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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

and Water tests are

and Water tests are conducted in each field and Soil Health Cards are prepared and distributed to farmers at free of cost. Although some initial land development activities are carried out before the distribution of land, most other activities after the legal documents are handed over to the beneficiaries. The lands are distributed once in three months. So far about 2 lakh acres of lands have been distributed to about 1.75 lakh beneficiaries. e. Soil Conservation Land provides food, fuel, fodder and shelter besides supporting most forms of economic activity. Land degradation, which means changes in the quality of soil, water, terrain, biotic resources and other characteristics that results in the loss of biological or economic productivity of land, is mainly due to soil erosion, caused by natural and man-made causes such as deforestation, overgrazing, reckless mining, and general mismanagement. Physical as well as biological deterioration of land with associated fertility depletion also occurs due to water logging, salination, alkalination, acidification etc. Soil erosion causes loss of run-off water, plant nutrients and micro flora. It also results in siltation of reservoirs and river beds affecting both irrigation and hydro electric potential. It also leads to floods in plains and valleys causing damage to crops, animals and human life. In Tamil Nadu, soil erosion by wind is prevalent in the Cumbum Valley on the eastern side of the Western Ghats, and Tirunelveli and Thootukudi districts. The coastal areas of Ramanathapuram district are also affected. Besides, almost the entire lands under rain fed agriculture are subjected to sheet and gully erosion. The problem of salinity and alkalinity exists in Kancheepuram, Tanjor, Nagapatnam, Thiruvarur, and Thiruvannamalai districts. Tamil Nadu was one of the pioneer states, implementing soil conservation programs in agricultural lands since 1949. In 1959, wind erosion control measures were initiated. The Soil Conservation in tribal areas has been taken up in since 1976. Further, Soil Conservation in the Catchments of River Valley Project (1976), Soil Conservation under Western Ghats Development (1982), and Soil Conservation under Hill Area Development (1987) are the special projects implemented by Agricultural Engineering Department. 118

5.4 Agriculture: Key Issues Agriculture continues to be the dominant sector providing livelihood for more than 50 percent of the people in Tamil Nadu, contributing about 12 percent of the GSDP. a. Crop Pattern The cropping pattern in Tamil Nadu is shown in Table 5.18. Paddy is the dominant crop accounting for 33 percent of Gross Cropped Area (GCA). Table 5.18: Croping Pattern in Tamil Nadu 2006- Crops Details 1980-81 1990-91 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 07 Paddy (lakh ha) 22.29 18.56 20.8 20.6 15.17 13.97 18.73 20.5 19.31 % 34.45 27.99 30.42 33.09 29.22 26.28 31.81 33.98 33.05 Millets (lakh ha) 13.36 11.81 7.33 6.46 7.12 9.03 8.24 7.41 6.99 % 20.65 17.81 10.72 10.38 13.72 16.99 13.99 12.28 11.96 Pulses (lakh ha) 5.44 8.47 6.88 6.85 5.63 5.37 5.9 5.25 5.37 % 8.41 12.77 10.06 11.00 10.85 10.10 10.02 8.70 9.17 (lakh ha) 41.09 38.85 35.01 34.52 27.92 28.37 32.87 33.16 31.66 Total: Food Grains % 63.51 58.58 51.20 55.44 53.79 53.37 55.82 54.96 54.18 Sugarcane (lakh ha) 1.83 2.33 3.15 3.21 2.61 1.92 2.22 3.35 3.91 % 2.83 3.51 4.61 5.16 5.03 3.61 3.77 5.55 6.69 Vegetables (lakh ha) - - 2.2 2.18 1.62 1.91 2.15 2.34 2.38 % 3.22 3.50 3.12 3.59 3.65 3.88 4.07 Fruits (lakh ha) - - 2.23 2.29 2.23 2.21 2.36 2.58 2.67 % 3.26 3.68 4.30 4.16 4.01 4.28 4.57 (lakh ha) - - 8.5 8.52 7.77 8.24 8.58 8.9 9.27 Total: Horticulture % 12.43 13.68 14.97 15.50 14.57 14.75 15.75 (lakh ha) - - 45.36 44.93 37 37.18 43.53 44.7 43.34 Total: Food Crops % 66.34 72.17 71.28 69.94 73.92 74.09 74.17 Cotton (lakh ha) 2.21 2.39 1.7 1.64 0.76 0.98 1.29 1.1 1.0 % 3.42 3.60 2.49 2.63 1.46 1.84 2.19 1.82 1.71 Groundnut (lakh ha) 8.42 9.63 6.99 6.63 5.02 5.92 6.16 6.19 5.08 % 13.01 14.52 10.22 10.65 9.67 11.14 10.46 10.26 8.69 Coconut (lakh ha) 1.12 1.8 3.23 3.36 3.46 3.53 3.57 3.71 3.75 % 1.73 2.71 4.72 5.40 6.67 6.64 6.06 6.15 6.42 (lakh ha) 23.6 27.47 23.02 17.33 14.91 15.98 15.36 15.63 15.09 Total: Non Food % 36.48 41.42 33.66 27.83 28.72 30.06 26.08 25.91 25.83 GCA (lakh ha) 64.7 66.32 68.38 62.26 51.91 53.16 58.89 60.33 58.43 Source: Tamil Nadu Economic Appraisal (Various Years). Groundnut, Sugarcane and Cotton are important commercial crops. Millets (Jowar and Bajra) and pulses are important food grain crops. These crops account for about 54 percent of gross cropped area (GCA). Rice is the stable food for the people and its dominant in the crop mix had remained steady except in years like 1990-91 when supply 119

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau