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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

Table 4.15: Block-wise

Table 4.15: Block-wise Literacy Rate in Thiruvannamalai (Percent) Blocks Rural Total (Urban and Rural) Male Female Total Male Female Total Jawadhu Hills 49.51 26.22 38.17 49.51 26.22 38.17 Thandrampet 69.37 46.00 57.82 69.37 46.00 57.82 Pudupalayam 71.64 46.88 59.34 72.57 48.25 60.45 Chengam 70.37 48.37 59.52 72.04 50.99 61.64 Kalasapakkam 76.20 49.17 62.70 76.20 49.17 62.70 Thurinjapuram 77.54 51.48 64.55 77.54 51.48 64.55 Annakavur 79.95 53.71 66.83 79.95 53.71 66.83 Pernamallur 80.96 53.23 66.92 81.42 53.87 67.46 Thellar 79.77 54.06 66.98 80.13 54.69 67.47 Vembakkam 81.23 54.61 67.93 81.25 54.66 67.96 Chetpet 79.71 52.13 65.75 81.02 55.22 67.96 Kilpennathur 79.16 54.50 66.65 80.36 56.78 68.42 Polur 80.40 55.22 67.74 82.28 58.19 70.15 Vanadavasi 79.09 54.99 67.11 81.64 59.89 70.75 Cheyyar 79.19 53.58 66.34 82.44 59.37 70.85 West Arni 82.48 57.58 69.93 83.33 58.97 71.04 Tiruvannamalai 77.77 54.18 65.98 83.7 64.31 74.05 Arni 83.36 58.64 70.96 85.34 63.62 74.42 District 77.15 52.14 64.65 79.17 56.63 67.39 Source: Census of India, 2001. Table 4.16 provides block wise gross access ratio for primary and upper primary schools in Thiruvannamalai district. The gross access ratio is calculated by dividing number of habitations shared by school with a radius of 1 km by the number of habitations. In the case of upper primary schools, the reference is to a radius of 3 kms rather than 1 km. Blocks are arranged in ascending order of gross access ratio (GAS) for 2003-04 for primary schools. It will be noted that the GAS for primary schools ranges from 93.6 to 100 percent. In ten out of 18 blocks, 100 percent access ratio has already been achieved. In the case of upper primary schools 100 percent access rate has been achieved in 11 blocks. This implies that a little less than half of the blocks in Thiruvannamalai require additional school at the primary/upper primary levels for providing access to education to every eligible child within a radius of 1 km and 3 kms for the two levels of schools, respectively. 94

Table 4.16: Block -wise Gross Access Ratio of Schools Blocks Primary Upper Primary 2002-03 2003-04 2002-03 2003-04 Thurinjapuram 91.91 93.62 97.87 97.87 Thandrampet 95.00 95.00 100.00 100.00 Polur 96.36 96.36 98.91 98.91 Chengam 96.05 96.71 100.00 100.00 Jawadhu Hills 97.20 97.24 100.00 100.00 Cheyyar 98.44 98.44 97.92 97.92 Kilpennathur 98.10 98.57 100.00 100.00 Tiruvannamalai 98.54 99.51 97.09 97.09 Vembakkam 99.48 100.00 99.48 100.00 Annakavur 100.00 100.00 99.03 99.03 Pernamallur 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 Vanadavasi 100.00 100.00 96.43 96.43 Thellar 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 Arni 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 West Arni 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 Kalasapakkam 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 Chetpet 100.00 100.00 99.17 99.17 Pudupalayam 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 District 98.07 98.36 99.21 99.24 Source: Thiruvannamalai Human Development Report 2006. Table 4.17 gives the transition rates for rural blocks and urban areas in Thiruvannamalai for 2005-06. The transition rates for primary education (standard 5 to 6) range from 91 to nearly 99 percent. In the case of upper primary education, the transition rates vary from 84.2 to 98.3 percent. The lowest performance is for Jawadhu Hills and the better performing blocks are Vembakkam and Polur. These transition rates need to be brought closer to 100 percent. Improvement in quality and examination of factors that lead to students not transiting to higher classes in school education requires further attention in Thiruvannamalai. While direct information on quality of education at the school level in Thiruvannamalai is not available, there is some information on availability of infrastructure facilities in the schools. In the primary schools, 68.4 percent of the schools are without head masters room, 36.5 percent are without toilets, 76.2 percent are without girls toilets, 89.1 percent are without access rams, and 37.2 percent are without 95

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