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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

obliged to pay from its

obliged to pay from its own resources an unemployment allowance, at a rate not less than 1/4 of the scheme wage rate for the first month and 1/2 thereafter - up to the 100 day limit for the household. Up to end July 2008, total employment provided under NREGA in Tamil Nadu added to 419.2 lakh person days giving employment to 18.69 lakh households, that is, 22.43 person days per households since the inception of the programme. Among different groups benefiting from the programme, the largest was that of women whose share in benefit was to the extent of nearly 75.6 percent. Total fund available for the programme was Rs.1015.68 crore out of which actual expenditure was only Rs. 338.57 crore. This amounts to only about one-third of the total fund available. Table 4.13 summarises the implementation of NREGA in Tamil Nadu up to July 2008. It may be noted that the coefficient of correlation between the share of BPL population in a district in total BPL population of all districts in Tamil Nadu and the share of cumulative number of days of employment under NREGA in a district in the corresponding number in all districts (relevant data in Appendix Table 4.9) is extremely low at 0.26. This may be partly due to the choice of districts in the phasing sequence of NREGA and partly due to mismatches in incidence of the programme and the incidence of the poverty according to BPL population. 4.8 Intra-district Imbalances: Selected Districts As part of the overall poverty reducing strategy plan (PRSP), it will be useful to examine the strategy for preparing District level PRSP taking some of the relatively backward districts in Tamil Nadu as case studies. One district is discussed here, viz., Thiruvannamalai. Similar details for Sivagangai are given in Annexure 4.3. 90

Districts Table 4.13: Implementation of NREGA in Tamil Nadu Up to July 2008 Cumulative No. of HH Issued Job Cards Cumulative No. of HH Demanded Employment Cumulative No. of HH Provided Employment Cumulative Person-days Generated (in lakh) Phase I Cuddallore 288130 123541 123541 49.98 Dindigul 207840 91407 91407 27.71 Nagapattinam 179484 55065 55065 44.44 Sivagangai 184278 38990 38990 25.08 Thiruvannamalai 344693 83967 83967 34.81 Villupuram 400309 201049 201049 83.15 Sub Total 1604734 594019 594019 265.16 Phase II Karur 106337 36022 36022 8.29 Thanjavur 159953 61047 61047 18.93 Thirunelveli 223450 97228 97228 17.95 Thiruvarur 163191 90683 90683 29.15 Sub Total 652931 284980 284980 74.32 Phase III Ariyalur 69339 46568 46568 4.03 Coimbatore 181685 33872 33872 0.75 Dharmapuri 61602 16231 16231 2.21 Erode 119003 13293 13293 2.39 Kanchipuram 240096 32881 32881 5.65 Kanniyakumari 47166 4706 4200 0.55 Krishnagiri 89646 38562 38562 1.21 Madurai 106765 29664 29664 5.63 Namakkal 143206 81920 30763 1.59 Perambalur 41279 16953 16953 1.99 Pudukkottai 223259 127491 127491 6.36 Ramanathapuram 130705 79697 79697 7.18 Salem 150801 47830 47830 2.69 The Nilgiris 5072 2988 2988 0.28 Theni 34203 10277 10277 1.01 Thiruvallur 69528 100935 100935 8.07 Thoothukudi (Tuticorin) 80780 26658 26658 14.40 Tiruchirapalli 44231 30729 30729 3.13 Vellore 229330 272924 272924 6.91 Virudhunagar 35438 27655 27655 3.70 Sub Total 2103134 1041834 990171 79.74 Total 4360799 1920833 1869170 419.22 Source: Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and Government of Tamil Nadu. 91

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