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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

The total water demand

The total water demand already exceeds the availability and the deficiency is 307.8 thousand million cubic feet (TMC). It is estimated that the industries will require 1307.20 MCM in 2014 as against its demand of 636 MCM in 1999 (Table 5.8). The requirement for domestic use is also projected to rise. The water deficit would rise to 2481 MCM in 2014. Since these figures exclude the Cauvery (the major) basin, the deficit will be more than what is shown. Imbalance between water needs and resources are likely to induce a variety of conflicts between different users. Table 5.8: Projected Water Demand in Tamil Nadu * (Million Cubic Metre) 1999 2004 2014 Sectors Demand Percent Demand Percent Demand Percent Agriculture 29079 93.2 29079 92.4 27808 89.9 Domestic 1002 3.2 1088 3.5 1346 4.3 Industries 636 2.0 809 2.6 1307 4.2 Live Stock 387 1.2 387 1.2 387 1.3 Hydro Power 60 0.2 66 0.2 68 0.2 Others 28 0.1 28 0.1 28 0.1 Total 31192 100.0 31458 100.0 30944 100.0 Source: Water Resources Organization (1998), State Framework: Water Resources Plan of Tamil Nadu. * Note: Excluding Cauvery Basin. b. Water Quality There are also serious water quality problems in some of the basins due to industrial pollution. 17 In Chennai particularly, the waterways are severely polluted due to the discharge of domestic waste. Sea water intrusion is also occurring along the coast due to the over-extraction of groundwater. In some parts of the state, there is contamination due to excess fluoride. Agriculture, a major non-point source of water pollution, also creates severe environmental issues. Heavy use of fertilizers can have major adverse impacts on surface water quality, soils and groundwater. The environmental consequences of excess use of fertilisers are shown in Annexure 5.1. Improper/inefficient use of chemical fertilizers (pesticides) would result in food production polluted with nitrates (toxic), reduction in yield, environmental degradation (soil degradation, water and air pollution, climate change and health hazards) and extra cost of production. c. Rural and Urban Water Supply Status There are 86981 rural habitations in the state. In 2002-03, only 36.8 percent of habitations were fully covered by rural water supply and 49.06 percent covered partially. 17 Effluent discharged from industries significantly affects surface water quality, soil and groundwater. 108

In 2006-7, 65.83 percent of habitations were fully covered by rural water supply and 33.62 percent were partially supported by the rural water supply (Table 5.9). Year Table 5.9: Rural Water Supply Status: By Habitations Total Number of Habitations Habitations Fully Covered Habitations Partially Covered Number Percent Number Percent 2002-03 81787 30117 36.82 40124 49.06 2003-04 81787 35727 43.68 36777 44.97 2004-05 81787 46249 56.55 32314 39.51 2005-06 81787 55149 67.43 25670 31.39 2006-07 86981 57260 65.83 29241 33.62 Source: Government of Tamil Nadu (2007), Eleventh Five Year Plan 2007-2012, State Planning Commission and Tamil NAdu- Economic Appraisal 2006-07. Of 718 urban towns (other than Chennai) in the state, 5 are corporations, 152 are municipalities and 252 are town panchayats. Depending on the availability of per capita per day water supply, they are classified as good, average, and poor. Table 5.10 reveals that 199 municipalities and town panchayats were poor in 2002. In 2007, only 29 of them were poor. During the same period, the total number of towns having good performance increased from 290 to 382. Table 5.10: Status of Urban Water Supply Civic Status Good Average Poor Total 2002 2007 2002 2007 2002 2007 2002 2007 Corporations - 1 5 4 - - 5 5 Municipalities 38 52 34 90 30 10 102 152 Town 253 329 190 213 169 19 611 561 Panchayats Total 290 382 229 307 199 29 718 718 Source: Government of Tamil Nadu (2007), Eleventh Five Year Plan 2007-2012, State Planning Commission. Note: For Corporation, Good means above 110 litre per capita per day (lpcd), Average: 70 – 110 lpcd, Poor: less than 70 lpcd; For Municipality, Good: 90 lpcd, Average: 50-89 lpcd, Poor: less than 50 lpcd; For Town Panchayats, Good: 70 lpcd, Average: 40 – 69 lpcd, Poor: less than 40 lpcd. d. Irrigation Financing Water is a state subject under the Indian Constitution. 18 The public works department (PWD) is solely responsible for the maintenance of major and medium irrigation works. The state has allotted Rs. 972 crore for irrigation for the Eleventh plan period (2007- 18 However, the Centre is also financing through the schemes shared between the centre and the state, and the centrally sponsored schemes. On completion, all projects are transferred to the state for maintenance. 109

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau