Joint Transboundary Monitoring Program_final ... - Kura River Basin

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Joint Transboundary Monitoring Program_final ... - Kura River Basin

transsasazRvro mdinaris - mtkvris auzis - marTvis II faza

sasomxeTi, saqarTvelo da azerbaijani

TACIS/2007/134-398

mdinare mtkvris auzze 2009-20011 w. ganxorcielebuli transsasazRvro

mdinaris marTvis erTiani monitoringis programa

teqnikuri angariSi

saboloo

momzadebulia:

piter ronkekis, jesper ansbaekis da anatoli piCuginis mier

Targmani inglisuridan

Targmanis redaqtorebi – marina makarova, marine arabiZe

EPTISA Servicios de Ingenieria S.A. (espaneTi) & Grontmij Carl Bro A.S. (dania)

ivnisi 2011

proeqti dafinansebulia evrokavSiris mier

SeniSvna: es angariSi momzadebulia evrokomisiis finansuri

mxardaWeriT.

am angariSSi moyvanili mosazrebebi ekuTvnis konsultantebs da ar

asaxavs komisiis oficialur mosazrebas

1


sarCevi

sarCevi ..................................................................................................................................... 2

mokle mimoxilva................................................................................................................. 3

1. winasityvaoba.................................................................................................................. 6

kiTxvebi........................................................................................................................... 17

sinjis aRebis 1-li etapi........................................................................................ 17

sinjis aRebis me-2 etapi.......................................................................................... 17

sinjis aRebis me-3 etapi.......................................................................................... 17

sinjis aRebis me-4 etapi.......................................................................................... 17

1. momzadebuli teqnikuri saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis xarisxi,

instruqtaJis, sinjis aRebis proceduris da oqmebis CaTvliT .......... 17

2. mxardaWeris da mowvevis werilebis gamosadegoba procedurebisas

sasazRvro SemowmebaSi dasaxmareblad ........................................................... 17

3. komunikaciis gamosadegoba da mkafiooba mosamzadebeli fazisas 17

4. RonisZiebis dagegmva............................................................................................ 17

5. sinjis amRebi jgufebis mier samuSaos Sesruleba............................... 17

6. transporti da mobiloba .................................................................................. 17

7. RonisZiebis Catarebisas proeqtis mTavari eqspertebis mxridan

xelmZRvaneloba da zedamxedveloba ................................................................ 17

8. savele pirobebSi gamoyenebuli mowyobilobebis momzadeba ............ 17

9. sinjis aRebis SeTanxmebul procedurasTan Sesabamisoba................. 17

10. Sesabamisoba usafrTxoebis zomebTan ........................................................ 17

11. biologiuri monitoringis demonstrireba .............................................. 17

12. RonisZiebis mniSvneloba .................................................................................. 17

ferebis mniSvneloba: mwvane: Zalian kargi yavisferi: kargi............. 17

3.4 sakontrolo sinjebis Sedegebi.................................................................... 28

danarTi 1 emp-s sinjis aRebis adgilebis ruqa (USAID 2007

dayrdnobiT) ........................................................................................................................ 40

danarTi 2 sakontrolo CamonaTvali sinjis asaRebad savele pirobebSi

gasamgzavreblad............................................................................................................... 41

danarTi 3 sinjis aRebis oqmi ............................................................................ 44

danarTi 4 erTiani sinjis aRebis operaciebis procedura erovnuli

jgufebis mier.................................................................................................................... 46

danarTi 5 emp-Si monawile laboratoriebis mier wylis sinjebis

analizisaTvis gamoyenebuli meTodebi.................................................................. 47

danarTi 6 qimiuri analizis oqmi emp-dan mdinare mtkvrisaTvis .............. 50

2


mokle mimoxilva

mdinare mtkvris auzi warmoadgens wylis mTavar auzs samxreT

kavkasiaSi da mravali transsasazRvro sakiTxi dakavSirebulia am

mdinaris sistemasTan da mis SenakadebTan. amitom, informacia da

monacemebi mniSvnelovania Sesabamisi zomebis misaRebad, raTa

SenarCundes wylis resursebis Sesabamisi raodenoba da xarisxi

rogorc momavali, ise dRevandeli TaobisaTvis.

gamomdinare iqidan, rom mdinare mtkvris auzis qveynebSi wylis

xarisxis monitoringis saxelmwifo programebma ganicades marcxi

sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg 1991 wlidan, da isini mxolod

nawilovriv aRdga ramdenime wlis win, SeTanxmeba iyo miRweuli imis

Sesaxeb, rom danergiliyo da ganxorcielebuliyo transsasazRvro

mdinaris erToblivi monitoringis programa (emp) evrokavSiris mtkvris

proeqtis farglebSi.

ZiriTadi miznebi ganisazRvra Semdegnairad:

• proeqtSi monawile qveynebis mier gamoyenebuli monitoringis

saSualebebis da meTodebis harmonizeba,

• sami qveynis daxmareba transsasazRvro wylebis marTvisa da

strategiis sakiTxebisaTvis umTavresi prioritetis misaniWeblad,

• transsasazRvro TanamSromlobis daxmareba wylis xarisxis

marTvis sakiTxSi.

erToblivi monitoringis RonisZiebaTa strategia efuZneboda

evrokavSiris saxelmZRvanelo dokuments #7 - “monitoringi wylis

CarCo direqtivis farglebSi” da gaeros ekonomikuri komisia

evropisaTvis “transsasazRvro mdinareebis da tbebis monitoringis da

Sefasebis saxelmZRvanelo”-s .

sinjis aRebis adgilebi, monitoringis sixSire, sazomi parametrebi,

analitikuri meTodebi da sinjis aRebis da analizis Rirebuleba

SeTanxmebuli iyo proeqtis monawile qveynebs Soris da damtkicebuli

- evrokomisiis mier moTxovnis Sesabamisad. sinjebis aReba moxda

sakuTriv mdinare mtkvris sinjis aRebis ori adgilidan da

SenakadebTan nimuSis aRebis Svidi adgilidan. erToblivi monitoringis

programis mimdinareobisas (2009 da 2010) ganxorcielda rva nimuSis

aReba (kvartalurad), rac asaxavda gansxvavebas mdinaris dinebasTan,

klimatur pirobebTan da vegetaciis sezonTan dakavSirebiT.

sinjebis aReba moxda erToblivad sami saxelmwifo laboratoriis

kvalificiuri teqnikosebis mier saqarTveloSi, somxeTsa da

azerbaijanSi (mtkvris proeqtis mTavari eqspertebi Tval-yurs

adevnebdnen sinjis aRebis mTels process) da sijebis analizi

ganxorcielda erovnul laboratoriebSi, romlebic pasuxismgebelni

arian qveynebSi zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis monitoringis

programebze:

• garemos dabinZurebis monitoringis departamentis laboratoria

(saqarTvelo),

• garemoze gavlenis monitoringis centris laboratoria (somxeTi)

da

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• garemos erovnuli monitoringis departamentis laboratoria

(azerbaijani).

mdinare mtkvris ZiriTad transsasazRvro sakiTxebze saWiro

informaciis misaRebad arCeul iqna wylis xarisxis 23 determinanti

(Jangbadis mdgomareoba, nutrientebi da mZime liTonebi). Tumca, im

faqtis gamo, rom proeqtis qveynebSi jer ar aris ganviTarebuli

SesaZleblobebi biologiuri monitoringisaTvis, arCeul iqna mxolod

fizikuri da qimiuri parametrebi erToblivi monitoringis programaSi

gamosayeneblad. laboratoriebSi gamoyenebuli iyo standartizebuli

meTodebi rogorc sinjis damuSavebis, ise misi qimiuri analizisaTvis.

xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/xarisxis kontrolis zogierTi elementi

dainerga erToblivi monitoringis programis dros, radgan

laboratoriebs jer kidev ar qondaT SemuSavebuli xarisxis marTvis

sistema. sakontrolo sinji da paraleluri analogebi arCeul iqna

Sida kontrolis elementis saxiT da laboratoriaTaSorisi analizi

da wylis nimuSebis paraleluri analizi arCeul iqna xarisxis

uzrunvelyofis/xarisxis kontrolis sistemis gare elementis saxiT.

wylis xarisxis arCeuli parametrebisTvis laboratoriaTaSorisi

kvleva (PO4, NH4, NO3 da eqvsi mZime liToni As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb da Zn) da

wylis sinjebis paraleluri analizi ganaxorciela erovnulma

sacdelma laboratoriam slovakeTSi.

erToblivi monitoringis programis mimdinareobisas sinjis aRebis sam

adgilas (mdinare debeda sadaxloSi da mdinare xrami imirsa da wiTel

xidTan) ganxorcielda makro-uxerxemloebis nimuSis aReba. cdis mizani

iyo biologiuri SerCevis da analizis zogierTi ZiriTadi principis

demonstrireba. ufro metic, sinjis aRebis sami adgilisaTvis gakeTda

raodenobis kalkulacia (ori mdinare alazanSi da erTi mdinare

debedaSi) monacemebidan informaciis mosapoveblad da imis

sailustraciod, Tu ramdenad saWiroa wylis raodenobrivi da

xarisxobrivi monacemebi analizisaTvis.

ramdenadac Jangbadis Semcveloba da nutrientebis koncentraciebi

SedarebiTi iyo qveynebs Soris, mZime liTonebis koncentraciebi didad

gansxvavdeboda miuxedavad im faqtisa, rom wylis sinjebi aRebuli iyo

erTidaimave nimuSebidan da erToblivi monitoringis programisas

gamoyenebuli iyo erTiani SerCevis teqnologiuri procesi. mZime

liTonebis koncentraciebs Soris es gansxvavebebi aseve gamovlinda

wylis paralelur sinjebSi (gamoxatuli fardobiTi procentuli

sxvaobis saxiT).

sinjebis aRebis mTeli procesis harmonizebam xeli Seuwyo erToblivi

monitoringis programis Sedegebis gaumjobesebas da cxadyo, rom

gazomvebi an analitikuri uzustobebi ZiriTadad pasuxismgebeli iyo

erToblivi monitoringis programindan miRebuli Sedegebis

gansxvavebebze. amitom qveynebma meti yuradReba unda miaqcion

analitikur procedurebs da praqtikas da xarisxis

uzrunvelyofas/kontrols.

erToblivi monitoringis programis dros amgvari xarisxis

uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis zomebis danergvam, rogorebicaa

sakontrolo sinji, paraleluri analogebi, laboratoriaTaSorisi

gamokvleva da sinjis paraleluri analizi, mniSvnelovnad Seuwyo

xeli ndobis Senebas proeqtis qveynebs Soris da monitoringis

4


procedurebis gaumjobesebas da harmonizebas. miuxedavad imisa, rom

samxreT kavkasiis qveynebi iziareben erTidaimave wylis resursebs,

erTiani transsasazRvro mdinaris monitoringis RonisZiebebi amJamad

efuZneba mxolod saerTaSoriso proeqtebs.

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1. winasityvaoba

dResdReisobiT, TiTqmis yvela bunebriv resursze gavlenas axdens

dabinZureba sxvadasxva intensivobiT. zedapiruli wylebis xarisxi

mudmivad uaresdeba da kidev ufro meti sirTulea mosalodneli

wylis resursebis sxvadasxva komponentebze klimatis cvlilebis

SesaZlo gavlenis gamo. yvela uaryofiTi gavlena gamowveulia

adamianTa moqmedebebiT da aseve bunebrivi movlenebiT. amitom, yvela am

sakiTxis gaTvaliswinebiT, saWiroa monitoringis programidan miRebul

zust monacemebze dayrdnobiT dauyovneblivi zomebis miReba imisaTvis,

rom SevinarCunoT wylis resursebis Sesabamisi raodenoba da xarisxi

rogorc axlandeli, ise momavali TaobisaTvis. es kidev ufro cxadia

transsasazRvro mdinaris auzisaTvis rogoricaa mdinare mtkvris auzi.

1.1 emp-s safuZveli

sabWoTa kavSiris daSlamde, wylis sakiTxebis marTva (maT Soris

zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis monitoringi transsasazRvro

mdinareebze) samxreT kavkasiis qveynebSi pirdapir xorcieldeboda

sabWoTa mTavrobis mier miRebuli gadawyvetilebebis safuZvelze. 1991w.

sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg samxreT kavkasiaSi iyo

transsasazRvro mdinareebis monitoringis seriozuli deficiti.

problemis gadawyvetis gzebi gansazRvrulia rogorc evrokavSiris

wylis CarCo direqtivaSi (2000/60/EC), aseve gaeros ekonomikuri komisiis

evropisaTvis konvenciaSi - “transsasazRvro mdinareebis da

saerTaSiriso tbebis dacvis da mdgradi gamoyenebis konvencia”.

(helsinki 1992).

helsinkis 1992w. konvencias xeli moawera azerbaijanma, magram

saqarTvelo da somxeTi jer kidev ganixilaven konvenciaze xelis

moweris sakiTxs. konvenciaze xelmoweriT mTavroba aseve xels awers

aucilebeli transsasazRvro monitoringis programis Seqmnas da aseve

informaciis gaziarebas mezobeli qveynebisaTvis.

erTiani monitoringis programisaTvis am proeqtis farglebSi arCeuli

strategia ZiriTadad efuZneboda evrokavSiris saxelmZRvanelo

dokuments #7 -“monitoringi wylis CarCo direqtivis farglebSi” da

gaeros ekonomikuri komisia evropisaTvis saxelmZRvanelos -

“transsasazRvro mdinareebis da tbebis minitoringis da Sefasebis

saxelmZRvanelo”.

orives mizania transsasazRvro mdinareebis ekologiuri mdgomareobis

gaumjobeseba da monacemebis da informaciis miwodeba gadawyvetilebis

mimRebi pirebisaTvis saWiroebisamebr (Sedareba, Tvalyuris devneba,

ganmeoreba).

mdinare mtkvris auzSi zedapiruli wylis ekologiuri statusi unda

Sefasdes biologiuri xarisxis elementebis monacemebiT

hidromorfologiuri da qimiuri xarisxis elementebis mxardaWeriT.

Tumca, im faqtis gamo, rom proeqtis qveynebSi jer ar aris

ganviTarebuli SesaZleblobebi biologiuri monitoringisaTvis,

mxolod fizikuri da qimiuri determinantebi iqna arCeuli erTiani

monitoringis programaSi mdinare mtkvris auzisaTvis. miuxedavad amisa,

am etapobrivma midgomam, mdinare mtkvris auzisaTvis erTiani

monitoringis programis gansasazRvrad, romelic amJamad

6


fokusirebulia mxolod wylis xarisxis SezRudul qimiur

elementebze (seleqcia efuZneba wyalTan dakavSirebul mniSvnelovan

sakiTxebs transsasazRvro doneze) kargad gansazRvruli xarisxis

uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis elementebiT, SesaZloa mogvces SedarebiTi

monacemebi da daexmaros sam qveyanas praqtikaSi gamoiyenos

mniSvnelovani elementebi gadawyvetilebis miRebisas (urTierTndoba da

sando monacemebi da informacia wylis resursebTan dakavSirebiT).

1.2 emp-is miznebi

proeqti ZiriTadad mimarTuli iyo mdinare mtkvris auzSi

transsasazRvro zedapirul wylebTan dakavSirebuli saerTo

aqtivobebis ganxorcielebisaken.

• ori ZiriTadi mizani proeqtSi monawile qveynebis da evrokomiis

SeTanxmebis Sesabamisad aris Semdegi: proeqtis qveynebis mier

gamoyenebuli monitoringis saSualebebis, meTodebis da

procedurebis harmonizeba,

• transsasazRvro TanamSromlobis da sanapiros mflobeli

qveynebis urTierTndobis xelSewyoba.

am moxsenebaSi aRwerili moqmedebebi dakavSirebulia me-2 komponentTan:

monitoringi da moqmedeba 2.1: erTiani savele monitoringi/gamokvlevebi

arCeul adgilebSi transasazRvro TanamSromlobisaTvis

gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobis miniWebiT.

2. emp-s aRwera

2.1 monawile laboratoriebi

sinjis aReba moxda erToblivad sami laboratoriis kvalificiuri

specialistebis mier (mtkvris proeqtis mTavari eqspertebi

akvirdebodnen sinjis aRebis mTels process) da sinjebi gaigzavna sam

laboratoriaSi:

• garemos dabinZurebis monitoringis departementis laboratoria

(saqarTvelo),

• garemoze gavlenis monitoringis centris laboratoria (somxeTi)

da

• garemos erovnuli monitoringis departamentis laboratoria

(azerbaijani).

es laboratoriebi pasuxismgebelni arian qveynebSi zedapiruli

wylebis xarisxis monitoringisTvis saWiro aqtivobebze erovnul da

transsasazRvro doneze.

proeqtis partniorebis SeTanxmebis Sesabamisad, erToblivad aRebuli

wylis sinjebi Tanabrad gaiyo zemoTxsenebul sam mxares Soris da

SeTanxmebuli meTodebis gamoyenebiT analizisaTvis maTi

transportireba moxda aRniSnul laboratoriebSi.

2.2 sinjis aRebis adgilebi

sinjis aRebis adgilebis arCeva moxda im kriteriumebis gamoyenebiT,

romlebic dakavSirebulia zedapiruli wylebis transsasazRvro

monitoringTan (evrokavSiris wylis CarCo direqtiva 2000) da erTiani

monitoringis aqtivobebis wina gamocdilebasTan, rac ganxorcielda

7


proeqtis beneficiarebis mier 2006-2007 wlebSi USAID-is samxreT

kavkasiis wylis proeqtis farglebSi (USAID 2007).

sinjebi aRebul iqna sinjis aRebis 2 adgilas TviTon mdinare

mtkvridan da Svidi sinjis aRebis adgilidan SenakadebTan (ix. cxrili

1).

cxrili 1 sinjis adgilebis CamonaTvali emp-sTvis

River Name Town/LocationName

Latitude Longitude Altitude

d.m.s. d.m.s.

m

1. Kura Kesalo (GE) 41°21’55’’ 45°04’08’’ 267

2. Kura Shykhly (AZ) 41°18’46’’ 45°07’43’’ 235

3. Debed Ayrum (AM) 41°13’16.7’’ 44°53’0.02’’ 463

4. Debed Ayrum/hydrostation (AM)

5. Debed Sadakhlo (GE) 41°14’56’’ 44°48’27’’ 416

6. Khrami Imiri (GE) 41°24´16’’ 44°50´02’’ 330

7. Khrami Red Bridge (GE) 41°20’00’’ 45°04’03’’ 267

8. Alazani Shakriani (GE) 41°59’00’’ 45°35’00’’ 355

9. Alazani Agrichai (AZ)

mdinaris qalaqi/adgilis ganedi grZedi maRlobi

dasaxeleba dasaxeleba

1. mtkvari qesalo (saq.) 41 0 21’ 55” 45 0 04’ 08” 267

2. mtkvari Sixli (azer.) 41 0 18’ 46” 45 0 07’ 43” 235

3. debeda airumi (som.) 41 0 13’ 16.7” 44 0 53’ 0.02” 463

4. debeda airumi/hidro

sadg. (som.)

5. debeda sadaxlo (saq.) 41 0 14’ 56” 44 0 48’ 27” 416

6. xrami imiri (saq.) 41 0 24’ 16” 44 0 50’ 02” 330

7. xrami wiT. xidi (saq.) 41 0 20’ 00” 44 0 04’ 23” 267

8. alazani Saqriani (saq.) 41 0 59’ 00” 45 0 35’ 00” 355

9. alazani agriCai (azer)

sinjis aRebis adgilebi SeTanxmebul iqna mdinare mtkvris auzis

erTiani monitoringis programis beneficiarebis mier (ix. cxrili 1 da

aseve TandarTuli ruqa danarTSi 1).

proeqtis qveynebis SeTanxmebis Sesabamisad TiToeuli adgilidan

wylis sinjis aReba moxda kvartalurad (weliwadSi 4 sinji TiToeuli

adgilidan - dawyebuli 2009 wlis aprilis dasawyisidan dasrulebuli

2010 wlis dekemberSi. ix cxrili 2) da is asaxavda wylis nakadis

sezonur da bunebriv aspeqtebs (ganixileba mdinaris minimaluri da

maqsimaluri nakadi da vegetaciis periodi) teritoriidan Camonadenisa

da wyalSekreb farTobis klimaturi pirobebis.

8


cxrili 2.

sinjis aRebis RonisZiebebi da adgilebi

Date of sampling event Sampling sites Remark

1 st Sampling – April 7,2009 1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7

High river flow conditions due to

precipitation and snow melting

2 nd Sampling – June 2, 2009 1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 Normal river flow conditions

3 rd Sampling – September 2, 2009 1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 Low river flow conditions

4 th Sampling – December 2, 2009 1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 Low river flow conditions

5 th Sampling – March 17-18, 2010 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9

Very high river flow conditions due

6 th Sampling – June 1-2, 2010 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9

to precipitation and snow melting

High river flow conditions due to

precipitation

7 th Sampling – September 7-8, 2010 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9 Normal river flow conditions

8 th Sampling – December 1-2, 2010 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9 Low river flow conditions

sinjis aRebis TariRi sinjis aRebis adgili SeniSvna

1-li sinjis aReba -

7aprili, 2009

1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 mdinaris Camonadeni

wyaluxvis pirobebSi

naleqis da Tovlis

dnobis gamo

me-2 sinjis aReba - 2

ivnisi, 2009

1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 mdinaris normaluri

Camonadeni

me-3 sinjis aReba - 2

seqtemberi, 2009

1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 mdinaris Camonadeni

wyalmcirobis pirobebSi

me-4 sinjis aReba - 2 1; 2; 3; 5; 6; 7 mdinaris Camonadeni

dekemberi, 2009

me-5 sinjis aReba - 17-18

marti, 2010

me-6 sinjis aReba - 1-2

ivnisi, 2010

me-7 sinjis aReba - 7-8

seqtemberi, 2010

me-8 sinjis aReba - 1-2

dekemberi, 2010

wyalmcirobis pirobebSi

1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9 mdinaris Camonadeni

Zalian Zlieri

wyaluxvis pirobebSi

naleqis da Tovlis

dnobis gamo

1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9 mdinaris Zlieri dineba

naleqis gamo

1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9 mdinaris normaluri

Camonadeni

1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 7; 8;9 mdinaris Camonadeni

wyalmcirobis pirobebSi

2.2.1 sinjis aRebis meTodi

sinjis damuSavebisas gamoyenebul iqna standartizebuli meTodebi ISO

5667-6, ISO 5667-2, ISO 5667-14, da ISO 5667-3 Sesabamisad.

mosamzadebeli samuSaoebi sinjis aRebamde

sinjis aRebis erovnuli jgufis wevrebma uzrunvelyves sinjis aRebis

dagegmil RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli yvela saWiro formaluri da

praqtikuli moqmedeba. kerZod, jgufis wevrebs moeTxovebodaT:

• Sesabamis adgilobriv xelmZRvanelobasTan dakavSireba sinjis

aRebis mizniT teritoriaze Sesvlis nebarTvis asaRebad;

• dagegmili samuSaos Sesasruleblad aRWurvilobis da saWiro

raodenobiT sinjis konteinerebis momzadeba (sakontrolo

sinjebis etiketebiT) qimiuri nivTierebebis CaTvliT sinjebis

9


SenarCunebisaTvis/dafiqsirebisTvis (ix. cxrili 3). sakontrolo

CamonaTvali (ix. danarTi 2) Seivso da waredgina Sesabamis

eqsperts sinjis aRebis dawyebamde TiToeuli sinjis amRebi

jgufis mier.

cxrili 3. sinjis asaRebad saWiro aRWurviloba da masalebi

Item Description Responsible

Cars

Portable refrigerators

with cooling inserts

(or cooling boxes)

Water sampler

Sample containers for

water with field sample

labels

Distilled water, liquid

soup for cleaning

Portable analytical

equipment (Multiprobe

DataSonde)

GPS (if available)

Transport of the teams and equipments;

transport of samples to the laboratories

Transport of water samples

Sampling in a distance of ca. 2-3 m from shore

or in the middle of the river

Containers: 1 litre plastic or glass bottle with

narrow neck and stopper polypropylene 500 ml

with Suprapur nitric acid for fixation (and/or

other conservation agents)

On-site cleaning of sampling equipment/

bottles etc.; plastic containers and samplers

In situ measurement of T, pH, O2, O2

saturation, conductivity and turbidity

Exact sampling sites position

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

Selected laboratories

of the project countries

erTeuli aRwera pasuxismgebloba

avtomanqanebi

jgufis da aRWurvilobis

transportireba;

sinjebis transportireba

laboratoriebSi;

portatuli macivrebi wylis sinjebis transportireba

gamagrilebeli seqciiT

(an gamagrilebeli

yuTebi)

batometri

wylis sinjis

konteinerebi savele

sinjis etiketiT

distilirebuli wyali

da Txevadi saponi

gasawmendad

portatuli saanalizo

aRWurviloba

(mravalwertilovani

xelsawyo)

sinjis aReba daaxloebiT 2-3 metris

daSorebiT napiridan, an mdinaris

Sua nawilidan

konteinerebi

- 1l plastmasis an minis boTli

viwro yeliT da sacobiT

polipropileni 500ml azotmJavasTan

erTad fiqsaciisaTvis (da/an sxva

konservanti)

adgilze sinjis aRebis

mowyobilobebis/boTlebis da a.S.

gawmenda; plastmasis konteinerebi

da sinjis asaRebi xelsawyoebi

T, pH, O2, O2-iT gajerebis,

gamtarunarianobis da simRrivis

gazomva adgilze

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

10


GPS (Tu

xelmisawvdomia)

sinjis aRebis adgilis zusti

mdebareoba

proeqtis qveynebis

arCeuli

laboratoriebi

2.3 determinantebis CamonaTvali

zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis determinantebis SerCeva moxda mdinare

mtkvris auzSi wyalTan dakavSirebiT identificirebuli problemebis

safuZvelze da SeTanxmebuli iyo beneficiarebis mier. erTiani

monitoringis programis dros myari nawilakebis raodenobis

gamosaTvlelad gadawyda wylis Camonadenis damateba

determinantebisaTvis. determinantTa CamonaTvali mocemulia cxrilSi

4.

cxrili 4 emp-s dros gamoyenebuli determinantebis CamonaTvli

Determinand

Unit

Principle level

of interest*

Tolerance

River flow (in situ) m 3 /s - 5%

Temperature (in situ) °C 0 - 25 0,1

Dissolved Oxygen (in situ) mg/l 6 10%

Oxygen saturation (in situ) % - 10%

pH (in situ) 7,5 0,1

Conductivity @ 20 °C (in situ) μS/cm 300 10%

Transparency (in situ) -

Total suspended Solids mg/l 10 20%

BOD 5 mg/l 5 20%

COD Cr mg/l 25 20%

Ammonium (NH 4 -N mg/l 0,3 20%

Nitrate (NO 3 -N) mg/l 3 20%

Phosphates (PO 4 -P) mg/l 0,1 20%

Arsenic μg /l 5 20%

Cadmium μg /l 10 20%

Copper μg /l 20 20%

Nickel μg /l 20 20%

Lead μg /l 7 20%

Zink μg /l 100 20%

Molybdenum μg /l 20 20%

Iron mg/l 0,5 20%

Manganese mg/l 0,5 20%

Petroleum products mg/l 0,05 20%

Phenols index mg/l 0,02 20%

determinanti erTeuli maCveneblis

tolerantoba

ZiriTadi done*

mdinaris

m 3 /wm - 5%

Camonadeni(adgilze)

temperatura °C 0 - 25 0,1

(adgilze)

gaxsnili Jangbadi

(adgilze)

mg/l 6 10%

11


JangbadiT gajereba % - 10%

(adgilze)

pH (adgilze) 7,5 0,1

gamtaroba @ 20 °C μS/sm 300 10%

(adgilze)

gamWirvaloba

(adgilze)

-

Sewonili myari mg/l 10 20%

nawilakebi srulad

Jbm 5 (BOD 5) mg/l 5 20%

Jangbadis qimiuri mg/l 25 20%

moTxovnileba

amoniumi (NH 4 -N) mg/l 0,3 20%

nitrati (NO 3 -N) mg/l 3 20%

fosfatebi(PO 4 -P) mg/l 0,1 20%

dariSxani μg/l 5 20%

kadmiumi μg/l 10 20%

spilenZi μg/l 20 20%

nikeli μg/l 20 20%

tyvia μg/l 7 20%

TuTia μg/l 100 20%

molibdeni μg/l 20 20%

rkina mg/l 0,5 20%

magniumi mg/l 0,5 20%

navTobproduqtebi mg/l 0,05 20%

fenolis indeqsi mg/l 0,02 20%

* maCveneblebi efuZneba wylis kargi xarisxis limitebs, romelic

mocemulia samuSao dokumentSi “zedapiruli wylebis wylis xarisxis

klasifikacia sapiloto mdinaris auzebSi” (evrokavSiris mtkvris

proeqti 2009)

laboratoriebis mier adgilze gazomvebisaTvis da laboratoriuli

analizisaTvis gamoyenebuli meTodebi mocemulia danarTSi 5.

2.4 xarisxis kontrolis sistemis elementebi

mopovebuli monacemebis sizustis da saerTo sandoobis

uzrunvelsayofad yvela monawile laboratoriis mier gamoyenebuli

unda iyos xarisxis kontrolis gamWirvale da kargad gansazRvruli

procedurebi. amitom erTiani monitoringis programis

ganxorcielebisas warmodgenili iyo xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/

kontrolis ramdenime elementi, rogorc es aRwerilia qvemoT.

2.4.1. xarisxis kontrolis sistemis elementebis analizi monawile

laboratoriebSi

erTiani monitoringis proeqtSi CarTuli sami laboratoriis mier

gamoyenebuli xarisxis marTvis sistemis (xms) analizze dayrdnobiT

aRmoCnda, rom laboratoriebSi arsebobs xarisxis

12


uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis deficiti da masTan dakavSirebuli

mcireodeni xarvezebi.

sam laboratoriaSi xarisxis marTvis sistemis ganxorcielebis

arsebul mdgomareobasTan dakavSirebiT gamovlinda Semdegi:

• samive laboratoria Seiqmna saxelmwifo kanonmdeblobis

safuZvelze, raTa ganexorcielebina zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis

marTva da Sefaseba (zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis programebis da

dokumentebis ganaxleba xdeba yovelwliurad);

• arc erT laboratorias oficialurad ar warmoudgenia xarisxis

marTvis sistema (Tumca ukve gamoiyeneba xms-s zogierTi elementi);

• arc erTi muSaki ar aris pirdapir pasuxismgebeli xarisxis marTvis

sistemaze (garda saqarTvelosa) da ar gauvlia xms treningi;

• laboratoriis CanawerTa sistema ar aris formalizebuli 3

laboratoriaSi (Tumca zogierTi Canaweri Senaxulia);

• standartizebuli meTodebi da procedurebi gamoiyeneba da inaxeba

originalis saxiT, magram standartuli operaciebis procedurebi

Seqmnilia mxolod saqarTvelos laboratoriis mier.

• Sida xarisxis kontroli ar aris formalizebuli romelime

laboratoriaSi da gare xarisxis kontroli (laboratoriaTaSorisi

analizi) emyareba mxolod saerTaSiroso proeqtebs;

• sazomi da saanalizo aRWurviloba periodulad mowmdeba da

utardeba kalibracia da Canawerebi inaxeba;

• ar aris raime formaluri sistema koreqtivebis Sesatanad, rodesac

romelime 3 laboratoriaSi adgili aqvs raime Seusabamobas;

• ar aris swavlebis formaluri gegma sinjis amRebi da

laboratoriis personalisaTvis

aqedan gamomdinare, laboratoriebis dasaxmareblad, raTa maT

gaaumjobeson xarisxis marTvis sistema, proeqtis partniorebi

SeTanxmdnen CaerToT xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis zogierTi

elementi erTiani monitoringis progrmaSi, rac ZiriTadad mimarTuli

iyo sinjis damuSavebis, gare kontrolis analizis da monacemTa

angariSis momzadebisaken.

2.4.2 emp-is dros damatebuli xarisxis kontrolis sistemis elementebi

sakontrolo sinjebi

sakontrolo sinjebi Segrovda da maTi analizi moxda sinjis aRebis

procesis xarisxis ZiriTadi kontrolis saxiT. sakontrolo sinjebi

moicavda Tanabrad ganawilebul sufTa wyals, romelic damuSavebuli

iyo Tanmimdevrulad sinjis aRebis sistemis TiToeuli komponentis

gaTvaliswinebiT. sakontrolo sinjma gamoavlina saerTo dabinZurebis

maCvenebeli (gadaxra), romelic arsebobda sinjSi (sakontrolo sinji

iyo distilirebuli/deionizirebuli wyali, romelsac sinjebis

aRebamde Cautarda Semowmeba sisufTaveze da qonda sisufTavis

damadasturebeli mowmoba).

paraleluri analogebi

zedapiruli wylebis wylis sinjebi Segrovda paraleluri analogebis

saxiT. wylis sinji gaiyo erovnul sinjis amReb sam jgufs Soris da

13


aseve adgilze Cautarda gazomvebi (rac ganxorcielda erTidaimave

dros) arCeul determinantebze.

laboratoriaTaSorisi Semowmeba

rogorc mdinare mtkvris auzis erTiani monitoringis programis

Semadgeneli nawili, 4 laboratoriaTaSorisi Semowmeba ganxorcielda

xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis sistemis xelSesawyobad. es

Semowmeba moicavda standartuli wylis sinjebis analizs, romlebic

moamzada erovnulma sacdelma laboratoriam slovakeTSi arCeuli

parametrebisaTvis (PO4, NH4, NO3 da eqvsi mZime liToni - As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb

and Zn). standartuli sinjebi miewoda erTiani monitoringis programis

laboratoriebs da standartuli wylis sinjebis analizis Semdeg

Sedegebi Seafasa erovnulma sacdelma laboratoriam slovakeTSi.

erovnuli sacdeli laboratoria (esl) akreditirebulia ILAC G 13:2007

slovakeTis erovnuli akreditaciis samsaxuris mier saregistracio

nomriT No. 059/T-005, rom ganaxorcielos wylis sinjebis analizis

laboratoriaTaSorisi Semowmebebi.

wylis paraleluri sinjebi

sinjis aRebis oTxi RonisZiebis dros sami adgilidan aRebuli wylis

sinjebi miewoda wylebis erovnul sacdel laboratorias

bratislavaSi, raTa Catarebuliyo paraleluri sakontrolo analizi

mZime liTonebze (As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn). Sedegebi gamoyenebul iqna

monawile laboratoriebis mier mZime liTonebis Sesaxeb mopovebuli

monacemebis sizustis Sesafaseblad konkretuli sinjis aRebis dros.

am SefasebisaTvis gamoangariSebul iqna e.w. fardobiTi procentuli

sxvaobis maCvenebeli (fps - RPD)

RPD = (NRL-country)*100

(NRL+country)/2)

fps= (erovn. sacdeli lab.-qveyana)*100

(erovn. sacdeli lab. +qveyana/2)

sadac bratislavas erovnul sacdel laboratoriaSi miRebuli mZime

liTonebis koncentraciis maCveneblebi Seadares sami monawile

laboratoriis monacemebs.

monacemebis Sesaxeb angariSis gakeTeba

qimiuri analizis Sedegebis angariSi momzadda laboratoriebis mier

qimiuri analizis damtkicebuli oqmis SeTanxmebuli formatiT, sinjis

aRebis oqmebis CaTvliT. angariSi momzadda proeqtis qveynebis

jgufebis pasuxismgebeli wevris mier. oqmi moicavda Semdeg

informacias: sinjis aRebis adgilis gansazRvra, sinjis aRebis TariRi,

analizis TariRi, analizis Sedegebi individualurad TiToeuli

determinantisaTvis determinantis dasaxelebis mkafio gansazRvriT da

gamovlenis zRvaris qvemoT arsebuli maCveneblis miTiTeba (Tu aseTi

arsebobs), sinjis aRebis cdomilebis identificireba, Tu moxda

sakontrolo sinjebis analizi. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba eqceoda

faqts, rom yvela monacemis mowodeba momxdariyo Sesabamis

14


metamonacemTan erTad, raTa SesaZlebeli yofiliyo maTi Sedareba da

ganmeoreba.

2.5 raodenobis gamoTvlis Sefasebis procedura

gadawyvetilebis mimRebi pirebisaTvis da dagegmvis miznebisTvis, aseve

Zalian mniSvnelovania vicodeT da ganvsazRvroT zogadad mdinaris

wylis xarisxisaTvis mdinaris auzis sxvadasxva nawilSi dabinZurebis

raodenobrivi wili monitoringis konkretul sadgurze. dabinZurebis

raodenobis gamosaTvlelad aucilebeli iyo rogorc mdinaris

Camonadenis, ise wylis xarisxis determinantebis gazomva erTdroulad.

erTiani monitoringis programis farglebSi mdinaris dineba da wylis

xarisxis determinantebi gaizoma sinjis aRebis or adgilas mdinare

alazanze (alazani-Saqriani (saqarTvelo) da alazani-agriCai

(azerbaijani) da sinjis aRebis erT adgilas mdinare debedaze (debedaairumis

hidro sadguri)).

mdinareebSi mZime liTonebis raodenobis gamosaTvlelad gamoyenebuli

iyo Semdegi formula:

L (kg/day) = Q (m 3 /s) x Mean c (mg/m 3 ) x 60 x 60 x 24

L (kg/dRe) = Q (m 3 /wm) x saSualo c (mg/m 3 ) x 60 x 60 x 24.

3. erTiani monitoringis programis Sedegebis prezentacia

3.1 sinjis aRebis procesis Sefaseba

sinjis aRebamde, jgufis wevrebma miiRes sinjis aRebis dagegmil

moqmedebebTan dakavSirebuli yvela aucilebeli formaluri da

praqtikuli zoma, rogorc es gansazRvrulia da damtkicebulia sinjis

aRebis RonisZiebebis CamonaTvalSi qveynis warmomadgenlebis mier.

sinjis aRebis scenari SemuSavda sinjis aRebamde 10 dRiT adre da

miewoda sinjis amReb samive jgufs, sadac mocemuli iyo ganrigebi da

amocanebi sxvadasxva jgufisaTvis.

sinjis aRebis oqmSi Caiwera monacemebi (ix. sur. 1) da informacia

adgilze Catarebuli gazomvebis da sinjis aRebis adgilis

maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb. ufro metic, samive jgufma Seagrova

sakontrolo sinjebi (mtkvari-qesalo sinjis aRebis adgili) rom

SeefasebinaT sinjis damuSavebisas cdomileba (cvlilebebi wylis

sinjSi sinjis aRebidan laboratoriaSi transportirebamde).

15


sur 1 sinjis aReba emp-sTvis xrami-imiri sinjis aRebis adgilas (2 ivnisi, 2009)

wylis sinjebis Segroveba moxda ise, rogorc aRwerilia sinjis aRebis

proceduraSi.

sinjis amReb jgufebs gadaecaT da maT Seavses RonisZiebaTa Sefasebis

forma, romelic momzadda proeqtisaTvis da moicavda sinjis aRebamde

da sinjis aRebis periodTan dakavSirebul ramodenime kiTxvas.

Sevsebuli formebi gadaeca mtkvris proeqtis jgufs. Sefasebis

formaSi mocemuli informacia Sefasda da mogvianebiT, erTiani

monitoringis programis jgufebs gaegzavnaT rekomendaciebi sinjis

aRebis Semdegi RonisZiebisaTvis, raTa gaeumjobesebinaT sinjis aRebis

procesi. Semdegi daskvnebis gakeTebaa SesaZlebeli sinjis aRebis

procesis SefasebasTan dakavSirebiT mTeli emp-sTvis:

• emps-s dros ganxorcielebulma sinjis aRebis procesma miaRwia

im dones (mesame sinjis aRebis Semdeg), rodesac sinjis amRebi

samive jgufi kmayofili iyo samuSaos SesrulebiT (ix. cxrili 5);

• mosamzadebeli faza dagegmvis CaTvliT (sinjis aRebis

saxelmZRvanelo dokumenti, mxardaWeris werilebi, sakomunikacio

moqmedebebi) Sefasda rogorc Zalian kargi emp-s dasawyisSi,

ramac xeli Seuwyo sinjis aRebis procesis daubrkolebel

Sesrulebas;

• RonisZiebis dros proeqtis mTavari eqspertebis mxridan

xelmZRvaneloba da zedamxedveloba aseve dadebiTad Sefasda

monawileebis mier.

cxrili 5 sinjis aRebis procesis Sefaseba emp-s dros

16


Questions

1 st Sampling

grading

2 nd Sampling

grading

3 rd Sampling

grading

4 th Sampling

grading

1. Quality of the technical guidance notes prepared including

instructions, sampling procedures and protocols

1 1 1 1

2. Usefulness of the letters of support and invitation

letters to facilitate the border check through procedure

1,5 1,3 1,5 1,5

3. Usefulness and clarity of communications

in the preparatory phase

1,25 1,3 1,5 1,25

4. Planning of the event 1,75 1,3 1 1

5. Performance of the sampling teams 1,5 1,6 1,5 1,25

6. Transport and mobility 2 1,3 1 1,25

7. Guidance and supervision from the project key

experts during the event

1,25 1 1 1

8. reparedness of the equipment used in the field 2,5 1,6 2 1,5

9. Compliance with the agreed sampling procedure 2,25 1,6 1,75 1,5

10. Compliance with the safety rules 2 1 1,5 1,25

11. Demonstration of biological monitoring 1,75

12. OVERALL VALUE OF THE EVENT 1,75 1,3 1,25 1,25

Colour key: Green: very good Brown: good

Red: some improvements are needed for better compliance with the agreed protocol (EU standard of good practice)

kiTxvebi

1. momzadebuli teqnikuri saxelmZRvanelo

miTiTebebis xarisxi, instruqtaJis, sinjis aRebis

proceduris da oqmebis CaTvliT

2. mxardaWeris da mowvevis werilebis gamosadegoba

procedurebisas sasazRvro SemowmebaSi

dasaxmareblad

3. komunikaciis gamosadegoba da mkafiooba

mosamzadebeli fazisas

sinjis

aRebis 1-

li etapi

sinjis

aRebis me-2

etapi

sinjis

aRebis me-3

etapi

sinjis

aRebis me-4

etapi

1 1 1 1

1,5 1,3 1,5 1,5

1,25 1,3 1,5 1,25

4. RonisZiebis dagegmva 1,75 1,3 1 1

5. sinjis amRebi jgufebis mier samuSaos Sesruleba 1,5 1,6 1,5 1,25

6. transporti da mobiloba 2 1,3 1 1,25

7. RonisZiebis Catarebisas proeqtis mTavari

eqspertebis mxridan xelmZRvaneloba da

1,25 1 1 1

zedamxedveloba

8. savele pirobebSi gamoyenebuli mowyobilobebis

momzadeba

2,5 1,6 2 1,5

9. sinjis aRebis SeTanxmebul procedurasTan

Sesabamisoba

2,25 1,6 1,75 1,5

10. Sesabamisoba usafrTxoebis zomebTan 2 1 1,5 1,25

11. biologiuri monitoringis demonstrireba 1,75

12. RonisZiebis mniSvneloba 1,75 1,3 1,25 1,25

ferebis mniSvneloba: mwvane: Zalian kargi yavisferi: kargi

wiTeli: saWiroa zogierTi ramis gaumjobeseba SeTanxmebul protokolTan

SesabamisobisaTvis (evrokavSiris standarti kargi praqtikisaTvis)

3.2 mdinaris wylis xarisxis monacemebi

17


emp-dan miRebuli mdinaris wylis xarisxis monacebebi ZiriTadad

gamoyenebul iqna monitoringis meTodebis harmonizebis, qveynebs Soris

ndobis Senebis da aseve mdinare mtkvarze da mis SenakadebTan wylis

xarisxis statusis Sesaxeb codnis gaRrmavebis xelSesawyobad.

emp-s dros miRweul iqna SeTanxmeba, rom laboratoriebs gaezomaT

mdinare mtkvris 23 determinanti. rogorc suraTze 2 aris naCvenebi,

laboratoriebs qondaT garkveuli problemebi determinantTa sruli

CamonaTvalis SemowmebasTan dakavSirebiT (es gamowveuli iyo

laboratoriaSi aRWurvilobasTan, reagentebis SenaxvasTan

dakavSirebuli problemebiT da a.S).

gazomili

Number of

parametrebis

parameters measured

raodenoba

25

20

15

10

5

0

1st

event

2nd

event

3rd

event

Sedegebi: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

4th

event

5th

event

6th

event

7th

event

8th

event

Lab 3

Lab 2

Lab 1

Lab 1

Lab 2

Lab 3

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 2

lab. 1

sur 2 laboratoriebis mier gazomili wylis xarisxis parametrebi emp-s dros

3.2.1 adgilze Catarebuli gazomvebi

wylis xarisxis eqvsi determinanti (pH, T, gamtarunarianoba, gaxsnili

Jangbadi, JangbadiT gajerebuloba da simRvrive) gaizoma sinjis amRebi

samive erovnuli jgufis mier savele pirobebSi (ix. sur. 3). maT

gamoiyenes portatuli aRWurviloba, romelic Semowmda sinjis

aRebamde erTi dRiT adre da kalibraciis Sedegebi Caiwera

sakontrolo cxrilSi. erTiani gazomvebidan mopovebuli eqvsi

determinantis Sedegebi iyo 10% zRvaris farglebSi (SeTanxmebuli

rogorc misaRebi intervali) emp-s dros. aqedan gamomdinare, qimiuri

analizis aRebis oqmSi Caiwera mxolod saSualo maCveneblebi samive

laboratoriisaTvis.

18


sur 3 adgilze Catarebuli gazomvebi sinjis aRebisas emp-s dros mtkvariqesalo

sinjis aRebis adgilas

3.2.2 Jangbadis da nutrientebis mdgomareoba

gaxsnili Jangbadis Semcveloba mdinaris wyalSi gamoyenebuli iyo

indikatoris saxiT, raTa mieRoT informacia zedapiruli wylebis

xarisxze adamianTa moqmedebebis zegavlenis Sesaxeb. O 2 koncentraciis

Semcireba SesaZloa iyos gaxrwnadi organuli nivTierebebiT

dabinZurebis Sedegi da meores mxriv, mateba normis zRvaridan

SesaZloa dakavSirebuli iyos evTrofikaciis procesTan

(wyalmcenareebis Zlieri zrda). aseve BOD 5 gamoyenebuli iyo

zedapiruli wylebis biogaxrwnadi organuli nivTierebebiT

dabinZurebis indikatoris saxiT, romelsac gavlena aqvs Jangbadis

Semcvelobaze.

Jangbadis koncentraciebis gazomva moxda sinjis amRebi jgufebis mier

TviTon savele pirobebSi da maCveneblebi jgufebs Soris ar

gansxavdeboda 10% farglebSi. BOD 5 gaizoma laboratoriebSi

(inkubacia). qveynebis jgufebis mier mowodebuli BOD 5 maCveneblebi

sinjis aRebis erTi RonisZiebidan gansxvavdeboda meore

RonisZiebisagan. gamomdinare im faqtidan, rom sinjis aRebis meTodebi

iyo SeTanxmebuli da aseve gamoyenebul iqna paraleluri analogebi

wylis sinjis saxiT qveynebis mier, laboratoriuli praqtika (maT

Soris sinjis damuSaveba analizamde) gansazRvravda am gansxvavebebs.

amitom, erovnuli monitoringis jgufebma gacilebiT ufro meti

yuradReba unda miaqcion BOD 5 gazomvebTan daavSirebul uzustobebs.

Jangbadis koncentraciis maCvenebeli emp-s dros iyo 7,0mg/l-ze maRali

sinjis aRebis yvela adgilas (garda me-5 sinjis aRebis adgilisa

mdinare mtkvris auzSi Camonadeni wyaluxvis pirobebis gamo, ix. sur 4).

gaxsnili Jangbadi ufro metad asaxavda emp-s farglebSi arsebul

mdinare mtkvarsa da mis SenakadebSi bunebriv pirobebs da mdinaris

19


hidrologiur reJims, vidre adamianTa moqmedebiT gamowveul

zegavlenas.

igive mdgomareoba gamovlinda Jbm 5 maCvneblebTan dakavSirebiT, rogorc

es ilustrirebulia suraTze 5 - xrami-wiTeli xidi. Jbm 5 maCveneblema

ar gadaaWarba 3mg/l, garda 2010 wlis 2 dekembersCatarebuli bolo

gazomvisa (3,4mg/l). am dros moRebuli maRali maCveneblebi SesaZloa

dakavSirebuli iyos rogorc Camonadeni wyalmcirobis pirobebTan, aseve

wylis dabal temperaturasTan (zedapirul wylebSi Semavali

organuli damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis asimilaciis unarianobis

Semcireba)

12

O2 koncentracibi Kura-Kesalo O2 mg/l concentrations mtkvari-qesalo in mg/l

10

8

6

4

2

0

1st

event

2nd

event

3rd

event

4th

event

Sedegebi: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

5th

event

6th

event

7th

event

8th

event

Lab 3

Lab 2

Lab 1

Lab 1

Lab 2

Lab 3

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 2

lab. 1

sur 4 ganzavebuli Jangbadis koncentracis emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvariqesalo

sinjis aRebis adgilas

20


BOD BOD5 5 mg/l in mg/l xrami-wiTeli in Khrami-Red Bridge xidi

4

3,5

BOD5

3

BOD 5

BOD5 in mg/l

2,5

2

1,5

1

0,5

0

Sedegebi:1 1st event 2nd 2 event 3rd 3 event 4th 4 event 5th event 5 6th event 6 7th event 7 8th 8 event

sur 5 BOD 5 saSualo maCveneblebi xrami-wiTeli xidis monakveTSi emp-s

dros (2009-2010)

radgan mdinare mtkvris auzSi ar aris sakanalizacio wylebis

funqcionirebadi gamwmendi nagebobebi, nutrientebi miCneul

iqna, rogorc zedapiruli wylebis potenciuri damabinZureblebi, iseve

rogorc Jbm 5 . indikatorebis saxiT iqna arCeuli NH 4 , NO 3 da PO 4

imisaTvis, rom aReweraT zedapiruli wylebis xarisxi emp-s dros

nutrientebis SemcvelobasTan kavSirSi.

wylis sinjebis laboratoriebisaTvis miwodebis Semdeg qveynebis

laboratoriebSi gaizoma wylis xarisxis samive determinanti. wylis

sinjebs nutrientebis dasafiqsireblad daemata konservantebi.

im SemTxvevaSi Tu emp-s dros wylis sinjebis Sedegebi NO 3 da PO 4 -sTvis

SeiZleba ganixilos rogorc SedarebiTi (ix. sur. 6 da 7), NH 4

SemTxvevaSi gansxvaveba sakmaod didia qveynebs Soris (ix. sur. 8)

miuxedavad imisa, rom qveynebi iyenebdnen analizis erTidaimave

meTodebs NH 4 koncentraciis gansasazRvrad.

21


NO3 mg/l Kura-Kesalo mtkvari-qesalo NO3 mg/l

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

1st

event

2nd

event

3rd

event

Sedegebi: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

4th

event

5th

event

6th

event

7th

event

8th

event

Lab 1

Lab 3

Lab 1

Lab 2

Lab 3

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 1

sur. 6 NO 3 koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo sinjis

aRebis adgilebze

NO 3 , NH 4 da PO 4 koncentraciebi aris im doneebze, romlebic organuli

dabinZurebis (rogorc asaxulia Jbm 5 maCveneblebiT) msgavsad miuTiTeben

mdinaris auzze adamianTa qmedebebis zegavlenaze (mag. fosforis done

aradabinZurebul zedapirul wylebSi Cveulebriv aris daaxloebiT

0,025mg/l an naklebi). mdinare mtkvarSi zedapiruli wyali qesalos

sinjis aRebis adgilas SeiZleba daxasiaTdes rogorc nutrientebiT

mdidari wyali evTropikaciis procesis maRali potenciiT, rac

SeiZleba warmoadgendes potenciur safrTxes mdinare mtkvarze

ganlagebuli rezervuarebisaTvis. wylis xarisxis amgvari statusi

SedarebiTia mag. mdinare dunais sinjis aRebis adgilTan mdinaris Sua

adgilas da dabal nawilebSi.

22


PO4 mg/l mtkvari-qesalo

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 2

lab.1

Sedegebi: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

sur. 7 PO4 koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo sinjis

aRebis adgilebze

NH4 mg/l Kura-Kesalo mtkvari-qesalo

NH4 mg/l

1,6

1,4

1,2

1

0,8

0,6

0,4

0,2

0

1st

event

2nd

event

3rd

event

4th

event

Sedegebi: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

5th

event

6th

event

7th

event

8th

event

Lab 1

Lab 3

Lab 1

Lab 2

Lab 3

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 1

sur. 8 NH 4 koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo sinjis aRebis

adgilebze

aseve mdinare mtkvris msgavsi situaciaa mdinare xramis auzSi. meores

mxriv, mdinare alaznidan mopovebulma monacemebma uCvena, rom NH 4 , NO 3

da PO 4 koncentraciebi dabal donezea oligotropuli wylebis

msgavsad.

3.2.3 mZime liTonebis koncentracia

samTo samuSaoebi da narCenebi ganisazRvra rogorc transsasazRvo

wylebTan dakavSirebuli problema mdinare mtkvris auzis emp-s

23


dawyebisas. amitom, eqvsi mZime liToni (As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) iqna arCeuli

wylis xarisxis indikatorebad, raTa sinjis aRebis wertilebSi

gaezomaT dabinZureba zedapirul wylebSi. wylis sinjebi Segrovda

mdinare mtkvridan da misi Senakadebidan da gaiyo sam qvesinjad

(paraleluri analogebi), TiTo sinji TiToeuli laboratoriisaTvis

da sinjebi Segrovda da dafiqsirda mZime liTonebis standartuli

operaciebis proceduris (SOP) Sesabamisad. mZime liTonebis

koncentraciebis gazomva moxda qveynebis laboratoriebSi mas Semdeg,

rac wylis sinjebi miewodaT laboratoriebs. aqedan gamomdinare,

samive qveynis laboratoriebis mier Catarebuli wylis sinjis

analizebis Sedegebi unda iyos SedarebiTi, Tu cdomilebebi da

araswori mopyroba minimumamde iqneba dayvanili. Tumca, miuxedavad

imisa, rom xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis amgvari elementebi iqna

gamoyenebuli sinjis damuSavebisas, mZime liTonebTan dakavSirebuli

Sedegebi qveynebis laboratoriebs Soris gansxvavdeboda

erTmaneTisagan (ix. sur. 9), gansakuTrebiT dabali koncentraciebis

gazomvisas (es SeiZleba dakavSirebuli iyos analizis meTodis

mgrZnobelobasTan, aRmoCenis zRvarTan, gamoyenebuli saSualebebis

sisufTavesTan da a.S).

Cu Kura-Kesalo mkg/l mtkvari-qesalo

Cu in microg/l

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1st

event

2nd

event

3rd

event

4th

event

Sedegebi: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

5th

event

6th

event

7th

event

8th

event

Lab 1

Lab 3

Lab 1

Lab 2

Lab 3

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 1

sur 9 Cu koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo

mdinare mtkvarSi mZime liTonebiT dabinZurebis Sesafaseblad

aucilebeli iyo e.w “fonuri dabinZurebis” Sefaseba. mZime liTonebiT

fonuri dabinZurebis (ilustraciisaTvis ix. fonuri dabinZureba

alazani/ganixis mdinare sur. 10 da cxrili 6) Sesafaseblad

gamoyenebuli iyo statistikuri “Teoriuli log-normaluri

ganawilebis” meTodi, rac gansazRvrulia ori parametriT (saSualo

maCvenebeli μ da standartuli gadaxra σ).

24


Concentration (microg/l)

Teoriuli mrudi Cu

Theoretical curve Cu

5,0

bg

4,0

3,0

2,0

1,0

0,0

0% 50% 100%

p

sur. 10 Cu fonuri dabinZurebis Sesafasebeli Teoriuli log-normaluri

ganawilebis albaTobis funqcia

cxrili 6

mZime liTonebis koncentraciebis statistikuri

maxasiaTeblebi gamoyenebuli alazani/ganixis mdinaris

auzis fonuri dabinZurebis Sesafaseblad

Parameter/Characteristic Cd Pb As Cu Cr total Ni Zn

Detection limit (μg/l) 0,05 0,7 0,5 0,7 0,05 0,7 0,7

Number of measurements 74 74 74 74 74 74 74

Mean (μg/l) 0,06 0,78 0,84 1,31 1,44 1,62 13,0

Maximum (μg/l) 0,1 1,2 1,4 3,2 2,9 3,9 37

Standard deviation (μg/l) 0,01 0,15 0,26 0,56 0,55 1,00 8,6

C50 (μg/l) 0,051 0,72 0,75 1,12* 1,21* 1,25* 9,8*

C60 (μg/l) 0,059 0,83* 0,88* 1,34 1,51 1,54 12,1

C70 (μg/l) 0,068* 0,96 1,03 1,62 1,91 1,94 15,1

C95 (μg/l) 0,13 1,73 2,03 3,52 5,06 5,00 38

parametri/maxasiaTebeli Cd Pb As Cu Cr

saerTo

aRmoCenis zRvari (μg/l) 0,05 0,7 0,5 0,7 0,05 0,7 0,7

gazomvebis raodenoba 74 74 74 74 74 74 74

saSualo (μg/l) 0,06 0,78 0,84 1,31 1,44 1,62 13,0

maqsimaluri (μg/l) 0,1 1,2 1,4 3,2 2,9 3,9 37

standartuli

gadaxra(μg/l) 0,01 0,15 0,26 0,56 0,55 1,00 8,6

C50 (μg/l) 0,051 0,72 0,75 1,12* 1,21* 1,25* 9,8*

C60 (μg/l) 0,059 0,83* 0,88* 1,34 1,51 1,54 12,1

C70 (μg/l) 0,068* 0,96 1,03 1,62 1,91 1,94 15,1

C95 ((μg/l) 0,13 1,73 2,03 3,52 5,06 5,00 38

* fonuri dabinZureba

mdinare mtkvris auzSi mZime liTonebis koncentraciebi gacilebiT

maRali iyo fonur dabinZurebasTan SedarebiT, magram dabalia

dadebiTi statusisaTvis aucilebeli koncentraciebis zRvarze, rac am

Ni

Zn

25


etapze kargi magaliTia dunais mdinaris dacvis saerTaSoriso komisiis

midgomis (ICPDR) gamoyenebis ilustraciisaTvis. erTi gamonaklisi iyo

sinjis aRebis me-5 RonisZieba, rodesac gamovlinda Cu gacilebiT

maRali koncentracia sinjis aRebis danarCen 7 RonisZiebasTan

SedarebiT. amgvari koncentracia aixsneba mdinaris Zalian Zlieri

dinebiT mTels wyalsakreb adgilas (wylis sinjebSi Sewonili

nawilakebis da nalewis maRali Semcveloba da saerTo koncentraciebi

gaizoba emp-s dros mdinare mtkvrisaTvis).

3.3 laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevis Sedegebi

evrokavSiris mtkvris proeqtis msvlelobisas aRmoCnda, rom emp-Si

monawile laboratoriebis mier arasodes ganxorcielebula gare

sakontrolo gazomvebi laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevis saxiT.

amitom SeTanxmeba iqna miRweuli, rom emp-s dros Catarebuliyo 4

laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvleva, rac daamtkica evrokomisiam.

laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevisaTvis wylis standartuli sinjebi

moamzada bratislavas erovnulma sacdelma laboratoriam slovakeTSi

(esl-NRL).

3.3.1 wylis xarisxis gamokvleuli parametrebi

wylis xarisxis Semdegi determinantebi iqna arCeuli

laboratoriaTaSorisi gamoklvevisaTvis:

• nutrientebi- orTofosfati, amoniumi, nitrati, nitriti

• mZime liTonebi - As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn.

3.3.2 monawile laboratoriebi

mdinare mtkvris emp-Si CarTuli sami laboratoria:

1. garemoze gavlenis monitoringis centris laboratoria (somxeTi)

2. garemos erovnuli monitoringis departamentis laboratoria

(azerbaijani).

3. garemos dabinZurebis monitoringis departamentis laboratoria

(saqarTvelo),

3.3.3 Sefasebis meTodi

laboratoriis Sedegebi Seafasa slovakeTis erovnulma sacdelma

laboratoriam z-mniSvnelobis safuZvelze, romelic gamoiTvleba

Semdegi formuliT:

z = (x - X) / σ

sadac:

z - z-mniSvneloba

x - monawilis mier mowodebuli Sedegi

X - sawyisi maCvenebeli

σ - standartuli gadaxris saZiebo maCvenebeli (aq sawyisi

maCveneblis 20%)

analitikur sistemaSi, romelic kontrols eqvemdebareba, z-mniSvneloba

ganixileba rogorc:

damakmayofilebeli Tu z

26


saeWvo Tu z an

aradamakmayofilebeli Tu z 3

oTxive laboratoriaTaSorisi Sedegi Sejamebulia cxrilSi 7.

laboratoriebma erovnuli sacdeli laboratoriisagan miiRes

Sefasebis angariSebi laboratoriis mier samuSaos Sesrulebis

sertifikatTan erTad imis dasadastureblad, rom laboratoriebis

mier wylis xarisxis determinantebis gansazRvra damakmayofilebeli

iyo.

laboratoriis oTxive gamokvlevis Sedegebis Sedarebisas naTlad Cans,

rom monawile laboratoriebis mier miRweulia gaaumjobesebebi.

pirvelma laboratoriam warmatebiT gaiara aTive sacdeli

determinanti. orma laboratoriam (laboratoriebi 2 da 3) ver Caabara

gamocda, magram faqtiurad iyo Zalian axlos. gansxvavebebi Zalian

mcire aRmoCnda (gacilebiT mcire vidre 1-li, me-2 da me-3

laboratoriaTaSoris gamokvlevisas) mowodebul analitikur Sedegebs

da koncentraciebis misaReb intervals Soris. jer kidev saWiroa meti

yuradRebis gamoCena laboratoriebis 2 da 3 mxridan xarisxis

kontrolis da xarisxis marTvis mimarT. detalebis ganxilva moxda

laboratoriebTan 2 da 3.

cxrili 7 laboritoriebs Soris Catarebuli oTxi gamokvlevis

Sedegebi

Performance of Laboratory

Parameter Laboratory 1 Laboratory 2 Laboratory 3

1 st 2 nd 3 rd 4 th 1 st 2 nd 3 rd 4 th 1 st 2 nd 3 rd 4 th

Ammonium

Nitrate

Nitrite N/A N/A N/A

Orthophosphate

Heavy metals

As N/A N/A N/A N/A

Cd N/A N/A N/A N/A

Cu

Ni

Pb

Zn

laboratoriis mier samuSaos Sesruleba

parametri laboratoria 1 laboratoria 2 laboratoria 3

1-

li

me-2 me-3 me-4 1-

li

me-2 me-3 me-4 1-

li

me-2 me-3 me-4

amoniumi

nitrati

nitrati N/A N/A N/A

orTofosfati

mZime liTonebi

As N/A N/A N/A N/A

Cd N/A N/A N/A N/A

Cu

Ni

27


Pb

Zn

mwvane: gaiara kontroli

wiTeli: ver gaiara kontroli

N/A: ar aris analizi Catarebuli

3.4 sakontrolo sinjebis Sedegebi

sakontroli sinjebi Segrovda da Cautarda analizi sinjis aRebis

procesis xarisxis ZiriTadi kontrolis Sesabamisad. sakontrolo

sinji iyo distilirebuli/deionizirebuli wyali sisufTavis

sertifikatiT. gamocdilebam aCvena, rom uzustobebis Semcireba sinjis

aRebis dros uaRresad mniSvnelovania wylis monitoringis programebis

optimizaciisaTvis. aqedan gamomdinare, iseTi midgomis Semotana,

rogoricaa sakontrolo sinji, mniSvnelovani iyo emp-sTvis, raTa

momxdariyo sinjis aRebis procesTan dakavSirebuli uzustobebis ukeT

gageba. faqtiurad amgvari midgoma laboratoriebma gamoiyenes

pirvelad.

sakontrolo sinjebi damuSavda emp-s sinjis aRebis rvave

SemTxvevisTvis. sinjis aRebis pirveli da meore RonisZiebebis

Sedegebma aCvena, rom sinjis damuSavebis dros aris mZime liTonebiT

wylis sinjis dabinZurebis ramdenime wyaro. wylis sinjSi mZime

liTonebis koncentraciebis gamoTvla moxda 10%-ian donemde (mag. Cd

70% pirveli sinjis aRebisas 1-li laboratoriisaTvis). miuxedavad

amisa, momdevno eqvsma sinjis aRebis RonisZiebam ar aCvena wylis

sinjis dabinZureba mZime liTonebiT (maCvenebeli iyo gamovlenis

zRvaris qvemoT). amgvari progresis miRweva ZiriTadad moxda

gazomvebis warmodgeniT rogorc sinjis aRebamde (sinjis aRebis

mzaobis kontroli), ise sinjis aRebis fazaSi (sinjis aRebis

proceduris mkacri dacva). ufro metic, amgvar Sedegebze dayrdnobiT

SeiZleba davaskvnaT, rom sinjis aRebis procesma emp-sTvis miaRwia

dones, sadac uzustobebi cnobilia da mcirea da laboratoriebma

fokusireba unda moaxdinon gazomvebis dros uzustobebis Semcirebaze

emp-s analitikuri nawilisas.

3.5. wylis paraleluri sinjebis analizis Sedegebi

rogorc xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrols sistemis nawili, sinjis

aRebis sami adgilidan wylis sinjebi moewoda erovnul sacdel

laboratorias bratislavaSi wylis am sinjebSi mZime liTonebis (As,

Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) paraleluri sakontrolo analizis Casatareblad.

wylis sinjis paraleluri analizidan mopovebuli Sedegebi

gamoyenebul iqna konkretuli sinjis aRebis dros monawile

laboratoriebis mier mZime liTonebze formulirebuli monacemebis

sizustis Sesafaseblad.

am mizniT, gamoiTvala e.w. fardobiTi procentuli sxvaoba, sadac

Seadares bratislavas erovnuli sacdeli laboratoriis da sami

monawile laboratoriis mier miRebuli mZime liTonebis

koncentraciis maCveneblebi.

zogadad dabali fardobiTi procentuli sxvaoba miuTiTebs gacilebiT

zust gazomvaze. am monacemebis Sedarebisas naTlad SeiZleba daskvnis

gamotana, rom erovnuli sacdeli laboratoriidan (esl) miRebuli

28


monacemebi zustia da swori (esl aris akreditirebuli laboratoria)

da rom igive wylidan iyo aRebuli sinji, romlis analizic unda

gaekeTebinaT monawile laboratoriebs (paraleluri analogebi),

gamoyenebuli iyo sinjis aRebis igive procedura da Sesabamisad

laboratoriis Sedegebi unda yofiliyo SedarebiTi.

sailustracio, meoTxe sinjis aRebis RonisZiebis Sedegebi (dekemberi

2009) moyvanilia cxrilebSi 8-10 da sur. 10. am Sedegebidan Cans, rom

gansxvaveba arsebobs mZime liTonebis koncentraciebis monacemebTan

dakavSirebiT emp-Si monawile laboratoriebs da slovakeTis esl-is

mier wylis sinjebze Catarebul sakontrolo analizis Sedegebs

Soris. me-2 da me-3 laboratoriebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

maCveneblebi mxolod periodulad aris 20% dabali (es maCvenebeli -

20%- SeiZleba zogadad Sefasdes rogorc gazomvis misaRebi sizuste,

Tu gaviTvaliswinebT monawile laboratoriebis xarisxis

uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis sistemas).

cxrili 8 mZime liTonebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

gamoTvlili maCveneblebi debeda-airumisaTvis (sinjis aRebis me-4

RonisZieba, dekemberi 2009). muqad: gazomvis misaRebi sizuste

Sampling site/laboratory Relative Percentage Difference in %

Debed-Ayrum As Cd Cu Ni Pb Zn

Laboratory - 1 2,7 -17,1 14,7 0,0 94,9 17,9

Laboratory - 2 -51,2 -12,8 0,0 154,7

Laboratory - 3 19,4 -142,9 -43,9 -46,8

sinjis aRebis

adgili/laboratoria fardobiTi procentuli sxvaoba %

debeda-airumi As Cd Cu Ni Pb Zn

laboratoria - 1 2,7 -17,1 14,7 0,0 94,9 17,9

laboratoria-2 -51,2 -12,8 0,0 154,7

laboratoria-3 19,4 -142,9 -43,9 -46,8

cxrili 9 mZime liTonebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

gamoTvlili maCveneblebi mtkvari-SixlisaTvis (sinjis aRebis me-4

RonisZieba, dekemberi 2009). muqad: gazomvis misaRebi sizuste

Sampling site/laboratory Relative Percentage Difference in %

Kura-Shykhly As Cd Cu Ni Pb Zn

Laboratory - 1 0,0 0,0 20,6 8,3 28,1 13,3

Laboratory - 2 -40,0 -36,7 0,0 85,7

Laboratory - 3 -78,4 -150,0 -79,1 -63,8

sinjis aRebis

adgili/laboratoria fardobiTi procentuli sxvaoba %

mtkvari-Sixli As Cd Cu Ni Pb Zn

laboratoria - 1 0,0 0,0 20,6 8,3 28,1 13,3

laboratoria-2 -40,0 -36,7 0,0 85,7

laboratoria-3 -78,4 -150,0 -79,1 -63,8

29


cxrili 10 mZime liTonebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

gamoTvlili maCveneblebi mtkvari-qesalosaTvis (sinjis aRebis me-4

RonisZieba, dekemberi 2009). muqad: gazomvis misaRebi sizuste

Sampling site/laboratory Relative Percentage Difference in %

Kura-Kesalo As Cd Cu Ni Pb Zn

Laboratory - 1 12,8 133,3 25,0 -18,2 80,0 94,1

Laboratory - 2 -82,4 -70,3 0,0 42,4

Laboratory - 3 -118,2 -155,6 -112,5 35,3

sinjis aRebis

adgili/laboratoria fardobiTi procentuli sxvaoba %

mtkvari-qesalo As Cd Cu Ni Pb Zn

laboratoria - 1 12,8 133,3 25,0 -18,2 80,0 94,1

laboratoria-2 -82,4 -70,3 0,0 42,4

laboratoria-3 -118,2 -155,6 -112,5 35,3

1-li laboratoriis SemTxvevaSi mdgomareoba gansxvavebulia wylis

sakontrolo sinjebis monacemebTan Sedarebisas. mZime liTonebis

monacemebi miRebuli 1-li laboratoriidan da erovnuli sacdeli

laboratoriidan sakmaod Seesabameba erTmaneTs (ix. sur. 11). es

monacemebi SeiZleba miuTiTebdes, rom laboratoriam-1 gamoiyena

xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis zogierTi elementi praqtikaSi.

mZime liTonebi Debed-Ayrum debeda-airumi

Heavy metals

60

concentrations in

microg/l

koncentraciebi

mkg/l

50

40

30

20

10

0

As

Cd

Cu

Ni

Pb

Zn

Lab-3

Lab-2

Lab-1

NRL- Debed /Ayrum/

NRL- Debed /Ayrum/

Lab-1

Lab-2

Lab-3

esl-debedi/airumi

lab. 1

lab. 2

lab. 3

lab. 3

lab. 2

lab.1

esl-debedi/airumi

sur. 11 mZime liTonebis Sedegebi miRebuli wylis sinjebis

paraleluri analizidan debeda-airumis sinjis aRebis adgilisaTvis

(dekemberi 2009)

3.6 raodenobis Sefasebis Sedegebi

umravles situaciaSi, mdinareSi arsebuli nivTierebis raodenobis

Sefaseba moiTxovs sinjis aRebis programas, romelic specialurad

iqneba Seqmnili am miznisaTvis. emp-s SemTxvevaSi mizani iyo mdinareSi

30


arsebuli nivTierebebis raodenobis gamoTvlis proceduris

ilustrireba. mdinaris dinebis gasavalis da sinjis aRebis adgilebis

gazomva moxda erTdroulad (alazani-Saqriani, alazani-agriCai da

debeda-airumis hidrosadguris sinjis aRebis adgilebi), rodesac

aRebul iqna wylis sinjebi. mdinaris dinebis gasavlis gazomvebi

Caatares erovnuli hidrologiuri samsaxuris eqspertebma. wylis

raodenobis da xarisxis monacemebma saSualeba mogvca gamogveTvala

dabinZurebis odeoba da gangvesazRvra wyalsakrebi adgilis wvlili

mdinaris dabinZurebis srul suraTSi. xSir SemTxvevaSi amgvar

informacias iTxoven gadawyvetilebis mimRebi pirebi, rom gansazRvron

dabinZurebis wyaroebi, miiRon zomebi am faqtis Sesamcireblad da

aseve gansazRvron mdinaris auzis marTvis procesi.

magaliTad, mdinaris dinebis monacemebze da Cu saSualo

koncentraciaze dayrdnobiT raodenobis (L) gamoTvla moxda mdinare

alazanze sinjis aRebis me-5 RonisZiebisaTvis (marti 17-18, 2010):

L (kg/dRe) = Q (m 3 /wm) x saSualo c (mg/m 3 ) x 60 x 60 x 24

L – alazani-Saqriani = 134 m 3 /wm x 10 mg/m 3 x 60x 60 x 24 = 116 kg/dRe

L – alazani -agriCai = 315 m 3 /wm x 15,7 mg/m 3 x 60 x 60 x 24 = 428 kg/dRe

Cu -is raodenobrivi wili mdinare alaznis auzidan sinjis aRebis or

adgils Soris aris 312 kg/dReSi.

3.7 biologiuri monitoringis gamoyeneba

sinjis aRebis sami adgilas ganxorcielda makrouxerxemloebis sinjis

aReba (mdinare debeda sadaxloSi, mdinare xrami imirSi da wiTel

xidTan). davalebis mizani iyo biologiuri sinjis aRebis da analizis

ramdenime ZiriTadi principis demonstrireba (ix. sur. 12).

davalebebidan miRebuli dakvirvebis Sedegebi:

• mdinare debeda sadaxloSi: mdinaris kalapoti iyo vulkanuri

warmoSobis, Zalian mcire raodenobis qvebiT, mcire mcenareebiT

da ramdenime adgilas qviSiani naleqiT.

mdinaris kalapotze ar Canda biologiuri safari (mcenareebi da

baqteriebi) da nanaxi iyo ramdenime cxoveli qvebis qveS, romlis

sinjic gakeTda.

mdinaris Sesaxeb zogadi mosazreba iyo, rom mas qonda dabali

biologiuri aqtivoba - oligotrofuli. saerTo iersaxe da

napovni ramdenime cxoveli miuTiTebda karg/maRal statusze.

• mdinare xrami imirTan da wiTel xidTan: mdinaris kalapoti

dafaruli iyo ZiriTadad qviT da sanapirosTan, zogierT

adgilas naleqiT (qviSa da Slami). qvebze, romlebic qmnidnen

mdinaris kalapots, iyo sqeli biologiuri safari (dominirebda

filamenturi wyalmcenare) da mravali cxoveli aRmoCnda qvebis

qveS, romlebsac CauratdaT analizi, maT Soris ruiselebi

(mravlad), erTdRiurebi (xSirad), qironomidebi (iSviaTad).

makrofitebSi nanaxi iyo kiboebi (napovni iyo erTi cxoveli).

mdinaris Sesaxeb zogadi mosazreba iyo, rom mas qonda maRali

biologiuri aqtivoba - evtrofuli. saerTo iersaxe da napovni

31


mravali cxoveli miuTiTebda mcire organul dabinZurebaze da

karg/saSualo statusze.

sur 12 biologiuri sinjis aReba emp-s dros mdinare mtkvris auzSi

4. monitoringis meTodebis harmonizeba da ndobis Seneba partniorebs

Soris

4.1 monitoringis meTodebis harmonizeba

monotoringis meTodebis da procedurebis harmonizebis saWiroeba

erTerTi umniSvnelovanesi elementia nebismieri erTiani

transsasazRvro monitoringis programisaTvis. monitoringis

programebi xdeba ufro metad Rirebuli, rodesac isini iZlevian sxva

monitoringis programebTan da monacemebTan mniSvnelovani Sedarebis

gakeTebis saSualebas. monitoringis programebis droSi ukeTesad

ganawilebam da standartizebam SesaZloa gazardos mopovebuli

Sedegebis SedarebiToba da moqmedebis masStabi.

emp-s am nawilis ZiriTadi mizani iyo erovnuli monitoringis jgufebis

mier gamoyenebuli meTodebis da procedurebis harmonizeba, raTa

Semcirebuliyo gansxvavebebi monitoringis praqtikaSi mdinare mtkvris

auzis qveynebSi. warsulSi arsebulma monitoringis meTodologiis da

aseve erTiani monitoringis RonisZiebebis naklebobam samxreT kavkasiis

qveynebSi gamoiwvia wylis xarisxis Sedegebis gansxvavebuli axsna da

uTanxmoeba qveynebs Soris.

emp-s ganxorcielebisas kidev erTi mniSvnelovani da sayuradRebo

sakiTxia is, rom evrokavSiris wylis CarCo direqtiva moiTxovs

standartuli meTodebis gamoyenebas wylis xarisxis elementebis

monitoringis dros: “parametrebis monitoringisaTvis gamoyenebuli

meTodebi unda Seesabamebodes qvemoT CamoTvlil saerTaSoriso

standartebs an sxva amgvar erovnul an saerTaSoriso standartebs,

romlebic uzrunvelyofen Sesabamisi samecniero xarisxis da

SedarebiTi monacemebis mowodebas”.

aqedan gamomdinare emp-s dros ganxiluli iyo Semdegi sami safexuri

mdinare mtkvrisaTvis:

32


• sinjis aRebis procesi

• laboratoriuli analizi

• monacemTa Sesaxeb angariSis gakeTeba.

4.1.1 sinjis aRebis meTodebis harmonizeba

zogadad, yvelaze mniSvnelovani faqtori, rac gavlenas axdens

zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis monacemebze, aris sinjis aRebis xarisxi

(an sinjis aRebis uzustobebi) da laboratoriis analizis xarisxi (an

analitikuri uzustobebi). sinjis aRebasTan dakavSirebuli

uzustobebis gansxvaveba SesaZloa im uzustobebs Soris, romlebic

dakavSirebulia warmodgenili sinjis aRebis adgilis arCevasTan,

mdinaris mocemuli gadakveTis seqciebidan warmodgenil sinjebTan da

sinjis aRebis Sesabamisi sixSiris arCevasTan, mag. mocemul adgilas

warmodgenili raodenobis gamoTvlisaTvis. im faqtis gamo, rom

arsebobs saerTo monitoringis aqtivobebis ukmarisoba mdinar mtkvris

transsasazRvro auzze, cxadi gaxda, rom aucilebelia sinjis aRebis

procedurebis harmonizeba. sinjis aRebis proceduris aseTi

harmonizeba mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels sinjis aRebisas

uzustobebis Semcirebas. am mizeziT saWiro gaxda Semdeg kiTxvebze

pasuxebis povna:

• ra gavlenas axdens sinjis aRebis procedura mdinaris wylis

sinjis aRebis Sedegebze?

• rogor korelirebs Sedegebi qveynebis laboratoriebs Soris?

sinjis aRebis proceduras SeiZleba qondes sxvadasxa gavlena wylis

xarisxis konkretul elementebze (Sewonili nawilakebis da masTan

dakavSirebuli naerTebis variabeloba zogadad gacilebiT metia, vidre

xsnadi naerTebis). emp-is farglebSi yuradReba ZiriTadad gamaxvilda

mZime liTonebze, sadac didi gansxvavebebi gamovlinda sakontrolo

sinjebsa da wylis sinjebs Soris, rac SeiZleba CaiTvalos paralelur

analogad maSin, rodesac ZiriTadi parametrebi - pH, gaxsnili Jangbadi

da nutrientebi SedarebiTi iyo qveynebis laboratoriebs Soris.

pirveli sinjis aRebis Sedegebma aCvena, rom sinjis aRebis proceduram

gavlena moaxdina mdinaris wylis sinjebis Sedegebze (koncentraciis

maCveneblebi didad gansxvavdeboda qveynebs Soris). am aRmoCenebma

moiTxova sinjis aRebamde (mosamzadebeli samuSaoebi, sinjis aRebis

gegma da sakontrolo CamonaTvali) da sinjis aRebis dros saWiro

procedurebis SemuSaveba (sinjis aRebis oqmis, wylis sinjebis Senaxvis

da laboratoriebSi transportirebis CaTvliT). gansakuTrebuli

Zalisxmeva mimarTuli iyo mZime liTonebis sinjis aRebis operaciebis

proceduris SemuSavebisaken, radgan qveynebi iyenebdnen gansxvavebul

midgomebs mZime liTonebis sinjis asaRebad zedapirul wylebSi

(boTlebi, fiqsatorebi/konservantebi, Senaxva da a.S).

miuxedavad imisa, rom qveynebi sinjis asaRebad iyenebdnen garemos

saerTaSoriso standartizaciis organizaciis (ISO EN) standartebs (ix.

Tavi 2.2.1) realuri praqtika savele pirobebSi iyo gansxvavebuli.

pirveli sinjis aRebis Semdeg sinjis aRebis mTliani procesis

harmonizebam xeli Seuwyo emp-s Sedegebis gaumjobesebas, rogorc es

naTlad Cans cxrilidan 5 (sinjis aRebis procesis Sefaseba), sadac

sinjis aRebis me-3 RonisZiebis Semdeg yvela erovnulma sinjis amRebma

33


jgufma sinjis aRebis procesi Seafasa dadebiTad da es aseve Cans

suraTidan 9 (mZime liTonebis koncentraciebSi gansxvavebebis

Semcireba sinjis aRebis momdevno RonisZiebebisas). Tumca, miuxedavad

am zomebisa, romlebic gatarebuli iqna mdinare mtkvris auzze sinjis

aRebis procedurisaTvis emp-s dros, mainc arsebobs sagrZnobi

gansxvaveba mZime liTonebis koncentraciebis SedegebSi qveynebs Soris.

es mdgomareoba SeiZleba ukavSirdeba analitikur uzustobebs da

praqtikas, romelsac iyeneben qveynebis laboratoriebi.

4.1.2 analitikuri meTodebis harmonizeba

sinjis aRebis uzustobebTan SedarebiT, gazomvebis da analizis

uzustobebi SedarebiT dabalia, magram es mainc axdens gavlenas wylis

sinjis analizis sizusteze. emp-s wylis xarisxis nebismieri arCeuli

elementisaTvis xelmisawvdomia saerTaSoriso standartebi (mag. ISO EN,

USEPA, DIN - garemos saerTaSoriso standartebis organizacia, aSS-s

garemos dacvis samsaxuri, germaniis standartizaciis instituti) da

aseve arsebobs standartizaciis xarisxi erovnul doneze da maTi

dacvis Sesaxeb rekomendaciebi miecaT monawile qveynebs. am nawilSi

proeqtis mTavari mizani iyo mxari daeWiraT qveynebis

laboratoriebaTvis, rom zustad aReweraT romel analitikur meTods

iyenebdnen da ra iyo aRmoCenis zRvari konkretuli analitikuri

meTodebis gamoyenebisas. zogierT SemTxvevaSi aRmoCenis zRvrebi

dadginda emp-s dros (aRmoCenis zRvrebi mZime liTonebisaTvis

saqarTvelos laboratoriaSi). Ni da Cu aRmoCenis maRali zRvari

gamoiricxa e.w. “standartuli damatebis meTodis” gamoyenebiT, rom

aseve gamoevlinaT dabali koncentraciebi wylis sinjebSi aRmoCenis

zRvaris maCveneblebis saxiT.

wylis sinjebis laboratoriuli analizis amgvarma codnam da

metamonacemebidan miRebulma informaciam uzrunvelyo monacemTa

Sedareba, romlebic miRebuli iyo qveynebis laboratoriebidan emp-s

dros da aseve sxva wyaroebidan. laboratoriuli analizis

mniSvnelovani nawili iyo aseve monacemebis Sesaxeb angariSis gakeTeba.

am mizniT momzadda qimiuri analizis oqmi emp-s farglebSi da

laboratoriebma monacemebis angariSi gaakeTes unificirebuli

formatiT (ix. danarTi 6).

4.2 xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis elementebi rogorc ndobis

Senebis saSualeba

xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis elementebis warmodgenam erTis

mxriv SeiZleba gaaumjobesos monitoringis procesi da aseve wvlili

Seitanos emp-s qveynebs Soris ndobis SenebaSi. xarisxis

uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis elementebi, rogorc Sida ise gare

kontrolis, warmoadgenen reputaciaze dafuZnebuli ndobis ZiriTad

sakiTxs qveynebis laboratoriebs Soris. erTiani monitoringis

programis ganxorcielebasTan dakavSirebiT maTi ndobis da

kmayofilebis mopovebis procesi unda ganxorcieldes gaxsnilad.

sinjis aRebis da laboratoriuli analizis Sedegebis Sesamowmeblad

gamoyenebuli unda iyos mxolod standartizebuli midgomebi da

meTodebi, radgan qveynebis laboratoriebi ar endobian erovnuli

34


monitoringis programis sistemaSi arsebul monacemebs. Cveulebriv

isini iyurebian sxvadasxva mimarTulebiT da xarisxis marTvis sistemas

SeuZlia gaaerTianos da harmonizaciaSi moiyvanos midgomebi. es

SesaZloa JRerdes martivad, magram sasiamovnoa, rodesac erovnuli

monitoringis jgufebi gegmaven samuSaos iseTi kuTxiT, rac saSualebas

aZlevs maT endon emp-dan miRebul monacemebs da gamoiyenon xarisxis

marTvis sistemis upiratesobebi.

4.2.1 Sida kontrolis elemendebi

sakontroli sinjebi da zedapiruli wylebis sinjebi, romlebic

Segrovda paraleluri analogebis saxiT gamoyenebul iqna xarisxis

marTvis sistemis sazomebis saxiT emp-s sinjis aRebis procesis dros

mdinare mtkvrisTvis. erTis mxriv, sakontrolo sinjebma mogvca

informacia sinjSi arsebuli (sakontrolo sinji iyo

distilirebuli/deionizirebuli wyali sisufTaveze sertifikatiT)

saerTo dabinZurebis Sesaxeb (gadaxra) da paralelurma analogebma

saSualeba misca qveynebis laboratoriebs ganexorcielebinaT mdinaris

imave wylis analizi wylis xarisxis arCeuli parametrebisaTvis.

pirveli Sedegebi gamovlinda mesame sinjis aRebis RonisZiebis Semdeg,

rodesac yvela qveynis sinjis amRebma jgufma Seafasa sinjis aRebis

procesi rogorc “Zalian kargi” da Semdgomac qondaT igive Sefaseba

emp-s dasrulebamde. sakontrolo sinjebis analizis Sedegebma ar

aCvena zedapiruli wylebis sinjebSi raime saxis dabinZureba sinjis

analizis procesisas.

4.2.2 gare kontrolis elementebi

laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevebi da wylis paraleluri sinjebis

analizi iqna arCeuli xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis sistemis

gare elementebis saxiT. amgvarma sazomebma qvveynebis laboratoriebs

saSualeba misca SeedarebinaT sinjebis TavianTi analitikuri Sedegebi

msgavsi sxva laboratoriis SedegebisaTvis. laboratoriaTaSorisi

gamokvlevis programa laboratorias uqmnis warmodgenas “misi”

Sedegebis xarisxis Sesaxeb da aZlevs stimuls saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi

ganaxorcielos swori moqmedebebi. mdinare mtkvris auzis emp-s dros

Catarda 4 laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvleva xarisxis

uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis sistemis xelSesawyobad. es gamokvleva

moicavda wylis standartuli sinjebis analizs, romlebic moamzada

erovnulma sacdelma laboratoriam wylebisaTvis slovakeTSi,

arCeuli parametrebisaTvis (PO4, NH4, NO3 da eqvsi mZime liToni (As, Cd,

Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn).

am 4 laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevidan miRebulma Sedegebma aCvena,

rom iyo mcire gansxvaveba qveynebis laboratoriebs Soris xarisxis

marTvis sistemis gamoyenebas da ganxorcielebas Soris. meores mxriv,

laboratoriaTaSorisi kvlevis davalebebma mogvca SesaZlebloba

gangvexila susti mxareebi da amgvari gansxvavebis potenciuri

wyaroebi da gvepovna zogadi swori sazomi laboratoriebSi. qveynebis

laboratoriebma aseve Riad gauziares erTmaneTs TavianTi

gamocdileba.

35


wylis paraleluri sinjebi aRebul iqna sinjis aRebis oTxi

RonisZiebis dros sinjis aRebis sami adgilidan da miewoda erovnul

sacdel laboratorias wylebisaTvis bratislavaSi, rom

ganexorcielebina mZime liTonebis (As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) paraleluri

sakontrolo analizi. amgvari analizis Sedegebi gamoyenebl iqna

monawile laboratoriebis mier konkretuli sinjis aRebis

RonisZiebidan mZime liTonebis Sesaxeb miRebuli monacemebis sizustis

Sesafaseblad. am SefasebisaTvis gamoiTvales fardobiTi procentuli

sxvaobis maCvenebeli.

laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevis msgavsad, wylis paraleluri

sinjebis analizma aCvena mcireodeni gansxvaveba laboratoriebSi

xarisxis marTvis sistemis ganxorcielebis kuTxiT.

laboratoriaTaSorisi analizis da wylis paraleluri sinjebis

analizis Sedegebi Zalian kargad korelirebda erTmaneTTan

(laboratoriaTaSorisi analizis maRali damakmayofilebeli Sefaseba

da wylis paraleluri sinjebis analizisas dabali fardobiTi

procentuli sxvaoba laboratoriisaTvis, ix. cxrilebi 7, 8, 9 da 10).

aseTi gare sakontrolo elementebi warmoadgenda obieqtur saSualebas

gamWirvale da Ria ganxilvebisaTvis da SemdgomSi aman xeli Seuwyo

qveynebis laboratoriebs Soris reputaciis/ndobis Camoyalibebas.

5. emp-dan naswavli gakveTilebi

mdinare mtkvris emp-s erTerTi ZiriTadi SezRudva iyo, rom samxreT

kavkasiis regionSi jer kidev ar aris xelmowerili samTavrobo

ormxrivi SeTanxmebebi transsasazRvro TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb wylis

resursebis marTvasa da wylis monitoringTan dakavSirebiT. es

situacia kritikul gavlenas axdens zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis

erTiani transsasazRvro monitoringis RonisZiebebze regionSi.

miuxedavad amisa, evrokavSiris mtkvris proeqtma emp-s meSveobiT

warmatebiT mouyara Tavi zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis erovnuli

monitoringis programebis warmomadgenlebs, romelTac didi survili

qondaT eTanmSromlaT erTmaneTTan mdinare mtkvris auzis emp-is

farglebSi.

emp-s ganxorcielebis dros damtkicda, rom meTodebis, procedurebis

da midgomebis harmonizeba zedapiruli wylebis monitoringisaTvis

warmoadgens seriozul gamowvevas im faqtis gamo, rom samxreT

kavkasiis regionis sam qveyanas Soris arsebobs saerTo monitoringTan

dakavSirebuli moqmedebebis nakleboba.

faqtiurad emp-m xeli Seuwyo sinjis aRebis procesis harmonizebas da

Tavisufal ganxorcielebas (Sefasebis dros yvela monawilem sinjis

aReba Seafasa dadebiTad) da minimumamde daiyvana sinjis aRebis

uzustobebi emp-s dros (amas adasturebs sakontrolo sinjebi). Tumca,

gazomvis/analitikur uzustobebs jer kidev qonda maRali gavlena

zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis emp-dan miRebul monacemebze.

ufro metic, sam qveyanas Soris zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis saerTo

strategiis naklebobis gamo, emp-s sawyis etapze mniSvnelovani

36


xarisxiT gamovlinda araswori gageba da sawinaaRmdego mosazrebebi.

amitom, emp-s ganxorcielebis erTerTi mizani iyo erovnuli

monitoringis jgufebs Soris ndobis Senebis xelSewyoba

gamWirvalobis, diskusiebis da xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis

elementebis warmodgenis gziT.

xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis sazomebis gacnobam sakontrolo

sinjebis, paraleluri analogebs, laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevebis

da paraleluri sinjebis analizis saxiT, mniSvnelovani wvlili

Seitana ndobis SenebaSi sinjis aRebis erovnul jgufebs Soris da

damatebiTi mniSvneloba SesZina transsasazRvro monitorings,

ramdenadac qveynebi aRar ganixilavdnen Tu romeli qveynis monacemi

iyo swori da romlis araswori. amasTanave, laboratoriaTaSorisma

kvlevam da wylis sinjebis paralelurma analizma xarisxis

kontrolis gare elementis saxiT, uzrunvelyo qveynebis erovnul

laboratoriebSi arsebuli xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis

sistemis deficitis gageba da misi ukeT gaazreba.

emp-s ganxorcielebisas gamovlinda, rom wylis xarisxis da

raodenobis monacemebi zogadad ar gamoiyeneba gadawyvetilebis

miRebis procesSi. monacemebidan informaciis misaRebad monitoringis

programis, monacemTa da procedurebis marTvis gaumjobeseba, mag.

wyalsakrebi adgilebidan mdinareSi Camdinare wylis raodenobis

gamoTvla an minimaluri Camonadenis Sefaseba, rac sakmarisia wlis

kargi florisa da faunisaTvis (uzrunvelyofs karg ekologiur

statuss), xels Seuwyobs wylis monitoringis monacemebis gamoyenebas

gadawyvetilebis miRebisas.

emp-s dros ganxorcielebulma biologiurma monitoringma aCvena

amgvari monitoringis gamoyenebis saWiroeba samxreT kavkasiis

qveynebisaTvis (amJamad qveynebSi arsebobs profesionaluri eqspertizis

da teqnikuri SesaZleblobebis fundamenturi ukmarisoba wylis

xarisxis biologiuri monitoringis kuTxiT).

zedapiruli wylebis xarisxis monitoringis programebi didad aris

damokidebuli kargad momzadebul personalze. dResdReisobiT

saswavlo aqtivobebi monitoringis personalisaTvis arasakmarisia

samive qveynis laboratoriebSi (amJamad ar arsebobs monitoringis

personalis saswavlo gegma).

miuxedavad imisa, rom samxreT kavkasiis qveynebi iyneben saerTo wylis

resursebs, erTiani transsasazRvro monitoringis aqtivobebi mTlianad

damokidebulia saerTaSoriso proeqtebis mxardaWeraze.

6. rekomendaciebi da daskvnebi

samxreT kavkasiis qveynebisaTvis Zalian mniSvnelovania gaerTiandnen

mdinaris wylis xarisxis marTvis garSemo. evrokavSiris mtkvris

proeqtma mniSvnelovan progress miaRwia im TvalsazrisiT, rom

daexmara qveynebs amis gacnobierebaSi.

37


Tumca proeqtis qveynebis mxridan saWiroa ufro mtkice Zalisxmevis

gamovlena.

• mdinare mtkvris auzis emp unda efuZnebodes qveynebs Soris

SeTanxmebas da saWiroa saxelmwifo biujetidan mxardaWera, raTa

uwyvetad SenarCundes saerTaSoriso proeqtebis dros dawyebuli

aqtivobebi. yvelaze swori gamosavali aris samTavrobo ormxrivi

SeTanxmebebi (somxeTi/saqarTvelo, azerbaijani/saqarTvelo). es

samTavrobo ormxrivi SeTanxmebebi unda moicavdes wylis xarisxis

da raodenobis erTiani monitoringis programebs (monacemTa da

informaciis gacvlis CaTvliT).

• amgvari erTiani monitoringis programebi unda ganxorcieldes EU

wylis CarCo direqtivis da UNECE wylis konvenciis principebis

safuZvelze.

• emp aseve unda asaxavdes gadawyvetilebis mimRebi pirebis

saWiroebebs, rom gaumklavdnen transsasazrRvro wyalTan

dakavSirebul sakiTxebs.

• xarisxis uzrunvelyofis/kontrolis elementebi warmodgenili unda

iyos mTeli emp-s dros (sinjis aReba, analizi, monacemTa damuSaveba

da angariSis gakeTeba), rom Tavidan aviciloT raime saxis

gaugebroba da dabneuloba mdinare mtkvris auzis wylis xarisxis

monacemebis Sesaxeb.

• laboratoriis personalma meti yuradReba unda miaqcios xarisxis

uzrunvelyofas/kontrols wylis sinjis analizis procesSi da

minimumamde daiyvanos gazomvebis uzustobebi.

• qveynebma unda gaaumjobeson pirobebi da SesaZleblobebi, rom

monitoringis programebSi CarTon biologiuri xarisxis elementTa

monitoringi (amJamad qveynebSi aris profesiuli da teqnikuri

SesaZleblobebis nakleboba).

• uaRresad mniSvnelovania personals, romelic axorcielebs wylis

xarisxis monitorings, regularulad Cautardes swavleba, raTa

miiRon wylis xarisxis Sesaxeb zusti Sedegebi. rekomendebulia mag.

EU TAIEX programis gamoyeneba, rom moxdes personalis gacvla da

evrokavSiris qveynebis laboratoriebidan gamocdilebis miReba.

• mdinre mtkvris auzis qveynebs Soris regularulad unda moxdes

codnis gaziareba monitoringis praqtikasTan dakavSirebiT, raTa

uzrunvelyofili iyos saerTo gageba wylis xarisxis saxiTxebze.

cxadia, rom saerTaSoriso TanamSromloba warmoadges mdinare mtkvris

auzSi arsebuli wylis marTvis problemebis gadaWris safuZvels.

saWiro aris EU wylis CarCo direqtivis da UNECE wylis konvenciis

principebze dafuZnebuli kanonieri CarCo am TanamSromlobis

mxardasaWerad da aseve erTian monitoringTan dakavSirebuli

aqtivobebi mniSvnelovan wvlils Seitans transsasazRvro wylebTan

dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis saerTo gagebasa da gadaWris sakiTxSi.

gamoyenebuli literatura

EC saxelmZRvanelo dokumenti #7 monitoringi wylis CarCo direqtivis

farglebSi, luqsemburgi: evrokomisiis oficialuri publikaciebis

ofisi.

38


UNECE, 2000 transsasazRvro mdinareebis monitoringis da Sefasebis

saxelmZRvanelo. RIZA, lelistadi, niderlandebi.

TACIS 2003. mdinaris marTvis erTiani programa - mtkvris auzi (No.: SCR-

E/111231/C/SV/WW). saboloo angariSi.

USAID 2007. wylis monitoringis strategiuli gegma transsasazRvro

mdinareebisaTvis, samxreT kavkasiis wylis programa (No.: Epp-I-00-

04_00025-00) recenziis angariSi.

suraTebis da cxrilebis CamonaTvali

suraTi 1 sinjis aReba emp-sTvis xrami imiris sinjis aRebis adgilas

(2 ivnisi, 2009)

suraTi 2 laboratoriebis mier wylis xarisxis gazomili

parametrebis raodenoba emp-s dros

suraTi 3 emp-sTvis sinjis aRebis dros adgilze Catarebuli

gazomvebi mtkvari-qesalo sinjis aRebis adgilas

suraTi 4 mtkvari-qesalo sinjis aRebis adgilze gaxsnili Jangbadis

koncentracia emp-s dros (2009-2010)

suraTi 5 BOD 5 saSualo maCveneblebi emp-s dros xrami-wiTel xidze

(2009-2010)

suraTi 6 NO 3 koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo

sinjis aRebis adgilas

suraTi 7 PO 4 koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo

sinjis aRebis adgilas

suraTi 8 NH 4 koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo

sinjis aRebis adgilas

suraTi 9 Cu koncentraciebi emp-s dros (2009-2010) mtkvari-qesalo

sinjis aRebis adgilas

suraTi 10 Teoriuli log-normaluri ganawilebis albaTobis funqcia

Cu fonuri dabinZurebis Sesafaseblad

suraTi 11 mZime liTonebis Sedegebi wylis paraleluri sinjebis

analizidan debeda-airumis sinjis aRebis adgilas (dekemberi 2009)

suraTi 12 biologiuri sinjis aRebis davaleba emp-s dros mtkvris

auzisaTvis

cxrili 1. sinjis aRebis adgilebi emp-sTvis

cxrili 2. sinjis aRebis RonisZiebebi da sinjis aRebis adgilebi

cxrili 3. sinjis aRebisTvis saWiro aRWurviloba da masalebi emp-s

dros

cxrili 4 emp-Si gamoyenebuli determnantebis CamonaTvali

cxrili 5 sinjis aRebis procesis Sefaseba emp-s dros

cxrili 6 fonuri dabinZurebis Sesafaseblad gamoyenebuli mZime

liTonebis koncentraciis statistikuri maxasiaTeblebi alazani/ganixi

mdinaris auzSi

cxrili 7 oTxi laboratoriaTaSorisi gamokvlevis Sedegebi

cxrili 8 mZime liTonebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

maCveneblebi debeda-airumisaTvis (sinjis aRebis me-4 RonisZieba,

dekemberi 2009)

39


cxrili 9 mZime liTonebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

maCveneblebi mtkvari-SixlisaTvis (sinjis aRebis me-4 RonisZieba,

dekemberi 2009)

cxrili 10 mZime liTonebis fardobiTi procentuli sxvaobis

maCveneblebi mtkvari-qesalosaTvis (sinjis aRebis me-4 RonisZieba,

dekemberi 2009)

abriviaturebis CamonaTvali

BOD 5 Jangbadis biologiuri moTxovna (5 dRiani inkubacia)

EC evrokomisia

EU WFD evrokavSiris wylis CarCo direqtiva

ISO saerTaSoriso standartizaciis oranizacia

JMP erTiani monitoringis programa mdinare mtkvrisaTvis

QA/QC xarisxis uzrunvelyofa/kontroli

QMS xarisxis marTvis sistema

RPD fardobiTi procentuli sxvaoba

TACIS damoukidebeli saxelmwioebis saerTo keTildReobisaTvis

teqnikuri daxmareba

EU TAIEX evrokavSiris teqnikur daxmarebis da informaciis

gacvliTi programa

UNECE gaeros ekonomikuri komisia evropisaTvis

USAID aSS-s daxmarebis programa

danarTi 1

emp-s sinjis aRebis adgilebis ruqa (USAID 2007 dayrdnobiT)

40


danarTi 2

sakontrolo CamonaTvali sinjis asaRebad savele

pirobebSi gasamgzavreblad

mdinare mtkvris proeqti - evropis

daxmareba/125284/C/SER/multi

Equipment/Item Quantity Confirmation

Car 1

Multisonde kit with pH buffer solutions 1

Water sampler 1

Batteries in reserve

Portable refrigerators with cooling

inserts (or cooling boxes)

Sample containers:

- bottle for BOD5 and COD,

- bottle for nutrients

1 set

depending on the capacity

8 (+1)

8 (+1)

41


- bottle for heavy metals,

- bottle for phenols and petroleum

substances

Fixation and conservation compounds,

(Suprapur nitric acid for heavy metals

shall be delivered by ARM team for all

three teams)

8 (+1)

8 (+1)

1 set

Pipette 2

Field sample labels 30

Distilled water

Deionised water (will be delivered by

ARM team with certificate from the

analysis)

5 L

5 L

Water proof boots 1

Labelling tape 1

Alcohol-resistant marking pens 2

Watch 1

Pencil and paper 1

Gloves (if working in polluted or very

cold water)

2

Liquid Soup for cleaning 1

Others

aRWurviloba/erTeuli raodenoba damowmeba

avtomanqana 1

xelsawyoebis kompleqti pH

buferul xsnarebTan erTad

wylis sinjis asaRebi

mowyobiloba

saTadarigo elementebi

portatuli macivrebi

gamagrilebliT (an

gamagrilebeli yuTebi)

sinjis konteinerebi:

- boTli Jbm5 da Jangb. qim.

moTxovnisTvis

- boTli nutrientebisTvis

- boTli mZime

liTonebisaTvis

- boTli fenolebisTvis da

navTobproduqtebisTvis

1

1

1 kompleqti

damokidebulia

moculobaze

8 (+1)

8 (+1)

8 (+1)

42


8 (+1)

dasafiqsirebeli

nivTierebebi da

konservantebi (azotmJava

mZime liTonebisaTvis samive

jgufs unda miawodos ARM

jgufma)

1 kompleqti

pipeti 2

savele sinjebis etiketebi 30

distilirebuli wyali

deionizirebuli wyali

(miawodebs ARM jgufi

analizis sertifikatTan

erTad)

5 l

5 l

wyalgamZle fexsacmeli 1

mosaniSni lenta 1

spirtisadmi mdgradi

markerebi

2

saaTi 1

fanqari da qaRaldi 1

xelTaTmanebi (Tu samuSao

tardeba dabinZurebul

adgilas, an civ amindSi)

2

Txevadi saponi gasawmendad 1

sxva

TariRi:

adgili:

Sevsebulia:

43


danarTi 3

sinjis aRebis oqmi

mdinare mtkvris proeqti - evropis

daxmareba/125284/C/SER/multi

Kura River project - EuropeAid/125284/C/SER/Multi

Purpose of the Sampling: The Joint Measurement under the Transboundary Monitoring Programme

Institution: __________________________________________________

Collected by: _________________________, Completed by: ________________________

Date: ______________________(day/month/year), Local time: ______________,

Location: City___________________ State________________________

Watershed: __________________, Stream: __________________, River km: ______ ,

SITE DESCRIPTION

Weather: Sunny Cloudy Partly Cloudy Raining Foggy

Longitude ______________, Latitude _______________, Elevation ________________

Land Use: Urban Suburban Agricultural Grazing Forest

Channelized: Yes No

River bottom substrate: Boulders Rubble Gravel Sand Silt Clay

Air Temperature: _________________(C) (at site)

WATER QUALITY PARAMERES (in situ measurements)

Water Temperature: _________(C), pH: ______ , Conductivity:__________

O2 concentration:_______mg/l,

O2 saturation:_______%,

Surface Oils: None Some Lots

Water Odours: Normal Sewage Petroleum Chemical Other__________

Additional Notes: Report below any information or observations you made that are not included

on this form: __________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

44


sinjis aRebis mizani: erTiani gazomvebi transsasazRvro monitoringis

programis farglebSi

organizacia: __________________________________________________

Segrovebulia: ____________________, Sevsebulia: ________________________

TariRi: ______________________(dRe/Tve/weli), adgilobrivi dro:________,

adgilmdebareoba: qalaqi___________________ qveyana_____________________

mdinaris auzi: ________________, nakaduli: ____________, mdinare km: ______ ,

adgilis aRwera

amindi: mziani Rrubliani nawilobriv Rrubliani wvima nisli

grZedi ______________, ganedi _______________, simaRle ________________

adgili: dasaxlebuli naxevrad dasaxlebuli

saZovari tye

saxnav-saTesi

arxiT mimarTuli: ki ara

mdinaris fskeris substrati:riyis qvebi yore xreSi qviSa Slami Tixa

haeris temperatura: _________________(C) (adgilze)

wylis xarisxis parametrebi (adgilze gazomvebi )

wylis temperatura: _________(C), pH: ______ , gamtaroba:__________

O2 koncentracia:_______mg/l,

O2 gajereba:_______%,

zedapiruli navTobi: ar aris mcire odenobiT didi odenobiT

wylis suni: normaluri kanalizaciis navTobis qimiuri sxva__________

damatebiTi SeniSvna: qvemoT miuTiTeT informacia, an Tqveni

dakvirvebebi, rac ar aris mocemuli am formaSi:

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

45


evrokavSiris proeqti - transsasazRvro mdinaris - mdinare mtkvris

auzis - marTva faza II - sasomxeTi, saqarTvelo, azerbaijani

danarTi 4 erTiani sinjis aRebis operaciebis procedura erovnuli

jgufebis mier

wylis sinjebi saerTo mZime liTonebis analizisaTvis

sinjis aRebamde

1. garecxeT Svidi 1l SuSis (an sufTa, axali, plastmasis) boTli

(erTi boTli TiToeuli sinjis aRebis adgilisaTvis da erTi

sakontrolo sinjisaTvis) marilmJavas susti xsnariT da Semdeg samjer

garecxeT distilirebuli wyliT, raTa srulad moaSoroT wina

sinjebidan savaraudod darCenili mZime liTonebi. gaamSraleT da

Semdeg hermetulad daaxureT boTlebs Tavsaxuri. aseve, msgavsi gziT

unda gairecxos sinjis asaRebi yvela sxva mowyobiloba, rom Tavidan

iqnas acilebuli dabinZureba wina sinjebidan.

2. darwmundiT, rom gaqvT konservantebis sakmao raodenoba (winaswar

gasufTavebuli azotmJava) da iyenebT Sesabamis instruments sinjSi

konservantebis ineqciisaTvis.

sinjis aReba

mdinaris wyali

3. sinjis asaRebi mowyobilobis gamoyenebiT aiReT sinji sinjis aRebis

adgilidan. sinjis aRebis dros ar SeexoT mdinaris fskeris naleqs,

raTa Tavidan aiciloT myari nawilakebis Sereva. wylis sinji

moaTavseT 1l boTlSi da daumateT konservanti (ix. punqti 5 qvemoT)

da daaxureT Tavsaxuri. darwmundiT, rom boTli bolomde iyos

gavsebuli.

4. alternatiulad, SegiZliaT xeliT aiRoT wylis sinji 1l boTlis

gamoyenebiT. sinjis aRebis dros ar SeexoT mdinaris fskeris naleqs,

raTa Tavidan aiciloT myari nawilakebis Sereva. amopirqvavebuli

boTli CauSviT mdinareSi daaxloebiT 20-30sm-ze. SemoabruneT boTli

daaxloebiT 90° mdinaris dinebis sapirispiro mimarTulebiT da

bolomde aavseT is mdinaris dinebis sapirispirod neli moZraobiT.

amiReT boTli wylidan, darwmundiT rom mcire adgili iyos

datovebuli konservantebis dasamateblad, daumateT konservantebi da

daaxureT boTls Tavsaxuri.

5. Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni, As, Pb, Cd SesanarCuneblad saWiroa pH < 2; amis misaRwevad

boTlSi SeiyvaneT winaswar gasufTavebuli azotmJava daaxloebiT 5ml

da daaxureT Tavsaxuri boTls.

sakontrolo sinji

6. garecxeT sinjis asaRebi mowyobiloba distilirebuli wyliT da

aavseT deionizirebuli wyliT, romelic gamoyenebuli iyo garemos

46


saxiT sakontrolo sinjisaTvis. 1l boTlSi SeiyvaneT winaswar

gasufTavebuli azotmJavas daaxloebiT 5ml da gaavseT boTli

batometridan deionizebuli wyliT. boTls hermetulad daaxureT

Tavsaxuri.

sinjis aRebis Semdeg

7. 1l boTlebi SeinaxeT dafiqsirebul sinjebTan erTad bnel da

gril adgilas daaxloebiT 4°C temperaturis pirobebSi.

8. sinjebis analizi unda moxdes laboratoriaSi mitanidan rac

SeiZleba male, magram ara ugvianes 30 dRisa.

SeniSvna analizisaTvis sinjis damuSavebasTan dakavSirebiT

wylis sinjis damuSaveba unda moxdes Sesabamisi analitikuri

meTodebis/instrumentebis gamoyenebiT laboratoriaSi. analitikuri

Secdomis minimumamde Sesamcireblad uaRresad mniSvnelovania

analitikuri proceduris Sesaxeb dokumentis dacva.

danarTi 5 emp-Si monawile laboratoriebis mier wylis sinjebis

analizisaTvis gamoyenebuli meTodebi

Parameter

Method used

Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia

temperature Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

turbidity Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

Dissolved oxygen Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

Oxygen saturation Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

pH Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

Salinity Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

Conductivity Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site Multiprobe on site

Total suspended solids/

Total dissolved solids

Gravimetric method Gravimetric method Gravimetric method

BOD 5 Dissolved oxygen Dissolved oxygen Dissolved oxygen

COD Cr Dichromate method Dichromate method Dichromate method

Ammonia nitrogen,

ammonia

Colorimetric method

Spectrophotometer

Colorimetric method

Spectrophotometer

Colorimetric method

Spectrophotometer

Nitrate nitrogen,

Colorimetric method

Ion Chromatograph

nitrates

Spectrophotometer

Ion Chromatograph

Phosphates

Colorimetric method Colorimetric method

Spectrophotometer Spectrophotometer

Ion Chromatograph

Copper ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Zink ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Iron ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Manganese ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Cadmium ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Nickel ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Led ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

47


Molybdenum ICP-MS Graphite furnace AAS AAS

Arsenic

ICP-MS

Atomic fluorescence Hydride generation

spectrometry AAS

Petroleum products N/A Fluorimetry

Fourier transform

infra-red (FT-IR)

Phenols N/A Spectrophotometer Spectrophotometer

parametri

temperatura

simRvrive

gaxsnili

Jangbadi

JangbadiT

gajereba

pH

marilianoba

gamtaroba

Sewonili

nawil. saerTo

raod./gaxsnili

nawilakebi

gamoyenebuli meTodi

somxeTi azerbaijani saqarTvelo

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze . sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

mravalparametriani mravalparametriani mravalparametriani

sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze sinjebi adgilze

gravimetruli gravimetruli gravimetruli

meTodi

meTodi

meTodi

BOD 5 gaxsnili Jangbadi gaxsnili Jangbadi gaxsnili Jangbadi

Jangbadis diqromatuli diqromatuli diqromatuli

qimiuri

moTxovna

meTodi

meTodi

meTodi

amoniumis

azoti, amiaki

nitrati

azoti,

nitratebi

kolorimetruli

meTodi

speqtometri

ionuri

qromatografi

kolorimetruli

meTodi

speqtometri

kolorimetruli

meTodi

speqtometri

kolorimetruli

meTodi

speqtometri

ionuri

qromatografi

fosfatebi

Spectrophotometer

speqtometri

speqtometri

ionuri

qromatografi

spilenZi induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

TuTia induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

rkina induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas aas

48


plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

magniumi induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

kadmiumi induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

nikeli induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

tyvia

induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

molibdeni induqc. dakavS. grafit. aas

aas

plaz. opt. emis.

speqtr.

dariSxani induqc. dakavS.

plaz. opt. emis.

atomuri

fluorescenciis

hidridis

warmoqmnis aas

speqtr.

speqtrometria

navTobproduqt.

ar aris fluorometria furie gardaqmnis

infra-wiTeli

speqtroskopia

fenolebi ar aris speqtometri speqtometri

49


danarTi 6 qimiuri analizis oqmi emp-dan mdinare mtkvrisaTvis

Date of sampling

Detection Limit (or LOQ)

Temperature, °C

Replacement

of sampling site

Transparency

Dissolved oxygen, mg/l

Oxygen saturation, %

pH

Mineralization, mg/l

Conductivity, mS/cm

Total Suspended solids, mg/l

BOD 5

COD (MnO 4 -) , mg O 2 /l

COD (Cr 2 O 7 2-) , mg O 2 /l

Ammonia, mg/l

Nitrate, mg/l

Phosphates, mg/l

Copper, μg /l

Zink, μg /l

Iron, μg /l

Manganese, μg /l

Cadmium, μg /l

Nickel, μg /l

Lead, μg /l

Molybdenum, μg /l

Arsenic, μg /l

Petroleum products, mg/l

Phenols, mg/l

Debed-Ayrum (AM)

Debed-Sadakhlo (GE)

Khrami-Imiri (GE)

Kura-Kesalo (GE)

Khrami-Red Bridge (GE)

Kura-Shykhly (AZ)

Debed-Ayrum HS (AM)

Alazani-Shakriani (GE)

Alazani-Agrichai (AZ)

Field Blank Sample

Date of analysis

50


sinjis aRebis

adgilis Secvla

51

sinjis aRebis TariRi

aRmoCenis zRvari (an

raod. zRvari)

temperatura o C

gamWirvaloba

gaxsn. Jangb. mg/l

JangbadiT gajereba %

pH

mineralizacia mg/l

gamtarunaruianoba

msim/sm

Sew. nawil.. raod.mg/l

Jbm5

Jangb.qim.moTx. (MnO -) 4 , mg

O 2 /l

Jangb.qim.moTx. (Cr 2 O 2-) 7 ,mg

O 2 /l

amiaki mg/l

nitrati mg/l

fosfatebi mg/l

spilenZi mg/l

TuTia mg/l

rkina mg/l

magniumi mg/l

kadmiumi mg/l

nikeli mg/l

tyvia mg/l

molibdeni mg/l

dariSxani mg/l

navT. produqtebi mg/l

fenolebi mg/l

debeda-airumi

(sasomx.)

debeda-sadaxlo

(saq.)

xrami-imiri (saq.)

mtkvari-qesalo

(saq.)

(GE)

xrami-wiT.xidi

(saq.)

mtkvari-Sixli

(azer.)

debeda-airumis

hidr. sadg.

(sasomx.)

alazani-Saqriani

(saq.)

alazani-agriCai

(azer.)

sakontrolo

sinji

analizis TariRi

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