis avtori guram doCanaSvili _ daibada TbilisSi 1939 wels, 1962 wels daamTavra

Tsu istoriis fakulteti, pirveli moTxrobebi: `pirveli koncerti~ da `Tanamgzavri~ gamoaqvey-

na Jurnal `ciskarSi~ 1961 wels. avtoria moTxrobebis krebulebisa: `nabiji”, `saqme”, `mxiaruli

borcvi”, `samoseli pirveli”... winamdebare nawyveti amoRebulia moTxrobidan `mTva riani Rame _

fiqrebi firosmanze~.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts moswavleebi kiTxuloben, nawil-nawil kiTxvis

procesSi aixsneba sityvebi da gamoTqmebi (ix. `sityvis salaro”), yuradReba

maxvildeba im faqtze, rom axladgacnobili leqsikuri erTeulebis didi nawili

Zveli Tbilisis yofis amsaxvelia (faetoni, kinto, arRani, erdo...), maTi erTi

nawili dRes aRar gamoiyeneba da gaqra Zveli Tbilisis yofasTan erTad.

teqsts yofen calkeul nawilebad da asaTaureben, kiTxuloben gamokrebiT:

a) Zveli Tbilisis quCebi, g) garToba Zvel TbilisSi, g) Zveli Tbiliselebi,

d) mxatvari nikala, e) Tbiliselebi da mxatvari, v) mSobliuri soflis monatreba.

3. teqstis gaazreba_moswavleebi msjeloben, Tu rogor aris aRwerili

teqstSi Zveli Tbilisi, Zveli TbilisisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli ra niSnebi

Cans masSi (mravali erovnebisa da adaT-wesis adamiani cxovrobs, quCaSi kinto

ukravs arRanze, viwro quCebSi faetoni daraxraxebs, dgas erdoiani saxlebi, erdoze

noxebi da muTaqebia...), rogorebi arian mwerlis TvaliT danaxuli Zveli

Tbiliselebi (erTi azri ara aqvT araferze; uyvarT garToba: aCxubeben yo-

Cebs, aZiZgilaveben mamlebs, saxlebis erdoebze saRamoobiT qalebi ukraven da

cekvaven, xSirad qeifoben; qalaqelebi exmarebian erTmaneTs... ), rogor aris aRwerili

nikala (SavebSi Cacmuli, Savi wver-ulvaSiT, uyvars Sav muSambaze xatva,

misi daxatuli adamianebi mudam mowyenilni arian...), raze migvaniSnebs amiT mw-

66


erali (nikala sevdiania, amitomac uyvars Savi feri da amitomac xatavs mow yenil

adamianebs; uyvars qalaqelebTan yofna, magram mudam Tavisi sofeli enat reba);

rogoria qalaqelebis damokidebuleba nikalasadmi (qalaqelebs Zalian uyvarT

nikala _ xSirad iwveven sufraze, pativs scemen, mwerali mas `qalaqis Svilobils~

uwodebs)... sruldeba davalebebi: # 1 da #2.

moswavleebi wyvilebSi asruleben #3 davalebas (ra vicodi firosmanis

Sesaxeb, ra gavige, ris gageba mainteresebs).

varjiSoben teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocemaze.

I. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. teqstis gamomsaxvelobiT mxareze dakvirveba _ romeli winadadebebi

meordeba teqstSi (`mxatvars qalaqSi siaruli uyvarda~... `eh, qalaqelebs

ras gaugebdi!...~), ratom imeorebs am winadadebebs mwerali (rom ufro saintereso

gaxados Txroba; gviCvenos, rom mxatvars uyvars da izidavs qalaqi, magram bolomde

ar esmis qalaqelebis...), ra sityvebia gamoyenebuli Zveli Tbilisis aRwerisaTvis...

2. rTuli sityvebis marTlweraze dakvirveba _ stumarTmoyvare, wyalwaRebuli,

qudCamofxatuli, TeTrwveriani..._ rogor iwereba es sityvebi (er-

Tad), ratom (maT Soris da kavSiris Casma ar SeiZleba). am sityvebis gamoyenebiT

Sedgeba da dafaze daiwereba winadadebebi.

3. piris nacvalsaxelebze dakvirveba _ sruldeba saxelmZRvanelos 43-e

gv.-ze moTavsebuli davaleba da eZleva gansazRvra, rom me, Cven I piris nacvalsaxelebia;

Sen, Tqven _ II piris; is (igi), isini _ III piris. sruldeba davalebebi

#4 da #5.

Sedegebis kodi: IV3, IV4, IV5, IV6, IV7, IV8, IV11, IV13.

67


momdevno masalis _ lado asaTianis leqsis `ar vici, ase ram Semayvara~ _

dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT. vTavazobT mxolod damatebiT informacias

lado asaTianis Sesaxeb.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis _ asaTiani lado, daibada 1917 wels

quTaisSi, gardaicvala 1943 wels TbilisSi. 1938 w daamTavra quTaisis ped. institutis qarTuli

enisa da literaturis fakulteti, pirveli leqsi `Tebervlis dila~ gamoaqveyna quTaisSi

gazeT `stalinelSi~. mis adreul leqsebSive (“lxini kaxelebTan”, `fSauri balada”) gamovlinda

misi poeziis Taviseburebani, rac dakavSirebuli iyo qarTuli xalxuri poeziisa da XIX saukunis

qarTuli klasikuri lirikis tradiciebTan. misi poeziis arsebiTi niSania maJoruli xmovaneba

da erovnul-patriotuli ganwyoba. saqarTvelos istoriis mZafri peripetiebi mis SemoqmedebSi

organulad erwymis Tanamedroveobis erovnul gancdas. naadrevi sikvdilis SiSi, rac gamowveuli

iyo misi fizikuri mdgomareobiT, daZleulia sicocxlis Seupovari rwmeniT. mis poezias gansakuTrebul

elfers sZens frazis musikaloba, sisadave, azris aforistuli sizuste da wrfeli

artistizmi. misma poeziam udidesi gavlena moaxdina misi Tanatolebisa da momdevno Taobis

qarTveli poetebis Semoqmedebaze. aRsaniSnavia leqsebis cikli firosmanze (`oTxi usaTauro”,

`firosmanis duqani”).

68


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

nino nakaSiZis `legenda Tbilisze”,

zmnis piri da ricxvi (praqtikulad)

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ martivi saganmanaTleblo informaciis miwodeba: a) Tbilisze, b) vaxtang

gorgasalze

_ pirisa da ricxvis mixedviT zmnis formacvlaze dakvirveba (praqtikulad)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs

_ gadmoscems teqstis Sinaarss

_ wers

_ eufleba axal leqsikur erTeulebs

_ ajamebs martiv saganmanaTleblo informacias vaxtang gorgaslisa da

Tbilisis Sesaxeb

_ akvirdeba zmnis formacvlis martiv SemTxvevebs

_ iyenebs urTierTSefasebisa da TviTSefasebis formebs

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass yofs jgufebad da aZlevs

davalebas _ gaixsenon da Camoweron, ra ician Tbilisis Sesaxeb.

damatebiTi damatebiTi informaciebi informaciebi maswavleblisaTvis:

maswavleblisaTvis:

a) Tbilisi: arqeologiuri gaTxrebiT dasturdeba, rom Tbilisi dasaxlebuli adgili yofila

jer kidev Cveni welTaRricxvis IV aTaswleulSi. pirveli wyaroseuli moxsenieba ganekuTvneba

ax. welTaRricxvis IV saukunis II naxevars, roca am adgilas mefe varaz-bakuris dros cixe

aages. IV saukunis dasasruls Tbilisi sparseli pitiaxSis rezidencia iyo. V saukunis Sua wlebidan

igi kvlav qarTlis mefeTa xelSi gadavida. vaxtang gorgasalma Tbilisi aRadgina da gaaSena,

amitomac aris miCneuli igi qalaqis daamarseblad. misma memkvidrem_ daCi I-ma ujarmelma_ VI

saukunis damdegs daamTavra qalaqis zRude-galavnis ageba da, mamis anderZis Tanxmad, sataxto

69


qalaqi mcxeTidan TbilisSi gadmoitana. Tavisi adgilmdebareobis gamo Tbilisi moeqca momijnave

saxelmwifoTa samxedro-strategiuli interesebis sferoSi. VI saukunis bolodan iwyeba mravalsaukunovani

brZola TbilisisaTvis. 570-580 wlebSi qalaqs sparselebi flobdnen. 627 wels Tbilisi

daarbia bizantia-xazareTis laSqarma; 736-738 wlebSi _ arabTa mTavarsardlma murvan-yrum

(marvan II ibn-muhamadi). amieridan Tbilisi axladwarmoqmnili arabuli saamiros centri xdeba.

883 wels xalifas xelisuflebis ganmtkicebis mizniT igi dalaSqra arabma sardalma buRa Turqma.

1037-1051 wlebSi mefe bagrat IV-m araerTxel scada Tbilisis dakaveba, magram qalaqSi Seqmnili

aramyari politikuri situaciis gamo es SeuZlebeli aRmoCnda. 1068 wels qalaqi Turq-selCukTa

sulTanma alf-arslanma dalaSqra da daikava. 1122 wels qalaqi ucxoelTa batonobisagan daviT

aRmaSenebelma gaaTavisufla da aq gadmoitana gaerTianebuli saqarTvelos dedaqalaqi.

b) vaxtang gorgasali _ qarTlis mefe V saukunis II naxevarSi. ibrZoda iranis uRlidan

qveynis ganTavisuflebisaTvis, mefis xelisuflebis ganmtkicebisaTvis, qveynis centralizaciisaTvis.

mis saxels ukavSirdeba mniSvnelovani saeklesio reformis gatareba, kaTalikosobis

institutis SemoReba, kidev ufro ganamtkica kavSiri bizantiasTan. Caatara didi saqalaqo

mSe nebloba, ganzraxuli hqonda qarTlis dedaqalaqi gadmoetana mcxeTidan TbilisSi, rac

sabolood misma Zem _ daCim _ ganaxorciela. 482 wels moawyo ajanyeba iranelTa winaaRmdeg,

sikvdiliT dasaja iranelebis dasayrdeni qarTlSi _ varsqen pitiaxSi. qveynis damoukideblobisaTvis

Tavganwirulma brZolam igi erovnul gmirad aqcia. dasaflavebulia mcxeTaSi, sveticxovlis

taZarSi.

g) teqstis avtori nino nakaSiZe (anTaZe) (1872-1963 wlebi), qarTveli sabavSvo mwerali, mas

gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs agreTve qarTuli Jurnalistikis istoriaSic. moRvaweobda `cnobis

furcelSi”, `iveriaSi”, gansakuTrebuli aRniSvnis Rirsia misi moRvaweoba sabavSvo Jurnal `nakadulSi~

(1904-1928 wlebi). misi TaosnobiT daarsda agreTve pirveli qarTuli sabavSvo Teatri.

mravalferovania misi Semoqmedebis Tematika: samSoblo, megobroba, humanizmi, didaqtika, buneba...

mwerali ar Ralatobs tradiciul normebs bavSvis intelqtualur-esTetikuri aRzrdis Sesaxeb

da bolomde icavs Tavisi winamorbedebis (vaJa, akaki, iakob gogebaSvili...) literaturuldidaqtikur

principebs.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts kiTxuloben moswavleebi. nawil-nawil kiTxvis

procesSi aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, risTvisac gamoiyeneba `sityvis

salaro~. (umjobesia teqstis calkeuli Tavis damuSavebas calkeuli saaTi

davuTmoT). teqsti iyofa calkeul nawilebad da klasis aqtiuri monawileobiT

Sedgeba gegma, romelic, sorientaciod, aseT saxes miiRebs:

mzadeba nadirobisaTvis

iremze nadiroba

xoxobze nadiroba

SeSinebuli bazierebi

samkurnalo wyali

mefis gadawyvetileba...

moswavleebi maswavleblis miTiTebiT eZeben da gamokrebiT kiTxuloben

70


teqstSi im adgilebs, sadac aRwerilia: a) mefis patriotizmi, b) mefis humanizmi,

g) momavali qalaqis mniSvneloba... am dros SeiZleba gamoviyenoT Cumi

kiTxvac.

4. teqstis analizi _ klasis saerTo ZalebiT gaanalizdeba, rodindeli ambavia

teqstSi aRwerili, ratom hqvia am teqsts `legenda Tbilisze”, ras aRniSnavs

sityva `legenda~ (rom teqstSi aRwerili ambavi dayrdnobilia ara istoriul

faqtebze, aramed xalxis gadmocemaze, amdenad, SeiZleba, igi arc Seesabamebodes

sinamdviles), vin aris am teqstis mTavri gmiri (vaxtang gorgasali), misi xasiaTis

ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi (patriotizmi, dakvirvebuloba, strategiuli

niWi, Tavmdabloba...), ra niSnebiT SearCia mefem momavali dedaqalaqisaTvis adgili

(igi mtrisaTvis miudgomelia, moqceulia mTebs Soris, `mrisxane cixed daxvdeba

samtrod mosuls”, lamazia...). werilobiT sruldeba davalebebi #1 da #2;

wyvilebSi _ davaleba #3. aseve maswavlebelma klass SeiZleba SesTavazos sawer

Temad `ratom daerqva Tbilisi~. weriTi namuSevrebis analizisas gamoiyeneba

urTierTSefasebisa da TviTSefasebis formebi.

5. moswavleebi gabmuli TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. Tematur leqsikaze dakvirveba _ maswavlebeli dafaze Camowers sityvebs:

bazieri, mimino, mwevari, Savardeni ... da klass ekiTxeba _ rasTan asocirdeba

es sityvebi (nadirobasTan), xom ar gaixseneben nadirobasTan dakavSirebul

sxva sityvebsac (aq SeiZleba erTgvari Sejibric Catardes);

2. zmnis formacvlaze dakvirveba _ moswavleebi akvirdebian saxelmZRvanelos

46-e gv.-ze moTavsebul savarjiSos da gamoaqvT daskvna, rom zmna im pirSia,

romeli piris nacvalsaxelic Seewyoba mas. am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba

davaleba #4. SeiZleba am mizniT gamoviyenoT sakiTxavi teqstic.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV4, IV5, IV7, IV8, IV13, IV14.

71


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

revaz inaniSvilis `Cveni yoCaRi skvinCa”,

I-sa da III pirSi Txroba

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri: a) bunebismetyvelebasTan, b) musikasTan

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gamometyvelebiTi kiTxvis Cvevis gamomuSaveba

_ aRweriTi da mxatvruli teqstebis Seqmna

_ sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs mxatvrul teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs da asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ qmnis martiv dargobriv da mxatvrul teqstebs

_ wers

_ gabmuli TxrobiT gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss rogorc I, ise III pirSi

_ varjiSobs gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaSi

_ akvirdeba sityvis (am SemTxvevaSi zedsarTavi saxelis) gamomsaxvelobiT

mxares

I. teqstze muSaoba

1 kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am etapis dagegmvas maswavlebels vandobT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis _ skvinCa, frinveli beRurasnair-

Ta rigisa, mamlis Tavi nacrisferia, zurgi _ yavisferi, aqa-iq mwvane urevia, mkerdi RvinisferwiTelia,

dedali ufro bacia. garcelebulia evropaSi, dasavleT aziasa da CrdiloeT afrikaSi.

saqarTveloSi erT-erTi yvelaze mravalricxovani frinvelia, binadrobs yvela tipis tyeSi.

aprilSi debs 2-3 kvercxs, inkubacia grZeldeba 2 kviramde. zogjer meored budobs ivnisSi. ikvebeba

mcenareebis mwvane nawilebiT, TeslebiT, mwerebiT. aris kargi mgalobeli.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts maswavlebeli kiTxulobs gamometyvelebiT

Tavi dan bolomde. teqsti emociuria, Seicavs aRweras, msjelobas, dialogs,

72


monologs, amitom kiTxvisas sagangebod unda SevarCioT tempi, intonacia,

logikuri da fsiqologiuri maxvilebi...

teqsts nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebi. gzadagza, kiTxvis procesSi,

moswavleTa saerTo ZalebiT aixsneba gaugebari leqsikuri erTeulebi (savaraudod

aseTi SeiZleba iyos: fanteli _ fifqi, skveri _ patara baRi, ZiZgnida _

aq: wiwknida, Wamda; fexebi azreba _ fexebi eyineba; proTezi _ sxeulis xelovnuri

nawili, romelic gakeTebulia dakarguli saTanado bunebrivi nawilis nacvlad...).

moswavleebi asaTaureben teqstis TiToeul monakveTs da adgenen gegmas,

romelic, savaraudod, aseTi SeiZleba iyos (am dros SeiZleba gamoviyenoT Cumi

kiTxva):

dekembris dRe

Sexvedra gogonasTan

calfexa skvinCa

damSvidobeba...

3. teqstis analizi _ gairkveva, weliwadis ra droa aRwerili teqstSi

(zamTris damdegi), rogor aris aRwerili (qariani dRe, muqi Rrublebi, sveli

Tovli, gadamxmari mdeloebi, vercxlisferi naZvi...), rogor arian aRwerili

gamvlelebi (paltoebis sayelo wamouweviaT, saxe Sig CaurgavT, Sinisaken miiCqarian),

vin da vin arian am moTxrobis gmirebi (mwerali-mTxrobeli da gogona), maTi

ra Tvisebebi Cans aq (mwerali keTilia, Zalze ebraleba calfexa skvinCa, magram

gogo nas amSvidebs, raTa mas amis gamo guli ar etkinos; gogonac aseve keTilia,

is da naR vlianebulia skvinCas mdgomareobis gamo, surs Seumsubuqos mas mdgomareoba,

uyris puris namcecebs; Tavaziania _ es misi saubridan da moqcevidan

Cans...); ris Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis (adamianis sikeTe sul umniSvnelo

rameSic ki mJRavndeba); ratom hqvia nawarmoebs `Cveni yoCaRi skvinCa”, xom

ar SeurCeven am teqsts sxva saTaurs; rogori ganwyoba daeufla mwerals mzias

gacnobis Semdeg; ram Seuqmna mas aseTi ganwyoba (gogonas saqcielma, skvinCas

gambedaobam); ratom mounda mwerals wynari, keTili musikis mosmena... (kargi

iqneba, Tu am masalis swavlebas davukavSirebT musikis gakveTils da moswavleebs

mosasmenad SevTavazebT musikas, davakvirvebT, mocemul SemTxvevaSi SeuZlia Tu

ara musikas gadmosces adamianis ganwyoba. rekomendebulia p. Caikovskis `weliwadis

dronidan~ `Semodgomis simRera”, an Sesabamisi ganwyobis sxva piesa)...

sruldeba davalebebi: #1, #2 da #3. samive davaleba gulisxmobs dargobrivi

da mxatvruli teqstebis Seqmnas. maswavleblis gadasawyvetia, romeli davaleba

SeiZleba Sesruldes Sin da romeli _ klasSi.

4. moswavleebi gabmuli TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss.

73


II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

a) sityvis gamomsaxvelobiT mxareze dakvirveba _ moswavleebi kiTxuloben

teqstis I abzacs da asaxeleben im zedsarTav saxelebs, romlebsac mwerali

dekembris dRis aRwerisaTvis iyenebs (qariani, muqi, civi, sveli, bneli, gadamxmari),

avarjiSebs maTi sinonimebis SerCevaze; akvirvebs, ramdenad zustad SeZlo

mweralma amindis aRwerisaTvis zedsarTavi saxelebis SerCeva, TviTon romeli

zedsarTavi saxelebiT aRweren dekembris dRes...

b) sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba _ teqsti dawerilia I pirSi. maswavlebeli klass

axsenebs revaz inaniSvilis sxva moTxrobebsac, romlebic aseve I pirSia dawerili

(`Semodgomis dRe~, `mayvalze~, `wvimasa da mzeSi~...); arkveven, ratom mimarTavs

am xerxs mwerali ase xSirad (ufro zustad da uSualod rom gviTxras Tavisi

saTqmeli), romel nacvalsaxels iyenebs am dros (me _ I piris nacvalsaxels), gadmoscen

teqstis Sinaarsi III pirSi da gamoiyenon nacvalsaxeli is (igi). sruldeba

davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV3, IV4, IV6, IV9, IV11, IV13, IV14.

momdevno Temebis: murman lebaniZis `suraTi~ da vaJa-fSavelas `saaxalwlo

fiqrebi~ _ dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

74


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

revaz inaniSvilis `didi zamTari”,

zmnis formacvla piris mixedviT

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ teqstis gamomsaxvelobiT mxareze dakvirveba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri: a) ekologiasTan, b) saxviTsa da gamoyenebiT xelovnebasTan

_ zmnis formacvlaze dakvirveba (romeli piria)

_ orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ avlebs paralelebs bunebismetyvelebis gakveTilebze miRebul informaciasTan

_ asuraTebs teqsts

_ wers

_ iRebs intervius literaturuli personaJisagan

_ akvirdeba zmnis formacvlas piris mixedviT, akeTebs saTanado daskvnebs

_ varjiSobs sxvadasxva pirSi Txrobaze

I. teqstze muSoaba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ es samuSao SeiZleba orgvarad Catardes: a) maswavlebeli

klass avalebs gaixsenon revaz inaniSvilis Seswavlili nawarmoebebi

da imsjelon, ra aqvT maT saerTo (sikeTe, adamianis damokidebuleba cocxalsa

da aracocxal bunebasTan...), b) klass misces Tema: `adamiani da tye~ (“tye Seunaxe

Svilebsa”). orive aqtivobas SeiZleba mivceT jgufuri muSaobis saxe.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ moTxroba ikiTxeba Tavidan bolomde. teqsti ZiriTadad

aRweriTi xasiaTisaa, msjeloba monologuria, gamometyvelebiTi kiTxvisas

am moments unda mieqces yuradReba.

75


axali leqsikuri erTeulebis axsnisaTvis SeiZleba gamoviyenoT Cumi kiTxva:

klass vavalebT waikiTxon teqsti Cumad da moiniSnon gaugebar sityvebi da

gamoTqmebi, romlebic Semdeg klasis aqtiuri monawileobiT aixsneba. `sityvis

salaroSi~ axsnili leqsikuri erTeulebis garda, moswavleebisaTvis, savaraudod,

gaugebari SeiZleba aRmoCndes sityvebi: samkauli _ nivTi visime an risame

Sesamkobad, mosarTavad; garinddeba _ gaCumdeba; xorxociT _ xmauriT; gaxuxuli

puri _ gacxelebuli, gaficxebuli puri; tyismcveli _ piri, romelic

tyes icavs; burusi _ nisli; SeiSmuSnebian _ Seirxevian....

teqsts moswavleebi kiTxuloben nawil-nawil da adgenen gegmas, romelsac,

savaraudod, aseTi saxe SeiZleba mieces:

Tovliani tye

tyis stumari

keTili maspinZeli

stumris gacileba

xeebis gaoceba...

moswavleebi teqstidan maswavleblis miTiTebiT kiTxuloben calkeul adgilebs

(gamokrebiTi kiTxva), gadmoscemen wakiTxulis Sinaarss winaswar Sedgenili

gegmis mixedviT.

3. teqstis analizi _ gairkveva: a) rogor aRwers mwerali Tovlian tyes,

ra enobriv saSualebebs iyenebs amisaTvis (xeebi adamianebiviT cocxal arsebebad

arian gamoyvanili _ maT rcxveniaT, ukvirT, iSmuSnebian, samkaulebiT arian mor-

Tuli, scivaT...), ratom uwodebs mwerali tyes gaqvavebul samefos (yvelaferi

gayinulia, irgvliv CamiCumi ar ismis), b) rogor aRwers mwerali poetisa da tyis

urTierTobas (poets TiTqos musika esmis, iseTi kmayofilebiT ugdebs yurs ra-

Racas; tkbeba tyis mSvenebiT, amitomac ewvia igi aseT yinvaSi gvian RamiT tyes); g)

rogor aRwers mwerali tyismcvels (jan-RoniT savse, dinji, saxenaTeli kaci...),

d) rogor aRwers mwerali stumar-maspinZlis Sexvedras...

moswavleebi martivad axasiaTeben literturul personaJebs _ poetsa

da tyismcvels, asabuTeben Tavis azrs teqstis mixedviT. sruldeba testuri

davaleba (swori pasuxia g).

klass jgufuri muSaobisaTvis SeiZleba SevTavazoT davaleba _ Seadginon

teqsti saxelwodebiT `Tovliani tyis zRapari”, wyvilebSi sruldeba davaleba

#3, individualurad _ davalebebi #1 da #2.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. Seswavlil metyvelebis nawilebze dakvirveba _ waikiTxon teqstis

pirveli abzaci da daasaxelon iqidan arsebiTi saxelebi zedsarTavTan erTad;

Secvalon zedsarTavi saxelebi sinonimuri formebiT (didi zamTari _ Tovliani

zamTari; didi Rame _ grZeli Rame; veeberTela mTvare _ uSvelebeli mTvare;

lamazi samkauli _ mSvenieri /Zvirfasi/ samkauli...).

76


2. rTuli sityvebis marTlwera _ moZebnon teqstSi da amoweron rTuli sityvebi,

romlebic: a) iwereba erTad (tyismcveli, tyispiri); b) iwereba defisiT

(Tav-piri, stumar-maspinZeli, jan-Rone); daasabuTon, ratom iwereba es sityvebi

ase.

3. zmnis formacvalze dakvirveba _ sruldeba saxelZRvanelos 53-e gv-ze

mocemuli davaleba, romelic iTvaliswinebs piris mixedviT zmnis formacvlaze

dakvirvebas. eZleva daskvna _ zmnas sami piri aqvs: I, II da III. zmna icvleba pirebis

mixedviT. am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba amave gverdze mocemuli savarjiSo

_ mocemuli zmnebi cvale pirebis mixedviT. `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ sruldeba

davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV3, IV4, IV6, IV7, IV8, IV10, IV11, IV13, IV14.

77


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

giorgi SatberaSvilis `moCxubariZe”; zmnis piri, piris niSnebis

gacnoba (subieqturi piris magaliTze _ terminis gareSe)

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ mTavari da aramTavari gmirebis gacnoba

_ moqmedi pirebis martivad daxasiaTeba

_ zmnis piris niSnebis gacnoba (subieqturi piris magaliTze)

_ frazeologizmebze dakvirveba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle ecnoba martiv saganmanaTleblo informacias al. yazbegis

Sesaxeb

_ kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ martivad axasiaTebs literaturul personaJebs

_ gamoyofs mTavar da aramTavar gmirebs

_ yofs teqsts nawilebad

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss

_ wers

_ zogadad ecnoba piris niSnebis raobas (subieqturi piris niSnebis

magaliTze _ saTanado terminis gareSe)

I. teqstze muSaoba

damatebiTi informaciebi maswavleblisaTvis:

a) aleqsandre yazbegi (moCxubariZe) _ daibada 1848 wlis 8 ianvars, gardaicvala 1893 wlis

13 ianvars. yazbegianT gvari warmodgeba CofikaSvilebisagan, romlebic stefanwmindis mouravebi

iyvnen. maTi saxl-kari xevSi simdidriTa da SeZlebiT gamoirCeoda. patara sandroc fufunebSi

izrdeboda. sofelSi dauaxlovda igi Tavisi nawarmoebebis momaval gmirebs, romelTa mimarT igi

bavSvobidanve gansakuTrebul siyvaruls iCenda, rac am teqstSiac aris asaxuli. 1859 wels igi

TbilisSi gadmoiyvanes saswavleblad da erT-erT prestiJul saswavlebelSi miabares. ojaxuri

mdgomareobis gamo swavlas Tavi daaneba 1865 wlidan, rasac Zalian ganicdida. 1867 wels umaRlesi

ganaTlebis misaRebad gaemgzavra moskovSi, sadac Cairicxa sameurneo akademiaSi Tavisufal

msmenelad, magram usaxsrobis gamo swavlis damTavreba ver SeZlo da 1870 wels dabrunda samSobloSi.

1871 wels igi ubralo mecxvared wavida mTaSi, Tumca hqonda SesaZlebloba, gaekeTebina

kariera. misTvis xalxTan siaxlove warmoadgenda Semoqmedebis wyaros. isic aRsaniSnavia, rom

Tavisi iq yofniT igi bevrad umsubuqebda ubralo moxeveebs yofas. 1879 wlidan gadmodis TbilisSi

da aq agrZelebs moRvaweobas. mis SemoqmedebaSi gansakuTrebul adgils ikavebs e. w. `mTis

78


ciklis~ nawarmoebebi. man saocari damajereblobiT dagvixata CvenTvis manamde ucnobi _ moxeveTa

_ samyaro. misi Semoqmedebis Tavisebureba ganapiroba mTis ubralo xalxis bunebis kargma

codnam, maTTan siaxlovem.

b) teqstis avtori giorgi SatberaSvili _ 1910-1965 w. 1932 wels daamTavra Tbilisis sax.

universitetis istoriis fakulteti. lit. moRvaweobas iwyebs 1929 wlidan, pirveli poeturi krebuli

gamoica 1933 wels. misi SemoqmedebisaTvis damaxasiaTeelia Janrobrivi mravalferovneba.

aRsaniSnavia, rom nayofierad Sromobda sabavSvo literaturis sferoSi, ekuTvnis mravali sabavSvo

moTxroba; maT Soris aRsaniSnavia `saTaflia~ da `mtkvris saTavisaken~.

g) Zmadgaficva _ xelovnuri danaTesavebis erT-erTi forma. saqarTveloSi ZiriTadad

gavrcelebuli iyo mTielTa Soris. arsebobs Zadgaficvis ramdenime wesi: 1. Zadgaficvis

msurvelebi neka TiTebs gaiWridnen da ise gadaaWdibdnen, rom sisxli erTmaneTSi areuliyo;

2. daWrili TiTebidan gamowurul sisxls wyalSi gaurevdnen da Sesvamdnen; 3. orive piri Zmad

gaificeboda xatSi naTesavebis TandaswrebiT, xevisberi daklavda maT mier moyvanil saklavs,

mis sisxls apkurebda Zmadgaficvis msurvelT da dalocavda; 4. iaraRis vercxlis Semkulobidan

vercxls Cafxekdnen sasmelian TasSi, romelsac orive Zmadnafici Sesvamda. Zmadgaficva SeiZleboda

rogorc mamakacebs, ise qalsa da mamakacs Soris. ZmadSeficulebs ekisrebodaT sisxliT na-

Tesavis ufleba-movaleobani (mag. sisxlis aReba...), maT Soris akrZaluli iyo qorwineba...

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass uCvenebs al. yazbegis portrets

da martivad esaubreba am mwerlis cxovrebisa da Semoqmedebis Sesaxeb. wina

planze wamoiwevs mwerlis bavSvoba, agreTve mecxvareobaSi gatarebuli wlebi,

ramac dasabami misca mis SemoqmedebaSi moxeveTa cxovrebis asaxvas. yuradRebas

amaxvilebs im faqtze,. rom winamdebare teqstSi gamoyvanili bavSvebi (ZiZia, elguja,

girgola, maTia, vaJia, koba) SemdgomSi misi nawarmoebebis gmirebad iqcnen.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts kiTxuloben moswavleebi, am dros aixsneba moswavleTaTvis

gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, maswavlebeli sagangebo yuradRebas

amaxvilebs frazaze `Zmad gaficva~; yuradReba gamaxvildeba im faqtzec,

rom mwerali xSirad iyenebs saliteraturo enisaTvis miuRebel formebs (qalav,

kobav, elgujav, maTiav, girgolav...), rac imiT aixsneba, rom am moTxrobis gmirebi

saqarTvelos erT-erTi mTiani soflis mkvidrni arian da amgvarad metyveleben

(terminebis _ saliteraturo ena da dialeqti _ xseneba am etapze mizanSewonili

ar aris). gaanalizdeba, sad aris mdinare Tergi, darialis xeoba, rogor aRwers

mwerali maT. nawil-nawil kiTxvis procesSi Sedgeba Sinaarsis gadmosacemi

gegma (davaleba #1), romelic, saorientaciod, aseT saxes miiRebs:

darialis xeoba

patara mecxvareebi

ZiZia da girgola

sandros gabeduleba

Zmad gaficva

dedis rCeva...

moswavleebs eZlevaT SesaZlebloba, gaakeTon arCevani gegmis erT-erT

sakiTxze da werilobiT gadmoscen misi Sinaarsi (davaleba #2), daasabuTon, ratom

SeaCeres arCevani maincdamainc am sakiTxze.

79


varjiSoben Sinaarsis TanmimdevrobiT gadmocemaze. am muSaobaSi SeiZleba

CavrToT mTeli klasi da TiToeuli nawilis Sinaarsi calk-calke gadmovaceminoT.

3) teqstis analizi _ gairkveva, saqarTvelos romeli kuTxea asaxuli am

teqstSi, vin da vin arian nawarmoebis gmirebi, romelia maT Soris mTavari gmiri,

misi xasiaTis ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi (patara sandros ukve aqvs weris niWi _

uyvars buneba da aRwers mis silamazes Tavis rveulSi, dRiurs wers; gulaxdilia

_ dedas arafers ar umalavs; Tavmdabalia _ Zmad gaefica ubralo soflel

bavSvebs; gabedulia _ esarCleba Tavisze susts, ar eSinia Tavisze Zlieris; ni-

Wieria...), ramdenad Seefereba mis xasiaTs zedmetsaxeli `moCxubariZe”; ratom

misca dedam rCeva _ ebrZola ara muStiT, aramed _ kalmiT; ramdenad swori iyo

dedis mier micemuli rCeva; ra miCniaT misaRebad da ratom, ras Secvlidnen am

nawarmoebSi... SeiZleba es teqsti klass gasagrZeleblad SevTavazoT (jgufebSi

muSaoba).

II. enobriv masalze dakvirveba

1. sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba _ gairkveva, romel pirSia dawerili teqsti (III),

gadmoscen teqstis Sinaarsi ise, TiTqos mas Tavad sandro mogviTxrobs; daakvirdnen,

romeli piris nacvalsaxels `iyenebs~ sandro TavisTavze saubrisas...

2. zmnis piris niSnebis gacnoba _ maswavlebli dafaze wers zmnas:

I piri v-wer

II piri wer

III piri wer-s

_ romelia am zmnaSi saerTo, ucvleli nawili? (wer)

_ I pirSi mas ra niSani daerTvis? sad daerTvis?

_ II pirSi Tu daerTvis niSani?

_ III pirSi ra niSani daerTvis? sad daerTvis es niSani?

moswavleebs vavalebT auRlon zmnebi: galobs, xatavs, wveba _ da gamoyon

piris niSnebi.

eZleva daskvna: I piris niSania vv-.

igi zmnas TavSi daerTvis, amitom Tavsar-

Tia, II pirs niSani ar aqvs, III piris niSnebia -s da -a. isini zmnas boloSi daerTvis,

amitom bolosarTia.

am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba davalebebi: #3 da #4.

3. frazeologiuri muSaoba _ davaleba #5. 5.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV3, IV6, IV7, IV8, IV12, IV13.

80


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

aRweriTi teqsti `saidan viciT Cveni qveynis istoria”

(svimon gamsaxurdias mixedviT); zmnis pirTan dakavSirebuli

marTlweris sakiTxebi (ori v-, vv-s

xmareba uu-sa

da oo-s

win I pirSi)

nj{ofcj

_ martivi saganmanaTleblo informaciis miwodeba saqarTvelos

istoriidan

_ am informaciis Sejameba, saTanado daskvnebis gakeTeba da dasabuTeba

_ martivi aRweriTi teqstis kiTxva

_ teqstis analizi, kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ zmnis pirTan dakavSirebuli orTografiuli sakiTxebis gacnoba,

orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle ixsenebs da ajamebs im informacias, rac man saqarTvelos

istoriis Sesaxeb icis

_ kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ yofs mas calkeul nawilebad, adgens gegmas

_ avsebs sqemas: ra vicodi, ra gavige, ris gageba msurs

_ wers

_ eufleba orTografiisa da orToepiis sakiTxebs

I. teqstze muSaoba

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: `qarTlis cxovreba~ _ Zveli

qarTuli saistorio Txzulebebis krebuli, feodaluri xanis saqarTvelos istoriis ZiriTadi

wyaro, masSi moipoveba sayuradRebo cnobebi ara mxolod saqarTvelos, aramed kavkasiis sxva

qveynebis (somxeTi, albaneTi, Crdilo kavkasiis), aseve TurqeTisa da iranis Sesaxebac.

gansakuTrebuli wvlili `qarTlis cxovrebis~ SeswavlaSi Seitana iv. javaxiSvilma. wyaroTmcodneobis

ZiriTadi sakiTxebis damuSavebasTan erTad man sayuradRebo mosazrebebi

gamoTqva krebulis Sedgenis drois, Sedgenilobis, TandaTanobiT Sevsebis Taobaze; daadgina

calkeul TxzulebaTa moculoba, saTaurebi, daweris dro da avtorTa vinaoba. mis mier Semo-

Tavazebuli pirobiTi sqemis mixedviT, `qarTlis cxovrebis~ Zvel nawilSi Semdegi nawarmoebebi

Sedis: leonti mrovelis `mefeTa cxovreba~ (uZvelesi xanidan V saukunemde), juanSeris `cxovre-

81


a da moqalaqeoba vaxtang gorgaslisa~ (V_VIII saukuneebi), XI saukunis anonimi avto ris `matiane

qarTlisa~ (VIII-XI sauk.), leonti mrovelis `wameba arCilisa~ (XI sauk.), XII saukunis anonimi av-

toris `cxovreba mefeT mefe daviTisa”, sumbat daviTis Zis `cxovreba da uwyeba bagrationTa~

(uZvelesi xanidan XI saukunemde), laSa giorgis matiane, Tamaris ori usaxelo istorikosis

Txzulebebi: `istoriani da azmani SaravandTani”, `cxovreba mefeT mefe Tamarisi”, XIV saukunis

anonimi istorikosis _ JamTaaRmwerlis _ Txzuleba... varaudoben, rom `qarTlis cxovrebis~

Sedgena dawyebula XII saukunis I naxevarSi, Semdeg igi TandaTan iv seboda XV saukunemde. `qarT-

lis cxovrebis~ uZveles xelnawerad iTvleba me-15 saukunis e. w. anaseuli xelnaweri.

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass yofs sam jgufad da aZlevs

davalebas _ Camoweron yvelaferi, rac saqarTvelos istoriis Sesaxeb axsovT

(mefeebi, brZolebi, gmirebi...). moswavleebi msjeloben, ra ician Cveni qveynis

warsulis Sesaxeb, saidan ician (waukiTxavT, gaugiaT, unaxavT kinofilmebSi...),

ramdenad arian darwmunebulni am cnobebis utyuarobaSi, ratom... daasabuTon

Tavisi azri....

amis Semdeg maswavlebeli ajamebs informacias da atarebs Sesaval saubars

saqarTvelos istoriis Seswavlis Sesaxeb, mis mniSvnelobaze, wyaroebze, saidanac

moipoveba es informacia (uZvelesi qronikebi, arqeologiuri gaTxrebi, xelovnebis

nimuSebi...), TvalsaCinoebis saxiT SeiZleba gamoiyenos saTanado bukletebic

(qarTuli xelovnebis nimuSebi, uZvelesi qarTuli cixe-simagreebis fotoebi),

wigni `qarTlis cxovreba”...

2. teqstis kiTxva da analzi _ teqsti ar aris maincdamainc didi moculobis,

magram gajerebulia informaciiT, amitom umjobesia gavyoT 2 nawilad da

cal-calke davamuSavoT. nawil-nawil kiTxvis procesSi aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi

da gamoTqmebi, gaanalizdeba is informacia, romelic TiToeul abzacSia

mocemuli. amgvarad, teqstis damuSavebis gza induqciuria _ nawilidan mTelisaken.

teqsts moswavleebi Tavidan bolomde kiTxuloben mxolod mas Semdeg, rac

detalurad gaanalizdeba TiToeuli monakveTi (aq SeiZleba gamoviyenoT Cumi

kiTxva).

nawil-nawil kiTxvis procesSi gairkveva, Tu ra wyaroebia dasaxelebuli

teqstSi saqarTvelos istoriis Sesaswavlad (istorikosebis_ mematianeebis_

Txzulebani, arqeologiuri gaTxrebi, kulturis Zeglebi...), romeli mematianeebi

arian teqstSi naxsenebi (leonti mroveli, juanSeri), aixsneba `qarTlis cxovrebis~

raoba, termin `qarTlis~ mniSvneloba XI saukunemde... gairkveva, romeli

kavkasieli tomebi arian naxsenebi teqstSi, am tomebidan romlebi arian dRes

SemorCenilni, vin iyo Targamosi (kavkasieli tomebis winapari), raze metyvelebs

es faqti (leonti mrovelis mixedviT, kavkasieli tomebi erTmaneTs enaTesavebian),

ra damsaxureba aqvs mefe farnavazs qarTveli xalxis winaSe (Seqmna qarTuli

mwignobroba, zrunavda qarTuli enis damkvidrebaze), ratom uwodebdnen vaxtang

mefes `gorgasals”... Sedgeba gegma, romelic savaraudod aseT saxes miiRebs:

`qarTlis cxovreba~ saqarTvelos istoriis Sesaxeb

arqeologiuri gaTxrebis mniSvneloba

82


mwerali da istoria

Zveli mematianeebis ena

leonti mroveli kavkasielebis Sesaxeb

leonti mroveli mefe farnavazis Sesaxeb

juanSeri vaxtang gorgaslis Sesaxeb

maswavlebeli yuradRebas amaxvilebs frazaze: `istorikosebis damuSavebul

masalas iyeneben mwerlebi~; gaaxsenebs moswavleebs im nawarmoebebs, romlebSic

istoriuli faqtebia asaxuli (`mefe mwignobari~, `ruqnadinis damarcxeba~,

`cxra Zma xerxeuliZe~, `samasi Tavdadebuli aragveli~...), ixseneben,

ra istoriuli faqtebia aq asaxuli...

sruldeba davalebebi #1 da #2, wyvilebSi sruldeba davaleba #3.

III. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

zmnis pirTan dakavSirebuli marTlweris sakiTxebi _ ori v-, u-s win v-,

o-s win v_ I pirSi:

dafaze iwereba winadadeba `mematiane varaudobs, rom vaxtang gorgaslis

saxeli swored aqedan modis~. yuradReba maxvildeba zmnaze `varaudobs”,

gaanalizdeba, romeli piris formaa (III), ra aris III piris niSani (-s), ra bgeriT

iwyeba zmna (v_ bgeriT), gadaiyvanon es zmna I pirSi da daweron, miaqcion yuradReba,

ramdeni v_ iyris Tavs I pirSi, ratom... avarjiSebs maTs warmoTqmaze, avalebs

Seadginon da daweron winadadebebi, romlebSic es zmna I pirSi iqneba. aseve

gaanalizdeba zmnebi: varcxnis, vaWrobs, vardeba, ocnebobs, uambobs... maswavlebeli

klass avalebs, gadaiyvanon es zmnebi I pirSi, maTi gamoyenebiT Seadginon

winadadebebi, daweron dafaze, daakvirdnen, rogor warmoiTqmis da rogor

iwereba es zmnebi. am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba davlebebi #4 da #5.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV4, IV5, IV8, IV12, IV14.

83


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

revaz inaniSvilis `loWinSi”;

zmnis ricxvi, pativiscemis mravlobiTi

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ martivi saganmanaTleblo informaciis Sejameba daviT aRmaSeneblis Sesaxeb:

`ra vicodi, ra gavige, ris gageba mainteresebs”

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ zmnis mravlobiTi ricxvis gacnoba, sametyvelo etiketis daufleba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ orTografiuli da punqtuaciuri Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ yofs mas calkeul nawilebad

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss

_ wers

_ eufleba axal leqsikur erTeulebs

_ ecnoba rTulfuZiani zedsarTavi saxelebis marTlweras (praqtikulad)

_ ecnoba zmnis ricxvs

_ metyvelebaSi gaazrebulad iyenebs `pativiscemis mravlobiTs”

_ akvirdeba mravalwertilis funqcias

I. teqstze muSaoba

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

a) daviT aRmaSenebeli, mefe giorgi II-is Ze, mefobda 1089-1125 wlebSi. gamefda 16 wlis.

gadmocemis mixedviT, xalxma Tavad moiTxova Wabukis gamefeba, radgan igi Tavidanve amJRavnebda

did Wkua-gonebas, simxneves, mterTan Seurigeblobas. amitomac misma mamam Tavisi nebiT Tqva taxtze

uari, Svili gaamefa, Tavad ki berad aRikveca. Wabuk mefes wilad ergo mtrisagan daqceuli

da ganadgurebuli qveyana. soflebi da qalaqebi daclili iyo mosaxleobisagan, romelic mtris

SiSiT tyeebsa da mTebs afarebda Tavs. pirvel rigSi ymawvilma mefem yma-molaSqreebisa da aznaurebisagan

Seqmna jari, romliTac sdevnida Turq-seljukebs qveynis teritoriidan, xels uwyobda

mosaxleobis dabrunebas sacxovrebel adgilebSi. 1099 wlidan man Turq-seljukebs Seuwyvita

xarkis micema da sabolood gandevna Cveni qveynidan. mefe Seudga qarTuli miwa-wylis gaerTianebas

da amitomac daupirispirda qveynis decentralizaciis mosurne feodalebs. gaauqma kldekaris

saerisTavo, daipyro zedazeni, SemoierTa hereTi da kaxeTi.

84


daviTi daundobeli iyo moRalate samRvdeloebis mimarTac, romelic xSirad uxeSad ereoda

mefis funqciebSi. swored am mizniT moiwvia mefem 1103 wels ruis-urbnisis saeklesio kreba,

romelmac alagma Tavgasuli saeklesio feodalebi. manve SemoiRo mwignobarTuxuces-Wyondidelis

Tanamdeboba, romelic erTdroulad iyo sasuliero da saero saqmeebis mmarTveli.

daviTma gza gauxsna ganaTlebas. mosaxleobis yvela fenisaTvis daaarsa skolebi, gansakuTrebiT

niWierebs ki sazRvargareT gzavnida ganaTlebis misaRebad. Tavisi xarjiT gamarTa

samkurnaloebi, sadac mkurnaloba yvelasaTvis ufaso iyo. xels uwyobda vaWrobis ganviTarebas,

didi RonisZiebebi gaatara samoneto (fulad-sakredito) sistemis gasaumjobeseblad, ganamtkica

fulis kursi, gaatara sasamarTlo reforma.

gansakuTrebuli aRniSvnis Rirsia aRmaSeneblis mier gatarebuli samxedro reforma,

gardaqmna brZolis taqtika, CrdiloeT kavkasiidan Camoasaxla 40 000-mde yivCayi. maTgan mefem

Seqmna mudmivi jari. swored am samxedro reformis damsaxurebaa didgoris gamarjveba 1121

wels, rodesac damarcxda muslimanTa koaliciuri laSqari. am gamarjvebis Semdeg SemoierTa

man Tbilisi, sadac manamde Turqebi iyvnen gamagrebuli. gaaZliera saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso

avtoriteti, gavlena mezobel qveynebze. 1124 wels SirvanelebTan erTad Sirvanidan gandevna

Turqebi, ufro adre ki _ 1123 wels _ anisidanac.

daviT aRmaSeneblis saxels ukavSirdeba gelaTis taZris mSenebloba, gelaTis akademiis

daarseba. didia misi wvlili qarTuli sasuliero mwerlobis ganviTarebis saqmeSic (`galobani

sinanulisani~).

daviT aRmaSenebeli kavkasiis madlierma xalxebma mefeTa mefed aRiares, eklesiam ki igi

wmindanad Seracxa.

b) loWinis xeoba, mdinare loWini _sacxenisi, mdinare gardabnis raionSi, mtkvris marcxena

Senakadi, sigrZe 30 km., sazrdoobs wvimis, Tovlisa da miwisqveSa wylebiT, iyeneben sarwya-

vad.

1) kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ klass vavalebT, gaixsenon ra informacias floben

daviT aRmaSeneblis Sesaxeb. moswavleTa pasuxebi Camoiwereba dafaze da

gaanalizdeba. es muSaoba SeiZleba Catardes jgufuradac.

2) teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ moswavleebi kiTxuloben nawil-nawil,

aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. Semdeg etapze teqstis TiToeuli

nawilisaTvis SeirCeva saTauri da Sedgeba Sinaarsis gadmosacemi gegma, romelic,

savaraudod, aseT saxes miiRebs:

mefe _ mwignobari

Turqebi loWinis xeobaSi

mefe daviTis brZaneba

mefe-meomari

Turqebis damarcxeba

Tbilisis dabruneba...

moswavleebi saubroben TiToeuli sakiTxis irgvliv, iSvelieben teqsts.

gairkveva, romeli saukunea aRwerili teqstSi (me-12), ra mdgomareobaSi iyo

im dros saqarTvelo (qveyanaSi Turqebi batonobdnen, Tbilisi maT xelSi iyo,

Zalian agdebulad eqceodnen adgilobriv mosaxleobas, stacebdnen saqonels...),

mefe daviTis ra Tvisebebi Cans am nawarmoebSi (uyvars wignebi, moswons bunebaSi

yofna, magram dros arc maSin kargavs _ kiTxulobs; winaswar awyobs sabrZolo

gegmas, gauazreblad da moumzadebalad ar moqmedebs, es mizani hqonda loWinSi

85


wasvlasac; Seudrekeli da uSiSari meomaria, kargi mxedarTmTavaria...), ram gaaoca

mxedrebi (mefis gaufrTxileblobam, Tavganwirvam mterTan brZolaSi...). wyvilebSi

sruldeba davaleba #2, individualurad _ davaleba #1.

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi gabmuli TxrobiT gadmoscemen

teqstis Sinaarss, yuradReba maxvildeba logikuri TanmimdevrobiT faqtebis

gadmocemaze, III pirSi Txrobaze.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. mravalwertilis funqciaze dakvirveba _ sad iyenebs mwerali mravalwertils,

ratom ar amTavrebs azrs (amas mkiTxvels miandobs), ra sityvebi SeiZleba

CavweroT mravalwertilis nacvlad (`Tbilisi ki isev Turqebis xelSi iyo~).

2. rTuli sityvebis marTlwera _ moswavleebi ori sityvis SeerTebiT Rebuloben

zedsarTav saxelebs da maTi gamoyenebiT adgenen winadadebebs, ganmartaven,

ratom iwereba es zedsarTavi saxelebi erTad _ davaleba #4.

3. zmnis ricxvi, pativiscemis mravlobiTi _ moswavleebi akvirdebian

saxelmZRvanelos me-60 gv-ze mocemul masalas da gamoaqvT daskvna, rom zmnas

arsebiTi saxelis msgavsad aqvs mxolobiTi da mravlobiTi ricxvi. eZeben

teqstSi zmnebs da ajgufeben maT ricxvis mixedviT (davaleba #5). aseve ecnobian

e.w. `pativiscemis mravlobiTs~ da ganmartaven, ra SemTxvevaSi iyeneben mas (roca

ufross, pativsacem pirovnebas esaubrebian). asaxleben saTanado magaliTebsac.

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV3, IV7, IV8, IV10, IV14.

86


Semdgomi masalis: ana kalandaZis `fexi damadgiT...~ da zmnis piris niSnebi

_ gacnobas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT. vawvdiT mxolod damatebiT informacias

daviT aRmaSeneblis nawarmoebis _ `galobani sinanulisani~ _ Sesaxeb:

daviT aRmaSeneblis `galobani sinanulisani~ warmoadgens mefe daviT aRmaSeneblis poe-

tur qmnilebas. daiwera misi sicocxlis bolo wlebSi, Sedgeba 9 sagaloblisagan. aq mefe-poeti

gvevlineba sakuTari Tavis umkacres msajulad. masSi gaismis sakuTari Tavis damdablebis mo-

tivebi. mefe-poeti Tavis Tavs Cveulebriv codvilad miiCnevs. igi codvilobas xsnis farTo sa-

fuZvelze, rogorc adamianis dacilebas RvTaebisagan; Tavis SecodebaTa daxasiaTebisas mimar-

Tavs biblias, sulis winaSe acocxlebs Zveli da axali aRTqmis magaliTebs, CamoTvlis im codvebs,

romlebic kacTa modgmas Caudenia da avlebs paralels sakuTar codvebTan. igi Tavis Tavs cod-

vilTa Soris ucodvilesad saxavs: `me var viTarca ufskruli, Sesakrebeli bilwebiTa RvarTai”,

_ godebs igi. am poeturi qmnilebidan kargad Cans, rom mis cxovrebaSi saZiebelia ara romelime

konkretuli codva, aramed Cadenili Secdomebis SegrZnebis araCveulebrivi unari da maRali

eTikuri mrwamsi. es aris himni adamianze, romelic sakuTari Secdomebisa da codvebis Secnobis

gziT Sinagan ganwmendasa da srulqmnas aRwevs.

misi xasiaTis am Tvisebas ukavSirdeba misi anderZic _ daesaflavebinaT gelaTis monastris

SesasvlelSi. swored mefis anderZi da misi Tavmdabloba aqvs mxedvelobaSi ana kalandaZes, roca

mefis `miuteveb codvasa~ da `maRalTa Tavmdablobaze~ saubrobs.

87


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

iakob gogebaSvilis `krwanisis brZola”;

arsebiTi saxelis ricxvi mravlis aRmniSvnel sityvasTan

nj{ofcj

_ istoriuli statiis kiTxva da analizi

_ saganmanaTleblo informaciis miwodeba krwanisis brZolis Sesaxeb

_ am informaciis Sejameba, saTanado daskvnebis gakeTeba, sakuTari azris

dasabuTeba

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba, diskusiis xelovnebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ weriTi metyvelebis ganviTareba _ martivi aRweriTi teqstis Seqmna

_ martivi stiluri Cvevebis formireba (arsebiTi saxelisa da zmnis

ricxvSi SeTanxmeba)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ klasSi ganixilavs sadavo sakiTxebs, eufleba diskusiis xelovnebas

_ wers

_ ecnoba arsebiTi saxelisa da zmnis ricxvSi SeTanxmebis konkretul SemTxvevas

_ eufleba stilur Cvevebs

I. teqstze muSaoba

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: krwanisis brZola gaimarTa 1795

wlis seqtemberSi krwanisis velze qarTl-kaxeTisa da sparseTis laSqars Soris. aRa-mahmad-xanma

saqarTveloze Tavisi batonobis aRdgenis mizniT mefe erekles _ qarTl-kaxeTis gaerTianebuli

samefos mefes _ mosTxova, gaewyvita ruseTTan kavSiri. georgievskis traqtatis (1783 weli) erTguli

qarTveli mefe amaod sTxovda ruseTs daxmarebas. ruseTma martodmarto datova erekle II

sparselebis mravalricxovani jaris pirispir. aRa-mahmad-xani 8 seqtembers 35-aTasiani laSqriT

moadga Tbilisis sazRvrebs. ruseTis daxmarebis momlodine mefe erekle mtris jars ramdenadme

moumzadebeli Sexvda. qarTvelTa laSqari 5 aTasamde meomars iTvlida, aqedan 2 aTasi imereTis

samefodan iyo solomon II-is meTaurobiT. qarTvelTa jars sardlobdnen: Tavad erekle II, daviT,

ioane da vaxtang batoniSvilebi, oTar amilaxvari. brZola 9 seqtembers daiwyo. qarTvelebi TavganwirviT

ibrZodnen, erTgvar warmatebasac miaRwies da garkveuli periodiT ukanac daa xevines

88


sparselTa laSqars. magram moRalatem mters qarTvelTa simcire Seatyobina da manac 11 seqtem-

bers xelaxla moitana qalaqze ieriSi. jarTan erTad ibrZodnen Tbiliselebic, romelTac sasax-

lis msaxiobTa dasis meTauri maCabeli edga saTaveSi. uTanosworo brZola mtris gamarjvebiT

dasrulda. 11 seqtembris dRis II naxevarSi mteri qalaqSi SemoiWra. mosaxleobam quCebSi gaumar-

Ta momxdurs brZola. sparselebma qalaqi jer gaZarcves, Semdeg cecxls misces. mravali aTasi

qarTveli tyved waiyvanes. mosaxleobis didi nawili SimSilisa da gadamdebi sneulebisagan daiR-

upa. erekle II-m Tavis mxleblebTan erTad qalaqidan gasvla moaswro da mTiuleTs Seafara Tavi.

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass Seaxsenebs, ra axsovT saqarTvelos

istoriidan, romel gmir mefeebs gaixseneben (faranvazi, vaxtang gorgasali,

daviT aRmaSenebeli, Tamar mefe, erekle II...), ra ician am mefeTa moRvaweobis

Sesaxeb... sagangebo yuradRebas amaxvilebs erekle II-ze, im rTul periodze, roca

mas uxdeboda moRvaweoba... moswavleTaTvis gasagebi eniT saubrobs krwanisis

brZolaze, romlic qarTvelTa damarcxebiT dasrulda.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ moswavleebi nawil-nawil kiTxuloben

teqsts. am dros aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, TiToeuli azrobrivad

dasrulebuli monakveTisaTvis SeirCeva saTauri (gegmis Sedgena). teqstis

damuSavebis gza amjerad induqciuria _ nawilidan mTelisaken. jer damuSavdeba

azrobrivad dasrulebuli TiToeuli monakveTi, Semdeg ki _ mTlianad teqsti.

daismeba teqstis saanalizo kiTxvebi, gairkveva, romeli istoriuli faqtia

teqstSi aRwerili, romeli istoriuli pirebi arian masSi naxsenebi, ras gulisxmobda

ruseTTan dadebuli xelSekruleba, ramdenad Seasrules maT es piroba,

ratom aRmoCnda mefe erekle martodmarto mtris pirispir, qarTvelTa ra Tvisebebi

Cans teqstSi, ratom gaxda iZulebuli mefe erekle gaqceuliyo qalaqidan...

sagangebo yuradReba maxvildeba am brZolaSi qarTvelTa damarcxebis gamomwvevi

mizezebis analizze, am dros moswavleebs eZlevaT SesaZlebloba, Tavad gansaz-

Rvron es mizezebi da daasabuTon Tavisi azri. es samuSao umjobesia, Sesruldes

jgufurad. moqmedebs principi: yvelas azri misaRebia. maswavlebeli ar ereva

diskusiaSi, cdilobs swori mimarTuleba misces mas, raTa moswavleebi mieCvivnen

ara mxolod sakuTari azris gamoTqmas, aramed sxvis mosmenasac, sxvisi azris pativiscemas...

avalebs, Camoweron is kiTxvebi, romlebic am teqstis wakiTxvis Semdeg

gauCndaT da ecadon Tavad gascen pasuxi maT.

winaswar Sedgenili gegmis mixedviT gadmoicema teqstis Sinaarsi, sruldeba

davaleba #3.

teqsti aRweriTi xasiaTisaa. gairkveva, Cans Tu ara masSi avtoris pozicia

(Cans _ sparselebs igi mtrebs uwodebs), saidan SeiZleba aeRo mwerals masala

am teqstisaTvis (matianedan, arqeologiuri gaTxrebidan Tu TviTmxilvelTa

monaTxrobidan...), daasabuTon Tavisi azri.

sruldeba #1 da #2 davalebebi.

89


II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

arsebiTi saxelis ricxvi mravlis aRmniSvnel sityvasTan _ davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV3, IV7, IV8, IV12, IV14.

momdevno ori masalis _ elguja merabiSvilis `krwanisis yayaCo~ da

galaktion tabiZis `mSobliuro Cemo miwav!~ _ dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels

vandobT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

galaktion tabiZe _ 1891-1959 w., daibada vanis r-n sof. WyviSSi, 8 wlisa Seiyvanes quTaisis

sas. saswavlebelSi, 1908 w. swavla ganagrZo Tbilisis sasuliero seminariaSi, 1911 wlidan cxov-

robs quTaisSi, 1919 w daibeWda misi pirveli wigni, 1919 w _ meore krebuli `artistuli yvavile-

bi~. 1918 wlidan mkvidrdeba TbilisSi, 1927 w gamovida misi erTtomeuli, 1932 w mieniWa saxalxo

poetis wodeba, 1944 w airCies saq. mecn. akad. namdvil wevrad. Zalian Znelia sityvebiT Seafaso

misi Semoqmedeba. n. dumbaZe werda: `xuTi bednieri saxeli vici me saqarTveloSi _ SoTa, ilia,

akaki, vaJa da galaktioni. galaktionTan Zalian axlos misvla ar SeiZleba. imitom ki ara, rom ver

gaigeb mas... ara srulebiTac ara! imitom, rom moqmed vulkania, Tvlems rogorc lava da RmerTma

uwyis, rodis gaiRviZebs...~

90


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

giorgi natroSvili _ `ostatis saidumlo~,

zmnis dro (ganmeoreba) (2 sT)

nj{ofcj

_ literaturuli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ wakiTxulis gaazreba, Sefaseba, daskvnebis gakeTeba da sakuTari azris

dasabuTeba

_ moqmed pirebTan gasaubreba

_ dialogze dakvirveba

_ sxvadasxva droSi Txroba

_ saganTaSorisi kavSiris damyareba (kavSiri maTematikasTan)

_ sinonimebze dakvirveba

brujwpcfcj

5 sanimuSo gakveTilis scenari

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ yofs moTxrobas nawilebad da asaTaurebs

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ gaesaubreba moqmed pirebs (kiTxva _ pasuxi)

_ akvirdeba teqstSi mocemul dialogs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss sxvadasxva droSi

_ axdens codnis transfers (maTematikidan enaSi da piruku)

_ akvirdeba msgavsi (sinonimebi) Sinaarsis formebs, marTebulad

iyenebs maT metyvelebaSi.

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (6 wuTi):

dafaze iwereba xalxuri gamonaTqvami: `Tu Sen dakarge fuli _ araferi

dagikargavs, Tu dakarge janmrTeloba _ dagibrundeba, Tu dakarge madli

yvelaferi dagikargavs~ (es gamonaTqvami SeiZleba plakatiTac mivawodoT).

klasi iyofa sam jgufad. TiToeuli jgufi gvTavazobs Tavis mosazrebas

gamonaTqvamis irgvliv. aucilebelia am mosazrebis dasabuTeba. moqmedebs

principi: yvelas azri sayuradReboa. maswavlebeli ar ereva moswavleTa pasuxebSi,

aZlevs mxolod gezs, raTa sworad warimarTos diskusia da ar miiRos

dapirispirebis xasiaTi. moswavleebi ixseneben magaliTebs cxovrebidan. gansakuTrebiT

gamaxvildeba yuradReba `madlis dakargvaze~. am etapze mTavaria ara

mxolod WeSmaritebis Zieba, aramed _ diskusiis xelovnebis TandaTan dauflebac:

mosmena, sxvisi azris pativiscema, sakuTari mosazrebebis Camoyalibeba da

dasabuTeba.

91


damatebiTi informacia maswavlebelTaTvis: giorgi natroSvili _ mwerali, kritikosi,

Jurnalisti. daibada (10-XI. 1910 w) sof. zemo maCxaanSi, axl. dedofliswyaros raionSi. daamTavra

Tsu filologiis fakulteti. sxvadasxva dros iyo `literaturuli gazeTis~, Jurnalebis:

`droebis~, `mnaTobis~ _ mTavari redaqtori.

misi pirveli wigni iyo `daviT kldiaSvilis Semoqmedeba~. masve ekuTvnis moTxrobebis krebulebi

`dasavleTis frontze~, `winaprebi da Tanamedroveni~, `ori saukunis mijnaze~ da sxv. mas

TvalsaCino wvlili miuZRvis qarTuli literaturis kritikasa da literaturaTmcodneobaSi.

giorgi natroSvilis Txzulebebi Targmnilia rusul, somxur, afxazur enebze.

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (Sinaarsis realizeba) (16 wuTi):

maswavlebeli kiTxulobs teqstis oTx abzacs. (`...ereklem yvelaze ukeTesi

ostati dausaxela _ ise gaasworebs, verc gaigebo~). kiTxvas ganagrZobs kiTxvaSi

gawafuli ramdenime (2-3) moswavle. ganeorebiTi nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros moswavleTa

ZalebiT daiZebneba da maTive monawileobiT aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da

gamoTqmebi: `daqveiTda~, `mouxmo~, `naxelavi~ (ix. sityvis `salaro`. `saxelmZ-

Rv. gv. 14). aixsneba agreTve sityvebi: qarqaSi _ xmlis, xanjlis, danis da misT.

bude; xmali _ foladis civi iaraRi, grZeli da wverisken moxrili. tiali _

upat rono, oxeri; ostati _ Tavis saqmis kargad mcodne xelosani. Zvelad maswavlebeli

_ aRmzrdeli; mamapapeuli _ mama-papis kuTvnili, mama-papis naqoni.

daakvirdebian sityvas `Sin~ winadadebebSi `mxedari omidan Sin brundeboda~,

`...marjvena dauloca da Sin gamoistumra~. (Sin niSnavs sakuTar ojaxSi yofnas,

saxlSi ki niSnavs SenobaSi yofnas).

warimarTeba sityvaTa gaTvalsaCinoebaze muSaoba, axlad axsnil ucnob sityvebsa

Tu gamoTqmebs sxvadasxva winadadebebSi gamoiyeneben.

tardeba gamokrebiTi kiTxva. maswavleblis mier dasmuli pirveli donis

kiTxvebis pasuxebs moswavleebi teqstidan amoikiTxaven:

_ rogor moeqca mefe erekle axalgazrda mxedars? (`vaJkacoba uqo Wabuks,

marjvena dauloca da Sin gamoistumra~).

_ ra gaukvirda mefes? (`Wabuks brZolis damTavrebis Semdegac xmali SiSvlad

eWira, qarqaSSi ar Caego~).

_ ra saubari gaimarTa Wabuksa da ostats Soris? (`Zvirfasi xmalia, mamapapeuli....

agre iyos! _ daeTanxma Wabuki~).

_ rogor gaaswora mWedelma xmali? (`Seatrial-Semoatriala xelSi .....fexisguli

daartya~).

_ ratom uTxra Wabuks `Sen SenTvis da me CemTvis~? (`es advili ram yofila...

rogorc gakeTebamde iyo~).

_ ratom daeca Wabuki miwaze gulSeRonebuli? (`gamoarTva biWma xmali...

iTqriala sisxlma Wrilobidan~).

_ rogor izruna ostatma avadmyof Wabukze? (`xmaurze mWedelma gamoixeda

...erTi kvira ar wamoayena loginidan, moarCina~).

_ ratom apatia wyena ostatma Wabuks?

_ ra Sefaseba misca Wabukma ostats? (`ostati kacisa marto xeli da Tvali

ki ara, fexic ostati yofilao _ amis Semdeg mecodineba, ra madli gqonia~).

aqtivoba 3 _ gegmis Sedgena (7 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqsts yofen calkeul nawilebad da asaTaureben (aqtivobebis

rveuli, davaleba #:1).

axalgazrda mxedris sixaruli

92


erekle mefis gakvirveba

meomrisa da mWedlis SeTanxmeba

pirobis SeSla

moulodneli xifaTi

ostatis madli

ostatobis saidumlo

aqtivoba 4 _ orToepiasa da orTografiaze muSaoba (3 wuTi):

daimaxsovre, rogor warmoiTqmis da iwereba: vaJkacoba, brZolis, qarqaS-

Si, gaasworebs, daqveiTda, gaaswore, mogcem, Seatrial-Semoatriala, daagdo,

daartya, fexisguli, gulSeRonebuli, dedaberi, gareT, jariskaci, gqonia,

advilad.

aqtivoba 5 _ dialogze dakvirveba (2 wuTi):

ramdeni adamianis saubaria teqstSi gadmocemuli (samis: _ mefis, Wabukis,

ostatis...).

aqtivoba 6 _ teqstSi kiTxviTi da Zaxilis winadadebebis amokiTxva (3

wuTi):

_ xmals ratom qarqaSSi ar ageb? (kiTxviTsityviani), _ erTxel dahkari

fexi da amaSi Tumani ginda aiRo? (arakiTxviTsityviani). _ agre iyos! (Tanxmobis

gamomxatveli), aha, Svilo, Sen SenTvis da me CemTvis! (gabrazebis, wyenis gamomxatveli).

_ amis Semdeg mecodineba, ra madli gqonia! (madlierebis gamomxatveli)

_ magram, aba, scade! (gakvirvebis gamomxatveli).

aqtivoba 7 _ Sejameba (3 wuTi):

moswavleebi ajameben, ra gaiges axali am gakveTilze (gaiges ostatis fasi,

misi saidumlo _ ostati kacis marto xeli da Tvali ki ara, fexic ostati yofila,

mixvdnen ra madli hqonia ostats...)

aqtivoba 8 _ Sefaseba (2 wuTi):

gakveTilis bolos maswavlebeli klasTan erTad afasebs ramdenime moswavles.

Sefasebisas iTvaliswinebs Semdeg parametrebs (iyenebs ganmaviTarebeli Sefasebis

formebs):

_ praqtikuli muSaoba (organizebuloba, SemoqmedebiToba, masalis floba);

msjeloba klasSi (aqtiuroba, partniorTan da jgufTan muSaoba, kiTxvebze

adekvaturi pasuxebis gacema); prezentacia (sakuTari azris dasabuTeba),

koreq tuloba.

aqtivoba 9 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`ostatis saidumlo~. weriTi davaleba #2. gegmis mixedviT teqstis Sinaarsis

gadmocema. (`aqtivobebis rveuli~).

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV5, IV8, IV12, IV13.

93


II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstis kiTxva (5 wuTi)

moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben rolebad (avtori, mefe, Wabuki, ostati;

radgan avtoris sityvebi vrcelia, amitom avtoris rolSi SeiZleba ori moswavle

gamoviyvanoT). gamoiyeneba kiTxvis yvela saxe. gansakuTrebiT maxvildeba yuradReba

gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze (teqsti dialogis formisaa; amasTan kiTxviTi

da Zaxilis winadadebebis Semcveli).

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis analizi da Txroba (siRrmiseuli wvdoma) (7 wuTi):

moswavleebi, teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen jer maswavleblis damxare kiTxvebis

saSualebiT:

_ riT iyo Wabuki mxedari gaxarebuli? (omidan gamarjvebuli da erekle mefis

mier dalocvili da Seqebuli brundeboda Sin).

_ ratom eZvira mas mWedlis Sromis gasamrjelo? (mWedlis Sroma advili da

ubralo egona...)

_ rogor darwmunda igi mWedlis ostatobaSi? (roca man fexis erTi dartymiT

xmlis gasworeba moindoma, iTqriala sisxlma Wrilobidan, erTi amoikvnesa

Wabukma da gulSeRonebuli daeca miwaze).

_ rogor moeqca mWedeli avadmyof Wabuks?

_ rogor moinania Wabukma Tavisi saqcieli?

...Semdeg ki moswavleebi adre Sedgenili gegmis mixedviT teqstis Sinaars

gadmoscemen gabmuli TxrobiT.

aqtivoba 3 _ teqstis gaazreba (6 wuTi):

_ axalgazrda jariskacis ra Tvisebebi Cans am teqstSi? (kargi mebrZolia,

magram Zunwi, umaduri, pirobis gamtexi. Tumca bolos ki mixvda simarTles. `ostati

kacisa marto xeli da Tvali ki ara fexic ostati yofilao...~.

_ mWedlis ra Tvisebebze amaxvilebs mwerali yuradRebas? (ostatobaze, samarTlianobaze,

sikeTesa da patiebis unarze)

_ teqstis mixedviT, raSia ostatis saidumlo?

_ Tqveni azriT, ris Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis?

axalgazrda jariskacisa da mWedlis TiToeul Tvisebas adastureben teqstidan.

aqtivoba 4 _ gasaubreba teqstis erT-erT gmirTan (5 wuTi): (davaleba # 3.

`aqtivobebis rveuli~) wyvilebSi muSaoba.

nimuSi: gaesaubrebian, vTqvaT, axalgazrda mxedars.

kiTxva: ratom xarT ase gaxarebuli?

pasuxi: omidan gamarjvebuli Sin vbrundebi, amasTan mefe ereklem vaJkacoba

Semiqo da marjvena damiloca.

kiTxva: ratom SeSale piroba mWedelTan?

94


pasuxi: ostatma Zalian advilad, fexisgulis dartymiT gaaswora gamrudebuli

xmali. amitom, Cemi azriT, Tumnis nacvlad igi abazs unda dasjereboda.

kiTxva: ra Sefaseba mieci bolos ostatis Sromas?

pasuxi: ostati kacisa marto xeli da Tvali ki ara, fexic ostati yofila,

mivxvdi, ostats ra madli hqonia.

aqtivoba 5 _ saganTaSorisi kavSiri maTematikasTan (2 wuTi):

_ fulis romeli Zveli erTeulebia naxsenebi teqstSi? (Tumani, abazi). _

fulis kidev romel Zvel erTeulebs gaixsenebT? (kapiki, Sauri) _ romelia maT

Soris yvelaze mcire erTeuli? (kapiki) _ yvelaze didi? (Tumani).

_ TumanSi aTi maneTia, maneTSi xuTi abazia. ramdenjer metia Tumani abazze?

gamoiangariSeT.

aqtivoba 6 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (11 wuTi):

1. _ rodis moxda teqstSi aRwerili ambavi? (warsulSi) _ Txrobisas zmnis

romeli drois formebs iyenebs mwerali? (ZiriTadad iyenebs warsul dros.

gxvdeba zmnebi axlandel (ageb, gTxov, icleba, mipatiebia, gqonia, scade...) da momaval

(gaasworeb, gaigebo, mogcem, mecodineba, Sexedav, ityvi, gavakeTebo...) _

droebSic).

moswavleebi teqstSi mocemul ambavs gadmoscemen ise, TiTqos igi axla, saubris

momentSi, xdeba. arkveven, zmnis romel drois formebs iyeneben Txrobisas.

(ZiriTadad iyeneben axlandel drois formebs).

2. _ asruleben `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ mocemul me-4 davalebas. mocemuli

teqsti imgvarad gadaakeTe, rom yvela zmna warsul droSi iyos (sruldeba

zepirad): (dadioda, Sedgeboda, daiyivlebda, gabedavda, autexda, SeebrZoleboda,

gaimarTeboda, SeZvreboda, bneldeboda).

3. _ frazeologiuri muSaoba:

amoRebuli xmali _ mudam SemarTulia, mzad aris sabrZolvelad.

Seni xmali da Cemi kiseri! _ (Zv.) rac gsurdes is miyavi.

xmlis triali _ xmlebiT brZola.

moswavleebi asaxeleben winadadebas am frazeologizmebis gamoyenebiT.

4. _ sinonimebze muSaoba

gamrudebuli _ gaRunuli

Zvirfasi _ saukeTeso, mdidruli

SiSveli _ titveli

tirili _ qviTini

Wriloba _ iara

maswavlebeli klass daakvirvebs teqstSi mocemul winadadebebze `xmali

SiSvlad eWira xelSi~, `zed SiSveli fexisguli daartya~. avalebs sityva `SiSveli~

Secvalon sinonimiT `titveli~. winadadebebi aseT saxes miiRebs: `xmali

titvlad eWira xelSi~, `zed titveli fexisguli daartya~. moswavleebi darwmundebian,

rom winadadebaSi zogjer sityvis sinonimiT Secvla SeuZlebelia.

95


5. _ zmnaSi v-s win u-s xmareba (marTlweris sakiTxebi) (3 wuTi);

_ gadaiyvaneT pirvel pirSi:

man uqo man dauloca man uTxra

me--___(vuqe) me--______ me--______

man dausaxela man uCvena man uTxra

me--______ me--______ me---______

man mouxmo man Seuxvia

me--______ me--______

aqtivoba 7 _ gakveTilis Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi).

aqtivoba 8 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi).

ostatis saidumlo _ TxrobiT. weriTi samuSao: davaleba # 5. Seadgine

moTxroba, romelSic yvela zmna momval droSi iqneba. (`aqtivobebis rveuli~).

Sedegebis kodi: IV3, IV4, IV6, IV7, IV10, IV11, IV14.

96


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

elguja merabiSvili _ `pirveli nabiji~, zmniswini _ misi ZiriTadi

funqcia (moqmedebis mimarTuleba) (3 sT).

nj{ofcj

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ moTxrobis gagrZelebaze muSaoba

_ literaturuli personaJebis martivi daxasiaTeba

_ andazis mixedviT moTxrobis Sedgena

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ orToepiisa da orTografiuli Cvevebis gamomuSaveba

_ zmniswinis raobisa da misi ZiriTadi funqciis gacnoba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle yofs teqsts azrobrivad dasrulebul monakveTebad, adgens

gegmas, eZebs miTiTebul adgilebs teqstSi

_ avlens Tavis fantazias moTxrobis gagrZelebisas, calkeul

moqmed pirTa Sefasebisas

_ axasiaTebs moqmed pirebs, avlens Tavis damokidebulebas

sxvadasxva adamianuri Tvisebebis mimarT

_ andazis mixedviT adgens martiv teqsts

_ eufleba axal leqsikur erTeulebs da metyvelebaSi iyenebs mas

_ varjiSobs orToepiasa da orTografiaSi, intonaciasa da

punqtuaciaSi...

_ wers

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (6 wuTi):

dafaze iwereba xalxuri leqsis areuli striqonebi, moswavleebs evalebaT

striqonebi daalagon ise, rom leqsis strofi miiRon (wyvilebSi muSaoba):

1. iqiT gorasa Zvras vuzam,

2. SevaCereb da ylaps vuzam.

3. adidebulsa mdinares

4. aqeT gorasa wixlsa vkrav,

(4, 1, 3, 2)

imsjeleben, Tu rogor adamianze migvaniSnebs es leqsi da SeurCeven Sesaferis

saTaursac (`trabaxa~, `mkvexara~...)

Catardeba didaqtikuri TamaSi `ra yofila~.

97


klasi gaiyofa jgufad, TiToeul jgufs Camourigdeba baraTebi leqsTa

striqonebiT, romlis mixedviT unda gamoicnon, rogori bavSvia miTiTebuli

personaJi: (jgufuri muSaoba).

kaxas aTi vaSli qonda,

erTi vaSli misca rodams,

mxolod erTi amyofina,

ise rogorc uwin.

ra yofila?

............ (Zunwi)

`tyeSi marto nu waxvalo~,

daariga papam uCa.

uCa mainc wayeryetda,

ucnob biliks gahyva kentad,

gzis gagneba gauWirda,

ekal-bardSi gaeba.

ra yofila?

.......... (Tavneba)

mamam naTelas da marTas

miutana aTi bafTa,

marTam Svidi airCia

da TavisTvis dakeca.

_ ra yofila?

.............. (TavkerZa)

nia qeTos pirSi aqebs,

wamoiwyebs titins.

zurgs ukan mis augs ambobs,

visTanac ki midis!

_ ra yofila?

........... (flidi)

I baraTi

II baraTi

III baraTi

IV baraTi

erTgvari Sejibric SeiZleba dawesdes. gaimarjvebs is jgufi, romelic uwin

gamoicnobs, amasTan sxva jgufis baraTebzec vinc met pasuxs gascems.

dafaze daiwereba baraTebis pasuxebi: Zunwi, uqnara, Tavneba, mxdali, TavkerZa,

mkvexara, flidi, wunia. daasaxeleben am uaryofiTi Tvisebebis sapirispiro

98

Zili uyvars irines

gvian-gvian iRviZebs,

oTaxs ar asufTavebs,

mtveri adevs mis wignebs.

darigeba ar esmis,

arc gawyroma _ muqara;

_ ra yofila?

........... (uqnara)

rezo scemda Tinas,

susts da pawawinas,

dainaxa benom,

moarida Tvali

_ ra yofila?

............... (mxdali)

soko movkrife bevrio,

badrim qveyana Seyara,

kalaTSi ewyo sul cota,

zemodan neSo eyara.

_ ra yofila?

........... (mkvexara)

lados suli uwakwakebs

limonaTi swyuria,

naklul Wiqas xels ar axlebs,

mxrebi auwuria.

_ ra yofila?

........... (wunia)


dadebiT Tvisebebs (Zunwi _ keTili, uqnara _ marjve, Tavneba _ damjeri,

mxdali _ mamaci...)

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (12 wuTi):

`pirveli nabijis~ pirvel Tavs kiTxulobs 2-3 moswavle. ganmeorebiT,

nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros aanalizeben ucnob sityvebsa da gamoTqmebs: nekeri _

kvirtebiani xis norCi totebi; vaci _ mamali Txa; sawyaloblad _ sawylad, sabralod,

sacodavad; xeirianad _ rigianad, kargad. eSvi _ kbili, romelic moTavsebulia

saWrel da ZiriTad kbilebs Soris. zog cxovels (mag: taxs, spilos) igi

orive mxares gamoSverili aqvs.

gamokrebiTi kiTxva Catardeba faqtebze orientirebuli kiTxvebiT (pasuxebs

teqstSi amoikiTxaven):

_ ra iyvnen erTmaneTisaTvis Taflo da bacia? daadastureT teqstidan (da

da Zma `ukve yvelas eSinia Cemi, droa, faris winamZRoli gavxde~, _ etrabaxeboda

igi Tavis daiko Taflos~).

`_ Cumad, beberma vacma ar gaigos, _ aCumebda gaTavxedebul Zmas Taflo~).

_ ra aris alikapi? (`es iyo nedli tirifis Rero, romelic mwared iCxvliteboda...).

_ rogor axasiaTebs baqia beber vacs? (`beber vacs ukve siaruli aRar Seu-

Zlia... uWirs gzis gagneba~).

_ rogor daexmara beberi vaci wyalSi CaZirul baqias? (`beberi vaci maSinve

im adgilisaken gaeqana, sadac baqia gauCinarda da ZlivZlivobiT amoaTria wylidan~).

orToepiasa da orTografiaze muSaobasac miecema saxaliso forma didaqtikuri

TamaSiT `gabmulxar, Cito, maxeSi!~ (jgufuri muSaoba). teqsts kiTxuloben

nawil-nawil, jgufis warmomadgenlebi SeamCneven da gaasworeben kiTxvisas

daSvebul Secdomas. iwereba + da _. imarjvebs is jgufi, romelic met +-s daagrovebs.

Secdomebi mosalodnelia Semdeg sityvebSi: SeeZina, daarqva, advilad,

dasdevda, metismetad, gavxde, Cumad, saaTobiT, fiqrobs, daagviana, sawyaloblad.

aqtivoba 3 _ teqstis analizi (9 wuTi):

moswavleebi pasuxoben maswavleblis mier dasmul gagebaze, analizze, sin-

Tezze orientirebul kiTxvebs (II-III-IV done).

_ ra niSnebiT SeurCia bebia rusudanma Tiknebs saxelebi? (Taflos dedasTan

msgavsebis mixedviT, bacias ki _ bewvis feris mixedviT...)

_ ratom eridebodnen faraSi bacias? ratom eSinodaT misi? (bacias alikapi

gaukeTes. alikaps ori bolo hqonda, maxvili eSvebiT wingamoSverili, romlebic

mwared iCxvliteboda, amitom eSinodaT da eridebodnen mas).

_ ra Searqves faraSi metsaxelad bacias?

_ rogor fiqrobT, amarTlebda igi am metsaxels? (amarTlebda. radgan bacia

Zalze baqia iyo. metismetad didi warmodgena hqonda TavisTavze. `ukve yvelas

eSinia Cemi, droa faris winamZRoli gavxde~ _ trabaxobda baqia).

_ ratom ar moswonda bacias faris winamZRoli beberi vaci? (siaruli aRar

SeuZlia, saaTobiT fiqrobs, uWirs gzis gagneba...).

99


_ ra mouvida mouTmenel bacias? (Tavaweulma Setopa wyalSi, CaiZira....).

_ romeli andazebi gagaxsenaT bacias am saqcielma? (`dedis win morbenal

kvics an mgeli SeWams an mglis Svilio~, `rac mogiva, daviTao, yvela Seni Tavi-

Tao~.)

aqtivoba 4 _ gegmis Sedgena (5 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqsts yofen calkeul nawilebad da asaTaureben (jgufebSi

muSaoba), TiToeuli jgufidan moismenen calkeuli nawilis saTaurs, SearCeven

ukeTess da weren dafaze. gegma daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

TiknebisaTvis saxelebis Serqmeva

onavari baciasaTvis alikapis gakeTeba

baqiasTvis zedmetsaxelis Serqmeva

baqias gauCinareba wyalSi

aqtivoba 5 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba:

a) rTuli sityvebis marTlwera (2 wuTi)

wvercancara, wvergamoSverili, metismetad, winamZRoli, baqibuqa, zedmetsaxelad,

Tavaweuli, ZlivZlivobiT.

arkveven, ratom iwereba erTad (marTalia, ori fuZisgan Sedgeba, magram erT

sagans aRniSnavs. SuaSi da kavSiris Casma SeuZlebelia).

b) omonimebze muSaoba (2 wuTi)

teqstSi mocemul winadadebebSi _ `ukve yvelas eSinia Cemi; droa, faris

winamZRoli gavxde~, `baciam mxolod erTxel moaxerxa wylidan Tavis `amoyofa~.

moswavleebi akvirdebian sityvebs `gavxde~ `moaxerxa`. maswavleblis davalebiT

am sityvebs iyeneben winadadebebSi, romlebSic maT gansxvavebuli mniSvneloba

eqnebaT; mag: `bevrs vvarjiSob, minda cota mainc gavxde~. `muSam mors bolo moaxerxa~.

`gavxde~ pirvel winadadebaSi niSnavs raRacis miRwevas, meoreSi ki gaxdomas

_ wonaSi daklebas.

`moaxerxa~ pirvel winadadebaSi niSnavs moxerxebas, meoreSi ki moxerxvas.

g) ganagrZeT (2 wuTi):

nimuSi: visac Tavi aqvs aweuli _ Tavaweuli

visac Tavi aqvs daxrili _ (Tavdaxrili)

visac Tavi aqvs gatexili _ (Tavgatexili)

visac Tavi aqvs motvlepili _ (Tavmotvlepili)

visac Tavi aqvs moWrili _ (TavmoWrili.)

aqtivoba 6 _ Sejameba (3 wuTi):

moswavleebi ajameben, ra gaiges axali am gakveTilze (ra aris alikapi, romel

Sinaur cxovels ukeTeben da rodis, rodis da ris mixedviT arqmeven zedmetsaxelebs;

ra mohyveba daujereblobasa da Tavze metismetad did warmodgenas).

100


aqtivoba 7 _ Sefaseba (2 wuTi):

gakveTilis bolos maswavlebeli klasTan erTad afasebs ramdenime moswavles.

Sefasebisas iTvaliswinebs Semdeg parametrebs.

praqtikuli muSaoba (organizebuloba, SemoqmedebiToba, masalis floba;

b) msjeloba klasSi (aqtiuroba, partniorTan da jgufTan muSaoba, kiTxvebze

adekvaturi pasuxebis gacema); g) prezentacia (sakuTari azris dasabuTeba, koreqtuloba).

aqtivoba 8 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`pirveli nabiji~ _ I Tavi TxrobiT. SeurCion saTauri pirvel Tavs (`Taflo

da bacia~, `alikapi~, `trabaxa bacia~, `baqia bacia~...). Sin waikiTxon moTxrobis meore

Tavic da mTlian teqstSi moiniSnon (amoiweron) sityvebi, romlebic bacias

damaxasiaTebel Tvisebebze migviTiTebs (baqia, nazbewviani, baci cisferi bewviT

Semosili, onavari, gaTavxedebuli, cerceti).

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV5, IV12, IV14.

II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstze muSaoba (`pirveli nabiji~, II Tavi) _ (8 wuTi)

moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben rolebad (avtori, deda, bacia, mwyemsi).

radgan avtoris sityvebi bevria, misi wakiTxva SeiZleba davavaloT sam bavSvs.

xel meored, nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi:

cicabo, ZeZvnari, gaexira, revmatizmi, foni, baki, ugvano _ es sityvebi

saxelmZRvaneloSia axsnili, sasurvelia, agreTve aixsnas Semdegi sityvebi:

iribad _ daxrilad, Tavpiris mtvreviT _ Zalian Cqara, kisristexiT. fTila _

gaCeCili an gapentili matylis (bambis ) xelisgulisdena nawili, romelic Semdeg

unda dairTos. xevi _ mdinaris Rrma kalapoti (mTebSi). patara mdinare mTebs

Sua; Wala _ vake adgi li (tyiani an utyeo) mdinaris piras. uTavbolo _ uwesrigo,

areul-dareuli. zanzalaki _ patara zari.

aqtivoba 2 _ moTxrobis dayofa monakveTebad da dasaTaureba (jgufebSi

muSaoba) (7 wuTi):

nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros TiToeul suraTs warmoadgens TiToeuli jgufi,

mosawoni saTaurebi daiwereba dafaze. gegma daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

baqias trabaxi

ZeZvnarSi

bacias avadmyofoba

bacias survili

dedis rCeva

mwyemsis stumroba

axali winamZRoli

101


aqtivoba 3 _ teqstis analizi (siRrmiseuli wvdoma) (11 wuTi):

moswavleebi gamometyvelebiT kiTxuloben teqsts. upasuxeben maswavleblis

mier dasmul gagebaze, analizze, sinTezze orientirebul kiTxvebs (II-III-IV

done).

_ rogor ganagrZobda bacia faris winamZRolis beberi vacis lanZRva-ginebas?

_ ra darigebebs iZleoda deda Txa?

_ ramdenad misaRebad geCvenebaT deda Txis rCeva darigebani? daasabuTeT

Tqveni azri.

_ bacias ra Tvisebebi Cans am moTxrobaSi? (trabaxa, ampartavani, Tavxedi,

sulswrafi, cerceti, onavari, daujerebeli, magram bolos inaniebs Tavis Secdomas

da swor gadawyvetilebas iRebs _ TiToeul Tvisebas adastureben teqstis

mixedviT).

_ rogoria bacia moTxrobis dasawyisSi? (baqia da daujerebeli).

_ moTxrobis bolos? (dakvirvebuli, fiqrobs swori gzis arCevaze, pirveli

nabijis sworad gadadgmaze, swori gadawyvetilebis miRebaze).

_ ram Secvala igi? (mwyemsma igi winamZRolad airCia; baciam igrZno: raki

amxela movaleoba daakisres, uTavbolo kuntruSi aRar SeSvenoda; amasTan _ bacias

swor gzaze dayenebas xeli Seuwyo TiToeuli moqmedi piris keTilma ganwyobam

mis mimarT).

_ rogor fiqrobT, risi Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis? (SeiZleba

Secdoma dauSva, mTavaria, Sen TviTon aRiaro da gamoasworo, miiRo swori gadawyvetileba).

upasuxeben aqtivobebis rveulSi mocemul tests:

bacia iyo:

a) didgula da boroti

b) sulswrafi da TavisTavSi zedmetad darwmunebuli

g) amayi da ukareba

(swori pasuxia b)

asruleben `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ mocemul pirvel davalebas: Tqveni azriT

swori iyo dedis rCeva? (diax, ara). adastureben TavianT azrs.

aqtivoba 4 _ Sinaarsis gadmocema (6 wuTi):

moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss winaswari Sedgenili gegmisa da

maswavleblis mier dasmuli kiTxvebis mixedviT.

aqtivoba V _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba:

a) sityvaTa marTlwera (4 wuTi) (gamoiyeneba teqsti) _ varjiSoben Semdegi

sityvebis marTlwarmoTqmasa da marTlweraze

dafrTxnen, Tav-piris mtvreviT, nazbewvian, fTila-fTilad, amaod, revmatizmi,

winamZRoli, miiRebdes, kbilebi, gamocdilia, amindi, Crdiliani,

Wkvianad, niSnad, grZnobda, daakisres, uTavbolo, sxvadasxva, vac-Tikani,

moTminebiT.

102


) gadaiyvaneT zmnebi pirvel pirSi:(3 wuTi): u-s win v-s wera

nimuSi: Zeram gadaufrina

me gadavufrine

winamZRoli urCevs

me___________ (vurCev)

bebiam mouyvana

me___________(movuyvane)

g) andazebze muSaoba (3 wuTi) moTxrobis Sesaferisi andazebis gaxseneba

(`zogi Wiri margebelia~, `dedis win morbenal kvics an mgeli SeWams, an mglis

Svilio~, `rac mogiva, daviTao, yvela Seni TaviTao~. `Seayare kedels cercvi~...)

aqtivoba 6 _ gakvTilis Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi)

aqtivoba 7 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi): `pirveli nabiji~, II Tavi TxrobiT.

SeurCion saTauri meore Tavs (`axali winamZRoli~, `bacia gamosworda~. `bacias

fiqrebi~...). weriTi samuSao: teqstis mixedviT dawere `zogi Wiri margebelia~

(davaleba #2. aqtivobebis rveuli.).

Sedegebis kodi: IV4, IV6, IV7, IV9, IV10.

III gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema da analizi (15 wuTi):

moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss. yuradReba eqceva mesame pirSi

Txrobas (teqstSi pirveli piris formiTaa gadmocemuli ZiriTadad bacias sityvebi,

xolo meore piris formiT deda Txis, Taflosa da mwyemsis monaTxrobi),

faqtebis logikuri Tanamimdevrobas, orToepiasa da orTografias.

teqstis saanalizod moswavleebi erTmaneTs dausvamen kiTxvebs (wyvilebSi

muSaoba), afaseben SekiTxvebze miRebul pasuxebs. msjeloben bacias uaryofiT

Tvisebebze, ram Seuwyo xeli bacias gamosworebas, riT mTavrdeba moTxroba.

(`fara moTminebiT eloda axali winamZRolis pirvel nabijs~). imsjeleben, gansakuTrebiT

ra moewonaT am moTxrobaSi, romeli moqmedi piris saqcielia mosawoni.

(mosawonia: Taflo _ igi yovelTvis arigebda gaTavxedebul Zmas, beberi

vaci _ miuxedavad imisa, rom bacia mas sul dascinoda, roca bacia wyalSi

gauCinarda, beberi vaci maSinve im adgilisaken gaeqana, sadac baqia gauCinarda,

da ZlivZlivobiT amoaTria wylidan; deda Txa _ mudam swor rCevasa da darigebas

aZlevda bacias: bebia rusudani _ eqimi mouyvana bacias, kargad uvlida

avadmyofs; eqimi _ kargad mouara bacias da bebiasac saTanado darigeba misca,

rogor moevlo avadmyofisaTvis; mwyemsi _ winamZRolad SearCia bacia, manve

Seaba yelze zanzalaki). ase rom TiTqmis yvela moqmedi piri exmareboda bacias,

ramac Seuwyo xeli mis gamosworebasa da swor gzaze dayenebas.

103

eqimma daubara

me__________(davubare)

eqimma gauSva

me__________ (gavuSvi)

baqia usmenda

me__________ (vusmendi)


aqtivoba 4 _ gakveTilis Sejameba da Sefaseba (5 wuTi)

aqtivoba V _ saSinao davaleba (3 wuTi): `pirveli nabiji~ _ TxrobiT.

weriTi davaleba:

a) `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ # 5 davaleba: Seavse gamotovebuli adgilebi

zmniswinebiT (pasuxebia: mi, Se, Ca, amo, ga, gada).

b) `pirveli nabijis~ meore Tavis pirvel da meore abzacidan amowereT

zmniswiniani 7 zmna: (nimuSi: miabakunebda, gadaxta, gaswia, SexvalT, gadaufrina,

miaSures, garbodnen).

Sedegebis kodi: IV3, IV4, IV6, IV7, IV8, IV12, IV14.

105


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`rogor gaCnda Wadraki~ (aRmosavluri Tqmuleba),

frazeologizmebi

nj{ofcj

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri maTematikasTan

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ martivi sakomunikacio teqstis SeTxzva (literaturuli

personaJisaTvis werilis miwera)

_ literturuli personaJebis martivad daxasiaTeba

_ orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems teqstis Sinaarss

_ avlebs paralels maTematikur cnebebTan (mravalniSna ricxvTa klasi,

masis sazomi erTeulebi)

_ ajamebs wakiTxuls, akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ wers

_ adgens martiv sakomunikacio teqsts

_ varjiSobs mcdarad dawerili formebis gasworebaze

_ eufleba frazeologizmebs, iyenebs maT metyvelebaSi

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. Sesavali saubari _ maswavlebeli klass esaubreba Wadrakze, arkvevs,

ra ician moswavleebma am TamaSis Sesaxeb, Tu icnoben am TamaSis wesebs, Wadrakis

figurebis saxelwodebebs...

informacia maswavleblisaTvis _ Wadraki, inteleqtualuri TamaSi, romelSic organuladaa

Serwymuli mecnierebis, xelovnebisa da sportis elementebi, aviTarebs logikur azrovnebas,

xels uwyobs yuradRebis koncentracias, TviTkritikis ganviTarebas. Wadrakis partias

TamaSobs 2 partniori TeTri da Savi figurebiT 64 ujredian dafaze, romelic dayofilia

muqi da Ria feris ujrebiT. yovel partniors aqvs 8 figura (mefe, lazieri, 2 etli, 2 mxedari, 2

ku) da 8 paiki. yoveli figura (mefis garda) dadis garkveuli wesrigis Sesabamisad da misi ayvana

106


SeiZleba mowinaaRmdegis figuriT. TamaSis mizania mowinaaRmdegis mefis daSamaTeba. es TamaSi

aRmocenda indoeTSi V saukuneSi. Wadraki moxseniebulia Zvel qarTul saistorio wyaroebSi.

CvenSi Wadrakis uZvelesi figurebi daTariRebulia XIII saukuniT. pirveli qarTveli moWadrake,

romelic gavida saerTaSoriso sarbielze, iyo andria dadiani (ekaterine WavWavaZisa da samegrelos

mTavris daviT dadianis Svili). 1926 wels moewyo TbilisSi masobrivi turniri, romelSic

600 kaci monawileobda. 1928 wels Catarda vaJTa, xolo 1935 wels _ saqarTvelos qalTa Cempionatebi.

qarTuli Wadrakis popularizaciaze gansakuTrebiT imoqmeda msoflios xuTgzis Cem-

pionis nona gafrindaSvilis saerTaSoriso warmatebebma.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqsts nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebi,

gzadagza aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. amave mizniT moswavleebi

ganmeorebiT kiTxuloben teqsts Cumadac. axali leqsikuri erTeulebi

aixsneba `sityvis salaros~ daxmarebiT, aseve _ moswavleTa saerTo ZalebiT.

gairkveva, ris Sesaxeb aris dawerili es teqsti, vin da vin arian misi mTavari moqmedi

pirebi (mefe da filosofosi), aramTavari gmirebi (kariskacebi _ vezirebi,

sefeqalebi, sasaxlis meWurWleTuxucesi), maTi xasiaTis ra Tvisebebi Cans

am nawarmoebSi (mefe axalgazrdaa, gamoucdeli da TavisTavSi darwmunebuli;

advilad iZleva dapirebebs, sjera Tavisi kariskacebis; filosofosi brZenia,

ar izidavs amqveyniuri simdidre da pativi, SeuZlia mefes uTxras saTqmeli arapirdapir,

TamaSis saSualebiT. man SeZlo mefisaTvis Tvalis axela da sakuTari

naklovanebebis danaxveba, amave dros metismetad moxerxebulia; kariskacebi da

sefeqalebi mliqvnelebi arian)... moswavleebi TiToeuli gmiris daxasiaTebisaTvis

eZeben saTanado adgilebs teqstSi da amiT asabuTeben Tavis azrs.

gaanalizdeba, ratom iyo mefe metismetad Tavdajerebuli, ra iyo amis mizezi

(kariskacTa mliqvneloba, gamoucdeloba, axalgazrduli asaki), rogor Se-

Zlo filosofosma mefisaTvis Tvalis axela, ramdenad gamarTlebulad eCvenebaT

misi saqcieli, ratom... rogoria mefe teqstis dasawyisSi, teqstis bolos,

ram ganapiroba misi aseTi cvlileba; ra aris teqstis mTavari saTqmeli, romel

striqonebSia es gadmocemuli... ramdenad ukavSirdeba teqstis bolos mocemuli

andaza teqstis saTqmels; ratom hqvia am teqsts `Tqmuleba~, ra igulisxmeba

`TqmulebaSi~ (teqstSi gadmocemuli ambavi SeiZleba ar Seeferebodes sinamdviles);

SeeZlo Tu ara mefes, Tavis daexsna mocemuli sityvis Sesrulebisagan

(SeeZlo, Tu Tavad filosofoss sTxovda am marcvlebis daTvlas).

3. saganTSorisi kavSiri maTematikasTan _ mravalniSa ricxvebs am etapze

moswavleebi ukve icnoben, weren am ricxvebs dafaze da aanalizeben erTeulTa,

aTaseulTa klasebs; eZeben teqstSi masis sazom Zvel erTeulebs _ ambari, sawyavi...

4. wakiTxulis gaazreba _Seamowme Seni Tavi (swori pasuxia g) davaleba #1

(a. mefisaTvis mTavari xalxis Tanadgomaa, b. daufiqreblad aravis arafers ar

unda Sehpirde).

5. Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi adgenen Sinaarsis gadmosacemad gegmas,

romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

107


mefis Tavdajerebuloba

filosofosis gadawyvetileba

Wadrakis Seqmna

TamaSSi Caqsovili sibrZne

gasamrjelo filosofosisaTvis

filosofosis vali

am sakiTxebidan moswavleebi arCeven erT-erTs da werilobiT gadmoscemen

mis Sinaarss. unda daasabuTon Tavisi azri, ratom SeaCeres TavianTi arCevani am

sakiTxze. weris damTarebisas afaseben sakuTar codnas (davaleba Sevasrule: a.

Zalian kargad, b. kargad, g. gamiWirda), TviTSefasebas udareben maswavleblis Sefasebas,

akeTeben saTando daskvnas.

6. sakumunikacio teqstis Seqmna _ davaleba #3.

II. enobriv masalze dakvirveba

1. sinonimebze muSaoba _ pirvel abzacSi gamoyenebulia sami sinonimuri

zedsarTavi saxeli: pirmoTne _ laquca-mliqvneli.

2. frazeologizmebze muSaoba:

a) Tavbru daaxvies _ TavisTavze didi warmodgena Seuqmnes

b) yuri mohkra _ gaigo

g) sagonebelSi Cavarda _ Cafiqrda

d) Tvali auxila _simarTle gaagebina

e) SiSis zari daeca _ Zalian SeSinda

am frazologizmebis gamoyenebiT adgenen winadadebebs.

3. orTografiuli Secdomebis gasworeba _ davaleba #4. (Secdomebia sityvebSi:

pir-moTne _ pirmoTne, karis kacebi _ kariskacebi, sefe-qali _ sefeqali,

Tav-bru _ Tavbru, daxvia _ daaxvia, erTad erTi _ erTaderTi, dasaydeni

_dasayrdeni, qveSerdomebi _ qveSevr mdomebi, mxoloT _ mxolod, marTveli _

mmarTveli, Zleva mosileba _ Zlevamosileba, Tav-dajerebuli _ Tavdajerebuli,

brZenkacebis _ brZenkacebis).

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV3, IV7, IV9, IV10, IV13.

108


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`sityvis Zala~, adgilis zmnizeda, Zireuli da warmoqmnili

saxelebi (praqtikulad, terminebis miwodebis gareSe)

nj{ofcj

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ wakiTxulis Sejameba da gaazreba

_kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ literaturuli personaJebis martivad daxasiaTeba, sakuTari azris

dasabuTeba

_ adgilis zmnizedis gacnoba da masTan dakavSirebuli

orTografiul-stiluri Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ gaiazrebs wakiTxuls da akeTebs saTanado daskvnebs

_ asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ ixsenebs rTuli sityvebis marTlweras

_ akvirdeba Zireulsa da warmoqmnil saxelebs (saTanado terminebis

miwodebis gareSe)

_ wers

_ ecnoba adgilis zmnizedasa da masTan dakavSirebul

praqtikul sakiTxebs

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli dafaze wers frazas: `sityvis

Zala~ da moswavleebs ekiTxeba, rogor gaiazreben mas. am mizniT SeiZleba klasi

davyoT jgufebad, TiToeul jgufs davavaloT, warmoadginos Tavisi azri am

sakiTxis Sesaxeb.

moswavleTa pasuxebis prezentaciis Semdeg keTdeba daskvna _ sityvas zog

SemTxvevaSi ufro didi Zala aqvs, vidre saqmes.

109


2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ umjobesia teqsti wavakiTxoT moswavleebs

pauzebiT: I pauza: `... romelzec cxenis patrons unda gamoevlo~, II pauza: `damixsen

sikvdilisagan~, III pauza: `... cxenis patronma ... dauZaxa matyuaras~, IV pauza

_ `... uTxra cxenis patronma~. TiToeuli pauzis Semdeg moswavleebi gamoTqvamen

varauds moqmedebis Semdgomi ganviTarebis Sesaxeb. TavianT varauds moswavleebi

udareben teqstiseul variants. moqmedebs principi: `yvelas azri misaRebia~.

gzadagza `sityvis salaros gamoyenebiT~ da klasis aqtiuri monawileobiT aixsneba

gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. `sityvis salaroSi~ axsnili leqsikuri

erTeulebis garda, moswavleebisaTvis SeiZleba gaugebari aRmoCndes:

davrdomili _ avadmyofi, SeuZlod myofi

muxlebSi jani ara maqvs _ Rone ar maqvs, siaruli ar SemiZlia

gaikiTxaven _ aq: daexmarebian

teqstis analizisas gairkveva, ra xerxs mimarTa ucxoelma cxenis xelSi

Casagdebad, ratom mimarTa am xerxs, misi xasiaTis ra Tvisebaze metyvelebs es

saqcieli, ratom aRmouCina cxenis patronma mas daxmareba, misi xasiaTis ra Tviseba

Cans aqedan, SeeZlo Tu ara mas mocemul SemTxvevaSi sxvagvarad moqceva, ratom

iTxova ucxoelma patieba cxenis patronisagan, ram imoqmeda masze ase Zlier

(cxe nis patronis sityvebma Tu misma saqcielma), rogor moiqceoda amis Semdeg

ucxoeli... ra aris mTavari am nawarmoebSi: a) cxenis dabruneba, b) cxenis patronis

keTilSobileba, g) sakuTari danaSaulis Secnoba da monanieba (swori pasuxia

g). teqstisaTvis sxva daboloebas xom ar moifiqrebdnen, ratom hqvia am teqsts

`sityvis Zala~, SeiZleba Tu ara mas sxva saTauri SevurCioT...

moswavleebi ramdenime sityviT axasiaTeben teqstis gmirebs: a) ucxoels, b)

cxenis patrons (davaleba #1), sakuTari Sexedulebisamebr agrZeleben teqsts

(davaleba #2).

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ teqstis Sinaarss moswavleebi gadmoscemen

gabmuli TxrobiT, SeiZleba gamoviyenoT inscenirebac _ rolebad kiTxva:

mTxrobeli, cxenis patroni, ucxoeli.

4. Tavisufal Temaze zepiri Txzulebis Sedgena _ klass vTavazobT

SoTa rusTavelis aforizms: ~gvelsa xvreliT amoiyvans ena tkbilad moubari~,

vavalebT Seqmnan teqsti am aforizmis mixedviT.

II. enobriv masalze dakvirveba

1. rTuli sityvebis marTlwera _ dafaze iwereba sityvebi: piri-saxe, xelfexi,

lukma-puri, gulkeTili, orguli. moswavleebi aanalizeben, romeli sityva

iwereba defisiT, romlebi _ udefisod, ixseneben rTuli sityvebis marTlweris

saTando wess, asaxeleben sxva magaliTebsac.

110


2. Zireuli da warmoqmnili saxelebi :

cxeni _ cxenosani

friadi _ friad... (osani)

gvirgvini _ gvirgvin... (osani)

mandili _ mandil... (osani)

frTa _ frT... (osani)

Coxa _ Cox... (osani)

(bolosarTi -osan am sityvebSi aRniSnavs raimes qona-yolas).

3. adgilis zmnizeda _ dafaze iwereba winadadeba: `maspinZelma stumari Sin

miipatiJa~. klass vavalebT, moZebnon am winadadebSi is sityva, romelsac daesmis

kiTxva `sad~? (Sin). gairkveva, ras aRniSnavs igi (moqmedebis adgils), romel sityvas

daerTvis (miipatiJa _ zmnas). eZleva daskvna: sityva, romelic daerTvis

zmnas da gviCvenebs, sad xdeba moqmedeba, adgilis zmnizedaa. misi kiTxvaa

sad? (Sin, gareT, zemoT, qvemoT, win, ukan, maRla, dabla...). am codnis gamoyenebT

sruldeba saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemuli savarjiSo da davalebebi #3 da #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV3, IV5, IV7, IV10, IV11, IV12, IV13.

momdevno 1 saaTs maswavlebels vutovebT e. w. `Tavisufali~ muSaobisaTvis.

111


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

sulxan-saba orbelianis igav-arakebi, drois zmnizeda

nj{ofcj

_ literaturuli teqstebis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ sakuTari daskvnebis gakeTeba da dasabuTeba

_ literturis Janrebze (igav-araki, zRapari) dakvirveba

_ mxatvruli teqstis Seqmna andazis mixedviT

_ drois zmnizedisa da masTan dakavSirebuli praqtikuli sakiTxebis gacnoba

_ Seswavlil literturul nawarmoebebTan paralelebis gavleba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs igav-arakebs, akeTebs daskvnebs da asabuTebs

Tavis azrs

_ avlebs paralelebs Seswavlil literturul nawarmoebebTan

_ erTmaneTTan akavSirebs wakiTxul masalasa da andazebs

_ akvirdeba literturuli Janrebis (igav-araki, zRapari) saxeebs, eZebs

maT Soris msgavsebasa da gansxvavebas

_ adgens mxatvrul teqsts andazis mixedviT

_ wers

_ ecnoba drois zmnizedas

_ muSaobs wyvilebSi, jgufurad

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass axsenebs wina klasebSi Seswavlil

igav-arakebs, yuradRebas amaxvilebs igav-arakis raobaze, im msgavsebasa

da gansxvavebaze, rac igav-araksa da zRapars Soris arsebobs, mokled esaubreba

sulxan-saba orbelianis Sesaxeb.

informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

a) sulxan-saba orbeliani (1658_1725 w.w.), aRorZinebis xanis mwerali, mTargmneli,

leqsikografi, enciklopedisti, politikuri moRvawe. politikuri moRvaweoba daiwyo qarTlis

mefis _ giorgi XI-is _ karze, 1698 wels berad aRikveca daviT garejis monasterSi da iwoda sabad

(amiT aixsneba misi ormagi saxeli: erobaSi _ sulxani, berobaSi _ saba). male is kvlav politikur

cxovrebaSi Caeba da vaxtang VI-is uaxloesi mrCeveli gaxda. 1713 wels man diplomatiuri

misiiT imogzaura italiasa da safrangeTSi. 1724 wels vaxtang VI-sTan erTad wavida politikur

emigraciaSi moskovSi da iq gardaicvala kidec 1725 wels. iyo avtori friad sagulisxmo litera-

112


turuli da filologiuri naSromebisa: `sibrZne sicruisa~, `mogzauroba evropaSi~, `qarTuli

leqsikoni~. masve ekuTvnis `qililasa da damanas~ qarTuli Targmanis redaqciac.

b) igav-araki _ mcire zomis leqsi an moTxroba, romelSic ambavi gadmocemulia narTaul-

ad, alegoriebiT. adamianebis garda, mis gmirebad xSirad gvevlinebian cxovelebi, frinvelebi,

mwerebi... Txrobis dasasruls avtori mkiTxvels sTavazobs rCeva-darigebas yofiTs an zneobriv

sakiTxebze. es Janri cnobilia uZvelesi droidan: ezopes (saberZneTi, Zv. welTaRricxvis VI s.),

fedrusis (romi, ax. welTaRricxvis I s.), lafontenis (safrangeTi, XVII s), lesingis (germania, XVIII

s), agreTve induri krebuli `panCatatra~ (III-IV s.s.), romelic saqarTveloSi Semovida sparseTidan

`qililasa da damanas~ saxelwodebiT. qarTul mwerlobaSi igav-arakebi ZvelTaganve damkvidrda,

gvaqvs rogorc originaluri, ise naTargmni igav-arakebi. isini `vefxistyaosanSic~ uxvad aris

CarTuli. saqarTveloSi am Janris popularizaciaSi udidesi wvlili Seitana sulxan-saba orbe-

lianma, romelic Tavis krebulSi `sibrZne sicruisa~ iyenebs rogorc Targmnil, ise originalur

igav-arakebsac.

g) zRapari _ zepirsityvierebis erT-erTi Janri, umetesad prozauli saxis, jadosnuri,

saTavgadasavlo an yofiTi xasiaTis. jadosnur zRaprebs igav-arakebTan amsgavsebs is, rom aqac

moqmedi pirebi cxovelebi an frinvelebi arian, magram igav-arakebisagan gansxvavebiT, zRaparSi

cxovelebi da frinvelebi adamianis alegoriuli gamoxatulebani ar arian, arc rCeva-darigebas

sTavzobs igi mkiTxvels.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqsts moswavleebi kiTxuloben Tavidan

bolomde. (Tavad maswavlebels vandobT imis gadawyvetas, ramdeni igavi daamuSavos

erT gakveTilze). kiTxvis procesSi aixsneba axali sityvebi da gamoTqmebi.

TiToeuli igavis wakiTxvis Semdeg moswavleebi aanalizeben, risi Tqma surs mwerals,

ra Sefaruli darigebaa TiToeul igav-arakSi, moZebnon da waikiTxon teqstidan

is adgilebi, sadac mwerlis saTqmeli yvelaze naTlad ikiTxeba, avleben

paralelebs adre Seswavlil igav-arakebTan, msjeloben, ra aqvT maT saerTo;

aseve avleben paralels wina gakveTilze Seswavlil xalxur Tqmulebas `sityvis

Zalasa~ da `xalifasa da arabs~, `eniT dakodils~ Soris (aq msgavseba SeiZleba

moviZioT rogorc siuJetebs, ise mwerlis saTqmels Soris); gaanalizdeba, ra

aris mTavari am igav-arakebSi (`Seamowme Seni Tavi~ _ swori pasuxebia: 1b, 2a,

3a); moswavleebi asabuTeben Tavis azrs (davaleba #1), ixseneben andazebs, romlebic,

maTi azriT, Seefereba wakiTxul teqstebs (`kargi hqeni, qvaze dade, gaiare,

win dagxvdeba~, `sxvas nu gaukeTeb avs da avisac nu geSinia~, `rac ar gergeba,

ar Segergeba,~, `xmalze ufri Zlierad Wris patara da lbili ena~, `Cveuleba

rjulze umtkicesiao~, `rasac dasTes, imas moimki~...); zepirad asabuTeben maTs

Sesabamisobas wakiTxul teqstebTan, Semdeg erT-erTi andazis mixedviT adgenen

da weren teqsts (davaleba #3); TxrobiT gadmoscemen TiToeuli igav-arakis Sinaarss.

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II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

drois zmnizeda _ dafaze iwereba winadadeba: `guSin Tan araferi mqonda

wamoRebuli, axla ki es cxeni ukan mogiyvaneT~._ gairkveva, am winadadebSi romel

sityvebs daesmis kiTxva rodis? (guSin, axla). eZleva daskvna _ sityva, rome lic

axlavs zmnas da gviCvenebs rodis xdeba moqmedeba, adgilis zmnizedaa. guSin,

axla _ adgilis zmnizedebia. aseve gaanalizdeba winadadebebi: `dRes mercxali

Semofrinda~, `Zvelad indoeTs gamoucdeli mefe marTavda~, `winaT aq mefis

sasaxle iyo~. gairkveva, rom aq drois zmnizedebia: `dRes~, `Zvelad~, `winaT~. eZeben

Seswavlil teqstSi drois sxva zmnizedebsac: Semdeg, maSin, erTxel, gverdze,

erT dRes... werilobiT sruldeba davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV3, IV5, IV6, IV7, IV9, IV11, IV14.

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hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

giorgi SatberaSvilis `dinozavris nakvalevze~(nawyveti

moTxrobidan `saTaflia~), viTarebis zmnizeda da

masTan dakavSirebuli praqtikuli sakiTxebi

nj{ofcj

_ aRweriTi teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri bunebismcodneobasTan

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema gabmuli TxrobiT

_ mocemul Temebze martivi aRweriTi da mxatvruli teqstebis Seqmna

_ saganmanaTleblo informaciis Sejameba: ra vicodi dinozavrebis

Sesaxeb, ra gavige, ris gageba mainteresebs

_ viTarebis zmnizedasTan dakavSirebuli praqtikuli sakiTxebis

gacnoba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs aRweriT teqsts

_ ajamebs miRebul informacias

_ avlebs paralelebs bunebismetyvelebis gakveTilebze miRebul

informaciasTan

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ wers, agebs martiv aRweriT da mxatvrul teqstebs

_ ecnoba da metyvelebaSi marTebulad iyenebs viTarebis zmnizedas,

eufleba masTan dakavSirebul praqtikuli stilistikisa da

orTografiis sakiTxebs

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am etapis dagegmva sxvadasxvanairad SeiZleba

moxdes:

a) moswavleebi gaixsneben ra ician bunebismcodneobis gakveTilebidan qvewarmavlebis

klasis Sesaxeb, b) aTvaliereben dinozavris suraTs da msjeloben

mis Sesaxeb (rodis cxovrobda, riT ikebeboda...), g) Tu amis saSualebaa, es gakveTili,

SeiZleba daukavSirdes eqskursias saTaflias gamoqvabulSi.

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informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

a) carculi periodi daiwyo 135-137 milioni wlis win da grZeldeboda daaxloebiT 70 mln.

weli. am dros xerxemlianTa faunaSi gavrcelebulni iyvnen dinozavrebi, romlebic amowydnen

carculi periodis damTavrebisTanave. carculi periodis naleqebi aRmoCenilia yvela konti-

nentze.

b) saTaflia _ mRvime quTaisis maxloblad, samguralis seris maxloblad, derefnis tipisaa,

aqvs ganStoebebi da darbazebi, misi saerTo sigrZe 900 metrs aRwevs, maqsimaluri simaRle

10 m-ia, sigane _ 12 m. aqve miedineba mdinare oRaskura, romelic gamosavals poulobs samguralis

seris samxreTiT. haerisa da wylis temperatura aq wlis ganmavlobaSi 12-13 gradusia. aRmoaCina

pedagog-mxareTmcodnem petre Wabukianma. aqve, mRvimis SesasvlelTan, aRmoCenilia mtacebeli

da balaxiWamia dinozavrebis 200-mde nakvalevi.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqsts moswavleebi kiTxuloben nawilnawil,

teqstis damuSavebis gza induqciuria _ nawilidan mTelisaken. kiTxvis

procesSi gaanalizdeba azrobrivad dasrulebuli TiToeuli monakveTis

leqsika, Sinaarsi, informacia; Sedgeba gegma, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes

miiRebs:

biWebis sixaruli

mogzauroba saTafliisaken

dinozavrebis nakvalevi

biWebis gaoceba

dinozavris suraTi

ra daemarTaT dinozavrebs

gaqvavebuli zRvis napiri

gansxvavebuli naterfalebi...

gairkveva, rodis cxovrobdnen dinozavrebi, riT ikvebebodnen, rogor gamoiyurebodnen

isini, rogor gadaSendnen, rogori iyo kavkasia am periodSi, ras

uwodeben am periods, ratom da rogor datoves dinozavrebma nakvalevi saTafliis

gamoqvabulTan, ratom aris es nakvalevebi sxvadasxva zomis, ris safuZvelze

swavloben amJamad mecnierebi am cxovelebs... (moswavleebi kiTxuloben

saTanado adgilebs teqstidan); Semdeg ki ajameben miRebul informacias da wyvilebSi

asruleben #3 davalebas.

teqstis mixedviT aRweren: a) dinozavrs, b) uZveles kavkasias (davaleba #1).

adgenen martiv teqsts `mogzauroba saTafliisaken~ (davaleba #4).

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi TanmimdevrobiT gadmoscemn

teqstis Sinaarss gegmis TiToeuli sakiTxis mixedviT.

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II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

a) punqtuaciasa da intonaciaze varjiSi _ maswavlebeli klass akvirvebs

winadadebaze:

`_ ki magram... _ daiwyo elgujam, magram papa petrem gaawyvetina~.

_ Tqveni azriT, ratom aris aq naxmari mravalwertili? ris kiTxva surda

elgujas? rogor daamTavrebT am winadadebas? mravalwertiliT raze migvaniSnebs

aq mwerali?

_ moZebneT teqstSi a) kiTxviTi winadadebebi, b) Zaxilis winadadebebi, b) br-

ZanebiTi winadadebebi da waikiTxeT isini saTanado intonaciiT.

b) viTarebis zmnizeda _ dafaze iwereba winadadeba `maT win kolxeTis veli

Tavlwarmtacad moCanda~.

_ romel sityvas daesmis aq kiTxva `rogor~? romel sityvas daerTvis igi?

ras aRniSnavs?

eZleva daskvna: sityva, romelic daerTvis zmnas da gviCvenebs rogor

xdeba moqmedeba, viTarebis zmnizedaa. misi kiTsvaa rogor? Tvalwarmtacad vi-

Tarebis zmnizedaa.

am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemuli davaleba,

agreTve `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ mocemuli #4, #5 da #6 davalebebi. #4 davalebaSi

yuradReba maxvildeba sityvaTa myar Sexamebebze (calybad moikiTxa, calybad

dapatiJa; mkvaxed upasuxa, mkvaxed Tqva; yasidad gabrazda, yasidad gai cina),

aixsneba am frazeologizmebis mniSvnelobebi da maTi gamoyenebiT Sedgeba winadadebebi.

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV4, IV5, IV6, IV8, IV10, IV11, IV13, IV14.

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guram petriaSvilis `patara dinozavrebi~, zmnizeda

nj{ofcj

_ literaturuli zRapris kiTxva da analizi

_ wakiTxulis gazreba, saTando daskvnebis gakeTeba da dasabuTeba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ zmnizedis funqciaze dakvirveba, maTi marTlwera

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs literaturul zRapars

_ avlebs paralelebs xalxur zRaparTan, akvirdeba im msgavsebasa da

gansxvavebas, rac maT Soris arsebobs

_ avlebs paralels wina gakveTilze Seswavlil nawarmoebTan da

akeTebs saTanado daskvnebs

_ afasebs wakiTxuls, gamoxatavs Tavis azrs

_ martivad axasiaTebs literturul personaJebs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ Txrobisas iyenebs axladSeswavlil leqsikur erTeulebs

_ wers

_ qmnis martiv teqsts

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. Sesavali saubari _ maswavlebeli klass Seaxsenebs, ra aris zRapari,

rogor iwyeba da mTavrdeba qarTuli xalxuri zRaprebis umravlesoba (`iyo da

ara iyo ra~... `Wiri iqa, lxini aqa~...), ra aris zRaprebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli

(masSi moTxrobilia daujerebeli ambavi, xSirad cxovelebi da frinvelebi arian

mTavari gmirebi, mimdinareobs brZola keTilsa da borots Soris, yovelTvis

imarjvebs keTili); esaubreba literaturul zRaparze; gaarkvevs, romeli avtorebis

zRaparebs icnoben mTel msoflioSi (Zmebi grimebi, Sarl pero, astrid

lingreni...), riT hgavs literturuli da xalxuri zRaprebi erTmaneTs, riT gansxvavdeba

(literaturul zRapars aucileblad hyavs avtori, igi mxolod werilobiTi

saxiT arsebobs; xalxuri zRaprebi ki ucnobi avtoris mier aris Seqmnili

da zepirad gadaecema Taobidan Taobas, ra drosac masSi garkveuli cvlilebebi

Sedis).

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2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsti ikiTxeba Tavidan bolomde, SeiZleba gamoviyenoT

pauzebiT kiTxvac. pauzas maswavlebeli akeTebs azrobrivad dasrulebul

monakveTebTan da moswavleebs aZlevs SesaZleblobas, gamoTqvan varaudi movlenaTa

Semdgomi ganviTarebis Sesaxeb. gzadagza aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da

gamoTqmebi. garda `sityvis salaroSi~ axsnili leqsikuri erTeulebisa, moswavleebisaTvis

SeiZleba gaugebari aRmoCndes Semdegi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi:

Tavzesayrelad hqondaT _ Zalian bevri hqondaT, age _ ager, kide _ napiri,

bolo; mindvris kide _ mindvris bolo; mcxunvareba _ sicxe; gayoyoCdes

_ gaamaydes, Tavis Tavze didi warmodgena gauCndes...

maswavlebeli klass avalebs waikiTxon teqsti Cumad da Seadginon gegma,

romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

dinozavrebis cxovreba

patara dinozavris gaoceba

mzis ganawyeneba

mze da patara dinozavri

dedis gabrazeba

gaqceva

Jirafad gadaqceva

Jirafis sixaruli

3. teqstis analizi _ gairkveva, ratom iyvnen didi dinozavrebi TavianTi

cxovrebiT kmayofilebi (maT balaxi Tavzesayrelad hqondaT), ratom ver amCnevdnen

mzes (isini mTel cxovrebas balaxSi TavCargulni atarebdnen, ar ainteresebdaT,

ra xdeboda maT garSemo), riT gansxvavdeboda patara dinozavri danarCenebisgan

(man pirvelma aswia Tavi balaxebidan da SeamCnia caze didi wiTeli burTi;

mas mxolod Wama ar aintersebda), ris gageba surda mas (ra iyo is wiTeli burTi,

caze rom moCanda), ra swyinda (yuradRebas rom aravin aqcevda; dinozavrebs rom

araferi ainteresebdaT Wamis garda), ratom gaiqca igi (saerTo veraferi naxa danarCen

dinozavrebTan), ratom dakarga kudi (dedam daadga fexi), ratom ar swyenia

dedas Svilis dakargva (samarcxvinod miaCnda aseTi Svilis yola), ratom akoca

mzem patara dinozavrs (gauxarda, erTma dinozavrma mainc rom SeamCnia), ratom

gadaiqca dinozavri Jirafad (misi adgili aRar iyo dinozavrebs Soris, igi maTgan

gansxvavdeboda, mas mzis xalebi hqonda), rodis mixvda patara dinozavri, rom

wiTeli burTi mze iyo (roca Jirafad gadaiqca)...

4. wakiTxulis gaazreba _ moswavleebi adareben am teqsts wina gakveTilze

Seswavlil `dinozavris nakvalevs~; aanalizeben, ra aris maT Soris msgavsi (orive

teqsti dawerilia dinozavrebis Sesaxeb, orive maTganSi aRwerilia maTi cxovreba).

gairkveva, rogor aris aRwerili dinozavri pirvel nawarmoebSi, meore

nawarmoebSi (kiTxuloben saTanado adgilebs), ra gansxvavebaa am teqstebs Soris

(pirveli teqsti emyareba faqtebs, sinamdviles, masSi ar Cans avtoris damokidebuleba

aRwerili ambisadmi, igi gvawvdis utyuar informacias didi xnis win gada-

Senebuli am qvewarmavlebis Sesaxeb; meore teqstSi ki avtoris gamonagoni ambavia

moTxrobili, rac arasodes momxdara, igi sinamdviles ar Seefereba; aq Cans av-

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toris damokidebuleba moqmedi pirebisadmi _ mas moswons patara dinozavri _

Citebi mas ugaloben, igi yvelas uyvars... moswavleebi afaseben Tavis damokidebulebas

teqstebSi gadmocemuli ambisadmi _ romeli avtori iCens met sizustes

(pirveli); ratom (igi eyrdnoba sinamdviles da ara gamonagon ambavs).

wakiTxulis gaazreba xdeba `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ mocemuli testebis mixedviT

(swori pasuxebia: 1a, 2b). wyvilebSi sruldeba davaleba #2, damoukideblad

asruleben #1 davalebas. martivad axasiaTeben literaturul personaJebs: a)

patara dinozavrs, d) danarCen dinozavrebs, g) mzes, d) Citebs. gamoxataven saku-

Tar pozicias maT mimarT, asabuTeben Tavis azrs.

5. Txroba _ moswavleebi gabmuli TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss.

Txrobisas yuradReba eqceva axlaSeswavlili leqsikuri erTeulebis gamoyenebasac.

II. enobriv masalze dakvirveba

1. zmnizedis funqciaze dakvirveba _ davalebebi #3 da #4.

2. viTarebis zmnizedebis marTlwera _ saxelmZRvanelo, gv. 21.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV3, IV5, IV6, IV7, IV10, IV13, IV14.

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goderZi Coxelis `caswavala~,

Tandebulis raoba, Tandebuliani saxelebi

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ wakiTxulis gaazreba da Sefaseba

_ sakuTari azris dasabuTeba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ literaturuli personaJebis martivad daxasiaTeba

_ martivi teqstis Seqmna

_ Tandebuliani saxelebis gacnoba, Tandebulis raobaSi garkveva

_ punqtuaciuri Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs mxatvrul teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ martivad axasiaTebs literturul personaJebs

_ adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ wers

_ akvirdeba Tandebulian saxelebs, erkveva Tandebulis raobaSi

(zogadad)

_ varjiSobs punqtuaciaSi

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am etapis dagegmvas maswavlebels vandobT.

informacia informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

maswavleblisaTvis: goderZi Coxeli, Tanamedrove qarTveli mwerali da

kinoreJisori, daibada 1954 wels duSeTis raionis sofel CoxSi, 1978 wels daamTavra SoTa

rusTavelis saxelobis Teatraluri institutis kinosareJisoro fakulteti, aris avtori

wignebisa: `werili naZvebs~, `bindisferi sofeli~, `adamianTa sevda~, `mgeli~, `Tevzis werilebi~,

`bedis mdevari~, `caswavala~... aqtiurad muSaobda kinematografiaSi, aris aTze meti filmis re-

Jisori da scenaristi (`miwismzomelebi~, `adamianTa sevda~, `werili naZvebs~, `codvis Svilebi~,

`lukas saxareba~, `samoTxis gvritebi~, `mijaWvuli raindebi~...). gardaicvala 2008 wels.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsti ikiTxeba pauzebiT. I pauza _ `... balaxebSi gauCinardeboda~;

II pauza _ `gadawyvites sasamarTlo moewyoT CitisaTvis~; III pauza:

`... sabralo caswavalam Tavi muxlebSi Camala~; IV pauza: `... TviTonac gafrinda~;

V pauza: `ca ... sanavardod ixmobda yvelas~; VI pauza: `mdumared daeca balaxebSi~.

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TiToeuli pauzis Semdeg moswavleebi gamoTqvamen varauds movlenaTa Semdgomi

ganviTarebis Sesaxeb, Semdeg teqsts udareben sakuTar variants. teqstis kiTxvis

procesSi aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. upasuxeben maswavleblis

SekiTxvebs, romlebic ZiriTadad faqtobriv masalazea orientirebuli:

_ sad cxovrobda caswavla? ratom erqva mas aseTi ucnauri saxeli?

_ ras iZaxda balaxebSi Camovardnili caswavla? ratom tyuoda igi? ris damalva

surda am sityvebiT?

_ ra gadawyvites frTosnebma? ratom iyvnen isini caswavlaze gabrazebulni?

_ ra brali wauyenes caswavlas? ra ganaCeni gamoutanes mas?

_ romeli frinveli zrunavda caswavalaze? rogor SeZlo man Tavisi zrunvis

gamoxatva?

_ ra pirobiT gaaTavisufles caswavala?

_ ratom ver SeZlo man Tavisi sityvis Sesruleba?

_ rogor gamoxates frinvelebma Tavisi mwuxareba?

kiTxva-pasuxis damTavrebis Semdeg adgenen gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT

aseT saxes miiRebs:

vin iyo caswavala

frinvelebis gadawyvetileba

sasamarTlo

molaRuris sikeTe

caswavalas ganTavisufleba

gatexili sityva

caswavalas daRupva

patara saflavi gorakze

gegma SeiZleba Sedges klasis saerTo ZalebiT nawil-nawil kiTxvis procesSi,

koleqtiurad; SeiZleba gamoviyenoT jgufebad muSaobac _ klasi iyofa

sam jgufad, TiToeul jgufs dasaTaurebisaTvis eZleva teqstis garkveuli monakveTi.

gegmis mixedviT TxrobiT gadmoscemen wakiTxulis Sinaarss.

amave etapze werilobiT sruldeba davaleba #1.

3. teqstis analizi _ gaanalizdeba, caswavalas ra Tvisebebi Cans am teqst-

Si (uRonoa, susti, gansxvavdeba sxvebisagan, maRla frenis survili aqvs, ver

axer xebs pirobis Sesrulebas, Tavis uRonobas tyuiliT faravs...), frinvelTa ra

Tvisebebi Cans (sakmaod mkacrni da sastikni arian, gamonaklisia molaRuri;), ratom

arian isini ase mkacrni caswavalas mimarT (misi ar esmiT, Tavad ar izidavT

ca), ramdenad sarwmunoa maTi wuxili (aq SeiZleba moswavleebma pasuxis ori varianti

SemogvTavazon: a) maTi mwuxareba namdvilia, b) isini mosaCveneblad wuxan.

orive azri misaRebia, mTavaria moswavleebma SeZlon maTi dasabuTeba); riT hgavs

caswavala patara dinozavrs (orive gansxvavebulia Tavisi TanamoZmeebisagan,

maTi aravis esmis), ram SeuSala caswavalas dasaxuli miznis miRwevaSi (uRonobam,

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moZmeTa undoblobam), ra aris aucilebeli imisaTvis, rom mizans mivaRwioT (es

Tema klass SeiZleba sadiskusiodac SevTavazoT). teqstis gaazrebisaTvis `aqtivobebis

rveulidan~ Sesruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g). werilobiT

sruldeba davalebebi #2 da #3.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. punqtuaciaze varjiSi _ dafaze iwereba winadadeba: `mogrovda yvela

juris frinveli yvavi mimino RobemZvrala molaRuri Cxikvi orbi~. moswavleebi

svamen masSi sasven niSnebs da xsnian TiToeuli maTganis funqcias am winadadebaSi.

2. sinonimebze muSaoba _ dafaze Camoiwereba sityvebi:

jiSi

frinveli

sawyali

cruobs

gaCumdnen

Sekres

moilaparakes

moswavleebs evalebaT moZebnon maTi SinaarsiT msgavsi sityvebi teqstSi

(juri, frTosani, sabralo, tyuis, gaisusnen, gakoWes, iTaTbires).

3. rTuli sityvebis marTlwera _ saxelmZRvanelo, gv.

4. Tandebulis raoba _ dafaze iwereba winadadebebi:

`ca-ze yviTeli mze moCanda~, `caswavala ca-Si aiWra~, `caswavala gorak-Tan

daeca~. gairkveva, ras aRniSnavs gamoyofili bolosarTebi: -ze, -Si, -Tan. eZleva

saTanado daskvna. am codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV3, IV5, IV6, IV7, IV10, IV12, IV13, IV14.

momdevno Temis: naiara gelSvilis `ucnauri ambavi~ da ori S-s marTl wera

_ dagegmvas maswavlebels vandobT.

informacia informacia maswavleblisaTvis: maswavleblisaTvis: naira gelaSvili (1947 w) _ cnobili mwerali, germanisti,

mTargmneli, publicisti, daamTavra Tsu dasavleT evropis enebisa da lit. fakulteti, kiTxulobda

leqciebs Tsu-Si, muSaobda mxatvruli Targmnis saredaqcio kolegiaSi, 1993 wlidan xelmZRvanelobs

`kavkasiur saxls~, gamocemuli aqvs `moTxrobebi~ (1983 w), `ambrni, umbrni da arabni~

(1983), `dedis oTaxi~ (`987 w), `sarkis natexebi~ (2006 w)...

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hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

vaJa-fSavelas `bunebis mgosnebi~,

Tandebuli, ori T-s marTlwera

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli Txroba

_ paralelebis gavleba Seswavlil literaturul nawarmoebebTan

_ martivi teqstis ageba da wera

_ Seswavlil metyvelebis nawilebze dakvirveba

_ orTografiuli da punqtuaciuri Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ akvirdeba mxatvrul saxeebs da metyvelebaSi iyenebs maT

_ avlebs paralelebs vaJa-fSavelas adre Seswavlil sxva nawarmoebebTan

da akeTebs saTanado daskvnebs

_ agebs martiv teqsts

_ wers

_ imeorebs Seswavlil metyvelebis nawilebs

_ ecnoba ori T-s marTlweris wess da werisas iyenebs mas

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. Sesavali saubari _ maswavlebeli klass axsenebs wina klasebSi (gakveTilebze)

Seswavlil vaJa-fSavelas nawarmoebebs (`zamTari~, `Svlis nukris naambobi~,

`arwivi~...), gairkveva, ZiriTadad ra aerTianebs am nawarmoebebs (bunebis Tematika),

ajameben, ra ician am mwerlis Sesaxeb, ra daamaxsovrdaT, ra moewonaT, ratom...

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts Tavidan bolomde kiTxulobs maswavlebeli. gansakuTrebuli

yuradReba eqceva gamometyvelebiT kiTxvas, radganac moswavleTa

mier am teqstis sworad aRqma da gaazreba bevrwilad swored am momentzea damokidebuli.

teqsti ZiriTadad aRweriTi xasiaTisaa, Seicavs monologuri Txrobis

nimuSebs, amitom maswavlebelma gamometyvelebiTi kiTxvisas es momentebi unda

gaiTvaliswinos da amis mixedviT SearCios tempi, intonacia da fsiqologiuri

maxvilebi.

124


maswavleblis Semdeg teqsts nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebi, am dros

aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. garda `sityvis salaroSi~ miTiTebuli

leqsikuri erTeulebisa, moswavleebisaTvis SeiZleba gaugebari aRmoCndes:

cxovlad Canda _ naTlad, kargad Canda

simRera swyuroda _ simRera undoda

jagebi _ ekliani buCqebi

daadumos _ gaaCumos

moubari _ mosaubre, molaparake...

wakiTxulis gagebisaTvis maswavlebeli svams Semdeg kiTxvebs:

_ rogor xasiaTze iyo SaSvi?

_ ra swyuroda mas?

_ ratom aRar sZulda mas aravin?

_ ram Seuqmna SaSvs aseTi ganwyoba?

_ rogor gadaarCina man Tavisi Svilebi?

_ rogor gamoxata SaSvma Tavisi sixaruli?

_ romelma frinvelma ganagrZo galoba? rogor aRwers mwerali mis galobas?

_ ras adarebs?...

moswavleebi am kiTxvebze pasuxebs eZeben teqstSi da kiTxuloben saTanado

adgilebs.

adgenen Sinaarsis gadmosacem gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

SaSvis sixaruli

Svilebis gadarCena

SaSvis madliereba

SemoRamebis suraTi tyeSi

bulbulis galoba

moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen rogorc nawil-nawil, calkeuli

sakiTxebis mixedviT, ise mTlianad, gabuli TxrobiT.

3. teqstis analizi _ gairkveva, rogor aRwers mwerali bunebis suraTebs,

rogor gamoxatavs buneba Tavis madlierebas SaSvisadmi, rasTan aris Sedarebuli

bulbulis galoba, ratom iyenebs mwerali am Sedarebas, ratom uwodebs

mwerali SaSvsa da bulbuls `bunebis mgosnebs~, TviTon Tu daasaxeleben bunebis

sxva `mgosnebs~ (mgalobel frinvelebs), ratom uwodeben vaJas `bunebis mgosans~...

teqstis gaazrebisaTvis Sesruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g).

SeiZleba davaxasiaTebinoT personaJebic: a) SaSvi, b) vaso. gairkveva, adamianis

ra Tviseba Cans aq (is ar ufrTxildeba bunebas, masze bunebis mSveniereba ar moqmedebs...).

werilobiT sruldeba davalebebi #1 da #2.

125


III. enobriv masalze dakvirveba

1. orTografiaze varjiSi _ moswavleebi ecnobian ori T-s marTlweris

SemTxvevebs da am codnis gamoyenebiT asruleben saxelmZRvanelosa da `aqtivobebis

rveulSi~ (#4) mocemul davalebebs. am dros gansakuTrebuli yurad-

Reba eqceva marTlwarmoTqmas.

sruldeba `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ #3 davaleba (mcdarad dawerili formebia:

amJamaT, gamarjvebulaT, Zulda, mokeTeT, daviwyda, gamosaCekaT, sruliaT,

gadusansla, gamwara).

2. Seswavlil metyvelebis nawilebze dakvirveba _ davaleba #5.

Sedegebis kodi: IV1, IV2, IV3, IV6, IV7, IV10, IV12, IV14.

momdevno Temebis: vaJa-fSavelas `ia~ da a. wereTlis `gazafxuli~ _ dagegmvas

maswavlebels vandobT. momdevno 1 saaTi ki maswavlebels SeuZlia gamoiyenos

sakuTari Sexedulebisamebr.

126


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

guguli togoniZis `cvriana~,

rTuli sityvebis marTlwera

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ personaJebis daxasiaTeba

_ sakuTari azris Camoyalibeba da dasabuTeba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ deformirebuli teqstis aRdgena

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri bunebismcodneobasTan

_ sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba

_ rTuli sityvebis (erTcnebiani kimpozitebis) marTlwera

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs mxatvrul teqsts

_ martivad axasiaTebs literaturul personaJebs, akeTebs daskvnebs

da asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ agebs martiv aRweriT teqsts

_ agrZelebs mxatvrul nawarmoebs

_ wers Txzulebas teqstis mixedviT

_ avlebs paralelebs bunebimetyvelebis gakveTilebze miRebul

informaciasTan

_ akvirdeba erTcnebiani kompozitebis (terminis gareSe) marTlweras

_ akvirdeba sityvis semantikas (zedsarTavi saxelis magaliTze)

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba_ maswavlebeli am miznisaTvis klass sTavazobs `aqtivobebis

rveulSi~ mocemul #3 davalebas. igi gulisxmobs abzacebis dalagebas

imgvari TanmimdevrobiT, rom teqsti miiRon (pasuxebi: 3, 4, 2, 1). gaanalizdeba,

romeli mcenarea aRwerili am teqstSi, misi ra niSnebia CamoTvlili, sad izrdeba

igi, saidan iRebs misi fesvebi sicocxlisaTvis aucilebel sazrdos...

informacia informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

maswavleblisaTvis: cvriana cvriana (drozera) mravalwlovani (iSviaTad erTwlovani)

mweriWamia mcenare, foTlebidan gamoyofili webovani siTxiT iWers da inelebs mwerebs. cnobilia

misi 90-mde saxeoba. gavrcelebulia mTel msoflioSi. ZiriTadad izrdeba torfian WaobSi.

saqarTveloSi gvxvdeba misi 4 saxeoba.

127


2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi_ moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben nawilnawil,

gzadagza aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi; gairkveva, ra mcenarea

cvriana, sad xarobs igi (WaobSi), rogoria garegnobiT (patara wiTelyvavila

mcenarea), ra Tviseba axasiaTebs (mweriWamiaa), kidev romeli mcenareebia teqst-

Si naxsenebi (gvirila, cisTvala, yoCivarda, cximura, wylis bamba), sad izrdeba

es mcenareebi (gvirila, cisTvala, yoCivarda _ velze; cvriana, cximura, wylis

bamba _ WaobSi); raze dardobda cvriana, ras natrobda igi, ra rCevas aZlevdnen

megobrebi...

3. teqstis gaazrebisa da SefasebisaTvis daismeba kiTxvebi:

_ ra aris cvrianas wuxilis mizezi?

_ ratom uRalata man Tavis Cvevas da ar daiWira mweri?

_ ramdenad misaRebia misi megobrebis rCeva?

_ cvrianas ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi? (waikiTxon saTanado adgilebi).

_ misi megobrebis ra Tvisebebzea teqstSi miniSnebebi? (waikiTxon es adgilebi).

_ bavSvebis ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi? gogonas ra Tvisebebze amaxvilebs

mwerali yuradRebas?

_ ram mohgvara cvrianas sixarulis cremli? raze migvaniSnebs es cremli?

_ rogor cremls hqvia `sixarulis cremli~?

_ rogoria cvriana teqstis dasawyisSi? teqstis bolos?

_ ram Secvala igi?

_ ris Tqma surs mwerals?

_ rogor fiqroben, Seicvleboda amis Semdeg cvriana? (daasabuTon Tavisi

azri: a) cvriana ar Seicvleboda, b) cvriana ver icocxlebda oTaxSi, g) cvriana

iqceoda lamaz da keTil yvavilad). weriT asruleben #1 da #2 davalebebs.

teqstis gaazrebisaTvis sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g).

4. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmosacemad Sedgeba gegma, romelic daaxloebiT

aseT saxes miiRebs:

cvrianas dardi

megobrebis rCeva

cvrianas natvra

keTili gogona

sixarulis cremli

moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss gabmuli TxrobiT.

128


II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba _ moswavleebi arkveven romel pirSia Txroba,

ratom iyenebs am xerxs mwerali, gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss III pirSi.

2. intonaciaze varjiSi _ moZebnon teqstSi Zaxilis winadadebebi, gaarkvion,

ras gamoxatavs isini, SeurCion saTanado intonacia.

3. orTografiaze varjiSi _ akvirdebian erTcnebiani kompozitebis: cisTvala,

yoCivarda, mweriWamia, wiTelyvavila _ marTlweras, arkveven, rogor

iwereba es sityvebi (erTad), ratom (maT Soris ar Caismis `da~ kavSiri). am sityvebis

gamoyenebiT adgenen winadadebebs. asruleben `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ mocemul

#4 davalebas.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV3, IV5, IV6, IV7, IV8, IV11, IV12, IV13.

129


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`rogor aRmoaCines amerika~ (`jejilidan~),

ricxviTi saxeli, rigobiTi ricxviTi saxelis marTlwera

nj{ofcj

_ aRweriTi teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ miRebuli iformaciis gaazreba da Sejameba (vin?/ra? sad? rodis?)

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri bunebismetyvelebasTan

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ raodenobiTi da rigobiTi ricxviTi saxelebis gacnoba

_ rogobiTi ricxviTi saxelis marTlwera

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ yofs mas calkeul nawilebad da adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems teqstis Sinaarss

_ wers

_ ajamebs miRebul informacias

_ adgens martiv aRweriT teqsts

_ ajamebs miRebul informacias: vin?/ra? sad? rodis?

_ ecnoba raodenobiTsa da rigobiT ricxviT saxelebs

_ eufleba arabuli cifrebiT rigobiTi ricxviTi saxelebis marTlweras

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ es masala daukavSirdeba bunebismetyvelebis

gakveTilebze miRebuli informaciis gaxsenebasa da Sejamebas (horizontis mxareebi,

ruka...).

damatebiTi damatebiTi informacia informacia maswavleblisaTvis

maswavleblisaTvis _ a) a) qristefore qristefore kolumbi, kolumbi, zRvaosani (1451-

1506 wlebi), warmoSobiT genueli, cxovrobda lisabonSi, portugaliasa da kastiliaSi, andalusieli

vaWrebisa da bankirebis daxmarebiT SeZlo saokeano eqspediciebis organizeba, raTa, misi

azriT, umoklesi gziT ganexorcielebina evropidan indoeTSi mogzauroba. 1492 wels 3 agvistos

90 kacisagan da 3 gemiT Semdgari eqspediciiT gavida espaneTis navsadgur palosidan, gadalaxa

atalntis okeane da amave wlis 12 oqtombers miaRwia kunZul san-salvadors (bahamis arqipelagi)

da Semdeg moinaxula amave arqipelagis sxva kunZulebi, aRmoaCina da Seiswavla kuba da haiti.

II eqspediciam (1493-1496 w), romelic Sedgeboda 17 gemisa da 1 500-ze meti kacisagan, aRmoaCina

mcire antilis kunZulebi, aseve _ puerto-riko da iamika. III eqspediciam (1498-1500 w), romelic

amjerad 6 gemisagan Sedgeboda, aRmoaCina kunZuli trinidadi da miadga samxreT amerikis sanapiros.

kolumbma IV eqspedicia (1502-1504 w, 4 gemi) moawyo imave marSrutiT da miaRwia kunZul mar-

130


tinikas, hondurasis yures, nikaraguis, kosta-rikisa da panamis karibis zRvispira sanapiroebs.

kunZulebis aRmoCenas mohyva evropelTa mier am miwebis kolonizacia, adgilobrivi mosaxleobis

(romelsac kolumbi indoelebs eZaxda) ganadgureba da damoneba. am aRmoCenas udidesi mniSvneloba

hqonda, ramdenadac amerikis miwebi geografiul warmodgenaTa sferoSi mxolod kolum-

bis mogzaurobis Semdeg Sevida.

2. teqsti ikiTxeba nawil-nawil. teqstis damuSavebis gza induqciuria

_ damuSavdeba da gaanalizdeba TiToeuli monakveTi rogorc leqsikurad, ise

Sinaarsobrivad da azrobrivad. adgenen teqstis Sinaarsis gadmosacem gegmas,

romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

kolumbis werili

mefis daeWveba

mogzauroba indoeTisaken

mezRvaurTa ajanyeba

axladaRmoCenili miwebi

kolumbis Secdoma

kolumbis gardacvaleba

`axali qveynis~ aRmoCena

STamomavlobis madliereba

mxolod amis Semdeg kiTxuloben teqsts Tavidan bolomde. I etapze maswavlebeli

teqstis gagebisaTvis klass usvams ZiriTadad faqtobriv masalze orientirebul

kiTxvebs:

_ vin iyo kolumbi? sadauri iyo igi? sad cxovrobda?

_ vis sTxova man daxmareba?

_ ratom daeWvda mefe ferdinandi, roca kolumbis werili waikiTxa? ra iyo

amis mizezi?

_ rogor SeZlo kolumbma mefis darwmuneba?

_ ra daxmareba aRmouCina mas espaneTis mefem?

_ rodis datova kolumbma espaneTis sanapiro? ramdeni gemi da ramdeni mez-

Rvauri Rebulobda am eqspediciaSi monawileobas?

_ ZiriTadad vin iyvnen kolumbis mezRvaurebi?

_ ra qnes erT-erTi Stormis dros am mezRvaurebma?

_ rodis miaRwia kolumbma miwas?

_ ramdeni dRe dasWirda am mogzaurobas?

_ ra Secdoma dauSva kolumbma?

_ raSi iyvnen mogzaurebi darwmunebulni?

_ ratom gaasamarTles kolumbi?

_ rodis dabrunda kolumbi ukanaskneli mogzaurobidan?

_ vin iyo Semdegi mogzauri, vinc amerikis napirebs miaRwia?

_ rogor ukvdavyves kolumbis saxeli?...

moswavleebi am kiTxvebisa da winaswar Sedgenili gegmis mixedviT gadmoscemen

teqstis Sinaarss.

131


3. teqstis analizi _ gaanalizdeba, kolumbis ra Tvisebebi Cans am teqstSi

(igi Seupovaria, ukan ar ixevs, miiwevs dasaxuli miznis Sesasruleblad; metismetad

aris TavisTavSi darwmunebuli _ swored amis gamo dauSva Secdoma da indoeTis

magivrad amerikis kontinentze aRmoCnda); mefe rogor aris daxasiaTebuli

(eWviania, aravis endoba, magram xels uwyobs mezRvaurs, radganac mdidari

qveynebis damorCileba surs...), ratom gamouSves am mogzaurobisaTvis cixidan

damnaSaveni (es mogzauroba metismetad rTuli da mZime iqneboda), ratom aujanydnen

kolumbs mezRvaurebi (mogzauroba did xans gagrZelda), ratom ver mixvda

kolumbi Tavis Secdomas (kargad ver erkveoda rukaSi, metismetad sjeroda Tavisi

Zalebis, mecniereba ar iyo saTanadod ganviTarebuli), ratom moeqcnen Tanamedroveni

kolumbs metismetad mkacrad (man ver gaamarTla maTi molodini, ver

SeZlo indoeTidan Zvirfasi qvebisa da oqros Camotana), ra mniSvneloba aqvs TanamedroveobisaTvis

kolumbis aRmoCenas (man pirvelma imogzaura am marSrutiT),

ra moxdeboda, Tu kolumbi amerikis nacvlad marTla indoeTs miaRwevda (amerikis

kontinents mogvianebiT mainc aRmoaCendnen), ratom daerqva `amerikas~ es saxeli

(amerigo vespuCis pativsacemad), kolumbis saxeli ratom ar daerqva am qveyanas

(is ise gardaicvala, rom Tavadac ar uwyoda Tavisi aRmoCenis mniSvneloba, ar

icodnen arc misma Tanmedroveebma), rogoria dRevandeli sazogadoebis damokidebuleba

kolumbisadmi (keTilganwyobili _ mas Zegli daudges, misi saxeli

uwodes kontinenets, qveyanas, erT-erT Stats, qalaqs).

sruldeba savarjiSoebi #1, #2, #3.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

ricxviTi saxeli _ moswavleebi ixseneben ricxviTi saxelis raobas, eZeben

teqstSi raodenobiT da rigobiT ricxviT saxelebs, ajgufeben, akvirdebian,

rogor aris warmodgenili aq es ricxvebi (sityvebiT Tu cifrebiT), akvirdebian

maT marTlweras. sruldeba davaleba #4.

damatebiTi damatebiTi informacia informacia maswavleblisaTvis: maswavleblisaTvis: cifri cifri _ arabulad niSnavs `nuls~ _ `cariels~,

aris ricxvebis gamomxatveli pirobiTi niSani. yvelaze adreuli iyo ricxvTa sityvieri

Cawera, Tanamedrove cifrebis wina saxe warmoiSva indoeTSi ara ugvianes Zv. welTaR. V saukunisa.

am cifrebis gamoyenebiT ricxvebis Caweris poziciuri sistema swrafad gavrcelda sxva qveyneb-

Sic. evropaSi induri cifrebi Semoitanes arabebma X-XIII saukuneebSi. induri cifrebis moxazulobam

mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi ganicada. Zvel saqarTveloSi ricxvebis Cawera xdeboda anbanis

saSualebiT: anbanis pirveli aTi aso aRniSnavda erTeulebs, meore _ aTeulebs, mesame aseulebs,

meoTxe _ aTaseulebs... saqarTveloSi cifrebis gamoyenebis SemTxvevas pirvelad 1103 wels

vxvdebiT bagratis taZris warweraSi.

romauli romauli cifrebi cifrebi _ iyenebdnen romaelebi; savaraudod igi etruskulisgan unda momdinareobdes.

romauli cifrebis sistema emyareba specialur aRniSvnebs aTobiTi TanrigebisaTvis (I

_ erTi, X _ aTi, C _ 100, M _ aTasi) da maTi naxevrebisaTvis (V _ 5, L _ 50, D _ 500). amasTanve,

Tu didi cifri patara cifris win weria, isini ikribeba: XI=10+1=11; Tu piriqiT, maSin akldeba:

IX=10-1=9. ariTmetikuli operaciebis dros maT iSviaTad iyeneben, ZiriTadad gamoiyeneba rigi-

Tobis aRmniSvnelad (sukuneebi, wlebi...).

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, IV4, IV5, IV6, IV8, IV12, IV13.

132


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`marko polos mogzauroba~ (`jejilidan~), rigobiTi ricxviTi

saxelebis gamosaxva romauli cifrebiT

nj{ofcj

_ aRweriTi teqstis kiTxva

_ teqstSi gadmocemuli informaciis analizi da Sejameba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ istoriuli personaJis daxasiaTeba da misi Rvawlis Sefaseba

_ martivi dargobrivi teqstis Seqmna

_ rigobiTi ricxvis marTlwera romauli cifrebiT

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ ajamebs masSi mocemul informacias da ukavSirebs Tanamedroveobas

_ avsebs sqemas: ra vicodi, ra gavige, ris gageba mainteresebs

_ adgens gegmas

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ martivad axasiaTebs istoriul personaJs

_ wers

_ eufleba ricxviTi saxelis marTlwerasTan dakavSirebul orTografiul

sakiTxebs.

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am etapis dagegmvas maswavlebels vandobT, vTavazobT

mxolod damatebiT informacias marko polos Sesaxeb:

marko polo (daaxloebiT 1254-1324 wlebi, venecia) italieli mogzauri da mwerali.

veneciel vaWrebTan: mamasa da biZasTan _ erTad daaxloebiT 1271 wels zRviT mivida mcire aziis

samxreT-aRmosavleT sanapiroze, gaiara somxeTis mTianeTi, mesopotamia, iranis mTianeTi, pamiri,

kaSgari da Cavida Crd. CineTSi. aq 1292 wlamde iyo CineTis yaenis xubilais samsaxurSi da moinaxula

qveynis sxvadasxva mxare. 1295 wels wamovida samxreT CineTidan da zRviT dabrunda veneciaSi.

1297 wels tyved Cauvarda genuelebs. misi naambobi mogzaurobaze Caiwera tyve rustiCinom. ase

Seiqmna `marko polos wigni~ (1298), romelic warmoadgenda Zvirfas wyaros saqarTvelos, somxeTis,

iranis, CineTis, monRoleTis, indoneziisa da sxva qveynebis geografiis, eTnografiis da

istoriis Sesaxeb. wignSi mravaldaa Sesuli xalxuri Tqmulebebi, legendebi, leqsebi... iTargmna

mraval enaze. momdevno saukuneebSi misma informaciam didi interesebi gamoiwvia mogzaurebsa

(kolumbi) da kartografebs Soris.

133


2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi (maswavleblis gadasawyvetia, waakiTxos moswavleebs

orive Tavi da Semdeg nawil-nawil daamuSaos isini, Tu TiToeuli Tavis

damuSavebas calke saaTi dauTmos. Cven am ukanasknel variants vuwevT rekomendacias)

_ teqstis damuSaveba xdeba induqciurad _ teqsts moswavleebi

kiTxuloben nawil-nawil, gagrZelebiT. am dros aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da

gamoTqmebi; gaanalizdeba romeli qveyanebia aRwerili teqstSi (italia, monRoleTi,

CineTi); romeli saukunea (me-13), romeli qalaqebia naxsenebi (venecia, genua

_ italiis qalaqebi; pekini _ CineTis qalaqi, romelic im dros monRoleTis

dedaqalaqad iTvleboda), kidev romeli geografiuli saxelebia naxsenebi (kavkasia,

Sua azia, kaspiis zRva, sparseTi, afrika...), romeli istoriuli pirebi arian

gamoyvanili teqstSi (Tavad marko polo, xubilai xani, markos biZebi: nikola da

mateo); rogor aris aRwerili m-13 saukunis CineTi (aq monRolebi batonoben _

pekini monRoleTis dedaqalaqia da mas monRolTa xani ganagebs, CineTSi ukve

aris qaRaldis fuli, gamoiyeneba denTi, naxSiri, werilebs fostis saSualebiT

agzavnian _ qveyana sakmaod win uswrebs evropis qveynebs ganviTarebiT), rogor

aris aRwerili italia, kerZod, venecia (igi mezRvaurTa da vaWrebis qalaqia, ganviTarebulia

sazRvao mimosvla sxvadasxva qveynebTan, vaWrebi Soreul qveynebSi

xSirad miemgzavrebian _ nikolo da mateo erTxel ukve iyvnen CineTSi; qveyanaSi

jer kidev ar ician, ra aris fosta, denTi, naxSiri, mimoqcevaSia mxolod liTonis

fuli, mezobeli qalaqebi xSirad ebrZvian erTmaneTs _ genua Tavs daesxa

venecias...); moqmedi pirebis ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi (marko axalgazrdobidanve

gamoirCeoda WkuiT, siZlieriT, metismetad ainteresebda mogzauroba da

sxvadsxva qveynebis gacnoba; bavSvobaSi, roca is jer kidev vaWrebis Segirdi iyo,

sul sxva TvaliT uyurebda samyaros _ ainteresebda ara yidva-gayidva da mogeba,

aramed sxvadasxva qveynebisa da xalxis cxovreba, buneba, mTebi, mdinareebi,

uyvarda axal-axali aRmoCenebi _ swored amitom daarRvia xanis brZaneba da

sparseTis nacvlad sxva qveynebisaken aiRo gezi. sxvebi Tu Zvirfas qvebsa da saqonels

yidulobdnen, is yvelafers mogzauris TvaliT akvirdeboda. aris mtkice

xasiaTis, SeuZlia gadawyvetilebebis damoukideblad miReba _ man TviTneburad

Secvala marSruti; marko dajildoebulia mwerlobis niWiTac _ is ise dalagebiT,

zustad da sainteresod mouyva sakanSi Tanamesaknes Tavis Tavgadasavals,

rom am monayolis safuZvelze Zalze saintereso wigni Seiqmna... nikola da mateo

tipuri vaWrebi arian da surT Svilic aseTi gazardon, uSiSrebi arian, ramdenadac

ar ufrTxian Soreul mogzaurobas, imsaxureben pativiscemas _ xubilaim

maT Sor gzaze gaugzavna amala dasaxvedrad... xubilai-xani _ Zlieri mbrZanebelia,

radganac dapyrobili aqvs CineTis uzarmazari imperia, pativs scems evropelebs

da maTgan bevri ramis swavla surs, amitomac ar uSvebs vaWrebs Tavisi

qveynidan...).

3. gegmis Sedegena da teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi teqsts

yofen nawilebad da adgenen gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

(davaleba #2)

vaWrebis gamgzavreba veneciidan

axalgazrda mogzauri

134


ufrosebis sayveduri

stumrad xubilai-xanTan

CineTSi gatarebuli wlebi

gza CineTidan sparseTisaken

samSobloSi dabruneba

`wigni msoflios mravalferovnebaze”

am wignis bedi winaT da axla

am gegmis mixedviT moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss rogorc

nawil-nawil, ise _ Tavidan bolomde.

4. teqstis gaazreba da siRrmiseuli wvdoma _ teqstis gaazrebisaTvis

sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g). gairkveva, ra damokidebuleba

hqonda Tanamedroveobas marko polos wignTan (ainteresebdaT, magram Tan dascinodnen),

ratom iyo amgvari ormagi damokidebuleba (wignSi mravali saintereso

ambavi iyo gadmocemuli, magram mkiTxvelebs ar sjerodaT avtorisa), ratom ar

sjerodaT (imitom, rom Tavad ar hqondaT yvelaferi es sakuTari TvaliT nanaxi,

warmoudgeneli iyo maTTvis qaRaldis fulis, denTis, naxSiris, fostis arseboba);

ratom Seicvala am wignis mimarT Semdgom wlebSi damokidebuleba (imitom,

rom es yvelaferi sxva mogzaurebmac naxes da daadastures, bevri siaxle gadmoitanes

kidec; amave dros es wigni sxva mogzaurebs uiolebda miznis miRwevas,

swored mis mier gavlili gzebis aRwerilobiT Seiqmna me-15 saukuneSi ruka).

moswavleebi msjeloben markos gadawyvetilebaze _ roca man TviTneburad

Secvala marSruti. ramdenad misaRebad eCvenebaT es saqcieli? aq isini warmoadgenen

gansxvavebul pozicias, yvela azri misaRebia, mTavaria, SeZlon maTi dasabuTeba.

aseve klass SeiZleba sadiskusiod SevTavazoT sakiTxi: ra Seicvleboda

Tu marko monRolTa mbrZaneblis brZanebas Seasrulebda? (aqac pasuxebis alternatiuli

variantebi SeiZleba movisminoT. erT-erTi dasaSvebi pasuxia – es

aRmoCenebi kidev ramdenime wliT /saukuniT/ gadaiwevda.)

am etapze sruldeba weriTi davaleba #3.

5. teqstis ageba _ moswavleebs vTavzobT weriTi davalebisaTvis Txzulebas

Temaze `wigni samyaros mravalferovnebaze”

am teqstis agebamde moswavleebi gaaanalizeben vin dawera es wigni (marko

polos monaTxrobis mixedviT erT-erTma italielma patimarma, markosTan er-

Tad rom ijda genuis cixeSi), rodis dawera (me-13 saukuneSi), sad dawera (genuaSi,

cixis sakanSi) ra Sefaseba miiRo Tanamedroveebisagan (es wigni Zalze ainteresebdaT,

magram dascinodnen imitom, rom ar sjerodaT masSi gadmocemuli ambebi),

ratom Seicvala es damokidebuleba (momdevno saukuneebSi darwmundnen, rom,

rac am wignSi ewera, simarTle iyo). sruldeba davaleba #2.

6. wera _ moswavleebi axasiaTeben markos werilobiT, manamde zepirad asaxeleben

mis calkeul Tvisebebs, romelTac asabuTeben teqstis mixedviT, adgenen

gegmas da asruleben davaleba #3-s.

135


II. enobriv masalze dakvirveba

rigobiTi ricxviTi saxelebis marTlwera romauli cifrebiT.

moswavleebi teqstSi eZeben ricxviT saxelebs da ajgufeben maT: raodenobiTia

– erTi, 16, 3, 14, 5, 24; rigobiTia _ me-13, me-15, meore. ixseneben rogobiTi

ricxviTi saxelebis marTlweras, Semdeg ki maswavlebeli klass acnobs rigobiTi

ricxviTi saxelebis Caweras romauli cifrebiT, acnobs ZiriTad niSnebs, avarjiSebs

rigobiTi ricxviTi saxelebis romauli cifrebiT Caweraze. sruldeba

davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV2, 1V3, IV5, IV6, IV8, IV10, IV11.

momdevno masala: `qarTveli mogzauri~, rigobiTi ricxviTi saxelebis

marTlwera _ warmoadgens wina Temis gagrZelebas, amdenad mis dagegmvas

mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

136


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

nodar dumbaZis `mze~, sityvis semantika

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri bunebismetyvelebasTan (saqarTvelos mdinareebi)

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ teqstis konstruireba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ sityvis semantikaze dakvirveba (zedsarTavi saxelis magaliTze)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ akvirdeba mxatvrul saxeebs

_ adgens gegmas Sinaarsis gadmosacemad

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ wers

_ aRadgens deformirebul teqsts

_ alagebs zedsarTav saxelebs maxasiaTebeli niSnis zrdadobis mixedviT

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (6 wuTi) _ maswavlebeli klass avalebs Seadginon

teqsti saxelwodebiT `ganTiadi~, sasurvelia SesTavazos sayrdeni sityvebic:

`cxraTvala mze~, `oqros gvirgvini~, `mzis sicili”... am dros SeiZleba gamoviyenoT

jgufuri muSaoba. TiToeuli jgufi warmoadgens teqstis sakuTar variants,

romlebic gaanalizdeba da Sefasdeba klasSi.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ maswavlebeli teqsts kiTxulobs gamometyvelebiT,

gzadagza xsnis gaugebar sityvebsa da gamoTqmebs.

damatebiTi informacia maswavlebelTaTvis: _ ercaxu, erwaxvi _ mwvervali afxazeTis

kavkasionis mTavar wyalgamyof qedze, simaRle 3 910 m. misi CrdiloeTi kalTa damrecia, samxreTi

_ cicabo. samxreT kalTis 2 myinvari asazrdoebs mdinare CxalTis marcxena Senakadebs.

teqsts nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebic. am dros yuradReba gamaxvildeba

im mxatvrul saxeebze, romlebsac bunebis movlenebis aRwerisas iyenebs

mwerali; gairkveva, rogor aris aRwerili teqstSi ganTiadi: `igi (mze) dilis 6

saaTze amobrZanda da oqros jiRasaviT daadga ercaxus mTas~, `mzes gaeRima da

RvTiuri Tvalis garSemo uTvalavi naoWi gauCnda~, `mzem odnav aiwia”... yinulis

137


dnoba: `yinulis saltem gaiWriala da uceb gaskda~, `mzem... uceb imdeni naTeli

daRvara, rom myinvari Setortmanda~, `kavkasionis kalTebi, napralebi, xevebi

zaTqiT, guguniTa da Tavawyvetili zvavebis Semzaravi grialiT aivso. ercaxu

orTqlsa, nislsa da avardnili Tovlis buRSi gaexvia”... mdinareebis dabadeba:

`daiwyo. _ ra daiwyo? _ dabadeba. _ visi? _ Svilebis, badiSebis: kodoris,

fsous,...” `Svili uamravi gvyavs, badiSi naklebi, da bolos erTi uzarmazari

nagrami _ zRva~, bunebis mSvenebis gancda: `dedam Svilis xmaze erTi gaixeda

aRmosavleTisaken da ... ercaxus Tvali ver mowyvita”; ras uwodebs mwerali

`SeCveul saswauls” (mzis amosvlas), ratom uwodebs ase (es `saswauli” _ mzis

amosvla_ yoveldRe meordeba da adamianebs misi danaxva aRar ukvirT); gairkveva,

sad iReben saTaves dasaxelebuli mdinareebi (mTebSi, am SemTxvevaSi _ ercaxus

kalTeb ze), ra saxeliT moixseniebs maT ercaxu (Svilebi), ras uwodebs igi

badiSs? (im axal mdinares, romelic ori an meti mdinaris SeerTebiT miiReba), ras

uwodebs igi zRvas? (nagrami), ratom (yvela es mdinare zRvaSi Caedineba; amdenad,

ercaxus zRvis gaCenaSi sakmao wvlili aqvs) ...

moswavleebi teqsts akavSireben bunebismetyvelebis gakveTilebze miRebul

informaciasTan, ixseneben saqarTvelos mdinareebis saxelwodebebs, asaxeleben

im mdinareebs, romlebic Sav zRvaSi Caedineba.

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi teqsts yofen calkeul

nawilebad da adgenen gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

mzis amosvla

ercaxus Txovna

yinulis dnoba

mdinareebis dabadeba

dilis mSveneba

SeCveuli saswauli...

sruldeba davaleba #1.

am gegmis mixedviT moswavleebi gabmuli TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss

rogorc nawil-nawil, ise Tavidan bolomde. teqstis mixedviT aRweren

ganTiadis suraTs (davaleba #2). maswavleblis miTiTebiT cdiloben, gamoiyenon

da zustad SearCion saTanado zedsarTavi saxelebi. am savarjiSos SeiZleba erTgvari

Sejibris saxec ki mivceT: imarjvebs is, vinc ufro zustad da ufro met

zedsarTav saxels iyenebs.

4. teqstis konstruireba _ wyali (davaleba #4. pasuxebi _ 4, 2, 3, 1.)

5. teqstis gaazreba _ testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g)

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II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. Tematur leqsikaze dakvirveba _ teqstSi gamoyenebuli adamianTa naTesaobis

aRmniSvneli sityvebi _ Svili, badiSi, nagrami. moswavleebi akvirdebian

maT mniSvnelobas, ixseneben msgavsi mniSvnelobis sxva leqsikur erTeulebsac

(SviliSvili, SvilTaSvili, STamomavloba...).

2. sityvis semantikaze dakvirveba _ teqstidan asaxeleben im zedsarTav

saxelebs, romlebsac mwerali iyenebs zRvis daxasiaTebisaTvis (uzarmazari,

Tvaluwvdeneli, gauTavebeli, uTavbolo), Tavadac asaxeleben saTanado zedsarTav

saxelebs... sruldeba davaleba #3, romelic gulisxmobs msgavsi Sinaarsis

zedsarTavi saxelebis dalagebas maxasiaTebeli niSnis zrdadobis mixedviT

(swori pasuxebia _ mousvenari, celqi, Tavawyvetili; gacxarebuli, gabrazebuli,

ganrisxebuli; gacxelebuli, gaxurebuli, gavarvarebuli; aRelvebuli, aqafebuli,

azvirTebuli; SeSfoTebuli, SeSinebuli, Tavzardacemuli; gakvirvebuli,

gancvifrebuli, gaognebuli; gaxarebuli, aRtacebuli, aRfrTovanebuli).

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 8 , IV 10 , IV 13

139


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

nj{ofcj

kolau nadiraZis `mwuxri~, sinonimebi

_ poeturi teqstis kiTxva da aRqma

_ gamometyvelebiT kiTxvis Cvevis daufleba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ Seswavlil nawarmoebebTan paralelebis gavleba

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri (xelovnebasTan)

_ martivi teqstis Seqmna wakiTxuli nawarmoebis mixedviT

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs poetur teqsts

_ akvirdeba mxatvrul saxeebs

_ eufleba axal leqsikur erTeulebs da metyvelebaSi iyenebs maT

_ avlebs paralelebs Seswavlil nawarmoebebTan

_ varjiSobs gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaSi

_ qmnis martiv mxatvrul teqsts

_ wers

_ iyenebs teqstis Casworebis martiv xerxebs

_ afasebs sakuTar namuSevars

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli moswavleebs sTavazobs modundnen,

daxuWon Tvalebi, warmoidginon tye da Camavali mze (am dros saTanado ganwyobis

Seqmnis mizniT SeiZleba movasmeninoT musikac), aRweron es suraTi zepirad.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: kolau (nikoloz) nadiraZe _ daibada 1895 w

quTaisSi. quTaisis gimnaziis damTavrebis Semdeg (1912-1916 w) swavlobda moskovis universitetis

iuridiul fakultetze. iyo `cisferyanwelebis” jgufis TvalsaCino wevri. pirveli poeturi

krebuli (`baldaxini”) gamosca 1920 wels, ganvlo gza klasikuri poeturi azrovnebisa da

formebis uaryofidan qarTuli poeziis ZirZveli tradiciebis aRorZinebamde. mis leqsebs msWvalavs

daxvewili lirizmi. misi ZiriTadi krebulebia: `did gzasTan” _ 1946 w, `leqsebi” _ 1955 w,

`rCeuli” _ 1962 w, `leqsebi da Targmanebi” _ 1962 w... Targmna puSkinis, lermontovis, tiutCevis,

frangi potebis Txzulebani. misi leqsebi Targmnilia rusul enaze. gardaicvala 1991 w.

2. teqstis kiTxva da leqsikuri analizi _ maswavlebeli teqstis wakiTxvamde

acnobs moswavleebs leqsis saxelwodebas (`mwuxri”) da awvdis saTanado

ganmartebas _ saRamos bindi, SemoRameba, mzis Casvla... kiTxulobs leqss gamo-

140


metyvelebiT, sagangebo yuradRebas amaxvilebs logikur da fsiqologiur maxvilebze,

intonaciaze, pauzebze, tempze, xmis tembrze... akiTxebs leqss Tavidan

bolomde kiTxvaSi gawaful ramdenime moswavles, Semdeg klass avalebs, waikiTxon

leqsi Cumad da moZebnon gaugebari leqsikuri erTeulebi, romlebic aixsneba

maswavleblis daxmarebiTa da klasis aqtiuri monawileobiT (gamoiyeneba

`sityvaTa salaroc”):

sevda _ dardi, mwuxareba

saunje _ simdidre, ganZi

mze miiwura _ mze Cavida

almasi, lali, margaliti _ Zvirfasi Tvlebi

sagzali _ mgzavrobisas saWiro sursaT-sanovage, saWmeli...

axladaxsnili leqsikuri erTulebis gamoyenebiT moswavleebi adgenen winadadebebs.

3. mxatvrul saxeebze dakvirveba _ gairkveva, dRis romeli monakveTia aRwerili

am leqsSi (mzis Casvla, SemoRameba), ra SeurCia poetma saTaurad Tavis

nawarmoebs (mwuxri), ramdenad Seesatyviseba es saTauri leqss, TviTon sxva variants

xom ar SemogvTavazeben; ras gulisxmobs poeti `xeebis xaverdSi” (xeebis

Crdils); ra ganwyoba eufleba poets mzis Casvlis yurebisas (sevda); ras gulisxmobs

igi `mzis saunjeSi” (sinaTles, mzis sxivebs); romel Zvirfas qvebs axsenebs

poeti (almasebs, lalebs, margalitebs), ratom axsendeba mas Zvirfasi qvebi Camavali

mzis yurebisas (sxvadasxva ferad aris ca SeRebili), ra igulisxmeba `Rrublebis

sagzalSi” (Camavali mzis ferebi, Camavali mzis sxivebi)...

moswavleebi wakiTxul leqss adareben wina gakveTilze Seswavlil nodar

dumbaZis `mzes~, avleben maT Soris paralelebs, afiqsireben, ra aqvT maT saerTo

(orive nawarmoebSi mzea aRwerili, orive SemTxvevaSi mwerlebi mxatvrulad aRweren

bunebis movlenebs), ra gansxvavebaa (pirvel teqstSi aRwerilia ganTiadi,

mzis amosvla, meore SemTxvevaSi ki _ mzis Casvla, Sebindeba; pirveli teqsti

moTxrobaa, mere _ leqsi).

4. gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaSi varjiSi.

5. teqstis ageba _ moswavleebi Seswavlili leqsis mixedviT aRweren Semo-

Ramebis suraTs (davaleba #2), kiTxuloben sakuTar nawers, asworeben mas da

ukiTxaven megobrebs, iyeneben codnis TviTSefasebisa da urTierTSefasebis

formebs.

6. sinonimebze muSaoba _ `aqtivobebis rveuli~, davaleba #1.

7. Seswavlili teqstebis dasuraTeba _ davaleba #3.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 4 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 9 , IV 11 , IV 12

141


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

evgeni xaraZis `mze~, gamaerTianebeli sityva da

sasveni niSnebi masTan

nj{ofcj

_ sainformacio teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ miRebuli informaciis Sejameba da saTanado daskvnebis gakeTeba

_ sakuTari azris Camoyalibeba da dasabuTeba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ teqstis mokle Sinaarsis gadmocema TxrobiT da werilobiT

_ saganTSorisi kavSiri maTematikasTan (transferuli unar-Cvevebis

formireba)

_ martivi dargobrivi teqstis Seqmna

_ punqtuaciuri Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs martiv sainformacio teqsts

_ ajamebs am informacias

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss jer vrclad, Semdeg mokled

_ wers

_ adgens martiv dargobriv teqsts (amocanis piroba)

_ iyenebs maTematikaSi Seswavlil codnas konkretul SemTxvevaSi

_ ecnoba ganmazogadebel (gamaerTianebel) sityvas da masTan sasveni

niSnebis (orwertili, tire) gamoyenebis konkretul SemTxvevebs

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ Sedgeba `gonebrivi ieriSis ruka”:

sicocxlis wyaro sinaTlis wyaro

mze

kaSkaSa cxeli

142


damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: evgeni xaraZe, daibada 1906 w, gardaicvala _

2001 w, cnobili qarTveli mecnieri, astronomi, saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis prezidenti

1976-1986 wlebSi, Tsu reqtori 1959-65 wlebSi, saerTaSoriso astronomiuli kavSiris vice-pr-

ezidenti 1976-1982 wlebSi, uamravi Sromisa da saxelmZRvnelos avtori. misi samecniero Sromebi

exeba galaqtikis agebulebas, masSi myof varskvlavTa maxasiaTeblebis Seswavlas.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqstis damuSavebis gza induqciuria _

nawilidan mTelisaken. moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben nawil-nawil da maswavleblis

daxmarebiT aanalizeben azrobrivad dasrulebuli TiToeuli monakve-

Tis Sinaarss, ecnobian im informacias, romelic TiToeul monakveTSia mocemuli;

adgenen gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

mzisa da mTvaris mdebareoba kosmosSi

mzis moculoba

mzis dacileba dedamiwidan

ra mouva alams mzeze

mzis Sedgeniloba

mze sinaTlisa da sococxlis wyaroa

mzis energiis gamoyeneba momavalSi

moswavleebi saubroben TiToeul sakiTxze da ajameben im informacias, rac

maT am gakveTilze miiRes mzis Sesaxeb; SeiZleba Sedges sqemac: ra vicodi mzis

Sesaxeb, ra gavige, ris gageba mainteresebs. es samuSao SeiZleba Sesruldes

wyvilebSi an jgufurad.

teqsti gaanalizdeba TandarTuli kiTxvebis saSualebiT, aRsaniSnavia, rom

mze am teqstSi daxasiaTeblia mTvaresTan SepirispirebiT, amitom am momentzec

unda gavamaxviloT yuradReba.

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss

jer vrclad, Semdeg ki mokled. am mizniT gamoiyeneba `aqtivobebis rveul-

Si” mocemuli #1 davaleba: yuradRebiT waikiTxe qvemoT mocemuli winadadebebi,

aRniSne +-iT is winadadebebi, romlebic, Seni azriT, ufro mniSvnelovania am

teqstisaTvis (+-iT aRiniSneba a), g) d) v) z) i) k) l) punqtebi), Semdeg moswavleebi

mxolod am punqtebze dayrdnobiT jer TxrobiT, Semdeg ki werilobiT (davaleba

#2) gadmoscemen teqstis mokle Sinaarss.

4. teqstis gaazreba _ testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g). klass SeiZleba

SevTavazoT sadiskusio Tema: `mze adamianis samsaxurSi”.

5. martivi dargobrivi teqstis Seqmna _ davaleba #3. aq mocemul kiTxvebze

dayrdnobiT moswavleebi adgenen maTematikuri amocanis teqsts da xsnian

mas:

`mze dedamiwidan 150 000 000 km-iT aris daSorebuli, igi 400-jer Sors aris

dedamiwidan, vidre mTvare~.

143


_ ra manZiliT aris daSorebuli dedamiwidan mTvare?

amoxsna

150 000 000 : 400 = 375 000

pasuxi: 375 000 km.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

ganmazogadebeli sityva da sasveni niSnebi masTan _ davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 4 , IV 10 , IV 11 , IV 12 , IV 13, IV 14

144


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

rostom elaniZis `varZia~, sakavSirebeli sityvebi

nj{ofcj

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ informaciis Sejameba da saTanado daskvnebis gakeTeba

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema vrclad da mokled

_ saganTaSorisi kavSiri

_ sakavSirebel sityvebze (kavSirebze) dakvirveba da maTi funqciis garkveva

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ ajamebs martiv saganmanaTleblo informacias (ra vicodi, ra gavige, ris

gageba mainteresebs)

_ adgens gegmas mokle Sinaarsis gadmosacemad

_gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss vrclad da mokled

_ wers

_ aRadgens deformirebul teqsts

_ akvirdeba sakavSirebeli sityvebis funqcias winadadebebSi da

praqtikulad iyenebs maT

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli moswavleebs avalebs gaixsenon,

romel istriuli Zeglebs icnoben, ra smeniaT maT Sesaxeb (es samuSoa SeiZleba

Sesruldes jgufurad). aqve maswavlebeli klass esaubreba varZiis Sesaxeb da

uCvenebs saTanado TvalsaCino masalasac.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

a) rostom elaniZe_ daibada 1910 wels axmetis rn-is sof. CiRoSi, 1932-1938 wlebSi swavlobda

Tsu filologiis, Semdeg ki biologis fakultetebze, ganaTlebiT aris mecnier-zoologi,

biologiis mecnierebaTa doqtori, wlebis manZilze moRvaweobda saq. mecn. akademiis zoologiis

institutSi. samwerlo moRvaweobas eweva 1927 wlidan, roca pirvelad gamoqveynda misi leqsebi

gaz. `axal sofelSi”. aris avtori moTxrobaTa krebulebisa: `TeTri mTebi” (1951 w), `maswavlebeli”

(1954 w), `gia da yaSa” (1959 w), `tyis zRaprebi” (1961 w), `TeTri mercxali” (1970 w), `brolis

xeoba” (1981 w), `moTxrobebi” (1984 w)... mwerlis SemoqmedebaSi mTavaria istoriuli Tematika da

ekologia _ cxovelTa da frinvelTa samyaro...

b) varZia _ kldeSi nakveTi samonastro kompleqsi, XII-XIII ss. qarTuli mxatvruli kulturis

Zegli. mdebareobs istoriul javaxeTSi, aspinZis raionSi, mdinare mtkvris marcxena na-

145


pirze. samonastro ansambli Seiqmna ZiriTadad 1184-1213 wlebSi, akurTxes 1185 wels 15 agvistos.

gamokveTilia eruSeTis mTis kalTaze Sveul kldeze, ganlagebulia 13 sarTulad. misi mSenebloba

ramdenime etapad mimdinareobda_I etapze, giorgi III-is mefobis wlebSi (1156-1184 w), SemuSavda

gegma da gamoikveTa pirveli senakebi eklesiiTurT; II etapze, Tamaris mefobisas (1184-1185 w),

arsebuli gegma ramdenadme Seicvala, Catarda monastris rekonstruqcia, kldeSi gamokveTes

RvTismSoblis miZinebis taZari, moixata, damTavrda monzvnebis senakebi da saTavsebi, agreTve

TavdacviTi nagebobebi. IV etapi dakavSirebulia 1283 wlis miwisZvrasTan, mSeneblobis V etapze

ki Seiqmna didi satrapezo. monasterSi sacxovrebeli kompleqsis 420 saTavsia, maT Soris 25 marani

185 qvevriT. taZris moxatuloba qarTuli monumenturi ferweris mniSvnelovani Zeglia. am

mxriv sayuradReboa giorgi III-isa da Tamar mefis portretebi.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqsti ikiTxeba nawil-nawil, gzadagza moswavleTa

saerTo Zalebis aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, garda `sityvaTa

salaroSi” miTiTebuli leqsikuri erTeulebisa, moswavleebisaTvis SeiZleba

gaugebari aRmoCndes Semdegi sityvebi da frazebi:

cicabo _ Zalze daqanebuli (klde, mTa)

saTareSod _ asaoxreblad, TareSi _ rbeva, aoxreba

navardi _ laRi, Tavisufali frena; sanavardo _ adgili, sadac navardoben

naqalaqevi _ adgili, sadac adre qalaqi iyo

mxedrisaken gezi aiRo _ mxedrisaken gaemarTa

skore _ frinvelis ganavali, skintli

gonwasuli _ ugono, gulwasuli

daRadruli _ dakawruli

mowiwebiT _ moridebiT

sworupovari _ Seudarebeli, saukeTeso

nabudari _ adgili, sadac adre bude iyo...

eambora _ akoca...

moswavleebi erTxel kidev kiTxuloben teqsts Tavidan bolomde (am dros

SeiZleba gamoviyenoT Cumi kiTxva), Semdeg maswavleblis damxmare kiTxvebis sa-

SualebiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss. gaanalizdeba, rodis moxda teqstSi

aRwerili moqmedeba (Tamaris dros, e. i. me-12 saukuneSi), sad moxda (mesxeTSi,

mdinare mtkvris marcxena napiras), vin SeiZleba iyos teqstSi aRwerili Wabuki

mxedari (SoTa rusTaveli), ra miniSnebebia amis Sesaxeb teqstSi (moRvaweobda

Tamaris dros, iyo cnobili poeti, dawera sworupovari poema), misi ra Tvisebebi

Cans teqstSi (igi aris gabeduli, keTili da uSiSari, mokrZalebuli, aqvs musikaluri

niWi), Tamaris ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi (Zalze keTilia da yuradRebiani,

afasebs Tavganwirvas), rogor aSenda varZia, ratom daerqva mas es saxeli... aq

maswavlebels SeuZlia, gaakeTos mokle istoruli eqskursi da klass ganumartos

_ teqstSi moTxrobili ambavi xalxuri Tqmulebis safuZvelzea Seqmnili,

sinamdvileSi ki varZiis cixeqalaqis mSenebloba Tamaris mefobamde daiwyo. aqve

moswavleebi asruleben `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ moTavsebul #3 davalebas (ra

vicodiT Tamaris Sesaxeb, ra gavigeT, ris gageba gvainteresebs).

146


3. mokle Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi nawil-nawil kiTxuloben

teqsts da mokle Sinaarsis gadmosacemad adgenen gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT

aseT saxes miiRebs:

saSiSi mtacebeli

axalgazrda mxedris simamace

bavSvis gadarCena

mefesTan Sexvedra

mefis madloba

varZiis mSenebloba...

am gegmis mixedviT moswavleebi jer nawil-nawil, Semdeg ki gabmuli TxrobiT

gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss, asruleben werilobiT #1 da #2 davalebebs.

3).

4. deformirebuli teqstis aRdgena _ davaleba #5 (swori pasuxebia: 2, 1, 4,

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

sakavSirebeli sityvebi (kavSirebi) _ maswavlebeli dafaze wers winadadebas

_ `kaspiisa da Savi zRvebis Sua sivrce saTareSod da sanavardod hqonda~,

gairkveva, ramdenjer meordeba am winadadebaSi sityva `da~, romel sityvebs

akavSirebs igi (kaspiisa da Savi zRvebi, saTareSod da sanavardod), Semdeg avalebs

`da~ sityviT erTmaneTTan daakavSiron ori winadadeba: `mesxi frinvelis

sadgoms miuaxlovda~, `orbma safrTxe igrZno”. sruldeba davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 4 , IV 7 , IV 10 , IV 11, IV 13

momdevno Temis _ giorgi leoniZis `siyvaruli maS gaqvs visi?” dagegmvas

mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT, vTavazobT mxolod damatebiT informacias:

_ giorgi leoniZe, cnobili qarTveli poeti, daibada 1897 wels sof. patarZeulSi, sagarejos

raionSi; daamTavra Tbilisis sasuliero saswavlebli, Semdeg ki _ sasuliero seminaria (1918 w),

erTxans swavlobda Tsu-Si; misi pirveli leqsi `mcxeTa” daibeWda 1911 wels; 1916 wels gamosca

literaturuli krebuli `safironi~, 1923 wels misi redaqtoribiT gamoica kvireuli saliteraturo

gazeTi `baxtrioni”; 1931 wlidan saTaveSi Caudga saqarTvelos saliteraturo muzeums,

romlis xelmZRvanelic iyo 1953 wlamd; 1967 wels am muzeums giorgi leoniZis saxeli miekuTvna.

muSaobda enisa da literturis institutSi, iyo krebul ”literaturuli memkvidreobis” pasuxismgebeli

mdivani; leqsebis pirveli krebuli gamosca 1938 wels; avtoria mTeli rigi literaturul-mecnieruli

naSromebisa: `didmouraviani~, `sulxan-saba orbeliani~, `Sahnavaziani~,

`mgosani saiaTnova~, `besiki da misi dro~, `cxovreba firosmanisa”... misi SemoqmedebisaTvis mTavaria

patriotuli Tematika. gardaicvala 1966 wels.

147


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`aRmoCenebi~ bunebismetyvelebaSi, (Cexi mwerlis _ klara iarunkovas

_ mixedviT), marTlweris sakiTxebi: micemiT brunvaSi ori s.

pirvel pirSi uu-s

win vv-s

xmareba (gameoreba).

nj{ofcj

5 sanimuSo gakveTilis scenari

_ literaturuli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ gabmul Txrobaze muSaoba

_ paralelis gavleba Seswavlil nawarmoebTa Soris

_ saganTaSorisi kavSiri (qarTuli ena _ bunebismcodneoba)

_ moqmed pirTa SedarebiTi daxasiaTeba

_ moTxrobis gagrZelebaze muSaoba

_ weriTi metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ frazeologizmebze muSaoba

_ marTlweris CvevaTa formireba

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (4 wuTi):

maswavlebeli klass Seaxsenebs citatas adre Seswavlili moTxrobidan:

`merxze mxolod ydaRa iyo. sandrom mofarebiT aiRo carieli yda, undoda isic

daemala, magram maswavlebels rames gamoaparebdi?~. arkveven mesame klasSi Seswavlili

romeli nawarmoebidanaa igi (q. WilaSvilis `furclebi~). gaixseneben,

ratom iyo merxze mxolod yda (sakontrolo weris dros sandros xan SeeSala,

xan dasvara, xan Tavis batifexuriT naweri ar moewona, xan kidev mezoblis rveulidan

gadawyvita gadawera, gverdze yurebaSi asoebi xazs aacdina da aRma-daRma

Seafina iribad. yoveli dabrkolebis dros TiTo furceli amoxia da mxolod

ydaRa SerCa). sandros ra Tvisebebi Cans am nawarmoebSi? (daudevroba, sizarmace,

sicrue, Tavis mowonebis survili). risi Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis?

(tyuili ar daimaleba...). romeli andaza Seesabameba am moTxrobas? (rac mogiva,

daviTao, yvela Seni TaviTao).

maswavlebeli klass mimarTavs: dRes Tqven gaecnobiT axal moTxrobas `aRmoCenebi~

bunebismetyvelebaSi~, daakvirdiT da gakveTilis bolos gviTxariT,

ratom gavixseneT Seswavlili moTxroba `furclebi~, ra msgavseba da ra gansxvavebaa

am or moTxrobas Soris.

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (17 wuTi):

teqsts monacvleobiT kiTxulobs kiTxvaSi gawafuli 2-3 moswavle (Tavidan

bolomde), ganmeorebiT, nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da

gamoTqmebi:

148


unebismetyveleba _ bunebis Semswavleli mecnierebani (fizika, qimia, biologia,

geografia, geologia...).

iWaWeba _ mTel Zal-Rones Zabavs da ise icinis.

horoskopi _ (berZn. horo _ dro, skopi _ vuyureb) _ varskvlavTa ganlagebis

cxrili, romelsac adgendnen Sua saukuneebSi astrologebi ama Tu im

pirovnebis bedis sawinaswarmetyvelod.

ujredi _ organizmis agebulebis umartivesi erTeuli; cocxali nivTierebis

ZiriTadi forma, romelic damaxasiaTebelia cxoveluri da mcenareuli samyarosaTvis.

moswavleTa ZalebiT moxdeba am ucnob sityvaTa gaTvalsaCinoeba (sxvadasxva

winadadebaSi gamoyeneba).

tardeba gamokrebiTi kiTxva. maswavleblis mier dasmul pirveli donis

kiTxvebis pasuxebs moswavleebi saxelmZRvaneloSi amoikiTxaven:

_ ratom iyo daTo arxeinad? (`kaxasagan gadaviwere, kaxa ki yvelas sjobia~).

_ ra ganacxada daTom? (`me sulac ar vRelav, Cemi Tavis imedi maqvs~).

_ ra uTxra laSam daTos? (`nu trabaxob, magasac vnaxav~).

_ ra uTxra klass maswavlebelma? (`erTma Tqvenma megobarma... erTad dafaze

CamogiweroT~).

_ ra Camowera dafaze maswavlebelma? (kiTxva.... pasuxi....)

_ visi egona es `aRmoCenebi~ daTos? (`ratomRac vifiqre ... TavSekavebulad

iRimeboda~).

_ ra uTxra laSam daTos, roca SeamCnia, mas uyurebda? (`eg Cemi naweri ar

aris... rogor davwerdi?~).

_ rodis Sewyvites bavSvebma sicili? (`maswavlebelma male ganacxada: .... es

ki aravis aRar moewona~).

_ ra uTxra maswavlebelma daTos? (`Sen rom Tavidan bolomde gadaiwere...

ojaxs miakuTvne?~).

_ ras ambobda kaxaze gabrazebuli daTo? (`SeiZleba laSas adgilic ki gavucvalo...

modi da amis Semdeg ende magas!~).

_ ra uTxra saRamoTi kaxam daTos? (`- nu memdurebi... gakeTeba mindoda~).

_ ras ambobs bolos daTo? (`dakvirvebiT ki gadaviwer...~)

aqtivoba 3 _ orToepiasa da orTografiaze muSaoba (4 wuTi):

nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros yuradReba maxvildeba Znelad dasawer da warmosaTqmel

sityvebze: orSabaTs (orSafaTs) gvqonda (qvqonda), bavSvebi (bovSebi,

bavSebi), arxeinad (arxeinaT), gasagonad (gasagonaT), trabaxob (trabaxof),

gaakeTa (gakeTa), daasaxele (dasaxele), xeebi (xebi), klass (klas), metad (metaT),

magivrad (magivraT), ekuTvnoda (ekuTnoda), vuyurebdi (uyurebdi), geyofaT

(geyofad), vupasuxe (upasuxe), gavucvalo (gaucvalo), gadavjde (gadavJde),

iribad (iribaT), Wkviani (Wkuiani), Cum-Cumad (CumCumaT), dakvirvebiT (dakvirebiT).

(SeiZleba SecdomiT dawerili sityvebi baraTebiT davurigoT TiToeul

jgufs da gaasworon teqstis gamoyenebiT).

149


aqtivoba 4 _ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema kiTxva-pasuxiT (5 wuTi):

_ ra Secdomebi dauSva daTom werisas? (parkosan ojaxs miakuTvna weriTi

samuSao, mcenareuli ujredis gamadidebel xelsawyod miiCnia lobio da a.S. ...).

_ riT iyo gamowveuli es Secdomebi? (daukvirdeblobiT. arasworad gadaiwera

pirveli kiTxvis pasuxi kaxasagan, rasac mohyva danarCeni Secdomebic).

_ ratom gabrazda daTo kaxaze? (egona, kaxam Seiyvana SecdomaSi, ratom

dawera `weriTi samuSao~, Tanac iribado, swored es megona pirveli kiTxvis pasuxio).

_ rogor Serigdnen biWebi? (saRamos Sin ewvia daTos kaxa da siciliT uTxra:

nu memdurebi, sxva dros ufro dakvirvebiT gadaviwer, ra vicodi, rom Sen `aRmo-

Cenebis~ gakeTeba gindoda. daToc daeTanxma, Tumca moiTxova, kaxac unda gadaeCvios

striqonebis daqanebas, raTa SecdomaSi ar Seiyvanos adamianio).

aqtivoba 5 _ wakiTxulis gaazreba (4 wuTi): es nawarmoebi aris:

a) mxiaruli da gasarTobi.

b) mosawyeni da Wkuisaswavli.

g) mxiaruli da Wkuissaswavli.

swori pasuxia: g)

aqtivoba 6 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (5 wuTi):

a) sityvis xmareba gadataniTi mniSvnelobiT _

_ moswavleebi ukvirdebian romel pirSia Txroba (pirvel pirSi) vin

mogviTxrobs teqstSi aRweril ambavs (daTo), vis uyveba daTo am ambavs (msmenels);

_ romel `aRmoCenebzea~ saubari teqstSi (`purs Rebuloben mikroskopiT~,

`xeebi sunTqaven xorbliT~, `bunebrivi sasuqia fesvebi~....~).

_ vis ekuTvnis es `aRmoCenebi?~ (daTos).

_ vin iyenebs am sityvas? (maswavlebeli, kaxa).

_ ra mniSvnelobiT iyeneben? (ironiiT, dacinviT).

b) paronimebze dakvirveba _

_ `mikroskopi~ da `horoskopi~ laSas erTmaneTSi aeria, ratom? riT

hgavs es sityvebi erTmaneTs? riT gansxvavdeba? (hgavs asoTa SemadgenlobiT,

Semadgeneli 10 da 9 aso-bgeridan 7 erTnairia. amasTan TiToeul sityvaSi oTxi

marcvalia, aqedan sami marcvali _ ro, sko, pi _ erTnairia, gansxvavebulia mxolod

pirveli marcvlebi: mik, ho _ ramac ganapiroba am sityvaTa sruliad gansxvavebuli

Sinaarsi).

mikroskopi aris optikuri xelsawyo Zlier gamadidebeli SuSebiT, ixmareba

TvaliT uxilavi sagnebisa da organizmebis dasaTvaliereblad. xolo horoskopi

_ varskvlavTa ganlagebis cxrilia, romelsac adgendnen Sua saukuneebSi astrologebi

ama Tu im pirovnebis bedis sawinaswarmetyvelod.

maswavleblis daxmarebiT jgufebi asaxeleben analogiur magaliTebs:

mikroskopi _ teleskopi; Termometri _ barometri...

teleskopi _ optikuri xelsawyo cis mnaTobebze dakvirvebis sawarmoeblad.

Termometri _ temperaturis gasazomi xelsawyo.

150


arometri _ atmosferuli wnevis sazomi xelsawyo.

akvirdebian pirveli ori marcvlis SecvliT gamowveul Sinaarsobriv cvlilebebs.

aqve SeiZleba moswavleebma gaixsenon sityvaSi pirveli asos SecvliT

gamowveuli Sinaarsobrivi cvlilebebi:

mela _ bela _ gela _ Tela _ nela _ lela

neli _ veli _ geli _ weli _ seli _ beli _ celi _ xeli

guli _ suli _ fuli _ ruli _ muli _ nuli _ culi

puri _ Suri _ muri _ furi _ yuri _ curi _ Wuri

qari _ kari _ tari _ bari _ lari _ dari _ zari _ sari...

aqtivoba 7 _ Sejameba (4 wuTi):

moswavleebi ajameben, ra gaiges axali am gakveTilze (gaiges ra aris mikroskopi,

horoskopi. rogor cvlis sityvis Sinaarss masSi erTi asos Secvla.

gaiges rom Seni codnis imedad unda iyo, sxvis imedze yofnisas erTi daSvebuli

SecdomiT uamravi `aRmoCenis~ avtori SeiZleba gaxde da yvelas ironia daimsaxuro),

erTmaneTs uziareben TavianT STabeWdilebebs.

aqtivoba 8 _ moswavleTa Sefaseba (3 wuTi):

gakveTilis bolos maswavlebeli klasTan erTad sityvierad, komentariT

afasebs ramdenime moswavles. gasaTvaliswinebelia Semdegi parametrebi:

praqtikuli muSaoba (organizebuloba, SemoqmedebiToba da masalis floba),

msjeloba klasSi (aqtiuroba, sakuTari azris dasabuTeba, koreqtuloba);

urTierTSefasebaSi aqtiurad monawileoben moswavleebic.

aqtivoba 9 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`aRmoCenebi~ bunebismetyvelebaSi _ weriTi samuSao davaleba #2 (`aqtivobebis

rveuli~ _ `ecade, gaagrZelo es moTxroba~).

II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ gakveTils viwyebT wina gakveTilze mocemuli davalebis

(`ecade gaagrZelo es moTxroba~) irgvliv msjelobiT. varkvevT, waukiTxes

Tu ara TavianTi namuSevrebi megobrebs, moismines Tu ara maTi Sefasebebi. ra

Sefasebebi misces megobrebma, gaiziares Tu ara maTi SeniSvnebi, romel SeniSvnas

ar iziareben da ratom... wavakiTxebT ramdenime moswavles, klasi gamoTqvams

mosazrebebs wakiTxulis irgvliv.

moswavleebi Seavseben erTmaneTis pasuxebs (3 wuTi).

aqtivoba 2_ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema (10 wuTi):

moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen jer maswavleblis damxmare

kiTxvebis saSualebiT:

_ ratom ar Relavda daTo Sefasebis gamocxadebisas? (kaxasagan gadaiwera,

kaxa ki yvelas sjobda am saganSi).

151


_ ras acxadebs daTo yvelas gasagonad? (me sulac ar vRelav, Cemi Tavis

imedi maqvs).

_ mis ra Tvisebaze migviTiTebs es faqti? (matyuarobaze, Tavis mowonebis

survilze).

_ mixvda daTo Tavis Secdomas? ratom fiqrobT ase?

(daTo ver mixvda Tavis Secdomas, rac naTlad Cans moTxrobis bolo

striqonidan: `dakvirvebiT ki gadaviwer, magram kaxac unda gadaeCvios striqonebis

daqanebas, raTa adamiani SecdomaSi ar Seiyvanos~, ambobs igi).

_ Tqveni azriT, hqonda daTos kaxaze gabrazebis safuZveli?

(ar hqonda, mas ar dauSlia Tavisi naSromiT sargebloba daTosaTvis, romelmac

gadawerac ki ver moawerxa sworad).

_ ris Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis? (ar SeiZleba mxolod sxvis imedad

yofna, yovel saqmeSi sibejiTe da dakvirvebulobaa saWiro).

_ rogor gveubneba igi Tavis saTqmels? (mxiarulad, iumoris saxiT).

_ ram moggvaraT Rimili am teqstSi?

(daTos mier Sesrulebulma namuSevarma, misma `aRmoCenebma~).

_ ra saTauri SeiZleba SevurCioT kidev am teqsts? (`saWiroa yuradReba~,

`mxiaruli moTxroba~, `daukvirvebeli daTo~, rac mogiva, daviTao~... da a.S.).

moswavleebi teqstis Sinaarss gadmoscemen mesame pirSi gabmuli TxrobiT.

aqtivoba 3 _ moqmed pirTa daxasiaTeba (7 wuTi): (jgufebSi muSaoba)

maswavleblis davalebiT moswavleebi asaxeleben moTxrobis moqmed pirebs

(daTo, kaxa, laSa, maswavlebeli), asaxeleben TiToeulis Tvisebas (daTo _ arxeini,

Tavmomwone, daukvirvebeli, zarmaci... kaxa _ Wkviani, avtoritetuli,

Tavmdabali, iumoris mqone... laSa _ gamousworebeli zarmaci, uyuradRebo,

TavisTavSi darwmunebuli... . maswavlebeli _ taqtiani, yuradRebiani...), klasSi

adastureben TiToeulis Tvisebebs teqstidan.

aqve adareben erTmaneTs q. WilaSvilis `furclebsa~ da axlad Seswavlil

moTxrobas `aRmoCenebi~ bunebismetyvelebaSi. adgenen ra msgavseba da gansxvavebaa

am or nawarmoebs Soris:

(orive moTxrobaSi maswavlebeli yuradRebiania. `furclebi~ xom ase

mTavrdeba: `magram maswavlebels rames gamoaparebdi?~...

orive moTxrobaSi moqmedeba mimdinareobs skolaSi, gakveTilze, tardeba

weriTi samuSao, oriveSi moswavleebi (sandro, daTo) cdiloben sxvisgan gadaiweron,

oriveSi Cans mTavar moqmed pirTa erTnairi Tvisebebi (daudevroba, sicrue,

Tavis mowonebis survili, sizarmace). orive moTxrobas Seefereba andaza:

`rac mogiva, daviTao, yvela Seni TaviTao~.

am or nawarmoebs Soris is gansxvavebaa, rom daTom moaxerxa gadawera (Tumc

SecdomiT) da warudgina maswavlebels. xolo sandrom verc TviT dawera, verc

gadawera moaxerxa, imdenjer amoxia furceli rveulidan, rom marto ydaRa Ser-

Ca xelSi, amasTan, `aRmoCenebi bunebismetyvelebaSi~ mxiaruli da Wkuisaswavlebelia,

xolo `furclebi~ mxolod Wkuissaswavlebeli).

152


aqtivoba 4 _ weriTi metyvelebis ganviTarebaze muSaoba (10-11 wuTi):

moswavleebi weren moTxrobis `aRmoCenebi~ bunebismetyvelebaSi~ mokle

Sinaarss. evalebaT, imetyvelon mesame pirSi. (`aqtivobebis rveulSi~ davaleba

#1).

ramdenime moswavles wavakiTxebT da gavaanalizebT moswavleTa daxmarebiT.

aqtivoba 5: enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (3 wuTi) _ savarjiSoSi (`aqtivobebis

rveuli~, davaleba #3) erTi da igive zmna `Tqva~ ramdenjerme meordeba,

moswavleebs evalebaT saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi Secvalon igi SinaarsiT

maxlobeli zmnebiT _ ganacxada, uTxra, upasuxa, sTxova, hkiTxa. zmnebi ase Seicvleba:

pirvel abzacSi `Tqva~ Seicvleba sityviT `ganacxada~, meore abzacSi

_ `hkiTxa~, mesameSi _ `upasuxa~, meoTxeSi _ `ganacxada~, mexuTeSi davtovebT

sityvas `vTqvi~, meeqvseSi Seicvleba sityviT `vTxove~, meSvideSi _ `mipasuxa~,

merveSi _ `gvTxova~.

aqtivoba 6 _ frazeologizmebze muSaoba (4 wuTi):

yurebamde gawiTlda _ (Zalian Sercxva)

yurebis Camoyra _ (darcxvena, daRoneba, dasusteba)

yurebis gamoWedva _ (Tavis mobezreba zedmeti laparakiT)

yurebze xaxvi ar damaWra _ (veras damakleb, ver momerevi)

yurebSi bambis dacoba _ (gangeb armosmena risime, siyruis mogoneba)

yuris dagdeba _ (mosmena)

yuris mokvra _ (SemTxveviT risame mosmena)

yuris Sebertyva _ (gamofxizleba, Sesmena naTqvamisa)

yurisZirSi _ sul axlos, iqve, gverdiT...

(moxdeba am frazeologizmebis gaTvalsaCinoeba _ maTi gamoyeneba winadadebebSi.

nimuSi: yurebis Camoyra: `giam dRes dabali qulebis miRebis gamo

yurebi Camoyara~, yurebis gamoWedva: `trabaxam yurebi gamogviWeda TavisTavis

qebiT...~).

aqtivoba 7 _ Sejameba (3 wuTi)

aqtivoba 8 _Sefaseba (2 wuTi)

aqtivoba 9 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`aRmoCenebi~ bunebismetyvelebaSi~, weriTi davaleba #4 (`aqtivobebis rveuli~)

_ gamotovebul adgilas Casvi kavSiri (oRond, magram, Tumca, ki). (pirvel

winadadebaSi Caismeba kavSiri ki, meoreSi _ Tumca, mesameSi _ magram, meoTxeSi

_ ki, mexuTeSi _ oRond).

Sedegebis kodi: IV 1 , IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 10 , IV 12 , IV 13 , IV 14

153


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

keTili uCinmaCinebi (germaneli mwerlis volf brenekis mixedviT),

sainformacio gancxadeba

nj{ofcj

_ kiTxvis martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ dialogze dakvirveba

_ teqstis monakveTebad dayofa da dasaTaureba

_ sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba

_ literaturuli personaJebis martivi daxasiaTeba

_ wakiTxulis Sefaseba, daskvnebis gakeTeba da sakuTari azris dasabuTeba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ weriTi metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ diskusiis xelovnebis daufleba

_ sainformacio gancxadebis gacnoba

I gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba (9 wuTi):

maswavlebeli klass yofs sam jgufad da TiToeul jgufs aZlevs davalebas

_ gaixsenon sityvebi `keTilis~ gamoyenebiT da Seavson `gonebrivi ieriSis~

ruka, romelic dafazea daxazuli:

saimedo

mosurne

Sobili

mosagonari

keTil-

mezobloba

154

sindisieri

ganwyobili

gonieri

dReoba

ismyofeli


TiTo jgufi moifiqrebs da morigeobiT Cawers sityvas, amasTan unda axsnas

ras niSnavs es sityva. gaimarjvebs is jgufi, romelic met sityvas moifiqrebs:

keTilsindisieri _ patiosani, sindisieri;

keTilganwyobili _ vinc keTilad aris ganwyobili visime, risime mimarT.

keTilgonieri _ gonieri, windaxeduli, Wkviani; keTildReoba _ kargi,

bednieri cxovreba; keTilismyofeli _ vinmesTvis sikeTis msurveli da sikeTis

moqmedi; keTilmezobloba _ kargi mezobluri urTierToba; keTilmosagonari

_ sasiamovno mosagonari; keTilmosurne _ vinmesTvis sikeTis msurveli, visime

mimarT kargad ganwyobili; keTilsaimedo _ sruliad saimedo, misandobeli.

keTilSobili _ zneobrivad faqizi, didsulovani, kacTmoyvare, patiosani.

moswavleebi gaixseneben andazebs sikeTeze (`kargi hqeni, qvaze dade, gaiare

win dagxvdeba~, `erTi Txilis guli cxra Zmam gaiyo~, `sikeTis nergi ixarebs, dargo

Tund sipsa qvazeda~, `yveli da purio, keTili gulio~...). moigoneben, TviT ra

sikeTe gaukeTebiaT sxvisTvis, sxvebs ki maTTvis.

_ Seswavlili nawarmoebis mixedviT, rodis gaxdeba sikeTe muWa bzis fasi?

(`amqveynad sikeTis fasi araferia, magram Tu kacs sikeTes gauwevs da TviTonve

moiTxovs samagieros, maSin sikeTe muWa bzis fasi xdebao~, `erTi muWa bze~, III

kl.).

maswavlebeli klass mimarTavs revaz inaniSvilis sityvebiT: `loginSi rom

wvebi, Tu wuTiT mainc Segipyrobs fiqri, sadRac viRacas sciva, sadRac viRacas

enatreba logini, sadRac avadmyofi frinveli kankalebs buCqis Ziras, anda

cxoveli wkmutuniT ilokavs Wrilobas, _ ukve namdvili adamiani xar~.

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis kiTxva (14 wuTi):

maswavlebeli iwyebs teqstis kiTxvas. waikiTxavs rva abzacs, ris Semdeg 3-4

moswavle ganagrZobas kiTxvas. aixsneba ucnobi sityvebi da gamoTqmebi:

uCinmaCini _ vinc gauCinarebulia, SeumCnevelia, visac viTomda gauCinarebis

unari aqvs.

uCinmaCinis qudi _ (zRaprebSi) qudi, romelic adamians uCinars xdis.

Stabeli (germ.) _ wesieri, geometriuli formiT dawyobili saSeni an sxva

ram masala, SeSa da misT.

qvafenili _ qviT mofenili, mokirwyluli nawili quCisa (transportis

savalad)

kefis mofxana _ dafiqreba, orWofoba, gadauwyvetloba risame

ugulisyuro _ uyuradRebo

sixaruls sazRvari ar hqonda _ uzomod uxarodaT, Zalzed kmayofilni

iyvnen.

skveri (ing.) _ patara sazogado baRi qalaqSi.

RriWo _ igivea, rac RreCo _ viwro da grZeli WuWrutana.

faqtebze orientirebuli kiTxvebiT Catardeba gamokrebiTi kiTxva:

_ ra gadawyvites Vb klasis moswavleebma?

_ ratom ucdidnen isini mouTmenlad giorgis gamoCenas?

_ ra idea SesTavaza giorgim amxanagebs?

_ rogori iyo Sejibris pirobebi?

155


_ ra keTili saqmeebiT gamoiCines Tavi bavSvebma?

_ ratom ijda xolme stefane Cumad? ra iyo misi ukmayofilebis mizezi?..

(pasuxebs moswavleebi teqstidan amoikiTxaven).

aqtivoba 3 _ teqtis gageba da gaazreba (7 wuTi):

_ sad xdeba teqstSi aRwerili ambavi? (skolaSi)

_ ra Sejibris mowyoba gadawyvites bavSvebma? (CaetarebinaT `keTili uCinmaCinebis~

Sejibri).

_ rogori iyo Sejibris pirobebi? (axali saqmis mogoneba _ sami qula,

monawileobis miReba _ erTi qula...

_ CamoTvaleT, vin ra gaakeTa? (giorgi ucnobs uzarmazari, mZimed datvirTuli

urikis gagorebaSi daexmara; vanom saxlis win mdebare skveri daasufTava.

gigam winadadeba wamoayena sportuli moednis mSeneblebs qvebis Stabelebad

awyobaSi mixmarebodnen, nanam moifiqra _ skverSi silis carieli yuTi siliT

aevsoT. stefanem skolis fanjris RriWoebi amolesa, iataki SeakeTa, saRebavi

Sinidan moitana da kedlebze dazianebuli adgilebi SeaTeTra. bavSvebma moxuc

qals SeSa dauxerxes da daulages, kedlebidan Zveli afiSebi Camofxikes).

_ ratom hqvia am nawarmoebs `keTili uCinmaCinebi~? (sikeTes uCumrad

akeTebdnen; keTili saqme Canda, gamkeTeblebi ki-ara).

_ ramdenad misaRebad geCvenebaT konkursis pirobebi? (misaRebia, gansakuTrebiT

mosawonia, Tu vinme ver moaxerxebs sikeTe uCumrad akeTos, ori qula

akldeba).

aqtivoba 4 _ literaturuli paralelebis gavleba (5 wuTi):

`Zmebi~ (qarTuli xalxuri zRapari), `erTi muWa bze~, `sayveduri tyveobaze

uaresia~).

aqtivoba 5 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba (5 wuTi):

amoikiTxon teqstidan sulieri arsebiTi saxelebi, romlebic upasuxebs

kiTxvaze vin? (qali, kaci, amxanagebi ,mSeneblebi, bavSvebi, mezoblebi, giorgi,

koba, soso, stefane, nino, giga, vano...)

_ zmnizedebi: dRes, uxvad, Zlivs, mere, win, Cumad, axla, saRamos, iq, msubuqad,

uCumrad, ukan, win...

_ nacvalsaxelebi: me, Cven, isini, Sen, igi, man, mas.

_ kavSirebi: roca, da, magram, ki, rom, xolo.

aqtivoba 6 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (4 wuTi):

aqtivoba 7 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`keTili uCinmaCinebi~, davaleba #3 (`aqtivobebis rveuli~).

156


II gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstis kiTxva (7 wuTi)

moswavleebi kiTxuloben teqsts, gamoiyeneba kiTxvis yvela saxe, gansakuTrebiT

maxvildeba yuradReba gamometyvelebiT kiTxvaze _ logikur da

fsiqologiur maxvilze, tempze, tembrze... (teqsti dialogis formisaa, amasTan

bevria kiTxviTi da Zaxilis winadadebebi).

aqtivoba 2 _ teqstis analizi (7 wuTi)

maswavlebeli svams maRali donis kiTxvebs (analizsa da sinTezze orientirebuls),

moswavlem Tavad unda SeZlos wakiTxulis analizi da saTanado pasuxis

mofiqreba.

_ Tqveni azriT, romeli piri akeTebda yvelaze saWiro saqmes? ratom

fiqrobT ase? (zogis azriT, yvelaze saWiro saqmes akeTebda stefane, radgan

misi gakeTebuli saqme calkeuli pirovnebisaTvis, ki ara mTeli klasisaTvis iyo

sasargeblo; zogis azriT, giorgi, radgan Sejibrebis idea misi mofiqrebuli

iyo...)

_ am moTxrobaSi ra mogewonaT yvelaze metad? romeli gmiri mogewonaT?

(moTxrobaSi yvelaze metad mosawonia saqmis uCumrad keTeba, gmirebidan ki _

stefane, romelic uCumrad ijda da Tu ar SeekiTxebodnen, imasac ki ar ambobda,

ra gaakeTa, Tumc saxlidanac ki moitana saRebavi saklaso oTaxis kedlebis Sesa-

TeTreblad, albaT, fanjris RriWoebis amosalesi masalac Sinidan moitana, danarCenma

moqmedma pirebma verc ki SeamCnies TavianTi saklaso oTaxis SekeTeba,

ramac stefanes guli atkina).

_ ra ganwyobiTaa dawerili es teqsti? ram moggvaraT Rimili?

(dawerilia mxiaruli ganwyobiT. Rimilis momgvrelia amxanagebis SekiTxva

stefanesadmi: `viRac gamoCerCetebuli xalxi Segxvedria! sad muSaob?...~)

aqtivoba 3 _ moTxrobis dayofa nakveTebad da dasaTaureba (7 wuTi):

(jgufebSi muSaoba).

nawil-nawil kiTxvis dros TiToeul suraTs warmogvidgens TiToeuli jgufi

mosawoni saTaurebi daiwereba dafaze. gegma daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

mexuTeklaselebi giorgis molodinSi

giorgis dagvianebis mizezi

Sejibris pirobebi

nanas sityva

gigas mofiqreba

Sekreba paraskevs

Sekreba orSabaTs

stefanes ukmayofileba.

weriT sruldeba davaleba #1

aqtivoba 4 _ Sinaarsis gadmocemaze muSaoba (5 wuTi):

gegmis mixedviT nawil-nawil gadmoscemen moswavleebi jer calkeuli monakveTis,

Semdeg ki _ mTeli teqstis Sinaarss.

157


aqtivoba 5 _ teqstis gaazreba (3 wuTi):

_ moswavleebi msjeloben, am moTxrobis mixedviT, rogorebi arian mexuTeklaselebi:

giorgi, soso, koba, stefane, nana, giga, vano (axasiaTeben dadebiTad

_ arian keTili uCinmaCinebi, gamoyofen maT erT uaryofiT Tvisebas: uyuradReboni

arian, ver dainaxes stefanes mier gaweuli sikeTe). maTgan gansxvavebiT

mezoblebs (`netav vin dagvisufTava skverio~), moxuc qals (`netav romeli keTili

jadoqari damexmarao~).

aqtivoba 5 _ weriTi samuSao (10 wuTi):

Seswavlili teqstis mixedviT dawereT `mxiaruli Sejibri~ (aqtivobebis

rveuli, davaleba #1).

aqtivoba 6 _ gramatikul masalaze muSaoba (10 wuTi):

ramdeni kiTxviTi winadadebaa teqstSi? (rva), romeli maTgani Seicavs kiTxviT

sityvas? (`sad daikarga giorgi?~ `rogor Tu gzadagza fiqrobdi?~ `ra moxda?~,

`ra SuaSia aq Sejibri?~, `sad muSaob~?). rogor unda wavikiTxoT es winadadebebi?

sad avumaRlebT xmas? (kiTxviT sityvaze _ sad, rogor, ra, sad).

_ ramdeni Zaxilis winadadebaa teqstSi? (TxuTmeti)

_ ras gamoxatavs TiToeuli maTgani? (daRonebas, aRtacebas, gakvirvebas,

sixaruls, mwuxarebas, dananebas...) kiTxuloben am winadadebebs saTanado intonaciiT.

sasurvelia, Zaxilis winadadebaze muSaobisas gamoviyenoT jgufebSi

muSaoba. TiToeul jgufs baraTis saxiT mivawodoT xuTi winadadeba. gverdiT

miuweron, ras gamoxatavs TiToeuli maTgani: (imis gasarkvevad, Tu ra grZnobaa

gamoxa tuli ama Tu im winadadebaSi, SeiZleba gamoiyenon teqstic).

baraTi I

1. iqneb daemarTa rame! (mwuxarebas)

2. biWos! es kargi gasarTobi iqneba! (aRtacebas)

3. netav genaxaT, rogor gaukvirda mas, roca urika ase msubuqad gamovida

qvafenilze! (sixaruls)

4. pirdapir sasacilo ambebi xdeba! (aRtaceba)

5. Cven ki isev SeumCnevlebi varT! (dananebas)

baraTi II

1. naxeT ra mouva bavSvebs, amden silas rom dainaxaven! (sixaruls)

2. me ufro ukeTesi ram movigone! (aRtaceba)

3. sad da Cvens saklaso oTaxSi! (dananebas)

4. amden saqmes uxmaurod rogor akeTeben! (gakvirvebas)

5. ai, ra movifiqre! (sixaruls)

158


araTi III

1. ai, sad aris saWiro Seni daxmareba! (mowodebas)

2. rogor gaukvirdebaT, xval oTxi Stabeli rom laxvdebaT! (sixaruls)

3. mkiTxaoben _ netavi vis unda eqnao! (aRtacebas)

4. viRac gamoCerCetebuli xalxi Segxvedria! (gakvirvebas)

5. ori qula davkarge! (daRonebas)

aqtivoba 7 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (3-4 wuTi):

aqtivoba 8 _ saSinao davaleba (2-3 wuTi) `aqtivobebis rveuli, davaleba #2.

III gakveTili

aqtivoba 1 _ teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema da analizi (14 wuTi):

moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss. yuradReba eqceva teqstis Sinaarsis

mesame pirSi gadmocemas, faqtebis logikur Tanmimdevrobas, orToepiasa

da intonacias.

teqstis saanalizod moswavleebi erTmaneTs dausvamen kiTxvebs (wyvilebSi

muSaoba), afaseben am SekiTxvebze miRebul pasuxebs.

msjeloben moqmed pirTa saqcielze, afaseben maT, gamoTqvamen sakuTar

azrs da asabuTeben, martivad axasiaTeben literaturul personaJebs, iyeneben

teqsts.

msjeloben, ris Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis (aucilebelia adamians

hqondes rogorc sikeTis uCumrad keTebis, aseve sikeTis danaxvis unari).

msjeloben sad da rodis miuRiaT monawileoba konkursSi, uCumrad Tu daxmarebian

vinmes.

aqtivoba 1 _ paralelis gavleba Seswavlil teqstebTan (7 wuTi):

moswavleebi erTxel kidev gaixseneben uCinari biWebis mier gakeTebul

keTil saqmeebs `keTili uCinmaCinebis~ mixedviT _ ra uwoda uCinar biWebs moxucma

qalma (keTili jadoqrebi).

_ romeli Seswavlili moTxroba gagaxsenaT sityvebma: `sikeTe~ `uCinari~

(moTxroba `sikeTe~ (III kl.). gaixseneben rogor moevlina RamiT sikeTeze meocnebe

biWs uCinari, rogor Sehpirda igi biWs ocnebis Sesrulebas sikeTis keTebis

sanacvlod), riT bolovdeba es moTxroba?

(mas Semdeg yvelam icoda `qveyana sikeTe~, romelzec odesme RmerTi Camosvlas

inebebs~).

gaixseneT romeli moTxrobidanaa `swored es aris sikeTis daunaxavoba! _

naRvlianad aSrialda muxis foToli da RamiT dadenili cis nami cremlebad

eqca~.

(`gazafxuli movida~ (II klasi). muxis foToli yoCivardas mTeli zamTari

159


sabaniviT zed efara, raTa yinvas ar daezro, qars ar amoeTxara miwidan~, gazafxulze

ki yoCivardam Tqva: `saidan moCerCetdao~, romelmac guli atkina muxis

foTols).

gaixseneben Seswavlil andazebs sikeTeze.

aqtivoba 3 _ diskusia gamonaTqvamis _ `sikeTe mzis Suqsa hgavs _ anaTebs

da aTbobs~ _ irgvliv (7 wuTi):

klasi iyofa sam jgufad. TiToeuli jgufi gvTavazobs Tavis mosazrebas

gamonaTqvamis irgvliv. aucilebelia am mosazrebis dasabuTeba moqmedebs principi:

yvelas azri sayuradReboa. maswavlebeli ar ereva moswavleTa pasuxebSi,

aZlevs molod gezs, rom sworad warimarTos diskusia da ar miiRos dapirispirebis

xasiaTi. moswavleebi ixseneben magaliTebs Seswavlili teqstebidan, piradi

cxovrebidan, am etapze mTavaria ara mxolod WeSmaritebis Zieba, aramed diskusiis

xelovnebis TandaTan daufleba, mosmena, sxvisi azris pativiscema, saku-

Tari mosazrebis Camoyalibeba da dasabuTeba.

aqtivoba 4 _ enobriv masalaze dakvirveba 12 wuTi:

moswavleebi kiTxuloben dafaze winaswar dawerils.

gancxadeba

dRes, 18 aprils, gakveTilebis Semdeg yvelani vrCebiT saklaso oTaxSi. visaubrebT

Sejibris kvireulze.

keTili uCinmaCinebi.

arkveven: _ ra RonisZiebis Sesaxeb aris miTiTebuli am gancxadebaSi, sad

tardeba es RonisZieba, rodis tardeba da vin awers xels am gancxadebas.

_ amgvar gancxadebas sainformacio gancxadeba ewodeba, acnobs klass maswavlebeli

da TviT moswavleebi kiTxuloben saxelmZRvaneloSi, ras isaxavs miznad

sainformacio gancxadeba, ra unda iyos masSi srulad miTiTebuli (gv. ).

asruleben `aqtivobebis rveulSi~ me-4 davalebis a punqts: `Seadgine sainformacio

gancxadeba Temaze `eqskursiis mowyoba~:

nimuSi:

gancxadeba

kviras, 25 maiss, IVb klasi awyobs eqskursias mcxeTaSi. vikribebiT skolasTan

dilis 8 saaTze.

meoTxeklaselebi.

aqtivoba 5 _ Sejameba da Sefaseba (3 wuTi)

aqtivoba 6 _ saSinao davaleba (2 wuTi):

`keTili uCinmaCinebi~ sainformacio gancxadeba sazeimo dResaswaulis mowyobaze

(`aqtivobebis rveuli~, davaleba #4 b).

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 7 , IV 9 , IV 10 , IV 11 , IV 12

160


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

`orSabaTi mZime dRea~ (nawyveti mark tvenis `tom soieris

Tavgadasavlidan~), miznobrivi teqstis ageba _ gancxadeba

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli nawarmoebis kiTxva da analizi

_ kiTxvisa da weris martivi strategiebis daufleba

_ mokle Sinaarsis gadmocema

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ kritikuli azrovnebis formireba

_ martivi miznobrivi teqstis _ gancxadeba _ ageba

_ orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavleebi kiTxuloben da aanalizeben mxatvrul teqsts

_ yofen mas calkeul nawilebad da adgenen gegmas mokle Sinaarsis

gadmosacemad

_ gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss jer vrclad, Semdeg _ mokled

_ akeTeben daskvnebs, asabuTeben Tavis azrs

_ ageben martiv miznobriv teqsts (gancxadeba)

_ weren

_ muSaoben wyvilebSi, jgufurad

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ moswavleebi ixseneben wina wels Seswavlil nawyvets

`tom soieris Tavgadasavlidan” _ `moxerxebuli tomi” (zogierTs SeiZleba

wakiTxulic hqondes sruli teqsti); ixseneben, vin aris am nawarmoebis avtori,

vin aris tomi, sad da rodis xdeba am nawarmoebSi aRwerili ambavi, tomis ra moqmedeba

daamaxsovrdaT, misi ra Tvisebebia maTTvis misaRebi an miuRebeli...

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: mark tveni (samuel klemanso), 1835-1910

wlebi, cnobili amerikeli mwerali, amerikuli kritikuli realizmis fuZemdebeli, sabavSvo literaturis

klasikosi; iyo asoTamwyobis Segirdi, locmani, oqros maZiebeli; Jurnal-gazeTebSi

aqveynebda iumoristul nawarmoebebs, pamfletebs, statiebs, reportaJebs; mis SemoqmedebaSi gamoirCeva

`tom soieris Tavgadasavali~, romelic avtobiografiuli Seferilobisaa; `ufliswuli

da maTxovari~, romelic istoriul Temazea Seqmnili; `heklberi finis Tavgadasavali~, romelSic

gakritikebulia monoba, rac udides problemas warmoadgenda imdroindeli amerikuli sazogadoebisaTvis.

mark tvenis Semoqmedebis safuZvelia xalxuri iumori; man amerikul moTxrobas misca

sruliad axali ieri da Seitana masSi satiruli karikatura, komizmi, komikuris tragikulTan

moulodneli Serwyma. mTel mis Semoqmedebas gasdevs Rrma demokratizmi da humanizmi.

161


2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi: moswavleebi teqsts kiTxuloben nawil-nawil,

gzadagza maswavleblis daxmarebiTa da klasis aqtiuri monawileobiT aixsneba

gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. kiTxvis damTavrebis Semdeg daismis teqstis

Sinaarsze orientirebuli kiTxvebi:

_ ratom iyo tom soieri cud gunebaze?

_ ras uwodebda igi skolaSi yofnas?

_ ra xerxs mimarTa man?

_ ra anderZs ibarebda tomi?

_ ratom SeSinda misi Zma?

_ ratom gaecina deida pols?

_ ra Sedegi mohyva tomis mcdelobas, darCeniliyo Sin?

_ ratom iyo iZulebuli tomi, wasuliyo skolaSi?

teqstis analizisaTvis daismis kiTxvebi:

_ ras uwodebs tomi `wamebas”? ratom?

_ rogor fiqrobT, ramdenad damajerebeli iyo tomis tyuili?

_ ratom ar daijera deidas biWis avadmyofoba?

_ Tqveni azriT, toms sxva avadmyofoba rom moegonebina, daujerebda mas

deida?

_ tomis ra Tvisebebi Cans am nawarmoebSi? (daasabuTeT teqstidan)

_ ra andazebi gagaxsendaT teqstis kiTxvisas? (`tyuils mokle fexebi aqvs,”

`rac mogiva, daviTao, yvela Seni TaviTao~, `qurds rom yuri ugdo, dReSi asjer

gamotydebao”...)

_ Tqveni azriT, ra aris sasacilo am nawarmoebSi?

_ rogor fiqrobT, moswons mwerals tomis saqcieli? ratom fiqrobT ase?

_ Tqvenc xom ar SegmTxveviaT msgavsi ram?

_ rogor fiqrobT, ra gadaxdeboda im dRes skolaSi toms?...

_ waikiTxeT teqstidan is adgili, saidanac Cans, rom a) toms ar uyvars swavla,

b) toms emarjveba tyuilis Tqma, g) deida pols Zalian uyvars tomi da zrunavs

masze, d) tomi ver erkveva medicinaSi...

_ Tqveni azriT, sworad aqvs am nawyvets saTauri SerCeuli?

3. Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi nawil-nawil kiTxuloben teqsts da

TiToeul azrobrivad dasrulebul monakveTs urCeven saTaurs, Tanac cdiloben,

rom teqstSi moZebnon mxolod arsebiTi da ZiriTadi, adgenen `mokle gegmas~,

romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

a) tomis fiqrebi

b) misi gadawyvetileba

g) toms TiTi stkiva

d) anderZi

e) deidas SiSi

v) tyuils mokle fexi aqvs (davaleba 1)

am gegmis mixedviT moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis mokle Sinaarss, Semdeg

sakuTari SexedulebiT irCeven erT-erT sakiTxs da werilobiT gadmoscemen sa-

Tanado monakveTis Sinaarss (davaleba #2).

162


4. wyvilebSi muSaoba _ davaleba #4 _ moswavleebi sakuTari fantaziis

mixedviT amTavreben tomis `anderZs” da weren mas.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. orTografiaze varjiSi _ moZebneT teqstSi sityvebi, romlebic iwereba

ori m-Ti (tomma), ori s-Ti (tanisamoss), ratom iwereba aq ori m? ori s? moZebneT

is sityvebi, romelTa marTlwarmoTqma da marTlwera erTmaneTs ar emTxveva

(avad, avadmyofoba, daayovnebs, ekvroda...)

2. martivi miznobrivi teqstis Seqmna _ moswavleebi ecnobian gancxadebis

Sinaarss; wesebs, romelTa mixedviTac unda daiweros igi; ra da ra nawilebisagan

Sedgeba (vis miemarTeba igi, vin wers am gancxadebas, ZiriTadi teqsti, xelis

mowera, TariRi), sad, furclis romel mxares iwereba esa Tu is nawili... nimuSis

mixedviT moswavleebi Tavadac qmnian analogiur teqstebs (davaleba #4).

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 4 , IV 6 , IV 8 , IV 9 , IV 10 , IV 11 , IV 14

163


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

Cesterfildis `mamis werili cxra wlis vaJiSvils~,

sakomunikacio teqstis ageba

nj{ofcj

_ teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ wakiTxulis Sefaseba da saTanado daskvnebis gakeTeba

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ sakomunikaco teqstis ageba da wera (werili axlobels)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavleebi kiTxuloben da aanalizeben teqsts

_ afaseben wakiTxuls, akeTeben daskvnebs, asabuTeben sakuTar azrs

_ gadmoscemen wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ ageben martiv sakomunikacio teqsts (werili axlobels)

_ weren

I. gakveTilis msvleloba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli svams SekiTxvas _ Tu miuweriaT

rodesme werili axloblisaTvis da ra saSualeba gamouyenebiaT amisaTvis (fosta,

eleqtrofosta), fostiT gagzavnisas ra aris saWiro (konverti, romelsac

aucileblad aqvs marka), ris miTiTebaa aucilebeli (misamarTis), rogor iwyeben

werilis weras, rogor amTavreben, Tu uTiTeben TariRs... Seswavlili nawarmoebidan

(`marko polos mogzauroba”) ixseneben, romel qveyanaSi gamoiyenes pirvelad

fosta werilebis gasagzavnad (CineTSi), romel saukuneSi (XIII)...

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis: grafi Cesterfildi _ XVIII saukunis ingliseli

sazogado moRvawe, ukvdaveba moipova Tavisi epistolaruli memkvidreobiT _ erTader-

Ti vaJiSvilis, filipisadmi, miwerili werilebiT. werilebSi avtori vrclad msjelobs swavlaaRzrdis

sakiTxebze, romlebic dResac ar kargaven aqtulaobas. imdenad popularuli iyo misi

Sexedulebebi, rom mis werilebSi gamoTqmul aRzrdis sakiTxebze momdevno xanebSi pedagogiuri

skolis Seqmnac ki scades.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ maswavlebeli klass gamometyvelebiT

ukiTxavs Cesterfildis Txzulebas `werili cxra wlis vaJiSvils”. yuradReba

eqceva gamometyvelebiT kiTxvas _ teqsti monologuria da damrigeblobiTi

xasiaTis, amitom unda SeirCes saTando intonacia da tempi, kiTxvisas logikuri

164


da fsiqologiuri maxvilebiT unda gamoiyos gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovani frazebi.

gaanalizdeba, ra aris am werilis mizani (vaJiSvilis darigeba), werilis mixedviT,

riT aRwevs niWieri kaci mizans (sistematuri muSaobiTa da gulisyuriT),

raze swuxs mama (mis Svils gulisyuri aklia), ra rCevas aZlevs (daagrovos misma

Svilma codnis maragi, sanam saamiso droa), riT SeuZlia adamians daimkvidros

adgili sazogadoebaSi (codniTa da aRzrdiT), ra aris swavlisaTvis aucilebeli

(niWi, gulisyuri, dro), rasTan aris Sedarebuli codnis SeZena (mosavlian wlebSi

beRelSi marcvleulis SenaxvasTan, romelic mousavlian wlebSi gamodgeba), ra

miaCnia mas namdvil codnad (wignebis kiTxva da adamianebTan urTierToba, codnis

es ori saxe erTmaneTs avsebs), romeli Seswavlili fraza exmianeba am werils

(ilias `arc sul uwignoba varga da arc mxolod wignebidam gamoxedva”), romeli

qarTveli mwerlis nawarmoebi gaaxsendaT am werilis kiTxvisas (daviT guramiSvilis

`swavla moswavleTa”), ra aqvs am or nawarmoebs saerTo...

maswavleblis Semdeg teqsts Cumad kiTxuloben moswavleebi da moiniSnaven

im adgils, romelic, maTi azriT, gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania; CainiSnaven

im darigebas, romelsac eTanxmebian (an ar eTanxmebian), asabuTeben Tavis azrs

(davaleba #1), SeiZleba amas erTgvari diskusiis saxec ki mieces; wakiTxuli werilis

mixedviT cdiloben, daaxasiaTon werilis adresati da adresanti.

Seswavlili teqstis mixedviT weren `mamis rCevas” ( davaleba #2).

3. sakomunikacio teqstis ageba _ davalebebi #3 da #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 1 , IV 3 , IV 7 , IV 9 , IV 19 , IV 11

momdevno ori masalis: astrid lingrenis `saubari mamasTan~ (nawyveti

moTxrobidan `yaCaRis asuli ronia”) da vaJa-fSavelas leqsis `papiCemis ander-

Zi~ dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT, vTavazobT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis:

astrid lingreni _ gamoCenili Svedi sabavSvo mwerali qali, daibada 1907 wels, gardaicvala

2002 wels, Targmnilia 85 enaze, gamocemulia 100-ze met qveyanaSi, gansakuTrebuli popularobiT

sargeblobs: `saxuravis binadari karlsoni~, `pepi grZelwinda~, `yaCaRis asuli ronia”...

165


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

revaz inaniSvilis `moxetiale musikosi~,

xelobis aRmniSvneli saxelebi, rTuli sityvebis marTlwera

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ wakiTxulis gaazreba da saTanado daskvnebis gakeTeba

_ sakuTari azris dasabuTeba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ mxatvruli teqstis ageba

_ naweris Casworeba da koreqtireba

_ xelobis aRmniSvnel sityvebze dakvirveba

_ orTografiuli Cvevebis formireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ gaiazrebs wakiTxuls, akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ martivad axasiaTebs literaturul personaJebs

_ adgens mokle gegmas teqstis Sinaarsis gadmosacemad

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss mokled da vrclad

_ agebs teqsts

_ wers

_ eufleba sakuTari naweris Casworebisa da koreqtirebis xerxebs

_ ecnoba xelobis aRmniSvnel sityvebs, iyenebs maT metyvelebaSi

_ varjiSobs kompozitebis marTlwera

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ maswavlebeli klass acnobs teqstis saTaurs

`moxetile musikosi~, sTxovs, gamoTqvan varaudi, vis Sesaxeb iqneba saubari am

teqstSi, Tavisi warmodgeniT daaxasiaTon moxetiale musikosi, SeiZleba am mizniT

Sedges gonebrivi ieriSis rukac da gamoviyenoT jgufuri muSaoba.

2. teqstis kiTxva _ teqsts nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebi, SeiZleba

gamoviyenoT `pauzebiT kiTxva”; gzadagza, kiTxvis procesSive aixsneba gaugebari

sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, garda `sityvaTa salaroSi” axsnili leqsikuri er-

Teulebisa, moswavleebisaTvis SeiZleba gaugebari aRmoCndes Semdegi sityvebi

da frazebi:

166


mxned gamoiyureboda _ axalgazrdulad, yoCaRad gamoiyureboda

arCevanSi ar Sedioda _ ar arCevda, sul erTi iyo

saTive RvTis mowyalebad miaCnda _ saTiviTac Zalian kmayofili iyo

uSfoTveli ZiliT _ mSvidi ZiliT...

Sedgeba mokle gegmac, romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

moxetiale musikosis saqmianoba

xalxis azri moxetiale musikosis Sesaxeb

Sexvedra meSuquresTan

keTili maspinZeli

musikosis ostatoba

bednieri stumar-maspinZeli

3. teqstis analizi _ teqsti jer gaanalizdeba I donis kiTxvebiT:

_ sad cxovrobda moxuci mevioline?

_ rogor gamoiyureboda igi?

_ ras saqmianobda?

_ ras ambobda xalxi mis Sesaxeb?

_ rogor moxvda igi meSuquresTan?

_ ras saqmianobda meSuqure?

_ ra sityvebiT Seafasa maspinZelma stumris saqmanoba?

momdevno etapze daismis wakiTxulis gaazrebasa da Sefasebaze orientirebuli

kiTxvebi:

_ ra zemoqmedeba moaxdina musikam meSuqureze? (moixibla musikiT _ igi

sulganabuli usmenda da iseTi Tvalebi hqonda, rom meviolinem meore da mesame

melodiac daukra).

_ ratom iyo es orive adamiani ramdenime wuTiT yvelaze bednieri am qveyanaze?

ram mohgvaraT maT es grZnoba? (orive saWiro saqmes akeTebda, orives sixaruli

mohqonda adamianebisaTvis).

_ musikosis ra Tvisebebi Cans am nawarmoebSi? (igi Sromismoyvarea _ Zalze

uyvars Tavisi saqme, ukravs kargad, ar erideba arc fizikur Sromas da amis gamo

fizikuradac Zlieria; keTilia _ uxaria, msmenels sixarulsa da kmayofilebas

rom aniWebs; ar aris xarbi da fulis moyvaruli, mcirediTac kmayofilia...);

meSuquris ra Tvisebebi Cans? (cota ukmexia, mrisxaned gamoiyureba, ar uyvars

bevri laparaki, magram keTilia _ stumars Tavisi lukma gaunawila; Sromismoyvarea

_ keTilsindisierad asrulebs Tavis saqmes, aqvs sxvisi Sromisa da garjis

dafasebis unari; gaunaTlebelia _ ver mixvda ra iyo violino, magram aqvs

musikis mosmenisa da aRqmis niWi...), ra aqvs am or gmirs saerTo (orive martoa am

qveyanaze, orive Tavisi saqmis ostatia, orive saocrad keTilia, orives udides

bednierebas aniWebs sxvisi daxmareba...),

klass SeiZleba sadiskusiod SevTavazoT Temebi:

a) musikosis saqmanobas sxvadasxva Sefasebas aZleven. xalxis romeli mosazrebaa

swori?

b) vin ufro saWiro saqmes akeTebs _ musikosi Tu meSuqure?

teqstis gaazrebisaTvis sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g).

167


3. wera _ werilobiT Sedgeba mokle gegma (davaleba #1), am gegmis mixedviT

werilobiT gadmoscemen teqstis mokle Sinaarss (davaleba #2), aseve vTavazobT

sawerad Tavisufal Temas: `ratom daxetialobda musikosi~, moswavleebma

am teqsts Tavad unda SeurCion saTauri, Seadginon gegma, weris damTavrebisas

erTxel kidev waikiTxon, Caasworon SemCneuli Secdomebi da mxolod amis Semdeg

moaxdinon misi prezentacia.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

a) xelobis aRmniSvnel sityvebze dakvirveba_ erTmaneTs Seupirispirdeba

sityvaTa ori rigi; akvirdebian, ras gamoxatavs pirvel svetSi Camowerili

arsebiTi saxelebi (usulo sagans, daesmiT kiTxva ra?), meore svetSi Camowerili

arsebiTi saxelebi (sulier sagans, aRniSnaven xelobas, daesmiT kiTxva vin?),

varjiSoben xelobis aRmniSvneli saxelebis miRebaze, SeiZleba davakvirvoT

mawarmoebel TavsarT-bolosarTze (me- . . . -e).

b) rTuli sityvebis marTlweraze varjiSi _ davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 10 , IV 11 , IV 12 , IV 13

168


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

goderZi Coxelis `mgeli~, arsebiTi saxelis jgufebi

Sinaarsis mixedviT (sakuTari da sazogado,

geografiuli da sadaurobis saxelebi)

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ arsebiTi saxelis Sinaarsobriv jgufebze dakvirveba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs mxatvrul teqsts

_ gadmoscems mis Sinaarss

_ martivad axasiaTebs literaturul personaJs

_ wers

_ agrZelebs Seswavlil literaturul nawarmoebs

_ akvirdeba arsebiTi saxelis jgufebs Sinaarsis mixedviT (sakuTari da sazogado,

geografiuli da warmomavlobis saxelebi)

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba: am etapis dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi: teqsts Tavidan bolomde gamometyvelebiT

kiTxulobs maswavlebeli, Semdeg nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebi, gzadagza

xsnian ucnob leqsikur erTeulebs da adgenen gegmas, romelic daaxloebiT

aseT saxes miiRebs:

a) mglis gaWirveba

b) gamixardas gadawyvetileba

g) adamiani exmareba mgels

e) sikeTis ymuili...

teqsti gaanalizdeba Semdegi kiTxvebis saSualebiT:

_ vin aris gamixarda? sad cxovrobs igi?

_ ratom wavida igi mgelTan?

_ ra sityvebiT gaacila igi colma?

169


_ rogor daexmara gamixarda mxecs?

_ rogor gamoxata mgelma Tavisi madliereba?

_ ra sadRegrZelos ambobs gamixarda? vis adRegrZelebs igi?

_ Tqveni azriT, ratom endoba mgeli gamixardas?

_ gamixardas ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi? (keTilia, mgelic ki ebraleba da

mis dasaxmareblad midis; uSiSaria_ iaraRi ar miaqvs Tan...)

_ ramdenad damajereblad SeiZleba miviCnioT teqstSi aRwerili ambavi? (es

sakiTxi sadiskusiod SeiZleba SevTavazoT klass)

_ ra sityvebiT amTavrebs mwerali Txrobas?

_ Tqveni azriT, ris Tqma surs mwerals mkiTxvelisaTvis? (sikeTis danaxva

mgelsac ki SeuZlia...)

_ rogor fiqrobT, ramdenad sworad aqvs teqsts saTauri SerCeuli? Sei-

Zleba Tu ara sxva saTauri SevurCioT mas?

_ SeiZleba Tu ara gavagrZeloT es ambavi? Tqven rogor gaagrZelebT?

werilobiT sruldeba davalebebi #1 da #2.

moswavleebi TxrobiT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. sazogado da sakuTari saxelebi:

_ ra hqvia nawarmoebis mTavar gmirs?

_ rogor fiqrobT, ratom SeurCia mweralma Tavis gmirs es saxeli? raze

migvaniSnebs amiT? daasaxeleT adamianTa sxva saxelebic, romlebic adre Seswavlil

teqstebSi SegxvedriaT.

_ sad xdeba teqstSi aRwerili moqmedeba? (sofelSi, romlis saxelia Coxi)

_ ra mdinare Camoudis am sofels? (mdinare aragvi)

_ daasaxeleT TqvenTvis cnobili sxva mdinareebis saxelwodebebic.

_ ra hqvia mTas, saidanac mglis ymuili ismis? (sakidobnois mTa)

_ daasaxeleT TqvenTvis cnobili sxva mTebis saxelwodebebi.

eZleva daskvna sazogado da sakuTari saxelebis Sesaxeb. sruldeba davaleba

#3.

2. sadaurobis aRmniSvneli saxelebi:

_ soflis saxelwodebaa Coxi, mwerali ki gvarad Coxelia, rogor fiqrobT,

raze migviTiTebs es gvari? (mwerali am soflidan aris).

_ Tqveni azriT, sadauria rusTaveli? raze migviTiTebs es saxeli?

_ awarmoeT sadaurobis aRmniSvneli sityvebi Semdegi saxelebidan:

Tbilisi _

quTaisi _

qarTli _

SeiZleba klasi davakvirvoT sadaurobis aRmniSvnel -el sufiqszec.

sruldeba davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 4 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 8 , IV 10 , IV 12

170


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

otia ioselianis `rogor mokvda muria~, teqstis

konstruireba, sityvis semantika (relatiuri sinonimebi)

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ personaJebis martivad daxasiaTeba

_ sakuTari azris dasabuTeba, kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ teqstis ageba saTauris mixedviT

_ relatiur sinonimebze dakvirveba (terminis gareSe)

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts

_ gaiazrebs wakiTxuls, akeTebs daskvnebs da asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss

_ varjiSobs sxvadasxva pirSi (I da III) Txrobaze

_ wers

_ iyenebs teqstis koreqtirebisa da Casworebis martiv strategiebs

_ muSaobs wyvilebSi, jgufurad, individualurad

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am mizniT klass SeiZleba jgufuri muSaobisaTvis

SevTavazoT saTauri teqstisaTvis: `adamianis oTxfexa megobrebi”. mofiqrebisaTvis

eZlevaT ramdenime wuTi, pasuxebis prezentacia da Sefaseba xdeba klas-

Si.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ (teqsti or nawilad aris gayofili. sasurvelia,

es nawilebi cal-calke damuSavdes). teqsti ikiTxeba nawil-nawil, gzadagza

aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi, Sedgeba gegmac, romelic daaxloebiT

aseT saxes miiRebs:

murias gauCinareba

bavSvis wuxili

muriasa da cofiani nagazis orTabrZola

murias mkurnaloba

murias erTguleba

oTxfexa megobris Zebna

murias sikvdili

teqsti gaanalizdeba sxvadasxva donis _ gagebaze, analizsa da Sefasebaze

171


orientirebuli _kiTxvebiT:

_ ratom wuxs biWi?

_ ratom ar SeuSinda igi cofian ZaRls?

_ ra gadawyvites soflelebma?

_ vin uSvela murias?

_ rogor mkurnalobda babua murias?

_ rodis misca man SviliSvils ZaRlTan miaxloebis neba?

_ ratom wavida muria Sinidan?

_ rogor mokvda muria?

_ ramdenad gaamarTla babuas mkurnalobis meTodma?

_ moxucis ra Tvisebebi Cans am nawarmoebSi? daasabuTeT teqstis mixedviT

da waikiTxeT saTanado adgilebi.

_ vin mogviTxrobs teqstSi gadmocemul ambavs? ra SegiZliaT TqvaT mis

Sesaxeb? waikiTxeT teqstidan saTanado adgilebi.

_ Tqveni azriT, ramdenad swori iyo mezoblis gadawyvetileba _ moekla

muria?

_ ramdenad sworad migaCniaT babuas gadawyvetileba _ ar moklas es

ZaRli?

_ sad xdeba nawarmoebSi aRwerili moqmedeba? vin da vin arian moqmedi pirebi?

romeli gmirebi arian aq mTavari?

_ Tu Cans teqstSi mwerlis damokidebuleba momxdari ambisadmi? daasabu-

TeT.

moswavleebi winaswar Sedgenili gegmis mixedviT gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss,

yuradReba maxvildeba III pirSi Txrobaze.

teqstis gaazrebisaTvis sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia g).

aqve wyvilebSi sruldeba davaleba #1.

saSinao davalebad umjobesia, SevTavazoT davaleba #2.

3. teqstis konstruireba _ moswavleebi ori SeTavazebuli saTauridan

irCeven erT-erTs (davaleba #3) da ageben teqsts.

II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. sxvadasxva pirSi Txroba _ moswavleebi akvirdebian, romel pirSia

teqstSi Txroba, ixseneben amave avtoris sxva nawarmoebebsac, sadac aseve I pir-

Sia Txroba da cdiloben gaarkvion, ratom mimarTavs am xerxs avtori ase xSirad

(raTa Txroba ufro uSualo iyos, mweralma ufro advilad daamyaros urTier-

Toba mkiTxvelTan, ufro zustad gviTxras Tavisi saTqmeli...).

2. sityvis mravalmniSvnelianobaze dakvirveba _ sityva `joxis” ramdenime

Sesatyvisi arsebobs qarTulSi, erT-erTi maTgani _ xelketi_ teqstSiac

aris gamoyenebuli, ecnobian sxva leqsikur erTeulebsac (saxelmZRv. gv. 144). am

codnis gamoyenebiT sruldeba davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 3 , IV 4 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 10 , IV 11 , IV 12

172


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

merab elioziSvilis `sakuTar budeSi datyvevebuli~,

erTcnebiani kompozitebi, frinvelTa naSierTa saxelebi

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da analizi

_ kritikuli azrovnebis ganviTareba

_ leqsikuri maragis gamdidreba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ teqstis ageba andazis mixedviT

_ punqtuaciuri Cvevebis formireba

_ rTuli sityvebis (erTcnebiani kompozitebis) marTlwera

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs teqsts

_ akeTebs daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss vrclad da mokled winaswar Sedgenili

gegmis mixedviT

_ qmnis teqsts andazis mixedviT

_ wers

_ iyenebs codnis Sefasebisa da TviTSefasebis formebs

_ eufleba orTografiulsa da punqtuaciur Cvevebs

_ ecnoba axal leqsikur erTeulebs da metyvelebaSi iyenebs maT

I. teqstze muSaoba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba _ am etapis dagegmvas mTlianad maswavlebels vandobT.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis _ elioziSvili merab, Tanamedrove qarTveli

mwerali da dramaturgi, daibada 1934 wels cxinvalSi, daamTavra Tsu aRmosavleTmcodneobis

fakulteti 1957 wels, pirveli moTxrobebi gamoaqveyna Jurnal `ciskarSi” 1958 wels, pirveli

krebuli `molodini” _ 1961 wels, avtoria moTxrobaTa krebulebisa: `didedebi da SviliSvilebi”

(1964 w), `beberi mezurneebi” (1968 w), `Zmano kaxelno” (1975 w)... misi piesebi: `araferi~, `daTvebi~,

`beberi mezurneebi~, `berikoni”... warmatebiT idgmeboda qarTuli Teatris scenaze. mas

ekuTvnis agreTve kinoscenarebi filmebisaTvis; `TeTri qaravani”(1963 w, reJisori e. Sengelaia),

`didi mwvane veli” (1967 w, reJ. T. kokoCaSvili), `didedebi da SviliSvilebi” (1969 w, reJ. n. mWedliZe),

`beberi mezurneebi” (1973 w, reJ. T. kvaWaZe). amJamad eweva sasuliero moRvaweobas.

173


2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi _ teqsts pauzebiT kiTxuloben moswavleebi:

I pauza: `ara, _ Tavi gaiqnia didedam~, II pauza: `... erTgulebiT kvebavda

bartyebs~, III pauza `... jer kidev iynen, daizrdebian~, IV pauza `... mindvrisaken

mousves~, V pauza: `... ara da sulac Cemi iqneba”... TiToeuli pauzis Semdeg moswavleebi

gamoTqvamen varauds movlenaTa Semdgomi ganviTarebis Sesaxeb da teqstis

wakiTxvis Semdeg udareben mas avtoriseul variants. nawil-nawil kiTxvis procesSi

aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebic.

moswavleebi kvlav kiTxuloben teqsts da asaTaureben TiToeul azrobrivad

dasrulebul monakveTs, adgenen gegmas mokle Sinaarsis gadmosacemad,

romelic daaxloebiT aseT saxes miiRebs:

gvirilebis krefa

mindorSi siarulis namdvili mizezi

biWebis gadawyvetileba

Cxubi

dagvianebuli sinanuli

teqsti gaanalizdeba Semdegi kiTxvebis saSualebiT:

_ sad darbodnen biWebi?

_ ra iyo didedas ukmayofilebis mizezi?

_ ratom darbodnen biWebi mindorSi?

_ ra gadawyvites maT?

_ ratom ver mifrinavdnen mwyris CoCrebi Tbili qveynebisaken?

_ raze wakamaTdnen biWebi?

_ ra SeemTxvaT datyvevebul bartyebs?

_ vin iyo damnaSave bartyebis daRupvaSi?

_ rodis igrZnes biWebma sakuTari danaSauli?

_ daaxasiaTeT Tengo da zura, maTi ra Tvisebebi Cans? daasabuTeT teqstis

mixedviT.

_ Tu Cans nawarmoebSi mwerlis damokidebuleba momxdarisadmi? iwonebs Tu

kicxavs biWebis moqmedebas? sad, romel sityvebSi Cans es? (`an ki ra eTqmodaT?!

damnaSaveni iyvnen oriveni”).

_ rogoria Tqveni damokidebuleba teqstSi aRwerili ambisadmi? daasabu-

TeT Tqveni azri.

romeli Seswavlili nawarmoebi gagaxsendaT am moTxrobis kiTxvisas?

_ ra andaza gagaxsendaT? (`asjer gazome da erTxel gaWeri”).

_ Tqveni azriT, rac biWebma Caidines, danaSuli iyo Tu Secdoma?

_ rogor fiqrobT, rogor moiqceodnen am ambis Semdeg Tengo da zura? xom

ar SegiZliaT gaagrZeloT es ambavi?

sruldeba davalebebi #1 da #2.

moswavleebi gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss rogorc vrclad, ise _ mokled.

174


II. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba

1. naSierTa saxelebis gacnoba _ teqstSi naxsenebia sityva CoCori, romelic

am SemTxvevaSi aRniSnavs mwyris naSiers, moswavleebi ecnobian frinvelTa na-

Sierebis sxva saxelwodebebsac (sax. gv. 147) da am codnis gamoyenebiT asruleben

#3 davalebas.

2.rTuli sityvebis marTlweraze dakvirveba _ sax. gv. ????.

3. punqtuaciuri Cvevebis formireba _ davaleba #4.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 5 , IV 6 , IV 7 , IV 10 , IV 13 , IV 14

175


hblwfUjmfcjt!nbtbmb

sergo kldiaSvilis `soflis gzaze saqarTveloSi~,

teqstis ageba, misi koreqtireba

nj{ofcj

_ mxatvruli teqstis kiTxva da gaazreba

_ sakuTari azris dasabuTeba

_ gabmuli metyvelebis ganviTareba

_ kiTxvisa da weris strategiebis daufleba: teqstis ageba saTauris

mixedviT, misi Casworeba da koreqtireba

brujwpcfcj

_ moswavle kiTxulobs da aanalizebs mxatvrul teqsts

_ akeTebs saTanado daskvnebs, asabuTebs Tavis azrs

_ gadmoscems wakiTxulis Sinaarss TxrobiT da werilobiT

_ eufleba kiTxvisa da weris strategiebs

_ kritikulad akvirdeba sxvaTa metyvelebas da cdilobs maTs metyvelebaSi

SemCneuli Secdomebis dafiqsirebasa da gasworebas

gakveTilis msvleloba

1. kiTxvisaTvis mzadeba: maswavlebeli dafaze wers sityvebs: `stumari~,

`maspinZeli” da moswavleebs avalebs am sityvebis gamoyenebiT Seadginon teqsti.

am dros SeiZleba gamoviyenoT jgufuri muSaoba.

2. teqstis kiTxva da analizi_ teqsts Tavidan bolomde gamometyvelebiT

kiTxulobs maswavlebeli, dasvams ramdenime sakontrolo, ganmazogadebel kiTxvas:

_ weliwadis romeli droa aRwerili am teqstSi?

_ romeli qarTuli tradiaciaa aRwerili masSi?

teqsts ganmeorebiT nawil-nawil kiTxuloben moswavleebi, gzadagza, kiTxvis

procesSi, aixsneba gaugebari sityvebi da gamoTqmebi. amis Semdeg maswavleblis

miTiTebiT erTxel kidev kiTxuloben teqsts Cumad, yofen mas calkul monakveTebad

da adgenen gegmas, pasuxebis prezentacia da Sefaseba xdeba klasSi.

teqsti gaanalizdeba Semdegi kiTxvebis daxmarebiT:

_ rogor aris aRwerili teqstSi ucxo mosaxlis ezo? maspinZeli?

_ rogor gaumaspinZldnen ucxo stumars ucnobi maspinZlebi?

_ ra ganwyoba daeufla mwerals, roca ucnobi maspinZlis ezo datova?

176


_ ram daayena igi aseT xasiaTze?

_ waikiTxeT teqstidan is adgili, sadac mwerlis ganwyoba aris aRwerili

(`ra damRlis viaro wminda qarTul miwaze, ra damRlis vucqiro Cemi qveynis casa

da mzes! amaze didi sikeTe ra vinatro!”).

_ maspinZlebis ra Tvisebebi Cans teqstSi? daasabuTeT teqstis mixedviT

(isini Sromismoyvareni arian _ ezo kargad aqvT movlili; dauzarelni _ qali-

Svili wylis mosatanad wyaroze gaiqca; berikaci keTilmosaubrea _ ucxo stumars

nacnobiviT gauba saubari, guluxvebi arian _ stumars SesaniSnavad gaumaspinZldnen...).

_ romel qarTul tradiaciazea saubari teqstSi? ramdenad misaRebia

TqvenTvis ucxo adamianis gamaspinZleba? sxva romel qarTul tradiciebs gaixsenebT

kidev? romeli qarTuli tradicia mogwonT yvelaze metad? Tqven Tu

icavT romelime tradicias?

_ sad xdeba teqstSi aRwerili moqmedeba?

_ Tqveni azriT, Tu aris amis Sesaxeb miniSnebebi teqstSi?

_ rogor fiqrobT, ratom ar asaxelebs mwerali am soflis saxelwodebas?

(aseTi ambavi yvela qarTul sofelSi SeiZleboda, rom momxdariyo).

teqstis gaazrebisaTvis sruldeba testuri davaleba (swori pasuxia b)

3. teqstis Sinaarsis gadmocema _ moswavleebi jer TxrobiT, Semdeg ki

werilobiT (davaleba #2) gadmoscemen teqstis Sinaarss. yuradReba maxvildeba

III pirSi Txrobaze.

4. teqstis ageba _ moswavleebi SemoTavazebuli saTaurebidan irCeven erTerTs

(davaleba #2), ixseneben teqstis agebisa da koreqtirebis ZiriTad strategiebs

(saTauris gaazreba, gegmis Sedgena, `Savad” wera, weris damTavrebis Semdeg

dawerilis gadakiTxva da SemCneuli Secdomebis Casworeba, `TeTrad” wera, prezentacia,

urTierTSefaseba da TviTSefaseba, SeniSvnebis gaTvliswineba momavlisaTvis...)

da iwyeben weras (davaleba #2).

5. enobriv masalaze dakvirveba _ moswavleebi ecnobian `aqtivobebis

rveulSi” daxazul sqemas (davaleba #3): vin Tqva, ra Tqva, rogor unda eTqva?

maswavlebelTan erTad SeaqvT masSi ramdenime nimuSi (mag. vin Tqva? _ mweralma,

ra Tqva? _ Semoraguli, rogor unda eTqva? _ SemoRobili...). es davaleba maT

eZlevaT mTeli zafxulisaTvis.

Sedegebis kodi: IV 2 , IV 3 , IV 5 , IV 7 , IV 8 , IV 10 , IV 12 , IV 13

177


Semdgomi masalis: muxran maWavarianis `dRe moiwevs kriala” _ dagegmavas

maswavlebels vandobT, vTavazobT mxolod damatebiT informacias mwerlis Sesaxeb.

damatebiTi informacia maswavleblisaTvis _ muxran maWavariani, Tanamedrove poeti,

daibada 1929 w, sof. argveTSi, saCxeris r-nSi, 1954 wels daamTavra Tsu filologiis fakulteti,

1967-1984 wlebSi iyo Jurnal `pioneris~, xolo 1982-1992 wlebSi Jurnal `saunjis” mTavri redqtori,

pirveli leqsebi 1952 wels gamoaqveyna, 1958 wels gamovida poetis ori krebuli: `wiTeli

mze da mwvane balaxi” da `siCume uSenod~, romelic iTargmna rusul enaze da 1959 wels poets moutana

didi aRiareba _ axalgazrdobis msoflio VII festivalis laureatis wodeba. poetis mTeli

Semoqmedeba dafuZnebuli patriotizmze, samSoblos siyvaruliTaa STagonebuli misi yoveli

leqsi, mis poezias xSirad axlavs maJoruli, mxne ganwyoba, rac winamdebare leqsisTvisac aris

damaxasiaTebeli.

178


saxelmZRvanelo gankuTvnilia

III klasis moswavleTaTvis,

Sedgenilia `erovnuli saswavlo

gegmis~ mixedviT.

sakiTxav masalaze muSaobas mWidrod

ukavSirdeba enobriv-logikur

savarjiSoTa sistema, romelic

uzrunvelyofs ZiriTadi sametyvelo

unar-Cvevebis dauflebas.

warmodgenili saswavlo masala

emsaxureba moswavleTa SemecnebiT

aqtivizacias, amave dros

SesaZleblobas aZlevs Semoqmed

maswavlebels gamoiyenos swavlebis

interaqtiuri meTodebi.

saswavlo kompleqti moicavs

`moswavlis wigns~, `maswavleb- `maswavleb-

lis wigns~, `moswavlis aqtivobebis

rveuls~, Tematuri gakveTilebis

krebuls - `wignis samyaro~.

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