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Chapter 5 WATER, LAND AND AGRICULTURE: ISSUES AND IMPACT ON POVERTY Goal 7 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has two specific targets relating to water and environment. Water plays a powerful role in poverty reduction through its impact on food production, hygiene, sanitation, health, vulnerability/food security, employment, and environment. Target 10 of MDGs aims to halve by 2015 the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water. The Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights of the United Nations’ Economic and Social Council states that “the human right to water entitles everyone to sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible, and affordable water for personal and domestic uses”. Environmental issues particularly relating to land/soil degradation are severe in Tamil Nadu. Water and land are two essential inputs for agriculture. Increased use of fertilizers and pesticides has aggravated the problem. This Chapter provides an overview of the key water, land and agriculture issues in Tamil Nadu and highlights the implications for a poverty reduction strategy. 5.1 Natural Resources and Poverty: Linkages Poor people rely heavily and directly on local natural resources for their livelihoods. The poor are disproportionately affected by large variations in water availability as they are the most vulnerable to water related hazards such as floods, droughts and pollution. Effective distribution and management of water and other resources like land are essential for sustainable growth and poverty reduction. Availability of clean water for drinking and adequate water for other household uses as well as for agriculture, industry and energy is essential for reducing poverty and hunger. Water, an important factor of production in a variety of industries and agriculture, is crucial for economic development and poverty reduction. Contaminated water and poor sanitation affect the health of poor people severely, which in turn set up a cycle of ill health and further impoverishment that will have severe financial and personal costs. Contamination of common property resources like rivers and coastal areas directly translate into less food, income and time for the poor. Majority of the rural poor usually practice rain fed agriculture and live in fear of delayed or failed rainfall. Poor are at risk from environmental shocks and natural disasters including excessive or deficient rainfall pattern and rising sea level. 101

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau