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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

of Cauvery water was

of Cauvery water was delayed (Planning Commission, 2005). Supply of fine rice in PDS has encouraged people to change their consumption habit from other cereals to rice, contributing to significant reduction in area under millets (from 13.4 lakh hectares in 1980-81 to 6.99 lakh hectares in 2006-07). Areas under pulses and groundnut have remained more or less the same except in 1990-91 when their areas increased substantially due to decline in rice area. Sugarcane area increased from 1.8 lakh hectares to 3.9 lakh hectares during the period 1980-81 to 2006-07, due to the establishment of several sugar mills in the state. There has been a continuous decline in the area under cotton crop. One important trend observed in the last decade is that horticulture development has gradually moved out of its rural confines to urban areas and from “traditional” to “hi-tech”. Thus, horticulture assumes great importance as it provides a remunerative means for diversification of land use, improving productivity of land and increasing farm income. Currently about 16 percent of GCA are utilized for horticulture. It is noted that the GCA has shrunk from 64. 7 lakh hectares in 1980-81 to 58.43 lakh hectares in 2006-07, a fall of 6.27 percentage points. This needs attention because the number of workers dependent on agriculture increased from 12.6 million in 1981 to 13.8 million in 2001. It has significantly increased the man/land ratio. By improving the productivity of the crop, we can protect the per capita income of farmers. b. Productivity of Crop During 1980-81 to 2006-07, the productivity of all crops (listed in Table 5.19) increased. Rice productivity increased significantly from 1865 kilograms (kg.) to 3423 kg., groundnut productivity from 860 kg to 1981 kg, and cotton yield increased from 200 kg to 374 kg. The productivity of sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, pulses also increased marginally over time (Table 5.19). Thus improvements in crop yields compensated the loss in area cultivated. It may be noted that as compared to the 2000-01 level, the productivity of rice declined substantially in 2003.04. Thereafter, it started increasing, but still it is lower than 2000-01 level. 120

Table 5.19: Productivity (Yield) of Major Crops in Tamil Nadu (Kilograms) Crops 1980-81 1990-91 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004- 2006-07 05 2005-06 Paddy 1865 3116 3541 3196 2359 2308 2703 2541 3423 Jowar 790 1010 923 866 660 612 669 732 999 Bajra 840 1080 1318 1223 869 1085 1273 1157 1511 Pulses 324 425 454 395 356 375 367 337 540 Total: Food Grains 2461 2228 1598 1520 1870 1844 2610 Sugarcane* 101.5 100.8 116 116 106 102 110 105 123 Vegetables - - 26.97 26.39 22.22 24.47 29.34 28.12 n.a Fruits - - 17.98 19.1 18 16.33 19.06 22.4 n.a Total: Horticulture - - 13.56 13.75 11.8 12.06 14.7 14.73 n.a Cotton 200 290 316 238 188 213 244 260 374 Groundnut 860 1220 1942 1885 1429 1552 1632 1775 1981 Source: Tamil Nadu Economic Appraisal (Various Years); * in tonnes. Tamil Nadu’s rice productivity declined over the years while the India’s average rice productivity increased. Still the rice productivity of Tamil Nadu (3425 kg) is higher than that of India (2133 kg.). In fact, Tamil Nadu obtained first rank in rice productivity in 2000-01 with the average yield level of 3540 kg per hectares. But in 2006-07, it ranked second after Punjab (Table 5.20). Table 5.20: State-wise Yield Rates: Paddy, Sugarcane, Cotton and Groundnut (Kilograms) States Paddy Sugarcane Cotton Groundnut 2000-01 2006-07 2000-01 2006-07 2000-01 2006-07 2000-01 2006-07 Andhra Pradesh 2936 2982 75905 83423 280 408 1091 556 Assam 1495 1333 36590 35333 -- - -- NA Bihar 1475 1485 42650 45846 -- - -- 67 Gujarat 810 1904 71440 74429 120 638 395 814 Haryana 2559 3240 57130 68429 424 486 1000 NA Karnataka 2520 2464 102910 86879 260 238 799 500 Kerala 2162 2423 81060 88000 280 NA 754 760 Madhya Pradesh 570 825 22170 46833 80 192 1023 950 Maharashtra 1277 1680 83340 74829 100 272 1000 889 Orissa 1041 1533 57380 63500 275 371 794 1125 Punjab 3506 3870 64210 60200 430 731 1000 1000 Rajasthan 940 2398 41580 126000 270 350 920 1333 Tamil Nadu 3540 3425 105250 105436 320 270 1940 1980 Uttar Pradesh 1976 1878 54720 59533 150 NA 835 700 West Bengal 2287 2592 67850 63500 -- - 1471 1302 All India 1916 2133 68580 69033 190 421 952 865 Source: Tamil Nadu Economic Appraisal (Various Years). 121

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
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