A Chronology of Middle Missouri Plains Village Sites


number 98 • v

and other herbaria, botanical articles, the International

Plant Names Index (IPNI), Kew Gardens World Checklist

of Selected Plant Families (WCSPF), and the International

Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS). Once

the initial compilation was completed, we updated the nomenclature

and distributions according to modern monographs,

floras of the New World, and from catalogues such

as WCSPF and ILDIS. Families lacking modern treatments

were then sent to various specialists for extensive revision

(see list of contributors). This catalogue is accompanied by

a searchable website maintained at the Smithsonian Institution

(http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/), which is

continuously updated to incorporate the latest taxonomical

concepts and newly described taxa. The catalogue and

the website are designed to work together. The catalogue

provides rough distributions outside of the West Indies for

every accepted scientific name and type information for

some groups and selected species, e.g., Cyperaceae. The

website allows for numerous searches by family, genus,

species, common names, island, and endemism status. In

addition, it contains images of numerous accepted species,

and in the future will have distribution maps and citation

of exsiccatae. Ultimately, we plan to provide type specimen

information for all accepted species.

For ease of use, this project (catalogue and web pages)

presents families in alphabetical order following the Angiosperm

Phylogeny Group (APG- III) family concepts.

Genera, species, and synonyms are also arranged in alphabetical

order. Accepted names are in bold face and synonyms


Where type specimen information is given, herbarium

acronyms follow Index Herbariorum (http://sweetgum

.nybg.org/ih/). Genera flagged with a single (*) asterisk are

endemic while those with a (**) double asterisk are nearly

endemic to the West Indies. Nearly endemic genera are those

where the vast majority of its species are endemic to the region

under consideration. In most cases, basionyms are provided

only for native species. A number was given to each

reference cited and these correspond to the numbers listed

under each accepted name. A species was excluded if no

specimen record was found to substantiate it or it was based

on a secondary reference. These are listed alphabetically

at the end of each family treatment. In order to facilitate

searches of genera (which are currently recognized in families

different from their traditional circumscription), an index

to generic names is provided at the end of the catalogue.

The catalogue provides distributions of the accepted

taxa within the Greater and the Lesser Antilles, but not

within the Bahamas. Distributions of taxa known to occur

in both Dominican Republic and Haiti are presented

as Hispaniola. If taxa are only known for either country,

then the country name is indicated in the distribution. Endemism

in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands is accounted

altogether as one unit as these islands belong to the biogeographical

unit called the Puerto Rican bank (Acevedo-

Rodríguez et al. 1996).

The following distribution categories are recognized

in this work: native, endemic, exotic, and cultivated. These

categories are sometimes difficult to apply as conclusive

data on species origin may be missing. The term exotic is

used to denote species known to be introduced that seem

to be common or naturalized. The term cultivated is restricted

to species known only under cultivation and not



The West Indies are considered one of the biodiversity

hotspots with high priority for conservation in the

World due to its biological richness and the fragility of the

Map 2. Lesser Antilles.

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