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The District level PRSP

The District level PRSP should particularly take into account agricultural productivity, livelihood options, intra-district disparities in health, education, and household incomes, and food security among other issues. A district level PRSP needs to identify the basic economic activities of the districts, some indicator (like that of BPL population) of the poor in the district according to blocks/urban segments, and block wise examination of participation rates in educational and health services for rural areas. Similarly, some indicators of work participation rate or employment opportunities can help developing a block level targeting and policy intervention perspective. It is possible to obtain detailed block level data on literacy and educational institutions and number of students, various health indicators, and gender related indicators particularly on health. These data can be used to formulate a suitable district level poverty reduction strategy. a. Thiruvannamalai Thiruvannamalai is situated 185 km from Chennai and 210 km from Bangalore. As per 2001 Census, Thiruvannamalai had a population of 130301. Males constitute 51 percent of the population and females 49 percent. Thiruvannamalai has an average literacy rate of 74 percent, which is higher than the national average of 59.5 percent: male literacy is 81 percent, and female literacy is 68 percent. In Thiruvannamalai, 11 percent of the population is under 6 years of age. a1. Income and Employment in Thiruvannamalai In Thiruvannamalai, the share of primary sector has been larger than that of Tamil Nadu although this share has been coming down. Based on 1993-94 price data, the share of primary sector fell from 43.7 percent in 1993-94 to 31.5 percent in 2001-02. The share of secondary sector has more or less remained stagnant after the mid-nineties but that of the tertiary sector has increased. In terms of population living below the poverty line, Thiruvannamalai fares much worse than of Tamil Nadu as a whole. Thiruvannamalai district has 18 blocks. Out of these, 13 blocks have both urban and rural areas. The block-wise distribution of BPL population in rural areas is summarised in Table 4.14. Blocks are arranged in descending order of BPL head count ratio. 92

Table 4.14: Share of BPL Population in Total Rural Population: Thiruvannamalai Blocks No. of Rural Families Rural Population No. of BPL Families BPL Population Percentage of BPL to Total Rural Population Anakkavur 18723 78697 5780 24138 30.67 Arani 26910 115316 8729 33490 29.04 Chengam 32231 138692 9597 39691 28.62 Chetput 22743 77843 7361 23997 30.83 Cheyyar 23045 90813 7253 25998 28.63 Jawathu Hills 13172 55103 6939 28336 51.42 Kalasapakkam 29442 120710 9427 34734 28.77 Keelpennathur 25642 109097 8147 32484 29.78 Pernamallur 22017 86585 6795 23764 27.45 Polur 31012 129385 10314 39235 30.32 Pudupalayam 18116 76207 6502 25200 33.07 Thandrampet 35962 164891 11674 49845 30.23 Thellar 25047 103242 7722 29118 28.20 Thurinjapuram 31219 125010 8481 31114 24.89 Thiruvannamalai 37577 161644 13025 52504 32.48 Vandavasi 27840 117500 8026 29934 25.48 Vembakkam 28844 122621 10027 37094 30.25 West Arani 22631 97719 6687 26169 26.78 Total 472173 1971075 152486 586845 29.77 Source: Thiruvannamalai Human Development Report 2006. a2. Education Indicators in Thiruvannamalai Table 4.15 gives block wise literacy rate for rural areas in Thiruvannamalai and for the total of rural and urban areas. Blocks are arranged in ascending order of literacy. Based on this, two indices of deficiency separately for rural and urban areas are developed relative to the average as given in Appendix Table 4.10. There are considerable interblock differences in the literacy rate. In some blocks, literacy rate for the total population is as low as 38 percent (Jawadhu Hills). In this block, female literacy is only 26.2 percent. These figures pertain to Census 2001. For the district as a whole, urban literacy is higher than rural literacy and male literacy is higher than female literacy. The over all literacy rate is 67.4 percent. The highest literacy rate is for Thiruvannamalai and Arni Blocks. It is clear that there is considerable deficiency in the reach of literacy in the district as a whole but within the district several blocks have extremely low level of achievement. 93

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau