09.03.2014 Views

M .Tech Dissertation DISTRIBUTED INTRUSION DETECTION ...

M .Tech Dissertation DISTRIBUTED INTRUSION DETECTION ...

M .Tech Dissertation DISTRIBUTED INTRUSION DETECTION ...

SHOW MORE
SHOW LESS

Create successful ePaper yourself

Turn your PDF publications into a flip-book with our unique Google optimized e-Paper software.

SUTWVYXBZL[]\_^a`bZcHdfef\gh\iWj<br />

kJl<br />

¡£¢¥¤§¦©¨©¤§<br />

! " $# % & <br />

(' " % )+* '<br />

& & , * '<br />

-.0/13254468792;:+@42;=BADCE.AGFA;A;1368:H4JIBC§4KL6M>68N.L25>681$68:O4-<br />

CEIB>P4K06M7L6RQB>6R6MIBC<br />

npoqnJr©ntsvu3sxwy©npz m<br />

{}|b~@~€U|‚„ƒPƒb…†ˆ‡Pƒ†ˆ…<br />

’‘DŒ3“”‰D•E‹D–ŠD—ŽŒ3˜ ‰©ŠD‹DŒŽ<br />

¢¡£›p¤?¥§¦©¨+›«ª­¬¯®$›<br />

šœ›pŸž§<br />

šœ›pŸž§ ¢° ±¡£¤³²´¨+µ¥§· ¨›<br />

–Š©‹<br />

ȀĭÀÁ»pÉJ¾H¹½¥ÊÌËÍιÂ˹ϼÇÂÐ!Ñ+ÂÓÒÃÍÔÂÓ¹¹½HÍÎÂÓÒ<br />

¸º¹»P¼½¿¾OÀÁ¹ÂþÅÄÇǼ<br />

Õ8ÂÐÍÖ¼ÇÂUÕ8Â×?¾OÍؾOÉJ¾H¹§ÄÇÆ3Ù(¹Ë”ÚÂÄ­ÛÔħÒÇÜÃÝÞŸÄ­À±ßP¼©Ü<br />

àUÉÀ±ßP¼Ç͈áÃâ­â­âã§ä<br />

å –OŠ‰D–çæéèêèë”ë0è


K2;-Ó2;-4I¦¥ 6R>42;C l 4KL=?4p4K06 7L2;--6R>@4=?425I¿:+4254A5687¨§© !"#$©%& (')!*#+§/ l<br />

¤<br />

- ©324©%( - §2 -p=?P4K06M=6J=?>@7¯IBC­4K06M706RQB>6R6MIBC ,.- (7#08:9;'0?4@<br />

,.-0/1-<br />

A =?46¦P<br />

>@CB>@2;7KL=?>ED l 6R><br />

A<br />

.L2;706 I FHG<br />

>@ G @B02J5Ž=K”.L13=?><br />

A<br />

IM G .L2;706 I FHL<br />

L KL=B2;>@13=B:<br />

¸ ÍÔ׿×B¹½B¾¼¾OÍÔÄÇ ¡<br />

»»½OÄ£¢§¼ÇÛ ÊÌÚÓ¹¹L¾<br />

DÔ:O46R>@:L=BAN4O0=B132;:06R><br />

N4O”46R>@:L=BÄ N+O”=B1´2;:06R><br />

2


- - ©%( - <br />

,.-0/<br />

D ¤ k I¿1 /= l D<br />

A 6¥ 681 /D6R>98:0:;.<br />

¤ K068-6 =)¥ K”:0I6PA;6870Q¿1$68:O4- 6JI¿.LA;7¥/D6<br />

¡£¢¥¤ ¦¨§ © ¨¤<br />

KB6Ì4I 4KL=B: K 1 l Q¿.L2;7L6)§ #$8 2£< - ?(b=B:L7(1 l ¥ IMhQ¿.L2;706)§ #$8 2 2¨ - /1- <br />

D6JI¿.LA;7(A;2<br />

4K06825> 2;:L7L2 -@2;:0Q 4K06<br />

CEIB><br />

I¿1$ K@ D 6ÌI¿.LA 7]A 2JKB6(4I96 O@68--ˆ1 l QB>@=?4254.L7L6a4I! f>IBC @ B>@2 7LKL=?> D l 6R>MCEIB>M.L: M<br />

¥<br />

706R>@-4=B:L7L2;:0Q$1$6 4K0>I¿.0Q¿KŸ1 l 7L2#" ¥R.A54Ó42;1$68-§=B:7%KB6R6R


-1$IB>6M=B:L791$IB>@6M7L=?4=(QBIO68-pI¿:LA;2;:06)§4K06R>6M2 -J=(68--2;:LQa:06R687+4I -6¥R.0>6ˆ4K06M7L2 --68132;:=?425I¿:´IBC­=<br />

$<br />

k 6¥R=B.L-6ˆIBC_4K06 6¦¥DIB>4Ì>@68NO.L2;>68734I(1$I¿:L254IB>Ó:06R4 6ÌIB> K”-Ó=B:L7- l -46813-<br />

A;=?>QB6ˆ=B1$I¿.L:O4JIBC_2;:0CEIB>@13=?425I¿:¨@<br />

§D254ˆ2;-ˆ:0IB4ˆ68=B- l 4I9706R46¥ 4 =?44681$ -. ¥¥ 68--CE.LA­=?44=)¥ K- 6b254K0I¿.04 4K06(K068A5<<br />

13=B:.L=BA;Al<br />

¥ 687º=B:L7 6P2;A AÃ>68-.LA;4 2;:º4K06+2;:H4>ç.L706R> Q¿=B2 :L2;:0Q]=BA;Af4KL62;:LC£IB>@1´=?425I¿:é=?/DI¿.04a4K06+-6R> 5”2 ¥ 68-<br />

QBI¥.L:L:0IB42<br />

68--C .LA;Al CEIB>@132 :0Qa=¦¦ "!$#¦%¦& ')( @<br />

>@.L::L2;:0QaI¿:968=)¥@K€13=)¥@K2;:06)§L4K.L-p-.0¥¥<br />

I¿:©706R46¥ 42 :0Q¥=*)¦¦+,!$#¦%¦&'( §J/ l -:L2#" :LQ¯ K@.-­2J5B6<br />

1¥69CEI¥R.-<br />

¢¡¤£ ¡ <br />

IBCÃ2;:O468A;A;25QB68:O4EDÔ:O4>@.L-2;I¿: A 6R46¥ 425I¿: B l -46813- F D A B I @<br />

D A B§Y1a. ¥@K A;2JKB6Ã4K06-6¥R.L>@254 l 2;:7L.L-4> l §³KL=B-WQB>I 6P:M>@=?§4KL6@-@ ¤ K068-6Ã4II¿A;-<br />

KL=5B6M/D6¥ I¿1$6M68--68:O42;=BA_-6¥R.0>@254 l ¥ I¿1$Q¿=B:2438=?425I¿:L-p=B-b=aF>66Ó=BA;A @<br />

,bI6J65B6R>§=B-32;:§=B: l 68:(52;>I¿:L1$68:O4§f4KL2 :0Q¿- ¥@KL=B:0QB6)@¨§b6R4 6JIB> K”-´=B:L7 ¥ >ç=)¥ KB6R>@-=?>6965BI¿AJ5”2;:0QÅC =B-4§<br />

706813=B:7L2;:0Q+4KL=?4 -6¥R.0>@254 l 4II¿A;- KB6R6Rç.L-25I¿: A 6R46¥ 425I¿: B l -46813- C =)¥ 6 -65B6R>@=BAÌ7L=B.L:O42;:0Q§<br />

O ¥R2;42;:0Q ¥@KL=BA;A;68:0QB68-ˆ2;:¯4KL6aC .04.0>@6 =B:L7]=?>6$-.0>6a4I>6813=B2;:]I¿:06aIBCI¿.0>ˆ/D68-4:6Ì68=? K+-6¥R.0>@254 l @<br />

¤<br />

=?>68:L=3IBCÇ:06R4<br />

l §b6R4 6JIB> K D A B C =)¥ 68-§-I¿1$6;5B6R> l ¥@KL=BA;A;68:0Q¿2;:0QpIB/A56813-§³A;2JKB6Ì- 6P254 ¥çK0687 68:(5”25>I¿: M<br />

KL6Ì1$I”706R>@:M7=<br />

¥ >68=B-687 :06R4 6ÌIB> K 4>@= " ¥§¿=B:L7 68: ¥ > l @13=B: ¥ 6;¥ I¿:L-2;706R>ç=?425I¿:L-<br />

1$68:O4-§B2;:<br />

IBC§=B:7D A B§-@. ¥@K+=B-ÓC =BA;-6 >68A =?425I¿:¨§L2;: 6PK2 ¥@K¨§0K0I¿-4 D A B”-=BA;-I$68A =?42;:0Q<br />

=B:2;1$4=B:O4f>I¿A56)@<br />

¥ 6 1$68=B-.0>@68-p2;-Ó=B:9681$6R>Q¿2 :0Q(I¿:06)@ˆ:06 ¥R=B:+@243R6<br />

=?/:0IB>ç13=BA©65B68:H4P:LIB42GF$¥R=?425I¿:L-§6P254K>68A565?=B:<br />

13=B: l 7L2;-4>@25/.04687é68A5681$68:O4-a@C£IB>@1´2;:0Q¯-<br />

A565B68AWCEIB> ¥ IB>>@68A;=?425I¿:Ÿ=B:L7¯=B:L=BAl -2;-@<br />

l 13=)¥çKL2;:068-K=5B6b-@2;132;A;=?>4¥ I¿:”FQ¿.0>@=?425I¿:L-§H= ¥ I¿1$I¿:L1$68:O446PK06R>6p1´=B:<br />

l 4>@25QBQB6R>M=BA =?>@13- /.04ˆ-A5I 6<br />

I¿:ÅI¿:06$13=)¥çKL2;:06(13=<br />

- ¥R=B:L- =)¥ >I¿-- 4- IBCJ7L2¥D6R>68:H4ˆ13=)¥çKL2;:068-ˆ1325Q¿KO4<br />

4 l @1$6873/ l (0/1'! =?>@6 -.0¥¥ 68--C .LA;Al 706R46¥ 4687¨§L2;: - ¥R=B:+- 6J6R6R =?6p4 l ¥R2;=BA068-p4K=?4 6Ì6M-68A56¥ 4p4Í 6 O0=B132;:L6)@


!#¨ ')!*# ¢<br />

¡<br />

. DÖ:H4>@.-25I¿:7M$ :9I5B6R> 52566 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ £<br />

.@<br />

"#$©%&') # £? / ¡¡<br />

©<br />

. $ :0I¿13=BAl =B:L7!5]2;-.L-6M706R46¥ 425I¿: @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .0.<br />

8@<br />

8@8@ . ,bI¿-4 Mh/=B-687 DÖ:H4>@.-25I¿: A 6R46¥ 425I¿:3B l -4681´- @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ . 8<br />

. $ :%D Ï7L=?4=?QB>@=B1 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .§<br />

8@¦¥@<br />

$ ¤ L Ï-6RQ¿1$68:O4 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .<br />

8@¦¥@8<br />

B”:L24"´4 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8:<br />

8@¦<br />

¤ ¥ 4 B68:O4> l @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8 .<br />

B”:0IB>@4 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 808<br />

8@¦¤<br />

. B”:LIB>4p-.0/- l -4681´-¦@ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8¥<br />

8@¦¤@<br />

B”:LIB>44 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8<br />

8@¦¤@¦¥<br />

. : B ¥ IB 6JIB> K @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8<br />

8@<br />

© !"#$©%& (')!*# ©<br />

<br />

. 5€IB42J5Ž=?42;I¿:ŸCEIB>P7L2;-4>ç25/.046877D A B @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8£<br />

¥@<br />

.@ . ˆ.L>p-6R4.0< @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8£<br />

¥@<br />

.@8 ÇIB>4-68:O4> l =B:L7 B0:0IB>4:@ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8<br />

¥@<br />

.@¦¥ ¤ KL6 IB/A5681 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8<br />

¥@<br />

$ :L=BAl -2;-ÓIBC­4K06M- ¥R=B:¯4 l PIB/A5681 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¤<br />

.@8<br />

BI¿A;.L425I¿: $P6R4 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ . :<br />

.@¨§<br />

8@8 ,bI¿-4 Mh/=B-687]=B:L79:06R4 6ÌIB> K(Mh/=B-687 D A B @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ . 8<br />

§b6R4 6JIB> K(Mh/=B-687 DÔ:O4>@.L-2;I¿: A 6R46¥ 42;I¿:3B l -46813- @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .¥<br />

8@8@8<br />

$ 75?=B:H4=?QB68-bIBCÃ1$I¿:L254IB>@2 :0Q §P6R4 6ÌIB> K ¤ >@= " ¥ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .¥<br />

8@8@¦¥<br />

§b6R4 6JIB> K! >68A 2;132;:L=?>ç2568- @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .§<br />

8@¦¥<br />

¤ L B4=?46 5]=)¥@K2;:06 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .¤<br />

8@¦¥@¦¥<br />

ÇIB>4 B¥R=B:L- @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .¤<br />

8@¨§<br />

B468=BA;4K B §Á- ¥R=B: @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 8¤<br />

¥@8@8<br />

B468=BA;4K -D § - ¥R=B: @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¥:<br />

¥@8@¦¥<br />

8


ˆ13=B-P- ¥R=B: @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¥:<br />

¥@8@¨§<br />

§ .LA;AW- ¥R=B: @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¥:<br />

¥@8@¦<br />

ˆ.0>b=?


. ¤ K06 CEIB>@13=?4PIBC­=B:D 7L=?4=?QB>@=B1%@ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .<br />

8@<br />

¤ K06 CEIB>@13=?4PIBC­= ¤ L Ï-6RQ¿1368:H4@.@ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ . £<br />

8@8<br />

¤ K06 ¤ L §F:2546 -4=?46 13=)¥çKL2;:06)@ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ .<br />

8@¦¥<br />

. $ :0I”706M2;:+4K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:¯A;2 -4 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¥¥<br />

§@<br />

@ . ¤ K06 6 O”@2;1$68:O4=BA_-6R4.L< @¦@ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ § :<br />

¡ ¦£¢ ¤ ¡ ¦¥ ¡<br />

§@8 $ :0I”706M2;:+4K06M-I¿.L> ¥ 6MIB>p4=?>QB6R4:¥ IB>>68A;=?42;I¿:ŸA;2;-4- @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @<br />

¥§<br />

§@¦¥<br />

$Ï:LI706Ó4KL=?4­QB6R4- ¥R=B:L:0687 F 6bK068:(2;: = -I¿.0> ¥ 613=)¥IIB>Ã4K06- ¥R=B:L:06R><br />

¥ 6 F 6PK068:Ÿ2 :9=$4=?>QB6R4P13=)¥I @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¥§<br />

-I¿.0><br />

L IB>>@68A;=?425I¿:ŸA;2 -4-ÓC£IB>P4K06 I¿:06 Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:Ÿ2 :+4=?/A56 @8 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ ¥<br />

§@¨§<br />

§


. P=B:9IBP=B:9IBP=B:¯IBP=B:ŸIBb=B:9IB


, ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§© <br />

<br />

6JIB> K-(KL=5B6+65BI¿AJ5B687éI 5B6R>$4K06 l 68=?>ç- 4IÅ=¯68=)¥çK068-§IBCL-6¥R.0>@254 l KL=5B6Ó-.0>C =)¥ 687¨@ 1 254K 4K06f65B6R> M ¥@KL=B:0Q¿2 :0Q<br />

6P254K2;:ˆ4K06I<br />

M ¥çKL=B:0Q¿2;:LQ 46¥çKL:0I¿A5IBQ¿2;68-9=B:L7Ï65B6R> M ¥@KL=B:0Q¿2 :0Q§IBQB>@=B1´- ¥ I¿132 :0Q 2 :H4I 6 O”2 -468: ¥ 6]4KL=?4<br />

6JIB>@A;7¨§65B6R><br />

2;:0CEIB>@13=?42;I¿:¨§¿IB>J65B68:7¥ >ç25ç. ¥ 4.0>6)@ ¤ K06R>6b2;-f=BA;-I =B:=B- l 1´1$6R4> l /D6R4 6J6R68:´4KL6 5?=BA;.06<br />

4I¥=B:©IB>Q¿=B:L2438=?42;I¿:1M 6PK2 ¥@K 13= l /D6 5B6R> l QB>68=?4@'$ : IB>Q¿=B:L2438=?425I¿:6-(QB>68=?468-4 6J68=? l I¿.04 -. ¥çK¯=34=B- K$§©4K06 -6¥R.L>@254 l IBCÃ=B:€IB>Q¿=B:L2438=?42;I¿: 6-<br />

13=B:L7=?468-b2;:Ÿ l 7= l §¿=BA;ABI 5B6R>­4K06 6JIB>@A;7¨§!¥ I¿1$­:06R4 6ÌIB> K”-Ç=B:L7 K0I¿-4-=?>6Ì/©682 :0Q/L>I)KB68: 2;:H4I@ ¤ K06ÌA565B68A<br />

N<br />

IB46¥ 4ˆ4K0682;>ˆ2 :H46R>@:=BA§:06R4 6ÌIB> K-§ ¥ I¿13@66J=BA;A -§C .LAÇ706RCE68:L-2J5B6(-IBCE4 6Ó=?>6(4KL=?4<br />

¤¢¡¦ ¥ ¡ ¡ ¦¤<br />

13=KB6¥I¿.0>+46¥çKL:L2 ¥R=BA:6JIB>@A;7„1$IB>6]6 O ¥R2;42;:0Q§=B:L7 I”7L. ¥ 42J5B6)§P4K06]-6¥R.0>@254 l 6JIB>@A;7 =BA;-I ¥@KL=B:LQB68-@<br />

$ A;Af:06R4 6ÌIB> K-a=?>675.LA :06R>@=?/A56)@ §b66xK0I¿A;68-§/.0Q¿- =B:L7º6 O”@6 CEI¿.L:L7¥/ l .L:L- ¥ >@.0_I 6P: Q¿=B2;: @ 5]=B:O.LCE=)¥ 4.0>@6R>@-WIBC0-6¥R.0>@2;4 l I”7L. ¥ 4-W-4>ç.0QBQ¿A56<br />

4I1KB6R6R< .0< 6P2;4K©F O”68-§Ó@68A568=B-68-´2 : =B: 6¦¥DIB>4´4I1KB6R6R< .0< Mh4IMØ7L=?46 6P2;4K§4K06<br />

-.0>@>I¿.L:L7L2 :0Q 13=?> KB6R4@<br />

DÔ44=KB68-Ç/.04I¿:06fI 5B6R>@-25Q¿KO4§4Î =BA;A5I 6º=bKL=)¥ KB6R>­4Î 2;:&5?=B706f= ¥ I¿1$%M<br />

6PKL2 ¥çK„13= l /©6Å2;:O4>@2;:L-@2 ¥R=BA;Al -13=BA;A M<br />

=B:L7+4K06 @2J5?=)¥ l §¥R2J52 AWA;2;=?/2;A 254 l §¥R.L-4I¿1$6R> A;2;=B2;-I¿:+=B:L7+>@6RQ¿.LA;=?4IB> l 7L=B13=?QB6 6bKL2 ¥@K91´= l /©6 ¥R=B.-687<br />

2;:O46R>@:L=BA§=B:L7Ÿ6 O”46R>@:L=BAÇ=?44=)¥ K”-M-K0I¿.A;79/D6M4K06(=?/2;A;2;4 l 4I1$I¿:254IB>b254- :06R4 6ÌIB> K”- C£IB>ˆ.L:L=B.L4K0IB>@243R687<br />

/D68KL=5”25IB>§)6bKL2 ¥@K ¥R=B:(I 52 706ÌIB46¥ 425I¿:¨§H=B:7(42;1$68Al =B:L7(6¦¥D6¥ 42J5B6 ¥ I¿.L:O46R>@1$68=B-@.0>68-2;: 4K06Ó65B68:O4<br />

IBCÌ=+/>68=)¥@K¨§=B- 6Ì68A;A­=B-M7L6R46R>>68:O4M=?Q¿=B2;:L-4 =?/.L-6)@ ,bI6J65B6R>§"6b254K0I¿.04 4K06(IBˆ>68-I¿.0> ¥ 68-M=B:L7<br />

2;:0CEIB>@13=?42;I¿:92;:0CE>@=B-4>@. ¥ 4.L>6 =B:7¥ I¿1$6M=?4b>@2;- K@<br />

IBC_-IB@2568-;6P2;7L68Al 6PKL2;A56p2;4f2;-QB68:L6R>@=BA;Al /D68A;2565B687$4K=?4J1$I¿-4f/L>68=K(M<br />

2;:L-J-. ¥¥ 6R687¯7L.06 4I 6Ì68=K<br />

@7L-§”4K06R>@6ˆ=?>@6ˆ-42;A;A©=$A;=?>QB6 :O.1 /D6R>JIBC§2;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:L-f4K=?4Ó.-6 1$IB>6<br />

=B75?=B: ¥ 687€46¥@KL:L2 NO.068-P4Í /L>@68=KŸ2;:¨@_68-- 2;- K”:0I6b:¯=?/DI¿.04P4KL6 A;=?446R> 4 l 68=K(MØ2;:L-§L/D6¥R=B.L-6<br />

/ l 4K06825> 5B6R> l :L=?4.L>6+4K06 l =?>@6Ÿ1 . ¥çK KL=?>@7L6R>a4I£7L6R46¥ 4@ L I¿1$$/>68=K&MØ2 :L-aI¥¥R.0> 2;:©13=B: l<br />

6Ó= l -b/D6¥R=B.L-6a- l -46813-:¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4687]4K06 DÖ:H46R>@:L6R4 =BA;13I¿-4b=BAJ6Ó= l -ˆKL=5B6 ¥ 6R>4=B2 : 5”.LA;:06R>ç=?/2;A;2542;68-@ ¤ I<br />

¥ K”-J.L:L=B.04K0IB>ç243R687´2;:O4>@.L7L6R>@-@ §b65B6R>4K068A;68--§0706R46R>@132 :0687´KL=)¥ KB6R>@- ¥R=B:.L-.L=BA;Al .L:0¥ I5B6R> 6Ó= l -ÌIBC<br />

/A5I<br />

¥R.1 5B68:O42;:0Q = F>66Ó=BA;A @2$b-Ì=?44=)¥ KB6R>@-Ó/D6¥ I¿1$6P13IB>6b-IBJ2;:L2542;=?42 5B68-§¿:06R4 6JIB> K<br />

¥R25><br />

4K06b-2;Q¿:L2GF$¥R=B: ¥ 6IBCW6813@.L-@25I¿:3706R46¥ 425I¿:- l -46813-Ì4I<br />

13=B:L=?QB6R>ç-ÌKL=5B6b>@68=BA;243R687<br />

-468=BA54KL2568-4IBC­=?446813


68-@-b2;:LC£IB>@1´=?425I¿: .@P=)¥¥<br />

=?46ˆ2 :0C£IB>ç13=?425I¿:<br />

8@P1´=B:L2568A;2 =?/A56PIB> .L:.L-=?/A56<br />

¥@p>@68:L706R>P=$-<br />

K- ¥R=B:§/D67¥RA;=B-@-2GF687ºI¿:©4K06+/=B-2;- IBCP4 6ÌI ¥ >@2546R>@2;= §7L6R(IB>3:0IB4$=B:<br />

$Ó44=)¥<br />

=?44=)¥ KB6R> 2;- :0IB>ç13=BA;Al =B.04K0IB>ç243R687é4IÅ.L-6 4K06 ¥ I¿13(- l -4681%§=B:L7 6bK06R4K06R>aIB>a:0IB4(=¯.-6R> IBC<br />

<br />

'( %( 2 ¦;M+6PKLI$65Ž=B706 =B.L7L2542;:LQ(=B:7Ÿ=)¥¥ 68-- ¥ I¿:O4>I¿A;-<br />

<br />

, 8 - #0! MJ=B.04K0IB>@243R687€.L-6R>@-PIBCÃ4K06 - l -4681œ=B:L7Ÿ>@68-I¿.0> ¥ 68-b=)¥¥ 68--687¨§£6PK0I 132;-.L-6 4K06825><br />

<br />

@2J5”2;A56RQB68-<br />

=?>@2;I¿.L-M=?44=)¥ Kº1$6R4K0I”7L-M=?>63.L-687¥/ l =?44=)¥ KB6R>ç- 4I ¥ I¿1$I¿132 -63:06R4 6JIB> K¥-6¥R.0>ç254 l @ 1¥67¥R=B:<br />

!<br />

¥ I A 2;- ¥RA5I¿-@.0>6fIBC$DÔ:LC£IB>@1´=?425I¿:¨§B=B:L7 F §(I A 68:2;=BAIBC£B6R> 5”2 ¥ 6)@2$§CE66§6 O”=B1$61$68:H42;I¿:0687<br />

F<br />

@ /D68A5I6<br />

­=B-- 6ÌIB>@7 L >@=)¥ K2;:LQ<br />

K-§=B:L7€>@.LA56 Mh/=B-687 ¥ >@=)¥ K2;:LQ=?44=)¥ K- ¥R=B:]QB6R4ˆ6a68: ¥ > l +4KO.L-´Q¿=B2;:L-3.:L=B.04K0IB>@2 3R687 =)¥¥ 68-- 4I£4K06¯- l -4681‚=B:L7Ï2;-´13=B- M<br />

=BA;QBIB>@254KL13-@<br />

I”7064KL=?4$70IO68-(4K2;- ¥R=B: ¥R=B.-6<br />

L<br />

KB6R> ¥ I¿.A;7]4K068:Å/D6 6 O”6¥R.04687£=?4ˆ4KL2;- >@=B:70I¿1v=B7L70>68--@ ¤ KL2;-:¥ I”706$2;- 6 O6¥R.04687¥.:L706R><br />

=?44=)¥<br />

¡£¢ r¥¤§¦(y©z@| ¢©¨¢ |bw¤¥ zw<br />

u<br />

( #( 13= l /©6M7L6 F:06879=B-p4KL6 >68-I¿.0> ¥ 6 2;:+4K06a- l -4681%@ ,P68: ¥ 6 6Ì6 ¥R=B:<br />

7L2 52;7L6b4K068-6 2;:O4I$4K0>6R6 2;:O4>@.L-@25I¿: ¥RA;=B--68-$ O”6 :0:HP<br />

/L>I¿=B7Al<br />

§©¨ - = £ "& - #$ M4K0I¿-6 6PKLI3=?>6 :0IB4p=B.04KLIB>@243R687Ÿ.L-6 IBCÇ4KL6M- l -4681<br />

<br />

( - = £ ( - #$ M4K0I¿-6 6PKLI+=?>@6(=B.L4K0IB>@243R687Å.L-6aIBCf4KL6(- l -4681§W/.04ˆ=?>63:0IB4 =B. M<br />

<br />

68--b4I34K06M7=?4= §IBQB>ç=B1%§0IB>P>68-I¿.0> ¥ 6M=)¥¥ 68--687<br />

4KLIB>@243R687Ÿ=)¥¥<br />

' ¦ ' ¦EM 6PK0I$IB@=?46 .L:L706R>=B:0IB4K06R> .L-6R> 6- D A<br />

=B:L79@7<br />

/L>I¿=B7Al QB>I¿.0< 4KL681 2;:O4Ib=bCE66<br />

¥R=?46RQBIB>@2;68-M F .I DÔ:0CEIB>@13=?42;I¿:MQ¿=?4K06R>@2 :0Q§ F 8 I§" :L=B.04K0IB>ç243R687 =)¥¥ 68--§<br />

DÔCP4KL6Ÿ=?44=)¥ KB6R>+-I¿1$68K0I 6<br />

Q¿=B2;:L-(=)¥¥ 68--´4I¥4K06+68: ¥ > l @-§fK06<br />

¥R=B:º>@.L:é=Ÿ@7 ¥ >@=)¥ KB6R>(@IBQB>@=B1%§6PKL2 ¥çK1¥R=B: 706¥ > l @7L-§)6J68=K 68: ¥ > l ç254KL13-§?6 O”4­>68-4>@2 ¥ 42;I¿:L-4K=?4ÇI¿KL25/2;4.L-=?QB6ÓIBC-4>I¿:0Q<br />

l ç=?@>6¥ 4b.L-@=?QB6 IBC-4>I¿:LQ´=BA5QBIB>@254K13-§-I¿1$6 2;13@-§/.0Q¿-§¿6R4 ¥@J§013=KB6b@7¦¥ >@=)¥ K2 :0Q =B:´68=B- l 4=B- K@ k >ç.046PCEIB> ¥ 6)§”7L2 ¥ 425I¿:L=?> l<br />

2<br />

5?=BA;2;7+.L-6R>@ N.06R>@=B72;:0Q$=B-P=<br />

k .$¥D6R>PI 5B6R> (I 6<br />

<br />

: 1´=B: l L 2;13ç.0@2542;:0Q<br />

>@= l 706¥RA =?>687$#&%('*)£2;:º=]>I¿.L42;:06)@<br />

>@6R4.0>@:ÅCE>I¿1 4K063>@I¿.042;:06(4I .L1$ç=B:L70I¿1t=B7L7L>68--@<br />

5]=BA;2 ¥R25I¿.- ¥ I70632 : Ö6¥ 4687£/ l =B:<br />

¦( )/ ') §2;-p4K06 >IIB4P.L-6R>@<br />

@2J5”2;A56RQB68- IBCÓ4K06 I6P:06R> IBC4K063@6525I¿.- I ¥ 68--§6PKL2 ¥çK¨§2;: ¥R=B-6´IBCÓ4K06%B 5 ¤ 7=?681$I¿:¨§<br />

£


¥ I¿13@QB6R4f:06R4 6JIB> K@ ,PI¿-4-I¿:$4K06b:06R4 6JIB> K$=?>6<br />

I(B F A 68:L2 =BAWIBC4B”6R> 52 ¥ 6 If=?44=)¥ K-:¥R=B.L-6 4K06MA5I¿--ÓIBC­=)¥¥ 68--p4I3=(>@68-I¿.0> ¥ 6 >@=?4KL6R>p4KL=B:9=BA;A5I 6<br />

A<br />

KB6R>´4I]Q¿=B2;:©.L:L=B.04KLIB>@243R687 =)¥¥ 68--(4IÅ4K06 >@68-I¿.0> ¥ 6)@ ¤ KL6 l .L-.L=BA;Al 2 :&5BI¿AJ5B6I5B6R> M<br />

4KL6+=?44=)¥<br />

L B § =?44=)¥ K$P$ -68:L706R> 4>@=B:L-@13254- = (II7ÅIBCJ ¥ 6b=B770>68--J=B:L7<br />

>ç=?46)@<br />

B” ¥ 6P=B7L7L>68--IBC_= 4>@.L-4687 13=)¥@K2;:06)@ ¤ K06p4=?>@QB6R4J13=)¥çKL2;:06b13= l >@68A568=B-6<br />

:L6R4<br />

68--=?> l 6¦¥©IB>@4$C£IB>3=B:§=?44=)¥ K§4I£-. ¥¥ 6R687¨§J2;: ¥ >68=B-2 :0Q€4KL6>ç2;- Ké=B--I¥R2;=?4687 6P254K 4K06<br />

4KL6Ÿ:06¥<br />

K$§D=B:L7³IB> 7065?=BA;.L2;:0Qa4K06M ¥ 682 5B687+Q¿=B2;:94KL=?4 6JI¿.LA;7 ¥ I¿1$6 6P254K9-@. ¥¥ 68--@<br />

=?44=)¥<br />

4KL6M=?44=)¥ K9>68N.L25>68-J@42 ¥R.LA;=?>@Al =?> ¥R=B:06 =B:L797L6R4=B2;A5687 K”:0I6PA;6870QB6 IBC/DIB4K9=B--681 /Al<br />

1„KL2;A;6<br />

=B:0Q¿.L=?QB6b=B:7¨§O2;:´4K06 ¥R=B-6 IBC 1„2;:L70I 6P-§¿IB@=?42;:LQ - l -4681 2 :H46R>C =)¥ 6b7L6R4=B2;A;-§OI¿: ¥ 6b-I¿136RI¿:06<br />

A<br />

¥ I”70687¯=B:€6 O”


©%¡ (')!*#éA;68=B7L-Ó=B:92;:H4>ç.L706R>J4I$/©68A 2565B6b4K=?4pK06 K=B--. ¥¥ 6R687068792;:+=B:92;:O4>@.L-@25I¿: =?446813Ÿ-K.L:O4687„I¥Á4I 6bK06R>6¥KL=?>@1«2;-9132 :L2;13243R687 @<br />

6bK06R>68=B-92;:L-468=B7±K06¥KL=B-+/D6R68:±=?44>@=)¥<br />

¤ KL2;-2;: ¥RA .L7068-Ó70>IB ¥ 6 13=)¥çKL2;:06)§A;=B.L: ¥çKL2;:0Q$=<br />

46813 =?44=)¥ K§6R4 ¥@<br />

¥<br />

=)¥ 42 5254 l =B:L7 =BA56R>4- 4K06Å=B.04K0IB>@2542;68-@£$ 706 (6¥ 42;I¿:ÏCE>I¿1 :0IB>@13=BA .L-=?QB6]@:L- IB>+4K06<br />

KL6f@2 13=?> l C£I ¥R.L-_IBC0I¿.L>"6JIB> KM2;-§2;: =?44681$ KM>@6¥ I¿:L:L=B2;--@=B: ¥ 6Ì=?44681$ç25/.04687]4- ¥R=B:L-@ 1 KL68:é=B:£2;:O4>@.L7L6R>M=?44681$68=K¥2;:O4IŸ=Ÿ- l -4681%§ÇI¿:06<br />

-6 =?>6M13=B: l ¥ I¿131$6R> ¥R2;=BÄ D A B I7. ¥ 4-Ó=5?=B2;A;=?/A56 2;:4K06 13=?> KB6R4@ ¤ K068-6ˆ2 : ¥RA;.L706)P2$ :;3R68:<br />

¤<br />

KB6R4 F KO44< P 6 6 6 @=B:3R68:¨@ ¥ I¿1 I §B6 § ¤ >@=!O B6¥R.L>@254 l B”.L2;46 F KO44< P 6 6 6 @ ¥ 68:H4>ç=!O ¥ IB> L IB F KO44< P 6 6 6 @:=B2 @ ¥ I¿1 I § §b6R4 >@I6PA56R> F KH44< P 6 6 6 @=!O”68:H4@ ¥ I¿1 I §0§b6R4 ¥b=B:0QB6R><br />

L<br />

¥ 6+@I7L.0¥ 4-§CB”:0IB>@4 F KO44< P 6 6 6 @-:0IB>4@IB>@Q(Ia4=KB68-34K06¥R=KB6)§ÓCEI¿A;A5I 6Ì687©/ l ¤ >@256<br />

F<br />

<br />

P 6 6 6 @4>ç256)@ ¥ I¿1 I §=B:794K06MA;2JKB6)@<br />

KO44<<br />

¦ ¤ ¤W|$~wfo u<br />

2;-4>@2;/.046873=?44=)¥ K-ÓKL=5B6b>6¥ 68:O4Al 681$6R>@QB687 =B-ÌI¿:06PIBCD4K06 1$I¿-4J:066P- 6JIB>4K l §25CD:0IB4Ì4K06PQB>68=?468-4§<br />

A<br />

DÔ:O46R>@:06R4@ k 6¥R=B.L-6MIBC§4KL6ˆ:=?4.0>6 IBC4KL6M=?44=)¥ K§2542;- ¥çKL=BA;A568:0Q¿2 :0Q 4I$4>ç=)¥ 6M4K06<br />

6J68=K:068-@-68-IBCÇ4K06<br />

K”2;:0Q13=)¥@K2;:06)@ =?44=)¥<br />

=B: =)¥R=B70681´2 ¥+IB>Q¿=B:L2438=?42;I¿:Ï-. ¥çK =B-$I¿.0>ç-§Ì13=B: l 13=)¥@K2;:068-$KL=5B6€-2;1´2;A;=?> ¥ I¿:”FQ¿.0>@=?42;I¿:L-@<br />

DÖ:<br />

&K0I¿:06 l QB6R4-P=B:L79A .0>6ˆ4K06<br />

B”6R442;:0Q3.0<<br />

KB6R>§W2;-ÓI¿:06 -@. ¥@KŸ=?446813 =B:£2 :H4>@.-25I¿:]=B-M254 2;-ˆ/D682;:0Q+=?4 M<br />

@<br />

@ ©%(') #$<br />

7L2;- ¥ >@2;132;:=?468- 2;:O4>@.L-@25I¿: =?446813@.-25I¿: 6R@=?42;I¿:„C£>I¿1 :LIB>@13=BA<br />

¥¥R.0>>@68: ¥ 6€IBC =1K”:0I6b: =?44=)¥ K -@25Q¿:L=?4.0>6]2;:Ï=B.7L254´4>ç=B2;A;- IB>:06R4 6ÌIB> K 7L=?4= § 2;:L7L2 ¥R=?468-=<br />

I<br />

ç-4p4KL2;:LQ¿-4KL=?4PK06 70IO68-b2;-4I7¥@K06¥ K9I¿.04 6PK=?4p=BA;A_-6R> 5”2 ¥ 68-b=?>6 >@.:L:L2;:0QaI¿:Ÿ4KL6 13=)¥@K2;:06)§<br />

=B:L776PKL2 ¥@K IBC_4K068-6)§0K06 ¥R=B:+6 O 6-M4II¿A5/DIO£@%$b: D A BÅ2;:L-4=BA;A5687]I¿:£=Ÿ:06R4 6ÌIB> K]I5”2;7068- 1a. ¥@K£4K063-=B1$63@254<br />

=?>@1 - l -4681 2;:L-4=BA;A;687é2;:©=ÅK0I¿.L-6)@<br />

/.0>@Q¿A;=?>a=BA<br />

" -2;:LQ 5?=?>@25I¿.L-a1$6R4K0I”7L-§Ì254a7L6R46¥ 4- 6PK068: =B:§2;: M<br />

Ž=?44=)¥ KB6R> ³/.0>Q¿A;=?>´2 - @68-68:H4§Ì=B:L7©-.0/-68N.068:O4Al 2;-@-.068-a-I¿1$6+4 l ç:L2;:0Q€IB>3=BA56R>4@<br />

4>@.L7L6R><br />

A B0-M70I¿: 64MC .LA;Al Q¿.L=?>@=B:O46R6 -6¥R.0>@254 l §/.L4 6PK068:£.L-687 6P254K£=¯-6¥R.0>@254 l @=?/2;A;254 l =B- M<br />

D<br />

68: ¥ > l Ã=B.04KL68:H42 ¥R=?42;I¿:¨§¿=)¥¥ 68--+¥ I¿:O4>I¿A §¿=B:L7 F>@66J=BA;A -§³4KL6 l ¥R=B:aQB>68=?4Al<br />

-68--@1$68:H4-§¿7L=?4=<br />

68:LKL=B:0¥ 6M:06R4 6JIB> KŸ-=?CE6R4 l @<br />

F KO44< P ŽKH44@6 F KO44< P 6 6 6 @2;--@:L6R4 I §f6R4 ¥@<br />

$b1$I¿:LQ¿-4$4K06<br />

-0IB> 6)@Q@J§J=BA;AÓ4KL6Ÿ13=)¥@KL2 :068-$2;:§=¥A;=?/§/DIIB4a4KL6Ÿ-=B1$6ŸIB@=?42;:LQÅ- l -4681§f4K06Ÿ-=B136KB6R>@:068A §J=B:L7<br />

I¥D6R>M4K063-=B1$6 :06R4 6JIB> K¥-6R> 5”2 ¥ 68-@%$x-2;:0Q¿A56a4- ¥R=B:¥I¿:é=9-2;:0Q¿A56(K0I¿-4 QB68:L6R>@=BA;Al QB6R4- ¥RA;=B-@-2GF687<br />

=B-P=´-4>@= l =?44=)¥ K$§W=B:L7Ÿ1´25Q¿KH4p:LIB4 6J=?>@>@=B:H4b-6R>@25I¿.L-=)¥ 42;I¿:¨@ k .04P-4>@= l - ¥R=B:L-PIBC­68=)¥@K]13=)¥@KL2 :06 I¿:<br />

6JIB> K$§$6P2;A;AD-A;I6PAl >68-.LA;4p2;:+4K06M2;:O4>@.L706R>Q¿=B2 :L2;:0Q$=BA;AW4KL6 2;:0CEIB>@13=?425I¿:+=?/DI¿.04p4KL6M-6R> 5”2 ¥ 68-<br />

4KL2;-:L6R4<br />

68--C .LA;Al CEIB>@132 :0Qa=¦¦ "!$#¦%¦& ')( @<br />

>@.L::L2;:0QaI¿:968=)¥@K€13=)¥@K2;:06)§L4K.L-p-.0¥¥<br />

¤


7L2;-4>@25/.046874- ¥R=B:€2;:0C =)¥ 4 6ÌI¿.A;79I”7L. ¥ 6M:LI3>68=BA_=BA56R>@4pI¿:¯= :0IB>@13=BAW:06R4 6ÌIB> KŸ2;:H4>ç.L-25I¿:<br />

$<br />

425I¿:©- l -4681%§=B:716JI¿.LA;7éIB/=?/Al ¥ I¿.:H4(=B-(=¯CE66x-4>@= l 2;: ¥R2;7068:O4-MIBCp=?/:0IB>@13=BAÌç25/.04687+4- ¥R=B: @ ¤ K06a- ¥R=B:€1´25Q¿KH4bIB>@25Q¿2;:=?46 CE>I¿1<br />

¤<br />

@1%§=B:L7¥a=¯A5IB4MIBCÓIB4K06R> KL68=5 l 6J6825Q¿KO4 &ÖCE68=?4.0>68- * §6PKL2 ¥çK£=?>68: 64 IBCE¥ I¿:0¥ 6R>@:<br />

KL=?-8 /L>@2;6 ( l 7068- ¥ >@2;/©68-f4K06 4 l ç.L-25I¿: 706R46¥ 425I¿:9- l -46813-J4KL=?4Ó6 O02;-4§0= CE66±:06R4 6JIB> K<br />

L<br />

2;132;:L=?>ç2568-§ ¤ L 4- ¥R=B:L-§©=B:L7¯-I¿1$6 ¥R=B-6a-4.7L2568-EMJ4IOI¿A;-b4KL=?4:6Ì6a-4.L7L2;687¨@ L KL=? ¥§$6J6<br />

68A<br />

L K=? ¥ I¿: ¥RA;.L7L68- 4K06<br />

$ -.0> 5B6 l IBC4K06 ¥R.0>>68:O4Al =5?=B2;A;=?/A56 D A B”-ÓKL=B-J>65B68=BA5687+4KL=?4Ó4K06R>@6 2;-Ó:0IaCE>6R68Al =5Ž=B2;A =?/A56 D A B<br />

I¿:06 1´=)¥@KL2;:L6 4Í 13=B: l IB4K06R>ç-§LIB>P132;Q¿KH4p/D6ˆCEIB>@1$687+/ l 13=B: l 13=)¥@K2;:068-§0I¿:Ÿ=´-2;:0Q¿A56ˆ4=?>QB6R4@<br />

l 6R4§4KL=?4´=B770>68--68-34K068-6 ¥ I¿:0¥ 6R>@:L-@ 5¯I¿-4 ¥ I¿131$6R> ¥R2;=BA D A B”-´=?>6¯=5?=B2;A;=?/A569C£IB> 4K06!1„2;:L70I 6P-<br />

I¿.L>P-6R4.0< @ ¤ K06 QBI¿=BA"6Ó=B-p4I 7L65B68A5IB@2;70QB6ˆ4KL2 -¡ >68N.L25>681$68:O4 6<br />

4Í<br />

§7L65B68A5IB6M2;: D D ¤ k I¿1 /= l @<br />

Q¿=?<<br />

¢ | ~ ¦ rDz@| ¢ ¤W|Pn¤£¦¥<br />

uÖ…<br />

l 4K06M-25Q¿:=?4.0>68-JIBCF$5B6 ¥ I¿131$I¿:LAl .L-687 ¤ L 4Mh/=B-687+4- ¥R=B:L-§<br />

ˆ.0>=?@-4-4.L7<br />

¥ 68-JIBC_:06R4 6JIB> K3 K¥6=B:L=BAl 3R687¨§=B:7¥4K06´- ¥R=B:º-25Q¿:L=?4.L>6 6J=B- 2;7068:O42GF687¨@ ¤ K068-63:.L1$6R>I¿.-M2;: M<br />

:06R4<br />

7L2J5”2;7L.=BA©- ¥R=B:L-P=?>6 4K068:Ÿ>@6¥ IB>@70687ŸCEIB>PC .0>4KL6R>P=B:L=BAl -2;-§06PKL2 ¥çK94K068:¯2 7068:H425F68-Ó4K06 - 6Ì6R6R6R4<br />

-<br />

¥ 6)@<br />

2;-ÓQB68:06R>ç=?4687€=B-p=B:€2;:0CE6R>68:<br />

§ ¦ rW~@z ¢ w |©¥r¥(w ¤Ww | ¤©r<br />

ü<br />

7068- ¥ >ç25/D6J4KL6IB/A5681 IBCD7L2;-4>@25/.04687 4- ¥R=B:L-§H=B:L=BAl -2;-­IBC©4K06P- ¥R=B:34 l Ì=?68-f=B:L7(4K06>I¿.042 :068-Ã7065B68A5IB@25/D68-­I¿.0>Ã6 O”@2;1$68:O4=BA<br />

7L=?4=%¥ I¿A A56¥ 425I¿:£=B:L7]F©:L=BA;Al 4KL63>68-.LA;4-bIBCÓI¿.0>M7L6R46¥ 425I¿:¨@<br />

-6R4.0<br />

-2;- IBC I¿.L>Ÿ=?6€IBC DÔ:O4>@.L-@25I¿: A 6R46¥ 425I¿:<br />

>6R476P254K„=B:±=B:L=BAl<br />

l -46813-@ B<br />

. :


, ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§©<br />

¤¢¡ ¥ ¡ ¦¤ ¡ ¨¡ ¡ ¦¤ ¢¤£ ¨ <br />

4K06€68-68:O4 ¥çKL=?§ 6J6¯6 O0=B132;:06]1$IB>6 ¥RA5I¿-68Al §4K06 5Ž=?>@2;I¿.L-34 l ç.L-25I¿:§706R46¥ 42;I¿:<br />

DÖ:<br />

l -46813-Ó4KL=?4Ó6 O02;-4§0=B:L7 4K06825>7L2;-42;:0Q¿.L2;-@KL2;:0Q ¥@K=?>@=)¥ 46R>@2;-42 ¥R-@ 1¥6 =BA;-I$=?44681$ K(Mh/=B-687 D A B F § D A B I @ $ CE66„:06R4 6JIB> K3@68A;2;132;:=?>@2568-­=?>6<br />

2;:O4I<br />

¤ KL2 - 2;-aCEI¿A;A5I 6Ì687©/ l =]/L>@2;6RC<br />

K06 ¥ I¿:L-4>@.0¥ 425I¿:£IBC-. ¥çK<br />

¤<br />

4IB> -4=?>4-P/ l C£IB>ç132;:0Q$=B:ŸIB ¥ I¿1$P.06Ÿ=BA;-I ¥R=BA;A5687<br />

¤<br />

- "!7 " £ !(;@ ¤ K068-6PC£IB>@1 = ¥ I¿1$$<br />

4K068:§7L2 - ¥R.L--687 @)1¥6¯4K068:©7068- ¥ >@25/D64K06 5Ž=?>ç25I¿.L- ¤ L 4- ¥R=B:-@<br />

¥ >ç2568-68=?> ¥çK§.L: ¥ I 5B6R>687©4 6JI ¥ I¿1$ l 2;:H4>ç.L-25I¿:º706R46¥ 425I¿:§=?@.L-@25I¿:¯706R46¥ 42;I¿:Å46¥@KL:L2 NO.068-ˆ=B--@.L1$6a4KL=?4<br />

=B:é2 :H4>@.-25I¿:¥2;-M=¯70652 =?425I¿:£CE>I¿1 4K06:0IB>@13=BAf=)¥¥ 6R@<br />

¥ 68:O4=?QB6aIBCf4K06 =)¥ 42J5”254 l 4I (©=?Q=B- ' ( # / ' §=B:7¯K0I 6Á4I+13=KB6(4KL2;-P42 ¥R.A;=?>b706¥R2 -25I¿:¨@ DÖ:<br />

IB4K06R> 6JIB>@7L-§0=B: l 4K2;:0Q(4KL=?47065”2;=?468-=$A5IB4JC£>I¿1U:LIB>@13=BA §”2;-(=?QBQB687Ÿ=B-2;:O4>@.L-@2J5B6)@ ¤ K06ˆ70>@=6P/=)¥ K<br />

IBC4KL2 -P=?ç.L-25I¿:¯C£>I¿1œ=A56RQ¿=BA§=?/:0IB>@13=BA;2;4 l 706R@68-K0I¿A;7¨§6PKL2 ¥çK¥:06R687L-M- l -4681 MØ-68-6R68: 5.LA :06R>@=?/2;A 2542568- ¥R=B: =BA;-I£/D6Ÿ706R46¥ 4687 @<br />

¤ K06R>@6RC£IB>6)§Ó4K06Ÿ2 :H4>@.-25I¿:§706R46¥ 425I¿: - l -4681<br />

¥ I¿1$@=)¥ l 2;-p=372#" ¥R.LA54Ó2;--@.06)§L=B-<br />

1325Q¿KO4/D6<br />

1325Q¿KO4QB6R4P=3A5IB4PIBC§C =BA;-6M=BA;=?>ç13-@<br />

¤<br />

6J6<br />

IB4K06R>3=?@.L-@25I¿:Å2;-§_I¿:¥4KL63/=B-2;-ˆIBCCK”:0I6PA;6870QB6$IBC=91$I7L68A­IBCJ4KL632;:H4>ç.L-2J5B6<br />

46¥<br />

I ¥ 68--3=B:7 6PKL=?4$4>@=)¥ 68- 254$I¿.0Q¿KO434IéA568=5B6€2;:©4KL6ŸIB/-6R> 5B687Ï- l -4681%@ $Ó44=)¥ K -25Q¿:L=?4.0>@68-3=B:L7<br />

- l -4681 5”.LA;:06R>ç=?/2;A;2542;68-f=?>6 -4IB>687¯2;:9= K”:0I 6PA56870QB6M/=B-6)§L=B:L7Ÿ=B: l =?44681$@.L-25I¿: @ ¤ K.L-§”=B: l =)¥ 425I¿: 6PK2 ¥@K2;-Ó:0IB4Ó6 O6¥ IBQ¿:243R6879=B-=B:<br />

IBC K”:0I6bA56870QB6 =?/DI¿.04(=?44=)¥ K”-@<br />

¤ K0613=B2;:O468:L=B: ¥ 6+=B:L7º42;1$68Al .0681368Al 5254=BAÌK06R>6)@ ¤ K06706R46¥ 425I¿:º4IOI¿AÌ2;:£4K2;- ¥R=B-6/D6¥ I¿1$68-<br />

-I¿:L1368:H4@<br />

l A5I 6 §=B:L7+4K06 706R4=B2;A5687%¥ I¿:O46 O4.=BA§=B:L=BAl -2 -13=KB68-P25468=B- l CEIB>P4KL6M-6¥R.0>@254 l I"7¥ 6R><br />

=BA;=?>@1´-p2;-E5B6R><br />

65B68:O42J5B6MIB> ¥ IB>@>6¥ 42J5B6 =)¥ 425I¿: @<br />

4I34=KB6<br />

IBCW=M1$I”7068A”IBCD/DIB4K$4K06P:LIB>@13=BA<br />

.0.


¥ I¿1$ ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4687¨§O=B-­4K06 l =?>64I”7L= l @4DÖ:(4KL2;-­-2 1$Ç68:&5”25>I¿:1$68:H4§O254 6J=B-= ¥ I¿1´1$I¿:<br />

¤ I7= l 6- K0I¿-4 Mh/=B-6873D A B”- >6813=B2;:Å=C .LA4II¿AÇC£IB>M.:L706R>@-4=B:7L2;:0Q3652;I¿.L-b=?44=)¥ K- =B:L7<br />

46¥@K:L2;N.068-@ , D A Bé4 l a- l -4681%§Ã65B68:O4§f=B:L7 -6¥R.0>ç254 l A;IBQ¿- I¿: 1„2;:L70I 6P- § ¤ =B:L7<br />

K”- KB6 l - l -4681 FA568-§=B:L7 6 O”6¥R.04=?/A;68-"5”2;= ¥@K06¥ K-.13-­=?4Ç>@6RQ¿.LA;=?>­2;:H46R> 5Ž=BA;-C£IB>Ã.L:L6 O68-6¥ 4Ã>68A;=?42;I¿: 4I 4K064K06CE>68NO.L68: ¥ l IBC©4K0663=)¥¥ 68--687 @ ¤ KL2 -P4 l @2;:0Q¿- =B:Å68A5681$68:O4=?> l A565B68AÇIBCÌ:06R4 6ÌIB> K&Mh/=B-687<br />

¥R2GF$¥<br />

425I¿:¯2;:O4I$4K06 KLI¿-4 Mh/=B-687968:(5”25>I¿:L1$68:O4@<br />

2;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:7L6R46¥<br />

6P: ¥ I¿13136R> ¥R2;=BAE5B6R>@-2;I¿:L-$2;: ¥RA;.706 I7. ¥ 4-aC£>I¿1 $ N § ¤ § L 68:O4>@=!O©C£>I¿1 L l /D6R> M<br />

1¥68A;AJMHK:0I<br />

B”=?CE6)§ ¥p68=BA*B6¥R.L>6´CE>I¿1 D B B£=B:L7 ¤ >@25@6)@ ÇIB>4-68:O4> l 2 - =¯KLI¿-4 Mh/=B-687º4- ¥R=B: 706R46¥ 4IB>3=B:L7<br />

ÃV<br />

! 6R>ç2GF68-p-.0¥¥ 68--pIB>pC =B2;A;.L>6ˆIBCÇ=B:€=?44=)¥ K<br />

.@<br />

- l -4681 =)¥ 42 52542;68-<br />

8@/5€I¿:L254IB>ç-p-4-p4KL=?4P:06R4 6ÌIB> K(Mh/=B-687€- l -46813-P1´2;--<br />

¥@<br />

1¥68A A MØ-.L254687ŸC£IB>p68:0¥ > l I¿:L1$68:O4-<br />

§@<br />

§b68=?> Mh>68=BAJMh42;1$6 706R46¥ 42;I¿:¯=B:L79>@68-68-p:0I3=B77L25425I¿:L=BADKL=?>ç76J=?>@6<br />

@<br />

I6J6R> ¥ I¿-4bIBC§68:O4> l<br />

£(@<br />

/D68KL=5”25IB>aIBCP4K06+- l -4681 =B:L7 4K06+2;:H4>ç.L-2J5B6 /©68K=5”25IB>(IBCp4K06+2;:H4>ç.L706R>@<br />

¤ K068-6+706R46¥ 4IB>@-$K=5B6 M<br />

=?4A568=B-4b2;:4K06RIB> l Mf=$1 . ¥çK9/D6R446R> ¥@K=B: ¥ 6MIBC"¥ IB>@>6¥ 4Al 706R46¥ 42;:0Q$4>ç.LAl 2;:O46R>68-42 :0Q(65B68:H4-b2;:+4K06<br />

-.0 5”2;-687Å- l -4681%§Ç-2;: ¥ 6$4KL6 l K”:0I 6)/DIB4K¨§_4K063@:L- IBC2;:O4>@.L-2 5B6a/D68KL=52;IB> =B:L7 ¥R=B:é>68A;=?46<br />

4K06 :0IB>@1´=BAD/©68K=5”25IB>pIBCÇ4K06 - l -4681%@<br />

4K0681U4Í<br />

U|byLr ¨ (nyw § n ¢¨§ ¢ w­r „| ¤¢¡ ¨ (nyw § ¡ s ¢<br />

ˆu<br />

Ö6¥ 4§6Ì6 KL=B7$>65”2566J687´7L2 ¥©6R>68:O44 l I¿-@-<br />

DÖ:34K06F>@-4f-4=?QB6bIBCW4K06p@I<br />

6JI§2;1$4=B:O4¦¥RA;=B--68-´IBC D A B”-§pK0I¿-4 Mh/=B-687D A B”- F , D A B Í =B:L7Ï:06R4 6ÌIB> K&Mh/=B-687D A B”- F § D A B I §<br />

4<br />

:0Q I¿:Ÿ4K06 -.0/-4>@=?46 I¿:%6PK2 ¥@K+4K06 l IB@=?46)@<br />

706R@.L-2;I¿:Ÿ706R46¥ 425I¿:]-4=?>4687Å2;:¯4K06 68=?>@Al .¤:B-b/D6RCEIB>6 :L6R4 6JIB> K-:6J6R>6(=B-P@65Ž=BA568:O4§<br />

@=)¥ 42 ¥ 6Ì4I >65”2566<br />

=B.7L254A5IBQ¿-§CEIB>Ç-.-@.-25I¿:L-6Ì6R>6Ó-. "7¥R2568:H4Al >ç=?>6f4KL=?4­=?CE46R> M<br />

4K06 MhC =)¥ 4b=B:L=BAl -2 -ÓI5B687¯=B7068NO.=?46 4I3@65B68:H4pC .04.0>@6ˆ=?44=)¥ K-@<br />

706R46R>@1´2;:L2;:0Q¯IB 1$6R4KLI7L- 4IÅ706RC£68=?4(4K0682;> C .04.0>6=?6´=B.04I¿13=?4687 §­K=5”2;:0Q965BI¿AJ5B687 -IB68-


Z0X¢¡+\_[¤£ fTWVŽZ¢³e§XB[¤£ÌV¦¥Ø\e §¥Z0XBZcX©¥h\e§jV³XBZ„V<br />

£¥¤¦£§¤¦£<br />

:L6R4 6JIB> K&Mh/=B-687 D A B]1$I¿:L254IB>@- 4K06$4>ç= " ¥(I¿:¥254- :06R4 6ÌIB> KÅ-6RQ¿1$68:O4M=B-M=97L=?4=9-I¿.0> ¥ 6)@ ¤ KL2;-ˆ2;-<br />

$<br />

l @68- =?>6)P F .Î -4>@2 :0Q9-25Q¿:L=?4.0>@68-§ F 8 I 4 -25Q¿:=?4.0>68-§_=B:L7 F ¥ Î K068=B706R> ¥ I¿:L725425I¿:<br />

4<br />

-25Q¿:=?4.0>68-@<br />

46 O”4Ã-4>@2;:0Qb4KL=?4Ã2;:L7L2 ¥R=?468-§= @6 F:06J4K06J-4>@2;:0Q<br />

B4>ç2;:0Qb-@25Q¿:L=?4.0>68-ÇA5II)KMCEIB>­=<br />

-25Q¿:=?4.0>6)@ $ ¥ I¿13@2;:0Q(-25Q¿:L=?4.L>6bCEIB>p= ¥ I¿131$I¿: 1¥6R/¯-6R> 5B6R>p=?44=)¥ K91325Q¿KO4Ó/D6 & ¥ Q¿2 Mh/2;:*<br />

6P:¨§_:06R4 6ÌIB> K&Mh/=B-687£2;:O4>@.L-25I¿:]706R46¥ 425I¿:¥- l -4681´- 2;: ¥RA;.L7L6 §b6R4 >I 6PA56R>§ §b6R4 ¥P=B:0QB6R>§<br />

1¥68A;AJMHK:0I<br />

§06R4 ¥@ B”:0IB>4p2;-= 5B6R> l ¥ I¿131$I¿:LAl .L-6879CE>6R68Al =5?=B2;A;=?/A56 A;25Q¿KO4 6J6825Q¿KH4 § D A B@<br />

B”KL=B7LI6<br />

Z0X¢¡+\_[¤£ +TWVŽZ¨¢¦§ ­V<br />

§XB[¿ZeiWX¿dfVŸ\_^<br />

I6J6R>@- ¥ I¿-4PIBCÇI6P:06R>ç-KL25<<br />

.@<br />

A 6R46¥ 4-ˆ=?44=)¥ K”-b4KL=?4PK0I¿-4 Mh/=B-687¯- l -46813-P132;--<br />

8@<br />

72#" ¥R.LA54ÓCEIB>P=B:Ÿ=?44=)¥ KB6R> 4I &Ö>681$I5B6 * 65”2;7068: ¥ 6<br />

¥@/5€IB>6<br />

¥P68=BA Mh42;1$6 706R46¥ 425I¿:¯=B:7+>68-68:H4bIB@=?42;:0Q- l -4681 ç13-§D=B:L7€KL68: ¥ 6)§WK0I¿-4 Mh/=B-687Å- l -46813-ˆKL=5B6<br />

¤<br />

/D6R68: .L-687MI¿: =b-2;:0Q¿A;6ÃIBç=?42;:0Qp- l -4681Á=?4I¿:06Ì42;1$6)@ :M4K06IB4KL6R>ÇKL=B:7¨§³:06R4 6ÌIB> K IB4I ¥ I¿A;-<br />

I¿:LAl<br />

¤ L D § " A D §=?>6ˆ-4=B:L7L=?>@7=)¥ >I¿--Ó1$I¿-4J13= IB>JIBç=?42;:0Q - l -4681x@1´-@ kÌl .-2;:0Q<br />

A;2JKB6<br />

B6¥ I¿:7¨§_=B.L7L254b4>@=B2;A;- =?>6(IBCE468:¥:0IB4 =5?=B2;A;=?/A56(2;:Å=42;1$68Al C =B-KL2;I¿:¨@ BI¿1$6 D A B”-ˆ=?>6$7068-@25Q¿:0687<br />

¤ K25>@7¨§_4KL6 =B.L7L2;4 4>@=B2;A;-M=?>@6´IBCE468:15”.LA;:06R>ç=?/A56)@¦DÖ:é-I¿1$6´@.706R>@-MKL=5B6<br />

QB68:06R>@=BA Al =)¥¥ I¿1$@CE=)¥ 6 ¥R=?>ç732;:(I¿1´2;- ¥R.0I¿.L-­1$I”7064I ¥R=?6<br />

=BA;A_:L6R4 6JIB> K9I¿-- 254-p:06R4 6ÌIB> KŸ-6RQ¿1$68:O4@ ¤ K068-6 =?>@6 4K068:¯6 ¥ I¿:L-@2;706R>687(4IM/D6ÓIBCD2;:H46R>@68-4f25C4K06 l 1´=?4 ¥@Ḱ = -25Q¿:L=?4.0>@6)@ ¤ KL>6R6@2;1´=?> l<br />

-25Q¿:=?4.0>64Ib>687L. ¥ 64KL6Ì:.L1 /D6R>_IBC0C =BA;-6f l 4I .L-6f= ¥ I¿1$@2;:0Q<br />

$ § A &=?Q¿A;2;134p-2;Q¿:L=?4.0>68--2 1$ ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯=?44681$@68NO.068:O4Al =?44=)¥ KB687 @4-@ N+O”=B1$68: 64a.L-687¥/ l 4K06 -2;46)§4K068:º2;: ¥ I¿132;:LQ9@6´-.L-J7=B:0QB6R>I¿.L-ÌIB>2;A;A5IBQ¿2 ¥R=BA0¥ I¿1 /2 :L=?425I¿:L-J2;:3ç-@ ¤ K06ˆ1$I¿-4<br />

,b68=B706R>-25Q¿:L=?4.0>@68-<br />

=B1$I¿.L-6 O0=B1$ Kº-4=B:L7=?>@7L-§­4K06+:06R4 6JIB> K(Mh/=B-687 D A B1¥R=B:§13I¿:L254IB>(=]KL6R46R>IBQB68:06RI¿.L-$-6R4(IBCPKLI¿-4-<br />

4K068-69:06R4<br />

:0Q3- l -46813-p-2 1 .LA;4=B:06RI¿.L-Al @<br />

=B:L79IB@=?42<br />

4I@C£IB>@1 4K06825>ˆ=B:L=BAl -2;-PI¿:€=-6R@=?46$K0I¿-4§©-I4K06(=B.L7L254bA5IBQ¿-ˆ1 .L-4P/D6 4>@=B:-C£6R>@>687¯CE>I¿1 4K06<br />

¥ 6 K0I¿-4b4I = 7L2¥D6R>68:H4b13=)¥@KL2 :06 CEIB>b7L=?4= =B:L=BAl -2;-@ -L.L>4K06R>@1$IB>@6)§4K06 IBç=?42;:0Q´- l -4681 ¥R=B:<br />

-I¿.0><br />

7L68A;= l 4KL6 6p>ç2542;:0QŸIBCp=B.7L254 A;IBQ¿- / l -65B6R>ç=BAJ1´2;:O.L468-@ ¤ KL6´/L>I¿=B70¥R=B-4a:=?4.0>6IBCp= $ § §<br />

IBCE468:<br />

K0I 6Ì65B6R>§Q¿2J5B68- 4K06$:06R4 6ÌIB> K&Mh/=B-687 D A B]:L68=?>@Al MØ2;:L-4=B:O4 =)¥¥ 68-@-M4IŸ=BA;A­7L=?4=Ÿ=B- -IOI¿:¥=B- 4K2;-ˆ7L=?4=<br />

2;-b4>@=B:L-1´2544687¯I¿:]4K06(:06R4 6ÌIB> K@ DÎ4ˆ2;-b4K068:€4b4KL6a=?44=)¥ K]706R46¥ 42;I¿:<br />

I ¥ 68--@<br />

4.0>@:L687§I¥=B.L7L25437=?681$I¿:L-3IB>+1$I”7L2GF687©4KL6¯=B.L7L254´4>@=B2;A @<br />

¤ KL2;-3=)¥ 42;I¿: ¥R=B: 68254K06R>´65B68:H4 4K06<br />


425I¿:„IBC 4K06]2 :H4>@.-25I¿:¨§ÓIB>9254 ¥R=B: >@681$I5B6¥4K063¥R=?@1 =)¥¥ I¿.:H4=?/2 A;254 l =B:L7<br />

706R46¥<br />

¥ I¿:O4>I¿A @ ¤ K06 :06R4 6JIB> K(Mh/=B-6877D A B£§OI¿: 4K06 IB4K06R>JK=B:L7¨§H K§<br />

7L=B13=?QB6<br />

-­4K06R>6RCEIB>6PA5IBQ¿2 ¥R=BA Al @IB46¥ 4687´CE>I¿1)-.L/(5B6R>@-@25I¿:¨@+B”2;: ¥ 6Ó4K06 D A B(2;-2 :&5”2;-25/A56f4IM4KL6P2;:O4>@.L706R>§<br />

=B:L732<br />

4IB>687¨@" :LA568--­=B.L7254­4>@=B2;A;-­=?>6/D682;:0Qˆ.L-687aCEIB>=)¥¥ I¿.L:O42;:0Q @@=?4IB>@-ÇIBCE468:<br />

4K06 6¦¥D6¥ 42J5B68:068-- IBCÃ4K06 D A BŸ2;-P:LIB4b706R@=?4IB> 6- ¥ I¿:”FQ¿.L>@=?425I¿:<br />

-I<br />

IBC­4K06M1$I¿:L2;4IB>687ŸK0I¿-4-@<br />

:L7¨§WF©:L=BA;Al §1´=B: l IBCJ4K06´1$IB>6 -6R>@25I¿.L-@Al 70I ¥R.L1$68:O46871¥R=B-68- IBC ¥ I¿1$a2;:H4>ç.L-25I¿:L-ˆKL=5B6<br />

$<br />

K0>@I¿.0Q¿K0I¿.04$4K06¯>68-43IBĈ 4K06Ÿ>@6R@4§;6J6€=B--@.L1$6Ÿ= ¤ L D 2;:O46R>@:06R4$4I 6ÌIB> K 6b254K¨@ DÖ: -. ¥çK<br />

¤<br />

KB6R4 MØ- 6P254 ¥çK0687Ï:06R4 6ÌIB> K-§Ó7L=?4=Å4I¥/D6+4>@=B:L-CE6R>>687§=)¥ >@I¿--32;-(7L2J5”2;70687 2;:O4I¥-13=BA;AJ K<br />

!$'<br />

6J=?>6 4I¦K”:0I6 K0I 6 4I+-68:L7€254P4I4K06 -6$=?4b4K06 >6¥ 682J5”2;:0Q<br />

KL=?>@7<br />

I¿1$p4K068:9>68=B-@-681 /A568-p4K06M7=?4=3=B:L79@:06R4Ÿ=B7L70>@68--4KL=?4Ÿ2;-<br />

NÌ=)¥@K<br />

I¿131a.L:L2 ¥R=?425I¿:16P254Ké4KL=?4 K0I¿-4§ ¥R=BA A5687£4K06 & D =B7L7L>68-- * @%Nf=)¥çKº=B770>68-- 2;- =¯<br />

.L-687º2;:£=BA;A;¥<br />

( ¥¤ ¢$# I § 6PKL6R>6 ( ˆ2;7068:O42GF68-J=a:L6R4 6JIB> K$§L=B:7 ¢$# 2;7068:O42GF68-J=(K0I¿-4JI¿:+4KL=?4:06R4 6JIB> K@<br />

F<br />

6PK06R>@6J4IM-68:L7(=ˆ@68=B706R><br />

¥pI¿.L46R>@-Ã.L-6Ó4K06:06R42;7a425I¿:aIBCD=B:$=B7L70>68-@-"6bK068:(706¥R2;7L2;:LQ<br />

K06 ( ¦ ( ©¨ #)# &# ¨´2;- =Ÿ:06R4 6JIB> K£A;= l 6R> @IB4I¥ I¿AÃ>@68-M/D68-4 Mh6¦¥DIB>4 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:<br />

¤<br />

l =)¥ >I¿-@- 4KL6]2;:O46R>@:06R4@ ¤ K06]-6R> 5”2 ¥ 6€2 - .L:L>68A;2;=?/A;69/©6¥R=B.-6€7068A 2J5B6R> l 2;-:0IB4<br />

A568--<br />

KL63/=B-2 ¥34>@=B:L-CE6R> .L:L2;4 IBCp=B:é2;:O46R>@:06R4 2 -M=B: ¨ ' ' ¤) '/ @ DÔ4 2;-M72J52 70687¥2;:O4Ī K068=B706R>(=B:L7<br />

¤<br />

K06+K068=B706R> ¥ I¿:O4=B2;:L-(4K06+-I¿.0> ¥ 69=B:L7©7068-42;:L=?425I¿: D =B7L70>68--68-a=B:7 =]4 l @:0687I¥ F =B--.L132 :0Qa2;4Ó2 -Ì687$I §0=B:L7+4KL6ˆ7=?4=$254C¥ I¿A A56¥ 4- ¥R=B:L:0IB4/D6<br />

254<br />

@ 1$I”7L2GF687<br />

¥ I¿A;A56¥ 42;I¿:ŸIBC=B.L7L2;44>@=B2;A;-b706RQB>@=B7068-P4K06 CEIB>@13=B: ¥ 6 IBC=313=)¥@K2;:06 /D682;:LQ31$I¿:L2 M<br />

-0I¿.L>4K¨§4KL6<br />

:0Q@ DÎCJ=B:L=BAl -2;- IBCf4KL68-63=B.L7L254ˆA5IBQ¿-M2 - =BA -I+4I9/©6(CEIB>@1$687€I¿:¥4K06$K0I¿-4§=B7L70687<br />

4.0>@:]I¥§=B.L7L2542<br />

¥¥R.0>@ DÔCW4K06 =B.7L254fA5IBQ¿-J=?>6 4>@=B:L-CE6R>>687 =)¥ >I¿--Ó= :L6R4 6JIB> Ḱ<br />

706RQB>@=B7=?425I¿:¦6b2;A;A0I<br />

IB>Ó= ¥ I¿131a.L:L2 ¥R=?425I¿:<br />

¥@K=B:L:068A”4I = -6R@=?46pKLI¿-4­C£IB>=B:L=BAl -2 -§BA5I¿--­IBC:L6R4 6JIB> K /=B:L76P2;7L4K 13= l 7L2 - ¥ I¿.0>@=?QB6=B7L132 :L2;-4>@=!M<br />

-. ¥çK+=B: D A B@ ¤ K06ˆ=BA546R>@:L=?42 5B6)§”:=B1$68Al §0=(:06R4 6JIB> K(Mh/=B-687%D A B§(6b2;A;A:LIB4Ó7L6RQB>@=B706<br />

4IB>@-ÓCE>I¿1!.L-2;:LQ<br />

¥ 6IBC©4K06PKLI¿-4-Ã/D682;:0Qˆ1$I¿:L254IB>@687¨@ ¤ K061$I¿:L254IB>@6873K0I¿-4-=?>@6p:0IB4f=6Ó=?>6pIBCD4K06 D A 4K06CEIB>@13=B:<br />

.042;A 243R687€=+:06R4 6ÌIB> K]=?4 -I¿1$6$@2;:LQ34K0632;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:¨@ 2 @6)@J§W4K06$2;:O4>@.L706R>:6J=B-ˆI¿1œ4K06(4=?>QB6R4@1 2;4KÅ4K06 ¥ I¿:H42;:.0687Å@I¿A;25CE6R>@=?425I¿:ŸIBCJ:06R4 6JIB> K”-M=B:L7Å2;:O46R> ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42 5254 l §<br />

6JIB> K”-M2;:Å=?44=)¥ K”- 6b2;A;A§I¿:LAl 2;:0¥ >68=B-6)@ -.0>4K06R>@13IB>6)§W4K063:06R4 6ÌIB> KÅ254-68A;C §D/D682;:0Q+=B:<br />

4K06$.L-6(IBCÓ:06R4<br />

¥ I¿1$68=B-6bIBCÇ:06R4 6JIB> K<br />

.-=?QB6ˆ4IaIB46¥ 44K06 K0I¿-4-Ó=?44=)¥@KL68794I$4K06ˆ:06R4 M<br />

6JIB> K-@+DÎ4 ¥R=B:¯1$I¿:L254IB>p=?44=)¥ K- A;=B.L: ¥çK06879=?Q¿=B2;:L-44K06M:06R4 6JIB> K9254-68A;C §0=B:Ÿ=?44=)¥ K94KL=?4PK0I¿-4 Mh/=B-687<br />

3R6R>@- 6JI¿.LA;7+IB/=?/Al 132;--@<br />

=B.L7L2;4J4>ç=B2;A_=B:L=BAl<br />

Uw­r*„| ¤¢¡¡ ¤Wwf~çz@oqz ¢ n ¤_zwy<br />

ˆuÖ…<br />

¥ I¿.L>@=?QB687Ÿ4I >68=B7 L I¿1 ¤&_C£IB>bCE.0>@4K06R>p706R4=B2;A;-@<br />

2;-Ó68:<br />

§ ë ¢§¦ fT©X?TDi_[HT <br />

£¥¤¦¥§¤©¨<br />

Q¿.L=?>@=B:O46R687¨@<br />

7L=?4=Å=?>68=B-@<br />

4KL=?4p2;7L68:H42GF68-Ì4KL6 ¥ I¿:H468:O4pIBCÇ4K06M7L=?4=?QB>@=B1%@ DÎCÇ=$7L=?4=?QB>@=B1 2 -JA =?>QB6R>P2;:+-243R6ˆ4KL=B:+4KL6M:06R4 6JIB> K”-<br />

4>@=B:L-C£6R>3.L:254§f254$2;-aIBCE468:§/L>I)KB68: 7LI6P:§2;:O4I¥-13=BA;A;6R>aCE>@=?Q¿1$68:O4-@<br />

-­A;=?Q¿-32;: 4K06ŸKL68=B706R>3-@=?Q¿1$68:O4=?425I¿:¯706R4=B2 A;-@<br />

-­25Q¿.0>@6 8@ .M-K0I 6P-P=B:%D Ï7=?4=?QB>@=B1%@ ¤ K06 ¥ I¿:H468:O4-ˆ=?>6)P<br />


F :06R4 6JIB> K ¥ I¿:O4>I¿A*I §O=BA A5I6P2 :0QM-68:L706R>ç-­4I 2;:L7L2 ¥R=?464K06P2;1$4=B:0¥ 6JIBCD68=)¥çK 7L=?4=?QB>ç=B1%@<br />

£<br />

k 254-' §("§_=B:7 ¤ -ç=B1q7068-2;>68-@1 K068:é-6R4§<br />

<br />

/254 >68N.068-4- A5I6x7068A;= l §Ç4K06©/254 >68N.068-4- KL25Q¿KÅ4K0>I¿.LQ¿K0@68NO.068-4-PKL25Q¿K+>@68A;2;=?/2;A<br />

¢ +* ¥ I¿:O4=B2;:L- = . Mh/2;4 .L:2;NO.L6M2;:H46RQB6R>ˆ4KL=?4 2;7068:O42GF68-P4K06a7=?4=?QB>@=B1%§W=B:L7<br />

<br />

- ¥ IBç=?Q¿1$68:H4-@<br />

2<br />

<br />

¤ ¢¥ , *-* ¦¢ ´2;-=.¥ Mh/254§F68A;7 4KL=?4Ç-ç25Q¿2;:L=BA<br />

*<br />

:9.L:L254-ÓIBC (I ¥ 46R4-§-4=?>@42;:0Q3=?4pI¥W-6R4 3R6R>I@<br />

7=?4=?QB>@=B1%§1368=B-.0>687Ÿ2<br />

* ¦ ¥ I¿:O4=B2;:L- ¥ Mh/254 (=?Q¿-P4K=?4:¥ I¿:O4>I¿A§C£>@=?Q¿1368:H4=?425I¿: @ ¤ K06 A;I6J6R> MhIB>@706R> 8$/2;4- ¥ I¿:H4>@I¿A<br />

<br />

F>@-4 ¥ I¿:H4>@I¿AÌ/254 =B2;7- 2;:é468-42;:0Q 6PK06R4KL6R> 4K06+7L=?4=?QB>@=B1 1´= l /D6<br />

CE>@=?Q¿1$68:O4=?425I¿:§=B:L7º4K06<br />

¢ .¢ / PF68A;7¯-@=B1œ2;-p=BA;A5I 6Ì687¯4I<br />

<br />

2;:O46R>@:06R4- l -4681%@ $7=?4=?QB>@=B1 6P254K+= 3R6R>I ¤ ¤ ¥2;-7L2;- ¥R=?>ç70687´/ l 4KL6 >@I¿.046R><br />

>@6813=B2;:+2;:4K06<br />

§ ¢¥¤ ¨§¢ 10 ¦2 68:L-.L>68-Ó2;:H46RQB>ç254 l IBCÇK068=B706R> 5?=BA;.068-@ DÔ42;-JC£IB>@13687 / l 4>@68=?42;:0Q(4K06<br />

©¨§¢<br />

=9-68N.068: ¥ 6(IBC . Mh/254 2;:H46RQB6R>ç-§=B7L7L2 :0Q´4K0681v4IBQB6R4KL6R> .L-2 :0Q´I¿:0606- ¥ I¿1$M=B-<br />

0 4 8 16 19 24 31<br />

VERS HLEN SERVICE TYPE TOTAL LENGTH<br />

IDENTIFICATION FLAGS FRAGMENT OFFSET<br />

TIME TO LIVE PROTOCOL HEADER CHECKSUM<br />

SOURCE IP ADDRESS<br />

DESTINATION IP ADDRESS<br />

IP OPTIONS (IF ANY)<br />

PADDING<br />

DATA<br />

...<br />

8@ .P ¤ KL6 C£IB>@1´=?4pIBCÇ=B:D 7L=?4=?QB>@=B1%@<br />

-­25Q¿.L>6<br />

£¢¥¤§¦ ¥ I¿:H4=B2 :L-p4K06 §Mh/254 5B6R>@-2;I¿:+IBCÇ4KL6 D ÏIB4I ¥ I¿A @<br />

¡<br />

©¨§¢ §Ã=BA;-I §Mh/254-§fQ¿2 5B68-$4K0697L=?4=?QB>@=B1‚K068=B706R>3A568:0QB4K§1368=B-.0>687§2;: ¥08 Mh/2;4 6ÌIB>@7-@<br />

$ A;A<br />

O¥ 6R@=B1 1$68=B-.0>@687Ÿ2;:I¥ 46R4-§<br />

<br />

: ¥RA;.L7L2 :0Q I ¥ 46R4-b2 :+4K06MK068=B706R> =B:L797L=?4= @<br />

2<br />

¢ §! ¨ ¢ §=BA -I ¥R=BA;A5687© © !"£# ¦ %$ & # ¦ §L2;-J=B: Mh/254JF68A;7 4KL=?4-@=B1 -K0I¿.LA;7+/D6 KL=B:L7A56879=B:L7Ÿ2;-Ó/>I)KB68:Ÿ70I 6P:Ÿ2;:O4I $-.0/LF68A;7L-P<br />

4KL6<br />

¤ K0>6R6 ¨ ¤&¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ /254-Ã-@=B1 6¥ 687L68: ¥ 6)§HCE>I¿1 : F :LIB>@13=BA*IÇ4KL>I¿.0Q¿K<br />

<br />

CE>@=?Q¿1$68:O4687¨@<br />

=B:7Ÿ=B:96R>>IB>b1$68--=?QB6a-68:H4P/=)¥ K+4I34K06M-I¿.0> ¥ 6)@<br />

¨ ¤ -@1´=?4pIBC§4KL6 A $ ¤ $}=?>68= M ¤ L "§D L 5) § " A §L6R4 ¥@<br />

.


§ ` ¡ ¦ VŽZLi ZeX<br />

£¥¤¦¥§¤¦£<br />

K060 '(/ #( #( # ¨ #)# & # ¨ ¯2;-3=¥4>@=B:-43A;= l 6R> IB4I ¥ I¿Ap4KL=?4¦6ÌIB> K”-3I¿:Ï4IB<<br />

¤<br />

F .I7B”4>68=B1<br />

¥ I¿A @ ¤ L ±.-68- 4K068-6$IB4I ¥ I¿A­4- 4I92;7068:O425C l 4K06$.LA542;13=?46(7068-42 :L=?425I¿:<br />

46RQB6R>§=B:7Å4K06(IB4I<br />

§4Í /©6 /D6R4 6J6R68: 4K06 ¤ L !-IBC£4 6J=?>@6]I¿: 4 6ÌI§13=)¥çKL2;:068-2;-7¥R=BA;A5687 =¨ ¤)/ ( @<br />

¤<br />

/=)¥ K2;:LQ§=B: =)¥ K”:0I6PA;6870QB681$68:O4Ì4>@=5B68A;2;:0Q C£>@I¿1 13=)¥çKL2;:06 $ 4I(13=)¥çKL2;:06 k 13= l 4>@=5B68A2 :34K06 -=B1$6<br />

¥§=B:L7$4K068:34=K2;:LQM4K06pI¿:0606-;¥ I¿1$68-.LA54@DÔ4I¿:LAl =?b=B:L7Ÿ:0IB44I 4K06M7L=?4= @<br />

2<br />

2¤ ¢ ¨ ( ¤ ¢¦ ¦ '( ¢¦ ¨ §§ ¤ ¢ ¦ ¦ ¥ I¿:O4=B2;:94K06 ¥08 Mh/254 D =B7 M<br />

¦<br />

6- -68:L706R>p=B:L7¯2;:H468:70687+>6¥R2568--68-IBC­4K06M7=?4=?QB>@=B1<br />

( ±-K0I 6P-4K06 /©6RQ¿2 :L:L2;:0Q IBC­4K06 7L=?4=3=?>@68=$IBC§4KL6 7L=?4=?QB>@=B1%@<br />

IBC D "§ÌI 52;72;:0Q£=£>@68A;2;=?/A5694>ç=B:L-4´-6R> 52 ¥ 6)@<br />

¤ K06¯2;:O46R>C =)¥ 6€/D6R4 6Ì6R68: =?@2568:O4=?425I¿:¨§ F 8 I ! 2;>4.L=BA L 25> ¥R.L254 L I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¨§ F ¥ I k .$¥D6R>687 ¤ >@=B:L-CE6R>§ F §(I " :L-4>ç. ¥ 4.0>687 B”4>68=B1%§<br />

=B:L7 4K06 ¤ L D >68A;2;=?/A;6¯7068A;2J5B6R> l -6R> 52 ¥ 6 ¥R=B: /D6 ¥@K=?>@=)¥ 46R>@243R687„/ l £CE68=?4.0>68-P<br />

L I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿: @ ¤ L ©.L-68-J=M46¥@K:L2;N.06 K”:0I6b: =B-&Ö68A;2 =?/A56ˆ7068A;2J5B6R> l @<br />

¤ L<br />

6P254K+>@6R4>@=B:L-132<br />

6P-M1a.LA5425@2568-2 :3A568:0QB4K¨§O706RpC .04.0>@6M.L-6)@<br />

©¤&¢¦<br />

.


F 68-4=?/A;2;-K §$¥RA5I¿-6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:-§6R4 ¥@ I @ ¤ K06M/254- F CE>I¿1œA56RC£4P4I >@2;Q¿KH4 Ip=B:L7Ÿ4K0682;>b1$68=B:L2 :0Q¿-§2;C<br />

$ L ¡ P $:¥ K”:0I6PA;6870QB681$68:O4pF68A;792 -E5Ž=BA;2 7<br />

<br />

EB , P ¤ KL2;--6RQ¿1368:H4p>@68NO.068-4-P=$I¿:L243R6 -68N.068: ¥ 6 :.L1 /D6R>@-<br />

B<br />

§ P£B68:L706R>pKL=B-P>68=)¥@KL687Ÿ68:L7+IBCÃ254-/ l 46 -4>68=B1<br />

-D<br />

¦ "§¦Á2 -Ã=%. Mh/254Ã.L:L-2;Q¿:0687(2;:H46RQB6R>f4KL=?4=B75B6R>42;-68-K0I6 1a. ¥çK37L=?4=ˆ4K06 ¤ L ¥-IBC£4 6J=?>@6<br />

<br />

- 6P2;A;A 2;:0Q 4I =)¥¥ 6R l 42;136M254p-68:L7L-=´-6RQ¿1$68:O4@<br />

2<br />

¨§¢ 10 ¦2 ¥ I¿:H4=B2;:-Ì= . Mh/254J2;:H46RQB6R>E¥@KL6¥ K”-.L1!.L-687´4I 5B6R>@25C l 4K06b2 :H46RQB>@2;4 l IBCW4K06 7L=?4=<br />

<br />

¤ L £K068=B706R>@DÔ4Ç6R


anything<br />

/ reset<br />

begin<br />

CLOSED<br />

passive open<br />

close<br />

syn / syn + ack<br />

LISTEN<br />

active open<br />

/ syn<br />

reset<br />

send<br />

/ syn<br />

SYN<br />

RECVD<br />

syn / syn + ack<br />

SYN<br />

SENT<br />

close /<br />

timeout /<br />

reset<br />

ack<br />

syn + ack / ack<br />

close / fin<br />

ESTAB-<br />

LISHED<br />

fin / ack<br />

CLOSE<br />

WAIT<br />

close / fin<br />

close / fin<br />

FIN<br />

WAIT-1<br />

fin / ack<br />

CLOSING<br />

LAST<br />

ACK<br />

ack /<br />

ack /<br />

fin-ack / ack<br />

ack /<br />

timeout after 2 segment lifetimes<br />

FIN<br />

WAIT-2<br />

fin / ack<br />

TIMED<br />

WAIT<br />

-­25Q¿.0>6 8@¦¥P ¤ K06 ¤ L ©F:L2546 -4=?46a13=)¥@K2;:06)@<br />

.


` ¡ ¦ §XBT©XBZ§SUTWcHd ¥ÎeZ<br />

£¥¤¦¥§¤¦¥<br />

K06ÓIB@=?425I¿:(IBC ¤ L ¥R=B:3/©6Ó6 O”6R42 ¥R=BAL13I7068A ¥R=BA;A;687$=¡ (0 ¦') /1' & ¢ ( @<br />

¤<br />

8@¦¥ˆ-KLI6P-­4K06 ¤ L ]F:L2546-4=?46p1´=)¥@KL2;:L6)§ 6P254K ¥R25> ¥RA;68-§>@6R68-68:O42;:0Qˆ4K06p-4=?468-f=B:L7$=?>>I 6P-<br />

-­25Q¿.0>6<br />

:0Qb4>ç=B:L-25425I¿:-/D6R4 6J6R68:(4K0681%@ ¤ KL6JA;=?/D68AOI¿:a68=)¥@K$4>@=B:-25425I¿:a-K0I 6P- 6PKL=?4 ¤ L Å>6¥ 682 5B68-<br />

>6R@68-68:H42<br />

4I¦¥R=B.L-6M4K06M4>@=B:-25425I¿:¨§0=B:L76PKL=?4p254p-68:7L-2;:+>68-6a=?4P68=)¥çK¯68:L7LI¿1 =B:0IB4K06R>ˆ13=)¥@K2;:06 I §<br />

1a.L-4P2;-@-.06M68254KL6R>b=2!$'<br />

' & $) #!0¦( ¥ I¿1´13=B:L7 F 4I£2;:L2;42;=?46= ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:$I @ $b:§=)¥ 42 5B69IB ¥ 68-3=<br />

IB>3=B:<br />

IÅ=B:©=?44=)¥ KB6R>§J=Å13=)¥çKL2;:062;-(= ¥ I¿A A56¥ 425I¿: IBCp4-§+¥ I¿131a.L:L2 ¥R=?425I¿: 68:L70@7L2<br />

=BA;Al 1$68=B:L- 4IÅ7L2;- ¥ I 5B6R> 6bKL=?4 4- IBCp=€KLI¿-4 =?>6+A;2;-468:L2;:0Q9CEIB><br />

4K064-MIBCP=€13=)¥@K2;:06´68-@-68:H42<br />

I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:L-@ ¥<br />

­c”TWeÁX8j£¢ZV<br />

/D6R>ÓIBC46¥@K:L2;N.068-KL=5B6 /©6R68:97L65B68A5IBp-.L> 5B6 l 2 :0Q 4KL6 IB4I ¥ I¿A;-=B:L7+4-ÓI¿: 6PKL2 ¥@K<br />

$Á:O.L1<br />

=+4=?>QB6R4 1´=)¥@KL2;:L6(2 - A;2;-468:L2 :0Q@ ¤ K06 l =BA;A­I¥D6R> 7L2¥D6R>68:O4 /D68:06 F4- =B:7ÅIB/A5681´-@ ¤ KL6 F$5B631$I¿-4<br />

706R46¥ 4§©=?>6 7068- ¥ >@25/D687/©68A;I6 @<br />

4Í<br />

9 ' #""(' ¥¤§¦ ' - P ¤ KL2;- 2;-P4KL6(13I¿-4b/=B-2 ¥ C£IB>@1œIBC ¤ L „- ¥R=B:L:L2;:LQ@ ¤ K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4 F I<br />

.@<br />

- l -4681 ¥R=BA;AI 52 70687 / l 4K069IB@=?42;:0Q¥- l -4681 2 -$.L-687©4I£IB l<br />

:H46R>68-42;:0Qp4_I¿: 4K06Ì1´=)¥@KL2;:L6)@DÔC4KL6f42;-A;2;-468:L2 :0Q§ ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4 F Ï 6P2 A;AB-. ¥¥ 6R687¨§?IB4K06R> 6P2;-6<br />

2<br />

64a>68=)¥çKL=?/A56)@ $ :©=B75Ž=B:O4=?QB694IÅ4KL2;- 46¥@KL:2;NO.L62;-a4KL=?4$254a70I68-: 64$:06R687©=B: l<br />

4KL64a2;-:<br />

-pI¿:Ÿ1$I¿-4 " § D Á/DIO”68- ¥R=B:€.L-6 4KL2;- ¥R=BA A @ $ :0IB4K06R>P=B75?=B:O4=?QB6<br />

2 -p-4bIBCÃ- ¥R=B:¯2;-p68=B-2;Al 706R46¥ 4=?/A56a=B:L79F©A546R>@=?/A56)@ ¤ K06<br />

6P2;A A_-K0I 6.¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:€=B:7¯6R>>@IB>b1$68--@=?QB68-ˆC£IB>b4K06a-6R> 52 ¥ 68- 6PK2 ¥@KŸ=)¥¥ 6R@QB6R4ˆKLI¿-4bA5IBQ¿-<br />

¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯=B:L794K068:ŸK=5B6 2;4p2;131$687L2 =?468Al -K.0470I 6P:¨@<br />

4KL6<br />

£ - =* < ©¨ ' - P ¤ KL2;- 46¥@K:L2;N.0632;- IBC£468:é>6RCE6R>>687Å4Ī =B-!&K=BA5C MhIB 70I 6P:€4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿: F 4K06 KB6R>@:068AÇ70IO68-b4KL2;- I @ ¤ K06 @2;1´=?> l<br />

=B7 5Ž=B:O4=?QB6´IBCJ4KL2;- - ¥R=B::L2;:0Q+46¥@K:L2;N.0632;-ˆ4KL=?4MCE66J6R> -25468- 6b2;A;AÇA5IBQŸ254@ "b:LC£IB>4.:L=?468Al § 6J6<br />

¥R.L-4I¿1 B § IIB4p@2J5”2;A56RQB68-J4I3/.L2;A;74K068-6<br />

£ - =* < ' - +P ¤ K06R>@6Ó=?>@642;1$68-6PK068:(65B68: B § - ¥R=B:L:L2;:LQ 2;-@: 644¥RA;=B:L7068-42 :06Ì68:LI¿.0Q¿K¨@<br />

¥@<br />

-§¿@-=B:L7´IBQB>@=B1´- 6Ó=?4 ¥@KCEIB>EB §b-f4I >@68-4>@2 ¥ 4687´@4-4I(706R46¥ 4<br />

B”I¿1$6pF>@66J=BA;A<br />

- ¥R=B:L-@ -D §ÁbKL=B:L7 §L13= l /D6M=?/A56M4Í @I¿.0Q¿KŸ.L:L7L6R46¥ 4687¨@<br />

4KL68-6<br />


K06 2 7068= 2;-Ì4KL=?4 ¥RA5I¿-687 4-Ì468:L74Ia>@6R687 ¤ L<br />

4-§I¿:€4K06<br />

§±6R6 - ¥R=B:+4.L>@:L-ÌI¿: 4KL6-D § §("©¥ G §L=B:L7<br />

=a/=?>@6-D<br />

,£(=?Q¿-@ EB<br />

KB6R>@-$4 l ç132;:06 6bKL=?4 -6R> 5”2 ¥ 68- >@.L:¥I¿:º4K06<br />

$Ó44=)¥<br />

K.L-§_=+4- ¥R=B:¥2;- =B:¥2;:L7L2 ¥R=?425I¿:]4KL=?4M=+@.706R> 2;- 4> l 2 :0Q+4I9Q¿=B2;:<br />

¤<br />

4I3=B:9=?44=)¥ KŸ=B:7= ¥ >ç2542 ¥R=BA©@687L. ¥ 6ˆ4K06<br />

¤ KL6M-:L2¥D6R> ¥R=B:Ÿ68=B-2;Al /D6 ¥ I¿:”FQ¿.0>687¯2;:+IB>@706R>4I F©A546R> 604K06M2;:0¥ I¿132;:0Q(@2;:0Q+=B:L7£7=?4=Ÿ=)¥RNO.2;-25425I¿: @ ¤ K2;- -IBCE4 6Ó=?>6¦6Ó=B-<br />

¤ KL6¯4>@= " ¥€IBC 2;:O46R>68-47¥R=B: /©6]-Q¿.1$68:H4-76PKL68: 4 ¥ f4I 4K06 -D § - ¥R=B: 1$68:O425I¿:0687=?/DI5B6)@ ¤ K06 -D §- ¥R=B: .-68-<br />

@ <br />

"= =;' - P ¤ K2;-Ì2 -=BA;-I$-2;132 A;=?>f4I34KL6-D § - ¥R=B:¨§06 O ¥ 6R@:L-JI¥=BA;A<br />

(©=?Q¿-@<br />

IB 52 ¥ 68-§¿4I Q¿=B2;:$2;A;A;6RQ¿=BA=)¥¥ 68-@-<br />

4I94K063- l -4681%@<br />

1$IB>6p2 :0C£IB>ç13=?425I¿:(=?/DI¿.04 l I¿.0>f- l -4681%§H=B:7(<br />

/ l =$1a.LA54254.L7L6)@ 7L=B13=?QB6<br />

¢ ¢ z£¢tr<br />

ˆu‡<br />

I”7L. ¥ 68-£5B6R> l 7L6R4=B2;A5687<br />

B”:L24"´4 k > ¤ O2;-W=p:L6R4 6JIB> K -:L2¥D6R>WC£IB> ¤ L " A D L 5) Ÿ@1´=?425I¿: =?/DI¿.04W4K06I¿.0Q¿K l I¿.0>Ç:06R4 6JIB> K F B N§¦ § $ L ¡ § ¤ ¤ +§ 1„2;: M<br />

70I 6 §@J@J@ I =B:L7a68:H4ÇCEIB>@13=?4- F K06 O IB>­@:06R4=B:L7% £7065”2 ¥ 68-§B/.044¥R=B:$68=B-2;Al /©6ÓCEIB> ¥ 687$2;:O4IM.L-2;:LQbIB4K06R>7L652 ¥ 68-@ ¤ K06ÓIB>@25Q¿2 M<br />

:L=BAB7L2 -4>@25/.L425I¿: ¥R=B: /D6­7LI6P:LA;I¿=B70687 CE>I¿1 *' '© ¨¨&' % # ¨ &'¨ ' ('<br />

:0Q$>68-.A54-68=B-256R> 4I -4.L7 l I @ ¤ K06 ¥ I¿:”FQ3FA56 =BA;A5I6b- l I¿.€4Í /D6 5B6R> l -


KB6R4-ÌI¿: 4K06P:L6R4 6P2;A AO/D6P7.L1$ 6P2;-6)§¿I¿:LAl 6bKL2 ¥@K36 O@68--25I¿:32 -¤ 4>@.0606(6P2;A;A<br />


ÇIB>4 B”68:H4> l 6P2;A;AH>6R4­=BA;A&5”25I¿A;=?42;I¿:L-4I 4KL6JA5I ¥R=BAIB>­>681$IB46p- l -A5IBQˆ7L=?681$I¿:L-­2;:7L2 ¥R=?42;:0Qb4K06<br />

<br />

l -4681x:L=B1$6)§42;1$6PIBC_=?44=)¥ K§L=?44=)¥ K”2;:0Q(K0I¿-4 D =B:L734K06 ¤ L ºIB> " A @4f= ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:<br />

-<br />

<br />

B68:O4> l 6P2;A AD/2;:L74Í 6 MØ706 F:0687 ¤ L Ï=B:L7 " A 4-4I 6Ó=B254pCEIB>b= ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:¨§2;4 6P2;A;A<br />

ÇIB>4<br />

4p4I3/A5I ¥ K4K06MK0I¿-4@ ¤ KL2;-Ó2;-KLI6 5B6R>ç-25I¿: : @¦:´=B:79/D68A5I6 6JIB> KB687¨@ ¤ KL2;-Ó2;- ¥ I¿1$@68=)¥<br />

1$I¿-4 " § D - l -46813-@ ¤ 6JI :L66„13I7068-fIBC_IB@=?425I¿:2;: £ #0 ?]68A;2;1´2;:L=?46p4K06ˆ:06R687 4I<br />

6P254K<br />

' £ / £ F -6¥ 425I¿: 8@¦ I §Ã=9 F .L-6RC .LAÃCEIB> :06R4 6ÌIB> K¥4>ç= " ¥3706R/.LQBQ¿2;:0Q§6R4 ¥I §­IB> =B-a=<br />

D$:0IB>@13=BA 2438=?425I¿:¨§ED 706 MhCE>@=?Q¿1$68:O4=?425I¿:¨§ ¤ L x-4>68=B1‚>68=B--681 /Al =B:L7 -4=?42;-42 ¥R=BAb=B:0I¿13=BAl<br />

"©¥<br />

425I¿: @ B”:LIB>4K=B-+4K0>6R6Å@2;1´=?> l >@.L: Mh42 1$6]13I7068-P -:2¥©6R>§p§ =B:L7„:06R4 6JIB> K<br />

706R46¥<br />

G +@<br />

£¢;( , #¨¥¤ 1 KL68: 2 :é4KL2 - 1$I”706)§CB0:0IB>4 >@68=B7L-(=B:L7©706¥ I7L68-a=BA AÌI¿1¢4K06<br />

<br />

6JIB> K€=B:L7€7L.L1$ç=B25Q¿KH4ˆ-:L24" :0Q´1$I”706)§©.L-6<br />

:L6R4<br />

& MH5 *5B6R>/DI¿-6- 6P254 ¥çK¨@ ! =?>ç25I¿.L-MIBç13=?4 4K06´68:O4Al @ ¤ K06<br />

4KL6<br />

4K06 2;:. O £ 8¡ - / £ '!< - " ¥ I¿1313=B:L7¨§ k B A £ 8¡ ¥ I¿1´13=B:L7¨§0=B:L7³IB>70>@IB@=?4KL=B-Ó4K0>6R6 ç2;13=?> l C .L: ¥ 42;I¿:L=BAD1$I7L68-@4DÎ4 ¥R=B:+/D6 .L-6879=B-P=$-4>@=B25Q¿KO4pA;2JKB6<br />

C .LA;A©/A5I 6P:9:06R4 6JIB> K92;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:9706R46¥ 425I¿:Ÿ- l -4681%@<br />

B”:LIB>4JA;IBQ¿-ÌE' £ /¤£<br />

l CEIB>@13=?4JIB>2;:%B”:0IB>4 6-Ó706¥ I”70687 $ B L D DÃCEIB>@13=?4<br />

/2;:L=?><br />

= KL256R>@=?> ¥@KL2 ¥R=BA-6R4fIBCW7L25>@6¥ 4IB>@2568-Ã4KL=?4J=?>6b:=B1$6873/=B-6873I¿:34KL6 D º=B7L7L>68--ÃIBCW4K06P>681$IB46ˆK0I¿-4@<br />

4I<br />

ÌA;.0QMØ2;:L-Ì=BA;A5I 6<br />

4KL6 706R46¥ 42;I¿:9=B:L7´>@6R@42;:0Q -@.0/- l -46813-Ì4I /D6 6 O468:70687¨@ $ 5Ž=B2;A =?/A56p 95 §A5IBQBQ¿2 :0Q§-1´=BA;A_CE>@=?Q¿1$68:O4 7L6R46¥ 425I¿:¨§D4- ¥R=B:]706R46¥ 425I¿:¨§W=B:L7), ¤ ¤<br />

2;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:7L6R46¥ 425I¿:¨@<br />

4>ç= " ¥ 4KL=?4P-@K0I6P-P.06879/ l .L-2;:0Q k - F©A546R>@-@<br />

808


IBCÓ7L25>@6¥ 4IB>@2568- /=B-687ÅI¿:Å4K06 D =B7L70>@68--68- IBCÌ4KL6a6)@ ¤ KL6 l ¥R=B:¥=BA;-I9/D6<br />

!"#$ ©%& (')!*# , #¨¥¤ B0:0IB>4a68:H46R>@- D A B 1$I”70676PK068:§=3¥ I¿:”FQ¿.0>ç=?425I¿: FA56+2;-<br />

1 KL68:¥=B:¥=BA56R>4ˆ>@.LA56aQBI68-ˆI¥ 4K06$=BA56R>@4M7L=?4=+2;- A5IBQBQB687Å4I94K06$=BA56R>42 :0Q91$6¥@KL=B:2;-1<br />

13I706)@<br />

/D6a706RCE=B.A54p=$FA;6 ¥R=BA;A5687 &=BA56R>4 *´2 :94K06 A;IBQBQ¿2;:0Q´7L2;>6¥ 4IB> l I2;:Ÿ=B77L25425I¿:94I /D682;:0Q3A5IBQBQB687€4I<br />

F<br />

K06´7L6RCE=B.LA;4MA5IBQBQ¿2;:0Q¯725>6¥ 4IB> l 2;- ¨(#¨ ) ¨, ) '§£6PKL2 ¥çK ¥R=B:<br />

¤<br />

¤ K068-6+-.0/- l -46813-M>@2 7063I¿:º4IB< IBC4KL6A;2;/L@.A568-Ã@-@2;:0Q§¿=B:L7 7L=?4= -4>ç. ¥ 4.0>6QB68:06R>ç=?425I¿:´4=KB68-Ì6p4KL6P-:L2¥D6R><br />

QB>@=B1<br />

425I¿:Å2;- 2;:L2;42;=BA;243R687¨§0KB6R6R687<br />

-6¥<br />

=)¥çKL2565B6 4KL6 /=B-6M@IBQB>@=B1UC .L: ¥ 425I¿:L=BA 254 l @<br />

4Í<br />

¤ K067L6¥ I706f68:0Q¿2;:06f2 -WIB>Q¿=B:L243R687 =?>I¿.L:L7ˆ4KL6ÌA;= l 6R>@-_IBC”4K06IB4I¥ I¿AO-4=)¥ K 68-68:O42;: 4K06Ì-.0 A;=?46R>M=B:L=BAl -2 -ˆ/ l 4K063706R46¥ 425I¿:¥68:LQ¿2;:06)@¦B”:0IB>4ˆ@I5”2;7068-ˆ706¥ I”7L2;:0Q%¥R=?@:06R4§0B<br />

:H4=B2;:-Ì254-Ó706R46¥ 42;I¿: >ç.LA568-J2;: =a4 6ÌI37L2 1$68:L-25I¿:=BALA;2;:KB687A;2;-4fIBC 6PK=?4Ó=?>@6b46R>@13687 L KL=B2;:<br />

B”:0IB>@4J13=B2<br />

L KL=B2 : @6ˆA 2;-4-ÌIBC>@.LA;68-Ì4K=?4ÓK=5B6 /D6R68: ¥ I¿:L7068:L-687+70I 6P:+4I$=(A;2;-4<br />

,b68=B706R>@-=B:L7<br />

I¿1313I¿:=?44>ç25/.0468-J2;:34KL6 L K=B2;: ,b68=B706R>@-§ 6P2;4Ḱ 4K06 706R46¥ 425I¿:91$I”7L2GF6R>IB@=?42;I¿:]FA56)@ _IBQBQB6R>a1$I7L632;-ˆ68--68:O42;=BA;Al 7L2;-=?/A5687 6bK068:¥2;:<br />

=?>@6´=BA;AÃ-@.L::L2;:0Q$7L2;-4- ¥R=B:é=BA -I+/©63-68:H4 4Ī - l -A;IBQ F =B:L7£1$I¿:L2;4IB>68736P254KÅ-I¿1$6R4K2;:0QŸA;2JKB6$- 6Ó=?4 ¥@KI §<br />

=BA;6R>4-@<br />

4K06 l ¥R=B:€/D6 -68:O4PI¿.04 =B-/1„2;: ÇIB6(= 5?=?>@256R4 l IBC<br />

IB><br />

IB4KL6R>b=BA56R>42 :0Q$=B:L7ŸA5IBQBQ¿2;:LQ31$6¥@KL=B:2;-13-p=5Ž=B2 A;=?/A56)@<br />

£¥¤£¢§¤©¨<br />

Ãe\_[¿X]V £ JVYjV³XBZ„V<br />

B”:0IB>@4 6-$=?> ¥@KL2;46¥ 4.0>6Ÿ2;-aCEI¥R.L-687©I¿:©@C£IB>@1´=B: ¥ 6)§f-2;13@6+=?>@694K0>6R6<br />

@2 13=?> l -.0/- l -4681´-P4KL=?4 13=KB6$.0< B”:0IB>@4Pp4K06a§4K06$706R46¥ 42;I¿:Å68:0Q¿2;:06)§D=B:L7]4K06<br />

ç2;:0Q ¥R=?IM<br />

A5IBQBQ¿2;:LQ€=B:L7 =BA56R>42;:LQ€-.0/- l -4681%@<br />

9 < £"- ' &¦' #¨"<br />

7L=?4=!MØA;2 :K¥=B:L7 ¤ L D ÁIB4I ¥ I¿AÌ706 F©:L25425I¿:L-@Nf=)¥@K©-.L/L>I¿.042;:L632;:é4KL6 706¥ I”706R>(2;1$ç706R><br />

I¿:94K06 @A = l 2;:0Q37L=?4=3-4>@. ¥ 4.0>68-ÓI¿:Ÿ4K06 >@=6<br />

:06R4 6JIB> K4>@= " ¥@ ¤ KL68-6M706¥ I”7L2;:0Q<br />

>I¿.042 :068-§=?>@6C¥R=BA;A;687 2;: IB>@706R>Ç4K0>I¿.0Q¿K 4K06JIB4I ¥ I¿A”-4=)¥ K§¿CE>I¿14KL6J7L=?4= A;2;: KˆA = l 6R>Ã.0I¿.0Q¿K 4K06<br />

4>@=B:L-@4bA;= l 6R>§DF:L=BA;Al 68:7L2;:0Q=?4 4KL6a=?


L K=B2;: Ì6 O”=B13@4 l F05B6 L G D M k D § IB/D6706R46¥ 425I¿:´>@.LA568-­=?>6b-4Ó706R46¥ 425I¿:ŸA;2;/L>@=?> l F©A56)§”4K06 l QB68:06R>ç=BA;Al =BA A©-@KL=?>6 ¥ I¿131$I¿:9-I¿.0> ¥ 6M=B:L797068-42;:L=?425I¿:7D<br />

Q¿2J5B68:<br />

¤ I+-6 ¥ I¿:L7068:-687<br />

=B7L70>@68--68-ˆ=B:L7]4-@<br />

= -@2;:0Q¿A56 L K=B2;: ,b68=B706R>Ì=B:L7´4K068:´2 :L7L2J5”2;7L.L=BA706R46¥ 425I¿:-25Q¿:=?4.0>68-=?>6 KB6R@.0¥<br />

KL68-6>@.LA;6 ¥@KL=B2 :L-=?>6Ì-68=?> ¥@KL687 >6¥R.L>@-2J5B68Al CEIB>68=)¥çK 6¥ 425I¿:L-@ ¤ K06f706R46¥ 42;I¿:<br />

¤<br />

¤ K06€F>@-4>ç.LA56¯4K=?4Ÿ13=?4 ¥@K068-¯= 7L6¥ I70687„@25QBQB6R>ç- 4KL6£=)¥ 425I¿:<br />

K06Ì=BA56R>42;:0Qb=B:L7 A5IBQBQ¿2 :0Qb-.L/- l -4681 2;-§-68A56¥ 4687a=?4§>@.: Mh42;1$646P2;4K ¥ I¿1313=B:L7aA;2;:L6- 6P254 ¥çK068-@ ¤ K06R>6<br />

¤<br />

K063A5IBQBQ¿2 :0Q9IB 706¥ I”70687¨§­KO.13=B:£>68=B7=?/A56´CEIB>@13=?4 4I]=B: D 4Mh/=B-687º7L25>6¥ 4IB> l -4>@. ¥ 4.0>@6)§IB>(2;:<br />

@6¥ IB>@7Ÿ4I4K06 72;- K9=B:L7<br />

¤ K06 - l -A5IBQ]=BA56R>4-a=?>6<br />

K06R>6´=?>@6´4 6JI]IB(-68:L7L2 :0Q94K06<br />

¤<br />

KB6R4bK068=B706R>b2;:0CEIB>@13=?425I¿:4K0>I¿.LQ¿K+4K06 4>@=B:L-4A;= l 6R>P@IB4I¥ I¿A @ ¤ K06ˆCE=B-4b=BA56R>4IB@25468-<br />

2;:0CEIB>@13=?425I¿:¯4I 4K06(=BA56R>4bFA56)§D=BA;A5I 6P2;:0Q QB>68=?46R> CEIB>@13=B: ¥ 6<br />

=7¥<br />

KL6R>6´2;- =9FCE4K£IB>@.LA56)@<br />

(=?Q¿-b-6¥<br />

6R46¥ 425I¿:€ˆ=?4b>@.: Mh42;1$6)@<br />

:+4K06 >@.LA56 706 F©:L25425I¿:+=B:L79>@6R4.0>@:L-@<br />

- >¡ - = "> ? /<br />

9<br />

=?>6 ¥R.0>@>68:H4Al 4K0>6R6 A5IBQBQ¿2;:0Q9=B:L7ÅF$5B63=BA56R>42;:0Q+IBç13=?4fA5IBQBQ¿2;:LQ =BA;A5I 6P-ÃC =B-4f=B:L=BAl -2;-­IBC<br />

-K0I¿.A;7+/D6M.L-687¯2 :92;:L-4=B: ¥ 68- 6PK06R>6MK25Q¿K9CEIB>@13=B: ¥ 6M2;-p>68NO.25>687¨@ IBQBQ¿2;:0Q¦¥R=B:]=BA;-Í /©6 4.L>@:0687<br />

I¥ ¥ I¿1$4-68:L=?/A;687+C£IB>p65B68:¯QB>68=?46R> @C£IB>@1´=B: ¥ 6M2;1$@I5B681$68:O4-@<br />

$ A56R>4- 13= l 68254KL6R> /©6(-68:O4 4IŸ- l -A5IBQ§_A5IBQBQB687¥4I9=B:¥=BA56R>@4 46 O”4 FA;6a2;:€4 6JĪ 7L2 ¥©6R>68:O4 C£IB>@1´=?4-§<br />

IB>(-68:H4(=B- 1 2;: §IB@254 l Ž=B.04KLIB>@2438=?425I¿:Ÿ1368--=?QB68-b4KL=?4P=?>6M68=B-@2;Al 13I¿:L254IB>687%6b254K+4IOI¿A -P-. ¥çKŸ=B-P- 6J=?4 ¥çK¨@<br />

1„2;: ÇIB MØ-I¿-IBCE4<br />

1„2;:L70I 6P- ¥ I¿:L-I¿A568- >ç.L:L:L2;:LQ4KL6 1 2 : ÇIB4-J4I$=a42 :0Q@ -L.LA;A=BA56R>42;:LQ 6p>ç25468-f4KL6ˆ=BA;6R>4J1368--=?QB6 =B:L74K06<br />

.L:L7L6R> A5I¿=B7º4KL=B:£C .LA;AÃ1$I”706)@<br />

.LA6PK068:´=BA56R>42;:0Q 2;-Ã.:L:06¥ 68--=?> l IB>f2 :L=? K(@=?425I¿:L-­468-4-<br />

.L-6RC<br />

@ =?>6M/D682;:LQaCEIB>@1$687<br />

Ãe\_[¿X ¢Ìg £i ¥ØeÌV<br />

£¥¤£¢§¤¦£<br />

B”:0IB>@4 5B6R>@-@25I¿: .@¦+2;:O4>I7. ¥ 68-b=91´= ÖIB>M:066<br />

¥ I¿: ¥ 6R6(4 6ÌI94 l @68:H4Al =5?=B2;A;=?/A56a2;: B”:0IB>4Pb706R46¥ 425I¿:Å@-@ A 6R46¥ 425I¿:£@1´2;:06 25C4KL6 ´=)¥¥ 6Rç2546R>@2;= @<br />

-LIB> 6 O0=B1$@6$I¿:LAl ¥R=BA A5687Å=9-2;:0Q¿A56a42;1$6$ˆ@1vKL25Q¿KAl ¥ I¿1$6RI<br />

.L: ¥ 425I¿:L-ÌA;2JKB6 ¤ L º-4>68=B1 >@68=B--681 /Al §D ©706 MhCE>@=?Q¿1$68:O4=?425I¿:¨§”IB> , ¤ ¤ é>68N.068-4J:0IB>@13=BA 2438=?425I¿:¨@<br />

¤<br />

C<br />

l ¥R=B: 7L25>6¥ 4Al 1´=B:L25@1 A568-- ¥ I¿1$@2;:LQbIB>Ã4K0>@68-K0I¿A;7<br />

4K06825>­1$I”7L2GF687<br />

6J68A;A @ 1$I¿:L2;4IB>@2;:0Q$=B-<br />


B $ A N±-4=B:L7L- C£IB> B4=?42 -42 ¥R=BA2 ­=)¥ KB6R4 $ :0I¿13=BAlA 6R46¥ 425I¿:1Nf:0Q¿2;:L6 =B:L7Å2;-bI”7L. ¥ 687¯/ l B02;A;2 ¥ I¿:<br />

4ˆIBC B”2;A;2 ¥ I¿: A 6RC£68:-606- 6ÌIB> K$@ DÎ4 6P2;A A65B68:O4.L=BA;Al ¥ I¿:L-2;-4bIBCÌ4 6JIŸ4-§_=B:¥=B:LI¿13=BAl -68:-IB><br />

F<br />

2;-<br />

$ A NEIÃ=B:L7´= 4- ¥R=B: ¥ IB>>@68A;=?4IB>@ ¤ K06/=B-2 ¥ÓIB@=?425I¿:´IBC4KL2 -46P2;A;A/D64KL=?4 B K(=B:7(>6R4Ç=B:LI¿13=BA5I¿.L-Ã65B68:O4-Ã4IM4KL6E¥ IB>@>68A;=?4IB>@ ¤ KL6E¥ IB>@>68A;=?4IB>+6P2 A;A¿4K068:(QB>@I¿.0<<br />

4IB>4K06:06R4<br />

$ A N 6P2;A Af>65”2566 4KL696¥ 682J5B687Ï/ l B”:0IB>4§ÌF:L7 4K0I¿-6ŸIBC 2;:H46R>@68-4 F ¤ L B§ -32;:O4I<br />

l<br />

B<br />

KLI¿1$68:06R4-§2;CÌ=B: l I §Ç=B:L7Å>6R4 4K0I¿-6$63=B:LI¿13=BA5I¿.L- =BA5I¿:LQ%6P254K<br />

I¿.0><br />

¤ KL6M=B:0I¿13=BAl - ¥ IB>6M4K=?4P2;-=B--2;Q¿:0687Ÿ2;-Ó/=B-6879I¿:94K06 IB/-6R> 5B687¯KL2 -4IB> l IBCÇ4K06 :L6R4 6JIB> K$@ ¤ K06<br />

IM70Î 4KL2;-§¿=ˆIB/=?/2;A 254 l 4=?/A56p2 -Ç1´=B2;:H4=B2 :0687a4KL=?4Ã>6 (6¥ 4-Ã4KL6JI ¥¥R.0>>@68: ¥ 68-ÃIBC72¥©6R>@68:H4 K”2;:L7L-<br />

¤<br />

KB6R4-Ó2;:$K2;-4IB> l §(6P254K$KL25Q¿KL6R>+6Ì682;Q¿KH4I¿: 1$IB>6p>@6¥ 68:H4Ì65B68:H4-@ 1¥6 6JI¿.LA;7 K”:0I6 §OC£IB>Ì6 O”=B134 B”:=?>C F *' ' ©! ¨¨""#" £ )%$ ) ¨ £) '(## ¨&Ip4I¥K068A5<<br />

¦ § §¡ TWe ¦ ¢ ¡<br />

A 6RC£68:-6 F (' ' ©! ¨ ¨""#" )%$ £&) ¨(I @£DÔ4J2;-Ì= B”:0IB>4Ì@6R@4Ì.L:.L-.L=BAH§¿@>68A;=?425I¿:%NÌ:0Q¿2;:06)@+DÔ4<br />

4K068-6´65B68:H4- 4IBQB6R4K06R>(=B:L7¥-68:L7¥I¿.L4M>6R4-ˆIBCÓ4- ¥R=B:L-§65B68:£4K0I¿-6´4KL=?4 KL=5B6´/D6R68: ¥ >@=?CE4687<br />

4I]/©67L2#" ¥R.A54M4IÅ706R46¥ 4 F 6)@Q@J§4K06 l @IB/©6-A5I 6PAl §­C£>@I¿1 7L2 ¥©6R>68:O4 -I¿.0> ¥ 68-§­IB>(4K06 l >@=B:70I¿13243R6<br />

¥R=B:I @ ¤ KL2;-72;-4>@25/.0425I¿:´2 -Ó4K06M-68:L-IB> ¥ I¿1$68A =?4IB>P2;-.L:L7L6R>p=)¥ 42J5B6<br />

4K06M-<br />

7065B68A5IB6)@<br />

CE66Ì6R>p42 1$68-4KL=?4p=(@42 ¥R.LA;=?> K”2;:L7IBCÇ>68792;:+4K06 p254-=B:0I¿13=BAl<br />

- ¥ IB>6 6P2;A A/D6)@ ­=)¥ KB6R4-€=?>6 ¥RA =B--2GF687Ï/ l 4KL6825> I¿2;:O4 I ¥¥R.0>>@68: ¥ 6¯IBCM<br />

6 O0=B1$I¿1 4K06PIB/=?/2;A 254 l @ -0IB>Ó= 6ÓC£IB>Ã= . : @ . : @ . : @ . : §::ˆ l =B:0I¿13=BA;I¿.L- I<br />

=B:L794KL6M-<br />

<br />

IB>6MCEIB>b= . : @ . : @ . : @ . : § : £ ¤3@Al =B:0I¿13=BA;I¿.L- I @<br />

¥<br />

$Ó4(=B: l Q¿2J5B68:º42;1$6)§­=Ÿ>@6R@42;:0Q94K0>68-@K0I¿A;7¥2;- 706 F:0687¥CEIB> 4KL6 -68:L-IB>@,-0IB> 68=)¥çKé65B68:O4a4KL=?4<br />

O¥ 6R687L-4KL2;-Ó4KL>68-K0I¿A;7 §=B:Ÿ=BA;6R>42;--68:O4@+DÎ4p2 -J-68:H44I34KL6ˆ-@=B1$6 @.LA56 Mh/=B-687+=BA56R>4<br />

6<br />

F 6)@Q@J§£B0:0IB>4p=BA56R>4ÓF©A56)§L- l -A5IBQ§06R4 ¥@ I @<br />

6JI¿.LA;7+/D6M-68:O4p4I<br />

B $ A N ¥R=B:§=BA;-I¥/D6%¥ I¿:”FQ¿.0>687 4I¥QB68:06R>ç=?46<br />

DÖ:§=B7L7L2542;I¿:é4I£>@6R@42;:0QÅ=B:0I¿13=BA5I¿.L-(65B68:O4-§<br />

>6R4-a=?/DI¿.04 4K06+:06R4 6ÌIB> KéI¿: 6bKL2 ¥@Kº254 2 - >@.:¨@<br />

-0IB>(6 O0=B1$IB< l 2 : l I¿.0>a7068-42;:L=?42;I¿:£4- =B:7é2;: l I¿.0> -I¿.L> ¥ 6´4- Q¿2J5B68: l I¿.L> 7068-42 :L=?425I¿:£4- IB><br />

¥ 6a@25I”7L2 ¥ >6R4- IBCÌ4K063:.L1 /D6R> IBCÌ@7L6R>M-4=?42;-42 ¥R- -. ¥@K¥=B- 13687L2;=B:<br />

I”7L.<br />

- ¥ IB>@68-pI”7L. ¥ 687 @<br />

IBC­4K06M=B:0I¿13=BAl<br />

< - "#0 ¦"#¨ #<br />

<br />

B $ A N<br />

¥R=B:L:LIB4Ì468A;A l I¿. 2;CD= 42 ¥R.A;=?>>6R4687´ÓK0I¿-42;A;6)@"DÔ4Ì1$6R>@68Al K:LI6P-f4KL=?4<br />

-6R> 5B6R>@ ¤ KL2;-6ÌI¿.A;7$706R@<br />

$ A N 6b2;A;A”:0IB4QB>I¿.L68A;=?4687 =B:0I¿13=BA5I¿.-65B68:O4-f4IBQB6R4K06R>@ ¤ KL=?4+6b2;A;A”/D64K06 IB/´IBCD4K06 ¥ IB> M<br />

B<br />

8


$ A N£I”7L. ¥ 68-Ç4 6JIM4 l 6p-68:H4­4I 6PK06R>@65B6R>;B”:0IB>4Ã.L-.=BA;Al -68:L7-Ç=BA;6R>4-<br />

B<br />

6)@Q@J§=BA;6R>4FA56)§0- l -A5IBQ§6R4 ¥@ I @<br />

F<br />

KL6 1$IB>6 ¥ I¿131$I¿:€I¿:06 KL=B-b4K06 1368--=?QB6 &-P $ :0I¿13=BAl 4K0>68-K0I¿A 796 O ¥ 6R687L687¨P<br />

¤<br />

¤ K06´1$68-@-=?QB6<br />

¡ \efc0g £fV ¥h\eÌV9T \£ÃX ­ef\_[BX<br />

£¥¤£¢§¤¦¥<br />

(6 O025/A564II¿A;6b254K©= 6b2;70675Ž=?>@2;6R4 l IBC .L-68-@1DÎ4$2;-(2;:O468:L70687 4I¥/D6.-687©2;:é4KL6Ÿ1$I¿-4<br />

B”:0IB>@4a2;-(=<br />

-25I¿:]706R46¥ 425I¿:¥- l -4681@:DÔ4 KL=B- /D6¥ I¿1$6a=+-1´=BA;A § (6 O”2;/A56)§=B:7]K25Q¿KLAl ¥R=?@=?425I¿:-@ $ :$=?44=)¥ KB6R>J4> l 2;:0Qˆ4IMA568=?>@:$2 :0C£IB>ç13=?425I¿:a=?/©I¿.L4­= -@2;:0Q¿A56Ó13=)¥@K2;:06 ¥R=B:370I -I / l - ¥R=B::L2;:0Q<br />

K 5B6R>@-@25I¿: :¤: £ :0: @ . QB68:06R>@=?468-Ì=M-I 6P-6p=B:0I¿1´=BAl >@6R@4-@4B0:0IB>4 M<br />

6P254K(4K2;-­4=B-<br />

-= Ç6R>@AIBQB>@=B1 4I 4=KB6bFA568-fIBC_=BA56R>4-fC£>I¿1 B”:0IB>4Ì=B:L7´I7. ¥ 6 , ¤ 5 ]I¿.04@CD2<br />

¥ 2 :L-@=)¥ K2;:LQ370I6P:+IB/A56813-@ ¤ K06 1$I7L68A©2 -Ó4KL=?4I¿:06M2;-.L-@2;:0Q(= ¥ >I¿:<br />

CEIB>p7L2;=?Q¿:0I¿-42<br />

IB/€IB> -I¿1$6R4K2;:0Q -@2;132;A;=?>P4I @I7L.0¥ 6 7L=B2;Al ŽK0I¿.L>@Al FA56MIBCf-@:0IB>4ˆ=BA56R>4-@ ¤ KL2;-b- ¥ >@25@.L:<br />

4Í I”7L. ¥ 6M= ¥ I¿:(5B68:L2568:O4 , ¤ 5 é/L>68=KBI¿.04PIBC­=BA AD4K06 =BA56R>4-@<br />

I¿:968=)¥çK€-.0¥@K+FA;6<br />

7© § ¢ £ <br />

* § 6PKL6R>6$ 2 -= :O.L1 /D6R>@ ¤ KL2;-2 :L7L2 ¥R=?468-4KL=?4§4KL6Ì6 6J=B- $ @<br />

=B:L794KL6M=B:0I¿13=BAl<br />

$ A Né13= l =BA;-Î @25I”7L2 ¥R=BA Al I”7L. ¥ 6Ó1$68--=?QB68-ÃIBC4K06CEIB>@1%P &-P ¤ K0>@68-K0I¿A;7<br />

B<br />

=B7 .L-4687¯4I ¤ =?C£46R> )=BA56R>@4- F IBC § I * @ ¤ KL2;-b2;:L7L2 ¥R=?468-P4KL=?4P4KL6a=BA56R>@42;:0Q34K0>@68-K0I¿A;7 6J=B-:¥@KL=B:LQB687<br />

4I ¤ @ ¤ KL2;- K=?bIBCf=BA56R>4- F IP-68:H4ˆ-2;: ¥ 6 4K06(A;=B-4P42 1$6 4KL6 4K0>@68-K0I¿A;7<br />

6Ó=B-P=B7 .L-46879=B:L7Ÿ4K06M4IB4=BA:.L1 /D6R>IBCÇ K¥2;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:€706R46¥ 42;I¿:£- l -4681%@<br />

DÎ4 6 O0=B132;:L68-M:06R4 6JIB> K]4>@= " ¥3=?Q¿=B2 :L-4M=<br />

IBC>@.LA;68-§=B:L7]=BA56R>4-ˆ=B7L1´2;:L2;-4>ç=?4IB>@-4I9-.L- K¯=)¥ 42J5”254 l -Í 4K=?4 4KL6 l 13= l >68=)¥ 4<br />

-6R4<br />

@ ¤ KL6R>6M=?>6 13=B: l IB4K06R>P=?>68=B- 6PK06R>6 B0:0IB>4 ¥R=B:Ÿ/D6 .L-6RC .LAW=B- 6J68A;A @<br />

=?4;6Ó=B-Ó7068-25Q¿:L687´4I(C .LAGFA;A”4KL6 >@68NO.L2;>681$68:O4-fIBC=a@IB4IB4 l K<br />

2;:O4>@. M<br />

.L-6p=?>@I¿.L:L7(4K06 6JIB>@A;7(I¿:3/©IB4Ḱ A;=?>QB6p=B:L73-@13=BA;A0:06R4 6ÌIB> K”-@4DÔ4KL=B-=?44=B2;:L687´254-2 :L2542;=BA7068-25Q¿:3QBI¿=BA;-<br />

=´C .LA;Al ¥R=?ç:L=?42J5B6a4I7¥ I¿13136R> ¥R2;=BAÇ2;:H4>ç.L-25I¿:€706R46¥ 425I¿:Å- l -46813-ˆ2;:Ÿ6<br />

=B:L7]2;-<br />

¥ I¿-4b2;:06 "7¥R2568:H4Ó4Í 2 :L-4=BA;ADC .LA;A©CE68=?4.0>687¥ I¿13136R> ¥R2;=BA_- l -46813-@<br />

254p2;-<br />

† ¢ £Ã| wU|©é| ¦ ¤ „| ¤¢¡<br />

ˆu<br />

DÖ:3=B:´=)¥R=B70681´2 ¥p68:(52;>I¿:L1$68:O4fA;2JKB6 D D ¤<br />

k I¿1 /= l § 6J6bKL=5B6b13=B: l 13=)¥@K2;:068-+6b254K32;7068:O42 ¥R=BA ¥ I¿:0FQ¿. M<br />

=(CE66±@4-ÌI¿:¯1 .LA;425@6R68Al =5?=B2;A;=?/A;6 DÖ:H4>@.-25I¿: A 6R46¥ 425I¿:1B l -4681´-@/1¥6(7068- ¥ >@2;/©6 4K06a7L6R4=B2;A;-bIBCf7065B68A5IBI¿1 ¥çKL=? ¥(I¿:&6Ó=?>@7L-@<br />

=3-<br />

8


, ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§©<br />

¥ I¿:L-2 -4-MIBCp=¯C£>@=B1366ÌIB> K¥IBCp:.L1$6R>@I¿.L-M7L=?4= ¥ I¿A;A56¥ 425I¿:º=?QB68:H4-(=B:L7º= &7L2 -4>@25/.L4687*9=B:L=BAl -2;- IBC<br />

¥RA;.-46R>IBC 8$13=)¥@K2;:068- 6P2;4K D =B7L70>68--68->@=B:0Q¿2;:LQaCE>I¿1 .¤08@ .@8 .0.@808 .<br />

F<br />

=<br />

*) &£¢¥¤ ¥ © £&' # ¥ $I04I .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§ F © () &§¦§¨£ © ¥ &' # ¥ 0I6P254K 4K06Ó-=B1$6E¥ I¿: M<br />

©<br />

M(=BA;Ap/DIIB4´4K06]-=B1$6 KB6R>ç:068A M 2;:. O 8@8@ . 8 M 8: § 13I¿.L:H4 4K06€-@=B1$6]72;- K 425425I¿:- M<br />

FQ¿.0>ç=?425I¿:<br />

¨©£) ¥¤&§¨© ) ©¦ §¨ ) © §¨©£) £$§”C£>I¿1 4K06 § -+B+=B:7 § D B+-6R> 5B6R> .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8:<br />

¤³4 ¥ < IB<br />

£<br />

.¥³4 ¥ < IB6RCE6R>4IP4KL6 &706R46¥ 425I¿: *pIBCL7L2;-4>@25/.04687<br />

1„K068:<br />

2;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:£=?44681$@=?4K06R>a4KL=B:é4KL6:0IB42;I¿:éIBCp= &7L2;-4>ç25/.04687*97L6R46¥ 425I¿: IBCP2;:O4>@.L-25I¿: §6PKL2 ¥@K<br />

-@=B1$6)@ 4K06<br />

¤©¨ ¡ £f[ÅVŽZ0X©£ ¢<br />

¥¤©¨<br />

DÖ:$4K06:BIBCE4 6Ó=?>6 §=?/3IBC L I¿1$CB ¥R2568: ¥ 6p=B:7 Nf:0Q¿2 :06R6R>@2;:0Q A 6R41368:H4§D D ¤<br />

k I¿1 /= l §6J6PKL=5B6<br />

F # ' (# ¥ © £&' # ¥ $I §O=B:L7€KL=5B6 4K06 -=B136 -6R> 5”2 ¥ 68-P>@.L:L:L2 :0Q(I¿:Ÿ68=)¥@K]IBC­4K0681%§©-K0I 6P:Ÿ/D6 M<br />

A5I 6Á2;:Ÿ4=?/A56 ¥@ .@ BI¿1$6MIB4K06R>ˆ-4>@= l 4-PA 2JKB6 :0:0:£<br />

13= l =BA -Í /D6 A;2 -468:L2;:0Q$CEIB> ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:L-b4I<br />

4K06<br />

-6R> 5B6R>§25C§=B: l @<br />

B4=?46 B6R> 5”2 ¥ 6 ÇIB>4<br />

. ³4 ¥ < IB


¤¦£ ¦(\_[¿XBVŽZe§XB[BjTWe ­e\[BX<br />

¥¤©¨<br />

6JI D A B”-Ç4KL=?44¥R=B:$706R46¥ 4Ã4- ¥R=B:(=?44681$ç- KL=B:L7A5634K0613=)¥@KL2 :068-@<br />

¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:=?44681$6p4KL=B: é4-Ì2;: ¤ -6¥ I¿:7L-@ ÇIB>4- ¥R=B: /D6p-68=B7 =)¥ >I¿--J=B: l<br />

4K06¥=?44=)¥ KB6R>¥706¥R2 7068-4IÏ- ¥R=B:„I¿:06£-2 :0Q¿A56Å13=)¥@KL2 :06)§ =©K0I¿-4 Mh/=B-687 -IBCE4 6Ó=?>6éA 2JKB6€4-68:H4> l<br />

F<br />

DÔC<br />

425I¿: 8@¦ I:¥R=B:£706R46¥ 4 4KL2;-ˆ- ¥R=B:é=B- =9KO.0QB6$:.L1 /©6R>ˆIBCE¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:- 6ÌI¿.LA 7]=BA =?>@1œ4K063- l -4681<br />

-6¥<br />

:L2;-4>@=?4IB>@CDÔC­4K06(- ¥R=B:€2 -p6 O”6¥R.04687]I5B6R> =´-KLIB>4P@25I”79IBCÃ42;136)§=:06R4 6JIB> K(Mh/=B-687]-IBC£4 6J=?>@6<br />

=B7L132<br />

KL6IB/A5681 =?>@2 -68-Ã2;:(4K06CEI¿A;A5I 6P2;:0Q -254.=?425I¿:¨P B0.0f1´=)¥@KL2;:L68-2;-+¥ I¿1313I¿:´=B:L7$4KL6p=?44=)¥ KB6R>p706¥R2;7L68-Ã4I - ¥R=B: = C£66Ï@4-ÃI¿:368=)¥çK<br />

¥<br />

425I¿:¯4K0>68-KLI¿A;7¨@ 706R46¥<br />

K<br />

B”.0¥@K¯=B:€=?44=)¥<br />

¢ " # / - ?Ÿ- ¥R=B:¨P ¤ KL2;-f2;-=M- ¥R=B: CEIB>@1$687(/ l I¿:L6b-I¿.0> ¥ 6P13=)¥@K2;:06pI¿: 1$IB>6p4KL=B:´I¿:06<br />

<br />

4=?>@QB6R4b13=)¥çKL2;:068-@<br />

5”2 ¥ 68- 1325Q¿KO4 K=5B6 5B6R> l 6J68A;A/D6R68:€>@.L:L:2;:0Q$I¿:€IB/- ¥R.0>6 4-§D=B:L7€-I§©4KL6MF>@-4P4KL2;:LQ´4KL=?4ˆK06<br />

-6R><br />

KŸ2;-Ó4K06 =?>@>@= l IBCÇIB


K063-I¿.0> ¥ 6313=)¥çKL2;:0632;:Å4K2;- ¥R=B-636 O”6¥R.0468- 4K06 & #)(0( +& 3- l -4681 ¥R=BA;Af=B:L7£.L-68- £¢ #¥¤ ( $4I<br />

¤<br />

7LI6P:©4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¨@ ,b6R>6)§J4K06Ÿ4 l @6¥ 425I¿: ¤ L -ÇA =?Q¿-p-6R4<br />

B68N$@<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 B §<br />

.<br />

4=?>@QB6R4P4Í -I¿.L> ¥ 6 B § § $ L ¡<br />

8<br />

=?/A56 ¥@8PEB68N.068: ¥ 6 IBC­P= ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4 F Ip- ¥R=B:ŸCEIB>P=B:9IBQB6R4 13=)¥@K2;:06)§04K06 -68NO.068:0¥ 6 IBCÇ<br />

§PI@ A 25>@6¥ 425I¿: ¤ L -ÇA =?Q¿-p-6R4<br />

B68N$@<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 B §<br />

.<br />

4=?>@QB6R4P4Í -I¿.L> ¥ 6 ¥:B ¤ §$ L ¡<br />

8<br />

=?/A56 ¥@¦¥PEB”68NO.068:0¥ 6 IBCÇP= ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4 F I- ¥R=B:¯C£IB>P=¦¥RA5I¿-68794<br />

¤<br />

K2;- 2;- 4K06´I¿:Al - ¥R=B: 6PKL2 ¥çK1¥R=B: /D63C£IB>ç1$687£/ l =€:LIB>@13=BAf.-6R> 4II@ $ A;AIB4KL6R>(=?44=)¥ K-<br />

¤<br />

K06J-468=BA54K B § - ¥R=B:(70I68-­:0IB4¥ I¿13f4K064=?>QB6R4JK0I¿-4Ã>68-@-Ì70I6b:$4K06<br />

<br />

? # #$"3- ¥R=B: P25€IB>6 4KL=B: I¿:06 -I¿.0> ¥ 6b1´=)¥@KL2;:L6b- ¥R=B:L-Ó= -2;:0Q¿A56P4=?>QB6R413=)¥@KL2 :06)@ ¤ K06<br />

,.-<br />

68:0Q¿2;:L6 IBCÇ- l -46813-bA;2JKB6ˆ4-68:O4> l 2;-p132;-@A5687+K06R>6)@<br />

-4=?46<br />

,.- ? # / - ?¥- ¥R=B:¨P $ QB>@I¿.0 ¥ 6M13=)¥@K2;:068- F 1$IB>6ˆ4KL=B:+I¿:L6 IÌ@C£IB>@1´-J- ¥R=B:L-ÓI¿:<br />

<br />

=3QB>I¿.0QB6R4b1´=)¥@KL2;:L68- F 1$IB>6M4K=B:9I¿:06 I<br />

=B2;1œ2;-b4I9706R46¥ 4 =BA;A4KL68-6a- ¥R=B:]- 6Ì6R6R@I¿--ˆ4K06 F05B6 4 l @25/D687<br />

ˆ.L><br />

42;I¿: 8@¨§@ 2;:9-6¥<br />

u ¢ np~ ¥ yDzy |©¥r¥(w y £Ãn ¢ r ¥ wfy<br />

…<br />

- ¥R=B:´4 l @2;/©687´2;: -6¥ 425I¿: 8@¨§aKL=5B6ˆ4 l @68-@21¥6 CEIB>@1$687 =BA;A<br />

Nf=)¥çKIBC_4K06bF05B6<br />

4K068-6$- ¥R=B:- .-2;:0Q:L13=?< §W=B:L73¥ I¿A;A56¥ 4687Å4KL6 >68-@.LA542;:0Q7L.L1$ç= " ¥§_=B:L73¥R=B1$6$.0p68=)¥@K¯IBC­4K068-6 - ¥R=B:-@<br />

CEI¿A;A5I6b2;:0Q$=B:L=BAl<br />

` ¡ ¦ c”\eÌeZcX¡ £¢V?c”TWe<br />

¥¤¦£§¤©¨<br />

4=?>QB6R4 13=)¥@KL2 :06M2;-P<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 $ L ¡<br />

¥<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 $ L ¡ § -D § §¥:B ¤<br />

§<br />

>68N.L25>6Ã/.L2;A;7L2 :0QC¥R.-4I¿1 K§B=B:L7M4K=?4>68N.L25>68-§-.0@.L-6R>W@2J5”2;A56RQB68-@<br />

$ A;A¥RA;I¿-687Ÿ4-P>68=)¥ 4b4IB § 687<br />

AD4K06M- ¥R=B:¯-@25Q¿:L=?4.0>68-@<br />

=$@4IBC­=BA<br />

ÇXBZLTWg X¿d §¦ V?c”TWe<br />

¥¤¦£§¤¦£<br />

2;:L72 ¥R=?42;:0Q(=B:ŸIB


§PI@ A 25>@6¥ 425I¿: ¤ L -ÇA =?Q¿-p-6R4<br />

B68N$@<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 B §<br />

.<br />

4=?>@QB6R4P4Í -I¿.L> ¥ 6 B § § $ L ¡<br />

8<br />

¤ =?/A56 ¥@¨§PEB”68NO.068:0¥ 6 IBC§P=´-468=BA54K B §Á- ¥R=B:ŸCEIB>P=B:9IB@6 -D §!QB6R4$K0I¿-4@ 6 4KL2;-<br />

¤<br />

§PI@ A 25>@6¥ 425I¿: ¤ L -ÇA =?Q¿-p-6R4<br />

B68N$@<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 -D §<br />

.<br />

¤ =?/A;6 ¥@¦PEB68N.068: ¥ 6 IBC­P=3-468=BA;4K -D § - ¥R=B:¯C£IB>P=B:ŸIB4I 4KL6 -468=BA54K -D §}- ¥R=B:¨@ DÔ4 =BA -Í 4.0>ç:L-pI¿:€4K06 -D § § CB;,}=B:L7 "©¥ G<br />

¤<br />

§PI@ A 25>@6¥ 425I¿: ¤ L -ÇA =?Q¿-P-6R4<br />

B68N$@<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6 4I34=?>@QB6R4 -D § § CB;, § "©¥ G<br />

.<br />

¤ =?/A56 ¥@¦PEB68N.068: ¥ 6 IBC§b=B: 13=B-P- ¥R=B:ŸCEIB>P=B:9IBP=B:ŸIB ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 ¥:B ¤<br />

68=)¥ 4 6P254KŸ=B: ¥ B ¤ @<br />

(=?Q¿-@ 6 4KL2 -68=)¥ 4 6b254K9=B: ¥ B ¤ @<br />

#¦¥ @ 6 4KL2;-Ó68=)¥ 4 6P254K9=B:¥:B ¤ @<br />

4.0>@:L687<br />

§PI@ A 25>@6¥ 425I¿: ¤ L -ÇA =?Q¿-p-6R4<br />

B68N$@<br />

. -I¿.0> ¥ 6M4I34=?>@QB6R4 ( #( <br />

uÖ… ¦ ¤}n ¤W|bn¤£¦¥ …<br />

¥ >@25/D6(4K0637068-25Q¿:ÅIBCÓ=Ÿ:06R4 6ÌIB> K&Mh/=B-687£4- ¥R=B:£7L6R46¥ 4IB>§"6bKL2 ¥@K 6JI¿.LA;7ÅI¿=B70¥R=B-4 $ § =B:7]7L68A;2J5B6R> 254ˆ4I9I¿.0>M706R46¥ 4IB> IBQB>@=B1%@ ¤ l


=B1$I¿.:H4-PIBC­:L6R4 6JIB> KŸ7L=?4=34Í /©6M=B:=BAl 3R687 @ 1¥6(:06R687068794I7L2;-42;:LQ¿.L2;-K 4K06<br />

6JI¿.LA;79>68-@.LA542;:ŸK.0QB6<br />

¥R=B:€-25Q¿:L=?4.0>@68-ÓC£>I¿1 :0IB>@13=BA ¤ L 4>@= " ¥@<br />

¤<br />

-<br />

4IB>b>ç.L:L-A;2JKB6ˆ4KL2 -P<br />

KL6M=BA5QBIB>@254KL1!CEIB>P4KL6M706R46¥<br />

@ 1„K068:065B6R> =$- ¥R=B:Ÿ-2;Q¿:L=?4.0>6 2;-706R46¥ 4687 §06J6M-4IB>6 4KL2;- ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:9>6¥ IB>ç7¨§L2 @6)@f-I¿.L> ¥ 6M=B:L7<br />

§DI¿:LAl ¤ L „6(@I¥ 68--687€C .0>4KL6R>@ ¤ K06 ¥ I¿:0¥ 6R@-4Al<br />

68:O4>@=BAÇ4I 4K06a706R46¥ 425I¿:Å=BA5QBIB>@2;4KL1%@/$)A 2;-4pIBC &A;2 5B6 * ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:L-b/©6R4 6Ì6R68:]4 6ÌI ¤ L 68:L7L 5”2;:0Q´4KL6 B § § $ L ¡ § -D §)=B:7 ¥:B ¤ <br />

2;-b13=B2;:O4=B2;:0687¨@<br />

§ÁI¿1 K0I¿-42')§42P4I KLI¿-42&§4 2;-pIB/-6R> 5B687¨§©=¦¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¯>6¥ IB>ç7¯2;-b13=B706<br />

=7B<br />

I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¨@ ¤ KL2 -f>6¥ IB>ç7Ÿ2;-JQB687+CE>I¿1!4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:ŸA;2 -4ÌI¿:Al 6PK068:9= -D §IB>p=B: ¥:B ¤ CE>I¿1<br />

¥<br />

F = §L/IÓ4I F ¥§7$IÌIB> F ¥§©7$IÌ4I F = §L/£IÓ2;-ÓIB/-6R> 5B687¨@<br />

4KL2;-f6b6 O”=B1´2;:0687<br />

KB6R4§”2 : 6PKL2 ¥@K ¥R=B-6)§”= :L66Ï68:O4> l 2;-13=B7L6P4I 4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:´A;2;-4@"DÔ4Ì132;Q¿KH4/D6P= >6R4>@=B:L-@132544687<br />

@A;2;6R> ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯4IOI@+DÔ4P2;-2;Q¿:0IB>687Ÿ2;:+4K2;- ¥R=B-6)@<br />

QB6R4f2;:O4I 4K06<br />

¥ .<br />

.@ L =?6 68=)¥çK¯ K9=B:L796 O0=B132;:L6M254CE.L>4K06R>@<br />

8@ L K06¥ K925C§4K06M ¥ 6 =B:L797068-42;:L=?425I¿:%D Ï=B770>68--68-=B:794-CE>I¿1U4K06 M68=)¥@Kº- ¥R=B:Å4 l @<br />

46¥<br />

4=?>@QB6R4:D =B7L70>68--68-b=B:L7¯4-§2 :H4I 4 6JI7¥ IB>>@68A;=?425I¿:]A;2;-4-§ & ¨<br />

=B:L7 ' ¨ @ $Ó4 4K06(-=B1$6<br />

1$6)§L4KL2;- ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:9>6¥ IB>ç7¯2;-7068A;6R46879C£>@I¿1U4K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:ŸA;2;-4@<br />

42<br />

DÖ:]I¿:06(I¿.LQ¿K€4KL6 ¥ IB>@>68A;=?425I¿:ÅA;2;-4-§$6J6(6 O”=B1´2;:06a4K06$:O.L1 /D6R>bIBCÌ4=?>QB6R4- 4KL=?4ˆ68=)¥çK<br />

@<br />

¥ 6 KL=B-P- ¥R=B:L:0687¨§L=B:794K06M:.L1 /D6R>pIBC­-I¿.0> ¥ 68-4KL=?4p68=)¥çK¯4=?>QB6R4bQBIB4P- ¥R=B:L:L6879/ l @<br />

-I¿.0><br />

1¥6¯4K068:§A;2;-4aI¿.04(4K069I¿:06 Mh4IMhI¿:L6)§ÌI¿:06 Mh4IMØ1´=B: l §p13=B: l Mh4IMhI¿:06)§J=B:7§13=B: l Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:<br />

£(@<br />

- 6Ì6R6R>@68A;=?425I¿:ŸA;2 -4-@<br />

CEIB>$4KL2;- ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¨@<br />

$bA;AJC .0>4K06R>(I¿1 F = §J/I 4I F ¥§Ó7$I =?>69>6RQ¿=?>@70687Ï=B-$4(IBC 4KL2;-<br />

1„K068:´= :066<br />

6¥ 682J5B687 §O= -68=?> ¥@K2;-13=B7L6p4K0>I¿.0Q¿K34K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:´A;2 -4§¿4IMF©:L7$I¿.04f2;C<br />

C .0>4K06R>ÃCEIB>f- ¥R=B:3-@25Q¿:L=?4.0>68-@"DÔC4KL6p6R6´- ¥R=B:¨@$4K06 ¤ L (=?Q¿- CEIB>M4KL2;-ˆ6¦¥@KL6¥ KB687 -6R6´25C-"D § §" ¥ G § CB , §_=?>6<br />

IB>"§<br />

25Ĉ =BA;AÓ4K06 (=?Q¿-´=?>@6Ÿ4.0>@:0687 I¥@<br />

4.0>@:L687§I¿:¨§ÓIB><br />

DÎĈ =B: l IBC 4KL68-6¯=?>6€706R46¥ 42;:0Q ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4 F I4 l 6¥ IB>@7+2;-Ì.068-4K€ ¥ 6M4I34K06 4=?>QB6R4§254p2 -2;:L7L2 ¥R=?42 5B6 IBCÃ= ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4 F Ip- ¥R=B:¨@<br />

1„K068:6J6 ¥ I¿:0¥RA;.L706 4KL=?4b4K06R>6 6J=B-b=B:¯=?44681$


¥ IB>@>68A;=?46873¥ I¿: ¥RA;.L-@25I¿:¨§06J6(13=KB6 I¿.0Q¿K€4K06a-I¿.0> ¥ 6(=B:L7]7068- M<br />

DÖ:¯IB>ç706R>b4I68-68:H4ˆ=<br />

D A;2;-4-§=B:L7£A;2 -4 4K06´- ¥R=B:é- 6Ì6R6RQB6R4- - ¥R=B:L:0687]/ l =+-I¿.0> ¥ 6(=B:7€4KL6(:.L1 /D6R> IBC<br />

13=B:<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 68-p- ¥R=B:L:L2 :0Q3=(4=?>QB6R4@<br />

DÖ:¥@K=? §§ 6J6 6P2 A;AC .0>4KL6R>6 O”=B132 :06 4K068-6 7=?4=3-4>@. ¥ 4.L>68-p=B:L7Ÿ=BA;QBIB>@254KL13-2 :9706R4=B2;A @<br />

¥08


, ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§©<br />

KL2 - ¥@KL=?ˆ7L68- ¥ >@25/D68-4K06a2;1$§W=BA5I¿:0Q¦6b254K¯= ¤ L ¥ I¿: M<br />

¤<br />

4 F I- ¥R=B:L:06R>Ç>I¿.042 :06)@ ¤ KL6Ì7L=?4=b-4>@. ¥ 4.0>@68-§=B:L7 =BA5QBIB>@254K13-_IBC04K06J13=B2;: >I¿.042;:068-§=?>6Ó7068- ¥ >@25/D687¨@<br />

:06¥<br />

§ u ¤£ £Ã| ¢ ¢ w £Çr¦¥¨§„y £Ãn ¢ ¢ w ¤<br />

u sxnJr©ntyr ¤§¦ £Çr ¦ ¤Wwy<br />

§<br />

2;:94K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:]A;2;-4P2;-P= ' %&'<br />

Nf=)¥çKÅ:0I7L6<br />

)© )´-K0I6b:¯2;:ŸFQ¿.0>6 §@ .@ Nf=)¥@KÅ:0I”706<br />

©<br />

KB6R49-6R68: I¿: 4KL2 -¦¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¨§=B:L7Ï-4=?4.-´IBC B § -´=B:L7 $ L ¡ -3>@6¥ 682J5B687¨@ DÔ4 =BA;-IºKL=B-<br />

A;=B-4´6<br />

¤ L B § -6RQ¿1$68:O4€2 -9>6¥ 682J5B687¨§ 6 O02;-42 :0Q ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:-¯2;:„4K06 A;2;-49=?>6º-68=?> ¥@KL687<br />

1„K068:=<br />

132544687 l 2;:´4KL6 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:9A;2;-4J2;-Ó.0@13-4KL6 ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4 F Ib- ¥R=B: F -6¥ 425I¿: ¥@8@ .I 6Ó=B-b/.L2;A54@<br />

$<br />

I¿::06¥ 4-4I3=$-@13=?425I¿:9A 2JKB6M-I¿.0> ¥ 6 =B:L7Ÿ4=?>QB6R4 D =B:L7Ÿ4p:.L1 /D6R>@-§”42;1$68-4=B13@6R68-68:O4=?42J5B6ŸIBCbI¿:06ŸA;2J5B6<br />

=Åa4I¥4KL6Ÿ:06<br />

I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¯2;:+4K06M:L6R4 6JIB> K$@<br />

¥<br />

conn: ip1:port1-ip2:port2<br />

xconn: ip2:port2-ip1:port1<br />

proto: tcp/udp<br />

tslp: timestamp of the last packet seen<br />

SASrecd: flag 0/1... SYN/ACK-SYN recd<br />

ACKrecd: flag 0/1... ACK recd<br />

session_info *next: Next session node in linked list<br />

4K0>I¿.LQ¿K¨@¦DÔCJ=Ÿ>6¥ IB>@7£CEIB> 4K2;- -I¿.0> ¥ 6=B:L7¥4=?>QB6R4 D Á=B7L70>@68--M=B:L7¥4-M6 O”2;-4-§254 2;-M=9>6R4>ç=B:L- M<br />

¥¥


425I¿: #$$ © '&=B77L- *$4KL2 -Ó ¥:B ¤ 2;-f-6R68:¨§2;4f-25Q¿:L25F68-Ã4K06b68:L73IBCW4K06:¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿: @ ¤ KL2;-+¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:´>@6¥ IB>@7<br />

1„K068:="-D<br />

¥ IB>>68- ¥ 6 13=)¥@KL2 :06 6PKL2 ¥@K¥CEIB>@13-ˆ4- ¥R=B:-@%B02;132;A;=?>çAl §W4K06 - >$&3=2;-<br />

§@8P$ :0I”706 2;:+4K06 -I¿.0> ¥ 6MIB>p4=?>@QB6R4 ¥ IB>>68A =?425I¿:ŸA;2;-4-<br />

-Ç2;Q¿.0>6<br />

A 2;-4- 2 - = ' % ' # Ÿ-KLI6P: 2;:ÅFQ¿.L>6 §@8@ -LIB>a4KL6 -I¿.0> ¥ 6 A;2;-4§68=)¥çK<br />

NÌ=)¥@K©:0I”706´2;:é4K068-6<br />

KL6 ¥ IB>>68A;=?425I¿:´A;2;-4-Ã=?>6P4K06R>6RCEIB>6P2;:O46R> ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4687 §&6P254K$-I¿1$6P=B1$I¿.L:O4IBCW-2;1´2;A;=?>@254 l @ -0IB>Ì4K06<br />

¤<br />

¥R=B-6MI¿:06 Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:¯7L68- ¥ >@25/D687+2;:+4=?/A56 @8§=3-:L=?>68A;=?425I¿:¯A;2;-4-A5II)K”-p=B-<br />

468-4<br />

¤ K06 ¥ 68:O4>@=BA(I6 IBC4¥ I¿:O4>I¿AWIBC­4K06M706R46¥ 4IB>ˆ2;-P<br />

.@ ˆ K97065”2 ¥ 6 4I3>68=B7¯C£>@I¿1 F A;2J5B6 ³I ¡<br />

4KL2;- 68:O4> l 70IO68-@: 64ˆ6 O”2;-4§_=:L66):0I7L6a2;- ¥ >@68=?4687£=B:L7¥=B7L70687]4I94K06(68:L7ÅIBCÌ4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¥A;2;-4@<br />

2;-(4K068:Ï-68=?> ¥@KL687 2;:©4K06¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:L-3A;2 -4§f.L-2 :0Q€4KL69CE.L:0¥ 425I¿: © # ©# '$§ 6PK2 ¥@K©>6R4.L>@:L-$=<br />

4IÅ4KL2;- ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿: >6¥ IB>@7 @<br />

-L.L: ¥ 42;I¿: $ # ' © ' © ©(' ¯4K068: 7068A56R468- 4KL2;-a:0I”7063CE>I¿1<br />

4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:ŸA;2 -4@<br />

1„K068:+=(- ¥R=B:+2;-Ì7L6R46¥ 4687¨§04K06 ¥ IB>>68-6¥ IB>@792;-ÌQB687 CE>I¿1x4K06:¥ I¿::06¥ M<br />

425I¿:ÅA;2;-4§©=B:L7€4K06 ' #$ != - !*#<br />

= M-I¿.0> ¥ 6$A;2;-4PQB6R4MA 2;-4P>68-QB6R4 13=)¥çKL2;:06)§6PKL2 ¥çK¯2;-P4- ¥R=B:L:0687¯/ l -I¿1$6<br />

=A;2;-4pIBC:LI7068-§68=)¥@K¥:LI706<br />

-I¿.0> ¥ 6MA 2;-4@ 13=)¥çKL2;:06M2;:+4KL6<br />

Struct mac<br />

IP: IP address of the source/target machine<br />

lenmacptr: length of the list of pointers to the other list<br />

macptr ptr_struct: has pointer to targets for a source<br />

mac *next: Next machine node in correlation list<br />

:0I”706 ¥ I¿:O4=B2;:L-p4KL6 D =B7L70>68-@-§L:O.1 /D6R>pIBC­4=?>QB6R4 K0I¿-4-P- ¥R=B:L:0687¨§L=$p4I34KL6 :06 O”4P:0I”706M2;:<br />

4K06ˆA;2;-4§=B:L7 -4>@. ¥ 4§0= ' % '<br />

# ©('§O-KLI6P:2;:$FQ¿.0>6 §@¦¥@ ¤ KL2;-;¥ I¿:H4=B2;:-J= f4I(4K06<br />

:0I”706 2;:4K06ˆ4=?>QB6R4PA;2 -4§”4KL=?44KL2;-Ó-I¿.0> ¥ 6MKL=B-Ó4- ¥R=B:L:0687 §”= ¥ I¿.L:O4IBCÇ4K06 :O.L1 /D6R>IBC42;1368-Ó4KL2;-<br />

¥ 6´K0I¿-4MKL=B- - ¥R=B:L:0687¥4K=?4M4=?>QB6R4 KLI¿-4§=B:L7é=9 4I€4K063:06 O”4M4=?>QB6R4a- ¥R=B:L:0687¥/ l 4KL2;-<br />

-I¿.0><br />

K0I¿-4@<br />

Struct macptr<br />

mac *macptr: Indicates machine in the other list<br />

count: A count of scans between these 2 machines<br />

macptr *next: Next node in the list<br />

§@¦¥P $ :0I”706 4KL=?4bQB6R4ˆ- ¥R=B:L:0687 F 6PK068:Ÿ2 :Ÿ=3-I¿.0> ¥ 6 13=)¥IÓIB>b4K06 - ¥R=B::06R><br />

-­25Q¿.0>6<br />

¥ 6 F 6PK068:92;:9=34=?>QB6R4b13=)¥I<br />

-I¿.0><br />

6P:Ÿ2;:FQ¿.0>6 §@¨§@ -K0I<br />

uÖ… {}| ¦ rDz ¢ wfy<br />

§<br />

2 :06 I<br />

¥§


srcIP<br />

tarIP<br />

IP=192.168.211.223<br />

IP=192.168.211.239<br />

lenmacptr = 3<br />

lenmacptr = 2<br />

*ptr_struct =<br />

*ptr_struct =<br />

macptr<br />

macptr<br />

count = 3<br />

macptr<br />

macptr<br />

count = 3<br />

next<br />

count = 4<br />

count = 4<br />

next<br />

next<br />

next<br />

next<br />

next<br />

macptr<br />

IP=192.168.211.225<br />

count = 4<br />

IP=192.168.211.241<br />

lenmacptr = 2<br />

next<br />

lenmacptr = 2<br />

*ptr_struct =<br />

*ptr_struct =<br />

macptr<br />

macptr<br />

count = 3<br />

macptr<br />

macptr<br />

count = 4<br />

next<br />

count = 4<br />

count = 4<br />

next<br />

next<br />

next<br />

next<br />

next<br />

IP=192.168.211.243<br />

lenmacptr = 1<br />

*ptr_struct =<br />

macptr<br />

count = 4<br />

next<br />

next<br />

-Ç2;Q¿.0>6 §@¨§P L IB>@>68A;=?425I¿:ŸA 2;-4-JC£IB>b4K06 I¿:06 Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:€2;:+4=?/A56 @8<br />

¥


¥¤ ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4 F I © # ¥¦ '£#$ <br />

&<br />

¨§ -468=BA;4K B § © # ¥¦ '£#$ ©©§<br />

&<br />

©¥¥=B:L7 '(#¥ÅA 2;-4- =B:7£@2 :H4 - ¥R=B:º- 6J6R6R687¨@<br />

§ ü § sxw­r©w £ÇrDz| ¢<br />

¤©¨ ` ¡ ¦ c”\eÌeZcX¡ £¢V?c”TWe<br />

¤¡<br />

KL2 -2;-Ì4K06b- ¥R=B:+7068- ¥ >@25/D68732;: -6¥ 425I¿: ¥@8@ .@ -0IB>Ó68=)¥@K+ Ḱ 2 :H46R>C =)¥ 6)§”4K06<br />

¤<br />

.@ DÔC4K06a ¥ 6 =B:L7¯4K06<br />

DÔC 4K06Ÿ6¥ 682 5B687¨§04KL2;-Ó2;-Ó4K06 -6¥ I¿:7+


¥R=B:¨@ $ 7L74K06 -I¿.0> ¥ 6 =B:L74=?>QB6R4 D §4I(4K06 ¥ IB>>68A =?425I¿:9A;2;-4-@ ¥P681$I5B6 4K06ˆ68:H4> l<br />

-<br />

¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯A;2;-4@ CE>I¿1U4KL6<br />

DÔCf4KL6$I¿1‚4K06<br />

DÔC<br />

I¿::06¥ 425I¿:¯A 2;-4@<br />

¥<br />

DÔC:0IB4­CEI¿.L:L7¨§?25C04K06ÓÓ68=)¥@K+ Ḱ 2 :H46R>C =)¥ 6)§”4K06<br />

¤<br />

.@ DÔC4K06ab=B: l IB4KL6R>P ¥çK¯25CÇ4K06 >6¥ IB>ç7Ÿ6 O02;-4-p2;:+4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

8@<br />

' % ' ) © %*) # © © ) (' # © ' ) )# ¢ !<br />

<br />

<br />

DÔCf:0IB4bC£I¿.:L7€2 :Ÿ4K06(A;2;-4§©=B:L7]25C254b2 -b=%B §)=B:L7]=B: $ L ¡ §©=B7L7]254b4I4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:<br />

<br />

2;-4@ A 2;- ¥R=?>@7+65B6R> l 4KL2 :0Q368A;-6M=B:79>6R4.0>@: @<br />

A<br />

KB6R4b2;-CEI¿.L:L792 :+4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4§<br />

DÔCÇ4K06M@73 l C£>@I¿1U4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:¯A;2;-4@<br />

¥<br />

4KL6¦¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:ºA;2;-4 6P2;4KÅ4K063:066)42;1368-4=B1$@6¥ 682J5B687<br />

(©=?Q@<br />

DÔC_4K06 @73 l ¥R=B:Ÿ/D6M-=?CE68Al 7L68A56R46879CE>I¿1U4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:ŸA;2 -4@<br />

A;2;-4@ =B77Ÿ2544I34K06<br />

©# '" )##$ )# © #%¦ ' ©© #$ %&#*', '(# © ¢&!<br />

#$#$<br />

CEI¿A;A5I6b2;:0Q$2;-70I¿:06)P<br />

§W254 2 -P4K06aF>ç-4P ¥@K]CEIB><br />

KB6R4b2;:+4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:ŸA 2;-4@<br />

4K2;-68-6R4P=BA;AWF68A;7L-ÓIBC¡ # ©©£)(' @<br />

DÔC­:0IB4pCEI¿.L:L7¨§<br />

©# '" )##$ )# © #%¦ ' ©© #$ %&#*', '(# © ¢&!<br />

#$#$<br />

4Í 4K06 ¥ IB>>68A =?425I¿:ŸA;2;-4-=B:L7Ÿ7068A56R46M2;4C£>I¿1 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 42;I¿:ŸA;2;-4@<br />

DÔC254­2;-§4K06Ó-6¥ I¿:L7a@7(2;:M4K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:<br />

A 2;-4@<br />

DÔCP254(2;-a4K06+4KL25>ç7£69IBC 4KL2 -3- ¥R=B:¨@$b77§4KL2;- ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿: 4Iº4K06<br />

¥ IB>@>68A;=?425I¿:ŸA 2;-4-=B:L7Ÿ7L68A56R46 254CE>I¿1!4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:¯A 2;-4@<br />

¥£


¤¦¥ ÇXBZLTWg X¿d ¨ ¢ V?c”TWe<br />

¤¡<br />

KL2 -2;-Ì4K06b- ¥R=B:+7068- ¥ >@25/D68732;: -6¥ 425I¿: ¥@8@¦¥@ -0IB>Ó68=)¥@K+ Ḱ 2 :H46R>C =)¥ 6)§”4K06<br />

¤<br />

DÔCD4K06p ¥çḰ 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:A;2;-4­CEIB>f4KL2 -Ã>6¥ IB>@7¨@4DÔC©I¿:06b2;-C£I¿.L:7¨§H.0 l 4Í 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

4KL6M68:H4><br />

<br />

4K06%¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿: A;2;-4§=B:L7©25CP254$2;-a4K069-6¥ I¿:L7Ï-6¥ I¿:L7©@6¥ IB>@794I34K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:ŸA 2;-4@<br />

¥<br />

DÔC0:0IB4CEI¿.L:L7 2;: 4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:aA;2;-4§Ž=B:L7M25C”2542;-§= -D §=B:7 :0IB4 M $ L ¡ §³2542 -_=B: 2;:7L2 ¥R=?425I¿:<br />

<br />

<br />

4K06%¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿: A;2;-4§=B:L7©25CP254$2;-a4K069-6¥ I¿:L7Ï-6¥ I¿:L7©@6¥ IB>@794I34K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:ŸA 2;-4@<br />

¥<br />

DÔCÓ:0IB4 C£I¿.:L7¥2;:Å4K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:£A;2;-4§_=B:L7¥25CÌ2;4M2;- =,-D § §:0IB4 M $ L ¡ § CB , =B:L7 "©¥ G §<br />

<br />

CEI¿A;A5I6b2;:0Q$2;-70I¿:06)P<br />

8@ -LIB>b=B: l IB4KL6R>P ¥çK¯25CÇ4K06 >6¥ IB>ç7Ÿ6 O02;-4-p2;:+4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

§ - ¥R=B:%MÌ=B7794KL2;->@6¥ IB>@794Í 4KL6 ¥ IB>>68A;=?42;I¿:ŸA;2;-4-=B:79>681$I 5B6 4K06 68:O4> l CE>I¿1<br />

IBCÃ=1-D<br />

I¿::06¥ 425I¿:¯A 2;-4@<br />

¥<br />

DÔCWCEI¿.L:L72;:34K06ˆA;2;-4§O=B:L7254Ì2 -Ì=2-D § =B:7 $ L ¡ §254-Ì4K06ˆA;=B-4Ì@681$I5B6 4K06M68:O4> l CE>I¿1U4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯A;2;-4@<br />

DÔCfCEI¿.L:L7]2;:€4K06$A;2;-4§W=B:L7]4KL2 -b2;- 4K06$-6¥ I¿:7Å6¥ IB>@7+4Í 4K06 ¥ IB>>68A;=?425I¿:9A 2;-4-§<br />

=B:7<br />

5B6 4K06 68:O4> l C£>@I¿1 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

=B:79>681$I<br />

¤¡ ¢ TWV9XB[¿ZZ V?c”TWe<br />

¤¡<br />

KL2 -2;-Ì4K06b- ¥R=B:+7068- ¥ >@25/D68732;: -6¥ 425I¿: ¥@8@¨§@ -0IB>Ó68=)¥@K+ Ḱ 2 :H46R>C =)¥ 6)§”4K06<br />

¤<br />

CEI¿A;A5I6b2;:0Q$2;-70I¿:06)P<br />

DÔCD4K06p ¥çḰ 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:A;2;-4­CEIB>f4KL2 -Ã>6¥ IB>@7¨@4DÔC©I¿:06b2;-C£I¿.L:7¨§H.0 l 4Í 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

4KL6M68:H4><br />

-LIB>b=B: l IB4KL6R>P ¥çK¯25CÇ4K06 >6¥ IB>ç7Ÿ6 O02;-4-p2;:+4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

8@<br />

=B:£2;:L72 ¥R=?425I¿:]IBC=B: 1´=B-M- ¥R=B:3Mb=B77Å4KL2;- >6¥ IB>ç7¥4IŸ4K06 ¥ IB>>@68A;=?425I¿:£A;2 -4- =B:L7<br />

2;4M2;-<br />

4K06M68:O4> l CE>I¿1 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:¯A 2;-4@<br />

>@681$I5B6<br />

DÔCWCEI¿.L:L72;:34K06ˆA;2;-4§O=B:L7254Ì2 -Ì=2-D § =B:7 $ L ¡ §254-Ì4K06ˆA;=B-4Ì@681$I5B6 4K06M68:O4> l CE>I¿1U4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯A;2;-4@<br />

DÔCfCEI¿.L:L7]2;:€4K06$A;2;-4§W=B:L7]4KL2 -b2;- 4K06$-6¥ I¿:7Å6¥ IB>@7+4Í 4K06 ¥ IB>>68A;=?425I¿:9A 2;-4-§<br />

=B:7<br />

5B6 4K06 68:O4> l C£>@I¿1 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

=B:79>681$I<br />

¤¤£ £fgÎgbV?c”TWe<br />

¤¡<br />

KL2 -2;-Ì4K06b- ¥R=B:+7068- ¥ >@25/D68732;: -6¥ 425I¿: ¥@8@¦@ -0IB>Ó68=)¥@K+ Ḱ 2 :H46R>C =)¥ 6)§”4K06<br />

¤<br />

CEI¿A;A5I6b2;:0Q$2;-70I¿:06)P<br />

DÔCD4K06p ¥çḰ 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:A;2;-4­CEIB>f4KL2 -Ã>6¥ IB>@7¨@4DÔC©I¿:06b2;-C£I¿.L:7¨§H.0 l 6P2;4K94K06M:066<br />

1$68-4=B1$< @4DÔC­:0IB4§=B7L794K2;-Ó68:H4> l 4Í 4K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

42<br />

¥


CEI¿.L:L7]2;:¯4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:¥A;2;-4§©=B:L7Å25C254ˆ2;- = @6¥ IB>@7¥4Ī 4KL6¦¥ IB>>68A;=?42;I¿:£A;2;-4- =B:7¥>681$I 5B6<br />

2<br />

l CE>I¿1 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:¯A;2 -4@<br />

4KL6M68:H4><br />

42;I¿:¨§ 4K06é=BA5QBIB>ç254KL1«CEIB>€2;:0CE6R>>@2 :0Qº4KL6£- 6Ì6R6R< 4 l I¿1 4K061¥ IB>@>68A;=?425I¿: A 2;-4-§ˆ2;-<br />

DÖ:±4KL2;-9-6¥<br />

¥ >ç25/D687¨@ 7068-<br />

¢ " # #$" ' - ¤ B”4=?>42;:0Q$CE>I¿1!4K06ˆF>ç-4:0I7L6 p=BA;AW:0I”7068-<br />

<br />

# ©*' 368N.L=BAW4I3I¿:06)@ >@2 :H4Ó4KL2;-P-I¿.0> ¥ 6 D Ï=B:79C£I¿A A5I6 4KL6 ©*' © ' % ' #©('<br />

6b254K<br />

,.- ? # #$" ' - ¤ B4=?>@42;:0Q¯CE>I¿1¢4K06 F>@-4a:0I”706´68=?46R>34KL=B: I¿:06)@ -LIB>´=BA;AJ-. ¥@K©:0I”7068-P ¤ >@=5B6R>@-694K0>@I¿.0Q¿K 4K06825><br />

:LI7068-<br />

© ' %&'´A;2;-4-=B:L79A;2;-4I¿.L44K06 -I¿.0> ¥ 6 D =B7L70>68--68-C£IB>P4KL2;-Ó4=?>QB6R4 D =B7L70>68--@<br />

©('<br />

,.- ? # / - ?' - ¤ B”4=?>42;:0Q C£>I¿1 4K06 F>@-4b:0I7L6 ˆ=BA;A<br />

<br />

6P2;4K # ©*' ÅQB>68=?46R>34KL=B: I¿:06)@ -LIB>´=BA;AJ-. ¥@K©:0I”7068-P ¤ >@=5B6R>@-694K0>@I¿.0Q¿K 4K06825><br />

:LI7068-<br />

© ' %&' A;2 -4-p=B:L7ŸA 2;-4I¿.04b4K0I¿-6 -I¿.0> ¥ 6 D =B770>68--68- 6PKL2 ¥çKŸKL=5B6+ # ©*' ´QB>@68=?46R><br />

©('<br />

8@ -LIB>b=B: l IB4KL6R>P ¥çK¯25CÇ4K06 >6¥ IB>ç7Ÿ6 O02;-4-p2;:+4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

DÔCb:LIB4aCEI¿.L:L7©2;: 4K06%¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿: A;2;-4§=B:L7©25CP254$2;-a4K069-6¥ I¿:L7Ï-6¥ I¿:L7©@6¥ IB>@794I34K06 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:ŸA 2;-4@<br />

DÔCWCEI¿.L:L72;:34K06ˆA;2;-4§O=B:L7254Ì2 -Ì=2-D § =B:7 $ L ¡ §254-Ì4K06ˆA;=B-4Ì@681$I5B6 4K06M68:O4> l CE>I¿1U4KL6 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:¯A;2;-4@<br />

DÔCfCEI¿.L:L7]2;:€4K06$A;2;-4§W=B:L7]4KL2 -b2;- 4K06$-6¥ I¿:7Å6¥ IB>@7+4Í 4K06 ¥ IB>>68A;=?425I¿:9A 2;-4-§<br />

=B:7<br />

5B6 4K06 68:O4> l C£>@I¿1 ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿:€A;2;-4@<br />

=B:79>681$I<br />

u‡ £„| ¤ ¤Wwf~@nJrDz| ¢<br />

§<br />

QB6R4P4K06 4=?>QB6R4 D @ 4Í<br />

¢ " # / - ? ' - ¤ B4=?>@42;:0Q¯CE>I¿1q4K06´F>@-4 :0I”7063(=BA;A<br />

<br />

6P2;4K # ©*' ÅQB>68=?46R>34KL=B: I¿:06)@ -LIB>´=BA;AJ-. ¥@K©:0I”7068-P ¤ >@=5B6R>@-694K0>@I¿.0Q¿K 4K06825><br />

:LI7068-<br />

© ' %&'´A;2;-4-=B:L79A;2;-4I¿.L44K06M4=?>QB6R4 D =B7L70>68--68-ÓC£IB>b4KL2;--I¿.0> ¥ 6 D =B7L70>68--@<br />

©('<br />

4K=B:9I¿:06)@<br />

¥¤


, ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§©<br />

§ :<br />

¡ ¢ ¢ ¡ ¡ ¨¤ £ ¤ £ ¥ © <br />

¥(w w¥¤ w¤_z@otw ¢ r©np~]y©w­r¥¦ <br />

‡ˆu<br />

4IŸ4K0637068- ¥ >@25


¢ £Ãn ¢ y wfw (y ‡ˆu<br />

K06 CEI¿A;A5I 6P2;:0Q$- ¥R=B:¯- 6Ì6R6R6 CEIB>@1$687¨P<br />

¤<br />

¤ KL613=)¥çKL2;:06 IM+.¥ ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4-a4I¥13=)¥çKL2;:06IM+.¤¯I¿: @4-8]=B:L7 .0.¤]=B:L7©2;131$687L2 =?468Al<br />

4 F Ip- ¥R=B:¨@EB02;132;A;=?>çAl §1´=)¥@KL2;:L6 IM+.3- ¥R=B:L-4-/8 .§ 8¥§=B:L7 :´IBC­IM 8 .M=B:L7ŸIM+. £$- ¥R=B:L-<br />

:06¥<br />

8¥$I¿:94-/808$=B:L7 £ ¤@ F ¤ =?/A56 @ .I @<br />

IM<br />

IM 8 . 8 .§ 8¥§ :<br />

=?/A56 @ .P :06 Mh4IMhI¿:06 - ¥R=B:<br />

¤<br />

KL6 13=)¥çKL2;:06 IM+.¥¥ I¿::06¥ 4-a4I]13=)¥çKL2;:06 IM+.¤¯I¿:é4- £(§ 8: § 8 .§Ã4I€IM 8 .´I¿:º4-<br />

¤<br />

¥R=B:L- @4- .0. : § .0.0.§ .0.¤9IBCÓ@IM+.¤9=B:L7¥4- .¥¤§ .§ ¥§ .¤§§ 808:ŸIBCJIM 8 .@<br />

F ¤<br />

13=)¥çKL2;:06$@IM+.9-<br />

@8 I @ =?/A56<br />

@IM 8¥<br />

=?/A56 @8P :06 Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:<br />

¤<br />

KL6 13=)¥@K2;:06M@IM+.¥¦¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4-P4I13=)¥@KL2 :06 @IM 8 .MI¿:€@4- §§ ¥§ .¥§ .@pIM+. ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4-<br />

¤<br />

8 . §§ ¥§ .¥§ . IM<br />

8 . £ ¥§¥ .¥: §£ IM<br />

=?/A56 @¦¥P5]=B: l Mh4IMhI¿:06(- ¥R=B:<br />

¤<br />

KL6 13=)¥çKL2;:068-J@IM+.¥§IM+.a=B:L7IM+. £ =BA;A£¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4Ó4I$13=)¥@KL2 :06P@IM+.¤ I¿:4- £(§8: § 8 .§<br />

¤<br />

-68:L7-p=B: ¥ B ¤<br />

4Í 468=?> 70I6P:¯4K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:¨§L4K.L-6 O”6¥R.042;:0Q =3I¿:06 MØK0I¿-4 Mh4IMhI¿:06 MØK0I¿-4 ¤ L ¥ I¿: M<br />

BI¿.0> ¥ 6 ¤ =?>QB6R4 ¤ L ÇIB>4-<br />

IM+.¥ IM+.¤ 8§ .0.¤<br />

IM+.<br />

IM+. £ IM 8¥ 808§ £ ¤<br />

808§8¥§ 8§ ¥§_=B:L7¯4I+@IM 8¥3I¿:]4- ¤§ £ ¤§ : § =B:L7]2;131$6872;=?468Al -68:L7L- =B: ¥:B ¤<br />

4I468=?><br />

6P:$4K06 ¥ I¿::06¥ 425I¿:¨§O4KO.L-6 O6¥R.042 :0Q = I¿:06 MØKLI¿-4 Mh4IMØ13=B: l MØK0I¿-4 ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4 F If- ¥R=B:¨@ B”2 132;A;=?>@Al §<br />

70I<br />

¥ 6 ¤ =?>QB6R4 ¤ L ÇIB>4-<br />

BI¿.0><br />

@IM+.¤ £(§ 8: § 8 . IM+.¥<br />

8 . 808§ 8¥§ 8§ ¥ @IM<br />

¤§£ ¤§: § <br />

@IM+.¤ .0. : § .0.0.§ .0.¤<br />

IM+.<br />

8 . .¥¤§ .§ ¥§ .¤§§ 808: @IM<br />

8 .aI¿:Å4- £ ¥§ ¥ .¥: § £(§=B:L7Å@IM+. £¦¥ I¿::06¥ 4- 4I9IM 8 .(I¿:]4-%. : £(§ 8: § 8 .§ 8¥@<br />

4I9IM<br />

¥ 6 13=)¥çKL2;:068-Ì4K068:2;131$6872;=?468Al -68:L7=B: ¥:B ¤<br />

BI¿.0><br />

¥ I¿:L:06¥ 425I¿: §O4K.L-J6 O6¥R.L42;:0Q<br />

4I(468=?>Ó7LI6P:4K06<br />

l MØK0I¿-4- Mh4IMhI¿:06 MØKLI¿-4 ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4 F Ip- ¥R=B:¨@ F ¤ =?/A56 @¦¥ I @<br />

=313=B:<br />

¥ 6 ¤ =?>QB6R4 ¤ L ÇIB>4-<br />

BI¿.L><br />

@IM+.¥<br />

@IM+.<br />

@IM+. £ IM 8 . . : £(§ 8: § 8 .§ 8¥<br />

¤§W4IIM 8 .aI¿:]@4- : § .0.¥§ .0.¤§ .¥¤§W4I+IM 8¥ I¿:€4- .§ ¥§ .¤§§ £(@ BI¿.0> ¥ 6a13=)¥@KL2 :068-<br />

£<br />

131$687L2;=?468Al -68:L7¥=B: ¥:B ¤ 4Ī 468=?> 70I 6P:¥4K06 ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 425I¿:¨§4K.L- 6 O”6¥R.042;:LQŸ=Ÿ13=B: l MØK0I¿-4- M<br />

4K068:£2<br />

4IMØ13=B: l MØKLI¿-4- ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:06¥ 4 F Ip- ¥R=B:¨@ F ¤ =?/A56 @¨§(I @<br />

§.


IM 8¥<br />

8 . : § .0.¥§ .0.¤§ .¥¤ IM<br />

8¥ .§ ¥§ .¤§§ £ IM<br />

¤ =?/A56 @¨§P 5]=B: l Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:<br />

K06 13=)¥@K2;:06¡© ()#&©¦§¢ 6Ó=B-J>@.L:L:2;:0Q1& !$/ !76PK068: 4K06 - ¥R=B:L-C6Ì6R>6 CEIB>@1$687¨@ ¤ K06 >68-.LA;4-CE>I¿1<br />

¤<br />

7L6R46¥ 4pIBQB>@=B1 C£IB>b4K06M- ¥R=B:L-b=?>6M-K0I 6P:9/D68A5I6 P<br />

¤<br />

4K06<br />

FA56¥ IB>@>68-68-@70687¨@ ¤ K06 IBQB>@=B1œ-. ¥¥ 68--CE.LA Al 706R46¥ 4- 4 6ÌII¿:06 Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:L-§CE>I¿1<br />

IB/-6R><br />

F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¥&IŸ4IéIM+.¤ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¤ I § @IM 8 . F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§.Ī =B:L7 IM 8¥<br />

IM+.¥<br />

.¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§ ¥&IM=B:L7ŸCE>I¿1 IM+. F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥&IM4Í IM+.¤ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¤&IM=B:L7ŸIM 8 .<br />

F<br />

.¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§. I F - ¥R=B:ŸIBC­4=?/A56 @8 I @<br />

F<br />

§ 8<br />

¥ 6 ¤ =?>QB6R4 ¤ L ÇIB>4-<br />

BI¿.0><br />

IM+.¤ £(§ 8: § 8 .§£ ¤<br />

IM+.¥<br />

8 . : § .0.¥§ .0.¤§ .¥¤ IM<br />

.§ ¥§ .¤§§ £<br />

IM+.¤ £(§ 8: § 8 .§£ ¤<br />

IM+.<br />

8 . : § .0.¥§ .0.¤§ .¥¤ IM<br />

8¥ .§ ¥§ .¤§§ £ IM<br />

IM+. £ IM+.¤ £(§ 8: § 8 .§£ ¤<br />

‡ˆuÖ…<br />

{}wy¥¦$~ÖrDy<br />

IB/-6R> 5B687€I¿.L4@6¥ IB>@70687¨@ ¤ K06aIBQB>@=B1v-.0¥¥ 68--C .LA;Al 706R46¥ 4-ˆ4K0>@6R6 I¿:06 Mh4IMhI¿:L63- ¥R=B:L-§DCE>I¿1<br />

IM+.¥ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¥ I(4I9IM+.¤ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¤ I §fCE>I¿1œIM+. F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥(I 4I9IM<br />

. F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§. I §_=B:L7CE>I¿1xIM+. £ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥£)Ib4I(IM 8¥ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§ ¥&I F - ¥R=B:+IBC<br />

8<br />

@ .I @ 4=?/A56<br />

# # '(#¢¡&#©#© & ¦ ¨© () ¨ # ¦ ¤¤£ ¨ $ ' ' ©(' ¨ ) &'() & )<br />

<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¢<br />

'() &&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&<br />

§ )&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£§ ¤(## '§ ¤¤ ¦ ¤ ¨¢© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¢<br />

'()£# ¦%&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£# ¦$'() #&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£# ¦$'()(# ¦&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&


# # '(#¢¡&#©#© & ¦ ¨© () ¨ # ¦ ¤¤£ ¨ $ ' ' ©(' ¨ ) &'() & # ¦<br />

<br />

)©$ )# <br />

¥<br />

) ©£#¥¦ ' © *) ©$ ¦§¨§¨<br />

()<br />

) ©£#¥¦ ' ) ' *# $ ¤©¦<br />

()<br />

) # # ¦ $ )# ' ) ¦§<br />

()<br />

) ) %© ' )# ' ) ¤<br />

()<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£©<br />

§<br />

' ¤*##<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£¦<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

¤©¦<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤<br />

¦$'() #&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£#<br />

'§ ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£§<br />

¤(#<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§<br />

'§ ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦ ¤<br />

¤(#<br />

)% §<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§¦<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§¦<br />

¦$'()(# ¦&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£#<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£©<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

¤©¦<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£¦<br />

§<br />

' ¤*##<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤<br />

KL6(7.L1$>68-@70687 @ ¤ K06M@IBQB>@=B1 -@. ¥¥ 68--C .LA;Al 706R46¥ 4- I¿:06a13=B: l Mh4IMhI¿:06$- ¥R=B:L-§CE>I¿1<br />

IB/-6R><br />

F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¥ I §ˆIM+. F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥ I § =B:L7§IM+. £ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥ £)I4I£4=?>@QB6R4<br />

IM+.¥<br />

# # '(#¢¡&#©#© & ¦ ¨© () ¨ # ¦ ¤¤£ ¨ $ ' ' ©(' ¨ # ¦%& '()#& )<br />

<br />

)©$ )# <br />

¥<br />

) ©£#¥¦ ' © *) ©$ ¦<br />

()<br />

) ©£#¥¦ ' ) ' *# $ ¤©¢©<br />

()<br />

) # # ¦ $ )# ' ) ¤¨¦<br />

()<br />

) ) %© ' )# ' ) ¢<br />

()<br />

IB4K06R>P-4>@= l - ¥R=B:L-=?>6M=BA;-I$6 7L.06ˆ4I3>@65B6R>@-61 ¦( _A5II)K.0


'() &&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&<br />

¦$'() #&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£#<br />

'§ ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦ ¤<br />

¤(#<br />

¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§¦ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

KL6 7L.1$@>68-@70687¨@ ¤ K06 IBQB>ç=B1x-@. ¥¥ 68--C .LA;Al 706R46¥ 4-I¿:L6 13=B: l Mh4IMØ13=B: l - ¥R=B:¨§CE>I¿1<br />

IB/-6R><br />

F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¥ I §JIM+. F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥ I §J=B:L7£IM+. £ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥£&I(4Ī 4=?>@QB6R4-<br />

IM+.¥<br />

# # '(#¢¡&#©#© & ¦ ¨© () ¨ # ¦ ¤¤£ ¨ $ ' ' ©(' ¨ # ¦%& '()#& # ¦<br />

<br />

)©$ )# <br />

¥<br />

) ©£#¥¦ ' © *) ©$ §©§¦<br />

()<br />

) ©£#¥¦ ' ) ' *# $ ¦©¦ <br />

()<br />

) # # ¦ $ )# ' ) ¦©¦<br />

()<br />

) ) %© ' )# ' ) ¦<br />

()<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£©<br />

§<br />

' ¤*##<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£¦<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£§<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

¦$'() #&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£#<br />

'§ ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£§<br />

¤(#<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§¦ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

¤©¦<br />

'§ ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦ ¤<br />

¤(#<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§¦ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

¤©¦<br />

'§ ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦ <br />

¤(#<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¢<br />

'()£# ¦%&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¢<br />

§ )% <br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£# ¦$'()(# ¦&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&<br />

F - ¥R=B:±IBC<br />

F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8¥¤(I §$IM 8 . F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§.I §$=B:L7„@IM 8¥ F .¤08@ .@8 .0.@8§ ¥&I<br />

IM+.¤<br />

@¨§(I @<br />

¤<br />

4=?/A56<br />

¥R=B:L-f=BA;-I -KLI6 .L


)% §<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§§¦ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢<br />

¤©¦<br />

¦$'()(# ¦&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&<br />

&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&&#&&#&#&¨£#<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£©<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£¦<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

)&% ¤ ¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤§¤ ¦£§<br />

§<br />

<br />

¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦§¢ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£¥¤ ¤©¦ ¤ ¨§© ¦ ¤©¤ ¦£©<br />

¤©¦<br />

K06 l 6J6R>6Å@I¿.0Q¿KÏ4KL6Å7L6R46¥ 4IB><br />

¤<br />

K06Å>68-.LA;4%6J=B-94K=?4¯=BA;Â 4K06é- ¥R=B:L-<br />

¤<br />

¤*## '<br />

¤*## '<br />

¤*## '<br />

§ r ¥(w ¤)y £Ãn ¢ y ‡ˆü<br />

132;A;=?>E6Ó= l §D7L.L1$ K94>@= " ¥ 6J6R>6 ¥ I¿A A56¥ 4687¯CEIB>p4K06 IB4K06R>PCEI¿.0> ¤ L Ï- ¥R=B:€4 l ç=B1%@)$ A;AÌ4K069- ¥R=B:L-aCEIB>@1$687é=B:7 ¥R=?687©2;:£4KL6+:L6R4 6JIB> Kº7L=?4= 6J6R>6<br />

4IÅ4K06+706R46¥<br />

706R46¥ 4687¨@ ¤ K06(- ¥R=B:¥- 6J6R6R6$=BA;-I9-IB>4687ÅI¿.04 2;:O4I+I¿:06 Mh4IMhI¿:06)§I¿:06 Mh4IMØ13=B: l §13=B: l Mh4IMhI¿:L6)§<br />

l Mh4IMØ13=B: l K0I¿-4P- ¥R=B:L-@EB02;132;A;=?>J>68-.A54- 6J6R>6MIB/-6R> 5B6876PK068:Ÿ4K06 2;:0<br />

=B:L7Ÿ1´=B:<br />

:06R4 6ÌIB> K94>@= " ¥@<br />

6Ó=B-PA;2J5B6<br />

§


, ¢¡¤£¦¥¨§©<br />

=B:(=?44=)¥ KaI¿:a4K06- l -4681%@ $ @4- ¥R=B:(706R46¥ 4IB>2;-Ç4K06R>6RCEIB>6Ó=b@2;13=?> l =B:O42 MØ2;:O4>@.L-2;I¿:M4II¿A @"DÖ: I¿.0><br />

I¿:]= 1a.LA54254.706MIBC4=?>QB6R4 K0I¿-4-§W=B:L7€=BA -Í CE>I¿1œ= :.L1 /©6R> IBCf-I¿.L> ¥ 6 K0I¿-4-b4I+=:O.L1 /D6R>bIBC<br />

K0I¿-4<br />

-­2J5B6p4 l 6 ¥ I¿:L-2 706R>687¨P ¤ L ¥ I¿:L:L6¥ 4 F I­- ¥R=B:¨§-468=BA54K B § - ¥R=B:¨§<br />

4=?>QB6R4fKLI¿-4-@<br />

-"D § - ¥R=B:¨§ ˆ13=B-p- ¥R=B:¨§=B:L7 § .LA;AW- ¥R=B:¨@<br />

-468=BA54K<br />

I]-I¿A 5B6 4KL2 - @IB/A5681%§6Ì6+=B:L=BAl 3R6+:06R4 6JIB> Kº7=?4= §2;:L-468=B7ºIBC ¥ I¿A;A56¥ 42 :0Q€7L=?4=]CE>I¿1¢K0I¿-4(A5IBQ¿-@<br />

¤<br />

K063F05B6´4 l @6 =B:L=BAl 3R687 =B:L7£4K0682;> -25Q¿:=?4.0>68- 6J6R>6 -4.L7 M<br />

¤<br />

- !>0( / - '!< )§6J6R>6 4K06 1´=)¥@KL2;:L68-Ó/©682 :0Q$- ¥R=B:L:0687¨@ :06M13=)¥@K2;:06 6J=B-P6<br />

¥ I¿:O4>I¿AD4ÌI¿:4K06ˆ- 6P2;4 ¥@K4I$1325>>IB>J4K06 4>@= " ¥ I¿:IB4K06R>4-;M6bKL2 ¥@K 6JI¿.LA;7 >68-.LA54Ó2;:= A;IB4JIBC<br />

¦¤ ¡ © ¥ ¡ ¦ ¤ £ ¤ ¤ ¥ ¥ ¡ ¦ ¡ ¢<br />

:€2;:O4>@.L7L6R>Pç=?/2;A;2542;68-<br />

IB<br />

52 ¥ 68-4I Q¿=B2;:3.:L=B.04K0IB>@2 3R687$=)¥¥ 68--f4I 4K06P- l -4681%@ ,b68: ¥ 6)§=M@4- ¥R=B:´2;-Ã=M6 M ¥R.0>@-IB>4I<br />

IBCD4K06P-6R><br />

=)¥R=B7068132 ¥3-6R4.0< §Ç13=B: l 1´=)¥@KL2;:L68-MKL=5B62;7068:O42 ¥R=BA+¥ I¿:”FQ¿.0>@=?425I¿:L-§=B:L7£KL68: ¥ 6´- ¥R=B:L:2;:0Q91 .A5425I¿-- 7L2¥D6R>68:H4ˆ13=)¥çKL2;:068- 6P2 A;A68-@-68:H42 =BA;Al @I5”2;706(4K0632;:O4>@.L706R>:6P254K]4K063-@=B1$6 & #/ ! <br />

7L=?4=ˆ=B- 6JI¿.LA;7(- ¥R=B:L:L2 :0Qb=ˆ-2;:LQ¿A56JKLI¿-4@ ¤ K068-6Ó4 l 6$4K068:Å.L-687]4IŸ706R46¥ 4 4KL6(- ¥R=B:£- 6J6R6R4 6-4- ¥R=B:96RI ¥ 68--IB>P=B:7+@4-68:H4> l §0¥R=B:Ÿ/D6 706R46¥ 4687€/ l I¿.0>p4- ¥R=B:¯706R46¥ 4IB>@<br />

:0IB4 ¥ I¿:L-2;7L6R>687¨@!$ A;-I D L 5) ÁIB/D68- =?>@625Q¿:LIB>687¨@<br />

¤ KL6 ¥ I¿: ¥ 6R K<br />

7L=?4=36JIB> K”-$CE=B2;>@Al 6J68A;AC6P254K©/L>@I¿=B7 ¥R=B-4$68:(525>@I¿:L1$68:O4- ¥ >68=?4687§/ l 4K06Ÿ.-6+IBC K.0/-@<br />

B6P254 ¥çK0687<br />

68:(525>@I¿:L1$68:O4- K=5B63I¿:LAl I¿:06 6J= l IBCJA;2;-468:2;:0Q34IŸ=BA;AÇ4K06(4- IBCÌ=+13=)¥çKL2;:06 M ¥ I¿:”FQ¿.L>@2;:0QI¿:06<br />

2;: ¥ >@68=B-68794>@= " ¥@<br />

§


K06´CE.04.L>6$IBCEDÔ:O4>@.L-2;I¿: A 6R46¥ 425I¿: B l -46813- A;2;68- 2;:£7L=?4= ¥ IB>>68A;=?425I¿: @ §b66 D A B”- 6b2;A;AÇI”7L. ¥ 6<br />

¤<br />

l 6 O”=B1´2;:L2;:0Q 2;:0I¿1x-65B6R>@=BA©7L2¥D6R>68:O4Ì-I¿.0> ¥ 68-@ ¤ K06 6Ó= l 4Ia-I¿A 5B6b4KL2 - ¥@K=BA;A568:0QB6 A;2568-<br />

>68-.A54-/<br />

7L=?4= 1´2;:L2;:0Q /D682;:LQMC£IB>ç1$687$I¿:7L2¥D6R>68:H4J7L=?4=a-6R4-@ ¤ K06:¥ I¿: ¥ 6R>68A;=?42 :0Q´=?/:0IB>ç13=BAW65B68:O4 :0IB425F$¥R=?425I¿:L-§06P254K9>68A;65Ž=B: ¥ 6 1$68=B-.0>68-b2;-<br />

I¿:06)@ ˆ:L6 ¥R=B:ç243R6P13=B: l 7L2;-4>@25/.04687368A5681$68:O4-ÌCEIB>@132 :0QM-Q¿2;:LQ<br />

=3KL25Q¿KL6R>pA565B68AWCEIB> ¥ IB>>68A;=?42;I¿:Ÿ=B:L7Ÿ=B:L=BAl -2 -@<br />

68-@.LA54-ÓI¿:O4Í<br />

-f6 O”6 D A B”-;6P2;A AL1$6R>QB6 =BA;AIBC_4K06ˆ2;:L706R K ¥ I¿1$@25/.L4687 68A5681$68:O4-+CEIB>@132;:0Q - A565B68AÇC£IB> ¥ IB>@>68A;=?425I¿:¥=B:L7Å=B:L=BAl -2 -@ $b- =BAJ6Ó= l -§_4KL6(.A542;13=?46<br />

=B.04K0IB>ç254 l 6P2;A;A©/D6 I¿.0>pI 6P:2.L70Q¿1$68:O4@<br />

§£


¡£¢ ¤¥¡§¦©¨ <br />

"$#&%('*)+,"-/.#102 3-54,768,9:#;*'.?=@) +=>ABCD=FE5GH;JI&#LK5M5=ONP=RQS=>AT,#)VU§) W,#YXGH;JZT,[)G:4<br />

££!<br />

-/GH;

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!