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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

In Tamil Nadu, in 1991

In Tamil Nadu, in 1991 nearly 18.7 percent of urban population was in slums, which was only slightly below the all-India average. In 2001, this percentage has gone down to about 9.3 for Tamil Nadu while for all-India also the percentage fell to 14.1. However, there has been a considerable rise in absolute terms in the number of people living in slums. The number of people living in slums in India has more than doubled in the past two decades and now exceeds the entire population of Britain. India’s slumdwelling population had risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 40.3 million in 2001. In Tamil Nadu, in 2001, nearly 2.53 people were living in slums. Table 6.12: Changing Share of Slum Population in Urban Population (1991 and 2001) (Population in Lakh) States 2001 Difference Urban Population Slum Population % of Slum to Urban Population in % (2001-1991) % Points Andhra Pradesh 205.04 51.49 25.11 1.0 Bihar 146.66 8.17 5.57 -18.1 Gujarat 188.99 13.46 7.12 -11.0 Haryana 61.14 14.21 23.24 6.4 Karnataka 179.20 12.67 7.07 -2.2 Kerala 82.67 4.53 5.48 -10.4 Madhya Pradesh 202.78 31.76 15.66 2.0 Maharashtra 410.20 106.44 25.95 0.2 Orissa 54.96 6.35 11.55 -8.4 Punjab 82.46 11.51 13.96 -9.6 Rajasthan 132.05 12.06 9.13 -14.7 Tamil Nadu 272.42 25.30 9.29 -9.4 Uttar Pradesh 366.83 43.51 11.86 -9.3 West Bengal 224.87 38.22 17.00 -10.8 Delhi 128.20 20.25 15.80 -10.7 All India 2853.5 402.97 14.12 -7.1 Source: As in Table 6.9. Note: Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh are the combined states where total are obtained by adding up the respective new and old states. However, the urban poor live in slums as well as in non-slum areas. In slum areas they are concentrated and in the non-slum areas, they are diffused. In the Eleventh Plan document of the Government of Tamil Nadu (2007), it is acknowledged that all the urban poor do not live in slums. The urban poor population in India is estimated to be nearly 9 crore currently, while the slum population is 4 crore. The 150

Eleventh Plan (2007) observes: “Our knowledge about the urban poor outside of slums is superficial. If there are as many urban poor living outside of slums as there are living in slums, the focus of poverty alleviation should differ considerably from merely aiming mainly to upgrade slums and to provide job training for slum dwellers. It is now recognized that provision of urban basic services to the poor will have to form the backbone of urban poverty alleviation programmes”. Table 6.13 gives details about the Tamil Nadu’s urban agglomerations. Table 6.13: Tamil Nadu – Distribution of Towns by Size Class, 2001 (Category-wise) Size class Types of Cities / Towns (Population Size) No. of Urban Agglomerations/ Towns Mega Cities (50,00,000 and above) 1 Metro Cities (10,00,000 – 49,99,999) 2 Class I Large Cities (5,00,000 – 9,99,999) 3 Medium Cities (3,00,000 – 4,99,999) 3 Small Cities (1,00,000 – 2,99,999) 20 Class II Large Towns (50,000 – 99,999) 45 Class III Medium Towns (20,000 – 49,999) 118 Class IV Small Towns (10,000 – 19,999) 282 Class V Towns (5,000 – 9,999) 182 Class VI Towns (below 5,000) 12 Total 668 Source: Study report of Association of Urban Management and Development Authorities (AMDA). c. Some Important Urban Poverty Reduction Programmes Government programmes aimed at urban poverty alleviation have a long history. Some of the main landmarks are noted below: 1958: Start of Urban Community Development (UCD) pilot project with an area-oriented approach. 1972: Start of Environmental Improvement of Urban Slums (EIVS). 1985: Expansion of Urban Basic Services (UBS) programme, already implemented during 1981-84 in 42 towns with the help of UNICEF to 168 towns. 1989: Four pronged strategy comprising i. employment creation for low income communities through promotion of micro enterprises and public works, ii. housing and shelter upgradation, 151

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
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