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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

play grounds. Clearly,

play grounds. Clearly, much more infrastructural investment needs to be done for primary and upper primary schools in Thiruvannamalai. Table 4.17: Block-wise Transition Rates: 2005-06 Primary Upper Primary Blocks Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total Jawadhu Hills 89.4 93.1 91.0 91.7 89.5 84.2 Pudupalayam 97.2 94.8 96.0 94.7 96.7 95.7 Pernamallur 94.5 99.0 96.8 98.0 96.8 97.5 Annakavur 97.9 97.0 97.5 89.3 87.5 88.5 Kilpennathur 97.2 98.4 97.8 96.9 96.2 96.6 Chengam 98.6 97.4 98.0 94.2 96.3 95.2 Kalasapakkam 97.6 98.6 98.1 98.1 97.6 97.9 Thurinjapuram 98.1 98.3 98.2 97.8 98.0 97.9 West Arni 98.6 97.9 98.3 97.8 97.0 97.4 Thandrampet 97.5 98.1 98.3 92.9 98.1 95.5 Chetpet 98.3 98.5 98.4 98.5 97.6 98.2 Arni 98.1 98.8 98.4 99.0 99.1 99.1 Cheyyar 98.5 98.3 98.4 91.4 95.8 94.0 Tiruvannamalai 98.5 98.5 98.5 92.8 97.8 65.0 Thellar 98.7 98.7 98.7 97.5 97.4 97.5 Vanadavasi 98.4 99.1 98.7 97.6 96.3 97.1 Polur 98.8 98.8 98.8 98.3 97.6 98.0 Vembakkam 99.2 98.6 98.9 98.1 98.5 98.3 District 98.2 98.1 98.2 96.4 94.6 95.6 Source: Cohort Study based on Thiruvannamalai Human Development Report 2006. Note: Primary refers to 5 to 6 and Upper Primary 8 to 9 standards. a3. Health Services in Thiruvannamalai Various health related indicators are available with respect to different blocks or other units of health services in Thiruvannamalai. To look at the profile of health related issues, we look at a selected list of indicators like the infant mortality rate (IMR), and the maternal mortality ratio (MMR). Table 4.18 gives block wise information on IMR for rural and urban areas. While for the urban areas, IMR is at 6.5 per thousand live births, in the rural blocks it is relatively high. In 2005, for example, its maximum level was 34 for Pernamallur. Figures for Kalasapakkam and Anakkavur were also 30 and above. A PRSP will need to look at interventions that will improve the IMR in these blocks. 96

Table 4.18: Block-wise IMR in Thiruvannamalai: 2003 to 2005 Blocks 2003 2004 2005 Blocks 2003 2004 2005 Thiruvannamalai HUD Cheyyar HUD Thiruvannamalai 22.78 22.62 22.00 West Arni 22.26 14.72 14.80 Thandrampet 23.26 26.61 19.00 Arni 25.24 20.40 20.30 Chengam 27.79 31.75 32.00 Pernamallur 27.43 31.88 34.00 Pudupalayam 29.33 35.71 25.00 Vembakkam 33.05 30.55 27.60 Jamunamarathur 17.31 27.67 2.90 Cheyyar 32.43 18.65 26.50 Chetpet 20.48 14.25 24.00 Anakkavur 31.87 31.43 31.30 Polur 19.04 19.4 18.00 Vandavasi 22.17 19.40 19.50 Kalasapakkam 24.3 22.55 30.00 Thellar 16.58 21.26 18.50 Thurinjapuram 29.55 28.27 26.00 Rural Total 26.18 23.40 23.60 Kilpennathur 25.32 29.62 17.00 Arni NA 9.60 NA Rural Total 24.11 25.06 23.00 Tiruvathipuram NA 3.00 NA TV Malai Municipality 19.00 Vandavasi NA 0.00 NA HUD Total 21.00 Urban Total NA 6.50 NA HUD Total NA 21.40 NA Source: Deputy Director of Health Services, Thiruvannamalai and Cheyyar HUD. a4. Health Indicators Maternal mortality rates for urban areas and block wise details of rural areas are given in Table 4.19. While for urban areas, the incidence is very low, for some of the rural blocks, it is somewhat higher although the incidence changes from year to year. Table 4.19: Block-wise Maternal Mortality Rate: 2003 to 2005 Blocks 2003 2004 2005 Blocks 2003 2004 2005 Thiruvannamalai HUD Cheyyar HUD Tiruvannamalai 1.8 3.4 1.4 West Arni 1.7 0.5 0.6 Thandrampet 0.9 3.0 0.9 Arni 0.6 2.3 1.7 Chengam 1.6 1.0 0.6 Pernamallur 2.8 0.6 1.5 Pudupalayam 1.2 1.1 3.0 Vembakkam 0.5 0.0 3.1 Jamunamarathur 0.0 1.3 0.0 Cheyyar 2.0 1.1 0.7 Chetpet 1.5 1.1 0.5 Anakkavur 1.4 0.0 0.0 Polur 0.7 0.7 1.0 Vandavasi 0.5 0.5 2.2 Kalasapakkam 2.2 0.9 1.4 Thellar 0.0 0.4 0.7 Thurinjapuram 0.5 1.0 0.5 Rural Total 1.1 0.8 1.4 Kilpennathur 0.8 0.0 0.4 Arni NA 0.0 NA Rural Total 1.2 1.5 1.0 Tiruvathipuram NA 3.0 NA TV Malai Municipality NA 0.0 Vandavasi NA 0.0 NA HUD Total NA 0.9 Urban Total NA 0.6 NA HUD Total NA 0.8 NA Source: Deputy Director of Health Services, Thiruvannamalai and Cheyyar. 97

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