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nssu n!)Vl3J1!1Vl bn !I'Jesn'fl\lntJVl'i~!l1

ns

• ~A~I!llrulilAd-J (Colonization period)

;]'l1l1~bb~~n1~bi1ti\lVl~~~1n';j";]'l1l1~

(Biolaw)

- Free Access

- Res Nullius (Nobody's property)

• ~An1~1l~~n'W\~~U11Yl(Independent States period)

- State's sovereignty

- Common Heritage of Mankind

- Intellectual Property

Paradigm

Shift

, Biodiversity as a

common heritage

of mankind

Free to use-. __

Concern:

no benefit sharing

from industrial users

eBD

(1992)

. States have

sovereign right

over biodiversity .j

I

.; ,1

Use is subjected to any

available domestic laws

---~Bio-piracy,

Bio-prospecting

• Biodiversity law

• mn-ihn~LL~:;m:mtJ~tl'w

e.J~U~:;LtJ']j,r:Access,

Benefit Sharing (ABS)

• 'fltJ~rurul~ll~htJmll-J~~ln~~ltJ

, ~ ~

vm~'Jm'W: Conventional

on Biological Diversity

(CBD)

Biopiracy

• Direct Biopiracy

• Contributory Biopiracy

- Supplier

- Joint-research

- Oversea study

North-South

Conflict


n

(Conventional

on Biological Diversity)

• Conservation

• Sustainable use

Benefit sharing

• Artl: The objectives of this convention, ...., are the

conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use

of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of

the benefit arising out of the utilization of genetic

resources, including by appropriate access to genetic

resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant

technologies, taking into account all rights over those

resources and technologies, and by appropriate funding.

,

•••

.,;j

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,

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• mnojf1~'l~'fl'l~n1~"1J'fl'fl~'1J11?l(Prior Informed Consent: PlC

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,

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cI~"

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, '"

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~ .. -- --, .... ~ 7',

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, (Bonn's guideline) 1

~ 2001-2002, ~;

~''i~~'J'1~11~

": (Internatiori~1 Re~i~e) ,(~l

l.. 2002-2009 " .:

Legal binding protocol

Agreed Terms,

Y;fi~"WW1 L'Ith

(Nagoya Protocol)

2010


CSD-ASS Concept

.: ABS

Authorized Access Benefit Sharing

International

Registry

Internationally

Recognized

Certificate

Checkpoint

1. IPR Registration

2. Commercial

registration

3. Publication

j

Prior Informed Consent

~

Mutually

j

Agreed Terms

'MAT"

Competent 1

National Authofity

~e.J

nn.Phnm1Lh~(;1:i'

i

Bonn Guidelines on Accessto Genetic Resourcesand Fair and

Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of their Utilization 9

Biodiversity

Country

Material

Transfer Agreement

User Country

• 1t1'iW'Utln'i'i),J


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units of heredity)

(genetic

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material of actual or potential

• 'VI~""!l1n'i=1i'J1l1""

value)

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,

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.•... .•... 0=1...".... IV

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• ABC "lJ'fl~ ABS

• Access ("1J'el'el'4bl.J1I?lbolf1n~)

-

• Be nefit

• Compliance

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• •

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15

B-Benefit sharing

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'6


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(Access and Benefit

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17

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25

26

(International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for

Food and Agriculture, ITPGRFA)

• Focal point

• Authority

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• ij~"nr.:l~t1"l-A' 29 it~.2004

• Regulations on ASS

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• Financial Management

27

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28


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