Views
6 months ago

POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

ii. The local level

ii. The local level institutions (PRI and municipal) can help in better targeting of household or individual oriented benefits. Also, they are in better position to understand the local infrastructure deficiencies. iii. In the context of primary schools, interface with village panchayats can improve attendance of both teachers and students. iv. It is only in programmes or services where specialised and technical inputs are needed like watershed development programmes, should agencies or societies be involved, but they should have a clear interface with the PRI institutions. 6.7 Reaching the Urban Poor a. Features of Urban Poverty Rural poverty is often considered the core of poverty in India, because of the large number of rural poor, high incidence of poverty in rural population, their limited access to information, security, health and education. However, urban poverty is now becoming a growing problem. Urban poverty generally is qualitatively different from rural poverty. While rural poverty is related more to inadequacy of income, urban poverty is related, apart from income shortfalls, to unhygienic conditions of living and deficiencies in basic services. Cities attract the rural poor who often land into or create urban slums. Dandekar and Rath (1971) had earlier written: “… The character of urban poverty is the consequence of the continuous migration of the rural poor into the urban areas in search of a livelihood, their failure to find adequate means to support themselves there and the resulting growth of pavement and slum life in the cities”. In India, Bhanumurthy and Mitra (2003) decomposed changes in poverty into a growth effect, an inequality effect, and a migration effect for two periods: 1983 to 1993- 94 and 1993-94 to1999-00. The decomposition analysis showed that rural-to-urban migration contributed to poverty reduction in rural areas by 2.6 percent between 1983 and 1993-94. Poverty in the urban sector increased during the same period, but by a smaller rate than the reduction of poverty in rural areas. Therefore, the net poverty incidence for the country as a whole decreased over the period studied. Similar findings were reported for the 1993-94 to 1999-00 period. Rural poverty declined by 1.64 percent as a result of rural to urban migration, while urban poverty increased by 1.43 percent. While rural poverty is marked by connections to agriculture and land, urban poverty is more heterogeneous in income generation and location patterns. The urban poor exhibit highly diverse pattern of activities and problems. Devising programmes and policies to 148

each the urban poor who live in slums and non-slum areas is the new challenge for poverty reduction strategy. b. Slum Population in Tamil Nadu Tables 6.11 and 6.12 provide information on the share of slum population to total urban population for 1981, 1991, and 2001. The all India figures indicate that the share of slum population in total urban population has increased from 17.5 percent in 1981 to 21.3 percent in 1991. Table 6.11: Changing Share of Slum Population in Urban Population (1981 and 1991) (Population in Lakh) States 1981 1991 Differenc Urban Populatio n Slum Populatio n % of Slum to Urba n Urban Populatio n Slum Populatio n % of Slum to Urba n e in % (1991- 1981 % Points Andhra Pradesh 124.9 28.6 22.9 178.9 43.1 24.1 1.2 Bihar 87.2 32.7 37.5 113.5 26.9 23.7 -13.8 Gujarat 106.0 15.3 14.4 142.5 25.8 18.1 3.7 Haryana 28.3 2.7 9.7 40.5 6.8 16.9 7.2 Karnataka 107.3 5.7 5.4 139.1 12.9 9.3 3.9 Kerala 47.7 4.1 8.6 76.8 12.2 15.9 7.3 Madhya Pradesh 105.6 10.7 10.2 153.4 21.0 13.7 3.5 Maharashtr a 219.9 43.1 19.6 305.4 78.7 25.8 6.2 Orissa 31.1 2.8 9.1 42.4 8.4 19.9 10.8 Punjab 46.5 11.7 25.1 59.9 14.1 23.6 -1.5 Rajasthan 72.1 10.3 14.2 100.7 24.0 23.8 9.6 Tamil Nadu 159.5 26.8 16.8 190.8 35.7 18.7 1.9 Uttar Pradesh 199.0 25.8 13.0 276.1 58.4 21.2 8.2 West Bengal 144.5 30.3 21.0 187.1 51.9 27.8 6.8 Delhi 57.7 18.0 31.2 84.7 22.5 26.5 -4.7 All India 1597.3 279.1 17.5 2176.1 462.6 21.3 3.8 Source: Report of the Working Group on Urban Housing and Urban Poverty with Focus on Slums for the Tenth Plan (2002) and Population Census 2001. 149

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau