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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

a9. Pulse Polio

a9. Pulse Polio Immunization Programme This initiative includes use of Monovalent Oral Polio Vaccine (mOPV1 & mOPV3) in the high risk districts and States to enhance immunity against P1 and P3 virus, vaccinating the children in transit and covering children of migratory population from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Special rounds have been conducted in Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat and West Bengal during August, September, October and November 2007. a10. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) is being implemented for prevention and control of vector borne diseases like malaria, filariasis, kala-azar, Japanese encephalitis (JE), dengue and chikungunya. Most of these diseases are epidemic prone and have seasonal fluctuations. Currently about 100 districts are identified as highly malaria endemic where focused interventions are being undertaken. To achieve NHP-2002 goal for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis by 2015, the Government of India initiated Annual Mass Drug Administration (MDA) with single dose of diethylcarbamazine citrate tablets to all individuals living at risk of filariasis excluding pregnant women, children below 2 years of age and seriously ill persons. During 2007, MDA has been observed in 19 States. The reported coverage of 19 States is 87.28 percent. Kala-azar is endemic in 4 States of the country, namely Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. However, about 80 percent of the total cases are reported from Bihar. a11. National AIDS Control Programme The HIV prevalence among high risk groups continues to be nearly 6 to 8 times greater than that among the general population. Based on the HIV Sentinel Surveillance data from the last three years (2004-06), districts have been classified into four categories. About 156 districts have been identified as category A where the HIV prevalence among ANC clinic attendees is greater than 1 percent and 39 districts have been classified as category B where HIV prevalence among high risk population has been found to be more than 5 percent. These districts are being given priority attention. a12. Some Tamil Nadu Initiatives There are number of specialised schemes for poverty reduction in rural areas introduced by the Tamil Nadu government. During the last two years of the Tenth Plan, a new scheme called Guaranteed Employment: Tamil Nadu Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (TNREGS) for providing guaranteed employment for 100 days in a year to needy households was introduced in six districts of the state. It is now being extended to other 140

districts in Tamil Nadu. Namadhu Gramam was one of the major schemes introduced by the Tamil Nadu government with a aim of community participation, collective decision making, and infrastructural development. Each panchayat is allocated funds under this programme and the panchayats are encouraged to widen the decision making base by involving all stake holders in the villages apart from elected representatives. The Government of Tamil Nadu has undertaken many development schemes exclusively through its budgetary support for infrastructural development and improvement in the living condition of people in rural areas. Member of Legislative Assembly Constituency Development scheme (MLACDS), Village Self Sufficiency Scheme (VSSS), Village Fair Development Scheme (VFDS) are some of the major schemes implemented under this head. Tamil Nadu Health Systems Project (TNHSP) includes provision of civil works and equipments for upgrading the secondary hospitals, supporting NGO based activities for improving tribal health, expanding the CEmONC network as well as projects for biomedical waste management and control of cervical cancer and cardiac disease. The total outlay proposed for TNHSP during the Plan period is Rs. 464.54 crore. b. State-wise Allocation in Centrally Sponsored Schemes State-wise allocations of the major centrally sponsored Schemes (CSS) are done using specific formulae criteria. For some of the major programmes, these are summarised in Table 6.7. Program PDS SGRY NREG SGSY IAY Table 6.7: Allocation Rules for Selected CSS Allocation Rule Across States Based on state rural and urban poverty rates for 1993-94 adjusted for population growth, and subsequent adjustment. Based on state rural poverty rates for 1993-94 adjusted for population growth and subsequent adjustment 200 backward districts as defined by Planning based on merging of RSVY and NFFW districts, using ago productivity per worker, SC/ST share and casual agro- wage rates by district Based on state rural poverty rates for 1993-04 adjusted for population growth and subsequent adjustment 50 percent on adjusted state rural poverty estimates and 50 percent on housing shortage NOAPS 50 percent of state-specific NSS poverty rate for population x over 65 year’s population x over 65 years population by state. Source: Saxena (2006); Rajan (2004) for social pensions. 141

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau