mogonebebis molekulebi `didad arc `CayvinTvas~ ganvicdi da arc ...

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mogonebebis molekulebi `didad arc `CayvinTvas~ ganvicdi da arc ...

literaturuli gazeTi

#40

#40 10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

gamodis or kviraSi erTxel, paraskeobiT

fasi 50 TeTri

gigi sulakauri

mogonebebis molekulebi

elguja berZeniSvili

VI-VIII

zurab leJava:

`didad arc `CayvinTvas~

ganvicdi da arc

`amotivtivebas~

XIII

torola

XII

Jan mari gustav le klezio:

`mwerali mxolod

mwerali ar unda iyos~

XV


2 Canawerebi

literaturuli gazeTi

dasawyisi # 38-39

samoqalaqo omis gamoZaxili

1991 wlis 21-22 dekembers mTavrobis

sasaxlis dabombva daiwyo. male

ormxrivi srolebi gaxSirda. rusTavelis

prospeqti da qaSveTis midamoebi

brZolis velad iqca. umal gamaxsenda

literaturis muzeumi, romelic am

saxifaTo zonaSi aRmoCnda da sadac

galaktionisa da sxvaTa umdidresi

arqivebi inaxeba. maSinve saxlSi davureke

muzeumis maSindel direqtors

guram SaraZes da Cemi SeSfoTeba gavuziare.

guramma damamSvida. oRond Zalian

Sewuxebuli iyo: axlaxan viqtor

gabeskirias qaliSvilma damireka da

macnoba, vakeSi gamsaxurdiebis saxls

xanZari gauCndao. literaturis muzeumi

marTlac gadarCa, mdebareobam

gadaarCina, daRmarTis bolosaa, mofarebulSi.

qviSxeTi

visac qviSxeTSi dausvenia, samudamodaa

Seyvarebuli qviSxeTze. 1997

wlis 5 ivliss CemTan gamomcemlobaSi

movida aleqsandre quTaTelis vaJi _

givi. `qarTuli prozis~ calebi waiRo,

sadac dabeWdilia `pirispir~. givim

qviSxeTi gaixsena: Cemma biWma sandrom

(romelsac babuas saxeli hqvia) erTxel

miTxra: mamiko, roca movkvdebi,

qviSxeTSi damasaflaveo.

***

oTxmocian wlebSi `meranis~ direqtors

niSnavdnen. rogorc gvian Sevityve,

Cemi kandidaturac dausaxelebiaT,

magram mweralTa kavSiris maSindel

Tavmjdomares nodar dumbaZes

Tavi Seukavebia: TviTon figurul

leqsebs wers da avtorebs rogor moigeriebso!

es braldeba nodarisagan

mosalondnelia, radgan igi tradiciuli

mweralia da bevri mkiTxveli

hyavs. Tumca elioti gvafrTxilebs:

cota mkiTxveli sjobs, bevri saSiSia:

mkiTxvelisa da mwerlis done erTmaneTs

uTanabrdebao. nodarma gamomcemlobis

direqtorad Tavisi megobari

daniSna da amdenad misi

braldeba mTlad gulwrfeli ar iyo

albaT.

balanCini

1997 wlis 2 ivliss `literaturnaia

gazetaSi~ daibeWda saubari solomon

volkovTan. igi amJamad

StatebSi cxovrobs da iq gamosca mis

mier Cawerili SostakoviCis memuarebi.

ucxoeTSive gamosca sakuTari wigni

`sankt-peterburgi~, romelSic

erTi didi Tavi eZRvneba balanCins,

romelsac avtori rusad Tvlis da

gaocebuli aRniSnavs: `ruseTSi mas ar

ayeneben im simaRleze, rogorc

amerikaSi. amerikaSi balanCins, pikasosTan

da stravinskisTan erTad,

meoce saukunis udides geniosad aRiareben~.

amaod gikvirT, batono solomon!

balanCins rusebi Rirseulad arasodes

daafaseben, radgan igi gaxlavT

qarTveli da ara rusi, rogorc Tqven

ggoniaT.

sarke

prezidentobis zogierT kandidats

rom vuyurebdi arCevnebis dReeb-

Si, vfiqrobdi, amaT saxlSi sarke ara

aqvT-meTqi: Sesaxedaobasac xom aqvs

vaxtang javaxaZe

leqs idanamde

mniSvneloba, pirveli kacis pretenzia

rom gqondes!

generalma gagvafrTxila

1997 wlis 6 agvistos amerikelma generalma

jon malxaz SalikaSvilma

Tbilisis televiziaSi ganacxada:

unda vecadoT, afxazeTis dapirispireba

mSvidobiani gziT movagvaroT.

Cven ufro meti unda vifiqroT Cvens

Svilebze, vidre Cvens winaprebzeo.

romeli sjobda

espaneTis samoqalaqo omis dros

orma espanelma mxatvarma ori Sedevri

Seqmna: 1936 wels _ salvador dalim

`omis winaTgrZnoba~ da 1937 wels _

pikasom `genrika~. orive Sedevri ferweris

dedaqalaq parizSi daixata da

amerikis umdidres muzeumebSi inaxeboda:

pirveli _ filadelfiis

muzeumSi, meore _ niu-iorkisa. pikasom

daibara: frankos sikvdilis Semdeg

`genrika~ espaneTSi CaitaneTo.

asec moiqcnen. ase rom, espaneTis samoqalaqo

omi rom ar momxdariyo, kacobrioba

or Sedevrs dakargavda. romeli

sjobda

erT-erT gamofenaze erTma espanelma

faSistma komunist pikasos `genrikas~

Sesaxeb hkiTxa:

_ es Tqveni naxelavia

_ ara, _ miugo mxatvarma, _ Tqveni!

erTxel pikasos acnobes: frankos

surs misi portreti daxatoo. didi

siamovnebiT, _ ganacxada pablom, _

oRond naturisaTvis Tavi gamomigzavnoso.

***

1997 wels Jurnal `XX saukunis~

merve nomerSi wavikiTxe zaza TvaraZis

xangrZlivi leqsi `oda rusTavels~ _

gaTanamedrovebuli rusTaveli.

Tavisufali leqsia, alag _ gariTmuli.

etyoba, prozaikosis dawerili

romaa. TiTqos sainteresoa, magram

mainc ar momewona. asec vuTxari Jurnalis

redaqtors zaal samadaSvils

telefoniT: `arilSi~ momewona zazas

moTxrobebi da sjobs isev prozas mixedos-meTqi.

meore dRes isev wavikiTxe

da moulodnelad brodskis xangr-

Zlivi leqsebi gamaxsenda. gamaxsenda

da zazas leqsic momewona. ase gvexmarebian

didi poetebi!

amerika – kontrastebis qveyana

jon kenedim Tavis inauguraciis

ceremonialze robert frosti miiwvia,

raTa leqsi waekiTxa. es faqti

poeziis aRiarebis kargi magaliTia. es

moxda 1961 wels, maSin frosti 87 wlisa

iyo. ori wlis Semdeg gardaicvala.

erTi wlis Semdeg, 1962 wlis 20

aprils, jon kenedim TeTr saxlSi

sadilze miiwvia uiliam folkneri,

romelmac uari ganacxada prezidentis

miwvevaze. maSin folkneri 65 wlisa

iyo. ori Tvisa da 17 dRis Semdeg

gardaicvala.

CvenTan, saqarTveloSi, leqsi ar

waukiTxavs, magram damoukidebeli

respublikis uzenaesi sabWos Tavmjdomaris

Tanamdebobaze poetma muxran

maWavarianma daasaxela zviad gamsaxurdia

– momavali prezidenti.

geniosobis maxasiaTebeli

jin landramis wignSi `ToTxmeti

geniosi, romlebic amsxvrevdnen kanonebs~

– SerCeuli 14 geniosidan rva

leqsebs werda, Tumca arcerTi ar iyo

poeti: pablo pikaso, aisedora dunkani,

markiz de sadi, adolf hitleri,

frenk loid raiti, amelia erharti,

nikola tesla da napoleon bonaparte.

ucnauri da sagulisxmo Sefardebaa:

msoflios milionobiT poetebidan

albaT erT procentsac ver Seadgenen

geniosebi, aq ki 14 geniosidan 8 _ TiTqmis

60% _ poetia. rogorc Cans, poezia

geniosobis uCinari maxasiaTebelia

(gaixseneT stalinis leqsebi, Tumca

stalini ver moxvda am ToTxmetSi,

gaixseneT agreTve marqsi, mao Zeduni,

miqelanjelo, Sagali da ase Semdeg).

erTxel pikasom ixumra, rom misi

gardacvalebis Semdeg enciklopediaSi

ase ganmartavdnen: `pikaso pablo

ruisi – espaneli poeti, romelic beds

cdida ferwerasa da qandakebaSi~.

deda eubneboda pikasos: Tu jarSi

waxval – generali gaxdebi da Tuki berad

aRikvecebi – papio. pikasom mesame

gza airCia da gaxda mxatvrebis generali

da papi.

***

SemimCnevia: mavani brwyinvaled yveba

saSualo anekdotsac ki, mavani kidev

brwyinvale anekdots `afuWebs~. mwerlobaSic

xdeba msgavsi ram: zogierTebi

TviTRirebulebaze sakmaod Zvirad

`yidian~ TavianT nawerebs, zogierTebi

ki ukeTes nawarmoebebs naxevar fasadac

ver `asaReben~.

sakuTari wignis reklama

1991 wels sakuTari xarjiT gamoveci

`ucnobi~ da `literaturul saqarTveloSi~

reklama gamovaqveyne: ra

kargi yofila sakuTari wignis reklamis

momzadeba: Tavs iqeb da sruliad

ar grcxvenia da ar wiTldebi!

guram doCanaSvili

guram doCanaSvili da vaxtang rurua

– iSviaTi tandemi – iSviaTi Sesabamisoba

mxatvrisa da mwerlisa. albaT

esaa bednieri SemTxveva, ufro zustad

_ bednieri Sexvedra. gegoneba,

gurami vaxtangis naxatebs uyurebda

da ise werdao (aseTi SemTxvevaa albaT

dore da rable, dore da dante, dore

da biblia).

guramis bolodroindel moTxrobebs

rom vkiTxulob, ucnauri azri

mawuxebs: amis damweri an SeSlilia,

anda – geniosi. arada, kargad vici, rom

SeSlili araa. albaT enas ase eqceoda

joisi.

disnei Tavis studiaSi profesional

mxatvrebs ar Rebulobda – profesionalebs

novatoruli azrovneba akliaTo,

daStampulebi ariano, da me

vfiqrob, gurams rom filologiuri

ganaTleba mieRo, albaT ar gveyoleboda

amdenad originaluri Semoqmedi

(gurami istorikosi-arqeologia).

doCanaSvili Tavidan werda tradiciasTan

miaxloebuli stiliT. mere da

mere misi manera TandaTan Seicvala,

imdenad Seicvala, rom gramatikul

normebsac daupirispirda da es dapirispireba

iqca mis ZiriTad stilad.

aseTi deformirebuli stili, rogorc

aRvniSne, joisis `ulises~ unda

hgavdes.

TviTon gurami gaxldaT daxvewili

da warmosadeqi. ramdenime wlis winaT

fexi moitexa da xangrZlivad iwva. mere

meored moitexa fexi da didxans ver

dadioda. Semdeg orsafexuriani yavarjeni

moimarjva da TiTqos habitusic

Seecvala. misi stili da garegnoba

erTnairad daupirispirdnen

normebsa da tradiciebs. amboben,

stili – TviTon adamianiao.

10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

inkognito mTargmneli

1962 wels Cvenma gamomcemlobam gamosca

daviT oniaSvilis mier Targmnili

`fausti~. wigni gamosacemad

moamzada, vrceli winasityvaoba da

vrceli komentarebi daurTo oTar

jinoriam. Targmanis mxatvruli done

aSkarad aradamakmayofilebelia. batonma

oTarma SemomTavaza gamesworebina

teqsti, romlis meore nawilic

pirvelad ibeWdeboda. me uari vuTxari.

jer erTi: poeturi teqsti sworeba

SeuZlebelia (umjobesia, Tavidan

Targmno) da meorec: me germanuli ar

vici. maSin batonma oTarma mTxova xelaxla

meTargmna poemis bolo ori

strofi, romelsac mistiuri qoro

warmoTqvams. momitana zusti pwkaredi

da amixsna teqsti da qveteqsti. ase

vTargmne da mTargmnelis miuTiTeblad

daibeWda es rva striqoni:

warmavali yoveli

mxolod anareklia,

naklulovans moelis

aq srulyofa erTian.

uCveulo, faruli –

aq namdvilad vlindeba,

maradiul-qaluric

aqeT migvezideba.

boris pasternaks Sesatyvisi striqonebi

ase aqvs Targmnili:

Âñå áûñòðîòå÷íîå –

Ñèìâîë, ñðàâíåíüå..

Öåëü áåñêîíå÷íàÿ

Çäåñü – â äîñòèæåíüå.

Çäåñü – çàïîâåäàííîñòü

Èñòèíû âñåé.

Âå÷íàÿ æåíñòâåííîñòü

Òÿíåò íàñ ê íåé.

sxvaTaSoris, `fausti~ rom daasrula,

goeTem brZana: amieridan ramden

xansac vicocxleb, RvTis saCuqrad

CavTvlio. samwuxarod, amis Semdeg

goeTem erTi weliwadic veRar icocxla.

***

erT Tanamdebobis kacs vicnobdi.

ambobdnen, saxlSi ori macivari udgas

da erTis gasaRebi jibeSi udevso. am

pirovnebas coli adre gardaecvala.

panaSvidze mec mivedi da erTma mkrexelurma

azrma gamielva: TiTqos raRac

kavSiri iyo daketil macivarsa da axalgazrda

meuRlis gardacvalebas

Soris. bolos Tanamdedobis kaci finansuri

maqinaciebis gamo partiidan

garicxes, arada, mxolod da mxolod

partbileTiT gaikeTa mTeli kariera.

***

ormocdaaTiani wlebis dasawyisSi,

Cemi studenturi ardadegebis dReeb-

Si, quTaisSi marjaniSvilis Teatris

gastrolebi mimdinareobda. TeatrTan

idgnen giorgi SavguliZe da mamia asa-

Tiani. mamiam Cemi Tavi gaacno msaxiobs.

igi Cemma gvarma daainteresa da

mkiTxa, sadauri javaxaZe xaro.

qvitireli-meTqi, – vupasuxe. SavguliZeebic

qvitiridana varTo. mesiamovna.

biZina kvernaZis naambobi

1998 wlis 29 ivliss biZina kvernaZe

70 wlisa Sesrulda (29 ivlisi Cemi dabadebis

dRecaa!). es informacia

televizoridan Sevityve. batonma bi-

Zinam saintereso epizodi gaixsena.

erTxel andria balanCivaZem miambo

sadRac amokiTxulio: musika didi

taZaria. igi gaWedilia geniosebiT.

yvela adgili dakavebulia. Sen am taZarSi

Sedixar, magram Tavisufal adgils

ver poulob. wre unda Semoiaro.

Tu sadme patara agurs aRmoaCen, maSinve

Camojeqi, Torem wre gaTavdeba da

gareT aRmoCndebio.

asea literaturaSic!

bozozio

cxovrobda gasuli saukunis italiaSi

erTi ucnauri bozozio, xazinis

komisari. erTxel busolenos bazarSi

yvela frinveli iyida da gauSva (ix.

Cemi leqsi – `xmaurobda Citebis daxuruli

bazari~). bozozio tyis moWris

winaaRmdegac ilaSqrebda. samsaxuri-


literaturuli gazeTi

10 - 23 dekemberi 2010 Canawerebi

dan rom daiTxoves da mcire pensia

dauniSnes, sruliad Secvala Tavisi

sakmaod mdidruli cxovrebis wesi: mxolod

kenkrovani mcenareebis umarilo

saWmels miirTmevda. erTaderTi

Sarvali da perangi daitova. mTeli

Tavisi danazogiT gamosca broSurebi

– `Cemi drois kritika~, `bunebis godeba~,

`godebani bunebisani~ da ufasod

daariga. mokled, es bozozio italieli

vaJa fSavela yofila. magram rad

ginda Cveni bozozio giJebis wignSi

Seitanes da im wignSi gavecani mas. es

wignia cnobili fsiqiatris Cezare

lombrozos `genialoba da SeSliloba~.

lombrozo amtkicebs, rom aRgznebul

SeSlilsa da STagonebul genioss

Soris araviTari gansxvaveba ar

arsebobs da bozozios magaliTic amas

amtkicebs.

P.S. albert Sveiceris wignSi `kultura

da eTika~ moxseniebulia XI saukunis

erTi Cinuri wigni – `saCuqrisa da

sasjelis Sesaxeb~, romelic mogviwodebs:

`adamianurad moeqeciT cxovelebs,

tkivils nu miayenebT mwerebs,

mcenareebsa da xeebs~. wignSi

dagmobilia da danaSaulad iTvleba

yovelgvari nadiroba.

samagaliTo paralelebi

_ axlaxan miviRe Tqveni werili.

vasruleb Tqvens Txovnas. gevedrebiT,

Tavs gaufrTxildiT. pasuxs velodebi.

– ase upasuxa imJamad mxolod leningradis

literaturuli sazogadoebisaTvis

cnobil, napatimrev da devnil,

24 wlis ioseb brodskis saqveynod

aRiarebulma 75 wlis ana axmatovam.

_ andriuSa, Tqveni niWiereba da

gamWriaxoba, Tqveni gageba bednierebis

saukunovani memkvidreobisa, xelovneba

rom ewodeba, Tqveni gemovneba,

Tqveni qceva da survilebi – ase

xSirad emTxveva Cemsas da es CemTvis

didi bedniereba da mxardaWeraa. – ase

wauwera naCuqar wignze 24 wlis andrei

voznesenskis 67 wlis boris pasternakma.

aTi wliT adre, 14 wlis voznesenskim

Tavisi leqsebi da piradi werili

gaugzavna maestros. pasternakma saxlSi

daureka da TavisTan miiwvia meeqvseklaseli,

esaubra da saukaTari

axali leqsebis rveuli gamoatana. mas

Semdeg xSirad urekavda, epatiJeboda

saxlSi, Semdeg – agarakze, sadac sab-

WoTa imperiis mTeli kulturuli elita

ikribeboda da usmenda maspinZels.

maspinZeli zogjer ymawvil andreisac

daiyenebda gverdiT, rogorc deklamators.

erTxel TeatrSic waiyvana –

sakuTari Targmanis premieraze,

romelsac `romeo da julieta~ erqva.

sakuTari Targmanebis kiTxvazec miiwvia.

mere leqsebis cikli gadaabeWdvina

– Seni remingtonis Srifti ukeTesiao.

am leqsebs isedac xSirad akiTxebda,

xSirad urekavda da rCevas sTxovda

– ama Tu im striqonis savaraudo

variantze. ase gagrZelda 13 weliwads

– pasternakis gardacvalebamde.

gulisxmierebisa da TaobaTa SemoqmedebiTi

Tanamegobrobis SesaniSnavi

SemTxvevaa, ara! - SesaniSnavi da, samwuxarod,

SesaSuri!

`me ToTxmeti wlisa var~ – ase daasaTaura

andrei voznenskim sakmaod

vrceli narkvevi da mogviTxro pasternakTan

urTierTobis epizodebi,

Tumca ToTxmeti wlis ymawvilis mier

gagzavnili werilis teqsti ar gagvacno,

dasZina ki: axlaxan TbilisSi, xalx-

Ta megobrobis muzeumSi, boris pasternakis

arqivSi vixile Cemi bavSvobisdroindeli

– muzeumis danomrili

_ werili pasternakisadmio. es arqivi

Semdeg saqarTvelos literaturis

muzeums gadaeca, magram iq voznesenskis

werili ar aRmoCnda.

Cveni eqs-megobrebi

samagierod, andrei voznesenskim

ruseTis arqivebSi aRmoaCina dokumentebi

da daamtkica, rom misi uSualo

winapari iyo andrei polisadovi –

saqarTvelodan mZevlad wayvanili imereli

ymawvili, romelic ruseTSi

muromis monastris winamRvari gaxda.

Semdgom amisa a. voznenskim dawera poema

`andrei polisadovi~, sadac amtkicebs,

rom saqarTvelo misi `meore

samSobloa~ da ana kalandaZe SeiZleba

misi biZaSvilic ki iyos. sxvaTaSoris,

andrei voznesenski ganaTlebiT arqiteqtoria

da igi Tanaavtoria moskovSi

aRmarTuli qarTuli anbanis sakmaod

maRali obeliskisa.

andrei voznesenskim gamoaqveyna

werili `siur~, romelic eZRvneba siurealistebs

(dalis, bretons, boskes).

igi wers:

_ Êîãäà ñåè÷àñ ó íàñ çà îêíîì èãðàþò â

ôóòáîë îòðåçàíîþ ãîëîâîþ, – ñþðåàëèçì

êàæåòñÿ íàèâíîé ïàòðèàðõàëüíîé ãðåçîé.

igi ar asaxelebs, sad, vin da visi

moWrili TavebiT iTamaSa fexburTi.

ar amxels, rom gagris stadionze es

Caidines separatistebma, meoce saukunis

miwurulis barbarosebma.

andrei voznesenski kargaxans emegobreboda

qarTvel mwerlebs, Targmnida

qarTvel poetebs, mravali leqsi

miuZRvna saqarTvelos da xSirad

Camodioda saqarTveloSi. magram

roca `meore samSoblos~ gauWirda da

misma Tanamemamuleebma gauWirves,

rodesac Cveni qveynis intervenciac

ganaxorcieles, pirSi wyali Caiguba da

Tvalebze xeli aifara.

Cemi sayveduri exeba ara marto andrei

voznesenskis, aramed agreTve –

evgeni evtuSenkos, bela axmadulinas

da sxvebs – saqarTvelos eqs-megobrebs.

peizaJis plagiatori

anri matisis gavlenas ganicdida

misi Tanamedrove cnobili frangi mxatvari

raul diufi. matisi ver itanda

diufis da emaleboda kidec, vinaidan

sadac ki saxls daiqiravebda,

raTa ganmartoebiT exeta, diufi mezobel

saxls daikavebda da im peizaJs

Sescqeroda, romelsac matisi Tavis

fanjrebidan.

van gogis rekordi

vinsent van gogma Tavi moikla 1890

wlis 29 ivliss (Cemi dabadebis dRes.

albaT amitom miyvars yvela mxatvarze

metad).

van gogi xatavda 1882-1890 wlebSi,

9 weliwads, da daxata 879 ferweruli

tilo (grafikuli Canaxatebis gareSe).

sakuTari stili 1887 wlisaTvis ipovna

da darCenil oTx weliwadSi mxolod

Sedevrebs qmnida.

1882-1886 wlebSi daxata 338 tilo,

1887-1890 wlebSi ki _ 541. maSasadame,

oTx weliwadSi _ 541, ese igi, weliwad-

Si _ 137, anu TveSi 11-ze meti, yovel 3

dReSi TiTo naxati.

es gaxlavT Sedevrebis rekordi.

sicocxlis bolo 2 TveSi anu samoc

dReSi 70 tilo da 32 naxati daxata.

bolo 6 weliwadSi 45 avtoportreti

daxata. naturas ver poulobda da

amitom xSirad iyureboda sarkeSi (me

maqvs van gogis 45 avtoportretis albomi).

1885-1890 wlebis van gogi _ 32-

37 wlisa – avtoportretebSi samocisamocdaaTi

wlisa gegonebaT. arsebobs

tuluz-lotrekis mier daxatuli

van gogi. aqac 33 wlis vinsenti

kidev ufro beberia.

me maqvs agreTve franguli gamomcemloba

"flamarionis" ferweris

klasikosTa albomebis seria. am seriaSi

oradori mxatvaria warmodgenili

or wignad anu 128 reproduqcia – nacvlad

64-isa: esaa van gogi da pikaso. magram

van gogma 37 weliwads icocxla,

pikasom ki _ 92 weliwads, van gogi 9

weliwads xatavda, pikaso ki _ 75 weliwads.

siyvarulo Zalsa Sensa!

van gogs Tavisi biZaSvili moswonda

(kaTolikebSi modis aseTi varianti).

amis gamo naTesavis ojaxSi

siaruls mouxSira. SeamCnies da, erTxelac

rom mivida, daumales, saxlSi ar

ariso. mixvda. saRamo iyo da magidaze

anTebuli lampa idga. vinsentma xeli

lampisaken gaiSvira da mSoblebs sTxova:

ai, xels lampis SuSas davafareb

da ramdenxansac gavuZleb, imdenxans

mainc manaxeT da mayurebineTo.

SeSinebulma maspinZlebma lampa

moSorebiT gadadges.

zafrana

ratomRac mgonia, rom safrangeT-

Si zafrana ar xarobs. warmoudgenelia,

zafrana van gogs ar SeemCnia!

van gogis meore rekordi

da van gogi cixeSi

1887 wels presaSi gamoqveynda saintereso

informacia: noembris TveSi

niu-iorkis auqcionze van gogis `zambaxebi~

gaiyida _ 53 milion 900 aTas

dolarad. es iyo ferweris rekordi,

Tanxa, romelmac yvela rekordi moxsna.

naxati SeiZina avstralielma magnatma

– alan bondma.

TerTmeti wlis Semdeg, 1998 wlis

aprilSi, presam gvauwya: avtralielma

magnatma, romelic sagadasaxado

TaRliTobisaTvis daapatimres, cixe-

Si Tan waiRo van gogis `zambaxebi~,

romelic 10 wlis winaT iyida 54 milion

dolarado (Tanxa da TariRi damrgvalebulia:

asi aTasi dolari da

erTi weliwadi ra salaparakoa!).

sxvaTaSoris, van gogma `zambaxebi~

ramdenjerme daxata. zambaxi misi sayvareli

yvavili iyo iseve, rogorc

mzesumzira.

imave 1987 wels, cotaxniT adre,

amerikaSi van gogis `mzesumzirebi~ iyida

iaponiis kompaniam 39 milion 900

aTas dolarad. ara 54 da 40 milioni,

aramed 53 milion 900 aTasi da 39 milion

900 aTasi: es nakluli 900 aTasi

dolari, rogorc Cans, raRacas unda

niSnavdes, SeiZleba es iyos Suamavlis

anu auqcionis gasamrjelo.

1998 wlis 17 aprils televizorSi

movismine: moskovSi gaixsna van gogis

erTi naxatis gamofenao. es iyo `fostalion

rulenis portreti~. erTi naxatis

gamofena mxolod erTxel maxsovs:

wlebis winaT parizidan moskovSi

Camoitanes leonardos `mona liza~

(mere iaponiaSi waabrZanes). maSin

sazRvrebi Caketili ar iyo da

Tbilisidanac bevri gaemgzavra moskovs

jokondas Rimilis sanaxavad. ganuwyvetelma

demonstraciam SeuCerebliv

Caiara `jokondas~ winaSe. me ver

wavedi. verc parizSi ver wavedi da

luvri ver vnaxe. van gogis ramdenime

originali ki maqvs nanaxi moskovis

puSkinis da sankt-peterburgis ermitaJis

muzeumebSi: `patimrebis gaseirneba~,

`doqtor reas portreti~,

`overis peizaJi wvimis Semdeg~, `qoxebi~,

`arlis wiTeli venaxi~...

ver gamigia, moskovis am mdidar

galereas, romelic marina cvetaevas

mamam daaarsa da Svilebi ulukmapurod

datova, ratom hqvia puSkinis

saxeli anda – Cvens Teatrs

rusTavelis saxeli rusTaveli

CvenTvis yvelaferia, magram saxeldebisas

mainc meti sizustea saWiro.

carieli skami,

carieli savarZeli

1982 wels van gogma Zmas teos miswera,

rom mas moewona luka fildisis

naxati – `carieli skami~. fildisi dikensis

nawarmoebebis ilustratori

iyo. roca dikensi gardaicvala, man

mwerlis carieli skami daxata da es

naxati moewona vinsents: `o, es carieli

skamebi! axlac bevria da kidev

3

ufro meti iqneba~, – swers igi Zmas.

eqvsi wlis Semdeg, 1888 wels, pol

gogeni van gogs ewvia arlSi. maspin-

Zelma stumrisTvis sagangebod SeiZina

savarZeli. erTxel waikamaTes da

gogenma SeaSina, wavalo. van gogs ewyina

da daxata carieli – `gogenis savarZeli

sanTliTa da wignebiT~, Semdeg

ki – `van gogis skami CibuxiT~.

1946 wels matisma daxata `savarZlis

portreti~. am veneciur savar-

Zels antikvarTan waawyda: `bolos da

bolos vipovne sagani, romelsac mTeli

weliwadi veZebdi. rom davinaxe,

guli amifancqaldao~, – miswera lui

aragons.

samive carielia. gogenis savarZeli

Zlivs eteva CarCoSi, matisisa – ver

eteva.

van gogis skamma 1966 wels damawerina:

`suli mxatvrisa hgavda katorRas,

surnels natrobda mwife TavTavTa,

skamebs xatavda, magram ratomRac mxolod

cariel skamebs xatavda~...

arlSi gogenma daxata van gogis

portreti, gulwrfelad unda iTqvas

– susti portreti. roca naxati daasrula,

vinsentma uTxra: `es namdvilad

me var, oRond – SeSlilio~, – da gogens

aryiani Wiqa esrola. amis Semdeg

erTxel kidev daapira gogenma arlidan

wasvla da amis Sesaxeb gaafrTxila

kidec van gogi.

bolos da bolos gogenis stumroba

tragikulad dasrulda: poli

gasaseirnelblad gavida saxlidan.

ukan rom moixeda, dainaxa: vinsenti

misken moiCqaroda da xelSi samarTebeli

eWira. gogeni gaiqca. van gogi

ukan Sebrunda da yuri moiWra.

es SemxTveva rembosa da verlenis

epizods hgavs: remboc cxovrobda

erTxans verlenTan. waiCxubnen da stumari

gaiqca. maspinZeli gamoekida, esrola

da daWra. verleni daapatimres

da ori weliwadi cixeSi gaatara.

ra aris xelovneba

warmoidgineT: arsukiZis sveticxoveli,

sveticxovlis did darbazSi –

firosmanis `iremi~. Soridan ismis

faliaSvilis `daisis~ uvertiura. diriJorobs

evgeni miqelaZe. uSangi CxeiZe

kiTxulobs avTandilis anderZs

`vefxistyaosnidan~. eWvianobs da eWvianobs

da eWvianobs otelo-Wabukiani

da vano sarajiSvili mReris `Tavo Cemos~...

ai, es aris xelovneba, qarTuli xelovneba!

***

bertold brextma brZana:

_ ubeduria qveyana, romelsac gmirebi

sWirdeba.

saqarTvelo ubedurze ubeduri

qveyana yofila: Cven mudam gmirebs

velodebiT da velodebiT da velodebiT!

***

raRa unda iyos Sedevrze meti da

ukeTesi – superSedevri anu

zeSedevri: miqelanjelo, leonardo,

rafaeli, homerosi, dante, Seqspiri,

servantesi, goeTe, beTxoveni, mocarti,

rusTaveli, firosmani... unda SevCerdeT,

metze nuRar gamovidebT Tavs!

***

frangul saestrado simRerebs rom

vismen, ase mgonia, teqstic mesmis. es

ar SemimCnevia inglisuri, italiuri,

germanuli simRerebis mosmenisas. arada,

skolaSic da universitetSic germanuls

vswavlobdi. etyoba, frangul

enas meti intimi aqvs, meti uSualoba.

***

mebralebian karieristebi: maTi

bedi sxvazea damokidebuli. viRacam

kargi TvaliT unda Sexedos, viRacam

xeli unda waaSvelos... me am mxriv gansazRvruli

upiratesoba gamaCnia: Cemi

bedi mxolod da mxolod Cemzea damokidebuli:

vcdilob xval ukeTesi leqsi

davwero, vidre guSin.

gagrZeleba Semdeg nomerSi


4 poezia

literaturuli gazeTi

* * *

win wyalia da ukan – mewyeri.

win sikvdilia, ukan – dabadeba.

nurasodes ikiTxav, sad iqnebi sikvdilis Semdeg.

moiTmine da yvelafers gaigeb,

yvelaferi gecodineba

da ise uvici, rogoric axla xar dabadebasa

da sikvdils Soris,

aRar iqnebi

da es iseTi saidumloa,

rom gamxela ar SeiZleba

da mokvdavad yofnis Jami siuvicis Jamia mxolod.

win wyalia da ukan – mewyeri.

sicocxle ise mSvenieria, rom dabadebad Rirda,

ufalo,

da me maradis madlieri var, rom gamaCine,

rom Cems mSoblebs mieci Zala Cemi SeqmnisTvis.

ar miyvars bavSvobis gaxseneba, radgan

Cems gemoze ver vcxovrobdi –

rac mindoda, ver vicvamdi da ver vWamdi

da mSoblebic Tavs mabezrebdnen aRzrdis wesebiT.

ar miyvars imis gaxseneba, rom erT dResac

movkvdebi da

Tan verafers ver waviReb, rac didobaSi moviqonie.

win sikvdilia, ukan – dabadeba

da maT Soris xidze vdgavar,

xidqveS midis cxovreba da iseTi lamazia,

maviwydeba, rom var mokvdavi,

xelebs frTebiviT vSli da xididan gadaveSvebi.

* * *

Wrialebs Jangisferi cecxli

anjamebdaJanguli karebiviT,

Wrialebs da iReba da ixureba

scilasa da qaribdasaviT.

unda moaswro da gaRma gasxlte,

Torem pirs gtacebs da ise dagwvavs,

Sengan ferflsac ki ar datovebs.

Sens xmasac dawvavs, waekideba.

Sens mzerasac dawvavs, waekideba.

Sens tkivilsa da sixarulsac dawvavs, waekideba.

Wrialebs Jangisferi cecxli –

ZvelTaZveli WiSkari miRma samyarosi,

romelic iseTi lamazia, iseTi netaria,

rom gaRma gasulebi iq darCenas arCeven

da ukan aRar brundebian.

aravin icis, rodis aenTo es cecxli da

aravin icis, rodis Caqreba,

rodis Sewyvets mZvinvarebas.

gabrazebulia cecxli, aRelvebulia cecxli,

arasodes ar iZinebs da arc Cven gvaZinebs

misi Wriali.

netav ki cecxlis pirs gadamarCina –

metkineba cecxlma rom piri mtacos,

magram is ufro metkineba,

rom es cecxli moklas raimem.

* * *

yavasTan erTad movwrupe leqsi.

namcxvarTan erTad vReWav leqss da

vcdilob, leqsma ki ar majobos, ar gamisxltes,

aramed me vajobo da davwero da Sevirgo.

sigaretTan erTad movwie leqsi

da vigrZeni, Troba rogor gadmovida Cems arsebaSi,

rogor momedo neli cecxliviT da amaduRa.

leqsebiT vsazrdoob,

yvela sazrdos leqss vayoleb,

leqsSi vcxovrob, leqsSi vzivar,

rogorc lokokina niJaraSi,

rogorc zRarbi eklebSi.

sanam leqsSi var, Tavs Sin vgrZnob,

Tavs vgrZnob daculad

da Tu leqsidan sxva tkivilma gamomaZeva,

umweo var, rogorc axalSobili,

romelsac cxovreba jer ar hkidia zurgze

lokokinas niJarasaviT,

rom Sig SeZvres da mters daemalos.

RvinosTan erTad Sevsvi leqsi –

TiTo ylupi TiTo sityvaa.

me leqsSi var da leqsi CemSia

da ufals SevTxov, leqsidan nu gamomaZevebs,

am tkivils ver gavuZleb.

* * *

gadmodi kedlidan, kedelze daxatulo

yviTelo yanCa,

gadmodi kedlidan da icekve,

raTa Cveni guli gaaxaro.

Sen Raribma studentma dagxata kedelze,

raTa simdidre mogetana patronisaTvis.

mayureblebi aRtacebiT mogCerebian,

Sors gavarda Seni saxeli.

oRond arasdros ar icekveb erTi kacisTvis,

rac ar unda mdidari iyos.

dalila bedianiZe

Sen mxolod misTvis cekvav xolme,

vinc ki aris suliT poeti

da vinc icis zRaprebisa, leqsebisa da

cekvis fasi.

ar gaiZuleb, rom icekvo mxolod CemTvis.

Sens cekvas taSiT ajildoeben mayureblebi

da es taSi erTvis Seni frTebis xmas.

gadmodi kedlidan, kedelze daxatulo

yviTelo yanCa,

aavse suli bednierebiT

da raoden dasanania, rom Sen gnaxa iseTma kacmac,

visac fuli jibeebs axevs

da iyida Seni bolo cekva da mere

Sens damxatav students gahyevi frTebCamoyrili,

o, uSenod CavbneldiT, Cveno yviTelo yanCa!

* * *

fexdafex da xeldaxel,

TvaldaTval da guldagul,

pirdapir da TandaTan

midixar da Tan gza gZuls.

Cqar-Cqara da nel-nela,

xandaxan da windawin

afrindeba pepela,

gafrindeba Senebr Sin.

wvimdawvim da qardaqar,

dRiTidRe da RamdaRam

dagaxetebs kardakar

bedi, romlisac ki gwams.

mze da mze da cimcima

Rrubel-Rrubel gza gadis.

Tvalma ki gaicina,

guli – kvnesis maradis.

* * *

aRar aris faitoni,

arc tramvai aRar aris.

Seicvalnen droni, droni

da qariSxlad iqca qari.

aRar aris faitoni

(faitons ver moveswari).

qarma Seicvala toni,

qarma Seicvala mxari.

aRar aris faitoni,

visac axsovs, arc is aris.

dros ara aqvs Turme foni,

dros ara aqvs Turme kari.

aRar aris faitoni.

manqanebis ria-ria...

da gvgonia monagoni

miviwyebul saganT sia.

aRar aris faitoni,

arc tramvai maxsovs kargad.

ra jobia, ver avwoni,

ra iyo da daikarga.

aRar aris faitoni

da yviTeli avtobusiT

me win mivqri mTeli RoniT,

rogorc gneus pompeusi.

* * *

mwarea martoobis sigareti,

romelic xidad gadebula dResa da Rames Soris,

guSindelsa da xvalindels Soris

da iwvis da unda moaswro,

10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

sanam bolomde Caiwveba,

gaRma gaxvide da ar darCe

dRevandel dReSi marto, daRlili.

Ramis pirveli saaTia.

sigaretis Tvali anTia Ramis uRranSi,

rogorc mSieri mglis Tvali – tyeSi,

roca uecrad Svlis suns igrZnobs da

pirdaRebuli kvals daadgeba.

mwarea martoobis sigareti,

roca xmis gamcems natrob da

oTx kedels ise exeTqebi,

viT Tevzi - bades,

mebaduri rom napirisken miezideba.

da miT ufro mwarea es sigareti,

rac ufro grZnob, rom igi ukanaskneli Reria,

Sen ki daZinebas jer ar apireb,

Tumca irgvliv yvelas sZinavs

da sigareti rom gagiTavdeba,

veRaravis gamoarTmev.

sanam gavemgzavrebode

sanam gavemgzavrebode,

Cavicvam Cems saukeTeso kabas,

romelic yvelaze Zalian mixdeba,

gavikeTeb mZivs da sayureebs,

Tmas gadavivarcxni

da ukanasknelad Cavixedav sarkeSi.

mere davwer Cems ukanasknel leqss

da davtoveb Cems sawer magidaze,

rogorc baraTs,

romelsac waikiTxavs is, vinc

Cems Semdeg pirveli Semova Cems binaSi

da ver mipovis,

radgan ukve wasuli viqnebi

iq, maRla, zecaSi,

romlis misamarTic yvelam icis da aravin icis,

romlis karic mxolod orjer eReba adamians –

dabadebisas da sikvdilisas.

Cemze ityvian, gaiparao.

sanam gavemgzavrebode, sakuTar sxeuls

davemSvidobebi

madlobT, rom kargad gamiZlo, memsaxura

da bolo cremls moviwmend,

radgan iq, sadac me gavemgzavrebi,

ara ars Wiri da mwuxareba,

aramed – sixaruli da

cxovreba igi dausrulebeli.

* * *

ze-ca da qve-ca

da maT Soris dedamiwaa

da mze sicocxlis da mze sikvdilis.

dedamiwaze Cemi Crdili afenia

da mtkiva Crdili,

radgan fexs adgamen gamvlelebi

da aravin Cerdeba CemTan,

raTa mkiTxos, ra mtkiva, ra matirebs.

ze-ca da qve-ca...

zRva afenia miwas, rogorc sagrili

da zRvis zvirTebi cas pirs banen

da dedamiwas fexebs banen,

rogorc axali patarZlebi – qmars saRamos,

Sin daRlili rom dabrunebula saToxaridan.

ze-ca da qve-ca...

ze-skneli da qve-skneli...

guli miskdeba, ise miyvars Cemi samyaro,

siyvaruli gulSi veRar meteva

da damsxvreuli brolis vazasaviT

gulis nafleTebi varskvlavebad efinebian

ze-cas da qve-cas

da iseTi cac arsebobs, romelsac ara aqvs ze da qve,

romelSic dedamiwa ar Cans

da roca iq var stumrad, Crdili aRar mtkiva,

samagierod suli mtkiva,

romelsac ar eTmoba SeCveuli dedamiwa.

dasasruli me-9 gverdze


10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

iazonisa da medeas gragnili

mze rom kocnida aresis Walas,

is miambobda ilias ambavs,

qali, romelic Ralatobs mamas,

xval erTgulebas mpirdeba Tavad.

bevri viareT farulad, malviT,

Svidjer SevCerdiT wyarospir dRisiT,

sanam ar Segvxvda TviT eliosis

mrisxane Ze da asuli misi, -

misani, magi, rCeuli mefis,

samefo saxlis xateba sruli,

ios, idias lamazi frTebiT,

amazonebis mSfoTvare suliT.

qali - qalia da baRis gareT

damatarebda ucnobi gzebiT,

xan neba-neba miyrida Tvalebs,

xan warmarTiviT mkocnida vnebiT.

Cven siyvaruliT vTvrebodiT isev,

rogorc es iyo guSinwin, guSin,

xoxbis caliviT malavda kisers

Cemi TiTebis usier tyeSi.

vxnavdi, vTesavdi urCxulis kbilebs,

vebrZodi qveynis uxilav Zalebs...

Cven am samoTxes davtovebT droze

da korinToSic viqnebiT male.

mze rom gadava samSoblos iqiT,

is ukve sxvisi mzea da ganZi,

me ukve vxedav samefo gvirgvins, -

oqros sawmisiT da oqros CangiT.

me ukve vxedav eladis kariT, -

sasaxlis bisons, Zoweuls, qarvas...

roca daTbeba zRva, rogorc baRi,

maSinve maRla auSviT afra!

* * *

ager korinTo, ager qaldea,

ager Savtuxa sparta, midia...

magram sxva aris CemTvis medea,

oqros sawmisi sul sxva miTia.

rogorc brZanebda Ze heliosis, -

im Zvelkolxuri welTaRricxvidan

mTeli egvipte, mTeli nilosi

Sens mwuxarebad ar Rirs, idia!

qali xar, deda SvilmokveTili,

usastikesi, mware xvedrisa,

visTvis SumerTa STamomavalo,

visTvis pirimzev Cemi qveynisa!

gamocxadebuli qorwilis gragnili

oidiposis etliviT Sedga

korinTos bWesTan samefo etli,

gaiRo kari... dedoflis mxevalT

Semohyva aTi msaxuriT meti.

moaqvT giSeri, oqsino, Zowi,

medeas xeliT naqargi kaba...

da, xarobs mefe... da, rogorc xomli, -

cimcimebs mTeli Temi da daba.

farTod aReben darbazis karebs,

rom ufro kargad gamoCndes diliT

beWdebi - mwvane bivritis TvlebiT, -

Svlisa da kravis Tvalebis WriliT.

xval iazoni apirebs qorwils,

iqneba bevri Rvino da Tafli,

iqneba vardTa da gulTa frTona

da moxaluli Txili da wabli.

magram uecrad sasaxles SesZravs

qalis da cecxlis pirveli kocna...

da guls, jer kidev qorfas da cocxals

ucxo mxareSi waiRebs Zera.

ambavi patara dinozavrisa

ar gamagono karze kakuni,

ar gamaxseno Zveli Wriloba,

arc mtris, arc moyvris mesmis raime,

me xom patara dinozavri var!

literaturuli gazeTi

geno kalandia

CemTvis sulerTi aris dReidan

kaci Wkviani anda uniWo,

qali umanko anda meZavi,

me xom patara dinozavri var!

wvimebs, niaRvrebs miaqvs isedac

miwa xariviT qedgaxexili,

vefxvis tyaviviT miWril-moWrili,

me xom patara dinozavri var!

midis da miaqvs baRi forToxlis,

vardis buCqebi, RiRiloebi,

iebi - mindvris Rilkiloebi,

me xom patara dinozavri var!

oci welia win misvenia

mkerdSi aTasjer isargayrili

da samaremde ver mimignia...

me xom patara dinozavri var!

zafxulis qronika

cecxlis yvavilebs ugavdaT tuCebi,

kocna uyvardaT da mofereba.

zRvidan brundebodnen xelCanTebiT,

forToxlisferi ZuZuebiT,

kentavris ucxo TeZoebiT.

neta, sad arian axla is qalebi, -

nisliviT taniT da abreSumiT!

neta, sad arian!

yurebidan, rogorc niJarebidan

RamRamobiT vardi amosdiodaT,

Tvalebidan mze da ablabuda,

hyavdaT kanonieri qmrebi, -

qviSis saaTiviT daclilebi...

da meduzebiviT xuWuWTmiani sayvarlebi.

xSirad erTad qeifobdnen

an dominos TamaSobdnen

TevziviT qmrebi da meduzebi.

neta, sad arian axla is qalebi, -

aryis xeebiviT qera da maRlebi!

neta, sad arian!

Turqi didvaWari da qarTveli qali

Sen rom didvaWars uyvarde ise,

rogorc uyvarxar erT sawyal poets,

gifeSqaSebda naxevar rizes,

saTxilamuro baRebs da kortebs.

da SabaT-kvira ivlidi zRvaze

ucxo megobriT - lamazi ZaRliT,

magram is Turqi ar fiqrobs ase...

da arc gyavs ZaRli...

da ar gaqvs saxli...

bebrebi

oTar WilaZis xsovnas

rodesac didi poeti kvdeba,

zRvebi, qarebi iwyeben qviTins...

am wiTur bebrebs edebaT sneba

da myrali suli evsebaT fiTriT.

gulze, viT karze urduli adevT,

arc qriste axsovT da misi mcneba,

oTaxSi SuriT aqroben sanTlebs,

rodesac didi poeti kvdeba.

gareT haerSi dafrinavs Citi, -

vardiT, laJvardiT, galobiT Tvreba,

boRmiT da SuriT uSrebaT sisxli,

rodesac didi poeti kvdeba.

mRvdlebi, viT Zmebi modian diliT,

rom aRasrulon rCeulis neba,

am wiTur bebrebs ar yofniT Zili,

rodesac didi poeti kvdeba.

mTawminda ukve axloa misTvis,

viT mSoblis ezo da aTi mcneba...

CemsaviT wuxs da ganicdis bevri,

rodesac didi poeti kvdeba.

* * *

erTi simRera vaCuqe Tbiliss,

rogorc aragvze gazrdili biWi,

iseTi Sveba vigrZeni diliT,

megona xe var, - mdinaris fiWvi.

orfeosiviT ukravda qnarze

Svenoda lurji zambaxi, vardi,

mze iyo zedans, mze idga beTans,

misi RvTiuri sinaTlis madliT.

Cven, mokvdavebi, visxediT CrdilSi,

vaRebdiT saxlis da baRis karebs

da micuravda, viT uflis niSi,

aragvis wyalSi aragvis mTvare.

mweralTa saxlSi mReroda SaSvi, -

ubnis alali da ubnis Tvali

da Srialebda saRamos qarSi

xelborkilebiT mosuli wyali.

erTi simRera vaCuqe Tbiliss,

rogorc aragvze gazrdili biWi.

Trimli

Cven es zafxuli viqnebiT erTad,

vercxlis wyarozec sul erTad vivliT,

gamoxval gareT... da ucxo sevdas

mogiklavs umal patara Trimli.

naxav... miapyrob alersiT Tvalebs,

rom ukeT igrZno Trimli da hava,

Sedgebi borcvze da soflis mTvares

Sexedav, rogorc sakuTar mamas.

* * *

Camouyria cas varskvlvebi, -

viT dedas puri, - cxeli SoTebi,

dgas SavulvaSa osis biWiviT

erTi qliavis xe moSorebiT.

qsanze vardisfrad iwvis Rrubeli, -

cremlis da Svebis erTad momgvreli,

sadRac am RamiT, - am siCumeSi

gaCnda ori Zma, - ori bokveri.

brwyinavs soslanis oqros xmaliviT

erTi ca, erTi mze da SoreTi,

giyureb, vxedav, rogorc natvrisTvals

da liaxviviT nela gSordebi.

wuxel avnevTan iyo xanZari

da varskvlavTcvena didi Ramisa,

me arc skviTi var da arc xazari,

rom ar miyvarde, xeo, qarTlisa!

dasasruli me-9 gverdze

poezia 5


6 literaturuli gazeTi

Canawerebi 10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

Sofrebi Cveni mRelvarebisa

maisis boloa. ukve sastikad cxela

TbilisSi. taqsSi vjdebi da vgrZnob,

rogor aZlierebs (ufro haeris `dasatkbobad~,

vidre gasagrileblad)

sarkeze Camokidebuli mwvane foToli

Tu raRac jandaba am oxer sicxes. erTi

niSani utyuaria: aq ar ewevian, ar svamen

da kamaTelsac ar agoreben...

mZRoli Suaxans mitanebuli brge

vaJkacia. qalaqur bazrobaze gavrcelebuli

`vandami maikidan~ misi

granitis kunTebi damcinavad umzeren

sicxis moieriSe gamvlelebs. maT

Soris, _ mec... erT-erT granitze

iaponuri tatua: _ cxovreba mSvenieria!..

yovelSemTxvevaSi, me ase wavikiTxe.

`cxela, amis... Zalian magra cxela...~

_ CemTvis xmadabla Cavilaparake.

`daiwyo, ai...~ _ mxars mibams mZRoli.

`ra daiwyo..~

`ra da, wels Sen pirveli xar, vinc

_ zafxulSi cxela, zamTarSi _ civao,

amboben. unda Cavifiqro, ai... toCnaT

vici, amisruldeba!..~ _ mZRoli iRimeba,

karg gunebazea, ara Cans cxovrebiT

maincdamainc ukmayofilo.

me ki vfiqrob, _ Cveni cxovreba,

Cemo Zmao, zustad is ZaRlia, romelic

koWlobiT ar mokvdeba_meTqi...

kargi biWi

`pekinze~ Semxvda daRvremili l. ra

iyo, biWo, ra gWirs, SevekiTxe. araferic

ar mWirs, mipasuxa, ubralod, Cemda

samwuxarod mivxvdi, rom ara var me

wesieri kaci, sul eg ari, meti

araferi... am diliT Cems sadarbazosTan

videqi. kedelze uzarmazari

falosi miexata viRac onanists, _

gvian RamiT daxatavda, Torem rom

damenaxa, cocxali ver gadamirCeboda

eg nabiWvari... aerozoliT iyo Seqmnil-Sesrulebuli,

Tanac nakls ver

upovidi, verc _ waSlidi, Zmao, eg

unda gadaRebo... mere mezoblis qalma

Camoiara, SeCerda da saubaric gamiba.

me ki ise davdeqi, rom `Cem~ lamaz

dedakacs (misi `survili~ ara maqvs,

RmerTmani!) Tvali ver moewyvita

freskisTvis... miTxari, amis Semdeg,

wesieri kaci var, gana! ara, me ara var

`karqi biWi~, me zneobrivi dambla dameca

da es albaT, arc ari gasakviri...

ise, ra dasamalia, im `mxatvris~ madlieri

mainc unda viyo, misi wyalobi-

Taa, WeSmaritebas rom veziare, Cemo

Zmao...

ori sinanuli

_ amis deda vatire, _ ugemurad

iRimeba gurama (yavas vsvamT mis saxelosno-biblioTekaSi),

_ mTeli sicocxlea,

wignebs vagroveb da

meoTxedic ara maqvs wakiTxuli... ra

absurdia, ara!.

`mitovebuli, daumTavrebeli

leqsebi~, _ maxsendeba erTi Cemi megobari

poetis naTqvami, _ `Ria WrilobebiviTaa,

arasdros Segixorcdeba

da Senc arasdros miubrundebi...

daumTavrebeli leqsi, romelic... mitovebul

qals hgavs...~

indielebi biWvinTaSi

biWvinTis mweralTa dasasvenebeli

saxli genialuric iyo da internacionaluric.

aq mSobliuri, qarTveli mwerlebis

garda ojaxebiT isvenebdnen

rusebi, somxebi, baltiispirelebi,

Suaazielebi...

navaxSmevs Sereul jgufebad isxdnen

Warmagi da axalgazrda, mxcovani

da damwyebi mwerlebi da bWobdnen da

kamaTobdnen da mgoni, WeSmaritebamdec

ki midiodnen. Tumca, am Temas aRar

gamovekidebi... ise, sasargebloc iyo:

SegeZlo, nebismier jgufs mikedlebodi

da azric gamogeTqva. me Sen getyvi,

ar mogismendnen, ar SegekamaTebodnen

anda beWebze ver dagcemdnen Tu ra!.

erT-erT aseT saRamos, Cemi umcrosi

Zma da misi Tanaasakelni da, Sesabamisad,

Tanamzraxvelnic nela Semoigigi

sulakauri

mogonebebis molekulebi

zlaznen teritoriaze. `pivebi hqondaT

daleuli~, mdored, epikurad

mdinarebdnen da daRlili, magram ukve

sakmaod gamocdili, daunjebuli mzeriT

Wvretdnen midamos...

am dros Semzaravi yiviliT, stveniTa

da SeZaxilebiT Caiqroles maTi

asakis rusma `indielebma~. xelT `kamiSis~

Subebi epyraT (aRar maxsovs,

isxdnen Tu ara joxis cxenebze), mrisxane,

mobilurad moqmedi sakmaod didi

tomi iyo, _ nebismier forts daaqcevdnen...

Caiqroles da subtropikuli

mcenareebis bindSi gauCinardnen.

Cvenamde Soridan aRwevda aRebuli

fortis dacemis vai-viSi, daWrilTa

wyevla-krulva da sasowarkveTili

godeba: `nasrevi~ Subi-kamiSi xSirad

da zustad xvdeboda mizans...

es wamebSi moxda, Tumca sakmarisi

aRmoCnda: mwerlebs ZarRvebSi sisxli

gaeyinaT, zRva gaitruna da mTvaremac

Tavs uSvela, RrublebSi miimala.

mxolod Cveni biWebi ar aRelvebulan.

metic, mamukam Tavis Zmebs gadaxeda da

erTaderTi, sevdian-ironiuli da Tanac

TanagrZnobiT aRsavse fraza warmoTqva;

_ naxe, biWo, Cveni toli rusis bi-

Webi isev indielobanas TamaSoben!..

elo damrigebeli

Cemi mezobeli elo lamazi da sakmaod

ucnauri dedakaci iyo. yvela

sikeTesTan erTad, mis ucnaurobas

cinizmis sunic asdioda. erTxel ase

damariga:

`gigi, icode, yvelaze tkbili, mezoblis

Sinauri da...qalia, romelsac

xeli ar unda axlo, mxolod axlodan

unda uyuro... oRond (miyurebs da qirqilebs),

Tu ase icxovreb, Cem fexebs

miiReb cxovrebaSi...~

bakurianuli

odesRac aq `axalgazrda Semoqmed-

Ta~ simpoziumebi imarTeboda. ikribebodnen

axalgazrda (da arc ise axalgazrda)

imedis momcemi mwerlebi da

reJisorebi, mxatvrebi da musikosebi,

arqiteqtorebi... iyvnen `quCis~ biWebic

da Tavisufali gogoebic, romel-

Ta yofaqcevasac, me vityodi, daumsaxureblad,

ratomRac msubuqi ewodeboda...

erT mSvenier dilas derefanSi

TviTkritikulad ganwyobil, arcTu

ise axalgazrda Semoqmeds gadaveyare.

Semoqmedi `paxmeliis pribois~ mZime

Semotevas ganicdida da Tan aRelvebulic

iyo. Cemi SekiTxvis (rogor br-

Zandeboda am dilas) pasuxad momyavs

misi arasruli monologi:

`zdrasti, brat... xo ar vsvam, ai,

TiTqmis oTxi Tvea ar damilevia, xo

aze xar, magram guSin ar vapirebdi dalevas,

brat, xo aze xar, rogor gaurbivar,

kargaT gamige, ra! magram...

leqsi ar waikiTxa, im axvarma! avardi,

ra, to, hoda, gavavse CaisWiqa aryiT,

kargaT gamige, ra! mokleT, ver

gamaCeres, ra, da mec da utra urtyi,

xo aze xar, kargaT gamige, ra! exla

vkvdebi, magis deda vatire, ram damalevina,

ra leqsi, ris mefsi, vax, Cemi,

kargaT gamige, ra! Tanac dRes, kaco,

maincdamainc dRes, ministri ar Camodis,

Turme! vax, me amis... daemTxva, ra,

kargaT gamige, ra! Tan sityva unda

vTqva, partia seriozni veSCia, xo mar-

Tali var, brat...” da a. S.

da am idiotma imave saRamos auditoriis

winaSe yovlad urcxvad ganacxada:

_ profesiuli sindisi nebas

ar maZlevs, ise davwero, rogorc sxvebi

weren...

SeiZleba, marTalic iyo...

kurkas torSeri

torSeri Cem megobar kurkas ekuTvnis.

nivTi gasuli saukunis 50-ani wlebis

dizainis Sedevria. asli ar gegonoT,

naRdi originalia. masiuri TeTri

xisaa, brinjaos varayiani CuqurTmebiT,

miniT da sxva maSindeli `silamazeebiT~

damSvenebuli. torSeri

`lafSi Cafluli uremiviT~ mZimea, Zveli,

pirvandeli adgili verafriT

Seucvales, ver moerivnen da dgas,

rogorc idga _ nazad Tavdaxrili da

sevdiani. eg aris kurkas oTaxis mzec,

mTvarec da sinaTlis danarCeni

wyaroebic, _ Cveni kurka Zalian ufrTxildeba,

_ misi Suqis qveS `wevs da

icoxnis..~

roca kurka gavicani, torSers aba-

Juri ar hqonda. me ki uabaJuro sanaTi

warmoudgenlad magonebda SiSvel

dedakacs. cal fexze Semdgar weros

an yanCas ki ara, aramed qals, dedakacs.

Tanac, ratomRac rubensis TeTr, fiTqina

da xorcsavse dedakacs. damijereT,

es sanaTi-qali aranair vnebas

ar aRmiZravda, razec ginda davificeb,

Tundac damokles maxvilze, ariadnes

Zafze, amiranis mopovebul cecxlze...

hipokrates ficsac ki davdeb,

rom ase iyo da aris kidec... imitom,

rom mere torSers abaJuric moarges

da axla kurkas oTaxSi rubensis SiSveli,

magram Tavsaburaviani qali dgas

da romelsac `SiSiT~ Tvals ver vusworeb...

megobrisTvis Cemi SiSi, ra Tqma

unda, ar gamimxelia. vici, rasac metyoda...

tiali TuSeTi

ucnauri, gansacvifrebeli `Smotkaa~

nabadi. uucnauresi ki, _ Cemi sazomiT,

_ nabadSi Zilia. es aris saku-

Tar TavTan darCenis unaRdesi, me vityodi,

absoluturi saSualeba...

maSin karavic gvqonda da `spalnikebic~,

magram ise viRlebodiT, vis

hqonda karvis `dacemis~ Tavi! nabad-

Si gauxdelad gaxveuli (oRond gaxvevis

teqnikas unda flobde), pirdapir

miwaze miwvebodi, sicive ar gawuxebda

da arc wvimis geSinoda... eg iyo

loginic, karavic, binaca da galavanic...

nabadSi Zili imitom vaxsene, rom

am `binaSi~ sizmrebi, rogorc ityvian,

kadrebiviT cvlian erTmaneTs. mokle,

magram srulmetraJiani, mazalo sizmari-filmebia.

Tu naTxovari nabadi

gaqvs, maSin, ueWvelad, sxvisi anu `avtorisac~

dagesizmreba. es arc mistikaa

da arc Cemi gamogonili ramea. me

naTxovari nabadi mqonda da vici, gamovcade

sxvisi nabdisa da Sav bewvebSi

samudamod CaxlarTuli ucxo sizmrebis

araCemeuli vnebani...

am gamocdilebas `rusulis~ leqtors

unda vumadlode. 70-ian wlebSi

swored man damtova kursze. Cemi brali

iyo, _ gulubryvilod megona, vinc am

enaze kargad metyvelebda, _ is arc unda

daswreboda leqciebs. marTalia, Teoriulad

marTali viyavi, magram marTali

kaci xom yovelTvis iCagreba da isjeba

kidec... daniaSi. me ratom gamalaRebdnen,

gamocdaze tolstois, puSkinis, turgenevis

da sxva didi biWebis gverdiT warmodgenili

iyvnen sxva mozrdili,

`wiTelkaniani~ biWebic: furmanovi, ostrovski,

serafimoviCi da sxvebic. ostrovski

kidev jandabas, masTan rita ustinoviCi

meguleboda, magram danarCenebisTvis

ra meqna!.

`es sulakaurebi ar unda gamoilioT

am universitetSi~ _ am tkbili,

magram damTrgunavi sityvebiT (albaT,

CaTvala, rom samudamod) damemSvidoba

vasili tiorkinze jvardawerili

leqtori (Cveni saubari, ra Tqma unda,

mis `mSobliur~ enaze mimdinareobda).

mere aprili miiwura da mec mTa-

TuSeTSi gadavwyvite wasvla. mwyemsebs

davemgzavreT me da Cemi biZaSvili

daTo. gaviareT gremi, sabue, WalaSi

cxenebi davWedeT (anu mwyemsebma

daWedes) da yadorisken gavutieT.

pirvelad im WalaSi vnaxe ulayebis

Serkineba da isic gavige, cxenis Zala

rac aris. mwyemsebTan erTad miverekebodiT

cxvris farebs, cxenebs da tvir-

Takidebul virebs: uTvalavi cxvari,

bevri cxeni, aTiode viri da veluri,

kavkasiuri ZaRlebis xrova _ TeTrebi,

saxeSavebi da Zalian avebi (Tu moundaT,

mxedars Tavisuflad CamoiReben

cxenidan). veluri imitom, rom,

rogorc WeSmarit meomars ver Seedreba

`salonis meomari~, ise ver Seedreba

ZaRlTsaSenSi `moyvanili~ nagazi

cxvarSi gazrdil, mTaSi `naval~

nagazs. Teoze mTvlemare ZaRlebs cxvrisgan

verc ki gamoarCev; am bombora,

qarTul nagazSi genetikurad Zevs

bolomde ganviTarebuli pasuxismgeblobis

grZnoba. amitomac, CaZinebulis

an mZinaris Tqma cota meuxerxuleba,

_ mTvlemare vamjobine...

yoveli Rame ZaRlebis iyo, _ maTi

yefa-quxilis da moZraobis, erTmaneTTan

angariSsworebis da CemTvis

uxilav mterTan Widilis... mTvaresac

ebrZodnen xolme, me ki nabadSi wamomjdari,

swored mTvaris da varskvlavebis

Suqze vuyurebdi maT TeTr

landebs, romlebic swrafad eSvebodnen

xevSi an mTaze arbodnen; minaxavs,

xrova oradac gaiyofoda xolme, _

sxvadasxva mxares gaqroldeboda,

didi xniT gauCinardeboda...

me ar vici, vin iyo is uxilavi arseba,

visac misdevdnen. arc is vici, marto

iyo Tu Tanamzraxvelebic axldnen.

ZaRlebs sxvanairi alRo da geSi

aqvT, kosmiuri ynosva, _ rogorc ity-


10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

oda grigol robaqiZe. es xiluli mTvaris

gamo, Torem uxilavi bua an gudiani

kaci me iq naRdad ar Semxvedria.

mxolod erTxel vnaxe, savse mTvaris

dros rogor Seicvalnen ZaRlebi. maT-

Si maTze Zlierma, raRac pirvelyofilma

gaiRviZa: droSebiviT kudaweulebi

awrialdnen, nestoebs beravdnen,

_ isunebodnen da are-mares

ise awydebodnen, TiTqos adgils ver

poulobeno (maSin momeCvena an ufro

mivxvdi, rom TviTonac warmoudgenel

energias asxivebdnen); raRac iseT uxilavs

Wvretdnen, rac CvenTvis ar arsebobs,

ara gvaqvs amis danaxvis niWi...

magram bavSvebic xom zustad imas

xedaven, rasac Cven veRar vxedavT, ve-

Rar aRviqvamT, dagviClungda mxedveloba,

dabrmavda Cveni gonebis Tvali.

ufro sworad, savalad sxva bilikebi

amovirCieT; anda, ubralod daviviwyeT

imdroindeli da axla Cvens

realursa da irealurs Soris Cvenive

gadebuli Slagbaumia; da or samyarosTan

kavSiris dasamyareblad, sakuTar

TavTan unda waradgino saSvi,

viza da sabuTebi. raxan bavSvobidan

gazrdas, didobas vexarbebiT da gvinda,

rom ase iyos, maSin _ iyos, mainc

verafers Secvli.

(Tumca, sxva sinamdvilec arsebobs,

roca realurica da irealuric erTmaneTSi

iTqvifeba da fiqrob: _ mar-

Tla iyo, Tu _ gamovigone!. da raxan

Zalian xSirad ibnevi da gezareba `mexsierebis

Zveli ZonZebis~ qeqva, maSin

xels Caiqnev da SenTvis ityvi, _ erTi

magis, iyos, rogorc aris, mainc verafers

Sevcvli...)

axla me zustad mxolod erTi rame

vici: mwyemsebTan erTad gavlilma

gzam, mwyemsurad cxovrebam, maTsaviT

simartovem da gauTavebelma fiqrma,

kidev yadorze da saduceze gadasvlam,

wvimis qveS nabadSi Tu unabdod

Zilma, zvavebma, nislma da Tovlma

Zalian bevri momca; ufro meti momca,

SemZina da maswavla, vidre auditoriebSi

gatarebulma uamravma saaTma, _

`Jelezni patokma~, `istmatma~,

`diamatma~ da sxva jandabebma...

zemoT naTqvami gza mwyemsuri, dramatuli

poeziaa, romelsac kvalSi

dauRalavi, uZleveli mdevari udgas...

mwyemsebi mkacri, sityvaZunwi da

pirdapiri xalxia. aravis scalia

reveransebisa da laqlaqisaTvis. Sarvals

Tu gaavseb, ar moeridebaT, zomierebis

farglebSi imas getyvian, rac

saWiroa...

koconTanac ki, vaxSmobisas, sadac

TiTqmis yvela adamians laparakis saRerReli

eSleba, iSviaTad momismenia

mwyemsuri ambebi da istoriebi, maTi

Tavgadasavlebi. raRacnairad yvela

Tavis fiqrSia Caxveuli. mTeli dRis

nasiarulebi, Senc zedmetad daRlili

xar da Tanac irgvliv aliT ganaTebuli

saxeebis garda, yvelaferi Savia _

kerZic, mTebic, mdinarec; da mTis

gazafxulia da yovel dRe wvims da

civa; da wvimac da sicivec Savia da

TviTonac Savi da pirvelyofili xar;

da roca varskvlavebs arqmev saxelebs,

geCveneba, rom Sen gamoigone da

Seqmeni mTebic, mdinarec, sicivec; xiluli

da uxilavi Rirebulebebi, _

yvelaferi, razec xeli migiwvdeba da

rasac goni gikarnaxebs, _ uCveulo

SegrZnebaa...

vTqvi, mwyemsebi mkacri, pirdapiri

xalxia-meTqi. asea, naRdi kacebi arian,

am sityvis pirdapiri gagebiT. da

Senganac, mTaSi `xamad~ myofi kacisgan

igives moiTxoven. amas, Tu tvinis namceci

mainc gagaCnia, TviTon mixvdebi.

Tu tviniT ver mixvdebi, sakuTari xelebi

maleve migaxvedreben. ityvi: _

RmerTo, maRalo! Cemi xelebi mwyemsis

xelebs daemsgavsa!.. Tumca, sxvanairad

arc SeiZleba iyos, aq samyaroc

mkacria, pirvelyofili da moulodneli,

_ yvela, yvelaferi saidumlos

malavs, adamianic, bunebac... yvelafris

ganmkurnavi ki mainc maTi iumoria

(romlis miRmac idumali samyaro

imaleba), _ uSualoa da uboroto...

literaturuli gazeTi

Canawerebi

7

erTxel Zalian viwro xeobaSi dagvaRamda.

cxvari davabinaveT, kocons

SemovusxediT da gawvimda kidec. oTxni

viyaviT: noSre _ Cveni jgufis brigadiri

(im epoqaSi ubrigadiroba ar

gamodioda. sxvaTaSoris, am `wodebas~

skeptikurad uyurebdnen mwyemsebic

da am wodebis matarebelic. ra vici,

me ase momeCvena.), gema, daTo da me. sxvebi,

_ arsena, gogola, mose da giorga

CamogvrCnen. (mTa, iseve, rogorc

quCa, moulodnelobebiTaa savse.) maT-

Tan erTad darCnen cxenebic da saer-

To bargiT datvirTuli virebic. Cven

msubuqad datvirTuli ori viri gvyavda.

erTs uzarmazari Tujis qvabi, cotaodeni

xemsi CvenTvis da aryis ganaxevrebuli

tikWora mohqonda, meores

_ ZaRlebisTvis gankuTvnili

qumeliT savse tomrebi.

Zveli kaltiT da mwyemsuri, qvaze

gamomcxvari Zveli puriT vivaxSmeT.

or-ori patara yanwi arayic gadavkariT,

_ wvimda da Zalian cioda.

arayi ras gagvaTbobda, gaToSilebi da

gawuwulebi viyaviT. Tanac gemam, _ es

wvima oxeria, dilamde ar gadaiRebso,

dagvamSvida. visxediT piriT cecxlisken

da orTqli agvdioda. mere

noSrem me da daTos viris Teqebi mogvawoda

dasawolad. Teqebi ofliani iyo

da viris sunad yarda. magram, Cemi

azriT, adamianis ofli bevrad ufro

`aromatulia~, vidre pirutyvisa.

Cvenc davweqiT, aba, ra gveqna, gind ase

dasvelebulxar da gind, _ ise... noSre

da gema cecxlTan darCnen, me ki

TvaldaxuWuli viweqi da Tavs vityuebdi

mZinavs-meTqi. xandaxan Tvals

gavaparebdi, _ Sevxedavdi, rogor

eweodnen sigarets da cecxlSi apur-

Wyebdnen. da raxan adamiani mainc

`ZaRlia~, etyoba, mainc CameZina.

_ e balRebi ar dagvicivdnen, kacoo!

_ gamaRviZa noSres xmam. masac

da gemasac buSlatebi gaexadaT da

cecxls umarjvebdnen, aTbobdnen,

rogorc Cans, buSlatis `sabnebs~

gvimzadebdnen. wamovfrindi, protestis

marSic davagugune, magram araferma

ar gaWra:

_ Sen mand gonT iyav, balRo! _

fraza pedagogis uryevi toniT iyo

naTqvami, wyali ar gauvidoda, _ Sen

Tav me Camabares!..

cxvari Zalian adre, dilis 4-5

saaTze gaiSleba xolme. me ki im diliT

muxlze gadamtvreuli joxiviT viyavi.

daTosac arauSavda, iseTi saxe hqonda,

advili safiqrelia, me rogori

meqneboda. daToc da mec SeuTanxmeblad

vmoqmedebdiT, Tumca qvecnobieri

suliskveTeba mainc erTnairi

gvqonda, _ qalaqeli, nebieri kacis

uzneo sijiute. amitomac, vidre cxvars

gavyvebodiT, jer safuZvliani

dasveneba gadavwyviteT.

_ dageweviT! _ Cvenc imediani da

damamSvidebeli sityvebiT davemSvidobeT

noSres da gemas. mwyemsebs maSin

aRaraferi uTqvamT, ar ecalaT Cven-

Tan dialogisTvis, _ miliardi cxvari

iyo misaxedi (noSre saerTod ver

iyo gunebaze, ori dRiT adre, lekebs

kvici miabara Sesanaxad. saCuqrad

erTi didi tomara qvamarilic wauRo.

egeni cxenis xorcsa Wamen da meSinia,

ar daklano, Tqva ukan mobrunebulma.

javrobda. kvici zvavze dacurda da

sabralo gamudmebiT TrToda, nebismier

Cqamze krTeboda). Tanac bneloda

da me ver wavikiTxe maTi TvalebiT

gamoTqmuli azrebi da mravalSriani

winadadebebi...

kargad davisveneT me da daTom da

gavuyeviT cxvar-mecxvaris uxsovari

droidan gaWril biliks. erTi gamyofi

unda gadagvevlo _ saduce _ da

mTaTuSeTsac CavexutebodiT. magram

`RmerTi icinoda~, _ saduceze kinaRam

gaviyineT. Tovda, or nabijSi

araferi Canda. Zalian vCqarobdiT,

Tovli cxvris nakvalevs dafaravda,

davikargebodiT da mxolod imedi, _

rom mere, odesme, Cvens mumiadqceul

sxeulebs vinme ipovida, mecniereba

Cvens asaks, epoqas, dros da sikvdilis

mizezs daadgenda, _ migverekeboda

win, mTaTuSeTisken...

jandabas xumroba, nakvalevs

vuyurebdiT da mivdiodiT. Zlieri

qari qroda da Tovda. gzaze davardnil

cxvrebs vxvdebodiT, zogi gayinuli

iyo, zogic _ cocxali, Tumca

ukve agoniaSi, _ ver miaRwies mzes da

ialaRs. yvelgan TovliT dafarul,

yinulmokidebul ormoebs vawydebodiT.

Rrma ara, magram sakmaod komfortuli

iyo, _ ormo xom imisTvis

arsebobs, rom masSi yinulovani okeane

mdebareobdes, _ fexebic dagisvelos

da Tan gasiamovnos kidec...

bolos, rogorc iqna, gamovaRwieT

`polarul wres~ da imwamsve mzemac

gamoanaTa da Rrublebic gadaiyara.

svelebi da gaToSilebi mzis gulze

CamovjeqiT, me danestianebuli Tambaqo

gavabole da mivxvdi, _ `cxovreba

ise grZeli ar ari~, rogorc

meCveneboda...

mzem mogvTenTa, daTos raRac idumali,

netari Rimili dasTamaSebda

bageze. Rimilis ar vici, magram darwmunebuli

var, rom mec Zalian sulelurad

gamoviyurebodi. ase visxediT

ori ganetarebuli arseba da mzes

veTayvanebodiT, vidre mose ar dagvadga

Tavs. jer vxedavdi Tqven navals,

mere daikarga, Tovlma dafara da SevSindi,

balRebs rame xo ar mouvidaT,

gamovreke cxenebio, am sityvebiT mogvesalma

da CamoqveiTda. didxans

visxediT samiveni, vdumdiT, veweodiT

da ase yofna gvsiamovnebda, raRac amaRelvebeli

yovelTvis aris mdumare

saubarSi...

`ee, tialo TuSeTo!~ _ Tqva uceb

mosem.

ar vici, am frazis warmoTqmisas

ras fiqroda es kaci, Tanac momeCvena,

rom ufro amoiZaxa an amoixavla, vidre

warmoTqva. me ki mis amoZaxilSi

siamaye davinaxe, mdinarec, mTebic da

nislebic, gavlili gzac da dakarguli

megobrebic; dedac, siyvarulic da

sevdac da samSobloc, warsulic da

momavalic, _ erT wamSi Caiqrola yvelaferma

da gaqra...

`omis dros avstriaSic viyavi... safrangeTSic,

italiaSic...~ _ ver

gaigebdi, mose Cven mogvmarTavda,

Tavis Tavs elaparakeboda, cxenebs Tu

mzes. jigridan gaWirvebiT, nawyvetnawyvet

amohqonda sityvebi. ~ra damr-

Ca iqidan... samxedro da samoqalaqo

saroskipoebi, biWebi sul iq davdiodiT,

eg iyo, meti araferi...

gaoxrebuli iyo qveyana... erTxel Cemi

tola biWi movkali, rom vTqva, ubralod-meTqi,

ar viqnebi marTali... maSin

ukve avstriaSi videqiT... daWrili

qali maxlda, qarTveli, dasaviT myavda,

kacoo... gavixede, viRac jariskaci

modis viris taWkiT, gamexarda, davuqnie

xeli, vifiqre, am gogos taWkiT

waviyvan-meTqi... iman kide, paSol na xui,

tvaiu mat, aboix ubiu, vaSu mato! vintovka

gadmoiRo da fexzec Seayena...

mogvklavda, kacoo... maSin ukve ganukiTxaoba

iyo... me avtomatic mqonda,

ufro yoCaRic viyavi da daWrili qalic

mimyavda medpunqtSi, davaswari, _

iRbali Cemken iyo... mainc ar unda momekla,

imis mere veRar visveneb... iq

avstrieli qalic myavda, rom davrCeniliyavi,

saxl-karic meqneboda da

simdidrec... ar gamiCerda guli da

davbrundi... exla mwyemsi var... ee, tialo

TuSeToo! ~_ isev amoiZaxa mosem...

mwyemsebs omaloSi davcildiT, Cveni

gza aq iyofoda. me da daTo Senaqo-

Si mivdiodiT, cxvar-mecxvare _ piriqiTSi,

gireviszeiTa binebSi. bolo

Rame mosem, gemam, daTom da me erTad

gavatareT. gemas naxevari saxe aRar

hqonda, _ Tqven rom dagcildiT,

klde CamoiSala da sipis natexi momxvdao,

_ agvixsna mSvidad. TviTon, _

viTomc araferi, me da daTo ki Tvals

ver vusworebdiT. duqanSi (romelsac

eqstravagantuli saxeli ~kosmosi~

erqva) viqeifeT da meduqne qosa iobamac

iqve gagvaTevina Rame...

nabadSi gaxveuli viweqi duqnis miwis

iatakze da ver viZinebdi. TiTqos

gadaveCvie Wers, kedlebs, binas. Tanac

vemSvidobebodi mwyemsur yofas, _

cxvar-mecxvares, nabadSi Zils da yvelafers,

rac vnaxe da ukve gulic mwydeboda,

_ vicodi, am gzas veRarasdros

gavivlidi...

_ xval, xvalzeiT piri ar daibanoT!

arc sasmeli dalioT! _ gvirCia

damSvidobebisas gemam..

_ ratom

_ iwvimebs! _ gemam cali TvaliT

axeda cas. _ aba, gonT iyaviT!..

`xval~ me da daTom pirvel rigSi

piri davibaneT. mere Senaqos gadaRma

`boslebisken~ daveSviT da gzaSi mxedrebs

gadaveyareT. saomari yiviliT

miagelvebdnen mernebs diklosken.

dagvinaxes, SeCerdnen da CamoqveiTdnen.

abo da iorami erqvaT mxedrebs,

jan-RoniT savse axalgazrda kacebi

iyvnen, mxiarulebi da warmoudgenlad

mTvralebi. an rogor ikavebdnen Tavs

cxenebze!.

_ gacnobisa unda davlioT,

Zmiswulo! _ abom rZis uzarmazari,

aluminis bidoni CamoiRo cxenidan

(visac rZis bidonis xufidan daulevia,

ueWelad dameTanxmeba, rom 250-300

grami Tavisuflad Cadis am `sasmisSi~).

arayi WaWisa iyo, ornaxadi da

RvarcofiviT damangreveli. daaxloebiT

aT wuTSi gacnobisac davlieT,

cxvar-mecxvarisac da mTa-baris

salocavebisac...

danarCeni albaT, naTelia, _

gawvimda da aTi dRe gadauReblad,

kokispirulad wvimda...

mfarveli angelozebi

TiTqmis yvela Cvengans hyavs

mfarveli angelozebi, _ deda, meuRle,

sxvebic...gansakuTrebuli yuradRebis

centrSi maSin xar, roca `cudad

iqcevi~. mec (raxan adamiani var)

xandaxan (Cemebis azriT, xSirad) cudad

viqcevi xolme. ra Tqma unda, Sens

qmedebas sareabilitacio `samuSaoebi~

mosdevs, anu saqmeSi mTeli ZaliT

erTvebian mfarvelebi... neba miboZeT,

detalurad ar aRvwero am `samuSaoebis~

mTeli simZime. es CemTvis zedmetad

mtkivneuli da damangrevelia. erTxel,

zustad aseT mdgomareobaSi, viweqi

Tavze wafarebuli plediT da _

Cemi megobris gamonaTqvams gavimeoreb,

_ `martivad vkvdebodi~. am dros

telefonma dareka, me mirekavdnen, magram

(ar maxsovs, vin aiRo yurmili,

dedam Tu rusikom) pasuxi mkacri da

kategoriuli iyo: _ gigis Zinavs, genacvale,

da Tanac ar scalia!..

me arc adgomis Tavi mqonda, arc

kamaTis da arc _ arafris. amitom,

`martivad viZie~ Suri:

ojaxSi axla sruli Stilia,

yvelas vuyvarvar,

mec yvela miyvars,

vicxovrebT ase SexmatkbilebiT,

vidre SemTxveva

kvlav ar gamriyavs...

mobi diki

Cveni saxli mtkvris piras idga. es

mdinare Cemi erT-erTi pirveli

`cocxali organizmia~, romelic kargad

maxsovs. miuxedavad amisa, Tbilisis

mtkvarSi mxolod erTxel da, isic

SemTxveviT, vibanave.

es Zveli misteriaa:

sezonis bolo TamaSi movigeT moskovis

`dinamosTan~ _ 3:1! Tu ar vcdebi,

brinjaos adgili davikaveT da

SedegiT kmayofili da madlieri

gulSematkivrebi `nadkuroiSi~ SevikribeT.

Cveni biWebis gundidan mxolod

me da nikuSa viyaviT wargzavnilebi.

danarCenebi ucnobebi iyvnen,

magram amas ar hqonda gadamwyveti

mniSvneloba, yvelani `sixarulis aRtacebiT

aRvsilni~, aRtyinebulebi da

bolomde gaxarebulebi viyaviT. Sinaganad

gvjeroda, _ gaisad `dubloni~

Cveni iqneboda!..


8 literaturuli gazeTi

Canawerebi 10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

eh, sadRaa, maSindeli qarTveli

kaci! warmoidgineT: _ `moskovskaia

osobaia~ _ yuTebiT, baris-piva _ kasrebiT,

sosisis, Sebolili Tevzis da

neknebis zvinebi da mTagrexilebi; `kosmosis~

da `kolxeTis~ cadavardnili

koconebi, sicili da Rrianceli, xvevna-kocna,

SeZaxilebi da gabzaruli

simRerebi; CaxCaxa sinaTle da gaTlili

da galiclicebuli CaisWiqebi,

madliani dedisgineba da gamtyvral

`matrosebs~ Soris CaWedebuli mimtani

gogoebi... eeh, dalocvilo maSindelobav!..

me da nikuSac ismailis msgavsad, am

ekipaJs vekuTvnodiT. Cveni sulebis

amoZaxilic Wers awydeboda, imsxvreoda

da mere, saerTo RriancelTan

Serwymuli, `nadkurois~ gmirul simfonias

qmnida.

mtkvari ki iqve, pirdapir da duqnis

qveSac miedineboda. misi xmac Cvensas

uerTdeboda, isic gaxarebuli da

kmayofili Canda, galaRebuli mReroda

da gvamxnevebda, _ gaisad oqro

naRdad Cvenia, amas wyali ar gauvao!..

periodulad, 3-4 kaciani jgufi

gareT gadioda, _ sufTa haeris Casaylapad

da `sulis mosaTqmelad~. ukan

axali energiiT damuxtulebi brundebodnen

_ ufro Tavisuflebi, amayebi

da xmamaRalni...

magram yvelanair, TviT uqalebo

bakqanaliasac gaaCnia sazRvari. darbazi

nel-nela dacarielda. Cvenc wasvla

gadavwyviteT, oRond aRar maxsovs,

gareT risTvis gavediT, _ dacarielebul

darbazSi SemoWrili sevdis

gamo Tu sufTa haeris Casaylapad. me

mainc mgonia, mdinare mogvenatra. aba,

miTxariT, ra Seedreba mSobliuri mdinaris

RamiT Tvalierebas: _ mzera

dabindulia, garemo _ sufTa, Sesabamisi,

mdinare _ kamkama, aromatuli da

qalaqi _ 1000 mzis elvarebiT anTebuli...

Tanac zamTrispiria, mdinares

qari moaqvs, riye svelia da Seni qur-

Tukic (ratomRac) megobris saCvenebeli

TiTis sakidze kidia...

im civi RamiT, mdinareSi banaoba

naRdad ar Sedioda Cven gegmebSi. magram

vibanaveT, movaxerxeT da es aris

mTavari. wyalSi rogor `SevediT~, sul

sxva Temaa, uinteresoa da ar dagRliT

amis gaxsenebiT... Tumca, ratomac ara...

me da nikuSa mdinareSi Casxmul betonze

videqiT. nikam curva ar icoda

da Cven swored curvis stilebs

varCevdiT, _ nebismier TeoriaSi magari

iyo Cemi megobari. eg ki ara, roca

moulodnelad da Zalian ostaturad

gadaeSva TaviT mdinareSi, aRtacebisgan

Sevyvire kidec. nikuSa erT wamSi

gaitaca da dakarga dinebam. me ise ostaturad

ar gamomivida, _ fexi

gamisxlta da gverdulad Cavenarcxe

noembris yinulovan wyalSi. instiqturad

movtrialdi da napirisken gamovcure,

kidev kargi, or metrSi iyo.

RvTis nebiT, kargad vcurav, advilad

gavumklavdi dinebas. Tanac wyali restornis

SuqiT iyo ganaTebuli, _ yvelaferi

Canda. gamocurviT ki gamovcure,

magram zeviT veRar amovedi,

_ im oxer betons slikina laminaria

mosdeboda, agreTve zRvis kombosto,

mtkvris aqtinia da wyalqveSa florisa

da faunis CemTvis ucnobi warmomadgenlebic...

napirTan vfarTxalebdi

yinulovan wyalSi da mis binadarT

vebrZodi. pirSi mtkvris mSobliur,

Seudarebel da ganumeorebel gemos

vgrZnobdi da, merwmuneT, mxolod

brazi mamoZravebda da maxrCobda, sxva

araferi...

mere viRac mouaxlovda napirs da

xeli gamomiwoda.

_ qveviT TavTxelia, Zmao... ufals

vyvarebivar, gadamarCina...

_ nikuS, Sena xar, biWo!. me ukve

kaspiis zRvaSi megone...

bolos erTiani ZalisxmeviT,

rogorc iqna, amovfarTxaldi, ufro

sworad, amovsrialdi napirze. mere

suli moviTqvi da mdinares giorgi

erisTavis cnobili poeturi fraziT

mivmarTe: -_ mtkvaro, mdinarev Cemis

mamulis!..

maSin manqanas vin gagviCerebda,

`fufunebis sagani~ gaxldaT. Tanac

gadarCenili da sveli (Tundac `brinjaosmflobeli~)

matrosebis bedi vis

aaRelvebda. fexiT davadeqiT sabur-

Talosken mimaval yinulovan gzas da,

rogorc Semdeg gamoirkva, oriveni

aleqsandre yazbegis sityvebze

vfiqrobdiT: _ rom, kaci tanjvisTvis

aris gaCenili...

me kidev ra miWirda, `iqve~,

gepeisTan vcxovrobdi, nikuSa _ nucubiZis

quCis bolo gaCerebasTan... im

RamiT ase davcildiT erTmaneTs.

diliT dedaCemis siyvaruliT gamTbarma

sityvebma gamaRviZa, _ erTi nasvami

movida, meore damxrCvalio, _

daqals telefoniT acnobda saqmis vi-

Tarebas...

mZimed, gaWirvebiT gavaxile Tvali.

Cemi logini mtkvrispira riyed

qceuliyo: _ lami, kenWebi, pawawina

kiborCxalebi, lokokinebi... saxeze

zRvis kombostos niRabi medo, bali-

Sis qveS loqos eZina, marcxena iRlia-

Si cimori qviriTobda, fexis TiTebTan

xramulis lifsitebi danavardobdnen...

ase mivxvdi, rom damxrCvali

swored me viyavi...

ravaxar

es kaci TiTqmis yovel dRe mxvdeboda

da didi xnis unaxaviviT mekiTxeboda:

_ rava xar, biWo, sad deikarge!.

gamitraka saqme.

erTxel otia paWkoriasTan viyavi

`ciskarSi~, iqac Semovida da isev: _

rava xar... da a. S.

_ aba, ra giTxra, Cemo ravaxar,

qalaqi Zalian didia-meTqi... _ rac

SeiZleba mSvidad vupasuxe.

ravaxarma cota xans miyura, mere

otias miubrunda, _ xedav, ra kargad

mipasuxao...

me ar vici, kargad vupasuxe Tu cudad,

yvelanairad vcdilobdi, otias

Cemi gaRizianeba ar SeemCnia.

_ kargi, biWo, ra dagemarTa, _

miTxra misi wasvlis Semdeg otiam, _

ver xedav, isev maxaraZeSi gonia Tavi...

buebi da qimerebi

bavSvobaSi TiTqmis yvelas hyavs sakuTari

qimera, monstri Tu urCxuli.

romlisac eSinia, mis `danaxvaze~ krTeba

da feTdeba da TiTqmis jera kidec,

rom is naRdia, realuria; aqvea, kars

miRma xelis erT gawvdenazea. vfiqrob,

swored amitomac ver eSveba da yovel

Rame mouTmenlad elodeba mis gamoCenas.

vici es me, odesRac gamovcade.

amas axla CemTvis adrenalinis abstinencia

hqvia...

me gvian gavicani (maTive monayolidan)

Cemi megobrebis daberebuli

qimerebi: nair-nairi bua Tu traqtoriZia,

gudiani kaci raJdena Tu dedaberi

almasa (me Tu mkiTxav, ufrosebs

udidesi Rvawli miuZRviT am urCxulebis

Seqmna-ganviTareba-CamoyalibebaSi).

am etiudSi msgavsi sizmrebi da

qimerebi minda gavixseno...

mec myavda qimera, oRond Cemi

Zalian efemeruli, myife da msxvrevadi

iyo (es sulac ar niSnavda, rom kargad

aRzrdili da keTilSobili gaxldaT)

da saxelic ar erqva. ar Wirdeboda.

is RamiT momeaxleboda xolme,

xan magidis kideze ijda, xanac oTaxis

kuTxidan miTvalTvalebda. SeeZlo

erTdroulad ramdenime adgilas Casafrebuliyo

an romelime sagnis forma

mieRo, _ fantaziis niWi momadlebuli

hqonda. magram yvelaze Zalian Cemi

sawolis qveS uyvarda wola. zustad

Cem pozaSi iwva da melodeboda, rodis

gavinZreodi. usasrulo lodini SeeZlo,

sikvdilamde, bolomde da bolos

iqiTac. me ganZreva ar SemeZlo, mekrZaleboda,

gatrunuli da sabanSi gaxveuli

unda vwoliliyavi (mxolod saxe

miCanda. saxeze Sexeba ki qimeras ekrZaleboda),

radgan es oxeri qimera Cems

nebismier moZraobaze imsxvreoda. amas

ki didi ubedureba mosdevda. aseTi iyo

saerTo wesi da mec meSinoda am wesis

darRvevis.

Zalian didxans ar mtovebda da

mawvalebda es xilva. iqamde, vidre am

xilvis msgavsi, TiTqmis zusti aRwera

(oRond aTasjer ukeT moTxrobili) ar

Semxvda ediSer yifianTan (ra dasamalia,

gamexarda, marto ar vyofilvar

qimerasTan brZolaSi). ukve mozrdili

viyavi da vicodi, rom qimerebis dro

wavida. Tu RamiT mainc momeaxleboda,

svedaSretili da uRono modioda,

TviTonac aRar sjeroda sakuTari

Tavisa, _ advili iyo masTan gamklaveba...

magram mainc ar msiamovnebda misi

mosvla, urTierToba, saubari...

axla kargad vici, pirvelad rodis

gamoCnda da rogor daimkvidra Cem

cxovrebaSi adgili. axla misi saxelic

vici, _ SiSi erqva...

maSin CuRureTSi, mtkvarze gadakidebul

xis Zvelebur saxlSi vcxovrobdiT.

mTeli saxli gliciniis

ulamazes `mavTulxlarTebSi~ iyo gaxveuli.

Cven fligels Jamisgan ganacrisfrebuli

xis rikulebiani, aucilebeli

aivanic ertya. muxranis da

voroncovis xidebs Soris moqceuli

gemi-saxli mTawmindas uyurebda. aq

`ubralo~ (martivs ar vgulisxmob),

xalxi cxovrobda. ezo Tbilisuri iyo,

saerTo, internacionaluri, Wiric da

lxinic erTi hqondaT. eh, didi beladis

sikvdiliT gamowveuli eldac jer

isev alisfer, erTian iarad aCnda maT

sulebs...

Cemi pirveli samyaroc eg iyo, _

sanapiro, metexi, xidebi, mTawminda...

Cven win sanapiroze asfalts agebdnen.

TiTqmis yovelTviuri paradis mere,

jari da sabrZolo teqnika sanapiro-

Ti ubrundeboda mSobliur keras, _

sanaxaoba Zalian STambeWdavi iyo. ise

ra dReebSi, TiTo-orola manqanac Caizuilebda,

daTvla SeiZleboda, gasar-

Tobi da sulieri sazrdo naRdad ar

maklda. Tanac voroncovis moedanze

rusulenovan sabavSvo baRSi davdiodi.

jgufSi mxolod me da Cemi ebraeli

Zmakaci daTo viyaviT qarTvelebi, _

rusi, somexi da qurTi bavSvebiT iyo

gaZeZgili iqauroba. `Áåæèò ñîëäàò, áåæèò

ìàòðîñ...~ _ meti araferi maxsovs iq

naswavli cnobili leqsidan...

im dros Cemi `matarebeli~ papaCemi

iyo. nawvalebi, mkacri da daRlili da,

rogorc maSin meCveneboda, ucnauri

kaci. ucnauri imitom, rom erTi cicqna

Rlaps lamis mTeli Tbilisi fexiT

Semomatara: feTxaini da nariyala,

sioni, meidani da sinagoga, botanikuri...

ra vici, TiTqmis yvelaferi

manaxa... stalinis `grandiozuli~ Zeglis

demontaJsac damaswro da Zveli

qarvaslis dangrevasac. `kargad daimaxsovre!~

_ metyoda xolme. erTxel

qaSveTSi mRvdelmTavris dakrZalvazec

ki wamiyvana. ra Tqma unda, nanaxi

didad ar mainteresebda, balRi

viyavi da sxva vnebebi mqonda. Tumca

qvecnobierad arc vaprotestebdi, _

bavSvi gasarTobs nebismier saganSi

poulobs. mec `mTeli ZaliT~ verTobodi,

_ ase megona... magram gaseirneba,

dRis `programaSi~ Sedioda. me ki

ufro papaCemis Ramis saubrebi miyvarda.

es ar iyo iavnanuri anda Zilispiruli

zRaprebi. Cven ojaxSi sagnebs,

movlenebs, adamianur Rirebulebebs

(bavSvebisTvisac ki) Tavisi saxeli erqva,

mTvares _ mTvare, kaxpas _ kaxpa

da kacsac _ kaci...

papa aivanze, muxlze damisvamda

xolme da mesaubreboda. magari mTxrobeli

iyo da Cem bavSvur, yovlad warmoudgenel

SekiTxvebsac Zalian seriozulad

pasuxobda. genialuri saRamoebi

gvaqvs gatarebuli: Cven win mtkvari

miedineboda, pirdapir mTawminda

idga, caze varskvlavebi moZraobdnen,

sadRac mTebSi yinuli dneboda da

ucnobi mdinare iRebda saTaves; vulkanebidan

lava ifrqveoda da pompei

iRupeboda, veSapi isev eloda ionas da

camcums Zveli vali isevhqonda gasastumrebeli...

xandaxan mTawmindaze veeberTela,

JRali da sruli mTvare zustad

anZasa da restornis SuaSi dajdeboda

da am saubrebs ufro idumals

xdida. ar vici, me gavizarde Tu mTvare

dapataravda, im saRamoebis mere ase-

Ti didi da metyveli mTvare TbilisSi

aRarasdros minaxavs...

maSin gavige, rom samyaro usasruloa,

rom dedamiwa mrgvalia da mTvare

uhaero, rom arsebobs talRa cunami,

rom iyvnen Zmebi _ abeli da kaeni, rom

arsebobs qali da kaci da siyvaruli,

rom RmerTi arsebobs, `oRond ar Cans~,

da rom adamiani sakuTari sulis kapitania...

me vismendi ambebs da meSinoda da

ratomRac ugonod mecodeboda papac

da sakuTari Tavic. vici, risic meSinoda,

_ samyaros idumali sidiadis,

misi amoucnobi saidumlosi da yvelafris,

rasac da visac suli gaaCnia.

swored maSin mivaqcie yuradReba samyaros

burusiT dafarul saSos, umar-

Tav da bnel kuTxeebs, saidanac adamianis

fantazia, warmosaxva da aTasi sxva

jandaba gamodis. sakuTari Tavi pawawina

lifsitad warmomedgina da

mecodeboda, vxvdebodi, _ `roca didi

gavizrdebodi~, mainc araferi Seicvleboda...

adamianebs Soris erT-erTi `aralifsita~

papaCemi iyo, Cemi maSindeli

sulieri xetialebis mTavari gmiri.

ukve vicodi, _ amqveynidan wasvla

eloda da amitomac mecodeboda. magram

misi sikvdiliT dadgmul tragediaSi,

mec vmonawileobdi, anu marto

vrCebodi. es ki tragedias aTmagad

amZafrebda da gulis tkivilTan er-

Tad, sinanulis grZnobasac miCenda da

mangrevda...

yvelaze Zalian, uxsovar dros Camovardnili,

uzarmazari meteoritis

ambavi maRelvebda. rogor Caeca gavarvarebuli,

kosmosuri sxeuli taigaSi,

gaCnda cecxli, gadaiwva tye, daSra

mdinareebi da gadaSendnen mamontebi

da dinozavrebi... rac yvelaze mTavaria,

iyo didi miwisZvra da gaibzara

mTawmindis qedic...

im meteorits Semohyva Cemi qimerac.

imdenjer damesizmra meteoritis

vardna, imdenjer daeca `Cemi~ meteoriti

dedamiwas, rom mis gareSe Zili

warmoudgeneli meCveneboda. bolos,

yovlad utifrad da usindisod,

pirdapir mTawmindis qedze ecemoda,

etyoba, eSora taigis gauvali tyeebi...

qimerasac meti ra undoda, fer-xorcic

Seisxa, `ganuyrelis~ statusic

daimkvidra da naTesaviviT Camisaxlda

kidec binaSi...

didi xnis mere anu am zafxuls, sxva

mniSvnelovan ambebTan erTad meteoritis

ambavic movuyevi Cem SviliSvils.

Cvenc aivanze visxediT, saidanac ezo

da mTawmindis qedis kudi moCans. aq

gviyvars xolme Camojdoma da saubari.

rogorc Cans, ambavi zedmetad STambe-

Wdavi aRmoCnda misTvis. amas winaT ase

miTxra, ici, gigi, yovel Rame erTi da

igive sizmari mesizmreba, viTom, meteoriti

vardeba da mTaze ecema... romel

mTaze-meTqi, SevekiTxe. ai, imaze, _

xeli mTawmindis qedisken gaiSvira, _

vardeba da feTqdeba...

merwmuneT, Cemi bavSvobisdroindeli

sizmari, misTvis naRdad ar momiyolia.


10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

dalila bedianiZe

dasasruli

ciklidan `leqsebi maqsze~

rogorc gakveTilze dagvianebuli moswavle,

rogorc TviTmfrinavze dagvianebuli mgzavri,

me vdgavar karTan

da mamZimebs sinanuli –

rad ver movaswari, rad ver mivuswari,

iqneb gadamerCina Cemi da Seni siyvaruli, maqs,

iqneb ar iyo gvian

da Sen – ucxoeli – moSinaurebul vefxvs hgavdi,

romelsac galia aRar Wirdeboda,

imdenad emorCileboda siyvaruls da megobrobas.

samagierod, me gavvelurdi.

gaiRviZes CemSi tyeebma,

gaiRviZes CemSi zRvebma,

gaiRviZa CemSi cam

da xmeli dReebi ise gamovamtvrie,

kedeli ar SerCenia Cems galias.

Cven rom wesrigis galiebSi vsxedvarT

da yoveldRe aTasi akrZalva gvispobs sunTqvas

da roca galias gamovamtvrevT, ukve gviania.

rogorc gakveTilze dagvianebuli moswavle,

Sens gverdiT aRar daviSvebi

literaturuli gazeTi

da Sen ki ar ici, rom davagviane da mainc meli, maqs!

davelodoT Semdeg gakveTils!

Tumca jer adrea da skolis derefans vawydebi,

rogorc galiis kedlebs.

* * *

o, imediviT gvalvaSi wvimda...

jer ar Sexsnia cas oTxi kibe.

wvimis grZel fexze Cans Rrublis winda,

kabaze mTvare mouCans jibed.

xan momTabare, xan – saxleuli

wvima moJonavs Cems damfrTxal sulSic.

me davasvele cremliT rveuli

da cremliT vwerdi, ca iyo quSi.

da furclebiviT vfantavdi Rrublebs,

sadac ewera momavlis gegma

da ver mitevda cis Tbili ube,

moulodnelad damatyda delgma.

me vkiTxulobdi mzis nawers caze,

elavda asi oqros kalami.

mec Cemi vwere, mec Cemi vxaze,

vanTe leqsebi, rogorc walami.

o, imediviT gvalvaSi wvimda,

oRond is wvima ar masvelebda.

iseTi wvima movides minda,

rom mze wavides dasasveneblad.

giambobT, qalebo

poezia 9

giambobT, rogor Semiyvarda – qalebo da!

jer Tvalebi davinaxe – qalebo da!

davuxvedre Cemi Tvalebi – qalebo da!

rogorc setyvas – qva – qalebo da!

mere Rimili davinaxe – qalebo da!

hgavda xmlis sicils – qalebo da!

xmliT daWriliviT Tavbru damesxa – qalebo da!

Sevtortmandi, rogorc xe – qariSxalSi

– qalebo da!

misma laparakma wamiRo – qalebo da!

rogorc niaRvarma nafoti wvimaSi – qalebo da!

lamazi iyo xativiT – qalebo da!

keTili iyo RmerTiviT - da!

mZivi maCuqa da ra mZivi – qalebo da!

giSris gulebi iyo asxmuli – qalebo da!

oci guli davTvale – qalebo da!

ocdameerTe Cemi guliao – miTxra, – qalebo da!

sul Tan atareo, miTxra – qalebo da!

sul SenTan viqnebio, miTxra – qalebo da!

saxeli ar uTqvams Tavisi – qalebo da!

samyofeli ar uTqvams Tavisi – qalebo da!

guli mogiyvanso CemTan, miTxra – qalebo da!

mivdivar, saiTac guli mimiwevs – qalebo da!

giambeT, rogor Semiyvarda – qalebo da!

Tu veRar gnaxeT, icodeT es ambavi – qalebo da!

momigonebdeT daubruneblad wasuls – qalebo da!

geno kalandia * * *

dasasruli

* * *

ara, o, ara! sul aRar mikvirs,

aseTi ritmi axali yofis,

rogorc aprilSi dasaklav Tikans,

me erTi bRuja balaxic myofnis.

mzeze viqnebi Tu buxris axlos,

mec vudarajeb am cas da mindors,

rom sikvdilamde kargic da glaxac, -

sul kurtaniviT vzido da vzido.

doqiT, xeladiT davidgam Rvinos

da vadRegrZeleb Zvirfasi jamiT

miwas, romelic Zvelia ise,

rogorc saxeli dRisa da Ramis.

Tqven rom eulad ar igrZnoT Tavi,

aq kazanovas aRvmarToT Zegli,

movlen Zvirfasi stumrebi RamiT

zeTisxilis da qoqosis TesliT.

iqve funduki gavmarToT erTi,

davsxdeT, vigemoT siame soflis,

rom ar ganrisxdes maRali RmerTi

viaroT palmis da leRvis foTliT.

SadrevnebiviT agvitans vneba

da daisebis meored mosvla,

ra saWiroa es aTi mcneba,

an SarSandeli agvistos xsovna.

Tqven rom eulad ar igrZnoT Tavi,

rom eSxi hqondes Rames da Tbiliss,

wavlen lamazi qalebi RamiT,

movlen axali qalebi diliT.

mZevlad daujdes korinTosi bune korinTels,

mTeli sicocxle, mTeli weli, Tundac ori Tve.

aq movabrZaneb, aqve davsji samagaliTod,

odesRac CemTvis, - pirvel ganZs, mzes,

samargalitos.

vficav mamaCems, - heliosis saxels RvTaebrivs,

sadac davRamdi Savi bindiT, iqve gavTendi;

Tavebs vaWridi, rogorc cicrebs, - skviTebs,

sarmatebs,

puri davTese, tye avCexe, cixe avage.

arc iazoni iyo CemTvis didad saSiSi,

magram davmarcxdi mterTan omSi gulTa kavSiriT.

mSvildi vesrole ucxo xomalds pontos karebTan

da Cemi cremlic gavayole ukanasknelad.

zRva ise lurji, ise wynari, ise mSvidia,

TiTqo midian im mxareSi da arc midian.

wminda petres gragnili

aha, ayivlda mamali gareT

da ganTiadis gvaCuqa kocna...

taZris stoasTan atirda uceb

da grZneuliviT daiwyo locva.

adga... Seixsna saxelo kabis

da sacodavad mieyrdno kedels...

ra xmiT, ra SvebiT uaryo rabi

mamlis mesame yivilis Semdeg!

TviTonac veRar gaigo albaT,

ase viT gasca namusis Rala,

an vin mixvdeba iudas ambavs, -

mis kocnas da mis guSindel Ralats.

gareT dilidan gugunebs xalxi,

taZris winamZRvars moiTxovs swrafad,

viRaca Cumad yidulobs maxvils,

viRaca muqTad poulobs saxsars...

* * *

I

me vekiTxebi sakuTar warsuls,

Tu dagrCa kidev saTqmeli rame!

rogorc sarTuli Sordeba sarTuls,

ise vSordebi SarSandel Rames.

me ukve Tqveni mosmenac mimZims,

TiTqo karebTan ecema lodi,

colis TmasaviT anaTebs ZilSi

Zveli metexis Wori da SfoTi.

II

SenTvis es erTi karavic kmara,

rogorc irmisTvis mTeli sairme,

nu ganikiTxav qveynad nuravis,

arc ufals sTxovo ukve raime.

Tavisi nebiT mova sikvdili

da verc verafers Secvli, icode,

dae, feTqavdes atmis kvirtiviT

Seni da Cemi erTad sicocxle.

ukan movbrundi Cemi jariT, Cemi mcvelebiT,

Riad, sajarod garozgili mamis cremlebiT.

gaSale taxti, momawode kverTxi, idia,

CemTvis es Rame wuxandeli Ramis xidia.

oi, idia, mSveniero, Cemo idia!

* * *

Sen rom poetis icode fasi,

o, arasodes ar ityvi ase,

aiRe, Sesvi is bolo Tasi

RviniT da Cemi cremlebiT savse.

maSin gaigeb, mixvdebi, roca

xelSi aiReb Toksa da danas,

me bevrjer vcade, - asec da isec,

magram jer kidev cocxali daval.

is ki aseTi dinji da mSvidi

ezodan gahyavT pilates mcvelebs,

midis da midis herodes xidiT

sasjelis ucxo, udabur velze.

ukve adgilic mzadaa misTvis,

oRond rogorme aRmarTon jvari

da, xorcis kvdoma... da, Rvari sisxlis

naxos kvariviT wiTeli TvaliT.

....

petre, ki, petre, - sawyali petre, -

ivlis da ivlis saxeliT uflis,

moivlis sinas, nazareTs, beTlems,

rom mere Cumad dalios suli.

aietis mcire gragnili idiasadmi

kolxeTis mzeo, - amosuli qveynis aRsavliT,

didebuli xar, - sxivmaRali xoxbis frTasaviT.

Svili - Svilia, magram roca moRalatea,

unda dasajo, rogorc romi, Tebe, qaldea.

qari - qaria, wylebi mudam zRvisken midian,

hoi, Sen, - TeTro abreSumo, Cemo idia!

vbrZane, daxocon yvela xari qedgaxexili,

akafon vardi, Talgamura, vazi, xexili.

udabnod iqces misi baRis mwvane kunZuli,

aqamde savse iadonis, Citis JRurtuliT.


10 literaturuli gazeTi

Tvalsazrisi 10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

iaponuri klasikuri poezia simRerebidan

mosuli poeziaa: jer erTi,

imitom, rom is marTlac ritualuri

xalxuri simRerebidan warmoiqmna, meorec,

imitom, rom amomavali mzis

qveyanaSi leqsis fonetikuri JReradoba

msmenels ufro gulisxmobs, vidre

mkiTxvels _ is wamRerebiT warmoiTqmis

da mesame _ iaponuri poeziis

sxvadasxva Janris saxelwodeba Seicavs

sityva "simReras". argumentebis

moZebna kidev SeiZleba. SeiZleba

paralelebis gavleba sxva qveynebis

poeziasTanac, magram es winamdebare

werilis mizans ar warmoadgens.

iaponiis istoria epoqebad iyofa,

iaponuri klasikuri poezia ki _ Janrebad,

romelTagan TiToeuli

garkveul epoqaSi Camoyalibda da ganviTarebis

met-naklebad grZeli gza

ganvlo. Zveli iaponuri poeziis sami

didi, erTmaneTidan amozrdili gan-

Stoeba: vaka, renga da haikai qronologiuradac

amave TanmimdevrobiT

lagdeba.

"ukvdavi yvavilebis" winasityvaobaSi

murman lebaniZe marTebulad

aRniSnavs, rom iaponur poeziaze

laparakisas qarTvel mkiTxvels, upirveles

yovlisa, tanka da haiku axsendeba.

es ki ara, xSirad yvela uriTmo

mokle leqss tankas uwodeben. amitom

arc mTlad uadgilo mgonia, Tu

iaponuri poeziis istorias mokled

mimovixilavT. tanka marTlac "mokle

simReras" niSnavs da iaponuri

poeziis uZvelesi Janria, rasac ver

vityviT TviT terminze. termini "tanka",

iseve rogorc "haiku", me-19 saukunis

bolos damkvidrda. manamde ki

laparakobdnen zemoxsenebul vakasa

da haikais poeziaze: pirveli maTgani

moicavs tankas, meore _ haikus.

iyo dro, roca iaponelebi mxolod

Cinurad werdnen, maT Soris, leqsebsac.

pirveli iaponuri poeturi anTologia

(manesu) e. w. naras epoqis (V-

VIII ss.) bolos, VIII saukunis meore naxevarSi

Seiqmna. amave saukunis dasawyiss

miekuTvneba uZvelesi iaponuri werilobiTi

wyaroebic, romlebSic gafantuli

iyo poeziis sxvadasxva nimuSi.

swored es nimuSebi, sxva zepirsityvier

nimuSebTan erTad, Tavmoyrili iqna

manesuSi. am anTologiis yvelaze Zveli

leqsi IV saukunes miekuTvneba. amgvarad,

pirveli iaponuri anTologia

asaxavs 4-5 saukunovan gzas xalxuri

simReridan saavtoro poeziamde da

zepirsityvierebidan _ damwerlobamde.

swored manesuSi gaCnda termini

vaka, romelsac ramdenime mniSvneloba

aqvs. CvenTvis sainteresoa vaka,

rogorc "iamatos 1 simRera", anu iaponuri

simRera. am cnebaSi erTiandeboda

sakuTriv iaponuri (ara Cinurenovani!)

poeziis im dros cnobili yvela

Janri ( romlebzedac Tanamedrove

terminologiiT vilaparakebT): teka

("grZeli simRera"), romelic ramdenime

5- da 7-striqoniani strofisagan

Sedgeba; zemoxsenebuli tanka, romelic

Seicavs erT xuTstriqonian strofs

marcvalTa TanafardobiT: 5,7,5,7,7,

anu sul 31 marcvals; sedoka _ 6-

striqoniani strofi marcvalTa TanafardobiT:

5,7,7,5,7,7. am ukanasknel

leqss sxvanairad "meniCbeTa simRera"

ewodeba da faqtobrivad warmoadgens

tankas, romelSic bolo striqoni meordeba.

manesuSi ricxobrivad dominirebs

tanka, romelmac droTa ganmavloba-

Si gandevna poeziis yvela sxva Janri

da iaponuri leqsis gabatonebul formad

iqca. momdevno anTologiebSi tanka

leqsis TiTqmis erTaderTi formaa.

masSi gamovlinda iaponelTa miswrafeba

lakonurobisadmi. tanka uriTmoa

da es niSani saerTodac axasiaTebs

iaponur poezias.

iaponur poezias, maT Soris, tankas

axasiaTebs agreTve strofSi striqonebis

kenti ricxvi, anu strofi ar

iyofa or Tanabar nawilad. samagierod,

tanka azrobrivad iyofa or

nawilad _ zeda da qveda strofad/

leqsad. am strofebis zoma droTa ganmavlobaSi

icvleboda: X saukunemde

azrobrivi pauza modioda meore an

meoTxe striqonis bolos, Semdeg _

mesame striqonis bolos. amavdroulad,

tankas pirveli da meore leqsi

TandaTanobiT erTmaneTs scildeboda

gramatikulad. es kargad Cans murlela

metreveli

simRerebidan mosuli poezia

man lebaniZis ori Targmanis magaliTze:

mTebze wiTel-yviTeli

nekerCxlebi anTia,

daburulan totebSi

bilikebi tyis...

sad xar, geZeb amaod!

sad, sad daexetebi! _

Semodgomis tyeebSi

gzis gagneba Wirs

(kakinomoto xitomaro).

me-7 saukunis iaponeli poetis am

tankaSi azrobrivi pauza modis meore

striqonis bolos. pirvel leqsSi gadmocemulia

bunebis suraTi, meoreSi ki

_ avtoris grZnoba. ki-no curaiukis

(868-945) tankas TargmanSi ki azrobrivi

pauza mesame striqonis bolosaa:

zafxulis RamiT is-is iyo

daRlili mivweq

dasaZineblad _ gaRma tyidan

momesma "gugu"

da ucbad Rame dRed icvala

gugulis xmaze...

wareRo guguls, waretaca guli

da cnoba,

damTenebiyo kidevac Tavze.

cxadia, TargmanebSi es dayofa yovelTvis

zustad ar aisaxeba. rogorc

vxedavT, TargmanebSi daculi araa

agreTve tankaSi marcvalTa raodenoba.

sxvadasxva mTargmneli erTxmad

aRniSnavs, rom, gamomdinare iaponuri

enis mkveTri gansxvavebulobidan, amis

gakeTeba SeuZlebelia.

saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi icvleboda

tankas daniSnulebac. Tavdapirvelad

is iyo adamianis gzavnili bunebisadmi,

RmerTebisadmi. saerTodac,

mTeli iaponuri kultura emyareba

adamianisa da bunebis erTianobis princips.

RmerTebic iqve, adamianebis gverdiT

cxovroben da sakmaod gaSinaurebulebi

arian maTTan. amitom iaponeli

poeti darwmunebulia, rom RmerTi

Tu buneba mis gzavnils Seismens. naTqvamis

sailustraciod SeiZleba ucnobi

iaponeli avtoris tanka moviyvanoT

manesudan:

TeTri qsovilis

saxeloze Tavmidebuli,

vxedav, kuragas meTevzeni

rogor toveben...

win ar aRudgeT Sin momavalT,

gvedrebT, talRebo! 2

am tankas pirvel leqsSi (pirvel

sam striqonSi) gadmocemulia avtoris

mier danaxuli Tu warmosaxuli

suraTi, meoreSi ki _ vedreba tal-

Rebisadmi, rac iaponelisaTvis sulac

ar aris mxolod lamazi saxe: is darwmunebulia,

rom buneba mousmens.

manesuSive gamoikveTa tankas Txzvis

zogierTi poeturi xerxi:

_ garkveul sityvebTan Sewyvilebulia

mudmivi epiTetebi, romlebic

erTad mza, 5- an 7- marcvlian striqons

qmnian. magaliTad: maradiulia ca, mTvare,

wvima; TuTasaviT Savi _ Rame, wyvdiadi

da a.S.:

roca vrceldeba Rame

xarTuTasaviT Savi,

iq, sad meCeCze, zRvaSi,

dganan xisakis xeni,

Citi todori kvnesis

(iamabe akaxito, me-8 s.,

Targmani murman lebaniZisa).

gamoTqma "TuTasaviT Savi Rame" da

a.S. SeiZleba mraval tankaSi meordebodes.

_ tankaSi gamoiyeneba e.w. "Sesavali

sityvebi", romlebic myarad gansazRvruli

araa da ZiriTad saTqmels

alamazebs, amasTan, leqss avsebs ritmulad.

magaliTad:

rogorc gareul batebis gundi,

mieqaneba Rrublebs zemoT

caSi da hyivis,

Sen Sors iyavi...

oi, ramdeni vexete qveynad,

movidodi Senamde vidre!

(otomo iakomoti, me-8 s.,

Targmani murman lebaniZisa).

citirebul tankaSi "Sesavali sityvebis"

rolSia pirveli ori striqoni,

avtoris ZiriTad saTqmels ki bolo

sami striqoni gamoxatavs.

_ arsebobs "simReris saTauri",

rac gulisxmobs garkveul geografiul

saxelTan da a.S. tradiciulad

"mimagrebul" asociacias. magaliTad,

tankaSi iosinos mTebis xseneba ayvavebul

alublebs niSnavs, tacutas mTebisa

_ Semodgomis wiTel-yviTel ferebs.

_ xSirad tanka Seicavs e.w. makav-

Sirebel sityvas, romelic leqsis

ritmul da azrobriv centradac gvevlineba.

es xerxi omonimebzea agebuli

da TargmanebSi Znelad aisaxeba.

_ omonimebzea damyarebuli agre-

Tve asociaciurad dakavSirebuli sityvebis

erTdrouli moxsenieba tanka-

Si. magaliTad, xe_foToli_Camocvena,

Tumca TiToeul maTgans tanka-

Si SeiZleba sul sxva mniSvneloba hqondes

da ara _ miTiTebuli.

unda iTqvas, rom omonimuri sityvebis

arseboba tankaSi xSirad iwvevs

urTierTgansxvavebuli Targmanebis

arsebobas. amas xom ar unda mivaweroT

kakinomoto xitomaros qvemoT moyvanili

erTi da imave tankas ori gansxvavebuli

wakiTxva es iaponuri enis

mcodneebs unda vkiTxoT...

1) o, ra grZelia qarvisferi

xoxobis kudi _

lerwmis totiviT idrikeba

maRla frenisas,

magram, garinduls miusafar

martoobaSi,

me makrTobs fiqri:

maszed grZeli da usasrulo

aris es Rame

(irma ratianis Targmani).

1)  ãëóõèõ äàë¸êèõ ãîðàõ

Ôàçàí äëèííîõâîñòûé äðåìëåò.

Äîëîã õâîñò ó ôàçàíà.

Ýòó äîëãóþ-äîëãóþ íî÷ü

Óæåëè ìíå ñïàòü îäíîìó

(viqtor sanoviCis Targmani).

2) Ãîðíîé êðåñòüÿíêè

Ñëåä, ñâèñàåò êîñè÷êà

Åå êàê âåòêà.

À ìíå â ïîñòåëè ýòó

Äîëãóþ íî÷ü êîðîòàòü

(vladimer sokolovis Targmani).

IX saukunis dasawyisidanve vaka

kidev ufro Seaviwrova Cinurma leqsma.

es grZeldeboda saukuneze met xans.

tanka ganagrZobda arsebobas, magram

is iqca yofis nawilad, qalisa da mamakacis

urTierTobis saSualebad. maSindel

iaponiaSi daqorwinebuli

wyvilebic ki cal-calke cxovrobdnen

da erTmaneTs grZnobebs Suamavlebis

meSveobiT (romlebsac Tavisive SeTxzul

tankas atandnen) uziarebdnen. am

grZnobebis gamxela ki ucxoTaTvis yvelas

ar undoda, amitom tanka iqca daSifrul

werilebad, romlis azri mxolod

adresats unda gaego. aRniSnulma

movlenam gamoiwvia: 1) qalisa da

mamakacis, rogorc poetis, ricxobrivi

da xarisxobrivi gaTanabreba; 2)

xmamaRla kiTxvis tradiciis Sesusteba

da kaligrafiis rolis gaZliereba.

aqedan gamomdinare, saukeTeso iaponeli

poetebi saukeTeso kaligrafebic

gaxdnen.

erovnuli poeziis reabilitaciis

mizniT, meaTe saukuneSi iaponiaSi

Sedga qronologiurad meore, xolo

imperatoris iniciativiT Seqmnili

pirveli anTologia _ kokinsu (905 w.).

am anTologiaSi Semavali tankas nimuSebi

Seesabameba garkveul wesebs,

daSifrulia da kargavs manesus poeziisaTvis

damaxasiaTebel uSualobas. aq

bunebisadmi miZRvnili leqsebi adamianur

grZnobebs asaxavs da manesuSi

miniSnebuli garkveuli simboloebic

myarad mkvidrdeba. magaliTad, Semodgomis

wvima an nami cremlebs niSnavs,

irmis yvirili _ siyvaruliT

gamowveul sevdas, fiWvi _ lodins...

magaliTad:

kvirtebi Cumad gamoiRo da ha,

ayvavda

mTis ferdobebze alubali

maRali mTisa.

dascaldes netav _

ar moburos CemTa TvalTagan,

ar momiCrdilos Walebidan

amdgarma nislma.

(mrCeveli masafusa, 1041-1111 ww.,

Targmani Tamaz Cxenkelisa).

ar unda gvegonos, rom citirebuli

tanka peizaJuri lirikis tipuri

nimuSia: is SeiZleba ormagi azris matarebeli

iyos da avtoris grZnobebze

mogviTxrobdes mxolod "gandobilTaTvis"

gasagebi simboloebiT. magali-

Tad, "mTis alubali" tankaSi xSirad

satrfos simboloa.

kokinsus Semdeg Sedga kidev 6

saimperatoro anTologia da mxolod

me-8 _ sinkokinsu (1205 w.) _ iqca mniSvnelovan

etapad iaponuri poeziis

ganviTarebaSi. sinkokinsuSi vaka/tanka

gaxda ara marto gzavnili, aramed

bunebis faruli silamazis gamovlenis

saSualebac. tankas Txzva daeqvemdebra

or princips: esei (Warbi grZnoba)

da iugeni (idumali silamaze). Tu poetis

mier Warbi grZnobebis gamomJRavneba

Tavdapirvelad naklad

iTvleboda, droTa ganmavlobaSi es

Rirsebad iqca. am faqtma, Tavis mxriv,

gavlena moaxdina poeziis sxva Janrebze.

rac Seexeba meore princips, masSi

aisaxa budisturi intuiciuri Wvreta

silamazisa nivTebSi, movlenebSi. am

periodSi adamianis bunebasTan er-

Tianoba Sesustebulia. poetebs undaT

Zveli harmoniis dabruneba da amitomac

mimarTaven iugens. mocemul anTologiaSi

ikveTeba sevda miwieris warmavalobis

gamo; wina planze gamodis

mistikuri azris Zieba sagnebsa da movlenebSi,

amitom tanka isev daSifrulia,

oRond ara siyvarulis,

aramed mistikuri niSniT.

sinkokinsuSi dafiqsirda tankas

kidev erTi saxecvlileba: xSirad

iReben winamorbedi poetis tankas da

axal ganwyobas umateben. aman ganamtkica

kavSiri Taobebs Soris, magram

kidev ufro daacila azrobrivad tankas

pirveli da meore leqsi, rac

SemdgomSic SenarCunda. am azrobrivi

dacilebis sailustraciod moviyvan

amonarids maka joxaZis werilidan

"demonebi da mfarveli angelozebi 3 ":

"tankas pirveli gamoCena qarTul

sinamdvileSi, Tu ar vcdebi, murman

lebaniZis saxels ukavSirdeba. axlac

Camesmis saocari striqonebi:

giyureb,

rogor marto xar, cao

yoranma mainc gadagiaros".

citirebuli samstriqonedi nawyvetia

me-20 saukunis gamoCenili mwerlis,

isikava takubokus tankadan, romlis

qarTuli Targmani mTlianobaSi

ase gamoiyureba 4 :

mowmendilia ca Semodgomis,

irgvliv ara sCans

Rrublis nafleTic.

giyureb,

rogor marto xar, cao,

yoranma mainc gadaifrinos.

aqve unda aRvniSno, rom es Targmani

arc pirvelia qarTul sinamdvile-

Si da arc murman lebaniZes ekuTvnis

_ konstantine lorTqifaniZisaa. me

piradad, es tanka winaswar rom ar mqonoda

wakiTxuli, maka joxaZis mier citirebuli

nawyveti dasrulebuli

leqsad _ haikud momeCveneboda da,

simarTle rom vTqva, ase ufro metadac

momwons.

mocemul tankaSi asaxulia bunebis

suraTi (pirveli ori striqoni. qarTul

TargmanSi aqvea azrobrivi pauza)

da avtoris damokidebuleba am

movlenisadmi. amave tankas vera markovaseul

rusul TargmanSi e.w. pirvel

da meore leqss Soris azrobrivi mimarTeba

aseTivea, magram sxvagvaria ori

Semadgeneli nawilis zoma _ azrobrivi

pauza gadanacvlebulia mesame

striqonis Semdeg:

Îñåííåå íåáî,

Ïóñòîå îò êðàÿ äî êðàÿ. . .

Íè òåíè íå âèäíî íà íåì.

Êàê òû îäèíîêî, íåáî!

Õîòü âîðîí áû ïðîëåòåë!

am ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi damoukidebel

leqsad gamodgeba bolo ori

striqoni (am azrobriv dacilebaze


10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

yuradRebas imitom vamaxvileb, rom

mogvianebiT is mizezi gaxda haikus warmoSobisa).

CamoTvlili sami klasikuri an-

Tologiis garda, tankas ganviTarebis

gzebi kargad aisaxa 1235 wels fuZivara-no

teikas mier Sedgenil wignSi,

romelic asi poetis as tankas Seicavs.

asive es tanka uSualod iaponuridan

qarTulad Targmna irma ratianma, bevrad

adre ki _ nawilobriv da rusulidan

_ Tamaz Cxenkelma. ase rom,

zemoxsenebul 100 tankas qarTveli

mkiTxveli kargad icnobs.

XII-XVI saukuneebis iaponur poezia-

Si pirvel adgilzea ukve sxva Janri _

renga ("gadabmuli strofebi"). mis

warmoSobas, boloswina abzacSi moxseniebul

garemoebasTan erTad, xeli

Seuwyo Semdegma garemoebam: erT dros

tanka iyo gzavnili meore adamianisadmi,

rac moiTxovda pasuxs. pasuxs Sei-

Zleba mohyoloda pasuxis pasuxi da a.S.

am dros, cxadia, meordeboda sawyisi

tankas motivebi; magram renga mxolod

motivebis gameorebas ar gulisxmobs

_ is iTxzveba minimum ori poetis mier

da aucileblad moicavs dialogs.

umartivesi rengaa erTi tanka, dawerili

ori poetis mier. amis magaliTi

gvxvdeba jer kidev "manesuSi". rigiT

me-5 iaponur anTologiaSi (1126 w.) ase-

Ti leqsebi erTadaa Sekrebili da ukve

"renga" hqvia, magram XIII saukunidan

farTod gavrcelda e.w. terenga (gr-

Zeli renga"), romelic Semdegnairad

iTxzveboda:

wreSi dgeboda ramdenime poeti,

pirveli Txzavda leqsis sam striqons,

meore agrZelebda orstriqonediT da

a.S. am xerxiT ganuwyvetliv warmoiqmneboda

tanka, anu renga gaxda xuTstriqonedebisagan

agebuli cikli,

romelTagan TiToeuli or uSualo

mezobelTan aris dakavSirebuli. sxvagvarad,

TiToeuli sam- da orstriqonedi,

garda pirvelisa da ukanasknelisa,

or tankaSi meordeba. am tipis

yvelaze Zveli renga xeianis epoqis

(IX-XII ss.) bolos Seiqmna.

iaponiaSi nebismier saleqso formas

weris mkacri kanonebi hqonda. es

gansakuTrebiT rengaSi gamovlinda:

gansazRvruli iyo, mTxzvelma ramdenjer

unda axsenos alublis yvavili an

mTvare, romel strofSi SeiZleba axsenos

an ar axsenos buda da a.S. dakanonebuli

iyo e.w. poeturi sityvebic.

yvelaze gavrcelebuli iyo 36-, 44-

da 100- strofiani renga.

rengis Txzvisas udidesi mniSvneloba

eniWeboda pirvel samstriqoneds,

romelsac "hoku" anu sawyisi

strofi ewodeboda. mis SeTxzvas

gamoCenil poets andobdnen xolme.

xSirad es sami striqoni poeturi

turniris dawyebamde iwereboda.

rengas wesebis aTviseba arc ise advili

iyo. didi mniSvneloba eniWeboda

partniors, poetis unars, swrafi reagireba

moexdina mudmivad cvlad situaciaze.

am garemoebebma gamoiwvia rengas

maswavleblebis gaCena, romelTaTvisac

rengas Txzvis xelovnebis

swavleba profesiad iqca. gaCnda poeturi

skolebi.

davesesxoT rusulenovan gamocemas

"Ëóíà íàä ãîðîé” (Êðèñòàëë, 1999) da

rengas Txzvis principi mokled ganvixiloT

ori poetis _ busonisa da

kitos (me-18 s.) erToblivi nawarmoebis

magaliTze:

1.pirveli samstriqonedi busons

ekuTvnis:

Wkneba pioni.

luwad, kentad

furclebi scviva.

esaa peizaJuri lirika, pionis Wknobis

Senelebuli kadri. leqsi Seicavs

sezonur sityvas: pioni zafxulis aRmniSvnelia.

2. mas mosdevs kitos orstriqonedi:

oci dRisaa meoTxe mTvare.

mkrTalad anaTebs: axlosaa

ukve aisi.

aq gvaqvs isev peizaJuri strofi,

aris miniSneba pionze _ is iTvleba

mTvaris meoce dRis yvavilad; zustdeba

moqmedebis adgili da dro: Ria

sivrce, sadac mTvare anaTebs; meoTxe

Tvis meoce dRe; Tendeba, Cndeba namis

asociacia, aqedan ki erTi nabijia sicocxlis

warmavalobaze dafiqrebamde.

3. Semdegi samstriqonedis avtori

ratomRac isev kitoa:

xveleb-xvelebiT

baRSi dadis moxuci kaci.

mas WiSkari xom ar gavuRoT

peizaJSi Cndeba adamiani. is baRSia.

es strofi Temis Semobrunebacaa:

aRara Cans sezonuri sityva.

4. amas mosdevs busonis orstriqonedi:

iq, WiSkris miRma feriaa,

sabedos eZebs.

busons moqmedeba zRaprul samyaroSi

gadahyavs. Semdeg mas epasuxeba

kito da a.S., magram droa, citireba

SevwyvitoT. umjobesia vnaxoT, rogor

gamoiyureba ramdenime warmoqmnili

tanka:

1) Wkneba pioni.

luwad, kentad

furclebi scviva.

oci dRisaa meoTxe mTvare.

mkrTalad anaTebs: axlosaa

ukve aisi.

2) oci dRisaa meoTxe mTvare.

mkrTalad anaTebs: axlosaa

ukve aisi.

xveleb-xvelebiT

baRSi dadis moxuci kaci.

mas WiSkari xom ar gavuRoT

3) xveleb-xvelebiT

baRSi dadis moxuci kaci.

mas WiSkari xom ar gavuRoT

iq, WiSkris miRma feriaa,

sabedos eZebs.

renga Tavdapirvelad saxumaro

Janrisa iyo. droTa ganmavlobaSi is

daiyo or nakadad: seriozuli renga,

romelmac vakas tradiciebi aiTvisa

da saxumaro renga (haikai-no renga).

e.w. "haikais" poezia farTod XVI

saukuneSi gavrcelda, Tumca manesuSic

calke iyo Tavmoyrili e.w. saxumaro

strofebi da odnav gansxvavebuli

saxeli _ "haikaika" erqva. haikai

Tavidan saxumaro poezias niSnavda da,

cxadia, iumoristul Janrs ganekuTvneboda.

XIX saukuneSi saxumaro rengas

renku ewoda, termini haikai ki

dRes aRniSnavs xelovnebis yvela im

mimdinareobas, romelic "saxumaro

strofebis" gavleniT warmoiSva. esenia:

saxumaro renga, samstriqonedi

hoku (haiku), am ukanasknelis gavleniT

Seqmnili prozis Janri haibuni da

ferweris Janri haiga.

haikais poeziaSi Zalian male gabatonda

hoku. kerZod, XVII saukunidan,

anu edos epoqidan (1603-1868 ww.) hoku

damoukidebel Janrad Camoyalibda.

me-19 saukunis bolos, masaoka sikis

winadadebiT, poeziis am Janrs, romelic

hokus saxelwodebas atarebda, rengas

Tu tankas sawyisi strofisagan

garCevis mizniT, haiku uwodes, Tumca

xSirad xmaroben Zvel saxelwodebasac.

haikus dawera Tavdapirvelad ar

iyo SezRuduli wesebiT, amitom haikus

poetebi bevrad ufro Tavisufalni

iyvnen saSualebebis arCevaSi, vidre

tankas poetebi. haikus Txzva iqca Sesa-

Zlebeli gaxda ganaTlebuli qalaqelebisTvisac,

anu moxda poeziis

demokratizacia.

amgvarad, haiku formiT tankas

(rengas) pirveli samstriqoniani leqsia

marcvlebis raodenobiT: 5/7/5. magram

haiku ar aris mxolod samstriqonedi

an Tundac mxolod poezia.

esaa garkveuli msoflmxedveloba,

samyaros aRqmis principi, romelic

yvelaze ukeT gamoxatavs iaponel-

Ta erovnul suls.

iaponelebi haikus erT vertikalur

svetSi weren, romelic sam horizontalur

rigs Seicavs. Sinagan pauzas e.w.

– kireZiT anu "gamyofi sityviT"

gamoyofen, romelic me-5 an me-12

marcvalze modis, an sulac haikus aboloebs

azrobrivad da gramatikulad.

TargmanSi kireZis SesaZlo adgils

striqonis gadataniT gamosaxaven,

anu Targmnili haiku umetesad samstriqoniani

strofia, Tumca iyo da

aris mosazrebebi, rom haiku monostriqonis

saxiT unda iTargmnos.

klasikuri haiku emyareba adamianisa

da bunebis urTierTmimarTebas,

Tanac weliwadis garkveul dros. amitom

haiku Seicavs e.w. kigos ("sezonur

sityvas"). swored amitom, haikus krebulebSi

xSiria dayofa sezonur

ciklebad.

arsebobs Tvalsazrisi, rom haiku

Txzvis principiTac arsebiTad gansxvavdeba

tankasagan. tanka, bolos da

bolos, avtoris grZnobebis gamoxatvaze

daiyvaneba. tankas avtors Seu-

Zlia, moikalaTos sawer magidasTan an

sadme sxvagan da weros nebismier saganze,

romelic TvaliT ar unaxavs. haikus

poeti ki uSualo wuTier STabeWdilebas

eyrdnoba, mxolod TvaliT nanaxs

literaturuli gazeTi

gadmoscems, amitom xSirad amboben,

rom haiku SeCerebuli wamia, misi Txzvisas

aucilebelia, davicvaT principi:

axla da aq.

am Tvalsazrisis sawinaaRmdegod,

literaturis mkvlevarTa erTi nawili

Tvlis, rom amgvari ganmarteba

sruli araa: arsebobs haikus mravali

nimuSi, romelic moicavs istoriul

movlenas; mTlianad SeTxzulia; kabinetSi

iwereba; didxans muSavdeba da

a.S., yovelive es ar eteva principSi:

axla da aq;

arsebobs mosazreba, rom haikum, ama

Tu im TanmimdevrobiT, unda upasuxos

kiTxvas: ra xdeba, sad da rodis amis

danaxva cxadad SeiZleba basios (1644-

1694) ganTqmuli haikus magaliTze:

foTlebgacvenil, SiSvel totze

marto zis yvavi.

saRamoa Semodgomisa.

ra xdeba _ yvavi zis; sad _ SiSvel

totze; rodis _ Semodgomis sa-

Ramos. am pirobasac, cxadia, yvela

haiku ar akmayofilebs.

TiToeul haikus iaponelebi calke

gverdze aTavsebdnen, raTa mkiTxveli

ganmsWvaluliyo im atmosferoTi,

romelic haikuSia dafiqsirebuli. am

patara leqsSi TiToeul sityvas

uzarmazari datvirTva aqvs. aqedan

gamomdinare, haiku gulisxmobs msmenelis

(mkiTxvelis) Tanamonawileobas.

masSi yovelTvis aris uxilavi muxti,

romelic mkiTxvels unda gadaedos.

meore sakiTxia, ramdenad mzadaa

amisTvis mkiTxveli.

mkiTxvelis Tanamonawileobaze

rom vfiqrob, sul busonis (1716—1783)

erTi sakmaod cnobili haiku magondeba:

gazafxulia. wvims.

gzad erTmaneTs

esaubreba qolga da mino.

Cemi azriT, es gza velze gadis.

qolga da mino, ra Tqma unda, qali da

kaci arian. isini Sors, horizontze

Canan. ratomRac mgonia, maT saidumlo

siyvaruli akavSirebT, romelic

cremls aRvrevinebT (haikuSi wvims...);

isinic midian Sors, Sors... mogvianebiT

am haikum asociaciurad nodar

adeiSvilis erT leqsTan mimiyvana:

sxvebs rom hgoniaT, ar Tovs da

sxvebs rom hgoniaT _ daria,

sxvebs rom hgoniaT, gzadagza

kvlav zvrebze saubaria,

is gogoc sxvixi colia,

is biWic sxvisi qmaria...

ar icis,

visken gafrindes,

sawyalma Wiamariam.

darwmunebuli var, sxvebs Cemgan

sruliad gansxvavebuli asociaciebi

eqnebaT.

bevri haiku, iseve rogorc tanka,

imdenad specifikuria, rom misi gageba

SeuZlebelia konkretuli codnis

gareSe. es codna SeiZleba sxvadasxva

istoriul faqts, TviT haikus daweris

istorias da a.S. exebodes. magali-

Tad, basios isedac sulisSemZvreli

striqonebi: "sabralo bavSvi migdebuli,

mitovebuli!/ qarma logini

gauSala,/axuravs TrTvili" kidev

ufro tragikulad aJRerdeba, Tu viciT,

rom imdroindel iaponiaSi SimSilobisas

bavSvebs gzebze tovebdnen;

misive TavisTavad mSvenieri haiku: "ra

uxalisod, ra usurvilod/ ayvavilebul

qrizanTemas/ tovebs futkari"

damatebiT azrs iZens mas Semdeg, rac

wavikiTxavT avtorisave mokle ganmartebas:

"megobris stumarTmoyvare

saxlis datovebisas". saerTod, amgvari

ganmarteba bevr haikusa Tu tankas

axlavs. zogjer ganmarteba TviT

leqsze bevrad didia.

haiku Zen-budisturi 5 filosofiis

zegavleniT iqmneboda: haikus poetebi

umetesad budizmis am mimdinareobas

misdevdnen. Zen-budizmi ki iTvaliswinebs

meditacias, rogorc Suqis

mofenis, gaciskrovnebis saSualebas.

swored am gaciskrovnebis produqtia

haiku. haikus poeti amCnevs araCveulebrivs

CveulebrivSi, umniSvnelovaness

_ umniSvneloSi, maradiulobas

_ warmavalSi. magram gaciskrovneba

xandaxan moulodnelad, meditaciis

gareSec ewveva adamians. aqedan gamomdinare,

zogi haiku moulodnelad iqmneba

da misi avtori SeiZleba nebismieri

adamiani iyos.

yovelive zemoT naTqvamis Semdeg,

mainc ra aris haiku: SeCerebuli wami,

sisadave, azris koncentracia, warmosaxvis

siRrme Tu suli albaT yvelaferi

erTdroulad. da kidev: esaa

Tvalsazrisi

11

simarTle, romelic SeiZleba erTdroulad

davinaxoT da movisminoT.

amitom haikus poetebi mxatvrebic

iyvnen. Zvel iaponiaSi farTod iyo

gavrcelebuli haiga, anu erTmaneTis

gverdiT Sesrulebuli haiku da misi

ilustracia. es ilustracia haikus

gagebas aadvilebda.

ai, ra azrisaa haikuze gamoCenili

iaponeli mwerali, nobelis premiis

laureati kavabata iasunari (1899-

1972): "sityvebi hokuSi erTi da igivea,

magram cxovreba SeuCereblad midis

da erTi da igive sityvebi ar SeiZleba

iyos erTi da igive sityvebi. ar Sei-

Zleba, erTma da imave sityvam orjer

gaiJReros, iseve rogorc fexs orjer

ver davibanT erTsa da imave

mdinareSi, orjer ver dadgeba erTi

da igive gazafxuli. sxvanairad es

leqsebi ver daakmayofilebda amdeni

Taobis mkacr gemovnebas, ver

aaRelvebda Cvens Tanamedroveebs".

iaponuri poezia TiTqos drois perioduli

funqciaa: aqvs aRzevebisa da

dacemis periodebi, icvlis rxevis periodsa

da amplitudas, magram ar miileva

_ misi formebi myaria da dResac

iseve popularulia iaponiaSi, rogorc

saukuneebis winaT. tanka da haiku

ara marto mraval enaze iTargmneba,

aramed iwereba kidec. yoveli eri,

Targmnis ra (an sulac qmnis!) tankasa

Tu haikus, iTvaliswinebs sakuTar

tradiciebsa da enis Taviseburebebs.

CvenTanac ase iyo: iaponuri poeziis

qarTulad Targmna daaxloebiT 60

wlis winaT daiwyo _ gasagebi mizezebis

gamo, rusuli enidan. mxolod

bolo wlebSi gamoCnda Targmanebi

uSualod originalidan, rac umalve

saTanadod iqna Sefasebuli literatorTa

mier. Sedegi, rogorc yvelam

viciT, orive SemTxvevaSi SesaniSnavia.

leqsis es orive forma qarTul

originalur poeziasac SesaniSnavad

moergo. isev maka joxaZes davesesxebi:

"Tanamedrove qarTuli poeziisaTvis

Zalzed axlobeli gamodga

iaponuri leqsis saxeoba _ tanka.

...nimuSad vaJa xornaulis erT tankas

movitan:

yvavili gaiSala,

gamoCnda futkari.

sul male celic...

bunebis am pawia suraTSi sikvdilsicocxlis

ucnaurad mSvidi da logikuri

monacvleobiT kacis mTeli

cxovrebaa gaazrebuli".

leqsis SefasebaSi qalbaton makas

mTlianad veTanxmebi, oRond citirebuli

samstriqonedi haikua da ara _

tanka. ase rom, misi naTqvami haikuzec

vrceldeba. Cemi mxriv, qarTuli samstriqonedis

kidev erT SesaniSnav nimuSs

davamateb, romelic zustad akmayofilebs

klasikuri haikusadmi wayenebul

yvela moTxovnas (imedia, avtori

mapatiebs, mis leqss haiku rom

davarqvi):

samZimari.

moWril xes

Citebis gundi Sefenia

(Tamar gabroSvili).

es patara leqsi aris agreTve uneblie

gadaZaxili saukuneebs iqiT,

cnobil iaponel poetTan _ isasTan:

xe mosaWrelad mouniSnavT,

xolo Citebi

zed Zveleburad udardelad

iwnaven budes.

ase rom, Soreuli iaponia ukve arc

ise Soreulia _ simRerebidan mosuli

poezia yvelas erTmaneTTan aaxloebs.

1

III-IV saukuneebSi Casaxuli istoriuli

saxelmwifo warmonaqmni Tanamedrove

iaponiis teritoriaze, iamatos raionSi

(dRevandeli naras prefeqtura), romelsac

saxeli gadaarqves 670 wels.

2

Tu mTargmneli miTiTebuli araa,

Targmani Cemia (l.m.).

3

maka joxaZe, samoTxe usiyvarulod,

"inteleqti", Tbilisi, 2009, gv.304.

4

isikava takuboku, 100 tanka, "nakaduli",

Tbilisi, 1970, gv.64.

5

Zen-budizmi warmoadgens budizmis

erT-erT mimdinareobas, romelic sinamdviles

imecnebs sakuTari bunebis intuiciuri

wvdomis safuZvelze.

uaxloes momavalSi `literaturuli

gazeTi~ SemogTavazebT lela

metrevelis werils `haikus oTxi poeti~.

Semdeg ki mkiTxvels miecema sa-

Sualeba, gaecnos lela metrevelis

mier Targmnil am oTxi poetis (basio,

busoni, isa da siki) leqsebs.


12 proza

literaturuli gazeTi

elguja berZeniSvili

torola

moxucs aRar axsovda ra naxa sizmrad,

magram ZilSive igrZno, rom mTeli

dRe moeSxameboda.

marTlac ase moxda. `cud fexze

avdeqi~ _ gaifiqra. `vici xolme ase,

xSirad ara magram, aseTi dRe rom gamomereva,

mTeli arsebiT vgrZnob, rom

sikvdili miaxlovdeba. am dros mZuls

yvela da yvelaferi, mezizReba

Tavi da sxvebi, raRac ucnauri mwuxareba

meufleba, gaurkveveli SiSi da

Zrwolva. sastiki gulgriloba da

zizRi yvelafrisadmi, rasac Tvals

movkrav. mZuls arseboba, mTeli

simZafriT vgrZnob mis uazrobas da

gulSi vnatrob, neta ar gavCeniliyavi

qveyanaze, iseT sicarieles ganvicdi.

vgrZob, rom aRar varsebob. sinamdvileSi

TiTqmis mkvdari var."

ra qvia am saSinelebas _ fiqrobda

loginSi wamomjdari TmebaCeCili

moxuci, icoda, rom mis ganwyobas veRaraferi

ver gadaSlida, magram mainc

moavlo Tvali wignebs. misma gonebam

Semouara warmosaxvaSi geniosebis

azrebs _ `minda movebRauWo maT sibrZnes,

rogorc wyalwaRebuli xavss.

moxucis Tvalwin Srialebdnen gadafurcvlili

wignebi, magram arcerTi

Segoneba ar Seexo mis guls, axlos ar

gaekara, ise rogorc saflavis qvaze

warwerili soflis samduravi da mux-

Tali sikvdilis gmoba, ubralo,

liton sityvebad rom rCeba da Sen

gulgrilad zed gadaalajeb xavsmodebul

lods da gzas ganagrZob,

moxuci nifxav-perangis amara ijda

ukurnebeli seniT damZimebuli da

fiqrobda sibereze, sikvdilze. Jamis

simuxTleze da erTaderTi sityva,

romelsac Zala gaaCnda da exeboda mis

moRlil guls, es iyo maradiuli da

ucvleli sibrZne, rom yovelive amaoa

da midevneba qaris.

moxuci SeakrTo karebis jaxanma.

oTaxSi Semocvivdnen almurmodebuli

gia da Tamuna. xmamaRla gahyvirodnen,

erTmaneTs xelidan stacebdnen raRacas

da moxucs uwvdidnen. moxucs moeCvena,

TiTqos gazafxulis qarma Semoglija

kari da surnelovani yvavilebi

Semoafrqviao, magram mainc mwyralad

Sehyurebda SviliSvilebs da

Zlivs imagrebda Tavs rom ar eyvira.

ra iyo aq sayvirali. moxucs ar undoda

maTi xmis gagoneba, wiTeli loyebis

danaxva. isini iyvnen am cxovrebis

kokrebi, mere gaifurCqnebodnen da

daWknebodnen masaviT. bavSvebi erTmaneTs

laparaks ar aclidnen. `babua,

naxe, rogori zari vipoveT, Cven gvinda

rom Sen gaCuqoT, naxe, rogori xma

aqvs!" - ambobs Tamuna da pawia zars

cxvirwin uqanavebs moxucs.

_ me ar mesmis zaris xma _ ambobs

moxuci, Tavs Zlivs ikavebs, rom ar

ayvirdes da bavSvebi rom ar gayaros,

imaT ra daaSaves _ amSvidebda Tavs,

imaTi ra bralia me Tu uJmuri amyva.

_ babua, nuTu marTla ar gesmis

zaris xma ekiTxeba axla gia. mere

Tamunas zars stacebs da zed moxucis

yurTan aqeT-iqiT aqanavebs, mere moxucis

gawvdil xelze debs patara mwvaned

CaJangebul zars da orTaveni isev

ezoSi Carbian. moxucma daxeda xelis

gulze darCenil zars, Zlivs moiqcia

TiTebSi, yurTan miitana da aqeT-iqiT

gaaqana. raRac idumali CaewveTa

gaqvavebul gulSi.

moxucma gaiRima, pawia zaris xma

raRac idumals da Seucnobels auwyebda.

es mkrTali xma TiTqos Soreul,

odesRac arsebul cxovrebidan moismoda

da es ususuri Zlivs gasagoni

xma saamurad Caesmoda da izidavda,

rogorc mTaSi gaRma ferdobidan

moRweuli salamuris xma, niavi rom

moitans xolme da umalve gaaqrobs.

moxuci wamodga, Caicva, xelpiri

daibana, Cai dalia, axla mas Tavis

oTaxSi mieCqareboda, undoda kvlav

gaego pawia zaris xma. rbil savarZel-

Si Caesvena, muWi gaSala, ori TiTiT

pawia zari moixelTa.

Soridan, Zalian Soridan ismoda es

xma. TiTqos wamiT gacocxlda raRac

nacnobi da axlobeli, saamurad rom

uCqrolebda guls, ara, es ar iyo mxolod

zaris xma, xma liTonisa, rkinis

xma, Tundac vercxlis wkriali, es pawia

zari raRac saamurs, sanatrels da

idumal netarebas aRviZebda moxucis

gulSi. saidan ismoda es mkrTali wkriali

rogorc mtknari wylis mosarkuli

zedapiri SeiZvreba kenWis CavardniT

da rgolebad iSleba wyali, ise

gaiSala moxucis gulSi CawveTebuli

zars momwydari wveTi da mTeli misi

arseba bednierebiT aavso. zari ki wkrialebda.

TiTqos uRrublo caSi Setyorcnes

oqros eJvani da caSi xmianobs

xalisianadao. ki, ki, is aris. es misi

xmaa. is ar moCanda naTliT STanTqmuli,

misi mxolod xma ismis xolme. me

mesmis misi wkriali, is axla caSi erT

adgilas dgas, frTebis gamalebuli

frTxialiT, TiTqos niskartiT mzis

sxivebs gamobmuli, mzisken iltvis da

wkrialebs gesmis gesmis ra Zala aqvs,

vis, vis pawia Cits sxivebSi ganbanili

maradisobis wkriala zari cisa da miwis

Sikriki, mzesa da laJvards SerTuli

SefrfinviT rom Setrfialebs mzes

da zariviT reks caSi. moxucs sxeuli

saamurad uTrToda, xelisgulze edo

pawia jadosnuri zari _ erTaderTi

mkurnali _ fiqrobda moxuci _ dedabunebaa!

ai misi macne, patara wkriala

Citi, man isev miitana yurTan zari,

gaaqnia aqeT-iqiT da uecrad TiTqos

qveynis Seqmnis pirvel dRes, aizidnen

caSi maRali mTebi, mwvane ialaRebi.

Tovliani mwvervalebi, dinjad

gamocurdnen qula Rrublebi da imaT

Camuqebulma Crdilma gadaura

mzedafenil saZovrebs, Caiqca, CaiRvara

xevebSi, mere Sors micuravda da

erTvoda nislebs.

TvalCauwvdenel ufskrulis Tavze

iraos uvlida Zera. yvavebis laSqari

mihyveboda lega Rrublebs. bnel xev-

Si uxmaurod miiklakneboda mdinare

da ise moCanda mTebs Soris rogorc

lokokinas gavlebuli vercxlisferi

zoli muqmwvane xavsian lodze. circlovana,

velkeTili, yvavilebiT moCiTuli

ferdobi. gulaRma egde da cas

Sehyurebde. caSi boinobdnen arwivebi.

nuTu ise unda movkvde am loginSi,

rom ar Semomesmas arwivis kivili. moxuci

Tvals aridebda WiqaSi Cayril

proTezs, uazrod rom ikriWeboda,

oynas, uamrav wamlebs, ara, ara, ara, ar

minda aq movkvde. Cemi guli jer kidev

scems magrad. jer kidev Semwevs Zala.

moxuci xedavda cadazidul kldeebs.

maradisobis macneni, pirquSni. moxucs

moagonda juTeli xevsuris naambobi,

Tu rogor SerCa kldeebs jixvze monadire.

ijda kldeebSi gzamoWrili da

eloda sikvdils, nel-nela win moiwevdnen,

uaxlovdebodnen svavebi, yvavyornebi

dastrialebdnen Tavs. svavebi

kldis qimebze Camomsxdarni elodnen

monadiris sikvdils, monadirec eloda

sikvdils, man icoda Tavisi bediswera,

gardauvali dasasruli. arc yviroda,

arc Svelas iTxovda. ijda da

eloda sikvdils. mze amovida. mzis sxivebi

aTbobs RamenaTev monadires,

sali kldeebi Tbeba, yinuli dneba da

usasrulo sivrceSi ismis mzis sagalobeli,

sicocxlis sagalobeli. monadire

gascqeris mzes wamoiWreba da

ufskrulSi eSveba.

moxucma dainaxa, rogor aiSalnen

svavebi, yvavyornebi CxaviliT CaeSvnen

xevSi. ara, me ar minda aq sikvdili,

guli mTisken miiwevs. iq, Tovlis nazvavSi

mipovnian.

nayaiCos gadasasvlelze Cvenma

TuSma gamyolma Tavis cxens nabadi

waaxura, TviTonac waifara nabadi

Tavze, Cven ki cxenis muclis qveS viyaviT

SeyuJulebi.

Savi, sawvimari Rrubeli Savi urCxuliviT

moigragneboda. uzarmazari,

Savi Rrubeli wamogvadga Tavze. dabnelda.

aRaraferi Canda. viSviSi Seqmnes,

yvavebma gadaaSaves ca, ielva da

iWeqa. cxeni atokda adgilze. wamou-

Sina koxi, setyvis kaklisodena marcvlebi

SxrialiT cvioda cidan, aqeTiqiT

xtodnen, ifantebodnen. mere Caiara

Savma Rrubelma, miizlazneboda

Savi urCxuliviT. axla mTebs gadaRma

elavda da ismoda yru gruxuni. gadaikara.

mzem gamoanaTa.

moxucs Tvalwin daudga mzis Suqmimdgari

dasetyvili ferdi, aTasferi

yvavili, Reroebdamsxvreuli,

erTmaneTSi areuli, daCeCqvili eyara

erTmaneTze, setyvis didroni TeTri

marcvlebi jer kidev gaumdnari mofrqveuliyo

dalewil yvavilebze da

mze mimdgari ferdi, miagavda mZivebiT

morTul xevsurul perangs. caze erTi

Rrublis frTac ki ar moCanda, mze

dabrZanebuliyo brolis mwvervalze,

dedofaliviT ZowiT mosili. veRarasodes

veRar ixilav.

rbil savarZelSi misvenebuli moxuci

Wers ascqeroda da Tvals miayolebda

lega Rrublebs, mTaTa Txemebze

rom miiCqarodnen, mere aiSalnen

yvavebi, CxaviliT gadaufrines mTas da

nislebSi Caikargnen.

veRarasodes ixilav: verc nislebs,

verc amwvanebul ialaRebs, bunebis

diad dResaswaulebs, bunebis qorwilebs,

mTidan gadmokidul TeTr Can-

Cqerebs da verasodes veRar moismen

qarisgan motanil salamuris Soreul

xmas.

moxucma Tavisi Tavi dalanda,

welszeviT SiSveli miadga kldes, Semouqnia

weraqvi. varskvlavebiviT

abrwyinda da gaifanta mTis brolis

namsxvrevebi, Tu es Sxefebia aqafebul

Cqeralis lodebze rom moTqrialebda...

is mTeli ZaliT garboda mowyurebuli.

TeTri Cqerali gadmoquxda

orad gapobil kldis napralidan

da igi gadaemxo aqafebul morevs da

xarbad svamda yinuliviT civ wyals.

mere ijda da svel nawnavebs iwuravda,

lamazi gogo ki iyo.

axla moxuci velkeTilze moabijebda,

uxaroda Wabukuri Zala rom

dabruneboda. mdinaris piras, aryis

xis CrdilSi miwva. caSi arwivebi

rialebdnen da rbil savarZelSi gadawolils

moxucs ruli ekideboda. mu-

WaSi magrad CaebRuja jadosnuri pawia

zari. moxucs nel-nela daumZimda

quTuToebi da rbil savarZelSi tkbilad

CaeZina.

***

moxucis qaliSvili qeTevani da

misi meuRle batoni daviTi, damna-

SaveebiviT isxdnen da mdumared Sescqerodnen

erTmaneTs. bavSvebic gasusuliliyvnen.

karis zarma daiJRriala, isev mezoblebi!

dilidan ar wydeboda zaris xma.

mezoblebi Semodiodnen frTxilad,

Cumad, fexakrefiT, usityvod kocnidnen

qeTevans. qalbatoni qeTevani pawia

cxvirsaxociT imSralebda cremlebs.

qeTevans maTi dumili, skamebze

uZravad jdoma usiamovno grZnobas

10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

gvrida, SiSi Seipyrobda xolme, mwuxareba

eufleboda. roca mezoblebi

gaikrifebodnen, qeTevani SvebiT amoisunTqavda

da martod darCenili

gauTaveblda qviTinebda.

_ nu geSinia! _ awynarebda meuRle,

SenTvis ar SeiZleba aRelveba, Torem

wneva agiwevs xom ici.

_ RmerTo es ra dagvemarTa! qeTevanma

vardisferi abebi gadaylapa, wamodga

da wminda sanTeli daunTo

RvTismSobels, es xati mamamisis naCuqari

iyo. Taflis sanTeli saamur surnels

afrqvevda, patara mooqvrili

xati gabrwyinebuliyo.

_ Seatyobine naTesavebs

_ ki, suyvelas, Sensasac da Cemsas.

sofelSic davreke, Sewuxdnen Zalian.

kedlis saaTma aTjer Camoreka,

bavSvebi zeze wamoiWren.

_ ra iyo, ra ambavia, ra moxda, ras

wamoxtiT

mwyralad ikiTxa mamam.

_ mamiko _ orivem erTdroulad

SesZaxes mamas, Sen xom dagvpirdi, xom

gaxsovs mamiko, neba mogveci televizori

CavrToT, hari poters uCveneben.

_ deda! Senc uTxari ra mamas, gemudarebiT.

qalbatonma kvlav daanTo

sanTlebi RvTismSoblis xatis winaSe

da aqviTinebulma, Camwydari xmiT SeekiTxa

bavSvebs: `ra TqvenTvis babua

arafers niSnavs!~ qalbatonma qeTevanma

muxli moiyara RvTismSoblis xatis

winaSe da pirjvari isaxa.

_ wadiT! _ Tqva mamam, mxolod

Tqveneburad ar aaRrialoT, cota xmas

dauwieT, gaxsovdeT, rom marto Tqven

ar cxovrobT am saxlSi. bavSvebi gavardnen

did oTaxSi da cota xnis mere binas

moedo musikis xma. bavSvebi tanis

rxeviT ahyvnen maTTvis nacnob ritmebs.

uecrad musika Sewyda da wamiT

Camovardnil siCumeSi gaisma bavSvebis

xmamaRali Jivil-xivili: `deda,

modi Cqara, modi mama, mama modi, Cveni

babua icinis~.

colqmari did oTaxSi Secvivda.

telekranidan babua imzireboda, ver

gaigebdiT tiroda Tu icinoda, dabneuli

acecebda Tvalebs, gaunZrevlad

idga, TmaaCeCili, mxrebaweuli,

viwro mxrebze rugzaki ekida, Can-

Tidan Tavi amoeyo Jangian weraqvs _

diqtoris xma ki xmamaRla ganagrZobda:

es moxuci moiyvanes mcxeTis

policiis ganyofilebidan, moxucs

araviTari sabuTi ar aRmoaCnda, saxlis

misamarTi ki ar axsovs, Tu vinmes

gecnobaT moxuci, gTxovT, moakiTxoT

an SegvatyobinoT misi misamarTi da

Cven davabrunebT mas saxlSi, Cveni

telefonis nomeria... diqtori dadumda,

wamiT dabnelda da umalve ganaTda

ekrani. gaisma musikis xma da bavSvebi

sixaruliT Seegebnen hari poteris

gamoCenas.


10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

mwerali

zurab leJava:

literaturuli gazeTi

interviu 13

`didad arc `CayvinTvas~ ganvicdi da arc `amotivtivebas~

cota xnis winaT mweral zurab leJavas saqarTveloSi TiTqmis aravin icnobda. TiTze CamosaTvleli iyo misi

Semoqmedebis mkiTxvelic, arada, aT weliwadze metia ibeWdeba, ufro didi xani – wers, Tumca vidre ramdenime

gavlenianma literatorma ar daiZaxa, _ ariqa, TviTnabadi talanti gvyavs cxvirwin da ver vamCnevTo, manamde yuri

aravin Seibertya. mere ki, icocxle _ dafasebac movida, sqeltaniani krebulic da literaturuli premiac.

oriode Tvis winaT `galas~ gamarjvebuli gaxda. `bavSvis nakbeni karaliokze oqtombris TveSi~ wlis saukeTeso

wignad aRiares. es misi moTxrobebis pirveli sruli krebulia, romelSic mwerlis yvela mniSvnelovani teqsti

Sevida: `iyideT Cveni sulebi,~ `macivari seqsisa wil,~ `didi WuWua da patara WuWua,~ `milioni bedniereba,~ `mstovari

da mzveravi~ da bevri sxva. am ucnauri ambebis avtoris Sesaxeb mkiTxvels albaT bevri ram ainteresebs, miT ufro,

rom presasTan urTierTobisgan wlebis ganmavlobaSi Tavs ikavebda. rogor movida literaturaSi, sad poulobs

siuJetebs Tavisi moTxrobebisTvis, rogor muSaobs nawarmoebze _ am da sxva kiTxvebze pasuxebs Tavad zurab

leJavasgan miiRebT.

_ wera jer kidev skolis asakSi

daviwye. pirveli moTxroba maswavlebelze

davwere. me-5-6 klasSi

viqnebodi, rodesac maTematikis pedagogze

gabrazebulma moTxroba

gavaSanSale. am qalbatonma sruliad

samarTlianad damsaja, magram im

asakSi es cota rTuli gasaanalizebeli

iyo, amitom misi guli ariTmetikuli

formulebis nakrebad warmovadgine.

ra Tqma unda, mTavar

gmirs nawarmoebi ar waukiTxavs, me ki

amis Semdegac vagrZelebdi weras.

sxvaTa Soris, es Canaweri ar Semomr-

Ca, Torem siamovnebiT gamovaqveynebdi

Tavdapirveli saxiT. amas garda,

iyo dauwereli moTxrobebi, erTgvari

anekdotebi – vigonebdi ambebs

Cems klaselebze, vuyvebodi da vacinebdi.

pirveli seriozuli naweri Jurnal

`nobaTSi~ gavagzavne. iqneboda

1996-97 wlebi. ori moTxroba gamoaqveynes.

Semdeg vibeWdebodi `literaturul

saqarTveloSi,~ `arilsa~

da `qomagSi~. erTxelac `arilis~

saiubileo saRamoze CemTan batoni

givi alxaziSvili movida da krebulis

gamocema SemomTavaza. rasakvirvelia,

davTanxmdi. sul male qveynierebas

Cemi pirveli wigni _ `arseba,

romelic Sen giyvars~ moevlina.

mere iyo gamomcemloba `sani,~

romelmac ori patara wigni damibe-

Wda _ `milioni bedniereba~ da `iyideT

Cveni sulebi;~ 2005-Si `aretem~

gamosca `mstovari da mzveravi~, Sar-

San ki `bakur sulakauris gamomcemlobam~

_ `bavSvis nakbeni karaliokze

oqtombris TveSi.~ sul male

gamova kidev erTi krebuli _ `uxurdavebeli

moneta~, romelSic axali

moTxrobebi Seva. mxolod ramdenime

maTgani daibeWda periodul presa-

Si. amasac `bakur sulakauris gamomcemloba~

gamoscems.

_ rogorc Cans, am gamomcemlobasTan

TanamSromloba kargad dascadeT.

swored masTan gamocemulma

wignma mogitanaT `gala.~

_ sxvaTa Soris, bakuri Tavad

movida CemTan da wignis gamocema SemomTavaza.

manamde piradad ar vicnobdi,

vicodi, rom Cems nawerebs

kiTxulobda da moswonda. wignSi axali

moTxrobebic Sevida da manamde

gamoqveynebulic, aseve erTi mcire

zomis romani. krebuls `bavSvis nakbeni

karaliokze oqtombris TveSi~

davarqvi.

_ maincdamainc am moTxrobis

saTauri ratom uwodeT

_ Zalian momwons es saTauri,

Tanac miviCnie, rom sxva teqstebis

gamaerTianebladac gamodgeboda.

`bakur sulakauris gamomcemlobis~

wyalobiT Cemi erT-erTi moTxroba

_ `macivari seqsisa wil~ ilinoisis

literaturis institutis gamomcemlobaSi

moxvda, ufro zustad ki

`saukeTeso evropuli moTxrobebis

krebulSi,~ romelic ianvarSi gamova.

_ amerikelebma rogor Seityves

Tqvens Sesaxeb

_ ramdenime wlis winaT es teqsti

`15 saukeTeso qarTul moTxroba~-Si

Sevida, romelsac yovelwliurad

gamoscems `bakur sulakauris

gamomcemloba.~ swored aq waikiTxa

ingliselma mTargmnelma, Targmna

da zemoxsenebul gamomcemlobas miawoda,

maT ki zemoxsenebul krebul-

Si Seitanes. sxvaTa Soris, ilinoisis

universitetSi Tanamedrove qarTuli

mwerlobiTac dainteresdnen da

uaxloes momavalSi Cveni kulturis

saministrosTan erTad qarTveli avtorebis

(prozaikosebis) anTologiis

gamocemas apireben. es faqti kidev

erTxel adasturebs, rom mwerlisTvis

mxolod nawarmoebis Seqmna sakmarisi

ar aris. gamomcemelTan urTierTobac

saWiroa. am SemTxvevaSi es `bakur sulakauris

gamomcemloba~ aRmoCnda,

romelTanac, mgoni, warmatebiT vTanamSromlob.

_ Tqvens moTxrobebs gamorCeulad

originaluri siuJetebi aqvs.

saidan mogaqvT es ambebi

_ nawili cxovrebidanaa aRebuli,

nawili _ sxvaTa gamocdilebidan, nawilic

_ Cemi fantaziis nayofia. viyeneb

xolme realur personaJebsac, magram

es yvelaferi imdenad ganzogadebulia,

mavanma am personaJSi sakuTari Tavi

romc icnos, ar ewyineba.

_ sul mgonia, rom moTxroba

`mstovari da mzveravi~ mama basilis

mrevlzea dawerili.

_ rasakvirvelia. sxvaTa Soris, am

moTxrobis erT-erTi mTavari gmiri,

olimpiozi axal wignSic figurirebs.

aris kidev erTi personaJi, varSak karapetovi,

romelic aseve gadamyavs sxva

moTxrobaSi.

_ anu, Tqveni personaJebi

moTxrobis dasrulebasTan erTad

arsebobas ar wyveten

_ ra Tqma unda, ara. iseve, rogorc

balzakTan an folknerTan, Cemi gmirebic

mogzauroben erTi moTxrobidan

meoreSi, oRond, Tu saWiroeba moiTxovs.

_ da viTardebian

_ ar vici, SeiZleba degradireben

kidec. erTidaigive personaJi SeiZleba

Sinaarsobrivad gansxvavebul ramdenime

moTxrobaSi gamoviyeno.

_ miuxedavad imisa, rom arcTu

cota xania werT da ramdenime wignis

avtoric xarT, aRiareba mogvianebiT

movida. ufro zustad ki, bolo erTi

wlis ganmavlobaSi. Tqveni gamarjveba

`galaze~ bevri mwerlisTvisac

moulodneloba iyo, rom araferi vTqvaT

mkiTxvelze, gamomdinare iqedan,

rom Tqvens Sesaxeb arcki gaugiaT. ras

mivaweroT es

_ es, albaT, ramdenime garemoebis

bralia, yvelaferTan erTad, Cemic,

radgan aqamde ratomRac Tavs varidebdi

sajaro urTierTobebs, sakuTari

Tavis warmoCenas da vcdilobdi mkiTxvelTan

kontaqti mxolod nawarmoebebiT

mqonoda. garkveul etapze mivxvdi,

rom gadametebuli Caketiloba poziorobaSi

gadadis da gamaRizianebelia.

Tumca es erTaderTi mizezi ar iyo.

ubralod, yvelafers aqvs Tavisi dro.

dro, romelic sakuTar pirobebs

gvTavazobs. am etapze, SeiZleba iTqvas,

cotaTi `amovtivtivdi,~ mere SeiZleba

isev `CavyvinTo~.

_ ramdenad sasiamovno aRmoCnda

`amotivtiveba~

_ Cemnairi adamiani didad arc

`CayvinTvas~ ganicdis da arc `amotivtivebas.~

anu, me var iseTi, rogoric

var da yvelaferi danarCeni gangebis

nebaa.

_ Tu gyavT gansazRvruli Tqveni

mkiTxveli, Tqveni auditoria,

visTvisac werT

_ rac Seexeba mkiTxvels da saer-

Tod, Semfasebels, erT magaliTs mogiyvanT.

ar vici, iciT Tu ara, rom weris

garda vxatav da qandakebebsac vakeTeb.

xSirad vTli xolme xis patara figurebs.

zogi maTgani namdvili xelovnebis

nimuSia, zogi, ubralod, xelosnis

namuSevari. maTi garCeva, erTi

SexedviT, rTulia, Tumca kargi Semfasebeli

Rirebuls maSinve gamoarCevs.

sxvaTa Soris, aucilebeli ar aris, ase-

Ti adamiani maincdamainc xelovnebaTmcodne

iyos, zogjer araprofesionals

ufro maxvili Tvali aqvs. asea mwerlobaSic,

im gansxvavebiT, rom saqme

aq ufro rTuladaa: Tu qandakebis tiraJireba

SeiZleba, mwerlobaSi

analogiurad ver moiqcevi. erTsadaimaves

ver atrialeb, radgan mkiTxveli

maSinve migixvdeba eSmakobas da

wigns gverdze gadadebs. rac Seexeba

imas, visTvis vwer, minda giTxraT, rom

me ar vwer amaTuim kategoriis mkiTxvelisTvis.

zogs moswons Cemi nawerebi,

zogs _ ara da es sulac ar aris

sawyeni. TiToeul adamians avtorTa

sakuTari `wre~ hyavs, romelic misTvis

misaRebi da axlobelia. ase rom, me vwer

da Tu vinmes ar moswons _ nu moewoneba,

misi nebaa.

_ Tqvens Sesaxeb amboben, rom

gaqvT Zalze mdidari fantazia,

eqspresiuli Txrobis manera, magram

ver flobT qarTuls, cudi qarTuliT

werT.

_ es sruli absurdia da agixsniT

ratomac. maT, visac msgavsi pretenzia

aqvs Cems nawerebTan dakavSirebiT,

vTavazob, aiRon nebismieri teqsti, winadadeba

da Tu damimtkiceben, rom

gaumarTavi qarTuliT vwer, madlobas

movaxseneb samarTliani SeniSvnisTvis.

aseTi mosazreba piradad

CemTvisac uTqvamT, magram ver dausabuTebiaT.

erTi SemTxveva minda gavixseno:

ramdenime mwerali vsaubrobdiT. erTerTi

Cemi bavSvobis megobari iyo, cnobili

avtori. swored man `damadanaSaula~

qarTulis ucodinrobaSi, rac

ruseTSi xangrZlivad cxovrebiT axsna,

_ Sens nawerSi rusuli winadadebis

gavlena igrZnobao. me vupasuxe, rom

gavlena SeiZleba iyos, radgan qarTuli,

iseve, rogorc nebismieri cocxali

ena, viTardeba. ena, romelic sxva

enebis gavlenas ar ganicdis, mkvdaria.

dRevandeli qarTuli srulebiT ar

hgavs iliasa da akakis epoqis enas, iliasa

da akakisdroindeli metyveleba

ki _ rusTavelisas. bunebrivia, momavlis

mwerlebis ena kidev ufro gansxvavebuli

iqneba da es sruliad normaluri

movlenaa. rac Seexeba rusulis

gavlenas, ar uarvyof da moxarulic

var, Tu es asea, radgan rusuli

Zalze mdidari da SoltiviT moqnili

enaa, iseve, rogorc qarTuli da Tu

kargs gadmoviRebT sxva enebidan, ama-

Si cudi araferia. isev Cemi megobris

Temas davubrundebi. SevTavaze, gadmogveRo

Cemi romelime naweri da eqsperimentis

saxiT gagverCia. Tamamad

damisaxela ramdenime abzaci erTerTi

moTxrobidan. karga xans vikamaTeT.

is Tavisas amtkicebda, me – Cemsas.

bolos dameTanxma, rom marTali

viyavi. aseTi midgoma gamarTlebulad

ar mimaCnia, radgan yvela avtors Sei-

Zleba wauyeno pretenzia, iseve,

rogorc Tavis droze Cvens klasikosebs

adanaSaulebdnen enis damaxinjebaSi,

magram esec Cveulebrivi ambavia.

ver vityvi, rom Zalian mawuxebs msgavsi

damokidebuleba Cemi teqstebisadmi.

faqtia, jerjerobiT amaSi veravin

damarwmuna.

_ slengTan dakavSirebiT ras

ityviT Tqvens nawerebSi didi doziT

gvxvdeba quCuri metyveleba, gansakuTrebiT

TvalSisacemia e.w. rusuli

Jargoni. bevrisTvis es sruliad

miuRebelia da enis dabinZurebad miiCnevs.

_ geTanxmebiT, slengi bevria, magram

rac aris _ saWiroa. arian avtorebi,

romlebic aseTi gamoTqmebiT

Segnebulad amZafreben nawarmoebs da

ufro pikanturs xdian, me ki _ piriqiT,

yvelanairad vcdilob Sevarbilo

uxeSi formiT naTqvami, magram amis

miuxedavad, zogjer slengi aucilebelia,

radgan sxvanairad personaJis

xasiaTi ar ewyoba. aseT dros gmiris

sasargeblod vmoqmedeb da Jargons ar

veridebi.

_ mwerlebi yovelTvis sxvadasxvanairad

aRiqvamen xolme literaturis

kritikosTa Sefasebebs. zogierTi

kritikas Zalze mtkivneulad

iRebs, zogi ki saerTod ar reagirebs.

mavanisTvis arc qebas aqvs gansakuTrebuli

mniSvneloba. Tqvens Sem-

TxvevaSi ra xdeba, Tu interesdebiT,

ras wers an ras werda literaturuli

kritika Tqvens moTxrobebze

_ kritika ZiriTadad dumda.

erTxel daiwera kritikuli werili.

avtori mandilosani gaxldaT, romelic

Cems Semoqmedebaze ironiulad

saubrobda, magram Cemi azriT, es usafuZvlo

ironia iyo. rasakvirvelia,

aseTi damokidebuleba kmayofils

aravis tovebs, magram Tu kritika

safuZvliania, ar unda gewyinos.

_ amas winaT zaza burWulaZem

gamoaqveyna recenzia Tqvens bolo

krebulze, sadac `qarTuli prozis

firosmani~ giwodaT. gagixardaT

_ winaaRmdegi ar viqnebi, Tu vinme

ase Semafasebs. Zalian gamixardeba, Tu

Semadareben vaJas, ilias, konstantine

gamsaxurdias da bevr Cems sayvarel

mwerals. es, ra Tqma unda, xumrobiT.

_ rogor muSaobT nawarmoebze

_ konkretuli recepti ar maqvs.

SeiZleba uceb, erTi amosunTqviT

davwero moTxroba, magram isec xdeba,

rom vwer, vwer da araferi gamodis.

vjaxirob, erTi sityviT. aseT

dros weras Tavs vanebeb da sxva saqmeze

gadavdivar. ZiriTadad ki Cemi nawerebi

swrafad iqmneba, xandaxan azri ise

garbis, kalami Zlivs eweva, Tumca ukve

daweril siuJets aTasnairad vaSalaSineb.

TiTo moTxrobas Svidi, rva,

xandaxan aTi variantic aqvs, magram es

yvelaferi wyaliviT unda midiodes.

teqsti xelovnurad gawelili, TiTidan

gamowovili da nawvalebi ar unda

iyos, radgan es nawarmoebs maSinve etyoba

da arabunebrivia. Cems moTxrobebs

wvalebis kvali ar emCneva, magram is

ki igrZnoba, rom Sromaa Cadebuli. es

ori sityva arsebiTad gansxvavdeba

erTmaneTisgan: `Sroma~ _ normaluria

da misaRebi adamianisTvis,

`wvaleba~ ki Wapanwyvetasa da simZimes

ukavSirdeba, rac naklebad sasiamovnoa.

_ wlevandeli weli gansakuTrebiT

mniSvnelovani aRmoCnda Tqvens

biografiaSi: jer `sabas~ nominanti

iyaviT, mere `galaze~ `wlis wignis~

titulis mflobeli gaxdiT. elodiT

gamarjvebas

_ velodi, ratomac ara. finalisti

rom Seviqeni, esec xom warmatebaa.

minda mivuloco `sabaze~ gamarjvebul

kote jandiers, romlis Semoqmedebasac

Zalian vafaseb. radgan

konkursebze Camovarda laparaki,

erTi idea minda mivawodo organizatorebs:

ar mimaCnia sworad, rodesac

priziT gaTvaliswinebul mTel Tanxas

erT adamians aZleven, danarCenebi

ki ise rCebian. Cemi azriT, TiToeul

nominaciaSi sami saprizo adgili unda

iyos gansazRvruli da fuladi jildoc

Sesabamisad ganawildes. kargi

iqneba, Tu konkursebis organizatorebi

am mosazrebas gaiTvaliswineben.

esaubra nana kobaiZe


14 Targmani

literaturuli gazeTi

aziz nesini

10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

fxana qecma iciso, SemogvZaxebs me-19 saukunidan didi ilia da samoqmedo programasac SemogvTavazebs. sazogado

Wiri rom martooden gulis fxaniT ar ikurneba, es progresulma Turqma mwerlebmac mSvenivrad icodnen.

TavianTi gegmebic hqondaT da cxovrebis saukeTeso wlebsac xSirad cixeebSi atarebdnen.

ase ganvlo me-20 saukunem. werdnen da aqveynebdnen, guls daosebamde ifxandnen da SigadaSig Turqul sapyrobileebSic

”isvenebdnen”. arc sicive aSinebdaT, arc SimSili da sneuleba. sazogado saqmisTvis iRwvodnen da adamianis

zneobriv gankurnebas eswrafodnen.

aziz nesini (1915-1995) am mweralTa grZeli siis saTaveSi, rogorc socialur-politikuri satiris ostati,

moRvaweobis pirvelsave wlebSi aRmoCnda. SemTxveviT rodi airCia araerTi novelisa Tu Canaxatis avtorma literaturul

fsevdonimad ”nesini”, romlis zusti Targmania: - ”ra xar”

”vimedovneb, yovelTvis, roca xalxi am gvariT mommarTavs, davfiqrdebi, ra var da vin var”, _ SeniSnavda mwerali

erT-erT publikaciaSi.

Turq mweralTa Zalisxmevas uqmad ar Cauvlia. swored mwerlobas miuZRvis lomis wili qveynis urTulesi

krizisidan gamoyvanaSi, ekonomikuri siduxWiridan Tavis daRwevaSi, politikuri da socialuri orientirebis

gansazRvraSi. jer kidev me-20 saukunis dasawyisidan maT mier moniSnulma veqtorebma TurqeTi progresis gzaze

gaiyvana, msoflio TanamegobrobaSi erT-erTi mowinave saxelmwifos imiji daumkvidra, qveynisa, romelic Tamamad

da bejiTad iRwvis evrostruqturebSi integrirebis dasaCqareblad.

mTargmnelisgan

hasan babas Sadrevani

magidaze mosawvevs rogorc ki

Tvali vkide:- ”isev qorwilSi, xelismoweraze

Tu mepatiJebian, fuli meqneba

dasadebi,” - gavifiqre da xasiaTi wamixda.

mosawvevi gavSale da teqsti gadavikiTxe:

”Zvirfaso batono...,

gTxovT, pativi dagvdoT da gvewvioT

horbordSi, selime xaTunis CixSi,

istorikos hasan babas Sadrevnis xalxis

samsaxurSi Cadgomis ceremonialze.

TariRi...”

cxovrebaSi ar davswrebivar msgavs

RonisZiebas da daniSnul dRes, aRniSnul

misamarTze gavwie. quCa ankaradan

Camosuli cnobili adamianebiTa da

maT sanaxavad Tavmoyrili wvrilfexobiT

gavsebuliyo.

yvelani aq iyvnen: saxelovani

pirovnebebi, saxelovan adamianTa manqanebi,

nakleb Cinebulni, aseve, gacilebiT

naklebad cnobadi saxeebi, mwerlebi,

Jurnalistebi. yvelaze bolos

ki ucnobi, magram cnobadobisTvis

moCaliCe viRac tipebi.

xalxmravlobaSi Sadrevnamde

Zlivs mivaRwie. oTxkuTxa qva... zemodan

TuTiiT mopirkeTebuli. uzarmazari

lodisagan gamoCorknili wylis

avzi da spiraliviT dagrexili onkani...

Sadrevanze mimagrebul marmarilos

dafaze amokawruli osmaluri

warwera gvamcnobda:

`Tqvens winaSea aRmdgari ferfliT,

Sadrevani RvinosaviT ganmwmendi

siTxiT...

gadawoniso, naTqvamia, orjer purs

wyali.

baba hasanma SeukveTa es Sadrevani,

meistories xotbas asxams poeti,

sikvdilamde gemaxsovreba wyali

RvTiuri!~

cota qvemoT ki mooqrovili laTinuri

damwerloba gvauwyebda:

`aw gansvenebul hasan babas Sadrevani,

...... is, ...... mier ...... epoqaSi da

pativcemul ........ valis dros xalxisTvis

gaixsna.

TariRi ....~

cementiT Selesil auzTan mdgomma

saxelovanma mecnierma, saaTi da TxuTmeti

wuTi Sadrevnis daarsebis istoria

mokled mimoixila. pirveli

Sadrevnis moZiebis, anu aRmoCenis

Taobaze sakmaod bundovnad ilaparaka.

Sadrevnis damaarseblis, hasan babas

biografia gagvacno da sityva

cnobil mwerals gadasca. manac, mTeli

ori saaTi, Sadrevanze mimagrebuli

marmarilos dafis ukve istoriis

kuTvnilebad qceul saxotbo leqsis

Semqmnelis cxovrebaze raRac-raRacebi

ibJutura. mere ki tribuna

ekonomikisa da politikis mamad wodebul

erT-erT momxsenebels dauTmo

didsulovnad. gamomsvlelma rixianad

SesZaxa:

- Tanamemamuleno!...

usagno mravalsityvaobiT rodi

wagarTmevT esoden Zvirfas dros. yvelam

icis, raoden mniSvnelovan,

saqveyno saqmeebs varT SeWidebulni.

cifrebi amaze Tavad metyvelebs. qveynis

ekonomika rom CavibareT, weliwad-

Si mxolod oras Svidi aTas samas aTi

Tunuqis wvimis Rarebi gvqonda. wliuri

naleqebis raodenoba, programuli

muSaobis Sedegad, asjer gaizarda.

gasul wels milion oTxas ocdacxrameti

aTas as cameti vedro

naleqi, racionaluri midgomiT,

asjer gavzardeT. momavalSic ar davaklebT

Zalisxmevas. momdevno wlis

programiT ori milion oTxas oTxmocda

TerTmeti aTas samas Teqvsmeti

vedro naleqis miRebaa ganzraxuli.

pativcemuli opozicia gayviris, nasvretebiani

vedroebi SemogvaCeCeso. ar

daijeroT, batonebo, es mtknari sicrue!

sruliad sxvas cxadyofs oTxmocdaCvidmeti

aTas asoTxmocdaTvrameti

nasvretis SesakeTeblad

gamoyofili oTxas Tvrameti tona

sarCilavi, cxraas xuTi yalibi. mas

mere, rac am vaJbatonebisgan xelisufleba

CavibareT, Svidas aTi tona

marili martooden Jangze gaixarja.

uwin mxolod Svidas TxuTmeti aTas

as rva Sadrevani moqmedebda. aqedan as

cxrameti aTas ocdacamets onkani

saerTod ar hqonda. oTxmocda

ToTxmeti aTasidan spilenZi moipares.

oras xuT aTasSi wyali daSra.

yvela Sadrevani SevakeTeT. amasTan,

cxraas samocdacxrameti aTas oras

samocda eqvsi Sadrevani ganvaaxleT,

oras oTxmocda Teqvsmeti aTas ocda-

TerTmeti Sadrevani ki uwindeli saxiT

aRvadgineT. gegmaSi gvaqvs cxraas

aTi aTas samocdaeqvsi axali Sadrevnis

gakeTeba. sam weliwadSi sul 31 milioni

Sadrevani gveqneba.

batonebo!

dRes Cven mier gaxsnili Sadrevnis

SesakeTeblad oras oTxmocda Cvidmeti

aTasi tona cementi, oTxas oTxmocda

aTi aTasi manqana xreSi, oras oTxmocda

aTi aTasi vagoni qviSa daixarja.

oTxas samocda Cvidmeti aTasi personali

eqvsi Tve da sami kvira, oTxi

dRe-Ramis ganmavlobaSi ki 3,5 saaTi

RamiTac muSaobda. me mxolod naRd

cifrebs mogaxsenebT. am Sadrevnidan

dReSi Svidas ormocda Teqvsmeti aTas

bidon wyals miviRebT, yovel wels

rentabeloba xuTi procentiT

gaizrdeba. oras Teqvsmeti aTas as

samocda ToTxmeti ... 20 milion 519 000,

384 ... 446 miliard 197 milion 384 aTas

535............706 trilioni...

cifrebiT Tavs ar SegawyenT:

..... axla sityvas gadavcem baton .....

s! Tqva ricxvebiT aJRurtulebulma

momxsenebelma da tribuna datova.

cifrebiT Tavggzaabneulma, Tavbrudaxveulma

msmenelma: - axla ki gveSvelao,

gaifiqra da gamomsvleli mquxare

taSiT gaacila.

tribunaze asulma oratorma damswre

sazogadoebas mimarTa:

-Tanamemamuleno! ...

dRevandeli zeimi hasan babas wminda

wylis gaxsnas eZRvneba. Cveni moqalaqeebi

sul male Sxapun-SxapuniT

gagrildebian da ukvdavebis wyliT

Cairakrakeben pirs.

mRelvare gamosvlis Semdeg raionis

yvelaze didi administraciuli

erTeulis xelmZRvanelma jibidan

makrateli amoacura da lenti frTxilad

gaWra. mere ki Sadrevnis onkani

gaxsna da onkanidan: . . . xrr. . . xrr. . .

xrxrxrxr xriali moisma. yvelam erTmaneTs

gadaxeda. xalxi aCoCqolda.

telefons ecnen. bolos, rogorc iqna,

gaarkvies - mTavari mili dazianebula;

Tanac, sakmarisad ar uwvimia;

Tavsxma ar yofila. myisve saxanZros

daukavSirdnen. mexanZreebma sulze

mogviswres da grZelxorTumiani sarwyaviT

zRvidan amoqaCuli wyali pirdapir

auzs miuSves. auzi gaivso da wyalic

onkanidan rakrakiT daiZra.

Jurnalis saxelwodeba

marTlac rom aCqarebul epoqaSi

vcxovrobT. verc presis kanonis gacnobas

vaswrebT da verc sisxlis samarTlis

kodeqss vavlebT Tvals.... ar

Caidino! ar gaakeTo!... ase ar moiqceo,

gvafrTxileben, Cven ki pirze duJmoreuli:

- laCrebo! mivaZaxebT da gavivliT.

gazeTis mowinave statiebSi brtyel-brtyeli

sityvebis koriantels

vayenebdiT: ”batonebo!” batonebo!”...

Cven ver dagvaSinebT... ” raRac-raRacebis

mere, statiis dasasruls ki,

omaxianad SevZaxebdiT: ”Cven Tvals ar

varidebT rezinis xeljoxebs!” winadadebaSi

”Tval” sityvis pirvelsave

”T”-s, aso ”r” –s Tu SevanacvlebdiT,

gana ”rvali” ar gamovidoda Cveni

jgufidan erT-erTi gvanugeSebda:

-ras dardobT, mkiTxvelma ra icis,

romeli Cvengani wers, xeljoxebisa

ar gveSiniao...

-ver dagvaSineben! ver dagvateroreben!

naTqvamia, batono Cemo, - aRmarTs

daRmarTi mosdevso, hoda, rvalisa ra

mogaxsenoT da, Jrunis wiwilebiviT ki

dagvfantes.

samniRa SemovrCiT eqsponativiT.

dardebs saRamoobiT, beioRlus duqnebSi

viqarvebdiT. merwmuneT, cxovrebas

azri daekargeboda, rom ara

msgavsi Tavdaviwyeba.

erTmaneTs fulis saSovnelad da

Jurnalis xelaxla gamosacemad ki SevuvlidiT

xolme, magram ra! jibeSi,

yuruSi ra aris, gaxvretili yuruSic

ar gviCxrialebda:

erTi Segvpirda:

_ xval saRamos kacs moviyvan, Jurnalis

gamosacem fuls gviSovis.

gavixareT. meore dRes kidev ufro

ZviradRirebul duqans, ”deqtars” mivadeqiT.

ucnobmac ar daayovna, droze

gamoCnda. Tormeti wlisas laparaki

daewyo, ToTxmeti wlisas fexi aedga.

Tvrameti wlisa ki dedis mkerdidan

Zlivs aeglejaT. ZuZus wova didi

gaWirvebiT miutovebia. dakacebula

da, bakun-bakuniT mTeli duqnebi Semouvlia.

ymawvili azrze ar iyo, ra

Jurnali gvindoda.

Jurnalis xarisxze, formatze, tiraJze

vilaparakeT. bolos saxelwodebas

mivadeqiT:

_ Jurnals ra vuwodoT – vekiTxebi.

idayvebiT sasmelebiT gavsebul

magidas daeyrdno, xeli safeTqelTan

miitana, romantikuli poza miiRo,

meocnebe Tvalebi raqis boTls miapyro

da haremis tankenari Cerqezi gogos

xmiT:

- ”sumbuli!”... wamoiZaxa.

sicili davayareT. Cvengan erTerTma,

temperamentianma poetma: ”Sublis

ofli”!... ”Sublis ofli” kargi

iqneba - wamoiyvira. TiTqos oflis

suni ecao, ymawvils saxe daemanWa. mere

ki:

-”yvavili!” ... SemogvTavaza.

erTmaneTs ar vaclidiT. saxelwodebebis

zedaxora davayenebT:

-”muSti”! ...

-”areuloba!”...

-”brZola!” ...

-”win!”...

amgvar SejibrSi rom viyaviT,

ymawvilma daiJina:

-me ”Taiguls” girCevdiT.

-”buketi” rogor mogwonT

-”patarZali”, ”lali”!....

ambobda da axal-axal ideebs

gvTavazobda.

mesame boTlis mere saxe daefoTla,

gawiTlda, magidas xeli dahkra da

Sehyvira: -”muSti” ar gamagonoT.

erTma, universitetSi asistentis

Tanamdeboba rom ekava, ymawvils fiala

SeaCeCa da: -”ali” rogor mogwonT,

batonebo” ikiTxa. es fialac rom daagemovna,

Tvalebis kvesebiT: - ”naperwkali”

saukeTeso variantia, SesZaxa.

kidev rom gadaylurwa: - ”xanZari!”...

daiRriala. aq ki yvelani gavisuseT.

xvalac am adgilas SevikriboTo, dav-

TqviT da daviSaleniT. is Ramec saxelwodebis

ZiebiT daiwyo. axlad movlenilma

Zmakacma SemogvTavaza:

-me ”mixaks” girCevT, Jurnals er-

Tob damSvendeboda.

-Tqven warmoidgineT, fialebi kvlav

xelidan xelSi gadadioda.

-me ”gangaSi” mirCevnia.

erTi fialac da: - ”broweuli” rogor

mogwonT

sma gaxurda: - ”broweulsac” ganvixilavT...

Semdegi Ramec saxelwodebis ZiebaSi

gailia.

-vfiqrob, ”lali” urigo ar iqneba,

wamoiZaxa romeliRacam. mere magididan

wamoxta da: ”cecxli!” daiRriala.

yovel Rame ”neqtarsac” vuTanxmebdiT

erTmaneTs. is magidasTan ijda da

yvavilis saxelwodebiT iwyebda, mere

drodadro wamoxteboda da:

-”vulkani!” ... anda ”puri!”... ayrantalebda.

saxelwodebis Ziebam mTeli Tve

gastana... duqnis fuli yovel Rame Cveni

jibidan gadioda. is ki Jurnalis

gamosacemad dapirebul Tanxas, xuTas

liras ara da ar kisrulobda.

- Zmebo! – ambobda. upirveles yovlisa,

saxelwodeba unda vipovoT, saxelwodebaa

arsebiTi...

verc saxelwodebas mivageniT da

verc Jurnali gamoveciT.

mas mere oci weli miilia. gamoxda

xani da asistentma Zmakacma universitetSi

profesoris adgili daikava,

poeti saxelmwifo samsaxurSi Cadga,

mxatvari daojaxda. me, uflis nebiT,

msgavsi araferi Camidenia. duqnebic

gadamaviwyda ...

gasul Rames megobarma duqanSi

dampatiJa. mezobel magidas SezarxoSebuli

moqeifeni Semosxdomodnen.

erTma, ukve gvarianad maZRarma:

”puri!” ”purs” gTavazobT saxelwodebad,

daiRriala. xma mecno, TiTqos

saxezec mecnaura.

-”Zaxili”, Zmao, yvelas ”Zaxili”

jobia.

-ar icnob - mkiTxa megobarma. yovel

Rame ase duqan-duqan dadis. sawyali,

naxevrad SeSlilia. amas rom ambobda:

-”bombi!” bombi saukeTeso variantia”

daiRriala. mere ki amayad dasZina:

- Jurnali unda gamovides... saxelwodebas

veZebT.

sufridan rom vdgebodiT, gavigone,

bombio, rogor Rrialebda, misi

amfsonebi ki sasmelis fuls ixdidnen.

-eSmakma dalaxvros! amasac saqme

uSovia, saarsebo wyarosTvis miugnia.

Cumad, CemTvis Cavilaparake.

yasbis dardebi

Sin Tu mogbezrda, adeqi da quCaSi

gadi, vinme Segxvdeba da laybobas

mainc gadaayoleb guls ... erT dResac,

cotas gaverTobio, gaifiqra, magram

yvelaferi Tavdayira dadga. diliT

yava ver dalia.

-erTi kviraa yava ar damilevia,


10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

abuzRunda, fuli ar aris da, ra oxrobiT

iyidi!..

-kvira dRea da, barem vibanavebo,

gaivlo gulSi, magram...

-ras ibanaveb, gazia gadaWrili....

-RmerTo didebulo! aRmoxda da

gazeTi gaSala. saxlis patroni miadga.

Tvis gasvlas aTi dRe aklda, magram

Tadarigi adrianad daeWira.

wamoxta da quCaSi gavarda. TavisTvis

alaparakda:

-oi, alah! amdeni viswavle, Teqvsmeti

weli idayvebi gadavityave, aqeT

mamaCemi, iqiT skola... quCaSi imuSave,

saxlSi imuSave... mere kviraSi erTxel

kino, Teatri, mTeli weli erT tansacmelSi

gaatare. axla am yvelafers sinaTlis,

gazis gadaWrac daumate mere

saxlis patronis SekiTxvebi, zneobis,

namusis gakveTilebi, ha, rogoria!

laparak-laparakSi yasab selims

miadga:

-gamarjoba, selim bei, rogor gikiTxoT

-nu mkiTxav, mumTaz bei, cudad,

cudad!... imdeni sadardeli maqvs,

Zmao, geficebi, Tavi mombezrda!

-”eh, dards ra gamolevs”, oxvras

amoayola da kvlav miubrunda:

Sen ra, binis qira gaqvs gadasaxdeli,

Tu zamTarSi saxli ver gagiTbia

-ras ambob, RvTis madliT msgavsi

araferi. osmanbeiSi saxli gvaqvs...

TiTqos mdgmurebic ar gvaklia, magram

Cemda Wirad eSmakma macduna da erTi

saxlis aSenebac aTaTurqis bulvarze

gadavwyvite. eh, neta mSenebloba ar

damewyo. xom ici, Zmao, muSebs amqveynad

verafers Seasmen. alahi mowyalea,

saxli ki davamTavre, magram karebi

mwvaned SeRebe-meTqi rom getyvi, Sen

TuTunis, Turbes mwvane feri unda

SearCio, dalaxvros eSmakma!...

- sul eg aris, selim bei!

-eh, nu ityvi, nu, mumTaz bei, .. aba,

Jan mari gustav le klezio:

rogor ar vijavro. sami taqsi myavs.

mZRols vexvewe, ukana fanjaraze Cits

nu Semosvam, cudis niSania-meTqi.

rogor fiqrob, gamigona sadardelia,

aba, ra! Seayare kedels fetvi..

RmerTmani, magaTTvis yvelaferi sul

erTia, Tavgza amebna.

-ar ginda, nu azviadeb, selim bei.

-naTqvamia, mumTaz bei... ubedureba

marto ar dadiso. hoda, Cem sadardels

emateba da emateba, aRar

vici, ra vqna, ra wyalSi Cavvarde...

midioda da TavisTvis fiqrobda:

-me Teqvsmeti weli ...

-gamarjoba, mumTaz bei!

es ki xiliT movaWre murTazia.

salam-qalami ar daayovna:

-gamarjoba, murTaz aRa! rogor

gikiTxo

-ah, ar mkiTxo, Tu kaci xar.. am

droSi rogor viqnebi

saTqmeladac ar Rirs. sami welia,

gogo gavaTxove. pirvels rom vaTxovebdi,

siZes ocdaaTi aTasi lira marto

fulad CavuTvale. meore siZe eqimia.

masac ormocdaaTi aTasi davayare.

beioRlus centrSi duqani gavxseni. eh,

advilia! amasobaSi mesame gogos jeric

dadga...

-mesamem ra, samoci aTasi mogTxova

-momTxova ras miqvia... alali iyos,

Cemi gogos qmaria... samoci aTasi ki

ara, samocdaaTi aTasi vufeSqaSe. mere

avdeqi da, saaxalwlod am Cem gogos

lurji sakabe vufeSqaSe. eh, ... iseTi

skandali amiwia ...

-ra skandali

-dalocvil iyav, mumTaz bei... Turme

im wels iisferi yofila modaSi da

... rogor fiqrob, Cemi gogo adgeboda

da lurjs Caicvamda modi da nu

idardeb, SevRondi, Tavi mombezrda.

esec araferi. sul umcrosi xom gaxsovs...

`mwerali mxolod mwerali ar unda iyos~

ver gamigia, ratom mizidavs mineraluri

peizaJebi. cota ar iyos, moris-

Si Casuls meCoTira kidec sanapiros

mdidruli da ioli cxovreba. zRva,

mze, lerwmis plantaciebi... odnav mosabezrebelic

ki iyo CemTvis. igive

gancda dameufla, rac albaT

bodlers iq yofnisas: erTgvari gaRizianeba.

samagierod, rodrigesSi Casuli

marTlac rom movixible Suagul

zRvaSi amoWrili am lodiT. sruliad

ukacrieli adgilia, uplaJo, Sveulad

gadmowolili frialo kldeebiT,

TiTqos araferi momxiblavi, uzomod

miyruebuli adgili miuxedavad saxlebisa,

yvelgan rom amouyviaT Tavi.

es adgili adamianebisTvis ar aris

gankuTvnili. aqedan gamomdinare, mgoni

am wignSi _ `mogzauroba rodriges-

Si~ - movaxerxe amexsna Tu ra mxiblavda

- qvebi, gansakuTrebiT ki yvelaferi,

rac vulkanuri warmoSobisa

iyo, vulkanuri kldeebi. bevri sxva adamianiviT

mec vulkanebi - dedamiwis es

SemaZrwunebeli da amave dros damamSvidebeli

warmonaqmnebi mizidavda.

- ki magram, is xom bolomdea Camqrali,

sruliad umoqmedoa

- amJamad umoqmedoa, magram Sei-

Zleba, sabolood arc iyos Camqrali,

rogorc la furnebi reunionSi, an

Tundac etna da stromboli. ase vTqvaT,

peizaJi, romelic raRac cocxalis

STabeWdilebas tovebs, rac bolomde

ar aris Camoyalibebuli, Sei-

Zleba gaqres. ase mgonia, rodrigesi

SeiZleba yovel wuTs daingres, radgan

araferi iWers. cxovreba kunZulis

irgvliv sCqefs - ulamazes marjnis

rifebze. am rifebze ageben Citebi

Jan mari gustav le klezio Tanamedrove

frangi klasikosia, romlis

Semoqmedeba Jan Jionis premiiTaa dajildoebuli.

daibada nicaSi 1940

wlis 13 aprils. misi pirveli romani

`oqmi~ 1963 wels rendos premiiT dajildovda.

1980 wels leklezios safrangeTis

akademiam pol moranos

didi premia mianiWa romanisaTvis

`udabno~. 1994 wels le klezio aRiares

yvelaze did frangulenovan mwerlad

cocxalTa Soris. 2008 wlis 9

oqtombers mas nobelis premia mieniWa.

interviu, romelsac dRes gTavazobT,

2006 wels gamoqveynda `magazin

litererSi~.

budeebs da swored eseni TavianTi

skintliTa da yvelafriT, rac Tan

moaqvT, erTgvarad acocxleben kunZuls,

amis gamoa irgvliv mcenareuloba

rom izrdeba, centrSi klde ki ufro

motitvlebulia.

- samyaros Tqveneul aRqmaSi

TiTqos ori mxarea: mineraluri da

adamianuri samyaro.

- CemTvis orive mniSvnelovania. mxolod

mineralebi da zRva ar makmayofilebs,

arc mxolod adamianTa sazogadoeba,

is miT ufro momxiblavia,

rac ufro axlosaa am elementebTan.

bretani maxsendeba, sadac Cemi fesvebia,

mineralebisa da zRvis samyaro.

cota xnis win tiri gamaxsenda, romlisganac

araferi darCa. am qalaqis

Zvel rukas Cavxede. naxevarkunZulze

iyo gaSenebuli, erT mxares berZnuli

navsadguri iyo, meore mxares berberuli.

naxevarkunZulis es ori napiri

arxiT ukavSirdeboda erTmaneTs. tiri

xmelTaSuazRvis erT-erTi angariSgasawevi

sazogadoeba iyo. motitvlebul

kldovan koncxze aRmocenebul am

qalaqSi sruliad gansxvavebuli

formebi da kulturebi aRmocenda,

magram orive kldes iyo mijaWvuli da

gadahyurebda zRvas, erTmaneTs ki

arxiT ukavSirdeboda... gasaocaria,

swored is sazogadoebebi mxiblavs,

romelTac wyalTan, qvebTan amdagvari

urTierToba aqvT, mexiko, es momajadoebeli

qalaqic, sruliad motitvlebul

kldeze, momlaSo tbis Suagul-

Si gaSenda.

- qalaqebzec bevrs laparakobT

Tqvens romanebSi. qalaqeli rom xarT,

imitom

literaturuli gazeTi

- diax, qalaqSi davibade, zRvis napiras.

mec, bevri evropeliviT,

umTavresad qalaqebSi vcxovrobdi.

qalaqi gzrdis da bevrad ukeT

SeigrZnob, ase vTqvaT, qalaqis xifaTs,

cxadia gxiblavs kidec, e.i. gacdunebs,

oRond negatiur cdunebas vgulisxmob.

- qalaqSi moxvedrili Tqveni personaJebi

gaurbian qalaqur cxovrebas,

vgulisxmob `udabnos,~ `mogzaurobas

ganapira mxares.~

- diax, asea. amitomacaa qalaqSi rom

ver vCerdebi. iSviaTad, rom adamianma

kargad igrZnos Tavi did qalaqSi.

aseTebi me jer ar Semxvedria. Cemi

azriT, qalaqelebs Zalian gaorebuli

damokidebuleba aqvT qalaqTan. erTni

ar icnoben mas, erTgvar koSkSi arian

gamoketilni, rom ar dainaxon, meoreni

ki, rogorc SesaZlebloba miecemaT

da samsaxuri amis saSualebas

aZlevT, stoveben mas, rac sruliad

gauTviTcnobierebeli qcevaa. da is,

rom Tavs qalaquri agresiis msxverplad

miiCnev, savsebiT bunebrivia.

- ase rom, wera Tavdacvis erT-erTi

saSualebaa

- arc Tu ise saimedo. wera, CemTvis

umal avantura, sakuTari Tavidan gamosvlaa

raime sxvisa da Seni Tavis aRmosaCenad,

ukeT amosacnobad. yovel

SemTxvevaSi, mwerloba, SekiTxvebis

dasmiT, xelebis cecebiT iwyeba da ara

mtkicebebiT. xelovnebis yvela dargs

Soris weris xelovneba yvelaze naklebad

amtkicebs. xelovneba, romelic

moTxovnilebas emsaxureba, vTqvaT, magidisa

an avejis gakeTeba, gamoricxavs

`SeiZlebas~, bolomde unda iyo

darwmunebuli. kinematografiuli xelovnebac

metismetad Tavdajerebuli

xelovnebaa... gamoricxulia orWofi,

gaubedavi moqmedeba, werilobiT teqstebSi,

romanebSi da zogadad literaturaSi

swored is gvizidavs, rac

erTbaSad, xelis erTi mosmiT ki ara,

nel-nela iqmneba. magaliTad, roca

konrads, turgenevs an sxva did romanistebs

kiTxulob, wignis damTavrebisTanave

xvdebi, rom raRac gamorCaT,

rom sakuTari Tavi aSkarad bolomde

ver amowures, miuxedavad amisa,

mTlianobis erTgvar cocxal STabe-

Wdilebas toveben.

- citatas SegaxsenebT `gaqcevaTa

wignidan~: `namdvil cxovrebebs ara

aqvT dasasruli, namdvil wignebs ara

aqvT dasasruli (gagrZeleba iqneba)~.

- diax, swored asea. namdvil wignebs

ara aqvT dasasruli, swored imitom,

rom maTSi dausrulebeli moZraoba

igulisxmeba. am moZraobas mwerlis

Targmani

15

-mapatieT, murTaz aRa... meCqareba,

unda dagemSvidoboT.... megobari melodeba...

midis da TavisTvis laparakobs:

-oi, alah, Sen samarTals venacvale,

Teqvsmeti weli Tavi wignebs vuxaTqune.....

-o..., mumTaz bei.... sad daikargeT

es menaxSire misbahia...

-gamarjoba, misbah!... Sen saiTa xar

-eh, nu mkiTxav, sevda Semomawva!

Zmao, cxovreba waxda. baiaziTSi saxli

maqvs... vifiqre, oTxoTaxiani bina gveyofa

da Turme sada xar, patara ar

gamodga gogo frangul skolaSi dadis...

Tan skolasTan axlos iqneba,

Tanac cotas gavfarTovdebiT-meTqi

da harbieSi mTeli sarTuli viqirave.

-Zviri gijdeba

-ras ambobT, mumTaz bei... Zvirad

ratom viqiravebdi. fexs imdenze vSli,

sadamdec sabani gamwvdeba. qira

araferi... Zmao, mTavari ubedureba is

aris, rom asi nomris fasadi CrdiloeTs

uyurebs... fanjara ki mWidroda

maqvs dagmanuli, magram zamTris qarebi

xom ici, saSveli aRar aris. ramdenjer

vTxove saxlis patrons, Zmao...

-saswrafo saqme maqvs misbah, Tu Zma

xar, nuRar gaagrZeleb, kargad gnaxe...

midis da TavisTvis fiqrobs:

-amdeni weli Tvalebi amoviR....

-gamarjoba mumTaz bei...

es merZeve rejefia....

mumTaz bei:

-gagimarjos! miesalma da is-is iyo

unda gascloda, rom merZeve rejefma

SeaCera:

-RmerTmani!. suli yelSi mebjineba,

TavisTan mainc wamiyvandes es dalocvili

ufali. cxovrebas eSxi ....

-mumTaz beim sityva aRar

daamTavrebina. piri gaaRo, Tvalebi

gadmokarkla da... ayal-mayalze policiac

gaiCiTa. rejefma, rZiT savse boTlebiani

xurjini mxrebidan moixsna da

wesrigis damcvelebs miaxala:

-batono policielo, amdeni xalxis

winaSe gamlanZRa, Seuracxyofa momayena,

pasuxi unda agebinoT!

sasamarTloSi rejefma mosamar-

Tles auxsna:

-batono mosamarTlev, es mumTaz

bei Wkviani kaci megona. ormoci aTasi

lira maqvs. fasebi yovel dRe matulobs,

obligaciebs mainc viyidi-meTqi,

gavifiqre, avwon-davwone da rCeva

vkiTxe. amqveynad Wkuis sakiTxavi kaci

aRar darCa. mec eg dalocvili werakiTxvis

mcodne, ganaTlebuli, Wkviani

kaci megona...

mumTaz bei, daiwyo mosamarTlem:

ganaTlebuli, wera-kiTxvis mcodne,

gonieri kaci CanxarT da...

mumTaz bei mowmeebma uaRresad

keTilSobil, wesier, ganaTlebul

pirovnebad daaxasiaTes. Tumca, ar

daumalavT momCivans rom udierad

moeqca, Seuracxyofa rom miayena...

mosamarTlem mumTaz beis eqimebis

meTvalyureobis qveS yofna dauwesa

da samkurnalo dawesebulebaSi gaamwesa...

sxvis naTqvams ar geubnebiT, sakuTari

TvaliT vnaxe. aTi dRea cixis

saavadmyofos palataSi win da ukan

bolTasa scems da TavisTvis laparakebs:

-ei, Sen! ici Teqvsmeti weli

samelnidan melani vaSre, Tvalis Cini

damelia, wignebs Tavi vuxaTqune,

idayvebi gadavityave...

-mere ki... ox, me Seni asi nomeri saxlis

CrdiloeTis fanjrisac ... ox, me

Seni ...

Targmna qeTevan tomaraZem

siyvarulic ki ver SeaCerebs. zogjer

geCveneba, rom mwerali droebiTia,

qselSi CarTuli naTurasaviT. erTxans

ganaTebs, Semdeg ki cvli naTuras.

literatura swored aseTi qselia,

erTmaneTTan metismetad gadajaWvuli

kiTxvisa da werisagan Seqmnili.

erTgvari kveba, erTgvari sunTqva,

erTgvari drama, romlis msaxiobebic

mkiTxveli da mwerali arian. ase mgonia,

dRes romani odnav mainc miuaxlovda

imas, rac ase izidavda berZnebs

da rac met-naklebad daikarga Tanamedrove

TeatrSi, radgan Teatri gaejibra

kinos. romani ki saSualebas ga-

Zlevs, misdio personaJs. yovel roman-

Si raRac iqmneba da raRac ingreva.

TiTqos am yvelafers uCinari minotavri

werdes, mwerlebi ki mis samsaxurSi

Camdgari mwignobrebi yofiliyvnen.

- rogor aTavsebT mwerlobas

yoveldRiur cxovrebasTan

- vfiqrob, wera cxovrebis mxolod

erTi mxare unda iyos. weris erTgvari

xibli isaa, rom mas mTlianad ar

eZlevi. darCenil dros alalbedze

mihyvebi wuTisoflis dinebas, esec,

Cemi azriT, gasuli saukunis lirikulma

poeziam gvaswavla. rembos vgulisxmob.

cota xnis win misi biografia wavikiTxe.

gaocebuli davrCi, sad ar dadioda,

ras ar akeTebda es biWi, sicocxles

safrTxeSi igdebda, rasac

werda, Tavad hqonda gancdili, magram

imisTvis ki ar cxovrobda, rom ewera,

ara, ubralod cxovrobda. Cemi azriT,

rembo mwerlis nimuSia, am sityvis

pirdapiri gagebiT. mwerlebi ase ar

cxovroben.

- Tqven ggavT, ara

- ara, ara, me ukandasaxevi gza ar

momiWria, albaT ojaxis gamo. rembom

ki Zlierad moiqnia xmali, gansakuTrebiT

ojaxisken. cxadia mas saSineli

ojaxi hqonda. sabednierod, amas Cemze

ver vityvi. nimuSs roca vambob, Tavgadasavlebs

vgulisxmob. garda imisa,

rasac werda, mTeli misi cxovrebac

poeturi idealis, raRac dausruleblis

gamoxatuleba iyo. maradiul Wabukad

darCa, sxvaTaSoris, sikvdilamde

miSomac igive traeqtoria Semoxaza,

oRond sxva sferoSi, Tanac gacilebiT

TavSekavebulad da naklebi

xilvebiT, miuxedavad imisa, rom masac

gasaocari Tavgadasavlebi gadaxda

Tavs. isic im adamianebiviT aris, vinc

gamudmebiT ikvlevs, ufro intensiurad

cxovrobs, vidre wers, ufro sworad

cxovrebis mxolod garkveul

monakveTSi wers. Cemi azriT, mwerali

mxolod mwerali ar unda iyos!

Targmna sofiko bendiaSvilma


16 recenzia

literaturuli gazeTi

`isev sakuTar TavSi unda Cavbrunde

_ sakuTari Tavi sulac ar ni-

Snavs CemTvis sxeuliT Semogarsul

organizms, sakuTari Tavi is Sinasamyaroa,

sadac fiqris da azrovnebis,

ufro ki sulieri gradaciis, garkveuli

metamorfozis saSualeba meZleva~.

(`amodis Tu Cadis mze!~). TviTrefleqsiuroba

ki poeziaSi is gzaa, romelic

ramdenime metaforul zonas gadis,

arRvevs materiis sevdas da siRrmul

sixaruls eziareba, rasac poeti

`Tavdapirvel bindSi dasaxlebas~

uwodebs: `Tvals, romelic kargavs

dasayrdens/da Cabrundeba Tavis siRrmeSi,/rom

Tavdapirvel bindSi dasaxlde~.

(`Cabrunebuli mzera~ (Tebervlis

epistole), an `me vkargav simaRles

da dabla veSvebi _/sakuTar siRrmeSi

da mze mesxureba,/romelic amodis

uSores xsovnidan...~ (`saxli~). es faqizi

onirizmia aRbeWdili rilkes

`merve elegiaSi~: (`yvela arseba

ganxmulisken qceula mzerad./mxolod

Cvena gvaqvs Seqceuli Cveni

Tvalebi/TiTqos piruku da maT irgvliv

ise gvigia,/viT xafangebi Tavisufal

gamosasvlelTan~, v. kotetiSvilis

Targmani). poetis `Tavdapirveli

bindi~ ki, albaT, sxva araferia, Tu ara

fsevdo-dionises `bneli~ (efrem mcire

rom `nisls~ uwodebs), RvTis sameufo,

vardis wiaRi. am Rrma introspeqciis

dros, rogorc baSlari ambobs, sityvac

saganTan erTad iZireba siRrmeSi

da am dros Cven sagnebis pirvelsawyisisken,

pirvelmniSvnelobisken miviwevT:

`Sen eZeb sityvas pirvandel niSniT/da

ara lamaz ornamentiviT~ (`ianvris

epistole~) ambobs poeti. amitomac

`oqros kveTiviT~ es sityva `RvTis

kraviviT rom ucodvelia,/umizezoa

da znekeTili~ (`maisi epistole~),

uCveulod `gamtaria~, sisxlsavse da

xorciT mosili. `zmna rom ibadeba,

mwkrivebs da seriebs/usxlteba, gaivlis,

poulobs sasurvels/da simebian-

Ta bgerebis xaoebs/amravlebs xemi da

sakravebs sasules/Caberavs beberi samyaro

xelaxla...~ `dilis koncerti~).

givi alxaziSvilis musikalur mexsierebaSi

pirvelqmnil sityvasTan er-

Tad uZvelesi bgerebic saxlobs, amitomac

esmis mas Sebindebisas `bgerebi

altis, saqsafonis, uZveles ebnis...~

poetis mier `pirvandeli niSniT~ aRbeWdili

sityva ki poeturi naxtomiT

Cndeba eleqtronul, akad-nusxurSi

akrefil teqstSi. es poeturi amplituda

TiTqos ori gansxvavebuli sivrcis

_ tradiciis, samyaros Cinebulad

srulyofili xatisa da axali samyaros

grotesks ganasaxierebs. amitomac

leqsis bolo strofSi sruliad

logikuria daRmavali kadencia, warmavlobis

sevdiT gajerebuli: `...da

roca waxval fexakrefiT/Sens akrefil

nabijebsac daixsomeben/Zveli

qarebi, kafeebi da kulisebi...~ `qaris

xsovna~) mSvidi da bunebrivi gradaciaa,

romelic damaxasiaTebelia givi

alxaziSvilis poeturi xelwerisTvis.

Tumca ki poetis leqsebis ritmi, musika

mravalferovania, ZiriTadad rCeba

siRrmuli, meditaciuri tonaloba,

gawonasworebuli, metafizikuri Rimili,

rac mis poezias gansakuTrebulobas

aniWebs. ar SeiZleba ar aRiniSnos

poetis lirikuli sunTqvis

mravalferovneba, swrafva bgeris

musikaluri organizaciisken, rac

xSirad sxvadasxvagvari evfoniuri

TamaSebiT aris gamoxatuli:

`ra unda vuTxra daWaobebul

warsulis Jaltams da malarias,

dabrunebuli dReebic wavlen...

Semodgomam xom imaliara,

mzera gagviTbo feradi navliT...

axla es wuTi _ aTasi wlis

samalavia...

da gardacvlili bavSvebisTvis

mReris maleri...~ (`samalavi~)

poetis versifikaciuli, semantikur-saxeobrivi,

Tu stilur-Janrobrivi

mravalferovneba ayalibebs mis

individualur-enobriv kods. misi poeturi

semantika, poetika Tu calkeuli

sityvis plastika mudam erT did,

sofiko kvantaliani

diskursi marwyvis mdeloze

`ise Sevdivar saganSi, mcenarisa Tu adamianis bneliT mocul siRrmeSi,

rom TviTon ver gamigia. es unari xels miSlis advilad vicxovro da es CemTvis

erTdroulad _ tragediacaa da bednierebac. ase rom, ukiduresobaTa

kedlebs uneblieT ki ar venarcxebi, es Cemi xvedria da amgvari xvedri _

CemSi amoqmedebs sityvebs, sacecebiviT rom miZvrebian qvecnobierSi da ise

amoswoven iqidan `bnel informaciebs~, rogorc mcenare Tavis fesvebiT Seisrutavs

wiaRis sinotives~(g. alxaziSvili, romani `amodis Tu Cadis mze!~

1999). es poeturi meditaciis is fazaa, rodesac mSvenieri lirizmidan egzistenciuri

sixarulisken midis poeti msgavsad anri miSosi, romelic poeturi

logikiT da uCveulo inversiiT vaSlis wiaRSi `Sedis~, an Tundac

floberi, romelic ambobs, rom saganze didxans mzeriT aRwevs masSi. es siRrmuli

inversiebi, romelsac givi alxaziSvili `Cabrunebuli mzeriT~ aRwevs,

mTel mis poetur krebuls (saubaria poetis axal wignze `Cabrunebuli

mzera~, 2010w.) gasdevs.

emociur sistemas uerTdeba. emocias

xan impresionistuli (`...da vgrZnob

saRamos lurjferovan gaxaverdebas...~

(`gaxsovdes Tixa!~) an `velis Sro-

SanebTan minda wasvla/da gaSotva Sua

mindorze,/sadac balaxs zeca exeba

ulurjesi....~ (`sixarulis mewyvile~),

xanac simbolisturi (`sadac gam-

Wolad xedav sizmar-cxads/da brolis

WrilSi iCekeba farSavangebi.~ (`qaris

xsovna~) an modernistuli (`xedav, ca

ivseba celofnis yvavebiT...~ (`Tvali

gzad gagirbis~) an `geficebi beber

yorans, /axla rom Tavze gadamifrina...~

(es dRe sad gaqra!~) ferweruli

monasmebi badeben.

poeturi nawarmoebis kiTxvisas

erTi banaluri da uCveulo ram xdeba

_ (wa)mkiTxeli, recipienti, nebsiT Tu

uneblieT, iWreba teqstSi da sakuTari

subieqturi impulsebis mixedviT ucvlis

mas formas, konteqsts, diskurss,

tonalobas. amitom leqsi kiTxvisas

mudmivi qmnadobis, Camoyalibebis procesSia.

am procesis xangrZlivobas ki

poetur enaSi aRmoCenili mSvenieri

poeturi simkvriveebis _ metaforebis

(da tropis sxvadasxva saxeebis)

(g)axsna ganapirobebs. givi alxaziSvilis

poeziaSi metaforebi konceptualuri

da daxvewilia. isini cocxloben,

sisxliT ivsebian, xorcieldebian.

es daaxlovebiT iseTivea, rogorc

poetis calkeuli sityvis sicocxle

(`...da usmen sityvas,/guliviT rom

feTqavs malimal...~ (`sasule orkestris

TanxlebiT~). lirikuli subieqti

ki or sityvas Soris wonasworobs

_ `dabadebidan dabadebamde~. (`or

sityvas Soris~) am leqsis dasasruls

poetis erTma metaforam gamielva _

es abreSumis Wiis metaforaa, rogorc

gancda am or sityvas Soris, rogorc

sicocxle Tavisi sawyis-sasruliT:

`stumrad xar Sin da

iqsov siCumes,

drois simdores gulSi igubeb

da wasasvlelad yovelTvis

mzad xar

da abreSumis WiasaviT Seni

fusfusi

sul furcel-furcel aaSrialebs

sibneles, sadac krTeba fosfori _

rogorc saflavze xsovnis niSani.~

(`qaris xsovna~)

es metafora poetis `sarkisebri

me~-s cxovrebacaa, romelic sxva leqs-

Si Soridan garkveviT moCans, rogorc

simartovis `qsova~ `abreSumis Wiis

parkiviT~. (leqsis kiTxvisas zogjer

aseTi poeturi paradoqsi xdeba _ teqsti,

kiTxvisas, SesaZloa gaqres, teqstsSoris

kavSirebSi, napralebSi

gasxltes, gauCinardes. es metaforis

simZimeze, mis mravalSrianobazea

damokidebuli. usaTauro leqsSi (`ver

aRivseba guli Cemi Sendami mtrobi-T~)

am metaforam TiTqos mogvwyvita leqsis

mTavar narativs, sadac poetis

lirikuli `me~ meore piris gulgrilobas

da daviwyebas Civis: `Sen cxovrob

Seni gulgrilobiT, me var uSenod~).

es TeTri da nazi metafora mar-

Tlac Tavisi saabreSume jirkvlebidan

gamohyofs sadafisfer bzinvare siTxes,

romelic gzaa (galaktionis

definiciiT `vardisferi gza~) `dabadebidan

dabadebamde~. v. rozanovi

`ganmartoebulSi~ wers, rom am mweris

arsebobis stadiebi figuralurad

gamoxatavs cxovrebas samyaroSi: muxluxis

stadia: Cven vcocavT, vikvebebiT

da uZraoni varT. Wupris stadia:

es sikvdili da kuboa. peplis stadia:

pepela _ es `sulia. anu es metamorfoza

manZilia `dabadebidan dabadebamde.~

amitomac virtualuri veSapisgan

STanTqmuli avtoris lirikuli

gmiri Tavs ionas adarebs (`siriusis

Jami~), radgan swored ionaSia mocemuli

kvdoma-aRdgomis parabola. msgavsi

siRrmis metaforebi alxaziSvilis

inteleqtualur poeziaSi calke

saazrovno sistemebs qmnian, romelTa

sul mcired (g)axsnac ki saocari siamovnebis

gancdas gvaniWeben. aseTi

metafora-simboloa saxli, `romelic

Tvals gayolebs Tavis fanjrebiT~ (`sasule

orkestris TanxlebiT~). (es virtuozulad

gapirovnebuli saxli erTgvari

aluziaa anri boskos saxlisa,

romanSi `geacinti~, sadac aRwerilia

saxli, romelic patrons elodeba). es

is fesviani saxlia, sadac sizmrebis

dros vimyofebiT. es is saxlia, sadac

zmanebaTa maRali sixSirea, sadac xdeba

Serwyma fesvebTan. amitomac leqsis

lirikuli gmiri am saxlSi mamis siluets

poulobs, Tumca ki poetis SedarebiT

adrindel leqsSi (`Sin~, 1998)

misi oniruli saxli ukacuri da carielia.

mas mniSvnelobac ki dakarguli

aqvs saxlis. es simboluri saxismetyveleba

kargad xsnis poetis sulier

gradacias, rac, SesaZloa, samyaros

centris, mamis dakargviT gamowveul

sevdasac exmianebodes. leqsis final-

Si ki avtoris skefsisi nisliviT ifanteba:

`da me xmamaRla vimeoreb: Sin _

Sin _ Siiin.../da am saxlSi gabneuli

mTeli Sriali/am erT sityvaSi Tavs

iyris uceb/da saxli iwyebs Sindabrunebas~.

(iqve) rTuli, polisemiuri

metaforebis gverdiT alxaziSvilis

leqsebis axal krebulSi gvxvdeba msubuqi,

TiTqmis uwonadi metafora `haeris

yvavili~ (`qaris xsovna~), an sicocxlesaviT

aqroladi `puris suni~

(`puris suni~), an kidev `gafuebuli

comi~, romelic poetis xsovnaSi fuis.

puris simbolos, romelic alxaziSvilis

axal poetur cikls (`puris suni~

2010-2009) aerTianebs, fesvi ziarebis

saidumloSi aqvs (`deduleTis

monatreba mavsebs da mcdis _/mexsiereba

Tu kidev SemrCa/da puris natexs

vaweb RvinoSi~) da amdenad misi

surneli poetis mTel ciklSi igrZnoba:

(`me ki ara,/puri da Rvino cocxlobs

CemSi/da maarsebebs...~ (`es dRe

sad gaqra!~). mexsierebis, warsulis

aRdgenis yvelaze zusti da namdvili

impulsi cnobilia, rom aris bgera, sityva,

feri, forma an suni rodesac am

uxilavi biZgebiT warsuli movlenis

mTeli sisruliT SegrZneba xdeba.

10 - 23 dekemberi 2010

(moris beJam amas `retrospeqtuli epifania~

uwoda). ase aRadgens `puris

suni~ warsuls:

`deduleTis monatreba mavsebs

da mcdis _

mexsiereba Tu kidev SemrCa

da puris natexs vaweb RvinoSi.

gamzeurebul saTibebidan

brundeba papa,

xolo bebia gafuebul coms

dastrialebs.~

(`puris suni~)

drois filosofiuri gaazrebebi

givi alxaziSvilis yvela drois leqsebis

erT-erTi mTavari motivia. dro

poetTan xSirad deddeba, mdordeba, es

gamowveulia wuTebs Soris manZilis

moulodneli CaRrmavebiT (`zogjer

wuTi ise Rrmavdeba,/rom Cveni Tvalebi

simSvides asxiveben~ (`wuTis siRrme~),

rac xSirad drois sivrcidan

gaclis, udroobas SegrZnebas badebs:

`Cven veRaravis daviviwyebT,

drom dagviviwya

da aRar gvyofnis aRaravis

dasaviwyebad

awmyo, romelic TiTqos gvqonda,

TiTqmis ara gvaqvs~.

da udroobis bundovani Jami iwyeba...~

(`zRvarTan~) aq ar aris e.w. fabuluri

dro, aq warsuli da awmyo erTmaneTs

efineba da erT maradiul awmyos

qmnis, rac udroobis fardia. es

gacilebiT ufro mZafri gancdaa, vidre

okeaneebis, mTebis, dedamiwis

dro, sadac misi mdinareba ugrZnobia,

rasac T. vulfi `ucvlel dros~ (time

immutable) uwodebs. amitomac poetis

lirikuli `me~ iviwyebs awmyos da

udroobis zRvarTan midis: `me daviviwyeb

ocdameerTes/da udroobis zRvarTan

Cavivli~. (`mipoveT vinme~) es

zRvaria udroobasa da warsuls Soris:

`raRa azri aqvs saaTebze

gabmul saubars,

da am banalur wrebrunvaze

apelirebas,

isini mudam im dros iTvlian,

romelic qreba daTvlisTanave,

ferad-feradma buStebma rom

cad gadakarges _

Cveni warsuliT gaberilebma.~

givi axlaziSvili feradi warsulis

dabrunebas `marwyvis mdeloze~

axdens. am mkveTri da sisxlsavse

metaforiT poetis lirikuli subieqti

kvlav sakuTar TavSi Rrmavdeba,

sakuTar warsulSi inTqmeba. leqsis es

pasaJi ratomRac ingmar bergmanis

`marwyvis mdelosken~ mgzavnis, sadac

filmis mTavari gmiri _ isak bregic

swored veluri marwyvis mdeloze

`brundeba~ warsulSi da amavdroulad,

sakuTar TavSi. am msubuqad erotikuli

metaforiT poetis mexsierebaSi

vnebiani kocnis ambavi iburceba:

`marwyvis mdeloa, mwife nayofs rom

gamoaCens,/rogorc Sens kocnas/da eg

tuCebi kocnis gemos gaixseneben.~

(`balaxis nabijebi~) leqsis am plastikur

motivSi TiTqos Cvens Tvalwin

naTlad iSleba mdelo, romelic mwvane

sarCulidan vnebian simbolos

aCens. es ki, savaraudod, `Cabrunebuli

mzeris~ mxatvruli detalia.

literaturuli gazeTi

gamodis saqarTvelos kulturisa da ZeglTa

dacvisa saministros finansuri mxardaWeriT

redaqtori irakli javaxaZe

redaqtoris moadgile uCa SerazadiSvili

Jurnalistebi xaTuna alxaziSvili, nana kobaiZe, Tamar Juruli

tel.: 292196; mob. tel.: (877)742277; (899)269852; e-mail: litgazeti@yahoo.com

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