recommended vernacular names for common - Ministry of Forests

recommended vernacular names for common - Ministry of Forests


The main objective of this publication is to recommend common names for the indicator plants used in Ecology

Programme publications. For some species, there are many common namesfor others, there may be only

one or even none in “common” usage. For species with many vernacular names, the choice of any one name is

often arbitrary, however, I tried to choose the name that is most commonly used in floras and plant guides

relevant to British Columbia. For species with no real “common” name, I used whatever I could find or whatever

has been suggested to users of the Ecosystem Classification system at Ministry training courses.

This list does not present common names for all plant species in British Columbia, but only for those that: 1)

have “indicator” value; 2) are not rare or localized in distribution; and, 3) could be useful in ecosystem

identification as they do not require a compound microscope or specialized chemicals for identification (as do

most mosses, lichens and liverworts). The term “indicator” has a very broad and varied usage, but for this

publication it generally refers to plants that are general to specific indicators of climate, soil moisture and soil

nutrient regime, or successional development

. Scientific names (latin names) are from the following sources:

Crum, H.A., W.C. Steere and L.E. Anderson. 1973. A new list of mosses of North America north of Mexico.

The Bryologist 73:499-543.

Hale, M.E. Jr. and W.L. Culberson. 1970. A fourth checklist of the lichens of the continental United States and

Canada. The Bryologist 73:499-543.

Stottler, R. and B. Crandall-Stottler. 1977. A checklist of the liverworts and hornworts of North America. The

Bryologist 80:405-428.

Taylor, R.L. and B. MacBryde. 1977. Vascular plants of British Columbia: a descriptive resource inventory.

The University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, B.C.

For vascular plants not found in Taylor and MacBryde (1977), scientific nomenclature follows:

Kartesz, J.T. and R. Kartesz. 1980. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States,

Canada, and Greenland. Volume\II. The biota of North America. The University of North Carolina

Press. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A. 498 p.

In addition to Taylor and MacBryde (1977), the following references were used for determining common


Clark, L.J. 1973. Wild flowers of British Columbia. Gray’s Publishing Ltd. Sidney, B.C., Canada. 591 p.

Douglas, G.W. 1982. The sunflower family (Asteraceae) of British Columbia. Voume I - Senecioneae.

Province of British Columbia, Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Government Services. Victoria,

B.C. Occasional Papers of the British Columbia Provincial Museum No. 23. 180 p.

Harthill, M.P. and I. O’Connor. 1975. Common mosses of the Pacific coast. Naturegraph Publishers, Inc.

Healdsburg, Calif. U.S.A. 119 p.

Hitchcock, C.L. and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. An illustrated manual. University of

Washington Press. Seattle, Wash., U.S.A. 730 p.

Lyons, C.P. 1974. Trees, shrubs and flowers to know in British Columbia. J.M. Dent and Sons Ltd. 194 p.

Moss, E.H. 1974. Flora of Alberta. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. 546 p.

Pojar, J., R. Love, D. Meidinger and R. Scagel. 1982. Some common plants of the Sub-Boreal Spruce Zone.

Province of British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Victoria, B.C. Land Management Handbook No. 6.

102 p.


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