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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

4.9 Summary There are

4.9 Summary There are considerable inter-district and intra-districts differences in Tamil Nadu in respect of the incidence of poverty, nature and level of economic activities, education indicators, health indicators and general developmental indicators. Demographic differences like the share of young population in total population, male-female ratio are also notable. In devising a suitable strategy for coping with spatial imbalances in the context of Millennium Development Goals based poverty reduction strategy, the following are some of the major highlights of inter-district deficiencies in Tamil Nadu. 1. In terms of real GDDP, indicative of income differences, the most deficient five districts are: Villupuram, Thiruvannamalai, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, and Thiruvarur. Relative to the average, the differences across districts in per capita GDDP are quite large. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0 to 108.89. 2. In terms of gross enrolment ratio (GER), the five most deficient districts are: Thiruvannamalai, Villupuram, the Nilgiris, Krishnagiri, and Vellore. Relative to the average the per capita differences in GER are limited. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0 to 18.96. 3. In terms of literacy rate, the five most deficient districts are: Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Villupuram, Perambalur, and Erode. Inter-district differences in literacy relative to the average are nearly twice as large as the case of GER. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0 to 39.31. 4. For life expectancy, five most deficient districts are: Theni, Dindigul, Virudhunagar, Ramanathapuram, and Namakkal. In this case also, the inter-district differences are limited. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0 to 21.29. 5. In terms of gender development index the five most deficient districts taking into account all the determinant of Gender Development Index are: Dharmapuri, Villupuram, Krishnagiri, Thiruvannamalai, and Perambalur. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0.64 to 0.83. 6. For gender related disabilities some of the notable districts are Dharmapuri, Salem, Theni, Perambalur and Virudhunagar. Considering all districts the range of variation relative to the Tamil Nadu average kept at 100 is: for life expectancy at birth 88.8 to 106.15; literacy 89.05 to 119.73; gross enrolment ratio 95.62 to 106.1; and per capita income: 94.01 to 308.1. 7. For population of children in the age group 0-6 the neediest districts are: Dharmapuri, Ariyalur, Pudukkottai, Ramanathapuram and Villupuram. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0.609 to 0.843. 98

8. For provision of safe drinking water, the neediest districts are: Ramanathapuram, Kanniyakumari, Thiruvallur, the Nilgiris and Sivagangai. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0.5 to 0.96. 9. For electricity connectivity the most deficient districts are: Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Pudukkottai, Ariyalur, and Ramanathapuram. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 0.64 to 0.94. 10. In terms of BPL population to total rural population, the districts with highest poverty incidence are: Ramanathapuram (59.5 percent), Madurai (42.8 percent), Perambalur (39.5 percent), Karur (37 percent), and Kancheepuram and Sivagangai (35 percent). Considering all districts the range of variation is from 28 to 58.9 percent. 11. In terms of composition of BPL population, the five most disadvantaged districts with the largest shares of landless labour are: Theni, the Nilgiris, Tirunelveli, Kanniyakumari, and Madurai. Considering all districts the range of variation is from 12.7 to 41.3 percent. Thus, in terms of different types of deficiency and different needs the order of districts is quite different. Districts that appear in the list of most deficient in several respects are Dharmapuri, Ramanathapuram, Thiruvannamalai, Villupuram, and Perambalur. For consideration of intra-district imbalances we have examined the case of Thiruvannamalai (and Sivagangai) in some detail. The central message is that the policy reduction strategy has to aim at a block level strategy for rural areas and pay special attention to the limited segments of urban areas. There is scope for achieving allocative efficiency by relating district wise allocation for some of major education and health programmes as well as incomegenerating programmes like NREGA to district-wise indices of relative deficiency. The same methodology can be fallowed for allocations within a district. In the next chapter we look at three specific specific issues relating to water, land and agriculture which have strong linkages with the poverty reduction strategy. The achievement of the MGD goals to a large extent depends on the strategies developed to effectively manage the three important resources in the rural areas. 99

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau