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iii. iv. social

iii. iv. social development planning with special focus on development of children and women, and environmental upgradation of slums. With these objectives, two schemes were launched. 1989: i. Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY) ii. Urban Basic Services for Poor (UBSP) 1995: Start of Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme (PMI UPEP) made applicable to 345 Class II towns and 79 specifically identified district headquarters and hill areas. 1997: Swarnajayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY): In SJSRY, the earlier schemes of UBSP, NRY and PMI UPEP were merged. SJSRY has a urban self-employment programme (USEP) through promoting self-employment ventures, and the urban wage employment (UWEP) component. It also emphasises creating community structures, and applicable to all urban town in India. Much of the non-slum urban poor, live on streets, in and around railway and bus-stations, railway tracks, religious places. They are scattered all over the place, making urban governance difficult. Poor living conditions in slum and squatter conditions also leads to exposure to health hazards due to exposure to pollution and domestic and industrial waste. Some recent schemes include Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNURM). In Tamil Nadu, three cities, i.e. Chennai, Madurai and Coimbatore have been selected for providing infrastructure development and basic services under this scheme. Preparation of City Development Plan is a pre-requisite under JNNURM assistance. The preparation of city development plans for the above mentioned cities had been taken up at the end of Tenth five year plan. One key issue for urban areas is provision of safe drinking water. Under Governmetn of Tamil Nadu initiatives, a Water and Sanitation Pooled Fund (WSPF), which is a Government Trust has been created to cater to the civic needs like water and sanitation for small and medium towns which are pooled together and debt is raised through market-oriented driven approach. The Government of Tamil Nadu has designated the Water and Sanitation Pooled Fund (WSPF) as the State Pooled Finance Entity (SPFE) under PFDF Scheme and authorized it to operate according to the guidelines issued by the Central Government. This fund aims to: 152

i. provide financial assistance for setting up infrastructure projects, ii. mobilize resources from the capital market under pooled finance structure, iii. facilitate the participation of private sector in water and waste water sectors through direct investment and through joint delivery mechanism of Public Private Partnership, iv. enable Urban Local Bodies to access debt finance from markets, and v. act as nodal agency on behalf of Central and/or State Government for water, sanitation and/or any other infrastructure projects. During 2006, the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India had introduced a Pooled Finance Development Fund (PFDF) Scheme. The main objectives of State Level Pooled Finance Mechanism are as follows: 1. Development of bankable urban infrastructure projects. 2. Reduce the cost of borrowing to local bodies with appropriate credit enhancement measures and through restructuring of existing costly debts. 3. Facilitate development of Municipal Bond market. Bankable projects within the context of PFDF are defined as "those projects structured with appropriate credit enhancements in such a way that they demonstrate the capacity for servicing the market debt to the satisfaction of the rating agencies and potential investors". In the context of slums, some of the programmes introduced by the Government of Tamil Nadu are: a. repairs and renovation works for the slum tenements in Chennai and other towns, b. employment training programme for the urban slum youths in Tamil Nadu, c. improvement of slum tenements constructed by Tamil Nadu Housing Board after 1971 at Madurai, and d. repairs and Renovation works for the slum tenements constructed by Tamil Nadu Housing Board. While urban poverty reduction languished for many years, in recent times a new thrust and priority has been given to this growing problem. Important among the new initiatives are the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission, a modified Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana, and the Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAS). Rajiv Awas Yojana envisages tackling the issues of inclusive growth and slumfree-cities, including basic amenities and affordable housing to the existing slum-dwellers 153

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau