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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

BPL population belongs

BPL population belongs to SC category and nearly 14.5 percent belong to OBCs (Table 4.12). This is another kind of targeting tool that can be made use of when targeting is to be done within a district. Table 4.12: District-wise Share of Selected Groups in BPL Population (2002) (Percent) Districts BPL Details SC ST OBC Others Landless IAY - Landless Coimbatore 10.99 0.92 14.45 7.00 28.46 29.40 Cuddallore 15.84 0.38 15.45 2.40 29.12 24.80 Dharmapuri 5.16 1.05 8.65 3.81 15.54 16.34 Dindigul 10.82 0.30 19.26 7.22 30.54 32.78 Erode 11.84 0.82 18.07 2.21 28.90 26.12 Kanchipuram 14.90 1.11 11.10 3.67 26.64 18.07 Kanniyakumari 3.23 0.54 28.79 14.00 33.08 38.20 Karur 10.97 0.13 17.54 4.43 25.47 25.78 Krishnagiri 6.23 1.63 11.24 7.75 20.61 27.10 Madurai 12.88 0.11 14.30 7.81 31.55 30.33 Nagapattinam 16.03 0.99 13.64 2.03 26.41 22.45 Namakkal 13.52 1.72 17.44 2.71 26.04 28.14 Perambalur 12.34 0.71 18.00 10.76 27.43 31.18 Pudukkottai 8.19 0.00 8.37 8.98 15.57 12.72 Ramanathapuram 8.51 0.07 11.59 9.56 16.22 18.49 Salem 7.68 2.01 21.39 2.93 25.12 27.70 Sivagangai 7.92 0.02 16.56 3.72 19.07 18.02 Thanjavur 10.22 0.28 13.74 6.88 28.23 23.27 The Nilgiris 9.08 4.53 11.50 15.18 35.65 41.34 Theni 11.11 0.30 19.55 6.91 37.86 27.07 Tiruchirapalli 8.37 0.28 12.36 7.31 21.48 20.91 Thirunelveli 12.95 0.30 21.75 6.94 35.43 35.77 Thiruvallur 12.43 1.86 10.81 3.53 20.59 16.52 Thiruvannamalai 7.46 1.87 14.61 2.02 19.14 20.00 Thiruvarur 18.63 0.10 12.10 5.04 30.50 25.89 Tuticorin 10.74 0.07 12.12 7.37 26.02 24.78 Vellore 8.00 1.18 13.02 2.58 20.53 18.26 Villupuram 10.80 1.45 14.93 2.56 19.79 21.14 Virudhunagar 9.81 0.00 12.05 8.50 24.86 28.39 Total 10.47 0.86 14.46 5.31 24.46 23.79 Source: Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and Government of Tamil Nadu. 4.7 Implementation of NREGA The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) provides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural 88

household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage. This Act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural people, primarily semi or un-skilled work to people living below poverty line in rural India. It attempts to bridge the gap between the rich and poor in the country. Roughly one-third of the stipulated work force must be women. Central Government meets the cost towards the payment of wage, 3/4 of material cost and certain percentage of administrative cost. State Government meets the cost towards unemployment allowance, 1/4 of material cost and administrative cost of the state council. Adult members of rural households submit their name, age and address with photo to the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat registers households after making enquiry and issues a job card. The job card contains the details of adult member enrolled and his /her photo. Registered person can submit an application for work in writing (for at least fourteen days of continuous work) either to panchayat or to Programme Officer. The panchayat/programme officer accepts valid applications and issue date of receipt of application. A letter providing work is sent to the applicant, which is displayed at the panchayat office. The employment is provided within a radius of 5 km. If it is above 5 km, extra wages are paid. If employment under the scheme is not provided within fifteen days of receipt of the application, daily unemployment allowance is to be paid to the applicant. NREGA is the first programme, which has been implemented with full Information Technology (IT) support. TATA Consultancy Services, India's largest IT/ITES sector company has designed the software solution for the state of Andhra Pradesh. NIC has developed solutions for other areas. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act has been implemented in Tamil Nadu districts in three phases. The NREGA ensures that 100 days of work per rural household per year is guaranteed upon demand. The scheme is therefore entirely selftargeting in principle, and follows a right- based approach. Employment must be within 5 km of the applicant's residence or there is a 10 percent premium on the scheme wage. In implementing NREGA, the Central government bears around 90 percent of total scheme costs, i.e. all wage costs and three quarters of the non-wage component (including materials and most administration), working on an assumed 60/40 labour and capital split. However, if a state fails to provide work for a household within 15 days, it is 89

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau